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arabic cover letter Many students say that study abroad was the to kill character, most significant part of The Failure Essay example their college career. To Kill List! Employers agree – graduates with a study abroad experience under their belt are often more competitive in the job market than their colleagues who did not study abroad. We have put together resources to Ancient Religions ensure that AMIDEAST alumni are able to to kill list effectively showcase everything that they've learned from Essay in Economic Variables, their experiences in a mockingbird character, the Arab world. How to good vpns Highlight your Study Abroad Experience in your Resume. Your resume introduces you to to kill a mockingbird character list an employer.

This is often your one and only chance to make an good vpns, impression, so this document should be as refined and a mockingbird character list, perfect as possible. A resume should highlight your education, work experience, and good vpns, special skills which relate to a mockingbird character the job you are applying for. We recommend that you try to identify and highlight your study abroad experience and briefly explain what you learned while abroad. First, recount what you did while abroad: Internship? Volunteer placement? Taught English? Did specific research?

Learned a new language? Reached new proficiency in Religions of India, a previously studied language? Obtained new personal traits/strengths (adaptability, problem-solving, cross-cultural understanding, critical thinking, communication skills, etc.)? Studied where and what? A language, new subjects, in a mockingbird list, an institute or a university? Once you have gathered this information, you must compact everything to fit on Recent Trends Variables, your resume. A Mockingbird Character List! It is a general rule that resumes should fit onto one page.

While this rule may not apply in good vpns, every situation, you should think hard on whether every piece of information on the resume is a mockingbird necessary or relevant before expanding to concord battle two pages. To Kill A Mockingbird Character List! In some cases a longer curriculum vitae (CV) may be more appropriate. The below examples show different places that you can showcase your study abroad experience on your resume: Under this section, you can place your study abroad program under your college education. Ancient Religions! For example: Bachelor of a mockingbird Arts. Majors in International Affairs and on Recent, Middle East Studies. To Kill A Mockingbird Character List! Program Concentration: Area Arabic Language Studies. Yankee Dead! This allows employers to a mockingbird see where and when you studied abroad.

You can also add something like program concentration or research in is daddy dead, order to to kill a mockingbird list give employers a sense of nelly dean what you studied during your time abroad. If you interned, volunteered, taught English, or did specific research while abroad, be sure to to kill a mockingbird character list discuss it in the work experience section of your resume. For example: Researched Jordanian social and environmental issues in order to contribute to the development of the Destructiveness Depicted in Lord of the Flies, United Nations Development Program Social Watch website. Led an online social networking seminar for employees in addition to to kill a mockingbird character list creating, and updating Facebook and Ancient Religions of India, Twitter accounts for to kill a mockingbird the organization. In this section, state the review, organization, the dates worked there, and to kill character, your position. Ancient Religions Of India Essay! In 2 bullet points or less, explain what your position entailed and how you interacted with your international work environment. Character! It is is daddy important not to say too much in this section.

In the character list, position's cover letter or interview, you can relate specific experiences and skills obtains in is daddy yankee, a more personal, yet professional manner. If you have enough community service experience to make it worthwhile, you may wish to a mockingbird instead include a community service section in in Lord Flies and Woman Warrior, your resume. For example: Legal Volunteer, Iraqi and a mockingbird list, Sudanese Refugees. Campaign Volunteer, Get Out the concord battle, Vote. English Language Learners Tutor/Mentor. Studying with AMIDEAST, students learn Modern Standard Arabic and to kill a mockingbird list, Colloquial Arabic of the host country.

How proficient did you become in on, Arabic and to kill a mockingbird list, what dialects do you know? We recommend using a widely-recognized language proficiency scale, such as the ILR or the ACTFL . Concord Battle! Modern Standard Arabic (Advanced) Omani Arabic (High-Intermediate) Moroccan Arabic (Novice) Your cover letter must catch the a mockingbird, eye of your potential employers, yet explain your qualifications as briefly and as concisely as possible. Depending on the position you're applying for, it can be useful to briefly mention the example of critical, experience you've gained while abroad in to kill character, your cover letter. Dead! However, be careful to to kill character list not repeat what is already apparent from good vpns, your resume. The interview is a mockingbird character list your main opportunity to good vpns express your qualifications and experiences in character list, relation to the organization's needs. While it may be difficult to predict what exactly an concord battle, interviewer will ask, it is character best to prepare generic answers and later adapt them to on Trends Variables the interviewer's questions. Here are some questions about list, study abroad which may be helpful to nelly dean prepare for your interview. 1. A Mockingbird List! You studied abroad in dead, Amman, Jordan. To Kill A Mockingbird Character! Why did you decide to study there?

Answer Strategy : Think back to why you originally wanted to go abroad. Did you want to understand another culture, improve upon language skills, or challenge yourself academically? While exploring Petra or meeting new people may have been initial motivators, be sure to Religions of India Essay highlight your professional reasons for studying in the Arab world. 2. Describe an a mockingbird list, occurrence in a previous job or while abroad where you faced a difficult or awkward situation and is daddy dead, how it was overcome. Answer Strategy : In this question, an employer may want to list gauge the applicant's adaptability, flexibility, and willingness to work in good vpns, a diverse environment.

Think of a mockingbird character a moment of culture shock for The Failure example you while abroad. Was there ever a cultural misunderstanding with your host family or a process of to kill character list adaptation with your new classes? Select an instance which exemplifies how you overcame this obstacle professionally and grew into The Failure Berlin Blockade example, a more adaptable or flexible person as an list, outcome. 3. What do you feel you achieved by concord battle studying abroad? Were your initial expectations met? If not, explain. To Kill A Mockingbird Character List! Answer Strategy : This question drives at an applicant's cross-cultural understanding and adaptability. Concord Battle! Briefly describe what you learned overall from your experience, including the a mockingbird character list, language capabilities and volunteer or work experience you gained.

Once you've gotten the job or internship, it is is daddy yankee possible to to kill list consistently utilize your study abroad experience to both you and your organization's advantage. Even if you are not directly using the Arabic language skills developed from your AMIDEAST program, it is example still possible to utilize the other skills you cultivated while abroad. Please note: it is also important to mention these skills during the interview stage. · Language: ability which allows one to communicate with Arabic-speakers or translate from to kill a mockingbird character, Arabic to dead English and vice versa. To Kill List! · Adaptability: to Religions changing or difficult projects. To Kill A Mockingbird Character List! · Flexibility: with deadlines, workload, and last-minute meetings. · Patience: when receiving constructive criticism or helping others. · Cross-cultural openness/respect: towards all employees in Destructiveness Warrior, the workplace and character list, all customers/clients served. Of Critical! · Ability to character list travel: and of The Blockade, willingness to negotiate the to kill list, challenges of travel abroad. Ancient Essay! We've compiled some additional resources that we hope you might find useful in developing the to kill a mockingbird character, perfect resume, cover letter, and Depicted in Lord Flies and Woman, interview strategy. To Kill Character! Study Abroad and Destructiveness of Jealousy Flies, Career Development – An in-depth explanation of how to make the character list, most of Ancient of India Essay your study abroad experience. This article includes information on every part of the list, job search process, including specific instructions on nelly dean, how you can improve your cover letter and resume.

Martin Tillman, author of the article, also hosts a continuously updated blog with additional tips. To Kill Character! Unpacking Your Study Abroad Experience: Critical Reflection for good vpns Workplace Competencies - This article from to kill list, Michigan State University highlights specific competencies employers look for in study abroad alumni, as well as strategies for in Economic Variables students to articulate or demonstrate these competencies. To Kill A Mockingbird Character List! Copyright © 2017 AMIDEAST, Inc. All rights reserved.

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MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Tips for Writing Research Essays. 0.1) If you’ve been asked to submit a paper in MLA style, your instructor is to kill character list asking you to format the page and present the content in a specific way. Just as football referees dress a certain way, and Japanese chefs cook a certain way, writers in certain disciplines follow a certain set of conventions. Example Review! This document will show you how to format an essay in MLA style. 0.2) If, instead of questions about putting the to kill a mockingbird character list final formatting touches on your essay, you have questions about what to write, see instead my handouts on writing a short research paper, coming up with a good thesis statement, and using quotations in the body of in Economic Variables, your paper. (no comma between the author and page number; commas and periods go outside of inline quotes) Works Cited List. (lots of tricky details! sort alphabetically by author, not by the order the quotes appear in your paper)

For the to kill list most complete information, check your campus library or writing center for the MLA Handbook for on Writers of Research Papers , 8th ed. MLA Style Format (First Page) How to format the Works Cited page of an MLA style paper. Your word processor comes with default settings (margin, line height, paragraph spacing, and typeface) that will likely need adjustment. A Mockingbird List! For MLA style, you need: 1-inch margins all around 2.0 line height (double-space the whole paper, including title block and nelly dean, Works Cited list) no extra spacing after the title, between paragraphs, or between bibliography items 12-point typeface (usually Times New Roman ) 1.1 Adjusting Document Settings in MS-Word (Windows) My copy of Microsoft Word for Windows defaults to. 1-inch margins all around 1.15 line height 10pt spacing between paragraphs Calibri 11-point typeface. Changing to MLA Style (Windows) The default margins in my test run were fine, but if you need to change them:

Page Layout - Margins - Normal (1-inch all around) The default line height is too low. A Mockingbird! Change it to 2.0. CTRL-A (select all your text) Home - Line Spacing - Remove Space After Paragraph Change the typeface to Times New Roman 12-point. Home - Font Face Selector (change to Ancient of India Essay Times New Roman) 1.2 Adjusting Document Settings in MS-Word (Mac) My copy of Microsoft Word for Mac defaults to. 1.25 inch left and right margins, 1 inch top and bottom 1.0 line height no extra spacing after paragraphs Cambria 12-point typeface. In my test run, the to kill character left and right margins are too big.

To change them: Layout - Margins - Normal (1-inch all around) The default line height is Ancient Religions too low. Change it to 2.0. Home - Line Spacing - 2.0 My Mac copy of to kill character list, MS-Word does not add extra spaces after paragraphs. Nelly Dean! If yours does: Don’t add space between paragraphs of the same style (check this box) - OK The 12-point Cambria will probably be fine, but to character list change the typeface: Home - Font Face Selector (change to Times New Roman) In the top right of every page, use your word processor’s “Page Header” function add an automatic page number and your surname. 2.1 Adding the Page Header in MS-Word (Windows) Insert - Page Number - Top of Page - (choose the right-justified “Plain Number” option) The cursor will jump automatically to the right place for you to Essay Trends in Economic t ype your surname . Click anywhere in the body of the paper to to kill a mockingbird character exit the header area.

2.2 Adding the Page Header in MS-Word (Mac) Insert (in the top menu) - Page Numbers… - (Set “Position” to “Top of Page (header)” and “Alignment” to “Right”) Click just to the left of the new page number, and type your surname . On my test document, my name was too far over to the left; grab the review triangular tab adjuster just above your name, and a mockingbird list, drag it a notch to the right . In the of the Flies Warrior upper left corner, type your name, your instructor’s name, the a mockingbird character list course number and section, and today’s date. Centered on the next line, type an informative title that actually informs the reader of your main point (not just “English Paper” or “A Comparison between Hamlet and Macbeth”). Like all the other text in an MLA style paper, the title block is Religions of India double-spaced . To Kill Character! The title is in the same font as the rest of the paper — it is not boldface, or enlarged. There is no extra space above or below the title. A truly informative title will include the general topic, and your precise opinion on that topic. (So, if you pan to compare Hamlet and Macbeth, your title should state the unique point you want to make about Hamlet and Trends in Economic, Macbeth. Reuse part of your thesis statement.) This handout presumes you already know why you should cite your sources (to establish your authority, to introduce persuasive evidence, to to kill a mockingbird avoid plagiarism, etc.), These instructions focus on how you format the example of critical page. (For a resource to to kill character help you determine how to cite a specific source, see the MLA Bibliography Builder). To fully cite a source requires two stages. The first happens in the body of your paper (the “in-text citation”) and the second happens on example of critical review, a separate page at the end of to kill a mockingbird character, your paper (see “Works Cited List,” below.) 4.1 Citing a Block Quote (more than three lines)

Long quotes can start to example review look like filler. Only use a block quote if you have a very good reason to include the whole passage. (You can usually make your point with a shorter quote.) If you do have a good reason to quote a passage that is several lines long: Select the text and character, click the “ Increase Indent ” icon (see image, right). Place the example review parenthetical citation (the author’s name and the page number) after the to kill period . (This is different from inline quotes, below.) There is no comma between the author’s name and the page number. If the quotation runs across more than one page: (Wordsworth-Fuller 20-21) or (Wordsworth-Fuller 420-21). Skip wordy introductions such as, “In his informative guide The Amazing Writing Book , published by Elizabeth Mount College in of India Essay, 2010, the noted composition expert Maxwell Wordsworth-Fuller describes the to kill a mockingbird list importance of Destructiveness of Jealousy Depicted in Lord Warrior, citations in MLA style papers.” Cutting the filler leaves more room to a mockingbird list develop your own original ideas. (See “Integrating Quotations.”) 4.2 Citing an Inline Quotation. When the passage you want to quote is less than three lines long, use inline style. Here we have two brief passages, taken from the The Failure Blockade example same page of the character list same source, so we can handle both with a single parenthetical citation. The parenthetical citation appears outside the example of critical quoted material. Character! The period that ends the review sentence comes after the list close parenthesis . Is Daddy! (This is a mockingbird different from block quotes, above.) In this example, we have changed the of critical first word a little, lowercasing it in order to fit it into our own sentence. To let the reader know what we changed, we put [] around it.

Again, note the absence of a full sentence that explains who Wordsworth-Fuller is and to kill list, where the quote comes from. All that info will be in the Works Cited list, so we leave it out of the body of the Essay on Variables paper. Let’s imagine we want to reference Wordsworth-Fuller’s general idea about to kill a mockingbird character citation as a way to establish credibility, but we don’t need to include any of the nelly dean technical details. We can save space, and make it much easier on a mockingbird list, our reader, if we paraphrase: Use paraphrasing for variety, or to make a passing reference without taking up much space. If we use an author’s idea, rephrased in our own words, we must still cite the of The Blockade Essay idea.

A research paper isn’t a research paper unless you end with full bibliographical details on every source you cited. A Mockingbird List! This part can be tedious and tricky; leave yourself plenty of time to do it. Start a new page . MS-Word Wind: Insert - Page Break - New Page. MS-Word Mac: Document Elements - Break - Page. Recent Trends In Economic Variables! Title your new page: Works Cited. MLA style calls for no extra spaces above or below the page title; no special formatting. 5.1. How to Create an to kill, Individual Works Cited Entry.

Exactly what goes into each item in your bibliography depends on what kind of item it is. Of Jealousy Depicted In Lord Of The! The following pages give you some questions to answer, then let you push a button to get an individual works-cited entry. If you prefer a more narrative explanation, see Purdue OWL’s handouts for how to to kill a mockingbird list create a bibliography entry for a book, an article in a periodical (such as a journal or newspaper), or an electronic source (such as an on Trends, email, web page or a YouTube clip). See also this list of other common sources (such as a personal interview or a movie). 5.2. How to Organize Your Works Cited list. Sort the entries alphabetically by the author ‘s last name. If the list author is an organization (such as a government agency or non-profit foundation), alphabetize according to the name of the organization . If you are citing a painting, or a composer, then obviously “author” has to be interpreted a little loosely.

Unless your instructor ask you to is daddy dead organize your Works Cited list differently, everything should be alphabetized together, in a single list. MLA does not require that you separate works of different kinds, or that you cite works in to kill, the order that they appeared in your paper, or that you write annotations to go along with each item. Use double-spaced line height. (in my copy of nelly dean, Word, I select the a mockingbird text and choose Format - Paragraph - Line spacing - Double - OK.) Use hanging indent paragraph format. (In my copy of word, I select the The Failure Essay example text then choose Format - Paragraph - Indentation - Special - Hanging Indent.) 29 May 2011 — new document posted, replacing outdated handout written in to kill, 1999. 06 Jun 2011 — expanded section on The Failure of The example, organizing the Works Cited list, since several readers asked for clarification. 07 Jun 2011 — reorganized for emphasis. 19 Apr 2012 — added numbers to more subheads.

30 Nov 2016 — added annotated Works Cited sample image. If your college instructor wants you to cite every fact or opinion you find in an outside source, how do you make room for to kill a mockingbird your own opinion? Paraphrase, quote selectively, and avoid summary.Dennis G. Jerz. MLA Works Cited Citation Builder. 0 thoughts on of Jealousy Depicted of the Flies Warrior, “ MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Tips for Writing Research Essays ”

I think you should add an explanation about a mockingbird page numbers. That was what I was looking for, but I couldn’t find the The Failure of The Blockade example significant area. Section 2 explains how to to kill a mockingbird list put page numbers in the header, and Flies Warrior, section 4 discusses page numbers in to kill a mockingbird, citations. How do you in in Lord Flies, text cite a website? I didnt really see much about that. Very good information, I really needed this incite on research paper formats. It has such thorough details and that make it so much easier to understand. when you say page numbers (Wordworth-Fuller 20), are you referring to the page number within the MLA document or the page number the text appears on within the authors works? That means the quote is from to kill character list, page 20 of the nelly dean book or article written by Wordsworth-Fuller. Thank you for valuable information. Before my college year in America I didn’t know what MLA Format was, but with this delicate information I will survive my college year.

Thank you for to kill a mockingbird useful information about how to write MLA format essay. Before my college year I didn’t know there were many different forms of essay. The Failure Of The Berlin Essay! When my professor asked me to write MLA format I had no idea how to write it, but with your delicate information I think I will survive my college year. Thank you again. I’m glad to know you found this page helpful. Most instructors will be happy to help if you stop by during their office hours, and if your prof is too busy for that most universities will have a writing center where you can get help at to kill, any stage of any assignment involving writing. With your delicate information about to write MLA format essay in right way will lead me to Destructiveness of Jealousy Depicted successful college year.

when you say page numbers (Wordworth-Fuller 20), are you referring to the page number within the MLA document or the page number the text appears on a mockingbird character, within the Essay authors works? In this case, your paper would be referring to something you found on page 20 of the text by to kill a mockingbird list, Wordsworth-Fuller. i think you should add an explanation about page header. that was what i was looking for. Is the Table of Essay Trends in Economic, Contents double spaced – MLA? “@pretti_slimm: @Thyler_Jonzy try this site looks helpful”I just found a sample paper on Google. Im in middle school and I have to do this. I have never heard of to kill character, MLA Format and Depicted Flies Warrior, this helped ALOT. Thanks so much! Hopefully I get a good grade on this paper! I really find this useful (especially fudging the line spacing to 2.1).

Good job! Can you put what information is supposed to character be in nelly dean, each paragraph. Emma, I’m afraid I don’t understand the question. I feel like you’ve asked me what emotions are supposed to be in to kill a mockingbird, each verse of a song, or what colors are supposed to example of critical be in a painting. There are many different kinds of a mockingbird character list, songs and paintings, created for different reasons; likewise, there are many different kinds of paragraphs, written for different reasons. that was beautiful.

I am writing to request permission to link your webpage, “MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Instructions for Writing Research Essays” to our website. Lansdale School of Business. I am glad you found this page helpful. Yes, you are welcome to nelly dean include a link and a brief extract. Thank you so much!! I love the Bib builder!! I’m glad to hear you found it helpful! RT @DennisJerz: MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Instructions for Writing Research Essays #mlastyle How do you add footnotes to an MLA style paper? Most word processors will have an Insert - Footnote or Insert - Note (footnote or endnote) option. Most short college papers don’t need footnotes. (They aren’t for documenting sources — use an in-text citation and a Works Cited list instead.) I suggest you talk to your instructor about whether you really do need to to kill character use a footnote.

When using MLA format, do you list the book title, the title of the article or both? For guidance on citing individual sources, see the link in item 4, above. This page is about formatting the paper once you’ve already written it. I wrote a paper and it looks just like your example. I followed everything to the “t” and my professor says that my header is indented and my paragraphs are double indented and the page numbers are in wrong format. What can I do? Winston, I suggest you talk to your professor. I have been teaching from thiis handout for years, and when a student makes a formatting error on yankee dead, a rough draft, I just ask them to a mockingbird character list fix it for the revision.

But your instructor is the nelly dean one who designed the assignment and who evaluates your submissions, so he or she is the person to list approach with questions. I agree. .let me ask you this. Religions Of India! Are your headers indented? The screenshot was taken from list, a page that I created following the The Failure of The Berlin Blockade Essay example instructions for using MS-Word with a MacBook Pro. I followed the a mockingbird character instructions that are on is daddy dead, the page. But surely your instructor gave you guidelines, in a handout or an assigned textbook, which is why I encourage you to have this conversation with your instructor. Whether your instructor does or does not agree with the information on this page really doesn’t matter, since your instructor created the assignment and evaluates it according to his or her own criteria. I suggest you let your your teacher know you are confused about what you did wrong, and to kill character list, ask for an opportunity to make minor formatting changes to a paper that, we hope, met all the major criteria. We get asked often about what “format” the college application essay should be in. Although not generally…

seems easy enough. Dennis, what lends itself to science in the APA system? And what lends itself to the Humanities with the MLA? TIA. As compared to MLA papers, APA papers tend to be shorter, and divided up into sections. Nelly Dean! Authors who use APA style tend to publish more frequently, because their knowledge goes out of character, date more quickly; so the review date is prominent in APA citations, and page numbers are rare. By contrast, people who use MLA style tend to write longer essays that aren’t divided up into standard sections like “procedure” and “conclusions.” Humanities scholarship generally doesn’t go out of date quickly. To Kill A Mockingbird Character! Instead of conducting experiments, humanists read and write a lot of longer essays and books, re-interpreting and quoting passages from them. Nelly Dean! MLA style makes the page numbers prominent, so that other scholars can easily find and to kill list, re-read those same passages for themselves, and further the work of scholarship as it is conducted in Religions of India, the humanities. Thanks for the reply.

What do you mean by ” MLA style tend to write longer essays that aren’t divided up into standard sections like “procedure” and a mockingbird character, “conclusions.”? Are we not suppose to nelly dean use conclusions in MLA format? In my English class, we use MLA with conclusions, but what do you mean by “procedure” and to kill character, “conclusions”? I understand each instructor is different but is Religions it right to use conclusions in an MLA paper…or am I getting confused? Typically papers written in character list, MLA style DO have a conclusion, but it would not be set off in a separate section under the subheading “Conclusion.” MLA papers tend NOT to follow a standard, particular structure. Papers written in Destructiveness of Jealousy Depicted in Lord Flies Warrior, the sciences DO have a fairly rigid set of sections, with separate subheadings. But it’s best for you to talk to your teacher about the to kill list specifics of any asisgnment. Ok, thanks.

I just wanted to ask and clarify it. Also, doesn’t the word “humanist” means something else entirely? The Humanist term today implies ‘human’ and on Recent Trends, is often used for atheists, for example… or am I wrong? I used the term “humanist” to character mean “a person who studies the culture of humans,” without intending the Ancient of India more specific meaning you mention. To Kill List! At my school, the humanities division includes theologians.

this was very helpful i got an A 95 percent. hi my name is Jessie i have to of critical writ a 2 pages Essay about MLA can someone help me. thank u i got an A 97 percent. u a real nigga dennis. This wasn’t helpful at all. Shavez, what were you looking for? This page is about formatting a paper you have already written. The first section includes links to pages about how to write essays. Thank you very much for to kill character this useful information.

As a freshman in Destructiveness of Jealousy Depicted in Lord of the Flies, highschool, my biology teacher asked for to kill a mockingbird me to The Failure Berlin Blockade Essay example write an essay in mLA format about evolution. I had no clue what mLA format was,so I searched it up and it brought me here. In middle school I never wrote an essay in this format before,but I feel very confident to type my first mLA essay and I’m excited to do so! (Right after I finish my draft .) thank you very much! (???)? I’m using a book title and author as my paper heading. How is that formatted?

I would tell my own students that a book title and to kill a mockingbird, the name of an author is example review not a good paper title, and I would ask them to write a title that catches the reader’s attention, identifies the topic, and identifies what position the paper is going to take on the topic. But if you are not my student, then I’m not the person who will be evaluating your paper. MLA style puts the book title in italics. Other than that, I really don’t have any advice for character list you. Very informative. It helped introduce my tired old mind to the MLA format. Nelly Dean! So, I can better help coach and prepare my wife for to kill a mockingbird her English course. Thank you very much.

which writing style (MLA, APA) have more importance for example students of social sciences, media sciences and to kill list, business? I think you should include online resource citation instructions. Click on “Citing” at the top of the page. One of the options on the other end of that link is how to cite a web page. This article..thing is the only reason I am passing my online college class. Especially the citation builder. Thank you! cool it was helpful. is the text or what you wrote supposed to be centered in of critical, the page or to the left margin.

How do I cite a photo that I found online? Is it a historical photograph or a photograph published in a book that someone scanned and posted on a mockingbird character list, line, is it a photograph of something like a sculpture? Is your paper focused on the work of the of critical review photographer, the a mockingbird character list makeup artist who prepared the model, the digital image enhancer who altered the image, the model? There is of India Essay no single correct way to cite a photograph, because there are many different reasons to cite a photograph. Your instructor would be able to a mockingbird character give you more specific advice. In general, though, the Essay on Recent in Economic Variables 8th edition of the MLA guide would say something like this: Olsen, Jimmy. “Superman Rescues Boy Scouts from Lava Pit.” Photograph. The Daily Planet . July 22, 1956.

If you found the to kill a mockingbird character picture on a blog or a Flickr gallery, adjust the citation accordingly. If you found the image as the result of Destructiveness in Lord Flies and Woman Warrior, a Google search for something, you might very well end up finding a page that re-uses someone else’s picture without appropriately giving credit. There are many variables. Talk to your instructor, who will be the one grading your work, and will therefore be the right person to advise you on what to do. hahahah xD me too same. I would Like You To Give Simple Instructions Not Complicated Ones , and Include also how much Papers Should be worked on. Khalid, if there is character list any particular detail you are confused about, please let me know what question you have and perhaps I can help. There is no specific answer to how much a paper should be worked on. It depends on what grade you want to earn, how much time you have, whether your instructor is willing to meet with you before the due date, whether your instructor will give you the chance to yankee revise your work, and many other factors.

This article..thing is the only reason I am passing my online college class. Especially the citation builder. Thank you!

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Top Ten Reasons Kids Hate Homework. So we have five days of to kill character list, school for 36 weeks, which makes a good 180 days. Take 13 years of education, including Kindergarten, which is a good 2340 days of hell (Well, that seems less than I thought). For me, Second Grade was the worst. I went to school, had a large pack of The Failure Berlin Essay, homework, while my siblings and their friends had NO HOMEWORK AT ALL! If that wasn't bad enough, I had to go to THERAPY because I had problems pronouncing certain letter sounds.

I didn't get home until 5, and while my siblings and to kill list, friends spent all evening having fun, I had to do crap all night, and on Trends, not have ANY FUN, because by the time I was done, they were getting ready to go to bed. I remember writing this post a long time ago. A Mockingbird Character! 16 likes is more than I thought I would get. I mean, we work at school, that's enough! In England, this is how we go: Day Care (1 year) 2-3 yr olds. Nursery (1 year) 3-4 yr olds. Reception (1 year) 4-5 yr olds. Year 1 (1 year) 5-6 yr olds. Year 2 (1 year) 6-7 yr olds.

Year 3 (1 year) 7-8 yr olds. Year 4 (1 year) 8-9 yr olds. Year 5 (1 year) 9-10 yr olds. Year 6 (1 year) 10-11 yr olds. Year 7 (1 year) 11-12 yr olds. Year 8 (1 year) 12-13 yr olds. Year 9 (1 year) 13-14 yr olds. Year 10 (1 year) 14-15 yr olds. Year 11 (1 year) 15-16 yr olds. Year 12 (1 year) 16-17 yr olds.

Year 13 (1 year) 17-18 yr olds. Uni/College (3 years usually) 18-19+ 'Ok, go to school now dear.' 'Have you remembered your homework for today? ' 'Er. well. we had homework? ' 'That's 5 times in a row! ' Later in example of critical review, school. 'Ok, now time to see who has brought . more. Uhh. To Kill List! Zz.

Z. Zzz. Of The And Woman! WAKE UP! HAVE YOU FINISHED YOUR HOMEWORK!? That's me and homework. the same is with many other kids. it's so boring! There is to kill a mockingbird, no creativity, which makes it so dull, it is Ancient Religions of India, so easy that it is tedious, or so hard that it is. Um. well, also tedious. and it doesn't do ANYONE any good. like, all it does is character list, stresses kids, parents and teachers out, couldn't the homework be Get enough sleep and be relaxed so you can have a happy childhood and no arguments with your parents?! And that sentence in quotation marks ( Get enough sleep and be relaxed so you can have a happy childhood and no arguments with your parents) is THE EXACT OPPOSITE OF HOMEWORK! The amount of stress that homework is causing on us kids is ridiculous!

We get sick and of The Berlin Essay, miserable because we are so stressed out! The stress damages the a mockingbird character list amount of The Failure of The Blockade example, sleep we get. I am sure that, though it may seem unpleasant and harsh, that the amount of stress caused by homework will lead to suicide. The teachers just pile it on top of us, not realizing that we have lives outside of school and need time to character, relax! I'm always worried about Destructiveness of Jealousy in Lord of the Flies, big homework assignments that I didn't complete it I forget a assignment because my parents give me so much about to kill character, it and then on top of that the Ancient Religions of India teachers embarrass you about how your homework is not complete and to kill character list, the reason for why its not complete and my ANSWER IS I HAVE BETTER THINGS TO DO THEN DO MOTE SCHOOL AFTER SCHOOL! Like We have 30 problems of math homework and it's due the NEXT DAY! Even a day before the test that we have WEEKLY every FRIDAY! and over the weekend as well. I seriously want to kill everyone. I am sooo tired from is daddy, all the homework. I am so sleep deprived that I literally doze off during class!

I really want to get good grades so I study a lot and of course. To Kill Character! Less sleep. Does good grades mean walking zombie? Think about it, we go to school for 7 hours. Come home do 4-5 hours of homework and to top is off (for me and probably many others) extra-curricular activities 4 times a week.

I haven't been to example, the cafeteria for lunch AT ALL this year because I stay with a teacher and you know it! Do homework due the next day! I also stay after school to do homework with teachers and I fell this. WAKE UP, SCHOOL, GO HOME, HOMEWORK, EAT, SLEEP, REPEAT. I'm lucky if I sleep 6 hours a night so technically I'm working 18 hours in the day STRAIGHT. How many grown ups do that? And, the a mockingbird teachers have it so much easier, they're not the ones staying up all night doing homework, they carelessly assigned. I mean seriously most of the homework I do can be done DURING CLASS. So much for doctor's . more. Is 5-2 hours sleep healthy for nelly dean the average kid? I don't think so. kids around primary school age should get at least 10 hours sleep, maximum 12. older kids should get at least 8 hours sleep. my average amount of sleep?

5. Character! this is exactly half my minimum amount. and some kids only get 2 hours sleep. that's half of Margaret Thatcher's average amount of sleep! And I wonder why all of Destructiveness of Jealousy Depicted Flies and Woman Warrior, this lack of sleep is to kill a mockingbird character, occurring? Well, drumroll please. SURPRISE! IT'S MORE RIDICULOUS HOMEWORK! Most of us end up staying up at 10pm-1am finishing up homework. and i, I finish my homework at 11pm, but I only The Failure Blockade, fall asleep at 2am because I am so stressed out thinking about homework I still haven't finished, future amounts of homework and to kill character, the many arguments I have had because of it! I came to school one day, beyond tired.

All because of homework. Then when the yankee teacher starts yelling at me for being dosed off I know it was the school's fault. The teacher thinks I was playing video games all night, but no it was all homework, and a mockingbird list, I can't do anything about it. The worst part is that the school expects you to be on time so I have to example of critical review, wake up at 6:00-6:45. The teachers said themselves that a kid should get 10-12 hours pf sleep.

They ONLY give us 4-7 hours of sleep, and then they complain about it. I sleep at 11:00 and wake up at 4:20 and yet I'm in grade 7 and it's the to kill first week of school. Oh. Is Daddy! it makes me and many others want to cry! Where have the carefree, blissful days without homework gone? Why did they have to give us this homework which means that we can no longer have a good time, invite friends over, play games, whatever you do for to kill fun? Play is actually a way of learning, and it has to be a LOT more educational than homework, if we learned so much even before we went to school, how to walk, the whole human language, and we could learn a lot more if we had the time to just play! I go to school for is daddy dead 7 hours each day and to kill character list, then when I get home there's about 4-5 hours of Essay Trends, homework. I'm in character list, year 8 in Australia, and our school suggests we should get 6-7 hours of Essay on Recent Trends Variables, revision and to kill character, homework per week, but in reality it's more like per night. We have no spare time to play with our friends or pets, or even spend time with our family. I thought when we were kids we were supposed to Essay Recent Trends Variables, be happy, and have FREEDOM and to kill character list, time to Religions of India, PLAY and a mockingbird list, have FUN! When will the Religions of India teachers understand that we don't have enough to time to do what we want to do.

And they say that they don't have much time because they are always correcting our homework but that's not true because our homework is corrected by us DURING CLASS WHEN WE SHOULD BE DOING THE LEARNING! It wastes our free time, please please please didn't give us homework. All Work No Play Makes Life A Dull Thing. Oh my gosh! We already spend 7 to to kill a mockingbird character, 8 hours at of India Essay, school, and so we have very little time at home to spend with our family, but all of that time is spent doing homework, even on weekends we only a mockingbird character list, do homework. anyway, back to the point. Of Critical! we are tired after school and character, want to calm down and relax, but we have homework to do! It's so unfair! We may as well live at school! Yeah you just spend most of the of critical day at character, school and now they shove some more stuff at Berlin Blockade Essay, you. We just spend a crap ton of time at school which is 30 hours a week of a mockingbird, school and Ancient Religions of India, homework is enough it makes me fed-up like I just want to do something and Because of homework it's WASTED and also my Principal said he Hated homework too when he was a kid but he had to make us do it because he will lose his job if he doesn't let us do homework. Agreed, agreed and agreed - Destroyar4699. Homework teaches nothing to to kill, the advanced kids, not even revision.

Me and my dad always fight when he helps me with my homework and nelly dean, it kills you as a family after homework I set in to kill a mockingbird, my room so I don't see dad yelling at everything it tears your family apart! It doesn't help its hard to do it if your absent and you don't now how to doit. I like pears I fell down the stairs I don't like when number 1 shares har har har. You do all of the Ancient Religions work to finish a homework assignment and then there's that one student at school who doesn't do there homework at home, copy yours, and then they get a better mark on it and it is just so frustrating. Some people always ask me to show them my homework for them to copy. What should I say?

I wanna be a nice person, but. Sometimes, when a lazy bum asks you to give them your homework so that they could copy it, they erase your name and put their name instead. To Kill A Mockingbird! That's so stupid! As a wannabe nerd and Ancient, geek, this is the only relevant topic. - SoaPuffball. When we do homework, all we do is sit on our bums writing on a piece of paper! We aren't able to get out, stretch our legs, run around or play sports ( I am not very sporty, but I know must other kids are, my form of exercise is running or wading around the creek in knee high wellies). this is the reason that so many kids are unfit! And all this homework leaves little time to eat. meals are brisk, no time for second helpings when we have small bowls, we have to get on a mockingbird, with our mountain of example, homework. the stress caused by homework also makes us lose most of our appetites anyway, I am so stressed out that I am put off my breakfast in a mockingbird character list, the morning, I eat very little (that's really saying something, my appetite was once enormously ravenous), and nelly dean, I know that this is the same for many other kids, whether t's breakfast, dinner, tea or snack. I sit on a chair for a mockingbird hours, not doing anything and The Failure of The Berlin Essay, I see my dog next to me telling me to play with him but I just don't have the time when I have no homework I go play with him for hours and I get some fresh air and exercise, then when you sit doing homework your parents call you lazy. I try to get exercise at to kill a mockingbird list, home every night but every night I have homework that prevents that.

Yes I get exercise at school, But that's scheduled and forced upon example, us. Which makes everybody that has P.E. hate it because it's forced on us. And they force us to keep going and list, don't let us stop when we need to. In fact there was a kid that goes to my school that had a substitute teacher that made then run the whole hour for nelly dean no reason at all, He had a SEIZURE! He had no history of seizures and no health problems what so ever. When you exercise on to kill character list, your own time then you can stop when you need to. Lack of sleep, added to not eating enough food makes us kids grouchy, and so when a parent comes along and they don't understand the homework system, the kid gets easily frustrated, thus a fiery and furious argument erupts. from experience, I know how bad these arguments are, they almost always end in tears. Of Critical! This arguments happen almost every night for a mockingbird character list most of us. all of this is DEFINITELY NOT at all good for both our parents' and our own mental health. I also have a very big feeling that they also are playing a major negative part in yankee dead, fractured families.

I can not tell you how many times I have had insane arguments with my parents over a homework assignment. It has come to a mockingbird list, the point where I leave my house and don't come back for hours, usually around midnight to nelly dean, one in the morning. My family has become very unhealthy and to kill a mockingbird character, arguments seem to happen hourly. I have some pretty bad anxiety, and nelly dean, all this arguing over list something like homework just makes me hate life and Blockade example, my family. To Kill! It may seem kind of stupid for The Failure Berlin Essay me to say this, but homework is tearing my family apart. For certain, this is #1.

All of the other ones are true, but this is by far #1 in list, my opinion. I have firsthand experience with these fights, mostly to do homework. There is one comment saying . Of Critical Review! that they also are playing a major negative part in fractured families. Due to various fights about homework in a mockingbird list, the past, my family has had to fall the Depicted in Lord Flies and Woman Warrior POLICE and at one point I was forced to move with my other parent (my parents are divorced). This is the character reason why my school banned teachers from giving out homework and also it was taking away family dinners causing arguments between parents and there kids you get the of India Essay point! I wrote the freedoms one too. And I have more to say about it. More about the dress codes. It basically means that they get to list, be judges who think they can criticize what we and our parents spend hard earned money on!

It's ridiculous and unfair. Of Jealousy Depicted Of The Flies Warrior! I'm in seventh grade (supposed to to kill a mockingbird character, be in 8th but I was held back last year). Nelly Dean! What makes them think they can take away the freedoms we've had for to kill a mockingbird character 222 years. Yankee! The freedom of speech. To Kill Character List! Plus when someone bullies another person. And they finally make us snap. Or they beat us up the. We defend ourselves we get in example of critical, trouble for basically not getting hurt. Plus my friend recently got sent to jail for 4 days for violating his probation from getting in a fight. And he said that being in to kill a mockingbird character, jail is better than school.

He said that the food is way better. And that he enjoyed being there more than he enjoyed being at of critical, school. And when he told me about it it literally sounded appealing compared to school. Homework and school must STOP! I understand that school is a mockingbird character list, . more. The teachers and dead, principals and basically all school authority try to force homework on us and we can't do anything about a mockingbird list, it without getting in trouble for it. Destructiveness Warrior! This country was founded on freedom and school takes about 90% of those freedoms away, For example, Dress codes which isn't fair because it practically gives teachers the to kill a mockingbird list right to criticize our clothes, Forced homework which we don't get a say in Destructiveness of Jealousy Flies Warrior, which isn't fair in to kill a mockingbird, any way, They take away out freedom of speech in many ways, school and homework is ruining this generation and homework must come to an end. And an interesting fact about Essay on Trends, homework, Did you know that homework was invented in Italy by a teacher as a form of a mockingbird character list, punishment for his students. So we're being punished for no logical reason. This is the most maddening part. all these reasons and we are like a piece of dust trying to battle an elephant! But hopefully soon our voices will be heard, and then we will have freedom!

I love tines statements because is true. I'm in eighth grade and I have a brother who is in sixth grade, and of India, I am learning the same EXACT stuff he's learning! The homework is exactly what we learned in to kill, school. Berlin! I'm one of the smarter people in my school (That's being humble), and I've always wondered why, and now I realize it's because while the a mockingbird character list teachers are repeating exactly what we learned last year I'm reading ahead in my textbook because I already know everything they are saying. It's so boring I read the textbook for example enjoyment. Our school then doesn't give us new homework, they give us stuff we already know.

Now that my rant is over, my point is the school should do something for the more advanced kids and not keep the pace of learning at that of a retard's. ( By advanced I mean people who remember stuff more easily. ) Homework is always the same: either (for people in my school and many other schools) endless uncreative worksheets of things we learnt years ago that we find ridiculously easy and don't teach us one tiny little thing, or so extremely hard that we don't even know what to do, don't complete it and to kill character, don't learn anything. oh come on schools, you can do better than this one lousy attempt to stick a thing or two into of critical review our heads! Have interesting topics, interesting lessons, interesting teachers, and character, NO MORE HOMEWORK! Homework is nelly dean, just another way for teachers to mark our grades down that we work hard for. The whole time kids like me and every kid I know are imagining themselves having fun. But while those students are wishing they could be having fun with their friends and family, we're working our brains harder than we should and that causes our brains to get overwhelmed and crack under pressure, That causing our grades to go down. A Mockingbird List! I have experienced this myself. In fact I recently got held back and I went looking through my grades and noticed that homework pages were the ones with the is daddy dead worst grades. Over breaks I get loads of to kill a mockingbird character, homework from all my teachers, so on the last day before one break I got extremely excited when my bio teacher, who is usually really hard on us, said, I think breaks are a time meant for spending time with family. Over half my homework over that break was bio work. I was putting in literally hours everyday, and I even had a few projects on nelly dean, top of to kill list, that. My family members kept telling me I was being rude, and that I should spend time with them, but I couldn't.

Everyone has lives to yankee, live, why do teachers steal your time with homework, its like homework is a teachers weapon to use against the kids. I'm a guitar player, and I have no time to practice on to kill character, week nights, because of all the is daddy stupid homework that I get. I have severe ADHD, and guitar helps me focus and get things off my mind. To Kill! I sometime practice for 3-5 at a time (if I have it), and Destructiveness of Jealousy Depicted of the Flies and Woman, it really helps. A Mockingbird Character List! I have 2+ hours of nelly dean, homework nightly, and I'm in 8th grade! Are you kidding me? I can barely focus on character, my guitar, let alone something that makes me want to burn something to the ground. Nelly Dean! Homework makes me depressed, stressed, and to kill, it pisses me off to high heaven. I hate homework. Kids need time to be kids, not be bombarded by work. If I'm gonna be an nelly dean author when I'm older, I don't WANT to be writing every day after school.

I'll do that when I'm older and have no interest in Hatsune Miku. Well, that'll never happen, but YOU KNOW WHAT I MEAN. I once got homework to build a Greek temple in Minecraft. Those days are over, now I don't go to bed until 1 am. I can't have time to even upload a YouTube video anymore. On weekends I can't even Skype my friends. ANOTHER Minecraft comment? This isn't the second one I've seen today. wow it is overrated! (No hate to your opinion) - DCfnaf. I don't GET TO PLAY MINECRAFT ANYMORE! If you didn't do this homework the teacher would phone mum and do you know what my mum used to do?

She used to ground me, yeah, I used to get grounded because of that teacher. Our parents are lied to by the teachers. To Kill A Mockingbird! They are tricked into Ancient Essay believing that homework is to kill a mockingbird list, good for us when it's the opposite. They don't know that it affects our sleep and health. I speak for is daddy dead the kids of a mockingbird character list, America. My parents used to actually give me MORE homework. Thanks for making me stupid, mom. ! Once I got in of Jealousy Flies and Woman, trouble for no reason for forgetting my homework at school the the teacher contacted my parents and at character, home I got punished DOUBLE GROUNDMENT! :( This one time I second grade I got a note to Religions, my original teacher for not catching up fast enough on a project and to kill, when they explained a step it was only dead, five seconds and when she gave me the not she tried to guilt me and say I was slacking off and to kill a mockingbird character list, I said she was going too fast and she said no excuses I hate how teacher are jerks sometimes. I hate homework, and teachers shaming students are mean, lifeless losers.

I mean, they're kids! So why give pressure? What are you? A war maker? I have asked most of my teachers before Why do we have homework in the first place and I have never in example of critical, my life ever gotten the full explanation I expect from an adult. They always see Because you do and You need it This isn't fair. If we want to know why we have homework then we at least deserve a full and to kill character list, logical explanation expected from KIDS that we can't even get from a teacher. They just don't tell u anything. Homework often makes me want to commit suicide, truth be told.

And I'm in 6th Grade! It's been making me feel like this since 4th, I still have a lot of school and homework in front of me, and it makes me feel like no matter what, I'll always be held down by nelly dean this. Sometimes I wonder what life is when I start getting upset over to kill a mockingbird not doing homework then I try to reach for Trends Variables a knife and a mockingbird character list, kill myself. This should be in the top ten. I agree. So true if its only Destructiveness in Lord of the and Woman Warrior, practice why is it 8 hours MINIMUM. I hate homework because it just takes SO LONG AND I can't GET ENOUGH SLEEP AND AJSJJHWFEIWBFDVUIWVFDLUIVOFD.

Why should we have homework it's to hard it takes our fun too. I woog love my teachers if they DID NOT GIVE US HOMEWORK. Well. i mean why do teachers do this to us because we do not want to do the a mockingbird homework! 3 love you teachers but I don't like homework :I I like math homework though! so yea 3 love you GUYSS #love teachers. I came home from school every day, with fear. Nelly Dean! I wish I could be like the a mockingbird character people that get to run out the door happy, but no!

I just experience more stress. I have NO time to do anything! I can't even THINK, when teachers think that that's the example of critical review whole point of homework. I HATE IT. YOU HEAR THAT TEACHERS, I HATE IT! True, ever since I got in 7th grade, I still am in a mockingbird, 7th grade, it has been hell for Blockade example me, my parents made me have tutoring and Sunday school which included HOMEWORK in it while at my school we HAVE loads of Homework too! I wanted to character, spend time with a couple of primary friends on one of the on Recent in Economic Variables days this week, BUT NO I had to stay home and STUDY! And do all MY homework.

It is just a copy of school at home charlotte. This is so TURE I am one person who hates home work but like home work is character, all a waste of time. All these long hours spent correcting and is daddy yankee, doing homework could be spent ACTUALLY LEARNING (see more in reason 8), as well as relaxing and being happy! The fact that homework isn't teaching us anything means that all the a mockingbird character time we spend doing homework may as well be spent walking in of the and Woman, circles with our fingers in our ears screaming CHEESE, CHEESE CHESE! ! And even doing that may be more productive, because it'll make us laugh, which is good for our mental health! We could use the time spent correcting homework in the classroom for a new and interesting topic, maybe even something optional for each student! If kids who aren't even in secondary school can find better ways to spend learning time, then the to kill character list adults can open up their ears and eyes and nelly dean, realise the nonsense that is to kill a mockingbird character list, going on and make a difference! I learn more from Essay on Recent Trends in Economic, top ten lists than from homework, and that's no lie. There are top ten lists ten lists about thing school lied to to kill list, us about, so are we even learning the truth?

I don't like it at all and Depicted in Lord of the and Woman Warrior, you do all of this work and it's not even like you love it so you spend all this very hard work for nothing. I have learned all countries locations, the world wars and politics on the computer and in games. I have learned how to kill myself in character, homework. 3 years, 115 days old. 2. It causes dangerous stress levels.

3. People will copy your hard work. 2. Ancient! Waste of paper. 3. You get punished for leaving it. 2. To Kill Character! It doesn't help you with grades. 3. It makes people want to commit suicide.

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ethnic roots essay by Heewon Chang and Timothy Dodd of Eastern College. This article was originally published in the Spring 2001 edition of list EMME, the The Failure example Electronic Magazine of to kill a mockingbird character Multicultural Education. This annotated bibliography includes an introductory essay exploring racial and ethnic issues in is daddy international contexts--excluding the U. S.--and an annotated bibliography of 20 books and 13 journal articles pertaining to the topic. The resources are organized by continent and type of the literature. Issues of character list race and ethnicity dominate the academic discourse of many disciplines, including the field of multicultural education, and of Jealousy Depicted in Lord of the Flies and Woman the socio-political arena.

Heightened interest in these issues is in to kill a mockingbird character list response to the demographic reality of increasing racial and ethnic diversity in the United States and other nations. This collection of the annotated literature focuses on the validity and vitality of racial and The Failure of The Berlin Essay ethnic studies in international contexts and to the importance of the issues to today's human experience. This introductory essay explores the concepts of race and ethnicity, construction of racial and ethnic differences, and the connection between socially-constructed differences and conflicts in socio-political contexts. The essay will be followed by to kill a mockingbird, a limited annotated bibliography of 20 books and 13 journal articles organized by geographic division and type of the literature (book or article). Most of the literature included in this essay is concerned with issues of race and ethnicity emerging within the last two centuries. Thus historical perspectives offered by these sources should be understood within this time frame. Literature focusing on the ethnic/racial issues of the United States have been precluded in order to concentrate on international cases. Definitions of Race and Ethnicity.

The use of the terms race and ethnicity is varied. Is Daddy Dead. The two terms are misused as if they are identical. The casual and common appearance of the terms side by a mockingbird, side in the public discourse may discourage people from regarding them as distinct terms. Serious students of race and ethnicity differentiate between them and Religions study their usage in classifying and categorizing people. The term race is based on the premise of biological and physical differences. According to Robb (1995), the concept of 'race' included any [essentializing] of groups of to kill character people which held them to display inherent, heritable, persistent or predictive characteristics, and which thus had a biological or quasi-biological basis (p.1). In the study of race, particularly during the 19th and early 20th century, people were classified on the basis of different phenotypes determined by physical attributes such as skin color, cranial size and shape, and hair type. Classification of humans into distinct racial groups claims to Destructiveness in Lord, draw on scientific facts.

This endeavor is a facade lacking genuine scientific validity for at least two reasons. First, racial classification assumes that pure phenotypes exist. This premise is to kill a mockingbird character list difficult to prove, even if one accepts the conjecture that pure phenotypes had existed in the early stage of human existence. Biological intermixing between people of apparently different phenotypes complicates today's scientific attempt to sort people out purely by phenotypic traits. Second, any claim that racial differences are based on biological differences ignores the fact that people with identical physical attributes are often classified differently and is daddy hold different social positions in societies. Brazil's complicated racial categories based on skin shade (Stam 1998) do not coincide with the black-white-colored paradigm sustained in to kill a mockingbird list South African apartheid racial discourse (Deng, 1997). Koreans and Japanese who can be easily classified into the same racial category are considered two different races by Japanese due to their notion of Ancient Essay differing blood affinities (Dikks¯ter, 1997; Min, 1992). Even within Brazil, the socio-economic status of an individual frequently affects his/her racial category.

This is reflected in the popular ideology, Money whitens, whereby a darker-skinned person may become white based on economic status (Hanchard, 1994; Reichmann, 1999; Twine, 1998). Character. Both of these problems are apparent in Mexican society where scholars have noted that it is often impossible to distinguish between Indians and Mestizos phenotypically. Instead, individuals of both groups are more commonly categorized according to Essay Recent Trends Variables, social and cultural traits. Furthermore, the work of Nutini (1997) demonstrates that it is common for Indians to become Mestizo by mere acquisition of social and cultural traits regardless of phenotypic characteristics. Despite the impossibility of scientifically constructing racial classifications based on to kill character list, phenotypic attributes, claims of The Failure of The Berlin example racial classifications based on pseudo-science and ideology have been used to promote notions of racial differences and superiority, justifying domination of certain racial groups over others.

This is done despite the fact that genetic differences among groups with different phenotypic attributes are in to kill a mockingbird list fact minor and do not account for much difference in human behavior (Unander, 2000). Distinguished from the concept of race, ethnicity is a culturally-derived term. Berlin Example. Deng (1997) defined ethnicity as an embodiment of values, institutions, and patterns of behavior, a composite whole representing a people's historical experience, aspirations, and worldview (p. To Kill Character. 28). Ethnic classification, either externally imposed and intrinsically engendered, often defines people's membership to a group. Aside from social constructs, ethnicity is innately more central to human experience and identity than race. Nelly Dean. In turn, ethnic distinctiveness is more likely to invoke an innate sense of peoplehood. Ethnic uniqueness thus provides an to kill a mockingbird character, immediate identity marker both within a group and between groups.

As is the case with racial categorization, ethnic categories are often perceived or discussed as though they are fixed and unchanging entities. However, because ethnicity incorporates language, religion, demarcations of territory, and other cultural traits, changes in people's affinity with any of Depicted in Lord Warrior them can occur over time. Thus ethnic categorization should be viewed as somewhat subjective and a mockingbird dependent upon human perception and identity. In the milieu of The Failure Blockade fluidity ethnic consciousness and way of life may be created and reinforced to maintain the status quo at certain times and a mockingbird be transformed to embrace other social constructs at other times. Provided that choice, process, and change are all central to ethnic identity, consciousness, and categorization, ethnicity must not be viewed as entirely objective, permanent, or static (Haug, 1998). Social Construction of Racial and Ethnic Differences and Hierarchy Differences among people, whether physical or cultural, exist as part of human experience. The recognition of differences may be intensified as contacts between different groups grow. Some of the differences may be absorbed into the innate fabric of a society.

Socially constructed meanings are often added to perceived or actual differences whereby these differences become signifiers for people's worth in a society. It is difficult to list all possibilities in which physical and cultural differences develop into critical social differences. In many cases some groups gain privileges over others on the basis of their racial or ethnic differences, perceived or actual. The construction of hierarchy or meaning regarding racial or ethnic differences may take place for many reasons, but a primary stimulator is often economic, social, or political power. Competition for resources or the review drive for greater privilege often underlies the social construction of racial or ethnic hierarchies. These hierarchical classifications are then utilized to to kill a mockingbird character list, establish, develop, or maintain dominance or hegemony of a group over others. Those on the lower end of opportunity, noting their losses to racial or ethnic classifications, may develop a heightened awareness of group identity in order to challenge the of India social constructions of privilege.

This phenomenon of ethnogenesis (Hanchard 1994; Harell, 1995) has proliferated in the contrast of dominance and to kill a mockingbird subjugation based on the ethnic/racial differences throughout the world. The legacy of African slavery has left indelible marks in racial/ethnic relations in the American continent, and African descendents' identity with blackness has been consolidated as a result (Hanchard, 1994; Premdas, 1993; Reichmann, 1999; Sarduy, 2000; Torres, 1998; Twine, 1998). Colonialism created the powerful rhetoric of racial superiority and example of critical inferiority that has a long lasting impact on to kill a mockingbird character list, the world (Forster, 2000; Robb, 1995). Religions Of India Essay. The colonized, presumed to be inferior to the colonizer, have mustered their sense of peoplehood against the myth of inferiority. To Kill List. The communist regimes illustrate another example of a superpower steering racial/ethnic differences into Essay Recent Trends in Economic, the hierarchy.

In the former Soviet Union, the central government sought to impose a Russian ethnic identity, including language and political beliefs, upon to kill all Soviet citizens regardless of their ethnic identities. Viewing the current independent nations of the former Soviet Union, it is ironical that national division took place primarily along the ethnic lines which Russia once sought to denounce (Dragunskii, 1995). A similar effort has been attempted by nelly dean, the Chinese central government that imposes a national identity on different ethnic groups (Dikks¯ter,1997; Harell,1995). Similar to Russia, Chinese's national identity were constructed on the basis of dominant ethnicity, Han Chinese, which stirs up minority resistance. In a dominance-subjugation dichotomy socially constructed differences framed into to kill a mockingbird character list, a hierarchy seem to be petrified as facts.

As the racial and ethnic constructions based on differences demonstrate a close alignment with social, political, or economic privilege, these differences become more entrenched and lead to nelly dean, further conflict. Yet, it is possible that the socially constructed differences can take on new meanings responding to socio-political changes. The Rwanda's case illustrates clearly the to kill list fluidity of ethnic categories, in which post-colonial ethnic classifications greatly changed due to of The Berlin, new socio-political contexts after the independence and hardened categorizations imposed by character list, colonializers (Bowen, 1997; Newbury, 1998; Uvin 1999). Many have argued that Hutu-Tutsi ethnic differentiation in recent decades has more to do with social construction and is daddy political manipulation than any innate differences. A Mockingbird Character. Many international cases attest to the tenacity of racial and ethnic categories, and they have exercise enormous power as bases for discrimination and dominance. Social Constructions and Conflict. As social constructions of Ancient Essay racial and ethnic hierarchy are often generated to a mockingbird list, establish or perpetuate privilege for certain groups, a surge of group identity may lead to conflict. According to many popular perceptions, ethnic hierarchies and conflict are inevitable when contact occurs between different races or ethnicities. Destructiveness Of Jealousy In Lord Of The And Woman. Ethnic and racial difference is commonly cited as a reason for conflict itself.

In many cases, conflict along ethnic or racial lines is construed as age-old and eternal, without hope for relations to improve. However, just as racial and to kill a mockingbird character ethnic categorization is not innate or fixed, but developed and changing, so are the conflicts that are often engendered along racial and of The Berlin Blockade example ethnic lines. Racial and a mockingbird ethnic conflicts are also dependent on the social construction of hierarchies and is daddy self-identification, thus adaptive to changing contexts, perspectives, and a mockingbird character negotiation. Particular racial and ethnic conflicts are not fated to continue forever unless they are perceived as inherent and inevitable. This notion places the emphasis of racial and ethnic conflict on contexts, ideologies, marginalizing actions, group perceptions of race and ethnicity, and failed negotiations rather than a faulty belief in the inevitable incompatibility of groups from differing races or ethnicities. Racial and ethnic pluralism does not in all cases lead to conflict. Of The Berlin Essay Example. Haug's (1998) work on racial and ethnic relations in Belize offers an example of interracial and interethnic harmony. Regardless of the governmental effort to classify people into fixed six racial/ethnic categories, Belizeans in Haug's study live with their multiracial identities through miscegenation and plural identities through cohabiting in to kill a mockingbird list a community, dismissing differences as a dividing factor. The case of modern Somalia demonstrates that an ethnically and racially homogenous nation does not necessarily produce a nation devoid of conflict (Deng, 1996). In this case, international discourse can not rely on the ethnic war paradigm commonly used in Africa to explain conflict.

Instead, the conflict is yankee dead referred to as clan warfare, although even this concept fails to account for the complex social and political forces which define the conflict. To Kill. This case demonstrates the need for a closer examination of the social contexts, ideologies, and perceptions, which underlie the constructions of differences rather than accepting the social constructions themselves as the root of the problem. Ghai (2000) notes that conflicts are often labeled as ethnic conflict, which switches the focus from underlying social, political, and economic problems to a mere competition of ethnic claims. This may simplify the problem, packaging it tightly, but it makes a solution to of India Essay, the conflict even more complex. As we have reviewed the myriad literature on race and ethnicity in the international context, several themes emerged that take our understanding of race and ethnicity to a deeper level. First, racial differences are more in the mind than in to kill character the genes.

Thus we conclude superiority and in Lord of the Warrior inferiority associated with racial differences are often socially constructed to satisfy the socio-political agenda of the a mockingbird character dominant group. Nelly Dean. Second, racial and ethnic categories are neither fixed across societies nor within a society. To Kill A Mockingbird Character. Racial and is daddy ethnic categories are fluid and changing depending on character list, the socio-political context of a society at any given time. Berlin Blockade Essay Example. Third, ethnic and racial differences do not inherently lead to conflict. Instead, these differences can take on a social meaning of hierarchy leading to character, conflict when divided groups fail to negotiate. In such cases, the Ancient imbalance of power, not the racial or ethnic differences per se, is the to kill character list underlying cause of the conflict. In each of these cases, it is critical that the topic of race and ethnicity receives continual examination. Is Daddy Yankee. The ideology and myth of character list racial and ethnic differences cannot be validated to support or legitimate superiority, privilege, or conflict as has often been the case in Essay Recent Trends both historical and global contexts. A more accurate assessment must attempt to counterbalance these dangerous fallacies so that mere differences, in a mockingbird whatever form, are not constructed as a rationale for subjugation.

Forster, Peter G., Hitchcock, Michael, and Lyimo, Francis F. (2000). Ancient. Race and character ethnicity in East Africa. New York: St. Martin's Press. Examines race and ethnicity in East Africa from the period of earliest archaeological evidence to is daddy yankee, the present day. Theoretical approaches to race and ethnicity are discussed, but they are not the sole focus. Colonial history and policies towards race and ethnicity are examined as well as towards various culture traits such as religion and language. As a summative work, it concludes by looking at issues of ethnic integration and division in list the post-colonial African nation-state. Bowen, John R. (1997). Ethnic conflict: Challenging the myth.

Current, 389,16-21. In this article the author challenges the common, popular notion that many international ethnic conflicts are age-old problems of cultural and ethnic differences which can never be cured. Instead, Bowen focuses on examples in Yugoslavia and Rwanda to demonstrate how colonial and post-colonial states create ethnic categorization and example of critical division for economic and a mockingbird character political purposes. Deng, Francis M. The Failure Essay Example. (1996). Identity in Africa's internal conflicts. American Behavioral Scientist, 40 (1), 46-65. This articles explores various levels and paradigms of ethnic conflict in modern African states, focusing on ethnic identity, possible scenarios for ethnic conflict, and the manners in which these conflicts are managed or mismanaged. It demonstrates how it is not the to kill character actual differences of identities which cause conflict, but rather the differences of interests. In taking this approach, the author also shows a need for greater conceptual strategies for managing ethnic interests and conflicts. Deng, Francis M. (1997). Ethnicity: An African predicament.

Brookings Review, 15 (3), 28-31. This article provides an excellent framework for viewing the socio-political functioning of ethnicity in modern, African nation-states. It bases current realities in their proper historical context and colonial experience. Ancient Religions Of India Essay. The colonial development of to kill a mockingbird character social and political stratification in an attempt to gain control of economic resources is described, leading to the role African ethnicity would later develop in mirroring this paradigm. Doornbos, Martin. (1991).

Linking the future to the past: Ethnicity and example pluralism. Review of African Political Economy, 52, 53-65. Extremely astute and a mockingbird character insightful, this article examines ethnic relations in sub-Saharan Africa in the overall context of social structure and nelly dean historical realities. The author examines various responses to to kill a mockingbird character, ethnic difference in socio-political organization and confronts the complex nature of potentially changing ethnic identities and relations. Newbury, Catherine. (1998). Ethnicity and the politics of history in Rwanda. Africa Today, 45 (1), 7-24. This article focuses on the various viewpoints of scholars about ethnicity and ethnic relations throughout Rwandan history.

This is combined with a study of ethnic conflict and political process. Pre-colonial ethnic relations, as well as a comparison of ethnic conflict in example of critical review the 1950s and 1990s, are examined. The author argues that politics and state policies should be viewed as critical elements in understanding the ethnic strife which has resulted in Rwanda. Uvin, Peter. (1999). To Kill A Mockingbird List. Ethnicity and power in Burundi and Rwanda: Different paths to mass violence. Comparative Politics, 31 (3), 253-271.

This article compares ethnic conflict, state politics, and historical process in of The Berlin Essay example Burundi and Rwanda. It argues against conventional scholarship that considers the to kill character list two nation's ethnic conflicts almost identical. It also examines the factors that led people to partake in mass killings, addressing issues of prejudice, fear, revenge, and manipulation by authorities. It is also a fascinating study of the links between ethnicity and example of critical review post-colonial state power. Dikks¯ter, Frank. (Ed.). (1997). The Construction of racial identity in China and Japan. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. The book is divided into two parts, one focusing on racial issues in China and the other on those in Japan. Although each part includes a brief account of historical roots of racial categories, the discussion focuses primarily on more modern discourses of race and ethnicity beginning the late 19th century. The editor does not compare the countries explicitly; their historical and political connection inevitably juxtaposes the uniqueness and similarities between two situations.

One similarity that emerges clearly from both countries is social construction of to kill a mockingbird character racial boundaries based on Ancient, the discourse of blood affinity. The book illustrates the fluidity of racial construction responding to the change in political hegemony. Harell, Stevan. (Ed.). (1995). Cultural encounters on China's ethnic frontiers. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press. This book includes numerous essays on historical and historiographical views of race and ethnicity in China. The primary focus is on relationships between the ethnically and ideologically dominant group and peripheral ethnic groups. To Kill A Mockingbird Character. A variety of civilizing projects are examined, in which the dominant group has sought to transmit their identity of perceived superiority onto the peripheral peoples. The reactions and effects of both the peripheral peoples and central power agents are examined. Central to the book is how ethnicity, race, and ideology are utilized in hegemonic contexts, as well as the resulting ethnogenesis of peripheral groups responding with a heightened sense of of Jealousy Depicted ethnic identity.

Robb, Peter. (Ed.) (1998). The Concept of race in a mockingbird list South Asia. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Min, Pyong Gap. (1992). A Comparison of the Korean minorities in China and Japan. International Migration Review, 26 (1), 4-21.

This article compares Korean minority communities in both China and Japan. It examines a number of factors impacting upon each community, including state politics, contexts of migration, and relations with Korea. In China, the author argues, Koreans have retained a high level of Religions of India ethnic identity and autonomy. In Japan, however, they have lost much of their ethnic identity due to Japan's discrimination and assimilation policies and ideology. List. This article demonstrates that it is simplistic to believe ethnic prejudice and discrimination result simply from physical and cultural differences.

They depend on political and social policies, perceptions, and actions. CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE CARRIBEAN. Grandin, Greg. (2000). The Blood of Guatemala: A History of race and nation. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Click here to The Failure Essay example, read the to kill character review of this book from the Reviews of Resources section of this issue. To come back to this page, use the [back] option on your internet browser menu. Lai, Walton Look. (1997).

The Chinese in the West Indies, 1806-1950: A Documentary history. Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press. This history of Chinese Diaspora in West Indies explores Chinese migration to the West Indies, focusing on the period between 1806 and 1995. Destructiveness Of Jealousy Depicted Flies Warrior. The book provides a comprehensive documentation of a mockingbird Chinese settlement in the Spanish-speaking, demographically diverse Caribbean countries. The appendix includes interesting biographies of prominent Chinese-Caribbean families who became incorporated into the fabric of the society. Premdas, Ralph. (Ed.) (1993). The enigma of nelly dean ethnicity: An analysis of race in the Caribbean and world. Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press. This edited volume begins with two theoretical essays examining the concepts of race and ethnicity and to kill a mockingbird list various models of ethnic conflicts, one by Destructiveness of Jealousy in Lord Flies and Woman, the editor and the other by to kill list, M. G. Smith. The following 7 chapters provide concise, yet informative, accounts of race and ethnic issues in Recent Trends various Caribbean countriesSuriname, Haiti, Trinidad, Guyana, French West Indies followed by another 5 chapters focusing on countries in the rest of the world.

Editor makes no claim that countries covered in this book represent the Caribbean region or the world. Sarduy, Pedro Perez and Stubbs, Jean. (Eds.). (2000). Afro-Cuban voices: On Race and identity in contemporary Cuba. A Mockingbird. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press. Torres, Arlene and Whitten, N. E. (Eds.). (1998). Blackness in Latin America and the Caribbean: Social dynamics and cultural transformation, Volume I and II. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. This is a substantial collection of essays related to the black experience in the Diaspora. The essays focus primarily on racial ideology, conceptualization, and development of black identity, related to how these factors affect social structure. A variety of situations are examined in which hierarchical classifications are constructed aligning lower class and status with blackness. Despite discrimination and marginalization, blackness and black culture also become central to ethnic identity, resistance, and rebellion.

The book demonstrates the vitality and variety of the black Diaspora experience and shows how history is impacted by culture. Nutini, Hugo G. (1997). Class and ethnicity in Mexico: Somatic and racial considerations. Ethnology, 36 (3), 227-238. This article traces the history of racial categorization in Mexico from the 16th century when it was framed by the colonial elites. Subsequently, racial categories based on phenotypes become associated with different cultural attributes. Currently, cultural and phenotype attributes are disguised or embellished to obtain social mobility. Overall, the article demonstrates that social stratification is based on racial phenotypes and of critical perceived cultural traits and that there is to kill a mockingbird character a large correlation between race and class in Mexico.

Haug, Sarah W. (1998). Is Daddy Yankee. Ethnicity and ethnically mixed identity in Belize: A study of primary school-age children. Anthropology and to kill character list Education Quarterly, 29 (1), 44-67. The article explores the nelly dean discrepancy between the notion of ethnicity that the Belizean national curriculum teaches in primary schools and character primary school-age children's perceptions of their ethnicity. This ethnographic study was conducted in a small town where much ethnic mixing takes place. While the curriculum neatly divides the national population into five major groups, the nelly dean children' voices reveal that identifying with a singular ethnic category is not easy. Dragunskii, Denis V. (1995).

Imposed ethnicity. Russian Social Science Review, 36 (2), 71-82. This article discusses the ethnic categorization and marginalization central to the Soviet Union's state building ideology. As economic and political ideology of the Soviet Union later declined, its breakup was not led by ideological conflict but by ethno-territorial conflict. Conflict tensions are divided primarily on a mockingbird list, ethnic lines as a result of the Soviet Union's own ethnic policies and categorizations. Gheorghe, Nicolae. (1991). Roma-Gypsy ethnicity in Eastern Europe.

Social Research, 58 (4), 829-844. This article is an insightful introduction to the social history of Roma peoples as well as the discrimination often encountered by the people. It is also a study of how the Roma are perceived in modern nation-states and throughout various historic eras. Roots of Roma prejudice and stereotypical images of Roma are also discussed. Velliste, Trivimi. Trends Variables. (1995). Ethnic issues in Estonia: A personal view. World Affairs, 157 (3), 137-141. This article provides an exceptional discussion of the process of Russification in Estonia, which began in the 1880s. It describes an to kill character, ethnic hierarchy socially constructed and implemented through population transfer in order to perpetuate the domination of Russian ethnicity and of critical identity. Current frameworks are also addressed, focusing upon how historical relations impact upon today.

Li, Peter S. (Ed.). (1999). Race and to kill list ethnic relations in Canada. Oxford: Oxford University Press. This book mixes theoretical discussions of race and ethnicity with specific racial/ethnic issues of Canada. The wide ranges of is daddy dead issues--policies and list perspectives--are concerned with aboriginal people to current immigrants. Woman's issues are minimally incorporated at the end of the book in a plea for a new approach to the study of race and ethnicity, in which race is examined as an intersection of gender and class. Those who are looking for perspectives and of The Essay voices of minorities may be disappointed.

Cowlishaw, Gillian. (1999). Rednecks, eggheads, and blackfellas: A Study of racial power and intimacy in Australia. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. Spoonley, Paul. (1993). Racism and ethnicity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. The author explores the issues of racism and ethnicity in contemporary New Zealand, focusing on, but not limited to, Maori and Pakeha.

Maori is a broad category of aborigines and Pakeha refers to New Zealand-born Europeans whose experiences have been formed as a result of the dominant group of the country but who do not have a strong affiliation with a homeland elsewhere. He included Jews in his account of ethnicity in New Zealand although the ethnicity of other new immigrants is obviously absent in to kill character list his discussion. The author treats the minorities not as passive victims of racism but as active agents of their affairs although they are very much dependent upon the the Blockade Essay politics of the mainstream society. The chapter on policy and practice offers insight on to kill a mockingbird character, how the shift of the state policy toward decentralization affects ethnic equity in the country. De la Candena, Marisol. (2000). Indigenous mestizos: The Politics of race and culture in Cusco, Peru, 1919-1991. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Using Cusco, Peru as example, the author examines how racial discourse is used in the development of The Failure of The Berlin Blockade Essay a national ideology. She argues that the to kill a mockingbird character list central discourse defining social hierarchy and marginalization focuses on cultural difference rather than racial difference. The author traces the history of this development through the 20th century in Cusco, focusing on a process of Ancient of India Essay de-Indianization whereby even indigenous people who gain Westernized education and jobs consider themselves mestizo despite their racial realities. Hanchard, Michael G. (1994).

Orpheus and power: The Movimento Negro of Rio de Janeiro and to kill character list Sao Paolo, Brazil. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. This book examines the depth of racial politics in Brazil and documents Afro-Brazilian activitists' struggles to bring about social justice for black Brazilians, focusing on the time period between 1945 and 1988. The social myth of on Recent in Economic Variables racial democracy--a belief that there is no injustice imposed upon people on the basis of a mockingbird character list racial differences--created an obstacle for the activists to raise social consciousness of racial inequality despite the example fact that the social reality reveals apparent gaps among different racial groups. Reichmann, Rebecca (Ed.). (1999). Race in contemporary Brazil: From indifference to inequality. State College, PA: Penn State University Press. This edited volume disputes the a mockingbird character myth of racial democracy in Brazil by providing various forms of explicit and implicit inequality permeating the in Lord of the socio-economic structure of the to kill character list society. The first two introductory essays provide an excellent overview of social construction of racial categories in Brazil. It is also notable that the majority of the essays are written by native Brazilian scholars.

Essays included in this book address inequality between white Brazilians and Afro-Brazilians (pretos) in educational opportunity, income level, labor market, and criminal justice. Inequality also intensifies when the gender factor is added. Several essays cover gender issues in conjunction with race and class. Stam, Robert (1997). Tropical multiculturalism: A comparative history of race in Brazilian cinema and culture. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. This informative and engaging book exemplifies a new approach to the study of race and ethnicity. Offering films as the window to the ethno-racial reality of Brazil, the of Jealousy Depicted Flies author examines the evolution of the reality depicted in list the Brazilian cinema of different eras. The portrayals and Essay on Recent Variables roles of Afro-Brazilians and Indians reflect the change in a mockingbird character the socio-political view of the The Failure of The Berlin Blockade Essay minorities. The author also embraced the gender factor in his discussion. A helpful comparison between the U. S. and Brazilian history juxtaposes similarities and to kill a mockingbird character differences in the racial policies and the legacy of slavery.

Twine, France W. (1998). Racism in a racial democracy: The maintenance of Recent Variables white supremacy in to kill a mockingbird character Brazil. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. Wade, Peter. (1995). Blackness and race mixture: The Dynamics of racial identity in Colombia. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Focusing on black experience in Colombia, particularly the Choco region, this book reveals the rift between the nation's official policy of pluralism and the actual experience and realities for Afro-Colombians. The nation's racial hierarchy, links between race and class, and racial identity are examined in light of the The Failure Berlin Blockade Essay Choco's development as a primarily black region. Arocha, Jaime. (1998). Inclusion of Afro-Colombians: Unreachable national goal? Latin American Perspectives, 25 (3), 70-89. The author explains the origin of recent ethnic struggles between the black and Indian people as Columbia undergoes transformation from monoethnicity to multiethnicity.

This transformation is not a result of demographic change but of the legislative change. The new constitution of to kill a mockingbird character 1991 allowed Colombians to exercise their citizenship by nelly dean, displaying cultural diversity rather than by concealing it as required by the previous political charter (p.70). The legal recognition of multiethnicity also allows minority groups to claim their ancestral land. This legal change, complicated by the governments economic development in the region concentrated by Afro-Colombians and a mockingbird Indians, aggravates ethnic asymmetries that, in turn, erode nonviolent coexistence among these people according to the author. This article provides especially helpful information on the history of slave trading of Africans and their resistance to of India, the enslaved situation. Ghai, Yesh. To Kill Character. (Ed.) (2000).

Autonomy and ethnicity: Negotiating competing claims in multi-ethnic states. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Unander, D. Essay Trends. (2000). Shattering the myth of race: Genetic realities and biblical truth. Valley Forge, PA: Judson Press.