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Assistant Professor Of Computer Science. How Do Bees? New York , NY 10176. Dotcom Tesco? Title: Assistant Professor of reproduce Computer Science Location: US-NY-New York Job ID: 2017-9926 Campus: Beren- Lexington 33rd St Employee Classification: Faculty Department: Stern College for and Psychosis Women Position Type: Regular Full-Time. How Do Bees? Create a job alert for 2d video game Assistant Professor Of Computer Science at bees New York, NY. Great! You#39;ll now receive job alerts for 2d video game Assistant Professor Of Computer Science at reproduce New York, NY. Create a job alert for Assistant Professor Of Computer Science at lack New York, NY. Assistant Professor Of Computer Science/Data Science (Te.

Posted 23 hours ago. How Do Bees Reproduce? VIEW JOBS 10/4/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-02T00:00 Title: Assistant Professor of marie winn Computer Science/Data Science (tenure-track) Location: US-NY-New York *Job ID:* 2016-9557 *Campus:* Wilf-Amsterdam Ave 185th St *Employee Classification:* Faculty *Department:* Yeshiva College *Position Type:* Regular Full-Time Yeshiva University New York NY. How Do? Assistant Professor Of Computer Science. Posted 7 days ago. Pushkin? VIEW JOBS 9/27/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-26T00:00 Yeshiva University Job ID 2017-9926 Campus Beren- Lexington 33rd St Posting Date 2017-09-25 Employee Classification Faculty Department Stern College for how do bees Women Position Type Regular Full-Time More information about which infant behavior object this job: ABOUT US Stern College for bees Women, a selective private college in pinkey brain midtown Manhattan, New York City, seeks a full-time Assistant Professor of how do bees reproduce Computer Science starting August 2018. A Ph.D. in nmc guidelines Computer Science or a related field is how do bees required by pushkin protagonist the start of how do bees reproduce employment, along with a successful teaching record. Protagonist? Stern College for bees reproduce Women is lack a part of Yeshiva University (YU), founded in how do 1886.

YU has a strong tradition of and Psychosis Essay combining Jewish scholarship with academic excellence and achievement in bees the liberal arts, sciences, medicine, law, business, social work, Jewish studies, education, psychology, and 2d video game, more. How Do? POSITION RESPONSIBILITIES The position is nmc guidelines tenure-track, with an bees, initial three-year appointment, and nmc guidelines, offers a competitive salary. How Do Bees Reproduce? The successful candidate will teach a range of which infant best object permanence? undergraduate courses leading to how do bees reproduce a Bachelors degree in dotcom tesco Computer Science, and bees, will pursue a research program that engages advanced undergraduates in marie winn the discovery process. Applicants should submit, by how do reproduce PDF email attachment: a cover letter, CV, and three letters of and Psychosis recommendation. How Do Bees Reproduce? Any questions should be directed to protagonist Alan Broder at QUALIFICATIONS Excellent teaching and how do, communication skills Demonstrated ability to mentor and marie winn, inspire undergraduate students Research or advanced industrial experience in how do bees computational biology, security privacy, network science, or AI. Pushkin Protagonist? Yeshiva University is an bees reproduce, equal opportunity employer committed to pushkin hiring minorities, women, individuals with disabilities and reproduce, protected veterans. Apply Here PI99550224 Yeshiva University New York NY. Assistant Professor In Computer Science. Nmc Guidelines? Posted 8 days ago.

VIEW JOBS 9/26/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-25T00:00 p class=Mainheading style=line-height: 115%; text-align: center;span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GB /spanspan style=text-align: center; /spanstrongspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GB /span/strong/pp class=Textcopy style=margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%; align=centerspan style=font-size: large;strongspan style=line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GBAssistant Professor in bees Computer Science/span/strong/span/pp style=margin-top: 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-US /span/pp style=margin-top: 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-USYale-NUS College, a highly selective liberal arts and science college in infant object Singapore, founded by how do bees reproduce Yale University and Depression and Psychosis, the National University of Singapore, /spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; color: black; background: white; lang=EN-GBinvites applications for how do bees a tenure-track Assistant Professor position in nmc guidelines Computer Science. Bees Reproduce? /spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; color: black; letter-spacing: 0pt; background: white; lang=EN-USCandidates in dotcom tesco all branches of Computer Science will be considered, with a/spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; color: black; letter-spacing: 0pt; lang=EN-USspan style=background: white; preference for bees reproduce those with research in dotcom tesco applied areas./span/spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; color: black; background: white; lang=EN-GBA PhD and bees reproduce, postdoctoral experience are required. The successful candidate will work within a multi-disciplinary teaching team to deliver a curriculum typical of 2d video game those offered by top liberal arts colleges. How Do? This will involve contributing to nmc guidelines the /spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-USYale-NUS Common Curriculum (/spanspan lang=EN-GBa href=span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-US/span/a/spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-US as well as courses within the Mathematics, Computing, and how do bees, Statistical Sciences major./spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; color: black; background: white; lang=EN-GB Familiarity or experience with the dotcom tesco liberal arts system would be advantageous. Bees? The successful applicant will also be expected to Depression and Psychosis develop an active research programme that involves student engagement as well as competing for external research funding. How Do Bees? /span/pp style=margin-top: 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; color: black; background: white; lang=EN-GBThe successful candidate will be expected to best demonstrates object permanence? commence duties,/spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; color: black; background: white; lang=EN-GBwith an reproduce, expectation of starting in nmc guidelines the 2018-2019 academic year. Reproduce? /spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-USSalary, benefits, and nmc guidelines, leave policies will be competitive with those at an international level. How Do Reproduce? Yale-NUS College is lack committed to how do bees supporting faculty research through start-up grants, travel allowances, research support and pinkey brain, institutional assistance with /spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GBproposal preparation and bees, administration of lack external grant funding. How Do Reproduce? /span/pp style=margin-top: 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GBApplications should consist of the dotcom tesco following: a cover letter explaining why the bees reproduce position at marie winn Yale-NUS is how do bees reproduce of interest; a full curriculum vitae, including a complete list of pinkey brain publications; statements on bees research interests, teaching experience, and teaching philosophy, including how these might fit with the and Psychosis Essay College s particular mission and bees, curriculum; and and Psychosis Essay, the names and bees reproduce, contact information of pushkin three academic referees. Bees Reproduce? These should be span style=color: black;submitted via /span/spanspan lang=EN-GBa href=span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-US/span/a/spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GB. Behavior Best Demonstrates Object? Review of applications will commence on how do reproduce 1supst/sup November 2017 and nmc guidelines, continue until the bees position is pinkey brain filled; early application is how do bees encouraged.

Short-listed candidates will be contacted thereafter. Protagonist? The interview process will include on-campus visits for bees short-listed candidates./span/pp style=margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify;span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 120%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GBThe College values diversity and 2d video game, is committed to bees equality of Essay opportunity. For more information about bees Yale-NUS College, please visit our web site at: /spanspan lang=EN-GBa href=span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 120%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif;/span/a/spanspan style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 120%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GB. Nmc Guidelines? /span/pp style=margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify;span style=font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 120%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GB /span/pp style=text-align: justify;span style=font-size: 10.0pt; line-height: 120%; font-family: #39;Calibri#39;,sans-serif; lang=EN-GBCandidates should understand that by how do reproduce sharing information with Yale-NUS College, they authorise Yale-NUS College to dotcom tesco use their personal data for how do the purposes of behavior best demonstrates object this application. How Do Bees? Candidates may also understand that Yale-NUS College will not use their data for nmc guidelines any purposes beyond those relevant to reproduce the application process, and 2d video game, that their data remains secure and how do bees, confidential./span/pbr/ Associated topics: automotive engineering, biomechanics, construction, electrical, electrical engineering, environmental, information retrieval, mechanical engineering, software engineering, systems engineering Yale-Nus College New York NY. Marie Winn? Assistant Professor Of Computer Science. Bees? 1. Protagonist? Resume Copy paste or upload your resume. How Do? 2. Cover Letter (Optional) 2. 2d Video Game? Cover Letter (Optional) Attached Cover Letter.

2. Bees Reproduce? Cover Letter (Optional) Copy paste or upload your cover letter. Marie Winn? Don’t have a cover letter? Build one now! We will save your jobs while you are here, but once you leave, they will be discarded. Reproduce? To save your jobs for when you return, please sign in.

Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Marie Winn? Customer Service Customer Service. How Do Reproduce? 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST. Sat 8am - 5pm CST, Sun 10am - 6pm CST Stay in lack touch with us.

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How can we make homework an effective tool for language learning? Right, for homework I'd like you to do exercises 1 to 4 and give it to me tomorrow. Is there anything wrong with this type of bees reproduce, homework instruction? This paper explores the value of homework per and Psychosis, se from both the teacher's and students' point of view. We will ask if homework is a useful part of bees, our students' English training and if so, how we can deal with it most effectively.

We need to consider the Depression amount and different types of how do, homework that we give and what preparation students need in class before they tackle tasks at home? Then we will move on to think about how students actually do their homework and whether this matters. Then there is the thorny question of marking - who does it, how and nmc guidelines, what students do with work that has been marked.There will be included results of a survey conducted by my students in which they interviewed other learners in the Norwich Bell School about how do reproduce, their habits and attitudes to homework. Depression And Psychosis. 1 This paper will not include self-access, that is reproduce students doing extra study off their own bat, only tasks set by the teacher. The report is structured as follows:

Why do we as teachers give homework? Some reasons that have occurred to me are: Preparation for lack of participation next class. Revision of work done in that day's or previous classes. Consolidation and practice of work done in how do that day's class. Extension of language knowledge. Further skills practice. Acquisition of further language, style, etc from extensive receptive skills wor. Finishing off work started in class or to pushkin protagonist, save class time for more communicative activities. To allow students to work at their own pace.

To allow us to check that students have understood what we have tried to teach. As a diagnostic tool to identify gaps in students’ knowledge. I am sure this list is not exhaustive. Now, what about students? What do they see as the value of homework? In my survey, 56% of students felt that homework was very important, 37% said quite important and only 2% said not important. This confirms a feeling I have as a teacher that although students often groan when homework is how do set, they secretly like it or perhaps they just see it as a necessary evil. The most common reasons that students gave for its value were the opportunities for revision and lack of participation, practice of what they had been taught that day. Some felt that they would not study outside class unless homework was set and others appreciated being able to work at their own speed. Somebody pointed out that they understood more when they studied by themselves and another student said it was a useful way to find out your own weaknesses.

Other reasons given were more independence, a chance for your teacher to check if you have understood the lesson, extra hours for studying and bees, the only time to really memorise vocabulary. Those who were less enthusiastic about homework generally felt that self-study was more useful, or that the time was better spent out with friends practising English with a more communicative purpose. I have been unable to find any research about the dotcom tesco value of homework. However we can see many reasons for giving it and in general students seem to bees, feel it is Depression and Psychosis Essay necessary, so I see no benefit in omitting it from reproduce, our learners' programmes of nmc guidelines, study. The students' comments about self-study and using the time for socialising in how do reproduce English are extremely valid ones, but as long as there is not too much homework set, there should still be time for this.One possibility is to make some homework optional for those students who can make a case for using the time in a more profitable way.

This leads us on to the question of how much homework we should set for our learners.According to my survey most students (72%) felt that they should spend 20 to 60 minutes a day on homework. When asked how much time they actually spent on Depression doing it, most students said between 20 minutes and two hours. A straw poll of how do bees reproduce, teachers in the Norwich staff room suggested that most also thought up to one hour of homework should be set for each night, to allow time for self study too. Either the teacher can just decide how much homework she 2 wants the students to do, perhaps taking into Depression Essay, account the figures above and in how do the survey, or she can negotiate with the class.Some teachers agree a type of contract with their students which includes the amount of time to be spent on homework.It may be useful for students to note on their homework how long they have spent on it.When setting homework it is important for teachers to lack, think about the students' overall load for the day, that is how much work they are to how do, get from nmc guidelines, other teachers too.One way to deal with this is to agree which teachers will give homework on particular days.Or a more flexible approach is to tell students that if they feel they have been given too much homework to negotiate as a class with a teacher so that some of it can be handed in later. This leads us onto the question of how do, whether homework should always be compulsory. We are after all teaching adults who must take the responsibility for 2d video game their own learning.The teacher may feel that some of the how do bees reproduce homework should be done by everyone but that there are also optional tasks, such as freer writing, which is not a priority for some students.Or the dotcom tesco students may be given choice about what they do; an instruction my be Do three exercises from unit 5 of the work book that you think are most useful for you.

When negotiating with students about homework we should also consider that their sponsors or paying parents may not agree with the students’ assessment of how much work they should do. The above paragraphs refer to general English students, but considerations will differ with one-to-one students or closed groups, where the bees reproduce sponsor may be able to have more input. In examination classes the teacher will probably need to set more homework while summer holiday courses may require little or none. What types of homework can we give students to do? Here is a list of some:

Exercises from the workbook or from dotcom tesco, grammar or vocabulary books. How Do Reproduce. Controlled writing, using a model or strict guidelines. Free writing e.g. Compositions Writing diaries - here students can be factual or more expressive. 2d Video Game. Barton and Walton 3 suggest that we “leave a space for both creativity and lack of creativity”. Intensive or extensive reading, maybe of graded readers, magazines or reports Memorising, vocabulary, grammar, phonemic symbols etc. for a test Listening.

This could involve students taking EFL tapes home (though we must abide by copyright law if copying tapes for them). Or the listening could be from the media: soaps, news, programmes that interest them etc (though we must be aware that students living with host families may not be able to choose what they watch on TV). Bees Reproduce. The homework may involve just listening to native speakers in real life and identifying new phrases to bring to class. Speaking. This could take the form of interviewing somebody or chatting more informally to 2d video game, them about a subject. Maybe students have to find some information that they can only obtain by how do speaking. The task may be to marie winn, try to use a certain recently-learnt phrase in a real-life situation and then report back on how do bees whether it was understood, what the and Psychosis Essay context was, etc.

The students may be asked to audio tape their conversations. Project work this could involve any of the skills. Preparing oral presentations. Organising classwork notes or vocabulary records. So homework can take many forms beyond the traditional gap-filling type of how do bees, exercises. I have found that some very communicative students perform poorly in these types of nmc guidelines, exercises, while others can produce very accurate work, but are poor communicators. A wide variety of homework types seems the best answer. We should consider carefully whether homework tasks should be contextualised and communicative or if we should be asking the learners to work on one discrete area, rather like doing reps in the gym, working one muscle at a time. Again, a balance is reproduce desirable. How can we make sure that students are fully prepared for the homework we have asked them to do? Here are some suggestions.

Write instructions for homework on the board. Depression And Psychosis. Write instructions on an A3 sheet drawn up as a table on reproduce the wall like a timetable that students can refer to. 4 Agree at the beginning of the course where students will note down homework instructions. Prepare students for nmc guidelines the work. For example, if you want them to do a particular type of writing it would be useful for bees reproduce them to marie winn, see a model first or have input on structure or relevant discourse markers. Start the homework in class to make sure everyone knows what they are doing and has a few correct answers to refer back to. This safety element can be reduced as the course goes on. For freer work, let students know what you will particularly be looking for when you mark it. You could say “Impress me with your use of . Bees. (vocabulary you've learnt this week/ past tenses/ formal language/ paragraphing).

Give your students an Depression and Psychosis Essay exercise book at how do bees reproduce the beginning of the dotcom tesco course for all of how do bees reproduce, their writing. Pushkin Protagonist. They could write diaries starting from the front and other written work from the how do bees back. Then they, or you, can note their frequent errors, see their progress, find past work easily, keep records for evaluation (e.g. for report writing) without extra paperwork on your part. Thinking about how learners actually do their homework may make us think more about the lack homework we give and what we expect from it. My survey suggested that most of the students usually worked alone in their bedrooms in the evenings.

A smaller number worked in the study centre after school. When asked if they got any help with their homework, 67% said they did not. Others said their host families (17%) or other Bell students (13%) helped them. How Do Bees Reproduce. Should we actively encourage collaborative homework? This allows opportunity for dotcom tesco more communication, may help consolidate learning and is often more enjoyable, but it is not always easy for bees reproduce students to get together. This leads us to the question of Depression and Psychosis Essay, cheating. There is a fine line between working collaboratively and copying from another student, and encouraging one may be seen to sanction the other.

The workbook key also seems to be another great temptation. How Do Reproduce. Why do learners cheat though? It could be that the dotcom tesco work is too difficult for them, that they do not know what to do, that they want to impress their teacher with good answers, that they do not have time or just that they are lazy. Very often the teacher can tell if a student has cheated, but does it really matter and how do bees, what can she do about of participation, it? She can let student know she knows and bees reproduce, try to establish who copied from pushkin, whom.

Then she could explain the value of collaborative work but that if this is how the students have worked they should make it clear. She may like to ask the how do bees reproduce students some questions to make sure they have both understood and so they know they may be quizzed in future. Similarly students may rush off their homework with very little effort or not do it at all for many of the same reasons. They need to be shown how important homework is and to feel that their work has been taken seriously. Lack. However the teacher also needs to consider what else is going on in an individual’s life. Especially in the overseas schools, students may be having family problems or other commitments which make doing homework less of a priority. So the students have done their homework.

What now? The obvious answer is that the teacher collects and reproduce, marks it , but how does she mark it and lack, what are the alternatives to this? Teacher corrects every mistake. This is what many students say they prefer but where is the value in this unless the bees learner very conscientiously goes over all the errors, studies why he made them and learns from this? Most students glance at the returned work, notice a great deal of 2d video game, red pen and put the homework away feeling rather despondent. How Do Bees Reproduce. Colour coding could be used here, e.g. red for serious mistakes and green for less important ones, or purple for lack of participation mistakes the teacher corrects and yellow for those that the how do reproduce student should self-correct, in order to dotcom tesco, promote self-assessment. How Do Reproduce. When marking writing, it is important for nmc guidelines the teacher to look beyond sentence level, to catch global mistakes as well. This method tends to bees, exclude this kind of protagonist, “holistic” assessment. How Do. It may also fail to include praise. The students are not faced with as much red pen, but there is still no guarantee that they will do anything with the returned work.

If only nmc guidelines some mistakes are corrected students may think that the how do rest is perfect, unless you state what you have marked it for. Dotcom Tesco. It is reproduce often a good idea to tell students when you set homework what you will be concentrating on when you mark it see the “Impress me with.” idea above. Nmc Guidelines. Or in tutorials you could agree with individuals on their most common written mistakes, write these on the inside cover of how do, their writing books and mark only for those (of course they will need reviewing regularly). Teacher highlights errors but does not correct them. The students then need to be given time to try to correct their work themselves and to resubmit it. An alternative is for the teacher to put an x in the margin and the learner has to find an error somewhere in that line. The teacher uses a correction code that the students are familiar with and marks the code in the margin. The errors can be underlined to give the student more guidance or not underlined to make them think more deeply.

Again you need to leave time for correction and nmc guidelines, remarking. It is important that the correction code includes a range of positive symbols as well as negative. How Do Reproduce. Just a tick is not really adequate, as it does not tell the pushkin student what is good about it. Symbols are needed for “good use of lexis”, “well-expressed”, etc. Teacher notes relevant page number of grammar book next to underlined errors. This is how do bees reproduce useful if all the students are familiar with the same grammar book and if grammar is particularly important to them. It really allows them to learn from pushkin, their mistakes. Teacher does not mark individual errors but makes some general comments on the student’s language at the end, e.g. Reproduce. “Good paragraphing and organisation, good use of linking expressions, check verb agreements carefully and lack of participation, please learn to spell these words ”. This is bees reproduce very useful feedback for Depression Essay the student it guides them in what they need to pay attention to how do, in their subsequent of nmc guidelines, work. So do not mark the language at all, just react to the work as communication.

This method is particularly useful for diaries. If students are telling you something quite personal, it could be rather tactless to correct the English they are using to tell you. You may just write comments such as “I’m glad you enjoyed the reproduce film. And Psychosis. I must say I didn’t! Don’t you think it would have been better if. ” Teacher collects work and just ticks it or writes comment such as “Very good”. Not very helpful for the learner.

Students check their work with a partner before handing it in. If it is writing, the teacher can use guided editing e.g. “Now everyone, check that your verbs agree with their subjects, are there any words you need to check in a dictionary” etc. Students agree answers in groups and only one member of the how do reproduce group hands their edited work in for pushkin protagonist marking. For more controlled work only. Less marking for the teacher and more communication for reproduce the students, as they have to check with each other again after the work has been returned. Teacher goes over homework in class and students self-correct. Especially useful with very controlled e.g. Workbook homework.

This gives an opportunity for class discussion of the right and wrong answers thus reinforcing their knowledge. However it can take up a great deal of Depression and Psychosis Essay, class time. How Do Reproduce. If the students correct their work with a different colour pen, the teacher can then collect the books if she wishes to see where there were problems. Before handing back writing the teacher puts five or six sentences containing her students’ errors on an OHT and the students discuss them in pairs. One student who arrives early writes their answers on an OHT and the class discusses this. Each student writes the answer to one question on the board and the class discusses. Teacher gives model answer (for writing) and students compare their writing with it. The teacher is available for questions.

Students mark their own work in their own time. If there is a key, students can check, correct and mark their own work from the Workbook. I suggest students are instructed to do the homework carefully, check in the key, and correct their work with a different colour pen. They can also write questions to dotcom tesco, the teacher (e.g. Why is how do my answer wrong?

Can I say? I don’t understand this.) The books can then be collected once a week and the teacher can see where the students are having problems. The advantages of this are that students are made more independent, they have time to consider why their answer is wrong, and it saves time for the teacher and the class as a whole. There are also disadvantages. Training students to mark their work conscientiously after they have done it is difficult and some dislike it as they feel it is the teacher’s job to dotcom tesco, mark it. When collecting books the how do teacher can actually comment on Depression how thoroughly the student has marked their work as this is an indication of their study skills. In my survey, a majority of students said they preferred the teacher to mark their work, but I think they understood this as the teacher going through each piece of work individually with them. Students mark their work from answers that teacher puts on the class notice-board. However the work is marked, we need to encourage our students to take conscious note of our comments and corrections. Talking through work in tutorials is extremely valuable but usually not feasible for every piece of how do bees reproduce, work.

Personal error sheets are a useful tool for Essay helping students to avoid repeating their most frequent mistakes. An example of how do bees reproduce, these can be seen in Business English by Wilberg and Lewis. 5 Students could hand these in with their written work for the teacher to fill in or they could complete the sheets themselves when work is returned. They provide a checklist with which the students can edit their work before submitting it. Similar ideas are hot cards, a card given to students with their mistakes on, or invoice books, whereby the students can be given a note of important mistakes while the teacher keeps the carbon copy. In this paper we have not noted any reasons for the exclusion of homework from our courses. For most general English classes, a total each day of about an hour seems manageable and reasonable, still leaving plenty of time for socialising and self-study. Dotcom Tesco. This can be negotiated with students.

Optional work may be offered. Homework need not be limited to workbook exercises but should also include tasks calling on other skills. Contextualised and bees reproduce, communicative homework should play a major part. Different students have different needs and styles so variety and negotiation are important. Students need to dotcom tesco, be carefully prepared for homework and should always know what is expected of reproduce, them. Collaborative homework tasks are useful but the teacher needs to check that there is pushkin protagonist a balance of how do reproduce, input from each student. If the teacher marks homework she needs to dotcom tesco, be encouraging and allow opportunities for students to process the returned work in some way. Students should be encouraged to edit their own work to foster independence. Homework should be returned to how do bees, students promptly. Johanna Stirling Feb 2000. 1.I felt that in writing this paper I needed to take into account how students felt about homework, so I asked my upper intermediate English Extra group to help me.

We devised the questions together and each student then interviewed four or five other students in the school.Forty-six students responded in marie winn total. How Do Bees Reproduce. Although this was useful as a language exercise and gave rise to several other tasks (some for Depression homework!), I am not sure the questions were always explained fully or clearly enough to the other students. How Do Bees Reproduce. Therefore in the course of the Depression and Psychosis Essay paper I will state some reservations about the validity of reproduce, some of the answers. Many thanks however to the students involved. The questionnaire with results can be read in Appendix 1. 2. For ease of reading in Depression this paper I refer to teachers as ‘she’ and students as ‘he’, as there generally seem to be more female teachers and more male students.

This convention has no other implications but convenience. 3.Barton, M and R Walton, 1991. Correction: Mistake Management. Hove: LTP. 4.See Appendix 2 for reproduce suggested layout. 5.Wilberg, P and M. Lewis. 1990. Business English. Dotcom Tesco. Hove: LTP. (Results are in italics)

There were 46 respondents. Do you think homework is bees important for learning English? very important. 26. quite important. Of Participation. 17. 2.How much homework do you think students should do each day?

less than 20 minutes . 5. 20 minutes to one hour . 33. more than one hour . 8. 3.How much time do you usually spend on your homework each day? less than 20 minutes . 8. 20 minutes to one hour . 22. one to two hours . Bees Reproduce. 15. more than two hours . Depression Essay. 1. 4.Where do you usually do your homework? (More than one answer often given) at home in your bedroom . 39.

at home in a room with other people . 2. in the study centre . How Do Bees. 11. in the classroom . 1. other . different every day. 5. When do you usually do your homework? (More than one answer often given) straight after school . Pushkin. 10. early evening . Reproduce. 24. late evening . 15. early morning . 0. during the Essay class . 0. different every day . 1. 6.Do you usually get any help with your homework? No: 31. If so, who helps you. another Bell student . 6. . English university students.

7. When you do work in the Workbook who should check your homework in your opinion?(More than one answer often given) you, using the key . How Do. 11. the teacher . 28. everybody together in nmc guidelines class the next day . 10. 9. What do you do with your homework when the teacher has marked it? (More than one answer often given) put it away and forget about how do, it . 3. read the teacher’s corrections . 22. talk to and Psychosis, the teacher about your mistakes . 22.

keep a note of your mistakes so you don’t repeat them . 12.

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2002 Apush Dbq Essays and Research Papers. 2002 AP DBQ In the years following the War of 1812, the bees reproduce “Era of Good Feelings” evolved between the lack years 1815 and 1825. In the . How Do Bees? first half of this period, there was a strong sense of nationalism throughout the United States. However, political changes and economic differences between the states warped this nationalism into the sectionalism that divided the nmc guidelines country into north, south and how do reproduce, west regions. Celebrations of unity within the of participation United States soon turned into disagreements concerning representation. American Civil War , Louisiana , Maryland 1460 Words | 4 Pages.

APUSH DBQ Lexus Weigand 3/3/14 From 1875 to 1900, there was a new kind of city in America, one that was based on . industry, and industry needs workers. The factories needed hundreds of workers to run machinery and other processes in manufacturing, but these workers were not treated properly and they wanted to do something to improve the way that they were treated. The organized labor, although it showed some minor successes, was overall very unsuccessful in improving the position of workers. History of the United States , Homestead Strike , Industrial unionism 962 Words | 3 Pages. ?Jack Magill APUSH /Period 4 18 November 2014 The Jacksonian Rule The 1820’s in the United States saw a presidential election won on a . “corrupt bargain”, a Yankee Misfit in office, and the end of the era of Good Feelings; the United States was desperate for a fresh new face to take office and restore power to how do reproduce, the people. Andrew Jackson and his comrades did what they believed in, what they thought was necessary to of participation, uphold the use of the constitution to guide the administration and give power to the. Andrew Jackson , Federal government of the United States , Georgia 1423 Words | 5 Pages. DBQ #1 When first founded, The New England and Chesapeake colonies were both very similar because of their English heritage and bees, their . mission to survive in the new world in which they had landed. Throughout the 1600’s the immigrants of the two regions longed for a new and protagonist, better life escaping religious persecution, poverty, and political tyranny.

Although their initial goals were the same, the bees reproduce two regions evolved into two very different and unique societies by the 1700’s based off of their social. Massachusetts , Massachusetts Bay Colony , New England 1402 Words | 4 Pages. DBQ - New England VS the Chesapeake Colonies Although New England and 2d video game, the Chesapeake region were both settled by people of English origin, by . How Do Reproduce? 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. There were social, political, and economic differences between the two regions. The main reason as to dotcom tesco, why this development occurred was that the Chesapeake concentrated on obtaining wealth whereas New England had strong religious beliefs. With different goals in mind, the two regions separated due.

England , Government , Greater London 902 Words | 3 Pages. Blue Block 3 APUSH 11/23/2012 2002 APUSH DBQ During 1825-1861, or the . Antebellum Era, there were many different social, religious, institutional and educational reform movements. Though, the leaders behind these goals were aspiring for a surreal goal, a utopian society, what they formed was a vastly improved nation. Some of the reform movements were the temperance movement, the 2nd great awakening, abolitionist movement, and bees, women's rights movement. These reform movements. American Civil War , Andrew Jackson , Democracy 305 Words | 2 Pages. Carson Mayes DBQ APUSH During the election of 1800, Jefferson ran for the Democratic-Republic party. His philosophy on . government had always been to marie winn, have a strict interpretation of the Constitution along with the strong belief in state rights over a strong central government that his opposing Federalist party wanted.

His beliefs on a frugal and limited government, reduced army and navy, and the repeal of bees, taxes were all issues that helped maintain his philosophy of government as well as. Alexander Hamilton , Alien and Sedition Acts , Federalism 880 Words | 3 Pages. Ollie Cunningham APUSH per. 5 October 31, 2010 Civil War and Reconstruction DBQ The United States Civil War was one of . Lack? America’s darkest hours of nationhood, but resulted in new rights and liberties for African Americans and revolutionized the United States for the better. The war resulted in the freedom of black slaves, and called for a complex reunification procedure to rejoin the depleted South and the high spirited North. Constitutional and social developments during the Civil War and. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Democratic Party 842 Words | 3 Pages. 2003 AP US DBQ The Progressive Era was a twenty year period, between 1900 and 1920, of much change in bees the U.S. Many Americans would begin . to stand up for what they believed was right. This would lead to a number of reforms to help improve American life. Laws passed under Presidents Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson, would dramatically change this country all the way into the present time.

As industry became a large part of urban America, many citizens were oppressed. Unfair and unsanitary conditions. African American , Democracy , Franklin D. Roosevelt 973 Words | 3 Pages. ? APUSH Document-Based Question #3 British rule over its American colonies was selfish and unfair. They were over three thousand miles away, . ruling from afar. Britain used the 2d video game colonies to get ahead economically and didn’t care what happened to how do, the colonies. Lack? They taxed the bees reproduce colonists and passed laws that the colonists believed infringed on their human rights of nmc guidelines, freedom. Many people believe that the how do Revolutionary War was a result of social and political differences and controversies. 2d Video Game? However, the. American Revolutionary War , British Empire , Colonialism 736 Words | 3 Pages. 990 DBQ Jackson’s followers were common men who believed in the rights for bees the lower and working classes, strict interpretation of the . constitution,and democracy instead of dotcom tesco, a republic.

Many of his followers were inspired when Jackson rose from little education and reproduce, social opportunity and took President, and they knew he would protect their rights and nmc guidelines, fight for the “Common man ,” instead of the elite. Supporters and followers of Andrew Jackson believed they were the guardians of the Constitution. Democracy , Second Bank of the United States , Social class 789 Words | 3 Pages. 9/30/14 A.P. U.S. History . 240-01 1993 DBQ In the 17th century, all of the 13 colonies in America were under British rule and shared the same religion, culture, language, and origin. By 1700, different colonial regions were developing different societies. Motivational, economical, and political. How Do? Connecticut , Massachusetts , Middle Colonies 923 Words | 3 Pages. ?James Dougherty APUSH Period 1 Mr.

Young “p2406From 1781 to 1789 the p2407Articles of Confederation provided the United States with an . effective government. Using the Essay documents and your knowledge of the period, evaluate this statement. From 1781 up until 1789 the United States government was based off of the principles of the Articles of Confederation which were created after the Revolutionary War. The articles of confederation created a republic which limited its leaders from much of. Articles of Confederation , Federal government of the United States , President of the United States 1147 Words | 4 Pages. ?Krista Angeliadis 12/17/14 APUSH Period 8 The era from 1860 to 1877 was a time of reproduce, . reconstruction and revolution in America. Many constitutional developments aided the reform movement, such as the ratification of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments, which granted African Americans voting and civil rights. Lack Of Participation? Though these changes seemed like a step in the right direction, social values such as white supremacy didn’t allow things to go as planned. How Do Bees? Despite. 2d Video Game? African American , Black people , Jim Crow laws 1031 Words | 4 Pages. Chapter 10 DBQ The ratification of the constitution in 1788 did not end the debate over the nature and functions of the . Reproduce? government.

Majors concerns arose from the ratification mainly involving too much federal power and not enough rights for African Americans. Though the constitution had many critics, I believe that constitution was fundamentally sound but just in need of minor adjustments. Nmc Guidelines? In the constitution slaves were given freedom, they just needed citizenship rights. Another. Reproduce? Federal government of the United States , President of the marie winn United States , Thomas Jefferson 871 Words | 3 Pages. How Do Bees? answer be sure to address the political, social, and economic effects of the Revolution in the period from dotcom tesco, 1775 to 1800. Notes from Mr. Williams: This . essay was g iven to 2 nd period APUSH on bees reproduce, their first in - class essay. Marie Winn? Included were 10 documents (if interested in seeing them, please come into class). The DBQ writer needed to take ideas and topics from the documents, and ADD significant outside fact and bees reproduce, analysis. Notice that this writer does a complete job. He/she deals with the entire question.

American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Nationalism 259 Words | 2 Pages. ? APUSH – DBQ’s SINCE 1995 1995 – Analyze the changes that occurred during the 1960’s in the goals, strategies, and support of the movement . for African-American civil rights. 1996 – In what ways and to lack of participation, what extent did constitutional and how do bees, social developments between 1860 and 1877 amount to a revolution? 1997 – To what extent did economic and political developments as well as assumptions about the 2d video game nature of bees, women affect the lack of participation position of American women during the bees period 1890-1925? 1998 – With respect. American Revolution , Cold War , Democratic Party 529 Words | 2 Pages. Albert Moncada Jr. Ms. Oberman AP U.S.

History, Period 6 2 February 2012 APUSH DBQ Reform movements in the United States . from 1825-1850 greatly benefited to expand democratic ideals that shape our nation today, but they also limited the expansion with some reforms. Reform movements took place in dotcom tesco the North to fight off the forced labor and cruelty of slavery, and bees, throughout the 2d video game states, religious revivals and women rights movements arose. These reform movements expanded the democratic ideals by. How Do Bees Reproduce? Democracy , Frederick Douglass , Human rights 729 Words | 2 Pages. DBQ Essay Chesapeake Colonies vs. New England Colonies The English had no desire to colonize the new world prior to defeating the Spanish . Dotcom Tesco? Armada. However, once they defeated the how do reproduce Spanish in 1588, thus ending Spanish colonization, the pushkin English became the bees reproduce rulers of the Atlantic and a newly found patriotism flourished in England.

The English had tried desperately to colonize the new world, failing two times before succeeding in Jamestown, Virginia, one of the Chesapeake Bay colonies. The northern most. British America , Chesapeake Bay , Colonialism 856 Words | 3 Pages. Late 19th century America was a time of both prosperity and poverty. Lack Of Participation? Although it is often remembered by the luxurious lives of those like the Rockefellers . and Carnagies, the majority of the population was a struggling working class. Entire families worked for 10 hours a day, 7 days a week in dangerous, unsanitary factories just to bees reproduce, have enough money for 2d video game dinner and the issue of upgrading these working conditions quickly came to the forefront of American reforms. The movement towards organized labor.

Collective bargaining , Eight-hour day , Employment 1962 Words | 6 Pages. DBQ The American Revolution changed the American society between 1775-1800. The areas in the American society that were changed were . economical, political, and social. Reproduce? ways. The new country had to set up their own government and deal with the problems that came along with it since it was inexperienced. That brought problems between the society and 2d video game, political side. Native Americans and women had their own concerns and opinions. Therefore, the American Revolution changed the American Society. How Do? ‘ . Lack Of Participation? American Revolution , Articles of Confederation , John Adams 386 Words | 2 Pages. Adams, Jefferson, Madison, and how do bees, Monroe Newman Schmalbach: Chapters 5 (pg 83) -8 QUIZ DATES (subject to change) Chapter 6 (and part of 5): Tuesday, . October 15 EXAM DATES Chapter 7: Tuesday, October 22 Chapter 8/9: Wednesday, October 30 Unit 2 DBQ : Monday October 28-Tuesday, October 29 Unit 2.1 IDs: Friday, October 25 Unit 2.2 IDs: Monday, November 4 Unit 2 Multiple Choice: Wednesday, November 6 Unit 2 Essay: Thursday, November 7 1. Which of the social changes brought about by nmc guidelines, the Revolution. American Revolution , Articles of Confederation , Native Americans in the United States 558 Words | 2 Pages. I have been asked to reproduce, speak on marie winn, the question how to make the best of how do, life, but may as well confess at once that I know nothing about it.

I cannot think that I . have made the best of my own life, nor is dotcom tesco it likely that I shall make much better of how do reproduce, what may or may not remain to me. I do not even know how to dotcom tesco, make the best of the twenty minutes that your committee has placed at how do bees my disposal, and as for dotcom tesco life as a whole, who ever yet made the how do bees reproduce best of such a colossal opportunity by conscious effort and deliberation. Afterlife , Consciousness , Death 2360 Words | 6 Pages. The colonies in New England were settled by a group of separatists called the Puritans, which were a tightly knitted community based on strong faith. . This community of New England Puritans influenced religious liberties, education, and obedience in the colonies from the 1630's-1660's by and Psychosis, relating them to their religious morals and how do, beliefs. ` As the pushkin protagonist Puritans began forming their governments and rules, much of New England was just beginning to be settled. Bees? Although in document E the Puritans. Christianity , Freedom of religion , God 869 Words | 3 Pages. ? DBQ In the time period 1925 – 1950 Chinese peasants, and Chinese created a bad relationship with each other. Peasants were stronger than the . Chinese Communist party supported by documents one, five, and six, peasants were the prime target for attacks instead of the Chinese Communist party supported by 2d video game, documents four, eight, and nine, and the peasants were more willing to fight the how do bees reproduce Japanese while the dotcom tesco Chinese Communist party was not so willing supported by documents two, and three. Peasants and the. Chen Duxiu , Chinese Civil War , Communism 828 Words | 3 Pages. ?Ariana Biagioni DBQ : Topic A: The Ancient Near East November 24, 2013 Professor Goldman During the time of Dynasty 18 in how do reproduce Egypt, many . religious, economic, and nmc guidelines, social connections were created amongst the various regions in the Near East. In these regions, new groups of people, religions, and empires were formed.

The Near East helped surface civilization. It established centralized governments, law codes, and writing systems. The Ancient Near Eastern Empires introduced the methods of agriculture. Ancient Near East , Assyria , Babylon 1120 Words | 4 Pages. APUSH - Cornwell FEB 16-24, 2011 1. INDUSTRIAL AMERICA in bees the LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY • Corporate consolidation of industry • . Effects of technological development on the worker and workplace • Labor and unions • National politics and influence of corporate power • Migration and immigration: changing face of the 2d video game nation • Proponents and opponents of the new order (e.g. “Social Darwinism and Social Gospel”) AMSCO pp. 333-347 (CH 17) EV pp. 543-573 (CH 18) ESSENTIAL. Capitalism , Chinese Exclusion Act , Collective bargaining 495 Words | 4 Pages. Kevin Li 1994 DBQ APUSH To what extent was late 19th century and early 20th century US expansionism a continuation of past US . expansionism and to how do bees, what extent was it a departure?

Over the years the United States expansionism has experienced many different changes. The United States has expanded for many different reasons such as the economy, land, and 2d video game, even God. Expansionism is now a continuation of past United States expansionism but was more so a departure. The United States. Atlantic Ocean , Manifest Destiny , Monroe Doctrine 680 Words | 2 Pages. APUSH DBQ ESSAY From 1775 to 1830, the United States gained their independence and began their formation of a new country. . How Do Bees? During this period, the ideas of the 2d video game Revolutionary War had an influence on the African Americans. A number of bees, African Americans were freed but the institution of slavery spread due to social and economic reasons.

Both the free African Americans and enslaved confronted and endure the challenges they faced as they fought for rights and equality. The Revolutionary War was a. African American , American Civil War , Black people 712 Words | 2 Pages. APUSH : DBQ ­ 1st Semester Final DISCLAIMER: This is NOT the Depression Essay only way to do this essay, don’t take any of this as gospel. Bees? We . Nmc Guidelines? are people. If you disagree, go ahead and bees, do it your way.

That will work too. We are not responsible for dotcom tesco your essay, that is your job. We are simply here to get a headstart. What is needed for bees a better DBQ ? more analysis beyond the marie winn basic information from the documents. Bees? ? look at relationships (this caused what to happen or emerge as a result of. ) even if the DBQ doesn't ask you to. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Andrew Jackson 757 Words | 3 Pages. Kibby 1 Pierce Kibby Thursday, February 28, 2013 Expansionism DBQ APUSH Expansionism Throughout American . history, growth has always been present in industry, economics, technology and many other fronts.

This of course began when the nmc guidelines first European settlers of America came from England. The most important growth our country has undergone is the growth of size. Starting at a few settlements and evolving into a world power in just a few hundred years illustrates the rate at which. Great power , Louisiana Purchase , Military 925 Words | 3 Pages. Bees Reproduce? Colonial America before 1763 (Brinkley- Ch. 1-3) Mrs.

Hedley- APUSH Unit I: Overview Overview of the Time Period: This unit focuses on the . settlement of the New World and early colonial history. It was during this time period that the original thirteen colonies were founded and began to evolve into three distinct areas divided by diverse cultural, economic, religious, political, and social differences = SECTIONALISM. Your Objectives: 1. To become familiar with the people, places, and events. British Empire , British North America , Colonial history of the United States 1135 Words | 7 Pages. Marie Winn? APUSH 29 November 2012 Slavery DBQ At the bees end of the Revolutionary war against Great Britain, the United States of America . was created as an independent country. Thus began the roots of an entirely new American identity. Taking influence from its former mother countries, the United States began its own system of lack, representative government. Furthermore, the American identity, shaped in the early years of 1775 to how do, 1830, incorporated the ideals of marie winn, agrarian farming, laissez-faire economic standpoint. American Civil War , American Revolutionary War , Native Americans in the United States 944 Words | 3 Pages. How Do? Paige Reinfeld Jacksonian DBQ The uproar of the people of the U.S. was heard after the corrupted elections of 1824. It wasn’t until 1828, . the year the protagonist Jacksonians came into power and satisfied the popular demand after a mudslinging battle against how do bees the aristocrats.

The Jacksonian Democrats claimed they were guardians of the Constitution, political democracy, individual liberties, and equal economic opportunity, but the 1820’s and 1830’s put those claims to the test. Dotcom Tesco? The Jacksonian Democrats claimed. Andrew Jackson , Democracy , Democratic Party 599 Words | 2 Pages. xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Period 1 15 April, 2013 Mrs. Nelson Civil Rights Take Home DBQ In the years before the 60’s, the African Americans . living all over the country were treated as less than every white person because of their skin color and their historical background of slavery and servitude. During the era of the 1960’s, the African Americans and part of the bees white community fought for equal civil rights. Average Americans, Black and marie winn, White, stood up against the opposing population to voice their. African American , Black people , John F. Kennedy 576 Words | 2 Pages. Jimmy Herrmann APUSH DBQ Essay Mrs. Rudolph The immediate years after the Civil War, 1860-1877, saw the United States . through a revolution. Reproduce? Reform movements and changing states of mind among the American people contributed to the revolution with regards to constitutional and social aspects of nmc guidelines, life at that time.

The passage of Civil Rights Legislation such as the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments; and, ironically, the KKK and other social events helped with the reform. Alone these things couldn’t. African American history , American Civil War , COINTELPRO 585 Words | 2 Pages. 1991 DBQ In the aftermath of World War I, during the years 1917-1921, President Wilson advocated the Treaty of Versailles, which called for . the principle of self-determination, the formation of a League of Nations, and general amnesty towards Germany, as the how do bees reproduce solution for peace. However, his unwillingness to compromise led to widespread disagreement. The opposition forces in the U.S. senate consisted of the reservationists, who were willing to ratify the Treaty of Versailles with amendments, and.

Central Powers , League of Nations , Paris Peace Conference, 1919 671 Words | 2 Pages. DBQ During the 2d video game 1800s, the United States more than tripled in size, covering the entire width of the continent. Throughout this period, they . united states acquired land through several different methods including the Louisiana purchase of 1803, the war of 1812, the trail of tears, the Mexican cession, and how do reproduce, the compromise of dotcom tesco, 1850. Each of reproduce, which came with its own group of supporters and opponents with different reasons of why or why not. 2d Video Game? However, every debate ultimately led to the United States government’s. Reproduce? Andrew Jackson , Louisiana , Louisiana Purchase 781 Words | 2 Pages. Zack Seldes 2000 DBQ The Second Industrial Revolution skyrocketed with new inventions and machines and changed how factories and jobs were . worked. As the industries grew, so did the marie winn need for bees unions among the workers. To a minimal degree, the unions were successful in very tiny things but not enough to improve the overall position of the worker. They were not highly successful, as they would be defeated and have to go back to square one.

The ruthless determination of big business to shut down. Of Participation? Capitalism , Collective bargaining , Employment 667 Words | 2 Pages. During the 1600s, British citizens left England and bees reproduce, began settling in the Chesapeake and New England regions, yet these regions developed differently. . Migrants came to the New World with distinct motives that, in effect made the regions develop differently; the nmc guidelines New Englanders came in search of religious freedom while the Chesapeake settlers came in search of how do bees, economic prosperity. The New Englanders search for religious freedom caused them to Essay, develop a diverse economy, societies with tightly bound. How Do Bees? England , Human migration , Massachusetts 1052 Words | 3 Pages. Morgan Ridley APUSH Gold 11/7/14 John Marshall as Chief Justice . America is in marie winn a time of governmental crisis between the Federal and State governments, and under one branch, the line between these is dictated by how do reproduce, constitutionality. John Marshall the lack of participation chief justice under the how do legislative branch of the united states ruled over many cases which established precedents for national supremacy over states rights, defined the roles of the Supreme Court and Congress, and of participation, provided the constitutional foundation for . Federal government of the United States , President of the United States , Supreme Court of the how do reproduce United States 725 Words | 2 Pages. AP US History DBQ Essay Even though the loyalist opposed the 2d video game American Revolution, Patriots wanted to create a nation with equality and how do reproduce, a . complete different society compared to the Great Britain (Doc B). They expressed the importance of people’s rights, economic strength, and dotcom tesco, freedom for every citizen.

However, the American Revolution did not meet the needs and hopes that they had expected; they have suffered from economic instability, failed to control their alliances with other countries, political. American Revolution , Articles of Confederation , Native Americans in the United States 689 Words | 2 Pages. Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois offered different strategies for dealing with the problems of poverty and discrimination faced by Black Americans at . the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries. Using the documents and your knowledge of the period 1877-1915, assess the appropriateness of each of these strategies in the historical context in which each was developed. In reference to the years between 1877 and 1915, I assessed that, based on between each of. How Do Reproduce? African American , Black people , Negro 1318 Words | 4 Pages. For many years before the actual Revolutionary War, the Americans and the British already had built up grievances and lack of participation, hate between each other.

Some may argue . How Do Bees Reproduce? with such tension, war was inevitable. In the famous Declaration of Independence, the Americans not only declared their freedom but also included a list of dotcom tesco, their grievances addressed to King George III. The events leading to these accusations explain the bees complaints leveled against nmc guidelines the King and prove their validity. One of the charges against. American Revolution , Benjamin Franklin , Boston Tea Party 1479 Words | 4 Pages.

The Labor Movement generated opposition from both the government and the public since them both saw unions as violent and lawless. The government used force . to how do bees reproduce, control the of participation unions showing their disgust for the views and actions of how do bees, these organizations. Well- organized and growing businesses took the nmc guidelines advantage in the struggle with labor, so the workers started labor unions. The very first labor union, The National Labor Union was started in 1866. This union lasted for six years and had 600,000 members. American Railway Union , Employment , Eugene V. Debs 930 Words | 3 Pages. ?A Discourse to Promote Colonization (1584) 1. Hakluyt’s arguments for colonization included agricultural use of the land, spread of their religion, easy to . travel to (for trade), it would increase money in the economy because they would stop trade with other countries, they could increase their realm with their wealth that they earn from colonization of America, and they could defeat their enemies with their new found wealth. Some of the arguments are more persuasive the others after four hundred. Native Americans in how do bees reproduce the United States 1613 Words | 5 Pages. Ganigan, Li, Wong 1 Anastasiya Li, Kaili Ganigan, Vanessa Wong Miss Conner AP US History 10 December 2014 . Historians have traditionally labeled the period after the War of 1812 the “Era of marie winn, Good Feelings.” Evaluate the how do bees reproduce accuracy of this label, considering the emergence of marie winn, nationalism and sectionalism.

Use the documents and bees reproduce, your knowledge of the period 1815­1825 to construct your answer. The Era of pushkin protagonist, Good Feelings, which took place during James Monroe's two terms serving as President of the United States. Marxism 814 Words | 7 Pages. “From 1781 to 1789 the Articles of Confederation provided the United States with an how do bees reproduce, effective government.” This statement is quite bold considering that the . Articles lasted only eight years. In some ways this form of government was effective and in some ways it was not. It did provide the newly formed American colonies with the means to govern themselves in the manner that they wished to be governed and set the rules for operations of the lack United States government. On the how do bees reproduce other hand, it was ineffective. Articles of Confederation , Massachusetts , Northwest Ordinance 832 Words | 3 Pages. Conflicts Between Great Britain and the North American Colonies During the 18th century, many conflicts arose between Great Britain and pushkin protagonist, the North American . colonies. Reproduce? These conflicts are eventually what led to the American Revolution. These tensions between Britain and the colonies were a combination of nmc guidelines, both economic interests, and political/social differences. Economic conflicts between the two included “The Navigation Law”, “The Sugar Act”, “The Stamp Act”, restrictions on trade, and bees reproduce, more.

Political. Lack? American Revolution , Boston Tea Party , British Empire 1147 Words | 4 Pages. How Do Bees Reproduce? The American Revolution shocked the nmc guidelines world; no one had ever expected a small group of colonies to fight for and win their own independence from the reproduce seemingly . Pushkin Protagonist? greatest and most omnipresent country on earth. Americans had worked for and thought about the moment of bees, their freedom for years, and their sense of individuality ran deep. By the eve of the American Revolution, colonists in America had developed a strong sense of identity as Americans, but only somewhat of unity as a single country.

In events. American Revolution , Benjamin Franklin , Boston Tea Party 969 Words | 3 Pages. During the Washington, Adams, and Jefferson administrations (from 1776 to 1807) neutrality was America’s main foreign policy. In determining that neutrality . was the overall focus of American diplomacy, one must assess the deviations from, as well as the success, of neutrality. Neutrality was originally implemented by George Washington in order to maintain the young country’s best interests. However, lapses in 2d video game neutrality occurred when the government was forced to favor one foreign power, either Great. American Revolutionary War , Europe , George Washington 1401 Words | 4 Pages. Bees? ?Throughout America’s history, few things have left the nation in such controversial turmoil as the Vietnam War. With an American death toll of almost . Lack? 60,000 troops, the Vietnam War has gone down in infamy as one of the most tremendous struggles Americans have faced both overseas and on how do reproduce, the home front. Because of the tumultuous controversies caused by the war, Americans split into two social factions – those against the war and those who supported it.

During the years of 1961-1975 - the era in. Cold War , Gerald Ford , John F. Kennedy 884 Words | 3 Pages. Democracy on a Leash (Wethersfield DBQ) Connecticut. Above observation could not be brushed off as the protagonist comments from an how do, Anglican clergyman, as the laws of 1770 clearly spell these. Nmc Guidelines? In essence, the . religious freedom was severely curtailed from reproduce, 1750-1780. Source: ( DBQ ) Congregational church , Connecticut , Connecticut General Assembly 919 Words | 3 Pages. APUSH DBQ As World War II was coming to an end during 1945, the creation of dotcom tesco, one of the most destructive weapons known to . humanity occurred within the United States. This weapon, known as “the atomic bomb,” was used on the two Japanese cities: Hiroshima and Nagasaki, resulting in a death toll unprecedented by any military weapon used before and an immediate, unconditional surrender. Some historians believe President Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb in order to intimidate the Soviet Union whereas.

Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Cold War , Franklin D. Roosevelt 949 Words | 3 Pages. ?Caleb Aleshire Mr. Miller APUSH February 2, 2015 Native Americans DBQ (1877-1900) In the late 1800s, Americans were continuing . to expand Westward as they “worried that the bees Northeast was overpopulated and 2d video game, that, as a result, the country would face the same problems as Europe—class conflict, poverty, and urban ills” (Document I). From 1850 to 1890, the Native lands ceded went from Midwest America to the Pacific Coast (Document A). Bees Reproduce? This presented a similar problem that they had faced in pushkin the past with. Dawes Act , Hawaii , Indigenous peoples of the how do bees Americas 998 Words | 4 Pages. Depression Essay? Miki Zaganjor APUSH (Matson) 9/19/13 Era of Good Feelings: DBQ The Era of how do bees reproduce, Good Feelings: America's Glory Years In an . aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars, feuding powers across the dotcom tesco nation, and how do, a general chaos, the 2d video game Era of how do bees reproduce, Good Feelings marked a period in the political history of the United States that reflected a sense of 2d video game, national purpose and a desire for unity among Americans. In the era, the collapse and downfall of the Federalist party was seen, thus an end to the bitter partisan disputes. Democratic-Republican Party , Era of Good Feelings , Henry Clay 896 Words | 3 Pages.

3 essays Doesn’t matter which essay you write first Label the essay so that a reader can figure out bees reproduce, which one you are writing ? or 50% of total test score . and each essay is equally weighted Must not spent all of Depression Essay, your time on one essay although the how do DBQ will take a little longer as you must read the marie winn documents Every single point count and even if you are running out of bees reproduce, time you write whatever you can 3. Document Based Question Know the rubric Quickly tackle the documents to look for nmc guidelines categories to form. 20th century , Cold War , Essay 1442 Words | 4 Pages. Sam Maney APUSH 10/24 Block C Both nationalism and sectionalism increased during the Era of Good Feelings, however, nationalism became . of greater importance in how do bees economics and politics. This is marie winn shown in many documents from this time period. They talk about “Our Country” and the US as a whole instead of individual states. The documents also talk about “Us” not just states individually.

Also about creating a “American System” and and American identity, which helps to prove nationalism was of. Economics , Free trade , Henry Clay 317 Words | 2 Pages. How Do Bees? Bandie Ouch APUSH , Period 2 December 3, 2013 Chapter 13 Study Guide People/Terms: Seneca Falls Convention- A convention on July 19th and . 20th in the year of 1848 that discussed the social, civil and dotcom tesco, religious condition and rights of women. This meet up was organized by men and women to boost the rights of women. Bees? The main focus of Depression and Psychosis Essay, this event was the Declaration of Sentiments. Declaration of Sentiments- Written at how do bees reproduce the Seneca Falls Convention to announce the rights women should have. It is modeled. Declaration of Sentiments , Elizabeth Cady Stanton , Lucretia Mott 899 Words | 2 Pages. Annotated DBQ Rubric: Buddhism in China Sample DBQ Question: Based on the following documents, analyze the responses to the . spread of Buddhism in dotcom tesco China. What additional kind of document(s) would you need to evaluate the extent of Buddhism’s appeal in China? Point # Generic Description Explanation/ Commentary Examples and Commentary 1 Has acceptable thesis.

Thesis addresses the specific focus of the how do question. The thesis should reflect a sophisticated understanding of the complexities.

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essay dated tazuma An Essay on how do reproduce Radiometric Dating. By Jonathon Woolf. Radiometric dating methods are the strongest direct evidence that geologists have for the age of the Earth. All these methods point to Earth being very, very old -- several billions of 2d video game years old. Young-Earth creationists -- that is, creationists who believe that Earth is no more than 10,000 years old -- are fond of attacking radiometric dating methods as being full of reproduce inaccuracies and riddled with sources of error.

When I first became interested in the creation-evolution debate, in late 1994, I looked around for sources that clearly and simply explained what radiometric dating is and why young-Earth creationists are driven to dotcom tesco discredit it. I found several good sources, but none that seemed both complete enough to stand alone and simple enough for a non-geologist to understand them. Thus this essay, which is my attempt at producing such a source. What is radiometric dating? Simply stated, radiometric dating is a way of determining the age of a sample of how do material using the dotcom tesco decay rates of radio-active nuclides to provide a 'clock.' It relies on three basic rules, plus a couple of critical assumptions. The rules are the same in all cases; the how do reproduce assumptions are different for each method. To explain those rules, I'll need to nmc guidelines talk about bees reproduce, some basic atomic physics. There are 90 naturally occurring chemical elements. Elements are identified by their atomic number , the number of protons in the atom's nucleus. All atoms except the 2d video game simplest, hydrogen- 1, have nuclei made up of how do bees reproduce protons and neutrons. Dotcom Tesco? Hydrogen-1's nucleus consists of only reproduce a single proton.

Protons and neutrons together are called nucleons , meaning particles that can appear in the atomic nucleus. A nuclide of an element, also called an isotope of an element, is an atom of that element that has a specific number of nucleons. Since all atoms of the same element have the 2d video game same number of protons, different nuclides of an element differ in reproduce, the number of neutrons they contain. For example, hydrogen-1 and hydrogen-2 are both nuclides of the element hydrogen, but hydrogen-1's nucleus contains only a proton, while hydrogen-2's nucleus contains a proton and a neutron. Uranium-238 contains 92 protons and 146 neutrons, while uranium-235 contains 92 protons and 143 neutrons. To keep it short, a nuclide is usually written using the element’s abbreviation. Uranium’s abbreviation is U, so uranium-238 can be more briefly written as U238.

Many nuclides are stable -- they will always remain as they are unless some external force changes them. Some, however, are unstable -- given time, they will spontaneously undergo one of the several kinds of radioactive decay, changing in the process into another element. There are two common kinds of radioactive decay, alpha decay and beta decay . In alpha decay, the radioactive atom emits an alpha particle . An alpha particle contains two protons and two neutrons. After emission, it quickly picks up two electrons to balance the two protons, and becomes an electrically neutral helium-4 (He4) atom. When a nuclide emits an alpha particle, its atomic number drops by 2, and its mass number (number of nucleons) drops by 4. Thus, an atom of dotcom tesco U238 (uranium, atomic number 92) emits an alpha particle and becomes an atom of Th234 (thorium, atomic number 90). A beta particle is an electron. When an atom emits a beta particle, a neutron inside the how do nucleus is transformed to a proton. The mass number doesn't change, but the Depression Essay atomic number goes up by 1. Thus, an atom of carbon-14 (C14), atomic number 6, emits a beta particle and bees becomes an atom of nitrogen-14 (N14), atomic number 7. A third, very rare type of radioactive decay is called electron absorption . In electron absorption, a proton absorbs an nmc guidelines electron to become a neutron. In other words, electron absorption is the exact reverse of beta decay.

The mass number doesn’t change, while the how do bees atomic number goes down by 1. So an marie winn atom of potassium-40 (K40), atomic number 19 can absorb an electron to become an how do bees reproduce atom of protagonist argon-40 (Ar40), atomic number 18. The half-life of a radioactive nuclide is defined as the time it takes half of a sample of the element to bees reproduce decay. Of Participation? A mathematical formula can be used to calculate the half-life from the number of bees breakdowns per second in a sample of the nuclide. Marie Winn? Some nuclides have very long half-lives, measured in billions or even trillions of years. Others have extremely short half-lives, measured in tenths or hundredths of a second. Reproduce? The decay rate and therefore the half-life are fixed characteristics of nmc guidelines a nuclide. How Do Bees Reproduce? They don’t change at all. Marie Winn? That’s the how do reproduce first axiom of radiometric dating techniques: the half-life of a given nuclide is a constant. Dotcom Tesco? (Note that this doesn’t mean the half-life of an element is a constant. Different nuclides of the same element can have substantially different half-lives.)

The half-life is a purely statistical measurement. It doesn’t depend on the age of individual atoms. A sample of how do reproduce U238 ten thousand years old will have precisely the same half-life as one ten billion years old. So, if we know how much of the nmc guidelines nuclide was originally present, and how much there is now, we can easily calculate how long it would take for bees reproduce the missing amount to decay, and therefore how long it’s been since that particular sample was formed. Nmc Guidelines? That’s the bees reproduce essence of radiometric dating: measure the nmc guidelines amount that’s present, calculate how much is missing, and figure out how long it would take for reproduce that quantity of the nuclide to break down.

Because it’s a statistical measure- ment , there’s always a margin of error in the age figure, but if the procedure is done properly, the margin is very small. Obviously, the major question here is how much of the nuclide was originally present in our sample? In some cases, we don’t know. Such cases are useless for radiometric dating. Dotcom Tesco? We must know the original quantity of the parent nuclide in order to date our sample radiometrically . Fortunately, there are cases where we can do that. In order to do so, we need a nuclide that’s part of a mineral compound.

Why? Because there’s a basic law of chemistry that says Chemical processes like those that form minerals cannot distinguish between different nuclides of the same element. They simply can’t do it. How Do Bees? If an element has more than one nuclide present, and a mineral forms in a magma melt that includes that element, the Depression and Psychosis element’s different nuclides will appear in the mineral in precisely the same ratio that they occurred in the environment where and when the mineral was formed. This is the second axiom of how do bees radiometric dating. The third and final axiom is that when an atom undergoes radioactive decay, its internal structure and also its chemical behavior change. Losing or gaining atomic number puts the atom in a different row of the periodic table, and elements in different rows behave in different ways. The new atom doesn’t form the same kinds of chemical bonds that the old one did. Nmc Guidelines? It may not form the same kinds of how do bees reproduce compounds. It may not even be able to marie winn hold the parent atom’s place in the compound it finds itself in, which results in an immediate breaking of the chemical bonds that hold the atom to the others in the mineral. Why not? you might ask.

Well, an atom’s chemical activity pattern is a result of its electron shell structure. (The exact details of this are rather complicated, so I won’t go into them here.) When the number of bees electrons change, the of participation shell structure changes too. So when an atom decays and how do bees reproduce changes into an atom of a different element, its shell structure changes and it behaves in a different way chemically. That’s it. 2d Video Game? That’s the sum total of the chemical and physical basis of radiometric dating. That’s all you really need to know to understand radiometric dating techniques. How do these axioms translate into useful science?

In the next part of how do this article, I’ll examine several different radiometric dating techniques, and show how the axioms I cited above translate into useful age measurements. This section describes several common methods of radiometric dating. To start, let's look at the one which almost everyone has heard of: radiocarbon dating, AKA carbon-14 dating or just carbon dating. Method 1: Carbon-14 Dating. The element carbon occurs naturally in three nuclides: C12, C13, and C14. The vast majority of carbon atoms, about 98.89%, are C12.

About one atom in 800 billion is C14. The remainder are C13. Of the three, C12 and C13 are stable. C14 is radioactive, with a half-life of 5730 years. C14 is also formed continuously from N14 (nitrogen-14) in the upper reaches of the atmosphere. Depression And Psychosis? And since carbon is an essential element in how do, living organisms, C14 appears in all terrestrial ( landbound ) living organisms in the same proportions it appears in the atmosphere. Plants and nmc guidelines protists get C14 from the environment. Animals and fungi get C14 from the plant or animal tissue they eat for food. When an organism dies, it stops taking in C14. How Do Bees Reproduce? The C14 already in the organism doesn’t stop decaying, so as time goes on there is lack less and less C14 left in the organism’s remains.

If we measure how much C14 there currently is, we can tell how much there was when the organism died, and therefore how much has decayed. When we know how much has decayed, we know how old the sample is. Many archaeological sites have been dated by applying radiocarbon dating to samples of bone, wood, or cloth found there. Radiocarbon dating depends on how do bees reproduce several assumptions. One is that the dotcom tesco thing being dated is organic in origin. Radiocarbon dating does not work on anything inorganic, like rocks or fossils. Only things that once were alive and now are dead: bones, teeth, flesh, leaves, etc. The second assumption is that the organism in question got its carbon from the atmosphere.

A third is that the thing has remained closed to how do reproduce C14 since the organism from which it was created died. The fourth one is that we know what the concentration of atmospheric C14 was when the organism lived and died. That last one is more important than it sounds. When Professor William Libby developed the C14 dating system in 1949, he assumed that the amount of C14 in the atmosphere was a constant. Nmc Guidelines? However, after a few years a number of scientists got suspicious of bees reproduce this assumption, because dates obtained by the C14 method weren’t tallying with dates obtained by other means. A long series of studies of Depression and Psychosis C14 content produced an equally long series of corrective factors that must be taken into account when using C14 dating. So the dates derived from how do bees reproduce C14 decay had to be revised. One reference on radiometric dating lists an entire array of Depression and Psychosis corrective factors for the change in atmospheric C14 over time. C14 dating serves as both an illustration of how useful radiometric dating can be, and of the pitfalls that can be found in untested assumptions. Method 2: U238/U235/Th232 Series.

U238 and U235 are both nuclides of the element uranium. How Do? U235 is well known as the major fissionable nuclide of uranium. It’s the primary active ingredient of nuclear power plant reactor cores. It has a half-life of roughly 700 million years. U238 is more stable, with a half-life of 4.3 billion years. Th232 is the nmc guidelines most common nuclide of the element thorium, and how do bees reproduce has a half-life of 13.9 billion years.

All three of these nuclides are the marie winn starting points for what are called radioactive series . How Do Bees? A radioactive series is a sequence of nuclides that form one from another by radioactive decay. The series for U238 looks like this: Th234 -- Pa234 + B. Th230 -- Ra226 + A. Ra226 -- Rn222 + A. Rn222 -- Po218 + A. Po218 -- Pb214 + A.

Pb214 -- Bi214 + B. Bi214 -- Po214 + B. Po214 -- Pb210 + A. Pb210 -- Bi210 + B. Bi210 -- Po210 + B. Po210 -- Pb206 + A. (Chemical symbols: U = Uranium; Th = Thorium; Pa = Protactinium; Ra = Radium; Rn = Radon; Po = Polonium; Pb = Lead; Bi = Bismuth. A indicates alpha decay; B indicates beta decay.) We can calculate the half-lives of all of these elements. All the intermediate nuclides between U238 and Pb206 are highly unstable, with short half-lives. That means they don’t stay around very long, so we can take it as given that these nuclides don’t appear on Earth today except as the pushkin protagonist result of how do uranium decay.

We can find out the normal distribution of lead nuclides by dotcom tesco looking at a lead ore that doesn’t contain any uranium, but that formed under the same conditions and from the same source as our uranium-bearing sample. How Do? Then any excess of Pb206 must be the result of the nmc guidelines decay of U238. When we know how much excess Pb206 there is, and how do we know the current quantity of U238, we can calculate how long the U238 in our sample has been decaying, and therefore how long ago the rock formed. Th232 and U235 also give rise to radioactive series -- different series from protagonist that of U238, containing different nuclides and ending in different nuclides of lead. Chemists can apply similar techniques to all three, resulting in three different dates for the same rock sample. Bees Reproduce? (Uranium and thorium have similar chemical behavior, so all three of these nuclides frequently occur in the same ores.) If all three dates agree within the lack margin of error, the date can be accepted as confirmed beyond a reasonable doubt. Since all three of these nuclides have substantially different half-lives, for all three to agree indicates the technique being used is sound.

But even so, radioactive-series dating could be open to question. It’s always possible that migration of nuclides or chemical changes in the rock could yield incorrect results. The rock being dated must remain a closed system with respect to uranium, thorium, and their daughter nuclides for the method to work properly. Both the uranium and thorium series include nuclides of radon, an inert gas that can migrate through rock fairly easily even in the few days it lasts. How Do? To have a radiometric dating method that is unquestionably accurate, we need a radioactive nuclide for marie winn which we can get absolutely reliable measurements of the original quantity and bees reproduce the current quantity. Is there any such nuclide to be found in nature? The answer is yes.

Which brings us to the third method of radiometric dating . Essay? . . Method 3: Potassium-Argon Dating. The element potassium has three nuclides, K39, K40, and K41. Only K40 is bees radioactive; the pushkin protagonist other two are stable. K40 is how do bees unusual among radioactive nuclides in that it can break down two different ways. It can emit a beta particle to become Ca40 (calcium-40), or it can absorb an electron to become Ar40 (argon-40). Argon is a very special element. It’s one of the group of elements called noble gases or inert gases. Argon is a gas at Earth-normal temperatures, and in any state it exists only as single atoms. And Psychosis? It doesn’t form chemical compounds with any other element, not even the most active ones. It’s a fairly large atom, so it would have trouble slipping into a dense crystal’s molecular structure. By contrast, potassium and calcium are two of the most active elements in nature.

They both form compounds readily and hold onto other atoms tenaciously. What does this mean? It means that potassium can get into minerals quite easily, but argon can’t. It means that before a mineral crystallizes, argon can escape from it easily. It also means that when an atom of reproduce argon forms from an atom of potassium inside the mineral, the argon is trapped in marie winn, the mineral. How Do? So any Ar40 we find deep inside a rock sample must be there as a result of pushkin protagonist K40 decay. We know K40’s half-life, and we know the how do probability of K40 decaying to Ar40 instead of Ca40. That and some simple calculations produce a figure for dotcom tesco how long the K40 has been decaying in our rock sample.

However, again it’s important to remember that we’re dealing with assumptions , and we always have to keep in reproduce, mind that our assumptions may be wrong. What happens if our mineral sample has not remained a closed system? What if argon has escaped from the dotcom tesco mineral? What if argon has found its way into the mineral from how do reproduce some other source? If some of the dotcom tesco radiogenic argon has escaped, then more K40 must have decayed than we think -- enough to reproduce produce what we did find plus what escaped.

If more K40 has decayed than we think, then it’s been decaying longer than we think, so the mineral must be older than we think. In other words, a mineral that has lost argon will be older than the result we get says it is. In the other direction, if excess argon has gotten into the mineral, it will be younger than the result we get says it is. An isochron dating method ( isochron dating is described in the next section) can also be applied to potassium-argon dating under certain very specific circumstances. When isochron dating can be used, the result is a much more accurate date. Method 4: Rubidium-Strontium Dating. Yet a fourth method, rubidium-strontium dating, is pushkin even better than potassium-argon dating for old rocks. The nuclide rubidium-87 (Rb87) decays to strontium-87 (Sr87) with a half-life of 47 billion years. How Do Reproduce? Strontium occurs naturally as a mixture of several nuclides. 2d Video Game? If three minerals form at the same time in different regions of how do reproduce a magma chamber, they will have identical ratios of the different strontium nuclides. (Remember, chemical processes can’t differentiate between nuclides). The total amount of strontium might be different in the different minerals, but the ratios will be the same.

Now, suppose that one mineral has a lot of Rb87, another has very little, and the third has an in-between amount. That means that when the minerals crystallize there is nmc guidelines a fixed ratio of Rb87:Sr87. How Do? As time goes on, atoms of Rb87 decay to Sr-87, resulting in a change in lack of participation, the Rb87:Sr87 ratio, and also in a change in the ratio of Sr87 to other nuclides of strontium. The decrease in the Rb87:Sr87 ratio is exactly matched by the gain of Sr87 in the strontium-nuclide ratio. It has to how do reproduce be -- the two sides of the equation must balance.

If we plot the change in the two ratios for these three minerals, the resulting graph comes out as a straight line with an ascending slope. This line is called an isochron . Pushkin? The line’s slope then translates directly into a figure for bees the age of the rock that contains the different minerals. The power of the Rb/Sr dating method is nmc guidelines enormous, for it provides multiple independent ways of how do bees reproduce verifying the accuracy of the isochron . When every one of marie winn four or five different minerals from the same igneous formation matches the reproduce isochron perfectly, it can safely be said that the isochron is of participation correct beyond a reasonable doubt. Contaminated or otherwise bad samples stand out like a lighthouse beacon, because they don’t show a good isochron line. There are numerous other radiometric dating methods: the bees reproduce samarium-neodymium, lutetium-hafnium, rhenium-osmium, and lead isochron methods just to name a few. Marie Winn? However, I simply haven’t time or room to deal with all of them. Bees? For further information on marie winn all methods of radiometric dating, please refer to how do reproduce Gunter Faure’s textbook PRINCIPLES OF ISOTOPE GEOLOGY. A full cite for this book is given in the bibliography. III . Possible Sources of Error. Now, why is all this relevant to the creation-vs.-evolution debate? Every method of radiometric dating ever used points to an ancient age for Depression Essay the Earth.

For creationists to destroy the old-Earth theory, they must destroy the credibility of radiometric dating. Reproduce? They have two ways to and Psychosis Essay do this. They can criticize the science that radiometric dating is how do bees reproduce based on, or they can claim sloppy technique and experimental error in the laboratory analyses of radioactivity levels and marie winn nuclide ratios. Option 1: Criticize the Theory. Is there any way to criticize the theory of radiometric dating? Well, look back at the axioms of radiometric dating methods. Reproduce? Are any of those open to pushkin question. How Do Bees Reproduce? Answer: yes, two of them are.

Or at least, they seem to be. Nmc Guidelines? Do we know, for a fact, that half-lives are constant (axiom 1)? Do we know for bees reproduce a fact that nuclide ratios are constant (axiom 2)? Regarding the first question: There are sound theoretical reasons for accept- ing the constancy of nuclide half-lives, but the reasons are based in the remote and nmc guidelines esoteric reaches of quantum mechanics, and I don’t intend to get into bees, that in this article. However, if all we had were theoretical reasons for nmc guidelines believing axiom 1, we would be right to be suspicious of it. Do we have observational evidence? The answer is yes. On several occasions, astronomers have been able to analyze the radiation produced by how do reproduce supernovas. In a supernova, the vast amount of energy released creates every known nuclide via atomic fusion and fission. 2d Video Game? Some of bees these nuclides are radioactive. We can detect the presence of the various nuclides by spectrographic analysis of the supernova’s radiation.

We can also detect the characteristic radiation signatures of radioactive decay in those nuclides. Dotcom Tesco? We can use that information to calculate the half-lives of those nuclides. In every case where this has been done, the reproduce measured radiation intensity and the calculated half-life of the nuclide from the supernova matches extremely well with measurements of that nuclide made here on lack of participation Earth. Now, because light travels at a fixed rate (a bit under 300,000 kilometers per how do bees reproduce, second), and because stars are so far away, when we look at a distant star we’re seeing it as it was when that light left it and protagonist headed this way. When we look at a star in the Andromeda Galaxy, 2,700,000 light-years away, we’re seeing that star as it was 2,700,000 years ago. Reproduce? And when we look at marie winn a supernova in the Andromeda Galaxy, 2,700,000 years old, we see nuclides with the exact same half-lives as we see here on Earth. Not just one or two nuclides, but many. For these measurements to all be consistently wrong in reproduce, exactly the same way, most scientists feel, is Depression and Psychosis Essay beyond the realm of possibility. What about nuclide ratios? Are they indeed constant? Well, let’s think about it: Minerals form by recognized chemical processes that depend on the chemical activity of the elements involved.

The chemical behavior of an element depends on its size and reproduce the number of electrons in its outer shell. This is the marie winn foundation of the how do periodic table of the elements, a basic part of chemistry that has stood without challenge for a hundred and fifty years. The shell structure depends only on the number of electrons the nuclide has, which is the same as the number of protons in its nucleus. So the shell structure doesn’t change between different nuclides of the same element. K39 is chemically identical to K40; the dotcom tesco only way we can distinguish between them is to bees use a nonchemical technique like mass spectrometry. (Note: It’s true that some natural processes favor some isotopes over others. Water molecules containing oxygen-16 are lighter and therefore evaporate faster than water molecules with oxygen-18.

However, as far as is known such fractionation occurs only with light nuclides: oxygen, hydrogen, carbon. The atoms used in radiometric dating techniques are mainly heavy atoms, so we can still use the axiom that mineral-forming processes can’t distinguish between different nuclides.) So the processes that are involved in mineral formation can’t distinguish between nuclides. Sr86 atoms and Essay Sr87 atoms behave identically when they bond with other atoms to form a mineral molecule. If there are ten Sr86 atoms for every Sr87 atom in the original magma melt, there will be ten Sr86 atoms for every Sr87 atom in the minerals that crystallize from that melt.

Option 2: Criticize the how do Techniques. So, we’ve seen that radiometric dating techniques are built on a sound theoretical basis. The only other possible source of error is in laboratory technique. To translate theory into useful measurements, the lab procedures must be accurate. A contaminated rock sample is useless for dating. 2d Video Game? A sample that is taken from the surface, where atoms could get in and out easily, is how do also useless.

Samples must be taken by coring, from deep within a rock mass. To date a rock, chemists must break it down into its component elements using any of several methods, then analyze nuclide ratios using a mass spectrometer. If the lab technique is sloppy, the date produced isn’t reliable. There’s no way to eliminate the possibility of error. It can’t be done. Mistakes can always happen -- Murphy’s Law rules in science as much as in any other field of human endeavor. (For those who have never encountered it, Murphy’s Law is the dotcom tesco simple rule that in any field of human endeavor, anything that can go wrong will go wrong.) But we can try to minimize error. And when we do, the dates produced can be accepted as accurate. When samples taken from different parts of a given igneous rock formation are dated by bees different people at marie winn different labs over many years, the possibility that all those measurements could be wrong is vanishingly small.

Some may well be wrong. If nine analyses agree, and how do bees a tenth produces radically different results, the odd-man-out is usually considered a result of some kind of error and discarded. If the researcher doing the work can find and document a specific problem in marie winn, analysis that could produce precisely that observed wrong result, then it’s virtually certain the odd-man-out is an error. A 90% success ratio in a technique that requires such delicate, accurate work is very impressive. And some radiometric techniques have a much better success ratio than that. In any case, while it’s true that there are numerous possible sources of error, there is no source of error that could account for the enormous difference between the 6000-year age demanded by young-Earth creationists and how do bees reproduce the 3.5-billion-year radiometric age for the oldest known rocks on Earth. It’s completely illogical to think that these techniques could be wrong by that much. Creationist objections to radiometric dating techniques basically fall into three categories: 1) Creationists often claim that radiometric dates are unreliable because the entire theory is based on invalid assumptions. We’ve already seen that this doesn’t hold up under examination.

The assumptions that are used in radiometric dating techniques are perfectly justified given current physics. 2) Creationist geologists compile long lists of dates obtained by radiometric techniques that deviate widely from the normally accepted values. Creationist geologist John Woodmorappe is the best known of the creationists who attempt this approach. He’s compiled a list of several hundred radiometric dates that are widely divergent from the values accepted by marie winn conventional geology. Based on this, he claims that radiometric dating methods don't produce consistent results, that geologists conceal radiometric dates which don't match what's expected, and that therefore the whole methodology of radiometric dating is worthless.

In general, such claims are revealed as flawed by what they don’t say more than by what they do say. Reproduce? In an marie winn article for the creationist journal Creation Science Research Quarterly , Woodmorappe listed 350-odd aberrant dates, and claimed that there are many, many more. What he did not say is how do bees reproduce that those 350 were winnowed out of tens of thousands of radiometric dates which do give more reasonable results. If we run dating tests on 500 samples and Depression 350 (70% of the total tests) are scattered all over the place, with only a few anywhere near the how do reproduce expected values, then we clearly have a serious problem. But if we run dating tests on 10,000 samples and dotcom tesco get 350 aberrant results (3.5% of the total), that could easily be simple experimental error. If we test fifty samples from the same rock formation and we get 2 ages of 1 million years, 2 ages of 500 million years, and how do bees 46 ages all clustered around 175 million years, it’s not a great leap of logic to conclude that the 4 aberrant results were in error, and the 46 clustered results are probably correct. 3) Some creationists produce radiometric dates of their own that show that radiometric dating produces illogical, contradictory results. A classic example of this tactic is a claim by creationist geologist Steve Austin that rocks taken from Recent lava flows on 2d video game the Uinkaret Plateau at the top of the Grand Canyon produce older dates than rocks taken from the bottom of the canyon, when both samples are dated using the Rb87/Sr87 isochron method. This appears to be a serious blow against the Rb/Sr isochron technique, but in his article A Criticism of ICR's Grand Canyon Dating Project, Chris Stassen points out that Austin made a critical error in bees, his work.

The samples he took from the Plateau are from different rock formations. Lack? For any type of bees reproduce radiometric dating to work properly, all samples must come from the Depression and Psychosis Essay same formation. So it’s not surprising that Austin ’s results make no sense. We’re still not done, though. If all we had was the radiometric techniques that I’ve described, there would remain a possibility (a miniscule one, but a real possibility nonetheless) that the entire idea is how do grievously wrong, that some as-yet-undetected factor is throwing off all the hundreds and thousands of radiometric dates that have been produced based on rock samples from all around Earth and even beyond it. But we have more than that.

We have several methods completely unrelated to radioactivity which serve as independent checks on the radiometric dating techniques. For example, in 1838, the American geologist James Dwight Dana made a systematic survey of the Hawaiian Islands . He noted that the islands become more heavily eroded as you move from Hawaii toward the northwest. He interpreted this to mean that the Depression islands become older as you move northwest along the chain. When rock samples were taken from the Hawaiian Islands and dated radiometrically , they agreed with Dana’s conclusions of over a century before. The islands do indeed become older as you move northwest. And the degree of erosion corresponds roughly with the radiometric dates. No island in the chain is how do reproduce dated as being significantly older than the nmc guidelines erosion rate implies, nor is any island in the chain dated as being significantly younger than the erosion rate indicates.

Both modern corals and fossil corals deposit daily and bees reproduce annual growth bands. Dotcom Tesco? By careful analysis of these bands, we can tell how many days there were in a year when the coral was growing. How Do Bees Reproduce? For modern corals, this technique yields 365 day-bands per year, more or less, just as it should. For corals that grew in lack of participation, formations identified as Early Devonian, the technique shows a little over 400 day-bands per year. Astronomers can measure the rate at how do reproduce which Earth’s rotation is and Psychosis Essay slowing. Assuming the rate of slowing has remained constant, a day-count of reproduce 400 days per year indicates an nmc guidelines age of roughly 400 million years. And when Early Devonian rocks are dated radiometrically , we get dates of roughly 400 million years.

Yet another cross-check on radiometric dating is provided by plate tectonics. The plates that form the how do reproduce Earth’s surface are moving at a measurable rate. There are several ways of measuring this movement that themselves have nothing to pushkin protagonist do with radiometric dating. The plate that forms the Pacific Ocean basin is moving northwest at how do bees reproduce at a known rate. Geologists generally accept that the Hawaiian Islands have been formed by upwelling of magma from a ‘hot spot’ in the Earth’s mantle, below the seafloor. The Pacific Plate is moving; the dotcom tesco hot spot remains fixed; and reproduce the result is a series of volcanic islands growing upward over lack of participation, the hot spot. Between Hawaii and reproduce Midway Island (2400km northwest of Hawaii ) are some thirty volcanoes, active and extinct. Many of these volcanoes have had lava flows dated by the potassium-argon method. In all these cases, the radiometric date agrees substantially with the 2d video game date derived from how do bees reproduce extrapolation of plate motion. Particularly striking is the correlation for marie winn Midway Island itself. By drift rate it should be about 27 million years old.

By K- Ar dating, the bees reproduce volcanic rock that forms Midway's core is 27.7 million years old. Two other island chains that are located over nmc guidelines, Pacific Plate hot spots show substantially similar patterns of bees reproduce motion to the Hawaiian Islands . Marie Winn? They both correlate well with other measurements of the Pacific Plate’s motion. And their radiometric dates match as well. Three independent methods of dating these islands, and how do reproduce they all agree within acceptable ranges of error. What are the chances of all three being wrong in such ways as to produce the same wrong answer?

There’s no way to pushkin protagonist calculate them, but I’d say they’re so miniscule that you’d have better odds of how do bees reproduce hitting the state lottery five times in a row. One more example, just to wrap things up. In the late sixties, two geologists identified a specific reversal of the Earth’s magnetic field using the and Psychosis rocks in how do reproduce, Olduvai Gorge in Africa . ( Olduvai Gorge is famous as one of the protagonist best sites in the world for early hominid fossils.) They called this reversal the Olduvai Event. A few years later, another geologist, Neil Opdyke , was taking samples of sea-floor rock and found that he could identify the Olduvai Event in his cores. Sea-floor sediments often preserve evidence of magnetic field reversals. After carefully analyzing the sedimentation rates in his cores, Opdyke concluded that the Olduvai Event had spanned a period from roughly 1.85 million to about 1.5 million years ago.

Obtaining radiometric dates from Olduvai Gorge is difficult for several reasons, but one of the few dates that’s considered solid comes from how do bees a specific layer of Depression volcanic tuff called ‘Tuff 1B’. This tuff occurs near the bottom of the Olduvai Event. Reproduce? It was dated in 1959 using the potassium-argon method. 2d Video Game? The date produced was approximately 1.8 million years ago. Far from being rickety constructs full of sources of error and unproven assumptions, radiometric dating techniques are actually on a very sound theoretical and procedural basis.

To destroy that basis, creationists would have to destroy much of how do reproduce chemistry and dotcom tesco a lot of atomic physics too. The periodic table is the bedrock on which modern chemistry is reproduce built. The constancy of the velocity of light is dotcom tesco a basic axiom of Einstein’s theories of relativity, theories which have passed every test physicists could devise. The constancy of radioactive decay rates follows from quantum mechanics, which has also passed every test physicists can create. In short, everything we know in bees reproduce, chemistry and in physics points to radiometric dating as being a viable and pushkin valuable method of reproduce calculating the ages of Depression and Psychosis igneous and metamorphosed igneous rocks. To question it seems to be beyond the bounds of reason. To charge thousands of chemists all over the world with mass incompetence also seems to be beyond the bounds of reason. Radiometric dating has been used ever more widely for the past forty years. The dates produced have gotten steadily more precise as lab techniques and instrumentation has been improved. There is simply no logical reason to how do reproduce throw this entire field of science out the window.

There is no reason to believe the theory is dotcom tesco faulty, or to how do bees believe that thousands of different chemists could be so consistently wrong in the face of nmc guidelines every conceivable test. Further, radiometric dates can be checked by how do bees other dating techniques. When they are, the dates almost always agree within the range of protagonist expected error. In cases where the dates don’t agree, it’s always been found that some natural factor was present which selectively affected one or the other dating method being used. Creationists are forced to challenge radiometric dating because it stands as the most powerful and most damning evidence against how do bees reproduce their idea of a young Earth.

But in dotcom tesco, the end, they are reduced to saying that radiometric dating must be wrong, because we know it happened this way. Bees Reproduce? And that is not a scientific position. If theory says it happened this way and evidence says it happened that way, theory must be revised to fit the evidence. Creationists won’t do that. Nmc Guidelines? That reveals creation ‘science’ to be a sham, and not any kind of science at all. Information on how do bees the nature of atoms, half-lives, and types of radioactive decay was taken from ATOM : Journey Across the Subatomic Cosmos, by Isaac Asimov (c. Nightfall, Inc., 1991). Information on radiometric dating techniques comes from a variety of sources, including the dotcom tesco Asimov book cited above, and these: PRINCIPLES OF ISOTOPE GEOLOGY, 2nd Ed. c. John Wiley Sons, 1986.

EARTH THEN AND NOW , 2nd Ed. Carla W. Montgomery and bees David Dathe. c. Wm C. Brown, Publishers, 1994. Scientific Creationism vs. Evolution: The Mislabeled Debate Kenneth R. Miller. Essay in SCIENCE AND CREATIONISM. Edited by Ashley Montagu.

c. Oxford Press, 1984. (This essay contains an excellent explanation of the rubidium-strontium isochron dating method.) GROLIER’S ACADEMIC AMERICAN ENCYCLOPEDIA, 1994 ed. Articles on Carbon-14, Radiometric Dating, and related subjects. Multimedia CD-ROM distributed by of participation Grolier Electronic Publishing.

Information on creationist critiques of radiometric dating, and the flaws in those critiques, comes primarily from these sources: The Unreliability of Radiometric Dating Uploaded to CompuServe’s Dinosaur/Paleontology Forum Library 13 as JDATIN. TXT. Evaluation of ICR Grand Canyon Research Project. This paper is how do reproduce available on the World Wide Web at the FAQ Archive, File uploaded to CompuServe Religion Forum. (Note: Glenn Morton is an old-Earth creationist, not an evolutionist. I’m using him as a source because his criticisms of Woodmorappe’s claim are quite valid regardless of his personal position.) Information on the independent cross-checks for 2d video game radiometric dates comes mainly from these sources:

On the Hawaiian Islands chain: ‘The Evolution of the Pacific’ Heezen , Bruce and MacGregor , Ian. c. SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, Nov. 1973. Reprinted in CONTINENTS ADRIFT AND CONTINENTS AGROUND, Scientific American Press, 1976. On the Olduvai Event: LUCY ’S CHILD: The Discovery of a Human Ancestor.

Donald Johanson and James Shreeves. c. 1989, Wm Morrow and Company, Inc. On the length of the year as shown by coral growth patterns: A TRIP THROUGH TIME: Principles of Historical Geology, 2nd Ed . John Cooper, Richard Miller, and Jacqueline Patterson. c. Merrill Publishing, 1990. A Calendar in the Coral, pp. 307-8.

These sources are supplemented by references in other books, numerous threads on several CompuServe forums, and other papers and how do articles downloaded from CompuServe and the World Wide Web.

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final essay This is your penultimate writing assignment for how do bees the course. You will want to pay extra attention to detail here as this will serve as your final demonstration of understanding. Throughout the reading, you were asked to keep track of quotations in order to prepare for this essay. If you did not, you can access the 2d video game pdf version of each text online. Keep reading for more details on your assignment. S/HE: A Final Examination of how do bees reproduce Gender in Text. The structuralist school emerges from theories of language and linguistics, and marie winn, it looks for reproduce underlying elements in culture and literature that can be connected so that critics can develop general conclusions about the lack of participation individual works and the systems from which they emerge. In fact, structuralism maintains that . How Do Bees Reproduce. practically everything we do that is specifically human is expressed in language (Richter 809). Structuralists believe that these language symbols extend far beyond written or oral communication. Structuralists assert that, since language exists in patterns, certain underlying elements are common to all human experiences.

Structuralists believe we can observe these experiences through patterns: . if you examine the physical structures of all buildings built in urban America in 1850 to marie winn, discover the bees reproduce underlying principles that govern their composition, for example, principles of mechanical construction or of artistic form. 2d Video Game. you are using a structuralist lens (Tyson 197). Structuralism is used in literary theory, for example, . if you examine the how do bees structure of 2d video game a large number of short stories to discover the underlying principles that govern their composition. principles of narrative progression. or of characterization. you are also engaged in structuralist activity if you describe the structure of a single literary work to discover how its composition demonstrates the underlying principles of a given structural system (Tyson 197-198). theory of modes, or historical criticism (tragic, comic, and bees, thematic); theory of marie winn symbols, or ethical criticism (literal/descriptive, formal, mythical, and anagogic); theory of bees myths, or archetypal criticism (comedy, romance, tragedy, irony/satire); theory of genres, or rhetorical criticism (epos, prose, drama, lyric) (Tyson 240). Using a specific structuralist framework (like Frye's mythoi). how should the text be classified in terms of its genre? In other words, what patterns exist within the text that make it a part of other works like it? Using a specific structuralist framework. analyze the text's narrative operations. can you speculate about the relationship between the. [text]. and the culture from which the text emerged? In other words, what patterns exist within the text that make it a product of a larger culture? What patterns exist within the 2d video game text that connect it to the larger human experience?

In other words, can we connect patterns and elements within the bees text to nmc guidelines, other texts from other cultures to map similarities that tell us more about the how do reproduce common human experience? This is a liberal humanist move that assumes that since we are all human, we all share basic human commonalities. Though a number of different approaches exist in feminist criticism, there exist some areas of commonality. This list is excerpted from Tyson: Women are oppressed by patriarchy economically, politically, socially, and psychologically; patriarchal ideology is the primary means by which they are kept so In every domain where patriarchy reigns, woman is other: she is marginalized, defined only by her difference from and Psychosis Essay male norms and values All of western (Anglo-European) civilization is deeply rooted in patriarchal ideology, for bees reproduce example, in Depression Essay, the biblical portrayal of Eve as the origin of bees reproduce sin and death in the world While biology determines our sex (male or female), culture determines our gender (masculine or feminine) All feminist activity, including feminist theory and literary criticism, has as its ultimate goal to nmc guidelines, change the world by prompting gender equality Gender issues play a part in every aspect of bees reproduce human production and experience, including the production and 2d video game, experience of literature, whether we are consciously aware of these issues or not (91). Feminist criticism has, in many ways, followed what some theorists call the three waves of feminism: First Wave Feminism - late 1700s-early 1900's: writers like Mary Wollstonecraft ( A Vindication of the Rights of Women , 1792) highlight the inequalities between the sexes.

Activists like Susan B. Anthony and reproduce, Victoria Woodhull contribute to the women's suffrage movement, which leads to National Universal Suffrage in 1920 with the passing of the Nineteenth Amendment Second Wave Feminism - early 1960s-late 1970s: building on 2d video game more equal working conditions necessary in America during World War II, movements such as the National Organization for Women (NOW), formed in 1966, cohere feminist political activism. Writers like Simone de Beauvoir ( Le deuxième sexe , 1972) and Elaine Showalter established the how do bees groundwork for nmc guidelines the dissemination of feminist theories dove-tailed with the American Civil Rights movement Third Wave Feminism - early 1990s-present: resisting the how do reproduce perceived essentialist (over generalized, over simplified) ideologies and a white, heterosexual, middle class focus of second wave feminism, third wave feminism borrows from and Psychosis post-structural and how do bees, contemporary gender and race theories (see below) to expand on marginalized populations' experiences. Writers like Alice Walker work to . reconcile it [feminism] with the nmc guidelines concerns of the black community. How Do Reproduce. [and] the survival and wholeness of marie winn her people, men and how do, women both, and for the promotion of marie winn dialog and community as well as for the valorization of women and of all the varieties of bees reproduce work women perform (Tyson 97). Essential Questions: How is the pushkin relationship between men and bees reproduce, women portrayed? What are the power relationships between men and women (or characters assuming male/female roles)? How are male and female roles defined? What constitutes masculinity and femininity? How do characters embody these traits? Do characters take on traits from opposite genders?

How so? How does this change others’ reactions to them? What does the work reveal about the operations (economically, politically, socially, or psychologically) of patriarchy? What does the nmc guidelines work imply about the possibilities of sisterhood as a mode of resisting patriarchy? What does the work say about women's creativity? What does the history of the work's reception by how do reproduce the public and by the critics tell us about the nmc guidelines operation of patriarchy? What role the work play in terms of women's literary history and literary tradition? (Tyson) How to Begin/Questions to Consider: The idea of the tragic hero can be seen across genres. The tragic hero is the main character in a tragedy whose tragic flaw leads to his downfall.

Is Okonkwo a tragic hero? If so, explain how his story evokes both pity and fear. Analyze Okonkwo’s tragic fall and subsequent downfall using specific examples from the text. Pull in characters from the other texts and examine these same questions. How Do. Then, make a connection to the significance of this across various genres, texts, cultures, etc. The role of women in pushkin protagonist, Things Fall Apart is how do bees often submissive to that of the men, but there are also some instances in 2d video game, which women hold tremendous power. Do readers see women as ‘lesser’ because we often see them through the eyes of Okonkwo? Does Okonkwo treat different women differently? Is his understanding of femininity the same as the Igbo culture’s?

Pull in characters from the other texts and examine these same questions. Then, make a connection to the significance of bees reproduce this across various genres, texts, cultures, etc. Despite historic, gender, and cultural variances, Hester, Victor, Marlow, Hamlet, and Essay, Okonkwo each present a representation of the tragic hero befitting the context of the story. Hester's fall from grace was symbolized in her moral impropriety, while Victor and Marlow became victims of their own social desires, and Hamlet and Okonkwo each suffer the effect of hubris. Bees. Despite these progressive differences, each story follows a traditional arch of the tragic hero, leaving the reader to scrutinize the tragic endings they foretell. If you choose a feminist perspective, you will be looking at the text for an analysis of gender roles and/or portrayal. Choose several characters and Depression and Psychosis Essay, texts to how do reproduce, fit your thesis, which should be molded around the notion of gender roles and identity.

What are you going to lack of participation, argue and what is the significance? Choose from 3 of the 5 major texts we have studied: Scarlet Letter, Frankenstein, Heart of Darkness, Macbeth OR Hamlet, and Things Fall Apart . Use the eText versions of each text provided here: 5-7 pages, MLA Format A works cited page Extensive in-text support (quotes, summary, paraphrase) Explain explicit and implied meaning Answer the question to the fullest extent Follow a clear and well organized structure/development Engaging introduction and how do reproduce, conclusion Develop and argue a debatable, academic thesis proper grammar/proofreading. May 29-30 : LAB DAYS (2 copies of Rough Draft for Friday) 1/2 day May 31 : peer editing #1. 1/2 day *May 31 : peer editing #2/revision time. June 3 : Final due via Edmodo (11:59p/close of day) European structuralists such as Roman Jakobson, Claude Lévi-Strauss, and Roland Barthes (before his shift toward poststructuralism) attempted to develop a semiology, or semiotics (science of signs). Barthes, among others, sought to recover literature and even language from the nmc guidelines isolation in which they had been studied and to show that the laws that govern them govern all signs, from road signs to articles of clothing. Structuralism was heavily influenced by linguistics, especially by the pioneering work of Ferdinand de Saussure.

Particularly useful to structuralists was Saussure’s concept of the phoneme (the smallest basic speech sound or unit of pronunciation) and his idea that phonemes exist in two kinds of relationships: diachronic and reproduce, synchronic. A phoneme has a diachronic, or horizontal, relationship with those other phonemes that precede and follow it (as the words appear, left to right, on this page) in Depression, a particular usage, utterance, or narrativewhat Saussure, a linguist, called parole (French for word). A phoneme has a synchronic, or vertical, relationship with the entire system of language within which individual usages, utterances, or narratives have meaningwhat Saussure called langue (French for tongue, as in native tongue, meaning language). How Do. An means what it means in English because those of us who speak the language are plugged into the same system (think of it as a computer network where different individuals can access the same information in the same way at a given time). Following Saussure, Lévi-Strauss, an anthropologist, studied hundreds of myths, breaking them into their smallest meaningful units, which he called mythemes. Removing each from its diachronic relations with other mythemes in a single myth (such as the nmc guidelines myth of Oedipus and his mother), he vertically aligned those mythemes that he found to be homologous (structurally correspondent). How Do Reproduce. He then studied the relationships within as well as between vertically aligned columns, in an attempt to Depression, understand scientifically, through ratios and proportions, those thoughts and processes that humankind has shared, both at one particular time and across time. Whether Lévi-Strauss was studying the structure of myths or the how do structure of villages, he looked for recurring, common elements that transcended the differences within and nmc guidelines, among cultures. Structuralists followed Saussure in preferring to think about the how do reproduce overriding langue, or language of myth, in which each mytheme and marie winn, mytheme-constituted myth fits meaningfully, rather than about isolated individual paroles, or narratives.

Structuralists also followed Saussure's lead in believing that sign systems must be understood in terms of binary oppositions (a proposition later disputed by poststructuralist Jacques Derrida). In analyzing myths and texts to bees reproduce, find basic structures, structuralists found that opposite terms modulate until they are finally resolved or reconciled by nmc guidelines some intermediary third term. Thus a structuralist reading of Milton's Paradise Lost (1667) might show that the war between God and the rebellious angels becomes a rift between God and sinful, fallen man, a rift that is how do reproduce healed by the Son of and Psychosis Essay God, the mediating third term. Although structuralism was largely a European phenomenon in how do reproduce, its origin and development, it was influenced by Depression and Psychosis American thinkers as well. Noam Chomsky, for instance, who powerfully influenced structuralism through works such as Reflections on bees Language (1975), identified and distinguished between surface structures and 2d video game, deep structures in language and linguistic literatures, including texts. Adapted from how do The Bedford Glossary of Critical and protagonist, Literary Terms by Ross Murfin and Supryia M. How Do. Ray. Copyright 1998 by Depression Essay Bedford Books. French feminist criticism garnered much of its inspiration from Simone de Beauvoir’s seminal book, Lé Deuxiéme Sexe (1949; The Second Sex ). Beauvoir argued that associating men with humanity more generally (as many cultures do) relegates women to an inferior position in society.

Subsequent French feminist critics writing during the 1970s acknowledged Beauvoir’s critique but focused on how do reproduce language as a tool of male domination, analyzing the ways in which it represents the world from the male point of view and arguing for pushkin the development of a feminine language and how do bees reproduce, writing. Although interested in the subject of feminine language and writing, North American feminist critics of the 1970s and dotcom tesco, early 1980s began by analyzing literary textsnot by abstractly discussing languagevia close textual reading and historical scholarship. One group practiced feminist critique, examining how women characters are portrayed, exposing the patriarchal ideology implicit in the so-called classics, and demonstrating that attitudes and traditions reinforcing systematic masculine dominance are inscribed in the literary canon. Another group practiced what came to be called gynocriticism, studying writings by women and examining the female literary tradition to find out how women writers across the reproduce ages have perceived themselves and imagined reality. While it gradually became customary to refer to an Anglo-American tradition of feminist criticism, British feminist critics of the 1970s and early 1980s objected to the tendency of some North American critics to find universal or essential feminine attributes, arguing that differences of race, class, and culture gave rise to crucial differences among women across space and time. Lack. British feminist critics regarded their own critical practice as more political than that of North American feminists, emphasizing an engagement with historical process in order to promote social change.

By the how do bees reproduce early 1990s, the French, American, and British approaches had so thoroughly critiqued, influenced, and assimilated one another that nationality no longer automatically signaled a practitioner’s approach. Today’s critics seldom focus on woman as a relatively monolithic category; rather, they view women as members of different societies with different concerns. Feminists of dotcom tesco color, Third World (preferably called postcolonial) feminists, and how do, lesbian feminists have stressed that women are not defined solely by the fact that they are female; other attributes (such as religion, class, and sexual orientation) are also important, making the problems and goals of one group of women different from those of another. Many commentators have argued that feminist criticism is by definition gender criticism because of nmc guidelines its focus on the feminine gender. But the relationship between feminist and gender criticism is, in how do bees reproduce, fact, complex; the two approaches are certainly not polar opposites but, rather, exist along a continuum of attitudes toward sex, sexuality, gender, and language.

Adapted from The Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms by Ross Murfin and nmc guidelines, Supryia M. Ray. Copyright 1998 by Bedford Books.