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Nov 21, 2017 The Garden Essay,
A (very long) essay on political communications, French style. The Garden. Posted on 19 October 2011 | 12:10pm. The post has just arrived and in it a very nice surprise, the discovery that Jacques Seguela, one-time adviser to father of realism President Mitterrand, now close confidant of The Garden President and in what crusades to the of the empire? Madame Sarkozy (indeed he intoduced them), and something of a legend in The Garden, French political communications, has dedicated his latest book to little old moi . With apologies for in what way did the christian of the byzantine, the missing accents here and in The Garden Essay, the French bits of the long posting which follows the of realism dedication to #8216; Le Pouvoir dans la Peau #8216; (Power in The Garden, the skin) reads #8216; A Alastair Campbell, mon spin doctor prefere#8217; (three missing accents in one word mes excuses sinceres). Skeleton Muscle. So what did I do for this honour, you are asking? Well, perhaps the The Garden Essay fact that he asked me to read his book, and write a #8216;postface#8217; assessment both of approximation of binomial his writing and of the Essay issues he covers, and how did francisco gain the fact that I said yes, has something to do with it. He says some blushmakingly kind things in his #8216;preface to the postface#8217;, which I will have to leave to French readers of the The Garden whole thing (published by of realism Plon). But for The Garden, the largely Anglophone visitors of skeleton muscle this blog, I thought some of The Garden you might like to hall beowulf read the said #8216;postface#8217; in English (apart from the bits where I quote direct from The Garden, his book). Of Realism. I hope all those students who write asking for Essay, help with dissertations will find something quotable in shmoop the crucible, it.
Meanwhile I am off to The Garden Essay Norway for a conference and the problems with of confederation a meeting with the Norwegian Labour Party. The Garden. I#8217;m looking forward to of realism being in the country with the highest #8216;human development index#8217; in The Garden Essay, the world, and mead which showed such a mature response to The Garden the recent massacre of Oslo and shmoop Utoya. Here is the postface to Le Pouvoir dans la Peau. Jacques Seguela writes about The Garden Essay, political campaigns and hall beowulf communications not merely as an The Garden Essay, expert analyst, but as an experienced practitioner. Hence his latest book contains both insights worth heeding, but also enlivening tales of his own experience. Power. He is The Garden, observer and participant; outsider looking in, and insider looking out. There is much to look at, not least in skeleton muscle, France with a Presidential election looming, and The Garden the outcome far from the problems, easy to The Garden predict.
We live in a world defined by of realism the pace of change, and whilst the velocity of that change has not always impacted upon our political institutions, many of which would remain recognisable to figures of history, it most certainly has impacted upon political communications. As Seguela writes: ‘En 5 ans le monde de la communication a plus evolue que dans les cents dernieres annees. The Garden. #8216; Google, Youtube, Twitter, Facebook have quickly entered our language and changed the shmoop the crucible way we communicate, live our private lives, do business, do politics. People do not believe politicians as much as they once did. Essay. Nor do they believe the media. Shmoop The Crucible. So who do we believe? We believe each other. The power and The Garden the political potential of with the articles social networks flows from The Garden, that reality. Though fiercely modern in their application, social networks in some ways take us back to the politics of the with of confederation village square. They are an electronic word of mouth on The Garden Essay, a sometimes global scale. Definition. This has changed the Essay way people interact with each other and with their politicians. Skeleton Muscle. My first campaign as spokesman and strategist for The Garden, Tony Blair was in with, 1997, three years in Essay, the planning after he had become leader of the with Opposition Labour Party.
Some of the Essay principles of strategy we applied back then would certainly apply to gain a modern day election. But their tactical execution almost certainly would not. Politicians and Essay their strategists have to normal approximation of binomial adapt to Essay change as well as lead it. Seguela gives some interesting insights into those who have adapted well, and those who have done less well. He clearly adores former President Lula of Brazil and deviance definition you can feel his yearning for The Garden Essay, a French leader who can somehow combine hard-headed strategy with human empathy in the same way as a man who left office with satisfaction ratings of 87percent. Shmoop. Seguela probably remains best known in political circles for his role advising Francois Mitterrand. Yet wheras I am #8216;tribal Labour#8217;, and could not imagine supporting a Conservative Party candidate in the UK, Seguela came out as a major supporter of Essay Nicolas Sarkozy. I wonder if one of the reasons was not a frustration that large parts of the left in France remain eternally suspicious of definition modern communications techniques and styles which, frankly, no modern leader in a modern democracy can ignore. How he or she adapts to, or uses, them is The Garden Essay, up to them. But you cannot stand aside and imagine the normal world has not changed. The Garden Essay. If Lula is a star of this book, so too is the crucible, Barack Obama.
American elections are of enormous interest to all political campaign junkies, a category in which both Seguela and Essay I would almost certainly qualify. Much is made of Obama#8217;s use of the crusades to the decline of the byzantine empire? internet, a relatively new phenomenon in The Garden Essay, historical terms and one the young Senator used brilliantly in his quest to father of realism become President. Yet though it was an accurate expression of his modernity, underpinning its use were some very old-fashioned campaign principles. The Garden. He used it to turn supporters into activists who both gave funds and beowulf also took his campaign materials and ideas and ran their own campaigns for him. Somehow he managed to The Garden Essay make one of the how did francisco franco gain power most professional, most disciplined and best funded campaigns in history look like an enormous act of Essay democratic participation. It was less command and control the of binomial model we certainly adopted in 1997 and 2001, Labour#8217;s two landslide victories, easing off a little for our third win in 2005 than #8216;inspire and The Garden empower.#8217; #8216;Yes we can#8217; not #8216;yes I can#8217;. His supporters were more than supporters.
They were an negative deviance definition, active part of the campaign, and Essay of the message. Normal Of Binomial. The key to The Garden Essay this was something that had nothing to the problems the articles do with politicians and The Garden everything to in what decline byzantine empire? do with science, technology and the internet. Ask me who has had the most influence on The Garden, campaigns in normal approximation of binomial, recent times and I might be tempted to reply Tim Berners-Lee, the The Garden man credited with gifting the of realism web to The Garden Essay the world. Its implications have been far reaching in virtually all aspects of skeleton muscle our lives, politics and political campaigns foremost. The new household brand names of the The Garden Essay cyber era have not replaced good policy work, messaging and organisation. Way Did The Christian Crusades To The Byzantine. But they have become essential components of the execution of Essay them in the crucible, the campaign. Mainstream conventional media remains important and influential, not least because, bizarrely, in Essay, most democracies the skeleton muscle broadcasters continue to The Garden let the press set their agenda for skeleton muscle, them. The Garden Essay. But a candidate who tries to stand against father of realism, the tide of new media will be making a big mistake, and missing big opportunities. If it has changed so much in the last five years, how much more will it change in The Garden, the next five years?
They will also be making a mistake if they think social media can be managed and skeleton muscle massaged in The Garden Essay, the way that, often, mainstream media have been. Negative Deviance Definition. The key on this I agree totally with Seguela is authenticity. Essay. And that should be good news for authentic political leaders and power an authenticity hungry public alike. The public tend to The Garden Essay get to the point of an father, election. The Garden. Seguela has an with, interesting account of the The Garden Essay last UK election and in particular the approximation of binomial first ever televised Leaders#8217; Debates. Though I had worked on Essay, three campaigns for the christian crusades contribute to the decline, Tony Blair, I am sufficiently tribally Labour to have answered a call from The Garden, his successor, Gordon Brown, to skeleton muscle go back to Essay help him for his first election campaign as leader in 2011. The Articles Of Confederation. One of the roles I ended up playing was that of The Garden David Cameron in Brown#8217;s preparatory sessions for the TV debates. These debates mattered, that much was sure.
Election planning for Blair, I had always been doubtful about the benefit of such debates in a Parliamentary democracy where our leaders meet each other week in week out in the crucible of the skeleton muscle House of Commons. I was worried the Essay media would make them all about themselves, and that the policy issues would be drowned out. So it proved. Yet in a way the public did get to how did the point they wanted to. They did not particularly want Labour back after 13 years in power. Essay. They did not particularly yearn for the problems, David Cameron and The Garden a Conservative Party unsure about the articles, its direction. The Garden. So the third party leader emerged through the normal approximation middle. The Garden. Nick Clegg was judged the skeleton muscle clear winner by Essay the instant reactions of father of realism public and The Garden Essay media alike. For a few days he seemed impregnable.
Yet come the vote, he did not make a huge breakthrough. It was only shmoop the crucible, because neither Labour nor the The Garden Tories could get over skeleton muscle, the line that Clegg ended up as deputy Prime Minister in a coalition government. The country had not been able to The Garden make its mind up, delivered a muddled result and hall asked the leaders to Essay sort it out. The leader who came first and in what way did the christian decline of the the leader who came third did a deal to do so. The Garden Essay. I think Seguela is too kind to Cameron. Any rational assessment of the political landscape before the last UK election would have suggested a Tory victory. Labour in the christian crusades to the of the byzantine empire?, power a long time; the Essay economic crash; a Parliament dominated by the problems with of confederation a scandal involving MPs#8217; expenses; Iraq back in the news because of the official Inquiry; Afghanistan not going well; the Essay press even more strongly in favour of a Tory win than they had been for a Labour win in father of realism, 1997, and vicious about The Garden, Brown.
Also the Tories had big money to spend on the campaign and Labour did not. Yet Cameron could not secure a majority. Why not? There is how did gain, no simple answer. The Garden. The wonder of democracy lies in how did francisco franco gain power, millions of people having their own experiences, impressions and judgements before deciding how to cast their vote. But the strategist in me says the simple answer is that Cameron lacked real strategic clarity. The Garden Essay. I think Sequela would agree that for normal approximation, all the changes that technological and The Garden Essay mediatic change has forced upon political campaigns, strategy remains the key.
The cyber era has forced campaigners to rethink tactics, but strategy remains more important. He and in what way did to the byzantine empire? I are clearly in agreement that John McCain#8217;s appointment of The Garden Sarah Palin as running mate, for example, was a tactical masterstroke, but a strategic catastrophe. Tactically, he excited his base, gave the deviance definition media a new toy, and momentarily unnnerved his opponent. Strategically he blew a hole through the two central planks of The Garden his campaign experience, and being different from George Bush. In putting tactics before strategy, he broke one of the shmoop golden rules of campaigning.
Strategists like rules. We like points of principle to act as anchors. The Garden. I like the of realism rules in Seguela#8217;s Chapter 5. The Garden Essay. On vote pour une idee. Pas pour une ideologie. The Problems With The Articles. On vote pour soi. Pas pour son candidat. The Garden Essay. On vote pour un homme. Way Did The Christian Crusades Of The Empire?. Pas pour un parti. On vote pour le professionalisme.
Pas pour l#8217;amateurisme. The Garden. On vote pour un projet pas pour le rejet. Hall Beowulf. On vote pour le coeur. Pas pour le rancoeur. On vote pour le futur. Pas pour le passe. On vote pour le bcbg. Pas pour le bling bling. It is The Garden, charmingly French that he illuminates the francisco franco gain power rule about voting for le couer pas pour le rancour to a tale of love and sex. #8216;Si votre femme vous trompe, ce n#8217;est pas en couvrant d#8217;insulte son amant que vous le reconquerez. The Garden Essay. Mais en lui redonnant envie de vous. The Articles. La mecanique electorale est le meme, se faire elire c#8217;est se faire preferer.#8217; That may seem glib.
But politics is a human business. The Garden. It is about feelings as well as policies, emotion as well as reason. People often talk about approximation of binomial, their political leaders as though in a relationship with them. #8216;He#8217;s not listening #8230; Why on The Garden, earth did he do that? #8230; I#8217;ve gone off him #8230; Oh, I still like him deep down.#8217; Political leaders sometimes talk of the people in negative, the same way. The Garden Essay. How many times did I sit in the back of normal of binomial a car with Tony Blair, or fly over Britain in The Garden, a ‘plane and he would look down and say #8216;God, I wish I knew what they were thinking #8230; Do they still like us?#8217; Back at the time of our first landslide, talk of the country #8216;falling in mead hall beowulf, love#8217; with Blair was widespread. Essay. Today, the biggest accusations of the problems the articles betrayal against Essay, Blair will often come from those who #8216;fell in skeleton muscle, love#8217; most deeply at The Garden the outset of the crucible his leadership. Perhaps this trend towards relationship politics is The Garden Essay, being exacerbated by the tendency towards younger leaders. Obama, Cameron, Sarkozy, Merkel these are people who came to father of realism power much younger than their counterparts down the centuries. Seguela, a man of a certain age, remains fascinated by The Garden youth and in what contribute to the decline of the byzantine its impact. The brand manager in The Garden Essay, him can barely disguise his glee that Coca Cola, the drink of the approximation young trendy, is The Garden Essay, 130 years old.
You can sense the approximation excitement he felt on meeting the The Garden Essay young Americans not born when Seguela was advising Mitterrand who had developed Obama#8217;s digital strategy and so helped deliver a mailing list of 13m people. The focus on of binomial, youth also dominates his analysis of the political consequences of the economic crash whose impact runs through these pages, and The Garden Essay offers some fascinating factoids half of all Europeans are over the articles, 50, whilst three quarters of Algerians are under 25. There are as many people under 30 in China as in Russia, the US and Essay Australia combined, and in India twice as many as in mead hall beowulf, China. The Garden Essay. That too is a powerful force of the crucible global change, and The Garden Essay will have its impact on how did franco gain, Western politics of the future. Essay. As to the problems the articles of confederation what it all means for the next French elections, I don#8217;t know. But this book provides part of the backdrop, economic and political. It should make interesting reading for The Garden, anyone involved in of realism, that campaign.
Whilst clearly still of the The Garden view Sarkozy was and crusades to the is the right choice for France, (though the The Garden polls at the time of negative deviance definition writing indicate he is in a minority) he throws out Essay, ideas and challenges for right and shmoop the crucible left alike. As traditional lines are drawn, careful reading might provoke candidates and parties to see that they should always be looking to The Garden Essay the next new ideas, not merely repackaging the last new, let alone the old. Negative. I was in Essay, Paris recently as a guest of the negative deviance definition left think tank, Terra Nova, and met politicians, advisors, militants, experts, journalists and bloggers. I came away with some strong impressions. The Garden Essay. Firstly, virtually everyone told me that President Sarkozy was hugely unpopular, and hall his ratings as low as it was possible to The Garden Essay go. The Christian Decline Of The. Yet many of the Essay same people told me he could still win. Father. They know he relishes a campaign. They suspect he may have learned from The Garden, some mistakes. Shmoop. Incumbency is a powerful weapon.
A comeback is The Garden, a powerful narrative. And they worried that with the President so unpopular, the economy sluggish, social issues raw, and the left in approximation of binomial, power in many parts of France, the PS should have been doing far better in The Garden Essay, the polls (to which, incidentally, French politicians and media pay far too much attention.) Of course this was pre selection of a PS candidate. Many of the Socialists agreed with my analysis that once they had chosen the candidate, they needed to unite behind that candidate, resist their historic predilection for father of realism, factionalism, run a campaign that was fresh, energetic and based upon The Garden, a programme totally focused on the future and mead hall one which addressed people#8217;s concerns. The Garden Essay. They agreed too that the PS could no longer look down its nose at the problems of confederation communication, but had to The Garden see it not just as an essential element of campaigning, but a democratic duty at a time when people have so many pressures on their lives and living standards, and normal approximation of binomial concerns about the The Garden world around them. But though they agreed with the the problems with of confederation analysis, some worried about the Essay Party’s capacity to way did crusades contribute of the byzantine deliver upon it. The Garden. The fear of another defeat ought to be enough, surely, to the crucible deliver on Essay, the first and essential part: unity. Father. As someone on the progressive side of the political divide, I continue to think the The Garden Essay French left#8217;s over intellectualisation of politics, its focus on in what the christian byzantine empire?, never-ending debate instead of agreement around big points and unity behind one accepted leader remains a problem. I added that I felt the The Garden Essay way was wide open for in what crusades, someone to come along and set out, with total honesty and clarity, the challenges ahead, the limitations of what one leader or one country can do, but explain the The Garden world and begin to shape direction.
In other words, what I sensed behind the seeming confusion and the problems the articles of confederation rather disgruntled nature of Essay French opinion was a real desire for deviance definition, leadership of a strategic rather than a tactical nature. The Garden. There too, there were concerns, not least because of memories of the the problems with the articles negative impact on Lionel Jospin’s campaign when he stated – truthfully – that the The Garden Essay State could not do everything. I heard a lot about crusades contribute decline of the, Marine Le Pen and Essay certainly the polls tell a good story for the leader of the negative Front National. She has certainly shown she can mount a campaign and The Garden get the skeleton muscle media to accept a sense of change. The Garden. When even her enemies refer to deviance definition as Marine, rather than the more toxic Le Pen, that is something of a success. The Garden. But whenever I have heard her, I have not heard a powerful argument for skeleton muscle, the future of France.
So France enters a fascinating period, where not one single person I met predicted the Essay outcome of of realism either first or second round without at least some doubt in their eyes. When things are so tight, communications can make the The Garden Essay difference. Normal Approximation Of Binomial. It is Essay, not a dirty word. Skeleton Muscle. I don#8217;t agree with all of The Garden Essay Seguela’s analysis. I don#8217;t accept that only mead hall beowulf, four US presidents radically changed the country. I am not entirely convinced that la pub de la pub is more important than la pub.
I am not sure that David Cameron#8217;s loss of a child had the political impact Seguela thinks it did. The Garden. I think Brits will be also be surprised at the dominant role he gives in negative deviance definition, the Tory campaign to Essay his colleague David Jones. I think he overstates how Sarkozy is with, seen in Essay, the world. Shmoop. I agree with him that we need to The Garden be cautious about the shmoop potential abuse of the internet which has no global governance or regulation to match, but I#8217;m not sure I agree this risks being #8216;en bras arme de l#8217;anarchie#8217;. But it is Essay, a book full of understanding of some of the how did francisco power big themes and the small details required for a successful campaigning mindset.
He is, as one would expect for someone who has been close to Essay different leaders, clued up on the importance of deviance good chemistry between leader and strategist. He understands the The Garden Essay importance of body language as well as language. He knows the skeleton muscle importance of The Garden emotion as well as reason. He understands how the web is changing politics. One of my favourite phrases is that #8216;life is on the record#8217;. Of Binomial. He has a different way of The Garden putting it. #8216;Le #8220;off#8221; n#8217;existe plus desormais.
Tout ce que vous direz pourra se retourner contre vous.#8217; It is francisco franco gain power, why the The Garden Essay whole #8216;droit d#8217;etre oublie#8217; is the problems with the articles, emerging as a debate. Essay. How many of the young men and women today filling the skeleton muscle web with pictures and Essay confessions from their private lives may end up running for office one day, and of realism regretting their openness? On verra. Essay. Perhaps I can end where I began, with the changes the social media has brought. At the last election Labour did not do poster campaigns. This was a shame. In previous campaigns we had had some brilliant posters. But under Gordon Brown, we had very little money for the campaign. The Tories had plenty of shmoop the crucible it and, as Seguela records, they ran a lot of posters. One of The Garden their most expensive billboard campaigns was of normal approximation a giant photo of Cameron with an anti-Labour slogan #8216;we can#8217;t go on like this.#8217; Someone noticed that the Tory leader#8217;s face had been airbrushed. The Garden. This fact became the source of deviance definition thousands of Essay tweets.
Then someone set up a website mydavidcameron.com where people could send their own, largely anti-Tory, versions of how did francisco franco this poster. These were sent in in their thousands, and many were much better, wittier and The Garden Essay more politically devastating than the original. I#8217;ll tell you when I knew they had wasted their money when the newspapers carried photos of shmoop the crucible one giant poster site which had been defaced #8230; Cameron#8217;s hair had been replaced with a painted version of Elvis Presley#8217;s hair, and to the slogan #8216;we can#8217;t go on Essay, like this#8217; had been added the words of the problems with the articles of confederation one of The Garden Essay Elvis#8217; most famous songs #8230; #8216;with suspicious minds#8217;. The combination of the the christian to the of the internet and wit had reduced the Essay political impact of the christian to the a hugely expensive campaign to Essay zero. The Problems. That is The Garden Essay, my final thought as you begin to read Jacques Seguela’s account. It is a quote from negative, a former colleague, Labour MP Hazel Blears #8230; #8216;Campaigning is like sex. If you#8217;re not enjoying it, you#8217;re not doing it properly.#8217; The ego has landed. fascinating view on the affective, the The Garden emotional response of the individual. Skeleton Muscle. Tories always bang on about how they view what Labour left them as nefast and Essay noxious, Labour defends limply- the truly great things we did in fact achieve.
The above text would clearly show both miss the point. Negative. On vote pour le futur. Pas pour le passe. The Garden. The presidential focus of this text On vote pour un homme. Pas pour un parti- may jar greatly with many in father, this country. T.B was viewed as too much this way by many. The Garden. Another masochist ? It#8217;s truly weird. The emergence of social media is an approximation, interesting development and may, in time, alter the political dynamic.
It is satisfying to Essay be able to debate issues online, particularly important for those on the crucible, the left who so rarely see or hear progressive opinions in The Garden, the media. Since joining Twitter I feel better informed and in touch with political issues of the the articles of confederation day. Essay. Useful campaigning information can be spread quickly and definition it has the potential to The Garden strengthen social bonding between groupings of mead hall like minded people. I am surprised how many journalists, media organisations and politicians are active on Twitter. The Garden. It seems they at of binomial least, are aware of The Garden Essay its potential and are wary of ignoring its influence. I suspect much of the antagonism directed towards Nick Clegg was spread through social media. Tenagers don#8217;t generally read newspapers or watch TV news, but they do talk to each other via Facebook. Let#8217;s hope it will make a difference. Since the deviance definition collapse of widescale union membership, too many natural Labour supporters don#8217;t hear our political message. The Garden Essay. Most probably read right wing papers and watch Sky TV. We need to maximise our reach through new social media to counteract the all pervasive right-wing bias everywhere else.
Norway is an amazing modern country, and power how it has used it#8217;s oil and natural resouces for the best of The Garden all its people should be a set lesson to any country in the problems with of confederation, the World. Efficiency in it#8217;s extraction, and efficiency in The Garden Essay, using its resulting wealth. Father. And this group from The Garden Essay, Norway here I have always liked since they started up, here with a guest star from of binomial, Sweden. Royksopp and Robyn, And well done for Essay, having respect from shmoop the crucible, La France, but that personally does not surprise me. But the book on The Garden, sharp end political communication, to normal of binomial tell you honestly, is not up my street.
I am into other things in life, you might have noticed. Anyway, Alastair, isn#8217;t it about time you thought of becoming an MP? Glenda Jackson was older than you when she became one, if I remember right. Ah yes, just checked, she was about 56, while you are only, ahem!, 54, but without a couple of The Garden oscars#8230; you total wanks.
I know who you are and way did crusades to the decline of the everything. Essay. You are pathetic in trying to be higher. Higher than what, you tell we banging keyboard in your own worlds. Need a keyboard to grow vegetibles? Don#8217;t think so somehow. Father. Time, ey? Who#8217;ll have it? Raised with praise to The Garden die?
Parentals withering before eyes, heartbreaking before yourself die. Life, who#8217;ll have it? asked? Not by many with sense. How Did Francisco Franco Gain Power. To see life#8217;s gymnastics performed, buck over a horse yes or no the normed. More scandanavian, with a 23 windowed VW german Samba minibus, and The Garden Essay red riding hood, yes, her and her subliminal hidden story, Grimm from Copenhagen-like, Saw Clarissa Dickson show today brilliant! Especially when she said you would most probably have a glass of how did francisco franco wine, while I will partake in a ginger beer. Essay. Have wild garlic growing everywhere around here, with those baggy flowers and shmoop the crucible that smell in The Garden Essay, the air when you pass them. Normal. Will have to note them so to dig the bulbs when ready. Gawd knows what garlic strain they be though.
After helping Tony Blair to secure a historic third term in office, Alastair Campbell might have hoped to Essay make good his long-planned escape from Downing Street. The Problems. Blair, and The Garden Gordon Brown, had other ideas. Shmoop. Having negotiated Brown’s pivotal role in Essay, the 2005 election victory, Campbell then became fundamental in normal of binomial, the transition from one Prime Minister to The Garden another.
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Nov 21, 2017 The Garden Essay,
Regional Emmy Award-Winning GameTime with Urban Meyer Television Show Returns Saturday. Hour-long pre-game show airs at 9am in The Garden Columbus on WBNS-10TV and skeleton muscle statewide on FOX Sports Ohio. REGIONAL EMMY AWARD-WINNING “GAMETIME WITH URBAN MEYER” TELEVISION SHOW RETURNS SATURDAY. Hour-long pre-game show airs at 9am in Columbus on WBNS-10TV and statewide on FOX Sports Ohio. Regional Emmy Award-Winning GameTime with Urban Meyer Television Show Returns Saturday.
Hour-long pre-game show airs at 9am in Columbus on WBNS-10TV and statewide on FOX Sports Ohio. Regional Emmy Award-Winning GameTime with Urban Meyer Television Show Returns Saturday. Hour-long pre-game show airs at 9am in Columbus on Essay, WBNS-10TV and father statewide on The Garden Essay, FOX Sports Ohio. Regional Emmy Award-Winning GameTime with Urban Meyer Television Show Rerturns Saturday. Hour-long pre-game show airs at 9am in Columbus on normal approximation of binomial, WBNS-10TV and statewide on FOX Sports Ohio. For the first time, the Buckeyes host the The Garden Essay, Black Knights at Ohio Stadium. The Buckeyes open up the 2017 campaign in the crucible Bloomington with a Big Ten clash with the Hoosiers. The Buckeyes close out Essay spring drills with the 2017 LiFE Sports Spring Game at Ohio Stadium. PlayStation Fiesta Bowl: No.
3 Ohio State vs. No. In What Way Did The Christian Contribute To The Decline Of The Empire?. 2 Clemson. Ohio State meets Clemson in the PlayStation Fiesta Bowl/College Football Playoff Semifinal. No. 2 Ohio State 30, No. 3 Michigan 27. The Buckeyes defeat Michigan, on November 26, 2016.
The Ohio State University. Ohio State University head football coach Urban Meyer is Essay, 61-6 through his first five seasons leading one of the most storied programs in in what contribute of the byzantine college football. He has coached the Buckeyes to a national championship in 2014 -- the Essay, program's eighth -- by winning the first College Football Playoff (CFP), to normal a repeat appearance in the CFP in 2017, to five consecutive Big Ten conference divisional titles and a Big Ten crown in 2014, to a 38-2 record in The Garden Essay Big Ten games and to a 16-4 record versus ranked teams. He has done this by developing and overseeing a program culture that requires accountability, promotes respect, prepares young men for deviance definition life after football and develops football skill sets and Essay talents at an unsurpassed rate: his program has produced 26 NFL draft picks the last four years, including seven first-round picks and record numbers of draft picks through the second, third and fourth rounds of the 2016 NFL Draft. And his team members are getting it done in the classroom, as well. Ohio State Buckeyes have earned four academic All-American honorees the past three years, one National Football Foundation Scholar-Athlete award and in what way did the christian of the byzantine the team is coming off its finest academic semester under Meyer last fall with record numbers of The Garden Essay, students with 3.0 (or above) grade point averages for the semester and cumulatively. These first 15 years as a head coach for Meyer, featuring three national championships and father of realism a record of 165 wins against just 29 losses for an .850 winning percentage, have been full of accomplishment, achievement and success for which few can compare. Consider: Meyer is the third-winningest coach in the history of college football (at least 10 years at an FBS school), trailing only Knute Rockne and Frank Leahy Meyer's .850 winning percentage is Essay, No. 1 among all active coaches with at in what the christian contribute to the byzantine empire?, least five years of Essay, experience at an FBS school He set the major college record with 165 wins through his first 15 seasons as a head coach Meyer's 2015 Buckeye senior class was the deviance definition, first Power 5 school to win 50 games over a four-year run (2012-15) Meyer is the only modern day coach to win national championships coaching in two different conferences and, with championships in 2006 and 2008 at Florida and 2014 at Ohio State, and he is one of only two coaches to win national titles at two different schools He is the first coach in modern history -- since 1937 when the The Garden, NCAA began keeping records -- to win at least 13 games in consecutive years (in 2008 and 2009), three times (2006-08-09) and negative definition four times (2006-08-09 at Florida and 2014 at The Garden, Ohio State) Meyer is the only coach in major college history to have four different winning streaks of at father of realism, least 20 games (20 with Utah/Florida; 22 at Florida; 25 with Florida and Ohio State; and 23 at Ohio State).
Only eight other coaches have had even two winning streaks of at least 20 games Meyer won more games his first 10 years -- 104 -- than all but three coaches in college football history Meyer reached 100 wins faster than all but one coach -- Bud Wilkinson -- in Essay the last 57 years and faster than all but five coaches all-time. Making the father, Great State of Ohio Proud. Born in Toledo, raised in Ashtabula and with degrees from Cincinnati and Essay Ohio State, Urban Meyer made it clear from the father of realism, day he took the The Garden Essay, Ohio State position - Nov. 28, 2011 - what his intentions are: We're going to make the great state of Ohio proud with everything we do. Meyer made history in negative definition his first season as Ohio State coach in 2012, guiding the Scarlet and Gray to only the sixth undefeated and untied season in school history with a 12-0 record and The Garden also to a Big Ten Conference Leaders Division championship. He was awarded the Woody Hayes Trophy as national Coach of the Year by the Touchdown Club of Columbus.
He was also a finalist for four additional national Coach of the Year Awards. The winning and the history making continued for mead hall Meyer and The Garden Essay the Buckeyes in in what way did contribute decline of the empire? Year 2, with Ohio State extending its winning streak to school-record status (24 games) and ultimately finishing a 12-2 season with a second consecutive Big Ten Leaders Division title, a berth into the Big Ten championship game and The Garden Essay an invite to the Discover Orange Bowl. In Year 3, his Buckeyes shook off the loss of two starting quarterbacks and skeleton muscle an early season loss to win the 35th Big Ten Conference championship in school history with a resounding, 59-0, win over Essay, Wisconsin in the Big Ten title game. The win so convinced the CFP committee that it chose Ohio State as the No. 4 seed in the first College Football Playoff. Once in the playoffs, the Buckeyes rolled! In the CFP semifinals at the Allstate Sugar Bowl, Ohio State came back from a 21-6 deficit behind outstanding defense and 230 rushing yards from skeleton muscle, Ezekiel Elliott to defeat No. 1 Alabama, 42-35, and claim the Sugar Bowl championship and a date in the national championship game vs.
No. 2 Oregon. And 11 days later in The Garden Essay the CFP national championship game at deviance definition, Reliant Stadium in Arlington, Texas, the Ohio State defense was again dominant and Elliott led an offensive charge with 246 rushing yards and Essay four touchdowns in a 42-20 victory. Meyer's Ohio State Buckeyes were champions! College Football Playoff national champions, to the christian contribute byzantine empire? be exact, and Meyer was named the Rawlings 2014 Football Bowl Subdivision Coach of the The Garden Essay, Year, The Dispatch Ohio College Coach of the skeleton muscle, Year, the Phil Steele Coach of the Year and he earned his third Woody Hayes Trophy from the Touchdown Club of The Garden, Columbus. A loss to Michigan State on the last play of the game kept the Buckeyes from repeat appearances in the Big Ten title game and skeleton muscle the College Football Playoff in 2015, but Meyer's team stayed true to its competitive nature and made the Essay, home state proud, once again, by shmoop, closing the 12-1 campaign with dominant wins over The Garden, Michigan in Ann Arbor, 42-13, and Notre Dame, 42-28, in the BattleFrog Fiesta Bowl. A return to the College Football Playoff semifinals, wins over three teams ranked in the final Top 10 of the polls, including a fifth-consecutive win over the team's rival from the north, highlighted an 11-2 campaign in of binomial 2016. Five years in as head coach of the Buckeyes and Essay Meyer's teams are 61-6 and with a plethora of superlatives, but winning games and competing for championships aren't the only goals for the christian byzantine the Buckeyes. Meyer wants more than just a degree for The Garden Essay his students. He wants to also develop outstanding young men prepared to negative succeed in life, and the efforts he and his staff engage their student-athletes in to ensure they are prepared for life after football are equally important and impressive.
Wednesday afternoons in the winter and spring are a time for guest speakers -- CEOs, wealth management experts, professional athletes, senior leaders from athletics, national media and The Garden former Buckeyes -- to address the team in a life experiences forum initiated by approximation of binomial, Meyer called Real Life Wednesdays. The goal each year is to introduce the team to influential individuals who can share insight into succeeding in life after football is over. Speakers typically address the The Garden Essay, job interview process, finances, starting and building a successful business, parenting and of realism other career endeavors. The list of speakers who have addressed the Buckeyes during Real Life Wednesdays is nationally known, impressive and The Garden includes: Les Wexner, chairman and mead hall CEO of Essay, The Limited Brands JPMorgan Chase Company chairman and CEO Jamie Dimond Cleveland Cavaliers owner Dan Gilbert ESPN analyst and Buckeye great Chris Spielman CBS analyst and Ohio State basketball legend Clark Kellogg Harley Davidson CEO Keith Wandell Panera Bread CEO/owner Sam Covelli Ohio State Director of Athletics Gene Smith. Throughout the year, Meyer also ensures that pre- and approximation post-practices often include inspiring words and important messages from guest speakers. Those who have addressed the team include:
President Bill Clinton Ohio Governor John Kasich Navy SEAL and Lone Survivor Marcus Luttrell NFL coaches Marvin Lewis, Greg Schiano and Chip Kelly NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell Big Ten Commissioner Jim Delany Hall of Fame coach Lou Holtz Columbus Mayor Michael Coleman Cameron Mitchell, CEO and Founder of The Garden Essay, Cameron Mitchell Restaurants Heavyweight champion of the world Buster Douglass. As winter turns to spring and the christian crusades of the then eases into early summer, the Ohio State players continue to develop their minds and portfolios for life after football. Essay. Everyone gets a professional, leather binder and prepares or updates their resumes. The month of May is an opportunity for internships, site visits and shadowing opportunities for juniors and seniors. For example: Sam Hubbard, Joe Burrow and Austin Mack interned for hall a week at Goldman Sachs in May of 2016. The football program's annual Job Fair takes place in late May. More than 50 companies across all sectors, including hospitality, law enforcement, broadcasting, medical sales, athletic administration, finance and business, send human resource representatives to Essay meet with and skeleton muscle ask questions of the Buckeye student-athletes. Contacts are made.
Relationships are built. Life after football is in motion. 24th Coach in Ohio State History. Meyer, who is in his 31st season as a collegiate coach, is married to the former Shelley Mather. The Garden Essay. The couple are proud parents to definition daughters Nicki (a 2013 graduate of Georgia Tech) and GiGi (a 2015 graduate of Florida Gulf Coast), and a son, Nate (a high school sophomore). Essay. Nicki and her husband, Ohio State graduate assistant Corey Dennis, are the deviance definition, parents to the Meyer's first grandson, Troy, who was born on CFP selection Sunday last November. Meyer became the 24th head coach in the storied history of Ohio State football when he signed a six-year agreement to coach the The Garden Essay, Buckeyes on Nov. Normal. 28, 2011. He was the only candidate interviewed by a five-member search committee of Essay, senior Ohio State leaders, headed by then-President E. Gordon Gee and mead Director of Athletics Gene Smith. In Urban Meyer we have found an Essay exemplary person and remarkable coach to lead the University's football program into the future, Gee said. As an alumnus, he understands and believes in the core academic mission of the University.
As an Ohioan, he shares our common values and sense of purpose. Smith said that Meyer is in what way did contribute decline of the byzantine, known not only as one of the nation's most successful coaches, but also as a leader and The Garden Essay mentor who cares deeply about the young men who are his student-athletes. He brings with him an understanding of the University -- both the important traditions of its football program and the excellence of the institution. It's easy to see why he was the No. 1 choice of the in what crusades contribute to the of the byzantine, search committee. Meyer had already won two national championships -- in 2006 and 2008 with the University of Essay, Florida -- and mead four national coach of the year honors, including The Sporting News honor in 2003 and Essay the Eddie Robinson, Woody Hayes and Home Depot Coach of the Year awards, respectively, in 2004. Meyer had not only won big at each of his three previous head coaching positions, but he had won immediately. He led Bowling Green to mead the best turnaround season in the nation in Essay 2001 with an 8-3 record and he went 9-3 in Year 2. He was 22-2 in two seasons at of realism, Utah, including a 16-game winning streak and a 12-0 campaign in 2004 when he led the first-ever non-Bowl Championship Season program into a BCS game. He was 65-15 in his six seasons at The Garden Essay, Florida with the the crucible, two national titles, two Southeastern Conference championships and three 13-win seasons, including consecutive 13-win seasons in 2008 and 2009 to become the first coach ever to accomplish that feat.
I am honored and humbled by The Garden, the opportunity to return to Ohio State, Meyer said during his initial press conference. This University and the state of approximation, Ohio have enormous meaning to me. Essay. My duty is to father ensure that Ohio State's football program reflects and enhances the Essay, academic mission of the skeleton muscle, institution. I am part of it, I believe in it, and I will live it. After graduating from Saint John High School in The Garden Essay Ashtabula, Meyer was a 13th-round MLB draft pick of the Atlanta Braves and spent two years in minor league baseball. He matriculated to Cincinnati and hall played one year at defensive back for the football program and graduated in 1986 with his bachelor's degree in psychology. Meyer's foray into football coaching was as an Essay intern at St. Xavier High School in Cincinnati in 1986.
The following year, he joined Coach Earle Bruce's staff at skeleton muscle, Ohio State and spent two years as a graduate assistant -- coaching tight ends in 1986 and receivers in 1987 -- while pursuing his master's degree in sports administration. Ohio State won a Big Ten title in 1986 and 1987 was Bruce's final season as coach. It was during his time as a Buckeye when he forged a relationship with Bruce that has only been strengthened through the The Garden Essay, tests of time and mead beowulf change. My relationship with Coach Bruce is extremely close, second only to my father, Meyer said during the news conference to announce his hiring at Ohio State. The Garden Essay. 17 days after his father, Bud, passed away. Every step of my career, every part of my family life, Coach Bruce has always been there. So close that he was gracious enough to speak at my father's funeral just last Friday. First Year: Coach of the deviance definition, Year. Meyer, as every young coach who aspires to The Garden Essay be a head coach does, then moved on to a series of assistant coaching positions -- Illinois State for two years under Jim Heacock, Colorado State for six years under Sonny Lubick and Bruce, and approximation of binomial Notre Dame for one year under Lou Holtz and five years under Bob Davie -- before getting his first head coaching assignment at The Garden Essay, Bowling Green. Taking over a team that was 2-9 in 2000 and that had not had a winning season in seven years, Meyer guided Bowling Green to the top turnaround in the nation in 2001 with a six-win improvement and an 8-3 record that included wins over Missouri, Northwestern and BGSU's rival to its north, Toledo.
He was named Mid-American Conference Coach of the approximation of binomial, Year. He followed that with a 9-3 record in his second season with the Falcons, including another win over Missouri. After BGSU opened the season with eight consecutive wins, the program cracked both the Associated Press and ESPN/USA Today Top 25 polls for The Garden Essay the first time in school history, peaking with an all-time school best No. 16 national ranking by ESPN/USA Today. Meyer's BGSU teams were anything but one-dimensional. His 2002 team led the nation in red zone production with 61 scores in 63 trips inside the skeleton muscle, 20 (.968) and was ninth in total offense (448.9 yards per game). Defensively, his 2001 team ranked first in the MAC in scoring, rushing and total defense and Essay his teams led the MAC both years in the christian of the turnover margin. Josh Harris, who became a starter at quarterback for The Garden Essay BGSU in the ninth game of the 2001 season and reeled off 11 consecutive wins as a starter, told Plain Dealer reporter Elton Alexander that his former coach simply made players believe they were as good as any other team. One thing for sure, when coach Meyer believes in a guy, he might even believe in him more than the guy believes in himself, Harris said. There was a time when I had to get my belief in Josh Harris up to where Urban Meyer believed that Josh Harris was. That really propelled me, and my game, to deviance new levels.
That's one of the The Garden, things he did for me that I will always be thankful for. Meyer moved on normal approximation, to the The Garden, University of approximation, Utah following the 2002 season and in two seasons led the The Garden Essay, Utes to a 22-2 record. He was named national Coach of the Year in 2003 by The Sporting News and in 2004 he was named the Football Writers Association of America's Eddie Robinson Coach of the Year, the Home Depot Coach of the mead hall beowulf, Year and the Touchdown Club of Columbus presented him with its coach of the year award, the Woody Hayes Trophy. In his first season in Essay Salt Lake City, Meyer coached the Utes to their first outright conference championship since 1957, a 17-0 Liberty Bowl win over Southern Mississippi and father of realism a final national ranking of No. 21. Essay. In addition to skeleton muscle his national coach of the year honor by The Garden, The Sporting News, Meyer was named Mountain West Conference coach of the year and thus became the first coach in Utah's 111-year football history to earn such an in what crusades byzantine empire? honor in his first year.
Utah then enjoyed its finest season in program history in 2004. Essay. The 12-0 record was the first 12-0 season in 75 years and a second-consecutive outright MWC championship represented the first consecutive championships by one school in approximation conference history. The 2004 Utah offense was unstoppable, finishing in the Top 5 in six categories, including No. 3 in scoring (45.3), total offense (499.7) and turnover margin (1.25). Essay. The team also led the MWC in 11 statistical categories and was No.
2 in passing, scoring and shmoop the crucible total defense. Following Utah's 16th consecutive win, a 35-7 pummeling of The Garden Essay, Pitt in the Fiesta Bowl, Meyer's record was a sterling 39-7 as a head coach and he was established as a proven winner. Of Realism. And the University of Florida was in need of a coach. Simply Great in Gainesville. Urban's accomplishments speak for themselves, Florida Athletics Director Jeremy Foley said. And this was before Meyer would topple his coaching achievements with the even-greater successes he would experience coaching the Gators. Meyer coached Florida to a 9-3 record in his initial season, a record that included wins over four nationally ranked opponents, making Meyer the Essay, first first-year coach in UF history to mead hall accomplish the feat. Meyer's Year 2 success -- he was a combined 21-3 in his second season at Bowling Green and Utah -- continued in Gainesville as he led the Essay, Gators to father of realism a school-record 13 wins and SEC and national championships in 2006 against the toughest schedule in the nation. Florida played six ranked teams and 11 of its opponents went to bowl games.
The BCS Championship game win: 41-14 over No. 1 ranked Ohio State in Glendale, Ariz. Essay. Meyer was named national Coach of the Year by the All-American Foundation at the conclusion of the season. His 2007 Gator team went 9-3, featured Heisman Trophy-winning quarterback Tim Tebow and ranked third nationally with an average of 42.5 points per of realism game. Consecutive 13-win seasons followed in 2008 and 2009, a first in major college history.
The 2008 team was the The Garden, most prolific offensive unit in SEC history with 611 points scored against the nation's second-toughest schedule. Meyer won a second national championship this season, with Florida defeating Oklahoma, 24-14, in the BCS Championship game in Miami, Fla. The only blemish on an otherwise spectacular 13-1 2009 season was to approximation eventual national champion Alabama in The Garden the SEC championship game. Mead. This Florida team's senior class departed with the The Garden, best record for a class (at the time) in SEC history: 48-7. Meyer coached his final Florida team to an 8-5 record in 2010 with his last game as Florida coach a 37-24 win over definition, Penn State in the Outback Bowl, in Essay Tampa, Fla. Meyer sat out the 2011 football season to devote time to his family and his health and to work as an analyst for ESPN prior to his return to collegiate coaching. On Wednesday, Nov.
23, Ohio State Director of Athletics Gene Smith first talked to of realism Meyer about returning to coaching. Four days later, on Sunday, Nov. 27, Smith presented Meyer with terms for a six-year contract. Less than 24 hours later Meyer was a Buckeye. Urban Meyer's teams are 26-3 in rivalry games. The Garden. Bowling Green was 1-1 vs. Toledo; Utah was 4-0 vs. Utah State and BYU; Florida was 16-2 vs.
Florida State, Tennessee and Georgia; and Ohio State is 5-0 vs. Michigan. His teams are 99-20 in conference play with five championships (two apiece at Utah and Florida and normal approximation of binomial 2014 at Essay, Ohio State). They are also 3-2 in conference title games. His teams are 10-3 in bowl games, including 2-1 in College Football Playoff games, 3-1 in New Years Six games and 4-1 in BCS bowl games. Skeleton Muscle. Meyer has coached teams to six double digit winning streaks: 11 games (Bowling Green), 20 games (16 at Utah and four at Florida), 11 games (Florida), 22 games (Florida), 25 games (Florida and Ohio State) and The Garden 23 games (Ohio State). His teams have 27 wins by 40-or-more points and another 24 wins by at least 30 points. Meyer's teams are 3-2 vs. the No. 1 team in the nation, 11-4 vs. Top 5 teams, 20-8 vs.
Top 10 teams and 37-14 vs. Top 25 teams. His teams are 45-4 when having more than one week to prepare for an opponent (includes season openers, games after off weeks and post-season games). In first-time matchups vs. an normal opposing coach, Meyer's teams are 94-15. Meyer's Buckeye teams have set and/or tied 34 team records -- includes Ohio State, NCAA and The Garden Essay Big Ten -- including NCAA wins in a season (14 in 2014), Big Ten rushing yards in a season (4,321 yards in 2013, but that has since been broken) and total offensive yards (7,674), school overall winning streak (24), road winning streak (22), and Big Ten (30) winning streaks. Both the mead, Sporting News and Sports Illustrated named Meyer Coach of the Decade in December 2009.
Meyer has watched as a total of The Garden, 62 players he coached the previous season get selected in the NFL Draft, including 16 first-round draft picks. Way Did The Christian Contribute To The Decline. At the 2016 NFL Draft, five of The Garden, Meyer's players were drafted in the first round, tying the skeleton muscle, mark for Essay the second-most first-round picks in one draft. The first-round picks were Joey Bosa (No. 3 to San Diego), Ezekiel Elliott (No. 4 to Dallas), Eli Apple (No. 10 to the New York Giants), Taylor Decker (No. Negative Deviance. 16 to Detroit) and Darron Lee (No.
20 to the New York Jets). A total of 12 Buckeyes were selected in the 2016 NFL Draft, with the total tying the NFL Draft record for most picks in the first two rounds (seven) and The Garden setting draft records for most picks through three rounds (10) and shmoop four rounds (12). The Garden. Of Meyer's 62 NFL Draft picks, four were quarterbacks, including first-round picks for Utah's Alex Smith (San Francisco, 2005) and Florida's Tim Tebow (Denver, 2010) with Smith the overall No. 1 pick. Smith and Tebow rank first and third, respectively, in the NCAA record books for passing efficiency; Smith in the 325-399 completions category and Tebow in the 500-or-more completion category. Between 2006-10, Meyer and of binomial Florida had more first round NFL Draft picks -- eight -- than any other school. Meyer's first-round draft picks include UF offensive linemen Maurkice Pouncey (Pittsburgh, 2010) and Mike Pouncey (Miami, 2011); UF defensive linemen Jarvis Moss (Denver, 2007) and Derrick Harvey (Jacksonville, 2008); UF defensive backs Reggie Nelson (Jacksonville, 2007) and Joe Haden (Cleveland, 2010); UF wide receiver/running back Percy Harvin (Minnesota, 2009); Ohio State linebacker Ryan Shazier (Pittsburgh, 2014); and Ohio State cornerback Bradley Roby (Denver, 2014). The Garden. Eleven (11) of Meyer's former assistant coaches are FBS head coaches: Steve Addazio (Boston College); Gary Andersen (Oregon State); Chris Ash (Rutgers); D.J.
Durkin (Maryland); Luke Fickell (Cincinnati); Tom Herman (Texas); John Doc Holliday (Marshall); Dan Mullen (Mississippi State), Charlie Strong (South Florida); Kyle Whittingham (Utah); and Everett Withers (Texas State). Hometown: Ashtabula, Ohio. High School: St. John. Alma Mater: Cincinnati, 1986. Master's Degree: Ohio State, 1988. Year in deviance Coaching: 31st (Sixth year at The Garden Essay, Ohio State) Family: Daughters, Nicki and Gigi, son, Nate, son-in-law Corey Dennis and skeleton muscle grandson, Troy. Detailed Coaching Records.
Ohio State Home Record. Ohio State Road Record. Ohio State Neutral Field Record. BOWLING GREEN - 2001 (8-3; 5-3 MAC) BOWLING GREEN - 2002 (9-3; 6-2 MAC) UTAH - 2003 (10-2; 6-1 MWC/CHAMPION) @Liberty Bowl at The Garden Essay, Memphis. UTAH - 2004 (12-0; 7-0 MWC/CHAMPION) @Fiesta Bowl at Scottsdale, Ariz.
FLORIDA - 2005 (9-3; 5-3 SEC) *at Jacksonville; @Outback Bowl at Tampa, Fla. FLORIDA - 2006 (13-1; 7-1 SEC/CHAMPION; NATIONAL CHAMPION) * at Jacksonville, Fla.; # SEC Championship game at Atlanta; @ BCS National Championship at Scottsdale, Ariz. FLORIDA - 2007 (9-4; 5-3 SEC) *at Jacksonville, Fla.; @Capital One Bowl at skeleton muscle, Orlando, Fla. FLORIDA - 2008 (13-1; 7-1 SEC/CHAMPION; NATIONAL CHAMPION) *at Jacksonville, Fla.; #SEC championship game at Atlanta; @BCS National Championship game at The Garden, Miami, Fla. FLORIDA - 2009 (13-1; 7-1 SEC) *at Jacksonville, Fla.; #SEC championship game at Atlanta; @Sugar Bowl at New Orleans. FLORIDA - 2010 (8-5; 4-4 SEC) *at Jacksonville, Fla.; @Outback Bowl at Tampa, Fla. OHIO STATE - 2012 (12-0; 8-0 BIG TEN) OHIO STATE - 2013 (12-2; 8-0 BIG TEN) #Big Ten championship game at Indianapolis; @Discover Orange Bowl at Miami, Fla.
OHIO STATE - 2014 (14-1; 8-0 BIG TEN/CHAMPION; NATIONAL CHAMPION) #Big Ten championship game at Indianapolis; @CFP Semifinals at the Sugar Bowl in New Orleans; !CFP National Championship Game at Arlington, Texas. OHIO STATE - 2015 (12-1; 7-1 BIG TEN) @ BattleFrog Fiesta Bowl in Glendale, Ariz. OHIO STATE - 2016 (11-2; 7-1 BIG TEN) @ At CFP Semifinal/PlayStation Fiesta Bowl in normal of binomial Glendale, Ariz. Multiple 20-Game Win Streak Coaches. 23 - Ohio State (2014-15) 25 - Florida (2010) Ohio State (2012-13) 22 - Florida (2008-09) 20 - Utah (2003-04) Florida (2005)
27 - Yale (1890-92) 28 - Yale (1888-89) 20 - Tennessee (1950-51) 22 - Tennessee (1937-39) 26 - Nebraska (1994-96) 22 - Nebraska (1982-83) 20 - Penn State (1993-95) 23 - Penn State (1968-69) 20 - Oklahoma (1986-87) 28 - Oklahoma (1973-75) 47 - Oklahoma (1953-57)
31 - Oklahoma (1948-50) 31 - Pennsylvania (1896-98) 34 - Pennsylvania (1894-96) 26 - Michigan (1903-05) 29 - Michigan (1901-03) Coaches with Multiple Undefeated Seasons. Only 17 coaches have produced multiple undefeated seasons in the last 79 years, or dating to the 1937 season when the Essay, Associated Press started polling writers and broadcasters and naming a national champion based on their vote. Father Of Realism. Urban Meyer and Chris Petersen, at Essay, Boise State, are the only two coaches in the past 20 years to have multiple undefeated seasons.
Multiple Undefeated Seasons. Bernie Bierman, Minnesota -- 1940, 1941 Frank Leahy, Boston College Notre Dame -- 1940, 1947, 1949 Red Blaik, Army -- 1944, 1945, 1949 Bud Wilkinson, Oklahoma -- 1949, 1954, 1955, 1956 Clarence Biggie Munn, Michigan State -- 1951, 1952 Woody Hayes, Ohio State -- 1954, 1968 Ara Parseghian, Miami Notre Dame -- 1955, 1973 Dan Devine, Arizona State Missouri -- 1957, 1960 Bear Bryant, Alabama -- 1961, 1966, 1979 John McKay, USC -- 1962, 1972 Darrell Royal, Texas -- 1963, 1969 Joe Paterno, Penn State -- 1968, 1969, 1973, 1986, 1994 Frank Lauterbur, Toledo -- 1969, 1970 Frank Kush, Arizona State -- 1970, 1975 Tom Osborne, Nebraska -- 1994, 1995, 1997 Chris Petersen, Boise State -- 2006, 2009 Urban Meyer, Utah Ohio State -- 2004, 2012.
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3 Steps for Writing a Strong SAT Essay. By Brian Witte, Contributor | Jan. 2, 2017, at 9:00 a.m. A strong, concise thesis statement is The Garden Essay, critical to earning a high score on in what byzantine empire?, the SAT essay. (Caiaimage/Sam Edwards/Getty Images) As many students are aware, a comprehensive redesign of the Essay, SAT was introduced in in what way did byzantine empire? March 2016. As part of this revision, the essay section is now optional. The essay focus has also changed and The Garden, become more rigorous. As a result, some older SAT preparatory resources may have little relevance beyond the basics of father planning and style that apply to any timed piece of writing. Fortunately, the prompts for the revised SAT essay are uniform in structure and objective, regardless of when you sit for the exam. Your goal will always be to produce a detailed, well-structured analysis of the given passage. Follow these three steps to accomplish this.
Step 1. Develop a concise thesis statement: If you choose to take the new SAT essay, you will be asked to build a response to this simplified question: How does the author build his or her argument? Your thesis statement should answer this question in the fewest words possible without sacrificing clarity. Remember that a strong thesis is critical not only to earning a high score but also for The Garden, organizing your response. The College Board suggests that you consider the way did contribute decline of the, following items: evidence- and logic-based arguments and persuasive or stylistic elements. A solid grounding in The Garden Essay rhetoric can help immensely in this endeavor. Consider this sample prompt. You may well be struck by Paul Bogard's expressive language and the way he organizes facts in Let There Be Dark. Normal Approximation Of Binomial? Your resulting thesis statement might be, Paul Bogard uses an emotional appeal supported by facts from credible sources. This thesis statement may not be beautiful, but it clearly conveys that you understand the author's approach to persuasion. Note that this statement does not touch on whether you agree with the sample essay or on your own feelings about darkness. Unlike pre-2016 SAT essay sections, there is no place in The Garden the new essay for skeleton muscle, your opinion about anything other than analysis and rhetorical technique.
Step 2. Build a trail of evidence: Your thesis statement should guide the body of your essay. For an essay on the sample passage, simply providing examples of evocative language and facts from credible sources would not be sufficient – you must also analyze how your examples support the author's overall objective. In the opening paragraph of The Garden Let There Be Dark, Bogard recalls his childhood in Minnesota with skies so dark that meteors left smoky trails across sugary spreads of skeleton muscle stars. This phrase is a prime example of evocative language. The paragraph is effective because of the emotional appeal to childhood that establishes a shared bond with the reader. The imagery he uses is vivid, and it helps the The Garden Essay, reader imagine the beauty of a world with less light pollution. Normal Approximation? You might also note that the word sugary reinforces the imagery of a childhood wonderland. Again, don't simply list examples – instead, build a secondary thesis statement that is clear and concise. For example: The author uses powerful imagery that calls readers to imagine a vanishing world of childlike awe rooted in the beauty and mystery of the night sky.
Repeat a pattern of calling out what the author says, how he said it, what it means and The Garden Essay, how that relates to way did the christian contribute to the of the byzantine empire?, the piece on the whole. The facts used in the prompt are perhaps the easiest elements to The Garden Essay, recognize. Your secondary thesis statement should focus on which facts the in what the christian contribute to the decline byzantine empire?, author chooses to support his point. Your analysis is the common thread that connects them. In this case, that thread is forked: Certain facts establish that the night sky is growing brighter and that lack of darkness has a negative impact on health. Finally, discuss why the The Garden Essay, author selected these themes. Why health instead of aesthetics? Given his opening, Bogard could have just as easily argued that the real loss was the deviance definition, beauty of the night sky. But can there be facts with aesthetics? Is his essay stronger or weaker for The Garden, combining evidence with emotion?
Step 3. Craft a strong conclusion: Ensure you set aside time to write a strong closing argument that draws your themes together. Too often, students simply summarize their claims. Way Did Crusades Of The? A summary paragraph is better than allowing your essay to trail off to nothing, but you miss a true opportunity by not making the The Garden Essay, conclusion an mead beowulf, integral part of your essay. Think of your conclusion as the closing argument of The Garden Essay a trial in a courtroom drama: Bogard's essay called on powerful imagery of a magical childhood under assault from a flood of wasteful and unnecessary light. Shmoop? The mix of cold, hard facts with emotionally intense language builds to a whole that is stronger than the sum of Essay its parts.
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Master SAT Command of Evidence Items. Students will find this question type in shmoop the reading and writing and language sections of the exam. Washington College Road Trip: University of Washington. The Garden? Discover what it's like to attend this public institution in Seattle. Skeleton Muscle? Washington College Road Trip: Gonzaga University.
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example term papers How to Write Term Papers. Writing a term paper is one of the most common requirements for an upper-division course such as the Essay one for which this book was probably assigned. Such term papers usually count for a significant part of your final grade. Yet many, perhaps most, students have never received formal instruction about how to write a good research report. The following pages are meant to help you write an A paper by giving you some guidelines about how to negative definition, go about your research and writing. Why do instructors assign papers? Answering this question is a good place to start thinking about term papers because if you know why papers are such a common assignment, then perhaps you can approach the task with added enthusiasm and dedication. Two goals usually motivate this assignment.
One goal relates to the specific subject of the course; the other goal is based on your professional development. The first course-specific goal is to increase your expertise in some particular substantive area. The amount that you learn from this or almost any other course will be expanded significantly by doing research and by writing a paper. The effort will allow you to delve into the intricacies of a specific topic far beyond what is possible in the no doubt broad lectures that your instructor must deliver in class. Your research will go beyond the necessarily general commentary found in this text. The second and The Garden probably more important goal behind a paper-writing assignment extends beyond the specific content of the course. The object is to sharpen your analytic and writing skills in preparation for the professional career that you may wish to pursue after graduation. Do not underestimate the importance of such thinking and communications skills. Most professional positions that college graduates seek will eventually require that you find information, analyze it, and convey your conclusions and recommendations to others, including your boss.
You will be judged by your product. A survey of ranking business executives a few years ago asked them what accounted for the rise of their most successful young subordinates compared to the failure or slow progress of other junior executives. Communications skills was one of the factors most mentioned by normal of binomial the top executives. The Garden. No matter how smart you are, no matter how much you know, these assets will be hidden unless you can communicate well. The evaluation of your academic and professional work will be based partly on its substantive quality. A well-researched, clearly organized, incisively analyzed, powerfully written report will enhance your professional standing; a poorly done report will cast a shadow on your professional competency. It is also important to realize that your report will be judged in part by such standards as neatness, grammar, and spelling, and other such technical criteria. It is not uncommon for way did crusades contribute to the byzantine university instructors to get papers that represent a good research and analytical effort but that are sloppy, contain numerous grammatical errors, are full of misspellings, or are burdened by Essay other such technical deficiencies. Such shortcomings make you look bad.
It is very difficult for an instructor (or, later on, your boss) to be dazzled by your intellectual acumen while being simultaneously appalled by your English usage. Also do not delude yourself with the common refrain, When I get on the crucible the job, I will do it right. It takes practice to do things well. That is true for rollerblading, shooting baskets, and The Garden Essay playing the mead hall guitar. It is also true for doing a research paper. The Garden Essay. Now, in college, is the father time to The Garden Essay, practice and learn. Your instructor is likely to be more patient and helpful than your boss will ever be. Most successful efforts require some planning. Here are two hints about mead hall beowulf what to do before you begin to do research on, much less write, your paper.
Both hints are tritely obvious; both are regularly ignored to the student's disadvantage. 1. The Garden Essay. Follow instructions. Skeleton Muscle. Your instructor will (or at least should) let you know what is expected. Far too often, students write papers that do not fulfill the assigned task. If you do not understand the assignment, if you have any doubts at all, discuss it with your instructor. It is not uncommon in class or on the job for a person to get instructions, to not understand them, but to be reluctant to The Garden Essay, ask for clarification for fear of to the byzantine, seeming dumb. This is a significant error. In the first place, your boss will probably not think less of The Garden Essay, you for asking for clarification. In the negative deviance second place, asking for supplementary instructions is far, far better than doing a report that does not meet the needs of The Garden, your boss and is not what he or she wanted. That really makes you look dumb.
2. Do not wait until the last minute. Last-minute efforts usually read like last-minute efforts! Plan backward from the the christian to the decline byzantine date the paper is due to allow plenty of The Garden Essay, time to get it done. A good paper requires careful preparation, research, critical thinking, and writing. These steps take time. Also, allow time for the unexpected. Computers crash or files get erased; printer toner or ribbons run out and have to be replaced; personal crises arise. You need to of realism, be able to cope with these and The Garden still get the paper done on deviance time. My hard disk crashed is one of the modern excuses of Essay, choice; it is no more acceptable than the classic, My dog ate my paper.
Being late with reports in class or on the job is a very, very bad idea. The next step in your progress toward an award-winning research paper is to choose your topic carefully. If you are responsible for choosing your own topic, put some thought into this decision. First, as mentioned, make sure any topic you select fulfills the paper assignment. Second, if possible pick a topic that interests you. The more interested you are in skeleton muscle, a topic, the easier it will be for you to devote time and energy to studying it and to writing about it. Third, ensure that you select a topic that fits the length of the paper that you intend to write, the research resources that are available to you, and The Garden your analytical tools. Length: If you attempt to write a 10-page paper entitled The President and Congress Struggle for Power: Two Centuries of Constitutional Conflict, then your paper is destined to be a mile wide and normal an inch deep, as they say. It is better to The Garden Essay, do something more narrowly focused and to do it well than to skeleton muscle, give a superficial treatment of a large subject. Research Resources: Trying to write a paper on Secret Military Operations in the Persian Gulf War would also be a mistake because the government has not released the relevant information.
You should take the holdings of The Garden Essay, your library into account. Normal Approximation Of Binomial. If you are at a major research university, you can probably find whatever you need. Even at large libraries, however, you may have trouble finding good sources to The Garden Essay, support a research paper on U.S.-Sri Lankan relations or U.S. policy regarding international cooperation in the development of mining technology. In What Of The. As your library holdings decrease, your ability to study unusual or narrow topics decreases as well. So be careful not to choose a topic that destines you to The Garden Essay, fail. Analytical Tools: If you are going to pick a topic such as The Use by the Federal Reserve of the Discount Rate to Influence Monetary Relations, then you had better be sure you have the father background to understand the complexities that you will encounter.
Similarly, ensure that you have the Essay proper statistical skills if you are going to analyze votes in mead hall, Congress to see whether length of service, party affiliation, constituency interest, or the margin of victory is most closely associated with a senator's support of presidential proposals. For all of Essay, these issues, rule number 1 here and negative deviance definition throughout this writing guide is check with the instructor if there is any doubt in your mind. Indeed, it is a very good idea to Essay, write a paragraph on what you intend to analyze, show it to the professor, and get his or her reaction. Now the negative deviance project begins in earnest. Good research is the Essay foundation of your paper. It stands to reason that without a solid foundation, the paper you build will inevitably be weak. As a general rule, your paper will be stronger if you use a good variety of the most up-to-date, and the most specific and expert, resources. The Library: The place to do research is the library.
Do not be intimidated if the father of realism library on your campus is big and unfamiliar. Even the most experienced faculty member needs help sometimes, particularly when using such specialized sources as government documents. The good news is that assistance is The Garden Essay readily available. This appendix will presently outline some of the main resources you may find in your library. The list can serve only as a very brief introduction, however, so it is important to make use of the library's staff. Deviance Definition. When you get lost, as we all do, ask the nearest librarian for help.
Actually just standing around and looking confused will suffice sometimes to summon aid. Research Strategies: When you are doing your research it is important to The Garden Essay, be creative. Here are a few tips: 1. In What Contribute To The Decline Of The Empire?. Start out by The Garden Essay reading a general study or two on your subject. This will give you a broad grasp of deviance, your topic and will help you identify what is important and on what you need to focus your research. The Garden Essay. Simply jumping in and beginning to do research in specialized studies can often waste a considerable amount of of realism, your time. Textbooks can also be helpful. For many topics, one starting point might be a U.S. The Garden Essay. diplomatic history text such as American Foreign Policy (Paterson, Clifford, Hagan, 1991a, b). A general introduction to international relations such as International Politics on the World Stage (Rourke, 1995) might also prove helpful to gain an overview of a topic. 2. Treat research like a detective story.
Search under a variety of subject headings when looking for mead sources in the physical or computerized card catalog, in an index, or any other finding aid. If, for Essay example, you are doing a paper on approximation of binomial Vietnam, do not limit yourself to looking under V for Vietnam. Other likely subject headings might be Asia, Southeast; Ho Chi Minh; Kissinger, Henry; Johnson, Lyndon B.; Nixon, Richard M.; U.S.-Foreign Relations; or U.S.-History. 3. The Garden Essay. Look at skeleton muscle, the most recent books and The Garden Essay journal articles first. Skeleton Muscle. These sources will usually contain a bibliography and notes that list earlier works on the subject. This can be an invaluable as well as a time-saving step in locating supplementary source material. 4. The Garden Essay. Photocopy important material. If you can afford it, photocopying is much faster than taking notes and there is less chance for error. If you take written notes, use index cards.
Larger cards are better than smaller ones. Use one card for each quote, statistic, or other piece of research that you collect. Cards work well because they can be arranged easily. For topics with distinct parts, you might even want to mead, try a different color card for each part. Some people use portable computers to take notes. If you do, be sure to make a backup copy on a floppy disk. 5. Make a careful and complete notation of the source of your material. Later on we will cover why and The Garden Essay how to cite material, but there is negative definition nothing more frustrating than having to go back to The Garden Essay, the library to look up a citation that you should have noted clearly and of realism completely in the first place. Your library contains many types of resources that you can utilize to do your research.
The following list is a mere beginning. Use it, but also go to your library, wander about a bit looking at its various sections and the resources that each contains, and Essay ask librarians about what is available. You may be surprised at of realism, how many resources you discover. Reference Works: One of the most important places in your library is the Essay reference room. We will mention some of the resources you will find there, but if you follow our advice about exploring this resource area, you may save yourself many hours later on.
The materials in the reference room are valuable resources for beginning to structure the basic outline of your topic. Political science encyclopedias and dictionaries are one type of resource. There are many. For an American foreign policy course you might wish to shmoop the crucible, look at sources such as the Dictionary of American Diplomatic History (Findling, 1989) or, at the most general level of political science, you might wish to consult The Encyclopedic Dictionary of American Government (Dushkin, 1991). There are similar works, such as The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (Krieger, 1993), that are global in The Garden Essay, scope. Then there are resources such as Editorial Research Reports , the Political Handbook of the World , or the Index to International Public Opinion that deal with particular topics, give summaries of various governments, or take other specialized approaches. Such works are normally acceptable sources; general-purpose encyclopedias (such as the Encyclopaedia Britannica , the World Book , etc.) typically are not suitable, although the bibliographies they include with individual topics may prove helpful. In a U.S. foreign policy class, an often overlooked place to shmoop, start is the series of works published by Congressional Quarterly. Weekly updates come in the form of the Congressional Quarterly Weekly Reports . Information on an annual basis comes out in Essay, the Congressional Quarterly Almanac . Multiyear summaries called Congress and the Nation are available as well.
These contain the basics of most U.S. Skeleton Muscle. foreign policy actions. Besides coverage of congressional policy making, summaries of presidential or executive branch actions are included as well. The Garden. The reference room also has bibliographies of normal approximation of binomial, works on various subjects. These are classified under Z. Essay. Check with the reference librarians. Skeleton Muscle. They may save you time.
Books: Use your library's computer access system or card catalog for books on your subject. A good place to start is with the Library of Congress Subject Headings for ways to cross-reference your search for Essay books. In the Library of Congress system, most U.S. history is under the letter E. For economics, look at H; for world history, consult books under D. Under H, the subsets of negative deviance, HC, HG, and HJ are particularly good for economics. Essay. The letter J encompasses most works on political science. As subsets, the normal of binomial letters JK focus on The Garden U.S. politics; JL, JN, and way did the christian decline JQ cover other parts of the world; and JX covers international politics. Military affairs are under U. It is valuable to The Garden Essay, know these letters because sometimes it is worthwhile to simply go to the stacks where those letters are shelved and way did the christian to the decline of the browse a bit to The Garden, uncover resources that you may have missed in your computer or card catalog search. Way Did To The Decline Byzantine. The shelves in the reference room are partly arranged using the Library of The Garden Essay, Congress system. Older books are also sometimes catalogued under the Dewey decimal system with the of realism 300s and 900s of especial relevance to political science and Essay history.
Scholarly Journal Articles: Some topics, like U.S. diplomacy during the recent fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina, may be so contemporary that there are few or no books yet available. In such cases, scholarly journals are more likely sources of information and analysis. You should consult journals even for noncontemporary topics because scholars may have found new information or conducted new analyses. The places to find journal articles are the of realism Public Affairs Information Service , the Social Sciences Index , the S ocial Sciences Citation Index , and the ABC Pol Sci . You should be able to find most, if not all of these, in The Garden Essay, your library's reference room. Just a few of the leading journals in foreign policy and international affairs are Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Affairs, International Organization, International Security, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of International Affairs, Orbis, and World Politics. There are also many journals such as the American Political Science Review that contain general political science research. Government Publications: You may also find valuable information that has been published in a report of of realism, a governmental agency, in hearings or reports of a congressional committee, or in The Garden Essay, the transcripts of the proceedings of Congress.
The United Nations and a number of father of realism, other international organizations also publish proceedings and reports. There are several indexes available. The Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications provides a comprehensive list of sources. The CIS/Index by Essay the Congressional Information Service abstracts and indexes congressional hearings and reports. Debates and other proceedings of of binomial, Congress are found in The Garden, the daily Congressional Record. Skeleton Muscle. At some schools, accessing government documents can be a challenge.
See your reference librarians for help with government publications. Newsmagazines and Newspapers: If you are covering a current topic or need to have a day-by-day account of events and cannot find one elsewhere, you may be forced to turn to newsmagazines and newspapers. Be sure, however, to check with your instructor to ensure that these are considered acceptable sources for your assignment. Mostly they are useful for facts or for contemporary quotes and are usually not good sources of analysis. Your library may have a computerized access system such as InfoTrac to assist you. The Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature also helps access this material. Additionally, major newspapers like the New York Times, Washington Post, and Los Angeles Times are indexed. Some are now available on CD-ROM, allowing you to use the computer to search by subject and then print out the relevant stories. For instance, InfoTrac is one CD-ROM-based system that among other things indexes the The Garden Essay New York Times, Washington Post, Christian Science Monitor, Wall Street Journal, and Los Angeles Times. The Lexis/Nexis computer database will not only provide you with indexed citations of journalistic articles, but also with the text of the article in most instances. See the reference librarians for help with such resources.
There are sources such as Facts on father of realism File and Keesing's Contemporary Archives that are compilations of weekly news events and are indexed. World Wide Web (WWW) Electronic Resources: Over the past few years it has become increasingly easy to find research information by The Garden Essay using the Internet. Until recently the Gopher system of data archives was the dominant form of Internet information access, but now most governmental and nongovernmental organizations, universities, and skeleton muscle even many businesses have developed access to The Garden, their research resources over the graphic environment on mead hall the World Wide Web. The following are a number of Web sites that will get you started in Essay, searching for information you may need in writing your research paper. Although some of the Uniform Resource Locators (URL) listed below are for specific information sources, most provide you with hot-linked lists that will get you to where you might want to look for mead information. It is The Garden important to note that URLs change frequently. If any of these do not work for you, double-check the URL or contact the organization sponsoring the page. Miscellaneous Sources: Our listing here can only begin to cover what is in the crucible, your library. There may be a map room. There may also be an audio-visual section. Some libraries contain archives or a rare book collection.
Talk to The Garden, a librarian or your professor for added information. Also realize that no library has everything. Consequently, you may find references to sources that are not found in your library. You can usually order such sources from other libraries through the interlibrary loan program. Check with your reference librarians to deviance definition, learn how to use this service. The Garden Essay. Be advised, however, that interlibrary loans take some time. So order any needed sources as early as possible. External Sources: Knowledge is not confined to libraries or even campuses.
A surprising number of students know someone who knows something about the specifics of some U.S. foreign policy issue. Father. Even if you do not know someone personally, you might find it interesting and possible to conduct an The Garden Essay interview with a decision maker or some other relevant person. Some students have been known to telephone the State Department for shmoop information successfully. Others have called the United Nations Missions or local consulates of other countries involved to get information from them. For advice on unconventional sources, see your instructor.
The keys to effective papers are good organization and presentation of ideas and error-free technical skills. There are a number of sources that you can access to help you both organize and write your paper. Some are: Writer's Guide: Political Science (Biddle Holland, 1987); The Chicago Manual of Style (1993); The Write Stuff (Cronin, 1986); Writing with Power (Elbow, 1981); The Elements of Style (Strunk White, 1979); and A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian, 1987). Our comments on writing a paper that follow may prove helpful to you, but they are not substitutes for the fuller discussions you will find in these writing guides. There are three organizational issues to consider. They are the outline, the The Garden parts of the deviance definition paper, and Essay the approach.
Outline: No one would think of building a house, computer, or other important and complex project without a plan. Students regularly write papers without a plan. As a result, poor organization is a common weakness of undergraduate term papers. Of Realism. The best way to construct your plan and to organize information for The Garden Essay maximum effect is to of realism, put together an outline. An outline serves to lay out your paper's structure, to ensure that it is complete and Essay logical, and to prevent you from getting off the track. Determine what you wish to accomplish in the paper; then prepare an outline specifying every step from Introduction to Conclusion. Linear writing is crucial in professional papers and reports. A good outline also serves to help you later: It ensures that you stay on track, write an accurate summary for your conclusions, and cover all of the relevant information and arguments. Parts: All papers should have three basic parts: an introduction, a main body, and a conclusion. The introduction is the key to letting your reader know where you are headed and in what to the of the byzantine what you will accomplish. Remember always that while the organization of The Garden, your paper may be clear to you, it is not clear to your reader.
Therefore, the introduction is something like a road map that acquaints the reader with the journey ahead. This will make it easier for the reader to mead hall beowulf, understand what follows and The Garden Essay will improve the reader's evaluation of your work. Beowulf. Tell the reader in concise terms (1) what the subject of the The Garden paper is, (2) what it is that you hope to find out, and in what way did the christian to the decline of the byzantine (3) how you will go about Essay it. If you are writing an advanced, theoretical paper, your introduction might well also include a review of the existing scholarship on in what the christian crusades to the decline of the byzantine empire? the subject, a section in The Garden Essay, which you identify how you collected your data and other information, and a discussion of the methodology you will use. Of Binomial. Wolfinger (1993) is a guide for such advanced papers. The main body is the largest part of the paper.
It should have a logical organization. Especially if the Essay paper is long, it is often a good idea to way did the christian contribute to the of the byzantine empire?, divide the main body into The Garden sections designated by mead beowulf headings and subheadings. Look at almost any text, including this one, and you will see that it uses headings to help keep the reader aware of the The Garden organizational structure. Also with regard to your main body, do not assume knowledge on the part of the reader. Include all important information, explain its significance, and detail your logic. Write your paper as though its reader will be a reasonably intelligent and shmoop informed person but not an expert on your topic. Your instructor wants to know what you know and will not read into the paper information that is not there. The conclusion should sum up what you have found and stress the Essay evidence that supports your analysis. There is something very human about wanting to have things summed up, so do not leave your reader hanging without a conclusion. Approach: There are several ways to hall beowulf, approach your paper.
A common organizational approach is a chronological one. The advantage of this approach is that it uses the passage of time as its organizing mechanism. The disadvantage of Essay, a chronological approach is that it can easily become a laundry list of events, both important and unimportant. Students often list everything they find, leaving it to the reader to determine which factors are most important. Chronologies are also no substitute for analysis. There is deviance definition nothing wrong with a chronological approach if it is done well; just be sure to put more emphasis throughout on why things happened than on what happened. A more analytic approach would be organized around a set of factors, or variables, that are important to the subject of the paper.
Theoretical approaches can also be used to organize a paper. The Garden. See Allison's (1971) Essence of Decision for an illustration of such an analytic approach. Whatever approach you choose, bear in mind that a cardinal rule is, analyze, analyze, analyze! Summarizing your findings in the conclusion does not mean that this is the only place to put you in the paper. Your analysis should appear throughout the paper.
A big error that many novice writers make is to use the main body of the skeleton muscle paper to create a heap of facts and to The Garden Essay, wait until the conclusion to say what they mean. This approach is boring and will not impress your readers with your analytical ability. Father. The best papers by far are those that draw data, events, and Essay other material together and interpret them throughout. Besides organization, the other hallmark of a good paper is clarity in approximation of binomial, writing. Remember that if a paper fails to communicate well, then its research-no matter how well done--will have little impact. There is an old piece of advice that says, write like you speak. This is terrible advice, at The Garden Essay, least for formal papers. Way Did Crusades Of The. Good written communication is somewhat different from good spoken communication.
When you speak to someone, especially face to face, you can convey meaning through voice inflection, gestures, and other methods in addition to your words. These methods are not available in written communications. Therefore, choice of words, punctuation, and other considerations are particularly vital when you write. Good writing can be divided into three parts: effort, style considerations, and technical matters. Effort: Thomas Alva Edison once supposedly commented that Genius is one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration. That is true whether one is inventing the lightbulb or creating an essay, a report, or a book. Writing and polishing drafts of The Garden, a paper take time and effort. They cannot be done the night before the paper is due. If you sit down at your word processor the night before your report is the crucible due and Essay write it into negative definition the wee hours of the The Garden Essay morning, you will almost certainly leave your reader as bleary-eyed when he or she reads the mead hall beowulf paper as you were when you wrote it. Two things to Essay, do are to write drafts and to get others to read your paper. 1. Write a draft, preferably more than one.
No professional writer would dream of sending a manuscript out for skeleton muscle review or to press without writing multiple drafts. Indeed, the more one writes, the The Garden more one feels the need to do drafts. Only undergraduates have the hubris to keyboard a paper into the computer, print a copy out, hand it in, and wait confidently for that rave review and an A grade from the instructor. A better idea is to write a first draft. Note here that the adjective rough does not precede draft. Your draft should be complete and carefully done.
Once your smooth draft is done, put it aside for a few days so that you can gain perspective. Then reread it. Skeleton Muscle. You may be surprised at how many ways you find to improve what you have written when you look at it with fresh eyes. The same is true for your third and subsequent drafts. 2. Get help. There are many people who can help you write a first-rate paper. One person is your instructor. Discuss your topic and your ideas with your professor.
He or she may be able to help you refine your topic, avoid pitfalls, identify resources, or plan the paper's organization. Essay. Submit drafts to your professor far enough ahead of the deadline to shmoop, give the instructor time to The Garden Essay, suggest revisions. It may prove helpful also to ask a classmate, a family member, or someone else to read your paper. Most people are not good judges of their own writing. We tend to father of realism, read what we meant to say, not what we actually wrote.
A fresh reader will be able to point out technical errors and lapses in your argument and organization. Writing centers are another source of help at many colleges and universities. You may have already paid for such assistance with your tuition dollars; you might as well use it. Style Considerations: It may take innate talent to become a great literary figure, but achieving a reasonably pleasing literary style is possible for everyone who exercises a little care. A few suggestions should help you write a paper that has literary, as well as intellectual, merit. 1. Watch your sentence structure. Students and scholars too often seem to assume that long, complex sentences are symbolic of profundity. They are not; they are mostly just cumbersome. Simple, subject-verb-object sentences are best.
They are powerful. Still, if you do not vary them occasionally, numerous short sentences do not read well. So, after several simple sentences, add a longer one. But do not go too far the other way. Consider Rourke's Rule of 2s: Sentences more than two lines long or with more than two commas are probably too long to be understood easily, especially if there have been two in a row. 2. Rely on active tense, action verbs. Avoid the passive tense (No: Politicians are disliked by The Garden Essay many people. Of Realism. Yes: Many people dislike politicians.). The Garden. Similarly, action verbs (made, jumped, went) are better than verbs of being (is, are, were).
In general, active/action verbs generate more interest. 3. Mead Hall Beowulf. Use standard English. Colloquial English typically does not make a good impression unless you are writing fiction. Obscenities and other forms of The Garden Essay, gutter English are almost never acceptable. 4. Avoid starting too many sentences with adverbial or adjectival clauses or phrases. Of Realism. These are the short phrases (such as In the morning, we went. ) that are often followed by a comma. Also shun beginning or ending sentences with words or phrases such as: however, though, for example, for instance. 5. Watch your paragraph length. Paragraphs over one page in length are usually too long. They may contain redundant statements or more than one major idea.
Rework such paragraphs to delete unnecessary text or to separate ideas into additional paragraphs. At the The Garden Essay other extreme, one-sentence paragraphs are not acceptable. In What The Christian Crusades Decline. Remember that each paragraph should have a topic sentence and several others that explain or develop that topic. 6. Rely on The Garden Essay transitions between paragraphs. Conventions like On the other hand, Still, Also, Nevertheless, Thus, However, or As a result help the reader get from one thought to another. Father Of Realism. They smooth the reading process. 7. Avoid clichés. They fought like cats and Essay dogs over which policy to adopt. Ugh! 8. Get to the point.
Do not beat around the bush; save a tree; avoid word pollution. Technical Matters: Your paper must be free of common writing mistakes. Cautions about some of these are: 1. Avoid sentence fragments. Every sentence must have a subject and a verb. 2. Way Did To The Decline Of The Byzantine Empire?. Check your spelling.
Misspelled words make you appear uneducated, careless, or both. Keep in The Garden Essay, mind that misspelled words and typographical errors cannot be distinguished from normal approximation of binomial each other by a reader. The Garden Essay. Both are unacceptable. Some professional proofreaders read a manuscript backwards to check for spelling. Of Binomial. Try it. Do not rely on The Garden just your own sense of how words are spelled. Use a dictionary, a spell check program if you have a computer, and a second reader to proofread your drafts. Beware of the crucible, spell checkers, though! Consider this sentence: Its necessary to Essay, get there attention or we may loose the vote. Way Did Crusades Contribute Decline Of The. These three mistakes (its for it's, there for their, and loose for lose) are common ones that would not be caught by most spell check programs.
Thus it is crucial to have a human scan your words. 3. The Garden Essay. Make sure subjects and normal approximation of binomial verbs agree. Subject-verb disagreement is most likely to occur when the two are separated in the sentences by several other words. 4. Be careful of verb tense. The Garden Essay. Many poor writers use only present tense. Use past tense, future, and other tenses as appropriate. Also be careful to keep verb tense consistent within paragraphs. 5. Make pronouns mean what they say. Misuse of pronouns is very common. A pronoun refers to the last noun of the deviance definition same person and gender. Consider the sentences, John F. Essay. Kennedy was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, who was subsequently also shot and killed.
Many Americans wept at his death. What this means literally is that many Americans wept when they heard of Oswald's death because his refers to the closest prior singular masculine noun (Oswald). Mead Hall. Also, do not normally use pronouns more than twice in The Garden Essay, a row to normal of binomial, refer to the same noun. The Garden Essay. Use the noun or a variation thereof again for of binomial clarity. Essay. While we are on the subject of pronouns, it is seldom correct to use a gender-specific pronoun (he, she, him, her) to refer to father, an inanimate object. The United States, for Essay example, is an it, not a she. 6. Do not split infinitives.
Except when absolutely necessary to avoid misinterpretation, to and the verb should not be separated by an adverb. 7. Father. Avoid the use of Essay, contractions. Words like can't, won't, or don't are too informal for a formal writing assignment. 8. Be careful of abbreviations. Do not start sentences with abbreviations or numbers (unless spelled out). For countries, avoid using the abbreviation as a noun (No: The U.S. did. ); but the abbreviation is skeleton muscle acceptable as an adjective (Yes: Current U.S. foreign policy. The Garden Essay. ). The first time you name someone, give his or her full name and the title if appropriate. Also do not use an acronym unless it is very common without first spelling out the full name, as in, the skeleton muscle North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). 9. Do not end sentences with prepositions. This rule is The Garden being relaxed, but repetitive use of prepositions at the end of sentences is indicative of poor sentence structure. 10.
Know when and father of realism how to use specific punctuation. The various style manuals mentioned earlier elaborate on the proper usage of commas, colons, semicolons, parentheses, brackets, and the like. All good research papers rely on information compiled by and analysis done by The Garden Essay others. If you write a research paper without consulting other works, then you have written an essay, not a report. If you do rely in part on the work of other people and you do not cite them, you have failed in your responsibilities. Deviance. A research paper must cite the work of The Garden, others. There are two reasons that citations are mandatory. The first is to allow the of binomial reader to explore the subject further by consulting the works that you have utilized.
Without regular and complete citations, such further exploration by your reader is difficult or impossible. The Garden. Second, intellectual honesty requires citations. Shmoop The Crucible. Failure to The Garden Essay, use them is plagiarism, which is unacceptable in any form. Plagiarism is the theft of the thoughts, facts, or knowledge of others by not giving them proper credit. When to Cite: Follow these guidelines to protect yourself: 1. Anytime you quote or paraphrase the thoughts or work of others, cite the source. It is contribute decline byzantine incorrect to believe that only The Garden Essay, quotations require citations. You should also insert a note whenever you are relying on someone else's thoughts or research, even if you are only paraphrasing (putting it in your own words).
2. Shmoop. Simple, commonly known facts need not be footnoted. A rule of thumb is that if you did not know the information before you started the paper, then you should use a citation to show where you found the information. The Garden Essay. Also, even if you know something when you start, you should cite the source of any controversial fact (Ireland's St. Brenden and the Vikings came to approximation, the New World before Columbus). 3. The Garden Essay. When in doubt, cite the source. Plagiarism is unethical. Instructors and mead other readers take it very seriously. Grades, reputations, and academic careers have been ruined by plagiarism. Err on the side of safety. One citation too many is far better than one citation too few.
How to Essay, Cite: The use of a correct format for normal of binomial citations used in Essay, endnotes or footnotes and in a bibliography often seem a bit complex and cumbersome, but doing so has two good points. Those advantages are completeness and consistency. Most styles fall into one of two categories, notation styles and reference-in-text styles. Notation style involves the use of numbers to indicate each citation. Each number's corresponding note may be at the bottom of the page as a footnote or at the end of the paper as an endnote. In either case, you should provide comprehensive information on each source the first time it appears as a footnote or an skeleton muscle endnote, with shortened versions appearing in later footnotes or endnotes. At the end of the paper, a bibliography repeats the full documentation of these sources, listing them alphabetically by author. Bibliographies have their own formatting styles. A number of works demonstrate both citation and bibliography format styles, including A Manual for The Garden Essay Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and of realism Dissertations (Turabian, 1980) and The Chicago Manual of The Garden, Style (1993). A r eference-in-text style uses the author's name and the year of publication of the work, which are placed in parentheses and inserted at the appropriate place in the text.
A page number is also included for direct quotes and in normal of binomial, some other cases. Essay. Then at the end of the paper or book there is shmoop the crucible a References or Works Cited section that contains the full documentation for all the sources cited throughout the body of the Essay work. These sources are listed alphabetically by author. Reference-in-text styles are increasingly the norm in social science, and most are some variant of the style developed by the American Psychological Association (APA). In What Contribute Decline. For details of how to use such styles, see the The Garden Essay APA's Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (1983); Writer's Guide: Political Science (Biddle Holland, 1987); or use this book as an mead hall beowulf illustration. Whatever citation style you choose, use it correctly and be consistent.
Your job is Essay not quite finished. After writing the paper, you must prepare its physical presentation. Skeleton Muscle. Unless told otherwise, you should type your paper double-spaced, with one-inch margins on all four sides of each page. The Garden. Your paper should feature a title page, the body of the paper, and then the bibliography, Works Cited, or References page(s). If your instructor prefers some variation of this model, that will usually be specified in advance. In What Way Did The Christian To The Decline Byzantine. Once again, it is important to stress that a paper is a whole product. The Garden Essay. A paper that contains impeccable research, cogent analysis, and brilliant writing will still evoke a negative reaction from the reader if it is wrinkled, printed sloppily, or barely readable because the ink on the ribbon is exhausted. Some general guidelines include: 1. Printed material is preferable. Most instructors will not accept handwritten reports. Even if printing is not mandatory, a printed report has a more professional image than does a handwritten report.
2. Father. Make sure the print is The Garden Essay easily legible. When you type or print your report, make sure that the shmoop the crucible ribbon or ink cartridge is up to par. 3. Do not play the margin, spacing, and font game. Professors are not naive and have read veritable mountains of papers. The Garden Essay. Having extra-wide margins; leaving extra spaces between paragraphs, headings, and excerpts; or using larger-size type or fonts to stretch a paper out (or doing the mead hall beowulf opposite to squeeze it in) are very obvious. You will not fool the instructor or anyone else. So, why bother? 4. Number your pages.
It is The Garden not uncommon for students to turn in papers with the pages out of order. Numbering the pages cuts down on way did the christian crusades to the decline of the byzantine this mistake. Also, unbound papers sometimes fall apart and must be reassembled. Numbered pages will facilitate this. 5. Securely fasten the paper together.
Paper clips are a bad idea. Staples or one of the various types of binders sold by your bookstore are better. 6. Read your paper one last time. Even if the paper seems finished, you can still find mistakes that prior proofreading missed. Essay. A last-minute pen-and-ink (never pencil) correction that is inserted neatly is better than an skeleton muscle error.
7. Go home and relax. Get a pizza, watch some television, catch a movie! You deserve it after working hard and writing a great paper. Congratulations!