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How Wall Street Killed Financial Reform. It's bad enough that the banks strangled the Dodd-Frank law. Even worse is the way they did it - with a big assist from Congress and john comenious, the White House. Two years ago, when he signed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, President Barack Obama bragged that he'd dealt a crushing blow to the extravagant financial corruption that had caused the global economic crash in 2008. Examples! These reforms represent the strongest consumer financial protections in history, the president told an adoring crowd in downtown D.C. on July 21st, 2010. Comenious! In history . This was supposed to be the big one. OF TEARS Essay! At 2,300 pages, the new law ostensibly rewrote the rules for Wall Street.

It was going to john comenious put an end to on Investment in Intangible Assets predatory lending in the mortgage markets, crack down on hidden fees and penalties in credit contracts, and create a powerful new Consumer Financial Protection Bureau to safeguard ordinary consumers. Big banks would be banned from gambling with taxpayer money, and john amos, a new set of rules would limit speculators from making the english characters kind of crazy-ass bets that cause wild spikes in the price of food and john comenious, energy. There would be no more AIGs, and the world would never again face a financial apocalypse when a bank like Lehman Brothers went bankrupt. Most importantly, even if any of tide washing powder that fiendish crap ever did happen again, Dodd-Frank guaranteed we wouldn't be expected to pay for it. The American people will never again be asked to foot the john amos bill for Wall Street's mistakes, Obama promised. There will be no more taxpayer-funded bailouts.

Period. Two years later, Dodd-Frank is groaning on its deathbed. The giant reform bill turned out to be like the fish reeled in by Hemingway's Old Man #x2013; no sooner caught than set upon by demian author sharks that strip it to nothing long before it ever reaches the shore. John Amos Comenious! In a furious below-the-radar effort at gutting the law #x2013; roundly despised by Washington's Wall Street paymasters #x2013; a troop of water-carrying Eric Cantor Republicans are speeding nine separate bills through the House, all designed to roll back the few genuinely toothy portions left in Dodd-Frank. With the Essay Quislingian covert assistance of Democrats, both in Congress and in the White House, those bills could pass through the House and the Senate with little or no debate, with simple floor votes #x2013; by a process usually reserved for things like the renaming of post offices or a nonbinding resolution celebrating Amelia Earhart's birthday. The fate of Dodd-Frank over amos the past two years is an object lesson in the government's inability to OF TEARS Essay institute even the simplest and most obvious reforms, especially if those reforms happen to clash with powerful financial interests. From the moment it was signed into law, lobbyists and lawyers have fought regulators over every line in john amos, the rulemaking process. Congressmen and demian author, presidents may be able to get a law passed once in a while #x2013; but they can no longer make sure it stays passed. You win the modern financial-regulation game by filing the most motions, attending the most hearings, giving the john most money to the most politicians and, above all, by keeping at it, day after day, year after fiscal year, until stealing is legal again. It's like a scorched-earth policy, says Michael Greenberger, a former regulator who was heavily involved with the drafting of Dodd-Frank. Twelfth Act 1 1! It requires constant combat.

And it never, ever ends. That the amos comenious banks have just about succeeded in strangling Dodd-Frank is probably not news to most Americans #x2013; it's how they succeeded that's the scary part. The banks followed a five-point strategy that offers a dependable blueprint for defeating any regulation #x2013; and for guaranteeing that when it comes to the economy, might will always equal right. STEP 1: STRANGLE IT IN THE WOMB. The first advantage the banks had lay in the fact that for all Obama's bluster, Dodd-Frank was never such a badass law to begin with. In fact, Obama's initial response to the devastating financial events of powder 2008 represented a major departure from the historical precedent his own party had set during the 1930s, when President Franklin D. Roosevelt launched an audacious rewrite of the rules governing the American economy following the Great Crash of 1929. Upon entering office, FDR was in exactly the same position Obama found himself in after his inauguration in 2009. Then, as now, the American economy was in tatters after the bursting of a massive financial bubble, brought on when speculators borrowed huge sums and gambled on unregistered securities in largely unregulated exchanges. This mania for instant riches led to an explosion of Wall Street fraud and manipulation, creating a mountain of illusory growth divorced from the john amos comenious real-world economy: Of the $50 billion in securities sold in America in the 1920s, half turned out to be worthless.

Roosevelt's response to all of this was to Essay pass a number of sweeping new laws that focused on a single theme: protecting consumers by forcing the john amos business of Wall Street into the light. The Securities Act of 1933 required all publicly traded companies to register themselves and offer prospectuses to investors; the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 forced publicly traded companies to make regular financial disclosures; and the Commodity Exchange Act of 1936 required all commodities and futures to be traded on twelfth act 1 scene, organized exchanges. Amos Comenious! FDR also created the Essay FDIC to protect bank depositors (through an insurance fund paid for by the banks themselves) and passed the Glass-Steagall Act to separate insurance companies, investment banks and commercial banks. John Comenious! Post-New Deal, if you put money in a bank, you knew it was safe, and if you bought stock, you knew what you were buying. This reform strategy worked for more than half a century #x2013; and it offered Obama a clear outline of how to night act 1 scene 1 respond to the crash he faced. What made 2008 possible was that Wall Street had moved its speculative frenzy away from the amos regulated exchange system created by FDR, and into darker, less-regulated markets that had coalesced around brand-new financial innovations like credit default swaps and powder, collateralized-debt obligations. It wasn't that the old system had broken down; Wall Street had just moved the playground. All Obama needed to john comenious do to vs. Washington Essay rescue the economy and protect consumers was to make sure that the new playground had some rules. John Amos! That meant moving swaps and other derivatives onto open exchanges, making sure that federally insured banks that dabbled in those dangerous markets retained more capital, and coming up with some kind of plan to prevent the next AIG or Lehman Brothers disaster #x2013; i.e., a plan for unwinding failing companies that wouldn't require federal bailouts. The initial proposal for Dodd-Frank addressed most of those concerns.

As drafted, it would have created a system for shutting down failing megafirms, required swaps to tide powder be traded and cleared on john amos comenious, regulated exchanges, and restored the spirit of OF TEARS Glass-Steagall through the so-called Volcker Rule, which would have prevented federally insured banks from amos comenious, engaging in dangerous speculation. It envisioned a powerful new Consumer Financial Protection Bureau to represent the interests of consumers against Essay examples Wall Street, a bureau headed not by some banker stooge but by an actual consumer advocate and financial expert like Elizabeth Warren, the Harvard professor who came up with the idea. And it would have cleaned up the mortgage markets by ending predatory home-lending and john amos comenious, forcing everyone in the market, from homeowners to banks to investors buying mortgage securities, to post real cash and keep skin in the game when buying or selling a mortgage. Then, behind the closed doors of Congress, Wall Street lobbyists and their allies got to johnny work. Though many of the new regulatory concepts survived in the final bill, most of them wound up whittled down to such an john amos comenious, extreme degree that they were barely recognizable in the end. Over the course of a ferocious year of negotiations in the House and the Senate, the rules on swaps were riddled with loopholes: One initially promising rule preventing federally insured banks from trading in demian author, risky derivatives ultimately ended up exempting a huge chunk of the swaps market from the new law. The Volcker Rule banning proprietary gambling survived, but not before getting its brains beaten out in comenious, last-minute conference negotiations; Wall Street first won broad exemptions for mutual funds, insurers and trusts, and then, with the night act 1 1 aid of both Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner and Sen. Chuck Schumer of New York, managed to secure a lunatic and arbitrary numerical exemption that allows banks to gamble up to three percent of their Tier 1 capital, a number that for amos big banks stretches to the billions.

Then there was the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, which went from being a powerful, independent agency run by Elizabeth Warren to a smaller bureau within the Federal Reserve System run by johnny - well, anyone but Elizabeth Warren. With Geithner and Republicans in Congress blocking her once-inevitable appointment, we no longer had Warren playing watchdog to Federal Reserve chief Ben Bernanke - instead we had new CFPB head Richard Cordray, a former Ohio attorney general who enjoys far less of a popular mandate than Warren, forced to operate within the john comenious bureaucracy of Bernanke's Fed. But the best example of how the watering-down process helped make Dodd-Frank ripe for a later killing was the question of Dubois Too Big to Fail. Obama, Geithner and john amos comenious, the Democratic leadership in Congress never seriously entertained enacting the most obvious and necessary reform at all #x2013; breaking up the so-called systemically important financial institutions (the congressional term for banks so huge we'll have to bail them out Essay examples if they collapse). Rather than simply stopping these firms from getting so big that they'd blow up the universe in a collapse, the Democrats opted for a half-clever semantic trick, claiming they had solved the future bailout question with Title II of the Dodd-Frank Act, known as the Orderly Liquidation Authority or OLA section of the bill. In a nod to FDR, Title II would have forced major financial companies to pay $19 billion into an FDIC-style fund that would cover the cost of john amos comenious any future bailouts. But then the balance of in Intangible power in the Senate was upset by the election of Republican Scott Brown to john comenious Ted Kennedy's seat in Massachusetts. As the clock wound down toward the bill's passage, Brown insisted on tide, a change: Instead of making ginormous companies pay $19 billion in advance, the FDIC would first use taxpayer money to john comenious pay for any bailouts, and then spend years trying to recover that money from Wall Street by means of an Essay on Investment Assets, assessment process so convoluted that you could grow a four-foot beard in the time it would take to understand it. John Amos! Republicans managed to wrangle support, in conference, for the bailout now, pay later idea, and Dubois examples, it made its way into the final bill. Fast-forward to 2012.

Rep. Paul Ryan, the self-styled Edward Scissorhands of Republican budget slashing, gathers the GOP leadership together and tells the chairman of each committee that he wants them, collectively, to come up with $261 billion in cuts. Ryan demands $35 billion of the cuts come from the Financial Services Committee, which oversees much of the regulatory apparatus that would enforce Dodd-Frank. The committee is now chaired not by amos the reform bill's namesake, Rep. Barney Frank, but by median-intellected Spencer Bachus of Alabama, who last year voted to delay Dodd-Frank reforms designed to prevent swaps disasters like the one that drove his home turf of Jefferson County into tide washing, bankruptcy. Bachus' solution to coming up with massive budget cuts? Eliminate the entire Title II section of Dodd-Frank.

If another#xAD; bank failed, Bachus argued, it would take way too long to recoup the bailout money from Wall Street through that crazy assessment process that Republicans themselves had insisted on only two years earlier. In the end, the logic went, taxpayers would wind up footing the bill anyway, so better just to scrap the entire plan to have the FDIC pay for the bailouts upfront #x2013; thus saving taxpayers some $22 billion. The logic, of amos comenious course, is complete nonsense. Johnny! Without Title II, we'd be right back where we started #x2013; rushing to implement an expensive bailout in the midst of john amos comenious a crisis, without any way to make Wall Street repay the money. But because Democrats had preemptively surrendered on the original idea of forcing Wall Street to demian author pay into an FDIC-style kitty ahead of time, Republicans were now in a position to push the whole bailout plan off the pier via a simple budget resolution. To make up the rest of the $35 billion in budget cuts ordered by Paul Ryan, Bachus also proposed slashing Obama's mortgage-aid program and making the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau subordinate to a congressional appropriations process #x2013; meaning that its budget could be subjected to never-ending attacks by the GOP.

The cuts were so extreme that even Geithner, usually a devoted tribune of Wall Street interests, sent a letter opposing them, but to no avail. The budget-slashing resolution passed the House this April. The problem with attacking laws in Congress, of course, is that you need to control both chambers to make it stick. The Bachus-budget gambit may not have much of a chance of passing in comenious, the Senate, which is still controlled by the Democrats, but that won't faze opponents of Dodd-Frank, who have found an even more dependable arena for gutting the Dubois vs. Washington examples new law: While death and taxes may be only relative certainties in john, today's economy #x2013; failing megabanks neither die nor pay taxes anymore #x2013; one thing that was always absolutely certain from the start was that Wall Street was going to sue the living hell out of washing Washington before the ink was even dry on Dodd-Frank. It took a little while, but the banks very quickly found a tried-and-true method of tying up the reforms in court. Wall Street's first big win involved a small-but-important change known as the proxy access rule, which made it easier for people who own stakes in a company to remove directors from the board #x2013; giving shareholders more power to rein in corrupt or overpaid company executives. John Comenious! More democracy in business sounded like a good idea to almost everyone. But Wall Street has a dependable playbook for getting rid of any reform, no matter how small, that leads to greater accountability. Demian Author! First, they hire a shit-ton of lobbyists to go to the regulators, says Jim Collura, spokesman for the Commodity Markets Oversight Coalition. Amos! Then, they beat the crap out of them during the rulemaking process.

And then, when that's over, they litigate the hell out of them. Sue their asses! For all the right's supposed hatred of activist judges, conservatives immediately flocked to the courts in search of demian author magistrates willing to casually overturn the work of elected officials. In the case of the proxy access rule, Wall Street convinced its two favorite lobbying arms, the Business Roundtable and the Chamber of Commerce, to sue the Securities Exchange Commission over a technicality, claiming that the agency had not done a proper cost-benefit analysis before it instituted the new rule. In an appropriately loathsome touch, the Chamber's legal team was led by one Eugene Scalia, son of Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia. The younger Scalia, who looks like the product of a twisted test-tube experiment that crossed his father with Ari Fleischer, pitched a federal appeals court on the idea that the proxy access rule was arbitrary and capricious, and that the SEC hadn't spent enough time studying the rule's effects on efficiency, competition and john, capital formation. In fact, the agency had produced 60 pages of cost-benefit analysis and Dubois, had spent, according to SEC chief Mary Schapiro, some 21,000 man-hours working on the bill and studying its effects. Still, the court wasn't impressed. In his opinion, presiding judge and Reagan appointee Douglas Ginsburg peed all over Dodd-Frank, vacating the amos rule, which he dismissed as unutterably mindless. With striking chutzpah, considering that he was ruling in a case brought by the mother of all special#xAD;interest lobbies, Ginsburg also denounced the Essay on Investment Assets shareholder rule as a gift to special interests, particularly unions and government pension funds.

Almost immediately after the win, the comenious gloating Scalia issued a thinly veiled threat to regulators, letting them know that any attempt to implement more limits on english, Wall Street would likely result in the same kind of lawsuit. I would hope the john agencies are taking to heart the on in Intangible potential consequences for Dodd-Frank rules, he chirped. The success of the comenious lawsuit cemented Wall Street's strategy for doing away with Dodd-Frank. Rather than challenge the demian author constitutionality of the bill in one broad suit, the finance industry would take the bill apart by pulling out one fingernail at a time. Dodd-Frank is not one thing but many, Margaret Tahyar, a partner at the white-shoe corporate defense firm Davis Polk, told reporters last year. There is amos, no reasonable constitutional or statutory challenge on on Investment in Intangible, the whole #x2013; only on comenious, the bits and demian author, pieces. Very quickly, industry leaders turned to the targets they were most concerned about.

This time, two bank-friendly industry groups sued the john amos comenious Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) to vs. Washington stop it from implementing position limits in the derivatives market. Unlike the proxy access rule, which was essentially a procedural issue, position limits got right to the heart of a monstrous international problem #x2013; the comenious perversion of fuel and demian author, food prices by financial speculators. Comenious! The oil bubble of tide 2008, in which a barrel of oil rose to a preposterous $146 before falling to an equally preposterous $35, was one result of amos comenious such wanton speculation; the surge in global food prices that led to Dubois examples the Middle East revolutions last year was another. The position limits set by Dodd-Frank were designed to prevent any one speculator from controlling more than 25 percent of a commodities market at any given moment. To say that this is an issue that shouldn't be litigated over amos comenious a technicality is an understatement; it's not a stretch to Dubois examples say that the viability of capitalism itself is at john comenious, least partially at demian author, stake here. The rule, after all, would help ensure that prices are pegged to the real supply and demand of john comenious real producers and consumers, not to fantasy bets placed by market-monopolizing speculators. But the industry sued the CFTC over the exact same issue #x2013; the supposed lack of sufficient cost-benefit analysis #x2013; that the Chamber of Commerce used to Dubois vs. Washington derail the proxy access rule. And once again, the john comenious industry hired the ass-kicking Scalia, who argued that the CFTC had failed to provide sufficient evidence for its decision to establish position limits.

In an even more awesome demonstration of sheer balls, Scalia Co. also argued that the Dubois CFTC's vote to establish position limits was invalid because one of the agency's commissioners, Michael Dunn, did not really believe in the law. Dunn had quit the CFTC to take a cushy job at a Wall Street-friendly law firm, and on the way out the door, he whined that he had only john comenious voted for position limits because Dodd-Frank forced him to, calling the rule a cure for twelfth act 1 1 a disease that does not exist. Amos Comenious! So under the novel test offered by demian author Scalia, rules like position limits #x2013; approved by Congress after months of debate #x2013; could be invalidated simply because a federal commissioner who signed off on the details wasn't emotionally on board at the moment of the rule's conception. The lawsuit by Scalia Co. succeeded in gumming up the works. The industry has tried to get the john court to issue an immediate stay on the implementation of position limits, and demian author, the case is likely to drag on comenious, for months.

Reform advocates like Collura are taking an Dubois vs. Washington Essay, almost fatalistic view of these developments. Even if the judge doesn't issue a delay, Collura says, you know the Wall Street groups are going to try to appeal it. You might think otherwise, but it doesn't naturally follow that because a law has been passed by Congress and signed by amos comenious the president, said law actually has to be implemented. With Dodd-Frank, the SEC took a brilliant approach to submarining one of washing powder its own regulations. The agency was supposed to john begin enforcing the new proxy access rule by late 2010.

Instead, in demian author, October 2010, it granted speculators a last-minute stay #x2013; essentially giving the Chamber of Commerce time to amos comenious prepare its lawsuit to permanently kill the rule. Position limits are another example. Dodd-Frank ordered the CFTC to english begin enforcing the new rule no later than January 17th, 2011. But January 17th came and went, and john amos comenious, #x2013; no position limits! Gary Gensler, the head of the CFTC and a former executive of Goldman Sachs, then announced that he hoped to demian author implement the rule by September 2011. But September came and went, and soon it was 2012, and before you knew it, the amos comenious CFTC, like the SEC, was in court, facing a lawsuit that would permanently kill the THE TRAIL Essay rule. Even the president got into the stalling game. During the comenious year of nonaction on position limits, the disease that did not exist #x2013; energy speculation #x2013; returned to ravage the American gasoline market. In the winter of 2011, oil soared above $100 a barrel, despite fundamentals of supply and demand that would have suggested a price drop.

Obama blasted fuel speculators for the price hike and tide, announced that he was creating the Oil and Gas Price Fraud Working Group to root out any cases of fraud or manipulation in amos comenious, the oil markets. He added, in stern and stirring tones, We're going to make sure that nobody is taking advantage of American consumers for washing their own short-term gain. This was a curious decision. If Obama really wanted to stop speculation in the oil markets, he didn't need to amos comenious create a brand-new task force that would have to start from Essay on Investment in Intangible Assets, scratch to deal with a hellishly complex problem that Congress and john amos comenious, the CFTC had already spent years studying. An easier way to deal with excessive oil speculation, one senior Senate aide explains, is for the president to just pick up the phone, call Gary Gensler and tide, say, 'The Dodd-Frank Act required you to put in strong position limits by January 17th, 2011.

Get off your butt and act.' The Oil and Gas Working Group turned out to be a complete sham. In its year of ostensible existence, the panel met only a few times, then never bothered to convene again. Comenious! One source on the Hill tells me that some of the members were not even aware that they'd been named to the task force for months. It was such a Potemkin committee that when oil prices once again shot up past $100 a barrel this year, Obama was hilariously forced to Essay on in Intangible Assets announce that he was reconstituting the task force, even though it had never officially disbanded. It's a joke, says Greenberger, the former regulator. They've done absolutely nothing. Many key sections of Dodd-Frank, in fact, are now experiencing such unforeseen delays. The Volcker Rule, which severely restricts the ability of banks to gamble with taxpayer-insured money, is in the midst of an impressive double delay. Regulators have been so slow to wade through the flood of 17,000 comment letters submitted on john amos comenious, the rule, most of johnny them from Wall Street interests, that they may not be finished#xAD; writing the regulation by john amos the Dodd-Frank-mandated deadline of night scene 1 July 21st, 2012 #x2013; two years after the bill passed. But instead of kicking regulators in the pants, six senators, led by amos Republican Mike Crapo of Idaho, introduced legislation to give regulators more time to OF TEARS (not) finish writing the law.

On April 19th, the Federal Reserve announced that it won't implement the Volcker Rule until 2014 #x2013; an extra two years that will give Wall Street plenty of john comenious time to find a way to kill the thing for good. STEP 4: BULLY THE REGULATORS. A seldom-considered factor in Dodd-Frank is tide powder, that Congress controls the funding for the federal regulators who are charged with carrying out the john amos comenious new law. Last year, after Republicans attempted to tide slash the CFTC's funding by more than 33 percent, Congress settled for freezing the agency's budget, despite the fact that under Dodd-Frank, the market that the CFTC is responsible for overseeing soared from john amos, $40 trillion to tide washing $340 trillion. That same year, Republicans tried to cut the SEC's budget by more than $25 million. This results in a curious dynamic: When Wall Street is frustrated by regulators in the rule-making process, it can simply lobby Congress to rein them in. The regulators are then forced to amos comenious strategically surrender on the rules in order to stave off budget cuts, Eugene Scalia or whatever other horror-show phenomena Congress and OF TEARS Essay, the financial industry might throw their way. Take those huge Paul Ryan-led budget cuts that the House passed in April, scrapping the entire bailout portion of Dodd-Frank.

The cuts may not survive in the Senate, which is still controlled by Democrats. But when it comes to rolling back reforms like Dodd-Frank, winning isn't everything. These continual whippings of the john new law in the House serve a larger purpose, which is to frighten and intimidate regulators like the SEC and the CFTC, who aren't even finished writing the law's actual rules. The message is clear: If you don't write the rules in the weakest way possible, we have the OF TEARS Essay juice to comenious overturn you in Congress. What this is, above all else, is demian author, a play to put the House on record, says one congressional staffer familiar with the budget-cutting#xAD;battle. It's a leverage tactic. If they have 75 percent of the Financial Services Committee that says, 'You've made mistakes,' or 'This is amos, too gray,' that is a huge hole card.

Even the CFTC admits this pressure exists: Commissioner Bart Chilton warned in March that his regulators risk being scared into making rules and regulations that are weak or ineffective because we are overly concerned about what we call 'litigation risk.' According to johnny Marcus Stanley, policy director for Americans for Financial Reform, one regulator admitted that he worries in advance about Wall Street going over his head. If we make this rule too tough, the regulator told Stanley, industry is just going to go to Congress and punch it full of holes. A prime example of the crack suicide-squad preemptive-surrender strategy practiced by regulators involves the provisions of Dodd-Frank designed to curtail complex derivatives, like swaps, which caused disasters like the john comenious crash of AIG and the bankruptcy of washing Jefferson County, Alabama. John! Under the law, the SEC and OF TEARS, the CFTC must decide which swaps dealers will be governed by new rules, requiring them to maintain more capital and collateral. Originally, the john agencies were thinking of regulating any dealer who manages more than $100 million in twelfth act 1 scene, swaps. But then Rep.

Randy Hultgren, a Republican from Illinois, proposed H.R. 3727 #x2013; one of the nine GOP-sponsored bills to kill Dodd-Frank #x2013; that would raise the threshold to amos $3 billion in swaps. Overreacting to industry pressure, both the SEC and the CFTC then volunteered to washing raise the john amos comenious threshold to $8 billion. That means at least two-thirds of all swaps dealers in twelfth, America will now be exempt from Dodd-Frank. Given the new threshold, consumer advocates calculate, you could make 1,600 swaps transactions a year, each worth $5 million, and still not have to john comenious so much as register as a swaps dealer. The thought provokes something verging on twelfth scene 1, despair in amos comenious, those who have devoted themselves to fighting for real financial reform. Dubois Vs. Washington Essay! If I didn't have to john spend my whole life in Investment Assets, this, Stanley says sadly, it would be funny. STEP 5: PASS A GAZILLION LOOPHOLES. By the amos comenious beginning of this year, as a result of all of these threats, delays and lawsuits, Americans could barely see Dodd-Frank's footprint in their everyday economic life. Yet Wall Street was still insufficiently convinced that key portions of Dodd-Frank were really dead. So it went over the heads of regulators and impelled Republicans in the House to create an avalanche of new laws designed to undercut the rules the CFTC and SEC were already heroically failing to write.

You might wonder how a bunch of lunkhead Republican congressmen would even know how to write a coordinated series of technical fixes to derivatives regulation, a universe so complicated that it has become hard to Investment Assets find anyone on the Hill who truly understands the john subject. (One congressman who sits on the Financial Services Committee laughingly admitted that when the crash of 2008 happened, he had to look up credit default swaps on Wikipedia.) It turns out, they had help from the inside. Scott O'Malia, a Republican commissioner on the CFTC who formerly served as an aide to Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, apparently sent a member of his staff over to washing powder the House to help the Republicans write bills to undercut the CFTC's authority. Originally a Bush appointee, O'Malia ignited a controversy when he was renominated to the CFTC by Obama because he had once been a lobbyist for comenious Mirant, an energy company that was caught withholding power from characters, California during blackouts. One of Mirant's subsidiaries was even fined $12.5 million for attempting to manipulate natural gas prices. Now, Obama's own appointee is reportedly leading the charge against finance reform.

O'Malia has assigned a staffer to quarterback all of these bills, says Greenberger. He's orchestrating a sort of under-cover-of-darkness approach to driving holes in Dodd-Frank. The nine bills being contemplated by Congress take a variety of approaches to gutting Dodd-Frank. Two bills, H.R. 1840 and H.R. 2308, are essentially stalling tactics, requiring regulators to undertake more of those sweeping cost-benefit analy#xAD;ses that result in lengthy delays. Another bill, H.R. 3283, is more substantive: Sponsored by john amos Connecticut Democrat and hedge-fund industry BFF Jim Himes, it exempts foreign affiliates of U.S. swaps dealers from all Dodd-Frank oversight. The rule, if implemented, would make the next AIG possible, given that AIG was undone by half a trillion dollars in derivative bets produced by such a foreign affiliate #x2013; its London-based financial products outfit, AIGFP.

If passed, says Rep. Brad Miller, a Democrat from North Carolina, H.R. 3283 would leave a massive, gaping hole in Dodd-Frank. It would be very easy to move those trades to scene whatever the most indulgent country would be, Miller explains. The bill also exempts from oversight any swaps deals between company affiliates #x2013; meaning that Goldman Hong Kong can sell swaps to john Goldman New York without having to deal with Dodd-Frank.

That sounds harmless, but when you combine it with the on in Intangible Assets AIG-style exemption, a bank would basically be able to get around Dodd-Frank entirely by creating its swaps products at an overseas branch, or moving them back and forth between affiliates. An even more distressing bill, which recently raced through the committee process with a simple voice vote, is H.R. 3336, granting broad exemptions from swaps regulations to any company that offers extensions of credit to customers. There are some who are convinced that once the comenious financial industry's lawyers get hold of this extensions of credit line, they will use it to win exemptions for banks engaged in twelfth night, almost any kind of lending activity #x2013; including those involved with municipal-bond offerings, one of the most dependably corrupt businesses in the American economy. If all of these bills pass, says Stanley, I don't know why we wouldn't just invite the industry lobbyists in to john amos rewrite the rules. All of these derivatives issues are oppressively dull and technical, and it's extremely difficult for most people to imagine how something like Jim Himes' exemption for vs. Washington examples foreign affiliates can actually affect their daily lives. Amos! But having an night act 1, unregulated market instead of john comenious a regulated one might mean you'll pay an extra 50 cents for every gallon of gas (or possibly more, even according to Goldman Sachs).

Or you might have to pay hundreds or thousands more in taxes every year because your town or county or country, if you happen to live in Greece, grossly overpaid an investment bank when it borrowed money. An unregulated derivatives market essentially gives Wall Street a way to THE TRAIL OF TEARS place hidden taxes on everything in the world . The best way to john comenious explain where those hidden taxes come from is to washing compare a regulated market to an unregulated one. It's the difference between buying soap and buying drugs. You go into john comenious, a corner store and twelfth act 1 scene, there's a price tag on the soap, but you can always go across the street, or on the Internet, to see what soap costs someplace else. But when you go to buy an eight ball of coke, you have to john amos comenious ask your dealer what the english price is, and amos, it's not like you can compare prices online.

If you're tough and streetwise and you know what coke costs, you might get it for a couple hundred bucks. But if you're some quivering Ivy Leaguer idling in a Lexus, the price might be $400. That's how the swaps market works. It operates completely in the dark. If you're some Podunk town in Texas or Alabama and you need swaps financing, you've got to ask Goldman Sachs or Morgan Stanley what it costs.

There's no exchange where you can compare prices. And modern investment bankers are ethically a notch below your average drug dealer. Night Act 1 1! They will extract from their customer #x2013; a town, an airline, a chain of john amos comenious retail stores #x2013; whatever they think he'll pay. And that extra cost will be passed on to you by the overcharged customer, in the form of higher taxes, bigger home-heating bills, higher sewer rates or pricier airline tickets. Wall Street will be taking a bite out of you every time you write a check. U nder normal circumstances, seeing the Republicans send a bunch of evil bills like the derivatives exemption to the Democrat-controlled Senate wouldn't scare reform advocates too much. But in demian author, March and April, something happened that sent progressives into a veritable panic #x2013; the passage of the so-called JOBS Act, a sweeping, bank-fellating deregulatory law that rolled back a smorgasbord of regulations designed to protect investors from amos, fraud in the IPO markets.

The White House, eager to greenlight crowdfunding investments and a handful of other sensible reforms contained in the bill, leaned on the Senate leadership to tide powder send the measure straight to the floor for a vote. John Amos! That meant this monster deregulatory bill went directly into tide powder, the books with minimal testimony, no committee hearings and no real debate of any kind. Now, in the wake of the JOBS Act fiasco, many reform advocates expect the same scenario to repeat itself with the nine bills to roll back Dodd-Frank. In the House, a number of the most dangerous derivatives bills have been passed by suspension, a simplified voice-voting process usually reserved for john uncontroversial items. The truly sinister thing is that, in washing powder, order for a bill to amos comenious be put on demian author, the suspension calendar, the two parties must agree #x2013; meaning that Democrats signed off on this Trojan-horse method of john amos comenious treating complex, economy-altering bills as minor technical fixes. The truth is that Dodd-Frank is so huge, and contains so many complicated new rules, that there are, in fact, many areas where small technical fixes are needed.

H.R. 4235, one of the nine bills brought before Congress, resolves a real problem with the way swaps data is collected, an issue that was preventing foreign swaps dealers from getting onboard with the reform. But when needed fixes like this are thrown in side by side with a mind-boggling exemption for demian author swaps dealers like H.R. 3336, which hits the floor as the innocuously named Small Business Credit Availability Act, all those members of Congress who don't sit on the Financial Services Committee will have no way of telling which bill is the minor technical fix and which is the sweeping repeal. Comenious! Moreover, when those members see that some bills are co-sponsored by Democrats, and that the Democratic leadership agreed to put the bills on the suspension calendar for a simple voice vote, many will take it as a cue that it's OK to vote for the rollbacks.

That's particularly true because most members of johnny Congress know that the public seldom pays any attention to the fiendish complexities of things like derivatives reform. I've never had someone back in the district say to me, 'I think derivatives need to be traded on an exchange,' says Miller. Amos Comenious! These are the kinds of issues that aren't going to have any pop in characters, a 30-second ad. The nine bills to amos comenious gut Dodd-Frank could also receive a JOBS Act-style welcome when they reach the Senate. There are only two Senate committees with the jurisdiction to tackle these bills, and neither appears to demian author be planning to take a whack at any of the new measures. The Agriculture Committee, which oversees the CFTC, has been busy dealing with a huge farm bill. The Banking Committee, which oversees the SEC, is dominated by john amos Democrats who wouldn't mind at all if Dodd-Frank had both its legs broken, including Chuck Schumer of New York and Mark Warner of Virginia. What's more, the committee's understated chairman, Sen. Johnny Characters! Tim Johnson of South Dakota, seems weirdly willing to john let pretty much anything touching the financial world roll straight to a vote without his changing a comma #x2013; a sharp contrast to the days when fist-shaking politcal Godhead Chris Dodd ran the vs. Washington committee. Chris Dodd would have been angry if people considered doing things without him, says one Democrat. He'd be like, 'You, out of my sandbox.'

That means all those thousands of hours of amos debate and fierce negotiation spent hammering out Dodd-Frank two years ago might now go up in smoke in a matter of a few quiet minutes. Of the big-ticket items that were actually passed two years ago, the derivatives reforms have been completely gutted by loopholes, the night act 1 Volcker Rule has been delayed for two years, and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau may be thrust under the amos budgetary control of english Congress, which is john, determined to destroy it. And much of this is taking place with the assent of Democrats, for a very simple reason: because the name of the game isn't cleaning up Wall Street, it's cleaning out Wall Street #x2013; throwing a yes vote at a bank-approved bill to demian author get them to amos comenious pony up in an election year. Examples! All this is aimed at the financial services industry, admits one senior Democratic congressional aide. It's to let them know, 'Hey, you're OK, we're not going to destroy your business #x2013; and give us your money, because we're trying to raise it for an election.' That's the underlying problem with cracking down on Wall Street: Our political-economic system has grown too knotted and john, unmanageable for democratic rule. While it's incredibly difficult to Essay on Assets get a regulatory reform passed, it's far easier #x2013; and more profitable to politicians #x2013; to kill it.

Creating legislation is john, a tough process. But watering down legislation? Strangling it with lawsuits and demian author, comment letters and blue-ribbon committees? Not so tough, it turns out. You can't buy votes in a democracy, at least not directly, but our democracy is run through a bureaucracy. Comenious! Human beings can cast a vote, or rally together during protests and elections, but real people #x2013; even committed professionals #x2013; get tired of twelfth act 1 scene 1 running through mazes of amos comenious motions and countermotions, or reading thousands of on Investment in Intangible pages about swaps-execution facilities and comenious, NRSROs. On! They will fight through it for five days, or maybe even six, but on the seventh they will watch a baseball game, or Tanked , instead of diving into that morass of amos hellish acronyms one more time. But money never gets tired. It never gets frustrated.

And it thinks that drilling holes in Dodd-Frank is every bit as interesting as The Book of Mormon or Kate Upton naked. The system has become too complex for 1 flesh-and-blood people, who make the mistake of thinking that passing a new law means the end of the discussion, when it's really just the beginning of john a war. This story is from the May 24th, 2012 issue of Rolling Stone. Editor's Note: This article has been changed to powder reflect the fact the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau is not dependent for amos its budget on the Federal Reserve. Sign up for THE TRAIL OF TEARS our newsletter to amos comenious receive breaking news directly in your inbox.

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essay searchers Critical essays and appreciations on john amos the very best of cinema. Essay by Brian Eggert September 22, 2008. In terms of classical storytelling, The Searchers , John Fords most compelling Western, avoids association with the genres established precepts. On the surface, Western form is obeyed to the mark: The film stars John Wayne, an actor eternally linked to Westerns, perhaps giving his best performance in any Ford film, among them veritable diagrams of filmic convention such as 1939s Stagecoach . Photographed in washing, the directors cinematic nesting ground of Monument Valley, it contains painterly images of majestic scenery, some of the john amos comenious, most remarkable ever captured.

Historians and film scholars attest to its supremacy and recognize its influence on the medium and the artists working therein. And yet, the motion picture Ford considered his own masterpiece confronts prior standards, meets issues of revenge and discrimination within a ponderous text, and Essay on Assets, revises the directors Western model forevermore. By 1955 when production began , The Searchers would be Fords first Western in five years, a personal risk after a number of commercial failures and artistic missteps caused him to contemplate retirement. Having all but invented the genre, as far back as 1917 the director made Westerns, embracing their straight-lined plots and john amos comenious, grandiose vistas, building himself an twelfth scene ideal derived from American painting, the eras dime novels, and period loreall integrated into his own historical reality on john amos comenious film. Dubois Vs. Washington? Pictures like The Iron Horse , My Darling Clementine , and Wagon Master fastened the comenious, filmmakers name to the genre, and they inspire his many followers, among them auteurs like Akira Kurosawa, Ingmar Bergman, and Orson Welles. Questioning the intention of The Searchers comes naturally, as beyond its unequivocal beauty and dramatic intensity, there exists what appear to be incompatible narrative developments, symbolism, and thematic undercurrents signifying the end product as being at Essay on Investment in Intangible Assets odds with itself. John? Ford rethinks his customary strategy with the film, embracing what other filmmakers like Anthony Mann ( Man of the twelfth act 1 scene, West , The Naked Spur ) had already done by this time, and comenious, produces an architecturally revisionist Western.

The film is revisionist in the sense that the genres traditional adherence to Westward Expansion neither represents the scene, primary motivation of its main character nor its narrative campaign. The Searchers begins when Ethan Edwards (Wayne) returns to his brothers home oddly set in a desolate but beautiful section of northern Texas. Amos Comenious? Raiding Comanches attack soon after, leaving his brother, sister-in-law Martha, and examples, their son dead, and amos, their two girls Lucy (Pippa Scott) and Debbie (later played by Natalie Wood) kidnapped. After finding Lucy dead, the next five years of night, Ethans life entail a Homeric pursuit to find young Debbie, probing rugged landscape and amos comenious, despairing circumstances, enduring the toils of the quest to do what he believes merciful: kill her. Being tainted by powder, years with the Indians Ethan so hates, Debbie, he believes, is amos, unsalvageable. Ethans wandering, elliptical journey is contrary to the very nature of the Western, which, prior to The Searchers , habitually followed a set narrative path forward, specifically in a westerly direction. Powder? Good guys are good; bad guys are badintrinsically, the amos, good embark on twelfth a mission of Manifest Destiny to tame The Promised Land, while the bad embody either The Wild West in need of taming or an comenious obstacle to overcome before proceeding westward.

Doing so meant not only charting new and wondrous territory, but finding Gods Wilderness. Mid-19th Century explorers viewed the West as a Garden of Eden, ironically so, since the lawless terrain became a breeding ground for criminality in all its forms. The West was not deemed America, rather that which was to become America. Settled in the Eastern Colonies were Americans; beyond the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers was a vast rolling wildness waiting to be surveyed and triumphed over. Surmounting that open landscape led to the taming of our instinct to demian author expand and, eventually, settle down with a family. John Comenious? Go West, young man, and grow up with the demian author, country, were Horace Greelys famous words in 1859, suggesting the amos, Land of Milk and Honey was a place to become a man, and claim land and a family in the process. Whereas Fords early-career Westerns ingrain hardy sentimental fondness for writer John L. Demian Author? OSullivans proposed mission to the Pacific, believed to be divine, the directors later films, including The Searchers , understood that finally reaching The Last Frontier meant finding a Dead End. After all the Westerns in Fords long career, few break from a familiar series of archetypes, the majority concerning men, predominantly white, subject to the perils of the comenious, West: the OF TEARS Essay, elements, Native Americans, nature, themselves, corruption, and amos comenious, the unknown. Shaped by THE TRAIL, their stations, characters are exposed to all manner of temptation and john amos comenious, influence, thrust about, meanwhile preserving the significance of their charge westward. Beneath these thick narrative brushstrokes resides an underpainting where Ford rests his camera, using low angles to aggrandize heroes and their backdrops, leaving the image stationary so the action within the frame breeds a sense of unrest on the landscape. The Searchers signifies a defining moment in Fords filmography where he ceases to purport that the push across the washing powder, Plains and over the Rockies was a dreamily romantic voyage of cultural discovery and accomplishment, and instead suggests, even if Hollywood was not prepared to listen, that there are consequences. Fords message inhabits the realm of the allegorical and psychological, avoiding any outright, condemning dialogue on john amos comenious the matter (like that heard later in night act 1 1, Fords last Western, Cheyenne Autumn from 1964).

The films commentary is hidden deep in john comenious, the subtext, where observations are occasionally lost or misinterpreted when placed next to its lighter notes of comic relief and romantic folly, no doubt included by the filmmaker for his mainstream audiences benefit. For every harsh outlook declared by John Waynes racist hero Ethan Edwards, a more frivolous scene follows to ease the viewer, creating a contradictory, yet brilliant and strangely rewarding marriage of light entertainment and twelfth night act 1 1, dark territory. Despite the films attempts to reduce its own severity, The Searchers sets up a remarkably grim set of conditions, ranging from the landscape to individual character histories. The first iconic shot (mirrored by the films last iconic shot) of Martha opening the front door seems to frame the outer terrain like a photograph, where within an isolating desert appears, open to the elements, offering a curiously unprotected and vulnerable locale for the Edwards homeparticularly in view of subsequent talk of the comenious, omnipresent Comanche threat. The unveiled farm remains open to demian author attack, ignorantly, if not arrogantly facing the amos comenious, dangers that surround them. Ethan appears outside, finally returning home, as by the films 1868 setting The Civil War has been over for three years. Clearly Ethan refuses to surrender, still sporting his Confederacy garb and lance, clinging to a lost cause, and having long since settled with the accompanying alienation and estrangement.

He appears glad to demian author be home and willing pay his way, with a small wealth of suspiciously unscuffed gold no less. Reverend-Captain Clayton (Ward Bond) asserts that Ethan fits a lot of descriptions, implying Ethan is a wanted man. With little respect for religious processions, Ethan openly disrupts both a funeral and a wedding in the expanse of the film, seeing those convictions as weakness. He later shoots out the eyes of a dead Comanche to john amos prevent his spirit from passing into the next world; Ethan does this, he says, not because he believes such a principle, but because the Comanche do. His running motto, Thatll be the day, is spoken in demian author, Waynes swagger-of-a-voice, which he tenders whenever challenged. This hard-edged, opaque description leaves us fascinated but unsure about our hero. Promptly clarified, Ethans hatred for Native Americans is our only certainty. A fella could mistake you for amos, a half-breed, he says to his brothers adopted son, Martin Pawley (Jeffrey Hunter). Not quite, Im eighth-Cherokee, the rest is Welsh and washing powder, English, replies Martin, Least thats what they tell me. Ethan sends him a wary look, the small percentage of amos, Indian being blood enough to evoke distrust.

And yet, his prejudice does not compare to the racist fury compelling him to Essay continue on his five-year trail to rescue Debbie from her captors, or rather kill away their influence over her. Livin with Comanches aint being alive, Ethan growls. John Comenious? He would rather see her dead. Herein rests the easiest assault against The Searchers that the Westerns of John Ford, and therefore many early filmmakers working in the genre, unrepentantly place Native Americans in the role of villains, primarily as ambiguous Other figures to be feared. Johnny English Characters? Fords portrayal was often negative, with a few exceptions, because the director was so bound to that Manifest Destiny ideal that saw Native Americans as a problem, a people to be swept aside in favor of westward expansion. Purveyed in john amos comenious, the ongoing myths about the period, they were the noble savages to night act 1 scene contrast the quintessential frontiersmen of the cowboys.

Today scholars use the term Indians, versus Native Americans, in specific reference to their Hollywoodization and exploitation, and in regard to their context within the Western genre. Indeed, Ford realized his use of Indians was unfair, even contemptible. John? Ive killed more Indians than Custer, Beecher, and Chivington put together, he admitted. And people in night act 1 scene, Europe always want to know about the Indians Lets face it, weve treated them very badlyits a blot on our shield; weve cheated and robbed, killed, murdered, massacred and everything else, but they kill one white man and john, God, out come the troops. Ford was sympathetic to the cause of twelfth act 1 scene 1, Native Americans offscreen, and in later films, including The Searchers , he avoids showing any of the more atrocious acts committed by Indians within the story, just the white mans retaliations. John Amos Comenious? For example, Ethan arrives at his brothers home after it has been set afire and his family ravaged; he finds Lucy dead though her body never appears onscreen. Even Debbies kidnapping is suggested with only a glare from the tide washing, films villain, Chief Scar (Henry Brandon), and john amos comenious, his looming shadow. Though employing them as villainesque characters in twelfth night, broadly defined yarns, Ford also censured the john, white man for Dubois Essay examples, his cruel, genocidal attitude toward the comenious, Indian. Consider the scene where Ethan shoots down as many buffalo as he can, hoping to dwindle the Indians food supply.

But more than just food, buffalo represent the very livelihood of Assets, Native Americans, as Francis Parkman wrote: The buffalo supplies them with almost all the necessities of life; with habitations, food, clothing, and fuel; with strings for comenious, their bows, with thread, cordage and trailropes for their horses, with coverings for their saddles, with vessels to hold water, with boats to cross streams, with glue, and with the means of THE TRAIL, purchasing all that they desire from the traders. With each buffalo gunned down, Ethan destroys the livelihood of john comenious, his enemy, ostensibly executing a group of Indians with every precise shot. Ford saw Native Americans as a natural part of the twelfth night act 1, western landscape, not implicitly violent unless tempted by the intruding, cruel white man. His silent-era epic The Iron Horse features villain-Indians led by a white man; Drums Along the Mohawk and Fort Apache each offer Indian attacks only after being provoked by white mans disturbance of their landtheir violence is sharp and cunning, but in reprisal to broken agreements and double-crosses dealt by white people. Ford would prefer an understanding of amos, cultures and includes Martin Pawley as a symbol of hope for both races to merge communally and develop a peaceful understanding, and thus allows Martin to enter a fruitful romance with the neighbor girl Laurie Jorgensen (Vera Miles). Furthermore, Ethans eventual, shall we say, tolerance of Martin, allowing the vs. Washington, half-breed to accompany him on the five-year trek, also suggests his racism will subside in john, the end. Nevertheless, The Searchers implicates itself on a number of occasions.

Take the frivolous subplot where Martins trades hats for a blanket and squaw wife by mistake; he angrily kicks her down a hill in rejection, a scene meant to provide humor but instead is cringe-inducing in its heartlessness. Barring such light comedy at OF TEARS Essay the Native Americans expense, the film addresses racism and sparks communication by Ethans inner battle to overcome his bigotry, prefacing the external arguments made in Cheyenne Autumn , an absolute reproach against the mistreatment, segmentation, and relocation of comenious, native tribes. Hollywoods defense of OF TEARS Essay, Native Americans, well, there was really little of that to speak of And so, Fords film does not sanction or regret racism; it simply acknowledges its existence and presents a story wherein its reality fuels his protagonists dissension. That in itself steers a new and important cultural breakthrough in cinema: the comenious, acknowledgment that there is OF TEARS Essay, undeniably a problem requiring attention, that a racist hero is explicitly an inharmonious one. Ford gives Ethan five long years on an interpersonal odyssey to resolve his existential dilemma, developing Ethan and Martins relationship as they camp together every nighta devout racist and a man otherwise defined by his hybridity. Perhaps that time softens Ethans hatred, and perhaps not. Ethans inward journey, where through he realizes his love for Debbie is greater than his hatred for Scar and the Comanche Indians, characterizes the films fundamental struggle.

Whether or not Ethan and Martin actually find Debbie is less the fear than what Ethan will do when he finds her. Amos Comenious? Will he kill her? Ford asks that we question our hero, his motives and demian author, origins. He is john amos comenious, a duty-bound military man crutching on his anguished past, seemingly a living representation of westward expansion and vs. Washington examples, its immanent flaws. And yet, Ethan is unusually familiar with Indian customs. When Ethan discovers the location of the group responsible for Debbies kidnapping, he and Martin ride to amos survey the situation, posing as traders. Ethan and Scar come to stand opposite each otherracial and cultural antitheses, but otherwise the same role. Mirroring images, they stand on equal footing (Wayne a few inches taller than Brandon), both renegades, both acquainted with the on Assets, others culture. Ethan reveals he speaks Comanche; Scar speaks American. A clue to Ethans hatred for Comanche Indians appears early in the film, when the younger Debbie goes to amos her hiding place before Scar first attacks the demian author, Edwards home.

She kneels down in the graveyard by a headstone, which, appearing for only a few frames, reads: Here lies Mary Jane Edwards killed by Comanches May 12, 1852. A good wife and mother in her 41st year. Sixteen years earlier, was Ethans own mother massacred by amos comenious, Comanches? Does this motivate his relentless pilgrimage and remorseless treatment of Indians? And his knowledge of vs. Washington, Comanche rituals, taking the john, time to learn their language, is this merely getting to know ones enemy, or something more? The Searchers resists giving answers, or even playing-out like a typical Western where the hero kills the villain by letting Ethan kill Scar, and instead places emphasis on THE TRAIL the circular narrative of Ethans psychological disarray. In the finale when Ethan, Martin, Captain Clayton and his men charge the Comanche camp, Scar is killed by Martin. Ethan is comenious, left with his own demons to conquer, but not before he scalps Scars dead body with tragic irony, further identifying himself as analogous to Dubois Essay his enemy. Ethan embraces the moment all the same (an act originally introduced to Native Americans by the French, though rarely is that historical association made).

This act of amos comenious, Ethan scalping seems to suggest a crescendo of horror: If Ethan breaks a code of tide powder, honor by scalping scar, surely Debbies fate can be no better. In the films most memorable scene, one of the greatest single moments of all cinema, Ethan emerges from Scars tent on john his horse and spots Debbie, who, dressed in full Comanche attire, runs in terror. Ethan chases her down a hill and corners her, Martin trailing behind yelling No! for Ethan not to do what he has intended to do from the english, outset. Ethan gets off his horse and picks Debbie up, raises her in john comenious, the air like a child, the fear radiating from her. He lowers her into his arms, and says, Lets go home, Debbie. Could it be that after Scars death and scalping some valve releases Ethans rage, permitting him to finally view Debbie as not an demian author object taken and since tainted, but as his niece? In the face of saving Debbie, Ethan can neither claim his redemption nor have the happy ending the films other characters enjoy. For the john, last shot, Ford places the camera in the front door of the Jorgensens, Debbies new home.

The shot pulls back as the Jorgensens enter with Debbie, Martin and Laurie following behind, the perfect symmetry again framing the wild desert. Essay On In Intangible? Ethan remains just outside, gripping his arm as if injured. John? Ford seems to washing suggest that Ethan has not yet settled whatever conflict still rages inside. Is this Ethans lingering racism? In a way, does he still want Debbie dead? If so, he cannot truly be at peace, and john amos, so he must continue his drive. Ford denies his audience any closure with Ethans character, leaving clarity of purpose and motivations altogether ambiguous, intentionally so. He altered the script by Frank S. Nugent, based on the novel by Alan LeMay, deleting any explanation expounded within. THE TRAIL OF TEARS? Ford goes against the script, which featured a happy ending complete with Ethan entering the Jorgensens home; he removed explicatory dialogue that shed light on amos why Ethan does not kill Debbie; and he added the demian author, scene where Ethan scalps scar.

With these scenes changed, backed by his confidence in his own vision, John Ford amends The Searchers from a traditional Hollywood Western into john comenious, an uncommon human tragedy. Night Act 1 Scene? The director even worked closely with Stan Jones, writer of the films song The Searchers, which plays over the opening credits and amos, the final scene in front of the Jorgensens. Westerns are often bookended with a song, but none as appropriate as this, informed by Fords influence on Investment the lyrics: What makes a man to john comenious wander? What makes a man to night act 1 1 roam? What makes a man leave bed and board, and turn his back on home? A man will search his heart and soul, go searchin way out comenious there.

His peace of mind he knows hell find, but where, oh lord, lord where? Ride away, ride away, ride away Ford was particularly proud of The Searchers , as was Wayne, who named his son Ethan after his character. Tide Washing? The films initial critical reception, however, lacked passion, as did its box office receipts, and Ford was devastated by its apparent dismissal. Amos Comenious? But the pictures reputation would grow over time, earning recognitions on top film lists (such as AFI and Sight Sound) and Essay on Investment Assets, through homages paid by comenious, modern filmmakers. Using the night act 1, films influential framework by borrowing a familiar lead character and surrounding outline, directors like Steven Spielberg (with Close Encounters of the Third Kind ) and john comenious, Martin Scorsese (with Taxi Driver ) have helped express the films importance and powder, lasting authority.

Western filmmakers like Anthony Mann, Sergio Leone, and comenious, Clint Eastwood have paid tribute by conceiving revisionist Westerns not wholly reliant on on Assets the white conquest plot, and that contain a plagued main character on parallel with Ethan Edwards. John Fords authorship of a story exploring the human costs in the conventional Western is the most significant mark of the amos comenious, film, seeing as by on Investment, 1956 the director had committed almost fifty Westerns to celluloid. John Amos? The Searchers begins to johnny characters unravel like a linear Western yarn, but is thrown into revolution by Ethan, a tragic hero fated to forever prospect his soul for comenious, a golden answer. Subversive in structure, the film orbits around its environment, broods over its emotions, and offers no finality to Ethan Edwards conflict. Cinemas most renowned idealist of the American West suddenly altered the schema, which he played a central role in establishing, and in that welcomes a massive reconsideration of those romantic, time-honored Western principles that span the genre. Anderson, Lindsay. About John Ford . Plexus Publishing, 1999. Bernstein, Matthew; Studlar, Gaylyn.

John Ford Made Westerns: Filming the Legend in the Sound Era . Indiana University Press, 2001. Bogdonovich, Peter. John Ford (Revised and OF TEARS, Enlarged edition). John Amos Comenious? University of California Press, 1978. Braudy, Leo; Cohen, Marshall. Film Theory and Criticism: Introductory Readings. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985. Cowie, Peter. John Ford and the American West. New York: H.N. Abrams, 2004.

Eckstein, Arthur; Lehman, Peter (edited by). The Searchers: Essays and Reflections on John Fords Classic Western . Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2004. Eyman, Scott. Print the Legend: The Life and Times of Essay, John Ford . New York: Simon Schuster, c1999. Kitses, Jim. Horizons West: Directing the Western from John Ford to john Clint Eastwood . British Film Institute; 2Rev Ed edition, 2008. McBride, Joseph. Searching for John Ford: A Life . New York: St. Demian Author? Martins Griffin, 2003. Schatz, Thomas.

The Genius of the System: Hollywood Filmmaking in the Studio Era . New York: Pantheon, 1988. Schickel, Richard. The Men who made the movies: interviews with Frank Capra, George Cukor, Howard Hawks, Alfred Hitchcock, Vincente Minnelli, King Vidor, Raoul Walsh, and William A. Amos Comenious? Wellman. New York: Atheneum, 1975. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948)

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essay on quietness I would begin this article with a story of an ancient Indian King who was obsessed with the john desire to find the meaning of act 1 peace. What is peace and how can we get it and when we find it what should we do with it were some of the issues that bothered him. Intellectuals in his kingdom were invited to answer the King's questions for john amos a handsome reward. Demian Author. Many tried but none could explain how to find peace and what to do with it. At last someone said the King ought to consult the sage who lived just outside the borders of amos his Kingdom:

He is an old man and very wise, the powder King was told. If anyone can answer your questions he can. The King went to the sage and posed the eternal question. Comenious. Without a word the sage went into the kitchen and brought a grain of wheat to the King. In this you will find the tide powder answer to your question, the Sage said as he placed the amos grain of wheat in 1 the King's outstretched palm. Puzzled but unwilling to john admit his ignorance the demian author King clutched the grain of wheat and returned to his palace. John Amos Comenious. He locked the demian author precious grain in a tiny gold box and placed the box in his safe. Each morning, upon waking, the King would open the john amos comenious box and look at the grain to seek an answer but could find nothing. Weeks later another sage, passing through, stopped to meet the King who eagerly invited him to resolve his dilemma. The King explained how he had asked the eternal question and Essay in Intangible, this sage gave him a grain of wheat instead. I have been looking for an answer every morning but I find nothing.

The Sage said: It is john amos comenious quite simple, your honor. THE TRAIL Essay. Just as this grain represents nourishment for the body, peace represents nourishment for the soul. John. Now, if you keep this grain locked up in a gold box it will eventually perish without providing nourishment or multiplying. However, if it is allowed to interact with the elements - light, water, air, soil - it will flourish, multiply and soon you would have a whole field of wheat which will nourish not only you but so many others. This is the meaning of peace. It must nourish your soul and the souls of others, it must multiply by washing, interacting with the elements. Peace-a small word with a deeper meaning attached to it. different interpretations, different perspectives and different understandings yet the meaning is one but for john one's own self. Setting a yardstick about what peace means to you is your own way of looking at it.

When I hear this pure, magical word the first thing I see is english a satisfied soul and not just a quiet that has prevailed. But when quiet prevails, it maybe for mourning a death or even remembering someone great or just a quiet night sleep. And as Oscar Romero says- Peace is john amos not the product of terror or fear. Peace is not the silence of cemeteries. Peace is not the silent result of violent repression. Peace is the generous, tranquil contribution of all to the good of in Intangible Assets all. So peace implies as something quiet yet good-from within and for something outside.. Stillness is one of the most important attribute of peace and not just it leads to a quiet environment around but makes us quiet from inside. To obtain this peace is not easy.

There is a constant fight going on inside you.. White versus Black, Good versus Evil and when we obtain control over our ourselves we can win this war. Consequently, when good prevails over evil within us, can we spread peace to our external elements. Peace comes from living in the moment and looking for the good in others. Amos Comenious. Peacefulness comes from facing our fears and letting them - trust that things will turn out all right. While it is on Investment in Intangible true that the amos world has become so complex and so technologically oriented that individuals no longer believe that they count or that they can do anything to affect world events, it is precisely the opposite. For only when individuals take total responsibility for their own lives, find within themselves calm and twelfth night 1, power of good and live in peace with their neighbors and environment, only then will forces be set in motion that will eventually bring about world peace.

Nations go to war, often quoting peace as the reason. We must realize peace is a journey, not an end. Yet, in comenious our efforts to obtain peace, we often do the most unpeaceful things. Johnny Characters. Instead of seeking inner peace, we seek to enforce peace on others. And that just doesn't work. Peace is a gift you can give to others and to john comenious yourself. If you seek peace with a sincere heart, you can find it. Peace has the power to move mountains. Mahatma Gandhi had spread peace to the world and this was his power or else how could a frail man like him get India its freedom and Indians their rights.

The quality of life depends not upon external development or material progress, but upon the inner development of peace and happiness. Vs. Washington Essay. We all wish for world peace, but world peace will never be achieved unless we first establish peace within our own minds. Without inner peace, outer peace is impossible. We can send so-called peacekeeping forces into john amos areas of conflict, but peace cannot be imposed from the outside with guns. Only by creating peace within our own mind and helping others do the same can we hope to achieve peace in this world.

We can see from this that if we want true, lasting happiness we need to develop and maintain a special experience of inner peace. THE TRAIL OF TEARS. The only comenious, way to do this is by gradually reducing and eliminating our negative, disturbed states of mind and replacing them with positive, peaceful states. Eventually, through continuing to improve our inner peace we will experience permanent inner peace, or nirvana. Once we have attained nirvana we will be happy throughout our life, and in life after life. When a baby is born, he is innocent and believed to be the twelfth purest form of god in this materialistic world and when he dies he Rests in Peace. The unpeacefulness is in between these two stages of comenious human life as he gets trapped in the materialistic trap of this world

So, look for peace in you and twelfth night act 1 scene, not when no two nations are at war, or when you are relaxed because you are your biggest challenge and once you win over the evil inside you, no matter whatever happens outside you, you will surely be peaceful. by Mani Makkar of Class-9. THE ART OF LIVING. Hi, I am Mansi. I am a 16-year-old girl. Amos. Let me tell you an interesting story.

A man walked on the roof of a forty-story building. Essay. He accidentally fell off the roof. As he passed the john seventeenth floor, a person inside the examples building yelled out a question: Hows it going? The man answered back: So far, so good! We may find this story amusing because we know what is comingthe ground. One moment, he will be alive, and comenious, the next moment, he will be dead. My point in telling this story is we are all falling. Essay On Assets. The ground is coming for comenious all of us. One moment, we will be alive, and the next moment, we will be dead. This is Dubois vs. Washington Essay examples probably the most sobering fact of conscious existence. The key to happiness in our lives is to learn how to enjoy the trip. Comenious. To do this, wed better learn to master the art of living, that is, staying in the moment. I love to surf the net and THE TRAIL Essay, explore.

Once, I came upon comenious, a few words said by Sri Ravi Shankar-What is the Art of Living? Be in the present moment. If you live fully now, tomorrow will take care of itself. If you are happy now, the washing powder past will not torment you. That is the art of Living.. How true! Happy is a person who knows what to remember of the john past , what to enjoy in the present and what to plan for the future. One of my friends once messaged me as follows-When you run so fast to get somewhere, you miss the fun of getting there. Life is not a race, so take it slower. Hear the music before the THE TRAIL OF TEARS song is over.

I feel that there are five keywords to learn the art of living. Firstly, one needs to acquire peace of mind. Everyone seeks peace and harmony, because this is amos comenious what we lack in our lives. From time to time we all experience agitation, irritation, disharmony. THE TRAIL Essay. Unhappiness permeates the atmosphere around someone who is miserable, and those who come in contact with such a person also become affected. Amos Comenious. Certainly this is not a skillful way to live.

We ought to live at peace with ourselves, and at peace with others. The technique of self-observation, is tide what is comenious called Vipassana meditation, helps to develop the peace of mind. In the language of India in the time of the THE TRAIL Buddha, passana meant seeing in the ordinary way, with one's eyes open; but vipassana is observing things as they actually are, not just as they appear to be. We become liberated from misery and experience true happiness. Secondly, one must always learn to be happy. We become unhappy when we find someone behaving in a way that we don't like, or when we find something happening which we don't like.

Unwanted things happen and we create tension within. Now, one way to comenious solve this problem is to understand that if the pressures in life are crushing you down, think of the crushed grapes that produce the best wine. Let the demian author pressures in life bring the best in you. Thirdly, one must learn to forgive and john comenious, keep going on and on. We love ourselves even after doing many mistakes. Vs. Washington Essay. Then how can we hate others for their one mistake? Seems strange, but true. John Comenious. Think before you hate someone. The power of a kind word, a listening ear, an honest compliment or the smallest act of caring has the potential to turn a life around.

Next, keep yourself going on. When things go wrong, as they sometimes will, when the road you are trudging seems uphill, when stress is pressing you down a bit, rest if you must but never quit. Anyone can give up. Its the easiest thing to do. But to hold it together when everyone else would understand if you fell apart, thats true strength.

Fourthly, one must always keep a positive outlook towards life. Characters. Life is a movie you see through your own eyes .It doesnt matter what is happening out john amos comenious, there. Its how you take it that counts. Hope yours is a blockbuster. One should never forget that If Winter Comes, Can Spring Be Far Behind? Remember, smooth roads never make good drivers .A problem free life never makes a person strong. So, never ask life Why Me? Instead challenge it and say Try Me. Faith makes all things possible, hope makes all things work and love makes all things beautiful. If you believe you can, you will. If you believe you cant, you wont. Belief is an ignition that gets you off the Essay Assets launching pad.

Believe in yourself! Last but not the least, set your goal and work hard to john amos comenious achieve it. Use our thoughts about the future to set goals and THE TRAIL OF TEARS Essay, make plans. Then return to the present to carry through with our plans. Let not your aim be like a garden, for john amos comenious people to walk over it, instead let it be like the sky, which everyone wishes to touch. LEARN THE ART OF LIVING AND DO YOUR SHARE TODAY! There is no way to peace; peace is the way. - MAHATMA GANDHI. Peace is a term that most commonly refers to demian author an absence of aggression, violence or hostility.peace such a beautiful word. Amos. A word that makes us feel relaxed thinking about those beautiful white doves.When we come to imagine it we see the best of both worlds.A place close to nature and a place where happiness i sthe environment.But that world seems to remain a dream now! We talk about tide powder global peace and hold terrorism as the john culprit.But think. when we cannot even keep peace with our ownselves , how can we talk about peace at such huge levels?

We fight with people , our loved ones for Dubois vs. Washington Essay reasons completely unnecessary. It takes less than a second to burst out in john amos comenious anger, doesn't it? There the irony lies. What we must learn as the first step towards peace is demian author SELF PEACE.. inner peace refers to a state of mind, body and mostly soul, a peace within ourselves. People that experience inner peace say that the feeling is not dependent on time, people, place, or any external object or situation.When we learn to remain at peace with ourselves we will be at amos comenious peace with the rest of the world. Now talking about peace at international levels.. We all know how terrorism threatens the very roots of OF TEARS Essay peace. but that does not sem to be the only culprit. since the time nuclear weapons have arrived thw world has not seen peacve and amos, never will unles we make a conscious effort to stop threatening the Essay world with our nuclear power. The most important thing to remember when we talk about peace is love.Love and peace are inseparable.We cannot have one without the other.With love achieving peace becomes a cakewalk. John Comenious. Whether it is inner peace or peace anywhere across the on Assets globe, love is the comenious basis. love yourself and you shall attian inner peace. love others and you shall be at peace with all. To achieve peace at the global level, we also give NOBEL PEACE PRIZE.The prize has often met with controversy, as it is occasionally awarded to people who have formerly sponsored war and violence but who have, through exceptional concessions, helped achieve peace.

With the basic ideas of peace in mind and conscious efforts towards achieving it in our daily life ,I hope we achieve our aim of global peace one day. When the power of love overcomes the love of power , the world will know peace. by Ashima Gujral Class- 10. Peace is something which is THE TRAIL OF TEARS Essay vastly misinterpreted and misrepresented in comenious todays world. Everyone has their own perceptions about it. Dubois Vs. Washington Essay. out of john which only a small portion actually come near in addressing 'peace. In my personal opinion peace isnt just a cleaver way of showcasing your imposed superficial friendliness while brewing up violent tendencies from within !As is highlighted by Indias relations with Pakistanin formal terms we are at peace since the kargil war of 1999. but reality rests in a completely different sphere. I believe peace is not just stopping wars. its something more. its the victory of reality over virtual superiority, the realization that everyone in the world is nothing but equal.

It means to give the vs. Washington examples due share of respect to amos everyone's opinion and Essay, thinking before putting your ideas into action. It means forgetting all what happened in the past. hoping and believing that a better day, a better future is possible. This world has seen so many of the traumatizing atrocities in its lifetime ,as we become aware of john amos comenious our mistakes in Dubois Essay the past it becomes the duty of each of comenious us as individuals and as youth to change all this and create a better place for our succeeding generations . and tide washing powder, yes we can do it!