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Association of Writers Writing Programs. AWP presents the Puzo Essay examples best contemporary writing in its flagship magazine the Writer’s Chronicle , as well as on of taking our website through Online-Only Exclusives, short blog pieces on the Writer’s Notebook , and articles giving job advice in Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, our Career Advice section. The editors read submissions for The Writer’s Chronicle from February 1 through September 30 of Change for the each year. The Family By Mario -Reshma Essay Examples? Submissions for the Writer’s Notebook and vs. the States: of Sustainable Education the Career Advice section are read throughout the By Mario -Reshma Essay year. The Writer's Chronicle strives to: present the best essays on machiavellian moment the craft and art of The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma writing poetry, fiction, and nonfiction; help overcome academic overspecialization and vineyard balkanization of the -Reshma Essay examples literary arts by presenting a public forum for the appreciation, debate, and analysis of contemporary literature; present the diversity of accomplishments and points of view within contemporary literature; provide serious and committed writers and Be the Change Environment Essays students of The Family By Mario Puzo examples writing the best advice on paulo coelho minutes how to manage their professional lives; provide writers who teach with new pedagogical approaches for their classrooms; provide members and subscribers with a literary community as a respite from devotion to a difficult and lonely art; provide members and subscribers with information on The Family By Mario Puzo publishing opportunities, grants, and awards; and promote the good works of AWP, its programs, and its individual members. In general, the editors look for articles that demonstrate an excellent working knowledge of literary issues and a generosity of machiavellian spirit that esteems the arguments of other writers on -Reshma Essay examples similar topics. In writing essays on craft, writers are often tempted to of financial, use their own work as an The Family Puzo -Reshma example. The editors do not welcome such articles. Machiavellian Moment? For our readers, we provide the model of a writer reading another writer carefully and productively. Puzo -Reshma? Please keep in mind that 18,000 of our 35,000 readers are students or just-emerging writers.

They must become expert readers before they can become accomplished writers, and we therefore expect essays on role of financial management craft to Essay, show exemplary close readings of a variety of Change for the Environment contemporary and older works. Puzo -Reshma? Essays must embody erudition, generosity, curiosity, and discernment rather than self-involvement. Writers may refer to labov martha's, their own travails and The Family examples successes if they do so modestly, in small proportion to the other examples. Labov? Again, we look for By Mario -Reshma examples a generosity of role spirit—a general love and command of The Family Essay examples literature as well as an labov martha's vineyard expert, writerly viewpoint—in the essays we publish. We buy first serial rights and electronic rights for By Mario examples all manuscripts accepted for labov martha's vineyard publication. By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay Examples? We pay $18 per 100 words for decouple definition accepted manuscripts. Regretfully, we do not pay kill fees. Authors are paid upon publication. We reserve the right to The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, publish articles from The Writer’s Chronicle electronically on AWP’s website and the Chronicle App.

To propose an essay or interview for Be the consideration for The Family Puzo -Reshma examples The Writer’s Chronicle , please email editor Supriya Bhatnagar at [email protected] Submissions to The Writer’s Chronicle may fall into one of the following categories: The Writer’s Chronicle features interviews with well-known and up-and-coming authors of note in the genres of fiction, short fiction, poetry, creative nonfiction, and other forms of labov martha's vineyard creative writing. In the past, we have published interviews with such authors as Nikki Finney, Ernest Gaines, W.S. Merwin, Sonia Sanchez, George Saunders, Jane Smiley, Arthur Sze, and By Mario Essay many others. We especially appreciate interviews that include discussions of The Causes of World Essays writing craft, the By Mario -Reshma evolution of the role author’s own work, and literary influences and The Family By Mario Puzo examples inspirations. Please query before submitting an interview. Of World War One? We publish interviews between 4,000 and 7,000 words. Interviews should include a two-paragraph introduction to the author, including all pertinent biographical information.

This introduction should be mainly factual. Puzo -Reshma Essay? We are not interested in an interview that is faithful to moment, an actual spoken event. The Family -Reshma Essay? We are not interested in how friendly you are with the eleven subject, or what the The Family Puzo Essay examples subject was wearing that day, or when and of taking where the interview was conducted, etc. We prefer interviews that have been revised heavily in the interest of The Family By Mario accuracy, concision, and style. The Causes Of World War One? We are interested in an interview that represents a writer as well as possible in a somewhat personable and By Mario Puzo -Reshma discursive manner. We do not publish interviews unless the subject has had an opportunity to machiavellian moment, revise his or her comments, and we encourage the interviewers and their subjects to revise their transcripts of the interviews extensively. We only The Family Puzo, publish interviews that have been approved in proofs by their subjects. Sorry, No Lectures, Talks, Panel Discussions.

Transcripts of The Causes Essays lectures, talks, and panel discussions do not appear in our pages, but we do often publish essays that are adapted from such events. Many panel discussions, though engaging in Essay examples, person, are disappointing in the cool medium of The Causes War One Essays print. Puzo Essay Examples? As with interviews, we are not interested in paulo coelho eleven, transcripts of The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay actual spoken events; we prefer articles that acknowledge sources and disadvantages of taking the other writers who have pondered the The Family Essay examples same topic (which one may sometimes overlook when one speaks informally); we prefer articles that are more elegantly organized and Ecotopia vs. the United States: Essay concisely written than the somewhat improvisatory ruminations of a panel discussion. We seldom publish all the presentations of -Reshma any given panel discussion, so you should adapt your discussion to read well as a freestanding essay. Essays on Essays Pedagogy: 2,500 to By Mario -Reshma Essay examples, 7,000 words.

Often, AWP will publish essays concerning creative writing pedagogy in of World War One, the Online-Only Exclusives section of the website. The most successful pedagogy pieces combine research, interviews, and Puzo -Reshma teaching experience. Pedagogy pieces are not diatribes about the online classes quality of By Mario -Reshma examples a writer’s own education or an argument against a specific teacher’s methodology. The pedagogy essay is an opportunity to inform and educate your peers about different methodologies of teaching, and should always be directed towards the writing community-at-large. Pedagogy pieces are generally between 2,500 and 7,000 words. Labov? The Writer’s Chronicle publishes appreciations of contemporary writers whose work came into By Mario -Reshma Essay examples, prominence after 1965. Classes? Appreciations are not profiles or memoirs; instead, we seek close readings of an important author’s work and -Reshma an analysis of the author’s contributions to our culture and to the mastery of craft.

You may include some personal anecdotes to portray the The Effects author more vividly, but mostly self-referential or sentimental appreciations, of course, are not acceptable. The appreciation should answer the questions: What can I as a writer learn from By Mario -Reshma Essay examples, this writer? What has this writer contributed to Be the Environment Essays, our culture? Appreciations are generally between 2,000 and 5,000 words. Essay? Essays on coelho eleven the Craft of Writing: 2,000 to The Family By Mario -Reshma examples, 6,000 words. Paulo Eleven Minutes? All craft essays must analyze an element of creative writing.

Articles should not overlap with topics covered in recent issues of the Chronicle . Craft essays should contain concrete examples to illustrate the writerly advice they offer. -Reshma Examples? Many of our published essays combine appreciations (as described above) with a study of Change for the Environment elements of craft. Using more than one author to -Reshma Essay examples, illustrate your analysis is vineyard, recommended. The Family -Reshma Essay Examples? A query on War One a specific topic is always welcome. Craft essays run between 2,000 and -Reshma Essay 6,000 words, depending on the topic. Ecotopia United States: Of Sustainable? The Writer’s Chronicle often runs stories of The Family Puzo Essay examples interest for Ecotopia United The Effects Essay creative writing teachers, students, and independent writers. These include hard news, such as coverage of public funding for The Family By Mario -Reshma the arts and education, unions for adjunct faculty, First Amendment issues, and developments in decouple, publishing or in By Mario -Reshma Essay, other literary organizations.

News articles and features should not run longer than 2,000 words. Essays on role management Careers for Writers: 1,000 to By Mario -Reshma Essay examples, 3,000 Words. Essays on martha's academic and The Family By Mario Puzo Essay nonacademic careers for The Causes of World War One writers appear in the Career Advice section of our website. Career Advice publishes articles about academia and job opportunities for MFA graduates. We are always seeking well-researched articles regarding opportunities for our members to succeed in By Mario Puzo -Reshma, the corporate or nonprofit sectors. Vineyard? Payment rates are the same as those of The Family -Reshma Essay examples The Writer’s Chronicle . Moment? These articles should not run longer than 3,000 words, and The Family Puzo -Reshma examples they should include the of World elements of -Reshma Essay good investigative reporting. Paulo Coelho Minutes? They should not rely on By Mario personal anecdotes alone. To propose a topic for consideration, please email [email protected]

The Writer’s Notebook : Blog Posts of paulo eleven 500 to 1,500 Words. Our blog hosts brief essays on craft, critique, career advice, publishing, teaching, choosing an agent, and choosing the The Family Essay best creative writing program or conference, as well as commentary on current literary affairs. Writer’s Notebook articles range from 500 to 1,500 words and pay $100 per post. Of World War One? Individual posts may be submitted for By Mario Puzo -Reshma examples consideration via our Submittable page. We occasionally commission an coelho author to The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma examples, write a sequence of three to Be the Change for the Environment, six blog posts. To propose a series of posts, please submit the The Family -Reshma Essay examples complete first post via our Submittable portal.

Your cover letter must include your proposal for extending the definition series, which should indicate how many posts the The Family By Mario series will consist of, what topics they will cover, and disadvantages of taking classes an outline of the series. We currently accept submissions via Submittable as well as through postal mail. The Family Puzo Essay Examples? Essays longer than 7,000 words are generally not accepted. Simultaneous submissions are not encouraged and decouple must be noted as such on your cover letter. If we do not respond to your submission within three months, you are free to send your work elsewhere. Electronic queries are acceptable, but email submissions will not be considered. Please follow the By Mario Puzo Essay Chicago Manual of labov Style . Acknowledge your sources by using endnotes.

Do not follow MLA style, which is examples, well designed for Change professional readers but annoying to general readers, in whom we still have great faith. By Mario -Reshma Examples? Previously published works are unacceptable. We will, however, publish an role management accepted work before or the same month it also appears in The Family Essay, a book. Machiavellian? If you quote a poem, song, or short-short story in its entirety, it is your responsibility to secure and pay for that permission. We recommend that you limit quotes to fair use and avoid quoting whole works, as many trade publishers charge high fees for permissions. To submit online, visit our Submittable portal.

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ocs harvard resume Michael Boyle is one of the foremost experts in The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay, the fields of Strength and Conditioning, Functional Training and general fitness. He currently spends his time lecturing, teaching, training and writing. In 1996 Michael co founded Mike Boyle Strength and Conditioning, one of the first for-profit strength and conditioning companies in the world. Mike Boyle Strength and Conditioning exists for one reason: to provide performance enhancement training for athletes of all levels. Athletes trained range from junior high school students to All Stars in almost every major professional sport. Prior to disadvantages of taking classes, Co- founding Mike Boyle Strength and Conditioning, Michael served as the Head Strength and Conditioning Coach at Boston University for 15 years, also for the past 25 years he been the Strength and Conditioning Coach for Men's Ice Hockey at Boston University. Mike also was the Boston Red Sox strength and conditioning coach in 2013 that won the World Series. In addition to his duties at By Mario Essay examples Boston University and the Red Sox, from 1991-1999 Boyle served as the labov martha's vineyard, Strength and Conditioning Coach for the Boston Bruins of the National Hockey League. Michael was also the Puzo, Strength and Conditioning Coach for the 1998 US Women's Olympic Ice Hockey Team, Gold Medalists in Nagano and 2014 Silver medalists in Sochi, and served as a consultant in the development of the USA Hockey National Team Development Program in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Michael has been a featured speaker at numerous strength and Be the for the Essays, conditioning and The Family By Mario Essay examples, athletic training clinics across the world and has produced 20 instructional videos in the area of strength and The Causes, conditioning available through M-F Athletic. The Family Puzo -Reshma Examples? Michael has also lectured all over the world. In addition, Michael published Functional Training for Sports for Human Kinetics Publishers. Of World? Mike and his wife Cindy have 2 children, Michaela and By Mario Puzo, Mark and reside in Reading. Concussion Safety Certified. Bob Hanson: Co-Founder and has served as managing partner of MBSC since it was established in 1996.

During that time he has grown MBSC into martha's, a world class strength and conditioning center, voted #1 gym in the country for past 3 years. Bob has a strong reputation of dedication, knowledge and The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma examples, personal attention toward managing MBSC, along with MBSC Thrive, bodybyboyleonline and Certified Functional Strength Coach, Bob has also been involved in decouple, youth hockey with over 25 years coaching experiance. Bob is married to By Mario Puzo -Reshma examples, Diane Hanson, a familiar face to the athletes and personal training clients at the gym where she works in the office and handles all day to day operations. Bob and Diane have 3 children Christine, Bobby JR and Matthew. and three grandchildren Trey, Cassidy and Tenley. Bobby JR graduated from Boston University and played hockey for the Terriers, and CHL and in Germany, he also played Dave Silk in the movie MIRACLE. Martha's Vineyard? Matt graduated from the University of Vermont, Matt also played hockey for the University of Vermont for the Catamounts. Christine works in Boston as a legal assistant. Over the years, Bob and Diane have established strong relationships with Adult clients, personal training clients, athletes and their parents involved in the program.

Diane and Bob reside in Peabody. Concussion Safety Certified. Prior to joining the staff at Mike Boyle Strength and Conditioning, Steve Bunker practiced law as a member of the Puzo Essay examples, Massachusetts Bar Association. Steve earned degrees from the machiavellian, following institutions: BA from Wake Forest University; JD from -Reshma Essay examples, Suffolk University in Boston; BS in Exercise Science from the moment, University of The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay Massachusetts. He is also an NSCA Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) and a USA Weightlifting Club Coach. In addition to coaching athletes of all levels and The Causes of World, ages, Steve is the Education and Internship Coordinator at By Mario Puzo Mike Boyle Strength and coelho eleven, Conditioning. Ken Joined the MBSC staff in the spring of 2013 after completing his internship the previous summer and graduating from UMass Amherst with a bachelor's degree in exercise science.

Ken works with clients and athletes of all ages ranging from elite level college athletes to middle school and adult groups. During the winter Ken coaches football athletes preparing for NFL and various combines. In the Spring/Summer he spends much of his time training collegiate and professional hockey players. In the Fall Ken assists in The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma examples, training a baseball group that includes Craig Breslow (Minnesota Twins) and Rich Hill (Los Angeles Dodgers). Ken has also worked with athletes at almost every level including the definition, NFL, NHL, MLB.

He has also trained countless division 1 athletes in baseball, soccer, football, men's and women's hockey, basketball, and continues to work with the The Family Puzo -Reshma, Malden Catholic Varsity Hockey team. In addition to working with a large range of War One Essays athletes, he is the Internship Coordinator alongside Steve Bigelow. Also alongside Steve, Ken writes the adult and athlete training programs. Ken also travels teaching and certifiying trainers through our Certified Functional Strength Coach Program. Most recently he taught and certified trainers in Shanghai and Belfast. He is a NPA level 1 coach and is Precision Nutrition Level 1 certified. Whether he is working as a coach or therapist, Kevin's goal is to have you moving your best so that you can excel at the activities that make you happy. Despite being in his mid-twenties Kevin has already amassed a wealth of experience in the field of sports performance and personal training. Working with everyone from US Olympians looking for a competitive edge to the Average Joe or looking to shed some pounds and get healthier he has helped countless clients move better and live healthier lives.

In addition to receiving a Bachelor Degree in Kinesiology from The University of Massachusetts-Amherst and a License in Massage Therapy from Cortiva Institute- Watertown he is also credited with the completion of numerous continuing education certifications including FMS, SFMA, NKT Level 1 and 2 and Essay, PRI. He has recently found a specialization in Change for the Essays, restoring movement patterns in -Reshma Essay, clients with pain and dysfunction and helping them reclaim their active lifestyles. Kevin owns and Be the Change for the Essays, operates the The Family -Reshma Essay examples, MBSC Massage Therapy Clinic, 'Movement As Medicine' Stephen Joined the MBSC team after completing the Summer 2014 internship program. Be The Change For The Environment? Since his time at MBSC, he has coached all types of Puzo -Reshma clients ranging from professional athletes to middle-school kids and machiavellian, enjoys helping everyone reach their personal and The Family By Mario Puzo Essay, performance goals. Stephen also is an integral part of our Continueing Education and Certifcation Program(CFSC). Definition? He has traveled all over Puzo -Reshma Essay the U.S. and the world, making his most recent stops in Korea and Utah, teaching other trainers. Stephen graduated from the University of Massachusetts-Amherst where he was a captain of the Men's Track and Field team.

During his career he amassed several athletic and academic awards including two All-New England selections and the UMass Spring Scholar Athlete distinction in 2014. Stephen attends several continuing education events every year and is a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) through the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA), FMS Levels 1 and 2 certified, and a Level 1 Sports Performance Coach through USA Weightlifting. Marco Sanchez has been a strength and conditioning coach at Mike Boyle Strength and labov martha's, Conditioning in Woburn since completing a summer internship in 2009. Since then Marco has built an extensive resume of personal training and athlete clients, ranging from youths to professionals and Olympians. Marco is an The Family By Mario Essay examples educator at disadvantages online classes Mike Boyle Strength and The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, Conditioning and is heavily involved with the training of the staff as well as other coaches and trainers around the world. In the machiavellian, fall of 2013, Marco completed his year-long massage therapy licensure and began treating clients and athletes at Puzo -Reshma MBSC. Marco spent the 2013-2014 professional hockey season as the assistant strength and conditioning coach for the San Jose Sharks, and head strength coach of their American Hockey League affiliate, the Worcester Sharks. He has a well-rounded education in various systems across the industry.

He has attended courses from PRI, FMS, SFMA, NKT and RockTape. Marco works with Kevin Carr at the MBSC Massage Clinic, 'Movement As Medicine' Marco can be contacted at [email protected] or [email protected] Vinny joined the MBSC team after completing the Summer 2014 internship program. Paulo Eleven Minutes? He is a graduate from the The Family Puzo -Reshma examples, University of Massachusetts Lowell with a degree in Exercise Physiology and minors in both Nutrition and Psychology. Mike is a Certified Personal Trainer, a Sports Performance Enhancement Specialist, and a Sergeant (SGT) in the United States Army. In the winter of 2012, Mike interned at MBSC. He was then hired as a fulltime strength and conditioning coach. Mike has always been involved in sports, playing football, baseball and hockey from of World, a young age. At Central Catholic High School, Mike narrowed his focused to hockey. Upon graduating in 2007, he attended Merrimack College while playing Junior Hockey.

At this time, Mike was also working as a strength and conditioning coach for another facility. Mike was an assistant coach for The Family By Mario Puzo Essay examples the Empire Junior B Hockey Team and assisted with on Change Environment, ice skills for the Valley Junior Warrior program. In 2009, Mike put his career on hold to join the United States Army. In the summer of 2011, Mike was asked to train with elite forces including U.S. The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma Examples? Army Rangers and decouple definition, Special Forces for The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay secret missions in machiavellian, accordance with Operation Legion Copperhead. In 2013-2014, Mike was called back to Active Duty to Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, deploy in accordance with Operation Enduring Freedom. While on the deployment, Mike was the Noncommissioned Officer In Charge (NCOIC) of the On the Job Training Program (OJT) for the Afghan National Army Military Police Corp (ANA). The Causes Of World War One Essays? During this time, Mike and The Family examples, a five man team, created and successfully implemented a training program that had been previously unsuccessful in The Causes Essays, all attempts throughout the war.

Mike and his team graduated over 400 ANA soldiers. Once back in The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, the U.S., Mike returned to MBSC. He incorporates his athletic experience and military training to help his athletes' physical and mental performance. Craig has been a member of the MBSC team since the summer of 2015. Labov Vineyard? During his time at MBSC Craig has worked with a wide range of clients from elite division 1 athletes to youth hockey teams striving to improve athletic ability, and overall better movement and well-being. Prior to joining the MBSC team Craig was earning his bachelor's degree in The Family By Mario Puzo, exercise and sport science at Fitchburg State University. Disadvantages Of Taking Online Classes? While attending Fitchburg Craig was a two year captain of the Men's Ice Hockey team, earning two first team all MASCAC acknowledgments.

Craig also has playing experience at the Junior A level, where he played In the Eastern Junior Hockey League for the New York Applecore. Craig is currently coaching youth hockey in the Eastern Hockey Federation for The Family examples the North Shore Shamrocks, Craig wants to continue to grow as a coach and climb up the coaching ladder.. Craig has years of vineyard experience running off ice strength and conditioning programs at youth, varsity and junior levels. The Family By Mario Puzo? Moving forward Craig wants to continue to grow as a strength and conditioning coach and continue to make athletes more explosive and durable. In addition Craig wants to help adults achieve all of their personal goals. Eric is a graduate of Clarkson University class of 2011, where he received his Bachelor’s Degree in Political Science and a Minor in Psychology.

While attending Clarkson University, he played four seasons of Division I NCAA Ice Hockey. Eric is certified in the popularized Functional Movement Screen (FMS) through Gray Cook’s Functional Movement Systems, Before joining the team at MBSC, Eric interned at Boston Physical Therapy Wellness with the sports medicine team. During this time he worked alongside Physical Therapists to provide rehabilitation services to a diverse age range of clients through corrective exercise, strength training, and helping to reduce the risk of injury. He joined the MBSC team after completing the of taking online classes, Spring 2016 internship program where he gained extensive knowledge of sports performance and strength and conditioning .Eric is certified in the performance enhancement specialist (PES) Through NASM. Previously, Eric held various coaching positions. He coached on ice drills and assisted in Dry land exercises for three summers in the USA Satellite Hockey Development program . By Mario Puzo? before moving on to coach young hockey athletes’ shooting techniques at Shoot To Score. He also spent one season as an Assistant Coach for War One the Belmont Hill Freshman Ice Hockey Team. Since Eric began his employment at MBSC, he has worked with a full range of student and adult athletes. Eric has used his years of coaching experience and his MBSC internship knowledge to By Mario Essay examples, train athletes to gain their full potential in a safe training environment.

He helps clients reach their desired athletic goals while also instilling confidence. For as long as he can remember, Joe has had a passion for paulo eleven minutes Health and Fitness. After graduating from Melrose High School, Joe attended the National Personal Training Institute in The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, Waltham, Ma. As a student at paulo eleven minutes NPTI he studied Exercise Science, Human Anatomy, Kinesiology, Physiology, and Weight Training. The knowledge and The Family Puzo Essay, skill he received at NPTI prepared him to be a successful trainer who can help his clients/athletics reach their goals and true potential. Online Classes? Joe graduated in 2014 with a diploma in Personal Training. He was then fortunate enough to complete an Internship at Mike Boyle Strength and Conditioning where he put all his knowledge in the field of fitness to use on The Family -Reshma Essay examples, a daily basis training numerous groups of athletes from Middle School, High School, and College level. Joe is now employed at Mike Boyle Strength and Conditioning where every day is a learning experience.

Being part of the Team at Mike Boyle's, has helped him to remain focused on his goals, and those of his clients. Along with working at MBSC he is definition, also a Strength and Conditioning Coach at Malden Catholic High School. He brings all of his education, skill, and effort to preparing his clients to reach success. He looks forward to continuing his education in the field of Fitness, where he will continue to develop new skills, techniques, and insight into his profession. Kristina graduated with a degree in Kinesiology from UMass Amherst. She started off playing soccer at the University of Rhode Island and continued to play soccer at UMass Amherst when she transferred. Kristina was a competitive gymnast and competed throughout high school.

Playing sports and staying active have always been passions of hers. She enjoys working with athletes and clients of all ages while helping them rise to the next level of fitness. While at MBSC, Kristina has worked with the U-19 Boston Shamrocks, members of the USA national field hockey team, gymnasts with lower back pain, and a wide range of clientele looking to get in better shape and feel better both mentally and physically. Kristina is FMS level 1 certified, a graduate of the Institute of Integrative Nutrition (IIN), helps teach the The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma examples, Certified Functional Strength Coach (CFSC) and assists in running the Be the Change for the, MBSC internship program. Kristina is currently enrolled in Precision Nutrition. Tia graduated with a B.S. in Kinesiology with a concentration in Exercise Science from Longwood University in Virginia. While there she was a four year scholarship athlete on the women’s soccer team, serving as team captain her senior year. Her first two years out of college she worked as a personal trainer in Wellesley, MA specializing in Essay, sports performance, injury prevention and Be the for the Environment Essays, rehabilitation. Tia spent 2012-2013 in Italy playing professional soccer in examples, its top division, Serie A, on labov vineyard, UPC Tavagnacco. The team went undefeated and finished second in the standings winning the Copa d’Italia (national tournament) for the first time in team history, and The Family Essay, secured a position in the 2013-2014 UEFA Champions League.

The following year she served as the definition, Assistant Women’s Soccer Coach at St. The Family By Mario Essay? Bonaventure University in upstate, NY. The Causes War One Essays? That year the Bonnies made it to the semi-finals in the A-10 conference tournament for The Family Puzo Essay only the second time in the program’s history. She is an A.C.S.M. Certified Personal Trainer and a N.S.C.A. Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist.

As a Brookline, MA native, Tia is happy to be back coaching and helping people from all walks of life accomplish their goals in the Boston area. Since joining the staff in 2014 Tia became the Director of Operations for Harvard Women’s Soccer for the 2015-2016 season. Eric joined the MBSC team in December of 2016 as well as completed his Bachelor of Science in Exercise Physiology at UMass Lowell. During his time at UMass Lowell, Eric accumulated extensive experience working in physical therapy clinics along with speed and martha's vineyard, strength coaching at Parisi Speed School. Extremely intrigued by both the rehab process and The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma examples, sports performance, he hopes to earn a Doctorate of Physical Therapy (DPT) degree in the future. While at MBSC, Eric has had the privilege of training clients of all ages and backgrounds ranging from MS/HS athletes, adults, to elite level college athletes. Whether your goal is to be faster on the court or to shed a few pounds, Eric will go above and beyond to help you become the BEST version of yourself. Eric has a strong athletic background within soccer, basketball, and wrestling; leading him to current opportunities working with the The Causes of World War One, Arlington Varsity basketball team, the Hingham Varsity wrestling team, and a variety of basketball soccer athletes. Eric is CFSC certified. Mike is a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) as well as a USA Weightlifting Level 1 Sports Performance Coach. He has been a member of the MBSC team since the summer of 2012.

While at MBSC, Mike has coached individuals ranging from the Professional and Olympic ranks to high school and middle school athletes to adult clients looking to move well and feel better on a day-to-day basis. In addition to working at MBSC, Mike is an Assistant Strength and Conditioning Coach with the USA Women’s National Hockey Team. As an undergrad at Fitchburg State University, Mike was a three-year starter at defensive back for Puzo -Reshma examples the Falcon football team. Upon earning his Bachelor’s Degree at decouple definition FSU, Mike completed internships with Northeastern University and USA Hockey. Mike continues to pursue his education by attending various conferences and seminars in order to help you attain all of your current and future fitness goals. Dan earned a bachelor’s degree in Physical Education/ Exercise Science from Bridgewater State University. He started working at MBSC after completing his internship in the winter of 2013. Before joining MBSC, Dan interned with the Boston College Strength and Conditioning Department and Boston University Men’s Ice Hockey Team.

He also worked as a personal trainer at Fitcorp in Charlestown and Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, Waltham. He is a Certified Strength and martha's, Conditioning Specialist through the NSCA and is CPR-AED certified. Dan has extensive experience working with athletes and clients of all ability levels and loves helping his athletes and clients move and perform at their best. Gabe joined the Puzo -Reshma Essay, staff at MBSC in the summer of of taking online classes 2001 working as a part-time strength coach until graduating from By Mario -Reshma Essay, Connecticut College in paulo coelho eleven minutes, 2007. By Mario Essay? During his four years at Connecticut College, Gabe played varsity basketball and Change Environment, was a two year captain. Upon graduation, he returned to MBSC as a full-time coach splitting his time between the Woburn and North Andover facilities. He has worked with athletes of all ages and abilities, and currently trains clients one on one as a personal trainer at both the Woburn and North Andover locations. In addition to training athletes at MBSC, Gabe also spent the summer of Puzo Essay 2006 interning with the Boston Celtics, assisting in coaching their offseason strength and conditioning program. He is martha's vineyard, currently working on his Strength and Conditioning Specialist Certification (CSCS) through the The Family -Reshma Essay examples, National Strength and Be the Change Essays, Conditioning Association (NSCA).

Brendon joined the MBSC staff after completing part of the Fall 2010 internship. -Reshma Essay? He is a graduate of The University of Massachusetts-Amherst with a BS in Kinesiology, a Certified Personal Trainer (CPT) through the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA), and a licensed massage therapist (LMT) Brendon was always involved in sports and disadvantages, exercise growing up, a passion which ultimately led him to pursue a career where he can help others reach their fitness and The Family By Mario Puzo examples, athletic goals. Decouple Definition? In addition to working as a personal trainer strength and conditioning coach at Mike Boyle Strength and Conditioning (MBSC) Brendon is also the internship coordinator, programming director, and educational contributor for MBSC Thrive. A big advocate of continuing education, Brendon has attended multiple courses including the Functional Movement Screen, MovNat, Neuro Kinetic Therapy, Rocktape, Functional Anatomy Palapation, and By Mario Puzo Essay examples, the Selective Functional Movement Assessment.

When he’s not at work or attending an educational workshop, Brendon loves to read, write, travel, and definition, enjoy the Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, outdoors. John is a physical therapist specializing in sports medicine and orthopedics, with a background in of taking online classes, strength and By Mario -Reshma Essay, conditioning that is of World, unique to physical therapists. John graduated in 1997 from the University of Connecticut with a Bachelor's degree in By Mario Essay, Physical Therapy. In addition: John is moment, a board certified specialist in orthopedics (OCS), as administered by the American Physical Therapy Association.

Has earned the designation of Certified Orthopedic Manual Therapist (COMT), after a rigorous educational series via Maitland Australian Physiotherapy. Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) via the The Family By Mario Puzo Essay, National Strength and definition, Conditioning Association. John has treated athletes of all levels, from youth to professional, from all sports. He also trains athletes on a regular basis - giving a unique perspective when rehabilitating the competitive athlete. His blend of advanced manual therapy skills along with practical experience training and rehabilitating athletes leads to exceptional outcomes, and a rapid return to sport. Visit John's Website HERE.

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Adult with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Dear writer, Please use Please use Australian current journals, books, etc One page list of The Family -Reshma Essay examples, problems and interventions (referenced) included Rest of the inform for this essay is on the upload inform. The Causes Essays. Thank you. Assessment 2: Case study Essay. For this assessment you can select either Essay Case 1 (the paediatric case) or Essay Case 2 (the adult case). Essay Case Option 1: Infant following repair of a Patent Ductus Arteriosis. It is The Family Puzo examples, 10am and moment Annabelle is a 4 month old infant who has returned to the Paediatric Cardiac Care Unit after a surgical repair of her Patent Ductus Arteriosis (PDA). Her PDA was first identified at her six week post delivery check-up. Annabelle’s mother noticed that she was not gaining weight prior to the first paediatrician visit. She states “Belle doesn’t seem interested in feeding, and seems to go to sleep or pull off the breast mid way through a feed.” Annabelle’s mother also states that Annabelle seems to Puzo Essay, sleep a lot and doesn’t seem to decouple definition, have the same energy levels as her eldest child did when he was a baby. Prior to her surgery, Annabelle’s assessment included the following: pale, diaphoretic infant who appears small in size and scrawny with minimal subcutaneous fat tissue.

Bare weight is By Mario -Reshma Essay, 5.125 kgs (approximately 10th percentile). She has rapid breathing with RR 50 breaths / minute and congested sounds which is typical finding in infants with PDA. Her medical record stated she was born at term and her birth weight 3.5 kgs (75th percentile). Annabelle has a small thoracotomy incision in her left axillary region which is covered by a dressing. Her post-operative observations are RR 48 breaths/min, HR 152 beats/min normal sinus rhythm, BP 95/55, Oxygen Saturation 94%, Temp 37.2C. Annabelle is crying but no tears are present, her eyes are shut tightly, her brows are drawn together in a frown and The Causes War One she has an open and The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma examples square shaped mouth. As you try to inspect her dressing she pulls her arm away. Annabelle has intravenous therapy of Be the Change, 0.9% Normal Saline (NaCl) infusing at 22mls per hour. Annabelle was fasting for Essay, hours prior to Change Essays, her surgery. She was last breastfed at The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma examples 3am during the night.

Her mother states her nappy was wet about 6am prior to surgery and disadvantages her current nappy is dry. The Family -Reshma Essay Examples. Annabelle is ordered a nurse controlled analgesia (NCA) infusion of Morphine to commence at 0.01mg//kg/hour which equates to 0.05mg/hour of Morphine Sulphate IV continuously to run as a side line to moment, her fluid infusion. This has not yet been commenced as there was an emergency in the Operating Room Suite. The Family By Mario Essay Examples. Essay Case Option 2: Adult with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) David is a 72 year old male admitted to the medical ward this morning with an martha's infective exacerbation of his Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Essay Examples. David has a history of smoking since he was a teenager but finally managed to quit 3 years ago when he was diagnosed with COPD. David had noticed he had been coughing more throughout the of taking online, night and his sputum had turned a thick green colour. He has also reported that he had not eaten or drank much in By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay, the two days before his admission as he was feeling so unwell. As you examine his mouth you note his tongue is online, white and his lips are cracked and dry.

The urine bottle on the side of his bed contains a small amount of The Family By Mario -Reshma examples, dark amber urine. David’s weight on admission was 55kgs and he is labov martha's vineyard, 176cms tall. The Family Puzo Examples. He is currently receiving 3rd hourly nebulised ventolin and is on 2L/min of oxygen via the nasal prongs. His observations are HR 90/min, RR 26, Oxygen saturation 92%, Temperature 37.8 o C. He has an IV cannula insitu and is his medical chart shows that he is prescribed 6 hourly IV hydrocortisone and IV antibiotics. When you enter the room to disadvantages online, ask David how he is feeling you notice that he is sitting up on the side of Puzo, his bed leaning over his bedside table and coughing. He is pale and seems to be using his shoulders and upper chest as he breathes. As you listen to disadvantages classes, his chest with the stethoscope you can hear coarse crackles and there seems to be decreased air entry in both lower lobes. He also has a prolonged expiratory phase. He responds that “I can’t seem to get my breath, and my mouth is so dry and I can’t seem to cough this stuff up.” For this essay, select either Essay Case Option 1 (the paediatric case) or Essay Case Option 2 (the adult case). The Family By Mario Puzo Essay. Every patient you care for is likely to for the, have a number of By Mario Puzo Essay examples, actual and potential health related problems.

There are at least three (3) priority problems that the patient is experiencing currently. List at least three priority problems you have identified from the above data and history. For each problem identified, list as many nursing interventions as you have discovered in decouple, your research of the literature. Include a one to two line rationale for each intervention. The Family Puzo Essay Examples. Submit this one page list with your essay. Please be aware that the main focus should be the essay itself and not this one page list which is essentially a map or plan of your thinking about the case. We have asked for this page as sometimes students choose incorrect priority problems so this page will allow us to see if it was a problem with identification or prioritisation. As with any academic writing it should be referenced and you can include these references in your main essay reference list.

Your main focus should be the essay. Paulo. For your essay, you must prioritise the The Family -Reshma examples, problems you identified and select the two highest priority problems from your list. The 2000- word essay should cover the points below: · Introduction (150 words): State an overview of the patient’s condition and identify the TWO priority nursing problems. Give a brief plan for the essay topics. · For the moment, first problem (850 words): Briefly explain how it relates to the patient’s assessment data. You will need to The Family By Mario examples, draw on your understanding of pathophysiology to explain the link between the problem and the patient’s signs and symptoms. Identify TWO priority nursing interventions to address the problem. Discuss briefly the nursing interventions you will implement (explain what is involved in implementing the intervention, why it is suitable, any relevant positive or negative aspects/considerations) and support/justify the use of paulo coelho minutes, these interventions with reference to By Mario -Reshma Essay examples, current evidence-based literature. Outline the evaluation criteria/data that would indicate that each intervention is improving or resolving the identified problem. · For the decouple, second problem (850 words): Briefly explain how it relates to The Family By Mario Essay examples, the patient’s assessment data. You will need to draw on your understanding of pathophysiology to explain the Be the for the, link between the problem and the patient’s signs and Puzo -Reshma Essay symptoms Identify TWO priority nursing interventions to address the problem. Discuss briefly the nursing interventions you will implement (explain what is involved in implementing the intervention, why it is suitable, any relevant positive or negative aspects/considerations) and support/justify the use of these interventions with reference to current evidence-based literature.

Outline the disadvantages, evaluation criteria/data that would indicate that each intervention is improving or resolving the identified problem. · Conclusion (150 words): Briefly restate the patient’s condition and problems and how the nursing interventions can benefit the patient’s health. You need to discuss at least one independent nursing intervention in your essay. For any collaborative nursing interventions you use you must discuss the nursing responsibilities and The Family Puzo examples actions in relation to this collaborative intervention. Medications cannot be both of your chosen collaborative interventions for a problem. If a medication is one of Be the Change for the Environment, your collaborative interventions you must identify an appropriate drug that is likely to be/or has been prescribed by the doctor (in the case options some medications have already been prescribed).

You must also consider and discuss the nursing responsibilities associated with the The Family, medication (action, dose, side effects, prevention and management of paulo eleven, same, administration requirements, evaluation). Refer to current academic peer-reviewed journal articles to justify your ideas. Format of Assessment 2. -All questions should be attempted and The Family By Mario Essay examples written in moment, essay format. The Family By Mario Examples. -Margins: 2cm on 4 sides; line spacing: at least 1.5; Font size: 12. -Adherence to the stated word limit is required. -QUT APA referencing style. -A full reference list is required at The Causes Essays the end of the assignment. List of problems and interventions for Essay Case Option 2 the adult case. Problem 1: Ineffective Airway Clearance.

Auscultate breath sounds. The nurse should note adventitious breath sounds such as crackles, wheezes and rhonchi. Rationale for The Family Puzo, this intervention: some level of bronchospasm is present with obstructions within the airway and might or might not be manifested with adventitious sounds (Avsar, 2011). Evaluate or monitor the respiratory rate. The nurse should note the inspiratory/expiratory ratio. Rationale for this intervention: Tachypnia is commonly present to some extent and might be pronounced on admission or during stress or concurrent acute infectious process. Be The For The Environment. Reduce environmental pollution, for instance by Puzo -Reshma, minimizing smoke and dust. Rationale. Dust and smoke are precipitators of allergic type respiratory reactions that could aggravate or set off onset of acute episode (Vijayan, 2013).

Problem 2: Impaired Gas Exchange. Evaluate respiratory depth and disadvantages of taking online rate. By Mario -Reshma. The nurse should note the use of accessory muscles, inability to converse or speak, and pursed-lip breathing. Rationale: this intervention is important in assessing the extent of respiratory distress and/or chronicity of the illness process (Stone et al., 2014). Elevate head of the bed, and of taking classes the nurse should help the patient to assume a position that makes breathing easy. The Family Puzo Essay. Rationale: delivery of oxygen might be improved through upright position, and breathing exercises to martha's vineyard, decrease the collapse of the airway, the work of breathing, and dyspnea (Johnston et al., 2011). Problem 3: Imbalanced Nutrition. The patient should be encouraged by the nurse to rest for a duration of 1 hour before and after meals. Give frequent small feedings.

Rationale: this will hel.

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Essay: Social networking and recruitment. Recent research by The American Society for Training #038; Development states that Social Networking Sites (henceforward ‘SNS’) like LinkedIn, Twitter or Facebook have officially surpassed the The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay, online job boards as the disadvantages of taking classes, preferred way of acquiring talent. It states that recruiters and companies are increasingly using SNSs to find new employees (ASTD, 2011). Another study done by Jobvite among more than 800 HR professionals concludes that almost 60% plan to increase their budgets for social recruiting while only 16% plan to spend more on The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma, job boards (Jobvite, 2011). Martha's? Nearly two-thirds of employees surveyed have successfully recruited employees through social networks, with 64% stating that they made successful hires through SNS in 2011 compared to 58% in 2010 (Ibid.). According to Dan Finnigan (the CEO of Jobvite) the fastest growing companies increasingly use the publicly available profiles on LinkedIn, Facebook and Twitter to develop valuable talent pools for -Reshma Essay new hires (Jobvite, 2011). Furthermore, according to decouple definition Shelley Gorman (director of career management at the UNC-Kenan-Flager Business School) using social media for recruiting purposes is very effective for a number of reasons: it expands the applicant pool, allows employers to reach international candidates, and the technology is extremely cost-effective (Gorman, 2011). By Mario -Reshma Examples? Based on these figures and statements it seems to be of utmost importance to raise one’s profile on the Internet as well as proactively manage and promote it when looking for a new position. Socrates stated around 2400 years ago: ‘the way to gain a good reputation is to endeavour to be what you desire to appear’ (Karaduman, 2013: 1).

With this he highlights the importance of disadvantages, a concept contemporarily called ‘personal branding’. The Family -Reshma Essay Examples? This is the process whereby people in decouple, general are marked as brands; these personal brands are different from for instance their reputation and impression (Karaduman, 2013; Seidman, 2012; Labrecque, 2011.). Every single person is unique in its own way, each with its own physical characteristics, skills, experiences and education thus every single person may use these properties to create his own unique personal brand. However, a brand is only of use if it is visible to others; making the brand known through decent and The Family -Reshma examples proactive management and Be the Environment an effective promotion is therefore essential (Karaduman, 2013; Dutta, 2010.). Through its ideological and technological structure, SNSs allow people to promote themselves as brands in a relatively cheap and efficient way (Kietzman et al, 2011). They facilitate the creation of personal profiles containing information, including one’s professional background.

According to the literature, credibility plays a crucial role in corporate branding; this may also be the case with personal branding (Erdem #038; Swait, 2004; Baek et. al., 2010). It positively affects the purchase intention of the The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma, consumer through a higher perceived quality, a saving of information costs and labov martha's vineyard a reduction of perceived risk (Erdem #038; Swait, 1998; Baek et. al., 2010). Traditionally, mainly professional knowledge workers such as publishers, editors, reviewers, news reporters and librarians have maintained the credibility of information (Rieh #038; Danielson, 2007). Nowadays, the online web 2.0 era offers a vast amount of information assessed through a wide variety of systems and resources, this information has a high chance of being incomplete, out of date, inaccurate or simply poorly organized (Janes #038; Rosenfeld, 1996). With the The Family By Mario Puzo Essay, emergence of the Internet, web credibility is becoming increasingly important (Flanagin #038; Metzger, 2000; Fog et. al., 2001). Although a research field has been developed on online credibility on the corporate level, there has been very limited research on how credibility of personal online social media profiles affects the screening process in recruitment, while it is well possible that credibility plays a major role when recruiters are screening social media profiles. Thus, the vineyard, challenge offered by -Reshma examples, the use of these profiles is to establish how well they provide trustworthy and valid, job-relevant information. For The? Screening information of a potential candidate’s online personal brand is The Family Puzo Essay, becoming an issue for recruiters as the Be the for the Essays, information displayed has a high chance of being less credible.

In this research thesis the concept of credibility will be researched in two principal domains: source credibility and medium credibility. The source and medium credibility are the main factors recruiters keep in mind when reviewing candidates (Allgeier, 2009). In conclusion this thesis will focus on how recruiters screen the background of potential jobseekers through social media, considering that companies are using social media as the main source for The Family Puzo Essay the screening procedure to an even greater extend (Davison, 2011; Kaplan #038; Haenlein, 2010; Wright 2011). As a result the research aims to address the disadvantages of taking classes, following research question: How does online personal credibility influence the By Mario Puzo, screening process in recruitment and what factors contribute to this credibility? To answer the research question four sub-questions were established. Research has shown that in many situations a credible source is much more effective than a less credible source in War One, gaining attention and enhancing recall (Sternthal et al, 1978). Thus, people and companies often spend considerable time or resources to create the most positive and powerful impact on the effectiveness of their brand message therefore the second sub-question will focus on: a) How does online source credibility influence the screening process? Furthermore, A web-users’ first task is to rate the credibility of the medium based on surface characteristics such as usability, appearance, organization of By Mario -Reshma, information, interface design (Wathen #038; Burkell, 2002), so the first sub question is: b) How does online medium credibility influence the screening process?

Third, all information online is not necessarily of equal value, in vineyard, many cases certain information is thought to The Family Puzo examples be more trustworthy or better than other information (Hilligoss #038; Rieh, 2008). The challenge that recruiters face is how to judge which information is credible and which is not: c) What criteria do recruiters employ to assess the credibility of coelho minutes, recruiter’s online information? Lastly, The web has a fundamental and important influence on recruitment procedures, however it is relatively new (Davison, 2011). Offline procedures are definitely not out-dated (Ibid.), therefore it is important to research the differences between online and offline procedures: d) How do these criteria differ from offline criteria? The remainder of this paper is organized as follows. Section 2 describes the different aspects we need to By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay examples understand in order to answer the research questions. Machiavellian Moment? Previous research will be used that has been implemented on: social media, screening processes in recruitment, challenges of using social networking sites in recruitment, communication and credibility, source credibility and medium credibility.

Section 3 describes the The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay, research method and participants used in this study. In section 4, an extensive analysis of the evidence found. Section 5 concludes and contains propositions. In section 6 the paulo coelho eleven, practical and theoretical contributions are outlined and section 7 contains any limitations of the The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay, study, which lead to further research recommendations. 2. Literature review. 2.1 Social Media. The Internet has become the most essential component in the navigation of everyday normal life (Amichai-Hamburger #038; Vinitzky, 2010). Internet influences all aspects of War One, human behaviour from the way people interact or spend their leisure time to the way in which corporations operate. (Hughes, 2012). The Family Essay Examples? Via the Internet, huge amounts of information are being disseminated to worldwide audiences in minutes, an instant, while the web offers an arena for public and social interaction as well. At the ground of online information transfer and social interaction lies the most popular and fastest growing type of Internet site: Social media (Nielsen-Wire, 2010). The Family Essay Examples? Social media is defined as collaborative online applications and technologies that enable connectivity, participation, sharing of information, user-generated content, and collaboration amongst community of machiavellian, users (Henderson #038; Bowley, 2010).

These include social networking sites, wikis, blogs, podcasts, vidcasts, vlogs, mashups, folksonomies and online virtual worlds (Henderson #038; Bowley, 2010). In this research we will mainly focus on Puzo -Reshma examples, the use of of taking online classes, social networking sites for -Reshma examples recruitment purposes because a SNS has the premise that individuals mainly use it to strengthen existing social relationships or use it as a social networking tool either for personal or professional purposes (Ellison et al, 2007; Johnstone et al, 2008). 2.2 Social Networking Sites. SNSs can be defined as a group of definition, Internet-based applications that build on the ideological and technological foundations of Web 2.0, and that allow the creation and exchange of user-generated content (Kaplan #038; Haenlein, 2010). They are virtual collections of user-profiles, which may be shared with other people. The Internet provides numerous communication platforms at The Family By Mario -Reshma Essay examples which people can meet and War One Essays interact with each other (Malita et al, 2010). The Family By Mario -Reshma? These platforms in general focus on building online communities of people who share activities and/or interests. These services consist of the representation of a user, often in the form of for the, a profile (ibid.) and offer various ways for users to The Family By Mario -Reshma interact over the Internet through text, photo or video messaging (Kaplan #038; Haenlein, 2010). Minutes? An important note to make is that users can control access to their personal information, through privacy settings. However research done by Dwyer et al (2007) shows that users are not exercising their right to privacy, with 100 % of participants to a survey reveal their real name on Facebook online. The social networking tool refers to The Family By Mario -Reshma examples the possibility of connections between strangers as well as those who already have had a relationship with each other and allows SNS to be defined specifically as sites for networking and connecting with people (Beer, 2008).

With the rise of SNSs, the amount of personal data such as employment history, interests and coelho education are online available for -Reshma Essay all to see. This gives recruiters a greater insight into Be the for the Environment, the candidate’s skills and personality and many potential employees may find themselves being contacted proactively through SNSs for job opportunities they were not aware of because their profile matched a recruiter’s search on a SNS (Doherty, 2010). By Mario Puzo -Reshma? This way SNSs are becoming an essential tool for companies that try to interact with passive candidates, who are employed not actively looking for a new opportunity (ibid.). Online? It might be the case that these prospective employees do not have an updated CV because they have been working for the same company for several years, however they do have extensive information stored on SNSs that can be found and The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma used for human resource purposes. According to Change the research done by SNSs are used in The Family Puzo examples, the full recruitment process in Change Essays, many ways, but they are mostly used for: attracting potential applicants by creating and displaying the employer brand, finding suitable potential employees through direct search, searching for The Family Puzo examples more background information on prospective employees, and posting jobs in social network communities (Stepstone, 2013).

Another research stated that the most important usages of social media in the recruitment process were applicants researching organizations by searching their social media pages, locating job postings on SNS and the search on SNS by HR professionals to gather information about applicants (Davison, 2011). 2.3 Prospective employees and Social Media. In this study the screening process refers to all existing profiles of job seeking candidates that have been uncovered during either online or offline searches and that fit the martha's, position to be filled with regard to The Family Puzo Essay experience, education, background etcetera. Labov Martha's? After all it is the recruiter’s task to screen the background of the potential candidates and establish his or her fit for the position and By Mario Puzo examples company. During the recruitment process, organizations might request references from the job seeker (Foote #038; Robinson, 1999). However with the existence of SNS, people’s lives and professional profiles are publicly available and more easily accessible.

Employers or recruiters that check applicants’ profiles gain different information than they collect from offline information like CVs (Breaugh #038; Stark, 2000). This might lead to a positive effect on the hiring decision but can also lead to labov martha's rejection of the candidate (Stepstone, 2013). In 2008 it was discovered that 13% of companies used SNS for screening, 18% was planning to By Mario -Reshma Essay examples do so (SHRM, 2008). In 2013 a research concluded that 73% of companies were using SNS to eleven check candidates (Stepstone, 2013). A survey done by Jobvite (2012) found that for organisations engaged in -Reshma, the practice of paulo coelho, using social media to screen job applicants the most important factor for using SNS was obtaining information beyond what was stated in a cover letter or CV (70% of participants of survey). At the same time however, 48% of the participants were worried about not being able to verify the information obtained. Davison et al. (2011) in this context confirm that the information potential candidates choose to share on SNSs can be edited or be one-sided to make their profile more attractive.

This means that it may not be possible to verify if the Essay examples, information obtained is accurate. Two thirds of Be the Environment, job seekers are aware of the fact that random people are able to check their profile (Stepstone, 2013). These job seekers know that the By Mario examples, information on their profile(s) can have an impact on their hiring chances, and a third of the job seekers modify their profile to raise their chances. Whether social media profiles improve the chances to be hired of the War One Essays, applicants to be hired remains to be seen. The survey revealed that the The Family By Mario Puzo, information retrieved from social media profiles had a positive influence on decouple, the hiring decision in almost half of the cases (Stepstone, 2013). In a quarter of the Puzo examples, cases the information led to a rejection of the applicant. The same survey concluded that the martha's, most positive influence of social media information on examples, the hiring decision was that the profile supported professional qualifications. The publication of inappropriate pictures was found to be the most negative influence. See figure 1 for a complete overview of the influences of social media on the hiring decision. Figure 1, influence of social media on hiring decisions (Stepstone, 2013)

Using SNS for HR decisions has become a common practice (Davison et. al., 2011). However, using SNS for the screening process of potential employees is relatively new. A study in 2008 revealed that 34% of organizations were using SNS to recruit or contact potential applicants and 19% were planning to online use them (SHRM, 2008). In 2011 a research showed that 49% of Puzo Essay examples, French recruiters were now using social media to recruit (Regionsjob, 2011). Another, more recent global study from 2012 revealed that 92% of employers were using or planning to use social media as a recruitment tool (Jobvite, 2012). Despite a fast rise, the candidate volume generated by social media is lower than other channels such as job boards, agencies, print media, and internal sources (TNS, 2013).

Professional networks such as LinkedIn are said to be the type of social media most commonly used for recruitment purposes (Stepstone, 2013). In 2013, 64% of companies were using LinkedIn to find new talent, making it the most popular SNS for recruitment purposes (Stepstone, 2013; Broughton #038; Foley, 2013). 41% uses Facebook and 29% are using Twitter for finding future employees. Furthermore, 73% of hires via SNS came from LinkedIn, 20% from paulo eleven minutes Facebook and 7% from Twitter. See figure 2 for the application volumes per recruitment channel and the satisfaction rate. Figure 2, application volumes per recruitment channel and satisfaction rate (Stepstone, 2013) Thus, Companies are increasingly reaching out to socially connected job seekers (TNS, 2013). Social media presents an opportunity for extra reach for Puzo Essay examples both the organization as well as the job seeker. Whenever there is a job opening, it’s most effective to use as many channels as possible to make the most out of the recruitment campaign (Kaplan #038; Haenlein, 2010).

Adopting a multichannel approach is successful, so companies should not hesitate to use Facebook or Twitter to entice more potential employees towards online job postings next to Essays the more traditional media like newspaper adverts (TNS, 2013). However searching online offers numerous challenges to keep in mind for The Family a recruiter. In the next part we will go deeper into this issue. 2.4 Challenges in recruitment through social media. While there are many advantages of the concept of recruitment using SNSs, it is also important to consider the paulo eleven minutes, challenges. The recruitment specialist may want to develop and use various tools and The Family By Mario Puzo Essay instruments to decouple definition screen different potential candidates for a vacancy. The main encounter when using these tools is the credibility of information displayed by Puzo Essay, a candidate. Of World War One? The relative newness of Internet with its scarcity of explicit editorial policies and its information overload may suggest that information collected through the Internet might be dubious or difficult to Puzo appraise. We will go deeper into this issue later on in the research.

Furthermore, SNSs should not be used as a sole mean for recruitment, because despite their popularity, there are still people who do not use it (Doherty, 2010). Machiavellian Moment? Recruiters should therefore be careful in neglecting these people and having the The Family -Reshma Essay, risk of Change for the Essays, missing out on The Family examples, great talent. In addition, SNSs have transformed how we communicate and paulo coelho minutes as these tools become regular for professional purposes, the boundaries between private and professional information are blurred, raising moral and The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay examples ethical questions (ibid.). Organizations must be very careful when using public, non-professional information to support a neglecting decision. Since the arrival of SNSs many organizations have treated them with suspicion and of taking classes often made it the responsibility of the human resource department to police its use internally (Doherty, 2010). The Family -Reshma Essay Examples? However organizations are now embracing SNS with open arms as a way to attract and retain employees.

As said before, this leads to a lot of organizations creating presences on LinkedIn, Twitter and paulo coelho minutes Facbook in The Family Puzo, order to engage with candidates and definition give them the opportunity to interact with them on a more informal basis. The use of SNSs in recruitment is a very active and The Family By Mario Puzo examples fast-moving domain. Thus, what may be up-to-date today could have disappeared from the virtual landscape tomorrow. Disadvantages Of Taking? Therefore it is crucial for recruitment firms to The Family -Reshma Essay examples create a set of guidelines that can be applied to any form of decouple definition, SNS in the recruitment or screening process. Currently there are maybe hundreds of By Mario Puzo Essay examples, different Social Media applications including new ones appearing every single day (Kaeplan #038; Haenlein, 2010). As a recruitment agency it is simply impossible to Be the Change for the participate in all of them. Choosing the right medium for the given purpose depends on the message being communicated and on the target group to be reached (Ibid). Each social media application usually might attract a certain group of people and the organizations should be active wherever their target group is active. For instance, if the main target of recruiter for Essay examples a certain vacancy is a maritime specialist in Germany, it is most effective to use the SNS that offers these specialists. Another challenge in using SNSs for recruitment purposes is relying on different applications in order to create the machiavellian moment, most complete picture of a candidate (Kapenlan #038; Haenlein, 2010). In this case it is important to ensure that the information is aligned with each other.

A recruiter might use different SNSs to create an extensive profile. This may seem as a worthwhile and profitable strategy, but the The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay, goal of recruitment is the resolution of ambiguity and reduction of uncertainty (ibid.), and contradicting messages may create confusion. 2.5 Personal branding. As stated before, although primarily designed for socialising with friends and family, Social Networking Sites are increasingly recognized as an of World War One, important professional tool, particularly in the field of recruitment (Girard et al, 2014; Karaduman, 2013). They seem to serve two main purposes. -Reshma Examples? Firstly, they function as a marketing instrument (Sivertzen et al, 2013). Essays? Jobseekers use these networks to market themselves to potential employers and vice versa. Secondly, they serve as a screening mechanism for employers; the By Mario Puzo Essay, latter may use information available on the web to cheaply and easily gain a more detailed image of paulo coelho eleven minutes, a potential employee than is The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma, available through traditional recruitment methods (Labrecque, 2010).

In both cases personal branding is key, as it determines whether the created image is perceived as positive or negative by a recruiter. Personal branding is a new marketing concept related to a marketing strategy that a person adopts in The Causes of World War One, order to promote him or herself in By Mario -Reshma Essay, a market. Personal branding has achieved huge popularity in the last decade due to the rising number of books, web sites, magazines, training programs and disadvantages of taking classes specialized literature about By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay, how exactly to brand oneself for success in the business world (Montoya, 2002; Arruda #038; Dixson, 2007). Coelho? The key premise of personal branding is Puzo examples, that anyone can be considered as a brand, and everyone has a personal brand regardless of its age, position or industry he or she works in (Peters, 1997). Shephard (2005) defines personal branding as activities undertaken by individuals to paulo minutes make themselves known in the marketplace. Hughes (2007) simply equates people to goods or services and states that the American Marketing Association definition of a brand should simply be extended to include people. Most people are not aware of their personal brand and do not manage it strategically, consistently, and effectively (Ramparsad, 2009). However personal branding becomes a very important marketing tool for people and it has accelerated in -Reshma Essay, SNSs (Shepherd, 2005).

The rise of SNS has formed a need for a deeper analysis of building personal brands not just for social but as well as for for the Environment professional purposes. The emergence of the web 2.0 with social media such as Google, Facebook, Linkedin and Twitter made it virtually impossible for anyone to keep from creating a personal brand, whether they give permission or not (Vaselou #038; Joinson, 2009; Labrecque et al, 2011). Individuals not aware in the discipline of marketing might often participate in the act of marketing (either positive or negative) without them knowing to do so. Establishing a unique personal brand by developing an Puzo, active communication of one’s brand and by evaluating its impact on ones image and reputation to fulfil professional objectives is what we discuss in martha's vineyard, this research paper. Puzo Essay Examples? This process involves three phases just like any other (corporate) brand, the first phase is to War One Essays establish a brand identity, the second is to develop the brand’s positioning and the third is to evaluate the brand’s image (Khedher, 2014). Personal brand identity starts with establishing an inventory of attributes, beliefs, motives, values, and experiences in terms of which people define themselves in a role (Mcnally #038; Speak, 2002). The Family Essay? People creating personal brands should differentiate themselves to stand out from a crowd while fitting expectations and needs of decouple definition, their target market (ibid.) this especially is a crucial part in this study as differentiating your personal brand in The Family Puzo Essay examples, the employment market is crucial to get hired by an employer. Personal brand positioning refers to Be the the active marketing communications of a brand identity to a specific target market.

People should use brand positioning to highlight their best attributes that are value to their target audience while differentiating themselves from other people in the same marketplace (Khedher, 2014). By Mario Puzo -Reshma? In other words the decouple, positioning occurs through the self presentation, nonverbal cues, verbal disclosures, and By Mario Essay examples actions to online shape the perception of others’ about your competence, character and ability to meet the standards (Roberts, 2005). Personal brand assessment is about taking control of someone’s own image and like a corporate brand it is established to achieve results. People who construct viable professional images are mostly perceived as being capable of meeting any goals. The basic objective of The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, this assessment is to determine whether the branding efforts has achieved the branding goals and met personal or in this case professional goals. In conclusion in personal brands, might lead to financial success and economic profitability as it offers people a way to of World theorize and negotiate in the employment landscape (Lair et al, 2005). People are able to position themselves as brands to compete against others for similar employment opportunities.

Branded people might this way maximize their own employability and thus eventually increase their lifetime earnings (Montaya, 2002). The business world is gradually recognizing the importance of controlling personal brands and examples offering strategic advice about how one can project a desired brand identity through the use of different social media (Labercque et al. 2011; Safko #038; Brake 2009; Schwabel 2009). However, despite the significance of branding and Environment Essays the high acceptance rate of social media, very few specific, empirical studies have dealt with these issues (Karaduman, 2013). Using SNSs for screening purposes is usually not a formal aspect of the recruitment process (Davison, 2011). By Mario? Due to this apparent lack of literature on what factors influence the success rate of online personal brands in the job recruiting process, this research will consist of a qualitative exploratory research aiming to understand what elements in general recruiters deem as most important when screening a potential candidate. At the same time however, through this literature review, one factor has been found to be an important decisive factor in the screening process and for the Essays will therefore form the core of the research: ‘credibility’. The following section describes this factor and its role in this research. 2.6 Credibility and Message Communication. To explain the concept of credibility we first need to understand how messages are being created.

Traditionally, a recruitment agency or a human resource department communicates its vacancies and is responsible for finding potential employees. This communication process consists of three main concepts: the By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay, source, the The Causes of World, message and the receiver. In this research the source is referred to as the online personal profile of a potential candidate, and the receiver is referred to as the recruiter. Shannon-Weaver (1948) illustrates this in The Model of Communication (see figure 3). The source needs to deliver a message and Puzo -Reshma examples has to encode it by means of decouple, a format (form, content and channel). When reached by a receiver, the message will be decoded and Puzo interpreted. Whether the coelho, interpreted message is the same as the The Family -Reshma, message sent by the source, depends on how the message is encoded and decoded (Shannon-Weaver, 1948). Figure 3, Model of The Causes of World War One, Communication (Shannon-Weaver, 1948) A medium must be chosen to fit the message that is sent.

When a channel is too rich for The Family Puzo its purpose its use will be inefficient (Daft, Lengel, 1984). Decouple Definition? According to Kaplan and By Mario -Reshma Essay examples Haenlein (2010) SNSs can be seen as medium rich channels in coelho eleven, terms of the Media Richness Theory. In conclusion, it is not needed and moreover not possible to use a rich medium for every message, but a medium should be chosen that fits the message. In this study the medium will be distinguished in offline mediums and By Mario Puzo Essay the different online mediums. The information source in this research is the online personal brand of a potential candidate. The channel is either an decouple definition, online or offline medium. And the receiver is the The Family -Reshma examples, recruiter. We will focus on the perceived credibility of the The Causes, information sent from sender to receiver and what contributes to this credibility.

In the By Mario Essay, following part credibility will be explained thoroughly. Credibility has been defined as trust, believability, reliability, accuracy, objectivity, fairness, and many other concepts (Self, 1996). It also has been defined in terms of features of persuasive sources, characteristics of the message structure and content, and perceptions of media (Metzger et al, 2003). Despite the paulo minutes, fact that communication researchers have been concerned with source credibility since the 1950s, there is still no clear definition of credibility. The main view across definitions is believability (Fogg et al, 2001; Hilligoss #038; Rieh, 2007).

Credible people are believable people, and credible information is believable information (Tseng #038; Fogg, 1999). Most credibility researchers agree that there are at least two key measurements of The Family By Mario Puzo Essay examples, credibility: trustworthiness and expertise. A person who is trustworthy is honest, careful in labov vineyard, choice of words and unwilling to deceive (Wilson, 1983). Information is The Family Puzo Essay examples, trustworthy when it seems to be reliable, unbiased and fair. Expertise is ‘the perceived knowledge, skill, and experience of the source’ (Fogg, 2003). When people find that sources have expertise, they are likely to Be the for the judge that the information is trustworthy and thus, in The Family -Reshma Essay, the case of a recruiting process, an organization is more likely to accept a potential candidate to of taking online classes fill a vacancy. The concept of credibility has been discussed at least since Aristotle’s examination of ethos and his opinions of speakers’ relative skills to persuade listeners (Rieh, 2007). Disciplinary approaches to By Mario -Reshma Essay examples investigate credibility systematically developed in The Causes War One Essays, the last century, starting in the field of (offline) communication. The influence of various characteristics of By Mario -Reshma Essay, a source on a recipient’s message acceptance is an important topic among the study of credibility (Hovland et al, 1953; Rimmer #038; Weaver, 1987). Communication researchers have tended to emphasize on sources and media, seeing credibility as a perceived characteristic.

Credibility has received considerable attention since the last twenty years when the Internet started providing a new information interaction environment that allowed users to seek for information and communicate with others in ways never possible before (Kiousis, 2009). Disadvantages Online Classes? There are many different studies on credibility that are field-specific within communication, psychology, IT, or marketing. Flanagin and Metzger (2003) propose credibility assessment as an iterative process involving one or more ‘credibility judgements’. As an information seeker finds information, a series of judgements are made about the credibility of the information. These judgements are based on various factors that are discussed in depth in the following parts. In summary, the judgements comprise the credibility assessment, which leads to The Family By Mario -Reshma Essay the decision to accept or reject information. In this research thesis the decouple definition, concept of credibility will be researched in two principal domains: source credibility and medium credibility. Source credibility involves examining how different communicator features can influence the managing of a message. The communicator in this study is defined as the individual that portrays its information in online (personal) profiles.

Medium credibility on -Reshma Essay examples, the other hand focuses more on the channel through which content is delivered rather than the dispatcher of that content. 2.6.2 Source credibility. Marketing researchers have found out that the concept of source credibility is a very powerful facility for influencing consumers (Eisend, 2004). Whenever a consumer perceives a source as having the highest credibility compared to other sources, the consumer is much more receptive to messages and is more likely to be persuaded and moment thus has a higher chance to consume. However whereas the concept of source credibility hasn’t changed over time, consumers and consumption behaviour did change during the -Reshma, last decades. The trustworthiness and expertise of Change Environment, a source are envisaged as two central attributes of source credibility (Kiousis, 2009). By Mario Puzo Examples? The source is Change for the Environment, typically defined as an The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, individual that communicates information to the receiver (Kiousis, 2009).

Perceived source credibility has also been defined as ‘the judgements made by decouple, the perceiver’concerning the The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay, believability of a communicator’ (O’Keefe, 1990). Different attributes contribute to the trustworthiness of the sender. For instance expertise, authority or professionalism are indicators for an receiver to Be the Change for the Environment Essays establish the credibility of the Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, message. In addition to these communicator variables the message variables are also found to shape source credibility (Chartprasert, 1993). Complicated message or simplistic writing styles may affect opinions of the source credibility (ibid). Be The Change For The? Credibility appears to be a variable that is The Family -Reshma Essay examples, studied within the Change for the Environment, context of the Puzo -Reshma examples, sender (or communicator), the channel or message itself. From this scarce literature on credibility in the field of machiavellian, Information Technology (IT) we learn that credibility primarily focuses on perceptions of the sources and channels. In this thesis we thus also would specifically like to focus on the potential candidate’s credibility (the source) as well as the online or offline channel being used (medium credibility). The receiver in this case is the recruiter. The perceived source credibility becomes a crucial variable in social media to examine the information available.

This because with the ever growing amount of information available through thousands of new channels, the gatekeeping function seems to shift away from away from the producers of content and it goes onto the consumers of the content (Haas #038; Waerden, 2003). Gatekeeping is the process through which content creators decide which information will be covered and reported; what information is shown to consumers. The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay Examples? Formally the information would be screened by gatekeepers, including journalists and Change Environment editors (Shoemaker #038; Vos, 2009). By Mario Essay? These gatekeepers are seen as an The Causes of World, important part in the process of ensuring credibility and they are likely to The Family Puzo examples be doing so (Reese #038; Ballinger, 2001). However the growth of new (online) media means that information consumers are now less beholden of what passes through these gatekeepers, therefore consumers of this information must become more responsible for making decisions about the credibility of the information online (Westerman, 2010). Paulo? Therefore in The Family By Mario Puzo Essay examples, the new media environments and thus in the field of recruitment the disadvantages of taking classes, gates are now located not only with the Puzo -Reshma Essay, information providers, in this research the potential candidates, but also with information consumers, in this study the decouple, recruiters, who in the new media environment are acting as gatekeepers (Kovach #038; Rosenstiel, 1999). This shift has forced the By Mario Essay examples, information receivers to keep a constant eye at the information and pass and use the information that seems relevant and useful. This can be seen in the environments of SNSs where information is published it is reviewed by other users of the site and may be commented or shared according to The Causes of World its credibility (Westerman, 2010). This is the hallmark of SNSs in The Family By Mario Puzo, general.

According to Sundar (2008): ‘the lack of assurance of any uniformity in content quality, which necessitates a continual monitoring of credibility on the part of users. It is crucial to keep in my mind that credibility is a perception, and thus is for the Environment Essays, not a quality inherent within a channel or source itself, therefore many aspects might impact the perceived credibility of online materials (Fogg #038; Tseng, 1999). In this study we will thus elaborate these aspects of By Mario examples, credibility of online personal brands and its influence on the screening process of recruiters consequently on the potential hiring decision. Part of the source credibility is the issue of Personal Credibility (Henceforward PC). PC is related to bigger, more conceptual questions around the credibility of online information, personal branding and marketing in general. All information recruiters gather about a certain personal profile is not necessarily of equal value.

In many cases, certain info seems to be better, or trustworthier, than other information (Rieh #038; Hilligoss 2007). According to Allgeier (2009) getting people’s confidence that you will do the martha's, right thing is not about creating a ‘slick’ personal brand, however it is about being believable, trustworthy and credible (Baek et al, 2010; Erdem, 2004; Balester, 2011). PC is what we do, in addition to how we do it, that causes people to The Family Puzo -Reshma trust, respect, and believe in definition, us (Allgeier, 2009). Online personal credibility is By Mario Essay, closely related to labov martha's the online credibility of corporate brands, as they are both defined as the The Family By Mario -Reshma Essay, believability of the product or personal profile information embedded in the brand, depending on the consumers’ or recruiter’s perceptions of whether the brand or profile has the ability and willingness to continuously deliver what has been promised (Erdem #038; Swait, 2008; Allgeier, 2009). Coelho? Subsequently, besides the question of By Mario -Reshma Essay examples, how job seekers can create a credible online profile, recruiters face the challenge of judging which information is more credible. We will now go into the other aspect of credibility: the medium credibility. 2.6.3 Medium credibility. Medium credibility focuses on the medium through which the message is delivered e.g. newspaper compared to television (Golan, 2010). The reliance on a medium is positively related to perceptions of coelho, its credibility (Stavrositu #038; Sundar, 2007).

Yet, the growing reliance on the Internet raises concerns about its credibility. Several studies suggest that Internet users are indulging in content verification behaviours and are becoming much more vigilant and Puzo -Reshma examples selective (Flanagin #038; Metzger, 2001). An explanation could be that the general lack of gatekeeping on information on of taking online, the Internet forces frequent users to engage in constant credibility verification (Stavrositu #038; Sundar, 2007). It predicts that the reliance and use of traditional media (print and By Mario television), would predict more accurately the credibility of the Internet (Johnson, 2000). The impact or credibility of a message depends on the particular publication or channel through which it is transmitted (Hovland et al, 1953). Westley and Severin (1964) differentiated the perception of credibility between the media credibility and media preference. In other words recruiters do not always see their most preferred medium (either online or offline) as the most credible one. For them it is more on the channel through which the content is delivered rather than the sender of that content (Abel #038; Wirth, 1977; Gantz, 1981; Newhagen, 1997). Paulo Coelho Eleven Minutes? In this thesis the medium Web credibility will be used in a variety of disciplines. By Mario Essay Examples? This form of credibility needs to be discussed independently from other types of credibility because the conventional methods for Change for the Environment Essays assessing credibility may not be feasible on the Web due to its speed, complex features and link structure it also is the main medium we use for the research as the The Family Essay examples, study focuses on online personal branding. Humans increasingly rely on the Internet and web-based information despite a lot of coelho minutes, evidence that it may potentially be inaccurate and biased (Flanagin #038; Metzger, 2000).

However the The Family Puzo -Reshma examples, Internet differs from other technologies used for information retrieval that may affect the credibility of an information source. The free-flow of information is taking over the Internet where anyone can be an author (ibid). This introduces an increased potential for error or exploitation (Westley #038; Severin, 2004). Editorial review is much less or non-existent in Internet publication compared to of World printed counterparts. Media consumers, in this case recruiters, learn to distinguish through the various sources of online information through the experiences of using them (Flanagin #038; Metzger 2000). Puzo? Over time they become familiar with different information delivery styles of different media; they develop levels of media literacy into the norms of media usage. Recruiters might encounter issues establishing credibility of online personal brands. In this research we will try to establish the Environment, forms of credibility assessment a recruiter has when screening personal profiles. Personal characteristics have been connected to Puzo Essay medium credibility of the reviewer. Melican and Dixon (2008) found that participants who reviewed non-traditional Internet sources as more credible than traditional (offline) sources acquired a higher racism score. The scientists argued that non-traditional Web media offer individuals the opportunity to seek out information that is in line with their own ideologies.

Furthermore, research shows that age affects credibility attitudes. Bucy (2003) stated that younger university students deemed online news more credible than older media consumers. Coelho Minutes? And it suggested that the perceived skill of for instance a journalist is a strong indicator of By Mario -Reshma Essay, credibility of the message. Other research on web credibility concentrates on the specific aspects of different websites. Flanagin and Metzger (2000) studied the credibility of different websites. They suggest that web credibility may be related to different aspects of the sites as the design: ‘It is likely that high perceived credibility would result under situations with well designed, reputable genres of sites, containing highly salient and involving messages.’ They also suggest that different characteristics of a message and the audience might affect the perception of truthfulness. Paulo Coelho Minutes? Furthermore they stated that news websites were considered most credible and personal sites were evaluated as the least credible. In this research the online personal brands will be assessed according to different characteristics to find out which aspects are making a profile more or less credible according to recruitment specialists.

In summary the -Reshma Essay examples, research distinguishes credibility in source or (online) personal credibility and vineyard medium credibility and how this perceived credibility affects the screening process and The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay examples thus eventually the hiring decision. In summary, the modern information technology is beginning to moment have a significant effect on credibility research, because it highpoints the examples, need to re-examine what constitutes a perceived source and blurring the line between traditional concepts such as message, source, receiver and medium (Kiousis, 2009). Credibility is online classes, often attached to objects of assessment as in message credibility, media credibility and source credibility, reflecting the fact that these objects differ (Rieh, 2007). At the The Family -Reshma Essay, same time, however, credibility evaluations of sources and messages are primarily interlinked and influence one another (Slater, Rouner, 1996). As result a theoretical framework is paulo minutes, established; see figure 4. Figure 4, theoretical framework. 3. Research methodology. Due to a lack of existing literature on factors that measure credibility when screening personal profiles, it is impossible and undesirable to ‘test’ certain hypotheses through quantitative research methods (Saunders #038; Lewis, 2012). Instead the By Mario -Reshma Essay, research aims to be explorative so as to gain a detailed understanding of the elements that generate credibility from the perspective of definition, recruitment agents.

Therefore, in this study a qualitative research methodology has been applied. By using a qualitative analysis method with in-depth interviews of recruitment specialists this allows the use of By Mario Puzo Essay examples, a more narrow scope rather than when using a survey design research, which can reach a more broad population. This might be a limitation of the research, nevertheless in this study a qualitative research suits better as the factors of credibility in recruiting are relatively unknown and the factors will need to disadvantages of taking online be revealed and -Reshma examples uncovered by definition, the insights of human resource specialists. It therefore involves face-to-face interviews with company representatives in the areas of personal branding and human resource management with a special focus on credibility perceptions. Together with backgrounds of the organisation, the findings from both the literature review and the interviews have been presented thematically. The ‘sampling frame’ consists of internal and external recruitment agents.

Internal recruitment specialists usually do their candidate searches on By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay, behalf of the company that employs them, while external experts work for an independent recruitment agency that recruits people for an outside organization. The ‘sampling size’ consists of ten participants, five of which internal recruiters and five external recruiters. Furthermore, participants have been evaluated on the base of a diverse scope of fields they recruit for. Refer to Appendix 1 for an overview of interview questions. The research conducts in-depth interviews with each of the participants. These face-to-face or Skype interviews have taken place in December 2014 and of taking online January 2015. The interviews were semi-structured, meaning that a loosely framework of questions is followed, that allows the conversation to be largely directed by the participant, while remaining within the area of the The Family By Mario Puzo examples, research interest. Participants have been asked about Be the Change Essays, their organisation’s use of social media when screening staff with regard to Puzo -Reshma Essay examples the extent and types of social media, their view on effective personal branding strategies as well as their rationale for credibility of moment, information on The Family Puzo, personal brands. Each of the interviews have been transcribed and coded (see appendix 4 and The Causes War One Essays 5), and By Mario Essay the transcriptions will be analysed using ‘thematic analysis’, a common method of data analysis in qualitative research (Bryman, 2012).

The purpose of this method is to War One create a catalogue of the central themes that then helps the researcher to structure the The Family -Reshma Essay examples, data and extract meaningful insights on moment, which theory is based. The selection of particular themes is done through recognising recurring categories that relate to the research focus (i.e. the research question). Puzo -Reshma Essay? We have distilled themes from each of the interviews, which form the factors that constitute to Personal Credibility. Subsequently, we will compare the different interviews and labov vineyard extract ‘meta’ themes that will answer the By Mario Puzo, research question. Finally, based on these conclusions we have formulated propositions as to how job seekers can ‘improve’ their PC in order to be more attractive to recruiters, how recruiters can enhance their screening procedures according to credibility and decouple how SNS’s can improve their sites in order to By Mario examples become more popular for both recruiters and decouple definition jobseekers.

3.1 Interview procedure. The interviews were focused on the recruitment procedure of different recruiters. Over a period of 45 min to an hour the topics on hand were thoroughly explored. While the structure of these interviews varied somewhat according to the answers the interviewee gave, generally the interviews revolved around the following items and By Mario -Reshma examples questions. First of all the participants were asked about their professional background and disadvantages online classes the current recruitment agency they are working regarding its size expressed in the number of employees. Then we would ask about their recruitment procedure from the point of a vacancy to By Mario Essay examples an eventual hiring. Furthermore we would ask about the participant’s SNS usage while performing a recruitment search. Also we were interested in the important factors or characteristics they would screen in order to test the definition, suitability of a potential candidate. In addition during the interview we would go deeper into its credibility assessment of candidates and which factors or characteristics contribute to a candidate’s perceived credibility. Lastly we would ask the The Family Puzo -Reshma, participant to give advice on creating a credible online personal brand. All individuals were contacted via email, and were introduced to the nature of the project and the contribution we felt the individual could make to the study.

Before the start of the Change for the Environment Essays, interview we explained that the material collected would be considered confidential within our research team: the interviewee is only identified by his background information in this research, no personal or company names will be used. Most individuals that were approached were delighted to contribute to the project, many suggesting it to be an important area that needs more investigation and The Family By Mario Puzo examples can be very useful for both jobseekers and recruiters. All the coelho, interviews were tape recorded and eventually transcribed for Essay examples the analysis. Change For The Environment Essays? The researcher produced a list of codes accordingly to The Family By Mario Puzo Essay examples the transcriptions and after representing themes identified in the textual data. A total of The Causes of World, ten individuals participated in the interview. See appendix 2 for a schematic overview of the background per interviewee.

In summary the participants ranged from 26 ‘ 63 years old with a minimum of three years relevant recruitment experience and one participant having 17 years of The Family Puzo, experience. 60% of participants were male with six working at paulo eleven minutes a large organization (more then 51 employees), two working at The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma a medium organization (16-50 employees) and paulo coelho eleven two working at The Family -Reshma Essay a small organization (less then 15 employees). As said before we interviewed five internal recruiters and five external recruiters with a large diversity of levels of recruitment activities on behalf of various industries including NGO’s, IT, commercial, finance, marketing, logistics, industrial, and fashion retail. Machiavellian Moment? Levels of positions recruited for ranged from junior positions with a minimum salary of ‘24.000 per Essay, year to coelho eleven senior executive positions with a maximum salary of ‘220.000 per year. All participants had at least a college (HBO) degree with most of them (eight participants) having at least a bachelor at university level. The Family By Mario -Reshma Essay? The participants showed a large variety concerning their judgement of how credulous the Be the for the, presented information of candidates is, with females being more credulous about candidates whereas males were less trusting to the information received. In addition to the background questions, more general questions regarding SNS use were asked this is displayed in Appendix 3 in schematic form. All participants said they employ one or the other SNS when they are screening a candidate’s profile.

Ranging from one to even ten different SNS’s per candidate. Furthermore all ten interviewees stated that they make use of LinkedIn for screening purposes. The four other most used SNS’s included: Facebook (six participants), Google (seven participants), Twitter (four participants), Monsterboard (three participants). Several participants mentioned infrequent use of other less well-known SNS’s but these were mostly field and location specific. Several common themes emerged from the The Family By Mario, analysis of the participant’s answers concerning their expertise on recruiting and screening candidates on credibility. These themes can be differentiated between 1) source and 2) medium credibility: The themes that submerged within source credibility are: references, the verification of information and decouple definition the identification of The Family examples, profile characteristics.

The themes that submerged within medium credibility are: Online medium features and character, medium utilization and online and offline differences. The findings are presented using quotes of the participants so that their expertise may be heard as well as enabling the readers to determine transferability. See appendix 4 for the schematic overview of the codes and themes. Theme 1: References. References or recommendations are the labov, testimonials of (ex-) employers or (ex-) colleagues that say something about the The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay, potential candidate. These employee or so-called customer reviews were mentioned by all participants as the most important indicator of Be the Change Essays, credibility of the information on either online or offline profiles: ‘The thing that I use most is the references someone can place on By Mario -Reshma examples, LinkedIn.

As you probably know you can get a certain reference or endorser on War One, LinkedIn. For me that is rather important because that shows how a person has worked for or together with another person. -Reshma Essay Examples? That is rather credible for me. On a CV not everyone puts the references on it, they mostly say: references upon request. But on decouple, their LinkedIn profile you can see it instantly.’ (Participant 1) These recommendations truly show the professionalism of The Family -Reshma Essay examples, a person and may display any skills or talents that is definition, important when building a credible personal brand.

However, according to the participants in this research’, merely focusing on what is said in these references is Puzo examples, not enough. They stated that the relationship between the candidate and referral is of high importance as well. The authority the referral has or had over the employee is crucial. A ‘simple’ colleague, friend, or acquaintance does not always indicate truthful information because it could have been a friendly deed to write something kind about the person in paulo eleven minutes, question. Yet, a person with authority or a status creates a more credible opinion on the information: ‘Most important is the relation between the referral and the potential candidate. Did they work together and what is the authority of this other person.’ (Participant 2) Furthermore, LinkedIn provides the option to The Family By Mario Puzo give endorsements rather than references in full text form.

These so-called endorsers are a set of skills or expertise that are automatically made based on your past experiences and education. Other people in of World Essays, your network may provide these endorsers to you just by clicking on the skills. These will then be displayed on your profile for everyone to see. According to The Family By Mario Essay four participants these endorsements (participant 2, 4, 5, 7) do not count as heavy as the recommendations as it is much less personal and anyone can give you these skills just by a mouse click without even having to know you: ‘Endorsements are not very important to machiavellian me, because I get endorsed by people who I did not even speak to. The Family -Reshma Examples? So these to me are not good indicators to assess a person.’ (Participant 4) Lastly, all participants in definition, this study stated that they usually check on references by The Family, calling a former company or school either with or without the decouple definition, candidate’s consent. Company policies of two of the participants demand that recruiters need an The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, ‘OK’ from the Change for the Environment Essays, candidate in order to contact a former employer, other participants’ policies are less demanding with the recruiters being allowed to contact whoever they want. Yet, giving negative feedback about The Family -Reshma examples, a former employee is prohibited in The Netherlands thus the information given might be of less quality. Still all participants stated they could easily find out if a candidate has something to hide about his former employment: ‘We are not allowed to find references and contact them ourselves, we need approval of the candidate. The company cannot give me negative feedback about the machiavellian, candidate but on the other side if I ask if he or she would hire the same person again and the reference says no, I know enough.’ (Participant 7) Theme 2: Verification of information.

Apart from the various activities involved in the identification of jobseekers and thus attracting potential candidates, the screening of the The Family -Reshma Essay, background of labov martha's, a jobseeker on the different information mediums is the most important task of a recruiter. Other than education, working experiences, certain skills or expertise that need to match with a job-position, the credibility of the information supplied is an important indicator to establish suitability of Essay examples, a candidate. One of the vineyard, most frequent mentioned returning statements specified by the participants is the verification of a candidate’s information by asking face-to-face (or through phone) about The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay, their background valuations, rather then only examining through a (online) profile. Labov? With this approach the recruiter can immediately establish if the candidate is The Family By Mario -Reshma Essay, detailed enough about its sincerity of the of World, information provided. In some cases candidates do not show an adequate online information picture, thus by asking the candidate it may be clarified: ‘I ask very detailed questions face-to-face where I need examples of The Family By Mario Puzo Essay, everything a person did.’ (Participant 7) Alternative verification mechanisms were mentioned by definition, half of the The Family Essay examples, participants (Participants: 1, 7, 8, 9, 10): i.e. comparing between online and minutes offline information as well as checking offline information against different other online mediums. Collecting as much as possible details about a candidate, either online or offline is the most effective mode of operation. By comparing all this information, the recruiter may establish its degree of truthfulness; if certain parts do not match this may create suspicion that may lead to further checking and possibly the candidate’s rejection: ‘In my opinion the online and The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay examples offline information should be combined as thorough as possible to create a complete profile of a candidate.’ (Participant 1)

The online screening procedure of a candidate is usually initiated by typing a person’s name into the Google search bar (Participants: 1, 5, 6, 9): ‘I do always type in their name into Google. To see what pops up.’ (Participant 5) Theme 3: Identification of profile characteristics. The third theme that emerged from the interviews is the process of creating a synopsis of a candidate’s online profile. Relevant profile characteristics that were mentioned more than once by different participants are outlined in the next section.

Five subthemes are important for the assessment of a credible profile according to the participants. Subtheme 1: Expertise of a candidate. Firstly, the candidate’s expertise is of crucial importance for decouple establishing the suitability of a candidate for a particular position. All participants mentioned to be looking at education, past working experiences, and other skills that may enhance the candidate’s fittingness with a position. One participant (participant: 9) indicated that the more expertise a person has in a certain field, the more credible its profile is perceived: ‘In addition, candidates that are incredibly experienced in their field usually are more credible about the information they give; it is not worth to them to be untruthful about certain experiences.’ (Participant 9) Subtheme 2: Physical image of a candidate. As said before, all information displayed in The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, a profile is highly relevant to recruiters in coelho minutes, order to get a realistic idea of whom they are dealing with.

To this purpose any source can be worthwhile, whether online or offline. In order to get a candidate’s complete overview, almost all participants (Participants: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10) stated that they value online access to physical images of candidates. However this is not necessarily an indication that presentation of a natural and sincere picture leads to a higher perceived credibility of the person. Puzo? From the research we cannot conclude what recruiters consider as a ‘credible’ picture, but they did state that displaying professionalism, representativeness and friendliness are most effective in a picture: ‘The picture is important to me. For instance for one of our brands’ the image of a person is very important. Disadvantages Online? Someone needs to Puzo -Reshma Essay examples look representative for labov martha's vineyard the company. He or she needs to The Family By Mario Essay look well taken care of as this is one of the machiavellian, job specifications in the store.’ (Participant 7) Subtheme 3: Size of a candidate’s network and connections. Several participants (Participants: 3, 4, 5, 6, 8) mentioned the relevance of the amount of connections and network size, this being an important characteristic to look for.

According to these participants it may reveal positive or negative traits of the candidate’s personality. Having lots of connections may imply you are dealing with a sociable person or somebody who is By Mario Puzo Essay, highly valued in disadvantages of taking classes, his (professional) environment. One participant stated however that having an excessive amount of connections (say, one thousand or more) might indicate untruthfulness because it is hard to believe that someone can know so many people. Nonetheless, all participants stated they would never only By Mario -Reshma Essay, base their opinion on the sole characteristic of a network size or an amount of connections. Still, two participants (participants: 3, 4) did state that having a lot of coelho eleven, connections (say, more than 500) does indicate a higher credibility of the information presented. After all, all of these relations might be accessible sources for the verification of the information posted. So, this can be a barrier for a candidate to post untruthful material: ‘What I forgot to mention before in online profiles is the amount of connections, the more connections someone has the more credible the information displayed seems to be. By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay? Because these connections can verify the information posted online. Machiavellian? If something is not right I assume someone will make a note of that.’ (Participant 5)

Subtheme 4: Candidate’s online participation of groups and By Mario examples associations. This item follows the definition, findings of the foregoing subtheme: the By Mario, majority of the participating recruiters (Participants: 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9) stated to wanting to know what online groups the candidate is associated with. It demonstrates the interest in the specific field or industry a candidate operates in. According to two participants (Participant: 5, 7), presenting online interest in a particular field by participating and associating with a group in this field, is an important indicator of information credibility: ‘I do always have a quick look to the groups or companies a candidate likes. Because this shows how serious you take your field or industry.’ (Participant 5) Subtheme 5: Detailed and machiavellian thorough profile. All participants attach great importance to -Reshma Essay the applicant presenting an immaculate, complete, correct and detailed profile whether online or offline. The participants expect dates, past positions, education, degrees, etcetera be outlined correctly and thoroughly. Any flaws, mistakes or omissions may lead to suspicion and The Causes consequently to a rejection. Therefore the applicant should always make sure the The Family By Mario Essay, information is very detailed and vineyard well taken care off to avoid any mistrust: ‘Undetailed information is a main indicator of less credible information. No dates or no names can be seen as not trustworthy and I always investigate further.’ (Participant: 7)

In order to improve its chances to enter the screening process of Puzo -Reshma Essay, a potential employer, or in labov, this study a recruiter, the applicant is to present himself as if selling its own, personal brand. The Family By Mario Puzo Examples? A clear, immaculate, self-written summary is a characteristic the recruiter will evaluate with preference. The Causes Of World War One Essays? It expresses how the candidate sees himself and it may indicate professionalism and likeability, which will contribute to the credibility of the information posted. Several participants (participants: 5, 6, 7, 9) stated that in this respect originality is an effective tool as well. Recruitment experts review dozens of profiles each day and therefore a more creative and inventive presentation may attract special attention. One participant mentioned a video pitch of someone as an example that he remembered: ‘Ideally, there is a video-style pitch and many references to contacts and links.’ (Participant 9) Furthermore, some participants (Participants: 2, 3, 4, 10) liked to see precise details of the candidate’s past working experiences. They mentioned achievements, successes or certain (e.g. By Mario Puzo Essay Examples? sales) targets realised as useful information, which thus raises the chances of being selected. Such detailed information contributes to a higher perception of of taking online, credibility of the presented info as well: ‘Picture is very important, a summary of The Family By Mario -Reshma, themselves what they do. What I also really like is the job description of the previous employer in a summary and shows the disadvantages of taking classes, things you achieved so for instance the The Family By Mario -Reshma Essay, targets and of taking online classes accomplishments someone made with these projects.

It gives a better insight in a person.’ (Participant 4) 4.2.2 Medium credibility. Theme 1: Character of medium, personal / professional. Social Networking Sites differ in The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, the information displayed and serve different purposes. According to the participants, SNSs like LinkedIn or Monsterboard focus on Be the Change for the Environment Essays, more professional targets while Facebook or Twitter are seen as more personal and private mediums. Thus, the various online media differ in their goals and are used accordingly by candidates as well as recruiters.

An important issue many recruiters in this research are facing is the use of personal (or even private) information on SNSs, like Facebook. By Mario Puzo -Reshma? Its use might be considered to paulo coelho eleven be unethical or even morally improper. LinkedIn is meant for professional purposes, like job opportunities or widening your professional network while Facebook is more informal meant for connecting to friends and family and sharing daily-life information. With the easily accessible and ever growing (private) information available on online networks this has become a useful instrument for a recruiter to screen a candidate on a more private scale. This option is relatively new for recruiters but does create major moral and ethical issues. Participants’ opinions on The Family By Mario, making use of private information of potential candidates were widespread. Decouple? Three participants (Participants: 2, 5, 6) stated that using private information for creating a more complete image of The Family -Reshma examples, a candidate is machiavellian moment, definitely not an honest or morally correct way of recruiting. They said that such practices should be avoided. A candidate’s private information should remain untouched: ‘Facebook is really private and stuff you put on By Mario Puzo, there should not be used in any recruitment company. I don’t care what people do in their private life. It is not some hint that is related to paulo their job, the things that you really need you can find on CV or other professional networks that are made for recruitment possibilities, Here you can read things about The Family By Mario -Reshma Essay examples, their professional career or their voluntary work, internships or work and travel etc.

What you see on Facebook is absolutely not related to their job. And whatever is not related to the job is not important.’ (Participant 2) In one case the participant (Participant: 2) pointed at the juridical aspects of using private information for the purpose of deciding the suitability of paulo coelho, a candidate. The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay Examples? He remarked that it is illegal to employ this kind of info, such as photographs, pictures and online private conversations: ‘You are a very bad recruiter if you do that, because it is even illegal when you are looking at this or even taking this kind of information in consideration. It’s public in the sense you can look into that, but it is very unprofessional using this information for recruitment purposes. As a candidate you can go to the court and The Causes of World War One Essays request the reasons why you are not recruited, if the company does not have sufficient reasons for rejecting a candidate it may cause problems for the company.’ (Participant 2) However, other participants (Participants: 1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10) in By Mario Puzo -Reshma examples, this study did indicate the great importance of using info posted on the more private social networks. In their opinion this allows them to get a more reliable overall picture of a candidate and therefore it contributes to the process of creating credible candidate profiles. One participant mentioned the emergence of a saturated job market causing enormous competition among jobseekers. Nowadays, you really need to stand out: one master degree does not suffice; you had better do a second or show a more than excellent track record and so on. The job market suffers from an on-going inflation of Excellences; from moment a continuous rising of the Puzo -Reshma, bids.

Therefore, looking further than the traditional information given by candidates, recruitment decisions become more reliable when also based on The Causes of World War One, the more personal background material: ‘It is important to combine the CV with the personal background of a person in order to get the best idea of a potential employee. Hard skills are easy to find, you have them on your resume and The Family By Mario Puzo examples sum them up. But it is much more important for a company to decouple see what kind of person they are bringing in. They are interested in Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, the personality of someone. These characteristics cannot be found on a CV because the resume is rather short. Everyone tries to fit everything in War One Essays, 1 or 2 pages because it is The Family By Mario, impossible to have like a 5 page resume.’ (Participant 1) Theme 2: Medium utilization.

Screening features or search options offered by paulo coelho eleven, various mediums differ a lot. All participants stated LinkedIn as the user-friendliest tool for searching and screening purposes. It offers extensive search functions and even provides a special (paid) recruiters-account that gives recruiters the opportunity to find and The Family By Mario -Reshma contact anyone that has a profile. With the nonpaid LinkedIn profile it is not possible to locate everyone; this only offers the possibility to send messages to people in your own network. Furthermore LinkedIn is the largest professional SNS in the world with new members emerging every minute: ‘I use LinkedIn because it has at paulo coelho minutes the moment around 1 billion people using it, every couple seconds it has a new member so it’s extremely quick growing SNS. Puzo Essay Examples? LinkedIn has groups of the decouple, different fields, positions etc. You can put up positions to such a big pole of people.

You can target search with Boolean searching with extensive options. By Mario -Reshma? There is and decouple definition Part of this program are the options you can choose (what kind of companies you are looking for, experience etc.) are very extensive and The Family Essay examples great for recruitment direct searching.’ (Participant 4) Other mediums like for instance internal and branch oriented recruitment databases or Monsterboard are considered to be out-dated and/or not user friendly, as mentioned by several of the paulo eleven, participants (Participants: 4, 5, 7, 8). The Family Examples? Often, jobseekers forget about their online presence in these less popular databases and therefore neglect to paulo eleven minutes keep them updated. However, two participants (Participants: 4, 7) said these databases often do offer private contact details, like a personal phone number or email address, which of course is very useful for a quick and The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay immediate contact with a potential candidate. Be The Essays? LinkedIn usually does not offer this kind of info and therefore is a drawback if one wants a rapid response of By Mario Puzo examples, a particulate candidate: ‘So what I do is that I search for candidates through LinkedIn and whenever I found a potential candidate I look for contact details like email or telephone number which are usually not displayed on machiavellian, LinkedIn profile so I would go to Monsterboard where this information is more often displayed.’ (Participant 4) One of the participants (participant: 1) in this study stated that in seven years of The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma, experience in recruitment he has come across two people that did not have a profile on LinkedIn: ‘In my case I came across twice people that did not have a LinkedIn profile and I found out that they did not want to display their information for the whole world to see.’ (Participant 1) As mentioned before, all participants stated they make use of disadvantages of taking online classes, LinkedIn. This demonstrates the The Family -Reshma Essay, great popularity of LinkedIn in social networking for professional purposes.

In this respect, one participant considers the fact of not having an online profile a negative signal. It will diminish the jobseekers chance of being hired or it even may put his credibility in doubt because it seems the person is hiding information: ‘For that reason they did not want to be online. So this could be an indicator of less credibility because it can be perceived as you are hiding something.'(Participant 1) Therefore, if you are seeking a job, having online presence is The Causes War One Essays, of crucial importance to not only to being found and contacted but also to avoid jeopardizing the quality of your personal brand or even your credibility. The popularity of the online social network strongly relates to -Reshma examples the perceived credibility on paulo, the information of candidates and job positions, according to several participants. In highly popular mediums, like LinkedIn, the presented information may easier be verified by the easily accessible connections. When something is untrue it may have been commented on. Furthermore, by posting a certain position at a company, the companies profile is notified for its approval.

This, however does not apply to any company, only The Family By Mario -Reshma, those that are registered with an labov, official LinkedIn profile: ‘On LinkedIn it is The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay, difficult to of taking online classes create big lies because if I say I worked at a certain company, the company gets an email asking if its true that I worked there.’ (Participant 7) Theme 3: Online / offline information. Almost all participants (Participants: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 10) indicated the existence of small, but not negligible differences between online and offline recruiting information. Offline information usually is information that is not publicly available for everyone to read. This information can be gathered from an internal database, a CV sent by the candidate itself or any information the candidate gives face to face. The Family -Reshma Essay? Most participants stated they assess all information the same way, whether online or offline. Paulo Coelho Eleven? Yet, as said in the foregoing paragraph, online information seems to be more credible because it may be verified by its connections in By Mario -Reshma examples, the network. Two participants (Participants: 3, 8) stated that the Change, online information seems less credible due the positivism of information provided. They believe that candidates tend to present themselves advantageously and prejudiced. They feel that most people try to upgrade their personal brand to the public as much as possible, thus trying to make them appear better than they actually are: ‘I assess an The Family -Reshma, online profile different because from paulo coelho eleven minutes experience I know people tend to put only the positive information online, to create a successful image to the world and people they know.’ (Participant 8) Accordingly, all participants would ideally like to see a combination of both offline info, such as a written CV, as well as an online personal brand.

This way, in the opinion of recruiters, one can establish the best possible overview of a candidate’s background. The Family By Mario Essay Examples? Furthermore, combining both types of information can also be used as a credibility check; to assess if all available information corresponds across the different mediums: ‘When we approach and attract candidates we monitor behaviour and look for decouple confirmation of the data presented in their CV, interviews and also on his social network profiles. In other words we are looking for concurrence and consistency of the presented data from different sources and angles.’ (Participant 3) 5. Conclusion and Propositions. The aim of The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma, this thesis is to paulo coelho understand what mechanisms underlie the online recruitment process in order to The Family Puzo -Reshma examples give recommendations on how one might be more successful on the online job market and how recruiters may assemble a complete and truthful profile of a potential candidate through the use of online screening processes. A thematic analysis of the martha's, interview transcripts describing the experiences of the The Family By Mario -Reshma Essay, participants on disadvantages online classes, how online personal credibility influences the screening process identified six themes, divided in source and medium credibility. In this section, these themes will be discussed in regard to the literature bases concerning the themes of ‘references’, ‘verification’, ‘identification of profile characteristics’, ‘character and features of The Family Puzo Essay examples, mediums’, ‘medium utilization” and ‘differences between online and labov martha's vineyard offline information’ and this is done with regard to The Family By Mario -Reshma Essay examples the new understanding that this study contributes. Furthermore a set of propositions has been made following each theme. The first theme, ‘references’, suggest that written reviews are the most important factor for establishing source credibility.

These references or recommendations can be perceived as word-of-mouth of a personal brand. A consumer’s word-of-mouth has been commonly cited as the single most important factor that determines the long-term success of experience goods (De Vany #038; Walls, 1996). Online Classes? Other literature also suggests the importance of The Family By Mario Essay examples, product reviews as a marketing tool to improve reliability of a product or service and thus increases sales (Chevalier #038; Mayzlin, 2006; Dellarocas et al, 2007; Duan #038; Whinston, 2007). This is in for the Environment, line with what the participants mentioned as the most frequent code for By Mario -Reshma indicating credibility. According to Pollach (2006), the examination of the authors of product reviews or in this case the Be the Change Essays, writers of recommendations can be examined in Essay examples, light of Aristotle’s classic credibility appeals of ethos this being an intrinsic value of the character of the decouple, speaker. -Reshma? These arguments seek to persuade a reader by coelho eleven minutes, calling to the character of the writer by displaying expertise, experience or authority. This again is in line with the By Mario Puzo Essay examples, findings of the research as most participants stated the moment, relation of the writer of a recommendation to the candidate is of great importance to establish the effectiveness of the recommendation. Ideally the recommender is a person that had authority over The Family Puzo Essay examples the candidate rather than ‘just’ a friend or acquaintance. Proposition 1: In order to enhance source credibility of an disadvantages online, online personal brand it is The Family Puzo Essay examples, crucial to collect as many positive references as possible from people who have or had authority over a candidate.

The second theme that emerged with regard to establishing online source credibility is the verification of the presented information of potential candidates. Machiavellian? A common method used in verification is done through online screening. Therefore it is also the preferred technique of The Family -Reshma Essay examples, recruiters to establish credibility of the information displayed. The outcome of such a verification process may also serve as an definition, important indicator of the credibility of the screened info, that is whether there exists concurrence of the info from various sources, either online and offline. Such verifications are often done through e.g. job interviews either face-to-face or over the phone and or Skype or by comparing data of other (online or offline) sources.

Literature on web-based credibility assesses the verification of information as being a complicated matter. The Family By Mario Puzo Examples? As to Flanagin #038; Metzger (2003), several characteristics of The Causes of World War One Essays, web-based information stimulate concerns about its credibility. Moreover, given the newness and complexity of these concerns, the assessment of information and verification has largely become the responsibility of the media consumer. By Mario -Reshma Essay Examples? The participants in this study make extensive use of various verification procedures. For instance, participants undertake specific measures to Essays verify information by The Family By Mario Puzo Essay, sourcing on decouple, different online mediums. By checking the information on one platform, the The Family By Mario Essay examples, information on another can be verified. The online search is mostly done by Google name searches.

P2: By certifying that all presented information (online and offline) concurs, a candidate’s personal credibility is ameliorated. The third theme that has emerged from this study is the importance of identifying typical profile characteristics. Within this theme, five sub-themes appeared from the interviews. Sub-theme number one deals with the coelho eleven, expertise of a candidate. As stated in the foregoing literature review, research directed at the topic of The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay, credibility concludes that there are at least two key criteria for the assessment of credibility: expertise and trustworthiness. Expertise is of World War One Essays, ‘the perceived knowledge, skill, and experience of the source’ (Fogg, 2003). When people find that sources have expertise, they are likely to judge that the By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, information is trustworthy and thus, in the case of a recruiting process, an organization is more likely to accept a potential candidate to labov vineyard fill a vacancy. This is in line with the participants’ view on expertise of candidates. The second sub-theme that appeared in the interviews was the importance of the presence of a physical image in a posted candidate’s profile. Puzo -Reshma? Although an attractive and friendly, though professional photo, does not have a direct relation to the credibility of the source, the participants did indicate that adding to your profile a decent picture or even better a video raises the chances of being hired.

There has been no scientific research about recruitment chances and having a specific kind of photo. The participants did say that the assessment of a picture for recruitment purposes could be a controversial issue due to the arbitrariness of online, reviewing a person based on its looks. The third subtheme mentioned was the amount of Puzo Essay examples, connections a candidate has within its online network. Opinions differed on whether demonstrating excessive online connections on your profile are an advantageous feature or not. According to disadvantages Guy et al, (2009) the most salient common characteristic of the SNSs is that it allows users to explicitly define their social network, i.e. the list of people to whom they are connected (friends, colleagues, family members, etc). SNSs are exploiting their explicit network for various features, such as LinkedIn’s recommendations. Therefore, for SNSs it is highly important to encourage its users to connect to more people and By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay reach a more comprehensive social network. For the participants in this study the main opinion was that having many connections means more credible information because these connections may verify the of World War One Essays, information displayed on the profile. The Family By Mario Puzo Essay Examples? However other participants stated an excessive amount of connections indicates less credibility because hardly anyone can know many hundreds of people. The fourth sub-theme that materialized from this study is vineyard, how a personal brand or profile relates to the persons participation in groups and associations. An active participation may show engagement in The Family By Mario Puzo, the areas that have a special value to a potential employer.

It may indicate professionalism and authority in this particular field and thus enhances the credibility of a candidate: see also subtheme one concerning ‘expertise’. The fifth subtheme is ‘thoroughness of The Causes of World War One Essays, a profile’. Providing correct details of e.g. dates, positions, career, achievements, etcetera indicate credibility. This sub-theme is pretty straightforward and relates to the assessment of detailed information on credibility, which shows that the The Family Essay, more thorough and for the Essays complete the information is, the higher the perceived credibility (Kaplan, 1971). P3: The credibility of a candidate’s personal brand or profile is furthermore enhanced if these demonstrate several essential features or characteristics. These are: a display of expertise, participation in (professional) peer groups, extensive networking, correct and immaculate online and/or written resume, representative physical picture or video. As far as medium credibility is concerned returning themes in the interviews were: the nature and By Mario Puzo -Reshma Essay examples style of the SNS’s, their utilizations and the differences in information content between on machiavellian moment, the one hand online medium sources and on the other offline mediums. The participants reported major differences between the information content of online sites with a predominantly professional character and those of a more personal nature. The Family By Mario Puzo? They stated that profiles on LinkedIn display more professional information whereas Facebook and Twitter are sites that are chiefly used to display info on a private scale. In recruitment these two SNS styles serve different purposes: see the Be the Change, discussion under 4.2.2, theme 1. The study shows that info derived from different SNS’s has a crucial influence on the recruitment process and hence this also has an impact on its credibility. Because of -Reshma, its relatively newness there is almost no literature on labov, the use of private information in screening processes.

However, due to its sensitivity to By Mario -Reshma examples base a HR decision on personal material found online it is a hot topic among the specialists interviewed and it is a crucial finding in this study. As far as this study is concerned, there were no guidelines found and it seems that it depends on the nature of the of taking online classes, company and personal beliefs and values of the recruiter. This study shows there is The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma, a need for organizations to have a policy in place on candidate screening through social media. Also, recruitment companies and HR departments should consider potential legal issues, especially those surrounding data protection and privacy. Social networking considerations should potentially be added to the standard recruitment policies in order to avoid legal issues. It might be advisable to set up best practice guidelines for the use of SNSs and align and classes integrate these within the organization’s existing recruitment processes. This would avoid differences in The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay examples, candidate experience when applying for paulo coelho a job, no matter how they submit their application, either via email, post, company website or social media.

P4: In recruitment, the Puzo Essay examples, screening of social networks with a different nature contributes to disadvantages of taking online classes credibility. But considering the sensitivity of handling personal data displayed on some of these networks this should be done with great care. The second theme that surfaced in the medium credibility category is the utilization of the medium. From the interviews one can conclude that the greater the amount of users of a particular network the The Family By Mario Puzo -Reshma examples, higher the chance of finding credible information since a multitude of users may acknowledge or deny this information. Labov Martha's Vineyard? This conclusion corresponds with the findings in existing literature where a general lack of gatekeeping on By Mario Puzo -Reshma examples, information on the Internet forces frequent users to engage in constant credibility verification (Stavrositu #038; Sundar, 2007). Furthermore, some SNSs, such as LinkedIn, have great credibility assessment features (e.g. a message to the company whenever a person indicates that he or she works or has worked at the company). These features make LinkedIn as a much more credible medium than for instance Facebook which does not possess such a feedback feature. Lastly, the interviews revealed the importance of the different features that distinguish between online and offline mediums. . Data displayed on the Internet often deviate from their printed counterparts that can be collected through an offline medium. As pointed out in the literature review, media consumers – in this case recruiters – have learned to The Causes of World War One Essays distinguish between the various sources of online information through the The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay, experiences of using them (Flanagin #038; Metzger 2000). By developing extensive experience in screening data of candidates they have become familiar with different information delivery styles of different mediums; they have developed levels of media literacy into the norms of media use.

However, this study also indicates that the combination of all online and offline information available gives recruiters the best possible chance of screening a candidate on the credibility of information supplied. Whenever recruiters access potential candidate’s social networking sites, it should be clear in The Causes of World Essays, mind that the information may not be accurate. This online available information might be written by someone else, or the name might not correspond with the actual applicant. Therefore if employers decide to The Family Puzo Essay use the information on SNSs for Environment Essays screening purposes it is advisable to inform the candidates beforehand and to treat them in this respect uniformly. In the procedure of recruitment, accruing data on social networks will never be able to entirely replace face-to-face contact. Thus, verifying data displayed on the Internet by asking face-to-face will continue to be a necessary instrument for the assessment of credibility. Combining the screening of SNSs with other, more traditional, forms of recruitment contributes to The Family -Reshma Essay examples accessing the labov vineyard, widest possible range of potential candidates. This will avoid any issues with not considering candidates who are less comfortable with or have a lack of access to SNSs. P5: Recruiters should always seek to The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay verify the information on a candidate’s SNSs through other means.

The impact of social networking sites on Environment Essays, recruitment processes has been studied many times before. However, the credibility of the information a candidate has and how this impacts the screening process has never been studied before. The effects of credibility seem to be relevant. The practical and theoretical contributions are discussed below. On a practical level the research results are of use to job seekers, recruiters and social networking sites.

The research gives recommendations as to how the first group can improve their personal credibility, thereby improving their personal brand and -Reshma Essay examples thus have a higher chance of being considered for job opportunities. The second group, recruiters, will benefit from the research because the outcomes intend to give guidelines as to how one might assess credibility of online profiles. Also, recruiters might benefit from the discussion this research initiated on how to deal with personal data displayed on the Internet. The third group, SNSs, receive advice through this study on how to improve their features for becoming a credible social networking medium. With this knowledge it may expand its target group by adding tools in labov vineyard, order to improve credibility assessments. This research will contribute to the theoretical field of (online) credibility by applying the before-mentioned parameters of credibility to Essay examples the screening process in job recruitment. Be The For The Essays? It thereby tests its relevance and validity in this field, as well as expands the set of ‘credibility judgements’ through a qualitative research approach. On a theoretical level, this research intends to contribute to the field of -Reshma, online information credibility in general and draws some conclusions in relation to the discipline of machiavellian moment, marketing and By Mario -Reshma more especially to the subject of personal branding. It contributes to labov vineyard the screening procedure of The Family Puzo -Reshma, recruiters and The Causes Essays shows the different criteria recruiters use to assess the The Family Puzo -Reshma, hiring decision. 7. Further research and Limitations. Despite the fascinating insights in source and medium credibility in regard to the screening process for recruiters, the results of disadvantages online classes, this study should be interpreted with respect to its limitations.

These limitations result in suggestions for further research. The first restriction that this study is confronted with is the limited size of the By Mario Puzo, number of participants. It offers support for additional research with this set of questions with a more numerous participant pool. Such further exploration would certainly contribute to a further deepening of this research. The second limitation is the rather narrow scope of research methods employed. Rather than doing research in a setting of actual, live recruitment screening and verification processes, the research took place in an artificial setting of interviews and questionnaires. The data thus accrued were so to speak ‘second hand’ while, due to the ethical sensitivity when it comes to screening candidates, the participants might not have been completely open about their operating methods and decision-making processes. Future research should take this in consideration and consider using alternative methods.

Thirdly, because the current study relies on participants of recruitment professionals with an academic background, the external generalization of the findings could be constrained. . To what extent someone with a non-scientific view might deal with source and medium credibility on the Internet has not been looked at. Thus, future research is needed to examine whether findings on credibility on the Internet can be generalized to labov vineyard a wider population. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of The Family Puzo -Reshma Essay, coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Paulo? Each of us is The Family Puzo Essay, qualified to a high level in labov vineyard, our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in your email box, in Puzo examples, as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by a student in order to labov vineyard help you with your studies.

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