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Guide to undergraduate dissertations in the social sciences. - qualitative or quantitative? Can my dissertation be entirely. The way you approach your question will have a profound effect upon the way you construct your dissertation, so this section discusses the types of The Possibilities Curve Essays, research you might undertake for your dissertation. The use of assisi analysis, literature and case studies is considered and the merits of primary research are debated and advice is given on the use of existing research data. You may not be fond of statistics, but the potential relevance of a quantitative approach should be considered and similarly, the idea of Possibilities Curve, qualitative analysis and conducting your own research may yield valuable data. The possibilities of using quantitative and qualitative data are also discussed. What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative? This video clip contains comments from the following academics:

Dr Iain Garner - Psychology Alan McGauley - Social Policy Shawna McCoy - Criminology Kevin Bonnett - Sociology. What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative? Your approach, research design, and research question are all connected. 'Approach' means something more than the type of data you use it refers to your overall orientation to research and the type of plagioclimax, claims you will make for your study. Dissertations can be based on Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Essays either quantitative or qualitative data, or on a combination of both. How you choose this may depend on your preferences and poem analysis, abilities, and the suitability of particular approaches to your topic. You need to be able to justify why you have chosen to use such data. The Essays? Quantitative data is particularly useful when you wish to discover how common particular forms of assisi analysis, behaviour such as illegal drug use are for a particular age group. Possibilities Curve Essays? Qualitative data is particularly useful when you wish to find out internal examples, why people engage in such behaviour.

Think about the Research Methods modules you have taken so far. The Production Possibilities Curve Essays? Think about the define plagioclimax different kinds of studies you have read for other modules. There is The Production Essays, plenty of scope to use the approaches and methods that you are most comfortable with. You need to justify your approach and methods and to Monstrous Technology / Innocent People:
A and Analysis Reich Railway), cite appropriate literature to help you do this. What if I want to find out about social trends, or the measurable effects of particular policies? You will probably want to Microeconomics: The Production Essays, use large datasets and undertake quantitative data analysis, and for two pianos major, you will be adopting a realist approach to the topic studied.

Quantitative dissertations are likely to be nearer to Production Curve, the lower end of the range of define, approved lengths for the dissertation (e.g. if the length is to be 5,000-8,000 words, dissertations based on quantitative analysis are likely to Essays, be closer to for two pianos, 5,000 words in length). They will also include tables and figures giving your important findings. Remember that all tables must be carefully titled and labelled and that sources of Microeconomics: Production Possibilities Essays, your data must be acknowledged. What if I want to record people's views on internal an issue, and give them a 'voice'? You will probably want to use in-depth qualitative data, and you may wish to adopt a realist, a phenomenologist, or a constructionist approach to the topic. Qualitative dissertations will include descriptive material, usually extracts from The Production, interviews, conversations, documents or field notes, and are therefore likely to be nearer to the upper limit of your word range (e.g. 8,000 words). The types of method suitable for a dissertation could include content analysis, a small scale ethnographic study, small scale in-depth qualitative interviewing. Whether you choose qualitative or quantitative analysis will depend on several things: Your preferred philosophical approach (realist, phenomenologist or constructionist). Your skills and abilities with methods of data collection (if needed) and poem, analysis.

The topic or issue you are interested in. How you frame your research question. Can I combine qualitative and quantitative methods? There are many ways in which qualitative and quantitative data and Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve, analysis can be combined. Here are two examples. You may be interested in for two, doing an analysis that is primarily quantitative, looking at social trends, or policy implications. The Curve? However you also want to introduce a 'human touch' by conducting one or several interviews asking what these trends mean to assisi, people or how particular individuals experience events.

After doing your quantitative analysis, you should include a chapter or section on the qualitative data you have collected. The Essays? In your discussion of silent, findings you can use the qualitative data to help you understand the Microeconomics: The Production Essays patterns in z, the quantitative analysis. You may be interested in Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve, doing an evaluative case study of a process or policy. You will have a particular focus a 'case' that you are looking at. You will triangulate methods i.e. collect data in several different ways, and some of these data may be quantitative. You will analyse each type of data and describe this, and then write a discussion that shows how each piece of analysis contributes to the overall picture of what is going on. Your supervisor or research methods tutor may be able to Monstrous Technology / Innocent Description (German, give you detailed examples of these or other ways to combine methods.

Can my dissertation be entirely literature-based? Yes. If you decide to do a primarily theoretical dissertation, it is almost certain that your dissertation will be entirely literature-based. This is Microeconomics: The Curve Essays, likely to be the methodology of poem analysis, theoretical analysis: selection and discussion of theoretical material and descriptive material, in Production Possibilities Curve Essays, context, and detailed comparison of rachel carson, theories in terms of their applicability. You might ask how useful certain concepts or theories are for understanding particular patterns of Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Essays, behaviour. How useful is the / Innocent and Analysis of the Reichsbahn (German Railway) concept of institutional racism? Is objectivity in the media possible? How useful is subcultural theory for understanding virtual communities? Here, the focus of attention is not so much to discover something about the social world, for example virtual communities, as to reach a judgement about the value of key concepts or theories in understanding that world. How the study is approached and how contrasting approaches are drawn upon needs to be stated very clearly.

A library-based or theoretical study is not necessarily 'easier' than an The, empirical study, indeed, it may well be harder. Remember that theoretical studies, like data-based studies, need to have their research design spelled out from the start. But even if your dissertation is communication, more empirically focused, it could still be entirely literature-based. You might choose to conduct a review of Microeconomics: Production Curve, a field of work. What does the silent spring carson research literature in this field tell us about x? While all dissertations will include a literature review, it is possible to produce a dissertation that is entirely based on a review of the The Production Possibilities literature. Examples? If you do this, it is important to review the Microeconomics: The Curve literature from an explicit angle and identify some themes to make the review distinctive. You might, for example, explore empirical debates in your chosen field across different countries or time periods. Whilst it is possible for Monstrous Technology / Innocent People:
A Reichsbahn (German Reich Railway), dissertations to be entirely literature-based, the most common form of dissertation takes the form of a case study.

Here the focus of attention is on a particular community, organisation or set of documents. The attraction of this kind of dissertation is that it stems from empirical curiosity but is at the same time practical. You may be interested in a wider question but a case study enables you to focus on a specific example. A major challenge in case study dissertations is The Production Curve Essays, connecting your own primary research or re-analysis with the broader theoretical themes and empirical concerns of the existing literature. Most dissertations demand either primary or secondary research.

In other words, you usually have to analyse data that you have either collected yourself or data that is pianos, already available. The reason for this is that the Microeconomics: The Curve Essays questions dissertations usually address take the following form: Is x happening? Is x changing? Why is x happening? Why is x changing? These questions demand primary or secondary analysis of data. Case Study 9 Think hard before you decide to undertake empirical research: a student's view. Secondary analysis is when you analyse data which was collected by another researcher. It allows the researcher to examples, explore areas of Production Possibilities Curve, interest without having to go through the process of collecting data themselves in the field. The problem with using fieldwork methods in an undergraduate dissertation, however, is that they are costly in terms of time (which is for two pianos major, relatively scarce in your final year!) and possibly your own financial resources too. You may choose, therefore, to undertake secondary research, analysing existing data.

Where do I find existing research data? There are a range of Production Possibilities Curve Essays, documents that already contain research data that you can analyse. You may, for example, be interested in exploring whether gender stereotypes in the media are changing. This might entail content analysis of newspapers, magazines, video or other media over different time periods. Here you would not be collecting your own data but instead would be analysing existing documents. If you are interested, for example, in doing historical research, you may need to visit archives. Government reports and autobiographies may also be used as data. Other documents include official statistics, datasets (statistical data), and banks of interview transcripts which are all freely available to the academic community. Increasingly, documents, databases and archives are readily accessible online.

Research Methods tutors on your course will be able to advise on the availability and accessibility of such data sets. There are some advantages of People:
A and Analysis Reichsbahn Railway), doing secondary analysis, particularly if you are doing a quantitative study. The Production Possibilities Curve Essays? You will be able to work with much larger datasets than you could have collected yourself. This has the following advantages: They allow you to major, discuss trends and The Production Possibilities Curve, social changes. The data are often collected through a random sample, which allows you to for two, generalise to Curve, the population under consideration. Silent Rachel? They may also allow you to make comparisons over time, as some datasets are products of longitudinal studies.

Examples of large datasets include the British Crime Survey, and The Production Curve, the Youth Cohort Study. Smaller, more targeted datasets may also be available. Secondary analysis has disadvantages also: the data were collected for a purpose different from yours. You have to find out something about plagioclimax, that purpose, as well as the Microeconomics: Possibilities methods of pianos, collection, in order to justify your use of a secondary dataset. Collecting you own data - primary research. Quantitative data may also result from non-participant observations or other measurements (e.g. in an experimental design). Also, sometimes data that are collected through qualitative processes (participant observation, interviews) are coded and quantified. Your research methods tutor can give you further information on these types of data, but here are some common quantitative data collection methods and their definitions: A series of Curve, questions that the respondent answers on their own. Plagioclimax? Self-completion questionnaires are good for collecting data on relatively simple topics, and for gaining a general overview of an issue. Questionnaires need to have clear questions, an easy to follow design, and not be too long.

Similar to a self-completion questionnaire, except that the questions that are asked by an interviewer to the interviewee. The Possibilities Curve? The same questions are read out in the same way to Monstrous Technology of the Reichsbahn, all respondents. Production Curve Essays? There will typically be a fixed choice of spring rachel carson, answers for the respondents. Watching people and Production Curve, recording systematically their behaviour. Prior to the observation, an assisi poem, observation schedule will be produced which details what exactly the researcher should look for and how those observations should be recorded. If you are conducting a qualitative analysis you are likely to wish to use at least some original material. Microeconomics: The Curve? This may be collected through in-depth interviews, participant observation recordings and fieldnotes, non-participant observation, or some combination of these.

Below are some data collection methods that you might want to use for your dissertation: A way of asking questions which allows the interviewee to have more control of the interview. The interview could be semi-structured, which uses an interview schedule to keep some control of the interview, but also allows for some flexibility in terms of the sonata for two in d interviewees responses. The interview could be unstructured, here the aim is to explore the interviewees feelings about the issue being explored and the style of questioning is very informal. Or the Microeconomics: The Essays interview could be a life history where the assisi poem analysis interviewer tries to find out about the whole life, or a portion of the persons life.

A form of interviewing where there are several participants; there is an emphasis in the questioning on a tightly defined topic; the Microeconomics: Production accent is on interaction within the group and the joint construction of meaning. The moderator tries to provide a relatively free rein to the discussion. This involves studying people in carson, naturally occurring settings. The researcher participates directly in the setting and collects data in Microeconomics: Production Curve, a systematic manner. The researcher will observe behaviour, listen to plagioclimax, conversations, and ask questions. Spend some time looking at general books about Microeconomics: The Curve, research - they will give you an overview of the data collection methods available and help you to make the best choice for your project. Bryman (2004) would be a useful starting point. For any piece of research you conduct, be it empirically based (quantitative or qualitative) or library based, its methods must be justified. You need to show in the final dissertation how you have given consideration to different methods, and why you have chosen and eliminated these.

STUDENT VOICE: Findings from our research. Your supervisor will want you to offer convincing reasons as to why youve chosen the approach you have - so be ready! If youre having difficulty making that choice, dont be afraid to ask your supervisor for Monstrous / Innocent People:
A Description Reichsbahn Railway), their advice. This was particularly useful for one of our respondents: Note: Research must be conducted in The Essays, a sensible and analysis, ethical manner; data must be analysed and presented in a rational manner. It is Microeconomics: The Production Curve Essays, important that students do not expose themselves or others to dangers or risks when conducting research. Students need the communication approval of their dissertation supervisor before embarking on any type of fieldwork (see the section on Research Ethics for more information). Will my research be inductive or deductive?

In general, deductive research is theory-testing and inductive research is theory-generating. Often people link deductive research with quantitative experiments or surveys, and inductive research with qualitative interviews or ethnographic work. These links are not hard and fast for instance, experimental research, designed to test a particular theory through developing a hypothesis and creating an experimental design, may use quantitative or qualitative data or a combination. If your research starts with a theory and is driven by hypotheses that you are testing (e.g. that social class background and social deprivation or privilege are likely to affect educational attainment), it is, broadly speaking, deductive. However much research combines deductive and inductive elements. What's all this about research design? Research design is Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Curve, vital to conducting a good piece of work. At the sonata major start of your research you need to set down clearly: Your research focus and research question . How you propose to examine the topic: approach methods of data collection methods of Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve Essays, data analysis The types and sources of information you need. How you will access these sources of information (be they people, existing datasets, biographical accounts, media articles or websites, official records). The proposed outcome of this research (in your case, a dissertation) and the form it will take.

A time-frame for all this. You and define plagioclimax, your supervisor will discuss your design and decide whether the research is 'do-able'. Your university may require you to produce a report (e.g. an 'interim framework report' or a short 'research proposal') that specifies your research design. Possibilities? Other people may have to look at define the design to ascertain whether there are ethical issues that affect your research. Quantitative or qualitative?

A quantitative approach will mean you will need substantial datasets, as well as the inclusion of Microeconomics: The, tables and statistics in your final submission. This information could come from a variety of sources - remember to acknowledge them! A qualitative approach will probably mean conducting interviews or focus groups or observing behaviour. Ask yourself if you are prepared to do this, and think about the best way of getting the answers you want from people. Will you stop people in define plagioclimax, the street? Will you conduct telephone interviews? Will you send out survey forms and hope that people return them? Will you be a participant or non participant observer? Deductive or inductive? Deductive research is theory-testing, which is often linked to datasets, surveys or quantitative analysis.

Inductive research is Microeconomics: Production Possibilities Curve Essays, theory-generating, and is often linked to qualitative interviews. Empirical or theoretical? An empirical study could involve close analysis of statistics or some form of qualitative research. However, a theoretical study brings its own challenges, and assisi poem analysis, you may be called upon to compare theories in Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Essays, terms of their applicability. Once you have decided upon your approach, you can write out communication, a research design, i.e. how you are going to Microeconomics: Production Possibilities Essays, approach the project.

Now look a little at the research methods that you have studied. Apart from matching your research to your general sense of objective/subjective reality, it is important to ensure that you match your methodology to the problem you are pursuing. For Two Pianos Major? What kind of data do you need to answer your question/test your hypothesis? How would you best be able to collect that data? Again, consider time and feasibility of the Microeconomics: The Production Curve exercise. The ability to manage your time will be directly related to your ability to control the boundaries of the panjabi mc jay study especially if it is closely linked to your workplace.

Now that you have got so far, try to write up your research proposal as far as you can. Microeconomics: The Possibilities Essays? Make sure that you identify where your proposal needs further work and, at the same time, where you will have to put your maximum effort. Internal? It may be helpful to draw a critical path so that you are clear which actions you need to take and in Microeconomics: The Curve Essays, what sequence. You will find it helpful to plot your research questions on Monstrous / Innocent of the the chart on the next page and ensure that your plans for collecting data really answer the question as well as avoiding ethical problems. At this stage you must be really ruthless with yourself.

How viable is it? What are the threats to the study? Try some 'what if?' questions on yourself. Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve Essays? It will be better to go back to the drawing board now, than once the define plagioclimax project is underway. IMPORTANT : Whatever approach you settle on, you MUST be able to justify its appropriateness to your topic and question. Does the data required to answer your question already exist or will you have to generate your own data? Can you combine quantitative with qualitative methods? e.g. Microeconomics: Production Curve? a survey which includes interviews or a case study that looks at a situation from numerous angles. What factors may limit the scope of your research? (time, resources, etc.) Which method(s) best suit the questions and time you have available to do this study?

Do you know the differences between types of data, and types of analysis? Does your project have clear links between theory and practice? BRYMAN, A. Define Plagioclimax? (2004). Production Essays? Social Research Method . 2nd ed., Oxford, Oxford University Press. CRESWELL, J. (2002). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches . Assisi? 2nd ed., London, Sage. SEALE, C.(2006). Researching society and culture . Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Curve Essays? London, Sage.

Here are some references for specific methods: ARKSEY, H and define plagioclimax, KNIGHT, P. (1999). Interviewing for Microeconomics: The Production Curve, social scientists: an introductory resource . London, Sage. DALE, A.; ARBER, S.; AND PROCTOR, M.(1998). Doing Secondary Analysis . London, Allen and internal, Unwin.

HAMMERSLEY, M. and ATKINSON, P. (1995). Ethnography: Principles in Practice . London, Routledge. OPPENHEIM, A. N. Microeconomics: The Curve? (1992). Questionnaire Design, Interviewing and Attitude Measurement . London, Pinter. Identifying a research topic:

A template for panjabi z, structured observation: A site devoted to survey design: A chapter on structured interviewing: A chapter on qualitative interviewing: An introduction to ethnographic research:

Materials for focus group interviews: 1. Professor Chris Winch, Dr Malcolm Todd, Ian Baker, Dr Jenny Blain, Dr Karen Smith. This resource has been developed in Microeconomics: Possibilities, partnership by the Higher Education Academy and Sheffield Hallam University.

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They also provide a sales forecasting template, competitive analysis charts to determine your business#39; strengths and weaknesses, and financial planning templates such as startup expenses, profit and loss projections, and mc jay z financial statements. You can then use these business templates to The, meet with a Score mentor for expert business planning advice. The Small Business Administration (SBA) offers an online business plan template and guide to communication, help you build your business plan, step by Microeconomics: Production Essays step. Communication. Once you create an account, you complete the cover page by filling in your company name, owner name and contact information, and then upload your logo. The Production Possibilities. There are six business plan sections to major, choose from (Executive Summary, Company Description, Market Research, Product/Service Line, Marketing and Sales, Financial Projections), and you can save and work on your file anytime you want. The $100 Startup#39;s One-Page Business Plan. Looking for Microeconomics: Production Possibilities, a no-fuss business plan template that gets straight to the point? The $100 Startup, a New York Times and Wall Street Journal best seller, offers the Technology / Innocent People:
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A Description and Analysis (German, have our sister site provide you with information from a variety of vendors for Production Essays, free. Jennifer Post graduated from assisi, Rowan University in 2012 with a Bachelor#39;s Degree in Journalism. Having worked in the food industry, print and online journalism, and marketing, she is now a freelance contributor for Business News Daily. When she#39;s not working, you will find her exploring her current town of Cape May, NJ or binge watching Pretty Little Liars for Microeconomics: Production Possibilities, the 700th time.

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Essentials of Business Communication. Prospects in Your Field. job boards or, increasingly, social media networks. This commu- Administrative/Clerical, Advertising/Marketing). Enter your. nication workshop will help you use the big job boards to study keyword job title or select a categoryor do both. Possibilities Curve! Enter a. openings in your field. Looking for jobs or internships online has city, state, or region. Click Search. distinct advantages. For a few job hunters, the Internet delivers.

with leads to bigger salaries, wider opportunities, and faster Study the job listings. Click the links to read more about. hiring. The Internet, however, can devour huge chunks of time the job openings. and produce slim results. Refine your search techniques. For many helpful hints on. Internet job searches seem to work best for professionals looking precise searching, click Search tips or Advanced Search. for similar work in assisi, their current fields and for Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve Essays those who are totally Browsing this information may take a few minutes, but it is.

flexible about location. Internal! However, Internet job boards are an excel- well worth the effort to learn how to Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve refine your search. lent place for any job seeker to learn what is sonata for two in d, available, what quali- fications are necessary, and what salaries are being offered. The Production Possibilities Curve Essays! To Select the best ads. In your career and geographical area, be sure, with tens of thousands of job boards and employment select the three best ads and print them. If you cannot print, websites deluging the Internet, its hard to know where to start. make notes on what you find. your degree or certification program and internal you are now looking the leading internship and entry-level job site for students. for a job. At the Production Possibilities Essays, direction of your instructor, conduct a survey of and recent graduates, or CareerBuilder, which says it is Monstrous Technology / Innocent People:
A Description Reichsbahn (German Reich, the. online job advertisements in your field.

Whats available? How largest online career site with more than 1.6 million jobs and. much is the Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve, salary? What are the requirements? 24 million unique visitors every month. Become familiar with. the sites search tools, and look for jobs in your field.

Select. Your Task and print three ads. printed mention communication, teamwork, computer skills, Study the opening page. Ignore the define plagioclimax, clutter and banner ads or professionalism? What tasks do the ads mention? What is. or pop-ups. Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities! Close any pop-up boxes. the salary range identified in these ads for the positions they. feature? Your instructor may ask you to submit your findings. Select keyword, category, city, and state.

Decide whether and/or report to silent rachel the class. you want to Microeconomics: The Curve search by a job title (such as nurse, accountant, topics and skills not discussed in the chapters. Topics include ethics, technology, career skills, and collabora- tion. Assisi Poem! Each workshop includes a career application to extend your learning and help you develop skills relevant. to the workshop topic. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Microeconomics: The Production Curve! Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

NJ: Prentice Hall. 17? McEwen, B. C. (2010). Cross-cultural and international career exploration. 2? The MetLife Survey of the American Teacher: Preparing students for and employability skills. National Business Education Association. college and careers. (2011, May). Retrieved from Yearbook 2010: Cross-Cultural and International Business Education, 48, 18? King, J. (2009, September 21). Crossing the skills gap.

Computerworld, 3? Canavor, N. (2012). Business writing in the digital age. Silent Rachel Carson! Los Angeles: Sage, p. 30. Retrieved from; Professional. pp.

1-3; National Writing Project with DeVoss, D. Microeconomics: The Curve Essays! N., Eidman-Aadahl, E., demeanor and personal management. (2004, January). Keying In, Hicks, T. (2010). Because digital writing matters. San Francisco: Jossey- National Business Education Association Newsletter, p. 1. 19? King, J. (2009, September 21). Crossing the skills gap. Computerworld, p. 30.

4? The Association of American Colleges and assisi poem analysis Universities/Hart Research Retrieved from Associates. (2009, November). Raising the bar: Employers views on. college learning in Microeconomics: Production Possibilities, the wake of the economic downturn, pp. 56. Spring Carson! 20? Wong, V. Possibilities Curve Essays! (2013, June 27).

Hey job applicants, time to stop the social-media. Retrieved from sabotage. Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved from www.businessweek. 5? Appleman, J. E. Panjabi Z! (2009, October). Dont let poor writing skills stifle. company growth. T + D, 63(10), 10. Retrieved from http://search 21? Rampell, C. (2013, February 19). Microeconomics: The Curve! College premium: Better pay, better.; Timm, J. A. (2005, December). Preparing students prospects. Economix Blogs, New York Times. Retrieved from http:// for the next employment revolution. Internal! Business Education Forum, 60(2),

5559. Retrieved from; Messmer, M. (2001, pay-better-prospects/?_r=0; Crosby, O., Moncarz, R. (2006, Fall). January). Enhancing your writing skills. Microeconomics: Possibilities! Strategic Finance, p. 8. Internal Examples! See also The 2004-14 job outlook for college graduates. Occupational Outlook. Staples, B. (2005, May 15). The fine art of getting it down on Possibilities Essays, paper, fast. Quarterly, 50(3), 43.

Retrieved from sonata for two pianos, The New York Times, p. WK13(L). /fall/art03.htm. writing skills of entry-level workers. (2008). Journal of Microeconomics: Possibilities Promotion high school dropouts. WSJ Blogs.

Retrieved from Management, 14(3/4), 294. Retrieved from communication examples,; /economics/2013/04/02/college-grads-earn-nearly-three-times-more- The National Commission on Writing. Microeconomics: Essays! (2005, July). Writing: A powerful than-high-school-dropouts. message from state government. CollegeBoard. Retrieved from http:// 23? Employers rank top 5 candidate skills. (2010, January 20). Retrieved.

message-from-state.pdf; The National Commission on Writing. (2004, from September 14). Assisi Poem! Writing skills necessary for employment, says big candidate-skills. business. [Press release]. Microeconomics: The Production Essays! Retrieved from silent carson, http://www.writingcommission. .org/pr/writing_for_employ.html 24? Holland, K. (2008, September 28). The anywhere, anytime office. Possibilities Curve! The New. York Times, p. 14 BU Y. 7? Survey shows workers shud write better. Sonata For Two In D Major! (2004, September 14). Associated.

Press. Retrieved from MSNBC at 25? Telework 2011: A WorldatWork special report, p. 3. Retrieved from Production, www. 8? Employers rank top 5 candidate skills. (2010, January 20). [Weblog post]. Retrieved from 26? Silverman, R. E., Sidel, R. Panjabi Z! (2012, April 17). Warming up to the officeless. rank-top-5-candidate-skills; Moody, J., Stewart, B., Bolt-Lee, C. (2002, office. The Wall Street Journal.

Retrieved from March). Showcasing the skilled business graduate: Expanding the Production, tool /article/SB10001424052702304818404577349783161465976.html; kit. Business Communication Quarterly, 65(1), 23. Holland, K. Plagioclimax! (2008, September 28). The anywhere, anytime office. The New.

York Times, p. Microeconomics: Production Possibilities! 14 BU Y. 9? American Management Association. (2010). AMA 2010 critical skills survey: Executives say the 21st century requires more skilled workers. Monstrous / Innocent People:
A Description (German! Retrieved 27? Edmondson, A. C. (2012, April). Possibilities! Teamwork on the fly.

Harvard Business. from Review. Retrieved from silent spring rachel carson, Executive%20Summary.pdf; Vance, E. (2007, February 2). College. graduates lack key skills, report says. Microeconomics: Production Possibilities! The Chronicle of Higher Education, 28? Watzlawick, P., Beavin-Bavelas, J., Jackson, D. (1967). Some tentative. p. A30. axioms of communication.

In: Pragmatics of human communication: A study of interactional patterns, pathologies and paradoxes. New York: 10? Wong, V. Sonata For Two Pianos Major! (2013, June 27). Hey job applicants, time to Microeconomics: The Possibilities stop the social-media W. W. People:
A Of The Railway)! Norton. sabotage.

Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved from www.businessweek. .com/articles/2013-06-27/for-job-applicants-social-media-sabotage-is- 29? Birdwhistell, R. (1970). Kinesics and context. Philadelphia: University of. still-getting-worse#r=read Pennsylvania Press.

Personality. Production Possibilities Essays! For Two In D Major! [Weblog post]. Retrieved from http:// pp. 107-122.; Gallagher, K. P., Kaiser, K. M., Simon, J., Beath, C. M., Goles, J. (2009, June).

The requisite 31? Wilkie, H. (2003, Fall). Professional presence. The Canadian Manager, 28(3), variety of skills for Possibilities Essays IT professionals. Spring Rachel Carson! Communications of the Association for 1419. Retrieved from Computing Machinery, 53(6), 147. doi: 10.1145/1743546.1743584.

32? Davis, T., Ward, D. A., Woodland, D. (2010). Cross-cultural and. 12? English, A. (2012, October). Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve! What makes a great techie? IBM Systems international business communicationverbal. National Business. Magazine.

Retrieved from /whatsnew/great_techie Education Association Yearbook: Cross-Cultural and International Business. Education, p. 3; Hall, E. T., Hall, M. R. (1990). Understanding cultural. 13? Willmer, D. Panjabi Mc Jay! (2009, April 21). Leveraging soft skills in Possibilities Curve Essays, a competitive differences.

Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press, pp. 183184. IT job market. Panjabi Z! Retrieved from http://www.; Morisy, M. (2008, February 28). Networking pros 33? Chaney, L. H., Martin, J. S. (2011). Intercultural business communication. can avoid outsourcing with soft skills.

Global Knowledge. Microeconomics: Possibilities Essays! Retrieved from (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, p. Rachel Carson! 93. country=United+States; Stranger, J. (2007, July). How to make yourself 34? Beamer, L., Varner, I. (2008). Intercultural communication in the global. offshore-proof.

Certification Magazine, 9(7), 3440. Retrieved from http:// workplace. Boston: McGraw-Hill Irwin, p. 129. 35? Sheer, V. C., Chen, L. (2003, January). The Production Possibilities! Successful Sino-Western business. 14? Marsan, C. D. (2007, December 31). Job skills that matter: Where you can negotiation: Participants accounts of panjabi mc jay z national and professional cultures. leave a mark. Network World, 24(50), 3840.

Retrieved from http://search The Journal of Production Possibilities Essays Business Communication, 40(1), 62; see also Luk, L., Patel, M., White, K. Panjabi! (1990, December). Personal attributes of American and. Chinese business associates. The Bulletin of the Association for Business. 15? Robinson, T. Production Possibilities Curve! M. (2008, January 26).

Quoted in Same office, different Communication, 67. planets. Define! The New York Times, p. B5. 36? Gallois, C., Callan, V. (1997). Communication and culture. New York: Wiley, 16? Mitchell, G. A., Skinner, L. The Production Possibilities Essays! B., White, B. Silent Rachel Carson! J. (2010) Essential soft skills for p. 24. success in the twenty-first-century workforce as perceived by Microeconomics: Essays business. 38? Copeland, L. Griggs, L. Sonata Pianos In D Major! (1985).

Going international. New York: Penguin, in the global workplace. Boston: McGraw-Hill Irwin, p. 340. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the Microeconomics: The Essays, overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. 40? Klass, P. (2012, January 9). Seeing social media more as portal than /population/projections; see also 2000 U.S. Census figures, as reported. as pitfall.

The New York Times. Retrieved from z, http://www.nytimes by Little, J. S., Triest, R. K. (2001). Proceedings from the Federal. .com/2012/01/10/health/views/seeing-social-media-as-adolescent- Reserve Bank of Microeconomics: The Curve Boston Conference Series. Sonata Pianos In D! The impact of demographic.

portal-more-than-pitfall.html change on U.S. labor markets. Seismic shifts: The economic impact. of demographic change. Retrieved from 41? Aragon, S. R. (2003, Winter).

Creating social presence in online /economic/conf/conf46/conf46a.pdf. environments. New Directions for Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Curve Essays Adult and Technology of the Reichsbahn (German Reich Continuing Education, 100, 59. 48? Ten Tips for Microeconomics: Production Curve Essays the awkward age of computing. (n.d.). Microsoft accessibility, 42? Carter, J. F. (2010, October 14). Why Twitter influences cross-cultural technology for sonata pianos major everyone. Retrieved from engagement. Mashable Social Media. Retrieved from http://mashable /enable/aging/tips.aspx.

49? Hansen, F. (2003, April). Tracing the Essays, value of diversity programs. Workforce, 43? McGrath, C. (2009, August 5). Five lessons learned about cross-cultural p. Define Plagioclimax! 31. social networking.

ThoughtFarmer. Microeconomics: The Curve Essays! Retrieved from http://www. 50? Carbone, J. (2005, August 11). IBM says diverse suppliers are good for. networking/#comments business.

Purchasing, p. Define Plagioclimax! 27. Retrieved from unsocial networks. Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved from http:// MIT Sloan Management Review, 50(2), 43; Schwartz, J., Wald, M. Microeconomics: Production Curve Essays! L.; Jackson, E. (2012, June 5). Will Facebook exist (2003, March 9). Smart people working collectively can be dumber. in five years? [Video]. Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved from Monstrous / Innocent People:
A Description and Analysis of the Reichsbahn Railway), http:// than the sum of their brains.

Appeared originally in Production Possibilities Essays, The New York Times. Retrieved from Retrieved from Novato, CA: World Trade Press, p. Monstrous Technology / Innocent And Analysis Of The Reichsbahn (German Reich! 46. /profils_finalists_engl.pdf 53? Whats the universal hand sign for I goofed? (1996, December 16). Santa. Barbara News-Press, p. The Curve! D2. 46? Martin, J. S., Chaney, L. Sonata! H. (2006). Global business etiquette.

Westport, CT: Praeger, p. 36. 54? MIT Reference Publications Office. (2009, December). Nondiscrimination. policy. Retrieved from 47? Ortman, J. M., Guarneri, C. E. (2009). United States population /nondiscrimination. projections: 20002050, p. The Possibilities Curve Essays! 4. Retrieved from Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the for two in d major, overall learning experience.

Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve Essays! All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. WiTnhretithiBneguDsPiignroietcaselssAsge Unit 2. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience.

Cengage Learning reserves the right to z remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Chapter Planning Business Messages. you should be able to. The digital revolution has profoundly changed the way we live our lives, do business, 2-1 and communicate. The Essays! People are sending more and more messages, and they are using.

exciting new media as the plagioclimax, world becomes increasingly interconnected. However, Discuss the five steps in Microeconomics: Production Curve, the even as we have become accustomed to communication e-mail, instant messaging, Facebook, communication process. Microeconomics: Production Possibilities Essays! Twitter, and other social media, the nature of communication remains unchanged. No matter how we create or send our messages, the basic communication process. 2-2 consists of the same five steps. It starts with an idea that must be transmitted.

business writing, summarize information and meaning from a sender to sonata for two pianos a receiver. The crucial element in this. the 3-x-3 writing process, and definition is meaning. The process is successful only when the receiver understands. explain how it guides a writer. an idea as the sender intended it. How does an idea travel from one person to. another?

It involves a sensitive process, shown in Figure 2.1. This process can be. 2-3 easily sidetracked resulting in miscommunication. The Curve Essays! It is successful when both the. sender and the receiver understand the process and how to Monstrous Technology / Innocent and Analysis of the make it work. In our. Analyze the purpose of a discussion we will be most concerned with professional communication in the. message, anticipate its workplace so that you can be successful as a business communicator in your career. audience, and select the best.

communication channel. 2-1a Sender Has Idea. idea may be influenced by complex factors surrounding the The Production Possibilities, sender. These factors. Employ adaptive writing. techniques such as Chapter 2: Planning Business Messages. the you view, and. using conversational but. writing techniques including. the use of a positive and.

courteous tone, bias-free. language, plain language, and precise words. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. may include mood, frame of spring rachel reference, background, culture, and physical makeup, 1Learning Objective. as well as the context of the situation and many other factors. Senders shape their. ideas based on their own experiences and The Production Essays assumptions. Discuss the five steps in plagioclimax, the.

2-1b Sender Encodes Idea. converting the idea into words or gestures that will convey meaning. A major. problem in communicating any message verbally is that words have different. meanings for different people. Microeconomics: Production Curve! Recognizing how easy it is to be misunderstood, skilled communicators choose familiar, concrete words. In choosing proper words. and symbols, senders must be alert to the receivers communication skills, atti- tudes, background, experiences, and culture.

Including a smiley face in an e-mail. announcement to stockholders may turn them off. ered by computer, wireless network, smartphone, letter, memorandum, report, announcement, image, spoken word, fax, Web page, or some other channel. Todays. messages are increasingly carried over digital networks with much opportunity for. distraction and mc jay z breakdown. Receivers may be overloaded with incoming messages. Sender message Sender selects Receiver Feedback.

has idea channel, decodes returns to. transmits message sender. background, of message, feedback message complete response. Decide on purpose communication skills, required, interactivity that reveals compre- of message experience, culture, Strive to understand hension of message. context Choose a channel that both verbal and meaning. Analyze idea and the receiver prefers nonverbal cues.

how it can best be Choose concrete Begin the cycle again. presented words and Think of ways to reduce Ignore distractions when the receiver. appropriate symbols channel noise and Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Curve becomes the sender. Anticipate effect distractions Create receptive with the same. on receiver Encourage feedback environment concerns. Be aware of competing. messages Expect to panjabi z learn. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the Production Essays, overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to define plagioclimax remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

or unable to Microeconomics: The Production receive messages clearly on their devices. Only well-crafted messages. may be accepted, understood, and communication examples acted on. Anything that interrupts the trans- mission of a message in The Possibilities Curve, the communication process is pianos, called noise. Channel noise.

may range from Microeconomics: The Essays, a weak Internet signal to sloppy formatting and typos in silent rachel carson, e-mail. messages. Noise may even include the annoyance a receiver feels when the sender. chooses an improper channel for transmission or when the receiver is overloaded. with messages and information. message from its symbol form into Microeconomics: Possibilities Essays meaning involves decoding. Only when the. receiver understands the meaning intended by examples the senderthat is, successfully. decodes the messagedoes communication take place. Such success is often diffi- cult to achieve because of a number of barriers that block the Production Possibilities Essays, process.

of the communication process. Feedback helps the analysis, sender know that the message. was received and understood. Senders can encourage feedback by asking ques- tions such as Am I making myself clear? and Microeconomics: The Production Is there anything you dont under- stand? Senders can further improve feedback by timing the delivery appropriately.

and by providing only as much information as the receiver can handle. Receivers. improve the communication process by providing clear and complete feedback. In the poem, business world, one of the best ways to advance understanding is to Possibilities Essays para- phrase the senders message with comments such as Let me try to explain that in. business writing, summarize able communication channels to spring create, transmit, and respond to messages. The! Nearly. the 3-x-3 writing process, and mc jay all business communication, however, revolves around writing.

Whether you are. explain how it guides a writer. preparing a message that will be delivered digitally, orally, or in print, that message. requires thinking and The Production Possibilities Curve Essays writing. Many of your messages will be digital. Mc Jay! A digital message may be defined. as one that is Microeconomics: The Curve Essays, generated, stored, processed, and transmitted electronically by.

computers using strings of positive and nonpositive binary code (0s and 1s). That. definition encompasses many forms, including e-mail, Facebook posts, tweets, and other messages. For our purposes, we will focus primarily on messages. exchanged on the job. Because writing is central to all business communication, this chapter presents a systematic plan for pianos major preparing business messages in Essays, the.

from other writing you have done. In preparing high school or college compositions. and term papers, you probably focused on discussing your feelings or displaying. your knowledge. Your instructors wanted to Technology / Innocent People:
A (German Reich Railway) see your thought processes, and they.

wanted assurance that you had internalized the subject matter. You may have had. to meet a minimum word count. Business writing is definitely not like that! It also.

differs from personal texts you may exchange with your friends and Microeconomics: The Possibilities Essays family. These. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at communication any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. messages enable you to stay connected and express your feelings.

In the workplace, Office sjenner13/iStock/Thinkstock. however, you will want your writing to be: Insider. ?? Purposeful. The Production Possibilities Essays! You will be writing to solve problems and convey information. You. Writing in the Harvard. will have a definite strategy to fulfill in each message. Business Review, David. ?? Economical. Panjabi! You will try to Microeconomics: Production Essays present ideas clearly but concisely. Length is not Silverman blasts an.

educational system that. rewarded. rewards length over. ?? Audience oriented. You will concentrate on looking at a problem from the clarity. Students learn. to overwrite, he says, in.

perspective of the z, audience instead of seeing it from your own. hopes that at least some. These distinctions actually ease your task. You wont be searching your of their sentences hit. imagination for creative topic ideas. You wont be stretching your ideas to Production Possibilities Curve make the mark. Once on the. them appear longer. Sonata For Two Pianos In D Major! Writing consultants and Production Possibilities Essays businesspeople complain that many job, they continue to act. college graduates entering industry have a consciousor perhaps unconscious as if they were paid by. perception that quantity enhances quality. Wrong!

Get over the notion that longer the word, a perception. is better. Whether you are presenting your message in an e-mail message, in a busi- that must be unlearned.. ness report, or at a wiki site, conciseness and clarity are what count in business. The ability to prepare purposeful, concise, and audience-centered messages David Silverman, business- does not come naturally. Monstrous Of The Reich Railway)! Very few people, especially beginners, can sit down and Microeconomics: Production man, entrepreneur, and. compose an effective e-mail message, letter, or report without training.

However, blogger. following a systematic process, studying model messages, and practicing the craft. can make nearly anyone a successful business writer or speaker. 39. systematic plan. The 3-x-3 writing process breaks the entire task into three phases: prewriting, drafting, and revising, as shown in Figure 2.2. McDonalds franchise. At rush times, you face a problem. Customers complain. about the chaotic multiple waiting lines to approach the service counter. You once.

saw two customers nearly get into a fistfight over sonata cutting into a line. Whats more, customers often are so intent on looking for ways to improve their positions in. line that they fail to examine the menu. Then they are undecided when their turn. arrives.

You want to convince other franchise owners that a single-line (serpentine) system would work better. You could telephone the other owners. However, you. want to present a serious argument with good points that they will remember and. be willing to act on when they gather for their next district meeting. You decide to. send a persuasive e-mail that you hope will win their support. will be other franchise owners, some highly educated and The Curve others not. Your purpose. in writing is to convince them that a change in policy would improve customer. service.

You think that a single-line system, such as that used in banks, would. reduce chaos and assisi poem make customers happier because they would not have to worry. about where they are in line. message. The Possibilities Curve Essays! You are sure that some of the other owners will agree with you, but others. might fear that customers seeing a long single line might go elsewhere. Assisi Poem Analysis! In adapting. your message to the audience, you try to Microeconomics: Curve Essays think of the right words and the right tone. that will win approval. investigate other kinds of businesses that use single lines for customers.

You might. check your competitors. What are Wendys and communication Burger King doing? You might do. some calling to see whether other franchise owners are concerned about chaotic.

Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to The Production Curve remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Figure 2.2? The 3-x-3 Writing Process. ? W? hat?is?your?purpose? ? ?Gather?data?to?provide?facts.? ? ?What?do?you?want?the?receiver?to?do?or? ? ?Search?company?files,?previous?corre- ? E? dit?your?message?to?be?sure?it?is?clear,? ? ?What?channel?should?you?choose:?face- ? ?What?do?you?need?to?know?to?write?this? ? ?Revise?to?eliminate?wordy?fillers,?long? to-face?conversation,?group?meeting,? message?? ness?phrases. e-mail,?memo,?letter,?report,?blog,?wiki,? ? H? ow?much?does?the?audience?already? tweet,?etc.? ? D? evelop?parallelism. Anticipate ? ?Consider?using?headings?and? ? P? rofile?the?audience. Organize numbered?and?bulleted?lists?for?quick? ? W? hat?does?the?receiver?already?know?? ? O? rganize?direct?messages?with?the?big? reading. affect?your?organizational?strategy? closing.? ? T? ake?the?time?to?read?every?message? ? ?For?persuasive?or?negative?messages,?use? carefully.

? ? W? hat?techniques?can?you?use?to?adapt? ? L? ook?for?errors?in?spelling,?grammar,? your?message?to?its?audience? ? ?Prepare?a?first?draft,?usually?quickly.? ? H? ow?can?you?promote?feedback?? ? F? ocus?on?short,?clear?sentences?using? ? C? heck?to?be?sure?the?format?is? ? S? trive?to?use?positive,?conversational,? consistent. and?courteous?language. ? ?Build?paragraph?coherence?by? Evaluate. tional?expressions.? ? ?Does?the?tone?sound?pleasant?and? to see what ideas they have for solving the define plagioclimax, problem. your message. Production Possibilities! Should you start out by define offering your solution? Or should you work. up to it slowly, describing the Microeconomics: The Production Curve, problem, presenting your evidence, and then ending. with the solution? The final step in the second phase of the writing process is actu- ally drafting the assisi poem, letter. At this point many writers write quickly, realizing that they.

will polish their ideas when they revise. editing the message for clarity, conciseness, tone, and readability. Could parts of. it be rearranged to make your point more effectively? This is the Microeconomics: The Curve Essays, time when you. look for ways to improve the organization and tone of Technology People:
A of the (German Reich Railway) your message. Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve Essays! Next, you. will spend time proofreading carefully to ensure correct spelling, grammar, punc- tuation, and format. The final phase involves evaluating your message to decide.

whether it accomplishes your goal. the complexity of the problem, the purpose, the silent rachel carson, audience, and your schedule. On. 40 Chapter 2: Planning Business Messages. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at The Production Curve any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Figure 2.3? Scheduling the silent spring rachel, Writing Process. 50% linear set of steps, it actually is recursive, enabling writers to revise their work.

continually as they progress. However, careful planning can avoid wasted time. and frustration caused by rethinking and. reorganizing during drafting. 25 percent drafting, and 50 percent revising, as shown in Microeconomics: The Production Curve, Figure 2.3. time on the final phase of major revising and proofreading. The Production Possibilities Curve! Much depends, of course, on your project, its importance, and assisi poem your familiarity with it. What is The Possibilities Essays, critical to.

remember, though, is mc jay z, that revising is a major component of the writing process even. if the message is short. following the Production Possibilities, same order. Most business writing, however, is mc jay z, not that rigid. Although. writers perform the tasks described, the steps may be rearranged, abbreviated, or. repeated. Some writers revise every sentence and paragraph as they go.

Many find. that new ideas occur after they have begun to write, causing them to Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Curve Essays back up, alter. the organization, and rethink their plan. Beginning business writers often follow. the writing process closely. With experience, though, they will become like other.

good writers and presenters who alter, compress, and rearrange the steps as needed. a message what they are trying to for two pianos accomplish. If you analyze your purpose before you message, anticipate its. begin, you can avoid backtracking and starting over. Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve Essays! The remainder of this chapter audience, and select the best. covers the first phase of the writing process: analyzing the purpose for writing, antici- communication channel. pating how the plagioclimax, audience will react, and adapting the message to Microeconomics: The Production Essays the audience. tions: (a) Why am I sending this message? and (b) What do I hope to achieve?

Your. responses will determine how you organize and present your information. primary purpose may be merely to complete the assignment; secondary purposes. might be to make yourself look good and to earn an excellent grade. The primary. purposes for sending business messages are typically to internal communication examples inform and to persuade. A. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. secondary purpose is to promote goodwill. You and your organization want to look.

good in the eyes of your audience. dures, announce meetings, answer questions, and transmit findings. Some business. messages, however, are meant to persuade. Microeconomics: Production Possibilities Curve Essays! These messages sell products, convince. managers, motivate employees, and win over customers. Internal Communication! Persuasive and informative. messages are developed differently.

like? How will that person react to the message? Although one cant always know. exactly who the receiver is, it is possible to Microeconomics: Production Possibilities Curve imagine some of that persons character- istics. A copywriter at Lands End, the shopping and Internet retailer, pictures his. sister-in-law whenever he writes product descriptions for the catalog. Figure 2.4 will help you profile your audience. message and its context.

An analytical report that you compose for Monstrous Technology and Analysis Reichsbahn (German Railway) management. or an The Possibilities Essays, oral presentation that you deliver to poem a big group would, of course, demand. considerable audience anticipation. An e-mail message to a coworker or a message. to a familiar supplier might require only a few moments of The Production Possibilities Essays planning. would require you to think about the people in local, national, and spring carson international. audiences who might read that message. Similarly, posting brief messages at Production Curve Essays social. media sites such as Facebook, Twitter, and Tumblr should make you think about.

who will read the z, messages. How much of your day and life do you want to Microeconomics: The share? Will customers and business partners be reading your posts? the audience so that you can tailor your words to your readers. Remember that. they will be thinking, Whats in it for me (WIIFM)? One of the Monstrous People:
A Description of the Reich, most important. writing tips you can take away from this book is Microeconomics: Possibilities Essays, recognizing that every message. you write should begin with the notion that your audience is thinking WIIFM? What are my personal and professional addition to the primary audience?

relationships with this person? How do these people di er from the. What position does this person hold in the. primary audience? organization? Do I need to include more background. How much does this person know about. the subject?

How must I reshape my message to make it. What do I know about this persons understandable and acceptable to others to. whom it might be forwarded? education, beliefs, culture, and define attitudes? Should I expect a neutral, positive, or. negative response to my message?

Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. 2-3c Making Choices Based on Microeconomics: The Possibilities Essays, the Audience Profile. will discover what language is appropriate, whether you are free to use specialized. technical terms, whether you should explain the background, and so on. Profiling.

the audience helps you decide whether your tone should be formal or informal and. whether the receiver is likely to feel neutral, positive, or negative about your message. a secondary audience. For example, lets say you start to internal communication examples write an Production Curve, e-mail message. to your supervisor, Sheila, describing a problem you are having.

Halfway through. the message you realize that Sheila will probably forward this message to her boss, the vice president. Sheila will not want to summarize what you said; instead she. will take the easy route and merely forward your e-mail. When you realize that. the vice president will probably see this message, you decide to back up and use.

a more formal tone. You remove your inquiry about Sheilas family, you reduce. your complaints, and communication you tone down your language about why things went wrong. Instead, you provide more background information, and you are more specific in. explaining issues with which the vice president is unfamiliar. Analyzing the task. and anticipating the The Production Possibilities Curve Essays, audience help you adapt your message so it is effective for both. primary and assisi poem analysis secondary receivers. priate communication channel.

In this digital age, the number of channels continues. to expand, as shown in Figure 2.5. Whether to send an e-mail message, schedule a. interaction and Microeconomics: Production Possibilities Curve Essays online messages interoffice information, considerable. Richest medium. Monstrous Technology / Innocent Reichsbahn! consensus building that need a especially when data internally or. Best for Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities persuasive, when members are quick response e-mail is unavailable externally. bad-news, and dispersed. personal messages hi.hello M------E-----M-------O------ REPORT.

two people cannot messages that messages that with a wide repository for for two in d major digital. meet in person do not require require formality, Internet audience information that can. immediate feedback sensitivity, or a and encourage be easily changed. written record responses. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. video conference, or have a face-to-face conversation or group meeting depends on. some of the following factors: ?? Amount and speed of feedback and interactivity required.

?? Necessity of Microeconomics: Production Essays a permanent record. ?? Cost of the silent carson, channel. ?? Degree of formality desired. ?? Confidentiality and sensitivity of the message. ?? Receivers preference and level of technical expertise. channel is. Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities! The richness of a channel involves the extent to which it recre- ates or represents all the information available in the original message. Assisi Poem! A. richer medium, such as a face-to-face conversation, permits more interactivity. and feedback. A leaner medium, such as a letter or an Microeconomics: Production Essays, e-mail, presents a flat, one-dimensional message.

Richer media enable the sender to provide more. verbal and visual cues, as well as allow the sender to tailor the / Innocent Description Reichsbahn Reich, message to the. even misunderstood. If, for example, marketing manager Connor must motivate. the sales force to increase sales in the fourth quarter, he is The Production Possibilities Curve, unlikely to achieve his. goal if he merely posts an announcement on sonata for two pianos in d major, the office bulletin board, writes a. memo, or sends an e-mail. He could be more persuasive with a richer channel such.

as individual face-to-face conversations or a group meeting to stimulate sales. Microeconomics: The Production Curve! For. sales reps on the road, a richer medium would be a videoconference. Sonata For Two! Keep in Microeconomics: The Possibilities, mind. the following tips for choosing a communication channel: ?? Employ richer media for more persuasive or personal communications. Employ adaptive writing. techniques such as After analyzing the internal examples, purpose and anticipating the audience, writers begin to.

incorporating audience think about how to adapt a message to the task and the audience. Adaptation is. benefits, developing the you the The Production Possibilities Curve, process of spring rachel carson creating a message that suits the audience. Skilled communicators. view, and The using conversational employ a number of carson expert writing techniques such as featuring audience bene- but professional language. fits, cultivating a you view, and sounding conversational but professional. early statesmen and authors recognized this fundamental writing principle over. 200 years ago. In describing effective writing, Ben Franklin observed, To be. good, it ought to have a tendency to Production Possibilities Curve Essays benefit the reader.1 These wise words. have become a fundamental guideline for todays business communicators.

Expanding on Franklins counsel, a contemporary communication consultant. gives this solid advice to silent carson his business clients: Always stress the benefit to the. audience of whatever it is you are trying to get them to do. If you can show them. how you are going to save them frustration or help them meet their goals, you. have the makings of a powerful message.2 Remember, WIIFM! Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Production Possibilities Curve Essays! Cengage Learning reserves the right to silent rachel carson remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Adapting your message to the receivers needs means putting yourself in The Production Curve, that Office. persons shoes. Its called empathy. Silent Spring Carson! Empathic senders think about how a receiver will Insider. decode a message. They try to give something to the receiver, solve the receivers. problems, save the receivers money, or just understand the feelings and position of When it comes to. that person.

Which version of each of the The Production Possibilities Curve, following messages is pianos in d, more appealing to Microeconomics: The Production Curve writing engaging. the audience? content, you is Monstrous Technology / Innocent Description (German, the. most powerful word in. Sender Focus Audience Focus the English language, because people are. ? All employees are instructed here- ? By filling out the enclosed question- ultimately interested.

with to Microeconomics: Possibilities Essays fill out the enclosed ques- naire, you can be one of the first in fulfilling their own. tionnaire so that we can allocate our employees to sonata for two pianos in d major sign up for our training needs.. training funds to employees. funds. Brian Clark, founder of a. ? Our warranty becomes effective ? Your warranty begins working for top marketing blog called. only when we receive an owners you as soon as you return your Copyblogger. registration. owners registration.

2-4b Developing the Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve Essays, You View. the you view. They emphasize second-person pronouns (you, your) instead of. first-person pronouns (I/we, us, our). Whether your goal is to inform, persuade, or. promote goodwill, the catchiest words you can use are you and define your. Compare the. respond to the attached survey complete the attached survey about. about health benefits. health benefits. can do anything. so that I can locate your records and. help you solve this problem.

the second-person pronoun you. Readers and listeners appreciate genuine interest; on the other hand, they resent obvious attempts at manipulation. The authors of. some sales messages, for Microeconomics: Curve Essays example, are guilty of overkill when they include you. dozens of times in a direct-mail promotion.

Whats more, the word can some- times create the People:
A Description and Analysis of the Railway), wrong impression. Consider this statement: You cannot return. merchandise until you receive written approval. The word you appears twice, but the reader may feel singled out for criticism. Microeconomics: Production Possibilities! In the following version, the. message is less personal and more positive: Customers may return merchandise. with written approval. is that it may result in overuse of the passive voice. For example, to plagioclimax avoid writing. We will give you (active voice), you might write You will be given (passive. voice).

The active voice in writing is generally preferred because it identifies. who is doing the acting. You will learn more about active and passive voice in. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at The Possibilities Curve any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Jeff Kowalsky/Bloomberg/Getty Images In recognizing the value of the you view, however, you dont have to sonata sterilize your writing.

and totally avoid any first-person pronouns or. words that show your feelings. The Possibilities Curve Essays! You can convey. sincerity, warmth, and enthusiasm by the words. you choose. Plagioclimax! Dont be afraid of phrases such as. Im happy or Were delighted, if you truly are. When speaking face-to-face, you can show.

sincerity and Microeconomics: Curve warmth with nonverbal cues such. as a smile and a pleasant voice tone. In letters, e-mail messages, memos, and other digital. messages, however, only expressive words and. phrases can show your feelings. Define! These phrases. suggest hidden messages that say, You are. important, I hear you, and Im honestly trying. W hile addressing a panel at the 2014 Consumer. Electronics Show, Ford marketing chief Jim Most business messages replace conversation. Farley stirred controversy in comments Thats why they are most effective when they.

meant to showcase the automakers advanced GPS convey an informal, conversational tone instead. of a formal, pretentious tone. Just how informal. features. Instead of The Production Curve Essays selling consumers on the benefits you can be depends greatly on the workplace. privacy policies, Google recently wrote, we. and we know when youre doing it, he said. Silent Rachel Carson! We have believe this stuff matters.3 In more traditional.

been more formal. The dilemma for you, then, is. remark startled listeners and The Possibilities Curve violated nearly every knowing how casual to silent spring be in your writing. We. rule of Microeconomics: The Curve audience-focused communication. Ford quickly suggest that you strive to be conversational but. denounced the comments.

How might automakers professional, especially until you learn what your. adopt the for two pianos in d major, you view to emphasize the benefits of organization prefers. in-dash navigation services to customers?4. other short messaging channels enable you and. your coworkers to have spontaneous conversa- tions. Dont, however, let your messages become sloppy, unprofessional, or even. dangerous. You will learn more about the dangers of e-mail and other digital chan- nels later. At this point, though, we focus on Microeconomics: Production Possibilities, the tone of the Monstrous Technology / Innocent People:
A Description of the Reich, language.

To project a professional image, you want to sound educated and mature. Overuse of expressions such as totally awesome, you know, and like, as well as. a reliance on unnecessary abbreviations (BTW for by the way), make a business- person sound like a teenager. Professional messages do not include texting-style. abbreviations, slang, sentence fragments, and chitchat. We urge you to strive for a. warm, conversational tone that avoids low-level diction. Levels of diction, as shown. in Figure 2.6, range from unprofessional to formal. Your goal is to convey a warm, friendly tone that sounds professional.

Although some writers are too casual, others are overly formal. To impress. readers and listeners, they use big words, long sentences, legal terminology, and third-person constructions. Stay away from The Production Curve, expressions such as the Monstrous Technology / Innocent Description and Analysis Reichsbahn (German Reich Railway), under- signed, the writer, and Microeconomics: Production Possibilities Curve Essays the affected party. You will sound friendlier with familiar. pronouns such as I, we, and you. The following examples illustrate a profes- sional yet conversational tone: Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at mc jay any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. check with me b4 announcing it. Please check with me before announcing it.

figures dont look kosher. Show me some real stats. please submit the source statistics. ? Please return your contracts to me. ? All employees are herewith instructed to return the. appropriately designated contracts to the undersigned. ? We will send your order as soon as we confirm the. ? Pertaining to The Production your order, we must verify the sizes. that your organization requires prior to consign- ment of your order to our shipper. (Low-level diction) (Middle-level diction) (High-level diction) niques that improve the clarity, tone, and effectiveness of a message.

These skillful writing techniques including. techniques include using a positive and Monstrous / Innocent People:
A and Analysis Railway) courteous tone, bias-free language, simple the use of a positive and. expression, and precise words. Take a look at Figure 2.7 to see how a writer can courteous tone, bias-free. improve an e-mail message by applying numerous expert writing techniques. language, plain language, and.

than negative language. The Production Curve Essays! Positive language generally conveys more information than. negative language does. Moreover, positive messages are uplifting and Monstrous Description of the Reichsbahn pleasant to. read. Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve Essays! Positive wording tells what is and internal what can be done rather than what isnt. and what cant be done. For example, Your order cannot be shipped by January 10. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the Microeconomics: Production Essays, overall learning experience.

Cengage Learning reserves the right to silent spring rachel carson remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Figure 2.7? Applying Expert Writing Techniques to Improve an Microeconomics: Production Curve, E-Mail Message. rather than (aforementioned, presenting ideas with stipulates, entice) audience bene ts Doesnt use plain. Presents ideas English or. negatively (penalty, conversational tone. must not drive, (pertaining to, will not be limited, will herewith, facilitating, not be forced) and above-referenced) assumes driver will be.

view and audience. Phrases option in. bulleted list with. highlighting bene ts. (day off, less driving. stress, lower gas bill) and familiar words. supply store adjacent to an ice cream parlor in poem, Portland, Maine, posted a sign on. its door that reads: Please enjoy your ice cream before you enjoy our store. That. sounds much more positive and inviting than No food allowed!5.

48 Chapter 2: Planning Business Messages. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Microeconomics: The Production! Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Using positive language also involves avoiding negative words that create ill Office. will. Some words appear to blame or accuse your audience.

For example, opening Insider. a letter to a customer with You claim that suggests that you dont believe the. customer. Other loaded words that can get you in trouble are complaint, criticism, Negative tone can. defective, failed, mistake, and neglected. Panjabi Mc Jay Z! Also avoid phrases such as you appar- hurt your company.

ently are unaware of or you did not provide or you misunderstood or you dont in many ways. Microeconomics: The Production Curve! It can. understand. Often you may be unaware of the effect of these words. Analysis! Notice in the lose customers, it can. following examples how you can revise the negative tone to create a more positive generate lawsuits and, impression. if inflammatory rhetoric. is found in a discover- Negative Positive able e-mail or log notes, a few words might. ? This plan definitely cannot succeed ? This plan definitely can succeed if we cost your company a. if we dont obtain management obtain management approval. Production Possibilities! whopping settlement and. approval. punitive damages in a. ? We look forward to completing your bad-faith lawsuit..

? You failed to include your credit card order as soon as we receive your. number, so we cant mail your order. credit card number. Gary Blake, National. Underwriter Life Health- ? Your letter of May 2 claims that you ? Your May 2 letter describes a Financial Services. returned a defective headset. headset you returned. ? Employees cannot park in Lot H until ? Employees may park in Lot H starting. April 1. April 1. avoiding words that sound demanding or preachy.

Expressions such as you should, you must, and you have to cause people to internal examples instinctively react with Oh, yeah? One. remedy is to The Production Essays turn these demands into rhetorical questions that begin with Will you. please. . . . Giving reasons for a request also softens the tone. temper or being sarcastic will seldom accomplish your goals as a business commu- nicator: to inform, to persuade, and to create goodwill. When you are irritated, frustrated, or infuriated, keep cool and try to defuse the situation. Silent Rachel Carson! In dealing with.

customers in telephone conversations, use polite phrases such as these: I would be. happy to assist you with that, Thank you for being so patient, and It was a pleasure. speaking with you. ? Cant you people get anything right? This is. ? Please credit my account for $340. My latest statement. the second time Ive written! shows that the Production, error noted in my letter of May 15 has not. yet been corrected.

? Stewart, you must complete all performance. reviews by mc jay Friday. The Production Essays! ? Stewart, will you please complete all performance. reviews by Friday. ? Am I the silent spring rachel, only one who can read the Microeconomics: The Production, operating. manual? ? Lets review the operating manual together so that you. can get your documents to print correctly next time. Chapter 2: Planning Business Messages.

Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Monstrous Technology / Innocent People:
A Description And Analysis Of The (German Reich Railway)! Cengage Learning reserves the right to Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. 2-5c Employing Bias-Free Language. free. Few writers set out to be offensive. Sometimes, though, we all say things that. we never thought could be hurtful. Assisi Poem! The real problem is that we dont think about. the words that stereotype groups of Microeconomics: The Possibilities people, such as the boys in the mail room or the. girls in the front office.

Be cautious about expressions that might be biased in terms. of gender, race, ethnicity, age, and disability. for words involving man or woman, by rachel carson using plural nouns and pronouns, or by. changing to a gender-free word (person or representative). Avoid the his or her. option whenever possible. Its wordy and conspicuous. With a little effort, you can. usually find a construction that is Microeconomics: Production Possibilities, graceful, grammatical, and unself-conscious. subjective (such as spry old codger).

To avoid disability bias, do not refer to an. individuals disability unless it is relevant. When necessary, use terms that do not. stigmatize people with disabilities. The following examples give you a quick look. at a few problem expressions and sonata pianos in d possible replacements. The real key to bias-free.

communication, though, lies in your awareness and commitment. Be on Microeconomics: Essays, the lookout. to be sure that your messages do not exclude, stereotype, or offend people. ? female doctor, woman attorney, cleaning woman ? doctor, attorney, cleaner. ? waiter/waitress, authoress, stewardess ? server, author, flight attendant. ? mankind, man-hour, man-made ? humanity, working hours, artificial. ? office girls ? office workers. ? the doctor . Define! . . he ? doctors . . The Production Curve Essays! . they.

? the teacher . . . she ? teachers . . . they. ? executives and their wives ? executives and internal their spouses. ? foreman, flagman, workman, craftsman ? lead worker, flagger, worker, artisan. ? businessman, salesman ? businessperson, sales representative. ? Each employee had his picture taken. ? Each employee had a picture taken. Each employee had his or her picture taken. ? An Indian accountant was hired. ? An accountant was hired.

? James Lee, an African-American, applied. ? James Lee applied. ? The law applied to old people. ? The law applied to people over sixty-five. ? Sally Kay, 55, was transferred. ? Sally Kay was transferred. ? a sprightly old gentleman ? a man. ? a little old lady ? a woman. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the Production Curve Essays, right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Disability Biased Bias Free. ? afflicted with arthritis, crippled by arthritis ? has arthritis. ? confined to a wheelchair ? uses a wheelchair.

that you think audience members will recognize. Sonata For Two Pianos! Dont, however, avoid a big word. that conveys your idea efficiently and is appropriate for Microeconomics: The Curve Essays the audience. Your goal is. to shun pompous and pretentious language. Sonata For Two Pianos In D Major! Instead, use GO words. If you mean. begin, dont say commence or initiate. If you mean pay, dont write compensate. The Production Essays! By.

substituting everyday, familiar words for unfamiliar ones, as shown here, you help. your audience comprehend your ideas quickly. ? commensurate ? equal Insider. ? interrogate ? question. ? materialize ? appear Simple changes can. ? obfuscate ? confuse have profound results. . . . ? remuneration ? pay, salary Plain talk isnt only. ? terminate ? end rewriting.

Its rethinking. your approach and. At the same time, be selective in your use of jargon. Assisi Poem Analysis! Jargon describes technical really personalizing your sjenner13/iStock/Thinkstock. or specialized terms within a field. These terms enable insiders to communicate message to The Production Possibilities the audience. complex ideas briefly, but to Monstrous / Innocent Description Reich outsiders they mean nothing.

Human resources profes- and to the reader.. sionals, for example, know precisely whats meant by cafeteria plan (a benefits. option program), but most of us would be thinking about Essays lunch. Geologists refer to Janet Shimabukuro, manager, plate tectonics, and physicians discuss metastatic carcinomas. These terms mean Taxpayers Services, little to most of us. Sonata For Two Pianos In D Major! Use specialized language only when the audience will under- Department of Microeconomics: The Production Curve Revenue, stand it. Poem! In addition, dont forget to consider secondary audiences: Will those poten- Washington State. tial receivers understand any technical terms used? 2-5e Using Precise, Vigorous Words. interested. Dont overlook the Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Curve Essays, thesaurus (also available online or on Monstrous People:
A of the Railway), your computer) for expanding your word choices and Microeconomics: The Possibilities Essays vocabulary.

Whenever possible, use precise, specific words, as shown here: ? a change in profits. ? to say ? a 25 percent hike in profits. ? to think about a 10 percent plunge in assisi poem analysis, profits. to allege, assert, assume, judge. to probe, examine, inspect. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Summary of Learning Objectives. 2-1 Discuss the five steps in the communication process.

The message travels over a channel (such as an e-mail, website, tweet, letter, or smartphone call). Noise (loud sounds, misspelled words, or other distractions) may interfere with the transmission. The receiver decodes (interprets) the message and The Production Curve Essays may respond with feedback. 2-2 Recognize the goals of business writing, summarize the Technology / Innocent People:
A Description of the Reichsbahn (German, 3-x-3 writing process, and explain how it. The 3-x-3 writing process helps writers create efficient and effective messages. Phase 1 (prewriting): analyze the message, anticipate the audience, and The consider how to spring adapt the message to the. Phrase 3 (revising): edit, proofread, and evaluate the message. 2-3 Analyze the purpose of a message, anticipate its audience, and select the best communication. Select the appropriate channel to Microeconomics: Possibilities Essays inform, persuade, or convey goodwill. After identifying the purpose, visualize both the primary and sonata pianos in d major secondary audiences. Remember that receivers will usually be thinking, Whats in it for me (WIIFM)?

Select the best channel by Microeconomics: The Production Curve considering (a) the importance of the message, (b) the amount and speed of feedback. (f) the confidentiality and sensitivity of the message, and (g) the receivers preference and level of technical. Apply the rachel carson, you view without attempting to manipulate. Use conversational but professional language. 2-5 Develop additional expert writing techniques including the use of a positive and courteous tone, bias-free language, plain language, and Microeconomics: Curve precise words. (The project will be successful with your support rather than The project wont be successful without your support). Provide reasons for panjabi mc jay a request to Possibilities Curve Essays soften the internal examples, tone of a message.

Avoid biased language that excludes, stereotypes, or offends people (lady lawyer, spry old gentleman, confined to a. (analyze instead of think about). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the Microeconomics: The Curve, overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to plagioclimax remove additional content at Possibilities Essays any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. 2. List the five steps in the communication process. Analysis! (Obj. 1) 4. Describe the components in each stage of the 3-x-3 writing process.

Approximately how much time is spent on each stage? 6. What seven factors should writers consider in selecting an The Possibilities Curve Essays, appropriate channel to define plagioclimax deliver a message? (Obj. Production Possibilities Curve Essays! 3) 8. How can a business writer sound conversational but also be professional? (Obj. 4) Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Assisi Analysis! Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at The Production Possibilities Curve Essays any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

9. Why is positive wording more effective in business messages than negative wording? (Obj. 5) 12. For Two Pianos! Why do you think employers prefer messages that are not written like high school and college essays? (Obj. 2)

13. Why should business writers strive to use short, familiar, simple words? Does this dumb down business messages? (Obj. Microeconomics: Production Curve! 5) 14. Z! A wise observer once said that bad writing makes smart people look dumb. Microeconomics: Production Curve! Do you agree or disagree, and why? (Objs. 15) 15. In a letter to the editor, a teacher criticized an z, article in USA Today on autism because it used the term autistic child rather than. For example, instead of identifying someone as a disabled person, one would say, she has a disability.

What does people-first. language mean? Can language change perceptions? (Obj. Production Essays! 5) 16. We have prepared the enclosed form that may be used by victims to report identity theft to creditors. website to your employees and customers. double-endorsed checks presented by our customers. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to Technology / Innocent and Analysis Reichsbahn (German remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

21. Our warranty goes into effect only Microeconomics: Production Essays when we have received the products registration card from the purchaser. communicating by e-mail and plagioclimax avoiding printing. 24. Per your recent e-mail, the undersigned takes pride in informing you that we are pleased to The Production Possibilities Curve Essays be able to participate in assisi analysis, the Toys for. before November 1. 30. Employees are not allowed to The Production Curve Essays use instant messaging until a company policy is established.

Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. 31. We must withhold authorizing payment of your consultants fees because our CPA claims that your work is mc jay z, incomplete. read can see from the attached documents that Ive tried to Microeconomics: The Production explain this to you before. Next time read page 18 carefully so that you will know how to attach this blade.

we find it necessary to impose this new rule so that we can protect your personal information and company records. 36. Every employee must wear his photo identification on the job. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Plain Language and Familiar Words (Obj. 5) 42.

The salary we are offering is Technology / Innocent People:
A (German Railway), commensurate with remuneration for other managers. 47. Government economists (say, hypothesize, predict) that employment will (stabilize, stay the same, even out) next year. of economic growth. new) level of risk and Microeconomics: The Production Essays complexity. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the define, overall learning experience. Microeconomics: Production Essays! Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. been learning. Rewriting is an excellent way to help you build writing skills.

It enables you to focus on revising and not on supplying. a context or generating imaginary facts. Your instructors feedback regarding your strengths and challenges will speed your growth. as a business communicator. Note: Radical Rewrites are provided at for you to internal communication examples download and The Production Possibilities revise. Your instructor may show a. Your Task. Analyze the message and list at least five writing faults. Pay special attention to its tone. Your instructor may ask you to.

revise the Monstrous Description Reichsbahn (German Reich Railway), message so that it reflects some of the expert writing techniques you learned in this chapter. Microeconomics: Production Curve! How can you make this mes- sage more courteous, positive, and precise? In addition, think about for two pianos in d using familiar words and developing the you view. From: Sybil Montrose [email protected] Subject: Problematic Online Use by Employees. Attached: E-Mail and Internet Policy.

Once again I have the decidedly unpleasant task of reminding all employees that you may NOT utilize company computers or. the Internet other than for work-related business and Curve essential personal messages. Effective immediately a new policy must be. Our guys in IT tell me that our bandwidth is now seriously compromised by plagioclimax some of you boys and girls who are using company. computers for Facebooking, blogging, shopping, chatting, gaming, and downloading streaming video.

Yes, we have given you the. right to use e-mail responsibly for essential personal messages. That does not, however, include checking your Facebook or other. social accounts during work hours or downloading shows or sharing music. We distributed an e-mail policy a little while ago. We have now found it necessary to amplify and extrapolate that policy to include. use of the Internet. If our company fails to control its e-mail and Internet use, you will continue to suffer slow downloads and.

virus intrusions. You may also lose the right to use e-mail altogether. Microeconomics: Curve! In the communication, past every employee has had the right to send a. personal e-mail occasionally, but he must use that right carefully. We dont want to prohibit the personal use of e-mail entirely. Dont make me do this! You will be expected to study the attached E-Mail and Internet policy and return the signed form with your agreement to adhere to. this policy.

You must return this form by March 1. Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve! No exceptions! Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Assisi Poem Analysis! Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at Microeconomics: any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. channels shown are available, ranging from face-to-face conversations to instant messages, blogs, and wikis. Be prepared to justify. your choices based on the richness of communication each channel. a. As part of a task force to investigate cell phone marketing, you need to Possibilities Curve establish a central location where each team member can. b. Youre sitting on the couch in the evening watching TV when you suddenly remember that you were supposed to send Jeremy. some information about for two major a shared project. Microeconomics: The Production Curve! Should you text him right away before you forget?

c. As an event planner, you have been engaged to examples research sites for a celebrity golf tournament. What is the best channel for. conveying your findings to your boss or planning committee? d. You want to The Curve Essays persuade your manager to change your work schedule. e. As a sales manager, you want to know which of your sales reps in spring, the field are available immediately for a quick teleconference. f. You need to know whether Amanda in Reprographics can produce a rush job for you in Production Possibilities Curve Essays, two days. g. Your firm must respond to a notice from the Internal Revenue Service announcing that the company owes a penalty because it. underreported its income in the previous fiscal year. write the word that completes the statement correctly and panjabi mc jay z the number of the G/M principle illustrated.

When you finish, compare. your responses with those provided near the end of the Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve, book. If your responses differ, study carefully the principles in Technology / Innocent and Analysis Reichsbahn Reich, parentheses. _it_s________________1_.0_9_d_ Example? The Employee Development Committee will make (its, their) recommendation soon. ______________________ 1. The manager said that Elena would call. Microeconomics: The Production! Was it (she, her) who left the message? ______________________ 2. Every member of the mens soccer team must have (his, their) medical exam completed by for two pianos in d major Monday.

______________________ 3. Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve! Even instant messages sent between the CEO and (he, him) were revealed in / Innocent People:
A Description and Analysis of the Railway), the court case. ______________________ 4. (Who, Whom) have you hired to create cutting-edge ads for The Production Possibilities us? ______________________ 5. It looks as if (yours, yours) is the only report that cites electronic sources correctly. ______________________ 6. Mark asked Catherine and (I, me, myself) to help him complete his research. ______________________ 7. My friend and (I, me, myself) were interviewed for the same job. ______________________ 8. To park the car, turn (its, its) wheels to examples the left. ______________________ 9. Give the budget figures to (whoever, whomever) asked for them. ______________________ 10. Everyone except the interviewer and (I, me, myself) noticed the alarm.

______________________ 11. No one knows that case better than (he, him, himself). ______________________ 12. A proposed budget was sent to Production Curve (we, us) owners before the vote. ______________________ 13. One of the assisi, female travelers left (their, her) smartphone on the seat. ______________________ 14. Neither the glamour nor the excitement of the Vegas job had lost (its, its, their) appeal. ______________________ 15. Microeconomics:! If neither Cory nor I receive confirmation of our itinerary, (him and me, him and I, he and I)

Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. about beverage sweeteners from a researcher to his boss. Internal Communication Examples! However, the message suffers from proofreading, spelling, grammar, punc- tuation, and Microeconomics: Production Curve Essays other writing faults that require correction. Monstrous People:
A And Analysis Reichsbahn (German Railway)! Study the guidelines in the Grammar/Mechanics Handbook. The Production Essays! as well as the. lists of Confusing Words and sonata for two pianos in d major Frequently Misspelled Words at the end of the book to sharpen your skills. Your Task. Curve! Edit the assisi, following message (a) by correcting errors in your textbook or on Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve Essays, a photocopy using proofreading marks from. Appendix A or (b) by downloading the message from and correcting at your computer.

Your instructor may. show you a possible solution. From: Aliriza Kasra [email protected] Subject: Sending Information on Beverage Sweeteners. Orenstein and Monstrous / Innocent (German I pertaining to sweeteners. The Production Curve Essays! As you probaly already know, Coca-Cola co.

and PepsiCo inc. market many drinks using sweeteners that are new to the market. Which it considers a natural sweetener because it is derived from an herb. The initial. launch focused on locations and events oriented to teenagers and young adults. According to pianos in d major inside information obtained by Microeconomics: The Production Ollie and I, this product was tested on. the shelfs of grocerys, mass merchants, and conveience stores in 5 citys in Florida. collaboration with Green earth sweetener co.

Its called Pure Via. The ?rst products. that contained the sweetener were 3 ?avors of zero-calorie SoBe Lifewater. It may. also be used in a orange-juice drink with half the calorys and sugar of orange juice. Another new sweetener is Nectresse, marketed by Splenda.

It comes from the panjabi z, monk. fruit. Which has been cultivated for centurys, and only recently rediscovered as a. source of natural sweetness. for these new sweeteners. FDA approval was an issue because studys conducted in. the early 1990s suggested that their was possible adverse health effects from the Microeconomics: Production Possibilities Curve Essays, use. of stevia-based products. However the herb has been aproved for use in 12 countrys. the market. We cannot submit our full report until October 15. Research and Development.

Of?ce: (927) 443-9920. Cell: (927) 442-2310. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Communication Career Skills. Solving, and Decision Making! check their brains at the door and panjabi do only Microeconomics: The Production Curve as told.

Today, you important. will be expected to use your brain and think critically. You will. be solving problems and plagioclimax making decisions. Much of this book is Choose the best alternative and Microeconomics: The Possibilities test it. Select an spring, alterna- devoted to Microeconomics: The Curve helping you solve problems and define communicate those tive, and try it out to see if it meets your expectations. If it.

decisions to management, fellow workers, clients, the govern- does, put your decision it into action. If it doesnt, rethink your. ment, and The Possibilities Essays the public. Faced with a problem or an issue, most of alternatives. The freight company decided to internal examples give its unhappy. us do a lot of worrying before identifying the Microeconomics:, issues or making a customers free delivery service to make up for z the lost pack- decision. You can convert all that worrying to directed thinking ages and downtime. Production Curve Essays! Be sure to continue monitoring and. by channeling it into the following procedure: adjusting the solution to ensure its effectiveness over time. recognize that a problem exists.

Some problems are big and spring rachel carson lem (discussed on page 39) in Essays, which customers and some fran- unmistakable, such as failure of an air-freight delivery service chise owners are unhappy with the multiple lines for service. to get packages to customers on time. Other problems may Customers dont seem to know where to panjabi mc jay stand to be the next. be continuing annoyances, such as regularly running out of served. Tempers flare when aggressive customers cut in line, and.

toner for Microeconomics: Possibilities an office copy machine. The first step in reaching a other customers spend so much time protecting their places in. solution is poem, pinpointing the problem. line that they are not ready to Microeconomics: The Production order. As a franchise owner, you. want to solve this problem. Any new procedures, however, must. Gather information. Learn more about the problem situation. be approved by panjabi mc jay a majority of McDonalds owners in The Production Possibilities Essays, your district. Look for possible causes and solutions. This step may mean You know that McDonalds management feels that the multi- checking files, calling suppliers, or brainstorming with fellow line system accommodates higher volumes of customers more. workers.

For example, the air-freight delivery service would quickly than a single-line system does. In addition, customers are. investigate the tracking systems of the commercial airlines turned off when they see a long line. carrying its packages to determine what is going wrong. Evaluate the evidence. Where did the define plagioclimax, information come. from? Does it represent various points of view? What biases Individually or with a team, use the critical-thinking steps. could be expected from each source? How accurate is the outlined here.

Begin by clarifying the problem. information gathered? Is it fact or opinion? For example, it is. a fact that packages are missing; it is an opinion that they are Where could you gather information? Would it be wise to. merely lost and will turn up eventually. see what your competitors are doing? How do banks handle. customer lines?

Airlines? Consider alternatives and implications. Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve! Draw conclu- sions from the sonata for two, gathered evidence and Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve Essays pose solutions. For Two Pianos In D Major! Then Evaluate your findings and consider alternatives. What are. weigh the advantages and disadvantages of each alternative. the Microeconomics: Curve, pros and cons of each alternative? What are the costs, benefits, and consequences? What are.

the obstacles, and how can they be handled? Most impor- With your team, choose the best alternative. Present your. tant, what solution best serves your goals and those of internal communication examples your recommendation to Possibilities Curve your class and give your reasons for. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the z, overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. endNotes 5? Be positive. (2009, March). Communication Briefings, p. 5. Adapted from. Brandi, J. The Possibilities! Winning at customer retention at http://www. 1? Arnold, V. (1986, August). Benjamin Franklin on writing well.

Personnel 6? Link, S. (2012, May 2). Plagioclimax! Use person first language. [Letter to editor]. USA. 2? Bacon, M. (1988, April). Quoted in Business writing: One-on-one speaks Today, p. 6A.

best to Microeconomics: Production Possibilities Essays the masses. Training, p. 95. Ford exec apologizes for saying company tracks customers with GPS. The Detroit News. Retrieved from The Detroit News. Retrieved from

Financial Services Edition, 106(44), 35. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to Monstrous People:
A of the (German Reich remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Organizing and Drafting Chapter. you should be able to. Apply Phase 2 of the 3-x-3. lots of people believe they will never be required to write on the job. The truth is, however, that business, technical, and The Production Possibilities professional people in this digital age are background information. exchanging more messages than ever before.

The more quickly you can put your. ideas down and the more clearly you can explain what needs to be said, the more 3-2. successful and happy you will be in your career. Organize information into. three chapters to define plagioclimax teaching you a tried-and-true writing process, summarized in.

Figure 3.1 This process guides you through the steps necessary to write rapidly but, 3-3. more important, clearly. Instead of Production Possibilities struggling with a writing assignment and not Compose the first draft of. knowing where to begin or what to say, you can use this effective process both in. school and on the job. a message using a variety.

the importance of using a conversational tone, positive language, plain and cour- teous expression, and familiar words. This chapter addresses the second stage of avoiding sentence fragments, the process, which involves gathering information, organizing it into plagioclimax outlines, and. drafting messages. run-on sentences, and. Improve your writing by. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Office 3-1a G etting Started Requires Researching Background. todays electronic commu- information. We call this process research, a rather formal-sounding term. Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities! For our.

nications, one might purposes, however, research simply means collecting information about a certain. think that the sonata major, value of topic. This is an Production Essays, important step in the writing process because that information helps. fundamental writing the writer shape the internal, message. The Production Possibilities Curve! Discovering significant information after a message is half. skills has diminished in completed often means having to start over Description and Analysis Reich Railway) and reorganize. Essays! To avoid frustration and. the workplace. Panjabi Mc Jay Z! Actually inaccurate messages, writers collect information that answers several questions: the need to write clearly.

and quickly has never ?? What does the receiver need to know about this topic? been more important ?? What is the Possibilities Curve, receiver to do? than in todays highly ?? How is the for two in d major, receiver to do it? competitive, technology- ?? When must the receiver do it? driven global economy. ?? What will happen if the The Production Possibilities Curve Essays, receiver doesnt do it? and chief executive officer of in your head or at your fingertips, you must conduct research. This research may. EMC Corporation be informal or formal. reports, and oral presentationsrequire information that you can collect infor- Apply Phase 2 of the 3-x-3 mally. Where can you find information before starting a project?

The following. writing process, which begins techniques are useful in plagioclimax, informal research: with formal and informal ?? Search your companys files. If you are responding to an inquiry or drafting a. research to collect back- ground information. routine message, you often can find background information such as previous. correspondence in your own files or those of the company. You might consult the. company wiki or other digital and manual files. Curve! You might also consult colleagues.

?? Talk with the boss. Get information from the individual making the assignment. What does that person know about the topic? What slant should you take? What other sources would that person suggest? ?? Interview the target audience. Z! Consider talking with individuals at whom.

the message is aimed. They can provide clarifying information that tells. purpose. Production Curve Essays! What do you want the by searching files and the Internet. long lead-ins, redundancies, and. receiver to do or believe? trite business phrases. Strive for. Organize: Arrange direct messages parallelism, clarity, conciseness, and. Anticipate: What does the audience with the big idea first. For persua- readability. already know? How will it receive this sive or negative messages, use an.

message? indirect, problem-solving strategy. Proofread: Check carefully for define errors. in spelling, grammar, punctuation, Adapt: Think about The Production Curve Essays techniques Draft: Prepare the spring carson, first draft, using and format. to present this message most active-voice sentences, coherent. effectively. Consider how to elicit paragraphs, and appropriate transi- Evaluate: Will this message achieve. feedback. tional expressions. your purpose? Is the Production Possibilities Curve, tone pleasant? Did you encourage feedback? Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience.

Cengage Learning reserves the right to Monstrous Technology / Innocent People:
A Description of the Reichsbahn (German Reich Railway) remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. you what they want to know and how you wavebreakmedia/ should shape your remarks. Microeconomics: Production Possibilities Curve Essays! Suggestions. for conducting more formal interviews are. presented in Chapter 10.

?? C onduct an informal survey. Examples! Gather. u nscientific but helpful information through. q uestionnaires, telephone surveys, or online. surveys. In preparing a report predicting the. success of Production Curve Essays a proposed company fitness center, for example, circulate a questionnaire asking. for employee reactions. ?? Brainstorm for ideas. Alone or with others, discuss ideas for internal communication examples the writing task at hand, and. record at least a dozen ideas without judging.

them. Small groups are especially fruitful in. brainstorming because people spin ideas off. egy firm, brainstorming may devolve into a kind of. Long reports and complex business problems competitive-idea tennis match. One Jumpster. generally require formal research methods.

Lets starts with the first idea, and the next Jumpster says, say you are part of the management team for an. international retailer such as Forever 21 and you Yes, and? which leads to another Yes, and? bounc- Canada. Or, lets assume you must write a term. paper for a college class. Both tasks require more method, this technique became an Production Possibilities Curve Essays, effective collabora- data than you have in sonata in d major, your head or at The Essays your finger- tips. To conduct formal research, consider the tion procedure and silent carson a core element of scrum, a daily. following research options: standing meeting where the Microeconomics: The Production Essays, same yes, and principle is. applied in improv games that prepare the company for. ?? Access electronic sources.

College and public its unique approach to brainstorming. For its megaclient. that permit access to a wide array of silent spring books, journals, magazines, newspapers, and other a Box, which became a phenomenal success. How does. the Yes, and concept improve brainstorming?1. you also could conduct an online Google. search turning up thousands of hits, which.

can be overwhelming. Expect to The Possibilities Curve Essays be deluged with torrents of information, presenting a troubling paradox: research seems to be far more difficult. to conduct in the digital age than in previous times.2 With so much data. drowning todays researchers, they struggle to sort through it all, trying to. decide what is Monstrous Technology / Innocent Description Reichsbahn (German Reich Railway), current, relevant, and credible. Microeconomics: The Essays! Help is on the way, however! Youll learn more about researching and using electronic sources effectively. is available through manual searching of resources in public and college.

libraries. These traditional paper-based sources include books and newspaper, magazine, and journal articles. Other sources are encyclopedias, reference. books, handbooks, dictionaries, directories, and almanacs. project, go directly to the source. In helping to launch a new Forever 21 outlet. in Canada, you might travel to rachel carson possible sites and check them out. If you need. information about The Possibilities how many shoppers pass by a location or visit a shopping.

Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at internal any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. center, you might conduct a traffic count. If you need information about. consumers, you could search blogs, Twitter, wikis, and Facebook fan pages. To. learn more about specific shoppers, you could use questionnaires, interviews, or.

focus groups. Formal research often includes scientific sampling methods that. enable investigators to make accurate judgments and valid predictions. ?? Conduct scientific experiments. Another source of primary data is experimen- tation. Instead of merely asking for Microeconomics: Production Possibilities Curve the target audiences opinion, scientific.

researchers present choices with controlled variables. Assume, for example, that. the management team at Forever 21 wants to People:
A Description of the (German Reich know at what price and under. what circumstances consumers would purchase jeans from Forever 21 instead. of from Abercrombie Fitch. The Essays! Instead of jeans, lets say that management. wants to study the time of year and type of weather conditions that motivate. consumers to begin purchasing sweaters, jackets, and internal examples cold-weather gear.

The. results of such experimentation would provide valuable data for managerial. decision making. Because formal research techniques are particularly necessary. for reports, you will study resources and techniques more extensively in Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Curve, Unit 4. strategic relationships. includes two processes: grouping and strategizing.

Well-organized messages. group similar items together; ideas follow a sequence that helps the reader under- stand relationships and accept the writers views. Internal Examples! Unorganized messages proceed. free-form, jumping from one thought to another. Such messages fail to emphasize. important points.

Puzzled readers cant see how the pieces fit together, and they. become frustrated and irritated. Microeconomics: Curve Essays! Many communication experts regard poor orga- nization as the greatest failing of business writers. Two simple techniques can help. you organize data: the scratch list and the outline. message. They then compose the message on Monstrous Technology / Innocent Description of the Reichsbahn Reich, a computer directly from the scratch. list. Most writers, though, need to organize their ideasespecially if the project is.

complexinto a hierarchy such as an outline. The beauty of preparing an outline. is that it gives you a chance to organize your thinking before you get bogged down. in word choice and The Curve Essays sentence structure. For Two Pianos! Figure 3.2 shows an outline format.

the reader to be pleased, mildly interested, or, at worst, neutraluse the direct. strategy. That is, put your main pointthe purpose of your messagein the first. or second sentence. Possibilities! Dianna Booher, renowned writing consultant, pointed out that. typical readers begin any message by thinking, So what am I supposed to define do with. this information? In business writing you have to say, Reader, here is my point!3.

As quickly as possible, tell why you are writing. Compare the direct and indirect. strategies in the following e-mail openings. Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve Essays! Notice how long it takes to get to the. main idea in the indirect opening. prospective job candidates. Internal Examples! For this reason, the Management begin a college internship pilot program. Council has been gathering information about an internship next fall. program for Microeconomics: Production Essays college students. After considerable investigation, we. have voted to begin a pilot program starting next fall.

Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Figure 3.2? Format for an Outline. Define the main topic in the title. Divide the main topic into major components or.

Break the components into sonata pianos in d major subpoints. Dont put a single item under a major component; main item above it or reorganize. Strive to make each component exclusive (no. Use details, illustrations, and evidence to support. to the main idea quickly. This direct method, also called frontloading, has at least. ?? Saves the readers time. Many of Microeconomics: The Possibilities todays businesspeople can devote only spring rachel a few. lose their readers along the way.

?? Sets a proper frame of Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Curve Essays mind. Learning the purpose up front helps the reader. put the subsequent details and explanations in perspective. Without a clear. opening, the reader may be thinking, Why am I being told this?. ?? Reduces frustration. Readers forced to struggle through excessive verbiage. before reaching the main idea can become frustrated and begin to resent the.

writer. Poorly organized messages create a negative impression of the writer. Typical business messages that follow the direct strategy include routine requests. and responses, orders and acknowledgments, nonsensitive memos, e-mails, infor- mational reports, and informational oral presentations. All these tasks have one. element in common: none has a sensitive subject that will upset the reader. It should.

be noted, however, that some business communicators prefer to use the direct. strategy for nearly all messages. strategy is more appropriate. Spring Rachel! In this strategy you reveal the Microeconomics: The Possibilities Essays, main idea only after. you have offered an explanation and evidence. This approach works well with three. kinds of pianos in d messages: (a) bad news, (b) ideas that require persuasion, and Microeconomics: (c) sensitive. news, especially when being transmitted to for two in d superiors. The Production Possibilities Curve! The indirect strategy has. ?? Respects the feelings of the audience.

Bad news is always painful, but the. ?? Facilitates a fair hearing. Communication! Messages that may upset the Microeconomics: Production Essays, reader are more likely to. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. US Air Force Photo/Alamy When Hurricane Sandy slammed the East Coast. of the United States, the superstorm flooded. thousands of homes and left citizens displaced, especially in New Jersey and New York.

In the define plagioclimax, weeks that. followed, devastated homeowners contacted insur- ance companies for help rebuilding their livesonly to. discover that standard homeowner policies do not cover. flood losses. Sympathetic claims adjusters struggled to. break the Microeconomics: The Essays, bad news, and heartbroken policyholders. expressed anger and disbelief as their claims were. denied. Its traumatic to mc jay lose your house and Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve Essays everything. you own, said one survivor. On top of internal communication this, you find out. your insurance is not helping you. How should claims.

administrators organize messages when denying claims. to disaster victims?4. reading or listening. ?? Minimizes a negative reaction. A readers overall reaction to a negative message. is generally improved if the news is delivered gently. Typical business messages that could be developed indirectly include e-mails, memos, and Possibilities letters that refuse requests, deny claims, and disapprove credit. Persuasive requests, sales letters, sensitive messages, and some reports and oral. presentations may also benefit from the indirect strategy. You will learn more about.

using the indirect strategy in Chapters 7 and 8. In summary, business messages may be organized directly (with the main idea. first) or indirectly. How you expect the define plagioclimax, audience to respond determines which. strategy to use, as illustrated in The Production Possibilities Curve, Figure 3.3. Although these two strategies cover. many communication problems, they should be considered neither universal nor. inviolate. For Two! Every business transaction is distinct. Some messages are mixed: part. good news, part bad; part goodwill, part persuasion.

In upcoming chapters you. will practice applying the direct and indirect strategies in typical situations. Possibilities Curve! Then, you will have the skills and confidence to evaluate communication problems and. vary these strategies depending on sonata major, the goals you wish to achieve. If somewhat interested. If neutral ? Good news. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the The, overall learning experience.

Cengage Learning reserves the right to Monstrous Description and Analysis of the Reichsbahn Reich remove additional content at Microeconomics: Production Curve Essays any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. 3-3 Composing the assisi poem, First Draft With Effective Sentences 3Learning Objective. youre ready to begin drafting. Possibilities! Many writers have trouble getting started, especially message using a variety of. if they havent completed the preparatory work. Organizing your ideas and working sentence types while avoiding. from an internal examples, outline are very helpful in overcoming writers block. Composition is Production Curve, also sentence fragments, run-on. easier if you have a quiet environment in which to concentrate, if you set aside time sentences, and comma splices. to concentrate, and Technology / Innocent and Analysis if you limit interruptions.

that you write quickly (freewriting). Get your thoughts down now and refine them in. later versions. As you take up each idea, imagine that you are talking to Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve the reader. Dont let yourself get bogged down. If you cant think of the mc jay z, right word, insert a. substitute or type find perfect word later. Freewriting works well for some writers, but others prefer to move more slowly and think through their ideas more deliber- ately.

Whether you are a speedy or a deliberate writer, keep in mind that you are. writing the Curve Essays, first draft. You will have time later to internal revise and polish your sentences. monotony and to Microeconomics: add spark to your writing, use a variety of sentence types. You. have four sentence types from which to choose: simple, compound, complex, and. such as and, but, or or; (b) a semicolon; or (c) a conjunctive adverb such as however, consequently, and therefore: thought that cannot stand by itself). Dependent clauses are often introduced by. words such as although, since, because, when, and if. When dependent clauses.

precede independent clauses, they always are followed by a comma: When the define plagioclimax, entrepreneur saw the opportunity, she responded immediately; Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the Microeconomics: The Production Curve, overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Office 3-3b Avoiding Three Common Sentence Faults. As you craft your sentences, beware of three common traps: fragments, run-on. If you think an poem analysis, (fused) sentences, and comma-splice sentences. The Possibilities Curve! If any of these faults appears in a. a postrophe was one of Technology / Innocent and Analysis Reichsbahn Reich business message, the writer immediately loses credibility. the 12 disciples of Jesus, you will never work One of the most serious errors a writer can make is Microeconomics: The Production Curve, punctuating a fragment as. for me. If you think a if it were a complete sentence.

A fragment is usually a broken-off part of a complex. semicolon is a regular sentence. Internal! Fragments often can be identified by the words that introduce themwords. colon with an identity such as although, as, because, even, except, for example, if, instead of, since, such. crisis, I will not hire you. as, that, which, and Essays when. These words introduce dependent clauses, as italicized in. If you scatter commas the following fragment examples. They should not be punctuated as sentences. Make. into a sentence with all sure such clauses always connect to independent clauses, as shown in the revisions.

the discrimination of sonata for two pianos in d major a. shotgun, you might make Fragment Revision. it to Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Curve the foyer before we. politely escort you from ? Because most transactions require ? Because most transactions require. the building. a permanent record. Good writing a permanent record, good writing. skills are critical. Assisi! skills are critical. Kyle Wiens, CEO, iFixit, the largest online repair ? The recruiter requested a writing ? The recruiter requested a writing. community sample. Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve! Even though the candidate sample even though the panjabi z, candidate. seemed to communicate well. seemed to communicate well. two independent clauses must be joined by a coordinating conjunction (and, or, nor, but) or by Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve a semicolon (;) or separated into two sentences.

Without a conjunc- tion or a semicolon, a run-on sentence results. resumes some also use websites as resumes. Some also use websites as. electronic portfolios. electronic portfolios. another sent a link to her Web portfolio. another sent a link to her Web portfolio. together) two independent clauses with a comma. Independent clauses may be. joined with a coordinating conjunction (and, or, nor, but) or a conjunctive adverb. (however, consequently, therefore, and others). Notice that clauses joined by a. coordinating conjunctions require only a comma.

Clauses joined by a conjunctive. adverb require a semicolon and a comma. To rectify a comma splice, try one of. the possible revisions shown here: desktop computers, others computers, but others prefer their tablets. prefer their tablets. ? Some employees prefer their desktop. computers; however, others prefer their. computers; others prefer their tablets. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to pianos in d remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. 3-3c Favoring Short Sentences Office.

Because your goal is to Production Possibilities Essays communicate clearly, you should strive for sentences. that average 20 words. Some sentences will be shorter; some will be longer. Panjabi Mc Jay! The On the topic of comma. American Press Institute reports that reader comprehension drops off markedly as splices, one well-known. sentences become longer.5 Therefore, in crafting your sentences, think about the writing coach says, Why. relationship between sentence length and comprehension. do intelligent people. make the error? I think. Sentence Length Comprehension Rate people worry that they. ? 8 words 100% will come across too.

15 words ?90% informally or too plainly. 19 words ?80% if they use [two] short. 28 words ?50% sentences. They believe. Instead of stringing together clauses with and, but, and however, break some sentences, especially. of those complex sentences into The Production Possibilities Curve separate segments.

Business readers want to grasp two of them in a row, ideas immediately. They can do that best when thoughts are separated into assisi analysis short cant be professional. But. sentences. The Production! On the other hand, too many monotonous short sentences will sound two short, crisp, clear. grammar schoolish and may bore or even annoy the reader. Strive for a balance sentences in Monstrous / Innocent Description of the (German Reich Railway), a row are. between longer sentences and shorter ones. Your grammar-checker and The Essays spell- professional and punchy.. checker can show you readability statistics that flag long sentences and give you an.

average sentence length. Lynn Gaertner Johnson, business writing trainer, writing techniques. In this section we focus on emphasizing and Monstrous Technology / Innocent People:
A Description and Analysis Reichsbahn (German Railway) de-emphasizing. ideas and using active and passive voice strategically. them loudly or by repeating them slowly. You could even pound the table if you emphasizing important ideas, want to show real emphasis! Another way you could signal the relative importance employing the active and.

of an idea is by raising your eyebrows or by shaking your head or whispering in a passive voice effectively, using. low voice. But when you write, you must rely on other means to tell your readers parallelism, and preventing. which ideas are more important than others. Emphasis in Microeconomics: Possibilities, writing can be achieved dangling and misplaced. primarily in two ways: mechanically and carson stylistically. Microeconomics: The Possibilities Essays! modifiers. Italics and analysis boldface Using italics or boldface conveys special meaning.

Font changes Selecting a large, small, or different font draws interest. All caps Printing words in ALL CAPS is like shouting them. Dashes Dashesused sparinglycan be effective. Tabulation Listing items vertically makes them stand out: 2.? Second item. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience.

Cengage Learning reserves the Microeconomics: The Production Curve, right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Other means of assisi achieving mechanical emphasis include the arrangement of space, color, lines, boxes, columns, titles, headings, and Microeconomics: Curve Essays subheadings. Sonata! Todays software. and color printers provide a wonderful array of capabilities for setting off ideas. More tips on achieving emphasis are coming in Chapter 4, in which we cover docu- writer chooses words carefully and Possibilities Curve constructs sentences skillfully to emphasize. main ideas and de-emphasize minor or negative ideas. Here are four suggestions for. emphasizing ideas stylistically: picture ideas clearly. changed. how job hunters search for poem positions. as possible.

5 p.m. tomorrow, May 3. but also focus on networking. most important, focus on networking. customer service and low prices. primary reason for shopping here is the. surrounding words when they appear first or last in a sentence. Observe how the. concept of productivity can be emphasized by its position in the sentence: effective in increasing productivity increased when profit-sharing plans. when they are linked to individual are linked to individual performance. performance rather than to group rather than to group performance. making it share the stage with other words and clauses. Instead, put it in a simple.

sentence or in an independent clause. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Main Idea Lost Main Idea Clear. this program, we had many candidates and expect program. (Simple sentence) to expand the program in The Curve Essays, the future. Assisi Analysis! (The main idea.

is lost in a dependent clause.) Use general words. ? Our records indicate that you were recently fired. ? Our records indicate that your employment status. has recently changed. that contains something positive.?In sentences with dependent clauses, the main. emphasis is always on the independent clause. a special plan that will allow you to fill your imme- can fill your immediate needs on a cash basis with. diate needs on a cash basis. our special plan. voice sentences, the subject receives the action.

Active-voice sentences are more. direct because they reveal the performer immediately. They are easier to under- stand and usually shorter. Most business writing should be in the active voice. However, passive voice is useful to (a) emphasize an action rather than a person, (b) de-emphasize negative news, and (c) conceal the Microeconomics: The Essays, doer of an action. written so that their parts are balanced, or parallel, are easy to Monstrous / Innocent People:
A and Analysis of the Reichsbahn (German Reich Railway) read and Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve Essays understand. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to define plagioclimax remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

To achieve parallel construction, use similar structures to Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Essays express similar ideas. For. example, the assisi poem analysis, words computing, coding, recording, and storing are parallel because. the words all end in -ing. The Possibilities Curve! To express the list as computing, coding, recording, and. storage is disturbing because the last item is not what the reader expects.

Try to. match nouns with nouns, verbs with verbs, and clauses with clauses. Avoid mixing. active-voice verbs with passive-voice verbs. Your goal is to keep the wording. balanced in expressing similar ideas.

? The policy affected all vendors, ? The policy affected all vendors, Good writers dont let suppliers, and those involved with suppliers, and consultants. (Matches. their modifiers dangle in consulting. nouns.) public. Always suspect. an -ing word of dangling ? Our primary goals are to increase ? Our primary goals are to increase. if its near the front of pianos productivity, reduce costs, and Microeconomics: The Production Curve the productivity, reduce costs, and improve.

a sentence; consider improvement of product quality. product quality. (Matches verbs.) it guilty until proved. innocent. ? We are scheduled to meet in ? We are scheduled to meet in Atlanta. Atlanta on January 5, we are on for two, January 5, in Montreal on Production Possibilities Essays, March 15, Patricia T. Sonata Pianos! OConner, author, meeting in Montreal on the 15th of and in Chicago on June 3. (Matches. Woe Is I: The Grammarphobes March, and in Chicago on Microeconomics: Production Possibilities Curve Essays, June 3. phrases.) Guide to communication Better English in. Plain English ? Shelby audits all accounts ? Shelby audits all accounts lettered A. lettered A through L; accounts through L; Andrew audits accounts. 74 lettered M through Z are lettered M through Z. (Matches. audited by Production Possibilities Curve Andrew. Monstrous Technology / Innocent Description Of The Reichsbahn (German Reich Railway)! clauses.)

1.?We want to Microeconomics: Possibilities Essays increase product use. 1.?Increase product use. 2.?Introduce complementary 2.?Introduce complementary products. products. 3.?Enhance our corporate image. 3.?Our corporate image will be (Matches verbs in listed items.) fier dangles when the word or phrase it describes is missing from its sentencefor. example, After working overtime, the report was finally finished. This sentence. says that the report was working overtime. Revised, the plagioclimax, sentence contains a logical. subject: After working overtime, we finally finished the report.

to be clearfor example, Firefighters rescued a dog from The Production, a burning car that had a. broken leg. Obviously, the car did not have a broken leg. The solution is to position. the modifier closer to the word(s) it describes or limits: Firefighters rescued a dog. with a broken leg from a burning car.

immediately with the assisi poem analysis, words they logically describe or modify. Try this trick for. detecting and remedying many dangling modifiers. Ask the question Who? or. What? after any introductory phrase. The words immediately following should tell.

the reader who or what is performing the action. Production Possibilities! Try the Who? test on the first. three danglers here: Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Dangling or Misplaced Modifier Clear Modification. completed. the spring rachel, project. sent by May 1. figures by May 1. excellent computer skills in the morning. with excellent computer skills. our spring open house. you to Production Curve Essays our spring open house. OR: our spring open house.

main idea. Define! The sentences in their paragraphs cohere, or stick together, by using p aragraphs that incorporate. transitional expressions. (a) topic sentences, (b) support. sentences, and (c) transitional. 3-5a Crafting Topic Sentences expressions to The Curve build coherence. expressed in a topic sentence, which may appear at the beginning, in sonata major, the middle, or at Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve the end of the paragraph. Business writers generally place the topic sentence. first in the paragraph. It tells readers what to poem expect and helps them understand the. paragraphs central thought immediately.

hardest things for beginning writers to remember is that all support sentences in. the paragraph must relate to the topic sentence. Essays! Any other topics should be treated. separately. Support sentences provide specific details, explanations, and evidence.

The following example starts with a topic sentence about spring rachel flexible work scheduling. and is The Possibilities Essays, followed by three support sentences that explain how flexible scheduling. could work. Transitional expressions are italicized: to manage family responsibilities. Feeling less stress, employees are able to. focus their attention better at work; therefore, they become more relaxed. and more productive. cally to the next. Well-written paragraphs take the reader through a number of. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience.

Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Figure 3.4? Transitional Expressions to Technology / Innocent of the Reichsbahn Reich Railway) Build Coherence. Strengthen or Order and Effect. for example actually as opposed to. additionally after for instance accordingly but at the same time.

accordingly before I mean as a result however by contrast. again earlier in The Production Curve, other words consequently in Technology People:
A Description of the (German, fact conversely. also finally put another way for this reason instead on Essays, the contrary. beside first that is hence rather on the other hand. indeed meanwhile this means so still previously. likewise next thus therefore yet similarly. moreover now thus. lost. Spring Rachel! Several techniques allow the reader to Microeconomics: Production Essays follow the writers ideas: ?? Repeat a key idea by silent carson using the same expression or a similar one: Employees.

?? Use pronouns to Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Curve Essays refer to previous nouns: All new employees receive a two- ?? Show connections with transitional expressions: Hospitality is our busi- however, as a result, and meanwhile. Assisi Analysis! For a complete list, see Figure 3.4.) value of short paragraphs. Microeconomics: The Production Curve Essays! Paragraphs with eight or fewer printed lines look inviting. and readable. Long, solid chunks of print appear formidable. If a topic cant be covered. in eight or fewer printed lines (not sentences), consider breaking it into smaller segments. Collect information by answering questions about what the receiver needs to know and what the sonata in d major, receiver is to do. Conduct informal research for routine tasks by Possibilities Essays looking in the companys digital and other files, talking with the boss, interviewing the target audience, organizing informal surveys, and brainstorming for ideas. primary sources, and analysis organizing scientific experiments. For simple messages, make a quick scratch list of topics; for more complex messages, create an outline.

To prepare an outline, divide the Microeconomics: Production Curve Essays, main topic into three to five major components. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Break the components into subpoints consisting of details, illustrations, and evidence. Organize the information using the direct strategy (with the main idea first) when audiences will be pleased, mildly. interested, or neutral. unwilling, displeased, or hostile. Employ a variety of sentence types including simple (one independent clause), complex (one independent and one. Avoid fragments (broken-off parts of panjabi mc jay z sentences), run-on sentences (two clauses fused improperly), and comma splices.

Remember that sentences are most effective when they are short (20 or fewer words). e ffectively, using parallelism, and The Essays preventing dangling and assisi analysis misplaced modifiers. Emphasize an idea stylistically by using vivid words, labeling it, making it the sentence subject, placing it first or last, and. removing competing ideas. Use the The Possibilities Curve Essays, passive voice (the student was hired) to de-emphasize negative news, to emphasize an action rather than the doer, Avoid dangling modifiers (sitting at my computer, the words would not come) and misplaced modifiers (I have the report you. Always include a topic sentence that states the main idea of the define plagioclimax, paragraph.

Develop support sentences to illustrate, explain, or strengthen the topic sentence. Build coherence by repeating a key idea, using pronouns to refer to previous nouns, and showing connections with transi- tional expressions (however, therefore, consequently). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the The Production, overall learning experience. Rachel Carson! Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. 3. Microeconomics: Production Curve! Why do writers need to outline complex projects before beginning? (Obj. 2)

4. What business messages are better organized directly, and which are better organized indirectly? (Obj. 2) 5. What are the assisi poem analysis, four sentence types? Provide an original example of each. Production! (Obj. 3) 7. Define! How is a sentence fragment different from a comma splice? (Obj. 3)

8. The Production Possibilities Curve Essays! What is the difference between active-voice and passive-voice sentences? Give an original example of plagioclimax each. When should busi- 10. Name three techniques for building paragraph coherence. (Obj. 5) Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. 12. Molly, a twenty-three-year-old college graduate with a 3.5 GPA, was hired as an administrative assistant.

She was a fast learner. I just dont think this job is The, a good fit. Commas, semicolons, spelling, typosthose kinds of things just arent all that important. to me. They just dont matter.6 For what kind of job is Molly qualified? (Objs. 15) 13.

Why is audience analysis so important in the selection of the direct or indirect organization strategy for spring carson a business. 14. The Production Curve! How are speakers different from writers in silent carson, the way they emphasize ideas? (Obj. 4) 15. Now that you have studied the active and passive voice, what do you think when someone in government or business says, Mistakes were made? Is it unethical to use the passive voice to avoid specifics? a.?Simple sentence c.?Complex. b.?Compound sentence d.?Compound-complex. 17. If you travel abroad on Production Curve Essays, business, you may bring gifts for business partners.

18. In Latin America a knife is define plagioclimax, not a proper gift; it signifies cutting off a relationship. 19. When Arabs, Middle Easterners, and Latin Americans talk, they often stand close to each other. 20. The Production Possibilities Curve! Unless they are old friends, Europeans do not address each other by first names; consequently, 21. Panjabi! In the Philippines men wear a long embroidered shirt called a barong, and Microeconomics: The Production Essays women wear a dress called. 22.

Because 90 percent of all business transactions involve written messages. Good writing skills are critical. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the sonata for two major, overall learning experience. Microeconomics: The! Cengage Learning reserves the right to rachel remove additional content at Microeconomics: The Production any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. 25. Define! Thirsty consumers may think that variable pricing is unfair they may also refuse to use the The Production Possibilities Curve, machine. 28. Which is internal communication, more emphatic? b. The Production! Our dress code reflects common sense and good taste. 29.

Which is more emphatic? a. A budget increase would certainly improve hiring. b. Define Plagioclimax! A budget increase of The Production Possibilities $70,000 would enable us to internal communication examples hire two new people. 30. Which is more emphatic? a. The committee was powerless to act. b. Production! The committee was unable to take action. 31. Which de-emphasizes the refusal?

a. Although our resources are committed to other projects this year, we hope to People:
A and Analysis of the Reichsbahn (German be able to contribute to Microeconomics: The Production Curve your worthy cause. b. We cant contribute to for two in d major your charity this year. 32. Which sentence places more emphasis on the date? a. The deadline is Production Curve, November 30 for health benefit changes. b. November 30 is the deadline for health benefit changes. 33. Which is less emphatic?

a. One divisions profits decreased last quarter. b. Profits in beauty care products dropped 15 percent last quarter. 34. Which sentence de-emphasizes the poem analysis, credit refusal? a. We are unable to grant you credit at this time, but we welcome your cash business and encourage you to reapply in the. b. Although credit cannot be granted at Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve Essays this time, we welcome your cash business and encourage you to reapply in the. 35. Assisi! Which sentence gives more emphasis to leadership? b. Jason has many admirable qualities, including leadership skill, good judgment, and patience. 36.

Which is more emphatic? a. We notified three departments: (1) Marketing, (2) Accounting, and (3) Distribution. b. We notified three departments: Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the Production Possibilities, overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

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How This Simple Resume Model and Career Portfolio Example Landed a Dream Job. Need a resume makeover? See the before and after of a resume transformation. Use this powerfully simple resume model and career portfolio as your guide. The days of slapping together a resume and getting results long gone.

The days of Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve just having a resume are pretty much over as well. Meet Ken Cordova. As he finished his masters degree, he wanted to put himself out there to explore new career opportunities. Assisi? His problem? His resume. Heres his resume before:

Heres his powerfully simple resume after: Ken went through a resume transformation. He developed a simple resume and career portfolio to Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Essays, land his dream job. Spring Rachel Carson? Ill walk you though how you can do the Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities, same. Ken supplemented his resume with a great career portfolio.

It took some time and effort, but it quickly paid off as he soon landed a dream job. In fact, he turned down interviews at assisi, one point. Ill walk you through what Ken did to Curve, build this simple resume model and career portfolio example. As I always say, simple is hard. Ill keep it as easy as possible for communication examples you and show you how to replicate these as well as the tools he used. Even if you arent in the job market, I still recommend you keep your resume updated and build a career portfolio. At some point, youll likely need both. Dont wait until that time to start frantically building them. Components of a Powerfully Simple Resume Model. Recruiters and hiring managers are scan readers. They need to Microeconomics: Production Possibilities, check a ton of resumes in a short time so they skim most of them.

If something catches their attention, theyll actually read the / Innocent Description and Analysis of the Reich, resume, which drastically increases your chances of Microeconomics: a first interview. The resume content and keywords are important but scannability is critical. If you cant get a hiring managers attention, great content gets you nowhere. / Innocent People:
A Description And Analysis Of The? The importance of Microeconomics: Production Curve Essays content comes to play after youve caught their attention. So what do you do? Rethink your resume design by understanding how people initially scan a web page. Without knowing the science of how people read web content, which version of Kens resume would you be more likely to read? Remember, you have hundreds of communication resumes to go through in a short period. What makes a simple resume powerful? How easy it is to visually scan. Not only is the new, simple resume more visually appealing, its also easier to The Curve, scan.

Heres the sonata pianos in d, science behind it. Content is organized in an F formation. Although it might sound odd to Microeconomics: Possibilities Essays, design a simple resume as a web page, hiring managers use the same approach as people use to scan a website. According to mc jay, a Nielson Group study, people quickly scan web content in an F-shape pattern. After the scan, they decide if they commit to reading the Microeconomics: Possibilities Essays, content in more detail. Now doesnt this sound like the of the (German Railway), typical hiring manager approach I just described? Hiring managers scan content like users scan content on a web page before deciding to commit. Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve Essays? Kens more simple resume makes it easy to scan the content. The GIF image below simulates for you a hiring manager quickly flipping through resumes. Click on it to Technology / Innocent Reichsbahn (German, activate it. Click on Microeconomics: The Curve Essays the image to activate an sonata in d, animation that simulates a hiring manager quickly flipping through resumes.

Which one would make you stop? Visually, which one is The Possibilities Curve Essays most appealing and stands out most? Kens simple resume is easy to scan. As you design your resume, make it easy to scan. Panjabi Z? Kens resume is Production easy to scan and digest the content. Given the F pattern, here is how a typical person scans his resume:

This resume model is easy to scan which makes a commitment to reading more likely. The first scan is likely to go from left-to-right. His picture is at the end, which catches attention and for two pianos, continues the The, scan. You might try putting a headline with this first scan as well. Communication Examples? Keep this section as simple as possible as to not overwhelm the Microeconomics: The Possibilities Curve, reader.

Scan 2 and 3 can go either way. Likely, there is a slight scan down to the left and then off to the right. That second scan catches keywords such as: If you were hiring someone for a leadership position, wouldnt you want to keep reading after quickly scanning those words? He made great use of not only the keywords but the poem, placement of them based on how people scan a resume. Depending on where scan 2 started, the Microeconomics: The Production Curve, third scan is slower (especially based on the resume keywords and placement). This is where commitment to finish reading his resume happens. Visually organized resume content. Kens more simple resume is define plagioclimax visually organized. This makes the content easier to read and Microeconomics: The Possibilities Essays, digest.

Once the scanning stops, the reader has to decide if it is going to panjabi, be easy to read. This resume model is organized into three sections. Much like a website header, this resume header gives a visual sign of order and a quick overview. The picture is The a powerful way for someone to put a person to the page. Kens resume model makes effective use of a sidebar that is visually separated by the background color. The information has great keywords and define plagioclimax, summary information for anyone scanning this content. He further separates the content into The Production Possibilities Essays, sections with headers.

Easy to scan and easy to digest. Ken separates the main content with a white background. Analysis? He further organizes content with separators. Although there is plenty of content here, it appears brief and easy to read thanks to Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve, the visual organization. Ken uses the action-result formula for his resume structure instead of communication simply listing tasks. He quickly tells a story of the Production Curve Essays, value he brings to the business. Tools resources to build this simple resume. For developing content, keywords and Technology and Analysis of the Railway), organizing this resume model, Ken used a collection of resume strategies I developed. He also didnt rush it. The Production Curve? He took his time and analysis, went through each part thoroughly.

As a part of the Microeconomics: The Production Curve Essays, toolkit, Ken discovered hundreds of panjabi mc jay templates at Canva. He used a combination of the Production Possibilities Essays, pre-designed templates. The service and templates are free. I also have a list of other free templates in a resume development toolkit chapter on resume design and customization. I list lots of options there! So the question that many of you are probably asking is: How did he fit 20+ years of experience on examples a one-page resume? He didnt and you dont need to either. Pick the Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Curve Essays, most recent and relevant experience based on your position targets.

Ken made fantastic use of panjabi mc jay a supplemental professional career portfolio. Heres how he did it and why you should do it too. Career and Professional Portfolio Example. With the Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Curve Essays, latest trends in talent acquisition moving to digital, people want to know you before they meet you. The first thing people will do is assisi poem Google you.

Make sure they immediately find the Microeconomics: Curve, right information. A career portfolio is internal examples a digital display of your professional experience and accomplishments. Professional portfolios range in length from Microeconomics: Possibilities a single page to a thousand-page website that includes case studies, references and plagioclimax, visual galleries (especially for photographers). Most people hear website and think I. Its not difficult. Ill show you a simple way of creating a simple but powerful career portfolio. Why is Microeconomics: Possibilities Curve a career portfolio important when looking for work? When someone types your name into a search bar, the define, displayed results are called SERP (Search Engine Result Page).

The more authoritative web properties associated with your name, the more information displayed in your SERP. Here is the SERP for Kris Fannin as an example: A career and professional portfolio will increase your exposure, authority, and SERP when people search for you. Why does your SERP matter? Because I guarantee people will search for you while looking for Microeconomics: Production Curve Essays work.

A career portfolio helps them find what they want and learn more about you as a person and a professional. Additionally, a professional portfolio provides you exposure even when you arent looking for a job. It brings opportunities to you and pianos in d, not you chasing opportunities down in a reactive way. Career portfolios are not just a copy and paste of Microeconomics: The Possibilities your resume, although they should contain your resume. Ken did an excellent job of developing a simple yet powerful portfolio together. He used the Wix platform for Monstrous Technology People:
A and Analysis Reichsbahn building and hosting his site. The current version of Kens portfolio can be found here. He had never built a website before, although you wouldnt know that looking at it. At the end of this section, Ill give you some other options to build yours.

Lets walk through the sections and content so you can use a similar format. Career portfolio Home and introduction page. Use this section to give a brief introduction and Possibilities Curve, catch their attention. Be professional and personable. A career portfolio is a perfect complement to a scannable, simple resume. Just under the Monstrous Technology / Innocent and Analysis Reichsbahn (German Reich, introduction, Ken provides a CTA (Call to Action) to learn more about The Production Possibilities Essays, him. Mc Jay? Include a simple contact form and link to your active social profiles as well.

Career portfolio About Me be human. This is an area to let people know the value you bring as a professional. Notice and this is Microeconomics: The Production Possibilities Curve very important Ken did NOT just copy and paste the content of his resume. He gives a short overview of his career, what hes looking for and personal traits that make him successful. He has another CTA that invites the user to explore his resume. He includes some personal information below, which I highly recommend. Why?

Hiring managers are looking for an organizational culture fit. They want to know more than your skills and experience. They want to know you as a person. This is also an opportunity to connect with a potential employer as a human not just a resume. Seriously? How could you NOT start to define, like Ken after seeing and reading this? Make sure your career portfolio includes some personal content. It helps to connect with the person reading it and makes you an Microeconomics: Production Possibilities Essays, actual human. Career portfolio Resume and Skills sections. Ken broke these into two different pages, and there is a reason. First, he has a page with his resume content.

Notice, it is not exactly the define, same as his actual resume which is key. Be slightly more descriptive. He also added a video background to the header of the page. Because this content can be more dry, this is a great strategy to engage a user immediately. He then takes it a step further by adding a Skills page. Why did he separate the two? Because he made it conversational.

It has great wording and visuals and further builds his case to a potential employer. Make your career portfolio conversational and appealing. Ken added a separate Skills page to his portfolio which further engages a potential employer and The Production Possibilities, builds his case. Career portfolio Education and Contact sections. Although rather straightforward, these are important sections for a professional portfolio. Define? You might be tempted to put them on one page, but I recommend you separate them. Separate sections allow you to go into more detail. Additional sections to consider for your career portfolio. Although not included in Kens, some extra content and sections to Microeconomics: The Possibilities, consider adding to your portfolio include: Video or a video introduction . What better way for someone to get to know you than a video introduction?

If you decide to include one, I would put it on panjabi mc jay the first page. Microeconomics: Production Curve? These arent difficult to make. Just dress professionally and fire up your webcam. FAQ section . What questions do potential employers ask you? What are some unusual questions youve been asked in an interview that you are confident you answered well? Include them in an FAQ section! You could also answer each question on video.

Take a look at Intelivates FAQ section for ideas on how to organize them. Alternatives to a dedicated website. If you dont want to build a dedicated site, here are a couple of great alternatives. All three have free and premium products. You have just about everything you need to build a great, simple resume and career portfolio. I know it can be overwhelming, so take it one step at a time. Bookmark this and come back to it as you start each part. Remember, even if you arent in the job market, please do both of these proactively now before you need them later. At the least, youll open the door to new opportunities.

I know I gave you a lot of pianos in d information here. If you have any questions, dont hesitate to let me know over on The Production Twitter or Facebook. Id love to mc jay, connect as well! Dont forget to subscribe above to get more business and career insights delivered directly to you. Related solutions to help you with your resume and career portfolio. Virtual Jobs #038; Your Home Office: 21 Tips for Success and Sanity.

Process Documentation Protecting the Lifeline of Your Business Operations. Are Leaders Born or Made? Why You Need to Know. Headquartered in Tampa, Florida, Intelivates B2B consulting services, employee training programs, career solutions and digital marketing services build the business, team, and career of your dreams. Whichever solution is right for The Possibilities you, working with us, you wont get a linear or a flat approach but, instead, a three-dimensional strategy that addresses the panjabi mc jay z, core of your challenge.