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safe sex lies essay When I was twenty-five years old I appeared in the pages of the New York Times Magazine in of counterculture my underwear. Well, almost. A cartoon drawing of a girl in her underwear—a girl who, with her short blond hair and apple cheeks over imagination, a pointed chin, looked remarkably like me—appeared in example conjunction with an essay I’d written about the way Generation X was reacting to the safe-sex message. The year was 1996 and the AIDS crisis, though technically past its apogee, seemed to have finally succeeded in infiltrating every corner of the general public consciousness and scaring the hell out of it. Invocations to reducing, get tested for HIV loomed from billboards and in subway ads.
Celebrities preached about safer sex in public-service announcements. Music videos and advertisements appropriated AIDS awareness as not only a form of provocation but an agent of style. It was the example of counterculture, year of the Broadway debut of Rent, a modern-day retelling of La Boheme that featured several characters who were either infected with HIV or dying of AIDS. The essay had been brewing in my mind since at least two years before, when I’d been jolted by a print advertisement for the Benetton clothing company. It featured more than a thousand tiny photos of smiling, attractive young people purporting to represent every part of the world. Intermittent faces were shaded and partially obscured by the word AIDS, creating a visual effect that spelled out the word in larger type when you looked at the image from farther back.
I ran across the imagination, ad while flipping through magazines with some girlfriends one night, and it prompted a heated and slightly panicked conversation about example whose faces these were and whether they really had AIDS. One friend said, “Yes, of course they do; that’s how bad things have gotten.” Another wasn’t sure, and I thought it couldn’t be possible. This led to into death, an even more heated discussion about how dangerous the world was and how we, as twentysomething females living in New York City, should perhaps hang up our dancing shoes (or, in our case, black leather lace-up boots) and marry the next person we met (after the example, requisite health screenings, of course), lest the single life literally kill us. I was a young writer back then. I won’t say “aspiring writer,” because I’d actually managed to publish a few things that elevated me slightly out of the “aspiring” camp and imagination, were steering me into of counterculture, the “promising” camp. Still, I was green. I was enrolled in an MFA writing program that I fiercely loved but for which I had taken out monstrous student loans. It seemed worth it, though. Social Imagination! In my second year of the program, I set aside the fiction I’d gone there to example of counterculture, pursue and began writing personal essays. Things started clicking almost immediately and a central theme emerged: the relationship between myself and in the, society, the tension between the of counterculture, trappings of contemporary life and the actualities of that life, what it meant to be “alive” (i.e., twenty-five years old) in “today’s world” (i.e., New York City). And, as is social, always the case for a young writer, every experience I had—every book I read and film I saw, every trip to the corner deli, every ranter I heard in the street—was potential fodder for another piece of groundbreaking, human condition–explaining nonfiction.
Hence the week in the fall of 1995 when, after visiting the health-services office of my university for a head cold and deciding on a whim to get a free HIV test, I started thinking about that Benetton ad and those shaded faces and found myself suddenly gripped by the terrifying possibility that, despite not having engaged in anything remotely constituting risky behavior (at least from a rational standpoint; in of counterculture those days of equal-opportunity alarmism, any acts of uncondomized sex, possibly even those involving only oneself, were considered a death wish), I could wind up among their ranks. And when I went home that evening and sat down at the computer (Band-Aid stuck menacingly to speech, my arm from the blood-draw, my stomach queasy at example of counterculture the prospect of imagination waiting two weeks for the result), an essay was born: a loud, flashy, nakedly ambitious essay about the way non-promiscuous, non-IV-drug-using heterosexuals often abandon condoms a month or so into their relationships, after which they get paranoid so they get tested for of counterculture HIV and then drive themselves insane with anxiety during the wait, after which they usually resume the reducing prejudice, behavior that made them paranoid to begin with. I talked about the example, way the national conversation around HIV-awareness had resulted in millions of little white lies that people told each other on a regular basis: for instance, “I’ve never once had sex without a condom.” I talked about how it was difficult for a woman to the wild, go on a date with a man without looking for example of counterculture subtle clues that the guy might once have had sex with another man. I spoke of how messages like “There’s no such thing as safe sex” had promulgated the idea that paranoia and mistrust were the keys to feudalism, a healthy life. Example Of Counterculture! I talked about how, as a freshman in college, a senior who claimed to have inside information about the public-health stats of the in the 60s, student body looked at me earnestly and said that there were lesbians on campus who had HIV, which they’d contracted from other lesbians. Of Counterculture! I spoke of reducing prejudice how stuff like this was simultaneously so hard to example of counterculture, believe and so terrifying that it was tempting to just ignore the message altogether. I spoke of Haiti: Aftermath my own melancholy and loneliness and confusion. I think at one point I might have used the word dystopia. I also called Benetton and asked if the example of counterculture, people in the ad were really known to feudalism, have HIV or AIDS. They weren’t. Example Of Counterculture! I mentioned that, too.
I may have been in graduate school, but I was already flinging my work all over town, pitching ideas to magazine editors and hand-delivering work samples (somehow this seemed more serious and professional than using the U.S. mail) to the reception desk of every publication within subway distance. Social Imagination! When an editor at example the New York Times Magazine called me and social imagination, asked if I had anything edgy and new to say about my generation, I sent him the AIDS essay and of counterculture, he immediately invited me to lunch to discuss it further. Death! Upon inquiring during that lunch as to whether I’d be willing to “trim the essay a bit” (“Sure!” I chirped. “Anything you want!”), another lunch was scheduled, this time at Orso with two more editors who plied me with yellowfin tuna and told me the piece would need to be cut nearly in half to example, accommodate a two-page spread, but that I shouldn’t worry because I was the voice of my generation and imagination, everything would be spectacular. They were right about the spectacle. Though I’d worked hard—with the editors and on my own—to shoehorn my original three thousand words of, as I’d proudly described them, “very nuanced ideas” into of counterculture, the allotted seventeen hundred words, I didn’t pull it off. The final edit was abrupt, not all that coherent, gratuitously provocative, and suggested that I might have had unprotected sex with upward of five hundred people (in truth, the number was in the low single digits, and “unprotected” was a matter of feudalism interpretation). In addition to the tarty cartoon drawing (which had been sent to press without my knowledge, and which the example of counterculture, art department had conceded to only after I declined to reducing prejudice, sit for a photo shoot), the essay had been assigned the rather awkward title of “Safe-Sex Lies.” If I had been just slightly older and wiser, I would have withdrawn it from publication in a heartbeat. But of course I was neither of those things. I was the of counterculture, voice of my generation, which, in prejudice the case of this article, wasn’t proving to be a very appealing one. The article came out, the Times received roughly six hundred irate letters within five days, my phone rang off the of counterculture, hook, and death, I was invited to appear on the NBC Nightly News.
Let’s keep in mind that this was pre-blogosphere, pre–twenty-four-hour news cycle, pre–caller ID, pre–ubiquitous email. I had a dial-up AOL account and example, a red Southwestern Bell telephone that my parents had picked up back in Texas in the ’70s and relinquished to feudalism pyramid, me when I struck out on example, my own. I was sharing an apartment with two roommates who did not appreciate that the phone was ringing every five minutes. Usually the person on the other end had called to death, say how disgusted they were with what I’d written and what a slut I was and of counterculture, how I was either appallingly homophobic (for suggesting that HIV might not be affecting heterosexuals at the same rate) or had a “pro-gay agenda” (for suggesting HIV was a problem at all). My classmates, who’d been the first to read the feudalism, piece back in workshop, seemed perturbed about the whole thing. (How was it that I’d ignored their editorial suggestions but ended up in example of counterculture a national publication nonetheless?) My parents were rightfully mortified, and my friends were rapidly growing tired of talking me off the cliff every day, listening to my whining and pyramid, rationalizations and telling me what I wanted to hear, which is that the “right people” understood what I was trying to get across; I was ahead of my time; and, besides, no one was saying I was a bad writer, merely a bad person.
When a correspondent for the NBC Nightly News came to interview me in my apartment (roommates eavesdropping from the kitchen as they made grilled-cheese sandwiches), I tried to acquit myself but mostly made things worse by rambling on in a sound bite–unfriendly fashion (again with the “dystopia”) and looking slightly derelict with an aggressively short, bleached-blond haircut (it was the mid-’90s, after all). The final broadcast included a lot of example B-roll footage of reducing prejudice me in my overcoat and black leather boots walking down the snowy New York City sidewalks. Example! When the segment ended and speech bill, Tom Brokaw looked up from his desk monitor and into of counterculture, the camera, he shook his head with an air of such profound, almost avuncular concern that I felt like I had been sent to reducing prejudice, my room. It would be years before I could watch him without feeling like he was judging me from inside the television set. Fifteen years on, a head shake from Tom Brokaw wouldn’t register as even mild censure. As much as the culture has eased up on of counterculture, HIV-preventative scare tactics, it’s become ruthlessly punitive in the face of just about any point of view that embraces ambiguity or gets expressed in a less-than-literal fashion. A young person (any person) who published a piece as incendiary as “Safe-Sex Lies” today would be chewed up and reducing prejudice, spit out so many times over by example of counterculture, bloggers and into the wild death, commenters and cable-news screamers that the idea of “understanding what I was trying to get across” would seem not just quaint but moot. Indeed, nobody understands or even cares what anyone’s trying to get across anymore, only that the ensuing buzz has made the author a “media presence.” An essay like “Safe-Sex Lies,” were it to appear today, would not merely make a splash, it would likely go viral. It would ricochet around email boxes, fill those yawning expanses of airtime on talk radio, and appear on the home pages of countless news aggregators, all the while dragging behind it an ever-expanding trail of “response,” much of it from people who haven’t read all, or perhaps any, of the essay, but nonetheless feel compelled to example of counterculture, weigh in.
The writer would then be inveighed upon to 60s, react to of counterculture, the reaction, to compose blog posts and in the 60s, participate in live chat sessions and call in to of counterculture, radio programs, not so much in an attempt to clarify her original message, but to talk about how “interesting” the public reception has been, and what a “wild ride” it all is—“wild ride” being a euphemism for free speech bill of rights thousands of anonymous internet comments calling you unprintable words. These days, being attacked isn’t just the result of saying something badly, it’s the result of saying anything at all. I can testify to this, because for more than six years, I have been a weekly opinion columnist for the Los Angeles Times. This is a great gig, and of counterculture, I have many loyal, smart, thoughtful readers. Feudalism Pyramid! But I also live with the fact that practically everything I write is example, met with an social imagination avalanche of invective. It runs the gamut from partisan attacks to example, personal attacks to entreaties to speech of rights, my editors to of counterculture, stop publishing me immediately. Internet comment-boards can easily take up ten or fifteen times the free of rights, space of the column itself. Example Of Counterculture! My email in-box overflows with outrage and umbrage: “Shame on you!” “You are an pyramid idiot and a disgrace.” “What a stupid little twit you are.” And, in one of example of counterculture my recent favorites, “You have no credibility because you let your opinion get in the way.” Some weeks, if I’ve hit a particularly sensitive nerve, blogs of every imaginable variety will link to the column, offer their own spin, and then invite their own legions to chime in.
On one hand, of course, this is what every columnist wants most. Like anyone who publicly expresses his ideas, be it through writing or music or visual media or anything else, the Earthquake, Aftermath, goal is to be heard, to inspire reaction and generate discussion. But based on much of the example, reaction I get—especially the reducing prejudice, comments in my own paper, where a stable of example of counterculture regulars have become so personally invested in their dislike for me that they’ve taken to remarking not on my column but on my looks, marital or reproductive status, and standing on the bitch-o-meter—I can hardly give myself credit for imagination starting anything resembling a discussion. What prevails instead are more like internet-style shoot-’em-ups, all-capped shouting matches between people with screen names like LibertyLuvr44 and GreenGrrrl. They rage on for pages and pages, enjoying far greater word-count freedom than I or my colleagues could ever dream of. Of Counterculture! Liberals will refer to Republicans as “rethugs,” who in turn will call liberals “libtards.” Blue-state types will make lame trailer-park jokes about red-state types, who, in turn, will call the president a socialist. The frequency with which people actually call me “Meghan Dumb” often makes me feel young again—for instance, in prejudice second grade. Of Counterculture! My commenters also have a great affinity for making things up—again, a freedom not enjoyed by those in the newsroom. Meghan is 40 years old and still not married. Tick tock tick tock… Anyone who knows Meghan knows of what I speak.
She’s an angry middle aged woman and reducing, an intolerant hack. What a pathetic, inept, and uninformed person you are. Your articles are brainless, and when I read them I think of how miserable as a person you must be. Probably a fat ugly little girl who needs to example, prey on others to Haiti: Earthquake, Aftermath, feel better…A fat, ugly squashed bug. You are a vile, loathsome, despicable pig. Of Counterculture! Your stench permeates through the web. Let me make one thing perfectly clear. I know that online hecklers represent but a tiny fraction of social imagination readers. I also know it’s actually a privilege to example of counterculture, get feedback like this.
It means that people are actually reading what I write, that editors are actually publishing it, and, moreover, that I’ve been able to make a career out of observing the imagination, culture and expressing my thoughts in writing. Over the years, I’ve scrambled to example of counterculture, pay rent with enough menial office jobs to know better than to take even one day of uninterrupted, paid (or even unpaid) writing for imagination granted. I know that a lot of writers would kill to be called a squashed bug or a despicable pig, if only because it beats not being called anything at all. But if most writers have long understood that publishing is a privilege that carries certain responsibilities—foremost among them taking the time to present ideas in a careful and thoughtful manner, ideally with the help of one or more editors—many readers seem to example, be approaching their commenting privileges like teenagers with newly minted driver’s licenses. Belted in by anonymity and speech bill of rights, often distracted by the equally reckless ravings of their peers, they take potshots, spread untruths, and, at their worst, spew racism and bigotry that would put a professional writer out of business in of counterculture a nanosecond. In so doing, they spread a rancor that can eclipse not only the original article but also the comments of Haiti: and Condition readers who take a more constructive, civil approach. They take the very privilege the internet has afforded all of us—the privilege of equal opportunity, instant expression—and spit on it, making the very notion of “speaking your mind” seem almost like a dirty practice, the national pastime of the lowest common denominator. This “haterade” (as the young blogger types have brilliantly coined it) is especially acute around political subjects and, in the case of my colleagues and myself, doubly acute when it comes to President Obama or Hillary Clinton or Sarah Palin or any subject remotely connected to of counterculture, race or gender. Reducing Prejudice! It by no means stops there, though. I’ve written about everything from shelter pets to the lost pleasures of waiting for the mail, and still been called a “retarded scum pile that personifys [ sic ] everything that’s wrong with society today.” As many times as I’ve been called a feminazi—more than once by Rush Limbaugh, who apparently skims my column regularly—I’ve had liberals calling for of counterculture my resignation because I’m not politically correct enough, and feminists wanting to break my knees over any number of perceived slights to the cause. Like most of my fellow columnists, I’m told on imagination, a daily basis that I’m utterly unqualified for my job and of counterculture, the sole reason that print media is dying.
For all the sputtering outrage I’ve provoked in racism in the 60s my socially conservative readers, most of whom know nothing about me but nonetheless like to fantasize that I’m some kind of example of counterculture East Coast blue blood who gets abortions in social imagination her spare time and was educated entirely by vegetarian, Marxist lesbians at fancy schools I didn’t have to pay for (“Meghan comes from a very rich family that paid for example of counterculture all her schooling and supported her lavish lifestyle,” a commenter once declared), I also hear from plenty of humorless progressive types who find me “offensive” and racism 60s, “terribly disappointing,” and who want to be removed from of counterculture my mailing list immediately. Admittedly, I’m the death, kind of person who’s capable of of counterculture hearing a single boo amid a cascade of applause. Though I don’t always realize it, a lot of the social imagination, feedback is not only positive and example of counterculture, flattering, but critical in ways that I need to hear and feudalism pyramid, fully accept (one of the great lessons of doing a weekly column is accepting that you won’t hit it out of the park every single week and of counterculture, that your audience has a right to inform you when those weeks occur). Though I know that it would be a lot better for free speech of rights everyone (first and foremost my husband, who must endure my efforts to example, “reappropriate” the meanness by printing out the most egregious examples and reducing prejudice, attaching them to the refrigerator) if I could just focus on the respectful communiques, it’s not always easy. The writer and director Nora Ephron, who wrote columns of a personal and often provocative nature for Esquire in the ’70s and then returned to the form in 2005, when she began blogging on the Huffington Post, told me her first encounter with twenty-first-century audience participation left her totally shocked. “It’s like in high school I’d wonder what people are saying about me and then I’d realize it’s just as well that I don’t know,” she said. In “The Readers Strike Back,” a particularly thoughtful article on this subject that appeared on Salon back in 2007 ( Salon being famous for some of the more affronted and of counterculture, pious commenters on feudalism, the web), Gary Kamiya admitted that “it’s very hard for writers, who want to be read and want to know what readers are saying about them, to ignore letters or blogs about themselves.” He quoted Salon senior writer Laura Miller, who allowed that “practically every writer I know has gone through the of counterculture, mill with this,” and then invoked Anthony Trollope’s line from free speech bill of rights Phineas Finn: “But who is of counterculture, there that abstains from reading that which is printed in abuse of himself?’” Though I’ve never been tempted to imagination, go undercover to avenge myself, as was the case with Lee Siegel, the New Republic reporter who created a false account and attacked his attackers on his blog on example, the magazine’s website (and got himself suspended in feudalism pyramid the process), I do have my share of confrontation fantasies. I’ve often imagined tracking down some of my more vehement detractors, knocking on example of counterculture, their doors and asking, “Who are you? What has made you so angry?
What has happened in your life that you’re reduced to spewing bile at people you know nothing about?” It turns out I’m not the only one with this fantasy. Last year’s short-lived reality show, succinctly entitled H8R (if you can’t decipher that idiom, you are too old to be watching the program), followed celebrities like Snooki and Kim Kardashian as they confronted people who’d said mean things about them on the internet. It would be foolish, of course, to expect a show of this kind to into death, offer anything terribly insightful about this phenomenon. Of Counterculture! Since the prejudice, haters weren’t hiding behind screen names but instead proclaiming their hate on camera and keeping it in compliance with the example of counterculture, specifications of any number of producers, network executives, and in the 60s, advertisers, they were no match for even the mildest trolls on a political blog. Example Of Counterculture! But the very fact that the show made it on the air at all suggests that the cultural appetite for feudalism pyramid this kind of of counterculture confrontation is growing more ravenous by the day. Imagination! (This past Halloween, a middle-school-age trick-or-treater showed up at my door wearing a costume that said hater lover; later, I spotted another kid in dress proclaiming him an actual “hater”; I hope they found each other.) It makes me think I wasn’t so crazy when I once, only half-jokingly, suggested to a colleague that the opinion columnists at example our paper should host a “haters picnic,” wherein we would cheerily serve up hot dogs and pyramid, potato salad and give our angriest readers the chance to tell us in person what they thought of of counterculture us. My colleague’s response was that it would cost too much to hire security, though he also hinted that I should shut up and 60s, just do my job.
He had a point. Part of our line of work involves being able to ignore the of counterculture, agitators, or at least brush them off. If I were fundamentally unable to racism, handle criticism or anger or even the occasional threat, then, yes, I truly would be unqualified for my job. But there is a world of difference between the traditional notion of of counterculture public participation in a newspaper or magazine and the cacophonous, sometimes libelous free-for-all that passes for it today. Whereas the old-fashioned letter to the editor involved crafting a letter, figuring out speech of rights, where to send it, springing for a stamp, and knowing that its publication-worthiness would be determined by an actual editor who might even call and suggest some actual edits, today’s readers are invited to “join the example of counterculture, conversation” as if the Haiti:, work of professional reporters and columnists carries no more authority than small-talk at a cocktail party. And although some sites are making efforts to weed out the of counterculture, trolls by disabling anonymous posting, filtering comments through Facebook, or letting readers essentially monitor themselves by flagging or promoting comments at their own discretion, most are so desperate to catch eyeballs wherever and however possible that they’re loathe to turn down any form of free content. This is by now an old gripe in journalism circles, many members of which will point out that the last word on the matter could well have been said three years ago when the Onion published its fake news story “Local Idiot to Post Comment on Internet.” But if three years ago the phenomenon felt like a wave that was about to crest and then surely dissipate into a vague memory of some fleeting, anarchic period in the history of the internet (“Remember back in 2008 when only idiots posted comments?” we imagined ourselves chortling one day), it feels today like the into death, disease-ridden aftermath of a flood. Ugly commentary doesn’t just litter the internet, it infects it. Example Of Counterculture! It takes the act of reading an article or watching a video or listening to a podcast and turns it from imagination a receptive experience into a reactive one. It does not invite us to “join the conversation” as much as to join in on a fight, or at least gawk from the sidelines. Example Of Counterculture! Perhaps worst of all, it gives the impression that the opinions expressed in those fights are not just the ravings of a few local idiots but the free bill, “voice of the people.” Spend enough time in the company of that voice and the world will begin to look like a very bleak place indeed.
When I think of the coiners of the term haterade, those young, mean/smart, media-obsessed bloggers on mean/smart, media-obsessed websites who seem to be able to whip up five hundred words of example clever commentary in the time it takes people my age to think of an opening sentence, I wonder if their brains are wired in such a way that the slings and arrows of free-flowing obloquy don’t inflict quite as much pain on them as they might on their elders. The fact that they’ve developed several playful iterations of the word hate —you can hate on someone, show some hatitude, or simply be a hater —suggests that they’ve found a way to feudalism pyramid, laugh at and therefore defang (reappropriate?) the of counterculture, whole gestalt. But I also wonder how often they get to experience the thrill of clueless abandon. I wonder if they’ve ever really been able to express anything—in print, on a blog, on Facebook, wherever—without on imagination, some level bracing themselves for mockery or scorn or troll-driven pestilence. Example Of Counterculture! I wonder if they could write something as controversial as “Safe-Sex Lies” (even in a more coherent form) and the wild, expect anything less than a full-blown assault from an electronic lynch mob and a lifetime of damning search-engine results. Still, for all the example, ways in which haterade feels like a scourge of very recent vintage, it’s crucial to remember that in some aspects the acrimony has always been thus. The earliest newspapers in America were penned almost entirely by feudalism, pseudonymous writers, many of them up to just as much mischief as today’s anonymous bloggers. Benjamin Franklin created several false identities under several different pen names, including a middle-aged widow named Silence Dogood, a gossip named The Busybody, and, his best-known, Richard Saunders, whose aphorisms and predictions became the basis of Poor Richard’s Almanac, an annual publication, launched in 1732, whose mocking tone went so far as to report deaths that hadn’t occurred. During the example of counterculture, federalist era, political opponents Alexander Hamilton and into, Thomas Jefferson, and their respective acolytes, were hating on example of counterculture, each other and on the Adams administration so vituperatively that the president signed the Sedition Act of 1798, a statute that made it illegal to publish “false, scandalous, and malicious writing” against the government or its officials.
Not that there weren’t still plenty of choice words for nonofficials, particularly those with access to a printing press. During his tenure as editor of social a New York–based federalist newspaper, Noah Webster was characterized by rival pamphleteers (the bloggers of of counterculture their time?) as “an incurable lunatic,” “a toad in the service of sans-cullottism,” “a prostitute wretch,” “a great fool, and pyramid, a barefaced liar,” “a spiteful viper,” and “a maniacal pedant.” (It’s fitting that these barbs made such baroque use of vocabulary; Webster was the founder of the of counterculture, first modern dictionary.) In other words, angry people of the millennium, haterade in public discourse didn’t spring fully formed from the free bill, digital cabbage patch; it’s part of the DNA of opinion itself. Betty Winfield, Curators’ Professor at the University of Missouri School of Journalism and a specialist in mass-media history, sees it as little more than the latest form of example of counterculture public expression. “If you have a democracy and social, people have viewpoints, this is another way to express it,” Winfield told me. “We’ve had viewpoints and of counterculture, individual expression since caveman paintings. The question is whether you own it.” The whole notion of accountability in journalism, she said, didn’t start until the social imagination, advent of journalism schools, in the early twentieth century, when the of counterculture, concept of speech of rights “professionalism,” with its emphasis on standards, criteria, and established procedures, took root in America. But a funny thing has happened since the rise of example professionalism. The tenets it embraced—that some people are more qualified than others, that training and apprenticeship have value, that not everyone can or should (or needs to) gain admission into the club—have become unfashionable. Social! And that is because haterade is example, not exclusive to the media world.
It’s not merely an occupational hazard of being a bigmouth. It affects just about anyone who tries to feudalism, do anything that is subject to public (which is to say online) discussion. It affects the example of counterculture, business owner who’s at the mercy of speech random, nameless Yelp reviewers who might well be his competitors in example of counterculture disguise. It affects the physician for whom the few patients who post reviews on medical-ratings sites are inevitably the disgruntled ones. It affects the educator who can’t give a poor grade without risking retribution via the websites Rate My Teachers or Rate My Professors. It takes the imagination, very essence of what it means to be a professional—training, experience, sheer chops—and reduces it to a stage act to be evaluated with an applause-o-meter. Part of me wants to conclude this essay with a manifesto. I’d like to declare an end to the self-torture. I’d like to call on every writer, musician, comedian, cartoonist, chef, glassblower, nail-salon owner to promise right here and example, now to social imagination, stop reading his own bad press and concentrate on doing work that’s true to example, his vision and unencumbered by anticipatory concessions to ankle-biters who probably won’t ever be satisfied with anything. I’d like to be able to social imagination, make my own vow to stop looking over my shoulder and go back to example of counterculture, writing like the person I was before I’d ever seen a comment board (even if that means taking a little messiness with the exuberance). But I cannot lead such a charge, not only in the because, as tends to happen with manifestos, it’s as impractical as it is rousing (if Trollope couldn’t be expected to example of counterculture, control himself, why should we?), but because ignoring the bad stuff would mean missing a lot of of rights good stuff.
And when that stuff is good it can be really, really good. When the criticism is valid it can be priceless. And when ideas are given their due—that is, treated as living, breathing, imperfect things rather than written off as glib reactions to preexisting ideas—something rather magical can happen. There can be a second of silence during which we, as readers, think before chiming in. There can be a gasp of recognition that reminds us why we read or write in the first place. There can be a moment of example of counterculture reverie as the words hang in the air, before the hate blows in and knocks them to the ground. Such things are possible. They are just uncommonly rare these days.
Rarer still are two words that can form one of the dearest phrases in the English language: no comment. Meghan Daum has been an opinion columnist at the Los Angeles Times since 2005. And Condition Essay! Her latest book, Life Would Be Perfect If I Lived in That House, is example of counterculture, now out in paperback.
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net resume with tdd Introduction to Test Driven Development (TDD) I like to describe TDD with this simple formula: TDD = Refactoring + TFD. TDD completely turns traditional development around. When you first go to implement a new feature, the first question that you ask is whether the existing design is the example of counterculture, best design possible that enables you to implement that functionality. If so, you proceed via a TFD approach.
If not, you refactor it locally to change the the wild death, portion of the design affected by example the new feature, enabling you to add that feature as easy as possible. As a result you will always be improving the quality of your design, thereby making it easier to pyramid, work with in the future. Instead of example, writing functional code first and into death then your testing code as an afterthought, if you write it at all, you instead write your test code before your functional code. Furthermore, you do so in example very small steps – one test and in the 60s a small bit of example, corresponding functional code at a time. A programmer taking a TDD approach refuses to write a new function until there is first a test that fails because that function isn’t present.
In fact, they refuse to add even a single line of code until a test exists for it. Into Death. Once the of counterculture, test is in place they then do the work required to ensure that the test suite now passes (your new code may break several existing tests as well as the Haiti: Earthquake, Aftermath, new one). This sounds simple in principle, but when you are first learning to take a TDD approach it proves require great discipline because it is easy to “slip” and write functional code without first writing a new test. One of the advantages of pair programming is that your pair helps you to stay on track. Acceptance TDD (ATDD) . Example. With ATDD you write a single acceptance test, or behavioral specification depending on your preferred terminology, and then just enough production functionality/code to fulfill that test. The goal of ATDD is to specify detailed, executable requirements for your solution on a just in time (JIT) basis.
ATDD is also called Behavior Driven Development (BDD). Figure 2 depicts a UML activity diagram showing how ATDD and developer TDD fit together. Ideally, you'll write a single acceptance test, then to implement the production code required to fulfill that test you'll take a developer TDD approach. Speech Bill. This in example turn requires you to iterate several times through the write a test, write production code, get it working cycle at the developer TDD level. Note that Figure 2 assumes that you're doing both, although it is possible to do either one without the other. Into Death. In fact, some teams will do developer TDD without doing ATDD, see survey results below, although if you're doing ATDD then it's pretty much certain you're also doing developer TDD.
The challenge is example that both forms of TDD require practitioners to have technical testing skills, skills that many requirement professionals often don't have (yet another reason why generalizing specialists are preferable to specialists). An underlying assumption of TDD is racism in the 60s that you have a testing framework available to you. Example Of Counterculture. For acceptance TDD people will use tools such as Fitnesse or RSpec and for developer TDD agile software developers often use the xUnit family of open source tools, such as JUnit or VBUnit, although commercial tools are also viable options. Without such tools TDD is virtually impossible. Figure 3 presents a UML state chart diagram for into, how people typically work with such tools.
This diagram was suggested to me by Keith Ray. You develop organically, with the running code providing feedback between decisions. You write your own tests because you can't wait 20 times per day for example of counterculture, someone else to write them for you. Social Imagination. Your development environment must provide rapid response to small changes (e.g you need a fast compiler and regression test suite). Your designs must consist of highly cohesive, loosely coupled components (e.g. Example Of Counterculture. your design is feudalism pyramid highly normalized) to make testing easier (this also makes evolution and maintenance of of counterculture, your system easier too). Run fast (they have short setups, run times, and imagination break downs). Run in isolation (you should be able to reorder them). Example. Use data that makes them easy to read and to into the wild, understand.
Use real data (e.g. copies of example, production data) when they need to. Represent one step towards your overall goal. With traditional testing a successful test finds one or more defects. It is the same with TDD; when a test fails you have made progress because you now know that you need to resolve the problem. Social Imagination. More importantly, you have a clear measure of success when the of counterculture, test no longer fails. TDD increases your confidence that your system actually meets the requirements defined for it, that your system actually works and therefore you can proceed with confidence.
As with traditional testing, the greater the risk profile of the system the more thorough your tests need to be. With both traditional testing and TDD you aren't striving for perfection, instead you are testing to feudalism pyramid, the importance of the system. To paraphrase Agile Modeling (AM), you should test with a purpose and know why you are testing something and to what level it needs to be tested. An interesting side effect of TDD is that you achieve 100% coverage test – every single line of code is tested – something that traditional testing doesn’t guarantee (although it does recommend it). In general I think it’s fairly safe to say that although TDD is a specification technique, a valuable side effect is that it results in significantly better code testing than do traditional techniques. If it's worth building, it's worth testing.
If it's not worth testing, why are you wasting your time working on it? Like it or not most programmers don’t read the of counterculture, written documentation for a system, instead they prefer to work with the code. And there’s nothing wrong with this. When trying to understand a class or operation most programmers will first look for sample code that already invokes it. Well-written unit tests do exactly this – the provide a working specification of your functional code – and as a result unit tests effectively become a significant portion of your technical documentation.
The implication is that the expectations of the pro-documentation crowd need to reflect this reality. Similarly, acceptance tests can form an important part of your requirements documentation. This makes a lot of sense when you stop and think about it. Imagination. Your acceptance tests define exactly what your stakeholders expect of your system, therefore they specify your critical requirements. Your regression test suite, particularly with a test-first approach, effectively becomes detailed executable specifications. Are tests sufficient documentation? Very likely not, but they do form an important part of it. Example. For example, you are likely to find that you still need user, system overview, operations, and support documentation.
You may even find that you require summary documentation overviewing the business process that your system supports. When you approach documentation with an into death, open mind, I suspect that you will find that these two types of tests cover the majority of your documentation needs for example, developers and business stakeholders. Furthermore, they are a wonderful example of AM's Single Source Information practice and an important part of your overall efforts to remain as agile as possible regarding documentation. 4. Test-Driven Database Development. At the time of this writing an important question being asked within the agile community is free speech “can TDD work for data-oriented development?” When you look at example the process depicted in Figure 1 it is important to note that none of the steps specify object programming languages, such as Java or C#, even though those are the reducing prejudice, environments TDD is typically used in. Why couldn't you write a test before making a change to your database schema? Why couldn't you make the change, run the tests, and refactor your schema as required? It seems to me that you only need to choose to work this way. My guess is that in the near term database TDD, or perhaps Test Driven Database Design (TDDD), won't work as smoothly as application TDD. The first challenge is example of counterculture tool support.
Although unit-testing tools, such as DBUnit, are now available they are still an emerging technology at the wild death the time of example, this writing. Some DBAs are improving the feudalism, quality of the testing they doing, but I haven’t yet seen anyone take a TDD approach to database development. One challenge is that unit testing tools are still not well accepted within the data community, although that is example changing, so my expectation is feudalism that over the next few years database TDD will grow. Second, the concept of evolutionary development is new to example, many data professionals and as a result the motivation to take a TDD approach has yet to take hold. This issue affects the nature of the tools available to data professionals – because a serial mindset still dominates within the traditional data community most tools do not support evolutionary development. My hope is that tool vendors will catch on to this shift in paradigm, but my expectation is that we'll need to social imagination, develop open source tools instead.
Third, my experience is that most people who do data-oriented work seem to prefer a model-driven, and not a test-driven approach. Example Of Counterculture. One cause of this is likely because a test-driven approach hasn't been widely considered until now, another reason might be that many data professionals are likely visual thinkers and therefore prefer a modeling-driven approach. 5. Scaling TDD via Agile Model-Driven Development (AMDD) Figure 4. The Agile Model Driven Development (AMDD) lifecycle. Comparing TDD and AMDD: TDD shortens the programming feedback loop whereas AMDD shortens the speech of rights, modeling feedback loop. TDD provides detailed specification (tests) whereas AMDD is of counterculture better for thinking through bigger issues. TDD promotes the development of high-quality code whereas AMDD promotes high-quality communication with your stakeholders and other developers.
TDD provides concrete evidence that your software works whereas AMDD supports your team, including stakeholders, in working toward a common understanding. TDD “speaks” to programmers whereas AMDD speaks to business analysts, stakeholders, and data professionals. TDD is provides very finely grained concrete feedback on the order of Earthquake, Aftermath, minutes whereas AMDD enables verbal feedback on of counterculture, the order minutes (concrete feedback requires developers to follow the practice Prove It With Code and thus becomes dependent on non-AM techniques). Reducing Prejudice. TDD helps to of counterculture, ensure that your design is clean by reducing focusing on creation of example, operations that are callable and testable whereas AMDD provides an social imagination, opportunity to think through larger design/architectural issues before you code. TDD is example of counterculture non-visually oriented whereas AMDD is reducing visually oriented. Both techniques are new to traditional developers and example therefore may be threatening to the wild, them. Of Counterculture. Both techniques support evolutionary development. Free Speech. Which approach should you take? The answer depends on of counterculture, your, and your teammates, cognitive preferences.
Some people are primarily visual thinkers, also called spatial thinkers, and they may prefer to pyramid, think things through via drawing. Other people are primarily text oriented, non-visual or non-spatial thinkers, who don't work well with drawings and example of counterculture therefore they may prefer a TDD approach. Of course most people land somewhere in the middle of these two extremes and as a result they prefer to use each technique when it makes the most sense. In short, the Aftermath Essay, answer is to use the two techniques together so as to gain the advantages of both. How do you combine the two approaches? AMDD should be used to of counterculture, create models with your project stakeholders to help explore their requirements and then to explore those requirements sufficiently in social imagination architectural and design models (often simple sketches). TDD should be used as a critical part of of counterculture, your build efforts to ensure that you develop clean, working code.
The end result is that you will have a high-quality, working system that meets the feudalism, actual needs of of counterculture, your project stakeholders. I think Bob Martin says it well “The act of into, writing a unit test is more an of counterculture, act of Haiti: and Condition, design than of verification. It is also more an example, act of documentation than of verification. The act of writing a unit test closes a remarkable number of feedback loops, the least of which is the one pertaining to verification of function”. The first reaction that many people have to reducing prejudice, agile techniques is that they're ok for small projects, perhaps involving a handful of of counterculture, people for Haiti: and Condition Essay, several months, but that they wouldn't work for example, real projects that are much larger.
That’s simply not true. Beck (2003) reports working on a Smalltalk system taking a completely test-driven approach which took 4 years and 40 person years of effort, resulting in 250,000 lines of functional code and 250,000 lines of into the wild death, test code. Example Of Counterculture. There are 4000 tests running in under 20 minutes, with the social imagination, full suite being run several times a day. Although there are larger systems out of counterculture there, I've personally worked on systems where several hundred person years of effort were involved, it is clear that TDD works for good-sized systems. Table 1. Addressing the and Condition, myths and misconceptions surrounding TDD. Figure 5. Example. Overview of testing on Aftermath and Condition, agile project teams. Unfortunately the adoption rate of example of counterculture, TDD isn't as high as I would hope. Imagination. Figure 6, which summarizes results from the 2010 How Agile Are You? survey, provides insight into example, which validation strategies are being followed by social the teams claiming to be agile. I suspect that the example, adoption rates reported for developer TDD and acceptance TDD, 53% and 44% respectively, are much more realistic than those reported in my 2008 Test Driven Development (TDD) Survey.
Figure 6. How agile teams validate their own work. The following is a representative list of TDD tools available to you. Please email me with suggestions. I also maintain a list of agile database development tools. .Net developers may find this comparison of .Net TDD tools interesting. We actively work with clients around the reducing, world to improve their information technology (IT) practices, typically in the role of mentor/coach, team lead, or trainer.
A full description of what we do, and how to contact us, can be found at Scott Ambler + Associates.
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Nov 21, 2017 Example of counterculture,
Free Essays on Example Of Editorial Essay. ?Jack Hamilton AP English 3 Mrs. Example Of Counterculture. Rothbard Period 5 December 21, 2014 Bill O'Reilly Editorial Essay Whether it be from his television show The O'Reilly Factor, one of social imagination, his Killing books, or from example, editorial articles, it is fair to say that most Americans know who Bill O'Reilly is. Imagination. O'Reilly is known for. ?ENC 1101 Formal Paper Assignment 2: The Exemplification Essay (worth 125 points) All papers must be typed in example, 12-point Times New Roman font using proper MLA format. Of Rights. In a reasonably coherent thesis-driven essay of example of counterculture, between two-and-a-half to three typewritten, double-spaced pages, address one of the. How to Write Effective Summary and Response Essays. English 1010 Essay #1 Assignment Summary – Response Paper Writing Effective Summary and Response Essays The Summary: A summary is a concise paraphrase of all the main ideas in free speech, an essay . It cites the author and the title (usually in the first sentence); it contains the essay's thesis and supporting. tentative or experimental effort to example of counterculture perform : try — es·say·er noun Examples of ESSAY There is no hint as to which of the approaches essayed in this book will prove most useful.
First Known Use of ESSAY 14th century Related to speech bill ESSAY Synonyms assay, endeavor, attempt, seek, strive, try Related. Portfolio _______- __________________ Essay Cover Sheet Instructor Student Identification Prefix Number Please type or print. What was the example, writing assignment? (Use your teacher’s words or attach the assignment.) Assignment-Descriptive Essay The idea here is to find a place that. Such an example of racism, its operations, the example . Example. Began with examples of than. Recognize the words sample analysis possible solutions or distribution. Paper an such an moral issue roles with. Feudalism. Below is but employ non-uniform distribution. Ulation” is identifying an example of counterculture, oral. Into The Wild. Modern family, one of ways and. CMC 220 Course Material - cmc220dotcom.
Week 3 DQs PART 1 OF 2 CMC 220 Week 3 DQs PART 2 OF 2 CMC 220 Week 4 Assignment: Editing an Article CMC 220 Week 4 CheckPoint: Influence of Editorial Work CMC 220 Week 4 Exercise: Collaborative Editing CMC 220 Week 5 DQs PART 1 of 2 CMC 220 Week 5 DQs PART 2 of 2 CMC 220 Week 6 CheckPoint. appreciation are directed not upon the poet but upon the poetry (3., 5), and in this same essay he examines the importance of tradition. The link to tradition is important because Eliot himself finds it difficult in this essay to separate the of counterculture, poet from his work. In the following quote the feudalism, underlined words are. How to of counterculture Write an Argumentative Essay. ?Writing Your Argument Essay Now that you are familiar with techniques for Haiti: Aftermath Essay analyzing an of counterculture, argument, it is time to discuss techniques that will help you write effective critique. Again, you will have 30minutes to free speech bill complete this portion of the test and, luckily, there are only 5 steps you need to take. Example. As. Question: (TCO 4) Winner argues that some technologies have become so fully integrated in our society that they have actually taken on social roles. An example of this would be 7. Question: (TCO 8) The most culturally influential class in Industrial Britain was 8. Question: Which of the following is considered.
Should children be spanked? 1. Imagination. They need an Aristotelian or Rogerian Intervention. Of Counterculture. Here are the options for the Persuasive Essay . See the Persuasive Guidelines Attachment below for reducing prejudice complete details. Example. Remember to bill of rights consider Ethos/Logos/Pathos (Aristotelian Argument) as you write, as well as Rogerian. Center that interest you and locate a set of example, materials from the reducing, database for each topic. If you choose school violence as one of your topics, for example , you might find a magazine article that argues that violence in the media causes school violence and a Web site that persuasively argues that violence.
Analysis of an of counterculture, Issue Essay Outline—Two Choices I. Introduction The question of whether [restate the speech, topic in example of counterculture, your own words—for example , 'schools should be responsible only for teaching academic skills and Earthquake, Aftermath not for example teaching ethical and racism social values'] is complex and the answer. HUM 114 UOP COURSE TUTORIAL/SHOPTUTORIAL. visit www.shoptutorial.com Part B Review Ch. 5 9 of The Art of Thinking. Example Of Counterculture. Suppose you are a newspaper columnist who will address, in the next editorial blog of speech bill of rights, your newspaper’s website, the same topic from the article in Part A. Write a 150- to 200-word answer to each of the following questions: . Descriptive Writing/ Essay Persuasive Writing/ Essay Quickwrite: What is your experience with writing persuasive essays ? ? If you have never written one, have you ever tried to example convince someone to act a certain way or do something? ? If so, what techniques did you use? What kind of argument. the ever-increasing major problems.
This essay has been divided into pyramid three parts. The first part deals with the overpopulation in Jakarta. The second part looks at the traffic jam and flooding that are the example of counterculture, major problems of Jakarta. The third part of this essay considers the imagination, positive things that are developing. CONNECTIONS ACADEMY® P P Research Papers and Essays : Formatting and Citing Sources Not only does a good research paper include thorough research and thoughtful analysis, it should also follow specific rules for citing your sources and formatting. This brief guide will illustrate how to correctly. magazine.
The editor has asked you to write next month’s editorial on interpersonal relationships in the health care industry. Resource: How Assertive Are You? quiz in Ch. 6 of of counterculture, Communicating in the Workplace Write a 700- to 1,050-word editorial essay and include the following: • Define effective communication. CMC 220 UOP Course Material - cmc220dotcom. news and editorial opinion? Consider such sources as blogging andadvocacy Web sites and use specific examples of news information in speech of rights, youranswer. Consider responding to example your classmates byascertaining whether their suggestions for determining objective news andeditorial opinion apply to the examples that. contributions ( Editorial 2008).
It is just like any computer that can run applications, store and into manipulate data and process information. Users can also perform drag and drop functions on the webpage and of counterculture there are moveable items that the Earthquake, and Condition Essay, users can customise to make it more personal, for example in Facebook. instructions from many sources. The media, her family, and friends force upon her expectations of example of counterculture, beauty, submission, and pyramid virginity, among other things. For example , when Esther states that she will never marry, her friend Buddy Willard responded matter-of-factly and said, you're crazy.
When referring to socially. Name Day Month 2011 Title Subtitle (if you have one) Following this template will help you turn in what I expect to of counterculture see in a report, essay , or written response. If you choose to ignore this template you will lose points. Notice that all text is feudalism pyramid Times New Roman font and its size is 12. Template Writing Editorials And Colum. Writing Editorials and Columns What is an of counterculture, Editorial ? An Editorial is usually written by the editor or one of the writers on his or her behalf and it represents the Haiti: Earthquake, Aftermath and Condition Essay, views of the newspaper. Also in editorial section, you will find other people’s opinions on the same subject or others. They are known as. PHIL447N Final Exam Essays 2016 Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwaid.com/shop/phil447n-final-exam- essays -2016/ (TCOs 3, 6, 7, 9) Here is a passage that contains a rhetorical fallacy. Name the fallacy, and in of counterculture, a paragraph, explain why the argument is irrelevant to the point at issue.
Here. persuasive essay about feudalism a subject for which I do not care. The only thing I could think to try to example convince people to 60s do was to example refuse to write a persuasive essay ever again. I faced a kind of moral paradox with this, though. If I wrote a persuasive essay telling people not to reducing write persuasive essays , what. exercised by traditional distributors? How will all these changes affect cultural trends and our expectations of music as an example of counterculture, art form? Provide specific examples . Points Received: 50 of 50 Comments: Well done Page 1 LAS 432 Midterm Exam – Version 1 Question: (TCO 1) The. Black Men and 60s Public Space by Brent Staples Reflection Essay: The Big Black Truth and The Little White Lies.
“Black Men and Public Space” In his essay titled “Black Men and Public Space,” journalist and editorial writer for the New York Times, Brent Staples writes about his time residing in example of counterculture, Chicago as a college graduate student and the conflicts he faced with the public. Into. His essay reveals how the presence of black. CMC 220 UOP Course Tutorial / tutorialoutlet. 220 Week 3 DQs PART 1 OF 2 CMC 220 Week 3 DQs PART 2 OF 2 CMC 220 Week 4 Assignment: Editing an Article CMC 220 Week 4 CheckPoint: Influence of example, Editorial Work CMC 220 Week 4 Exercise: Collaborative Editing CMC 220 Week 5 DQs PART 1 of 2 CMC 220 Week 5 DQs PART 2 of 2 CMC 220 Week 6 CheckPoint: News. The Age of the Essay September 2004 Remember the essays you had to racism in the write in of counterculture, high school? Topic sentence, introductory paragraph, supporting paragraphs, conclusion. The conclusion being, say, that Ahab in Moby Dick was a Christ-like figure.
Oy. So I'm going to try to give the other side of the. CMC 220 UOP COURSETUTORIAL/ SHOPTUTORIAL. and editorial opinion? Consider such sources as blogging and social imagination advocacy Web sites and use specific examples of news information in your answer. Consider responding to your classmates by ascertaining whether their suggestions for of counterculture determining objective news and editorial opinion apply to the examples that. nameplate can combine type and artwork together.
The artwork however, should not make the nameplate jumbled and racism in the 60s hard to read. Figure 8-19 shows several examples of nameplates. The nameplate can be made to example float on feudalism the page. Although a nameplate that runs the entire width of the example of counterculture, page can be made to feudalism float. CMC 220 Course Tutorial/SnapTutorial. and editorial opinion? Consider such sources as blogging and advocacy Web sites and of counterculture use specific examples of news information in your answer.
Consider responding to your classmates by ascertaining whether their suggestions for determining objective news and reducing prejudice editorial opinion apply to the examples that. ENG 121 ASH COURSE Tutorial/UOPHELP. ENG 121 Entire Course (Ash) For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com ENG 121 Week 1 Diagnostic Essay ENG 121 Week 1 DQ 1 Strengths and Weaknesses in Writing ENG 121 Week 1 DQ 2 Reading Strategies ENG 121 Week 2 DQ 1 Generating Ideas for example Writing ENG 121 Week 2 DQ 2 Elements of Narration . ANALYSING STYLE The non-fiction essay takes many forms: a persuasive paper about an issue the writer feels strongly about, a personal reflective essay , a newspaper editorial , a satiric piece, a review of a movie or book. As you read and write non-fiction essays , keep in mind the following two considerations. work and of rights family priorities get in the way of my study and writing time. One of my favorite assignments for this semester was the personal narrative essay . This assignment was one of example, great ease to me. Racism In The 60s. I sat down and immediately came up with an idea centered on example a memory or experience. Once I pinpointed.
Editorial Evaluation Gabriel Hess City University of Seattle BC301 - Critical Thinking Cheryl-Ann Laws-Brown November 18, 2011 Editorial Evaluation: Feeling poorer? You have plenty of company. Racism In The. USA Today News Could it be true that more people live in poverty today than at any point in the last. HCA 230 Ver. 4 Complete Class Week 1-9 Includes All Assignments. magazine. The editor has asked you to write next month’s editorial on interpersonal relationships in the health care industry. Resource: How Assertive Are You? quiz in of counterculture, Ch. 6 of Communicating in the Workplace Write a 700- to 1,050-word editorial essay and include the following: Define effective communication. Question: (TCO 4) Winner argues that some technologies have become so fully integrated in our society that they have actually taken on social roles. An example of this would be Question: (TCO 8) The most culturally influential class in Industrial Britain was Question: Which of the following is considered.
The editorial works of imagination, Ralph Steadman: An exploration using semantic theory. 100186393 Assignment: The editorial works of Ralph Steadman: An exploration using semantic theory. Example. Module Number: 5VC507 Contents Main Text – Page 3 Illustrations – Page 11 Bibliography – Page 16 The Editorial Works of Ralph Steadman. Writing the Critical or Rhetorical Analysis. thinking skills.
In writing a rhetorical or critical analysis, you are typically asked to evaluate an essay from a collection in the wild death, an anthology or a piece of example of counterculture, writing from today’s media, such as an editorial or letter to free bill the editor. Even though you may have some opinion about the topic and the writer’s position. 1st assignment I want you to look in the newspaper editorials over example the next couple of days (I don't care which one so long as it is into the wild a regular news source - online works). Pick out, quote, and label the semantic issues in the editorial (ie: loaded words, semantic range of words, context, etc). 2nd. HCA 230 UOP Courses Tutorial / Uoptutorial. case study you have chosen. Example. • Define the feudalism pyramid, elements of good interpersonal communication. • Explain what happened in the case study and of counterculture why it is an example of pyramid, poor interpersonal communication. Include the following: • Perceptions of the participants • The conflict type and conflict management styles . uophelp.com ENG 121 Week 1 Diagnostic Essay ENG 121 Week 1 DQ 1 Strengths and of counterculture Weaknesses in feudalism, Writing ENG 121 Week 1 DQ 2 Reading Strategies ENG 121 Week 2 DQ 1 Generating Ideas for of counterculture Writing ENG 121 Week 2 DQ 2 Elements of Narration ENG 121 Week 2 Narrative Essay Draft ENG 121 Week 3 DQ 1 The Qualities.
HCA 230 Uop Course Tutorialoutlet. magazine. The editor has asked you to Haiti: Aftermath Essay write next month’s editorial on interpersonal relationships in the health care industry. Resource: How Assertive Are You? quiz in Ch. Of Counterculture. 6 of Communicating in the Workplace Write a 700- to 1,050-word editorial essay and include the following: • Define effective communication. ?Rifkin - Sample Rhetorical Analyses 1. STRATEGY OF USING ANIMAL NAMES In “A Change of Heart About Animals,” a 2003 editorial published in the Los Angeles Times, Jeremy Rifkin argues that new research calls into question many of the boundaries commonly thought to feudalism pyramid exist between humans and other.
english essay girls are better than boys. Girls are hard workers, mature individuals, and more aware than any boy has . from http://www.studymode.com/ essays /Girls-Are-Better-Than-Boys-873542.html. Example. Girls Are Better Than Boys Free Essays 1 - 20 www.studymode.com/subjects/girls-are-better-than-boys-page1.html At key stage 1 to 3 girls. exercised by traditional distributors? How will all these changes affect cultural trends and our expectations of music as an art form? Provide specific examples . Points Received: 50 of 50 Comments: Well done Page 1 LAS 432 Midterm Exam – Version 1 1. Question: (TCO. CMC 220 UOP Course/ Tutorialoutlet. DQs PART 1 OF 2 CMC 220 Week 3 DQs PART 2 OF 2 CMC 220 Week 4 Assignment: Editing an Article CMC 220 Week 4 CheckPoint: Influence of Editorial Work CMC 220 Week 4 Exercise: Collaborative Editing CMC 220 Week 5 DQs PART 1 of 2 CMC 220 Week 5 DQs PART 2 of 2 CMC 220 Week 6 CheckPoint. HCA 230 UOP Course Tutorial / UOPhelp. magazine.
The editor has asked you to write next month’s editorial on interpersonal relationships in the health care industry. Resource: How Assertive Are You? quiz in Ch. 6 of social, Communicating in the Workplace Write a 700- to 1,050-word editorial essay and include the following: • Define effective communication. about language in of counterculture, your answer. Say that the free of rights, language attempts to persuade you even though there are no concrete facts, and be sure to give a few examples . Back all your ideas up with evidence. Ask questions. Example Of Counterculture. Compare the bits of text you’re given in the exam (as long as they’ve actually asked you.
Analytical Review of Race and Revolution by Earthquake, and Condition Gary B. Nash. professor of History at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), Nash has authored or co-authored over example 30 books on history; served on racism numerous editorial advisory boards, faculty advisory committees, prize and nominating committees; served as Director of the National Center for History in the Schools;. An Editorial on of counterculture Goverment Secrets. Stromme Mrs. Feudalism. Floading AP Language amp; Composition 1/2/13 Editorial #6 In the article “Too many government secrets” (2012), the Editorial Board argues that the federal government is hiding too many secrets from Americans. The Editorial Board supports their argument with numerous studies, statistics.
Strategic Implementation Essay (Harrison-Keyes Example) take that position. In addition, anxiety abounds with the editorial staff as they fear the use of Asia Digital means their jobs are in jeopardy (University of Phoenix, 2007). To this regard, an opportunity exists to re-affirm the editorial staff as they are critical to example the success of Harrison-Keyes. education and invest in their future. To ensure these things for each child and racism future generations, Californians in example, 1988 passed Proposition 98. In this essay , I will discuss proposition 98, what it does and how it works. Who benefits from it and into death who is hindered by it and of counterculture how proposition 98 changed the budget. write Essay in SBI PO Exam? Dear readers, as you know that SBI PO 2014 Paper will also contain a Descriptive Test of 50 marks (1 hour duration), which will consist of English Language Comprehension, Short Precis, Letter Writing Essay ). So, here we are presenting you How to speech of rights write Essay ? and few.
HUM 114 UOP Course Tutorial / UOPHELP. tutorials visit www.uophelp.com Part B Review Ch. 5 9 of The Art of Thinking. Example Of Counterculture. Suppose you are a newspaper columnist who will address, in the next editorial blog of your newspaper’s website, the same topic from the article in social, Part A. Write a 150- to 200-word answer to each of the following questions: . How to Write a Good Dental School Essay. How to Write a Good Dental School Essay X WayneS This article was created by a professional writer and of counterculture edited by experienced copy editors, both qualified members of the Demand Media Studios community.
All articles go through an editorial process that includes subject matter guidelines, plagiarism. Two Sample SAT Essays —Up Close Below is of rights our sample essay question, which is designed to be as close as possible to example an essay question that might appear on the SAT. You’ll recognize that it’s based on the great philosopher Moses Pelingus’s assertion, “There’s no success like failure,” which we have referred. Practices Using visual analysis, discuss Hall’s statement below in relation to bill your chosen photograph This essay will be looking at this image from the controversial Make Love Not War editorial by Steven Meisel for Vogue Italia in 2007. The aim is to expand on Hall’s theory that an image does not have.
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Nov 21, 2017 Example of counterculture,
essay monkey trial Who would dominate American culture--the modernists or the traditionalists? Journalists were looking for example of counterculture, a showdown, and they found one in a Dayton, Tennessee courtroom in the summer of 1925. There a jury was to decide the fate of John Scopes , a high school biology teacher charged with illegally teaching the theory of social imagination evolution. The guilt or innocence of John Scopes, and even the constitutionality of Tennessee's anti-evolution statute, mattered little.
The meaning of the trial emerged through its interpretation as a conflict of social and intellectual values. William Jennings Bryan, three-time Democratic candidate for President and example of counterculture a populist, led a Fundamentalist crusade to banish Darwin 's theory of evolution from American classrooms. Bryan's motivation for mounting the crusade is unclear. It is possible that Bryan, who cared deeply about equality, worried that Darwin's theories were being used by supporters of a growing eugenics movement that was advocating sterilization of Haiti: Earthquake, inferior stock. More likely, the example of counterculture, Great Commoner came to his cause both out of rights, a concern that the teaching of evolution would undermine traditional values he had long supported and because he had a compelling desire to remain in the public spotlight--a spotlight he had occupied since his famous Cross of Gold speech at the 1896 Democratic Convention. Bryan, in the words of columnist H. L. Mencken , who covered the example of counterculture, Scopes Trial, transformed himself into a sort of Fundamentalist Pope. Feudalism. By 1925, Bryan and of counterculture his followers had succeeded in getting legislation introduced in feudalism pyramid, fifteen states to ban the teaching of evolution. In February, Tennessee enacted a bill introduced by example of counterculture, John Butler making it unlawful to teach any theory that denies the feudalism, story of divine creation as taught by the Bible and to teach instead that man was descended from a lower order of animals. The Scopes Trial had its origins in a conspiracy at Fred Robinson's drugstore in Dayton.
George Rappalyea, a 31-year-old transplanted New Yorker and local coal company manager, arrived at of counterculture the drugstore with a copy of a paper containing an American Civil Liberties Union announcement that it was willing to offer its services to anyone challenging the new Tennessee anti-evolution statute. Into The Wild Death. Rappalyea, a modernist Methodist with contempt for the new law, argued to example of counterculture other town leaders that a trial would be a way of putting Dayton on free speech, the map. Listening to Rappalyea, the others--including School Superintendent Walter White--became convinced that publicity generated by a controversial trial might help their town, whose population had fallen from of counterculture, 3,000 in the 1890's to 1,800 in 1925. The conspirators summoned John Scopes, a twenty-four-year old general science teacher and part-time football coach, to the drugstore. As Scopes later described the meeting, Rappalyea said, John, we've been arguing and I said nobody could teach biology without teaching evolution. Scopes agreed. Free Speech Bill. That's right, he said, pulling a copy of Hunter's Civic Biology--the state-approved textbook--from one of the example of counterculture, shelves of the drugstore (the store also sold school textbooks). You've been teaching 'em this book? Rappalyea asked. Scopes replied that while filling in for the regular biology teacher during an the wild death illness, he had assigned readings on evolution from the book for review purposes. Then you've been violating the law, Rappalyea concluded.
Would you be willing to stand for example, a test case? he asked. Scopes agreed. He later explained his decision: the best time to scotch the snake is when it starts to wiggle. Herbert and social Sue Hicks, two local attorneys and friends of Scopes, agreed to prosecute. Rappalyea initially wanted science fiction writer H. G. Wells to head the defense team.
I am sure that in of counterculture, the interest of science Mr. Wells will consent, Rappalyea predicted. Wells had no interest in taking the case, but others did. John Neal , an eccentric law school dean from Knoxville, drove to Dayton and volunteered to represent Scopes. When William Jennings Bryan offered to join the prosecution team--despite having not practiced law in over thirty years--, Clarence Darrow , approaching seventy, jumped to join the battle in Dayton. Darrow was not the first choice of the ACLU, who was concerned that Darrow's zealous agnosticism might turn the into the wild death, trial into a broadside attack on of counterculture, religion.The ACLU first preferred former presidential candidates John W. Davies and Charles Evans Hughes, but neither was willing to serve alongside Darrow. Instead, it dispatched Arthur Garfield Hays, a prominent free speech advocate, to join the free, defense team. The final member of the defense team was Dudley Field Malone, an international divorce attorney (and another volunteer who the ACLU might have preferred to stay at home). Completing the prosecution team in Dayton were present and former attorneys general for example of counterculture, Eastern Tennessee, A. T. Stewart and Ben B. McKenzie , and Bryan's son, federal prosecutor William Jennings Bryan, Jr. Time has a way of feudalism simplifying events and today Darrow and Bryan are remembered as the key adversaries in the trial, even though Hays for the defense and Stewart for the prosecution played equally important roles at example the trial. A carnival atmosphere pervaded Dayton as the opening of the trial approached in July of 1925.
Banners decorated the streets. Lemonade stands were set up. Chimpanzees, said to have been brought to town to testify for social, the prosecution, performed in a side show on Main Street. Anti- Evolution League members sold copies of T. T. Martin's book Hell and example the High School . Holy rollers rolled in the surrounding hills and riverbanks. Nearly a thousand people, 300 of whom were standing, jammed the Rhea County Courthouse on July 10, 1925 for the first day of trial. (Judge John T. Raulston , the presiding judge in the Scopes Trial, had proposed moving the trial under a tent that would have seated 20,000 people).
Also in attendance were announcers ready to send to listeners the first live radio broadcast from a trial. Judge Raulston, a conservative Christian who craved publicity, was flanked by two police officers waving huge fans to keep air circulating. The proceedings opened, over Darrow's objections, to a prayer. A jury of twelve men, including ten (mostly middle-aged) farmers and eleven regular church-goers, was quickly selected. The trial adjourned for 60s, the weekend. On Sunday, William Jennings Bryan delivered the sermon at Dayton's Methodist Church. Example. He used the occasion to attack the defense strategy in the Scopes case. As Bryan spoke, Judge Raulston and his entire family listened attentively from their front pew seats. On the first business day of trial, the defense moved to quash the indictment on both state and imagination federal constitutional grounds. Example. This move was at the heart of the pyramid, defense strategy.
The defense's goal was not to win acquittal for John Scopes, but rather to example of counterculture obtain a declaration by a higher court--preferably the U.S. Supreme Court--that laws forbidding the teaching of into the wild death evolution were unconstitutional. (That goal, however, would not be realized for another 43 years, in the case of Epperson v. Arkansas ). As expected, Judge Raulston denied the defense motion. Opening statements pictured the trial as a titanic struggle between good and evil or truth and example of counterculture ignorance. In The. Bryan claimed that if evolution wins, Christianity goes. Darrow argued, Scopes isn't on example of counterculture, trial; civilization is on trial. The prosecution, Darrow contended, was opening the doors for a reign of bigotry equal to anything in the Middle Ages. To the gasps of prejudice spectators, Darrow said Bryan was responsible for the foolish, mischievous and wicked act. Darrow said that the anti-evolution law made the Bible the yardstick to measure every man's intellect, to measure every man's intelligence, to measure every man's learning. It was classic Darrow, and the press--mostly sympathetic to example of counterculture the defense--loved it.
The prosecution opened its case by asking the court to take judicial notice of the Book of Earthquake, and Condition Essay Genesis, as it appears in the King James version. It did. Superintendent White led off the prosecution's list of example witnesses with his testimony that John Scopes had admitted teaching about evolution from Hunter's Civic Biology . Chief Prosecutor Tom Stewart then asked seven students in death, Scope's class a series of questions about his teachings. They testified that Scopes told them that man and all other mammals had evolved from one-celled organism. Darrow cross-examined--gently, though with obvious sarcasm--the students, asking freshman Howard Morgan: Well, did he tell you anything else that was wicked? No, not that I can remember, Howard answered. After drugstore owner Fred Robinson took the stand to testify as to Scope's statement that any teacher in example, the state who was teaching Hunter's Biology was violating the social imagination, law, the prosecution rested. It was a simple case. On Thursday, July 16, the defense called its first witness, Dr. Maynard Metcalf, a zoologist from the Johns Hopkins University.
The prosecution objected, arguing that the testimony was irrelevant to Scopes' guilt or innocence under the statue. Before ruling the example, prosecution's evidence, Judge Raulston decided to hear some of Dr. Earthquake, And Condition. Metcalf's testimony about the theory of evolution. The testimony evoked Bryan's only extended speech of the trial. Bryan mocked Metcalf's exposition of the theory of evolution, complaining that the evolutionists had man descending not even from American monkeys, but Old World monkeys. Dudley Malone countered for the defense, arguing in a thundering voice that the prosecution's position was borne of the example of counterculture, same ignorance which made it possible for theologians. to bring Old Galilee to imagination trial. It was a powerful speech. Anti-evolution lawmaker John Butler called it the finest speech of the century. Members of the press gave Malone a standing ovation and most courtroom spectators joined in the sustained applause.
The next day, Raulston ruled the defense's expert testimony inadmissible. Raulston's ruling angered Darrow. He said he could not understand why every suggestion of the prosecution should meet with an of counterculture endless waste of time, and a bare suggestion of anything that is perfectly competent on our part should be immediately overruled. Raulston asked Darrow, I hope you do not mean to Haiti: and Condition Essay reflect upon example of counterculture, the court? Darrow's reply: Well, your honor has the right to hope. Raulston responded, I have the the wild death, right to do something else.
The insult earned Darrow a contempt finding, which was later dropped when Darrow, to a big hand from spectators, apologized for of counterculture, his remark. Darrow and Raulston shook hands. After expressing concern that the courtroom floor might collapse from the weight of the many spectators, Raulston transferred the proceedings to the lawn outside the courthouse. There, facing the Haiti: and Condition, jury, hung a sign--attached to the courthouse wall-- reading, Read Your Bible. Example. Darrow asked either that the sign be removed or that a second sign of equal size saying Read Your Evolution be put up along with it. Social. Raulston ordered the example of counterculture, sign removed. Before a crowd that had swelled to about 5,000, the defense read into reducing prejudice, the record, for purpose of appellate review, excerpts from the prepared statements of eight scientists and four experts on religion who had been prepared to testify. The statements of the experts were widely reported by the press, helping Darrow succeed in his efforts to turn the trial into a national biology lesson. On the seventh day of of counterculture trial, Raulston asked the defense if it had any more evidence. What followed was what the New York Times described as the feudalism, most amazing court scene in Anglo-Saxon history.
Hays asked that William Jennings Bryan be called to example of counterculture the stand as an expert on Haiti: Essay, the Bible. Bryan assented, stipulating only that he should have a chance to interrogate the defense lawyers. Bryan, dismissing the concerns of his prosecution colleagues, took a seat on the witness stand, and began fanning himself. Darrow began his interrogation of Bryan with a quiet question: You have given considerable study to the Bible, haven't you, Mr. Example. Bryan? Bryan replied, Yes, I have. I have studied the Bible for into, about fifty years. Of Counterculture. Thus began a series of questions designed to undermine a literalist interpretation of the Bible.
Bryan was asked about a whale swallowing Jonah, Joshua making the sun stand still, Noah and the great flood, the pyramid, temptation of Adam in the garden of Eden, and the creation according to Genesis. After initially contending that everything in the Bible should be accepted as it is given there, Bryan finally conceded that the words of the Bible should not always be taken literally. Example. In response to Darrow's relentless questions as to whether the six days of and Condition creation, as described in Genesis, were twenty-four hour days, Bryan said My impression is that they were periods. Bryan, who began his testimony calmly, stumbled badly under Darrow's persistent prodding. At one point the exasperated Bryan said, I do not think about example things I don't think about. Darrow asked, Do you think about the things you do think about? Bryan responded, to Earthquake, Aftermath and Condition the derisive laughter of spectators, Well, sometimes. Both old warriors grew testy as the examination continued.
Bryan accused Darrow of attempting to slur at the Bible. He said that he would continue to answer Darrow's impertinent questions because I want the world to know that this man, who does not believe in example, God, is trying to use a court in the wild, Tennessee--. Darrow interrupted his witness by example of counterculture, saying, I object to your statement and to your fool ideas that no intelligent Christian on earth believes. After that outburst, Raulston ordered the court adjourned. The next day, Raulston ruled that Bryan could not return to reducing prejudice the stand and of counterculture that his testimony the previous day should be stricken from evidence. The confrontation between Bryan and Darrow was reported by the press as a defeat for Bryan.
According to one historian, As a man and imagination as a legend, Bryan was destroyed by his testimony that day. His performance was described as that of a pitiable, punch drunk warrior. Darrow, however, has also not escaped criticism. Alan Dershowitz, for example, contended that the celebrated defense attorney comes off as something of an anti-religious cynic. The trial was nearly over.
Darrow asked the jury to return a verdict of of counterculture guilty in order that the case might be appealed to the Tennessee Supreme Court. Pyramid. Under Tennessee law, Bryan was thereby denied the of counterculture, opportunity to feudalism deliver a closing speech he had labored over for weeks. Of Counterculture. The jury complied with Darrow's request, and Haiti: Earthquake, and Condition Judge Raulston fined him $100. Six days after the trial, William Jennings Bryan was still in Dayton. After eating an enormous dinner, he lay down to take a nap and died in his sleep.
Clarence Darrow was hiking in the Smoky Mountains when word of Bryan's death reached him. When reporters suggested to him that Bryan died of a broken heart, Darrow said Broken heart nothing; he died of a busted belly. In a louder voice he added, His death is a great loss to the American people. A year later, the Tennessee Supreme Court reversed the decision of the example of counterculture, Dayton court on Haiti: Earthquake, Aftermath, a technicality--not the constitutional grounds as Darrow had hoped. According to the court, the fine should have been set by the jury, not Raulston. Rather than send the case back for further action, however, the example, Tennessee Supreme Court dismissed the case.
The court commented, Nothing is to be gained by prolonging the prejudice, life of this bizarre case. The Scopes trial by no means ended the debate over the teaching of evolution, but it did represent a significant setback for the anti-evolution forces. Of the fifteen states with anti- evolution legislation pending in example of counterculture, 1925, only two states (Arkansas and Mississippi) enacted laws restricting teaching of Darwin's theory.