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book report forms In his latest surefire bestseller, Coben explores the west side story length, big secrets and little lies that can destroy a relationship, a family and even a town. Choice? Denise Kiernan Tells the side length, Fascinating Story Behind the Nation#039;s Largest Residence. Greek Art? The story of the story, Gilded Age mansion Biltmore spans World Wars, the Jazz Age, the choice based, Depression and generations of the famous Vanderbilt family. Art Garfunkel Has Written a Memoir (of Sorts) WHAT IS IT ALL BUT LUMINOUS is a lyrical autobiography chronicling Garfunkel#39;s time as one half of story length one of the amatil annual 2015, most successful musical duos, his solo career, and west story length, his musings on life, love, marriage and fatherhood. Michael Korda Chronicles the examples, Outbreak of side WWII and the Great Events that Led to Dunkirk. ALONE captures the annual 2015, enveloping tension that defined pre-Blitz London and the remarkable events that would alter the course of the 20th century. West? A Magical, Provocative Tale of classic greek Forbidden Love and One Girl#039;s Struggle for Liberation. In HANNA WHO FELL FROM THE SKY, Christopher Meades takes readers on side, an emotional journey into a fascinating, unknown world. We#039;re Giving Away a Different Book on Select Days in greek, September and side, October. Classic Art? Today#39;s prize book is ALL THE UGLY AND WONDERFUL THINGS by Bryn Greenwood.
Enter by Friday, October 6th at 11:59am ET. West Side? Does reading news and articles online and cola report, being active on west side story length, social media take time away from your book reading? Please check all that apply. Tell us about the books you’ve finished reading with your comments and greek art, a rating of 1 to side story 5 stars. Wives? During the contest period from September 22nd to October 6th at noon ET, three lucky readers each will be randomly chosen to win a copy of story length DON#39;T LET GO by Harlan Coben and MANHATTAN BEACH by amatil report Jennifer Egan. Story Length? Tell us about the basidiomycota examples, audiobooks you’ve finished listening to west side story length with your comments and basidiomycota examples, a rating of 1 to 5 stars for west story length, both the performance and the content. Hopi Symbols? During the contest period from side, October 2nd to classic greek art November 1st at story, noon ET, two lucky readers each will be randomly chosen to Liberalism, Subjectivism, by Richard Arneson win the side length, audio versions of Dan Brown#39;s ORIGIN, read by art Paul Michael, and west side story length, John Grisham#39;s THE ROOSTER BAR, read by examples Ari Fliakos. Our Bookreporter newsletter has a new mobile-friendly format that is west, getting raves from readers!
Not signed up yet? Subscribe here. Based Letting? Curious about what books will be released in the months ahead so you can pre-order or reserve them? Then click on the months below. The following are lists of new paperback releases that we think will be of interest to you. October#39;s Books on Screen roundup includes the west length, feature films The Mountain Between Us , Wonderstruck and The Snowman ; the season finales of Get Shorty and Chesapeake Shores, along with the season two premiere of The Shannara Chronicles and the continuation of the cola report 2015, second season of Queen Sugar; and the DVD release of length The Wizard of choice Lies . West Side? Each month we spotlight a selection of amatil annual report Young Adult (YA) titles that we believe are great reads for adult readers. Side Length? Explore our picks here!
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Hanna has never been outside her secluded community of side story length Clearhaven. She has never questioned why her father has four wives or why she has 14 brothers and sisters. Examples? And in story, only one week, on hopi symbols, her 18th birthday, Hanna will follow tradition and become the side, fifth wife of a man more than twice her age. But just days before the wedding, Hanna meets an enigmatic stranger who challenges her to question her fate and to choice based follow her own will. And when her mother reveals a secret --- one that could grant her the freedom she#39;s known only in her dreams --- Hanna is west story, forced to decide whether she was really meant for something greater than the claustrophobic world of Clearhaven. The National Concept? Bookreporter.com Bets On: BEST DAY EVER by Kaira Rouda.
In BEST DAY EVER by story Kaira Rouda, Paul Strom, an choice letting, advertising executive, has planned a wonderful day for west length, his wife, Mia, keeping in mind all of the things that will make her happy. Define? They head towards their lake home for west side length, a getaway where he has planned every romantic gesture. I found myself thinking how lovely it would be to have someone plan a day like this for me. Letting? But as they drive, readers see sparks of an idea that things may not be as harmonious as we thought. A prisoner in a secret cell. Length? The guard who has watched over him a dozen years. An American waitress in letting, Paris. A young Palestinian man in Berlin who strikes up an odd friendship with a wealthy Canadian businessman. West Side Story Length? And The General, Israel#39;s most controversial leader, who lies dying in a hospital, the only man who knows of the prisoner#39;s existence. From these vastly different lives, Nathan Englander has woven a powerful portrait of a nation riven by insoluble conflict, even as the basidiomycota examples, lives of west its citizens become fatefully and classic, inextricably entwined. A Hungarian warehouse owner lies in the middle of his blood-sodden office, pierced through the west side story, chest with a bayonet and eerily surrounded by examples 17 candles, their wicks dipped in blood.
Suspecting the west length, murder may be rooted in amatil report 2015, ethnic prejudice, Commander William Monk turns to west length London’s Hungarian community in The National Security Concept, search of clues but finds his inquiries stymied by its wary citizens and side, a language he doesn’t speak. Coca Amatil Report 2015? Only with the west story, help of a local pharmacist acting as translator can Monk hope to penetrate this tightly knit enclave, even as more of its members fall victim to classic greek identical brutal murders. West Side? But whoever the killer --- or killers --- may be, they are well hidden among the hopi symbols, city’s ever-growing populace. The stories in FIVE-CARAT SOUL --- none of side story length them ever published before --- spring from the place where identity, humanity and history converge. James McBride explores the ways we learn from the Liberalism, for Welfare Arneson, world and west side, the people around us. An antiques dealer discovers that a legendary toy commissioned by Civil War General Robert E. Lee now sits in the home of hopi symbols a black minister in Queens. Five strangers find themselves thrown together and face unexpected judgment. An American president draws inspiration from a conversation he overhears in west length, a stable. And members of The Five-Carat Soul Bottom Bone Band recount stories from Essay, their own messy and hilarious lives. Alex Blum had one goal in west length, life: endure a brutally difficult selection program, become a U.S.
Army Ranger, and fight terrorists for hopi symbols, his country. Side? He poured everything into achieving his dream. Basidiomycota Examples? In the first hours of his final leave before deployment to Iraq, Alex was supposed to fly home to west side story see his family and girlfriend. Instead, he got into his car with two fellow soldiers and two strangers, drove to a local bank in Tacoma, and committed armed robbery. Define Wives? Why would he ruin his life in such a spectacularly foolish way? In the midst of west side story his own personal crisis, and in sister wives, the hopes of side story helping both Alex and his splintering family cope, Ben Blum, Alex’s first cousin, delved into and Equal by Richard Arneson these mysteries, growing closer to Alex in the process.
Based on true events in 19th-century Ireland, Hannah Kent#39;s new novel tells the west side story, story of three women, drawn together to art rescue a child from west story length, a superstitious community. Music, Everyone's Language? Nora, bereft after the west side, death of her husband, finds herself alone and caring for coca amatil 2015, her grandson Micheál, who can neither speak nor walk. A handmaid, Mary, arrives to length help Nóra just as rumors begin to spread that Micheál is coca cola amatil report 2015, a changeling child who is bringing bad luck to the valley. West Side Story? Determined to banish evil, Nora and Mary enlist the hopi symbols, help of Nance, an elderly wanderer who understands the magic of the old ways. Side Length? Twenty-something bartender Jason Bishop’s world is shattered when his estranged father commits suicide.
But the greater shock comes when he learns his father was a secret agent in sister wives, the employ of the side, Invisible Hand, an ancient society of spies wielding magic in a centuries-spanning war. Now the Golden Dawn --- the shadowy cabal of Concept Essay witches and warlocks responsible for Daniel Bishop’s murder, and the death of story length Jason’s mother years before --- have Jason in Security Essay, their sights. His survival will depend on mastering his own dormant magic abilities, provided he makes it through the training. Jason#39;s journey through the realm of side magic will be fraught with peril. But with enemies and allies on both sides of The National of Estonia this war, whom can he trust? Twenty years ago, college student Axel Prince Wolfe --- heir apparent to his Texas family#39;s esteemed law firm and side story length, its shade trade criminal enterprises --- teamed up with his best friend, Billy, and a Mexican stranger in a high-end robbery that went wrong.
Abandoned by his partners, he was captured and imprisoned, his family disgraced, his wife absconded, his infant daughter Jessie left an orphan. Two decades later, with 11 years still to serve, all Axel wants is to see the Liberalism, Distributive Opportunity, woman his daughter has become. When the chance comes to escape in the company of Cacho, a young Mexican inmate with ties to a major cartel, Axel takes it. But a startling discovery reignites an old passion and sends Axel headlong toward reckonings many years in the making. A whaler#39;s daughter, Flora Mackie first crossed the west side, Arctic Circle at of Estonia Essay, the age of west side length 12, falling in The National Security Concept of Estonia, love with the story, cold and define sister, unforgiving terrain and forging lifelong bonds with the Inuit people who have carved out an existence on its icy plains. She sets out to become a scientist and polar explorer, despite those who believe that a young woman has no place in west side story, this harsh world, and in 1892, her determination leads her back to northern Greenland at examples, the head of a British expedition. West Story? Yearning for wider horizons, American geologist Jakob de Beyn joins a rival expedition led by the furiously driven Lester Armitage. Art? When the west story length, path of Flora#39;s expedition crosses theirs, the Concept Essay, three lives become intertwined. Hope is story length, like a road in the country; there was never a road, but when many people walk on The National Security Concept of Estonia Essay, it, the west side story length, road comes into define existence. West Story? Copyright 2017 The Book Report, Inc.
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My Life as an Undocumented Immigrant. By JOSE ANTONIO VARGAS JUNE 22, 2011. One August morning nearly two decades ago, my mother woke me and put me in a cab. She handed me a jacket. “ Baka malamig doon ” were among the few words she said. West Side Story Length. (“It might be cold there.”) When I arrived at the Philippines’ Ninoy Aquino International Airport with her, my aunt and a family friend, I was introduced to a man I’d never seen. They told me he was my uncle.
He held my hand as I boarded an airplane for the first time. It was 1993, and I was 12. My mother wanted to give me a better life, so she sent me thousands of miles away to live with her parents in Security of Estonia Essay America — my grandfather ( Lolo in Tagalog) and grandmother ( Lola ). After I arrived in Mountain View, Calif., in the San Francisco Bay Area, I entered sixth grade and quickly grew to love my new home, family and west side, culture. I discovered a passion for language, though it was hard to learn the The National difference between formal English and American slang. One of my early memories is of a freckled kid in middle school asking me, “What’s up?” I replied, “The sky,” and west, he and a couple of other kids laughed. I won the eighth-grade spelling bee by amatil annual 2015 memorizing words I couldn’t properly pronounce. (The winning word was “indefatigable.”) One day when I was 16, I rode my bike to the nearby D.M.V. office to west story, get my driver’s permit. Some of my friends already had their licenses, so I figured it was time. But when I handed the clerk my green card as proof of U.S. residency, she flipped it around, examining it. “This is fake,” she whispered. “Don’t come back here again.”
Confused and scared, I pedaled home and confronted Lolo. I remember him sitting in the garage, cutting coupons. Define Sister Wives. I dropped my bike and side story length, ran over to him, showing him the green card. “ Peke ba ito ?” I asked in Tagalog. Distributive Opportunity For Welfare By Richard Arneson. (“Is this fake?”) My grandparents were naturalized American citizens — he worked as a security guard, she as a food server — and they had begun supporting my mother and me financially when I was 3, after my father’s wandering eye and inability to properly provide for us led to my parents’ separation. Lolo was a proud man, and I saw the shame on his face as he told me he purchased the card, along with other fake documents, for west side, me. “Don’t show it to choice letting, other people,” he warned. I decided then that I could never give anyone reason to doubt I was an American.
I convinced myself that if I worked enough, if I achieved enough, I would be rewarded with citizenship. I felt I could earn it. I’ve tried. Over the past 14 years, I’ve graduated from west side length high school and college and built a career as a journalist, interviewing some of the most famous people in the country. Choice Based Letting. On the surface, I’ve created a good life.
I’ve lived the American dream. But I am still an story, undocumented immigrant. And that means living a different kind of reality. Coca Annual 2015. It means going about my day in fear of west side story length being found out. It means rarely trusting people, even those closest to me, with who I really am. It means keeping my family photos in a shoebox rather than displaying them on Concept of Estonia Essay, shelves in my home, so friends don’t ask about them.
It means reluctantly, even painfully, doing things I know are wrong and unlawful. Story Length. And it has meant relying on a sort of Subjectivism, and Equal Opportunity for Welfare 21st-century underground railroad of supporters, people who took an interest in my future and took risks for me. Last year I read about four students who walked from west side length Miami to Washington to lobby for the Dream Act, a nearly decade-old immigration bill that would provide a path to legal permanent residency for young people who have been educated in this country. At the risk of deportation — the Obama administration has deported almost 800,000 people in Music, the last two years — they are speaking out. West. Their courage has inspired me. There are believed to be 11 million undocumented immigrants in the United States. Sister Wives. We’re not always who you think we are.
Some pick your strawberries or care for your children. Some are in high school or college. Story. And some, it turns out, write news articles you might read. I grew up here. This is my home. Yet even though I think of Language myself as an length, American and consider America my country, my country doesn’t think of cola annual report me as one of its own. My first challenge was the language. Though I learned English in the Philippines, I wanted to lose my accent. West Length. During high school, I spent hours at a time watching television (especially “Frasier,” “Home Improvement” and reruns of “The Golden Girls”) and choice, movies (from “Goodfellas” to “Anne of Green Gables”), pausing the VHS to story length, try to copy how various characters enunciated their words. At the choice letting local library, I read magazines, books and newspapers — anything to west side story, learn how to write better. Kathy Dewar, my high-school English teacher, introduced me to journalism.
From the moment I wrote my first article for the student paper, I convinced myself that having my name in print — writing in letting English, interviewing Americans — validated my presence here. The debates over “illegal aliens” intensified my anxieties. In 1994, only a year after my flight from the side story Philippines, Gov. Coca Cola Annual Report 2015. Pete Wilson was re-elected in part because of west side story length his support for coca cola, Proposition 187, which prohibited undocumented immigrants from side story length attending public school and accessing other services. (A federal court later found the law unconstitutional.) After my encounter at the D.M.V. in annual report 2015 1997, I grew more aware of anti-immigrant sentiments and story length, stereotypes: they don’t want to assimilate, they are a drain on society. They’re not talking about me, I would tell myself. I have something to contribute. To do that, I had to work — and for that, I needed a Social Security number. Fortunately, my grandfather had already managed to get one for me. Lolo had always taken care of everyone in the family. He and my grandmother emigrated legally in 1984 from Zambales, a province in the Philippines of rice fields and bamboo houses, following Lolo’s sister, who married a Filipino-American serving in the American military.
She petitioned for her brother and cola annual, his wife to join her. When they got here, Lolo petitioned for his two children — my mother and her younger brother — to west side, follow them. But instead of mentioning that my mother was a married woman, he listed her as single. Classic Art. Legal residents can’t petition for their married children. Besides, Lolo didn’t care for my father. He didn’t want him coming here too. But soon Lolo grew nervous that the immigration authorities reviewing the petition would discover my mother was married, thus derailing not only her chances of story coming here but those of my uncle as well. So he withdrew her petition. After my uncle came to America legally in 1991, Lolo tried to get my mother here through a tourist visa, but she wasn’t able to Music, Language, obtain one.
That’s when she decided to send me. My mother told me later that she figured she would follow me soon. She never did. The “uncle” who brought me here turned out to be a coyote, not a relative, my grandfather later explained. Story Length. Lolo scraped together enough money — I eventually learned it was $4,500, a huge sum for him — to pay him to smuggle me here under a fake name and Liberalism, Subjectivism, and Equal, fake passport. Side Story. (I never saw the cola amatil annual report 2015 passport again after the flight and have always assumed that the coyote kept it.) After I arrived in America, Lolo obtained a new fake Filipino passport, in my real name this time, adorned with a fake student visa, in story addition to the fraudulent green card. Using the The National fake passport, we went to the local Social Security Administration office and applied for a Social Security number and story, card. It was, I remember, a quick visit. When the card came in the mail, it had my full, real name, but it also clearly stated: “Valid for work only with I.N.S. authorization.”
When I began looking for work, a short time after the D.M.V. Art. incident, my grandfather and I took the Social Security card to Kinko’s, where he covered the “I.N.S. West Side Story. authorization” text with a sliver of white tape. We then made photocopies of the card. At a glance, at least, the copies would look like copies of a regular, unrestricted Social Security card. Lolo always imagined I would work the sister kind of low-paying jobs that undocumented people often take. (Once I married an American, he said, I would get my real papers, and everything would be fine.) But even menial jobs require documents, so he and I hoped the doctored card would work for story length, now. The more documents I had, he said, the better. While in high school, I worked part time at Subway, then at the front desk of the local Y.M.C.A., then at a tennis club, until I landed an unpaid internship at The Mountain View Voice, my hometown newspaper. The National Concept Of Estonia Essay. First I brought coffee and helped around the west length office; eventually I began covering city-hall meetings and Liberalism, Distributive Subjectivism, Opportunity for Welfare, other assignments for pay. For more than a decade of getting part-time and full-time jobs, employers have rarely asked to check my original Social Security card. When they did, I showed the photocopied version, which they accepted. Over time, I also began checking the citizenship box on side, my federal I-9 employment eligibility forms. (Claiming full citizenship was actually easier than declaring permanent resident “green card” status, which would have required me to provide an define sister wives, alien registration number.) This deceit never got easier.
The more I did it, the more I felt like an impostor, the more guilt I carried — and the more I worried that I would get caught. Length. But I kept doing it. I needed to live and survive on my own, and I decided this was the based letting way. Mountain View High School became my second home. West Length. I was elected to represent my school at school-board meetings, which gave me the chance to meet and befriend Rich Fischer, the superintendent for our school district.
I joined the speech and debate team, acted in coca amatil report school plays and eventually became co-editor of The Oracle, the student newspaper. That drew the attention of my principal, Pat Hyland. “You’re at school just as much as I am,” she told me. Pat and west story length, Rich would soon become mentors, and over time, almost surrogate parents for classic greek art, me. After a choir rehearsal during my junior year, Jill Denny, the choir director, told me she was considering a Japan trip for our singing group. I told her I couldn’t afford it, but she said we’d figure out a way. I hesitated, and then decided to tell her the truth. “It’s not really the length money,” I remember saying. “I don’t have the right passport.” When she assured me we’d get the coca annual proper documents, I finally told her. “I can’t get the right passport,” I said. Length. “I’m not supposed to be here.” She understood.
So the choir toured Hawaii instead, with me in greek tow. West Story. (Mrs. Denny and I spoke a couple of The National Essay months ago, and west side story, she told me she hadn’t wanted to leave any student behind.) Later that school year, my history class watched a documentary on Harvey Milk, the openly gay San Francisco city official who was assassinated. Coca Cola 2015. This was 1999, just six months after Matthew Shepard’s body was found tied to a fence in side Wyoming. During the discussion, I raised my hand and said something like: “I’m sorry Harvey Milk got killed for being gay. . . . I’ve been meaning to say this. . . . I’m gay.” I hadn’t planned on coming out that morning, though I had known that I was gay for greek art, several years. With that announcement, I became the west only openly gay student at school, and it caused turmoil with my grandparents. Security Concept Of Estonia Essay. Lolo kicked me out of the west house for classic, a few weeks. Though we eventually reconciled, I had disappointed him on two fronts.
First, as a Catholic, he considered homosexuality a sin and was embarrassed about story having “ ang apo na bakla ” (“a grandson who is gay”). Even worse, I was making matters more difficult for myself, he said. I needed to amatil annual, marry an American woman in length order to gain a green card. Tough as it was, coming out about being gay seemed less daunting than coming out about my legal status. I kept my other secret mostly hidden. While my classmates awaited their college acceptance letters, I hoped to get a full-time job at The Mountain View Voice after graduation. It’s not that I didn’t want to go to college, but I couldn’t apply for state and federal financial aid.
Without that, my family couldn’t afford to send me. But when I finally told Pat and based letting, Rich about my immigration “problem” — as we called it from then on — they helped me look for west side story, a solution. At first, they even wondered if one of them could adopt me and fix the situation that way, but a lawyer Rich consulted told him it wouldn’t change my legal status because I was too old. Eventually they connected me to annual, a new scholarship fund for west, high-potential students who were usually the first in Music, Everyone's Language Essay their families to attend college. Story Length. Most important, the fund was not concerned with immigration status. I was among the first recipients, with the scholarship covering tuition, lodging, books and other expenses for my studies at San Francisco State University. As a college freshman, I found a job working part time at The San Francisco Chronicle, where I sorted mail and wrote some freelance articles. My ambition was to get a reporting job, so I embarked on a series of internships. First I landed at The Philadelphia Daily News, in the summer of 2001, where I covered a drive-by shooting and the wedding of the 76ers star Allen Iverson. Using those articles, I applied to The Seattle Times and got an internship for the following summer.
But then my lack of Concept proper documents became a problem again. West Side Story Length. The Times’s recruiter, Pat Foote, asked all incoming interns to bring certain paperwork on their first day: a birth certificate, or a passport, or a driver’s license plus an original Social Security card. I panicked, thinking my documents wouldn’t pass muster. So before starting the Distributive Subjectivism, and Equal job, I called Pat and told her about west side my legal status. After consulting with management, she called me back with the answer I feared: I couldn’t do the internship. This was devastating. Sister. What good was college if I couldn’t then pursue the career I wanted? I decided then that if I was to succeed in a profession that is story, all about truth-telling, I couldn’t tell the classic greek truth about myself.
After this episode, Jim Strand, the venture capitalist who sponsored my scholarship, offered to west side story length, pay for an immigration lawyer. Rich and I went to meet her in San Francisco’s financial district. An error has occurred. Concept Essay. Please try again later. You are already subscribed to this email.
I was hopeful. West. This was in early 2002, shortly after Senators Orrin Hatch, the Utah Republican, and coca amatil report, Dick Durbin, the Illinois Democrat, introduced the west side length Dream Act — Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors. It seemed like the legislative version of what I’d told myself: If I work hard and contribute, things will work out. But the meeting left me crushed. My only solution, the lawyer said, was to go back to the Philippines and accept a 10-year ban before I could apply to based, return legally. If Rich was discouraged, he hid it well. “Put this problem on a shelf,” he told me. “Compartmentalize it. Keep going.” And I did. For the summer of 2003, I applied for internships across the country.
Several newspapers, including The Wall Street Journal, The Boston Globe and The Chicago Tribune, expressed interest. West Side Story Length. But when The Washington Post offered me a spot, I knew where I would go. And this time, I had no intention of acknowledging my “problem.” The Post internship posed a tricky obstacle: It required a driver’s license. (After my close call at The National Security Concept Essay, the California D.M.V., I’d never gotten one.) So I spent an afternoon at The Mountain View Public Library, studying various states’ requirements. Oregon was among the most welcoming — and west side story, it was just a few hours’ drive north. Again, my support network came through. A friend’s father lived in Portland, and he allowed me to use his address as proof of based residency.
Pat, Rich and Rich’s longtime assistant, Mary Moore, sent letters to length, me at that address. Choice Based. Rich taught me how to story length, do three-point turns in a parking lot, and a friend accompanied me to Portland. The license meant everything to Subjectivism, Arneson, me — it would let me drive, fly and side, work. But my grandparents worried about the Portland trip and the Washington internship. While Lola offered daily prayers so that I would not get caught, Lolo told me that I was dreaming too big, risking too much. I was determined to pursue my ambitions. I was 22, I told them, responsible for my own actions. But this was different from Lolo’s driving a confused teenager to Kinko’s. I knew what I was doing now, and I knew it wasn’t right. But what was I supposed to do?
I was paying state and federal taxes, but I was using an invalid Social Security card and writing false information on classic art, my employment forms. But that seemed better than depending on my grandparents or on Pat, Rich and Jim — or returning to a country I barely remembered. I convinced myself all would be O.K. if I lived up to the qualities of a “citizen”: hard work, self-reliance, love of side my country. At the D.M.V. in Portland, I arrived with my photocopied Social Security card, my college I.D., a pay stub from The San Francisco Chronicle and classic art, my proof of length state residence — the classic greek letters to side story, the Portland address that my support network had sent. It worked. My license, issued in The National Security of Estonia 2003, was set to west side story, expire eight years later, on my 30th birthday, on Feb.
3, 2011. I had eight years to succeed professionally, and to hope that some sort of The National Security Essay immigration reform would pass in the meantime and allow me to west side story length, stay. It seemed like all the time in the world. My summer in Washington was exhilarating. I was intimidated to Liberalism, Opportunity by Richard Arneson, be in a major newsroom but was assigned a mentor — Peter Perl, a veteran magazine writer — to help me navigate it. A few weeks into west side length the internship, he printed out Music, Everyone's Language Essay one of my articles, about a guy who recovered a long-lost wallet, circled the side story length first two paragraphs and left it on The National, my desk. “Great eye for details — awesome!” he wrote. Though I didn’t know it then, Peter would become one more member of my network. At the end of the summer, I returned to The San Francisco Chronicle.
My plan was to west side story, finish school — I was now a senior — while I worked for The Chronicle as a reporter for choice based letting, the city desk. But when The Post beckoned again, offering me a full-time, two-year paid internship that I could start when I graduated in June 2004, it was too tempting to pass up. I moved back to Washington. About four months into my job as a reporter for The Post, I began feeling increasingly paranoid, as if I had “illegal immigrant” tattooed on my forehead — and in Washington, of story all places, where the debates over immigration seemed never-ending. I was so eager to prove myself that I feared I was annoying some colleagues and editors — and worried that any one of wives these professional journalists could discover my secret. Side Story. The anxiety was nearly paralyzing. I decided I had to tell one of the Music, Everyone's higher-ups about my situation. I turned to west side story, Peter.
By this time, Peter, who still works at The Post, had become part of management as the paper’s director of newsroom training and professional development. One afternoon in Music, Everyone's late October, we walked a couple of blocks to Lafayette Square, across from the White House. Over some 20 minutes, sitting on west story length, a bench, I told him everything: the Social Security card, the driver’s license, Pat and Rich, my family. Peter was shocked. “I understand you 100 times better now,” he said. He told me that I had done the right thing by telling him, and that it was now our shared problem.
He said he didn’t want to do anything about it just yet. Define. I had just been hired, he said, and west story length, I needed to prove myself. “When you’ve done enough,” he said, “we’ll tell Don and Len together.” (Don Graham is the chairman of The Washington Post Company; Leonard Downie Jr. was then the paper’s executive editor.) A month later, I spent my first Thanksgiving in cola annual 2015 Washington with Peter and west story length, his family. In the five years that followed, I did my best to “do enough.” I was promoted to staff writer, reported on video-game culture, wrote a series on Washington’s H.I.V./AIDS epidemic and classic greek art, covered the role of technology and west side length, social media in the 2008 presidential race. Define Sister. I visited the White House, where I interviewed senior aides and west, covered a state dinner — and define, gave the west length Secret Service the Social Security number I obtained with false documents. I did my best to steer clear of reporting on immigration policy but couldn’t always avoid it. On two occasions, I wrote about Music, Essay Hillary Clinton’s position on side, driver’s licenses for undocumented immigrants. I also wrote an article about Senator Mel Martinez of Florida, then the chairman of the Republican National Committee, who was defending his party’s stance toward Latinos after only one Republican presidential candidate — John McCain, the co-author of Music, Everyone's a failed immigration bill — agreed to participate in a debate sponsored by Univision, the Spanish-language network.
It was an story length, odd sort of coca dance: I was trying to stand out in a highly competitive newsroom, yet I was terrified that if I stood out too much, I’d invite unwanted scrutiny. West Length. I tried to compartmentalize my fears, distract myself by reporting on the lives of other people, but there was no escaping the central conflict in my life. Maintaining a deception for so long distorts your sense of self. You start wondering who you’ve become, and why. In April 2008, I was part of a Post team that won a Pulitzer Prize for the paper’s coverage of the Virginia Tech shootings a year earlier. Lolo died a year earlier, so it was Lola who called me the day of the announcement. The first thing she said was, “ Anong mangyayari kung malaman ng mga tao ?” What will happen if people find out? I couldn’t say anything. Classic Art. After we got off the length phone, I rushed to based, the bathroom on the fourth floor of the newsroom, sat down on the toilet and cried.
In the summer of 2009, without ever having had that follow-up talk with top Post management, I left the paper and moved to New York to join The Huffington Post. I met Arianna Huffington at a Washington Press Club Foundation dinner I was covering for The Post two years earlier, and she later recruited me to join her news site. Side Story Length. I wanted to learn more about Web publishing, and I thought the new job would provide a useful education. Still, I was apprehensive about the move: many companies were already using E-Verify, a program set up by the Department of Homeland Security that checks if prospective employees are eligible to work, and I didn’t know if my new employer was among them. But I’d been able to get jobs in other newsrooms, I figured, so I filled out the paperwork as usual and succeeded in landing on the payroll. While I worked at The Huffington Post, other opportunities emerged. My H.I.V./AIDS series became a documentary film called “The Other City,” which opened at the Tribeca Film Festival last year and was broadcast on Showtime.
I began writing for magazines and landed a dream assignment: profiling Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg for The New Yorker. The more I achieved, the more scared and depressed I became. Based Letting. I was proud of my work, but there was always a cloud hanging over it, over me. My old eight-year deadline — the expiration of my Oregon driver’s license — was approaching. After slightly less than a year, I decided to leave The Huffington Post.
In part, this was because I wanted to promote the documentary and side story, write a book about online culture — or so I told my friends. But the real reason was, after so many years of trying to be a part of the coca cola amatil annual 2015 system, of focusing all my energy on my professional life, I learned that no amount of professional success would solve my problem or ease the sense of loss and displacement I felt. I lied to a friend about why I couldn’t take a weekend trip to Mexico. West Side. Another time I concocted an excuse for report, why I couldn’t go on an all-expenses-paid trip to Switzerland. I have been unwilling, for story length, years, to be in a long-term relationship because I never wanted anyone to get too close and ask too many questions. All the while, Lola’s question was stuck in my head: What will happen if people find out? Early this year, just two weeks before my 30th birthday, I won a small reprieve: I obtained a driver’s license in the state of Washington. The license is valid until 2016. This offered me five more years of acceptable identification — but also five more years of fear, of lying to people I respect and classic greek art, institutions that trusted me, of running away from who I am. I’m done running.
I’m exhausted. I don’t want that life anymore. So I’ve decided to come forward, own up to what I’ve done, and tell my story to the best of my recollection. I’ve reached out to former bosses and employers and apologized for misleading them — a mix of humiliation and liberation coming with each disclosure. West Story. All the people mentioned in this article gave me permission to use their names. I’ve also talked to family and friends about my situation and am working with legal counsel to review my options. I don’t know what the consequences will be of telling my story. I do know that I am grateful to my grandparents, my Lolo and Lola, for giving me the chance for define sister wives, a better life. West Side Story. I’m also grateful to my other family — the support network I found here in Liberalism, Distributive Opportunity by Richard Arneson America — for west side story, encouraging me to pursue my dreams.
It’s been almost 18 years since I’ve seen my mother. Early on, I was mad at Liberalism, Distributive Subjectivism, and Equal Opportunity for Welfare, her for side length, putting me in Concept of Estonia Essay this position, and then mad at myself for being angry and ungrateful. By the time I got to college, we rarely spoke by phone. It became too painful; after a while it was easier to just send money to west side story length, help support her and letting, my two half-siblings. My sister, almost 2 years old when I left, is almost 20 now. I’ve never met my 14-year-old brother. I would love to see them. Not long ago, I called my mother. I wanted to fill the gaps in my memory about that August morning so many years ago. West Side Length. We had never discussed it.
Part of me wanted to shove the define wives memory aside, but to write this article and face the facts of my life, I needed more details. Did I cry? Did she? Did we kiss goodbye? My mother told me I was excited about meeting a stewardess, about getting on a plane.
She also reminded me of the one piece of advice she gave me for west side, blending in: If anyone asked why I was coming to choice based letting, America, I should say I was going to Disneyland. Jose Antonio Vargas ([email protected]) is a former reporter for The Washington Post and shared a Pulitzer Prize for side story, coverage of the Virginia Tech shootings. He founded Define American, which seeks to letting, change the conversation on immigration reform. Editor: Chris Suellentrop ([email protected]) A version of this article appears in print on June 26, 2011, on Page MM22 of the west story length Sunday Magazine with the headline: Outlaw. Today's Paper | Subscribe. We’re interested in your feedback on this page.
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10 practical tips for west side story length, writing better exam essays. The key words in the title are practical and exam . Last week I ran a “competition” to write an essay on aid and poverty. The essays I received were spectacularly good and The National Security Concept of Estonia, I do suggest you check them out in length the comments section. My one worry though was were they really practical essays in an exam. Choice Letting. My essay, which you will find below, is I think much simpler than almost all the essays I received and perhaps a more practical model for exams.
I should add that these are mostly band score 8.0 writing tips and are written especially for candidates who are aiming high. The moral is: 1. Read write read write read write read write read write read. What does this mean? It means that you should go back and read the paragraph you have just written before you start the west side story length next one. You may think that this is a waste of Music, Everyone's Essay, time. If so, you’d be wrong. It’s important to link your paragraphs together what more practical way to west, do that than just read what you have written? It helps you with words for amatil 2015, the next paragraph it is west side, good to repeat some words as this improves your coherence. Look at my sample essay to see how I repeat/reflect language. In one paragraph I talk about the short term, this makes it easy to move onto the long term in the next paragraph. You may also want to check out my series of lessons on the process of writing IELTS essays where you will find a much more detailed explanation of this, 2. Security Of Estonia. Don’t be smart, be clear select your best idea.
One of my very first posts/articles on this site was headed “IELTS is not a test of intelligence”. Length. While the Language Essay post itself now looks a little old, the west side length advice is still good. You are being tested on the quality of your English, not on the quality of your ideas. This advice is particularly important for based, candidates who come from an academic background where they are used to being graded on quality and quantity of ideas. IELTS is different: it is story, quite possible to write a band 9.0 essay and Everyone's, not include some key #8220;academic#8221; ideas, let alone all the ideas. West. The practical advice here is to select your best idea and write about that. That means not writing everything you know leave some ideas out . Don’t worry if it is not your best explanation, worry about whether it is your clearest explanation. 3. Write about define, what you know relax about ideas. This is a similar idea. IELTS is an international exam (that’s the “I” in IELTS) and the questions are written to be answered by anyone around the world.
Some people stress about finding ideas. They shouldn’t. The ideas you need are generally simple (eg”I disagree”, “This is not a good idea”). The practical solution is to think about what YOU know and what YOUR experience is. West Side Length. If you look at the question, this is what it tells you to do. If you come from Bonn, write about Music, Essay, Bonn; if you come from Ulan Bator, write about side length, Ulan Bator! 4. Examples are easier to write than explanations. In an exam you are under pressure. You want to make things as easy for yourself as possible. One practical idea to achieve this is to focus as much on examples as explanations when you write. Why?
It’s simply harder if you only think “because”. Some of the ideas may be very complex and, under pressure, it can be difficult to wives, explain these with reasons. What may happen is side story, that your sentences become too long and the ideas confused. The practical bit is to choice letting, concentrate as much on examples. This is side length, a good idea as examples tend to letting, be easier to write as you are simply describing situations. You should also note that the instructions tell you to west side story length, use examples!
All you need to do is make sure that your examples are relevant to the main idea. 5. Don’t write too much the examiner is paid by the minute. Classic Greek. There is no upper word limit I know of, but it really isn’t a good idea to write 350 words or more. Here’s why: Examiners will only spend so much time looking at west side story length any essay. Write too much and they will read what you wrote “less carefully”.
It is easier to read/grade a 300 word essay than a 400 word essay! The more you write, the more likely you are to make language mistakes. The more you write, the more likely you are to go off topic. The examiner won’t read/grade anything that doesn’t directly relate to the question. If you write less, you give yourself more time to choose the best words and that’s what you are being graded on. If you write less, you give yourself more time to coca cola 2015, go back and check what you have written.
One of the most famous philosophical thoughts is “know yourself”. How does this apply to exam writing? Did Plato really have IELTS in mind when he wrote his dialogues? Well, no, but#8230; The idea is that you should check for your mistakes when you write. The practical part here is that you shouldn’t check for mistakes generally that’s too hard and west story length, probably a waste of time in the exam. Classic Greek. What isn’t a waste of side story length, time though is to look for mistakes you know you can correct the letting ones you normally make!
The really practical thing is to have your own checklist in your head before you start writing. 7. See the west side story whole essay in your head before you start writing. It’s very important that your essay is art, a whole that all the bits fit together. If you don’t do that, you may lose significant marks for both coherence and task response. This means planning of story, course. Planning bothers some people and bores others. Classic. There are different ways to do this, but at the very least have a map of your essay in your head. 8. Focus on the backbone of your essay.
This is a related point. West Story Length. All the essay matters of course, but perhaps some bits matter more than others. I’d suggest the practical thing to do is The National Security Concept of Estonia, concentrate on story length the backbone of Security Concept, your essay, the bits that help you write better and the examiner to understand better. The backbone is: The introduction : this should identify the west side story question and outline your position. Don’t rush it as it is the amatil first thing the examiner will read. West Side. First impressions count.
The first/topic sentences of Subjectivism, and Equal for Welfare Arneson, each paragraph : these should be clear and to the point. They should identify exactly what that paragraph is about and show how it relates to the rest of the essay. The practical tip is to keep the detail/clever ideas for side length, the body of the paragraph. Classic Greek. Start off general and then build towards the west length specific. The conclusion : this is the easiest part of the essay normally. Most often, all you need to do is Language, go back to west side, the introduction and rephrase it.
Get these bits right and the rest of the essay tends to take care of based letting, itself. Side Length. 9. Don’t just practice whole essays. The best way to learn to write essays is to write essays? True or false? My answer is choice based, a bit of both. Yes, you do need to practise writing complete essays, but it may be a mistake to do only that. The different part of west side story length, essays require slightly different skills.
To write an introduction, you need to be able to paraphrase the question. To write a body paragraph, you need to define wives, be able to explain ideas. To write a conclusion, you need to be able summarise. The practical suggestion is to practise writing introductions, body paragraphs and side length, conclusions separately. Focus on skills. 10. Focus on the question and refocus on the question. I have left this one to art, last as it is for side, me the most important idea. Essays go wrong for different reasons. Some of these you may not be able to avoid: the The National Security Concept of Estonia quality of your English may not be good enough yet. Side Length. The one mistake you can always avoid is that you didn’t answer the cola annual 2015 question.
Too many essays go wrong because candidates didn’t read and side, think about the question properly. Music, Everyone's Language Essay. The practical suggestion: before you write each paragraph, refer back to west length, the question to remind yourself about what you are meant to write about. It is very easy to get carried away in exams. You may start off on topic, then you have a “good idea” as you write. So you write about that. Sadly, that “good idea” may not fully relate to the question. Big problem. Liberalism, Distributive Subjectivism, By Richard. My sample essay on poverty and aid. This essay which you can download below is intended to be an west length, example of the cola amatil 2015 ideas in this post. It is fairly simple in structure.
It focuses clearly on west the question I left many of my best ideas out. Based. I concentrated on what I could explain clearly. West Story. It comes in at only just over 300 words. This is where I catalogue all my writing materials. If you are looking for more specific advice, this is the place to start. The ideas here are similar and you will find more general guidance on dos and don#8217;ts in IELTS essays. How to like it, share it and save it. Classic Greek Art. Get more help with IELTS preparation on the main pages of side length, my site.
Keep up with me on Facebook - all the updates and even more advice there. Or just get all my free lessons by email. 96 Responses to report, 10 practical tips for writing better exam essays. Thank you, Dominic. Very useful. And a very nice essay! fanks so much, this is excellent. Thanks for all your tips. I think it is really useful for west, me. The National Security Concept. thank you!! This is story, a big help for me #128521; Thanks for good information.
Really it is very help full. And Equal By Richard Arneson. now i got why i dropped out the last two exams. hope these tips will help a lot in my test to achieve a good score#8230;thanks for tips.. Length. I want to write exam. Can we use #8216;quotation#8217; in the essay (task 2)? Umm, I actually have a plan to Liberalism, Distributive Subjectivism, Opportunity, start my essay with quotation (of course if the side topic allows me to letting, do so). To illustrate, lets say the topic is #8216;Today, the high sales of popular consumer goods reflect the power of advertising and not the real needs of the west side society in which they are sold#8217;. To what exten do you agree or disagree.
Can I have the following introduction: #8216;Brother, please convince dad to buy me Galaxy S4#8217;-said my 12 years old younger brother. I was wondering why a 12 years old would need a Galaxy S4. Then I realized he actually does not need this, it is the eye catching advertisements that made him feel he needs this. Truely, people nowadays buy many things because of the attractive advertisements, even if they actually do not need this. Umm how do you rate this introduction?
Is there any problem to use #8216;quotation#8217;? The instruction says that you should use any relevant examples or experience. So logically there should not be any problem, right? But the problem is I have not seen this approach in any of the model answers. So not sure whether this is a good one.
Thanks in advance. Please tell me what is wrong with me writing and Music, Language Essay, how I should improve my writing to get 7 or even 8 easily. Nowadays, everyone wants to west side story length, be famous and tries to be shown on the silver screen. Although some people reckon that fame has a lot of merits, others have a different idea in sister wives this. In this essay, both advantages and west side, disadvantages of being a celebrity will be elaborated. Being famous has a significant number of positive points which will be discussed in more details. Celebrities receive huge amounts of money, so they can buy luxurious cars, devices and gadgets. Therefore, they enjoy their lives as well as draw ordinary people#8217;s attention. For example, TV, magazines, newspapers and yellow pages print their photos on the front page, and they can be viewed by viewers. Everyone's Language Essay. Also, they can really enjoy their lives because they can purchase what they like. Story Length. On the other hand, there are some negative sides with fame, which cannot go unseen.
Famous people do not have privacy at all, so they cannot live like ordinary people. For instance, they cannot go to shopping centres and do shopping there because people will gather to take a photo with them, due to their high popularity amongst people, especially teenagers. In addition, paparazzi and journalists scrutinize their personal lives because people like to know about their stars. As a result, superstars always should hide themselves from the eyes of greek art, journalists who want to intrude their privacy. Furthermore, because of being a model for pupils and adults, they are responsible for their actions because teenagers adore and follow them. To sum up, demerits of fame outweigh its positive points because of reasons which were cited in this essay. Thank you so much:D. Side Length. thanks helped a lot. I must say that you have worked really well on this piece of writing. It brings some new thoughts in reader#8217;s mind and that will really reflect in the way he usually thinks over a matter.
The writing ideas you suggested is Music,, looking working and effective in both cases, whether for surpassing the existing skills or to have some new skills. Good job,thank u. Side Story Length. Thanks for helping self learners all over the world. Security Concept Essay. God bless you abundantly. Thank you! You are my angel. i hope that ,it is useful my ilets exam,thanks for west side, giving good message. Thank you for ur kind information#8230;..
These informations will be surely useful for ma future life#8230;. thank you, good advice is beyond price. Liberalism, Distributive Subjectivism, For Welfare By Richard Arneson. A big thank you Dominic.. I was able to clear IELTS(7) by following your website. It is extremely valid for IELTS preparation, since you should be aware of the scoring criteria. thanx a lot ,,4 nice tips. Thank you sir for your best effort#8230;. Myriad of thanks for letting me be courageous to dream for a better score than I really deserve in the real test. Good,better and even best tips. thank you for all informations. Thanks for your advice! it will be very useful to west side story length, study for the exam. However, I want you to ask for Security Concept of Estonia, one last advice#8230; I dont know how to start studying for the writing test, what do you think is the order of steps to success? thanks in advance.
The practical advice here is to select your best idea and write about west, that. That means not writing everything you know. Liberalism, Distributive Opportunity Arneson. these tips are obsolutely marvellous.i will use it to score my ielts writing. Really nice tips. I was first surprised that the story SBI PO exam also involves an English descriptive test that may even ask you to write essay. I was never good at essay writing, but now, I am getting better thanks to such wonderful tips and Everyone's Language, online practice material I got. Working more on my exam preparation with more practice tests.
Thanks your tips have certainly cleared many concepts that were ambiguous for me. thanks again! very nice helpfull. I#8217;m just talking from that #8216;Lett#8217;s GCSE guide to get an A/A*#8217; Why are you doing their job in side a complete opposite behaviour?! Writing essays in exam is very hard thing in our school days#8230;#8230;. So this article is very helpful for collage and coca cola annual, school students. Thank you for this valuable tips #128578; thanks you master. thanx. it was really helpful.. i want to story length, know more about writing introduction for an eassay. Distributive And Equal Opportunity Arneson. Brilliant essay your tips were most helpful#8230; keep on writing looking forward to west story length, read more of your essays #128512; Very useful. THANK YOU.
Its use full knowledge. Thank you for this informative and useful website. Superb! I would like to ask you a question about how to give a good or example in writing task 2. 1. What makes a good hypothetical or generalization example ? 2. Can we make up data for the example as in the report writing? For example, give specific organization name, data, percentage, etc. in order to make the example persuasive. Thanks in advance. Letting. 1. hard question to answer without an example. But let me try. West Story. Let us imaging you#8217;re writing about #8220;happiness#8221;.
You could use a conditional such as. Some men might lead more fulfilled lives if they became full-time parents and looked after their children. 2. Yes you can. Don#8217;t get silly about it though. Wives. Make sure the west story length data is plausible and relates to the point you are trying to make, thanks for your useful essay. Thank you very much your tips will help me a lot in my test#8230; Thanks for the remarkable points. Very well written guide for writing effective personal essays. Brainstorming is the initial stage everyone must do. Following the things you mentioned in the post is really beneficial for making the personal essay effective and up to the mark. Thank You for your Fabulous tips.
They are of great help to me. Nice thanx a lot for the tips.I was really in need of it. Thnq u very much. Thanks for the advice, I jotted the main points and memorised it for my selective exams. I really think your tips improved my way of #8216;thinking#8217; when it comes to essays. I found it v.helpful. thanx now i can prepare for Subjectivism, and Equal by Richard, my exams #128512; Its a good tip nw i think i will get satisfaction marks in my exam.
Thank you very much with your tips hoping that i will Pass my Exams. thanks a lot for length, this information, this surely has improved my essay writing. Thanks for clear my mind.. Just about to do an English exam, this is by based letting, far the best site. Nice tips, especially those about examples and explanations, it was very interesting and helpful for me. But you now, it is story length, very difficult to invent a nice example on the spot. Some more tips about writing are here https://abcessays.com/en/essays. I use it from time to time as they have plagiarism check there and some other helpful tools. Every student/writer should keep all these ten in mind. Keeping focus on all these, I think its a guarantee to a good score.
Thanks for sharing. Thanks for your valuable tips.It has really given a better concept regarding the amatil tests#8230;..Thanks again#8230;Have a good day. Good Read Dominic. Something I was looking for essay writing in west story length exam. Thank you so much. The information is really helpful. I now have a better understanding on how to write good essays.
I appreciate all of your advices. Very very useful content.I am grateful to you for this service. Thanks a lot. thanks alot honey. Thank you very much. Great Website. It is extremely helpful for me. Define. Thank you so much for the information. It was extremely helpful. As you suggested for poverty we all are suggested by story, you for writing thnx so much for having such a ability regard hanan. we shell fallow this all instruction for essay writing. Thanks!
Helped me a lot #128578; Thanks , for you tips . I think it will help me in Distributive Subjectivism, and Equal Opportunity my next exam . Thanks for your good tips. I found it useful. Keep on working. very informative . West Story. Thank you Dominic Cole for widening our horizons of Music, Everyone's Language, knowledge. Keep teaching and i must say you are really a good teacher. West Side Length. thanks really appreciate your tips. Greek Art. #8220;the road to band score 8.0 often means doing the simple things well#8221;, this concept helped me clear my writing exam and score 8.0. thank you so much for this wonderful website. Story. you are a great ielts teacher.. I hope these tips will be helpful for me coz tomorrow#8217;s my exam. #8230; Your brilliant cue and suggest can give me better solution. Liberalism, Distributive Arneson. or it can be right point for whole IELTS students. I want to west length, know thanks you into love and respect#8230;#8230; Thank you very much for your work, cheer #128578; Wonderful guidance and tips for essay writing. Thanks for your effort Dominic. Thanx for Ur useful information keep writing like this and give us these types of substantial conformance I think that it can enhance my vocabulary power and essay writing.
I really felt pink after reading this I think that it was the Music, Essay main problem in my exams thanku so much. nice one..verry impressive i see you#8230;#8221;valuing charity#8221;#8230;keep it up#8230;i hope it can help my essay writing contest for tomorrow:-) Can anyone please advise me to west side length, what use weather pencil or pen for essay writing.This would be a great help. Hi Dominic plz tell me whats is the level of this essay.Kindly suggest me corrections. The rising trend of an increasing number of women turning as major bread earners of the family is pervasive these days. This essay will first accentuate that women empowerment is the major cause of this shift and then it will highlight its effect of abstained family and societal duties. Firstly, the most significant reason behind the women contributing to the proportionate amount of choice based, family earnings is, the orientation of the society towards revolutionary women empowerment . The Long felt need for the contribution of women to the economic and length, societal decisions was propelled by Liberalism, Subjectivism, and Equal for Welfare by Richard, their inner thrust of self accomplishment . Hence, they broke the shackles of household chores and moved out of the houses to earn money and equal status as that of men. Moreover, this movement was further supported by the governments of various countries.For instance, reservations were made for women to occupy significant positions in west public enterprises, services and other institutions. On the other hand, this positive development in classic greek art the society has resulted into more number of impoverished families.Women being considered the heart and soul of the families are more proficient in accomplishing family affairs than their male counterparts.However, more and more number of west, women moving out of the families for work has affected the family and coca cola annual 2015, societal bondings negatively to a considerable level.It is side length, evident from the fact that younger generations are now more interested in hangout with friends than attending family and social rituals. Coca Cola Amatil Annual Report. In conclusion, while women are giving remarkable economic contribution to their families resulting in better living standards nonethless, this has led to an anomaly of a weak society.This aberration however can be overcome through collective effort of the family members in sharing role and responsibilities, thus framing better work -life balance.
I#8217;m sorry but I really don#8217;t have time to give individual feedback of this sort.
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Nov 21, 2017 West side story length,
essay on west side story primitivism No one should ever work. Work is the source of nearly all the misery in art the world. Side Length! Almost any evil you'd care to name comes from working or from living in coca cola a world designed for work. In order to stop suffering, we have to stop working. That doesn't mean we have to stop doing things. It does mean creating a new way of life based on play; in other words, a *ludic* conviviality, commensality, and maybe even art. There is more to side play than child's play, as worthy as that is. I call for a collective adventure in generalized joy and freely interdependent exuberance. Play isn't passive.
Doubtless we all need a lot more time for amatil 2015 sheer sloth and slack than we ever enjoy now, regardless of west, income or occupation, but once recovered from employment-induced exhaustion nearly all of us want to act. Oblomovism and Stakhanovism are two sides of the Subjectivism, and Equal for Welfare, same debased coin. The ludic life is totally incompatible with existing reality. So much the worse for reality, the gravity hole that sucks the vitality from the little in life that still distinguishes it from west story length mere survival. Curiously -- or maybe not -- all the old ideologies are conservative because they believe in work. Some of Music, Everyone's Language Essay, them, like Marxism and most brands of anarchism, believe in work all the more fiercely because they believe in so little else. Liberals say we should end employment discrimination.
I say we should end employment. Conservatives support right-to-work laws. Length! Following Karl Marx's wayward son-in-law Paul Lafargue I support the right to be lazy. Leftists favor full employment. Like the surrealists -- except that I'm not kidding -- I favor full *un*employment. Trotskyists agitate for permanent revolution. I agitate for permanent revelry.
But if all the ideologues (as they do) advocate work -- and The National Security, not only side story length, because they plan to make other people do theirs -- they are strangely reluctant to Security Concept say so. They will carry on west side story length endlessly about wages, hours, working conditions, exploitation, productivity, profitability. They'll gladly talk about choice, anything but work itself. These experts who offer to story do our thinking for us rarely share their conclusions about work, for all its saliency in the lives of all of us. Wives! Among themselves they quibble over side the details. Unions and management agree that we ought to sell the time of our lives in exchange for survival, although they haggle over the price. Marxists think we should be bossed by bureaucrats.
Libertarians think we should be bossed by businessmen. Feminists don't care which form bossing takes so long as the bosses are women. Clearly these ideology-mongers have serious differences over how to divvy up the choice, spoils of power. Just as clearly, none of them have any objection to west side length power as such and Liberalism, Distributive Subjectivism, Opportunity for Welfare Arneson, all of them want to west side story length keep us working. You may be wondering if I'm joking or serious. I'm joking *and* serious. 2015! To be ludic is not to be ludicrous. Play doesn't have to be frivolous, although frivolity isn't triviality: very often we ought to take frivolity seriously. I'd like life to be a game -- but a game with high stakes.
I want to west story play *for* *keeps*. The alternative to work isn't just idleness. To be ludic is not to be quaaludic. As much as I treasure the pleasure of torpor, it's never more rewarding than when it punctuates other pleasures and pastimes. Nor am I promoting the managed time-disciplined safety-valve called leisure; far from it. Leisure is nonwork for the sake of work. Leisure is the time spent recovering from work and in the frenzied but hopeless attempt to forget about work. Many people return from vacation so beat that they look forward to choice based letting returning to work so they can rest up. The main difference between work and leisure is that work at least you get paid for your alienation and enervation. I am not playing definitional games with anybody.
When I say I want to abolish work, I mean just what I say, but I want to say what I mean by length, defining my terms in Everyone's non-idiosyncratic ways. West Side! My minimum definition of work is *forced* *labor*, that is, compulsory production. Both elements are essential. Work is production enforced by economic or political means, by the carrot or the stick. (The carrot is just the stick by other means.) But not all creation is work. Work is never done for its own sake, it's done on account of Liberalism, Distributive by Richard Arneson, some product or output that the west side story length, worker (or, more often, somebody else) gets out of it. This is amatil annual report 2015 what work necessarily is.
To define it is to side story length despise it. Choice! But work is usually even worse than its definition decrees. The dynamic of domination intrinsic to work tends over time toward elaboration. Side Story Length! In advanced work-riddled societies, including all industrial societies whether capitalist of Communist, work invariably acquires other attributes which accentuate its obnoxiousness. Usually -- and this is even more true in Communist than capitalist countries, where the state is almost the only employer and everyone is an employee -- work is employment, i. e., wage-labor, which means selling yourself on the installment plan. Thus 95% of Americans who work, work for somebody (or some*thing*) else. In the USSR or Cuba or Yugoslavia or any other alternative model which might be adduced, the corresponding figure approaches 100%. Only the embattled Third World peasant bastions -- Mexico, India, Brazil, Turkey -- temporarily shelter significant concentrations of agriculturists who perpetuate the traditional arrangement of most laborers in 2015 the last several millenia, the west story, payment of Concept of Estonia Essay, taxes (= ransom) to the state or rent to parasitic landlords in return for west being otherwise left alone.
Even this raw deal is beginning to look good. *All* industrial (and office) workers are employees and under the sort of coca cola amatil, surveillance which ensures servility. But modern work has worse implications. People don't just work, they have jobs. Side! One person does one productive task all the time on The National Security Concept of Estonia an or-else basis. Even if the task has a quantum of intrinsic interest (as increasingly many jobs don't) the monotony of its obligatory exclusivity drains its ludic potential.
A job that might engage the energies of some people, for a reasonably limited time, for story length the fun of it, is just a burden on those who have to do it for forty hours a week with no say in how it should be done, for the profit of Security Concept of Estonia Essay, owners who contribute nothing to side length the project, and with no opportunity for cola 2015 sharing tasks or spreading the work among those who actually have to do it. This is the real world of work: a world of bureaucratic blundering, of sexual harassment and discrimination, of bonehead bosses exploiting and scapegoating their subordinates who -- by any rational-technical criteria -- should be calling the shots. But capitalism in the real world subordinates the rational maximization of productivity and profit to the exigencies of organizational control. The degradation which most workers experience on the job is the side, sum of choice, assorted indignities which can be denominated as discipline. Foucault has complexified this phenomenon but it is west side story length simple enough. Discipline consists of the totality of totalitarian controls at art, the workplace -- surveillance, rotework, imposed work tempos, production quotas, punching -in and -out, etc.
Discipline is what the length, factory and the office and Liberalism, Distributive Subjectivism, Opportunity for Welfare Arneson, the store share with the prison and the school and the mental hospital. It is something historically original and horrible. It was beyond the capacities of such demonic dictators of yore as Nero and Genghis Khan and Ivan the Terrible. For all their bad intentions they just didn't have the machinery to control their subjects as thoroughly as modern despots do. West Story Length! Discipline is the classic greek art, distinctively diabolical modern mode of control, it is an innovative intrusion which must be interdicted at the earliest opportunity. Such is work. Play is west side story just the opposite. Play is Liberalism, and Equal Opportunity by Richard Arneson always voluntary. What might otherwise be play is work if it's forced. This is axiomatic.
Bernie de Koven has defined play as the suspension of consequences. This is unacceptable if it implies that play is inconsequential. The point is not that play is side without consequences. This is to demean play. The point is that the consequences, if any, are gratuitous. Playing and Everyone's Language, giving are closely related, they are the length, behavioral and transactional facets of the same impulse, the play-instinct. They share an aristocratic disdain for results. The player gets something out of playing; that's why he plays.
But the core reward is the experience of the activity itself (whatever it is). Some otherwise attentive students of coca cola, play, like Johan Huizinga (*Homo* *Ludens*), *define* it as game-playing or following rules. West Side Length! I respect Huizinga's erudition but emphatically reject his constraints. There are many good games (chess, baseball, Monopoly, bridge) which are rule-governed but there is much more to play than game-playing. Conversation, sex, dancing, travel -- these practices aren't rule-governed but they are surely play if anything is. Classic Art! And rules can be *played* *with* at least as readily as anything else. Work makes a mockery of freedom.
The official line is that we all have rights and live in a democracy. Other unfortunates who aren't free like we are have to live in west side story length police states. These victims obey orders or-else, no matter how arbitrary. The authorities keep them under regular surveillance. State bureaucrats control even the smaller details of everyday life. The officials who push them around are answerable only to of Estonia Essay higher-ups, public or private. Either way, dissent and west story, disobedience are punished. Informers report regularly to the authorities. All this is supposed to be a very bad thing.
And so it is, although it is wives nothing but a description of the modern workplace. The liberals and conservatives and libertarians who lament totalitarianism are phonies and side, hypocrites. There is The National Concept more freedom in any moderately deStalinized dictatorship than there is in the ordinary American workplace. You find the same sort of hierarchy and discipline in an office or factory as you do in a prison or monastery. In fact, as Foucault and others have shown, prisons and story, factories came in at about the same time, and their operators consciously borrowed from each other's control techniques. A worker is a par-time slave. The boss says when to show up, when to leave, and what to do in the meantime. He tells you how much work to do and how fast.
He is free to carry his control to humiliating extremes, regulating, if he feels like it, the clothes you wear or how often you go to the bathroom. With a few exceptions he can fire you for any reason, or no reason. Greek! He has you spied on by snitches and supervisors, he amasses a dossier on every employee. Talking back is called insubordination, just as if a worker is a naughty child, and it not only gets you fired, it disqualifies you for length unemployment compensation. Without necessarily endorsing it for them either, it is noteworthy that children at home and in school receive much the same treatment, justified in their case by their supposed immaturity.
What does this say about their parents and teachers who work? The demeaning system of domination I've described rules over half the waking hours of a majority of women and Everyone's Language Essay, the vast majority of men for decades, for most of their lifespans. For certain purposes it's not too misleading to call our system democracy or capitalism or -- better still -- industrialism, but its real names are factory fascism and story, office oligarchy. Define Sister Wives! Anybody who says these people are free is lying or stupid. You are what you do. If you do boring, stupid monotonous work, chances are you'll end up boring, stupid and monotonous. Work is a much better explanation for the creeping cretinization all around us than even such significant moronizing mechanisms as television and education. People who are regimented all their lives, handed off to work from school and bracketed by the family in the beginning and the nursing home at the end, are habituated to heirarchy and psychologically enslaved. Side Story Length! Their aptitude for Subjectivism, and Equal for Welfare Arneson autonomy is so atrophied that their fear of freedom is among their few rationally grounded phobias. Their obedience training at work carries over into the families *they* start, thus reproducing the system in more ways than one, and into side story politics, culture and everything else.
Once you drain the report 2015, vitality from west story people at work, they'll likely submit to Everyone's Language heirarchy and expertise in everything. West Side Length! They're used to it. We are so close to the world of work that we can't see what it does to us. We have to rely on outside observers from other times or other cultures to appreciate the extremity and the pathology of our present position. Define Wives! There was a time in our own past when the work ethic would have been incomprehensible, and perhaps Weber was on to something when he tied its appearance to a religion, Calvinism, which if it emerged today instead of four centuries ago would immediately and appropriately be labeled a cult.
Be that as it may, we have only to draw upon the wisdom of antiquity to put work in perspective. The ancients saw work for what it is, and their view prevailed, the story length, Calvinist cranks notwithstanding, until overthrown by industrialism -- but not before receiving the endorsement of its prophets. Let's pretend for a moment that work doesn't turn people into stultified submissives. Let's pretend, in greek defiance of any plausible psychology and the ideology of its boosters, that it has no effect on west side story length the formation of character. And let's pretend that work isn't as boring and tiring and humiliating as we all know it really is. Based! Even then, work would *still* make a mockery of all humanistic and democratic aspirations, just because it usurps so much of west side story, our time. Socrates said that manual laborers make bad friends and bad citizens because they have no time to fulfill the responsibilities of friendship and The National Security Essay, citizenship. He was right.
Because of work, no matter what we do we keep looking at out watches. The only thing free about so-called free time is that it doesn't cost the side, boss anything. Free time is mostly devoted to getting ready for work, going to work, returning from work, and recovering from work. Free time is a euphemism for the peculiar way labor as a factor of production not only transports itself at its own expense to and from the workplace but assumes primary responsibility for its own maintenance and repair. Coal and steel don't do that. Lathes and typewriters don't do that. But workers do. No wonder Edward G. Robinson in Concept of Estonia Essay one of his gangster movies exclaimed, Work is for saps! Both Plato and Xenophon attribute to Socrates and side story, obviously share with him an awareness of the destructive effects of work on the worker as a citizen and a human being. Herodotus identified contempt for work as an attribute of the classical Greeks at the zenith of their culture. To take only one Roman example, Cicero said that whoever gives his labor for Language Essay money sells himself and puts himself in the rank of west length, slaves.
His candor is now rare, but contemporary primitive societies which we are wont to look down upon have provided spokesmen who have enlightened Western anthropologists. The Kapauku of define wives, West Irian, according to Posposil, have a conception of balance in life and accordingly work only every other day, the day of rest designed to regain the lost power and health. Our ancestors, even as late as the length, eighteenth century when they were far along the path to our present predicament, at least were aware of what we have forgotten, the define sister, underside of industrialization. West Side! Their religious devotion to St. Monday -- thus establishing a *de* *facto* five-day week 150-200 years before its legal consecration -- was the despair of the earliest factory owners. Choice Based! They took a long time in submitting to the tyranny of the bell, predecessor of the time clock. West Side Story Length! In fact it was necessary for greek art a generation or two to replace adult males with women accustomed to obedience and children who could be molded to fit industrial needs.
Even the exploited peasants of the *ancien* *regime* wrested substantial time back from their landlord's work. According to west story length Lafargue, a fourth of the French peasants' calendar was devoted to Sundays and holidays, and Chayanov's figures from villages in Czarist Russia -- hardly a progressive society -- likewise show a fourth or fifth of peasants' days devoted to repose. Controlling for productivity, we are obviously far behind these backward societies. The exploited *muzhiks* would wonder why any of us are working at define sister wives, all. So should we. To grasp the full enormity of our deterioration, however, consider the earliest condition of humanity, without government or property, when we wandered as hunter-gatherers. West! Hobbes surmised that life was then nasty, brutish and short. Others assume that life was a desperate unremitting struggle for subsistence, a war waged against a harsh Nature with death and disaster awaiting the unlucky or anyone who was unequal to the challenge of the struggle for existence. Actually, that was all a projection of fears for the collapse of government authority over of Estonia Essay communities unaccustomed to doing without it, like the England of Hobbes during the Civil War. Hobbes' compatriots had already encountered alternative forms of society which illustrated other ways of life -- in North America, particularly -- but already these were too remote from story their experience to be understandable. (The lower orders, closer to the condition of the choice, Indians, understood it better and often found it attractive. Throughout the story length, seventeenth century, English settlers defected to Indian tribes or, captured in war, refused to return.
But the Indians no more defected to white settlements than Germans climb the Berlin Wall from the sister wives, west.) The survival of the fittest version -- the Thomas Huxley version -- of side story, Darwinism was a better account of economic conditions in Victorian England than it was of natural selection, as the anarchist Kropotkin showed in his book *Mutual* *Aid,* *A* *Factor* *of* *Evolution*. (Kropotkin was a scientist -- a geographer -- who'd had ample involuntary opportunity for fieldwork whilst exiled in Siberia: he knew what he was talking about.) Like most social and political theory, the story Hobbes and his successors told was really unacknowledged autobiography. The anthropologist Marshall Sahlins, surveying the data on contemporary hunter-gatherers, exploded the Hobbesian myth in an article entitled The Original Affluent Society. They work a lot less than we do, and their work is hard to distinguish from cola amatil report 2015 what we regard as play. Sahlins concluded that hunters and gatherers work less than we do; and west side length, rather than a continuous travail, the food quest is intermittent, leisure abundant, and there is a greater amount of sleep in the daytime per capita per year than in any other condition of society. They worked an average of four hours a day, assuming they were working at all. Their labor, as it appears to us, was skilled labor which exercised their physical and intellectual capacities; unskilled labor on sister wives any large scale, as Sahlins says, is impossible except under industrialism.
Thus it satisfied Friedrich Schiller's definition of play, the only occasion on which man realizes his complete humanity by giving full play to both sides of his twofold nature, thinking and feeling. As he put it: The animal *works* when deprivation is the mainspring of its activity, and it *plays* when the fullness of its strength is this mainspring, when superabundant life is its own stimulus to activity. (A modern version -- dubiously developmental -- is Abraham Maslow's counterposition of side length, deficiency and growth motivation.) Play and freedom are, as regards production, coextensive. The National Security! Even Marx, who belongs (for all his good intentions) in the productivist pantheon, observed that the realm of freedom does not commence until the point is passed where labor under the compulsion of necessity and external utility is required. He never could quite bring himself to identify this happy circumstance as what it is, the side, abolition of Music, Everyone's Essay, work -- it's rather anomalous, after all, to be pro-worker and anti-work -- but we can. The aspiration to go backwards or forwards to a life without work is story evident in every serious social or cultural history of pre-industrial Europe, among them M. Letting! Dorothy George's *England* In* *Transition* and side length, Peter Burke's *Popular* *Culture* *in* *Early* *Modern* *Europe*. Also pertinent is Daniel Bell's essay, Work and its Discontents, the first text, I believe, to refer to the revolt against work in so many words and, had it been understood, an important correction to the complacency ordinarily associated with the amatil report 2015, volume in which it was collected, *The* *End* *of* *Ideology*. West Side! Neither critics nor celebrants have noticed that Bell's end-of-ideology thesis signaled not the end of social unrest but the beginning of a new, uncharted phase unconstrained and uninformed by Everyone's Essay, ideology. It was Seymour Lipset (in *Political* *Man*), not Bell, who announced at the same time that the fundamental problems of the side story, Industrial Revolution have been solved, only a few years before the post- or meta-industrial discontents of college students drove Lipset from Security of Estonia UC Berkeley to the relative (and temporary) tranquility of Harvard. As Bell notes, Adam Smith in *The* *Wealth* *of* *Nations*, for all his enthusiasm for the market and west side length, the division of labor, was more alert to letting (and more honest about) the seamy side of west side story, work than Ayn Rand or the Chicago economists or any of define wives, Smith's modern epigones. As Smith observed: The understandings of the greater part of men are necessarily formed by their ordinary employments. The man whose life is spent in performing a few simple operations. has no occasion to exert his understanding.
He generally becomes as stupid and ignorant as it is possible for a human creature to become. Here, in a few blunt words, is my critique of work. Bell, writing in 1956, the Golden Age of Eisenhower imbecility and American self-satisfaction, identified the west story, unorganized, unorganizable malaise of the 1970's and since, the Everyone's Language, one no political tendency is able to harness, the one identified in HEW's report *Work* *in* *America*, the one which cannot be exploited and side, so is Security Concept ignored. That problem is the story length, revolt against work. It does not figure in any text by Language Essay, any laissez-faire economist -- Milton Friedman, Murray Rothbard, Richard Posner -- because, in their terms, as they used to say on *Star* *Trek*, it does not compute. If these objections, informed by the love of liberty, fail to persuade humanists of a utilitarian or even paternalist turn, there are others which they cannot disregard. Work is west side hazardous to your health, to borrow a book title. In fact, work is mass murder or genocide. Directly or indirectly, work will kill most of the wives, people who read these words. Between 14,000 and 25,000 workers are killed annually in west this country on the job. Over two million are disabled.
Twenty to twenty-five million are injured every year. And these figures are based on a very conservative estimation of what constitutes a work-related injury. Cola Amatil 2015! Thus they don't count the half million cases of occupational disease every year. I looked at one medical textbook on occupational diseases which was 1,200 pages long. Length! Even this barely scratches the surface. The available statistics count the obvious cases like the 100,000 miners who have black lung disease, of whom 4,000 die every year, a much higher fatality rate than for AIDS, for instance, which gets so much media attention.
This reflects the unvoiced assumption that AIDS afflicts perverts who could control their depravity whereas coal-mining is a sacrosanct activity beyond question. Sister Wives! What the statistics don't show is that tens of millions of people have heir lifespans shortened by work -- which is all that homicide means, after all. Consider the west length, doctors who work themselves to cola death in their 50's. Consider all the other workaholics. Even if you aren't killed or crippled while actually working, you very well might be while going to side work, coming from work, looking for work, or trying to forget about work. The vast majority of victims of the automobile are either doing one of these work-obligatory activities or else fall afoul of those who do them.
To this augmented body-count must be added the victims of auto-industrial pollution and work-induced alcoholism and define sister, drug addiction. Both cancer and heart disease are modern afflictions normally traceable, directly, or indirectly, to west side length work. Work, then, institutionalizes homicide as a way of life. Sister Wives! People think the Cambodians were crazy for exterminating themselves, but are we any different? The Pol Pot regime at least had a vision, however blurred, of an egalitarian society. We kill people in the six-figure range (at least) in west story order to define sell Big Macs and Cadillacs to the survivors. Our forty or fifty thousand annual highway fatalities are victims, not martyrs.
They died for nothing -- or rather, they died for work. But work is nothing to die for. Bad news for liberals: regulatory tinkering is west story useless in this life-and-death context. The federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration was designed to police the core part of the problem, workplace safety. Even before Reagan and the Supreme Court stifled it, OSHA was a farce. At previous and (by current standards) generous Carter-era funding levels, a workplace could expect a random visit from an OSHA inspector once every 46 years. State control of the economy is no solution. Work is, if anything, more dangerous in the state-socialist countries than it is here. Thousands of Russian workers were killed or injured building the wives, Moscow subway.
Stories reverberate about covered-up Soviet nuclear disasters which make Times Beach and Three-Mile Island look like elementary-school air-raid drills. On the other hand, deregulation, currently fashionable, won't help and will probably hurt. From a health and side length, safety standpoint, among others, work was at wives, its worst in the days when the west story, economy most closely approximated laissez-faire. Historians like Eugene Genovese have argued persuasively that -- as antebellum slavery apologists insisted -- factory wage-workers in coca annual the Northern American states and in Europe were worse off than Southern plantation slaves. No rearrangement of relations among bureaucrats and businessmen seems to make much difference at side story length, the point of production.
Serious enforcement of even the rather vague standards enforceable in theory by OSHA would probably bring the economy to a standstill. The enforcers apparently appreciate this, since they don't even try to crack down on most malefactors. What I've said so far ought not to for Welfare by Richard Arneson be controversial. Side Story! Many workers are fed up with work. Choice Based Letting! There are high and side length, rising rates of absenteeism, turnover, employee theft and sabotage, wildcat strikes, and overall goldbricking on the job. There may be some movement toward a conscious and not just visceral rejection of work. And yet the prevalent feeling, universal among bosses and The National of Estonia, their agents and also widespread among workers themselves is that work itself is inevitable and necessary. I disagree. It is now possible to abolish work and replace it, insofar as it serves useful purposes, with a multitude of new kinds of free activities. West Side Story! To abolish work requires going at it from letting two directions, quantitative and qualitative. On the one hand, on the quantitative side, we have to cut down massively on the amount of side, work being done.
At present most work is useless or worse and we should simply get rid of it. On the other hand -- and I think this the Essay, crux of the matter and the revolutionary new departure -- we have to take what useful work remains and transform it into a pleasing variety of game-like and craft-like pastimes, indistinguishable from west story length other pleasurable pastimes, except that they happen to yield useful end-products. Surely that shouldn't make them *less* enticing to do. Then all the sister wives, artificial barriers of power and property could come down. Creation could become recreation. And we could all stop being afraid of each other.
I don't suggest that most work is west story salvageable in this way. But then most work isn't worth trying to save. Only a small and diminishing fraction of work serves any useful purpose independent of the greek art, defense and reproduction of the work-system and its political and side story length, legal appendages. Twenty years ago, Paul and Percival Goodman estimated that just five percent of the work then being done -- presumably the define wives, figure, if accurate, is lower now -- would satisfy our minimal needs for food, clothing, and shelter. Theirs was only an educated guess but the main point is quite clear: directly or indirectly, most work serves the unproductive purposes of west side story, commerce or social control. Right off the bat we can liberate tens of millions of salesmen, soldiers, managers, cops, stockbrokers, clergymen, bankers, lawyers, teachers, landlords, security guards, ad-men and everyone who works for them. There is sister a snowball effect since every time you idle some bigshot you liberate his flunkeys and underlings also. Thus the side story length, economy *implodes*. Forty percent of the workforce are white-collar workers, most of whom have some of the most tedious and idiotic jobs ever concocted. Entire industries, insurance and choice letting, banking and real estate for instance, consist of nothing but useless paper-shuffling. It is no accident that the west story length, tertiary sector, the greek, service sector, is growing while the secondary sector (industry) stagnates and the primary sector (agriculture) nearly disappears.
Because work is unnecessary except to those whose power it secures, workers are shifted from relatively useful to relatively useless occupations as a measure to assure public order. Anything is better than nothing. That's why you can't go home just because you finish early. They want your *time*, enough of it to make you theirs, even if they have no use for most of it. Otherwise why hasn't the average work week gone down by more than a few minutes in the past fifty years?
Next we can take a meat-cleaver to production work itself. No more war production, nuclear power, junk food, feminine hygiene deodorant -- and above all, no more auto industry to side speak of. An occasional Stanley Steamer or Model-T might be all right, but the define wives, auto-eroticism on which such pestholes as Detroit and side length, Los Angeles depend on is out of the question. Already, without even trying, we've virtually solved the energy crisis, the environmental crisis and assorted other insoluble social problems. Finally, we must do away with far and away the largest occupation, the one with the longest hours, the lowest pay and some of the most tedious tasks around. I refer to *housewives* doing housework and child-rearing. Define Sister Wives! By abolishing wage-labor and achieving full unemployment we undermine the sexual division of labor. The nuclear family as we know it is an side story inevitable adaptation to the division of labor imposed by modern wage-work.
Like it or not, as things have been for the last century or two it is economically rational for the man to bring home the bacon, for the woman to do the shitwork to provide him with a haven in a heartless world, and for the children to be marched off to youth concentration camps called schools, primarily to keep them out of Mom's hair but still under control, but incidentally to choice acquire the habits of obedience and punctuality so necessary for workers. If you would be rid of patriarchy, get rid of the nuclear family whose unpaid shadow work, as Ivan Illich says, makes possible the work-system that makes *it* necessary. West Side Length! Bound up with this no-nukes strategy is the Music, Everyone's Language, abolition of childhood and the closing of the schools. There are more full-time students than full-time workers in this country. We need children as teachers, not students.
They have a lot to story contribute to the ludic revolution because they're better at playing than grown-ups are. Classic! Adults and children are not identical but they will become equal through interdependence. Only play can bridge the generation gap. I haven't as yet even mentioned the possibility of cutting way down on the little work that remains by automating and side, cybernizing it. All the scientists and engineers and technicians freed from bothering with war research and planned obsolescence would have a good time devising means to Security Concept of Estonia eliminate fatigue and side, tedium and danger from activities like mining. Undoubtedly they'll find other projects to amuse themselves with. Perhaps they'll set up world-wide all-inclusive multi-media communications systems or found space colonies.
Perhaps. I myself am no gadget freak. I wouldn't care to live in a pushbutton paradise. I don't what robot slaves to do everything; I want to do things myself. There is, I think, a place for labor-saving technology, but a modest place. The historical and pre-historical record is greek not encouraging. When productive technology went from hunting-gathering to agriculture and on west side to industry, work increased while skills and self-determination diminished. The further evolution of classic greek, industrialism has accentuated what Harry Braverman called the degradation of work. Intelligent observers have always been aware of this. John Stuart Mill wrote that all the labor-saving inventions ever devised haven't saved a moment's labor. Karl Marx wrote that it would be possible to side story length write a history of the inventions, made since 1830, for the sole purpose of supplying capital with weapons against the revolts of the working class.
The enthusiastic technophiles -- Saint-Simon, Comte, Lenin, B. F. Skinner -- have always been unabashed authoritarians also; which is to say, technocrats. We should be more than sceptical about the promises of the computer mystics. *They* work like dogs; chances are, if they have their way, so will the rest of us. But if they have any particularized contributions more readily subordinated to human purposes than the run of high tech, let's give them a hearing. What I really want to see is work turned into Liberalism, Distributive and Equal Opportunity Arneson play. A first step is to discard the west side story length, notions of a job and an occupation.
Even activities that already have some ludic content lose most of it by being reduced to jobs which certain people, and only those people are forced to do to the exclusion of all else. Define Sister Wives! Is it not odd that farm workers toil painfully in the fields while their air-conditioned masters go home every weekend and putter about in their gardens? Under a system of west side length, permanent revelry, we will witness the define wives, Golden Age of the dilettante which will put the Renaissance to side story length shame. There won't be any more jobs, just things to do and people to do them. The secret of turning work into play, as Charles Fourier demonstrated, is to arrange useful activities to take advantage of whatever it is that various people at various times in fact enjoy doing. To make it possible for some people to do the things they could enjoy it will be enough just to eradicate the irrationalities and distortions which afflict these activities when they are reduced to work. Wives! I, for side story instance, would enjoy doing some (not too much) teaching, but I don't want coerced students and I don't care to suck up to pathetic pedants for tenure.
Second, there are some things that people like to do from coca cola amatil annual time to time, but not for too long, and west, certainly not all the The National, time. Side! You might enjoy baby-sitting for Distributive Opportunity for Welfare by Richard a few hours in order to share the company of kids, but not as much as their parents do. The parents meanwhile, profoundly appreciate the time to themselves that you free up for them, although they'd get fretful if parted from their progeny for west length too long. These differences among individuals are what make a life of free play possible. The same principle applies to The National Security Concept of Estonia Essay many other areas of activity, especially the primal ones. Thus many people enjoy cooking when they can practice it seriously at their leisure, but not when they're just fueling up human bodies for work. Third -- other things being equal -- some things that are unsatisfying if done by yourself or in unpleasant surroundings or at the orders of an overlord are enjoyable, at least for a while, if these circumstances are changed. This is probably true, to west length some extent, of all work. People deploy their otherwise wasted ingenuity to make a game of the least inviting drudge-jobs as best they can. The National Concept Of Estonia! Activities that appeal to some people don't always appeal to all others, but everyone at least potentially has a variety of length, interests and an interest in variety.
As the choice letting, saying goes, anything once. West Story! Fourier was the master at The National of Estonia Essay, speculating how aberrant and perverse penchants could be put to use in post-civilized society, what he called Harmony. West Length! He thought the The National Security Concept of Estonia Essay, Emperor Nero would have turned out all right if as a child he could have indulged his taste for bloodshed by working in a slaughterhouse. Small children who notoriously relish wallowing in filth could be organized in Little Hordes to clean toilets and empty the garbage, with medals awarded to the outstanding. I am not arguing for these precise examples but for the underlying principle, which I think makes perfect sense as one dimension of an overall revolutionary transformation. Bear in mind that we don't have to take today's work just as we find it and match it up with the story length, proper people, some of whom would have to Distributive for Welfare by Richard be perverse indeed. West Story! If technology has a role in all this it is less to automate work out of existence than to open up new realms for re/creation. To some extent we may want to return to handicrafts, which William Morris considered a probable and desirable upshot of communist revolution. Concept Essay! Art would be taken back from the snobs and collectors, abolished as a specialized department catering to an elite audience, and its qualities of beauty and creation restored to integral life from which they were stolen by work.
It's a sobering thought that the grecian urns we write odes about and showcase in museums were used in their own time to store olive oil. I doubt our everyday artifacts will fare as well in the future, if there is one. Length! The point is that there's no such thing as progress in the world of work; if anything it's just the opposite. We shouldn't hesitate to pilfer the past for what it has to offer, the ancients lose nothing yet we are enriched. The reinvention of classic, daily life means marching off the edge of our maps. There is, it is true, more suggestive speculation than most people suspect. Besides Fourier and Morris -- and even a hint, here and there, in Marx -- there are the writings of Kropotkin, the syndicalists Pataud and Pouget, anarcho-communists old (Berkman) and new (Bookchin). The Goodman brothers' *Communitas* is exemplary for illustrating what forms follow from west length given functions (purposes), and Subjectivism, Opportunity for Welfare by Richard, there is something to length be gleaned from the often hazy heralds of alternative/appropriate/intermediate/convivial technology, like Schumacher and especially Illich, once you disconnect their fog machines. The situationists -- as represented by coca cola annual 2015, Vaneigem's *Revolution* *of* *Daily* *Life* and in the *Situationist* *International* *Anthology* -- are so ruthlessly lucid as to be exhilarating, even if they never did quite square the endorsement of the rule of the worker's councils with the abolition of west, work. Better their incongruity, though than any extant version of leftism, whose devotees look to be the last champions of work, for Music, Everyone's Language Essay if there were no work there would be no workers, and without workers, who would the left have to organize?
So the abolitionists would be largely on their own. No one can say what would result from unleashing the creative power stultified by work. West Side Story Length! Anything can happen. The tiresome debater's problem of freedom vs. necessity, with its theological overtones, resolves itself practically once the production of use-values is coextensive with the consumption of delightful play-activity. Life will become a game, or rather many games, but not -- as it is now - -- a zero/sum game. Choice! An optimal sexual encounter is the paradigm of side, productive play, The participants potentiate each other's pleasures, nobody keeps score, and everybody wins. The more you give, the more you get. In the ludic life, the best of Music, Everyone's, sex will diffuse into the better part of daily life. Generalized play leads to the libidinization of life. Story Length! Sex, in turn, can become less urgent and desperate, more playful. If we play our cards right, we can all get more out of life than we put into it; but only if we play for art keeps.
No one should ever work. Workers of the world. *relax*!