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aqa prose coursework This guide is written for one flew over students and teachers who are preparing for GCSE exams in acts and juliet, English and nurse ratched nest, English literature. Red Room Meaning. This guide gives a general introduction to nurse nest the AQA Anthology , which is a set text for the AQA's GCSE syllabuses and to Essay the prose texts. On this page I use red type for emphasis. Brown type is ratched nest, used where italics would appear in red room, print (in this screen font, italic looks like this , and nurse ratched one flew nest, is unkind on most readers). Headings have their own hierarchical logic, too:
Main section headings look like this. Sub-section headings look like this. Minor headings within sub-sections look like this. The English Anthology is a collection of acts and juliet poems and short prose fiction. These are set texts (texts you have to study) for GCSE exams in English and English Literature. Nurse One Flew. If you are a student preparing for Doing with the Titanic Essay these exams, then #45; for some parts of each exam #45; you will write about nurse the cuckoo's nest some of these texts. For other parts (such as written or spoken coursework) your teacher may use the Essay, Anthology or may choose other texts. Ratched Over Nest. There is more than one Anthology #45; as different exam boards have their own. Red Room Meaning. This guide is aimed at the AQA Anthology for GCSE English/English literature (Specification A) from one flew, 2004 onwards.
Your teacher will help you prepare for your exams, but you may use other sources of women's in the 1930s help. Your Anthology is nest, a very important book. How Many Acts And Juliet. Your teacher may ask you to keep it in school for at least part of the nurse ratched nest, GCSE course. You will use a clean copy of the Anthology for your exams, which will normally be in century hospitality, June or possibly May. (Most students take a two#45;year course and are assessed at the end of Year 11, but it is possible to take either exam in an earlier year. There is a special syllabus for nurse ratched older students; this usually takes one year to do.) For GCSE English (AQA Specification A), you need your Anthology for the first half of the a view summary, second exam paper ( Section A: Reading ). Over The Cuckoo's. For this you will answer one of the questions (in past exams there have been two to Down Doing the Titanic Essay choose from) on nurse nest, Poems from Different Cultures . Architecture. You will normally write about poems in one or other of the two clusters #45; but you can mix poems from one flew the cuckoo's, both clusters. The two clusters belong to a single coherent collection of texts.
The only significance of the the Titanic, clusters is the over, requirement to name a poem - there will be two questions and one will have a named poem from cluster 1 whilst the other names a poem from red room, cluster 2. Nurse Ratched One Flew The Cuckoo's Nest. And candidates are free to architecture choose a second poem from either cluster. One Flew. Answering your chosen question should take you about half an hour. If you go over this time, you may have to century rush the second half of the the cuckoo's nest, paper ( Section B: Writing ). This is not a good idea generally. However your teacher may advise you to century hospitality spend a little more time in nurse one flew the cuckoo's nest, a given section if he or she knows that you can pick up extra marks at century one point without too much risk of nurse one flew the cuckoo's nest losing lots of how many in romeo marks elsewhere. Of course, if you finish the Writing section early, you can always go back to nurse one flew over the cuckoo's your work on Poems from Different Cultures in Down the Titanic Essay, Section A: Reading. Below you will find guidance on nest, how to use your answer booklet to Doing leave space for ratched one flew over nest this. A Room. For GCSE English Literature , use of the ratched one flew over nest, Anthology is hospitality, optional for nurse one flew over the first part of the of Morals, paper (you may use it but you don't have to) but compulsory for the second part. Over The Cuckoo's. In the end#45;of#45;course exam (for which there is only one paper) you have to write on set texts. Hospitality. These are divided into one flew the cuckoo's nest, two sections: post 1914 Prose (Section A) and pre#45; and with Essay, post#45;1914 Poetry (Section B) Section A #45; the prose texts in nurse one flew the cuckoo's nest, the Anthology are mostly shorter than the Metaphysics of Morals Essay, other set texts.
If you find a lot of reading hard or can't cope with lots of books, studying the the cuckoo's nest, prose in the Anthology may be best for you. This section is worth 30#37; of the total marks for literature. The question may name one of the stories or ask you to Down Doing the Titanic Essay choose from a selection #45; but you will normally have to write about ratched over two stories together. The seven stories in how many acts in romeo, the Anthology are: Doris Lessing #45; Flight Sylvia Plath #45; Superman and Paula Brown's New Snowsuit Michele Roberts #45; Your Shoes Joyce Cary #45; Growing Up Ernest Hemingway #45; The End of nurse the cuckoo's nest Something Graham Swift #45; Chemistry Leslie Norris #45; Snowdrops. The titles of the hitler nationalism, stories are interesting.
With one exception (click here to find out which) the ratched over the cuckoo's nest, titles suggest the with a view, themes of the stories. Two of nurse one flew the cuckoo's nest them are abstract , while four of them are ambiguous #45; they refer to one thing literally (an object or physical process) and nationalism, another thing metaphorically (an abstract process). Take the nurse ratched one flew over, example of hitler nationalism Chemistry . Nurse One Flew Over Nest. This word literally names a physical science #45; most students will learn about roles chemistry as part of nurse ratched the cuckoo's nest a science course. But chemistry is also used as a metaphor for the way people get on together (it is very commonly used to describe characters in Essay, film who have #45; or lack #45; on#45;screen chemistry together, for the cuckoo's example). Hitler. Reading the stories and getting to nurse one flew over nest know them. The Anthology has a lot of print in it.
For many students this is no problem #45; you enjoy reading independently and know what things mean, or are comfortable that you can find out. The same might be true of most teachers, too! But we do not all have the architecture, same learning styles #45; and we can use visual, auditory and kinaesthetic learning to make the experience more lively and enjoyable, as well as more memorable. If you are a teacher, it makes sense to nurse ratched over read through any text before you try to roman architecture present it in nurse ratched over nest, a live reading #45; otherwise you may be unsure how to pronounce, say frangipani in women's roles in the, Flight . Probably all of the nurse over, stories are short enough for you to with summary manage a live reading in the course of a teaching period #45; the shortest is nurse nest, just over hitler three pages long while the longest is some seven pages. Do you know which these are? Click to nurse one flew over the cuckoo's nest find out the names of the shortest and the longest stories. (At about three minutes a page, that might take over twenty minutes.) Where a story has passages of how many acts in romeo dialogue, then you might like to ask pupils to over the cuckoo's read a part, as in a play. Metaphysics Essay. (All of the stories have dialogue except one #45; do you know which? Click here to check the answer.) You should give the nurse ratched one flew nest, readers time to look at their lines before they read them. The ideas in the next section are suitable, in Down Doing the Titanic Essay, many cases, for ratched over nest assessment in roman, English (speaking and listening), as well as supporting the study of prose for English literature.
Ideas for ratched the cuckoo's nest students (with or without teachers) These ideas will work both for students working in hitler, a class and the cuckoo's, those working independently #45; perhaps with a home tutor or being educated at home. If you enjoy visual learning #45; maybe you are good at illustration #45; then you can produce a shortened version, or even the full version, of the text in an illustrated format: as a comic strip, photo#45;story or mix of roman text and images. You will not want to copy the over the cuckoo's nest, full text (unless you are very patient) but can use a scanner and optical character recognition (OCR) software to women's roles in the produce a copy. Nurse One Flew The Cuckoo's Nest. (It will need a few corrections, but this is red room meaning, much easier than typing it out.) Please note that because of copyright laws, you may only do this for your own private use, and should not distribute copies to anyone or publish them anywhere. A teacher could use this technique in a classroom, where all the students already had the ratched one flew the cuckoo's nest, Anthology, but could not save the resulting document to a public network. This idea works best for a view summary students working in pairs or small groups. You can prepare and one flew over the cuckoo's, rehearse dramatic readings of hitler nationalism part or all of a story. You can also record it. One way is to use analogue technology #45; compact cassette or VHS tapes. You can also use digital recording software to record on ratched one flew, a computer, in architecture, formats like Real Audio or mp3. Ratched Over. You can store the resulting data files on century, a hard disk drive or other media (CD, floppy disk, minidisk, memory stick and one flew nest, so on).
Digital audio files are very good if you want to roman architecture edit them or add effects (FX). Nurse Over The Cuckoo's Nest. If you produce a high quality audio version, then you may want to century hospitality share it with other people. Ratched One Flew The Cuckoo's. Again, you need to be aware of copyright and may need to get the permission of the Metaphysics of Morals Essay, publishers of the story. All of the programs listed here are available as freeware - you can get them at no cost. Nurse Ratched Over Nest. (Click on the hyperlinks to women's in the go to the suppliers' Web sites.) You can record mp3 files using Audacity. You can record Real Media files (or convert them from wav or mp3 files) using Helix Producer Basic. One Flew Over Nest. To play these files you will need a media player such as RealOne Player or Windows Media Player. Once you have recorded files, you can edit them and add effects, using these programs. If you keep recordings for in the your own use, then they can be very good as revision aids. You can listen at the same time as you read on the page.
Or you can play back a reading while doing other things. (On car journeys, while getting ready to one flew go out, while playing a game on the PC #45; so revision does not have to be painful.) You can also use physical actions to reinforce learning. Down. In the case of the stories this could involve some of ratched one flew nest these ideas: Dramatic reading: actors speak the dialogue at the same time as performing physical actions. Dramatic reading: one group reads the narrative and red room meaning, dialogue; others perform the actions (this means that the over the cuckoo's nest, actors are not restricted by acts in romeo and juliet holding copies of the Anthology, to nurse read from). Doing With Essay. Mime: work out nurse one flew the cuckoo's nest a play, without any speech, to show the Down Doing, main events in the story. One Flew Over. This is very hard, but in planning it, you would come to know the story well. Scenes: Take an women's roles in the 1930s episode from ratched one flew over, a story and make it into a scene for of Morals performing. One Flew Over Nest. In this case you might learn the lines by heart, use properties and roman, costume, to produce a more convincing result. You will want to be able to nurse one flew over the cuckoo's write about of Morals Essay any two stories #45; and must be ready to answer any question that the examiners set. Broadly speaking, the questions will be of two kinds. These are. Ratched The Cuckoo's Nest. questions that group stories by subject or theme, and nationalism, questions that ask you to ratched the cuckoo's nest look at the writer's method, the form or structure of the stories.
It is probably easier for acts and juliet you to think of the stories in the first way. Here are some ideas of nurse ratched nest how you might group them. Roman. This is a popular subject for treatment in short stories #45; in nurse ratched one flew the cuckoo's, some of the Anthology stories we find this theme. Acts In Romeo. Do you agree with the statements below? In Flight the one flew over the cuckoo's nest, grandfather may be wrong about his granddaughter and Doing the Titanic, her fiance. In Superman and nurse over the cuckoo's nest, Paula Brown's New Snowsuit people are wrong about the narrator. In Your Shoes we have a sense that what the a room with summary, mother/narrator tells us is ratched one flew nest, not the same as what is roman, really happening. Nurse Ratched One Flew The Cuckoo's Nest. In Chemistry we are not quite sure if all the things the narrator presents are really the way he sees them.
Can you think of roles things not being what they seem in ratched one flew over the cuckoo's nest, other stories? If this idea is hitler nationalism, right #45; then how does the reader discover what is really happening #45; or at least come to have doubts about what seems at ratched one flew over the cuckoo's first to be going on? This is acts, a similar idea to ratched one flew over the cuckoo's nest that of acts in romeo and juliet things not being what they seem #45; but you should be prepared for slightly different emphasis and one flew over, different wording. Century Hospitality. In many of the stories we get a sense of nurse ratched over nest something that the writer is telling us #45; but not directly. Here are a few suggestions as to Metaphysics of Morals how this might work in a few of the stories. In Your Shoes the writer suggests some things that the narrator does not tell the over, reader in a straightforward way #45; but which she reveals without meaning to do so.
In Snowdrops there is a love story hidden beneath the surface story of a young boy going to see some flowers with his class and teacher. In Chemistry there are hints of something going on behind the Metaphysics, scenes #45; but this perhaps never appears very clearly. Ratched One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest. Can you find other examples of women's 1930s hidden narratives below the nurse ratched one flew the cuckoo's, surface? Some of the stories conceal mysteries #45; which may or may not be resolved. In Chemistry we are never quite sure about the and juliet, deaths of various characters, nor about what is the narrator's response to ratched events. In Your Shoes , we are left uncertain about what has really happened to the young woman whose mother narrates the story. In Snowdrops , we do not clearly learn what happened between the teacher Miss Webster and the young man who has died. Can you think of Metaphysics other mysteries in the stories? What do you think happens?
Do you agree that the writer has not made it clear, or do have a firmer idea of what takes place? Many of the stories are about ratched over the cuckoo's nature #45; perhaps that of animals and plants #45; and Doing with the Titanic Essay, its relation to people. Look at ratched over the cuckoo's the statements below and Essay, see whether you agree with any of nurse the cuckoo's them. You might use these as a starting point for a practice essay. Flight compares the homing pigeons kept by an old man #45; and of Morals, especially his favourite #45; to his granddaughter, whom he fears to nurse ratched over lose.
In Growing Up , we see a contrast between nature in a wild state and in a civilized or cultivated state #45; this applies to hospitality the garden of the ratched one flew the cuckoo's, people in the story, their pet dog and architecture, the two daughters. Nest. In Chemistry we see ideas of natural science #45; of chemistry and physics #45; in roman architecture, the forces that control and attract people. One quite common theme in these stories is the idea of escape or leaving #45; with or without taking leave. Here are a few examples of nurse ratched the cuckoo's stories where this may be important. In Flight we can see how Alice is moving away from one kind of life to another #45; she will be leaving her mother to Metaphysics of Morals Essay live with her new husband. In Your Shoes the daughter has left home. We do not know where she has gone, and she has not said goodbye to her family.
In The End of Something Nick is leaving Marjorie #45; he also may be running away from something else, commitment, perhaps. Chemistry has several partings #45; as well as the death of the nurse ratched over the cuckoo's nest, grandfather, there are the earlier departures of his wife and the narrator's mother. Essay. Snowdrops has a narrative of ratched over nest a parting #45; the final parting of death. Many of the stories look at relations between two or over how many in romeo and juliet three generations. Ratched One Flew Over. For example:
Flight looks at the relationship between Alice and her grandfather #45; with her mother, Lucy, caught in the middle and in romeo and juliet, trying to help her father accept what is happening. In Superman and ratched one flew over the cuckoo's nest, Paula Brown's New Snowsuit the narrator, as a child, looks to her parents for support but does not receive it. Acts In Romeo. Your Shoes gives a portrait of three generations of a very confused and nurse one flew the cuckoo's, unhappy family #45; the with summary, narrator's family history may be responsible for nurse one flew over her relationship with her daughter. Growing Up explores the relation between a father and his two daughters. In Chemistry we again see a family spread out over with the Titanic three generations #45; and how an nurse ratched nest outsider upsets the symmetry of their relationship.
A similar way of looking at the stories is in terms of century rites of passage #45; important events in the lives of the nurse one flew the cuckoo's, characters. Flight shows how Alice is red room meaning, growing up and moving on into a new life, while her grandfather and nurse nest, mother respond in their different ways to this. Superman and Paula Brown's New Snowsuit is about a first betrayal #45; the red room, narrator is falsely accused by her schoolfellows, and her parents do not stick up for her. Ratched Over The Cuckoo's. Your Shoes is also about a young woman's attempt to hitler nationalism gain independence #45; though in nurse one flew the cuckoo's nest, a very different way from hospitality, that of Alice in Flight. Nurse One Flew Over. In Growing Up we see how Robert Quick begins to women's roles 1930s recognize his daughters' increasing autonomy #45; the ratched over the cuckoo's, story looks forward to a room summary the idea of the nurse one flew over the cuckoo's, girls' courtship, and Down Doing the Titanic, Robert's becoming marginalized. The End of Something looks at the way love can come to an end #45; it is about the severing of a relationship. Both Chemistry and Snowdrops look at nest the last rites of passage #45; at hospitality death, and the way the living accept death and nurse one flew over the cuckoo's, get on Essay, with life. Another way to ratched over the cuckoo's nest group the stories is to in romeo decide whether they are sad, happy or a mixture. Nurse One Flew. Which is the most and which the hitler, least happy or sad?
There are different kinds of sadness #45; both the mother in Your Shoes and nurse over the cuckoo's nest, the teacher in in the 1930s, Snowdrops are sad because they have lost someone they love. But the nurse ratched over, nature of their sadness differs greatly. Can you say how? Sometimes a story begins sadly but moves to hospitality a happy ending or seems to. Nurse Ratched One Flew Over. In Flight the old man accepts his granddaughter's moving on, and Down Doing with, marrying. Nurse Ratched Over Nest. But right at the end of the story she is in century hospitality, tears? The End of ratched one flew over nest Something is about a relationship that dies #45; but is it as sad as other stories here? In some of the stories the characters or narrators accept things that happen to them. In other stories they are more defiant. Meaning. Robert, in Growing Up , is perhaps more resigned to nurse one flew over what happens than the Down Doing with the Titanic Essay, narrator of nurse over nest Chemistry . Women's Roles In The. Or is he? What do you think.
Using a grid to ratched one flew over compare the nationalism, stories. One Flew Over. You can use a grid to red room meaning organize comments on pairs of stories. Click on nurse one flew over the cuckoo's, the links below to open a grid in Down with, a new window #45; fill in the blanks with your own responses, and nurse ratched over, you can produce an how many acts in romeo outline for an essay or exam answer. If you want to use the grid with your computer, then you should use the .doc (Microsoft Word) or .rtf (rich text format) files. Ratched One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest. If you wish to print it out and and juliet, write on it, then use the nurse one flew over the cuckoo's nest, .pdf (portable document format file. Left click to open the document in a new window; right click to Down Doing with the Titanic save it to ratched one flew the cuckoo's your computer or storage media. You can always get an roman architecture idea of the kind of nurse ratched over questions that examiners set, by looking at past papers from in romeo, real exams. But you know that these questions will not be set again. Nurse Ratched One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest. So it may be better to practice with questions that might come up #45; by women's in the 1930s looking at nurse ratched over nest stories arranged in pairs by theme or subject. For example, you might think about stories that feature parents and/or their children . Century. (You can prepare to write on both #45; the question in nurse, the exam will show you where to how many acts in romeo place the ratched, main emphasis.) This example (parents and children) would work for any of summary these stories: Flight (you could look either at Alice as the child of nurse ratched one flew nest Lucy, or Lucy as her father's child) Superman and Paula Brown's New Snowsuit (the narrator and her parents; the other children and with Essay, theirs) Your Shoes (the mother as parent or as child) Growing Up (Robert and his daughters) Chemistry (the narrator and nurse one flew over nest, his parents #45; one dead and women's in the, one living) You could also write about Snowdrops , though this (parents and nurse ratched over, children) is women's roles, not really the central subject.
The End of nurse one flew the cuckoo's nest Something would not be suitable. You can make up your own questions by Metaphysics Essay using the examples discussed under the ratched one flew over the cuckoo's, heading: Putting the Stories Together. When you are taking the exam it is very important for you to acts in romeo and juliet be able to see what the examiners are asking you. They are very un likely to one flew over the cuckoo's set exactly the century, same question, using the nurse ratched one flew over nest, very same words, that this guide or your teacher gives you. But they are very likely to ask you questions that are mostly the hospitality, same #45; since the nurse over nest, questions here are based on century hospitality, what the stories are about.
The few example questions below are meant to show you the style the examiners will use in nurse ratched one flew over the cuckoo's, setting questions for you. In both Superman and with a view, Paula Brown's New Snowsuit and nest, Growing Up the roman architecture, main characters learn things about people around them. Ratched One Flew Over The Cuckoo's. Compare the things they learn, and a room summary, the ways the nurse ratched one flew the cuckoo's, writers show the characters' experiences of learning. the nationalism, things they learn; how the writers show the characters' experiences of nurse ratched learning by the ways they write about red room them; similarities and ratched over nest, differences between their experiences of learning, and how many acts in romeo, how the writers show them. Nurse Over Nest. In Flight the grandfather has to face some unpleasant truths. Meaning. Compare the ratched one flew nest, ways the grandfather and in romeo, one other character from another story in the selection have to face unpleasant truths. the truths that the nurse one flew nest, two characters have to century face; how their experiences are shown to ratched one flew over nest be unpleasant by the writers of the stories; similarities and differences between the experiences, and the ways they are shown. Compare the with Essay, attitudes of adults towards children in one flew nest, any two of the stories in the list below. the attitudes of the a room with a view summary, adults; how the writers show the attitudes of the ratched nest, adults by the ways they write about them; similarities and differences between the the Titanic Essay, attitudes in one flew the cuckoo's nest, the stories, and Metaphysics, how the ratched the cuckoo's, writers show them. Compare the ways the writers of Flight and one other story from the Anthology shape their stories to prepare readers for the endings.
Compare the ways the writers of any two of the stories in the list below show children coming to terms with growing up. Compare the roman, ways the ratched over the cuckoo's, writers of any two of the stories in the list below present the architecture, relationship between parents and nurse ratched one flew nest, children. Can I print this guide and photocopy it? This guide is century hospitality, free for individual users - for example, teachers or students working from home - in nurse the cuckoo's nest, any part of the world. You can print out the century, guide, but it is nurse ratched over, not ideal for printing and how many, photocopying, and may run to over the cuckoo's nest many more pages than you expect.
If you are working in a school or college, you may purchase a high-quality printed version optimized for multiple photocopying. The cost of the with, printed version includes permission for nurse one flew the cuckoo's nest unlimited reproduction within your institution - if you expect to century make multiple copies, this will probably save on nurse ratched over the cuckoo's, your bulk photocopying and printing costs. Nationalism. To obtain the printed guide, contact: ZigZag Education and Computing Centre Publications Greenway Business Centre Doncaster Road Bristol BS10 5PY Tel: +44 (0)117 950 3199. Click on the link to go to the ZigZag Education Web site: Please acknowledge my authorship by giving the nurse over the cuckoo's nest, URL of any pages you use, and/or include the copyright symbol.
Suggestions for in the improvement are welcome. Thank you.
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How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. A summary is telling the main ideas of the article in nurse ratched one flew over, your own words. These are the steps to writing a great summary: Read the article, one paragraph at a time. For each paragraph, underline the main idea sentence (topic sentence). If you can't underline the book, write that sentence on roman your computer or a piece of nurse ratched nest, paper. When you finish the article, read all the underlined sentences.
In your own words, write down one sentence that conveys the main idea. Start the sentence using the Doing with Essay name of the author and title of the article (see format below). Ratched One Flew Nest? Continue writing your summary by writing the other underlined sentences in your own words. Red Room? Remember that you need to change both the words of the sentence and the word order. For more information, see video below. Nurse Ratched Over Nest? Don't forget to use transition words to link your sentences together. See my list of transition words below to help you write your summary more effectively and make it more interesting to read.
Make sure you include the name of the author and article and use author tags (see list below) to let the reader know you are talking about what the author said and not your own ideas. Re-read your piece. Does it flow well? Are there too many details? Not enough? Your summary should be as short and concise as possible.
Author Tag : You need to start your summary by telling the name of the century article and the author. Here are three examples of how to do that (pay close attention to the punctuation): In “How the nurse ratched the cuckoo's nest Civil War Began, historian John Jones explains. John Jones, in his article “How the Civil War Began, says that the real reason. How the acts in romeo and juliet Civil War Began, by historian John Jones, describes. First Sentence: Along with including the article's title and author's name, the first sentence should be the main point of the article. It should answer the question: What is ratched nest, this essay about? (thesis). Example: In How the Civil War Began by John Jones, the meaning author argues that the real reason for the start of the Civil War was not slavery, as many believe, but was instead the clash of cultures and greed for cash. Rest of Summary: The rest of your essay is going to one flew nest give the reasons and evidence for that main statement.
In other words, what is the main point the writer is trying to make and what are the supporting ideas he or she uses to prove it? Does the women's roles in the 1930s author bring up any opposing ideas, and ratched one flew, if so, what does he or she do to refute them? Here is Down with, a sample sort of sentence: ___________ is the issue addressed in “( article's title) ” by nurse over the cuckoo's nest ( author's name) . The thesis of this essay is 1930s, ___________ . The author’s main claim is ___________ and his/her sub claim is ___________ . The author argues ___________ . Other people argue ___________ . Nurse Over Nest? The author refutes these ideas by saying ___________ . His/her conclusion is ___________ . How Often Do You Mention the Author? While you don't have to use an how many acts and juliet, author tag in every sentence, you need to be clear when you are giving ideas that are taken from the article, and when you are saying your own ideas. In general, you want to ratched one flew the cuckoo's be sure that you always use the author's name and the article title when you start summarizing, and that you use the red room meaning author's last name in the last sentence as well to make it clear you are still talking about the author's ideas.
In a research paper, you would then put a parenthetical citation or footnote, which tells the reader you are finished using that source. Men and Women in the cuckoo's nest, Conversation: Example response essay to Deborah Tannen's article about roman architecture how divorce can be prevented if people learn the communication signals of the opposite gender. Response Essay about Getting a Tattoo: Responds to a personal experience article from the ratched the cuckoo's New York Times about a man who gets a dragon tattoo. The Year that Changed Everything: Sample paper written by women's a college English class about an article by Lance Morrow suggesting that three lesser-known events of the cuckoo's nest, 1948 had a great impact on history. How is this written? Who is the audience? Is it effectively written for that audience? If you've done a literary analysis, you can apply what you know about analyzing literature to analyzing other texts. You will want to consider what is effective and ineffective.
You will analyze what the author does that works and what doesn't work to support the author's point and persuade the hospitality audience to agree. Sometimes, especially when you're just getting started writing, the task of fitting a huge topic into an essay may feel daunting and you may not know where to start. It may help you to use a thing called TRACE when talking about the rhetorical situation. TRACE stands for Text, Reader, Author, Context, and one flew the cuckoo's nest, Exigence: Text , Reader , and Author are easy to meaning understand. When writing the analysis, you need to think about what kind of text it is and what the nurse author wanted to have the audience think, do, or believe. The main question your analysis will answer is, How effective was the author at convincing that particular audience?
Context means several things: how the article fits into the history of century, discussion of that issue, the historical moment in over the cuckoo's nest, time when the article is written, and the moment in time when a person reads the article. In this context, Exigence is synonymous with assumptions, bias, or worldview. Breaking the large idea down into these five parts may help you get started and organize your ideas. In your paper, you'll probably want to address from three to all five of these elements. Each of the following elements can be one paragraph of Down the Titanic, your analysis. You can answer the questions to help you generate ideas for each paragraph.
To make it easier, I've included the last two TRACE elements (Context and nurse, Exigence) as part of Author and Reader. How is the essay organized? What is roles in the 1930s, effective or ineffective about the organization of the essay? How does the author try to interest the reader? How well does the author explain the ratched one flew main claims? Are these arguments logical? Do the support and century, evidence seem adequate? Is the support convincing to the reader? Does the nurse ratched the cuckoo's nest evidence actually prove the point the author is trying to make?
Who is the author? What does he or she know about this subject? What is the author's bias? Is the bias openly admitted? Does that make his or her argument more or less believable? Does the author's knowledge and background make her or him reliable for this audience?
How does the Metaphysics author try to relate to the audience and establish common ground? Is it effective? How does the author interest the audience? Does she or he make the reader want to know more? Does the author explain enough about the history of ratched over the cuckoo's nest, this argument? Is anything left out? Who is the reader? How would they react to these arguments?
How is this essay effective or ineffective for this audience? What constraints (prejudices or perspectives) would make this reader able to with Essay hear or not hear certain arguments? What is the exigence (events in this moment in one flew over nest, time which affect the need for this conversation) that makes the audience interested in this issue? Michael Critchton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves argues that we are overdoing caution and fear. Roman? See my Sample Reading Response to this essay and also check out Lisa Rayner and Don Fraizier's response. Text : Analyzing the text is very much like doing literary analysis, which many students have done before. Use all of your tools of literary analysis, including looking at the metaphors, rhythm of sentences, construction of arguments, tone, style, and nurse ratched one flew the cuckoo's nest, use of language. Example: The organization of essay title is effective/ineffective because ___________ . The essay's opening causes the reader to ___________ . The essay's style is how many in romeo and juliet, ___________ and the tone is shown by ___________ . The language used is___________ . The essay's argument is nurse one flew over nest, constructed logically/illogically by ___________. How Many Acts And Juliet? The essay is nest, organized by ___________ ( give a very brief description of the meaning structure of the essay, perhaps telling where the nest description of the red room meaning problem is, where claims are made, and where support is located—in which paragraphs—and why this is effective or ineffective in proving the point ). Author: You’ve probably also analyzed how the ratched the cuckoo's nest author’s life affects his or her writing.
You can do the century hospitality same for one flew over this sort of analysis. For example, in my sample reading the response about women's roles in the 1930s Michael Crichton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves article, students noted that the ratched over nest fact that Crichton is the author of doomsday thrillers like Andromeda Strain and Jurassic Park makes his argument that we shouldn't pay much attention to current doomsday scenarios like global warming rather ironic. If you don't know anything about the with the Titanic author, you can always do a quick Google Search to find out. Over The Cuckoo's Nest? Sample format: The author establishes his/her authority by ___________ . The author's bias is shown in of Morals, ___________ . The author assumes an audience who ___________ . Nurse Ratched The Cuckoo's Nest? He/She establishes common ground with the audience by ___________ . Reader: You can write this section by inferring who the intended reader is, as well as looking at acts and juliet, the text from the viewpoint of other sorts of readers. For example, Readers are interested in this issue because of the exigence of ___________. Constraints on the reader's reaction are ___________. I think the reader would react to nurse ratched one flew over nest this argument by century ___________.
I think that the author's ___________ is effective. ___________ is less effective because ___________ includes ___________. The support is adequate/inadequate and is relevant/irrelevant to nurse ratched one flew the cuckoo's the author’s claim. What do you think? Does this article persuade you? Generally, your response will be the end of your essay, but you may include your response throughout the in the 1930s paper as you select what to summarize and analyze. Nurse One Flew Over The Cuckoo's? Your response will also be evident to the reader by acts in romeo and juliet the tone that you use and the words you select to nurse ratched one flew over talk about the article and writer. However, your response in the conclusion will be more direct and roman architecture, specific.
It will use the information you have already provided in your summary and analysis to explain how you feel about one flew over nest this article. Most of the roles 1930s time, your response will fall into one of the nurse one flew following categories: You will agree with the author and back your agreement up with logic or personal experience. You will disagree with the author because of your experience or knowledge (although you may have sympathy with the women's roles in the author's position). You will agree with part of the author's points and disagree with others.
You will agree or disagree with the author but feel that there is a more important or different point which needs to be discussed in addition to what is in the article. How will this article fit into your own paper? How will you be able to one flew the cuckoo's nest use it? Here are some questions you can answer to hospitality help you think about your response: What is your personal reaction to the essay? What common ground do you have with the author?
How are your experiences the same or different from the author's and nurse one flew the cuckoo's nest, how has your experience influenced your view? What in century, the essay is new to you? Do you know of any information the article left out that is relevant to nurse ratched one flew over the cuckoo's the topic? What in this essay made you re-think your own view? What does this essay make you think about? What other writing, life experience, or information would help you think about architecture this article? What do you like or dislike about the essay and/or the ideas in the essay?
How much of your response is nurse ratched one flew the cuckoo's, related to your personal experience? How much is related to your own worldview? How is this feeling related to the information you know? How will this information be useful for you in writing your own essay? What position does this essay support? Or where might you use this article in your essay? You can use your answers to the questions above to architecture help you formulate your response.
Here is a sample of how you can put this together into your own essay (for more sample essays, see the links above): Before reading this article, my understanding of nurse ratched one flew over nest, this topic was ___________. Of Morals? In my own experience, I have found ___________ and nurse ratched nest, because of this, my reaction to this essay is ___________. Interestingly, I have ___________ as common ground with the author/audience . What was new to me is ___________. This essay makes me think ___________. I like/dislike ___________ in red room meaning, the essay. I will use this article in ratched one flew the cuckoo's nest, my research essay for ___________. Summary Analysis Response to Men and hospitality, Women in Conversation.
by Virginia Kearney 7. Summary, Analysis, Response Essay Example. by Virginia Kearney 0. Reading Response Sample Paper on nurse one flew Why We Crave Horror Movies by Virginia Kearney 6. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays.
by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from in romeo and juliet, United States. Hi Cathy, I tell my students that you want to include the examples you need to make your point clear, but you don't want to summarize everything. Hello, Thank you so much for your guide. Is it necessary to include the author's examples in an analytical argumentative essay? Virginia Kearney 6 weeks ago from nurse one flew over the cuckoo's, United States. Rodsy, I'm so glad that this has helped you.
I hope you will continue to use my other guides and sample papers to complete your other projects. Rodsy Karim Taseen 6 weeks ago. Thank you so much for making it easy. Now I along with my group members can complete our assignment on writing summary on different research papers, based on the filed of International Business. Thank you so much! I really appreciate the effort put into your work. How Many In Romeo And Juliet? :) this will really help me now and in future. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi, Chloe! It would depend in part what sort of assignment you've been given. Generally, in doing a summary, you do not need to nurse ratched one flew the cuckoo's put the information exactly in the same order as the original paper. The important thing in summarizing is that you actually understand the information clearly enough that you can put it into your own words.
I'm guessing that with the title, the article has a number of acts, reasons why we should allow the one flew over drugs. If the women's in the reasons can be grouped, into 3-4 types of reasons, that would be your best organization technique. For example, I can image that the reasons to allow performance enhancing drugs are probably: We can't prevent athletes from getting around the rules. We have better athletic contests if we allow drugs. We don't have the right to nurse ratched one flew tell athletes what they are doing with their own bodies. I'm not sure what your article says, but I'm guessing that you could group the reasons around a few themes and organize your summary that way. hi there, i am doing a science report on Why we should allow performance enhancing drugs in sport and the article has 12 subheadings and i am supposed to summarize all of them. What structure would i put the paragraphs in so it isn't just random information summarizing the subsections, and i have an actual format to follow?
Thank you :) Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi, Brad! You are probably needing one of my other articles if you are doing an argumentative essay. When you do an argument, you actually need to Metaphysics of Morals Essay have a main claim that you want to persuade your audience to believe. The analysis part of that sort of essay means that you evaluate the ratched one flew nest pros and cons of other ideas about meaning that claim.
I don't use the term analytical argumentative essay in my class but I do teach this same idea. I call it persuasive essay, or argument essay and nurse ratched over the cuckoo's, I have several articles that tell you how to write that sort of essay. Look at the links to the side or search for them on Letterpile using my name. Would this be considered an outline for an analytical Argumentative essay? Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi--If you are doing a summary, analysis, and response, then you do it the same as we've described here except that you would summarize the story and then analyze whether it was told effectively and finally give a response. If you are actually talking about writing a narrative paper about something that happened to you, you need to meaning see my article on nurse ratched one flew nest How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. Search for it on Letterpile or on my profile page.
cletusoe12 @gmail.com 5 months ago. How can I write a story of of Morals Essay, a personal encounter in an accident. In narrative essay. Please can you give me example? Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Hi Mimi--In the nurse ratched over response section, you can explain how you are going to use that article in your research paper. You might want to see my article on women's roles How to do an Annotated Bibliography, which also includes a sample. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States.
Glad this is helpful to you Flor. I am not currently doing online tutoring but it is nurse over the cuckoo's, interesting for you to ask this because I've been considering setting up a website with videos and some live instruction help. what a great way to Metaphysics explain you have used here. Are you interested in doing tutoring online? I would love to have the opportunity to be tutor by ratched one flew you. Hello, I am actually working on three articles and my supervisor asked to how many acts in romeo make a summary including analysis.But what I would like to know how can I show that these three articles are related to my future research paper?how can I analyze them?can you please help me? I love the nurse one flew the cuckoo's way this website gives steps and examples. Metaphysics? I love how you can distinguish all of this into your on understanding. All of this explaining is a great source for anything. You have to one flew the cuckoo's love everything about women's roles in the 1930s this site.
This is the best. Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from ratched over, United States. Hi Brianna--If you are doing a summary of an article, then I would do that first. If you are not responding to a particular article, then you should give a summary of the situation around this law and the different sides of the argument. Then pose a question which is interesting to you. Your response will be more interesting if you go beyond just the idea of whether this is meaning, good or bad.
Here are some ideas: Is this an effective strategy for nurse the cuckoo's pro-life groups to in romeo and juliet use? Does just raising the issue of nurse over nest, burial change the conversation about abortion? Should women considering abortion have to think about burying their baby? How can I come up with a theme for my response paper. I am responding to the Texas new law that requires burial for aborted fetuses. Any ideas? Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from Down with Essay, United States. Thanks for letting me know Seza!
This type of nurse ratched one flew, essay is century hospitality, not very well explained in many textbooks and that is what led me to write these instructions and ask my students to post examples. Since I've been using these instructions, I've found my students do a much better job at writing these kinds of ratched over, essays, which is important because the Down the Titanic thinking you do while writing these essays is what prepares you for nurse ratched one flew the cuckoo's nest doing good research. This post has been of great help for me and my friends. Thank you very much. Excellent lesson. It helped me with reviewing summarizing with some of my students who were still having difficulty. Roman? I especially liked the chart. However, please change adjective to adverbs.
Thanks for the information. Very good insight on one flew over analysis description. I want to how many thank you for ratched the cuckoo's nest your time and effort in helping people be all they can be. Keep up the great work. Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Thanks Singapore! I love the fact that what I write and use to teach has helped people all over the world. I'm approaching 8 million views now! Thanks from Singapore!
It's for literature :) Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Thanks Simon! I've done a lot of writing over the years and I enjoy experimenting with different styles. I like the style of your post writing. It's very rare to find something like this. This my second semester in the university and I have to write. Analysis essay I find your site very helpful for me.
Really thank you. Virginia Kearney 16 months ago from United States. Hi Ercan! Since I started writing online in 2008, I've been amazed to see people from all over the world reading my work and being helped by the information I've developed for my students at college here in of Morals Essay, the United States. Having had students from nurse the cuckoo's, many other countries in my own classroom, I know that sometimes they have not gotten much instruction from native English speakers. I am glad to be able to provide help for free to meaning improve student's written English. Ercan Oztoktay 16 months ago. Thanks so much from ratched one flew over, turkey. My first time to write a summary of roles, a 4-page research paper, this useful article really helped me, thanks :) I don't know why I should go to nurse one flew school.
This is the right place. It's helping me in my English composition 2 class.thank you. Virginia Kearney 22 months ago from United States. Hi Ed, I'm not sure what your instructor means by writing with authority. They may mean they want you to quote reliable, authoritative sources. In speech, we show authority by using declarative sentences which tell people what to do, such as, Be sure you write clear sentences using concrete adjectives and vivid adverbs. I suggest you ask your instructor for some examples of what they want you to do. Hello Professor Lynne. I have to write an essay with authority, can you advise me why type of words I can use to show my point? By the way the topic is dealing Information Technology.
Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Thanks yakul for your comment. As a writer, I know I am always learning and improving too! Matty Fernandez 2 years ago from roman architecture, Passaic, NJ. I have to turn in a summary page for Critical Thinking. You've helped me lots! Please follow me.
Christy Maria 2 years ago. I am a student in University right now and I have to write response papers so often. This article is extremely useful for nurse ratched the cuckoo's me so im going to make sure to save it and Down with, look back on it when I have my next paper due! Thankyou. Najat 2 years ago from ratched over the cuckoo's nest, Rottherdam - NL. i like your hub, great sharing, i love the instructions. greeting from Hijama. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States.
Aesta--glad to red room know this helped you. My class is structured so that my students have to plan before they write, and then get feedback from peers before re-writing. Many of them don't like that process because they want to get it all done in nurse over nest, one sitting, but after they have gone through this process for a semester, they begin to realize that stopping to organize their thoughts first often means that the writing goes much more quickly. Of Morals Essay? In the end, it takes less time! Mary Norton 2 years ago from Ontario, Canada. Enjoyed reading your hub as it is really well written and very substantial. I need to nurse one flew over the cuckoo's digest this information and century, start applying this in nurse ratched one flew nest, my work. I often just write spontaneously, no outline, and roman architecture, I organize this after. Armed with these questions to ask as I write, maybe I can really put substance into my random thoughts.
Lloyd Jenkins 3 years ago. This was great information, it will help me in my English class this semester. Organization is key in writing a good summary and response. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from nurse ratched one flew over the cuckoo's nest, United States. Organised Kaos--do you really live in Tasmania? That seems like a fairy tale place to me. Of course, as I write that, I realize that the places I've lived, Southern California, Texas and Florida may seem like fairy tale places to Down with people in other parts of the world!
Good luck on your college career. Ratched One Flew The Cuckoo's Nest? I went back to graduate school after 10 years of working and found that I enjoyed going to school so very much more than I had when I was younger. I actually enjoyed the chance to learn things. As a professor, I really enjoy having students like yourself because their life experiences make their writing much more interesting. Actually, that reminds me that last semester I had a student from red room meaning, Australia who was older because he had been a professional Rugby player for one flew several years before coming to the U.S. to go to college and play American football. The whole class enjoyed all of his experiences and Metaphysics Essay, I'm sure your classmates will enjoy yours too. Anne 3 years ago from ratched the cuckoo's, Hobart, Tasmania. Australia.(The little bit broken off the bottom of AUS)
Thanks for acts and juliet a great hub. Just about to go back to college after 20 years and ratched one flew the cuckoo's, am a little nervous about having forgotten this kinda stuff. Will be following you too as I want to Doing the Titanic be able to refer at a later date, back to nurse one flew over your instruction. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. How interesting Maddie--thanks for letting me know. My husband is a scientist and century hospitality, I love doing technology and science papers with my class in ratched over the cuckoo's nest, the second semester. I will have to think about red room doing some more topic ideas for science classes. I'm doing this for science. Anarkali Suits 4 years ago.
“Words can be like X-rays if you use them properly -- they’ll go through anything. You read and you’re pierced.” This page is a great method to connect to over others. Congratulations on a job well achieved. Century Hospitality? I am anticipating your next. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. B. Leekley--absolutely! I'm so glad that you recognized that responsive reading doesn't just have to be to texts.
Anything that provides us something to think about ratched one flew over the cuckoo's nest can be put into a responsive reading. You've reminded me that I need to add my own Hub which responded to a Harvard Study on the effect of going to 4th of July celebrations to my links. Brian Leekley 5 years ago from Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA. Thank you for this interesting and helpful hub. I have bookmarked it. I can foresee myself writing hubs that are responses to hubs that argue for a philosophical or political position. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. I'm glad! I'm just now grading my student's Summary, Analysis and Response essays and I'm so pleased that they have really understood how to century hospitality do this paper. I'm hoping my directions this semester have been clearer. Nurse The Cuckoo's Nest? We did two days of peer editing, which I think helped.
This paper is Down Doing Essay, similar to the Reading Response paper, and nurse over, both of these Hubs are are the very top in number of hits, so I think that many people have trouble on hospitality these essays and the textbooks don't always describe them well. Many thanks Virginia..you made things a lot simpler for me! Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. johnsdfd--good question. Yes--I should add that to the hub. You do a bibliographic entry in either mla or apa style at the top, then the summary/analysis/response is below. htodd 5 years ago from United States. Great post virginialynne..Thanks. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States.
Glad I helped you nico! My class is just starting on this essay now and nurse ratched one flew over the cuckoo's, so I was looking at my Hubviews and very surprised to women's roles in the 1930s find this one had over 3,000! I really published it for my own classes, but the nurse ratched one flew over the cuckoo's nest class I'm teaching now is the first one that will use it. Guess there are a lot of other people out there needing help! Virginia Kearney 6 years ago from United States. Thanks!
I think that a lot of the instructions given for red room essays really don't help you know how to organize them. I've actually learned a lot about writing by trying to nurse ratched one flew over figure out how to teach other people! Rose Clearfield 6 years ago from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Well written. I like how you break everything down. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.
HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on how many acts in romeo affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
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Food Service (Waitress Waiter) Resume Samples. Click the images to nurse ratched one flew over the cuckoo's expand the resumes to roman a larger size. We have three resumes, and detailed explanations for how to one flew nest write your own below. If you are an entry-level candidate (or have never been a waiter before), click here. If you need a food service cover letter, click here. Attention line cooks, prep cooks, chefs, and other food service workers — Don’t see your job here? Please view our full list of food service resume samples here. Click here to download.
This MS Word Food Service Resume. Food Service Resumes (Text Versions Quick Facts) Restaurant Server (Chrono) Candidate uses a Reverse-Chronological resume format, and how many acts in romeo, introduces the over the cuckoo's, resume with a strong Career Objective Candidate emphasizes 7+ years of experience, and presents hard numerical evidence to prove she are a strong salesperson Candidate emphasizes depth of how many in romeo, wine and entree knowledge to play up her competence. RESTAURANT SERVER (REVERSE-CHRONOLOGICAL)
8870 Haven Street, Bloomington, IN 44590(141)-212-5465. Food Service Worker with 7+ years of experience in food preparation and service, and nurse ratched one flew the cuckoo's nest, a certificate in Food Handling and Safety. Possesses a keen knowledge of acts and juliet, wines, entrees, and the responsibilities of a successful restaurateur. Faithfully adhere to the highest standards of hygiene, quality and customer service. Aiming to leverage my knowledge to effectively perform a management position at nurse over nest, your restaurant.
RIVERSIDE RESTAURANT Chicago, IL. Food Service Worker September 2011 – Present. Memorized restaurant’s wine stock and the meals they should accompany, leading to daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average Write patrons’ food orders on red room slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into computers for transmittal to kitchen staff in a 150+ seat restaurant Clean all work areas, equipment, utensils, dishes, and ratched one flew over nest, silverware and ensure they are stored appropriately in accordance to how many acts state law. Perform food preparation duties such as preparing salads, appetizers, and cold dishes, portioning salads, and brewing coffee in a fast-paced line kitchen. CARRABBA’S ITALIAN GRILL Chicago, IL. Trainee Food Service Worker August 2007 – July 2011. Present menus to patrons and nurse, answer questions about architecture menu items, making recommendations upon request in a 70+ seat restaurant Assisted host or hostess by nurse ratched over nest answering phones to take reservations or to-go orders, and by greeting, seating, and thanking guests Stored food in designated containers and storage areas to women's 1930s prevent spoilage and ratched one flew the cuckoo's, increase shelf life Presented wine samples for guests to taste and opened the bottles for hospitality, them upon their approval Served food and beverages to patrons, and ratched, prepared or served specialty dishes at tables as required. Certificate in Food Handling and Safety, June 2008. Bachelor of Arts Degree in Culinary Arts, June 2007. Team worker who is able to adapt in highly dynamic and changing situations. Excellent problem solving and communication skills, with a focus on acts in romeo and juliet customer service Familiarity with Point of Sale terminals Bilingual (Spanish/English)
Candidate uses a Combination resume format to emphasize achievements and skills, beginning with a Professional Profile introduction to present critical and relevant information Candidate bolds key waitressing skill keywords in the Professional Profile section, and lists her achievements after them Candidate emphasizes her ability to “upsell” customers on one flew alcoholic beverages. Three Key Server Waitress Skills: 1. Salesmanship: Ability to convince customers to make extra purchases by persuasively presenting entree wine pairings, selling desserts, and convincing patrons to Doing with return to ratched one flew over the establishment. 2. Communication: Ability to host, entertain, small talk, and speak fluidly in front of strangers at length. Ability to work together with other food service workers as a team, often working in pairs for bigger tables. Ability to keep a cool head when dealing with irate customers.
3. Down The Titanic Essay! Management: Ability to ratched over teach new hosts and waiters how to present menu items, how to use Point of Down Doing with the Titanic, Sale (POS) Terminals, and test trainees for memorization of food ingredients. Project Execution: Implemented new menu introduction strategies, increasing customer purchases of wine by 10% on average Management: Assisted in nurse over nest the training of 6 new waiters, ensuring attention to architecture detail and comprehensive understanding of restaurant methodology and nurse over the cuckoo's nest, practices Awards and Down, Recognition: Frequently praised for excellent service on nurse ratched one flew restaurant online rating system Salesmanship: Deep and broad knowledge of wines and Essay, appropriate entree pairings Communication: Fluent in English and Spanish – Excellent verbal and written skills. Familiarity with Point of Sale (POS) and common restaurant machinery Able to memorize entire menu within a day, including ingredient combinations Proven ability to ratched over the cuckoo's nest “upsell” alcohol, dessert, and appetizers to roman customers Bilingual Spanish and English. Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2012 – Present. Memorized restaurant’s wine stock and appropriate entree pairings, leading to nurse one flew the cuckoo's daily wine sales averaging $180, fully 15% higher than company average Wrote patron’s food orders on slips, memorized orders, and managed food resources in a 120+ seat restaurant Operated POS terminals to input customer orders, swipe credit cards, and enter cash amounts received Received in-depth training for proper food handing techniques, including proper freezer placement, appropriate soup temperatures, and acts, equipment cleaning processes. Hostess Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2010 – 2012. Awarded “Employee of the Month” two months consecutively Bussed tables, presented menus, seated customers, and assisted waiters with drink orders Trained 3 new hosts in providing excellent customer service and conflict resolution techniques. Florida State University, Orlando, FL. Bachelor of nurse one flew, Arts in English, May 2008.
Three Transferable Skills for Food Service: 1. Customer Interactivity: If you have ever had any experience dealing with customers (whether you were scooping ice cream, greeting people at a front desk, operating a ticket booth, etc.), this type of experience is transferable into any other customer service job. 2. Technical: Have you ever swiped a credit card, operated a Point of Sale (POS) Terminal, or re-stocked receipt paper? All of these skills are transferable into food service. 3. Communication: Bilingual ability, especially Spanish, will help your food service career chances significantly. If you’ve ever had a job where you’ve had to speak in front of other people, that kind of communication ability is considered transferable. 534 Shelby Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 24542 * (433) 623-6234 * [emailprotected] Superior salesmanship skills, consistently outperforming company peers Friendly, outgoing, and charismatic personality well suited for a fast paced, customer service oriented restaurant Experience with Point of red room meaning, Sale (POS) Terminals, with excellent basic math skills Working knowledge of wines, cocktail mixes, and ratched one flew over, other bartending skills Conversational in Spanish.
Awarded “Employee of the Month” for consistently making achieving 15% above target sales Perfected menu presentation skills, providing customers a holistic understanding of the in romeo, restaurant offerings, leading to more sales Trained 4 underperforming waiters in salesmanship methodology, increasing their sales to meet company average. Experience with 3 types of POS Terminals, receipt roll replacement, and coffee machine cleaning Familiarity with common restaurant bread cutting machines, dishwashers, and knowledge of equipment cleaning processes Excellent basic math skills, able to calculate and split bills in the event of POS Terminal downtime. Consistently scored over 90% satisfaction rating on customer feedback surveys Conversational in Spanish (able to ratched the cuckoo's take orders from how many and juliet Spanish speaking customers.) Possess excellent conflict resolution skills in the event of customer dissatisfaction. University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Bachelor of Science in Marketing, May 2005. 4 Steps to nurse one flew over nest Writing the Ultimate Server Resume. “Food service” encompasses many different roles within a restaurant, cafeteria, or other food service establishment, such as waiters and servers, line cooks, bartenders, hosts and hostesses, and busboys. A waiter takes orders from a happy couple. These roles fall into what are called the “front end” (customer service) and the “back end” (food preparation) of the establishments.
This resume is women's relevant to those of nurse one flew over, you with “front end” server experience. We will teach you why this is an excellent resume, and of Morals Essay, how you can write your own in the cuckoo's a similar fashion. As a professional food service worker, you may currently be writing your resume in order to: Find a new working environment Earn more money Attain a managerial role. Read this resume writing guide to ensure you achieve your goals.
By the roman architecture, way be sure to read our Resume Writing 10 Commandments to understand the major rules that all resumes need to follow, including server resumes. If this seems difficult, you can always create a food service resume in minutes with our widely praised resume maker. 1. Include These Key Server, Waitress, and one flew over, Waiter Skills. For some quick help, here are the key aspects you need to include on a server resume. Meaning! Restaurant hiring managers will be looking for these specific traits to decide if you’re a worthwhile candidate. Be sure to include these key server skills on your resume. Keep in mind that if you have any food service certifications, such as a Certification in nurse one flew the cuckoo's Food Handling and Safety, you should place it at the top of in romeo, your resume.
If you don’t have any, you can land more interviews and nurse one flew the cuckoo's nest, potentially increase your salary by earning one. The National Restaurant Association offers certifications here. 2. Write a Convincing Career Objective. The first major section of your resume is called the with the Titanic, Career Objective. This applicant’s Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for an interview because she included relevant information throughout the objective. There are four reasons this example has a strong Career Objective. Pay particular attention to the bolded parts: 1st: It immediately states years of experience: 7+ years of experience in food preparation and service…
2nd: It indicates earned titles or certificates: Certificate in Food Handling and ratched over the cuckoo's nest, Safety. 3rd: It emphasizes deep knowledge of the Metaphysics of Morals, business: Keen knowledge of wines, entrees , and the responsibilities of a successful restauranteur. 4th: It states the nurse ratched one flew over the cuckoo's nest, position she wants to fill: “Aiming to…effectively perform a management position at your restaurant. “ In the eyes of a hiring manager, this applicant’s Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for an interview because she included great resume builders throughout the objective. It is also well written, and targeted at the managerial role she wants to fill.
Good news! Food service manager roles are projected to increase by Down with 11% through 2022. It’s very important to remember that the ratched one flew over the cuckoo's nest, Career Objective does not relate to century what YOU want from the job, but rather what you can do for nurse over the cuckoo's, the company . Century! In this way, the applicant makes a convincing argument that she’d be an asset to over nest the company in a managerial role. Our step by step Career Objective writing guide can give you concrete ideas about how to write your own. 3. Describe your Server Experience with Numbers. Adding numbers to Down Doing with Essay your job description bullet points will help the hiring manager grasp the ratched nest, size and meaning, scope of your responsibilities, and over, give them a clearer mental picture of your experience. By quantifying your resume, it will immediately become better than the vast majority of your competition. The easiest way to century do this is to simply write how big your food establishment is, and the cuckoo's nest, how many seats it has. The applicant does this twice for the two establishments she worked in, as you can see from the women's in the 1930s, bolded text below: Write patrons’ food orders on slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into ratched one flew nest computers for transmittal to meaning kitchen staff in a 150+ seat restaurant Present menus to patrons and answer questions about menu items, making recommendations upon over the cuckoo's, request in a 70+ seat restaurant. Even by making this simple addition, your resume will immediately be better than the vast majority of your competition.
If you really want to blow away the hiring manager, you’ll need to do more complex research, like this example: Memorized restaurant’s wine stock and architecture, the meals they should accompany, leading to daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average. Do you know how much you make in sales daily or monthly? You can expect to make an average of $47,960 per years as a Food Service Manager. Most restaurants — especially big chains — will track their servers’ sales statistics for the purposes of budgeting (and, of nurse ratched one flew, course, to Down with Essay cajole low performers). Ratched The Cuckoo's Nest! You can ask your manager to see these statistics, and include them on your resume. Even if you didn’t perform spectacularly (like the applicant), simply including this information in your resume will indicate to meaning the hiring manager that you are self-motivated and hard working. Over The Cuckoo's Nest! This is Essay called writing an “achievement oriented” resume — and these tend to land the most interviews. Bonus: Action Verbs for Your Server Resume.
4. Include Relevant Additional Skills. Your Additional Skills section should not list your hobbies and interests, unless they are relevant to nurse ratched one flew the cuckoo's the job. Being bilingual in Spanish and English is a valuable asset to have, especially for a managerial position. (For instance, a wine connoisseur would be a valuable asset to a restaurant that sells wine.) Since you are a professional food service worker, regardless if you are crafting a server resume or one seeking a more supervisory role, you should definitely include these bullet points in Down with the Titanic your Additional Skills section to build a stronger resume: Familiarity with Point of Sale terminals Problem solving and communication skills. If you also happen to be bilingual in Spanish and English, that also tends to be a valuable asset to over the cuckoo's nest have in a US based restaurant — especially for a managerial position. Candidate emphasizes having a Certification in Food Handling and architecture, Safety Candidate places Education Section first due to having recent school experience Candidate mentions her high customer satisfaction rating.
Getting the nurse one flew over the cuckoo's, Education Section Right. All entry-level candidate resume must begin with the education section. Although this candidate has had prior work experience, it was as a trainee, or as a part-time worker. The most important reason the applicant is considered entry-level is because she just recently graduated from community college . This applicant has educational experience related to food service (Certificate in Food Handling and Safety, BA in Food Science). In Romeo! Understandably, you may not — and nurse ratched, that’s fine. If you have no experience whatsoever, you’ll need to write a very convincing cover letter that the employer should take a chance on you.
The education section on an entry-level resume can be more detailed and Down Doing with Essay, whimsical than a professional resume , because it’s likely that you don’t have prior work experience. One Flew The Cuckoo's Nest! The hiring manager will be interested to know if you are generally an active person or not. Century Hospitality! Therefore, you can include information about: Clubs you’ve joined Greek life you participate in nurse ratched over the cuckoo's Relevant coursework GPA (if above 3.5/4.0) Other Good Food Service Industry Samples. Waiter – Newjobs.com (Note: One of the few decent resume samples in this industry on the net.
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How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to roles in the 1930s download one, but be sure to ratched the cuckoo's nest make small modifications to red room unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for nurse ratched one flew over, a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job.
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Analysis of #8220;The River-Merchant#8217;s Wife: A Letter,#8221; by Ezra Pound Essay Sample. #8220;The River-Merchant#8217;s Wife: A Letter,#8221; by Ezra Pound is not only a letter from a woman to her husband, but is also a narrative of a young woman#8217;s sex life. It tells of a river merchant#8217;s wife#8217;s feelings on sex throughout her life and marriage. It also shows how her views change with time and circumstances. The poem starts with her early childhood, and then goes quickly into one flew the cuckoo's marriage, and Doing the Titanic ends when her husband has to one flew the cuckoo's go away on business. Never once does the poem mention love, but it does elude to the fact that sex is the Titanic better when some feeling is involved. Line one and nurse over nest two of the first stanza state, #8220;While my hair was still cut straight across my forehead / I played about the century front gate, pulling flowers#8221; (1-2).
The straight bangs and flowers are representing the youth, innocence, and purity of the still single narrator. The narrator also views the rest of the world and her husband-to-be through this innocence: #8220;You came by on bamboo stilts, playing horse, / You walked about my seat, playing with blue plums#8221; (3-4). These lines seem to nurse ratched one flew over paint a picture of a very carefree childhood and a detachment from the ways of the architecture world. The narrator shows no feelings of love, lust, or even moderate attraction to the boy other than the innocent and over the cuckoo's simple companionship of childhood when she goes on to say, #8220;And we went on living in the village of Chokan: / Two small people, without dislike or suspicion#8221; (5-6). It is apparent that the narrator is Down Doing happy with her own microcosm. Her innocence prevents her from ratched one flew nest, thinking that anything exists outside of Down, her world of nurse one flew over the cuckoo's, flowers and blue plums. In her world sex does not even exist. The breech of her innocence comes soon in the second stanza: #8220;At fourteen I married My Lord you#8221; (7). Once again there is no mention of love, and in this time period her mate was probably chosen for her. Additionally, the usage of #8220;My Lord you#8221; connotes undesirable obligations to her husband, such as sex, which until previously, did not even exist.
Being only fourteen in the early 1900s and coming from her own oblivious world, it is safe to assume that sex was still taboo to the river merchant#8217;s young wife. The poem expresses that taking part in the act of sex was embarrassing to red room her: #8220;I never laughed, being bashful#8221; (8). The next two lines of the poem also deal with her embarrassment, #8220;Lowering my head, I looked at the wall. / Called to, a thousand times, I never looked back#8221; (9-10). Here she admits that she could not even look at her husband during sex, nor answer his cries of pleasure. Nurse Ratched One Flew Nest. The third stanza begins a year after her marriage, and sex is becoming more tolerable: #8220;At fifteen I stopped scowling#8221; (11). It seems that she is roman actually starting to the cuckoo's enjoy sex when she says, #8220;I desired my dust to me mingled with yours / Forever and forever and forever#8221; (12-13).#8221;Forever and forever and women's roles 1930s forever#8221; clearly shows that she has developed a fondness for nurse one flew the cuckoo's her husband, his sex, or both, which could possibly be love. According to the poem, she developed these affections at the same time, suggesting sex and love are relative and century can be improved with time. The poem again indicates a change in her attitude towards sex when she says, #8220;Why should I climb the look out?#8221; (14). This line indicates that she feels that she should not be doing all the work. She might as well enjoy sex since it is going to the cuckoo's happen to her anyway.
A year later, the narrator#8217;s husband leaves on Down Doing Essay business. The fourth stanza tells of her husband#8217;s leaving: #8220;At sixteen you departed, / You went into far Ku-to-yen, by the river of one flew the cuckoo's, swirling eddies#8221; (15-16). How Many And Juliet. The tone of the next line, #8220;And you have been gone five months#8221; (17), points to some sorrow on the part of the nurse one flew over nest speaker. She really does have feelings for her husband now, whether they be physical or emotional, and misses him. The next line, #8220;The monkeys make sorrowful noise overhead#8221; (18), supports this idea. In the fifth stanza, she continues on the same theme of architecture, missing her husband, but for the first time the poem also speaks a little of the river merchant#8217;s feelings: #8220;You dragged your feet when you went out#8221; (19). Her speaking of ratched one flew over, her husband#8217;s feelings shows more of an intimate connection to him.
The poem goes back to Down Doing with Essay sex in the next few lines, #8220;By the gate now, the moss is one flew nest grown, the different mosses, / To deep to clear them away!#8221; (20-21). She is roles basically saying that her womanhood has not been touched in quite some time. The river merchant#8217;s wife is not pleased with this, and is scared that her time is running out: #8220;The leaves fall early this autumn, in nurse ratched one flew over nest, wind#8221; (22). This literally states that autumn is already starting, but the picture of the leaves falling seems almost foreboding. When she starts talking of butterflies and childish things again, #8220;The paired butterflies are already yellow with August / Over the Metaphysics of Morals grass in the West garden;#8221; (23-24), it seems as though the ratched over the cuckoo's river merchant#8217;s wife is Doing with the Titanic returning to her previous, innocent ways. The next line throws an ironic curve however, when she says, #8220;They hurt me.
I grow older#8221; (25), totally rebuking the purity of summer previously suggested. Ratched One Flew The Cuckoo's Nest. There is only one explanation for a woman claiming to be hurt by butterflies: she is sex-starved, and she is afraid of the fact that she is getting old too old for good sex. Pound#8217;s poem, a seemingly innocent letter from a wife to her husband, is nothing but a good old-fashioned bootie call. At the beginning of the poem, the narrator is an innocent girl playing in the daisies who does not even know what sex is. By the end of the poem she is hospitality a sex-starved, bitter woman who hates butterflies. Nurse Ratched. She goes through a complete in only three years. The last four lines of the poem make it all too clear: If you are coming down through the narrows of the river Kiang, Please let me know beforehand, And I will come out to meet you. Red Room. As far as Cho-fu-Sa. (26-29) She would go all the way to Cho-fu-Sa to get a little bootie. Is this the nurse over the cuckoo's perfect essay for you? Save time and order Analysis of hospitality, #8220;The River-Merchant#8217;s Wife: A Letter,#8221; by Ezra Pound. essay editing for nurse one flew over only $13.9 per page.
Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Analysis of #8220;The River-Merchant#8217;s Wife: A Letter,#8221; by Ezra Pound. Hospitality. Modernism was a complex movement, including many unique and varied features in its odd period of development in European and American writers. Broadly and retrospectively, four features were common; experimentation,#8230; Comparison of translations of #8221;The Seafarer#8221; by Burton Raffel and over the cuckoo's nest Ezra Pound. Promt: Compare the two versions of The Seafarer by Raffel and Pound and give reasoning for why one is a better translation, in terms of women's in the, preserving the Anglo-Saxon poetic tradition#8230; The attitudes of Christian and nurse one flew over the cuckoo's Islamic people toward merchants. The attitudes of Christian and Islamic people toward merchants and trade from religions#8217; origins until about 1500-show change over time. At first Christians were against merchants and trade and the#8230; The Other Wife Analysis.
The Other Wife is a short story written by Doing the Titanic, Sidonie Gabrielle Colette. Colette is credited for challenging rigid attitudes and assumptions about nurse ratched one flew the cuckoo's nest, gender roles. “The Other Wife” is about a#8230; Bowery Blues Analysis. Bowery Blues Analysis Today’s society doesn’t look at how easy and chill was the past and the people don’t have an interest on how the life is anymore. Kerouac’s message#8230; Analysis of #8220;We Wear the Mask#8221; by Paul Laurence Dunbar. #8220;We Wear the Mask#8221; by Paul Laurence Dunbar was first published in red room, 1896, a time when African-Americans, like Paul Laurence Dunbar, had very little rights. This poem deals directly with#8230;
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Nov 21, 2017 Nurse ratched one flew over the cuckoo's nest,
Essay on “Child Sex Tourism in Developing Countries” While it might not seem that way in the United States, or in nurse the cuckoo's nest, other developed nations, child prostitution is a significant issue around the world , and it still manages to exist under the radar of public health authorities. Each year, as many as a million children are coerced into of Morals, prostitution; the total number of ratched one flew children in prostitution at one time could be as high as 10 million. Roles 1930s. Because of the privation that these children face, there is not enough data about the over, health problems that these children face – but the maladies include forced pregnancy, substance abuse, violence, mental illness, and infectious diseases. Just like any other form of child abuse, child prostitution not only leads to death for far too many, but it also takes away their dignity and their basic rights. The purpose of this research is to acts and juliet, analyze existing literature on child prostitution, particularly with regard to health issues as well as best practices in the tourism industry, and emerge with recommendations to help promote sustainable tourism in developing nations without resorting to the use of child prostitutes. The Cuckoo's Nest. The need for finding a way to prevent child prostitution from happening should be a global priority. There are several empirical models that have already been identified for tourism industries to follow in different nations, and this paper will call for the use of roles those models in practice, as tourism companies and nurse one flew government agencies have the ability to institute these professional practices and public policies, as long as they can eliminate some of the barriers that may yet be in place. The primary frame for this discussion is the context of maintaining social responsibility on the corporate level – while also maintaining sustainable tourism industries.
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child defined a child as anyone who is not yet 18 years old; child prostitution consists of forcing a child to century, carry out sexual acts for financial or other forms of compensation, or even offering the nurse one flew over nest, use of a child for red room, sexual services. It differs from other forms of child sexual abuse because of the commercial aspect; however, because children cannot legally consent (or intellectually consent) to those activities, it is nurse one flew over also quite similar to other forms of women's roles in the 1930s abuse. Currently, both boys and girls (UNICEF 1997, 36) are prostituted at different places on ratched the globe, starting as young as ten years old (ECPAT 2001). The majority of these children are prostituted by Down Doing the Titanic Essay local pimps, but there are also foreign tourists and pedophiles who exploit them as well. Many of these children will service five to ten customers each day. The number of children is up for debate, particularly in developing nations, but research indicates that there could be as many as 10 million children trapped in prostitution worldwide (UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and nurse ratched one flew over the cuckoo's the Pacific, 2000). It is difficult to get an accurate count, because the people controlling them keep them in hiding and red room meaning move them frequently (United Nations, 1996). The fact that organized crime is often bankrolling this practice makes it even more difficult to nurse ratched the cuckoo's nest, find them. There are a number of social, economic and cultural factors that contribute to how many and juliet, the growth of child prostitution. Poverty is the main factor, but gender discrimination and nurse ratched over the cuckoo's nest low levels of education also play a role (United Nations, 1996).
There are communities in the world that condone prostitution and roman do not enforce the nurse ratched one flew the cuckoo's, laws proscribing child prostitution (if those laws exist). There are also communities in which the male clients do not think that children will pass on HIV or other STD’s as easily as adults will (United Nations, 1996). Also, sex workers who have children end up seeing those children being prostituted as well (Deisher et al. 1989, 1163). In Romeo. Likely targets for pimps include children who have been abandoned or who have run away from home. Girls are often lured or even kidnapped and one flew nest then compelled to roles in the, prostitute themselves. International sex tourism has become a major cause for child prostitution in some countries (Focal Point against nurse ratched Sexual Exploitation of Children, 2001). As one might expect, different countries with child prostitution tend to Down Doing, have different causes for children ending up in that position.
In Nepal, for nurse one flew the cuckoo's nest, example, the the Titanic Essay, cause is usually poverty (Poude 1994, 10); in Nigeria, though, child prostitutes usually fled their homes because they were being abused there (Adedoyin and Adegoke 1995, 28). Thailand is one of the nations in which child prostitution is art of the sex tourism trade (Silbert and Pines 1981, 408). Nurse Ratched Nest. The common thread, though, is that child prostitution brings in money. Overall, the sex industry around the world brings in an estimated $20 billion – $5 billion alone coming from child prostitution (Lim 1998). Meaning. Indeed, children in prostitution often have to send money home to ratched over the cuckoo's, support their families. Down Doing The Titanic Essay. Socioeconomic structures in countries where this is ratched over taking place must take this issue into how many acts in romeo and juliet, account, so that other children simply do not end up being shoved into sex labor. The vast majority of reports into child prostitution include acknowledgment of the health problems that can arise. However, because of the difficulty of even finding child prostitutes, there is little in the way of reliable data on mortality and the cuckoo's nest morbidity.
Sometimes, the studies are done and with the Titanic Essay then discarded; those studies that do make it to publication are not easy to find, and often they focus on qualitative health data instead of quantitative information. The funding for major quantitative studies is difficult to find; again, this is not a problem that is registering in nurse one flew over nest, a significant way on roman the world’s radar. However, there have been some significant quantitative studies that serve as a starting point for ratched one flew the cuckoo's, this discussion. One example was the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) study of 176 children who were in prostitution in six countries. Rates of HIV infection varied from 5 percent in Vietnam to 17 percent in Thailand (Economic and women's 1930s Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, 2000). However, a different report studying children who had been rescued from brothels throughout southeast Asia found that 50 to 90 percent were infected with HIV (WCACSEC, 1996). Obviously, there are a number of ratched one flew over nest factors at work in these cases, including existing levels of HIV infection, as well as access to and use of condoms. There are some communities in which the total population of sex workers has an HIV infection rate of as high as 86 percent – adult and children combined (UNAIDS, 2000). Every time an adolescent girl has unprotected sex with an Down Doing the Titanic Essay infected partner, she has a 1 percent chance of getting HIV (Alan Guttmacher Institute 1999).
However, if those children already have an STD that has created genital ulcers, that percentage jumps to 4 percent (WHO 2000). With as many as ten clients a day, it will not take long for those long odds to become a reality. One Flew The Cuckoo's Nest. Once HIV infection sets in, the century, risk of contracting active tuberculosis also spikes (Willis and Levy, 2002, 1418). With regard to other STD’s, the numbers are even more grim. Within the ESCAP study, STD rates among prostituted children ranged from 36 percent in Cambodia to 78 percent in China (Economic and nurse ratched nest Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, 2000). If one compares this to red room, the 5 percent incidence of the cuckoo's nest STD’s in adolescents worldwide, these numbers are staggering. The numbers as far as pregnancy are also eye-opening. Any sexually active adolescent who does not utilize contraceptives has a 90 percent chance of red room pregnancy within a year. Many of the girls forced into prostitution do not have contraceptives, and so they are almost guaranteed to become pregnancy.
Because of substandard medical care, these girls also fall into the risk of complications in pregnancy – including mortality. According to the ESCAP study, 66 percent of the girls who became pregnant while prostituted sought abortions (Economic and Social Commission for nest, Asia and the Pacific, 2000). On a worldwide level, between 1 and 4.4 million abortions are performed on adolescents each year – many of them using unsafe practices. For child prostitutes, these procedures bring a significant risk of injury and death. Nearly 13 percent of red room meaning all the maternal deaths worldwide each year are a result of unsafe abortions (Willis and Levy, 2002, 1419). Of course, there are many other harmful outcomes for child prostitutes. A study of 475 sex workers in five countries found that two-thirds of them fit the criteria for a diagnosis of PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) (Farley et al. 1998, 407). This is the same malady that makes it so difficult for nurse ratched over the cuckoo's nest, soldiers returning home from war to reintegrate themselves into society. Substance abuse takes place at almost a 100 percent rate in many communities among all sex workers, not just children (Carr et al.
1996, 491). Down With. This leads to a risk not only of overdose but infection with any number of bloodborne pathogens, not to mention permanent organ damage and nurse ratched one flew over cancer. In The. Many child prostitutes suffer violence at the hands of clients, pimps, police – and even those with whom they have intimate relationships. That study with 475 sex workers found that 73 percent had been physically assaulted while working on the job, and one flew over the cuckoo's 62 percent had been raped since becoming a prostitute (Farley et al. Century. 1998, 411). For children, these experiences can be deadly. In 1987, the Brundtland Commission presented the idea of sustainable development as “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the one flew over nest, ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (WCED, 1987).
However, the notion of sustainable tourism did not appear for ten more years. In 1997, Agenda 21 for the Travel and Tourism Industry appeared, composed by the World Tourism Organization, the Down, Earth Council, and the World Travel and Tourism Council. Over The Cuckoo's. There were several reasons for the delay in developing these ideas specific to the tourism industry, such as the wide variety of tourist activities around the world (WTO, 2001). The primary research into sustainable tourism has focused on red room the social, cultural, ecological and economic impacts of tourism (Cooper et al, 1998; Fennell, 1999; Mason, 2003; Ryan, 2003; Swarbrooke, 1999), until recently. The most current research now focuses on globalization and ratched one flew over the cuckoo's nest tourism (Bianchi, 2007; Dodds and Joppe, 2005). Women's In The 1930s. Because of a wave of over nest neo-liberal governments coming into power and driving economic philosophy, the questions of the responsibility for business to push sustainable development have come to the forefront, and so corporate social responsibility (CSR) and business ethics have also entered the realm of study (Tepelus 2008, 100). At its most basic, CSR has to do with businesses adopting and implementing standards that are conscious of the environment, ethical and socially responsible (Tepelus 2008, 100). The European Commission (2001) defined CSR as “a concept whereby companies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business operations and in their interaction with their stakeholders on a voluntary basis”(European Commission 2001, 8).
There were four relevant elements to this: covering social and environmental issues; integration with operational strategies; remaining a voluntary condition; and century hospitality interacting with stakeholders inside and outside the company (Tepelus 2008, 100). Tourism has been one of the last industries to adopt CSR practices (World Bank and International Finance Corporation 2003). Even with the one flew the cuckoo's, adoption of CSR practices, though, many industries (including tourism) have focused on Metaphysics of Morals matters of environmental remediation and stayed away from questions regarding labor and one flew over the cuckoo's nest human rights (Epler-Wood and Leray, 2005). Fennell (2006) has argued that there is an “immense void in Metaphysics of Morals Essay, ethics” (xiii) that has kept tourism from following other industries into ratched one flew over, the areas covered by architecture CSR, and has also argued that ethics in tourism could well “emerge as the ratched one flew the cuckoo's, next main research platform”(358) in this particular field. While it would be nice to study ethics, of course, the free market is certainly not pushing for a moral overhaul of the tourism industry. Both the industry and the consumer are motivated by price: as Brackenbury (2003) noted, “price competition and its consequences of productivity improvement, and not product innovation, has occupied the minds of senior managers in this sector over the past ten years” (8). In other words, when there is a financial return on 1930s investment, the tourism industry will get involved; when it is nurse ratched one flew not, there will not be innovation (Weiermair 2005). And so the likelihood of an industry-spurred drive to eradicate sex tourism seems like a murky prospect at best, at least under the current paradigm. However, the lack of ethical concern in Down, the industry has made sex trafficking and child sex tourism a widespread practice (Payne and Dimanche, 1996).
After all, sex tourism came about over nest as a legitimate sector of the industry in acts and juliet, the 1970’s (Tepelus 2008, 102). As a result, there have been some studies on child sex tourism – just as a part of industry research (O’Connell Davidson, 2004; Garrick, 2005; Cabezas, 2004) covering everything from similarities between child sex tourism and adult sex tourism, rationalizations that tourists give for engaging child prostitutes, and even classifying child sex tourists by citizenship. While there is child sex tourism going on all over the world, Asia is currently the epicenter. Over Nest. The Philippines have a reported 60,000 child prostitutes; there are over 400,000 in India and over 800,000 in Thailand. Down Doing The Titanic. The vast majority are girls who are younger than 16; however, in Sri Lanka, most of the 20,000 child prostitutes are boys (Glover, 2006). However, as has been already noted, the tourists are not the one flew over nest, only ones to Down Doing with the Titanic Essay, blame, as there is a specific set of cultural conditions that have to be in place for ratched over the cuckoo's, child prostitution to be condoned. In Thailand, for example, 3 out of 4 men are estimated to have had sex with a prostitute (Sachs, 1994).
Small wonder, then, that there should be such a vast supply of child prostitutes. The problem is women's 1930s global – and it is nurse ratched one flew the cuckoo's nest deeply entrenched in certain corners of the planet. There are already innovations that have been suggested by public and private entities to find ways to red room, eradicate the child sex tourism industry, while maintaining sustainable tourism even in nurse one flew over the cuckoo's, countries that base a good deal of their tourism income on foreigners entering the Metaphysics of Morals Essay, country on nurse over nest a sexual vacation. My research objectives are as follows: Identify existing ideas for innovation that could lead to the reduction and removal of child sex tourism from common practice in developing nations Identify barriers to Down Doing the Titanic, the implementation of those innovation Compare and contrast the various ideas for innovation and appraise the ones that are most likely to be effective, based on nurse nest the cultural contexts involved Develop a series of recommendations for public and private entities based on the research. My research will be primarily qualitative in nature. The quantitative documentation about the problems that lead to of Morals Essay, child sex trafficking and tourism in developing countries is fairly exhaustive, based on both private studies and research carried out by governmental and intergovernmental agencies. Nurse One Flew The Cuckoo's Nest. Learning more about the specifics of in romeo and juliet sexually transmitted diseases and the average of child prostitutes will not contribute significantly to the existing body of knowledge on the topic; for ratched over the cuckoo's, this reason, my focus will be primarily on ways to implement and improve existing suggestions for innovation within the tourist industry and within public policy. The methods I will use will include researching and comparing the various suggested innovations with an century hospitality eye toward matching them with culturally amenable contexts.
There are some alternative methodologies that could be used, and could also contribute to nurse nest, the body of knowledge on this subject. Women's Roles In The. For example, these three methodologies would also be quite useful: Conducting a quantitative attitudinal study of adult males in the countries in which child sex tourism and child prostitution are the most widespread Performing a longitudinal study on the economic indicators of countries that depend heavily on nest child sex tourism for industry income Conducting a quantitative attitudinal study of sex tourists who visit one (or several) of the countries in which child sex tourism is most widespread. The benefit of the and juliet, first alternative study would be helpful in identifying cultural attitudes in specific countries toward child prostitution. As one study mentioned in the literature review found, Thai men are extremely unlikely to speak out against prostitution, as 3 out of every 4 Thai men were found to nurse ratched one flew over, have had sex with a prostitute.
In a country like that, prostitution would bring little outrage, if any, among those in position to make changes in public policy. Child prostitution would be less likely to inspire a similar outrage in a country in which prostitution is in romeo so common, because sexual partners would be more likely to be viewed as things to use or consume, rather than people. The second alternative study would be of interest based on the definition of sustainable development mentioned near the beginning of this paper – development that sustains a country today without sacrificing its ability to provide for itself in the future. The children who enter prostitution either end up dead or damaged dramatically in terms of health, emotional stability, and mental status. The possibility that, once these children are no longer viable sex workers, they would then head into other sectors of the economy and become productive citizens is remote at best. This longitudinal study would analyze the effects of the loss of so much of the working-age population. The third alternative study would bring some intriguing results – provided that enough sex tourists could be found to answer, and provided that they gave accurate answers. After all, if someone is ratched over going to travel to another country for a sexual vacation, it is meaning likely that the topic is nurse one flew nest not one that he (or she) would be squeamish about discussing on an anonymous basis with a researcher. Finding out the how many, motivations that lead one to travel abroad for sexual activity would be of some interest, but a greater area of contribution to this study would be to learn the attitudes of sex tourists (who are more likely to feel a sense of nurse ratched over liberation than the general population in sexual matters) about child sex tourism. At what age should sex be legal? What should the consequences be for red room, child prostitution – for the purveyors who provide children to clients?
Those answers would be of interest, more from a sociology perspective. A degree of outrage from those who use the sex tourism industry, though, might spur entities within the countries that depend so heavily on sex tourism to make changes. Obviously, in over the cuckoo's, a highly qualitative study like the one I propose, there is century little in the way of analysis – at least in the statistical kind. Instead, the discussion will focus on finding existing methods of innovation and identifying barriers – and one flew the cuckoo's recommending ways to overcome those barriers. While this might seem to be covering some existing ground instead of being innovative, it is clear that the roman, barriers have not yet been overcome as a result of the research that is already out there. Because of the epidemic that child sex tourism continues to comprise, it is necessary for research to take place that will persuade those who are in positions of ratched over the cuckoo's authority, both in meaning, the industry and within halls of government, to find a different way to nurse nest, bring in tourists and how many acts in romeo their cash. Researching Innovations to Eliminate Child Sex Tourism. As has already been mentioned in this study, there is not much existing knowledge about child sex tourism and one flew nest trafficking, and there has been minimal research done on how many acts and juliet the connections between sustainability and CSR and this touchy subject.
Because tourism changes quickly, and because sex crimes take on such a volatile hue, any research that has been done can become dated quickly. However, there have been some innovations taken on by public and private entities to prevent and even end sex tourism for children and nurse one flew the cuckoo's nest trafficking. Some of these innovations have been steps taken to match laws – not just national law but also legislation that covers behaviors outside annexed territories. The first step seems to how many acts, have been finding ways to build awareness within the tourism industry about the ways it could keep children from being sexually exploited; subsequent steps have been to give tourism businesses the wherewithal to exercise that ability, to find alternative socioeconomic opportunities for the children who are at nurse ratched one flew most risk for coercion into prostitution, to build awareness among the public at large, and to architecture, generate incentives to turn in child sex tourists and traffickers. Innovation Models from Nongovernmental Organizations. ChildWise is an organization that is focuses on eradicating child sex tourism in ratched one flew over nest, international destinations where Australians travel. ChildWise is the Australian wing of red room ECPAT International, which is a consortium dedicated to the elimination of the commercial sexual exploitation of children.
Founded in Thailand in 1962, ECPAT now has offices in 63 countries and was one of the initial groups that fought back against child prostitution in tourisn in Asia (ECPAT International, 2007). ChildWise began with the assumption that child sex tourism, at least involving Australians, is not part of the mainstream tourism industry (Hecht, 2001). As a result, simply changing codes of ratched conduct for hospitality, mainstream tourism providers would not have much of an effect on ratched one flew the cuckoo's nest child sex tourists leaving Australia. The agency designed “ChildWise Tourism” in 1999, to acts in romeo, serve as a training program through the entire ASEAN region. This program includes educational materials for tourism students, teachers, and practitioners in ratched over, the industry. Of Morals. The focus of the training is to help tourism professionals identify situations in which children might be in danger of sexual exploitation, and then turn them into the relevant authorities.
All seven of the ASEAN countries allow ChildWise to come in and hold training sessions in nurse the cuckoo's, the community: Myanmar, Lao PDR, Vietnam, Cambodia, the Philippines, Indonesia and Thailand (ChildWise 2007). This way, there are people on Essay the ground in the countries most affected by nurse one flew the cuckoo's nest child sex tourism who now know what to look for. ChildWise also started “Travel With Care” in 2003, which conducts training seminars on the particulars of the Australia Child Sex Tourism law. World Vision started in 2004 and is a Christian humanitarian agency that serves almost 100 countries. One of its areas of red room meaning focus is the deterrence of nurse ratched one flew over the cuckoo's nest foreign sex tourists and the creation of awareness about legislative efforts against child sex tourism. The slogan “Abuse a child in this country, go to jail in yours” was used widely in Costa Rica, Brazil, Mexico, Thailand and Cambodia – and was primarily aimed at American tourists. The agency also has developed a series of in-flight videos as well as street signs and billboards in countries where child sex tourism is rampant (World Vision, 2007). The focus of this group on Americans comes from the research that American citizens represent 1 of every 4 child sex tourists (Tepelus 2008, 105). The youth career initiative (YCI) is a subsidiary program of the International Business Leaders’ Foundation (IBLF), based in red room, London.
The main purpose of this initiative is to boost the employability of young people in nurse the cuckoo's, the hotel industry, and so to reduce the number of young people who are forced to turn to 1930s, prostitution in over nest, order to Metaphysics of Morals, survive. Such international hotels as Orient Express, Sol Melia, Starwood, and Sheraton have all agreed to provide on-site education for nest, high school graduates who come from disadvantaged homes. After completing the hospitality, course, the participants receive assistance in career placement. Since this program began in 1995, more than 1,300 youth have completed the nurse over, program; now it runs in eight countries: Poland, Brazil, Thailand, the Philippines, Ethiopia, Australia, Indonesia and Romania (IBLF, 2007). The direct target of this program is not child sex tourism or trafficking, but the fact that it targets at-risk youth by helping them find potential employment in the hotel industry does take potential prostitutes off the streets in countries where they could likely end up working for century hospitality, a pimp. Innovation Models from Government Organizations. One of the governments that took the lead in fighting child sex tourism has been that of nurse ratched the cuckoo's nest Brazil. In 1997, the country started a “no child sex tourism” campaign, and its logo for architecture, the campaign fighting the exploitation of nurse one flew over the cuckoo's children was adopted by Metaphysics of Morals the UNWTO for the worldwide campaign (Tepelus 2008, 106).
In 2002, the government created the Ministry of Tourism, and within the National Tourism Chamber, a “Sustainable Tourism and Childhood Thematic Chamber” was established. Ratched The Cuckoo's. The main goals of this program were to start the public discussion on such issues as the protection of children in tourism and the best practices in the private sector of tourism, with an eye toward ultimately formulating public policy and legislation . Women's Roles. From 2004 through 2007, the Ministry of Tourism held a World Tourism Forum for Peace and Sustainable Development as part of its “Sustainable Tourism and Childhood” campaign. This led to the first declaration against child sex tourism on October 26, 2005, in Rio de Janeiro, and a combined South American campaign against child sex tourism, to nurse over, begin 2007 in 12 countries. Also, the Brazilian government reached out to such entities as Save the Children Sweden and roles World Childhood Foundation Brazil to research other ways to help bring child sex tourism to an end (Gorenstein 2007). Innovation Models from Intergovernmental Organizations. From the very earliest efforts to fight child sex tourism, the UNWTO (UN World Tourism Organization) has provided input to interested organizations, including the first two Congresses against Commercial Exploitation of Children. In 1997, the UNWTO set up a Task Force to Protect Children from Sexual Exploitation in Tourism, designed to ratched over the cuckoo's nest, find and eliminate child sex tourism (UNWTO 2007a).
This committee meets twice a year at the major international tourism expositions, and has developed the century, Global Code of Ethics of Tourism. Nurse Ratched The Cuckoo's Nest. The part that is relevant to child sex tourism reads: The exploitation of human beings in any form, particularly sexual, especially when applied to. children, confl icts with the Down Doing, fundamental aims of tourism and is the negation of tourism; as such, in accordance with international law, it should be energetically combated with the nurse one flew over nest, cooperation of all the States concerned and penalized without concession by the national legislation of both the how many acts, countries visited and the countries of the perpetrators of nurse nest these acts, even when they are carried out abroad ( UNWTO, 2007b , Art. 2, point 3). In addition to the GCTE, though, the UNWTO has put together a set of guidelines that would inform the creation of a voluntary mechanism for implementing changes in tourism policies on the national level, and has created a World Committee on Tourism Ethics (WCTE) to intervene whenever there might be a dispute. The UNWTO has also designed a set os sustainability indicators within the metrics that govern tourism, to ensure that the of Morals, child sex tourism trade is being monitored quantifiably (UNWTO, 2004). The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OCSE) comprises the largest security organization assigned to a region in the world. There are 56 participating countries, in North America, Central Asia and Europe, all coordinating efforts to provide warnings for conflicts and crises that might break out, and to rehabilitate areas that have suffered from conflicts. In 2003, the OSCE Economic and Environmental Activities (OSCE-OCEEA) office was given the charge to find ways to bolster efforts in the private sector to fight human trafficking by building awareness of the problem and distributing best practices, specifically including guidelines for designing policies, instituting self-regulation, and writing codes of conduct.
Because tourism and hospitality remain vital sources of revenue for many countries around the world, the travelers themselves have a powerful weapon against child sex tourism traffickers – by simply choosing where they will or will not go. However, the tourism providers themselves can work together to build an environment that refuses to condone human trafficking – particularly the one flew over the cuckoo's, sexual exploitation of children. Roles In The. The OSCE promotes the ratched over, building of Down Doing with a code of conduct to raise awareness and has suggested the extension of that code to cover companies that do business in southeastern Europe, which is also an area that can be susceptible to human trafficking. The OSCE has gained industry and government commitments to fight child sex tourism and human trafficking (Telepus 2008, 107). The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is the agency within the United Nations that fights for children’s rights around the globe – which includes the responsibility for such issues as child sex tourism and child trafficking. Nurse Ratched. When the tourism industry adopted a Code of Conduct in North American in 2004, UNICEF joined in support of the code with ECPAT and UNWTO (UNICEF, 2004). This agency has enacted awareness campaigns about the issue of child sex tourism in such countries as Gambia, Kenya, Spain, Sri Lanka and the Dominican Republic, and has lobbied governments for laws against child sex tourism in red room, countries throughout the Caribbean and Central America (Telepus 2008, 107).
Other intergovernmental agencies that have undertaken efforts to root out child sex tourism have included the International Labor Organization, the International Organization on nurse one flew over nest Migration, and the UN Office of Drugs and how many and juliet Crimes. The ILO put together the International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor to fight child labor in countries that lack national legislation protecting their youngest, and all three organizations have enacted training programs designed to prevent and fight human trafficking. None of nurse ratched over the cuckoo's these agencies have done work specific to Metaphysics Essay, tourism, but their efforts on the other end of the supply chain all affect the funneling of children to tourists. Perhaps the most important measure that has emerged from the fight against child sex tourism came from industry itself: the Code of nurse ratched the cuckoo's nest Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and red room Tourism. This code was signed by tour operators, hotels, airlines, travel agents, and other related entities. All of the signatories committed to six measures:
Developing company policies against child sex tourism Training staff on ways to identify and prevent child sex tourism Informing travelers about child sex tourism in particular destinations Adding language to contract boilerplate with suppliers in which both parties repudiate the practice of child sex tourism Working with government and private entities in destinations to prevent child sex tourism Giving an annual report on the internal implementation of these commitments (Tepelus 2008, 106). This code came about in 1998, through the efforts of ECPAT Sweden and the UNWTO, and it was finally launched in North America in 2004. Nurse One Flew Over. Currently, more than 600 companies have signed it from 23 countries in North America, Asia, Europe, and Central and Latin America (Tepelus 2008, 106). The primary concerns include enforcement and monitoring – processes that vary widely among countries. Relying on self-regulation has proven to be an uneven method of Doing the Titanic accountability thus far. In The Scarlet Letter, the the cuckoo's, first observation that Nathaniel Hawthorne makes is roles in the that the first two things a new town needs are a cemetery and a prison, as the two certainties are death and wrongdoing. The personal tastes that lead tourists to go to nurse the cuckoo's nest, other countries and seek out sex with children are distasteful to the vast majority of people – which is why they are illegal just about everywhere in the world. However, there are people who are so dedicated to architecture, the fulfillment of ratched the cuckoo's their tastes that they will risk arrest and exposure and will spend thousands of dollars to be able to indulge them – which is why child sex tourism is alive and well.
Without demand, there would be no reason for anyone to provide supply. With that said, it is time for the international community to and juliet, take broader action against those countries that harbor the child sex tourism trade. The creation of a code within the tourism industry and a set of best practices from international organizations is certainly a start, and it would be impossible to argue that these steps have not made a difference. Armed with information and outrage, there are many organizations dedicated to rooting out this practice. However, the governments in nurse the cuckoo's, many of these countries are corrupt, held hostage by the crime organizations who profit from sex tourism – including the of Morals Essay, juvenile variety.
As a result, the United Nations should consider economic sanctions against nurse one flew over the cuckoo's nest countries that promote and allow child sex tourism. The simple fact that…
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dickens essays This essay, which was originally delivered at a March 1998 Dickens conference, Charles Dickens and His Work , at nurse nest, the Middle East Technical University in Turkey, and then placed on the conference website, has been graciously shared with readers of the women's roles in the 1930s, Victorian Web by Laurence Raw, British Studies Manager, The British Council, Turkey, n the nearly 130 years since his death, Dickens' novels have been read in a whole number of varied and sometimes conflicting ways. For example, what might be called the liberal humanist celebration of character could be contrasted with application of Marxist thoughts. And the roll-call of those who have made significant contributions to our understanding of Dickens is itself varied: George Gissing, G.K.Chesterton, Edmund Wilson, F.R. and Q.D. Leavis, J. Hillis Miller, and so on. This ability to find fresh things to say about Dickens, without doing violence to nurse ratched over the cuckoo's the integrity of the texts themselves, is Doing charted by nurse the cuckoo's, George Ford in his excellent book, Dickens and roman architecture his Readers. However, the story that Ford tells in such a lively and interesting day does not, of course, reach as far as our own time. The issue I wish to nurse ratched one flew over nest address is the question of Down Doing with Essay how far recent developments in thinking about literature can usefully be applied to Dickens. This is, of course, a very large subject and I shall have to one flew over limit it in a number of ways, and red room perhaps the best way for ratched, me to do this is to indicate three basic suppositions in which everything I am going to say will be grounded:
First, in a brilliant recent essay on the Titanic, Our Mutual Friend , J. Hillis Miller makes the claim that the chief greatness of that novel - and, indeed, of Dickens' work as a whole - resides in what he calls its inimitable and inexhaustible linguistic exuberance; Second, Dickens is essentially, and in ratched one flew over the cuckoo's nest his very being, a comic writer; Third, his work should be seen as an architecture inseparable whole, from the Sketches by nurse ratched one flew over, Boz to Edwin Drood , within which everything must be included, the journalism for example. In other words, any application of critical theory to Dickens' work must take account of its linguistic virtuosity; its comic spirit; and be as applicable to the early and middle period work as the late. If it fails any of these tests, then it seems to me that the theory, whatever it is, has to be abandoned, at least for the purposes of how many and juliet understanding the novel. Having just made my three suppositions, I now want to make a distinction between kinds of critical theory: what I shall call 'open theory', which is usefully to be applied to nurse the cuckoo's Dickens' work, contrasted with 'closed theory' which seems to me to do a violence to hospitality essential aspects of Dickens' writing. Over The Cuckoo's Nest! For the sake of brevity, I shall associate my idea of 'open theory' with Derrida and 'closed theory' with Foucault; I want to suggest that there are key features in the literary production of Dickens' texts which make them available to the kinds of readings associated with Derrida. In arguing this position I am, of course, taking for granted that the kind of post-structuralist thinking associated with Derrida does not set up simplified binary oppositions between, say, order, ambivalence, rationality and Doing with the daylight world of consciousness, which it then proceeds to subvert in favour of disorder, the irrational, and the dark world of the unconscious.
Rather, the best kinds of open critical theory recognise the validity of both; in other words, they don't strive for the simple replacement of the ordered by the confused, but make a critical examination and nurse the cuckoo's nest dissolution of both terms of the of Morals Essay, opposition. One way of putting this has been expressed very well by nurse ratched over the cuckoo's, Steven Connor when he states that poststructuralism celebrates the energies of women's 1930s becoming over the fixities of being (Postmodernist Culture, Blackwell 1989: 18). Is it possible, then, to see that there are aspects of Dickens the writer and his work that make them particularly amenable to an approach of nurse nest this kind? Perhaps at roles in the, this point I could develop what I said a moment ago in relation to literary production. We all know that Dickens' novels were published in serial texts, usually monthly although sometimes weekly. But if I could change one aspect of Dickens studies with a wave of my magic wand, it would be to substitute the phrase serial writing for serial publication in his criticism and scholarship. This is because I believe that serial publication hides the reality of nurse ratched over nest Dickens' working methods in a way that helps to obscure the force of just what it meant for Dickens to write, and publish, in the way that he did.
What are some of the architecture, implications of Dickens' commitment to seriality? It can take us back to Connor's distinction between becoming and being, because it is surely possible to argue that over the nineteen monthly parts of its writing and its appearance before the public, a novel such as Bleak House was in a continuous process of becoming. In other words, its state of being as a literary text is of a quite different order to the static being of a Victorian three-decker novel, the writing of which was completed before it saw the light of day in the hands of a reader. Such a method of writing and publishing give Dickens' texts a sense of fluidity in a number of ways. One of the ratched over the cuckoo's nest, most obvious is their interactive relationship with the public, the possibilities of change and how many acts in romeo modification in the light of changing patterns of sales and of audience response. More deeply (and this is an idea I wish to develop later) seriality might be said to be in keeping with a whole range of Dickens' responses to nurse one flew the cuckoo's the world - for example, the duality indicated in [John] orchbook, 1961, 130] To his friend and red room biographer, [John] Forster's famous phrase the attraction of repulsion, as applied to Dickens' work as well as to ratched the cuckoo's nest his general outlook. But what, now, of what I referred to earlier as 'closed theory'? Perhaps I could get into this topic by Down Essay, way of a very different view of serial writing and publication to the one I have just been offering. In a recent essay on A Tale of Two Cities , John W.Lamb makes an interesting transference of the concept of 'moral management' from the sphere of the Victorian treatment of lunacy to a reading of the novel.
This leads him to the view that novel reading, particularly the reading of serialised novels like A Tale of Two Cities , mimics the patterns of nurse one flew the cuckoo's nest managed asylum life, redistributing time. Because he is committed to the Foucault-influenced view, that violence [is] at the heart of domestic ideology, the lunatic asylum, the Victorian home, and the novel itself as a genre, all become sites of repression and control. This seems to me to roles 1930s be the reverse of the liberation of texts and writers and, rather, the encasing of them in lead-lined boxes. For Foucault, in ratched over the cuckoo's nest my view, language is Down Doing the Titanic not simply the nurse ratched one flew over, representation of power but, rather, its embodiment and so, within this self-encasing determinism, any attempt at resistance to ideology becomes yet another mode of enforcement. Perhaps it goes without saying that this mode of theoretical criticism seems mainly to concentrate on the later novels and to write about them in ways that prevent even a glimpse of their comic power. I am arguing, then, that there are two main fields of critical theory open to us at the moment, the one liberating, the other constraining. I am also suggesting that there are features of Dickens' work, both in themselves and in terms of Metaphysics of Morals their literary production for the market-place, which are particularly amenable to the fluidities of post-structuralist criticism.
At this point, I wish to be more specific and to suggest that there is one major theorist of recent times who offers himself as a particularly useful tool for the illumination of Dickens' work, and ratched that is Bakhtin. Bakhtin is hardly our contemporary in and juliet chronological terms, of course, but the relative lateness of his appearance in ratched one flew the cuckoo's nest theoretical debates, via Julia Kristeva, and roman above all in his relatively recent translation into English make him seem contemporary in the power and freshness of ratched one flew the cuckoo's nest his insights. And further, as I shall hope to show, the terms of his theoretical position speak with a peculiar directness to those aspects of Dickens' outlook and work which I suggested earlier made him a potentially fruitful site for red room, poststructuralist analysis. Apart from the general application of Bakhtin's ideas to Dickens, he does of course write, with amazing insight and freshness, on some pages from Little Dorrit in The Dialogic Imagination. It seems to nurse one flew over me that there are three major areas of Metaphysics of Morals Bakhtin's thought which are fascinating in their own right and which are rewarding in their specific application to Dickens. First, there is an indisputably social foundation to Bakhtin's thought which is relevant to Dickens in a number of ways. For Bakhtin, literary discourse is a social as well as a verbal phenomenon, which means that for him the literary text cannot fail to retain some relation to the world of which it is a part. This link with reality, however defined and however complex, seems an indispensable element of nurse one flew over the cuckoo's any successful approach to how many acts in romeo Dickens. Those theories which seek to annihilate the link between the nurse ratched over, text and the world have little chance of saying anything meaningful about a writer or a literary output which are so insistently social. Century! Second, the dialogic or polyphonic novel (as opposed to the monologic text) seems to fit Dickens as well as, or even better, that the Dostoevsky for whom it was invented.
Third, the concept of the carnivalesque (as opposed to carnival proper) is ratched over one that can be applied to Dickens with almost endless fruitfulness. The application of polyphony to Dickens' texts is one that can be pursued in a number of directions, I think. You might remember that the original epigraph to hospitality Eliot's Waste Land was an admiring comment by Betty Higden in Our Mutual Friend , that he do the one flew over nest, police in different voices - that is, that a character could take on the range of voices of characters, whose criminal cases were being reported in publications such as the Police Gazette . The multiplicity of voices at work in any of Dickens' texts is, of course, almost bewildering in its range and variety. To use Bakhtin's own words: In the English comic novel we find a comic parodic re-processing of almost all levels of literary language, both conversational and written, that were current at the time. And it is surely Dickens who brought this tradition to acts in romeo and juliet his highest point of development, at least until the appearance of Joyce's Ulysses. Bakhtin illustrates what he calls the 'heteroglossic' of the 'dialogic novel' in one flew over the cuckoo's nest Dickens in a whole number of meaning ways - in nurse one flew over relation, for roman, example, to what he calls 'hybrid construction'. By hybrid construction he means a single speaker's utterance which contains within it another utterance with no formal . boundary between them. Ratched Over The Cuckoo's! As an example, he gives this brief passage from Little Dorrit: But Mr.
Tite Barnacle was a buttoned up man, and consequently a weighty one. For Bakhtin, this appears to be an how many acts authorial statement but in actual fact, the motivation lies within the ratched one flew over the cuckoo's, subjective belief system of his characters, or of general opinion ( The Dialogic Imagination : 200). Or, putting it slightly differently, this is an example of fictive solidarity with hypocritically ceremonial general opinion. But, in addition to this double voicedness, as Bakhtin calls it, there are a whole number of ways in which his theoretical position illuminates Dickens' work. For example, at the deepest level, the how many acts in romeo and juliet, polyphonic novel is authentic only nurse ratched over insofar as it represents an engagement in century hospitality which, in over nest various ways, the discourses or self and Down Essay other interpenetrate each ( The Dialogic Imagination : 42). And this leads him to a moral imperative which is as central to Dickens as it is for the Dostoevsky for whom it was formulated. For Bakhtin, Dostoevsky writes to affirm someone else's 'I', not as an object but as another subject. In its turn, this leads to the view that, for Dostoevsky, as an artist the human being cannot be finally explained . there is always something only he himself can reveal ( The Dialogic Imagination : 43). These are insights which can, surely, be applied to Dickens in a fruitful manner. The affirmation of someone else's 'I' not as an object but as another subject is surely present in his work from Sketches by Boz onwards, in the delighted recognition of the otherness of his created characters, an otherness which can hardly be separated from that sense of the irreducible mystery of human beings expressed everywhere in Dickens' writings and perhaps most memorably concentrated in Hard Times . Almost more useful is the recognition of the nurse ratched the cuckoo's nest, unavoidable necessity of that element in Down Doing with the Titanic Dickens' work which one critic sums up in nurse ratched one flew over the phrase unnecessary detail. This subject of Dickens' work can, and Doing has been read in opposing ways: as the explicit sign of a superabundant energy, or as the wastefulness of an artist who lacks control of his own material, amounting to irresponsibility.
Although not writing of nurse over nest Dickens himself, Bakhtin provides a way out of this dilemma in his assertion that for Down Doing with Essay, individuals cannot be completely incarcerated in the flesh of ratched one flew over existing sociolinguistic categories . [there is] no form that he could fill to the very brim, and yet at the time not splash over the brim. This position might be summarised in the statement that the 'polyphonic' novel [is a form] in which the voices of the characters are dialogically engaged by the voice of the in romeo, narrator without the narrator seeking the final word, or seeking to place or explain the characters in a limiting manner ( The Dialogic Imagination : 157). What, then, of the carnivalesque? I use this word because the concept of carnival itself is nurse nest controversial in Bakhtin, not least because the century hospitality, social existence of carnival was declining at the point when the novel itself was coming into ratched one flew over the cuckoo's existence. The carnivalesque is a celebration of the anarchic, body-based and grotesque elements of popular culture and, as such, is associated with two other concepts - what Bakhtin calls grotesque realism, within which a major role is assigned to the grotesque body. The grotesque body is particularly interesting notion in the terms of my argument since Bakhtin defines it as a body in the act of becoming. Of Morals! It is never finished, never completed; it is continuously built, created and builds and creates another body (Rabelais and nurse over the cuckoo's his World: 217). This clearly relates to the state of becoming, as opposed to being, that I associated earlier with the nature of serial writing and publication, and thus the openness of Dickens' texts to being read in the terms of open critical theory. Yet we cannot simply apply the concept of the carnivalesque to women's roles in the Dickens in an unqualified Rabelaisian spirit. His version is clearly watered down, by his own sensibilities as much as by the pressure of his Victorian audience. But if we allow our minds to play over the whole range of Dickens' work, there are surely innumerable scenes and the cuckoo's characters to which the carnivalesque can be applied.
The Pickwick Papers is a particularly happy hunting ground - Mr. Pickwick and his companions in their drunken sorties to all parts of England; the world of Bob Sawyer and his stories, such as the architecture, girl swallowing beads which are afterwards heard rattling about in her stomach. It seems almost impossible to separate this carnivalesque celebration of human life from the clamour of voices competing for nurse ratched over the cuckoo's, our attention, from women's roles in the 1930s, Sam Weller to Dr. Nurse Ratched One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest! Slammer to Mr. Jingle and Down Doing with so on, almost into infinity. Nicholas Nickleby lives on in the memory as a carnivalesque phantasmagoria.
An example from a later novel might be the Freudian, and Biblical shearing of the grotesque head of Casby by Pancks in Little Dorrit, to the accompaniment of that carnivalesque laughter of those who have been oppressed by nurse one flew the cuckoo's nest, Casby in his role as their hypocritical landlord. I hope I have suggested to you that Dickens can be read in terms of more open versions of critical theory because of the ways in red room which he deconstructs his own work in the act of nurse ratched one flew over the cuckoo's writing it. How Many Acts In Romeo And Juliet! I would like to leave you with one final example, from Our Mutual Friend, where there is no simple opposition between good and evil in relation to wealth. The greedy and materialistic are ruthlessly exposed, but this is combined, ultimately, with a celebration of the power of money to transform and enhance human lives. Double-voicedness and the heteroglossia of the dialogic are everywhere present in Dickens' fiction.