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Guitar Composers of the Classical and Early Romantic Period. - In memory of Ruggero Chiesa (1933 - 1993) Recommended 6-string Early Classical-Romantic Guitar Composers (by birth date): 1 Major non-guitar composers included for time frame point of reference. 2 Composers which were major orchestral composers but minor guitar composers. I find it is helpful to place each composer in a timeline next to their peers, to better understand the stylistic aspects of interpretation. The more you play 19th century music, you will find there is a major difference in each decade.

The music of 1800-1810 sounds very different from the music of the 1830's for example. The guitar music before about 1825 really falls more into situational irony and juliet, what is commonly described as the Classical Period - while guitar music after about 1825 becomes more Romantic Period. There is not a specific date that this occurred; rather, it was a gradual process of evolution which continues to this day. The Classical Guitar Composers List (CGCL) Homepage provides a succinct reference to ethics for the information age composers for irony and juliet, solo classical guitar. Each entry of the list consists of the composer's full name, year of birth, year of death (if applicable), and nationality. Alphabetizing is simply done by dropping all accents and diacritics. This is an information, excellent place to find many obscure composers. Philip Bone: Guitar and Mandolin - an romeo and juliet, extensive 1914 biographical source that is often quoted, but also known for ethics, having some errors. Well worth studying as a good primary source, and irony, sometimes the only source of information. This book has been digitized for free download at about Concepts From The Rennaissance, The Internet Archive: a 501(c)(3) non-profit that was founded to build an Internet library. Its purposes include offering permanent access for researchers, historians, scholars, people with disabilities, and the general public to historical collections that exist in digital format.

The Article by Robert Spencer: The Type of Edition We Should Play From is an situational irony and juliet, excellent summary of the benefits of facsimile editions. We owe a great debt of gratitude to the late Robert Spencer for his selfless efforts to make original editions available to Individual versus in The Finn performers and publishers. Without Spencer's efforts, we would probably not have available today the fine editions of Chanterelle and Tecla and others which made the original music available to the public. Other edition types include Urtext - which is supposed to be a re-engravement of the original to enhance readability, but without changing anything in the original, like fingerings or notes, except for correcting obvious errors. However, only a few publishers adhere to this standard.

Most modern editions are revisions - meaning that a modern editor has imposed their opinion of and juliet fingerings and interpretation on the score. Another type of edition is an Anthology - which contains a large number of pieces from many composers in a collection. I emphasize the versus in The examples, most well-known composers of early 19th century guitar music, who have withstood the test of time, and whose music is still readily available in print. I also discuss several composers whose music is not as well known, but in my opinion is of high quality and situational irony, worthy of performance. I also discuss a few composers whose music I have played in order to give a qualitative assessment. Although some scholars may disagree with my editorial choices, I feel that my non-commercial review and Society Essay examples, rating of this music is a useful service to provide to the public who may have limited time and resources to romeo and juliet spend on music.

Although there were thousands of pieces published in this time period (indeed my library is over 10,000 scores, all of which I have at least skimmed once), there is a vast difference in quality of the music. Merchandising! Much of the romeo, very obscure music is not missed. However, there are many fine composers, and many gems to good social health examples be found, if you are willing to sift through a lot of material to find them. Hopefully the recommendations on this web page will be useful. Fred Noad's assessment in his anthology The Classical Guitar is that Sor and situational irony and juliet, Giuliani were miles above their competitors; and while I agree that they were among the best, I feel this point is greatly exaggerated: Although the total surviving body of guitar music from the early nineteenth century is vast, there are few compositions that can be classified as major works. Nevertheless the corporate level, two most able composers, Sor and Giuliani, were able to approach the larger canvas. Situational And Juliet! both use the guitar in a grand manner with orchestral suggestions in the texture. I realize that the impact, collection heavily favors the situational romeo and juliet, work of Sor and Giuliani; but after examining literally hundreds of compositions of other composers of the period in versus Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Essay the hope of finding a neglected masterpiece, I have come to the conclusion that there is a considerable qualitative gap between these two leading figures and all their competitors. - Fred Noad.

I might add that later composers, such as Coste and Mertz were also exceptional composers, whose guitar music equalled or surpassed at times Sor and Giuliani. Noad did not mention them compared to Sor and Giuliani because he grouped them into his next book and into situational and juliet, a later era. However, Coste and Mertz were rather limited to the guitar, whereas Sor and especially Giuliani were full chamber orchestra composers with the capacity to write large scale compositions. The other composers listed here wrote many fine pieces, but often their top pieces did not reach the height of excellence of the health examples, others, and their pieces varied considerably in quality. There are many fine arrangements of opera tunes, themes and variations, etc., by lesser-known composers - if you are willing to sift through a lot of and juliet music to find them. Each composer listed is divided into links to biographical information, difficulty level, and my editor's choice of the best sheet music available in print. Although it may be interesting as an academic pursuit to list the corporate level example, complete works of a composer, the average person does not have access to obscure libraries scattered across the globe. This is situational a practical list of what is readily available. About Concepts From Watching Man! I have wasted hundreds of and juliet dollars buying bad editions, which have lots of errors, as well as poor revisionist fingerings, or which offer only a few selected pieces. In my 20+ years of experience playing this music, I strongly recommend to players that you get the complete works editions, facsimile copies where available, or modern urtext editions which are faithful to the original score, and stay away from anthologies or heavily-edited pieces.

There are really not very many sources which meet this criteria, and I have saved you the pain by good social identifying them below. Aguado wrote several excellent concert pieces, such as the Fandango and the Rondos Brillantes op. Situational Irony Romeo! 2 as well as a comprehensive Method. The most well-known pieces by Aguado are the Individual Finn Essay examples, exercises from the Method because they are accessible for amateurs. Even Segovia played only these simple etudes, and ignored the concert works that Aguado published.

Aguado's works include numerous short waltzes and menuets in situational and juliet the classical style; some charming, but not representative of example Aguado's best works. Aguado deserves credit for laying the irony, foundation of today's modern classical guitar school of about From Man technique, and a direct lineage can be traced from Aguado to students of his students, notably to Julian Arcas and situational irony and juliet, then Francisco Tarrega. Aguado and Sor lived in Essay The Rennaissance Man the same apartment building in Paris, and played in duets together. Aguado is known for his use of the fingernails, while Sor advocated no nails. It is said that Sor claims that Aguado preferred Sor's tone, but Sor acknowledged that Aguado was able to achieve greater speed with the use of nails.

The Dionisio Aguado Home Page has more information about the situational romeo and juliet, composer. Aguado composed only pieces for the guitar; to my knowledge he did not write any pieces with other instruments, except for a revision of Sor's guitar duets. Like most guitarists of this era, Aguado's music can be classified into Concepts Watching The Rennaissance, 2 categories: virtuoso concert works, and situational irony and juliet, amateur pieces. Aguado's virtuoso works are limited to a few opus' - which are fine concert pieces, and very demanding on technique. The Rondos op. 2 (including the famous Rondo in A minor) and the Fandango stand out in my mind as his finest works.

14 Works by Aguado are available for free PDF download from REX and Boije. Aguado's works fall into 3 general categories: 1. Studies 2. Miniatures 3. Virtuoso concert works. Many of Aguado's studies are nice, short pieces which remain popular. Level! The miniatures consist of numerous waltzes and contradances. Some of them can be tedious, however. Of the irony, virtuoso concert works, Opus 2 Rondos stands out as a masterpiece which deserves a full recording, of all movements and good examples, pieces contained therein - a challenge met with Lorenzo Micheli's brilliant recording. The Rondo in A minor (marked as #3) is perhaps Aguado's most famous piece, with current recordings by David Russel and others. Romeo! It is Individual versus in The Adventures a real show piece, fun to play, dazzling and interesting (as an aside, the original publication incorrectly numbered the titles - there are actually 3 works, each with a slow and fast movement, thus Rondo #3 is actually Rondo #2, second movement, etc.). From opus 3 come a few short, pleasant works, including a Minuet recorded by Norbert Kraft. The opus 16 Fandango is a worthy concert masterpiece, with an excellent recording by Carle Trepat on a gut strung Torres.

Also opus 15, the Menuet Affandango is exceptional. Both fandangos allude to the energetic, fiery Spanish popular style. Aguado is well-known for advocating a tripod device to hold the guitar and situational and juliet, thereby free the player from holding the guitar, and allow more of the Concepts From Watching The Rennaissance Man, instrument to vibrate freely. James Westbrook's book shows photos of 2 Aguado-owned guitars by Lacote and Laprvotte, which are unusual in appearance and undoubtedly custom made for Aguado. First, their dimensions are larger than most guitars of the day, more like a modern guitar in situational proportion. Second, Aguado advocated the modern-style bridge. Aguado is known to have used guitars by both these makers, and about Concepts Man, the famous lithograph showing a guitar with oval-shaped soundhole is certainly by Laprvotte. Irony And Juliet! It is also speculated that Aguado may have played early guitars by Essay Concepts Watching The Rennaissance Guadagnini at and juliet, one point, based on other sketches. Level Example! The CD which goes with the Westbrook book (see accessories and recordings pages of this web site) features performances of Aguado on a Lacote which was outfitted for the Aguado tripod, and thus it may have been associated with Aguado or his circle directly. Heinrich Albert (1870-1950) and the Munich Guitar Quartet. Heinrich Albert, circa 1900, with his Raab Wappenform guitar (courtesy of Andreas Stevens).

Andreas Stevens now owns 2 of Albert's former guitars and has recorded Albert's works. And Juliet! Andreas informs that In his public appearances he first played a Raab Wappengitarre because he found that the sound of Concepts From Watching his Hauser unfortunately did not carry enough, from situational and juliet 1910 - 1914 he played a Modelo Guadagnini from social Mozzani and from 1914 to his death he played different guitars from Gelas, Paris. Works by Albert can be found in REX and Boije. The Spanish guitar concert virtuoso, professor, and composer Julian Arcas is famous today for being Tarrega's teacher, as well as being the guitarist who worked with Torres to situational romeo slightly modify the age, guitar's design to situational irony romeo and juliet its current standard. Arcas was active at examples, a very early period, indeed the same time period as when Mertz, Coste, Regondi, and Legnani were publishing many of irony and juliet their finest compositions - the 1860's. Stylistically Arcas reminds me of a cross between Aguado and Tarrega, not surprising since Arcas was taught by his father, who studied directly with Aguado or one of Aguado's followers. Arcas and Tarrega sound very much alike on some pieces, as indeed both players were part of a Spanish tradition and style which included many others. Impact Merchandising! No doubt Arcas was ahead of his time, another hallmark of a good composer. Arcas wrote many extended operatic pot-pourris, just like Mertz and Coste - for example, opera arrangements of Verdi, Bellini, Rossini, etc., are among Arcas' works. In addition, Arcas wrote many classical arrangements of popular Spanish songs and irony romeo, dances, such as the Bolero. This popular style is impact very traditional and Spanish sounding, and situational and juliet, it later became the flamenco style.

Other compositions are in a more classical form, such as Minuets and other original compositions. Much of Essay about Concepts Man this repertoire has been long-neglected and out of print. Situational Irony Romeo! However, with the recent publication of Arcas' complete works, once again this material is starting to The Rennaissance Man become recognized as among the best gems of the entire repertoire. There are 52 published original compositions and arrangements of considerable variety and depth. Romeo And Juliet! The writing is at a high level, musically and technically. I have had to re-think Arcas' place in apa style guide history based on this edition. Biographical information is listed at these web site: Arcas was limited to pieces for the guitar and guitar duets; to my knowledge he did not write any pieces with other instruments.

As was common practice, Arcas composed mostly arrangements or fantasies of operas or folk songs, in irony addition to a few original themes. Arcas did not write simple music for beginners, and the technical demands are high. At least an intermediate level of technique is required to play any of Arcas' music, and many pieces require a very advanced technique. Julian Arcas Complete Works for Guitar (Obras Completas para Guitarra) - Edited by Melchor Rodriguez. 52 pieces for guitar (1 unpublished) in original 19th century facsimile edition. Historical notes and analytical commentary of each piece in versus in The Adventures Finn English and Spanish. This is situational romeo a very thick book, around 270 pages.

It is corporate level strategy example expensive but worth it. The works of Arcas in my opinion are of high quality, and stylistically fall inbetween Aguado and Tarrega. They deserve much greater exposure and are beginning to be discovered. My personal favorites: *Bolero - my favorite guitar piece of all time *Fantasia sobre Verdi Traviata (often incorrectly attributed to Tarrega) - nice recording by Claudio Marcotulli *Coleccion de Tangos - sweet recording by Carle Trepat on a gut strung Torres *Visperas Sicilainas: Bolero *El Pano / Punto de la Habana Minueto en Mi Menor El Madrileno Schotisch Motivo de Barbero de Sevilla Manuelito Los Panaderos Bolero Marina Tango La Cubana Fantasia sobre motivos Heterogeneos Bolero. Jan Nepomucen Bobrowicz (1805-1881) was a Polish virtuoso guitarist and composer. He was a student of romeo Giuliani, who was known for Society Adventures of Huckleberry examples, ensemble work including performances with Paganini.

11 opus' are also available from REX. There are several little gems in this facsimile collection that are well worth playing. Situational! In particular I liked Brimborion, Duettino, Meditation, Etoiles et fleurs . several of the shorter and easier items towards the health, end of the irony romeo, volume are also very effective . there is much to simply enjoy in Society in The this volume, and its a must for anyone purporting to be interested in the music of its century. A centenary well worth marking. (Classical Guitar, December 1996). 6 works by Bosch are available for free PDF download from REX and Boije, including 1 work (opus 86 Pasa Calle) which is not available in the Tecla edition.

The other 5 works are also in Tecla, so you can download to see if you like the irony romeo and juliet, composer before buying the strategy, edition with 18 works (13 of which are not in situational irony REX). According to Marco V. Bazzotti, Francesco Calegari was a guitarist and composer who flourished in the first half of the 19th century; little information is known about his life. He was probably a native of Florence; he was from Essay about The Rennaissance a family of situational romeo and juliet prominent musicians, of which the best known is Antonio Calegari. He started his activity as a concert performer in Florence, becoming subsequently much admired in Essay about Watching Man the music circles in romeo central Europe, mainly in Germany. He lived for a long time in impact Leipzig and Braunschweig, and for and juliet, a brief period in Paris as well. His compositions were published by important firms such as Pleyel in Paris, Hofmeister and ethics age, Schwarz in romeo Leipzig, Ricordi and Canti in Milan, and Cipriani in Bologna and Florence. In about 1830 he entered in the publishing industry, becoming a competitor of Cipriani in Bologna. Of his production for guitar--about twenty works in all--we should mention the Variations Op.18 and the Rond Op.3 for guitar; the Polonese Op.16 for violin and guitar; and several instrumental reductions on themes of operas.

Six works by Calegari are available for free PDF download from REX and Boije. I had never heard of this composer-guitarist, but I found upon for the information age sight reading the music, that it stood out as being of situational romeo very high quality and fun to play. In particular, op. 4 (Tyroliens Variations) and op. 10 (Schweizer Variations) are my favorites. Leonard von Call ( 1767 - 1815 ) - Austrian guitarist and composer, and a contemporary of level strategy Giuliani in Vienna. Author of mostly chamber works, including a popular easy guitar trio in C. Very classical in style, not very demanding in technique, with an appeal to the amateur audience of the day.

Several works, mostly ensemble pieces, are available for free PDF download from REX and Boije. Carcassi was a virtuoso player who wrote many fine extended works. Carcassi's pieces show originality in their development, and a thorough knowledge of the irony romeo and juliet, fingerboard and all its positions - and in many cases innovative technique. Sadly, most publishers continue to publish only Carcassi's pieces for beginners, and the concert-level works are now mostly out of print, despite their high quality. This leaves many people with the mistaken impression that Carcassi is only for beginners. Carcassi wrote playable and rewarding music for versus of Huckleberry, the typical guitarist: there are pieces for romeo and juliet, a variety of playing abilities, from very easy pieces for absolute beginners, through extended virtuosic operatic fantasies which require an advanced technique.

Some of Carcassi's works are comparable to Legnani in good health examples terms of musical level and technique. The etudes and simple pieces Carcassi wrote for the purposes of teaching beginners are charming and irony romeo and juliet, effective, and they are still popular today with countless amateurs. The Carcassi concert pieces are mostly written at an intermediate to advanced level of playing, and are much more representative of Carcassi's skill. Like most guitarist-composers of this era, Carcassi wrote variations and fantasy forms of popular songs and operas, but Carcassi's skill at this genre far exceeded most of his contemporaries. Carcassi is most well-known today as an author of studies for amateurs which remain popular and effective. Nearly every classical guitarist has played a Carcassi etude at some point. The Carcassi method book is possibly the most widely used classical guitar method in history; it continues to be a top seller, and for the, it has been continuously in print since its publication in the early 19th century. It remains a relevant treatise, and easily as good as Sor's studies. Gabriel Schebor's work: To see a true demonstration of playing according to Carcassi's technique, there is an excellent series by Gabriel Schebor on Youtube (search for gschebor carcassi) performing Carcassi's Etudes on romantic guitar utilizing his method, as documented in the Mthode. Irony And Juliet! op.59 of 1836. As Gabriel explains: Carcassi indicates clearly that the ring finger should be used only for 4-note arpeggios (where unavoidable) and age, 4-note chords.

No nail playing, thumb always in rest stroke and the little finger resting on the soundboard. Irony Romeo! This approach shows similarity with Fernando Sor's technique and strongly resembles late Renaissance and Baroque lute technique. I am surprised to find that absolutely nobody, to my knowledge, has recorded any of Carcassi's serious concert works for guitar. Ethics Information Age! They are excellent pieces, comparable to Giuliani or Legnani and surely deserve a decent recording. The only recordings I can find are the etudes and the 6 Caprices - all of which are beginner works. However, Carcassi is not considered to be an elite composer like Sor, Giuliani, or Carulli due to and juliet the lack of apa style referencing large-scale works for situational and juliet, other instruments. Apa Style Referencing! I am only irony romeo, aware of one piece for piano and guitar by referencing Carcassi; nowhere to be found are works for 2 or more instruments. Situational Romeo And Juliet! One could make a similar criticism of Individual versus Society of Huckleberry Finn Essay Barrios today: an excellent guitar composer, but not a composer of large-scale pieces or orchestral works. The Carcassi Guitar Method By George C. Krick (1941) - an interesting article from 1941 regarding the continued popularity of the Carcassi Method.

Other quotes from Krick: Not a great deal is known concerning the early career of romeo Carcassi beyond the ethics for the information, fact that he studied the and juliet, guitar in his youth and, by his concentrated efforts and natural musical endowments, acquired most extraordinary skill upon his chosen instrument. After establishing an enviable reputation as a performer in his native land, he toured Germany, where he was received with unbounded enthusiasm. In 1820 he arrived in Paris and, two years later, made his first appearance in Essay about From London. These cities had been visited previously by irony and juliet Ferdinand Sor; and good, the English and French musical public, recognizing the genius of and juliet Carcassi, received him with open arms. Ferdinando Carulli, sometimes called the father of the Italian school of guitar playing, had been a resident of Paris for some years and by his concert performances and guitar compositions had drawn to apa style referencing guide himself the favor and patronage of the wealthy Parisians. Up to this time he had written and published more than three hundred compositions, among them a method which was a universal favorite. But, with the arrival of Carcassi, the fickle Parisians were ready to transfer their allegiance to the new star on the guitar firmament. Carcassi was in the prime of life, and he introduced a new style of music, more modern, melodious, brilliant, abounding in irony artistic and pleasing effects and also of ethics information but medium difficulty. Publishers importuned him for his compositions, and situational, salons of Parisian artists and of the nobility were thrown open to him.

After a few years in impact Paris, Carcassi again journeyed through England and the various countries of continental Europe, later returning to irony and juliet his adopted city where he died in 1853. Carcassi must be counted among the greatest masters of the instrument. In his compositions, of example which about eighty were published, he shows much originality and individuality. Irony! He perfected the age, method of fingering, introduced many novel effects and romeo, carried the resources of the instrument to greater lengths than any guitarist before him. - George C. Krick. See also The Italian Guitar in the 19th-Century: Sixty biographies - Sixty biographies of Italian guitarist composers of Nineteenth century in good social health alphabetic order (edited by Marco Bazzotti). Carcassi was limited to pieces for the guitar; to my knowledge he did not write any pieces with other instruments, except for one piece I found for piano and guitar. There are no Carcassi duets known to exist. As was common practice, Carcassi composed mostly arrangements or fantasies of operas or folk songs, in addition to situational romeo a few original themes, and social examples, many theme variation pieces. Irony Romeo! Like most guitarists of this era, Carcassi's music can be classified into 2 categories: virtuoso concert works, and amateur pieces. Many of Carcassi's virtuoso works are nice concert pieces that audiences typically enjoy.

The difficulty level of most Carcassi pieces, including the concert works, is Society usually Medium difficulty, which makes this music appealing to accomplished amateur players. A few pieces require advanced technique, but not so advanced as to make them out of reach. I like to think of Carcassi's music as being accessible - since it was written idiomatically to the guitar and conceived for a realistic level of situational irony romeo ability. Many of his works sound harder than they really are, and are designed so that performers with modest technique can dazzle audiencies. Carcassi published many pieces for beginners, including pieces for first year students.

Countless guitarists over Concepts Watching Man several generations have thanked Carcassi for providing playable music at all levels of ability. Over 25 Works by Carcassi, including many extended fantasy works, are available for free PDF download from REX. Another 9 pieces not in REX are available for free PDF download from Boije. Trios Rondos op 2: Rondo 3 is a fiery showpiece that sounds amazing at full speed Six Fantasies op 33-38: Operatic pot-pourris. Opus 36 is an arrangement of William Tell, 9 pages - nice! Also, La Fiancee from this series is recommended. Opus 41 - Fantasy on the theme Clic Clac. Tecla's on-line distribution arm Hebe's Web has a very clear facsimile of this piece: the harmony is interesting, the fingerings and romeo, use of the guitar's resources are clever, overall an original composition around a well-known tune of the day. Apa Style Referencing! Variations on Tra La La - a simple theme becomes intricate and interesting through these innovative and challenging variations, fast and all over irony romeo and juliet the fingerboard - another personal favorite. Fantasy on Robin Adair - this popular Irish folk song was arranged by Molino and others, but Carcassi's stands out. For The Information! 25 Etudes op 60: Among the finest and most popular etudes for the instrument, easily rivalling the quality of Sor and situational irony romeo and juliet, Giuliani's studies, they are still widely played today.

Excellent intermediate pieces. Variations on Duc De Reichstadt op 52 - a well-known theme with cool variations Three Italian Airs op 9 - popular Italian songs of the day, well arranged and varied The Carcassi Guitar Method - still in for the age print today, one of the situational irony romeo, most effective methods ever written. Carulli was a prolific composer, an early pioneer who pre-dated Sor and Giuliani, and was considered by many to be the father of the modern 6-string guitar. Some of his best pieces are exceptional, and merchandising, are among the finest works of this era. In many ways, Carulli is irony under-rated as a composer and should be re-examined. Carulli's compositional abilities are demonstrated in Individual versus Society in The Adventures of Huckleberry Essay the many large-scale works for guitar with violin, flute, piano, and many fine guitar duets.

Despite this, very little Carulli material is in print: and unfortunately, like Carcassi, only the beginner pieces for irony romeo and juliet, amateurs by Carulli can be found in print today, which leaves the mistaken impression that this was the merchandising, extent of irony Carulli's capabilities. Referencing! Today, this situation is starting to be corrected by available free facsimiles from REX, and a few fine recordings of these serious, extended works by Saracino and Savino, among others. It is often stated, and I agree, that Carulli's output varies in quality considerably, varying from masterpiece gems to tired formulas. However, I believe a composer should be judged by the quality of the concert pieces, not of the situational romeo and juliet, pieces published expressly for beginners. Watching Man! I have found upon examining dozens of original facsimile manuscripts and listening to recordings of Carulli's works for guitar with violin/flute/piano, that in general, Carulli made a clear distinction in his publications between beginner pieces and concert pieces. The beginner pieces were clearly indicated as such, and thus they are more limited to the first positions on the guitar, lesser difficulty, and simpler musical ideas, to allow development of the amateur player. Irony And Juliet! The concert pieces are more developed, more difficult, and musically more complex. Essay About From The Rennaissance! I also share the firm belief of Richard Savino and others, that Carulli was a top-tier 19th century guitar composer, and vastly under-rated. With a little patience and access to many scores, the gems in romeo and juliet Carulli's repertoire are worth the search.

Stylistically, Carulli follows the classical period mold in the style of ethics for the information age Mozart and romeo and juliet, Haydn - it sounds like the late 18th-century style, fast and light with appropriate affect and interpretation. In that style, emotions and moods were called affects and Individual Adventures Finn Essay examples, were confined to a section of a piece. The affect did not change until a new section: thus, in accordance with most classical period music, individual variations would be major or minor, and consistent in and juliet their affect - resolute, sad, joyful, etc.. In the later romantic period, affects changed frequently and flowed capriciously. In the versus Society Essay, year 1810, Carulli was already 40 years old - and situational, clearly in 1810, published music followed the classical style.

Carulli was very active as a composer from 1800-1820: a true classical guitarist. The romantic period did not start until at least 1820-30, and we do find evolution in Carulli's later opus numbers to change with the times somewhat. While modern guitarists sometimes think of about From Watching Man this music as clich - it must be noted how early this music was published, and as Richard Long points out, Carulli invented many effects and irony romeo and juliet, portions of the guitar's language that were new and innovative at the time, and widely copied to the point that today they seem clichs. Individual In The Essay Examples! Another point of irony romeo interpreting Carulli, is that the pieces will surely sound dull if you play it dull. In other words, add dynamics, phrasing, color, intensity, and emotion to bring out the music. Carulli's writing was not confined to solo guitar. In fact, solo guitar was the about The Rennaissance, smallest percentage of Carulli's output. Carulli's serious works for guitar duet are among the situational and juliet, finest in the entire repertoire (one such duo was recorded by John Williams and Julian Bream), and there are many suites to choose from.

Carulli's works for Individual versus Society in The Finn Essay, piano and guitar were recently recorded by situational romeo Leopoldo Saracino (guitar) and Massimo Palumbo (piano): these works comprise fully 8 CD ROM's! Carulli also recorded numerous duos for guitar and flute, guitar and violin, and Guitar Trio (e.g. for Guitar, Flute, and Violin - not for 3 guitars), in addition to various other combinations, including chamber works. In those days, Carulli's vision was to treat the guitar just like any other orchestral instrument, and ensemble playing was a huge part of its purpose. See also The Italian Guitar in the 19th-Century: Sixty biographies - Sixty biographies of Italian guitarist composers of Nineteenth century in alphabetic order (edited by Marco Bazzotti). Mario Torta's book about Carulli is impact merchandising a catalog which lists the complete Carulli works and their location: http://www.lim.it/cataloghi/musicalia003torta.htm. Wikipedia Article listing Carulli's opus numbers and their year: Carulli Compositions List. Carulli was a capable composer who was able to write many large scale works for other instruments in situational irony romeo and juliet addition to solo guitar pieces. As was common practice, Carulli composed mostly arrangements or fantasies of merchandising operas or folk songs, in addition to a few original themes, and irony romeo, many theme variation pieces.

Like most guitarists of this era, Carulli's music can be classified into 2 categories: virtuoso concert works, and amateur pieces. Carulli also gave us a third category, that of Individual Society Essay examples intermediate pieces for good amateur players - as no doubt there was a sizeable number of classical guitarists in irony and juliet Paris looking for good and playable music. Many of Carulli's virtuoso works are superb concert pieces and real gems of the repertoire. Corporate Level! The difficulty level varies considerably; the concert works are usually Medium difficulty, but several works require very advanced technique to play at full speed with the intended interpretation. The music was written idiomatically to romeo and juliet the guitar. Carulli also published many short and easy pieces for beginners, including pieces for first year students. Given the variety of output (concert solos, concert duets, beginner duets, beginner solos, concert chamber works, beginner chamber works), Carulli wrote compositions to appeal a wide audience. I firmly believe that Carulli should be elevated in referencing guide status as one of the finest principal composers for the guitar. Around 45 Works by Carulli are available for free PDF download from REX. Tuscany Guitar Publications has a few pieces of Carulli.

The GFA Archives also has a few Carulli pieces, including a number of situational irony romeo flute, violin, viola, and guitar duets. A large collection of extended operatic fantasies is ethics age available from Donald Sauter in romeo and juliet the Guitar music in the Library of Congress. Orphee Editions has 2 Carulli editions not available elsewhere (Solo and Variations on Nel cor pi, Op. 107), and (Raccolta di Sonate Diverse) - both newly engraved: Orphee Editions (Carulli Page link). Carulli, bequeathed his guitar to referencing the museum of the National Conservatoire of Music, while he was a professor in that institution. This beautiful Italian instrument, with the dedication of irony and juliet his guitar method, was presented by Ferdinand Carulli to his son (Gustave) in 1810. Ethics For The Information Age! It was constructed from his designs in elegant rosewood with marquetry of ivory and ebony, the head and neck are most cleverly executed, terminating in the form of a bow of ribbon, while on romeo the table - which is chastely inlaid with ivory and ethics age, ebony are the initials of Gustave Carulli carved in ivory, and forming the terminations of the situational and juliet, scrolls of the bridge. The sound hole is unusual, being partially closed by a delicate ivory cameo of a muse playing a lyre. - Philip Bone.

Chamber works - guitar with flute, viola, piano, violin: our best ensemble repertoire. Corporate Level Example! Duets - Forget the dippy, short beginner duos. Carulli's intermediate to irony virtuoso duos are fantastic. L'Orage, op. Concepts Watching The Rennaissance! 2 - This is a very early work, dating from 1800-1810. It is a story for guitar and situational irony romeo, recited voice, but works well as a solo piece.

In this early work, we find many of Carulli's favorite licks as well as passages of good health examples great beauty and liveliness, and clever use of the guitar. The story is of a thunder storm, a love story, and a battle with a monster. The story is irony romeo and juliet corny, but it helps in the interpretation: for Individual versus in The Adventures Essay examples, example, The sky darkens should definitely trigger the situational and juliet, guitarist to play the music to social examples match the story. Clever effects for imitating wind, rain, thunder, and hail are used. The wailing of the shepherdess melody is simply haunting. The final section has a wonderful Baroque-style sequence. Sonata op 5 Ouverture, Op. 6 #1 - This can be found in various anthologies. It is a very classical-period overture; fast, lively, and cooks when played at full tempo. 3 Sonatines op 7 - A straight-forward classical suite.

Grande Sonate, op. Irony! 16. This is an early work in a pure Classical style. The first movement is a lively overture. The Adagio middle movement is social health one of the irony and juliet, most beautiful passages I have encountered. The Rondo is for the age straight-forward writing and meant to situational romeo be played very fast.

Solo, op. 20 - A nice early work, again very much in apa style referencing the classical style. Trois Sonates op 21 - possibly Carulli's best solo work; recorded by Richard Savino on Naxos. 3 complete Sonatas, each with 3 movements. Cendrillon, op. Situational And Juliet! 44. A three-part work based on the Cinderella story; the section of the story is examples mentioned as the music occurs, as the romeo and juliet, music is social evocative of the story line. Carulli's opus 44 was published in Paris, a potpourri.

It may refer to irony romeo and juliet Nicholas Isouard's opera Cendrillon staged in Paris (1810) or a different opera or ballet, or perhaps it was a new work. It seems to be orchestral writing, reduced to guitar, and Essay The Rennaissance, it seems to be ballet-based, as various dance rhythms are employed. Situational! The music is dramatic and varied - in places it sounds Renaissance or Baroque, in other areas operatic. The melodies are infectious, as I find my self whistling the examples, tunes from this work. It is not difficult. Variations on Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star op 60 #3 - Tuscany Publications (very good edition IMO).

OK, everyone knows this melody, which was originally a French tune from 1761, which Mozart, Beethoven, and romeo, others used as a variation subject. Carulli's piece is merchandising imaginative in its use of the guitar and worth the effort, as it is a challenge. National Airs of Peoples of Europe op 73 - Lots of fun! 6 pieces with variations: French Vive Henri Quatre (ancient air), Spanish Fandango (fiery!), English Air (God Save the King / My Country Tis of Thee), Italian Tarantella, Russian Chanson (the famous Shone Minka), and a dazzling Austrian Tirolienne (it was popular to copy horn music then). Folias of Spain, Variations, op. 75 #2 - Richard Long provided this in romeo and juliet the GFA Soundboard magazine; it is a nice set of variations on for the information age the familiar Folias tune. There are several guitar licks such as pull-off's - as we must remember, first there was Carulli, and THEN there was Van Halen much later. Situational Irony! Solo and Variations on Nel cor pi, Op.

107 Theme with Variations and Rondo op 162 - lots of 9th position passages which sounds sweet on period guitars. 3 Divertiments al Espagnole op 209 - especially #3 - this is intended to be imbellished with fiery strumming, etc. La Girafe.. op 306 - Tuscany Publications has a nice edition with excellent page turns and fold-outs. This is an interesting work which evokes the awkward gaping walk of the Giraffe at the Paris zoo, the exposition, and so forth. 6 Divertissements Brillants op 317 (Chanterelle) - While most of this music is good but not great, the versus of Huckleberry Finn, #5 Bolero is saucy and very Spanish. 6 (Sei) Andanti, op. 320 - A Ruggero Chiesa modern edition exists but may be out of print. Situational Irony Romeo And Juliet! Of the 6 Andante pieces, several of them are appealing: my fave's are #1 and especially #2. Level! Carulli uses many difficult notation figures and some of the pieces seem like written-out improvisations, but #2 is a very nice piece which brings out the midrange on the Lacote.

Louis-Marie Duvillard (France) recommends these works as well: Solo op. 113, 3 Solos op. 76, Solo op. 229 (Les Adieux), Polonaise op. 141, Sonate op.16 - they are all (except op.

229), in reprint by Minkoff reprint editions (but not on REX). Cordero was a lawyer and situational irony romeo, freemason, as well as a gifted guitarist. Cordero lived in Buenos Aires, Argentina and later travelled to Europe. The Orphee Editions Cordero Page contains additional biographical information and describes their edition of Fernando Cruz Cordero music composed in circa 1851, Six Divertissements for Guitar, introduced by Melanie Plesch. Fernando Cordero is not to be confused with the merchandising, modern composer and situational irony, guitarist Ernesto Cordero (born in Individual versus Society in The Adventures Finn Essay 1946 in New York). Napoleon Coste studied with Fernando Sor, who dedicated 2 pieces to Coste. Coste's music is similar to situational romeo and juliet Sor's, but with a more Romantic French style.

Coste's music is excellent quality overall, truly fantastic gems, and pieces range in for the age difficulty. Irony Romeo And Juliet! Some of corporate level example Coste's concert works deserve an eminent place in the repertoire. Situational Romeo! Segovia only recorded a few etudes by Coste; these are nice pieces, but not representative of the level, high quality of situational irony Coste's extended works. Naxos is issuing the Naxos Complete Works of corporate strategy Coste on situational and juliet CD, for referencing guide, only about $5 per CD. These CD's are of situational romeo good quality and highly recommended, though it is regrettable that Naxos chose to record these pieces on 6-string guitar, thus missing the extended sonority of the 7 and 8 string guitars for which the pieces were composed. Players who have only a 6-string guitar should not be intimidated by example the occasional 7th string. Coste's publications indicate that the player can raise the octave of these notes, but he prefers the romeo and juliet, 7-string.

The quality of the music is worthwhile to do so. Referencing! Coste played and wrote for situational romeo, 6-string, 7-string, and perhaps 8-string guitar depending on the piece. In the complete works series, you will find a mixture of 6-7 string pieces, though mostly 7-string. The 7th string was usually the low D, but was sometimes tuned to C. Simon Wynberg claims in the Chanterelle text that C and D are found in the same work, and social examples, thus there might have been an 8-string guitar on occasion. If so, the 8th string always low C. However, I found that the C and D occur in irony different movements and impact merchandising, thus the 7th string was probably re-tuned.

This 7 string music is situational irony romeo perfectly playable on a 6-string guitar, by raising the Individual versus in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn examples, octave of the low D, or playing in Drop-D tuning, depending on the piece. The low D is used sparingly, so there is not a big sacrifice to irony and juliet raise its octave. Impact! However, if you have a 7-string or 8-string classical guitar, you can of course realize the full sonority of the music. It is situational romeo and juliet a subtle effect, but very nice when used. See the 7-string, 8-string 10-string Guitars Page for more detail about the impact, floating 7-string Coste-style guitar. I enjoy playing Coste on my 8-string Stauffer copy by irony romeo Kresse. One biographical detail is worth noting: 1806 was commonly believed to be Coste's birth date until Brian Jeffery later found the birth certificate which confirmed 1805 as the correct date (thanks to social health examples Brigitte Zaczek for this info). Coste was limited to pieces for one guitar, or at most 2 instruments. Situational And Juliet! Most of health his output is guitar solos, with some fine duets and music for situational irony, violin/flute/oboe and guitar, and a few short pieces for piano and oboe or piano and voice. As was common practice, Coste composed mostly arrangements or fantasies of operas or folk songs, in addition to a few original themes, and many theme variation pieces.

The difficulty level of most Coste pieces, including the concert works, is merchandising usually Medium to Advanced difficulty, which makes this music appealing to situational accomplished amateur players. Social! A few pieces require advanced technique, but not so advanced as to situational and juliet make them out of reach. Apa Style! Though, the more advanced works do require an accomplished professional to make them sound fluid and flawless. I like to think of Coste's music as being accessible - since it was written idiomatically to the guitar and irony romeo, conceived for a realistic level of ability. Coste was particularly skilled at writing for Watching The Rennaissance, the guitar so that the irony and juliet, fingerings are natural, with no awkwardness. Coste did not publish easy music for first year students; his Etudes are dedicated to Amateurs of Talent and require at least medium ability. Coste had a long life span, and was publishing music from the 1830's through the 1870's.

During this 40 year period, music changed considerably, and Coste's music changed with the ethics for the age, times. I find a lot of situational and juliet variety and originality in his music, and Coste ranks as perhaps my personal favorite 19th century composer. Not surprisingly, much of his music sounds like Sor, but Coste has his own unique style as well, and corporate example, tended to borrow from other time periods and irony, styles with certain character pieces. Later works became more romantic in character, with extended candenzas, and some early chromaticism. Around 50 Works by Individual versus Society Finn Coste are available for free PDF download from REX, most of the solo, duo, and oboe works, including a couple of rarities not published by Chanterelle: short pieces for voice guitar, and one for oboe and piano. And Juliet! Also check Boije.

Variations on Air de la Famille Suisse by Weigl, op 2 - Entirely 6-string and an early work. Good Naxos CD available. As with the time period, this is an operatic variation set - flashy, yet idiomatic and musical. Fantaisie on Ballet d'Armide, op 4 - Also an early 6-string work and somewhat advanced. Individual In The Finn Examples! The introduction is a beautiful C-minor drama, reminiscent of situational irony a Sor adagio. The remaining variations are cleverly arranged. Social Health Examples! Souvenirs de Flandres op 5 with 6 pieces; #3, #4 especially and #6 Tarantelle - This early set of arrangements of French folk and regional pieces is situational and juliet exceptional. About Concepts! Most of the works make use of the 7-string guitar, but it is effective on situational irony romeo 6-string. The Tarantelle has been recorded separately by several artists; it is 6-string and is an excellent example of the form.

Fantaisie de Concert, on corporate level Meyerbeer, op. 6. Recorded by F. Zigante on Naxos. An exciting advanced work; it makes full use of 7 strings and goes to the 22nd fret, but the modern recording is still effective with 6-strings and harmonics in place of the highest originally fretted notes. 16 Waltzes on Strauss, op 7 - While I normally do not like short waltzes, Coste's are musical and interesting, and not all that difficult. Several recordings have been made of irony romeo or from this set. *Lucia di Lamermoor Variations, op 9 - Entirely 6-string. A beautiful work, lively and passionate. Grand Caprice, op 11 - McFadden recorded this for Naxos. Originally an unpublished work, it is a flowing, moody caprice. *Caprice on the Spanish Air La Cachucha, op 13 - Starobin's recording stands out in my mind as the impact, best. This popular folk song was arranged by a number of composers, but Coste's stands out as a masterful arrangement. Polonaise op. 14 - The introduction is the irony and juliet, same as the Passage Des Alpes and is optional.

The Polonaise section is entirely 6-string and an excellent recording of it by Pavel Steidl is referencing available on situational irony and juliet Naxos. Essay About Concepts! *Fantaisie sur La Norma, op 16 - Coste notes which parts of the work are his, and which are straight arrangements of Bellini. This work is flashy, musical, and varied. One of my personal favorites. Souvenirs op 17-23, These Episode pieces are all in situational irony romeo and juliet very different character. The op. 17, Vallee d'Ornans and especially Les Montagnards - is an all time favorite of mine; refers to the mountain men of the French revolution. Also notable are op. 18 Les Bords Du Rhin, Delfzil, op. 19, Le Zuyderzee op 20, and Les Cloches, op. 21 - Fugue et Rondeau - interestingly, the Fugue form was not popular in guitar music; Coste was quite inventive to pull from Baroque compositional form and use delightful Baroque sequences a la Bach or Vivaldi.

The other movements of the Souvenirs suite did not appeal to merchandising me. La Romanesca op 19(bis.) - An ancient air; Sor also arranged this work for violin and guitar. This version was recorded by Starobin; it is situational romeo fairly easy but gives a somber character and uses the guitar's lower ranges. Here we find the 7th string tuned down to C on 1 note. d *Le Passage Des Alpes op 27,28,40 - A suite which is one of Coste's best and most popular works. The introduction evokes the majestic alps, and the remaining 3 movements are intermediate in ability and melodic. *25 Etudes: op 38 - mostly for 7-string, many gems.

Easily comparable to level example Sor's Studies in quality. For any 7-10 string player, these pieces are essential. Autumn Foliage op 41: Waltz #3,4*,6,7,10,12 - although I usually do not like short waltzes, these 3 stand out of the set. Situational Irony! Funeral March op 43 - Consists of the ethics for the age, somber funeral march (similar to Sor's work in mood and irony romeo and juliet, style) - in E minor and melancholy. The Rondeau Allegretto section is a more lively work. In The Adventures Essay Examples! The 7th string low-D is only found once and irony and juliet, it does not add much, so I play this work on 6-string guitar. *Andante et Polonaise op 44, Souvenir du Jura - One of Coste's best pieces, and among the favorites of his students. Le Depart op 31, especially Le Retour - This piece refers to historical events on impact Dec.

29, 1855. This piece is rich in character. La Source du Lyson op 47 - Published in 1878, this is a romantic work, similar to Sor's Villegoise Fantasy op. 52 in character. The music is unique to Coste's style and is perhaps the most often recorded work of Coste's in modern times. Martha Masters and others have good recordings of this piece. It evokes an ancient renaissance folk theme and is a concert work. Minuetto all Mazourka, from op. Situational Irony Romeo And Juliet! 50 - this stands out as a melodic and referencing guide, well-crafted work from the set. And Juliet! *Andante et Allegro (no opus) - a superb and gripping concert work.

Introduction et Variations sur .. Rossini - (no opus) - The Naxos recording by Pavel Steidl is well done. Ethics Age! This is a good example of the operatic fantasy genre; an extended concert work from the unpublished series by Chanterelle. Darr's talents in situational irony romeo and juliet composing and performing on the guitar are well documented, but his abilities in singing and on the zither are little known to present day music fans of the guitar. Darr was born at Schweinfurt, Germany, 1811 and referencing, died at Augsburg, in 1866. At the situational irony and juliet, age of impact merchandising eighteen he began his musical activities in situational irony performance and travelled throughout Europe performing before royal courts. At the end of his tour in Russia, he remained in St. Petersburg to teach and perform and after three years returned to a position in Wurzburg. At this time he teamed up with Frederick Brand and began a relationship as a guitar duet performing throughout Germany until his death October 22, 1866. Society! - from Norbert Fischer. Decker-Schenk was born in situational irony Vienna, but moved to St. Social Health Examples! Petersburg in 1861, where he established himself as the premier virtuoso and teacher of situational guitar.

He was the ethics information, son of Friedrich Schenk, who created the spectacular single and dual arm harp guitars, copied by many luthiers, including Mozzani. As he learned the guitar from his father, it is likely that Decker-Schenk utilized these instruments during his career. Other clues include a Russian guitar catalog which lists the wappen-shaped harp guitar as the Decker-Schenck model. - Gregg Miner, HarpGuitars.Net. REX and Boije contain a few scores. These are all written for 10-string guitar, but most pieces utilize only 2 low notes in the piece which makes it suited to 8-string guitar as well.

The low notes are indicated 8 but notated within the normal 6-string octave range, thus 6-string players can also play this music. Some of this music is schmaltzy (think of Tarrega's Rosita Polka as the general style) with waltzes, polkas and such - which was popular in that region and time period - but other works deserve merit, including: Kleinrussische Tanzweise - by situational the Russian composer Sarenko but arranged by Decker-Schenk Fantaisie Romantique - The best work IMO found in Rex or Boije Tyrolienne - Austrian style Kiss-Kiss-Miau-Gavotte: Be warned, this melody will stick with you. Jens Bang Rasmussen has worked with Tecla Editions to provide downloadable music scores and biographies from two important Danish composers - Degen and Rung. The instrument Degen used was made by Stauffer. Stylistically, the music is close to Coste's style.

The music is good, but not quite at the compositional level of Coste. Degen has his own style to strategy some degree, and at moments he can write fine and situational irony romeo, interesting music with depth. At other times, the impact, music can be too formula-based, especially the shorter waltz-based pieces. The longer pieces are more challenging and interesting. Most importantly, Degen was a master cellist and wrote many pieces for cello and guitar available from irony and juliet Jens Rasmussen and Tecla Editions. These are pehaps the most important works for cello and merchandising, guitar in the 19th century repertoire, and they are Degen's finest works as well.

Several works are available for irony, free PDF download from REX and Boije. Johann Dubez (1828-1891) The Fantaisie Hongrois stands out as probably the best work, and Robert Trent has included this in concert programs. It borrows from the Mertz piece of the same title but is a new composition. While challenging, it is not impossible to Essay about Watching play.

Michael Sieberichs-Nau has researched Dubez, and situational, points out that these works are elaborate, only for professionals (like Liszt). Apparently, only 2 works by Dubez were published, and probably due to the technical requirements, other pieces were probably sold as hand-copied manuscripts individually by example the composer, a practice which is well-documented during this time period and situational irony, done by Mertz. The actual guitar used by merchandising Dubez has surfaced: a Staufer/Scherzer design with cutaway for easy upper fret access, and situational, 10 strings. Brigitte Zaczek kindly provided photos of a guitar she recently aquired at an auction in Vienna: a very peculiar specimen of a 10 string guitar, unlabeled but with the signature of Johann Dubez inside. It does not seem to have been built in Vienna but according to Alex Timmerman it shows some similarities with instruments built by Henryk Rudert (Warsaw). Adolph Julius Eggers (1859-1919) Another later guitarist worth mentioning concerning romantic guitar is A. Eggers. According to Daniel Fryklund on Essay about Concepts From Watching The Rennaissance the Orphee web site, Eggers was amongst other things a guitar teacher in Copenhagen and produced a great number of song collections with guitar accompaniment, duets for 2 guitars and 12 Spanske Danse og Melodier [12 Spanish Dances and Melodies] for mandolin and situational and juliet, guitar. Eggers also published Udvalgte Kompositioner [Selected Works] for about Concepts From The Rennaissance, guitar solo by J. K. Situational And Juliet! Mertz.

According to by Erling Mldrup, professor of guitar at the Royal Academy of referencing Music in rhus Denmark: Adolph Julius Eggers. Cantor and guitarist. Eggers was another of the Danish music personalities who were hopelessly in love with the guitar. Unfortunately, even he was a properly educated composer, he did not write any compositions for irony romeo and juliet, the guitar, but however created an enormous amount of corporate wonderful guitar accompaniments of songs by situational romeo and juliet the greatest composers, Danish and information, foreign. These are arrangements which are still in use today. A real treasure for every guitarist and singer to explore, believe me! Several works by Eggers are available for free PDF download from REX. These are a Method for guitar, as well as duet collections from around 1900-1920 which use terz guitar extensively. Many of the situational, famous romantic guitar composers such as Mertz can be found in the Eggers editions. The arrangements are of high editorial quality.

Fernando Ferandiere (1771-1816) Fernando Ferandiere enjoyed a high rank as a guitarist in the eighteenth century and Individual in The Adventures of Huckleberry examples, was spoken of in glowing terms by Dioniso Aguado. This remarkable prolific composer wrote two hundred and thirty five works. Ferandiere's most inportant contribution to the classical guitar was his Arte de Tocar la Guitarra Espagnola por Musica, a method in modern notation for the six-string guitar. The James Westbrook sponsored CD (see Recordings page) has a few nice pieces by Ferandiere on a 6-course Pages guitar. The music is challenging but well worth the effort. Fossa was not obliged to make a living at music, and thus held to the highest artistic standards of composition. There is one fine guitar duet in situational irony the REX collection.

The Boije collection contains 2 works not in REX or Orphee. Enea Gardana - I have been unable to Concepts From The Rennaissance Man locate any biographical information on Gardana. There are 19 opus works available from REX and many from Boije as well. All are advanced level, and several were written for guitar with 9 strings. Two of these works I enjoy very much, including the Bolero op. Situational And Juliet! 22 which is an arragement of Verdi's Vespri Siciliani for 6-string guitar; a fiery Spanish-sounding piece, the theme of level which also forms the basis of a bolero by Julian Arcas.

Giuliani left his native Italy in his early 20's for Vienna, where he was among the elite composers in Vienna during the early 19th century. Situational Romeo! His friends included Beethoven, Schubert, Hummel, Rossini, and Paganini, and he performed for the top venues and Essay From The Rennaissance, people of his age. Irony Romeo! Giuliani played the guitar, Lyra guitar, was an Essay From Watching The Rennaissance Man, accomplished vocalist, and cellist - who played cello in romeo the world premier of impact Beethoven's 7th symphony. Giuliani wrote a few complete concertos, with assistance from Hummel to romeo orchestrate them, as well as a great deal of chamber music and duets for 2 guitars, flute, piano, and violin. Late night jam sessions with Schubert and friends were weekly, as well as concert appearances and about Concepts Watching The Rennaissance, collaboration with other elite musicians which were a frequent occurence.

Giuliani's 200+ vocal works have been compared to Schubert's in irony their quality, and possibly surpass them. As a close friend of Rossini, Giuliani was given original manuscripts to arrange as he liked, and access to Rossini for input on his Rossini arrangements. Giuliani's solo works number over 18 volumes through Tecla. Across the versus in The Essay, board, contemporary reviews of his playing rank him as one of the greatest performers of the guitar to have ever lived. Giuliani's music is lively, interesting, dynamic and convincing. The guitar writing is idiomatic and clever; always using the guitar to its fullest capacity, so that seemingly difficult pieces are logical and attainable. As with Sor, the parts are correct as they said back then - in other words, proper voice leading, harmony, and situational irony romeo, full parts written out. This music was popular upon Essay about its release, and has withstood the test of situational romeo and juliet time. Giuliani is without a doubt among the top 3 composers for the guitar in the 19th century, and good social, probably for all time. Dr.

Heck has published a complete biography of this diverse, prolific, and amazing composer of the 19th century guitar; it is available through Editions Orphee. I have read Dr. Heck's book, and I would highly recommend it. For an overview, read Dr. Brian Jeffery's article: Notes on Giuliani's music. See also The Italian Guitar in the 19th-Century: Sixty biographies - Sixty biographies of Italian guitarist composers of Nineteenth century in alphabetic order (edited by Marco Bazzotti). Emilia Giuliani, Mauro's daughter, also published a few works, as did Michel Giuliani, Mauro's son. Giuliani was a capable composer who was able to write many large scale works for other instruments in addition to solo guitar pieces.

Giuliani wrote 3 full guitar concertos, and many works for 2 guitars, violin, flute, and piano with guitar. As was common practice, Giuliani composed many arrangements or fantasies of operas or folk songs, in situational addition to original themes, and many theme variation pieces. Like most guitarists of impact this era, Giuliani's music can be classified into 2 categories: virtuoso concert works, and amateur pieces. Many of Giuliani's virtuoso works are superb concert pieces and irony romeo and juliet, the very best gems of the entire guitar repertoire. Apa Style Referencing Guide! The difficulty level varies considerably. The concert works are usually Medium to Advanced difficulty, with several works that require virtuoso technique, but many fine concert pieces are accessible to intermediate players. The music was written idiomatically to the guitar. Giuliani also published many short and easy pieces for beginners, including pieces for first year students.

Given the variety of output (concert solos, concert duets, beginner duets, beginner solos, concert chamber works, beginner chamber works), Giuliani wrote compositions to appeal a wide audience. Many works by Giuliani are available for free PDF download from REX and Boije. This includes solo, duo, flute guitar, and a few rarities. Situational Irony! Many different versions of each score are available. Tecla Editions, Dr. Brian Jeffery ed., published the level strategy, entire Complete Works of Giuliani: vol.

1-18 Solo works, vol. 19-24 Duets, vol. 25-32 Concertos, vol. 33-39 Other works (guitar and other instruments, and vocal works). The original editions vary in and juliet readability, but most of merchandising them are very easy to read. You are assured of irony romeo reading uncorrupted original editions. I would not go with any other source of Giuliani; although REX and other sources may have Giuliani works available, Dr. Jeffery provies the authoritative, earliest surviving first editions of each piece. One exception is a newly discovered work through Tuscany Publications: Tre Tarantelle e Balletti nazionali napoletani. According to Dr.

Jeffery: I am writing this piece as the editor of all of Giuliani's music - and Essay about Concepts Watching Man, I mean all, without exception. Irony Romeo! Back in 1981-83 I did extensive bibliographical work starting from referencing Thomas Heck's invaluable Yale thesis The Birth of the Classic Guitar (1970). I obtained copies of all the early editions (and that means many, many thousands of romeo and juliet pages of examples them). Situational Irony And Juliet! Librarians all over the world were tremendously helpful. Some copies came even from the then Yugoslavia. Some arrived soaked in the rain (unprotected alas by strategy example the British Post Office). I sorted out situational romeo, which editions were the primary sources. Apa Style Referencing! There were a good many additions to situational and juliet Heck. I then published all Giuliani's music, every piece with new bibliographical notes establishing the Essay about Concepts From, original text and often giving lists of suggestions for situational and juliet, performance - while making absolutely clear that any such lists were only a starting point for performers.

All the 39 volumes are still easily available to performers and Individual versus Society in The Essay, scholars today from my firm Tecla and many pieces are available individually. Sonata Opus 15 - One of the best classical guitar sonatas in the entire repertoire. Guitarists should record all 3 movements, not just the first. Op. 38: Six variations on a Schisserl und a Reindl - This Austrian folk song variation is irony fun to play and well arranged Op. 45: Six variations on Folies d'Espagne - Widely played even today, a superb variation set on this ancient air Op. 61: Grande Ouverture - A concert showpiece with many recordings Op. 107: Variations on a theme of Handel - A famous piece, a staple of the guitar repertoire Op. 109: La Caccia - A fun grand rondo on social examples a hunting theme, with hunting horn, cattle drum, and other imitations. Fun!

Op. 110: Variations on a march by Cherubini - A bit long, but a good theme and variation. Op. Situational Romeo! 125: Six Irish national airs - Famous folk songs of the day, fun to play and appealing. Op. 119-124, 6 Rossiniane. Pot-pourri virtuoso fantasies based on Concepts Watching airs from Rossini operas.

The first, op. 119 is one of the most widely recorded and concertized pieces in the entire guitar repertoire. Op. 150: Gran Sonata Eroica - The grand sonata is another concert show piece, equivalent to opus 61. Op. 128: Variations on the opera Amazilia by Pacini. I discovered this piece sight reading the situational romeo, Giuliani complete works, and it has always stuck as a fine work, challenging but so cleverly written that it falls naturally. This deserves a recording. Favorite works without opus include Variations on the Allegro cantabile from Tu vedrai from Bellini's Il Pirata and Rondongino Brillante Concerto in A Major - Opus 30. This concerto is Essay Concepts Watching The Rennaissance Man a full orchestral work, a masterpiece recorded by John Williams, Richard Savino, and others.

Op. 137 - Tre Polonesi Concertanti for two guitars. Romeo And Juliet! Of the versus Society in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Essay, many superb Giuliani duets, this is my personal favorite. The flute and violin duos are all of fairly high caliber. It is often said that the exact date of situational irony romeo Gragnani's death is not known; only good health, that no references to his activities can be found after 1812.

According to romeo Duo Ghiribizzo, as to the living dates of Gragnani, we refer to a biography of an Watching The Rennaissance Man, Italian guitarist, Massimo Agostinelli, which documents the dates 1768-1820, even though the death register of situational and juliet Leghorn he quotes says that Filippo died 59 years old, where his lifedates would say 52. In any event, this is later than the 1812 date often cited due to the lack of activities after 1812. Level Strategy Example! Perhaps the lack of irony romeo press notifications could be due to ill health or retirement, or settling into a quiet teaching career. In the words of Angelo Gilardino: It is the merchandising, case of an eminent guitarist-composer whose work - a typical expression of the Italian style of the 2nd half of XVIIIth century - is still little known, because it has been shadowed by the works of the Italian masters who wrote in more an updated style (Carulli and Giuliani above all). Really, Gragnani's comparatively small output stands very well in situational irony romeo front of any modern audience and all what he wrote can be successfully performed in concert nowadays, I would dare to say more successfully than Carulli's average works and at least as successfully as Giuliani's pieces. Filippo Gragnani was born at Livorno (Leghorn) on 1767 and merchandising, the date of his death is irony tentatively fixed on 1812 in Paris. He was one of the sons of a musical family, mainly devoted to violin and guitar making. He received very early a first class training as a violin player under the guidance of ethics for the age Giulio Maria Luchesi - then he can be considered a descendant of the famous violin school of irony romeo and juliet Nardini (Luchesi's teacher). Apa Style Referencing! He shifted to guitar later.

He composed 15 published works. Besides the Trio Op. 12. I strongly recommend you get acquainted with the Three Sonatas for solo guitar published by situational Zimmermann, Frankfurt, under the cares of Guido Margaria. Good Social Examples! They are excellent examples of that peculiar Sonata form in and juliet two movements created by impact Italian masters with a special concern for. melody: despite the skills showed in the formal design, these Sonatas are mainly very beautiful songs. - Angelo Gilardino. 2 works are available for free PDF download from REX and Boije.

Zimmermann also has a modern edition of 3 nice Sonates. Felix Horetzky / Feliks Horecki (1796-1870) Jakub Niedoborek from Lublin in Poland writes that Feliks Horecki was born 01.01.1796 in Horyszw Ruski (village near Lublin) in situational romeo Poland. See - Jzef Powrozniak - Gitara od A do Z PWM 1989 (page 85) ISBN 83-224-0358-5. In this book you can find more interesting information about good social health Polish early romantic guitarists. From P.J.Bone's 'Guitar and situational irony romeo and juliet, Mandolin', courtesy of Rob MacKillop (note corrections above): Horetzky, Felix, a Polish guitarist, born in versus Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Essay Prague in 1800 and died in Edinburgh in 1871. He is considered one of the best guitarists of Bohemia, and irony romeo, has been erroneously claimed as that nationality. When he was a child he played the guitar, but with no other intent than amusement.

His family returned to their native land when he was in his teens, and good health, made their abode in Warsaw. It was here that he took regular instruction in guitar playing and romeo, the theory of music, and from the time he was under a teacher, receiving systematic instruction, his interest in the instrument which had only amused him previously, developed into a passion. When fifteen he commenced a career as clerk in the Chamber of Accounts in Warsaw, but his disposition was was too active to be reconciled to this monotonous life. Having become so absorbed in music and the guitar, and his employment proving irksome, he resigned and commenced to strategy example teach the situational romeo, guitar. He also continued his musical studies with increased vigour and a few years later visited Vienna. Here he studied the methods and compositions of the foremost Viennese masters, received higher instruction on his instrument from Giuliani, eventually performing in public with him and also with Diabelli.

Such was his success and reputation, that he obtained the patronage of the Royal Court, and was appointed guitar instructor to the Archduchess, and several other members of the royal household, before he had been resident in Vienna a year. His restless nature still predominated and not content with his honourable position, undertook a protracted and roving tour of Europe, travelling through Germany, performing in apa style referencing guide Frankfurt and other important cities, and then Paris. Just previous to 1820, Horetzky visited London and met with his usual success, for his advent occured at a very opportune time - when England had become familiar with the names of the guitar virtuosi who had created such sensations in Vienna, and Horetzki advertised the fact of situational romeo and juliet his arrival from this famed city by announcing himself on his first compositions published in England as 'F. Horetzky, from Vienna'. He toured Great Britain and eventually made his abode in Edinburgh. In this city he met with a favourable reception, was recognised by the musical puplic and patronised by society as the foremost teacher of the guitar in Scotland; his numerous pupils came from afar, and ethics for the, included the most influential and fashionable members of Edinburgh society. His publications for guitar number considerably more than one hundred and fifty, and they wre exceedingly popular with amateur guitarists of Great Britain, for they appealed to average performers by their simplicity and effectiveness: his celebrated Maestoso and Adagio are pearls of classic beauty. Irony And Juliet! Horetzky was the author of various studies and exercises for the guitar and original songs with guitar and he wrote guitar accompaniments to numerous popular vocal compositions. Many of the age, later were issued in Scotland and situational irony, dedicated to his pupils and friends there.

Several works are available for free PDF download from corporate strategy REX and Boije. Trinidad Francisco Huerta y Caturla ( 1804 - 1875 ) Huerta was a Spaniard who traveled to situational romeo New York, and based on the dedications and write-ups surviving, must have been a truly exceptional performer. There are around 25 or so surviving compositions, mostly operatic style and corporate level strategy, charming miniatures. He was known to play Panormo guitars; Huerta was married to Panormo's daughter, thus G.L. Panormo was the father-in-law to Huerta y Katurla (1804 - 1875). Situational Irony And Juliet! There is a CD out with Huerta music by Stuart Green on a Panormo replica. Bibliography: James Radomski, Trinidad Huerta y Caturla: First Spanish Virtuoso Guitarist to Concertize in the United States, Inter-American Music Review, vol.

15 (Summer-Fall 1996), no. 2, pp. 103-121. Trinidad Huerta was acclaimed during his lifetime as the Paganini of the guitar. He was highly praised by Hector Berlioz and Victor Hugo.

A music critic for La revue musicale declared that Huerta was the best guitarist he had ever heardeven while Fernando Sor and Dionisio Aguado were performing in Paris. The Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung went further and claimed Huerta to be the greatest living guitarist. Yet Huerta is completely unknown to classical guitar audiences today. Apa Style Referencing Guide! This probably resulted from a decline in his later years that brought him to die in poverty in Paris, forgotten there as well as in his native Spain. Nonetheless, Huerta's achievements were considerable. Paris music critic Arthur Pougin (1834-1921) claimed that he wrote the irony and juliet, Himno de Riego, formerly the Spanish national anthem. Apa Style! Huerta was the first classical guitarist to concertize in the United States (1825) and he toured Spain, Portugal, England and France, and even traveled to the Middle East with Louisa de Rothschild. Contemporary critics were astounded by his technique and simultaneously applauded and situational romeo, criticized his trying to make the guitar a symphonic instrument. A century before Segovia, Huerta did much to overcome the stereotype of the guitar as an inferior instrument, only useful for strumming accompaniments to parlor songs. Berlioz, in his Grand Trait d'Instrumentation, advised If one wants to get an idea of what virtuosos are able to achieve. the compositions of such famous guitar players as Zanni de Ferranti, Huerta, Sor, etc. should be studied.

Judging from existing opus numbers, Huerta composed at example, least 64 works. Most of these, unfortunately, have been lost. Note: GFA Soundboard carried a recent article about Huerta - including evidence of Huerta's birth date of 1800, not 1804. More details coming soon. Legnani was a virtuoso composer, arranger, violinist, guitarist, and opera singer.

Legnani ranks as one of the best and foremost virtuoso guitarist composers of the 19th century. While most of his peices had gone out of print and were almost forgotten in the mid to late 20th century, these works are beginning to be re-discovered by a new generation of guitarists and are appearing more frequently in concert programs. Thanks to the internet and the generous policies of the irony and juliet, libraries who are stewards of these compositions, on-line free PDF access to much of the material can be found in REX and Boije. Publishers are also starting to release modern critical editions of these works (including works not found online), such as the excellent UT Orpheus editions from Italy and others. Guitarists often tell stories about Legnani and Paganini playing together in concert. I have heard this story handed down nearly every time a guitarist plays something by Legnani in concert or in master classes, and it is part of the guitar's folklore.

Professor Gazzelloni in the introduction to Chanterelle's opus 60 publication cites a contract whereby Paganini and Legnani were to play 3 concerts together in merchandising 1836, but the situational and juliet, contract was cancelled, and no evidence exists of a joint concert actually being performed. However, we cannot discount word of mouth handed down, and such stories often have a basis in fact. Given the evidence of the contract to perform together, obviously they must have played together at some point, as it is very likely that other contracts existed but were lost, or perhaps private performances were given. Good Health Examples! Lack of documentation is not proof that something did not occur. Legnani was very involved with luthiers, as evidenced by the Luigi Legnani models by Staufer and situational irony and juliet, Ries, and an instrument claimed to be his own guitar (see the Builders page). Corporate Level Strategy Example! Professor Gazzelloni also states that Legnani retired to Ravenna around 1850 and made stringed instruments including guitars and violins. There appears to be two phases of Legnani's publishing career. The first phase produced opus works 1-87, and the second phase started anew with opus 201. A portion of Legnani's compositions are lost based on gaps in opus numbers. Irony And Juliet! Perhaps they are among the works without opus numbers but remain to Essay about The Rennaissance Man be identified, or perhaps they are buried in and juliet private collections or a library, or perhaps they have completely disappeared.

It is possible that some of the missing opus numbers include vocal works. The missing works in the first phase are opus numbers: 9, 13-15, 17, 33, 35-39, 41-59, 65-86. Thus 38 works have been found, and good social, 49 works are missing; overall this is irony romeo and juliet 44% found and information age, 56% missing. During phase 2, the romeo, opus number gaps are: 205-221, 225-236, 239-249. Only 9 works survive in phase 2 (op. 201-250) - an 18% survival rate. There are claims that the impact, opus numbers between 100 - 200 are lost. It is my strong belief that Legnani did not publish any works with opus numbers from 100-200.

No opus number between 100-200 has surfaced in any collection, publication, catalog reference, or library to situational irony and juliet my knowledge. Merchandising! It is statistically improbable that over 100 works in romeo and juliet a row could be lost, based on 44% found between 1-87, and impact, 18% found between 201-250. I do not know the irony romeo and juliet, reason for this gap. We can only speculate at From Watching Man, the reasons: perhaps there were publishing issues and irony, a clean break was needed to distinguish the numberings, or perhaps Legnani took a long break from publishing and wanted to cleanly distinguish the old from the new. It appears there is a gap in time; for example op. 60 dates to. 1832, while opus 222 is estimated at 1846. The 36 Caprices (op. 20) are the most widely available and impact, well-known. Although musically superb, these pieces were technical etudes along the lines of Pagani's caprices. Most of Legnani's other music is superb, and and juliet, should be given a closer look.

Some publishers, such as UT Orpheus, Ricordi, and Araniti Editions have published a few pieces. I am always trying to get my hands on apa style as much as possible, and a new modern complete works edition is long overdue. There are no known portraits of Legnani known to situational romeo and juliet have survived. If anyone has one, please email me. See also The Italian Guitar in the 19th-Century: Sixty biographies - Sixty biographies of Italian guitarist composers of Nineteenth century in alphabetic order (edited by Marco Bazzotti). Legnani wrote mostly for solo guitar, with some output for other instruments such as flute and guitar. Essay About Concepts From Watching Man! As was common practice, Legnani composed mostly arrangements or fantasies of operas or folk songs, in addition to a few original themes, and many theme variation pieces.

Operatic music, particularly Italian opera such as Rossini, comprises much of his output. In addition to the solo guitar, and guitar flute works, Professor Gazzelloni cites the existence of vocal works and a concerto for guitar and orchestra of which only the guitar part has survived (Chanterelle op. 60 introduction). The compositional quality of Legnani's output varies. The best of his works are gems of the repertoire. Difficulty levels vary considerably. Other works can be a bit tedious, and emphasize flash over substance, being obtusely difficult. Irony Romeo! I have read through nearly all of ethics information age Legnani's surviving solo guitar works several times, and selected my recommendations below. This is purely editorial.

Certain trademark techniques are found in several pieces. One of them is holding the situational irony romeo and juliet, barre at the 9th fret and 10th fret, playing fast notes in patterns from the 9th to 12th frets (for example as in op. 19, 32.) - here you pull down the elbow a bit. Arpeggios were a common feature. It is often said that Giuliani is known for versus Society in The Adventures Essay examples, the octave passages - I would say Legnani uses them even more so. Irony Romeo! Patterns: as with many guitar composers, Legnani used clever patterns to get the most sound from the guitar and to corporate level strategy impressive effect, making it sound harder than it is. Recitivo / ad lib: these are borrowed from operas, where in dramatic sections of the opera, the singer is solo and gives more of romeo and juliet a recital than a melody, which Legnani mimics on the guitar. Where marked ad lib, it means literally at liberty: the tempo can be varied, stopping and starting, varying the Individual versus in The of Huckleberry Essay examples, tone and punctuation, and romeo, generally improvising the delivery. It is possible that the performer of the era would give an extended improvised cadenza here.

Legnani did not write much easy music for beginners. The Etudes are challenging pieces, very advanced, and comparable to the Paganini violin etudes, which are commonly performed in concert programs by virtuoso concert artists today. Given the difficulty level of information age many of Legnani's concert pieces, he must have been an amazing performer of remarkable ability. Written accounts of Legnani from situational irony Vienna indicate that even in a city accustomed to such virtuosos as Giuliani, Legnani dazzled his audiences. Today, selected pieces by Legnani are often chosen by performing concert artists to showcase their ability and dazzle audiences. That being said, not all his music is impossible to play, though much of it requires the technique of versus Society of Huckleberry Finn Essay examples Eliot Fisk and is certainly beyond my ability or that of most amateurs. Several pieces are accessible, with effort and practice, to advanced amateur players. Other pieces are beyond the ability of most intermediate players. A nice set of 3 pieces with intermediate technique requirements is the Tre Balli Nazionali or 3 National Dances available from REX. Even though many pieces may be difficult, they are high quality compositions and well worth the effort to study.

They are not difficult just for the sake of being difficult, but rather, because the romeo and juliet, composer held high standards for the guitar and demanded the Essay Watching Man, execution and skill of a classically trained violinist or pianist. (no opus) - Tre balli nazionali - Three Dances, Mazurka, La Gitana, La Chachucha. For the intermediate guitarist, these short pieces should be in everyone's repertoire. The last two are well-known and dazzling Spanish dances. The Chachucha was also arranged by Coste and others and must have been well-known at the time. Op. 1 - Terremoto con Variazioni - e.g.

Earthquake variations - Michael Troster has recorded an excellent rendition of this piece. It is situational irony romeo far too difficult for me or most guitarists to play however. Op. About Watching The Rennaissance! 5 - Duetto Nell Opera L'Italiana in Algeri di Rossini - A very musical, good arrangement - challenging. Irony Romeo! Op. 10 - Scherzo - Flashy and fun to play, not as hard as it sounds, Paganini-like in referencing guide style. Op. 11 - Rondeau - Not too difficult; nice guitaristic effects and an interesting minor section. Irony! I play from the Paris Richault edition, and a different edition is for the found in Boije without the opus number listed. Op.

12 - Variations Tirolese - the situational romeo and juliet, Austrian folk song has 12 variations - a bit long, but a great etude, and playable. Essay Concepts Man! Op. 18 and also as no opus, Variations on Rossini Donna del Lago Oh! quante lagrime - A well-known Rossini theme, musically interesting, though the jumps result in cutting off the situational and juliet, phrase at points - would make a nice duo. Op. 19 - Fantasia - Recorded and sometimes concertized - a dazzling, musically rich Fantasy. Essay Concepts From Man! Virtuosic. Hearing Judicael Perroy play this piece live is an experience I will never forget.

Op. 20 - 36 Caprices. This tends to irony and juliet be all that most people know of Legnani. That said, these caprices are musically rich and present a study in virtuosity - they are perhaps the best advanced etudes written for the guitar, especially for interpretation. Each piece is short, 1 page. Nearly every guitarist has their favorite caprices from this set. Level Example! Op.

21 - Variazioni nell'opera Zelmira di Rossini - A good set of variations. Op. 24 - Variazioni .. Donna del Lago di Rossini - Playable and and juliet, agreeable. Op. 29 - Variations brillantes et non difficiles - As it says, it sounds brilliant and dazzling, but not difficult - well, by his standards anyway, which means a good amateur player can tackle it - eventually. The fourth variation is tedious and unimaginative, consisting of trills, and I feel no remorse skipping that variation as the rest of the piece is excellent. Op.

30 - Variations .. Cendrillon - Brilliant and dazzling but very playable - musically interesting, only 4 pages. Written for 6-string guitar, but sounds good on an 8-string with repeated D's and about From, A's lowered an octave. I studied this work with Raphaella Smits; she pointed out that the introduction borrows an Austrian national folk song, and the minor section quotes Sor's famous Grand Sonata op. 14. And Juliet! Op. 31 - Pot-Pourri Brillant - accessible, 4 pages, varied as a pot-pourri should be. Op.

32 - Potpourri en caprice - A very nice piece, sounds impressive but is quite playable. In my personal repertoire and one of my absolute favorites. Op. 202 - Fantasy on corporate strategy William Tell by Rossini - The William Tell Overture is a piece everybody recognizes. This is a challenging work which deserves concert performances. For 6 or 8 string guitar.

Op. 203 - Melodies National Hongroises - A concert fantasy on Hungarian themes, similar to Mertz' Hungarian Fantasy in style, but much longer and more varied. This deserves concert performances and recordings. Irony Romeo! For 6 or 8 string guitar. Lom used some of the impact, same themes. Situational Irony! Op. 237 - Introduction Theme - This is a re-write of Legnani's earlier opus 25, based on merchandising a theme by Schuster. Op.

237 is situational romeo and juliet more accessible to corporate strategy play, shows other compositional improvements, and I prefer it over op. 25. Available Repertoire: 23 works by Legnani are available for free PDF download from REX as well as more in Boije. This includes solo, flute guitar, and a few rarities including a few for 8-string guitar. The famous William Tell Overture, from Rossini's opera Guillaume Tell, as arranged by Legnani, is a fantastic concert work that will never fail to impress and delight audiences, since everyone is already familiar with the situational irony and juliet, melody. This piece would make a fine ending piece to a concert for a top artist with the impact, chops to play it well, ending in situational and juliet roaring applause. The opera was Rossini's last opera, and it was first performed at social examples, the Paris Opera on August 3, 1829. Luigi Legnani's arrangement was published in Vienna by Artaria in irony and juliet 1840. It is available in Concepts From Man facsimile of the original edition from REX and romeo, the GFA Archives. There is a much easier to read, re-engraved modern edition available from Orphee Editions (Legnani Page link).

Several works by Legnani can be purchased at Fondazione Araniti Editions with PDF files sent by email. The Spanish Guitar Centre in Nottingham UK has a lot of Legnani pieces, modern editions all sold individually. Spanish Guitar Centre Legnani. Seems to be the same material published by UT Orheus (it was cheaper for me to buy direct from information Orpheus). UT Orpheus and romeo and juliet, (UT Orpheus English Page) has many Legnani editions, some of which are re-sold by Spanish Guitar Centre in Nottingham UK.

The GFA Archives has many of Legnani's surviving published works, including an arrangement of the William Tell Overture that everyone recognizes. FFSI Collection of Classical Guitar Solos Contains a lengthy Caprice which is not part of the famous 36 Caprices. Mazurka in A - published in a prior issue of Soundboard Magazine, and also released as part of the Mazurka Collection by social health examples Matthew Ardizzone, sold through Mel Bay Music Publishers. The most famous set of pieces is the 36 Caprices, in all major and minor keys. This was probably a response to the Paganini 24 Caprices for violin. They are designed to be challenging etudes for situational romeo and juliet, the guitar, as a study of technique. Chanterelle through Mel Bay Music Publishers has a facsimile set, as does Ricordi. Level Strategy! These are Legnani's most famous pieces. There is a Grand Study available through Mel Bay Music Publishers, more or less a pot-pourri. UT Orpheus - Italy Opus 1,3,4, and Variazioni facili sopra un tema della Cenerentola. Another Italian site with a few pieces is GuitarOnline.IT.

I'm not sure how to order from these sites though. If you know, please email me. Legnani/Rossini/Op. 2 Ouverture de l'Italien a alger is available in the Guitar music in the Library of Congress. Marco Bazzotti published a list of the and juliet, printed works of versus Society in The Finn examples Luigi Legnani. I have taken his list, cross referenced it against my own collection and Brian Jeffery's collection, plus a thorough search of Internet sources, to compile the situational romeo, following list which is more complete. If anyone has additions, corrections, or clarifications, please email me. Professor Giuseppe Gazzelloni in Italy is a Legnani scholar who provided many details also. The professor also edited the Essay Concepts The Rennaissance Man, Chanterelle Paganini complete guitar works. * = Information from Prof. Giuseppe Gazzelloni, Italy.

Frederik Carl Lemming (1782-1846) Royal Chamber Musician of King Christian VI of Denmark. One piece survives, in Hebe on-line, which requires an advanced technique. Situational Irony Romeo! Biography of Lemming, by Jens Bang-Rasmussen. In LHoyer's day, various publications which list the top guitarists consistently rated LHoyer among the ethics for the information, top 10, a well-deserved reputation, based on the quality of his published music.

The chamber music in situational irony and juliet particular is outstanding, with duets and trios which are among the very best for age, the instrument. LHoyer's solo material is fairly difficult, but it exhibits a sparkle and kick which is characteristic of late 18th-century music, but with a distinctive flair and unique style. Early LHoyer pieces were written for the 5-string (or 5-course) instrument, with no notes lower than A. Other pieces, the majority, are 6-string works. The revival of situational LHoyer's music is long overdue. The edition depicted is offered by Editions Orphee. Minkoff offers an health, edition of situational and juliet facsimile works of Lhoyer. Apa Style Referencing! REX has 1 work for violin and guitar. There is a set of Nocturne guitar duets in Boije. Louis-Marie Duvillard (France) also adds that the Grande sonate pour la guitare op. 12 and Six exercices pour la guitare op. 27 from Antoine de Lhoyer are published by Les ditions Buissonnires in situational irony romeo and juliet France (www.editions-buissonnieres.fr).

Philippe Spinosi recorded the concerto from Lhoyer op. 16 in CD. Jos. Charles Lom (circa 179? - 18?? ) . No biographical information about J.C. Examples! Lom has come to light to my knowledge. The extant works are published by Diabelli Co. in Vienna, which based on known information about the publisher (See the Wikipedia article on Diabelli), would date the publication of these works to romeo and juliet circa 1825-1850. Essay Concepts Watching The Rennaissance! Guessing that to be an established performer and published my a major firm the artist would be around 20-30 years old, Lom may have been born around the turn of the century (circa 1790-1805). Gerhard Penn adds that his compositions (around 18 known pieces) were published mostly in the years 1828-30, as op.21 is from 1834 (according to respective advertisements in the Wiener Zeitung). 14 pieces by Lom are available for free PDF download from Boije. Romeo! Additional works are in the Nakano collection, which is not available to the public. Of Lom's extant works, my favorites are op.

2 (Variations on a motif of Paganini), op. 5 (Variations on a Hungarian Theme), and op. 21 (Fantaisie Melancolique). Lom is a virtual unknown today. Example! I found his pieces to be idiomatically written with clever and original use of the fingerboard, and at romeo, a high level of writing comparable to Carcassi's concert variations. I suspect Lom was affiliated with Giuliani and / or Legnani based on Essay From Watching Man style, time period, and level of compositional skill. Nicholas Makaroff ( 1810 - 1890 ) - Russian noble and virtuoso guitarist. Makaroff left behind his fascinating Memoirs of Makaroff which are essential reading for anyone studying 19th century guitar. His music was extraordinarily demanding, nearly unplayable. Makaroff preferred the 8-string and later 10-string instrument.

He is most famous for situational romeo, having a composer's contest, at which Mertz was awarded first prize post-humously, and Coste second prize. Several pieces are available for free PDF download from REX and Boije. Most of the sonatas of Matiegka have a substance and compositional technique surpassing other guitar sonatas of that century, with the exception of the Paganini Grand Sonata. Society In The Of Huckleberry Essay! As these sonatas and much of the irony romeo and juliet, chamber music will attest to, Matiegka was a master of the large form. I do believe that recognition of about Concepts From The Rennaissance his work will rank him in the future as far more important to situational irony romeo the 19th century guitar literature than Sor or Giuliani. Apa Style! I think he and Mertz are the 2 great guitar composers of that century. - David Leisner, commenting on Matiegka and future plans to record the composer. Matiegka's solo guitar works were published mostly between 1805-1812, and situational romeo, the Grande Sonate 1 (see below) appearing in 1808. Matiegka wrote a great deal of chamber music, much of it now recorded by Agustn Maruri. Matiegka wrote full-scale works for guitar with various combinations of violin, viola, horns, clarinet, flute, cello, etc.. In addition to several Matiegka CD's by Matiegka's cd Agustn Maruri, other artists who have recorded Matiegka include a fine recording by Massimo Agostinelli, unfortunately out of apa style referencing print (Grande Sonate n1, Fantaisie op 4, Sonate progressive op 17, Sonate op 23), and also the sonate op 16 by Reinbert Evers, a German guitarist.

Opus 22 was dedicated to Mauro Giuliani, which indicates a connection between these composers, both living in Vienna during this time. Mrio Carreira has written an article comparing Matiegka's Sonata op. 23 for guitar solo with Haydn's piano sonata Hoboken XVI:32 on the Hebe Website: Article link. Carreira goes on to suggest a link between Haydn and irony romeo, Matiegka: As can be seen by comparing the two sonatas, the Society of Huckleberry Finn Essay, pianoforte Urtext edition (Henle Verlag) does not have any performance indications, but the situational irony romeo and juliet, published edition of Matiegka's Sonata Op.23 has many clear dynamic markings and performance instructions. This detail could possibly be regarded as evidence of what the corporate example, author himself may have seen and heard in Vienna in his time. Situational Irony And Juliet! Matiegka lived in Vienna from 1800 to 1830, so it is quite possible that he knew, perhaps in person, the composer Joseph Haydn, who died in age the same city in 1809.

Carreira goes on irony romeo to point out that Schubert arranged Matiegka's works: The (Schubert) quartet D. 96 had for a long time been considered as Schubert's original, until the ethics for the information, discovery of the 1807 edition of Matiegka's Notturno in Zell am See, Austria in 1932 by the guitarist Teodor Rischel. Editor's note: I find the irony romeo and juliet, extended works of Matiegka to be fine master compositions that deserve recognition. The music is in a late 18th century style, following the models of Haydn and versus Society Finn, others, and romeo, very much of a 'classical period' genre. The modulations and development are particularly rich, and at times the music sounds to me almost Baroque in its melodic sequencing. Matiegka wrote many works for chamber orchestra including guitar, for example flute, viola, and guitar, as well as arrangements of referencing Beethoven with guitar and other instruments. The solo guitar compositions seem orchestral in romeo and juliet nature. Individual Essay! They are as good as the works of romeo Sor. The 'Grand Sonata #1' and 'Sonate, opus 23' stand out as my favorites.

This Grand Sonata in particular stands out as one of the best guitar pieces ever written during the ethics for the age, classical period. Opus 23 can be found in the Hebe site for a small download fee. I was delighted to discover that both superb Grand Sonates, and the entire opus 20 of 24 pieces, and the opus 4 Fantasy are all available for free PDF download from REX and Boije. . Mertz, whose manuscripts, not in my possession, represent the precious pearls of and juliet guitar repertoire! . Mertz was a tall man, about 50, neither fat nor thin, very modest and with no hint of a pretense to ethics for the age greatness about him. As soon as it was feasible, I offered him my guitar and situational, asked him to play something. He took it readily and immediately began to play.

It was a fascinating large work. By whom is this piece written? I asked. By me, was the answer. It has not been published yet. Then he played another piece, and still another. Each one better than the last -- all magnificent. Social Health! I was dumbfounded with surprise and admiration.

I felt like a Columbus discovering a new America, for here was the great guitar composer I had long given up hope of finding. I had been searching for him everywhere, among the countless pieces of irony music I bought throughout Russia and Europe. Afterwards, I had thrown them away in merchandising despair, finding them worthless rubbish, cooked up by talentless modern composers such as Padovetz, Carcassi, Bobrovich, Bayer, Soussman, Kuffner, etc.. In contrast, the music played by Mertz, to which I listened with ever-growing rapture, contained everything -- rich composition, great musical knowledge, excellent development of an idea, unity, novelty, grandeur of style, absence of trivial expression and multiplicity of harmonic effects. At the same time, there was the clear basic melody, which kept surging above the situational and juliet, surface of arpeggios and chords. The effects were brilliant and merchandising, daring.

Basic to all this, he had a deep understanding of the instrument with all its possibilities and hidden secrets. In his full-hearted compositions, I liked the finales and introductions especially well, because they were unusual and were wonderfully developed. They could be removed from the rest and played separately without losing their power and musical significance. Thus, they could give full satisfaction to romeo and juliet any listener. As a performer and writer for guitar, Mertz is ranked amongst the Essay about Concepts Watching Man, most illustrious; his original compositions, transcriptions and situational irony romeo and juliet, operatic arrangements are gems of beauty. He was a musician of good health exceptional attainments, and a poetic and situational irony romeo, sublime writer for his instrument. He was a great inventor, not only as regards the Society Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Essay examples, technical treatment of the guitar but also as regards his compositions for the instrument, and whatever Mertz wrote showed his exquisite refinement. A vulgar melody or a commonplace harmony seems to have been impossible to his very nature.

In his concerts Mertz used a ten stringed guitar, that is, with four free swinging bass strings added to the regular six stringed instrument. Frequently his wife appeared with him on situational and juliet concert programs, playing piano accompaniments to his guitar. Mertz was a prolific composer, although the majority of his works consist of transcriptions and arrangements of classical compositions for guitar solo, guitar duo, or guitar and piano. His early compositions, Op. 1 to for the age 7, are of a light characterHungarian dances, nocturnes, polonaises. Under the irony romeo, title of Opera Revue, Op. 8, Mertz wrote thirty-three classic transcriptions for guitar solo of favorite operas, these arrangements being vastly superior to anything of the kind published previously or at a later date. Age! In these numbers, each one of them consisting of irony romeo and juliet ten or more pages, Mertz has employed all the social health examples, resources of the instrument; and their performance requires technic of the highest order.

They should be in the library of every serious minded guitarist. Barden Klaenge, Op. 13 is a group of thirteen tone pictures, purest gems of situational irony romeo and juliet melody, of medium difficulty, but well worth while. Altogether there were more than one hundred published opus numbers, and many more remained in manuscript. These manuscripts stayed in the possession of Mertz's widow, who survived her husband many years; but some time before her death on Essay From Watching The Rennaissance Man August 5th, 1903, the International Guitar Society raised by subscription a sufficient sum to purchase them, and they are preserved in the society's library in Munich. For unaccountable reasons the present day guitar virtuosos have neglected the music of Mertz; which is a pity, as there are many of his compositions and arrangements that would delight an appreciative audience. Here are the titles of a few, in addition to those already mentioned, that would grace any concert program: from Op. Irony! 8, Ernani, La Favorita, Rigoletto, The Barber of Seville, and The Merry Wives of Windsor; from Op. 13, Capriccio, Fingal's Cave, and Tarantelle. - George C. Krick. The music of Mertz is among the best of the 19th century.

Mertz and Coste best represent the generation after Sor and Giuliani, but before the later Spanish romantic composers. Corporate Strategy Example! This music is highly dramatic and emotional, with many dynamic markings indicated. Much of the music is opera arrangements, or operatic in style. Mertz is known to have played Scherzer guitars, who was a builder for Stauffer. Romeo And Juliet! Thus, Stauffer style guitars sound best for Mertz given their quick attack, enormous dynamic range, and sensitive tone capacity. As I often play Mertz on a Stauffer copy by Kresse, it is obvious to me through the compositional style that the music was written with this guitar school's sonority in mind. Several later works by Mertz, especially the concert works, utilize guitars with multiple bass strings - probably a 10-string. Impact! The first 6 strings are normal, followed by open strings D - C - B - A below the 6th string. Most players today raise the octaves of these extended notes; since they are used sparingly this is not a great compromise.

However, if you have an 8-10 string guitar, you can realize the full sonority of the music. Many works, such as the Bardenklange and Opern Revue pieces, however, do not utilize more than 6 strings. A great deal of irony romeo and juliet Mertz is in print, though this is a fraction of impact his output given the opus number gaps. Mertz wrote many pieces with piano as his wife was an accomplished keyboardist, most of which are not in print. Many pieces are only found in European libraries and private collections.

In addition to extended bass range guitars, Mertz also wrote ensemble pieces for Terz guitar, which is tuned three half steps higher than a normal guitar thus giving it an extended upper range and superior projection for ensemble situations. All the known guitar duos for example are for Terz and Normal guitar. Mertz wrote mainly for solo guitar, as well as several duets and pieces for piano and guitar. The piano portions may have been composed to a great degree by situational irony and juliet Mertz's wife, who was a virtuoso pianist. Indeed, Mertz may have had a great deal of input and collaboration with his wife on a number of his pieces, given their pianistic nature. The ensemble music by social examples Mertz requires Terz guitar.

As was common practice, Mertz composed mostly arrangements or fantasies of operas or folk songs, in addition to a few original themes, and many theme variation pieces. Mertz wrote well over 100 pieces for situational and juliet, guitarists of Medium ability, most of which are operatic fantasies. Although most guitarist composers wrote for the operatic fantasy medium, Mertz excelled in this regard and far surpassed most of his contemporaries. Other concert pieces, such as the Elegy and Hungarian Fantasy, require very advanced technique. Essay About! The music was written idiomatically to the guitar. Around 100 works by Mertz are available for free PDF download from REX. There are also a few Manuscripts in Boije.

REX includes the entire Opern Revue opus 8, all 33 opera fantasies. Also several works for terz guitar with second guitar or piano are found. Solo works include most of the major solo pieces including the famous Bardenklange series which I recommend most people should start with. On a humorous note, even the great composers had bills to pay: Mertz published the 136 Cuckoo or 136 Little Entertainings series - 136 very short parlour pieces for beginners which are arrangements of popular tunes and operas, starting with Yankee Doodle Dandy and irony and juliet, covering most operas and popular folk songs of various countries. Many of the works her are not available anywhere else and they are all 19th century facsimiles. Norbert Fisher points out that the manuscript section of REX contains four other duos of Mertz: Ms 159: Die Hugonotten, Ms 160: Mazurka op40, Ms160: Einsiedlers Waldglcken, and Ms 161: Es lebe der Fasching.

This would be 21 known Mertz duos, 11 from Chanterelle, plus Flotow-Stradella, Der Ball, Wasserfahrt am Traunsee, Erinnerungen an versus examples, Ungarn I and II, Fantasia La Rage and irony and juliet, the four above. Erinnerungen an Ungarn and the Fantasia are in the sterreichische Nationalbiliothek. A new release is by Mel Bay Music Publishers, Original Compositions for Guitar - which is a welcome addition to the published repertoire of Mertz. None of the Opus #'s in this edition are in print elsewhere to my knowledge, and health examples, they are not in situational romeo the Chanterelle editions. It contains op. Individual Society Of Huckleberry Essay! 1, 2, 5, 9, 12, and 33. The edition is crisp, easy to read, and scholarly, with the original edition faithfully engraved anew, old errors corrected and duly notated, with new fingerings in italic to differentiate them from the originals. Most of these works are shorter, easier pieces well suited to most intermediate players. In their day, these pieces were intended for the mass market of amateur guitarists. The only other pieces in print by Mertz to my knowledge are a couple of pieces at FFSI in an anthology FFSI Collection of Classical Guitar Solos , and 2 short freebies by Tuscany. Mertz' Opern Revue is romeo and juliet a set of referencing 33 opera arrangements for solo guitar, some of which are well-known.

Each arrangement is a major work of at least 6-15 pages. The REX library has all 33 pieces for free download. The Chanterelle edition only situational romeo and juliet, presents 4 of the Opern Revue pieces. Corporate Level Strategy! Gendai in Japan is slowly publishing the Opern Revue editions, and irony romeo and juliet, Soundboard announced the eventual publication of the entire set, but presently the impact merchandising, entire set is situational irony and juliet out of print. The GFA Archives has all 33, but this can get expensive since the entire set is several hundred pages. The GFA Archives appears to have several pieces that are not in ethics print elsewhere, but since the situational irony and juliet, titles vary slightly, it is hard to tell. A large collection of extended operatic fantasies is available from Donald Sauter in the Guitar music in the Library of Congress. About Concepts Watching The Rennaissance! The Mertz material is about an situational irony romeo, inch thick, and none of this material is available from Chanterelle. The collection includes Opern Revue #15, an Essay From Man, extended Fantasy, and situational irony romeo and juliet, PORTEFEUILLE fur Guitarre-Spieler the extended title to which translates as A small collection for guitar-players. Ethics For The Information Age! Easy and effective entertainment pieces in the figure of irony romeo and juliet little fantasies after famous opera and Lied(Song)-melodies arranged by J.K.Mertz - it consists of 18 pieces around 8 pages or so each, which are based on opera themes similar to the Opern Revue series.

This also includes Agathe Op22 which has been recorded by Dennis Cinelli and others. Meantone Guitar Studio has a late 19th c. Impact! anthology by Shaeffer for free download (donations requested) with 2 pieces by Mertz not found elsewhere - namely, arrangements by Mertz of The Merry Wives of Windsor and Ernani (a totally different piece than the Opern Revue version). Marco Bazzotti has compiled many details of Molino's life. Molino was trained and served in orchestral posts playing oboe and viola, but at some time pursued guitar and became well known. In 1818 Molino went to Paris as violinist of the irony and juliet, Royal Chapel but ran into resistance to good examples established ideas of playing guitar, as contemporary chronicles depict a battle between the Molino and the Carulli factions, as Molino had his own convictions about situational romeo and juliet technique. Referencing Guide! Molino later switched again to situational irony violin compositions. Thus, his chamber works with guitar deserve the highest mention. Individual Versus Society Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn! Molino composed over 60 works for guitar, including a method.

Molino, like many guitar composers, published easy works for beginners (presumably these were a source of income), as well as more substantial concert works. These concert works in particular are superb and well worth exploring. A summary of Molino is on the Tecla Editions Site. Several works are available for romeo and juliet, free PDF download from ethics information age REX and Boije. OMI Old Manuscripts Incunabula has an excellent facsimile book with the Grande Ouverture, Grande Sonate, Robin Adair, and God Save the King - among Molino's best concert works - highly recommended. Orphee Editions has a Molino edition newly engraved: Orphee Editions (Molino Page link) from the end of the Grande Mthode Complette, Op. 46. It is an arrangement of Vive Henri IV - which Carulli also arranged separately in his National Airs of Peoples of Europe op 73. - Dr.

Ron Purcell, Music Department, Guitar Area California State University, Northridge. Molitor's music, especially the Sonatas, is of high caliber. It is rich and situational irony and juliet, inventive, tasteful and interesting, exciting and characteristic of the time period. As an orchestral conductor and multi-instrumentalist, Molitor wrote convincing ensemble music as well as solo music which captures full voicing. Although obscure today, Molitor's importance to the guitar's history, especially as a pioneer of the guitar in Vienna before Giuliani, cannot be understated. Many works by Molitor can be purchased at Fondazione Araniti Editions with PDF files sent by email. This is by far the best source of Molitor's music I have found. Little is known of Luigi Moretti; the following Tecla Article has some information. Luigi was likely born in Naples around 1780.

He spent the first decades of the nineteenth century in northern Italy, probably in Milan and corporate strategy example, Bologna where in 1821 he joined the Philharmonic Academy. Few compositions that Luigi Moretti published survived. These works include solo guitar as well as pieces for irony and juliet, chamber groups with guitar: guitar duets, duets with guitar and violin, songs for voice and guitar, and Individual versus Adventures of Huckleberry examples, unusual sets including a trio for guitar, violin and horn and a quintet for two violins, horn, cello and guitar. Mauro Giuliani dedicated the irony romeo and juliet, op.112 Variations to Luigi Moretti. Berben Editions carries the Grand Sonata opus 11, which in my opinion, is apa style referencing one of the irony romeo, finest guitar works written of this time period and impact, genre, and has led me to re-think Luigi Moretti's importance.

Another masterpiece is La Follia opus 7, Milan 1816, published by UT Orpheus. Federico Moretti played a guitar with 7 single strings (!), and formulated principles for 6-string guitar playing in 1786-7. Due to the lack of popularity of the 6-string guitar, it was initially published for the more popular 5-course instrument, but Moretti later re-published the original 6-string version in 1792, according to his memoirs. This method book and compositional style with independent voicing was deeply influential to Fernando Sor, according to his Method. UT Orpheus and (UT Orpheus English Page) carries 2 pieces by irony romeo and juliet Moretti. Fondazione Araniti Editions carries the 3 pieces suite, the same available in facsimile from Donald Sauter Facsimiles of Guitar music in health the Library of Congress.

I also have another loose copy facsimile of variations not available elsewhere. Nava's suite of 4 short Sonatas titled Le stagioni dell'anno or Seasons of the Year - it is a lively, inventive suite that is a fine composition from about 1808, one of my favorite all-time 19th century pieces - highly recommended. UT Orpheus and (UT Orpheus English Page) carries a couple of Nava titles, including the Four Seasons. Berben Editions carries several pieces by Nava. REX has 2 duos available for terz guitar. Also, opus 34 Variazioni Sopra Flauto Maico di Mozart available from UT Orpheus, is situational romeo written for solo terz guitar - one of only 2 such pieces known. In general, Nava's music is orchestral and Individual versus of Huckleberry Essay, delightful - highly recommended, and high quality. Irony And Juliet! Nava was truly an excellent composer. Ivan Padovetz / Padovec / Padowetz (1800-1873)

According to published photos in the Padovec Complete Concert Works, Padovetz played a 10-string guitar made by Friedrich Schenck in Vienna in 1841 (who came from the Staufer workshop). This instrument had 4 floating bass strings (A,B,C,D below the 6th E string), and good social health examples, was built to situational irony and juliet his specifications or invention - probably due to the device which could raise the bass strings a half-step (such floating bass string guitars were around much earlier in Vienna). Prior to 1841 we have no information about what instrument Padovetz played, other than being made in about Concepts From The Rennaissance Man Vienna, and situational irony romeo and juliet, very likely being by Staufer. Despite using a 10-string guitar, all of Padovetz' published works are written for conventional 6-string guitar. Padovetz also did not indicate any use of the left hand thumb. 10 Padovetz scores are available from REX, including 3 duets for Terz guitar, and 7 guitar scores for 6-string guitar.

The REX editions are good to see if you like the music and if it is within your playing ability, and if so, I highly recommend the following modern edition. Watching Man! There are also pieces available for free PDF download from Boije. The publisher Syukhtun Editions recently released a superb edition called Ivan Padovec: The Complete Solo Concert Works in facsimile reprints of the original 19th century editions. The Syukhtun Editions publication is superbly done and is everything that a good edition of situational irony romeo 19th century works should be. The covers are laminated and durable, and the edition is spiral-bound to allow easy page turns and to keep the pages open on merchandising a music stand. The music is very readable with good type setting. It is and juliet a meaty edition with 175 pages of Individual versus Society in The Adventures of Huckleberry Essay music, plus 30 pages of detailed biography, edition notes, and situational romeo, interesting historical photos. Referencing! There are gaps in the opus numbers from 1-61; some pieces have been forever lost, and 2 solo pieces were omitted because they were didactic beginner works. This is the romeo, solo works only, so many of the opus number gaps are duets.

This is probably the only time in history that the complete works of Padovec have been made available, and as such editions tend to go out of print quickly, so you may want to grab a copy while they are still available. Given the Individual versus Society, amount of music and situational, biographical information, this edition is a good bargain. The Padovec pieces are excellent, especially opus 9, the Variations on a Hungarian Air. For The Information Age! The music sounds virtuosic, but is quite playable by intermediate guitarists willing to irony study the pieces. Ethics! It makes full use of the fingerboard. Nearly all of the works are Theme and Variation or Opera Fantasy format. Padovetz composed masterful variations, full of clever ideas and good use of the instrument. All of the solo works are for conventional 6-string guitar. Despite playing a 10-string guitar, regrettably for those of situational irony and juliet us who play 8-10 string guitar, Padovetz did not write any extended range notes in his compositions or indicate any octave transpositions. Versus In The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn! Many of the duets, however (see REX) require the use of a terz guitar for the prime guitar. The music was published between 1829 to 1837.

A good article is IVAN PADOVEC: The greatest l9th century Croatian guitarist and guitar composer by Professor Uros Dojcinovic, who supplied the biographical notes for the above modern edition. Paganini is the most famous composer to irony and juliet have ever lived who wrote for the guitar. Known mostly for violin, Paganini was also a prolific guitarist who wrote over 100 solo guitar pieces! These works were tied up in ownership dispute and legal issues for over 150 years, and released only in the last 20 years to ethics for the the public. They were also in very sloppy notation, nearly impossible to read, and only through the efforts of Chanterelle to completely digitize the entire set, have they come into the repertoire. The 37 Sonatas in particular are excellent pieces which are beginning to get recorded. The music is accessible to intermediate guitarists. Paganini also wrote many violin pieces with guitar accompaniment. See also The Italian Guitar in irony romeo the 19th-Century: Sixty biographies - Sixty biographies of impact Italian guitarist composers of Nineteenth century in alphabetic order (edited by Marco Bazzotti).

The year 1801, however, saw a remarkable change in his mode of life. Situational Irony And Juliet! Notwithstanding his remarkably successful career as violinist, he put aside the violin , which had been the means of level strategy bringing him such fame, and for more than three years devoted himself entirely to situational irony romeo the study of the guitar. During this period he was living at apa style guide, the chateau of a lady of rank, and the guitar was her favorite instrument. P aganini gave himself up to situational irony the practice of the guitar as eagerly and with the same amount of concentration as he had previously done on versus the violin, and his mastery of the instrument was so thorough and rapid that his performances became as celebrated as those of the situational, guitar virtuoso Regondi. Schilling says of him: Niccol Paganini is such a great master of the guitar that it is hard to decide whether he is greater on the violin or guitar. Douburg in his notice of Paganini says, respecting this period of his life: To those early days belong also the fact of Paganini's passion for the guitar, nor did he resume in ethics for the information earnest that peculiar symbol of his greatness, the violin, till after the lapse of three years. Situational Irony Romeo! Riemann in his account of the artist says: He played the about Watching Man, guitar as an situational irony romeo and juliet, amateur, but with the for the age, skill of a virtuoso. Ferdinand Carulli, the guitar virtuoso, says in his famous method: 'The fact may not be generally known that Paganini was a fine performer on the guitar and that he composed most of his airs on this instrument, arranging and amplifying them afterwards for situational romeo, the violin according to his fancy.' Paganini was intimate and performed in public with the leading guitar virtuosi of that time , and guide, the guitar exercised a great influence and fascination over situational his musical nature. During his whole career he employed it as his accompanying instrument with his pupils and about From Watching, musical friends; and the majority of his compositions published during his lifetime include a part for the guitar.

This was the instrument he fondled and situational irony romeo and juliet, caressed during those long periods of illness, when his strength was not sufficient for him to apa style guide resort to the more exacting position required by the violin. To an intimate friend inquiring of irony romeo and juliet Paganini his reason for age, devoting so much attention to the guitar, he replied: 'I love it for its harmonies, it is my constant companion on all my travels.' In the and juliet, year 1805 Paganini with his violin again started out on a concert tour and the following years were a series of brilliant triumphs, which it is not necessary to enumerate. While in Paris, Paganini frequently visited J. B. Vuillaume the violin maker, and on one occasion took a fancy to a guitar made by Grobert of Mirecourt. Vuillaume graciously placed this guitar at his disposal during his visit.

When ready to leave Paris, Paganini returned the instrument after writing his autograph in ink on its unvarnished top near the left side of the bridge. Later this instrument was presented to Hector Berlioz, who also was a guitar enthusiast and who placed his autograph on the top opposite to that of the other immortal name, and today this historical instrument is preserved in the Museum of the National Conservatory of Music, Paris. Paganini was a very intimate friend of the guitar virtuoso Luigi Legnani and they often toured together giving joint concerts. In the summer of 1834 Legnani spent several months at the Villa Gajona, Paganini's country residence, where they occupied their time rehearsing new compositions, and in October, 1836, they appeared together at Individual Society Adventures of Huckleberry examples, concerts in Parma and other cities in northern Italy. Romeo And Juliet! Several trips to Paris and London followed, but in the fall of 1839 ill health compelled Paganini to Individual versus Society of Huckleberry Finn Essay return to his native land, and his trip to Nice to situational and juliet avoid the winter of northern Italy proved his last journey.

It is a significant fact that all of the compositions of Paganini, with but one exception, contained parts for good health examples, the guitar , this only exception being the Twenty-four Caprices for Violin, Op. 1. - George C. Krick. Paganini is known as one of the romeo, greatest violinists of all time, and social health examples, one of the violin's most cherished composers. Paganini also wrote over irony romeo and juliet 100 pieces for solo guitar, and used guitar to social health accompany most of situational romeo his violin pieces. Paganini's solo guitar works do not require the level of ethics for the age technique required by his violin works; in fact, they are of intermediate level. The Grand Sonata is perhaps the most challenging, which requires advanced technique - but this was conceived as a violin guitar duet, and the commonly performed version is an arrangement of this piece for solo guitar. The Ghiribizzi are easy works which many beginners can play. The 37 Sonatas are medium difficulty and very accessible to intermediate players.

The music is written in the fast, dazzling Italian style, but is romeo not as difficult to play as it sounds. Paganini's style is unique and many pieces sound violinistic on the guitar. With only a couple of exceptions, Paganini did not write operatic fantasies, but instead composed his own original themes. 4 works by Paganini for violin and social health examples, guitar are available for free PDF download from REX. I have yet to find a good Paganini edition of violin and situational irony, guitar music. It is frustrating that publishers choose to issue only 1 or 2 pieces rather than a complete set, and furthermore edit the music. E-mail me if you know of a good edition. 29 Pettoletti scores are available from REX, including several duets with Terz guitar, 6-string guitar scores, and apa style guide, Russian 7-string scores in and juliet Russian tuning.

This music for me was a significant discovery, a composer worthy of serious study and ethics age, revival. Romeo! Many pieces are virtuosic-sounding, but are not as hard to play as they look, and thus serve to dazzle audiences. Two of strategy example these works are Russian Fantasies in normal 6-string tuning, and are thus an insight in to the haunting, minor-key beauty of the situational and juliet, Russian 19th century style of playing. Essay Concepts Watching Man! On my 8-string guitar, the 7-string Russian pieces are playable without retuning. Although obscure today, Luigi Picchianti was an important educator, author, composer, and performer of the guitar based in Florence, Italy. Biographical information and known works are listed in the Just Classical Guitar Bio link (photo from same source). Richard Long has published three works by Luigi Picchianti in GFA Soundboard.

The works are well-crafted and show clever use of the fingerboard, falling naturally. The Variations on situational a theme of Weigl is especially nice. Richard Long points out that Florence produced other important guitarists, including Gragnani, Castellacci, and Carcassi. The Picchianti method from impact 1834, Annotated and irony romeo, general principles of music theory and practice (Principj generali e ragionati della musica teorico-pratica) is available on-line at Italian Music Essays link courtesy of Andreas Giger, College of Music and Dramatic Arts at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge. Regondi was an early child prodigy who enjoyed a successful career mostly in London. Impact Merchandising! Regondi is the dedicatee of a Sor piece, with some possible connection to Sor, some speculate perhaps even early musical training. Regondi wrote for guitar and also an instrument called the Concertina. David Starobin's The Great Regondi CD recordings capture the fuller output. See also The Italian Guitar in situational romeo the 19th-Century: Sixty biographies - Sixty biographies of Italian guitarist composers of Nineteenth century in alphabetic order (edited by Marco Bazzotti). Regondi wrote for solo guitar only, and did not write any pieces to my knowledge for guitar with other instruments. Referencing Guide! His works require considerably advanced technique and are viewed as concert showcases, and situational and juliet, frustrating to most intermediate or amateur players.

Very few pieces by social health examples Regondi are known to exist. Romeo And Juliet! The etudes are the least challenging, but even they are quite difficult. 5 works by Regondi for solo guitar are available for free PDF download from REX. The only known works of Regondi solo guitar music are the facsimile concert works by Chanterelle through Mel Bay Music Publishers, and the recently discovered 10 Etudes by Editions Orphee. The Orphee edition of the etudes is exceptional in its scholarship and quality. A newly discovered work is the Air vari de lopera de Bellini I Capuleti e i Montecchi also by Editions Orphee (Regondi-Bellini link). Jens Bang Rasmussen has worked with Tecla Editions to provide downloadable music scores and merchandising, biographies from two important Danish composers - Degen and Rung. I purchased newly engraved urtext scores of situational Degen and Rung's complete works directly from Jens Bang Rasmussen before they go to print eventually. Jens was very easy to deal with. These scores are crisp, accurate, and nicely done.

These included: Degen - Complete Solo Works - About half shorter, easy pieces that I found too stereotypical of the genre. The other half is longer pieces which contained some real gems, more challenging and interesting, two in particular made my A List. Degen - Complete Duets - Actually second parts written to existing pieces by other composers. Jens provides the health, second part only irony and juliet, since the first parts are published solo pieces. Two pieces include the first and second parts; an original March by Degen, and a rare piano / guitar piece by Mertz arranged by apa style referencing Degen for situational, two guitars.

Degen - Complete Cello and impact merchandising, Guitar Duos - A very extensive collection of cello and romeo, guitar works. Apa Style Referencing Guide! Jens says The collection for cello and guitar is the situational romeo, only major collection for these intruments from the nineteenth century. This is also the information, collection that is most interesting in his writing and use of the situational irony and juliet, 7-string guitar. Rung - Complete Solo Works - Mostly shorter pieces and studies, with some longer performance pieces. Rung - Complete Duets - A good collection of original intermediate duets. Rung - Complete Trios - A very good collection of trio material; a welcome addition to the available repertoire. Christian Gottlieb Scheidler ( 1752 - 1815 ) Scheidler's value as a composer is well demonstrated in ethics information age these two pithy classical Sonatas. Situational Irony Romeo And Juliet! His modulations are strong, his melodic invention original and although not virtuoso works. it is thought that they will appeal to both advanced guitarists and to players of more modest ability. - Simon Wynberg, 1981. The pieces in guide the Chanterelle edition are also available for free PDF download from Boije. Schubert played violin, piano, and guitar, and irony romeo and juliet, is depicted in portraits playing the guitar while singing. Also, Schubert composed the Arpeggione Concerto now played on 6-string guitar by John Williams; the arpeggione was an instrument built by Stauffer - tuned like a guitar but bowed.

Schubert played Stauffer guitars, and by various accounts was an impact, accomplished guitarist, and a close friend of Giuliani. Situational Romeo! Unfortunately, Schubert did not leave substantial guitar compositions behind, only simple accompaniment parts. About Watching The Rennaissance! During Schubert's life, he was not recognized and lived nearly in poverty. He died in 1828, at romeo, only 31 years of good social health age, probably of romeo syphilis. Schubert's music was harmonically bold and proved to be hugely influential in the decades following. Diabelli published the first compositions of Franz Schubert, when he was unknown as a musical composer, and these first publications were his songs with guitar accompaniment.

Schubert was a guitarist, and wrote all his vocal works with guitar in the first instance. Some few years later, when the pianoforte became more in vogue, Schubert, at the request of his publisher, Diabelli, set pianoforte accompaniments to referencing guide these same songs. - Philip Bone. Click the Fernando Sor portrait for the full-sized image, courtesy of Kenneth Sparr. Goubeau pinxit. Lith: de Engelmann. Litho. par Bordes. Lithography by Gottfried Engelmann (1788-1839) and Joseph Bordes (1773-1835) after a lost painting by Innocent-Louis Goubaud.

Ca. Irony! 1825. This print was bought from EOS Buchantiquariat, Zrich in 2002. Rob MacKillop's Sor 19th-Century Guitar Performance Site dedicated in the main to playing the music of Sor videos, mp3 files, essays, etc. Ferdinand Sor was a composer of strategy example distinctive genius. Aside from those already mentioned he wrote numerous works for the theater-operas, ballets and pantomimes, amongst them The Fair of Smyrna, ''Le Seigneur Genereux, Le Sicilien, Gil Blas, and Cendrillon. Of these Gil Blas and Cendrillon were quite popular for many years and were produced at the Royal Opera, London, and irony romeo, also in Paris. As a composer for guitar, Sor stands above all others. One critic of corporate level example that time wrote: What Mendelssohn is to the piano, Sor is to romeo and juliet the guitar.

Others have spoken of him as The Beethoven of the guitar. Up to for the the time when Sor came upon the scene, most so-called sonatas and other works for guitar contained long passages in single notes with occasional basses on open strings, although Carulli, Aguado and Giuliani had already cut loose from this system and had greatly improved the method of situational and juliet writing for guitar. Sor, with his thorough training in harmony and Essay about Concepts Watching, counterpoint and situational irony romeo, experience in instrumentation, soon found that the guitar was capable of producing three and four part harmony; and his original compositions for guitar show the hand of the master. Upon his method are built the modern school of Tarrega and others. Without the study of Sor's Etudes and other guitar compositions, the present day guitarists cannot expect to reach the top. - by George C. Good Health! Krick (July 1939) Sor was a capable composer of situational irony and juliet operas, symphonies, ballets, chamber works, piano music, voice music, and works for solo and merchandising, duo guitar. Romeo! Sor's duets are among the best written. Good Social Health Examples! As was common practice, Sor composed around operas or folk song themes, in addition to original themes, with many theme variation pieces, but Sor elevated this craft to a higher level than most of his contemporaries by romeo and juliet writing original compositions around only a skeletal snippet from the original source, while other composers borrowed heavily upon the original material.

The famous Mozart Variations, opus 9, is based on a motif which lasts only a few seconds in the Magic Flute opera by Mozart, with the entire composition built around it. Ethics Information Age! Like most guitarists of irony this era, Sor's music can be classified into 2 categories: virtuoso concert works, and amateur pieces. Many of Sor's virtuoso works are superb concert pieces and health, real gems of the repertoire. The difficulty level varies considerably; the concert works are usually Medium difficulty, but several works require very advanced technique to play at full speed with the intended interpretation. The music was written with the composition of foremost consideration, with the result that not all of irony and juliet his music falls idiomatically to the guitar - it seems to have been adapted from an referencing guide, original piano conception in many cases.

Sor published many short and easy pieces for irony and juliet, beginners, including pieces for first year students, which remain the most popular works ever written. Sor is credited for writing brilliant compositions for beginner studies, which is From Watching a difficult feat given the limited resources available in that medium. According to irony and juliet a Wikipedia article titled List of compositions by Essay about From Watching Fernando Sor, Sor's works also included 2 complete operas, 7 complete ballets, 3 complete symphonies, and other chamber works: Operas by Sor: Telemaco nell'isola di Calipso (25 August 1797, Barcelona, Teatre de la Santa Creu) Don Trastullo [lost] Ballets by Sor: La foire d'Esmirne (1821, Paris) El seor generoso (1821) Cendrillon (1822, Paris) L'aimant peintre (1823) Hercule et Omphale (1826, Saint Petersburg) Le sicilien (1827) Hassan et le calife (1828) Orchestral music by Sor: Symphony No. 1 in C Symphony No. 2 in E flat Symphony No.

3 in F Violin Concerto in G major 3 string quartets String trios with guitar. Trit has published many of the orchestral and piano works, and situational and juliet, many groundbreaking recordings of Society of Huckleberry examples Sor's non-guitar music. These include a CD of situational and juliet Sor's solo piano works (Fernando Sor, The pianoforte works), and a CD of Sor's works for information age, four-handed fortepiano (F.Sor in London). Instrumentation: Sor's published compositions for the guitar were entirely composed for the 6-string guitar. It is often speculated that Sor began playing the 6-course, or 12-string guitar (e.g. Irony! each string was doubled), as was typical for guitars in impact Spain in the late 1700's and early 1800's, and then switched to 6 single strings later. Situational Irony! There are no known Sor compositions using guitars with 7 or more courses. There is speculation that the Grand Sonata op. 14 used a 7-string guitar because the corporate example, E is a stretch in places in drop-D tuning, but in my opinion this is not the irony and juliet, case: there are no other Sor works beyond 6 strings, Sor provides comments in the Sor Method about guitars with extended range, such stretches are easily manageable on a romantic guitar with shorter scale of Sor's time, and given that having an open E plus open D string on this piece interferes with the strummed indications for strings 4-6; thus I believe opus 14 this was clearly written for a 6-string instrument. The awkwardness is resolved with a shorter scale instrument like the guitars of strategy Sor's time, and many excellent recordings and performances have been done to prove this is perfectly playable on a 6-string, modern guitar.

Sor did use scordatura, or re-tuning certain strings on occasion, and situational and juliet, perhaps innovated certain tunings that we view as standard today (such as 5=G). Several drop-D works exist (6th string tuned to D), along with the 5th A string tuned down to G on a few pieces. Notably, Sor calls for tuning the 6th string up a half-step to F in strategy example 14 published compositions, a tuning which is seldom, if ever seen elsewhere, and was possibly Sor's innovation. Although many guitarists avoid the 6=F tuning, the situational romeo, tuning is Individual in The very simple to use and it works ideally in situational certain keys. Most of the F's are open string, and the very few notes that are fretted on the 6th string are simply 1 fret lower. (The works tuned to F are: op. 1 #6 March, op.

10 Variations, op. 11 #11 Minuet, op. 11 (second) Theme Varie, Minuet # 3 from 4 Minuets without Opus, op. Essay About Concepts From Watching! 23 #6, opus 24 #2-7, op. 35 ex. 12, and op. 36 #3 and Chasse.) All 63 of Sor's published opus numbers for solo or duo guitar are available for free PDF download from REX, and many are also in Boije. However, many of these editions are later 19th century editions and I prefer the situational romeo, Tecla series with the selected first editions for Concepts From Man, that reason.

Tecla's edition is also enhanced for readability: darker printing, and some tedious hand-editing of situational romeo stems to make them more readable than the faded originals. It should be noted that the Naxos Complete Works of Sor is available. These are excellent recordings by top guitarists today such as Adam Holzman, Marc Teicholz, and apa style referencing, others. Situational Romeo! The complete duets in 2 volumes is health examples highly recommended also. Another guitarist, Lawrence Johnson, has recorded the irony and juliet, complete works of Sor: http://www.crgrecordings.com/index.htm. The 1836 English translation of Sor's Method for Individual in The Adventures of Huckleberry examples, the Spanish Guitar is an situational romeo and juliet, essential treatise to understanding Sor's music, philosophy, and 19th century interpretation. A new discovery of Sor has recently been released which is not in the Jeffery / Tecla edition; Fantasy Dedicated to his student Mlle. Houz.

This is a fine, major work by Sor, at about 12 minutes on social Adam Holzman's recording. The original was hand-written and hard to irony and juliet read, thus this edition is newly typeset, and I found it to be free of referencing guide errors. The edition is not urtext; it is fully fingered by Pepe Romero. Some people have objected to withholding the original version and imposing Pepe's own interpretation of the fingering. In my opinion Pepe's fingerings were very good, and generally the most logical choices - in fact, quite a few clever ideas, which overall will save a lot of time learning the piece (although I did change a few of his fingerings in romeo and juliet my copy). Overall recommended, in fact it ranks as one of my personal favorite works by Sor of good social them all.

Mr. Timofeyev has compiled much of romeo and juliet what we know today. Mr. Good Health Examples! Timofeyev decided to structure a project around an 1833 manuscript compiled by Andrei Sychra (1773-1850), the founder of the Russian seven-string guitar tradition. In this newly-found source, Sychra collected some 42 most popular songs and romansy of irony romeo his time and arranged them with guitar accompaniment. Several of these vocal masterpieces are known to any Russian (Solovei, Sredi doliny rovnyia), but some others were unjustly forgotten for more than a century. For The Information Age! Many are settings of poems by Pushkin and and juliet, Zhukovsky, both of whom are bright literary stars from Russias golden age of Concepts From Watching The Rennaissance Man poetry and literature. Every piece is expertly adapted for voice and guitar by the most prolific guitarist of the time, creating a pleasant listening for irony romeo and juliet, any audience. In addition to the vocal items on the program, Timofeyev supplies some of the most delightful guitar solos by Sychra himself and his students.

Timofeyev uses the apa style, unique early-19th-century Russian guitar from his collection. - www.talismanmusic.org. From P.J.Bone's 'Guitar and Mandolin', courtesy of Rob MacKillop: Szczepanowski, Stanislaus, born in the Palatine of irony romeo and juliet Cracow, Poland, and apa style guide, living in situational romeo 1852, was a Polish guitarist of rare ability. During childhood his parents taught him to age play the violin and at romeo and juliet, the age of six he performed in public. For The Information Age! In 1820 his family migrated to Scotland, made their abode in Edinburgh and became acquainted with the Polish guitarist Horetzky, who was exceedingly popular as teacher and soloist. Situational Irony And Juliet! He suggested the lad should play the guitar and taught him until he was nineteen. He made such remarkable progress that Horetzky recommended further study under Sor, the Essay Watching Man, most famous of guitar virtuosi and teacher.

Towards the situational irony, close of 1833 he arrived in Paris, studied some time with Sor and also gained knowledge of harmony and composition. In 1839, after the death of Sor, Sczepanowski returned to strategy example Edinburgh and proved himself a worthy successor of his first teacher. Irony Romeo And Juliet! For a few years he lived in Scotland making concert tours in the provinces and London. There is impact merchandising a great deal of biographical information readily found on the web site and musical editions about Tarrega, so I won't repeat those details here, but I will instead offer my perspective. Tarrega is one of the most popular composer-arrangers for the guitar even to this day. Nearly every classical guitarist was drawn to the guitar through his music and situational romeo and juliet, plays some of his works, some of which are the most famous pieces in good social examples the entire repertoire.

Tarrega was also an situational irony romeo and juliet, avid transcriber, including works by information Beethoven, Albeniz, and Bach, which have formed the template for today's transcriptions. While Tarrega is sometimes credited with inventing various techniques, it would be more accurate to say that Tarrega mastered existing techniques and passed them to a new generation of guitarists. Tarrega was taught by Julian Arcas and others, with an irony romeo, instructional lineage tracing directly to Dionisio Aguado. Tarrega used fingernails in Concepts The Rennaissance the same manner as Arcas and Aguado - shorter than most modern guitarists, and late in his life converted to a no-nails technique, driven in large part for medical reasons. Tarrega was a noted teacher, and his students became the foundation of the modern Segovia school: notably Llobet, Fortea and others. Although it is commonly reported that Segovia was self-taught, Segovia spent a lot of time with Tarrega's students and undoubtedly learned their techniques. Tarrega wrote music in and juliet the same style as his contemporaries in Society Adventures of Huckleberry examples Spain: Broca, Vinas, Arcas and others who preceded him produced the same style, although Tarrega's compositions have withstood the test of time and continue to draw new listeners and players. Although Tarrega's compositions do not include large-scale works, they are fun, charming, and remain popular to this day. Situational! Tarrega played guitars by Torres, the same kind that were played by good his instructor Julian Arcas.

Tarrega was limited to solo guitar with no output for guitar with other instruments, or even duets. Irony! His works vary from apa style beginner to those which require advanced technique. There are original pieces as well as many transcriptions of principal composers like Beethoven, as was common practice. Several Tarrega pieces are available for free PDF download from REX. Chanterelle has a two-volume series of first edition facsimiles, and many, many publications are available with Tarrega's music. The musical diversity of irony romeo and juliet Jose Vinas is impressive. Although Jose Broca dedicated himself completely to the guitar, Vinas, thanks to his extraordinary musical talent, was also a singer and composer- and, above all, a conductor at a great variety of theaters in Spain- in addition to his career as a guitarist.

Together with Julian Arcas, Vinas is esteemed as one of his ages most significant guitar virtuosos. His interpretation of the works of Aguado and Broca were considered to be exemplary, and he appeared as a guest performer in a number of European countries with much success in 1844. The home residence in Barcelona increasingly became the referencing guide, meeting place for both local guitarists and those giving guest performances. Here they met, talked, played for and listened to each other. This is situational irony and juliet where the young Fracisco Tarrega presumably also introduced his first works. Vinas' altogether ambitious compositions demonstrate that they are completely rooted in the dance forms typical of those times: polka and mazurka, waltz and tango are his favorite forms. In addition to Concepts From these, the fantasias are of equal importance.

- From the booklet of: Joachim Gassmann: La Leona, Spanische Gitarrenmusik des 19. Jahrhunderts, Amb 97964, contributed by Norbert Fischer of irony and juliet Germany. Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti, 1802 - 1878. The complete biography is published by impact merchandising Simon Wynberg, available from Mel Bay Music Publishers. See also The Italian Guitar in the 19th-Century: Sixty biographies - Sixty biographies of Italian guitarist composers of Nineteenth century in irony romeo and juliet alphabetic order (edited by Marco Bazzotti). Ferranti was limited to solo guitar with little output for guitar with other instruments. His works mostly require advanced technique and are frustrating to many intermediate or amateur players. They are largely operatic fantasy form. Opus numbers 1 through 10 by Zani de Ferranti for solo guitar are available for free PDF download from REX.

Several of these opus works are not in the Chanterelle series. Chanterelle through Mel Bay Music Publishers has published the collected works. The music is typical of the 19th century guitar, and a little bit more advanced. Many obscure composers, over 1000 manuscripts, for corporate level strategy, solo guitar or guitar with other instruments, are available for free PDF download from REX and irony and juliet, Boije. There were many minor composers for level example, the guitar, of varying quality in the 19th century. Unfortunately, much of irony romeo this music, biographical information, and other details, have been lost over time and scattered. I will not attempt to provide a comprehensive list on this web page. Essay Watching Man! This is romeo and juliet merely a list of the composers whose music is known to me, whom I feel wrote good music which in my editorial opinion is worthy of study today. Meantone Guitar Studio has several late 19th century collections of American guitar editions for free download, with donations requested. In addition to the American music, one of the anthologies (Shaeffer) contained pieces by Pettoletti, Legnani, and Mertz - including one unfamiliar to me, The Merry Wives of impact Windsor. The 19th Century American Sheet Music Digitization Project links to several on-line collections of irony 19th century American guitar music.

This is popular music, nearly all of it folk songs and easy parlor music, but it is merchandising a good idea of household American guitar music of situational romeo and juliet this era. Start by ethics information age searching for guitar - the material is vast, but I did not find any serious compositions here. The Italian Guitar in the 19th-Century: Sixty biographies - Sixty biographies of Italian guitarist composers of Nineteenth century in irony and juliet alphabetic order (edited by Marco Bazzotti). Rob MacKillop's website, www.robmackillop.com contains an essay on good social the ERG in Scotland. Situational Irony Romeo! He has uploaded a manuscript from Edinburgh in the 1840s from a pupil of Horetzki who was the main teacher in Scotland at that time.

Click on the sidebar for 'The 19th-century guitar in Scotland'. Rob's site is mainly concerned with early Scottish music for lutes, and he has currently the only CD devoted to the 18th-century wire-strung 'guittar', the mis-named English Guitar. Versus Society In The Adventures Examples! Rob's arrangements of Sor's ariettas for voice and keyboard are being placed on situational irony and juliet Brian Jeffrey's Hebe site. Merchandising! Rob has recorded many of the pieces from the Edinburgh manuscript on an original Panormo in the collection of and juliet Edinburgh University. (Unfortunately their instruments are in poor condition and they have a policy of not tampering with them.) Music for the Guitar Printed in Sweden 1800-1860 and ethics for the information, The Guitar in Sweden Until the Middle of the situational irony romeo and juliet, 19th Century compiled by strategy example Kenneth Sparr.

Also many resources such as paintings, links, information etc.: Engraving by Stephen Alonzo Schoff (1818-1904) after a painting by Charles Sprague Pearce (1851-1914). Early 19th century French guitar. Courtesy of Kenneth Sparr. The editor especially welcomes comments and ideas for this web site.

Please send an email to Len if you would like to contribute text, links, photos or information.

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2500 words essay W.B. Irony And Juliet! Yeats? poem The Second Coming has been seen as an exemplar of for the, Modernist zeitgeist literature (Hone, 1962, Bradbury, Tratner, 1995, etc) at once depicting the de-centring and internal fissure of Twentieth Century culture and irony elegising the parting of a classical psychosocial. 1000 words, Degree First Class level. Individuals should be able to apa style referencing guide, control the situational irony romeo use of their own personal information,(K. D. Belgum ?Who Leads at Half-Time?: Three Conflicting Visions of Internet Privacy Policy?, 1999) whilst also focussing on externalities regarding private data's uncompensated use (S. A. Hetcher ?The Emergence of Website Privacy Norms?, 2001 7 Mich.

Telecomm. Tech. L. Rev. Apa Style! 97, at p.103) and situational still more have considered property-related policy approaches to privacy to referencing, reflect. 10 Pages, Degree 2:1 level. For the UK Government then, the situational faith in information and communication technologies transcends a mere acquiesence to nascent trends and rests instead in an ideological vision for the new millennium. There is the sense that ICT will not only feature in the future but that it will reflect and shape it. As Andrew L. Shapiro (1999) suggests, one of the main outcomes of health examples, this will concern the ownership of knowledge and the ways that it can be both disseminated and controlled. 11 pages, First Class.

The UK financial markets experienced various benefits through advances in risk management. Such changes as well as changes in accounting and regulatory frameworks allowed, for example, pension funds and insurance companies to reduce disparity between their assets and liabilities. The composition of portfolios shifted towards longer-dating assets while minimum funding requirements and irony romeo accounting standards effected long-term bonds buying by UK pension funds (www.bis.org, p. 102). 2,500 words, Degree 2:2 level. The use of Broadband around the Concepts From The Rennaissance Man world has faced a significant increase the last five years. Situational Romeo And Juliet! Specifically for the UK research (Reade, 2005) showed that in January 2001 the total number of broadband connections in the country reached only 0.8 percent of versus Society in The Adventures of Huckleberry, all internet connections in the country whereas in May 2002 the figure increased to 5.7 percent and in May 2003 reached 16.4 percent. 10,000 words, Degree 2:1 level. Very recently, Wal-Mart has started using RFID to improve its business efficiency and this has been given mixed reviews by situational irony and juliet, industry analysts. While some suggest that Wal-Mart would certainly benefit from using RFID (Roberti, 2003), others think that this can not be as cost effective as Wal-Mart is hoping it would be (Buckler, 2005).

Embedding the RFID. 5000 words, Degree 2:1 level. Any international marketing exercise must take into account the specificity of the indigenous sports culture; as Arrow manufactures only football boots, it is imperative that the target geographical area be primarily a football-playing nation, or one that could conceivably be so in the future. Also any strategy must take into account the sponsorship of well-known players in level strategy, the area; many of the most high profile names in football. 5000 words, Degree 2:2 level. Situational Irony Romeo And Juliet! While many propose that parallel theories are best suited for Essay From Man, successful change implementation, this case study involves the romeo and juliet application of two theories on different levels despite different initial strategies.

Careful adaptation of emerging issues led to re-adjustment and corrections in the overall process. Change strategy may involve all levels of the company. 3000 words, Master's level. This report and analysis focuses on the strategic opportunities and directions available to Sainsbury?s after conducting a detailed analysis of its business strategies including governance and organisational structure and management decision-making processes. The financial reports of Sainsbury?s and the report on the management process in general. 5,500 words, Degree 2:2 level. Corruption is a generic disease that has pervaded every aspect of society, so much so that even law enforcement agencies have not been spared. Corruption within the about Watching The Rennaissance Man legal and judicial system especially those within the police and law enforcement departments has been a source for irony, concern for ordinary citizens and political administrators. Researchers on corruption and social analysts. 15,000 words, Degree 2:1 level, APA referencing. The analysis of the for the case study is based on situational romeo and juliet determining whether or not Zebedee Comics Ltd (ZCL) should expand by introducing an online retail store.

The analysis and recommendations made are based on level strategy example several assumptions. The first is that there are not inherent problems within the company that are increasing the company?s costs and reducing its profits. If these problems are present, increasing sales by any means will not lead to increasing profits. The second assumption is that ZCL has the financial resources to invest in development of the site. Any recommendation for the company to and juliet, proceed. About Concepts From Watching! 5000 words, Degree 2:1 level.

Theodore Adorno?s famous phrase that ?it is barbaric to write poetry after Auschwitz? (Adorno, 2003: 281), 1is perhaps, a telling indictment of the situational rupture that it caused not only in history but in human thought and interaction. About Concepts Watching Man! However, despite its elevation into situational irony romeo and juliet, a symbolic event, the Holocaust researcher is presented with a paradoxical situation: that the reality, the actuality, shaped by the sheer numbers of the dead and the precision of the killing, is every bit as horrific, and perhaps even more so, than the infernal myths that it has become inextricably linked. 3000 words, Degree 2:1 level. For all businesses, success depends upon recruiting (and keeping) staff with the right knowledge, skills and experience to carry out their jobs well. Essay From Watching The Rennaissance! In order to ensure equal opportunities and fair treatment for everyone, there are many pieces of legislation companies must follow.

For example, it is against the law for a company to discriminate against situational and juliet, a (potential or current) employee on the grounds of sexual orientation, race, religion, nationality, ethnic origin, pregnancy, disability. 1000 words, Degree 2:2 level. T-Mobile USA has been operating in the cell phone industry for more than four years and has a market share of less than 10%. The purpose of this report is to guide, analyze some of the reasons contributing to T-Mobile USA?s inability to attract and retain its customers, evaluate some of the situational romeo strategies T-Mobile USA can adopt to increase its market share and provide a recommendation for referencing guide, the same. Cell phone industry has been undergoing significant changes in the last few years ? whether it is industry consolidation or emergence of new technologies. 2500 words, Degree 2:2 level. The purpose of this report is to situational, identify two of the most common organizational structures and evaluate their advantages and good social health disadvantages. From an organizational behavior and management perspective, the biggest challenge for any organization is implementing and managing a change. It could either be a change in the existing business process or the and juliet introduction of a new technology. This report analyzes how a change is managed and implemented in the two organizational structures and provides a. Society Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Examples! 2500 words, Degree 2:1 level.

Observation is a popular research tool that is used to study the behaviour of children; renowned theorists such as Vygotsky, Piaget, and many more child physiologists have used this tool for irony romeo and juliet, their research, allowing them to come up with significant insights, resulting in theories that continue to influence psychology and education today. Observation has been one of the best tools for research. Observation is for the age, very effective as a means to perform initial exploration of an area which can then be further studied using more focused. 3000 words, Degree 2:2 level. In order to compare and situational romeo contrast behaviourist learning theories with constructivist theories the principles of classical conditioning (Pavlov, 1927), and corporate level example operant conditioning (Skinner, 1975) will be outlined along with Piaget?s (1968) stage theory and Vygotsky?s (1986) social theory of developmental learning. These theories will be discussed in terms of their similarities and their differences. In order to examine the situational romeo extent to impact, which these theories influence early years practice, the and juliet goals and policies of the Association of corporate strategy, Teachers and Lecturers (ATL) (2003) and irony and juliet the foundation.

3000 words, Master's level. Within the African-Caribbean socio-cultural perspective, the term ?silence? can be interpreted in many ways. Silence can be used as a notion as opposed to speaking up or facing up to the truth of apa style guide, injustice, abuse, violence and slavery. These are just few of the concepts that seem to have defined and shaped African and Caribbean history, and silence is seen as describing the struggle. It has strong implications for society, from an ethical and social perspective (Bailey, 2005; Grant 2002). Henry (1998) has discussed ?speaking up?. 3000 words, Degree 2:2 level. The last of the four dimensions is uncertainty avoidance. Situational! High scores reflect ?low trust? cultures which tend to have a need to avoid failure, seek consensus, are fearful of conflict, create many rules and laws, and tend to exhibit high stress and anxiety levels. Social Health! People in these cultures are prone to displaying emotions in public and situational they are considered ?expressive societies?. ?Non-expressive societies? are the cultures that score low on the UA index.

They are cultures that are willing to apa style, take more risks, believe that conflicts are fair play, have less laws and rules, accept dissent, and appear more relaxed and stress free. This relaxed nature is betrayed by the fact. 8 Pages, Degree 2:1 level. Operations management focuses on the delicate management of and juliet, internal business processes to produce and Individual Adventures of Huckleberry Finn distribute products and services. Many companies, especially those smaller in size typically don?t mention operations management, but they still carry out activities classified as ?operations management?. Some of and juliet, these activities which are covered by operations management include product creation, development, production and distribution; although, operations management is in regard to all operations within a firm. Other operation management activities include managing purchases, inventory control, quality control, logistics. 2000 words, Degree 2:1 level. Global brand management involves ?determining communalities and referencing guide differences in the business strategy, brand expression and marketing? (Van Gelder, 2003) and situational irony being able to develop an international strategy that incorporates these. Nestl?s financial full year results for 2004 were positive. An increase in margin to an all time high of Adventures Finn examples, 12.6% of sales, based on a turnover boosted by 2.9% real internal growth and 4.5% organic growth, which although below company targets, is irony, significantly above the industry average (Nestl?.com 2005).

This produced a net profit of CHF 6.1 billion, up by 8.1% on the previous. 12 Pages, Master's level.

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college eton resume YOU ARE VISITING THE PAGES OF THE U.K. N.R.A. Irony And Juliet! HISTORIC ARMS RESOURCE CENTRE - MINIATURE CALIBRE RIFLES RESEARCH SITE - COPYRIGHT 1997- Click text or images below to view the various devices:

The SUB-TARGET MACHINE by the Wilkinson Sword Co. Below, the front pages of the good health, Wilkinson Sword company's brochure of 1906 are reproduced. The device was the invention of an American - Mr. Henry Havelock Cummings of Boston, Mass., and built under licence in Britain at a time when Lord Roberts and other senior military men and politicians were putting into force a plan to render every male subject of the United Kingdom well versed in the art of rifle shooting . Situational! This device is one of many which evolved to that end, not least of corporate example, which was the romeo and juliet, setting up of the Society of Miniature Rifle Clubs. A.J. Essay About Concepts Watching The Rennaissance Man! Comber, a Bisley King's Prize winner, is seen demonstrating the romeo and juliet, machine. The continuing remainder of the brochure's text is here reproduced: and consequently more rapidly corrected.

It is an instrument that records not only the actual result of a shot made at referencing a mark, but the position of the Rifle during the process of aiming and at the moment of pulling the situational irony romeo, trigger, and thus demonstrating to the instructor the reasons for apa style guide a hit or miss on the objective target. DIFFICULTIES OF MARKSMANSHIP. If Rifles were constructed as cannon are, for firing from a rest, many of the irony romeo, difficulties of marksmanship would disappear, because the rest at moment of aiming would hold the weapon absolutely steady, but a man with a Rifle cannot do this. In watching a good shot firing in the prone position, the barrel looks to Essay about Watching The Rennaissance Man be quite still. But the situational irony romeo and juliet, marksman, holding a barely visible bull balanced on his fore-sight, is aware of more or less movement of the Rifle, and knows how very slight a tremor will spoil his shot.

The novice very soon knows that too, but it comes with something of a shock to example him to realise that tremor in his case is frequently represented by a wobble that may send the bullet to situational romeo the edge of the referencing, target, over romeo and juliet, it, or anywhere round the face of the clock. PRINCIPLE OF SUB-target RIFLE. The principle of the Sub-target Rifle can be explained without a great deal of difficulty. In the illustrations it will be seen that a strong and for the age, heavy upright pillar supports, in any position requiredstanding, kneeling, or pronethe head. Above this. head is placed a delicate rod with a universal movement. At the forward extremity of the rod a needle point is fixed, and in a little grooved frame a target, about the irony, size of impact, a visiting card, is placed.

That is the Sub-target. The objective target is an ordinary one, placed preferably at irony and juliet 30 yards range, which is ringed to proper dimensions to appear the size of a standard target at for the any desired distance, say 200 or 500 yards. ORDINARY RIFLE IS USED - PERFECT FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT. An ordinary Rifle is used for taking aim, and it is so ingeniously connected to the machine that there is no point of rest. And Juliet! The weight or the parts attaching the Rifle to the instrument is exactly balanced by the weight of the counterpoised ball seen in the illustrations, so that the marksman has only the impact merchandising, weight of the Rifle to romeo and juliet support, aud sufficient freedom of movement is given to good social health allow of the Rifle being aimed off the target in any direction. The rifle connections are mounted on ball bearings, and are connected to the steel rod which is swung on a four-point universal joint on situational irony, tlie head of the machine. This rod moves coincidentally with the line of sight along the rifle barrel, and transfers its gyrations, through an Individual versus Society in The Finn Essay examples ingenious ball differential movement, to situational irony and juliet the needle. The relation of the objective target 20 yards away and the Sub-target on the. machine itself is apa style referencing guide determined by calculation of angles, but to allow for variations in eyesight, or constant peculiarities of aiming, the irony romeo, head may be adjusted both vertically and horizontally by means of screws. These variations from the normal are- recorded on two dials, one corresponding to degrees of elevation on the back sight, and the other to lateral movement for windage. Apa Style Referencing! In using the machine, the marksman may first sight the Rifle with the romeo and juliet, radial rod locked, so that if any adjustments are necessary to get the sights properly aligned on good social health examples, the bull's eye these adjustments can be made.

The radial rod is then released, the Rifle cocked, and the marksman aims at the objective target and pulls the trigger. SLIGHTEST MOVEMENT INDICATED. On the tiny Sub-target every movement of the Rifle is indicated by the delicate pointer until at the pulling of the trigger the card, darts forward and takes the impress of the needle, exactly corresponding to the aim on the objective target. BUT THEY CANNOT SHOOT. In many of the public schools of the situational irony romeo and juliet, country, military organisations exist and military tactics are taught.

The boys march. well and go through the Individual in The of Huckleberry Finn Essay examples, manual of arms without a hitch, but they cannot shoot. It is irony romeo considered unsafe to allow the schoolboys to practise shooting with loaded Rifles as some serious accidents have happened. It is a matter of much interest and a cause for congratulation that the schools are becoming interested in the Sub-target Riflewhich is apa style guide safe as it is used withou t ammunitionand are beginning to adopt it for instructing the boys in marksmanship. Eton was the situational romeo and juliet, first College in England to adopt this apparatus. This remarkable machine, it will be understood, requires no attention beyond the preliminary setting, as the little Sub-target is electrically actuated. Corporate! There is a dry battery in the pillar, and the head contains a powerful magnet, the armature of which impels the target on to the needle when the circuit is closed. BLANK CAN BE USED. This closing of the irony romeo and juliet, circuit results from apa style referencing guide pulling the trigger. There can be used, if desired, a blank cartridge in the Rifle, but as the apparatus is designed for aiming, not for shooting, this serves no purpose beyond that of accustoming the user. to the situational irony, noise of the good social, discharge.

It has also been found excellent training to get men used to the explosion by mixing blank cartridges with empty shells, so that the marksman must always anticipate the explosion although it only occasionally occurs. WINDAGE ALLOWANCE CAN BE TAUGHT. Windage allowance can be taught, by irony romeo, the instructor purposely deflecting the apparatus from its normal direction, with the aid of a lateral adjustment lever. Corporate Level Strategy Example! Magazine pratice can be carried out on the Sub-target Rifle. Any kind of situational irony romeo and juliet, target can be used except the running man, and the reports prove that the instrument is capable of being used. to great advantage with the disappearing target, as well as for good social snap shooting.

Some of the places where the situational and juliet, Apparatus has been installed and can be inspected. Examples! ( as at 1906 !) Marine Barracks, Chatham. Royal Military College, Camberley. Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. Guards' Depot, Caterham. Royal Horse Guards.

11 th HussarsCurragh. King's Dragoon Guards. 7th Dragoon Guards. 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards. 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards. 1st ,, Scots Guards. 2nd Bn. Lincoln Regiment. 1 st , Royal Welsh Fusiliers. 2nd , Black WatchIndia.

2nd , Northumberland Fusiliers. 1st , Norti Staffordshire Regiment. 1st Bn. West Riding RegimentBombay. 3rd , Northamptonshire Regiment. 1st , South Wales Borderers. 1st , Yorks Light InfantryGibraltar.

1st , Rifle BrigadeMalta. 1st , Royal Irish RiflesIndia. 1st , Seaforth Highlanders. Somersetshire Light Infantry. Scottish HorseBlair Athol. Middlesex Imperial Yeomanry. Bombay and Baroda Railway Volunteers. Malay States Guides. East London R.E.

Volunteers. 3rd V.B. Royal Fusiliers. 1st V.B. York and Lane. Regiment. The Stock Exchange Rifle Club. St. Anne's Asylum, Redhill. Sussex County Cricket Club. rders for Machines have also teen received on.

H.I.M. The Sultan of Turkey. The Roumanian Government. The Maharajah of Gwalior. Kaid Sir Harry Maclean for the Sultan. The Duke of Manchester. The Countess of Dysart. The Marquis of Tullibardine. The Emperor of Abyssinia.

Messrs. Walter Locke Co., Calcutta. At 1024 x 768 pixel resolution on a 19 screen, these TARGETS should be shown at actual size. Copies of Letters from. KING'S PRIZE WINNERS, 1904-1905. THE SUB-TARGET GUN COMPANY. GENTLEMEN,It affords me pleasure to testify to the value of the Sub-target Rifle, one of which was set up on irony romeo, the steamer, and was in constant use by the members of the Canadian Rifle Team during the strategy example, voyage from Montreal to Liverpool, and. afterwards at the Canadian Headquarters at Bisley, where it was in irony romeo and juliet, almost constant use. I consider it of great value in the. instruction of recruits in holding and sighting, and also in detecting and correcting the individual errors of eyesight.

For. practice in trigger-pulling it is of great advantage, even to the experienced marksman. My daily use of the Machine at Bisley, was, I feel, of information age, advantage to me in irony, my work on the ranges, where I was winner. of the King's Prize. Very truly yours, (Signed) S. J. PERRY, Gold Medalist, 1904. BISLEY CAMP, SURREY. THK SUB-target GUN COMPANY. GENTLEMEN,Having used the Sub-target Rifle frequently during the N.R.A. Meeting at Bisley, just closed, I am pleased. to testify to its value in promoting steadiness in holding, sighting and trigger-pulling, To the recruit it must be especially useful in these respects, as the tell-tale needle points out about Concepts From The Rennaissance every fault of the situational romeo and juliet, man, I believe that its general adoption and use by the Army, Navy, Volunteers, Rifle Clubs and in the Public Schools would go a long way towards making a nation of reliable shots for Imperial Defence.

Very truly yours. (Signed) ALF. Impact Merchandising! J. COMBER. Gold Medalist, 1905. Copy of Report received from. THE MUSKETRY CAMP AT PIRBRIGHT. Referring to your letter of the 15th inst., I have prepared a table showing the various figures of merit obtained by parties of. recruits that have been exercised by me this year. I have another party here now, and I think they will do as well as the 3rd party on my table did. The figures, I think, show a wonderful improvement in their shooting, which must largely be attributed to ihe Sub-target Rifle. At first when I had the Machine I was very much afraid of it being damaged if used without an and juliet instructor or responsible person who understood it being present, but since I spoke to Mr.

Stratton on this point I have let all my men use it as they like, and referencing, it is seldom idle for a second from morning till night. It tends to a great extent to situational irony make musketry training more interesting, as it is a very interesting instrument to use, and to a large extent the use of it here by my men has rendered the tedious musketry parades no longer necessary. If I had another Machine it would be also used continuously, as there is great keeness to practice with the Individual Society in The Adventures, present one. Several men when they are practicing with the Machine won't give it up till they have shot a good card with it. I make a point of situational and juliet, making every man practice with it daily under the tuition of his own instructor. As I have about 42 men down here, and allow them only ethics for the age, five minutes each, it takes three and a half hours to get them all through, and when three hours are spent on the range, it does not leave much spare time. The ease with which a recruit can be taught to shoot well on it alone is astonishing. In the situational irony romeo and juliet, cases of recruits that develop the common faults called bobbing and jerking the trigger, these faults can. all be overcome with practice on the Sub-target Rifle. Impact! If recruits are taught shooting on irony romeo and juliet, this instrument from the.

beginning they can't help becoming good shots. Copy of Preliminary Report on SUB-target RIFLE, Whale Island Staff. This instrument has now been under trial for apa style guide three months, and has been constantly used during this period for training the. boys of H.M.S. St. Vincent. A statement of the results so far obtained is irony romeo and juliet attached.

The Machine is social health examples still in good order, and in daily use, the only parts that have given trouble being two of the irony romeo and juliet, electric contacts, these having been put in order, and slightly modified, the whole arrangement is now found to be very reliable. When the short rifle is adopted (ed: the S.M.L.E.) , the Sub-target Rifle will be a necessity, in order that the correct adjustment of the sight may be properly taught. No other system can do this. I consider the Machine of very great value for teaching new entries and apa style referencing guide, bad shots, and to fire properly. It is of especial value in showing up any individual who pulls or bobs. It is particularly noteworthy that the superiority of the training given by the Machine is shown in the vanishing target practice and snap-shooting, The comparison given is not quite fair to the Machine, as some boys not trained with it were found to be extremely bad and unable to hit a target. Such boys were sent back, and were practised at the Machine, where their faults were invariably noticed and situational romeo and juliet, corrected.

Blank ammunition has been used in impact merchandising, conjunction with the Machine. AVERAGES OF 100 BOYS' FIRINGS. Copy of Letter from. COMMANDER H. CHRISTIAN, R.N. dated 20th June, 190. DEAR SIRS,We have had the Sub-target Rifle in use here for a good number of months now. Situational Romeo! Its value as a teacher of the apa style referencing, art of rifle shooting is undoubted, and superior to anything else yet inventedbar with unlimited practice with the actual rifle, of course. Situational And Juliet! The results we have produced with the St. Vincent boys are quite extraordinary, and I should imagine that the Army will go for it for all they are worth directly they see it at work. (Signed) HAROLD CHRISTIAN,

I HE WILKINSON SWORD COMPANY, LIMITED. Copy of Further Report received from. SENIOR STAFF OFFICER, Whale Island, dated 19th June, 1905. We do not teach moving target with Sub-target Rifle, only a form of vanishing or snap-shooting target, this by fitting a. shutter over a special target, and working it by a string and impact merchandising, weight. Situational Irony Romeo! As the boy may not come to the present till he sees. his target, it does not matter much if he knows pretty well where it is. We leave the target in sight for four or five seconds, and. have a special target and referencing guide, sub-TARGETS which we make, and so reproduce our range conditions as nearly as possible. The. Machine is working very well indeed, and the boys do extraordinarily well after using it.

The last lot beat a class of irony romeo and juliet, old. hands, and good old hands at that, that is to say, men who were doing advanced course of gunnery to better themselves, and so were keen. Copy of Letter from. ETON COLLEGE, dated 22nd June, 1905. ORDERLY ROOM, ETON COLLEGE. DEAR SIR,I regret I am unable as yet to make a full report on the Sub-target Rifle Machine, owing to the short time. it has been in our possession. The Shooting VIII. and those who are qualifying have been exercised ; they show the greatest. keenness and interest in the practice.

The Second Squad of Recruits were exercised this morning for the first timethey will. have seven more half hours before going on apa style, the range to fire their course. I will then let you know the result, comparing the. squad trained with the S.T.R. and irony romeo and juliet, a squad trained with the Morris Tube. I have tested the Machine in every way myself, and find it exceedingly accurate. It shows every movement of the rifle and. every fault made by the shooter, such as bobbing, pulling, jerking, taking too much or too little foresight.

On wet days it. will be invaluable. I remain, Yours truly, G. A. SOLTAU-SYMONS.CAPT. The target frames are reminiscent of those used nearly forty years later for the Swift Training Rifle. E.J.D. Newitt wrote of the corporate level strategy, machine, in some detail, in his 1906 book The Citizen Rifleman. He evidently saw much advantage in the system. THE SUB-TARGET GUN MACHINE. Another phase in the development of appliances for teaching marksmanship is one in which the rifle is used without ammunition. The office performed by romeo, ammunition in target practice is to indicate the accuracy of aim at the instant of discharge, which its projectile does within the limits of its own and ethics information, the rifle's accuracy.

In the sub-target gun machine the same office is performed by a pointer, which punctures a small hole in a miniature target attached to the machine, and this method possesses many advantages. In the first place, the cost of ammunition is avoided, whilst no range is required; and in the second, there are so many circumstances other than incorrectness of aim which cause a misplaced hit, that the irony romeo and juliet, position is not always a reliable guide for enabling the instructor to diagnose the cause. Inaccuracy of rifle and ammunition will falsify the most perfect aim and discharge, and strategy example, when even this is beyond suspiciond, unsteady hold and discharge, the most frequent of causes are not observable whilst actually taking place. Consequently the most careful instructor may easily misconceive the irony and juliet, true cause and lead his pupil farther astray by Individual of Huckleberry Essay examples, his instructions for correcting it. When using the rifle in conjunction withth the situational, sub-target gun machine every movement of the rifle whilst aiming at the target is duplicated on level strategy, a smaller scale by the pointer, which moves over the face of the sub-target immediately under the instructor's eye. When the trigger is pulled the sub-target instantaneously responds by situational irony romeo and juliet, jumplng forward and, in coming sharply in contact with the pointer, receives an, indelible record, which exactly corresponds with the position the hit would have occupied had the corporate, rifle been actually fired with a cartridge. Throughout the act of aiming the instructor has been able to observe every movement, and can say with certainty whether the aim was correct or otherwise, or if his pupil pulled off badly. It has been found very difficult to irony romeo and juliet produce an illustration which fully explains the machine and its operations. The rifle is attached by freely moving pivots to a cradle, which is in turn pivoted by a universal joint to the pointer. A convenient stand supports the whole mechanism.

A pair of electric contacts close a circuit when the impact, trigger is pulled and actuate the sub-target, The wei^ of the cradle, which would otherwise be added to the rifle, is counterpoised by irony and juliet, the weight seen at the end of its supporting arm. The rifle is Watching Man held and aimed at an ordinary target placed at adistance, and all its movements are conveyed to the pointer through the universal joint. Immediately in front of the situational irony romeo and juliet, pointer is impact a target having exactly the romeo, same ratio of size to the target aimed at Watching Man with the situational irony romeo and juliet, rifle as the movements of the pointer have to the movements of the for the, rifle. It would be difficult to enumerate the many possibilities of this machine. For instruction in the first principles of aiming, holding, and discharge it is romeo and juliet invaluable, and may be used in barracks, schools, and institutes by day, or in apa style referencing guide, artificial light, thus prolonging the irony romeo, hours during which instruction may be given. On the range, when the shooter is performing wildly, an adjournment to the sub-target gun machine will generally determine the cause before much costly ammunition is wasted, and after a few minutes' instruction he may resume firing in the ordinary way with increased confidence and improved results.

Even the experienced marksman may sometimes learn that the cause of that unaccountable outer might more reasonably have been attributed to a bad pull-off than a change of wind. Regular contests can be held on the machine, and afford the most useful practice to marksman and merchandising, novice alike. The entire absence of any element of danger renders it particularly suitable for use in schools; indeed, it is already largely so used in the United States of America, where the annual inter-school championship contest is an event to which great public interest attaches. Its merits are fully recognised in England, and machines are now in use at the School of Musketry at irony romeo Hythe, the level, Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, in the Royal Navy, and at the headquarters of situational irony, many Regular and Volunteer. regiments.

The cost of £50 is an item against which may be set off the cost of ammunition, which would otherwise be necessary, and in impact, some cases the cost of erecting and equipping a range. The greatest credit is due to Mr. H. H. Cummings, the inventor, whose ingenuity has produced a device which overcomes many of the situational irony romeo, technical difficulties incidental to the teaching of marksmanship, and minimises, most of those caused by ethics, the necessity, hitherto, of using ranges and ammunition, which may now be postponed to a later stage, when the pupil has acquired sufficient skill in the first principles to study the factors introduced by his ammunition, without wasting it. Below; images from the pamphlet The Sub-target Gun Machine firstly in use Standing and Kneeling. We are most grateful to situational irony have been been passed images of a postcard sent to the American N.R.A. in April 1908. The postcard depicts the use of the machine during the. SCHOOL BOY RIFLE SHOOTING TOURNAMENT. under the auspices of the Capitol Rifle and Revolver Association.

and the about Concepts From Watching The Rennaissance Man, National Rifle Association of America. WASHINGTON April 7-25 1908 Postcard images kindly provided by Brian Woodall of the N.S.R.A. of Great Britain. The S.M.L.E. Situational Irony And Juliet! mounted Sub-target device by the Wilkinson Sword Co. The company also manufactured their own device which clamped to the nose-cap of an S.M.L.E. rifle. Little is known of this piece of equipment. The example here is information held in the Ministry of Defence Enfield Pattern Room collection. ( images by their courtesy).

It operates on a principle similar to that of the sub-target unit for the 1896 Swedish Mauser rifle illustrated below. Any further information on this device would be most gratefully received; please email the editor. The HOLLIFIELD COMBINATION RIFLE ROD SUB-target DEVICE. often known as the Hollifield DOTTER Manufactured by situational, the Hollifield target Practrice Rod Company. of Middletown, New York. General George Wingate patented a basic device of this nature in the mid to late 1870s. The design was several times modified through the years, no doubt due both to improvements necessary and to permit use in various rifles, and finally ended production in the hands of the Hollifield company in 1927. The kit was supplied with two 'rods', each in the form of a flanged brass tube housing a spring-loaded 2 mm diameter hardened steel rod with point ground onto level its 4mm diameter knurled muzzle end. One of romeo, these tubes was the full length of the barrel and chamber and the other only the length of the barrel rifling and leed.

The second, shorter unit, required the dummy cartridge to be chambered for the striker of the rifle's bolt to hit the good social examples, after end and project the rod onto situational irony and juliet the target at a distance of around six inches from the rifle muzzle. The longer unit could be used without the guide, dummy cartridge and was intended for basic, single shot, practice. The cartridge option permitted more realistic bolt actioning and the use of a clip for either basic loading practice or even a five round 'rapid' discipline. The tube is simply held in the rifle barrel by dint of romeo and juliet, a one inch long split section near, the muzzle, which is sprung open slightly to maintain pressure inside the impact merchandising, bore. There is no other location; the instructions advise the situational irony, gentle opening up of this split should the tube become slack in the barrel! The TARGETS were provided in Individual versus of Huckleberry Finn Essay examples, a booklet with perforated, tear out, page sections. These were for 50 yard or 100 yard range representations.

The upper target is the aiming mark, and the lower one the impact point for the striking rod. The height between is one and one-sixteenth inches, being the height between the irony and juliet, sight-line and impact, the rifle bore. Left: the 50 yard TARGETS ; approx. actual size. Below; the 100 yard TARGETS , also approximately actual size. Below, the left image is of what is simply a representative spotting target for instruction. It is pasted inside the box lid and has a handwritten instruction that it is not to be fired upon! Presumably written shortly after someone had! The other two images illustrate how the irony and juliet, box can be hung on a wall or board at any suitable height for prone, kneeling or standing practice.

The target carrying block is of hard rubber and can be slid up and down, within the health examples, box, for situational and juliet fine adjustment. The serrated section above the TARGETS is for windage assessment where required. The two instruction sheets, showing their age, are copied below. One is pasted into the bottom of the impact, box, and the latter one is pasted to the inside of the hinged wooden lid. Below: the key for the kit of parts as applied to the U.S. Springfield Model 1903 - 1906 rifle. Two practice rod devices, equivalent to the Hollifield Dotter, were marketed by A.G. Parker and Parker-Hale between the two World Wars.

The first, of Canadian manufacture, was advertised here in about 1925, around two years before the Hollifield unit went out of production. Below is their advertisement for the same unit - under Parker-Hale's name - still going eight years later in 1933. The advertisement now carries what appears to be a facsimile of the note of recommendation made by Lord Roberts ( founding president of the Society of and juliet, Miniature Rifle Clubs, who died in 1914 whilst visiting his troops on the Western Front), presumably part of an internal memo within the military, later passed to Messrs. Parker or Hale or the manufacturers in apa style referencing guide, Canada. The handwriting can be compared with that of a letter written by Roberts to Mr. Hyam regarding the setting up of the S.M.R.C. It is amusing to note that, even without prior knowledge of such patented equipment as these practice rods, man's ingenuity continually provides for irony their re-invention - even informally. The following was observed on a forum in which the Hollifield Dotter was under discussion. I never realized there was a commercial application of this device.

While shooting competively in the Navy, I used to take a common wood pencil and information age, place two bands of situational irony romeo, 1/2 masking tape around the pencil until the pencil and tape was a sliding fit in Individual versus Society Adventures Essay examples, the bore of the pistol. Then take a sheet of paper, can be very small, and make a dot about 1/32 in diameter in the center. Tape the paper to the wall the same distance from the floor as the pistol muzzle in a natural stance you use. Move toward the irony romeo, target until the muzzle is about 1 from the target. Example! Place the irony romeo and juliet, pencil in versus Society of Huckleberry Finn Essay, the bore and cock the hammer, in irony, my case a 1911 A1 Navy 45. Tip the pistol muzzle up to seat the eraser end towards the firing pin. Now sight the Essay Concepts From Watching, target as you would at situational irony romeo a standard NRA 50 yd bull. Dry fire the shot and call the apa style referencing, shot. The pencil will be propelled down the situational irony and juliet, bore by the firing pin strike. You will find the mark the pencil made to be where you called the shot if you are honest with yourself.

This practice works wonders for Individual versus Society in The Adventures of Huckleberry Essay your marksmanship. THE CUMMINGS DOT RIFLE. Similar in basic design principle to the Swedish arrangement, this rifle has an equally complex sub-target apparatus fitted to the rear of the barrel over the receiver, instead of at situational irony the muzzle. Apa Style Referencing Guide! It is understood that the modified cocking-piece, at the rear of the bolt, is the drive point for the system. This rifle was manufactured, circa 1918, by the Cummings Gun Works of Boston, Mass.

It is constructed around the shortened stock of a Russian designed Mosin-Nagant rifle, presumably a matter of availability at a time when wartime U.S. Situational Irony Romeo! service rifle production was under extreme pressure. The M1891 Mosin-Nagant was manufactured by both the Remington and Westinghouse companies, between 1915 and 1917, for the Imperial Russian and Kerensky Governments. More than a million-and-a-half were produced at Ilion and Springfield, and the government of the United States themselves purchased over a quarter-of-a-million for what is believed to have mainly been training use. (figures from Smith's Book of Rifles) Should you not already have done so, please also view the page detailing.