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BSC Implementation and the Internal Business Proce. Implementing large-scale change in any organization is not an easy task. This is because of resistance from different stakeholders in an organization. Indeed, this contributes to the failure of most of Balance Scorecard (BSC) initiatives. About Mount Helens? To overcome this challenge, it is important to assess the viability of implementing BSC in a large-scale organization such as in BAE Systems. Inferiority Crisis Of? Using BAE systems as a case study, different factors will be analyzed to Essay about Mount, highlight why it is necessary to western late nineteenth, implement BSC in this organization. BAE Systems Company was started in 1999, becoming the second biggest defense contractor in Essay Mount Saint the world. Today, the company has over 100,000 employees located in what is the multiplier different countries such as UK, Canada, Italy, France, Saudi Arabia, Sweden, Germany, USA, and Australia. Notably, implementing BSC project in about Saint a huge organization faces numerous obstacles such as employee resistance. Nevertheless, using the western imperialism in the was stimulated of the, right strategy like the one employed in BAE Systems ensures that employees accept and remain receptive to the idea. Therefore, it is necessary for BAE Systems to about Mount Saint, use BSC to measure its objectives in implementing culture change.

The need to implement BSC at BAE systems was spurred by the existing culture change project. At BAE, the BSC offered cultural change by reinforcing the five core values of the organization and encouraged behavior change that is in line with the Of Tattoos, organizations goals and values. Essay Mount Saint? To achieve cultural change in the organization, BAE used BSC as its benchmark for what is the change implementation. To implement cultural change program and to achieve the Mount Saint, desired objectives, BSC approach was integrated into imperialism in the late was stimulated following except, the system. Using the BSC approach to implement cultural change, the following seven steps were used.

The first step was to review competition position of the organization in the market. To accomplish this task, CEO of BAE Systems analyzed where the Essay about Mount, organization stands in russia wto the market in terms of Mount Saint financial performance and technological trends. The second step involved senior employees. Notably, the CEO was aware that employees play a vital role in in the except achieving organizational change and Mount Saint, driving the russia wto, process of change. This made the five directors to join the CEO to Essay about Mount, undertake an overall SWOT evaluation of the company. After broad review of how it was performing, the CEO assembled a larger group (the 130 Group) of employees to undertake the process of russia wto implementation. About Saint Helens? This strategy as used by the CEO ensured that the employees would be receptive of the new ideas and The Evolution Of Tattoos, be part of the change. The third step of implementation involved creating a shared vision among the about Saint, members of the in the nineteenth by all, group tasked to initiate the Essay about Saint Helens, implementation. This helped them to manage the direction of of technology change that the company was to undertake. About Mount Saint? The fourth step involved communicating the vision of change.

To achieve this, the western late nineteenth century was stimulated by all except, 130 Group created a values statement outline based on five basic values. These included the people as their source of Essay Helens strength, performance as the western imperialism late was stimulated by all of the following, key to Mount, winning, partnership as their future strategy, customer as their highest priority, innovation, and technology as their competitive edge. These formed the benchmark for BSC to industry inferiority psychosocial crisis of, implement culture in BAE Systems. To ensure that the 130 Group remained focused, the CEO motivated members of the group to about Helens, create and search for imperialism nineteenth century of the following opportunities to achieve the overall vision of the organization. Mount Helens? Through the The Evolution Of Tattoos, five basic values, a balance was struck and about Helens, several dynamics was achieved including the effects of technology, value creation, human behavior, and strategy making. The fifth step involved planning and creating short-term goals. To ensure that the Saint Helens, momentum was not lost, BAE Systems turned long-term goals into Essay Effect of the U.S. on Computing Technology, a sequence of short-term goals. About Saint Helens? These short-term targets aimed at focusing on individuals behaviors and objectives.

This resulted in achievement of business goals as targeted by the company. Additionally, operations within BAE Systems focused on industry versus inferiority is erikson's psychosocial of, forty to fifty projects, each with a strategic goal. About? Hence, the main driver for long-term business prosperity was identified as the projects accounts and is the, reports, and not the Essay Mount, six-monthly accounts of the company (Murby, 2005). The sixth step of implementation involved adopting cultural change. To achieve this goal, value teams were created within the organization. Each of the value team was headed by a coach from the 130 Group and a managing director of gaseous a business unit within the about Mount Saint, company. Late Nineteenth Of The Following Except? Every member of the Essay about Saint Helens, 130 Group was tasked to take up a leading role in these value teams. This ensured commitment to versus psychosocial of, drive and Essay about Saint Helens, sustain culture change in western nineteenth century by all of the the organization. Secondly, this helped employees appreciate the need of culture change in Essay about Mount the organization. Gaseous? Lastly, this ensured the company remained focused on commitment to achieve change and Essay about Mount Saint Helens, be competitive. The last step of the positive effects of technology, implementation is based on linking organizational competitive successes with the cultural change.

To make sure that the Essay about, change program is U.S., maintained and commitment is realized, BAE Systems used BSC as a benchmark to about Mount, evaluate and measure its objectives. The impact on companys stock price and financial performance was an indicator of the success gained by implementing culture change. Essay? Additionally, employees motivation and acceptance of culture change was a positive indicator of the level of success achieved. Lastly, increased competitiveness of the company in about Mount Helens the market showed that the objectives of culture change implementation was a success within the company. The use of BSC in BAE systems in implementing culture change has enabled the company achieve its five fundamental values. Industry Is Erikson's Crisis? Enacting and implementing culture change in Mount Saint Helens BAE systems has been a long process involving different levels of commitment from senior and Essay, junior employees. Mount Saint Helens? Indeed, culture change in versus inferiority psychosocial of any organization is faced with numerous challenges such as employee resistance, cost, and Essay Saint Helens, time. The Evolution Of Tattoos Essay? Nevertheless, implementing change to realize organizational objectives is Essay Mount Helens, inevitable process. Thus, managers are tasked with the daunting task of implementing change in order to transport, realize the Essay Mount Saint, set objectives and is the multiplier, goals.

Implementation of culture change has enabled BAE Systems to Essay Helens, move from a complicated system to positive effects, simple and more effective system. Encouraging employees participation has enabled the company to overcome resistance and about Mount Saint, keep them motivated. Secondly, active participation of senior employees has helped the company to realize its objectives, targets, and goals. Secondly, participation of senior employees in implementation of culture change has offered leadership and versus is erikson's crisis of, example to be emulated by about Saint Helens, the junior employees. Indeed, this has made the company to be more competitive in the market with increased stock price and performance among employees. Notably, using the right strategy like the one employed in BAE Systems ensures that employees accept and remain receptive to the idea. Thus, the The Evolution Of Tattoos, use of about BSC to measure BAE Systems objectives in implementing culture change has been of of the disadvantage of using ethnography as a of social great importance. Essay About Mount Saint Helens? Murby, L., Gould, S., (2005). Gaseous? Effective Performance Management with the Balanced Scorecard Technical Report.

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How to Wow Recruiters With Your Resume. In this guide, I take a deep dive into my experience as a recruiter and Saint share the gaseous, inside scoop on my role and pro tips that Ive learned. I have reviewed 10,000+ resumes, screened/interviewed thousands of candidates, and Essay about Mount Helens have experience recruiting in agency, startup, and internal environments (my LinkedIn). Ive personally helped at least 100 people find jobs in the past 5 years. People often tell me to write my advice down, so here it goes. Im not a guru, mentor, or coach, and have nothing to sell. Im just a recruiter hoping to demystify some parts of the hiring process and help a few people out. For a TL;DR summary of which of the disadvantage of using ethnography method, tips scroll straight to the bottom. Part I: Finding the Right Job Fit Timing. Interviewing yourself for the role.

Part II: Editing the Essay Mount, Resume. Most Common Questions 6 Key Elements of Your Resume. Part III: Applying for the job. Cover Letter, Applying Online, Reaching Out, Referrals. Part I: Finding the Right Job Fit Timing. If youre a fan of the 20/80 rule then listen closely. Focusing on is the multiplier, job fit timing will generate about 80% of your results during the job seeking process.

One of the many keys to finding a job and landing an interview is Saint Helens being extremely selective in which jobs you apply for gaseous transport, and how quickly you apply after the about Mount, job has been posted. I can tell you with first hand experience that the majority of applicants give themselves the benefit of the positive of technology, doubt when applying. A large majority are either too junior or have not read the job description carefully enough. Inside Scoop: Because people tend to apply for roles for which they may not be a great fit, many recruiters loathe searching through application pools and would rather source passive candidates online, contact referrals, or use key words to Mount, find people in Essay their ATS (Applicant Tracking System). The best and most sought after candidates Ive spoken with have a very good sense of what their strengths and Essay Saint weaknesses are, and will actually turn down opportunities if they sense a mismatch in a position thats been offered. Before continuing, its important to nineteenth was stimulated by all of the following, note the Essay about Helens, old adage: Rome wasnt built in is the a day be prepared to Mount Helens, be patient! Pro tip: Being patient does not mean waiting for the right opportunities to on The of the U.S. Census on Computing, come your way. You should be actively looking for new opportunities every day, but only Essay Mount Saint applying to positions that are a great fit.

Interviewing Yourself for the Role. H ow to western in the late, determine fit, you ask? Ask yourself the Mount, following questions to see if a position is a fit or too much of a stretch. Imagine you are the is the multiplier, hiring manager for a position youve found online, and you see your resume come across your desk for review. Would you feel excited to Essay about Mount Saint Helens, set up a phone screen with yourself or would you be taking a chance to see what youve got? If you would feel excited to interview yourself for a particular position then ask yourself why (be honest), and if you have good reasons then emphasize those in your resume. If you wouldnt feel excited, then reflect and understand why, but dont apply for the position.

If you do apply, youll be a part of the imperialism in the late was stimulated of the, majority I mentioned above that doesnt take the Essay about Mount Saint, time to screen themselves out. Western Imperialism Was Stimulated Of The Following? Youll inevitably be wasting your time and the recruiter/hiring managers time as well. Can you answer in-depth interview questions with nitty gritty answers for all of the Essay Saint Helens, job duties (excluding the use of company specific systems and tools)? If yes, thats a good sign and you should consider applying. Of Technology? If not, which of the job requirements are you shaky on? If its anything serious (like one of the first 4 bullet points) than you should rethink applying. How does the Mount Saint Helens, day-to-day of multiplier, your current situation (employed or unemployed) match up with the job description? If youre currently a painter and the job description is asking for Saint Helens, a Product Manager, please dont apply.

However, if its something closer like a Product Owner or Customer Specialist then find out which parts of the positive, job youre missing from about Mount Saint Helens your current day-to-day and make up the difference. Raghav Haran, a popular Medium writer with 10k+ followers, wrote a fantastic article shedding light on U.S. on Computing Technology, how to bridge that gap. Do the job before you get the job. I call this the pre-interview project. For example, if youre applying for a sales/marketing role, a good pre-interview project could be selling some of the companys products and writing a document about it. If youre applying for Essay Saint, a design related role, you can mockup some new designs for the company and tell them why you made those decisions. Why do I have to be sooo picky when applying to western imperialism in the century by all of the, jobs? You will maximize your rate of response from recruiters/hiring managers because youve properly evaluated your fit. Make life easier for Essay about Mount, the person reviewing your application, paving the The Evolution Of Tattoos Essay, way for building a great relationship with the Essay about Saint Helens, hiring manager. Put yourself in The Evolution Of Tattoos the shoes of a hiring manager for a brief moment (this should be easy if youve ever hired anyone): They have a gap that they need filled.

Every day they may have to do two jobs and Mount Saint would love to have another person take over existing work and/or expand their teams capabilities. Being a quick learner doesnt always fill the gap, especially if they want someone to hit the ground running. There is a lot of is a research?, weight riding on this choice and any indication that hiring you is Essay Saint a risk will make them choose someone else. Choosing the wrong person is more costly than just waiting for the right person. So how many jobs should you apply for? There is no magic number. Just be honest with yourself and answer a few more questions before you decide to apply: (If the job isnt local) Would I actually relocate for the job or am I just applying to see what happens?

Please, please, please do not apply just for kicks. You dont have to be 100% ready and/or sure you would move and imperialism in the nineteenth century by all of the except it can be contingent on an offer, but be realistic and try your best not to waste the companies time and more importantly, your own time . If youve taken the Essay Saint, time to self-select only the best opportunities your ratio of [jobs applied to: initial interviews] will sky rocket. Do I actually want to be doing whats described in multiplier the job description on a day-to-day basis? If you dislike your current job duties, applying to another company that has the promise of better perks or a better manager wont change the duties as described. Some people are just free spirits or entrepreneurs and regardless of where they go, theyll never be content unless they start something of Helens, their own. Its OK if youre a few years below the minimum experience level, but not TOO far below. If youre just a college grad, dont go for of the disadvantage of using research?, senior level jobs that require 710+ years of experience.

But you CAN go for jobs that require, say, 35 years of experience even if you only Essay about Helens have 1. Its OK if your education level is a little below the required amount, but again, not too much below. For example even though I never went to western imperialism late nineteenth century was stimulated except, grad school, Ive been able to get interviews for internships that required an MBA, and full time jobs that required a masters, but jobs that require PhDs are out of my league. Make sure that you can actually DO the job. You might not need credentials, but you do need the skills to about, get results. To his point, I recently reviewed resumes with a manager and the job description for this particular role required 35 years of experience. However, a candidate with only 18 months of experience got an interview because he was doing the exact responsibilities needed for this job at western in the late nineteenth century by all of the following except, his current job. Mount Saint Helens? The hiring manager had the utmost of confidence that the western in the late nineteenth was stimulated by all of the following, candidate could do the role without question. If youve answered the above questions and still think youre a fit, then only about Mount Helens apply to jobs where you can edit your resume specifically for that job. This brings me to the next stage of positive of technology, getting any interview you want the Essay about, resume. Youve probably heard that you have 6 seconds to capture a recruiters attention. I can tell you that its sometimes even less then that.

I once shared my friends resume to a colleague on a different team for positive of technology, review. About Mount? I stood over her shoulder as she reviewed her resume in less than 5 seconds. In that amount of time, she had determined with confidence that my friend was not a fit for the position. I share this brief story only to say that no one is exempt from having this happen to transport, them. Lets explore why this happens, starting with the basics of formatting. Essay Mount? Well use our trusty friend and Pokemon trainer, Ash Ketchum, as an example throughout this section.

Take a look at transport, some resume samples by Fatemah (founder of CareerTuners, a professional resume writing company) and her team of resume writers (Click here for a cheat sheet as well). Your resumes format should closely resemble at least one of the formats in about Mount Saint the links above. Recruiters review hundreds (maybe even thousands) of resumes per week. If your resume is in a format completely different than what Ive shared, it makes it harder for positive of technology, the recruiter to find where the most crucial information on Essay about Saint Helens, your resume is located. Inside Scoop: Make the recruiter/hiring manager try too hard and your resume could be in The Evolution Essay the rejection pile before you even get a fair chance. In addition, please dont put your picture on your resume! Its distracting and stands out too much to be of any help to Essay, you. If youre thinking well, recruiters should just try harder to review every resume regardless of the format, then you may be right, but thats simply not the reality. Trust me when I say that I used to be a big fan of colorful/well designed resumes. I thought the standard format was lame, bland, and made me seem like everyone else. Then I became a recruiter and had to look through hundreds of resumes myself.

Pro Tip: Like my mom used to say your resume format cant get you a job, but it can surely cost you an U.S. on Computing, opportunity. Designers and creatives have a license to make cool looking resumes. If non-designer recruiters will be reviewing your resume first, however, then I think my advice still stands (especially if youve attached your portfolio). Only if you know that your application will go directly to the hiring manager than perhaps some creativity will be welcome. Ill tackle a few high level concepts before getting into the specifics of editing a resume for the job. If you are 12 years out of college, keep your resume limited to 1 page.

If you have more experience, then feel free go over 1 page as needed . Theres nothing worse than a 17 page resume (you think Im kidding, but Im not) and Essay about Helens 23 pages is absolutely fine, especially if youve been in Of Tattoos Essay the workforce for a while. Should education be at about Mount, the top or bottom? What about the date of graduation? Your education should go at western imperialism late nineteenth following except, the top of your resume under three conditions: 1) If you know the hiring manager/recruiter will recognize the name of your college and be impressed , 2) you graduated within the past 35 years, 3) your degree is particularly relevant to the position. Include the Essay about Mount, date of graduation if youve graduated within the 2000s. Otherwise, feel free to drop the date since its no longer relevant. The skills laundry list (less is more) Have you ever taken a beautiful palette of paint and mixed every color together?

Or combined every drink from a soda fountain? These things sound childish right? So does a laundry list of skills on your resume. Essay Of The U.S. Census On Computing? Ive actually been in Essay Mount meetings with hiring managers where they comment on not knowing what a candidate is actually good at because they list out Essay Effect of the Census Technology so many things on their resume and its cost them an interview. Be specific and choose a handful (45) of relevant skills that are highlighted in the job description already. Should I order jobs chronologically or by relevance? Hiring managers (for the most part) are particularly interested in what youve been doing in the past 23 years and about Mount Saint how it relates to the position theyre trying to gaseous, fill.

If, for about Mount Saint Helens, some reason, youve been working in retail recently but you used to be a six sigma black belt, your best bet is to begin working on relevant side projects to put at The Evolution Of Tattoos, the top of Saint, your resume and/or to get a personal referral of someone who can speak to how much of a champion you once were. What should I do about job hoppy-ness? Not all hiring managers care about your job-hopping history. For ones who do, you can write a quick blurb beside each short job explaining your reasons for leaving. Gaseous Transport? Sometimes there are legitimate cases where hiring managers and recruiters can overlook a candidates hoppy job history. The best cure for a job-hoppy resume, however, is some stability. It might pay dividends down the line to just stick it out at your current job for at least a year or two before looking for something else. N ow that weve covered some common questions, I can get into the specifics of editing your resume.

The following is a list of 6 key elements that recruiters will be scanning your resume for during review. Your current job title Current employer/Tenure The first bullet of your current job Education Previous job title Previous employer/Tenure. Your current job title Lets start at the beginning. People will disagree with me on this point, but I think this is the single most important element of your resume. So important, in Saint fact, that its worth editing when appropriate. Lets say you want to Essay, apply for a Product Manager role and your current job is Product Owner III.

If youve read the Saint, description and western by all of the following you know (with 100% certainty) that you can do and Essay Mount Saint Helens have done what the position ask for and you genuinely feel the difference in title is semantics, then I advocate you change the title on what is the, your resume to Product Manager. Now this advice will obviously ruffle feathers, and for good reason. There are people who will read this article, misuse my suggestion, go into Essay about Mount Saint Helens, an interview, and waste everyones time just to Of Tattoos Essay, never to be invited back again. Let me be clear: please do not lie on your resume. Its just the wrong thing to about Saint Helens, do. The Evolution Of Tattoos Essay? However, companies sometimes have certain titles for positions because thats what its always been called here. If you fall into this category, and Mount Saint youll know if you do, then I think you should change your title so the people reviewing your resume dont overlook your skills and experience for semantic reasons.

If you make it to an onsite interview, then make sure to put your actual work title in the formal application, so when HR does an employment check, things pan out. Current employer/Tenure If the recruiter/hiring manager reviewing your resume will recognize the transport, name of your current employer, than it should be above your job title. Similar to the point that having an Essay Helens, Ivy League school on your resume matters more than what your degree title, your company can provide more credibility than your job title because unlike your role title its un-editable. The first bullet of is a disadvantage of using ethnography as a method research?, your current job This is where most people drop the about Mount, ball because it take a certain finesse. Applying to a job is not about you, its about the Essay on The Effect of the, company. About Mount Saint Helens? Your view of which is a disadvantage ethnography as a of social, your most important skills is not necessarily relevant. What is Essay about Saint Helens relevant is what the company says they need in a job description. Lets refer back to Ash Ketchum:

To illustrate this point, take a look at Effect Census on Computing Technology, the sample job description below. Pay close attention to whats highlighted in yellow. Now lets take a look at the first bullet of Ashs resume: See how in the first bullet of his first job he does a great job at matching the most important bullet in the job responsibilities to his experience? Obviously, this is a fun example but its your job as a candidate to find the most important bullet point(s) of a job description and Essay about Mount Saint Helens explain with a brief, data-driven, and concrete example of how youve done exactly what they need. Your competition is blasting resumes out and not taking the time to do this extra step. The Evolution Essay? This might take an extra bit of time, but will set you apart from others applying for the role. Pro Tip: If there are industry keywords (like tools, softwares, buzzwords, or methodologies), that the company mentions in their job description, then include 23 of these in the first bullet of Mount, your current job and late century following bold them. This is the epitome of making life easy for the recruiters and about Saint Helens hiring managers reviewing your resume. What Is The Multiplier? Keywords are extremely important in a resume and oftentimes recruiters and hiring managers will simply CTRL+F to find them. If you can beat them to Essay about Saint, the punch by simply bolding them in your resume, youll be ahead of the The Evolution Essay, curve.

Its also important to note that including a skill in your resume is Essay about not enough, particularly if its highlighted in Of Tattoos Essay the job description. Essay Saint Helens? You must take the time to actually write out how you used this skill/tool/methodology. Education Be honest and completely transparent about your education. If you didnt graduate, dont make it seem like you did. In addition, if you have a GPA below 3.7 and you graduated more than 3 years ago, then its best that you remove it from in the late century of the your resume. Its probable that the hiring manager doesnt care and its best not to Saint Helens, draw attention to it if its not extremely high. Previous job title The previous job title can do two things for you. It can either show your progression up the ranks in a given field, or it can illustrate your tenure and experience. If your title is the same at Essay on The Census on Computing, two different companies it starts to build credibility that you can do the job, especially if the job title is the Essay about Saint, same as the one in western imperialism in the following except the job description. If your previous job title is a more junior title it can show that youre a hard worker that takes initiative.

Both are impressive, but make sure to craft a purposeful and meaningful story when it comes to your current and previous job titles because it matters. Previous employer/Tenure Last but not least, list your employer previous to your current one and the length of time you were in that role. Try and about Mount Saint Helens stick to a consistent format to showcase this as well. So whether thats [employer/title/tenure], [title/employer/tenure], or any other combination, keep it consistent. If youre in a situation where youve had multiple roles at transport, the same company, Id suggest having one tenure at the top with different titles and summaries underneath. However, if you were there for a significant amount of Essay about Mount Saint, time (5+ years) its definitely worth it to label your tenure in The Evolution Essay each role so it doesnt leave the hiring manager guessing. For those of you whove been looking for a job or generally unemployed for Essay about Saint, over a year take a look at these articles (here, here, and in the late by all of the following here) for some motivation and tips.

You might be at a disadvantage, but dont give up, winners never quit! After youve picked the perfect job and edited your resume to Essay Saint, perfection, theres only one thing left to Essay Effect of the U.S. Census on Computing Technology, do. Apply! Lets dive into 4 crucial elements of about Saint Helens, applying for a job. Im in the school of The Evolution Of Tattoos Essay, thought that a traditional cover letter is completely unnecessary. As a recruiter I rarely read cover letters because they are typically never specific enough to Mount, matter.

I wouldnt write a cover letter if it isnt required. However, if it is required this article does a great job of explaining how you should write it. A cover letter alone cant get you an interview, but a resume can. Ive never heard of a hiring manager not wanting to interview a candidate because s/he didnt write a cover letter. 2. Applying Online (Major Key Alert) The moment you see a job posted you should spring into action.

The sooner the Essay on The Census, job has been posted, the better your chance of securing an about Mount Saint, interview and landing an positive, offer. Ive seen too many candidates apply late in the game only to complete a full set of interviews without knowing that theres already a first choice candidate in the pipeline. Recruiters usually arent at liberty to disclose how you fare among other candidates, but know that our motto is Mount Helens a role isnt filled, until its filled . On The Effect U.S. Census On Computing? This means that well continue to source candidates and about Mount Saint Helens set up interviews even if there are candidates at on The U.S. Census on Computing, the final stage of the interview process. In addition, do not apply for too many jobs at one company in one time frame. Recruiters can typically see all the jobs youve applied for at their company. Helens? If they notice youve applied to of technology, a laundry list of irrelevant roles it will reflect poorly upon you. It shows that youre not being selective and Essay about Mount Saint therefore dont know where your skills match up with what the company needs.

Pro Tip: If youd like to put your resume on job boards like Monster and what is the multiplier Careerbuilder so that recruiters can contact you, its best to Essay Helens, change your address to the location you wish to transport, work. For example if youre in NYC currently, but you want to work in San Francisco, you should change your address to a local one in Mount San Francisco. Recruiters often sort by of technology, zip code and Essay Saint miles away from a particular city. So if you change your zip code to that city, it does us a favor. It usually doesnt matter if you currently live there, what matters is if youre willing to relocate (especially on western in the nineteenth was stimulated by all of the, your dime for contract positions). 3. Helens? Reaching out to effects of technology, the recruiter/hiring manager. The best message Ive ever received from a candidate went something like this: I know youre busy so Ive created a short and Mount Saint long form of this email. Effects Of Technology? TL;DR: Ive applied for XYZ position and Essay Mount Saint my resume is attached. Would love your help in getting my application reviewed. Long Form: Im very interested in on The Effect U.S. on Computing Technology joining

If you emailed a recruiter with this message, youd have your resume reviewed at the very least. If they dont respond, you can assume youre not a fit for the position or that theyre not the right person to connect with. The reason this message is Essay Mount Saint so powerful is because it shows that you understand were busy and dont always have time to read cold emails, mainly ones that are long and Of Tattoos Essay dont get to the point. Youd absolutely be standing out about Mount if you kept it brief and polite with an understanding that the recruiter/hiring manager doesnt owe you anything. Its always off putting when people approach me with a sense of entitlement, and it does more harm then good. Effects Of Technology? Its best to Essay about Saint, be humble when approaching people who work at the company. Its common knowledge that referrals are the best and easiest way to break into a top tier company.

However, many people dont have the luxury of seeing what a referral looks like on the other side. I can say with confidence that asking someone to positive, refer you who doesnt know you personally, is going to help you very little, if at all. Potential candidates obviously hope that the referrer wrote nice things about about Mount Saint Helens them, but this is near impossible if the referrer doesnt know the candidate well. Imagine you met someone at a networking event and the next day s/he ask for you to refer them to an opening at their company. Your reputation is on the line, so while you might forward his/her resume to HR, its not going to benefit them much if you arent gushing with positive things to say about their role-related knowledge. Its safe to say that all referrals arent created equal. The power of a good referral is worth its weight in gold and western late by all of the except can put you ahead of the pack instantaneously. Companies understand this and work hard to increase referrals because the Saint Helens, stats speak for themselves.

With that in mind, its wise to choose your referrer carefully and to ensure that s/he knows a good amount about transport your work life and not just personal life. W rapping Up: So if youve made it this far, I thank you for reading and hope youve gotten at least one useful tip that will help you in your job search. Recruiters, Id love to Essay Helens, know your thoughts on whether you agree or disagree with this piece. Its helpful for The Evolution Essay, you to share your opinions on about Saint, the topics discussed in this guide so readers and get a better look into our world. Final note: Not everything is in your control. You could be the perfect candidate, at what multiplier, the perfect time, with the perfect skills, but not get the about Mount, position for reasons youll never know.

Be OK with that, and forge ahead despite setbacks. Good luck! Questions to ask yourself for fit: Imagine you are the hiring manager for a position youve found online and you see your resume come across your desk for review. Of Tattoos Essay? Would you feel excited to setup a phone screen with yourself or would you be taking a chance to see what youve got? Can you answer in-depth interview questions with nitty gritty answers for all of the job duties (excluding the Essay about Mount Saint Helens, use of company specific systems and tools)? How does the day-to-day of your current situation (employed or unemployed) match up with the job description? Be specific and choose a handful (45) of relevant skills to positive effects, highlight ( and literally bold in Mount Helens your resume ) that have been mentioned in the job description already. Edit your job titles if appropriate (please see explanation). The first bullet point in your first job should match up with the most important bullet point in gaseous transport the Job Duties section of a job description.

Dont worry about a cover letter, its not going to make or break you getting the interview if your resume is great. About Saint? Recruiters usually arent at liberty to disclose how you fair amongst other candidates, but please know that its our motto that a role isnt filled, until its filled. This means that well continue to source candidates and setup interviews even if there are candidates at the final stage of the interview process. When sending messages to recruiters or employees of a company online create a one sentence TL;DR to increase your chances of response. Transport? Not all referrals are created equal, choose who refers you carefully.

If you enjoyed this story, please recommend and Essay about Helens share to is the, help others find it! Feel free to leave a comment below. The Mission publishes stories, videos, and podcasts that make smart people smarter. About Mount Helens? You can subscribe to get them here. Clapping shows how much you appreciated Rotimi Lademos story. Recruiting Associate @ Waymo (Googles Self-Driving Car)

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1 Overview to Sales Order Management. This chapter contains these topics: Sales order management involves much more than taking an order and shipping it. Today's requirements include sophisticated order management, inventory allocation, kitting, and promotional pricing. The Sales Order Management system allows you to Essay about, address these issues. Of The Following Is A Ethnography Method. When with Load and Delivery Management and Bulk Stock Management, the Sales Order Management system also provides solutions to meet the specific needs of energy and Essay Mount Helens, chemical industries. These additional requirements include ambient and standard temperature readings, trip-building, load and on The, delivery confirmation, and quality test results.

The Sales Order Management system provides many features: Extensive user defined information. Recurring order and order template processing. Customer and item preference profiles. Online inventory availability and available-to-promise information. Comprehensive order and Mount Helens, line status tracking. Essay On The Effect U.S. Census. Flexible pricing and discounting, which supports promotions, contracts, and allowances. Essay About Saint Helens. You can enhance customer service by using the Sales Order Management system to create order templates, standing or blanket orders, and Essay, quote orders. Also, the Essay Sales Order Management system provides additional customer service support through online displays that provide the following: Pertinent order, inventory, transportation, and western late nineteenth was stimulated of the, financial information.

Net profitability of a product line when promotions, discounts, and allowances are applied. You must manage pricing efficiently, given the complexity of customer- and market-specific contracts, special promotions, allowances, and date effectiveness. Essay About Mount Saint. The Sales Order Management system allows you to set up a flexible base pricing structure. What Multiplier. You can then define price adjustments to revise and update prices when necessary. JD Edwards World Sales Order Management system works with other distribution/logistics and manufacturing systems to ensure that customer demand is met. Supply and demand components must balance to Mount Helens, ensure that this takes place. The key is integration and the proactive use of distribution and The Evolution Of Tattoos, logistics information. 1.1.1 Integration with Accounting and Distribution Systems. The following illustrates and describes how the Essay about Saint Helens Sales Order Management system integrates with general accounting and other distribution systems. Figure 1-1 Sales Order Management System Integration. Western Century Was Stimulated Except. The system retrieves item prices and costs from the Inventory Management system for sales orders.

The system updates the general ledger and creates accounts receivable entries for invoices. About Mount Saint. In addition, the system records inventory, cost of goods sold (COGS), revenue, and tax transactions for cash receipts processing. The central point of integration is The Evolution JD Edwards World General Accounting system which tracks sales order accounting. All distribution systems interface with the General Accounting system through the use of automatic accounting instructions (AAIs). The Sales Order Management system works with the Mount Address Book system to Essay, retrieve up-to-date customer billing and warehouse address information. The Inventory Management system stores item information for the Sales Order Management, Purchase Management, and manufacturing systems. It also stores sales and purchasing costs and quantities available by location and tracks holds for locations that should not be used for transactions. Any change in Essay about Saint Helens, inventory valuation, count variances, or movement updates the general ledger.

The Procurement system supports direct ship order and effects, transfer order processing. You can use the system to release receipts to backordered items. Optionally, you can use the Advanced Pricing system in conjunction with the Sales Order Management system. Essay About Mount. This system integrates with many of the price-related programs in the Sales Order Management system and is a of using ethnography as a method, provides additional pricing, preference, reporting, and setup functionality. 1.1.8 Advanced Warehouse Management. Optionally, you can use the Mount Saint Advanced Warehouse Management system in on The U.S. Census on Computing, conjunction with the Sales Order Management system. About Saint Helens. This system integrates with many of the programs related to items and provides additional reporting, picking, and setup functionality. 1.1.9 Load and Delivery Management System. The Sales Order Management can be closely integrated with the Load and gaseous transport, Delivery Management system to provide advanced sales order (ECS) functionality. Essay About Helens. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is the computer-to-computer exchange of business transactions, such as purchase orders, invoices, and shipping notices, in a standard format that most computers can process.

The Electronic Commerce system consists of JD Edwards World System 47, which is the application interface containing application files and what is the, interface programs. System 47 works in conjunction with a third party translation software that translates EDI standard data into a JD Edwards World file format so that the JD Edwards World application software can manage the data. When you receive documents, your translator software: Retrieves the data via network communications. Translates the data from EDI Standard format to JD Edwards World application file format. Moves the translated data into the JD Edwards World EDI interface files. The JD Edwards World Electronic Commerce system then moves the data into Saint, the appropriate application files. When you send documents, the system performs the procedures above in reverse order. The following graphic illustrates the EDI process: Figure 1-2 EDI Process. 1.1.10.2 Electronic Documents Supported by JD Edwards World. The EDI documents that JD Edwards World currently supports appear in Essay Effect on Computing Technology, the following table.

The table includes corresponding codes for ANSI and EDIFACT, which are EDI standards organizations. 1.2 Features of Sales Order Management. This section describes the features of sale order management. Order entry allows you to Mount, record information about your customers and positive of technology, the items they have ordered. When you enter a sales order, the Essay Saint Helens system automatically enters pertinent information that currently exists in the customer, item, preference, and pricing records. Sales order processing begins as soon as you complete order entry. The Sales Order Management system provides the following types of additional orders to what, accommodate specific ordering situations: Direct ship orders. Interbranch sales orders. Sales orders with manual invoice.

You enter these types of orders in the same way that you enter basic sales orders. Saint. However, the system processes each type of order differently. Some orders, such as blanket and The Evolution Of Tattoos Essay, quote orders, can be prerequisites to actual sales orders. That is, you must enter these types of orders before you can enter sales orders from them. You use credit orders to accept returned items from a customer and to issue credit to the customer. When you enter credit information manually, the system applies the current unit price for the credited item. When you create a credit order, the Saint Helens system retrieves the credit information based on the unit price that the customer actually paid instead of today's current or average cost. Effect Of The On Computing Technology. With some advance preparation and setup, you can significantly speed up the order entry process.

One way to do this is to create and assign order templates for your customers. Templates speed the Mount Saint order entry process by reducing repetition. An order template displays frequently ordered items and quantities. You can create the two types of templates: You might have orders on hold for several reasons. For example, you might place orders on Essay Effect of the Census on Computing, hold that do not meet margin requirements. When an order is on hold, it must be released back into the processing cycle for any additional processing to take place. The system can withhold an order or order line from the processing cycle if you do not have the quantity to fill the order or order line. This type of about Mount hold is a backorder. You release backorders when inventory becomes available. After you enter sales orders, you typically advance them through the processing cycle in the following sequence: Print control pick lists and pick slips.

Update information to the general ledger (G/L) Each step of the order process has user defined status codes that you define in the order activity rules. The system uses each status code to transport, track where an order is within the sales order process. For example, if you are ready to Essay about Saint, confirm for shipment, the order might have a status code of what 560. Figure 1-3 Order Process. The process that you define for your sales orders may include additional steps, depending on the types of customers that you have. Essay Mount Saint Helens. You can review and analyze sales order information and of the of social, generate reports to Essay Mount Saint Helens, track the status of sales orders and invoices. For example, you can review the present status of any order, such as an The Evolution order that is on about Helens, hold, to accurately plan for The Evolution, future needs.

When entering or reviewing a sales order, you can quickly access item information, such as the item number, availability, quantity cost-breaks, and Essay about Mount, so on. Effects. This is Essay Helens helpful when you are speaking directly to the customer. You can also access information about customer accounts and open and closed sales orders. The Evolution. For example, you can use the about Check Credit program to of the U.S. Census Technology, compare a customer's total accounts receivable and open orders with their credit limit. You can also review sales history information and billing information that doesn't print on the invoice that the customer receives. You perform end of about Helens day processing to complete the order processing cycle. Performing end of day processing consists of running batch programs to: Calculate individual billing cycles for customers. Print periodic invoices that are due. Imperialism Late Was Stimulated Of The Except. Update all tables and records related to customer sales. Post journal entries resulting from the order processing cycle.

You should run the Update Customer Sales program each day to keep the Essay about Mount Helens most accurate sales information. You update your sales information on a daily basis to do the following: Keep accounts receivable records current. Provide daily activity reports. Keep general ledger accounts current for inventory, cost of goods sold, sales, and freight. Keep inventory on-hand balances accurate. Keep interim sales and multiplier, commission reports accurate. For each item that you sell, you must define the price at which to sell it.

You use Sales Order Management pricing to define a base pricing structure. Mount Saint Helens. The system uses this base pricing structure to retrieve prices when you enter items on an order and to calculate price adjustments and updates. You can define base prices for Of Tattoos, any combination of items, item groups, customers, or customer groups. After you define base prices, you can set up price adjustments that might include the following types of price calculations: Contract pricing, which applies special pricing for an item to a single customer or customer group. Trade discount pricing, which is a discount percentage on about Mount Saint, all items for a specific customer. Cash discount pricing, which you can apply to individual sales order detail lines. Repricing, which are additional discounts or markups that you can set up or to recalculate sales orders. Of The Of Using Ethnography As A Of Social. You can use preferences to customize the way sales orders are processed. For sales order processing, JD Edwards World has provided preferences that you can customize to meet your specific business requirements. Typically, you create preferences when you have consistent business requirements that differ from the default values for the Sales Order Management system.

For example, you can create preferences to suit the needs of: Your customer's specific requirements. Your company's policies. About Saint Helens. Regulatory agencies' rules. You can customize the Sales Order Management system to meet your company's needs and customer demand. Before you use the Sales Order Management system to process sales orders, you must perform the imperialism in the was stimulated following except following system setup tasks: Set up constants that provide the system with default information for Essay about, day-to-day transactions within a branch/plant. Set up customer billing instructions, which are rules the system uses in processing a customer's order. Set up order line types, which are codes that determine how the imperialism in the late nineteenth century was stimulated by all of the system processes a detail line in an order. Set up order activity rules to establish the sequence of Essay Saint allowable steps that an order takes from beginning to end.

Define the codes that the system uses to place sales orders on hold. Define branch sales markups, which are transfer costs that apply to U.S. Census Technology, interbranch sales or transfer orders. Set up commission information for a specific salesperson or a group of salespeople. Set up automatic accounting instructions (AAIs), which provide the Essay about Mount Saint Sales Order Management system with accounting information and general ledger relationships for interacting with the General Accounting system. 1.2.11 Advanced and Technical Operations.

Advanced and technical operations for U.S. Census, the Sales Order Management system include: Working with subsystems. You can use these procedures to keep your system and operations running smoothly and efficiently.

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essay of world war 1 About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Essay Mount Saint Helens? Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous. And its results were profound.

The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by western imperialism late century by all following, the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August. Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium.

France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of France and Russia the Essay about same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on positive of technology, Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and Essay Mount Helens, debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to Of Tattoos, allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of Helens, imperial Germany.

Fears were more important than ambitions. Positive Effects Of Technology? Of the Mount Saint Helens powers involved in the outbreak of Of Tattoos, war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. Essay? The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige.

These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the consequences to effects, themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and Essay Saint, humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. Multiplier? The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and Essay about Helens, military strength of their German neighbours.

France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to defend. The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of gaseous, all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values.

Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in about Helens August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon is the, events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the Essay Mount Helens following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of positive effects of technology, territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to Essay about Helens, the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to of the disadvantage of using ethnography method of social research?, join, but finally chose the Allies in Essay Saint Helens August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation.

The German response was swift and decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to is the, keep Germany in the war for Essay about Saint Helens another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the Essay Effect U.S. on Computing world's greatest imperial power. Essay About Mount Helens? The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas.

They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the what multiplier British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the Essay Helens United States but also in that of Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in The Evolution Of Tattoos 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of Essay about Mount, attrition against of technology, the German army. Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and about Saint, field fortifications.

Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to imperialism in the nineteenth century was stimulated by all of the following except, defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the Mount French armies. The plan met with initial success.

The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an The Evolution Essay, almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the Essay about Mount Saint events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the strategic initiative.

It was free to retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. The Evolution? These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918.

It was characterized by Saint, the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the positive of technology German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Saint Artois; in the autumn of 1915 in of the on Computing Technology Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe.

The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of Helens, morale in the French army. For much of the rest of gaseous, 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. During the Mount Saint Helens battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of effects of technology, Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the Essay about war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. Effects? The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success.

The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in Mount front of of technology, Amiens and later to the north in front of Ypres. No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda.

It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. For the rest of the war in the west the Germans were in Essay about Saint retreat. On the Eastern Front in which of the following is a disadvantage of social Galicia and Essay about Saint Helens, Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Essay Effect Of The U.S. Census Technology? Man#156;uvre was always possible and Mount, cavalry could operate effectively.

This did nothing to Essay of the Census, lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and about Saint Helens, the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the positive of technology Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and Mount Helens, the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia.

They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Century Was Stimulated Of The Except? Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Mount, Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions.

By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by on The of the U.S. on Computing Technology, Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Saint Helens, Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to which is a disadvantage of using ethnography of social, keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Essay About Mount? Without the effects of technology Russian contribution in Essay about Helens the east it is what is the multiplier, far from about Mount Saint Helens certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. Positive Effects? The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in about Mount the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to which of the following disadvantage of using research?, dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in Essay about Helens a major Italian defeat at Caporetto.

The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in which of the is a ethnography as a method of social the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and Mount Saint Helens, split the Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Which Following Is A Disadvantage Ethnography As A Of Social? Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender. In the about Mount Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and gaseous transport, declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Essay Saint Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the gaseous transport malarial plains into Essay Mount Saint the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of of the U.S. Census on Computing, 1918.

In the Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the Essay about Mount Saint war was characterized by the doggedness of on The of the, Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the about Mount Helens war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of The Evolution Of Tattoos, stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by Essay Mount Helens, a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at late century of the following Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to the command of Mount, British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war.

The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by effects, Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in Essay Mount Saint Helens West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by of technology, Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the Saint Helens bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of The Evolution Of Tattoos Essay, these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation.

Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of Essay about Mount Saint Helens, ruin. German violation of international law and sinking of what is the multiplier, American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on the Allied side. The British naval blockade of about Saint, Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and Essay on The Effect U.S. Census on Computing, military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to Essay about Mount Saint, allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable.

The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of western late century was stimulated except, season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the war on proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the about Mount Saint rights of small nations. By 1918 the gaseous British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of about, naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. In The Late Nineteenth Century By All Of The Following? It was truly a war of illusions.

Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. About? This belief was not based on complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the on The Effect U.S. murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to Essay about, these assumptions was the gaseous transport American Civil War.

This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it. This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short.

They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. Essay About Mount Helens? To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the Essay Effect Census Technology German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west. Strategic conduct of the about Saint First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in Essay Effect of the U.S. Census on Computing his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Essay about Mount Saint Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained.

It was inherited from Essay German history and was central to Essay about Mount, Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in which following ethnography method research? the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by Essay about Mount Saint, knocking out one of their enemies before the other could take the field. The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow.

Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to of the U.S. Census on Computing, put an army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the Essay Mount Helens German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs.

As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the political power to command the resources of on The of the on Computing, Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in about Mount Saint a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front. The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers. The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig.

This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control. The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. What Is The Multiplier? The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Mount Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the Essay Effect of the U.S. Census Technology Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence. This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the substance.

General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and Mount Helens, without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of transport, strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely.

The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and Essay Saint, they would again in what multiplier the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built. British entry into about Saint Helens the war dramatically shifted the on The Effect economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of about Mount, it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market.

British access to world supplies of food and credit and to of the as a method of social, imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the Mount Saint 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to The Evolution, be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to Saint, confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of transport, much of northern France and most of Belgium. At its closest point the Essay Mount Saint Helens German line was less than 40 miles from of the is a of using ethnography as a of social research? Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at Helens least during the first three years of the war. During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to evict the Germans.

This was followed by western imperialism in the following except, the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of Essay about Mount Helens, military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to prevail its allies would have to disadvantage of using method of social, contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to Mount Saint, the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to.

The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. Effects Of Technology? A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. Essay Saint Helens? If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into what is the the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the about Mount Helens French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged.

The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to positive effects, recognize that the war would be long and about Mount Saint Helens, require the complete mobilization of which of the disadvantage of using ethnography research?, national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914. He doubted whether the French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. About Saint? He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to Essay Effect U.S. on Computing Technology, arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in about Helens 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the gaseous German army ripe for defeat.

They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the Essay about Mount Saint peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire. This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief.

And so did the Russians. Gaseous Transport? If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in the attrition of about, German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in Essay on The U.S. British history.

They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and about Saint, the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by the need to The Evolution Essay, keep France in the war. Essay Mount Saint? This could only be done in France and by fighting the German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an what, Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and Essay about Helens, December 1916 they determined to Essay Effect U.S. on Computing, stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts.

A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to Essay Mount Saint, divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance. Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult.

This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and what is the multiplier, more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from Saint their civilian populations.

Improvements in disadvantage ethnography as a method research? agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for years at a time. Mount Saint Helens? Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and what, deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Mount Saint? Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the The Evolution range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and Essay Saint, mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to Essay, make the First World War the first 'modern war'. Essay About Mount Saint? But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. The consequences of it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to effects of technology, offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield.

Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in about Mount Saint Helens the face of huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of of the following is a of using ethnography method research?, iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough. The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the Essay Mount Saint technology itself. The principal instrument of is the multiplier, education was artillery. About Mount? And the mode of instruction was experience.

Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to positive of technology, get out of the open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of Essay about, perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in order to survive. The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for western century by all most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires.

These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to Essay Mount Saint, protect. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate. The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness.

Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the positive effects of technology solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and Mount Saint Helens, sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Of Tattoos Essay? Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers.

Munitions were also improved. Poison gas shells became available for the first time in Essay Saint large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the positive effects of technology explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of about Saint, supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Gaseous? Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the Mount Helens first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and Essay on The Effect of the U.S. Census Technology, bring an entire offensive to a halt.

From the Essay Saint Helens autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. Of The Is A Disadvantage Research?? The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and Mount Saint Helens, bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed.

In 1914 the British soldier went to which disadvantage of social research?, war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and Essay about Mount Helens, mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and transport, preceded by Essay Saint, a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of of the disadvantage ethnography as a method of social research?, war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the Essay about Mount Helens German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. Gaseous? The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the Mount Saint Helens autumn of gaseous, 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult.

A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Essay? Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into Of Tattoos the German position, beyond the Essay Helens supporting fire of gaseous transport, its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies.

The German system required intelligent and Essay about Mount, well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon gaseous transport, enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in Saint 1940. The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by The Evolution Of Tattoos, the accumulating weight and Essay about Mount, increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on imperialism century following except, the ability of the armes' host societies to Essay Mount Saint Helens, produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and positive effects of technology, Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food.

Some of the demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. Essay Helens? 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war.

Very large numbers of western in the century by all of the following, Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the old. The British and Mount Helens, French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). In The Nineteenth By All Except? The grip of the Essay about Saint Helens skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Of Technology? Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy.

Prodigies of production were achieved. On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the Essay Saint British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. Western Imperialism Late Nineteenth Century Was Stimulated Of The Except? In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of Essay about Saint, 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only is the did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and Mount, provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Of The Is A Of Using Research?? Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the equality of access to Mount Saint Helens, food supplies.

In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain. Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of North and South America and Essay on The Census on Computing, Australasia. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to the war was low in most countries. But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and about Saint, then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the war in 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for positive women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at about Mount Saint home.

And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Gaseous Transport? Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of Essay Mount Saint, defeat, increasingly weakened by Of Tattoos, the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by Essay about Saint Helens, fear and is the multiplier, loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium.

They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought. The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire.

They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. Saint Helens? 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for what twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. About Mount Helens? The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. The real impact was moral. Which Following Is A Disadvantage Of Using Method Of Social? The losses struck a blow at Essay Helens European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization.

It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded. From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright 1997 by Oxford University Press.