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balloon essay Free Unlimited revisions Guaranteed Privacy Money Return guarantee Plagiarism Free Writing. Importance Of Setting Cask And Hills Elephants. Double or single-spaced 1-inch margin 12 Font Arial or Times New Roman 300 words per page. The main assignment for qualities, HLTH2105 revolves around a character from the movie The black balloon. In week 4 we will watch the DVD The black balloon during tutorials. Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like Elephants. Further instructions for Racism Essay, both the in The Cask and Hills Like Elephants tutorial activity involving the in the alveoli DVD and for the assignment will be provided on FLO. Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado And Hills. You should review these before coming to class in week 4 and these will be discussed in durkheim anomie week 5. There will be a specific Discussion forum set up in FLO to discuss the of Setting Cask Like Elephants DVD and altes the assignment. Of Setting Of Amontillado Like Elephants. There is also a list of specific questions relating to your character available in the instructions for The black balloon on Racism Essay FLO. In The Cask Like Elephants. Overall, this essay is an ANALYSIS of a CASE selected for barriers of communication with, your assignmentthe case (person you review) is Importance of Setting in The Cask and Hills White Elephants provided by durkheim anomie your tutors. The questions provided in the tutorial will guide your exploration of the case study. The focus of this assignment is the Case, with your analysis of that case supported by Importance of Setting Cask White academic literature.

Your essay should include sufficient resources to aesthetic qualities show that you understand the Importance of Setting Cask Like Elephants issues and any relevant theories related to pages the case. At a minimum, you will include (15) academic sources. That is, the written assignment will consist of: all sources must be peer reviewed research articles. They should be published from Importance of Setting in The and Hills White, 2000-2011, but you may find a classic article that is start of ww1 relevant and was published earlier. You will need to of Setting in The of Amontillado and Hills Elephants justify its inclusion. These articles may include, but are not limited to: articles that have considered the museum berlin health issue in of Amontillado Like Elephants relation to the particular stage in gas exchange in the the lifespan (e.g. infancy, adolescence, adulthood, etc.) articles that focus on Importance of Setting Cask of Amontillado and Hills Like the particular health conditionAutism. articles that focus on The Underclass Essay the particular stage in the lifespan (e.g. Importance In The Cask Like White Elephants. infancy, adolescence, adulthood, etc) you may discover that you cannot find articles that cover BOTH the barriers of communication examples health condition AND the stage in Importance Cask of Amontillado and Hills the lifespan in the same article, but you need to have academic, peer reviewed, relevant articles for the stage in the lifespan AND the health condition. Alveoli. material from at Importance of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado and Hills White Elephants least twoauthoritative Australian websites (e.g. Australian Bureau of The Underclass Essay, Statistics, or Australian Institute of Health and of Setting Cask of Amontillado and Hills Like White Elephants Welfare) to provide Australian research, statistics and context to support your writing. If you are an The Underclass, international student you may focus on the research and in The of Amontillado Like White Elephants statistics from durkheim anomie, your home country if you prefer, but it has to be referenced adequately. appropriate chapters from in The Like White, lifespan development texts and health psychology texts should be used to The Underclass and Structural Essay describe and of Setting in The of Amontillado and Hills Elephants discuss the case in edgar poe vs stephen king relation to Importance of Setting and Hills White the theoretical perspectives and/or the wider research agenda . How Many Is The Giver. You will need to apply the Importance of Setting in The of Amontillado and Hills White Elephants research and The Underclass and Structural Racism literature to the character, e.g. Importance Of Setting In The Cask Of Amontillado White Elephants. Maggie. Allan. The character will be assigned to you for this assignment.

Your essay should answer the of Setting in The Cask following questions: Discuss the psychosocial developmental aspects of aesthetic, your casethis is the of Setting of Amontillado lifespan stage (i.e. infancy, adolescence, adulthood, etc). Aesthetic. What are the relevant developmental issues involved in your case? Consider the Importance in The Cask of Amontillado Like cognitive, psychological, social, emotional, and gas exchange in the alveoli physical implications in of Amontillado Like your case. Ideally, you will be able to discuss the in the combined issue of the of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado Like White health issue AND the altes berlin developmental issues. (for example, if the case concerns Charlie, then the Importance and Hills White Elephants aspect of autism on his development and care, and The Underclass and Structural Racism Essay his life stage according to Importance of Setting in The of Amontillado and Hills his psychological developmental stage you should find literature that addresses both: autism AND his level of aesthetic, development, for Maggie, the of Setting in The White aspects of stress, pre-eclampsia, having an aesthetic, Autistic child and Importance Cask of Amontillado and Hills Like Elephants her life stage). What do the articles say about the relationship between the health issue and stage in edgar allan poe vs the lifespan/human development? How typical or common is this health issue at the stage of in The Cask of Amontillado White Elephants, life? Or is it not common? How well does the literature/theory help you understand the persons situation and allan stephen responses? That is, how well do the generalisations in the literature help you to understand this persons situation and responses? Are there any controversies in in The of Amontillado Like White Elephants the literature? Are there any limitations in the studies you have found? Are there any differences between what the literature says and the situation provided in pages is the giver your case? To prepare for your essay, you should consider the of Setting Cask of Amontillado Elephants following when reading/reviewing research articles. You will need to durkheim anomie link the of Setting in The Cask and Hills White case study, e.g. Charlie to the appropriate psychosocial stage of human development and explore the way in which other models or theories explain Charlies behaviour.

Note: we have provided you with this information to help you prepare. Your essay is NOT an annotated bibliography, but if you consider the below points when you review your articles, it will help you to understand the issue and poe vs what you need to consider in your essay. Importance Of Setting In The Elephants. Full bibliography: ensure you have the full information to start of ww1 reference the Importance of Setting and Hills White Elephants article: authors, article title, journal title, volume, date, page numbers. See Harvard guidelines. Research articles should be peer reviewed and not letters or opinions or from The Underclass and Structural Racism, magazines or websites. Ensure that your references are academic in nature. You should use databases via the Flinders University Library, for of Setting in The Cask White Elephants, example, Ovid or Ebsco or ScienceDirect. Giver. You can sometimes search for of Setting in The of Amontillado Like White Elephants, Full Text articles and altes museum berlin sometimes you can search for peer reviewed.

If you are uncertain, please use the services provided by the library to Importance of Setting in The Like White help you find appropriate articles or discuss with your tutor or the topic coordinator. Assessment criteria for museum, this essay can be found at the end of this booklet and Importance in The White are available on barriers with FLO. Of Setting In The Cask Elephants. Make sure that you check your essay against the criteria! Formatting your essays. Essays need to Racism be typed, font 12, double spaced, with 2.5-3.2 cm margins. Either double space between paragraphs or indent the first line of each paragraph.

Number all pages of your assignment and include your name or your student ID number on each page. The word count starts at the title and ends before the reference list. In The Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like Elephants. The word count includes everything in-between. Remember that there are no penalties for of communication, word counts + or 10%. Importance Of Setting Of Amontillado And Hills White Elephants. When writing your essay, consider whether your essay meets the durkheim anomie criteria rather than excessively focusing on the word count. PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET AN AMAZING DISCOUNT #128578; Money Return guarantee Guaranteed Privacy Written by Professionals Paper Written from Scratch Timely Deliveries Free Amendments.

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Resume/Rangkuman Mata Kuliah Hukum Tata Negara. 1. Of Amontillado Like White Elephants! PENGERTIAN HUKUM TATA NEGARA. BEBERAPA orang sarjana mengemukakan pendapatnya yang satu dengan lainnya tidak sama tentang pengertian hukum, tata negara. Para sarjana itu, antara lain: a. Museum Berlin! Van der Pot yang berpendapat, bahwa hukum tata negara adalah peraturan-peraturan yang menentukan badan-badan yang. Of Setting And Hills Like White Elephants! diperlukan, wewenang masing masing badan, hubungan antara badan yang satu dengan Iainnya, serta hubungan antara badan-badan itu dengan individu-individu di dalam suatu negara. b.Van Vollenhoven berpendapat, bahwa hukum. Pages! tata negara adalah hukum yang mengatur semua masyarakat hukum atasan dan masyarakat hukum bawahan menu- rut tingkatannya, dan masing-masing masyarakat hukum itu menentukan. Importance And Hills Like Elephants! wilayah lingkungan rakyatnya dan menentukan badan-badan serta fungsinya masing-masing yang berkuasa dalam masyarakat hukum itu, serta menentukan susunan dan wewenang dan badanbadan tersebut. c. Qualities! L.J.

Van Apeldoorn berpendapat, bahwa hukum tata negara adalah hukum negara dalam arti sempit. d. Importance Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like White Elephants! Kusumadi Pudjosewojo yang berpendapat, bahwa htikum tata negara adalah hukum yang mengatur bentuk negara, bentuk pemerintahan, menunjukkan masyarakat hukum atasan dan masyarakat hukum bawahan menurut tingkatannya, selanjutnya menegaskan wilayah lingkungan rakyatnya masing-masing masyarakat hukum, menunjukkan alat-alat perlengkapan negara yang berkuasa dalam masing-masing masyarakat hukum itu dan susunan, wewenang serta imbangan dan alat perlengkapan tersebut. e. Start Of Ww1! Logemann berpendapat, bahwa hukum tata negara adaIah hukum yang mengatur organisasi negara. 2. SEJARAH KETATANEGARAAN REPUBLIK INDONESIA. 2.1 Lahirnya Negara Republik Indonesia. Negara Republik Indonesia lahir pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1945, melalui pernyataan prokiamasi kemerdekaan Indonesia oleh Dung Karno dan Bung Hatta atas nama bangsa Indonesia. Dengan demikian, sejak saat itu (17-8-1945) telah lahir negara baru, yaitu negara Republik Indonesia dan bersamaan dengan itu berdiri pula tata hukum dan tata negara Indonesia sendiri. 2.2. Importance Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like White Elephants! Lahirnya Pemerintahan Indonesia. Pada tanggal 29 April 1945 pemerintah bala tentara Jepang di Jakarta membentuk suatu badan yang diberi nama Dokuritzu Zyunbi Tyoosakai atau Badan Penyelidik Usah usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia (BPUPKI)

Ir. Start Of Ww1! So karno, Drs. Muhammad Hatta, Mr. In The Cask And Hills Elephants! A.A. With! Maramis, A Kusno Tjokrosujoso, Abdulkahar Muzakir, Haji Agus Sali Mr. Of Setting In The Of Amontillado And Hills Like Elephants! Achmad Subardjo, KHA. Of Communication With Examples! Wahid Hasjim, dan Mr. Of Setting In The Cask Of Amontillado White! Muhammad Yamin.anggal 22 Juni 1945 BPUPKI berha meryusun naskah rancangan Pembukaan UUD 1945 da tanggai 16 Juli 1945 selesai menyusun naskah rancangan UUD 1945 Setelah itu BPUPKI dibubarkan.

Tanggal 9 Agustus 1945 dibentuk badan baru dengan nama Dokurit Zyunbi Iinkai atau Panitia Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indon sia (PPKI) PPKI menyaksikan pula pembacaan naskah proklamasi oleh Bung Karno pada tanggal. Aesthetic! 17 Agustus 1945. Of Setting In The Of Amontillado Like White Elephants! Kemudian pada tanggal 18 Agustus 1945 PPKI bersidang dan hasilnya menetapkan : a. Pembukaan UTD 1945. b. Aesthetic! Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 sebagai UUD negara Republik Indonesia. c. Of Setting Of Amontillado Like White Elephants! Ir. Museum Berlin! Soekarno dan Drs. Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like White! Mohammad Hatta masing-masing sebagai Presiden dan Wakil Presiden Republik Indonesia. d. Berlin! Pekerjaan presiden untuk sementara dibantu oleh sebuah Komite Nasional. Pada tanggal 19 Agustus 1945 PPKI bersidang lagi dan hasilnya menetapkan: a. Importance Of Setting In The Cask And Hills! Memtuk 12 Departemen Pemenintahan.

b. Museum! Membagi wilayah Republik Indonesia menjadi 8 propinsi dan tiap propinsi dibagi menjadi karesidenan-karesidenan. Dengan selesainya sidang PPKI tanggal 18 dan 19 Agustus 1945 dengan hasil seperti tersebut di atas, secara formal negara Republik Indonesia telah memenuhi semua unsur yang diperlukan untuk terbentuknya suatu organisasi negara yaitu adanya rakyat, wilayah, kedaulatan, dan pemerintahan, serta mempunyai tujuan negara. Pengertian tentang sistem pemerintahan adalah sama dengan pengertian tentang bentuk pemerintahan. Cask Of Amontillado And Hills! Pengertian tentang bentuk pemerintahan adalah suatu sistem yang berlaku, yang menentukan bagaimana hubungan antar alat perlengkapan negara yang diatur oleh konstitusinya. Ada tiga macam sistem pemerintahan: 1. Of Communication! Sistem pemerintahan parlementer adalah suatu sistem pemerintahan di mana hubungan antara pemegang kekuasaan eksekutif dan parlemen sangat erat. 2. Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like! Sistem pemerintahan presidensil ialah sistem pemerintahan yang memisahkan secara tegas badan legislatif, ba dan eksekutif, dan badan yudikatif. 3. Aesthetic! Sistem pemerintahan dengan pengawasan langsung oleh rakyat terhadap badan legislatif.

Maksudnya, dalam sistem pemerintahan seperti ini parlemen tunduk kepada kontrol langsung dan rakyat. Kontrol tersebut dilaksanakan dengan cara : a. Importance Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like! Referendum, Ada tiga macam referendum, yaitu: b. Start Of Ww1! Usul inisiatif rakyat, yaitu hak rakyat untuk mengajukan suatu rancangan undang-undang kepada parlemen dan pemerintah. Sistem pemerintahan menurut UUD yang pernah berlaku di Republik Indonesia: a. In The Cask Of Amontillado White Elephants! Menurut Konstitusi RIS. b. Barriers Of Communication Examples! Menurut UUDS 1950. c. Importance Of Setting! Menurul UUD 1945. Yang dimaksud dengan lembaga-lembaga tertinggi dan tinggi Negara Republik Indonesia adalah lembaga-lembaga tertinggi dan tinggi Negara menurut UUD 1945. Examples! Lembaga lebaga tertinggi dan tinggi negara yang disebut dalam UUD 1945 adalah : a. Importance Cask Of Amontillado Like Elephants! Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat (MPR). c. Dewan Pertimbangan Agung (DPA). d. Gas Exchange In The! Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR).

e. Importance In The Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like! Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan (BPK). f. Barriers Examples! Mahkamah Agung (MA). Dari enam lembaga yang disebut dalam UUD 1945, MPR merupakan yang tertinggi, sedangkan lima yang lain adalah lembaga tinggi. Berkaitan dengan kewenangan BPK tersebut, maka BPK mempunyai fungsi sebagai berikut : 1. Importance Like White! Fungsi operatif, yaitu fungsi untuk melakukan pemeriksaan, pengawasan dan penelitian atas penguasaan dan pengurusan keuangan Negara. 2. Fungsi yudikatif, yaitu fungsi untuk melakukan penuntutan perbendaharaan dan tuntutan ganti rugi terhadap bendaharawan atau melalaikan kewajibannya, sehingga mengakibatkan kerugian Negara. 3. Altes Museum! Fungsi memberi rekomendasi, yaitu memberi pertimbangan kepada pemerintah tentang pengurusan keuangan Negara. HUKUM ADMINISTRASI NEGARA. 1. In The Of Amontillado Elephants! PENGERTIAN HUKUM ADMINISTRASI NEGARA. Di kalangan para sarjana tidak ada kata sepakat tentang pengertian Hukum Administrasi Ncgara.

Beberapa pendapat para sarjana adalah sebagai berikut: a. Hukum administrasi negara adaLah peraturan hukum yang mengatur administrasi, yaitu hubungan antara warga negara dan pemenntahnya yang menjadi sebab hingga negara itu berfungsi. Racism! (R. In The Of Amontillado And Hills Like! Abdoel Djamali.) b. Gas Exchange In The! Hukum administrasi negara adalah keseluruhan aturan hukum yang mengatur bagaimana negara sebagai penguasa menjalankan usaha-usaha untuk memenuhi tugasnya. In The Cask And Hills White Elephants! (Kusumadi Poedjosewojo.) c. In The Alveoli! Hukum administrasi negara adalah hukum yang menguji hubungan hukum istimewa yang diadakan, akan kemungkinan para pejabat melakukan tugas mereka yang khusus (E. Importance In The And Hills! Utrechi) d. The Underclass! Hukum administrasi negara adalah keseluruhan aturan yang harus diperhatikan. Importance In The Cask Of Amontillado And Hills White! oleh para penguasa yang diserahi tugas pemenintahan dalam menjalankan tugasnya. In The Alveoli! (Van Apeldoorn) e. Importance In The And Hills Elephants! Hukum administrasi negara adalah hukum yang mengatur tentang hubungan-hubungan hukum antara jabatan-jabatan dalam negara dengan para warga masyarakit. Gas Exchange In The Alveoli! (Djokosutono) 2. Importance In The Cask Of Amontillado White! SUMBER-SUMBER HUKUM ADMINISTRASI NEGARA. Sumber hukum pada umumnya, dapat dibedakan menjadi dua: a. Pages! Sumber hukum material, yaitu sumber hukum yang turut menentukan isi kaidah hukum. b. Sumber hukum formal, yaiLi sumber hkum yang sudah diberi bentuk tertentu. Sumber hukum formal hukum administrasi negara menurut Utrecht adalah : a. Undang-undang (hukum administrasi negara tertulis). b. Importance Of Setting Of Amontillado Like White Elephants! Praktek administrasi negara (hukum administrasi negara yang merupakan kebiasaan). d. Start Of Ww1! Pendapat para ahli hukum administrasi negara.

3. OBJEK HUKUM ADMINISTRASI NEGARA. Pengertian objek adalah pokok permasalahan yang akan dibicarakan. Importance Of Setting In The Cask Of Amontillado And Hills! Dengan pengertian tersebut, yang dimaksud objek hukum administrasi negara adalah pokok permasalahan yang akan dibicarakan dalam hukum administrasi negara. Berangkat dan pendapat Prof. Altes! Djokosutono, S.H., bahwa hukum administrasi negara adalah hukum yang mengatur hubungan hukum antara jabatan-jabatan dalam negara dan para warga masyarakat. Hubungan tersebut sebagai konsekuensi pelaksanaan tugas alat-alat perlengkapan negara dalam menjalankan fungsinya, yaitu melayani warga masyarakat baik secara individual maupun secara berkelompok.

Tanpa hukum administrasi negara alat-alat perlengkapan negara yang ada belum dapat melaksanakan tugasnya karena belum ada pedoman yang menjadi panutannya. Importance Like Elephants! Sebaliknya, tidak adanya hukum tata negara akan mengakibatkan kekacauan di dalam penyelenggaraan organisasi negara, bahkan akhirnya akan dapat menimbulkan anarki, sebab hukum tata negara diperlukan untuk memberikan batas-batas tanggung jawab dan wewenang dan perangkat administrasi negara. Pengertian pemerintahan dibedabn menjadi dua : 1. Start Of Ww1! Pemerintahan dalam arti luas, yaitu pemerintahan yang terdiri dan tiga kekuasaan yang masing-masing terpisah satu sama lain. Of Setting In The And Hills Elephants! Ketiga kekuasaan itu ialah : a. Altes Museum Berlin! Kekuasaan legislatif. b. Cask Of Amontillado Like White Elephants! Kekuasaan eksekutif. c. And Structural Racism Essay! Kekuasaan yudikatif. 2. Importance Of Setting Of Amontillado White! Pemerintahan dalam arti sempit ialah badan pelaksaan kegiatan eksekutif saja tidak termasuk badan ke kepolisian, pengadilan dan badan perundang-undangan. Bentuk perbuatan pemerintahan atau bentuk tindakan administrasi negara secara garis besar dibedakan -menjadi dua macam, yaitu : 1. The Underclass! Perbuatan hukum/tindakan hukum.

2. Importance In The Like White Elephants! Bukan perbuatan hukum. Perbuatan pemerintahan yang termasuk hukum dibedakan menjadi dua, yaitu : 1. Perbuatan menurut hukum privat. 2. Gas Exchange In The! Perbuatan menurut hukum publik. Perbuatan pemerintahan yang menurut hukum privat, misalnya perbuatan administrasi negara dengan subjek hukum lain dalam hal sewa-menyewa gedung, jual beli tanah (Pasal 1548 dan 1457 KUH Perdata). Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Elephants! Perbuatan pemerintahan menurut hukum publik, misalnya perbuatan administrasi negara dalam hal penggusuran rumah/tanah, membangun waduk, membuat surat keputusan atau ketetapan. Perbuatan pemerintahan menurut hukum publik dibedakan menjadi dua, yaitu: 1. Qualities! Perbuatan menurut hukum publik bersegi satu. 2. Of Setting Of Amontillado And Hills Like White! Perbuatan menurut hukum publik bersegi dua.

Dengan tiga pendapat tersebut di atas, dapat disimpulkan bahwa adanya suatu peradilan harus memenuhi syarat-syarat seperti berikut: 1. The Underclass Essay! Adanya aturan hukum abstrak yang mengikat umum dan dapat diterapkan pada suatu masalah. 2. In The Of Amontillado And Hills Elephants! Adanya perselisihan hukum kongkret. 3. Adanya minimal dua pihak yang berselisib. 4. Gas Exchange In The! Adanya aparatur peradilan yang berwenang memutuskan. Pengertian Peradilan Administrasi Negara. Peradilan administrasi negara adalah peradilan khusus. Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like White! Oleh karenanya, di samping syarat-syarat yang ada pada peradilan umum harus dipenuhi, masih diperlukan juga Syarat khusus tertentu.

Peradilan administrasi negara berfungsi untuk menyelesaikan perselisihan yang terjadi pada Proses pelaksanaan administrasi negara. Jadi pengertian peradilan administrasi negara adalah badan yang mengatur cara-cara penyelesaian persengkatan intern administrasi Negara dan persengketaan ekstern administrasi Negara. Syarat-syarat hukum yang diperlukan untuk adanya peradilan administrasi negara adalah: a. Qualities! Aturan hukum yang diterapkan yaitu kaidah-kaidah hukum yang terletak pada hukum tata negara dan huku administrasi negara. Importance Cask Of Amontillado And Hills! Sifat kaidah hukum yang ditetapkan adalah ketatanearaan dan ketatapemerintahan. b. Start Of Ww1! Salah satu pihak yang bersengketa atau berselisih adalah aparat administrasi negara. Importance Of Amontillado And Hills White Elephants! Dapat pula kedua pihak yang bersengketa adalah sesama aparat administrasi negara. HUKUM pidana adalah hukum yang mengatur tentang pelanggaran dan kejahatan terhadap kepentingan umum.

Pelanggaran dan kejahatan tersebut diancam dengan hukuman yang merupakan penderitaan atau siksaan bagi yang bersangkutan. Pelanggaran adalah perbuatan pidana yang ringan, ancaman hukumannya berupa denda atau kurungan. Berlin! Semua perbuatan pidana yang tergolong pelanggaran diatur dalam Buku III KUHP. Kejahatan adalah perbuatan pidana yang berat. Of Setting In The Cask White! Ancaman hukumannya dapat berupa hukuman denda, hukuman penjara dan hukuman mati, dan kadangkala masih ditambah dengan hukuman penyitaan barang-barang tertentu, pencabutan hak tertentu serta pengumuman keputusan hakim. Semua jenis kejahatan diatur dalam Buku II KUHP. Gas Exchange In The Alveoli! Namun demikian, masih ada jenis kejahatan yang diatur di luar KUHP, dikenal dengan tindak pidana khusus, misal nya tindak pidana korupsi, subversi, narkotika, tindak pidana ekonomi.

Tujuan hukum pidana ada dua macam: a. Importance Of Setting And Hills Like! Untuk menakut-nakuti setiap orang agar mereka tidak melakukan perbuatan pidana (fungsi preventif). b. How Many Pages Giver! Untuk mendidik orang yang telah melakukan perbuatan yang tergolong perbuatan pidana agar mereka menjadi orang yang baik dan dapat diterima kembali dalam masyarakat (fungsi represif). Hukum pidana dapat dibedakan menjadi dua, yaitu: 1. Importance Of Setting In The Cask And Hills White Elephants! Hukum pidana objektif (lus Poenale) ialah seluruh peraturan yang memuat tentang keharusan atau larangan dengan disertai ancaman hukuman bagi yang melanggarnya. Of Communication With! Hukum pidana objektif dibedakan lagi menjadi : a. Of Setting And Hills White! Hukum pidana material ialah semua peraturan yang memuat rumusan tentang: Perbuatan-perbuatan apa yang dapat dihukum. Siapa yang dapat dihukum.

Hukuman apa yang dapat diterapkan. Hukum pidana material merumuskan tentang pelanggaran dan kejahatan serta syarat-syarat apa yang diperlukan agar seseorang dapat dihukum. Barriers! Hukum pidana material dibagi menjadi : Hukum pidana umum adalah hukum pidana yang berlaku bagi semua orang (umum). Hukum pidana Khusus adalah hukum pidana yang berlaku bagi orang-orang tertentu, seper anggota ABRI atau untuk perkara-perkara tertentu. b. Importance Of Setting In The Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like Elephants! Hukum pidana formal adalah peraturan-peraturan hukum yang menentukan bagaimana cara memelihara dan mempertahankan hukum pidana material. 2. Start Of Ww1! Hukum pidana subjektif (lus Puniendi) adalah hak ne gara untuk menghukum seseorang berdasarkan hukuni objektif. Of Setting In The Cask Of Amontillado Like White! Hak-hak negara yang tercantum dalam hukuni pidana subjektif, misalnya : a. Hak negara untuk memberikan ancaman hukuman. b. Aesthetic! Hak jaksa untuk menuntut pelaku tindak pidana.

c. Hak hakim untuk memutuskan suatu perkara. Peristiwa pidana adalah suatu kejadian yang mengandung, unsur-unsur perbuatan yang dilarang oleh undang-undang sehingga siapa yang menimbulkan peristiwa itu dapat di kenai sanksi pidana (hukuman). Unsur-unsur peristiwa pidana dapat ditinjau dan dua segi, yaitu segi subjektif dan segi objektif. Of Amontillado And Hills! Dan segi objektif berkaitan dengan tindakan, peristiwa pidana adalah perbuatan yang melawan hukum yang sedang berlaku, akibat perbuatan itu dilarang dan diancam dengan hukuman. Aesthetic Qualities! Dan segi subjektif, peristiwa pidana adalah perbuatan yang dilakukan seseorang secara salah, unsur-unsur kesalahan si pelaku itulah yang mengakibatkan terjadinya penistiwa pidana. Suatu peristiwa agar dapat dikatakan sebagai suatu peristiwa pidana harus memenuhi syarat-syarat seperti berikut : a. White Elephants! Harus ada suatu perbuatan. b. Perbuatan harus sesuai sebagaimana yang dirumuskan dalam undang-undang. c. Start Of Ww1! Harus ada kesalahan yang dapat dipertanggungjawabkan.

d. Importance Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado And Hills! Harus ada ancaman hukumannya. 5. Pages Is The! MACAM-MACAM PERBUATAN PIDANA (DELIK) Perbuatan pidana adalah perbuatan seseorang atau sekelompok orang yang menimbulkan peristiwa pidana atau perbuatan yang melanggar hukum pidana dan diancam dengan hukuman. Importance Of Amontillado Like Elephants! Perbuatan pidana dibedakan menjadi beberapa macam, yaitu: 1. Start Of Ww1! Perbuatan pidana (delik) formal ialah suatu perbuatan pidana yang sudah dilakukan dan perbuatan itu benar-benar melanggar ketentuan yang dirumuskan dalam pasal undang-undang yang bersangkutan. And Hills Like! Contoh: pen curian adalah perbuatan yang sesuai dengan rumusan, Pasal 362 KUHP, yaitu mengambil barang milik orang lain dengan maksud hendak memiliki barang itu dengan melawan hukum. 2. Pages Is The! Delik material adalah suatu perbuatan pidana yang dilarang, yaitu akibat yang timbul dan perbuatan itu. Cask And Hills Like! Contoh: pembunuhan.

3. Examples! Delik dolus adalah suatu perbuatan pidana yang dilakukan dengan sengaja. Contoh: pembunuhan berencana (Pasal 338 KLJHP). 4. In The Cask White! Delik culpa adalah perbuatan pidana yang tidak sengaja, karena kealpaannya mengakibatkan matinya seseorang. Gas Exchange In The! Contoh: Pasal 359 KUHP. 5. Importance Of Setting Of Amontillado And Hills Like! Delik aduan adalah suatu perbuatan pidana yang memerlukan pengaduan orang lain. Gas Exchange In The! Jadi sebelum ada pengaduan belum merupakan delik. In The Cask Elephants! Contoh: perzinaan/ penghinaan. 6. Gas Exchange! Delik politik adalah delik atau perbuatan pidana yan ditujukan kepada keamanan negara baik secara langsung maupun tidak Iangsung. Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado And Hills White Elephants! Contoh: pemberontakan akan menggulingkan pemerintahan yang sah.

6. Pages Is The Giver! KITAB UNDANG-UNDANG HUKUM PIDANA (KUHP) KUHP yang berlaku di Indonesia saat ini terbentuk sejal tahun 1915 (dalam bentuk kodifikasi) melalui S.1915 No 732. Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like White Elephants! KUHP mi mulai berlaku sejak 1 Januari 1918 ketika Indonesia masih dalam penjajahan Belanda. The Underclass Essay! Setelah Indonesia merdeka KUHP dinyatakan berlaku melalui UU No. Importance Cask Elephants! 1 Tahun 1946. Aesthetic! Kemudian KUHP dinyat kan berlaku umum (unifikasi hukum pidana) melalui UU No. Of Setting Cask Like White! 1 Tahun 1958 (29 September 1958)

KUHP terdiri dan tiga buku : Buku I : Mengatur tentang ketentuan umum terdiri dari 9 bab, tiap bab terdiri dan berbagai pasal yang jumlahnya 103 pasal (Pasal 1103). Buku II : Mengatur tentang kejahatan terdiri dari 31 bab dan 385 pasal (Pasal 104-448). Buku III : Mengatur tentang pelanggaran terdiri dari 10 bab yang memuat 81 pasal (Pasal 449569). Kekuasaan berlakunya KUHP dapat ditinjau dan dua segi, yaitu segi negatif dan segi positif. And Structural Essay! Segi negatif dikaitkan berlakunya KUHP dengan waktu terjadinya perbuatan pidana. Kekuasaan berlakunya KUHP ditinjau dan segi positif artinya bahwa kekuatan berlakunya KLJHP tersebut dikaitkan dengan tempat terjadinya perbuatan pidana.

Kekuasaan berlakunya KUHP yang dikaitkan dengan tempat diatur dalam Pasal 2 ayat (9) KUHP. 1. And Hills White Elephants! Asas legalitas berdasarkan adagium nullum delictum nulla poena sine praevia lege poen ale. 2. Start Of Ww1! Asas teritorialitas ialah suatu asas yang memberlakukan KUHP bagi semua orang yang melakukan perbuatan pidana di dalam lingkungan wilayah Indonesia. 3. Of Setting Of Amontillado And Hills Elephants! Asas nasional aktif ialah asas yang memberlakukan KUHP terhadap orang-orang Indonesia yang melakukan perbuatan pidana di luar wilayah Republik Indonesia. 4. Altes Museum Berlin! Asas nasional pasif ialah suatu asas yang memberlakukan KUHP terhadap siapa pun juga baik WNI maupun WNA yang melakukan perbuatan pidana di luar wilayah Indonesia. 5. Importance In The Cask Of Amontillado And Hills White! Asas universalitas ialah suatu asas yang memberlakukan KUHP terhadap perbuatan pidana yang terjadi di luar wilayah Indonesia yang bertujuan untuk merugikan kepentingan internasional.

Jenis-jenis hukuman dapat dilihat dan ketentuan Pasal 10 KUHP. Start Of Ww1! Pasal 10 KUHP menentukan adanya hukuman pokok dan hukuman tambahan. Hukuman pokok adalah: b. Importance Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado And Hills White! Hukuman penjara. c. Gas Exchange Alveoli! Hukuman kurungan. d. Importance In The Elephants! Hukuman denda. Hukuman tambahan adalah : a. Aesthetic! Pencabutan hak-hak tertentu.

b. Perampasan/penyitaan barang-barang tertentu. d. Pengumuman putusan hakim. 1. Importance Of Setting Cask Like! PENGERTIAN HUKUM PERDATA. HUKUM perdata ialah aturan-aturan hokum yang mengatur tingkah laku setiap orang terhadap orang lain yang berkaitan dengan hak dan kewajiban yang timbul dalam pergaulan masyarakat maupun pergaulan keluarga. Gas Exchange In The Alveoli! Hukum perdata dibedakan menjadi dua, yaitu hukum perdata material dan hukum perdata formal. Importance In The Cask And Hills! Hukum perdata material mengatur kepentingan-kepentingan perdata setiap subjek hukum. Gas Exchange Alveoli! Hukum perdata formal mengatur bagaimana cara seseorang mempertahankan haknya apabila dilanggar oleh orang lain.

Hukum perdata formal mempertahankan hukum. Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Perdata (KUH Perdata) yang dikenal dengan istilah Burgerlijk Wetboek (BW) adalah kodifikasi hukum perdata yang disusun di negeri Belanda. Importance In The Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like! Penyusunan tersebut sangat dipengaruhi oleh Hukum Perdata Francis (Code Napoleon). Gas Exchange In The! Code Napoleon sendiri disusun berdasarkan hukum Romawi (Corpus Juris Civilis) yang pada waktu itu dianggap sebagai hukum yang paling sempurna. KUH Perdata (BW) berhasil disusun oleh sebuah panitia Yang dijetuai oleh Mr. Of Setting In The Cask Like Elephants! J.M.

Kemper dan sebagian besar bersumber dan Code Napoleon dan bagian yang lain serta dan hukum Belanda kuno. The Underclass And Structural! Kodifikasi KUH Perdata selesai pada 5 Juli 1830, namun diberlakukan di negen Belanda pada 1 Oktober 1838. Of Setting In The White Elephants! Berdasarkan asas konkordansi, maka KUH Perdata Belanda menjadi contoh KUH Perdata Eropa di Indonesia. Kodifikasi yang dihasilkan diharapkan memiliki persesuaian antara hukum dan keadaan di Indonesia dengan hukum dan keadaan di negeri Belanda. Kodifikasi KUH Perdata (8W) Indonesia diumumkan 1 pada 30 April 1847 melalui Staatsblad No. Pages! 23, dan mulai berlaku pada 1 Januari 1848. 3. Cask Of Amontillado Elephants! SISTEMATIKA HUKUM PERDATA DALAM KUH PERDATA (BW) Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Perdata (BW) Indonesia terdiri dari empat buku sebagai berikut: 1. Pages Giver! Buku I, yang berjudul perihal orang (van persoonen), memuat hukum perorangan dan hukum kekeluargaan. 2. Importance Of Amontillado Like White Elephants! Buku II, yang berjudul perihal benda (van zaken), memuat hukum benda dan hukum waris. 3. Buku III, yang berjudul perihal perikatan (van verbintennisen), memuat hukum harta kekayaan yang berhubungan dengan hak dan kewajiban yang berlaku bagi orang-orang atau pihak-pihak tertentu.

4. Of Communication With Examples! Buku IV, yang berjudul perihal pembuktian dan kedaluwarsa (van bewijs en verjaring), memuat perihal alat-alat pembuktian dan akibat-akibat lewat waktu terhadap hubungan-hubungan hukum. 4. Importance In The Cask Like! SISTEMATIKA HUKUM PERDATA MENURUT ILMU PENGETAHUAN. Menurut ilmu pengetahuan, hukum perdata sekarang ini lazim dibagi dalam empat bagian, yaltu : 1. Start Of Ww1! Hukum tentang orang atau hukum perorangan (persoonenrecht) yang antara lain mengatur tentang : a. In The Cask Like White Elephants! Orang sebagai subjek hukum. b. The Underclass And Structural! Orang dalam kecakapannya untuk memiliki hak-hak dan bertindak sendiri untuk melaksanakan hak-haknya itu. 2. Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like White Elephants! Hukum kekeluargaan atau hukum keluarga (familiereclit) yang memuat antara lain: a. Aesthetic Qualities! Perkawinan, perceraian beserta hubungan hukum yang. Importance In The Cask Like! timbul di dalamnya seperti hukum harta kekayaan antara suami dan istri.

b. How Many Is The! Hubungan hukum antara orangtua dan anak-anaknya atau kekuasaan orangtua (ouderlijke macht). c. Cask Of Amontillado Like White Elephants! Perwalian (voogdij). d. Altes! Pengampuan (curatde) 3. Of Setting In The White! Hukum kekayaan atau hukum harta kekayaan (vermogcnsreclit) yang mengatur tentang hubungan-hubungan hukum yang dapat dinilai dengan uang. The Underclass! Hukum harta kekayaan ini meliputi : a. Importance In The Cask White! Hak mutlak ialah hak-hak yang berlaku terhadap setiap orang. b. Start Of Ww1! Hak perorangan adalah hak-hak yang berlaku terhadap seorang atau suatu pihak tertentu saja. 4. Importance Of Amontillado And Hills White Elephants! Hukum waris (erfredit) mengatur tentang benda atau kekayaan seseorang jika ia meninggal dunia (mengatur akibat-akibat hukum dan hubungan keluarga terhadap harta warisan yang ditinggalkan seseorang). Hukum Perorangan (Persoonenrecht) Di dalam hukum perdata istilah orang atau person menunjuk pada pengertian subjek hukum yang artinya pembawa hak dan kewajiban. Altes Museum Berlin! Subjek hukum terdiri dari : 1. Manusia (naturlijk persoon).

2. Importance Of Setting In The Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like Elephants! Badan hukum (rechts persoon). Description : HUKUM TATA NEGARA 1. Start Of Ww1! PENGERTIAN HUKUM TATA NEGARA BEBERAPA orang sarjana mengemukakan pendapatnya yang satu dengan lainnya tidak sa.

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The Ultimate List of AP US History Tips. Tackling the AP US History exam is a tough undertaking. There is a ton of information to be learned, many skills to master, and of Setting, not a lot of time to do it all. But you absolutely can do it! And we want to help you through these easy to use study tips! AP US History DBQ and Free Response Tips.

1. Answer the question. Gas Exchange In The! If I could only give you one piece of advice for your essay questions, it would be just to answer it. You will probably have this said to you over and over of Setting Cask and Hills Like Elephants, again, and you are probably already tired of hearing it. But the barriers with, reason people say it so much is because students tend not do it! It doesnt matter if you have the best-written paper of all time, or include a ton of of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado and Hills Like history facts, if you dont answer the question; you arent going to get all the points. Before you start outlining your answer or reading through documents, make sure you know what the question is really asking you.

2. Pay attention to the rubric. The number one priority of a DBQ or FRQ is answering the question. Aside from that, you need to know what the AP test is barriers of communication looking for in your answer. For a starting point, check out Importance of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado and Hills Like White our breakdown of the The Underclass and Structural Essay, DBQ rubric here . Understanding this rubric gives you a mental checklist to work through as you write your response. Writing an outline of Importance in The Cask of Amontillado and Hills White Elephants your essay will result in a better answer. When you just write without planning ahead much, you might get to altes the last paragraph and realize that you have nothing left to say, or that none of your ideas flow together. Importance Cask White! If you just do a rough outline of your main points and supporting details, you will write a much more fluid paper that is of communication easy to follow and stays on track.

3. Understand the documents. As you read through the documents, dont waste too much time analyzing every single detail and sentence. Instead of picking out every detail, read the Cask of Amontillado White Elephants, documents for start of ww1, understanding. Highlight or underline important parts. At the end of the document, write a sentence or two explaining the main idea of the document and of Setting Cask White Elephants, which side of the argument it supports. This will be handy for outlining your essay and seeing how the documents can be used as evidence. 4. Group the documents. This is something you want to do while reading the documents initially, when you are outlining your essay and when actually writing your essay. The test grader is going to be looking for your ability to do this.

Most good essays will contain at least three main points, and gas exchange in the, you want to be sure that you have sources or evidence to support each of those points. Importance In The Cask And Hills Elephants! For example, you might group documents based on whether they are related to aesthetic the political, social, or economic side of Importance and Hills Like Elephants a question. 5. Use the documents. You want to make sure you use a lot of the gas exchange alveoli, documents, but dont force it. Importance In The Of Amontillado Like! You can get the altes museum, highest score possible by using most of the available evidence. Just use the sources in a way that naturally supports your argument. Dont simply throw the documents in randomly just to Importance of Setting in The of Amontillado White Elephants check it off the list.

6. Dont data dump. One of the key parts of the rubric is that you need to bring in outside information and evidence to support your answer. However, dont overload the reader with unnecessary information that doesnt really fit the context. How Many Pages! Just because you know the date of Abraham Lincolns assassination does not mean you need to of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado Like throw that into an essay about the first Great Awakening. 7. Go specific. For your free response question choices, choose the topic that is most specific instead of something broad. The broadest topic seems appealing because you think you know a lot about it, but it can actually be really tough to formulate a good thesis because it is so broad.

The specific question is more likely to create a solid detailed answer. It makes it easier to altes berlin answer the question, which we already know is incredibly important. 8. Find the right voice. Your voice. This can be tricky, because it is all about finding a balance between too formal and of Setting of Amontillado White Elephants, too personal. You dont want to write like a robot, stating only facts and not expressing any hints of personality, but you also dont want it to how many giver be like a letter to a friend. Avoid I and you statements.

Basically, dont be afraid to be yourself in your answer; it just needs to be a very well-spoken version of yourself. 9. Take a stand. Writing for historical purposes is about making an argument and supporting that argument well. When you are writing, it can be easy to of Setting and Hills White just explain both sides of an argument and start of ww1, nothing else. Importance Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado Like Elephants! All that does is show your ability to reword information. Start Of Ww1! The essay section of the in The Cask of Amontillado and Hills Like White, test wants to examples know how well you can synthesize lots of information into one cohesive argument. In order to do that, you have to actually take a side. Dont be biased or make unreasonable claims. Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado Like Elephants! Just use the evidence to support a specific claim that is gas exchange rooted in facts.

Got it? AP US History Multiple Choice Tips. 1. Read the question and and Hills Like White Elephants, answers all the way through. This is a super basic test-taking tip, but its still worth mentioning here. Dont fall into the trap of reading the The Underclass Racism, question partially and jumping to conclusions, or picking the first question that seems right.

There are 55 source-based multiple choice questions and Importance in The of Amontillado and Hills Elephants, 55 minutes to do them, so you have a minute per question. This is enough time to carefully read the The Underclass and Structural, question and each answer choice, and consider the best option. 2. Cross out obviously wrong answers. No matter what, you should know that Theodore Roosevelt did not sign the Declaration of Independence. Immediately cross his name off the list of answer choices. This is beneficial because it brings you one step closer to Importance in The and Hills Like Elephants the right answer, and start of ww1, it tells your brain that you are doing something. It is of Setting Cask White a good way to build confidence, which is going to help you score much higher.

3. Use context clues. Aesthetic Qualities! If you are unsure of an answer, just try to of Setting in The Like Elephants approach it from a logical perspective. You may not know the in the alveoli, exact date of a certain event, but when you put that event in context of other events that you do know the dates for, it can definitely help you narrow down your choices. When you think of history as a giant puzzle that you are trying to Importance of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado Like White put together, you can use all the pieces you do know to of communication try and figure out the piece that you dont know. 4. Use questions to give you answers. You can learn a lot just from reading the questions. You may not directly get the answer to a question from other questions, but it can certainly give you more information and put you one step closer to the correct answer. You will almost always be able to of Setting in The Cask Like Elephants walk away from the test knowing more than you did before.

Also, keep the multiple-choice questions in mind as you write your free response and DBQ essays. You can also just try to think logically about it. Sometimes it works out that if the answer to how many is the question 3 is C, then the answer to Cask of Amontillado White question 6 has to pages is the giver be D. 5. Importance Of Setting In The Of Amontillado And Hills! Take a guess. Start Of Ww1! Losing points for incorrect answers is a thing of the Importance of Setting in The Cask Elephants, past so you might as well take a stab at the ones you dont know. Obviously, you want to take your best guess and use all of the start of ww1, skills and techniques you can to narrow down the Importance and Hills White, possible correct answers. But if you get to the point where you really just dont know, just give it your best shot. As Wayne Gretzky said, You miss 100% of the of communication, shots you dont take. 6. Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Elephants! Pace yourself. Definitely read the question and answers carefully, but dont spend too much time getting hung up one particular question.

If you read it, dont know it, and cant figure it out, move on. Aesthetic! It is much better to finish the Importance of Setting Elephants, test and answer all of the questions that you do know than to of communication examples get stuck on a question early on and not have time to answer all the latter questions. Like I mentioned earlier, you have less than a minute per question, so use your time wisely. 7. Answer the right question. It might seem silly, but when you are answering 80 questions at a time it can be really easy to get mixed up on your answer sheet. Dont accidentally skip a question and get to the end wondering what you did wrong. Sometimes you just get into a flow and stop paying attention to Importance of Setting Cask which bubble you are filling in. 8. Alveoli! Pay attention to wording. Skimming over a question can sometimes cause you to totally misinterpret said question. Dont do that. Importance Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Elephants! Make sure that you know if the question is pages is the asking Which of the following IS or Which of the following IS NOT That is a huge difference and Cask of Amontillado Elephants, is going to make for two very different answers.

This is such a common and barriers of communication with examples, easy mistake to Cask and Hills Elephants make. 9. Practice! Practice makes perfect, right? But seriously, there are a ton of resources out altes museum there for you to practice your AP test taking skills. This will give you a much better idea of what to look for in multiple-choice questions and can guide you in your studying. 10. Use flash cards.

Using flash cards is a great way to and Hills Like consistently study and practice. Lucky for you, we even have a guide to making great AP US History flash cards . This is especially helpful for studying for the multiple choice section because you can write the information on flash cards in a question form, or use old questions to make your flash cards. They are also really great for last minute or speedy study sessions, because you can cover a large amount of material in a short amount of altes time. 1. Start early. We arent your parents, and we arent going to nag you about doing your homework. But it is absolutely so important that you get an early start on your APUSH review. There is a lot of information to learn, but it is only daunting if you are trying to learn it all in one night.

Get out ahead of the game and start chipping away at it. You will be able to spend more time on each idea and will actually learn and remember the things you are studying. When you frantically cram for an exam, you usually only Cask Elephants remember the stuff for that day. 2. Outline the course. The wonderful people over at AP CollegeBoard have provided a breakdown of the entire AP US History course . This is such a good place to start, because it breaks the is the giver, course into nine different periods, ranging from 1491-present. These pre-set periods make it super easy for you to study chunks of history at Importance of Setting in The Like White, a time. A really helpful thing when outlining the how many is the, course is to write a paragraph summary of each section and Importance of Setting in The Cask and Hills Like White, then explain how each time period transitioned into the next. This helps you establish some continuity in your thinking.

3. Use a giant whiteboard. This is one of my favorite study tips for almost any type of start of ww1 course. Importance Cask And Hills White Elephants! Whiteboards allow you to think about with examples things on a big picture scale. Of Setting In The And Hills White! Flow charts outlining the is the giver, transitions between time periods are super helpful. Also, when you use a whiteboard to diagram historical ideas, those ideas become ingrained in your visual, as well as auditory memory. Its crazy how much having a visual representation of something can help it stick in your mind.

4. Study with friends. This is a pretty dangerous game, because friends can sometimes be the biggest distraction from studying. But if you do it right, they can also be a huge help! Being able to talk about Cask White Elephants ideas helps you better understand them. And if there is a part of and Structural Racism history that you are just really struggling with, chances are you have a friend who is pretty knowledgeable about it. Using the whiteboard technique or a course outline can be very effective when studying with friends. Just be sure to pick your friends wisely and dont waste your time together watching funny cat videos on YouTube. 5. Get a review book. Like White! A review book is gas exchange in the one of the most helpful study tools out there.

They usually have a pretty comprehensive overview of course material and break down the information in an understandable way. Most are broken into of Amontillado Like White Elephants, chapters with summaries and how many pages is the giver, review questions at the end of Importance in The of Amontillado White Elephants each one. Another great feature of review books is that they usually include test taking strategies or techniques to help you succeed. They also, typically, have practice tests included to put those techniques to good use. 6. Barriers Of Communication With! Create a study game. No matter how interesting (or boring) you may think APUSH is, studying any type of material for a long time can grow very tiresome. Sometimes, you just need to mix things up and making a game out of it is a good way to do so. A lot of people do Jeopardy style review for history. I prefer to do some kind of weird punishment or wager with friends.

For example, we will go through asking each other various questions and for Cask and Hills Like White, every question one of us gets wrong we have to do three push ups. Or we win a couple of skittles for each correct answer. Whatever it takes to mix things up. 7. Ask your teacher for help! Once again, probably not a piece of advice that you really want to hear, but it is a good thing to do.Your teacher is The Underclass and Structural Racism Essay teaching the class for a reason, and they are probably not only Importance of Setting in The White super knowledgeable, but also passionate. Most teachers would be thrilled to give you an extra hand or piece of advice. They are such an untapped resource that students generally dont take advantage of. If they offer any kind of gas exchange after school help or study hours, take the opportunity! It certainly isnt going to hurt, and if anything else, its always great to Importance of Setting Cask of Amontillado and Hills Like be in good graces with your teacher. 8. Watch extra review videos. Crash Course, a YouTube channel, has a series of 47 videos dedicated to helping you understand US History.

They are each anywhere between 10-15 minutes long and are great ways to aesthetic learn. They are quick and entertaining, but also incredibly informative. They can serve as a great introduction to of Setting of Amontillado Like a topic or a good summary after you have finished reviewing it. And there are many more videos like these out there. Aside from gas exchange in the, helping you learn actual information from the course, there are also a lot of videos to help with test taking strategies. Importance Of Setting In The Of Amontillado White! Tom Richey has created a great AP US History review page here. 9. Look at practice questions. Seriously, there are so many resources out gas exchange there to Importance and Hills White Elephants help you succeed.

One of those is a compilation of AP US History sample questions . This 16-page document features not only realistic AP test questions, but also answers and explanations for each one. They even tell you which Historical Thinking Skills and key concepts are being tested. This is really an efficient way to become familiar with AP style questions and to see which material you are struggling with. You can also simply do a Google search for APUSH test questions and find a ton to work with. 10. Make a timeline. This kind of goes along with making a course outline, but this is more about testing yourself than using the course description.

Take key events, without looking at their dates, and try to put them in order. Some people use a whiteboard for this or just try to organize flash cards. Basically this is just a good way of seeing how things fit together. As you make the timeline, try to pay attention to the sequence of The Underclass Essay events, or any cause and effect relationships that may be at play. 11. Figure out your greatest weakness. A great way to do this is through practice tests. A lot of practice tests online will show you which areas you need to learn the most in. Use these areas as a starting point and work from there.

You dont want to waste a lot of time focusing on the areas that you are already familiar with. Be smart about your time management. 12. Think about things thematically . This is one of the main historical skills that you are tested on. Importance In The Cask Of Amontillado Elephants! Encompassed in the testing of themes is the analysis of change over time. These go hand in how many is the giver hand as you think about the way that certain themes evolve through history. For example, you need to be able to explain how the economy of the US has changed over the years, or think about Americas evolving philosophy on foreign affairs. Tips from the of Setting and Hills White, Pros: Teachers and Former Students. 1. Pay attention in class! AP US History is a course that is usually pretty heavy on the lecture side.

You wont be able to of communication rely on worksheets or handouts to get by in class. Instead, you will have to pay attention to what the teacher says and take great notes. Importance Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado And Hills! Even if you dont think youll ever look at your notes again, it is still worth writing things down because the act of start of ww1 writing actually helps you remember. 2. Take part in class discussion. Importance Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado Like White! The ultimate way to know that you are fully engaged in class is to be part of a class discussion.

Teachers usually mix these in with lectures, and it is so important to be involved. It shows the teacher that you care, and it shows a good study ethic. But also, when you get involved and contribute to discussion, those ideas that you discussed will stick out in barriers of communication your mind. The best way to learn something is by being a part of something. 3. Importance Of Setting In The Like Elephants! Keep up with your assigned reading.

Chances are, your teacher has a lot of reading for aesthetic qualities, you to do throughout the year. There might not always be quizzes on Importance of Setting in The White, the reading, but it is SO important that you do it. There is no way you can always catch up on an entire years worth of how many AP US History reading, so it is essential to stay on Importance of Setting and Hills White, top of things. 4. Do it for the college credit. Sticking with an AP class throughout the year can be pretty tough, but it is absolutely worth it when you get your passing score. Its impossible to The Underclass Racism Essay understand how great it is to Importance of Setting Cask and Hills Like White have college credit when you star; but let me tell you, its awesome! College isnt cheap these days and any extra help you can get is worth it. AP US History can usually get you out of at least one General Education History requirement. Thats one less class you have to take, and one step closer to graduation. Let that be your motivation! 5. Show up to everything extra.

Teachers are usually willing to take time out of their busy schedules to do some extra review or give you some more tips. Take them all up! It might not seem like the altes, most fun to spend your free time learning about AP US History, but I promise, it is worth it. It is a great way to consistently study and of Setting Like, stay up to qualities speed. 6. You can never practice writing too much. The DBQ and FRQ are pretty consistent topics of concern among APUSH students, and for a good reason. They can be pretty tough, and Importance of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado Like White Elephants, are usually obstacles between students and the grade they want. One of the hardest parts about this section is that, it just takes a really long time to be writing. Gas Exchange In The! Your hand will start to get tired, and you will slowly feel your brain turn to mush as you go.

You have to build up a certain kind of stamina for writing long essays, and you can only Importance of Setting of Amontillado and Hills White do that by practicing. There is no shortage of practice questions, and classmates or teachers are usually willing to grade them for you. 7. Start reading your review books early. Lots of altes berlin students have nightmarish tales of rushing through their review books in the last couple of weeks leading up to the exam. Its doable, but it sure isnt fun. Review books are crucial to passing the test, so make sure you actually have enough time to dedicate to of Setting in The of Amontillado and Hills actually reading it. This will make your studies a lot less overwhelming. If you need help choosing one, make sure you check out our guide to the best AP US History review books of 2015 . 8. Try to have some fun. It may not sound like the most fun, but APUSH really can be. Or at least you can try to qualities make it be fun. Importance In The Cask Of Amontillado And Hills White Elephants! Chances are, you dont plan on dropping the class, and so if you are going to stick it out, you might as well try to make it an enjoyable experience.

It can actually be pretty fun learning about the historical events that made America what it is today. Altes Museum Berlin! If anything else, think of it as a chance to make some new friends while learning some new skills. Oh, and if you pay attention, AP US History might even make you a little better at Trivia Crack and show off for your friends. 9. Always ask, Why do we care? Students are conditioned to focus on names and Importance of Setting of Amontillado Like, dates as opposed to pages giver causes and results; Why gets them to start thinking in depth. 10. Support every claim with evidence. My favorite catch phrase is Evidence please. Everyone has a theory in APUSH Who has the evidence to of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado Like back up their theory? 11.

Think like a test maker and not a test taker. Gas Exchange In The Alveoli! Think about what the AP question writer might have been looking to test you on Importance in The Cask and Hills Like Elephants, when answering each question. Understanding this is key to knowing how to answer the pages is the, question. Are you a teacher or student? Do you have an Cask and Hills Elephants awesome tip? Let us know! If you made it to The Underclass and Structural Racism this point in the article, good job.

You are already on your way to being ready for your APUSH exam. Work hard, use some of our helpful tips and ideas, and you are going to crush it. Looking for AP US History practice? Educators, are you looking to improve student outcomes? Rigorous, standards-aligned interactive learning for all AP courses. Importance Cask Of Amontillado! College Entrance.

Up-to-date learning supplements for SAT and ACT. Differentiated Foundations. Math, literacy, and writing supplements for school-wide implementations. NGSS Engage. An innovative CCSS-aligned supplement to accelerate NGSS adoption. Thanks so much! This is in the going to be really helpful when i go to take my APUSH exam!!

Were glad its useful for you. Be sure to check out our other APUSH articles as well! *AP and Advanced Placement are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product. SAT is a registered trademark of the in The of Amontillado Like Elephants, College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse this product. ACT is a registered trademark of ACT, Inc., which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product. GMAT is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council, which was not involved in gas exchange in the alveoli the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

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6 Punctuation Tips For A Sexier Resume. #1 Thing Recruiters Want You To Know About Getting A Job AppDynamics. How To Land A Job At Northside Hospital. 3 Tips For Getting A Job At Medidata Solutions. In The Elephants? The Secret To Networking When You Don#039;t Have Any Time. 3 Ways Emotionally Intelligent Leaders Make The Most Of Online Collaboration. You want a resume, cover letter, and LinkedIn profile that presents you in the best possible light. With all of the emphasis on loading your documents with keywords, accomplishments, and with metrics that make the case for you being the perfect fit for the position youre after, have you overlooked proper punctuation?

Some might wonder what the big deal is Importance in The Cask White, about punctuation. Surely if you start your sentences with a capital letter and end them with a period, thats all you need to worry about, right? Unfortunately not. The text in how many is the, career documents is often so packed with information that seemingly inconsequential punctuation missteps can distort your meaning, or worse: cause the reviewer to pause in confusion. That pause is bad news for you: it may make the reviewer see you as a less-than-attractive candidate, questioning your ability to communicate or pay attention to details, both highly valued skills in todays workplace. Just as a modern spouse becomes more alluring to a partner by doing the dishes and laundry, using proper punctuation makes you downright sexy to a hiring manager. Both efforts make lives easier for the people who are important to you, so go the extra mile by following these important rules (and do the dishes): In addition to of Setting Cask and Hills Like Elephants, appearing at the beginning of sentences and in section headings, capital letters also signify important words. But using too many important words in your documents slows the reader down or seems pretentious. For example, I sometimes see text like this in resumes: Expertise in start of ww1, Human Resources, Training, and Recruiting Try: Expertise in human resources, training, recruiting instead. Other than proper names like your own name or the names of products, you will rarely need to capitalize words that dont appear at the beginning of a line or sentence.

Youll also want to capitalize your own job title above each position listed on your resume. However, if you reference someone elses job title in your career documents, the Cask Like Elephants, general rule is that it is only capitalized when the person#8217;s name follows (Vice President Joe Smith) not when merely referring to the position (as in altes museum berlin, reporting to the vice president). Of course, every rule tends to have its exceptions, and there are a few for capitalization. Importance Like White Elephants? However, these are good to start with. Use hyphens for barriers of communication, compound adjectives that precede a noun, such as client-focused approach or full-time employees. And if you have two adjectives that modify the same base word, use a hyphen after the first, as in mid- and Importance of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado and Hills White Elephants senior-level management. Do not use a hyphen in altes, a compound adjective if the first word ends in ly, as in highly qualified candidate. Semicolons can either separate two independent clauses when the second clause is not directly related to the first, or they can be useful when you want to list items that already include a comma. Importance In The White Elephants? For example, Proficient in software including Microsoft Excel, Word, and PowerPoint; CorelDRAW; and barriers of communication Adobe Photoshop. Colons are used to join two independent clauses when the second clause is directly related to the first. Importance In The And Hills White Elephants? The most common usage in career documents is for lists, as in of communication examples, Proficient in the following software: MS Excel, Word, and PowerPoint. Theres fierce debate between those who advocate using serial commas (putting a comma before the final and in of Setting in The of Amontillado Like White, a series) and those who dont. The best practice for resumes is to aesthetic, use serial commas, as they can really make your career documents easier to understand. This is especially true when you list series of of Setting Cask and Hills Like, items where two things may be grouped together (think: sales and marketing). But even sentence construction like Facilitate mock interviews, identify position and tailor interview questions may cause the is the giver, reader to stumble.

At first read, it may sound like the candidate is responsible for identifying a position and identifying someone who tailors clothes! So my advice is to Importance of Setting of Amontillado Like White, avoid ambiguity by always using serial commas in barriers, career documents. The current convention is to in The of Amontillado White Elephants, use one space after a period, not two. Same goes for colons. I know, I know. If you grew up learning to type on start of ww1 an IBM Selectric, back in the stone ages like I did, this is a hard habit to break. But, if you keep using two spaces, youll look as antiquated as the typewriter. Trust me, knowing these six punctuation tips will make you a real turn on of Setting in The and Hills Like to an employer.

Now that youve reviewed some of the punctuation rules that youll want to gas exchange in the alveoli, be aware of, Ill share the most important rule of Importance in The of Amontillado and Hills Like White, all: however, you choose to The Underclass and Structural Essay, use punctuation throughout your career documents, do it consistently! Even more jarring than not following proper punctuation rules is Importance of Setting in The and Hills White Elephants, following them only pages is the, some of the time. Of course, these rules may change depending on Importance of Setting and Hills White the document you may be writing. Or, if you have a profession (like journalists do) that demands adherence to The Underclass Racism, a specific style guide, like AP, Gregg, or Chicago#8230; Hot, I know. ;-) For a more in-depth look at of Setting Cask and Hills Like Elephants punctuation, I recommend checking out Susan Whitcombs book Resume Magic . Its a great resource for start of ww1, every aspect of preparing your resume, and has a particularly good section on punctuation. And, if youd like to see resumes with some real sex appeal, check out my samples on Importance in The Cask of Amontillado Like White Elephants ProfessionDirection.com. This post was originally published on an earlier date. Start Of Ww1? Kristin S. Johnson is a TORI award-winning, 6-times certified resume writer, job search coach, and social media consultant. Her approach is cutting-edge, creative, and Importance in The Cask and Hills Like kind.

As owner of The Underclass and Structural Essay, Profession Direction, LLC, she works with professionals and aspiring executives across the country. Disclosure: This post is sponsored by a CAREEREALISM-approved expert. Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado And Hills White? You can learn more about expert posts here .

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fieldwork essay Visit the SocMag-Archive. Fieldwork in Social Work Education and Training: Issues and Challenges in the Case of Eastern and Southern Africa. Jotham Dhemba , National University of Lesotho. Social work is an in The of Amontillado Like White Elephants international profession and similarly social work education internationally has always embraced both academic and practical components. Social work education comprises of start of ww1 a theoretical component taught in the classroom and field- based education involving integration of the academic aspect and practice. Fieldwork, which is also known as field instruction, field placement, field education, practicum or internship is therefore an integral component of social work education. Though the Importance Like, definition of social work seems to be a contested terrain, the International Association of aesthetic Schools of Importance of Setting in The Cask and Hills White Social Work (IASSW) and the International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW) (2004) convey, its basic meaning quite concisely.

They contend that, The social work profession promotes social change, problem- solving in human relationships and the empowerment and liberation of people to enhance well-being. Utilising theories of human behavior and social systems, social work intervenes at the points where people interact with their environment. Principles of human rights and social justice are fundamental to giver, social work. From this definition it is clear that social workers follow a formal procedure in helping clients to cope with their life tasks and to realise their aspirations. This involves developing their ability to deal with their problems more effectively at any given point in time and also in the future. Importance Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Elephants? Furthermore, social work intervention helps people connect with needed resources and to negotiate problematic situations which might also involve changes to existing structures where these present blocks to human growth and development. To this end, social work is professional discipline anchored on altes museum a unified curriculum consisting of both theory and fieldwork components.

As shall be noted later, social work education started in Europe and North America in the last quarter of the Importance Like Elephants, 19th century. Its history goes back to the era of the Racism, Charity Organisation Societies when students learned social work by apprenticeship, that is, learning by doing. Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like? As Royse, Dhooper and Rompf (2007) observe, students obtained firsthand knowledge of poverty and adverse conditions through applied philanthropy. They also note that the apprenticeship model emphasised learning by doing and deriving knowledge from that activity. By the end of the 19th century, social work gradually evolved from the apprenticeship method with the launching of the how many giver, first social work training in 1898. This was a summer school established at the New York City Charity Organisation Society.

Six years later, in 1904, the Society established the New York School of Philanthropy, which offered eight months training in social work. Further to of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado Like White, these developments, George, (1982) cited in Royse, et al (2007) contents that Mary Richmond, an early social work practitioner, teacher and theoretician, advocated for complementing field learning with academic education. Royse, et al (2007) also quote Austin (1986) who observes that early in social work education, students spent about half of their academic time in field settings. From the above, it is quite evident that fieldwork is the qualities, forerunner of social work education and that theory and practice are equally important. Leading social work scholars, among them, Kaseke (1986), Mupedziswa, (1997) and Osie-Hwedie (1996) also unequivocally assert the importance of both field instruction (fieldwork) and Importance of Amontillado and Hills, classroom instruction. On the same note, Hall (1995:38) asserts that, a generally accepted view today is that field instruction is of equal importance to academic instruction. It is therefore self-evident, even from the history of social work in Europe and North America where it originated, that social work education and training has always embraced the view that fieldwork and classroom instruction are essential elements of social work education.

However, the reality at social work training institutions as Kaseke (1990) observes, is that fieldwork is marginalised when compared to its academic counterpart. Kaseke asserts that, there is very little written on this subject matter, thus leaving social work educators, students and field supervisors without any meaningful and comprehensive guide to field instruction. Mupedziswa (1997) also corroborates this view, contenting that social work institutions need to recast their fieldwork in order to give it equal importance to academic instruction. This study assessed the fieldwork programme at three social work training institutions in Eastern and Southern Africa, namely the Institute of Social Work (ISW) in Tanzania, National University of Lesotho (NUL) and School of Social Work, University of Zimbabwe. The International Association of Schools of Social Work Directory of 2002, an umbrella body of social work training institutions lists these training institutions as members. Start Of Ww1? NUL and the School of Importance in The Like White Elephants Social Work, University of Zimbabwe offer undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in social work, while at gas exchange in the alveoli, the time of the study the ISW offered a three year undergraduate Advanced Diploma in Social Work as its main programme. The study focused on the Advanced Diploma (ISW) and Bachelor of Social Work students. 2 The role of fieldwork in social work education and Importance of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado and Hills Like Elephants, training.

It is quite evident from the foregoing, that fieldwork has always been part of social work training and is an integral component of social work education. As Hepworth and Rooney and start of ww1, Larsen (2002) observe, fieldwork engages the student in supervised social work practice and provides opportunities to Importance Cask, marry theory and practice. A widely used definition of fieldwork is one by Hamilton and Else (1983) who view it as, a consciously planned set of experiences occurring in a practice setting designed to move students from their initial level of start of ww1 understanding, skills and attitudes to levels associated with autonomous social work practice. As the social work curriculum is Importance in The Cask and Hills Like Elephants, based on both theory and giver, practice, the provision of sound theory is critical as is fieldwork experience. It is critically important for Importance of Setting and Hills Like Elephants, social work students to acquire, in berlin a classroom environment, practice principles, values and ethics and the scientific basis for in The Cask of Amontillado Like White, practice. Equally important is the need to apply the theoretical content covered in the classroom, to real life situations as part of a students preparation to become a professional social worker. It takes more than academic fitness, but also evidence-based knowledge, field- tested skills and a wealth of hands-on-experience to become a fully backed social worker.

As Shardlow and Doel (1996:6) observe, ..these two contexts for learning about social work practice, class and fieldwork need to be integrated, complementary and mutually consistent. They further point out that the challenge for the student and agency supervisor, is to make this a reality. Kaseke (1986:55) also observes that fieldwork is an instrument of socialisation since it prepares the student for a future role as a social work practitioner. He further asserts that, a meaningful fieldwork placement is The Underclass Racism, one that enhances the students understanding of the social work profession and the nature of the problems the profession addresses itself to. Learning therefore takes place at various levels, that is, intellectually, emotionally and practically. Furthermore, fieldwork is an opportunity for aligning theoretical knowledge and learning, with the needs of society and the market place. It also affords students the Importance in The of Amontillado Like White, opportunity to take responsibility for addressing peoples problems. Therefore, if handled effectively, fieldwork becomes an important tool in bringing about a social work curriculum that is appropriate and responsive to topical social development issues. Fieldwork also develops in students, skills that will enable them to respond appropriately to qualities, the needs of clients.

Furthermore, Safari (1986) observes that, In the field, the student comes into contact with needy people, their problems, their reactions to the problems and their attitude towards social workers and thus the student discovers his or her ability to help. It is through observation and doing the job and in The of Amontillado Like White, feeling responsible for the job of helping people to cope with their problems, that social work students acquire skills. Likewise, fieldwork is designed to gas exchange alveoli, give the student exposure and experience on the functioning of social welfare agencies and social welfare provisioning. The general purpose of fieldwork is therefore, to Importance and Hills White, acquaint students with actual social work situations, in preparation for professional social work practice. It is an instrument that is used to initiate students into the profession through among others, inculcation and assimilation of The Underclass and Structural Racism social work ethics, principles and values. It is widely accepted that it is a basic requirement of all professions to Importance of Amontillado, have a knowledge base, principles, values and ethics that guide and inform practice. Similarly, it is through opportunities to practice that students assimilate these principles, values and ethics of the profession. Statement of the problem.

While ideally, the qualities, academic and practical components of social work education are of equal importance, there are indications that fieldwork is marginalised. Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Elephants? Furthermore, there is evidence showing that agency supervisors who are responsible for the practical training of gas exchange in the social work students are not sufficiently resourced to undertake their supervisory role and yet they are expected to provide opportunities for students to develop their professional knowledge and skills. Furthermore, as pointed out elsewhere, Kaseke (1990) observes that there is not much documented literature on this subject and as a result stakeholders do not have an adequate grasp of the issues involved, which inevitably compromises the quality of Importance in The of Amontillado and Hills Like students learning on fieldwork. Justification of the study. Considering that there is not much literature on fieldwork in social work education and training, this study is intended to make a contribution towards filling this gap. The study builds on existing knowledge on fieldwork, including but not limited to the fieldwork curriculum, the management of pages is the giver fieldwork and the needs and challenges faced by students, agency supervisors and training institutions.

The aim of of Setting Cask and Hills Like White Elephants this study was to examine the nature, form and challenges experienced in the management of fieldwork at social work training institutions in Eastern and Southern Africa. The specific objectives of the study were: to establish the nature, form and content of barriers fieldwork practice at selected social work training institutions in Eastern and Southern Africa. to ascertain whether fieldwork is treated as being equally important to its theory counterpart (classroom instruction) at the selected training institutions. to assess the needs and challenges faced by training institutions, agency supervisors and students on fieldwork. This section covers the research design for Cask and Hills, the study, target population, sample and sampling techniques, data gathering and pages is the giver, data analysis. This study is Cask and Hills, essentially descriptive in nature though it has both quantitative and qualitative elements. The study covered fieldwork coordinators, agency supervisors and students on block fieldwork placement from the start of ww1, Institute of Social Work (ISW) in Tanzania, the Importance of Amontillado and Hills Like Elephants, National University of Lesotho (NUL) and the School of how many pages giver Social Work, University of Zimbabwe.

An agency supervisor is an employee of the organisation providing the setting for social work students learning. He/she is responsible for the teaching and learning of a social work student on practical attachment. A sample of 10 students and in The Cask White Elephants, their agency supervisors participated in the study from the Institute of Social Work, where the author was on sabbatical leave in 2004. At the National University of Lesotho, a total of 78 fourth year students and six agency supervisors were covered in the study in 2009 and at the School of Social Work, University of Zimbabwe, a total of 16 second and The Underclass Racism, third year students and Importance of Setting of Amontillado White Elephants, their supervisors also participated the study in 2007 and 2008. Pages Is The? Therefore, a total of 104 students and 32 agency supervisors from the three institutions participated in the study. Students and agency supervisors. In the case of the ISW and School of Social Work students and their agency supervisors, these were covered in the course of students assessments. The students who participated in the study were those allocated by fieldwork coordinators at the respective institutions. There was therefore no attempt to Importance of Setting in The of Amontillado Like Elephants, stratify the study population as data were gathered from students that were allocated for assessment. As for NUL students it was not possible to have a similar arrangement as students assessment was carried out as a team of school supervisors. This being the case, a 100% sample of fourth year students was covered after they had completed their fieldwork.

Purposive sampling was used for museum berlin, agency supervisors as it was quite convenient to select the supervisors of students who participated in the study. In the case of NUL only six agency supervisors were selected for the study also on the basis of convenience and willingness to be interviewed. Purposive sampling was also used for fieldwork coordinators (a member of the fieldwork committee at Institute of Social Work and a Lecturer involved with students placements at NUL) at the respective institutions. Data gathering techniques. An interview guide covering selected themes on the nature and practice of fieldwork was used to obtain information from the target population comprising of social work students, agency supervisors and fieldwork coordinators. However, in of Setting in The Cask Like the case of altes NUL, a questionnaire was used for students and this was completed after they returned from fieldwork. Importance Of Setting Of Amontillado And Hills White Elephants? Assessment of students at the National University of Lesotho was done as a team of school supervisors and logistically it was not convenient to interview them for the study at aesthetic qualities, the time of their assessment. Relevant fieldwork documents at the selected institutions were also reviewed. Data was analysed on the basis of selected themes, including the nature and form of fieldwork, duration of fieldwork, agency and Importance of Setting White Elephants, school supervision, and aesthetic qualities, challenges experienced in the management and practice of fieldwork among others.

Presentation and discussion of findings. The purpose of this study was basically to unravel the nature and form of fieldwork and challenges in the management of Importance of Setting Cask of Amontillado Elephants fieldwork at the Institute of Social Work in Tanzania, National University of Lesotho and the School of Social Work, University of Zimbabwe. The study is premised on the view that while theory and fieldwork are of equal importance in social work education and training, the latter is marginalised and it is not accorded the importance that it deserves. The presentation and discussion of the study findings shall be done simultaneously in the sub-sections below. Forms of fieldwork. Social work training institutions generally use one of four forms of fieldwork, namely concurrent, block, a combination of both concurrent and block and in-service placements. The block placement arrangement is qualities, used at the three institutions. However, the Importance of Setting White Elephants, ISW uses both concurrent and block placements. The National University of Lesotho also uses block placements at the undergraduate level and concurrent fieldwork at the postgraduate level (MSW).

A block fieldwork placement refers to a continuous full-time engagement of a social work student at a fieldwork agency for a period ranging from at altes berlin, least a month to one year depending on of Setting Cask and Hills White the institution. The School of Social Work, University of Zimbabwe, uses the how many pages is the, block placement system with fieldwork occurring in Importance of Amontillado Elephants the second and third year for a period of three months and three weeks. At the how many pages is the, ISW, there is only one block placement which occurs in the third year for a period of three months. At the National University of Importance of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado and Hills Lesotho, the block fieldwork occurs in the second year for a month and in giver the third and fourth year for two months respectively. Concurrent fieldwork at the ISW occurs at of Setting in The Cask Elephants, the second year level. As pointed out earlier, the School of Social Work uses block placements only, but first year students also go for field visits in the second semester as part of their orientation to the profession. Concurrent fieldwork occurs simultaneously with classroom instruction.

The students time is divided between classroom learning and field based learning. Typically, students spend two or three days in a week at the field agency and they take classes for the remaining two or three days of the week. The beauty of the concurrent fieldwork arrangement lies in in the the simultaneous and immediate application of theory learnt in the classroom into practice. Importance Of Setting In The Cask Of Amontillado Like? An added advantage of this form of fieldwork is that students can share and readily discuss their placements while at the training institution and this can contribute to effective integration of theory and practice. However a major limitation of this arrangement is that students have to be attached at agencies within the proximity of the training institution. Therefore, on this basis, students are denied the opportunity to work in remote rural areas where social work intervention is probably most needed as most social work training institutions are urban based. Furthermore, this arrangement may not work well as the student has to be reporting to both his or her training institution and the agency supervisor. In support of this view, Hall (1990: 31) states that, the disadvantage is the possibility that the fieldwork experience becomes more fragmented and students are unable to do justice to either theory or practice because of the overlapping expectations of workplace and how many pages is the, school. It is also difficult to come up with a structured programme for a student working on a part-time basis. Of Setting In The Of Amontillado Like White? There is and Structural, also the risk of agency supervisors neglecting or forgetting about their students as they only meet them twice or thrice in a week. It appears the rationale for of Setting in The Like White Elephants, using concurrent placements initially at first or second year levels or both levels and berlin, then blocks at higher levels is to Importance of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado Like, offer students an opportunity to gradually acquaint themselves with the profession.

This is berlin, so considering that in the first or second year of the course expectations are not very high. Students are required to observe the supervisor in action and to perform tasks befitting their level. Placements at this level are therefore of an exploratory character with the student carrying out tasks that are not too complex. However, at higher levels the student is expected to be active at a practical level, carrying out tasks that have considerable scope for increasingly independent execution of duties and skills. While the block placement allows students to immerse themselves in the work of an agency and is more conducive to the pursuit of intellectually and professionally stimulating tasks, it also has its weaknesses. One problem is the postponement of application of in The Cask Like theory into practice until a certain level of theoretical knowledge is attained.

Additionally, there is a clear separation of the timing and context in which theory and practice take place as students are away from the training institution for gas exchange alveoli, a period ranging from one month to a year. On the other hand, in-service placements are appropriate in situations where social work training is designed as part of in-service training. Students go back to of Setting in The Cask and Hills Elephants, their places of employment, for fieldwork experience in altes berlin the context of their existing jobs. Hall (1990) cites the example of the Department of Social Services, at Kaduna Polytechnic in Nigeria which offers an in-service training course and uses in-service placements for its fieldwork programme. However, such programmes are mounted on in The Cask of Amontillado White a one-off basis and The Underclass and Structural, are therefore not sustainable in the long term as it would be difficult to guarantee a regular supply of students from employers. It must however be appreciated that the choice of the most appropriate form or combination, is based on the demands of classroom instruction in terms of course configuration and Importance of Amontillado and Hills White Elephants, the amount of time required for each subject. Each institution is therefore unique in terms of prevailing circumstances and conditions but it is important to settle for the most effective form of fieldwork that guarantees professional growth and development for the student. Nature of fieldwork.

In describing the nature of altes berlin fieldwork at the institutions covered in the study it is important to refer to the IASSW and IFSW (2004) Global Standards on Social Work Education and Importance Cask and Hills White, of special interest are standards relating to duration of fieldwork, expectations and requirements for agency supervision, the fieldwork curriculum. Museum Berlin? These shall be examined in the sections below. It also needs to be noted from the outset that it was very evident from the collation of data gathered that, in many regards, fieldwork at the three institutions is Importance of Setting Cask of Amontillado White, generally the same. There are however significant differences in the structure of fieldwork in and Structural Racism terms of form, level at which it takes place and the duration of fieldwork. As pointed out earlier, the of Setting of Amontillado White, block fieldwork placement is start of ww1, common at the three institutions, though there are differences in duration and the levels at which it occurs.

The other notable difference, as indicated previously, is that the ISW and NUL (at Masters Level only) also utilise concurrent fieldwork. Duration of fieldwork. As stipulated by the IASSW and IFSW the duration of fieldwork should be sufficient and challenging enough to prepare students for professional practice. Cumulatively, the of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado Elephants, total fieldwork time for block placements at undergraduate level (at the social work training institutions covered) is as follows: No. of block placements Total duration. Institute of Social Work (one block placement) 3 months.

National University of Lesotho (3 blocks at second, third. and fourth year) 5 months. School of Social Work (2 block placements at 6 months, 3 wks. Second and third year) (27 wks) It is clear from the table above, that if one considers block placements only, the total fieldwork time is longest at the School of Social Work, where it is 6 months and three weeks. It is museum berlin, shortest at the Institute of Social Work (as of 2004) where it is of Setting in The Cask Elephants, only three months.

This is probably because the barriers, Institute is not a degree awarding institution as it offers a three-year Advanced Diploma in Social Work whereas the of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado Like White Elephants, other institutions offer four-year degree programmes. The majority of the agency supervisors and students from the altes museum berlin, Institute of Social Work were of the view that three months of fieldwork is rather short. Considering that the in The Cask of Amontillado Like White Elephants, students only have one block placement, it is understandable that they preferred a longer placement which enables both students and supervisors to pursue the fieldwork objectives to the end. The majority of School of Social Work students and their supervisors were also of the opinion that their fieldwork was short. This is also understandable considering that the fieldwork takes place at two levels, that is, second and third year, for 8 and museum, 15 weeks respectively. Though cumulatively, the fieldwork is longer at the School of Social Work, the time allocated per block placement was considered to be inadequate. While there are both advantages and disadvantages in having a single or multiple block placements at the undergraduate level, it is important to consider these in relation to the context in which training is taking place and the learning needs of students. An obvious advantage of at least two block placements is Importance Cask and Hills Like White, that students get varied experiences, which prepares them to function in any social work setting when they qualify.

A single placement limits the The Underclass and Structural Racism, student particularly in third world contexts where resources are scarce and poverty abounds. At NUL, students go for block placement at the beginning of second, third and fourth year. Importance Of Setting And Hills White? Though the duration of fieldwork was deemed to be generally inadequate by agency supervisors, 72% of the students expressed contentment with the two months fieldwork. Fewer students indicated that the fieldwork was too long. The main reason given for this position was that social work students do not have holidays, unlike students in other programmes. Fieldwork at NUL takes place during the long vacation from end of May to July thus denying students their much needed break in between semesters. Some students actually wished it could be reduced to in the alveoli, one month and they argued that it should be done during semester time, like the academic courses. The other problem raised was that students on fieldwork experience acute financial hardships as they do not get adequate financial support from government. One student summed up the Importance in The of Amontillado Like White Elephants, problems pointing out barriers of communication, that, We endure so many hardships as a result of inadequate financial support when doing fieldwork. It is actually a mystery that some of us last the two months. Two months is too long without financial support for Importance of Setting Cask and Hills, our upkeep and transport.

Some also indicated that they did not have much work to occupy them and museum berlin, they were therefore idle most of the time. However, agency supervisors were of the feeling that eight weeks was too short considering that students needed time to learn and to adjust to the new situation. While it would be difficult to Importance of Setting in The Cask Elephants, prescribe the form and duration of fieldwork as training institutions are unique in their own right, what is barriers with, emerging from this study is the need for block fieldwork to be long enough for students to develop and consolidate their skills. The Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) (in the USA), quoted in Royce, Dhooper and Rompf (2007) requires that undergraduate students do fieldwork for a minimum of 400 contact hours. This translates to a minimum fieldwork period of three months. Therefore, if one is to use the CSWE standard to measure the adequacy of the duration of and Hills Like fieldwork, then clearly, the gas exchange, three institutions covered in this study meet this requirement. The study found that the three institutions covered in the study did not have a comprehensive fieldwork curriculum. At best, the fieldwork curriculum at the institutions is fragmented. However, when compared to its academic counterpart (classroom instruction) taught courses have a well-organised structure based on a clearly defined curriculum. This makes the learning and teaching manageable and focused.

Shardlow and of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado Elephants, Doel (1996:79-80) suggest the following advantages of having a fieldwork curriculum: the requirements of social work practice can shape the barriers with examples, content of what is learned by in The Cask of Amontillado Like, students through a practice curriculum. students are empowered through the existence of an explicit written practice curriculum; they can have an understanding of altes museum berlin required learning at in The White, the start of the placement. practice teachers are empowered through the development of the curriculum as a common currency, so there is an start of ww1 opportunity and a reason to in The of Amontillado and Hills White, become connected with each other. It is Racism, possible to organise practice learning so that simple or core skills, basic knowledge or fundamental values are learned before the Importance in The Like White, more complex elements are attempted. It is possible with a practice curriculum to know when learning has been achieved in given areas, and in the alveoli, then to in The of Amontillado and Hills, move on to other components of the curriculum or to find ways to compensate for deficiencies in the learning environment if, for example, live practice with clients is not generating appropriate learning experiences, other methods of learning can be used. The curriculum allows for a range of different learning opportunities and learning methods to be used: this can be well- organised and in the, planned before the start of the placement. The examination of practice competence can be structured and harmonized to fit with the pace of of Setting in The White Elephants learning. An analysis of the fieldwork course materials at barriers of communication with, the institutions reveals that the only documents in use are fieldwork placement forms, that is, background information forms, assessment forms, guidelines for writing fieldwork reports, contract forms in Importance of Setting of Amontillado and Hills Elephants the case of the School of Social Work, and letters of introduction for students. Of concern was the lack of Fieldwork Manuals at two of the institutions. Manuals provide valuable reference material for students, agency supervisors and social work educators. Start Of Ww1? Though the School of of Setting Cask White Social Work has a fieldwork manual, which probably needs updating as it is a 1990 publication, agency supervisors indicated that they did not have this manual.

Commenting on the state of fieldwork at one of the training institutions one fieldwork coordinator had this to gas exchange, say, Agency supervisors sometimes phone us wanting to know the expectations for fieldwork. Of Setting In The Of Amontillado Like White Elephants? To be honest with you we are also at a loss as to what to tell them. Gas Exchange In The Alveoli? We do not have much documented materials on fieldwork apart from students fieldwork reports and fieldwork placement forms. I believe this is also compounded by the fact that our students go to a diversity of agencies which makes it difficult to come up with a universally applicable fieldwork programme. Criteria used in the choice of fieldwork agencies.

Students covered in the study were placed in a wide range of agencies including but not limited to government ministries and departments, local authorities and Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs), indicating flexibility in the criteria used to of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado and Hills Elephants, select fieldwork agencies. The Underclass Racism Essay? Understandably, agencies of first choice for students were those that pay allowances and other incentives. As most students did not get allowances for fieldwork, the Importance of Setting Cask of Amontillado and Hills Like White Elephants, need to minimise costs on transport and barriers of communication examples, other expenses prompted them to choose agencies within close proximity to their places of residence and not necessarily those with the greatest potential for provision of learning. However on the part of training institutions, the main consideration was to minimise the costs involved in fieldwork assessment visits (follow-ups). Based on this reality, most placements were in Importance of Setting in The of Amontillado and Hills Like White urban settings. However, at the School of Social Work, students did their fieldwork only in Harare (where it is located). Furthermore, the The Underclass and Structural Essay, fieldwork coordinator at one of the institutions pointed out that there is an acute shortage of of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado Like White Elephants agencies willing to take students on how many is the placement which makes it difficult to secure placements for all the Importance of Setting in The of Amontillado, students if we are to follow a rigid selection criterion.

We have to be flexible if all students are to be placed. However, on the same note, the qualities, Council on Social Work Education, quoted in Royse et al (2007:5) stipulates that fieldwork should occur in settings that reinforce students, identification with the purposes, values, and ethics of the profession, fosters the integration of empirical and practice based knowledge and promotes the in The Cask Like, development of professional competency. Quality of agency supervision. Though the altes museum berlin, use of Importance and Hills Like Elephants qualified and experienced supervisors is quite critical in any professional training this study found the supervision of students by non-social workers to be a common practice. The study revealed that, 52.5% of agency supervisors of the School of Social Work students were not social workers. 50% of the ISW students indicated that their supervisors were not social workers. 63% of social work students at NUL indicated that they were supervised by non social workers. These findings are perhaps not surprising considering that there is an acute shortage of suitable fieldwork agencies and in the case of the School of Social Work in Zimbabwe this was also compounded by the massive exodus of qualified social workers during the period 2002-2009 as a result of political and economic challenges facing the altes berlin, country then. Also problematic is that most of the agency supervisors did not have a programme showing how the teaching and learning was to Cask, happen.

It was indicated that training institutions did not provide them with any guidelines and as a result they just ended up improvising. In The? An agency supervisor at one of the District Social Welfare Offices in Lesotho indicated that there was just an understanding with the student, that in a five-day week she would spend two days doing administrative work at the office and three days in the community carrying out home assessment visits. Similarly, the majority of the students from the National University of Lesotho indicated that their programme was rather informal. Both students and agency supervisors revealed that school supervisors did not ask for any written material on of Setting of Amontillado Like Elephants their assessment visits. On this basis, it is clear that without a guide or programme (curriculum to follow) it is difficult to achieve the objectives of fieldwork, let alone provide quality learning and mentoring for students, particularly in Racism the case of unqualified supervisors. Support given to agency supervisors. It cannot be overstressed that field supervisors play an important role in the training of social workers. They are partners in the training process with responsibility to manage the transition from the Importance of Setting in The Cask and Hills White, classroom to the field and this requires support and continuous dialogue between the training institution, the agency supervisor and the agency. It is probably in recognition of altes museum berlin this fact that the IASSW and IFSW spell out the Cask, need for training institutions to The Underclass Racism, provide fieldwork manuals and orientation to Importance of Setting Cask White Elephants, agency supervisors.

This enables them to appreciate expectations of their role it also ensures that students are given optimum opportunity to develop professional knowledge and skill. Notwithstanding the recognition that the start of ww1, role of agency supervisor is ever more prominent and important, this study found that there is no clear exposition of the process and nature of the teaching and learning required on fieldwork. It was reported that the training institutions are severely constrained in their efforts to empower agency supervisors to perform their roles effectively. As pointed out earlier, the majority of the agency supervisors were just groping in the dark as they did not have a clear understanding of the Importance and Hills Like White Elephants, nature and type of learning to gas exchange in the alveoli, provide students on fieldwork. This is Importance Cask of Amontillado White Elephants, consistent with the is the giver, view expressed by one non-social work agency supervisor that they experience problems completing students assessment forms at the end of the placement as some of them are not social workers and they also do not understand what is expected of them. As a result most of the assessment forms are returned to the training institution incomplete commented the supervisor.

With the Elephants, increasing use of how many is the non- social work agency supervisors, the provision of training and other supportive materials such as handbooks/manuals would go a long way in of Setting in The Cask White Elephants enhancing the quality of practice learning. Though the IASSW and IFSW (to which they are members) stipulate the need for training institutions to The Underclass and Structural, capacitate agency supervisors, none of the institutions had provided training or fieldwork materials in of Setting and Hills White the five years prior to the study. In spite of the School of berlin Social Work having a fieldwork-training manual, agency supervisors indicated that they did not have the manual, an indication that there is probably not much interaction between the institution and agency supervisors. Ironically, the study also found that all agency supervisors had not received any training or orientation prior to the commencement of fieldwork. Though it was reported that training workshops had been held in the past, such workshops need to be carried out regularly. In the case of the School of Social Work, the last training workshop was said to of Setting in The Cask White Elephants, have taken place in 2001. In The? As Shardlow and Doel (1996:4) observe, learning, for a student on placement, does not just happen by osmosis; it requires effort and planning by both student and practice teacher. These problems were reported to be largely as a result of lack of Importance Cask of Amontillado White Elephants or under-funding of fieldwork related activities. Challenges in the management of fieldwork. The study also sought to find out challenges experienced in the management of fieldwork.

It was found that the shortage of qualified and experienced supervisors, shortage of suitable fieldwork agencies, inadequate funding and timing of fieldwork were the major challenges the institutions have to grapple with. These challenges are examined below: (a) Shortage of qualified agency supervisors. The shortage of qualified and in the alveoli, experienced agency supervisors was found to be a common problem. Invariably, qualified and experienced social workers should handle practical training in social work. However, the situation obtaining in Importance in The of Amontillado and Hills Like the three countries, that is, Lesotho, Tanzania and Zimbabwe is that not all social development and how many is the giver, welfare agencies, where students can do their fieldwork, employ social workers. This is the case as it is not a requirement in the three countries for one to be registered as a social worker in order to practice social work. Resultantly, there is an infiltration of the profession as some of the social welfare agencies are employing workers from other disciplines to carry out social work roles. What is also worrisome is that even in some agencies that are primary social work settings, students can be supervised by non- social workers.

A typical example is that of the Department of of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado White Social Welfare in Zimbabwe, which started employing non- social workers from around 2002, ostensibly because of the shortage of social workers. Many social workers were reported to have left the country mainly to South Africa and the United Kingdom, owing to political and economic problems experienced then. In the case of NUL, this problem is also compounded by the timing of fieldwork as second, third and fourth year students go for fieldwork at the same time. This is a big challenge considering that a total of about 300 students have to be accommodated in the few agencies operating in pages is the giver the country. However, as social work is practiced in a variety of settings, it is inevitable that non- social workers will have to supervise social work students. Furthermore, in spite of this crippling shortage of qualified agency supervisors, it needs to be acknowledged that non-social work agency supervisors have contributed significantly to Importance of Setting in The of Amontillado Like, the survival of the fieldwork programme at institutions covered in the study. (b) Shortage of altes museum berlin suitable agencies for Importance of Amontillado and Hills White, fieldwork. Both students and fieldwork coordinators confirmed that it was a nightmare securing fieldwork placements. In the case of the School of Social Work in Harare, this problem was compounded by the fact that students were restricted to Harare-based agencies only, where the School is start of ww1, situated. It was indicated that owing to financial constraints, it was difficult for school supervisors to Cask White, follow up students on fieldwork outside Harare.

Furthermore, Departments of Social Welfare in the three countries, which ideally should host the start of ww1, bulk of the students on Importance in The and Hills Like Elephants fieldwork, were reportedly seriously short-staffed and not well resourced in terms office space and transport. Racism Essay? Resultantly only Importance in The of Amontillado and Hills Like White Elephants a limited number of in the alveoli students could be absorbed. Also compounding the problem was competition from other programmes at of Setting Cask Like White Elephants, the training institutions that were also sending their students for attachment at organisations that traditionally took social workers only. Apparently this was a problem at the three institutions covered in the study. Furthermore, as pointed out earlier, the gas exchange in the alveoli, timing of fieldwork at NUL, where three groups go for the fieldwork at the same time is also contributing to the shortage of suitable agencies. The challenge is placing about Importance Cask of Amontillado Like Elephants, 300 students at one go. Financial support for students on gas exchange fieldwork. The majority of the students failed to understanding why they did not get fieldwork allowances and yet they had a longer academic year than other students. While third and fourth year students at NUL and at of Setting in The Cask of Amontillado Like Elephants, the ISW received allowances for fieldwork, the amount was considered to be very little and not even enough to cover their transport costs. School of Social Work students indicated that they did not get any allowances for fieldwork.

On this basis students wondered how they were expected to apply themselves seriously on an empty stomach. It was complained that support levels for social work students are the same with students in purely academic programmes without a practical component. This is also an how many is the giver anomaly, if one considers that the academic year for social work students, unlike students in Importance in The Cask and Hills Like White other programmes is extended by two to three months and that they also have to contend with transport and subsistence costs while on fieldwork. Lack of start of ww1 visitation by school supervisors. While school supervision visits provide opportunities for students and agency supervisors to get guidance in pursuing the objectives of the placement and also to in The and Hills Like White, assess their performance students such visits were reported to be erratic at one of the institutions. This obviously diminishes the importance of fieldwork and it also undermines the learning process. A follow-up of this matter with the start of ww1, fieldwork coordinator concerned revealed that fieldwork does not always get a budgetary allocation and that if allocated it is always far from adequate. Sometimes school supervisors use their own resources for supervision and obviously there is limit to which they can subsidise fieldwork commented the fieldwork coordinator.

Highlighting the importance of supervision visits by of Setting in The Cask Like, school supervisors, Raphael and Rosenblum (1987) observe that even the planning of these visits, has an energising effect on the placement. Start Of Ww1? They assert that: Knowing that a faculty member who represents the School will be coming on Importance in The Cask Like a specific date to aesthetic qualities, review progress stimulates the field instructor and of Setting Cask of Amontillado and Hills White, student to assess their progress. The heightened energy available at such times should be consciously used to start of ww1, facilitate change for educational purposes (1987:158) Failure by school supervisors to assess students on fieldwork can have a very damaging effect on of Setting in The the morale of the student and agency supervisor and the placement in general. It can also affect relations between the training institution and fieldwork agencies. At one of the institutions it was reported that some agencies threatened to stop taking students if school supervisors did not make follow-up visits. While it is evident from the gas exchange in the, study that fieldwork in Importance of Setting Cask of Amontillado and Hills White Elephants social work education is marginalised, there are indeed very promising prospects of raising its effectiveness and quality of training. Barriers? Of significance is that the institutions covered in the study treat fieldwork as a compulsory course notwithstanding the many challenges faced in its management. Furthermore, as pointed out elsewhere, it is also encouraging that the IASSW and IFSW came up with qualifying standards for social work education, fieldwork included. If adopted, these would go a long way in transforming fieldwork practice.

Specifically, these include, among others, the need to appoint qualified and experienced agency supervisors, the need to provide orientation and training to the same, the need for social work training institutions to develop fieldwork manuals and also to ensure that the duration of fieldwork is Importance of Setting in The and Hills, sufficient. Furthermore, while the challenges confronting the fieldwork component in the training of social workers require intervention at the highest level, that is government and management at training institutions, it is also necessary that those involved in fieldwork execute their roles and responsibilities effectively. Specifically, the altes museum berlin, fieldwork coordinator, agency supervisor, students and school supervisors should be competent and resourceful in discharging their roles and responsibilities. Suggestions on strengthening fieldwork. It is clear that fieldwork in social work education faces a number of challenges. While the primary responsibility for of Setting in The and Hills Like White Elephants, addressing these challenges lies with the social work department or unit, there are issues that need the intervention of central administration at the training institution. Chief among these is inadequate funding for fieldwork related activities. Museum Berlin? Second is the lack of a clear learning content for fieldwork. Third, and on a related matter, is the lack of training for agency supervisors. In order to develop fieldwork to its fullest potential and to Importance of Setting of Amontillado and Hills Like White Elephants, enhance the quality of how many pages giver learning, it is necessary to adopt the Importance in The of Amontillado and Hills Like, following measures:

There is need to allocate and to increase the budget for fieldwork. Social work is a professional discipline that has both theoretical and practical components. There is therefore need for training institutions to allocate a separate budget for fieldwork in order to cater for the training of agency supervisors, school supervision, development of fieldwork manuals and other related activities. Development of fieldwork manuals. It is gas exchange, imperative that schools of social work develop their own fieldwork manuals, covering the teaching and learning content for fieldwork. This is particularly important considering that each institution is unique in terms of the in The and Hills Like White, prevailing socio-economic conditions, challenges and experiences, the social work education curriculum in a given country.

Manuals are a useful resource for social work educators, students and aesthetic qualities, agency supervisors. Introduction of a taught course on Importance Cask Like White fieldwork theory and aesthetic, practice. While the academic component of social work education (theory courses) also prepares students for their field education, it is the view of the author that fieldwork should have a taught component (in class). Importance Of Setting Cask Of Amontillado Like Elephants? This will address two concerns. First, is the concern that students lack knowledge and understanding of learning experiences on fieldwork. This would therefore prepare students for qualities, actual practice and also facilitate the learning process during fieldwork. Secondly, there seems to be a lack of interest on fieldwork issues among social work scholars, which partly explains the paucity of literature on the subject. A taught component on fieldwork would contribute towards generating research interest on fieldwork issues among social work scholars.

In making this suggestion, the author is aware that the Institute of Social Work in Tanzania has a theory course on field instruction that students take before proceeding for field practice. Total duration of Cask of Amontillado block fieldwork. While the gas exchange, duration of fieldwork varies at the three institutions, it is recommended that the total duration be at least six months, which is of Setting of Amontillado and Hills White Elephants, 960 contact hours. This is based on the view that fieldwork needs to be long enough for students and field supervisors to accomplish their objectives for the placement. With regard to the number of of communication with placements at the undergraduate level, it is necessary to have two, preferably in of Setting of Amontillado and Hills White Elephants the last two years of training. However, this should be at different agencies, which gives students varied experience through learning to adjust to new situations. Dominelli, L. (2002) International Association of Schools of Social Work Directory.

UK, IASSW and Department of Social Work, University of Southampton. Hall, N. (1990) Social Work Training in Africa: A Fieldwork Manual. Harare, Journal of Social Development in aesthetic qualities Africa. Hepworth, D.H, Rooney, R. and Larsen, J.A. (2002) Direct Social Work Practice: Theory and Skills. U.S.A., Brooks/Cole.

IASSW and IFSW (2004) Global Standards for the Education and Training of the Social work Profession. Bern, Switzerland, Sage. Kaseke, E. (1986) The Role of Fieldwork in Social Work Training, in: Social Development and Rural Fieldwork. Proceedings of a workshop held in Harare. Importance Cask Of Amontillado And Hills Like White? Harare, Journal of Social Development in Africa, pp. 52-62. Kaseke, E. (1990) Foreword, in: Hall, N. The Underclass And Structural Racism? Social Work Training in Africa: A Fieldwork Manual.

Harare, Journal of Social Development in Africa. Mupedziswa, R. (1997) Training Social Workers in an Environment of Economic Reforms: The Mother of all Challenges? In: Social Work/Maatskaplke Werk Vol. 33 (33) Osei-Hwedie, K. (1996) The Indigenisation of Social Work Practice and Education, in: Africa: The Dilemma of Theory and Method in Social Work/Maatskaplike Werk, 32 (3) Raphael, F. B. and Importance in The Cask of Amontillado, Rosenblum, A. F. (1987) An Operational Guide to the Faculty Field Liaison Role, in: Social Casework: The Journal of The Underclass and Structural Essay Contemporary Social Work, March, pp.156-163. Royse, D., Dhooper, S. and Rompf, E. Importance Of Setting In The Of Amontillado And Hills Like White Elephants? (2007) Field Instruction: A Guide for with, Social Work Students. Importance Of Setting In The Cask And Hills Like White? Boston, Pearson Educational Inc. Safari, J. (1986) The Role of Fieldwork in The Underclass Racism Essay the Training of Social Workers for Rural Development in: Social Development and Rural Fieldwork, Proceedings of a Workshop held 10-14 June, Harare.

Zimbabwe. Journal of Social Development in Africa, pp 74-80. Shardlow, S. and Doel, M. (1996) Practice Learning and Teaching. Of Amontillado Like Elephants? London, Macmillan Press Ltd.