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Business Plan for michael, SBA, Bank or Grant Funding. An average Level 2 plan will include the following 26 sections: The cover page generally has your company logo, your contact information including name, address, telephone number, and e-mail address. Breach Of Confidence! We build our business plans with a linked table of michael, contents that is done in a manner so that if any changes are made to the text, the page numbers can quickly be updated. A summation of the business plan and the first thing an investor will read, the executive summary entails the market need, the solution the how to imaginary, company will bring to it, and how it will accomplish this. It includes a short description of the company's products and services, the size of the relevant market, how the company is michael jackson biography for kids uniquely suited to succeed, and the amount of fury characters, investment being sought. Usually one or two pages in length, it is a brief yet important opportunity to persuade the michael jackson, reader to before dying zusammenfassung, delve deeper into michael jackson biography for kids the document. This section is marijuana vs alcohol done by our business plan writers. This section generally includes bullet points of michael, your company's goals.

These goals may include market capture rate, financial profitability timelines, and new product launch dates. A clear and concise statement defining your company's mission. A listing of the a lesson dying, steps required to achieve the company's stated mission. This section includes information regarding where the company will be located and how the for kids, company will be structured. A summation of the principal owners and mission statement their company share. Pre-Operating Source and michael biography for kids Use of Essay, Funds. The pre-operating source and use of jackson biography for kids, funds section details the expenses, assets, inventory, investment and breach of confidence debt needed to facilitate the company's business objectives. The pre-operating expenses and funding occur before the michael, company receives revenue. This section is completed by our financial consultants.

This section describes the company's offering in the marketplace. It presents standard product and/or service descriptions, and how these differentiate the company from Health what is jackson biography for kids currently on the market. This is fury characters also the area to michael jackson biography, detail any proprietary products or processes, intellectual property, exclusive designs, patents, or other innovative offerings. If relevant, it will outline why the management is specially suited to how to, bring the biography for kids, product to market, grow the company, help turn it around, etc. This section is done by our business plan writers. Starbuck Mission! Detailed information on the company's immediate surroundings including: population, households, families, age, income, and other useful statistics. Tables and graphs are used to display the information above. Michael Biography For Kids! This section is done by our business plan researchers. This section includes information on U.S. sales per fury characters, state and biography for kids sales per employee per state.

Specific information for your state and city will be detailed in a custom table. This section is done by fury characters, our business plan writers. Top Tapestry Segments for michael for kids, your area. The U.S. Graph Imaginary! Census Bureau has created a list of tapestry segments that help businesses identify customers living in their area. Jackson! This information is Health Essay very important and includes a detailed description of the michael for kids, type of people who live in your area. This section is haig ww1 done by our business plan writers. This information includes a variety of michael for kids, data collected by the U.S. Census Bureau and statement customized to the individual business and location.

It may include some or all of the michael biography for kids, following: population, growth, school enrollment, education attainment, marital status, region of birth, language spoken, employment status, how they commute to work, occupation, industries occupying the starbuck mission, workforce, and class of worker. Michael Jackson For Kids! This section is Health Care Essay done by our business plan writers. Marketing initiatives and for kids a web operations summary are detailed here. This describes how customers will be reached, including specifics such as marketing channels, methods of advertising, campaign strategies, and strategic partnerships utilized. This section is done by our business plan writers. The SWOT analysis is included to provide an honest assessment of a company's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. It explains internal and external factors, and before zusammenfassung positive and michael jackson negative forces affecting your company. This helps investors see the current state of a company and marijuana it also is an excellent tool for biography for kids, self- assessment.

The history of the company and its owners is explored, including how they will use their experience to implement successful business strategies. Of Confidence! For larger operations, this will include a summary of management gaps as well. Michael Jackson For Kids! This section is breach done by michael biography for kids, our business plan writers. Provides an overview of Poor Medical Health Care, your financial situation and michael jackson for kids financial projections. Poor Health Essay! This section is completed by our financial consultants. The revenue forecast section details the michael, revenue that the company will receive and of confidence the direct costs. Comprehensive graphs illustrate the amount of revenue and gross margin each line item contributes. This section is jackson biography for kids completed by our financial consultants. Starbuck! The personnel forecast breaks down the payroll expense line on michael jackson biography for kids, the income statement, and provides total headcount, average salary per category and The Seducer of Northern Australia Essay total pay per category. This section is completed by our financial consultants. The income statement is also known as a profit #38; loss statement.

This table breaks down revenue, cost of revenue, operating expenses, depreciation, interest, taxes, and bottom-line earnings for jackson biography, the first five years. This section is completed by our financial consultants. The statement of cash flow illustrates the company's cash received and cash spent for a five-year period. A Lesson Before Dying! The table is broken down into three main categories: operating, investing, and michael jackson biography financing. Fury Characters! The operating activities report the company's business operations. Investing activities detail the michael jackson, company's property, plant, and before zusammenfassung equipment transactions.

Financing activities account for michael for kids, the company's paid-in capital and how to imaginary numbers debt. This section is for kids completed by our financial consultants. The balance sheet includes the company's assets, liabilities, and shareholders' equity for a given time-period. This section is completed by our financial consultants. The break-even analysis details two different break-even points.

The operating break-even accounts for haig ww1, the company's revenue and expenses on michael jackson, the income statement. Starbuck Mission! The investment cash flow break-even takes the operating break-even one step further by including the inflow and outflows of the cash flow. The investment cash flow break-even looks at all transfers of biography for kids, money, except investments. This section is Australia completed by our financial consultants. The best and worse case analysis illustrates what the company's financial statements might look like with an increase or decrease in michael jackson for kids revenue. This section is vs alcohol completed by for kids, our financial consultants.

Year 1 monthly forecast illustrates the The Seducer of Northern, company's first 12 months, after the pre-operating stage. This section is jackson biography completed by our financial consultants.

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Michael jackson biography for kids

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How to biography Know When a Fig Is Ripe and Ready to Pick. Knowing when a fig is ripe. These figs are both ripe; skin color matters little in determining if a fig is ripe. There’s nothing like a fresh ripe fig and there’s nothing like a fresh unripe fig. Ripe delivers a juicy, succulent and melting gem to fawn over. Unripe tastes like a wasted opportunity: dry, starchy and Poor Essay, flavorless. It’s good to know the difference. Here’s my photo guide to knowing when to pick your homegrown figs. Figs can be green, brown, golden, striped or purple. Ripeness has less to do with color and michael jackson for kids, more with how they’re hanging. (Behave.) Varieties above are Negronne (a.k.a.

Violette du Bordeaux) and Dessert King and photos below show Peter’s Honey Fig. How-To: Knowing the breach, Right Time to Pick a Fig. Fig 1 . (above) Not ripe: the biography for kids, fig is too firm and still perpendicular to the stem. Figs 2. Getting riper: the fury characters, fig gives a bit with touch, skin becomes more translucent, fruit starts to bend and plump up. Fig 3 . Not ready yet, but a heavier softer fruit moves closer to the stem, skin shows wrinkling.

Fig 4. Gravity wins and the fig is ripe and michael biography, ready, no longer able to The Seducer support its weight. Note the jackson biography for kids, dewy skin and slight tear in the fruit; it can barely hold its sugary contents at this point. (Time to grab the snips and go crazy!) Fig 5 . Marijuana! ( Update ) I spoke to too soon; this perfectly ripe fig cannot hold its nectar. If you don’t pick it now, the birds will not offer you a second chance. Tom’s Video: How to Tell If a Fig is Ripe and Ready to Pick.

Beautiful figs #128578; Clearly your figtree is very cooperative, lucky you. If you get as far as making Christine’s dry/frsh fig jam, please share your impressions! Can I add your blog to my blogroll? Je t’embrasse. Hi Claire, but of course — thanks for the kinds words and fig recipe tip. So glad I found your site!

Great post — although I was expecting to see little fig newtons growing right before my eyes…I really enjoyed catching up this week. All the best…Randy. Randy, fig newton trees are really difficult to grow in this area; just when they are ready to harvest the rains come and you have one soggy cookie. Can you tell me what variety of fig you have in the photograph for for kids this tip. Milena, it’s a Peter’s Honey fig in the photos above. Poor Medical Care! (I’ll update the post, thanks!) Thank you for your descriptive photo essay. I was wondering about my figs. Now I will know when to pick them (prefferably before the birds do) And Libby if it looks like the birds are zeroing in on the figs, cut up pieces of for kids, foil and tent the top of the figs around the stem and that seems to Poor Medical Health Care Essay deter them, and there’s always bird netting, too.

Good luck. I’d like to discourage you from using bird netting unless you are in a colder climate. We’ve lost two western coachwhips this year in ours and are taking it all down – it traps beneficial snakes and kills them very slowly. Susie, thanks for bringing that to michael jackson for kids light. I don’t use bird netting, so I guess I shouldn’t recommend it. Thanks for the heads-up. i was wondering if there was a way to help the figs make it to the final stage to fury characters pick through the last wet rainy period. My figs are very nice sized and michael biography, now the rains are closing in…Do the need some kind of cover or whatever? Hi Amy, there’s not much you can do at this point. Poor Care Essay! Figs are a little tougher than cherries and tomatoes which usually have skin splitting with heavy rains, but ripening all boils down to a little more sunshine and michael biography, a little more warmth to get them to that state. Unfortunately, figs don’t ripen off the marijuana, tree.

Pretty much what you pick is what you get, even days later. Keep your fingers crossed for michael for kids a clearing trend and few weeks of sun. I live in Arizona… How long does it usually take to ripen? What time of year? Your blog was very helpful… Thanks #128578; Hi Melissa, my figs ripen between August and breach of confidence, September.

I suspect they would ripen earlier in Arizona, most likely June or July, but they are water hogs, just in michael biography, case conservation is a consideration in your area. Full service nurseries and The Seducer Australia, local ag extension offices are good sources for jackson biography what varieties will do well in your climate. Of Confidence! is also a good place to do a search for michael “Arizona fig growing” and see what gardeners in fury characters, your area are doing. Michael Biography For Kids! Good Luck and thanks for visiting! Dude! Thanks for the photo guide.

I have been so confused on the fig growing and ripening process so this hits the mark for me. Thanks for the info! Good to hear Dwayne — happy growing! I just read something about putting olive oil on the bottom of the fig to hasten ripening. Which picture above is the Poor Medical Health Care Essay, right time? I am a bit impatient – I brought back a cutting from my uncle’s farm in Italy 5 years ago and this is the first year the fruit actually looks like it will ripen. BTW I like in Phoenix, AZ so it doesn’t freeze in the winter. And yes it is well watered. Hi Tom – just saw your answer to Melissa so I now know when. Biography! Still want to know about the olive oil.

Catherine, I don’t know anything about the olive oil solution. Wow, those crazy ancients could teach us a thing or two. Breach! My suggestion is to just wait for them ripen naturally since you live in AZ where the sun actually shines. If you wish to michael jackson biography for kids proceed with the olive oil technique, I did find this info: […] from getting them and leaves them on the counter to Australia Essay ripen. That’s how she rolls. I found this website to have helpful progression pictures of figs as they ripen. Michael Biography For Kids! You should check it out! See how the […]

Thanks so much for linking up to Cottage Flora Thursday’s! Thanks for all the great info. about the figs! xoxo, tracie. I am in South Alabama and I have just got done picking probably less than a 4th of the figs on my tree. Still a lot to pick but some are still plain green and sticking upright..I wanted to beat the Birds to them but I sure dont want to kill any birds either so I guess its gonna be early bird gets the worm ( aka Fig ) I will be doing a bunch of breach of confidence, cuttings this year, I only biography for kids, did about a half doxen and gave them to haig ww1 my neighbors but I am stocking up for the next year #128578; Now I gotta figure out jackson, how to make some fig jam etc #128578; Tewrobert, fig jam is pretty easy, just figs, sugar and lemon juice and vs alcohol, reduce with a simmer until thick — tah, dah – done!

As for michael jackson the birds, try covering the marijuana vs alcohol, trees with a row cover fabric, or sections of michael, tree. It’s a white gauze-like fabric that neither birds nor snakes get stuck in, and it’s opaque too. That might help you get a few more figs. How do I know when my sundried figs are ready to be stored without mildewing. Hi Barbara, most commercial dried figs have preservatives. For homemade dried figs, I’d just vacuum pack or freeze them in a zip lock bag to keep them longer.

They are ready when no ooze or dripping juices, but are moist and tacky to the touch. Always love coming by to see your posts…so informative! Thanks for linking up to Cottage Flora Thursday’s! xoxo, tracie. Joseph in Vegas. These comments were very informative. I have one young fig tree and it had about The Seducer Essay, 8 purple figs that the birds were starting to peck. Jackson For Kids! I panicked and haig ww1, picked them yesterday but I don’t know if they are ripe. I will try one today. For Kids! I do still have about 10 green figs and I will take your advice and wait until they hang on the tree before picking and hopefully beat the birds to the punch.

Thanks! Thanks so much for the pictures of ripening Desert King figs! It was perfect for an inexperienced gardener and fury characters, proud brand-new (just picked it up today!) Desert King fig tree owner. My baby has two figs on it already! Go Teresa, Desert King is a great choice for an easy to grow, not to fussy fig tree! Enjoy. Tom, do figs only jackson, grow off the main stem?That’s the way mine grow and I have only four figs.

My tree is about 3 feet tall (5 years old) I keep it in a large planter. and bring it out of the weather in the early winter. Any ideas about growing bigger would help. I live in southwestern Michigan 5 miles east of Lake Michigan, Bill figs usually produce their biggest crop on dying zusammenfassung, the fig wood of last season’s growth. In your climate that may be killed in michael jackson biography, the winter and leave you with few figs. My grandfather in Indiana would wrap his fig tree with burlap and fill the base with dried leaves during the winter. What I would recommend is a lesson, planting another variety, Chicago Hardy fig.

It’s suppose to produce ripe figs on for kids, new growth. So if it dies to breach of confidence the ground, the new growth of the current season will still produce figs. Here’s link to jackson biography for kids a forum thread about that variety: Do I prune my fig tree and if yes, when? Hi Mary, figs are a little tricky when pruning because next year’s figs are on this years growth.

The good news is figs are easy to prune and usually don’t need a ton of Poor Medical Care Essay, maintenance. 1. Prune out any dead branches. 2. Michael Biography For Kids! Prune out fury characters, any cross branching, to create openness. 3. Michael Biography! Tip prune any top, crazy long branches to encourage multiply branching. 4. And prune height if you wish to maintain a certain vertical height.

I would wait until the trees are leafless and dormant in late fall, winter or early spring before budding out. Good luck! How do I keep the ants off of the figs without using pesticides? If I wait until they are fully ripe, the ants find their way to fury characters the nectar and I lose the figs. I live on Long Island , New York. Thanks for the great pictures. Hi Howie, Here’s how I deal with ants on michael jackson, figs and other fruit trees without using pesticides. I use a product called tanglefoot, a super gooey substance that ants and other crawling insects can’t walk over without getting stuck. So far they have not learned how to of Northern Australia Essay build stick bridges. #128521; 1. Get an old paper bag, cut into michael jackson strips and wrap one 4-inch strip around the trunk and tape in place. Breach! Spread tanglefoot on it covering the surface.

2. For Kids! Don’t put it directly on the tree trunk, makes a mess and I found the of confidence, bark gets sunburned, blistered and biography for kids, damaged on hot days. 3. Make sure your ants can’t get to The Seducer the tree from another route, like branches from another tree. That should keep them off. Thank you for sharing this, I do have a question though, what do I do with figs that aren’t rip? I don’t have a fig tree therefore I buy them at my local market but they only have them unripe,Green on the outside and white inside and they are milky and sticky when cut open. Is there any way to still get them ripe and sweet? Harold, figs don’t ripen off the tree, unfortunately.

So any figs picked firm or unripe will not ripen at home. A fig should really be soft; while it may not look its best, it will taste so much better. Robin Clay, Dorset, England. [coff] You didn’t answer the question #128521; Robin Clay, Dorset, England. The figs on my tree now (Nov 1st) are about an inch a half long, and green (though some are ripe). Michael Jackson Biography For Kids! From previous years, they will shrivel and go black over the winter, and eventually fall off. Of Northern! Is it worth harvesting them now; are they “edible” when stewed? Or should I just check ’em in the compost bin? Hi Robin, a man’s got to sleep sometime. #128521; I up now and ready to michael biography for kids answer your question, I’d say you have two choices: 1) Welcome them to the compost bin or 2) make green (unripe) fig preserve. The preserve is quite good, as you basically candy the fury characters, wee whole fig and then use it for jackson for kids cheese and charcuterie plates.

Here’s a good recipe: I have a heap of unripe figs, too, so I’ll be joining you in the preserves-making camp. Robin Clay, Dorset, England. Three YEARS’ of sleep ? #128521; Thanks for Care Essay the recipe – the figs are on their first boil ! […] not sure when the figs are ready to pick, check out this very detail photo illustrated post “How to Know When a Fig Is Ripe and michael biography for kids, Ready to Pick” from Tall Clover Farm. The only thing to remember is haig ww1, that your fig – when ripe – may be […] Thanks so much for this information photo series about figs. This is the first year my fig tree is producing and michael jackson biography, I figured I had a few ripe figs but wanted to make sure so as not to waste and of the a lesson dying zusammenfassung, precious few fruit I have. Great info, much appreciated!

after halfhour surfing with my question “can figs be too ripe”, your photos and text gave me a very satisfying answer. Biography! Thank you! Mine are the Australia, same kind as yours and drooping and dripping just like that. It’s my tree’s second year in michael biography for kids, my yard, and my first real crop……12 figs. Congrats VI on Poor Care, the bumper crop. And really figs can’t be too ripe, but it becomes a textural issue for some eaters. I like them really ripe for fresh eating and a little less ripe for salads, or broiling with bacon and goat cheese. I, too, had a bumper crop this year!

I have had my tree (bush) for three years now and wouldn’t give up hope. I am now the michael biography, proud owner of two (2) unripe (according to your information) figs which I trust will ripen before I have to bring the plant in marijuana, the house to michael jackson avoid the frost. Maybe next year I’ll get a Super Bumper Crop? Thanks for the info and I’ll keep the Poor Medical Care Essay, recipes until my crop improves! I have a super huge fig tree and i want to michael biography for kids know about it’s sap, Is it poisonous if ingested? (to animals and humans) and can it poison through skin? i have had the sap on my hands before and haig ww1, it didn’t irritate my skin, but it did my family’s, Why is that? Good picture guide by the way, very informative! Australia, I don’t know about the sap if ingested, but I have read where it can cause skin rash and irritations in some folk:

So no chewing on fig stems, would be my advice. Hi!I just move my fig tree inside house and there is few figs on the tree,but they are very hard to touch,any chance they are going to ripe(Salt lake City-Utah)-thank you. Hi Zeke, You could give it a try and place it in a sunny window or by a sunny sliding glass door and give the figs a couple weeks to ripen and see what happens, but I doubt they will ripen this late in the season. This time of biography for kids, year, the haig ww1, tree wants to go dormant. So if the leaves drop, that’s okay, just place it somewhere cold but where it won’t be subjected to michael jackson biography for kids extreme cold temperatures. Place it back out in The Seducer Australia, the sun when the temps. Jackson For Kids! rise above freezing in the spring. Thanks so much! My mother-in-law purchased a fig tree for me and I wasn’t sure when to pick the figs.

It’s full of figs this year–2 years after she purchased it for me. I want to make sure I harvest my “crop” at haig ww1, just the right time! Thanks again. Hi from Mornington Peninsula, Vic, Australia. Your Fig photos are the BEST I’ve seen online! You must have heaps of patience #128578; My brown turkey is nearly ready. Michael Jackson! I talk to Health it eeveryday.

Can I send you a photo? Thanks again, Lucy. I’m so glad I found this page! Last fall I moved next to wonderful neighbors who have two huge fig trees and many of the figs are now ripe! I did not know how to tell ripe from jackson for kids, unripe, but was a pretty good guesser, based on your pics. A brand new seven tray dehydrator was given to me and today I am going to haig ww1 pick figs and start the drying process. My twenty month old grandson will love this! The trees have been grown organically, too. Like the jackson, person above this post, I just moved into a house with 2 fig trees out back. Had never eaten one before today. Dying! Didn’t know how to jackson for kids tell they were ripe or not, but thanks to you, I know!

Good post. And I found a new fruit I like! We just moved to a house in Seattle with a fig tree in the backyard. SO GLAD to a lesson dying get tips and jackson, information so we can harvest. Health Care! We have A LOT of fruit on the tree all the michael jackson for kids, sun lately can only be good for it. Thank you for your posting! Welcome to Seattle Sonja!

Nothing better than a backyard with a loaded fig tree. You’ve got your fig cake, your fig jam, figs stuffed with goat cheese wrapped in vs alcohol, bacon…and the list goes on michael biography for kids, and on. Thanks for before visiting! I’m so grateful to have found such great info regarding figs. I expect to harvest my very first figs this season and this is just what I needed. Now I will know just when to harvest. Thanks so much. Glad to help Serene, I’m going to michael jackson for kids post a video on picking ripe figs, just a little behind in doing so. Hopefully in the next week or so.

Unlike very small figs of years past, my fig trees/bushes are putting out the most gorgeous fat figs this year – I have no idea why the difference. Poor Health! Anyway, the BlueJays are getting to them before they have a chance to get near ripened. Anything I can do to get there before the birds? I’ve just read that you can’t pick figs BEFORE they ripen because they won’t ripen OFF the stem. Jackson! I’m hoping to have a few for myself this year. Thanks.

Rita. Hi Rita, In the past I would loosely wrap foil around each fig like a tin hat, the tip funneled around the stem. A Lesson! A bit labor intensive but I got some figs to eat. This year I’m going to try covering the tree with white remay, a light garden fabric that won’t weight the tree down and lets light in. It’s found at for kids, any garden center or nursery:;keywords=remay%20garden%20cloth#038;page=1#038;rh=i%3Aaps%2Ck%3Aremay%20garden%20cloth. Thank you for a lesson before zusammenfassung sharing about how to tell if/when a fig is ripe. So helpful for my two fig trees!

Pinning. #128578; So glad I found your informative and entertaining explanation! I have a small tree that was only cultivated less than 2 years ago. When I got it, it was basically a 10 inch stick. I never expected fruit so soon but I now have about a half dozen that suddenly appeared a few days ago. I’ll be bookmarking this post and hope to make your recipe as well!

I live 90 miles north of jackson, Seattle and my figs fruit abundantly in August but they never ripen. Poor Medical Health Care! Maybe I need a better variety. Any suggestions? Charles, the one variety that always ripens for michael jackson for kids me no matter how bad the weather is, is Desert King, which is readily available in most northwest fruit nurseries, including Cloud Mountain which is north of Seattle in Everson. Well phooie.

I’m babysitting my next door neighbors place and being an old Italian fellow, he has several fig trees. Medical Care Essay! He told me to go ahead and have at them while he is gone for the month of October (yep, to Italy) I don’t know a thing about figs and thought well, while I’m over here I’ll pluck a few and biography, then jump on marijuana, the internet to see when these babies are ready. Those I picked are sadly, not ready. I live out on jackson for kids, the western side of the of confidence, Olympic Peninsula, tons of rain most of the time, more rain that usual this year. These guys are still not ripe. Is there anything at jackson biography for kids, all I can do with these figs or should I just say forget it?

I hope the trees give something this year, it’s been a wild year for all things garden, at least for me. My thorn-less blackberries got hammered with rain right when they were coming in, consequently I’m going from breach, 100 gallons of the beauties down to michael biography just 8 so far this year, huge, huge loss for me. I’d hate to see that happen with these 5 fig trees too. #128577; They are just not ripe and a lesson, here we are so late into jackson October. Depressing. Quite tickled I found your blog though!! 3. Hi Christine, Welcome and thanks for of confidence your fun comment, though I am sorry to hear about the blackberry loss and the unripe figs. I’m sorry to say, it is michael jackson biography for kids, very unlikely that your friend’s figs will ripen now. Mine are hanging on the tree mocking me as unripe and rotting ornaments.

You need to have your friend travel in mid-summer when the first crop, the breba crop of figs comes in. You’re bound to harvest those. The second crop or main crop as the Essay, oddly call it, rarely ripens in the Pacfic Northwest. I have a couple figs in my greenhouse and even there, the second fruiting doesn’t ripen to biography an edible state. I have a wonderful recipe for fresh fig cake and The Seducer of Northern Australia, this is the first year that I’ve harvested enough figs to make five cakes for the freezer. Each cake takes 2 cups of fresh, mashed figs, 2 cups of sugar, 3/4 cup shortening; 4 eggs; 2 cups plus 2 tablespoons flour mixed with 1 tsp. Biography! each cinnamon, allspice, and baking soda; and 1 tsp vanilla; 1/4 tsp. salt and 1 cup chopped pecans.

Mix all well.. I use 1/4 cup softened butter and 1/2 cup Crisco for of Northern Australia Essay the shortening. Mix well and bake at jackson, 350 degrees for 45 min in a well greased Bundt pan. Fury Characters! No icing is michael biography, needed but a thin icing can be used if desired. Oh Arlene, a woman after my own heart. Marijuana! Fig cake…just saying it makes me lick my lips. Biography For Kids! What a great recipe to try. I can see the post now, Arlene’s Awesome Fig Cake! Thanks again, and congratulations on the hefty fig harvest. Tom, I’ve used the same recipe but substituted brandied cherries for the figs. Last season I had so many cherries that I made cherry liquor.

After straining the liquor, I couldn’t bring myself to dying zusammenfassung discard the pitted cherries so I put them in the freezer. That was in 2012. This summer, I didn’t make liquor – just pies and froze fresh cherries. I pulled out those “brandied” cherries and michael jackson biography for kids, made the cake – actually four all total. Poor Medical Health Essay! Talk about michael biography, heavenly. I will never throw out those cherries again! I was wondering if you could email me. Fury Characters! Im trying to figure out what kind of jackson, fig tree i have. [email protected] that way i could send you a photo of it. Angela, do you have both a photo of the fruit and the leaf. Vs Alcohol! It’s difficult to identify figs without a photo of the leaf, the fruit, and the fruit cut in half to expose the interior.

I could give it a try though. Kia Ora, We are in New Zealand (North of Wellington) and have just found out michael jackson biography for kids, that we have a very productive fig tree on our property. We had no idea what to do with the fruit (i.e. when to pick) until I Googled your site. Vs Alcohol! Thank you very much for taking the time to put this together. Michael! I’m REALLY looking forward to Essay fig ice cream! Welcome Mike, and thanks for the kind comments. How wonderful to meet a fellow fig lover from half way around the world, and in beautiful New Zealand at that. Fig ice cream, I like the biography for kids, way you think. Here are two of my favorite fig recipes: Fig and fury characters, Ginger Jam; and Figs in a Blanket. Jackson Biography For Kids! Thanks again Mike!

Cheers, Tom. Thanks for The Seducer Australia Essay the information. I’ve got some of the michael, green fig variety growing here in the east of England, and am looking forward to sampling them in future. Tom, you sure know your figs! And I must say that you have a very cute fig voice…

Awesome … Thanks so much, just got my first three fruit starting to drop a little and thought I would check online for advice about when to pick and your site was right at marijuana, the top and answered my question. Hi, I live in jackson biography for kids, The Netherlands where we have some similar weather as you! Today, I just picked my first fig and it was delish! Took 3 more off the dying zusammenfassung, tree then checked your site for really when to jackson for kids pick them… A little backwards. Hopefully they’ll be fine.

They are nice and soft! I have no idea what sort they are, though. A Lesson Before Zusammenfassung! Should I cover the jackson biography, tree in the winter? Mine is in dying zusammenfassung, the ground. Hi Carol, Brava! Your first ripe fig! About covering the tree, is michael biography for kids, it newly planted? If so, you may wish to pack it at least the lower half in leaves and wrap it in burlap to protect the of confidence, root crown of the tree. Do you know what you lowest temperatures are? It may freeze to the ground and send up shots in summer, but it’s hard to ripen figs that late in michael jackson biography for kids, the season, at least where I live. Good luck!

Thank you for this! Exactly what I needed to learn! I planted a fig tree last year and this year, the tree is covered in Poor Medical Health Essay, figs! They seem to be at michael jackson for kids, a standstill in growing/ripening. Fury Characters! Waiting for the signs that they are ready to be picked! Your pics were most helpful! Thanks, Tom all! I’m from SE England, 51°N, but we have the Gulf Stream – weather drier than Vancouver (nearest I’ve been to Seattle) maybe a bit colder, but gardens look similar. I bought a tiny fig plant from biography, France – no idea of variety.

It’s against fury characters, a south wall. Although wrapped, I never managed to keep the “peas” over winter, but this year (mild) I have a dozen “spring” figs, about 6? circumference, but horizontal hard. By your photos I think you stripped the leaves around the fruit, so I have. Winter here can arrive any time – tomorrow or November – I wondered if anyone has tried putting the unripe fruit in blown-up plastic bags, like mini-greenhouses, to michael jackson help them ripen? Good eating to us all.

Wish me luck – as I send to you all! Hi Pat, In this part of the world, I’ve never had the immature fruit winter over to produce ripe figs the Medical Health Care, following spring and summer. My figs will usually look pretty bad if still on the tree and jackson, then fall off in spring making way for the new crop, the breba or first crop, which is then followed by the main crop; and of confidence, that unfortunately is the one that then teases us with little figs that never ripen in our climate. So you’ll likely just get one viable fruiting off of michael jackson biography, last years growth, and breach of confidence, those “peas” will appear after the breba crop is picked. Now unfortunately, figs do not ripen off of the jackson biography for kids, tree. Fury Characters! They’ll soften a bit, but that’s more about rotting than increasing sugar content and ripening further. I like your spirit, keep it up and who knows next year you may be swimming in figs. Biography For Kids! I just bought a fig tree that hails from Normandy, called the Dauphine. A Lesson Dying Zusammenfassung! I have in my greenhouse for the first year, as it needs some encouragement and attention. Thanks for jackson biography for kids this fine visit and fig talk.

I bought a Black Mission Fig tree. This is the first year it has produced after planting it two years ago. I have a lot of figs but they are green. A Lesson Before Dying! I was told they would be large and black. They are small and green. I know some are ready for jackson biography for kids harvest because the necks are drooping. Did I get another variety of fig tree and not Black Mission? Suzann, it sounds like the tree was marked incorrectly. I have a mission fig in the greenhouse and it stays green until the ripening begins and then changes color to a rich purple black and then droops down when fully ripe. 28/09 – many thanks for the reply. I’m afraid you’re right: the figs (over a dozen which are bigger than most bought ripe ones) are looking wonderful – but bright green, horizontal, like solid wood!

I has just started to bend over a bit, but the days are dropping from the mid 20°Cs into the teens, and we are past the equinox. Loads of Poor Health, new growth, but very few “peas”, I think I shall have to prune fairly hard, wrap the remainder in michael biography for kids, straw, with a plastic raincoat over the top (not all round) pray for of confidence a mind winter. Up here we might get just a touch of frost right through winter- or I have known -20°C once – and bitter East winds. Jackson! Never say die! But, we are usually milder than the Netherlands, so fingers crossed. I do love your blog! Good gardening, Pat. I have a small fig tree about the size of yours in the video.

I don’t think its placed in breach of confidence, a good spot, not enough sunlight, just north of jackson for kids, a large Arizona ash tree. Last year during summer, ash tree gets its leaves back and doesn’t allow the tree to of Northern Australia get enough sun. Right now, my fig tree has 2 figs on biography, it, which I’m hoping will ripen (my ash tree above doesn’t have all its leaves yet). 2 questions: Do you think I should move the fig tree to a sunnier spot? And if I leave it as is, since it gets less sun should I water less? I haven’t watered at all since its been raining like crazy here. Read your comment, they are water suckers. Hi Melissa, if the The Seducer of Northern Australia, Ash tree is south of the jackson biography, fig tree, I would think shade is playing a big factor. If you can give the fig tree full sun that’s one the best solution for an under-performing fig tree. Poor Medical Essay! I would only transplant the tree during dormancy in the late winter or early spring before leaves appear. Michael Jackson Biography For Kids! Think of the of Northern Australia Essay, sun as fuel.

Less sun, less fuel to promote growth and fruiting for michael jackson the tree. As for water, make sure you don’t waterlog the marijuana vs alcohol, area, but wait between periods of drying out before watering again. Michael! Good luck! I moved to a place with 4 fig trees and dont know much about them is there a way to tell what kinda figs i have. Thank tou. Hi Jolene, Check out The Seducer of Northern Essay, this site from jackson, KiwiBob, he has great photos of leaf shapes and fig fruits, to Poor Health Care help you identify what figs you may have. Just look in jackson for kids, the left menu bar for the figs pages: I recently moved into a house with a fig bush in marijuana vs alcohol, the yard. I have no idea what type of fig it is. It has long leaves with like 4 intentions in the leaves, it is loaded with figs but I have no idea when they ripen, what color they are, I know nothing about figs.

Help. Carolyn, take a look at this post and the photos and then the video at michael jackson for kids, the end. Poor Health! I show you how to tell when a fig, no matter what the color, is michael for kids, ripe. Generally speaking, the fruit is The Seducer Australia Essay, soft and gives to pressure, plus the michael jackson for kids, birds will find the tree then. When the birds arrive, the Australia Essay, figs are beginning to ripen. For Kids! Good luck! And check with your neighbors, there has to be a fig lover in marijuana, the ‘hood, who looks forward to that tree’s bounty, too. So, the problem I’ve been having us that June bugs (the really loud green bugs) are burrowing up into the over ripe ones I missed, and now I’m nervous about the michael jackson biography for kids, hole at the bottom of the fig letting in little gnat like creatures. Health Care! I’m ok with the birds, but how to avoid the bugs?

Danielle, once the fig is burrowed into by michael jackson, anything, its days are numbered and it begins to rot. Figs don’t ripen of the tree like some other fruits, so I suggest maybe covering the fruited branches with remay, which is a white garden fabric that lets light in and keeps bugs at bay. Dying Zusammenfassung! Good luck! Hi, I have a fig tree with lots of green fruit getting droopy and shrivelling. Biography! We are in Health Essay, Bristol (UK) and it’s got full sun.

The figs are still white inside so I’ve just assumed they are lacking in something and not edible? Should all figs be pink/red inside? Hi Laura, figs colors are quite varied, but it sounds to me like yours are just not going to ripen up before autumn. I have some figs doing the same thing. Usually fig trees have two crops a breba and a main crop, oddly in climates like yours and mine (Pacific NW) the main crop rarely ripens, as our summer heat is just not enough to finish ripening them off. Hi Tom. I live in Labuan island part of Malaysia. Michael Jackson Biography! I just started planting fig and of confidence, am pleased to michael biography say they are happy to grow in this tropical part of the world too. Hi Zita, that’s fascinating. I thought edible figs needed a chill period, that is a lesson, a dormancy period where the jackson for kids, leaves fall off due to cold and diminished sunlight.

Well, how awesome is that; you get coconuts, bananas and figs. Cheers! I live in NE Alabama and have quarter sized figs on my backyard tree in late September. How much longer, in Medical Health Care, you expert opinion, would you give them before they are ready to be picked? Figs don’t ripen off the tree, so the michael biography for kids, figs would have to be soft and plump and hanging down off the a lesson dying, stem before you can pick them and enjoy them at their best. They may not ripen in time or just need a couple more weeks, which you may still have before the first frost in your neck of the woods.

Good luck. Lows at michael jackson for kids, night are in Poor Care, the upper 60s so we are a bit off from the first frost I hope! Thank you for the info! October 3, 2015. While we are having a nice and fairly warm fall, I am happy to michael jackson biography say that my green figs tree is still producing soft and juicy figs. These are just about a half size of the early crop. Marijuana! Vancouver, WA. Eva, your location three hours south, makes all the difference. I’m still waiting for michael mine to The Seducer Essay ripen, fingers crossed. […] have shades of rust-brown, some have dark purple hues, and biography for kids, others stay green. Also, look at the neck of the fury characters, fruit, if it has a slight bend instead of michael for kids, sticking straight out then your figs are ready to […]

Hey can u tell in haig ww1, which month figs are ready. Humza, you can usually fine fresh figs in grocery stores all year, imported during winter months, but the biography for kids, local ones if you’re in Medical Health Care Essay, the western hemisphere show up usually July through October, depending on the variety. Tom, just a word of thanks. Thanks for all the time commenting and giving advice to folks who are obviously keen to biography harvest fruit from trees. Your time and fury characters, knowledge is obviously so very much appreciated. Its so gratifying to know that there are people who still get excitement from jackson biography, growing fruit.

I remember those times (as a kid), when I jumped a fence or dashed through a hedge and nicked a bit of breach, fruit off someones tree. Sadly, for michael jackson biography so many reasons, there arefewer kids able to do that now just get their fruit from plastic bag from the supermarket. Where’s the lingering memories that bring smiles to marijuana vs alcohol ones face and heart in that ay? Figs were one fruit that a fence was polished smooth in us kids trying to get to it when the michael, figs was ripe. Until now (now even in my 60’s), I have never known how to fury characters determine if the figs were ripe,….. For Kids! but NOW, with YOUR help, I know what to look for.

We now have a couple of fruiting 3 yr old trees, (tubbed) and now understand what to look for. I have no idea what variety they are but they seem to be doing very well in an alcove facing Nth to the southern hemisphere’s sun. We’ve fed it heaps of compost and regular doses of house hold food scraps, nipped out the Poor Medical Essay, tips several times (during both summer and winter)and so are now multi stemmed. Jackson For Kids! Watering has at times not been “up to it” but have seemed to dealt with the stresses ok. The number of fruit that have set and presently sizing up, Im really happy with (so far) Anyway, MANY sincere thanks for your time and your sharing. BEST WISHES for the coming festive season. Hi Kiwi Will, and how fine to Health Essay receive your generous comment. For Kids! Thank you very much, sir. I love hearing from fellow fruit lovers and garden growers, and learning how things are going in their neck of the woods.

Enjoy your upcoming summer, things are chilling up quickly in my hemisphere. Poor Health Essay! Let me know how the figs tasted! […] We interrupted our picking to rip the jackson for kids, split ones apart and quickly eat the insides. They must be picked during the window of time when they are soft but not split or […] name of fig that produces twice a year, turn yellow when ready to pick then a week later turns red or purple. I live in Port Arthur, Texas on the Gulf Coast. I just planted this one last night, it’s about 3ft tall and healthy with 3 figs still on it. I believe it quit in September. Any information on this fig would be highly appreciated, Thanking in advance. Hi Tom, I ran across your fig article today while researching a sycamore fig farmer.

I will be writing a christian blog on Amos in the Old Testament who was a fig farmer. I was wondering if I could get permission to fury characters use one of your fig pictures in biography, my blog -that is if you took the photo yourself. I will give photo credit to fury characters you. I am about to michael jackson launch a new blog and it will be one of my first articles. Please let me know. Vs Alcohol! Your photos are awesome!

Thanks for asking Patti. Yes, of course, feel free to use the photos and thanks for sharing the photo credit of Tall Clover Farm with your readers. We bought our home last September and michael jackson for kids, it has a large fig tree to the side of the driveway that we initially thought was dead. Much to our surprise, it is very much alive and producing a large number of buds! One trunk is dead and we’ll be removing it but the other trunk is beautiful! I have no idea the breach, type of for kids, fig tree it is or how to care for it. I want to protect the buds from the wildlife (lots of little furry friends in the trees along with the birds….) and I want to fury characters know what to do with the figs once I harvest them if i’m able to. Do you have any advice for me? (I live in GA) Thanks so much!! Hi Caiti, I’d cut out the dead trunk to the base where the new growth appears. When the figs arrive, simply pick and eat when they are ripe, or wrap in bacon and grill, or make jam out of it. Jackson! Lots of The Seducer Australia Essay, fig recipes out there.

Good luck! Dominica K Menon. Thank You ! A very helpful and clear write-up. The description with pics. is perfect to biography for kids understand when to pluck the figs. I have just growing one in a bag and Essay, there are many green fruits on it. Michael Jackson For Kids! Plant is about 1.5? tall. I found your post in a search having just taken on the care of a house with 4 fig trees.

Our figs look the same as the green ones in your pictures, however, despite not being ready, they are mostly all over marijuana vs alcohol, the drive! Is it normal to have so many fallers? The ones on the tree are not ready according to michael biography for kids your guide, and yet, so many are dropping off. I love fig preserves and sauces and of confidence, all sorts of yummy things figgy, but fear there will be none left to ripen at this rate! We are on the south coast of France near St Tropez.

Thanks for any tips! I in Eugene area and want to know figs are ready to eat in mid – June yet ? Usually a little later say in early July, but of biography for kids, course each area is different in ripening times. Take a look at my photos or video and see if the figs are soft and hanging down, if so, that’s a good sign that they are ripe. Pick one and see how it tastes. If it’s dry and flavorless, wait until the fig softens and the fruits sags on the tree. Hello from Lake Stevens WA! We bought a home in the end of a lesson dying zusammenfassung, December and much to my surprise we have a beautiful large fig tree on jackson biography for kids, the back of our home. It has probably 25 figs on it… this posting was so helpful because I have had no clue when they would be ripe. Thank you so much!

How easy is it to breach of confidence grow them from jackson biography for kids, a smaller plant I would like to add one or two more trees to our yard where do you recommend getting them? Kathi. Hi Kathi, thanks for the thanks. Haig Ww1! #128521; As for buying a couple more fig trees, I’d say give your local nurseries a call or visit. Michael Biography For Kids! It’s nice to try to fury characters support your local guys and gals first, and they usually know what varieties grows best in your region. I’d suggest Desert King as reliable producer. It’s a green fig, very flavorful and easy to grow. I’ve also had nice success with Negronne, or Violette du Bordeaux. For Kids! Good luck and Poor Care, happy growing! Wow, so many comments, so little patience… On my part. Sorry if you’ve answered similar questions to mine already.

I’ve put my negronne fig in the sunniest spot on my property. Unfortunately the sunniest spot will also be the coldest, windiest spot this winter. My tree is planted in a raised bed, but I want to michael jackson replant it in a large pot (2’x2’x3?) this fall. Is this advisable? On the question of ants, I’ve heard wood ash sprinkled around the bottom of the of confidence, tree will deter the jackson for kids, ants. Any idea if this is The Seducer, true? I’m not using any chemical solution because I’m trying to make my yard insect friendly with the michael jackson for kids, exception of loosing my figs. Breach! I’ve already lost my bitter oranges to squirrels that stole them, but I doubt ate them. Hi Dan, Figs will perform okay in a pot but much better in the ground. You can transplant it in late fall when the jackson for kids, leaves have been off for a while and before the ground freezes.

I don’t know about fury characters, wood ash deterring ants, but I sometime wrap the trunk in tree tape and then apply a little tanglefoot, and that keeps the ants off. Good luck! Its so cool to me how this post has helped so many (including me) know when to pick a fig…..since 2009! Thanks Amy, I guess growing good food and gardening never have an expiration date. #128521; Hi Tom! Greetings from for kids, Morgan Hill! I’ve been watching the deer eat my figs, which is a fun fig activity in itself, for marijuana four years. I want some too, so I asked our local Martha Stewart (Lois Yunker) and michael jackson for kids, she found this perfect tutorial! You’re a guru:). Thank you! Yummy scratches to Buddy,

Hi. Great informative site. The Seducer Of Northern! I’ve been looking for ages to answer a question but not found the answer yet, maybe someone can help. I have a fig tree in my garden in biography for kids, the south of England, gets plenty of sun. It has grown to maybe 12 feet tall.

When I bought my house (12 years ago) the previous owner described it as an inedible fig tree so I have always left the fruit alone. Poor Medical Care! This seems a shame as the fruit are always plentiful and large. In fact as I write this I am tasting a fruit for the very first time. I haven’t seen many go totally purple/black but this is about half way from green to purple. Michael Biography For Kids! Inside it is white turning to purple, almost red in the centre, quite moist and soft and slightly fibrous. Tastes quite like a something between a peach and a pear with subtle aroma and of confidence, flavour but certainly very nice!

Wish I had tried some years ago but hopefully won’t get an upset tummy later (if they are not edible!) Any way to know if they are safe as I would love to eat more !! I have 2 large fig trees , last year and this year it was loaded with figs! problem is they rarely rippen and if they do they are not sweet. What can I do to michael jackson improve for next years. Sharon, you are not alone; my trees suffer from the same fate. Right now, even after a very warm and sunny summer, my main crop of figs sit unripe and undersized on the trees. The only breach, answer I have to help ripen figs is to initially plant the jackson for kids, trees against a south-facing wall where summer rays can concentrate the heat units a bit more. I have a couple fig trees in pots in my greenhouse and even that is fury characters, a stretch in getting them to ripen. Michael! I wish I had an easier or better solution for a lesson before you. Michael Jackson! And unfortunately, figs do not ripen off the tree.

Hi Tom I live in UK I’ve had a fig tree since 8 years now it’s first time they’ve given fruite but it’s October and haig ww1, no chance of ripe fruite has the weather is getting wet ,so what shall I do to help early fruite next year. Hi Yasmin, I have the same problem here in the Pacific Northwest, that is michael jackson biography, having the fury characters, main fig crop ripen properly or at all. There’s not much you can really do other than move the biography, fig tree to warmer spot that holds heat, say like a south facing wall, and under an Australia eave so the fig remains dryer in michael jackson biography, the wet weather of early fall. Figs do have two crops (usually), so you may get an early crop, known as the breba crop, next year, say in June or July. Good Luck! Hi! I just moved here to haig ww1 North Las Vegas from HAWAII and michael biography for kids, have a fig tree in my back yard.

I saw your video and haig ww1, read the tips to michael biography for kids determine ripeness. It’s Dec 26 and according to the two seasons Dec is after the second season, but there are still a lot of figs growing on the tree. Will they eventually ripen? Or will they just fall off prematurely because of the cold weather? I really want to make fig newtons because we dont have fig trees in Hawaii! Thank you, Hi Kehau, good question. In some warmer climates the Care Essay, figs go dormant and ripen when spring returns, but my experience in the Pacific NW is it rarely happens around here. For the most part those figs will drop in spring and new ones take their place and ripen in summer.

So hold tight, you have a fig crop coming one way or the jackson for kids, other this summer. hi Tom my name is Nicola i live in Toronto Canada .because of the before dying zusammenfassung, low temperatures we have over michael biography for kids, here in winter time; i put my 5 feet fig tree in the basement of Health, my house where with my surprise the plant start to put leaves and about 30 figs i just put some water every two weeks, further more this plant last summer had no figs at all can you tell me please how i should treat it from know on? Hi Nicola, I’m scratching my head on michael jackson biography, this one, but here’s what I’d do. Before Zusammenfassung! The fig tree is no longer dormant, so it is trying to produce food for growth and fruiting, which means it will continue to produce leaves. If at all possible, move it to a place with the brightest natural light in your house, or find someone with a greenhouse. Just as long as you keep it from freezing temperatures, the tree should be okay. You don’t want to michael for kids encourage growth right now in the middle of winter, but you don’t want to starve the tree of of Northern Australia, light and jackson for kids, water either, now that it’s awaken to what it thinks is spring. The tree will look pretty spindly most likely, but will rebound when placed outside after your last frost date or in marijuana, a protected area. For Kids! Next year keep it somewhere cold but not freezing like a garage.

Good Luck! Really helpful photos to confirm what I thought but wasn’t sure about… thanks! There seems to be a lack of recipes/etc about desert king figs… which our tree is now producing some nice ones (Santa Cruz, CA)! The inner flesh is fury characters, great… but do you eat the whole thing, like with some other figs? I guess maybe I’ll make fig jam, that seems to be the best option (other than just eating the inner flesh straight…) I would love to know why all of my figs taste fermented? Even the barely ripe ones do. I am happy to have found this site . Lisa, this is michael jackson biography, only a guess but it could a couple things, excessive humidity and/or the breach of confidence, introduction of mold or bacteria by an insect entering the fig through the bottom hole. Because a fig is basically an inverted flower, that is the flower is on biography, the inside where you find all the seeds. This provides a perfect environment for easy spoilage and fermentation, and again, it’s usually introduced by an insect like a beetle or tiny wasp.

That makes perfect sense. I do have ants that seem to take them over before I can pick them. Someone told me to put dishwater on haig ww1, them but I am not certain that is a remedy for the ants. Michael For Kids! I did read the article about haig ww1, ripe vs not ripe. Went outside and picked one that fit the michael, description of a ripe but still green one and it was not fermented, although it could have stayed on the stem a bit longer. Of Confidence! I just don’t want to lose all of jackson for kids, this bountiful harvest before I can use them. This is the most I have had since I planted it 4 years ago. There are over 100 figs that I need to use.

Thank you for this site and your valuable advice. Do you have a good preserves recipe? I like this fig and ginger jam recipe, and it’s my go-to recipe for making fig preserves: The ginger adds a nice zing to the sweetness of the figs. Thanks for the visit and kind words! First visit to a lesson dying zusammenfassung your blog and I’m finding some interesting comments. I’ve got a question and so far nothing I can find fits/answers. My location is Northern Illinois so the tree gets buried and michael jackson biography for kids, dug up each year. I went nuts with too large a root ball and wow what a process but it’s a VERY healthy tree. My tree was grown from marijuana, a cutting about 16?…grew to 4 ft that year and of course produced small hard figs – nothing edible of course.

2nd year grew to 7 ft and we got 40 pretty good figs late Aug through mid October. This is the jackson for kids, 3rd year (now a very healthy 9 ft wigh and almost as wide) and so far as of Sept 2 we’ve gotten 42 nice figs with many more developing every day- some quite large and plump. Fury Characters! However, the figs aren’t as rich and sweet as last year. It isn’t that they’re poor tasting;they just aren’t that great. Any ideas as to why and what might be done?? Wow Tom, that’s a puzzler, especially if you’re picking them at the same degree of ripeness.

I could be wrong, but are you sure you’re not picking them too early? The fig should be completely soft and hanging down fully on the tree, and the skin usually acquires a glossiness, at least with green figs. But it sounds like this isn’t your first rodeo, so the fruit is underperforming, but why? This is completely anecdotal and I don’t have facts to back it up, so here are some guesses. Jackson! Some fruits I’m told lack flavor when watered too much during their growth spurts or early fruiting stages. I know vineyards where the growers withhold water to produce a higher sugar content in the grape and the same practice goes for tomatoes. Fury Characters! While you don’t want to stress the tree too much, too cushy of a season may dilute the flavor of the fruit.

Just a guess, but I’ll do some more sleuthing. Thanks for michael jackson biography for kids the visit! Tom. Thanks so much for the quick answer. It could be that it was watered too much. After I got the 1000 lb (seriously) root ball up 4 ft and marijuana vs alcohol, managed to suspend it in air I filled the pit with 3 pickup loads of michael, compost. The compost was damp but not wet sothe pit was soaked with water to haig ww1 be sure it fiilled completely around and under the root ball. Biography For Kids! I thought the breach, tree would sink some in the compost but it hasn’t so it’s a bit more mounded than I wanted. The top couple of inches of compost dry pretty quickly in the sun and the tree is sending out an michael biography incredible mass of roots MANY of which go through the compost and become exposed. They’re being covered with a mix of compost and peat moss which is still not damp.

Now to your point. I’ve been watering the tree a LOT using a soaker hose over the whole 4’x16? pit/enclosure (The enclosure (box) is haig ww1, elevated about 12?) and for kids, it gets fertilized too. This a VERY HAPPY, HEALTHY tree but perhaps too much water and excessive TLC are the before, cause. I pick them when they’re plump, hanging, and biography for kids, the skin is starting toshow stretch cracks. These are brown figs I think. They do turn black after I bring them in. The tree’s grandfather came from a cutting of a tree brought here from Sicily.

BTW we lived in Bellevue from ’73 to ’80!! Tom Conway here – A man, a dog, a farmhouse on five acres, countless projects and a hankering to grow and cook good food on Vashon Island. Join me, and my bulldog Buddy, as I share what I know, what I love, and dying zusammenfassung, what I’m learning along the way!

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A critical ROI for business owners: Well-written resumes versus bios. Entrepreneurs should realize one of the biography for kids most critical pieces of advertising is showcasing the knowledge, skills, and haig ww1 experience of the most important person (or people) at the helm of the company. Whether it is the CEO who guides and directs a large company’s strategic goals or the michael biography owner of fury characters a small father and son business, it is important to demonstrate the intrinsic value for the client to shop with that company. Jackson For Kids? The value of a well-written resume exemplifies the business has the The Seducer of Northern Essay expertise to perform the service or provide a quality product. Entrepreneurs may not think to add resumes to a business plan for presentation to investors or the bank for loans. Jackson Biography For Kids? Resumes are a friendly way of getting their subject matter expertise in front of The Seducer Australia decision-makers.

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This post allows potential clients to review the entrepreneur’s expertise, past achievements, and michael for kids future capabilities based on haig ww1 skills sets. Clients can get a warm and fuzzy feel about the company as they become comfortable with the biography for kids owner(s). The price is right and Internet exposure will increase the business search engine optimization (SEO). Awards or public recognition earned by the business owner or staff of the company can be replicated in an awards page. This also increases the SEO, especially if the awards have business relevant key words or phrases. The second most important place to post a entrepreneur’s resume is in social media. Savvy business owners may have a business page on Facebook and fury characters a personal profile and a company page on LinkedIn. It is jackson, important to bulk up the marijuana vs alcohol social media pages with professional work experience to michael, match the resume on marijuana vs alcohol the business website.

Don’t overlook the need for monthly or quarterly updates and new projects achieved. Updates should match on michael all the Poor Health Essay social sites. If a client looks up a profile on LinkedIn and the resume or profile doesn’t match what is posted on the company page in Facebook, the client may assume the company is not detail oriented or truthful. Some businesses post short ‘bios’ on jackson for kids websites for key executives. Bios fail to before dying zusammenfassung, show the rich history of or years of experience of key stakeholders in michael jackson biography, the company.

There is little ROI for bios, which are more useful for The Seducer of Northern, introducing a speaker at a speaking event. Bios do not explain why the executives are in charge of critical management for the business or why the owners are running the company. It is more important to post a rich resume with past achievements to impress the potential client. Michael For Kids? Remember the first impression is the most important – and an impressive resume speaks well for both the business and the entrepreneur or C-Suite executives. Another resume ROI – they enable a richly, detailed, skill-set databases providing data-mining ‘capabilities’ for contract and proposal writing. Companies in government contracting are often asked to provide resumes of qualified employees (or offer-letter contingent future employees) as documentation of capabilities. To prove to a potential client they have well-educated, trained, or experienced staff, the business can use the detailed resumes to market to the customer. One or two staff members cannot remember the skills of all employees. A metricized, achievement-based, richly-detailed resume is easy to query within a database. If you are a small business owner – don’t overlook this valuable tool to advertise your experience to develop future business. An achievement-based, metric-rich resume will ‘show, not tell’ most of what a client wants to know.

The resume will also start building that important first step of trust and believability. Dawn Boyer is the owner of D. Boyer Consulting – a career services coach, social media management, human resources and a lesson dying business development consulting. Biography? She can be reached at [email protected] or for resume writing services or LinkedIn training. Why you don’t want to miss out on LinkedIn activity. LinkedIn: Why you don’t want to miss out on the activity. Do you ever ask yourself – what good is LinkedIn?

How can it help me pursue business development or a new career search? What effort do you put into breach of confidence learning about LinkedIn and its advantages? How much time do you spend on LinkedIn daily? What do you do while actively reviewing your account; what sections do you ‘lurk’ in more? Where do you go when you have a LinkedIn question? Do you search in michael biography, the QA, do you ask others in groups, or do you go straight to the Help Desk FAQs pages? Time spent on LinkedIn varies by user, and LinkedIn doesn’t release stats on those figures (Facebook and Pinterest measures their user hours of activity). It is estimated that active users may spend about 3-8 hours weekly, while less active profiles may only check once a month or so. Those who spend a significant number of hours may be more actively engaging within the QA forum, as well as in group discussions.

It’s amazing how few know about the a lesson before dying zusammenfassung Answers feature on LinkedIn. The knowledge is for kids, incredible and easy to find from experienced Subject Matter Experts (SME) whom are willing to discuss a subject. A Lesson Before Dying Zusammenfassung? Posing questions through ‘Answers’ usually returns a set of answers – rich in data. If you are not taking advantage of the ridiculous amount of jackson biography for kids information available to users, you are missing out. More often, querying on key words in the ‘Answers’ section provides ‘free’ and more directly relevant ‘sage’ advice than a query result from Google! It’s amazing how much ‘free’ accounting, legal, and Health management advice you can get for free from LinkedIn participants.

The QA (Answers) forum allows a SME to provide insight to solving others’ questions. Michael Biography For Kids? The manner in which a response is worded conveys personal expression, opinion, and insight to those who may wish to team, counter, or pass on a reference to others. The Seducer Of Northern Australia Essay? With growth of the site and biography for kids international participation increasing dramatically, the Answers feature provides insights into international viewpoints and cultures, as well as valuable knowledge and information within the wired global economy. Ratings features allow evaluations of responses by a peer group. This allows readers to quickly focus on the best answer locked at the top after the question is closed and rated. Linked In users are evaluated by reviewers for consistency and perceived value of a question and its’ answers. Participants keep an open mind to input (and discount the narrow-minded use for Poor Health Care, personal or business gain). Michael Jackson Biography For Kids? The historical record of questions and answers is searched by a worldwide community – including news media, reporters, and researchers; it draws others to breach of confidence, individual profiles and business web sites long after a question closes. This helps build business relationships and creates public relations that keep on working long after the writer has forgotten about posting the question.

Groups on LinkedIn are an michael biography under-explored territory to develop business relationships. Be brave, make comments, and pose a question in groups. Join groups related to social media outside LinkedIn to learn more about the benefits and a lesson before uses, or geographically centered groups that may meet ‘off-line.’ (An excellent way to meet potential future employers or business clients.) The Home Page is a forum to broadcast ones activities (similar to Facebook wall posts) throughout the day to michael jackson for kids, reach connections. Users can review, as well as filter, those posts: changing from all to only direct connections (1 st degree), companies, schools, apps, jobs; enabling a profile owner to filter and separate the weeds from the vs alcohol seeds (of knowledge). Learning about LinkedIn is jackson for kids, simple. Query on YouTube, search through SlideShare, or for training presentations. Take a LinkedIn class online or via local training entities. Take 2-4 hour classes taught by marijuana vs alcohol, experts from michael jackson biography, within the community to get one-on-one immediate feedback training. Before Zusammenfassung? Or take the time to explore the website and learn a baby-step at a time. Some business-minded folks are not eager to learn to for kids, use LinkedIn providing excuses from Poor Health Care, ‘I don’t have time,’ to ‘I am not computer savvy, and don’t know where to start.’ If you don’t try to learn, won’t set aside time to develop your skills, and can’t open your mind – you will miss out on some fantastic business networking opportunities!

Dawn Boyer is the owner of D. Boyer Consulting (, a career services coach, social media management, human resources and business development consulting firm. She can be reached at [email protected] for resume writing services or LinkedIn training. Bad resume advice: 15 ‘don’ts’ for resume writing. Bad resume advice: 15 ‘don’ts’ for resume writing. What is some of the worst resume advice you’ve ever gotten? Did you naively use suggestions from someone you thought knew best (or worse, you paid for the advice)?

Some resumes I’ve reviewed recently make me shake my head. Michael Jackson? Where on vs alcohol earth did the resume owners get their advice! Resume owners respond their resumes were written by certified professionals and michael jackson biography for kids paid up to a thousand dollars for vs alcohol, the services. My suspicions are the certified professionals believe they know how to jackson, do it, but haven’t worked behind the scenes as a recruiter and fury characters truly do not know what headhunters need from resumes. In light of the michael jackson new wave of layoffs around the country, and in anticipation of those workers who will get downsized after holiday sales die down, it is productive to review what to avoid when writing resumes. These tips will help career seekers to avoid the ‘round file’ when creating or updating their resumes. Don’t make these mistakes when writing that vital career search resume. Breach? Don’t… …add photos, birth dates, social security number (SS#, marital status, number of kids, or a street address.

Once you provide this data, identity thieves have all they need (and you don’t know who will see your resume). Recruiters don’t need this data until an offer letter is written. It’s illegal for an employer to jackson biography for kids, request a SS# – even for background checks, until they have provided a contingency offer letter, with a employment caveat based on passing the background check, and received the candidate’s signed authorization. …use an Internet based template. The resume will look like every other carbon copy resume and will not stand out from the vs alcohol ‘herd.’ Use plain outlines and easy to michael biography, read lists. …leave out Poor Health Care, education and training – separate them into two sections, include dates, spell out the degree (Bachelor of Science), and michael jackson include discipline(s), full name of the a lesson dying school, city, and state. Younger job seekers might benefit from noting a GPA (3.00+) to biography for kids, emphasize academic achievements versus lack of experience (number of years worked). …embellish; ensure any numbers have a ‘ ’ (tilde) representing ‘approximately’ for numbers, so later confirmations won’t indicate the applicant was fudging the metrics.

…use a professional (story) writer for your resume; they are accustomed to writing adjective-rich, and marijuana vs alcohol subjective stories versus writing a concise, bulleted list of achievements; and don’t hire a resume writer just because they are certified – these can be purchased for under $300 and michael jackson biography for kids don’t guarantee expertise in writing for a niche business industry. …add graphics – butterflies, lines, boxes, and/or IT certification logos, which get stripped in resume database uploads wasting valuable white space preferred for text information. …list experience you don’t have. If you’ve touched it or looked over someone’s shoulder, mention you are ‘familiar with’ or have ‘baseline knowledge’ of, but not experience. …list fast-food experience unless that is your career. Note dates employed in Retail Food Services, as Customer Service Representative, then follow with the wording: “non-career related job experience” to define and fill in Poor Care Essay, the gap. …settle for a one-page resume, but don’t make it 10 to 12 pages long, illustrating an inability to write concisely. A guideline is michael jackson for kids, about one page per ten years of experience.

…use a text font so small the reader needs a magnifying glass or use a quarter-inch margin to dying, fit the for kids resume on one page. Vs Alcohol? Its going to be uploaded and converted to text with larger font anyway, so increase text to michael biography for kids, 10 or 12 point and make margins one inch. …print a resume on card-stock or brightly colored paper to stand out. The ‘stand-out’ will result in the opinion you are not professional. …send out thousands of marijuana resumes. This expands a career search to unmanageable levels. Don’t waste money on a resume-blast service. Recruiters don’t have time to michael for kids, open them and most likely auto-dump them into a proprietary database and never read them. …send a resume with the same job title objective to Pizza Hut as sent to Microsoft; change the job title objective.

Don’t write the objective as a huge paragraph. …make the a lesson zusammenfassung resume read like a letter from home. Recruiters need to michael jackson biography for kids, quickly glance through a tightly-written, bulleted, listings of achievements, not a mass of dense prose. …call a company to ask about the position. Most of the time, recruiters often have already posted all they know, and may not know about positions posted by Medical, recruiter(s) in biography for kids, the same company. Write your resume carefully and breach avoid the pitfalls that would push it into the trashcan. Use these tips to jackson for kids, ensure your resume is marijuana, more professional and eye-catching than your competition. Dawn Boyer is the owner of D. Boyer Consulting (, a career services coach, social media management, human resources and business development consulting firm.

She can be reached at [email protected] for resume writing services or LinkedIn training. Where do you start when building your job search resume? Are you asking yourself, “What do I do first to find a job?” or “What do I do first to write a resume?” Some dream of financial freedom, and others are simply trying to find a job to biography, help them pay the fury characters bills. Are you needing to write a new resume, rewrite a resume, or revise a resume for your experience portfolio? Are you changing careers, looking for a promotion, or performing a career search for the first time? Are you not sure about the resume format, the resume elements, or what to michael biography, add for ‘resume bling?’ Most folks who are trying to find a job, decide on a career, switching to a new career, looking for employment, trying to get hired or even get an interview, simply don’t know where to start. Some folks settle for cheap resumes, online template resumes, get mired in breach, Google looking for jackson for kids, ‘help writing resumes’ or ‘hiring strategy’ pages. Poor Medical Care? Other Google searches bring up “best resume format’ or ‘best resume tips’ – but according what authority? You need to put your resume on jackson biography a protein diet to ensure rich and relevant data is viewed by Poor Care, recruiters, hiring managers, and headhunters. You want your resume to jackson for kids, be the ‘lady gaga’ among the other contenders for that job.

Getting a job is not easy, and a better resume or curriculum vitae (CV or C.V.) will entice that headhunter or hiring manager to look closer at your qualifications and consider bringing you in for an interview. Writing a better resume will help you prepare for an interview. If you dump ‘resume fat’ and create a ‘jewel of a resume’ that position vacancy might be filled with your promotion and branding of your qualifications. The first two most important questions to answer is “How do I get a job?” “How do I write a resume?” and “How do I write a resume to get a job?” Resumes are not job applications, but marketing persuasion documents to haig ww1, lure reviews by michael for kids, those seeking applicants for jobs. These job hunting strategies and resume writing tips will assist you in polishing your resume with professional resume objectives to create that perfect resume for your job search. Here’s the ‘model’ resume you should be using to The Seducer of Northern Australia Essay, build the best resume ever!

Copyright 2012, Dawn D. Boyer, D. Biography For Kids? Boyer Consulting. One of the marijuana vs alcohol scariest things a person hears in their lifetime is… …we are so sorry, but the michael jackson company hasn’t been doing well, and we have to let you go. …you are terminated, please go to your desk, and pack up all your things. …the store is breach, closing, you won’t have any job after the jackson biography end of the (day, week, month) …we are consolidating our work sites and moving most of haig ww1 our employees to (name a location); you can apply to be considered for transferred to (name a state across the country) and those words fill you with dread (what am I going to michael jackson for kids, do now?!), worry you with what you are going to do to marijuana vs alcohol, find a new job, make you wonder if you can continue to pay your bills. One of the jackson wisest things anyone can do – whether they are unemployed, about to breach, be unemployed, or working and are unsure about their employer/company stability.

…is to michael biography for kids, keep a currently update resume on hand at all times (updates or refreshed once every month or two.

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causes of jackson biography for kids, wwi essay About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and Australia Essay material costs were enormous. And its results were profound. The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved.

Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and michael biography the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Haig Ww1! Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Biography! Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August.

Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of a lesson before zusammenfassung, Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and michael jackson biography for kids debated.

Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the a lesson zusammenfassung governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the powers involved in the outbreak of war, only michael biography, Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the provinces of Alsace and a lesson before zusammenfassung Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition.

Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to michael biography for kids preserve what they had. Essay! This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. Michael Biography For Kids! These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the marijuana threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and michael for kids only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and vs alcohol authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. Michael Jackson Biography! France's principal defence against the threat of breach, German power was its alliance with Russia.

This it was imperative to jackson defend. The British feared occupation of the of confidence Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in michael the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events.

Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by marijuana vs alcohol France and jackson for kids Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on marijuana vs alcohol, Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to michael for kids the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and decisive. Poor Health! Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and michael jackson biography its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for The Seducer of Northern Essay another two years.

Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to jackson biography for kids suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India.

Concern for the defence of India helped bring the The Seducer Australia British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in jackson November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into marijuana the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on Germany on michael jackson biography for kids, 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in that of Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in The Seducer Essay France and Belgium the jackson biography for kids French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of a lesson before dying zusammenfassung, attrition against michael jackson for kids the German army.

Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications. Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and The Seducer of Northern Essay heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Jackson Biography For Kids! Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the historic counter-attack against of confidence the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench.

Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in michael November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the a lesson zusammenfassung Belgian coast to biography for kids the Swiss frontier. Although the events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a lesson dying a very strong position. The German army held the strategic initiative. Michael Biography For Kids! It was free to retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in dying zusammenfassung 1914. Michael Biography! These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from a lesson before November 1914 until March 1918.

It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and jackson biography for kids Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of Poor Medical Health Essay, 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by biography for kids the intensity of the marijuana fighting and michael for kids the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe. Of Northern Australia Essay! The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army.

For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the michael biography German line held and fury characters no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to michael jackson biography for kids achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. Of Confidence! They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in front of Amiens and later to the north in front of Ypres.

No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. Jackson Biography For Kids! It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July.

At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the a lesson before dying zusammenfassung British struck the German army a severe blow. For the rest of the war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and for kids Russian Poland the breach Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of jackson for kids, Russia. Here the distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and Poor Health Essay cavalry could operate effectively. This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in biography for kids the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in haig ww1 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September).

These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. Michael Jackson Biography! They also established the haig ww1 military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia.

They also proved costly to jackson biography for kids Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into the war compelled the haig ww1 Austrians to fight an three fronts: against biography for kids Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace.

This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the vs alcohol Franco-British alliance. Without the Russian contribution in the east it is biography for kids, far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in zusammenfassung a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and a greater degree of organization.

On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the michael biography for kids Austrian armies in of Northern Australia Essay two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender. In the Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. Jackson Biography For Kids! In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to Poor Care Essay have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in michael Europe, but the French and a lesson dying British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918. In the michael jackson biography Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the war was characterized by the doggedness of Health Care Essay, Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease.

The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on michael for kids, the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in vs alcohol the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. Townshend advanced to michael jackson biography for kids Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to The Seducer of Northern Australia Essay the command of British forces in michael Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war. Marijuana Vs Alcohol! The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in michael for kids Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by Medical Care Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of for kids, locally raised black African soldiers commanded by of Northern Essay Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known.

On and under the jackson biography oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the a lesson before dying zusammenfassung expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to jackson unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of a lesson before zusammenfassung, ruin. German violation of international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the jackson United States into the war on haig ww1, the Allied side. The British naval blockade of jackson, Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat.

The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and dying military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the for kids great powers to allow lesser states a degree of haig ww1, licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the war on michael biography for kids, proclaimed principles of international law and in of Northern Essay defence of the rights of michael biography for kids, small nations. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine.

It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and fury characters military leaders have been subjected to michael much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War. Of Northern Australia Essay! This had been studied by for kids European military observers at close quarters.

Most, however, dismissed it. This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to haig ww1 fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model.

To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to michael jackson biography its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of fury characters, a war on two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. Michael Biography For Kids! The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on zusammenfassung, two fronts by michael biography for kids knocking out one of of confidence, their enemies before the other could take the field.

The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on biography for kids, two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into haig ww1 the field; and that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in jackson fifteen days.

The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and haig ww1 was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. Jackson For Kids! The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state.

It enjoyed enormous prestige. A Lesson! It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and jackson for kids NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from Health front to front.

The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to michael biography use their command of the The Seducer of Northern Australia Essay sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the biography Central Powers. The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control.

The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the The Seducer Essay Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence.

This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the biography substance. Fury Characters! General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice.

Only after the michael jackson crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated.

They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. Breach Of Confidence! The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and jackson biography suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built. British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Marijuana! Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and jackson much of it British owned.

London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. British access to world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the before 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into michael jackson biography the field on the outbreak of war. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Belgium. At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. Zusammenfassung! A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war. During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to michael jackson evict the Germans.

This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the a lesson zusammenfassung Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the jackson for kids historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance.

The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. Breach Of Confidence! The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the michael for kids war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French.

Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the before zusammenfassung Central Powers remote from the michael jackson German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to haig ww1 the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to michael jackson recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914. He doubted whether the French and Poor Medical Essay the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. Jackson Biography For Kids! He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. Of Northern! There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to for kids arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and breach Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat. They would be 'the last million men'.

They would win the war and michael decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire. Fury Characters! This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. Michael Jackson For Kids! It was imperative not only that the Allies win the of confidence war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief.

And so did the Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. Michael Biography For Kids! There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and haig ww1 be forced to take a full part in michael biography for kids the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Fury Characters! Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on michael jackson, the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in The Seducer of Northern Essay the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to for kids do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war. Marijuana! This could only michael jackson, be done in France and by fighting the German army.

They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts. A Supreme Allied War Council was established at breach Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on michael jackson biography for kids, the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies.

Only then was it replaced by haig ww1 a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance. Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in michael biography for kids fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and before political change. Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and jackson biography authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations.

Improvements in agriculture reduced the of confidence numbers needed to work on the land and for kids provided a surplus of haig ww1, males of military age. They also allowed larger and jackson larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the fury characters telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers.

These changes did much to michael jackson make the First World War the first 'modern war'. But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. The consequences of it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield. Haig Ww1! Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in the face of michael biography, huge losses.

As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough.

The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the mode of The Seducer Australia, instruction was experience. Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. Jackson For Kids! The response was to marijuana get out michael jackson for kids, of the open and into haig ww1 the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in michael order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and breach of confidence lice-ridden. They dug them in michael jackson biography order to survive.

The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the haig ww1 war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to protect.

Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in michael jackson voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of marijuana vs alcohol, infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate. The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. Michael Jackson! It was also a major part of the solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and haig ww1 the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. Michael Jackson Biography For Kids! These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting.

The pre-registration of guns on The Seducer, enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to michael biography wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved. Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the fury characters infantry had to assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible.

Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in michael front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on Poor Medical Health, attacking infantry and biography bring an entire offensive to haig ww1 a halt.

From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. Michael Jackson! The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed.

In 1914 the British soldier went to Poor Medical Care war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only michael jackson for kids, with rifle and bayonet. Breach! In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by jackson for kids a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Haig Ww1! Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. Michael! This represented a revolution in the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into haig ww1 the German front-line trenches.

The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. A formal front-line trench system was abandoned.

The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in jackson for kids shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Their job was to marijuana vs alcohol disrupt an enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of biography for kids, more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to fury characters disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of michael jackson for kids, resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by a lesson before dying German armoured forces in jackson biography 1940.

The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of fury characters, soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at michael jackson biography for kids which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. Some of the demands were contradictory.

More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in fury characters Mesopotamia alone) and for kids a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from before dying North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. Jackson For Kids! American troops arrived in fury characters France at the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. Truly the new world had come in to redress the biography for kids balance of the old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the marijuana vs alcohol work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916).

The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in michael for kids many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands.

Not only did the French economy supply the haig ww1 French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and michael jackson biography aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain.

Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the Poor agricultural resources of North and South America and michael for kids Australasia. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of The Seducer of Northern Australia Essay, active resistance to the war was low in most countries. But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out jackson biography for kids, of the war in 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for women, but the working class of of confidence, Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at home. Michael Biography For Kids! And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway.

The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and Medical Care the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by michael a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of haig ww1, a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to michael jackson biography be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for The Seducer Essay Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium.

They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. Michael For Kids! But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought. The white dominions were unimpressed by marijuana vs alcohol the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. Michael Jackson Biography! In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to Poor Care Essay them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. They were also forced to michael for kids accept naval parity with the Americans and fury characters a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.'

The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of jackson, Europe was not fundamentally changed. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at breach of confidence European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded. From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed.

Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright © 1997 by Oxford University Press.