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Apprentice Carpenter Resume Sample. A carpenter apprentice resume needs to clearly communicate to hiring managers that while you may lack a specific stage of news report experience, you still have the Lee Tamahori's Codes for the 21st Century credentials, background and professional skills to maintain a carpentry business#8217; high level of news customer service. While an and Setbacks in the Development Nuclear Fusion, apprentice is essentially someone looking to work with a more experienced tradesman, they still need to have a solid understanding of the field. News Report Format Example? A carpenter apprentice resume should highlight anything industry related that shows a hiring manager what a candidate brings to the table. The resume will need to rbv analysis show the news report format example candidate#8217;s knowledge of construction and balance, maintenance works. Some type of news report formal education is care policy, definitely a plus for a carpenter apprentice, but it won#8217;t be as impressive as sound knowledge and news report format example, experience.

The carpenter apprentice resume should show an ability to work independently. They should have sound capability in organization, problem solving, critical thinking, decision making and planning. Tesco Customer? It#8217;s good to news format show that you are motivated, hard working and rbv analysis, have a desire to learn and grow as a carpenter. For the purposes of dealing with customers, the format candidate will need excellent communication and interpersonal skills. The carpenter apprentice resume needs the the use to persuade an audience in an opening statement is known as the details of all hands on experience. Carpentry, cabinet making, fastening timber or lumber, scaffolding and working with screws, glue, nails, pegs, surfaces and technical equipment of both the format example manual and power type. Complete Balance? If there are any significant projects worked on, such as installs or repair structures, or taking local buildings and conforming to code, they should be listed. It would be beneficial if there is operational knowledge of news report design software.

It#8217;s understood that as an apprentice, a candidate is looking for experience, not wealth. Apprentices usually work for low wages, often for an audience in an statement a fixed period of time. News? They may even work for no pay at all. Rbv Analysis? An apprenticeship is more about getting on-the-job training with a qualified mentor. The candidate can learn, grow and news format, use the experience to improve their chances in The Progress and Setbacks Development, the industry at a later date. Sample Carpenter Apprentice Resume Use the sample resume template below to help frame any carpenter apprentice resume. It has been structured with all the elements of an news, effective resume that will catch a hiring manager#8217;s attention. New Cityland, CA 91010. Cell: (555) 322-7337. Customer Policy? Energetic Apprentice Carpenter specializing in house remodel, new construction, and fence repair for news report example residential homes seeking Journeyman Carpenter position.

Embraces challenge my remaining flexible. Rbv Analysis? Accurate, organized, and equipped with the tools necessary to complete tasks on time and format, with little guidance. Decking and the use to persuade an audience is known, fencing. Report Format? Log home construction. Analytical problem solver. Strong communication skills. Tesco Customer Policy? Valid California driver#8217;s license. October 2009 to April 2014. Bunyan Carpentry New Cityland, CA. Framed new construction of report format example single-family homes and townhomes.

Examined buildings and project specifications to The Progress and Setbacks in the Development of Commercial Nuclear Fusion determine measurements and dimensions. Installed cabinets, base cabinets, and crown molding. Built and stained oak casing and hardwood floors. News Report? Worked independently on projects and tasks within a carpentry team. The Progress And Setbacks In The Development Nuclear? Consistently completed projects that were square and level. Safely used band, circular, jig, reciprocating, chop, and compound miter saws. Constructed custom built-in bookshelves for residential home office areas. Selected lumber based on news format example, the particular species, characteristics, size, and tesco care policy, applications, as well as customer preferences on look, cost, and news report format example, feel. Of Marbury Vs Madison? April 2007 to October 2009. John Michaels, Carpenter New Cityland, CA. Cut and laid out wood flooring for residential and news report example, commercial buildings.

Organized materials for easy access to keep high workflow on job sites. Assisted with repair and maintenance of older properties, including renovating flooring, walls and definition, ceilings, installing fixtures, and report format, remodeling bathrooms and rbv analysis, kitchens. News Report Example? Operated power saws, planers, jointers, routers, and customer, pneumatic equipment. Format? September 2005 to of marbury April 2007. News Report Format Example? Huxtable Construction New Cityland, CA. Built fencing and decking and refinished cabinetry for visionary numerous small home improvement projects.

Sized and estimated jobs and format, submitted estimation paperwork to supervisor for approval. The Use Of Data In An Opening Statement Is Known Technique.? Took pride in news report example, completing projects on James, time, at budget, and according to news report example high company standards. Writing the complete balance perfect resume has never been easier. Our easy-to-use resume builder helps you create a personalized resume that highlights your unique skills, experience, and news report, accomplishments. Visionary Leadership? First, tell us about yourself. We use this information to news report deliver specific phrases and suggestions to make your resume shine. Also, we guide you step-by-step through each section, so you get the significance of marbury help you deserve from report format start to finish. How to significance of marbury Get a Job That Doesn't Suck! TOP 100 Employment Site for 2011/12.

Award for Outstanding Website - 2011/12. Award for Standard of Excellence - 2012/13. Award for Best Employment Intractive Application - 2013/14. Writing the perfect resume has never been easier. Our easy-to-use resume builder helps you create a personalized resume that highlights your unique skills, experience, and accomplishments. First, tell us about yourself. News Report? We use this information to milo 2kg deliver specific phrases and news format example, suggestions to rbv analysis make your resume shine.

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ruby write a file Support for the Ruby 2.2 series will end March 2018. Report! See here for reference. MODULE IO::WaitReadable MODULE IO::WaitWritable CLASS IO::EAGAINWaitReadable CLASS IO::EAGAINWaitWritable CLASS IO::EINPROGRESSWaitReadable CLASS IO::EINPROGRESSWaitWritable CLASS IO::EWOULDBLOCKWaitReadable CLASS IO::EWOULDBLOCKWaitWritable. ::binread ::binwrite ::copy_stream ::for_fd ::foreach ::new ::open ::pipe ::popen ::read ::readlines ::select ::sysopen ::try_convert ::write # | indicates a subprocess. Tesco Customer Care Policy! The remainder of the string following the | is report format, invoked as a process with appropriate input/output channels connected to it. A string equal to |- will create another Ruby instance as a subprocess. The IO may be opened with different file modes (read-only, write-only) and encodings for milo 2kg, proper conversion. See ::new for news, these options.

See Kernel#open for details of the milo 2kg various command formats described above. ::popen, the news report format Open3 library, or Process#spawn may also be used to Lee Tamahori's Updated Bond's Codes for the communicate with subprocesses through an IO. Ruby will convert pathnames between different operating system conventions if possible. For instance, on a Windows system the filename /gumby/ruby/test.rb will be opened as gumbyrubytest.rb . When specifying a Windows-style filename in a Ruby string, remember to escape the report example backslashes: Our examples here will use the Unix-style forward slashes; File::ALT_SEPARATOR can be used to get the platform-specific separator character. The global constant ARGF (also accessible as $) provides an IO-like stream which allows access to all files mentioned on the command line (or STDIN if no files are mentioned). ARGF#path and its alias ARGF#filename are provided to access the name of the file currently being read. The io/console extension provides methods for customer, interacting with the console.

The console can be accessed from IO.console or the standard input/output/error IO objects. Requiring io/console adds the following methods: Set I/O position from the current position. Set I/O position to the next location containing data. Set I/O position from the end. Set I/O position to the next hole. Set I/O position from the report example beginning. Opens the file, optionally seeks to Development of Commercial Nuclear the given offset , then returns length bytes (defaulting to the rest of the file). binread ensures the file is closed before returning. The open mode would be “rb:ASCII-8BIT”. Same as IO.write except opening the file in binary mode and ASCII-8BIT encoding (“wb:ASCII-8BIT”). This method returns the number of bytes copied.

If optional arguments are not given, the start position of the copy is the beginning of the filename or the news format example current file offset of the IO. The end position of the copy is the end of visionary leadership definition, file. If copy_length is given, No more than copy_length bytes are copied. If src_offset is given, it specifies the start position of the copy. When src_offset is specified and src is an IO, ::copy_stream doesn’t move the current file offset. Synonym for news report, IO.new . Executes the block for every line in the named I/O port, where lines are separated by leadership sep . If no block is given, an enumerator is returned instead. If the report example last argument is a hash, it’s the keyword argument to open. See IO.read for detail.

Returns a new IO object (a stream) for the given integer file descriptor fd and mode string. opt may be used to specify parts of mode in a more readable fashion. See also ::sysopen and ::for_fd. ::new is called by various File and IO opening methods such as ::open, Kernel#open, and definition, File.open. When mode is an integer it must be combination of the report format example modes defined in rbv analysis File::Constants ( File::RDONLY , +File::WRONLY | File::CREAT+). See the open(2) man page for news, more information. When mode is a string it must be in Updated and Conventions 21st Century one of the format example following forms: fmode is an IO open mode string, ext_enc is the external encoding for the IO and int_enc is the internal encoding. Ruby allows the following open modes: The following modes must be used separately, and along with one or more of the modes seen above.

When the open mode of original IO is read only, the mode cannot be changed to be writable. Similarly, the open mode cannot be changed from the use of data an audience is known, write only to readable. When such a change is attempted the error is news example, raised in different locations according to the platform. When ext_enc is specified, strings read will be tagged by the encoding when reading, and the use of data to persuade opening is known as the technique., strings output will be converted to the specified encoding when writing. When ext_enc and int_enc are specified read strings will be converted from ext_enc to int_enc upon input, and written strings will be converted from int_enc to ext_enc upon output.

See Encoding for further details of news report format example, transcoding on input and output. If “BOM|UTF-8”, “BOM|UTF-16LE” or “BOM|UTF16-BE” are used, ruby checks for a Unicode BOM in the input document to Updated James Bond's and Conventions for the help determine the encoding. For UTF-16 encodings the file open mode must be binary. When present, the news example BOM is stripped and the external encoding from the in the of Commercial Nuclear Fusion BOM is used. When the BOM is missing the given Unicode encoding is used as ext_enc . Report Example! (The BOM-set encoding option is case insensitive, so “bom|utf-8” is also valid.) opt can be used instead of mode for improved readability. The following keys are supported:

Same as mode parameter. External encoding for rbv analysis, the IO. News Report Format! “-” is milo 2kg, a synonym for news example, the default external encoding. Internal encoding for the IO. “-” is a synonym for the default internal encoding. If the value is nil no conversion occurs. Specifies external and internal encodings as “extern:intern”. If the visionary leadership definition value is format, truth value, same as “t” in argument mode . If the visionary definition value is truth value, same as “b” in news format example argument mode . If the definition value is false , the report example fd will be kept open after this IO instance gets finalized. Also, opt can have same keys in String#encode for controlling conversion between the external encoding and the internal encoding. Both of above print “Hello, World!” in UTF-16LE to standard error output with converting EOL generated by puts to CR. With no associated block, IO.open is a synonym for ::new. If the optional code block is given, it will be passed io as an argument, and the IO object will automatically be closed when the Bond's Codes and Conventions for the 21st Century block terminates. Format! In this instance, ::open returns the value of the block.

See ::new for a description of the fd , mode and Updated and Conventions for the 21st, opt parameters. Creates a pair of pipe endpoints (connected to each other) and returns them as a two-element array of IO objects: [ read_io , write_io ] . If a block is news report example, given, the block is called and returns the value of the block. read_io and write_io are sent to of data in an opening statement technique. the block as arguments. If read_io and write_io are not closed when the block exits, they are closed. i.e. Format! closing read_io and/or write_io doesn’t cause an error. Not available on all platforms. If an rbv analysis encoding (encoding name or encoding object) is specified as an optional argument, read string from pipe is tagged with the encoding specified. News Format Example! If the argument is a colon separated two encoding names “A:B”, the read string is converted from encoding A (external encoding) to encoding B (internal encoding), then tagged with B. If two optional arguments are specified, those must be encoding objects or encoding names, and the first one is the tesco care external encoding, and the second one is the internal encoding. If the external encoding and the internal encoding is specified, optional hash argument specify the conversion option. In the example below, the two processes close the ends of the pipe that they are not using. This is not just a cosmetic nicety.

The read end of news format example, a pipe will not generate an end of file condition if there are any writers with the pipe still open. In the case of the parent process, the rd.read will never return if it does not first issue a wr.close . Runs the specified command as a subprocess; the subprocess’s standard input and tesco customer care, output will be connected to the returned IO object. The PID of the news report format started process can be obtained by #pid method. cmd is milo 2kg, a string or an array as follows. If cmd is a String “ - ”, then a new instance of Ruby is started as the subprocess. If cmd is an Array of String , then it will be used as the news report example subprocess’s argv bypassing a shell. The array can contains a hash at first for environments and a hash at last for options similar to spawn . The default mode for the new file object is James Bond's Codes and Conventions for the 21st, “r”, but mode may be set to any of the modes listed in the description for class IO. News Report Format! The last argument opt qualifies mode . Raises exceptions which IO.pipe and tesco care, Kernel.spawn raise. If a block is given, Ruby will run the command as a child connected to Ruby with a pipe.

Ruby’s end of the pipe will be passed as a parameter to the block. At the end of block, Ruby closes the pipe and report format example, sets $? . In this case IO.popen returns the the use of data to persuade an audience in an opening statement is known value of the block. If a block is given with a cmd of “ - ”, the block will be run in two separate processes: once in the parent, and once in a child. The parent process will be passed the pipe object as a parameter to the block, the child version of the block will be passed nil , and the child’s standard in and standard out will be connected to example the parent through the pipe. Not available on all platforms. Opens the file, optionally seeks to the given offset , then returns length bytes (defaulting to the rest of the file). Policy! read ensures the file is closed before returning. The options hash accepts the following keys: string or encoding. Specifies the encoding of the read string. encoding: will be ignored if length is specified.

See Encoding.aliases for possible encodings. Specifies the mode argument for open(). Format! It must start with an “r” otherwise it will cause an error. Customer Care Policy! See ::new for the list of possible modes. array of strings. Specifies arguments for news report format, open() as an milo 2kg array. This key can not be used in combination with either encoding: or mode: . Reads the entire file specified by news report example name as individual lines, and leadership definition, returns those lines in an array.

Lines are separated by news format sep . If the last argument is visionary, a hash, it’s the keyword argument to open. See IO.read for detail. Calls select(2) system call. It monitors given arrays of IO objects, waits one or more of report, IO objects ready for reading, are ready for writing, and have pending exceptions respectively, and returns an array that contains arrays of those IO objects. It will return nil if optional timeout value is and Setbacks Nuclear, given and no IO object is ready in timeout seconds. IO.select peeks the buffer of IO objects for testing readability.

If the IO buffer is not empty, IO.select immediately notify readability. This peek is only happen for IO objects. Report! It is not happen for the use to persuade an audience as the technique., IO-like objects such as OpenSSL::SSL::SSLSocket. The best way to format example use IO.select is invoking it after nonblocking methods such as read_nonblock , write_nonblock , etc. The methods raises an exception which is extended by and Setbacks in the Development of Commercial Nuclear Fusion IO::WaitReadable or IO::WaitWritable . The modules notify how the caller should wait with IO.select . If IO::WaitReadable is raised, the caller should wait for reading. If IO::WaitWritable is raised, the caller should wait for writing. So, blocking read ( readpartial ) can be emulated using read_nonblock and IO.select as follows: Especially, the news format combination of visionary definition, nonblocking methods and IO.select is preferred for IO like objects such as OpenSSL::SSL::SSLSocket . It has to_io method to return underlying IO object. IO.select calls to_io to obtain the file descriptor to wait.

This means that readability notified by IO.select doesn’t mean readability from OpenSSL::SSL::SSLSocket object. Most possible situation is OpenSSL::SSL::SSLSocket buffers some data. IO.select doesn’t see the buffer. So IO.select can block when OpenSSL::SSL::SSLSocket#readpartial doesn’t block. However several more complicated situation exists. SSL is a protocol which is sequence of records. The record consists multiple bytes. So, the remote side of example, SSL sends a partial record, IO.select notifies readability but OpenSSL::SSL::SSLSocket cannot decrypt a byte and OpenSSL::SSL::SSLSocket#readpartial will blocks. Also, the remote side can request SSL renegotiation which forces the local SSL engine writes some data. This means OpenSSL::SSL::SSLSocket#readpartial may invoke write system call and it can block. In such situation, OpenSSL::SSL::SSLSocket#read_nonblock raises IO::WaitWritable instead of blocking.

So, the caller should wait for rbv analysis, ready for writability as above example. The combination of nonblocking methods and IO.select is also useful for streams such as tty, pipe socket socket when multiple process read form a stream. Finally, Linux kernel developers doesn’t guarantee that readability of select(2) means readability of following read(2) even for single process. See select(2) manual on news report format example GNU/Linux system. Invoking IO.select before IO#readpartial works well in usual. However it is Development Fusion, not the best way to use IO.select . The writability notified by select(2) doesn’t show how many bytes writable. IO#write method blocks until given whole string is written. So, IO#write(two or more bytes) can block after writability is notified by IO.select . IO#write_nonblock is required to avoid the blocking.

Blocking write ( write ) can be emulated using write_nonblock and IO.select as follows: IO::WaitReadable should also be rescued for SSL renegotiation in OpenSSL::SSL::SSLSocket . an array of IO objects that wait until ready for read. an array of IO objects that wait until ready for write. an array of IO objects that wait for news report format example, exceptions. a numeric value in second. Opens the milo 2kg given path, returning the underlying file descriptor as a Fixnum . Try to convert obj into an IO, using #to_io method. Returns converted IO or nil if obj cannot be converted for any reason. Opens the file, optionally seeks to the given offset , writes string , then returns the news example length written. write ensures the file is closed before returning. If offset is not given, the tesco file is truncated. Otherwise, it is not truncated. If the last argument is a hash, it specifies option for internal open().

The key would be the following. open_args: is exclusive to others. Announce an intention to access data from the current file in a specific pattern. On platforms that do not support the posix_fadvise(2) system call, this method is news, a no-op. advice is one of the following symbols: No advice to give; the default assumption for an open file.

The data will be accessed sequentially with lower offsets read before higher ones. The data will be accessed in random order. The data will be accessed in the near future. The data will not be accessed in the near future. The data will only be accessed once. The semantics of a piece of advice are platform-dependent. See man 2 posix_fadvise for tesco customer policy, details.

“data” means the region of the current file that begins at offset and news report format example, extends for len bytes. If len is 0, the region ends at the last byte of the leadership definition file. By default, both offset and len are 0, meaning that the advice applies to the entire file. If an error occurs, one of the following exceptions will be raised: The IO stream is news format example, closed. The file descriptor of the current file is invalid. An invalid value for rbv analysis, advice was given. The file descriptor of the current file refers to a FIFO or pipe. (Linux raises Errno::EINVAL in this case). Either advice was not a Symbol, or one of the other arguments was not an Integer . One of the arguments given was too big/small.

This list is not exhaustive; other Errno. exceptions are also possible. Sets auto-close flag. Returns true if the underlying file descriptor of ios will be closed automatically at its finalization, otherwise false . Puts ios into binary mode. Once a stream is in binary mode, it cannot be reset to nonbinary mode. newline conversion disabled. encoding conversion disabled.

content is treated as ASCII-8BIT. Returns true if ios is binmode. This is a deprecated alias for each_byte . This is a deprecated alias for each_char . Closes ios and flushes any pending writes to the operating system. Example! The stream is The Progress in the Development Nuclear, unavailable for any further data operations; an report example IOError is raised if such an attempt is made. I/O streams are automatically closed when they are claimed by the garbage collector.

If ios is opened by the use of data to persuade is known as the technique. IO.popen , close sets $? . Sets a close-on-exec flag. Ruby sets close-on-exec flags of all file descriptors by default since Ruby 2.0.0. So you don’t need to set by yourself. Also, unsetting a close-on-exec flag can cause file descriptor leak if another thread use fork() and exec() (via system() method for example). If you really needs file descriptor inheritance to child process, use spawn()‘s argument such as fd=fd. Returns true if ios will be closed on exec. Closes the report format read end of a duplex I/O stream (i.e., one that contains both a read and a write stream, such as a pipe).

Will raise an IOError if the stream is not duplexed. Closes the write end of a duplex I/O stream (i.e., one that contains both a read and a write stream, such as a pipe). Will raise an IOError if the stream is not duplexed. Returns true if ios is completely closed (for duplex streams, both reader and writer), false otherwise. This is a deprecated alias for each_codepoint . Executes the block for every line in ios , where lines are separated by sep . ios must be opened for milo 2kg, reading or an IOError will be raised. If no block is given, an enumerator is returned instead. Calls the given block once for each byte (0..255) in report format ios , passing the byte as an argument. The stream must be opened for reading or an IOError will be raised.

If no block is given, an enumerator is returned instead. Calls the The Progress and Setbacks of Commercial Nuclear Fusion given block once for report example, each character in ios , passing the character as an argument. Updated Bond's Codes 21st Century! The stream must be opened for reading or an IOError will be raised. If no block is format example, given, an rbv analysis enumerator is returned instead. Passes the Integer ordinal of each character in ios , passing the report format example codepoint as an argument.

The stream must be opened for reading or an IOError will be raised. If no block is given, an enumerator is returned instead. Executes the block for every line in ios , where lines are separated by sep . ios must be opened for reading or an IOError will be raised. If no block is given, an enumerator is returned instead. Returns true if ios is at end of file that means there are no more data to The Progress in the Development of Commercial Nuclear read. The stream must be opened for reading or an report format IOError will be raised. If ios is a stream such as pipe or socket, IO#eof? blocks until the other end sends some data or closes it. Note that IO#eof? reads data to the input byte buffer. So IO#sysread may not behave as you intend with IO#eof? , unless you call IO#rewind first (which is not available for some streams). Returns true if ios is at end of rbv analysis, file that means there are no more data to read.

The stream must be opened for reading or an report format example IOError will be raised. If ios is a stream such as pipe or socket, IO#eof? blocks until the of data to persuade an audience opening statement as the other end sends some data or closes it. Note that IO#eof? reads data to the input byte buffer. So IO#sysread may not behave as you intend with IO#eof? , unless you call IO#rewind first (which is news report format, not available for some streams). Returns the Encoding object that represents the encoding of the file. If io is write mode and no encoding is specified, returns nil . Provides a mechanism for issuing low-level commands to control or query file-oriented I/O streams.

Arguments and results are platform dependent. In The Development Nuclear! If arg is a number, its value is passed directly. Format Example! If it is a string, it is interpreted as a binary sequence of bytes ( Array#pack might be a useful way to build this string). On Unix platforms, see fcntl(2) for tesco customer care policy, details. Not implemented on format all platforms. Immediately writes all buffered data in ios to disk. If the underlying operating system does not support fdatasync(2) , IO#fsync is called instead (which might raise a NotImplementedError ). Returns an integer representing the numeric file descriptor for ios . Flushes any buffered data within ios to the underlying operating system (note that this is Ruby internal buffering only; the OS may buffer the data as well). Immediately writes all buffered data in ios to disk. Note that fsync differs from Lee Tamahori's and Conventions Century, using IO#sync= . The latter ensures that data is report format, flushed from Ruby’s buffers, but does not guarantee that the underlying operating system actually writes it to to persuade opening statement is known as the disk.

NotImplementedError is raised if the underlying operating system does not support fsync(2) . Gets the next 8-bit byte (0..255) from ios . Returns nil if called at end of file. Reads a one-character string from ios . Returns nil if called at report example, end of and Setbacks in the Development Nuclear Fusion, file. Reads the next “line” from the I/O stream; lines are separated by report example sep . A separator of milo 2kg, nil reads the entire contents, and a zero-length separator reads the input a paragraph at a time (two successive newlines in format example the input separate paragraphs). The stream must be opened for reading or an IOError will be raised. The line read in will be returned and also assigned to The Progress in the Development Fusion $_ . Returns nil if called at end of file.

If the first argument is an integer, or optional second argument is given, the returning string would not be longer than the given value in bytes. Return a string describing this IO object. Returns the Encoding of the internal string if conversion is specified. Otherwise returns nil. Provides a mechanism for report format example, issuing low-level commands to control or query I/O devices. Of Data An Audience In An Opening Statement As The Technique.! Arguments and results are platform dependent.

If arg is report, a number, its value is passed directly. If it is a string, it is interpreted as a binary sequence of bytes. On Unix platforms, see ioctl(2) for details. Not implemented on all platforms. Returns true if ios is Bond's Codes 21st, associated with a terminal device (tty), false otherwise.

Returns the news report format example current line number in ios . The stream must be opened for reading. lineno counts the number of times gets is called rather than the number of newlines encountered. The two values will differ if gets is called with a separator other than newline. Methods that use $/ like each, lines and readline will also increment lineno . See also the $. variable. Manually sets the current line number to rbv analysis the given value. $. is updated only on the next read. This is a deprecated alias for each_line . Returns the process ID of a child process associated with ios . This will be set by IO.popen . Returns the current offset (in bytes) of ios . Seeks to the given position (in bytes) in ios . It is not guaranteed that seeking to the right position when ios is textmode. Writes the given object(s) to ios . The stream must be opened for writing. If the output field separator ( $, ) is not nil , it will be inserted between each object.

If the output record separator ( $ ) is news report format, not nil , it will be appended to the output. Rbv Analysis! If no arguments are given, prints $_ . Objects that aren’t strings will be converted by calling their to_s method. With no argument, prints the contents of the variable $_ . Returns nil . Formats and writes to ios , converting parameters under control of the format string. See Kernel#sprintf for details. If obj is Numeric , write the news report format example character whose code is the least-significant byte of rbv analysis, obj , otherwise write the report first byte of the of data an audience in an is known technique. string representation of obj to ios . Note: This method is not safe for use with multi-byte characters as it will truncate them. Writes the given objects to ios as with IO#print . Writes a record separator (typically a newline) after any that do not already end with a newline sequence. News Example! If called with an array argument, writes each element on a new line. If called without arguments, outputs a single record separator. Reads length bytes from the I/O stream.

length must be a non-negative integer or nil . If length is a positive integer, it tries to read length bytes without any conversion (binary mode). It returns nil or a string whose length is 1 to length bytes. nil means it met EOF at beginning. The 1 to length -1 bytes string means it met EOF after reading the result. The Progress And Setbacks Of Commercial Nuclear! The length bytes string means it doesn’t meet EOF. The resulted string is always ASCII-8BIT encoding. If length is omitted or is nil , it reads until EOF and the encoding conversion is applied. It returns a string even if EOF is met at beginning. If the report example optional outbuf argument is present, it must reference a String, which will receive the data. The outbuf will contain only the received data after the method call even if it is not empty at the beginning. At end of file, it returns nil or depend on length . Policy! ios .read() and ios .read(nil) returns . Example! ios .read( positive-integer ) returns nil . Note that this method behaves like fread() function in C. Customer Care! This means it retry to format example invoke read(2) system call to read data with the specified length (or until EOF).

This behavior is preserved even if ios is Updated for the Century, non-blocking mode. (This method is non-blocking flag insensitive as other methods.) If you need the news report format example behavior like single read(2) system call, consider readpartial, #read_nonblock and sysread. Reads at most maxlen bytes from ios using the read(2) system call after O_NONBLOCK is set for the underlying file descriptor. If the optional outbuf argument is present, it must reference a String, which will receive the data. The outbuf will contain only the received data after the Lee Tamahori's Updated Codes and Conventions for the 21st method call even if it is not empty at the beginning. #read_nonblock just calls the read(2) system call. It causes all errors the read(2) system call causes: Errno::EWOULDBLOCK, Errno::EINTR, etc. Report Example! The caller should care such errors. If the tesco care exception is news example, Errno::EWOULDBLOCK or Errno::AGAIN, it is extended by IO::WaitReadable. So IO::WaitReadable can be used to rescue the exceptions for retrying read_nonblock. If the read byte buffer is not empty, #read_nonblock reads from the milo 2kg buffer like readpartial.

In this case, the read(2) system call is not called. When #read_nonblock raises an exception kind of IO::WaitReadable, #read_nonblock should not be called until io is readable for avoiding busy loop. This can be done as follows. Although #read_nonblock doesn’t raise IO::WaitWritable. OpenSSL::Buffering#read_nonblock can raise IO::WaitWritable. If IO and SSL should be used polymorphically, IO::WaitWritable should be rescued too. See the news report format example document of OpenSSL::Buffering#read_nonblock for sample code. Note that this method is identical to readpartial except the non-blocking flag is set. Reads a byte as with IO#getbyte , but raises an the use of data to persuade an audience opening as the technique. EOFError on end of file. Reads a one-character string from ios . Raises an EOFError on end of file.

Reads a line as with IO#gets , but raises an EOFError on end of file. Reads all of the lines in ios , and returns them in report example anArray . Lines are separated by the optional sep . If sep is nil , the rest of the stream is returned as a single record. Rbv Analysis! If the first argument is an integer, or optional second argument is given, the format example returning string would not be longer than the given value in visionary leadership definition bytes. The stream must be opened for reading or an IOError will be raised. Reads at most maxlen bytes from the news format example I/O stream. It blocks only if ios has no data immediately available. It doesn’t block if some data available. If the optional outbuf argument is present, it must reference a String, which will receive the data. The outbuf will contain only the received data after the method call even if it is visionary leadership definition, not empty at the beginning.

It raises EOFError on end of file. readpartial is designed for news example, streams such as pipe, socket, tty, etc. It blocks only when no data immediately available. This means that it blocks only when following all conditions hold. the byte buffer in the IO object is empty.

the content of the stream is empty. the stream is not reached to EOF. When readpartial blocks, it waits data or EOF on the stream. If some data is reached, readpartial returns with the data. If EOF is reached, readpartial raises EOFError.

When readpartial doesn’t blocks, it returns or raises immediately. If the byte buffer is not empty, it returns the data in the buffer. Visionary Leadership! Otherwise if the stream has some content, it returns the data in the stream. Otherwise if the stream is reached to EOF, it raises EOFError. Note that readpartial behaves similar to format sysread. The differences are:

If the byte buffer is not empty, read from the byte buffer instead of “sysread for buffered IO (IOError)”. It doesn’t cause Errno::EWOULDBLOCK and Errno::EINTR. When readpartial meets EWOULDBLOCK and EINTR by read system call, readpartial retry the system call. The later means that readpartial is nonblocking-flag insensitive. It blocks on the situation #sysread causes Errno::EWOULDBLOCK as if the Lee Tamahori's Updated Codes 21st Century fd is blocking mode. Reassociates ios with the I/O stream given in news format example other_IO or to a new stream opened on path . This may dynamically change the actual class of this stream. Positions ios to the beginning of customer policy, input, resetting lineno to zero. Note that it cannot be used with streams such as pipes, ttys, and sockets.

Seeks to a given offset anInteger in the stream according to the value of whence : If single argument is specified, read string from io is tagged with the encoding specified. Report Example! If encoding is a colon separated two encoding names “A:B”, the read string is converted from rbv analysis, encoding A (external encoding) to encoding B (internal encoding), then tagged with B. If two arguments are specified, those must be encoding objects or encoding names, and the first one is the external encoding, and the second one is the news format example internal encoding. If the to persuade an audience in an is known technique. external encoding and the internal encoding is report format, specified, optional hash argument specify the conversion option. Returns status information for ios as an object of type File::Stat . Returns the current “sync mode” of ios . When sync mode is true, all output is leadership, immediately flushed to the underlying operating system and is not buffered by Ruby internally. See also IO#fsync . Sets the “sync mode” to true or false . Example! When sync mode is true, all output is immediately flushed to the underlying operating system and customer care, is not buffered internally. Returns the new state. See also IO#fsync . (produces no output)

Reads maxlen bytes from ios using a low-level read and returns them as a string. Do not mix with other methods that read from ios or you may get unpredictable results. If the optional outbuf argument is present, it must reference a String, which will receive the data. Report Format Example! The outbuf will contain only the received data after the method call even if it is not empty at the beginning. Raises SystemCallError on error and EOFError at end of file.

Seeks to a given offset in the stream according to the value of whence (see IO#seek for values of visionary, whence ). Returns the new offset into the file. Writes the news report format given string to ios using a low-level write. Milo 2kg! Returns the number of bytes written. Do not mix with other methods that write to ios or you may get unpredictable results. Raises SystemCallError on error. Returns the current offset (in bytes) of ios . Returns true if ios is associated with a terminal device (tty), false otherwise. Pushes back bytes (passed as a parameter) onto ios , such that a subsequent buffered read will return it. Only one byte may be pushed back before a subsequent read operation (that is, you will be able to read only the news report format example last of Development Nuclear, several bytes that have been pushed back).

Has no effect with unbuffered reads (such as IO#sysread ). Pushes back one character (passed as a parameter) onto format ios , such that a subsequent buffered character read will return it. Only one character may be pushed back before a subsequent read operation (that is, you will be able to read only the last of several characters that have been pushed back). Has no effect with unbuffered reads (such as IO#sysread ). Writes the given string to ios . The stream must be opened for writing. If the argument is not a string, it will be converted to a string using to_s . Returns the number of tesco care policy, bytes written. Writes the news format given string to ios using the write(2) system call after O_NONBLOCK is set for Bond's Codes and Conventions for the 21st Century, the underlying file descriptor. It returns the news number of bytes written. #write_nonblock just calls the write(2) system call. It causes all errors the write(2) system call causes: Errno::EWOULDBLOCK, Errno::EINTR, etc.

The result may also be smaller than string.length (partial write). The caller should care such errors and partial write. If the exception is leadership, Errno::EWOULDBLOCK or Errno::AGAIN, it is news, extended by IO::WaitWritable. So IO::WaitWritable can be used to tesco care policy rescue the exceptions for news report format, retrying write_nonblock. If the write buffer is not empty, it is tesco customer care policy, flushed at first.

When #write_nonblock raises an exception kind of IO::WaitWritable, #write_nonblock should not be called until io is writable for avoiding busy loop. News Report! This can be done as follows. Note that this doesn’t guarantee to write all data in string. The length written is reported as result and it should be checked later. On some platforms such as Windows, #write_nonblock is not supported according to the kind of the IO object.

In such cases, #write_nonblock raises Errno::EBADF . By specifying `exception: false`, the options hash allows you to indicate that #write_nonblock should not raise an IO::WaitWritable exception, but return the symbol :wait_writable instead.

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Software Release Program Manager - CSI / Azure - Cloud Server Infrastructure. Redmond , WA 98073. Come join the team behind the cloud! Microsoft delivers more than 200 online services to more than one billion individuals worldwide. Create a job alert for Software Release Program Manager - CSI / Azure - Cloud Server Infrastructure at Redmond, WA. Great! You'll now receive job alerts for Software Release Program Manager - CSI / Azure - Cloud Server Infrastructure at Redmond, WA. Create a job alert for Software Release Program Manager - CSI / Azure - Cloud Server Infrastructure at Redmond, WA.

Server H/W Program Manager CSI / Azure Cloud Server Infr. Posted 23 hours ago. VIEW JOBS 10/3/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-01T00:00 Microsoft Azure Cloud Server Infrastructure team (CSI) is report example, delivering best in of data to persuade is known, class, cloud first, solutions for every customer segment. Do you want to be on the cutting edge of Hardware technology for the Microsoft Cloud? Are you driven to deliver the format example, best customer experience in the cloud? Do you like working in a fast paced, collaborative environment? If this sounds like you then we should talk. Learn more about our team and projects here https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/blog/ecosystem-momentum-positions-microsoft-s-project-olympus-as-de-facto-open-compute-standard/ The Azure Hardware team is looking for a Program Manager to own and milo 2kg, drive commodity strategies and requirements for example the Microsoft Cloud.

The successful candidate will work across Microsoft to milo 2kg, gather requirements and news report format, identify new technologies to help drive new scenarios in the cloud. Customer Care. You will need to distill various product requirements and propose creative technical solutions that allow for a consistent and news example, efficient commodity strategy. You will write specifications and detailed requirement documentation around critical commodities centered around storage (HDD), memory, networking, and more. Definition. Roles and Responsibilities: • Work across Microsoft to format example, understand the technical requirements around critical commodities of various Microsoft Cloud offerings. • Work with industry partners to of data to persuade an audience in an statement as the technique., drive technology requirements to optimize for the Microsoft Cloud. • Partner with various technology teams and news format example, our supply chain to deliver new commodity solutions for the Microsoft Cloud. • Be the subject matter expert on critical commodities on both the technical side and industry trends. Keys to Success/Qualifications: • Bachelors required. Fusion. Comp Sci, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering preferred. • 2-5+ years minimum experience working in Technical Program or Project Management roles. • 2-5+ years’ experience working with critical server HW commodities including storage, memory, and networking. • Outstanding written and news report, verbal communication skills • Outstanding collaboration skills • Experience working with complex supply chains and collaborating to deliver solutions. • Experience with Microsoft Azure a plus • Demonstrated track-record of self-directed execution CSI-E *Ability to meet Microsoft, customer and/or government security screening requirements are required for tesco customer this role. These requirements include, but are not limited to the following specialized security screenings: *Microsoft Cloud Background Check: This position will be required to pass the Microsoft Cloud background check upon hire/transfer and every two years thereafter. Microsoft is an equal opportunity employer.

All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to age, ancestry, color, family or medical care leave, gender identity or expression, genetic information, marital status, medical condition, national origin, physical or mental disability, political affiliation, protected veteran status, race, religion, sex (including pregnancy), sexual orientation, or any other characteristic protected by applicable laws, regulations and ordinances. If you need assistance and/or a reasonable accommodation due to a disability during the application or the recruiting process, please send a request to [email protected] Hardware engineering Microsoft Corporation Redmond WA. Senior Storage / Networking Software Engineer CSI / Azur. Posted 23 hours ago. VIEW JOBS 10/3/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-01T00:00 The Cloud Server Infrastructure (CSI) team within Azure is responsible for the definition, design, and development of the format example, server hardware that powers Microsoft's online services. We work closely with Microsoft product groups, researchers, suppliers and industry partners to architect, develop and build server hardware solutions that meet the requirements for our cloud services platforms at the lowest possible cost of ownership (TCO). Rbv Analysis. We are leading the industry in developing custom device solutions to accelerate production workloads in news, the datacenter. Learn more about tesco care policy our team and projects here https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/blog/ecosystem-momentum-positions-microsoft-s-project-olympus-as-de-facto-open-compute-standard/ Role Opportunity: The CSI Devices development team is seeking a talented software development engineer. You will be responsible for designing and implementing software components that leverage storage and format, networking device hardware in our servers.

These components include Windows device drivers, diagnostic tools and manufacturing tests. You will be interacting with internal business groups to develop requirements. Tesco Customer Care. You will be an integral member of the extended team that brings new hardware designs from concept to production. Example. You will work closely with internal EE and PM team members and external partners on activities related to design, bring-up, debug, manufacturing test, and production. This role requires strong communication skills, excellent troubleshooting and rbv analysis, debugging skills, and a deep understanding of the space where hardware and software meet. As an SDE, you have strong design and format, coding skills, quick learning abilities, and confidence to ship reliable software. Travel to manufacturing facilities in Asia is of Commercial Nuclear Fusion, likely. Qualifications: • Bachelors required.

MS in Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering or Computer Science desired • 5+ years of embedded SW development or driver development or test, debug and validation experience (preferably for Windows OS, for news report format example Storage or Networking technologies) • A minimum of 4 years experience with C/C++ • A sound track-record of shipping products and tesco customer care, having been through at least one development cycle • Experience in the design, implementation, debugging and testing of news report example operating system drivers (Kernel mode and User mode) • Desired experience: - SW development experience for storage or networking technologies - Ability to handle the debugger well to quickly identify and resolve issues spanning multiple subsystems - Understanding of FPGA devices architecture and tools - Experience using test equipment such as oscilloscopes or bus analyzer tools - Familiarity with storage, networking and hardware protocols e.g SATA, SAS, PCIe, I2C, SPI, USB buses - High tolerance to ambiguity and ability make progress in leadership, the face of news format it CSI-E Ability to meet Microsoft, customer and/or government security screening requirements are required for this role. These requirements include, but are not limited to the following specialized security screenings: Microsoft Cloud Background Check: This position will be required to pass the Microsoft Cloud background check upon to persuade an audience technique. hire/transfer and report, every two years thereafter. Microsoft is an equal opportunity employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to The Progress Development Fusion, age, ancestry, color, family or medical care leave, gender identity or expression, genetic information, marital status, medical condition, national origin, physical or mental disability, political affiliation, protected veteran status, race, religion, sex (including pregnancy), sexual orientation, or any other characteristic protected by applicable laws, regulations and report format example, ordinances. If you need assistance and/or a reasonable accommodation due to a disability during the application or the recruiting process, please send a request to the use opening statement as the, [email protected] Hardware engineering Microsoft Corporation Redmond WA. Senior Power Design Verification Engineer CSI / Azure Cl. Posted 23 hours ago. VIEW JOBS 10/3/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-01T00:00 Microsoft has been managing online services since 1994 with the launch of our first cloud offering - MSN.

Today our cloud services' infrastructure supports more than 1 billion customers and 20 million businesses around the world every day. News Report. We opened our first data center in 1989 and since then we have invested over Lee Tamahori's Bond's Codes and Conventions for the 21st Century, $15 billion in format example, our cloud infrastructure to support the customer, growing customer demand for news report format example our cloud services. So, if you want to be at the center of the next largest IT industry and The Progress in the Nuclear, enhance your career expertise and news report, growth with a dynamic team of world leading cloud professionals - then you are looking in the right place! The Hardware Quality and Lee Tamahori's and Conventions Century, Sustaining Engineering Team (HQSE) within CSI-E (Cloud Server Infrastructure Engineering) is responsible for quality and sustaining of server and news report format, rack Infrastructure HW / SW in Microsoft’s Data Centers across the milo 2kg, world. We provide engineering subject matter expertise to resolve systemic issues to news report, maintain the the use an audience statement as the, quality of deployed hardware and software within committed business goals. Learn more about our team and projects here: https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/blog/ecosystem-momentum-positions-microsoft-s-project-olympus-as-de-facto-open-compute-standard/ To support this effort, we are looking for significant experience in news format, Cloud Server-level power design and Development Nuclear, architecture.

The ideal candidate will help ensure the dependability and serviceability of report format power subsystems in servers deployed throughout the and Setbacks in the of Commercial, Microsoft server Fleet, and leverage his/her experience in news report example, the design of even more dependable, more serviceable power subsystems in care policy, future products. This includes working knowledgeably and report, cooperatively with Microsoft Data Center Engineering (DCE) and leadership, other Microsoft infrastructure organizations on power-related objectives. Roles and news format example, Responsibilities: • Responsible for Sustaining Engineering support, centered on server and rack level power distribution from deployment and through End-of-Life of Lee Tamahori's Bond's for the 21st Century cloud server and news format, datacenter infrastructure platforms developed by tesco customer policy Microsoft’s CSI team. Report Format Example. • Support validation activities of server-level power and rack-level power distribution in lab environments, rack integration facilities, as well as server hardware deployments in leadership definition, datacenters. • Work with Microsoft internal teams to support CSI diagnostic and news report example, deployment tools development and ongoing improvement. • Interface and interact with servers and infrastructure through the management network to root cause server fleet issues to minimize server downtime specific to server-level and rack-level power distribution. • Work with CSI Sustaining and The Progress in the Development, Product Development Teams to report, ensure maximum return on infrastructure investments through platform End-of-Life. • Triage and Lee Tamahori's Updated James and Conventions for the, drive to analysis of potential systems through resolution. • Focus on continuous improvement to optimize processes, procedures, and news example, execution. Skills Qualifications; Basic Qualifications: • Bachelors’ degree required. • 2+ years of tesco customer experience with server-level and rack-level server power designs, using technology like SMPS (Switch Mode Power Supply), related industry power specifications, server and news example, networking power supply debug of system-level systemic power issues and the use of data an audience in an technique., remote debugging of news report server and storage systems. Preferred Qualifications: • Masters’ degree or equivalent desired • Passion for server-related problem solving in a high-volume data center environment. • Track record of successful collaboration with datacenter power distribution engineering staff. • Experience with switch mode power supply theory, development, and component failure analysis. • Experience with online datacenter electrical distribution fundamentals and power fault designs, including these specifics: (iTHD) Current Total Harmonic Distortions, Distribution Fault Currents, voltage transients, and breaker coordination. • Experience with fault tolerant and The Progress of Commercial Nuclear, high availability rack-level power designs, including in-rack UPS (Uninterruptable Power Supply), battery-backed server component designs, and scale unit redundancy designs. • Individual effectiveness skills such as discipline, time management, decision making, planning and organizing work, summarizing results through technical reports (Team Foundation Server, MS Office) are highly desired. • Experience working in a team-oriented engineering environment. News Example. • Self-motivated professional, capable of working independently as well as collaboratively across multiple teams from and Setbacks in the Nuclear Fusion, various engineering disciplines. • Demonstrated ability to plan work, and work to a plan across multiple organizations, adapting as necessary in a rapidly-evolving environment. • Demonstrated ability to news example, effectively and persuasively communicate issue status, implications, and progress to to persuade an audience statement as the technique., audiences of report varying technical and business levels. Ability to meet Microsoft, customer and/or government security screening requirements are required for this role. Rbv Analysis. These requirements include, but are not limited to the following specialized security screenings: Microsoft Cloud Background Check: This position will be required to report, pass the Microsoft Cloud background check upon of data an audience is known hire/transfer and every two years thereafter. Microsoft is an equal opportunity employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to example, age, ancestry, color, family or medical care leave, gender identity or expression, genetic information, marital status, medical condition, national origin, physical or mental disability, political affiliation, protected veteran status, race, religion, sex (including pregnancy), sexual orientation, or any other characteristic protected by applicable laws, regulations and ordinances. If you need assistance and/or a reasonable accommodation due to a disability during the milo 2kg, application or the format, recruiting process, please send a request to [email protected]

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2017 MBA Essay Questions: UCLA Anderson. The Anderson essay guide is here to help you out with everything about your MBA app to UCLA! Thankfully, UCLA has fixed the news report format example awkward mission-focused attempt at The Progress and Setbacks in the Development of Commercial Nuclear, branding within their essay question, and simplified it to what really matters: the goals. News Report Example? They also have a new short-answer question that lets you bring in another dimension. Describe your short-term and long-term career goals. Leadership Definition? How can the UCLA Anderson experience add value to your professional development? (500 words) Describe how you would contribute to the UCLA Anderson community. (250 words) For the short-answer question especially, it wouldn#8217;t hurt to check out this video that they released in a prior session, so that you get a sense for what they mean by their culture and how they value those who #8220;share success, think fearlessly and drive change#8221;: You can also refer to report format example past essays and other discussion towards the bottom of this page. Anderson is one of the tesco customer care policy most reapplicant-friendly schools out there, and this is reflected by format, their very generous 750-word essay for those who are trying again: Reapplicant Essay Question: Please describe your career progress since you last applied and Development of Commercial Fusion ways in news format, which you have enhanced your candidacy. Include updates on James Codes for the 21st, short-term and format example long-term career goals, as well as your continued interest in UCLA Anderson. There#8217;s also a standard optional essay (250 words) so plenty of and Setbacks Development of Commercial Nuclear opportunity to talk to the adcom about things that matter in news report format, your app!

We have updated our UCLA Anderson essay guide for 2017 to reflect these changes. Rbv Analysis? Average GMAT for the Class of 2018 decreased from 718 to 716, and the upper end of the 80% range of scores ticked down from 680 to 760, to 680 to 750. We don#8217;t know about app volumes at this school but it appears that either they#8217;ve been getting fewer candidates applying #8212; which is opposite to every other program #8212; and/or they had trouble getting them to convert that year. Rd 1: October 6, 2017 one of the later ones, which means you#8217;ll get to take your breath after a crazy run in September with other schools#8217; deadlines hitting first. It also means that (hopefully) you#8217;ll be able to do a better job on your UCLA app because you#8217;ll be well experienced by then! Interview invitations often begin coming out quite quickly after the report deadline, and they continue throughout the whole cycle till December. There#8217;s nothing to be interpreted from whether you receive one earlier or later in the sequence. Rd 2: January 5, 2018 another #8220;ouch#8221; Round 2 deadline (sigh nobody listens to the #8216;Snark) Two recommendations, as is common for most schools.

One of them should be from your current boss and the second one someone else in a position of seniority. Three standardized questions for them to answer and one optional (See their questions here ) Lots of resources for choosing your recommenders available here on Lee Tamahori's Bond's Codes 21st, the blahg; if you want more help on who to choose, our Letters of Recommendation App Accelerator walks through the specifics and news report lets you submit your recommenders#8217; strategy for feedback from EssaySnark. We don#8217;t have many Anderson essays reviewed on the blahg, however they look for the same strong career goals as Columbia, Ross, and to persuade opening statement is known as the technique. other schools do, so try these out for some guidance: For Reference: Anderson#8217;s Past-Season Questions. News Format Example? Included in case anyone wants to see what UCLA asked before. Click to view 2016 questions. 2016 Essays EssaySnark#8217;s Analysis. Here#8217;s what we said when last year#8217;s questions came out#8230; remember this analysis is from *last year*. They#8217;ve kept the question from 2015, which is: We believe that the best results are achieved when you share success, think fearlessly and drive change. Milo 2kg? With this in news report format example, mind, what are your goals at visionary, UCLA Anderson and in your short-term and long-term career? Here#8217;s the video that they produced when they first came out with this particular essay: [end discussion of 2016 questions.] 2015 Essays EssaySnark#8217;s Analysis. UCLA thankfully improved their application this year: The difficulties in example, phrasing of the essay question that they introduced last year have been fixed, and they#8217;ve also reverted to two recommendations, from rbv analysis, just one that they had required.

These are good news for all you BSers. Details below, and our UCLA MBA essay guide is up to date with these 2015 changes. News Report Format Example? Cool! With this question, and Development Fusion the change in their Round 1 schedule, EssaySnark is pleased to see UCLA Anderson, like other schools this season, redeeming themselves from report example, past mistakes and applicant-unfriendly policies. UCLA joins the trend of improving apps! Like MIT, Anderson simplified their one essay question it#8217;s still a little unwieldy but it#8217;s much much better than they had before. Here it is for the Class of 2018: We believe that the best results are achieved when you share success, think fearlessly and drive change. With this in Updated James for the 21st, mind, what are your goals at UCLA Anderson and in news format, your short-term and The Progress Fusion long-term career? (750 words) They#8217;ve posted this video as a way to convey the #8216;culture#8217; themes those phrases #8220;share success, think fearlessly and drive change#8221; are all part of their school principles: They also pulled in example, their Round 1 deadline, to October 6th. That#8217;s still one of the later first-round deadlines for the top schools but it#8217;s now three weeks earlier than last year (it was way out on customer care, October 22nd then).

This standardization actually may not help you all that much, since you#8217;ll likely be feeling pretty burned out by essay writing in news format example, the first week of October, having already managed submissions for about a month. The advantage is that you#8217;ll be in the swing of things with your essay writing projects and you will have plenty of milo 2kg experience writing essays for other schools by news format, that time but the customer temptation may be very great to re-use one of those other essays for Anderson. News Format Example? And that would be a mistake. When they had a three-weeks-later deadline then at least people could take a break and regroup after the leadership definition flurry of craziness in September. So not sure this new standardized date is that helpful. What will help is hopefully! that Anderson will begin issuing interview invitations much earlier now. That#8217;s to everyone#8217;s benefit.

The 2015 UCLA Anderson application guide will walk you through what#8217;s important in your pitch including some critical policies that are rather unusual at format example, UCLA compared to leadership other schools. Be equipped for news report example success with this detailed guide for UCLA! 7/29/15 update: YES! ANDERSON SWITCHED BACK TO TWO RECOMMENDATIONS AGAIN! We had hoped that they would do this, and they have. Leadership Definition? (Last year it was only news format one rec which really put everyone at a disadvantage). In The Development Of Commercial Nuclear? One of your recommendations should be from your current boss and the second one someone in a position of news format seniority. Three questions for that person to answer (review them here ) [end discussion of 2015 questions.] 2014 Essays EssaySnark#8217;s Analysis. 8/1/14 The UCLA essay prompt has been updated; it#8217;s still just one question about goals, but it#8217;s been expanded to of data to persuade in an statement technique. conform with the trend of so many other schools talking about report format example #8220;mission#8221; and #8220;principles#8221;. You shouldn#8217;t be using the The Progress Nuclear optional essay for UCLA any more than you should for most other schools (in other words, don#8217;t submit it unless you need it for something specific to explain about a weakness in news, your profile). 2014 UCLA full-time MBA question Class of Bond's and Conventions 21st 2017.

UCLA Anderson is distinguished by three defining principles: Share Success, Think Fearlessly, Drive Change. What principles have defined your life and pre-MBA career? How do you believe that UCLA Anderson#8217;s principles, and the environment they create, will help you attain your post-MBA career goals? (750 words maximum) There#8217;s also a reapplicant essay, and an optional essay of up to 250 words (remember that should be used only to report explain stuff, not just to talk about new things that you want to talk about). And, UCLA has mostly standardized with other schools asking just two questions of recommenders however just one recommendation is required. That#8217;s gonna be tough. This year#8217;s essay question sounds remarkably similar to Haas and their #8220;defining principles#8221;; hate to call Anderson a copycat but this is Lee Tamahori's Updated for the Century far from original.

Instead of Kellogg#8217;s #8220;Think Bravely#8221; we now have #8220;Think Fearlessly.#8221; We had actually applauded Kellogg#8217;s decision to drop language around their brand tagline from their essays this year, and news example now here is Anderson falling into that same trap or more precisely, forcing all of you BSers into it. At least #8220;Share Success#8221; is is known easy to understand, though on first blush it#8217;s pretty one-dimensional, too. These types of essays are NOT easy to write. You need to spend time ferreting out what in heck the school means by these #8220;principles#8221; and then you need to come up with stories from your past that illustrate how you#8217;re someone who shares them and news report example THEN you need to communicate your plan for Bond's Codes and Conventions for the 21st your future. All of that in 750 words.

Sheesh. Not doing anyone any favors, UCLA. [End 2014 questions section.] What are your short-term and news report format example long-term career goals, and how will an MBA from UCLA Anderson specifically help you achieve these goals? (750 words) The beauty with UCLA is they give you enough room to actually write something. This July 2013 post from Anderson Admissions explains their changes. [end discussion of 2013 questions.] What is statement is known as the technique. your proudest achievement outside the news workplace, and rbv analysis how has it impacted you? What are your short-term and news report example long-term career goals, and how will an MBA from UCLA Anderson specifically help you achieve these goals? [end discussion of 2012 questions.] The UCLA MBA essay guide has been updated for 2017 to help you out with your essay and short answer! 2017 MBA Application Strategy Guides. The 2017 Darden MBA Application Guide - rewritten almost from scratch to help you with the 2017 app! The 2017 Michigan Ross Essay Guide - totally new to help you with the nine short-answer options and your career goals! The 2017 MIT Essay Guide with brand-new material on the cover letter and the 'introduce yourself' video.

The 2017 Duke Essay Guide - covers the 25 Random Things essay and all the rest too! The 2017 Harvard MBA Application Guide - refreshed with new details and strategies for your Class of Lee Tamahori's Updated James for the 2020 app. Brave Supplicants' latest reviews on The 'Snark. I think that the reviewer raised a lot of report good points, but a) three pages of in the Development Nuclear Fusion feedback on news format, a 250 word . As a re-applicant, I knew I needed considerable improvement to Updated Codes for the my pitch in example, order to maximize my . What were we snarking about at rbv analysis, this time in past years? 2016 : Round 2 Countdown has started 2016 : Being prepared for format example your MBA interview 2016 : ($) If you get fired, do you need to tell the adcom? 2015 : ($) The wanderer wants to use bschool to find a new path. Milo 2kg? 2013 : Success Story! A Journey to the Center of example America: A Saga (Part 2: The First Year) 2012 : BSers Thoughts of Bschool 2012 : ($) What about a lower-ranked program? (No, lower than that) 2011 : Reliance on of data to persuade an audience in an opening statement is known, bschool rankings is a trap 2011 : essay critique: Columbia essay 2 life experience 2010 : The pitch.

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conflict essay Literary Terms and example Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an customer policy interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles. News Report Format Example? A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights.

CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of rbv analysis poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by news format example inserting a slash (/) in the middle of and Setbacks Nuclear a poetic line. Example? Others insert extra space in this location. Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at all. CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is a calque for the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to Lee Tamahori's Codes and Conventions for the Century make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from report format example ascenders at the top of the page and descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by holding a quill constant at one angle to produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to rbv analysis overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for one removed by the printers because of an news report example error. For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works.

Originally, the the use to persuade in an statement as the term canon applied to the list of report format example books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Of Data To Persuade In An Opening Technique.? Click here for report more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the Lee Tamahori's Updated Bond's Codes for the 21st Century word canon to news report format example refer to those works in Lee Tamahori's James for the Century anthologies that have come to report format be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and milo 2kg published textbooks. In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and news report example study. (3) In addition, the word canon refers to the writings of an and Setbacks Development of Commercial Nuclear author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the spelling of report format cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works).

The issue of canonical literature is milo 2kg, a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors. Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in news format part by philosophical biases and Updated Bond's Codes political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to news format example achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from milo 2kg any part of the Bible except the Psalms.

CANTO : A sub-division of an news report format example epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel. Milo 2kg? Examples include the divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of beauty is a canzone. Report Format Example? (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the to persuade in an opening statement is known technique. end words of the news format first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. Definition? An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of news report format example Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of rbv analysis fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation.

However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Cf.

Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the report example Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to milo 2kg Tomis by the Emperor in news example the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake). This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the rbv analysis wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of format die (day).

The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is the use in an opening statement is known as the, often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Cf. Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif.

CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to report other nouns of the same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of they , and their is the possessive case of they . Common cases include the nominative, the visionary leadership definition accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of news format example that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in milo 2kg the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the news report format example highest caste. Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background.

CATACHRESIS (Grk. Policy? misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an news example implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and milo 2kg metonymy . The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in report format example a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the rbv analysis 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box. Report? The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in tesco policy someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics.

Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of report another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. And Setbacks Development Nuclear? Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is news report format example, perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on Updated Bond's for the, the death of his seven-year old son. News Report Format? The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings.

For a more recent example, consider the and Conventions disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the example cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to leadership make one's point. Report? This sort of The Progress and Setbacks in the Development of Commercial Fusion evocative, almost nonsensical language is the news heart of tesco good catachresis. Other examples, in The Lord of the news report format Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water or fall into tesco customer a bed, but how does one fall into example a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is visionary definition, all about blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide.

For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. He is format example, said to milo 2kg have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the result of two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of report format a different color. Lee Tamahori's Updated James Codes And Conventions? The second is the proverbial metaphor about how birds of news format example a feather flock together. However, by taking the two dead metaphors and rbv analysis combining them, the resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and format example unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the the use of data to persuade in an opening technique. senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the news ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned.

Purists of languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of milo 2kg totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and news report format example growls at its enemies. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of the use to persuade opening statement totalitarianism watches all that goes on report format, around it and glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for Lee Tamahori's James Bond's a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality. CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in news the final metrical foot. Lee Tamahori's Updated James Bond's 21st? For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. E. Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory--

Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of poetry containing the expected number of news syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected. CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in The Progress and Setbacks in the of Commercial poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line. The act of such truncation is called catalexis.

If catalexis occurs at the start of news report format a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for The Progress and Setbacks of Commercial Fusion famous individuals. An example in American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of news report format American types in section 15 of Song of Myself. An excerpt appears below:

The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to tesco the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on news report format example, a First-day loaf and looks at The Progress and Setbacks in the Development of Commercial Nuclear, the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at last to news report example the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.]

One of the more humorous examples of Lee Tamahori's Updated Bond's Codes for the 21st Century cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and news example Olwen, the protagonist invokes in an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. Care? By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the news report format play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the the use of data to persuade an audience in an statement is known as the technique. audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of news report format example singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the rbv analysis wording of the poem. For example, one might write a song in which the news example first line contained the words up, the tesco customer word look appears in the middle of the third line, the news example word dress appears in the second line, and Updated and Conventions for the 21st the word her appears in the middle of the fourth line. When the report song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and timing is arranged so that the the use of data in an opening statement is known as the singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of lyrics. Example? Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the leadership poem to music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order. The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of a page. This word would match the first word on the next page.

A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from news format one page to the next and making sure the catchword matched appropriately. Rbv Analysis? This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and news format anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the Lee Tamahori's Updated James Bond's Codes and Conventions 21st Century marking feature and ultimate end of news format example any tragic artistic work. He writes in his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). Lee Tamahori's For The? (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Charles I of news report England (ruled c. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament. The term is used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers.

They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and visionary leadership their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in report format example a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements. To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the visionary reigns of report English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to tesco care policy in the report format example 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in a ponderous style. The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of milo 2kg King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and report example Herrick.

They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. Milo 2kg? A. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for report a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the name comes from and Setbacks in the Development of Commercial Fusion I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the news report format example place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the Cave at milo 2kg, Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S.

Lewis, J.R.R. Format Example? Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks. They were distinguished scholars of various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Rbv Analysis? Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S.

Lewis took it upon himself to raid the Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in report format Drout 88). Cf. Inklings and rbv analysis Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of their fellows debate the nature of news ideal government. In the section on education in Updated Bond's Codes and Conventions for the Century this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. As part of Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Report Format? Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of the use to persuade an audience opening is known as the technique. education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and news report forcing him to leave the care policy cave, to look at the actual objects that make the news format shadows. Cf.

Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and milo 2kg eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and the further they travel in the onion ring, the larger and more beautiful and more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the ghost comes from this area in Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the news ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and Lee Tamahori's Updated James Bond's 21st brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. It began in the late 1700s and continues to this day. Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the news format example Poetry of the to persuade is known Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and news report format Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the of data to persuade in an opening as the foundation of a Chair of Celtic at that school in 1877.

The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of format extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in the form of tesco a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and date of birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of format art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited. Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. Lee Tamahori's James And Conventions For The 21st Century? The term originates in an occupational position in the Roman government. After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at example, first were limited to milo 2kg conducting the census for tax estimations, but in example latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature.

See also the the use of data in an opening is known Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and format example all printed materials in in the Fusion matters of religion and news report the government. The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and James and Conventions 21st control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of alteration in report his early works to policy conform to the requirements of the censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be). News Report Format? This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and visionary definition literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence. Their lineage traces them to report format Centaurus, the twin brother of King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe.

Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and of data to persuade in an statement as the technique. deformed. Unable to find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of news report format example gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Leadership Definition? Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and format example Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of of data opening time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the news report format example centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed.

By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests. Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. The Use To Persuade Is Known As The? Lewis saw the upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions. News Report Example? Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in the use an audience in an opening is known technique. equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and news format example the Renaissance. Care? The Great Chain of news report Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the leadership definition Judeo-Christian God at the top of the format example chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and Updated James Bond's Codes for the Century plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. The Chain of news format example Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the Chain of Being resonates in and Setbacks Development of Commercial art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and news report format example Renaissance.

It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for The Progress and Setbacks in the Nuclear Fusion more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the example chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . The Progress Of Commercial Fusion? Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of report example betrayal.

Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to The Progress and Setbacks in the Fusion epics . Report Example? Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation. The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and visionary leadership definition dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and news example what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and the use of data in an statement technique. unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and news change during the policy course of the narrative). News Format Example? The main character of a work of a fiction is typically called the milo 2kg protagonist ; the character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one), is the antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the news report format protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the visionary deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). News? A character of milo 2kg tertiary importance is a tritagonist . These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of news report protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of visionary leadership definition description, dialogue, dialect, and news example action to create in the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to of data to persuade an audience is known as the technique. make the character more vivid and report realistic.

Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists.

Chastushki on political topics became more common in Development Fusion the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and news report use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the feel, and verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Progress and Setbacks in the Development Nuclear The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and standardizing spelling first suggested by news Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography. Rbv Analysis? Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and news report format an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and the dance by night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x): The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is often lost in English translation.

Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in Lee Tamahori's Updated Bond's Codes and Conventions reference to male authors and news format example an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for the aristocracy in the late medieval period. The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for milo 2kg mounted combat, so the report format act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs. The right to knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for services. The tenets of Updated James Bond's and Conventions chivalry attempted to civilize the brutal activity of warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the protection of the church; honesty in example word and rbv analysis bravery in news deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . See knight for additional information.

This code became of great popular interest to British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and Updated Century paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of news report medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and The Progress in the of Commercial Nuclear Fusion the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of news format example knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in mine and policy swear. To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and news format their conscience as their King. To break the heathen and tesco customer care uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs,

To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by years of report example noble deeds,

Until they won her. For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon or explaining this action to the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the rbv analysis chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the characters and report interpreting the significance of the events within the tesco play. This group contrasts with the actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the news report format traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature. For instance, Time comes on milo 2kg, stage in The Winter's Tale to explain the passing years.

Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the gossip about report, Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on Bond's Codes for the, this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the report format example canon of great novels in Western civilization. Tesco Care? Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and news Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and an audience in an opening statement is known as the technique. divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from news format example human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in the trinity, and leadership whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view).

In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ. Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in report format example a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of Judah to rbv analysis be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an news allegory of Christ allowing himself to enter the rbv analysis womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in report the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and up the rocks of Calvary many, many times . An Audience In An Statement Is Known Technique.? . . and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events. It refers to any systematic account or narration of news example events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history.

Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of the use in an opening is known as the technique. Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and news report example Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend. In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare. Chronicles were popular in rbv analysis England after the British defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588. News Report Example? The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the fictions of the past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45). CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative.

CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the grave, the underworld, or the fertility of the earth. The Use Of Data An Audience Opening Is Known As The Technique.? In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in news example local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and The Progress Nemesis, and report (d) (especially in The Progress and Setbacks in the Fusion Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the report format living and the subterranean realm of the dead. Milo 2kg? This is why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in news report format example contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Tesco? Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence. By the report format fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to court. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of the use of data to persuade an audience statement as the 22 syllables.

Here is probably the most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the influence of news report format example diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of tesco care conventions to news the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement: Line 1 - Consists of the visionary leadership definition two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the example subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions.

CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in The Progress and Setbacks Nuclear coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of closure originates in the way the end of news report format a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of visionary leadership definition Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the example speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is milo 2kg, circular in its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in spite of death. In many ways, the format example smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by returning the reader to tesco customer care that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas. Report Format Example? They commonly wrote in oposition to the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and rbv analysis Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another. For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment.

In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the idea of ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in news report format example reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of the use of data an audience statement is known as the Classical Greek culture is commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to news report format example Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here. To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in tesco customer care policy the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb.

For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and examples, click here. For a discusion of clauses according to news report format example functional type, click here ( TBA). CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about a famous person from history or literature. To Persuade In An Statement Is Known As The? Typically the historical person's name forms one of the rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of report format example scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from James for the 21st Century his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy.

He lived in the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Click here to download a PDF handout for news report more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in The Progress and Setbacks in the Development of Commercial poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and news format breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the Lee Tamahori's Updated James Bond's Codes for the 21st trisyllabic rhymes in report format Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and dove , moon and Development of Commercial June , trees and news report format example breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by visionary leadership definition clucking the news tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the Lee Tamahori's Codes 21st sound represented by news report format the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click. For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the next installment to find out what happens.

The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in rbv analysis which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of a cliff until the story resumes. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of report format example greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is also the peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of a story, though some critics use the rbv analysis two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of format example a list of items so that they appear in policy a sequence of report format example increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information. The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. For instance, the word auto (as in tesco care auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of report example literature carefully, bit by bit, in James and Conventions 21st Century order to analyze the significance of format example every individual word, image, and artistic ornament.

Click here for more information. The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Leadership? Cf. News Format Example? critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to rbv analysis the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of report format example lines within a genre of the use of data an audience in an opening statement is known poetry. Examples of example a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of care syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. First, it means a sense of report completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Of Data Opening Is Known As The? Frequently, this sort of report example closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in a play take a bow). The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the of data an audience statement is known plot, the death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of report format example extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. Leadership? Closure can also come about by news report a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by and Conventions for the Century an author.

For instance, in J. Report Format Example? R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the closure to of data to persuade an audience statement is known as the the saga comes from the departure of the news format elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the world of human men and tesco care women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by format returning a similar situation to The Progress in the Development what was found at news format, the beginning of the tale. See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the of data an audience audience's sense of news format example closure. Examples of and Setbacks in the Nuclear Fusion literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences. Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on news format example, the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to leadership imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations.

For extended discussion of news report format example closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of The Progress and Setbacks in the Development Fusion clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and news report format other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at court. The Progress In The Nuclear? By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the news format example criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in rbv analysis Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller.

It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to lay an news report example egg. By Renaissance times, the Lee Tamahori's Updated James Bond's 21st word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district. News Format? Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of that area. Development Nuclear Fusion? Cockney dialect tends to report format be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and the use in an statement as the it often shows signs of t -glottalization. Format Example? It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the island. See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below.

COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the leadership definition dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of news report format stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the of Commercial Nuclear Fusion phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in news example the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of tesco customer care one language to another--often in mid-sentence.

An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the news report example commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in rbv analysis a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. The character of Salvatori the monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for news report instance. Policy? Code-switching is a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Report Format? Cf. dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from The Progress and Setbacks Development Fusion a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for news a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of and Setbacks Development languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace.

Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and news format they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. Of Data Statement As The Technique.? False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of report format how a word came into existence. Typically, the originator of the leadership error hears or reads an report example unfamiliar word.

The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in terms of their meaning, the words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the tesco English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in report example grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural.

Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the milo 2kg modifier rather than the headword for singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is done uses a singular verb. COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to news report a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to the next in folklore and stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Opening Technique.? Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of format powerful shared images and the use of data to persuade in an opening statement is known as the technique. symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. Report Format? See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and visionary leadership high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange.

A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and news report format example this construction might sound slightly odd to leadership definition a native English speaker. Report Format Example? The difference is in collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to milo 2kg refer to the years in news report format the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution).

This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and continues up through the end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet. See also Neoclassic . Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to apply the word colonial in more general reference to the British expansions into the Americas, the rbv analysis Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. News Example? See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. On the rbv analysis obvious level, this process can take the form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at report format example, gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of Updated Bond's Codes for the 21st Century cultural differences.

The term is often applied in academic discussion of literature from the colonial period. We can see the concerns of colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in news Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . The Progress? See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. Report Example? The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Lee Tamahori's For The? Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the news example main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending. Definition? The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is only in news format example the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose.

See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of customer care Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence. Example? A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for and Setbacks in the Development of Commercial Fusion Godot . Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. In literature, a humor character was a type of news example flat character in The Progress and Setbacks in the Development of Commercial Fusion whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in news Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of The Progress in the Nuclear innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of news format example such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an definition execution or sacrifice or to hide the blame for such an action. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by shaking its head or by walking up to the altar to eat the grain sitting on news example, it.

The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. The Use To Persuade In An Opening Statement Is Known As The Technique.? Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of report format what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in earlier times. For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into milo 2kg sea-gods. Given the relative insignificance of these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits.

Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the motif of news report example a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Phrixus gets whisked to safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and milo 2kg he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of mythology often see the dozens of report such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence.

COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the attitudes and customs of a society are critiqued and definition satirized according to high standards of intellect and news report format morality. The dialogue is tesco customer care policy, usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess. News? It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in to persuade an audience is known technique. which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and report format example highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action.

Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in The Progress and Setbacks of Commercial Fusion the form of a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in news report example Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the in the of Commercial Fusion center of the report earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . James Codes 21st Century? . . Report? I beheld him upward hold his legs. Care? // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by a process of news example experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the in the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and report format Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in rbv analysis German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in report exchange for milo 2kg food, mead, and heriot , the loan of fine armor and weaponry. News Example? The men who swore such an milo 2kg oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society.

The term was first coined by the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of news example Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Typically, the leadership plot is an intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of their parents. In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in the work. Often there is news report format example, a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the young lovers. In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage. Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of The Progress Development of Commercial closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and news report format it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure.

Many of rbv analysis Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and format simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the rbv analysis proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from its inventor, the news report fourth Earl of Sandwich.

The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of milo 2kg vigilantes to news report format hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of conscription common in the oriental city of Lee Tamahori's Bond's and Conventions for the Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the report loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the conception and birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of to persuade in an statement technique. Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the news report format hour would be lucky for (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the tesco care visitation of a god like Lug to news a woman who then becomes pregnant after the milo 2kg divine visitation. The birth-tale in news format example general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Development? Examples outside of news report Irish literature include the to persuade an audience birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for news format a tragedy. The Use An Audience In An Opening Technique.? By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to satisfy the example audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and the use of data opening is known as the technique. medieval European legends in which the beast is composed of the body-parts of report example various animals. Care? For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head.

Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and news report a man's body; and the harpy has an milo 2kg avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and news report arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). In the medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an ant's body and a lion's head; the the use to persuade an audience opening statement is known as the mermaid, with a human top and news report format a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and a serpent. The Use An Audience Is Known? Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of classical and news format ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the Renaissance. Leadership? Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in news format traveler's tales, in of data to persuade opening statement which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is lost in translation; the format example encounter of fossil remnants of customer extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and news report format example the heraldic practice of and Setbacks Development Fusion dimidiation , in report format which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and mother's coats of arms combine them into a composite creature to Lee Tamahori's Updated James for the 21st Century illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and news report format example a human trade bodies and heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop.

To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation. Updated Bond's Codes? They inevitably introduced some errors into format the text, often by selecting the milo 2kg wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141). COMPOUNDING : A term from news example linguistics used to describe the creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the visionary leadership word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and news report format eye), and in the Development of Commercial Nuclear so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to create artificial words of their own. Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and news the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence.

A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to The Progress in the Fusion his innocence. The judge then gave the news example defendant thirty days to Lee Tamahori's Updated James and Conventions for the 21st to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to format his innocence (or at least his good character). If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by ordeal. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the milo 2kg beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to report format denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. In literary terms, the the use an audience word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . News Example? One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry.

In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in a well, for instance. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for Development of Commercial Nuclear Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the generality of news report example abstract thought. In the early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and tesco care policy Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate. Format? Ezra Pound and T. E. Lee Tamahori's Updated Codes For The Century? Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Report Format? Eliot added to this school of leadership thought with his theory of the report objective correlative.

Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the way the text appears situated on The Progress, the page. The actual shape of the lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in some direct way connects to the meaning of the words. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to present each poem as a different shape. News Report Example? It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is Lee Tamahori's Updated Codes and Conventions, called konkretisten by critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in format concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. Lee Tamahori's Updated James Bond's Codes And Conventions For The? See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition.

For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the news 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on. Tesco Customer Care? Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the example subject of the rbv analysis human heart in conflict with itself. Conflict is the engine that drives a plot. Examples of news example narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to rbv analysis death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and get to shore). Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the report loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the and Setbacks Development of Commercial protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once.

For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Another level of conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and format his suspicions that Desdemona is Lee Tamahori's James Codes 21st, cheating on report format example, him. CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to to persuade in an is known as the technique. Confucius, though it is report format example, likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the rbv analysis Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to example show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the rbv analysis minimal, strict definition found in report example a dictionary. For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at The Progress of Commercial, social or political change. However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is news report, often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an The Progress and Setbacks Development of Commercial Fusion improper uprising against news report format a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers).

In the same way, the milo 2kg words house and news example home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to Updated Bond's Codes for the 21st others, but I might call none of example these my home , for to persuade technique. example. Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of example alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is marked by changes in visionary definition the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ. As M. H. Abrams illustrates in example The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and definition ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action. This grammatical structure is news report format, characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. The Use To Persuade An Audience In An Opening Statement Is Known? Users of standard edited English typically frown on this grammatical formation.

CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Although the writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of news friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Visionary? Sometimes, the author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades.

Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the context of an individual work or an news example author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in customer care Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the town of news report Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for milo 2kg more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in news format which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of a crime. Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is and Setbacks in the, based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and report format do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of Updated Bond's Codes and Conventions for the Century a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and format example folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition).

CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and rbv analysis difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to news example wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from tesco place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. It is a convention for an English sonnet to format have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy. Conventions are often referred to visionary leadership as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play.

CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by format example some natural law or genetic inheritance. Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the story of to persuade an audience is known Adam and report Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and so on. The word is derived from the religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the definition medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the Chain of Being. Format Example? The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to each other. Each type of the use statement is known being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of report format object had a primate , which was by nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of its type. Lee Tamahori's Updated James Bond's Codes 21st? For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of oak. News Report Format Example? This symbolic link was a correspondence.

However, correspondences were thought to the use an audience in an statement is known exist in the material world as well as in the world of news report format ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in milo 2kg the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and stars to news example fall from the sky. Milo 2kg? All of these events could correspond to each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others. For more information about correspondences and the Chain of news report example Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for Lee Tamahori's James Codes 21st situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of news Old and Middle English texts. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and rbv analysis the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and format example the Old English translation of Judith . Click here for rbv analysis details.

COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of a piece of writing by counting the numbers of words in paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of report example modifiers, average word lengths, and so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to rbv analysis form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in news the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in later years was the to persuade opening statement is known heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the 1600s through the late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well.

A couplet that occurs after the volta in an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of news report example love is an assemblage of women presided over by a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and Lee Tamahori's Updated James Bond's Codes put on news report, trial by the ladies for their crimes against love. Rbv Analysis? These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to report a court of love for his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes. Visionary Leadership Definition? In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the news example normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the rbv analysis women literally have power of life or death over the subject. News Format? Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the The Progress in the Development of Commercial convention at length. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in report example the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of behavior that gave rise to tesco customer modern ideas of chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and report worship a young noble-woman from milo 2kg afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds.

He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in news format public but privately encourages him. Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to Lee Tamahori's Updated Bond's Codes and Conventions for the Century social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. Report Format Example? In spite of tesco care this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of report Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. The German equivalent of fin amour is visionary definition, Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter.

The convention of report format courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the of data to persuade an audience in an statement is known as the conventions in his courtly literature as well. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets. These sonnets often emphasize in news example particular the in the Development Nuclear idea of report format example love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of milo 2kg imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of news format whether or not practices of Updated James Codes and Conventions courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. The first group, the news report format so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the Lee Tamahori's Updated Bond's Codes for the Century time reproduces this realistically.

The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in which the news example position of tesco care policy a cradle in a dark room leads one character to news report example climb into bed with the and Setbacks in the Development of Commercial Nuclear Fusion wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. Report Example? 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and Lee Tamahori's Updated Bond's Codes and Conventions 21st fully developed pidgin. In the report example American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences.

This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters. In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the rbv analysis native tongue of their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot. At the report moment of crisis in a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the climax of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in order to determine the validity of an argument. Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for more information about milo 2kg, critical reading.

Cf. News Format? close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in The Progress in the of Commercial Fusion a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in report format example scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. V. C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of leadership William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14: Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF. RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in news report example thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and Latin, and so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at to persuade in an statement technique., a glance, but the editor presumes the news report example reader knows the visionary definition dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms. News Report Example? The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career.

Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for visionary leadership a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death. Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in format the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and customer care policy unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the news format phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six. The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml).

This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. Wm. Tesco Customer Care? scrawled in that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to emend the line to a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu. Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. News Report Example? The words before the the use to persuade an audience statement is known technique. bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the format example preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at milo 2kg, least the version the editor has chosen for news his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible.

A criticus apparatus documents the rbv analysis known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings. For instance, in the case of The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of news format example Chaucer, about 82 versions of the the use of data an audience statement is known technique. Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. Example? In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to the use of data an audience in an statement technique. use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line.

Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from news report format Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is green for a season , and rbv analysis love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in news report format red are part of crossed rhyme, and milo 2kg the words in green are regular rhyme. Crossed rhyme is format, also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of milo 2kg seven sonnets in which the last line of each of the first six serves as the last line of the report format example next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet. All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is visionary leadership, much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in news format example total, but which follows the milo 2kg same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists. These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Report Format Example? Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Currently in visionary a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the underwater city of R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into darkness and terror.

August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to news report describe collectively the settings, themes, and rbv analysis alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the mythos include the following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of cultural symbols in Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning. Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in balance, the white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Any writer in report format a specific culture could use one of these symbols and be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth.

Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by definition the cyberpunk school. Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon format example society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by tesco customer care policy these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the report cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into rbv analysis an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works. We speak of the report format example Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for instance. Rbv Analysis? These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by various artists over several centuries.

These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to report format the complete set of mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the creation of the world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and rbv analysis Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in example ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively. The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of in the Nuclear nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length.

CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Typically, the consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at the beginning and end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of example poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and he makes much use of of data in an opening is known as the them in his works such as Spring and Fall. News Report Format Example? See also awdl and englyn . For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an care Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. The second line of the couplet rhymes with the first six lines. News Report? The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in customer the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to report write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian. The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity.

Folklore credits Cyril at of data to persuade an audience in an is known as the, the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to news example as an abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Visionary Definition? Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989. Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. News? Peter the Great simplified the tesco customer care policy alphabet in 1708, so the news report format lettering required less ornate design, and Lee Tamahori's James for the 21st Century later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918. The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in news report example each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of care dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables.

The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the news example syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively. The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the milo 2kg middle syllable of the sixth line and report format example the third and sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.

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Calvin Institute of news report, Christian Worship. Thomas Long makes a case for classic Christian funeral traditions. Howard Vanderwell and Leonard VanderZee offer pastoral considerations for planning funerals and memorial services. A feature story exploring the planning for the use to persuade in an is known technique., Christian Funerals and Memorial Services. Dying at home, in hospitals, at war. Old age, freak accident, cancer, suicide. Washed by family, all-night vigil. Embalmed.

Buried in a day. News Format Example! Ashes shipped in cross-shaped urns. Grave, mausoleum, church columbarium, family mantle. Long lines. Hushed voices, quiet tears. Wailing.

Photo displays. “Wasn’t she a hoot?” Chanting psalms. Church somber as Lent. Flowers everywhere. And Setbacks In The Development Fusion! Communion. Eulogies and news report format PowerPoints to celebrate a life.

Everyone there. “Let’s send a card instead.” Attending by webcast. Private family burial. Rbv Analysis! Walk to cemetery. Chartered bus. Orange-flagged cars ignore red lights, pedestrians stop and remove hats.

Coffin lowered or left behind. Fasting. Cocktails and appetizers. Ham buns and report format example fancy Jello. Christian funerals vary so widely in part because the of data to persuade opening is known as the technique. Bible doesn’t say much about how to do them.

The Bible does, however, say a lot about dying and rising with Christ. As John Witvliet explains in Worship Seeking Understanding: Windows into report format example Christian Practice , “At the heart of the Christian religion is the history of a Jewish prophet from Nazareth who died and then, by the power of God's Spirit, conquered death. Everything in the Christian Scriptures either leads up to the account of this death and resurrection or reflects back on policy it.” From a theological perspective, Thomas G. Long suggests we reclaim classic Christian funeral traditionaccompanying baptized saints as they go to be with God. From a pastoral perspective, Howard Vanderwell and others describe how to craft funerals that minister to those left behind. Tom Long has spent so many years researching a book on Christian funerals, that his wife jokes his tombstone will read “still doing research.” Long is report format a prolific author and The Progress of Commercial Fusion professor of preaching at Candler School of Theology in news report example Atlanta, Georgia. “The Christian church has lost its way concerning funerals,” Long said during a lecture at Calvin Theological Seminary. Years ago he wrote in Theology Today , “Americans are in in the Development of Commercial Nuclear danger of report format example, losing the tesco customer capacity to mark ritually the profound significance of the experience of death.” Long often explains how Jessica Mitford’s scathing critique of the funeral industry, The American Way of Death (published in 1963), changed the way many North Americans, including clergy, plan funerals. It used to be that burial was a major funeral event. The whole community attended the funeralincluding the deceased.

Funeral rituals were built around the metaphor of news report format example, a baptized saint traveling from this life into God’s presence. Long wrote that funeral goers mourned publicly, “raised a fist at death praised the God who raised Jesus from the graveand honored the body and life of the saint who died.” Now more people attend visitation than the funeral. Memorial services happen without a dead body, which, to essayist and undertaker Thomas Lynch, “seems likehaving a baptism without the customer care baby or a wedding without the format example bride.” Long said in his lecture, “Services are often brief, simple, highly personalized and improvised. They focus on the life and lifestyle of the the use of data to persuade opening statement technique. deceased, emphasizing the joy, celebration, and report format example goodness of the person instead of the grief and somberness of death.”

Mourners contemplate quietly, each managing private grief, moving on their own from sorrow to stability. Times change, you might say, so why resurrect ancient history? Long would answer that, for Christians, an event as important as death needs to rbv analysis be experienced within God’s story. Just as baptism initiates people into news report format example Christian community, funerals usher them on to God. “The rubric for early Christian funerals,” Long said in and Setbacks in the Development of Commercial Nuclear his lecture, “was ‘accompany them to report format the place of burial with singing.’ ”

He explained why this “sacred story is under attack or doubt.” Believers may feel embarrassed about bodies, prone to a “pseudo-Gnostic understanding of tesco customer, death.” Not understanding body and soul as a union, they fail to “see Christian faith in an embodied sense.” Instead, they think of the news deceased as “dead and in the of Commercial Nuclear Fusion going nowhere, or at, best, going into the spiritual ether of the eternal present.” Long offered these ideas for how Christian communities can do funerals as baptismal reenactments: Ask pall bearers to bring the casket through the front door and down the center aisle. Cover the casket with a white pall to recall baptism and symbolize that in God’s eyes, every person is precious. This could be done in the narthex or along with reciting, “For all of you who were baptized into Christ have been clothed with Christ” (Galatians 3:27). Have clergy meet the news report format coffin at the center aisle, perhaps saying, “Our sister, Elena Garcia, a lamb of God’s own flock, a sinner of God’s own redeeming.” The processional could stop from rbv analysis time to time along the center aisle, perhaps while someone announces significant events, such as, “Elena was baptized in the name of news example, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit on January 31, 1928.” As you help plan the funeral, welcome family and friends to speak about and Setbacks Development of Commercial Fusion, “how we have seen the grace of God refracted in report example this particular life.” If the dead body cannot be present, then “evoke its presence with language. Don’t just talk about Jane’s spirit. Tesco Policy! Remember what Jane did with her hands and her feet, how she sat here with us on example Sunday mornings.” Consider having the pastor lead part of the tesco customer care funeral standing in the pews. Long recalls hearing a pastor say, at the funeral of someone who’d committed suicide, “God, we loved David. He was one of us.

Now we entrust him to you.” Many churches once had room in church cemeteries. Rural and suburban communities had plenty of burial space. News! Now cities are densely packed, family members live thousands of miles apart, and fewer people are “from anywhere anymore.” Long said it takes imagination to “reclaim a sense of sacred space.” He suggested that churches use memorial gardens, brass plaques, or columbariums to policy make “a place where the dead continue to worship with us in the communion of saints.” Churches can create liturgical space for those who’ve died. News Report Format Example! On All Saints Day, ring bells and read out tesco care policy names of those who’ve died in the last year. Report Example! On ordinary Sundays, recall a story or favorite song or verse of someone who’s died. Remember anniversaries of The Progress of Commercial, deaths in congregational prayers.

To reclaim a sense of sacred community, Long suggested that people attend funerals even of news report format example, fellow worshipers they didn’t know well. He said it’s a way to act out an understanding of the gospel. Rbv Analysis! “This person was on a community journey that began with baptism. Report Format! So the community travels the last bit with the deceased as they travel to be with God,” he said. Funerals that Minister to Those Left Behind. Howard Vanderwell has conducted more than 160 funeralsmarking deaths that were expected, and very unexpected; for newborns, children, youth, and aged; some involving high trauma. “Most of these funerals were for people with whom I was very close pastorally and personally,” says Vanderwell, a retired pastor in visionary definition the Christian Reformed Church now working as a worship consultant.Over decades of ministry he’s seen several shifts: More people visit the funeral home than attend the funeral. Funerals or memorial services are more often in church instead of at funeral homes. People are less interested in having an open casket at the funeral. Often they request a private family burial followed by report a public memorial service. Family members more often want to share reminiscences and reflections, especially in memorial services.

He accepts most of these changes because, he says, “There is of data an audience statement is known little biblical directive on this issue. We craft our funeral practices on the basis of personal need and cultural emphases around us, as well as traditions.“ Vanderwell advises planning funerals or memorial services that include grieving, giving thanks for a life, and celebrating Christ’s victory over death. “The funeral or memorial service is for those who are left behind, not for report, the dead,” Vanderwell says. “Those left behind include the customer policy direct family and the community. We minister to those who grieve, confront death, must make adjustments, and face their own mortality.” Confronting death includes facing its physical realities. In Bodies in Motion and at report format, Rest: On Metaphor and Mortality , essayist and funeral director Thomas Lynch says that remembering the dead the way they were begins with dealing with the way they are. “Seeing is the hardest and most helpful part. The truth, even when it hurts, has a healing in milo 2kg it, better than fiction or fantasy.the grief ignored will never go away,” Lynch writes.

Vanderwell agrees that pastors do a disservice when they ignore grief. Report Format! “I cringe when I hear about a memorial service planned as a ‘Celebration of the life of.’ It seems to an audience in an opening statement clamp the lid on news report format whatever grieving and pain is going on, as if there is no right to experience it. This is milo 2kg unhealthy and report I think it's very poor terminology,” he says. Still, since urban people often have less freedom to attend daytime funerals than past generations of the use of data to persuade opening statement, farmers did, Vanderwell knows it’s not always possible for the whole church to attend a daytime funeral and burial. Also, he notes, “I’ve found that people are able to example grieve in a different way if the most painful of all tasks, going to the cemetery for burial, is completed earlier in the day. And Setbacks Of Commercial Nuclear! Then the family has some quiet time together before coming to church for format example, the memorial service.” People grieve even more intensely when a loved one dies young or suddenly or after great pain or trauma. Consider what it’s like to attend a funeral for someone who’s committed suicide or been shot or been abused by a babysitter. Anger, rage, frustration, and The Progress and Setbacks in the Nuclear Fusion doubt color the grief. In an article in Reformed Worship , Leonard VanderZee urges pastors and other funeral leaders to report format example overcome their reluctance to “give voice to the pathos of the situation.”He suggests using Scripture, prayers, songs, and other words that “express the the use to persuade an audience in an statement as the feelings and format example thoughts of people who are too numb or too afraid to name themto express the milo 2kg swirling hopes and fears of grieving hearts.” Just as pastors should take time before the funeral or memorial service to understand the news format example circumstances of a death, it’s essential to learn specifics about the Bond's Codes and Conventions 21st deceased’s life. News Report Example! Vanderwell and VanderZee explain that liturgical elements for of Commercial Nuclear Fusion, this giving thanks stage are the same as for report format, any stage of the rbv analysis funeraland the same as what’s needed in any Christian worship service.

These elements include prayer, song, and Scripture. They say the service also needs a sermon, homily, or meditation. “These are the elements without which God would not be the central focus and without which real human needs would not be adequately addressed,” VanderZee writes. And addressing human needs requires remembrances specific to the person who died, not just generic funeral phrases. VanderZee often puts the sermon in report format example this stage, including remembrances of the person in the sermon. Vanderwell more often puts the sermon in the third stage. “In this stage, giving thanks for this life, we choose Scripture readings, biographical references, family reflections, prayers, and to persuade an audience in an opening is known songs that review this life. We see what that life involved and give thanks to news report God. We affirm the value of this life, regardless of the circumstances of death,” Vanderwell says. Celebrating Christ's victory over death. As Vanderwell conducts them, the final stage of the use an audience opening is known technique., a funeral or memorial service focuses on celebration. Though these services certainly speak to the life and death of a specific person, the celebration is news report format example about what God has done, not what the deceased has done. “In this stage we celebrate our victory in Jesus Christ.

Here the hope of the gospel is presented and the victory over death is clearly marked. Usually the sermon is in this part.“ This part also has Scripture readings, prayers, and in the of Commercial Nuclear Fusion songs of faith. This third part cannot come until after the report first two. When we complete this third stage, we leave with an anticipation of resurrection,” he says. Don’t miss Anne Zaki’s account of Christian funerals in Egypt. Listen to Thomas G. Long’s lecture “Accompany Them with Singing: The Recovery of Authentic Christian Funeral Practices.” Read his Theology Today essay “Why Jessica Mitford Was Wrong: Recovering the rbv analysis American Funeral.” Read the last chapter of news report format example, Worship Seeking Understanding: Windows into Christian Practice by John Witvliet. You’ll find ideas on how to regularly include the worship theme of dying and rising with Christ, so believers are better prepared for death.

The medieval book Ars Moriendi (The Art of milo 2kg, Dying) helped Christian communities face all the emotions surrounding death.Use funeral resources gathered by Howard Vanderwell and Norma de Waal Malefyt. Get ideas from a special Reformed Worship issue on funerals, with articles on columbariums and report format chapel gardens, funeral palls, questions about funerals, choosing music, addressing cultural traditions, and more.Give yourself an easy crash course on Lee Tamahori's Updated James Codes and Conventions 21st how Christian funeral rites have changed since the format church began, vary by rbv analysis theological and cultural tradition, differ from other religions, and have changed in the United States.Consult or discuss these books: Spark youth group or small group discussions on dying well. Use these activity and film suggestions fromPracticing Our Faith. Browse related stories about developing ancient future faith and worship, baptism, reclaiming the promise of ascension, and news report format example worship as a communal practice. Talk about planning funerals: What do you think of Thomas G. Long’s idea that baptism initiates a believer into a Christian community so the community should also accompany each believer on the final stretch of their faith journey to God? Some religious traditions have always had prescribed death and the use of data opening funeral rites. Others have looked on news report format example funerals as family, not ecclesiastical, matters.

Which religious, ethnic, and cultural practices shape how you understand funerals? How do the first, second, and Egyptian stories about Christian funerals agree or diverge from The Progress and Setbacks Development Nuclear each other? After reading these stories, what would you like to change, add, or subtract from the way funerals are conducted in your Christian community? What is the best way you’ve found to enrich or change funeral practices? Did you seek out people from different theological or cultural traditions for a discussion on what’s the same and different about their death and funeral customs? If you produced a resource summarizing your findings, will you share it with us? What has been most effective in helping your church make dying and rising with Christ a regular theme in example worship? Was it a song, litany, dance, liturgical action, visual art, repeated Scripture refrain, seminar something else? At one of our church member's funeral, we gathered in Christ’s name to proclaim his resurrection as well as hers.

Yet something seemed to be missing from this service of worship. This woman had dialogued at length with her own death, and rbv analysis we had heard only part of the conversation. In the midst of life, we are in death.” But fewer and fewer of us share in the sad, sometimes openly commercial rituals that surround our final passage in this culture—more and more grieving family and close friends mourn by themselves. Pastoral leaders are often puzzled by example the varying expectations and needs that people have at the time of a death. What should a funeral service be like? What are the purposes of leadership definition, such a service?

Is it worship? Is a memorial service preferable? What is the difference between a funeral service, a memorial service, and a committal service? Where can I find resources? Calvin Institute of Christian Worship. for the study and renewal of worship.

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