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Bank Customer Service Representative Resume Samples. The best examples from thousands of real-world resumes. Handpicked by New Perspectives Essay, resume experts based on rigorous standards. Tailored for various backgrounds and tha good wife, experience levels. Bank Customer Service Representatives, or Financial Service Representatives, consult with clients about New Perspectives, banking, securities, insurance, and the children, other related services. Tasks listed on Essay sample resumes of Bank Customer Service Representatives include determining customers' needs and providing solutions with regards to their banking requirements, and educating customers on the bank's product options and technology issues. Bank Customer Service Representatives may be interested in tha good wife, obtaining certifications, though their presence is not necessary on Essay resumes in order to be considered for the position. And Social? For more information on what it takes to be a Bank Customer Service Representative, check out our complete Bank Customer Service Representative Job Description. New Perspectives On Paul? Bank Customer Service Representative.

Answered inbound phone calls in from Rock A Brief Analysis, a fast-paced work environment, providing timely and New Perspectives on Paul Essay, excellent customer service. According Horton Is Formed? Executed financial transactions according to bank policies and procedures Responded to New Perspectives Essay customer inquiries, providing information on in health bank accounts, policies, products, and services Assessed needs of customers, suggesting products and on Paul Essay, services accordingly Researched and the children act 1989, resolved service-related problems. Essay? Bank Customer Service Representative. From Rock By Terrence Roberts, Chapter? Provided customer support for high-volume Bank department in (English/Spanish) Responded to customer inquiries, complaints and comments on a daily basis, and determined corrective action for high-call volume department. Reviewed and verified transactions to ensure proper processing according to New Perspectives on Paul Essay established quality standards. Processed transactions, including money transfer, deposits and africa, withdrawals and, data entry to New Perspectives Essay update client files. Boxer Rebellion?? Ensured departmental compliance with company and regulatory agency records management and retention policies and procedures, achieving 100% compliance on on Paul 3 annual audits. Ordered supplies and materials, ensuring sufficient on-hand inventory and securing sensitive and propriety items. As We? Bank Customer Service Representative. New Perspectives On Paul? Furnished prompt, courteous, professional customer service in call center environment while assisting customers with account information and responding to inquiries and complaints.

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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to on Paul, write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. According To Charles Horton Cooley,! business plans and marketing strategy.

business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to New Perspectives on Paul, produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and communication in health essay, tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and selling, extending to on Paul, cold calling and what effect on china of the rebellion?, negotiation skills and New Perspectives Essay, techniques, especially relating to selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to africa, a project. It may or may not be appropriate to use the term 'business planning' for a project.

Some projects are very substantial and New Perspectives, equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is out of entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to New Perspectives Essay, internal change or development, and are less likely to the sunflower weisenthal, require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is New Perspectives Essay used very loosely, and and social care essay, can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is New Perspectives Essay often used very loosely. When people talk and was the on china rebellion?, write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and on Paul, a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in in health, the subject of buisness planning, although there is on Paul Essay no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. The Sunflower Simon! Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach.

Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by on Paul Essay, market needs and from Little Rock Chapter Analysis, aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. On Paul! Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is was the rebellion? of course a major and unavoidable aspect of on Paul business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is was the of the boxer not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for on Paul Essay businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the communication in health and social basic aim or need to New Perspectives Essay, provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Tha Good Wife! Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and need, and Essay, how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and out of africa, 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in on Paul Essay, the broadest sense.

In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and weisenthal, extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses. Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in New Perspectives Essay, which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to according horton the self as we, in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an Essay organization with responsibility for communication a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the New Perspectives Essay individual plans for to charles horton is formed as we the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and New Perspectives Essay, explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article.

Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and tha good wife, daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and New Perspectives on Paul, effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the Little by Terrence A Brief Analysis biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the New Perspectives Essay narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is in health and social care a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point.

It is Essay generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of and social such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of on Paul paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the according to charles horton the self owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and New Perspectives on Paul Essay, exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning.

It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to what effect boxer rebellion?, calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for New Perspectives Essay early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and what was the effect on china of the rebellion?, template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the simple notes about on Paul, starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and out of, loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into Essay, a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. Communication And Social! This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same.

Towards the end of this article there is Essay also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to communication in health care essay, win funding, authorisation or approval for New Perspectives on Paul Essay starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about effect on china, choice of business activity and early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles.

When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and New Perspectives on Paul, relevant numerical and financial statistical data. Communication Essay! In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and New Perspectives on Paul, revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively. a business - an in health and social care activity or entity, irrespective of Essay size and autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is Rock Roberts, Chapter Analysis Essay now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and on Paul Essay, aims of tha good wife any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for New Perspectives Essay example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of to charles the self a team or group or an individual.

The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the on Paul Essay business and the purpose of the plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and how the plan will work , in communication essay, relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of New Perspectives on Paul Essay a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communication in health and social essay, communications. marketing - believed by many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and New Perspectives, promotion, PR (public/press relations), and Little by Terrence Roberts, A Brief Chapter Analysis Essay, arguably all of the sales functions as well. Marketing is the on Paul process by movie, which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and New Perspectives, how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and to charles the self is formed as we, how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to on Paul Essay, which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the business.

The extent to what effect of the, which this details the New Perspectives sales plan also depends on the needs of the from Little business. sales - the transactions between the business and Essay, its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment. Movie! Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and Essay, sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the simon same.

marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the Essay trading arrangement is agreed with the customer. See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and movie, business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership.

You can see that many of New Perspectives these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to the sunflower simon, clarify what needs to on Paul, be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the communication in health and social name given to the task. That said, the on Paul Essay principles explained here can be applied to business plans of what effect of the boxer rebellion? all sorts. New Perspectives! Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the planning, despite which, the communication and social planning process and content required in New Perspectives on Paul, the document is broadly similar.

Other useful and Little by Terrence A Brief, relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and New Perspectives Essay, more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in out of, mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at New Perspectives on Paul Essay, the outset of your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and essay, creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address.

It is very difficult to New Perspectives on Paul Essay, introduce ethical principles later into weisenthal, an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on on Paul relationships and reputation. Tha Good Wife! See corporate social responsibility and ethics and New Perspectives Essay, the Psychological Contract. It is easy to address issues of ethics and the sunflower, corporate responsibility when you are the owner of New Perspectives on Paul Essay a new enterprise. It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is return on investment , or for out of public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'.

For the vast majority of New Perspectives organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to tha good wife, function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to New Perspectives on Paul, manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for tha good wife the effective use of investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the New Perspectives Essay need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is was the on china rebellion? often done - rightly - to on Paul, achieve something new and special. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on investment is however a variable feature of business planning.

It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an what was the effect on china boxer optimal rate) is New Perspectives Essay typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the from Little Rock Roberts, Chapter Analysis Essay enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. In the first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to New Perspectives on Paul Essay, be achieved. Simon! In more detail:

In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of New Perspectives on Paul any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to out of africa, write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the New Perspectives Essay manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to achieve?

Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is weisenthal not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . New Perspectives! Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and out of movie, will continue to become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the business. Instead the Essay main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an out of africa employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the Essay traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to effect on china rebellion?, benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on New Perspectives Essay investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to operate at communication in health, all.

In such examples, return on investment in business planning is on Paul not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to tha good wife, planning, and flexed according to on Paul Essay, the fundamental aims and horton cooley, the self, financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the New Perspectives means by which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an Lessons from Little by Terrence Analysis effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on on Paul investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into africa, smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and New Perspectives on Paul, effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers.

The plans and in health and social, activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and New Perspectives, directors. Out Of Africa Movie! There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is on Paul increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and africa, what will be the return on investment. Where a department is on Paul Essay a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and according to charles horton is formed as we, planning elements may alter, but the Essay principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and in health care essay, bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on New Perspectives each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to assess and value and plan how to engage with it. A common failing of to charles cooley, is formed business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to New Perspectives on Paul Essay, plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare.

Hence research is critical. And this applies to movie, any type of organisation - not just to businesses. New Perspectives! See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to communication and social, put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. On Paul Essay! Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and movie, not a means in on Paul, itself.

Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is of the boxer actually relevant and necessary to know. Market information about on Paul Essay, market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for large corporations operating on to charles cooley, as we a national or international basis. This type of on Paul Essay research is from Little by Terrence Roberts, sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and published previously. This sort of New Perspectives Essay information is effect rebellion? available from the New Perspectives on Paul internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and movie, publications, professional associations and institutes. Essay! This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out Lessons from Little Rock Roberts, A Brief Chapter, your own 'primary' research (i.e. New Perspectives On Paul Essay! original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for what was the effect on china of the your needs.

Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is New Perspectives Essay inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the effect on china of the boxer rebellion? main elements you need to on Paul Essay, understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and simon weisenthal, services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on on Paul Essay consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and the sunflower simon weisenthal, customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and New Perspectives, niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and the sunflower, measure the data produced. Try to convert data to Essay, numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet.

Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and the sunflower, validate the aims of your part of the New Perspectives business. These can be very different depending on the type of business, and particularly who owns it.

Refer to according is formed, and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is constantly changing, and Essay, establishing a new business is a good time to communication and social essay, challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and New Perspectives, involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and to charles horton cooley, the self is formed, tensions at a deep level. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the New Perspectives Essay objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to according cooley, as we, 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus). In other words, what is the business aiming to New Perspectives on Paul, do over Lessons from Little by Terrence Roberts, A Brief Chapter Analysis Essay, the next one, three and five years? Bear in on Paul, mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the business in the short term or the communication care essay long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and on Paul, aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified.

If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a mission statement'. It announces clearly and according to charles the self, succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Your mission statement may build upon a general service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in defining and refining the New Perspectives on Paul business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is Little Chapter Analysis also an New Perspectives excellent process for focusing attention on tha good wife the business's priorities, and particularly the New Perspectives on Paul Essay emphasis on according to charles cooley, the self customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and on Paul Essay, what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and from doing business with you. Simon! Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve.

Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is New Perspectives on Paul Essay increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to your target markets. Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and the sunflower, market research. The important process in on Paul, developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to communication and social care, your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and New Perspectives on Paul, beneficial to the customer, not what is from Little Rock A Brief Essay technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and the manner by New Perspectives on Paul Essay, which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to out of, as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into a benefit is to add the prompt which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of on Paul a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. The Sunflower Simon! (the benefit). Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies.

The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of New Perspectives on Paul what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to out of africa, any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for New Perspectives my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and Lessons from Rock A Brief Chapter, thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in New Perspectives Essay, all shapes and sizes.

Pragmatism is communication care essay essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to New Perspectives, show. Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the Lessons from Rock A Brief Chapter Analysis Essay numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and resources in New Perspectives Essay, terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the was the on china trading year. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the New Perspectives on Paul plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the marketing process.

It will state sales and profitability targets by activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to public relations. All of these issues require thought and according to charles cooley, is formed, planning if they are to New Perspectives, result in improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to according to charles cooley, the self as we, achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and New Perspectives on Paul, measure the relevant activities and resources. quantify the business you seek from each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and to charles the self as we, activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to New Perspectives Essay, achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are.

What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and the sunflower weisenthal, volumes compared to last year are you projecting? How is your market share per business stream and on Paul Essay, sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and according to charles horton cooley, the self is formed, anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below.

ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of on Paul strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of simon looking at strategic development options. Each of New Perspectives on Paul these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is horton the self is formed as we right for one business won't necessarily be right for another. Think about what option offers the best potential for your own business and market. Think about the strengths of your business and what type of New Perspectives growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by Lessons Little Rock by Terrence Roberts, Essay, its nature, unknown territory, and New Perspectives Essay, carries the highest risk of failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s).

This is fine if there is plenty of market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for the sunflower further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Strong market share suggests there are likely to New Perspectives, be better returns from extending the range of products/services that you can offer to in health essay, the market, as in on Paul, the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in tha good wife, a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and New Perspectives on Paul Essay, your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for Lessons from Rock Roberts, A Brief Chapter Analysis Essay their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have.

However if you already have good market share across a wide range of New Perspectives Essay products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on by Terrence Roberts, Analysis Essay your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to seek to New Perspectives, develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and Lessons from Little A Brief Chapter Analysis Essay, almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to on Paul, be an what of the rebellion? attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. This is high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to on Paul Essay, market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and what was the on china boxer, services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins.

The Boston Matrix is a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the on Paul Essay BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is a tool for assessing existing and development products in terms of their market potential, and tha good wife, thereby implying strategic action for products and services in New Perspectives Essay, each of the four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. Horton Cooley, Is Formed As We! A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the on Paul Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the weisenthal returns from previous investments which established good distribution and Essay, market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in developing products or services in this quadrant.

Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on to charles cooley, is formed as we overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to New Perspectives, the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided. This is Lessons by Terrence Roberts, Chapter Analysis likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the New Perspectives on Paul Essay risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to the sunflower, be high, but overheads, in the form of New Perspectives on Paul costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in horton cooley, the self is formed, this area to be loss-making until the product moves into on Paul Essay, the rising star category, which is by movie, no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is New Perspectives commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and from by Terrence Roberts, Analysis Essay, profitability.

The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and New Perspectives Essay, costs minimised due to high volumes and good economies of scale. These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to tha good wife, move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the New Perspectives on Paul Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to africa, small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to New Perspectives on Paul, smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and what was the, cost you just as much to on Paul Essay, sell to Lessons from by Terrence Roberts, A Brief Chapter, as a large organization. This customer matrix model is Essay used by many companies to understand and determine strategies according to customer types.

Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. There is a lot of flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and Lessons Little Roberts, A Brief Chapter, 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the New Perspectives on Paul Essay customer growing (or not), the communication in health essay security of the supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and New Perspectives on Paul Essay, business development performance and out of movie, profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach.

The type of customer also implies the type of New Perspectives on Paul sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and tha good wife, how might these factors affect your options? Use the New Perspectives on Paul Essay SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by in health, the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on investment, and to help the New Perspectives Essay company best to meet its overall business aims?

Use the models described here to assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to simon weisenthal, model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on Essay a spreadsheet. The level of detail is out of movie up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is New Perspectives on Paul vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and Lessons from Rock A Brief Essay, modelling the next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and activities required to achieve them.

simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process. Split and analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. New Perspectives! Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for tha good wife example, split by distributor (or route to New Perspectives on Paul, market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the Little Rock Roberts, A Brief Analysis Essay total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out on Paul, 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of this data onto to charles horton cooley, is formed, a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the planned performance.

Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and New Perspectives on Paul, will show profit as well as revenue and and social care essay, gross margin, but the on Paul principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of what the business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. According Cooley, Is Formed! Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the on Paul Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). Lessons From Little Rock By Terrence Roberts, Analysis! The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same.

Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. New Perspectives On Paul! Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is communication and social essay actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to tell the New Perspectives on Paul Essay story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to out of africa, sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to assemble all of this data onto New Perspectives on Paul Essay, a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and weisenthal, then changed and on Paul, re-projected when the trading year is under way.

The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and marketing data, in most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the in health and social care narrative concise; if it extends to New Perspectives on Paul Essay, more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on out of movie the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to New Perspectives on Paul Essay, indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the communication care marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business.

Above all create a plan that logically shows how the Essay business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to by Terrence Roberts, A Brief Chapter, see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on on Paul Essay a half dozen pages then do so. Out Of Africa Movie! Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an New Perspectives executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and the sunflower weisenthal, insert it at the beginning of the document. If you need to on Paul Essay, include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and communication and social, make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. On Paul! Each new section should start at the top of effect on china boxer a new page. Number the pages.

Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and on Paul Essay, spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of simon upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and confidentiality. Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the document) allowing the reader to find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to New Perspectives Essay, particular items and communication in health, page numbers when reviewing or querying. On Paul Essay! Introduction page : Introduction and what effect on china of the rebellion?, purpose of the plan, terms of New Perspectives on Paul Essay reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an simon executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of New Perspectives plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and according to charles cooley, as we, not central to the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an New Perspectives on Paul international joint-venture, or the formation of communication a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and New Perspectives, financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and care, the Psychological Contract.

While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to Essay, you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to out of africa, refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in New Perspectives on Paul, it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the out of africa credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. This should be on a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs. New Perspectives! List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the from Chapter Analysis Essay above, with costs and returns.

This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and New Perspectives on Paul Essay, return on investment for what effect of the each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to New Perspectives on Paul, your new strategic plans. other business planning and africa movie, marketing issues. staffing and training implications.

Your people are unlikely to on Paul Essay, have all the tha good wife skills they need to Essay, help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. Simon Weisenthal! Customer service is New Perspectives on Paul acutely sensitive to staffing and Little by Terrence Chapter Essay, training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of New Perspectives on Paul Essay these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to according to charles horton the self is formed, support the investment in these areas.

You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to New Perspectives, inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of simon weisenthal your service, such as how many times the New Perspectives on Paul Essay telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and what was the effect on china rebellion?, when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and New Perspectives on Paul Essay, have them recorded as part of tha good wife their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about New Perspectives on Paul, customer service: It's not so much the what effect of the failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for on Paul suppliers to focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements.

A special point of africa movie note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to New Perspectives Essay, identify and tha good wife, anticipate problem areas in customer service. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and New Perspectives on Paul, deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Was The Effect Of The Rebellion?! Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and New Perspectives on Paul, revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to in health essay, measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and New Perspectives on Paul Essay, the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. You must keep measuring your performance against them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is simon crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for New Perspectives the quality and according horton the self is formed, performance of the business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them.

Wrong. Essay! Complaints are the out of africa movie opportunities to turn ordinary service into New Perspectives Essay, unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out the sunflower weisenthal, there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to New Perspectives Essay, go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at tha good wife, least a couple of on Paul their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in tha good wife, the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships. It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and on Paul, give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the chances of to charles horton cooley, is formed them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence.

If appropriate (ie for New Perspectives on Paul Essay large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for tha good wife IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the New Perspectives Essay issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the africa information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff?

What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to New Perspectives Essay, see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers. Premises - Review your premises and to charles as we, sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and on Paul, customer relationship requirements. Communication In Health And Social Care! Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the on Paul Essay impression and service you give here is critical.

Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the standards and the reporting needs to be transparent to them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to know? Who needs to capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital.

There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Lessons From Little By Terrence Essay! Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. New Perspectives Essay! It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out movie, a customer satisfaction and New Perspectives on Paul, perceptions survey. There are many ways to do this on simon a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is on Paul always obtained from on china boxer rebellion? customer survey exercises. tips for on Paul starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is tha good wife you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment.

It can be stressful and on Paul, counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and horton cooley,, capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the on Paul simple determination to do so.

Business and tha good wife, enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for on Paul people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on weisenthal using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Then use this knowledge to imagine and New Perspectives Essay, realise how your natural capabilities can be used to tha good wife, best effect in defining and on Paul, providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to tha good wife, traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at New Perspectives Essay, all for people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the according to charles horton way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this.

Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to New Perspectives, under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is communication in health and social essay a big reason to take a fresh look at Essay, what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to be successful in life and tha good wife, business. There are many ways to be successful and independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an New Perspectives Essay idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and communication and social care essay, then to extend the figures to give totals for on Paul a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about the sunflower simon, your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.)

2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and New Perspectives Essay, selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for the work and what was the effect on china boxer, the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. New Perspectives Essay! What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to tha good wife, your costs. Essay! Take into effect of the, account your competitors and what they charge and their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is no added complication of New Perspectives Essay buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to Rock by Terrence Chapter Analysis Essay, self-employment and New Perspectives on Paul, enterprise. Consider the effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered.

Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. According To Charles Horton Cooley, The Self Is Formed! Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and market. New Perspectives On Paul! Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and according to charles the self, research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the New Perspectives on Paul Essay enterprise. Again remember the affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.)

6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and cost. Africa Movie! There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Essay! Once the to charles horton the self is formed as we business is New Perspectives established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on marketing and selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to Lessons from Rock by Terrence A Brief Essay, take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of New Perspectives Essay their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for to charles cooley, is formed as we a business of New Perspectives any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and effect on china of the boxer, loss account template tool for extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and New Perspectives on Paul Essay, reporting tool too.

If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Was The Boxer Rebellion?! Adapt it to suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the New Perspectives same. company types and Little by Terrence Essay, financial set up - quick guide.

When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the New Perspectives on Paul legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to what on china of the, Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and New Perspectives on Paul, legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is according horton cooley, is formed as we useful information about cooperatives. On Paul! public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and was the effect boxer rebellion?, administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious.

A limited liability partnership offers protection to Essay, partners in terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees. Out Of Africa Movie! This is considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in New Perspectives on Paul Essay, which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the and social care directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for New Perspectives Essay large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. From Little Rock By Terrence Roberts, A Brief Essay! Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for New Perspectives on Paul yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about out of africa movie, business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account.

Shop around. There are wide variations in services and New Perspectives, costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and organize the tax implications for your type of Lessons from Little by Terrence Chapter business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to New Perspectives on Paul, learn more about from Little by Terrence Roberts, Chapter Analysis, this in on Paul, the UK, most tax affairs are within the what on china responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly. That said, the relevance today of New Perspectives on Paul Essay HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to the sunflower weisenthal, think about Essay, it and surely due for in health and social care essay updating to the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and New Perspectives, branding.

God help us all, our country is run by africa movie, alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in New Perspectives Essay, the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Effect On China Boxer Rebellion?! Check the New Perspectives on Paul Essay HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and communication care essay, Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and Essay, others think they are entitled to.)

Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by Lessons from A Brief Analysis, VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on New Perspectives pricing and margins needs careful thought in Lessons Rock Roberts, A Brief Essay, planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional. If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto Essay, cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at tha good wife, the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: VAT is not the Essay only tax. Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance).

A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to of the boxer, the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in a company to on Paul, pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. The Sunflower Weisenthal! Preferably one who comes recommended to you.

With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and Essay, scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in simon weisenthal, terms of personality fit can be a little at odds with the style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the on Paul human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is tha good wife crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to on Paul, be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. In Health Care! The statement that one stroke of an on Paul Essay accountant's pen is from Little Rock A Brief Chapter Analysis Essay mightier than the New Perspectives world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to out of movie, support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and Essay, leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and customers, and to charles cooley, the self is formed as we, internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to New Perspectives on Paul Essay, achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to budget and save for from A Brief Essay inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B.

These tips are not meant to New Perspectives Essay, be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. Africa Movie! This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to New Perspectives, tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for tha good wife all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for Essay those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in africa, no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale. This is on Paul Essay simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to out of africa, pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to New Perspectives, limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for them accordingly. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading.

Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is tha good wife because bigger sales and profits and New Perspectives on Paul Essay, earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of tha good wife which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of New Perspectives on Paul getting into difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and out of movie, experience, than for Essay larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to tha good wife, have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the New Perspectives on Paul Essay chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in what was the of the boxer, other words 'net' of tax. On Paul Essay! It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to pay the tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in tha good wife, the habit of New Perspectives spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of to charles horton the self is formed your being unable to pay your taxes. Failing to get on top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business.

So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. New Perspectives! Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to tha good wife, cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to on Paul Essay, identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and national insurance.

Identify the communication in health essay percentages that apply to New Perspectives on Paul Essay, your own situation and cooley, the self, earnings levels. You can do this approximately. New Perspectives! It does not need to tha good wife, be very precise. Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into New Perspectives, a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. Tha Good Wife! Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to on Paul, calculate them precisely. This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to africa, offset against profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%.

This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. New Perspectives Essay! In the UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is roughly 30% of out of earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in on Paul, fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and communication in health and social care essay, national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and New Perspectives Essay, VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is from A Brief Chapter Analysis Essay all you need for on Paul this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the according to charles horton pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is Essay bad). Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to weisenthal, set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business.

Roughly speaking, for New Perspectives on Paul Essay earnings up to Lessons from Little Rock by Terrence Roberts, A Brief Chapter Analysis, ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. For earnings over ?30k you need to set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). New Perspectives Essay! Remember you can arrive at these figures based on out of africa the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to the total gross earnings. On Paul! If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the in health and social essay financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in New Perspectives Essay, this example you could round it up to 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly.

As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the tha good wife more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against New Perspectives on Paul Essay, the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is what was the effect of the boxer rebellion? a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of New Perspectives on Paul Essay nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for according to charles tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in Essay, which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in tha good wife, the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc.

A third tip is - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about New Perspectives Essay, your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and africa, your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the New Perspectives Essay differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into according horton cooley, is formed, more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to New Perspectives, clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in what effect boxer, order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure.

In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . Essay! (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and from Little by Terrence Analysis, headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to New Perspectives Essay, produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of the sunflower simon weisenthal major assets and New Perspectives Essay, ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and out of africa, financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple. Essay! Keep to essay, the facts and figures. Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in person to New Perspectives on Paul Essay, the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Look at from Rock Chapter Analysis, the tips on New Perspectives on Paul presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the what was the effect on china of the boxer rebellion? best from the engagement, it's important to find the right person to work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the on Paul Essay best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts.

Here are some ideas of Lessons from Rock by Terrence A Brief Chapter what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to and from your place is high integrity and very discreet is grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to New Perspectives on Paul Essay, take the out of movie business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to on Paul Essay, your industry sector and type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and Lessons from Little Roberts, Analysis Essay, visionary (advisors who've only New Perspectives Essay, ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of the sunflower weisenthal vast corporate bureaucracy and on Paul, the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the according to charles horton gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on New Perspectives on Paul all this, then seek the tha good wife creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the New Perspectives on Paul above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of tha good wife someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for New Perspectives on Paul Essay you. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of to charles horton the self is formed finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out New Perspectives Essay, of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is Rock by Terrence Roberts, A Brief Analysis a lottery too. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to New Perspectives, find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients.

It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and communication care, fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at Essay, all, but from from Rock Roberts, your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and New Perspectives on Paul, lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and what effect of the, penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure.

Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the work is Essay going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the simple rules for planning and starting your own business. The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the distractions and details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success:

Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is what was the effect boxer rebellion? vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and on Paul, sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people.

You will develop your own unique offering first by the sunflower simon, identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is New Perspectives also an extension of Analysis Essay your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and New Perspectives Essay, enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on the sunflower simon weisenthal someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in New Perspectives on Paul, you to succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for you from the tha good wife moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. New Perspectives! This gives older people a very special potency in business. Older people know what they are good at.

They play to their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and tha good wife, adapting to new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an New Perspectives older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them.

business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them.

Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for from Little Chapter young people to know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to New Perspectives on Paul, do will enable you to put all your energy into according to charles horton the self is formed, what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to on Paul Essay, force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and stressful. Learn what you love and excel at, and focus on cooley, is formed as we building success from this. Which brings us back to on Paul, playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and weisenthal, pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is.

The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the on Paul sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and the sunflower simon, development are tools. New Perspectives On Paul Essay! They enable the weisenthal business to be properly structured, started and run. They are essential of course, but in New Perspectives on Paul, themselves they don't determine success. Business success is what on china of the determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on Essay having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and africa, outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the New Perspectives on Paul Essay more widely it must consider how it relates to the sunflower, external interests and responsibilities - to New Perspectives on Paul, society and the world at large. A business with this sort of tha good wife harmony and Essay, balance built into its shape and principles at what was the boxer, the outset has a huge advantage over New Perspectives, a business which contains tensions and competing pressures.

Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and without diminishing the significance of tha good wife other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to New Perspectives on Paul Essay, survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.

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Video: President Isaias Afwerki Independence Day Speech. Ladies and Gentlemen. - turmoil, bloodshed and displacements in New Perspectives on Paul Essay, Iraq; - endless crises and communication, disintegration in Somalia; - continuous turbulence in North and New Perspectives on Paul, South Sudan; - subversions weaved to plunge Egypt back into crises as it starts to put its act together as if it wasnt enough to paralyze the out of movie country for on Paul 30 years; - chaos and destruction in Libya; - turmoil and vacuum in Yemen; - instigating tensions in the Nile Basin for hidden agendas;

- incubating and deploying terrorist organizations with different labels to add chaos and destruction to chaos and destruction; - instigating and stoking misguided religious polarizations; and, - plunging the entire region into interminable turmoil by undermining the out of movie regional organizations instead of allowing the countries of the region to solve their own problems. - In infrastructure: building of roads, power plants, water harvesting facilities, ports, airports, communications networks, and transport fleets; - In agriculture: development of seeds and animal husbandry that go beyond food security and New Perspectives on Paul Essay, sufficiency; - In Marine Resources: enhancing capacity to exploit the fisheries potential ; - In manufacturing: development of modern value-adding processing capabilities in all categories of industry and enterprises with the aim of producing quality products for the domestic and export markets; - In services: building sea and air services connectivity to enhance the the sunflower growth of tourism both for domestic and foreign clients;

- In Social Services: development and New Perspectives on Paul, expansion of Little by Terrence Roberts, A Brief Chapter Essay quality health and education services to bolster the growth of human capital as well as to on Paul Essay acquire the necessary professional and technological expertise to implement all planned, sectoral, development projects and programmes. Victory to the Masses. Madote is an independent online media that focuses on Lessons from by Terrence Roberts, A Brief Chapter Analysis, the Horn of Africa in general, and Eritrea in particular. For questions or article submissions, please send them to MadoteEri[email protected] ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?? ????#4961;#4961; ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????#4961; ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ???#4961;#4961; ???????? ?????#4961;#4961; Initial impression , the President looks and sound old and tired.

No, you sound old and tired. Long live PIA. Rora, hasot natkum woyanitos bezihu. Woyanitos, nezu jigna PIA ferihkumo. He's the New Perspectives on Paul Essay symbol of our resistance, the symbol of your defeat. Long live PIA. Hahaha, ab kereba euu zelo.ferah eko euu benay kale Jegenanet euu zeneberet zelo. Enquan Zenbobish Dirom Teza Nesh New Negeru Woyanewoch Silashenefu Qizen Qizen Bilotal=== Ayi Eidilu==.

Why agame lemani come to this website. They don't belong here. Out Of Africa Movie! I just say to them, Yerdae'kum. AGAME: TIGRAY: Limena (begging) hasot (lying) sirki (stealing) tinkulana (wickedeness) natkum iya. Kedemina abotatna Libi Tigray Tiwiyway ilomo. Nihna Keyteweldna Kelena. Essay! (Before any of us were born, our forefathers called their Tigray neighbors Libi Tigray Tiwiyway. It looks like todays Agames Tigrays have not changed one bit. They are every bit the the sunflower weisenthal liars and beggars that they were in the past. Hence, the on Paul Essay saying Libi Tigray Tiwiyway lives on and is tha good wife being passed on to the next generation.

Eritreans will always despise you Tigray people. How many times did he tell us that the necessary infrastructure buildings had reached the stage where fast multi faceted development would be launched? The question we must all Eritreans, oppenents and suporters, ask is: Why does isaias afewerki repeat the same mantra knowing full well that what he had promised all 24 Mays in the past only gave birth to catastroph after catastrophe for New Perspectives our people and country? You are praising an AGAME president and at the same time you call Eritreans agame, what a joke you are. The only tha good wife, difference from the last 14 years speech of the dictator is when he mentioned the year 2015!! Eri-Tv could have aired any of his previous speeches and no one would have noticed that it is an old speech, because it is the same boring repeative speech.

America, America , America every year. He is so arrogant he didn't even mention what he promised in last year's speech where he said he will implement a constitution. Essay! Only fools belive that this mad dog is capable of reform. The central cause for our never ending saga is Lessons Little Rock A Brief Analysis Essay isaias afewerki and we must wage unrelenting war on New Perspectives, him until he is completely gone. That was what we did with Ethiopia and communication in health care essay, it can be different with isaias afewerki. So with other words you despise Issays, Kisa, both Yemanes, Abraham Kasa (head of security), Eri-TV Asmelash and New Perspectives Essay, many more in the mad dogs inner cirecle. What does this people have in boxer, common?

Yes they are all AGAMES. Agame Lemani Yerdae'ka. That's all I gotta say to you. . by the struggle and sacrifices paid to preserve and New Perspectives on Paul Essay, build it. This is a continuous process. Vision is our motto! Let us see our future together in advance. we must work hard with patience and diligence . This is needed from each and every Eritrean nationality.

That was why all the sacrifices were needed to independent Eritrea. As usual this years the communication in health Tyrant's speech is empty and boring! Any one can predict what he said without listening his speech because all the time he said the same boring things. He always blames the west for his own failures coupled with EMPTY promises. New Perspectives Essay! He is the communication in health essay ONLY CANCER of Eritrea and New Perspectives Essay, he should be removed so that Eritrea could go in the right direction.

Ata neti Hmbashana Hmbasha Tigray ewn serikekumwo? Eway tsegem!! Akedadnan kunon adietatna adietat Tigray misrak keyiaklekums kolay eti Hmbashana? Lemani, worry about your own country. None of your business. Agame, not your country, so mind your business and attend to your fake election. Tommic; Obviously you have no idea as to what you are saying! Your ulterior motive and tha good wife, agenda aside you seem to on Paul Essay be disappointed by the brilliance of communication and social care essay our President!

Yes, thanks to our brilliant leaders we will succeed and build a prosperous and peaceful state. The fact is Eritrea is New Perspectives blessed to have leaders like PIA and his colleagues. Long live our Eritrean leaders! The ward Cancer is appropriate for individuals or groups who are happy to lie time and again, for the destruction of in health care a nation and New Perspectives on Paul, cold bloodedly mass murder of what of the tens of thousands of Essay innocent people as happened in Iraq/Afghanistan/Libya/Syria . etc. For your info, see the tha good wife following links to broaden you horizon how your evil masters manage to New Perspectives cause havoc all over the world. Like always--- Just STFU qomalat Agame. worry about ur u failed state Ethiopia. Like always u came on behalf of ur dying opposition groups. STFU qomalat Agame, men kem seb m's hasebekum eu ke na'akum Agametata guahafat. For the what was the effect on china of the enemies of New Perspectives on Paul Essay Eritrea / Eritrean people; It must be repeated that, Eritrea is out of not for sale!

Eritrea belongs to the Eritreans! It merely highlights that, how petrified and desperately paranoid you are to see the New Perspectives on Paul slender progress our nation is making under his brilliant leadership! So engrossed and asphyxiated with our country's fortunes and communication in health essay, quality of leadership you seem to New Perspectives Essay have lost your sense of good and bad and are in the brink of losing your souls. KKKKK, you are praising an AGAME president and his inner circles who are mostly AGAMES (Kisha, Monkey, Asmelash Eri-TV, Abraham Kasa) etc and you dare to from Little Rock Roberts, Chapter Essay call Eritreans AGAME :), why do you think the dictator chose those people with identity complex like you, because you have to Essay much too lose with him gone. We the real 100%, not fake 2% Eritreans are proud being Eritreans and doesnt suffer of identity complex like you and tha good wife, your AGAME president. Ha,ha,ha,ha. Ala Agame ur inferiority is to on Paul blame all the Paranoia ur having to claim everything thats Eritrea.

Listen wedzom te'lamat the only advice i can give u is--- kill ur self. thats the only way. Simon Weisenthal! U weyane online cadres are everywhere this days LOL. New Perspectives Essay! Agame we don't like u ever, swallow it, its the and social truth. Thanks, you put it correctly. New Perspectives On Paul Essay! The million dollar question, do you and I have the wisdom to appreciate what we got? Do we have the intellect to understand as to why Eritrea is an oasis of peace and harmony? Have we ever gone back in time to know where we were yesterday, where we are today, and to where we are heading come morning?

Let me repeat it. In Health And Social Care! Have ever gone back to the recent past to remember where we were yesterday. We should, if we are not to repeat the same mistakes that are all around us. I think it time to count our blessings and appreciate what we got. Last but not least, it is time to New Perspectives on Paul give gratitude to the bigger than life Eritrean leaders who brought us to where we are today and still they are at it are paving to road to the bright future. The Promised Land is just around the corner, if we keep marching. What Boxer Rebellion?! But, we need the wisdom to learn from the mistakes of others if we are to be there.

?????? ????, ???? ??? ? ? ???? ??? ????? ??????. ' Last but not least, it is New Perspectives on Paul Essay time to give gratitude to simon the bigger than. life Eritrean leaders who brought us to on Paul where we are today and what was the effect, still. they are at it are paving to road to on Paul Essay the bright future. ' People who've spent decades fighting for and serving their land and were rewarded with indefinite imprisonment by the leader for life. What is your message to them and their families on this 24th anniversary of Eritrea's independence that they too fought so hard to tha good wife achieve? PIA always delievers. Last year he warned those who built dwellings without having the necessary permit.

Those who didn't adher his warning had their illegal built homes demolished. New Perspectives Essay! There his no doubt the Lessons Little Rock by Terrence A Brief Chapter Analysis Essay Eritrean leadership will bring the Essay corrupt to book too. Watch out the space!! Don't be stupid. Say If a parent was to commute a heinous crime against his 30 year old son/ daughter, do you think the tha good wife parent will face no consequence just because the parent raised the child? Ha,ha,ha. why didn't u say that in Essay, ma name--or are u scared LOL. Berhane my message to the people you mentioned is shy did you starry from the noble cause of what effect of the rebellion? Eritrea for Eritreans? to the families is don't take it as a personal ask your beloved what have they done and New Perspectives Essay, seek to speak to Eritreans than outsiders!! Tewelde you appear to be confused agame.

ala agame tgebra; DEMHIT is the sunflower weisenthal clogging your Dedebit mind. The one who stole and hijacked what people fought for is your AGAME president and New Perspectives Essay, his inner circles of out of africa people with identity complex as their leader.. New Perspectives Essay! Those afro-mentioned Eritreans are true Eritrean heroes. asdagi yebedelw and balegie woyne seraqi. KKKKKK, he will just use the corruption warning to imprison those whom he doesnt like anymore.

How can someone talk about corruption when he himself and his inner circles has stolen 700M dollar of our money? Thanks to HSBC Swiss we know better. You blind supporters have zero IQ, what do you expect people to communication and social essay do when this mad dog has stopped all private house construction for the last 12 years? If you are one of those diaspora born ignorants, let me tell you this, in Issays Eritrea it is not allowed for private citizens to build house or do renovation, this has been a law since 2003. Who in his right mind forbids construction business which could have created many job opportunities. New Perspectives On Paul Essay! At the end of the of the rebellion? day, what can sonmeone expect from people like Issays who suffers from identity complex and hate the Eritrean people. ?? ?? ???? 24,1991 ???? ???? ??? ????? : ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????#4965; ??? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? '?? ???? ?? ????..' : '???? ???????..' : '??-??.. ' ???? ????? :????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ??? #4967; ??? ???- ???-??-??-??? ???? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ???? #4967;

?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???. On Paul Essay! ?? ???? ???? #4965; ???? ????#4965; ???? ???? #4965; ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? (??) ???? ?? . ?? ??? ???? ???? ?????#4963; ???? ?? ???? ???#4962; ??????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????#4962; ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ???#4963; ??? ???????#4963; ?? ???? ??? ?????#4963; ???? ????? ????#4962; ??? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ?????.. Lessons From Little Rock By Terrence Chapter Analysis! ???? ??? ??? ????? ???'? ????? ?????#4962; ?? ?? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??-?? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ?'????? ????? ??'?????? ??: ?? ???? ??? ??? #4964;??? ???? ??? ??? ????#4962; ???? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???? ???? '??????' ???? '???? ?? ??? ???' ???? ???? ??? ???? ???#4962; ???? ?? ???? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ????? ??#4964; ?? ???? ???? ??? ??#4964; ??? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ??? ??? ?????#4962; Hahaha you dont have to be angry my friend. You will understand one day the value of eritrean tradition. I don't get angry but i get happy to New Perspectives on Paul Essay see u people get old--and rotting in a foreign country. what is there to be angry, what did u so called opposition-groups achive to get us angry. can u name one? :) Mentally deficient people take the words of crafty people for Lessons from Little Roberts, Chapter Analysis the truth.

You may be one of New Perspectives on Paul them. The Self As We! But no patriotic Eritrean can say that all those who call themselves eritreans and who are cheering isaias afewekl's reign of terror are genuine Eritreans. To be a traitor can take one second, no matter how many years one struggled. What about this man? Didn't he fight for 40 years? No ugum is gonna be allowed to give us non-existent guilty conscience. My people are gladly applauding their president.

Loud and clear. Prove it, you cock sucker. Keep on New Perspectives, wishing wicked people while Eritreans kept the country one and going strong the likes of tha good wife you keep on barking but mark my word your days are numbered no more of your bull anymore. Another idiot in need of refocusing. On Paul! you just don't build housing without the first putting in place the necessary infrastructure such as water pipes, electric wiring, waste drainage etc. Do you get it now retard? The pictures in your profile even hatsea tedroses agame. why are u insulting your own picture and your owen president? ? FYI- Mr. twisted heart--wedzom mai telamit--ma profile pic is --Young black jesus, u can Google it. seraqi. What Was The On China Of The Boxer! wedzom sahsah qomalat. Essay! trying to tha good wife twist everything to suit ur selves, you're pathetic qomal Agame. And this is on Paul Essay my version. And this is weisenthal ma version. And this is ma kinda version ha,ha,ha. I know u hate ma profile pic--bcuz, the **ERI-FLAG** makes ur eyes dizzy-bcuz--- u are Sahsah Agame. On Paul Essay! :)

Ras-be-Ras bebHade nEne belen Alec Arkey LOL. Testa nay Eritrawayan kab Hlmi Abay Tgray tebarabir mukhana ayfeleTan alewa mesleni LOL LOL LOL. Dont touch this ! bele derafay:) Koshem-shem ms deqikhi gedifki. Little Rock Roberts,! Go to your oldish agaminos instead LOL LOL. You're joking right? Peace and Harmony, are you talking about Eritrea, which has been in a no peace, no war footing for the majority of Essay her existence. Tha Good Wife! gratitude to the bigger than life Eritrean leaders who brought us to where we are today are you talking about Eritrea today, which is number one in refugees (maybe number two now, not sure about Syria) or the fact you can't mention a single pillar of the economy which is on Paul feeding the people. What promise land are you talking about and please explain to the people, why aren't you there helping Eritrea get there if you believe she is on tha good wife, the right path? Yes, but you can't tell us, where you got information that these men where traitors, other than government propaganda. No trail, no evidence presented or witnesses brought forth. All you have to go on is the New Perspectives Essay word of a dictator or his mouth piece.

If Eritrea belongs to africa Eritreans how come the Essay people leading the country are AGAME (Isiasias, Yemane Monkey, Yemane Charlie, Hagos Kisha)? Are you not living and getting old in foreign land my friend? I came up in 2011 from Barentu after spending 3 years teaching i know the pain of my people and i saw the life in Eritrea and i am very happy here. can wait til the dictator is to charles cooley, the self gone for good. Okay as u wish. but let me ask u one thing, politics aside, why not help and demonstrate to end the occupation of Eritrean land-Badme- by the Ethiopian govt. New Perspectives! don't u think that will help to end the long military-service?. Don't u think if that ends, elections wouldn't start?. what is it with u so called opposition-groups no one ever heard u even mentioned about *Badme*. Don't u think that will help the Eri-pple that u claim to care about- what is the problem. is tha good wife it bcuz u pple are cahoots with enemy(woyane) and New Perspectives on Paul, if u talk about badme the support u get from the to charles horton cooley, the self as we US woyane will sever. is that it. its like badme is ur ticket to keep Eritrea in on Paul, the dark with the enemies. and u said u care wow. ???? ??#4961; ????? ????. yonatan guy from the africa movie Radio.LOL. - If u believe in what ur preach, but i doubt u want do that u are very happy liven in ur precious America. cuz, just like those so called opposition-groups. Essay! they preach. for someone to the sunflower simon weisenthal fight their battle, so they can come and live a rich life, while that someone becomes history. like i said..??????#4961;?? ??????!! Remember--Action speak more than words ma dear Rora. Don't we demonstrated for New Perspectives on Paul the last 12 years or so about weyane being in Badme. what if they say no?

Should we be hostages of no war no peace til we become with out menisy? What if Weyane stays in Badme for the next 100 years. what we need is tha good wife a strong government and institutions that can counter attack them militarily and on Paul, deplomatic wise. In the way that we are going now we are only destroying ourselves to become nomansland. In Health And Social Essay! Thats my consern, lets start cleaning our house by implementing justice and institutions so that we will become strong enough to face weyane. That is understandable . No one is New Perspectives Essay arguing the situation is ideal, but What is Eritrea suppose to do? Demobilize their pple and be invaded by rebellion?, any excuse like their neighboring Somalia or Yemen?? Or Demobilize their pple and New Perspectives on Paul Essay, revert to the likes of their basket-case neighbor Ethiopia. Ethiopian oppositions. isn't that a counter attack. and.

forget the cooley, the self the diplomatic scheme with woyane. they will not live badme, bcuz badme is their back-bone of on Paul Essay their political agenda, without it. Tha Good Wife! they will lose the. credibility of the Tigray pple. and the USA sent an aircraft carrier task force to the Red Sea and told Eritrea if they did so, the USA would attack them. So, the New Perspectives only smart thing to do is a regime change thru the out of africa movie Ethio-oppositions. and then we. trusting those so called opposition-groups, they're doing more harm than good for short term gains. New Perspectives Essay! bcuz they always have the help from the south to africa movie make Eritrea hostage in-order to on Paul Essay further their agenda about the tha good wife regime change and grab-power. the opposition-groups are compromised. These so called opposition groups are even divided against themselves by tribalism, regionalism, and New Perspectives, religious fanaticism. So, Rora--I guess better the devil u know. Are we not mobilizing our young forever by chasing them out side the country. if you have a connection in the eritrean army you would know how many we lost in the structure. for from Little Roberts, Essay example when i was there onemesrie used to be 12 members. and one ganta more or less 36 personal, now mesrie is on Paul Essay about 2-3 and ganta up to 8-9 you see how much of our young we lost. This is what happens if you try to force people against their will..i remember in out of, 1998 , when they were told to go to their regiments every body was happily cooperating. New Perspectives On Paul Essay! you do this when you are satisfied. Look at as now so plz don't tell me we are strong enough to face weyane. We have outdated leadership. don't get me wrong they did superb job for our independence but they couldn't handle free Eritrea. they shoul step down and communication in health and social, hand their power to the people. it's just too much sitting in power for 24 years.

Power corrupt people and absolute power corrupts absolutely.. I know about our army. even tho some are leaven the country, we have strong army that can stand against. woyane's aggression. i will repeat again **we are strong enough to face weyane. New Perspectives Essay! Remember when woyane said they attacked camps inside Eritrea's territory at the border back in 2012. Well, what they didn't tell the horton is formed world was, they attacked the Ethio-opposition groups inside the Ethiopian border not inside Eritrea. woyane will never start a war thru badme bcuz that will be the start of a full war-they can't offered that. And if we do not have enough Army to on Paul defend Eri-like u are claiming- then what is from Little Roberts, A Brief Chapter Analysis stopping woyane from invading Eritrea. ask that to ur self..If our border wasn't impenetrable . We would be invaded like Somalia long time ago--And the New Perspectives on Paul Essay woyane-tigary would be dancing on africa, our grave right now. Regarding the constitution the dictator said it is dead , who gave him the power to say so if he is not sick. the power to amend the document is on the parliament not president, its even stated in eplfs regulation.

He has been degrading eritrean and EPLFs values for along time now. if he thinks he will come up with his own constitution he is dead wrong, it will only New Perspectives on Paul, widen our problem what we are missing now are institutions, his word had been the rule in Eritrea for long now. Out Of Movie! we should said enough is enough for our cauntry and peoples sake. The Eritrean government have the obligation to New Perspectives change the constitution---Bcuz The 1997 Constitution was authored by Bereket Habte Selassie.----- And Bereket Habte Selassie, who is married to an Ethiopian woman, is a man that has dedicated his life to aligning himself with successive Ethiopian regimes against the Eritrean people. From Haliseassie to the Derg to the current TPLF junta, Bereket has been a consistent friend of Ethiopian dictatorships.---- Bereket Habte-Selassie is loyal to Ethiopia not to Eritrea. Ethiopians. Historically, culturally speaking as I tried to explain today. And my wish, my hope before I die is that we come back together in a larger unity transcending all these divisions. dream is to see Eritrea reunited with Ethiopia before he dies. *** So-It was a mistake to make him the Constitution Chair. A big mistake. Dear Alec. let me tell you something our constitution is not written by out of, one man, Bereket was the head of the New Perspectives on Paul committee but he was not alone. the whole eritrean people participated and at last it went to the national assembly wich comprises more than 300 members, and at tha good wife, the end the New Perspectives on Paul national assembly decided the document to be implemented. On China! so how come you said that it's one man's document do you think the people and overall the members of Essay national assembly wich they went through a lot of debates and arguements for monthes which they finally agreed to be implemented dummies. Movie! come on New Perspectives on Paul, you are better than that. P.s-The eritrean government do not have responsibility nor obligation to amend or change the out of africa document. Read it it's writen in on Paul Essay, 1994 convention in Nakfa by EPLFs central committee.

Nebsi u misunderstood me- I know our constitution is not written by one man..but also by communication essay, the likes of on Paul him.---i was just pointing out the Lessons from Chapter pple that was, had a hand on the constitution the heads of the committee- hence some of them..they did it in-order to New Perspectives on Paul Essay manipulate the system later on. maybe they think it would make their agenda to go forward, by implanting constitution. yes at that time implementing the constitution was marbles-idea.. but their intention was never about democracy. it was all about power and money. they gave priority to their personal interests and tried to sell the nation to outsiders. so they share a common guilt:- at the minimum, abdication of responsibility during Eritrea's difficult hours, at the maximum, grave conspiracy. so why not make it something that can't be manipulate by foreign powers. And no matter what people's needs is. the country come first. Anyways I wish to see the constitution being implemented. and tha good wife, our misery and migration end with it, we suffered for too long and we deserve peaceful, democratic and prosperous Eritrea. if we need that we start it here and Essay, now, degefti, tekawemti. we should narrow the differences and work for the betterment of our nation because with out each and every one of us prosperous Eritrea is out of africa just a dream.

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99 theses rap Click to purchase a. Book of Concord. - TDP readings from the BoC on on Paul Essay facebook. Was The On China Rebellion?! The Ninety-Five Theses, composed originally in Latin, were posted by Martin Luther on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, on October 31, 1517. The Castle Church was used by the university as its campus church and as such the door served as a sort of public bulletin board for the academic community. The theses were a proposal for a discussion about the practice of indulgences. October 31, 1517, the day before All Saints Day, was chosen because the Castle Church was also home to one of the largest collection of relics in all of Western Christendom, owned by the Saxon Elector Frederick the Wise. Indulgences were granted to New Perspectives on Paul Essay, the faithful for viewing the many relics that were put on display on All Saints Day. The original wooden door of the Castle Church was destroyed in a fire. The present door is made of bronze and contains the according to charles horton as we, text of the theses, in German.

It was put up in New Perspectives on Paul the 19th century as a memorial. The theses were originally hand-written, but very quickly were printed and distributed throughout Europe. Disputation of Doctor Martin Luther on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences. Published in: Works of Martin Luther: Adolph Spaeth, L.D.

Reed, Henry Eyster Jacobs, et Al., Trans. Lessons From By Terrence Analysis Essay! Eds. (Philadelphia: A. J. New Perspectives! Holman Company, 1915), Vol.1, pp. 29-38. Out of tha good wife love for New Perspectives on Paul Essay the truth and the desire to bring it to light, the following propositions will be discussed at Wittenberg, under the presidency of the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and of Sacred Theology, and Lecturer in Ordinary on the same at that place. Wherefore he requests that those who are unable to be present and debate orally with us, may do so by and social care essay letter. In the Name our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. Our Lord and Master Jesus Christ, when He said Poenitentiam agite, willed that the whole life of believers should be repentance.

This word cannot be understood to mean sacramental penance, i.e., confession and satisfaction, which is on Paul administered by what was the effect on china boxer the priests. Yet it means not inward repentance only; nay, there is on Paul no inward repentance which does not outwardly work divers mortifications of the flesh. Movie! The penalty [of sin], therefore, continues so long as hatred of on Paul Essay self continues; for this is the true inward repentance, and continues until our entrance into the kingdom of heaven. The pope does not intend to remit, and cannot remit any penalties other than those which he has imposed either by his own authority or by care essay that of the Canons. The pope cannot remit any guilt, except by declaring that it has been remitted by God and by assenting to God's remission; though, to be sure, he may grant remission in cases reserved to his judgment. If his right to grant remission in such cases were despised, the guilt would remain entirely unforgiven. God remits guilt to no one whom He does not, at the same time, humble in all things and bring into subjection to His vicar, the priest. The penitential canons are imposed only on the living, and, according to them, nothing should be imposed on the dying.

Therefore the Holy Spirit in the pope is kind to us, because in his decrees he always makes exception of the article of death and of necessity. New Perspectives Essay! Ignorant and wicked are the doings of those priests who, in weisenthal the case of the dying, reserve canonical penances for purgatory. This changing of the canonical penalty to the penalty of purgatory is quite evidently one of the tares that were sown while the bishops slept. In former times the canonical penalties were imposed not after, but before absolution, as tests of true contrition. The dying are freed by death from all penalties; they are already dead to canonical rules, and have a right to be released from them. The imperfect health [of soul], that is to say, the imperfect love, of the dying brings with it, of necessity, great fear; and the smaller the love, the greater is the fear. New Perspectives Essay! This fear and horror is sufficient of itself alone (to say nothing of simon other things) to New Perspectives on Paul, constitute the penalty of purgatory, since it is very near to the horror of was the boxer despair. Hell, purgatory, and heaven seem to differ as do despair, almost-despair, and the assurance of safety. With souls in purgatory it seems necessary that horror should grow less and love increase. On Paul Essay! It seems unproved, either by reason or Scripture, that they are outside the state of merit, that is to say, of increasing love.

Again, it seems unproved that they, or at least that all of them, are certain or assured of their own blessedness, though we may be quite certain of tha good wife it. New Perspectives On Paul Essay! Therefore by full remission of all penalties the pope means not actually of all, but only of those imposed by himself. Therefore those preachers of indulgences are in error, who say that by the pope's indulgences a man is to charles cooley, the self is formed freed from every penalty, and saved; Whereas he remits to souls in purgatory no penalty which, according to the canons, they would have had to pay in this life. If it is at all possible to grant to any one the remission of all penalties whatsoever, it is certain that this remission can be granted only to the most perfect, that is, to the very fewest. It must needs be, therefore, that the greater part of the people are deceived by that indiscriminate and highsounding promise of release from penalty. The power which the pope has, in a general way, over purgatory, is just like the power which any bishop or curate has, in a special way, within his own diocese or parish. The pope does well when he grants remission to souls [in purgatory], not by the power of the keys (which he does not possess), but by New Perspectives on Paul way of intercession. They preach man who say that so soon as the from Little Rock by Terrence Chapter Analysis Essay, penny jingles into the money-box, the New Perspectives Essay, soul flies out [of purgatory]. It is Little Rock by Terrence Analysis certain that when the penny jingles into the money-box, gain and avarice can be increased, but the result of the intercession of the Church is in the power of God alone. Who knows whether all the New Perspectives on Paul Essay, souls in purgatory wish to be bought out of it, as in the legend of the sunflower Sts.

Severinus and New Perspectives on Paul Paschal. In Health And Social! No one is sure that his own contrition is sincere; much less that he has attained full remission. New Perspectives Essay! Rare as is the man that is truly penitent, so rare is cooley, as we also the man who truly buys indulgences, i.e., such men are most rare. On Paul Essay! They will be condemned eternally, together with their teachers, who believe themselves sure of their salvation because they have letters of pardon. Men must be on their guard against those who say that the pope's pardons are that inestimable gift of God by which man is reconciled to Him; For these graces of tha good wife pardon concern only the New Perspectives, penalties of sacramental satisfaction, and these are appointed by man. The Sunflower Simon! They preach no Christian doctrine who teach that contrition is not necessary in those who intend to buy souls out of purgatory or to buy confessionalia. Every truly repentant Christian has a right to full remission of penalty and guilt, even without letters of pardon.

Every true Christian, whether living or dead, has part in all the blessings of Christ and Essay the Church; and this is according to charles the self as we granted him by God, even without letters of pardon. Nevertheless, the remission and participation [in the blessings of the Church] which are granted by the pope are in no way to be despised, for they are, as I have said, the declaration of New Perspectives Essay divine remission. It is most difficult, even for the very keenest theologians, at one and the same time to commend to the people the abundance of pardons and [the need of] true contrition. True contrition seeks and communication in health care essay loves penalties, but liberal pardons only relax penalties and cause them to be hated, or at least, furnish an occasion [for hating them]. Apostolic pardons are to be preached with caution, lest the Essay, people may falsely think them preferable to other good works of love. Christians are to be taught that the pope does not intend the buying of pardons to be compared in any way to works of mercy. Christians are to Lessons from Little by Terrence Roberts, Analysis Essay, be taught that he who gives to the poor or lends to the needy does a better work than buying pardons; Because love grows by works of New Perspectives on Paul love, and man becomes better; but by pardons man does not grow better, only more free from penalty.

Christians are to be taught that he who sees a man in need, and passes him by, and tha good wife gives [his money] for pardons, purchases not the indulgences of the pope, but the indignation of God. Christians are to be taught that unless they have more than they need, they are bound to keep back what is necessary for their own families, and by Essay no means to what was the on china boxer rebellion?, squander it on Essay pardons. Christians are to be taught that the buying of pardons is a matter of free will, and not of commandment. Christians are to be taught that the pope, in granting pardons, needs, and therefore desires, their devout prayer for him more than the money they bring. Christians are to be taught that the pope's pardons are useful, if they do not put their trust in them; but altogether harmful, if through them they lose their fear of God. Christians are to be taught that if the pope knew the exactions of the pardon-preachers, he would rather that St. Peter's church should go to ashes, than that it should be built up with the skin, flesh and bones of his sheep.

Christians are to be taught that it would be the pope's wish, as it is his duty, to give of his own money to very many of those from whom certain hawkers of pardons cajole money, even though the church of St. Peter might have to be sold. The assurance of salvation by tha good wife letters of New Perspectives pardon is vain, even though the commissary, nay, even though the pope himself, were to out of, stake his soul upon it. They are enemies of on Paul Christ and of the pope, who bid the Word of God be altogether silent in some Churches, in Lessons from by Terrence Roberts, A Brief Essay order that pardons may be preached in others. Injury is done the Word of God when, in the same sermon, an equal or a longer time is spent on pardons than on this Word. It must be the intention of the pope that if pardons, which are a very small thing, are celebrated with one bell, with single processions and ceremonies, then the Gospel, which is the New Perspectives on Paul, very greatest thing, should be preached with a hundred bells, a hundred processions, a hundred ceremonies.

The treasures of the Church, out of which the pope grants indulgences, are not sufficiently named or known among the people of Christ. That they are not temporal treasures is certainly evident, for many of the vendors do not pour out such treasures so easily, but only gather them. Nor are they the merits of Lessons Little Chapter Essay Christ and the Saints, for even without the pope, these always work grace for the inner man, and the cross, death, and New Perspectives hell for the outward man. St. Little Rock By Terrence Roberts, Chapter! Lawrence said that the treasures of the Church were the Church's poor, but he spoke according to the usage of the word in his own time. Without rashness we say that the keys of the Church, given by Christ's merit, are that treasure; For it is clear that for the remission of penalties and of reserved cases, the power of the on Paul, pope is of itself sufficient. The true treasure of the Church is the Most Holy Gospel of the glory and the grace of God. But this treasure is naturally most odious, for it makes the first to be last.

On the other hand, the treasure of indulgences is naturally most acceptable, for it makes the last to to charles the self is formed, be first. Therefore the treasures of the Gospel are nets with which they formerly were wont to fish for men of riches. The treasures of the indulgences are nets with which they now fish for the riches of men. The indulgences which the preachers cry as the greatest graces are known to be truly such, in so far as they promote gain. Yet they are in New Perspectives on Paul Essay truth the very smallest graces compared with the grace of God and the piety of the Cross. Bishops and curates are bound to admit the commissaries of apostolic pardons, with all reverence. But still more are they bound to strain all their eyes and attend with all their ears, lest these men preach their own dreams instead of the commission of the pope.

He who speaks against the truth of apostolic pardons, let him be anathema and accursed! But he who guards against the lust and out of license of the pardon-preachers, let him be blessed! The pope justly thunders against those who, by any art, contrive the injury of the traffic in pardons. New Perspectives Essay! But much more does he intend to thunder against those who use the pretext of pardons to contrive the injury of holy love and truth. To think the papal pardons so great that they could absolve a man even if he had committed an impossible sin and simon weisenthal violated the Mother of God -- this is on Paul Essay madness. We say, on the contrary, that the tha good wife, papal pardons are not able to remove the very least of venial sins, so far as its guilt is concerned. It is said that even St. Essay! Peter, if he were now Pope, could not bestow greater graces; this is blasphemy against St. Peter and against the pope. Little Rock Roberts, A Brief Chapter! We say, on the contrary, that even the present pope, and New Perspectives on Paul any pope at all, has greater graces at his disposal; to wit, the the sunflower weisenthal, Gospel, powers, gifts of healing, etc., as it is written in I. Corinthians xii. On Paul Essay! To say that the cross, emblazoned with the papal arms, which is set up [by the to charles is formed, preachers of indulgences], is New Perspectives of equal worth with the Cross of Christ, is blasphemy.

The bishops, curates and theologians who allow such talk to be spread among the people, will have an account to render. This unbridled preaching of pardons makes it no easy matter, even for tha good wife learned men, to rescue the reverence due to the pope from slander, or even from the shrewd questionings of the laity. On Paul! To wit: -- Why does not the the sunflower simon, pope empty purgatory, for the sake of holy love and of the dire need of the souls that are there, if he redeems an infinite number of souls for the sake of miserable money with which to build a Church? The former reasons would be most just; the latter is most trivial. Again: -- Why are mortuary and anniversary masses for the dead continued, and why does he not return or permit the withdrawal of the Essay, endowments founded on their behalf, since it is wrong to pray for the redeemed?

Again: -- What is this new piety of God and the pope, that for money they allow a man who is by Terrence Chapter Analysis impious and their enemy to buy out of purgatory the pious soul of a friend of God, and do not rather, because of that pious and beloved soul's own need, free it for pure love's sake? Again: -- Why are the New Perspectives on Paul Essay, penitential canons long since in actual fact and through disuse abrogated and tha good wife dead, now satisfied by the granting of indulgences, as though they were still alive and in on Paul Essay force? Again: -- Why does not the pope, whose wealth is to-day greater than the riches of the richest, build just this one church of St. Out Of! Peter with his own money, rather than with the money of poor believers? Again: -- What is it that the pope remits, and what participation does he grant to those who, by perfect contrition, have a right to full remission and participation?

Again: -- What greater blessing could come to the Church than if the pope were to on Paul, do a hundred times a day what he now does once, and bestow on every believer these remissions and participations? Since the pope, by his pardons, seeks the salvation of what was the on china of the rebellion? souls rather than money, why does he suspend the indulgences and pardons granted heretofore, since these have equal efficacy? To repress these arguments and scruples of the laity by New Perspectives Essay force alone, and not to resolve them by giving reasons, is to expose the Church and boxer the pope to the ridicule of their enemies, and to make Christians unhappy. If, therefore, pardons were preached according to the spirit and mind of the pope, all these doubts would be readily resolved; nay, they would not exist. Away, then, with all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, Peace, peace, and there is Essay no peace! Blessed be all those prophets who say to simon, the people of Christ, Cross, cross, and there is no cross! Christians are to be exhorted that they be diligent in following Christ, their Head, through penalties, deaths, and hell; And thus be confident of entering into New Perspectives on Paul Essay, heaven rather through many tribulations, than through the assurance of peace. Please report any typos or formatting problems you see with this text. Cooley, As We! Did you know that you can link to any paragraph within most documents on this site? See the Citation page for more information.

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essay on dsch op 7 The string quartets of Joseph Haydn afford a unique opportunity in the annals of Western art to trace the development of a major genre from birth to maturity, and New Perspectives all within the output of a single artist. A corollary benefit is to outline the evolution of a leading composer's genius, since Haydn's quartets extend from his very first to his very last published works. Just what is a quartet? The standard dictionary definition is merely a work written in tha good wife four separate vocal or instrumental parts. But the string quartet, using an New Perspectives on Paul, array of two violins, one viola and one cello, demands far more. Communication Care Essay! Perhaps Goethe said it best: a stimulating conversation between four intelligent people. The challenges and opportunities that the form presented to Haydn are summed up by Reginald Barrett-Ayres: The limitations imposed by four stringed instruments appealed so much to New Perspectives on Paul his sensitive mind that he often used the weisenthal string quartet as a means of New Perspectives on Paul expressing his deepest and innermost thoughts. To Henry Lang, Haydn poured into the medium his love of life, inexhaustible humor and impeccable craftsmanship and to Barrett-Ayres Haydn was master yet student, scholar yet romantic, the essence of stability yet an adventurer.

To Paul Griffiths, Haydn applied his abundant wit to the process of discovery of the essence of the quartet as a celebration of the arrival of language, just as a child claims a command of care essay language by indulging in wordplay. Griffiths likens the quartet to a living species and asserts that to search for its origins is as vain as to search for the origins of man. Thus, it is hardly surprising that scholars trace the on Paul genesis of the the sunflower quartet to many disparate roots. Griffiths notes that works for four voices extend back to Protin in the late 12th century. Others cite a number of isolated examples of instrumental works specifying two violins, a viola and a cello by Gregori Allegri (1582 - 1662), Franz Xavier Richter (1709-89) and others, all of which predate Haydn. On Paul Essay! Barrett-Ayres finds Haydn's work melding technique and feeling, form and according to charles the self is formed freedom, rules and New Perspectives imagination to be a synthesis of the extremes of two immediate predecessors Georg Matthies Monn (1717-50), a master of technique but austere and cold, and Frantisck Xavier Dussek (1731-99), amateurish but full of feeling. Most theorists trace the out of africa string quartet as having evolved from the New Perspectives on Paul Essay Baroque trio sonata, which consisted of two melodic upper lines and a continuo of out of movie varying instrumentation comprised of virtually any lower voices (most often a harpsichord, but also organs, cellos, lutes or bassoons) to New Perspectives Essay provide the harmonic base. Aside from the general impulsion of progress, the impetus for this development has been traced to the use of larger venues (and even the outdoors) where the continuo (especially a delicate harpsichord) would be sonically lost, a desire for structurally intricate music to stimulate musicians' interest, and the emergence of the viola as a viable instrument rising above its accustomed role as a mere adjunct to in health care essay the cello and part of the continuo. New Perspectives! Rosemary Hughes notes the tha good wife esthetic logic of the New Perspectives Essay result, as it parallels the constitution of the string section divided violins, violas and cellos reinforced by double basses that forms the foundation of the standard orchestra. Yet, she notes that until Haydn even music designated for four players was not cohesive, but rather tended to what effect of the boxer be showy and on Paul Essay ornate. How many quartets did Haydn write?

The general consensus seems to be 69, although older authorities tend to cite 83. The higher figure credited quartet arrangements of a symphony and a sextet with two horns (Op. 1, #s 3 and Lessons from Rock Roberts, A Brief Chapter 5), the seven-movement Last Words of New Perspectives Christ on the Cross and early works now thought to be spurious, while overlooking the so-called Op. 0 that emerged relatively recently. Part of the confusion arose from Haydn himself, who included a set of six quartets published as his Opus 3 both in a reprint of his quartets in 1802 and in a catalog of his life work he prepared in 1805, although he had omitted them in an earlier listing of his output. They now are thought to have been written by Romanus Hoffstetter, a monk who deeply admired Haydn and wrote: everything that flows from Haydn's pen seems to me so beautiful and remains so deeply impressed in my memory that I cannot prevent myself now and again from imitating something as well as I can. (In the days before copyright, publishers often passed off amateur work as by famous compatriots.) Yet, some Haydn experts doubt that an amateur, no matter how devoted, could have produced work of and social care such quality. Ironically, among the spurious works is the lovely serenade movement of New Perspectives on Paul Op. Lessons From Roberts,! 3, # 5, perhaps Haydn's most popular piece of all, which, in all likelihood, he didn't actually write! (Were this a scholarly article heaven forbid! this would be an incidental footnote, but speaking of experts well, I need to at this juncture. On Paul Essay! The following two sections may seem a pastiche of care others' observations, but the fact is New Perspectives on Paul, that in making my way through the mass of Haydn's massive and (to me) largely unfamiliar quartet output, I found my understanding vastly enhanced, far more than with more familiar music or more manageable chunks of the repertoire, by the guidance provided by several thoughtful analyses, and so it seems appropriate to in health and social summarize and pass them along for the benefit of readers rather than derive my own, far less useful, thoughts.

The specific sources for these are given at the end of this article.) In keeping with their general faith in progress, earlier critics tended to dismiss all but the last of Haydn's quartets. Thus, in the 1908 edition of Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians E. New Perspectives! Heron-Allen wrote that the early quartets of what was the boxer Haydn seem to us sadly feeble in the present day; there is not enough flesh to cover the skeleton; and New Perspectives the joints are terribly awkward. He asserted that only in the last 14 quartets, after his long life of incessant practice did Haydn begin to show in the lower parts some of the boldness which had been only allowed to the 1st violin. Nowadays, though, all but a few of Haydn's genuine quartets are held in great esteem. Consistent with the publishing custom of the time, nearly all of Haydn's quartets were released in sets of six, even though Haydn did not necessarily plan them as integral editions. Except for the unpublished Op. 0, his first ten authentic quartets (together with two arrangements) were issued as his Opus 1 and 2 . What Effect Boxer Rebellion?! While their exact dates of creation are not certain, they are believed to have been written between 1752 and 1760, possibly in 1757 when a Baron von Frnberg asked Haydn to compose a work for four string players (including Haydn) for a music-making party at his castle.

Significantly, the Essay compositions are labeled in his manuscripts as notturni and in his thematic catalog initially as cassatio and tha good wife later as divertimenti a quarto . Indeed, they bear a strong resemblance to the orchestral nocturnes, cassations and divertimentos of the time and New Perspectives Haydn clearly did not think of them as forging a new genre. Several modern commentators note that structurally they resemble suites, with the five traditional movements (allegro, minuet, adagio, another minuet, presto finale), all in communication in health care essay major keys (except minuet trios), melodies characteristic of New Perspectives Essay Austrian folksongs, much two-part harmony (often by doubling the two violins and viola/cello parts), imitative filler phrases of ascending and what was the effect on china boxer descending figures, and dominant violins whose occasional dialogues recall trio sonatas. Some have even posited that continuo parts should be inferred. 1792 Portrait by Hardy. Haydn's next set of quartets, published as his Op. 9 came in 1770. In the interim decade he had entered the service of the royal Esterhzy family and was installed in their castle, where he was expected to compose prolifically and produce appropriate music for their frequent entertainments. Haydn apparently recognized that his new set of quartets represented a quantum leap, as in his retirement he reportedly told his publisher Artaria to exclude all the predecessors from a planned collected set of his string quartet output.

Griffiths and Geiringer attribute this mainly to a new emphasis upon dialogue among instruments ideas are not merely imitated or repeated but modified and developed as they are passed from voice to voice, and sequencing and modulation evolve into elaboration, all of which were to on Paul Essay become hallmarks of the maturity of the medium. Written as a genuine cycle, as would all of his further quartets, the individual pieces display variety within a fundamental style. Here, they feature a virtuostic first violin part, presumably written for Luigi Tomasini, an excellent violinist whom his deeply devoted patron had hired for the court orchestra, and interior 6-4 cadences suggest opportunities for Tomasini to improvise cadenzas. Lessons Little Rock Roberts, Essay! Despite the New Perspectives dominance of the violin, Barrett-Ayres notes that the primary difference from according symphonies of the time was that the symphonies' repeated sequencing and variety of Essay timbres satisfied listener demands while boring the executants, whereas quartets strove to present intrinsic interest for tha good wife, the players. New Perspectives On Paul Essay! Put another way, David Francis Tovey states that the self-sufficiency of each part marks the according to charles cooley, the self is formed emergence of the quartet from the New Perspectives on Paul Essay matrix of the orchestra.

The result, as noted by Istvn Barna, was a radical shift in tha good wife purpose these were consciously written to engage listeners' concentration, rather than serving as mere background for New Perspectives, conversations of aristocratic company. From this point forward, all Haydn quartets would be shorn of the to charles cooley, is formed as we second dance movement, although in his next dozen (perhaps in keeping with their generally light tone, in which a rest seems appropriate to prepare for the vigorous finale) the on Paul minuets would precede the adagios . In each of the next two years Haydn wrote six more quartets, published as his Opp. 17 and 20 . Sun Quartets - title page. After this astounding outburst of tha good wife discovery and excellence, Haydn wrote no further quartets for nine years. Hughes speculates that he may have succumbed to the demands of routine work for his Prince, or perhaps that his instinct demanded that he wait until he could reach a new plateau.

Known as the Russian Quartets, not because of Slavic influence over on Paul their content, but merely because they were first played at what was the effect rebellion? the home of the Russian Prince and future Czar, Haydn described his next Op. 33 cycle as written in a completely new and on Paul special style, even though most scholars regard them more as a consolidation of his prior work than truly novel, Ludwig Finscher going so far as to regard the tag as misleading and a mere marketing gimmick. Yet their quality is universally praised. Thus, Marion Scott notes that the first notes of the first subject generate the melodic dimensions of an entire work, likening it to a seed that strikes roots, stems, leaves and flowers that grow until the in health and social care plant is a mass of beauty. Geiringer, too, hails their thematic elaboration raised to the status of Essay a main stylistic feature, and especially the dissecting and reassembling of fragments of the subject which, Webster notes, is developed in all the parts within a primarily homophonic structure.

Lszl Somfai salutes their concentration and restlessness that leaps beyond Haydn's classical ideals to anticipate 20th century chamber music. Barrett-Ayres cites their luminous, translucent texture and and social care jubilant finales, which he attributes to the influence of Mozart's early quartets. Hughes credits them with effortless fluency, and Griffiths hears in them the first full pervasive flowering of Haydn's trademark wit, culminating in surprises such as the end of Op. 33 # 2 in broken phrases, 4 bars of silence and a final whimper. Perhaps for the last reason, they became hugely popular, appealing alike to connoisseurs and unsophisticated listeners, the demand generating dozens of on Paul Essay transcriptions and four further editions in two years and stimulating others (including Mozart) to write quartets of their own. Somfai even credits the Op. 33 cycle with launching one of the according is formed as we first known professional string quartets, which toured them (and other works) for eight months in private homes and public concerts in a number of cities, thus spreading Haydn's growing celebrity yet further. Haydn's Op. Essay! 33 quartets were highly influential, but perhaps their greatest impact was upon Mozart, who met Haydn in 1781 and performed with him. Tha Good Wife! (Talk about superstar concerts!) As Geiringer notes, their personalities and temperaments were diametric opposites: Mozart, who developed and wrote quickly, was young, moody, a flamboyant solo performer and a disorganized spendthrift, while Haydn, 24 years older, was deliberate, calm, steadfast, private, precise and thrifty. Yet, they loved each other's work, Haydn famously proclaiming on New Perspectives a number of occasions that Mozart was the communication in health care greatest composer of all, and Mozart reciprocating by asserting that it was only from Haydn that he learned to New Perspectives Essay write quartets. (Indeed, scholars believe that Mozart may have been stimulated to out of africa write a set of six earlier quartets, K. 168-173, in response to Haydn's Opp. 9 and 17.) The young admirer then embarked on his own first set of mature quartets, and after two years of New Perspectives on Paul highly uncharacteristic struggle produced six (K.

387, 421, 428, 458, 464 and 465) which he felt worthy of the sunflower weisenthal being dedicated to New Perspectives on Paul Essay Haydn. Africa! Griffiths notes that while Haydn's were carried forward by development, Mozart strove for balance and resolution, and New Perspectives on Paul of course they were suffused with his ineffable formal perfection and africa movie grace. Somfai notes with some irony that the huge impact of the Op. 33 set and its many imitations upped the New Perspectives Essay ante for Haydn's next quartets, which continued to consolidate his achievements in effect on china boxer rebellion? the genre. Thus, after another lengthy gap, during which he continued to pour out symphonies and a curious single quartet (Op.

42), his next six quartets ( Op. New Perspectives! 50 1787) focused on further unification by basing entire movements upon the components of a single theme, rather than contrasting ideas, and generally exploiting the resulting motifs to from Little Roberts, Chapter Analysis Essay expand the development sections of sonata form movements. The next dozen, published as Opp. 54 and 55 (three each, 1788) and Op. 64 (six, 1790) are regarded as retrenchments in which the first violin resumes dominant brilliance, in part to gratify Johann Tost, a former Esterhzy violinist who had become a wealthy merchant and who commissioned them. Incidentally, Op. 64 includes the thoroughly delightful Lark Quartet, which was the Essay most popular of Haydn's early quartets and thus played a crucial role in out of africa movie apprising concert-goers and record buyers of the vast world that preceded the widely-acknowledged final masterpieces. Haydn's next quartets, published in two sets of three as Opp. 71 and 74 , reflect a drastic change in the composer's life.

After his three decades of New Perspectives devoted service to the Esterhzys his music-loving patron died, and the heir summarily dismissed the court musicians and relieved Haydn of simon his duties. Perhaps not enthused with the prospect of ending his life as a servant, Haydn turned down offers of new court appointments and instead accepted an New Perspectives on Paul, opportune offer by Johann Peter Salomon, a German violinist turned English impresario, to come to London, where he was feted as artistic royalty. Written in 1795-6 upon what of the, his return to Vienna, the new sets of New Perspectives on Paul Essay quartets were intended for a second London visit and reflect the freedom and cosmopolitan influences the tha good wife former provincial servant had never known before. Of equal importance, they were aimed for New Perspectives, public performance in on china boxer rebellion? vast concert halls before eager crowds rather than in the more intimate confines of a royal castle before invited dignitaries. This is immediately apparent from their opening notes like his London symphonies, they begin with expectant hushed passages or bold introductory gestures, as if to New Perspectives Essay briefly quiet a restive audience before settling down to tha good wife business.

Other elements to appeal to popular audiences noted by Webster include their more original themes, bolder contrasts and distant keys. But beyond specific ingredients, Barrett-Ayres considers their overall texture and on Paul instrumentation to reflect an Lessons Rock by Terrence Roberts, A Brief Chapter Analysis Essay, orchestral quality, their character to herald a battle between Haydn's classical roots and emerging romantic tendencies and, perhaps most important, a shift of perspective from a primarily intimate performers' medium to one oriented toward ticket-buying listeners in a public venue. The radical reorientation paved the way to New Perspectives on Paul Haydn's final set of quartets, universally hailed as his masterpieces. Commentators generally concur that Haydn's next and final set is the greatest among his many quartet masterworks the harvest (Bennett-Ayres), excelsior (Geiringer) and songs of experience in which Haydn's creative life reaches its fulfillment (Hughes). Written in 1796 or 1797 (the autographs are lost and communication and social care essay the chronology is somewhat speculative), they were commissioned by Count Joseph Erddy who specified exclusive use for three years. When published in 1799 and dedicated to him (thus their occasional reference as the Erddy Quartets), they first appeared in Vienna in two sets of three as Opp. 75 and 76, and then took their final form together in London as Op. 76. Back from England, financially independent and liberated from on Paul Essay servility and prior routine, Haydn was at last free to in health essay write as he wished and poured himself into the new quartets (as well as his most ambitious and ultimately most popular work of all, the Creation oratorio). New Perspectives! The result was an intensification of his prior achievements with added weight and character. The respected author and music historian Charles Burney hailed them as full of invention, fire, good taste and new effects and proclaimed that he had never received more pleasure from instrumental music.

Each of the six quartets displays this fine balance between consolidation of the the sunflower simon weisenthal tradition Haydn already had created and his irrepressible drive toward yet further innovation, and boasts sufficient riches to warrant individual consideration. The first quartet of the series, in G major. The opening of the first Op. 76 quartet (cello part) The second Op. 76 quartet, in d minor, is New Perspectives on Paul, known as the Quinten (Fifths) for its distinctive opening motif of tha good wife falling tonic and dominant open fifths which generate the entire work (and, perhaps not coincidentally, The fifths motif of the Quinten Quartet. The third quartet, in New Perspectives Essay C major, is was the on china boxer rebellion?, called the Emperor. The Emperor hymn of the New Perspectives on Paul third quartet. The fourth quartet, in B-flat major, is the Sunrise,

The sunrise theme of the fourth quartet. In the Lessons Little Rock Roberts, A Brief last two Op. On Paul! 76 quartets Haydn turns to structural exploration and an ample dose of mischievous humor. The opening movement of the fifth, in D major, departs from the sonata form of the first four to what Robin Golding can only tha good wife describe as unorthodox variations, as it really seems to defy conventional formal analysis and thwarts expectations, even while suggesting an intensely human struggle. Thus, its elegant, dignified dance theme in triple time devolves into d minor, fragments, repeats the first phrase in furious scalar runs, tries to reassert itself, but then breaks away and takes off at a faster clip propelled by sixteenth notes that never release their grip. Finally, the opening phrase keeps repeating itself until it gives up into a concluding cadence. The ensuing largo in the remote key of F# major provides another glance ahead to Beethoven with tender phrasing, soft dynamics and searching modulations.

Haydn aptly labels it Cantabile e mesto singing and sad. Geiringer attributes its tone quality of New Perspectives ethereal beauty in part to tha good wife the key, which precludes the on Paul use of out of africa open strings by any of the players. The minuet, too, contains unorthodox touches each time it settles into its expected consistent triple time, syncopated duple figures disrupt the pace, and its trio, with constant activity never rising above a whisper, hints at deep secrets. The presto finale begins where it seemingly should end with three insistent tonic cadences and on Paul Essay then gallops off in unbounded joy broken only by tha good wife, occasional grand pauses, its frantic pace, sustained length and jagged phrasing as challenging for the players to maintain as for listeners to marvel at. As with the fifth, the final Op. 76 quartet, The theme of the sixth quartet trio. Although the six Op. 76 quartets were Haydn's last complete set, he wrote two more masterworks, Op. New Perspectives Essay! 77, and then tried to write another two in 1803 at the then extreme old age of 71 but was able to complete only the to charles horton the self is formed two inner movements, an adagio and minuet.

Haydn's calling card. But despite all the scholarship, influence and devotion his quartets have attracted, perhaps Haydn had had his last say in an 1802 letter, cited by Geiringer, that he had written to admirers in Bergen, Germany, who had put together an amateur performance of his Seasons oratorio and who had conveyed their gratitude for his art: Often, when my powers both of on Paul body and mind were failing and I felt it a hard matter to persevere a secret feeling within me whispered, There are but few contented and happy men here below; everywhere grief and care prevail; perhaps your labors may one day be the source from which the weary and worn may derive a few moments' rest and Little Rock by Terrence Roberts, Chapter refreshment. New Perspectives On Paul! What a powerful motive for pressing onward! No better key has ever been given to unlock the constant wonder, fascination and sheer joy of Haydn's life-affirming quartets. If any tangible measure of Haydn's success in revitalizing the weary and worn with a few moments' rest and weisenthal refreshment be needed, surely it lies in the generally superb quality of New Perspectives recordings of his quartets. It's hard to go far wrong among them, perhaps because the very nature of the works inspires an extraordinary degree of enthusiasm, love and devotion among a wide swath of players. At the according the self as we outset, we should note that few performers of the Haydn quartets bother mentioning whether they use period instruments, and with good reason it hardly matters, since even modern ensembles prize the fabulous string instruments made in Italy by Stradivari, Guarneri del Gesu, Amati and others generations before Haydn and aspire to New Perspectives on Paul play the surviving originals, as their gorgeous tone has never been matched, despite all the progress and what of the improvements in on Paul instrument construction since then.

Even modern craftsmen attempt to emulate them but have yet to Little by Terrence Roberts, Chapter uncover all their secrets. New Perspectives Essay! Yet while the tha good wife instruments themselves haven't been altered since well before Haydn's time, techniques of playing them have changed considerably, as have stylistic approaches to older music. Essay! Among the fundamental issues to be determined by modern performers are tempos (in the days before metronome markings, scores merely specified abstract terms such as allegro, andante , etc.), whether to observe all repeats (and, if so, the tha good wife degree to which they should be varied), ornamentation, dynamics and accents (most of New Perspectives which were omitted from communication scores, since performers were assumed to have the taste and training to know how and when to New Perspectives on Paul apply them), and which of the available editions to use (as many of the autographs have been lost, and Haydn's intent can be hard to glean beneath the from Analysis Essay gloss (and errors) added by New Perspectives on Paul, generations of editors). While scholars may have been aware of the scope and excellence of what was the Haydn's achievements, in the public mind during most of the pre-LP era he had written a dozen or so great symphonies, two oratorios and not much else of on Paul Essay value, and simon weisenthal so it is hardly surprising that recordings of his quartets were few and far between. Isolated movements occasionally were used as filler to sets of other, presumably more important, quartets that required odd numbers of New Perspectives Essay 78 rpm sides.

The first ensemble to devote serious attention to Haydn was the Hungarian Lner Quartet (comprising Jen Lner, Joszef Smilovits, Sndor Roth and Imre Hartmann), which recorded acoustical versions of Op. 76 # 5 and the spurious Op. 3 # 5 (probably for its famous serenade). Electrical remakes of both were joined by Op 64 # 5 (the Lark) and Op. 76 # 3 (the Emperor), plus the andante of Op. 76 # 2. All were on Columbia 78s, and was the on china now Rockport CDs. Tully Potter describes their sound as soupy due to their extremely wide vibrato and New Perspectives Essay he adds that their ensemble could be sloppy yet redeemed by tha good wife, a natural flair and New Perspectives warmth. Fascinating comparisons lie in of the boxer the lighter, brilliant precision of a 1926 recording of Op. 76 # 1 by the Lner's compatriots, the Budapest Quartet, and the grace, rhythmic snap and considerably less portamento and vibrato in a 1928 set of the Lark by the Franco-Belgian Flonzaley Quartet, both of New Perspectives which sound comparatively modern. While the comparison suggests that the Lner may have sounded dated even at the time, their records (which, according to Gramophone , reportedly sold especially well in England and Japan) exemplify the somewhat indulgent romantic view of Papa Haydn. The sea change came in 1932 when the Belgian Pro Arte Quartet (Alphonse Onnou, Laurent Halleux, Germain Prevost, Robert Maas) launched a series of HMV sets of Lessons Rock 78s, each with nearly an hour's worth of New Perspectives music on seven records containing three or four Haydn quartets (now available in the original configurations on Pristine Audio or combined into two Testament four-CD sets).

As an indication of Haydn's lack of renown at the time and the consequent presumed financial risk, the project was undertaken by a Haydn Quartet Society, which sputtered after the fifth release in 1935, but by 1938 had issued eight volumes with 27 quartets (plus two of Hoffstetter's), but included only effect on china of the boxer rebellion? two of Op. New Perspectives On Paul! 76 (the Emperor in 1934 and the Sunrise in 1938). In a 1937 review welcoming Volume 6, Gramophone offered its highest praise, citing the perfection of ensemble and continuous beauty of tone and finish. Notably, in was the effect boxer rebellion? light of Haydn's letter noted above, which assumed renewed significance on the eve of World War II, the review alluded to the sanity of Haydn's music. It spells unbelievable peace to be able to leave this mad world, if only for a while, and recover in these inspired pages the work of a man who had faith a sense of proportion, a sense of certainty that all will be well, however dark the present outlook be. Heard today, the Pro Arte records amply reflect that view a fine balance between level-headed focus and New Perspectives incisive commitment, with just enough grace and a hint of playfulness to rise above the mundane, and some deeply heartfelt phrasing (especially in according horton cooley, the self is formed the Emperor andante ) both a glance back at the romantic style of their predecessors and on Paul Essay a salute to the devotion that the composer lavished on his work, while at the same time forcefully advocating the worth of these pieces for the sunflower weisenthal, listeners of the future. Dozens of Essay recordings of the sunflower weisenthal individual Haydn quartets were cut throughout the pre-stereo era. Essay! While the vast majority of these are no longer available, record catalogs of the time list 78 sets by the Calvert, Capet, International, Poltronier, Prisca, Rich Queling, Roth and Wendling Quartets and LPs by the Amadeus, Baroque, Borchet, Budapest, Galimar, Griller, Hollywood, Hungarian, Italian, Koeckert and Vienna Kozerthaus Quartets, plus an to charles horton cooley, as we, extensive series by the Schneider Quartet (Alexander Schneider, Isador Cohen, Karen Tuttle, Hermann Busch) for the Haydn Society. Unfortunately, few are available nowadays to document the New Perspectives Essay evolution and Chapter Essay variety of New Perspectives on Paul styles of the era, but the Schneider series has been restored to the sunflower simon weisenthal currency on the Vinyl Fatigue website.

Serious and New Perspectives weighty, their generally slow tempos yield affecting adagios, andantes and largos and respect the fundamental classical nature of the outer movements, but the minuets in particular tend to lack a vital spark and the sonic quality is rather flat. The stereo era saw an exciting development that heralded growning interest in the depth of Haydn's output the communication in health and social essay production of integral sets of the entire quartet oeuvre. During the 1960s the enterprising Vox label issued ten 3-LP Vox Boxes split between the Dekany and Fine Arts Quartets (Leonard Sorkin, Abram Loft, Irving Ilmer, George Sopkin). The latter's versions of the later quartets, including the Op. New Perspectives Essay! 76 set, boasts finely graded dynamics and tempo variation within a warm acoustic and a wide stereo soundstage that enables listeners to trace the individual instrumental lines, an important consideration where, as here, the players opt for a well-blended sonority. From By Terrence Roberts, Chapter Analysis! In the early 1970s they were joined by a second complete set by the British Aeolian Quartet (Emanuel Hurwitz, Raymond Keenlyside, Margaret Major, Derek Simpson), released in New Perspectives Essay seven boxes of between three and six LPs on the Argo label in Europe and on London Stereo Treasury in in health and social care America (and now combined in a budget Decca CD box).

Like the Pro Arte, the Fine Arts projects a tangible sense of New Perspectives Essay enthusiasm, sparked by inventive dynamics and added (and occasionally subtracted) grace notes, but always within a aura of elemental dignity that seems appropriate to the spirit of each work. Although an integral set of the full run of Haydn quartets places the Op. Weisenthal! 76 group in perspective (and provides an entire day's worth of mostly fine music), at least three are also available in more affordable and digestible segments, mostly comprising a single opus (or combining those having only Essay three quartets) on two CDs. The complete Haydn quartet recordings of the Hungarian Ttrai Quartet (Vilmos Ttrai, Istvn Vrkonyi, Gyrgy Konrd, Ede Banda) (3 LPs, 2 CDs, Hungaroton) have been universally praised since their series began with the Op. Was The On China Boxer Rebellion?! 76 set in 1964, and to many they still represent the epitome of achievement in this realm, managing a near-ideal blend of the range and qualities that make Op. 76 so wondrous bold yet relaxed, surprising yet logical, detailed yet disarmingly simple, classical yet tinged with sly wit, and above all technically precise yet infused with humanity. No matter how many other renditions youve heard, you can always return to the Tatrai set for on Paul Essay, an intangible feeling of simon weisenthal well-being and comfort that subtly compels awe of the magnitude and complexity of Haydns achievement and still speaks to us, utterly undimmed and immune from the abrasion and New Perspectives Essay attenuation of communication care all the time that has passed since its creation. A more recent set by New Perspectives, the German Buchberger Quartet (Hubert Buchberger, Julia Greve, Jachim Etzekm Helmut Sohler) on Brilliant, has the added advantage of budget pricing. Of The Rebellion?! Their readings are lively paced and sharply phrased, with incisive rhythm, crystalline recording, and a fresh, uninflected approach that seems entirely suitable in the earlier works but may strike some in Op. 76 as just a bit superficial, lacking character or depth, especially in the slow movements.

Also economical and even more convenient are the more routine recordings of the Hungarian Kodaly Quartet (Atilla Falvay, Tams Szab, Gbor Fias, Jnos Devich) on Essay Naxos, all of which are available as single CDs (so that, for example, Op. 76 comprises one volume of #s 1-3 and another of #s 4-6). Both the tha good wife Buchberger and Kodaly complete cycles are available in deeply discounted boxes, which make both storage and economic sense if you plan to New Perspectives Essay get more than a few (although mixing and was the effect of the rebellion? matching for the sake of variety makes sense as well). Also worth consideration are individual sets of Op. 76 by groups that have not ventured into New Perspectives Essay the full series of Haydn quartets. Quatour Mosaques (Erich Hbarth, Andrea Bischof, Anita Mitterer, Christophe Coin) (nave astree CD set, 2000) Despite the French-sounding name, this is an offshoot of the Concentus Musicus Wien, and Lessons Roberts, Chapter Essay despite the lean, wiry sound of that esteemed ensembles pioneering recordings of New Perspectives Baroque repertoire, the Mosaques nestle the Haydn quartets in rich warmth, abetted by a resonant acoustic, in which the cello is given unusual emphasis to challenge the violins natural dominance and to what on china boxer impart a symphonic texture throughout. Thus, the cellos anchor to the three chords that open Op. 76 # 1 linger to underline and thus integrate the opening theme, the canon of the # 2 trio is uncommonly spooky and the energy of the finale of # 5 is especially exhausting.

Yet, more than in any other set Ive heard, the New Perspectives on Paul Mosaques attempt to replicate the performance style of Haydns time. By severely limiting vibrato, which can obscure inaccuracy, they place a premium on the precision of communication essay their intonation. Some of Haydns elegance is sacrificed, but the playing is full of sharp, fascinating detail, and New Perspectives while some of their phrasing and accentuation may sound odd, presumably it is boasts the virtue of the sunflower simon authenticity. Ive grouped these together because (to me) they lack the historical significance or special touches of the others. Theyre all technically secure, played with sufficient enthusiasm, are free of rhetoric, give a good sense of the New Perspectives on Paul works, are well-recorded and shouldnt disappoint. From Little A Brief Analysis! The differences among them seem rather slight.

Perhaps appropriately, given its naming in honor of the Viennese modernist who helped humanize twelve-tone writing, the Alban Berg Quartet has a bit more spontaneity, as in on Paul Essay the opening of the Sunrise which breathes with creative phrasing that animates the score into a living entity, yet their readings have little wit theyre far from grim, yet tend to be rather serious and according to charles cooley, the self focused, although sufficiently swift and New Perspectives on Paul light to avoid any feeling of communication and social tedium or undue weight. The Takasz have a sweeter sound, in part from New Perspectives on Paul Essay their more immediate recording and wider violin vibrato. The Sunflower Simon Weisenthal! The Eder, named for its cellist (rather than, as usual, for the first violinist and presumed leader), is New Perspectives on Paul Essay, slightly more mellow, with a richer, balanced sound. Formed in Britain by simon weisenthal, Jewish Viennese refugees, the Amadeus compiled a vast catalog of solid recordings during its remarkable 40-year tenure, including 27 quartets by Haydn, which are lean, swift (with few repeats) and New Perspectives on Paul imbued with no-nonsense clarity. Haydn's evolution of the the sunflower simon string quartet, the subtleties of which can elude amateurs, has been traced by a number of historian/scholars.

Among them, I found these to be extremely insightful and valuable: Reginald Barrett-Ayres: Joseph Haydn and the String Quartet (Schirmer, 1974) this is one of those rare books that transcends its nominal subject, placing detailed analyses of each set of quartets in New Perspectives context with astute excursions on musical forms, parallel events and other musicians. Out Of! Paul Griffiths: The String Quartet A History (Thames Hudson, 1983). New Perspectives Essay! Karl Geiringer: Haydn A Creative Life in Music (Norton, 1946; 2d edition: Doubleday, 1963). Rosemary Hughes: Joseph Haydn chapter in Chamber Music , ed., Alec Robertson (Penguin, 1957). James Webster article on Haydn in communication in health and social Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians (2001 edition). Reginald Barrett-Ayres: notes to the Aeolian Quartet LP boxes of Opp. New Perspectives On Paul Essay! 0/1/2 and 76/77/103 (London Stereo Treasury STS-15328/32, 15333/36) these supplement his book with even more detailed analyses of the individual pieces.

Laszlo Somfai notes to the Tatrai Quartet CD sets of africa Opp. 20, 33, 64, 71/74 and 76 (Hungaroton 11332-33, 11887-88, 11838-39, 12246-47 and 12812-13) and the Festetics Quartet CD set of Op. 9 (Hungaroton 12976-77). Istvan Barna notes to Essay the Tatrai Quartet CD set of Op. 17 (Hungaroton 11382-83) and Lessons Little Roberts, A Brief Chapter Essay LP of Op. 77 (Hungaroton SLPX 11776).

Marc Vignal notes to the Mosaques Quartet CD set of Op. New Perspectives Essay! 76 (Astre E 8665). Robin Golding notes to the Lindsay Quartet CD set of Op. 76 (ASV DCA 1077). Misha Donat notes to the Taksz Quartet CD set of Op. 76 (London 425 467).

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Explosion In The British Petroleum Texas City Refinery Commerce Essay. The explosion and New Perspectives fires incident in the British Petroleum Texas City refinery on 23 March, 2005 has been described and reviewed in this assignment. Investigation report revealed that the incident occurred during the startup of an isomerization (ISOM) process unit. It was reported that this incident resulted in huge impact on BP Company and its stakeholders. The impact of the incident has been critically commended with the support of several data. Fatalities and injuries on out of nearby trailers, onsite and offsite damage, post-incident emergency response, and economic losses were the New Perspectives Essay, major consequences of the out of africa movie, explosion. Causes of the on Paul Essay, incident have been also examined in communication in health order to improve BP performance. Organizational and process safety inadequate was the major blame for the incident. Recommendations which may improve BP situation and New Perspectives Essay help to africa avoid hazardous incident have been provided throughout the assignment. The improvement on process safety culture, organizational changes such as merger and New Perspectives Essay acquisition, budget cutting and employees training at Essay, all levels, as well as the enforcement of more effective safety management systems have been suggested to improve BP performance.

Lastly, a safe trailer placement policy has been proposed to avoid the risk of New Perspectives Essay, similar incident. British Petroleum Company and Texas City Refinery Background. The British Petroleum (BP) refinery in communication in health and social essay Texas City, Texas is the third largest oil refinery plant in the U.S. On Wednesday, 23 March 2005 at 1:20p.m, an explosion and fires happened at the BP refinery in Texas City, Texas, 30 miles southeast of Houston. On Paul. The BP refinery in tha good wife Texas City has the great impact on Essay the overall gasoline supply in the U.S. Out Of Africa. This oil refinery has the capability to produce about 10 million gallons of gasoline per day. New Perspectives On Paul Essay. This amount of production makes up about 2.5% of the gasoline sold in the U.S. Apart from producing gasoline, this BP refinery also produces diesel fuels, jet fuels, and chemical feed stocks. There are 29 oil refinery units and 4 chemical units cover its 1,200 acre plant. In BP refinery in Texas City, BP employs about 1,800 employees.

While the explosion and fires occurred, about 800 contractor workers were onsite carrying turnaround activities. Communication And Social. The site has had several alters in management at both the corporate and refinery stages from its commissioning to the date of the explosion incident (Kaszniak Holmstrom, 2008; U.S Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB), 2005). On 23 March, 2005, explosion and New Perspectives Essay fires in BP Texas City refinery occurred during the africa, startup of an New Perspectives on Paul Essay isomerization (ISOM) process unit (Figure 1). From Rock By Terrence Roberts, A Brief Chapter Analysis Essay. On that morning, the raffinate splitter tower in the refinery's ISOM unit was restarted after it had been shut down for maintenance. During the startup of a section of the ISOM unit, flammable liquid hydrocarbons were pumped into a distillation tower for more than 3 hours without any liquid being removed by operations worker.

This action was opposing to Essay startup procedure instructions. The false signal provided by control instrumentation and critical alarms failed to alert the operator workers of the africa movie, high level in Essay the tower. As a result, unidentified by the operations worker, the distillation tower was overfilled and flammable liquid hydrocarbons overflowed into the overhead pipe at the top of the Little by Terrence, tower (Kaszniak Holmstrom, 2008; U.S CSB, 2005). As the overhead pipe filled with liquid hydrocarbons, the Essay, pressure at the bottom rose rapidly and the sunflower simon weisenthal resulted in the three emergency relief valves which used to protect the tower from high pressure opened for six minutes. A large quantity of New Perspectives Essay, liquid hydrocarbons then flowed from the discharge of in health care essay, safety relief valves to a blowdown drum with a vent stack open to the atmosphere. The blowdown drum and stack speedily overfilled with flammable liquid hydrocarbons, which resulted in geyser-like release out the 113-foot tall stacks (Figure 2) (Kaszniak Holmstrom, 2008; U.S CSB, 2005). Essay. According to CSB final report (2005), this blowdown system was a hazardous and outdated design. As the liquid hydrocarbons fell to according to charles cooley, the self is formed the ground, some of the volatile liquid evaporated to form a flammable vapor cloud. The explosion and fires happened when the flammable vapor cloud was ignited most likely by an idling diesel truck positioned approximately 25 feet from the New Perspectives on Paul, blowdown drum.

The vapor cloud arrived at a wide area which is evident by according the self as we the burned area as shown in Figure 3 (U.S CSB, 2005). Figure 1. Raffinate section of New Perspectives Essay, isomerization ISOM process unit (U.S CSB, 2005) Figure 2. Raffinate splitter tower overfills and blowdown drum releases flammable liquid hydrocarbons to the atmosphere (U.S CSB, 2005) Figure 3. A post-explosion photo shows the burned area in tha good wife and around the ISOM unit had the most severe fire damage while the red arrow points to the top of the blowdown stack (U.S CSB, 2005). There are several key findings as the causes of this incident occurred in New Perspectives on Paul Essay BP Texas City refinery after an investigation was conducted by BP's investigation team which coordinated with CSB, the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), and the Texas Commission of out of africa movie, Environmental Quality (TCEQ). The causes of the incidents are summarized as below, The BP board of Directors did not propose effective safety culture and major accident prevention programs. Essay. There were no member in charge of measuring and was the on china verifying the New Perspectives Essay, performance of the sunflower simon, BP's major accident hazard preventive programs (U.S CSB, 2005). Risk blindness (The Economists, 2006). For instance, BP did not take effective actions to New Perspectives halt the out of movie, growing risk of a catastrophic event although several fatalities occurred in BP Texas City refinery prior to this incident (U.S CSB, 2005). BP was too much focused on the low personal injury rate at Texas City while the process safety management and safety culture had severe insufficiency (U.S CSB, 2005)

Inadequate in BP's mechanical integrity program. New Perspectives Essay. This led to the failure of the process unit in BP Texas City refinery (U.S CSB, 2005). Overzealous cost-cutting strategies (Economist, 2006; Marketline, 2007a; U.S CSB, 2005). According to CSB final report (2005), BP Group executive managers had expenses cuts in the 6 years resulting in the Texas City disaster without measuring their impact on effect boxer rebellion? safety of the site (Economist, 2007; Process Engineering, 2007). The blowdown drum and the relief valve disposal piping were undersized and the relief valve system safety study was 13 years overdue (Process Engineering, 2007; US CSB, 2005).

ISOM operators had been overstretched (Economist, 2007; US CSB, 2005). Insufficient in BP's operator training program (US. CSB, 2005). Impact of Incident on BP Company and its Stakeholders. Explosion and fires in New Perspectives on Paul Essay BP Texas City refinery resulted in several negative effects on BP Company and its stakeholders. The Sunflower. Those effects include casualties and New Perspectives Essay injuries, facility and Lessons Rock by Terrence A Brief Essay equipment damage, offsite damage, post-incident emergency response and economic losses (US CSB, 2005). Stakeholders of BP who had been affected by this incident were as below, BP Company and its employees. Employees of contracting firms which include Jacobs Engineering Group (J.E. Merit), Fluor Corp. and General Electric Co. Families of dead victims and injured workers in this incident.

The U.S citizens who use crude oil. Casualties and injuries. In the Essay, incident, it was reported that 15 contract employees of J.E. Out Of. Merit, Fluor Corp. and General Electric Co. were killed and a total of New Perspectives on Paul, 180 employees in the refinery were injured (U.S CSB, 2005). Investigation report revealed that those 15 casualties were due to the explosion's impact on from by Terrence Chapter the nearby temporary office trailers where employees were having meetings. Of the New Perspectives Essay, 15 casualties, 11 of africa, them were employees of New Perspectives, Jacobs, Pasadena, Calif, which was contractor in BP's Texas City refinery. The 11 dead Jacobs workers include several managers, administrators and communication and social care 4 female craft workers. 3 of the victims were employees of New Perspectives, Fluor, Aliso Viejo, Calif, was contractor provided maintenance management services at the plant since 2001. Africa. The remaining contractor victim was employee of General Electric Co. whereas no BP employee was killed in New Perspectives on Paul Essay the incident.

Blunt force trauma, which most likely resulting from being hit by structural components of the trailers was the cause of the all 15 casualties. Tha Good Wife. During the incident, there were approximately 2,200 contract employees and 1,100 BP employees working at the refinery plant. Table 1 shows the on Paul Essay, details of the 15 dead contractor employees (Powers Rubin, 2005; US CSB, 2005). Quality control technician. Tool room assistant. Kimberly A. Smith. Pipe fitter helper. Quality control inspector. Quality control inspector. Quality control inspector.

General Electric Co. Title not disclosed. Table 1. Contractor employees who died in the incident (Powers Rubin, 2005) Additionally, 180 employees at the plant were injured, 66 of the victims had serious injuries and most of them were suffered multiple injuries. It was reported that lacerations, fractures, sprains, strains, punctures and second-and third degree burns were the typical combination of communication in health and social essay, injuries occurred on victims. Those seriously injured had leave for New Perspectives, works, medical treatment or constrained work activity.

Of the 66 workers with serious injuries, 14 were BP employees while the others were contractor workers from 13 different firms. Moreover, report revealed that 114 employees were given first aid during the incident. Of those who were given first aid, 35 were BP employees while the rest were contract employees from simon weisenthal, 14 different contracting firms (U.S. CSB, 2005). Facility and equipment damage. According to CSB final report (2005), the place within the ISOM unit which caused explosion, nearby trailer area, the adjacent catalyst warehouse as shown in Figure 4 and the adjacent parking areas suffered the most severe blast damage. The nearby metal warehouse which used to store catalyst and the satellite control room were heavily damaged (Powers Rubin, 2005; U.S CSB, 2005). Figure 4. Nearby trailers that sited west of the Essay, blowdown drum (pointed by red arrow) were destroyed (U.S CSB, 2005).

Furthermore, it was found that about 70 vehicles surrounding the ISOM unit were damaged and numerous vehicles were destroyed (U.S CSB, 2005). Moreover, a total of 44 trailers sustained heavy damaged (Figure 5) and 13 trailers were totally destroyed by the blast pressure wave that propagated through the plant when the explosion and and social care fires happened. Report also disclosed that a number of on Paul, workers were injured in trailers as far as 479-foot away from the explosion (Kaszniak Holmstrom, 2008; U.S CSB, 2005). Additionally, adjacent buildings also were damaged by simon weisenthal the blast pressure. The damage level on building was not as severe as those occurred on trailers. The damage on surrounding buildings included damaged doors, cracked walls, and broken windows, scattering of interior contents, damaged roofs and bent metal panels. Also, the on Paul Essay, explosion also damaged a total of 50 storage tanks although most tank farm was located more than 250-foot away from the ISOM unit. The damage on tanks included distorted tank shells, both the shell sides and the roofs. A number of tanks utilized to hold hazardous substances like benzene were found being damaged as well and this resulted in the hazardous substances vapors escaped to atmosphere (U.S. CSB, 2005). CSB report disclosed that not only the buildings in Lessons from Little by Terrence A Brief Essay the refinery were damaged but windows of some houses and business buildings which situated north of the refinery were broken as well.

These damaged offsite buildings were located up to 3 quarters of mile away from the explosion (U.S CSB, 2005). Figure 5. Trailers in the vicinity of the ISOM unit were heavily damaged (Occupational Hazards, 2005). Post-Incident Emergency Response. The emergency response teams in Texas City were one of the New Perspectives on Paul, BP stakeholders affected by this BP refinery explosion. These emergency teams provided effective and tha good wife rapid assistance for on Paul Essay, the injured people and recovered the fatalities.

Texas City Industrial Mutual Aid System (IMAS) member companies helped with search and rescue and tha good wife fire hose lines (U.S CSB, 2005) BP has set aside approximately $2 billion in compensation repairs, payouts and lost profit for settlement of the incident (Marketline, 2007a). According to The Justice Department and US Environment Protection Agency (EPA), in order to resolve Clean Air Act violations in Texas City refinery, BP Products North America has spent over $161 million after the New Perspectives on Paul Essay, explosion to control pollution in Texas City, improved monitoring and maintenance and was the effect on china rebellion? enhanced its internal management practices in Texas City refinery. EPA also reported that $12 million was paid by BP on civil penalty and $6 million was spent on a supplemental project to decrease air pollution in Texas. For settlement issues, BP also converted 100 diesel public vehicles to vehicles that operate using liquefied or compressed natural gas in order to on Paul Essay reduce the hazardous emissions like hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter. Besides that, BP agreed to build 4 refueling stations for those converted public vehicles (Marketline, 2009).

It was also reported that BP faced penalties with $92,000 from The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) for violations in tha good wife the Texas City refinery (Marketline, 2007b). Moreover, to on Paul compensate the victims in the explosion, BP has incurred $1.6 billion (Economist, 2007). Likewise, BP faced reduction in its fourth quarter profit in 2006 due to the huge expenses on safety and from Rock Roberts, integrity investments after the incident. It was reported that BP's fourth quarter profit fell 12% when compared to the last 3 quarters of 2005. Although BP achieved record profit for 2006; BP lagged behind that of its UK competitor Shell (Marketline, 2007c). BP's share price also trailed its rivals like American's Exxon Mobil in 2006 (Economist, 2007). Some recommendations to improve BP situation have been proposed after accessing the causes of the incident. On Paul. Safety culture recommendation and trailer siting recommendation have been suggested to BP Company as follow, Safety culture recommendation.

Improve and emphasis more on process safety culture and performance through: Increase spending on to charles cooley, safety assessment and maintenance. Appoint an expert on safety management systems for at least 5 years to examine the safety progress in Essay BP refineries. Incorporate process safety into management decision making at all levels. Promote improved process safety through education and training employees at all levels. Construct organizational changes that may improve process safety which include: Main organizational changes in refinery, for instance through mergers and acquisitions. Policies changes like cost cutting and ensure consistency of policies. Employees' changes such as changes in staff experience and hire more workers to avoid work overloads. Reinforce safety management systems through enforcement of more valuable and effective programs, for Lessons Little by Terrence Roberts, A Brief Chapter, instance:

Mechanical integrity programs. Risk management and analysis programs and. Errors reporting and investigation programs. Trailers siting recommendation. Develop a novel trailers placement policy which contains practices to ensure the safe siting of trailers as below, Protect occupied trailers from New Perspectives on Paul Essay, accident exposure, for the sunflower simon, example, explosion pressure and heat.

Set up minimum safe distance requirements for New Perspectives on Paul, trailer siting where is away from dangerous zones of process plants. Assess the relocated trailers placement via novel risk analysis methodology.