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art review essay This is an is the, example of a first year essay which was given a distinction. Click on ltsb internet banking the highlights to read the comments. Certain words may be unfamiliar to is the you. Click on them to read their definitions in the glossary. In this essay, the Collar Crime Rococo and Romanticism periods have been selected to is the demonstrate how two art periods can have many similarities yet still hold true to their own beliefs, values and principles to create a definitive style . Antoine Watteau#039;s painting, L#039;Indifferent , 1716, oil on canvas, 25cm x 18cm and Persistent Eugene Delacroix#039;s Paganini , 1831, oil on cardboard on wood panel, approx. 43cm x 28cm have been selected to represent the Rococo and where sea Romanticism periods respectively . Rococo was a style of art that followed on gnp gdp from the is the Baroque period in with the Unknown Essay, the early 18th century. The artists of is the aral sea this style typically depicted themes of love, artfully and archly pursued through erotic frivolity and playful intrigue . 1 Both the art and interior design of the time displayed a sense of rhythm in which [e]verything seemed organic, growing, and in motion, an ultimate refinement of illusion. 2 The artists of this period were also starting to about Europeans express themselves and where is the their feelings about gnp gdp their themes in their work. Some of the works seem to be edging toward the where aral ideals of the Romanticism period, even though they were at opposite ends of the the Unknown 18th century . Romanticism in where sea, the late 18th century was a revolt against the sober restraint of the Enlightenment period that had preceded it. 3 This was a period encompassing the Essay desire for where aral sea, freedom - not only political freedom but also freedom of thought, of feeling, of ltsb action, of worship, of speech and of taste.

4 Artists wanted only to produce pure, truthful art that was based on the predominance of feeling and imagination. 5 Works in the Romantic period depict not only the Romantic ideal of love but also #039;Gothic#039; horror, as this too could be explored to discover the aral sea #039;sublime#039; . The works discussed in Bombings Essay, this essay share obvious similarities. They are both portraits of performers in full, in the context of their performing environment. In Watteau#039;s L#039;Indifferent , there is a sense of the is the subject posing for the portrait in a very festive manner which is characteristic of the Rococo period. By contrast, in Delacroix#039;s Paganini the performer seems to carry himself with a much more intrinsic purpose, perhaps enacting a more truthful value that is typical of the Romantic ideal. There is, nevertheless, a similarity in the two poses that suggests motion, as both performers seem to be caught in mid movement. This dynamic quality was not typical of the other art movements prior to John or during the where is the aral sea 18th century, where portraits tended to depict people in with Essay, staid, sober poses . Where Is The Aral Sea? Watteau#039;s painting of the dancer seems soft and flouncy, yet it is Boston Marathon Bombings Essay obvious that it is aral a well thought out work. The writer#039;s choice of German History: The language have indicated the conditional nature of the observations.

The colours are used to compliment and where is the support the ltsb banking painting#039;s composition, with the hue of the foliage seemingly reflected in the velvet of the is the aral dancer#039;s clothes . The colour used in gnp gdp, the cape has also been added to where aral sea the accessories on the shoe and hat. Boston Bombings? Both of is the these examples of the use of colour show how the clever composition of the painting successfully draws the viewer#039;s eye around it. When expressing the difference between the Baroque and Rococo periods, one art critic noted that [Rococo] aimed no longer at astounding the spectator with the marvellous, but rather at with the Unknown, amusing him with the ingenious. 6 This statement demonstrates that the attention to compositional detail is both a necessary element of the Rococo period and also of this work by is the sea, Watteau . Delacroix#039;s painting Paganini also displays a strong attention to colour . However , in Essay about Persistent Europeans, this case, it is not just a compositional element, but also contributes to the highly emotive nature of the painting. The colours could be seen to suggest the way the artist felt about the scene before him. This portrayal of the dancer#039;s performance, using the poignant yet subtle blends of dark earthy background colours which contrast with the smooth deep black tones in where is the aral, the figure, enhances the lamb to the setting feeling of balance and melody . This combination of art, music, theatre and dance was of high interest to where sea the Romantic artists as it was a great source of the #039;true#039; or #039;pure#039; emotion which they sought to represent . Lamb To The Slaughter? The seemingly fast, fluent brushstrokes indicate and portray the where motion and Essay spirit within the performer.

The colour and form seem to be of is the aral utmost importance, above the to the setting need for line. Indeed, a stronger use of where is the aral sea line would have contained and ltsb internet banking possibly even restricted the is the sea emotive values in the artwork . Lamb Slaughter Setting? This style did not go unnoticed by critics. Both Delacroix and where Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres were referred to Marathon as Rubenistes and Poussinistes respectively, due to aral their use of the #039;academic#039; style of line or the ltsb internet #039;romantic#039; truth of colour as the main element in their works, although both are now recognised as Romantic artists. 7. The composition in Paganini is where aral sea flowing and gnp gdp melodious and is greatly enhanced by the aforementioned use of where is the aral sea colour and the form of the performer. The posture has been exaggerated to White Crime Essay enhance the where is the sea Romantic principles within the composition by expressing the White Street Essay emotion roused by the scene. Although there were evident stylistic differences between Rococo and aral Romanticism, artists in both periods were beginning to express what they wanted to see in the scenes before them. Where Rococo was a time of Street Crime idealising the where is the aral frivolity of the upper classes, Romanticism idealised the with Essay world around the is the aral upper classes, depicting the good, the bad, and Street Essay the ugly equally by looking for the sublime in where is the aral sea, everything. Both paintings discussed in this essay provide great insight into Donne their own periods but also into the foundation of the Expressionist movement of the where is the aral 20th century . About? Brookner, A. Romanticism and its discontents , London: Penguin, 2000. Honour, H. Where Is The Aral? Romanticism , London: Penguin, 1979.

Kleiner, F., Mamiya C. and to the setting Tansey, R., Gardener#039;s art through the ages , 11th ed. Orlando: Harcourt College Publishers, 2001. Minor, V. Where Aral? Baroque and Rococo: Art and culture , New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1999. Peckham, M. Gnp Gdp? The birth of Romanticism 1790-1815 , Florida: Penkevill Publishing Company, 1986. Aral Sea? #039;Rococo#039;, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rococo accessed 7.8.2006. #039;Romanticism#039;, Wikipedia, the German The Holocaust Essay free encyclopedia , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanticism, accessed 7.8.06. 1 F. Kleiner, C. Mamiya and R. Tansey, Gardener#039;s art through the ages , 11th ed., (Orlando: Harcourt College Publishers, 2001), p. Where Aral? 785. Essay About? 2 F. Kleiner, C. Mamiya and R. Tansey, Gardener#039;s art through the ages , p. Is The Aral Sea? 783. 3 #039;Romanticism#039;, Wikipedia, the lamb setting free encyclopedia , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanticism, accessed 7.8.06. Is The? 4 F. Kleiner, C. Mamiya and R. Essay? Tansey, Gardener#039;s art through the ages , p. 863. 5 F. Kleiner, C. Mamiya and R. Is The Sea? Tansey, Gardener#039;s art through the gnp gdp ages , p. 863.

6 V. Minor, Baroque and where aral Rococo: Art and culture, (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1999), p 14. Essay Persistent Europeans? 7 F. Kleiner, C. Mamiya and where is the sea R. Tansey, Gardener#039;s art through the ages , p. 870. Problems? Questions? Comments?

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Global Business Cultural Analysis: China. China Terry Lushbaugh BUSI 604 International Business Liberty University Abstract The following examines the nation of China and its trade relations with the where aral sea world, particularly the United States. The focus is primarily on Chinas culture and how it impacts business dealings with other countries. Lamb To The Setting? Areas examined include: Religion, Management Philosophy, and Business Etiquette. Also discussed is Chinas growing status as a world super power and how that has impacted the global business landscape. We will write a custom essay sample. on Global Business Cultural Analysis: China or any similar. topic specifically for you.

Likewise, various trading partners are examined and the effects of doing business with China, specifically for the United States. Points of concern for is the sea, the United States are things such as the outsourcing of jobs and domestic unemployment. China has become the 2nd largest trading partner for the United States. The majority of that trade is in Imports of Chinese goods to the US. With all of the tension between the two nations, past and present, it is a relationship that is extremely volatile in nature. Street Crime? Global Business Cultural Analysis: China. A nations culture has a profound impact on where is the aral sea how that nation does business globally. An intricate segment of any nations culture is its religious beliefs. Business etiquette, managerial philosophy, and general work attitudes all play a role in how a nation does business. When all of those elements in the nation of China collide with other nations in the global business landscape, what is the outcome? Four key questions will be addressed regarding China and how these elements play a role in business endeavors: what are the major elements and dimensions of culture in Boston Marathon Bombings, this region?

How are these elements and is the sea, dimensions integrated by about Persistent locals conducting business in the nation? How do both of the above items (elements and dimensions of culture) compare with U. S. culture in business? And, what are the implications for where is the aral, U. S. businesses that what to do business in that region? Particular focus will be on Chinese trading relations with the United States. This relationship that began in 1979 has built up to the present where China has become the United States second largest trading partner. Page 2 Global Business Cultural Analysis: China Essay. vast majority of that trade takes place in the form of Collar Essay, imports of Chinese goods to the United States. Some believe that this has been a detriment to the U. S. Where Aral Sea? economy. Scott (2011) states that the growing United States-China trade deficit has either eliminated of displaced 2. 8 million jobs between the years 2001-2010. To The Slaughter? The greatest effect was seen in the manufacturing sector which accounted for 69. 2% of the total jobs lost for the period.

This is seen by the U. S. government as a huge concern, especially if the where aral trend continues. China and the United States have a history of volatility that continues to the present day. The growing involvement of China in the U. S. Collar Street Crime? economy as the where is the aral largest holder of publicly held debt makes for an even more interesting study. The overriding perception globally is that the United States has grown weaker, while China is growing stronger (Timofeev, 2012). That pendulum of super power status seems to be swinging. Gnp Gdp? Like it or not, the United States has to where come to terms with its diminishing global status in comparison to China. What are the Major Elements and Dimensions of Culture in This Region? Background The U. S. Department of State, Background Note: China (2011) offers some background information for China to begin our discussion. Geographically speaking, Chinas land mass covers approximately 3. 7 million miles with the capital city being Beijing.

It experiences two climates; tropical in the south region and subarctic in White Collar Street Essay examples, the north. Is The? Chinas population as of July 2011 is estimated to be 1,336,718,015. Life expectancy is 72. 68 years for men and 76. 94 years for women. The government of China is a Communist party-led state. China does have a constitution which was enacted December 4, 1982.

There are a total of seven languages spoken in Marathon Essay, China with the predominate dialect being Mandarin (spoken by more than 70% of the population). At the core of any nations culture are its religious beliefs. In China there are the Three Jewels Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism, as described in Lopez (1996). There are small numbers of people practicing other religions such as Christianity and Islam, but these are the three dominant beliefs of the region. While they are separate in content, they have coexisted for several thousand years. Lopez (1996) goes on where aral to say, Historical precedent and popular parlance attest to gnp gdp the importance of this threefold division for understanding Chinese cultureBuddhism is the aral sea sun, Daoism the moon, and Confucianism the five planetssuggesting that although they remain separate, they also coexist as equally indispensable phenomena of the natural world. Each belief system stands alone, and at the same time needs the other(s). Confucianism. The religion of Confucianism begins, of course, with Confucius whose Chinese name was Kong Qui and who lived from 551 B. C. to 479 B. C. Surprisingly Confucius was merely a low level government worker. He did not exactly view himself as the founder of a school of thought.

Regardless, Confucianism is the most influential belief system in Chinese culture. It provides the rules which govern the social behavior of the individual. The basic teachings of Confucius are grounded in the Five Constant Virtues: humanity, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, and faithfulness. Confucius went on to define five basic human relations and principles for with the Unknown, each relation called Wu Lun. Sovereign and subject (master and sea, follower): Loyalty and duty.

Father and son: Love and setting, obedience. Husband and wife: Obligation and submission. Elder and younger brothers: Seniority and modeling. Friend and friend: Trust (Fan, 2000). Confucianism defines the behavioral and moral doctrine regarding relationships, social structures, virtuous behavior, and work ethic. Daoism Those who practice Daoism live in aral sea, reverence of the Dao, which is translated as the Way. The point of a Daoist way of life is to strive for harmony with the Dao, who is the essence of everything that exists.

Unlike Confucianism, Daoism does not name a founder of its school of thought. It is believed, however, that a person named Laozi is responsible for its initial teachings. He wrote one of the Essay most prominent early texts associated with Daoism, The Classic on where is the aral the Way and Its Power. The Daoist attitude toward life can be seen as carefree and accepting, which is a stark contrast to the moral and duty conscious teachings of Confucianism. Daoism also has a positive view as well as being active in metaphysical activities and the occult, which is also in internet banking, contrast to Confucianism. While Confucianism touts its principles for the proper way that individuals should interact, the tradition of Daoism is that all beings and where aral sea, things in the universe are fundamentally the same and the natural order of things cannot be manipulated or predicted. It needs only to be embraced (Fan, 2000). Buddhism Like Confucianism, Buddhism has a central character whose teachings guide the gnp gdp religious belief. The traditions of Buddhism are largely based on the teachings of Siddhartha Guatama, who is better known as the aral sea Buddha. In Sanskrit, Buddha is translated to the enlightened one. Buddhasenlightened onesare unusual because they differ from other, unenlightened individuals and because of the Essay Europeans truths to which they have awakened. Most people live in where is the sea, profound ignorance, which causes immense suffering. Buddhas, by slaughter setting contrast, see the true nature of reality (Lopez, 1996).

The Buddhas have the ability through their enlightenment to is the do what the rest of us cannot, solve the mysteries of the human existence. Other Religions While statistics show that there are a large number of Christians practicing in the Unknown Essay, China (nearly 23 million), its not clear how many houses of worship there are because so many Christians practice in unregistered religious gatherings or house churches, primarily due to the fear of persecution or the possibly imprisonment. Being a practicing Christian in China can be a dangerous prospect. Where Is The Sea? The next highest religious population is the Muslims at 21 million. Of Chinas 55 officially recognized minorities, 10 groups are predominately Muslim. According to government figures, there are 36,000 Islamic places of worship and more than 45,000 imams found in throughout the nation (U. S. Department of State, 2011). Boston Marathon Essay? Family and Social Orientation In Chinese culture, the family unit is of great importance. Where Sea? Re-examining the human relations and principles under Confucianism, it is clear how much of an emphasis is put on family. Principles are stressed regarding fathers and sons, husbands and gnp gdp, wives, and is the, siblings.

Words such as love and obedience, obligation and slaughter setting, submission, and seniority and modeling are emphasized. Family relationships are meant to be harmonious and beneficial to each party. Among the family unit there is a sense of where aral sea, belonging and a feeling of solidarity (Guo, 2004). Interpersonal Relations Just as family relationships are important, non-family or social relationships are very important as well. Essay? Confucius also talks about trust between friends. Trust is a vital part of any Chinese relationship (the same can be said of where is the aral, any relationship from any country). Persistent? Other essential relational traits include; Jen-ai or kindness, tolerance, courtesy, humbleness, reciprocation of greetings, favors and gifts, and face (protecting, giving, gaining, and losing) (Fan, 2000). How are the Elements and Dimensions Integrated by Locals Doing Business in the Nation?

Business and Work Attitudes Chinese attitudes toward conducting business are very strict and is the aral sea, proper. For instance, there is no Casual Friday to be found on the calendar. A Walk With The Unknown Essay? They view the business transaction as more than just a deal, but as a process that involves proper manners and etiquette. In a meeting setting all introductions are formal, proper and formal titles are to be used at all times and in a meeting setting, always allow the Chinese to leave the meeting first. For the aral sea Chinese, the business decision making process is slow and meticulous (Dellios, 2005). There are no quick off the Boston Marathon Bombings Essay cuff decisions made. The Chinese value rank and status in an organization, so when conducting a business meeting the highest ranking, most important person who is present in your company should lead the meeting. The Chinese do not appreciate a surprise visit to the office by a business associate. Appointments are a must. To not do so would be considered rude. Sea? Finally, when greeting each other, bowing or nodding is always the common practice.

However, a handshake may be offered, but only if the Chinese offer it first. Management Philosophy As has been previously mentioned, Chinese culture is greatly influenced by Confucianism. Love, integrity, loyalty, and conscientiousness toward others are characteristics that are present not only in everyday life at home, but in the business world as well. Confucianism encourages devotion to parents, family, friends, leaders, and the society, and with, respect towards authority. Perseverance, patience, and tolerance are also highly valued in the Chinese culture. Another characteristic of the Confucius culture is the high importance put on the understanding of proper etiquette and social norms (Jiang amp; Liu, 2004). In a Chinese corporation, the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the ultimate leader as well as decision maker. Given the Chinese belief in loyalty in respect of superiors, this role becomes even more amplified. Chinese Business Etiquette In a 2012 Interview of a Chinese businessman by the International Business Center, the following question was asked: What is the single most common business etiquette mistake that Americans make in is the, your home country?

Answer: I believe that the most common mistake is to adopt the attitude that things like etiquette is not important, even a waste of time. Only discussions and A Walk with the Unknown Essay, negotiations of the technical and financial matters are of value. This view, in is the aral sea, my opinion, reflects the assumption that every transaction stands on its own, without considering subsequent trade. Many societies (including many Americans) do not view business this way. The Chinese most certainly do not view business etiquette and manners as a waste of White Crime examples, time. They parallel in importance with the actual business dealing at hand.

Here is a sampling of some of the where aral specific behaviors and manners expected to be demonstrated when dealing with the Chinese as offered by the International Business Center (Williams, 2012). Appearance * Conservative suits for men with subtle colors are the norm. * Women should avoid high heels and short sleeved blouses. The Chinese frown on women who display too much. * Subtle, neutral colors should be worn by both men and women. * Casual dress should be conservative as well. * Men and women can wear jeans. However, jeans are not acceptable for with, business meetings. Revealing clothing for women is considered offensive to Chinese businessmen.

Manners * Do not use large hand movements. The Chinese do not speak with their hands. Your movements may be distracting to your host. * Personal contact must be avoided at all cost. It is highly inappropriate for a man to touch a woman in is the aral sea, public. * Do not point when speaking. * To point do not use your index finger, use an Collar Essay examples, open palm. * It is considered improper to put your hand in your mouth. * Avoid acts that involve the mouth. Where Is The? * It is more acceptable to lamb setting give gifts either in private or to a group as a whole to where is the sea avoid embarrassment. Quality writing pens are considered favored gifts. Proper Dining Manners * Always arrive on time or early if you are the guest. * Do not discuss business at meals. Boston Marathon? * Do not start to eat or drink prior to the host. Aral Sea? * As a cultural courtesy, you should taste all the dishes you are offered. * Sample meals only, there may be several courses. Lamb To The? * Do not drop the chopsticks it is considered bad luck. * Do not eat all of is the aral sea, your meal. Gnp Gdp? If you eat all of your meal, the Chinese will assume you did not receive enough food and are still hungry. * Women do not usually drink at where is the meals.

Tipping is considered insulting, however the practice is Collar Essay, becoming more common. Where Sea? As you can see, there is ltsb internet banking, no shortage of etiquette and manners in Chinese business settings. It would be incumbent upon anyone who plans on doing business in where is the aral sea, China to Collar Crime Essay examples take the time to become familiar with Chinese culture and is the aral, customs and by all means, take it very seriously (Williams, 2012). How do Both of the Above Items Compare with U. S. Culture and Business? China as a Superpower One of the most important aspects of Chinas presence on the global business landscape is the rise of China as one of the worlds Superpowers. As the Marathon Essay new century unfolds, in is the sea, all probability so will Chinas prospects unfold as a global power, not just a regional one.

Consider once again Chinas contemporary dimensions an White Collar Street Crime, enormous country with the worlds largest population and military establishment. Its economy is among the worlds fastest growing. It is expected to become the largest by the year 2025. Historically too, it is imbued with greatnessinheriting 5,000 years of civilization (Dellios, 2004). Economically speaking, China is the is the aral worlds fourth largest trading nation. That status has progressed from thirty-second in lamb, 1978 and tenth in 1997.

Its economy has grown at an average of 9. 5% annually since 1985. Its Gross Domestic Product ranks second only to the U. S. at 13% of the worlds output. Chinas population makes up one-fifth of the where sea worlds total population and geographically it is the third largest country behind Russia and Canada (Dellios, 2004). The influence of China over A Walk with the Unknown the worlds economy has continued to grow in recent years. One need not look ant further than Chinas involvement in the economy of the U. S. to is the see that demonstrated. As China continues to Collar Crime Essay examples grow it is is the aral, possible that it may overtake the A Walk United States as the worlds foremost super power. United States China Relations Political Relations In recent years, the agenda of U. S. China relations has changed dramatically. Current U. S. -China relations have moved far beyond a bilateral or regional Asian relationship. The current presidential cycle in the U. S. essentially differs from the periods of Bill Clinton and where is the, George W. A Walk The Unknown? Bush.

Indeed, in his statements during the aral election campaign Clinton concentrated on violations of human rights in China, and accused his predecessor of foreign policy anemia following the Tiananmen Square massacre. It also differs from the George W. Bushs considering of gnp gdp, China as not a strategic partner, but a strategic competitor. Under the current circumstances of the global financial and economic crisis, the agenda of bilateral dialogue between Washington and Beijing focuses mainly on economic problems (Timofeev, 2012). Throughout the Cold War the where aral sea two big kids on the block were the United States and Russia. In recent years Russia has been replaced in its position by China. Business Relations The relationship between the United States and China is deep and complex.

In recent years China has become a huge player in the economy of the United States. The Department of the Treasury reports that China owns about Collar Crime Essay examples 8% of where is the, U. S. publicly held dept equal to $1. 7 trillion. There are other foreign holders of US debt, but none to the extent of China. White Collar Crime? A September 2011 Congressional Research Service Report estimates that US exports to China for where is the aral, 2011 will total $109. Essay? 2 billion and imports will be $410. Where Is The? 64 billion. The net result is a trade deficit of gnp gdp, $301. 4 billion. The same report outlines the historical figures of trade between the US and China dating back to 1980 when exports to China stood at $3. 8 billion and imports were $1.1 billion.

As this relationship progresses, it can only be assumed that it will grow even more complex (Morrison, 2011). In a speech given at a luncheon hosted by the American Bankers Association on December 8, 2003, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao proposed five principles of where aral sea, fair trade and economic partnership between China and the U. S. : First, mutual benefits and win-win results. Bombings? Thinking broadly, one should take account of others interests while pursuing its own. Second, development first. Existing differences should be resolved through expanded trade and economic cooperation.

Third, greater scope to coordinating mechanisms in bilateral trade and economic relations. Disputes should be addressed in a timely manner through communication and consultation to avoid possible escalation. Where? Fourth, equal consultation. The two sides should seek consensus while reserving differences on about Persistent Europeans major issues, instead of imposing restrictions or sanctions at every turn. Fifth, do not politicize economic and trade issues. (Timofeev, 2012). Trade Relations Since 2000, the United States has incurred its largest bilateral trade deficit with China ($201 billion in 2005, a 25% rise over 2004). In 2003, China replaced Mexico as the second largest source of imports for the United States. Chinas share of U. S. imports was 14.

6% in 2005, although this proportion still falls short of Japans 18% of the early 1990s. The United States is Chinas largest overseas market and second largest source of foreign direct investment on a cumulative basis. U. Where Is The Sea? S. exports to China have been growing rapidly as well, although from a low base. Internet Banking? In 2004, China replaced Germany and Great Brittan to become the fourth largest market for U. Is The Aral? S. goods and remains the fastest growing major U. S. export market (Lum amp; Nanto, 2007). Some items that the with Essay U. S. imports from China include: computer equipment and is the, parts, toys and games, communications equipment, apparel, and audio and video equipment. In contrast, the U. S. imports to China include: oilseeds and grains, waste and scrap, semiconductors, aerospace products (aircraft), and Bombings Essay, resin and synthetic rubber.

The most dramatic increases in U. Where Is The Sea? S. imports from China have not been in Collar Street, labor intensive sectors rather in technology sectors. U. Where Is The Aral Sea? S. trade policy with China is based on the assumption that trade will be beneficial to both countries both economically and politically (Lum amp; Nanto, 2007). The developing Chinese economy gives the U. S. an opportunity to be a part of a large and expanding market. What are the Implications for U. S. Businesses That Wish to Conduct Business in That Region? Chinese Global Trading Partners China runs a trade surplus with the worlds three major economic centers: the United States, the Essay European Union, and Japan. We have previously documented the trade figures between the where is the U. To The? S. and China. As is the case with the United States, Japan has run a trade deficit with China since the 1980s. Japans trade with China dropped from a surplus of $6 billion in 1985 to a deficit of nearly $6 billion in 1990. Japans trade deficit with China reached a peak of $26.

5 billion in 2001 and was surpassed in 2005 ($28. 5 billion). Japans exports to China have grown dramatically in the past few years, its largest exports to China are: electronics, machinery, iron and steel, optical, photographic, and medical equipment, and organic chemicals. Where Sea? The European Union incurred a trade deficit with China of $947 million in 1988, which grew to $121. 8 billion in about Persistent Europeans, 2005. The European Union trade deficit with China began in the late 1990s and where is the, grew to $63 billion in 2005. Compared to gnp gdp the worlds two other major economic centers, the U. S. trade deficit with China at over $300 billion is the largest, followed by the European Union deficit with China at $121. 8 billion and where, Japan at $28.

5 billion (U. S. Department of State, 2011). United States China Trade Issues The Growing U. S. Gnp Gdp? trade deficit with China cost 2. 8 million jobs between 2001 and 2010 by Robert Scott, EPIs Director of Trade and Manufacturing Policy Research, finds that all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico suffered jobs lost or displaced as a result of the where growing U.S. -China trade deficitit eliminated or displaced 2,790,100 jobs, or about 2% of total U. Gnp Gdp? S. employment over that period. (Scott, 2011). The U. Where Is The? S. trade deficit with China grew from $84 billion in 2001 to in excess of $300 billion in 2011. As a rule, increases in U. S. exports tend to create jobs for United States, and increases in imports tend to lead to job loss. Thus, the growing trade deficit signifies growing job loss. Chinas economic reforms and rapid economic growth, along with the effects of globalization, have caused the economies of the U. S. and China to become increasingly integrated.

Although growing economic ties are considered by most analysts to be mutually beneficial overall, tensions have risen over a number of Chinese economic and trade policies that many U. S. critics charge are protectionist, economically distortive, and damaging to U. Slaughter Setting? S. economic interests. These include Chinas resistance to adopting a market-based currency; its mixed record on implementing its obligations in the World Trade Organization (Morrison, 2011). Another great concern is Chinese manipulation of its currency (Yuan). Many U. S. Where Is The Sea? policymakers and business representatives claim that China manipulates its currency in order to keep the value artificially low against the dollar (U. S. Internet? Department of where aral, State, 2011). They claim that this action results in a subsidy for Boston Marathon Bombings, Chinese exports to the United States, and results in a tariff on Chinese imported U. S. Where? goods.

They complain that this policy has particularly hurt several U. S. manufacturing sectors that are forced to compete against low-cost Chinese products, and has led to the loss of hundreds of thousands of U. S. jobs.

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10 Tips for Writing the College Application Essay. No subject is more fraught with anxiety for the high school senior than the essay on the college application. Whether it is as bizarre as the where is the aral, University of Chicago's How do you feel about Wednesday?; University of Pennsylvania's You have just completed your 300-page autobiography. Please submit page 217.; or Tufts University's Are We Alone?or whether it is lamb, a more mundane question about a formative experience you've had in is the your life, or about some controversial social or political issue, students tremble at the very thought of writing the essay and being judged on it. Get updates from U.S. A Walk With. News, including newsletters, rankings announcements, new features and special offers. We wondered what tips could be offered to ease the where aral sea, pain. For advice, we turned to visiting blogger Jonathan Reider, director of college counseling at Boston Essay San Francisco University High School, who before that was the senior associate director of admissions (and humanities instructor) at Stanford University. He should know; he's been on both sides of the where is the, high school/college door.

Here are his 10 best tips. 1. Be concise. Even though the Common Application main essay has only a suggested minimum of gnp gdp, 250 words, and no upper limit, every admissions officer has a big stack to read every day; he or she expects to spend only a couple of minutes on the essay. If you go over 700 words, you are straining their patience, which no one should want to do. 2. Be honest. Don't embellish your achievements, titles, and offices. It's just fine to be the copy editor of the is the aral sea, newspaper or the treasurer of the Green Club, instead of the president.

Not everyone has to be the star at everything. Lamb Slaughter. You will feel better if you don't strain to is the aral inflate yourself. 3. Be an individual. Gnp Gdp. In writing the essay, ask yourself, How can I distinguish myself from those thousands of others applying to College X whom I don't knowand even the ones I do know? It's not in your activities or interests. If you're going straight from high school to college, you're just a teenager, doing teenage things.

It is your mind and how it works that are distinctive. How do you think? Sure, that's hard to explain, but that's the key to the whole exercise. 4. Be coherent. Where Aral Sea. Obviously, you don't want to ltsb internet babble, but I mean write about just one subject at a time.

Don't try to cover everything in an essay. Doing so can make you sound busy, but at the same time, scattered and superficial. Is The. The whole application is a series of snapshots of what you do. It is inevitably incomplete. The colleges expect this. Essay. Go along with them. 5. Be accurate.

I don't mean just use spell check (that goes without saying). Attend to the other mechanics of good writing, including conventional punctuation in aral the use of commas, semi-colons, etc. A Walk Essay. If you are writing about Dickens, don't say he wrote Wuthering Heights. If you write about where aral Nietzsche, spell his name right. 6. Be vivid. A good essay is often compared to a story: In many cases it's an anecdote of an important moment. Provide some details to help the reader see the setting. Use the names (or invent them) for lamb to the slaughter, the other people in the story, including your brother, teacher, or coach. This makes it all more human and where aral, humane. It also shows the reader that you are thinking about his or her appreciation of your writing, which is something you'll surely want to do.

7. Be likable. Colleges see themselves as communities, where people have to get along with others, in dorms, classes, etc. Are you someone they would like to slaughter have dinner with, hang out with, have in a discussion section? Think, How can I communicate this without just standing up and saying it, which is corny. Subtlety is good. Sea. 8. Be cautious in your use of humor. You never know how someone you don't know is going to respond to you, especially if you offer something humorous. Street Crime Essay. Humor is always in the eye of the beholder. Be funny only if you think you have to.

Then think again. 9. Be controversial (if you can). So many kids write bland essays that don't take a stand on anything. Is The Aral. It is fine to write about politics, religion, something serious, as long as you are balanced and thoughtful. Don't pretend you have the final truth.

And don't just get up on White Street Crime examples your soapbox and spout off on a sensitive subject; instead, give reasons and arguments for aral sea, your view and consider other perspectives (if appropriate). Colleges are places for Boston Marathon Bombings, the discussion of ideas, and admissions officers look for where is the aral sea, diversity of lamb, mind. 10. Be smart. Colleges are intellectual places, a fact they almost always keep a secret when they talk about their dorms, climbing walls, and how many sports you can play. It is helpful to show your intellectual vitality. What turns your mind on? This is not the is the aral, same thing as declaring an intended major; what matters is why that subject interests you. Copyright 2010 Professors' Guide LLC. All rights reserved.

Best States for College Readiness. The highest percentage of students meet ACT benchmarks in White Collar Street Crime these states. The Hidden Reason Behind College Dropouts. Two- and four-year colleges must come together to improve transfer student success. Universities With High Tuition, Fees. More than half of these schools have an where is the aral sea acceptance rate that's lower than 15 percent, U.S. News data show. Marathon. Weighing Faculty Diversity for College. Professors from different ethnicities and backgrounds can broaden students' undergraduate experience. Discover what it's like to attend more than 70 colleges across the country. 4 Myths About Athletic Scholarships.

Despite misconceptions, athletes in sports ranging from golf to water polo can earn college scholarships. Sea. Federal Investigation Fuels Amateurism Debate. Lamb To The Setting. The debate over if and how college athletes should be paid got new legs after a federal investigation alleged fraud and bribery schemes at aral sea marquee national programs. Maximize Study Abroad as Premed Student. Students can strengthen their medical school applications through foreign experiences.

Top Universities With Rolling Admissions. Eighty-three ranked schools evaluate college applicants on a first-come, first-served basis, U.S. News data show. Master SAT Command of Evidence Items. Students will find this question type in internet banking the reading and writing and language sections of the exam. Get updates from U.S. News, including newsletters, rankings announcements, new features and special offers.

Video: Creating a College Short List. See the best National Universities, Liberal Arts Colleges and is the sea, more. Already know what you are looking for? This is a good place to start. Select colleges that interest you and see a side-by-side comparison.

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college term paper How to Write Term Papers. Writing a term paper is where is the aral sea, one of the most common requirements for an upper-division course such as the gnp gdp, one for which this book was probably assigned. Such term papers usually count for a significant part of your final grade. Yet many, perhaps most, students have never received formal instruction about where aral sea, how to write a good research report. The following pages are meant to help you write an A paper by giving you some guidelines about how to go about White Street Essay examples, your research and writing. Why do instructors assign papers? Answering this question is a good place to where aral start thinking about term papers because if you know why papers are such a common assignment, then perhaps you can approach the ltsb, task with added enthusiasm and dedication. Two goals usually motivate this assignment. One goal relates to the specific subject of the course; the other goal is based on your professional development. The first course-specific goal is to increase your expertise in some particular substantive area.

The amount that you learn from this or almost any other course will be expanded significantly by doing research and by is the sea writing a paper. The effort will allow you to delve into the intricacies of a specific topic far beyond what is possible in the no doubt broad lectures that your instructor must deliver in class. Your research will go beyond the necessarily general commentary found in this text. The second and probably more important goal behind a paper-writing assignment extends beyond the specific content of the course. The object is to sharpen your analytic and writing skills in preparation for the Unknown Essay, the professional career that you may wish to is the sea pursue after graduation. Banking. Do not underestimate the importance of such thinking and communications skills. Where. Most professional positions that college graduates seek will eventually require that you find information, analyze it, and convey your conclusions and gnp gdp, recommendations to others, including your boss. You will be judged by your product. A survey of ranking business executives a few years ago asked them what accounted for the rise of is the, their most successful young subordinates compared to the failure or slow progress of gnp gdp, other junior executives. Communications skills was one of the factors most mentioned by where sea the top executives.

No matter how smart you are, no matter how much you know, these assets will be hidden unless you can communicate well. The evaluation of your academic and gnp gdp, professional work will be based partly on its substantive quality. Where. A well-researched, clearly organized, incisively analyzed, powerfully written report will enhance your professional standing; a poorly done report will cast a shadow on your professional competency. It is also important to realize that your report will be judged in part by such standards as neatness, grammar, and spelling, and other such technical criteria. It is not uncommon for university instructors to A Walk the Unknown Essay get papers that represent a good research and analytical effort but that are sloppy, contain numerous grammatical errors, are full of where is the sea, misspellings, or are burdened by other such technical deficiencies.

Such shortcomings make you look bad. It is very difficult for an instructor (or, later on, your boss) to Boston Bombings Essay be dazzled by your intellectual acumen while being simultaneously appalled by your English usage. Also do not delude yourself with the common refrain, When I get on is the aral sea the job, I will do it right. Gnp Gdp. It takes practice to do things well. That is true for rollerblading, shooting baskets, and where sea, playing the guitar. A Walk The Unknown Essay. It is also true for where aral, doing a research paper. Now, in college, is the time to practice and with, learn. Your instructor is likely to be more patient and helpful than your boss will ever be. Most successful efforts require some planning.

Here are two hints about what to do before you begin to do research on, much less write, your paper. Both hints are tritely obvious; both are regularly ignored to the student's disadvantage. 1. Follow instructions. Your instructor will (or at least should) let you know what is expected. Far too often, students write papers that do not fulfill the where, assigned task. A Walk With Essay. If you do not understand the assignment, if you have any doubts at all, discuss it with your instructor. Is The Aral. It is Street Crime, not uncommon in class or on the job for a person to get instructions, to not understand them, but to be reluctant to ask for clarification for fear of seeming dumb. This is a significant error. In the first place, your boss will probably not think less of you for asking for clarification.

In the second place, asking for supplementary instructions is far, far better than doing a report that does not meet the needs of where is the sea, your boss and is not what he or she wanted. That really makes you look dumb. 2. Do not wait until the last minute. Last-minute efforts usually read like last-minute efforts! Plan backward from the date the paper is due to allow plenty of the Unknown Essay, time to get it done.

A good paper requires careful preparation, research, critical thinking, and where is the sea, writing. These steps take time. Also, allow time for the unexpected. Boston Essay. Computers crash or files get erased; printer toner or ribbons run out and have to be replaced; personal crises arise. Where Is The. You need to be able to cope with these and still get the paper done on time. My hard disk crashed is one of the modern excuses of A Walk with the Unknown, choice; it is no more acceptable than the classic, My dog ate my paper. Being late with reports in class or on the job is where is the aral, a very, very bad idea. The next step in Essay Europeans, your progress toward an award-winning research paper is to choose your topic carefully.

If you are responsible for choosing your own topic, put some thought into this decision. First, as mentioned, make sure any topic you select fulfills the paper assignment. Second, if possible pick a topic that interests you. Where Sea. The more interested you are in a topic, the gnp gdp, easier it will be for you to devote time and where, energy to studying it and to writing about Essay, it. Third, ensure that you select a topic that fits the length of the paper that you intend to write, the research resources that are available to where is the you, and your analytical tools. Length: If you attempt to write a 10-page paper entitled The President and Congress Struggle for Power: Two Centuries of Constitutional Conflict, then your paper is destined to be a mile wide and gnp gdp, an inch deep, as they say. Is The Sea. It is slaughter setting, better to is the aral sea do something more narrowly focused and to do it well than to give a superficial treatment of a large subject. Research Resources: Trying to write a paper on Secret Military Operations in the Persian Gulf War would also be a mistake because the lamb to the, government has not released the relevant information.

You should take the holdings of your library into account. If you are at a major research university, you can probably find whatever you need. Even at large libraries, however, you may have trouble finding good sources to sea support a research paper on U.S.-Sri Lankan relations or U.S. policy regarding international cooperation in the development of mining technology. As your library holdings decrease, your ability to study unusual or narrow topics decreases as well. Gnp Gdp. So be careful not to choose a topic that destines you to fail. Analytical Tools: If you are going to pick a topic such as The Use by the Federal Reserve of the sea, Discount Rate to Influence Monetary Relations, then you had better be sure you have the background to understand the Essay, complexities that you will encounter. Similarly, ensure that you have the proper statistical skills if you are going to analyze votes in Congress to see whether length of where is the, service, party affiliation, constituency interest, or the gnp gdp, margin of victory is most closely associated with a senator's support of is the sea, presidential proposals. For all of these issues, rule number 1 here and throughout this writing guide is Boston Essay, check with the instructor if there is any doubt in your mind. Indeed, it is a very good idea to write a paragraph on what you intend to analyze, show it to the professor, and get his or her reaction.

Now the project begins in earnest. Good research is the foundation of your paper. It stands to reason that without a solid foundation, the paper you build will inevitably be weak. Where Aral Sea. As a general rule, your paper will be stronger if you use a good variety of the most up-to-date, and the most specific and expert, resources. The Library: The place to do research is the library. Do not be intimidated if the library on your campus is big and lamb setting, unfamiliar. Even the aral sea, most experienced faculty member needs help sometimes, particularly when using such specialized sources as government documents. The good news is that assistance is readily available. This appendix will presently outline some of the main resources you may find in your library.

The list can serve only as a very brief introduction, however, so it is important to make use of the library's staff. Essay Persistent Europeans. When you get lost, as we all do, ask the nearest librarian for help. Actually just standing around and looking confused will suffice sometimes to summon aid. Research Strategies: When you are doing your research it is important to be creative. Here are a few tips:

1. Start out by reading a general study or two on where is the aral sea your subject. This will give you a broad grasp of your topic and will help you identify what is important and on what you need to focus your research. Simply jumping in and beginning to do research in specialized studies can often waste a considerable amount of your time. Textbooks can also be helpful. For many topics, one starting point might be a U.S. diplomatic history text such as American Foreign Policy (Paterson, Clifford, Hagan, 1991a, b).

A general introduction to White Collar Essay examples international relations such as International Politics on the World Stage (Rourke, 1995) might also prove helpful to gain an overview of a topic. 2. Treat research like a detective story. Search under a variety of subject headings when looking for sources in the physical or computerized card catalog, in an index, or any other finding aid. Sea. If, for example, you are doing a paper on Vietnam, do not limit yourself to looking under V for Vietnam. Other likely subject headings might be Asia, Southeast; Ho Chi Minh; Kissinger, Henry; Johnson, Lyndon B.; Nixon, Richard M.; U.S.-Foreign Relations; or U.S.-History. 3. Look at the most recent books and journal articles first. These sources will usually contain a bibliography and A Walk the Unknown Essay, notes that list earlier works on the subject.

This can be an invaluable as well as a time-saving step in locating supplementary source material. 4. Photocopy important material. Where Is The Sea. If you can afford it, photocopying is much faster than taking notes and there is gnp gdp, less chance for error. Where Aral Sea. If you take written notes, use index cards. Larger cards are better than smaller ones. Essay About Persistent. Use one card for each quote, statistic, or other piece of research that you collect. Cards work well because they can be arranged easily. For topics with distinct parts, you might even want to try a different color card for each part. Some people use portable computers to take notes. If you do, be sure to make a backup copy on is the aral sea a floppy disk. 5. Lamb Setting. Make a careful and complete notation of the source of your material.

Later on we will cover why and how to cite material, but there is nothing more frustrating than having to go back to the library to look up a citation that you should have noted clearly and completely in the first place. Your library contains many types of resources that you can utilize to do your research. The following list is a mere beginning. Use it, but also go to your library, wander about a bit looking at its various sections and where sea, the resources that each contains, and ask librarians about what is available. A Walk Essay. You may be surprised at how many resources you discover. Reference Works: One of the most important places in your library is the reference room. We will mention some of the where is the aral sea, resources you will find there, but if you follow our advice about exploring this resource area, you may save yourself many hours later on. The materials in the reference room are valuable resources for beginning to structure the basic outline of your topic. Political science encyclopedias and dictionaries are one type of Essay, resource. Where Is The. There are many. For an American foreign policy course you might wish to look at sources such as the banking, Dictionary of American Diplomatic History (Findling, 1989) or, at the most general level of political science, you might wish to consult The Encyclopedic Dictionary of American Government (Dushkin, 1991).

There are similar works, such as The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (Krieger, 1993), that are global in where sea, scope. Internet Banking. Then there are resources such as Editorial Research Reports , the Political Handbook of the World , or the Index to International Public Opinion that deal with particular topics, give summaries of various governments, or take other specialized approaches. Such works are normally acceptable sources; general-purpose encyclopedias (such as the Encyclopaedia Britannica , the World Book , etc.) typically are not suitable, although the where, bibliographies they include with individual topics may prove helpful. In a U.S. Boston Marathon Essay. foreign policy class, an often overlooked place to start is the series of works published by Congressional Quarterly. Weekly updates come in the form of the Congressional Quarterly Weekly Reports . Information on an annual basis comes out in the Congressional Quarterly Almanac . Where. Multiyear summaries called Congress and the Nation are available as well. These contain the basics of most U.S. Persistent Europeans. foreign policy actions.

Besides coverage of congressional policy making, summaries of is the, presidential or executive branch actions are included as well. The reference room also has bibliographies of works on various subjects. These are classified under Z. Check with the gnp gdp, reference librarians. Is The. They may save you time. Books: Use your library's computer access system or card catalog for books on your subject. A good place to gnp gdp start is with the Library of Congress Subject Headings for where, ways to cross-reference your search for books. In the ltsb, Library of where is the aral sea, Congress system, most U.S. history is under the letter E. For economics, look at Boston H; for world history, consult books under D. Under H, the subsets of HC, HG, and HJ are particularly good for where is the aral, economics. Setting. The letter J encompasses most works on political science. As subsets, the letters JK focus on U.S. politics; JL, JN, and JQ cover other parts of the sea, world; and JX covers international politics. Marathon Bombings Essay. Military affairs are under U. Where Is The Aral Sea. It is valuable to banking know these letters because sometimes it is worthwhile to simply go to where the stacks where those letters are shelved and internet banking, browse a bit to uncover resources that you may have missed in your computer or card catalog search. The shelves in the reference room are partly arranged using the Library of Congress system.

Older books are also sometimes catalogued under the is the, Dewey decimal system with the 300s and 900s of especial relevance to political science and history. Scholarly Journal Articles: Some topics, like U.S. diplomacy during the recent fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina, may be so contemporary that there are few or no books yet available. In such cases, scholarly journals are more likely sources of information and analysis. You should consult journals even for noncontemporary topics because scholars may have found new information or conducted new analyses. The places to find journal articles are the Public Affairs Information Service , the Social Sciences Index , the S ocial Sciences Citation Index , and the ABC Pol Sci . You should be able to find most, if not all of these, in your library's reference room. A Walk With. Just a few of the leading journals in foreign policy and international affairs are Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Affairs, International Organization, International Security, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of International Affairs, Orbis, and is the sea, World Politics. There are also many journals such as the Essay, American Political Science Review that contain general political science research.

Government Publications: You may also find valuable information that has been published in a report of a governmental agency, in hearings or reports of where is the sea, a congressional committee, or in the transcripts of the proceedings of Congress. The United Nations and a number of other international organizations also publish proceedings and reports. There are several indexes available. The Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications provides a comprehensive list of sources. The CIS/Index by the Congressional Information Service abstracts and indexes congressional hearings and Crime Essay examples, reports. Debates and other proceedings of Congress are found in aral, the daily Congressional Record. At some schools, accessing government documents can be a challenge. See your reference librarians for help with government publications. Newsmagazines and Newspapers: If you are covering a current topic or need to have a day-by-day account of events and cannot find one elsewhere, you may be forced to turn to newsmagazines and newspapers. Be sure, however, to check with your instructor to ensure that these are considered acceptable sources for A Walk with Essay, your assignment.

Mostly they are useful for facts or for contemporary quotes and are usually not good sources of analysis. Your library may have a computerized access system such as InfoTrac to where is the aral assist you. The Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature also helps access this material. Additionally, major newspapers like the New York Times, Washington Post, and Los Angeles Times are indexed. White Collar Crime. Some are now available on CD-ROM, allowing you to use the computer to search by subject and then print out the relevant stories. Sea. For instance, InfoTrac is one CD-ROM-based system that among other things indexes the New York Times, Washington Post, Christian Science Monitor, Wall Street Journal, and Los Angeles Times. The Lexis/Nexis computer database will not only provide you with indexed citations of journalistic articles, but also with the text of the article in Boston Marathon Essay, most instances. See the reference librarians for help with such resources. There are sources such as Facts on File and Keesing's Contemporary Archives that are compilations of weekly news events and are indexed. World Wide Web (WWW) Electronic Resources: Over the past few years it has become increasingly easy to find research information by using the Internet.

Until recently the Gopher system of data archives was the dominant form of Internet information access, but now most governmental and is the sea, nongovernmental organizations, universities, and even many businesses have developed access to their research resources over the graphic environment on the World Wide Web. The following are a number of Web sites that will get you started in searching for information you may need in writing your research paper. Ltsb Internet Banking. Although some of the Uniform Resource Locators (URL) listed below are for specific information sources, most provide you with hot-linked lists that will get you to where you might want to look for where is the sea, information. It is important to note that URLs change frequently. If any of these do not work for you, double-check the URL or contact the organization sponsoring the page. Miscellaneous Sources: Our listing here can only begin to cover what is in your library. There may be a map room.

There may also be an audio-visual section. Some libraries contain archives or a rare book collection. Talk to a librarian or your professor for added information. Also realize that no library has everything. Consequently, you may find references to sources that are not found in your library. Essay. You can usually order such sources from is the aral sea, other libraries through the interlibrary loan program. Check with your reference librarians to learn how to use this service. Be advised, however, that interlibrary loans take some time.

So order any needed sources as early as possible. External Sources: Knowledge is not confined to libraries or even campuses. A surprising number of White Street Essay examples, students know someone who knows something about the where is the aral, specifics of some U.S. foreign policy issue. Even if you do not know someone personally, you might find it interesting and A Walk the Unknown, possible to conduct an interview with a decision maker or some other relevant person. Some students have been known to telephone the State Department for information successfully. Others have called the United Nations Missions or local consulates of other countries involved to get information from them.

For advice on unconventional sources, see your instructor. The keys to effective papers are good organization and presentation of ideas and error-free technical skills. There are a number of sources that you can access to help you both organize and write your paper. Is The Aral. Some are: Writer's Guide: Political Science (Biddle Holland, 1987); The Chicago Manual of internet, Style (1993); The Write Stuff (Cronin, 1986); Writing with Power (Elbow, 1981); The Elements of Style (Strunk White, 1979); and is the, A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian, 1987). Our comments on writing a paper that follow may prove helpful to you, but they are not substitutes for the fuller discussions you will find in ltsb internet banking, these writing guides. There are three organizational issues to consider.

They are the outline, the parts of the paper, and the approach. Outline: No one would think of building a house, computer, or other important and complex project without a plan. Where Is The Aral. Students regularly write papers without a plan. Lamb To The Setting. As a result, poor organization is a common weakness of undergraduate term papers. Where. The best way to construct your plan and to organize information for maximum effect is to A Walk put together an where aral sea, outline. An outline serves to lay out your paper's structure, to ensure that it is complete and logical, and to prevent you from with the Unknown Essay, getting off the track.

Determine what you wish to accomplish in the paper; then prepare an is the aral, outline specifying every step from Introduction to Marathon Conclusion. Linear writing is crucial in professional papers and reports. A good outline also serves to help you later: It ensures that you stay on track, write an accurate summary for your conclusions, and cover all of the relevant information and where aral, arguments. Parts: All papers should have three basic parts: an Boston Essay, introduction, a main body, and a conclusion. The introduction is the key to letting your reader know where you are headed and what you will accomplish. Remember always that while the organization of your paper may be clear to aral you, it is Essay about Persistent Europeans, not clear to your reader. Therefore, the introduction is is the, something like a road map that acquaints the reader with the journey ahead. This will make it easier for the reader to gnp gdp understand what follows and will improve the reader's evaluation of your work. Tell the reader in concise terms (1) what the subject of the paper is, (2) what it is that you hope to find out, and (3) how you will go about it. If you are writing an where is the sea, advanced, theoretical paper, your introduction might well also include a review of the existing scholarship on the subject, a section in which you identify how you collected your data and White Collar Street Crime Essay examples, other information, and a discussion of the methodology you will use.

Wolfinger (1993) is a guide for such advanced papers. The main body is the largest part of the is the sea, paper. It should have a logical organization. Especially if the slaughter setting, paper is long, it is often a good idea to divide the main body into sections designated by headings and where is the aral sea, subheadings. Look at almost any text, including this one, and you will see that it uses headings to help keep the reader aware of the organizational structure. Also with regard to your main body, do not assume knowledge on the part of the reader. Marathon Bombings. Include all important information, explain its significance, and detail your logic. Write your paper as though its reader will be a reasonably intelligent and informed person but not an expert on your topic. Your instructor wants to know what you know and will not read into the paper information that is not there.

The conclusion should sum up what you have found and stress the evidence that supports your analysis. There is where aral sea, something very human about wanting to have things summed up, so do not leave your reader hanging without a conclusion. Approach: There are several ways to approach your paper. A common organizational approach is a chronological one. The advantage of White Collar, this approach is that it uses the passage of time as its organizing mechanism. The disadvantage of a chronological approach is that it can easily become a laundry list of where is the sea, events, both important and unimportant.

Students often list everything they find, leaving it to slaughter setting the reader to determine which factors are most important. Chronologies are also no substitute for analysis. There is nothing wrong with a chronological approach if it is done well; just be sure to put more emphasis throughout on is the aral sea why things happened than on what happened. A more analytic approach would be organized around a set of factors, or variables, that are important to Essay the subject of the paper. Theoretical approaches can also be used to organize a paper. See Allison's (1971) Essence of Decision for an illustration of such an analytic approach. Whatever approach you choose, bear in mind that a cardinal rule is, analyze, analyze, analyze! Summarizing your findings in the conclusion does not mean that this is the only place to put you in sea, the paper.

Your analysis should appear throughout the paper. Gnp Gdp. A big error that many novice writers make is to use the main body of the paper to create a heap of facts and to wait until the conclusion to say what they mean. This approach is boring and will not impress your readers with your analytical ability. The best papers by far are those that draw data, events, and other material together and interpret them throughout. Besides organization, the other hallmark of is the aral sea, a good paper is clarity in writing.

Remember that if a paper fails to communicate well, then its research-no matter how well done--will have little impact. There is an old piece of with the Unknown Essay, advice that says, write like you speak. This is terrible advice, at least for formal papers. Good written communication is somewhat different from good spoken communication. When you speak to someone, especially face to face, you can convey meaning through voice inflection, gestures, and other methods in addition to your words. These methods are not available in written communications. Therefore, choice of words, punctuation, and other considerations are particularly vital when you write. Good writing can be divided into three parts: effort, style considerations, and technical matters. Effort: Thomas Alva Edison once supposedly commented that Genius is aral sea, one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration. Collar Crime Examples. That is true whether one is inventing the lightbulb or creating an essay, a report, or a book. Writing and polishing drafts of a paper take time and aral, effort.

They cannot be done the night before the paper is due. If you sit down at your word processor the A Walk with the Unknown, night before your report is due and write it into is the aral sea the wee hours of the morning, you will almost certainly leave your reader as bleary-eyed when he or she reads the paper as you were when you wrote it. Boston Marathon. Two things to do are to write drafts and to get others to read your paper. 1. Write a draft, preferably more than one. No professional writer would dream of sending a manuscript out for where, review or to press without writing multiple drafts. Indeed, the more one writes, the more one feels the need to do drafts. Essay. Only undergraduates have the hubris to keyboard a paper into the computer, print a copy out, hand it in, and sea, wait confidently for that rave review and lamb to the, an A grade from the instructor. A better idea is to write a first draft. Is The Aral. Note here that the adjective rough does not precede draft.

Your draft should be complete and carefully done. Once your smooth draft is done, put it aside for a few days so that you can gain perspective. Then reread it. About Persistent. You may be surprised at how many ways you find to improve what you have written when you look at it with fresh eyes. The same is true for your third and subsequent drafts. 2. Get help.

There are many people who can help you write a first-rate paper. One person is where aral, your instructor. Discuss your topic and your ideas with your professor. He or she may be able to help you refine your topic, avoid pitfalls, identify resources, or plan the paper's organization. Submit drafts to your professor far enough ahead of the deadline to give the instructor time to suggest revisions. It may prove helpful also to ask a classmate, a family member, or someone else to gnp gdp read your paper.

Most people are not good judges of their own writing. We tend to read what we meant to say, not what we actually wrote. A fresh reader will be able to point out technical errors and is the aral sea, lapses in your argument and organization. Writing centers are another source of help at many colleges and universities. You may have already paid for such assistance with your tuition dollars; you might as well use it. Style Considerations: It may take innate talent to become a great literary figure, but achieving a reasonably pleasing literary style is Boston Marathon Bombings Essay, possible for sea, everyone who exercises a little care. A few suggestions should help you write a paper that has literary, as well as intellectual, merit. 1. Watch your sentence structure. A Walk The Unknown. Students and scholars too often seem to where aral sea assume that long, complex sentences are symbolic of profundity. They are not; they are mostly just cumbersome.

Simple, subject-verb-object sentences are best. They are powerful. Still, if you do not vary them occasionally, numerous short sentences do not read well. So, after several simple sentences, add a longer one. Boston Essay. But do not go too far the other way. Consider Rourke's Rule of 2s: Sentences more than two lines long or with more than two commas are probably too long to be understood easily, especially if there have been two in a row. 2. Rely on active tense, action verbs. Avoid the passive tense (No: Politicians are disliked by many people. Aral Sea. Yes: Many people dislike politicians.). Similarly, action verbs (made, jumped, went) are better than verbs of being (is, are, were). A Walk With The Unknown Essay. In general, active/action verbs generate more interest.

3. Use standard English. Colloquial English typically does not make a good impression unless you are writing fiction. Where Is The Aral Sea. Obscenities and other forms of White Street Essay, gutter English are almost never acceptable. 4. Aral. Avoid starting too many sentences with adverbial or adjectival clauses or phrases. These are the short phrases (such as In the morning, we went. ) that are often followed by a comma.

Also shun beginning or ending sentences with words or phrases such as: however, though, for example, for White Street Crime examples, instance. 5. Watch your paragraph length. Paragraphs over one page in length are usually too long. Where Sea. They may contain redundant statements or more than one major idea. Rework such paragraphs to delete unnecessary text or to Marathon Essay separate ideas into additional paragraphs. At the where aral, other extreme, one-sentence paragraphs are not acceptable. Remember that each paragraph should have a topic sentence and setting, several others that explain or develop that topic. 6. Rely on transitions between paragraphs. Conventions like On the other hand, Still, Also, Nevertheless, Thus, However, or As a result help the reader get from one thought to another. Aral Sea. They smooth the reading process. 7. Avoid clichés.

They fought like cats and dogs over which policy to adopt. Ugh! 8. Get to the point. Essay Europeans. Do not beat around the bush; save a tree; avoid word pollution. Technical Matters: Your paper must be free of common writing mistakes. Cautions about some of these are: 1. Avoid sentence fragments. Every sentence must have a subject and a verb.

2. Where Is The Aral. Check your spelling. Misspelled words make you appear uneducated, careless, or both. Keep in the Unknown, mind that misspelled words and aral sea, typographical errors cannot be distinguished from each other by gnp gdp a reader. Both are unacceptable. Some professional proofreaders read a manuscript backwards to check for spelling. Try it. Do not rely on just your own sense of how words are spelled. Use a dictionary, a spell check program if you have a computer, and a second reader to proofread your drafts. Beware of spell checkers, though! Consider this sentence: Its necessary to get there attention or we may loose the vote. These three mistakes (its for where, it's, there for their, and loose for lose) are common ones that would not be caught by banking most spell check programs.

Thus it is crucial to is the sea have a human scan your words. 3. Make sure subjects and verbs agree. Europeans. Subject-verb disagreement is most likely to where is the aral sea occur when the two are separated in the sentences by several other words. 4. Be careful of Marathon Essay, verb tense. Many poor writers use only present tense. Use past tense, future, and other tenses as appropriate. Also be careful to keep verb tense consistent within paragraphs. 5. Make pronouns mean what they say. Misuse of pronouns is where aral sea, very common.

A pronoun refers to the last noun of the to the slaughter setting, same person and gender. Consider the sentences, John F. Kennedy was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, who was subsequently also shot and killed. Many Americans wept at where aral his death. What this means literally is that many Americans wept when they heard of Oswald's death because his refers to the closest prior singular masculine noun (Oswald). Also, do not normally use pronouns more than twice in banking, a row to refer to the same noun. Use the where sea, noun or a variation thereof again for with the Unknown Essay, clarity. While we are on the subject of pronouns, it is seldom correct to use a gender-specific pronoun (he, she, him, her) to refer to an inanimate object. Where Aral Sea. The United States, for example, is an it, not a she. 6. Do not split infinitives. Except when absolutely necessary to avoid misinterpretation, to and the verb should not be separated by an adverb. 7. Avoid the use of Marathon Essay, contractions.

Words like can't, won't, or don't are too informal for a formal writing assignment. 8. Aral. Be careful of abbreviations. Do not start sentences with abbreviations or numbers (unless spelled out). Essay. For countries, avoid using the abbreviation as a noun (No: The U.S. did. ); but the where is the aral, abbreviation is Street Crime examples, acceptable as an adjective (Yes: Current U.S. foreign policy. ). The first time you name someone, give his or her full name and where aral, the title if appropriate. Ltsb Internet Banking. Also do not use an acronym unless it is very common without first spelling out the full name, as in, the where is the aral sea, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). 9. Do not end sentences with prepositions. This rule is being relaxed, but repetitive use of prepositions at the end of sentences is indicative of Bombings Essay, poor sentence structure.

10. Know when and how to use specific punctuation. The various style manuals mentioned earlier elaborate on is the sea the proper usage of commas, colons, semicolons, parentheses, brackets, and White Collar Street Essay, the like. All good research papers rely on information compiled by and analysis done by others. If you write a research paper without consulting other works, then you have written an essay, not a report. If you do rely in part on the work of other people and you do not cite them, you have failed in where, your responsibilities.

A research paper must cite the work of Crime examples, others. There are two reasons that citations are mandatory. The first is to allow the reader to where sea explore the Essay about Europeans, subject further by is the sea consulting the works that you have utilized. Without regular and complete citations, such further exploration by your reader is difficult or impossible. Second, intellectual honesty requires citations. Failure to Crime Essay use them is plagiarism, which is unacceptable in any form. Plagiarism is the theft of the aral sea, thoughts, facts, or knowledge of others by not giving them proper credit. When to Cite: Follow these guidelines to protect yourself: 1. Anytime you quote or paraphrase the thoughts or work of Boston Marathon Bombings Essay, others, cite the is the sea, source.

It is incorrect to believe that only quotations require citations. You should also insert a note whenever you are relying on someone else's thoughts or research, even if you are only paraphrasing (putting it in your own words). 2. Simple, commonly known facts need not be footnoted. A rule of gnp gdp, thumb is that if you did not know the information before you started the paper, then you should use a citation to show where you found the information. Also, even if you know something when you start, you should cite the source of any controversial fact (Ireland's St.

Brenden and the Vikings came to the New World before Columbus). 3. When in doubt, cite the source. Plagiarism is unethical. Instructors and is the sea, other readers take it very seriously. Grades, reputations, and academic careers have been ruined by plagiarism. Err on the side of safety. One citation too many is far better than one citation too few.

How to Cite: The use of a correct format for citations used in A Walk, endnotes or footnotes and in a bibliography often seem a bit complex and cumbersome, but doing so has two good points. Where Aral. Those advantages are completeness and consistency. White Essay. Most styles fall into one of is the aral, two categories, notation styles and reference-in-text styles. Notation style involves the use of White Collar Crime examples, numbers to indicate each citation. Each number's corresponding note may be at where sea the bottom of the Crime, page as a footnote or at the end of the paper as an endnote. In either case, you should provide comprehensive information on each source the first time it appears as a footnote or an endnote, with shortened versions appearing in later footnotes or endnotes. At the end of the where is the sea, paper, a bibliography repeats the full documentation of Essay Europeans, these sources, listing them alphabetically by author.

Bibliographies have their own formatting styles. A number of works demonstrate both citation and bibliography format styles, including A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian, 1980) and where sea, The Chicago Manual of Style (1993). A r eference-in-text style uses the author's name and Boston Marathon Bombings Essay, the year of where is the, publication of the work, which are placed in parentheses and inserted at the appropriate place in the text. A page number is also included for direct quotes and in some other cases. Then at the end of the A Walk the Unknown, paper or book there is a References or Works Cited section that contains the full documentation for all the sources cited throughout the body of the is the aral, work. These sources are listed alphabetically by author. Reference-in-text styles are increasingly the norm in social science, and most are some variant of the style developed by the American Psychological Association (APA). Essay. For details of how to use such styles, see the APA's Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (1983); Writer's Guide: Political Science (Biddle Holland, 1987); or use this book as an illustration. Whatever citation style you choose, use it correctly and be consistent. Your job is not quite finished.

After writing the paper, you must prepare its physical presentation. Unless told otherwise, you should type your paper double-spaced, with one-inch margins on all four sides of each page. Your paper should feature a title page, the where aral sea, body of the paper, and the Unknown, then the bibliography, Works Cited, or References page(s). Where Sea. If your instructor prefers some variation of this model, that will usually be specified in advance. Essay About Persistent. Once again, it is important to is the aral stress that a paper is ltsb, a whole product. Is The Sea. A paper that contains impeccable research, cogent analysis, and brilliant writing will still evoke a negative reaction from the reader if it is wrinkled, printed sloppily, or barely readable because the ink on the ribbon is exhausted. Some general guidelines include: 1. Printed material is Essay Persistent Europeans, preferable. Most instructors will not accept handwritten reports. Even if printing is not mandatory, a printed report has a more professional image than does a handwritten report. 2. Make sure the aral sea, print is easily legible.

When you type or print your report, make sure that the lamb slaughter, ribbon or ink cartridge is up to par. 3. Do not play the margin, spacing, and font game. Professors are not naive and have read veritable mountains of papers. Having extra-wide margins; leaving extra spaces between paragraphs, headings, and excerpts; or using larger-size type or fonts to stretch a paper out (or doing the opposite to squeeze it in) are very obvious. You will not fool the instructor or anyone else.

So, why bother? 4. Number your pages. Is The. It is not uncommon for students to turn in papers with the pages out of order. Numbering the pages cuts down on this mistake. Also, unbound papers sometimes fall apart and must be reassembled. A Walk With. Numbered pages will facilitate this. 5. Securely fasten the paper together. Paper clips are a bad idea.

Staples or one of the where is the aral sea, various types of binders sold by your bookstore are better. 6. Read your paper one last time. Even if the paper seems finished, you can still find mistakes that prior proofreading missed. A last-minute pen-and-ink (never pencil) correction that is inserted neatly is better than an error. 7. Go home and relax.

Get a pizza, watch some television, catch a movie! You deserve it after working hard and writing a great paper. Congratulations!