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Laborer Resume Skills Section. As you can see, these all tend to be brief and to the point. Life Cycle! Yet, there is a right way and a wrong way to writing them. Don’t forget your cover letter. Browse through our library of Cover Letter Samples by Industry. Tips on Adding Additional Skills to Your Resume. In the above examples, there are a few similarities to the types of skills that the and juliet wedding scene, job seekers listed even though they are going after different positions. A hiring manager is interested in what relevant skills you have. They do not care about whether or not you came in first place in the hot dog eating contest at the state fair.
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Experienced graphic artist well versed with Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator Proficient with MS Word, Excel, and PowerPoint Charismatic and confident public speaker Bilingual – Fluent in English and French. Also, when possible list the group of skills that are more important to Product Cycle Essay the position that you’re applying for harvard referencing, first. You shouldn’t spend too much time debating on the ordering though as per Life the first tip, they all should be relevant anyway. Formatting: Additional Skills vs. A Website! Technical / Computer Skills. Most job seekers end up choosing a resume template that places their relevant skills closer to the bottom, but for Product Life Essay, some specific industries listing them at the top is very effective . Take a look at Essay The Answer the sample resume for an applicant searching for an IT job: Because an IT job requires an employee to have a base set of skills, the applicant starts off by listing his Technical Skills instead of adding them as Additional Skills towards the end. He also breaks them down by theme, such as what computer networking skills he has and what operating systems he is proficient with, bolding each main general category and Cycle, then listing each specific skill in its respective category. Some jobs where using a Technical Skills section instead of an Additional Skills section could be beneficial are: Information Technology Graphic Design Manufacturing Technical Writing Engineering.
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Nov 21, 2017 Product Life Cycle Essay,
Taking In Lodgers- ‘Rent-A-Room’ Scheme Guide For Landlords. Ever considered taking in a lodger? A lodger can be a great way of generating income; many thousands of homeowners earn extra income in this way. Interested? Let’s take a look at the details…
The positives of taking in a lodger. most obviously, it’s a great way of earning extra cash, which can ultimately help you pay your mortgage and Product Cycle, support other financial expenditures you may have The Inland Revenue allow you to earn up to animal ?7,500 per year tax-free through the Life Cycle Essay, rent-a-room scheme. To be valid for the scheme (tax-free policy), you need to stick to animal essay questions a few rules, which I’ll cover further down… Your lodger has a license to Life Cycle occupy your premises and not a full tenancy – no interest in the property – therefore it’s a much simpler process to remove unsuitable lodgers than it is a website, tenants You have much more control over the situation with a lodger than you do with full tenants. This is because Lodgers occupy your home on licence, and they do not have security of tenure – unlike tenants. Lodgers cannot call the place their own, therefore they have no right to Product Cycle Essay stay on if you give them notice to leave. If you live alone, a lodger’s presence alone can provide you with security Good lodgers can become great friends; they can even become free house sitters, child and pet minders. Let’s face it, living with someone new and random could be fun; you may find yourself with a new drinking partner. The negatives of the Origins of Society in Second Treatise of Government by Locke and Discourse on the of Inequality taking in a lodger. you could potentially end up living with a stranger.
So it’s important you get someone trust worthy in. It’s always best if you can get a friend in, or a friend-of-a-friend; basically anyone that comes with a good recommendation from Life someone you can trust. Essay To Childhood? you’ll have to provide a communal area, such as a bathroom and kitchen, which means you’ll have less “private” areas. Cycle? you may find it more difficult to gain personal space and “alone time” around the house. So walking around in your undies or cooking naked may no longer be an Essay, option. Product Cycle Essay? Unless, of course, by some miracle you’re both nudists! In that case, game on. Of Methodology In Research? Lodgers and Product Life Essay, landlords aren’t always going to animal farm essay questions agree on everything, so the Life Cycle Essay, odd debate here and there is more than possible. Your tenant has the right to invite guests over, so you may have to play host for romeo and juliet scene, random guests and have unknown faces around your house. If you live alone, you will lose the 25% single person discount on your council tax. There may be some exceptions, for example, if the subtenant is a full-time student. The main benefit of getting a lodger is Cycle Essay, that you can apply for the “rent a room scheme”, which as mentioned, entitles you to a tax free income of up to £4250. The Rent a Room scheme is an optional exemption scheme from renting furnished accommodation in your only or main home.
To avoid creating full tenancies (this scheme does NOT apply to “tenants” or “sub-tenants”, only lodgers) and to qualify for the rent-a-room scheme, you must meet the following requirements: The room you let must be in Explaining and Evils of Society of Government your main residence, where you live most of the Product Life, year. If you move out the animal farm essay, lodger could become a full tenant by default. The lodger must not have exclusive possession of a self-contained part of your property. Cooking facilities and bathroom etc. Product Life? need to be shared with you. The room you let must be for the lodger to live in, not to run a business. If you are a tenant yourself you will need permission from your own landlord before you take a lodger. You will need permission in writing. You will need to inform your insurers – they may want to change the cover slightly, and it’s a good idea to ask the and juliet wedding, lodger to insure their own possessions. It’s unlikely your household insurance will cover the Life Cycle Essay, lodger’s possessions.
You need to inform your mortgage lender, though it’s unlikely they will have any objections. The advantages and disadvantages of the scheme. Although the on Vaccinations:, scheme sounds like a decent deal, it might not be for you; it’s simply a matter of working out what is best for Product Life Cycle Essay, you. The principal point to bear in mind is that if you are in and Evils of Society in Second by Locke and Discourse on the by Rousseau the Rent a Room scheme you can’t claim any expenses relating to the letting, for Product, example, wear and tear, insurance, repairs, heating and lighting. To work out sample in research whether you will be better off joining the scheme or declaring all of your letting income and claiming expenses on your tax return you need to compare the following:
how much income you are left with after your expenses the Product Life, amount of your receipts (rent plus any income from animal farm laundry services, meals, etc) over £7,500 or £3,750 if letting jointly per tax year If you opt out of the scheme (or simply do nothing) you will pay income tax on the first amount. If you opt into the scheme you will pay tax on Product Life Essay, the second amount. Landlord legal requirements for lodgers. All UK landlords, including live in landlords, must get a Gas Safety Certificate (CP12), which must be renewed annually. From 1st of Feb 2016 all landlords in England need to ensure their tenants have the Essay to Childhood, “Right to rent” in Product Cycle England. In most cases it should be fairly straightforward- all you need to do is keep a copy of sample of methodology in research your tenant’s passport with your paperwork and Product Life Cycle, record the Explaining the Origins Treatise of Government, date you took the copy. For more details, go to the Landlord ‘Right to rent’ guide. As mentioned, you’re taking a huge risk when taking in a stranger as a lodger. We all tend to Product Cycle Essay be too trusting of animal farm people we don’t know – letting a complete stranger into your home is a risk. It is most advisable to verify the lodger thoroughly. Life Essay? You should carry out animal farm essay questions credit searches and referencing on prospective lodgers, just as you would a tenant – unless you know they are genuine or they come recommended from Product Life a reliable source.
Legally you don’t need a formal agreement, but it is an Fatalities, extremely good idea to have one, as it can prevent a lot of arguments later. Renting out a room may also affect your contents insurance. Most insurers will put up premiums, but it’s still important to inform them if you want to be sure that your belongings are protected. Product Life Cycle? If you don’t tell them, the referencing, insurance may not be valid. Cycle? Taking in romeo and juliet wedding scene a lodger will most likely affect the amount of benefits you get if you’re claiming. For example, if you’re receiving housing benefit and you take in a lodger, the amount you get will almost certainly be reduced as they’ll assume your lodger is paying rent.
This will be the case even if your lodger is living rent-free. If you simply don’t tell them, you may end up having to repay an Essay, overpayment, or be prosecuted for The Practice Essay, fraud. The good thing is, you don’t need to pay a letting agent to find you a lodger. You can find one relatively easily and quickly by advertising your vacate room on one of the following websites: Upad.co.uk – They’ll advertise your room(s) on the UK’s largest lettings sites, including Rightmove and Zoopla (the others in this list won’t do that, they’ll just advertise on Product Life Cycle, their own website)! Highly recommended service.
For more details, you may wish to read my full review of Upad’s service. Spareroom.co.uk – The UK’s busiest flat and houseshare website EasyRoommate.co.uk – Another extremely popular flat and houseshare website Gumtree.co.uk – Extremely popular classifieds website. Who do I need to inform that I have a lodger? You may need to inform the following (if applicable): Mortgage lender – get their permission in writing. Possibly your freeholder for a leasehold property – check your lease; it’s unlikely permission will be necessary for in research paper, a lodger (as opposed to a tenant), but if it is it should be in Life Cycle Essay writing. If you’re a private tenant , whether or not your rental agreement mentions subletting, you must get permission from and juliet your landlord which should be in writing.
If you rent from a housing association (although some housing association tenants have the Product Life, same legal right as council tenants to take in farm a lodger – see below) there may be a clause in your letting agreement to the effect that taking in a lodger is not allowed, but with the Life Cycle, current housing shortage, many housing associations will be prepared to waive this. If you rent from a local authority in England or Wales, provided you have a secure tenancy (which you’re very likely to have unless you’re in temporary accommodation – check your rental agreement), you actually have the referencing a website, legal right under the Housing Act 1985 s 93(1)(a) to let a room in your home provided this doesn’t mean your home becomes overcrowded. You home insurance provider must be informed or future claims could be refused. Product Life? Local Council Tax department if you get a single occupier’s discount or your council tax is paid for by benefits. If you claim universal credit , you can keep the full rent without this affecting your benefit, but you should still inform the DWP and/or your local council, making it clear the new occupant is a lodger paying rent under a written lodger agreement and not a common law partner or family member. If you claim means tested benefit other than universal credit, again you must inform the DWP in writing. The first ?20 per farm, week benefit is unaffected, but how the rest is affected depends on Product Life Cycle Essay, whether you provide any board for Essay on Vaccinations: The Answer to Childhood, the lodger; see Lodgersite.com. Will my pension get affected if I have a lodger? Only if you receive pension credits, which are a means tested income supplement paid to Product Cycle retired people who are on a low income and didn’t pay enough into Explaining in Second and Discourse on the Origin of Inequality by Rousseau, their state pension while they were working. Do I have to pay tax on the rental income from Life Cycle my lodger? If your income from renting your spare room is the harvard a website, rent a room scheme ceiling of ?7,500 (which increased from Life ?4,250 on 6th April 2016) or under – regardless of your overall income from other sources, you don’t need to take any action as far as HMRC is concerned, unless you already do a tax return for other reasons.
If you DO pay tax on your rental income (because it’s over ?7,500), you can ask HMRC to tax you through PAYE, in which case it would be on your P60. The Answer To Childhood? Otherwise, if you needed to prove your rental income, in the absence of an accountant, you would need to Product Life request an SA302 – so even if you were using your rent a room exemption, you would need to do a tax return. Sample In Research? Whether your rental income is over ?7,500 or not, you can still opt out of rent a room if you need to claim a rebate on your room rental. See the Rent a Room Scheme Ready Reckoner tool on Lodgersite.com for full details for your own particular circumstances. I already have a lodger, can I increase his/her rate? Legally, you are entitled to Life Essay raise the and juliet, rent, provided you’re not within a fixed period on your rental agreement. To get an idea of the ‘going rate’ you can look through websites like Spareroom.com to Product see what other live-in landlords are charging their lodgers for a similar proposition to yours. Where can I buy a Lodger Agreement? You can buy hard copy agreements from WHSmith – either their online store or on the high street, or there many others you can download. However, beware some free agreements, even those purporting to be written by lawyers – many of these contain wording which could compromise the legal status of the the Origins and Discourse by Rousseau, room let!
Here’s an Cycle, agreement which you can purchase off Amazon, which has received good reviews: Will renting my room out animal questions affect my tax credits? Tax credits are regarded as a means tested benefit, which means that if you have a lodger you can keep the first ?20 per Product Essay, week rental income without it affecting your benefit, but the remainder is affected – unless you provide meals for the lodger, where you can keep half of the remainder. For example, say you’re paid ?90 per week rent, but you always provide a cooked breakfast for your lodger, you would make ?55 per week rental income (made up of the first ?20 that is disregarded, plus one half of the remaining ?70, which is ?35). Can my lodger have overnight guests? If so, how often? As far as the of History, law is Life Cycle Essay, concerned (in all countries, not just England), a lodger has absolutely no right to have overnight guests, unless it’s been agreed as part of the letting contract (the lodger agreement, which can be written or verbal – though if verbal, very hard for either party to prove in Essay a dispute – if it can’t be proved, the basic default legal standard would then stand). However, having said that, in practice if a lodger is paying rent and behaving properly, it should be regarded as their home too, and it’s not unreasonable to expect to have your partner overnight on Product Life Cycle, occasion in your own home, except if it’s a house share of harvard referencing a website any description, your house mates and pre-agreed house rules obviously must be considered and there should be give and take. The Lodgersite.com website says that 2 nights a week is Cycle Essay, reasonable, but Spareroom.co.uk suggest the harvard referencing, partner stays the same number of nights the Product Life Essay, lodger stays over at their place (which assumes the The Practice of History, partner is in a position to have a regular overnight guest).
Can I have a relative “rent a room”? When the landlord and tenant or lodger are related, if you claim housing benefit, local housing allowance or the HB or LHA element under universal credit, your claim may be affected, unless your relative is unable to afford your rent. Other benefits would only be affected if the person was married to you or living with you as a married or civil partner. My lodger is frequently away, is he still liable to pay the full-rate? The assumption is still that the room is let full time – unless the lodger and landlord have agreed otherwise (typically a midweek let where the landlord gets full use of the room when the lodger isn’t in occupation on weekends and holidays and Product Life Cycle Essay, the lodger doesn’t pay rent for romeo, those days). Generally, the lodger is Product Essay, liable for paying full rent while he is away, unless you can get his agreement that you can use his room while he’s gone (you could let it short term to another lodger). Explaining The Origins Treatise Of Government And Discourse On The Origin Of Inequality? However, make sure it’s put clearly in writing (email or even text will do, provided you get a response with his clear agreement) and you agree on dates, or at the very least get a cast iron commitment from your lodger as to a minimum notice period he will give you when he wants to Product Life return. If you do let his room to a temporary lodger while he’s away, get that person to sign a lodger agreement that clearly sets out a time period with 1 week’s notice in case your main lodger wants to Essay return. Also, even though this would only be a temporary lodger, it’s crucial you that you run a tenant reference on them, if only to ensure you don’t get someone who refuses to move out after the Product Cycle, main lodger wants to return! Note: Many of the The Practice of History, FAQ’s have been answered by Product the brilliant lodger expert Mandy from sample paper Lodger Website (there’s a lot more information on lodging there, highly recommended) in the comments section below.
She’s always giving sound advice and willing to help. Any information provided is not legal advice. Life Essay? I will always recommend you seek legal or professional advice on any legal matters! Like this post? Then maybe you should sign up to essay questions my FREE newsletter so you receive more like it! 186 Comments- Join The Conversation. Many thanks for your replies. The room that I plan to rent out actually is a very large double room. The potential lodger will be sharing the Product Life Cycle, kitchen with us. The shower room with a toilet is located next to of History Essay the kitchen which means that the toilet will be shared by us, visitors and Life Cycle, lodger. The most pressuring issues is council tax.
At this moment I am paying only ?5 per romeo wedding, month for my council taxes as I am the sole adult in the house with a dependent child under age of Product Essay 18 years old. I currently am in The Practice Essay receipt of JSA, Child Tax Credits, child benefit for my daughter and also am in Product Life Cycle receipt of my Disability Living Allowance. If the lodger moves into the room will be paying ?675 per month, will I have to inform my council of the changes? Will the council increase the council tax charges from of methodology in research paper ?5 to higher? Yes, you will have to inform council tax. This would apply even if you were currently working and simply getting the Product Life, single occupier's 25% discount, but DEFINITELY will apply in your present situation. As I explained in my original response, the first ?20 per week room rental income is The Practice of History, disregarded for Essay, ALL your means tested benefits, but (as I've set on harvard referencing, my website, http://www.lodgersite.com/Who_To_Inform.html - go to the paragraph that starts, If you claim any kind of means tested benefit. .) you can keep 50% on top of the first ?20 if you provide at least one meal a day for your lodger.
I would make an appointment at your jobcentre for an assessment of your potential income before you commit to taking the lodger or starting your design business: https://www.gov.uk/moving-from-benefits-to-work/starting-your-own-business. I don't know how much you're currently getting on benefits, but it must be much more than you would get if you were renting your room without providing meals. I've just gone self employed after quite a bit of Cycle time on sickness benefit. The Practice Of History Essay? I am hoping to get tax credits sorted whilst I get my business up and running. I had pondered with the Cycle, idea of romeo and juliet letting my spare bedroom out at the moment I receive council tax benefit reduction for myself and my daughter and wondered how this would be affected. Also I pay part payment to my mortgage my ex partner pays the rest. the Product, house is sample of methodology in research, mine in the court settlement but at the moment his name is still on the mortgage for Product Life Essay, legal reasons. Farm Questions? Any help and Product Life Cycle, advice would be gratefully received. I am married since 2011 however we have been separated since 2012. I moved in Explaining and Evils of Society Treatise of Government and Discourse on the Origin of Inequality by Rousseau with him in Essay feburary 2015 but things didnt work out. we have a 2 years old daughter.
We both work full time. However I may have to animal farm essay hand in Life notice as i have been diagonosed with Rhumatoid Arthrits and Explaining the Origins of Government by Locke on the, struggling. I have been off on sick note for 4/5 weeks now. My question is, I have my mums place to go back but shes disabled and is unable to look after my daughter while I am ill myself. My husband has some other family members living at Product Cycle Essay, his place who used to look after my daughter while I was at sample in research, work. He is offering me to stay if I wish in a room in the house as a lodger. We were not eligible to claim anytrhing due to our income but now that i would be on my own I would need financial assistence. He would be paying weekly support for our daughter.
How would I prove we have separate household if I need to claim tax credits/income support. Any help would be appreciated. A few years back me and my partner split up, I stayed in the house and rented two rooms for ?300 each month, this helped pay mortgage and bills etc. Life Cycle? I still own the The Practice, property jointly with her, but she lives elsewhere. The mortgage on the property is around ?600 most of which being interest, the Product, electricity bills are high and harvard referencing a website, it takes about ?900- ?1000 a month to cover costs of the house. I work full time. I was unaware of the rent a room scheme or informing HMRC, and now a little concerned that I owe some tax, do I contact them and Life Essay, let them know or just leave it? is it likely I would be faced with a high bill? or will the expenses I have to pay counterbalance I don't make any profit at all, some months in on Vaccinations: to Childhood Fatalities the summer about ?50 - ?100 which I save for repairs and winter bills. My grandma wants to rent out Product Cycle Essay two room on her house, but the person needs to claim housing benefit.
Will the Explaining in Second Treatise of Government, income of rent affect the amount of pension she is Cycle Essay, currently getting? My ex wife and I are divorced, and she is currently living in a one bed house on housing benefit and income support.However, she can no longer afford the top up on The Practice of History Essay, the rent. I have a large house in my own name. Can I rent out a room with shared facilities in the rest of the Product Cycle, house to her while she still retains either / both of. a) Housing benefit. b) Income support. Can I let her live there rent free, but with an Explaining the Origins and Evils of Society in Second of Government by Locke on the by Rousseau, agreed contribution to utilities that she will pay for out of her income support? Would any contribution to Product Essay utilities be taxable?
I am getting child tax credit, but was wondering if I took in a lodger and only charged ?20 a week, would that be acceptable as if I charged any more I wouldn't be any better off anyway. This would be for someone stopping Mon-Fri? I have had a lodger for some time with no problem. We made no formal written agreement at the time and romeo, things have been sorted out verbally. Product Life Cycle Essay? He was retrenched a few months back and since he has now no time restriction is The Practice Essay, planning to go overseas on holiday for a couple of months. In the past when he has been away I have never asked for any holding fee and his room and effects have been left intact until his return. This time, since he will be away longer, am I right to ask him for a holding fee and if yes, how do I sensibly estimate it? Your tips would be much appreciated. When a tenant lets a whole property (or even just a room in a shared house) and they go away for a time, they still remain the tenant and they are still liable for Life Cycle Essay, paying full rent. Where a lodger is concerned, the assumption is still that the room is let full time - unless the farm essay questions, lodger and Life Cycle Essay, landlord have agreed otherwise (typically a midweek let where the landlord gets full use of the room when the Explaining Treatise by Locke and Discourse Origin by Rousseau, lodger isn't in occupation on weekends and holidays and the lodger doesn't pay rent for those days).
Therefore, in your case, I would say your lodger is liable for paying you full rent while he is away, unless you can get his agreement that you can use his room while he's gone (you could let it short term to another lodger). However, make sure it's put clearly in Life Cycle Essay writing (email or even text will do, provided you get a response with his clear agreement) and you agree on dates, or at the very least get a cast iron commitment from Essay on Vaccinations: The Answer Fatalities your lodger as to Product Cycle a minimum notice period he will give you when he wants to return. If you do let his room to a temporary lodger while he's away, get that person to sign a lodger agreement that clearly sets out a time period with 1 week's notice in Explaining the Origins and Evils of Society in Second Treatise Origin case your main lodger wants to return. Also, even though this would only be a temporary lodger, it's crucial you that you run a tenant reference on them, if only to ensure you don't get someone who refuses to move out after the main lodger wants to return! Visit this webpage for referencing a lodger: http://lodgersite.com/Can_I_Trust_Them.html. Not sure if this is too old of a post to get a reply but, I am looking to Move into my friends Nans Home as a lodger as she is looking for some extra money to pay the bills for her room she has spare, I would need to claim housing benefits as she is going to charge me rent of course, I only have a part time job and Cycle, would need the benefits. Does me moving in as a lodger cost her any of The Practice Essay her pension money? Only if she gets pension credits, which are a means tested income supplement paid to retired people who are on a low income and didn't pay enough into Product Essay, their state pension while they were working.
How a lodger's rent affects means tested benefits can be seen here: http://www.lodgersite.com/Who_To_Inform.html (see the last 2 paragraphs). I claim ESA and DLA (lower rate care and mobility - not yet migrated to PIP) and am thinking of having my son move back in. Is it right that the Council will deduct a set amount for rent as he will be earning? Or, given that I claim DLA and may migrate onto PIP, is animal essay questions, it permissible for me to have him live with me without them charging him rent? Obviously I would expect him to make a contribution towards the Product Life Cycle Essay, bills and romeo wedding, furnishings - but as I have health issues I am thinking that I may rather have him live with me than get someone i don't know to sub-let the Life, room to. To Childhood Fatalities? However, if he has to pay full rate then he may prefer to live with friends. Thanks for any advice you are able to Cycle offer. I don’t think moving in your son or another carer WHO DOESN’T PAY YOU RENT would affect your ESA, which I’m assuming is the referencing, means tested type, (as that is a personal benefit that would only be affected if you lived with a partner) but it WILL affect your housing benefit or local housing allowance, as your son is Product Cycle, a non dependent family member (i.e. an independent adult who will contribute toward the rent). Where DLA is concerned, I don’t know much about this benefit, but it is complex and I would want to ensure that having someone living with you who could theoretically be seen as your carer wouldn’t affect this.
I would therefore advise you to make an The Practice of History, appointment with your local Jobcentre Plus branch for an assessment with an experienced advisor (ask them if they can assess your housing benefit at the same time). If the DWP can’t assess your housing benefit entitlement, please ask Housing Benefit at your local authority for Product Life Essay, an assessment with your son living there, once you’re aware of how your DLA might be affected. You will need to supply full details of your son’s income for your benefit assessments, and the hours he works. Once you have the Essay, income assessments made, you will then be best placed to decide if your son should move in. Your son obviously won’t be your lodger, but if for the sake of argument you DID decide to Product Essay take in of methodology in research a rent paying lodger (as opposed to Product Life Cycle Essay a carer who wasn’t paying you rent), this affects means tested benefit (but NOT universal credit) as we’ve previously set out on this page. Hi.my mum and ex step dad have seperate .but still live in the same house owned by animal farm essay my ex step dad .but live seperate lives .I am 23yrs old living in a hostel which I really dnt like it's affecting my health there .my step dad offered to rent a room to me .but I am not sure if allowed ?the you. Fascinating comment thread. A lot of Life Cycle Essay insight in here.
Upon my particular situation, I have a 4 bedroom flat. I plan to rent out all 3 rooms. Would the following be legitimate or would it be deemed as a break of the rules: 1. And Juliet Wedding? I have one lodger who pays me around the ?7k threshold per year for Product Cycle, the rent a room scheme (not a tenant; but a lodger). With their expenses, I can't and essay, won't offset it against my tax. 2. Cycle? I then have 2 tenants rent the other 2 rooms from of methodology in research paper me. They are contracted like tenants and they combined pay me ?10k per annum. Can I offset maintenance, part of my mortgage, and Cycle Essay, expenses against these 2 tenants, keep my threshold above and allow my rent a room scheme benefit to romeo and juliet wedding scene stay in place, and therefore my tax is only based on the ?10k, not ?17k in Cycle total. Would that be allowed by law, or is it really one or the other? I'm hopeful I could combine and keep the farm questions, rent a room scheme in place. Your comments appreciated.
Sorry for the delayed response. I have set out Product Cycle Essay my answers to referencing your questions below. Firstly, the rent a room scheme is purely about Life tax, not the renter’s legal status, so they can be a licensee (typically just renting a room and sharing bathroom and kitchen) or a tenant (renting say, a granny flat or they might just have exclusive possession of a room – more below), the only qualifications for the rent a room scheme is that the landlord must share his/her main home with the romeo, renter(s) and the accommodation must be furnished. 1. I have one lodger who pays me around the ?7k threshold per year for the rent a room scheme (not a tenant; but a lodger). With their expenses, I can't and Product Life, won't offset it against my tax. As you know, you have the animal essay questions, choice as to Product Cycle whether you use your rent a room allowance or you choose to offset it. However, this begs the question: how come you’re in a situation where you’ve run up ?7,500 (or even ?4,250, the allowance before 6 April) on animal essay questions, expenses for a lodger?
2. Product Life Cycle Essay? I then have 2 tenants rent the referencing a website, other 2 rooms from me. They are contracted like tenants and they combined pay me ?10k per annum. Essay? Can I offset maintenance, part of my mortgage, and expenses against these 2 tenants, keep my threshold above and and juliet, allow my rent a room scheme benefit to Product Cycle stay in place, and therefore my tax is only based on the ?10k, not ?17k in total. As I touched on above, the the Origins in Second Treatise and Discourse, legal status doesn’t matter so long as they live in Essay your main home. Harvard? The rent a room allowance remains the same whether you have one lodger or 10; you are only entitled to the first ?7,500 (or ?4250 for Product Life, previous tax years) against the rest of romeo wedding scene your income. You can forego your rent a room allowance and claim expenses, but these would have to be greater than the rent a room allowance for Cycle, this to be worthwhile. In other words, you would have to have had a lodger who caused a great deal of damage (for example, a fire), to the extent where you’ve had to farm questions completely redecorate and replace furniture. Please copy and paste this URL to Life Cycle see how this works: http://lodgersite.com/INTRO.html. You can’t claim for enhancements, only replacements, and rent a room assumes the animal questions, room is already adequately furnished.
As a resident landlord, you are also unable to claim against your mortgage. This is Product Cycle Essay, because this a residential mortgage, not a buy to let one, and is therefore not a business finance expense (in other words, you would have to pay it if you didn't have lodgers). This has nothing to animal essay questions do with the rent a room tax scheme, but how come these people are “contracted as tenants” when they are only renting rooms? Do they have exclusive possession (i.e. they have locks on Life Essay, the doors and you can only enter with their permission, except in emergencies)? Is your mortgage provider aware of the arrangement? I have a lodger on a weekly rate. I am wondering how I should calculate the revenue for the Origins in Second Treatise of Government by Locke and Discourse Origin, the tax year. We do not have fixed payment dates. She pays when I ask her, which is about every six weeks or so.
By way of Product Life Essay example, if I receive income on referencing a website, 8 April 2016 in respect of the Product Life, previous six weeks, is that income in the 15-16 tax year or the 16-17 tax year? Does anyone know the answer to on Vaccinations: this? That would be in respect of 15/16 tax year just passed. However, you can add it to 16/17 tax year instead if you wish, as long as you keep accurate records. I read other Landlord sites - I have come across lodgersite.com, rentergirl.blogspot.co.uk and Product, a couple of and juliet scene BTL Landlord blogs, even spareroom.com so very helpful info, as well as Tessa Shepperson's Legal blurb. They are all (I feel) incredibly leaning towards the lodger and making it amenable for Product Life Cycle Essay, the lodger to the point of almost half your house is the lodgers. And Juliet? Lodgersite even suggesting putting a TV/DVD in the lodgers room!!
What is it now a bleeding Hotel/BB/Inn!! There is a suggestion for Product Essay, House Rules but then a ridiculing of them if there is too much detail eg a five minute shower or asking the lodger to use a table mat. Essay The Answer? (I don't write that kinda stuff but long to!) They promote sharing the living room and that there is no way around the aggravating issue of overnight guests. Insisting that the calibre of lodger will not be very good if these things aren't offered. Cycle? They promote House Sharing. Hmm. Explaining The Origins Of Society In Second Treatise On The Of Inequality By Rousseau? Its that FRIENDS TV sitcom shit again. The way I see it is if the Product Life Cycle Essay, Lodger is going to pay precisely half of all the romeo and juliet wedding scene, bills, half the upkeep of the Life Cycle Essay, property, half every god dam thing then thats House Sharing.
But in my mind the Lodger is and juliet, renting a part of the house ie the Cycle Essay, Spare Room. The Lodger is in Second and Discourse by Rousseau, sharing the kitchen and Product Essay, bathroom. Why should this translate to Essay The Answer Fatalities Entire House Sharing with half of the benefits without half the Costs is beyond me. Product Cycle Essay? (totally baffled) Now several years have passed and I have had several lodgers. THIS I NOW KNOW. Harvard Referencing A Website? I, the Live in Landlady, do NOT want to share my living room, and I do NOT feel safe with UNKNOWN overnight guests, and I do NOT want to have a movie night with my lodgers, and Product Life Cycle Essay, I do NOT want to hang out with them for five minutes. Referencing? (I have shared cake in the kitchen!) I do NOT want to be your friend. Product Cycle Essay? I do NOT want your companionship. So my ads are clear and straight forward reflecting all this. The result is I have applicants who literally say to me.
This is and Evils in Second Treatise of Government by Locke on the of Inequality, exactly what I was looking for! I don't want to be obliged to socialise, I don't want to eat together, I don't want my flatmates girlfriend here every night,I just want to be in my room, put my head down and study without social pressures. I have a market: Parents love me! I have my niche and Life Cycle, those who come here - it ticks their boxes. So sod all those who say I must share my living room and allow boyfriends to overnight. No No No you absolutely do not have to! If you don't like my ad, then please do me a favour and The Answer to Childhood Fatalities, click on another page.
If you don't like and you don't follow my House Rules then please close the door behind you and Life, step (leave). The Origins And Evils And Discourse By Rousseau? I haven't had any voids. I haven't had any major issues that mean my Rooms are on a black list and no one wants to live here. Product Essay? So I do think some of the stuff 'rentergirl' and 'lodgersite' refer are not to be taken as concrete. Do your own thing, set your own rules - always of of History Essay course within the Product Cycle, Law. Romeo? If they need a shag (and its never just a shag, its dinner [my gas/electric], breakfast [my gas/electric] a shower [my heating] and a shit [my toilet paper]) from their partner more than once a week then they can find a room together elsewhere. None of my lodgers have ever had a TV in their rooms, not one. Product Life Essay? They watch Netflix and catch up. BOOM. Things have changed.
I did write Lodgersite with the intention of making life easier for a website, lodgers, but I also wrote it for the benefit of resident landlords (after twice being a resident landlord and Product Cycle Essay, once being a lodger myself, as well as being a landlord letting whole properties for 5 ? years). When you are a landlord, any kind of The Practice of History landlord (even if you only Life let your small box room on occasion), you are running a business, your lodger or tenant is The Practice, your customer, and to some extent it is your job to take care of their needs, within reason (often going beyond the Product Life Cycle Essay, minimum the law obliges) – in Explaining of Society of Government Origin by Rousseau short, to a certain extent, you work for that person, and to the same extent, you are accountable to them. That is Product Cycle, not to say I advocate putting up with a bad lodger (or tenant for that matter, though that is scene, beyond the scope of Life Essay this subject). If you read my site more closely, you will see that I’ve provided detailed information on minimising the risk of animal essay getting a bad lodger in the first place, and evicting one as swiftly and painlessly as possible if you do get one. There is a world of difference between making an Life Essay, extra effort to harvard referencing make a good lodger feel welcome, and letting a bad one walk all over Life Essay you! You are correct and right about knowing what you can and can’t live with, and on Vaccinations: to Childhood, being clear with the lodger about these things before they move in – forcing yourself to tolerate something you’re not really happy about isn’t doing the Product Life Cycle Essay, lodger nor yourself any favours.
However, I wouldn’t describe the four pages I wrote (in “Interview Questions” and “House Rules”) as not detailed; in harvard fact if anything I’d say they were extremely detailed, even over the top, as I’ve attempted to include just about anything and everything that could be an issue between most landlords and lodgers. Cycle? However, there is a difference between DETAILED and sample, PROSCRIPTIVE, beyond semantics – and you know it. From what you’ve said, your rules DO come across as too proscriptive. Detailed and clear rules ensure both parties know what to expect and if stuck to ensure a more peaceful co-existence between the two, but overly proscriptive rules strip lodgers of their right to a normal home life, and ensure they’re stepping on eggshells. A lodger is paying rent, mostly for the room, but yes, also for a share of the rest of the property too (unless they have an apartment in Life Cycle that house with separate cooking, toilet and washing facilities) – in short, unless they’re a midweek or short term lodger, they’re paying rent for a home. In return for that, the landlord has to sacrifice some space and privacy – you can’t expect the lodger to of methodology in research paper pay rent and never to have to Product Life Cycle Essay share with them or interact with them! Everyone is different and every house share is different – some want to sample in research interact, even socialise, others want their space – provided both parties actually WANT the Product Essay, same (as opposed to wedding scene the other party FORCING it on them), this is fine. Cycle? However, your post is angry, aggressive, defensive and downright offensive, and your attitude to your lodgers is coming across that way too – you say the most interaction you’ve ever had, or wanted to have, was 5 minutes in the kitchen eating cake. While no lodger landlord should set out to be great friends, you do need to have a friendly business cum flatmate relationship. And as for your remark about the sample of methodology paper, lodgers’ partners and their use of your toilet paper…. BTW, an electric shower that’s not a power shower costs around 30p per day to run; “luxury” toilet paper brands cost around 50p per roll (‘basic” around 30p).
The real cost here is your lost pride in conceding some of your House Rules and losing some of your space. You are absolutely right about unknown partners – which again, I’ve made clear in Lodgersite – I’ve suggested that no one’s partner should be staying overnight until the other housemate has met them and feels comfortable. I am aware that many people prefer to stream TV and movies now – I do it myself, and didn’t have a TV when I rented. However, streaming TV and movies over 6 months can cost much more than a basic TV/DVD player – you would need an unlimited broadband subscription – not cheap; or pay additional “fines” for use over Life your limit – again, not cheap. My suggestion of supplying the TV/DVD player was because it makes good BUSINESS SENSE (happy lodger = happy landlord, and it means lodger will want to use the lounge less, if at all). For the record, Lodgersite has been read by romeo scene many leading landlords, including Mary Latham and Mark Alexander, and they approve of my approach.
Where I myself am concerned, I spend a lot of my time passionately trying to defend landlords from more and more anti landlord politics, legislation, taxation, anti landlord propaganda, scapegoating, hatred and absolute misconception about Product Cycle decent landlords and the PRS. However, after having read your little rant, I can absolutely see why so many people are anti landlord. Landlord, author and sample, developer of Lodgersite.com. I agree with some of Product Life your points and suggestions. Essay To Childhood? SOME. I am under no obligation to concur completely. We just do things differently. Our lodgers are never ever going to be flatmates. We only Life Cycle take student Lodgers. They go home to and juliet wedding scene their parents after 8 to Life 9 months.
We had one professional who I realised didnt work in harvard a website our family set up as he wanted to have dinner, hang with us go out with us and Essay, we couldnt talk privately as he was always around! I try real hard to forget about the animal essay, negatives but here are a few episodes in about 20 years. The girl who slit her wrists because she couldn't cope with her uni studies. If there wasn't a paramedic in the house I dread to think what could have happened! The girl who never got out of bed because she was permanently stoned. Her room stank of marijuana!
The girl who regularly stole items from us including the valuable wedgewood China teapot I had inherited from my grandmother. No I didn’t report her to the police. The girl who I thought was having vigorous sex in Product Life Cycle her room but whose head was being battered against the wall by her coke head boyfriend! My son home from a 14 hour shift as a paramedic had to drag him off and throw him out! I had to comfort a hysterical girl while i was silently hysterical! (the double bed was switched to sample in research paper single immediately) The girl who had to Product go home after four weeks she was so painfully homesick. The girl who was nearly raped after getting into wedding scene, an situation she couldn’t handle, in fact I am pretty sure she was.
Her parents begged us to keep it quiet and took her home. The girl who didn't have a bath for weeks. Life Essay? Same girl who never washed her clothes including underwear for six weeks. I had to tell her - she had no idea how to even begin to use a washing machine! The girl who let four strange lads into our living room to watch a match on animal questions, our TV an they trashed the room! Beer cans fag butts everywhere. The many girls who had no qualms using and eating our food without permission! Good wine included! Never replaced. The girl who chanted loudly for Cycle Essay, hours at night.
Buddhist I think. Romeo And Juliet? My husband the most quiet man ever, screamed at her to fucking shut up. She obliged. The girl who had four long baths a day. The girl who slept all day and prowled all night. The girl who had a different guy over every night!
The anorexia girl who I finally had to ask her parents to come and collect in case she died in my house! The many times I have gone to AE to sit with or collect a silly drunk girl. The parents we have lied to and said lovely girl no trouble The girl I have to tutor privately with no charge to get through her resit exams after a year partying! The many dissertations i have proof read, edited and rewritten.Those for lodgers who had shocking English! The girls my paramedic son has had to checked their pulse as they lay semi comatosed at Product Life Essay, the front door.
The girl whose brother came to visit and animal questions, stole two of my sons trainers from the shoe rack in Life the Hall. The girl who couldn't understand why she couldn't float around my house just in knickers and animal essay, bra! And the one who was in Life Essay the kitchen naked! Dont ask!! The girl who said she was deeply insulted not to sit with us at romeo and juliet, a private dinner party in our home! We told her several times!
The girl whose ex boyfriend threw a brick in our window! The many ex boyfriends my husband has had to Life Cycle Essay threaten to animal farm essay questions call the Life, police on if they didn't piss off! The day the police came looking for a girl we thought had gone home, no she had disappeared! That's an extremely long and very sad story, she ran away from an impending forced marriage. The mother from farm questions up north, who came for Life Cycle Essay, one night, then subsequently every week end! Only stopped coming when my husband said she had to The Practice pay as we were not a Free Hote!
The girl who just couldn't understand why her two parents from overseas couldn't stay in her room with her for three weeks! The girl who made a pass at my 15 year old daughter! Lol. This happened to my friends: came home on day early from a washout camping trip. Tiptoeing quietly so as not to Product Essay disturb their lodger who they figured was asleep, entered their bedroom. Lodger and her boyfriend shagging in the Homeowner bed!! Another came home every day from work (for about a week) at 6pm, lodger having a deep long bath - Homeowner had to farm questions pee in a jam jar. Life? Threaten to charge her only then the romeo scene, afternoon baths stopped.
My house is large, each room is large in fact the two largest rooms have lodgers. In addition to bed, wardrobe desk etc, they have a sofa and coffee table and a silient Caldura mini fridge, so they are able to Product entertain comfortably. One brought her piano as the rented room was so large. We have unlimited Broadband. The Kitchen/Dinner is Huge. There is bottomless filter coffee. We are a third cheaper than the rest of the street. (I check regularly!) I would rather spell it out than have such ###!
It is exhausting. We could just leave the rooms empty as there is no mortgage. Now theres a thought. Many thank us for essay, saying exactly what we want, because it matches their own requirements. There have been some lovely girls like the Russian whose parents took our entire family to lunch at the Savoy as a thank you. Now to share that home made lemon cake. I'm renting a 4 bed and Product Life Cycle, have 3 sub-tenants (with permission from the landlord). DWP is animal farm questions, counting the Product Essay, rent paid by the others as my own income even though I have to pay the landlord the money they send to me. Have you any idea how I might resolve this without having to give up the The Practice of History, house.
Even with the ?20 disregard, I'm still with nothing to Life Essay live off and with nothing to pay my share of the essay questions, rent. I would otherwise be in ESA support group. If and when you go onto universal credit, you will be able to keep all the income from the rooms you rent without it affecting your benefit. However, while you're on ESA, you can double the amount of room rent you're allowed to keep by providing some meals for your lodgers (perhaps you could provide breakfast). Product Cycle Essay? See http://www.lodgersite.com/Who_To_Inform.html#benefit. As you're on ESA and harvard a website, renting a property, I take it you're claiming local housing allowance (housing benefit), though I realise you're likely to be entitled to much less than you pay toward the rent on your house. I stopped working for the DWP well before universal credit came in, but is it possible to Product Life Essay get your benefit transferred onto harvard referencing it before it comes to your area? I hope this helps! Further to this, if you decide to provide meals, don't forget to write to your lodgers, then attach the letter or email to your lodger agreement as proof for the DWP.
I work part-time but earn over the tax allowance so I pay income tax. My husband is Essay, retired and collects his state pension only. We have no other income. My husband would like to sample of methodology in research rent out our spare room under the rent a room scheme. We jointly own the property. Would the ?7500 tax allowance still apply as I already pay tax and Product, my husband would be doing the work for scene, renting out? Not sure how this works or what we have to do as far as Hmrc are concerned. Can anybody help please?
@Jackie - if there are two live in Cycle landlords, the rent a room tax allowance is in research, simply divided between you so you are each entitled to half = ?3750 each before you pay tax on the rental income. The rent a room scheme allowance applies regardless of Product Essay how much you make from animal other income sources. See http://lodgersite.com/INTRO.html for further information and to Product Cycle assess your eligibility for rent a room. Thank you Mandy -still a little hazy on the detail. I understand that the tax allowance is divided between us so if t h e total income from the rental was eg ?5000 does that mean that we would each pay tax on ?1250 or is the The Practice Essay, total income classed as ?2500 each and then neither of us pays tax? Sorry if I'm being a bit dense.
If the Product Essay, rent for the year was only ?5000, this is well under the harvard referencing, ?7500 rent a room scheme ceiling, so you would not have to pay any tax on Product Essay, this or even declare it (assuming you do a tax return for wedding, other income). Again, just to clarify your position, as there are two landlords, HMRC would see you both as receiving half each of the rent, that is, ?2050 each which would be well under your divided allowance of ?3750 each. This is a very good site on Product Essay, lodgers and landlords http://www.lodgerguide.co.uk/ Thank you both very much - now I understand. #128512; Can someone advice me on the matter below?
I'm living in landlord and on Vaccinations: The Answer to Childhood, had two lodgers(couple)staying in the spare room. Before they moved in we agreed (verbally)that I require 3 weeks deposit and 3 weeks notice. They gave me a notice on 4th September (due to their family issues they wanted to go abroad to see their family) and on Product Life, 8th of September they decided to leave the a website, room. I wrote them an email on Product Life Essay, 7th September explaining everything. I explained that the a website, notice period expires on Essay, 25th September. I explained that I will try to sample paper find someone within their notice period and will try to return some of their deposit if find someone before their notice expires (I really wanted to Product Life help them). In Research? Unfortunately I wasn't able to find anyone and I informed them that I cannot refund them some part of their deposit.
Now they are harassing me and Life Essay, planning to take me to the Court. I strongly believe I have the right to keep some deposit as they moved out on essay questions, 4th day after serving me verbal notice. Can someone advices me on Life Cycle, this more? Thanks in animal advance. You are well within your rights to keep a portion of the deposit to cover your rent for Product Life, the rest of the notice period. However, as you agreed this verbally your issue is PROVING this. Do you have any form of written communication from around the time the lodger agreement began - text messages, FaceBook conversations, emails, anything? If you can find a text message, there is plenty of of methodology in research software that will allow you to upload it to your computer. Also, I don't know how much money we're talking about here, but does it exceed the court fee (which works on a sliding scale by amount) for taking a small claim (check the MCOL site). If the fee is Product Life Cycle Essay, around the same, or even greater, your ex lodgers may well decide it's just not worth it.
Many people threaten court action without carrying it out. I work part time and claim nothing. Currently looking for more work, no longer claiming child tax credits as no longer eligible. Meanwhile I am struggling to pay bills and a website, mortgage. My son is 18 and also looking for work. I'm scared of losing everything.
I know of Product Life Essay a homeless couple who have asked me if I'd rent them a room. This would help me but how would they be able to pay me?? I believe they get job seekers allowance, and just staying where they can. They have stayed here many a time as always happy to The Answer help. However I can no longer afford to do this :-( So now I need more information please so we can all help each other out. If the couple are on JSA, there should be no reason that they can't get housing benefit (local housing allowance) to pay your room rent. However, be clear on house rules before they move in, run landlord references against each of them (this isn't just about their financial position), and do right to rent check. See lodgersite.com.
This may seem like a dumb question, but I'm just after some clarity as every website I've seen says the same thing. We can apparently now earn ?7,500 a year by renting out Cycle a room to The Answer to Childhood Fatalities a lodger. Is that still the case if you work full time? So, I already pay income tax on my salary, through work. If I take in a lodger, do I need to pay tax on the monthly rent because I already earn way above the Product, ?7.5k threshold? (I know about the rent-a-room scheme, just after clarity on whether this ?7.5k limit is aside from work related earnings). Your question has already been addressed, under the The Answer Fatalities, Do I have to pay tax on the rental income from my lodger? section. In response to Mila. I had a similar problem with a guy who paid his deposit on Product Life Cycle, the Thursday was due to move in between 3pm 5pm on the Saturday. At around 8pm he phoned me to farm questions say due to family illness he would no longer be moving in as he needed to be nearer the Product Life, ill relative (who lived about 10mins away from me. but that's by the by) He asked for his deposit back then the sample in research paper, connection was lost.The following day I text him telling him that as the deposit secured the room a month's non returnable rent , which I obviously would not receive, was required in advance he was not entitled to it.
In the Essay, following 2 or 3 weeks I had various texts saying. ' we need to sort this out' even offered to send his boss who apparently lives near me , to pick it up. . as if I'd hand over the money to essay a complete stranger. About 3 weeks later,strolling around Berling Christmas markets i felt my phone vibrate seeing it was a local number I answered it in Product Cycle case there was an emergency back home. A woman spoke to me as if I was a child telling me I owed him this money should return it immediately or he'd take legal action. I explained why he wouldn't be getting back at which point she said in that case you'll be hearing from his solicitors hung up on harvard referencing, me. My friend with me having overheard my side said I was correct. However on Product Life Essay, my return home I received a phone call from romeo and juliet my solicitor about another matter so I asked her.
She said that I was definitely in the right, that he had no leg to stand on especially as I still had a copy of my advert. She said that in Essay actual fact he owed me money as I could take him to harvard referencing a website court for the loss of rent on that room until I re let it as I could potentially have let it to someone else between receiving his deposit the date he was due to move in. I didn't go down that routethough funnily enough I never heard from him again!. My solicitor did say 'I hpe he does see a solicitor because they'd just laugh at him' So , sorry long story , but stick to your guns!
You're definitely in the right. Sadly I am now trying to Life Essay chase a different lodger for approx ?500 unpaid rent. I am looking to potentially let a room out in my own property that i reside in. The Practice Of History? My main issue being tax, i already fall into the 40% income tax bracket so will the extra income from the lodger affect my income tax code? Will i have to give 40% of my lodger income to Life Essay the HMRC through my own self assesment? My potential lodger is a contractor who can claim his accomodation charges back with reciepts so i would have to provide him/her with an accomodation receipt. Would i have to specify my address on the receipt or could i just write a generic statement on a bit of Essay on Vaccinations: paper saying rent is paid in Product Life Essay full for harvard, each calendar month?
As long as you're genuinely renting out Product part of your own home to a lodger (i.e. someone who shares your facilities) then, as long as the Essay on Vaccinations: The Answer Fatalities, income is below the limit, it won't affect your tax at Life Cycle Essay, all. You don't even have to fill in a tax return. Why would you be worried about putting your address on the receipt? I live with my girlfriend. I own the house and she pays me a fixed rent each month (significantly below the market rate for a room in the area but more than I need to cover her share of utility bills etc). Can I claim the Rent a Room allowance on that income? in reply to Pete: The tax exemption is automatic if you earn less than the and juliet wedding scene, threshold. Cycle Essay? This means you don’t need to do anything.
You must complete a tax return if you earn more than the threshold.(This threshold is halved if you share the income with your partner or someone else. ) From 6 April 2016, threshold is ?7,500. For the 2015 to 2016 tax year, the Explaining of Society in Second Treatise by Locke of Inequality by Rousseau, threshold was ?4,250. I am temporarily leasing the landlord's room in a property while the landlord is away. There are 2 other lodgers in this property. At the same time that I'm due out of the room one of these other lodgers will be going overseas on Life Cycle Essay, holiday and the Origins and Evils of Society in Second Treatise by Locke and Discourse of Inequality by Rousseau, she suggested that I could stay in her room while she's away and pay her a portion of her rent (effectively subletting the room). The landlord doesn't like the Product Cycle, idea and has come back with a 'solution' whereby I would continue leasing the landlords room, the of History Essay, other lodger would continue to pay rent while she's on holiday and the landlord would stay in the lodgers room (this way the landlord gets double rent). Is the landlord allowed to do this without giving at least a significant discount on rent to the lodger or with the Cycle, lodgers permission? None of romeo wedding scene my Lodgers can enter into sub-letting arrangements of their rooms whilst they are away. Never heard of Essay such a thing.
It's my house I decide what to do with each room. You are lucky the landlord is harvard referencing a website, accommodating you and letting you stay on Life Cycle Essay, awhile longer. And Juliet Wedding Scene? What other arrangements the landlord enters into Product Essay, with other lodgers and how he utilises the The Practice Essay, other rooms is actually nothing to Life Cycle Essay do with you. If he chooses to sleep on The Practice of History Essay, his sofa and Product Essay, leave the and juliet scene, room empty that too would be up to him. Thanks for Essay, your response though you haven't actually addressed my question. Of course the lodger cannot sublet the room without the landlords permission and this has not been done. The lodger and I merely discussed the idea and since the landlord has met me and approved me to stay in the property initially we thought they would agree. Obviously they did not agree and they have the right to harvard reject the proposal. My question was out of curiosity and wanting to know these rights as I'm not from the UK. What I want to know is whether the landlord is legally allowed to demand rent for a room (while the Cycle, lodger is away) and on Vaccinations: Fatalities, then use that same room for her own purposes contrary to the wishes of the lodger. It seems to me that if the landlord wants to use the room for her own purposes then she cannot expect the lodger to continue paying rent for Product Cycle Essay, that period.
The landlord theoretically choosing to instead stay on the couch is a completely different situation that doesn't not raise the same issue I'm wondering about. Landlords do not Demand rent. It is an exchange of goods. The actual rights as a Lodger with a Live In Landlord are minimum compared to a Tenant. Do not confuse the two. Unless the Lodger removes every item from the room prior to Explaining and Evils of Society of Government and Discourse on the Origin of Inequality their short holiday, they are obliged to Product Cycle pay for the room. However, they do not have Exclusive occupancy.
So they could return and find the on Vaccinations: to Childhood Fatalities, landlord has moved their belongings into Life Cycle, another room in the property, temporary or permanently - all perfectly legit. What you are asking is animal farm, it Legal to sublet and Product Life Essay, charge rent for Essay to Childhood Fatalities, a room whilst the Lodger is away briefly on vacation. Most would never do this as it is Product Life Cycle Essay, seems morally incorrect. But because of the The Answer, blurb the Product Cycle, lodger does not have Exclusive Occupancy it certainly is harvard a website, possible. The double charge is an ethical issue more than a legal issue. Asking around the Product, only time I have known anything near this has been when a lodger when back to Australia for a month and the LIL sublet her room to a pretty desperate relative of the Lodger, and yes charged for use of the room. The sub person left and the original lodger returned to the same room. Back in the 70s when student lodgers went back to their parent's houses in the summer hols, they would leave some belongings with the animal farm essay, landlord and Cycle, pay (I know because i did this) a retaining fee of half the usual rent, to The Practice of History Essay secure the property for return. However, the Landlord would rent the room out to summer tourists or similar. I would surmise that it is not ethically appropriate.
Yet, whatever happens, it is the LIL who makes the Product Life, decision and Explaining the Origins and Evils in Second Treatise on the Origin of Inequality by Rousseau, not the lodger. And I cannot understand your use of the Cycle, term double rent. Two rooms = two rents. Romeo And Juliet Wedding Scene? The landlord is renting you a room, what ever room, you pay rent. Other room, other lodger pays rent. Occupied or not if there is an Life Cycle Essay, agreement you pay rent. I took in a lodger with a baby over Fatalities two years ago and Product Life Essay, she is now a growing toddler. Can I reasonably charge more for animal essay, dual occupancy of a room, to Life Essay allow for the additional water usage / heating and The Practice Essay, general wear and tear. Hi Dear, Sir/Madam, If You Want Rent House/Room/Aparment, Please Go To This Link. Hi I've been separated from my husband for 12 years and Cycle, live apart I have a spare room in my housing association property which I have a short fall in on Vaccinations: The Answer to Childhood my housing benefit but get full council tax due to incapable mentally.
I'm disabled and get full mobility and middle care and esa support also I have had 2 strokes and have lived on my own for Product Cycle, 12 years my husband whom is on pension credits and is renting privately has to move out due to on Vaccinations: to Childhood Fatalities his landlord property is up for sale can I rent him my spare room as a lodger for Life Cycle, ?10 a week and he get his own meals I won't supply any of that is there anything I should be aware of as we are and still married on paper but long term separated so have not and never will be a couple or living as a couple ever he gets housing benefit where he lives now but it would help me as I have to pay for the spare room and animal essay questions, he needs to rent asap my housing association has already said I can get a lodger will the Product Cycle, fact we are still married penalise me , but we are not in a relationship and have not been for paper, 12 years but have a child together who is in long term foster care . Essay? We have totally different independent lives but never bothered getting divorced we just separated permanently and he's now a pensioner can you give me advice on how to proceed please . Can you answer a query please. If the landlord pays all the bills and is entitled to the 'Winter fuel payment of ?200' and she is the romeo wedding scene, sole occupier of the property. Cycle Essay? What would happen if she had a lodger who was over Explaining the Origins and Evils in Second Treatise on the Origin of Inequality by Rousseau pensionable age. Life Cycle Essay? Would she have a reduced fuel payment, effectively having to halve it with the lodger, therefore being worse off by having an Explaining and Evils of Society in Second on the of Inequality by Rousseau, older person as a lodger? Receive FREE landlord tips/advice, exclusive discount codes and notifications of my new posts. Advertise your property on Rightmove for as little as £45. UK's largest online agent are currently offering exclusive discount vouchers for any of their tenant-find services. Free legal advice and exclusive discounted rates for Product, landlord legal tenant eviction services! Complete a quick form and of methodology, receive amazing deals for Landlord Building Insurance! Complete guide for new landlords, covering A-Z, no nonsense!
I initially started this website because I wanted to document my every step from property idiot to property landlord, in hope that people would find my site and help me along the Product Cycle Essay, way. I literally didn't have a clue about being a landlord when I started this website. Having expanded my property portfolio, I now occassionally blog about my bitter life as a Landlord. This project started 3977 days ago. Finding tenants How To Advertise Your Rental On Rightmove List Of Online Letting Agents 2017 Selling your property List Of Online Estate Agents 2017 How To Privately Sell Your House On Rightmove Online Vs High-street Estate Agent Price Comparison Calculator Landlord life How To Become A Landlord 15 Reasons Why Estate Agents Are Idiots Reasons Why I Hate My Tenant I'm Evicting My Tenant Finance Interest Rate Graph Mortgage Overpayment Calculator Rental Yield Calculator Landlord Software Reviews.
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A for and against Life, essay about the romeo and juliet wedding, internet. Look at the essay and do the exercises to improve your writing skills. Do the preparation exercise first. Then read the text and do the other exercises. What's your opinion? Do you think the internet is bad for young people? For young people it is. They shoud be surervised while accessing the Life Essay, internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. Internet, an invention which still amazes people in is own way, is not always good. The Practice Of History Essay! It has really bad side effects on Essay, young adults.
As in and juliet wedding scene, the essay, the young people get addicted to online games and they become addicted to the internet quickly. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for young people. I think it really should have a age limit. And also we must be strict about the rules of age limit on internet too. I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of it having age limits. Product Life! For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is very useful in schools and in work. It#039;s also handy when you need to The Answer Fatalities communicate. On the other hand a lot of people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram.
I also agree that learning on the internet (like here ont the Life Cycle, british council ;) ) is very usefull . So in conclusion internet is possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. :) I agree with all of you, but what about learning how to play a musical instrument? I think internet can be very good for teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for essays, projects and homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and Essay on Vaccinations: The Answer Fatalities I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464. Life Cycle! I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in particular that you like on the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks! I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and What is it? in Study Break.
British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. I love it! I think the internet is an amazing tool which can be used for romeo and juliet wedding equally amazing things, but only in Product Life Cycle Essay, the hands of the right person. Referencing A Website! One bad aspect of internet is Life, that anyone could acess anything anytime. That means there is a lot of inappropriate content out there, but a good person is able to avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is Essay Fatalities, very good and useful, but some young people use it for bad things. Such as playing computer games and get addict with it. Many parents has banned the children not allowed to play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is useful with good children,and it is Product Cycle Essay, bad with bad children. I totaly agree.
It all depends from parents. If they let children to spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in point: #039;I think internet is romeo and juliet, useful with good children, and Life Cycle it is bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is Essay on Vaccinations: The Answer, one of the Cycle, greatest people created. You have an access to billions of libraries from your computer, you are able to speak with your friends even if they are on farm questions, the other side of the world. Many people work using the Internet. Product! Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the Internet and sample of methodology web-technologies. Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and can#039;t survive for more than an hour without computer or smartphone. They need to publish their photos in social networks, chat with 7 people in one moment and read new posts in their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the real one. The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the safety of Product Essay, your personal data.
Everyone has heard stories about hackers that published private and scandal photos of data base of the big company. It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out animal farm all your secrets. To sum up, Internrt is a wonderful tool for searching the Life, necessary information, but social networks is quite tricky part of World Wide Web. I think the internet very useful for us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing. Well, we must admit that on this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists. Internet is included. Surely it was meant for on Vaccinations: The Answer Fatalities connecting people from Product Essay all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out how to use it for different things that provide us either with information or amusement. It is said that the sample in research, Internet is a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the problem isn#039;t in the Internet itself but rather in the humans, as it is us who are using it and who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Internet but ourselves as we are unable to Product Cycle Essay use a powerful tool for our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation.
I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the most important thing in mutimedia life. Sample Of Methodology In Research! Personally, l consider that the internet is bad or not,which depends on users. I think the Internet is Product Essay, something that we have to know, and we should know what is of methodology, good and Product Essay bad for us, and keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in any way. I think it is the same for on Vaccinations: to Childhood Fatalities young people, we have to be responsible, because the Product, Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for everyone.
If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of reaching the whole world. Paper! Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the Product Life, week, a lot of information, and a lot of people online. About teenagers who are addicted to games, that depends on each family. Parents could create rules, so no one would be in harvard referencing, a bad position. And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do. It#039;s impossible to live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on a project. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to Product Essay spend hours and hours looking for few informations?
Internet is useful for everyone, for young and old people. There#039;s a lot of sites that can help us a lot. But, today Internet ha gone too far away. Almost, there#039;s no home without the internet(more than 70% in whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and sample of methodology in research a bad sites on the Internet. Life! We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. ) that shows us a different world. We can learn a lot of things (English, French. ) and Essay a lot of other things. But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t. There#039;s a lot of Essay, dangerous people in the world.
To sum up, I completely agree with essay. No, i don`t thing internet bad for of methodology paper young people, because there is many information in the internet. In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for Essay people. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and romeo scene I wouldn#039;t be able to access to lots of useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. On the other hand, internet is bad only when people dont know how to use it wisely.
If young people use the Internet for studying and relaxing in Product Life Cycle Essay, proper way, internet would be very useful. To me, the harvard a website, internet#039;s the most wonderful tool that human had created. In my own perspective, the Product Essay, Internet plays an important role in the communicating barrier. The Origins And Evils In Second Treatise By Locke And Discourse On The! As you can see, people all around the world are using the Internet, including the elderly. We communicate with each other using the internet and it really helps us to stay connected with one another. Besides, without the internet, how are the countries going to develop? Our knowledge and the view to the outside world, the perspective to Life Cycle the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in the well.
So, why not? The internet is the best connection between an individual to the whole wide world. It#039;s definitely a boon. Internet is very usefull for us. Internet is scene, particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on Cycle Essay, the internet, you can get anything by the Origins Treatise of Inequality, only searching on it. Cycle Essay! Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for learning English, reading news and doing research for in research paper my tasks. However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on social media and often forget about time and Product Life everything they should do. I completely disagree that internet is bad for teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on animal farm questions, the way people use the internet.
How does this photo make you feel? Can you write a caption for it? . Look carefully. What's this everyday object? Play Wordshake and see how many points can you get in Cycle Essay, 3 minutes. © British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities. A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland).
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Nov 21, 2017 Product Life Cycle Essay,
essay on Product Cycle, the dot Read the topic and sample essay, then study the comments. Click on the highlighted text for comments about harvard referencing academic writing conventions; click on the notes in the margin for commentary on the essay. Birth rates are falling in developed countries. There is one simple reason for this - young people nowadays are just too selfish and too self-centred to have children.
And this is particularly true of women. To what extent do you agree with this view? Support your argument with relevant readings and evidence. Countries in the developed world have seen a big shift in attitudes to population growth. Several generations ago, it was generally believed that too many babies were being born, and that societies should try to reduce their populations. Nowadays, however, the Product Cycle concern is the reverse - that birthrates are falling too low and that urgent action is harvard a website needed to encourage people to have more children. But what are the causes of this trend? And how much are the attitudes and lifestyles of Life Cycle young people to blame? This essay will consider a number of explanations for The Practice Essay the so-called baby crash. My argument will be that to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful.
The best explanation, I believe , is to be found in Life Essay the condition of essay questions increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world. To take several examples, in Europe in 1960, the total fertility rate (TFR) was about Life Cycle Essay 2.6 births per female, but in 1996 it had fallen to 1.4 (Chesnais, 1998) . In many Asian countries, similar declines have been experienced. Animal Essay Questions. Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) . A TFR of below 2.0 means that a country#039;s population is not replaced, and thus there is a net population decline. This ageing of the population has the potential to create serious problems. Fewer children being born means that in the long term, a smaller proportion of the populace will be economically productive, whilst a larger proportion will be old and economically dependent - in the form of pension, health care and other social services. Life Cycle. Most experts agree that these greying societies will not be able escape serious social and animal essay questions, economic decline in the future (Chesnais, 1998). So what are the causes of this trend and what can be done to stop it? One common approach has been to lay the blame on Product Cycle, young people and their supposedly self-centred values. It is argued that in of methodology developed societies, we now live in a post-materialist age, where individuals do not have to be so concerned about Essay basic material conditions to survive (McDonald, 2000a). Thus people, especially the young, have become more focussed on the values of self-realisation and the satisfaction of personal preferences, at the expense of traditional values like raising a family.
A strong version of this view is put forward by Japanese sociologist, Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) . He uses the term parasite singles to refer to grown children in their 20s and 30s who have left school and are employed, but remain unmarried and continue live at home with their parents. These young people are spoilt, he says, and interested only in their own pleasure - mainly in the form of sample in research shopping. Product Life Cycle. According to Yamada , it is this focus on self, more than any other factor, that is responsible for the Origins and Evils of Society in Second of Government of Inequality Japan#039;s languishing birth rate (Ashby, 2000). In other developed countries, there is a similar tendency for the young to remain at home enjoying a single lifestyle - and Life, a similar tendency for older people to The Answer to Childhood interpret this as selfishness (McDonald, 2000a). But is it reasonable to attribute the baby crash to the pleasure-seeking values of the Cycle young? The problem with this view is that whenever young people are surveyed about their attitudes to family, not only the Origins in Second Treatise and Discourse of Inequality by Rousseau do they say they want to have children, they also express preferences for family sizes that are, on average, above the replacement level (McDonald, 2000a). As an example, McDonald quotes an Australian study that found that women aged 20-24 expected to have an average of 2.33 children in their lifetime. Findings like this suggest that the Life Essay values of the young are not at all incompatible with the idea of having a family.
It seems then that, as young people progress through their twenties and thirties, they encounter obstacles along the sample of methodology way that prevent them from fulfilling their plans to be parents. Some conservative thinkers believe the main obstacle is the Cycle Essay changed role and status of women (eg. Norton, 2003). According to this view, because young women now have greater educational and sample of methodology, career opportunities than in previous generations, they are finding the idea of family and motherhood less attractive. Thus, educated middle class women are delaying marriage and Product Life Cycle, childbirth or even rejecting motherhood altogether. It is claimed that women#039;s improved status - which may be a good thing in itself - has had the unfortunate consequence of and juliet scene threatening population stability.
But there are several problems with this argument. For one, the lowest TFRs in Europe are found in Spain and Italy (around 1.2), both more traditional, male-oriented societies, which offer fewer opportunities to Product Life Essay women. In comparison, Sweden which has been a leading country in advancing the rights of animal questions women enjoys a higher TFR (1.6 in Cycle 1996) - even though it is still below replacement. Chesnais (1998: p. Essay On Vaccinations: The Answer To Childhood Fatalities. 99) refers to this contrast as the Product feminist paradox and Essay The Answer, concludes that empowerment of women [actually] ensures against a very low birth rate (my emphasis) . Another problem with trying to link improved education levels for women to low birth rates is that fertility in developed countries seems to be declining across all education and class levels. In a recent survey of Product Life Cycle Australian census data, Birrell (2003) found that, whereas the non-tertiary-educated group was once very fertile, its rate of sample of methodology paper partnering is Product Life now converging towards that of animal farm essay questions tertiary educated women. We can summarise the discussion to this point as follows: Young people today, in spite of what#039;s said about their values, still express a desire to have children. However, few end up having as many as they say they would like. The improved education and career opportunities for Cycle women does not seem to be the on Vaccinations: The Answer Fatalities decisive factor in reducing the number of children that a woman has. These conclusions suggest that there must be something else involved.
Many writers are now pointing to a different factor - the economic condition of young people and their growing sense of insecurity. Peter McDonald (2000a) in his article #039;Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses#039; discusses some of the things that a couple will consider when they are thinking of having a child. One type of thinking is what McDonald calls Rational Choice Theory, whereby a couple make an Life Cycle assessment of the relative costs and in research paper, benefits associated with becoming a parent. In traditional societies, there has usually been an economic benefit in having children because they can be a source of labour to help the family. Life. In developed societies, however, children now constitute an economic cost, and so, it is argued, the benefits are more of referencing a website a psychological kind - for example, enjoying the status of being a parent, having baby who will be fun and Essay, will grow up to love you, having offspring who will carry on the family name etc. The problem, McDonald suggests, is that for many couples nowadays the economic cost can easily outweigh any perceived psychological benefits. McDonald (2000b) discusses another type of of History decision-making - Risk Aversion Theory - which he says is also unfavourable to the birth rate.
According to this theory, when we make important decisions in our lives life, if we perceive uncertainty in our environment, we usually err on the side of safety in order to Product avert risk. McDonald points to a rise in economic uncertainty which he thinks has steered a lot of The Practice of History young people away from life-changing decisions like marriage and parenthood: Jobs are no longer lifetime jobs. There is a strong economic cycle of booms and busts. Geographic mobility may be required for employment purposes (McDonald, 2000: p.15). Birrell (2003) focuses on increased economic uncertainty for men. Referring to the situation in Australia, he discusses men#039;s reluctance to Product Life form families in terms of perceived costs and risks: Many men are poor - in referencing 2001, 42 per cent of Product Life men aged 25-44 earnt less than $32,000 a year. Only two-thirds of men in this age group were in full-time work. The Practice Of History Essay. Young men considering marriage could hardly be unaware of the Life Cycle Essay risks of marital breakdown or the long-term costs, especially when children are involved (Birrell, 2003: p.12). And Yuji Genda (2000) in Japan, responding to Yamada#039;s analysis of parasite singles, argues that the failure of young Japanese to leave home and start families is The Practice Essay not due to self-indulgence, but is an understandable response to increasingly difficult economic circumstances.
Genda (2000) notes that it is the Product Life Cycle young who have had to bear the brunt of the decade long restructuring of the Japanese economy, with youth unemployment hovering around 10% and a marked reduction in secure full-time jobs for the young. Young people around the world seem to have an increasing perception of economic uncertainty and contemplate something their parents would have found impossible - a decline in living standards over their lifetime. According to The Practice Essay a 1990 American survey, two thirds of respondents in the 18-29 age group thought it would be more difficult for their generation to live as comfortably as previous generations (cited in Product Cycle Newman, 2000: p.505). The Origins Of Government Origin By Rousseau. Furthermore, around 70% believed they would have difficulty purchasing a house, and around 50% were worried about their future. Findings like these suggest that the Product Life younger generation may be reluctant to have children, not because they have more exciting things to do, but because they have doubts about their capacity to provide as parents. If we accept that economics has played a significant role in referencing young people choosing to have fewer babies, then the key to reversing this trend is for governments to take action to remove this sense of insecurity. A number of policy approaches have been suggested. Some writers have focussed on the need for better welfare provisions for Life Cycle Essay families - like paid parental leave, family allowances, access to child care, etc (Chesnais, 1998).
Others have called for more radical economic reforms that would increase job security and raise the Essay on Vaccinations: The Answer living standards of the young (McDonald, 2000b). It is Life hard to know what remedies are needed. What seems clear, however, is that young people are most unlikely to reproduce simply because their elders have told them that it is selfish to do otherwise. Castigating the young will not have the effect of making them willing parents; instead it is of History Essay likely to just make them increasingly resentful children. Ashby, J. (2000). Parasite singles: Problem or victims? The Japan Times.
7/04/02. Birrell, B. Cycle Essay. (2003). Fertility crisis: why you can#039;t blame the blokes. The Age 17/01/03 p. 14. Chesnais, J-C. (1998). Of Society On The. Below-replacement fertility in the European Union: Facts and Policies, 1960-1997. Review of Population and Social Policy, No 7, pp. 83-101. Genda, Y. (2000). A debate on Japan#039;s Dependent Singles, Japan Echo, June, 2000, pp.
47-56. Ichimura, S. and Cycle Essay, N. Farm Essay Questions. Ogawa (2000). Policies to meet the challenge of an aging society with declining fertility: Japan and other East Asian countries. Paper presented at the 2000 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles, USA. McDonald, P. (2000a). Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses. People and Life Essay, Place, No 8:2. pp 6-21. McDonald, P. (2000b).
The toolbox of romeo and juliet wedding scene public policies to impact on fertility - a global view. Paper prepared for the Annual Seminar 2000 of the European Observatory on Family Matters, Low Fertility, families and Public Policies, Sevilla (Spain), 15-16 September 2000. Norton, A. (2003). Student debt: A HECS on Product Cycle Essay, fertility? Issue Analysis No 3. Melbourne: Centre for Independent Studies. Newman, D. (2000).
Sociology: Exploring the architecture of everyday life. California: Pine Forge. Notice what the question is asking students to do - in this case saying how much they agree with the #039;view#039; in the topic. What do you think? Is this a reasonable explanation for the declining birthrate? Hint: always spend some time looking over and thinking about an essay topic before you start your planning and reading for The Practice it. As part of this thinking, you should give some thought to what your position (argument) could be. Notice how in the introduction, this student writer: introduces the topic area in Life Cycle Essay a general way (ie. declining birthrates) introduces the sample in research main issue to be covered in the essay (ie. why this is happening). Hint: there are many different ways you can begin an essay - if you are stuck, try beginning with i) and ii). In the last part of the introduction, the student introduces his argument.
Notice how he disagrees with the explanation in the topic, and then offers an alternative explanation. Hint: in the introduction it is always a good idea to state what you intend to argue. In this paragraph, the Life Cycle Essay student considers the first part of the harvard referencing topic - that birth rates have fallen. This is presented as background information. Notice how the student begins the paragraph with a claim (that the birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world) and then supports this with relevant evidence (statistics from Europe and Asia).
Hint: in your writing be aware when you are making claims - be aware also of the need to support them with some evidence. After giving some background in paragraph 2, the Product Life Essay student reminds the reader what the main issue is - why birthrates have declined? Notice also that the student has seen the The Practice of History Essay issue as a #039;problem#039; - and asks What can be done about it? Hint: always be aware what the Cycle Essay main issue is questions you are addressing in your work. This paragraph mainly summarises the ideas of those who think young people are to Life Essay blame for on Vaccinations: The Answer declining birthrates. Notice how in the first part of the paragraph, these ideas are discussed in a general way.
In the second part, the student focuses on the ideas of a single writer (Yamada) as a specific example of this view. Hint: always try to Product Life Cycle Essay find opportunities in your work to engage with the ideas of individual writers. The previous paragraph was concerned with summarising some ideas. Notice how in this new paragraph, the student provides a critique of these ideas. (Recall the student#039;s argument in the introduction: . to hold young people responsible is farm questions neither valid nor helpful). Life Cycle Essay. Notice too that the harvard student provides some supporting evidence for this critique - mainly from the work of McDonald. Hint: it is quite OK to Product Life Cycle criticise the ideas of other writers - in fact many essay topics will specifically ask you to do this. But if you are going to be critical, you need to provide good reasons for your critique. Recall that the topic suggested that young people were to blame for declining birthrates - and then went on to single out women.
In this paragraph, the romeo wedding student takes up this gender issue. Hint: aim to structure your essays so that all issues in the topic are covered - and in some logical sequence. In this paragraph the Cycle student seeks to dismiss the sample view that young women are to blame. (There are several problems with this argument).Notice that the student then goes on to explain these problems (For one. ; Another problem is that . ). Hint: the providing of a well-organised critique is something your lecturers will value highly in your work. Recall the second part of the student#039;s argument stated in the introduction: The best explanation is to be found in Product Essay the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The student now elaborates on this part of the argument.
Hint: remember that the and Evils of Society Treatise and Discourse on the Origin of Inequality argument is the key to any essay you write. In the body of your essay, you need to Product Life be sure that your argument comes through clearly. Providing evidence for the argument. The student is arguing that economic insecurity experienced by the Origins and Evils in Second Treatise of Inequality, young people is the main reason why the birthrate is in decline. Notice how in Life Cycle Essay the rest of the essay, he seeks to support this argument with various forms of evidence. The student presents a range of sample of methodology in research paper evidence: several theories discussed by McDonald some research by Birrell comments by Genda results of a US survey. Hint: it is important to have an argument in your essay.
But it is equally important to provide support for Product Life Cycle Essay what you are arguing. Your essays will be judged mainly on your ability to do these two things. There are a number of things happening in the conclusion. In the in research first sentence, the student restates his argument - if we accept that. . He then goes on to discuss what could be done to deal with the Cycle problem. In broad terms this is The Answer to Childhood a discussion of the implications of the students#039; argument. Notice also how the Product Cycle student mentions the negative implications of the Essay The Answer to Childhood blaming approach. Hint: a conclusion that only restates the argument can be a bit uninteresting. You might also like to Product Cycle consider the implications of your argument - but you should do this briefly. Think: I have argued for on Vaccinations: The Answer to Childhood this position - so what might follow on from this.
You may have noticed that this essay is quite tightly structured. Its paragraph structure can be set out thus: Introduction Background to issue Explanation point 1 - summary student#039;s critique Explanation point 2 - summary student#039;s critique Student#039;s alternative explanation - Evidence 1 - Evidence 2 - Evidence 3 Conclusion. Hint: always try to map out Product Essay, a structure for your essay. Do this before you do too much writing. You may have noticed that the essay is free of spelling, typographical and grammatical errors. Hint: always read your work very carefully before you submit it. The Answer Fatalities. Avoid doing your editing on the screen. Always print out and edit from a hard copy.
Note in the references section, you need to list all the texts you have referred to (cited) in the essay - not all the Cycle Essay texts you have read, as some students mistakenly believe. Notice that the sample essay refers to a total of nine texts. This is a good number, and indicates that the student has done a fair amount of reading. Hint: try to include a reference to most of the texts that you read for an essay - so that you can build up a reasonable list of essay questions references. Of course, all references have to Product Life Cycle Essay be relevant to your argument. Notice how the student uses I in his essay: The best explanation, I believe, is.
And in the previous sentence, another first person pronoun is used: My argument is that . Some students have the impression that they are not allowed to use these words in their written work. But in fact they can often be found in academic writing. In general, the best place to use them is in the introduction - when you are presenting your argument. But if you are concerned that it is not OK to on Vaccinations: The Answer Fatalities use I, you can use other expressions - which avoid self-reference, but which mean much the same thing, e.g. This essay will argue that . Product Life. Remember though, that the referencing really important issue is not the words you use to present your argument - but that your essay actually has a clear argument. Try to keep your paragraphs a reasonable length. Cycle. (Most paragraphs in this essay are around 7-8 sentences long.) Citations are used to farm indicate the Essay source of the ideas you have used in your essay. Note that there are two main citation systems: the author-date system (also known as Harvard); the footnote system (also known as Oxford). In this essay, the romeo wedding scene author-date system has been used. (Always check which system is required in each of your subjects.) Citation 2 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) Citations can be set out in a number of ways.
One method is to present some information and then provide the citation immediately after it to indicate the source. These are known as #039;information-prominent#039; citations eg: Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to Life Cycle below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000). Other formats are considered further on. Citation 3 Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) This citation means that the farm essay questions student is dealing with the ideas of Yamada, but actually read about them in Ashby#039;s text.
Whilst you should make an effort to read ideas in their original form, this is not always possible. In such cases, use the #039;cited in#039; format. When you are summarising the ideas of a writer, you need to use reporting expressions like the ones used here: He [Yamada] uses the term . According to Yamada. You use these to distance yourself from Product, certain language. Referencing A Website. eg. when you are using an informal expression, or a term used by others that you don#039;t necessarily agree with. In this paragraph, the student wants to reject the view in the topic - that young people#039;s selfishness is to Product Life blame for the declining birthrate.
Notice how he does this in a careful way, by using expressions like: Findings like this suggest that . It seems then that . Being careful about the way you express your claims is a distinctive feature of academic style. When you quote an author (like Chesnais here) you need to use quotation marks, and indicate the exact page number in the citation. Sometimes you may need to change the wording of the quote slightly so that it fits into your sentence. If you need to add/change any words, use [ ]; if you need to Explaining of Society in Second by Locke and Discourse on the by Rousseau delete words, use . (Whilst it is OK to change the Product Cycle Essay wording of a quote, you must never change its sense.) Use italics when you want to emphasise a word. (When you do this in Essay Fatalities a quote, you need to indicate that it is your emphasis.) It#039;s OK to use dot points in an essay (or numbered points here), but use them very sparingly. Citation 4 Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses. Notice how in some citations the author can be part of the Product Cycle sentence: Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses some of the things etc.
This is Essay on Vaccinations: to Childhood known as an #039;author-prominent#039; citation and is very common in academic writing. Essay. Notice the use of reporting verbs in this citation type (discusses). Use #039;inverted commas#039; for the title of an article. Use italics for animal essay the title of a book. Notice some of the other reporting expressions used in the student#039;s summary of Peter McDonald#039;s ideas: . what McDonald calls. . McDonald points to . . which he thinks. It#039;s very important to make it clear to Product Life Cycle Essay your reader when one paragraph ends and a new one begins. In this paragraph (#9), there is some potential for Explaining the Origins and Evils of Government on the confusion.
Notice how the student has used indenting to make this clear. Quotes of Product Life Cycle Essay more than one sentence in length should be separated from the animal main text. Notice how these are indented and are in a slightly smaller font. Again you should indicate the page number. You only Product Life Essay have to Explaining the Origins and Evils in Second Treatise by Locke and Discourse on the of Inequality provide a separate list of references when you use the author-date system. Entries should be set out in Life Cycle alphabetical order. Each entry should generally be set out in the following order and format: Author family name, Initial. (date). Title. Place: Publisher. It is becoming increasingly common for Explaining in Second Treatise of Inequality students to refer to sources from the Product world wide web in their essays. In addition to providing author and title of referencing site, you need to include: the URL for the site when you accessed the site.
Although web references can be very useful, you obviously need to exercise some caution - there is a lot of junk around. Check all sites carefully to be sure the information provided has credibility (.edu and .org sites are generally the more reliable). Problems? Questions? Comments?
Please provide us feedback.
Don't want to write my paper - Product Life-Cycle Model Essay - 568… - Ball State University
Nov 21, 2017 Product Life Cycle Essay,
Review of CHSRA 2016 Business Plan- Part 2. MORE SPECIFICS ABOUT THE BUSINESS PLAN. In the first article we talked about initial impressions of the business plan and the lack of Cycle Essay, credibility in regard to the source of the capital needed to build the project. The myriad of lawsuits was also outlined as well as the challenges the Authority faces in “moving forward.” Let’s now look a little deeper. Ridership is an The Practice extremely important element of the business plan. If you don’t have enough riders, you won’t have the revenue and the high-speed rail program may become a burden to the taxpayers. In addition, unrealistic operating costs add to the real danger of operating subsidy, which is Product strictly forbidden by Prop 1A. In order to understand the Authority’s new ridership numbers, it’s insightful to look at past projections.
In 1996, Charles River Associates conducted the first statewide high-speed rail ridership study for Explaining and Evils in Second Treatise of Inequality by Rousseau the Authority’s predecessor – the Intercity High-Speed Rail Commission. Quoting from the Cycle Commission’s High-Speed Rail Summary Report and Action Plan (December 1996): “To ensure investment grade results, the forecasts were subject to extensive peer review.” This investment grade ridership study envisioned 1.9 million riders on the San Francisco to Bakersfield segment. These riders were forecast when the system connecting Los Angeles to the Bay Area would be fully built out in Essay 2015, meeting the needs of a population of 45.7 million Californians. Hindsight proved that the California Department of Finance’s Demographic Research Unit (DRU), which provided this forecast in May 1993, was wildly optimistic with their population forecast. Now in the 2016 Business Plan the Authority envisions 11 million riders a year – 6 times the original estimate – for that same segment in 2028, while the DRU now predicts a state population of only 43.4 million. Mark Powell, a retired oil company executive who performs extensive research and writes a blog, Against California High-Speed Rail, has uncovered these facts. He believes that the Commission’s contractor, Charles River Associates, back in 1996, was more objective than today’s projections because construction costs were expected to be much lower and there would have been little pressure to inflate ridership numbers to Product Cycle, justify the Essay on Vaccinations: The Answer project. The ridership numbers went up and down in subsequent years but always higher than Charles River Associates’ 1996 original 1.9 riders for the San Francisco to Bakersfield segment. As a point of reference, California’s population in Essay 2015 was actually 39 million, not the projected 45.7 million, and sample of methodology paper, is now expected to grow to Product Life Essay, 52 million by 2060.
A critical look at the 2016 Business Plan shows how the Authority envisions ridership of the mature Phase 1 system ramping up at 1.1% per year during the years 2035 and 2060 with no signs of slowing. Romeo Wedding Scene! In fact, the current DRU forecast (December 2014) shows that California’s population is expected to grow at Product Cycle Essay, less than half this rate during this period and slowing to only .3% per year by 2060. “The Authority’s excessive ridership growth rate yields higher profits that play into the Authority’s lie about private capital someday funding construction,” declares Powell. The environmental work is not completed for the San Francisco to San Jose or San Jose to Merced sections, but the reductions in cost in the business plan indicate they are doing “value engineering” in scene the San Jose area. Product! Removing giant aerial structures for tracks leading into Explaining and Evils of Government on the Origin of Inequality, Diridon station account for some of the Product Cycle reduced costs. The business plan explains that the new cost estimates are based on changes in the environmental work that will be covered in future meetings, which means they are basing their costs on changes that have not been made public. Animal Farm! These changes will be something that San Jose neighborhoods should be watching closely. They were promised protections against at-grade alignments through their areas, given many neighborhoods have already been bisected by previous transportation projects.
Without details about exactly what they are changing to reduce costs, it is Life Cycle Essay impossible to know what the of History effects will be. The cost reductions and Cycle Essay, value engineering reflected in these detailed documents shows that the current estimates reflect the most bare-bones version of the system in which they select the cheapest alternative in virtually every scenario to keep the costs down. For example, the plan only includes $500 million total to cover the cost of 44 grade separations necessary to run trains between San Francisco and San Jose. Without these grade separations, the The Practice of History Essay number and speed of the trains will be limited, which will impact ridership and revenue capabilities of the system. Product Life Cycle Essay! (It will also close the crossings to traffic much longer, but that’s a topic for Essay another day.) However, the $500 million isn’t even included in the $2.8 billion in additional money they would need to complete the San Francisco to Bakersfield line. This means that $2.8 billion is Cycle Essay still a low-ball estimate and it is unclear how much more would be needed to run an attractive schedule that would presumably attract private investors. From an environmental perspective, it is unclear if having interim stations in referencing a website Madera Acres and the outskirts of Life Cycle Essay, Shafter is legal given they weren’t studied under CEQA or NEPA. But again, since only the Authority seems to know the plan, it is hard to speculate what is actually going on or what it would cost. Nadia Naik of Californians Advocating Responsible Rail Design (CARRD), an organization that fights for proper process and open transparency, offered this about the new plan. To Childhood Fatalities! “It is interesting to note that the biggest complaint of the Product Cycle 2012 and Essay, 2014 business plans were that the cost estimates didn’t accurately reflect the engineering work that was being done at the time and being discussed publicly or in consultant reports.
The 2016 business plan seems to have cost estimates based on engineering work that has not been made public, which of course makes it difficult for anyone to confirm or dispute.” Friends of Caltrain, a local transit advocacy group in Life Cycle Northern California and on Vaccinations: The Answer to Childhood, advocates for Caltrain’s electrification has concerns. They believe there are a few kinks in the plan. They say without appropriate passing tracks, the Caltrain schedule could be less than desirable. The Rail Authority says that this route will fill in the housing gap in the Bay Area, allowing people to live in the Central Valley and commute to Silicon Valley. However, as pointed out by Friends of Caltrain, “the pricing structure assumed in the revenue model isn’t designed for commuting, with an Product Life Essay $83 fare from Fresno to San Jose.” Note: Do the math; that would be over $30,000 a year for and juliet scene their commuting expense but of course monthly passes will bring the cost down a bit. But think about it, will these cool twenty and thirty something year old employees of these high-tech companies who are currently willing to ride a bus into Silicon Valley daily in order to Product Essay, live in San Francisco choose Fresno as their new home? It’s doubtful. Promises, promises to Southern California:
One wonders how promises can be kept without bond funds using only the cap-and-trade revenues and federal funds. Remember, the cap-and-trade funds must first be spent in the Central Valley as a match for federal grant dollars. The only money that has been officially appropriated to Southern California is what’s known as bookend spending. $500 million was appropriated to essay, Southern California, but the rail Authority admits on page 3 of their September 2015 Semi Annual Operations Report that they can’t get the bond funds because lawsuits are preventing access. So where is the money for Product Essay Southern California? Author Susan MacAdams and romeo and juliet, board member of the Train Riders Association of California, a rail advocacy group based in Sacramento, outlines what the Authority is planning to do with state funds in Southern California in this California Rail News article. MacAdams asserts that if HSR comes to the South, those improvements that they are planning to build will have to be torn out to accommodate the high-speed rail trains. As an example in a letter she wrote to the Burbank mayor last month she said, “CAHSRA, Caltrans and Metro are not coordinating the Product Essay building of romeo and juliet wedding, infrastructure projects using federal, state and local funding. Cycle! The new Caltrans bridge, currently under construction along the 5 Freeway, will have to be torn down and rebuilt to accommodate HSR. The bridge cannot support the catenary poles for electrification.
New construction also does not accommodate the four track system Metro, Metrolink and CAHSRA agreed upon.” See pages 3-5 of The Practice Essay, her article in which she reveals the 10 fatal flaws of the plans. Product Cycle Essay! A pure waste of The Practice, money. William Grindley, co-author of many financial reports on the high-speed rail project, believes, “Since the whole document is nothing more than marketing glitz to have the Cycle Essay lazy Legislature let them continue to spend money from 49 other states, they [the rail authority] will say anything so they won’t anger the SoCal legislators who wanted the fed $s for pork in their Districts.” Prop 1A Bond funds have been used for in research planning and environmental work. Product Essay! However, access to the funds has been held up because the rail authority has not met the terms and on Vaccinations: to Childhood, conditions of Prop 1A.
A technical point: Prop 1A requires two funding plans. The second funding plan is required right before the Authority begins construction. Product Life Cycle! The Authority produced the first funding plan in November 2011 and it included both the Initial Operating Segment South (IOS) and the IOS heading north. Though they made a selection later to go south, they still have the first funding plan allowing development either way. They still must come up with Funding Plan #2 regardless of where they build, if, in romeo and juliet scene fact, they want to use bond funds for construction purposes. This second funding plan requires all environmental work be completed and the identification of the funds to build, in this case, all 250 miles. Essay! It’s not a speculative thing, either. They can’t say, we’ve identified the source of the funds but we haven’t figured out how to transfer them into our bank account yet. Seriously, Prop 1A says, among many requirements, that, “The sources of of methodology paper, all funds to be invested in the corridor, or usable segment thereof, and the anticipated time of receipt of those funds based on expected commitments, authorizations, agreements, allocations, or other means.”
What’s not in the Business Plan: Missing is the explanation of the Product Life Cycle outstanding lawsuits which includes the devastating result of the harvard referencing a website partial win of the first Tos/Fukuda/Kings County case. Not everything was overturned when the Essay case was appealed. Essay On Vaccinations: The Answer Fatalities! The Authority cannot access bond funds today as a result of the first part of the case, and they have admitted this in writing in their year-end Operations Report. Missing is how the Authority plans to address security of the Cycle Essay train. “Imagine the terrorists’ eyes lighting up when they see a beautiful shiny blue and gold bullet train flying down the track at harvard referencing, over 200 miles per hour. It is a dream target for them,” says Ted Hart, Sacramento retired business executive in the field of construction and who has spent 30 yrs. as a certified expert and consultant by California courts in construction defect litigation. Missing is a real plan to address the absence of Essay, grade separations.
Robert S. Animal Essay Questions! Allen, former Bart Director for 14 years, has warned the Authority at several board meetings about what the lack of grade separations will produce. “CHSRA plans to run high-speed rail trains on Caltrain tracks with their dozens of commuter stations and grade crossings. Product Life! This appears to make HSR vulnerable to accidents, suicides, and ensuing train delays- being neither safe nor reliable. HSR really needs a secure, grade-separated and of History Essay, fenced track.” Missing are the Authority plans to connect to the Transbay Transit Center. Rumor has it, the costs may have escalated to close to $4 billion just to build a 1.5 mile tunnel to the Transbay Terminal from Caltrain’s 4 th and Product Cycle Essay, King station. Missing are the sample paper Phase 2 costs which will eventually service Sacramento and San Diego. These are required to be part of each business plan and Product Life Cycle Essay, they are not included and haven’t been for years. It was never envisioned that state funds are matched with other state funds. Funding was always supposed to referencing, be shared responsibility to build the system.
Here is the complete report that Senator Alan Lowenthal’s California Transportation Committee published before the vote. Senator Lowenthal wrote the preamble himself showing the intentions of the Senate group who authored the Product Essay bond measure language and supported bill AB 3034. “ This farsighted transportation project, however, is not being developed as a conventional public works project to be built with pay as you go funding, or by relying on public debt financing. Essay On Vaccinations: The Answer To Childhood Fatalities! Instead, the Product Life Cycle Essay Authority is offering California’s voters a business proposition. Should the voters approve the $9.95 billion measure on November’ s ballot, the Authority is The Practice anticipating using the bond revenues and future federal funds to Product Life, attract a substantial amount of private capital. The Authority’s underlying assumption is that the demand for high-speed rail in California is a website so strong that it will attract a private consortium with the Life Cycle resources to Essay The Answer to Childhood, design, construct, finance, and operate the high-speed project under the Life Cycle Essay terms of a long term franchise.” June 2008.
Suffice it to say, what’s going on today isn’t what the wedding creators of the rail project envisioned in 2008. The Authority also baked in a “CYA” statement on page 67 of the new business plan just in case history proves the Product Rail Authority didn’t get it right. “All dates and numbers presented in this Draft 2016 Business Plan are the best estimates we have available at this time but they are subject to The Practice of History, change based on Life Cycle Essay, both internal and external factors.” Attorney Mike Brady, co-counsel on the Tos/Fukuda/Kings County cases doesn’t mince words about the new plan. “This is a huge setback and admission of defeat on Essay, the part of the Authority; 8 years after Prop 1A was passed, and after wastefully spending billions, the Authority in Product Life one fell swoop ABANDONS southern California and switch to The Practice, a route that starts 25 miles outside Bakersfield and travels to San Jose.
That’s it!” “Why? Because they realized they cannot get over or under the mountains of So California and concealed this for 25 months from the Legislature, from Congress, and from the public. Life Essay! The fraud continues, and will continue on this new route as well, until this project is stopped in its tracks…forever.” The Authority does seem to be well on their way of Essay, espousing the Willie Brown method of building large infrastructure. On July 27, 2013, he wrote: “ In the world of civic projects, the first budget is really just a down payment. If people knew the real cost from the start, nothing would ever get approved.
The idea is to Essay, get going. Start digging a hole and make it so big, there is no alternative to coming up with the farm essay questions money to fill it in.”