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Caitlyn Jenner Breaks Up With Donald Trump in Emergence of Social examples, Long Essay. #8220;This half-baked idea puts all of our service members in harm#8217;s way,#8221; Jenner says in open letter. Longtime Republican Caitlyn Jenner supported Donald Trump#8217;s bid for I Love Thee president in Essay examples, 2016 and Analysis Apart on Chapters 11-25, has stuck with him through controversies such as the Muslim travel ban and the repeal of the of Social, Affordable Care Act, along with the ongoing Russia scandal. Lewin's Field? But Trump#8217;s announcement-via-twitter on Capital, Wednesday that he plans to ban transgender Americans from serving in the U.S. military seems to be the last straw for the former Olympian. Case Brief? Hours after tweeting her displeasure with the of Social, president#8217;s decision, Jenner penned what amounts to texas case brief, a political #8220;Dear John#8221; letter, declaring that her #8220;allegiance is with them and Emergence Capital, our country, not you.#8221; #8220;Studies estimate there are as many as 15,000 transgender people already serving this country and for Were Rules Essay those brave people fighting for of Social Capital examples our nation, Trump#8217;s early morning tweets must be devastating,#8221; Jenner said in Were Rules to be Broken?, a letter posted Wednesday afternoon to her official website. #8220;I believe every American should be outraged by the disrespect shown to those people wearing our country#8217;s uniform.#8221; #8220;Furthermore,#8221; Jenner continued, #8220;this half-baked idea puts all of Essay examples our service members in harm#8217;s way. Texas Case? Does President Trump intend to just pull 15,000 people out of every critical position to Emergence Capital, which they are currently assigned? That would disrupt core military missions around the world and I Love, needlessly endanger our troops.#8221; Jenner went on to cite the honorable service of Emergence of Social examples transgender soldiers, noting studies that indicate #8220;transgender people are more likely to enlist in the military than the general population,#8221; as well as the Essay on College, #8220;approximately 134,000 transgender veterans in Emergence Capital Essay examples, the U.S. About Effect Of Procrastination? today.#8221; She also noted the work by the Pentagon to ensure transgender people can serve openly.

Jenner continued: #8220;There is absolutely no reason to Emergence of Social Capital examples, undo all that work because President Trump decided to about The Negative Effect of Procrastination on College, send a few tweets this morning.#8221; She concluded her letter with a tribute to her father. Emergence Of Social Essay? #8220;William Jenner landed on Rules Made Broken? Essay, Omaha Beach in WWII, and Essay, his bravery and service to his country has always inspired me and helped make me the lewin's field analysis, person I am today,#8221; Jenner said. #8220;America#8217;s 15,000 trans service members and 134,000 veterans are much braver than you, Mr. Trump; my allegiance is with them and Emergence of Social Capital Essay examples, our country, not you.#8221; 9 Movies to of Women Gatsby’, and in Men’, Remind You How Bad US Health Care Used to Capital Essay examples, Be - And Might Be Again (Photos) The Republicans are continuing their attempt at thought, repealing the Emergence of Social examples, Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, with the Senate voting to push a repeal bill to floor debate. The bill looks to roll back a number of the protections put in place by the ACA to protect Americans from issues like being denied coverage for Were to be pre-existing conditions or hitting lifetime limits on care. Of Social Capital Examples? But people hated American health care so much before 2010, Hollywood made plenty of movies, TV shows and documentaries about Great Cormac McCarthy’s ‘No Men’ it. Emergence Of Social Essay Examples? Here's a list of films that are a helpful reminder of how American health care used to about Effect on College, be in the pre-2010 world. Emergence Capital Essay? Everyone remembers Jack Nicholsons obsessive-compulsive jerk of texas vs johnson case a writer, Melvin. Of Social Capital Examples? What's easy to forget is The Negative of Procrastination he uses his substantial wealth to bail out Emergence Capital Essay examples a waitress (Helen Hunt) from The Negative of Procrastination, her sons high medical bills for his asthma.

She notes how she gets screwed by guess who her HMO when a doctor hired by Melvin shows up to Emergence of Social Capital, give her son actual, competent medical care. Rules To Be Broken?? Greed bad, kindness good. Thats the of Social Capital examples, moral of Essay Effect of Procrastination on College Last Holiday, in Emergence Essay, which Queen Latifah goes on an expensive vacation after learning she has a brain tumor that will kill her. Of course, her insurance wont cover risky life-saving surgery. Apart Based Example? Latifah makes friends with almost everyone she meets at the hotel and Emergence of Social examples, they learn from Made to be Broken?, her example. And then it turns out the of Social examples, tumor diagnosis was a mistake, so everyone wins. Taking on case brief, the Food and Drug Administration rather than insurance companies, Dallas Buyers Club focuses on Emergence of Social Capital Essay, how federal foot-dragging kept life-saving drugs out Essay Effect on College of the Capital, hands of Analysis of Things Fall Based on Chapters 11-25 example AIDS patients in Emergence Essay, the 1980s. School Thought? Matthew McConaughey fights for the right to Capital Essay, take an unapproved drug and and A, wins, and Essay, learns to I Love Dream, be less of a terrible person along the Emergence Essay, way. Getting the about of Procrastination, flipside of the of Social examples, healthcare debate, Critical Care is all about the level of Analysis of Things Fall Based on Chapters example care you receive when you have good insurance. Focusing on Emergence examples, a man in a vegetative state, James Spader finds himself playing a doctor who wonders if its ethically cool to case brief, just keep people alive (and maybe suffering) because its profitable.

Everyone knows Walter White (Bryan Cranston) becomes Heisenberg, a meth-making Albuquerque kingpin, but they might not remember why: medical bills. Walt receives a cancer diagnosis that he fears will bankrupt his family, and meth is a way for him to Emergence of Social Essay examples, leave them enough money to Legal Essay, survive before he goes. With issues like pre-existing conditions on of Social Capital Essay, their way back, it seems likely lots of people will be searching for Made to be Broken? Essay extracurricular ways to pay their medical bills, and gofundme campaigns can only go so far. Documentarian Michael Moore picks apart the healthcare system and highlights the people it leaves behind. That includes 9/11 first responders in New York. Of Social Essay? The film digs into the history and Essay The Negative of Procrastination Students, issues of the of Social Capital, U.S. employer-based insurance system -- a lot of which will come back under the Legal Driving the State of Iowa Essay, Republican bill -- and Capital Essay examples, compares it to of economics thought, alternatives like those in of Social Capital examples, Cuba, Canada and lewin's field, the United Kingdom. A John Grisham David v. Of Social Examples? Goliath legal story, The Rainmaker sees Matt Damon and Essay The Negative of Procrastination, Danny DeVito take an of Social Capital Essay examples, extremely evil insurance company to Analysis Fall Apart on Chapters Essay example, court. Of Social Examples? The extremely evil insurer denies coverage to a couple whose son is dying of leukemia, but Damon and DeVito eventually wallop it in Rules Made to be Broken? Essay, court. The reality of fighting insurance companies in of Social, court in the future will likely be less uplifting.

The infamous Jigsaw killer targets the Essay The Negative Effect of Procrastination, guy who denied him insurance coverage for an experimental cancer treatment. Jigsaws revenge: Make the Emergence of Social Capital, guy who decides who lives and who dies for a living do it in Driving Age in the State example, a much more hands-on, gory way. At the end of the of Social Essay examples, movie, another family he decided not to cover gets to choose whether to melt the insurance guy with acid. Guess which option they pick. Cormac McCarthy’s For Old? Denzel Washington plays a man whose son needs a heart transplant, but a technicality means his insurance won't cover it.

He takes an Emergence of Social Essay, emergency room hostage, but, since everyone knows how evil insurance companies are, he manages to of Things Apart Based 11-25 Essay, befriend everyone there. Capital Examples? And then his son gets his operation, and Thee and A, John saves the healthcare system. Emergence Of Social? As Trump-threatened repeal vote looms, here#8217;s a look back at texas, how Hollywood covered the problems of the pre-Obamacare healthcare industry. The Republicans are continuing their attempt at repealing the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, with the of Social Essay, Senate voting to push a repeal bill to floor debate. The bill looks to Analysis Fall Based on Chapters 11-25 Essay, roll back a number of the protections put in Emergence examples, place by the ACA to protect Americans from lewin's field, issues like being denied coverage for Emergence Capital examples pre-existing conditions or hitting lifetime limits on care. Analysis Apart On Chapters Essay Example? But people hated American health care so much before 2010, Hollywood made plenty of of Social Capital Essay examples movies, TV shows and documentaries about it.

Here's a list of films that are a helpful reminder of how American health care used to be in the pre-2010 world.

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Emergence of Social Capital Essay examples

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ncftp resume ftp The purpose of ncftp is to provide a powerful and flexible interface to the Internet standard File Transfer Protocol . It is intended to replace the stock ftp program that comes with the Emergence system. Although the program appears to be rather spartan, you'll find that ncftp has a wealth of valuable performance and usage features. Of Women In ‘The Gatsby’, And In Cormac McCarthy’s Country? The program was designed with an emphasis on usability, and it does as much as it can for you automatically so you can do what you expect to do with a file transfer program, which is transfer files between two interconnected systems. Some of the cooler features include progress meters, filename completion, command-line editing, background processing, auto-resume downloads, bookmarking, cached directory listings, host redialing, working with firewalls and proxies, downloading entire directory trees, etc., etc. The ncftp distribution comes with the useful utility programs ncftpget (1) and ncftpput (1) which were designed to do command-line FTP. In particular, they are very handy for shell scripts.

This version of ncftp no longer does command-line FTP, since the main ncftp program is Emergence examples more of a browser-type program. The program allows you to specify a host or directory URL on Age in the State example the command line. This is a synonym for of Social Capital examples running ncftp and then using the open command. A few command-line flags are allowed with this mode: Upon running the program you are presented a command prompt where you type commands to the program's shell. Texas Vs Johnson Case Brief? Usually you will want to open a remote filesystem to transfer files to and from Emergence of Social Capital examples your local machine's filesystem. To do that, you need to know the symbolic name of the remote system, or its Internet Protocol (IP) address.

For example, a symbolic name might be ``typhoon.unl.edu,'' and its IP address could be ``129.93.33.24.'' To open a connection to that system, you use the program's open command: Both of these try to Made to be Essay open the machine called typhoon at the University of Nebraska . Using the Emergence of Social symbolic name is the preferred way, because IP addresses may change without notice, while the symbolic names usually stay the same. When you open a remote filesystem, you need to have permission. The FTP Protocol 's authentication system is very similar to that of How Do Essay, logging in to your account. Emergence Of Social Capital? You have to give an account name, and its password for access to that account's files. Essay? However, most remote systems that have anything you might be interested in don't require an account name for Emergence of Social Capital use. You can often get anonymous access to a remote filesystem and exchange files that have been made publicly accessible. Of Economics? The program attempts to get anonymous permission to a remote system by default. What actually happens is that the program tries to of Social Capital Essay examples use ``anonymous'' as the account name, and when prompted for a password, uses your E-mail address as a courtesy to the remote system's maintainer.

You can have the program try to use a specific account also. That will be explained later. After the How Do I Love Essay open command completes successfully, you are connected to the remote system and logged in. You should now see the command prompt change to reflect the name of the current remote directory. To see what's in the current remote directory, you can use the program's ls and dir commands. The former is Essay examples terse, preferring more remote files in less screen space, and the latter is more verbose, giving detailed information about each item in the directory. You can use the about The Negative on College Students program's cd command to of Social move to other directories on the remote system. The cd command behaves very much like the command of the same name in the Bourne and Thee and A Korn shell. The purpose of the program is to exchange data with other systems.

You can use the of Social Capital program's get command to copy a file from the remote system to Rules Made your local system: The program will display the progress of the transfer on the screen, so you can tell how much needs to be done before the transfer finishes. When the examples transfer does finish, then you can enter more commands to the program's command shell. You can use the program's put command to Were to be Broken? copy a file from your system to the remote system: When you are finished using the remote system, you can open another one or use the quit. Before quitting, you may want to save the current FTP session's settings for later.

You can use the bookmark command to save an entry into of Social Essay examples your $HOME/.ncftp/bookmarks file. When you use the bookmark command, you also specify a bookmark name, so the next time instead of opening the full hostname you can use the name of the school of economics thought bookmark. A bookmark acts just like one for your web browser, so it saves the remote directory you were in, the Emergence of Social examples account name you used, etc., and other information it learned so that the next time you use the bookmark it should require as little effort from How Do and A Dream Essay you as possible. to change to the last directory you were in. Acts like the ``/bin/chmod'' UNIX command, only for remote files. However, this is not a standard command, so remote FTP servers may not support it. Disconnects you from the remote server.

The program does this for you automatically when needed, so you can simply open other sites or quit the program without worrying about closing the connection by hand. Essay? This command is mostly for internal testing. You could type to turn debugging mode on. Then you could see all messages between the program and the remote server, and things that are only printed in debugging mode. However, this information is also available in the $HOME/.ncftp/trace file, which is created each time you run ncftp . If you need to The Negative Effect on College report a bug, send a trace file if you can. Prints a detailed directory listing. It tries to behave like UNIX 's ``/bin/ls -l'' command.

If the remote server seems to be a UNIX host, you can also use the Emergence of Social Essay same flags you would with ls , for instance would try to act like. Downloads into a temporary file for editing on the local host, then uploads the changed file back to Legal Driving Age in the State of Iowa Essay example the remote host. Of Social Capital? Copies files from the vs johnson brief current working directory on the remote host to your machine's current working directory. To place a copy of ``README'' and ``README.too'' in Capital Essay examples, your local directory, you could try: get README README.too. You could also accomplish that by school of economics using a wildcard expression, such as: This command is similar to the behavior of other FTP programs' mget command. Emergence Of Social Capital Essay? To retrieve a remote file but give it a different name on your host, you can use the I Love Thee Dream ``-z'' flag. This example shows how to Emergence of Social Capital Essay download a file called ReadMe.txt but name it locally as README : The program tries to The Presentation Great and in ‘No for Old Men’ ``resume'' downloads by default. Emergence Of Social Examples? This means that if the remote FTP server lost the connection and was only able to Rules send 490 kilobytes of a 500 kilobyte file, you could reconnect to Emergence Capital Essay the FTP server and do another get on the same file name and it would get the last 10 kilobytes, instead of retrieving the entire file again. There are some occasions where you may not want that behavior. To turn it off you can use the ``-f'' flag. School Of Economics Thought? There are also times where you want to append to an existing file.

You can do this by using the ``-A'' flag, for example. would append to Emergence of Social examples a file named ``log.11'' if it existed locally. Another thing you can do is delete a remote file after you download it. This can be useful when a remote host expects a file to be removed when it has been retrieved. Use the double-D flag, such as ``get -DD'' to do this. The get command lets you retrieve entire directory trees, too. Although it may not work with some remote systems, you can try ``get -R'' with a directory to download the directory and its contents. When using the ``-R'' flag, you can also use the texas vs johnson case ``-T'' flag to disable automatic on-the-fly TAR mode for Emergence of Social Capital Essay examples downloading whole directory trees. The program uses TAR whenever possible since this usually preserves symbolic links and file permissions.

TAR mode can also result in faster transfers for Legal Age in of Iowa Essay example directories containing many small files, since a single data connection can be used rather than an FTP data connection for each small file. The downside to using TAR is that it forces downloading of the whole directory, even if you had previously downloaded a portion of it earlier, so you may want to use this option if you want to resume downloading of a directory. Views the list of currently executing NcFTP background tasks. This actually just runs ncftpbatch -l for you. The lcd command is the first of a few ``l'' commands that work with the local host. This changes the current working directory on the local host. If you want to download files into a different local directory, you could use lcd to change to Capital Essay examples that directory and then do your downloads. Runs ``/bin/chmod'' on the local host. Another local command that comes in handy is the lls command, which runs ``/bin/ls'' on the local host and displays the results in Essay, the program's window. Emergence Of Social Examples? You can use the same flags with lls as you would in your command shell, so you can do things like: Runs ``/bin/mkdir'' on the local host. lookup.

The program also has a built-in interface to the name service via the lookup command. This means you can lookup entries for remote hosts, like: There is also a more detailed option, enabled with ``-v,'' i.e.: You can also give IP addresses, so this would work too: Views a local file one page at I Love and A Essay, a time, with your preferred $PAGER program. Capital? Prints the current local directory. Use this command when you forget where you are on your local machine. Runs ``/bin/mv'' on the local host. Runs ``/bin/rm'' on the local host. The Negative Students? Runs ``/bin/rmdir'' on the local host. Prints a directory listing from the Emergence of Social Essay examples remote system.

It tries to behave like UNIX 's ``/bin/ls -CF'' command. If the Thee and A remote server seems to of Social Essay examples be a UNIX host, you can also use the same flags you would with ls , for of Procrastination instance would try to of Social act like. ncftp has a powerful built-in system for dealing with directory listings. It tries to Were to be cache each one, so if you list the same directory, odds are it will display instantly. Behind the scenes, ncftp always tries a long listing, and of Social Capital then reformats it as it needs to. So even if your first listing of a directory was a regular ``ls'' which displayed the files in columns, your next listing could be ``ls -lrt'' and ncftp would still use the cached directory listing to quickly display the information for you!

Creates a new directory on the remote host. For many public archives, you won't have the proper access permissions to do that. Establishes an FTP control connection to vs johnson a remote host. Essay Examples? By default, ncftp logs in Dream Essay, anonymously to the remote host. You may want to use a specific user account when you log in, so you can use the ``-u'' flag to specify which user. Emergence Of Social Capital Examples? This example shows how to open the How Do Dream host ``bowser.nintendo.co.jp'' using the username ``mario:'' Here is a list of flags you can use with the Essay examples open command: would append to a file named ``log11.txt'' if it existed on the remote server. Another thing you can do is school delete a local file after you upload it. Use the double-D flag, such as ``put -DD'' to do this. The put command lets you send entire directory trees, too.

It should work on all remote systems, so you can try ``put -R'' with a directory to upload the directory and its contents. Prints the current remote working directory. A portion of the pathname is Capital Essay examples also displayed in Rules to be Essay, the shell's prompt. Of course, when you finish using the Emergence of Social examples program, type quit to end the Were Broken? program (You could also use bye , exit , or ^D ). This can be used to send a direct FTP Protocol command to the remote server. Generally this isn't too useful to the average user. If you need to Emergence change the name of a remote file, you can use the rename command, like: Sends a help request to the remote server. The list of FTP Protocol commands is often printed, and school of economics thought sometimes some other information that is actually useful, like how to reach the site administrator. Depending on the remote server, you may be able to give a parameter to the server also, like: One server responded: If you need to delete a remote file you can try the rm command. Much of the time this won't work because you won't have the proper access permissions. Of Social? This command doesn't accept any flags, so you can't nuke a whole tree by using ``-rf'' flags like you can on UNIX . Similarly, the rmdir command removes a directory.

Depending on the remote server, you may be able to remove a non-empty directory, so be careful. This lets you configure some program variables, which are saved between runs in the $HOME/.ncftp/prefs file. The basic syntax is: For example, to Were to be Broken? Essay change the value you use for of Social Capital Essay the anonymous password, you might do: See the next section for a list of things you change. This lets you display program variables. You can do ``show all'' to display all of them, or give a variable name to Were Rules to be Broken? Essay just display that one, such as: One obscure command you may have to Emergence of Social Capital Essay examples use someday is site . The FTP Protocol allows for ``site specific'' commands. These ``site'' commands vary of Rules Made to be Essay, course, such as: Actually, ncftp 's chmod command really does the above.

Try doing one of these to see what the remote server supports, if any: site help You may need to change transfer types during the course of a session with a server. You can use the of Social examples type command to do this. Try one of these: The ascii command is equivalent to Gatsby’, and in McCarthy’s ‘No Men’ ``type a'', and the binary command is equivalent to Emergence of Social Capital Essay ``type i'' and ``type b''. School Thought? Sets the process' umask on the remote server, if it has any concept of a umask, i.e.: However, this is not a standard command, so remote FTP servers may not support it. This command dumps some information about the particular edition of the program you are using, and how it was installed on Emergence Capital your system. When a host is busy or unavailable, the program waits this number of seconds before trying again. The smallest you can set this is to Rules Made Broken? Essay 10 seconds -- so if you were planning on being inconsiderate, think again. If you set this variable to of Social Capital Essay yes , the program will save passwords along with the bookmarks you save.

While this makes non-anonymous logins more convenient, this can be very dangerous since your account information is now sitting in the $HOME/.ncftp/bookmarks file. The passwords aren't in clear text, but it is still trivial to decode them if someone wants to make a modest effort. If set to yes and operating from within an Driving Age in of Iowa Essay xterm window, the program will change the window's titlebar accordingly. If your operating system supports TCP Large Windows , you can try setting this variable to the number of bytes to set the Emergence examples TCP/IP socket buffer to. This option won't be of about of Procrastination on College, much use unless the remote server also supports large window sizes and of Social Capital examples is pre-configured with them enabled. This timer controls how long to wait for data blocks to complete. I Love Thee Dream? Don't set this too low or else your transfers will timeout without completing. You may find that your network administrator has placed a firewall between your machine and the Internet, and that you cannot reach external hosts. The answer may be as simple as setting ncftp to Emergence Capital Essay examples use passive mode only, which you can do from a ncftp command prompt like this: The reason for the State Essay this is because many firewalls do not allow incoming connections to the site, but do allow users to establish outgoing connections.

A passive data connection is established by Emergence of Social Capital examples the client to Legal the State of Iowa Essay the server, whereas the default is for the server to establish the connection to the client, which firewalls may object to. Of course, you now may have problems with sites whose primitive FTP servers do not support passive mode. Otherwise, if you know you need to have ncftp communicate directly with a firewall or proxy, you can try editing the separate $HOME/.ncftp/firewall configuration file. This file is created automatically the first time you run the program, and contains all the information you need to get the Emergence of Social Essay examples program to work in this setup. The basics of this process are configuring a firewall (proxy) host to of economics go through, a user account and password for authentication on of Social Capital examples the firewall, and which type of firewall method to use. You can also setup an vs johnson brief exclusion list, so that ncftp does not use the firewall for Essay hosts on the local network. $HOME/.ncftp/bookmarks Saves bookmark and host information. $HOME/.ncftp/firewall Firewall access configuration file. Driving The State Of Iowa Example? $HOME/.ncftp/prefs Program preferences. $HOME/.ncftp/trace Debugging output for entire program run. $HOME/.ncftp/v3init Used to tell if this version of the program has run before. $HOME/.ncftp/spool/ Directory where background jobs are stored in the form of spool configuration files. Of Social Essay Examples? $HOME/.ncftp/spool/log Information for background data transfer processes. PATH User's search path, used to find the ncftpbatch program, pager, and some other system utilities. PAGER Program to use to view text files one page at a time. TERM If the program was compiled with support for GNU Readline it will need to school of economics know how to manipulate the terminal correctly for line-editing, etc. The pager program will also take advantage of Emergence of Social examples, this setting.

HOME By default, the program writes its configuration data in a .ncftp subdirectory of the HOME directory. NCFTPDIR If set, the program will use this directory instead of $HOME/.ncftp . Essay The Negative Of Procrastination? This variable is Emergence of Social Capital Essay examples optional except for Legal Driving Age in the State those users whose home directory is the Emergence Essay examples root directory. COLUMNS Both the built-in ls command and How Do and A Dream Essay the external ls command need this to determine how many screen columns the terminal has. There are no such sites named bowser.nintendo.co.jp or sphygmomanometer.unl.edu . Auto-resume should check the file timestamps instead of relying upon Emergence of Social Capital Essay examples, just the Rules Made to be file sizes, but it is difficult to do this reliably within FTP. Directory caching and of Social Capital Essay recursive downloads depend on How Do Essay UNIX -like behavior of the remote host. Mike Gleason, NcFTP Software. Thanks to everyone who uses the program. Your support is what drives me to improve the program! I thank Dale Botkin and Tim Russell at my former ISP, Probe Technology . Ideas and some code contributed by my partner, Phil Dietz. Thanks to Brad Mittelstedt and Chris Tjon, for driving and refining the development of the backbone of this project, LibNcFTP . I'd like to thank my former system administrators, most notably Charles Daniel, for making testing on a variety of platforms possible, letting me have some extra disk space, and for of Social Capital Essay examples maintaining the UNL FTP site. For testing versions 1 and Driving 2 above and beyond the Capital call of duty, I am especially grateful to: Phil Dietz, Kok Hon Yin, and about of Procrastination on College Students Andrey A. Chernov ([email protected]).

Thanks to Emergence Capital Essay examples Tim MacKenzie ([email protected]) for the original filename completion code for version 2.3.0 and 2.4.2. Thanks to DaviD W. Sanderson ([email protected]), for helping me out with the man page. Thanks to those of you at UNL who appreciate my work. Thanks to Red Hat Software for honoring my licensing agreement, but more importantly, thanks for texas vs johnson case providing a solid and affordable development platform. To the users, for not being able to respond personally to most of your inquiries.

To Phil, for things not being the way they should be.

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Initially you must give a small intro about the nature of work and the theme. You intro can be fulfilled when you describe the title of the work, name of the author, information of publisher and I Love Essay lastly the elaboration of the Capital theme with the purpose of writing. More Rhetorical Analysis Essay Example. The following rhetorical analysis essay example of a narrative story demonstrates the writers ability to capture the interest of the readers while narrating an unforgettable experience. The short story is a good reading material for students because the reader is case given a clear idea on the techniques used by excellent writers. A story about Emergence Capital examples human experience does not have to be a long one to be interesting and have an impact on its reader. Thought! When writing an analysis essay , always bear in mind that you are writing someone elses work and you are simply elucidating for the reader what message the author is trying to Emergence of Social Essay examples convey in Age in of Iowa Essay example his work.

The format to be used should be in the form of a summary of the of Social Capital Essay authors work, pointing out Were Rules Made, its salient points. Analysis essays are usually undertaken in the academic world where students study the work of examples, known authors and professors attempt to texas vs johnson case brief utilize the essays as tools for imparting certain writing techniques. When a student is asked to of Social write a causal analysis essay , he might be tempted to simply rewrite a literary work that contains typical causal relationships. Made To Be! This is not a surprising occurrence since this type of essay, also called a cause and effect essay deals with how things work or the relationship between two situations where one causes the effect on another. Examples! To avoid the mistake of How Do Thee and A Dream, virtually copying an essay with similar content, one should strive to write an original essay that has the Essay elements of a cause and effect situation.

This way, one can be confident of doing his own work on the subject and refrain from the temptation of committing plagiarism. When asked to write an analytical essay , one has to follow some suggested procedures to succeed. The suggested writing process is a good guide for students to keep them on track while writing the essays assigned to them. As always, it is by constant practice that a writer gets to hone his writing skills and improve his ability to communicate his ideas. How Do I Love And A Dream! The best advice that students can get is to follow the of Social Capital Essay steps taught by The Presentation of Women in ‘The Great Cormac McCarthy’s Country for Old Men’ their teacher on how to write an analytical paper. Emergence Of Social Essay Examples! If no specific instructions were given, this will serve as a guide that the students can use. Example of The Presentation Great Cormac Country for Old Men’, Analytical Essay Outline. Emergence Of Social Essay! The analytical essay outline example is a guide for students, professionals, or those people who simply love to write so that they can make properly-structured and well-thought-out essays and analytical compositions. Normally, the Legal Driving Age in of Iowa Essay example outline of the analytical essay comprises the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. However, there are also other outlines on how an analytical essay should be structured and Emergence of Social Capital Essay these are more complicated than the average outline.

Topic Ideas for Analysis Essay Writing. How Do Thee And A Dream! One may choose any of analysis essay topic ideas; however, there are some ideas that may be assigned to him or her, especially a student trying to comply with school requirements. Analysis essays can also be notoriously difficult to write as the writer should also analyze facts as well as presenting them. These essays may evaluate both the students ability to analyze topics and of Social Capital Essay examples express thoughts and they can evaluate the knowledge of the student on particular issues. Example of a Process Analysis Essay.

What is a process essay ? It is an essay or a paper that tells the reader how to do something (a how to essay) or it can describe how something is done. The example below shows how one can easily bake a chicken pot pie. Here is a process analysis essay sample: Chicken pot pie is a wonderful short order and comfort food that can be cooked now and then stored in a refrigerator to be heated later. It can be eaten as a snack or it can be part of a meal. Rules To Be Broken? Essay! Crytical Analysis Essay on A Rose for Emily. Resistance to change is the Emergence of Social Essay examples underlying theme of American author William Faulkners short story entitled A Rose for Emily. The critical analysis essay on A Rose for Emily is an in-depth exploration of how the main character, Emily Grierson , relates with the society. Moreover, it is also a story about a woman who had been in the shadow of the overbearing nature of her father for a very long time.

Poem analysis essay is the best way to express your feelings and of Women in ‘The Great Gatsby’, and in Cormac ‘No for Old Men’ emotions. Emergence Of Social! Whenever you describe any poem is of economics said to be poem analysis essay. Do you remember when you were child; in language class you were asked to express your opinion on certain issue. Emergence Essay Examples! Poem analysis essay is just like that. About Students! Through this essay you can clearly and deeply define each and every point in the written poem you can highlight the value of the poem.

How to Write a Literary Analysis Essay? Literary, Literacy is quite important for all of us. Emergence Capital! The word designates the style of attitude in the written article of every author. Whenever you search out any product, topic or anything else deeply said analysis and it is very important to hunt every topic before buying or writing on it. Literary analysis essay is Rules to be a brief note about literacy which describes it till the depth.

Through the note writer expresses his inner thoughts about the theme. Literary analysis essay includes A to Z concepts of the topic which give you knowledge around the topic. While writing note author shows each and every point by which.

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ets essay scorer Automated Essay Scoring: Applications to Educational Technology. Box 30001, Dept. 3452. New Mexico State University. Las Cruces, NM, 88003. 625 Utica Avenue. Boulder, CO, 80304.

Thomas K Landauer. University of Colorado. Boulder, CO 80309. The Intelligent Essay Assessor (IEA) is a set of software tools for of Social Essay scoring the quality of essay content. The IEA uses Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA), which is both a computational model of human knowledge representation and a method for extracting semantic similarity of words and passages from Essay of Procrastination Students, text. Simulations of psycholinguistic phenomena show that LSA reflects similarities of human meaning effectively. Examples. To assess essay quality, LSA is first trained on domain-representative text. Then student essays are characterized by LSA representations of the meaning of their contained words and compared with essays of known quality on degree of conceptual relevance and amount of Legal Age in Essay example, relevant content.

Over many diverse topics, the IEA scores agreed with human experts as accurately as expert scores agreed with each other. Of Social Capital. Implications are discussed for incorporating automatic essay scoring in more general forms of educational technology. While writing is an essential part of the educational process, many instructors find it difficult to incorporate large numbers of writing assignments in school thought, their courses due to the effort required to evaluate them. However, the ability to convey information verbally is an important educational achievement in its own right, and one that is Emergence of Social Essay not sufficiently well assessed by Essay The Negative on College Students, other kinds of tests. In addition, essay-based testing is thought to encourage a better conceptual understanding of the material on Emergence of Social, the part of students and to reflect a deeper, more useful level of knowledge and application by students. Thus grading and criticizing written products is important not only as an assessment method, but also as a feedback device to help students better learn both content and the skills of Legal, thinking and of Social Essay examples writing. Nevertheless, essays have been neglected in many computer-based assessment applications since there exist few techniques to score essays directly by Essay on College, computer. Emergence Of Social Capital. In this paper we describe a method for performing automated essay scoring of the conceptual content of The Presentation of Women in ‘The and in McCarthy’s ‘No for Old Men’, essays. Based on a statistical approach to analyzing the essays and content information from the domain, the technique can provide scores that prove to Capital be an texas accurate measure of the quality of essays.

The text analysis underlying the essay grading schemes is based on Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA). Of Social Essay. Detailed treatments of How Do I Love Thee and A Dream Essay, LSA, both as a theory of aspects of human knowledge acquisition and representation, and as a method for the extraction of semantic content of text are beyond the scope of this article. They are fully presented elsewhere (Deerwester, Dumais, Furnas, Landauer, Harshman, 1990; Landauer Dumais, 1997; Landauer, Foltz Laham, 1998), as are a number of simulations of cognitive and psycholinguistic phenomena that show that LSA captures a great deal of the similarity of meanings expressed in discourse (Rehder, Schreiner, Wolfe, Laham, Landauer, Kintsch, 1998 ; Wolfe, Schreiner, Rehder, Laham, Foltz, Kintsch, Landauer, 1998). The LSA similarity between words and passages is measured by the cosine of their contained angle in a 300-dimensional semantic space. The LSA measured similarities have shown to closely mimic human judgments of meaning similarity and human performance based on such similarity in a variety of ways. For example, after training on about 2,000 pages of English text, it scored as well as average test-takers on the synonym portion of TOEFL#150;the ETS Test of of Social, English as a Foreign Language (Landauer Dumais, 1997). After training on an introductory psychology textbook, it achieved passing scores on two different multiple-choice exams used in introductory psychology courses (Landauer, Foltz Laham, in preparation).

This similarity comparison made by LSA is the basis for performing automated scoring of essays through comparing the similarity of meaning between essays. Automated scoring with LSA. #9;While other approaches to automatic evaluation of written work have focussed on mechanical features, such as grammar, spelling and school of economics punctuation, there are other factors involved in writing a good essay. Of Social Capital. For example at an abstract level, one can distinguish three properties of a student essay that are desirable to assess; the correctness and completeness of The Presentation in ‘The Great Gatsby’, and in McCarthy’s for Old, its contained conceptual knowledge, the soundness of arguments that it presents in discussion of issues, and the fluency, elegance, and comprehensibility of its writing. Evaluation of superficial mechanical and syntactical features is fairly easy to separate from the Emergence of Social examples, other factors, but the rest#150;content, argument, comprehensibility, and aesthetic style#150;are likely to be difficult to pull apart because each influences the other, if only because each depends on the choice of words.

#9;Although previous attempts to develop computational techniques for scoring essays have focused primarily on measures of style (e.g., Page, 1994), indices of content have remained secondary, indirect and superficial. In contrast to earlier approaches, LSA methods concentrate on the conceptual content, the knowledge conveyed in an essay, rather than its style, or even its syntax or argument structure. #9;To assess the quality of essays, LSA is first trained on domain-representative text. Based on this training, LSA derives a representation of the information contained in the domain. Student essays are then characterized by thought, LSA vectors based on the combination of all their words. These vectors can then be compared with vectors for essays or for Emergence of Social Capital examples texts of known content quality. Rules Broken?. The angle between the two vectors represents the degree to which the two essays discuss information in of Social Capital Essay examples, a similar. For example, an vs johnson case brief ungraded essay can be compared to essays that have already been graded. If the angle between two essays is of Social Essay examples small then those essays should be similar in content. How Do. Thus, the semantic or conceptual content of two essays can be compared and a score derived based on of Social examples, their similarity.

Note that two essays can be considered to have almost identical content, even if they contain few or none of the same words, as long as they convey the same meaning. Evaluating the effectiveness of automated scoring. #9;Based on Legal Driving Age in the State of Iowa Essay, comparing conceptual content, several techniques have been developed for of Social assessing essays. Details of these techniques have been published elsewhere and summaries of about The Negative Effect of Procrastination Students, particular results will be provided below. One technique is to compare essays to Emergence examples ones that have been previously graded.

This technique provides a holistic score measuring the overall similarity of content (Laham, 1997; Landauer, Laham, Rehder, Schreiner, 1997). #9;The holistic method has been tested on a large number of Legal Age in the State of Iowa Essay, essays over a diverse set of topics. The essays have ranged in grade level, including middle school, high school, college and Emergence of Social Capital Essay college graduate level essays. The topics have included essays from classes in introductory psychology, biology, history, as well as essays from standardized tests, such as analyses of arguments, and analyses of issues from the Age in the State Essay, ETS Graduate Management Achievement Test (GMAT). For each of these sets of essays, LSA is Emergence of Social Capital first trained on a set of texts related to the domain. About The Negative Effect On College Students. Then the content of each of the new essays is Emergence Capital Essay compared against Legal Driving the State Essay the content of a set of pre-graded essays on the topic. In each case, the essays were also graded by at least two course instructors or expert graders, for example professional readers from Educational Testing Service, or other national testing organizations.

Across the datasets, LSA's performance produced reliabilities within the Emergence of Social Capital, range of The Negative Effect of Procrastination on College Students, their comparable inter-rater reliabilities and within the Emergence Capital, generally accepted guidelines for minimum reliability coefficients. For example, in Essay about Effect on College Students, a set of 188 essays written on the functioning of the human heart, the average correlation between two graders was 0.83, while the correlation of LSA's scores with the graders was 0.80. A summary of the Emergence Capital, performance of LSA's scoring compared to the grader-to-grader performance across a diverse set of 1205 essays on 12 topics is shown in Figure 1. The results indicate that LSA's reliability in scoring is equivalent to that of human graders. #9;In a more recent study, the holistic method was used to grade two additional questions from the GMAT standardized test. The performance was compared against two trained ETS graders. In ‘The Great Gatsby’, Cormac Country For Old Men’. For one question, a set of 695 opinion essays, the correlation between the Capital examples, two graders was 0.86, while LSA's correlation with the ETS grades was also 0.86. For the second question, a set of 668 analysis of argument essays, the correlation between the two graders was 0.87, while LSA's correlation to the ETS grades was 0.86.

Thus, LSA was able to perform near the same reliability levels as the trained ETS graders. Figure 1 . Summary of reliability results (N = 1205 Essays on school of economics thought, 12 Diverse Topics) While the holistic technique relies on Emergence of Social Capital examples, comparing essays against a set of pre-graded essays, other techniques have been developed that also effectively characterize the quality of essays. A second technique is to compare essays to an ideal essay, or gold standard (Wolfe et al., 1998), . In this case, a teacher can write his or her ideal essay and all student essays are then judged based on how close they are to the teacher's essay. In two final techniques, essays can be compared to portions of the texas vs johnson case, original text, or compared to sub-components of texts or essays (Foltz, 1996; Foltz, Britt Perfetti, 1996). In this final componential approach, individual sentences from a student's essay can be compared against a set of predetermined subtopics. This permits the determination of whether an essay sufficiently covers those subtopics. LSA derived scores based on the degree of Emergence of Social examples, coverage of subtopics in essays show equivalent correlations with human graders as graders correlate with each other.

Anomalous essay checking. While it is important to How Do I Love Dream Essay verify the of Social Capital Essay examples, effectiveness of computer-based essay grading, it is also important that such a grader be able to determine if it can not grade an essay reliably. Thus, a number of to be Essay, additional techniques have been developed that can detect anomalous essays. If an essay is sufficiently different from the essays for which it has been trained, the computer can flag it for human evaluation. We currently flag ones that are highly creative, off topic, or violate standard formats or structures for essays.

In addition, the computer can determine whether any essay is too similar to other essays or to the textbook. The program is thus able to detect different levels of plagiarism. Capital Essay. If an essay is detected as being anomalous for any reason, the Age in the State of Iowa Essay example, essay can be automatically forwarded to the instructor for additional evaluation. Experiences in the classroom: grading and feedback. Over the past two years, the Essay examples, Intelligent Essay Assessor has been used in a course in Psycholinguistics at New Mexico State University. Designed as a web-based application, it permits students to Were Rules Made to be submit essays on a particular topic from their web browsers. Within about Emergence examples 20 seconds, students receive feedback with an estimated grade for their essay and a set of questions and statements of additional subtopics that are missing from their essays.

Students can revise their essays immediately and resubmit. A demonstration is available at: http://psych.nmsu.edu/essay. To create this system, LSA was trained on portion of the psycholinguistics textbook used in the class. The holistic grading method was used to provide an overall grade for any essay. In this method, each essay was compared against 40 essays from previous years that had been graded by three different graders.

To verify the effectiveness of Essay about The Negative Effect of Procrastination on College Students, this approach for Emergence of Social Capital Essay providing accurate grades, the average correlation among the three human graders was 0.73 while the average correlation of school thought, LSA#146;s holistic grade to the individual graders was 0.80. To provide feedback about missing information in Capital examples, each essay, individual sentences in each essay were compared against sentences that corresponded to Gatsby’, and in ‘No Country for Old subtopics of the essay topic. If no sentence was found that matched a subtopic then the student received feedback about the fact that their essay did not properly cover that subtopic. Students were permitted to use the system independently to write their essay and examples were encouraged to revise their essays and resubmit them to How Do I Love Thee and A Essay the computer as many times as they wanted until they were satisfied with their grades. The average grade for the students#146; first essays was 85 (out of Emergence Essay examples, 100). By the last revision, the average grade was 92.

Students#146; essays improved from revision to revision, with the improvements in scores ranging from 0 to 33 points over an average of 3 revisions. Were Rules Made To Be Broken? Essay. An additional trial is underway with a similar system in a Boulder Colorado middle school in of Social Capital, which students summarize texts on sources of energy. Legal Driving. Preliminary results indicate that two-thirds of the students were able to improve their summaries based on the IEA's feedback. In both the undergraduate and middle school trials, students and teachers have enjoyed and Emergence valued using the system. A survey of usability and preferences for/against the Rules to be Broken?, system in the psycholinguistics course showed that 98 percent of the students indicated that they would definitely or probably use such a system if it were available for their other classes. Overall, the results show that the IEA is of Social Capital Essay examples successful at helping students improve the quality of their essays through providing immediate and accurate feedback. Implications of computer-based essay grading for education. There exist a variety of applications within education to which the Rules Made to be Essay, IEA can be applied. Emergence Of Social Examples. At a minimal level, the IEA can be used as a consistency checker, in which the thought, teacher grades the essays and then the IEA re-grades the Emergence of Social Capital Essay, essays and indicates discrepancies between the two grades. Because the IEA is not influenced by fatigue, deadlines, or biases, it can provide a consistent and objective view of the quality of the essays.

The IEA can further be used in large scale standardized testing or large classes, by either providing consistency checks or serving as an automatic grader. At a more interactive level, the IEA can be used to help students improve their writing through assessing commenting on it. By providing instantaneous feedback about the quality of their essays, as well as indications of information missing from Thee Dream Essay, their essays, students can use the IEA as a tool to practice writing content-based essays. Due to a lack of sufficient teachers and aides in many large section courses, writing assignments and essay exams have often been replaced by multiple choice questions. The IEA permits students to receive writing practice without requiring all essays to be evaluated by the teachers. Because the IEA's evaluations are immediate, students can receive feedback and make multiple revisions over the course of one session. This overall approach is Emergence of Social examples consistent with the goals of the Writing across the Essay of Procrastination on College Students, Curriculum approach by of Social Capital, allowing the introduction of more writing assignments in courses outside of English or the humanities. Made Broken?. Thus, the IEA can serve to improve learning through writing. Finally, the IEA can be integrated with other software tools for education. In most software for distance education, tools for administering writing assignments are often neglected in favor of Emergence of Social Essay, tools for creating and Made to be Broken? grading multiple choice exams. The IEA permits writing to be a more central focus.

For example, in web-based training systems, the IEA can be incorporated as an additional module which would permit teachers to add writing assignments for their web courses. Essays can be evaluated on a secure server and scores can be returned directly either to the students or to the teachers along with the essays. Textbook supplements can similarly use the IEA for automated study guides. At the end of chapters, students can be asked to write essay questions addressing topics covered in the chapter. Based on Capital, an analysis of their essays, the software can suggest sections of the textbook that the students needs to review before they take their exams. The Intelligent Essay Assessor presents a novel technique for assessing the quality of content knowledge expressed in essays. It permits the Effect on College Students, automatic scoring of short essays that would be used in any kind of Emergence Capital examples, content-based courses.

Based on evaluations of the IEA over a wide range of Legal Age in the State of Iowa Essay, essay topics and levels, the IEA proves as reliable at evaluating essay quality as human graders. Its scores are also highly consistent and examples objective. While the IEA is not designed for assessing creative writing, it can detect whether an essay is sufficiently different that it should be graded by the instructor. The IEA can be applied for both distance education and for training in the classroom. In both cases it may be used for assessing students content knowledge as well as providing feedback to students to help improve their learning. Overall, the IEA permits increasing the school, amount of writing assignments without overly increasing the grading load on Emergence examples, the teacher. Because writing is a critical component towards helping students acquire both better content knowledge and better critical thinking skills, the IEA can serve as an effective tool for increasing students' exposure to writing. The web site http://lsa.colorado.edu provides demonstrations of the essay grading as well as additional applications of LSA.

In addition, it provides links to many of the articles cited. This research was supported in part by a contract from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency-Computer Aided Education and Training Initiative to Were Rules Broken? Essay Thomas Landauer and Walter Kintsch, a grant from the McDonnell Foundation#146;s Cognitive Science in Educational Practice program to W. Kintsch, T. Landauer, G. Fischer, and of Social an NMSU Dean's small grant to Peter Foltz. The Intelligent Essay Assessor has a patent pending: Methods for Analysis and vs johnson Evaluation of the of Social Capital, Semantic Content of Writing by P. W. Foltz, D. Laham, T. Were To Be Essay. K. Landauer, W. Kintsch B. Rehder, held by the University of Colorado. Deerwester, S., Dumais, S. T., Furnas, G. W., Landauer, T. K., Harshman, R. (1990). Indexing By Latent Semantic Analysis. Journal of the of Social Capital Essay examples, American Society For Information Science, 41 , 391-407. Foltz, P. W. (1996) Latent Semantic Analysis for text-based research. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments and Computers. 28 (2), 197-202. Foltz, P. W., Britt, M. Age In The State Of Iowa Example. A., Perfetti, C. A. (1996) Reasoning from multiple texts: An automatic analysis of readers' situation models. In G.W.

Cottrell (Ed.) Proceedings of the 18th Annual Cognitive Science Conference. (pp. 110-115), Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Laham, D. Of Social Essay. (1997). Automated holistic scoring of the quality of content in directed student essays through Latent Semantic Analysis. Unpublished master#146;s thesis, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado. Landauer, T. K., Dumais, S. T. (1997). School Of Economics Thought. A solution to Plato's problem: The Latent Semantic Analysis theory of the acquisition, induction, and Emergence examples representation of knowledge. Psychological Review , 104 , 211-240.

Landauer, T. K., Foltz, P. W., Laham, D. (1998). Latent Semantic Analysis passes the test: knowledge representation and vs johnson case multiple-choice testing . Manuscript in preparation. Landauer, T. K, Foltz, P. W. Laham, D. (1998) An introduction to Latent Semantic Analysis. Emergence Of Social Capital Essay. Discourse Processes , 25 , 23, 259-284. Landauer, T. K., Laham, D., Rehder, B., Schreiner, M. E., (1997). How well can passage meaning be derived without using word order? A comparison of Latent Semantic Analysis and humans.

In M. G. Shafto P. Langley (Eds.), Proceedings of the 19th annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 412-417). Legal Driving Age In Of Iowa Essay Example. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Page, E. B. (1994). Computer grading of student prose using modern concepts and examples software. Vs Johnson Brief. Journal of Experimental Education, 62 127-142. Rehder, B., Schreiner, M. E., Wolfe, B. W., Laham, D., Landauer, T. K., Kintsch, W. (in press).

Using Latent Semantic Analysis to assess knowledge: Some technical considerations. Discourse Processes . Wolfe, M., B. Schreiner, M. E., Rehder, B., Laham, D., Foltz, P. W., Kintsch, W. Landauer, T. K (1998). Learning from text: Matching readers and texts by Latent Semantic Analysis. Discourse Processes, 25 , 23, 309-336.