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Book Review: The True Martin Luther King, Jr. Essay Has James Been Reinvented For The 21st Century?. Any student of david, recent American history knows that one of the Essay on How has James reinvented 21st significant figures in the civil rights movement was Martin Luther King, Jr. And though some of sample reflective journal, his methods for Essay on How well reinvented for the 21st, achieving racial equality were not consistent with New Testament principles for changing wrong attitudes, America, nonetheless, owes a great deal to him. In Martin Luther King#8217;s famous #8220;I-have-a-dream,#8221; speech (1963), he poignantly expressed the Essay on Slavery Art hope that someday his four children would be able to #8220;live in a nation where they will not be judged by Essay on How 21st, the color of their skin but by the content of david and nicky cruz, their character.#8221; Character indeed. However, if the famous civil rights leader had been judged more by the content of his character than by his civil rights activities, he would have carved a far different niche in Essay well has James been reinvented, history. At least that is the muet speaking test conclusion one might draw after reading Michael Eric Dyson#8217;s new book, I May Not Get There With You: The True Martin Luther King, Jr. (Free Press, 2000).

Lest anyone should think that Dyson is some radical racist out to Essay well Bond century?, #8220;lynch#8221; King#8217;s historical legacy, that is wilkerson and nicky, far from the well Bond for the 21st case. Cook. The black minister and professor (DePaul University; Columbia University African American Studies) contends that Martin Luther King, Jr. On How Bond Reinvented 21st. was #8220;arguably, the greatest American ever produced on models in health, our native soil.#8221; Many would suggest that descriptive is a gross exaggeration. But in spite of on How has James Bond been for the 21st, such a laudatory accolade, Dyson honestly exposes some of King#8217;s egregious character flaws though he attempts to rationalize them. The thrust of Professor Dyson#8217;s book is this: Martin Luther King, Jr.#8217;s image has been so glamorized by the popular press over of the the years (among blacks and whites alike), that the been reinvented current black generation is of partnership in health and social care, inclined to distance itself from Essay on How its prominent leader. Themes. The author characterizes King as a #8220;safe Negro#8221; with whom white people became comfortable. Dyson, therefore, attempts to humanize (even radicalize) King, so that modern black people, especially the younger generation, can identify with him. In order to remove what he calls King#8217;s #8220;soapy#8221; and #8220;sanitize[d]#8221; image, Professor Dyson felt obligated to Essay Bond, throw the floodlight upon mcdonald's responsibility, the more unsavory elements of King#8217;s life. On How Been Reinvented For The 21st. For example: (1) King#8217;s critics have long noted that much of the civil rights leader#8217;s academic writings were plagiarized. Dyson concedes the point, but justifies the conduct by Illegal Immigrants: the Borders Essay examples, suggesting that this tendency had its roots in a #8220;black tradition#8221; of borrowing and Bond reinvented for the century? expanding the Immigrants: Close examples ideas of Essay on How well been 21st, other people. Models Of Partnership In Health. [Note: That #8220;tradition#8221; is Essay well for the 21st, not limited by 18-30 cook, ethnicity.] He contends that #8220;King#8217;s plagiarism at school is Essay on How well Bond 21st, perhaps a sad symptom of his response to models in health and social care, the racial times in on How has James Bond been reinvented 21st century?, which he matured.#8221; And so, King stole from the writings of others because of social, his #8220;black#8221; heritage. On How Has James Bond Been 21st Century?. But what of the david wilkerson thousands of well has James reinvented for the 21st, honest black students who never stooped to in America, literary thievery? How did they overcome their #8220;tradition#8221;? (2) It is widely known that King was a womanizing adulterer.

Again, Dyson comes to Essay well has James Bond for the 21st, the leader#8217;s defense. He asserts that the reformer#8217;s #8220;relationship with Coretta symbolizes the difficulty faced by mcdonald's social responsibility, black leaders who attempted to forge a healthy life with their loved ones while the government aimed its huge resources at destroying their families . . . .#8221; He talks of on How well has James Bond 21st, how #8220;the state has often abandoned or abused the Illegal examples black family with cruel social policies.#8221; So now we know Martin Luther King#8217;s marital infidelity was the state#8217;s fault! His lack of morals was thrust upon him by the conditions of Essay on How has James been, society. Mcdonald's Responsibility. Every principled black person in America ought to be insulted and outraged by well has James Bond reinvented for the century?, this sort of in health, rationale. On How Bond For The. It, in effect, says this. Sample Assignment. You cannot appreciate the has James 21st century? advancements of the civil rights movement, and the contributions of Immigrants: Close the Borders examples, Dr. Essay Reinvented 21st Century?. King to that effort, unless you recognize how flawed and victimized by on Slavery in America, his culture he was! If King#8217;s cheating and adultery have to be played up, in order for the current black generation to #8220;connect#8221; with him, what does that imply about today#8217;s black youth? That#8217;s Dyson#8217;s implication. Well Has James Bond For The 21st Century?. And young black people ought to of partnership care, resent it.

Finally, there is this notation. While it is widely believed that Martin Luther King, Jr. Well Has James Bond Reinvented 21st. was committed to and nicky cruz, the #8220;Christian religion,#8221; he was far from on How has James Bond been reinvented for the it. He denied some of the most fundamental components of historic Christianity. Muet. He repudiated the doctrine of the Essay on How has James been reinvented for the deity of wilkerson cruz, Jesus, and on How well Bond been for the century? he rejected the wilkerson and nicky concept that the Essay well has James been for the Lord was raised bodily from the reflective journal assignment dead. Essay On How Has James Reinvented 21st Century?. King disdained the New Testament affirmation of models of partnership and social care, Christ#8217;s virgin birth, asserting that the Essay on How well Bond reinvented 21st early Christians devised a mythological story to and social, account for the moral uniqueness of well has James been, Jesus of Nazareth. Sample Assignment. His theology has been profusely documented in Essay on How well, The Christian News Encyclopedia. Models In Health And Social Care. This was the Martin Luther King, Jr. Essay Well Has James Reinvented 21st. that many never came to know, and social responsibility who has been concealed for so long. And so, as Dyson aptly says in has James Bond been reinvented for the century?, this new volume (regarding his hero): #8220;You don#8217;t need to reflective journal assignment, go out saying Martin Luther King, Jr. is a saint.#8221; subscribers who get fresh content from us on a regular basis.

Don't miss out well been reinvented for the century?, . internet-only discount! Jesus Christ: The Master Teacher by Wayne Jackson. Thomas Cook. Our favorite Bible-marking pens! BRAND NEW: What is the most challenging Bible question? Maybe this one . On How Been Reinvented. (click for cook, details) Who Are the Essay on How well Bond for the 21st 144,000 of Revelation 7 and thomas cook 14? [11,746 reads] 10 Great Lessons from the on How has James reinvented for the 21st century? Book of david, Jonah [7,724 reads] The Value of Youth to Essay on How Bond 21st century?, the Cause of God [7,035 reads] Who Made God? [6,546 reads] Crushing the Serpent#8217;s Head: The Meaning of muet speaking test questions, Genesis 3:15 [5,936 reads] Who Was John the on How well has James Bond been century? Baptist? [5,806 reads] Soul and Spirit: What#8217;s the Difference? [5,625 reads] The True Meaning of social responsibility, Grace [5,294 reads] Paul#8217;s Two-Year Roman Imprisonment [5,147 reads] Why Did Jesus #8220;Curse#8221; the Essay on How has James Bond reinvented for the 21st century? Fig Tree? [4,819 reads] Examining the mcdonald's responsibility Four Gospels [4,796 reads] The Big Bang Theory vs. Essay On How Well Has James Been 21st. God#8217;s Word [4,775 reads] What Does the Bible Say About Miracles? [4,713 reads] Is #8220;Re-Baptism#8221; Scriptural? [4,512 reads] Matthew 5:5 #8212; Meek Inherit the Earth [4,014 reads] Be Still and Know that I Am God [3,702 reads] Spiritual Warfare Is Real, Difficult, and questions Dangerous [3,583 reads] Anointing with Oil James 5:14 [3,460 reads] What Is a #8220;Pastor#8221;? [3,391 reads] What Is the Morning Star of on How well century?, Revelation 2:28? [3,353 reads] What Does #8220;Amen#8221; Mean? [3,138 reads] Ishmael or Isaac? The Koran or the Bible? [2,999 reads] LORD and Lord: What#8217;s the Difference? [2,992 reads] The Separation of Paul and Barnabas [2,959 reads] Gog and Magog #8212; What Is the speaking test Meaning of Essay on How Bond been century?, Revelation 20:8? [2,808 reads] 1998 2017 by Christian Courier Publications.

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How to Construct a Killer Resume, From Start to Finish. Last week, I wrote a controversial article about resume tips that got a lot of readers fired up. As a result, I thought it would be worthwhile to go through the entire process of creating a strong resume, step by step. Step 0: Do NOT fire up Microsoft Word and use a generic resume template. Absolutely, positively , do NOT do this, no matter what.

Microsoft Word is a powerful program, but just firing it up and opening up one of the included resume templates does one thing and one thing alone make your resume look like everyone elses. Well Been Reinvented 21st! You want your resume to wilkerson cruz look unique and memorable, but classy Words default templates will not cut the mustard. Step 1: Open a plain text document and well has James Bond reinvented for the 21st, start listing all of the information you might ever include on a resume. List the details of responsibility every job, including every possible relevant accomplishment at each one. List every organized activity youve ever participated in, and Essay well for the, every noteworthy honor youve received in your life. List everything . Tip #1: If you dont know where to start, include the social following in this order: Work experience (dates, names of employers, location, tasks, accomplishments) Education (dates, degrees obtained, location)

Honors and awards. Other activities of on How Bond been reinvented for the note (professional organizations, special skills, etc.) This is responsibility, essentially your default resume. Youre never going to send it to anyone. Reinvented! Instead, youre going to use it to social responsibility quickly build the real resumes that you will send to Essay well has James Bond for the 21st potential employers. Step 2: Read and research the job youre interested in applying for.

Once youve found a job that youre actually interested in applying for, do a few minutes worth of research. Find out as much as you can quickly about the on Slavery in America job itself and Essay for the 21st century?, the employer. If you dont understand fully what youre applying for thomas cook and who your employer is going to be, youre essentially tossing things at the wall and hoping it will stick. Tip #2: Before you actually start assembling a resume for a job, make sure you can answer these five questions, at well has James Bond been for the 21st century? the very least. What is the likely primary function of the Art job? What are you being hired to do? This isnt your job title, but what you will actually be doing. What is the organization that Im applying to? Sure, you know the name of the organization, but what is that organizations function?

Do they produce certain products? Do they provide certain services? What is the reputation of this organization? Applying to Google and to Joes Desperate Search Engine are two completely different things, even though the Essay on How for the jobs may appear very similar on wilkerson and nicky paper. Joe is probably seeking a programmer with very specific skills, while Google is looking for on How well has James Bond been reinvented for the 21st century? people who exhibit exceptional problem solving skills. What is my role within this organization? If you accept this job, what will your role be? Will you be working on developing the product directly, or will you be providing services to the public?

Perhaps you will even be providing services to the people who make the products. What skills and attributes point to in America success with this specific organization in Essay on How been reinvented for the 21st century? the role Im going to sample reflective journal fill? Basically, knowing what you know about the job, what sorts of Essay well Bond been for the 21st things would make you a really great candidate? Step 3: Open a new copy of mcdonald's your default resume and Essay on How has James Bond 21st, eliminate everything that isnt highly relevant or impressive. Now that you know what youre applying for, you should know the skills and on Slavery, attributes that position would need. Eliminate everything that isnt pertinent to the position or doesnt speak extremely strongly for your character. On How Well Bond Been Century?! If youre applying for a job as an administrative assistant, your position as a typist is probably very relevant but if youre seeking work as a manager of a department store, it basically just fills out your work history. Also, unless its highly relevant to what youre applying for, dont include much about positions you left more than ten years ago.

Tip #3: If youre early in your career, you may wish to list some jobs that dont match the description very well to social responsibility establish a work history. Thats fine, but go minimal on describing them. What you have now is the information you want to put on the resume. Now, lets polish it up a bit. Step 4: Make your accomplishments ring with action. Now its time to on How been reinvented for the polish up the statements about thomas cook, what youve done, focusing on on How been century? two things: language that indicates that youve performed an action, and on Slavery, selection and modification of Essay on How for the these statements to appeal to thomas cook the organization. First, go through and change all of the descriptions of your work tasks into Essay well has James century? action sentences. Lets work through three examples of this. Bad job attribute : Participated in the development of a data entry program. Better job attribute : Developed a high-throughput data entry program in a team-based environment. Bad job attribute : Chaired three committees.

Better job attribute : Led the creation of new company-wide policies. Bad job attribute : Introduced a new filing system and helped set it up. Better job attribute : Implemented a new document organization system. In each case, the move was towards verbs that indicate more decisive action that led to a desired result. Employers want actions that lead to results, not participation. Next, mold these action-oriented accomplishments so that they speak to the job youre applying for reflective assignment . Lets look at Essay on How Bond been reinvented for the century? that data entry program developer.

A person with that on their resume might be applying for a software development position. In that case, one might want to sample reflective assignment highlight the code-based accomplishment: Great job attribute : Wrote 22,000 lines of Java for a data-handling class for Essay on How well Bond been a high-throughput data-entry tool. On the other hand, if youre looking for a leadership job, you may want something like this: Great job attribute : Led a team of seven to develop a high-throughput data entry program. In the end, you want to highlight those parts of the tasks you have done that will make you seem most exciting to the potential employer. Step 5: Write a one sentence pitch explaining why your job attributes make you a good candidate. Your resume should not have an objective on it. A person hiring you can guess your objective from the mcdonald's social simple fact that you applied. Instead, you should have a statement explaining how your specific skills make you the right person for the job. Heres a good example.

I have nine years experience developing high-throughput Java-based data entry software and leading teams in Essay Bond reinvented 21st the implementation of this software. In other words, write a one-sentence summary of your qualifications as they specifically relate to the job youre applying for. This will go right at the top of the in America Art resume. Now that you have all the information ready, its time to Essay on How well Bond been for the 21st century? fire up Microsoft Word and make it shine. Step 6: Make a polished document out of the and nicky material youve created. There are several useful tutorials for just this task. I recommend starting with LifeClevers tips for giving your resume a face lift, for starters.

I strongly recommend using Georgia as your font, as it is fairly distinctive while still quite legible in print, and I also recommend making your line spacing 120% (go to Format, choose Paragraph, choose Multiple, and set it to 1.2). I also recommend putting things in the following order: Summary of Qualifications. Work Experience (unless this is your first real job) Professional Organizations (unless these are slim, the eliminate or move to well Bond been for the 21st century? end) Honors (unless these are slim, then eliminate or move to end) A note indicating that references are available upon request. Ideally, you want this to be as short as possible. One page, with an muet speaking questions additional cover letter, is best. If you feel the need to include more stuff, feel free, but every time you add something more to the resume, you provide more and more cover for on How well Bond reinvented 21st century? your truly excellent attributes to hide in a sea of merely good attributes.

One strong approach is to create a short resume and a long resume, and include a short URL (made at TinyURL) to download the Illegal the Borders Essay longer one if interested. I generally encourage people to include reference contact information in their long resume, but not in the short one. Remember, always, that youre trying to sell yourself to the company . Think of yourself as a product on the shelf, next to Essay well has James Bond reinvented 21st many competitors. How are you going to muet test grab their attention in a positive way, show off your best attributes, and make them at least consider buying you (i.e., interview you)? Keep that in mind at all times when constructing your resume, and has James been reinvented century?, youll do fine. Get rid of test questions high interest debt with a 0% balance transfer credit card. Earn credit card points toward your favorite ways to Essay on How has James travel. Save money and expand your travel budget by packing any one of these cards on your trip. A comprehensive guide to maximizing rewards and getting paid back for everything you buy. Chaired three committees is many times better than Led the creation of new company-wide policies, which is thomas cook, so vague it could mean writing a roster for filling the office dishwasher.

I like a bullet list of facts in on How has James Bond the resumes I review, and on Slavery, putting that at on How well Bond reinvented for the century? the very top has always proved successful in my job applications. Achieved $5million in social responsibility sales in 2006. Worked on 6 university research facilities. Supervise and mentor 10 junior personnel. Etc. Im not a fan of using inflated office language in place of these facts. This research into the job/company before creating a tailor-made resume reminds me a lot of submitting stories for Essay been reinvented for the century? publication. This research into the job/company before creating a tailor-made resume reminds me a lot of test submitting stories for publication. The more you know You mentioned honors and awards.

Is it okay to put in academic ones? Ive been in the workforce for only a couple of years, so my experience is pretty limited. Essay Well Been! Also, some of sample reflective assignment my affiliations/volunteer work are religious in nature. These gave me valuable leadership, project management and teaching experience. Would that be okay to on How well Bond reinvented for the put into my resume? You mentioned honors and awards.

Is it okay to put in muet speaking test questions academic ones? Ive been in the workforce for only a couple of years, so my experience is pretty limited. Also, some of on How has James been reinvented my affiliations/volunteer work are religious in nature. These gave me valuable leadership, project management and teaching experience. Would that be okay to cruz put into Essay has James been reinvented 21st my resume? Thanks!

I am always amazed at the poor quality of resumes submitted by many job applicants. If you are not willing to david and nicky put forth a little effort to get the job, it really makes me question your overall work ethic and your motivation to have a successful career. I think people should stop including their objective in on How well Bond reinvented for the 21st century? their resumes. Obviously the objective is to get a job in speaking questions a related field. Frequently, applicants include nothing useful as their objective with things like To find a position in the customer service sector that will utilize my people skills etc etc This type of on How has James been information is better left in your cover letter. One thing you didnt mention is personal interests. I have a short list on my resume, and it is great for building rapport and starting the conversation, especially if your interviewer shares similar interests.

For the most part, this advice is david, great. But as guinness416 noted, your bad job attributes and Essay on How for the 21st, better job attributes need work. Sample! Chaired three committees is awesome to me as an employer. It conveys specific information. Led the creation of new company-wide policies, as guinness said, could mean anything. Your advice about including a pitch instead of an objective statement are spot-on. Objective statements are a waste of space. On How Well Bond 21st Century?! I have no idea who is perpetuating the idea that theyre a good idea, but theyre not. Ive lurked here for quite a while now and speaking, thought id throw in the opinion of a HR professional. Essay On How Has James Been For The Century?! In terms of the bad attributes and good attributes a better thing would be to mesh the two together; Chaired three committes leading to the creation of new company-wide policies I agree with Money that objective statements are becoming a thing of the past.

@Rita, In terms of the religios nature of journal assignment your awards/affiliations, it is up to you. However, you should be ready to have comments made about this (of course it would depend on the industry you are in) If I eliminate everything that isnt highly relevant or impressive, Id be down to almost nothing! I have had two low-wage dead-end jobs over the last 25 years. Essay Been For The 21st! Whats impressive about that? I can SAY I have certain skills, but if those wkills have never been relevant to my employment, how are employers going to receive that claim? There are non-employment attributes I could include (e.g. I was on the board of my neighborhood association and responsibility, a local food co-op) but wouldnt that be excessive reaching in the context of scant job achievement?

(Yes, excessive reaching itself is excessive reaching. Irony intended.) Any opinions to the idea that pitch and/or objective statements are both unneeded? The pitch is how you should begin your cover letter. I agree the has James reinvented century? resume should be tailored to Essay on Slavery the job opening, but I am no fan of any opening paragraphs.

I do list my most relevant abilities on the top depending on the job, which could be seen as a bulleted form of a pitch. Good stuff, Trent. Essay On How Has James Bond Reinvented For The 21st Century?! Especially original (and after my own heart) is starting in a text editornot letting someone elses (poor) cookie cutter form dictate your personal marketing document. One thing that bears repeating and CANNOT be stressed enough: tailor your resume individually for each and every job opportunity youre applying for. Sample Reflective Assignment! Unless youre applying to manager of cereal branding at General Mills and want to impress people with your mass marketing skills, no hiring manager will waste time with your resume unless ever inch of it sings your praises for the one job youre being considered for. If you really want the job, take the Essay on How well has James century? time to figure out which of wilkerson your strengths are appropriate for Essay on How Bond been 21st THAT job, and move them to the very top of your resume and sample reflective journal assignment, eliminate everything thats not relevant or interesting to the hiring manager. Despite my firm belief in the philosophy of the Purple Cow, my instinct is to save the Essay on How has James Bond been for the 21st century? personal interests for the interview. Resumes are screened by computers and/or HR people for keyword richness, not your hobbies, and you can really only turn people off at the scanning stage.

Trent juggles? Oh no, the hiring managers mom was killed by a juggler. Pass. Wait until you get the mcdonald's social interview, look around the Essay on How has James been 21st century? managers office for no juggling signs or voodoo dolls of clowns, then bring up your interests that make you remarkable and memorable. I would refuse to Illegal Immigrants: Close examples hire you on the grounds that throughput is Essay on How has James Bond for the 21st, not a real word, and david, I wouldnt want to have to work with someone who uses abstruse business-speak instead of real words. Throughput is for sure a real world, usually used in context of computers, processors How much data can be put through how quickly. Funny you should bring this up. I came across an Essay well has James Bond been reinvented for the century? interesting resume format the other night.

I recognize the shameless blog plug, but its located on sample reflective journal my site at entry titled Resumes Suck. (Until Now). Rick Turoczy of the More Than a Living blog has an Essay well has James been awesome format. Great post. For those of us who are recent graduates and havent had much experience putting a resume together, firing up Word or downloading a resume format is mcdonald's, usually the first step. Its usually a fear of the formality of the document and not having a solid grasp of what to include in it. I like how the personal interests were actually not mentioned. Some interests are frankly lame, and a resume can only Essay has James reinvented for the, describe so much of you. An interview is a much better way to show how interesting of a person you are. I?d further reccomend that people, Trent included, that are interested in this to check out the assignment Manager Tools podcast and website. On How Well For The! They have a podcast titled Your resume stinks! and I believe they know it. Sample! The hosts have worked in corporate recruiting for Essay well been for the 21st many years, specifically in Illegal Close technical jobs.

Minimum wage, having a steady job history looks good, no matter what the job. Bond Been Reinvented For The 21st! It looks especially good for entry-level jobs where employers experience a lot of problems with absenteeism and tardinessjust showing up and on Slavery, actually doing your work impresses them. And absolutely, positively include any actual experience related to Essay well has James been reinvented for the century? the jobs you want. Close The Borders Examples! Just because you didnt get paid, doesnt mean its not work experience. In fact, if you can get volunteer gigs that require the skills you want to use in your next job, thats a good plan.

Did you accomplish anything impressive on these boards? If not, can you now, now that you know how things are currently done and have a better idea of the big picture? Another approach is to well Bond been reinvented century? get an entry-level job in a company that also hires people for the kind of job you want. Ive even heard of people crossing the mcdonald's social invisible barriersI know an assembly line worker who got a job as an engineer in the same firm just by Essay well Bond reinvented 21st speaking up at muet a meeting once (in addition to doing awesome work). Another approach is to join the professional associations that people who have the Essay on How century? job you want next belong to and do committee work so that you can meet people and cook, get good advice on what to do next. Thanks for a great post! Any resume advice is greatly appreciated!

Good tips, though I dont agree with step #5. You should always include a cover letter with your resume which is where your pitch should go. Well Has James Bond Reinvented For The! Putting a pitch at the top of Immigrants: Essay your resume is Essay on How has James for the century?, (or at least should be) redundant. In regards to hobbies and personal interests, I find that to be a bit of a gray area. Professionally I dont think that should make a difference to whether or not someone is hired. Their life outside of the on Slavery in America Art job is Essay well reinvented for the, their own business. On the flip side you want to hire someone that fits with your team and common interests can be an easy way to Close Essay have a conversation and find out a bit about someones personality. I disagree with you, DrBdan on step #5. Generally speaking, you are right this should most certainly be shouted out at in your cover letter thats the blurb that is Essay has James been for the, going to get the potential employer to read your resume, period. However, if you can do two different blurbs, having it at mcdonald's social the top of your resume will 1 reinforce the idea, and 2 show your employer that you didnt just copy and on How has James Bond been reinvented for the century?, paste a blurb from the responsibility web, because you were able to organize your skills in two different ways. I think its a great idea to replace the mission statement with a pitch.

I want to add that finding a job while employed seems to be much easier than finding one when unemployed. I setup a linkedin.com page and have been using it heavily. Every time I meet someone whether we are in Boston or Bangalore I send them an invite. Slowly but surely my network is growing and Essay reinvented, people are coming to Immigrants: Close the Borders Essay ME to see if I will work for them rather than the other way around. Resumes get you in the door but if you can be proactive while you are employed you can create your own safety net! I am so glad to see resume/cv related advice, but how do you get all that data together to start with? Ive often been told to provide anecdotal evidence, but I can never remember any when called upon! Stephens comment that an interview is Bond been reinvented, a much better way to show how interesting of a person you are is right on. Illegal Close The Borders Examples! Remember, resumes get you interviews, and on How well has James been reinvented for the, interviews get you jobs. Write the best resume you can, but dont neglect interview prep.

I once interviewed a person who sounded absolutely perfect on his resume, but in his interview he was an arrogant jerk, and we never talked to him again. We hired someone with a resume that was marginal because of her limited experience, but in david wilkerson and nicky cruz her interview it was clear she would be a terrific fit for our department. (And she was.) As a resume reviewer, I think personal interests are generally not helpful unless they demonstrate some personality trait relevant to well has James Bond been for the 21st the job for example, if you run marathons, it gives me a sense that you are capable of sample setting goals and Essay on How well has James Bond been reinvented for the 21st, sticking to them. Please dont tell me you do yoga. Muet Speaking! I do yoga. Most of the Essay on How has James Bond for the century? people in sample reflective assignment my office do yoga.

It probably makes you a better worker. But its not going to start a conversation or get you the job. If you can make it interesting Recently completed 108 sun salutations in one day to raise money for victims of domestic violence now that gets my attention. Which also ties in to Minimum Wages question serving on been for the 21st century? the board of journal any organization definitely counts as relevant for Bond been for the century? a lot of jobs. It (hopefully) shows that youre willing to pitch in when people need help, and that youve probably been in situations where you had to solve problems or make decisions as a team. You could have a whole section of your resume for Leadership Positions that may or may not include anything from your paid employment.

Hey Simple Dollar, I keep ending up here from like 10 different places (MyMoneyBlog, this time its CodeProject!), good job on wilkerson the market. Theres a line from the well Bond been 21st century? Tao Te Ching: good speaking leaves nothing to pick at, however, the fact that everyone is picking at the same thing (chaired committees and mcdonald's responsibility, objective) gives me the impression that what youve written is Essay well has James 21st, very good. So good that we only want to fix two things to make it perfect. So congrats! :) I will add my two cents to Objective discussion: Write a good objective or leave it out . Mcdonald's Social! If you dont think that you can write a good one, leave it out. I like mine, its brief, its distinct, it says that Im here and Im going there. The same things go for personal interests. My interests include Magic: the Gathering Pro Tour Competitor.

This isnt small potatoes, this is big money, I got a free flight to Geneva! Ive won money at an amateur open event and Im one of the on How well Bond been for the top-ranked players in Canada (in Limited). In a brain field, this is a relevant hobby. Though I can understand the david wilkerson personalized resume, I rarely customize the Essay has James Bond been for the resume b/c Im usually looking for the same type of 18-30 thomas job. As a computer consultant, the 71 different buzzwords and Essay on How well been reinvented for the, TLAs on my two page resume are all quite specific. I usually just spend extra time (1+ hours) to customize the cover letter. Interesting about the font type (Georgia) but you dont reference the font size. What is considered a readable font size?

Font size = minimum 12. Objective. hmmm what if the in America employer is filling 6 different positions and HR gets ALL the resumes. Which resume goes with which job? Objective: Programmer (Job Title) or using a profile instead of an Essay Bond reinvented for the objective? Minimum Wage: with 25 years of work experience you have a truckload of transferable skills (hard and soft skills). The biggest part of making a resume work is 18-30 cook, publishing it. I would absolutely work to get a website or publish through a networking company such as LinkedIn. Ive not had to been reinvented send my resume to david cruz anyone in years.

Definitely agree with point # 0 2. Do not use Microsoft Templates to Essay has James Bond been reinvented for the 21st ensure that your resume stands out from the crowd and be sure to research the muet speaking questions job before applying for it and this way you will be able to Essay well has James Bond century? create a customized resume which is cognizant to the needs of the job and hence ensure at least a interview. Every time I write a resume, I dont feel good about it. But when theres a call for an interview, I think theres a hope for me. My resume is not too bad. 18-30 Cook! But what is a value of good resume without the skill for an interview. So, I basically think, a good resume is useless without a good skill for an interview. Resume constructing tips found here really great. Definitely i will follow some of them.Thanks for sharing useful information for job seekers. Whatever your taste, this is Essay Bond been reinvented 21st century?, a great story! Bingo!

I love this blogjust bookmarked it. Thomas Cook! Keep it coming. These tips helped me to make perfect resume and i got my job finally, all credits goes to you..thanks a Lot. Any experienced resume reviewer can advise on the best way to well Bond been reinvented 21st name a resume? Thanks. Heya im for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It really useful it helped me. out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others. like you helped me.

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Mouchette, directed by Essay well has James Bond been for the 21st century? Robert Bresson. By Dan Schneider. Right on on Slavery Art, the heels of his great 1966 film, Au Hasard Balthazar , French film director Robert Bresson embarked on another exploration of the indignity of Essay has James Bond for the 21st, life, this time focusing on the life of and nicky cruz, a troubled teenage French girl from the Essay well has James reinvented for the century?, country, one whose life was sort of a melding of the main female character from the prior film, and its titular donkey. While Mouchette can likewise make claims to greatness, it falls a bit shy of its predecessors mark, mainly due to its endings melodramatic ending versus the naturalistic end of the prior film. Granted, while both films end in their titular characters deaths, and teen girls are wont to social responsibility melodrama that donkeys are not, the ending is still relatively weak.

Also, the fact that the earlier film takes place over well been reinvented for the 21st century? the course of many years, whereas Mouchette takes place over, perhaps, a few weeks or months, allows the latter film a little bit more leeway to try and milk a bit of Essay on Slavery Art, forced drama from its premisejust not enough to make its ending work. The film opens with an on How well Bond been for the 21st century? attractive middle-aged woman (Marie Cardinal), who turns out to be Mouchettes mother, in a church, bemoaning her fate, which seems to include her own death. Then the Immigrants: the Borders Essay, credits roll. We then see a local gamekeeper, Mathieu (Jean Vimenet), following a poacher as he ensnares local fowl. Bresson films the full torture of the animal in a way that no filmmaker, today, could get away with. There seems to be an antagonism between the Essay on How well has James Bond been for the 21st, two men that we see follows them to a local bar, where the 18-30, gamekeeper (despite being married) desires the local barmaid, Louisa (Marine Trichet), who cares not for on How has James reinvented for the 21st century?, him, but lusts for the poacher, Arsene (Jean-Claude Guilbert). We also get to know the main character, Mouchette, a severely poor girl, of anywhere from thomas cook 13 to 16 years of well has James Bond been, age (apparently, the source novel sets her age at 14, and Nortier was really 18, but the film lends no clue), who wears wooden clogs (that do not match her feet), and is an outsider at school, victim of a cruel music teacher, who abuses her, and reflective journal, who hates the richer girls who exclude her. Well 21st? Mouchette even takes to tossing dirtballs at muet speaking questions her rivals.

We see other assaults on her persona, including young perverts who take to exposing their genitalia to her, while calling her Ratface. Worst of all is her home life. Her mother is Essay on How well has James Bond been, dying, her newborn baby brother is uncared for, and her older brother and father (Paul Hebert) are bootleggers who supply the bar Louisa works in. Her older brother ignores her, and her father physically, emotionally, and verbally abuses her. The film moves swiftly through vignettes that paint a portrait of david wilkerson and nicky, static irrelevance and despair in her life. Then, a fair arrives in town, and Mouchette gets two lessons in on How well has James Bond reinvented for the human sexual relations.

The first occurs when a stranger gives her a token to ride the bumper cars, and muet speaking questions, she engages in a bumpy flirtation with a handsome (and seemingly well off) boy who goes out of his way to constantly bump her, then smile. After the ride, Mouchette approaches the Essay on How well been reinvented for the, boy, who seems receptive, until her father intercedes, and smacks the girl for her sluttiness. A bit later, Mouchette sees how Mathieu is and nicky cruz, laughed at by other men who see how Louisa rubs his face in her preference for taking a ride with Arsene. Interestingly, there is a brief shot of the utter shame and embarrassment on the face of Mathieus wife (Marie Susini) that will recur, later in the film, in both Mouchette and her mother, which links the plight of Essay well been reinvented 21st, female sexuality with suffering at masculine behest. The film then enters its central scene, which occupies almost a third of the film. One day, after school, Mouchette decides to make her way home through the woods, but a rainstorm forces her to hide. When the rain stops, it is dark outside. The set up of the scene suggests that what then transpires may be real or not. We see a scene where Mathieu and Arsene argue and fight, then seem to reconcile. Or not.

Arsene stumbles upon Mouchette, then takes her to speaking a straw hut to dry off. He may or may not have killed Mathieu. He is not sure. Essay Well Has James Reinvented For The Century?? Neither is social responsibility, Mouchette. They make up a scenario in case Mathieu is dead. Mouchette agrees to this for reasons that may be an attraction to the older man, may be because she sees him as an outsider like her, or simply because, as she says, She hates them. The them could be the whole world, or just the village they live in. This is on How Bond reinvented for the, left unclear.

Arsene and Mouchette then head back to town, and take refuge in the backroom of david, another saloon. There, they discuss the nights events, and Arsene suffers a petit mal epileptic attack. Mouchette comforts him, and Arsene seems to threaten her, were she to has James Bond for the 21st speak of Mathieu. Then, he tries to thomas cook get affectionate, she rejects him, and weakly tries to hide under a table. I say weakly, because the scene ends with Arsene on top of well has James Bond reinvented 21st century?, Mouchette, near a fire, and they obviously had sex or rather seem ready for cook, it, when the scene fades out. The weakly comes in because the scene is often interpreted as a rape scene, even though it ends with Mouchette embracing Arsene, and well Bond been, clearly not resisting. Furthermore, later on, even though she cries about the incident, and tries to tell her mother about it, she also defends Arsene to Mathieu (who was not killed, further bolstering the idea that the prior night was a dream) and his wife, as her lover. So, the 18-30 thomas cook, fact that she does not escape from Arsene, when she could easily outrun the Essay on How well has James Bond for the 21st, recovering epileptic, the fact that her hiding is half-hearted, the fact that she embraces his advances, and the fact that she calls him her lover, all seem to undermine the rape argument (excepting, of course, if that jurisdiction accounted for statutory rape), and point to a semi-seduction (however awkwardly a presumably virginal teen girl might try that on an older man). And, this aspect of the film, along with its end, has been almost as controversial as the rape scenes in Sam Peckinpahs Straw Dogs , or Alfred Hitchcocks Marnie , that simply were not. Naturally, due to mcdonald's critical cribbing, rather than watching the Essay well for the century?, actual film, most critics have repeated the claim that the sample, sex between the two was a rape. After the night is over, Mouchette returns home, her mother dies, and several of the townsfolk attempt token kindnesses, but these are supplemented with suspicion and suppressed rage, for what reasons are never revealed. An old woman gives Mouchette a dress for her mothers funeral, but, on her way home, Mouchette tears it on a bush, after seeing a rabbit hunt, and one of the unfortunate beasties expire at her feet.

As in the films opening, the real animals were hurt in the film, but for a genuine reason, a good onehigh art, and are recalled long after their deathssmall solace for them, granted, but would a natural death have comforted them more? Then, three times Mouchette uses the rags to roll down a hill toward a lake. On her third attempt, she plops in, althoughtechnicallywe never see her body fall into the water and sink to Essay on How well has James been reinvented 21st the bottom. We also never see any bubbles that would occur if a person fell into water. Now, whereas the end of Au Hasard Balthazar often has critics claim the donkey is dead at films end, when we only see the dying, this film likewise assumes a death, but whether or not we see it is not as important as in the earlier film, which ends with a gentle resignation, before the moment. This film ends with the david wilkerson, willful ignorance of Mouchette, whether or not we see her actual end. And, as mentioned, this ending is not nearly as satisfactory, narratively, emotionally, nor logically, as the Essay on How Bond been reinvented 21st, end of the reflective journal assignment, donkey is. The reason is that, even if one accepts that the Essay well has James Bond century?, girl was raped and her mother died within hours of 18-30 thomas, each other, she still has much going for her. And, despite this end coming from the novel the film was adapted from, Nouvelle Histoire De Mouchette , by Georges Bernanos (from whom Bresson had also adapted his film Diary of a Country Priest ), it is on How well has James for the century?, not a good one; it reeks of an artifice and melodrama that is wildly at david odds with Au Hasard Balthazar , especially considering how often (and surprisingly critically) correctly the two films are paired. Many critics have ascribed this to the fact that, while Mouchette is definitely an well for the century? outsider in her town, she is not a rebel, she is not subversive, therefore she seems almost fated to be crushed.

I do not see evidence for this viewpoint within the frames of the social, film, however. First, a good portion of this assumption comes from accepting the well has James Bond been reinvented 21st century?, view that Bressons cinematic cosmos is 18-30 cook, one of pure acceptance of suffering, with reward in an afterlifebe it from Essay on How well has James Bond been for the century? his earliest films through his later ones. As this is thomas cook, only the third film of his I have seen, I cannot speak with authority on the others, but even in the trio ( Diary of a Country Priest, Au Hasard Balthazar , and this) I have seen, this is demonstrably false. Putting aside the other films, Mouchette clearly is not impassive. Essay Reinvented For The? She resists the bullying of her music teacher, she resists the sneers of her female classmates, she does not let her fathers abuse get to her, she does not give satisfaction to Illegal Immigrants: the Borders Essay examples the young male perverts who flash her, and she stands up to Arsene, even when alone, at night, with a grown mana fact which again points to the fact that his sex with her was not an act of Essay well Bond been for the 21st, rape, and that her initial protestations were simply because she had no idea that immediate domination could be followed by pleasure, as we assume she was a virgin, and journal, one with only a street-level childs mythology of what sex was. Thus, when the filmmaker, when asked to Essay on How has James Bond reinvented for the define what the film was about, replied, Mouchette offers evidence of misery and cruelty. She is speaking test, found everywhere: wars, concentration camps, tortures, assassinations, he was either being coy or wise. Of course the film deals with such negatives, but it also deals with perseverance, pluck, and grit. And, because it does, and Essay Bond reinvented for the 21st, does so, so well, this is on Slavery, a major reason its ending is so poor, perhaps matching the Essay well has James been 21st century?, bad ending of Akira Kurosawas Rashomon . David Cruz? If it had only offered what Bresson claimed, then its ending would have been much better and in line with the film, but, consequently, the whole film would have been much worse! That said, the reason the well has James 21st, film does succeed, and rises to greatness, rests primarily on thomas, the shoulders of the Essay well been reinvented for the century?, lead actress, Nadine Nortier, who, despite little dialogue, conveys great depths within her character, despite being a non-professional actress at the time.

On the other hand, Jean-Claude Guilbert (a professional actor who also appeared in muet questions Au Hasard Balthazar , as another drunkard, Arnold) is Essay on How has James been, also very good. The rest of the cast is david wilkerson, solid. Yet, critical missteps abound, especially when some claim Mouchette is filled with anger. Yes, there may be acts of seeming anger (tossing dirt at well been reinvented century? her female rivals), but clearly the character of Mouchette is a walking mass of desensitisation. This would explain why she reacts the way she does to sex with Arsene, rather than seeing it as her striking back at the world. The cinematography by Ghislain Cloquet is not spectacular, but then it need not be.

It does, however, have the simple look and feel of a film shot decades earlier, and sample reflective journal, one only compare this film with a film like Jean-Pierre Melvilles Le Samourai , a colour film made the same year, to get a sense of just how unique Bressons vision was. The same is true for the scoring of the film, with little music that is not diegetic. On How Has James Been Reinvented 21st Century?? Since the film rises and falls on its tale and performance, the technical aspects merely have to be solid, and they are. The US DVD, put out by The Criterion Collection, is a very good package. The transfer of the speaking test questions, film is on How well has James Bond reinvented for the 21st, first rate, as the responsibility, 81-minute black and white film (Bressons last film sans color) is shown in Essay Bond been reinvented 21st century? a 1.66:1 aspect ratio.

The special features are also quite good. Assignment? They include an insert essay by Robert Polito that is short on critical masturbation, and Essay on How has James Bond for the century?, quite pointed; the films original theatrical trailer by Jean-Luc Godard which, when seen against sample assignment, the film, is well Bond been reinvented for the century?, utterly at cook odds with it; a documentary called Travelling , which is a segment from a TV series called Cinema , and has interviews with Bresson, Nortier, and Guilbert; another documentary, called Au Hasard Bresson , about the director; and on How well has James been 21st, also an audio film commentary by film critic Tony Rayns which flows very well, is not too scripted, is scene-specific in its comments, and conveys both passion and erudition; traits too often missing in most commentaries. His lone weak spot comes when trying to speaking explain (rather justify) the rather weak ending. Rayns claims that death, for the girl, was preferable to life, and that Mouchette had fulfilled her life, with sex and death, in the last day of her life, with the death of the rabbit being the Essay well has James been 21st, final straw; but there is cook, no evidence for this, and Rayns, himself, is dubious over Mouchettes reaction, since she is a girl of the rural life, where hunting is a normal activity. And, while that may be what Bresson intended, and what the character may have thought, a critic needs to Essay on How Bond been reinvented 21st go beyond merely aping explanations put forth by an artist, especially in 18-30 matters that so clearly demonstrate an artistic failure, and Essay well been reinvented for the century?, one which seems to accept, in toto, that failure, merely due to the reputation of the artist as spiritual, therefore beyond needing to make his art cohere. However, despite that failure, Mouchette is a great film, one whose concision heightens its power, and one whose deftness of portrayal burrows more deeply into Essay, matters than its fine, but skeletal, screenplay does. One of the well Bond reinvented for the 21st century?, best techniques Bresson uses to get more out of Illegal Immigrants: examples, each brief scene is through the use of repetitions of actions in unrelated scenes, which then connect those scenes to others. For example, when Mouchettes teacher punishes her and Essay well Bond for the, forces her to sing a song, it is under duress. Mouchette sings that same song while trying to tend to a seizing Arsene. Mouchette is pushed by her father whenever she wants pleasure, and social, she then pushes Arsene before she has sex with him. There is also a scene where Mouchette is wet, working in the bar, and Essay on How well has James Bond reinvented for the 21st, then gets some coins as payment.

Later, in his hut, she is muet speaking questions, wet, and Arsene pays her some coins to go along with his story regarding Mathieus presumed death. What this does is well has James been reinvented for the century?, not only link divergent scenes in a strictly visual and cinematic way, but it emphasises the elliptical and cyclical nature of the on Slavery, film, where recurring images and motifs abound. Yet, all of them are slightly askew, and the camera always seems to look at its lead characters life slightly askance, as if it was somehow recapitulating the clearly warped view of life Mouchette owns. In essence, the film called Mouchette recapitulates the point of view of its character Mouchette, which allows the viewer to both feel a bit of the characters warp, while also being able to step back and intellectually distance oneself and understand the characters warp. Whether or not Bresson intended this doubled perspective on life, it, and many of the films other strengths more than make up for its weak ending, and lift it to a greatness that, while it falls short of the Essay on How well Bond been reinvented for the 21st century?, utmost in the canon of thomas cook, great cinema, nonetheless makes Mouchette a film for which the term great is applied a surety.

There are, certainly, worse ways to misfire, slightly or otherwise. Written under a Creative Commons License, with edits: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/1.0/ Sign up and well send you ebook of 1254 samples like this for on How well has James Bond been reinvented, free !

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amistad story essay Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed people can change the world. Indeed, its the only thing that ever has. -- Margaret Mead Why should my students study the Amistad case? The answer is quite simple: it is a fascinating narrative for several reasons. In fact, it was really the Essay well has James for the 21st, first civil rights case in this country. It happened before the Civil War, at 18-30 thomas a time when black people had few rights, if any at all.

It is well Bond been reinvented for the 21st century?, a David and Goliath story, good vs. evil, right vs. wrong. The case illustrates how the david and nicky cruz, people of New Haven came together for a just cause. It caught popular attention right from the start as is seen in the images published by John Warner Barber in 1840. The incident raised fundamental moral, social, legal, religious, diplomatic, and political questions, and had an impact on American history that continues to be felt today. 1. The case still has relevance today. Connecticut State Senator Toni N. Harp, D-10 was quoted as saying, Americans should use the Amistad spirit to speak out against every attempt to curb freedom in Essay well has James Bond for the the 21st century. 2 According to The Amistad Memorial brochure published by The Amistad Committee, Inc., the triumph of the Amistad teaches us one of the most important lessons of social our time: together we can overcome all odds and strengthen our mutual needs for freedom and Essay Bond for the century? quality of life. The story began in Sierra Leone in thomas cook 1839. Fifty three members of the Mende tribe were kidnapped and taken to the island of Lomboko.

There, the captives were put aboard a Portuguese slave ship named the Tecora. On board, were approximately 500 Africans that would be taken to Havana, Cuba to be sold. 3 A treaty between Great Britain and Spain, which controlled Cuba, made transporting Africans to Cuba for sale technically illegal after 1820. 4 This did not stop the Africans from Essay been century? being sold with false documentation. Two Spaniards, Jose Ruiz and Pedro Montes, purchased the 53 captives in Havana and boarded them on the schooner La Amistad on June 28, 1839. Illegal Immigrants: Essay Examples? The captives were to be transported to the other end of Cuba, a voyage that should have taken three days. Essay Has James Bond Reinvented For The Century?? Cinque (also known at muet test questions Singbe) was the unofficial leader of the group.

He was able to use a loose nail to break free of the well has James Bond been reinvented for the, shackles and then freed the others. Next, there came a mutiny. The Africans killed the captain and most of the crew. Ruiz and Montes were kept alive so that they could sail the boat back to Africa. Cinque had observed that the Tecora had sailed toward the setting sun as it took them away from Africa. To return to Africa, he reasoned, the Amistad should head toward the rising sun. 5 Ruiz and Montes sailed east during the day, but at night turned the cook, boat west, back towards the United States. For weeks, the schooner zigzagged up the coast towards New England. On August 26 the USS Washington of the U.S.

Navy intercepted the schooner about a mile off the coast of Long Island. Ruiz and Montes were only able to give their side of the Essay on How been for the, story and the Africans as well as the vessel were taken to wilkerson and nicky cruz, New London. The 53 Africans were transported to the Jail in New Haven. 6. The supposition is that the navy took the schooner and well been reinvented 21st the captives to Connecticut rather than New York for thomas cook one simple reason. Slavery was legal in Connecticut and not in New York, which meant the salvage rights to slave property, would not be considered in New York courts. On How Reinvented For The 21st? 7. The Amistads cargo and the captives themselves would have been worth $60,000 in sample journal assignment 1839. The Captain and crew of the USS Washington thus would have had a right to the salvage under Connecticut law, but not under New York law. 8. There were several issues that needed to Essay Bond been reinvented century?, be settled by the courts. The Africans had to be defended (1) against claims by the U.S. Navy, who seized the boat and wanted claims against the property (2) the Spanish owners who wanted the slaves and property back, and in America Art (3) against murder and mutiny charges. 9 Also at question was the Anglo-Saxon Treaty of 1817, which outlawed slave trade in Spain and its colonies, including Cuba. 10. The essential issue throughout the affair was a conflict between human rights and property rights -- whether natural law as the abolitionists defined it was to take precedence over what they regarded as positive, man-made law. 11 This was because the Circuit court judge, Smith Thompson, preferred to evade the larger debate over abolition and rested his decision on jurisdictional grounds. 12.

Yale Professor Josiah Gibbs was part of the group of on How well has James been reinvented 21st century? New Haven abolitionists dedicated to helping the Africans legally and financially. Professor Gibbs found two Mende speakers on the docks in New York. James Covey, a freed slave from Sierra Leone, and Charles Pratt, a native of Mende who had also been enslaved by david wilkerson cruz, a Spanish slave trader. On How Well 21st Century?? 13 These two men were essential in having the captives tell their story in their own voice. The Africans went through three rounds of court proceedings. The first was in the Circuit Court in Hartford in September 1839.

During this time, the mcdonald's social responsibility, Africans were held in the Hartford jail. They were transported to Hartford, on Essay Bond for the, barges by way of the Farmington Canal. The Farmington canal line ran from examples New Haven, through Farmington, to Northampton, Massachusetts. The second was in the District Court in New Haven in January 1840. The appeal reached the on How Bond been 21st century?, U.S. Supreme Court in Washington D.C. in February of 1841. Finally, on March 9, 1840 the muet test questions, U.S. Supreme Court issued the verdict that the Africans were free men. The story does not end there. The thirty-six remaining Africans were again transported along the canal line to has James Bond reinvented century?, Farmington to live while abolitionists raised money for their return to Sierra Leone.

Farmingtons many abolitionist residents took an interest in the case during their trials in New Haven and Hartford. Finally, in November of 1841, The Gentleman sailed from New York to return the Africans to Sierra Leone. There has been an journal assignment, ebb and flow of popular interest in the Amistad case. The publics interest has been motivated by various reasons. At the time of the on How has James Bond for the century?, first trial, when the Africans were being held in speaking test questions the New Haven jail, they were treated as a tourist attraction. The jailer charged one New York shilling (about 12 cents) for a look at the captives. The Africans also attracted scientific interest. A phrenologist examined the captives and took life masks which were later put on public display. 14 Phrenology is the antiquated study of the conformation of the skull based on well been reinvented 21st, the belief that it is sample reflective journal assignment, indicative of mental faculties and character. 15.

In 1840, John Warner Barber published a pamphlet of the case, A History of the Amistad Captives. Included in this were several engravings. One engraving, Death of Captain Ferrer, The Capture of the Amistad shows the on How well has James for the 21st, violent death of the Captain at the hands of the muet speaking test, Africans. Essay On How Reinvented For The Century?? Wax figures of the Africans went on tour. The figures spent several weeks in Peales Museum in New York City.

16 While the publics interest was of a voyeuristic nature, the abolitionists had intentions of helping the cause of the Africans. Their efforts included an event at the Broadway Tabernacle in New York City that displayed the david wilkerson cruz, Africans accomplishments. 17. Interior of a Slave Ship from John Warner Barbers A History of the Amistad Captives , 1840, New Haven Museum and Historical Society 18. Death of Captain Ferrer, The Capture of the Amistad from John Warner Barbers A History of the Essay on How well has James Bond been reinvented for the, Amistad Captives , 1840, New Haven Museum and Historical Society 19. In opposition to the circus-like atmosphere that surrounded the captives, was the portrait of Cinque by Nathaniel Jocelyn. The portrait, painted in 1840, was the first depiction of an Essay in America, African as more than just a slave.

Cinque is portrayed in a classical white toga, holding a staff. This pose was usually reserved for heroic white figures. 20 Because of the content of the Essay on How well has James been reinvented, painting, the Artist Fund Society of Philadelphia refused to exhibit the portrait in its annual exhibition. They claimed that to display it might prove injurious both to the proprietors and the institution. Outraged, Jocelyn resigned his membership in the Society. 21. Cinque by Nathaniel Jocelyn, circa 1840. New Haven Museum and sample assignment Historical Society 22. After the Africans returned to Sierra Leone, interest in the case declined.

It was not until the twentieth century that we see another depiction of the Amistad case in New Haven. New Haven became home to several murals funded by the Federal Arts Project during the 1930s. George Dudley Seymour wrote to the project director in 1933 asking that the Amistad event, which was significant in New Havens history, be the subject of a mural. Instead of referencing the historical debate between slavery and abolitionism, or the legal debate that sent the case to the Supreme Court, Theodore Sizer chose to depict the African captives on the New Haven Green performing for Essay on How well has James Bond been for the century? the crowds. 23. Nineteen eighty-nine was the Essay on Slavery in America Art, one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the Amistad incident. It was for this celebration that the city chose to commemorate the case in a markedly different way than it had in the past. The New Haven Museum and Historical Society prepared an exhibition of images and objects from reinvented century? its collection as well as from the mcdonald's social, Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford, Connecticut. The exhibit, titled, Free men: the well reinvented 21st century?, Amistad revolt and the American Anti-Slavery Movement, spent five months at and nicky cruz the New Haven Museum and five months at the Wadsworth Atheneum.

At the closing of the exhibition, the objects and images that belonged to the New Haven Museum became part of well has James been reinvented for the century? their permanent exhibit, Cinque Lives Here . In 1989, The Amistad Committee, Inc. was established in New Haven to promote understanding of this important event. Examples? The committee commissioned sculptor Ed Hamilton to create a bronze sculpture depicting the event. The fourteen-foot sculpture, The Amistad Memorial, stands in front of New Haven City Hall, former site of the jail where the captives were held. The memorial has three sides, each depicting Cinque in a different pose, one in traditional African clothes, one in western clothes in the courtroom, and one after he won his freedom. The statue was dedicated in on How well been reinvented 21st 1992, again bringing a renewed interest in the case. The artist came to New Haven and spoke to many students in New Haven schools. Amistad Memorial, in mcdonald's social responsibility front of New Haven City Hall. The May 1999 release of the Steven Spielberg movie Amistad created national and international interest in the case.

The Academy Award nominated movie starred Matthew McConnaughey, Morgan Freeman, and Anthony Hopkins. The following year, a replica of the ship, built at Mystic Seaport, Mystic, Connecticut made its maiden voyage. It is an almost exact replica of the schooner, with additional room for an engine and a bathroom. The boat has made its home in New Haven harbor as well as making voyages to on How Bond reinvented 21st, Sierra Leone. Visitors can tour the boat or take part in a sail. The unit will begin with several objectives: To use historical documents as educational tools for the experiencing of local histories, to use primary sources -- objects - as a storytelling tool, to Illegal Immigrants: Close Essay examples, have students become familiar with the visual images in their community, to make connections between artwork and has James Bond reinvented for the 21st local history, to Immigrants: Essay examples, work collaboratively to Essay well been for the century?, make a group artwork. The essential questions will be: What sort of objects or images survive from the incident?

Why were some items preserved and others not preserved? How can objects, in this case actual items in the New Haven Museum, tell a story? How has the City of New Haven commemorated this important event in its history? How do we design and create a collaborative piece to commemorate the Amistad case that will visually document the struggle of the Amistad captives? New Haven and its residents played an important role in the both the maritime and mcdonald's responsibility legal journey of the Amistad captives. The case illustrates the Margaret Mead quote at the beginning of the paper. A small group of committed people from New Haven helped bring about change that resonated for on How well has James Bond been reinvented years. 18-30 Thomas Cook? Because Co-op is Essay on How has James Bond been for the 21st century?, located near the historic New Haven Green, we are within walking distance of many of the sites of importance in the Amistad case. We are only one block away from the New Haven Museum and Historical Society (formerly the New Haven Colony Historical Society). The first time I taught the social responsibility, about the Amistad captives, I came across a quote by Dr. John Henrik Clarke in The Middle Passage by Tom Feelings.

He wrote, Of the countless number of Africans ripped from the villages of Africa -- from the has James Bond reinvented for the, Senegal River to northern Angola -- during the sample reflective journal, nearly four centuries of the slave trade, approximately one third of them died on the torturous march to the ships and one third of them died in the holding stations on both sides of the Atlantic or on the ships. If the Atlantic were to dry up, it would reveal a scattered pathway of human bones, African bones marking the various routes of the Middle Passage. I have never forgotten this image. This is the reason I think it is so important to teach all students of the on How Bond been century?, struggle to Essay on Slavery in America Art, overcome such atrocities. I am a visual arts teacher at Cooperative Arts Magnet High School (Co-op), an inter-district magnet high school. Approximately 65% of the students are from the on How well has James been for the 21st century?, city of wilkerson and nicky cruz New Haven and 35% come from surrounding towns.

The students apply for a lottery to come to Co-op and choose an area of the arts to on How has James Bond reinvented for the 21st century?, apply to. This art form will be their area of wilkerson and nicky intensive study for four years. The students may choose from well been reinvented for the music, choral or instrumental, visual art, theater, creative writing, or dance. The Visual Art students take a double period of art, approximately 90 minutes, every day. Students come from muet speaking districts other than New Haven to attend Co-op rather than their local public high schools, primarily because they are interested in studying the arts in a smaller setting. Co-op has 418 students enrolled in grades 9-12. The student population is 65 percent female and 35 percent male, 47 percent Black students, 24 percent Hispanic, 28 percent White and 1 percent Asian American students.

The main languages spoken are English and Spanish with 2 percent English language learners (ELLs). On How Well Been For The Century?? The school has 10 percent students with special education needs. The proportion of students eligible for free or reduced price lunches is speaking test questions, 41 percent, which is higher than the Essay well Bond for the 21st century?, state average. One of the classes that I most enjoy teaching is Art Foundations, a sophomore required class. This course focuses on an overview of the social responsibility, history of art from a global perspective. The course concentrates on history, criticism, and on How has James reinvented century? aesthetics, with studio projects that are designed to clarify course concepts and stimulate student interest. Students participate in lectures, discussions, written assignments, as well as studio work. Illegal Immigrants: The Borders? The course is a double period, yearlong course taught on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. I teach this course in time-line fashion, starting with cave paintings and working our way through history to Pop Art.

I always like to study the Amistad case at the appropriate place in time (before Impressionism) because it is an important part of Essay on How well has James reinvented for the century? local history. Using primary sources in the classroom brings local history to life. Why should we study the responsibility, representations of the Amistad case? Period images and surviving objects give us clues into the importance of the case, subsequent representations, and how it has been commemorated. It offers examples of how to visually document a narrative.

The ways in which the well Bond been reinvented for the 21st, Amistad case has captured popular attention, then subsided, and then reemerged is important for students to understand. Students need to see history is social, oftentimes the viewpoint of the present looking back at the past. By examining how. Essay Has James Bond Been For The 21st? New Haven has engaged with this story over time, students should see a variation of mcdonald's responsibility popular interest over Essay well has James century? time. 1 Diana R. McCain, Free Men: The Amistad Revolt and the American Anti-Slavery Movement. New Haven Colony Historical Society, 1990, 1 2 Randall Beach, Amistad Returns from Yearlong Voyage: Homecoming, Schooners Story Still Inspirational, 22 June 2005, New Haven Register A1 3 Diana R. McCain, Free Men , 3 4 ibid., 4 5 Diana R. McCain, Free Men , 5 6 Clifton Johnson, The Amistad Case and its Consequences in U.S. History, Journal of the New Haven Colony Historical Society , Volume 36, No. 2, Spring 1990.

New Haven Colony Historical Society, 5 7 ibid., 5 8 Douglas O. Social? Linder 2000 http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/amistad/AMI_ACT.HTM, 2. 9 Constance Baker Motley, The Amistad Case and Essay on How well reinvented century? its Consequences in mcdonald's responsibility U.S. History, Journal of the Essay well has James Bond 21st, New Haven Colony Historical Society , Volume 36, No. 2, Spring 1990. New Haven Colony Historical Society, 23 10 Clifton Johnson, The Amistad Case and its Consequences in U.S. History, 5 11 Douglas O. Linder 2000 http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/amistad/AMI_ACT.HTM, 4 12 Howard Jones, Mutiny on the Amistad, The Saga of a Slave Revolt and Its Impact on American Abolition, Law, and Diplomacy. Mcdonald's Responsibility? New York: Oxford University Press, 1987, 11 13 ibid., 43 14 The Africans in America , http://amistad.mysticseaport.org/discovery/story/africans.america.html, 2 15 http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/phrenology 16 op cit., 2 17 ibid., 3 18 Interior of a Slave Ship from on How well has James Bond been 21st John Warner Barbers A History of the Amistad Captives , 1840, New Haven Museum and Historical Society, reprinted with permission of the New haven Museum and Historical Society 19 Death of Captain Ferrer, The Capture of the Amistad from John Warner Barbers A History of the Amistad Captives , 1840, New Haven Museum and Historical Society, reprinted with permission of the speaking, New haven Museum and on How well Bond been reinvented for the Historical Society 20 Caption, Cinque by Nathaniel Jocelyn, circa 1840 New Haven Museum and Art Historical Society 21 Caption, Cinque by Nathaniel Jocelyn, circa 1840 New Haven Museum and Historical Society 22 Cinque by Nathaniel Jocelyn, circa 1840 New Haven Museum and Historical Society, reprinted with permission of the New haven Museum and Historical Society 23 Caption, Amistad mural, Troup Middle School, New Haven by Frank Rutkowski, c 1936-39 New Haven Museum and Historical Society.

Objectives: Students will know how culture, history, and the visual arts influence each other. Students will recognize that the visual arts tell something about the time in history and Essay on How has James Bond been reinvented 21st century? culture. Students will understand the Amistad case and the events leading up to journal, the Africans confinement in New Haven. Discussion about background of the Amistad Case, pictures from has James Bond been reinvented 21st The Middle Passage, map- The Voyage of the Amistad Captives by John O.C. McCrillis, 1989. Objectives: Students will understand and synthesize the various ways the African captives are portrayed in the exhibition. Visit to the New Haven Museum and Historical Society, 114 Whitney Avenue, New Haven to social, see the permanent exhibit, Cinque Lives Here. Has James Bond Been? Materials required -- journal and pencils. Mcdonald's Social Responsibility? Prior to the visit, the Essay on How been reinvented, students will be given background information about the Amistad Case and its importance to New Havens history. At the museum, students will view the exhibit, Cinque Lives Here.

This room includes artwork and artifacts related to assignment, the Amistad case. The exhibit on the second floor, The Federal Art Project in New Haven: The Era, Art Legacy includes a photograph of the Essay has James for the 21st century?, WPA Mural of the Amistad Captives, as well as the sketch for Essay the mural. The students will view Cinque by Essay for the 21st century?, Nathaniel Jocelyn c. 1840. Students will use the three methods of Essay on Slavery in America Art art criticism to Essay Bond reinvented for the 21st century?, write about this painting in their journals: Describe, Analyze and 18-30 cook Interpret. 1. Describe: What do you see in this painting? Make a list of all the things you see. 2. Analyze: How is the on How well has James been 21st century?, work organized? Based on the elements and principles of design, discuss the way the artist has used line, shape, color, value, space, texture, etc. Essay Art? 3. Interpret: what is the artist saying to me? What is happening?

The student will make inferences about the message in the work, going beyond narration. Objectives: Students will practice taking a CAPT style reading for Information test. Essay Well Been Reinvented For The 21st? All tenth grade students in Connecticut must pass the Connecticut Academic Proficiency Test (CAPT). One portion of this test is Reading for Information. The CAPT Reading for Information test requires students to read three non-fiction articles and answer a combination of mcdonald's social responsibility 12 multiple-choice and 6 open-ended questions. There are two types of on How well has James for the 21st century? open-ended questions; Developing and Interpretation and Demonstrating a Critical Stance.

This activity will allow students to practice taking this type of responsibility test. Students will read the article Herald on Essay reinvented for the 21st century?, Amistad Trail from the New York Morning Herald, November 12, 1839. http://amistad.mysticseaport.org/library/news/nymh/1839.11.21.heraldontrial.html. It is an account of the proceedings in court. Students will then use this article for a Reading for Information style test. See Activity Sheet 3. Students receive one point for each multiple-choice question and 0-2 points for each open-ended question, for a total of ten possible points. Herald on Amistad Trail Developing an Interpretation. 1. Sample Journal? According to on How well has James Bond reinvented for the 21st, the article, the court proceedings for the day were: a. about the location of the schooner b. about the language of the captives. c. about the amount of money recovered. 2. The author of this article uses the word libel to mean: a. false accusation b. claim c. custody d. cargo. Demonstrating a Critical Stance. 3. Why did the author include the thomas, quote from Roger Sherman Baldwin, If they are not found to be property, they must be immediately discharged, as it is not pretended that they are criminals. a. Because the court proceedings were about the murder and mutiny. b. Because the court proceedings were about whether the captives were free men that were kidnapped. c. Because the court proceedings were about where the on How well reinvented, captors were from. d. Because the court proceedings were about whether the abolitionists should help the muet speaking questions, captives.

4. Essay Well Been Reinvented? Why did the author include the quote Green was blessed with a very convenient memory. Muet Test? a. Because Green testified that Bannah spoke Spanish. b. Because Green testified that there was more money than really was there. c. Because Green testified that the well has James Bond been reinvented for the 21st, boat was three hundred yard from shore. d. Sample Journal? Because Green testified that Antonio gave Bannah more money than he admitted. Developing an Interpretation. 5. What does the author mean, We shall have some rare disclosures from this fellow, if the abolitionists do not get the well has James 21st century?, opportunity to mcdonald's responsibility, tamper with him.? Demonstrating a Critical Stance. 6. Essay On How Well Has James Reinvented 21st Century?? Why does the author call Green, unworthy of credit. Objectives: Students will synthesize and analyze the various memorials to Art, the Amistad captives. Walking Tour of Amistad Sites.

These sites are all located on or around the on How has James for the century?, New Haven Green. Objective: Students will synthesize and apply their knowledge of the sites of interest in test the Amistad case. Materials needed -- Laminated copy of Doolittle Map, dry erase markers. Students will use the Doolittle Map as a starting point to find the places of interest to this case. The map will be laminated so that the students can mark over it and the map can be wiped clean after the activity. The following questions address the major dimensions considered in Bond been for the 21st CAPT test scoring for the literature section of the test. ____ 1. Forming an initial understanding ____ 2. Developing an Immigrants: Close the Borders Essay examples, interpretation ____ 3. Making a connection ____ 4. Essay Been Reinvented Century?? Demonstrating a critical stance. 1. Reflective Assignment? Describe the main character of the has James Bond reinvented for the 21st, movie. 2. Describe the setting. 3. What is the Theme (main point or message) of the movie? 4. What symbols are used in this movie?

5. What is the main conflict in this movie? 6. In America? How does the main character change from the beginning of the story to the end? What do you think causes this change? 7. Discuss your connection to the story. What does this story say about people in general? In what ways does it remind you of people you have known or experiences you have had? Use specific examples from the movie to explain your thinking. 8. Well Bond For The 21st? Imagine yourself as a juror.

Who would you believe before the testimony? 9. Chose one of the following quotes to discuss: 10. Discuss the relationship between Roger Sherman Baldwin and Cinque. How did it change throughout the film? Objectives: Students will understand how the differences in time and on Slavery attitude have changed how the Amistad case has been commemorated.

Students should read excerpts from Fred Wilsons Mining the on How has James century?, Museum. The teacher will lead discussion of the following: How were the Africans portrayed at the time of the trials? (1839 to 1850s) (Wax figures, silhouettes, on display, portrait of Cinque), how were the Africans commemorated in the 1930s? (WPA mural showing the Africans performing on the New Haven Green), how are they commemorated now? (1989 to the present) (Amistad Memorial, Grove Street Cemetery Memorial, Cinque Lives Here, Amistad movie by Steven Spielberg) Students should reflect on Illegal Immigrants: examples, this discussion in their journals. Collaborative mural, using collage, names of the captives, and maps. Materials for Activity: Rolls of Essay on How has James Bond reinvented century? brown craft paper, black construction paper, examples of heddle loom weavings, copies of the silhouettes of captives and their names and descriptions, white drawing paper, tempera paint, scissors, glue, map of Cuba, United States, Africa. Each student will be given the name of mcdonald's social responsibility one or two of the captives, a copy of the silhouettes and the written descriptions from the Journal of the New Haven Colony Historical Society. These should be glued into on How well has James reinvented for the 21st century?, the students journal. By reading the mcdonald's social, description of the Africans, the well has James Bond, students should establish empathy for the Africans as individuals. Students should make a larger version of the silhouette on black paper.

The Africans name will be written under each silhouette. Three students should be assigned the maps to recreate, one of 18-30 cook Africa, the United States, and Cuba. The route of the ships, The Tecora, The Amistad , and The Gentleman should be indicated on the maps. Two long sheets of brown craft paper can be used for the background. The silhouettes, names, and maps should be glued onto the background. Been? Students can work together to create a title for the mural. David Wilkerson Cruz? As a border for the whole piece, students should recreate, with paint, examples of double heddle-loom weavings.

These weavings are traditional to the people of Sierra Leone. These colorful painted strips can be glued around the outside edge of the mural. Students can also be assigned to write the caption for the mural. The Amistad Memorial, the Amistad Committee, Inc. Pamphlet describing the memorial and the artist, Ed Hamilton. The Africans in America, http://amistad.mysticseaport.org/discovery/story/africans.america.html.

Article that tells of the Bond been century?, many visual images of the Africans and the public displays in 1839 and 1840. Essay On Slavery Art? Bayless, D. Hayne. From Leg Irons to Cast Bronze: Narrative Sculpture tell Slaves Story, 20 September 1992, New Haven Register D1. Interview with the sculptor and designer of the Amistad Memorial, Ed Hamilton. Beach, Randall. Amistad Returns from Yearlong Voyage: Homecoming, Schooners Story Still Inspirational, 22 June 2005, New Haven Register A1, A4. Description of the on How has James Bond been reinvented century?, schooners return to New Haven and in America Art give excellent rationale for the continued study of the Amistad story. Cashman, Dennis. Amistad Revisited, 17 August 1997, New Haven Register F1. Interview with author David Pesci about his novel Amistad, and information about an 21st century?, exhibit at speaking questions the Wadsworth Atheneum in Essay on How has James reinvented for the Hartford, Amistad: The First Decade and Beyond.

Harris, Jennifer. Textiles: 5000 years, An International History and Illustrated Survey . New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Publisher, 1993. Shows examples of double heddle loom weavings from Sierra Leone. 18-30? Jones, Howard. Mutiny on the Amistad, The Saga of a Slave Revolt and Its Impact on Essay well Bond been 21st, American Abolition, Law, and Diplomacy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987. Journal of the New Haven Colony Historical Society, Volume 36, No. 2, Spring 1990.

New Haven Colony Historical Society. Journal Assignment? A concise and on How well reinvented comprehensive account of the Amistad case. Includes silhouettes and descriptions of the cook, Africans. Kramer, Harold R. Farmington Canal Linear Park Page, http://www.wj1b.com/Pages%cheshire/linear.park.htm. Short description of places in Farmington associated with the Africans. McCain, Diana R. Free Men: The Amistad Revolt and the American Anti-Slavery Movement. New Haven Colony Historical Society, 1990. A short guide to Essay on How well reinvented for the 21st century?, the Amistad case including many visuals.

Stein, Judith E. Sins of Omission: Fred Wilsons Mining the Museum, Art in America, October 1993. A synopsis of article written about Mining the Museum (Fred Wilsons curated exhibit at the Maryland Historical Society of Boston) for Art in America . Thompson, Barbara. Fred Wilson, So Much Trouble in the World Believe it or Not http://hoodmuseum.dartmouth.edu/exhibitions/fred/wilson/fredwilsonpressr.html. Interview with Fred Wilson prior to his exhibit at Dartmouth Colleges Hood Museum. The U.S.

Navy and the Amistad, March 31,1998 http://www.history.navy.lil/faqs55-1.htm. Questions? Facts of the U.S. Navys role in the Amistad case. Facts of the first trial against the Africans as it pertains to the United States treaty with Spain. Examples of has James Bond double heddle loom weaving.

Photographs of some of the important Amistad sites in New Haven. Responsibility? Feelings, Tom. The Middle Passage, White Ships, Black Cargo . New York: Dual Books, 1995. An emotionally moving illustrated book with an introduction by Dr. Henrik Clarke. Herald on Amistad Trial, New York Morning Herald, 21 Nov., 1839. One of the many articles reporting on the Amistad captives and the trial. Linder, Douglas, O. Essay Well Bond Been 21st Century?? 2000 http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/amistad/AMI_ACT.HTM. David Cruz? Timeline: The Amistad Revolt, http://amistad.mysticseaport.org/timeline/amistad.html. Useful list of all of the on How has James for the 21st century?, events of the Amistad Case.

Africans in Chains. Social? John Warner Barber, 1840, New Haven Museum and Historical Society. Bond Reinvented For The Century?? Original art depicting the captives. Photograph of The Amistad Captives, Hugo Ohlms 1930 WPA Mural, Troup Academy, New Haven, at the New Haven Museum and Historical Society. Photos of the mural by Hugo Ohlms. The mural shows a scene of the Africans performing on thomas, the New Haven Green. Amistad Movie, Spielberg, S. (Director). (May 4, 1999) Amistad [Motion Picture] Dreamworks Video. Academy award nominated movie chronicling the Amistad captives and their fight for on How well has James for the 21st century? freedom. Cinque.

Oil on canvas by Nathaniel Jocelyn (1796-1881). New Haven, c.1840. Journal? New Haven Museum and Historical Society. Oil portrait of Cinque in a heroic pose. Doolittle Map, 1824.

Shows the Essay well 21st, original nine squares of the New Haven Green and surrounding area. Eastern View of New Haven Green. John Warner Barber, woodcut, 1840, New Haven Museum and Historical Society. View of the New Haven Green. Interior of a Slave Ship from John Warner Barbers A History of the 18-30 thomas, Amistad Captives 1840.

New Haven Museum and Historical Society. Depiction of the hold of a slave ship showing captives in a space three feet high. La Amistad. Watercolor on paper by an unknown artist. Connecticut after 1839. New Haven after 1839. New Haven Museum and Historical Society.

Painting of the Essay well has James been reinvented for the 21st, schooner. Mutiny on the Amistad. Hale woodruff, oil on canvas, c. 1941, New Haven Museum and Historical Society. Scene of the mutiny. Newspaper advertisement for on Slavery the New Haven Museum, New Haven Palladium, 1841, New Haven Museum and Historical Society. Copy of well been reinvented for the 21st actual newspaper article. Newspaper article from the Daily Herald, September 16, 1839, written by Josiah Gibbs, New Haven Museum and Historical Society.

Copy of actual newspaper article. The Voyage of the Amistad Captives. John O.C. McCrillis, 1989, New Haven Museum and Historical Society. Map showing the route of the captives, Africa, Cuba, and North America. The following standards will be implemented in the activities described in this unit. New Haven Public Schools Power Standards for the Visual Arts. 1. Communicate in david wilkerson and nicky art media, techniques, and processes. (Art Making) 2. Reflect upon, decide, analyze, interpret and evaluate ones artwork and that of others. (Response to Art)

The following standard will be addressed with activities at the New Haven Museum. 3. Making connections between the visual arts, other disciplines, and Essay well has James 21st daily life.

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The quality of david milk is a very important aspect of milk production. Milk payment systems and consumer acceptance are, to has James been reinvented century?, a great extent, based on it. Automatic milking is muet test questions a fully automated process. Essay Well Been 21st Century?? Visual control of the milk is not possible as during conventional milking. Therefore, the milk quality needs to be managed in on Slavery, a different manner. Several devices such as sensors for conductivity, color and temperature of the Essay well reinvented, milk, yield measurement and machine on muet speaking, time figures are integrated and inform the farmer on the status of the on How has James been, milk. We only mcdonald's social responsibility, know that in India there are huge numbers of people depends on on How well has James reinvented for the 21st, milk giving animals. And Nicky? They supply milk to Essay on How well has James Bond been for the century?, Dairies and it reaches to us in the form of various milk products like cheese, milk, butter, milk powder and so on. Actually what happens to the milk, how it is processed?

What makes the milk conducive to health? What treatment it receives? And how various milk products are prepared? Even though with modern automation in place, the need to configure design process itself, specifically looking at methodologies for generating optimal dairy processing. Flow sheets over a range of journal assignment scales, from raw milk to final product and packaging, are most sought after. Automation is Essay on How well has James been reinvented for the 21st century? delegation of human control functions to technical equipment for increasing productivity, better quality, increase safety in 18-30 thomas, working conditions reducing manpower reduced cost. Manufacturing of products under the has James Bond for the 21st, control of computers and programmable controllers, manufacturing assembly lines as well as stand-alone machine tools (CNC machines) and robotic devices can be used for dairy automation. Essay In America? Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) in combination attract the well been for the 21st, need of the project for its capability to provide over all fast and reliable control for large process automation needs. Automation in various process industries using PLC and SCADA has gained high importance due to efficient reliable control.

Dairy industry is responsibility one area in which automation plays an has James Bond been reinvented century? important role to control, automate and stream line the and nicky cruz, process. Modern day dairy plants are capable of processing large volume of products, from raw milk to final packaging of various milk based products. The dairy industry is divided into two main production areas: ' Primary production of milk in farms. ' Processing of milk The aim of Essay on How been reinvented 21st this project is to study the Illegal Close the Borders Essay examples, dairy process automation, to suggest any scope of improvement in the milk processing and on How Bond reinvented for the 21st packaging and to implement them using PLC SCADA. Brief History Of Work. 2.1 History Of PLC. The first PLC can be traced back to 1968 when Bedford Associates, a company in sample, Bedford, MA, developed a device called a Modular Digital Controller for General Motors (GM). The MODICON, as it was known, was developed to help GM eliminate traditional relay-based machine control systems. Well Has James Been Century?? Because relays are mechanical devices, they have limited lifetimes.

They are also cumbersome, especially in thomas cook, large applications where thousands of Essay on How well has James reinvented 21st century? them may exist. With so many relays to work with, wiring and troubleshooting could be quite complicated. Since the responsibility, MODICON was an electronic device, not a mechanical one, it was perfect for GM's requirements, as well as for on How Bond 21st century?, many other manufacturers and users of Immigrants: Close examples control equipment. With less wiring, simpler troubleshooting, and easy programming, PLC technology caught on quickly. PLCs are often defined as miniature industrial computers that contain hardware and on How has James reinvented for the 21st century? software that is used to perform control functions. A PLC consists of Illegal Close the Borders two basic sections: the central processing unit (CPU) and the input/output interface system.

The CPU, which controls all PLC activity, can further be broken down into the processor and memory system. The input/output system is physically connected to field devices (e.g., switches, sensors, etc.) and provides the interface between the on How Bond reinvented, CPU and Close the Borders Essay examples the information providers (inputs) and controllable devices (outputs). PLCs can be divided into at Essay on How well has James Bond reinvented least three categories: ' Full-size, for top level applications requiring fast program execution with very short instruction cycle times. They are capable of supporting several CPUs for multiprocessing to provide more processing power. They offer the TCP/IP communication capability over general purpose networks to the supervisory workstations, and support field bus data transmission with equipment controllers. ' Middle-size, intended for industrial automated systems of medium power. And Nicky Cruz? They offer a large choice of analog and digital input/output modules. They are usually connected to well has James Bond been reinvented for the, a field bus on one side and to the equipment on the other side; their speed is not an important parameter, the amount of data transferred is 18-30 thomas cook small and the average price per function is Essay has James Bond 21st low. ' Small or micro-size, for direct interface with sensors and actuators. Illegal Immigrants: The Borders Essay? They are very simple electrically and mechanically and are sometimes integrated with the intelligent sensor itself, they are characterized by short reaction times and they transfer a small amount of Essay well has James Bond reinvented for the century? data.

To operate, the CPU reads input data from connected field devices through the use of its input interfaces, and then executes, or performs the control program that has been stored in david, its memory system. Programs are typically created in ladder logic, a language that closely resembles a relay-based wiring schematic, and well Bond been reinvented century? are entered into the CPU's memory prior to operation. Illegal Immigrants: Close? Finally, based on the program, the PLC writes, or updates output devices via the output interfaces. This process, also known as scanning, continues in the same sequence without interruption, and changes only been reinvented for the, when a change is responsibility made to on How well been 21st century?, the control program. As PLC technology has advanced, so have programming languages and communications capabilities, along with many other important features. Cruz? Today's PLCs offer faster scan times, space efficient high-density input/output systems, and special interfaces to allow non-traditional devices to be attached directly to the PLC. Not only can they communicate with other control systems, they can also perform reporting functions and diagnose their own failures, as well as the has James, failure of a machine or process. When you consider all of the advances PLCs have made and all the benefits they offer, it's easy to see how they've become a standard in the industry, and why they will most likely continue their success in assignment, the future. 2.1. (A) Interacting With PLCs. Occasionally, users will need to interact with the PLC to program or configure it.

They also need a means through which the PLC can communicate errors or alarms. Users interface with PLCs in a number of ways. All PLCs include ports or network capabilities through which they can receive the user programming. For other interactions, some PLCs employ a series of switches or LEDs, while others use a text-based display. Still others employ a web-based interface that connects with users through a PC. PLCs are finding their application in accelerators, technical services, experiments and in the laboratory for equipment test-beds. Well Been For The Century?? The technical requirements of the responsibility, accelerators, the technical services and the experiments are mostly the same. Thus, a range of Essay reinvented 21st century? PLC products is needed for general purpose applications in a large diversity of fields such as electricity, water, gas, cryogenics, cooling, ventilation, process control, magnet control, machinery, personnel access and safety systems. It is planned to use PLCs for accelerator specific systems like: interlocks for main magnet power supplies, beam targets, dumps, stoppers, collimators, aperture limiters and the Borders Essay examples beam extraction electronics. 2.2 Diagram Of Process Flow Chart.

Figure.2.0 Process Flow. 2.3 Process Flow. Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals. It is the primary source of nutrition for young mammals before they are able to digest other types of food. Early-lactation milk contains colostrums, which carries the Essay reinvented for the 21st century?, mother's antibodies to Art, the baby and can reduce the on How well has James Bond been reinvented century?, risk of many diseases in the baby. It also contains many other nutrients. As an reflective assignment agricultural product, milk is extracted from on How well reinvented mammals during or soon after pregnancy and used as food for humans. Worldwide, dairy farms produced about 730 million ton of milk in 2011. Essay Examples? India is the world's largest producer and consumer of milk, yet neither exports nor imports milk. New Zealand, the European Union's 28 member states, Australia, and the United States are the world's largest exporters of Essay well Bond been reinvented for the 21st century? milk and milk products. China and Russia are the world's largest importers of milk and milk products.

Throughout the world, there are more than 6 billion consumers of milk and milk products. Over 750 million people live within dairy farming households. Milk is a key contributor to improving nutrition and food security particularly in Illegal Close the Borders Essay, developing countries. Improvements in livestock and dairy technology offer significant promise in reducing poverty and malnutrition in Essay on How Bond reinvented for the, the world. Despite all the speaking test, preventive hygiene measures, the raw milk delivered to dairies by agricultural businesses still contains unwanted foreign substances ' such as somatic cells and blood from the udders, contaminants from the air and dirt from contact with the on How well has James Bond been reinvented for the, milking machines, the milk lines and the transport vehicles. The flow chart involves the various following processes: 1. Milk receipt tank. 2. Filter and clarification. The each and every above process is briefly explained as follows: 1. Milk Receipt Tank: This tank consists of the milk that is brought to the industry from source like farms.

Here the milk is just stored and care is taken that the stored milk is safe and will then further it is taken for the further process. Separation and clarification can be done at the same time in one centrifuge. Particles, which are more dense than the continuous milk phase, are thrown back to the perimeter. The solids that collect in the centrifuge consist of dirt, epithelial cells, leucocytes, corpuscles, bacteria sediment and sludge. The amount of Essay on Slavery in America solids that collect will vary, however, it must be removed from the centrifuge. More modern centrifuges are self-cleaning allowing a continuous separation/clarification process. This type of Essay on How well been reinvented 21st century? centrifuge consists of a specially constructed bowl with peripheral discharge slots. These slots are kept closed under pressure.

With a momentary release of pressure, for about 0.15 s, the contents of sediment space are evacuated. This can mean anywhere from 8 to 25 L are ejected at Intervals Of 60 Min. For One Dairy, Self-Cleaning Translated To A Loss Of 50 L/Hr Of Milk. Filtered milk (UF milk) is a sub classification of milk protein concentrate that is produced by passing milk under pressure through a thin, porous membrane to separate the components of milk according to their size, permitting greater efficiency in cheese making. Specifically, filtration allows the smaller lactose, water, mineral, and vitamin molecules to pass through the membrane, while the larger protein and david and nicky fat molecule are retained and concentrated. The removal of water and well been for the 21st lactose reduces the Illegal examples, volume of milk, and on How been for the 21st century? thereby lowers its transportation and storage costs. Illegal Close The Borders Essay? Filtration makes cheese manufacturing more efficient and can benefit consumers if cost savings are passed on. Pasteurization or pasteurization is on How well has James for the 21st a process of heating a food, which is usually a liquid, to a specific temperature for mcdonald's social, a predefined length of time and Essay on How Bond then immediately cooling it after it is removed from the heat. This process slows spoilage caused by microbial growth in the food.

Unlike sterilization, pasteurization is not intended to kill all micro-organisms in 18-30, the food. Instead, it aims to reduce the number of viable pathogens so they are unlikely to cause disease (assuming the pasteurized product is stored as indicated and is consumed before its expiry date). Commercial-scale sterilization of on How well Bond for the 21st century? food is not common because it adversely affects the taste and quality of the product. Thomas? Certain foods, such as dairy products, may be superheated to ensure pathogenic microbes are destroyed. Milk should be clarified by separators to improve milk quality ' for good reason: As a basic food, milk is on How well has James 21st subject to national and international laws. Muet Speaking Questions? The aim of these laws is to Essay on How Bond for the 21st century?, ensure that milk and dairy products are brought into journal assignment, circulation only in perfect condition which will not harm health. Centrifuges can be used to separate the Essay well has James reinvented 21st, cream from the skim milk. Under the 18-30 cook, influence of centrifugal force the fat globules (cream), which are less dense than the skim milk, move inwards through the separation channels toward the Essay well Bond been century?, axis of rotation. The skim milk will move outwards and leaves through a separate outlet. The streams of skim and cream after separation must be recombined to a specified fat content. This can be done by adjusting the throttling valve of the cream outlet; if the valve is completely closed, all milk will be discharged through the thomas, skim milk outlet.

As the valve is progressively opened, larger amounts of cream with diminishing fat contents are discharged from the cream outlet. With direct standardization the cream and has James 21st century? skim are automatically remixed at the separator to provide the cruz, desired fat content. 3.1 What Is Automation? Automation is the use of Essay on How has James Bond been century? various control system for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching in telephone networks, steering and Essay Art stabilization of ships or aircraft and other applications with minimal or reduced human intervention. Some processes have been completely automated. The biggest benefit of automation is that it saves labor; however, it is also used to save energy and on How well has James Bond reinvented materials and to improve quality, accuracy and precision. The term automation, inspired by the earlier word automatic was not widely used before 1947, when General Motors established the automation department. It was during this time that industry was rapidly adopting feedback controllers, which were introduced in the 1930s. Automation has been achieved by various means including mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, and muet test electronic and computers, usually in combination.

Complicated systems, such as modern factories, airplanes and ships typically use all these combined techniques. 3.2 Types Of Automations. a. Feedback control. b. Essay On How Well Been Reinvented 21st Century?? Sequential control and logical sequence control. c. 18-30? Computer control. a. Feedback Control. Feedback control is accomplished with a controller.

To function properly a controller must provide correction in a manner that maintains stability. Maintaining stability is Essay on How well been 21st a principle objective of control theory. As an example of david wilkerson and nicky feedback control, consider a steam coil air heater in which a temperature sensor measures the temperature of the heated air, which is the measured variable. This signal is Essay has James been for the 21st constantly fed back to the controller, which compares it to the desired setting (set point). The controller calculates the on Slavery in America Art, difference (error) then calculates a correction and sends the correction signal to adjust the air pressure to a diaphragm that moves a positioned on well, the steam valve, opening or closing it by the calculated amount. Sample Reflective Journal Assignment? All the elements constituting the measurement and control of a single variable are called a control loop.

The complexities of this are that the quantities involved are all of different physical types; the Essay well Bond been reinvented for the 21st century?, temperature sensor signal may be electrical or pressure from an enclosed fluid, the controller may employ pneumatic, hydraulic, mechanical or electronic techniques to sense the error and send a signal to adjust the Illegal Essay examples, air pressure. The first controllers used analog methods to perform their calculations. Analog methods were also used in solving differential equations of control theory. The electronic analog computer was developed to solve control type problems and electronic analog controllers were also developed. Analog computers were displaced by digital computers when they became widely available. Common applications of feedback control are control of temperature, pressure, flow, speed. B. Sequential Control And Logical Sequence Control. Sequential control may be either to Essay on How has James Bond 21st, a fixed sequence or to a logical one that will perform different actions depending on 18-30 cook, various system states. An example of a adjustable but otherwise fixed sequence is a timer on a lawn sprinkler. An elevator is an example that uses logic based on the system states. A basic form of sequential control is relay logic by Essay well has James Bond reinvented for the which electrical relays engage electrical contacts which either start or interrupt power to a device.

Relay logic was developed when starting and stopping industrial sized electric motors, opening and 18-30 closing solenoid valves and starting and stopping other devices was done with relays, timers and other electrical hardware. More complicated examples involve start up and on How reinvented for the 21st century? shut down sequences for the Borders, equipment, in which a number of safety precautions can be taken by good design of control logic. The number of relays, cam timers and drum sequencers can number into Essay on How has James been reinvented century?, the hundreds or even thousands in some factories. Special computers called programmable logic controllers were designed to replace many of these hardware items and to add a higher level of functionality. In a typical hard wired motor start and stop circuit (called a control circuit) a motor is started by pushing a Start or Run button that activates a pair of electrical relays. The lock-in relay locks in contacts that keep the control circuit energized when the push button is released. (The start button is a normally open contact and the stop button is normally closed contact.). Another relay energizes a switch that powers the device that throws the motor starter switch (three sets of contacts for three phase industrial power) in the main power circuit. (Note: Large motors use high voltage and experience high in-rush current, making speed important in making and mcdonald's social responsibility breaking contact. This can be dangerous for personnel and property with manual switches.). All contacts are held engaged by their respective electromagnets until a stop or off button is pressed that de-energizes the lock in relay.

See diagram: Motor Starters Hand-Off-auto With Start-Stop. c. On How Bond Been? Computer Control. Computers can perform both sequential control and feedback control, and typically a single computer will do both in an industrial application. Programmable logic controllers (PLCs) are a type of special purpose microprocessor that replaced many hardware components such as timers and on Slavery in America drum sequencers used in Essay well has James been for the 21st, relay logic. General purpose process control computers have increasingly replaced stand alone controllers, with a single computer able to perform the operations of hundreds of controllers. Test Questions? Process control computers can process data from a network of PLCs, instruments and controllers in Essay on How well has James Bond been for the, order to implement typical (such as PID) control of many individual variables or, in some cases, to implement complex control algorithms using multiple inputs and mathematical manipulations.

They can also analyze data and create real time graphical displays for operators and run reports for engineers and management. Control of an automated teller machine (ATM) is a example of an interactive process in Essay in America, which a computer will perform a logic derived response to a user selection based on information retrieved from Essay on How Bond been for the a networked database. The ATM process has a lot of similarities to other online transaction processes. The different logical responses are called scenarios. Such processes are typically designed with the aid of use cases and flowcharts, which guide the writing of the software code.

3.3 Different Control Systems Used In Automation. a. HMI Controller based control system. b. DCS based Control system. c. PC based control system. d. PLC Based automation system. a. Immigrants: Close The Borders? Human Machine Interface (HMI) In complex systems, the human-machine interface is typically computerized. Essay On How Well Has James 21st Century?? The term Human-computer interface refers to this kind of systems. The engineering of the Essay in America Art, human-machine interfaces is by considering ergonomics (Human Factors). The corresponding disciplines are Human Factors Engineering (HFE) and Usability Engineering (UE), which is part of on How has James Bond been reinvented for the 21st century? Systems Engineering. Tools used for incorporating the human factors in the interface design are developed based on Essay on Slavery in America Art, knowledge of computer science, such as computer graphics, operating systems, programming languages.

Nowadays, we use the expression Graphical User Interface for Human-Machine Interface on Essay on How well Bond 21st, computers, as nearly all of them are now using graphics. 18-30 Thomas Cook? Primary methods used in on How well been reinvented for the century?, the interface design include prototyping and simulation. b. Distributed Control System (DCS) A distributed control system refers to mcdonald's responsibility, a control system usually of a manufacturing system, process or any kind of dynamic system, in which the controller elements are not central in location (like the brain) but are distributed throughout the system with each component sub-system controlled by one or more controllers. c. PC Based Control System.

Compact, low-cost and yet advanced process-control engineering can be achieved based on Programmable Controllers. d. PLC Based Automation System. PLC Automation panels are used in Process Control application in industries such as . Steel / Aluminum / Wire and Cable / Tyre Tube / Packaging / Plastic / Polyfilms / Pharmaceuticals / Defense / Automobile / Power Plant / Marine / LPG Gas Oil / Cement / In fracture / Crane Automation etc. Programmable Logic Controller. A Programmable Logic Controller, PLC or Programmable Controller is a digital computer used for automation of on How has James Bond been electromechanical processes, such as control of machinery on factory assembly lines, amusement rides, or light fixtures. The abbreviation PLC and the term Programmable Logic Controller are registered trademarks of the Allen-Bradley Company (Rockwell Automation). PLCs are used in many industries and machines. Illegal Close Examples? Unlike general-purpose computers, the PLC is designed for Essay on How has James reinvented 21st century?, multiple inputs and output arrangements, extended temperature ranges, immunity to electrical noise, and resistance to mcdonald's social, vibration and impact.

In essence, a programmable logic controller reads its input signals and Essay reinvented for the 21st responds to sample reflective journal assignment, them by turning the Essay on How has James Bond been reinvented for the century?, output modules on or off. It functions under the classic if/then scenario, only on a much more complicated scale since it controls multiple input and output devices, all of which must be responded to immediately and constantly as designated by the user program. The unit's output modules usually consist of devices like lights, switches, starters, valves, solenoids, and displays. Programs to control machine operation are typically stored in battery-backed-up or non-volatile memory. A PLC is an social example of a hard real time system since output results must be produced in response to Essay on How well 21st century?, input conditions within a limited time, otherwise unintended operation will result. PLCs are incredibly valuable pieces of technology, since a single unit can often replace hundreds or thousands of relays. Though they were originally designed for the automotive industry, PLCs have since been implemented in a number of different fields.

In large part, the on Slavery in America, automation processes in most modern factories are facilitated by on How Bond for the PLCs. These devices are designed to follow their programming instructions precisely, which is thomas especially vital in a factory assembly line setting where a small mistake or miscalculation can result in costly errors. Some PLCs function on a very basic level; others are capable of controlling higher-level, more complicated processes. On How Well Been Reinvented? They can be used for a wide variety of input/output functions and timing applications. Illegal Immigrants:? They also offer motion control and complex networking capabilities. Figure-4.1 Multiple Inputs And Multiple Outputs PLC. 4.1. (A) PLCs Are Preferred Because: 1) Consistency in manufacturing can be easily achieved. 2) Complete control of the on How well been reinvented century?, manufacturing process can be achieved. 3) Accuracy and quality can be improved.

4) Productivity can be improved. 5) Makes it easy to work in wilkerson, difficult or hazardous environment. 4.2 Why PLC Is Used In Automation? PLC play a vital role in Essay has James been for the 21st century?, automaton, programmable logic controller device can manage and sample reflective journal control entire industry to produce better and quick Response. A PLC is a digital computer used for automation of on How well has James reinvented for the 21st industrial processes, like controlling machinery or factory assembly lines. Unlike desktop computers, PLCs are have multiple inputs and outputs, operate under extended temperature ranges, have immunity to electrical noise, and have resistance to vibration and impact. Programs to thomas, control machine operation are usually stored in on How has James Bond been century?, battery-backed or non-volatile memory. The main difference between PLC and other computer is that plc has multiple inputs and outputs then can do multiple works at muet speaking moments, you can produce more output quickly. 1. Less cost to implement: For the cost of relays and timers to automate about 3 lines for conveying product from finishing machine to packaging machine, you could pay for a PLC to Essay on How well has James reinvented 21st, do the same job. In general, a PLC system would make production more flexible and responsive.

2. Reliability: Relays and Electro-mechanical timers (magnetic control), are susceptible to electrical / mechanical failure. With PLCs the control logic is non-mechanical, (solid state). And with the PLC, you can program extra logic to monitor and test itself for possible failure at no extra cost. This would make safety circuits more safe, and reduce process variability. With PLC control you could increase compatibility with existing equipment, scalability, improving ease of use, and providing a common look and david cruz feel. 3. Speed: The PLC can speed up operation of Essay Bond machines that you could not obtain with that old out dated relay logic. Control logic makes decisions more accurate and faster than a human operator could hope to cook, achieve. Timers can be set to hundredths of a second to compensate for has James reinvented, external variables, and social responsibility enhance safety. 4. Greater functionality: PLCs have the ability to compare real-time values and make decisions based on Essay on How Bond been reinvented century?, that comparison.

They can do complex mathematical functions, and adjust the machine accordingly. The greater functionality allows you to cook, design logic that can automatically adjust for on How Bond been reinvented for the, different machine products, there by reducing downtime for setups and speaking machine change over. 5. Safety: In the past with relay control logic, safety circuit implementation was weighed out on a cost verses likely hood method. In other words, the basic emergency stop button, relying on operators to stop the machine before an accident occurred. Usually do to distractions and slow reaction time of Essay on How has James Bond for the century? humans, the button wasn't pressed until after the 18-30 thomas cook, damage was done. With PLCs, you can cover 99% of all the well Bond been for the century?, possible safety risk, and the only cost is the time it takes to add a few rungs of muet speaking logic to your program. Safety curtains are about the well has James been for the 21st, most expensive item, but well under the cost of an accident. Using the PLC to monitor safety risks is equivalent to having a full time employee watching, but with quicker reaction time than any human.

6. Less downtime: Downtime can be broken down in to david wilkerson and nicky, two separate areas. Scheduled and non scheduled. DuPont has been quoted as saying: Maintenance is the single largest controllable cost opportunity, representing $100-$300 million per year corporate-wide. Scheduled down time will be less if that time is for machine modifications, which require less work with PLCs. Some of the preventive maintenance can be automated through the PLC to even further reduce down time. Unscheduled downtime can be broken down (no pun intended), further into two groups: Troubleshooting and repair. The more complex our systems become, the more beneficial it is to write logic that will not only isolate failures but also indicate potential failures that may occur in the near future.The trouble shooting down time can be reduced by 90%. This is accomplished by utilizing the sensors already in on How been reinvented for the 21st, place, to do testing through PLC logic to isolate where trouble is originating. Repair is muet test usually only a fraction of the on How well has James reinvented 21st, time it takes to find the problem. Essay On Slavery In America Art? It's not uncommon to spend hours tracking down a limit switch that is bent, or a dirty proximity sensor. The cost to find the problem is more expensive than the cost to repair it.

With PLCs the cost to find the Essay on How well Bond been reinvented, problem is greatly reduced. A PLC has following sections and each section has unique job to perform. 1) The sensing section. This section consists of limit switches, photoelectric sensors, push buttons etc. These incoming hardware devices provides input signal to the PLC. These devices are also called as field input devices. The term 'field input is used because this device provides incoming signals that are tangible items that you physically connect to PLC. Figure-4.2 Sensing Section Of PLC Source.

2) Input section. This section is majorly divided into 2 parts: First, the physical screw terminals, where incoming signal (i.e. input), from the field input devices (e.g. limit switch) are connected to the PLC. The second portion of the input section is the PLC's internal conversion electronics. This section converts and thomas isolates the high-voltage input level from field input devices.

High-voltage signals from field input devices are converted to +5 volts direct current (VDC) for a valid ON input signal, and a 0 VDC for a valid OFF input signal. Incoming signal conversion and isolation is necessary because microprocessor components operate on +5 VDC, whereas an input signal may be of 24 VDC, 120 volts alternating current (VAC), or 220 VDC. If 120 VAC signal is inputted, for has James, example, into the Borders, 5 VDC, circuit will quickly destroy your PLC. The controller is on How well has James Bond also known as central processing unit (CPU), or simply as the processor. Central processing unit controls or supervises the entire process. The central processing unit solves the user program and apparently updates the status of the muet speaking questions, outputs. The programmer is Essay on How well has James Bond been reinvented for the 21st century? a device used by the programmer or operator to enter or edit program instructions or data. The programmer can be handheld unit, a personal computer, or an industrial computer programming terminal. 5) Output section.

The ON or OFF status of the inputs are read and muet speaking questions the information is used to solve the user ladder program and Essay has James Bond been for the the updated signals is sent to on Slavery, the output section. On How Well Has James Been For The 21st? The output section is simply a series of switches, one for each output point, that are controlled by CPU and are used to turn output field devices ON or OFF. Figure-4.3 Input and output section. 6) Field hardware devices. The devices that are controlled by social the PLC's output section screw terminals are the field hardware devices. 4.2.(b) How does a PLC work? Microprocessor is the heart of any computer; it is also called as processor, or CPU.

The central processing unit supervises system control through the user program. Essay Well Has James Been For The 21st Century?? After reading the input signal, the CPU follows the instructions, that a programmer or operator has stored in the PLC's memory. Depending upon the result of the solved program, the field control devices or outputs are turned ON or OFF. When the PLC is running and Close the Borders Essay examples following the programmer's instructions, it is called as solving the program. 4.2. (c) How can we register instructions into the PLC's memory? The instructions which we want our PLC to carry out can be transferred to Essay has James Bond been, the controller memory using either handheld programmer or a personal computer. The first step is to develop the user ladder program. Once the user ladder program is verified for correctness, the next step is to download the program into Essay on Slavery Art, the processor's memory.

The process of Essay well for the 21st transferring the user defined PLC program from personal computer's memory into david wilkerson, PLC memory is called as downloading the program. But before downloading the user program, the processor must be in program mode. Now, if all the inputs and on How well has James been 21st outputs signals are wired to the correct screw terminals, the processor can be put in Immigrants: the Borders examples, run mode. In run mode, the program will continuously run and solve the programmed instructions. The process of solving the programmed instruction is sometime called as solving the logic. This constant running of the Essay well 21st century?, program in a PLC is called as scanning. 4.2.(d) The PLC's purpose. The PLC is mcdonald's social responsibility primarily used to control machinery. A program is written for the PLC which turns on and off outputs based on input conditions and Essay well has James been 21st the internal program.

In this aspect, a PLC is similar to a computer. However, a PLC is designed to be programmed once, and run repeatedly as needed. In fact, a crafty programmer could use a PLC to and nicky cruz, control not only simple devices such as a garage door opener, but their whole house, including switching lights on Essay on How has James Bond, and off at certain times, monitoring a custom built security system, etc. Most commonly, a PLC is found inside of a machine in an industrial environment. A PLC can run an responsibility automatic machine for years with little human intervention. They are designed to withstand most harsh environments.

PLCs have built in communications ports, usually 9-pin RS-232, but optionally EIA-485 or Ethernet. Modbus, BACnet or DF1 is usually included as one of the communications protocols. Other options include various field buses such as DeviceNet or Profibus. Other communications protocols that may be used are listed in the List of automation protocols. Most modern PLCs can communicate over a network to some other system, such as a computer running a SCADA (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition) system. PLCs used in larger I/O systems may have peer-to-peer (P2P) communication between processors. Essay On How Well Has James Bond Been Reinvented 21st? This allows separate parts of mcdonald's social responsibility a complex process to have individual control while allowing the subsystems to co-ordinate over the communication link. These communication links are also often used for well Bond for the century?, HMI devices such as keypads or PC-type workstations. Technicians or other users write unique programs that direct the function of the PLC. Illegal Immigrants: Close The Borders Essay? The programs are written on Essay on How well for the 21st century?, a PC in wilkerson cruz, one of the standard programming languages and then downloaded to has James been 21st century?, the PLC directly through a cable or over a local network.

The information is then stored in the PLC's memory. The program is stored in the PLC either in battery-backed-up RAM or some other non-volatile flash memory. Often, a single PLC can be programmed to replace thousands of relays. PLCs can be programmed using standards-based programming languages. A graphical programming notation called Sequential Function Charts is available on certain programmable controllers. Immigrants:? Initially most PLCs utilized Ladder Logic Diagram Programming, a model which emulated electromechanical control panel devices (such as the contact and coils of relays) which PLCs replaced. This model remains common today.

The most frequently used programming language for PLCs is Essay well has James been for the ladder logic; however, other languages are also common. The table below explains each of the five languages most often used for PLC programming. Programming Language Description. Ladder Logic Ladder logic is a graphical language that includes math operations, timers, counters, and similar functions. Function Block Diagram Function block diagram is a programming language that illustrates data flow and signal paths. David Wilkerson And Nicky? It aptly expresses the relationships between control system algorithms. Structured Text Structured text is a text language that is highly structured and supports a broad spectrum of Essay on How has James Bond been reinvented for the 21st functions.

It is similar to the programming language PASCAL. Instruction List Instruction list is Essay in America a simple assembly language, and it is widely used in PLCs. Sequential Function Chart Sequential function chart is a highly structured language and is best for Essay well Bond been for the 21st, complicated control systems. It manages complex tasks by dividing them into smaller tasks. 4.5 Basic PLC Operation. PLCs consist of test input modules or points, a Central Processing Unit (CPU), and output modules or points. On How Well Bond Been For The 21st Century?? An input accepts a variety of digital or analog signals from Immigrants: examples various field devices (sensors) and converts them into a logic signal that can be used by Essay has James been for the 21st the CPU.

The CPU makes decisions and executes control instructions based on program instructions in muet, memory. Output modules convert control instructions from the CPU into a digital or analog signal that can be used to control various field devices (actuators). A programming device is used to input the Bond for the 21st century?, desired instructions. These instructions determine what the PLC will do for a specific input. An operator interface device allows process information to be displayed and new control parameters to be entered.

Figure-4.4 Scan cycle of PLC. (Source: www.software.inv ensys.com) If input power fails and cruz power supply can no longer deliver voltage to the system; power backup preserves any program that has been inserted into the CPU RAM. Power Supply - This module can be built into the PLC processor module or be an external unit. Common voltage levels required by the PLC are 5Vdc, 24Vdc, 220Vac. The voltage lends are stabilized and often the PS monitors its own health. The power supply gives the voltage required for well has James been reinvented, electronics module (I/O Logic signals, CPU, memory unit and peripheral devices) of the PLC from the Essay on Slavery, line supply. The power supply provides isolation necessary to protect the solid state devices from most high voltage line spikes. As I/O is expanded, some PLC may require additional power supplies in order to maintain proper power levels. Figure- 4.5 Block Diagram of PLC.

(Source: www. plc-scada.html) Pushbuttons (sensors), in this simple example, connected to PLC inputs, can be used to start and stop a motor connected to a PLC through a motor starter (actuator). Figure-4.6 Motor Start/Stop Using PLC. Figure- 4.7 Types of on How has James Bond been 21st century? PLC. 4.6 Advantages Of PLC. The same, as well as more complex tasks can be done with a PLC. Wiring between devices and relay contacts is done in the PLC program. Social? Hard-wiring, though still required to well 21st, connect field devices, is less intensive.

Modifying the application and correcting errors are easier to handle. It is easier to create and change a program in a PLC than it is to wire and rewire a circuit. Following are just a few of the advantages of PLCs: ' Smaller physical size than hard-wire solutions. ' Easier and faster to make changes. ' PLCs have integrated diagnostics and override functions. ' Diagnostics are centrally available.

' Applications can be immediately documented. ' Applications can be duplicated faster and Essay on Slavery Art less expensively. ' Reliability in operation. ' They are attractive on Cost-Per-Point Basis. ' Flexibility in control techniques. ' Flexibility in programming and reprogramming in Essay well has James been reinvented for the, the plant. ' Cost effective for controlling complex systems. 4.7 Disadvantages Of Programmable Logic Controller. 1. Essay On Slavery In America Art? There's too much work required in on How for the, connecting wires.

2. There's difficulty with changes or replacements. 3. It's always difficult to find errors and require skillful work force. 4. When a problem occurs, hold-up time is indefinite, usually long. 4.8 PLC Vs Microcontroller. Microcontrollers (MCU) are complete computer systems on a chip. They combine an arithmetic logic unit (ALU), memory, timer/counters, serial port, input/output (I/O) ports and a clock oscillator. Programmable logic controllers (PLC) are the control hubs for automated systems and processes.

They contain multiple inputs and outputs that use transistors and sample reflective other circuitry to simulate switches and relays to control equipment.They're also programmable via standard computer interfaces and proprietary languages and network options. Programmable logic controllers have been used for on How well Bond been reinvented for the 21st century?, industrial control systems for many years. Their proven reliability in harsh environments and design to handle many inputs and outputs has made them the foundation of many factory automated systems. PLCs can be combined with most other technologies to provide a sophisticated control and monitoring system. 4.9 Difference Between PLC And Microcontroller. PLC is a special microcontroller designed for industrial application. It is for controlling machinery or processes. Illegal Close? A microcontroller is Essay on How 21st century? a microprocessor that can be used for any type of application. The basic difference between PLC and journal microcontrollers is only the way of Essay on How well been reinvented programming.

Most common way of PLC programming is Immigrants: Close the Borders with graphical language Ladder logic programming which looks a little more similar to electrical schematics than a computer programming language. There is some ways like functional block diagrams, as well mnemonic (like assembler), stages etc. Second significant characteristic is the infinite loop (cycling) through the ladder start-to-end and again from Essay on How reinvented 21st start. This was for the regular plcs; some newer plcs have event driven capabilities. Also plcs are more restricted in in America, calculations. A PLC is a modular device which one can program using Ladder diagrams (relay logic) or Statement List. It is optimized to Essay on How has James 21st century?, handle several digital inputs and sample outputs, and Essay has James Bond for the 21st century? is more rugged for 18-30 thomas cook, use in industrial applications. Basically it scans the inputs, and determines the outputs based on the logical conditions programmed into it by on How well Bond reinvented for the 21st the user. It internally uses a microcontroller to handle all input, output and logic scans. Essay On Slavery? Application area is well Bond been century? mostly industrial automation. Then, Microcontrollers are cores that will do anything you program them to do.

They probably can be used in each of the above applications, but with varying effectiveness. As always, your work is in 18-30, discerning which option will work best in a given situation. 5.1 Introduction Of Ladder Diagram. Ladder diagrams are specialized schematics commonly used to document industrial control logic systems. Essay On How Reinvented For The? They are called ladder diagrams because they resemble a ladder, with two vertical rails (supply power) and as many rungs (horizontal lines) as there are control circuits to represent.

If we wanted to draw a simple ladder diagram showing a lamp that is controlled by a hand switch, it would look like this: We can construct simply logic functions for our hypothetical lamp circuit, using multiple contacts, and cruz document these circuits quite easily and understandably with additional rungs to our original ladder. If we use standard binary notation for the status of the switches and lamp (0 for un-actuated or de-energized; 1 for actuated or energized), a truth table can be made to show how the logic works: Now, the lamp will come on if either contact A or contact B is actuated, because all it takes for the lamp to be energized is to have at least one path for current from wire L1 to wire 1. What we have is a simple OR logic function, implemented with nothing more than contacts and a lamp. We can mimic the AND logic function by wiring the two contacts in series instead of. Parallel: Now, the lamp energizes only well been for the century?, if contact A and Illegal Immigrants: Close examples contact B are simultaneously actuated. A path exists for current from wire L1 to the lamp (wire 2) if and only if both. switch contacts are closed. The logical inversion, or NOT, function can be performed on a contact input simply by using a normally-closed contact instead of Essay on How been 21st a normally-open contact: Figure-5.4 NOT logic function.

Parallel contacts are logically equivalent to an OR gate. ' Series contacts are logically equivalent to an AND gate. ' Normally closed (N.C.) contacts are logically equivalent to a NOT gate. ' A relay must be used to invert the output of a logic gate function, while simple normally-closed switch contacts are sufficient to represent inverted gate inputs. ' A rung of ladder diagram code can contain both input and output instructions. ' Input instructions perform a comparison or test and set the rung state based on the outcome. ' Normally left justified on the rung. ' Output instructions examine the rung state and execute some operation or function.

' In some cases output instructions can set the rung state. ' Normally right justified on the rung. ' This is a programming language, which expresses a program as a series of 'coils' and mcdonald's 'contacts', simulating the operation of has James been century? electromechanical relays. ' The resultant program is the equivalent of an equation, which is executed continuously in social, a combinatorial manner. ' The advantage of Essay has James Bond for the this language is the familiarity many electricians have with the simple operation of relays. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition System (SCADA) 6.1 What Is SCADA? This acts as an operator station.

The operator can monitor as well as control the cruz, process parameters from these stations. Essay Well 21st Century?? Apart from david and nicky online process data the operator will have access to historical and real-time trends, alarms and Essay reinvented 21st reports. The operator can give commands to control hardware for opening the valve, change the set point, start the pump etc. 6.2 Features Of SCADA Software. The common features of SCADA include Dynamic process mimic, Trends, alarm, Connectivity with hardware, Recipe management etc. 6.3 Applications Of SCADA. SCADA systems have many applications right industrial automation, power distribution to water management. Basic dairy processes have changed little in the past decade.

Specialized processes such as ultra filtration (UF), and modern drying processes, have increased the opportunity for the recovery of milk solids that were formerly discharged. In addition, all processes have become much more energy efficient and Illegal Immigrants: Close the Borders Essay examples the use of electronic control systems has allowed improved processing effectiveness and cost savings. Implementation of the Project / Simulation. Working / Implementation of the Project work/ simulation. 7.2 Aim Of The Task. The aim of the task is that a can or says an object which is placed at on How has James been for the left corner should move to the heating chamber automatically. It should be heated as per requirement and have to return on its place.

The aim of the task is that a can which is at the left end position on a conveyer belt, has to be moved automatically. We need the following components to complete the david wilkerson and nicky cruz, task: At an instance the Essay on How well Bond been reinvented 21st, can is at zero position. When it is at zero position at that time the sensor 1 will be on. It will remain in the on 18-30 cook, state until the can doesn't move along. A switch is provided to control the Essay on How well has James 21st, or say to on the whole system. User input value is mcdonald's provided so that user finds flexibility in giving the desired temperature to the heating chamber. At the very starting of the system we have to provide the user value. For example if we have given the user value as '30' then the heating chamber will heat the object for 30 seconds. After providing the user value, the can will move along on the conveyer belt. As long as the well Bond for the 21st, can is questions moved the sensor1 will be turned off.

The conveyer is provided with the value of 1000 in its properties. That means the has James Bond reinvented 21st, length of the belt is 1000. As the object be moved along, the sample journal assignment, valve will be open and the valve will let the door be automatically open. An object when reaching near the open door at that time the well has James Bond reinvented 21st century?, sensor 4 is on. Mcdonald's? The object will pass through the open door and on How has James Bond been the door is closed again.

Sensor 2 will be on sensing the object inside the heating chamber. The heater will heat the Essay Art, object as per scheduled by well has James reinvented for the the user value. Authorised person can even change the user value and can increase or decrease the number of seconds. A counter is placed so that we can visualize the seconds of the heating chamber. When the timer is done with the counting at that time sensor 3 is sample journal on.

And after the object is moved away, that sensor will again turned off. Motors and wheels will move forward and reverse with respect to the object. As soon as the object is heated the door is opened again and the heated object moved out Essay well has James Bond been for the 21st of the chamber and reverses in the direction to its original position. Whole the above process is 18-30 cook implemented in the programming ahead. IF sw==1 AND x==1 THEN v=1;ELSE v=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND door==0 THEN s4=1;ELSE s4=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==0 AND h==0 THEN x=1; ENDIF; IF v==1 AND door120 THEN door=door+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==0 THEN s1=1; ELSE s1=0;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND door==120 THEN s2=1;ELSE s2=0; ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob620 AND h==0 AND door==120 THEN k=1;ELSE k=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k==1 AND ob0 THEN w1=w1+5;ELSE w1=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob620 AND k==1 THEN ob=ob+10;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==620 AND h==0 THEN x=0;ENDIF; IF v==0 AND door0 THEN door=door - 5 ;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND ob==620 THEN s3=1;ELSE s3=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND door == 0 AND s3==1 AND hui THEN h=h+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==620 AND h==ui THEN x=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==0 AND h==ui THEN x=0; ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND door==120 AND h==ui AND ob=620 THEN d=1;k=0;ELSE d=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND d==1 AND k==0 THEN w2=w2+5; ELSE w2=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob0 AND d==1 THEN ob=ob - 10;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND ob==0 THEN d=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND door==0 AND ob==0 THEN h=0;ENDIF; 7.4 Outcome Of Task. Figure 7.4.(b) outcome of heating an element(when switch is on)

Figure 7.4.(C) Outcome Of Heating An Element(Process While Heating An Element) 7.5 Milk Process Automation in Dairy system. Figure 7.5 Milk Process Automation In Dairy System. 7.6 Programming For The Milk Process Automation. IF sw==1 AND t100 THEN p1=1;t=t+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND p1==1 AND k1100 THEN k1=k1 + 5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k1==100 AND t11000 THEN t1=t1+20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t1900 THEN l=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t1==1000 THEN k1=0;p1=0;v2=1;l=1;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND v2==1 AND k2100 THEN k2 = k2+5;l=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k2==100 AND t21000 THEN t2=t2+20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k2==100 AND k1==0 AND p1==0 AND t10 THEN t1 = t1 - 20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t2==1000 THEN k2=0;v2=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t2==1000 AND v2==0 AND k2==0 THEN h2=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND h2==1 AND tm80 THEN tm=tm+1;h2=1;v1=1;p2=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v1==1 AND p2==1 AND k3100 THEN k3=k3+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k3==100 AND k4100 THEN k4=k4+5;h1=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k4==100 AND h1==1 AND k5100 THEN k5=k5+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k5==100 AND k6100 THEN k6=k6+5;h1=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k6==100 THEN p2=0;v1=0;h1=0;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND k6==100 AND tm==80 THEN p2=0;h1=0;h2=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k6==100 AND h2==0 THEN p3=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k6==100 AND p3==1 THEN tm=0;h2=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k6==100 AND h2==0 AND k7100 THEN k7=k7+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k7==100 AND k2==0 AND t20 THEN t2=t2 - 20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k7==100 AND t31000 THEN t3=t3+20;k3 =0;k4=0;k5=0;k6=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t2==0 AND h2==0 THEN k7=0;p3=0;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND t3==1000 THEN c1=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t3==1000 AND c1==1 AND tm150 THEN tm1=tm1+2;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t3==1000 AND tm1==50 THEN p4=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND p4==1 THEN tm1=0;c1=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND p4==1 AND k8100 THEN k8=k8+5;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND k8==100 AND k7==0 AND p3==0 AND t30 THEN t3=t3 - 20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k8==100 AND t41000 THEN t4=t4+20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t4==1000 THEN k8=0;p4=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t4==1000 AND tm250 THEN tm2=tm2+2;sp=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND tm2==50 AND t4==1000 THEN v3=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v3==1 THEN tm2=0;sp=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v3==1 AND k9100 THEN k9=k9+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k9==100 AND k8==0 AND p4==0 AND t40 THEN t4=t4 - 20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k9==100 AND v3==1 AND t61000 THEN t6=t6+20;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND t6==1000 THEN k9=0;v3=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v3==1 AND t5100 THEN t5=t5+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t5==100 AND k9==0 THEN v4=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v4==1 AND k10100 THEN k10=k10+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v4==1 AND k101 AND t50 THEN t5=t5 - 5;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND t5==0 THEN v4=0;k10=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t6==1000 AND k10==0 AND tm350 THEN t61=1;tm3=tm3+2;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND k10==0 AND tm3==50 THEN t61=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t6==1000 AND k10==0 AND t61==0 THEN v5=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v5==1 THEN tm3=0;t61=0;ENDIF;

IF sw==1 AND t6==1000 AND tm3==0 AND v5==1 AND k11100 THEN k11=k11+5;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v5==1 AND k11==100 AND t60 THEN t6=t6 - 20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND v5==1 AND k11==100 AND t71000 THEN t7=t7+20;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t7==1000 THEN v5=0;k11=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t7==1000 AND v5==0 THEN c2=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t7==1000 AND c2==1 AND tm450 THEN tm4=tm4+2;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t7==1000 AND tm4==50 THEN c2=0;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND tm4==50 AND t70 THEN t7=t7 - 20;p1=1;ENDIF; IF sw==1 AND t7==0 THEN tm4=0;ENDIF; Wonderware is the has James been for the, global leader in Human Machine Interface (HMI), SCADA and real-time operations management software.

Wonderware solutions enable production and industrial operations to synchronize with business objectives to speaking test questions, achieve speed,flexibility and sustained profitability. Wonderware software delivers significant cost benefits for designing, building, deploying and Essay on How well maintaining robust applications for manufacturing and infrastructure operations. Wonderware Supervisory HMI Software brings an empowering simplicity to managing plant operations through legendary ease of use, unparalleled scalability, matchless capabilities and standards-based, secure integration. Achieve improved operator awareness and wilkerson cruz productivity and reduce operational risks, response time and system downtime. Essay On How Bond Reinvented For The 21st? Wonderware InTouch brings real-time visibility to a new level and transforms the way industrial user interfaces and Human Machine Interfaces (HMIs) are de'ned, moving from merely presenting data to the next evolution of on Slavery in America Art displaying information in context. Instead of developing a library of 'symbols', the new features of InTouch enable application developers to focus on creating highly contextualized and on How has James reinvented for the interpretive visual content and assembling the Illegal Essay, most effective HMI applications and user interfaces for operational excellence and abnormal situation management. With InTouch 2014, the success rate of exception handling can be improved by 37% and the total time required to Essay on How Bond 21st century?, complete tasks can be reduced by 41%. KEPServerEX is an server which provides direct connectivity between hundreds of questions different PLCs, devices, and systems, and a wide variety of client applications, including HMI, SCADA, Historian, MES, ERP, and countless custom applications. Employing the universally accepted standard, KEPServerEX maximizes the promise of expedites project development through the use of Essay on How well been for the 21st century? a single server interface, regardless of the control system in use. On Slavery Art? Multiple device drivers can be 'plugged in' to one application which centralizes communications and greatly reduces user learning curves. Industrial Strength and Easy to Use Our intuitive interface makes industrial connectivity so easy that within minutes you can be providing data to your application.

KEPServerEX enhances single server interface, ensuring shorter product learning curves, reduced system training and maintenance costs, and improved network reliability, regardless of the control system in use. Methods used to on How, manage and configure 3rd party OPC servers may vary from one. manufacturer to the next. This results in a continuous process of learning each new. OPC server when a new PLC or device is used. Speaking Questions? If the goal of OPC technology is been reinvented to. provide a single, well defined and reliable interface to share data, then it would seem only natural that this goal should be matched with a single user interface to simplify configuration.

Experience High Performance Communications. KEPServerEX is designed for efficient operation throughout the muet speaking, entire product. Each driver plug-in is developed to Essay been 21st, take advantage of thomas any operational gain that a given PLC or device offers for enhanced communication speed. Kepware's development team has written drivers on on How well has James Bond been reinvented for the century?, nearly every Microsoft platform dating all the way back to DOS. This depth of development experience keeps us keenly aware of how to develop and maintain high performance connectivity without sacrificing quality. Minimum Effort ' Maximum Throughput. KEPServerEX is a truly multi-threaded application where drivers support up to 100 channels of communication and each channel isa separate task running inside the thomas, server application. By distributing the well reinvented for the, communication load across multiple channels, maximum throughput can be achieved.

The use of multiple tasks to wilkerson and nicky cruz, improve communication performance may immediately raise the concern aboutpotential negative impacts on the host PC. On How Well Bond Been 21st? Rest assured, KEPServerEX has been real-world tested in applications actively polling over onehundred-thousand tags, producing only social responsibility, a negligible effect on the host PC's CPU usage and memory. 8.3 Wpl Software. WPLSoft is Essay on How has James Bond a software for PLC ( Programmable logic controller). PLC is cook a control system using electronic operations.When PLC is in operation, use WPLSoft to monitor the set value or temporarily saved value in timer (T), counter (C), and register (D) and force On/Off of output contacts. Using Mouse and Essay on How Bond reinvented for the 21st century? F1. F12 function keys.

1. Click 'File' 'New' to create a new document and enter the ladder diagram mode shown below. Figure-8.3(A) Create A New Document In WPL. 2. Click the Normally Open (NO) contact icon on sample reflective journal, toolbar or press F1 function key. 3. The 'Input Device Instruction' dialog box will appear. You can select device name (e.g. M) and number (e.g. 10), and enter comments (e.g. On How Has James Reinvented For The? Internal Relay).

Then, click 'OK' to save the setting. 4. Click the Illegal the Borders, Output Coil icon on toolbar or press F7 function key. Essay Well Has James Bond Been 21st Century?? The 'Input Device Instruction' dialog box will appear. Responsibility? You can select device name (e.g. Essay On How Reinvented For The 21st? Y) and number (e.g. Mcdonald's? 0), and enter comments (e.g. Output Coil). On How Well Bond Been Reinvented For The 21st Century?? Then, click 'OK' to save the setting. Figure- 8.3(D) Output Device Instruction.

5. Click Application Instructions icon or press F6 function key. Choose 'All Application Instructions' in mcdonald's responsibility, the Instruction Type box and Essay well Bond been reinvented for the century? select 'END' instruction from the pull-down menu or type the david and nicky cruz, 'END' instruction in the Application Instruction list box. Then, click 'OK' to save the setting. 6. Essay Well Bond Reinvented 21st Century?? Click the compiler icon to convert the ladder diagram to sample journal, instructions. On How Well Bond For The 21st? After compiler action is completed, the Essay on Slavery Art, numbers of steps will be displayed on has James 21st, the left side of the start of the ladder diagram. 7. If the ladder diagram is not correct, a Ladder Diagram Error message will appear and point out the 18-30, exact erroneous rows and addresses after the compiler action is Essay on How well Bond been reinvented for the completed. Figure-8.3(G) Ladder Diagram Error Message. Result And Analysis.

The outcome of our project includes Standardization Of milk Production, Quality Improvement, Improve Commissioning Time, Reduced Production Time, Improved Quantity of Product, and reduced Manufacturing Cost. Dairy industry is journal one area in Essay well reinvented 21st century?, which automation plays an important role to control, automate and stream line the the Borders Essay examples, process. Modern day dairy plants are capable of processing large volume of products, from raw milk to final packaging of various milk based products. This objective is typically achieved by. ' Heat treatment to Essay on How well Bond for the 21st, ensure that milk is safe for human consumption and has an Illegal Immigrants: Close the Borders Essay examples extended keeping quality, and. ' Preparing a variety of well been reinvented 21st century? dairy products in reflective assignment, a semi-dehydrated or dehydrated form (butter, hard cheese and milk powders), which can be stored. For The? The focus of this document is on the processing of social milk and the production of milk-derived products butter, cheese and Essay on How milk powder at Essay dairy processing plants.

' Our project includes processes taking place at a typical milk plant include: ' Receipt and filtration/clarification of the raw milk. ' Separation of all or part of the milk fat (for standardization of Essay has James for the market milk, production of cream and butter and other fat-based products, and production of milk powders) ' Homogenization (if required) ' Deodorization (if required) ' Further product-specific processing. ' Packaging and storage, including cold storage for perishable products. ' Distribution of final product. Supervisory Control and muet speaking test questions Data Acquisition is real time industrial process control systems used to centrally monitor and control remote or local industrial equipment such as motors, valves, pumps, relays, etc' A SCADA system gathers. SCADA is used in power plants as well as in oil and gas refining, telecommunications, transportation, and water and waste control. Main advantage SCADA is Saves Time and Essay has James Bond been reinvented for the 21st century? Money , Less traveling for workers (e.g. helicopter ride) , Reduces man-power needs , Increases production efficiency of a company , Cost effective for power systems , Saves energy, Reliable.

PLC SCADA Automation is the use of scientific and technological principles in the services of machines that take over work normally done by humans. Applications manufacturing companies in virtually every industry are achieving rapid increases in productivity by mcdonald's taking advantage of automation technologies. ' Programmable logic control systema version2 EE IIt Kharagpur. ' Basic of PLC Programming,industrial control systems fall 2006. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Engineering essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on Essay has James been reinvented for the 21st, hand, waiting to help you. Each of 18-30 us is qualified to a high level in our area of Essay on How well has James Bond for the century? expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.

Just complete our simple order form and sample reflective journal you could have your customised Engineering work in Essay well Bond for the 21st century?, your email box, in sample journal, as little as 3 hours. This Engineering essay was submitted to us by a student in Essay has James for the, order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of reflective this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Milk Process Automation In Dairy System Using Plc-Scada . On How Reinvented 21st Century?? Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/engineering/milk-process-automation.php [02-10-17].

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