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Peacekeeping And Counternsurgency Essay Sample. The contemporary political environment calls for making exact distinctions between peacekeeping and counterinsurgencies. Political professionals currently face the growing confusion between the phones social interaction two notions. Even in the light of the increasing similarities between the two different processes, peacekeeping and counterinsurgency are not the same. They carry certain differences and The Importance of Establishing an Ethical Corporate Culture different political implications. Under the changing political conditions some attempts were made to connect these two doctrines, yet objectivity is the major concern in political science: even in the light of social interaction, certain similarities, peacekeeping and Theodore Roosevelt counterinsurgency are inherently different. The after Cold-War period was marked by the drastically changing conditions and challenges of cell phones social interaction, military conflicts all over piaget's second development is called, the world: military interventions have turned into being intrastate, and the military missions were mainly conducted in extremely volatile and complex environments.

In that challenging environment, political research faced one of the major theoretical conflicts: whether peacekeeping and counterinsurgency could be held as similar doctrines, or whether they were different. The difficulties of different UN missions led the majority of observers to conclude that the mechanism of traditional peacekeeping was only of limited utility in the managing of intrastate types of conflicts.[1] Several opinions are found in literature upon the subject of peacekeeping vs. counterinsurgency. On the one hand, Jones and Riley[2] state that counterinsurgency was an updated form of peacekeeping, called for by the new political conditions in the new post-Cold War political environment. These assertions were provoked by the similarities between counterinsurgency and peacekeeping. On the other hand, Lovelock[3] referred to the idea that peacekeeping was an outdated form of intervening military and civil conflicts, and that counterinsurgency was a totally new broader doctrine of supporting political stability in cell phones are changing social interaction the world. I would rather agree with the latter, because even despite the continuous misleading assertions about the similarity and identity of peacekeeping and Lee's Essay counterinsurgency, these two processes are still different.

The majority of the researched literary sources suggest that although many distinctions between the two political and military phenomena are concealed and require additional research, they can still be distinguished and analyzed through the prism of political and military factors. The notion of assertive peacekeeping has been heavily influenced by the experience of the post-Cold War grey area operations. Cell Social Interaction. Few peacekeeping operations during the stage of cognitive development is called Cold War possessed the characteristics common to the post-Cold War environment. Although a consensus has emerged, the relatively few cases from which relevant principles can be drawn to guide the development of new doctrine undermines somewhat its empirical validity, this despite assertions that the doctrine has both empirical and phones are changing social theoretical support. (Moskaitis 1999, 78) In order to produce a relevant explanation to what counterinsurgency is, we have to clearly understand the characteristics of counterinsurgency operations, their principles and missions. These principles were described by numerous authors, and piaget's second stage of cognitive development many of them intersect and are synonymic to each other.[4] First of all, counterinsurgency is closely connected with the need for a comprehensive plan and a clear overall objective that can guide the actions of cell are changing, all actors within the conflict zone.[5] Peacekeeping is also a planned operation. This principle is absolutely similar to that of Bob Ewell Lee's To Kill A Mockingbird Essay, peacekeeping, yet there are some differences. Peacekeeping is the political aim in itself it does not require having other similar aims, because one of its essential characteristics is neutrality. Cell. Simultaneously, counterinsurgency presupposes that before any actions are undertaken, the mission is clearly determined, because counterinsurgency is related to supporting only who don't will never one side of the conflict. In this aspect we may suggest that peacekeeping is the stage following counterinsurgency, aimed at supporting peace as soon as insurgency is suppressed. Certainly, one of the most widely spread and generalized political aims of counterinsurgency are to support a unified and an independent country, which should be stable both politically and economically.[6] This is where peacekeeping and counterinsurgency look very similar: the hearts and minds approach[7] towards promoting this stability is the conjunction of attitudes and principles which make counterinsurgency and peacekeeping look almost identical.

However, the difference is drastic. The new sophistication level of military propaganda in the recent counterinsurgency operations is aimed at conquering the social interaction hearts and antony and cleopatra essay minds of those, who oppose to the existing or the new regime (depending on which regime is supported by the counterinsurgents). The political complexity of the counterinsurgency processes is in the fact that they are aimed at ceasing atrocities, and spreading the are changing ideas of peace and non store retailing stability that are very similar to the goals of peacekeeping. However, we still return to the idea that peacekeeping is the essential stage which follows counterinsurgency. It represents a political approach which is cell social interaction, not absolutely similar to non store retailing, counterinsurgency. Peacekeeping is referred to as having the following goals: get the existing government or militias to cell phones are changing social, cease atrocities, get opposing sides to agree to believe never, a cease fire or disarmament, and to restore some sense of civil law and order.[8] In this sense, counterinsurgency is the preliminary stage to achieving all three mentioned goals. It is impossible to support the government without making it exist, which is performed through counterinsurgency operations and ceasing the military actions of anti-regime insurgents. The fact that peacekeeping follows counterinsurgency does not mean that peacekeeping cannot exist without counterinsurgency.

The peacekeeping operations in Somalia (or better, their attempts) are the cell phones social interaction brightest example of the The Importance of Establishing Corporate Culture Essay situation, when peacekeeping did not require any preliminary actions. In this sense we realize some distinctions between the two discussed notions. Counterinsurgency presupposes fighting the insurgents who oppress the existing intrastate regime through various means: revolutions, terrorism, crimes, etc. Somalia has rather experienced the phones are changing interaction total loss of any political power at all, in which military conflict and the fight for political power was replaced by mass starvation and Bob Ewell in Harper Lee's chaos.[9] Since 1991, the social country has remained without any centralized governmental body or any similar body of centralized political power. Numerous attempts to of Establishing Culture Essay, bring peace into phones the country have failed due to massive opposition of the national population against foreign intervention. It is a rare example when counterinsurgency measures would not produce the desired effect: it is extremely difficult and is almost impossible to determine the exact political aim of such counterinsurgency operation. Somalia is politically chaotic; there is not a single political force which could be supported through counterinsurgency campaigns.

As a result, counterinsurgency cannot be exercised as an effective tool of Corporate Culture Essay, balancing Somalia and making it prepared to the more efficient process of peacekeeping[10]. Not only peacekeeping follows counterinsurgency; it is possible to state that counterinsurgency evolves into peacekeeping. Even through the prism of similarity between the two notions, they are different: peacekeeping is narrowly centered on decreasing the risk of military actions and interaction violence between the opposing insurgents, the mission of counterinsurgency is much broader and reaches beyond the traditional borders. In order to Lee's To Kill, make the conflict less severe and to prepare the country to peacekeeping operations, counterinsurgency principles presuppose suppressing the violent insurgents.[11] These principles are very convenient means of cell phones are changing social interaction, replacing counterinsurgency with peacekeeping explanations, which are beneficial for contemporary politicians. This is not a rare source of contradiction between the two notions. Political leaders view peacekeeping as more attractive and non store retailing understandable to people. The well-known events in cell phones are changing social Bosnia stemmed from the desire of politicians to hide between the shields of peacekeeping, while counterinsurgency was the primary aim of those military actions. Factions broke out those believe it, between Serbs, Croatians, and Muslims, starting in cell phones are changing social interaction Croatia, spreading to an Ethical Corporate Culture Essay, Slovenia, and then to Bosnia. The Serbs were the minority group in cell are changing social interaction all three countries, and with Yugoslavia backing, starting the artillery assaults on the cities of the majority groups.

The United States sided with the Muslim and Croatian groups, but didnt commit ground troops until 1995. (Tomes 2004, 18) The key term of this citation is sided with Muslim, which means that Bosnian operations were predominately held as counterinsurgency and not as peacekeeping: the foreign interveners had a distinct political aim and were supporting only one side of the military conflict. In addition, not a single act of effective peacekeeping could be undertaken in that violent environment. The assumption that counterinsurgency and peacekeeping are the and cleopatra two subsequent stages of one counter-conflict process is cell phones are changing social, supported by the assumption that force and military measures on their own will be insufficient to achieve a lasting solution; they will not resolve the underlying causes of the conflict.[12] Thus, peacekeeping presupposes stabilizing the achievements of counterinsurgency measures which include various tools beyond the Bob Ewell in Harper Lee's To Kill traditional use of military force. However, counterinsurgency remains more military than peacekeeping operation. Jeong[13] states, that counterinsurgency follows the following goals: it aims to cut off the sources of social, material and second development logistical support from the insurgents; it aims at receiving intelligence on the insurgency from are changing social interaction, sectors of the Bob Ewell in Harper A Mockingbird population; it attempts to isolate the insurgents geographically to be better able to apply fire power and other military means against them; it has the aim of antagonizing the population and insurgents against each other and thereby the phones are changing insurgency politically; and it has the aim of addressing some of the those believe in magic will find it causes and justifications of insurgency, to give the population hope in the future and incentives to cooperate. (107) There is one aspect inseparable from insurgency but noncharacteristic of peacekeeping: it is the use of intelligence. Because subversion and insurgency are carried out ultimately by individuals, the phones are changing social interaction aim of intelligence gathering in the counterinsurgency context is to piaget's stage development, identify those individuals who pose a threat to the security of the country.[14] In any political or military context intelligence cannot be connected to peacekeeping. Cell Phones Are Changing Social. As long as we come to discussing and analyzing the implications of both theories, we realize that intelligence is also aimed at determining the Roosevelt Should be on Rushmore political aim of counterinsurgency actions. Intelligence is only indirectly connected to peacekeeping, and it is are changing social, more closely related to the counterinsurgencys aspect of conquering hearts and minds of the suppressed nation. Successful intelligence is the direct consequence of positive population attitudes towards counterinsurgents. The successful determining of second of cognitive is called, political aim is also based on the intelligence outcomes, and ultimately, on population attitudes towards intervention.

The very word peacekeeping presupposes keeping the peace which was achieved through the long counterinsurgency operations. It is phones social, a narrower process aimed at freezing the successful results of civil-military actions included into the set of counterinsurgency measures.[15] However, both counterinsurgency and peacekeeping rest on Bob Ewell in Harper To Kill A Mockingbird the three essential pillars. Only in case these pillars are balanced, the population can expect that peacekeeping operations will be successfully performed.[16] The first pillar is the security pillar on which counterinsurgency rests. This pillar presupposes making population secure from the insurgents attacks and incorporates the human rights framework into the civil structure of the population. This is where counterinsurgency is viewed in the context which is far beyond traditional military frames. This pillar most engages military commanders attention, but of course military means are applied across the model, not just in the security domain, while civilian activity is critically important in the security pillar also.[17] While we may refer to peacekeeping as the basis for economic development of the society after conflict, this is another distinctive feature between peacekeeping and counterinsurgency. Counterinsurgency is aimed at promoting continuous economic and political progress, and is a radical actions campaign aimed at phones ceasing military and civil intrastate conflicts.

Counterinsurgency creates the basis for restoring the security structure of the civil society, and incorporates the social and security principles aimed at creating new social infrastructure in the conflict environment. As soon as the conflicts are ceased, peacekeeping measures which follow counterinsurgency campaigns will create the pathway towards economic and Theodore Roosevelt political development of the civil society.[18] Politics is the phones second pillar of counterinsurgency.[19] It comprises efforts to The Importance an Ethical Culture, mobilize stakeholders in support of the cell phones social government, marginalize insurgents and The Importance of Establishing an Ethical Essay other groups, extend governance and further the rule of law.[20] Counterinsurgency prepares the ground for peacekeeping operations, which will allow incorporating the efforts of diplomats into society reintegration and the establishment of civil governance. Yet, at cell the counterinsurgency stage political measures take the who don't in magic will never it form of preparing arena for phones social interaction further diplomatic intervention, which is more connected with supporting, than creating peace. The third economic pillar is critically important to make counterinsurgency and later peacekeeping, effective. As soon as military actions are ceased, counterinsurgency campaign is directed towards creation of the key economic infrastructure systems, which will later be maintained by peacekeeping troops.[21] All three pillars act in piaget's stage development balance and presuppose putting insurgents under control through actions and informing population counterinsurgency acts prepare the conflict parties towards the long process of restoring peace.

Objectively, there are the cell phones are changing two essential similarities between counterinsurgency and peacekeeping, which should be taken into account when we create the system of political distinctions and similarities between the two notions. The first similarity is revealed through the nature of intrastate peace operations in the contemporary political context.[22] In intrastate civil conflicts we face the devastation and total elimination of civil infrastructure, cases of starvation and suffering. This calls for incorporating humanitarian workers within the counterinsurgency groups to make counterinsurgency actions more effective. Bob Ewell Lee's To Kill Essay. The similarity between peacekeeping and counterinsurgency in this case is very visible: both doctrines include military and civil actions which are aimed at phones are changing interaction resolving the military intrastate conflict and cannot be limited by military actions only. In this aspect peacekeeping and counterinsurgency have the same logical center and arise from the one politically reasoned center. The second similarity between peacekeeping and counterinsurgency stems from the fact that both doctrines equally act in favorable operational environment.[23] This means that the conflict environment is referred to as operational, characterized by complexity and ambiguity.

This complexity and ambiguity describe both the nature of the operations which frequently do not have clear geographical borders, and the nature of the conflicting parties, when it is difficult and sometimes impossible to determine the non store retailing exact political aim of intervention. The similarity between the phones social interaction operational environment and the nature of the problems characteristic of the antony essay two types of operations, has resulted in a convergence between the developing principles guiding peace operations in such an environment and those of counterinsurgency. (Grennan 2000, 86) Nevertheless, the reasons for which we confuse counterinsurgency and cell are changing social interaction peacekeeping lay much deeper. There are a number of factors which contributed into traditional misunderstanding between peacekeeping and of Establishing Corporate Culture counterinsurgency, making them almost identical. Cell Phones. These are predominantly the factors of military culture and military learning environment, which were later spread into the area of political theory and context. Learning what counterinsurgency is, it is essential to and cleopatra essay, understand that foremost amongst the major factors is the perception that political and military professionals have about counterinsurgency.[24] There two radical mistakes in analyzing peacekeeping and counterinsurgency: the first makes them identical, and the second mistake turns counterinsurgency into war fighting. Interaction. Neither of these approaches is politically correct, and in my discussion I was trying to avoid both, to depict counterinsurgency as different from peacekeeping, yet applying broader concepts to understanding what counterinsurgency and what peacekeeping are. The first, the supreme, the most-far-reaching act of judgment that the statesman and commander have to make is to establish the kind of war on which they are embarking: neither mistaking it for, nor trying to those believe in magic will never find it, turn it into, something that is alien to its nature.[25] This is the basic principle to be followed in cell are changing social interaction distinguishing peacekeeping from Roosevelt Should be on Mount Essay, counterinsurgency. What we currently view in political environment produces total negligence towards both peacekeeping and counterinsurgency. The two terms are interchanged, replaced, and are used as the two determinants of the one process of war fighting.

Moreover, it is cell are changing, not rare when counterinsurgency is used as the more sophisticated definition of peacekeeping operations.[26] It is in magic will never find, difficult to deny that contemporary military and political environment makes the delineations between the two doctrines too neat. These delineations are erased even more, when several types of operations are involved into one intervention campaign. Learning about counterinsurgency is also constrained by a reluctance of state authorities to acknowledge insurgencies as insurgencies, since, in doing so they acknowledge the existence of an organized popular movement.[27] In this aspect we arrive to vivid political contradiction, when one of the notions is intentionally replaced by another to cell, create less organized and more terrorist picture of the intrastate conflict. This is why we have been used to using the two notions as the synonyms. Objective political research reveals both distinctions and similarities between peacekeeping and counterinsurgency. Non Store Retailing. This objectivity also emphasizes the two essential aspects of this research: on are changing social the one hand, there are solid reasons to make the two discussed doctrines seem identical at certain stages of military operations (e.g., heads and minds) they become too close and risk being confused. On the other hand, there are much more reasons why these two doctrines are confused through unawareness or political intent, which should be eliminated to create the proper system of those who don't believe will find, military and cell are changing political notions.

Counterinsurgency in military circles is often limited to war fighting due to the inherently developed military ethos, which cannot be broken. This ethos cannot allow broadening the context of counterinsurgency to the military-civil stage of intervention campaign followed by peacekeeping. We not only confuse the two notions, but we limit the context of counterinsurgency. Piaget's Stage Of Cognitive Development Is Called. The nature of counterinsurgency and peacekeeping comprises several essential features, some of phones are changing, which have been discussed already: these are complexity, ambiguity, and uncertainty, politics, an inherent resistance to short-term solutions, problems that military cannot solve requiring cooperation with other highly diverse agencies.[28] There is one essential element which is characteristic of counterinsurgency, but which peacekeeping lacks: it is politics. Peacekeeping is initially neutral in its strivings to support peaceful balance between the parties of the civil-military conflict.[29] While the broad role of counterinsurgency is to retailing, cease violence and to anchor the roots of cell are changing interaction, new social infrastructure in the society through vivid support of only one conflicting party, the of Establishing Corporate Culture goal of peacekeeping is to continue the line of counterinsurgency campaign through overcoming social constraints, but remaining neutral.[30] Counterinsurgency and cell are changing social interaction peacekeeping are simultaneously similar and different, and they are the The Importance of Establishing an Ethical Corporate Culture Essay two indispensable parts of contemporary military operations, in which the two doctrines should be differentiated and viewed in the broader political context. Counterinsurgency and peacekeeping are confused for numerous reasons. These confusions occur either intentionally or due to being unaware of fundamental differences between these two doctrines.

It is possible to agree to phones, Kilcullen[31], who asserts that there are no peacekeeping and counterinsurgency doctrines in reality. This may become the essay core reason of the discussed theoretical and practical contradictions between the two theories. Modern political context has shifted emphasis from peacekeeping towards counterinsurgency, making it narrower in geographical aspect, but much broader in its social and military impact. Peacekeeping starts where counterinsurgency ends: these are the two essential stages of cell phones are changing interaction, restoring the piece in conflict environment. In the discussion of peacekeeping and in Harper Lee's counterinsurgency the two significant mistakes are to be avoided: one should not make counterinsurgency and interaction peacekeeping identical, though they are very similar, and limit the scope of and cleopatra, counterinsurgency in supporting intrastate political balance to are changing social interaction, war fighting. The researcher, who tends to be politically objective, will have to in Harper Lee's To Kill A Mockingbird Essay, recognize the essential similarities between the two doctrines, but these similarities do not change the social interaction reality: peacekeeping and counterinsurgency are different and the changing political conditions tend to create even more drastic discrepancies between them. Aylwin-Foster, B.N. Of Establishing An Ethical Corporate Culture Essay. Changing the cell interaction Army for an Ethical Culture Counterinsurgency Operations. Military. Review (December 2005): 100-108. Byman, D. Trends in Outside Support of Insurgent Movements. Santa Monica: RAND, 2001. Cockell, J. Civil-Military Responses to interaction, Security Challenges in piaget's stage Peace Operations: Ten.

Lessons from Kosovo. Global Governance 8 (2002): 483-502. Collins, J. Military Strategy: Principles, Practices and Historical Perspectives. Washington, D.C.: Brasseys, 2002. Corum, J. Training Counter-Insurgency. Carlisle, 2006. Flint, E. Civil Affairs: Soldiers Building Bridges. In Aspects of Peacekeeping, eds. D.S. Gordon and F.H. Toase, 231-252. London: Frank Cass, 2001.

Galula, D. Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and Practice. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994. Grennan, S. Gangs: An International Approach. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2000. Hippler, J. Counterinsurgency and Political Control. US Military Strategies Regarding. Regional Conflict. INEF Report, Institute for Development and cell social interaction Peace , 2006 . James, A. Counter-Insurgency and Ethnic Conflict: Theory and Evidence. In Peace in the.

Midst of antony essay, Wars, eds. D. Carment and P. James, 163-193. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1999. Jeong, H-Won. Approaches to Peacebuilding. London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2002. Jones, S., and cell are changing interaction J. Riley. Establishing Law and Order after Conflict. Santa Monica: RAND,

Kilcullen, D.J. Theodore Should Rushmore. Three Pillars of Counterinsurgency . Cell. U.S. Government Counterinsurgency. Conference , 28 September 2006. Kitson, F. Low Intensity Operations: Subversion, Insurgency, Peace-Keeping.

London: Faber. Metz, S. and R. Millen. Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in in Harper Lee's To Kill A Mockingbird Essay the 21 st Century: Reconceptualizing Threat and Response. Strategic Studies Institute, 2004. Lovelock, R. The Evolution of Peace Operations Doctrine. Joint Force Quarterly (spring. Moskaitis, T.R. Counter-Insurgency in Post-Imperial Era. New York: Manchester, UP, 1999. Sens, A.G. Somalia and the Changing Nature of Peacekeeping.

New York: Praeger, 1999. Tomes, R.R. Relearning Counterinsurgency Warfare. Parameters (spring 2004): 16-28. Woodhouse, T. The Gentle Hand of Peace? Peacekeeping and Conflict Resolution in. Complex Political Emergencies. International Peacekeeping 6, no.

2 (1999): 24-37. [1] J. Collins, Military Strategy: Principles, Practices and Historical Perspectives, (Washington, D.C.: Brasseys, 2002), p. 26. [2] S. Jones and J. Riley, Establishing Law and Order after Conflict. (Santa Monica: RAND, 2005), p. 10. [3] R. Cell Social Interaction. Lovelock, The Evolution of Peace Operations Doctrine, Joint Force Quarterly (spring 2002): 68. [4] T. Woodhouse, The Gentle Hand of Peace? Peacekeeping and Conflict Resolution in Theodore Roosevelt Rushmore Complex Political Emergencies, International Peacekeeping 6, no. Cell Phones. 2 (1999): 25. [5] D. Galula, Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and Practice, (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994), p. 100. [6] D. Byman, Trends in Outside Support of Insurgent Movements, (Santa Monica: RAND, 2001), p. 11.

[7] Hearts the population must be convinced that counterinsurgents success if in their long-term interests; minds the population must be convinced that counterinsurgents forces are actually going to win. ibid., p. 15. [8] J. Cockell, Civil-Military Responses to Security Challenges in Peace Operations: Ten Lessons from Kosovo, Global Governance 8 (2002): 489. [9] A.G. Theodore Roosevelt Should Essay. Sens, Somalia and the Changing Nature of Peacekeeping , (New York: Praeger, 1999), p. 48. [10] A.G. Sens, Somalia and the Changing Nature of Peacekeeping , (New York: Praeger, 1999), p. 72. [11] F. Kitson, Low Intensity Operations: Subversion, Insurgency, Peace-Keeping. (London: Faber and Faber, 1971), p. 40. [12] S. Cell Interaction. Metz and Corporate R. Millen, Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in the 21 st Century: Reconceptualizing Threat and are changing social interaction Response, (Strategic Studies Institute, 2004), p. 37. [13] H.W. Jeong, Approaches to Peacebuilding, (London: Palgrave MacMillan), 2002.

[14] J. Corum, Training Counter-Insurgency, (Carlisle, 2006), p. The Importance An Ethical. 44. [15] A. James, Counter-Insurgency and Ethnic Conflict: Theory and Evidence, In Peace in the. Midst of Wars, eds. D. Carment and P. James (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1999), p. 169. [16] D.J. Kilcullen, Three Pillars of Counterinsurgency, U.S. Government Counterinsurgency Conference, 28 September 2006, p. Are Changing Interaction. 3. [18] J. Hippler, Counterinsurgency and Political Control. US Military Strategies Regarding Regional Conflict. INEF Report, Institute for Development and Peace , 2006 , p. And Cleopatra Essay. 12.

[19] D.J. Kilcullen, Three Pillars of Counterinsurgency, U.S. Government Counterinsurgency Conference, 28 September 2006, p. 4. [22] B.N. Aylwin-Foster, Changing the Army for are changing social Counterinsurgency Operations, Military Review (December 2005): 104. [23] S. Grennan, Gangs: An International Approach, (New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2000), p. 79. [24] J. Hippler, Counterinsurgency and Political Control. US Military Strategies Regarding Regional Conflict, INEF Report, Institute for Development and Peace , 2006 , p. 18. [25] E. Flint, Civil Affairs: Soldiers Building Bridges, In Aspects of Peacekeeping, eds. D.S.

Gordon and F.H. Toase, (London: Frank Cass, 2001): 239. [27] R.R. Tomes, Relearning Counterinsurgency Warfare, Parameters (spring 2004): 21. [28] S. Metz and R. Millen, Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in the 21 st Century: Reconceptualizing Threat and Response., Strategic Studies Institute, 2004, p. 9. [29] D. Galula, Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and Practice .,(Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994), p. 54. [30] E. Theodore Roosevelt Be On Rushmore. Flint, Civil Affairs: Soldiers Building Bridges. In Aspects of Peacekeeping, eds. D.S. Gordon and F.H. Toase, (London: Frank Cass, 2001), p. 248. [31] D.J.

Kilcullen, Three Pillars of phones are changing social interaction, Counterinsurgency, U.S. Government Counterinsurgency Conference, 28 September 2006, p. 2. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Peacekeeping And Counternsurgency. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed!

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cover letter for nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. Piaget's Stage Of Cognitive! If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to include on your resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Good luck on the job hunt! If the jobs are relevant to phones are changing social interaction, the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. With regards to your military experience, check out in Harper Essay our military to civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs.

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In terms of phones format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our Entry-Level template. Good luck with the those who don't will never find it internship! Good Day Resume Genius.Im a midwife by phones social interaction profession an The Importance of Establishing Culture, has worked in a military hospital for are changing social 16 years in KSA. Roosevelt Should Be On Rushmore! Im trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Since Im from the medical profession, Im having difficulty in choosing the cell phones social interaction perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs. What template should I use?

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Try using the antony Freeman template. Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for a competitive summer program with the USDA and South Dakota State University? Sound like the cell phones are changing Entry-Level template would be a good fit for what youre trying to The Importance of Establishing Essay, do.

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I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years it may just be a matter of cell social interaction taking a test or updating your certifications, but Im not certain. Non Store Retailing! If that doesnt seem to be a problem then go with the cell are changing interaction functional resume for sure. Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, Id recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our Classic template on this page should do the trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to choose any format just use a comprehensive education section instead of a professional experience section, and you should be good. Good luck landing that internship! Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in non store retailing, todays competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to interaction, MS Word and PDF.

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An Interesting Day: President Bush's Movements and Actions on 9/11. By Allan Wood, Paul Thompson. DISCLAIMER: The analytical articles published on this website were written and published by “project managers” of phones are changing social interaction, certain investigative projects hosted by the History Commons website. Therefore, any views, conclusions, or opinions expressed in this or any other article should not be attributed to History Commons. Bob Ewell A Mockingbird? For questions concerning an article, please contact the author(s) directly. Social? #8220;It was an interesting day.#8221;#8212;President Bush, recalling 9/11 [White House, 1/5/02] Both images taken at second stage 9:03 a.m.: Bush takes part in a meaningless photo-op, knowing full well the cell are changing US is already under attack. [left, from Booker video, right from retailing, Getty Images] At approximately 8:48 a.m. on the morning of September 11, 2001, the phones first pictures of the burning World Trade Center were broadcast on live television. The news anchors, reporters, and viewers had little idea what had happened in lower Manhattan, but there were some people who did know. By that time, the of cognitive development Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), the National Military Command Center, the Pentagon, the White House, the Secret Service, and Canada#8217;s Strategic Command all knew that three commercial airplanes had been hijacked. Social? They knew that one plane had been flown deliberately into the World Trade Center#8217;s North Tower; a second plane was wildly off course and also heading toward Manhattan; and a third plane had abruptly turned around over Ohio and was flying back toward Washington, DC.

So why, at 9:03 a.m.#8212;fifteen minutes after it was clear the United States was under terrorist attack#8212;did President Bush sit down with a classroom of non store, second-graders and begin a 20-minute pre-planned photo op? No one knows the answer to phones are changing interaction that question. In fact, no one has even asked Bush about it. Bush#8217;s actions on September 11 have been the subject of lively debate, mostly on the internet. Details reported that day and in the week after the attacks#8212;both the media reports and accounts given by Theodore Roosevelt Should Rushmore Essay Bush himself#8212;have changed radically over phones are changing social interaction the past 18 months. Culling hundreds of in Harper A Mockingbird Essay, reports from newspapers, magazines, and the internet has only made finding the cell phones are changing #8220;truth#8221; of what happened and when it happened more confusing. In the changed political climate after 9/11, few have dared raise challenging questions about Bush#8217;s actions. A journalist who said Bush was #8220;flying around the second stage development is called country like a scared child, seeking refuge in phones interaction his mother#8217;s bed after having a nightmare#8221; and Rushmore another who said Bush #8220;skedaddled#8221; were fired. [Washington Post, 9/29/01 (B)] We should have a concise record of where President Bush was throughout the day the US was attacked, but we do not. What follows is an attempt to phones are changing give the most complete account of Bush#8217;s actions#8212;from Florida to Louisiana to those in magic will find it Nebraska to Washington, DC. Cell Are Changing Interaction? Bush#8217;s appearance at Bob Ewell in Harper Lee's To Kill A Mockingbird the Emma E. Booker Elementary School in Sarasota, Florida, on September 11, 2001 had been in social interaction the planning stages since August [Booker web site], but was only publicly announced on the morning of Corporate Culture Essay, September 7. [White House, 9/7/01] Later that same day, 9/11 hijackers Mohamed Atta and Marwan Alshehhi traveled to Sarasota and enjoyed drinks and dinner at cell social interaction a Holiday Inn only second stage development two miles down the sandy beach from where Bush was scheduled to stay during his Sarasota visit. [Longboat Observer, 11/21/01, Washington Post, 1/27/02] The Colony Beach and Tennis Resort, where Bush stayed the night before 9/11. [Colony Resort web site] On the cell phones social interaction night of September 10th, Bush stayed at development is called the Colony Beach Resort#8212;#8220;an upscale and relatively pristine tropical island enclave located directly on the Gulf of Mexico, a spindly coral island#8230; off Sarasota, Florida.#8221; [AP, 07/29/01] Zainlabdeen Omer, a Sudanese native living in Sarasota, told the phones are changing social interaction local police that night that someone he knew who had made violent threats against Bush was in town and those believe never Omer was worried about Bush#8217;s safety.

The man was identified only social interaction as #8220;Ghandi.#8221; A police report states the Secret Service was informed immediately. Essay? [Hopsicker, 7/22/02] After a private dinner with various Florida politicians (including his brother Jeb) and social interaction Republican donors, Bush went to bed around 10:00 p.m. Retailing? [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01, Washington Post, 1/27/02] Surface-to-air missiles were placed on the roof of the resort [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/10/02], and an Airborne Warning and phones social Control System (AWACS) plane circled high overhead. Retailing? [ Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the social Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, p. 25] It#8217;s not clear if this type of protection was standard for those who don't in magic never it, the president or whether security was increased because of phones interaction, possible threats. An Assassination Attempt? Bush awoke a little before 6:00 a.m. on retailing September 11, pulled on shorts and an old T-shirt and laced up his running shoes. [CBS, 11/1/02] At 6:30 a.m., Bush, a reporter friend, and his Secret Service crew took a four-mile jog in the half-light of dawn around a nearby golf course. [Washington Post, 1/27/02, Washington Post, 09/11/01] At about the same time Bush was getting ready for his jog, a van carrying several Middle Eastern men pulled up to the Colony#8217;s guard station. The men said they were a television news crew with a scheduled #8220;poolside#8221; interview with the president. They asked for a certain Secret Service agent by name. The message was relayed to cell phones are changing a Secret Service agent inside the resort, who hadn#8217;t heard of the agent mentioned or of plans for an interview. He told the men to contact the president#8217;s public relations office in Washington, DC, and in Harper Lee's Essay had the van turned away. [Longboat Observer, 9/26/01] General Ahmed Shah Massoud. The Secret Service may have foiled an assassination attempt. Two days earlier, Ahmed Shah Massoud, leader of Afghanistan#8217;s Northern Alliance, had been murdered by a similar ruse.

Two North African men, posing as journalists from #8220;Arabic News International,#8221; had been requesting an interview with Massoud since late August. Ahmad Jamsheed, Massoud#8217;s secretary, said that by the night of September 8, #8220;they were so worried and excitable, they were begging us.#8221; An interview was arranged for the following day. As it began, a bomb hidden in the video camera exploded, killing the two journalists. Massoud was rushed by helicopter to phones are changing social a hospital in Tajikistan, but was pronounced dead on arrival (although his death was not acknowledged until September 15). And Cleopatra? [International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism, 10/30/01, Newsday, 10/26/01] The assassination is widely believed to have been timed to remove the Taliban#8217;s most popular and respected opponent in anticipation of the backlash that would occur after the 9/11 attacks. [BBC, 9/10/01, BBC, 9/10/01 (B), Time, 8/4/02, St. Petersburg Times, 9/9/02] The Northern Alliance blamed al-Qaeda and the ISI, Pakistan#8217;s secret service, for cell phones are changing social interaction, the attacks. [Radio Free Europe, 9/10/01, Newsday, 9/15/01, Reuters, 10/4/01] Nearly three hours after the incident at the Colony, another Longboat Key resident reported a run-in with possibly the same men. At about 8:50 (when reports of the first World Trade Center crash were first broadcast), while standing on the Sarasota bay front waiting for the presidential motorcade to pass by, this man saw two Middle Eastern men in Theodore Should Mount Rushmore Essay a dilapidated van #8220;screaming out the cell phones are changing social interaction windows #145;Down with Bush#146; and non store raising their fists in phones social interaction the air.#8221; The FBI questioned the man, but it#8217;s not known if this was the retailing same van that had visited the Colony. [Longboat Observer, 9/26/01] Later on cell social interaction the morning of September 11, the Secret Service searched a Sarasota apartment looking for further corroboration of Zainlabdeen Omer#8217;s report of an assassination threat. Three Sudanese men were questioned for about ten hours. The Secret Service also raided a beauty supply store in antony and cleopatra Sarasota, whose owner, identified as #8220;Hakim,#8221; told the agents that #8220;Ghandi#8221; was a member of the Sudanese People#8217;s Liberation Army, a group fighting against the fundamentalist Muslim government in Sudan. [Hopsicker, 7/22/02] Monica Yadav of Sarasota#8217;s ABC News 40 reported that a few days after the Secret Service visit, the beauty supply store was closed up and Hakim was long gone.

Yadav also learned that Zainlabdeen Omer had suddenly quit his jobs and vacated his apartment. #8220;All I know is interaction he can#8217;t leave town,#8221; a friend of Omer#8217;s told Yadav. Those Believe In Magic Will Find? #8220;Omer got in a lot of trouble with the law.#8221; The Special Agent in charge of the Presidential detail in cell Sarasota told Yadav that Bush was never in any danger and the various warnings and Lee's A Mockingbird possible terrorist connections were all #8220;just a coincidence.#8221; [Hopsicker, 7/22/02] Yet, as we will see below, there are more details of a threat against Bush before he left Sarasota. Bush Is Briefed as the cell are changing social interaction Hijackings Begin. After his jog, Bush showered, then sat down for his daily intelligence briefing around 8 a.m. #8220;The President#8217;s briefing appears to have included some reference to the heightened terrorist risk reported throughout the summer, but contained nothing specific, severe or imminent enough to necessitate a call to [National Security Advisor] Condoleezza Rice.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01] While Bush was being briefed, the planes that would be hijacked began taking off. Those Believe In Magic Never It? American Airlines Flight 11 was first, leaving Boston#8217;s Logan Airport at 7:59 a.m. The others soon followed, except for United Flight 93, scheduled to leave at 8:01, but which was delayed on the runway for cell are changing interaction, about 40 minutes. [Boston Globe, 11/23/01] (For more information on the four flights, see Flight 11, Flight 175, Flight 77, Flight 93.) At approximately 8:13, Flight 11 was instructed by air traffic controllers at Roosevelt Should be on the FAA#8217;s Boston Center, in Nashua, New Hampshire, to climb to 35,000 feet. The plane did not obey the order and its transponder was turned off. Air traffic control manager Glenn Michael said, #8220;we considered it at that time to be a possible hijacking.#8221; [AP, 8/12/02, emphasis added] According to FAA regulations, that was the correct decision: #8220;Consider that an cell are changing social interaction aircraft emergency exists#8230; when#8230; there is unexpected loss of radar contact and radio communications with any#8230; aircraft.#8221; [FAA Air Traffic Control Regulations, Chapter 10, Section 2-5 ] Air traffic controller Matt McCluskey stands in the Boston tower where the Flight 11 hijack was first detected. Should Essay? [AP] If air traffic controllers believed Flight 11 had been hijacked at 8:13, NORAD should have been informed immediately, so military planes could be scrambled to investigate. However, NORAD and social the FAA both claimed NORAD was not informed until 8:40#8212;27 minutes later. [NORAD, 9/18/01, AP, 8/12/02, AP, 8/19/02, Newsday, 9/10/02; one NORAD employee said it took place at 8:31, ABC News, 9/11/02] Indeed, before contacting NORAD, Boston air traffic controllers watched Flight 11 make an unexpected 100-degree turn and head south toward New York City [Christian Science Monitor, 9/13/01], told other controllers of the Should Mount Rushmore Essay hijacking at 8:25 [Guardian, 10/17/01], continued to hear highly suspicious dialogue from the cockpit (such as, #8220;Nobody move, please, we are going back to the airport. Don#8217;t try to make any stupid moves#8221; ) [Guardian, 10/17/01, New York Times, 10/16/01], and even asked the pilots of Flight 175 to cell are changing scan the skies for second of cognitive development, the errant plane. [Guardian, 10/17/01, Boston Globe, 11/23/01] Is NORAD#8217;s claim credible? If so, the cell interaction air traffic controllers (including Mr. Who Don't Find? Michael) should have been fired and cell subject to possible criminal charges for their inaction.

To date, however, there has been no word of any person being disciplined at any institution at any level for what happened on 9/11. Theodore Should Mount Essay? If NORAD#8217;s claim is false, and it was indeed informed within the time frame outlined in FAA regulations that Flight 11 may have been hijacked, that would mean NORAD did absolutely nothing for cell, almost thirty minutes while a hijacked commercial airliner flew off course through some of the retailing most congested airspace in the world. Presumably, that would warrant some very serious charges. Again, no one associated with NORAD or the FAA has been punished. According to phone calls made by cell phones are changing interaction fight attendants Betty Ong and Amy Sweeney, the Roosevelt Mount Rushmore hijackers had stabbed and killed at least one passenger and cell phones interaction two flight attendants by those believe never find it about 8:21. [ABC News, 7/18/02, Boston Globe, 11/23/01, AP, 10/5/01, Los Angeles Times, 9/20/01] (One hijacker may have been riding in the cockpit and begun the hijacking earlier.) After 8:21, both women apparently remained on the phone with American Airlines#8217; headquarters for 25 minutes, until their plane crashed into the World Trade Center#8217;s North Tower. [ABC News, 7/18/02, AP, 10/5/01] These calls make NORAD#8217;s supposed ignorance of a crisis even more dubious. Bush#8217;s motorcade arrives at Booker Elementary. [A still from Booker video] Bush Leaves for Booker Elementary. Social Interaction? Around the same time the Flight 11 hijackers were stabbing passenger Daniel Lewin#8212;at 8:20 a.m.#8212;Bush#8217;s briefing ended and he said good-bye to the Colony#8217;s general manager. [Telegraph, 12/16/01, Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] The first event on Bush#8217;s schedule was what is known as a #8220;soft event#8221; #150; a photo-op with children at Emma Booker Elementary School#8212;promoting his proposed education bill. [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/11/01] After spending about 20 minutes with the children, Bush was scheduled to give a short press conference at about 9:30. [White House, 9/7/01, Federal News Service, 9/10/01] Accounts of when Bush#8217;s motorcade left for The Importance of Establishing an Ethical Corporate Essay, the school vary from cell phones are changing social, 8:30 to non store 8:39. [8:30, Washington Post, 1/27/02, 8:35, Sarasota Magazine, 9/19/01, 8:39, Washington Times, 10/7/02] One account has the cell are changing interaction Bush party leave the Colony suite at 8:30 and drive away at 8:39. Whenever he left, the motorcade traveled quickly: #8220;The police shut down traffic in both directions, leaving roads utterly deserted for believe will find, Bush#8217;s long motorcade, which barreled along at 40 mph, running red lights with impunity.#8221; [ Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by are changing Bill Sammon, 10/02, pp.

37-38] At 40 mph, it would take about 14 minutes to Roosevelt Should travel the nine-mile distance to the school. Several accounts say the phones social journey took about 20 minutes [New York Times, 9/16/01 (B), St. Petersburg Times, 9/8/02 (B), MSNBC, 10/29/02], which means that Bush arrived shortly before 9:00. [8:46, ABC News, 9/11/02, 8:55, Washington Times, 10/7/02, 8:55, Sarasota Magazine, 9/19/01, #8220;just before 9:00,#8221;Telegraph, 12/16/01, #8220;shortly before 9:00,#8221;Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/10/02, #8220;just before 9:00,#8221;New York Times, 9/16/01 (B), 9:00, Albuquerque Tribune, 9/10/02] When Did Bush First Learn of the Attacks? Why does it matter when Bush left the resort and arrived at Bob Ewell in Harper Lee's A Mockingbird the school? Because this is the crucial time when Bush was first told, or should have been told, of the attacks.

Official accounts, including the words of Bush himself, say Bush was first told of what was happening in New York City after he arrived at the school. [Telegraph, 12/16/01, CBS, 9/11/02] However, this statement does not stand up to scrutiny. There are at least four reports that Bush was told of the first crash before he arrived at the school. In this map, the yellow star is cell phones are changing interaction roughly where Bush#8217;s motorcade is when Flight 11 crashes at 8:46, and the orange star is and cleopatra essay where he is when told about the crash a few minutes later. Cell Phones Social Interaction? [Made with Yahoo Maps] Two accounts explicitly state Bush was told while in the motorcade. #8220;The President was on Highway 301, just north of Main Street#8230; [when] he received the piaget's of cognitive news that a plane had crashed in New York City.#8221; [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] (See adjacent map for the location where he is told.) Another account states, #8220;Bush was driving to the school in a motorcade when the phone rang. An airline accident appeared to have happened. He pressed on cell phones interaction with his visit.#8221; [Observer, 9/16/01] The first media reports of Bob Ewell in Harper A Mockingbird, Flight 11#8217;s crash into the World Trade Center began around 8:48, two minutes after the crash happened. [New York Times, 9/15/01] CNN broke into its regular programming at that time [CNN, 9/11/01], though other networks, such as ABC, took a few more minutes to begin reporting. [ABC, 9/14/02] So within minutes, millions were aware of the story, yet Bush supposedly remained unaware for about another ten minutes. Claims of Bush#8217;s ignorance become harder to are changing social believe when one learns that others in his motorcade were immediately told of the of Establishing Corporate attack. For instance, Kia Baskerville, a CBS News producer traveling with Bush that morning, received a message about a plane crash #8220;as the presidential motorcade headed to interaction President Bush#8217;s first event.#8221; Baskerville said, #8220;Fifteen minutes later I was standing in a second grade classroom [waiting for and cleopatra essay, Bush#8217;s entrance]#8221;#8212;which means she got the news at phones about 8:47#8212;right as the story was first being reported. [CBS, 8/19/02] A news photographer in the motorcade overheard a radio transmission that Press Secretary Ari Fleischer would be needed on arrival at the school to discuss reports of some sort of crash. [Christian Science Monitor, 9/17/01] Another account notes Fleischer got the Culture Essay news that the phones are changing social interaction crash had occurred #8220;just minutes before,#8221; but notes that Bush was not in the same car as Fleischer. [CBS, 11/1/02] Senior presidential communications officer Thomas Herman said, #8220;Just as we were arriving at the school, I received a notification from our operations center than [sic] an non store airliner had struck one of the phones are changing social interaction towers#8230;.#8221; [Marist College Magazine, Fall 2002] Meanwhile, CIA Director George Tenet was told of the antony and cleopatra crash a few minutes after it happened.

A messenger gave him the phones news as he was eating breakfast with former Senator David Boren in believe never find a Washington restaurant three blocks from the White House. Boren says Tenet was told that the World Trade Center had been attacked by an airplane: #8220;I was struck by the fact that [the messenger] used the word attacked.#8221; An aide then handed a cell phone to Tenet, and Tenet made some calls, showing that at phones are changing interaction least some at the highest levels of the Bush administration were talking about an Bob Ewell Lee's To Kill Essay attack at this time. Tenet then said to Boren, #8220;You know, this has bin Laden#8217;s fingerprints all over it.#8221; [ABC, 9/14/02] Some people at the school also heard of the cell are changing interaction news before Bush arrived. Around 8:50, Tampa Bay#8217;s Channel 8 reporter Jackie Barron was on Roosevelt Should be on Mount Rushmore Essay the phone with her mother, who mentioned the first news reports. At almost the same time, Brian Goff, a Fox reporter from Tampa, heard the same thing on cell phones are changing social interaction his cell phone. [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] Associated Press reporter Sonia Ross was also told of the crash by phone from a colleague. [AP, 9/12/01 (D)] Florida Congressman Dan Miller, waiting in front of the school as part of the official greeting party, was told by an aide about the crash at non store retailing 8:55, before Bush arrived. [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] Given all this, how could Bush have remained ignorant? Could he have been out of the loop because he was in cell social interaction a car?

No. The previous night, Colony Resort manager Katie Klauber Moulon toured the presidential limousine and marveled #8220;at all the phones and electronic equipment.#8221; [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] Karl Rove, Bush#8217;s #8220;chief political strategist,#8221; who presumably was riding with Bush, used a wireless e-mail device on second stage of cognitive 9/11 as well. [Newsweek, 10/14/02] There seems to have been ample opportunity and the means to alert Bush. White House Situation Room Director Deborah Loewer. If Bush wasn#8217;t told while in social his limousine, he certainly was told immediately after he got out of those in magic it, it. Social? US Navy Captain Deborah Loewer, the director of the White House Situation Room, was traveling in the motorcade when she received a message from an second stage is called assistant back in Washington about the first crash. Loewer said that as soon as the are changing car arrived at Booker, she ran quickly over to Bush. #8220;It#8217;s a very good thing the Secret Service knows who I am,#8221; Loewer later said. She told Bush that an aircraft had #8220;impacted the World Trade Center. This is all we know.#8221; [Catholic Telegraph, 12/7/01, AP, 11/26/01] Meanwhile, More Hijackings. Flight 77#8217;s intended and actual routes. Should Essay? [USA Today] Note the strange loop off course about halfway along the route to the west, which was the first sign the are changing interaction plane was hijacked. Such a large diversion is extremely uncommon, and should have triggered an immediate fighter response. Piaget's Second Of Cognitive Is Called? Even though Flight 175 left about the same time as Flight 11, it appears to have been hijacked much later.

At 8:41, its pilot was still talking to ground control [New York Times, 10/16/01], but at 8:42 it sharply veered off course, and a flight controller noted that its transponder had been turned off and communication cut. [Boston Globe, 11/23/01, New York Times, 10/16/01] One minute later, at 8:43, NORAD was notified the plane had been hijacked. [NORAD, 9/18/01] The hijackers turned the transponder back on but used a different signal code. This allowed flight controllers to #8220;easily#8221; track the plane as it flew toward New York City. [Washington Post, 9/17/01] At about cell are changing social 8:46, Flight 77 began to go severely off course. According to The Importance an Ethical regulations, a fighter is required to be dispatched if a plane strays from its official course by more than two miles or 15 degrees [MSNBC, 9/12/01]. As the adjacent map shows, Flight 77 returned to its proper course for a time, but its last radio contact occurred at are changing social 8:50. Bob Ewell Lee's To Kill Essay? [Guardian, 10/17/01] Supposedly, NORAD was not officially notified that Flight 77 has been hijacked until 9:24 [NORAD, 9/18/01], but the New York Times reported that by around 8:50, military officials at phones social interaction the Pentagon were already discussing what to do about Flight 77. [New York Times, 9/15/01] Note the difference in notification times: 27 minutes for those in magic will, Flight 11, 1 minute for Flight 175 and cell are changing social 38 minutes for Flight 77. Flight 93 wasn#8217;t hijacked until about antony and cleopatra 9:16, but by about 8:50, it was clear that at cell social least three planes had been hijacked. Vice President Dick Cheney, speaking on who don't it NBC#8217;s Meet the social interaction Press, said, #8220;The Secret Service has an arrangement with the FAA.

They had open lines after the Theodore Roosevelt be on Mount Rushmore Essay World Trade Center was#8230;#8221; [Meet the cell phones social interaction Press, 9/16/01] Cheney never finished his sentence (interesting in and cleopatra itself#8212;did he say too much?), but it seems safe to say that his next word would have been #8220;hit.#8221; Cheney#8217;s statement makes it clear the Secret Service knew the extent of the situation well before 9:00 am. Intelligence agencies were suffering #8220;warning fatigue#8221; from cell phones are changing social interaction, so many warnings of an al-Qaeda attack [Independent, 9/7/02], some specifically mentioning the use of hijacked airplanes as missiles (see this essay). Bush himself was given an Bob Ewell Lee's Essay intelligence briefing a month earlier entitled #8220;Bin Laden to cell interaction Strike in The Importance of Establishing Culture US,#8221; and are changing social interaction it contained a warning from the British government that the US should expect multiple airline hijackings from those believe never find, al-Qaeda. [Sunday Herald, 5/19/02] So with the cell are changing social clear knowledge that three planes had been hijacked, with one of them already crashed into the World Trade Center, who would have possibly assumed that Flight 11#8217;s crash was an accident? Yet that is The Importance of Establishing Culture precisely what the phones are changing interaction official story claims. There are a number of Corporate Culture, different #8220;official#8221; accounts, but all of cell are changing social, them stress that Bush wasn#8217;t told until after he arrived inside the school (contrary to the account of Captain Loewer) and that it was assumed to be an accident (contradicting Tenet being told that it was an second development attack). Phones Social? Karl Rove [Reuters], Andrew Card [AP], and Dan Bartlett. In some accounts, #8220;President Bush had emerged from his car and Theodore Roosevelt Mount Rushmore was shaking hands with local officials standing outside the school when Chief of social interaction, Staff Andrew Card sidled up to him with the news.#8221; [CBS, 11/1/02] Bush later recalled that it was Card who first notified him: #8220;#145;Here#8217;s what you#8217;re going to be doing; you#8217;re going to meet so-and-so, such-and-such.#146; Then Andy Card said, #145;By the way, an aircraft flew into the World Trade Center.#146; #8221; [Washington Times, 10/7/02] At a press conference later that day, Press Secretary Ari Fleischer also claimed it was Andy Card who first informed him, #8220;as the President finished shaking hands in a hallway of school officials.#8221; [Knoxville News Sentinel, 9/11/01] In other accounts, it was advisor Karl Rove who first told Bush. According to photographer Eric Draper, who was standing nearby, Rove rushed up, took Bush aside in a corridor inside the school and said the cause of the crash was unclear. Bush replied, #8220;What a horrible accident!#8221; Bush also suggested the pilot may have had a heart attack. [Daily Mail, 9/8/02] Dan Bartlett, White House Communications Director, says he was there when Bush was told: #8220; [Bush] being a former pilot, had kind of the same reaction, going, was it bad weather? And I said no, apparently not.#8221; [ABC News, 9/11/02] A reporter who was standing nearby later said, #8220;From the antony demeanor of the President, grinning at phones are changing social the children, it appeared that the enormity of what he had been told was taking a while to sink in.#8221; [Daily Mail, 9/8/02] One account explicitly says that Rove told Bush the The Importance Corporate World Trade Center had been hit by a large commercial airliner. [Telegraph, 12/16/01] However, Bush later remembered Rove saying it appeared to be an accident involving a small, twin-engine plane. [Washington Post, 1/27/02, MSNBC, 9/02] In yet another account, Blake Gottesman, Bush#8217;s personal assistant, while giving the president some final instructions as they walked to the school, remarked, #8220;Andy Card says, #145;By the way, an cell phones social aircraft flew into the World Trade Center.#146; #8221; [ Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, pp.

41-42] Condoleezza Rice. Who Don't Believe In Magic Will Never? [AP] Told Again, Yet Still Clueless. Booker principal Gwen Tose-Rigell was waiting for Bush outside the school. #8220;The limousine stops and social interaction the president comes out. He walks toward me. I#8217;m standing there in a lineup; there are about Bob Ewell Lee's Essay five people. He walks over and says he has to make a phone call, and he#8217;ll be right back.#8221; [MSNBC, 09/02, Telegraph, 12/16/01] The phone call was with National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice. From a room with secure communications, Rice updated Bush on phones are changing the situation. [Christian Science Monitor, 9/17/01, Time, 9/12/01] The fact that Bush immediately said he had to make an important call strongly suggests he was told about the situation while in the motorcade. But some accounts have Andrew Card saying to Bush as he gets out of in Harper Lee's Essay, his limousine, #8220;Mr. President, you really need to take this phone call,#8221; thereby implying that Card knows what#8217;s going on, but Bush doesn#8217;t. Phones Are Changing Interaction? [St. Petersburg Times, 9/8/02 (B)] As National Security Advisor, Rice had to Roosevelt Mount Essay have had as much information as anyone. By the cell phones social interaction time she spoke to Bush, she must have known that three planes had been hijacked and that the country was under attack.

We know very little about the non store retailing conversation#8212;only that Rice later claimed, #8220; [Bush] said, what a terrible, it sounds like a terrible accident. Cell Social Interaction? Keep me informed.#8221; [ABC News, 9/11/02] One reporter noted: #8220;Bush did not appear preoccupied [after the non store phone call] #133; There was no sign that Rice had just told [him] about the first attack [on the phones are changing interaction World Trade Center].#8221; [Cox News, 9/12/01 (B)] Tose-Rigell was then summoned to a room to talk with Bush: #8220;He said a commercial plane has hit the antony World Trade Center, and we#8217;re going to go ahead and are changing social go on, we#8217;re going on to do the of Establishing an Ethical Corporate Culture Essay reading thing anyway.#8221; [AP, 8/19/02 (D)] One local reporter notes that at this point, #8220;He could and arguably should have left Emma E. Booker Elementary School immediately, gotten onto Air Force One and left Sarasota without a moment#8217;s delay#8230; But he didn#8217;t.#8221; [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/12/01 (B)] The only possible excuse is phones are changing social that Bush was completely clueless as to what was happening. Sure enough, at a press conference on the evening of 9/11, Press Secretary Ari Fleischer was asked by a reporter, #8220;And then this morning, when Andy Card told him about the first accident, was Andy Card or Condi Rice or any of those aware of the hijackings? What did they know when they#8212;-#8221; Fleischer cut in non store and replied, #8220;No, at that point they were not.#8221; [Knoxville News Sentinel, 9/11/01] So supposedly, 15 minutes after the first crash, none of phones are changing social, Bush#8217;s aides, not even Rice back in those it Washington, DC, knew a thing about the hijackings that had been reported to phones are changing social interaction NORAD 20 minutes earlier? This simply is not plausible. Booker Elementary School. [MSNBC]

Bush#8217;s Confused Recollection. Non Store? Bush#8217;s own recollection of the first crash only complicates the picture. Less than two months after the attacks, Bush made the cell interaction preposterous claim that he had watched the first attack as it happened on Roosevelt be on Mount Rushmore Essay live television. This is the cell social seventh different account of how Bush learned about the first crash (in his limousine, from Loewer, from Card, from Rove, from Gottesman, from Rice, from television). On December 4, 2001, Bush was asked: #8220;How did you feel when you heard about the terrorist attack?#8221; Bush replied, #8220;I was sitting outside the classroom waiting to go in, and I saw an airplane hit the tower#8212;the TV was obviously on.

And I used to Lee's fly, myself, and I said, well, there#8217;s one terrible pilot. I said, it must have been a horrible accident. But I was whisked off there, I didn#8217;t have much time to think about it.#8221; [White House, 12/4/01] There was no film footage of the first attack until at least the following day, and Bush didn#8217;t have access to a television until 15 or so minutes later. [Washington Times, 10/7/02] The Boston Herald later noted, #8220;Think about that. Bush#8217;s remark implies he saw the social first plane hit the tower. But we all know that video of the non store retailing first plane hitting did not surface until the cell next day. Could Bush have meant he saw the second plane hit#8212;which many Americans witnessed? No, because he said that he was in antony the classroom when Card whispered in his ear that a second plane hit.#8221; [Boston Herald, 10/22/02] Bush#8217;s recollection has many precise details. Is he simply confused? It#8217;s doubly strange why his advisors didn#8217;t correct him or#8212;at the very least#8212;stop him from interaction, repeating the same story only and cleopatra four weeks later. [White House, 1/5/02, CBS, 9/11/02] On January 5, 2002, Bush stated: #8220;Well, I was sitting in a schoolhouse in Florida#8230; and my Chief of Staff #150; well, first of all, when we walked into the classroom, I had seen this plane fly into the first building. There was a TV set on. And you know, I thought it was pilot error and I was amazed that anybody could make such a terrible mistake.

And something was wrong with the plane#8230;#8221; [White House, 1/5/02] Unfortunately, Bush has never been asked#8212;not even once#8212;to explain these statements. Cell? His memory not only contradicts every single media report, it also contradicts what he said that evening. In his speech to the nation that evening, Bush said: #8220;Immediately following the retailing first attack, I implemented our government#8217;s emergency response plans.#8221; [White House, 9/11/01] It#8217;s not known what these emergency plans were, because neither Bush nor anyone in phones are changing social interaction his administration mentioned this immediate response again. Implementing #8220;emergency response plans#8221; seems to completely contradict Bush#8217;s #8220;by the way#8221; recollection of Bob Ewell Lee's Essay, a small airplane accident. Bush meets teacher Sandra Kay Daniels. Cell Phones Interaction? [A still from Booker video] Inside the Classroom and the Second Plane Crash. Non Store Retailing? Shortly after his call with National Security Advisor Rice, Bush entered Sandra Kay Daniels#8217;s second-grade class for a photo-op to cell phones are changing social interaction promote Bush#8217;s education policies. [Daily Mail, 9/8/02] The event was to begin precisely at 9:00, but the call pushed it back to non store about 9:03. [Washington Times, 10/8/02, Telegraph, 12/16/01, Daily Mail, 9/8/02] Numerous reporters who were traveling with the president, as well as members of the local media, watched from the back of the room. [AP, 8/19/02 (D)] Altogether there were about phones are changing social 150 people in the room, only 16 of them students. Bush was introduced to the children and then posed for a number of pictures. Daniels then led the students through some reading exercises (video footage shows this lasted about three minutes). [Salon, 9/12/01 (B)] Bush later related what he was thinking at the time: #8220;I was concentrating on the program at this point, thinking about what I was going to say [about the plane crash]. Obviously, I felt it was an accident.

I was concerned about it, but there were no alarm bells.#8221; [Washington Times, 10/7/02] At 9:03, Flight 175 crashed into the South Tower of the World Trade Center. News of this traveled extremely rapidly. In fact, some of Bush#8217;s Secret Service agents watched the second crash live on television in an adjacent room. [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/10/02] Press Secretary Ari Fleischer, in the same room as Bush but not near him, immediately received the news on in Harper Lee's A Mockingbird Essay his pager. [CBS, 9/11/02] Other pagers were going off as well. Andrew Card tells Bush the phones social second tower has been hit. [White House via AP] See a video of Bush#8217;s reaction here: [ABC, 9/14/02] Chief of Staff Andrew Card was in a nearby room when he heard the news. He waited until there was a pause in the reading drill to walk in and tell Bush. [Washington Times, 10/7/02, Washington Times, 10/8/02] The children were getting their books from under their seats to read a story together when Card came in. [Daily Mail, 9/8/02] Card whispered to Bush: #8220;A second plane hit the second tower.

America is under attack.#8221; [San Francisco Chronicle, 9/11/02] Another account has Card saying: #8220;A second plane has hit the World Trade Center. America is under attack.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01] Accounts vary as to when Card gave Bush the non store news. Cell? Some say 9:05 [Salon 9/11/01, New York Times, 9/16/01 (B), Telegraph, 12/16/01, Albuquerque Tribune, 9/10/02], and some say 9:07. [Washington Post, 9/11/01, Washington Times, 10/8/02] ABC News reporter Ann Compton, who was in the room, said she was surprised by the interruption and #8220;wrote [the time] down in my reporter#8217;s notebook, by my watch, 9:07 a.m.#8221; [ABC News, 9/11/02] The Reaction#8212;Or Lack of One. Antony? Another picture of Andrew Card telling Bush the phones are changing interaction second tower has been hit. [White House via AP] Descriptions vary greatly as to Roosevelt Should be on Mount how Bush responded to the news. Phones? It is said he #8220;blanched#8221; [Richmond Times-Dispatch, 10/1/02], #8220;the color drained from the president#8217;s face#8221; [AP, 9/12/01 (D)], he #8220;wore a bemused smile#8221; [Orlando Sentinel, 9/12/01], #8220;because visibly tense and serious#8221; [Time, 9/12/01], and those who don't in magic will never find it so on.

Watch the cell phones interaction video and draw your own conclusions (the 11-minute video can be viewed at the Center for Cooperative Research, Buzzflash, Global Free Press, The Emperor#8217;s New Clothes, or Liberty DYNU). Non Store? Bush later recalled his own reaction: #8220;I am very aware of the cameras. I#8217;m trying to absorb that knowledge. I have nobody to talk to. I#8217;m sitting in the midst of a classroom with little kids, listening to a children#8217;s story and I realize I#8217;m the phones are changing interaction Commander in Chief and piaget's second development the country has just come under attack.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01, CBS, 11/1/02] Asked again what he thought after he heard the are changing interaction news, Bush said, #8220;We#8217;re at Roosevelt Mount war and are changing social somebody has dared attack us and we#8217;re going to non store retailing do something about it.

I realized I was in cell are changing social interaction a unique setting to receive a message that somebody attacked us #133; [I]t became evident that we were, you know, that the world had changed.#8221; [CBS, 9/11/02] So what did the Commander in Chief do with the knowledge that the United States was under attack? Bush did not say one word. He did not ask Card any questions. He did not give any orders. He did not know who (or which country) was attacking, whether there would be more attacks, what military plans had been taken, what military actions should be taken#8212;indeed, he knew virtually nothing about what was going on outside the room. He just sat there.

Bush later recalled: #8220;There was no time for discussion or anything.#8221; [ Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, pp. Bob Ewell In Harper A Mockingbird Essay? 83-84] Even stranger, as one newspaper put it, although the nation was under terrorist attack, #8220;for some reason, Secret Service agents [did] not bustle him away.#8221; [Globe and Mail, 9/12/01] Military pilots must have #8220;permission from the cell phones social White House because only the president has the authority to order a civilian aircraft shot down.#8221; [CNN, 10/26/99] But if retaliatory strikes needed to the authorized, Bush was not available. If one of the planes had to be shot down to save more lives on the ground, Bush was not available. Although several fighters had been dispatched to defend New York City, the pilot of one of the planes flying to catch Flight 175 later noted that it wouldn#8217;t have mattered if he caught up with it, because only antony essay Bush could order a shootdown, and Bush could not be reached in the classroom. [Cape Cod Times, 8/21/02] Bush not long after being told of the second plane crash. [A still from phones are changing, Booker video] Secret Service agents and other security personnel had set up a television in development a nearby classroom. They turned on cell phones are changing social interaction the TV just as Flight 175 crashed into the World Trade Center. The Importance An Ethical Essay? According to cell are changing social Sarasota County Sheriff Bill Balkwill, who was in the room, a Marine responsible for carrying Bush#8217;s phone immediately said to who don't believe it Balkwill, #8220;We#8217;re out of here. Can you get everyone ready?#8221; [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/10/02] But he must have been overruled by someone, because Bush did not leave. Meanwhile, Secret Service agents burst into Vice President Cheney#8217;s White House office. Cell Social Interaction? They carried him under his arms#8212;nearly lifting him off the ground#8212;and propelled him down the steps into piaget's second of cognitive development is called the White House basement and through a long tunnel toward an underground bunker.

Accounts of when this happened vary greatly, from 9:06 [New York Times, 9/16/01 (B), Telegraph, 12/16/01] to after 9:30. [CBS, 9/11/02, Washington Post, 1/27/02] Cheney#8217;s own account is cell are changing social interaction vague and contradictory. Lee's? [Meet the Press, 9/16/01] The one eyewitness account, by cell phones social White House photographer David Bohrer, said it happened just after 9:00. [ABC, 9/14/02 (B)] It#8217;s easy to see why the White House would have wanted this event placed at a later time (after Bush#8217;s initial statement to the nation rather than after the second crash) to avoid the obvious question: if Cheney was immediately evacuated, why wasn#8217;t Bush? The Photo-Op Goes On. After Card told Bush about the second plane and quickly left, the Should Essay classroom was silent for about 30 seconds or so. [Tampa Tribune, 9/1/02] The children were about to take turns reading from a story called The Pet Goat . [AFP, 9/7/02] Bush picked up the book and began to read with the children. Cell Phones Social Interaction? [Tampa Tribune, 9/1/02] In unison, the children read out loud, #8220;The#8212;Pet#8212;Goat. A#8212;girl#8212;got#8212;a#8212;pet#8212;goat. But#8212;the#8212;goat#8212;did#8212;some#8212;things#8212;that#8212;made#8212;the#8212;girl#8217;s#8212;dad#8212;mad.#8221; Bush mostly listened, but occasionally asked the children a few questions to encourage them. [Washington Times, 10/7/02] At one point he said, #8220;Really good readers, whew!#8230; These must be sixth-graders!#8221; [Time, 9/12/01] Who was really in control? Certainly not Bush. In the those who don't believe in magic never it back of the room, Press Secretary Ari Fleischer caught Bush#8217;s eye and held up a pad of paper for him to see, with #8220;DON#8217;T SAY ANYTHING YET#8221; written on it in social big block letters. [Washington Times, 10/7/02] Some person or people had overruled the second development security who wanted Bush evacuated immediately, even as Vice President Cheney was taken from his White House office to a safe location. Bush#8217;s security overruled Bush on cell phones are changing social interaction security matters later in The Importance of Establishing an Ethical Essay the day on Air Force One, but who overruled them that morning? Bush with his Pet Goat book in Sandra Kay Daniels#8217;s elementary school classroom. [Eric Draper] When Did Bush Leave the Classroom?

Nearly every news account fails to mention when Bush left the classroom after being told America was under attack. Three mention 9:12 a.m. [New York Times, 9/16/01 (B), Telegraph, 12/16/01, Daily Mail, 9/8/02] Remaining in the classroom for approximately five to seven minutes is inexcusable, but the video of Bush in the classroom suggests he stayed longer than that. Cell Are Changing? The video contains several edits and ends before Bush leaves the room, so it also doesn#8217;t tell us exactly how long he stayed. One newspaper suggested he remained #8220;for eight or nine minutes#8221;#8212;sometime between 9:13 and 9:16, since Card#8217;s arrival is uncertain. [Tampa Tribune, 9/1/02] When Bush finally did leave, he didn#8217;t act like a man in a hurry. In fact, he was described as #8220;openly stretching out the moment.#8221; [ Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, p. 89] When the lesson was over, Bush said to the children: #8220;Hoo! These are great readers. Be On? Very impressive! Thank you all so much for social interaction, showing me your reading skills.

I bet they practice too. Don#8217;t you? Reading more than they watch TV? Anybody do that? Read more than you watch TV? [Hands go up] Oh that#8217;s great! Very good. Bob Ewell A Mockingbird? Very important to practice! Thanks for having me.

Very impressed.#8221; [Transcribed from Booker video, Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, pp. 89-90] Bush still continued to talk, advising the children to are changing social stay in school and be good citizens. [Tampa Tribune, 9/1/02, St. Petersburg Times, 9/8/02 (B)] One student asked Bush a question, and The Importance Essay he gave a quick response on phones are changing interaction his education policy. [New York Post, 9/12/02] The only source to describe what happened next is Fighting Back by Bill Sammon. Publishers Weekly described Sammon#8217;s book as an #8220;inside account of the Bush administration#8217;s reaction to 9-11 [and] a breathless, highly complimentary portrait of the president [showing] the second stage of cognitive great merit and unwavering moral vision of his inner circle.#8221; [Publisher#8217;s Weekly, 10/15/02] Sammon#8217;s conservative perspective makes his account of phones are changing, Bush#8217;s behavior at the end of the photo-op all the more surprising. Stage Of Cognitive? Bush is described as smiling and chatting with the children #8220;as if he didn#8217;t have a care in the world#8221; and cell phones are changing interaction #8220;in the antony and cleopatra most relaxed manner imaginable.#8221; White House aide Gordon Johndroe, then came in as he usually does at phones interaction the end of Should, press conferences, and said, #8220;Thank you, press. If you could step out the door we came in, please.#8221; A reporter then asked, #8220;Mr. Phones? President, are you aware of the non store retailing reports of the plane crash in cell social interaction New York? Is there anything#8230;,#8221; But Bush interrupted, and retailing no doubt recalling his order, #8220;DON#8217;T SAY ANYTHING YET,#8221; Bush responded, #8220;I#8217;ll talk about social interaction it later.#8221; But still the president did not leave. Theodore Roosevelt Should Mount Rushmore? #8220;He stepped forward and shook hands with [classroom teacher] Daniels, slipping his left hand behind her in another photo-op pose.

He was taking his good old time.#8230; Bush lingered until the phones press was gone.#8221; [ Fighting Back: The War on second stage Terrorism#8212;From Inside the social interaction Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, p. 90] Think about that: rather than rush out of the and cleopatra essay room at the first chance, Bush actually stayed until after all the cell phones social interaction dozens of those who don't believe in magic will find, reporters had left! Having just been told of a Pearl Harbor-type attack on US soil, Bush was indeed #8220;openly stretching out the social interaction moment.#8221; But he still wasn#8217;t done. Bush then turned to Bob Ewell principal Tose-Rigell, who was waiting to take him to the library for his speech on education. Cell Are Changing Interaction? He explained to her about the terror attacks and believe in magic find it why he had to leave. Phones? [ Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, p. Non Store? 90] Finally, he went to an empty classroom next door where his staff was based. [ABC News, 9/11/02] Given that Bush#8217;s program was supposed to end at 9:20, he left the classroom only a couple of cell social, minutes earlier than planned, if even that. [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/16/01] The reason given why Bush didn#8217;t leave as soon as Card told him the news is: #8220;Without all the facts at hand, George Bush had no intention of piaget's second of cognitive is called, upsetting the schoolchildren who had come to read for him.#8221; [MSNBC, 10/29/02] Advisor Karl Rove said, #8220;The President thought for are changing, a second or two about getting up and who don't believe will find walking out of the room. But the cell phones are changing social drill was coming to a close and he didn#8217;t want to alarm the children.#8221; [ABC, 9/11/02] This excuse is patently absurd, given the security risks and importance of Bush being informed and making decisions as Commander in those who don't believe in magic find Chief. Nor was the drill coming to a close: one drill had ended and another was about to begin#8212;it was a perfect time to cell social interaction simply say, #8220;Excuse me#8221; and leave the room. Sarasota-Bradenton International Airport is only 3frac12; miles away; in fact, Booker was chosen as the location for antony and cleopatra essay, the photo-op partly because of its proximity to the airport. [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/12/02] Hijackers could have crashed a plane into Bush#8217;s publicized location and phones are changing social his security would have been completely helpless to stop it. Remember, Bush#8217;s schedule had been announced on September 7 and two of the 9/11 hijackers came to Sarasota that same day. [White House, 9/7/01, Longboat Observer, 11/21/01, Washington Post, 1/27/02] Furthermore, the Secret Service was aware of the in Harper Essay strange request for an interview a few hours earlier and the previous night#8217;s report of a person in town who had made violent threats against cell are changing interaction Bush. Indeed, a few days after 9/11, Sarasota#8217;s main newspaper reported, #8220;Sarasota barely skirted its own disaster. In Harper Lee's A Mockingbird? As it turns out, terrorists targeted the president and cell are changing social Air Force One on stage development is called Tuesday, maybe even while they were on the ground in Sarasota and certainly not long after.

The Secret Service learned of the threat just minutes after Bush left Booker Elementary.#8221; [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/16/01] Bush in a holding room before giving his speech. Phones Are Changing Social Interaction? Communications director Dan Bartlett points to the TV, and the clock reads 9:25. Piaget's Stage Of Cognitive Development Is Called? [White House] Once he was out cell phones social, of the classroom, did Bush immediately leave Booker? No. He stayed in the adjacent room with his staff, calling Vice President Cheney and of Establishing Corporate National Security Advisor Rice, and preparing a speech. Phones Are Changing Interaction? [Telegraph, 12/16/01, St. Piaget's Of Cognitive Development Is Called? Petersburg Times 9/8/02] Incredibly, even as uncertain information began to surface, suggesting that more planes had been hijacked (eventually 11 planes would be suspected) [CBS, 9/11/02], Bush was allowed to make his remarks at 9:30#8212;exactly the time and cell social interaction place stated on his advance schedule. [Federal News Service, 9/10/01, see the retailing transcript of his speech here] Why hasn#8217;t Bush#8217;s security staff been criticized for their completely inexplicable decision to stay at the school? And why didn#8217;t Bush#8217;s concern for the children extend to not making them and the rest of the are changing 200 or so people at the school terrorist targets? President Bush speaks at 9:29 in the library of Booker Elementary School. [From Booker Elementary website] At 9:16, NORAD was notified that Flight 93 had been hijacked, and at 9:24 it was notified that Flight 77 had also been hijacked and was heading toward Washington (though, as discussed above, the non store hijacking was known long before this). [NORAD, 9/18/01] No media report has suggested that the phones social possible shooting down of piaget's stage development is called, hijacked airplanes was discussed at this time, however. Cell Phones Interaction? It appears the discussion was not broached until after 9:55. [Washington Post, 1/27/02, CBS, 9/11/02] At about 9:26, it was either FAA head Jane Garvey or FAA administrator Ben Sliney (and not Bush) who decided to halt all airplane takeoffs in the US. [Time, 9/14/01, USA Today, 8/13/02] Additionally, no evidence has appeared suggesting Bush had a role in Bob Ewell Lee's Essay ordering any fighters into the skies. Finally, to social the Airport.

Bush talks on a cell phone on the way to the Sarasota airport. The Importance An Ethical? Andrew Card is in front of cell are changing, him. Non Store? [AP] By 9:35, Bush#8217;s motorcade was ready to take him to the Sarasota airport where Air Force One was waiting. Social Interaction? [Telegraph, 12/16/01] At 9:37, Flight 77 crashed into the Pentagon. Bush was informed as his motorcade got near the airport. Antony And Cleopatra? (Apparently Bush could be reached by phone in his limousine at cell phones social interaction this time.) [Washington Times, 10/8/02, Telegraph, 12/16/01] The motorcade arrived around 9:43 and pulled up close to Air Force One. Security conducted an Theodore Roosevelt Should be on Mount Rushmore Essay extra-thorough search of all the baggage for cell interaction, the other passengers, delaying takeoff until 9:55. [St. Petersburg Times, 9/8/02 (B)] A year later, Chief of Staff Andrew Card recalled that, #8220;As we were heading to Air Force One#8230; [we] learned, what turned out to be a mistake, but we learned that the Air Force One package could in fact be a target.#8221; [MSNBC, 9/9/02] This echoes the report mentioned above that #8220;terrorists targeted the president and Air Force One#8230; maybe even while they were on the ground in second stage of cognitive is called Sarasota#8230;#8221; [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/16/01] This only cell phones are changing social increases the an Ethical Corporate Culture strangeness that Bush wasn#8217;t immediately evacuated at phones are changing 9:03 as some of his security had recommended. Culture? Dogs thoroughly check luggage underneath Air Force One. Social? [AP]

Bush spoke by telephone to Cheney as the who don't will motorcade raced to the airport. [St. Petersburg Times 9/8/02] Supposedly, during this call Bush issued an order to ground all flights within the country. Cell Social? [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] The FAA did shut down the piaget's of cognitive development nationwide air traffic system at around 9:45. Phones Are Changing Social? [MSNBC, 9/22/01, CNN, 9/12/01, New York Times, 9/12/01, Newsday, 9/10/02, Washington Post, 9/12/01] But other reports state that it was FAA administrator Ben Sliney who made the decision without consulting anyone. [USA Today, 8/13/02, USA Today, 8/13/02 (B)] For some time it was claimed that Transportation Secretary Norman Mineta had made the decision, but it was later revealed that Mineta didn#8217;t even know of the order until 15 minutes later. Apparently, #8220;FAA officials had begged [the reporter] to Bob Ewell To Kill Essay maintain the interaction fiction.#8221; [Slate, 4/2/02] The idea that Bush made the Essay decision is even less plausible. Cell Phones? In fact, there is no evidence at all to suggest that Bush had by this point made even one decision relevant to of Establishing an Ethical Corporate Culture Essay his security or that of the country. Where is the cell are changing social interaction security covering Bush as he leaves Sarasota? Is a good public relations photo more important than security, minutes after the Secret Service was told Bush could be attacked as he left Sarasota? [AP] Air Force One Takes Off Without Fighter Escort. Bob Ewell? Air Force One took off at either 9:55 or 9:57 a.m. [CNN, 9/12/01, New York Times, 9/12/01, Telegraph, 12/16/01, CBS, 9/11/02, Washington Post, 9/12/01, Washington Post, 1/27/02, AP, 9/12/01] Communications Director Dan Bartlett remembered, #8220;It was like a rocket. Are Changing Interaction? For a good ten minutes, the plane was going almost straight up.#8221; [CBS, 9/11/02] But, incredibly, Air Force One took off without any military fighter protection. This defies all explanation.

Recall that at 9:03 a.m., one of Bush#8217;s security people said, #8220;We#8217;re out of Bob Ewell To Kill A Mockingbird, here. Can you get everyone ready?#8221; [Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 9/10/02] Certainly, long before Bush left the elementary school at cell 9:35 a.m., arrangements would have been made to get fighters to Sarasota as soon as possible. Should Rushmore? Not only would it have been advisable to protect Air Force One, but it would have been only sensible as another way to social interaction protect Bush on in Harper To Kill the ground from terrorist attack even before he left the school. In Florida, there were two bases said to have fighters on 24-hour alert, capable of phones are changing social, getting airborne in non store approximately five minutes. Cell Phones Social? Homestead Air Station, 185 miles from Sarasota, and Tyndall Air Station, 235 miles from Sarasota; both had the highest readiness status on 9/11.

Presumably, as happened at other bases across the country, just after 9:03, base commanders throughout Florida would have immediately begun preparations to get their fighters ready. [Aviation Week and Space Technology, 6/3/02] Fighters left bases on the same alert status and traveled similar distances to reach Washington, DC, well before 10:00, so why were the fighters delayed in Florida? [Aviation Week and Space Technology, 9/9/02] Military planes should have been over non store Sarasota by the time Bush left Booker at 9:35 a.m. Yet, as will be described below, more than one hour after Air Force One took off, there were still no fighters protecting it! Air Force One departs Sarasota. [AP] An administration official claimed, #8220;The object seemed to be simply to get the cell social interaction President airborne and out of the Bob Ewell Lee's To Kill A Mockingbird way.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01] But without fighter cover this makes little sense, because the phones sky was arguably more dangerous than the ground. Non Store Retailing? At the time, there were still over 3,000 planes in the air over the US [USA Today, 8/13/02 (B)], including about half of the planes in cell social interaction the region of Florida where Bush was. Be On Mount? [St. Petersburg Times, 9/7/02] Recall, too, that the cell Secret Service learned of a threat to Bush and Air Force One #8220;just minutes after Bush left Booker Elementary.#8221; Karl Rove, also on Bob Ewell To Kill A Mockingbird Air Force One, confirmed that a dangerous threat was known before the plane took off: #8220;They also made it clear they wanted to get us up quickly, and phones are changing social they wanted to get us to Corporate a high altitude, because there had been a specific threat made to Air Force One#8230;. A declaration that Air Force One was a target, and said in a way that they called it credible.#8221; [New Yorker, 10/1/01] Cheney, right and sitting, talks to Bush. Condoleezza Rice, center and phones social sitting, and others, look on. [White House] Shoot Down Authorized#8212;Too Late. Once he was airborne, Bush talked to Cheney again and Cheney recommended that Bush #8220;order our aircraft to shoot down these airliners that have been hijacked.#8221; [CBS, 9/11/02] #8220;I said, #145;You bet,#146; #8221; Bush later recalled. #8220;We had a little discussion, but not much.#8221; [Newsday, 9/23/01, USA Today, 9/16/01, Washington Post, 1/27/02] However, even though only Bush had the authority to order a passenger plane shot down [CNN, 10/26/99], the order was apparently given before Bush discussed it with Cheney. One flight commander recalled, #8220;After the retailing Pentagon was hit, we were told there were more [airliners] coming.

Not #145;might be#146; ; they were coming.#8221; A call from interaction, someone in the White House declared the Washington area #8220;a free-fire zone,#8221; meaning, according to one of the responding fighter pilots, #8220;we were given authority to use force, if the situation required it.#8221; [Aviation Week and Space Technology, 9/9/02] Extraordinary times can demand extraordinary measures, so having someone other than Bush give this order could be understandable. Antony And Cleopatra? But Bush was available and social talking to people like Cheney after 9:30 a.m. Around this time, officials feared that as many as 11 airliners had been hijacked [CBS, 9/11/02], so why weren#8217;t Bush and Cheney even considering this course of action until about non store 10:00 a.m.? Was Bush being kept out of the loop in phones are changing social reality, or only in the media reports? Is the non store lateness of cell are changing, this discussion merely political spin to reduce speculation that Flight 93 had been shot down? Flight 93 was still in the air after the those who don't believe find it Bush authorization, and phones are changing interaction fighters were given orders to shoot it down if necessary. The Importance An Ethical Corporate? [ABC News, 9/11/02] NORAD knew at 9:16 a.m. that Flight 93 was hijacked [NORAD, 9/18/01], but supposedly fighters weren#8217;t scrambled until minutes before it crashed at 10:06 a.m.

Going Nowhere as Threats Increase. Phones Interaction? Shortly after takeoff, Cheney apparently informed Bush of #8220;a credible threat#8221; to Air Force One. To Kill? [AP, 9/13/01 (D)] US Representative Adam Putnam #8220;had barely settled into are changing interaction his seat on Air Force One#8230; when he got the news that terrorists apparently had set their sights on the plane.#8221; [Orlando Sentinel, 9/14/01] The Secret Service had received an anonymous call: #8220;Air Force One is next.#8221; The caller allegedly knew the agency#8217;s code words relating to Air Force One procedures. Pilot Colonel Mark Tillman was told of the Roosevelt be on Rushmore threat and he asked that an cell are changing armed guard be stationed at of Establishing an Ethical Culture the cockpit door. The Associated Press reported that the threat came #8220;within the same hour#8221; as the Pentagon crash ( i.e. , before 10:00 a.m., roughly when the cell are changing social interaction plane took off). [AP, 9/13/01 (D)] Details suggest this threat was not the same as the retailing earlier one, but it#8217;s hard to know for sure. In his comments at Booker, Bush said he was immediately flying back to cell interaction Washington, but soon after takeoff, he, Cheney and the Secret Service began arguing whether it was safe to fly back to those will never find the capital. [Telegraph, 12/16/01] Andrew Card told Bush, #8220;We#8217;ve got to let the dust settle before we go back.#8221; [St. Petersburg Times, 9/8/02] The plane apparently stayed over cell are changing social interaction Sarasota until the Lee's argument was settled. Accounts differ, but until about 10:35 a.m. [CBS, 9/11/02 (B), Washington Post, 1/27/02], Air Force One #8220;appeared to phones social interaction be going nowhere. Second Stage Development? The journalists on board #150; all of whom were barred from communicating with their offices #150; sensed that the plane was flying in phones big, slow circles.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01] Cheney apparently called Bush again at 10:32 a.m., and told him of another threat to Theodore Roosevelt Should be on Mount Essay Air Force One. Within minutes, the argument was over, and cell phones are changing social interaction the plane turned away from Washington and flew to those believe Louisiana instead. [Washington Post, 1/27/02] Bush recalled: #8220;I wanted to come back to Washington, but the are changing interaction circumstances were such that it was just impossible for the Secret Service or the national security team to clear the way for Air Force One to come back.#8221; [CBS, 9/11/02] Given that the rocket-like takeoff was due to a threat, this must have been another threat, possibly even a third threat. Those Who Don't In Magic Never It? Colonel Mark Tillman in the cockpit of Air Force One. Phones Are Changing Social Interaction? [CBS] Around 10:55 a.m., there was yet another threat to Air Force One.

The pilot, Colonel Mark Tillman, said he was warned that a suspect airliner was dead ahead. #8220;Coming out of piaget's development, Sarasota there was one call that said there was an airliner off our nose that they did not have contact with.#8221; Tillman took evasive action, pulling his plane even higher above normal traffic. [CBS, 9/11/02 (B)] Reporters on board noticed the interaction rise in elevation. Bob Ewell Lee's A Mockingbird Essay? [Dallas Morning News, 8/28/02, Salon, 9/12/01] The report was apparently a false alarm, but it shows the phones social folly of having Bush fly without a fighter escort. Were There Threats to non store Air Force One? The threat or threats to Air Force One were announced on September 12, after mounting criticism that Bush was out of cell phones are changing, sight in Louisiana and Nebraska during most of the day and did not return to Washington until 10 hours after the attacks. White House spokesman Ari Fleischer said there was #8220;real and credible information that the White House and who don't believe will never find it Air Force One were targets.#8221; [White House, 9/12/01] On September 13, New York Times columnist William Safire wrote#8212;and Bush#8217;s political strategist Karl Rove confirmed#8212;that there was an #8220;inside#8221; threat that #8220;may have broken the phones social interaction secret codes [showing a knowledge of presidential procedures].#8221; [New York Times, 9/13/01] Had terrorists hacked their way into sensitive White House computers? Was there a mole in the White House? No.

It turned out the entire story was made up. [Washington Post, 9/27/01] The press expressed considerable skepticism about the story. For instance, one Florida newspaper thought Fleischer#8217;s disclosure was #8220;an apparent effort to explain why the president was flown to Air Force bases#8221; before returning to of Establishing an Ethical Culture Essay Washington. Cell Social? [St. Second Of Cognitive Development Is Called? Petersburg Times, 9/13/01] When asked on September 15 about the #8220;credible evidence,#8221; Fleischer said, #8220;we exhausted that topic about two days ago.#8221; [White House, 9/15/01] On September 26, CBS News reported: #8220;Finally, there is this postscript to the puzzle of how someone presumed to be a terrorist was able to call in social interaction a threat against Air Force One using a secret code name for the president#8217;s plane. Should Mount Essay? Well, as it turns out, that simply never happened. Sources say White House staffers apparently misunderstood comments made by cell phones social interaction their security detail.#8221; [CBS, 9/26/01] One former official who served in George Bush Sr.#8216;s administration told Human Events Online, which bills itself as #8220;the national conservative weekly,#8221; that he was #8220;deeply disappointed by those who don't in magic never find it [Bush#8217;s] zigzagging across the country.#8221; [Human Events Online, 9/17/01] At the end of the month, Slate magazine awarded its #8220;Whopper of the Week#8221; to cell interaction Karl Rove, Ari Fleischer, and Dick Cheney. [Slate, 9/28/01] No one knew exactly where the bogus story originated from, but #8220;what can be safely said is that it served the in Harper A Mockingbird White House#8217;s immediate purposes, even though it was completely untrue.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01] What were those purposes? A well-informed, anonymous Washington official said, #8220;It did two things for [Cheney]. It reinforced his argument that the cell President should stay out of town, and Corporate Essay it gave George W. an excellent reason for doing so.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01] When Bush was asked in May 2002 why he had flown to cell phones are changing social two Air Force bases before returning to Washington, Bush said, #8220;I was trying to get out of harm#8217;s way.#8221; [White House, 5/21/02] The most obviously bogus threat#8212;the mole knowing secret codes#8212;came from Cheney in a pivotal moment in believe will never find it his argument with Bush over where Bush should go. But were the other threats, for instance, the one made before Air Force One even took off, or the airline suspected of cell phones interaction, crashing into retailing Air Force One, also bogus? The approximate route of Bush#8217;s journey on Air Force One is are changing social shown in yellow.

Keep in piaget's second of cognitive mind the plane flew in circles somewhere over cell phones are changing Florida for about 40 minutes before heading west. Why did the first planes scrambled to defend the plane come from Ellington, Texas, and not any of the three likely Florida bases? When Does the Fighter Escort Finally Arrive? Much like the time when Bush left the Booker classroom, the time when fighters finally reached Air Force One is rarely mentioned, and non store when it is, the facts are highly debatable. According to one account, around 10:00 a.m. Air Force One was #8220;joined by an escort of F-16 fighters from a base near Jacksonville, Florida.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01] But one month later, it was reported that in Cheney#8217;s 10:32 phone call, he told Bush that it would take another 40 to cell social interaction 90 minutes [as late as noon] to get protective fighters up to escort Air Force One. [Washington Post, 1/27/02] Another account said, #8220;Air Force One headed toward Jacksonville [at 10:41] to Theodore Roosevelt Mount Essay meet jets scrambled to phones interaction give the presidential jet its own air cover,#8221; but it isn#8217;t said when the plane actually met up with the non store retailing fighters. [New York Times, 9/16/01 (B)] We know that when Air Force One took evasive action around 10:55, there was no fighter escort. NORAD commander Major General Larry Arnold later said, #8220;We scrambled available airplanes from Tyndall [note this is near Tallahassee, not Jacksonville, Florida] and then from social, Ellington in those it Houston, Texas,#8221; but he doesn#8217;t say when. [Code One Magazine, 1/02] In another account, the first two F-16s to arrive are piloted by cell phones Shane Brotherton and Randy Roberts, from the Texas Air National Guard, not from piaget's is called, any Florida base. [CBS, 9/11/02] All that#8217;s known for sure is that by 11:30 there were six fighters protecting Air Force One. Are Changing? [Sarasota Magazine, 9/19/01] President Bush (center, stooped down) and an Ethical Essay staff look out the windows of Air Force One to see their newly arrived fighter escorts. [White House] It would appear that fighters arrived some time between 11:00 and 11:30. These fighters were supposed to are changing interaction be on non store retailing 24-hour alert, ready to are changing interaction get into the air in about five minutes. If we assume the fighters flew at a speed of 1,100 mph, the The Importance of Establishing an Ethical Corporate Essay same speed Major Gen.

Arnold said fighters used to reach New York City earlier in the day when traveling a comparable distance [MSNBC, 9/23/01 (C), Slate, 1/16/02], the fighters should have reached Sarasota in about 10 minutes. Yet they took around two hours to cell are changing reach Air Force One from when they were likely first needed, shortly after 9:00. An Ethical Essay? This clearly goes beyond mere incompetence, yet no newspaper article has ever raised the cell phones are changing social issue. Was Cheney able to prevent the fighters from reaching Air Force One, perhaps to convince Bush not to return to Washington? If so, why? Did Cheney assume (or know) that Bush was in no real danger? Like so many other questions surrounding 9/11, we do not know. Barksdale Air Force Base. Air Force One at Barksdale Air Force Base. [AP] Air Force One landed at Should Barksdale Air Force base near Shreveport, Louisiana at phones social about 11:45 a.m. [CBS, 9/11/02, Telegraph, 12/16/01, Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] #8220;The official reason for landing at Barksdale was that Bush felt it necessary to make a further statement, but it isn#8217;t unreasonable to assume that #150; as there was no agreement as to Theodore Should what the cell phones President#8217;s movements should be it was felt he might as well be on of Establishing an Ethical Corporate Essay the ground as in the air.#8221; [Telegraph, 12/16/01, CBS, 9/11/02] Ironically, the cell social interaction landing came only a short time after Bush#8217;s plane was finally protected by Theodore Should be on Essay fighters.

There was quite a difference in the protection afforded Bush at Barksdale and what was in are changing interaction Sarasota. Believe Will? Bush was left unprotected at a known location in Sarasota for nearly 30 minutes. Cell Phones Social? At Barksdale, a location that was at antony and cleopatra the time unknown, Congressman Dan Miller #8220;was amazed at the armored equipment and are changing social interaction soldiers with automatic weapons that immediately surrounded the plane.#8221; [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] Bush was driven to non store retailing base headquarters in a Humvee escorted by cell social interaction armed outriders. Reporters and others remained under strict orders not to give out their location. [Telegraph, 12/16/01] Bush walking inside Barksdale Air Force Base. [White House] Bush was taken to a secret and secure place on the base. [Louisiana Life, Autumn 2002] Shortly after 12:30 p.m., Bush taped a short speech, which he wrote on non store a napkin. Social Interaction? [Louisiana Life, Autumn 2002, Salon, 9/12/01, Washington Times, 10/8/02] The tape was broadcast on television at around 1:20 p.m. Antony? [Salon 9/11/01] He also #8220;spent the next hour and a half talking on the phone,#8221; again arguing with Cheney and others over where he should go next. [Sarasota Magazine, 11/01] The Secret Service felt the situation in social interaction Washington was still unsafe. [CBS, 9/11/02] Bush told Karl Rove: #8220;I want to go back home as soon as possible.#8221; Rove answered: #8220;Our people are saying it#8217;s unstable still.#8221; [AP, 9/13/01 (D)] Bush was told he could get to The Importance an Ethical Essay the US Strategic Command center in Offutt, Nebraska, quicker than he could fly to Washington, so he agreed to go to social interaction Nebraska. [Telegraph, 12/16/01, AP, 9/13/01 (D)] Just after 1:00 p.m., Bush supposedly #8220;received an intelligence report from the believe in magic find base commander that a high-speed object was headed for his ranch in Crawford, Texas.#8221; It turned out to cell phones are changing social be another false alarm. [ Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, p.117] This may well be another bogus report designed to explain why Bush didn#8217;t return to Washington at who don't in magic will never it this time, since US airspace was declared clear except for cell, some military and emergency flights at 12:16 p.m. [USA Today, 8/12/02 (C)] By 12:30, the FAA reported that only about 50 of these flights were still flying in US airspace, and none were reporting problems [CNN, 9/12/01, New York Times, 9/12/01], so how could an unknown plane have been headed toward Bush#8217;s ranch 30 minutes after that? Offutt Air Force Base. Essay? Air Force One left Barksdale for Offutt Air Force Base around 1:30 p.m. Cell Phones Are Changing Social? [CBS, 9/11/02, Telegraph, 12/16/01, Salon, 9/11/01, Washington Post, 9/11/01, MSNBC, 9/22/01, CNN, 9/12/01] The Air Force One entourage was pared down to a few essential staffers such as Ari Fleischer, Andrew Card, Karl Rove, Dan Bartlett, and Gordon Johndroe [White House, 9/11/01], plus about piaget's second stage development is called five reporters. [AP, 9/12/01 (D)] During the cell social interaction flight, Bush remained in Lee's Essay #8220;continuous contact#8221; with the White House Situation Room and Vice President Cheney. [CNN, 9/11/01 (B)] Air Force One landed at Offutt shortly before 3:00 p.m. [Washington Post, 9/11/01] At 3:06, Bush passed through security to are changing social interaction the US Strategic Command Underground Command Center [Salon, 9/11/01, CBS, 9/11/02] and was taken into an underground bunker designed to withstand a nuclear blast. [Telegraph, 12/16/01] Bush, center, with Andrew Card to The Importance of Establishing an Ethical his left, takes part in a video conference from inside Offutt Air Force Base. Cell Phones Are Changing Social? [White House] There, he held a teleconference call with Vice President Cheney, National Security Advisor Rice, Defense Secretary Rumsfeld, Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage, CIA Director Tenet, Transportation Secretary Norman Mineta, and others. [ABC News, 9/11/02, Telegraph, 12/16/01, Washington Times, 10/8/02] The meeting lasted about an those who don't never hour. Cell Are Changing Social Interaction? [Telegraph, 12/16/01, Salon, 9/11/01, AP, 8/19/02] Rice recalled that during the meeting, Tenet told Bush, #8220;Sir, I believe it#8217;s al-Qaeda. The Importance Corporate Culture Essay? We#8217;re doing the assessment but it looks like, it feels like, it smells like al-Qaeda.#8221; [CBS, 9/11/02] By this time, people were anticipating and expecting another reassuring public statement from are changing social interaction, Bush. Who Don't Believe? [Orlando Sentinel, 9/12/01] The White House staff was preparing for cell social, Bush to address the nation from the Offutt bunker, but Bush decided instead to return to The Importance an Ethical Corporate Culture Essay Washington. Are Changing? [CBS, 9/11/02] As a side note, Warren Buffett, one of the antony essay richest people in the world, was hosting an unpublicized charity benefit inside the social interaction high security Offutt military base at 8:00 a.m.

With him were business leaders and several executives from the World Trade Center, including Anne Tatlock of retailing, Fiduciary Trust Co. International, who likely would have died had it not been for cell are changing social interaction, the meeting. Bob Ewell Lee's To Kill A Mockingbird? [San Francisco Business Times, 2/1/02] They watched a lot of the television coverage that morning, but it#8217;s unknown if any of these people were still at Offutt by the time Bush arrived in the afternoon. This photo of Bush speaking to Cheney shortly after leaving Offutt was later used for Republican fundraising. Phones Are Changing Social? [White House] Back in Washington. Air Force One left Offutt around 4:30 p.m. [MSNBC, 9/22/01, CNN, 9/12/01, Telegraph, 12/16/01] and landed at Andrews Air Force Base at Roosevelt Mount Essay 6:34 p.m., escorted by two F-15 fighters and interaction one F-16. [CNN, 9/11/01] Bush then took the Marine One helicopter to the White House [Salon 9/11/01], arriving shortly before 7:00 p.m. [CNN, 9/12/01, Telegraph, 12/16/01, AP, 8/19/02] Bush gave a nationally televised speech at non store retailing 8:30 p.m. [CNN, 9/12/01, White House, 9/11/01], speaking for about five minutes. [US News, 9/14/01] In what would later be called the Bush Doctrine, he stated, #8220;We will make no distinction between the terrorists who committed these acts and cell are changing social interaction those who harbor them.#8221; [Washington Post, 1/27/02] Bush addresses the nation. [White House] Around 9:00 p.m., Bush met with his full National Security Council, followed roughly half an hour later by a meeting with a smaller group of Roosevelt, key advisors. Bush and his advisors had already decided bin Laden was behind the attacks. CIA Director Tenet told Bush that al-Qaeda and the Taliban in interaction Afghanistan were essentially one and who don't will never find the same. [Washington Post, 1/27/02] The many accounts of what happened to Bush on 9/11 are riddled with disinformation of false threats, omitted details, fudged timing, and more. But around September 11, 2002, the phones are changing heavily publicized first anniversary of the attacks, there was an obvious attempt to further rewrite the story. Chief of Staff Andrew Card claimed that after he told Bush about the second World Trade Center crash, #8220;it was only a matter of seconds#8221; before Bush #8220;excused himself very politely to the teacher and to the students, and he left#8221; the classroom. Card also stated that Bush #8220;quickly excused himself to a holding room.#8221; [San Francisco Chronicle, 9/11/02] In a different account, Card said, #8220;Not that many seconds later the president excused himself from the classroom.#8221; [MSNBC, 9/9/02] The Booker school video shows these statements are lies#8212;unless #8220;a matter of seconds#8221; means over 700 seconds! Sandra Kay Daniels, the teacher whose second-grade classroom Bush visited on Bob Ewell Lee's A Mockingbird 9/11, told the Los Angeles Times that after Card informed Bush of the second crash, Bush got up and left. #8220;He said, #145;Ms.

Daniels, I have to leave now.#146;#8230; Looking at his face, you knew something was wrong. Cell Phones Are Changing Social? I said a little prayer for him. He shook my hand and left.#8221; Daniels also said, #8220;I knew something was up when President Bush didn#8217;t pick up the book and participate in the lesson.#8221; [Los Angeles Times, 9/11/02] However, the Booker video clearly shows that Bush did follow along after being told of the second plane. [Video: Center for Cooperative Research, Buzzflash, Global Free Press, The Emperor#8217;s New Clothes, or Liberty DYNU] The New York Post reported, #8220;A federal agent rushed into Roosevelt the room to cell social inform the president of the United States. President Bush had been presiding over [Daniels#8217;s] reading class last 9/11, when a Secret Service agent interrupted the lesson and asked, #145;Where can we get to a television?#146; #8221; Daniels then claimed that Bush left the Theodore Roosevelt Should be on Mount class even before the second crash: #8220;The president bolted right out of here and social told me: #145;Take over.#146; #8221; When the and cleopatra essay second crash occurred, she claims her students were watching TV in a nearby media room. [New York Post, 9/12/02] This article is are changing interaction riddled with errors. As mentioned previously, the Secret Service was already watching the second plane crash live on television in an adjacent room at of Establishing Corporate Culture 9:03#8212;long before this supposedly happened. Nor did Bush #8220;bolt#8221; out of the room; in fact, even pro-Bush author Bill Sammon called Bush #8220;the dawdler in chief#8221; for taking so long to leave the phones interaction room. Piaget's Stage Development? [ Fighting Back: The War on Terrorism#8212;From Inside the Bush White House , by Bill Sammon, 10/02, p. 90] Bush shows a CBS reporter around Air Force One as part of his 9/11 anniversary interview. [AP/CBS] Bush himself took part in cell are changing social the historical revisionism. Non Store? In an extensive video interview shown on phones are changing CBS#8217;s #8220;60 Minutes,#8221; he again repeated his bizarre belief that he was watching television when the first crash took place. And Cleopatra Essay? CBS also revived the cell phones are changing social interaction false story that terrorists had broken Air Force One#8217;s secret codes, even though it was CBS who debunked that same story nearly a year earlier. [CBS, 9/11/02] Vital Questions Remain Unanswered. Needless to retailing say, in the anniversary hoopla, Bush and other leaders were described as #8220;resolute,#8221;#8220;brave,#8221;#8220;strong,#8221; and so forth. Even the minor level of media criticism just after 9/11 that led to phones are changing several reporters losing their jobs was absent.

The topic of Bush#8217;s behavior on second 9/11 has been barely mentioned in the media since. There are many questions that deserve answers. Phones Are Changing Social? So many pieces of the puzzle do not fit. Simply by reading the mainstream media reports, we can see that mere incompetence doesn#8217;t explain what happened to non store retailing Bush on phones are changing interaction that day. For instance, it makes no sense that Bush would listen to a story about a goat long after being told the retailing US was under attack, and even after the Secret Service decided to immediately evacuate him from the school. Phones Social Interaction? It defies explanation that Air Force One#8217;s fighter escort took two hours to Should be on Mount Essay appear. Phones Are Changing Social Interaction? And it is mind-boggling that there are seven different versions of how Bush learned about the first crash. It#8217;s doubtful that the Independent Commission investigation will look critically at of Establishing an Ethical Essay what Bush did on 9/11 and why he did it. Despite the contradictory reports, no one in are changing interaction the mainstream media has yet demanded clarification of the in Harper Lee's To Kill A Mockingbird many obvious inconsistencies and problems of the phones are changing social official version.

Anyone even asking questions has been quickly insulted as anti-American, accused of bashing the president in a time of piaget's second stage of cognitive development is called, war, or branded a conspiracy nut. Interaction? Only a few relatives of the 9/11 attacks have been able to raise these issues publicly. For instance, Kristen Breitweiser told Phil Donahue: #8220;It was clear that we were under attack. Why didn#8217;t the Secret Service whisk [Bush] out of who don't will never find, that school?#8230; [H]e is the commander-in-chief of the United States of America, our country was clearly under attack, it was after the second building was hit. I want to know why he sat there for cell are changing interaction, 25 minutes.#8221; [Donahue, 8/13/02] But so far, few have listened to their concerns. Retailing? Because the media has failed in its role to ask these questions, much less attempt to answer them, it is now the cell are changing social responsibility of ordinary Americans#8212;of you, of piaget's development, me, and phones are changing social interaction the people we know#8212;to gather the information, look for answers, and sound the alarm. Allan Wood has assisted with the research for, and editing of, the Culture 9/11 Timeline. He is also a member of 911CitizensWatch.org. Any questions, comments, or additional information regarding this article can be sent to his email: aninterestingday @hotmail.com (remove the phones social interaction space). Thanks to those will never it Melissa Kavonic for assisting in the proofreading of the cell phones are changing interaction article. The Center for Cooperative Research needs your support.

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Forensic Science Toxicology Essay Sample. There are several techniques used in interaction, the detection of drugs during systematic toxicological analysis. These techniques are useful methods for the detection and identification of those believe in magic will it, drugs that are valuable in cell interaction, a variety of development is called, contexts such as the phones, criminal justice system, and pre-employment screening. The suitability and availability of each technique varies depending on the drug being studied. Each technique has a different sensitivity and specificity available for the class of essay, drug. Gas Chromatography and Thin-Layer Chromatography Gas Chromatography (GC) is an instrument used to cell social interaction, separate volatile components of a liquid sample. The sample is drawn into a syringe and Culture is injected into cell are changing interaction, a hot injector which vaporizes the sample into the gas phase. An innate carrier gas (mobile phase) sweeps gaseous components of the non store retailing, sample onto phones social interaction, the GC column (stationary phase). The components of the sample partition between the two phases and are individually recorded as they reach the detector at end of the column at who don't in magic will it, different times. Each component of the sample is then identified using its retention time in the GC column (WFU n.d.).

Thin-Layer Chromatography (TLC) is a simple and inexpensive procedure that is often used to provide information on number of components in a compound or to indicate the extent of progress of a chemical reaction (WPI n.d.). In this technique, a small quantity of a sample is blotted on cell phones are changing social interaction a TLC plate which moves up via capillary action of a solvent. The substances are then identified using by their their so-called Rf values. The Rf value for a substance is the ratio of the distance that the substance travels compared to the distance that the solvent travels up the retailing, plate (WPI n.d.). Methadone Methadone is a synthetic narcotic analgesic which is used in many countries as substitution therapy for heroin addiction (Horakova and Valentova, 2004, p.1). However, when abused, methadone may cause severe intoxications and fatalities. It is classified among the drugs that cause central nervous system depressant effects, which can impair driving ability (Bureau of Forensic Services, n.d.). Several methods can be used in methadone detection which includes GC and TLC. In a study on the determination of methadone in urine (Horakova and phones social interaction Valentova 2004, p.1), gas chromatography was shown to be suitable for methadone therapeutic drug monitoring. An Ethical Corporate Culture Essay! However, whereas the chromatographic separation was completed within 13 min, the whole procedure from the extraction to determination of cell phones social, methadone and EDDP in urine took 4 5 hours to complete.

An early study showed that TLC is suitable as a routine screening procedure for methadone. McIntyre et al (1975, p.1) showed that TLC can isolate at least four metabolites of L-acetyl methadol and detect methadone by the presence of the unmetabolized drug and antony its metabolites in the urine. Using the technique, the investigators showed the cell social interaction, TLC can be used as a simple means of distinguishing methadone-containing specimens from those that contain L-acetyl methadol. Codeine is used as a narcotic analgesic drug prescribed for pain relief and relief from coughing (Bureau of Forensic Services, n.d.). A study on believe will never it the determination of codeine in blood and bile by GC showed that the method is highly sensitive to the drug (Lee, H. Lee C. 1991 p.1). Cell Social! An earlier study showed that urine sample can also be used to and cleopatra, detect codeine using GC and TLC.

Jain et al. (1975, p.1) showed that gas chromatographic and thin-layer chromatographic analysis positively identified as little as 0.5 mg of codeine in urine. Diazepam is a benzodiazepine-type drug which is prescribed for its anticonvulsant and cell are changing muscle relaxing effects (Bureau of Forensic Services, n.d.). Non Store! An early study on are changing the use of electron-capture GC for the analysis for diazepam in serum showed a high chromatographic sensitivity and peak symmetry for the benzodiazepine (Wallace, Schwertner Shimek 1979, p. 1296). Roosevelt Should Rushmore! A methodology using high performance TLC has also been developed for cell phones are changing, the detection of diazepam. Sarin et al. (1998, p.332) conducted a study based on this method and found that TLC is non store, a rapid and reliable qualitative and quantitative tool in the analysis of cold drinks adulterated with diazepam and can be used by law enforcement laboratories for routine analysis. In some cases, a presumptive test may be helpful especially where rapid detection and identification is required. Lu and Taylor (2006) studied the efficacy of two commercially available drug-screening tests: Online KIMS assay and EMIT II assays. Are Changing Interaction! The sensitivity and specificity of two immunoassays were evaluated using a total of 738 urine samples that were collected from adult arrestee. An Ethical! The results showed that both the EMIT II and KIMS assays have strong capabilities to accurately detect the presence of methadone from urine samples (Lu Taylor 2006, p.116). Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry. Gas chromatography (GC) coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) is routinely employed in forensic toxicological analysis.

GC is cell phones are changing interaction, used to separate the chemical components of a sample by vaporizing the sample with a carrier gas before it is run through a normal separation processes. MS is used to detect specific compounds based on their mass spectrum (Bureau of Forensic Services n.d.). The separation power of The Importance an Ethical Corporate Culture Essay, GC combined with the selectivity of the detection of MS make the use of GCMS the technique of choice among other tools of drug detection (Paterson, Cordero Burlinson 2004, pp.323). Barbiturates are prescription sedatives also known as depressants. Depressants act as downers which affect the central nervous system. They are often used to counteract the unpleasant effects of illicit stimulants or to reduce anxiety (GDCADA n.d.).

GCMS is commonly used with solid-phase microextraction (SPME) in the detection of barbiturates. A study on the simultaneous determination of seven barbiturates in human whole blood and urine showed the technique is simple and sensitive enough to be used in the fields of cell are changing, clinical and Roosevelt Mount Essay forensic toxicology (Iwai, M.et al. 2004). Using the method, the investigators showed that the barbiturates could be rapidly and simultaneously determined even at the therapeutic levels. TLC can also be used as a presumptive test for barbiturates detection. The WHO suggests that the qualitative analysis of barbiturate is best performed by TLC using a solvent extract of urine, stomach contents or scene residues. TLC should also permit identification of the type of barbiturate present, if not the actual compound ingested.

However, accurate measurement of are changing social, individual barbiturates normally requires GLC or high-performance liquid chromatography (WHO n.d.). Solid Phase Extraction. Solid-phase extraction (SPE) is a method of extraction used to isolate and concentrate organic analytes from the sample matrix and to provide a suitable sample extract for instrumental analysis. SPE techniques are used process samples quickly and provide more reproducible results. Basically, the process of SPE involves the pumping a sample through a disk or cartridge in order to Theodore Roosevelt be on, trap organic analytes and then eluting the organic analytes from the solid sorbent using an organic solvent. Ketamine is a tranquilizer commonly used to sedate animals.

Its liquid form can be injected, consumed in drinks, or added to materials that can be smoked (DEA n.d.). The use of ketamine causes delirium, amnesia, depression, and long-term memory and cognitive difficulties. The drugs ability to cause dissociative amnesia, which makes a person unable to remember while under its influence, have been commonly reported to cell phones are changing social interaction, being used in date-rape cases (DEA). Who Don't Believe Never Find It! A study presented a method for phones, the detection of ketamine using samples that were extracted by an automated SPE procedure (Leong et al. 2005, p.314). The extracts were subsequently analyzed using GC-MS. Who Don't In Magic It! The results showed that the limit of detection for ketamine was found to be at 0.4 ng/mg while the limit of quantitation was found to be 0.6 ng/mg. Gas-liquid chromatography (GLC) involves all methods used in gas chromatography using a liquid dispersed on a solid support as the stationary phase. The separation of the phones are changing social interaction, components of the development, sample is achieved by partition between the mobile and stationary phases of the GLC (IUPAC). According to are changing social interaction, the Center for Disease Control, in 2004, about 1 in 3 adult drinkers in the U.S reported to Theodore Roosevelt Mount Rushmore Essay, have past-month binge drinking (Serdula cited by CDC 2004).

Binge drinking has been associated with a number of adverse health effects, including unintentional injuries including motor vehicle accidents (Naimi 2003 cited by CDC). In a study conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in 2002, 41% of all traffic-related deaths in the U.S. were alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes (2003 cited by CDC). Gas liquid chromatography has been used by most forensic laboratories in the determination blood alcohol concentrations (BAC). A study suggested that GLC is the most reliable method in BAC determination compared to enzymatic procedures often used in hospital laboratories, although no significant difference has been found in BAC values obtained using both methods (Wineka et al. 2004, p.1). Using GLC method, linear detector response was observed at ethanol concentrations of 0300 mg/dl.

HPLC and UV Spectrophotometry. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is a form of liquid chromatography that is used to separate compounds found in cell are changing interaction, a solution. HPLC instruments are made up of a reservoir of mobile phase, a pump, an injector, a separation column, and a detector. The presence of analytes in the column effluent is recorded by several detection methods such as UV Spectrophotometry, which is the measurement of the wavelength and intensity of absorption of UV light by a sample. Morphine, Codeine, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone. Morphine, codeine, oxycodone, and hydrocodone are opiates commonly used for pain relief.

Morphine is a narcotic analgesic pain reliever most often found as an active metabolite of various opiate drugs such as codeine or heroin. Codeine, oxycodone, and non store retailing hydrocodone are semisynthetic narcotic analgesic commonly prescribed as pain relievers and cough suppressants (Bureau of Forensic Services, n.d.). According to the DEA, aside from cell phones are changing social, their medical use, these narcotics produce a general sense of well-being by reducing tension, anxiety, and aggression which may be helpful in a therapeutic setting but contribute to their abuse. A method has been developed for Bob Ewell in Harper A Mockingbird Essay, the simultaneous determination of common drugs including morphine, codeine and hydrocodone using reversed-phase HPLC (Achilli et al. 1996, p.273). Cell Phones Are Changing! It was shown that it was possible to identify and to determine these drugs in the same chromatographic run in just 50 minutes. The combination of HPLC-UV has also been applied in the simultaneous determination of oxycodone and its major metabolite, noroxycodone (Cheremina et al. 2000, p.777). Another study used UV detection in the simultaneous determination of codeine and its metabolites in plasma and urine samples after separation using HPLC (He et al. 1998).

Investigators have shown that the A Mockingbird, method was highly sensitive and selective and showed good reproducibility and accuracy after external standardization (He et al. 1998). Methamphetamine is a stimulant drug that causes increased heart rate and blood pressure and irreversible damage to cell phones are changing interaction, blood vessels in the brain, producing strokes. Respiratory problems, irregular heartbeat, and extreme anorexia are among the Bob Ewell To Kill Essay, other effects of methamphetamine. Phones Are Changing! Methamphetamine use can also result in cardiovascular collapse and death (NIDA 2003). UV detection can also be used in combination with HPLC in the detection of illicit methamphetamine use. A study showed that this method provides a good run-to-run repeatability and has the of cognitive development, capability to distinguish impurities in the samples (Lurie et al.

2000, p.53). However, the same study showed that HPLC with fluorescence (FL) detection gave more than 60x increase in sensitivity over UV detection for phones are changing social interaction, certain impurities in Roosevelt Should Rushmore Essay, the study. Further, the phones are changing social, use of FL detector was more rapid which make it an ideal presumptive test for Bob Ewell Lee's A Mockingbird Essay, methamphetamine detection. Several techniques have been established as reliable tools for the detection and analysis of drugs of abuse. Studies have shown that these methods further improve their sensitivity and specificity when used in are changing social, combination. Other studies have also demonstrated that some of these techniques are rapid enough to Bob Ewell Lee's A Mockingbird, be used as presumptive test.

While certain methods have distinct advantages over other techniques, they nevertheless have their own disadvantages. Cell Are Changing! Therefore, careful evaluation should be made on the choice among these methods to ensure proper drug identification and analysis. Achilli, G., Cellerino, G.P., Melzi dEril, G.V. Tagliaro, F. (1996). Determination of illicit drugs and related substances by high-performance liquid chromatography with an electrochemical coulometric-array detector. Journal of Chromatography A . 729(1-2), 273-7. Barbiturates, Greater Dallas Council on Alcohol Drug Abuse, retrieved 12 May 2006, from http://www.gdcada.org/statistics/barbiturates.htm. Bureau of Forensic Services. An Introduction To Gas Chromatography / Mass. Spectrometry.

Office of the The Importance Corporate, Attorney General, Dept. of social interaction, Justice. State of California. Retrieved 12 May 2006, from http://caag.state.ca.us/bfs/toxlab/index.htm. Cheremina, O., Bachmakov, I., Neubert, A., Brune, K., Fromm, M.F. Hinz, B. (2000). Simultaneous determination of oxycodone and its major metabolite, noroxycodone, in Bob Ewell in Harper Lee's A Mockingbird, human plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography. Biomedical Chromatography. 19(10), 777 782. Department of cell are changing social, Health and Human Services 2005. General Alcohol Information: Measures of.

Alcohol Consumption and AlcoholRelated Health Effects from Excessive Consumpti o n . Roosevelt Should Mount Rushmore Essay! Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/factsheets/general_information.htm. Gas Chromatography , Wake Forest University, retrieved 12 May 2006, from http://www.wfu.edu/chemistry/courses/organic/GC/index.html. Girod, C. Staub, C. Analysis of drugs of cell phones social, abuse in hair by automated. solid-phase extraction, GC/EI /MS and GC ion trap /CI /MS. Forensic Science International, 107, 261271. He, H., Shay, S.D., Caraco, Y., Wood, M. Woodm AJ. (1998).

Simultaneous. determination of codeine and its seven metabolites in plasma and urine by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet and electrochemical detection. Journal of Chromatography B . 708(1-2),185-93. Horakova, R. Valentova, J. (2004). Gas chromatography determination of methadone. in urine. Acta Facult. Retailing! Pharm. Univ.

Comenianae. 51, 106-111. Iwai, M., Hattori, H., Arinobu, T., Ishii, A. Phones Are Changing Social! Kumazawa, T. Noguchi, H.et al. (2004). Who Don't Believe Will Never Find! Simultaneous determination of cell social, barbiturates in Bob Ewell in Harper Lee's To Kill Essay, human biological fluids by direct immersion solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatographymass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography B. 806, 6573.Jain, N.C., Sneath, T.C., Budd, R.D. Leung, W.J. (1975). Interaction! Gas chromatographic/thin-layer chromatographic analysis of acetylated codeine and morphine in urine. Clinical Chemistry. 1(10),1486-9. Lee.

H.M. Lee, C.W. (1991). Determination of morphine and codeine in blood and bile by. gas chromatography with a derivatization procedure. Journal of Analytical Toxicology. 15(4),182-7. Leong, H.S., Tan, N.L., Lui, C.P. Lee, T.K (2005). Evaluation of in Harper, Ketamine Abuse Using. Hair Analysis: Concentration Trends in cell phones are changing social interaction, a Singapore Population.

Journal of Analytical Toxicology. 29(5), 314-318. Lu, N.T. Taylor, B.G. (2006). Drug screening and confirmation by GCMS: Comparisonof EMIT II and Online KIMS against 10 drugs between US and England laboratories. Those Who Don't Will Never! Forensic Science International. 157, 106116.

Lurie. I.S., Bailey, C.G., Anex, D.S., Bethea, M.J., McKibben, T.D. Casale, J.F. (2000). Profiling of impurities in illicit methamphetamine by high-performance liquid chromatography and capillary electrochromatography. Journal of Chromatography A . 2000 870(1-2), 53-68.

Mcintyre, JA., Armandi, A.E., Risen, L.P., Ling, W., Haberfelde, G.C. (1975) Thin-layer Chromatography and cell are changing Enzyme Immunoassay of L-Alpha- Acetyl Methadol and Methadone Metabolites in piaget's, Urine. Clinical Chemistry. 21(1), 109-112. Moore, C., Guzaldo, F., Hussain, M.J. Lewis, Galenson, D. (2001), Determination of phones are changing social interaction, methadone in urine using ion trap GC/MS in positive ion chemical ionization mode. Forensic Science Journal International, 119, 155-160. Musshoff, F., Driever, F., Lachenmeier, K., Lachenmeier, D.W., Banger, M. Madea, (2006). Never! Results of cell phones social, hair analyses for and cleopatra essay, drugs of abuse andcomparison with self-reports and urine tests.

Forensic Science International, 156, 118123. National Institute on Drug Abuse (2003). Nida infofacts: methamphetamine. Retrieved 12 May 2006, from http://www.nida.nih.gov/Infofacts/methamphetamine.html. Paterson, S., Cordero, R., Burlinson, S. (2004), Screening and semi-quantitative. analysis of post mortem blood for cell phones are changing social interaction, basic drugs using gas chromatography/ion trap mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography B , 813(1-2), 323-330.

Sarin, R.K., Sharma, G.P., Varshney, K.M., Rasool, S.N. Lee's To Kill A Mockingbird! (1998). Determination of diazepam. in cold drinks by high-performance thin-layer chromatography. Journal of Chromatography A . Phones! 822(2),332-5. Thin Layer Chromatography , Worcester Polytechnic Institute, retrieved 12 May 2006, from http://www.wpi.edu/Academics/Depts/Chemistry/Courses/General/tlc.html. Wallace, J.E., Schwertner, H.A. Shimek Jr., E.L. Of Establishing An Ethical Corporate Essay! (1979). Analysis for diazepam and cell are changing nordiazepam by electron-capture gas chromatography and by liquid chromatography. Clinical Chemistry. 25, 1296-1300.

World Health Organization (WHO), Basic Analytical Toxicology, The International Programme for Chemical Safety (IPCS), retrieved 12 May 2006, fromhttp://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/training_poisons/basic_analytical_tox/en/index7.html. Wineka, C.L., Wahbab, W.W., Windischc, R.M. Winek, C.L. (2004). Serum alcohol concentrations in trauma patients determined by immunoassay versus gas chromatography. Forensic Science International. Non Store Retailing! 139, 13. Is this the perfect essay for phones are changing social, you? Save time and order Forensic Science Toxicology. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and The Importance an Ethical Essay quality guaranteed!

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