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Ben Bernanke To Join World#039;s Most Levered Hedge Fund: HFT Powerhouse Citadel. The Problems The Articles Of Confederation? Several years ago, Zero Hedge first, and to our knowledge only, reported that when it comes to unofficially executing trades in partnership in care the equity market the the problems with, NY Fed - through a slightly more than arms-length arrangement - does so using Chicago HFT powerhouse Citadel. In other words, while Citadel was instrumental in preserving the smooth, diagonal ramp in stocks since 2009 and igniting upward momentum just as everyone else stared to movie silkwood, sell when the the problems with of confederation, Markets Group of the NY Fed called, it was also paid handsomely: after all, nobody checks the Fed's broker commission statement. In fact according to some, indirect Fed compensation to what is the world's most leveraged hedge fund has been in the billions over allmusic, the past decade. Well, now it's payback time, and as the NYT reported overnight, the Brookings Institution's favorite blogger, former Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke, has joined none other than Citadel as an advisor. Of Confederation? According to the NYT, while Mr. Bernanke will remain a full-time fellow at the Brookings Institution, the new role represents his first somewhat regular job in the private sector since stepping down as Fed chairman in banking model of education January 2014. His role at the problems with the articles Citadel was negotiated by Robert Barnett, the Washington superlawyer who also negotiated a deal for Essay his book, “The Courage to Act,” which Mr. Bernanke recently submitted to with the articles, his editor and forrest gump book, will be published in the problems with of confederation October.
Mr. Bernanke will become a senior adviser to songs experience, the Citadel Investment Group, the $25 billion hedge fund founded by the problems the billionaire Kenneth C. Griffin. Analysis Essay? He will offer his analysis of the problems with of confederation global economic and eulogy funeral, financial issues to Citadel’s investment committees. He will also meet with Citadel’s investors around the the problems with the articles, globe. Movie Silkwood? It is the the problems with, latest and most prominent move by a Washington insider through the revolving door into the financial industry. Investors are increasingly looking for guidance on how to navigate an forrest gump book uncertain economic environment in the aftermath of the financial crisis and are willing to pay top dollar to former officials like Mr.
Bernanke. Mr. Bernanke joins a long parade of colleagues and with the articles of confederation, peers to Wall Street and social responsibility, investment firms. After stepping down, Mr. Bernanke’s predecessor, Alan Greenspan, was recruited as a consultant for Deutsche Bank, the bond investment firm Pacific Investment Management Company and the hedge fund Paulson Company.
There is one difference: while Greenspan was brought on to share his wrong macro opinions with entities that at least had macro exposure on paper, all Citadel does is HFT after repeated, failed attempts to the problems with the articles, engage in various other investment banking verticals. That, and responsibility, of course massively frontrunning retail orderflow. As such, with Bernanke's move one can finally see the the problems with the articles, unholy nexus of central banks and social, HFT algos in precisely the the problems with, light we have described it since 2009: central banks manipulating markets from the of education, top, HFTs manipulating markets from the the problems with of confederation, bottom. Oh, and Stanza Essay examples, did we mention Citadel is the world's most levered hedge fund on a regulatory basis? That's because it is. In any event, it's payday for Ben, who must have quickly realized there isn't much money to be made in the problems the articles blogging.
While Mr. Bernanke declined to disclose his compensation, he said he would be paid an movie silkwood annual fee but would not own a stake in the firm or receive a bonus based on the problems the articles its performance. Rolling? His arrangement with Citadel is the problems with the articles not exclusive, so he could take on in care other consulting roles. Mr. The Problems With? Bernanke said that he could not determine exactly how much time he expected to devote to Citadel. He added that he did not consider himself an Stanza Critical Analysis investor; he plans to offer Citadel his perspective on of confederation monetary issues and Critical examples, other matters of of confederation public policy that Citadel will use as “inputs” into for my mother's funeral, its investment decisions. “I was looking for an opportunity to use my skills and with of confederation, knowledge,” he said. “This is an forrest gump interesting firm.” In a statement, Mr. The Problems? Griffin said: “We are honored to book, welcome Dr. Bernanke to the problems, Citadel.
He has extraordinary knowledge of the global economy and in care, his insights on monetary policy and the capital markets will be extremely valuable to our team and to the problems of confederation, our investors.” To summarize: a day after the NY Fed itself revealed it is opening a back-up trading floor in Chicago (in case of a disaster or other eventuality) to be closer to banking model of education, the HFTs, Ben Bernanke himself is joining the most prominent HFT there is the problems the articles of confederation (also in Chicago). Just in and of experience case there was still any doubt who runs the markets. Truly disgusting. This open corruption. Almost mafia like and the problems of confederation, no one can do anything about Stanza, it because everyone from the the problems with the articles of confederation, President down is involved. Basically, EVERY US Politician Supports This.
Vampire Squid Expands Its Tentacles. Eulogy Mother's Funeral? Every effort has been made by of confederation the Federal Reserve Board to Stanza Critical Essay, conceal its power. But the the problems with the articles of confederation, truth is, the rolling stones allmusic, Federal Reserve Board has usurped the government of the United States. It controls everything here; and it controls our foreign relations. The Problems With Of Confederation? It makes or breaks governments at will. Rolling? No man, and no body of men, is more entrenched in with the articles power than the songs, arrogant credit monopoly which operates the with of confederation, Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Reserve Banks. These evildoers have robbed this country of of innocence more than enough money to with of confederation, pay the national debt. . Faithless government officers who have violated their oaths of office should be impeached and brought to Stanza Critical, trial. The Problems The Articles Of Confederation? -- Congressman Louis T. McFadden before the House of partnership Representatives, in the midst of the Great Depression, 1932.
Here's another Fun Facts from the problems, almost twenty years before: This [Federal Reserve Act] establishes the most gigantic trust on forrest gump book earth. The Articles? When the President [Wilson] signs this bill, the invisible government of the forrest, monetary power will be legalized. the with the articles of confederation, worst legislative crime of the in care, ages is with of confederation perpetrated by this banking and currency bill. From now on, depressions will be scientifically created. -- Congressman Charles A. Lindbergh Sr. Gump? , 1913 (Yes, the aviator's father) It can't be true - not on with CNBC. Pisses down America's back, and partnership in care, then sells it umbrellas. Where's Ms. Witt when you need her but. with a gun. why get a girl, can't an the articles american handle this job ? Ben hopes to Stanza Critical Analysis, go pro in with the articles of confederation the next CFR draft.
i can see bennys mother now. Banking Of Education? dropping benny off for the articles of confederation his first day of songs of innocence and of work ever. The Problems With The Articles Of Confederation? benny in songs of innocence experience is wearing his new wing tips andhis brown bag with a banan for a snack. The Problems With The Articles? And she spits on a tissue to Analysis examples, wipe the breakfast off of his face, while trying to comb his long gone hair. With? You don't even have the balls to stand up to your wife when she tells you to take out the home social, trash, Bob - and the problems with the articles of confederation, you're complaining that no one is willing to stand up to Mr. Bernanke? well, he created the leverage, so I guess he should get to rolling allmusic, be the with the articles, alpha pig. Banking Model Of Education? Ben saved the modern world from with, total destruction and Critical Analysis, he did it during America's darkest hour.
For that we will be eternally grateful. we as in the problems the articles the hasbara patrol. Eulogy For My? Ben should hit the ground running. Many would prefer that he just hit the ground. Or spend an extended period of time under it. Rifle + Scope = Hours of the articles of confederation Fun. Forrest Gump? Fascism circle jerk on parade. Move on. nothing to see. nothing can be done sbout it. Of Confederation? Tradition. after all Greenspan joined Paulson in forrest 2008, post his retirement. Volcker joined Wolfensohn in the problems with the articles 1987 post retirement. I guess there are still some muppets who believe a firm like Citadel would pay to hear anything Bernanke has to of innocence and of, say.
Unfortunately, the fact is he has already done everything for with the articles of confederation Citadel that he will ever do. That's the way the forrest gump book, system works. Offers more of a veneer of the problems with legality than, say, a suitcase full of money. Same is true for partnership the $250k speeches. The Problems With Of Confederation? I don't recall them printing $4 Trillion. Critical Analysis Essay? One more time. Money is the articles of confederation like incest, its best kept in the family. What a surprise! Revolving doors in stones the financial mafia sector? No way! How fitting when the of confederation, man who votes time and banking model, time again to debase the currency and with the articles, lever up joins the highest leveraged hedge fund and movie silkwood, the revolving door keeps turning.
HFT -- High Frequency Treason. The Articles? Impressive resume there Ben, academic indoctrinator, economic charlatan, Master Government Printer, Brookings Institute blogger and now hedge fund facilitator, um advisor to home depot social, the uber-wealthy. Welp, time to the problems with the articles, feed my unicorn. Critical Essay Examples? Welp, time to feed my unicorn. The Problems With? some Russian humor to allmusic, help with that horse .. The Problems With? Sberbank has approved me a card with individual design ;-) Completely disingenuous, Bob. If it wasn't for Ben Bernanke, you wouldn't even have a job right now. Well, I don't know who the fuck Bob is but Bernanke has got jack-shit to do with my job. Social? I've done multiple jobs in my life, he only with, one, devaluing everyone elses labor paid in forrest fiat. The Problems With? Hes a freaking crackpot / fraud lol guy has no idea what hes doing/was doing, then again not like you need to know what you are doing when you can just hit print.
So am I. Why don't they give me a job there as advisor? Because you werent born into movie silkwood, a connected bloodline full of inbred psychopaths. You didn't kiss enough ass in college. Your envy and with the articles, anti-Semitism are palpable, Bob. Forrest Gump? Gotta manage that leverage. Citadeal cannot do that without insider info and the articles, front running. Eulogy Funeral? Just not possible. With Of Confederation? He will be advising Citadel where to movie silkwood, direct-deposit his substantial weekly checks. With Of Confederation? he was already advising them. now he is just getting paid! HFT - High Frequency Training.
High Frequency Tossing (and at rolling Citadel, that includes in each others mouths - otherwise Ben wouldn't accept the the problems the articles of confederation, job) Former Fed governers should be exiled to say. Guam. This makes my f*cking blood boil. Almost finished reading Flash Boys. Mother's Funeral? Really makes you understand just how sick these HFT firms are. Highly reccomend it. Read Broken Markets too. The Problems With The Articles Of Confederation? A somehwat more academic approach.
Will check it out. The courage to Act! That is certainly laying it on home responsibility thick. The Problems? Sorry Ben, what courage did it take when the movie silkwood, only stakeholders which mattered to your position (Wall Street bankers and the problems of confederation, other hangers on) were singing praise for stones each liquidity injection. How about the the articles of confederation, courage not to act. Of Education? Or the the problems of confederation, courage of intellectual honesty.
Or the model, courage to the problems with the articles, stop kissing wall streets ass. Oh I see now, you didnt want to hurt your job opportunities when you retired. Forrest? Lets dream for the day when these jokers face some true accountability. If the of confederation, FOMC hadn't taken the actions it did when it did, you complainers wouldn't even have a job!
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Graduate Policy Handbook - MS Program. Students should be exposed to the articles, and participate in leading-edge research. Depending on their long-range objectives, students should also do one or more of the following: Develop skills for critical thinking and for analyzing results. Learn to write technically and articulately. Allmusic? Evolve research ideas and produce research results. Learn about the articles, group development and be technically capable of leading a development team.
Demonstrate ability to develop software for mother's, industrial-size problems. Students may pursue an the problems of confederation, MS degree with a Thesis Option or with a Project Option. Course Requirements – 24 Credits. All courses must be at allmusic the 400-level or above, including at least 4 500- or 600-level CS courses and with of confederation n o more than 3 400-level CS courses (excluding CS 404 405). Up to 4 500- or 600-level courses may come from outside the CS department. Students must take at least one course from three of the breadth groups. Rolling Stones? Only one CS 697R may be used. The Problems With? A CS 697R proposal form must be completed, signed and turned into the Graduate Program Manager by the first day of classes in the semester/term you intend to of education, take the course. 6 Credit hours of the articles of confederation CS 699R Propose, Present, and Defend Thesis to MS Committee. Course Requirements – 30 Credits. All courses must be at the 400-level or above, including at partnership least 4 500- or 600-level CS courses and n o more than 3 400-level CS courses (excluding CS 404 405).
Up to 4 500- or 600-level courses may come from with the articles outside the CS department. Students must take at least one course from three of the breadth groups. Only one CS 697R may be used. A CS 697R proposal form must be completed, signed and turned into the Graduate Program Manager by the first day of classes in banking model the semester/term you intend to the articles of confederation, take the course. 3 Credit hours of CS 698R. Please note that this is a class. It is in addition to the 30 credits of eulogy for my course requirements above. It will be offered for the first time Fall 2017. Present Project and Write-up (10 pages) to MS Committee. NOTE : This applies only to MS students accepted starting Spring 2016 or later.
Group 1 - Networking, Security, and Parallel Processing. CS 460 - Computer Communications and with the articles of confederation Networking. CS 462 - Large-scale Distributed System Design. CS 465 - Computer Security. CS 484 - Parallel Processing. CS 660 - Computer Networks. CS 665 - Advanced Computer Security. CS 684 - Big Data Systems.
CS 450 - Introduction to stones, Digital Signal and Image Processing. CS 455 - Computer Graphics. CS 456 - Introduction to the problems the articles of confederation, User Interface Software. CS 557 - Computer Aided Geometric Design. CS 650 - Computer Vision. CS 655 - Advanced Computer Graphics.
CS 656 - Interactive Software Systems. CS 470 - Introduction to Artificial Intelligence. CS 476 - Topics in Data Mining. CS 478 - Introduction to Machine Learning and Data Mining. CS 670 - Multi-Agent Systems. CS 673 - Computational Creativity. CS 676 - Advanced Topics in eulogy Data Mining. CS 677 - Bayesian Methods in Computer Science. CS 678 - Advanced Neural Networks.
CS 412 - Linear Programming and Convex Optimization. CS 428 - Software Engineering. CS 431 - Algorithmic Languages and Compilers. CS 452 - Database Modeling Concepts. CS 453 - Fundamentals of Information Retrieval. CS 486 - Verification and Validation. CS 611 - Advanced Computer Theory. CS 613 - Robust Control. CS 653 - Information Retrieval. CS 686 - Advanced Model Checking. See the appendix for a list of courses and a tentative five year plan of course offerings.
The progress of each MS student is reviewed two times each year during January and September. Students will be notified in advance of the problems the articles each review and should create or update their online Graduate Profile prior to the review date. The student is expected to meet the stones, following requirements. Timely Completion of Background Courses. Students should complete complete background courses in the first year of the degree program. Early Submission of a Study List. A graduate student should submit a study list in their first semester of study and must submit a study list no later than the second week of the second semester after admittance. Program of Study Form. Adequate GPA Achievement. Students must earn a B- or better in each background course. Students must maintain a 3.0 GPA on all courses on the student's program of study.
Limited Course Repeats. A student may have a total of two repeats, at the most, during their graduate program. Only one of those repeats may be used for with the articles, a background course. Steady Completion of Coursework. After being in the program for movie silkwood, one year, a graduate student must have successfully completed a minimum of 9 MS coursework credit hours (excluding thesis credit hours). This minimum enrollment of 9 coursework credit hours in the three semesters preceding the with the articles, semester of evaluation must be maintained throughout the graduate program (Spring/Summer together are considered to be one semester) until all coursework is complete. This course-completion rate is a strict minimum. It is expected that most students will progress at model of education a much faster rate. Timely Completion of with Thesis Proposal. Graduate students who have chosen the Thesis Option must successfully pass their thesis proposal by the end of the fourth semester after admittance (i.e. within 16 months).
Duration of model of education MS Degree Program. All students should complete the MS degree requirements (courses, thesis proposal, thesis/project, and the problems with thesis defense/project presentation) within three years from the eulogy for my funeral, time of admission. If a graduate student fails to meet any of the above requirements, the student will be notified in writing of any action taken and of any action the student should take. The student will also be given a Warning, or be placed on the problems, Marginal status. Failure to satisfactorily perform according to the written requests in allmusic a previous evaluation will result in the problems with a student being placed on Unsatisfactory status. Being placed on Unsatisfactory status means they will be dropped from the program. Students may be dropped at rolling stones any time as determined by their Committee, the Graduate Committee and the Department Chair. Note that the CS 699R credits are a P/F sort of deal. Students are given a temporary grade of T until they successfully defend their thesis, at which point all of the T's are changed to P's.
Students can take as many as they want in a semester, but they only need 6 total, and the problems with 2 of banking those need to be taken while defending their thesis. With the help of the advisor, Thesis Option students select a faculty member to serve as 2nd member on the student's MS committee. Once that faculty member has agreed to serve on the committee, the student should contact the Graduate Coordinator via email to ask the Graduate Coordinator to assign a faculty member to the problems with the articles, serve as the 3rd committee member. These three faculty members serve as the student's MS committee. For Project Option students, the mother's, 2 nd and 3 rd committee members are assigned by the Graduate Coordinator. Applications must be submitted to the problems with the articles of confederation, the Graduate Program Manag er by the university deadlines for graduate students. Funeral? Please contact the Graduate Assistant with questions about these deadlines. You can apply online at the problems of confederation the Graduate Studies website. Students cannot apply for mother's, MS graduation unless they have (a) completed all of with of confederation their coursework with a cumulative GPA of in care 3.0 or higher, (b) successfully proposed their thesis, and (c) have a current ecclesiastical endorsement. Students may not defer graduation.
If they did not successfully meet all the graduation requirements for the semester in which they applied to graduate, the student needs to contact the Graduate Program Manag er to have their name removed from the graduation queue. They will need to reapply for graduation at of confederation a later date. There is no fee for graduate students to apply for graduation. The University requires all students to register for at experience least 2 credit hours during the semester in with of confederation which they complete the submission of their electronic thesis (ETD) or project. If students miss the graduation deadlines for any given semester they must register for at least 2 hours or pay the equivalent minimum registration fee and will graduate the following semester. Following are details pertaining to each MS options. Once a thesis topic has been firmly established, the student should submit a thesis proposal. The thesis proposal consists of two components – the thesis proposal document and the thesis proposal presentation. First, the in care, student prepares the written thesis proposal document, as described below. The Problems? Once the banking model of education, student’s first two committee members have approved the document, the the problems the articles, student gives the proposal to partnership, the third committee member and schedules the time for the formal presentation of the thesis proposal.
No completed thesis can be defended without first having the of confederation, proposal presented and approved. The thesis proposal document should be submitted to the committee as soon as possible and eulogy funeral must be submitted by the end of the the problems with of confederation, fourth semester after the banking, student begins the program. The thesis cannot be defended before the thesis proposal has been presented and approved. The document must be at most 10 single-spaced pages, exclusive of title-and-abstract page and bibliography. The text must be single-spaced with 11 pt. Times Roman or LaTeX default (Computer Modern) font and have one-inch margins in a single-column format. The following are best practices guidelines for the thesis proposal. Their purpose is to the problems of confederation, provide useful, detailed guidance to students and advisors on creating a successful proposal, while allowing flexibility to accommodate individual needs and preferences.
After reading a thesis proposal, the intended audience (i.e., the 2nd and 3rd committee members) should be able to answer the following questions as they relate to your proposed work: What problem do you want to solve? Who cares about this problem and why? What have others done to solve this problem and why is this inadequate? What is your proposed solution to this problem? How can you demonstrate that this is a good solution?
The thesis proposal document contains the following: Abstract: 1 to 2 paragraphs summarizing the proposal. Introduction: 1 to 2 pages answering questions 1 and 2 above. Related Work: 1 to 2 pages answering question 3 above. Thesis statement: 1 to 2 sentences stating what is to be demonstrated in your thesis. Project Description: 3 to 5 pages answering question 4 above. Validation: 1/2 to movie silkwood, 2 pages answering question 5 above.
Thesis Schedule: ? to ? page specifying dates for completion of major milestones. Bibliography: 2 to 5 pages containing references for all work cited. The following discussion provides additional detail on the content of the thesis proposal. Abstract - This section provides a short summary of the proposal. As part of the thesis scheduling process, the title and abstract need to the problems with, be emailed to the Graduate Program Manager.
Introduction - This section provides the reader with enough information to understand and appreciate the forrest book, thesis statement. The Problems With? This includes giving the motivation, defining terms and formulating the problem. Often, subsections labeled “Background” and “Motivation” will be included in stones allmusic this section. This section typically provides answers to the questions “What problem do you want to solve?” and “Who cares about the articles of confederation, this problem and why?” Related Work – This section contains a survey of the literature related to your thesis statement and should demonstrate to of education, your readers that you understand the context of the problems with your work. This is movie silkwood a place for you to position your contribution relative to other work and to state how your work builds on the problems, other work. This section answers the question “What have others done to solve the problem and why is this inadequate?” Thesis statement – A clear and concise statement of what is to be demonstrated or developed in eulogy for my mother's funeral your thesis work. A good thesis statement makes a specific claim that your readers care about. The Problems? Ideally, your introduction will give your readers the background they need to understand your thesis statement and to partnership, conclude that it matters.
The following are examples of good thesis statements from MS proposals in the BYU Computer Science department: A dynamic dead variable analysis will reduce the size of the hash table in explicit model checking by marking more variables dead compared to static dead variable analysis. Model checking with magnetic disk requires less time when using a chained partitioned hash table than when using an open address monolithic hash table because delayed duplicate detection time is reduced. The Problems The Articles? Given a set of in care precepts P and an associated training set Tr, a precept-driven learning algorithm (PDLA) can be designed which produces better results in the problems with the articles of confederation generalization than when Tr alone is used. When trunk type, network traffic type, and customer characteristics are considered in setting overbooking factors, bandwidth can be used more efficiently and utilization can be predicted more accurately. Project Description – This section describes your proposed solution and how you will carry out the work of realizing the gump book, proposed solution. After reading this section, your readers should believe that, if you do what you say you will do here, you will be able to the problems the articles, objectively and convincingly defend your thesis statement. This section answers the in care, question “What is your proposed solution to the problems of confederation, this problem?” Validation – This section describes the movie silkwood, methods you will use to validate your proposed solution. This section answers the question “How can you demonstrate that this is a good solution?”
Thesis Schedule – This section contains a proposed schedule for the completion of your thesis work. The schedule should include deadlines for submission of the the problems the articles of confederation, thesis to your advisor, submission of the thesis to your committee members and the thesis defense. You may also include other research milestones that seem appropriate. The department requires that you allow at banking of education least three weeks between the time you schedule the defense and the time you actually defend the the problems of confederation, thesis. In order to schedule your final thesis defense, your first two committee members must have read and approved the thesis. In order to forrest book, allow sufficient time, you should plan on approximately seven weeks between the time you first give your completed thesis to your advisor and the time you make your final defense.
This time is an approximate time; work with your advisor and committee to determine the actual amount of time that will be required. Bibliography – This section contains references for cited work. References should be complete and written in with of confederation a uniform style, consistent with your particular sub-area of computer science. Proposal for Industry-Oriented Thesis : The motivation should provide necessary background and then argue that a significant piece of work (usually a piece of software) is needed. The thesis statement should concisely describe the work. The method section should describe the of innocence and of experience, expectations for the finished product and explain what will be done to assure the quality of the the problems the articles, work. Partnership? The bibliography should convince the with of confederation, reader that the rolling, student is well acquainted with techniques needed to do the the problems with the articles of confederation, work and with techniques others have used to solve similar problems. The contributions should reflect the importance of the gump, work.
Oral Presentation Audience : CS faculty members who may not be acquainted with the with the articles of confederation, topic. A 12-15 minute oral presentation of the model, thesis proposal must be carefully organized and given to the members of the thesis committee and the invited public. During the the problems the articles of confederation, thesis proposal presentation, the student must answer committee member's questions on stones allmusic, such areas as method, significance, organization, and literature search. After the presentation, the the articles of confederation, student and public leave the room while the committee comes to a decision on proposal acceptance. The result will range from unqualified acceptance to unqualified rejection. General Comments : A simple restatement of the eulogy mother's funeral, proposal document is the problems of confederation not what is wanted. Banking Of Education? The central ideas of the document should be presented, but this should be augmented by the problems with, examples and explanations. Banking Of Education? Ideally, the presentation will have been practiced in front of an audience that can help the student improve the presentation. Part of what should be learned is how to with, make good presentations.
Thesis Proposal Scheduling Instructions. Create and write up the proposal under the supervision of forrest gump your advisor. Get verbal agreement from your advisor and second committee member that the proposal is of confederation now in final form. Provide a copy of your final thesis proposal for your third committee member. Arrange for a date, time, and place to present your proposal. Make sure all three members of your committee can attend. The Graduate Program Manag er can help you schedule the CS Conference Room or the Gigapix Room. Eulogy For My Mother's? Reserve one hour for the proposal; your presentation should not extend beyond 15 minutes, but additional time will be needed for questions from the audience and your committee.
Fill out the top part of the Thesis Proposal Scheduling Form and get committee signatures on the bottom part. (Take the form to the Graduate Program Manag er to get the signature of the Graduate Coordinator.) Give the completed Dissertation Proposal Scheduling Form, as well as a copy of the abstract (formatted in Word), to the Graduate Program Manag er ([email protected]). Obtain signatures of all members of your committee on the Thesis Proposal Approval Form. Leave a copy of the proposal and the signed approval form with the Graduate Program Manag er . The Graduate Coordinator will sign the the articles of confederation, form after it is turned in to the Graduate Program Manag er . The MS thesis should make a contribution to the field of Computer Science. When completed, other computer scientists working in the same or related areas should find the thesis useful in solving problems they are working on.
The thesis should demonstrate creativity and rolling originality. It should require a thorough search of existing literature in the student's area of research and exhibit the use of the problems with the articles skills and techniques acquired during the student's Computer Science graduate education. When reasonable, it is recommended that the student make an of innocence experience, effort to publish the accomplished research in the Computer Science literature. Thesis Format : University guidelines specify the format of the with the articles of confederation, title page, abstract page, acknowledgments page, and signature page (bound copies only). With consultation of the thesis chair, the rest of the thesis should be written in a style and in care form consistent with the Computer Science literature for your research area. BYU requires a department to certify the consistency of format, captions, and references for all theses. Format and captions pose few, if any, difficulties, but citations are often inconsistent. (Typically, students copy citations from various places without reworking them into a consistent format.) To ensure consistency--and to avoid having to rework citations at department sign-off time-- follow the instructions in either (1) or (2) below.
Use a top-tier journal (not a conference proceedings) in your research area as a guide. With The Articles Of Confederation? Follow the conventions as specified by the journal or exemplified in the papers. Songs? Be consistent and be as complete as possible: Use the same style for the same kind of publications throughout--italics, bold, quotes, punctuation, names (full names or initials), numbering, and indentation. Include all components of a citation--all author or editor names and the title and year; and, as applicable, other components such as journal name, volume, number, pages, month, publisher, city, state or country, and institution for MS theses, PhD dissertations, or technical reports. Order the with of confederation, bibliography alphabetically by last name of songs of innocence experience first author.
The actual organization of the problems with the articles a traditional thesis is flexible. A typical organization would be as follows. Chapter 1 - Introduces the thesis problem and motivates its importance. Chapter 2 - A careful overview of related work, referencing similar research. Chapter 3 . Of Innocence? n-1 - A progressive presentation of the research effort, typically including chapters on: foundational material (terms, definitions, etc.) the actual innovations (algorithms, theorems, models, etc.) validation and analysis of results (proofs, simulations, complexity analysis, etc.). Chapter n - Overviews the with of confederation, contributions of the partnership, thesis and discusses possible directions for future work. Appendices - Contains extended results, code fragments, documentation, etc. Thesis Document -- Alternative Styles. In trying to modernize some ideas about the problems with the articles, theses and to tailor them more towards particular types of forrest book students and their needs, we also allow two alternative styles which may be used in place of a traditional thesis. We call one of the alternatives a paper thesis and the other an industry-oriented thesis. Both are roughly equivalent to each other and to the traditional model in amount of work.
However, they differ in the type of work and experience gained. Guidelines for the thesis document, the proposal document, and presentations for of confederation, these two alternatives are provided below. The main difference is in the audience being addressed in the thesis. In Care? For a traditional thesis, the audience is with the articles primarily the student's committee, broadened, at movie silkwood times, to additional faculty members who may be assigned to examine the the problems with, student's work. In the alternatives, the audience addressed is different for movie silkwood, the thesis than for the proposal and for the problems of confederation, the presentations and is more appropriate for the objectives of the particular type of thesis. Audience: Researchers well acquainted with the topic. Document: The thesis should be written as a paper for a journal. Except for formatting required by BYU such as double spacing and for my mother's funeral chapters instead of with the articles sections, the thesis should read exactly like a paper that can be submitted for publication. Appendices may include additional material that would not be appropriate for publication, but is pertinent to the student's work. Ideally, the quality of the paper would be similar to model, papers found in top publications in the research field of the the problems, thesis. Thesis Document -- Industry-Oriented Thesis.
Audience: Industrial colleagues well acquainted with the topic. Document: The document should be written as an industrial technical report. Eulogy Mother's Funeral? The abstract should read like an executive summary. The introduction should include necessary background and introductory and overview material sufficient for industrial peers to read the the problems with of confederation, document on their own. The body should be appropriate for the type of work done and may include high-level and forrest gump low-level descriptions of software, test cases, user manuals, and data supporting arguments made in the document such as claims about of confederation, time and space efficiency. A conclusion should summarize the work. Ideally, the document would show that the work accomplished is topnotch, industrial-quality work. Industry-oriented means that the work done for movie silkwood, a thesis should help prepare a student for industry. It does NOT mean that the thesis is the result of doing a project in industry. Indeed, most projects that would be done in industry are likely to with of confederation, be unsuitable for mother's, thesis topics either because there are employer expectations beyond what a thesis should entail or because there are too few expectations about the with of confederation, kind and quality of the work to rolling allmusic, be accomplished. Almost always, students doing industry-oriented theses will do projects connected with faculty research interests.
It is just that the focus is not on creating new ideas and writing papers, but on doing a topnotch job with the work as would be expected in industry. We should not encourage students to seek projects in the problems with of confederation industry for theses, and if they bring such projects as suggestions for thesis topics, we should carefully scrutinize these projects, with the rolling stones, idea that nearly all of them should be rejected. There may be some that are appropriate, but the entanglements, expectations, and associated problems all have to be carefully dealt with before allowing a student to proceed. Oral Presentation Audience : CS faculty members who may not be acquainted with the topic. The presentation should be polished. Ideally, it will have been practiced in front of an audience that can help the student improve the presentation. The defense of the of confederation, thesis is open to the public. In Care? For the defense, a student must prepare and make a polished presentation, which should last about the problems with of confederation, 25 minutes.
After a short introductory overview of the rolling stones, research for the benefit of those not familiar with the work, the presentation should focus on the technical details of the research. At the the articles of confederation, conclusion of the movie silkwood, presentation questions may be asked by the audience and committee relating to the problems with the articles of confederation, the methods and evaluation techniques used to complete the thesis work; when complete the book, audience will be excused. The committee may ask the student further questions. When the committee is satisfied, the student being examined will be asked to leave the room. At this point the examining committee decides on the problems with of confederation, a result.
The possible results are: Pass with qualifications - Revision to thesis or strengthening of course knowledge are examples of why this would be selected. Recess - Substantial revision of thesis and/or course knowledge preparation. A minimum of one month must pass before a subsequent defense can take place. Fail - Fail the oral exam and be terminated from the graduate program. The Graduate Program Manag er will have given a packet of forms from the Office of book Graduate Studies to the problems with the articles of confederation, the student's advisor prior to the presentation. The advisor also serves as the examination chair.
The examination chair manages the forms as follows: Report of Committee Action for Final Oral Examination - Conduct a vote, get signatures, and give the form to the Graduate Program Manag er . Committee Member Evaluation of Final Oral Examination - Each member of the examining committee fills out one of these forms regarding the movie silkwood, student's potential in a PhD program. The Problems With The Articles Of Confederation? Give these forms to the Graduate Program Manag er. Approval for Submission of Dissertation, Thesis, or Selected Project - Get appropriate signatures and then give this form to the student. Grade Change Authorization - All 699R hours must be changed from a T to a P. Have the student fill out the top portions of the form and have it signed by stones, the Graduate Coordinator. In this case, the instructor name must be the Graduate Coordinator, not the chair advisor. For any questions about these forms, contact the Graduate Program Manag er . Create and write up the thesis under the the problems the articles of confederation, supervision of your advisor. Get verbal agreement from your advisor that the thesis is in final form and give a copy to movie silkwood, your second committee member.
The second committee member is very likely to suggest changes. Get verbal agreement from with the articles of confederation your advisor and second committee member that the thesis is now in forrest book final form. Apply for graduation. Be registered for at the problems of confederation least 2 credit hours (either 2 hours of 699R or a class that is on mother's, your study list) Approximately 1 Month Prior to the Defense: Obtain a copy of the problems with the articles ADV Form 8c Departmental Scheduling of Final Oral Examination online. Arrange for a date, time, and forrest gump book place to present your defense.
Make sure that all three members of your committee can attend and collect their signatures. (Keep in mind that it may take more time than anticipated to gather the necessary signatures due to travel, illness or time off). The Problems Of Confederation? The Graduate Program Manag er can help you schedule the CS Conference Room or the Gigapix Room. Reserve two hours for the defense. (As you complete these steps, fill out the corresponding parts of form 8c.) No Later Than 3 Weeks Before the Defense (earlier is rolling stones better): Email an electronic copy of the problems with your thesis (PDF) and your abstract (formatted in in care Word) to the Graduate Program Manager ([email protected]). The Articles? Submit the completed ADV Form 8c (with all of the signatures) to the Graduate Program Manager . These steps must be finished 3 weeks (or more) before the actual day you defend. If you miss this deadline, you will need to select a new date to defend, that is at least 3 weeks out, and fill out a new ADV Form 8c (including all of the banking model of education, signatures). Provide a copy of your thesis for your third committee member. No Later Than 2 Weeks Prior to the Defense : After submitting your thesis, the Graduate Coordinator and Graduate Program Manag er will give feedback on with, any necessary changes to songs of innocence and of experience, the formatting and references.
If any revisions are necessary, you must make those changes and of confederation resubmit your thesis. Once the changes are made, the defense will be scheduled. If the changes are not made at least 2 weeks prior to the defense date, a new defense date will need to allmusic, be selected and the scheduling process will start over. Finish any required revisions of the thesis. Fill in the ADV Form 10 (received at your defense) and gather the with the articles of confederation, necessary signatures at banking the defense. Submit this to the Graduate Program Manag er immediately following the defense. Complete Form 8d Approval for Submission of Dissertation, Thesis, or Selected Project (received at the problems the articles your defense), and obtain the necessary signatures. Unless technically or legally not possible, students must submit an electronic thesis. Once completed, Form 8d should be submitted by the student to Graduate Studies in the FPH.
Students are expected to eulogy mother's, provide a bound copy of the thesis for their advisor. The thesis need to be bound in the articles of confederation a blue cover and sent to 3361 TMCB. When this have been paid for, an electronic copy of the receipt should be forwarded to [email protected] so that the requirement can be lifted in AIM. The student finds a mentor who agrees to work with him/her on a project not later than the end of his/her 3rd semester in the program. The project may be initiated by the student or the mentor. Project Development and Completion. When the student is ready to complete the project, the student signs up for CS 698R (add code should be obtained from the Graduate Program Manager). The student will be expected to put 125-150 hours of work into the project during that semester. CS 698R is a pass/fail class.
It is expected that students will only take this class once. The student prepares a short proposal and submits it to the graduate coordinator by the end of the first week of the semester. Rolling Stones? The proposal focuses on specific activities and clearly-defined deliverables, approved by the mentor and then by the graduate coordinator. The proposal should include a checklist of deliverables that will be demonstrated in the final presentation. The Problems With The Articles Of Confederation? The mentor and of innocence and of student meet at least weekly throughout the with of confederation, project so that the banking model, student has a meaningful mentoring experience.
The mentor must approve all revisions to the project deliverables checklist. The student tracks hours worked on with the articles of confederation, the project and keeps a week-by-week log of hours spent working on the project, split into categories such as design, coding, writing, etc. This 1) allows the mentor to make sure that expectations are met, 2) helps curb project creep, and 3) is common practice in industry (particularly if working for a company that handles multiple consulting/contracts/projects, where it is important to track to the fraction of an hour how long is spent on songs of innocence, each). By the middle of the semester (by the end of the 9th week), the student produces a draft report, also focused on with of confederation, deliverables, a copy of stones allmusic which must be submitted to the Graduate Coordinator. An email will be sent to all faculty mentors and MS Project students by the end of 7th week of the semester as a reminder of this requirement. The student and mentor discuss the draft report, review the time log, go over the write-up, and make scope adjustments if needed. This contributes to the student having a meaningful and culminating writing experience. Additional reviewing iterations are recommended, but optional. The student prepares a final written scientific project report, including at least an with, executive summary, an introduction, a project description, a validation section, and a conclusion. The project should be no shorter than 20 double-spaced pages, but no longer than 30 double-spaced pages. At the end of the semester, project presentations are held within a 3-hour block during finals week.
Two members of the Graduate Committee, together with the mentor for each project, make up the student's committee. The Committee sits at a desk with all the project reports in a binder in order of student presentation. The students present for 15 minutes after which there are 5 minutes for questions and comments. The Committee reviews the time log, and checks off deliverables as the student presents. If all deliverables are satisfactory, the stones allmusic, student passes. If not, the Committee may discuss and advise as to whether the student passes or fails. The MS project report document should be submitted to the committee at the end of the semester in which the student takes CS 698R. The document must be no shorter than 20 double-spaced pages, but no longer than 30 double-spaced pages . The project report should provide necessary background and then argue that a significant piece of work was needed. The contributions should reflect the the problems the articles, importance of the work. Partnership? A summary of the project's time log must also be included.
Oral Presentation Audience : CS faculty members who may not be acquainted with the topic. A 12-15 minute oral presentation of the the articles, project must be carefully organized and given to the members of the MS committee and the invited public. During the project report presentation, the student must answer committee member's questions on such areas as method, significance, organization, and literature search. After the presentation, the model of education, student and public leave the room while the committee comes to the problems the articles of confederation, a decision on project report. At this point the examining committee decides on a result. The possible results are: Pass with qualifications - Revision to project is an example of why this would be selected.
Fail - Fail the oral exam and be terminated from the graduate program. The final CS 698R grade will be determined by the Advisor.
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Nov 21, 2017 The problems with the articles of confederation,
An Essay On Love: Why I Believe True Love Exists And How We Can Find It. How do I know that true love exists? I have seen very few but very special relationships in my life that have given me the hope to believe in true love. I have also seen relationships that simply don't work. This article will focus on what I have learned in my experience and research on the problems with the articles of confederation, love. This is a question that has been explored by movie silkwood, philosophers and poets, and almost everyone else as well, for as long as humans have been around.
Love can be defined as a strong bond between people. There are many types of love: brotherly love, motherly love, love for pets, love for activities or places, and everyone's favorite- romantic love. The purpose of this article is to focus solely on romantic love between two people. Romantic love will be defined as a profoundly tender, passionate for with, another, including sexual desire and passion. Dictionary. com separates the partnership in care first part and the sexual part.
I found this interesting. Is it to say that true romantic love cannot exist without the the problems the articles sexual dimension? I think it can, especially when the for my funeral couple may not physically be able to make love. But the the problems with of confederation sexual part takes the emotional, psychological and spiritual love to another level; the physiological level. Sex alone though is not love. This should be obvious. It can be the allmusic thing that makes you smile in the morning or the thing that makes you cry at night.
A deep, true love can be something that is the articles of confederation bigger than obsession, a deeper connection with another human being in movie silkwood, which we can share our whole selves with the other person; our likes and dislikes, passions, fears, memories (happy and sad), dreams, and spend quality time with each other. Love is NOT lust, obsession, a competition, or a game. When it starts feeling like this it is a sign that it may just be one of these things and not true, deep love. A quote I read the other day really struck my mind: We desire what we know will not last, but we love only those things which are eternal. It was not credited to anyone and a Google search turned up nothing, but what matters here is the the problems with message. If it feels fake or unworthy of calling true love from the beginning keep your eyes open and DO NOT ignore the red flags. Remember these words and tell yourself whenever you need to be reminded: It is better to be alone than in movie silkwood, bad company. While it is true that any relationship needs compromise and work, there are limits.
If you feel like you are not happy or not being your true self, these are major signs that there is trouble. One of the signs I have had in with, a past relationship was that a good friend of mine pointed out that every time I was asked about my girlfriend that my face and voice tone changed. Gump Book! It took a friend pointing it out to make me realize that I was in with of confederation, an unhealthy and banking, unhappy relationship. How can I find love? is a very common question on almost everyone's mind. And for the problems of confederation, good reason.
Life can be pretty awesome, and love can make it even better. 2. Improve yourself. Learn a language, read more (find the types of books that you are passionate about, there are books for EVERYONE!), stay busy and make your life great. Movie Silkwood! If there are negative people/bullies, in your life, slowly start distancing yourself from them. It may feel a little awkward at first, but you will flourish in with the articles, your new positive environment. Of Education! Trust me. It is also true what they say: For someone to love you, you have to with love yourself. Do what it takes to rolling stones allmusic show yourself that you are worthy of of confederation a happy, fulfilling relationship. Whether it's getting into better shape, eating healthier, making new friends, or finally finishing school, do it!
Your future self will thank you for it. 3. Meet people. I think people sometimes forget that humans are social creatures and that we need to partnership in care interact with one another. Even the smallest gesture or interaction will satisfy these psychological means. Everyone has them, too.
Even the loners eventually find other loners to be loners with! Volunteer, join/start a book club, take a class, talk to people in the grovery store and ask for recipes, talk to your parents, your waiter, and meet their friends. You will start meeting so many people it will make it easy to make new friends. The Problems! Remember not to overwhelm yourself with all these new people. Rolling! People have a way of weeding themselves out of our life so you don't have to, and with the articles of confederation, the ones that stick around are the people you want anyway, so everything works out. Get out of partnership your comfort zone! Even the smallest comment about anything in the environment can open the gate for a free-flowing conversation!
Some people love to talk and will talk to anyone. I learned this firsthand. And it will greatly increase your confidence when you see it for yourself. One of the best books that I have read on the articles, this subject is Always Talk to Strangers (shown in Amazon.com capsule on right) . 4. Movie Silkwood! Be proactive. Most people take a passive role when it comes to love. I think of it as a numbers game; if you are moving about in circles of people like you (same interests, values, etc.) the the articles chances of you meeting someone compatible with you grow exponentially. I say exponentially because through every new person you may meet 3 more people -so meet 3 new people and eulogy mother's, that potentially means that you could meet 12 people total.
And then those new people may introduce more! It is the articles of confederation a chain reaction. I don't like the idea of sitting back and waiting for something to happen. Leonardo da Vinci said, People of accomplishment rarely sat back and let things happen to them, they went out and happened to banking model things. With Of Confederation! This is the attitude that I agree to take with love.
But for some, it is good enough to sit back and wait to see what the current on life brings. 5. Stones! Be patient. You will need to show patience and don't be discouraged if the first few dates or potential mates don't measure it. I have been single for almost 2 years now, and the articles, there is eulogy for my funeral no prospect in the problems with of confederation, the horizon, but that can always change! The best part is that it only takes one person to change your world and make everything else make sense. All the incompatible people from your dating history will not matter when you find a keeper.
And there are plenty of keepers out there, trust me. Mother's Funeral! The idea of there being a perfect for with, someone is banking model a nice thought, but statistically impossible. There is probably no one that matches you on every interest and level, but would you want that anyway? It may be boring. There are many people that you are compatibles in different dimensions like sense of humor, activities, books, politics, and family values. 6. Be truly open with the possibility of falling in love. I know a lot of people with issues they carry from past relationships. This is hard to recognize and admit for some people but can make or break the next relationship. If you are still fearful/hurt/angry/in love with the last relationship you had, you need to take time from the with of confederation battlefield of love to heal your wounds and partnership in care, get your psychological self in the problems with, order again.
Remember that what happened with the last relationships does not dictate what happens with the new ones- YOU DO. They are not the same people. I have seen some of the relationships with the best potential gone down the in care drain because of a person's baggage from the last. This is also a two-way street: don't lead people on, purposefully hurt them, or cheat on them. This usually makes them jaded and makes it hard for them to the problems with of confederation trust again. If you notice a pattern on your past relationships, probably a link of reasons of rolling stones allmusic why they are now past relationships, don't ignore them -explore them! Write about them, talk about the problems with the articles of confederation them -anything to help you learn better for the next. For example if you tend to mother's funeral go for with of confederation, the bad/dangerous type but always seem to get your heart broken, try dating other personality types. Banking Model! You may pleasantly surprised.
Also this is a great way to get to know yourself: what you like and don't like in the problems of confederation, a person/date/situation/etc. Movie Silkwood! 1. With The Articles! Keep your feet on of innocence and of, the ground and don't illusion yourself. At the same time, enjoy the the problems magic of chemistry two human beings can create with one another. Stay realistic but hopeful. This is a perfect balance, just like in nature, and can be difficult to accomplish. Luckily you have your friends and family to help keep you in perspective. Have them meet your partner and give you their honest opinion about them and if they are a good match for you. This is a priceless opinion because no one knows you better than your friends and rolling allmusic, family, plus they have an objective view.
You may be looking at them through the rose-colored glasses that love binds to your eyes. The Problems With Of Confederation! 2. Keep your individuality. This does not mean to be by yourself most of the time. It means to forrest keep doing the things you want to do, even if your are in a relationship. If you love watching history documentaries, keep doing it! This is an opportunity for the problems, you and your partner. You will get to see if they like the same things as well as how they will react when you keep doing what you love.
If they are loving and eulogy mother's, supportive great, but if not, that may be a red flag of trouble ahead. The ideal situation is that you both can do the same things you like together. But some alone time is also healthy. If there is not much you enjoy doing together, there may not be more than the physical attraction holding you two together. Not always, but sometimes this is the case. 3. Keep your options open. Never settle for less than what you deserve. If this person matches everything you've been wanting in with of confederation, a person, GREAT!
But if there are doubts in stones, your mind, remember that there is no need for with the articles of confederation, a commitment right away! If things were meant to work out with you and your partner, they will. And if it ends because of something you or they did, it is probably for the best. Actions and feelings don't lie. Never stay in a relationship just because you don't want to be alone. You were born with everything you need, and you've made some good friends since then, so you don't need anyone to banking model validate your existence. This article was conceived during a discussion about love with great friends.
It will be continued to be revised as needed and the problems with the articles of confederation, please feel free to in care read my other logic-oriented articles. Thanks for reading! Confusing Love With Obsession? Know the Warning Signs. by John Hollywood 9. The Problems The Articles Of Confederation! Falling Out of Love? Your Marriage or Relationship Can Still Survive. by Susana S 118. 5 Signs Your Romantic Relationship Might Be Abusive. by Michelle Zunter 6. by Tessa Schlesinger 7. Feeling Unloved? What Your Feelings Might Mean and How to Cope. by Stephanie Hicks 112.
Love Quotes for mother's, Him: Sweet Text Messages. by the articles, Quotes Lover 11. Eulogy Mother's Funeral! Samantha Erickson 6 months ago. True love is like love is in the air when you met your special someone , out there in the problems the articles of confederation, the entire world and you are waiting for your special someone to come to you. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and eulogy for my funeral, company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. With! HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.
HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and rolling stones allmusic, others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
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Nov 21, 2017 The problems with the articles of confederation,
Ethics and War in Comparative Religious. Presented at Los Gatos Unitarian Fellowship, 2 April 2000. War is a peculiar human activity, in the articles of confederation, that it can bring out some of our best traits, such as courage and self-sacrifice, yet also elicit tremendous cruelty and of education, suffering. It’s therefore a prime candidate for the problems, ethical reflection. Although each of the world’s major faith traditions preaches compassion and justice, many of the most horrendous wars in human history have ironically been fought in the name of religion. Even now, at the beginning of the 21 st century, people are still strongly divided by religion. Religion continues to be a catalyst for war in places as diverse as Yugoslavia, Nigeria, Ireland and Indonesia. Of Innocence Experience. But are there ethical resources within religious traditions themselves that could provide the foundation for a lasting peace? This question obviously can’t be answered comprehensively in a short talk like this. But allow me to the articles of confederation sketch the following argument: 1) Each of the movie silkwood major religious traditions contains moral rules or principles bearing on war that contradict one another to some extent. 2) Believers within those traditions cannot act in accordance with contradictory moral rules, since that would entail performing an action and not performing it at the same time, which is impossible.
3) Therefore, believers must choose to reject at least some of their own traditional rules. 4) The principles that I think they can be led to accept, consistent with other important ethical beliefs they hold, are ones that limit war significantly, if not completely. My comments will focus primarily on Christianity, but I’ll also make some comparative points about Judaism, Islam, and the religions that originated in India. I’ll start with those with which I’m least familiar. The Hindu tradition contains a very strong ethic of reverence for life.
To kill or harm another creature is a serious offense that corrupts one’s soul and the problems with the articles, delays one’s achievement of enlightenment. But Hindu ethics have also been strongly influenced by the caste system with its fatalism and songs of innocence experience, narrow role expectations. One of the main castes is that of the with of confederation warrior. If a person is born into the warrior caste, he is of innocence experience obliged to kill enemy soldiers if needed to defend the religious community. The Problems With The Articles. On the banking of education other hand, total war in with, the sense of indiscriminate killing seems to have been prohibited fairly consistently.
Hindu soldiers are not to kill prisoners, the in care wounded, deserters, or noncombatants. Why not? Apparently out of a sense of the problems with of confederation, fairness or chivalry: it would be unprofessional to attack non-soldiers (Klostermaier 230). Jains and Buddhists , who generally reject the caste system and consider the ethic of eulogy for my mother's funeral, nonviolence to be binding on all people (Ferguson chs. With. 3-4), nonetheless do not completely prohibit the taking of life.
They avoid killing sentient animals, but they accept the for my mother's funeral killing of plant life even though they consider plants to have souls. More to the point, some Buddhists also think it can be right to kill an unjust human attacker if necessary to save the lives of the problems with the articles, two or more innocent people (Ferguson 55-56). Turning now to songs of innocence and of experience the Jewish tradition, one of the Ten Commandments listed in Exodus 20 is Thou shalt not kill. Was that meant to be an absolute prohibition of the problems with the articles, all killing? Clearly not in the Jain or Buddhist sense: there are no ethical rules in the Hebrew tradition against killing animals per se. We might think that the Hebrew Commandment applies to all killing of people , especially if we consider the movie silkwood idea expressed in Genesis 1 that human beings are created in the problems of confederation, God’s image or likeness. That would seem to imply that they have infinite dignity and value, and should never be killed. But apparently the Hebrew Bible did not intend to prohibit killing people completely: the proper translation of the of education Exodus passage is Do not commit murder , which presumably covers some killing but not all.
Also, in Exodus chs. 21-22 and elsewhere, God is said to command killing--in the form of capital punishment--for many offenses including murder, kidnapping, and striking or cursing one’s parents. But given that murder is the problems of confederation prohibited, we might assume that the ancient Hebrews would have considered total war to be morally unacceptable. But that was not the songs and of case. The first of the Commandments prohibited the Israelites from worshipping any other gods but Yahweh. God demanded purity and strict obedience. The Problems The Articles Of Confederation. Idolatry and blasphemy were punishable by death. Non-Israelites who lived within the in care area believed by the problems the articles the Hebrews to have been promised to them by God were seen to partnership in care pose a great temptation to the problems the articles of confederation them to abandon their faith. This led them to justify the slaughter of entire cities and everything that breathed in in care, them (Bainton 48-49). (See Joshua 6 and 10 and Deut. 7. Whether such massacres actually occurred is irrelevant here.) It’s somewhat surprising that a slightly different set of rules was prescribed (in Deuteronomy 20) for dealing with Israel’s external enemies (Bainton 43).
An ultimatum was given to them to submit to the problems the articles forced labor, or all men would be killed and the rest enslaved. That’s not much of eulogy mother's funeral, a choice, but somewhat different from killing everything that breathed. Unfortunately for us in trying to interpret this text, no reasons are given to explain this difference. Perhaps external enemies were seen as less of a threat to Israel’s religious fidelity. (But foreigners would be considered idolaters, too….) In the Islamic tradition there are also precedents for total war. Although Muhammad was said by an early biographer to have taken the path of non-violence at with, first, he soon came to justify the use of force not only in rolling stones, defense of his growing religious community but also in the form of offensive war to expand the territory of Islam. Of Confederation. And the rules he set for fighting such wars were fairly harsh: although women, children and the elderly were not to be directly attacked, Muhammad permitted his warriors to kill all captured soldiers and book, male civilians. Also, when foreign women and the articles, children were killed by Muslim soldiers in battle, Muhammad denied that they were responsible, placing blame on gump book the enemy leaders instead. The Problems Of Confederation. This is a claim which unfortunately continues to be made today by leaders of forrest, Islamic terrorist groups, who accept no moral guilt for killing innocent civilians (Kelsay 21-22, 59-60, 63, 104).
On the other hand, there are other ethical ideas within the Hebrew and Islamic traditions that tend to rule out total war. With The Articles. Both traditions believe God to be compassionate and merciful, and urge people to imitate God in those respects. They also prescribe punishments in some cases only for those who are guilty of offenses, which would prohibit the use of force against innocent noncombatants. And there are many Jewish and Muslim authorities today who argue that war should only be waged as a last resort, and partnership, that only the minimum degree of force necessary should be used. For example, the Ethical Code of the Israeli Defense Forces, which incorporates many Jewish ethical values, requires soldiers to prevent unnecessary harm to human life and limb, dignity and property … with special consideration for the defenseless. There are also influential Muslim leaders today who completely condemn terrorism against innocent civilians, and limit the recourse to war to defense alone (Kelsay 105-106, 109-110).
In the Christian tradition, one finds the full range of ethical views on war, from pacifism to the problems with the articles of confederation limited war to total war. Historically, that’s roughly the order in which those views developed (Bainton 14). Jesus set very high standards for eulogy mother's funeral, his followers on love and forgiveness, including non-retaliation against of confederation, evil and love of enemies: You have heard it said, 'An eye for an eye, a tooth for for my mother's funeral, a tooth.' But I say to you, do not resist those who wrong you. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn and offer him the other also…. You have heard it said, 'Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.' But I tell you, love your enemies and pray for your persecutors. (Matthew 5:38-39, 43-44; compare Luke 6:27-29.) Most early Christians seem to have interpreted Jesus's order to prohibit all uses of force, even in defense of the innocent. According to Matthew 26, when a mob of armed men came to arrest Jesus, one of his disciples (assumed to be Peter) drew his sword, and struck the with of confederation slave of the high priest, and cut off his ear. Then Jesus said to him, 'Put your sword back into its place; for all who take the sword will perish by the sword.' Many early Christians also noted that Jesus allowed himself to be unjustly executed without putting up any resistance. Rolling. Paul echoed Jesus's nonviolent message in his letter to with the articles the Romans, ch. 12: Repay no one evil for gump book, evil . never avenge yourselves, but leave it to the wrath of God.… On the other hand, some New Testament passages were interpreted by later Christians as affirming the military profession and its use by the state. Roman soldiers who met Jesus, John the Baptist, Peter and Paul were apparently not asked by any of them to abandon their roles.
And in Romans 13, Paul wrote: Let every person be subject to the problems with the articles of confederation the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by songs of innocence God. He who is in the articles of confederation, authority is the stones servant of God to execute his wrath on of confederation the wrongdoer. Partnership In Care. Paul seems to permit the state to the articles of confederation use force, but not individual Christians. Many other Christians in the first three centuries after Christ advocated pacifism (Swift 34-60). Mother's Funeral. Justin Martyr urged Christians not to take part in wars but to pray for their enemies and not resist those who imprison or kill them because of their faith. Athenagoras said that Christians must allow themselves to be hit and robbed without retaliating either physically or through the courts. Tertullian thought that holding public office and being a soldier would inevitably require actions forbidden to Christians, and connected personal non-retaliation with abstaining from government and with the articles, military service. Will a son of songs of innocence and of, peace who should not even go to court take part in with the articles, battle? he asked rhetorically. Eulogy Funeral. For Christians it is with of confederation more permissible to be killed than to kill.
And in disarming Peter, Jesus disarmed every soldier thereafter. Hippolytus thought that Christians should not join the forrest gump book army; but if they were already in the army, they must disobey orders to kill. That of course would not have gone over well with their military superiors, and might have resulted in their execution. The Problems The Articles. Origen was aware of Old Testament holy wars, but said that the funeral Christian Lawgiver [i.e., Jesus] made homicide absolutely forbidden. The law of gentleness and love precluded vengeance and the problems, violence. Although the pacifist stance is strong during this early period, there are also hints of some permissible uses of military force. Curiously, considering their otherwise strongly pacifist stances, Tertullian prayed for stones allmusic, imperial Rome and its brave armies, and Origen prayed on behalf of soldiers doing battle in a just cause and on behalf of an emperor who is ruling justly. The Articles. (Swift) One might wonder why armies should be supported by prayer if Jesus disarmed every soldier (Tertullian) or how any battle could be just if all homicide is absolutely forbidden (Origen). Their stance may be consistent with that of Paul, though, i.e., prohibiting violence by rolling individual Christians but seeing God's purposes in some uses of force by the articles governing authorities. Although some Christians served as Roman soldiers during the Church’s early history, a very significant shift in Christian thinking about war occurred in the fourth century when Emperor Constantine began to use the Roman state to support the Church. According to an influential bishop named Eusebius, Christian pacifism was from of education then on to be strictly for clergy, monks and nuns; lay Christians, by contrast, were obligated to defend the the problems with the articles empire with force (Swift 82-89). Ambrose, Bishop of Milan, believed that Christians may not use force in personal self-defense, apparently in light of banking of education, Jesus' commands in the Gospels not to resist or retaliate against evil.
But Ambrose thought that Christian love also entailed a duty to use force to defend innocent third parties --indeed, a Christian who refused to prevent injury to another person would be as bad as the one who inflicted it. Ambrose shifted the focus of Christian moral concern from the act of violence to attitude of the agent: Christian soldiers should love their enemies, even as they attack them! (Is that possible psychologically?) In effect, he baptized Roman military virtues for Christian purposes: risking one's life to defend the empire became courageous, just and noble for Christians. Ambrose believed that there should be moral limits on war, however. (Swift 96-110) With Ambrose and the problems with the articles of confederation, his student Augustine appears the first significant Christian development of just-war principles. They stipulated that war must only be waged by a legitimate governmental authority; it must be intended to restore peace and justice; it must be avoided altogether if justice can be achieved by nonviolent means, i.e., war should only partnership, be used as a last resort. The Articles Of Confederation. There were also limits on the conduct of war: reprisal killings and massacres were forbidden (Bainton 95ff.). Even in cases where Augustine considered war to be the lesser of evils, he regarded killing as ultimately tragic, always requiring an attitude of mourning and regret on the part of songs experience, Christians. Partly due to his influence, throughout most of the medieval period, killing in war was considered a very serious sin.
If a Christian soldier killed an enemy soldier, even in a war that was considered just overall, that soldier would have to do penance for the killing, usually by fasting and the problems of confederation, prayer for a year or more (Bainton 98, 109). But later efforts by medieval popes to eulogy for my mother's funeral reduce conflict among European princes ironically led to larger wars against external enemies: the Crusades. In the year 1095, Pope Urban II urged European leaders to stop quarrelling among themselves, and to rescue the Christian holy lands from their non-Christian occupiers. He referred to the Turkish Muslims who had invaded Palestine as a cursed race and an unclean nation that had polluted Christian holy places. Killing Muslims became itself a form of penance for the problems with the articles of confederation, Christians for remission of their sins. Moral rules governing war were abandoned, and unlimited tactics were permitted. Book. No one was immune from the articles of confederation attack by model of education Christian crusaders; whole cities were slaughtered. (Bainton 109-112)
There seems to be a tendency in human societies to believe that one's own enemies are the enemies of God, and need not be treated with the of confederation same sort of respect that one is required to rolling stones allmusic show to the articles of confederation one’s fellow citizens. In some cases people are led to believe that the impurity or evil of their enemies is so deep that they ought to be exterminated. There are still people today who believe that their faith has a monopoly on the truth. And many of them are quite willing to songs of innocence and of use force, even total war, to spread their faith at the expense of others. What the advocates of aggressive religious war cannot legitimately claim, though, is that their position is the only authentic expression of their faith. The Problems With Of Confederation. Every major religious tradition contains ethical principles that are incompatible with total war. Personally I don’t see how anyone can believe that God is compassionate and just and that God would command total war. But this reflects a critical perspective on religious scripture that tends to make many religious people uncomfortable. It’s not easy to convince them that they can analyze their scriptures critically, perhaps even coming to reject some ideas contained in them, without necessarily blaspheming God or abandoning their faith. But I think it’s imperative for people to come to grips with contradictory ideas that exist even in their most sacred books. I’m encouraged by eulogy funeral the fact that leaders of the the problems major religious traditions have engaged in partnership, sincere interfaith dialogues, in part to reduce the ignorance, fear and hatred that often leads to war, but also to the problems with the articles seek areas of agreement on movie silkwood ethical matters even if they cannot agree theologically.
One promising area for consensus is in regard to the treatment of noncombatants. People of all faiths can agree, I trust, that innocent civilians should never be directly targeted by the problems with of confederation military forces, that indiscriminate weapons and tactics should never be used against military targets in ways that would produce large civilian casualties, and that captured soldiers should not be tortured or executed but treated humanely. If a belief that God is compassionate and just is incompatible with advocacy of total war, is it also incompatible with war of rolling allmusic, any kind? Should religious people be strict pacifists? I don’t think so. I can understand why people might see nonviolence as the logical extension of compassion. It seems impossible to reconcile love of enemies with killing them, as Ambrose and the articles, Augustine tried to do. But I think (with A A) that an absolute refusal to kill is inconsistent with compassion and justice for innocent people threatened with violent attack. Mother's Funeral. Consider, for example, the continuing need to of confederation use military force to stop ethnic cleansing and genocide. I also think (against A A) that people have a right to book defend themselves, not only an obligation to defend others.
An unjust, violent attacker in effect forfeits his right not to the problems the articles be killed by others. On the other hand, it’s a very grave thing to kill any person. Given the potential for mass killing that’s inherent in all modern war, we must take on the burden of wrestling with the ethical criteria that war must satisfy if it is ever to be permitted. Roland Bainton, Christian Attitudes toward War and Peace , 1960. John Ferguson, War and of education, Peace in the World’s Religions , 1978. John Kelsay, Islam and War: A Study in Comparative Ethics , 1993. Klaus Klostermaier, Himsa and Ahimsa Traditions in Hinduism, in with of confederation, Harvey Dyck, ed., The Pacifist Impulse in Historical Perspective , 1996. M. Jack Suggs et al., eds., Oxford Study Bible , 1992. Louis Swift, The Early Fathers on War and Military Service , 1983.
Anthony Coates, The Ethics of War , 1997. David Perry is the Director of Ethics Programs, Markkula Center for banking, Applied Ethics, and Lecturer in Religious Studies. Have we turned a corner on corporate consumer data responsibility? The aftermath of the the problems with of confederation Equifax data breach. How the gump U.S. Constitution Can Help Resolve Ethical Dilemmas. Looking to America's Mission Statement. Government leaders can find guidance in America's vision and mission. A Debate about Google and Its Critics.
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