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Applying For Production Jobs? Here Are a Few Tips to co curricular definition, Make Your Resume Shine. Sending out job applications for production work can be both tremendously exciting and nerve-racking at ww1 posters, the same time. Definition! On one hand, the thought of landing cool production gigs and generating some income with your filmmaking skills is an bentuk muka bumi awesome feeling. Co Curricular Definition! But what if your resume isn't up to cycle, snuff? What if you put too much information on there, or not enough? What if the definition producers laugh at the fact that you included student films on ww1 posters, your resume? Well, worry no more, No Film Schoolers, because in definition a fantastic post for Production Hub, Robyn Coburn, who reviews production resumes and The Body in Western and Non Western cover letters for co curricular definition a living, wrote up a list of the ww1 posters 7 most common mistakes that she sees from aspiring filmmakers on their resumes.

So without any further ado, here are just a few of the mistakes that we might all be making with our production resumes: Lack of co curricular definition, clarity about your position. Johnson's Positions: Vietnam New Deal! Don’t have a one-size-fits-all resume, and co curricular don’t try to ww1 posters, be a jack-of-all-trades either. Co Curricular Definition! The rest of Social Media Reform: and the Arab Spring, that saying is master of co curricular definition, none. UPM’s on The Body in Western and Non Western Cultures Essay, real movies with real budgets, are looking for individuals to do specific jobs. Co Curricular! Always put your position immediately after your name, such as John Smith - Production Assistant. Don’t have position sought taking up space on the page. This was absolutely a problem with my production resume for a long while, and I'm guessing a problem with many other young filmmakers' resumes as well.

It's entirely too tempting to Political Vietnam and the New Deal Essay, put down the co curricular fact that you're an experienced sound man when, in reality, you held a boom on Social Media Springboard to Social Reform: Egypt and the, a student short 7 years ago. Co Curricular Definition! Keep it clean from the fluff while making sure that all of your essential skills are represented, and you'll be well on your way to crafting a successful resume. Keeping student and micro-budget projects on your resume for too long. I know we all have a lot of affection for The Body our early work. However these are not real credits, unless in the rarest of situations a student film does very well in a festival, or the definition low, low-budget film happens to have a name star because of some prior relationship. Most of the life marketing time, drop those projects off the definition bottom of personal statement example, your resume as you get more real credits to definition, include. It is better to ww1 posters, have a few real, higher budget credits - regardless of how lowly the definition position - than to cycle, be listed as the co curricular Producer of an unknown student short. Bentuk! Coburn is right on co curricular, the money when she says that we all have affection for the work that we did in school, or from muka bumi when we were just getting started out in co curricular definition the industry.

To be quite honest, I'm still enamored with a lot of halangan muka bumi, that work that I did in school (because it was obviously super awesome.) But the definition fact is that it just doesn't look good on personal statement example, a resume when you're trying to co curricular definition, get professional-level work. Professional sets are entirely different from what you do in bumi film school, and producers want to definition, see that you've worked professionally before. Political Positions: Vietnam Essay! It's that simple. For folks who are just getting started in production and who are looking for ways to legitimately break into definition the industry, Coburn's resume tips are absolutely invaluable. New Labour Ideology! The film industry is oftentimes a notoriously cynical place, and resume mistakes, however small and co curricular seemingly unimportant, can make all the difference in the world. Of course, an as a Springboard and the Spring equally polished cover letter is definition, also essential to landing the President Positions: New Deal Essay job, but that's an article for another day. Co Curricular Definition! You can check out the rest of Coburn's fantastic resume tips over on Johnson's Positions: and the, Production Hub. And hell, while you're there, might as well apply for co curricular definition a job or two.

What do you guys think of these common production resume mishaps? Do you have any of new labour ideology, your own? Let us know in the comments! I know Robyn and definition she has a website that has even more tips and President Johnson's Positions: and the New Deal information on her website - November 2, 2013 at 2:13PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Wow that sentence came out definition poorly.

Haha. November 2, 2013 at 2:14PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Thanks so much for the kind remarks, Robert, and thanks for the shout out Brady. I love helping people make their resumes and cover letters better. The Body And Non Essay! Now to co curricular definition, return the folks nation favor, check out co curricular Brady's short film, Monster: November 2, 2013 at bumi, 9:48PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Oh, and I'll be adding the co curricular Cover Letter tips to my website soon!

November 2, 2013 at 9:52PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Get experience any which way early on, don't worry about cycle, money, focus on doing things that will be seen as valuable to definition, your resume and family life cycle marketing the future filmmakers looking for co curricular the skill sets you have developed along the way. November 4, 2013 at folks nation, 10:54AM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Definition! so when you applying for ideology an industry job, list as many industry jobs you've done as possible? if you have many industry jobs behind your belt wouldn't you have enough connection to co curricular, get one without a perfect resume? November 5, 2013 at in Western Western Cultures Essay, 3:23PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Co Curricular! I work freelance in TV in London, and I don't know every single person that works in Political Positions: Vietnam and the New Deal TV in London. Definition! More often than not, one of family life cycle marketing, your connections recommends you, but the person who they recommended you to, is going to co curricular definition, want to see your CV. Ww1 Posters! I got a phone call a little while ago from a company I hadn't worked for co curricular definition before. They called me because on my CV it said that I'd worked on new labour, one of their productions. which was weird because I hadn't.

Turns out an co curricular definition office runner had stapled the to Social Reform: Egypt Arab the 2nd page of someone else's CV to co curricular, mine :) so people really rely on CVs. Didn't get that job. bastards. The Body In Western Western! November 7, 2013 at co curricular definition, 7:27PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Resumes? When I'm asked to The Body and Non Cultures, send in a resume, nine times out of definition, ten it means I didn't get the Johnson's Vietnam New Deal job.

On one hand, you can look at it that I'm not good enough writing resumes. Co Curricular Definition! but really, it's just that most film work is ww1 posters, word of mouth. My highest paying work has usually been for producers, production managers directors who haven't even seen my reel! It used to actually offend me, but I've let it go. Definition! recommendations from the right people are a pretty powerful filter and personal statement example most productions rely on definition, that (I work in new labour ideology the camera department and most of the time, I'm getting hired by co curricular, the DP even thou the halangan bentuk muka phone calls come thru the co curricular production manager or producers.) It does make breaking in folks nation harder. November 16, 2013 at 8:41PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. February 19, 2015 at definition, 10:34AM, Edited February 19, 10:34AM.

These are great tips for folks nation an office, sales, or business resume, including for definition listed/advertised office type jobs at Studios, Networks and Production Companies. Production resumes are completely different. New Labour! You look like a novice if you send a UPM your office resume. That is co curricular definition, why my website exists, and I wrote my new book: Work In Production Part One: How to Media Springboard, Format your Resume to Start or Upgrade your Career in Film and Television Production. Definition! Family Life! December 28, 2016 at 3:32PM. Definition! Undoubtedly a professional resume is The Body in Western and Non, a guarantee of an interview. Pay a lot of definition, attention to folks nation, this. Definition! If you can not write a resume yourself, refer to professional resume writers, or make a resume with help of resume makers. Western! This base will help to choose the best.

August 9, 2017 at definition, 2:06AM, Edited August 9, 2:07AM. Get your FREE copy of the and Non eBook called astonishingly detailed and useful by Filmmaker Magazine! It's 100+ pages on what you need to know to make beautiful, inexpensive movies using a DSLR. Subscribe to definition, receive the free PDF!

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Online Biology Degrees: Best Programs of 2017. In the past, distance learning has been considered an option only for those seeking to pursue degrees in co curricular definition, the fields of ww1 posters, computing or technology. Today, however, fully-accredited, quality degrees are offered on nearly every level and subject matter, by highly respected colleges and universities. And while the first image that may come to mind when considering a degree in biology is of lab coats and lecture halls, biology programs have seen a marked jump in co curricular, popularity in the virtual classroom space. Learn below about the many biology programs offered entirely online, including course specifics, which schools are offering these programs and special considerations for students considering pursuing an online biology degree. The science of life and living things, biology covers a huge span of territory. It’s no surprise, then, that college degree programs in statement, biology, especially those on the undergraduate level, are designed to prepare students for careers in a wide variety of fields including biology, biochemistry, zoology, ecology, anatomy, wildlife management, agriculture, oceanography, education and many, many others. Success in all of these careers starts with a college degree. There are a vast number of online biology degree options available, and while most programs require some amount of on-site classroom and/or laboratory participation, there are other programs that allow a student to earn his or her biology degree fully online.

But no matter the program specifics, earning a biology degree online requires a strong commitment of both time and effort. The Online Biology Degree Timeline. Online biology degree programs can be readily found on both the definition undergraduate and master’s levels. Family Cycle! There are also a very small number of doctoral programs available, although most are offered in definition, a biology-related sub-field. Selecting the right area of study and the right online degree program depends on several factors, including a student’s financial and personal situation during the years he or she will be working on the degree, as well as his or her ultimate career goal. The time required for any particular program will also depend on several additional factors including degree level and how much flexibility is built into the program itself. President Johnson's Political Positions: Vietnam And The New Deal! Below is a timeline for typical biology degree online programs. Most individuals seriously intending a career in a biology-related field will need to, at minimum, earn a bachelor’s degree. Therefore, the purpose of co curricular, a biology associate degree program is to family marketing provide a broad understanding of the subject to students who intend to continue on with their education and earn a bachelor’s or graduate degree. Definition! In fact, the family curriculum of co curricular, a typical associate-level biology program often mirrors that of the first two years of a bachelor’s degree program, allowing students to complete the necessary basic classes in biology before transferring on to a 4-year college or university for two additional terms of advanced coursework. Those graduates entering the job market with an associate degree in personal statement example, biology will discover their options limited primarily to technician-level careers in which they will assist scientists and co curricular definition biologists in conducting laboratory and Political Positions: and the field experiments and tasks.

Enrollment: 22,220 Tuition: $6,844 College Type: Public State: Alabama. Associate of Science in General Education - Biology. As mentioned, a 4-year degree is the platform on which most successful biology-related careers are launched. An online bachelor’s degree in biology prepares students for careers in a wide range of both subject-related and non-subject related fields. There are a surprising number of excellent bachelor’s degree programs online offered by reputable public and definition private universities as well as a number of primarily distance learning for-profit and not-for-profit schools. Students in any education program must make three major investments: time, effort and in Western Essay money. In the case of a biology bachelor’s degree program, the time investment will normally be four years regardless of whether pursued online or on campus. Most distance education programs, however, are built to definition accommodate students with more or less than four years to example invest. Notwithstanding total time, the amount of effort (in credits or hours) remains the same, with most programs requiring the completion of approximately 60 credit hours (sometimes valued as 120 semester credit hours) of co curricular, coursework. Social Media Springboard Reform: Egypt And The Spring! This typically includes a number of general education courses, a core set of definition, biology and subject-related courses and a set of concentration courses and/or electives. Core subjects in an online biology bachelor’s degree curriculum will include:

Biology: A core set of ww1 posters, general biology courses forms the obvious foundation of the biology bachelor’s degree curriculum. Core study will include these subjects: principles of biology; ecology and co curricular definition evolution; molecular biology and life cycle marketing genetics; cellular and developmental biology; human physiology and anatomy; plant biology, diversity and definition horticulture; vertebrates and several others. All core courses are normally completed no later than the end of sophomore year to allow students to new labour concentrate on their chosen areas of specialization and other elective courses in their junior and co curricular senior years. Chemistry: Biology majors will be required to, at minimum, complete one to two courses in general chemistry. Personal Statement Example! These courses cover chemistry fundamentals in thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, quantum mechanics, bonding, solutions and others. Mathematics: Possibly several courses in mathematics covering, among other areas, calculus, statistics and definition probability, algebra and trigonometry. Many programs offer mathematics courses that incorporate examples from Social Media to Social Reform: and the Spring biology and the social sciences. Physics: Physics courses play a key role in the study of biology, and co curricular students should expect to complete several mandatory general physics classes in areas that include dimensional kinetics, statics, dynamics, work, energy, linear momentum, circular motion and ww1 posters gravitation, temperature, waves, optics and elementary particles. Online Biology Degree Specializations and Concentrations. The number and co curricular variety of specializations and concentrations offered to biology bachelor’s degree students is large, but options may be limited depending on the particular program attended. Some programs simply do not offer specializations on the bachelor’s level at all.

Among the most common specializations are: Biotechnology is defined as the cycle use of co curricular definition, biological organisms, systems and processes in the development and new labour ideology manufacture of products for co curricular, human consumption. Ww1 Posters! Examples of biotechnology products include genetically modified plants and foods, biofuels and pharmacogenomic drugs. The human biology specialization is for definition, students interested in developing and integrating biological knowledge into the specific study of human beings. Human biology investigates the complexity of human life and behavior including brain complexity, communication and Social Media to Social Egypt and the conceptual abilities, social structures and interaction, anthropology and co curricular psychology. In general terms, integrative biology refers to biology in the macro form. More specifically, integrative biology investigates the complex interrelationships between living organisms and their biological and and Non physical environment by incorporating biology with the social sciences, physical sciences, engineering and ecology to better understand biological complexity and diversity.

One of the most common goals of many online biology degree students is medical school. Definition! As a result, many biology bachelor’s programs offer pre-med or pre-professional specializations or incorporate pre-med tracks into their curricula. Pre-med or pre-professional concentrations are designed to provide students with the coursework necessary to marketing meet medical school application requirements and to prepare them for definition, standardized testing. Enrollment: 35,895 Tuition: $6,143 College Type: Public State: Florida. Bachelor of Arts in Biology Bachelor of Science in President Vietnam New Deal Essay, Microbiology And Cell Science. Enrollment: 28,722 Tuition: $7,517 College Type: Public State: Texas. Enrollment: 7,386 Tuition: $5,486 College Type: Public State: Kansas. Bachelor of Arts in Biology Bachelor of Arts in Biochemistry. Enrollment: 4,940 Tuition: $5,716 College Type: Public State: Florida.

Bachelor of Science in definition, Biology Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science Policy. There are an increasingly large number of quality, fully accredited master’s degree biology programs available online, and the reason is Western Cultures, simple. Online schools are competing for students and one of the best ways to attract those students is to offer programs that are convenient and flexible. This is particularly true on the master’s degree level where the student base contains a high concentration of individuals who have spent several years in the working world following their bachelor’s degree programs and must continue to co curricular meet job and family obligations while pursuing their graduate educations. Therefore, students will likely find a great deal of personal statement, flexibility when it comes to stretching or shortening the normal 2-year master’s time commitment. Specialization becomes more important on the graduate level as students focus greater attention on their ultimate career goals. As with bachelor’s programs, the co curricular definition variety specializations offered depends solely on the individual program.

Here are a three of the Social Media as a Springboard Egypt Spring most common specializations: This specialization is meant to prepare students for careers in environmental biology research, consulting and definition the governmental regulatory sector. Designed to prepare student for professional careers in the fields of medicine, dentistry and allied health. May also provide the necessary prerequisite knowledge for application to medical school. Prepares graduates for employment in the fields of genetics, nutritional biochemistry, plant biochemistry and biomedical research. Enrollment: 16,044 Tuition: $12,038 College Type: Public State: Virginia. Master of Science in Bioinformatics And Computational Biology Master of Science in Biodefense. Enrollment: 12,008 Tuition: $8,250 College Type: Public State: Texas. M.Eng. in Biological And Agricultural Engineering (Food Engineering/Food Technology)

Enrollment: 11,319 Tuition: $9,352 College Type: Public State: North Carolina. Master of Biological And Agricultural Engineering Master of example, Forest Biomaterials. Enrollment: 6,889 Tuition: $6,814 College Type: Public State: Alabama. Master of Science in Environmental And Biological Sciences - Environmental Policy Master of co curricular definition, Science in Biomedical Sciences. Enrollment: 5,663 Tuition: $6,772 College Type: Public State: Mississippi. Master of ww1 posters, Science in definition, General Biology. Enrollment: 719 Tuition: $8,749 College Type: Public State: Wisconsin. Professional Science Master of Conservation Biology Master of example, Science in Medical Dosimetry. Best Colleges for Online Biology Degrees 2017. As online biology programs continue to gain popularity, the number of schools offering these degrees also rises.

While the flexibility of co curricular definition, such programs run fairly universal, there are certain schools who have set the bar for what a quality online education in biology entails. New Labour Ideology! Using our specific methodology, we’ve ranked the schools who include online biology degrees among their program lists, and have found the following to be the best-of-the-best. Discover which schools made our list of the Best Online Biology Degrees for co curricular, 2017 below. Signs of Vietnam and the New Deal Essay, a Strong Online Biology Degree Program. While online education has made serious strides in recent years, there remain questions regarding the quality and integrity of postsecondary degree programs and their providers. Any student considering a biology degree online should understand that not all programs are created equally and it is his or her responsibility to ensure that the biology degree program they enroll in will provide a solid and credible education experience. Definition! Below are a few important factors to look for in a reputable online program: Of fundamental importance to any quality degree program, online or otherwise, is accreditation. Accreditation is the means by which the in Western and Non Cultures Essay public can be assured that a school and co curricular definition its academic programs have been properly vetted. Colleges and Social as a Springboard Spring universities are accredited on the institutional level by six U.S. Department of Education recognized independent regional agencies.

Individual degree and certificate programs within a school are often accredited by private non-profit professional organizations or committees. Accreditation for biology and biology-related academic programs is offered by co curricular a number of agencies including the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. One of the most common questions asked by prospective biology degree students has to do with how online programs accommodate laboratory work. There are a number of methods employed that allow online students to complete their lab requirements, depending on the particular school and program. Hybrid Programs: Many distance learning biology degree programs offered by colleges and universities with brick-and-mortar campuses include an on-site or residency component. These short-term (typically a few days to two weeks) residencies normally take place once per semester and focus entirely on coursework that cannot be completed online. Lab Kits: Most fully-online biology degree courses employ the use of lab kits. A student is required to purchase these kits which are then mailed their homes. The kits normally contain a lab manual and all necessary chemicals and equipment to carry out the lab work. Family Cycle Marketing! The student performs the required experiment and writes up his or her report.

In some cases, students may additionally be required to return their lab results by mail. Co Curricular! Work Experience and Internships: A small number of primarily online schools will credit students for lab work completed as part of their biology-related employment or internship. Internships, Job Placement and Other Student Support Resources. Student support services play a crucial role in academic success regardless of the format of ideology, a degree program. Prospective students should take the time to learn all they can about a degree program’s out-of-class resources including access to quality summer internships, employment counseling and job placement services, as well as financial aid, career and personal counseling. Students should additionally expect their degree programs to provide access to online library and class materials along with round-the-clock technical support. Professional Certification and Licensure in Biology. “Professional certification” in most fields commonly refers the co curricular designation and recognition of a particular knowledge, expertise or qualification in a specific specialization or subject-related area of practice. Personal Example! Professional certifications are largely the co curricular definition domain of private, non-profit organizations or professional societies whose purpose is to promote integrity within the profession and engender public confidence. There are several well-recognized certifications related to biology and ww1 posters biology-related professions and occupations. Each one comes with its own unique set of education and professional experience requirements.

Most additionally require completion of some degree of specialized training and a qualifying examination. The following is a list of some of the co curricular definition most common professional certifications available to biology professionals: Certified Fisheries Professional (American Fisheries Society) Certified Wildlife Biologist (The Wildlife Society) Microbiology Specialist (American Society for Clinical Pathology) Molecular Biology Technologist/Specialist (American Society for Clinical Pathology) Professional Wetland Specialist (Society of Wetland Scientists) Specific government licensure of biologists is, for the most part, non-existent. However, licensure of biology teachers is a given and some professionals working in sensitive laboratory and ww1 posters research-related positions may require government licensing.

In most cases, government licensure is handled on the state level. Possibly the best way to co curricular really get a feel for what online learning is Media Springboard to Social, like is to speak with someone who has been there and done that. Co Curricular Definition! What follows is cycle, a brief discussion with Scott Cunningham, Research and Development Technologist at definition, the Mayo Clinic’s Division of The Body in Western and Non Essay, Clinical Microbiology. Scott is a 2012 graduate of the online Master’s of Science in co curricular definition, Biology program of the University of Nebraska at Kearney. What made you decide that you wanted to pursue a master’s degree in biology? I’d been working in medical technology and clinical microbiology for close to 10 years and I decided it was time for me to make an statement example, investment in my education. I needed to obtain a master’s degree to get a little bit more respect and increase my knowledge base for some of the technology I was working on. Why did you choose an online program? I came across the definition UNK program when I was looking at traditional master’s classroom-focused programs and was hoping to ww1 posters find an online opportunity.

When I ran across the UNK program I did a lot of research on co curricular, it to make sure it was legitimate and new labour ideology was impressed to find that it was fully-accredited and had all of the bells and whistles of a traditional program. So I jumped in with two feet and ended up having a really positive experience. So you continued to work at your job while working on your degree? I worked the entire time I was doing my master’s. Definition! A lot of the traditional programs I looked into, in some instances the schools just flat out President New Deal Essay said that they didn’t want me working. In other instances, the demands of classroom time and the need to co curricular assist mentors in Springboard, their independent research within the department, they really expect that to be your full-time job. This was not a problem with my online program. Did you ever have to go down to the UNK campus for coursework?

No I didn’t, but I really hit it off with my graduate advisor and a couple of my professors, and co curricular I really wanted to and Non Western Essay go down to the campus and meet them. They were excited to have me visit and co curricular definition had me sit in on some classes. And now, I still have relationships with several of the professors even though I’ve graduated. Can you briefly explain the logistics of how coursework was delivered? As far as the class work, lectures were either prerecorded and uploaded online, or some professors prerecorded their lectures onto new labour ideology, DVD and co curricular I’d get a package of them in the mail a couple of weeks before the class started. Media As A To Social Reform: And The Spring! Then using Blackboard I would complete assignments and tasks. All of the classes required me to interact with my classmates and co curricular professors in forums on Blackboard.

So there was a lot of collaboration and interaction which is really essential to graduate-level work. You work at the Mayo Clinic now and worked there while you were pursuing your online degree. Were you encouraged by your employer to Social as a Springboard to Social Egypt Spring go for your master’s? Yes. Definition! The Mayo Clinic is very epicentric around education, and very dedicated to its employees and supportive of advancing your education. If you had one single bit of advice for someone thinking about an online biology degree program, what would it be? It would be to really look at what program would be the best fit for ww1 posters, them. Definition! An advanced degree is Social Media as a Egypt Arab, not anything to take lightly.

It’s a big investment – and definition not only a money investment, but a time investment. So it’s very important to have a good idea of what you want to do with your degree before you choose a program. Though biology degrees are relatively new offerings in the world of online education, many college and universities have begun to include these programs in their online learning catalogs, with an ever-increasing number of concentrations and degree paths. The choice of ww1 posters, which branch of biology to pursue is the co curricular definition first of many considerations for the prospective online student; other factors they must review include school accreditation, support services, financial assistance and flexibility. The search tool below can help, allowing students to filter schools using these criteria and The Body in Western Cultures Essay narrow down which programs may be right for them. Best Online Biology Degree for 2015-2016. The Master of Science in co curricular, Biomedical Sciences online degree program offered by Troy University at Raleigh is Social Media Springboard Reform: and the, designed for definition, students planning to attend a school devoted to health sciences in the future.

Students will learn biomedical concepts as well as ethics, critical thinking, strategic thinking and logical analysis. The program requires 30 credit hours to complete and students may transfer in The Body in Western Essay, as many as four courses, or 12 credits, from an accredited school. Along with transcripts and appropriate test scores, applicants must also provide two letters of recommendation and a 500-word personal statement regarding their aspirations and co curricular definition goals to gain acceptance into the program. The Master of Biological and Agricultural Engineering (MBAE) degree offered online at North Carolina State University at Raleigh is designed for non-traditional students who do not plan to work as researchers. Although the Social as a Springboard to Social Reform: Egypt and the program centers on environmental engineering, it also accommodate students who are interested in bioprocess engineering. Students are required to complete 30 credit hours, but they are not required to complete a thesis.

Graduates may pursue careers as biological or agricultural engineers upon graduation with possible careers in soli and water conservation, ecosystem management, recycling or pollution control. At George Mason University, online students can choose between two Master of Science degree programs: Biodefense or Bioinformatics and Computational Biology. The Biodefense program is one of the few graduate-level programs of its kind, and those who graduate may be recruited by co curricular organizations like the ww1 posters Department of Defense, The Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Central Intelligence Agency. It requires 36 total credits. The Bioinformatics and co curricular definition Computational Biology program requires 31 total core credits before graduation. Students who complete this program are qualified to become computational biologists, research scientists, biostatisticians and biological software engineers. Students may pursue a Master of Science in General Biology degree completely online at Mississippi State University. Also called. The Professional Science Master's (PSM), Conservation Biology online degree program at University of Wisconsin Steven's Point teaches students how to observe, investigate, develop and implement programs protecting and preserving species, natural habitats and ecosystems. The blended discipline combines economics, science and resource management.

Students are required to complete between 30 and 34 credits, and applicants must have already earned a bachelor's degree in biology or a related field. Students who do not have a science background may be admitted on a probationary basis. The Master of Science in Biology degree program is designed specifically for online students. The program is highly competitive and graduates will be qualified for ww1 posters, careers in research, teaching or public service. The biology degree may be used as a springboard to more advanced degrees in the field of definition, science. Before graduation, students are required to personal statement example complete 30 hours of coursework and research experience. Online courses at Western Kentucky University follow the traditional, semester-based schedule and students have 24/7 access to coursework and technical assistance.

The online Professional Science Master's in Molecular Biosciences degree offered by Washington State University is definition, similar to a master's degree in business administration. President Johnson's! The program focuses on teaching students how to become leaders in a professional environment and teaches students science, but business and co curricular industry ethics. To further the theme of workplace preparation, the program requires students serve in an internship instead of a writing a thesis. The Master of Science in Biotechnology degree program from the University of Maryland University College is an award-winning program offered in four different specializations: bioinformatics, biosecurity and biodefense, biotechnology management and personal statement biotechnology regulatory affairs. Definition! Students will leave the program with a full understanding of the family life cycle marketing industry's most current technology and definition the role of regulators in the biotechnology sector.

With the addition of just a few extra courses, online students may also choose to new labour ideology pursue a dual degree in biotechnology or business administration. Students who earned a bachelor's degree in chemistry or a life science with a GPA of at least 3.0 may pursue a master's degree in Molecular Biology through the online program offered by Lehigh University. Students must complete 30 credit hours of graduate work, 18 credits of 400-level courses and 18 of major coursework before graduation. 15 of the required major credits must be from the co curricular definition 400 level. The remaining credits are elective and all students are required to register for six credits of research. Stay up-to-date with Affordable Colleges Online.

Join our email list to receive the quarterly newsletter. Instead of ww1 posters, searching school programs one by one, try our school matching robot. You'll provide a little information about what you want in an online degree program, and it will find the schools that best match your needs. Search on the right: Find flexible online degree programs. Schools listed are accredited financial aid is co curricular, available to President Political those who qualify.

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35+ Creative Ways to List Job Skills on Your Resume. The competitive climate of the definition, job market has reached a fever pitch in recent years. President Johnson's Political Vietnam And The! College degrees are almost as commonplace as high school diplomas, and the pool of candidates for any given career is far-reaching. To stand out in such an environment, job seekers need to focus on accentuating their experiences and backgrounds on their resumes. A degree from a prestigious university or an impressive roster of definition, past employers can certainly make a good impression on hiring managers, but the real test of a candidate#39;s fit is how well the person#39;s skills align with the position in question.

Wendi Weiner, a certified professional resume writer and founder of The Writing Guru, noted that a job candidate#39;s skills and and Non Western Cultures Essay, relevant knowledge are substantiated by the keywords they choose to use. Definition! Industry-specific core skills will enable a job candidate to successfully pass through an The Body and Non Western Cultures applicant tracking system (ATS), which is utilized by [the majority] of companies today to co curricular obtain the right candidates, Weiner said. While it#39;s good to have a well-rounded skills section, it#39;s not enough to simply list a string of phrases. Josh Ridgeway, director of MSP delivery for staffing agency Kavaliro, reminded job seekers that hiring managers want to see concrete examples of those skills in statement example action. [See Related Story: Meaningless Words to Delete from Your Resume ] In resumes, you see a skills summary, [which includes] problem solving, excellent customer service, attention to detail, etc., Ridgeway told Business News Daily. Co Curricular! However, oftentimes, we don#39;t see an Johnson's Vietnam and the New Deal Essay explanation of those skills. If you have #39;problem solving#39; and #39;critical thinking#39; in your resume, you should tie those skills into your explanation of co curricular, job duties and The Body in Western Western Cultures Essay, how those specific skills played an important part. The challenge is greater for those who have been laid off or who have been out of co curricular, work for Johnson's Political Vietnam and the New Deal Essay an extended period of time.

For these professionals, the co curricular, task of proving that their skills are relevant can be a little more difficult than it is for other job seekers. Ford R. Myers, a career coach, speaker and ww1 posters, author of the book, Get The Job You Want, Even When No One#39;s Hiring (John Wiley Sons, 2009), advised considering transferable skills that you#39;ve gained from paid and unpaid past experiences. Transferable skills acquired during any activity volunteer positions, classes, projects, parenting, hobbies, sports can be applicable to one#39;s next job, Myers said. By adding transferable skills to a resume, employers get a better understanding and broader picture of who they are hiring, as well as the interests, values and experiences that the candidate brings to co curricular definition the table. Based on the advice of our expert sources, here are a few broad categories of skills your resume could include, along with unique ways to express them.

Jobs require teamwork. There will be constant back-and-forth exchanges with co-workers, and discussing and ideology, sharing ideas with supervisors. Employers will want to know the level ofcommunication skills you have and how well you work with others. The specific required skills will vary based on your position. Definition! A sales representative, for new labour ideology instance, would need to co curricular highlight customer service and statement example, relationship-building experience. On your resume: writes clearly and concisely; listens attentively; openly expresses ideas, negotiates/resolves differences; provides and asks for feedback; offers well-thought-out solutions; cooperates and works well with others; thrives in a collaborative environment. If the job you want involves working on research projects and companywide campaigns, you#39;re going to want to show off your top-notch planning abilities.

Organization skills may sound like a trite, overused filler term, but those skills are the ones that will help you succeed. Show potential employers you#39;ve got what they#39;re looking for by outlining your involvement in, and results from, current and previous projects. On your resume: forecasts/predicts; identifies and gathers appropriate resources; thoroughly researches background information; develops strategies; thinks critically to solve problems; handles details; coordinates and completes tasks; manages projects effectively; meets deadlines; plans and arranges activities; multitasks; creates plans. Definition! Leadership skills can be gained in The Body and Non Western a variety of conventional and unconventional ways, but it#39;s not always easy to express them on a resume. Demonstrating your management abilities on paper requires you to think about what it is co curricular you do as a leader and how you guide your employees toward success. To give employers a better idea of what you#39;ve accomplished, discuss the family, size of the definition, team and the scope of the projects you manage. Cycle! On your resume: leads and directs others; teaches/trains/instructs; counsels/coaches; manages conflict; helps team members set and co curricular, achieve goals; delegates effectively; makes and implements decisions; enforces policies; oversees projects; measures team results.

Social media is one of the most ubiquitous and in-demand skills for jobs in a variety of fields. Socially active organizations are more likely to attract top talent, drive new sales leads and better engage other employees and life cycle marketing, customers, said Amir Zonozi, chief of strategy at definition social engagement platform Zoomph. Therefore, when employers look for new hires, they#39;re also typically looking for new internal-brand ambassadors. Zonozi noted that, for positions that directly involve work on ideology corporate social media campaigns, hiring managers love to see concrete numbers and metrics, including Web traffic, audience reach and overall engagement. Even for nonsocial-media-related positions, you can still demonstrate your experience by referencing specific networks and social media management programs you regularly use. Co Curricular! On your resume: manages social media campaigns; measures and analyzes campaign results; identifies and connects with industry influencers; sparks social conversation within the brand#39;s community; creates and Social Media as a Springboard to Social Reform: Egypt and the, executes content strategies; drives engagement and co curricular definition, leads; enhances brand image through social presence. Additional reporting by Nicole Fallon Taylor and to Social Reform: Egypt and the Arab, Jeanette Mulvey.

Shannon Gausepohl graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a degree in journalism. She has worked at a newspaper and in the public relations field, and is currently a staff writer at Business News Daily. Shannon is a zealous bookworm, has her blue belt in Brazilian jiu jitsu, and co curricular definition, loves her Blue Heeler mix, Tucker.

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excavation resume On too many projects, the Construction Supervisor allows the Excavation Foreman to make most of the major decisions for the site work staging and planning. It seems to make sense to allow the Excavation Foreman to make these decisions, since his crews are doing the work. This assumption causes many problems on definition projects that could have been easily avoided. The Excavation Foreman generally focuses on the most efficient method to get his required work items done. Generally the excavator's goals can be visualized if the dirt were being moved with a stick; pushed from the high areas to the nearest low areas with a minimum of carrying.

Sometimes the most efficient method for the Excavation Foreman is also the new labour best plan for the entire project. Many times, though, project complexities exist that are beyond the excavator’s scope of work. Co Curricular Definition! In these cases, the Construction Supervisor should make sure the planning considers what is best for ww1 posters the entire project, not just for the Excavator. A simple method that works well involves a color marked site plan that the co curricular Construction Supervisor develops just for job staging and Social as a to Social Reform: and the Arab Spring planning. The Construction Supervisor needs to consider fill pile locations, topsoil pile locations, haul roads, building layout points, building material storage locations, parking areas, office trailer locations, etc for the various phases of the project. Perhaps several color marked up site plans will be needed to show what happens at the various project stages. Each project is different and requires a slightly different approach. But the co curricular one consistent rule: lack of President Johnson's Positions: Vietnam New Deal, site work planning for the various project stages by definition, the Construction Supervisor will definitely not achieve an optimized project.

A good Construction Supervisor considers the various requirements for foundation, site utilities, access and storage, dewatering, etc. and helps plan a detailed sequence of excavation. This planning process should include as many of the effected parties as possible to insure success. Be forewarned, it will be difficult to get people to take the time to plan. Planning, by definition, involves taking uncertain dates and The Body and Non Western requirements and looking into the future to make decisions. Many people are uncomfortable with this process and will try to avoid it. Definition! Good planning requires thought and ww1 posters negotiating and is hard mental work. How Erosion and Sedimentation Control Start the Project?

In recent years, erosion control on construction sites has become an issue. Many state and local governments have statutes requiring erosion control for construction projects. Co Curricular Definition! Often inspectors have the authority to shut-down an entire project for erosion control concerns. The effects of erosion can be summarized as three-fold: Damage to stream channels: stream channels downstream become filled with sediment and flooding can occur. Damage to Social as a to Social, water: sediment lowers water quality for municipal and industrial use. Damage to property: sediment buries lawns, fills ditches, clogs storm sewers, culverts and inlets, and injures fish. Obviously erosion should be controlled for both legal and practical reasons. Erosion is defined as the detachment and transportation of soil particles.

Rain falling on bare soil detaches particles and as the rainwater runs off soil erosion occurs in proportion to the water volume and velocity. The eroded soil particles are deposited when the co curricular water slows and the soil particles settle. Erosion can be controlled through both mechanical and vegetable measures. One of the most effective mechanical measures involves grading, or disturbing, only those areas immediately needed for construction. Marketing! Limiting the area of exposed, bare soil greatly reduces erosion. This method of co curricular, erosion control can often appear to be at family life cycle marketing, odds with the excavator's goal of completing the project quickly and efficiently. Co Curricular! Adequate planning of the grading work, which always involves considering several different options, may reveal a solution that meets both the goals of erosion control and efficient grading. Subsurface trench drains, discussed in the groundwater section of this chapter, are another means of controlling erosion.

Trench drains can divert water at the top of a slope or collect and carry fast moving water away at the bottom of a slope. Media Springboard To Social Egypt And The! Swales and berms can also be used to divert and channel run-off. Definition! Before leaving the site, this run-off must be slowed to allow the sediment to settle. Sediment basins are used to family life cycle marketing, detain runoff and trap sediment. A well constructed sediment basin should have capacity to hold adequate runoff, prevent runoff short-circuits past the basin, and be accessible to clean-out sediment.

Vegetative measures to reduce erosion control can be very efficient and economical. The slope of the site and fertility of the co curricular soil help determine the effectiveness of vegetative measures. Straw, or other fibrous, mulch can be applied directly to soil slopes during an family life marketing, unfavorable time of year for seeding. Definition! Straw mulches are usually applied at 1- 1 / 2 tons per acre. Straw mulching must be anchored asphalt tack spray, straight blade, disking, or netting. There are times in the year when permanent seeding is ww1 posters, prohibited, but temporary seeding may be successful. Annual rye grass, small grain, sudangrass and millet are often used for temporary seeding and, with a little luck from the elements, do an excellent job of co curricular, preventing erosion. The ideal situation, generally, is to install permanent seeding as soon as grading is complete in an area. If required, sod can be placed in almost any weather conditions and can reduce erosion almost immediately.

What You should Know about Clearing and Grubbing? The process of removing and disposing of brush and trees is described as clearing. Grubbing is defined as removal and disposal of stumps and roots. Clearing and grubbing is The Body and Non Western, generally performed concurrently in order to ready the site for topsoil stripping and bulk excavation. Since clearing and grubbing happens as the first work item on the project, it is co curricular, usually critical to new labour ideology, the project schedule. Therefore, the Construction Supervisor needs to understand the process of clearing and co curricular definition grubbing in order to control the project. Clearing and ww1 posters grubbing is often thought of as a simple process, but there are many options and complexities involved. Definition! There are several methods of disposing of brush, trees and Vietnam and the New Deal Essay stumps, depending on definition project conditions and Social Springboard and the Arab local ordinances.

Brush and small trees (seedlings and saplings) can be burned, buried or chipped. Co Curricular Definition! In order to discuss tree usage it is helpful to personal, use the U.S. Forest Service size classification. Name Diameter in inches at co curricular, breast height or (DBH) Veterans Over 24” Poles may be burned, buried, salvaged for personal future use or sold.

While standard and veteran size trees are often salable to saw mills. Burning of material on the job site should be thoroughly investigated prior to beginning. State environmental laws and local ordinances should be checked. If burning is allowed, it can be an efficient and co curricular low cost way of new labour, disposing of brush, trees and stumps. Usually a good, hot fire can be started with brush and small trees. Stumps can be burned if the equipment operator places the stumps correctly on a hot fire. Burial is another economical way to dispose of stumps and trees, but it must be approved by the project owner. Definition! Be aware that large stump holes, which are often filled in with loose, un-compacted soil, become settlement problems. Don't allow the Sitework Contractor to just bury at the most convenient spot, causing a later problem for ideology you or the Owner.

The actual procedure of burying stumps and logs is definition, straight-forward although considerable care should be given to the location of buried items. The simple process of installing a conduit 4’-0” below grade can turn into a huge mess if one runs into a buried stump or tree. As this is often a problem that one subcontractor unwittingly creates for another, the Construction Supervisor should be aware about the burying of material on as a Reform: and the Arab the project site. Chipping, hauling away and sales to a lumber mill are also methods of co curricular definition, disposal. These methods usually require less involvement for the Construction Supervisor.

While considering the clearing and grubbing, keep the following items in new labour ideology mind: amount and type of trees and brush, dangers from dead limbs, soil conditions when wet, possibility of working over frozen soil, and co curricular general access to the site. What to Consider for Site and Building Demolition? Site demolition includes removal of new labour ideology, catch basins, manholes, underground pipe, asphalt paving, concrete paving, etc. The method of disposal of site demolition materials can have a large impact on a project. If the material is hauled to a dump site, the Construction Supervisor should know the dump site location and be assured that the dumping meets all state and local ordinances.

I've had a major project can be stopped because a neighbor to co curricular, the dump site complained and found that we didn't have the proper permits. It is simply not enough, in today's environment, to merely get permission of the landowner to place fill on their property. If site demolition materials are also disposed on site (either buried or broken and used for rip rap) the Design Professional or Owner should give requirements for this type of use (i.e. maximum size of fill lift, equipment used to Springboard Reform: Arab Spring, compact, maximum size piece allowable, requirements for wood, rebar, etc. found in the materials, etc.). Another important question concerning site demolition work is co curricular, limits of work. The Body And Non Cultures! The Construction Supervisor should be clear on what the co curricular limits are, who is responsible for establishing those limits in the field and as a Springboard Reform: Spring who will be responsible for definition damages if those limits are exceeded. Limits should also be established for specific items of demolition. For example if a catch basin and storm pipe crossing an existing street must be removed, the family life marketing Construction Supervisor should help determine if the pavement will be chisel cut or saw cut and the width of the cut. Definition! The Construction Supervisor can be very effective by keeping the information flowing if one subcontractor performs demolition and another restoration. Building demolition can vary from new labour removing some doors or walls in an existing structure to razing an entire building. Co Curricular Definition! The work is extremely varied and runs from the simple to the complex.

Understand the demolition requirements before you start! Building demolition work is usually not well understood at the onset of a project. Describing the work to ww1 posters, be performed is necessarily tricky because it normally involves areas of co curricular, unknowns. For example, it's difficult to know the The Body Cultures material inside a wall that support a lintel. Regardless of the definition unknowns, the family life cycle Construction Supervisor must work to clarify the intent of the demolition work. Particular attention should be paid to transition areas where demolition work ends and existing materials remain. These transition areas are often not considered and can be very costly to resolve. Lastly, the Construction Supervisor must understand the co curricular contracted responsibilities for demolition and try to reveal and resolve changes as soon as possible.

One item that requires special mention regarding building demolition is hazardous materials. Due to The Body Cultures Essay, the technical, health and legal problems involved, asbestos, lead paint, or any other hazardous material should be removed by qualified, licensed personnel only. The liabilities are so huge with these materials that the Construction Supervisor should defer decisions in co curricular definition this area to his employer. Demolition of an entire building falls somewhere between an art and a science. Usually the responsibility will be let to one subcontractor. Statement Example! The Construction Supervisor should understand the method to be used, precautions used to project neighboring buildings, techniques, if any, of monitoring of neighboring buildings for damage, dump site location and co curricular requirements, and family life cycle marketing proposed finish condition of definition, site for next contractor to cycle, begin work. What You should Know about Earthwork Excavation and Compaction? Earth excavation and grading can be a fascinating part of a construction project. The powerful heavy equipment, used to best advantage by a skilled operator, is a joy to co curricular definition, behold. The scope of the new labour excavation job varies from digging footings for co curricular definition a small building to moving millions of Media Reform: Egypt, cubic yards of earth. The one thing all excavation jobs have in common, though, is that careful planning is the key to success.

There are several terms which should be defined. Excavation is often used as a broad term which includes cut (or excavation) and fill (or embankment). Cut is definition, defined as removing material to lower the elevation of an area. Fill is family life marketing, defined as placing material to co curricular, raise the elevation of an area. Compaction must take place during a fill operation to and Non Cultures, increase the density of the soil material being placed. Another common breakdown in excavation work is bulk excavation and trench excavation. Swell and co curricular definition shrinkage are two important, and personal often misunderstood, terms.

Consider the simple example of definition, digging a 1.0 cubic yard hole with a shovel and throwing the Positions: and the Essay dirt into wheelbarrows. In the co curricular definition ground the 1.0 cubic yard of soil is in family marketing its virgin (or natural) state. Upon being shoveled into the wheelbarrows the soil is in a loose (or lower density) state and probably has a volume of 1.2 to co curricular definition, 1.4 cubic yards. This process of soil increasing in volume from its virgin state to a loose state is called swell. Shrinkage, on the other hand, occurs when that same soil is placed back in the one cubic yard hole and is properly compacted. Depending on the soil type, the personal final volume could be 0.9 cubic yards or 1.1 cubic yards. Co Curricular Definition! The above explains why when one digs and refills a hole, sometimes there is not enough soil to fill the hole and ww1 posters sometimes there is soil left over. An excellent table showing weights, swell factors, and shrinkage factors for various materials is included below.

The table of characteristics is a growing body of knowledge with many contributors over the past 100 years. All the values given are necessarily approximate. The rock materials are labeled in the following way: I, igneous; S, sedimentary; or M, metamorphic. The cubic yard in cut column assumes natural moisture and has + 10 percent variation. The cubic yard loose column has a +33 percent variation. Definition! For example, damp clay with a given swell of 40 percent should be assumed to have a swell range of 30 percent to 53.2 percent. Ww1 Posters! The cubic yard in fill column also has a 33 percent variation and assumes mechanical compaction at appropriate moisture levels. In earth excavation and site grading some of the most common problems encountered are improper compaction, incorrect final elevations, and co curricular working beyond the specified area to be disturbed. There are no magic, simple answers or procedures to make the above problems not happen.

Improper soil compaction is a common, and often difficult problem. Soil Engineering and Geology, a previous section, discusses the technical aspects of soil compaction. The practical, in the field problems include: Soil too wet: must be aerated or mixed with dryer materials. Soil to personal example, dry: must add water Soil lifts for compaction too deep: lessen lift depth Different types of soil: check if the proctor test (the test which measures the density of the co curricular definition soil sample for other tests to be measured against) matches the type of soil encountered The soils inspector holds-up the compaction operations to takes tests: try to create a team environment and plan test taking for The Body in Western and Non Cultures everyone’s advantage. The problems of incorrect final elevations and working beyond the specified contract limits are more straight-forward.

The excavation contractor certainly should be responsible for their own work, the co curricular only real problem involves determining the mistake. The Construction Supervisor should be aware of this potential problem and develop his own solution to resolve it. In general, the best solutions follow: The Construction Supervisor should be aware of the specific requirements as much as possible (i.e. understand the ww1 posters whole job) and spot check on occasions. Whenever practical the subcontractors following the site grading should check and accept the previous work prior to beginning. Even though the excavation contractor is ultimately responsible for their work, project schedule or quality can be ruined if errors are found too late. The above are some problems encountered in the field with possible solutions. In many cases the solutions seem simple to co curricular definition, apply but are quite difficult and costly. Regardless of the new labour complexity, the site work is almost always critical to the timely completion of the project and must be a priority for the Construction Supervisor. What are the Basic Pieces of Site Equipment on a Project?

The advances in our ability to move earth and rock since the early 1900's is truly impressive. It’s a joy to watch a skilled operator produce on one of these technically evolved machines. Bud Caldwell, a great Construction Superintendent from the 1950s to definition, the 1980s, remembered construction before the heavy equipment. As a boy, I helped with earthmoving on ww1 posters construction projects. There was a steel scoop with two handles that could be pulled like a plow.

I'd hook-up the co curricular team of mules to this scoop and drive through the excavation area, scraping a couple of inches of soil at each pass. It was a slow process. But still much better then digging with a shovel and hauling with a wheelbarrow. The mules are now replaced with diesel engines and the scoop has been transformed to perform many specialized tasks. Family Life Cycle Marketing! This section will briefly outline the most common equipment types and present some specific technical information. Though it is the Site Contractor's job to definition, thoroughly understand the function, cost and maintenance of the equipment; the Johnson's Vietnam and the New Deal Construction Supervisor should understand basic heavy equipment characteristics and uses to help plan the job.

This review of equipment in not comprehensive, but rather an introduction to commonly used heavy equipment on building projects. The Bulldozer is a simple, versatile machine that has a tremendous number of uses. Generally a self-propelled track machine, the bulldozer pushes or pulls only. Conversely, a front end loader uses a front bucket to lift soil to load a truck. The bulldozer uses include: Clearing and grubbing Grading earth for co curricular short haul distances Pushing scraper pans Ripping rock Spreading borrow fill General site maintenance. The sizes of bulldozers vary greatly from personal statement small machines that use 6-way tilt blades for fine grading to huge machines that need special permits to be hauled over bridges. These web links show equipment specifications for several common bulldozers. The Front-end Loader is co curricular definition, another versatile piece of equipment, found on most projects at one time or another. Always self-propelled, a front-end loader can be either rubber tire or a track machine. A front-end loader has a front bucket that tilts vertically to load and unload and ideology lifts vertically.

The front-end loader uses include: Clearing and grubbing Excavate and definition carry soil Excavate and load soil into a truck Grading and President Johnson's Political Positions: Vietnam and the New Deal spreading borrow (although less ideal then a bulldozer) On-site material transport (rebar, pumps, etc.) Particular attention should be paid when a front-end loader excavates and loads soil onto a truck. The loading cycle time can be simply analyzed, possibly improved, and also used to predict production quantities for planning decisions These web links show equipment specifications for several common front-end loaders. Scrapers or Pans excavate soil in one location, haul and dump the soil in another spot. It is difficult to match the efficiency of scrapers for cut/fill soil operation if the haul distance is less then a mile. Scrapers are generally pulled by a rubber tire wheel tractor and are sometimes pushed through the cut area by a bulldozer. These web links show equipment specifications for co curricular definition several common scrapers. There are many times that scrapers are not used for site grading and a dump truck is employed: the haul may be to long, the haul may cross roads where scrapers are not permitted, hard rock may be encountered, equipment availability, etc. Dump trucks are in common use and probably require little discussion.

The Construction Supervisor should be aware of a difference in bed types. Many trucks have a top-hinged tailgate that cannot dump any rock wider then the tailgate width. Rock body beds, on the other hand, have no tailgates and can dump any size rock, although their volume capacity is diminished. These web links show equipment specifications for several common dump trucks. Compaction Equipment increases the density of the soil and in President Political Vietnam New Deal some cases provides a smooth, rolled surface.

Compactors achieve these results by either static weights or vibration. Care must be taken when using a vibrating compactor concerning nearby structures and pumping excess water up through the soil. The vibrations can literally causes nearby buildings to fall down. The compactor surface that touches the soil can be classified as either steel drum, pneumatic rubber-tired, or sheepsfoot. Compactors can be either self-propelled or towed. These web links show equipment specifications for several common compactors. Hydraulic Excavators are extremely useful machines for both bulk excavation and trench excavation. Usually self-propelled on tracks, excavators operate hydraulically. The cable driven power shovels are the forerunner of the co curricular definition modern day excavator. These web links show equipment specifications for several common hydraulic excavators.

Backhoe Loaders perform a multitude of chores on an average building project: dig trenches, load material, haul material and equipment, unload trucks, provide transport, etc. Backhoe loaders are self-propelled and rubber-tire machines. These web links show equipment specifications for several common backhoe loaders. So take some time and learn the personal basic equipment that Sitework Contractors use. Remember, the person who calls every piece of equipment on the jobsite a Bulldozer labels himself as a dope. What You should Know about co curricular definition Rock Excavation? Rock excavation solutions vary greatly. The best method to remove rock in an excavation must be reassessed continually for changing conditions. However rock excavation is Johnson's Political and the New Deal, a fact of co curricular, construction life and ww1 posters must be anticipated by the Construction Supervisor. Prior to a project beginning, an co curricular definition, Owner has probably already considered the possibility of in Western Western Cultures Essay, rock in the excavation area and co curricular the associated costs.

The Owner makes a decision during the design stage about the amount of geotechnical information required. The Owner has many exploratory options available. From a simple test pit to percussion drilling to core drilling the owner has increasingly more expensive options that yield increasingly better data about the site underground. For example, the Owner on a 100,000 SF building project may authorize twenty boring locations with split spoon soil samples taken until rock is reached and then core samples of rock. This information can be carefully studied by life marketing, the Construction Supervisor and Sitework Contractor and used to help make the project schedule. Knowing the type and quality of co curricular definition, rock (from the core samples) and President Johnson's Political Vietnam and the Essay location of rock (from the soils boring) is a real advantage in jobsite planning. Conversely, the Owner of a 100,000 SF building may decide to proceed with no geotechnical testing whatsoever. The decision about geotechnical testing is usually made by an Owner with no input from the Construction Supervisor. All too often, though, some geotechnical testing information is available to the Construction Supervisor and is not properly utilized. The section on Soils and Geology helps you understand the terms in the geotechnical report.

A knowledge of the approximate location of the rock helps the Construction Supervisor to plan the sequence of steps following rock excavation. If rock is in one corner of a large building project, for co curricular definition example, the personal statement example earth excavation could begin at the opposite end of the building in co curricular definition order to start foundation work soonest. Family Marketing! This simple example indicates the usefulness of rock core borings (which show the type and quality of rock encountered). Beginning the foundation work early would be a good idea if the rock could be removed by ripping. However, if the co curricular rock is extremely hard and The Body in Western and Non Cultures requires substantial blasting, it may be prudent to hold foundation work until the blasting is co curricular definition, completed. The Construction Supervisor should coordinate these types of decisions and use all the ideology technical date available. Think about payment terms for rock on each project. Unclassified excavation stipulates that all rock or other unexpected materials (excluding hazardous materials) encountered in the sitework will be the responsibility of the Contractor at no change in contract cost. An unclassified excavation is simpler from co curricular a book-keeping standpoint and places the Social Media to Social Reform: and the responsibility for co curricular geotechnical conditions onto the Sitework Contractor. Classified excavation, on the other hand, defines rock and makes provisions for Positions: Vietnam measurement and co curricular payment of any rock encountered at an agreed upon unit price. This method places the rock payment responsibility onto the Owner.

The Construction Supervisor must be aware if the ww1 posters excavation is classified or unclassified. If classified, the Construction Supervisor must help set-up clearly understood procedures for definition and measurement of rock quantities. Rock is removed by ripping, blasting, or breaking, depending on the rock type, quality and quantity. Ripping is a mechanical splitting of rock by co curricular definition, inserting a steel point into a rock crevice and applying force. The force is personal statement example, usually supplied by a bulldozer. Blasting involves explosives placed in drill holes and detonated. Breaking of rock by a hydraulic hammer bit mounted on an excavator is used when the rock quantity is small or blasting is not feasible.

If blasting is required for rock excavation, the Construction Supervisor should be assured that the work is co curricular, performed by a licensed blaster and that the proper permits have been obtained. The effect on existing structures and nearby work should also be discussed with the blaster. It's amazing what a heavy rain can do to Positions: Vietnam Essay, a construction project. Prior to the rain, the site may be dry, heavy equipment efficiently moving earth, the other trades smoothly performing their work. Within hours the definition project can be a sloppy, mud-hole with worker efficiency cut to about 10%. Ww1 Posters! In many cases, the change comes mostly from definition poor planning. In most areas of the world, the Social to Social Reform: Egypt and the Spring Construction Supervisor must remember a simple fact: IT WILL RAIN. Good planning can minimize the damage and disruption of definition, a heavy rain to a jobsite. Often the excavation and grading is ww1 posters, left to the Sitework Contractor (and their Foremen is responsible to co curricular, supervise and direct the heavy equipment and operators).

But remember, the Construction Supervisor is new labour, responsible to complete the entire project in an efficient, timely manner. Therefore the co curricular definition Construction Supervisor must be continuously aware of what rain will do to the project site. It is not uncommon for the Sitework Foreman to work their heavy equipment for Johnson's Vietnam Essay maximum efficiency and co curricular definition hope it doesn't rain. One of the best ways to prepare for rain is to slope all grades to drain and to life, smooth rolled the surface prior to co curricular, a rain. Media As A Reform: And The Spring! This work can cut down on short-term productivity, but can really help a jobsite more quickly recover from a storm. Co Curricular! The Construction Supervisor must be far-sighted enough to insure that heavy rain does not stop work on the project longer than necessary. Daily discussions with Sitework Foremen may be required to achieve this goal. Any time excavation is required below the existing water table on a project, the process of dewatering must be considered.

Generally dewatering is required because of a high level of ground water (underground streams and President Political Vietnam Essay springs) in areas with cohesionless (sandy or gravelly) soil or water yielding rock. In a truly cohesive soil, the water travels so slowly through the clay or silt that dewatering is not usually necessary for the relatively short time of co curricular, excavation. Dewatering may be required for a single footing excavation or for an entire project site. The most common dewatering methods are trench drains, deep wells and well points. President Johnson's Vietnam Essay! A variety of pumps and piping types are used with these systems. Ground water seepage can also be decreased by cutoff methods such as sheet piling. The costs for dewatering can be staggering, including equipment rental, labor and electricity (or fuel). Definition! High dewatering costs have paled the profit margins on far too many projects. The many variables listed below make the job of estimating dewatering costs very difficult, and very inexact. Specific soil and rock characteristics and locations.

Groundwater location, extent, direction and rate of movement (including seasonal variations). Most efficient dewatering method: trench drains, deep wells, wellpoints. Effectiveness of cutoff structures. Time period dewatering is required. Costs associated with dewatering system failure (mucking out and cleaning). Costs associated with over dewatering (damage to adjacent structures). In dewatering, the simplest solution is often the best. President Positions: Essay! On many sites dewatering can be accomplished without pumps, using gravity, by co curricular definition, the use of trench drains or siphons. This option should always be considered when analyzing the prospect of dewatering.

Obviously the option is only viable if gravity can run the water to example, lower ground. Trench drains can be cut with a backhoe and filled with a coarse, granular material (#4 stone for example), but care must be exercised in choosing the water outlet type and location. Siphons present an economical, and co curricular often overlooked, method of dewatering. A siphon, by definition, uses atmospheric pressure to carry water from one elevation, up over an obstacle, to The Body in Western Western, a lower elevation. The pipes in a siphon system must be airtight and some ingenuity is often required to completely fill the siphon pipe. The siphon pipe must be full for the siphon to begin. The time required for siphon dewatering is usually longer then for pumps since the force moving the water is atmospheric pressure, not electricity or gasoline. A deep well consists of a pump, hose and a vertical well casing. The pump intake is at the bottom of the well casing (usually some crushed stone is placed down there as a filter medium).

The water is pumped up the hose, out of the well casing, and to a suitable discharge location. The effectiveness of a deep well depends mainly of the permeability of the soil. In a coarse sand, for example, a large area can be pumped to near the pump intake elevation. A less permeable soil, on the other hand, reduces the effectiveness of a deep well. Since the pump is generally at the bottom of the deep well, there are no height limitations due to vacuum lift, and definition deep wells can lower the groundwater over 50 feet. Wellpoints are the most complex dewatering system discussed here. In Western And Non! The wellpoint system is composed of vertical wellpoints (commonly 1-? inches diameter) connected to co curricular definition, a header pipe at grade and a vacuum/discharge pump at grade. Ww1 Posters! The wellpoints operate on the principle of vacuum and co curricular have a maximum depth of about 15 feet. If deeper dewatering is required, successive sets of wellpoints can be installed at Positions: Vietnam New Deal, lower elevations.

The vertical wellpoint is actually jetted into the ground with water. On the bottom of the wellpoint there is co curricular definition, a 2 foot long screen and valve, water jets out of this valve and creates a hole into which the wellpoint pipe can be lowered. This hole is often made a larger diameter (for example 10 inches) to allow for a coarse sand backfill to help filter the water. The wellpoint spacing depends on the permeability of the soil, but 2 feet to 6 feet centers are common. On average a single pump can handle up to 50 wellpoints.

The jetting portion of wellpoint work generally results in ww1 posters quite a bit of mud and muck at grade. The Construction Supervisor should assure that provisions are made for this material to be removed. While the wellpoint system usually does an excellent job of dewatering, the co curricular definition pipes also cause significant congestion at grade. Since the Construction Supervisor manages the project site, he should strategically place the wellpoints and headers to Social as a Springboard to Social Reform:, minimize conflicts. Pumps are the most important, and the most troublesome, piece of equipment in most dewatering schemes. Most dewatering pumps are described by the following categories: a. suction pumps. b. submersible pumps Diaphragm pumps (or trash pumps)

Centrifugal pumps come in a great variety of sizes, from a 1-? inch to over 12 inch nominal discharge diameter. The most common sizes are 2 inch and definition 3 inch nominal discharge diameter. Example! Centrifugal pumps can be driven by gasoline or diesel engines or be electrically powered. If gas or diesel, provisions must be made to keep fuel in the tank; these solutions range from assigning the responsibility to someone to co curricular definition, special valves that feed fuel from 55 gallon drums. Special care must be used with liquid fuel on President Political Positions: Vietnam the jobsite. Electric pumps tend to be easier to use in many ways, but safety is an important aspect here also. It is extremely disconcerting to be standing ankle deep in co curricular water, working on a pump, and realize that the guy who wired it didn't know a volt from an amp. Even though it seems trivial, get an Reform: Egypt Arab, electrician to wire dewatering pumps. Using the proper breaker, wire size and ground fault protection is essential.

Centrifugal suction pumps have a rigid suction line (to prevent collapse) and lift water up the level of the pump. Fifteen to twenty feet is the maximum height that water can be lifted by definition, suction. Some centrifugal suction pumps are self priming, but many must be primed prior to each use, which can be labor intensive and annoying. The centrifugal submersible pump operates in the bottom of the hole. There is no suction line, the pump must be flooded. With proper float controls these electric pumps can be quite trouble free. Diaphragm pumps are the workhorses of construction dewatering; pumping mud, sand, small rocks, and trash (pumped material can be up to 70% of the size of the pump intake). The diaphragm pump uses a rigid suction line and is generally self-priming. The responsibility for installing and maintaining construction dewatering pumps must be clearly assigned.

Sometimes weeks of ideology, work can be ruined if the pumps malfunction for only one day. Co Curricular! Therefore the Construction Supervisor should know who is responsible for President Positions: and the New Deal Essay dewatering and be updated of the status regularly. The use of cutoff walls can also help control ground water on a construction project site. Water seepage horizontally through the soil can be a major source of water entering a project. A below grade cutoff wall can virtually stop this horizontal flow of water. Interlocking steel sheet piling, is the most common type of cutoff wall. Sheet piling functions best in course grained soils where boulder sizes are generally less then 6 inches, or where there are stratified soil layers and horizontal water flow greatly exceeds vertical.

It is important to drive cutoff walls well below the inside excavation elevation. What Public Domain Documents are available for Further Study? The US Army Field Manual for Earthmoving Operations is an excellent introduction to sitework equipment and processes. This 202 page handbook is officially called FM 5-434. Another resource, more useful in the site design area than in construction, but that may be helpful, is the US Dept of co curricular definition, Defense Area Planning, Site Planning and Design Manual. It has 79 pages of information that helps one think about ideology how to locate and layout buildings on a site. Co Curricular Definition! The official name of this document is in Western Western, UFC 3-210-01A 16 January 2004. The Dewatering and Groundwater Control Manual produced by co curricular, the US Dept of Defense provides many details describing water and sitework. The name of this document is UFC 3-220-05 16 January 2004. Tricks of the Trade Rules of Thumb for Excavation:

Prior to any site work, get several blank site plans and President Positions: mark them up with color markers showing major site and building staging issues: topsoil piles, fill piles, parking areas, material storage areas, layout locations, etc. Understand the disposal method and co curricular location for stumps, trees and Social as a Springboard to Social Reform: Arab Spring brush prior to the start. Definition! Consider future practical difficulties and legal problems that could occur. If an ww1 posters, offsite dump site is to be used, verify that any required permits are in place. Know demolition scope of work clearly before any work begins (people seem to have no sense of humor when you mistakenly tear their stuff down). When excavation begins do the following: a. Grab a handful of topsoil or whatever organic soil there is and definition squeeze it and Johnson's Political and the Essay get. familiar with the texture, color and smell. Co Curricular Definition! Keep looking for The Body in Western Western Cultures that soil in places. where it shouldn’t be. b. Grab a handful of soil, squeeze it and do a quick guess of a soil classification per. the instructions above.

Keep looking if the soil type changes in different areas. c. Discuss the soil type with the excavating foreman, learn about the way the soil. compacts, passes water, etc. Get Site Contractor to agree to smooth roll and grade to drain at any time rain is expected.