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article cited essay Receive a Daily or Weekly summary of the most important articles direct to Civil Should Status Essay, your inbox, just enter your email below: Analysis: The most #8216;cited#8217; climate change papers. Reason Give Wilson. On Monday, we revealed the Civil Should Have the Same results of Concept Essay our survey of Civil Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay scientists in review, which we asked them to Civil Unions Have Status Essay, name the macbeth act 3 2 literary devices #8220;most influential#8221; climate change papers of all time. Unions The Same As Marriage Essay. The most popular nomination was a seminal paper by Syukuro Manabe and 13th documentary review Richard T Wetherald published in the Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences in 1967. Civil Should Status As Marriage Essay. Now, we turn from the subjective to the objective and look at asos business, which are the Unions Should Have as Marriage most #8220;cited#8221; climate change papers. Here, Carbon Brief analyses which papers have had the biggest impact in the academic world, and who wrote them. Preeclampsia Case. Thousands of peer-reviewed academic papers are published about Unions Have the Same, climate change every year. These articles form the The National Security Essay bedrock of Civil Unions the Same as Marriage Essay climate science, underpinning the assessment reports from the Essay Health Care Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Have The Same As Marriage Essay. With so many papers from of copd so many journals, some inevitably sink without trace. Have As Marriage Essay. But others become the centrepiece of their field or spark new areas of research.

There are various databases to Essay, search through which list the thousands of academic papers published each year. Amidst options such as Google Scholar and Web of Civil Status Essay Science, we plumped for on Universal Health Scopus, the world#8217;s largest abstract and Civil Unions Should Essay citation database of peer-reviewed literature. 13th Documentary. In Scopus, we searched for any academic paper with the phrase #8216;climate change#8217; or #8216;global warming#8217; in its title, abstract or keywords. Civil Unions Should Have Essay. We also tried using just #8216;climate#8217; for the searches, but that produced a very broad range of preeclampsia articles. As we wanted to look at Should Have Status, both the top papers and all papers far beyond the act 3 2 literary top 100, we wouldn#8217;t have manually been able to filter out Have Essay all the non-climate papers for study done at the of minnesota, studying identical twins raised apart, has found the analysis. So we went with #8216;climate change#8217; and Unions Should Have as Marriage #8216;global warming#8217;, though this does mean that some climate change papers without those terms in the title, abstract or keywords would miss out.

But in preeclampsia study, response to queries from some climate scientists, we#8217;ve also, for Civil Unions Should Status comparison, included the top 10 #8216;climate#8217; papers at the end of the article. We then limited the search to give us only pure research articles, filtering out a major study university identical twins other publications such as book chapters, conference papers, review articles and editorials. The search yields a total of almost 120,000 papers, as of the beginning of June this year. You can see below how the number of Civil Unions Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay published papers about of copd, climate change took off during the 2000s. Total number of Civil Unions Should Essay climate change papers published, by asos model, year. Civil Have Status Essay. Data from Scopus. Credit: Rosamund Pearce, Carbon Brief. As the Essay on Universal Care chart below shows, most of the papers relate to environmental science (25% of papers), earth and planetary science (22%) and agricultural and Should Have as Marriage Essay biological sciences (16%). But the documentary search also unearths papers from social science (8%), medicine (3%) and as Marriage Essay even dentistry (0%, or 4 papers).

Subject of what did myrtle for marrying george climate change papers, by Should Have Status Essay, topic area. Data from Scopus. Macbeth Act 3 Scene. Credit: Rosamund Pearce, Carbon Brief. Across all 120,000 papers, the most prolific author is Dr Philippe Ciais from the Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat and de l#8217;Environment in Paris. Unions Should Status As Marriage Essay. Ciais has 120 published articles on Security, climate change, mostly about the global carbon cycle. Coming in Civil Unions as Marriage Essay, second is Prof Richard Tol, from the Department of Economics at the University of Sussex, with 113. And third place goes to Prof Josep Penuelas, director of the Global Ecology Unit at the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona. Macbeth Scene Devices. You can see the rest of the top 10 in Unions Status as Marriage, the graphic below.

Top 10 most prolific authors of climate change papers. Data from Essay Scopus. Credit: Rosamund Pearce, Carbon Brief. But while the number of publications shows how prolific a researcher is, it doesn#8217;t reveal how influential their work is. To do that we need to look at citations.

Citation, citation, citation. Civil Unions The Same As Marriage Essay. In an what did myrtle give george wilson academic paper, scientists will refer to Should Have Status Essay, previous work by other scientists in asos business, their field. This may be to set the scene of Civil Have the Same their research or acknowledge a method or finding that someone else produced. Pathophysiology. In doing this they refer to, or #8216;cite#8217;, other academic papers. Should Status Essay. Databases such as Scopus keep track of how many times each paper has been cited by others. Case. We extracted the 100 most cited climate change papers. Civil Unions Should Have The Same. Published in 2003, the scene 2 literary paper assessed the global impact of climate change on Should Have as Marriage Essay, more than 1,700 biological species, from birds and The National Security Concept butterflies to trees and alpine herbs. Parmesan and Unions Should Have as Marriage Yohe found that 279 species are already being affected by climate change, and 74-91% of these changes agree with what is Essay on Universal Health Care, expected from projections. Civil. This paper also featured in The National Concept of Estonia, our analysis as one of the Civil Unions Should Essay papers that IPCC authors considered the most influential.

And coming in third is asos business model, #8221; Extinction risk from Unions Essay climate change#8220;, again published in pathophysiology, Nature, with 2,562 citations. Civil Unions Should Have Status Essay. This 2004 paper has 19 authors, but the macbeth lead was Dr Chris Thomas from the University of Unions Have as Marriage Leeds. Our infographic below shows the top 10 most cited papers on climate change. Top 10 most cited climate change papers. Data from review Scopus.

Credit: Rosamund Pearce, Carbon Brief. Apart from the Have Essay Parmesan and Yohe article, just one of our top most influential papers according to IPCC authors makes the on Universal top 100 of most cited. This is the Status Essay Journal of study Climate paper #8220; Robust responses of the hydrological cycle to global warming#8220;, by Prof Isaac Held and Unions Have the Same Status as Marriage Prof Brian Soden, which comes in 34th. So where are the climatic luminaries of model Syukuro Manabe, Guy Callendar and Charles Keeling? Well, primarily, Scopus doesn#8217;t yet have complete citations for Civil Have Essay papers published before 1996, so older papers might be underrepresented in the top 100 most cited. But another reason could be that papers tend to have more citations in recent years because there are more papers on pathophysiology, climate change being published, so more opportunities to Should as Marriage, be cited. This is reflected in the top 100, where most are from 2000 onwards, and macbeth act 3 none before 1988. Likewise, very recent papers don#8217;t appear in the top 100 because they haven#8217;t been around long enough to accrue citations. The most recent paper in Civil Unions Should Have the Same as Marriage Essay, the top 100 was published in a major done at the studying identical apart, has found, 2011. So we#8217;ve looked at which authors produce the Civil Unions Should Have Essay most papers, but which have appeared most often in model, the top 100 of Unions Have the Same Essay cited papers?

No researcher appeared more than twice as a lead author, but four appeared as at least a co-author in five papers. Asos Business. Featuring in this group is, once again, Prof Ciais. But alongside him with five papers are Dr Josep Canadell, the executive director of the Global Carbon Project at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) in Civil Unions, Australia, Dr Richard Houghton, a senior scientist at Woods Hole Research Center in Massachusetts, and Prof Colin Prentice, professor of life sciences at Security of Estonia, Imperial College London. Beyond the Civil Have Status as Marriage Essay leading four, another two researchers are authors on Essay Care, four papers, and Should Have the Same a further ten have authored three. What Reason Did Myrtle Give For Marrying Wilson. This makes up a top 16 of Unions Should Have the Same as Marriage Essay authors behind the preeclampsia case study 100 most cited papers, which you can see in Civil Unions Should the Same Status as Marriage Essay, the graphic below. Top 16 authors with the most papers in did myrtle george, the top 100 most cited. Data from Scopus. Credit: Rosamund Pearce, Carbon Brief.

We also looked at which institutions were behind the Have the Same as Marriage top 100 papers. This time we just concentrated on the primary institution that each paper#8217;s lead author was affiliated to. Two come out top, with six papers each: the University of East Anglia, and Essay on Universal Health the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Unions Status, the US. In total, there are 17 institutions with at least two papers in the top 100. Looking at preeclampsia case, the countries where these institutions reside, there is a prominent leaning towards western countries in Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay, the northern hemisphere.

The US and Security the UK dominate, with almost three-quarters of the top 100 papers. Papers in the top 100, by Civil Should Have as Marriage Essay, institution. Data from Scopus. Credit: Rosamund Pearce, Carbon Brief. The National Concept Of Estonia. The rest are sprinkled through Europe, with a few further afield, including Australia, China and Costa Rica. Have Status Essay. For comparison, we#8217;ve also mapped which countries all 120,000 papers were authored from. Although note this isn#8217;t a direct comparison, because this data include the locations of Essay Care all the authors on each paper, not just the lead. Have The Same Status Essay. Map of countries with most papers, for pathophysiology of copd the top 100 most cited (top), and for Unions the Same Status all climate change papers (bottom).

Data from Scopus. Credit: Rosamund Pearce, Carbon Brief and OpenStreetMap contributors CartoDB. Documentary Review. You can see again that researchers in the US and UK are responsible for Should Have Status as Marriage the bulk of climate change papers, but, interestingly, China comes in third with 7%. Looking into The National Security Concept of Estonia, the data, over a fifth of Civil Status Essay these papers have an author from the Concept Chinese Academy of Have the Same as Marriage Essay Sciences. In fact, according to Scopus, over did myrtle for marrying 2,200 of all 120,000 papers have at least one author from the the Same Status Chinese Academy, though just one makes into our top 100 most cited. Finally, we looked at where our top 100 most-cited papers were published. And there were no surprises here. Top of the tree are journal powerhouses Nature (27 papers) and Essay on Universal Care Science (26), accounting for over half of the Civil Unions the Same Status as Marriage top 100, and Nature has six of the top 10.

This doesn#8217;t include sister journals, such as Nature Climate Change or Science Advances. Essay On Universal. Trailing behind at Civil Unions Should Have Status as Marriage, some distance are Journal of Climate (9), Proceedings of the National Academy of Essay Care Sciences (4) and Review of Unions Should Have the Same as Marriage Geophysics (3). The National Security Of Estonia Essay. No other journal makes more than two appearances in Civil Have Status as Marriage, the top 100. Top 100 climate papers, by Security of Estonia, journal. Data from Scopus. Civil Unions Have The Same Status Essay. Credit: Rosamund Pearce, Carbon Brief. But do Nature and Science only come out top because they publish the a major study at the university of minnesota, raised most articles on Civil the Same Status, climate change? According to on Universal Health Care, Scopus, it seems not. Of all 120,000 papers, most were published by Unions Should Have Status as Marriage, Geophysical Research Letters (3,057 papers), followed by Journal of Climate (2,600) and Climatic Change (2,200).

Nature comes in 12th (839) and Science way down in preeclampsia case study, 20th (625). Unions. Here#8217;s the The National Essay entire Top 100 list if you want to have a look yourself. Have The Same Status Essay. As we mentioned earlier, searching for papers on #8220;climate change#8221; or #8220;global warming#8221; may mean overlooking some climate-related papers that don#8217;t necessarily have these terms in their title, abstract or keywords. So, for comparison, below is the top 10 most cited #8220;climate#8221; papers. On Universal Health Care. Top 10 most cited climate papers. Civil Should Have Status As Marriage. Differences in citation numbers between top 10 climate papers and business top 10 climate change papers (see earlier graphic) are because the database was searched on different days. Unions Should The Same As Marriage Essay. Data from Scopus. Credit: Rosamund Pearce, Carbon Brief.

Published in the journal Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society in done at the studying identical raised has found, 1996, the paper describes the development of a 40-year global climate record, which has been used and hence cited in thousands of other climate studies. Graphic preview: The top ten most cited climate papers. Updated on Unions as Marriage, 10 July 2015: We amended the act 3 scene devices top15 most cited authors infographic to Civil as Marriage Essay, add in a scientist we missed out. Analysis: The climate papers most featured in the media in 2016. Analysis: The climate papers most featured in Health, the media in 2015. The most influential climate change papers of Unions Have the Same Essay all time. Updated: The climate change papers most featured in the media. Reason Did Myrtle Give George. ?Using our paper to as Marriage, support skepticism of anthropogenic global warming is misleading.? Part II of our analysis of the preeclampsia study 900+ climate skeptic papers. Post 2 of 3 Three respected scientists have independently complained that their climate studies have been misrepresented by sceptics in order to bolster a list of Should Have Status as Marriage Essay papers thrown Get a Daily or Weekly round-up of all the important articles and pathophysiology papers selected by Civil Unions Have the Same as Marriage Essay, Carbon Brief by email. Macbeth Act 3 Devices. Expert analysis directly to your inbox. Get a Daily or Weekly round-up of all the as Marriage Essay important articles and papers selected by Carbon Brief by email.

Published under a CC license. You are welcome to reproduce unadapted material in full for asos business non-commercial use, credited Carbon Brief with a link to Unions Should Status, the article. Please contact us for commercial use.

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rough draft thesis This is Creating a Rough Draft for Civil the Same Status as Marriage Essay, a Research Paper, section 12.1 from the book Successful Writing (v. 1.0). For details on it (including licensing), click here. This book is licensed under a Creative Commons by-nc-sa 3.0 license.

See the macbeth act 3 scene devices, license for more details, but that basically means you can share this book as long as you credit the author (but see below), don't make money from it, and do make it available to everyone else under the same terms. This content was accessible as of December 29, 2012, and it was downloaded then by Andy Schmitz in an effort to preserve the availability of this book. Normally, the author and publisher would be credited here. However, the publisher has asked for the customary Creative Commons attribution to the original publisher, authors, title, and Should the Same as Marriage Essay book URI to a major study done at the university of minnesota, twins has found, be removed. Additionally, per the publisher's request, their name has been removed in some passages.

More information is available on this project's attribution page. PDF copies of this book were generated using Prince, a great tool for making PDFs out of HTML and Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay CSS. More details on the process are available in this blog post. For more information on the source of this book, or why it is a major study studying twins raised apart, available for free, please see the Have as Marriage, project's home page. You can browse or download additional books there. You may also download a PDF copy of this book (47 MB) or just this chapter (3 MB), suitable for printing or most e-readers, or a .zip file containing this book's HTML files (for use in of Estonia, a web browser offline). 12.1 Creating a Rough Draft for a Research Paper. Apply strategies for drafting an effective introduction and Civil Have the Same Essay conclusion. Identify when and how to summarize, paraphrase, and directly quote information from research sources. Apply guidelines for citing sources within the body of the paper and the bibliography.

Use primary and secondary research to support ideas. Identify the purposes for which writers use each type of research. At last, you are ready to begin writing the rough draft of your research paper. Business Model? Putting your thinking and research into words is exciting. It can also be challenging. In this section, you will learn strategies for Civil Unions Should, handling the more challenging aspects of writing a research paper, such as integrating material from on Universal Health Care, your sources, citing information correctly, and avoiding any misuse of your sources. The Structure of a Research Paper. Research papers generally follow the same basic structure: an introduction that presents the writers thesis, a body section that develops the thesis with supporting points and evidence, and Civil Unions Status as Marriage a conclusion that revisits the thesis and Essay Health Care provides additional insights or suggestions for further research.

Your writing voice will come across most strongly in your introduction and conclusion, as you work to attract your readers interest and establish your thesis. These sections usually do not cite sources at length. They focus on the big picture, not specific details. In contrast, the body of Should Have the Same as Marriage Essay your paper will cite sources extensively. As you present your ideas, you will support your points with details from your research. There are several approaches to writing an introduction, each of which fulfills the same goals. The introduction should get readers attention, provide background information, and present the pathophysiology, writers thesis.

Many writers like to begin with one of the following catchy openers: A surprising fact A thought-provoking question An attention-getting quote A brief anecdote that illustrates a larger concept A connection between your topic and Civil the Same Status Essay your readers experiences. The next few sentences place the opening in a major study of minnesota, identical twins apart, has found, context by Unions Have the Same Essay, presenting background information. From there, the writer builds toward a thesis, which is traditionally placed at The National Security Concept of Estonia the end of the introduction. Think of your thesis as a signpost that lets readers know in Unions Have the Same Status Essay, what direction the paper is headed.

Jorge decided to begin his research paper by connecting his topic to readers daily experiences. Read the first draft of his introduction. Reason Did Myrtle Give? The thesis is underlined. Note how Jorge progresses from the Unions Have, opening sentences to background information to pathophysiology, his thesis. Beyond the Hype: Evaluating Low-Carb Diets. Over the Unions the Same as Marriage, past decade, increasing numbers of Americans have jumped on the low-carb bandwagon. Some studies estimate that approximately 40 million Americans, or about 20 percent of the population, are attempting to restrict their intake of food high in carbohydrates (Sanders and Katz, 2004; Hirsch, 2004). Proponents of asos business model low-carb diets say they are not only the Unions Status as Marriage, most effective way to lose weight, but they also yield health benefits such as lower blood pressure and improved cholesterol levels. Meanwhile, some doctors claim that low-carb diets are overrated and Essay Health Care caution that their long-term effects are unknown. Although following a low-carbohydrate diet can benefit some people, these diets are not necessarily the best option for Civil Should Status as Marriage, everyone who wants to lose weight or improve their health.

Write the introductory paragraph of model your research paper. Try using one of the techniques listed in this section to write an engaging introduction. Civil Should Have Status Essay? Be sure to include background information about the topic that leads to your thesis. Writers often work out of sequence when writing a research paper. If you find yourself struggling to write an engaging introduction, you may wish to macbeth 2 literary devices, write the Civil Unions Have Status, body of your paper first. Writing the body sections first will help you clarify your main points.

Writing the introduction should then be easier. You may have a better sense of how to study done university of minnesota, studying identical apart, has found, introduce the paper after you have drafted some or all of the body. In your introduction, you tell readers where they are headed. In your conclusion, you recap where they have been. For this reason, some writers prefer to write their conclusions soon after they have written their introduction. However, this method may not work for all writers. Other writers prefer to write their conclusion at the end of the paper, after writing the body paragraphs. Unions Have As Marriage Essay? No process is absolutely right or absolutely wrong; find the one that best suits you. No matter when you compose the pathophysiology, conclusion, it should sum up your main ideas and revisit your thesis. Civil Unions Should Have The Same As Marriage Essay? The conclusion should not simply echo the introduction or rely on bland summary statements, such as In this paper, I have demonstrated that. In fact, avoid repeating your thesis verbatim from the introduction. Of Minnesota, Identical Raised Has Found? Restate it in different words that reflect the new perspective gained through your research.

That helps keep your ideas fresh for Civil Unions Have, your readers. Pathophysiology Of Copd? An effective writer might conclude a paper by asking a new question the Civil Should the Same, research inspired, revisiting an anecdote presented earlier, or reminding readers of how the topic relates to their lives. If your job involves writing or reading scientific papers, it helps to understand how professional researchers use the pathophysiology of copd, structure described in this section. Status? A scientific paper begins with an what reason for marrying george, abstract that briefly summarizes the entire paper. The introduction explains the purpose of the research, briefly summarizes previous research, and Civil Should Essay presents the asos business, researchers hypothesis. The body provides details about the Unions Should Have the Same as Marriage Essay, study, such as who participated in it, what the researchers measured, and what results they recorded. The conclusion presents the researchers interpretation of the Essay on Universal Health Care, data, or what they learned.

Using Source Material in Your Paper. One of the challenges of Civil Unions Should Have the Same Essay writing a research paper is scene successfully integrating your ideas with material from Unions, your sources. Your paper must explain what you think, or it will read like a disconnected string of of Estonia facts and Civil Should the Same Status quotations. Asos Business? However, you also need to support your ideas with research, or they will seem insubstantial. Civil Unions Have The Same Status? How do you strike the right balance? You have already taken a step in pathophysiology, the right direction by writing your introduction.

The introduction and conclusion function like the frame around a picture. They define and limit your topic and place your research in Civil Essay, context. In the body paragraphs of your paper, you will need to integrate ideas carefully at the paragraph level and at the sentence level. You will use topic sentences in done university of minnesota, twins apart,, your paragraphs to Civil the Same, make sure readers understand the significance of any facts, details, or quotations you cite. You will also include sentences that transition between ideas from your research, either within a paragraph or between paragraphs. At the sentence level, you will need to think carefully about how you introduce paraphrased and quoted material. Earlier you learned about summarizing, paraphrasing, and pathophysiology of copd quoting when taking notes. In the next few sections, you will learn how to Have Status, use these techniques in of Estonia, the body of Unions Should Status your paper to weave in source material to support your ideas. When you summarize To concisely restate in ones own words the macbeth act 3 devices, main ideas from a source. material from a source, you zero in on Civil Should Have Status as Marriage Essay the main points and restate them concisely in your own words.

This technique is appropriate when only the major ideas are relevant to your paper or when you need to simplify complex information into a few key points for your readers. Be sure to review the source material as you summarize it. Identify the act 3 scene, main idea and restate it as concisely as you canpreferably in Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage, one sentence. The National Concept Of Estonia Essay? Depending on your purpose, you may also add another sentence or two condensing any important details or examples. Check your summary to make sure it is accurate and Civil Should Have Status as Marriage Essay complete. In his draft, Jorge summarized research materials that presented scientists findings about low-carbohydrate diets. Read the following passage from a trade magazine article and Jorges summary of the article.

Assessing the Efficacy of Low-Carbohydrate Diets. Adrienne Howell, Ph.D. Over the The National Security Concept of Estonia Essay, past few years, a number of clinical studies have explored whether high-protein, low-carbohydrate diets are more effective for weight loss than other frequently recommended diet plans, such as diets that drastically curtail fat intake (Pritikin) or that emphasize consuming lean meats, grains, vegetables, and a moderate amount of unsaturated fats (the Mediterranean diet). A 2009 study found that obese teenagers who followed a low-carbohydrate diet lost an average of 15.6 kilograms over a six-month period, whereas teenagers following a low-fat diet or a Mediterranean diet lost an average of 11.1 kilograms and 9.3 kilograms respectively. Two 2010 studies that measured weight loss for obese adults following these same three diet plans found similar results.

Over three months, subjects on the low-carbohydrate diet plan lost anywhere from four to Civil Should the Same Status as Marriage Essay, six kilograms more than subjects who followed other diet plans. In three recent studies, researchers compared outcomes for obese subjects who followed either a low-carbohydrate diet, a low-fat diet, or a Mediterranean diet and found that subjects following a low-carbohydrate diet lost more weight in the same time (Howell, 2010). A summary restates ideas in scene 2 literary, your own wordsbut for specialized or clinical terms, you may need to use terms that appear in the original source. For instance, Jorge used the term obese in Should Status Essay, his summary because related words such as heavy or overweight have a different clinical meaning. On a separate sheet of paper, practice summarizing by writing a one-sentence summary of the same passage that Jorge already summarized. When you paraphrase To restate ideas or information from sources using ones own words and sentence structures. material from a source, restate the information from an entire sentence or passage in your own words, using your own original sentence structure. A paraphrased source differs from a summarized source in that you focus on restating the ideas, not condensing them. Again, it is important to check your paraphrase against the source material to make sure it is both accurate and original.

Inexperienced writers sometimes use the thesaurus method of paraphrasingthat is, they simply rewrite the source material, replacing most of the words with synonyms. This constitutes a misuse of sources. A true paraphrase restates ideas using the give for marrying, writers own language and style. In his draft, Jorge frequently paraphrased details from sources. At times, he needed to Civil Unions Should Status as Marriage Essay, rewrite a sentence more than once to ensure he was paraphrasing ideas correctly. Read the asos business model, passage from a website. Then read Jorges initial attempt at Should Have Status as Marriage paraphrasing it, followed by the final version of his paraphrase. Dieters nearly always get great results soon after they begin following a low-carbohydrate diet, but these results tend to taper off after the first few months, particularly because many dieters find it difficult to follow a low-carbohydrate diet plan consistently. People usually see encouraging outcomes shortly after they go on a low-carbohydrate diet, but their progress slows down after a short while, especially because most discover that it is a challenge to adhere to the diet strictly (Heinz, 2009).

After reviewing the paraphrased sentence, Jorge realized he was following the original source too closely. He did not want to quote the full passage verbatim, so he again attempted to restate the idea in his own style. Because it is hard for dieters to stick to a low-carbohydrate eating plan, the initial success of these diets is short-lived (Heinz, 2009). On a separate sheet of paper, follow these steps to practice paraphrasing. Choose an important idea or detail from of Estonia, your notes. Without looking at Civil Unions Have the original source, restate the idea in your own words. Check your paraphrase against the original text in The National of Estonia, the source. Civil Have? Make sure both your language and Essay on Universal Health Care your sentence structure are original. Revise your paraphrase if necessary.

Most of the Unions Should the Same Status as Marriage Essay, time, you will summarize or paraphrase source material instead of quoting directly. Doing so shows that you understand your research well enough to write about it confidently in your own words. However, direct quotes can be powerful when used sparingly and with purpose. Quoting directly can sometimes help you make a point in done university identical has found, a colorful way. If an authors words are especially vivid, memorable, or well phrased, quoting them may help hold your readers interest. Direct quotations from an interviewee or an eyewitness may help you personalize an Should Have the Same as Marriage Essay, issue for readers. And when you analyze primary sources, such as a historical speech or a work of literature, quoting extensively is often necessary to illustrate your points. These are valid reasons to use quotations. Less experienced writers, however, sometimes overuse direct quotations in a research paper because it seems easier than paraphrasing. At best, this reduces the effectiveness of the quotations.

At worst, it results in a paper that seems haphazardly pasted together from outside sources. Use quotations sparingly for what, greater impact. When you do choose to Have the Same as Marriage, quote directly from a source, follow these guidelines: Make sure you have transcribed the macbeth scene 2 literary devices, original statement accurately. Represent the authors ideas honestly. Quote enough of the original text to reflect the authors point accurately. Never use a stand-alone quotation. Always integrate the quoted material into your own sentence. Use ellipses () if you need to omit a word or phrase.

Use brackets [ ] if you need to replace a word or phrase. Make sure any omissions or changed words do not alter the meaning of the original text. Civil Should Have Status? Omit or replace words only pathophysiology of copd when absolutely necessary to Should the Same Status Essay, shorten the text or to make it grammatically correct within your sentence. Pathophysiology? Remember to Should the Same Status Essay, include correctly formatted citations that follow the The National Security of Estonia Essay, assigned style guide. Jorge interviewed a dietician as part of his research, and Have the Same as Marriage Essay he decided to act 3 devices, quote her words in his paper. Read an Should as Marriage, excerpt from the interview and Jorges use of it, which follows. Personally, I dont really buy into all of the model, hype about low-carbohydrate miracle diets like Atkins and so on. Sure, for some people, they are great, but for most, any sensible eating and exercise plan would work just as well. Registered dietician Dana Kwon (2010) admits, Personally, I dont really buy into all of the Unions Should the Same as Marriage Essay, hype.Sure, for some people, [low-carbohydrate diets] are great, but for most, any sensible eating and exercise plan would work just as well.. Notice how Jorge smoothly integrated the at the university of minnesota, studying identical has found, quoted material by starting the sentence with an introductory phrase.

His use of ellipses and brackets did not change the Unions Should the Same Status Essay, sources meaning. Throughout the writing process, be scrupulous about documenting information taken from sources. The purpose of doing so is twofold: To give credit to other writers or researchers for pathophysiology, their ideas To allow your reader to Unions Have the Same Essay, follow up and learn more about the topic if desired. You will cite sources within the body of pathophysiology of copd your paper and at the end of the paper in the Same as Marriage, your bibliography. For this assignment, you will use the Essay Health, citation format used by the American Psychological Association (also known as APA style). For information on the format used by the Modern Language Association (MLA style), see Chapter 13 APA and MLA Documentation and Civil Unions Should Status Formatting. Citing Sources in Essay Health Care, the Body of Civil Unions Should Status Essay Your Paper.

In-text citations Instances in which use of source material is documented in the body text of the research paper. In-text citations must have corresponding sources listed in the references section. document your sources within the did myrtle give for marrying, body of your paper. These include two vital pieces of information: the authors name and the year the the Same Status as Marriage, source material was published. When quoting a print source, also include in the citation the page number where the quoted material originally appears. The page number will follow the year in the in-text citation. Page numbers are necessary only when content has been directly quoted, not when it has been summarized or paraphrased.

Within a paragraph, this information may appear as part of your introduction to the material or as a parenthetical citation at the end of what reason did myrtle give wilson a sentence. Read the examples that follow. For more information about in-text citations for other source types, see Chapter 13 APA and MLA Documentation and Formatting. Leibowitz (2008) found that low-carbohydrate diets often helped subjects with Type II diabetes maintain a healthy weight and control blood-sugar levels. The introduction to the source material includes the authors name followed by the year of publication in parentheses.

Low-carbohydrate diets often help subjects with Type II diabetes maintain a healthy weight and control blood-sugar levels (Leibowitz, 2008). The parenthetical citation at the end of the sentence includes the authors name, a comma, and Unions Have Status as Marriage the year the source was published. The period at the end of the sentence comes after the parentheses. Each of the sources you cite in the body text will appear in a references list A list of model sources used in Civil Unions Should the Same, a research paper that provides detailed bibliographical information. at Security the end of Should Have Status as Marriage your paper. While in-text citations provide the most basic information about the source, your references section will include additional publication details. In general, you will include the following information: The authors last name followed by his or her first (and sometimes middle) initial The year the source was published The source title For articles in periodicals, the full name of the periodical, along with the volume and issue number and the pages where the article appeared. Additional information may be included for The National Security, different types of sources, such as online sources.

For a detailed guide to APA or MLA citations, see Chapter 13 APA and MLA Documentation and Formatting. Civil Unions Should Have Status Essay? A sample reference list is provided with the final draft of Jorges paper later in this chapter. Using Primary and Secondary Research. As you write your draft, be mindful of how you are using primary and secondary source material to support your points. Recall that primary sources present firsthand information.

Secondary sources are one step removed from primary sources. They present a writers analysis or interpretation of primary source materials. How you balance primary and secondary source material in did myrtle, your paper will depend on the topic and assignment. Using Primary Sources Effectively. Some types of research papers must use primary sources extensively to Should the Same as Marriage Essay, achieve their purpose. Any paper that analyzes a primary text or presents the writers own experimental research falls in this category. A Major Study Done Of Minnesota, Studying Apart, Has Found? Here are a few examples:

A paper for a literature course analyzing several poems by Civil Unions Have the Same Essay, Emily Dickinson A paper for a political science course comparing televised speeches delivered by Security Concept of Estonia, two presidential candidates A paper for a communications course discussing gender biases in television commercials A paper for a business administration course that discusses the results of a survey the Unions Status Essay, writer conducted with local businesses to gather information about their work-from-home and flextime policies A paper for an elementary education course that discusses the macbeth scene devices, results of an experiment the writer conducted to compare the Civil the Same Status Essay, effectiveness of two different methods of mathematics instruction. For these types of papers, primary research is the main focus. If you are writing about a work (including nonprint works, such as a movie or a painting), it is crucial to gather information and ideas from the original work, rather than relying solely on others interpretations. And, of course, if you take the what reason wilson, time to Civil Unions Have the Same Status as Marriage, design and model conduct your own field research, such as a survey, a series of interviews, or an Civil as Marriage, experiment, you will want to discuss it in detail. For example, the interviews may provide interesting responses that you want to of minnesota, studying identical raised has found, share with your reader. Using Secondary Sources Effectively. For some assignments, it makes sense to rely more on secondary sources than primary sources. If you are not analyzing a text or conducting your own field research, you will need to use secondary sources extensively. As much as possible, use secondary sources that are closely linked to Civil Unions Should the Same as Marriage Essay, primary research, such as a journal article presenting the results of the authors scientific study or a book that cites interviews and case studies. These sources are more reliable and add more value to what reason for marrying, your paper than sources that are further removed from primary research. For instance, a popular magazine article on Civil Unions the Same Status junk-food addiction might be several steps removed from the original scientific study on which it is Essay Health loosely based.

As a result, the article may distort, sensationalize, or misinterpret the scientists findings. Even if your paper is largely based on primary sources, you may use secondary sources to develop your ideas. For instance, an analysis of Alfred Hitchcocks films would focus on Civil Should Status Essay the films themselves as a primary source, but might also cite commentary from critics. A paper that presents an original experiment would include some discussion of similar prior research in the field. Jorge knew he did not have the time, resources, or experience needed to conduct original experimental research for his paper. Because he was relying on secondary sources to support his ideas, he made a point of citing sources that were not far removed from on Universal Health, primary research.

Some sources could be considered primary or secondary sources, depending on the writers purpose for using them. For instance, if a writers purpose is to inform readers about how the Unions Should Essay, No Child Left Behind legislation has affected elementary education, a Time magazine article on the subject would be a secondary source. Security Concept Of Estonia? However, suppose the writers purpose is to analyze how the news media has portrayed the effects of the Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay, No Child Left Behind legislation. In that case, articles about the legislation in news magazines like Time , Newsweek , and US News World Report would be primary sources. They provide firsthand examples of the media coverage the act 3 2 literary devices, writer is analyzing. Your research paper presents your thinking about a topic, supported and developed by other peoples ideas and information.

It is crucial to always distinguish between the twoas you conduct research, as you plan your paper, and as you write. Have The Same As Marriage Essay? Failure to do so can lead to plagiarism. Intentional and Accidental Plagiarism. Plagiarism The practice of using someones words or ideas without acknowledging the source. Plagiarism may be deliberate or may occur unintentionally through careless use of source material. is the act of misrepresenting someone elses work as your own. Sometimes a writer plagiarizes work on reason did myrtle give for marrying purposefor instance, by purchasing an essay from Unions Should the Same Status as Marriage Essay, a website and submitting it as original course work. In other cases, a writer may commit accidental plagiarism due to pathophysiology of copd, carelessness, haste, or misunderstanding. To avoid unintentional plagiarism, follow these guidelines:

Understand what types of Have the Same Essay information must be cited. Understand what constitutes fair use of a source. Keep source materials and notes carefully organized. The National Concept Of Estonia? Follow guidelines for summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting sources. Any idea or fact taken from an Civil Unions Should Status as Marriage, outside source must be cited, in both the body of your paper and the references list. Essay? The only exceptions are facts or general statements that are common knowledge. Common-knowledge facts or general statements are commonly supported by and found in multiple sources. For example, a writer would not need to cite the statement that most breads, pastas, and cereals are high in carbohydrates; this is well known and well documented. However, if a writer explained in Civil Unions Should Have the Same Status, detail the what give george, differences among the chemical structures of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, a citation would be necessary. When in doubt, cite.

In recent years, issues related to the fair use of sources have been prevalent in popular culture. Recording artists, for example, may disagree about the extent to which one has the right to Status, sample anothers music. For academic purposes, however, the macbeth scene, guidelines for fair use are reasonably straightforward. Writers may quote from or paraphrase material from previously published works without formally obtaining the copyright holders permission. Fair use A legitimate use of brief quotations from source material to support and Have Status as Marriage develop a writers ideas. means that the writer legitimately uses brief excerpts from source material to support and develop his or her own ideas. For instance, a columnist may excerpt a few sentences from a novel when writing a book review.

However, quoting or paraphrasing anothers work at excessive length, to The National Security Concept of Estonia, the extent that large sections of the Unions Have Status as Marriage Essay, writing are unoriginal, is not fair use. As he worked on his draft, Jorge was careful to cite his sources correctly and not to asos model, rely excessively on any one source. Occasionally, however, he caught himself quoting a source at great length. In those instances, he highlighted the paragraph in question so that he could go back to it later and revise. Read the example, along with Jorges revision. Heinz (2009) found that subjects in Civil Unions Should Have the Same Status, the low-carbohydrate group (30% carbohydrates; 40% protein, 30% fat) had a mean weight loss of 10 kg (22 lbs) over a 4-month period. These results were noticeably better than results for subjects on a low-fat diet (45% carbohydrates, 35% protein, 20% fat) whose average weight loss was only 7 kg (15.4 lbs) in the same period. From this, it can be concluded that low-carbohydrate diets obtain more rapid results. Other researchers agree that at least in the short term, patients following low-carbohydrate diets enjoy greater success than those who follow alternative plans (Johnson Crowe, 2010). After reviewing the paragraph, Jorge realized that he had drifted into what give, unoriginal writing. Most of the Civil Have the Same Status as Marriage, paragraph was taken verbatim from a single article. Reason Did Myrtle Give George Wilson? Although Jorge had enclosed the material in quotation marks, he knew it was not an appropriate way to use the research in Have the Same Status as Marriage, his paper. Low-carbohydrate diets may indeed be superior to what reason give, other diet plans for Civil Have Essay, short-term weight loss.

In a study comparing low-carbohydrate diets and low-fat diets, Heinz (2009) found that subjects who followed a low-carbohydrate plan (30% of total calories) for 4 months lost, on average, about model, 3 kilograms more than subjects who followed a low-fat diet for the same time. Heinz concluded that these plans yield quick results, an idea supported by a similar study conducted by Johnson and Crowe (2010). What remains to be seen, however, is Civil the Same Status as Marriage Essay whether this initial success can be sustained for longer periods. As Jorge revised the paragraph, he realized he did not need to study university studying identical raised, quote these sources directly. Instead, he paraphrased their most important findings. He also made sure to include a topic sentence stating the main idea of the paragraph and a concluding sentence that transitioned to the next major topic in Unions Should the Same Status as Marriage, his essay. Disorganization and on Universal carelessness sometimes lead to plagiarism.

For instance, a writer may be unable to provide a complete, accurate citation if he didnt record bibliographical information. Unions The Same As Marriage Essay? A writer may cut and paste a passage from university of minnesota, raised, a website into her paper and later forget where the material came from. A writer who procrastinates may rush through a draft, which easily leads to sloppy paraphrasing and inaccurate quotations. Any of these actions can create the appearance of plagiarism and lead to negative consequences. Carefully organizing your time and notes is the Civil Unions Should Have Status as Marriage, best guard against study studying raised these forms of plagiarism. Maintain a detailed working bibliography and thorough notes throughout the research process. Check original sources again to Civil Unions Should the Same Essay, clear up any uncertainties. Allow plenty of time for writing your draft so there is no temptation to pathophysiology, cut corners. Citing other peoples work appropriately is just as important in the workplace as it is in school.

If you need to Have Status, consult outside sources to research a document you are creating, follow the general guidelines already discussed, as well as any industry-specific citation guidelines. For more extensive use of others workfor instance, requesting permission to link to another companys website on your own corporate websitealways follow your employers established procedures. The concepts and strategies discussed in this section of Chapter 12 Writing a Research Paper connect to a larger issueacademic integrity. You maintain your integrity as a member of an academic community by representing your work and others work honestly and by using other peoples work only in legitimately accepted ways. What Reason Give For Marrying George? It is a point of honor taken seriously in every academic discipline and Unions Have as Marriage Essay career field. Academic integrity violations have serious educational and professional consequences.

Even when cheating and plagiarism go undetected, they still result in a students failure to learn necessary research and writing skills. Asos Business? Students who are found guilty of academic integrity violations face consequences ranging from a failing grade to expulsion from the university. Employees may be fired for plagiarism and do irreparable damage to their professional reputation. The Same? In short, it is never worth the done studying raised, risk.

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Subchapter B. PERMITS, TRANSFERS AND OBJECTIONS. 78.12. Compliance with permit. 78.14. Transfer of well ownership or change of address. 78.16. Accelerated permit review. 78.18. Disposal and enhanced recovery well permits. 78.19. Civil Have The Same Status? Permit application fee schedule.

78.21. Opportunity for objections and The National Security Concept of Estonia Essay conferences; surface landowners. 78.22. Objections by owner or operator of coal mine. 78.23. Time for filing objections by owner or operator of Civil Unions the Same as Marriage Essay, coal mine. 78.24. Information to pathophysiology, be provided with objections by owner or operator of coal mine. 78.26.

Agreement at conference. 78.27. Continuation of conference. 78.28. Final action if objections do not proceed to panel. 78.29. Composition of panel. 78.30. Jurisdiction of Civil Should Status, panel. 78.31. Scheduling of meeting by the panel.

78.32. Recommendation by the panel. 78.33. Effect of panel on time for permit issuance. (a) No person may drill or alter a well unless that person has first obtained a permit from the scene 2 literary Department. (b) No person may operate a well unless one of the following conditions has been met: (1) The person has obtained a permit under the act. (2) The person has registered the well under the act. (3) The well was in operation on April 18, 1985, under a permit that was obtained under the Gas Operations Well-Drilling Petroleum and Civil the Same Essay Coal Mining Act (52 P. S. 2104, 2208, 2601 and 2602) (Repealed). The provisions of business, this 78.11 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code 78.18 (relating to Unions Should the Same Essay, disposal and enhanced recovery well permits). A person may not drill, alter or operate an oil or gas well except in accordance with a permit or registration issued under the act and in compliance with the terms and conditions of the permit, this chapter and the statutes under which it was promulgated. A copy of the study university studying permit shall be kept at Should Have the Same Status the well site during drilling or alteration of a well. The provisions of this 78.12 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138804). (a) No transfer, assignment or sale of rights granted under a permit or registration may be made without prior written approval of the Department. Macbeth Act 3 Scene 2 Literary Devices? Permit transfers may be denied for Unions Should Have the Same Status Essay the reasons set forth in section 201(e)(4) and (5) of the pathophysiology of copd act (58 P. Unions As Marriage? S. 601.201(e)(4) and of copd (5)). (b) The Department may require the Civil Should Have the Same Essay transferee to fulfill the drilling, plugging, well site restoration, water supply replacement and other requirements of the act, regardless of whether the transferor commenced the activity and regardless of whether the transferor failed to properly perform the transferor#146;s obligations under the act. The provisions of this 78.13 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. 78.14.

Transfer of well ownership or change of address. (a) Within 30 days after the sale, assignment, transfer, conveyance or exchange of a well, the new owner or operator shall notify the Department, in writing, of the what reason did myrtle give for marrying wilson transfer of ownership. (b) The notice shall include the following information: (1) The names, addresses and telephone numbers of the former and Have the Same Essay new owner, and Essay on Universal Health the agent if applicable. (2) The well permit or registration number. (3) The effective date of the transfer of ownership. (4) An application for a well permit transfer if there is a change in the well operator. (c) The permittee shall notify the Department of Civil Unions Have the Same Status as Marriage, a change in Security of Estonia, address or name within 30 days of the change.

The provisions of Unions Have as Marriage Essay, this 78.14 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 1234. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (193955) to (193956). (a) An application for a well permit shall be submitted on forms furnished by business model the Department and contain the information required by the Department to evaluate the application. (b) The permit application will not be considered complete until the applicant submits a complete and Should Have the Same Essay accurate plat, an approvable bond or other means of complying with section 215 of the act (58 P. S. Essay Health Care? 601.215), the fee in Civil the Same as Marriage Essay, compliance with 78.19 (relating to permit application fee schedule), proof of notification, necessary requests for variance or waivers or other documents required to study done at the university identical has found, be furnished by law or the Department.

The person named in the permit shall be the same person named in Civil Unions Have the Same Status as Marriage, the bond or other security. The provisions of this 78.15 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended April 17, 2009, effective April 18, 2009, 39 Pa.B. 1982. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (276300). In cases of hardship, an The National Security Essay, operator may request an Unions Status Essay, accelerated review of on Universal, a well permit application. For the purposes of this section, hardship includes cases where immediate action is necessary to protect public health or safety, to Unions Have the Same Essay, control pollution or to act 3 scene 2 literary devices, effect other environmental or safety measures, and extraordinary circumstances beyond the Unions Should the Same Status as Marriage Essay control of the operator. Permits issued shall be consistent with the requirements of the act. The provisions of this 78.16 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. An operator may request a 1-year renewal of a well permit. The request shall be accompanied by a permit fee, the surcharge required in section 601 of the act (58 P. S. 601.601), and an affidavit affirming that the pathophysiology information on the original application is still accurate and complete, that the well location restrictions are still met and that the Unions Should the Same Status as Marriage Essay surface owners, coal owners and operators, gas storage operators, where the permit renewal is for a proposed well location within an underground gas storage reservoir or the The National reservoir protective area, and water supply owners within 1,000 feet have been notified of this request for renewal. The request shall be received by the Department at least 15 calendar days prior to Unions Should Have as Marriage, the expiration of the macbeth act 3 devices original permit. The provisions of Unions the Same Status, this 78.17 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. What Reason Wilson? 3229; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (263008).

78.18. Disposal and enhanced recovery well permits. (a) A person may not drill a disposal or enhanced recovery well or alter an Should Status as Marriage Essay, existing well to be a disposal or enhanced recovery well unless the person: (1) Obtains a well permit under 78.11 (relating to permit requirements). (2) Submits with the well permit application a copy of the well permit, approved permit application and required related documentation submitted for the disposal or enhanced recovery well to the EPA under 40 CFR Part 146 (relating to underground injection control program). (3) Submits a copy of Security Concept of Estonia, a control and disposal plan for Civil Unions the Same Essay the disposal or enhanced recovery well and related facilities that meets the requirements of 91.34 (relating to activities utilizing pollutants). (4) Submits a copy of an erosion and sedimentation plan for the disposal or enhanced recovery well site that meets the requirements of Chapter 102 and 78.53 (relating to erosion and sediment control; and erosion and what reason for marrying wilson sedimentation control). (b) By December 18, 1995, an operator of disposal or enhanced recovery wells which were operating before December 18, 1995, shall submit to the Department a list of the operator#146;s disposal or enhanced recovery wells including: (1) The Department#146;s permit or registration number for each well on this list. (2) The corresponding permit number issued to each well on Civil the Same as Marriage, this list by the EPA. (c) A person who operates multiple well projects may submit one copy of the documents required under subsection (a) if the documents are applicable to the entire project. The provisions of this 78.18 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B.

6284. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78a.18 (relating to disposal and enhanced recovery well permits); and 25 Pa. Code 95.10 (relating to treatment requirements for new and expanding mass loadings of Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)). 78.19. Asos Model? Permit application fee schedule. (a) An applicant shall pay a permit application fee according to the following schedule: (b) An applicant for a conventional well exceeding 12,000 feet in Civil Unions Should Have Status as Marriage Essay, total well bore length shall pay a permit application fee of $1,950 + $100 for a major at the university of minnesota, identical apart, every 500 feet the well bore extends over Should Have as Marriage Essay 12,000 feet. Fees shall be rounded to the nearest 500-foot interval under this subsection. (c) If, when drilled, the total well bore length of the conventional well exceeds the length specified in the permit application due to target formation being deeper than anticipated at the time of reason for marrying george, application submittal, the operator shall pay the difference between the amount paid as part of the permit application and the amount required under subsections (a) and (b).

(d) An applicant for a conventional well with a well bore length of 1,500 feet or less for home use shall pay a permit application fee of Civil the Same Status, $200. (e) At least every 3 years, the Department will provide the EQB with an evaluation of the fees in this chapter and recommend regulatory changes to the EQB to address any disparity between the program income generated by the fees and the Department#146;s cost of administering the program with the scene 2 literary devices objective of ensuring fees meet all program costs and Civil Unions the Same Status as Marriage programs are self-sustaining. The provisions of this 78.19 amended under sections 201(d) and wilson 604 of the Oil and Gas Act (58 P.S. Should Have The Same Status Essay? 601.201(d) and 601.604) (Repealed); sections 1917-A and study done at the university raised apart, 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P.S. 510-17 and 510-20); 58 Pa.C.S. 3202, 3211(d), 3215(e), 3218(a), 3218.2(a)(4), 3218.4(c) and 3274; section 5 of The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. 691.5); section 105 of the Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. 6018.105); section 5 of the Dam Safety and Encroachments Act (32 P.S. 693.5); section 104 of the Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (35 P.S. 6026.104); sections 301 and 302 of the Civil Should the Same as Marriage Radiation Protection Act (35 P.S. For Marrying George Wilson? 7110.301 and 7110.302); section 3 of the Unconventional Well Report Act (58 P.S. 1003); and section 13.2 of the act of July 10, 2014 (P.L. Should Essay? 1053, No. 126) adding section 1741.1-E of The Fiscal Code (72 P.S. 1741.1-E). The provisions of this 78.19 adopted April 17, 2009, effective April 18, 2009, 39 Pa.B. Concept Essay? 1982; amended October 23, 2009, effective October 24, 2009, 39 Pa.B. 6232; amended June 13, 2014, effective June 14, 2014, 44 Pa.B. Unions Should The Same Status As Marriage Essay? 3517; amended October 7, 2016, effective October 8, 2016, 46 Pa.B. Pathophysiology? 6431.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (372299) to Unions Should the Same, (372300). This section cited in 25 Pa. Essay On Universal Care? Code 78.15 (relating to application requirements). 78.21. Opportunity for Civil Unions Have the Same Status objections and conferences; surface landowners. (a) The surface landowner of the tract on which the proposed well is located may object to what did myrtle give george, the well location based on Have the Same Essay, the assertion that the well location violates section 205 of the act (58 P. S. 601.205) or on the basis that the information in Essay on Universal Health, the application is untrue in a material respect, and request a conference under section 501 of the act (58 P. S. 601.501).

(b) The objection and request for a conference shall be filed in writing with the Should Have Essay Department within 15 calendar days of receipt of the wilson plat by the surface landowner. The objection shall contain the following: (1) The name, address and telephone number of the person submitting the objection. (2) The name of the well operator, and the name and Unions Status Essay number of the proposed well. (3) A statement of the objection and a request for a conference if a conference is being requested. The provisions of asos model, this 78.21 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. 78.22. Objections by owner or operator of coal mine. The owner or operator of an as Marriage Essay, operating coal mine or a coal mine already projected and platted, but not yet being operated, may file written objections to a proposed well location with the what give for marrying wilson Department if the following apply: (1) The well, when drilled, would penetrate within the outside coal boundaries of such a mine or within 1,000 feet beyond the boundaries. (2) In the opinion of the owner or operator, the Civil Unions the Same as Marriage Essay well will unduly interfere with or endanger the mine or persons working in the mine. The provisions of this 78.22 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). 78.23. Time for filing objections by owner or operator of coal mine. (a) A coal mine owner or operator who objects to a proposed gas well for financial considerations, and wishes to go before a panel with an objection over which the panel has jurisdiction, shall file objections to on Universal Care, a proposed gas well within 10-calendar days of the receipt of the plat. (b) A coal mine owner or operator who does not wish to go before a panel with an objection over which the panel has jurisdiction, or who is Unions Should Have the Same as Marriage Essay, not raising financial objections to Essay on Universal Care, the proposed gas well, shall file objections to a proposed oil or gas well within 15 calendar days of the receipt of the Civil Unions the Same Essay plat.

The provisions of this 78.23 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Asos Business? Code 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). 78.24. Information to be provided with objections by owner or operator of coal mine.

(a) The objections shall be filed in Unions Have Status, writing and shall contain the macbeth act 3 scene 2 literary devices following information, if applicable: (1) The name, address and telephone number of the person filing the Civil Have objection, and the date on which a copy of the plat was received. (2) The name and address of the applicant for Security of Estonia Essay the well permit and the name and number of the well. (3) The type of well#151;for example, oil, gas, injection and the like#151;that is the subject of the objections. (4) The location of the well in relation to the coal owned or operated by the objecting party. (5) The area through which the well will be drilled, specifically: (i) Whether the well will be drilled through a mining area that is Civil Status, projected, platted or permitted, but not yet being operated. (ii) Whether the well will be drilled through a perimeter area. (iii) Whether the well will penetrate a workable coal seam. (iv) Whether the well will be located above an active mine. (v) Whether the well will penetrate an operating mine. (6) A copy of the Security Concept of Estonia Essay plans, maps or projections of the Civil Should the Same Status as Marriage Essay mining area underlying the proposed gas well showing the location of the proposed well. (7) Whether the owner or operator believes that the well will pose undue interference or endangerment to the mine, and the nature of the threat.

(8) The financial impact posed by the well, to which objections may be heard by a panel under 78.30 (relating to at the university twins raised has found, jurisdiction of panel). (9) Whether the well will violate the act, the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. 501#151;518) or another applicable law administered by the Department. (b) The objections shall include an alternate location, if possible, on the tract of the well operator that would overcome the objections or at which the interference would be minimized. The Department is not bound to consider alternate locations that are proposed after the close of the first conference. The provisions of this 78.24 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). (a) If a timely objection to Civil Unions Have the Same as Marriage Essay, the location is filed by the coal owner or operator under 78.22#151;78.24 (relating to objections by did myrtle give for marrying owner or operator of Should Status Essay, coal mine; time for filing objections by owner or operator of coal mine; and at the identical twins apart, has found information to be provided with objections by owner or operator of Unions Should as Marriage Essay, coal mine), or if objections are made by the Department, the Department will fix a time and Concept of Estonia Essay place for a conference within 10 calendar days from the date of Civil Unions Should Have Essay, service of the objections upon the well operator, unless all parties agree to an extension of of copd, time for the conference. (b) The Department may decide not to hold a conference if it determines that the Civil Unions Should the Same as Marriage objections are not valid or if the objection is resolved. (c) The Department will attempt to schedule the conference as late as possible in Care, the 10-day period if the well is subject to Civil Unions Status as Marriage, the Coal and study done at the university of minnesota, studying Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. 501#151;518). The Department will not schedule a conference under section 202 of the act (58 P. S. 601.202) if it receives written notice that the gas well operator or the coal mine owner or operator has made a written request to convene a panel to Civil Unions Should Status, resolve objections to the location of a gas well over which a panel has jurisdiction in accordance with 78.29#151;78.33. (d) The conference shall be governed by 78.26#151;78.28 (relating to agreement at conference; continuation of conference; and final action if objections do not proceed to panel). (e) The Department or a person having a direct interest in what give george, the subject matter of the act may request a conference any time to Unions Should Status Essay, attempt to resolve by mutual agreement a matter arising under the pathophysiology of copd act. The provisions of this 78.25 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.30 (relating to Unions Should Have Status as Marriage, jurisdiction of panel). (a) If the parties reach an agreement at the conference, and if the Department approves the location, the Department will cause the agreement to be reduced to writing. (b) If the Department does not reject the agreement within 10 calendar days after the agreement is reduced to writing, the agreement becomes effective. (c) An agreement reached at the conference shall be consistent with the requirements of the act and applicable statutes. An agreement that is not in accordance with the act, the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. 501#151;518) and applicable law shall be deemed to be null and void. The provisions of this 78.26 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in asos model, 25 Pa. Code 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general).

The Department may continue the conference for good cause. Good cause includes one or more of the following: (1) The need for supplemental data, maps or surveys. (2) The need to verify that the Unions as Marriage agreement or a proposed well location is consistent with the requirements of the what act, the Civil Coal and devices Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P.S. Unions Should Have The Same? 501#151;518) and other applicable requirements. (3) The need for the presence of essential witnesses whose unavailability is macbeth 2 literary, due to Civil as Marriage, good cause. (4) The need for further investigation into the allegations that are the basis for the objections. (5) Agreement by all parties that a continuance is business, beneficial to the resolution of the Unions objections. The provisions of this 78.27 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229.

This section cited in pathophysiology, 25 Pa. Code 78.25 (relating to Civil Unions Should, conferences#151;general). 78.28. Final action if objections do not proceed to panel. If the model panel does not have jurisdiction of the objections, under 78.30 (relating to jurisdiction of panel), or if the panel has jurisdiction but the Unions Should Have the Same Status parties choose not to proceed to a panel, the pathophysiology of copd Department may proceed to issue or deny the permit, under sections 201 and 202 of the act (58 P. S. 601.201 and Civil Unions Have Status as Marriage Essay 601.202). Macbeth 2 Literary Devices? No permit will be issued for a well at a location that in Civil the Same, the opinion of the Department would endanger the business safety of persons working in a coal mine. The provisions of this 78.28 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Civil The Same Status As Marriage Essay? 3229.

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). (a) If the gas well operator and done at the university of minnesota, studying has found the objecting coal owner or operator are unable to agree upon a drilling location, and the gas well is subject to Civil Have Status Essay, the jurisdiction of a panel under 78.30 (relating to jurisdiction of panel), the well operator or a coal owner or operator may convene a panel. (b) The panel shall consist of one person selected by the objecting coal owners or operators, a second person selected by the permit applicant and a third selected by these two. (c) The parties shall submit their positions to the panel within such time as the panel prescribes, in accordance with section 12 of the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. 512). The provisions of this 78.29 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). (a) A panel shall hear objections by the owner or operator of the coal mining area only if the proposed gas well is not subject to the Oil and Gas Conservation Law (58 P. S. 401#151;419) and one of the following applies: (1) The well will be drilled through an area that is projected and permitted, but not yet being operated. (2) The well will be drilled through a perimeter area.

(3) The well will penetrate a workable coal seam, and will be located above an active mine, but will not penetrate an operating mine. (b) The panel shall hear only objections that were filed by the owner or operator of the mining areas set forth in subsection (a). (c) If after a conference in accordance with 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general), the Department has unresolved objections, the panel does not have jurisdiction to asos business model, convene or to hear objections. The provisions of this 78.30 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in Civil Unions, 25 Pa. Code 78.24 (relating to information to be provided with objections by owner or operator of coal mine); 25 Pa. Code 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general); 25 Pa. Code 78.28 (relating to Health Care, final action if objections do not proceed to panel); and 25 Pa.

Code 78.29 (relating to composition of panel). 78.31. Scheduling of meeting by the panel. The panel shall convene a meeting within 10-calendar days of the panel chairperson#146;s receipt of the Same as Marriage, a written request to do so by the permit applicant or by the objecting coal owner or operator. The provisions of this 78.31 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229.

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general); and 25 Pa. Code 78.32 (relating to recommendation by macbeth act 3 the panel). (a) The panel shall make its recommendation of where the proposed well should be located, based upon the financial considerations of the Civil Should the Same Essay parties. (b) The panel shall make its recommendation within 10-calendar days of the close of the meeting held under 78.31 (relating to The National of Estonia, scheduling of meeting by the panel). (c) If the Department determines that the Civil Unions Should Status Essay first recommended location endangers a mine or the public, it will reject the location and notify the panel to make another recommendation. The panel shall submit another recommended location to did myrtle, the Department within 10 calendar days of the Department#146;s notification. (d) If the Department determines that the second recommended location endangers a mine or the public, the Department may designate a location where it has determined that the well will not unduly interfere with or endanger the mine or the public and issue a permit for the well at Essay that designated location. However, if the Department has not designated such a location, and if the Department determines that a well drilled at any proposed or panel-recommended alternate location will unduly interfere with or endanger the mine or the public, it will deny the act 3 devices permit. (e) No permit will be issued for a well at a location that would, in the opinion of the Department, endanger the safety of persons working in a coal mine. The provisions of Civil Unions Should Status Essay, this 78.32 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). 78.33. Effect of what reason wilson, panel on time for permit issuance. The period of time during which the objections are being considered by a full panel is the Same Status Essay, not included in study at the university of minnesota, twins has found, the 45-day period for the issuance or denial of a permit under section 201(e) of the act (58 P.S. 601.201(e)). The provisions of Unions Should Have Status, this 78.33 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Pathophysiology Of Copd? 3229.

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.25 (relating to Unions Should Have Status Essay, conferences#151;general). Subchapter C. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION. 78.51. Protection of water supplies. 78.52.

Predrilling or prealteration survey. 78.53. Erosion and sediment control. 78.55. Control and disposal planning. 78.56. Pits and tanks for temporary containment. 78.57. Control, storage and disposal of production fluids. 78.58. Existing pits used for the control, storage and disposal of production fluids.

78.61. Scene 2 Literary Devices? Disposal of drill cuttings. 78.62. Disposal of Civil Should, residual waste#151;pits. 78.63. Disposal of what did myrtle give, residual waste#151;land application. 78.64. Containment around oil tanks. 78.51. Protection of water supplies. (a) A well operator who affects a public or private water supply by pollution or diminution shall restore or replace the affected supply with an Civil Essay, alternate source of water adequate in The National, quantity and quality for the purposes served by Unions Have the Same as Marriage the supply as determined by the Department.

(b) A landowner, water purveyor or affected person suffering pollution or diminution of a water supply as a result of drilling, altering or operating an oil or gas well may so notify the Department and request that an investigation be conducted. On Universal? The notice and request must include the following: (1) The name, address and telephone number of the person requesting the investigation. (2) The type, location and use of the water supply. (3) Available background quality and quantity data regarding the water supply, if known. (4) Well depth, pump setting and water level, if known. (5) A description of the pollution or diminution. (c) Within 10 days of the receipt of the investigation request, the Department will investigate the claim and will, within 45 days of Unions Should Have the Same, receipt of the a major done at the university of minnesota, twins apart, has found request, make a determination. Have As Marriage? If the Department finds that pollution or diminution was caused by the drilling, alteration or operation activities or if it presumes the well operator responsible for polluting the water supply of the landowner or water purveyor under section 208(c) of the act (58 P. S. 601.208(c)), the Department will issue orders to the well operator necessary to assure compliance with this section. (d) A restored or replaced water supply includes any well, spring, public water system or other water supply approved by the Department, which meets the criteria for adequacy as follows: (1) Reliability, cost, maintenance and control. Of Copd? A restored or replaced water supply, at Civil Should Have the Same Essay a minimum, must: (i) Be as reliable as the previous water supply.

(ii) Be as permanent as the previous water supply. (iii) Not require excessive maintenance. (iv) Provide the water user with as much control and accessibility as exercised over the previous water supply. (v) Not result in a major done at the studying identical, increased costs to operate and Unions Should Have Status maintain. If the operating and maintenance costs of the restored or replaced water supply are increased, the operator shall provide for Essay Care permanent payment of the increased operating and Unions the Same Status maintenance costs of the restored or replaced water supply. (2) Quality. The quality of a restored or replaced water supply will be deemed adequate if it meets the standards established under the pathophysiology Pennsylvania Safe Drinking Water Act (35 P. S. 721.1#151;721.17), or is comparable to the quality of the water supply before it was affected by the operator if that water supply did not meet these standards. (3) Adequate quantity. A restored or replaced water supply will be deemed adequate in Unions Should, quantity if it meets one of the following as determined by a major study twins raised has found the Department: (i) It delivers the amount of water necessary to Unions Should as Marriage, satisfy the water user#146;s needs and on Universal Health Care the demands of any reasonably foreseeable uses.

(ii) It is established through a connection to a public water supply system that is capable of delivering the amount of water necessary to Civil Unions Should Status, satisfy the water user#146;s needs and the demands of any reasonably foreseeable uses. (iii) For purposes of this paragraph and with respect to pathophysiology, agricultural water supplies, the term reasonably foreseeable uses includes the reasonable expansion of use where the water supply available prior to drilling exceeded the actual use. (4) Water source serviceability. Replacement of a water supply includes providing plumbing, conveyance, pumping or auxiliary equipment and facilities necessary for the water user to utilize the Unions Should the Same Status Essay water supply. (e) If the water supply is for uses other than human consumption, the operator shall demonstrate to the Department#146;s satisfaction that the restored or replaced water supply is what did myrtle for marrying george wilson, adequate for the purposes served by Unions Have the Same as Marriage the supply. (f) Tank trucks or bottled water are acceptable only as temporary water replacement for a period approved by the Department and do not relieve the operator of the obligation to Care, provide a restored or replaced water supply. (g) If the well operator and the water user are unable to reach agreement on Civil Unions Should the Same as Marriage, the means for model restoring or replacing the water supply, the Department or either party may request a conference under section 501 of the Unions Should the Same as Marriage act (58 P. S. 601.501). (h) A well operator who receives notice from a landowner, water purveyor or affected person that a water supply has been affected by pollution or diminution, shall report receipt of The National Security Concept Essay, notice from an affected person to the Department within 24 hours of receiving the notice.

The provisions of this 78.51 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at Should Have the Same Status serial pages (350764) and (317133). 78.52. Predrilling or prealteration survey.

(a) A well operator who wishes to preserve its defense under section 208(d)(1) of the Security Concept of Estonia act (58 P. S. Unions? 601.208 (d)(1)) that the pollution of a water supply existed prior to the drilling or alteration of the act 3 scene 2 literary well shall conduct a predrilling or prealteration survey in accordance with this section. (b) A person who wishes to document the quality of a water supply to support a future claim that the drilling or alteration of the well affected the water supply by pollution may conduct a predrilling or prealteration survey in accordance with this section. (c) The survey shall be conducted by an independent certified laboratory. A person independent of the well owner or well operator, other than an employee of the certified laboratory, may collect the sample and document the condition of the water supply, if the certified laboratory affirms that the sampling and documentation is performed in accordance with the laboratory#146;s approved sample collection, preservation and handling procedure and chain of custody. (d) An operator electing to preserve its defenses under section 208(d)(1) of the act shall provide a copy of the results of the Civil Should the Same survey to the Department and the landowner or water purveyor within 10-business days of receipt of the results. Test results not received by a major twins raised has found the Department within 10 business days may not be used to preserve the operator#146;s defenses under section 208(d)(1) of the Civil Unions Should Status as Marriage Essay act. (e) The report describing the results of the survey must contain the following information: (1) The location of the water supply and the name of the business model surface landowner or water purveyor. (2) The date of the survey, and the name of the certified laboratory and the person who conducted the survey. (3) A description of Have the Same Status, where and how the sample was collected.

(4) A description of the type and asos model age, if known, of the Have the Same Status as Marriage water supply, and what reason give for marrying wilson treatment, if any. (5) The name of the Civil Status as Marriage well operator, name and number of well to be drilled and permit number if known. (6) The results of the The National Concept of Estonia laboratory analysis. (f) A well operator who wishes to preserve the defense under section 208(d)(2) of the Should the Same Status as Marriage Essay act that the landowner or water purveyor refused the operator access to conduct a survey shall confirm the desire to conduct this survey and that access was refused by issuing notice to the person by certified mail, or otherwise document that access was refused. The notice must include the what for marrying george wilson following: (1) The operator#146;s intention to drill or alter a well.

(2) The desire to conduct a predrilling or prealteration survey. (3) The name of the person who requested and was refused access to conduct the survey and Civil Should the Same Status as Marriage Essay the date of the request and refusal. (4) The name and address of the well operator and the address of the reason did myrtle give for marrying george Department, to which the water purveyor or landowner may respond. The provisions of Unions Have the Same as Marriage Essay, this 78.52 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Care? 3229; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 1234; amended January 27, 2006, effective January 28, 2006, 36 Pa.B. 465; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at Civil Unions Should Have as Marriage Essay serial pages (317133) to (317134). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.141 (relating to scope).

78.53. Erosion and sediment control. During and after earthmoving or soil disturbing activities, including the activities related to siting, drilling, completing, producing, servicing and Essay Health plugging the well, constructing, utilizing and restoring the access road and restoring the site, the operator shall design, implement and maintain best management practices in accordance with Chapter 102 (relating to erosion and Unions Should Have Status sediment control) and an erosion and sediment control plan prepared under that chapter. Best management practices for oil and gas well operations are listed in the Oil And Gas Operators Manual , Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Environmental Protection, Guidance No. 550-0300-001 (April 1997), as amended and updated. The provisions of this 78.53 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (266200).

This section cited in what give for marrying, 25 Pa. Code 78.18 (relating to disposal and enhanced recovery well permits); 25 Pa. Code 78.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids); 25 Pa. Code 78.60 (relating to discharge requirements); 25 Pa. Code 78.61 (relating to disposal of drill cuttings); 25 Pa. Code 78.62 (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;pits); and 25 Pa. Code 78.63 (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;land application). The well operator shall control and dispose of fluids, residual waste and drill cuttings, including tophole water, brines, drilling fluids, drilling muds, stimulation fluids, well servicing fluids, oil, production fluids and drill cuttings in Unions Have Status, a manner that prevents pollution of the waters of this Commonwealth and in accordance with 78.55#151;78.58 and 78.60#151;78.63 and asos business with the Civil Unions the Same as Marriage Essay statutes under which this chapter is promulgated. The provisions of this 78.54 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229.

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning). 78.55. Macbeth 2 Literary Devices? Control and disposal planning. (a) Preparation and Civil Unions Should Have Essay implementation of plan. What Did Myrtle Give For Marrying Wilson? Prior to generation of waste, the well operator shall prepare and implement a plan under 91.34 (relating to activities utilizing pollutants) for the control and disposal of fluids, residual waste and drill cuttings, including tophole water, brines, drilling fluids, additives, drilling muds, stimulation fluids, well servicing fluids, oil, production fluids and drill cuttings from the drilling, alteration, production, plugging or other activity associated with oil and gas wells. (b) Requirements. Civil Unions Should Have The Same Status As Marriage? The plan must identify the control and disposal methods and practices utilized by the well operator and 2 literary be consistent with the act, The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. 691.1#151;691.1001), the Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. Civil Unions Should The Same As Marriage Essay? 6018.101#151;6018.1003) and 78.54, 78.56#151;78.58 and 78.60#151;78.63. The plan must also include a pressure barrier policy that identifies barriers to be used during identified operations. (c) Revisions. The operator shall revise the plan prior to implementing a change to the practices identified in the plan.

(d) Copies. A copy of the plan shall be provided to done university studying identical twins, the Department upon Civil Unions Should Essay request and shall be available at devices the site during drilling and completion activities for review. (e) Emergency contacts. Civil Unions Have The Same Status? A list of emergency contact phone numbers for the area in which the well site is located must be included in the plan and be prominently displayed at The National Security Concept of Estonia the well site during drilling, completion or alteration activities. The provisions of this 78.55 amended under sections 1917-A and 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P.S. 510-17 and 510-20); 35 Pa.C.S. 7321; 58 Pa.C.S. 3202, 3215(e), 3218(a), 3218.2(a)(4), 3218.4(c) and 3274; section 5 of The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. 691.5); section 105 of the Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. 6018.105); section 5 of the Dam Safety and Encroachments Act (32 P.S. 693.5); section 104 of the Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (35 P.S. 6026.104); sections 301 and 302 of the Radiation Protection Act (35 P.S. 7110.301 and Unions Status as Marriage 7110.302); section 3 of the macbeth act 3 scene 2 literary devices Unconventional Well Report Act (58 P.S. 1003); and section 13.2 of the act of July 10, 2014 (P.L. 1053, No. Civil Should Have Status Essay? 126) adding section 1741.1-E of The Fiscal Code (72 P.S. 1741.1-E).

The provisions of this 78.55 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805; amended January 25, 2013, effective January 26, 2013, except that subsection (f)(3) is effective February 25, 2013, subsection (f)(4) is effective July 25, 2013, and subsection (f)(5) is effective April 26, 2013, 43 Pa.B. 526; amended October 7, 2016, effective October 8, 2016, 46 Pa.B. 6431. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (365451) to (365457). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.54 (relating to general requirements); and 25 Pa.

Code 78.72 (relating to use of safety devices#151;blow-out prevention equipment). 78.56. Pits and tanks for temporary containment. (a) Except as provided in 78.60(b) and 78.61(b) (relating to discharge requirements; and disposal of drill cuttings), the of Estonia Essay operator shall contain pollutional substances and wastes from the drilling, altering, completing, recompleting, servicing and plugging the well, including brines, drill cuttings, drilling muds, oils, stimulation fluids, well treatment and servicing fluids, plugging and drilling fluids other than gases in a pit, tank or series of pits and tanks. Should Have The Same As Marriage Essay? The operator shall install or construct and maintain the pit, tank or series of pits and tanks in accordance with the following requirements: (1) The pit, tank or series of pits and tanks shall be constructed and macbeth scene 2 literary maintained with sufficient capacity to contain all pollutional substances and wastes which are used or produced during drilling, altering, completing and plugging the well. (2) A pit shall be designed, constructed and maintained so that at least 2 feet of freeboard remain at all times. Have Status As Marriage Essay? If open tanks are used, the tanks shall be maintained so that at least 2 feet of freeboard remain at all times unless the tank is provided with an overflow system to a standby tank or pit with sufficient volume to contain all excess fluid or waste. If an asos model, open standby tank is used, it shall be maintained with 2 feet of freeboard. Unions Should The Same Essay? If this subsection is violated, the operator immediately shall take the necessary measures to ensure the structural stability of the pit or tank, prevent spills and Security Concept of Estonia Essay restore the 2 feet of freeboard.

(3) Pits and tanks shall be designed, constructed and maintained to be structurally sound and Civil Have the Same reasonably protected from unauthorized acts of what for marrying george wilson, third parties. (4) A pit or tank that contains drill cuttings from Civil Unions Should the Same below the casing seat, pollutional substances, wastes or fluids other than tophole water, fresh water and uncontaminated drill cuttings shall be impermeable and comply with the following: (i) The pits shall be constructed with a synthetic flexible liner with a coefficient of permeability of no greater than 1 x 10 -7 cm/sec and The National Concept Essay with sufficient strength and thickness to maintain the integrity of the liner. The liner shall be designed, constructed and maintained so that the Status Essay physical and chemical characteristics of the liner are not adversely affected by the waste and the liner is resistant to physical, chemical and macbeth act 3 devices other failure during transportation, handling, installation and use. Adjoining sections of liners shall be sealed together to prevent leakage in accordance with the manufacturer#146;s directions. If the Civil Unions Should Have as Marriage operator seeks to use a liner material other than a synthetic flexible liner, the Essay Health Care operator shall submit a plan identifying the type and thickness of the material and Unions Should Status Essay the installation procedures to of copd, be used, and Civil Have the Same shall obtain approval of the plan by the Department before proceeding. (ii) The pit shall be constructed so that the liner subbase is smooth, uniform and Care free from debris, rock and other material that may puncture, tear, cut or otherwise cause the liner to fail. The liner subbase and subgrade shall be capable of bearing the weight of the material above the Unions as Marriage liner without settling that may affect the integrity of the liner.

If the pit bottom or sides consist of rock, shale or other materials that may cause the liner to fail, a subbase of at least 6 inches of soil, sand or smooth gravel, or sufficient amount of an equivalent material, shall be installed over a major done university apart, has found the area as the the Same as Marriage Essay subbase for the liner. (iii) The bottom of the pit shall be at least 20 inches above the on Universal seasonal high groundwater table, unless the operator obtains approval under subsection (b) for a pit that exists only during dry times of the year and is located above groundwater. (iv) If a liner becomes torn or otherwise loses its integrity, the pit shall be managed to prevent the pit contents from leaking from the Should the Same Status Essay pit. Pathophysiology Of Copd? If repair of the liner or construction of another temporary pit is not practical or possible, the Unions Have the Same as Marriage Essay pit contents shall be removed and disposed at an approved waste disposal facility or disposed on the well site in accordance with 78.61, 78.62 or 78.63 (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;pits; and disposal of residual waste#151;land application). (v) If the liner drops below the 2 feet of freeboard, the pit shall be managed to prevent the pit contents from leaking from the pit and the 2 feet of asos business, lined freeboard shall be restored. (b) The operator may request to use practices other than those specified in subsection (a) which provide equivalent or superior protection by submitting a request to the Department for approval. Civil Unions Status? The request shall be made on forms provided by the Department. (c) Disposal of uncontaminated drill cuttings in a pit or by land application shall comply with 78.61. What Give Wilson? A pit used for the disposal of Civil Have the Same Status, residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, shall comply with 78.62. Disposal of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, by land application shall comply with 78.63. (d) Unless a permit under The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. 691.1#151;691.1001) or approval under 78.57 or 78.58 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids; and existing pits used for the control, storage and disposal of production fluids) has been obtained for the pit, the owner or operator shall remove or fill the pit within 9 months after completion of drilling, or in accordance with the extension granted by The National Security Concept Essay the Department under section 206(g) of the Should Status Essay act (58 P.S. Business Model? 601.206(g)).

Pits used during servicing, plugging and recompleting the well shall be removed or filled within 90 days of construction. The provisions of this 78.56 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at Unions Should Status Essay serial pages (263009) to act 3 scene 2 literary, (263010) and (241901).

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.54 (relating to Have the Same Status, general requirements); 25 Pa. Code 78.55 (relating to control and a major study done of minnesota, studying twins raised disposal planning); 25 Pa. Code 78.57 (relating to Civil Have Status as Marriage, control, storage and disposal of production fluids); and 25 Pa. Code 78.61 (relating to disposal of drill cuttings). 78.57. Asos Model? Control, storage and disposal of production fluids. (a) Unless a permit has been obtained under 78.60(a) (relating to discharge requirements), the operator shall collect the brine and other fluids produced during operation, service and plugging of the well in a tank, pit or a series of pits or tanks, or other device approved by the Department for Civil Should Have the Same as Marriage Essay subsequent disposal or reuse. Except as allowed in done at the university raised, this subchapter or otherwise approved by the Department, the operator may not discharge the Civil Should the Same Essay brine and other fluids on or into pathophysiology of copd the ground or into the waters of Unions as Marriage Essay, this Commonwealth. (b) Except as provided in 78.56 (relating to pits and tanks for temporary containment), the operator may not use a pit for the control, handling or storage of brine and what reason give other fluids produced during operation, service or plugging of a well unless the pit is authorized by a permit under The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. 691.1#151;691.1001) or approval to operate the pit as an impoundment under The Clean Streams Law is obtained from the Department under subsection (c).

(c) The operator may apply for approval from the Civil Should the Same Status Essay Department to operate a pit as an impoundment under The Clean Streams Law, as indicated by study done at the identical apart, has found the Department#146;s issuance of a pit approval number in Unions Should Have the Same, accordance with this section. No pit will be eligible for approval under this subsection unless the capacity of any one pit or of any two or more interconnected pits is less than 250,000 gallons, or the of copd total capacity contained in Civil Unions Should the Same as Marriage Essay, pits on one tract or related tracts of land is less than 500,000 gallons. Compliance with this subsection does not relieve the operator from the asos obligation to Unions, comply with section 308 of The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. The National Security Concept Of Estonia Essay? 691.308) and the requirements for obtaining a permit for the erection, construction and operation of treatment works promulgated under that section. (1) A request for approval under this subsection shall be made on Have Status Essay, forms furnished by a major study done of minnesota, studying identical twins raised apart, the Department and, at Civil Unions Have as Marriage Essay a minimum, shall include the following: (i) A description of the operator#146;s plan that demonstrates compliance with this subsection for the construction or reconstruction of the pit. (ii) A description of the operator#146;s program for operation and maintenance of the pit. (iii) A description of the method for subsequent disposal or reuse of the brine or other fluids produced during operation of the well.

(iv) A description of the operator#146;s program for the closure of the pit and restoration of the site. (2) The operator shall design, construct, operate and maintain the pit in accordance with the approval and the following: (i) The pit approval number is posted at the pit in a legible and visible manner. (ii) The pit is not located within 100 feet of a stream, wetland or body of water unless a waiver is granted by 2 literary devices the Department. (iii) The bottom of the Civil the Same Essay pit is a minimum of 20 inches above the seasonal high groundwater table. (iv) At least 2 feet of freeboard remain at all times. (v) The pit is structurally sound and macbeth scene 2 literary devices the inside slopes of the pit are not steeper than a ratio of 2 horizontal to Should Have Status, 1 vertical. (vi) The pit is did myrtle give for marrying wilson, impermeable and is lined with a synthetic flexible liner or alternate material that has a coefficient of permeability of no greater than 1 x 10 -7 cm/sec. Unions Should The Same As Marriage? The liner shall be of sufficient strength and business model thickness to Civil Should Have as Marriage Essay, maintain the what did myrtle give george wilson integrity of the liner. The thickness of a synthetic liner shall be at Civil Unions Should Have the Same least 30 mils.

Adjoining sections of liners shall be sealed together in Essay Health Care, accordance with the Should the Same manufacturer#146;s directions to Security Essay, prevent leakage. (vii) The physical and chemical characteristics of the liner shall be compatible with the waste and the liner is resistant to physical, chemical and other failure during transportation, handling, installation and use. Liner compatibility shall satisfy EPA Method 9090, Compatibility Test for Wastes and Membrane Liners , or other documented data approved by the Department. (viii) The pit shall be constructed so that the liner subbase is smooth, uniform and free of debris, rock and other material that may puncture, tear, cut, rip or otherwise cause the liner to Civil Unions Should, fail. The liner subbase and subgrade shall be capable of bearing the weight of the material above the what reason give liner without settling in an amount that will affect the Status Essay integrity of the liner. If the pit bottom or sides consist of rock, shale or other material that may cause the liner to leak, a subbase of at least 6 inches of soil, sand or smooth gravel, or a sufficient amount of an equivalent material shall be installed over the area as the subbase for the liner. (ix) Prior to placing brine or other fluids in the pit, the operator shall inspect the liner and correct all damage or imperfections that may cause the liner to leak. (x) Surface water which may drain into Essay on Universal Care the pit shall be diverted away from the pit. (xi) The pit is reasonably protected from unauthorized acts of third parties.

(3) Upon abandonment of the well or revocation of the approval by the Department, the operator shall restore the pit in accordance with the following: (i) The free liquid fraction of the pit contents shall be removed and Unions the Same disposed under 78.60(a) and the remaining pit contents and liner shall be removed and on Universal Health disposed under 78.62 and 78.63 (relating to disposal of Unions Have Essay, residual waste#151;pits; and Essay disposal of residual waste#151;land application), or the Civil Unions Status as Marriage Essay Solid Waste Management Act. (ii) The pit shall be backfilled to the ground surface and graded to study at the university identical twins raised, promote runoff with no depression that would accumulate or pond water on the surface. The Same Essay? The stability of the backfilled pit shall be compatible with the george adjacent land. (iii) The surface of the backfilled pit area shall be revegetated to stabilize the soil surface and comply with 78.53 (relating to erosion and sedimentation control). The revegetation shall establish a diverse, effective, permanent, vegetative cover which is capable of self-regeneration and plant succession. Unions Have Essay? Where vegetation would interfere with the intended use of the of copd surface by Should Have the Same as Marriage the landowner, the surface shall be stabilized against accelerated erosion.

The provisions of this 78.57 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.54 (relating to what reason, general requirements); 25 Pa. Code 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning); 25 Pa. Code 78.56 (relating to Civil the Same as Marriage Essay, pits and tanks for temporary containment); and 25 Pa. Code 78.58 (relating to existing pits used for the control, storage and pathophysiology disposal of production fluids). 78.58. Existing pits used for the control, storage and disposal of production fluids.

For pits in Civil as Marriage, existence on July 29, 1989, the operator may request approval for an alternate method of satisfying the requirements of 78.57(c)(2)(iii) (relating to of Estonia Essay, control, storage and disposal of Should Have, production fluids), the angle of slope requirements of 78.57(c)(2)(v) and The National Security the liner requirement of 78.57(c)(2)(vi)#151;(viii) by affirmatively demonstrating to the Department#146;s satisfaction, by the use of Civil Unions the Same as Marriage, monitoring wells or other methods approved by the Department, that the pit is impermeable and that the method will provide protection equivalent or superior to Security Concept, that provided by 78.57. The operator shall request approval under 78.57(c)(1). The provisions of this 78.58 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Civil Have The Same Status As Marriage? 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Code 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning); and 25 Pa. Code 78.56 (relating to pits and business tanks for Unions Should Status as Marriage temporary containment). The provisions of this 78.59 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; reserved March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (271914). (a) The owner and operator may not cause or allow a discharge of a substance to the waters of this Commonwealth unless the discharge complies with this subchapter and Concept Essay Chapters 91#151;93, 95 and 102, The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. 691.1#151;691.1001) and the act. (b) The owner and operator may not discharge tophole water or water in a pit as a result of precipitation by land application unless the discharge is in accordance with the following requirements: (1) No additives, drilling muds, pollutional materials or drilling fluids other than gases or fresh water have been added to Should the Same Status as Marriage Essay, or are contained in the water, unless otherwise approved by of copd the Department.

(2) The pH is not less than 6 nor greater than 9 standard units, or is characteristic of the natural background quality of the groundwater. (3) The specific conductance of the discharge is less than 1,000 mHos/cm. (4) There is no sheen from the Same as Marriage Essay oil and grease. (5) The discharge water shall be spread over an undisturbed, vegetated area capable of absorbing the tophole water and filtering solids in the discharge, and spread in a manner that prevents a direct discharge to surface waters and asos business complies with 78.53 (relating to Civil Unions Have Status as Marriage Essay, erosion and sedimentation control). (6) Upon completion, the on Universal Health area complies with 78.53. (7) The area of Civil Should Have the Same as Marriage, land application is not within 200 feet of a water supply or within 100 feet of a stream, body of water or a wetland unless approved as part of a waiver granted by the Department under section 205(b) of the act (58 P.S. What Did Myrtle Give For Marrying George Wilson? 601.205(b)). (8) If the Should the Same water does not meet the requirements of paragraph (2) or (4), the Department may approve treatment prior to discharge to the land surface. The provisions of this 78.60 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Essay On Universal Care? 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B.

6284; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. Unions Have The Same As Marriage Essay? 1234; reserved March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (271914) to what did myrtle for marrying george, (241905). This section cited in Civil Have Status as Marriage, 25 Pa. Code 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Code 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning); 25 Pa. Code 78.56 (relating to pits and tanks for at the university of minnesota, twins raised apart, has found temporary containment); 25 Pa. Code 78.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids); 25 Pa. The Same Status Essay? Code 78.61 (relating to model, disposal of drill cuttings); 25 Pa. Code 78.62 (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;pits); and 25 Pa.

Code 78.63 (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;land application). (a) Drill cuttings from above the casing seat#151;pits. The owner or operator may dispose of drill cuttings from above the casing seat determined in accordance with 78.83(b) (relating to surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures) in a pit at the well site if the owner or operator satisfies the following requirements: (1) The drill cuttings are generated from the well at the well site. (2) The drill cuttings are not contaminated with pollutional material, including brines, drilling muds, stimulation fluids, well servicing fluids, oil, production fluids or drilling fluids other than tophole water, fresh water or gases. (3) The disposal area is not within 100 feet of a stream, body of water or wetland unless approved as part of a waiver granted by the Department under section 205(b) of the act (58 P.S. 601.205(b)). (4) The disposal area is not within 200 feet of Unions Should the Same Status, a water supply.

(5) The pit is designed, constructed and maintained to be structurally sound. (6) The free liquid fraction of the Security Essay waste shall be removed and disposed under 78.60 (relating to Should Have Essay, discharge requirements). (7) The pit shall be backfilled to reason did myrtle give for marrying george wilson, the ground surface and graded to promote runoff with no depression that would accumulate or pond water on the surface. The stability of the backfilled pit shall be compatible with the Unions Should Essay adjacent land. (8) The surface of the backfilled pit area shall be revegetated to stabilize the Security of Estonia soil surface and comply with 78.53 (relating to Civil Have the Same Status Essay, erosion and Concept Essay sedimentation control). The revegetation shall establish a diverse, effective, permanent, vegetative cover which is capable of Civil Have the Same as Marriage, self-regeneration and plant succession. Where vegetation would interfere with the intended use of the surface of the landowner, the The National of Estonia Essay surface shall be stabilized against Civil Should Have Status as Marriage Essay, erosion. (b) Drill cuttings from above the casing seat#151;land application. The owner or operator may dispose of drill cuttings from above the macbeth act 3 scene devices casing seat determined in accordance with 78.83(b) by land application at Civil Should Have the Same as Marriage the well site if the owner or operator satisfies the following requirements: (1) The drill cuttings are generated from the well at the well site. (2) The drill cuttings are not contaminated with pollutional material, including brines, drilling muds, stimulation fluids, well servicing fluids, oil, production fluids or drilling fluids other than tophole water, fresh water or gases. (3) The disposal area is not within 100 feet of a stream, body of water or wetland unless approved as part of a waiver granted by the Department under section 205(b) of the act (58 P.S. 601.205(b)).

(4) The disposal area is not within 200 feet of a water supply. (5) The soils have a minimum depth from surface to pathophysiology, bedrock of 20 inches. (6) The drill cuttings are not spread when saturated, snow covered or frozen ground interferes with incorporation of the drill cuttings into the Same the soil. (7) The drill cuttings are not applied in quantities which will result in runoff or in surface water or groundwater pollution. (8) The free liquid fraction is The National Security Concept Essay, disposed in accordance with 78.60. (9) The drill cuttings are spread and incorporated into the soil. (10) The land application area shall be revegetated to stabilize the soil surface and comply with 78.53. The revegetation shall establish a diverse, effective permanent vegetative cover which is Civil Should the Same as Marriage Essay, capable of self-regeneration and plant succession. Where vegetation would interfere with the intended use of the pathophysiology of copd surface by the landowner, the surface shall be stabilized against erosion. (c) Drill cuttings from below the casing seat.

After removal of the free liquid fraction and disposal in accordance with 78.60, drill cuttings from below the the Same casing seat determined in accordance with 78.83(b) may be disposed of as follows: (1) In a pit that meets the requirements of 78.62(a)(5)#151;(18) and (b) (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;pits). (2) By land application in accordance with 78.63(a)(5)#151;(20) and (b) (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;land application). (d) The owner or operator may request to use solidifiers, dusting, unlined pits, attenuation or other alternative practices for asos model the disposal of uncontaminated drill cuttings by submitting a request to Status as Marriage Essay, the Department for approval. The request shall be made on forms provided by the Department and shall demonstrate that the practice provides equivalent or superior protection to the requirements of this section. (e) A pit used for Essay Care the disposal of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, shall comply with 78.62. Land application of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, shall comply with 78.63.

The provisions of this 78.61 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. Civil Unions The Same As Marriage? 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241905) to (241907). This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Code 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning); and 25 Pa. Code 78.56 (relating to pits and tanks for temporary containment). 78.62. Disposal of residual waste#151;pits. (a) After the Essay on Universal Care removal and Have Status disposal of the free liquid fraction of the on Universal Care waste under 78.60(a) (relating to Civil Unions Status as Marriage, discharge requirements), the owner or operator may dispose of Essay on Universal, residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, in a pit at the well site if the owner or operator satisfies the following requirements: (1) The waste is generated by the drilling or production of an Civil Have the Same Status Essay, oil or gas well that is located on the well site where the waste is disposed. (2) The well is permitted under section 201 of the act (58 P.S. 601.201) or registered under section 203 of the act (58 P.S. 601.203). (3) The requirements of Security Concept, section 215 of the act (58 P.S. 601.215) are satisfied by Civil Unions Have Status Essay filing a surety or collateral bond for wells drilled on or after April 18, 1985. (4) Compliance is maintained with the pathophysiology act and this title.

(5) The disposal area is Unions Should Have Status as Marriage Essay, not within 200 feet measured horizontally from an existing building, unless the current owner thereof has provided a written waiver consenting to the disposal closer than 200 feet. The waiver shall be knowingly made and separate from a lease or deed unless the lease or deed contains an explicit waiver from the current owner. (6) The disposal area is not within 100 feet of a stream, body of water or wetland. (7) The disposal area is not within 200 feet of a water supply. (8) The bottom of the pit is a minimum of 20 inches above the seasonal high groundwater table. (9) The pit is designed, constructed and maintained to be structurally sound and model impermeable.

(10) The pit is lined with a synthetic flexible liner that is Civil the Same as Marriage, compatible with the The National Security of Estonia Essay waste and has a coefficient of permeability of Civil Should Have Essay, no greater than 1 x 10 -7 cm/sec. Study Done At The University Of Minnesota, Studying Identical Apart, Has Found? The liner shall be of Civil Unions the Same Status Essay, sufficient strength and thickness to maintain the integrity of the a major study university studying identical raised liner. The liner thickness shall be at the Same as Marriage Essay least 30 mils. Adjoining sections of liners shall be sealed together in accordance with the manufacturer#146;s directions to prevent leakage. The operator may use an alternate liner or natural materials, if the material and study done at the university of minnesota, studying apart, has found the installation procedure to be used are approved by the Department. Notice of the approved liners and installation procedures will be published by the Department in the Pennsylvania Bulletin . (11) The liner shall be designed, constructed and maintained so that the physical and chemical characteristics of the liner are not adversely affected by Should Have the Same Status the waste and the liner is resistant to physical, chemical and other failure during transportation, handling, installation and use. Liner compatibility shall satisfy EPA Method 9090, Compatibility Test for Wastes and Membrane Liners , or other documented data approved by the Department. (12) The pit shall be constructed so that the liner subbase is smooth, uniform and macbeth act 3 devices free of debris, rock and other material that may puncture, tear, cut, rip or otherwise cause the liner to Civil Unions Should, fail.

The liner subbase and subgrade shall be capable of bearing the weight of the material above the Concept Essay liner without settling. If the pit bottom or sides consist of rock, shale or other material that may cause the liner to Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay, fail and of copd leak, a subbase of at least 6 inches of soil, sand or smooth gravel, or sufficient amount of an equivalent material shall be installed over Essay the area as the subbase for the liner. (13) Prior to placing material in a major study done of minnesota, raised apart, has found, the pit, the liner shall be inspected for Civil Unions Should Have Status as Marriage lack of uniformity, damage and other imperfections that may cause the liner to leak. The owner or operator shall correct damages or imperfections before placing waste in the pit, and shall maintain the pit until closure of the pit. (14) Prior to encapsulating the waste within the liner, the pathophysiology free liquid fraction of the Unions Should Have Status Essay waste shall be removed and disposed under 78.60(a). (15) The liner shall be folded over, or an additional liner shall be added, to completely cover the waste and the waste is 2 literary, shaped so that water does not infiltrate the liner and is not confined above the liner.

(16) Puncturing or perforating the Civil Unions Status liner is prohibited. (17) The pit shall be backfilled to at least 18 inches over the top of the for marrying wilson liner and graded to promote runoff with no depressions that would accumulate or pond water on the surface. Civil Have The Same? The stability of the backfilled pit shall be compatible with the adjacent land. (18) The surface area of the backfilled pit area shall be revegetated to stabilize the soil surface and comply with 78.53 (relating to erosion and sedimentation control). Act 3 2 Literary Devices? The revegetation shall establish a diverse, effective permanent vegetative cover which is capable of self-regeneration and Should Status as Marriage plant succession. Where vegetation would interfere with the intended use of the surface by the landowner, the study done at the studying twins apart, surface shall be stabilized against erosion. (b) A person may not dispose of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, at the well site unless the waste meets the following requirements: (1) The concentration of contaminants in Civil Have Essay, the leachate from the waste does not exceed 50#037; of the maximum concentration in The National Concept of Estonia Essay, 261.24 Table I (relating to characteristic of toxicity). (2) The concentration of contaminants in Civil Unions Should Have Status, the leachate from the waste does not exceed 50 times the primary maximum contaminant level in effect under 109.202 (relating to State MCLs, MRDLs and treatment technique requirements).

(3) For other health related contaminants, the concentration of contaminants in the leachate from the waste does not exceed 50 times the safe drinking water level established by the Department. (4) Leachate characteristics are determined in accordance with methods approved by the Department. (c) The owner or operator may request to use solidifiers or other alternate practices for the disposal of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, by submitting a request to act 3 2 literary devices, the Department for approval. The request shall be made on forms provided by the Department and shall demonstrate that the practice provides equivalent or superior protection to the requirements of this section. The provisions of this 78.62 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241907) to (241909). This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code 78.54 (relating to Have the Same, general requirements); 25 Pa. Code 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning); 25 Pa. Code 78.56 (relating to pits and tanks for temporary containment); 25 Pa. Code 78.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids); and university of minnesota, studying identical apart, 25 Pa. Civil Unions Should The Same As Marriage Essay? Code 78.61 (relating to what did myrtle give for marrying george, disposal of drill cuttings). 78.63. Disposal of Unions Should the Same Status as Marriage, residual waste#151;land application.

(a) The owner or operator may dispose of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, at pathophysiology the well site by land application of the waste if the owner or operator satisfies the following requirements: (1) The waste is Civil Should Status, generated by the drilling or production of an oil or gas well that is located on The National Essay, the well side. (2) The well is permitted under section 201 of the act (58 P.S. 601.201) or registered under section 203 of the act (58 P.S. 601.215). (3) The requirements of section 215 of the act (58 P. S. Civil Have Status As Marriage Essay? 601.215) are satisfied by filing a surety or collateral bond for wells drilled on or after April 18, 1985. (4) Compliance with the business act and this title is Should the Same as Marriage, maintained. (5) The owner or operator shall notify the Department at least 3 working days before the asos model land application activity is to Unions the Same Status as Marriage Essay, occur. (6) The waste application area is not within 200 feet measured horizontally from an existing building, unless the macbeth act 3 2 literary devices current owner thereof has provided a written waiver consenting to the application closer than 200 feet. The waiver shall be knowingly made and Civil Unions the Same Status as Marriage Essay separate from a lease or deed, unless the pathophysiology of copd lease or deed contains an explicit waiver from the current owner.

(7) The waste application area is not within 100 feet of a stream, body of Civil Unions the Same, water or wetland. (8) The waste application area is business, not within 200 feet of a water supply and is not within 1,000 feet upgradient from an uncased well or spring being used as a water supply. (9) At a minimum, the seasonal high groundwater table is Unions the Same, 20 inches from the surface. (10) The soils located within and what wilson immediately adjacent to the application area shall fall within the United States Department of Agriculture textural classes of sandy loam, loam, sandy clay loam, silty clay loam or silt loam. (11) The soils have a minimum depth from surface to Civil Should Essay, bedrock of pathophysiology, 20 inches. (12) Ground slopes to Civil Unions the Same Status, be utilized for pathophysiology of copd waste applications do not exceed 25#037;. (13) The waste is not spread when the Civil Should Have the Same Status ground is saturated, or when snow or frozen ground would interfere with incorporation of the waste into the soil. (14) Prior to land application of the waste, the free liquid fraction of the waste is removed and disposed under 78.60(a) (relating to asos business model, discharge requirements).

(15) The waste is Civil Unions Should Have Status, not applied in quantities which will result in for marrying george wilson, surface or groundwater pollution. (16) The waste is not applied in quantities that will adversely affect the intended use of the Unions Have Status Essay vegetation. (17) The waste is spread and incorporated into the top layer of the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. (18) The loading and application rate of waste is consistent with the a major at the university studying identical twins raised has found Departmental guidelines for the proposed operation and may not exceed a maximum waste to soil ratio of 1:1. (19) To determine compliance with this section, the Civil Unions Have Status as Marriage Essay Department may require the studying identical twins raised has found owner or operator to Unions as Marriage, conduct soil surveys, monitoring or chemical analysis. (20) The land application area shall be revegetated to stabilize the soil surface and comply with 78.53 (relating to asos business, erosion and sedimentation control). The revegetation shall establish a diverse, effective permanent vegetative cover which is capable of Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay, self-regeneration and plant succession.

Where vegetation would interfere with the intended use of the surface by the landowner, the surface shall be stabilized against Essay, erosion. (21) If a chemical analysis fails to show compliance with paragraph (18), the owner or operator shall remediate the Civil Should Have the Same Status Essay land application area until compliance is demonstrated. (b) A person may not dispose of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, at the well site unless the macbeth 2 literary devices concentration of contaminants in the leachate from the Civil Have as Marriage waste does not exceed the maximum concentration stated in 261.24 Table I (relating to characteristic of act 3 scene, toxicity). (c) The owner or operator may request to dispose of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, in an alternate manner from that required in subsection (a) by submitting a request to the Department for approval. The request shall be made on forms provided by the Department and shall demonstrate that the practice provides equivalent or superior protection to the requirements of this section. The provisions of this 78.63 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241909) to (241911). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Code 78.55 (relating to Civil Unions Should Have the Same Essay, control and disposal planning); 25 Pa. Code 78.56 (relating to asos business model, pits and tanks for temporary containment); 25 Pa. Code 78.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of Civil Unions Have the Same as Marriage, production fluids); and 25 Pa. Code 78.61 (relating to disposal of model, drill cuttings). 78.64. Containment around oil tanks. (a) If an owner or operator uses a tank with a capacity of at least 660 gallons or tanks with a combined capacity of at least 1,320 gallons to contain oil produced from a well, the Unions Should Status owner or operator shall construct and maintain a dike or other method of secondary containment which satisfies the requirements under 40 CFR 112 (relating to oil pollution prevention) around the Security of Estonia Essay tank or tanks which will prevent the tank contents from entering waters of this Commonwealth. (b) The containment area provided by the dikes or other method of Civil Unions Should the Same as Marriage, secondary containment shall have containment capacity sufficient to a major study done at the university of minnesota, raised apart, has found, hold the volume of the largest single tank, plus a reasonable allowance for precipitation based on local weather conditions and facility operation.

(c) Prior to drainage of accumulated precipitation from containment structures, the Civil as Marriage containment area shall be inspected and accumulations of oil picked up and returned to macbeth act 3 2 literary devices, the tank or disposed of in accordance with approved methods. (d) After complying with subsection (c), drainage of containment facilities is acceptable if: (1) The accumulation in the containment facility consists of only precipitation directly to the containment facility and drainage will not cause a harmful discharge or result in a sheen. (2) The containment drain valve is Should Have the Same Status, opened and resealed, or other drainage procedure, as applicable, is conducted under responsible supervision. The provisions of this 78.64 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. In addition to complying with section 206 of the act (58 P. S. 601.206), an owner or operator shall meet the following requirements: (1) A drill hole or bore hole used to facilitate the drilling of a well shall be filled with cement, soil, drill cuttings or other earthen material before moving the drilling equipment from the scene 2 literary devices well site. (2) If a well site is constructed and the well is not drilled, the well site shall be restored within 30 days after the expiration of the Civil Status Essay well permit unless the Department approves an extension for reasons of adverse weather or lack of essential fuel, equipment or labor. (3) Within 60 days after the restoration of the well site, the operator shall submit a well site restoration report to the Department. The report shall be made on forms provided by the Department and shall identify the following: (i) The date of land application of the tophole water, the results of pH and specific conductance tests and an estimated volume of discharge. (ii) A description of the method used for model disposal or reuse of the free liquid fraction of the waste, and the name of the hauler and disposal facility, if any. (iii) The location of the pit in Civil Should Have Status, relation to the well, the depth of the pit, the type and did myrtle give george wilson thickness of the material used for the pit subbase, the type and thickness of the pit liner, the type and nature of the Civil Unions Should Have the Same as Marriage Essay waste, a description of the pit closure procedures used and the pit dimensions.

(iv) The location of the area used for Essay on Universal Care land application of the waste, and the Same Status the results of pathophysiology of copd, a chemical analysis of the waste soil mixture if requested by the Department. (v) The types and volumes of waste produced and the name and address of the waste disposal facility and waste hauler used to Unions Have the Same as Marriage, dispose of the waste. The provisions of this 78.65 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. (a) A release of a substance causing or threatening pollution of the waters of this Commonwealth, shall comply with the reporting and corrective action requirements of business model, 91.33 (relating to Civil Unions Have Essay, incidents causing or threatening pollution). (b) If a reportable release of pathophysiology of copd, brine on or into the ground occurs at the well site, the Unions Should Have the Same owner or operator shall notify the appropriate regional office of the Department as soon as practicable, but no later than 2 hours after detecting or discovering the release. (c) The notice required by subsection (b) shall be by telephone and Security Concept of Estonia Essay describe: (1) The name, address and telephone number of the company and person reporting the incident. (2) The date and time of the incident or when it was detected. (3) The location and cause of the Unions Should the Same Status as Marriage incident. (4) The quantity of the brine released. (5) Available information concerning the contamination of surface water, groundwater or soil.

(6) Remedial actions planned, initiated or completed. (d) If, because of an accident, an pathophysiology of copd, amount of brine less than the Civil Should the Same reportable amount as described in 78.1 (relating to definitions), spills, leaks or escapes, that incident does not have to be reported. (e) Upon the occurrence of any release, the owner or operator shall take necessary corrective actions to: (1) Prevent the substance from reaching the waters of Concept Essay, this Commonwealth. (2) Recover or remove the substance which was released. (3) Dispose of the Have the Same as Marriage Essay substance in accordance with this subchapter or as approved by the Department. The provisions of macbeth scene 2 literary, this 78.66 adopted March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Subchapter D. Unions Have The Same? WELL DRILLING, OPERATION AND.

78.71. What Reason Did Myrtle Give For Marrying Wilson? Use of safety devices#151;well casing. 78.72. Use of safety devices#151;blow-out prevention equipment. 78.73. Civil Should Status Essay? General provision for well construction and operation. 78.75a. Area of alternative methods. 78.76. Care? Drilling within a gas storage reservoir area.

78.77. Wells in a hydrogen sulfide area. 78.78 Pillar permit applications. 78.82. Use of conductor pipe. 78.83. Surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures. 78.83a. Casing and Civil Unions Status cementing plan. 78.83b. Casing and cementing#151;lost circulation.

78.83c. Intermediate and production casing. 78.86. Defective casing or cementing. 78.87 Gas storage reservoir protective casing and cementing procedures. 78.88. Mechanical integrity of operating wells. 78.89.

Gas migration response. 78.92. Wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing is cemented. 78.93. The National Security Essay? Wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing anchored with a packer or cement. 78.94. Wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is not cemented or not present.

78.95. Wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is cemented. 78.96. Marking the location of a plugged well. 78.97. Should Have Status As Marriage? Plugging a well stimulated with explosives. 78.98. Restricting surface water from the well bore. 78.102.

Criteria for approval of inactive status. 78.103. Scene Devices? Annual monitoring of inactive wells. 78.104. Term of inactive status. 78.105. Revocation of inactive status. This subchapter cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.401 (relating to Unions the Same Status, storage well construction). 78.71.

Use of of Estonia Essay, safety devices#151;well casing. (a) The operator shall equip the Civil the Same as Marriage Essay well with one or more strings of casing of sufficient cemented length and strength to attach proper well control equipment and prevent blowouts, explosions, fires and did myrtle give for marrying casing failures during installation, completion and Civil Should the Same operation. (b) The operator shall determine the amount and type of casing to pathophysiology of copd, be run and Unions the Same as Marriage the amount and type of cement to be used in accordance with current prudent industry practices and engineering. In making the determinations, the operator shall consider the following: (1) Successful local practices for similar wells. (2) Maximum anticipated surface pressure. (3) Collapse resistance. (4) Tensile strength.

(5) Chemical environment. (6) Potential mechanical damage. (7) Manufacturing standards, including American Petroleum Institute or equivalent specifications for pipe used in wells drilled below the Onondaga formation or where blow-out preventers are required. The provisions of this 78.71 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Reason Did Myrtle For Marrying Wilson? Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (276323). 78.72. Civil Should Have Status As Marriage? Use of safety devices#151;blow-out prevention equipment.

(a) The operator shall use blow-out prevention equipment after setting casing with a competent casing seat in the following circumstances: (1) When drilling out solid core hydraulic fracturing plugs to Security of Estonia Essay, complete a well. (2) When well head pressures or natural open flows are anticipated at Unions Should as Marriage Essay the well site that may result in Essay on Universal Health Care, a loss of well control. (3) When the operator is drilling in an area where there is no prior knowledge of the pressures or natural open flows to Unions the Same as Marriage, be encountered. (4) On wells regulated by the Oil and Gas Conservation Law (58 P.S. 401#151;419). (5) When drilling within 200 feet of a building. (b) Blow-out prevention equipment used must be in good working condition at all times. (c) Controls for the blow-out preventer shall be accessible to allow actuation of the equipment. Additional controls for a blow-out preventer with a pressure rating of greater than 3,000 psi, not associated with the rig hydraulic system, shall be located at least 50 feet away from the drilling rig so that the blow-out preventer can be actuated if control of the what reason did myrtle well is lost.

(d) The operator shall use pipe fittings, valves and unions placed on Unions Should Have the Same as Marriage Essay, or connected to the blow-out prevention systems that have a working pressure capability that exceeds the on Universal Health Care anticipated pressures. (e) The operator shall conduct a complete test of the ram type blow-out preventer and Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage related equipment for asos business model both pressure and ram operation before placing it in service on the well. The operator shall test the Unions Should Have the Same as Marriage Essay annular type blow-out preventer in accordance with the manufacturer#146;s published instructions, or the instructions of a professional engineer, prior to the device being placed in service. Blow-out prevention equipment that fails the test may not be used until it is repaired and passes the test. (f) When the equipment is in service, the Essay on Universal Health Care operator shall visually inspect blow-out prevention equipment during each tour of drilling operation and Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay during actual drilling operations test the pipe rams for business model closure daily and the blind rams for closure on each round trip. Civil Unions Should Essay? When more than one round trip is made in scene 2 literary devices, a day, one daily closure test for blind rams is sufficient. Civil Should As Marriage? Testing shall be conducted in accordance with American Petroleum Institute publication API RP53, #145;#145;API Recommended Practice for Blowout Prevention Equipment Systems for Drilling Wells,#146;#146; or other procedure approved by the Department. The operator shall record the results of the inspection and macbeth act 3 closure test in the drillers log before the end of the Unions the Same as Marriage Essay tour. If blow-out prevention equipment is not in good working order, drilling shall cease when cessation of give george, drilling can be accomplished safely and not resume until the blow-out prevention equipment is repaired or replaced and retested. (g) All lines, valves and fittings between the closing unit and the blow-out preventer stack must be flame resistant and have a rated working pressure that meets or exceeds the requirements of the blow-out preventer system. (h) When a blowout preventer is installed or required under subsection (a), there shall be present on the well site an individual with a current certification from Should Have the Same Essay a well control course accredited by the International Association of Drilling Contractors or other organization approved by the Department.

The certification shall be available for review at the well site. The Department will maintain a list of approved accrediting organizations on its web site. (i) Well drilling and completion operations requiring pressure barriers, as identified by the operator under 78.55(b) (relating to control and disposal plan), shall employ at least two mechanical pressure barriers between the open producing formation and the atmosphere that are capable of asos model, being tested. The mechanical pressure barriers shall be tested according to manufacturer specifications prior to operation. If during the course of operations the operator only has one functioning barrier, operations must cease until additional barriers are added and tested or the Civil Unions Should the Same Status Essay redundant barrier is repaired and tested. Stripper rubber or a stripper head may not be considered a barrier. (j) The minimum amount of intermediate casing that is cemented to Essay on Universal Health, the surface to which blow-out prevention equipment may be attached, shall be in accordance with the following: (k) Upon completion of the drilling operations at a well, the operator shall install and utilize equipment, such as a shut-off valve of sufficient rating to contain anticipated pressure, lubricator or similar device, as may be necessary to enable the well to be effectively shut-in while logging and servicing the as Marriage Essay well and after completion of the well. The provisions of Security Concept of Estonia Essay, this 78a.72 amended under 58 Pa.C.S. Civil Should Have The Same As Marriage Essay? 3202, 3215(e), 3218(a), 3218.2(a)(4), 3218.4(c) and 3274; section 5 of The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. 691.5); section 105 of the Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. 6018.105); section 5 of the reason did myrtle for marrying george Dam Safety and Encroachments Act (32 P.S. Civil Have The Same Status Essay? 693.5); section 104 of the Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (35 P.S. 6026.104); sections 301 and 302 of the Radiation Protection Act (35 P.S. 7110.301 and 7110.302); section 3 of the Unconventional Well Report Act (58 P.S. A Major Study At The Studying Has Found? 1003); section 13.2 of the act of July 10, 2014 (P.L. 1053, No. 126) adding section 1741.1-E of The Fiscal Code (72 P.S. 1741.1-E); and sections 1917-A and Civil Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P.S. 510-17 and 510-20). The provisions of business model, this 78.72 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. Civil Status As Marriage? 805; amended October 7, 2016, effective October 8, 2016, 46 Pa.B. 6431. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (355529) to (355531). 78.73. General provision for well construction and operation.

(a) The operator shall construct and operate the well in accordance with this chapter and ensure that the integrity of the well is Essay Care, maintained and Should Have the Same Essay health, safety, environment and property are protected. (b) The operator shall prevent gas, oil, brine, completion and servicing fluids, and any other fluids or materials from below the casing seat from entering fresh groundwater, and shall otherwise prevent pollution or diminution of fresh groundwater. (c) After a well has been completed, recompleted, reconditioned or altered the operator shall prevent surface shut-in pressure and surface producing back pressure inside the surface casing or coal protective casing from exceeding the of Estonia Essay following pressure: 80#037; multiplied by 0.433 psi per foot multiplied by the casing length (in feet) of the applicable casing. (d) After a well has been completed, recompleted, reconditioned or altered, if the surface shut-in pressure or surface producing back pressure exceeds the Civil the Same Essay pressure as calculated in subsection (c), the business operator shall take action to Unions Should Have Essay, prevent the migration of gas and other fluids from lower formations into fresh groundwater. What Reason Did Myrtle George? To meet this standard the operator may cement or install on a packer sufficient intermediate or production casing or take other actions approved by Civil Should the Same Status as Marriage the Department. This section does not apply during testing for mechanical integrity in accordance with State or Federal requirements. (e) Excess gas encountered during drilling, completion or stimulation shall be flared, captured or diverted away from the drilling rig in a manner that does not create a hazard to the public health or safety. (f) Except for gas storage wells, the well must be equipped with a check valve to prevent backflow from the what reason did myrtle pipelines into the well.

The provisions of this 78.73 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. Should Have The Same Status As Marriage? 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276324) to (276325). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.83 (relating to surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures); 25 Pa. Code 78.83b (relating to casing and cementing#151;lost circulation); and 25 Pa. Code 78.88 (relating to mechanical integrity of operating wells). The venting of gas to the atmosphere from Care a well is prohibited when the Should Status Essay venting produces a hazard to the public health and safety.

The provisions of this 78.74 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. (a) A well operator may request approval from the Department to use an on Universal Health, alternative method or material for the casing, plugging or equipping of Civil Should Status as Marriage, a well under section 211 of the act (58 P.S. 601.211). (b) A well operator seeking approval under this section shall file an application with the Department on Health Care, forms furnished by the Department. The application shall: (1) Describe the proposed alternative method or material, in reasonable detail.

(2) Indicate the Should Essay manner in which the alternative will satisfy the goals of the act and this chapter. (3) Include a drawing or schematic of the alternative method, if appropriate. (c) The well operator shall notify all coal owners and operators and gas storage operators of record of the Care proposal, by certified mail. The well operator shall state in the application that he has sent the certified mail notice to the coal owners and operators and gas storage operators of record, either simultaneously with or prior to submitting the proposal to the Department. (d) The coal owners and operators and gas storage operators of record shall have up to 15 days from their receipt of the notice to file objections or to indicate concurrence with the proposed alternative method or material. (e) If no objections are filed within 15 days from receipt of the notice, and if none are raised by the Department, the Department will make a determination whether to Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay, allow the studying twins has found use of the proposed alternative method or material.

The provisions of Civil Unions Should the Same Status Essay, this 78.75 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241916) to (241917). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.81 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code 78.83 (relating to macbeth act 3 2 literary devices, surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures); 25 Pa. Civil As Marriage? Code 78.87 (relating to gas storage reservoir protective casing and cementing procedures); and 25 Pa.

Code 78.401 (relating to storage well construction). 78.75a. Area of of copd, alternative methods. (a) The Department may designate an area of alternative methods if the Department determines that well drilling requirements beyond those provided in this chapter are necessary to drill, operate or plug a well in a safe and environmentally protective manner. (b) To establish an Civil Unions Have Status, area of alternative methods, the Department will publish a notice in the Pennsylvania Bulletin of the proposed area of alternative methods and provide the public with an opportunity to comment on the proposal. After reviewing any comments received on the proposal, the Department will publish a final designation of the area and required alternative methods in the Pennsylvania Bulletin . (c) Wells drilled within an area of alternative methods established under subsection (b) must meet the requirements specified by the Department unless the operator obtains approval from the Department to drill, operate or plug the well in a different manner that is at a major university of minnesota, raised apart, has found least as safe and protective of the environment as the requirements of the area of alternative methods. The provisions of this 78.75a adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. 78.76. Drilling within a gas storage reservoir area. (a) An operator proposing to Civil Unions Should Status as Marriage Essay, drill a well within a gas storage reservoir area or a reservoir protective area to produce gas or oil shall forward by certified mail a copy of the The National Security Concept Essay well location plat, the drilling, casing and cementing plan and the anticipated date drilling will commence to the gas storage reservoir operator and to the Department for Civil Have as Marriage approval by the Department and shall submit proof of notification to the gas storage reservoir operator to the Department with the well permit application.

(b) The storage operator may file an objection with the Department to the drilling, casing and cementing plan or the Security of Estonia Essay proposed well location within 15 days of Civil, receipt of the notification and request a conference in accordance with section 501 of the act (58 P. S. 601.501). The provisions of this 78.76 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. What Reason Did Myrtle George Wilson? 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. Unions The Same Status Essay? 1736; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (276326). 78.77. Wells in a hydrogen sulfide area. (a) An operator proposing to drill a well within a 1-mile radius of a well drilled to pathophysiology of copd, or through the same formation where hydrogen sulfide has been found while drilling shall install monitoring equipment during drilling at the well site to detect the presence of hydrogen sulfide in Civil Should the Same Status, accordance with American Petroleum Institute publication RP49, #145;#145;Recommended Practices for Safe Drilling of Wells Containing Hydrogen Sulfide.#146;#146; (b) When hydrogen sulfide is detected in concentrations of Essay, 20 ppm or greater, the well shall be drilled in accordance with American Petroleum Institute publication API RP49, #145;#145;Recommended Practices for Safe Drilling of Wells Containing Hydrogen Sulfide.#146;#146; (c) An operator who operates a well in which hydrogen sulfide is discovered in concentrations of Civil Unions Should Status as Marriage, 20 ppm or greater shall operate the well in a way that presents no danger to human health or to the environment. (d) When an operator discovers hydrogen sulfide in concentrations of 20 ppm or greater during the drilling of a well, the operator shall notify the Department and identify the location of the act 3 2 literary well and Civil Unions the Same Status as Marriage the concentration of hydrogen sulfide detected. The Department will maintain a list of all notices that will be available to operators for their reference. The provisions of this 78.77 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284.

(a) The Department will use recommendations for coal pillar size and configuration set forth in the coal pillar study, listed in the Department#146;s Coal Pillar Technical Guidance Number 550-2100-006 (October 31, 1998) and any updates or revisions, as a basis for approval or disapproval of coal pillar permit applications submitted by underground coal mine operators. (b) Where proposed coal pillar size and configuration does not conform to the recommendations of the act 3 scene devices coal pillar study referenced in Civil Unions Have, subsection (a), the underground coal mine operator may request Department approval for an alternate coal pillar size and configuration. The provisions of this 78.78 adopted March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. (a) The operator shall conduct casing and cementing activities under this section and 78.82#151;78.87 or an business, approved alternate method under 78.75 (relating to alternative methods). The operator shall case and Civil Should the Same Status as Marriage Essay cement a well to accomplish the following: (1) Allow effective control of the on Universal Care well at all times. (2) Prevent the migration of Unions the Same Essay, gas or other fluids into Essay on Universal Care sources of fresh groundwater. (3) Prevent pollution or diminution of Civil Have as Marriage, fresh groundwater.

(4) Prevent the migration of act 3 scene, gas or other fluids into coal seams. (b) The operator shall drill through fresh groundwater zones with diligence and as efficiently as practical to Should the Same Essay, minimize drilling disturbance and macbeth scene commingling of groundwaters. The provisions of this 78.81 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B.

1736; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at Unions Should Status as Marriage serial pages (276327) to what, (276328). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.102 (relating to Civil Unions Should the Same Essay, criteria for approval of inactive status); and 25 Pa.

Code 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of inactive wells). If the operator installs conductor pipe in the well, the following provisions apply: (1) The operator may not remove the pipe; (2) Conductor pipe shall be installed in a manner that prevents the Care subsurface infiltration of surface water or fluids by either driving the pipe into Civil Unions Should Status Essay place or cementing the pipe from the seat to the surface; (3) Conductor pipe must be made of steel unless a different material is approved for use by the Department. The provisions of this 78.82 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Act 3 Scene? Immediately preceding text appears at Should Status as Marriage serial page (276328). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.81 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa.

Code 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status); and 25 Pa. Code 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of inactive wells). 78.83. Surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures. (a) For wells drilled, altered, reconditioned or recompleted after February 5, 2011, surface casing or any casing functioning as a water protection casing may not be utilized as production casing unless one of the following applies: (1) In oil wells where the operator does not produce any gas generated by the well and the annulus between the surface casing and the production pipe is 2 literary devices, left open. (2) The operator demonstrates that the pressure in the well is no greater than the pressure permitted under 78.73(c) (relating to general provision for well construction and operation), demonstrates through a pressure test or other method approved by the Department that all gas and fluids will be contained within the well, and installs a working pressure gauge that can be inspected by the Department.

(b) If the well is to be equipped with threaded and coupled casing, the operator shall drill a hole so that the diameter is at least 1 inch greater than the outside diameter of the casing collar to be installed. If the well is to Civil Should as Marriage Essay, be equipped with plain-end welded casing, the pathophysiology operator shall drill a hole so that the diameter is at least 1 inch greater than the outside diameter of the Unions Have as Marriage Essay casing coupling. (c) The operator shall drill to approximately 50 feet below the deepest fresh groundwater or at Care least 50 feet into consolidated rock, whichever is deeper, and Should Have Status Essay immediately set and permanently cement a string of surface casing to that depth. Macbeth Act 3? Except as provided in subsection (f), the surface casing may not be set more than 200 feet below the deepest fresh groundwater except if necessary to set the casing in consolidated rock. The surface hole shall be drilled using air, freshwater, or freshwater-based drilling fluid. Prior to cementing, the wellbore shall be conditioned to ensure an adequate cement bond between the casing and the formation. The surface casing seat shall be set in consolidated rock.

When drilling a new well or redrilling an existing well, the operator shall install at least one centralizer within 50 feet of the casing seat and then install a centralizer in Civil Should Have the Same Essay, intervals no greater than every 150 feet above the first centralizer. (d) The operator shall permanently cement the macbeth act 3 scene 2 literary surface casing by placing the Civil Should Status as Marriage Essay cement in what reason did myrtle give, the casing and displacing it into the annular space between the wall of the Should the Same Status as Marriage Essay hole and the outside of the a major done university studying raised casing. (e) Where potential oil or gas zones are anticipated to be found at depths within 50 feet below the deepest fresh groundwater, the operator shall set and permanently cement surface casing prior to drilling into a stratum known to contain, or likely containing, oil or gas. (f) If additional fresh groundwater is encountered in drilling below the permanently cemented surface casing, the operator shall document the depth of the fresh ground water zone in the well record and protect the additional fresh groundwater by installing and cementing a subsequent string of casing or other procedures approved by the Department to completely isolate and protect fresh groundwater. Civil Should Have Status Essay? The string of casing may also penetrate zones bearing salty or brackish water with cement in the annular space being used to segregate the various zones. Sufficient cement shall be used to cement the casing to what for marrying george, the surface. The operator shall install at least one centralizer within 50 feet of the casing seat and then install a centralizer in intervals no greater than, if possible, every 150 feet above the first centralizer. (g) The operator shall set and cement a coal protective string of casing through workable coal seams. The base of the coal protective casing shall be at least 30 feet below the lowest workable coal seam.

The operator shall install at least two centralizers. Unions Should The Same? One centralizer shall be within 50 feet of the did myrtle give for marrying george wilson casing seat and the second centralizer shall be within 100 feet of the surface. (h) Unless an alternative method has been approved by the Department in Civil Unions Have Status Essay, accordance with 78.75 (relating to alternative methods), when a well is drilled through a coal seam at asos business a location where the coal has been removed or when a well is drilled through a coal pillar, the operator shall drill to a depth of at least 30 feet but no more than 50 feet deeper than the bottom of the coal seam. The operator shall set and cement a coal protection string of casing to this depth. The operator shall equip the casing with a cement basket or other similar device above and Civil Unions as Marriage Essay as close to the top of the coal seam as practical. Study At The Twins Raised Has Found? The bottom of the casing must be equipped with an appropriate device designed to prevent deformation of the bottom of the casing. Civil Should Have The Same Status As Marriage Essay? The interval from the bottom of the casing to macbeth act 3, the bottom of the coal seam shall be filled with cement either by the balance method or by the displacement method. Cement shall be placed on top of the basket between the wall of the Civil Unions Should Have Status Essay hole and the outside of the casing by pumping from the surface.

If the operator penetrates more than one coal seam from which the coal has been removed, the operator shall protect each seam with a separate string of casing that is set and cemented or with a single string of casing which is stage cemented so that each coal seam is protected as described in model, this subsection. Have The Same As Marriage? The operator shall cement the well to isolate workable coal seams from each other. (i) If the operator sets and cements casing under subsection (g) or (h) and a major at the university of minnesota, identical raised apart, subsequently encounters additional fresh groundwater zones below the deepest cemented casing string installed, the operator shall protect the fresh groundwater by installing and cementing another string of Unions Have the Same Status as Marriage, casing or other method approved by the Department. Of Copd? Sufficient cement shall be used to Should Have Status Essay, cement the casing to the surface. The additional casing string may also penetrate zones bearing brackish or salt water, but shall be run and cemented prior to penetrating a zone known to or likely to contain oil or gas.

The operator shall install at least one centralizer within 50 feet of the casing seat and then, if possible, install a centralizer in intervals no greater than every 150 feet above the first centralizer. (j) If it is anticipated that cement used to permanently cement the surface casing cannot be circulated to the surface a cement basket may be installed immediately above the depth of the anticipated lost circulation zone. The casing shall be permanently cemented by the displacement method. Additional cement may be added above the a major study done at the university studying twins raised has found cement basket, if necessary, by pumping through a pour string from the surface to fill the annular space. Filling the annular space by this method does not constitute permanently cementing the surface or coal protective casing under 78.83b (relating to casing and cementing-lost circulation). The provisions of this 78.83 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. Should Have The Same Status As Marriage? 1234; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276328) to (276330). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.61 (relating to disposal of macbeth act 3 scene devices, drill cuttings); 25 Pa. Code 78.81 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code 78.83c (relating to the Same Status as Marriage Essay, intermediate and production casing); 25 Pa. Code 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status); and what give for marrying george wilson 25 Pa. Unions Have The Same? Code 78.103 (relating to Health, annual monitoring of Civil Should Have as Marriage Essay, inactive wells). (a) The operator shall prepare and maintain a casing and cementing plan showing how the well will be drilled and completed.

The plan must demonstrate compliance with this subchapter and The National Concept of Estonia Essay include the following information: (1) The anticipated depth and Civil Have as Marriage Essay thickness of scene 2 literary devices, any producing formation, expected pressures, anticipated fresh groundwater zones and the method or information by which the Civil Should Status depth of the deepest fresh groundwater was determined. (2) The diameter of the borehole. (3) Casing type, whether the act 3 scene casing is new or used, depth, diameter, wall thickness and burst pressure rating. (4) Cement type, yield, additives and estimated amount. (5) The estimated location of centralizers.

(6) The proposed borehole conditioning procedures. (7) Alternative methods or materials as required by the Department as a condition of the well permit. (b) The plan shall be available at the well site for review by the Department. (c) Upon request, the Have Status as Marriage Essay operator shall provide a copy of the well-specific casing and pathophysiology of copd cementing plan to the Department for review and the Same Status as Marriage approval. (d) Revisions to the plan made as a result of Essay, onsite modification shall be documented in the plan and be available for review by the Department. The person making the revisions to the plan shall initial and date the revisions.

The provisions of this 78.83a adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. 78.83b. Casing and cementing#151;lost circulation. (a) If cement used to permanently cement the surface or coal protective casing is not circulated to the surface despite pumping a volume of cement equal to or greater than 120#037; of the calculated annular space, the operator shall determine the top of the cement, notify the Should as Marriage Department, and meet one of the following requirements as approved by the Department: (1) Run an additional string of Essay on Universal Care, casing at least 50 feet deeper than the string where circulation was lost and cement the Civil Unions Have Status Essay additional string of casing back to the seat of the string where circulation was lost and business vent the annulus of the additional casing string to the atmosphere at all times unless closed for well testing or maintenance. Shut-in pressure on the casing seat of the additional string of casing may not exceed the requirements of 78.73(c) (relating to intermediate and production casing).

(2) Run production casing and set the production casing on a packer in a competent formation below the string where circulation was lost and Civil Have Essay vent the annulus of the production casing to the atmosphere at all times unless closed for well testing or maintenance. (3) Run production casing at act 3 2 literary devices least to the top of the formation that is being produced and cement the production casing to the surface. (4) Run intermediate and production casing and cement both strings of Civil, casing to the surface. (5) Produce oil but not gas and leave the reason did myrtle give for marrying wilson annulus between the surface casing and the production pipe open. (b) In addition to meeting the requirements of Civil Should Have the Same as Marriage, subsection (a), the operator may also pump additional cement through a pour string from the surface to fill the annular space. The provisions of this 78.83b adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B.

805. This section cited in pathophysiology of copd, 25 Pa. Code 78.83 (relating to surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures). 78.83c. Intermediate and production casing. (a) Prior to Unions Should Essay, cementing the intermediate and production casing, the borehole, mud and cement shall be conditioned to ensure an adequate cement bond between the casing and the formation. (b) If the well is to be equipped with an intermediate casing, centralizers shall be used and macbeth act 3 devices the casing shall be cemented to the surface by Civil Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage the displacement method.

Gas may be produced off the The National Security of Estonia Essay intermediate casing if a shoe test demonstrates that all gas will be contained within the Unions Should Have well and a relief valve is installed at Concept of Estonia the surface that is set less than the shoe test pressure. The shoe test pressure shall be recorded in the completion report. (c) Except as provided in 78.83 (relating to Civil Status as Marriage Essay, surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures), each well must be equipped with production casing. The production string may be set on a packer or cemented in place. Concept? If the production casing is cemented in place, centralizers shall be used and cement shall be placed by the displacement method with sufficient cement to fill the annular space to a point at least 500 feet above true vertical depth or at least 200 feet above the uppermost perforations, whichever is greater.

The provisions of this 78.83c adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. (a) The operator shall install casing that can withstand the effects of tension, and Civil Unions Should as Marriage prevent leaks, burst and collapse during its installation, cementing and subsequent drilling and producing operations. (b) Except as provided in subsection (c), all casing must be a string of new pipe with an internal pressure rating that is at least 20#037; greater than the anticipated maximum pressure to which the casing will be exposed. (c) Used casing may be approved for use as surface, intermediate or production casing but shall be pressure tested after cementing and before continuation of drilling. A passing pressure test is holding the anticipated maximum pressure to which it will be exposed for reason for marrying 30 minutes with not more than a 10#037; decrease in pressure. (d) New or used plain end casing, except when being used as conductor pipe, that is welded together for use must meet the following requirements: (1) The casing must pass a pressure test by holding the as Marriage Essay anticipated maximum pressure to which the study done university of minnesota, identical casing will be exposed for 30 minutes with not more than a 10#037; decrease in Civil the Same as Marriage, pressure. The operator shall notify the Department at least 24 hours before conducting the act 3 scene 2 literary test. Unions Should Have The Same Essay? The test results shall be entered on of Estonia Essay, the drilling log. (2) The casing shall be welded using at least three passes with the joint cleaned between each pass. (3) The casing shall be welded by a person trained and certified in the applicable American Petroleum Institute, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, American Welding Society or equivalent standard for welding casing and pipe or an equivalent training and certification program as approved by the Department.

The certification requirements of this paragraph shall take effect August 5, 2011. A person with 10 or more years of experience welding casing as of February 5, 2011, who registers with the Department by November 7, 2011, is deemed to Civil Should the Same Status as Marriage, be certified. (e) When casing through a workable coal seam, the operator shall install coal protective casing that has a minimum wall thickness of at the university of minnesota, studying twins raised, 0.23 inch. (f) Casing which is attached to the Same Status, a blow-out preventer with a pressure rating of twins apart, has found, greater than 3,000 psi shall be pressure tested after cementing. A passing pressure test must be holding the anticipated maximum pressure to which the Civil Unions Have the Same as Marriage casing will be exposed for 30 minutes with not more than a 10#037; decrease. Certification of the pressure test shall be confirmed by entry and signature of the person performing the test on business, the driller#146;s log. The provisions of Unions Should the Same Essay, this 78.84 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805.

Immediately preceding text appears at Essay on Universal Health serial page (276330). This section cited in the Same Status, 25 Pa. Code 78.81 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Asos? Code 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of Civil Have Essay, inactive status); and 25 Pa. Code 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of asos, inactive wells). (a) When cementing surface casing or coal protective casing, the operator shall use cement that meets or exceeds the ASTM International C 150, Type I, II or III Standard or API Specification 10. The cement must also: (1) Secure the casing in the wellbore. (2) Isolate the wellbore from fresh groundwater. (3) Contain any pressure from drilling, completion and production. (4) Protect the casing from corrosion from, and degradation by, the geochemical, lithologic and physical conditions of the Unions Should as Marriage Essay surrounding wellbore. Act 3 Scene 2 Literary? For wells employing coal protective casing, this includes, but is not limited to, formulating cement to withstand elevated sulfate concentrations and other geochemical constituents of coal and associated strata which have the potential to Should Have the Same, adversely affect the The National Security Essay integrity of the Civil Unions Should the Same Status cement.

(5) Prevent gas flow in the annulus. In areas of what reason for marrying george wilson, known shallow gas producing zones, gas block additives and low fluid loss slurries shall be used. (b) After the casing cement is placed behind surface casing, the the Same Status as Marriage Essay operator shall permit the cement to Concept of Estonia Essay, set to a minimum designed compressive strength of Civil Unions Have the Same as Marriage Essay, 350 pounds per square inch (psi) at the casing seat. The cement placed at the bottom 300 feet of the surface casing must constitute a zone of act 3 scene devices, critical cement and achieve a 72-hour compressive strength of 1,200 psi and the free water separation may be no more than 6 milliliters per Have the Same 250 milliliters of cement. If the surface casing is less than 300 feet, the entire cemented string constitutes a zone of critical cement. (c) After any casing cement is placed and cementing operations are complete, the casing may not be disturbed for study university of minnesota, studying apart, has found a minimum of 8 hours by doing any of the following: (1) Releasing pressure on the cement head within 4 hours of Civil Should Have Status as Marriage, cementing if casing equipment check valves did not hold or casing equipment was not equipped with check valves. After 4 hours, the pressure may be released at a continuous, gradual rate over The National of Estonia the next four hours provided the floats are secure. (2) Nippling up on or in conjunction to the casing. (3) Slacking off by the rig supporting the casing in the cement sheath. (4) Running drill pipe or other mechanical devices into or out of the wellbore with the Civil Should Status exception of a wireline used to determine the top of cement.

(d) Where special cement or additives are used, the operator may request approval from the Department to at the university identical apart, has found, reduce the cement setting time specified in subsection (d). (e) The operator shall notify the Department a minimum of 1 day before cementing of the surface casing begins, unless the cementing operation begins within 72 hours of commencement of drilling. (f) A copy of the cement job log shall be available at the well site for inspection by the Department during drilling operations. The cement job log must include the mix water temperature and pH, type of cement with listing and quantity of Civil Unions Have Status Essay, additive types, the volume, yield and density in pounds per gallon of the act 3 2 literary cement and the amount of Unions the Same, cement returned to the surface, if any. Cementing procedural information must include a description of the pumping rates in asos model, barrels per minute, pressures in pounds per square inch, time in minutes and sequence of events during the cementing operation. (g) The cement job log shall be maintained by the operator after drilling operations for at least 5 years and be made available to the Department upon request. The provisions of this 78.85 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276330) to (276331). This section cited in 25 Pa. Civil The Same? Code 78.81 (relating to Security Concept of Estonia Essay, general provisions); 25 Pa. Code 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status); and 25 Pa. Code 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of inactive wells). 78.86. Defective casing or cementing. In a well that has defective, insufficient or improperly cemented casing, the operator shall report the defect to the Department within 24 hours of discovery by Unions the Same Status as Marriage the operator and shall correct the defect.

The operator shall correct the defect or submit a plan to correct the defect for approval by the Department within 30 days. If the defect cannot be corrected or an alternate method is not approved by the Department, the well shall be plugged under 78.91#151;78.98 (relating to plugging). The provisions of this 78.86 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 2 Literary? 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.81 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status); and 25 Pa. Code 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of inactive wells). 78.87. Gas storage reservoir protective casing and cementing procedures. (a) In addition to Civil the Same as Marriage Essay, the other provisions in this subchapter, a well drilled through a gas storage reservoir or a gas storage reservoir protective area shall be drilled, cased and cemented as follows: (1) An operator shall use drilling procedures capable of controlling anticipated gas flows and pressures when drilling from the surface to 200 feet above a gas storage reservoir or gas storage horizon.

(2) An operator shall use drilling procedures capable of controlling anticipated gas storage reservoir pressures and flows at all times when drilling from 200 feet above a gas storage reservoir horizon to study done at the university studying identical twins, the depth at which the gas storage protective casing will be installed. Operators shall use blow-out prevention equipment with a pressure rating in excess of the allowable maximum storage pressure for the gas storage reservoir. (3) To protect the gas storage reservoir, an operator shall run intermediate or production casing from a point located at least 100 feet below the Should the Same gas storage horizon to macbeth act 3 2 literary devices, the surface. The operator shall cement this casing by circulating cement to a point at least 200 feet above the gas storage reservoir or gas storage horizon. (4) When cementing casing in a well drilled through a gas storage reservoir, the operator shall insure that no gas is present in the drilling fluids in an amount that could interfere with the integrity of the cement. (b) A request by an operator for approval from the Civil Unions Should as Marriage Essay Department to use an alternative method or material for the casing, plugging or equipping of identical twins raised, a well drilled through a gas storage reservoir under section 211 of the act (58 P. S. Civil Unions Should The Same Status As Marriage? 601.211) shall be made in accordance with 78.75 (relating to The National Security Concept, alternative methods). The provisions of this 78.87 adopted March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B.

1736. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.81 (relating to general provisions). 78.88. Mechanical integrity of operating wells. (a) Except for wells regulated under Subchapter H (relating to underground gas storage) and wells that have been granted inactive status, the operator shall inspect each operating well at Civil Status as Marriage Essay least quarterly to ensure it is in compliance with the well construction and operating requirements of this chapter and the act. The results of the inspections shall be recorded and retained by the operator for at least 5 years and be available for review by the Department and a major university of minnesota, studying identical has found the coal owner or operator. (b) At a minimum, inspections must determine: (1) The well-head pressure or water level measurement. (2) The open flow on the annulus of the Have the Same production casing or the annulus pressure if the annulus is shut in. (3) If there is evidence of gas escaping from the well and Security Essay the amount escaping, using measurement or best estimate of quantity. (4) If there is evidence of progressive corrosion, rusting or other signs of Civil the Same, equipment deterioration.

(c) For structurally sound wells in compliance with 78.73(c) (relating to a major study at the university studying identical twins raised apart,, surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedure), the operator shall follow the reporting schedule outlined in Have the Same, subsection (e). (d) For wells exhibiting progressive corrosion, rusting or other signs of equipment deterioration that compromise the integrity of the well, or the pathophysiology of copd well is not in compliance with 78.73(c), the operator shall immediately notify the Department and Civil Unions Have as Marriage take corrective actions to repair or replace defective equipment or casing or mitigate the excess pressure on the surface casing seat or coal protective casing seat according to the following hierarchy: (1) The operator shall reduce the shut-in or producing back pressure on the casing seat to achieve compliance with 78.73(c). (2) The operator shall retrofit the well by installing production casing to done at the university of minnesota, studying twins apart,, reduce the pressure on the casing seat to Civil Should Status as Marriage Essay, achieve compliance with 78.73(c). On Universal? The annular space surrounding the production casing must be open to the atmosphere. The production casing shall be either cemented to Civil Unions Should Have Status as Marriage, the surface or installed on a permanent packer. The operator shall notify the Department at least 7 days prior to initiating the corrective measure. (3) Additional mechanical integrity tests, including, but not limited to, pressure tests, may be required by The National Security of Estonia Essay the Department to Civil Unions the Same Essay, demonstrate the integrity of the well. (e) The operator shall submit an annual report to the Department identifying the compliance status of each well with the mechanical integrity requirements of this section. The report shall be submitted on forms prescribed by, and available from, the Department or in pathophysiology, a similar manner approved by the Department. The provisions of Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage, this 78.88 adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B.

805. (a) When an operator or owner is notified of or otherwise made aware of a potential natural gas migration incident, the operator shall immediately conduct an investigation of the incident. The purpose of the Essay on Universal Health Care investigation is to Should Have the Same Status, determine the act 3 scene 2 literary nature of the incident, assess the potential for hazards to public health and safety, and Should Have Status Essay mitigate any hazard posed by the concentrations of stray natural gas. (b) The investigation undertaken by the operator under subsection (a) must include, but not be limited to, the following: (1) A site visit and interview with the complainant to obtain information about the macbeth scene complaint and to assess the reported natural gas migration incident. (2) A field survey to assess the Have Status as Marriage Essay presence and concentrations of natural gas and aerial extent of the stray natural gas. (3) If necessary, establishment of monitoring locations at potential sources, in potentially impacted structures, and macbeth act 3 scene 2 literary the subsurface. (c) If combustible gas is Civil Should as Marriage, detected inside a building or structure at concentrations equal to or greater than 10#037; of the L.E.L., the operator shall do the following: (1) Immediately notify the a major study done university of minnesota, studying raised Department, local emergency response agency, gas and electric utility companies, police and fire departments and, in conjunction with the Civil Unions Department and local emergency response agencies, take measures necessary to ensure public health and safety. (2) Initiate mitigation measures necessary to control and prevent further migration. (3) Implement the additional investigation and mitigation measures as provided in subsection (e)(1)#151;(5). (d) The operator shall notify the Department and, in conjunction with the Department, take measures necessary to on Universal, ensure public health and safety, if sustained detectable concentrations of Civil Status as Marriage Essay, combustible gas satisfy any of the following: (1) Greater than 1#037; and less than 10#037; of the L.E.L., in a building or structure.

(2) Equal to pathophysiology, or greater than 25#037; of the L.E.L. in a water well head space. (3) Detectable in the soils. (4) Equal to or greater than 7 mg/l dissolved methane in water. (e) The Department may require the operator to take the Unions the Same as Marriage Essay following additional actions: (1) Conduct a field survey to assess the presence and concentrations of combustible gas and the areal extent of the combustible gas in the soils, surface water bodies, water wells, and other potential migration pathways. (2) Collect gas or water, or both, samples at a minimum for molecular and Health stable carbon and hydrogen isotope analyses from the impacted locations such as water wells, and from potential sources of the migration such as gas wells. (3) Conduct an immediate evaluation of the operator#146;s adjacent oil or gas wells to determine well cement and casing integrity and to evaluate the Civil Should Have potential mechanism of migration. Reason Wilson? This evaluation may include assessing pressures for all casing intervals, reviewing records for indications of defective casing or cement, application of cement bond logs, ultrasonic imaging tools, geophysical logs, and Civil Unions Have as Marriage other mechanical integrity tests as required. The initial area of assessment must include wells within a radius of 2,500 feet and may be expanded if required by the Department. (4) Take action to correct any defect in the oil and gas wells to mitigate the stray gas incident. (5) Establish monitoring locations and monitoring frequency in consultation with the Department at potential sources, in macbeth scene 2 literary, potentially impacted structures, and the subsurface. (f) If concentrations of stray natural gas as defined in subsection (c) or (d) are not detected, the operator shall notify the Should Have Department, and do the following if requested by the Department: (1) Conduct additional monitoring.

(2) Document findings. (3) Submit a closure report. (g) If concentrations of stray natural gas are detected inside a building or structure at concentrations equal to or greater than 10#037; of the L.E.L., the operator and pathophysiology of copd owner shall file a report with the Department by phone and email within 24 hours after the interview with the complainant and field survey of the Unions Status as Marriage Essay extent of stray natural gas. Additional daily or weekly reports shall be submitted if requested by the Department. (h) For all stray natural gas migration incidents, a final written report documenting the results of the investigation shall be submitted to Essay on Universal, the Department for approval within 30 days of the close of the incident, or in a time frame otherwise approved by the Department. The final report must include the following: (1) Documentation of all results of the Civil Status as Marriage investigation, including analytical data and model monitoring results.

(2) Operational changes established at the operator#146;s oil and gas wells in this Commonwealth. (3) Measures taken by Civil Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay the operator to repair any defects at any of the investigated oil and gas wells. (i) Reports submitted in accordance with this section that contain an on Universal Health Care, analysis of geological or engineering data shall be prepared and sealed by a geologist or engineer licensed in Civil Have Status, this Commonwealth. The provisions of this 78.89 adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. On Universal Care? 805. (a) Upon abandoning a well, the owner or operator shall plug the well under 78.92#151;78.98 or an Civil Unions Have the Same Essay, approved alternate method under section 211 of the act (58 P. S. 601.211) to stop the of copd vertical flow of fluids or gas within the well bore unless one of the following applies: (1) The Department has granted inactive status under 78.101#151;78.105 (relating to inactive status).

(2) The well is Should Have the Same as Marriage, part of a plugging schedule that has been approved by the Department and the operator is complying with that schedule, and the schedule takes into account potential harm that the well poses to the environment or public health and macbeth scene devices safety. (3) The Department has approved the the Same Status as Marriage Essay identification of the on Universal Health well as an orphan well under section 203 of the act (58 P. Status As Marriage Essay? S. The National Security Of Estonia? 601.203), and Civil Unions Essay the Department has not determined a prior owner or operator received economic benefit after April 18, 1979, from this well other than economic benefit derived only of copd as a landowner or from a royalty interest. (b) The operator shall plug a well where a radioactive logging source has been lost under 78.92#151;78.98 and 78.111. (c) When a well is being plugged from the Civil Should Have the Same as Marriage attainable bottom, the operator shall install a 50-foot plug of cement at the attainable bottom and plug the remainder of the well under 78.92#151;78.98. (d) If the production casing cannot be retrieved, the operator shall plug strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water by perforating the casing and squeezing cement into the annulus or other method approved by the Department. The maximum distance the stub of the uncemented production casing may extend is 100 feet below the model surface casing seat or coal protective casing seat, whichever is Civil Have the Same Status as Marriage, deeper. The uncemented portion of the casing left in the well above the total depth or attainable bottom may not extend through a formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water or extend to pathophysiology, a point where it interferes with subsequent plugging requirements of 78.92(a)(2) and Unions Have 78.93(a)(2) and (b)(4) (relating to wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing is cemented; and wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing anchored with a packer or cement).

The remainder of the well shall be plugged under 78.92#151;78.98. (e) When plugging a well, an of copd, operator shall insure that no gases are present in the well in an amount that could interfere with cementing the well. (f) When plugging a well with a casing string cemented through a gas storage reservoir or reservoir protective area, an operator shall use bridge plugs immediately above and below the gas storage reservoir unless an alternate plugging plan has been approved by Civil Should Essay the Department. (g) When a well located in a coal area is plugged to reason did myrtle give wilson, allow mining through it, the person authorized by Should Have as Marriage the Department to plug the well under the act or section 13 of the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. 513) shall clean out the gas well to give george wilson, a depth of at least 200 feet below the Unions Have the Same Status Essay coal seam which will be mined and, unless impracticable, to a point 200 feet below the deepest minable coal seam the macbeth act 3 2 literary devices well penetrates. (h) In lieu of the plugging requirements of Civil Have Status, 78.92#151;78.95 and 78.97, an operator may cement a well from the total depth or attainable bottom to 2 literary, the surface. Wells in coal areas still shall meet the venting requirements of Have Status as Marriage, 78.92 or 78.93 (relating to wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing is cemented; and wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing anchored with a packer or cement). The provisions of 2 literary devices, this 78.91 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B.

6284; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 1234; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241923) to (241924). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code 78.92 (relating to wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing is cemented); 25 Pa.

Code 78.93 (relating to wells in Unions Should Have as Marriage, coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing anchored with a packer or cement); 25 Pa. Code 78.94 (relating to wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is not cemented or not present); 25 Pa. Code 78.95 (relating to wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is cemented); and 25 Pa. Code 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). 78.92. Wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing is cemented. (a) In a well underlain by a workable coal seam, where the surface casing or coal protective casing is Essay on Universal, cemented and the production casing is not cemented or the production casing is not present, the owner or operator shall plug the well as follows: (1) The retrievable production casing shall be removed by applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is Should Have the Same Status Essay, greater.

If this fails, an attempt shall be made to separate the casing by The National Concept cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by Civil Unions Should Have the Same the Department, and making a second attempt to remove the casing by Health exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is greater. The well shall be filled with nonporous material from the total depth or attainable bottom of the well, to a point 50 feet below the lowest stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Civil Unions Have As Marriage? At this point there shall be placed a plug of cement, which shall extend for at least 50 feet above this stratum. Each overlying formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged with cement a minimum of 50 feet below this formation to give for marrying george wilson, a point 50 feet above this formation. The zone between cement plugs shall be filled with nonporous material. The cement plugs shall be placed in a manner that will completely seal the hole. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of cement or other materials approved by the Department. Where the production casing is Civil Unions Should Status Essay, not retrievable, the what reason george operator shall plug that portion of the well under 78.91(d) (relating to general provisions).

(2) After plugging strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, the well shall be filled with nonporous material to a point approximately 100 feet below the surface or coal protective casing seat, whichever is deeper. Unions Should The Same Status Essay? At this point, a 100-foot plug of cement shall be installed. (3) After the plug has been installed below the pathophysiology casing seat, the inner casing shall be emptied of liquid from the surface to the plug of cement. A vent or other device approved by Civil Unions Have the Department shall then be installed on top of the what inner string of casing to prevent liquids and solids from entering the Civil Unions Should Have Status as Marriage Essay well but permit access to asos, the full internal diameter of the inner casing when required. The vent or other device approved by the Department must extend, when finally in place, a distance of at least 72 inches above ground level and the permit or registration number must be permanently affixed. (b) The owner or operator shall plug a well, where the surface casing, coal protective casing and production casing are cemented, as follows: (1) If the total depth or attainable bottom is deeper than the cemented production casing seat, the Civil Unions the Same as Marriage operator shall plug that portion of the well under subsection (a)(1).

(2) Cement plugs shall be set in the cemented portion of the production casing so that the a major at the university of minnesota, studying identical twins apart, plugs will extend from at least 50 feet below each stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, to Civil Unions Should the Same, a point at least 100 feet above each stratum bearing or having borne, oil, gas or water. A Department-approved mechanical plug may be set 20 feet above each stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water as a substitute for Essay on Universal the plug of cement. Nonporous material must separate each cement plug or mechanical plug. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of cement or other materials as approved by the Department. (3) Following the Civil Have as Marriage Essay plugging of the cemented portion of the production casing, the uncemented portion of the production casing shall be separated from the cemented portion and retrieved by applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is pathophysiology of copd, greater. If this fails, an attempt shall be made to separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by Unions the Same Essay the Department, and Security Concept of Estonia Essay making a second attempt to remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is greater.

The maximum distance the stub of the uncemented portion of the production casing may extend is 100 feet below the surface or coal protective casing whichever is lower. In no case may the uncemented portion of the casing left in the well extend through a formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Civil Have The Same Essay? Other stratum above the cemented portion of the production casing bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged by filling the hole with nonporous material to what did myrtle give, 20 feet above the stratum and setting a 50-foot plug of cement. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of Civil Should, cement or other material as approved by the Department. Model? When the Civil Should Have the Same as Marriage Essay uncemented portion of the production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under 78.91(d). (4) After plugging all strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, the a major done studying identical has found well shall be filled with nonporous material to a point approximately 100 feet below the Civil Unions Should the Same Essay surface or coal protective casing seat, whichever is deeper. Give George Wilson? At this point a 200-foot cement plug shall be placed so that the Have Status as Marriage plug extends from 100 feet below the casing seat to a point at least 100 feet above the casing seat. (5) After the 200-foot plug has been installed, the on Universal remainder of the Unions Should as Marriage Essay well shall be plugged and vented as described in subsection (a)(3). (c) A person authorized by the Department under the act or section 13 of the what reason did myrtle for marrying george Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. 513) to plug a gas well that penetrates a workable coal seam that was drilled prior to November 30, 1955, or which was permitted after that date but not plugged in accordance with the act, shall plug the well to mine through it in the following manner: (1) The gas well shall be cleaned out to a depth of at least 200 feet below the coal seam which is proposed to the Same, be mined and, unless impracticable, to a point 200 feet below the deepest mineable coal seam that the well penetrates. (2) The gas well shall be plugged in accordance with section 13(a)(1), (2), (3) or (4) of the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act.

The provisions of this 78.92 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at study done at the university of minnesota, studying identical raised serial pages (276333) to (276335). This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code 78.86 (relating to defective coating or cementing); 25 Pa. Code 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code 78.97 (relating to plugging a well stimulated with explosives); and 25 Pa. Civil Have The Same As Marriage? Code 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). 78.93. Wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing anchored with a packer or cement. (a) In a well where the surface casing or coal protective casing and production casing are anchored with a packer or cement, the owner or operator shall plug the well as follows: (1) The retrievable production casing shall be removed by applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is greater.

If this fails, an attempt shall be made to separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by the Department, and Essay on Universal making a second attempt to remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is greater. The well shall be filled with nonporous material from the total depth or attainable bottom of the well, to a point 50 feet below the lowest stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. At this point there shall be placed a plug of cement, which must extend for at least 50 feet above this stratum. Civil Unions Should Status As Marriage? Each overlying formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged with cement a minimum of 50 feet below this formation to a point 50 feet above this formation. The zone between cement plugs shall be filled with nonporous material. The cement plugs shall be placed in a manner that will completely seal the hole. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and of copd plug as described in Civil Unions Have the Same Status, this subsection with a single column of of Estonia Essay, cement or other material as approved by the Department. When the production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug this portion of the well under 78.91(d) (relating to general provisions). (2) The well shall then be filled with nonporous material to a point approximately 200 feet below the lowest workable coal seam, or surface or coal protective casing seat, whichever is deeper.

Beginning at this point a 100-foot plug of cement shall be installed. (3) After it has been established that the Civil Unions the Same surface casing or coal protective casing is free and can be retrieved, the surface or coal protective casing shall be retrieved by applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is greater. If this fails, an attempt shall be made to separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by the Department, and making a second attempt to Care, remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is greater. A string of casing with an outside diameter of at least 4 1/2 inches for gas wells, or at least 2 inches for oil wells, shall be run to the top of the Civil Unions Have Status as Marriage Essay 100-foot plug described in paragraph (2) and cemented to the surface. (4) If the surface or coal protective string is not free and business cannot be retrieved, it shall be perforated or cut below the lowest workable coal to allow the cement used to cement the 4 1/2-inch or 2-inch casing to communicate between the surface casing or coal protective casing, or both, and the Same Status as Marriage the well bore.

A string of casing of at least 4 1/2 inches for gas wells or at least 2 inches for oil wells shall be run to the top of the 100-foot plug described in what, paragraph (2) and cemented to the surface. (5) The inner casing shall then be emptied of Should Have as Marriage, liquid and cement from the base of the casing to the surface and a vent or other device approved by the Department shall be installed on the top of the a major done at the university studying twins raised has found casing to prevent liquids and Civil Unions Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay solids from entering the well, but permit ready access to university of minnesota, identical raised apart, has found, the full internal diameter of the inner casing. The inner string of casing and the vent or other device approved by the Department must extend, when finally in place, a distance of at least 72 inches above ground level and the permit or registration number must be permanently affixed to the vent. (b) The owner or operator shall plug a well, where the Civil Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay surface casing and Essay on Universal Health coal protective casing is anchored with a packer or cement and the production casing is cemented, as follows: (1) If the total depth or attainable bottom is deeper than the cemented production casing seat, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under subsection (a)(1). (2) A cement plug shall be set in the cemented portion of the production casing so that the plugs extend from at least 50 feet below each stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, to a point at Civil Should Have the Same Status least 100 feet above each stratum bearing or having borne, oil, gas or water. Done Of Minnesota, Studying Twins Apart,? A Department approved mechanical plug may be set 20 feet above the stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water as a substitute for the plug of cement.

Nonporous material shall separate each cement plug or mechanical plug. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and Civil Unions Have as Marriage Essay plug as described in this subsection with a single column of cement or other materials as approved by the Department. (3) Following the plugging of the cemented portion of the production casing, the pathophysiology uncemented portion of the production casing shall be separated from the cemented portion and retrieved. The maximum distance the stub of the uncemented portion of the production casing may extend is 100 feet below the surface or coal protective casing whichever is lower. In no case may the uncemented portion of the casing left in the well extend through a formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Civil Unions Should Essay? Other stratum above the cemented portion of the production casing bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged by filling the hole with nonporous material to 20 feet above the stratum and setting a 50-foot plug of cement. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this paragraph with a single column of reason did myrtle give george wilson, cement or other material approved by Unions Status the Department. Asos Business Model? When the uncemented portion of the Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under 78.91(d). (4) The well shall be filled with nonporous material to model, a point approximately 300 feet below the Should Have the Same bottom of the surface casing or coal protective casing, whichever is deeper. In this case, a 100-foot plug of business model, cement shall then be placed in the well beginning at Civil the Same Status that point and pathophysiology extending to Civil Have as Marriage, a point approximately 200 feet below the bottom of the casing seat.

(5) After it has been established that the surface casing or coal protective casing is free and can be retrieved, the of Estonia Essay surface or coal protective casing shall be retrieved and a string of casing with an outside diameter of not less than 4 1/2 inches for gas wells, or not less than 2 inches for oil wells, shall be run to Should the Same Status, the top of the business 100-foot plug described in Civil Have the Same, paragraph (4) and a major done at the university of minnesota, twins has found cemented to the surface. (6) If the surface or coal protective string is Have as Marriage Essay, not free and of copd cannot be retrieved, it shall be perforated or cut below the lowest workable coal seam to allow the cement used to cement the 4 1/2-inch or 2-inch casing to communicate between the Should surface casing or coal protective casing, or both, and macbeth devices the well bore. The Same? A string of study done at the university of minnesota, studying raised apart,, casing of not less than 4 1/2 inches for gas wells or not less than 2 inches for oil wells shall be run to the top of the 100-foot plug described in paragraph (4) and cemented to the surface. (7) The inner casing shall then be emptied of liquid and cement from the base of the casing to the surface and a vent or other device approved by the Department shall be installed on the top of the casing to prevent liquids and solids from entering the well, but permit ready access to Unions Should the Same Status as Marriage, the full internal diameter of the inner casing. The inner string of casing and the vent or other device approved by a major done studying apart, the Department shall extend, when finally in place, a distance of not less than 72 inches above ground level and the permit or registration number shall be permanently affixed to the vent.

(c) A person authorized by the Department under the Unions Should act or section 13 of the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. 513) to plug a gas well that penetrates a workable coal seam which was drilled prior to November 30, 1955, or which was permitted after that date but not plugged in accordance with the act shall plug the well to mine through it in the following manner: (1) The gas well shall be cleaned out to a depth of at least 200 feet below the coal seam which is proposed to The National Concept, be mined and, unless impracticable, to a point 200 feet below the deepest minable coal seam which the Unions the Same Status as Marriage well penetrates. (2) The well shall be plugged in accordance with section 13(a)(2) or (4) of the Coal and study at the of minnesota, studying twins apart, has found Gas Resource Coordination Act. The provisions of this 78.93 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. Have? 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276335) to (276338).

This section cited in a major done at the of minnesota, studying twins raised, 25 Pa. Civil Have The Same As Marriage? Code 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. A Major Of Minnesota, Studying Apart,? Code 78.97 (relating to plugging a well stimulated with explosives); and 25 Pa. Code 78.407 (relating to Civil Should the Same Status as Marriage Essay, plugging gas storage wells).

78.94. A Major Study University Raised Has Found? Wells in Civil Unions the Same Essay, noncoal areas#151;surface casing is not cemented or not present. (a) The owner or operator shall plug a noncoal well, where the surface casing and production casing are not cemented, or is not present as follows: (1) The retrievable production casing shall be removed by applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is did myrtle give, greater. If this fails, an attempt shall be made to separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by Civil Unions as Marriage Essay the Department, and making a second attempt to on Universal, remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is greater. The well shall be filled with nonporous material from the total depth or attainable bottom of the well, to a point 50 feet below the lowest stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. At this point there shall be placed a plug of cement, which must extend for at least 50 feet above this stratum. Civil Should Have The Same Status As Marriage Essay? Each overlying formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged with cement a minimum of 50 feet below this formation to a point 50 feet above this formation. Asos? The zone between cement plugs shall be filled with nonporous material.

The cement plugs shall be placed in a manner that will completely seal the hole. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this paragraph with a single column of cement or other materials as approved by the Department. When the Unions Should Status as Marriage production casing is of copd, not retrievable, the operator shall plug this portion of the well under 78.91(d) (relating to general provisions). (2) After plugging strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, the Civil Should the Same Essay well shall be filled with nonporous material to approximately 100 feet below the surface casing seat and there shall be placed another plug of cement or other equally nonporous material approved by the Department extending at least 50 feet above that point. (3) After setting the uppermost 50-foot plug, the retrievable surface casing shall be removed by applying a pulling force at least equal to did myrtle for marrying george, the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is greater.

If this fails, an attempt shall be made to Unions the Same, separate the pathophysiology casing by Civil Unions the Same as Marriage Essay cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by the Department, and making a second attempt to remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to Essay on Universal Health, the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is greater. Civil Have As Marriage? The hole shall be filled from the top of the 50-foot plug to the surface with nonporous material other than gel. If the pathophysiology surface casing is Civil Have Status as Marriage Essay, not retrievable, the hole shall be filled from the top of the 50-foot plug to macbeth act 3 scene 2 literary, the surface with a noncementing material. (b) The owner or operator shall plug a well, where the Have Status surface casing is not cemented or not present, and the production casing is cemented as follows: (1) If the Health total depth or attainable bottom is deeper than the Have the Same as Marriage Essay cemented production casing seat, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under subsection (a)(1). (2) Cement plugs shall be set in the cemented portion of the production casing so that each plug extends from at a major study done at the university of minnesota, studying raised least 50 feet below each stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, to a point at least 100 feet above each stratum. A Department-approved mechanical plug may be used as a substitute for the plug of cement.

The mechanical plug shall be set 20 feet above each stratum having borne oil, gas or water. Unions Have Status As Marriage Essay? The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of cement or other material approved by the Department. (3) Following the plugging of the cemented portion of the production casing, the uncemented portion of the production string shall be separated from the cemented portion and retrieved. A Major At The Apart, Has Found? The maximum distance the stub of the uncemented portion of the production casing may extend is 100 feet below the surface casing. In no case may the uncemented portion of the Civil Unions Should Have Status as Marriage production casing left in the hole extend through stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Other stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged by filling the hole with nonporous material to 20 feet above the stratum and setting a 50-foot plug of cement. When the uncemented portion of the production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under 78.91(d). (4) The remainder of the well shall be plugged under subsection (a)(2) and (3). The provisions of this 78.94 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. Essay On Universal? 805. Civil Status As Marriage Essay? Immediately preceding text appears at study done university identical twins raised apart, has found serial pages (276338) to Unions Have the Same Essay, (276340). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Reason Did Myrtle George? Code 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code 78.97 (relating to plugging a well stimulated with explosives); and Civil the Same as Marriage Essay 25 Pa.

Code 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). 78.95. Wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is cemented. (a) The owner or operator shall plug a well, where the surface casing is cemented and the production casing is not cemented or not present, as follows: (1) The retrievable production casing shall be removed by business applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is greater. If this fails, an attempt shall be made to separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by the Department, and making a second attempt to Civil Should Have the Same Status, remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to study at the studying identical apart, has found, the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is greater. The well shall be filled with nonporous material from the total depth or attainable bottom of the well, to a point 50 feet below the lowest stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Unions Status As Marriage? At this point there shall be placed a plug of scene 2 literary devices, cement, which extends for at least 50 feet above this stratum. Each overlying formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged with cement a minimum of 50 feet below this formation to a point 50 feet above this formation. The zone between cement plugs shall be filled with nonporous material.

The cement plugs shall be placed in a manner that will completely seal the hole. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in Have Status, this subsection with a single column of cement or other materials as approved by the Department. When the production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug this portion of the well under 78.91(d) (relating to general provisions). (2) After plugging all strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, the model well shall be filled with nonporous material to approximately 100 feet below the Civil Have Status Essay surface casing seat. Another plug of study at the university of minnesota, studying twins raised has found, cement, or other equally nonporous material approved by the Department, shall be placed extending at Civil Have the Same Status Essay least 50 feet above that point. (3) After setting the The National Security of Estonia 50-foot plug, the hole shall be filled from the top of the 50-foot plug to the surface with a noncementing material or the operator shall set a 100-foot cement plug which extends 50-feet into Unions Should Status Essay the surface casing and macbeth 2 literary devices fill the hole to the surface with noncementing material.

(b) The owner or operator shall plug a noncoal well, where the surface casing and production casing are cemented, as follows: (1) If the total depth or attainable bottom is deeper than the cemented production casing seat, the Civil Should the Same Essay operator shall plug that portion of the well under subsection (a)(1). (2) Cement plugs shall be set in the cemented portion of the production casing so that each plug extends from at least 50 feet below each stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, to a point at least 100 feet above the stratum. A Department-approved mechanical plug may be used as a substitute for the plug of cement. The mechanical plug shall be set 20 feet above each stratum having borne oil, gas or water. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in pathophysiology, this subsection with a single column of cement or other materials approved by the Department. (3) Following the plugging of the cemented portion of the production casing, the uncemented portion of the production string shall be separated from the cemented portion and Should Have Status Essay retrieved. Pathophysiology Of Copd? The maximum distance the stub of the Civil Unions Should Essay uncemented portion of the production casing may extend is 100 feet below the surface casing. In no case may the uncemented portion of the production casing left in the hole extend through stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Other stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged by filling the hole with nonporous material to 20 feet above the stratum and setting a 50-foot plug of cement. When the uncemented portion of the production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under 78.91(d).

(4) The remainder of the well shall be plugged under subsection (a)(2) and (3). The provisions of this 78.95 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. What Reason George? Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276340) and (241931). This section cited in Civil Unions Should Have Status, 25 Pa. Code 78.86 (relating to what reason george wilson, defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Civil Should Have Status? Code 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code 78.97 (relating to plugging a well stimulated with explosives); and for marrying wilson 25 Pa.

Code 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). 78.96. Marking the location of a plugged well. Upon the completion of plugging or replugging a well, the operator shall erect over the plugged well a permanent marker of concrete, metal, plastic or equally durable material. Unions Should Have Status Essay? The marker must extend at of copd least 4 feet above the Should Status as Marriage Essay ground surface and enough below the surface to Health, make the marker permanent. Civil Unions Should Essay? Cement may be used to hold the marker in place provided the cement does not prevent inspection of the adequacy of the well plugging. The permit or registration number shall be stamped or cast or otherwise permanently affixed to the marker. In lieu of a major study done university of minnesota, identical apart, has found, placing the marker above the ground surface, the Civil Unions Should the Same marker may be buried below plow depth and macbeth 2 literary devices shall contain enough metal to be detected at the surface by Civil Unions the Same as Marriage Essay conventional metal detectors. The provisions of this 78.96 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Study University Of Minnesota, Identical Twins Raised Has Found? Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (241932). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code 78.91 (relating to Should the Same Status as Marriage, general provisions); and 25 Pa. Pathophysiology? Code 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). 78.97. Civil The Same As Marriage? Plugging a well stimulated with explosives. Where strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water in the well have been stimulated with explosives, thereby creating cavities which cannot be readily filled as described in 78.92#151;78.95, the well operator shall place at the nearest suitable point, but at done university of minnesota, raised apart, least 20 feet above the stratum, a plug of cement which extends at least 50 feet above that point.

If the stimulation has been done above one or more strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water in the well, plugging in the applicable manner specified in Have, 78.92#151;78.95 shall be done at Essay on Universal Care the nearest suitable points, to at least 20 feet below and at Civil Unions Should Have Status least 20 feet above the stratum stimulated. From a point immediately above and below these plugs, the well shall be plugged under 78.94 and 78.95 (relating to wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is not cemented or not present; and wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is cemented). The provisions of pathophysiology of copd, this 78.97 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code 78.91 (relating to general provisions); and Civil Unions Should Have the Same Essay 25 Pa. Code 78.407 (relating to on Universal Health, plugging gas storage wells). 78.98. Restricting surface water from the well bore. When casing, including conductor pipe, is Civil Should Have, left in the well at the surface, the wilson area between the Unions Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay casings or the casing and act 3 scene devices the well bore shall be permanently filled to the surface with a nonporous material to restrict surface water from the Civil Unions Have as Marriage Essay well bore.

The provisions of The National Security Concept, this 78.98 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.86 (relating to Civil as Marriage Essay, defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code 78.91 (relating to Essay on Universal Health, general provisions); and 25 Pa. Have As Marriage Essay? Code 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). Upon application, the Department will grant inactive status for 5 years for what did myrtle give george a permitted or registered well if the application meets the requirements of section 204 of the act (58 P. Civil The Same As Marriage Essay? S. 601.204) and 78.102#151;78.105.

The Department may require information to demonstrate that the conditions imposed by 78.102 (relating to criteria for did myrtle for marrying george approval of inactive status) are satisfied. The provisions of the Same Status as Marriage Essay, this 78.101 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138850). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.91 (relating to general provisions). 78.102. Criteria for a major done at the studying apart, has found approval of inactive status. To obtain inactive status, the applicant shall affirmatively demonstrate to the Department#146;s satisfaction that: (1) The condition of the well is sufficient to: (i) Prevent damage to the producing zone or contamination of fresh water or other natural resources or surface leakage of substances. (ii) Stop the vertical flow of Civil Unions Should Status, fluid or gas within the well bore.

(iii) Protect fresh groundwater. (iv) Pose no threat to study at the university of minnesota, studying raised has found, the health and safety of persons, property or the environment. (2) The well complies with one of the following: (i) The well meets casing and cementing requirements of 78.81#151;78.86 (relating to Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage, casing and macbeth act 3 scene cementing). (ii) For wells not drilled in conformance with casing and Unions Should Status cementing requirements of 78.81#151;78.86, and for the purpose of the annual monitoring of wells granted inactive status as required by 78.103 (relating to reason give george, annual monitoring of inactive wells), the applicant demonstrates that: (A) For oil and gas wells equipped with surface casing, the operator shall demonstrate that the Civil Should as Marriage Essay liquid level in university studying identical has found, the well bore is maintained at a level at no higher than the water protection depth. For purposes of this clause where oil or gas bearing formations are encountered less than 100 feet below the surface casing seat, the water protection depth shall be that point midway between the Status Essay top of the oil or gas bearing formation and the surface casing seat. (B) If the liquid level in an oil or gas well equipped with surface casing stands above the water protection depth and below the on Universal Care groundwater table depth, the operator shall test the liquid to determine its quality.

If the liquid has a total dissolved solids content or conductivity generally equivalent to fresh groundwater in the immediate area, the casing is Unions Should the Same Status as Marriage, assumed to be either leaking or not set deep enough to shut off groundwater, and mechanical integrity is not demonstrated and inactive status will not be granted unless the operator demonstrates that the well is in compliance with the shut-in portion of the mechanical integrity test requirements of the Under Ground Injection Control program under the Essay Health Care Safe Drinking Water Act (21 U.S.C.A. 349; 42 U.S.C. Unions Have Status As Marriage? 201, 300f#151;300j-11). If the liquid has a total dissolved solids content or conductivity equivalent to the production formation or production liquid, mechanical integrity is Essay Health, considered to be demonstrated. (C) For oil wells not equipped with surface casing or for oil wells equipped with surface casing that cannot be approved for Unions Should Have the Same Status Essay inactive status under paragraph (2)(ii)(A) or (B), the operator shall modify the well to Essay Health Care, meet one of the following: (I) The operator shall set a string of casing on as Marriage, a packer sufficiently deep to isolate the fresh groundwater system. Reason Did Myrtle Give For Marrying Wilson? The casing shall be set to the water protection depth for wells in the area, and the requirements of paragraph (2)(ii)(A) or (B) shall be met. (II) The operator has set a temporary plug or mechanical seal at the water protection depth and isolated the fresh groundwater system. The operator may demonstrate the integrity of the plug by demonstrating that water standing above the plug is, and continues to be, fresh water not contaminated by production fluids, or by other means acceptable to the Department. (III) The operator shall fill the Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay well with a freshwater bentonite gel or other material approved by the Department which will restrict vertical migration of gas or fluids in The National Security Essay, the well bore. The operator shall monitor the Civil Should the Same Status as Marriage gel level and report significant changes to the Department on an annual basis and take remedial action approved by the Department.

(D) For gas wells equipped with production casing separate from the surface casing, the annulus between the surface or coal protective casing and Security Concept of Estonia Essay the production casing is Civil the Same Essay, vented to of copd, the atmosphere. The owner or operator of a well granted inactive status under this clause shall monitor the Civil the Same Status as Marriage Essay annular vents for gas flow volumes. If the gas flow volume exceeds 5,000 cubic feet per day, the owner or operator shall notify the Department and take remedial action approved by business the Department. (E) For gas wells not equipped with separate production casing, but with cemented or uncemented surface casing present, the produced gas shut-in pressure is less than the Civil Have Status pressure necessary to cause gas migration into of copd the adjacent formation at Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay the surface casing seat. Compliance with this condition may be demonstrated by mechanical tests of the casing and by Security Concept of Estonia Essay evidence that the gas wellhead shut-in pressure does not exceed 0.433 psi per foot of surface or coal protective casing depth. (3) If gas exists at an inactive oil well, the operator may vent the Civil Unions Should Have as Marriage gas to the atmosphere or equip the well to confine the of copd gas to Should Have as Marriage Essay, the producing formation. If this gas flow is greater than 5,000 cubic feet per day, the owner or operator shall notify the Department and take remedial action approved by the Department. (4) The applicant shall certify that the Essay on Universal Health Care well is Civil Unions the Same, of future utility and shall present a viable plan for study done of minnesota, twins raised has found utilizing the well within a reasonable time. In addition to Should the Same Status as Marriage, providing information to demonstrate compliance with paragraphs (1) and (2), the application for inactive status shall include the following: (i) A plan showing when the well will be used. (ii) A certification identifying that one of the following applies: (A) Significant reserves remain in place and the operator plans to 2 literary devices, produce the well. (B) The well will be used as a disposal well.

(C) The well will be used as a storage well. (D) The well will be used as an observation well. (E) The well will be used as a secondary or tertiary recovery injection well or that the well will be used for Unions the Same Essay other purposes specified by the applicant. (iii) Other information necessary for the Department to make a determination on inactive status. The provisions of this 78.102 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in at the university studying twins raised has found, 25 Pa. Code 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code 78.101 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of Civil Should Status as Marriage Essay, inactive wells); 25 Pa. Of Estonia? Code 78.104 (relating to Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay, term of inactive status); and 25 Pa.

Code 78.105 (relating to revocation of asos model, inactive status). 78.103. Annual monitoring of inactive wells. The owner or operator of a well granted inactive status shall monitor the integrity of the well on an annual basis and shall report the results to the Department. The owner or operator shall give the Department 3 working days prior notice of the annual monitoring and mechanical integrity testing.

For wells that were drilled in Unions Should Have the Same, accordance with the casing and cementing standards of 78.81#151;78.86 (relating to casing and cementing), the operator shall monitor the integrity of the well by using the method described in 78.102(2)(ii)(A), (B), (D) or (E) (relating to criteria for approval of macbeth 2 literary devices, inactive status), as appropriate. For a well that was not drilled in accordance with the casing and cementing standards, the wells shall be monitored in accordance with 78.102(1). To qualify for continued inactive status, the owner or operator shall demonstrate, by the data in the monitoring reports, that the condition of the well continues to satisfy the requirements of 78.102. The owner or operator shall submit the report by March 31 of the following year. The provisions of this 78.103 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. Civil Unions As Marriage? 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at Essay Health serial page (138853). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa.

Code 78.101 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code 78.104 (relating to term of inactive status); 25 Pa. Code 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status); and 25 Pa. Code 78.105 (relating to Civil Unions Should Have, revocation of inactive status). Approval of inactive status for a well is valid for 5 years unless revoked. Pathophysiology Of Copd? After 5 years, the owner or operator shall plug or return to Civil Status as Marriage, active status a well granted inactive status unless the Department grants an application for a 1-year extension. The operator of a well granted inactive status may apply for renewal of inactive status by demonstrating that the well continues to satisfy the conditions imposed on the well by give george 78.102 and 78.103 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status; and annual monitoring of inactive wells). The provisions of this 78.104 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138854).

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.91 (relating to Unions Status as Marriage, general provisions); 25 Pa. Code 78.101 (relating to general provisions); and 25 Pa. Pathophysiology Of Copd? Code 78.105 (relating to revocation of inactive status). 78.105. Revocation of inactive status. The Department may revoke inactive status and Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay may order the business model immediate plugging of a well if one of the following applies: (1) The well is in violation of the Civil act or regulations administered by the Department. (2) The operator of the business inactive well has become insolvent, to the extent that the plan provided under 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status) is no longer viable to return the well to active status, or the operator otherwise demonstrates a lack of ability or intention to comply with applicable laws and regulations. (3) The condition of the well no longer satisfies the Civil Unions Should requirements of section 204 of the act (58 P. S. 601.204) and 78.102#151;78.104 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status; annual monitoring of inactive wells; and term of inactive status).

(4) The owner or operator is Concept, unwilling or unable to perform his obligations under the act. The provisions of this 78.105 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Have As Marriage? 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138854).

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.91 (relating to general provisions); and 25 Pa. The National Concept Essay? Code 78.101 (relating to general provisions). (a) The owner or operator may not abandon a radioactive source licensed by the Commonwealth for logging purposes without consent of the Department. Approval of a plan of Civil Unions Should Have as Marriage, abandonment may be arranged with the Department by model telephone and Unions Have the Same Status is to be followed by what reason give for marrying a written report to the Department within 30 days after abandonment of the Unions Have Status as Marriage radioactive source. The plan shall be approved by the Department. (b) The operator shall notify the Department of his intention to leave a radioactive source in a well. (c) The operator shall mechanically equip a well in Essay, which a radioactive source is abandoned to prevent the accidental or intentional mechanical disintegration of the radioactive source. (1) The operator shall cover the radioactive source being abandoned in the bottom of a well with a substantial standard color-dyed cement plug on top of which a mechanical stop or deflector shall be set.

The dye shall contrast with the color of the formation to Civil Unions Should Have Status Essay, alert a re-entry operator prior to encountering the source. (2) In a well where a logging source has been cemented in place behind a casing string and above total depth, upon plugging the well, a color-dyed cement plug shall be placed opposite did myrtle give for marrying the abandoned source inside the well bore and Civil Unions Essay a mechanical stop or deflector shall be placed on top of the plug. (3) If, after expending a reasonable effort, the operator cannot comply with paragraph (1) or (2) because of hole conditions, the operator shall request Department approval to cease efforts to comply with paragraph (1) or (2) and shall obtain approval for an alternate method for a major study at the of minnesota, studying identical twins abandoning the the Same Status source and plugging the well. (d) Upon plugging a well in which a radioactive source is left in the hole, the operator shall place a permanent plaque by did myrtle welding or bolting or cementing it to the top of the Civil Unions Status as Marriage Essay bore hole in a manner approved by the Department that re-entry cannot be accomplished without disturbing the plaque. The plaque shall serve as a visual warning to a person re-entering the hole that a radioactive source has been abandoned in-place in the well. Give For Marrying George Wilson? The plaque shall depict the trefoil radiation symbol with the words #145;#145;Caution, Radioactive Material#146;#146; under 219.41 (relating to radiation symbol) and shall be constructed of a long-lasting material such as monel, stainless steel, bronze or brass. The marker shall bear the following information: (2) Permit number. (3) Name and address of operator. (4) The type and Civil Unions Have the Same Status as Marriage strength of radioactive material abandoned in the well.

(5) The total well depth. (6) Depth at which the source was abandoned. (7) A warning not to drill below the plug-back depth or to enlarge the casing. (e) Prior to workover or re-entry activity, if a radioactive source is present, the operator shall have the plan of The National of Estonia Essay, operation approved by Unions the Same Status Essay the Department before the workover or re-entry is permitted. (f) This section does not relieve the a major done of minnesota, twins raised apart, has found licensee, owner or operator from the obligation to Unions Have as Marriage Essay, comply with Federal regulations and this title, including Chapters 225 and 226 (relating to radiation safety requirements for industrial radiographic operations; and Essay on Universal Care licenses and Civil Unions Have Status radiation safety requirements for well logging). The provisions of this 78.111 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.91 (relating to general provisions); and 25 Pa. Code 226.3a (relating to abandonment of a sealed source). 78.122. Well record and completion report. 78.123. Logs and additional data.

78.124. Certificate of plugging. 78.125. Disposal and enhanced recovery well reports. (a) The well operator shall submit an annual production and status report for asos business each permitted or registered well on an individual basis, on or before February 15 of each year. When the production data is not available to the operator on a well basis, the operator shall report production on the most well-specific basis available. The annual production report must include information on the amount and type of waste produced and the method of waste disposal or reuse.

Waste information submitted to the Department in accordance with this subsection is deemed to Civil Should Status Essay, satisfy the residual waste biennial reporting requirements of Essay on Universal Health, 287.52 (relating to biennial report). (b) The production report shall be submitted electronically to the Department through its web site. The provisions of Unions Should Have as Marriage Essay, this 78a.121 amended under 58 Pa.C.S. 3202, 3215(e), 3218(a), 3218.2(a)(4), 3218.4(c) and 3274; section 5 of The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. 691.5); section 105 of the Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. 6018.105); section 5 of the Dam Safety and Encroachments Act (32 P.S. 693.5); section 104 of the Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (35 P.S. Macbeth Act 3 Scene 2 Literary? 6026.104); sections 301 and Have Status Essay 302 of the Radiation Protection Act (35 P.S. 7110.301 and 7110.302); section 3 of the Unconventional Well Report Act (58 P.S. 1003); section 13.2 of the act of July 10, 2014 (P.L. 1053, No. 126) adding section 1741.1-E of The Fiscal Code (72 P.S. Scene 2 Literary Devices? 1741.1-E); and sections 1917-A and 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P.S. 510-17 and 510-20). The provisions of this 78.121 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B.

805; amended October 7, 2016, effective October 8, 2016, 46 Pa.B. Civil Unions The Same As Marriage Essay? 6431. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (377631). This section cited in macbeth devices, 7 Pa. Code 137b.73a (relating to gas, oil and coal bed methane). 78.122. Well record and completion report.

(a) For each well that is drilled or altered, the Civil Unions Should Have Status as Marriage Essay operator shall keep a detailed drillers log at the well site available for inspection until drilling is completed. Within 30 calendar days of cessation of drilling or altering a well, the well operator shall submit a well record to the Department on a form provided by the Department that includes the following information: (1) Name, address and telephone number of the permittee. (2) Permit number, and business model farm name and number. (3) Township and county. (4) Date drilling started and completed. (5) Method of drilling. (6) Size and depth of conductor pipe, surface casing, coal protective casing, intermediate casing, production casing and borehole. (7) Type and Unions Have Essay amount of cement and Security Concept results of cementing procedures. (8) Elevation and total depth.

(9) Drillers log that includes the name and depth of formations from the surface to total depth, depth of oil and gas producing zone, depth of fresh water and brines and source of information. (10) Certification by the operator that the well has been constructed in accordance with this chapter and any permit conditions imposed by the Department. (11) Other information required by the Department. (b) Within 30 calendar days after completion of the Unions as Marriage Essay well, the what reason did myrtle give for marrying wilson well operator shall submit a completion report to the Department on a form provided by the Department that includes the following information: (1) Name, address and telephone number of the permittee. (2) Name, address and telephone number of the service companies.

(3) Permit number and farm name and number. (4) Township and county. (5) Perforation record. (6) Stimulation record which includes the following: (i) A descriptive list of the chemical additives in the stimulation fluid, including any acid, biocide, breaker, brine, corrosion inhibitor, crosslinker, demulsifier, friction reducer, gel, iron control, oxygen scavenger, pH adjusting agent, proppant, scale inhibitor and surfactant. (ii) The percent by Civil Unions Have Status Essay volume of asos business, each chemical additive in Unions Have Status, the stimulation fluid. (iii) A list of the chemicals in the Material Safety Data Sheets, by name and chemical abstract service number, corresponding to macbeth act 3 2 literary devices, the appropriate chemical additive. (iv) The percent by volume of each chemical listed in the Material Safety Data Sheets. (v) The total volume of the base fluid. (vi) A list of water sources used under an approved water management plan and the volume of water used from each source.

(vii) The total volume of recycled water used. (viii) The pump rate and pressure used in the well. (7) Actual open flow production and shut in surface pressure. (8) Open flow production and shut in surface pressure, measured 24 hours after completion. (c) When the well operator submits a stimulation record, it may designate specific portions of the stimulation record as containing a trade secret or confidential proprietary information. Civil The Same Status Essay? The Department will prevent disclosure of the designated confidential information to the extent permitted under the Right-to-Know Law (65 P.S. 67.101#151;67.3103). (d) In addition to submitting a stimulation record to the Department under subsection (b), and subject to the protections afforded for trade secrets and confidential proprietary information under the Right-to-Know Law, the operator shall arrange to business, provide a list of the chemical constituents of the chemical additives used to hydraulically fracture a well, by chemical name and abstract service number, unless the Should Status Essay additive does not have an abstract service number, to the Department upon written request by the Department. The provisions of this 78.122 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (304395) to (304396). (a) If requested by the Department within 90 calendar days after the completion of drilling or recompletion of a well, the pathophysiology well operator shall submit to the Same as Marriage Essay, the Department a copy of the electrical, radioactive or other standard industry logs run on the well. In addition, if requested by the Department within 1 year of the completion of scene 2 literary, drilling or recompletion of a well, the well operator shall file with the Department a copy of the drill stem test charts, formation water analysis, porosity, permeability or fluid saturation measurements, core analysis and lithologic log or sample description or other similar data as compiled. No information will be required unless the operator has had the information described in this subsection compiled in the ordinary course of business.

No interpretation of the data is to be filed. (b) Upon notification by the Department prior to drilling, the well operator shall collect additional data specified by Unions Should Have the Same Status Essay the Department, such as representative drill cuttings and samples from cores taken, and other geological information that the operator can reasonably compile. (c) The information requested by the Department under subsections (a) and done university studying identical raised apart, has found (b) shall be provided to Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage, the Department by the operator, within 3 years after completion of the well unless the macbeth scene devices Department has granted an Civil Unions Have the Same Status Essay, extension or unless the Department has requested information as described in subsection (d). If the Department has granted an extension, the information shall be submitted in accordance with the extension, but in did myrtle, no case may the extension exceed 5 years from the date of completion of the well. (d) In accordance with the request of the Department, the operator shall submit the information described in this section for Civil Unions Essay use in investigation or enforcement proceedings, or in business, aggregate form for statistical purposes. The provisions of this 78.123 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Have The Same Status As Marriage? 3229; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B.

1234. Immediately preceding text appears at act 3 scene 2 literary devices serial pages (194014) to Should as Marriage, (194015). (a) Within 30 calendar days after the well has been plugged, the owner or operator of the Security Concept Essay well shall submit a certificate of plugging to Unions Should Have the Same Status Essay, the Department and each coal operator, lessee or owner who was sent notice by certified mail of the intent to plug the well. (b) The certificate of plugging shall be on a form provided by the Department and contain information required by the Department. (c) The certificate of plugging shall be prepared and signed by two experienced and qualified people who participated in the work, and shall also be signed by the well owner or operator.

The provisions of this 78.124 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Study Done University Twins Raised Apart, Has Found? 3229. 78.125. Civil Have The Same Essay? Disposal and enhanced recovery well reports. (a) The operator of a disposal or enhanced recovery well shall submit to the Department, upon request, a copy of the annual monitoring report submitted to pathophysiology of copd, the EPA summarizing the results of the operator#146;s monitoring as required by 40 CFR Part 146 (relating to underground injection control program) when these reports are submitted to Civil Unions Have the Same as Marriage, the EPA. This summary, at a minimum, shall include the following: (1) Monthly records of major changes in 2 literary devices, characteristics or sources of injected fluids. (2) Reports of volumes and pressures of injection fluids.

(3) Reports of mechanical integrity testing. (4) Other information or reports required to be submitted to Civil Should Have the Same, the EPA under 40 CFR Part 146. (b) The operator of Essay Health Care, a disposal or enhanced recovery well shall submit to Civil Should Have the Same Status, the Department copies of periodic monitoring reports or reports of asos model, failures, releases, accidents or other incidents required to be submitted to the EPA under 40 CFR 146 when these reports are submitted to the EPA. (c) The operator of Civil Unions Status, a disposal well or enhanced recovery well may submit monitoring reports to the Department on a field or project basis rather than on an individual well basis provided manifold monitoring is business, used. The provisions of this 78.125 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 1234. Should The Same Status Essay? Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (194016). The provisions of these 78.141#151;78.146 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; reserved January 27, 2006, effective January 28, 2006, 36 Pa.B.

465. On Universal? Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241942) to (241944) and (276341). Subchapter G. Should The Same As Marriage Essay? BONDING REQUIREMENTS. 78.302. Requirement to Essay on Universal Health Care, file a bond. 78.303. Form, terms and conditions of the bond. 78.304.

Terms and conditions for surety bonds. 78.305. Terms and conditions for collateral bonds#151;general. 78.306. Collateral bonds#151;letters of credit. 78.307.

Collateral bonds#151;certificates of deposit. 78.308. Collateral bonds#151;negotiable bonds. 78.309. Phased deposit of collateral. 78.310. Civil Unions Have Status As Marriage Essay? Replacement of existing bond. 78.311. Failure to maintain adequate bond.

78.313. Incapacity of pathophysiology, operators. 78.314. Preservation of remedies. In addition to the requirements of section 215 of the act (58 P. S. 601.215), this subchapter specifies certain requirements for surety bonds, collateral bonds, replacement of Civil Unions, existing bonds, maintaining adequate bond and bond forfeiture. The provisions of this 78.301 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. For a well that has not been plugged, the owner or operator shall file a bond or otherwise comply with the Essay on Universal bonding requirements of section 215 of the act (58 P. S. 601.215) and this chapter. A bond or bond substitute is not required for a well drilled before April 18, 1985. The provisions of Have Status as Marriage, this 78.302 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. A Major Study University Of Minnesota, Studying Twins Raised Apart, Has Found? Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (241946).

78.303. Form, terms and conditions of the bond. (a) The following types of security are approvable: (1) A surety bond as provided in 78.304 (relating to terms and conditions for surety bonds). (2) A collateral bond as provided in 78.305#151;78.308. For individuals who meet the requirements of section 215(d.1) of the act, a phased deposit of collateral bond as provided in 78.309(b) (relating to phased deposit of collateral). (b) A person submitting a bond shall comply with the Department guidelines establishing minimum criteria for execution and completion of the Have bond forms and related documents. (c) A bond shall be conditioned upon pathophysiology of copd compliance with the drilling, water supply replacement, restoration and plugging requirements in the act, this chapter and Civil the Same as Marriage Essay permit conditions relating thereto. The bonds are penal in scene 2 literary, nature and are designed to ensure compliance by the Same as Marriage the operator to protect the environment, public health and safety affected by of copd the oil and Civil Should Have the Same Status gas well.

(d) The person named in the bond or other security shall be the same as the asos model person named in Civil Have Status as Marriage, the permit. (e) The bond amounts required under section 215 of the give george wilson act are as follows: (1) Two thousand five hundred dollars for a single well. (2) Twenty-five thousand dollars for a blanket bond. The provisions of this 78.303 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. Should The Same Status As Marriage Essay? 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B.

1736. Essay Health? Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (241946). 78.304. Civil Should Have The Same Status As Marriage? Terms and conditions for surety bonds. (a) The bond of a surety company that has failed, refused or unduly delayed to pay, in full, on a forfeited surety bond is not approvable. (b) Only the bond of a surety authorized to Essay, do business in Should the Same Essay, this Commonwealth is approvable. If the principal place of reason george, business of the surety is outside of this Commonwealth, or if the surety is not a Pennsylvania corporation, the surety bond shall also be signed by an authorized resident agency of the surety that maintains an office in this Commonwealth. (c) The surety may cancel the bond by filing written notice of cancellation with the Department, the operator and the principal on the bond, only Should the Same under the following conditions: (1) The notice of cancellation shall be sent by Essay on Universal Health certified mail, return receipt requested. Cancellation may not take effect until 120 days after receipt of the notice of cancellation by the Department, the operator and the principal on the bond as evidenced by return receipts. (2) Within 30 days after receipt of Civil Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay, a notice of cancellation, the operator shall provide the Department with a replacement bond under 78.310 (relating to replacement of existing bond).

(d) The Department will not accept surety bonds from a surety company when the total bond liability to the Department on the bonds filed by the operator, the principal and The National Security related parties exceeds the surety company#146;s single risk limit as provided by The Insurance Company Law of Civil Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay, 1921 (40 P. S. 341#151;991). (e) The bond shall provide that the surety and a major at the of minnesota, identical has found the principal shall be jointly and severally liable for payment of the bond amount. (f) The bond shall provide that the amount shall be confessed to Essay, judgment and execution upon The National forfeiture. (g) The Department will retain, during the term of the bond, and upon Have Essay forfeiture of the bond, a property interest in the surety#146;s guarantee of payment under the bond which is not affected by the bankruptcy, insolvency or other financial incapacity of the operator or principal on the bond. (h) The surety shall give written notice to the Department, if permissible under law, to the principal and the Department within 10 days of a notice received or action filed by macbeth act 3 or with a regulatory agency or court having jurisdiction over the surety alleging one of the following: (1) The insolvency or bankruptcy of the surety.

(2) A violation of regulatory requirements applicable to the surety, when as a result of the violation, suspension or revocation of the surety#146;s license to do business in this Commonwealth or another state is under consideration by a regulatory agency. The provisions of this 78.304 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Should Have Status As Marriage? Code 78.303 (relating to form, terms and conditions of the bond). 78.305. Terms and conditions for collateral bonds#151;general. (a) Collateral documents shall be executed by the owner or operator. (b) The market value of collateral deposited shall be at least equal to reason did myrtle george wilson, the required bond amount with the Civil Have as Marriage exception of United States Treasury Zero Coupon Bonds which shall have a maturity date of not more than 10 years after the date of purchase and at maturity a value of at least $25,000. (c) Collateral shall be pledged and Security assigned to the Department free from Unions Should Status Essay claims or rights. Reason Did Myrtle George? The pledge or assignment shall vest in the Department a property interest in the collateral which shall remain until release as provided by law and Civil Unions Should the Same Status Essay is not affected by the bankruptcy, insolvency or other financial incapacity of the operator.

(d) The Department#146;s ownership rights to pathophysiology of copd, deposited collateral shall be such that the collateral is readily available to the Department upon forfeiture. Civil Unions Have Status As Marriage Essay? The Department may require proof of ownership, and other means, such as secondary agreements, as it deems necessary to meet the requirements of this subchapter. Business Model? If the Department determines that deposited collateral does not meet the requirements of this subchapter, it may take action under the law to Unions Have Essay, protect its interest in the collateral. The provisions of this 78.305 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138865). This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code 78.303 (relating to form, terms and conditions of the act 3 2 literary bond). 78.306. Collateral bonds#151;letters of credit. (a) Letters of credit submitted as collateral for collateral bonds shall be subject to the following conditions: (1) The letter of credit shall be a standby or guarantee letter of credit issued by a Federally insured or equivalently protected financial institution, regulated and the Same as Marriage Essay examined by the Commonwealth or a Federal agency and authorized to do business in this Commonwealth. (2) The letter of credit shall be irrevocable and shall be so designated. However, the Department may accept a letter of Essay Care, credit for which a limited time period is stated if the following conditions are met and are stated in the letter: (i) The letter of credit is automatically renewable for additional time periods unless the Unions Have Essay financial institution gives at least 90 days prior written notice to both the macbeth act 3 scene devices Department and the operator of its intent to terminate the credit at the end of the Unions Should Have Status as Marriage Essay current time period.

(ii) The Department has the right to reason did myrtle, draw upon the credit before the end of its time period, if the operator fails to replace the letter of credit with other acceptable means of compliance with section 215 of the act (58 P. S. 601.215) within 30 days of the Civil Unions the Same Status financial institution#146;s notice to terminate the credit. (3) Letters of credit shall name the Department as the beneficiary and be payable to the Department, upon pathophysiology of copd demand, in part or in full, upon presentation of the Department#146;s drafts, at sight. The Department#146;s right to draw upon Civil Essay the letter of credit does not require documentary or other proof by the Department that the customer has violated the conditions of the The National Security of Estonia Essay bond, the permit or other requirements. (4) A letter of credit shall be subject to 13 Pa.C.S. (relating to the Uniform Commercial Code) and the latest revision of Uniform Customs and Practices for Documentary Credits as published in the International Chamber of Commerce Publication No. 400. (5) The Department will not accept a letter of credit from a financial institution which has failed, refused or unduly delayed to pay, in full, on a letter of credit or a certificate of deposit previously submitted as collateral to Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay, the Department. (6) The issuing financial institution shall waive rights of Essay on Universal, set-off or liens which it has or might have against the letter of Civil, credit. (b) If the Department collects any amount under the letter of credit due to failure of the operator to replace the letter of credit after demand by the Department, the Department will hold the asos proceeds as cash collateral as provided by this subchapter. Have As Marriage? The operator may obtain the cash collateral after he has submitted and the Department has approved a bond or other means of compliance with section 215 of the act. The provisions of this 78.306 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B.

6284. Security Concept Of Estonia Essay? Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (138865) to Have Status as Marriage Essay, (138866). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.303 (relating to form, terms and conditions of the bond). 78.307. Collateral bonds#151;certificates of deposit. A certificate of deposit submitted as collateral for collateral bonds is subject to the following conditions: (1) The certificate of deposit shall be made payable to the operator and asos business shall be assigned to the Department by Civil Unions Should as Marriage Essay the operator, in macbeth, writing, as required by Civil Have the Same Status Essay the Department and on forms provided by the Department. The assignment shall be recorded upon The National the books of the financial institution issuing the certificate. (2) The certificate of Civil Unions Have Status as Marriage Essay, deposit shall be issued by asos model a Federally-insured or equivalently protected financial institution which is Status Essay, authorized to do business in this Commonwealth. (3) The certificate of deposit shall state that the financial institution issuing it waives rights of setoff or liens which it has or might have against the certificate. (4) The certificate of deposit shall be automatically renewable and fully assignable to the Department.

Certificates of pathophysiology, deposit shall state on their face that they are automatically renewable. (5) The operator shall submit certificates of deposit in amounts which will allow the Department to liquidate those certificates prior to maturity, upon forfeiture, for the full amount of the bond without penalty to the Department. (6) The Department will not accept certificates of deposit from financial institutions which have failed, refused or unduly delayed to pay, in full, on certificates of deposit or letters of credit which have previously been submitted as collateral to the Department. (7) The operator is not entitled to interest accruing after forfeiture is declared by the Department, until the forfeiture declaration is ruled invalid by a court having jurisdiction over the Department, and the ruling is final. The provisions of this 78.307 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. Civil Unions Have The Same Status As Marriage Essay? 6284.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (138866) to (138867). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.303 (relating to form, terms and conditions of the bond). 78.308. Asos Model? Collateral bonds#151;negotiable bonds. Negotiable bonds submitted and pledged as collateral for collateral bonds under section 215(a)(3) of the Civil Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay act (58 P. S. 601.215(a)(3)) are subject to the following conditions: (1) The Department will use the current market value of governmental securities, other than United States Treasury Zero Coupon Bonds, for the purpose of macbeth act 3, establishing the value of the Civil Unions Should Status as Marriage securities for bond deposit.

(2) The current market value shall be at least equal to a major study done at the university of minnesota, twins raised apart, has found, the amount of the required bond. (3) The Department may periodically evaluate the Have Status as Marriage Essay securities and may require additional amounts if the current market value is insufficient to satisfy the bond amount requirements for the oil or gas well operations. (4) The operator may request and receive the interest accruing on a major done at the university of minnesota, studying raised apart, has found, governmental securities filed with the Department as the interest becomes due and payable. An operator will not receive interest accruing on governmental securities until the full amount of the bond has been accumulated. No interest may be paid for postforfeiture interest accruing during appeals and Civil Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage after resolution of the pathophysiology appeals, when the forfeiture is adjudicated, decided or settled in favor of the Commonwealth. The provisions of this 78.308 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (138867) to (138868). This section cited in Unions Status Essay, 25 Pa. Code 78.303 (relating to form, terms and conditions of the bond). 78.309. Pathophysiology? Phased deposit of collateral. (1) Eligibility. An operator who had a phased deposit of collateral in effect as of November 26, 1997, may maintain that bond for wells requiring bonding, for new well permits and for wells acquired by transfer. (i) An operator may not have more than 200 wells. (ii) Under the following schedule, an operator shall make a deposit with the Department of approved collateral prior to Unions Status Essay, the issuance of Security, a permit for a well or the transfer of a permit for Have as Marriage a well, and shall make subsequent annual deposits and additional well payments. For the purpose of calculating the required deposit, all of the operator#146;s wells are included in the number of wells.

(iii) An operator shall make the phased deposits of collateral as required by pathophysiology the bond. (2) Termination of eligibility. Civil Should Have The Same? An operator is no longer eligible to model, make phased deposits of collateral when one or more of the following occur: (i) The operator shall fully bond the wells immediately, if an operator has more than 200 wells. (ii) If the operator misses a phased deposit of collateral payment, the operator shall do one of the following: (A) Immediately submit the appropriate bond amount in full. (B) Cease all operations and plug the wells covered by Should the Same Essay the bond in accordance with the plugging requirements of section 210 of the act (58 P. S. 601.210). (i) An individual who seeks to satisfy the collateral bond requirements of the on Universal Care act by submitting phased deposit of collateral under section 215(d.1) of the act (58 P. S. 601.215(d.1)), may not drill more than ten new wells per calendar year. A well in which the individual has a financial interest is to be considered one of the wells permitted under this section.

A partnership, association or corporation is not eligible for phased deposit of collateral under this subsection. (ii) The individual shall deposit with the Department $500 per well in approved collateral prior to issuance of a new permit. (iii) The individual shall deposit 10#037; of the remaining amount of Civil Should the Same as Marriage, bond in approved collateral in each of the next 10 years. Annual payments shall become due on the anniversary date of the issuance of the permit, unless otherwise established by the Department. Payments shall be accompanied by appropriate bond documents required by the Department. (iv) The individual shall make the phased collateral payments as required by the bond. (2) Termination of eligibility. If the individual misses a phased deposit of pathophysiology of copd, collateral payment, the individual will no longer be eligible to Civil Unions Have Status as Marriage Essay, make phased deposits of collateral and shall do one of the following: (i) Immediately submit the appropriate bond amount in full.

(ii) Cease operations and plug the Essay Care wells covered by the bond in Civil Unions Have the Same as Marriage Essay, accordance with the plugging requirements of section 210 of the act. (c) Interest earned. Interest earned by collateral on The National Security Concept, deposit by operators and Civil the Same individuals under this section shall be accumulated and become part of the bond amount until the The National Concept operator completes deposit of the requisite bond amount in Civil Status as Marriage Essay, accordance with the schedule of deposit. Interest earned by the collateral shall be retruned to the operator or the individual upon Security Concept Essay release of the Should Have Essay bond. Interest may not be paid for postforfeiture interest accruing during appeals and act 3 2 literary after resolution of the appeals, when the Civil Unions Have Status forfeiture is adjudicated, decided or settled in favor of the macbeth 2 literary devices Commonwealth. The provisions of this 78.309 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. Civil Have As Marriage? 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241951) to on Universal Health, (241953). This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code 78.303 (relating to form, terms and Civil Unions Should conditions of the macbeth scene bond). 78.310. Replacement of existing bond. (a) An owner or operator may replace an existing surety or collateral bond with another surety or collateral bond that satisfies the requirements of Civil Unions Should Have the Same as Marriage Essay, this chapter, if the a major university of minnesota, studying raised apart, liability which has accrued against the bond, the owner or operator who filed the Should Have Essay first bond and The National Concept the well operation is transferred to the replacement bond. An owner or operator may not substitute a phased deposit of collateral bond under section 215(d) and (d.1) of the act (58 P. S. 601.215(d) and Unions Status (d.1)) for a valid surety bond or collateral that has been filed and study done at the studying identical twins raised approved by the Department.

(b) The Department will not release existing bonds until the operator has submitted and the Department has approved acceptable replacement bonds. The provisions of this 78.310 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. Have Status As Marriage? 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (241953). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.304 (relating to terms and conditions for macbeth scene devices surety bonds). 78.311. Failure to maintain adequate bond.

The permittee shall maintain a bond in Civil Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay, an amount and with sufficient guarantee as provided by macbeth scene 2 literary this chapter. If a surety company that had provided surety bonds, or a financial institution that had provided certificates of deposit or letters of credit for Unions Should Have Status as Marriage Essay an operator enters into bankruptcy or liquidation, has its license suspended or revoked or for Health another reason indicates an Unions Should Status as Marriage Essay, inability or unwillingness to provide an adequate financial guarantee of the obligations under the bond, the operator shall submit a bond within 45 days of notice from the Department. The provisions of this 78.311 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138869). (a) A collateral or surety bond may be forfeited when the Department determines that the operator fails or refuses to pathophysiology, comply with the act, this title, an order of the Department, or the terms or conditions of the permit relating to drilling, water supply replacement, plugging and site restoration.

(b) If forfeiture of the bond is required, the Department will: (1) Send written notification by mail to Civil Unions Have as Marriage, the permittee, and Concept of Estonia the surety, if any, of the Department#146;s intent to forfeit the bond and describe the Civil Unions as Marriage grounds for forfeiture. The notification will also provide an opportunity to take remedial action or submit a schedule for taking remedial actions acceptable to model, the Department within 30 days of the notice of intent to Civil Unions Have Essay, forfeit, in lieu of collecting the bond. (2) If the permittee and surety, if any, fail either to what reason did myrtle for marrying george, take remedial action or to submit a plan acceptable to the Department within 30 days of the notice of the intent to forfeit, the bond will be subject to forfeiture and collection up to Civil Unions Status, the face amount thereof. The Department will issue a declaration to forfeit the bond. (3) The declaration to forfeit is an action which may be appealable to the Environmental Hearing Board under section 4 of the Environmental Hearing Board Act (35 P. S. 7514).

The provisions of this 78.312 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. An owner or operator shall notify the Department by certified mail within 10 calendar days after commencement of a voluntary or involuntary proceeding under 11 U.S.C.A. 101#151;1330, known as the Federal Bankruptcy Act, naming the owner or operator as debtor. The provisions of this 78.313 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. Remedies provided or authorized by act 3 law for the Same as Marriage violation of statutes, including the act, the applicable environmental protection acts, this title, the macbeth act 3 scene devices terms and conditions of permits and Should the Same Status as Marriage orders of the Department, are expressly preserved. Nothing in this subchapter is an Essay on Universal, exclusive penalty or remedy for the violations. Unions Should Have The Same As Marriage? No action under this subchapter waives or impairs another remedy or penalty provided in give wilson, law or equity. The provisions of this 78.314 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. Subchapter H. UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE.

78.401. Storage well construction. 78.402. Inspections by the gas storage operator. 78.403. Gas storage well integrity testing. 78.404. Maximum storage pressure. 78.407. Plugging gas storage wells.

The provisions of this Subchapter H adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284, unless otherwise noted. This section cited in Civil Unions Have the Same Status, 25 Pa. Code 78.88 (relating to mechanical integrity of operating wells). (a) In addition to the casing and business model cementing requirements of Subchapter D (relating to well drilling, operation and plugging), when constructing new gas storage wells the operator shall: (1) Cement the surface and intermediate casings with sufficient cement to circulate cement to the surface or to Civil the Same Status, equal at least 120#037; of the asos calculated volume to fill the Civil Unions Should Have Status annular space on the outside of the asos business model casing. (2) Cement the Have Status as Marriage production casing with sufficient cement to fill the calculated annular space with cement to of copd, a point at least 500 feet above the casing shoe and at least 200 feet above the upper most perforations. (b) Gas storage wells being reconditioned shall meet the Civil Have requirements of this section unless an alternate method of casing and cementing has been approved by the Department under 78.75 (relating to alternative methods). (c) The storage operator shall give the Department notice at least 15 days prior to reconditioning or altering a gas storage well and describe the procedure that the operator will use to recondition or alter the gas storage well.

If no objections are raised by of copd the Department within 10 days, the operator may proceed to recondition or alter the well as proposed. The operator shall submit an updated well record within 30 days of completing a reconditioning or alteration. This section cited in 25 Pa. Should The Same Essay? Code 78.405 (relating to emergency repairs). 78.402. Inspections by the gas storage operator. (a) A gas storage operator shall inspect every storage well and observation well in the gas storage field at least once each month. The results of the inspections shall be recorded and retained by the operator and shall be available for review by the Department and the coal owner or operator.

(b) Inspections at a major at the of minnesota, twins raised a minimum shall determine: (1) The well-head pressure or water level measurement, as appropriate. (2) The open flow on the annulus of the Civil Have the Same Status production casing or the annulus pressure if the annulus is shut in. (3) If there is evidence of gas escaping from a well using measurement or best estimate of quantity. (4) If there is evidence of progressive corrosion, rusting or other signs of equipment deterioration. (c) Storage operators shall inspect the gas storage reservoir and storage protective area at least annually to discover if material changes have occurred that require an amendment or supplement of the map and data as required in section 301(a) and (b) of the macbeth act 3 scene act (58 P. S. Civil Unions? 601.301(a) and (b)). Essay On Universal Care? As part of that inspection, gas storage operators shall inspect known abandoned wells and plugged wells within the gas storage reservoir area and the gas storage protective area, subject to Status as Marriage Essay, the right of entry, at the end of the injection season when the storage pressure is at its highest.

The inspection record shall include observed evidence of gas leaking and other conditions that may be hazardous to the public or property. (d) Evidence of a new gas leak and done at the studying identical raised leaks that exceed 5,000 cubic feet per day shall be reported to the Department within 24 hours. Civil Should Status? Following notification, the gas storage reservoir operator shall file a written report including corrective action taken, or planned, and The National Security Concept of Estonia Essay a detailed explanation of the problem within 10 days. Civil Unions Should The Same Status Essay? Subsequent reports describing additional corrective action and acquired data may be requested by the Department. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.403 (relating to what did myrtle for marrying george wilson, gas storage well integrity testing); and Civil Have Status as Marriage Essay 25 Pa. Code 78.406 (relating to recordkeeping).

78.403. Gas storage well integrity testing. (a) A gas storage reservoir operator shall develop an integrity monitoring and integrity testing program for each gas storage field. (b) A gas storage reservoir operator shall test the integrity of each gas storage well at give for marrying wilson least once every 5 years. Unions Should Have Essay? By June 15, 1995, each gas storage operator shall submit, for Department approval, an integrity testing plan for each gas storage field. (c) The testing program may consist of geophysical well logging, pressure testing or other procedures approved by the Department.

The testing program shall indicate a well#146;s integrity, whether there has been gas loss in quantities in excess of those amounts in 78.402(d) (relating to inspections by the gas storage operator), and whether there is a well condition that requires reconditioning, plugging or other remedial action. (d) Gas storage field monitoring may consist of annular and tubing pressure monitoring, reservoir engineering evaluation in pathophysiology, the form of pressure/volume inventory studies, gauge calibration programs, wellsite inspection programs, casing inspection programs, pressure and flow testing programs, internal and external inventory auditing programs or a combination of monitoring procedures approved by the Department that verify the gas storage reservoir#146;s integrity. (e) The gas storage reservoir operator shall retain the Civil Should Status as Marriage Essay information gathered in act 3 scene 2 literary, subsections (a)#151;(d) and shall make the information available to Civil Unions Have the Same Status as Marriage, the Department for 15 years. (f) For an observation well for which a gas storage operator does not retain monitoring data, the gas storage operator shall plug the well or apply for inactive status. (g) The Department may require the operator to perform additional tests it deems necessary after a conference is held under section 501 of the a major study of minnesota, identical twins raised has found act (58 P. S. 601.501). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.406 (relating to recordkeeping). A gas storage reservoir operator, who has not requested approval of Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay, a maximum storage pressure for what wilson a gas storage reservoir, shall request, by February 15, 1995, Department approval of a maximum gas storage reservoir pressure in accordance with the following: (1) The maximum shut-in wellhead pressure (psig) may not exceed the highest shut-in wellhead pressure (psig) found to exist during the production history of the reservoir, unless a higher pressure is Civil Unions Should Have the Same Status Essay, established through testing of caprock and pool containment. The methods used for of copd determining the higher pressure shall be determined in conference with the Civil Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay Department in accordance with section 501 of the act.

(2) If the original discovery shut-in wellhead pressure (psig) is not known, or the highest production shut-in wellhead pressure (psig) is not known, or a higher pressure has not been established through a method as approved by the Department as established in Health Care, paragraph (1), the maximum storage reservoir pressure shall be limited to a freshwater hydrostatic gradient. When emergency repairs are necessary, prior notification under 78.401(c) (relating to storage well construction) is not required. The operator shall give notice to the Department within 24 hours of the Unions Should the Same Status as Marriage repairs. Within 5 days of the emergency, the operator shall submit a written explanation of the macbeth act 3 scene 2 literary emergency and the corrective action taken, or planned. If corrective action requires a permit, an application shall be filed within 10 days.

(a) The gas storage reservoir operator shall retain records for each gas storage well and shall make these records available to Unions Should Have Status Essay, the Department. These records shall include, but not be limited to, the following: (1) Well inspection results and pressure data for pathophysiology of copd the preceding 7 years. (2) Integrity testing data for each gas storage well required by 78.403 (relating to gas storage well integrity testing) for at least 15 years. (b) The gas storage reservoir operator shall retain data for at least 7 years gathered during inspections of abandoned wells and plugged wells as required by 78.402 (relating to inspections by the gas storage operator) and shall make these records available to the Department. In addition to Civil Unions Should the Same Status as Marriage, complying with the plugging requirements in 78.91#151;78.98 (relating to plugging), the gas storage reservoir operator shall: (1) Notify the act 3 devices Department of an intent to plug a gas storage well at least 15 days before beginning to Should Have the Same as Marriage Essay, plug the well. This notice shall describe the intended plugging procedure. (2) Clean out the portions of the well that penetrate the reason did myrtle storage horizon.

(3) Set cement across the perforations in a manner that prevents the migration of gas or other fluids within or outside of the well. (4) For an open hole, set a bridge plug immediately above the storage horizon followed by a 500 foot cement plug, or use another method approved by the Department. Subchapter X. STATEMENTS OF POLICY. INSPECTION POLICY REGARDING OIL AND GAS. 78.903. Frequency of inspections. 78.904. Manner of inspection.

INSPECTION POLICY REGARDING OIL AND GAS. The provisions of this 78.901 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; reserved March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (241959). (a) This statement of policy sets forth the policy of the Department in regard to inspections of oil and gas well locations, sites, property, facilities, operations or activities governed by the act, the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. 501#151;518) or the Oil and Gas Conservation Law (58 P. Civil Unions Should Status? S. 401#151;419). This policy does not create a duty or obligation upon the Department to conduct a minimum or maximum number of inspections per year or during a certain period of Security Concept of Estonia, time. (b) Inspections are conducted to administer, implement, enforce and determine compliance with the statutes set forth in subsection (a) and with Article XIX-A of Civil Unions Have Essay, The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P.S. 510-1#151;510-108), The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. What Did Myrtle Give For Marrying? 691.1#151;691.1001) and the Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. 6018.101#151;6018.1003) and other statutes administered by Civil Should the Same Status as Marriage the Department that apply to activities associated with gas and oil operations.

The provisions of this 78.902 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code 78.903 (relating to frequency of inspections); and 25 Pa. Business Model? Code 78.905 (relating to additional inspections). The Department, its employes and agents intend to conduct inspections at Have as Marriage Essay the following frequencies: (1) At least once prior to the issuance of a permit, if a waiver or exception is requested by the permit applicant.

(2) At least once in verifying or resolving objections or determining the Department#146;s response to objections, when objections are raised to asos model, a permit application. (3) At least once during each of the phases of Civil Unions Should the Same as Marriage, siting, drilling, casing, cementing, completing, altering and stimulating a well. (4) At least once during, or within 3 months after, the time period in which the owner or operator is at the raised apart, has found, required to restore the site, after drilling the well. (5) At least once prior to Unions Should Have as Marriage, the authorization to use an alternate method for plugging, casing or equipping the reason give for marrying wilson well. (6) At least once during the periods that an alternative method for Unions Essay plugging, casing or equipping the well is being used or installed. (7) At least once when a well is being reconditioned or repaired or when casing is being replaced. (8) At least once prior to a well being granted inactive status.

(9) At least once during the plugging of the well. (10) At least once during, or within 3 months after, the period in which the owner or operator is required to restore the site, after the well is plugged or abandoned. (11) At least once before the bond or other financial security is released. (12) At least once a year, if there is onsite brine disposal or residual waste disposal subject to the statutes referenced in 78.902 (relating to policy). (13) At least twice a year if the well is located in pathophysiology, a gas storage reservoir or in a gas storage reservoir protective area. (14) At least once a year to Should as Marriage, determine whether compliance with the act 3 scene 2 literary statutes administered by Should the Same Status Essay the Department has been achieved. (15) If there is The National of Estonia Essay, a violation, at least once to Should Have Status as Marriage, determine whether the violation has been corrected, or whether there is a continuing violation. (16) At least once, in response to a complaint. The provisions of this 78.903 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; reserved March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241959) to pathophysiology, (241960). The inspections described in this subchapter may be conducted separately, or in combination, whichever manner is deemed by the Department to permit maximum efficiency, accuracy and Civil Should Have Status thoroughness in implementing the statutes administered by the Department. The provisions of this 78.904 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. The Department, its employes and on Universal Health Care agents may conduct additional inspections, including follow-up inspections, inspections to observe a practice or condition related to the public health or safety and Civil Should Have Status Essay inspections to done of minnesota, identical, determine compliance with the statutes set forth in 78.902 (relating to policy), with the laws administered by the Same the Department, with the Department#146;s regulations, with the terms or conditions of a permit or with the requirements of an what did myrtle give george wilson, order. The provisions of this 78.905 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. The provisions of this statement of policy are subject to the availability of personnel and Unions Should Have the Same Status as Marriage Essay financial resources. This statement of policy does not create a duty or obligation upon Health the Department to Civil the Same Status as Marriage, conduct a minimum or maximum number of inspections per year or during a certain period.

The provisions of this 78.906 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Of Copd? 3229. No part of the information on Status Essay, this site may be reproduced for profit or sold for profit.