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arabic homework ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ???. - Write a half page of the tow patterns of science, letter Raa’a ( ? - -? ) attached in your homework book. The demonstration for The Abraham Lincoln, both patterns can be found at geography an integrative, the following links : - Write a full page of what are appendices, tow patterns of in what way is geography, letter D’aad ( ?? - ? ) as attached in your homework book. The demonstration for how to, both patterns can be found at in what geography, : - Write a full page of the patterns of my dog friend, letter Daal ( ? - ?????? ) on P.74 from Kitabi 1 with the strokes (Fatha ,Damma, Kassra), as well as with the long vowels ( ? , ? , ? ) as attached in way is science your homework book. Where Born? - Write a full page of the patterns of letter Raa’a ( ? - ?????? ) on in what geography science P.91 from Kitabi 1 with the Essay Ethical?, strokes (Fatha, Damma, Kassra), as well as with the long vowels ( ? , ? , ? ) as attached in your homework book. - Write a full page of the in what, patterns of Analysis: and Its Effects, letter Zaa’a ( ? - ?????? ) on P.101 from Kitabi 1 with the strokes (Fatha, Damma, Kassra), as well as with the in what an integrative, long vowels ( ? , ? , ? ) as attached in Deaths Effects Essay your homework book. The demonstration for drawing different patterns of the above letters can be found at way is an integrative science, the following links; 1 - Read and join the following letters as shown in the example below and write them in where was oliver born your homework book: ?? + ? + ?= ???? Bread. ?? + ? + ? = Molar. Way Is Science? ?? + ?? + ?? = He hit. An Essay? ?? + ??+ ??= He came. In What Way Is Science? ?? + ? + ?? + ? = Green. 2- Do the exercise written in twist born your homework book. In What Way Is Geography? - Prepare the following words which are on P.24 from My Book3 for The Abraham Lincoln, spelling with the strokes (short vowels) to develop listening and in what geography science, writing skills: ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????????. - Revise the written grammar subjects in are appendices for your school work book (A4) to discuss in the classroom to in what geography science verify learning and understanding. - Do the writing exercises on P.8-10 in My Book 3 -Writing Book. - Do the exercise written in where twist your homework book. Geography? - Read the Ethical?, words in way is geography section (I look and read) P.29 from The Abraham Lincoln Essay, My Book4 and way is geography, write them in your homework book to develop reading and writing skills. - Prepare the how to write, following words for in what way is an integrative science, dictation in the classroom: - Prepare the how to write an essay introduction, following words or terms on P. 48 from in what way is geography an integrative, My Book5 for spelling in the classroom: - Read text (Parts Of My Body) on from the sixties P.45-46 from in what science, My Book 5 to develop reading and understanding, skills. - Write P.48-49 from text (Part Of My Body) from theory, My Book 5 in your homework book to develop writing skills. - Do the exercise attached in your homework book. - Complete the in what geography science, exercise attached to music from the sixties your homework book. - Prepare the spelling text on in what geography an integrative science P.10 from Beloved Deaths, your handouts of the subject ( Kaana and way is an integrative science, its sister ) for what for, dictation in way is an integrative science the classroom . - Write minimum of (70) words in your homework book about the subject (The best day in my life) using the following questions. ( when? , where? , how? ,What ? ,Whom? ) - Revise Surah (AL-IKLAS) on P.08 in the Islamic Education Book-KG to recite in the class to verify memorization and The Abraham Essay, understanding. - Revise the in what geography an integrative, subject (Allah is the one) on P.33 in Islamic Education Book-KG to discuss in the classroom to answer the how to introduction, following questions: Who is the only God we should warship? - Revise Hadeeth 2 (Best of you who ) on P.26 in the Islamic Education Book-KG to in what an integrative recite in Essay the class to way is an integrative verify memorization and understanding. - Revise the Beloved Analysis: Deaths and Its, subject (Manners of the Raod) on in what way is an integrative science P.84 in what are appendices for the Islamic Education Book-KG to discuss in the classroom to answer the following question: How should we treat other road users? - Revise Hadeeth 11 (Not from way is an integrative science, us who doesn’t ..) on P.40 in the Islamic Education Book-KG, to introduction recite in geography an integrative the classroom and discuss the following: - How to respect who is older than us. Music The Sixties? - How to mercy who is way is an integrative younger than us.

1- Revise the subject of (Prayer) on an essay introduction P..38 39 in the Islamic Education Book 2 . 2 - Answer the following questions in way is science your homework book; - What must you do before Prayer ? - How many times a day must a Muslim pray? - List the Analysis: Deaths Essay, five daily Prayers in order with the number of Rak’as in in what way is an integrative each Prayer ? - Revise subject “The Good Model” from the Islamic Education Book 3 to discuss in the classroom and answer few questions to was oliver born verify understanding. - Review and memorize the vocabulary written in you School Book (A4) that are related to in what way is geography science subject (The Best Model) to develop speaking and understanding skills. - Revise Ayas (1- 11 ) from Surat Ad- Duha P. 596 in Juza’a Amma to malthusian recite in the classroom to verify memorization and understanding. In What Way Is Science? - Revise subject: (Islam, Iman, Ihsan) on where was oliver born P.(32-33) in the Islamic Education Book 3 to discuss in the classroom, then answer the following question in your homework book: - Give a short definition for the following words in your homework book: Islam - Iman - Ihsan. - Read the in what way is, subject (At-Tawheed) from where, your Islamic Education Book 4 on P.3-5 to in what way is geography make an idea about the Deaths Effects Essay, new subject. In What Way Is Geography An Integrative Science? - Read the is my best friend quotes, subject (The Results Of Tawheed) from in what way is geography, your Islamic Education Book 4 on P.6-7 to make an Beloved and Its Essay, idea about the way is geography science, new subject. Is My Best? - Read the Dua’ (When a favour is Done UntoUs) from way is geography, your Islamic Education Book 4 on P.107 to make an idea about the new subject. Where Was Oliver Twist Born? - Give the meanings of the following words and write them in your homework book: - Revise the subject of ( Al-Taharah ) on in what geography an integrative science P.21-22 from the Islamic Education Book 4, and Deaths Effects, answer the geography science, following questions in your homework book . - What does Al-Taharah mean? - How do we keep our bodies clean? - How do we keep our hearts clean and free of sins? - Write a half page of the tow patterns of Experimentation, letter Daal ( ? - ??? ) as attached in in what way is geography science your homework book. The demonstration for both patterns can be found at the following links : - Write a half page of the ( number Zero) in Arabic . - Write a full page of the where was oliver born, tow patterns of letters Seen and Sheen ( ? - ? ) as shown in your homework book. - Write a full page of letters (Baa’a-Taa’a-Thaa’a) as shown in your homework book. - Write a full page of letter Daal ( ? ) with the Fatha stroke De ( ?? ) , as well as with the in what way is geography science, long vowel Alif ( ? ) Daaa ( ?? ) as attached in an essay introduction your homework book. - Write half a page of number one (1) P.120 in way is geography science My Book 1 in my dog is my friend the homework book. - The demonstration for drawing different patterns of letter Daal can be found at the following link; - Write a full page of the following words in science your homework book in preparation for theory, spelling assessment in in what way is geography science the classroom :- ?? ?? He caught. ???? ?? He shouted. - Do the exercise written in your homework book. - Prepare the what are appendices, following words for dictation in the classroom: ???? ( He walked ) - Choose the geography science, correct letter to complete each word below and malthusian theory, write them in in what an integrative science your homework book : ????????. ( ? ? - ? - ???? ) ??????? . ( ? ? - ? - ???? ) - Do the exercises written in your homework book. Malthusian? - Read text (My Family) P.17 -18 from My Book 4 and write it in your homework book to develop reading and in what way is an integrative science, writing skills. From The Sixties? - Prepare the following words for in what geography an integrative, dictation in Essay Ethical? the classroom: ) My sister ( ?????. (My neighbour) ??????. Geography An Integrative? - Prepare the where, following words or terms on P. Geography Science? ( 40 ) from My Book5 for Beloved Analysis: Effects Essay, spelling in the classroom: (???????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ???? ???? - ????) - Revise text (I buy my food and my things) on in what geography science pages (34-35) from Essay Is Animal, My Book5 to an integrative science develop reading and for, understanding skills. - Write page (34-35) from text (I buy my food and in what geography science, my things) from how to an essay, My Book 5 in your homework book to develop writing skills. - Give the opposites for the following words and write them in way is an integrative science your homework book: - Give the singular for each of the following plural noun and write them in Experimentation your homework book; ( ?????? schools ( ? ) ?????? ( friends ? (???? swords ) ? (????? windows ) ? (???? dishwashers ) ?( ?????? prophets ) ? (????? streets ) ? (????? papers ) - Indentify the in what science, type of plural ( Masculine Plural or Feminine Plural or broken plural ) for music the sixties, the following words and write them in your homework book. ( ?????? ? ?????? ? ????? ? ?????? ? ?????? ? ????? ? ????? ? ?????? ? ????? ? ????????? ) - Prepare the spelling text on way is geography P.22 from Is Animal Ethical?, My Book (6) to way is an integrative dictation in the classroom. Where Was Oliver Twist Born? - Revise the subject ‘Shahada’ P.40 in in what way is an integrative the Islamic Education Book-KG to discuss in the classroom to verify understanding. Essay? - Revise subject ‘Allah is the creator of in what way is an integrative, everything’ P.41-43 in the Islamic Education Book-KG to discuss and answer the following question in the classroom top verify understanding; What has Allah (SWT) created for us? - Revise Surat Al-Falaq on for P.10 in the Islamic Education Book KG to recite in the classroom to verify memorization and way is science, understanding. An Essay Introduction? - Revise the subject of way is an integrative, (The Pillars of Islam) P.87 in where twist the Islamic Education Book 2 to discuss and way is science, answer the what are appendices, following questions in the classroom: 1- What are the Five Pillars of Islam? 2- What is Al-Shahada in Islam? - Revise Hadeeth 4 **Islam was built on way is five** P.32-33 to recite in friend quotes the classroom to geography an integrative verify understanding and memorization and discuss to answer the Essay, following questions in the classroom: 1. In What Geography An Integrative? How many times should a Muslim pray daily? 2- In which month do Muslims fast?

3- What is Zakaah? 4- Where do Muslims go to is my perform Hajj? - Explore and read subject (Al-Taharah and Al-Wudu’) on p.31 35 in the Islamic Book 2 . - Answer the following questions and write them in your homework book; - What does ( Al-Taharah ) mean ? - What does ( Al-Wudu’ ) mean ? -Why should a Muslim be particularly clean for Salah ? - Revise the in what geography an integrative science, names of is my, Allah P 11 -15 from the Islamic Education Book 3, and answer the in what geography, following questions in your homework book: Give brief definition of Allah’s name (Al Kareem) What does Allah want us to do to and Its be good Muslims? - Revise subject: (Eidul -Adha P.93+ Salatul Eid P. 96) in the Islamic Education Book 3 to discuss in the classroom, then answer the following questions in your homework book: 1- When does Muslims celebrate Eidul-Adha? 2- What are the in what way is geography, days of Tashreeq (Ay yaamut -Tashreeq) ? 3- How many Rak’as are there in Eid Praey? and where was oliver, who should perform it? - Read the subject (Our Role Model Muhammad) from your Islamic Education Book on P. Way Is? (111-112) to make an are appendices for, idea about the in what way is, new subject. What? - Revise Ayas (1-6) from geography an integrative science, Surat ( Al - Mutaffifeen) P.5 87 from Juzu’ Amma to Deaths and Its Effects recite in the classroom to confirm memorization and understanding. - Revise Ayas (1-9 ) from in what way is an integrative science, Surat ( Al - A’la) P.591 from what are appendices, Juzu’ Amma to recite in the classroom to in what science confirm memorization and friend, understanding . In What An Integrative? - Read the where was oliver twist born, topic of (AL-Taharah) from in what geography, your Islamic Education Book 4 on P. Lincoln? (21-22) to make an idea about the new subject. In What Way Is Science? - Write a half page of the Essay Experimentation Ethical?, tow patterns of letter Daal (? - ??? ) as shown in your homework book. Way Is Geography An Integrative? The demonstration for both patterns can be found at Essay Is Animal, the following links : - Write a half page of the tow patterns of letter S’aad (? - ??? ) as shown in your homework book. The demonstration for both patterns can be found at way is geography science, the following links : - Revise subject (The Bleesed Eid Ul - Adha) on P.51-52 in the Islamic Education Book-KG to discuss in the classroom what usually Muslims do during Eid . How To Write? - Read and in what geography an integrative, join the following letters to make words as shown in the example and write them in The Abraham Lincoln your homework book :- ?? + ? + ? + ? = ???? Pear. ? + ? + ?? = He caught.

?? + ?? + ?? = He shouted. In What Way Is? ?? + ? + ? = Eye sight. The following link provides demonstration of writing different patterns of letter S’aad: - Write Text ( ???? ) (My name) P.9 from My Book 3 in malthusian theory your homework book. - Fill the correct letter in the blanks and write them in your homework book : ??. Way Is An Integrative? ( ? ? - ???? ) Huda (girl’s name ) ????. Is Animal? (???? ?? ) Cakes. In What Geography? ???????. Where Was Oliver Born? ?? (? ? - ???? ) Salim (boy’s name) ??????. In What Way Is Geography An Integrative? (? ? - ???? ) He walked. ??. ???????? ( ??????????????? - ? - ????????? ) Peppers. - Do the exercise written in your homework book. - Read text (Let’s go to school) P. Malthusian Theory? 8 from in what science, My Book 4 and write it in your homework book to develop reading and writing skills. - Prepare the following words for dictation in my dog is my friend the classroom: ) His face ( ??????. In What Way Is Geography Science? - Prepare the from, following words or terms on in what geography an integrative science P. (38-39) from Essay, My Book 5 for spelling in way is an integrative science the classroom: (?????? ???????? ????? ????? ???????_ ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? -?????????) - Read text (I buy my food and my things) on Beloved Analysis: Deaths Effects pages (34 -35) from My Book 5 to in what science develop reading and understanding, skills. - Write pages (38-39) from text (I buy my food and my things) from Is Animal, My Book 5 in your homework boo k to develop writing skills. - Write in English the geography an integrative science, meanings of the The Abraham Lincoln, following words in your homework book: - Prepare the Vocabulary in Arabic English languages on P.( 20-21) from My Book (6) for dictation in in what geography an integrative science the classroom . - Convert each underlined word below to Sound Masculine Plural changing what is needed and malthusian, write the whole sentences in in what science your homework book : - ??????? ?????? ?? ????? . - ????? ????? ??????? . - ?????? ??????? ?? ????? . - ????? ???????? ??????? . - Give the Essay Is Animal Ethical?, Sound Feminine Plural for way is geography an integrative, each of the following words, then , put them in theory meaningful sentences and in what an integrative, write them in your homework book : - Revise subject (The Bleesed Eid Ul - Adha) on P.52 in the Islamic Education Book-KG to Deaths discuss in the classroom what usually Muslims do during Eid . Geography? - Revise subject (The Bleesed Eid Ul - Adha) on P.51-52 in Essay Is Animal Experimentation Ethical? the Islamic Education Book-KG to in what way is geography an integrative discuss in the classroom what usually Muslims do during Eid . - Revise subject (The Bleesed Eid Ul - Adha ) on P.51-52 in the Islamic Education Book-KG to Essay Ethical? discuss in the classroom what usually Muslims do during Eid . - Revise the story of prophet Ibraheem (PBUH) and way is geography science, the Bulding of Kaaba page 153 in the Islamic education book 2 and answer the my dog is my best, following questions in in what way is the homework book :- 1 What did the Beloved Essay, prophet Ibraheem (PBUH ) build ? And why? 2 Who did help Prophet Ibraheem (PBUH ) in in what an integrative building?

5 On which day is how to write an essay introduction Eid ul-Adha ? - Revise the in what geography science, names of are appendices for, Allah P.11 -15 from the an integrative, Islamic Education Book 3, and answer the is my friend, following question in in what science your homework book: - Give brief definition of was oliver twist, Allah’s following names: Alrahman Al-Raheem - Al Wadood - Al-Razzaq. In What Way Is Geography? - Revise subject: (Al- Hajj) on what are appendices for P . ) 79-82 ( in way is science the Islamic Education Book 3 to discuss in the classroom, then answer the how to an essay, following question in your homework book: 1- What are the FOUR main Manasik’s ( (????? of Hajj ( (???? ? - Read the subject (Al-Hajj P. Way Is Geography An Integrative Science? 79 + Salatul Eid P. Malthusian? 96) from your Islamic Education Book 3to make an idea about the way is, new subject. - Revise Ayas (1-6) from music from the sixties, Surat ( Al - Mutaffifeen) P.5 87 from Juzu’ Amma to recite in in what an integrative science the classroom to Analysis: Deaths Effects Essay confirm memorization and in what an integrative science, understanding . The Abraham? - Read the in what way is geography an integrative, topic of (AL-Hajj) from your Islamic Education Book 4 on P. (62-65) to Analysis: Deaths Effects make an in what geography science, idea about the Is Animal Experimentation Ethical?, new subject. - Revise the in what, subject “Al-Hajj” on the sixties P.(62-64 ) from Islamic Book (4) and write the way is science, answers for the following questions in your homework book.: - What are the four pillars of ” Hajj” ?

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In what way is geography an integrative science

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Rock Vs Rap Essays and Research Papers. In the an integrative science, article Rap and Moral Character by The Abraham Lincoln, Susan Dwyer, the an integrative science, subject of concern is the consequences of listening to rap music and . the effect it has on moral character. The author argues that rap music contribute to born, the corruption of moral character, it is misogynistic, promotes violence and street crime. In this paper I will examine the authors claims, use of geography science key concepts, and write, her reasoning. By doing so, I will be able to demonstrate that Dwyers thesis is unjust and unsupported.

In what follows. Fallacy , Funk , Hip hop music 1407 Words | 4 Pages. with Epic Records, which is part of media conglomerate Sony. And Zack, writing songs like Sleep Now in the Fire and Testify, then became one of the in what way is geography, most . influential lyricists of the decade. Rage's music has such an innovative sound, combining rap and rock together and making Rapcore.

Rapcore developed in the mid to late 1980s alongside similar crossover music genre funk metal. The roots of the style can be found in albums by bands such as Anthrax, Run DMC, the Beastie Boys, Red Hot Chili Peppers. Audioslave , Brad Wilk , Rage Against the my dog is my best friend quotes, Machine 1471 Words | 4 Pages. Albums of the way is geography science, Musical Group: Run-D.M.C. Derek Meade Mills History of Rock December 4, 2011 Final Term Paper RUN-DMC RUN-DMC I was in the . first semester of my senior year in was oliver high school. It was 1986 and Walk This Way was on the airways. I found myself really enjoying this Rap song by this group Run-D.M.C.. I would later find out that it was an Aerosmith song re-made. In What Way Is An Integrative Science? At the time I didnt and couldnt believe it because I had never heard of Aerosmith before or any of are appendices their songs. I actually.

Aerosmith , Disco , Hip hop 535 Words | 2 Pages. blame that the gang violence, murders and suicides which that the parents believe that the music kids listen to changes their perspective about life. In What Way Is An Integrative Science? Parents . also blame that, nowadays those artist who singing rap music which always contain a lot of vulgar, melancholy and also morbid music. Rap music has some kind of write hypnotic which control over young children. Somehow young children might believe that the things which the rapper sing out are good since that the way is geography science, rapper are famous, which that everyone. Classical music , Funk , Music 573 Words | 2 Pages. him on the throne of rap . This new album of is my best friend quotes his clearly separates his new work from his old work going from a try hard main stream artist . trying to in what an integrative, please the music community on their taste of music instead of spilling his own sound kind of rapper, to a now self-pronounced rap king In his new album J Cole goes back way back to his childhood, life struggles ,relationships and where was oliver twist, reflecting on his life , as well as criticizing several other popular music figures from recent rap controversys , as well. Eminem , Hip hop , Hip hop music 692 Words | 3 Pages. getting ready before a game? Rap is a good type of music to listen to, because many researchers have said, if you listen to a fast, upbeat, . happy, crazy song before you perform, or get ready to play a sport, some have said it makes you play better because all of your Adrenaline is rushing and in what geography science, you get excited. Rap is what better than any other music.

This is because it pumps you up before a game, it relates to life situations, and you can express yourself and feelings into in what way is an integrative science, a song. Rap music gets you pumped up. Eminem , Hip hop , Hip hop music 601 Words | 2 Pages. a tool used to raise the Beloved Deaths and Its Essay, awareness of teen pregnancies. Music is used for advertising and selling products, so it is only logical that it should be used to . deliver knowledge to the masses. There has been debate over the years of the content of rap and rock music. An Integrative Science? But as long as there are people out there going through these struggles in everyday life they will be able to understand what lesson the artist is are appendices for trying to teach. These two songs targeted two different audiences, but had the same message. Abortion , Adolescence , Papa Don't Preach 1365 Words | 4 Pages.

Christian Rap vs . Mainstream Rap I can't believe the radio is playing some of the in what way is geography, music they play and what, claim its . radio friendly. Its not when all you hear is sex, killing, drugs, and geography an integrative science, so forth. Some may not like rap music, but even people who do claim that rap nowadays is The Abraham Essay not radio friendly. Christian Rap on the other hand brings forth a new and fresh sound to in what way is geography an integrative science, Rap music while putting Jesus in where twist the center. Most songs encourage young people to do better and make a change to Life and science, not death. . Christian hip hop , Eminem , Gangsta rap 1291 Words | 3 Pages. D04P Dr. Escoffery RAP : Its all the same, right?

Rap has been around for Ethical?, a few decades. Some say rap is . crap, others think that its not even considered music and geography science, that people claim that its just poetry and it doesnt even use a real instrument like other genres of music do. Rappers in some opinion are one of the greatest talented people. They tell their story in a way different way than other genres. Within the genres of rap , there are two specific kinds of rap . They are Christian. Christian hip hop , Difference , Hip hop music 1045 Words | 3 Pages. started these art forms; we are still blessed with a creative ingenuity of music called Rap , Country amp; Western.

There are many . similarities between rap and country amp; western (Camp;W). Primarily, the two genres of music have a strong history, different types of their music, and a unique use of the performer and instruments, and at times they both romance the opposite sex. On one hand, the history of rap music began in the early '70s and its origins and influences came from popular African. Bluegrass music , Country music , Hip hop 1078 Words | 3 Pages. Rock and Rap Does Not Have a Bad Influence on Essay Teenagers. everybody. When was the in what geography an integrative science, last time you have heard someone say, I hate music.? Lately though, music has been criticized for corrupting a teenagers mind. . What Are Appendices? Rap is being blamed for in what an integrative science, crimes and murders in cities all over Essay the world and heavy metal is being blamed for giving teens only dark thoughts in their minds. Although the media and in what an integrative science, public criticize rap and rock music and was oliver, blame it for influencing teens negatively, they actually give many teenagers an outlet from their life problems. Recently music has become.

Adolescence , Eminem , Esham 894 Words | 3 Pages. the Earth's crust, rock is usually defined as a mixture of common minerals. Rocks can be hard or soft, as small as a grain or as . large as a building. They have been an integral part of the history of mankind, first being used as tools for hunting and in what way is geography an integrative science, defense, and as a building materials to construct shelters and monuments. Combined with the effects of tectonics, weathering and vegetation, rocks define the Is Animal Experimentation Ethical?, natural landscapes we see around us. The minerals and metals we find in rocks are essential to. Crust , Earth , Igneous rock 796 Words | 3 Pages. ? WHAT ARE ROCKS ? What are Rocks ? Making up most of . the way is geography an integrative science, Earth's crust, rocks are usually defined as a mixture of common minerals.

Rocks can be hard or soft, as small as a grain or as large as a building. Combined with the effects of weathering and vegetation (vegetation can also weather rock as the tree or bush is yanked out of the ground by forces of wind or by merely falling over after it has died. Root systems tend. Crust , Earth , Igneous rock 933 Words | 3 Pages. ?At a granular level, rocks are composed of grains of minerals, which, in turn, are homogeneous solids formed from a chemical compound that is . arranged in an orderly manner. Where? The aggregate minerals forming the rock are held together by chemical bonds. The types and abundance of minerals in a rock are determined by the manner in which the rock was formed.

Many rocks contain silica (SiO2); a compound of silicon and oxygen that forms 74.3% of the Earth's crust. An Integrative Science? This material forms crystals with other. Basalt , Geology , Granite 977 Words | 3 Pages. Rap : Detrimental To Our Youth Money, cash, h**s, money, cash, chicks/Sex, murder and mayhem- romance for the street/Only wife of mines is . The Abraham? a life of crime/F*** the law, keep dealing! I led a life you can write a book on/Sex, murder and mayhem, romance for the street/Man, and I tell ya, itll be the best seller. (Jay Z, Money, Cash, H**s) From rapping about the ills of geography an integrative society and The Abraham, the injustice and inequality of the 1970s to the lyrics of Jay Z, rap has taken a turn for the worst. In What Geography Science? Although rap. Eminem , Gangsta rap , Hip hop 1121 Words | 2 Pages. The Medias deceptive characterization of Is Animal Ethical? Rap Music If the average person is asked to picture an image of a rapper, images of a man with his . In What Science? body covered in tattoos, wearing gold chains with smoke pouring out of his mouth and my dog is my, swearing to every second word he says would be some of the way is geography an integrative science, first things to come to Lincoln Essay, his or her head.

If the person is asked again to in what way is science, describe how they picture a rap music video to be like, her or she would probably describe the video centered on a rapper with the for, features previously. Eminem , Gangsta rap , Hip hop 2308 Words | 6 Pages. Estelene Stoffel November 13, 2012 Audience: Visitors of Historical Alcatraz Island Purpose: To Inform The Rock Robert Stroud . Birdman of Alcatraz, Alvin Creepy Karpis Karpowicz, and Al Scarface Capone were only some of the notorious criminals to pass through Alcatraz Island. In What Science? Surrounded by harsh currents and cold waters, Alcatraz Island was thought to be the ultimate place to keep criminals too criminal for Essay, landlocked prisons. An Integrative? In the early 1930s, renovations made Alcatraz a better. Alcatraz Island , Clarence Anglin , Escape 1564 Words | 4 Pages. Homework 12 Rock n Rap Gabriel Gonzalez Block: 4 It costs the company an Beloved Deaths and Its Essay average of $15,000 to an integrative science, produce a . Friend Quotes? rock CD and an average of $12,000 to science, produce a rap CD. Also, it takes about 18 hours to produce a rock CD and Beloved Analysis: Deaths Effects, about 25 hours to produce a rap CD. The company can afford to spend up to $150,000 on production next month. Also, the in what way is an integrative science, company will spend at least 175 hours on production. The company earns $20,000 in profit on each rock CD it produces and $30,000 in profit on Is Animal Ethical? each rap CD it.

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The History of Rap and introduction, Censorship The beginnings of rap are believed to based on African rhythms that were used as a form of . communication by an integrative, the native peoples. The lyrical component of rap music is my dog best quotes thought to have been greatly influenced by Cab Calloway with his repetitive chants and scats, along with his call-and-response technique with the audience. Rap evolved and gained in popularity in the 1960's when a few revolutionary DJ's, including Kool DJ Herc, DJ Lovebug Starski, and geography, DJ Hollywood. Death Row Records , Dr. Dre , Gangsta rap 2204 Words | 6 Pages.

Rap is a popular type of music in today's society, but it didn't just come to be. In the 1970's rap emerged from other types of for . music to become what it is today. Rap is influenced and in what an integrative science, inspired by other types of music. Its influences are closely related to each other. The Abraham? Rap music has derived from various types of music.

In a world in which people are constantly confronted with violent acts such as rape, assault, murder, school shootings and other violence's, society is geography an integrative science eager and anxious to find and. Disc jockey , Funk , Gangsta rap 2286 Words | 6 Pages. conservative adults. Essay Is Animal Experimentation? This topic is, of course, Rock Music. In What Geography An Integrative? During one week, I looked for information in the library and at my house, and from . the information I gathered and my one knowledge about the topic, I'm going to lead the reader to a better understanding of Rock n' Roll. I chose to do Rock music because I can identify myself with it. Rock music is very complex. In fact It's stylistic scope is to broad to Essay, be encompassed by any single definition ( Rock Music, Groliers, p.1). The nearest definition. Bass guitar , Blues , Disco 1267 Words | 4 Pages.

English Comp 1 4/21/12 Popular Culture in Rap Music The history of rap music started in geography an integrative Africa with rhythmic beats using . How To An Essay Introduction? drums. From Africa to the Caribbean islands it came to America and in what way is science, started its influential change on American Music. The first rap song to take flight and make its mark on the up and coming rap culture was the Sugar Hill Gang in 1979. In 1986 rap music finally reached the top of the music charts and was show on for MTV for the first time featuring Run-DMC. In What Geography Science? Continuing to Essay Experimentation Ethical?, change. Hip hop , Hip hop music , Method Man 1037 Words | 3 Pages. but also jazz poetry. According to in what way is geography, John Sobol, the write introduction, jazz musician and poet who wrote Digitopia Blues, rap bears a striking resemblance to the . evolution of jazz both stylistically and formally.[21] One of the way is geography an integrative, main influences on Hip Hop artists was James Brown.

James Brown is credited for best friend quotes, inventing funk music in the middle '60s. The characteristic funk drum beat is the most common rhythm used for in what geography an integrative, rap music. Two of the Beloved Analysis: and Its, earliest recordings which have a funk beat and lyrics which are rhymed in rhythm. African American , Funk , Hip hop 1209 Words | 4 Pages. Reggaeton and Rock are two of the genres with more booms in way is geography an integrative science the world. While others say this whole controversy that has had the reggaeton in . these last days. Which of the how to write an essay, two genres will be most appropriate for our youth and sons? Rock or reggaeton? It's a broad question and responses, as there are many songs with different messages that lead to the population in general, but especially to the youth who are most in need of positive pulses and music that magnify inside as people. Geography? Reggaeton and rock were born. Alternative rock , Blues , Hardcore punk 697 Words | 2 Pages.

The Effects of Rap on Inner Cities. Today, Rap has become the most popular type of music in what the US. Geography An Integrative Science? The Rap industry is dominated by artists' who mostly dedicate . their lyrics to either violence, drugs, or sex. Through 1998 and born, 1999 the survey taken by the National Music Bureau, stated that 46% of the listeners of Rap are under the age of 19. While 65% of the listeners, live in run-down homes, or impoverished areas, usually being inner cities. Science? The National Music Bureau also reported that in the 66% of the listeners of twist born Rap who are. Crime , Hip hop music , Human sexual behavior 1941 Words | 5 Pages. chances You were just what the doctor ordered I'm beginning to feel like a Rap God, Rap God All my people from the front to . the back nod, back nod Now who thinks their arms are long enough to in what science, slap box, slap box?

They said I rap like a robot, so call me Rapbot But for me to rap like a computer must be in my genes I got a laptop in my back pocket My pen'll go off when I half-cock it Got a fat knot from that rap profit Made a living and a killing off it Ever since Bill Clinton was still. Bill Clinton , Dr. Dre , Eminem 803 Words | 3 Pages. MUS1111: Rock Music History Spring 2012 Mondays, Wednesdays, amp; Thursdays 10:30am-11:35 am Blackman Auditorium (Ell Hall) Professor: . Essay Is Animal Ethical?? Junauro Landgrebe Office: 337 Ryder Phone: 617.373.7473 Email: [email protected] (email is preferred) Office Hours: Wednesdays 12 PM 1 PM or by appointment Teaching Assistant: Brian Bergeron Email: [email protected] Course Objective: Survey rock music and its evolution from the 1920s through current times. We will examine. Alternative rock , English-language films , Heavy metal music 1808 Words | 7 Pages. VIOLENT AND VULGAR RAP LYRICS What happened to censorship? Then shall we allow our children to listen to any story anyone happens to make . up, and so receive into their minds ideas that often the very opposite of those we shall thing they ought to have when they are grown up? Plato, The Republic While Plato may not have had rap music to contend with, he posed a question that could be a leading concept for a society concerned with the geography an integrative, impact of todays music on its kids. In. Censorship , First Amendment to what are appendices, the United States Constitution , Media studies 2369 Words | 7 Pages.

and Disco records, thus creating a sound that they would later transform into the music that we love and appreciate today. Way Is An Integrative? Both House music and The Abraham Lincoln, Hip Hop . borrow or sample excessively from many different types of music such as Disco, Jazz, Soul, Blues, Rock , Alternative, Ramp;B in addition to geography, live instrumentation. Was Oliver Born? This could not have been done without the help of the turntable, which in both genres is the in what geography an integrative science, cornerstone to the music, and the starting point for many artists of both genres. Hip Hop was. Disco , Funk , Hip hop 922 Words | 3 Pages. Christian Hip-hop VS Secular Hip-hop Donald Payne COM/170 6/12/12 Faith lbarra Christian Hip-hop VS Secular Hip-hop . Hip-hop is a form of popular music thats comprised mainly of emceeing and deejaying. As hip-hop continues to evolve into a successful enterprise, it has emerged into trends, such as clothing styles, improper dialogue known as slang, and an overall general mindset.

While the write introduction, secular industry of hip-hop promotes sex, drugs, and violence, to name a few; the Christian objective. Afrika Bambaataa , Hip hop , Hip hop music 1140 Words | 3 Pages. Influence of in what way is science Rap Music Today, Rap has become the and Its, most popular type of geography an integrative music in the US. My Dog Best Friend Quotes? Many people listen to music while . they drive their cars, are at work, do housework, and study, etc. Music as we know it today is the voice of a generation. In What Geography An Integrative Science? It gives us entertainment, and speaks out for a community of what are appendices people in many ways. Geography? Most people listen to at least some sort of music, and serve a purpose. Deaths And Its Effects? Just about any expression can be shared through music. Rap is one type of fastest growing music in.

Eminem , Gangsta rap , Hip hop 1388 Words | 4 Pages. Good vs . Evil: Rock and Hip Hop Written by: Chanel Auguste In 1965, The Rolling Stones early hit, I Can't Get No . Satisfaction, is taken off of many radio station's play lists after they received complaints of the lyrics containing sexually suggestive lyrics. 1980, Pink Floyd's hit single Another Brick in the Wall (Part II), with its chorus of kids chanting We Don't Need No Education, is way is geography an integrative banned by the South African government; Children upset about Essay Experimentation, inferior education, adopt the geography science, song as. Dr. Dre , Gangsta rap , Hip hop 4303 Words | 12 Pages. The Negative Impact of Rap Music on what are appendices Today's Youth. The Negative Impact of Rap Music on Today's Youth Today's rap music has changed dramatically since the 1970's. . Rap music has become the most popular type of music in the U.S. Rap music can give people entertainment and geography an integrative science, can also tell a story in someone's life. Are Appendices For? According to in what way is geography an integrative, the American Heritage Dictionary, rap music is defined as, a style of music associated with urban street gangs and characterized by violent, tough talking, often misogynistic lyrics (Miffin, 2000). Rap music was formed in the.

Death Row Records , Disco , Hip hop 2233 Words | 6 Pages. Rap music has made a negative influence on pop culture today. It has led to gang attacks, vulgar language and actions, and inappropriate . clothing style. Although some rap has a good meaning to it, and lets people express the way they feel, it still has impacted pop culture in a negative way. Everyday I see kids, even of young age, singing a rap song that uses dirty and inappropriate words, and sagging their pants so everyone can see their butt. Rap music gives pop culture the write an essay introduction, wrong idea about way is geography an integrative, the. Gang , Gangsta rap , Hip hop 1129 Words | 3 Pages.

Country Music vs . Rap Music Today there are many different genres of music. There are many types of music for anyone. Country . and Rap music may be two most popular types of music. Many people who like country dislike rap music and the other way around. Many people who listen to rap would never listen to introduction, country or ever admit to it. On the other hand people who listen to country may enjoy some rap music. In each type of music, they have many sub-genres.

There also are many stereotypes that are associated. Academy of geography an integrative science Country Music , African American , Country music 551 Words | 2 Pages. defining rap music, some define it as poetry in the form of music. Beloved And Its Effects? Even though rap music is in what way is geography thought of as a form of art, it is what are appendices for . highly debated as a controversial social issue. Author Sid Kirchheimer from in what way is geography science Does rap put teens at The Abraham Lincoln Essay risk makes a claim that rap music is a detriment to our youth. He believes that negative behaviors is the outcome of people watching and listening to rap music. Author Curtis Aron from Rap Music: Is It As Bad As Some People Think? Thinks otherwise and claims that rap music. Eminem , Gangsta rap , Hip hop 1104 Words | 3 Pages. Since its start in the music industry around nineteen eighty-eight rap music has always been under a lot of scrutiny for its lyrics and . messages that it portrays.

Rap music has a long history starting back to the days of slavery and has come a long way since then bridging gaps between all genres of music including jazz, blues, and basic drum beats. When hip hop first came about its message was simple. It was groups of way is an integrative science black men who described the life they were living in the ghettos all over twist born the. African American , African American culture , Eminem 2520 Words | 6 Pages. Rap Music: A Misinterpreted Art Form By Enoch Noel Submitted to Ms. Jones Oct. 9, 2001 Oral Communication T-Th-4pm Outline Thesis Statement: . Social acceptance for rap music is geography an integrative science my goal and in order for me to reach it, I will have to answer the where was oliver twist born, questions what is rap , who founded it, and how much influence does the geography, news and media have upon rap music. Introduction I. Where Was Oliver Born? History of in what way is geography Rap Music A. When, and who founded it? B. What is Rap music? II. What For? Compare and way is geography an integrative, contrast parent's view about rap music.

A. How. Busta Rhymes , Eminem , Hip hop 1390 Words | 4 Pages. History of Rock and Roll Mus 1006 Summer Quarter 2013 CSUEB Online Dann Zinn Course Content: This course centers on the study of . the history, trends, and influences of rock musicians and their music on society and culture. No previous musical training is required. The ultimate objective is for the student to what for, develop a greater understanding and way is geography an integrative, appreciation of this great form of art and entertainment. Course Books and Is Animal Ethical?, Resources: Required Katherine Charleton- Rock Music Styles, A. 1970s , Beat music , Elvis Presley 1060 Words | 5 Pages. ROCK MUSIC IN PROPAGANDA This essay will explore the claim that Rock music has a significant and big role in propaganda. The . claim derives its sources from the an integrative, history and todays social events.

The essay begins by where was oliver, summarizing the social situation of 1950s and way is geography science, how Rock music occured. Then, it continues with the usage of Rock music in forms of best quotes propaganda, which are black propaganda and white propaganda. In addition to this, the essay talks about in which fields Rock music is in what geography an integrative used for propaganda. Disco , Live Aid , Music 2508 Words | 6 Pages. Im going to share my personal speculations on my dog best friend rap music versus, classical music.

Born in a family of Jehovahs witnesses, I personally enjoy . In What Way Is Geography? all types of music, rap being the only one I detest . Analysis: Deaths And Its Effects Essay? In perspective classical music is much more soothing than rap can ever be. Rap tends to discredit and disfigure woman. Rap started in the late 1970s. Rap to me is way is geography science a cluster of drug dealers, and hood rats rapping telling young kids there troubled child hood stories. Rappers use vulgar language, that.

18th century , Eminem , Hip hop 284 Words | 2 Pages. This essay is about the history of how to write introduction Rock and Roll and how it changed society. Rock and Roll- A Great Movement in way is geography Music The type of music that later became known as rock and roll evolved in the mid 1950's. . How To Write Introduction? It was a combination of jazz, rhythm and an integrative science, blues, country, and gospel sounds. The Abraham Lincoln Essay? One of the reasons rock and an integrative science, roll was said to Beloved Deaths, have such a great impact on society at the time was mainly due to the fact that it broke the race barriers of the time. During the 1950's, the greater part of the United States, in particular the South, was segregated, with blacks on one side and whites. Blues , Funk , Rock and way is an integrative science, roll 729 Words | 3 Pages. instruments. For example in the steel pedal guitar can be plays the lead riff in Country Roads by The Abraham, John Denver. Way Is Geography An Integrative Science? It can also be heard in Wild Horses by . the Flying Burrito Brothers. Along with the pedal steel guitar another essential of country and folk rock is a acoustic guitar which can be heard through these albums and is the base for this genre. John Denver used Guild and an essay, Yamaha guitars, Neil Young played a Les Paul and Hank Williams Martin D-28.

Some artists will use a variety of instruments, for. Country music , Country rock , Creedence Clearwater Revival 958 Words | 3 Pages. A History Paper- Rock ?n' Roll Many people and many styles of science music influenced Rock and what for, Roll. The styles included Blues, Jazz, . Gospel, Bluegrass, Boogie-Woogie, and in what geography, Rockabilly. Each was a major factor into the introduction of a new style of best friend quotes music called Rock ?N' Roll. In What? Popular music places a premium on accessibility, represents various meanings to boost both instant appeal and memorability - distinctive tunes, novel instrumental flourishes, danceable rhythms, repeated riffs - but its signal feature. American styles of music , Blues , Jazz 1171 Words | 4 Pages. Murphy Alexander @02660619 Similarities Between Rap and Poetry Poetry and rap have been around for many years and are appendices for, have been . In What An Integrative Science? used to born, appeal to the senses of an integrative science audience members of many different ages, races, cultures. How To? Poetry and in what geography an integrative, rap are similar in many unique ways.

One may look upon The Abraham, poetry and rap as two different genres, however, rap can actually be classified as a form of modern day poetry. Rap often talks about different ideas and subjects than most poems, however they hold similar formats to poetry. Alliteration , Genre , Hip hop 429 Words | 2 Pages. The Negative Impact of Rap on Todays Youth. are listening to or the effect that it has on them.

Many individuals put much of their critical focus on in what way is science forms of music that get a bad reputation, like . rap . Many rap artists include curse words or outwardly promote haram (unacceptable) activities. But few in society seem to look carefully at what are considered appropriate music genres like rock /pop. Pink, a very well known pop artist, has a song titled Get This Party Started. In the first verse she relates: Get this party started on a Saturday. Cognitive science , Consciousness , Mind 785 Words | 3 Pages. Often times when people hear about Hip Hop/ Rap music, theyll paint a picture in their heads of black men cussing, guns, marijuana, lots of . gold, and girls looking like prostitutes.

Parents and teachers put an image in their kids head that Rap music is is my best friend quotes bad, and they dont want their kids to in what geography an integrative science, be influenced by something that is negative. With the way Rap music is advertised in the US, I would have to agree with that looking at my dog is my friend quotes it from an average parents point of view. But what people dont. Disc jockey , Funk , Gangsta rap 915 Words | 3 Pages. Music vs . Rock Music As I grew up my dad had some rules that everyone that wanted to science, live in The Abraham Lincoln the house had to follow. One of way is science . those rules was that every individual growing in the house had to learn how to play an instrument.

When I was growing up, I loved to is my friend, listen to an integrative, rock music and write introduction, used to imagine myself playing the geography an integrative, guitar so I told my dad I wanted to my dog best, play the guitar and he enrolled me in way is geography an integrative a classical guitar class. Let me tell you something I had to learn the hard way, classical music and rock music. Baroque guitar , Blues , English-language films 464 Words | 2 Pages. explain how rock cycle operates. How do rocks metamorphose at destructive plate boundary? Rock cycle is a cycle . that describes how rocks are transformed. Igneous rock can change into sedimentary rock or metamorphic rock . How To An Essay Introduction? Sedimentary rock can change into metamorphic rock or into igneous rock . In What Way Is Geography An Integrative Science? Metamorphic rock can change into igneous or sedimentary rock . Besides, metamorphism at the destructive plate boundaries creates different characteristics of rocks . Operation of the twist born, rock cycle The Rock Cycle . Basalt , Geology , Igneous rock 939 Words | 4 Pages. Evolution of Rock Rock music has evolved into many different styles throughout time, some styles are very similar and some . Science? are extremely different, but all have their own unique sound. The point of my research is to educate other students on how to write introduction some of the main styles of geography science rock and introduction, rock legends and how they came to be. Folk Rock Folk rock is a musical genre combining elements of both folk and rock music. It is very similar in in what geography an integrative content as folk music but incorporated with a few touches of rock music such.

Album-oriented rock , Alternative rock , Electric guitar 894 Words | 3 Pages. Origin of how to write an essay introduction Rap Music and its Dependance on High Technology. ?Roughly fifteen years ago, the initial rumblings of rap music were eminating from the streets of New York City. Rap music is . very much a product of its urbanized, literacy-based environment, as can be seen in the advanced technology necessary to produce the science, music. Although the connection between rap music and its modern roots is impossible to ignore, rap's dependence upon high technology is often over-emphasized, eclipsing any opportunity to connect rap culture to was oliver born, a time before the world of turntables. Epic poetry , Gangsta rap , Hip hop 2692 Words | 5 Pages. Formation of Rocks The three main ways rocks are formed: Sedimentary rocks are formed through the gradual . In What Way Is Geography An Integrative Science? accumulation of sediment: for example, sand on Essay a beach or mud on a river bed. As the sediment is buried it is compacted as more and more material is in what way is science deposited on top.

Eventually the how to an essay, sediment will become so dense that it is essentially rock . This process is known as lithification. Igneous rocks are rocks which have crystallized from a melt or magma. The melt is made up of geography an integrative science various components. Crust , Earth , Geology 1471 Words | 5 Pages. The Rock Cycle Classification of was oliver born Rocks The rock cycle is the formation, breakdown and reformation of a . rock as a result of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic processes. The rock cycle is an illustration that is way is an integrative used to describe how the three rock types are related and how Earth processes change a rock from one type to for, another over time. Each group contains a collection of rock types that differ from each other on the basis of the size, shape and arrangement of mineral grains.

Due to the driving. Igneous rock , Metamorphic rock , Mineral 1100 Words | 4 Pages. The History of Punk Rock What comes to your mind when you hear the word punk? Do you think of a violent, attention-seeking young person, . or do you think of a rebellious teenager who is trying to go against the mainstream society? Punk is about being 16 and saying no. According to Encarta Dictionary: English, punk is geography an integrative science a youth movement of the late 1970s, characterized by loud aggressive rock music, confrontational attitudes, body piercing, and unconventional hairstyles, makeup, and clothing. Alternative rock , Hardcore punk , Heavy metal music 1871 Words | 6 Pages. Igneous rocks The second type of how to write introduction rock we'll look at is igneous rock . Formation The inside of the Earth is very . hot - hot enough to melt rocks . Molten (liquid) rock forms when rocks melt. The molten rock is called magma. When the magma cools and solidifies, a type of rock called igneous rock forms. In What Way Is Science? What are they like? Igneous rocks contain randomly arranged interlocking crystals. Essay? The size of the in what science, crystals depends on how quickly the Beloved Analysis: Deaths and Its Effects Essay, molten magma solidified. The more slowlythe magma cools, the in what science, bigger.

Igneous rock , Magma , Metamorphic rock 1657 Words | 6 Pages. Igneous rock From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article needs additional citations for verification. Write An Essay Introduction? Please help improve this . article by in what way is geography an integrative, adding citations to reliable sources. How To An Essay? Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2012) Geologic provinces of the world (USGS) Shield Platform Orogen Basin Large igneous province Extended crust Oceanic crust: 020 Ma 2065 Ma 65 Ma Igneous rock (derived from the Latin word ignis meaning fire) is one. Basalt , Granite , Igneous rock 1890 Words | 7 Pages.

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essay on coriolanus S teven Berkoff caius marcius berkoff. Laughter, Gender, and Death in Steven Berkoff#146;s Coriolanus. Copyright 2002 Ken Lauter. [Henry Irving] ran his theatre like a warrior. Steven Berkoff#146;s production of an integrative science, Shakepeare#146;s Coriolanus was the most penetrating rendering of a human soul I#146;ve ever seen on a stage. Designed, directed by, and starring Berkoff, it was stylized, spare, athletic, rich in mime and ensemble choreography, joyfully anti-naturalistic? and evidently influenced by my dog is my best friend everything from Brecht to Japanese kabuki [02] . But beyond the elegant stage design [03] , superb supporting cast, and fine music, the real force of the in what an integrative science, play was generated by the organizing energy and Beloved and Its Effects Essay dramatic presence of Berkoff himself? in a persona he has wryly labeled #147;the Berkoff beast.#148;

That persona is impossible to in what way is an integrative science, convey fully in words alone, but we can approach it by how to introduction focusing on his rendering of one of Shakespeare#146;s most troubling and eccentric characters. Berkoff#146;s vision of the Roman hero and geography traitor was grandly idiosyncratic. Deaths And Its Effects! Here was a new Coriolanus? as a strutting, macho, campy yet thoroughly menacing Mussolini. Here was a man who? in spite of immense ego, martial ruthlessness, abject (and even at times comical) submission to in what way is geography, his mother? came across, finally, as a man of integrity and (surprisingly) real tenderness. Both Shakespeare and Berkoff know that Coriolanus would not and could not be politic.

He was a warrior? and nothing but a warrior. The ultimate question the play addresses, then, is clear enough: what does being a warrior mean? And why has Berkoff been so fascinated by Coriolanus virtually throughout his career? [04] 1. The Berkovian Warrior. For Berkoff, such questions are synonymous with asking what it means to Lincoln, be a man ? one living now, in a world of nuclear weapons (and disintegrating nuclear families), feminism, post-cold-war politics, and geography an integrative science modernist/deconstructionist aesthetics. Berkoff suggests that someone who fights to an essay, maintain his personal integrity, honor and in what an integrative science courage is still living #147;like a warrior.#148; The like, however , is crucial. If you take the term warrior too literally, Berkoff#146;s work will seem crude and anachronistic; if you don#146;t take it as a measure of real things in the real world, you trivialize him. In Berkoff, the warrior is both real and symbolic, material and spiritual, martial and psychological. What Are Appendices For! And living like one is neither simple nor easy. Historically, of course, being a warrior has entailed standards of way is an integrative, discipline, skill, loyalty, self sacrifice, and physical courage? all of what are appendices, which Berkoff affirms, not only in this production but also in the dramatized memoirs of geography an integrative, his own mean-streets youth, East (1977) and friend quotes West (1985). In the former, which he subtitles #147;Elegy for the East End / and its energetic waste,#148; Berkoff remembers: #147;you would fight to the death to defend that particular lifestyle that was your own.#148; [05] And of in what geography an integrative science, #147;schtarker#148; hero Mike in West, Berkoff says: #147;Mike#146;s truth is to live for simple principles and to put his courage where his mouth is.

He defeats the Huxton monster [a gang leader] and will continue to quotes, fight monsters so that others can rest safe in in what geography, their beds.#148; Coriolanus fights the Volcian #147;monster#148; Aufidius in are appendices for, much the same spirit. Yet Berkoff recognizes that the in what an integrative science, tradition of martial valor has become obsolete and sentimental as a gauge of modern warfare [06] . And in spite of stage stylistics that are often extraordinarily athletic and a tendency for his ensemble to resemble a street gang, Berkoff is Is Animal, never muddled in this theme? he#146;s neither war-monger nor macho sports fanatic. In his autobiography and elsewhere, he repeatedly expresses a revulsion for war [07] ? often vis-a-vis Britain#146;s invasion of the Falkland Islands [08] ? as well as an unmitigated contempt for pub-haunting soccer thugs. It is certainly true that Berkoff productions are often marked by extreme violence, terror, and images of war. Yet when examined closely, these elements are as polemically #147;anti-war#148; as the poetry of Wilfred Owen. In What Way Is An Integrative! Berkoff sees the mother-son reconciliation scene in Coriolanus as #147;one of the great anti-war scenes in drama.#148; [09] In fact, what he does in this play is to Analysis: Deaths, transform #147;the warrior#148; into geography an integrative science, a metaphor for the state of the soul? and one of an essay introduction, his subtexts is precisely Owen#146;s notion that the Roman adage dulce et decorum est pro patria mori [10] is a vicious deception, #147;the old lie.#148; Ironically, Berkoff exposes this lie by presenting us with a character who will not, who cannot, see it as such. Just how important to Berkoff, then, is the concept of the in what way is, warrior code? As noted in Beloved Essay, the epigram to this essay, Berkoff sees the way is geography science, great Nineteenth Century actor and producer Henry Irving as a kind of warrior.

Berkoff also calls Hamlet #147;a moral warrior,#148; and #147;a strong virile human being. a soldier philosopher,#148; while finding #147;male bonding#148; between Hamlet and Horatio comparable to that between Coriolanus and his men. [11] With such intriguing clues in mind, I suggest that in Coriolanus Berkoff continues his pursuit of the was oliver twist born, theme of genuine maleness, grappling with the idea that for men as men, the way is geography, fullest possible (and perhaps only honorable) life can come only by Essay serving a demanding #147;warrior code,#148; a life without compromise or self-betrayal. But betrayal is, in fact, at the heart of Shakespeare#146;s play. It is scrutinized in Coriolanus with great intensity, almost to way is geography, the point of ferocity? and is shown to pose a greater danger to is my best friend quotes, the protagonist than the perils of war. Those he is trained for, those he accepts as part of in what geography, his profession; but in matters of betrayal, this Roman warrior is a rank amateur? or more precisely, as I show later, a boy. The classical view of the play? that Coriolanus is a tragic hero who falls because of an inner flaw in Beloved Analysis: Deaths and Its Effects, his character? is, if not entirely discarded, radically revised by Berkoff. He recognizes that this Roman bull is way is an integrative, a great dramatic challenge? a cold, sneering, #147;politically incorrect,#148; narrow-minded aristocrat. Wyndham Lewis calls him #147;the incarnation of violent snobbery.#148; [12] This actually gets it backwards, since Coriolanus worships merit, not class, but it catches the how to an essay, tone of the character pretty well. In What An Integrative! He certainly is, as D.A. Traversi says: #147;possibly the most disconcerting and introduction incongruous of all Shakespeare#146;s heroes.#148; [13]

Rather than ignore such defects, Berkoff actually heightens and revels in them? or rather, plows right through them. Geography An Integrative! Instead of a conventionally noble hero with the aristocratic demeanor of, say, Laurence Olivier, Berkoff paints Coriolanus as a naked, homogeneous self, like a child or a saint? one who is also a loud, arrogant soldier. Lewis actually calls him #147;a cruel and stupid child,#148; one whose mother has #147;coached and formed him into the madman he is.#148; [14] This is reductive but, again, not far off the an essay introduction, mark? and Coriolanus#146;s ferocious tantrums and petulance are played over the top by Berkoff to great effect. But children and madmen cannot ultimately sustain great drama? so what redeems Coriolanus, what gives him texture and interest, not to mention moral authority? That is the paradox of Berkoff#146;s production. First, Coriolanus is never dissembling, never Machiavellian. In What Geography Science! The very idea of hypocritical or self-serving speech outrages and confuses him.

He hates making speeches of any kind (particularly to Essay Experimentation, those he has contempt for): #147;He would not flatter Neptune for his trident / Or Jove for#146;s power to way is science, thunder.#148; (III, i) In Coriolanus#146;s code, the only life for a true Roman is the challenge of Analysis: Deaths Effects, total self-sacrifice, to way is geography science, defend the state from Beloved Effects, its enemies, to fight to the death. For Coriolanus, the warrior motto of dulce et decorum est is not a lie? it is a living truth. Better a noble death than a cowardly life, always. Berkoff wants us to seriously consider the possibility that Coriolanus is noble? not by family name or good manners or political astuteness, but by his unflinching posture as a warrior. He says of his arch enemy Aufidius, #147;I sin in envying his nobility.#148; For this Roman general, conforming to in what an integrative, the warrior#146;s code is nothing less than a kind of for, spiritual aspiration. Moreover, for him, Rome is its martial nobility? and if not that, nothing. Those who don#146;t measure up to this standard are parasites, enemies of the state.

He loathes the lower classes, thinks them unworthy of a civic voice, and would even let them starve for in what an integrative science their cowardice in battle. So when his own standing as a Roman is finally subverted by are appendices for the Machiavellian tribunes [15] , Rome itself becomes #147;the enemy#148;? and Coriolanus can join his old enemies freely and in what way is an integrative #147;untraitorously#148; (in his own eyes) because the Volcians are still warriors. They have not betrayed the warrior#146;s high calling. The Abraham Essay! Once with the Volcians, Coriolanus certainly wants revenge on geography an integrative science, Rome, but we feel it is at least in part a just revenge. Berkoff therefore wins us over to him almost against our will? not totally perhaps, but very strongly. Where Twist! [16] Whatever else we may think of in what geography an integrative, Coriolanus, it is perfectly clear that the knavish tribunes are right about him in one thing: he is friend quotes, not fit for political leadership, except possibly as a dictator (hence the Mussolini costume) [17] . In What Way Is Geography An Integrative! Everyone can see he is my dog is my best friend, too egotistical, inflexible, or childish for office, but that is superficial. In What Way Is Geography! Berkoff#146;s daring performance convinces us that Coriolanus is unfit for politics precisely because he is too noble? if by noble we mean a man who is what, totally absorbed by his role . #147;Let me play/the man I am#148; is Coriolanus#146;s anthem. Geography An Integrative Science! That is, let me be a soldier, a fighter, a killer if need be? but honor me for doing it by never asking me to curry favor from cowards or hypocrites for are appendices for political gain. And yet this is the man whose friends and family are relentlessly, insidiously urging him into political life! In the in what geography, end, Coriolanus is The Abraham Essay, betrayed, not by his flaws but by his virtues (#147;Rights by rights founder, strengths by strengths do fail,#148; IV, vii), and not by his old enemy Tullus Aufidius, but by his #147;friends#148;? his mother, his wife, his fellow warrior Cominius, his old friend and mentor Menenius, the tribunes, and in what way is geography science the gullible, abused plebeians? in short, by virtually the entire Roman state. Such a sense of The Abraham Essay, betrayal is a terribly exasperating vision for today#146;s liberal, democratic, submissive, corporate citizen and casual theatre goer.

And worse, it might easily slide into a vision of macho martyrdom. In What! The only write, thing that prevents that from happening is geography science, laughter. 2. Berkovian Laughter. This production was full of the raw, audacious farce that Berkoff is so expert at? and which evoked salty laughter almost from born, beginning to end. The laughter comes in many forms, some of which are Shakespeare#146;s usual pit-pleasing puns and way is an integrative science gambols, others the brilliant physical comedy of mime and choreography. But the for, main thrust of the in what geography, laughter, I submit, lies in the self-parody that Berkoff constructs around the very virtues he is celebrating? the prowess, honesty, crudeness, and even the terror of warriors. Coriolanus may be a hellion, Berkoff asserts, but that doesn#146;t mean he can#146;t be riotously funny? mostly at his own expense. This view of the character has no basis in Shakespeare. His depiction of Coriolanus is a much more constrained, crisp, somber (and boring!) Roman than we saw on Beloved Analysis: Deaths and Its Effects Essay, stage at the Mermaid. Shakespeare was no doubt fascinated by the man, a killing machine whose mother was clearly the source of his tiger-like ferocity; and there is also in the text a sense that Coriolanus was wronged by his fellow citizens and that they deserved some measure of the wrath he finally turns on them.

Still, I don#146;t think Shakespeare liked Coriolanus or wanted him to be liked. He is, in Shakespeare, more of a force of nature than a man, a foil to his own lost humanity and in what way is science dissolved loyalty to his nation. The Abraham! We need to way is an integrative, remember that in Elizabethan England being a traitor was a matter of how to introduction, almost obscene perfidy. But Steven Berkoff likes Coriolanus? and wants us to like him. The miracle of the production is that this ambition is realized? even though we also fear Coriolanus and laugh both with and at him. Again, we like him primarily because, to adapt what Iago says (falsely) about himself, Coriolanus #147;is what he is#148;? a kick-ass soldier, a patriot, a good son, a hard, brave man who won#146;t suffer fools or cowards lightly. Such a combination is nearly impossible to resist on stage (at least in in what an integrative, the laughter-rich character which Berkoff created). The laughter redeems his crudity.

It almost redeems his cruelty. It humanizes him, and finally, gives us the secret of his soul, illuminating Berkoff#146;s vision of what it means for a man to write introduction, live like a warrior. What we see, ultimately, is that real warriors can laugh at themselves? even unto death. [18] Berkoff#146;s self-parodic laughter begins in the very first scene and flavors the rest of the play. When Coriolanus gets the news that the in what geography an integrative, Volcians are making war, he is openly delighted? because it offers him the chance to fight the mighty Tullus Aufidius once again. #147;He is the lion/ I am proud to hunt,#148; (I,i) boasts Rome#146;s champion? with a fat grin. Shakespeare#146;s stately rhetoric of aristocratic honor in my dog quotes, combat was totally undermined by Berkoff#146;s delivery of the Volcian general#146;s name. Between the #147;Tullus#148; and #147;Aufidius,#148; Berkoff emitted a ringing wolf howl, accompanied by science a limp-wristed shaking of his fingers. It was one of the most startling pieces of pure comedy in the production (and one that would be echoed later in a subtle and ironic way). Berkovian laughter is most often generated, however, by Coriolanus#146;s vituperative outbursts [19]. They are passionate, impolitic, and hysterically funny. Even his great renunciation scene, ending with the my dog is my, triumphant rejoinder to those who have just expelled him from in what geography science, his beloved Rome, was played for a laugh by Berkoff.

This famous speech begins with concentrated loathing (#147;You common cry [pack] of curs, whose breath I hate / As reek o#146;th#146; rotten fens, whose love I prize / As the Essay Experimentation, dead carcasses of way is geography an integrative science, unburied men#148;? III, iii). But Berkoff ended it with an Essay ear-splitting, hyper-paused #147;I. BANISH. YOU!#148; This put the rest of the ensemble on their heels, their eyes dazed full moons. It was hilarious and fearsome at the same time? something only an actor with Berkoff#146;s brazen presence (and powerful lungs) could pull off. It#146;s a mistake, though, to way is science, consider these outbursts merely childish. They are rash, petulant and morally disgusting at times (the citizens of Rome may have bad breath, but they also have legitimate, heart-breaking grievances, which Coriolanus spurns simply because they are not as brave as he is) [20] . Is Animal Ethical?! But it is love, honor, and in what geography an integrative science pride that animate the general#146;s outbursts. And more importantly from Essay, a dramatic point of view, although his verbal explosions finally cost him his life, they were absolutely thrilling to see? which tells us how badly we crave making them ourselves. Those who can consistently live this way are (or so we dream) outrageously, unfathomably heroic? even when they are funny, and even in in what an integrative, an age as cynical and despairing as ours.

Berkoff writes: I always like characters who are much larger than life and believe these are the people the audience craves, that they may gain hope and energy from Essay Is Animal Experimentation Ethical?, their example to us. Audiences don#146;t want creatures who are the mirror of their own ghastliness and pettiness. [21] Berkoff#146;s Coriolanus was pretty ghastly himself at in what science times (e.g., when he cooly twisted an arrow out of the throat of an enemy soldier)? but he was never petty, and he radiated energy and hope right up to where, his dying breath (which Berkoff mimed brilliantly? for once with absolutely no laughter impinging on in what way is an integrative science, the scene, as I show later). It also should be noted that? in what are appendices for, spite of the fact that its Coriolanus was definitely a #147;gangsta#148; general? this production was kept free of even a grain of way is an integrative, fascist chic or the worship of violence.

This was accomplished, among other ways, by one of the The Abraham Essay, brilliant pieces of mime in in what an integrative science, the production? a slow-motion epiphany in Beloved Essay, blue light of way is geography, Roman and Volcian soldiers methodically murdering one another with knives, swords, spears, and where born garrote cords? always ambushed from behind, blind-sided, a kind of in what way is, danse macabre, war as serial-assassination. This haunting, almost unbearable sequence (all Berkoff, of course, not Shakespeare) was as devastating an #147;anti-war#148; statement as it could be? quite a trick in a play whose protagonist was made so strangely endearing and grand precisely because he#146;s both a Rambo-like fighter and an impious comedian [22] . In any case, it#146;s absolutely clear that Berkoff was not engaging in any Nietzschean fantasies of the warrior as Obermann? the play#146;s insistent, raucous laughter is introduction, one guarantee of this. Way Is! Another guarantee was the production#146;s unique dramatization of gender. 3. Berkovian Gender-Bending. Gender images and inversions of them were perhaps the most important, original element in the production. This is a subtle thing to and Its, convey. If you have seen Berkoff#146;s rampant virility on stage? and how suddenly and convincingly he can shift into a thoroughly feminine tenderness, the point is way is science, self-evident.

But what can we say analytically? Are we to think that Coriolanus and Aufidius are gay? Others have hinted at something of the sort, and not just with regard to this play. Wyndham Lewis again: There is [a] curious demented sensuality that [Shakespeare] is fond of attributing to military rivals, but which is not an element calculated to increase the atmosphere of respect at their feats of daring: it even makes them? the Hotspurs, Achilles, Hals, and born so forth? a little ridiculous. [23] Lewis#146;s #147;demented#148; is homophobic of course, but he does point to something real? only to get it all wrong once again.

Berkoff shows us just how wrong? for as Berkoff plays him, Coriolanus may very well be gay or bisexual, but that is clearly not what matters. What matters is way is science, that he is a tremendous warrior who lives his code with a ferocious joie de vivre and integrity that even his worst enemy acknowledges and Essay Is Animal Experimentation envies. There certainly was an ample, strident sensuality in Berkoff#146;s Coriolanus; but he was not ridiculous? he was awesome. In What Way Is Geography An Integrative Science! His submissive or #147;effeminate#148; nature (registered most obviously in his submission to Mother Volumnia), far from seeming demented was the most human thing about him (though often comic). If anything, it served to increase our appreciation of his warrior prowess. For instance, when Coriolanus storms through the gates of Corioli by was oliver twist born himself [24] ? or even when he tosses off his double-breasted, pin stripe suit coat, rolls up his sleeves and gives the geography an integrative, rowdy mob a good thrashing to the musical strains of the theme from the Bat Man TV show? we are all the more impressed that this farcical punishment is being administered being by a man who speaks of real combat as if he were speaking of sex: it#146;s luscious, it#146;s irresistible, it#146;s what makes life worth living for the warrior? a supreme high, a kind of #147;warrior drug.#148; [25] Such language may sound more like a bizarre army recruiting spiel than Shakespeare? but Berkoff stands on solid textual ground here. After Coriolanus has been banished from Rome, Aufidius (clearly an alter-ego to the hero) greets him in Antium with a note of sheer erotic ecstasy: Mine arms about that body, where against.

My grained ash an hundred times hath broke, And scarr#146;d the moon with splinters: here I clip. The anvil of my sword, and Analysis: and Its Essay do contest. As hotly as nobly with thy love. As ever in way is geography an integrative science, ambitious strength I did. Contend against thy valor. Know thou first,

I loved the maid I married; never man. Sigh#146;d truer breath; but that I see thee here, Thou noble thing! More dances my rapt heart. Than when I first my wedded mistress saw. Bestride my threshold. Quotes! ( V , v ) What a preposterous (but dazzling) piece of poetry! No historical figures? the homosexual armies of Sparta included? ever spoke like this [26] . But this is theatre, not history; and geography language aside, only the most provincial among us in the Year of Our Lord 2002 still need to be convinced that gay men can be tough? and as capable of how to write, military valor as John Wayne ever was. [27]

In any case, Berkoff#146;s vision of in what geography an integrative, this bloody Roman warrior and lover of warriors was full of an urbane, lyrical laughter, and male-to-male sensuality. The lusty, hugging, back-slapping meetings and mock fights that went on between Coriolanus and his men? and also between him and is my best quotes the General Cominius? were boisterous and strangely tender at once [28] . Geography An Integrative! These warriors love each other. Any other way of putting it would be a distortion. My Dog Is My Friend Quotes! That such a love should occasionally verge on erotic intensity may seem surprising to geography, some; but these two ingredients? Coriolanus#146;s homoeroticism and his exuberant, laughing joy in it? gave Berkoff#146;s production a strangely moving quality. It wasn#146;t #147;queer Shakespeare#148; for shock value; it was gender-bending for the sake of dramatic truth: complexity, gradations, overlappings, and contradictions rather than rigid male-female dichotomies were what this production found in the warrior life. The scenes of combat between Coriolanus and are appendices for Aufidius took this all a step further [29] . When the two generals locked up in mortal combat, Berkoff played it entirely with mimed swords? i.e. the in what an integrative, actors wielded #147;invisible#148; weapons. There was no sound-effect for the clash of blades? only the Lincoln, mimed shock-wave of arrested force registered in the freeze-frame of in what way is geography, crossed blades and contorted bodies, simultaneous with loud, gut-rending grunts from the actors. After each swing of swords, they stood momentarily face to face, eye to eye in this embrace, trembling in muscular exertion, sweating, growing red, breathing like race horses, pouring pure animal rage into where born, each other#146;s eyes. It was, in short, an orgasmic image. What does Berkoff mean by it?

On the one hand, I think he was simply rendering the rush of combat that some men experience? though not all, by any means [30] . Such a high is brought on simply by human biology? the way is an integrative science, so-called #147;fight-flight-or-fuck#148; neurophysiological response that occurs in the body under conditions of introduction, extreme stress [31] . This is the ultimate source of the homoeroticism in the play. It does not #147;explain#148; the play or Berkoff#146;s interpretation of it; but it gives us a context and vantage point from which to view the love-hate relationship that Coriolanus has with his greatest enemy. Thus when Aufidius finally kills Coriolanus, Berkoff staged it as a kind of mock sexual intercourse, with the in what geography an integrative, Volcian warrior standing astride the Analysis: Deaths Effects, supine body of his foe, plunging his mimed spear down in in what an integrative science, a furious spasm of what for, consummation. At this moment in the play, all the in what geography, Berkovian homoerotic laughter was drained off and was oliver born replaced with cold fury, grief, and confusion [32] . In What An Integrative Science! Which is to say that gender-bending images in is my best friend, Berkoff are sometimes comic, but they are not mere superficial fun. Life contains more, finally, than gender or laughter can comprehend. It can also contain despairing rage that will sometimes vent itself in in what way is geography, a vile parody of the sexual act. Deaths Effects Essay! So when we see Aufidius #147;fucking#148; Coriolanus in the death scene, it is not pornographic mockery or camp Freudian symbolism. Way Is Geography An Integrative Science! It is a moment of Beloved Analysis: Deaths Effects, genuine human mystery and tragedy. In another, better world, these men, we now understand, might have been lovers instead of mortal enemies.

4. In What Science! Berkoff#146;s Mothers and Sons. Coriolanus has a wife and mother, as well as an enemy. Where are the women placed in Berkoff#146;s gender universe? The wife Virgilia stays pretty much where Shakespeare puts her? at the margin. She has few lines and where twist born less dramatic impact [33] . She is the geography an integrative science, mother of the next Coriolanus, a boy who shreds butterflies for fun. My Dog Best Friend Quotes! Coriolanus is indifferent to her, and geography an integrative Shakespeare paints her and her friend, Valeria, in chilly colors [34] : The moon of Rome, chaste as the icicle. That#146;s curdied [congealed] by the frost from The Abraham Lincoln, purest snow, And hangs on Dian#146;s temple; (V,iii) It is not Virgilia who stirs passion in in what way is geography an integrative, Coriolanus? it is his mother, the formidable Volumnia and the very archetype of what are appendices, a Roman Mother [35] . In my view, she is the in what way is an integrative, key to the play and the center of its gender images.

The costuming of the two women in Berkoff#146;s production was striking. Is My Friend Quotes! Both wore long, velvet gowns with long trains, Virgilia#146;s in geography, dark lavender, Volumnia#146;s in Beloved Deaths and Its, blood red. In What Way Is An Integrative! Coriolanus#146;s mother is the incarnation of his warrior soul. She declares she would rather lose a dozen sons in Analysis: Essay, battle than have a single coward survive. She has groomed Coriolanus into what he is: the perfect warrior, the incompetent politician. And it is she, as mentioned earlier, who nags her son into asking (begging, he would say) for a consulship, which brings on his death? and very nearly the destruction of science, Rome as well.

Ultimately, it is she and she alone who saves Rome from her own Frankenstein-monster son whom she has lost control of in is my best friend, her relentless ambition for power in his name. What kind of gender statement does all this make? I think Berkoff and Shakespeare concur: mothers are indeed the Magna Mater, larger, more central, and most importantly, more flexible than sons. Volumnia is clearly warrior-like herself? but (and this is in what an integrative, everything in the play) she, unlike her son, is not just one thing. Like Homer#146;s Odysseus, Volumnia, as her name hints, is Lincoln, polutropos? many skilled. She is a shrewd politician and in what geography an integrative science a loyal, #147;nurturing#148; Roman (she would never attack her native city, Mother Rome).

She does not confuse ends and means, as Coriolanus does so pitifully. She does not lose her temper (at least not in public, where it would be a political liability). She knows when to be still, when to compromise, when to cut her losses, when to sue for peace. She clearly would have made an Lincoln able consul, or even Senator, herself. Way Is Geography! Why none of this is passed on to her male child is not stated or intimated in are appendices, the play? but it is there, a fact looming as large as war itself and some men#146;s single-minded aptitude for it. These elements are most vividly traced in two scenes? one where Volumnia badgers Coriolanus into trying to gain a consulship, and in in what geography science, the reconciliation scene near the end when she saves Rome but dooms Coriolanus to are appendices, his fate at the hands of the Volcians.

The first is played comically by Berkoff, the second as sheer pathos. When Volumnia forces her son to curry the favor of the in what geography, plebeians he loathes (III, ii), she exercises her mother#146;s prerogative in an almost merciless way. Where Born! Surely, we think, she must see this can only way is geography an integrative, end in disaster! But when Coriolanus whines his reluctance, she chides him: #147;Pray be counseled / I have a heart as little apt [compliant] as yours, / But yet a brain that leads my use of where born, anger / To better vantage.#148; She is speaking here, not just as Mommy, but also as the in what geography an integrative, perfect Machiavellian prince? head over heart, long term interest over short, anger as a strategic weapon, not as a self-indulgent trigger to Beloved Deaths Essay, martial prowess for its own sweet sake. In bearing, she is also a mother scolding her child into way is an integrative, taking his medicine? he must hold his nose and swallow, damn it! This goes down with Coriolanus like treacle, of course, and Berkoff plays it with much mugging and grimacing, as Volumnia continues the siege: Now, this no more dishonors you at all.

Than to take in a town with gentle words. I would dissemble with my nature, where. My fortunes and my friends [ are ] at stake. I prithee now, my son, Go to them with this bonnet in my dog is my best, thy hand. Thy knee bussing the stones.

Now humble as the geography an integrative, ripest mulberry#133; Again, great poetry and sound political advice? but Coriolanus is someone who cannot dissemble with his nature; and so his answer to for, Volumnia is the pathetic cry of a boy being told he must stop playing and come in the house. #147;Must I?#148; he groans over and over again? but he#146;s no match for Mom. He crumbles before her like the boy he is at in what science heart (and perhaps knows he is, hence his uncontrollable fury when Aufidius insults him by calling him a boy? i. e., not a warrior). The definitive moment comes with Volumnia#146;s simple statement: #147;You are too absolute.#148; Warriors are like that! we want to say back to her? but she herself is a Roman warrior-matron, caught up in the ethos of an imperial state, and The Abraham would not hear [36] . In What! Yet as indicated before, Volumnia is also an ambitious, capable politician. My Dog Best Friend Quotes! Her tragedy and her son#146;s is that while she cannot be a soldier, she could do all the other things she longs for him to in what way is geography science, do. He is Lincoln, not #147;man enough#148;? or, since he is so inflexible, maybe we should say not woman enough. In the reconciliation scene (V, iii) where Coriolanus spares Rome for his mother#146;s sake, similar things occur, but with the comedy of grown-man-turned-peevish-boy entirely absent. This time Coriolanus probably knows in advance that he will lose the in what way is an integrative, argument with his mother once more? and how to write an essay introduction that the consequences will be fatal. I melt and am not. Of stronger earth than others.

My mother bows. As if Olympus to in what science, a molehill should. In supplication nod. Like a dull actor now. I have forgot my part and I am out [speechless] Now, the #147;dull actor#148; in Berkoff#146;s lexicon is one who does not perform like a warrior (as the dead metaphor #147;real trooper#148; implies? and hence the #147;full disgrace#148; to an admirer of Analysis: and Its, Henry Irving.) The Olympus-molehill hyperbole is an extreme expression of the mother-son dynamics operating throughout the in what an integrative, play. Essay! Here, Coriolanus, would-be sacker of Rome, salutes Volumnia as #147;the most noble mother of the world#148; and kneels to her? only to an integrative science, have her, to was oliver, his horror, kneel to him! She knows exactly what the way is, circumstances demand and, like a warrior, does it.

But the The Abraham Lincoln, pathos in her words, even as she ruins him, is immense: #147;Thou art my warrior; / I holp to frame thee#148; (my italics). This doesn#146;t mean that Mother V is geography an integrative, about to go easy on Beloved Analysis: Deaths Essay, sonny, however. She charges him with being on the verge of: Making the in what, mother, wife, and child, to how to write an essay introduction, see. The son, the husband, and in what way is geography the father, tearing. His country#146;s bowels out#133; . thou shalt no sooner. March to assault thy country than to tread. (Trust to The Abraham Lincoln Essay, it, thou shalt not!) on thy mother#146;s womb.

That first brought thee to this world. When Coriolanus still resists momentarily, Volumnia delivers the final blow: This fellow had a Volcian to his mother; His wife is in Corioli, and his child. Like him by chance. Coriolanus simply collapses? responding with words that reanimate and enlarge other themes of the play: O mother, mother! What have you done?

Behold, the heavens do ope, The gods look down, and in what geography an integrative science this unnatural scene. They laugh at. O my mother, mother! O! You have won a happy victory to The Abraham Essay, Rome; But, for science your son? believe it, O, believe it!? Most dangerously you have with him prevailed.

Laughter again? but this time icy, abstract, #147;unnatural.#148; Berkoff rolled those #147;o#146;s#148; like the long, lonely howls of Analysis: Deaths and Its, a wolf. It was an eerie effect? the confused, grief-stricken juvenile-male wolf being driven away from in what way is geography an integrative, his mother#146;s den to fend for himself for the first time. (And note how beautifully Berkoff#146;s earlier comic wolf howl about Aufidius prepared us for this moment!) Coriolanus had abandoned Rome, but he had never abandoned his mother, and never could have. Perhaps he now understands that Volumnia is #147;Mother Rome,#148; the she-wolf that suckled Remus and Romulus. This laughter-gender conjunction, then, produces, not human comedy, but cosmic irony, the kind that ordinarily only the gods can perceive? and inflict on mortals. Coriolanus may have caught a glimpse here of how much bigger than warriors mothers really are [37] . Volumnia has, in effect, spilled his blood when even Mars himself could not do it. (Aufidius is the actual executioner, but he is The Abraham Lincoln, empowered by Volumnia#146;s prior spiritual defeat of way is geography, her son.) Before the play ends, however, we do return, briefly and where was oliver bitterly, to the realm of human laughter. The fatal insult that Aufidius hurls (#147;thou boy of tears#148;) is a blatant lie? but still one that provokes a sense of in what an integrative, betrayal in write introduction, Coriolanus as deep, as suggested earlier, as that between lovers.

Taking the bait, Coriolanus snarls back: Boy! False hound! If you have writ your annals true, tis there. That, like an eagle in a dovecote, I. Fluttered your Volcians in Corioli. A lot depends on how we hear the word boy in in what way is science, this speech.

If we hear it as Berkoff wants us to? with ironic compassion? then the issues of Lincoln, gender and laughter align in a coherent, powerful way. If we hear it superficially, if it glints only with macho vanity, then the in what way is science, play teeters on the brink of bathos. Where Twist! It is at precisely this moment that the like of #147;like a warrior#148; is most delicately poised. I submit that Berkoff knows perfectly well the risks he runs here, knows that boys and in what science (supposedly) mature men actually think and what are appendices for talk this way ? and in what an integrative science that, from a human point of view, it is pitiful that they do. At the same time, in Berkoff#146;s strong stage voice, these words can cut into almost any man#146;s soul, no matter how mature he is. There is irreducible biological programming under all the strutting bravado that Berkoff wants us to honor [38] . #147; Alone I did it.#148;? male vanity and male glory inextricably fused, a boast all the more silly and satisfying because it is true (we#146;ve seen it with our own eyes earlier in the play). Not many men today will admit that this kind of bravado thrills them in some fundamental way; but it does? and Berkoff, rather than denying it or euphemizing it, glories in it. Thus he has it both ways: he lets himself play warrior with grim ferocity? and invites us to laugh at and with him for doing so! This yielded some great theatre? and also a profound comment on gender in our times as well as Shakespeare#146;s [39] . What Coriolanus means is plain enough. (#147;I#146;m not a boy, I#146;m a warrior? and you damn well know it, Aufidius!#148;) But ironically, the accusation stands? for we have just seen that Coriolanus is a boy when confronted by are appendices his mother. Berkoff#146;s general, then, is in part a stereotypical spoiled brat, a rampant mamma#146;s boy.

Yet in in what an integrative science, context? given that this boy has just relinquished his lust to burn Rome in revenge for its lack of Beloved Analysis: Deaths and Its Effects, appreciation of his valor? what does being a boy mean except that he is human, a creature of flesh and blood, laughter and in what way is an integrative tears, pride and humility, reason and emotion? and write introduction not just a remorseless warrior. This is in what way is science, all that saves Rome. It is Is Animal Experimentation, all that saves any of us? and I think it is in what, ultimately what attracts Berkoff to this otherwise hugely unattractive character. Coriolanus#146;s epitaph might read: #147;He loved his mother.#148; [40] 5. Death of is my friend, a Warrior.

The death scene in Berkoff#146;s Coriolanus was perhaps its most brilliant and violent moment? and its most audacious use of #147;physical theatre.#148; Here is what happens. First, several Volcian soldiers mime stabbing Coriolanus. He falls to the floor, on his back, head to the audience. Then, in in what way is geography an integrative science, the mock-sexual consummation described earlier, Aufidius mimes spearing him in Analysis: Essay, the heart. In What Geography An Integrative! At first, we think it is all over? but no!? Coriolanus moans, grabs the invisible spear which impales him, flexes up on his heels, and proceeds to write introduction, slowly rotate on its axis 360 degrees until he lies head toward the in what geography an integrative, audience again? where he then, to The Abraham Lincoln, our utter astonishment, slowly pulls the spear out of his body, hand over hand. Then and only then he dies. It#146;s every actor#146;s dream. (Was there ever a death scene more over the top?) Described in words, it may sound preposterous, but on stage it was fantastically successful. It seemed to in what way is science, last forever, even though it only took a few minutes at most. You could hear a pin drop during it? except for how to an essay a) the loud thuds of Berkoff#146;s boots on the floor as he slowly levered himself around on the spear, and b) his grunts of exertion at each rotation. On one level, this scene was macabre? an animal#146;s death, the last thrashing of way is geography, a speared lion, an actor#146;s expression of quotes, supreme bravado, but ghastly and dream-like.

In the brief moment before Coriolanus is carried off stage, we almost wondered: will he come back to life one more time even now? Then, when he didn#146;t, when we understood that it was only pure will that kept him going and that he was finally biologically dead, there was a crushing sense of in what, despair that arose, an intimation of just how totally all things? gender and laughter included? are annihilated in death. But the play does not end with death? it ends with the funeral ode of Aufidius. As Coriolanus#146;s body is marched off on the shoulders of the Volcian troops, Aufidius loses his rage and laments: #147;Yet he shall have a noble memory.#148; After the is my best friend, play#146;s long detour into the world of the Mother, we are now back in the world of the warrior-code, the homage of one soldier to another. So the way is science, line has great ironic tension in it, coming from the man who called this warrior #147;boy#148; and then murdered him. Aufidius had once revered Coriolanus (#147;Thou noble thing!#148;), had loved him more than his bride. Now that he is dead and only a memory, he is noble once more. Warrior and child are one. This may be, in Hardy#146;s words, #147;wishing it might be so#148;? but in the power of the production it seemed fully justified. The line also bears comparison to my dog best friend quotes, the eulogy rendered to Hamlet (Berkoff#146;s #147;moral warrior,#148; remember).

When Horatio bids farewell to way is an integrative, Hamlet with #147;Flights of angels sing thee to thy rest,#148; he invokes the Christian mythology of afterlife, divine perfection, and absolute salvation. None of that obtains in the pagan setting of where was oliver twist born, Coriolanus, where the dead live eternally only in memory; and though the memory of the warrior and his rigid code may be noble in its own way, in its boy#146;s dream of pure valor, here in the real world? with women and children in way is science, it? we can no longer accommodate him. He would burn Rome [41] . He is too absolute. The son must die, that the mother might live. Men who love their enemies more than their wives; a fierce warrior who is a little boy; a mother who is a stronger warrior than her soldier son; warriors crying and mothers sternly demanding; mothers giving their sons life and then condemning them to The Abraham, death? these, I argue, are the tropes of gender at work in Shakespeare#146;s Coriolanus; and Berkoff exploited them as no one before him had, by bathing them in his own virile, keenly ironic laughter. Perhaps such concerns are even more unavoidable in our time than in the Elizabethan age. Ours, after all, is the era of global ecological disaster, ethnic cleansing, and mass starvation, all of way is, which seem to elude correction by even our best-intentioned leaders? most of whom are male and, as such, inheritors of the warrior ethos, however attenuated and Essay Is Animal Ethical? euphemized. If #147;the warrior#148; is to have a favorable memory at all, much less a noble one, he must die? and soon? that Mother Gaia might live. We all understand that by now, don#146;t we?

Shakespeare saw it four hundred years ago. Berkoff sees it too? and makes us see it afresh. The warrior, he says, dies hard? unbelievably hard? but (to adapt a phrase from Dickens) he dies, thank god, he dies! Rome breathes easier with him gone. He could never have been content in the Pax Romana. However, Berkoff#146;s bravura death scene forces a final question to the surface of the play? and exposes the #147;like#148; in his #147;like a warrior#148; ethos once more, in a very poignant way. Way Is Geography! If Coriolanus had magically defeated death? as he almost seems to do in The Abraham, his prodigious battle with the invisible spear? or if he were resurrected in our own time, who would this warrior be today? A Black Ops guy or Navy Seal, maybe? but where in civilian life could he find the kind of science, passion and laughter which he once found in war? There#146;s only one place, of course: on the stage, playing himself in one of Shakespeare#146;s most moving and unnerving plays.

What is the secret of Coriolanus#146;s soul? All we really know is that he is a creature of great passion? of great hates, to be sure, but mostly of great loves? for what are appendices for his mother, his country, his honor, his profession, his men, and in what himself (in pretty much that order, Berkoff implies? a radical reading of the play in itself!). What Coriolanus presents is an old, terrible paradox. Love and Essay valor are simply not enough in life? and trying to in what way is science, live as if they were is pretty sure, sooner or later, to get you hated, banished, or even killed; but those who live without a supreme dedication to such values have, to Lincoln, some degree, murdered their own humanity, their honor, even their own salvation. This does not sound like a theme compatible with laughter, but in the genius of Berkoff#146;s theatre, it can be. 6. Coda - Berkoffs Shakespeare and Ours.

I like to in what, create each production. in a way that has never been conceived or imagined before, as if there had never been a theatre. I approach each piece with the avowed intention of making this the goal and salvation of my life, as if my sanity lies in solving the puzzle [of the play.]? Steven Berkoff [42] The last conventional Shakespeare is banished from the scene, and Beloved a variety of unconventional Shakespeares take his place. In What Way Is An Integrative Science! About any one so great. it is Essay Is Animal Experimentation Ethical?, probable that we can never be right; and way is an integrative science if we can never be right. we should from time to time change our way of being wrong. ? T. S. Eliot [43] Just how unconventional is Berkoff? I would argue that this is not the best way to put the question. The real issue is: how unconventional was Shakespeare? My answer is: tremendously. In spite of his sometimes near-hysterical fear of best, regicide (and its flip side, flattery of the reigning monarch); in spite of the fact that he sometimes clings to a medieval world-view; and in in what geography an integrative science, spite of a misogynist moment or two? Shakespeare was, I believe, at some deep spiritual level, a truly radical artist, fully alert to the profound cultural changes which we now call the Renaissance, and embracing as many of them as he could.

After all, the Beloved Effects Essay, really conventional plays and playwrights of way is science, every era are consigned to Beloved Effects Essay, oblivion. In What Way Is Geography An Integrative! To last, in art, is to be #147;unconventional,#148; if not always in surface form, then in inspiration, in vision. Shakespeare may or may not be the writer most responsible for #147;the invention of the human#148; (as Harold Bloom rather glibly puts it [44] ); but he has spoken to are appendices, more of us over the last 400 years about geography an integrative what being human means than any other writer in English. So if Berkoff has merely changed our way of being wrong about the Bard, we#146;ll know it soon enough. In the meantime, we can revel in his unconventional productions, warts and all? though to my mind the warts are few if any. Coriolanus is the only Berkoff I#146;ve been fortunate enough to The Abraham Lincoln Essay, see in live performance, but it is not, of geography an integrative science, course, the only Shakespeare he has mounted. He has also done a much acclaimed (and equally unconventional) Hamlet? and written about both experiences at length [45] . In addition, his own plays are saturated with Shakespearean language, which definitely falls trippingly from his tongue. Berkoff has, I suspect, absorbed the Bard in a way that few of his peers have.

In one interview, he remarks: #147;I love the language, I love the arias, the musicality. Just to play Shakespeare is very good for Beloved Analysis: Deaths and Its Effects the human soul, very spiritually cleansing.#148; [46] These are hardly the words of an integrative, a man whose sense of the unconventional is limited to costume, stage design, mime, or chances to Beloved Analysis: Deaths and Its Effects, ham it up (though he loves all that). In What Way Is! Sure, his portrait of a Roman general as a strutting Mussolini has a certain shock value? pure theatricality, which the East-End tough in Berkoff no doubt delights in throwing in the face of the RSC Oxford-and-Cambridge crowd. But Shakespeare himself played to Beloved and Its Effects, the pit more than once? and his raucous spirit of in what way is geography science, misrule (not just in Falstaff or Sir Toby Belch, but more radically and complexly in and Its Effects, Caliban) is as much at the heart of his art as are the patrician musings of geography an integrative science, Hamlet and his Wittenbergian ilk. You might say that Berkoff produces Shakespeare as a liberated Caliban might have? with the Beloved Analysis: Deaths Effects Essay, kind of fury and wisdom available only to those who come from a despised and outcast class. If London#146;s East End was Berkoff#146;s prison, then when he won his freedom? as he surely has over several decades of magnificent work? we should not expect him to act like Ariel. He has done it his way. Way Is An Integrative Science! He has moved across the Ethical?, international theatrical world of our time in much the same way as Coriolanus sees himself when he is banished from an integrative, Rome: #147;I go alone / Like to a lonely dragon.#148;

Copyright 2002 Ken Lauter. Included on the site with the kind permission of for, Ken Lauter.