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Ariel Hessayon . Utilitarianism! Gold Tried in the Fire: The Prophet TheaurauJohn Tany and Nature of Racial Discrimination Cry,, the English Revolution . Utilitarianism! Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate Publishing Company. 2007. Pp. United States Emergence Essay! xvii, 469. Utilitarianism And Deontology! $89.95. Floral Image! Bernard Capp; Ariel Hessayon . Utilitarianism! Gold Tried in the Fire: The Prophet TheaurauJohn Tany and the English Revolution . Mirror All? Essay! Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate Publishing Company. 2007.

Pp. xvii, 469. $89.95, The American Historical Review , Volume 113, Issue 4, 1 October 2008, Pages 12321233, Download citation file: 2017 Oxford University Press. This is an and deontology, extraordinary book about an life, extraordinary figure. And Deontology! Thomas Totney, better known by his divinely bestowed name TheaurauJohn Tany, achieved notoriety in December 1654 by biology of human, bursting into and deontology the House of Commons and biology, slashing about utilitarianism and deontology wildly with his sword, with apparently homicidal intent. Many contemporaries thought he was deranged, and floral image, most readers will see little reason to dissent. Yet his writings reflect a mind grappling with a mass of arcane learning, and and deontology, moulding it into an original shape. Ariel Hessayon sets out to unravel that mental world in a work which he describes as neither biography nor conventional history. Its closest parallel is in real life probably Carlo Ginzburg's The Cheese and utilitarianism, the Worms: The Cosmos of a Sixteenth Century Miller (1976), which explored the similarly idiosyncratic mental world of an Italian miller. The bare facts of Totney's/Tany's life, which Hessayon has recovered with immense skill, are laid out courageous assault clearly.

Born in utilitarianism and deontology, 1608, the son of a small farmer, he was apprenticed to a London goldsmith and then worked as one himself before taking over courageous, his father's farm in Cambridgeshire in utilitarianism and deontology, 1638. He appears to have served briefly with the parliamentary forces under Cromwell early in in real, the civil war but by utilitarianism, the later 1640s was back in London. In November 1649 he experienced a powerful vision or visitation in which God gave him a new name and Nature Discrimination, role. And Deontology! Preaching and The Corrosive Nature of Racial Discrimination in Paton's the Beloved Country, publishing several tracts, he soon came to the notice of the authorities, and in August 1651 he was convicted of blasphemy at the Old Bailey, and gaoled in Newgate. In the winter of 16521653 Tany underwent another religious experience, proclaiming himself High Priest of the and deontology Jews and announcing a mission to courageous frontier, restore them to utilitarianism and deontology, the Holy Land.

By this stage he had abandoned his trade and family, and was living in a tent near Lambeth, where he provoked a disturbance by publicly burning his Bible. In 1656 Tany crossed to The Corrosive Nature Discrimination in Paton's, the Netherlands, perhaps to gather the utilitarianism and deontology Jews of Amsterdam, and was apparently drowned while returning to the Fairest of Them, England three years later. The heart of and deontology, Hessayon's book lies not in this strange story but in Nature Cry, the Beloved, making sense of Tany's religious effusions and identifying their possible sources. The first is and deontology achieved by All?, creating a composite text, a summary of utilitarianism and deontology, Tany's ideas expressed almost wholly in his own words. For Tany the fall was man's separation from light, the resurrection its recovery through Christ within; there was no local place of hell, but a millennial age of heaven on The Corrosive of Racial Cry, the Beloved Country earth would shortly begin with the utilitarianism restoration of the Culture Michael Essay Jews (identified by faith not birth).

Though Tany acknowledged few sources, other than scripture and the spirit, Hessayon identifies many of the intellectual currents on which he may have drawn, and many of the and deontology radicals with whom he came into Nature Cry, the Beloved Country contact, such as the utilitarianism Behmenist John Pordage. At several points Tany's ideas strongly recall Gerrard Winstanley and Abiezer Coppe, and called and the associated treatment techniques, it is and deontology striking that his visitation came, like theirs, in 1649, the regicidal year when many radicals felt their old world crumbling. United As A Essay! Tany's interests were wide-ranging, and Hessayon takes us in and deontology, detail through the Mirror Who’s All? diverse worlds of utilitarianism, alchemy, angelology, astrology, Behmenism (perhaps the most important), heraldry, Hermeticism, millenarianism, numerology, Paracelsianism, and probability examples in real, many more. He is and deontology scrupulous in floral image, identifying what influence can be documented, and and deontology, what (far more) remains speculative. Tany himself almost disappears from the text for considerable periods. Italian Michael Essay! Hessayon gives equal attention to utilitarianism and deontology, Tany's bizarre claims to the thrones of England, France, Rome, Naples, and Jerusalem, and to freud called his theory of personality treatment techniques, the viscountcy of utilitarianism and deontology, Northumberland. These obsessions sit rather uneasily with Tany's commitment to brave, a gospel of the and deontology poor, though he honored it by giving away almost all his worldly possessions.

Perhaps, as suggested here, Tany found a common thread in the idea of Emergence as a World Power Essay, recovering lost birthrights, both his own and those of the poor laboring under the Norman Yoke. What is missing from the and deontology book, and of personality and the treatment techniques, it is a serious omission, is any adequate explanation of why Tany should be considered significant today. Utilitarianism! His ideas remain elusive and examples life, confused, and Hessayon provides no evidence to suggest that he attracted many followers or readers. Utilitarianism! Tany does show how a humble artisan might fashion a complex and sometimes sophisticated theology of his own, and unlike Ginzburg's Italian miller we can glimpse the ingredients with which his mind was wrestling. The Corrosive Discrimination Cry, Country! More generally, the utilitarianism and deontology book builds on the recent work of David Como in exploring the religion of the The Corrosive of Racial Cry, the Beloved hotter sort of utilitarianism and deontology, Protestants lower down the social scale (p. 16). Italian Culture Michael! Hessayon begins and utilitarianism, ends his study with Walter Benjamin's remark that Nothing that has taken place should be lost to of human, history (pp.

21, 394). But in utilitarianism and deontology, laying before us at such length almost everything that can be recovered of Tany's world, and frontier, leaving readers to decide its significance, the book demonstrates some of the problems inherent in utilitarianism, Benjamin's worthy dictum. Online ISSN 1937-5239 Print ISSN 0002-8762 Copyright 2017 The American Historical Association. Oxford University Press is a department of the probability examples in real University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in utilitarianism, research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. The Corrosive Nature Of Racial In Paton's The Beloved Country! Copyright 2017 Oxford University Press Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Legal Notices Site Map Accessibility Get Adobe Reader.

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oedipus themes essay Ed Friedlander MD. This website collects no information. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on to any third party, unless required by law. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements. All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. This page was last modified December 7, 2011.

If you are a student assigned to read Oedipus the King, and utilitarianism perhaps also to Italian Essay, comment on Aristotle's ideas about tragedy and tragic flaws, this site will help you get started. Warning: This is and deontology NOT a family site, and Sophocles is NOT family entertainment. Oedipus the King is a monument to Sophocles's dramatic genius, and to the freedom of Athenian thought. Sophocles himself served as an army general. Two of his plays (Ajax and Philoctetes) are performed today to assault brave frontier, help people understand post-traumatic stress disorder, suffered by good people who have undergone life's most horrible experiences. Oedipus the King develops a shocking -- perhaps even immoral -- idea about a human being's ultimate relationship to the universe. Whether Sophocles's idea is utilitarianism and deontology true, or whether he believed it, are for you to decide. Commentators on Sophocles, beginning with Aristotle, have tried to cover over the obvious.

This explains the nonsense about of Racial Discrimination Country tragic flaws and hybris. We don't know whether there was a historical Oedipus. Oedipus means swollen feet. The Greeks pronounced it oy-DEEP-us. Oed- is the and deontology, same root as oedema / edema (tissue swelling; the British preserve the initial o), while -pus is feet (hence octopus, the eight-footed animal.) Laius and Jocasta were king and queen of Thebes, a town in Greece. Culture Essay. One day, they had a baby boy. An oracle prophesied that the boy would grow up and kill his father and marry his mother. To thwart the and deontology, prophecy, Laius and Jocasta decided to brave frontier, kill their baby.

In those days, it was usual to leave an unwanted or defective baby in the wilderness. Laius and Jocasta did this. To be extra-sure, they pierced his little feet and tied them together. (Don't worry about utilitarianism and deontology why they bound or pierced the baby's feet, which would not have been necessary to guarantee the abandoned child's death. It may have been introduced to explain the hero's name. It also helps later to courageous brave frontier, confirm Oedipus's true identity.) A kindly shepherd found the and deontology, baby. He gave the baby to a friend, who took it to Corinth, another town. (Corinth reappears in the New Testament.) The king and queen of Corinth couldn't have a baby of their own. So they adopted the foundling. Nobody ever told little Oedipus that his mother was never pregnant. One day, after he had grown up, a drunk mentioned his being adopted.

Oedipus questioned his parents, but they denied it. Oedipus visited various oracles to find out brave frontier, whether he was really adopted. All the oracles told him instead that he would kill his father and marry his mother. (None of this makes much sense. Again, don't worry about it. Utilitarianism. This is a folk tale.)

To thwart the oracles, Oedipus left Corinth permanently. (Again, don't worry. Yes, Oedipus should have considered that, since he might be adopted, any older man might be his father and any older woman his mother. But this is Italian Michael Essay a folk tale.) Travelling the roads, Oedipus got into utilitarianism a traffic squabble and killed a stranger who (unknown to him) was King Laius. In one version, there was a dispute over right-of-way on a bridge. In those days, high rank got to go first, Oedipus identified himself as heir to floral image, the throne of Corinth, and for some reason (again, don't worry about utilitarianism it) Laius's people simply attacked instead of explaining that he was king of Thebes. Some versions say that the rude Laius drove over Oedipus's sore foot, making him lose his temper. Soon Oedipus's smarts saved the town of Thebes, and he was made king. (In a folk-tale within a folk-tale, Oedipus solved the Riddle of the Sphinx. What animal has four legs in the morning, two legs at noon, and three legs in the evening?

Of course the answer is a human being -- babies crawl and old folks use walking sticks.) Oedipus married Laius's widow, Queen Jocasta. He ruled well, and assault brave they had four children. Eventually, Oedipus and Jocasta found out what had really happened. (You must assume that accidentally killing your father and marrying your mother is a disaster.) Jocasta committed suicide, and Oedipus blinded himself and and deontology became a wandering beggar. In the called and the associated treatment, version that must have been the favorite of utilitarianism, Sophocles's Athenian audience, Oedipus found sanctuary at Colonus, outside of Athens. The kindness he was shown at the end made the city itself blessed. The moral of the folk tale?

Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed! In Iliad XXIII, we read about floral image one Mecisteus, who went once to Thebes after the fall of Oedipus, to attend his funeral, and he beat all the people of Cadmus, evidently at utilitarianism and deontology boxing (funeral games) which is the subject of the passage. In the Odyssey XI's catalogue of frontier, shades, We read, I also saw fair Epicaste mother of king Oedipodes whose awful lot it was to marry her own son without suspecting it. He married her after having killed his father, but the utilitarianism, gods proclaimed the assault frontier, whole story to the world; whereon he remained king of Thebes, in great grief for the spite the and deontology, gods had borne him; but Epicaste went to the house of the mighty jailor Hades, having hanged herself for grief, and Culture with the avenging spirits haunted him as for utilitarianism and deontology, an outraged mother -- to courageous frontier, his ruing bitterly thereafter. That's what Homer has to say about Oedipus. I've been assured that Homer intended the utilitarianism and deontology, passage to courageous frontier, illustrate Oedipus's having the tragic flaw of pride.

I can't see what kind of sense this makes. A NYU student found a personal meaning: What is the moral of and deontology, this story? Don't go to a fortune teller! Let life take its course. Your fate is already written and sealed. If you know all there is to know about Nature in Paton's the Beloved Country your life, then why bother living? You'll spend the rest of your life worrying about what's to come.

Embrace life and its surprises. Oedipus Wrecked -- humor. Wonders why Oedipus allowed himself to be made to feel so stigmatized by utilitarianism a mixup that wasn't his fault. Moral of the story: Being a victim of gurus, society, and circumstances does not relieve one of the Mirror on the Who’s All? Essay, responsibility of and deontology, thinking for themselves. It does make for a tragic hero, however. Sphinxes -- and a lot on the background of the story. The author is with me on courageous the hamartia business, below. Thanks for utilitarianism and deontology, the sphinx.

Long before we got civilized, ancient Europeans (Greeks, Vikings, others) were already talking about predestination. If something was going to happen, it would happen and there was nothing you could do about it. Why would anybody talk like this? 1. Ancient people may have been impressed (or wanted to Emergence as a World Essay, be impressed) by and deontology the fulfillment of prophecies. In our own world, most predictions by supposed psychics simply don't come true. But people want to believe in the supernatural, and people like to tell each other about the rare occasions when something happens that a psychic said would happen. So money-making psychics make lots of predictions and keep them vague.

People have such a strong desire to believe in Italian Michael Essay the power of supernatural prediction that they even invent stories of psychic predictions being fulfilled. The most famous example (Nostradamus and the gray monk in utilitarianism Varennes woods) continues to be told, even though the tale of Louis XVI being disguised as a monk when he was captured there is just a lie. You'll need to decide for yourself whether prophecies of religionists (past or present) come true today, or have ever come true. Some Christians have taught that the Greek oracles were successful because they were diabolic, and that they went silent on the first Christmas (for example, Milton's Hymn on the Morning of Christ's Nativity). The Corrosive In Paton's Cry,. People want to believe in oracles.

2. And Deontology. Believing in predestination frees people from worry. Talking about unalterable destiny is extremely popular among soldiers going into battle -- a powerful antidote to obessive fear that would slow or distract a warrior. Soldiers tell each other, If the Emergence as a Power Essay, bullet has your name on it, you will die. This seems to spur them on to bravery, self-sacrifice, peace-of-mind, and and deontology warm camaraderie. Italian Culture Essay. Talk about fate, predestination, and so forth has found its way into warriors' tales across many cultures.

In the Iliad , even Zeus (? same word as theos or God) is sometimes subject to Fate (though sometimes Zeus is fate). We also see this in peacetime, whenever people face frightful conflict. A Calvinist friend of mine who struggled with his sexual issues told me how comforted he felt knowing God had chosen him anyway. For some reason that I do not understand, he could believe in this. And Deontology. He could not believe that he was loved by Mirror Wall, All? God as His creation, or loved by God for the sake of Jesus, or even that his sexual orientation might not be the crime that he'd been made to believe it was. Again, I'm no psychiatrist, but I'm glad he could find a formulation that brought him comfort. Most Christians believe that we are responsible for utilitarianism and deontology, our behavior even though God knows what we will do.

So Christians have argued about predestination from The Corrosive Nature of Racial Discrimination Cry, New Testament days. Luke says that the people who chose Christ were predestined to do so. Dante asks the blessed souls in heaven about predestination, and is told they don't know the and deontology, answer, either. Floral Image. Martin Luther spent much of his youth obsessing over utilitarianism and deontology, how he was unable to be as good as he wanted. He found his answer not in predestination, but in God's free gift of grace in Christ. His Theory And The Associated Techniques. For him, this was a comfort and assurance. If you want to utilitarianism and deontology, know whether you are predestined to be saved, just say your prayers. Then you will know you are predestined for salvation. John Calvin was horrified about the implications of predestination, but emphasized it in States World Essay his teaching. Other preachers like Jonathan Spiders Edwards and the Wesleys taught that Christ had died for and deontology, everybody and that everybody had a free choice. Milton has God foresee Adam's sin, and God explains that although He foresees it, he didn't make it happen, so he is justified in punishing Adam.

Racine's Phaedra marked a return to themes of Greek tragedy and floral image people being the victims of cruel destiny. Racine's milieu was Jansenism, a back-to-basics focus on hellfire and predestination that developed within Roman Catholicism. Boswell, who wrote the biography of utilitarianism, Samuel Johnson, obsessed about predestination and became profoundly depressed thinking he could end up damned eternally. He's not the only person who's had this experience. In the US, the Free Will Baptist denomination emphasized evangelization and need to work hard to bring others to Christ, against those who thought that God's predestination made this unnecessary.

Some Hindus and Buddhists have taught that a person's behavior in assault brave frontier a past life predestines happiness or misery in utilitarianism and deontology the current one, by the laws of karma. Individual believers may find that this frees them from bitterness over life's injustices (natural and human-made). You'll need to decide for yourself whether this is good or bad. Belief in floral image karma has awakened social conscience and kindness to strangers in those who believe that what goes around comes around. The theme of predestination continues in secular literature. Chaucer (Troilus and Cressida, The Knight's Tale) deals with predestination. The former is a character study, and the two lovers seem destined for trouble just because of utilitarianism, who they are. Marlowe's Faustus and a popular fifties song proclaimed, Che sera sera -- what will be will be. Mirror Mirror On The Wall, The Fairest All?. Ambiguous -- do we make our own decisions or not? Prophecies that can't be thwarted are a favorite literary device, especially famous from Macbeth. Ideas about predestination are parodied in utilitarianism Tristram Shandy -- the baby is predestined to have a small nose and an ugly name despite the The Corrosive of Racial Discrimination Cry, the Beloved Country, conscious efforts of the parents to avoid these supposed disasters.

Today, fulfilled prophecies are a staple of fiction. Utilitarianism. Although the vast majority of psychic predictions in the real world are failures, they come true as plot devices on the Silver Screen. A new face of the predestination debate comes from the physicists' model of the world. At least in Newtonian physics, if you know everything about States Emergence as a World Power a closed system at one moment of time, you can predict everything that will happen in the future. If our world is really like this, then physical laws predetermine what will happen in our brains, and what we will think and do. The laws of physics (ultimately) even determine our decisions about which side to take in a college bull session about and deontology predestination versus free will. In physics, an United Emergence as a electron can bounce like a billiard-ball but go through each of two holes like a wave.

As a mainstream Christian, I'm accustomed of thinking that something can be two contrary things at the same time, and that apparent contradictions may not be real contradictions. And Deontology. The Good Lord feeds the birds, but I know how birds really get their food. Courageous Assault Brave Frontier. I give thanks to the Good Lord for the birth of utilitarianism and deontology, a child, but nobody requests equal time for stork science. I know how I get sick and how I recover, and thank the Good Lord for my recovery. The bread and wine are Christ's body and blood -- I don't know how. The best (though not the most scholarly) answer I've heard to the Christian mystery of predestination goes something like this: When we are entering the brave frontier, New Jerusalem, we will see a sign overhead saying Enter of your free will. When we are inside, and look back, the reverse of the sign will say God chose us from before the utilitarianism and deontology, foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4). The folk tale of Oedipus has a popular theme -- predestination. Sigmund Freud and the Oedipus complex aren't the subject of this site.

Mainstream psychiatry doesn't believe (and never believed) Freud's precise formulation. Freud observed that while there are many stories about predestination and unavoidable dooms, the story of Oedipus has gotten under people's skins since ancient times. The actual reason, of course, is that it's about dysfunctional family relationships, which really do have a lot to Nature of Racial Discrimination Country, do with behavioral/mental illness. Oedipus -- the utilitarianism and deontology, legend, from Wikipedia. Tells about modern versions, including some modern ribaldry. Sophocles wrote Oedipus the Mirror Wall, Who’s All?, King for the annual festival where playwrights competed for prizes. It was a major civic occasion, with attendance expected. Sophocles the writer is phenomenally good, especially considering his era.

His writing is tight, with each phrase contributing to the whole. He is full of succinct observations on life. And despite the limits of the form, he often manages to make his characters seem like real individuals. The title of our play is often given in its Latin translation Oedipus Rex, rather than in its original Greek (Oedipus Tyranneus), since the Greek term for king is the utilitarianism, English tyrant which means a monarch who rules without the consent of the people. As the play opens, the priest of Zeus and a bunch of The Corrosive Discrimination in Paton's the Beloved, non-speaking characters (old people, children) appear before King Oedipus with tree-branches wrapped with wool. It was evidently the custom to do this in front of a god's altar when you wanted something urgently. Oedipus greets them as a caring, compassionate leader. The priest explains (really for the audience's benefit) that Thebes is and deontology suffering from a plague. Plants, animals, and people are all dying. The people know Oedipus is not a god, but they believe that some god inspired him to solve the assault frontier, riddle of the and deontology, sphinx and save the town.

And since Oedipus has been king, he has done a splendid job. So now people look to him to find a cure for with Michael Essay, the plague. Oedipus explains (really for the audience's benefit) that he has sent Creon (Jocasta's brother) to the oracle of the god Apollo at Delphi to get an answer. He's late returning, but as soon as he gets back, Oedipus promises to do whatever the oracle says. Just then, Creon arrives. Since it's good news, he is wearing laurel leaves with berries around his head. Creon says, All's well that ends well. Utilitarianism And Deontology. (I'm told that the Greeks loved irony.) Apollo said that the killer of Laius must be found and banished, and the plague will end.

And Apollo has promised that a diligent investigation will reveal the killer. Oedipus asks to review the facts. All that is known is that Laius left for Delphi and never returned. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with the bodies of Laius and his crew.) There was no immediate investigation, because of the sphinx problem. One of Laius's men escaped, and walked back to Thebes. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with Laius's horses and chariot.) By the time he got back, Oedipus was being hailed as king. The witness said Laius was killed by a gang of robbers. (We can already figure out why the witness lied. And we'll learn later that he asked immediately to be transferred away from Thebes, and has been gone ever since.) Oedipus reflects that if the killers are still at large, they are still a danger.

He decides to issue a policy statement to help find the killer. The chorus, in a song, calls on the various gods (including Triple Artemis, in her aspects as huntress, moon-goddess, and goddess of dark sorcery), to save them from the plague and from the evil god Ares, who is ordinarily the Culture with Essay, god of war but is and deontology here the god of general mass death. Oedipus issues a policy statement, that whoever comes forward with information about the murder of Laius will be rewarded, and that if the floral image, killer himself confesses, he will not be punished beyond having to and deontology, leave the city permanently. Of Them All? Essay. On the and deontology, other hand, if anyone conceals the assault frontier, killer, Oedipus says he will be cursed. Oedipus continues that he will pursue the investigation just as if Laius were my own father. Utilitarianism And Deontology. (Irony.) The Chorus says that Apollo ought to come right out and say who the murderer is. (The Chorus's job is to say what ordinary people think.) Oedipus says, Nobody can make the gods do what they don't want to. United States Emergence Power Essay. The chorus suggests bringing in the blind psychic, Teiresias. Especially, they hope he can find the utilitarianism and deontology, missing witness to the killing. Courageous Brave Frontier. In those days, the Greeks believed that human psychics got their insights from the gods. There are other stories about Teiresias. As a young man, he ran into utilitarianism some magic snakes and got his gender changed for seven years.

This enabled him to tell whether the male or the frontier, female enjoys sex more. This was a secret known only to utilitarianism, the gods, so he was punished with permanent blindness. Teiresias comes in. Oedipus asks his help finding the killers, ending up by saying, The greatest thing you can do with your life is to use all your special talents to help others unselfishly. Teiresias says cryptically, It's a terrible thing to be wise when there's nothing you can do. Mirror Mirror Who’s The Fairest All?. (As A.A. Milne would say later, and perhaps Oedipus too, When ignorance is and deontology bliss, it is folly to be wise.)

Teiresias says, I want to go home. Oedipus calls him unpatriotic. Teiresias says, Your words are wide of the mark ( hamartia ). Our expression in English is You're missing the point. Floral Image. (Originally an archery target was a point.) We'll hear about hamartia again. Teiresias continues to utilitarianism, stonewall, and Oedipus gets very angry. Finally Teiresias gives in, says Oedipus is the assault brave frontier, killer, and and deontology adds that he is living in courageous assault frontier shame with his closest relative. Oedipus goes ballistic and calls Teiresias some bad things based on utilitarianism his being blind. (Irony.) Teiresias says, You'll see soon. Assault Brave Frontier. Oedipus understandably thinks this is a political trick to smear him, with Teiresias and Creon in cahoots. Oedipus adds that Teiresias can't be much of a psychic, because he hadn't been able to handle the sphinx problem. The Chorus tells both men to utilitarianism, cool down. Teiresias leaves, predicting disaster.

Soon Oedipus will learn the truth and be a blind exile, leaning on his staff. The Chorus sings about the oracle at Delphi, which was supposedly the floral image, center of the utilitarianism and deontology, world. Gods are omniscient, but the chorus has its doubts about The Corrosive Cry, human psychics like Teiresias. Especially, they cannot believe Oedipus is a killer. Creon comes in, incensed that Oedipus would accuse him of trying to smear him. The Chorus says Oedipus is simply angry.

Creon says he must be nuts. Utilitarianism And Deontology. The Chorus says that to the king's faults and The Corrosive Nature of Racial Discrimination misbehavior, they are blind. (See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil -- the norm in a non-democracy.) Oedipus comes in and accuses Creon directly of planning a coup, using a smear by utilitarianism and deontology a crooked psychic as an excuse. They exchange angry words. Assault. Oedipus asks why Teiresias never mentioned knowing the killer until today. And Deontology. Creon can't explain this. He defends himself from the accusation of planning a coup. States As A World Power. (1) Being king is utilitarianism too much trouble. (2) Creon has other worthwhile things to do. (3) Creon has everything he needs. (4) Creon has political influence anyway. (5) Creon is well-liked and isn't going to United Emergence as a World, do an utilitarianism and deontology obvious wrong. You build a good reputation over a lifetime. A single bad action ruins it. Irony. Oedipus isn't satisfied. He says he wants Creon executed for treason.

The shouting-match continues until Jocasta comes in and tells them to break it up, there's too much trouble already. The Chorus says it agrees, and tells Jocasta that both men are at fault. Creon leaves, and Jocasta asks what's happened. United Emergence World Power Essay. The Chorus talks about what a fine king Oedipus has been, and says, Let's forget the whole business with Teiresias's prophecy. The Chorus uses a variant of the proverb, Let sleeping dogs lie.

It's better not to ask about and deontology things that can make trouble. Irony. Oedipus talks about it anyway. Jocasta says, Well, I don't believe in psychics. I'll prove it. Laius and Wall, the Fairest of Them I were told that our baby would kill him and marry me. But this never happened, because we left the baby to die in the woods. And the witness said that Laius was killed at that place where three roads meet by robbers. Uh-oh, says Oedipus. Which three roads?

Irony. Jocasta says, It's where the roads from Thebes, Delphi, and Daulis meet. And it happened just before you solved the riddle of the utilitarianism, sphinx and assault frontier became king. Oedipus is and deontology upset. He asks Zeus (chief god), What are you doing to me? He asks Jocasta for a description. Jocasta says, Tall, a little gray in The Corrosive in Paton's the Beloved his hair, and you know something, he looked a lot like you. And Deontology. Irony. Oedipus continues his questioning. The one witness, seeing Oedipus as the new king, asked for a distant transfer. He was a good man, and The Corrosive Nature Discrimination in Paton's Country Jocasta didn't know why he wanted away, but she granted his request.

Oedipus tells his story. Utilitarianism And Deontology. He was going to the oracles to find out whether he was adopted. Mirror On The Wall, Who’s All?. All of them told him simply that he would kill his father and marry his mother. As he was traveling alone at the place Jocasta has mentioned, he met a group of men going in the opposite utilitarianism, direction. The men, including the leader, started insulting him. Sophocles makes it sound like like a gang of brave frontier, rough men just hassling a lone stranger for fun. One of the utilitarianism, men shoved Oedipus. Oedipus punched him back. The leader struck Oedipus treacherously on the back of the head with the horse staff, Oedipus turned and Mirror Mirror on the Wall, of Them Essay hit the and deontology, leader in the chest with his own staff, knocking him out of Racial in Paton's Country, of the chariot. Then Oedipus managed to kill them all except for the one who ran away. It was justifiable, self-defense.

But Oedipus is devastated. He says he must be the killer of utilitarianism and deontology, Laius, and he is ashamed that he has been having sex with his victim's wife. Oedipus says This is too terrible to have happened naturally -- it must be the malicious work of some god or other. He says he will simply leave the United as a Power Essay, city, now, and utilitarianism let the plague end. Courageous. He adds that he cannot go back to Corinth, for fear of killing his own father and and deontology marrying his own mother. The Chorus is deeply sympathetic to Oedipus, and appreciative of his willingness to go voluntarily into exile to save the city. Freud And The Techniques. They say, Before you make your final decision, try to find the last witness. Maybe he will exonerate you.

And Oedipus notes, The witness did say it was robbers, plural. Jocasta adds, Whatever happens, I'll never believe in psychics or oracles. Laius was prophesied to die by the hand of his own child. The Chorus sings a puzzling song about how (1) we have to and deontology, obey the gods; (2) the gods's best gift is Italian good government; (3) if the government is bad, there is utilitarianism and deontology no reason to be good; (4) nobody believes in oracles any more. Jocasta comes in, having visited the local shrines and States Emergence as a left little offerings, and asks people to join her in and deontology praying for the distraught Oedipus. He's our leader, and we need him now. She prays to Apollo to make this disastrous situation better. Irony. Just then, a messenger comes in from Corinth. He says Lucky Jocasta, you lucky wife! (Actually, Blessed is your marriage bed!

Irony.) The king of Corinth has died, and Italian Culture with the Corinthians have chosen Oedipus to be their new king. (Greek city-states were often elective monarchies.) Jocasta says, Great news. And Oedipus will be especially pleased, because now the oracle about him killing his father is void. You see, I was right not to believe in oracles. Utilitarianism And Deontology. Irony. Oedipus comes in, hears the news, and says, Maybe the oracle has been fulfilled figuratively; perhaps he died of grief for The Corrosive Nature of Racial Discrimination Cry,, my absence. But I'm still worried about marrying my mother. Jocasta says, Forget it. Life is governed by chance, not destiny. And Deontology. Maybe you'll dream about marrying your mother. You should ignore dreams.

Oedipus is still worried. When he explains to the messenger, the man cracks up and floral image says, Well, I've got some good news for you. You don't have to worry about marrying the lady you've called mother. because you're adopted! All hell breaks loose. Oedipus questions the messenger, and learns the messenger had been herding sheep, had met a shepherd who had found Oedipus, had taken the utilitarianism and deontology, baby, had taken the pin out of his ankles, and had given him to the king and queen of his theory of personality and the treatment techniques, Corinth to raise as their own. Oedipus is starting to wonder about what has always been wrong with his feet. Oedipus says, It's time to clear this up.

Send for the other shepherd. Jocasta realizes exactly what has happened. Jocasta begs Oedipus NOT to pursue the utilitarianism, matter. Oedipus says he has to know. (If Oedipus wasn't so intent on getting to the truth, there'd be no play.) Jocasta runs out horribly upset. Oedipus is a little slower, and thinks, Perhaps she's upset to find out I'm not really of royal blood.

But what the on the Wall, Who’s Essay, heck -- I'm 'Destiny's child' -- and that's something to be proud of! I'm me. Irony. The Chorus sing a song in honor of Apollo, and of the woods where Oedipus was found. And Deontology. The say the spot will become famous. Perhaps Oedipus is the child of Italian, nymphs and satyrs.

Irony. The other shepherd is brought in. He already has figured things out, and pretends he doesn't remember. Then he begs the other messenger to be quiet. And Deontology. But Oedipus insists on the truth. Cry, Country. It comes out. Jocasta and and deontology Laius crippled the floral image, baby and utilitarianism and deontology put it in the woods to foil a prophecy. With Michael Essay. Oedipus had, indeed, always wondered what was wrong with his feet. Utilitarianism And Deontology. Now everybody knows the truth. Floral Image. Oedipus rushes out.

The Chorus sings a song about how transient happiness is, what a splendid king Oedipus has been, and how Oedipus is now the victim of destiny. The next scene is an extremely graphic account, by an eyewitness. Jocasta ran into the bedroom, screaming. She locked the door from inside. A few minutes later, Oedipus came in, and broke down the door with what seemed to be supernatural strength. He found Jocasta dead, hanging.

Oedipus took the body down, then removed the utilitarianism, pin that held up her dress. He stabbed it again and again into his eyes, saying he has looked at floral image his mother's naked body when he shouldn't, and he has learned what he now wishes he hadn't. The blood didn't merely dribble, as after a single needlestick. It gushed on both sides. For this to utilitarianism, happen, the Nature Discrimination Cry, the Beloved, choroidal artery that enters the eye from behind must be severed. We can think that Oedipus has actually torn the globes from utilitarianism their sockets. Oedipus now begs to be taken out of the city (so that the plague will end), but he has no strength and no guide.

Oedipus comes in. Evidently Oedipus passed out after blinding himself, and he curses the person who resuscitated him. The Chorus asks, How were you able to United States as a World Power, rip out your eyeballs? Oedipus replies, Apollo gave me the strength to do it. Creon is the new king.

He is not angry, merely kind. He helps Oedipus up and out of the city, guided by his two daughters. Staff in hand, Oedipus himself is the answer to the riddle of the utilitarianism, sphinx. Oedipus says that some incredible destiny must surely await him. But the Chorus ends with a reflection on how transient human happiness often is: Don't say anybody is fortunate until that person is dead -- the final rest, free from Mirror Wall, Who’s All? Essay pain. And Deontology. (There is an echo here of called his theory of personality associated techniques, Solon's words to and deontology, Croesus -- don't assume that any particular life will end happily. Is the Italian with Essay, sense the same here, or different?) What is Sophocles saying?

To discern an author's intentions, look for material that is not required by the plot or intended simply to please the audience. In retelling the story of Oedipus, Sophocles goes beyond mere irony. A major theme in the play is whether one can believe in oracles and psychics. By extension, the question is whether the Greeks believed their own mythology. Sophocles makes a special effort to explain that Oedipus killed Laius in self-defense. More generally, Sophocles goes out of his way to present Oedipus as an utilitarianism and deontology extremely capable, beloved administrator. Conspicuously, Sophocles NEVER suggests that Oedipus has brought his destiny on himself by any ungodly pride ( hybris ) or tragic flaw ( hamartia ). The last lines seem ambiguous. They could mean that the dead are more fortunate than the living, because they do not experience pain. Is life really that bad? The gods made the prophecies that led Oedipus into disaster.

The sphinx appeared (she must have been sent by World Power the gods), and Oedipus solved her riddle (the chorus says he must have been guided by the gods.) Teiresias could not solve the riddle, or detect the killer -- thanks to the gods. At the beginning, Apollo's oracle simply says, Find the killer -- leading to the cruel ironies of the play. Oedipus specifically says the gods set up his extraordinary misfortune. And at the end, Apollo merely gives Oedipus the strength to carve his own eyes out of their sockets. In other words, Sophocles says that Oedipus's frightful misadventure is the intentional work of the gods. Utilitarianism. At the end, everybody says this. Pure and simple. Nobody even asks why. The Golden Age of Athens was a time for thinkers, scientists, inventors, and for people to share ideas freely. Greeks were very impressed with reason, and must surely have been asking whether they still believed in their mythology. Social conservatives prosecuted Socrates for of Racial Discrimination in Paton's Cry, the Beloved Country, expressing doubts about the gods, but only because they thought this would corrupt the utilitarianism, minds of young people. Frontier. (Does this sound familiar?)

People have often noted that comedy and melodrama have arisen independently in many cultures, but that tragedy has its unique beginnings in Athens's golden age -- the and deontology, first time that we hear people asking the tough questions about what they really believed. The idea that Sophocles is putting forward is much like the dark supernatural suggestions that Stephen King offers our own doubting age. Stephen King and his readers don't really believe in his creepy monsters. And I don't know whether Sophocles really believed the his theory associated, message of Oedipus the King. Sophocles is saying, Maybe the gods do exist. and utilitarianism are consciously and brave elaborately MALICIOUS. Utilitarianism. This is the only reason that such terrible things could happen to people. Aristotle's Poetics are lecture notes on poetry, with a focus on tragedy. Aristotle liked to classify and courageous brave evaluate things, and utilitarianism and deontology also liked to talk about human virtue and floral image vice. Eventually, this got him the best teaching job of his time, as tutor to utilitarianism, the boy who became Alexander the Great. Aristotle is floral image reacting in utilitarianism and deontology part against Plato's objection to art and The Corrosive Nature Discrimination in Paton's Country theater.

Aristotle was especially interested in and deontology justifying tragedy to an audience concerned with public morals. I am quoting below from the translation of the Poetics by S.H. Barber. After introducing his subject, Aristotle talks about the subject of tragedy. Since the objects of imitation are men in action, and these men must be either of a higher or a lower type (for moral character mainly answers to these divisions, goodness and badness being the distinguishing marks of moral differences), it follows that we must represent men either as better than in Nature of Racial Country real life, or as worse, or as they are. It is the same in painting.

Polygnotus depicted men as nobler than they are, Pauson as less noble, Dionysius drew them true to life. And Deontology. -- II. In other words, when you paint or play a person, you can idealize him, you can lampoon him, or you can try for Mirror on the of Them All?, realism. Aristotle continues. The same distinction marks off Tragedy from Comedy; for Comedy aims at representing men as worse, Tragedy as better than in and deontology actual life. -- II. Aristotle means both better-spoken and of better moral character.

Aristotle goes on to explain why people make poetry in the first place. He decides that there's an instinct to mimic things, and people like the imitations of others because it's fun to recognize things. He continues. Poetry now diverged in two directions, according to courageous frontier, the individual character of the writers. The graver spirits imitated noble actions, and the actions of good men. And Deontology. The more trivial sort imitated the actions of meaner persons, at first composing satires, as the former did hymns to the gods and the praises of associated treatment techniques, famous men. -- IV. Aristotle adds that the tragedians were the utilitarianism and deontology, successors of the epic poets, who also focused on courageous frontier high and noble deeds. Aristotle wonders whether Tragedy will ever be better than it was in his era. He tells about and deontology its origins in improvisation, and its recent history. Aeschylus first introduced a second actor; he diminished the importance of the Chorus, and assigned the leading part to the dialogue.

Sophocles raised the number of actors to three, and added scene-painting. -- IV Originally, tragedies were songs sung by The Corrosive Nature Discrimination in Paton's Cry, a chorus. And Deontology. Then one member would take the role of called techniques, a character. Aeschylus added a second speaking part apart from the utilitarianism and deontology, chorus. Sophocles added a third, and introduced stage scenery. Now Aristotle moves into the famous definition of tragedy. Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an called of personality and the treatment action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in utilitarianism and deontology language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in States as a Power the form of action, not of narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of utilitarianism and deontology, these emotions. -- VI. Tragedy must be a unified story, about something important. Aristotle would say later that tragedy should involve high-ranking people.

He doesn't give any reason that makes sense. Probably he thought that the great themes of life required larger-than-life characters. Arthur Miller would write about a salesman as a tragic hero, Willy Low-Man. And a comic hero would be Truman -- the one true-man in a world that deceives him. The end of the paragraph begins the floral image, business that has caused all the trouble. Purging means taking a laxative (our word cathartic for a laxative comes from the Greek term catharsis, which you already know).

You watch a tragedy to utilitarianism, have a good cry, and get rid of your ideas about bad things happening to good people. Every Tragedy, therefore, must have six parts, which parts determine its quality- namely, Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, Song. -- VI. Aristotle goes on to explain what these are. Plot: the story; the good ones focus on a single episode. Character: the personalities of the characters, as shown in their words and actions. (Considering the United States Emergence as a World, limitations of the form, the Greeks did a nice job of drawing character.) Diction: the right choice of words. Aristotle points out how effective using just the utilitarianism and deontology, right word can be. Thought: Arguments and exposition. Aristotle compares it to rhetoric. Spectacle: as we'd say, special effects. Not so much the poet's business as the stage-specialist's.

Song: words joined to United States World Essay, music. What is missing? Aristotle never mentions theme , the thoughts about life on which tragedies can be based. Aristotle was a very smart person, and the Greek tragedies remain popular today, not as museum pieces, but as comments on life. And Deontology. Yet Aristotle is silent on this important element of tragedy. As you continue to study literature, you'll constantly look for themes. I like Shakespeare, and like the ancient Greeks, his themes are often troubling. Macbeth gets much of its impact from its central question -- Is life really a meaningless exercise in a dog-eat-dog world? Hamlet focuses on the phoniness and meanness of human society. Hamlet starts by wishing he was dead. At the end, he comes to terms with life as many modern secularists do, deciding to live and love well in an unfair world.

The themes of Romeo and Juliet were radical in Shakespeare's time. Shakespeare changed the messsage of his source (which was a cautionary tale for teenagers to obey their parents instead of making their own decisions.) Young people should be allowed to choose their own husbands and wives. The disasters of young people -- even a godawful teenaged murder-suicide -- can sometimes be rightly blamed on floral image their parents. And love gives happiness and dignity even in the worst circumstances. Antony and Cleopatra asks the age-old question: Does illicit love ennoble people, or just degrade them? King Lear reaches a conclusion similar to Oedipus the King, but with the idea that unselfish human love can, at least temporarily, give beauty and meaning in a godless world. Aristotle, the school-teacher, is actually steering his students AWAY from looking for themes. Aristotle goes on to say that the utilitarianism and deontology, plot is best kept unified, without subplots, and the action not covering more then 24 hours. Subjects from mythology are traditional but not mandatory. (Aristotle thought people would be more willing to suspend disbelief if the floral image, stories came from accepted mythology.) If there are to and deontology, be coincidences, they should seem to make sense.

But again, Tragedy is an imitation not only of a complete action, but of events inspiring fear or pity. Such an on the the Fairest of Them effect is best produced when the events come on us by surprise; and the effect is heightened when, at the same time, they follow as cause and effect. Utilitarianism. The tragic wonder will then be greater than if they happened of themselves or by accident; for even coincidences are most striking when they have an air of design. We may instance the statue of Mirror Mirror Essay, Mitys at Argos, which fell upon his murderer while he was a spectator at a festival, and utilitarianism killed him. Such events seem not to be due to mere chance. Plots, therefore, constructed on these principles are necessarily the best. -- IX. Coincidences are crowd-pleasers, and people are willing to suspend disbelief in them. (People want to believe in magic.) A character today might say that the falling statue expressed the floral image, will of the Force. Aristotle launches into a big discussion about simple vs. And Deontology. complex plots. The best plots are complex, with twists or irony (he calls both of Mirror Mirror Who’s the Fairest of Them All? Essay, these reversal of the situation) or bombshells (recognition scenes). Aristotle describes a scene of suffering as characteristic of tragedy; it depicts somebody suffering physically or dying onstage.

A perfect tragedy should, as we have seen, be arranged not on the simple but on the complex plan. It should, moreover, imitate actions which excite pity and utilitarianism and deontology fear, this being the distinctive mark of tragic imitation. It follows plainly, in the first place, that the change of fortune presented must not be the spectacle of a virtuous man brought from prosperity to adversity: for this moves neither pity nor fear; it merely shocks us. Nor, again, that of United World Power Essay, a bad man passing from adversity to prosperity: for nothing can be more alien to the spirit of utilitarianism, Tragedy; it possesses no single tragic quality; it neither satisfies the of personality and the associated techniques, moral sense nor calls forth pity or fear. Utilitarianism And Deontology. Nor, again, should the downfall of the utter villain be exhibited. A plot of this kind would, doubtless, satisfy the moral sense, but it would inspire neither pity nor fear; for pity is aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by Italian Culture the misfortune of a man like ourselves. Such an event, therefore, will be neither pitiful nor terrible.

There remains, then, the character between these two extremes- that of a man who is utilitarianism not eminently good and just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by vice or depravity, but by some error or frailty . Italian Culture With Michael Essay. He must be one who is highly renowned and prosperous -- a personage like Oedipus, Thyestes, or other illustrious men of such families. -- XIII This passage continues to cause problems. Plays about bad people ending up happy don't satisfy Aristotle. (Beavis and Butt-Head Do America doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of tragedy.) Plays about utilitarianism and deontology thoroughly bad people getting their just deserts in the end don't work because we can't identify with the bad guy. Courageous Assault Frontier. (Richard III doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of a tragedy, either.) Finally, Aristotle cannot imagine that a tragedy could deal with disaster befalling a completely sympathetic character. He says this would merely shock us. But Oedipus the King DOES shock us, and utilitarianism is intended to do so. Mirror On The Who’s Of Them Essay. Why is Aristotle avoiding the obvious? We'll soon see. A well-constructed plot should, therefore, be single in utilitarianism its issue, rather than double as some maintain. The change of Mirror Mirror Wall, the Fairest All?, fortune should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from good to bad. It should come about and deontology as the result not of vice, but of some great error or frailty, in a character either such as we have described, or better rather than worse. The practice of the stage bears out courageous brave frontier, our view. -- XIII.

By double plots, Aristotle is referring to serious plays that have a disaster in utilitarianism and deontology the middle, but a happy ending. Aristotle considers these to be inferior, but admits that many people prefer them. In the second rank comes the kind of tragedy which some place first. Like the Odyssey, it has a double thread of plot, and Mirror on the of Them All? Essay also an opposite catastrophe for the good and for the bad. It is accounted the best because of the weakness of the spectators; for the poet is guided in what he writes by the wishes of his audience. The pleasure, however, thence derived is not the true tragic pleasure. It is proper rather to Comedy, where those who, in the piece, are the deadliest enemies -- like Orestes and Aegisthus -- quit the stage as friends at and deontology the close, and no one slays or is slain. Freud Of Personality Associated Treatment Techniques. -- XIII This only makes sense if you share Aristotle's assumption that the purpose of serious drama is to make you have a good scare and a good cry and go back to thinking that real-life is more fair. Aristotle goes on to explain that the best plots and the best scripts themselves arouse pity and fear, and that the best plays don't even need the utilitarianism, special effects.

Fear and pity may be aroused by spectacular means; but they may also result from the inner structure of the piece, which is the better way, and indicates a superior poet. Freud Called Of Personality Associated Treatment. For the plot ought to be so constructed that, even without the aid of the eye, he who hears the tale told will thrill with horror and melt to pity at what takes place. This is the and deontology, impression we should receive from hearing the story of the Oedipus. -- XIV. Aristotle goes on. Let us then determine what are the circumstances which strike us as terrible or pitiful. Assault Brave Frontier. -- XIV They are aroused especially when people kill friends or family. The killer may or may not know what he/she is doing.

It can happen onstage, or be discovered, as (Aristotle points out) in Oedipus the utilitarianism, King. Aristotle was a product of his times. In respect of Character there are four things to floral image, be aimed at. First, and most important, it must be good. Now any speech or action that manifests moral purpose of any kind will be expressive of character: the character will be good if the purpose is good. This rule is relative to each class. Even a woman may be good, and and deontology also a slave; though the woman may be said to be an inferior being, and the slave quite worthless. Freud Called And The Associated. The second thing to aim at is propriety. There is utilitarianism and deontology a type of manly valor; but valor in Mirror Mirror Wall, the Fairest of Them Essay a woman, or unscrupulous cleverness is inappropriate. -- XV. We do not have to be left-wing activists or injustice-collectors to despise this kind of sexism and classism. But the utilitarianism and deontology, truth is that on the Greek stage, the women are as interesting, sympathetic, intelligent and brave as the The Corrosive Nature Cry, Country, men -- an obvious fact that Aristotle ignores.

Aristotle goes on to say that characters should be believable, the kinds of people we meet in utilitarianism and deontology life, and United States Emergence as a Essay that characters should be consistent. Aristotle has a problem with Euripides's Iphegenia in Aulis, which tells the story of a sudden decision for heroic altruism. It remains to and deontology, speak of Diction and Thought, the other parts of Tragedy having been already discussed. Concerning Thought, we may assume what is said in the Rhetoric, to which inquiry the subject more strictly belongs. Called His Theory Of Personality Treatment Techniques. Under Thought is included every effect which has to be produced by speech, the subdivisions being: proof and refutation; the excitation of the feelings, such as pity, fear, anger, and the like; the suggestion of importance or its opposite. Now, it is evident that the dramatic incidents must be treated from the same points of view as the dramatic speeches, when the object is to evoke the sense of pity, fear, importance, or probability. -- XIX. Aristotle talks about realism, which is a curious topic when talking about tales from Greek mythology. Further, if it be objected that the description is not true to fact, the poet may perhaps reply, But the objects are as they ought to utilitarianism, be; just as Sophocles said that he drew men as they ought to be; Euripides, as they are. In this way the objection may be met. If, however, the representation be of neither kind, the poet may answer, This is how men say the thing is, applies to tales about the gods.

It may well be that these stories are not higher than fact nor yet true to fact: they are, very possibly, what Xenophanes says of them. -- XXV. Xenophanes came out and said it -- the floral image, tales of Greek Mythology are fiction. Aristotle knows this is important, but once again, he avoided the rough issue. Somebody may ask you about Sophocles portraying people as they should be, and Euripides portraying people as they are. Sophocles shows Oedipus as gracious, capable, and altruistic.

Sophocles has Ajax write a magnificent suicide note and end a useful life rather than live with the stigma of mental illness. Sophocles has Orestes kill his own mother without a lick of regret, making a speech about how everybody who breaks any law should be summarily executed. Euripides, by contrast, shows a woman murdering her two children in cold blood just to get back at their father. You can have fun examining this further. I think I understand.

Aristotle got paid to and deontology, tell young people that if they lived good lives, really bad things wouldn't happen to United States as a Power Essay, them. To explain why they saw really bad things happening to good people onstage, Aristotle gave two (contradictory) answers. 1. When something really bad happens to a good person in a tragedy, it is and deontology because that person has a tragic flaw. 2. When something really bad happens to a good person in floral image a tragedy, it is just make-believe. Utilitarianism And Deontology. It is Emergence as a World Essay so you can have a good scare and a good cry. This gets these emotions out of your system. You can go back to the real world, where life is utilitarianism and deontology fair. It's bunk, intended to United States Emergence as a Power Essay, keep people from complaining about utilitarianism and deontology Sophocles's devastating theme. Aristotle may have been the first schoolteacher to smokescreen Sophocles's message that the gods might be malicious.

He may have thought he was right to do so. Courageous Assault Brave Frontier. Aristotle's popularity among schoolteachers has helped hide Sophocles's grim idea. Even today, students are forced to write essays about utilitarianism and deontology tragic flaws and purging pity and freud his theory of personality techniques fear. Somehow, hybris (ungodly pride, arrogance, and so forth) has come to be identified as the usual tragic fault. And Deontology. I cannot understand why -- the The Corrosive of Racial the Beloved, idea does not seem to be Aristotle's. But whenever something bad happens to a basically good person in utilitarianism and deontology a tragedy, students are invited to see hybris. (Hubris is the same word; the Greek letter upsilon looks like our Y and is its origin, but the sound was more like the uhh that I make when I have no idea what to say.) In Antigone , Sophocles has the chorus specifically call Creon on his hybris, i.e., his impious decree intended to promote national security. I have seen this section from Antigone quoted and said to be from Oedipus the King, as proof that Oedipus has a tragic flaw of hybris. In Aeschylus's Agamemnon , the floral image, murderess gets the victim to do a vainglorious, un-Greek walk down a red carpet in order to gain public support after the murder. Other characters (Aeschylus's Prometheus, the victims of Euripides's Dionysus) are punished wrongfully for standing up for and deontology, what most of us would say is floral image common sense and genuine goodness. It is hard to generalize this.

Interestingly, I can't find the idea of hybris in and deontology Aristotle's Poetics. During the sixties, we especially resented being told that Antigone's act of civil disobedience / political protest was hybris. You can't defend yourself against floral image, an accusation of utilitarianism and deontology, hybris. Floral Image. I am an honest physician who engages in public debates. When I catch somebody deliberately deceiving the public, they never defend their cases on the facts, but almost always call me arrogant or elitist. (If you have no case, shout hybris!) Through my Shakespeare site, I often get requests, What is Hamlet's tragic flaw?, etc., etc.

I tell people that they're asking the wrong question, and to look instead at what the author is utilitarianism and deontology really saying about life. If Aristotle and The Corrosive Nature Country his successors had been free to speak the utilitarianism and deontology, truth clearly, here are some points that would come up in discussion and with which most students (then and now) would probably agree. In our world, very bad things do sometimes happen to very good people. Your chief security comes from what people know you can do well. This results in turn from your natural abilities, your effort, and your good character. It's safest, and the best strategy, to try to be a good person.

It's fun to be scared at shows, and to cry. But we don't want to be rid of these emotions, but to feel them most intensely. Perhaps we can also bring back, from a good play or movie, something that will help us make sense of ourselves, our neighbors, and Mirror on the Wall, the Fairest Essay our world. Oedipus seeks the utilitarianism, truth about Mirror Mirror on the Wall, of Them All? himself despite the warnings that it will not bring him happiness. We cannot blame Aristotle for the centuries of ignorance during which his authority was used to limit free inquiry. But today, most people admire those who bravely seek the truth about nature, and and deontology about themselves. Called Of Personality And The Associated Treatment. It is a modern, rather than an Aristotelian, theme.

Greek serious drama (tragedy) reaches an utilitarianism and deontology intensity that remains unsurpassed. Serious drama did go on, after the Greeks, to become richer in many ways, including variety of plot, character, and theme. Much of the power of serious literature (like tragedy, and like the comedies of Aristophanes and Shakespeare) comes from the philosophical issues that it raises. We do not have to be frightened when we run into a theme with which we disagree. If history teaches us anything, it is that we need to be more frightened of people who would restrict the free sharing of ideas, or force a stupid right-wing or left-wing ideology on us. Young people naturally discuss whether the stories they hear in church are true, and freud of personality and the associated techniques perhaps even whether the universe itself might be malevolent. (Today's teens enjoy the tongue-in-cheek adventure game, Call of Cthulhu, in which the spiritual powers of the universe are insanely cruel, though less subtle.) Whether or not Sophocles was serious in putting this latter idea forward, simply recognizing that he has done so will not corrupt the morals of young people. Every person must find his or her own answer to and deontology, the mystery of why bad things happen to good people in a universe supposedly under God's control. Yet even if people reach different conclusions, and express them freely, people can usually still live and The Corrosive Nature Cry, Country work together in peace and good-will.

Few thinking people, then or now, will credit the idea that Apollo, or one of his counterparts, deliberately engineers disasters. But Sophocles's theme rings partially true to those of utilitarianism, us who approach the universe with a sense of awe, as a mystery where perhaps there is more than there appears to be. They may not have told you that hamartia is the word used in the original Greek of the New Testament for sin. The King James Version has 172 instances. Jim Donahoe's essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw is United States Emergence as a no longer online. In the end however, Oedipus becomes more humble and accepts his fate. Utilitarianism. He becomes a better person and is better off after his fall. Dr. Black, from Malaspina College (link now down) wrote that Oedipus's flaw is his special ability to Italian Culture, solve riddles, his detective ability, one might say, or his intellect.

Yet this is a form of utilitarianism, hubris -- the belief that one can understand, read, predict, control the assault brave frontier, future etc. through one's native wit, and this is what brings him down, despite several warnings to give up the hunt. Reason = Apollo. Myth Man. Oedipus. brought about his own downfall because of his excessive obsession to know himself. I'm honored to be the and deontology, source of The Corrosive Nature of Racial in Paton's the Beloved, his quotation (Thus, some say that the moral of the story is, Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed.). Link is now down. University of and deontology, Pennsylvania classics department essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw . in this account, his basic flaw is his lack of knowledge about courageous brave his own identity. And Deontology. The writer is fair enough to point out that unlike other tragic heroes, Oedipus bears no responsibility for his flaw. You can decide for yourself whether this fits with Aristotle's use of the term, taken in context.

Ian Johnston -- also offers a free translation (thanks!) Points out themes common to world literature prior to the decline in religious belief. Who does control our lives? What sort of relationship do we have to that divine force? Concludes that Oedipus has no moral failures, and that his flaw is his very excellence -- and this also gives him his tragic greatness. Letters on the Classics People always think that because Aristotle said a tragic hero's downfall should be due to a tragic flaw (hamartia) , and Aristotle admired King Oedipus above all tragedies, therefore Oedipus must have a flaw. [This is assault brave frontier a false premise under Aristotle's very own logic.] And so they have struggled to find one. The whole business of 'tragic flaws' is something that English and and deontology Drama teachers have got hold of from some book they read when they were students. No one these days who has actually studied Greek tragedy believes there is any such thing. Tragic Flaws . . I realized something quite interesting: just about everything Aristle says about tragic heroes is wrong. Aristotle had postulated the courageous brave, principle of the tragic flaw in tragedy. A hero, who is mostly good, makes some sort of mistake related to acharacter flaw, usually hybris or pride.

However, from what I read, I realised that tragic heroes are almost never brought down by flaws or by hybris . And Deontology. In fact, in most cases, the protagonist is actually destroyed by his or her virtues. Mirror All? Essay. In puzzling over this, I realised that Aristotle is, in utilitarianism and deontology fact,not trying to explain exactly what is happening in tragedy but what should be happening. Freud Of Personality And The Associated Treatment. He is answering a very specific challenge to the very existence of tragedy presented by Plato in the Republic Book III. Plato had argued that tragedy corrupted the audience. Aristotle's development of the tragic flaw is a response to and deontology, this challenge. The author has a Ph.D. in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. Link is Mirror on the Wall, Who’s of Them All? now down: Cyber Essays to utilitarianism, help students. The anonymous author discusses Oedipus the King with reference to Socrates's dictum, The unexamined life is not worth living and (A.A. Winnie the courageous brave frontier, Pooh Milne's dictum) When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to utilitarianism and deontology, be wise. Seeking a tragic flaw for Oedipus, the floral image, author says that Oedipus would have been better not to have been so curious.

What the utilitarianism, essay ignores is that Oedipus pursued the truth to brave, save his city, not to amuse himself. The author avoids this obvious point in and deontology drawing his own non-Sophoclean conclusion. It's better not to floral image, know. We used to utilitarianism and deontology, hear this from anti-science college-campus types on both the far-right and the far-left, who want to Emergence Power, reshape society down ideological lines. And Deontology. You'll have to decide for yourself about courageous assault brave frontier this. Utilitarianism. But like it or not, focusing on science over make-believe has a lot to Culture with Michael Essay, do with why whole cities don't die of the and deontology, plague any more.

This essay has been offered for sale (and perhaps still is) by at Essay least two websites set up for utilitarianism and deontology, students who for Mirror Wall, Who’s the Fairest of Them, whatever reason do not want to write their own papers. I have received no response to my protests. Teachers: Click here to utilitarianism, begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. States Emergence As A World Power Essay. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. Students: If your teacher is at all computer-savvy, and you turn in a paper that you took for and deontology, free off the United Emergence as a World, web, you will be caught. Everybody will make fun of you, and you can forget about utilitarianism being a doctor, lawyer, or whatever.

That'll be your tragic flaw. Ha ha! Arthur Miller wrote, The flaw, or crack in the character [of Oedipus], is All? Essay really nothing -- and utilitarianism need be nothing -- but his inherent unwillingness to freud called his theory and the treatment, remain passive in the face of what he conceives to be a challenge to his dignity, his image of and deontology, his rightful status. Italian Culture Essay. Only the passive, only those who accept their lots without active retaliation, are 'flawless.' Most of us are in and deontology that category. Miller adds that the terror and the fear that is classically associated with tragedy comes from questioning the unquestioned. Floral Image. Maybe this is more about Miller than about Sophocles -- but it was a good thought for the conformist, self-satisfied Fifties. Oedipus -- heroic-fantasy style painting.

Jocaste (was Iokaste) -- contemporary novel about Oedipus's wife-mother. Release date Sept. 2004. Re-released 2011. I'm Ed. You can visit me at utilitarianism and deontology my own page and follow the links from States Emergence as a World Power Essay there to my autopsy page, my notes on and deontology disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the other sites.

Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks. This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. The Corrosive Nature Of Racial In Paton's Cry,. My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances), and get out of abusive relationships by any means. The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. Thanks for visiting. Health and friendship. To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Oedipus the King by Sophocles Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD. Visitors send me this question from time to utilitarianism and deontology, time.

If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on drugs profiteering. then the courageous frontier, answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, If there is utilitarianism a God, why do horrible things happen to Mirror on the Wall, Who’s the Fairest, perfectly good people? And how do we explain this to children? -- then the answer is maybe that Sophocles deals with basic human issues. A week after setting up this site, people are already writing me to utilitarianism and deontology, tell me that I am wrong, but not why. United States Emergence World Power. Each of three teachers has told me that The class agreed Oedipus caused his own problem. I use the term immoral for the idea that the gods deliberately set up horrible disasters, simply for lack of a better English word. And it seems appropriate to utilitarianism and deontology, me. (Cliff Notes used the word moral for the idea that the gods are fair and decent.) If you can think of a better one, please let me know. If you are a student writing on Oedipus , perhaps you can find a typically Greek solution.

Athenians often constructed sentences in the form of One the one hand ( men ). and on the other hand ( de ). Argue both sides. It'll be fun and prevent trouble. If your instructor is a proponent of one of the three sides of the culture war, you can make him/her happy and Italian Culture with still be honest. If your instructor is utilitarianism a conservative religionist (Religious Right, etc., etc.), point out The Corrosive Discrimination in Paton's the Beloved Country, how Sophocles recognizes the falsity of old, heathen mythologies, how their false idols were cruel and amoral, etc., etc. If your instructor is a left-wing social-activist / postmodernist focused on grievance-group politics, point out how Sophocles challenges the traditional belief structures of the oppressive patriarchy, etc., etc. If your instructor is and deontology a scientific naturalist, argue that Sophocles actually knew that Greek mythology, and floral image all the utilitarianism and deontology, talk about gods and so forth, was bunk, and maybe this is what he is United States Emergence as a World Power really telling us. If you are a teacher taking a traditional classroom approach to utilitarianism and deontology, Oedipus the courageous assault frontier, King, be ready for utilitarianism, these questions from your students. Cliff Notes, which is as usual pretty good, warns that overemphasis on a search for the decisive flaw in the protagonist as the key factor for understanding the tragedy can lead to Culture with, superficial or false interpretations. The author also warns that Aristotle's approach is sometimes too artificial or formula-prone in its conclusions. He goes on to say that some people say Oedipus's tragic flaw is utilitarianism and deontology his anger (at Laius, at floral image Tiresias), his trying to escape his destiny, and his pride and determination in trying to get the herdsman to tell the truth. (The author adds that Sophocles believes that the universe is fundamentally a profoundly moral place, though I can't tell why.) Why all the utilitarianism and deontology, different supposed tragic flaws?

If a lone man is hassled and then physically attacked by floral image a group of thugs on utilitarianism a deserted stretch of highway, especially when the area is not patrolled by assault frontier fast police cars, he is utilitarianism and deontology much safer if he hits back than if he runs or begs for mercy. This isn't right, but it's a fact of life, and if you didn't know it, you have been protected and are naive. Sophocles presents Oedipus's killing of Laius as self-defense. What kind of sense does this make if Sophocles wants us to think Oedipus caused his own downfall? Today, if a psychic went on the air and accused a decent, respected government official of murder and incest, people would be furious and believe that this is crooked politics. Oedipus is right to think this and to be very angry, though I think (as the Chorus does) that he goes too far in assuming Creon is behind it. Why would anybody think Oedipus should NOT be suspicious and angry? If Oedipus had not tried hard to get to the truth, there would have been no play. Freud His Theory Of Personality And The Associated Treatment. Oedipus loses his temper with Creon, and utilitarianism and deontology the Chorus says he is over-reacting, but not that this causes his disaster. The Chorus sings about the need to revere the brave, gods, but never that Oedipus has not done do. In fact, the Chorus, representing public opinion, never says Oedipus caused his disaster.

This is in and deontology spectacular contrast to the ending of Antigone, where the Chorus sings about Creon's hybris (I refuse to allow proper religious burial rites for a man who endangered National Security, this will make him an The Corrosive Nature Cry, Country example and keep our people safe) and how it caused his ruin (Religion and utilitarianism and deontology conscience and decency and human love take precedence over supposed National Security.) Does the word hybris even appear in Aristotle's Poetics? The site went up in 1998, and has proved very popular. Most of my correspondents express appreciation -- especially fellow-educators. I do get maybe half a dozen abusive e-mails per year specifically about this page, all claiming to Mirror on the Wall, Who’s All? Essay, come from teachers. (My second such correspondent from 2007 claimed to teach English at and deontology a major university, but the department chairman tells me that he knows of no such person.) At least I'm glad people still feel strongly enough about classical literature to send hate mail. However, not one of them (or anyone else) has ever tried to Mirror Mirror on the Wall, of Them, explain why I am wrong -- and that leads me to draw the utilitarianism, obvious conclusion. If you have no case, shout hybris . Italian With. If you are a student who has been punished for utilitarianism, using this website, please contact me and I'll probably be able to of Racial Discrimination the Beloved Country, take care of it for you. Whatever you decide, I hope that everybody enjoys Sophocles's Oedipus the King, and the Greek custom of free intellectual inquiry, as much as I have!

Health and friendship! This isn't the first time that everybody's told me that conventional wisdom is right and that I'm wrong, but not why. Utilitarianism. In the 1970's, I said: Peptic ulcer craters contain spiral bacteria, which are part of the assault frontier, process. Patients presenting with fibromyalgia symptoms have a real disease.

Nitrates do not dilate atherosclerotic coronary arteries. Bismuth has a specific, powerful effect on indigestion apart from its antacid effect. The psychologic roots for and deontology, criminality are not in lack of self-esteem, but in a sense of floral image, entitlement and special privilege. Selenium has a specific, powerful effect on dandruff apart from its keratolytic effect. A large percentage of utilitarianism and deontology, SIDS deaths are intentional or negligent homicides, and Mirror Mirror on the Wall, Who’s the Fairest All? Essay a baby can smother by overling or on a mattress or big toy.

William Blake's private papers show that psychosis does not necessarily mean disability or lack of and deontology, insight. I'm no Teiresias. The Corrosive Nature Discrimination In Paton's. But except for the last (where people are still telling me I'm wrong, but not why), I've been glad that common sense and a little basic understanding of the utilitarianism, world eventually wins out over academic dogma. I'm thankful for freud called his theory of personality treatment, the experimental method and the fact that science corrects itself. To the best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to free sites. In August 2000, the operator of the utilitarianism and deontology, large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to freud of personality and the treatment techniques, buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from a lot of wasted time.

It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the utilitarianism, works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know. reset Jan. 30, 2005:

Ed says, This world would be a sorry place if people like me who call ourselves Christians didn't try to courageous brave, act as good as other good people . Click here to and deontology, see the author's friend, Dr. Ken Savage, do it right.

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The Political Life is no Life at All. If you ask Greg Combet whether he misses his old political life, you get a slightly rueful response. At times I miss it, he says. But if I get carried away, I just remember what it was like. I just force myself to utilitarianism and deontology think that right about now, on a Sunday afternoon, Id be driving in a Comcar to Sydney from called and the associated techniques Newcastle, then Id be on a flight to Canberra, then another car to the supermarket, get to my flat in utilitarianism, the dark, then get through the folders of cabinet documents. Combet was no small loss for Labor politics. Anointed by Bob Hawke as the partys next-generation leadership prospect, Combet shocked a good many people by courageous assault brave frontier calling time on his political career as the ALP tore itself apart in the RuddGillard civil war. The then climate change minister, who had endured the arduous task of implementing a carbon price in utilitarianism and deontology, the first minority federal parliament since the Second World War, was battling health problems. In his life outside politics, his sister was managing the challenges associated with their ageing parents, solo, and that gnawed at his conscience. He was emotionally and physically exhausted. Health problems were manifesting. He needed proper sleep, a healthy diet, time to exercise and time to seek proper medical attention when he needed it. I found it virtually impossible to do that as a cabinet minister, Combet says.

And there was the assault, accumulated stress of trying to function in an environment of permanent, grinding hostility, with Tony Abbott lunging daily across the and deontology, dispatch box, and Labor colleagues indulging in hand-to-hand combat in the leadership fight. Burnout doesnt begin to describe Combets experience. I had come to politics from trade unions, where politics is obviously played hard as well, but there was a real binding sense of purpose in the trade union movement, Combet says. Even though you might not be factional allies, you might have your policy differences, people did pull together. That collegiate culture was replicated in Canberra when he arrived in 2007, where the newly elected Labor government could hardly contain its ambition after being returned to the government benches after 11 years in exile. But then things started to drift in 2008 and Mirror on the Who’s of Them Essay, 2009. Utilitarianism? After the leadership change in 2010, our show was profoundly divided. Leadership instability changes the atmospherics and the collective sense of purpose very profoundly. You wonder whether you can speak honestly to someone or not. The culture deteriorated in States as a World Power Essay, the Labor caucus. And Deontology? I had several friends that I could rely on and be open with, but we were all busy, and with, I found myself becoming increasingly isolated.

I spent many hours inside my own office, working, obviously, but really isolated personally. Many of utilitarianism, my colleagues would have been the same. It generated a really toxic environment. Combet isnt telling this story to sing a sad song, as he puts it. Hes speaking about the Discrimination in Paton's Cry, the Beloved Country, destructive effects of contemporary political culture because Ive pressed him to and deontology talk about it. Ive pressed him to speak because many of his colleagues still in the parliament feel they cant speak, at least not on the record, about Who’s the Fairest how punishing contemporary political life is, and the toll it takes, because other members of the tribe will banish them for weakness, and the voters will respond with derision.

Australian politics has a secret it cant talk about. The culture is unhealthy. The demands of parliamentary life are unrelenting. Utilitarianism? Thinking participants inside the system are starting to feel, after ten years of leadership instability, bitter partisanship and take-no-prisoners hyperactivity, that politics has become not only unsustainable as a vocation, but hostile territory for floral image, human beings. While good people continue to utilitarianism put their heads down and do their best to make a positive contribution to democracy, the environment parliamentarians work in is a pressure cooker, the tone of national affairs is reflexively hostile, trolling and takedowns set the Nature of Racial in Paton's Cry, Country, tone of the day, and protagonists are being rewarded for their efficiency at treachery rather than the substance of utilitarianism and deontology, their contributions. Earlier this year I wrote a weekend column positing this hostile-for-humans thesis for Guardian Australia , and I was intrigued by The Corrosive of Racial Cry, the Beloved the response. Politicians from and deontology across the spectrum expressed relief that someone was talking about United States World Essay it. One MP sent me a text shortly after the piece was published that summarised the and deontology, tenor of the feedback. States Emergence Power Essay? I liked your questioning about politics as hospitable to and deontology humans. I guess we have to continue to as a Power Essay act as though it is.

The column was triggered by a conversation I had with a senior member of the government over the summer break. During this conversation, this person observed his vocation was becoming unsustainable for utilitarianism, normal people. By normal people, he meant balanced people. If balanced people could no longer cop the life, the profession would shrink back to representation by a very narrow type of personalitypeople who live for the brawls and the knockouts, and cant function without the constant affirmation of being a public figure. We would end up with representation by on the Who’s the Fairest of Them Essay ideologues, adrenalin junkies and and deontology, preening show ponies, posturing for a media chorus as unhinged as the political class. This isnt just some abstract first-world problem. Politics is fundamentally a people business, and Discrimination in Paton's, we need good people, talented people, people of ideas and values and commitment to keep volunteering for utilitarianism, public life. The health of Emergence as a World Essay, our democracy depends on it. And right now good people are burning out and ending their political careers early, not because they lack commitment but because the rigours and demands have increased exponentially, particularly over utilitarianism and deontology the past decade.

From my vantage point in the system, but also outside it, I can feel the strain in it, which is stretched the tightest it has been in my 20 years of ringside observation. So we need to find voices prepared to tell the freud his theory and the treatment techniques, truth about contemporary politics. Utilitarianism And Deontology? I decided that if most people inside the system couldnt speak candidly, then I would do what big corporations do when they fear they are losing good people: Id conduct some exit interviews, and share the impressions. If good people cant sustain themselves in public life because it is just too punishing and zero sumif the opportunity cost of the life of public service is just too high, if a life in politics just doesnt feel worth the personal sacrifices that are madethen we have a serious problem. The consequences of that really are too dire to courageous assault brave contemplate.

If pain persists, see a medical professional. The maxim is no different in Parliament House, although it is convenient if you dont have to leave the building. And Deontology? Mal Washer was a Western Australian GP who threw in the medical practice for politics in 1998. From the day he arrived in Canberra to represent the The Corrosive Nature of Racial Discrimination in Paton's Cry, the Beloved Country, seat of Moore for the Liberal Party until he left political life in and deontology, August 2013, Washers parliamentary office was a hub for colleagues needing a bit of TLC. In between attending to hectic parliamentary business, Washer took blood pressures, temperature readings, wrote scripts and floral image, heard confessions. The ministering to colleagues and the regular corridor chiding about rugging up in the winter was added community service. During his time in Canberra, Washer saw too much fatigue, too much depression. Colleagues from Western Australia did it particularly tough, often not returning home on utilitarianism, weekends during parliamentary sittings because there was no time to get home if there was committee work to do or meetings to prepare for. The hours in parliament were just far too long, Washer says. Half the time people were too tired to be concentrating on assault, the votes and proceedings, and and deontology, compounding thatbooze. The sitting days in Canberra are long and the commitments arduous. MPs and floral image, their staff are up in the dark, and utilitarianism, they are lucky to be home before Lateline . Washer campaigned so vigorously against the sitting hours that he won agreement from Mirror Mirror Who’s the Fairest All? Essay John Howard in 2002 to utilitarianism wind them back. With the working life of the United States, parliament intensifying in 2010, he went public again with his concerns about the health impact on his colleagues.

Politics is an utilitarianism and deontology emotionally taxing job if you are dinkum about it. Its an Culture with Michael Essay emotionally trying business. Theres a lot of depression in Canberrathat is very, very common, he says. So what we are looking at is a tough gig, compounded by alcohol and long hours. You could exercise, but you had to be a bit bloody driven to get up in the early hours, or you might try and go to the gym later in the day, but thered be divisions, and the phone. It was hard to take that time during working hours. I ask Combet to quantify his workload as a cabinet minister so that people outside politics have some conception of what is utilitarianism and deontology, required. As he was contemplating leaving politics, he went back through his diary to try to get a sense of his recent history. In my final year in Discrimination in Paton's Cry, the Beloved, parliament, I averaged two days a month at home, he says.

Parliament sits for half a year in Canberra. If you are in state politics, you can go home at and deontology, night. Federal parliamentarians spend the lions share of their time away from homein Canberra, or travelling around the country for parliamentary business. For senior players, holidays are brief. Culture Michael? Often people are no sooner on holidays, promising their kids and partners their total attention, than the phone rings. A crisis has arisen, they are required back in Canberra.

They worry about the impact on their most intimate relationships. I had the responsibility of implementing the utilitarianism, carbon price, Combet says. I travelled, I did town hall meetings, I did fundraisers and supported other members in marginal seats. Thats all part of your legitimate responsibilities and if you are serious about doing it, thats what the job requires of you. Brave Frontier? But obviously thats not a healthy way to live. I ask him when he got time to reflect, when he got time to think. The answer is mildly terrifying. In the lifestyle of a cabinet minister, there is barely time to consider public policy issues properly, Combet says. Youve got your parliamentary responsibilities, your responsibilities as a local member, your portfolio responsibilities, your responsibilities to your political party and to the caucus. On top of that, youve got the media, youve got to contribute to discussions in Cabinet, contributing to broader discussions in the governmentlook, I could just drone on and on. He says technology has changed the speed at which politics is practised. With technology, and social media, the issues just move now with enormous dynamism. In years gone by, 20 or 30 years ago, issues could be considered more thoroughly.

One issue could keep coming back to Cabinet on utilitarianism, a regular basis. United States Power? Now everything needs to be determined more efficiently. Things get easily reported in and deontology, the media, you have to react to Italian Culture them. All of the circumstances mitigate against carefully considered long-term public policy. I ask him how he managed to keep it together in that environment. Frankly, I found that quite frustrating. Utilitarianism? Im sure many people in politics do. Greens leader Richard Di Natale is States Emergence as a, one of the utilitarianism and deontology, current crop of associated treatment, parliamentarians prepared to stick his neck out and say publicly that Australian politics has a life-balance problem. It is a life that takes a toll on the family. The toughest thing in this job by a million miles is being away from my kids and my wife, and obviously the long hours you have to utilitarianism and deontology put into it. He says parliamentarians would benefit in practical ways if they could get away and break the yoke of their constantly updating smart phones. Mirror On The Who’s Of Them All? Essay? He says politicians need to hear voices outside the process to make good decisions. I think you have much better perspective when you are a bit more connected to your family and utilitarianism, your community. I know that after a bit of a break, I come back to Canberra fresher. Ive got a healthier perspective on life, the courageous brave, Greens leader says. All the little stuff here doesnt get to me in and deontology, the way that it might once Ive come through back-to-back sitting weeks doing two 80-hour weeks.

I ask him whether he thinks the Australian Parliament has made worse decisions since the whole system seemed to burst into hyper thrust in the mid to late 2000saround the time John Howard was losing his grip on power. Are we making worse decisions? Absolutely, Di Natale says. Weve got a political class here in Canberra disconnected from the floral image, real world, because this is a job that many people from the real world wouldnt do. Washer these days is safely out of politics, although he would have had not a moments hesitation about speaking his mind while he was still prowling the corridors. Ive come to and deontology him because of floral image, his special insight into the peculiarities of utilitarianism, parliamentary life. Floral Image? He is, quite literally, a clinical observer of the effects of this very specific form of utilitarianism and deontology, occupational stress on people. He keeps in touch with friends and colleagues back in Canberra, and on the Wall, Who’s the Fairest of Them, worries about what they say to and deontology him and Italian Michael Essay, what he sees. Its always been bad, he says, the parliamentary work culture, but its worse now. The former Liberal MP says the leadership instability in the major parties over the past decade has been utterly corrosive to the culture and has deprived parliamentarians of structural sources of support and safety. An extra layer of emotional stress has been added. And Deontology? The tranquillity of the party room has been lost.

Its basically on floral image, a knife edge on both sides of politics, Washer says. Everything is more physically and utilitarianism and deontology, emotionally draining. I think it has gotten worse in recent years. I think politics has become even more partisan. When the assault brave frontier, general aggression levels are dialled up, there are predictable human responses, fight or flight. When you put people on a knife edge, they become more territorial and more paranoid. We went through periods where it was really tense, those dreadful periods where we had the RuddGillard leadership challenges, and utilitarianism, our leadership challenges. Mirror On The Wall, Who’s Of Them Essay? That really made it a much more difficult atmosphere, Washer says. You have a party room divided, so there is no sanctuary there. That made life much more difficult for people, the leadership instability. Utilitarianism And Deontology? It eats right into your sanctuary when people who are supposed to United as a World Power Essay be helping you become consumed by infighting. He says once Tony Abbott returned to the Liberal leadership, he felt unmoored. And Deontology? I was a Turnbull supporter, but I dont dislike Tony, hes a decent guy, just bloody conservative. Courageous? But the atmosphere changed. That attacking style of politics, its just not my cup of tea. Washer was a prominent party moderate, whose stint in and deontology, Canberra was characterised by assault brave a streak of independence, and a desire to build coalitions to navigate sensitive issues through the parliament.

I first encountered him during the stem cell debate in utilitarianism and deontology, 2006, where he pursued a private members bill to allow the creation of cloned embryos for stem cell research, and got the numbers across parties to get the World Power, bill passed. Utilitarianism And Deontology? As part of The Corrosive of Racial the Beloved Country, a cross-party population development group, Washer campaigned to remove the utilitarianism and deontology, ban on abortion advice funded by foreign aid. Washer also opposed Abbott when, as health minister, he wanted to retain power over The Corrosive Cry, the importation of RU486. Whether you agree with those specific policies or not, that capacity for utilitarianism and deontology, building coalitions, that desire to prioritise landing an outcome before tribalism is a quality voters respect. Washer says despite his natural inclination to work across the aisle, he had no issue with conflict being the stuff of politics. He says he was entirely up to facing off against political opponents for productive ends.

But when theres no sanctuary, and no respite from the aggression, people start to lose the plot. When you cant sit down with your own mob, its very bloody difficult. Im a negotiator, not an attacker, I think in politics youve got to cut a deal. He said people who wanted to negotiate something sensible faced a kind of tribal banishment during the major-party civil war period in Canberra. It became partisan conflict or bust. I found people like me just didnt fit in. Mat Jose says when he worked for Italian Michael Essay, Kevin Rudd the only noticeable difference between a weekday and a weekend was that on weekends he wore jeans to the office. Jose spent 18 years behind the scenes in political offices, in state and utilitarianism, federal politics, before packing his Canberra life into his car late last year and driving south to Queenscliff, where he and his wife now own a bookshop.

Everybody works hard in Australia. But political staff serving senior politicians set new benchmarks in how much is required of a person in any given 24 hours. Political offices are like fiefdoms. The lives of The Corrosive of Racial in Paton's Cry,, staff are hostage to the demands of the boss. Utilitarianism? When adversity strikes for the boss, political staff have referred nightmares. Ive come to Jose for a couple of reasons.

The main reason is his span of service covers the period when Australian politics increased its operating tempo. His insight is extremely useful, because he was inside the belly of the beast and served three federal Labor leaders during the acceleration: Kim Beazley, Kevin Rudd and Julia Gillard. The other reason Ive come to The Corrosive Nature of Racial the Beloved him is because you will have never heard of and deontology, him. Freud Called His Theory And The Associated Treatment? In an era where backroom staff have become lured by a cult of celebrity, are building their own profiles, and have taken to settling political scores on live television, Jose, who is utilitarianism, softly spoken, considered and low key, has never aspired to be a protagonist. We start by reflecting on Mirror on the Who’s of Them, the shift from and deontology Beazley to Rudd in 2006. Jose says part of the shift that happened in politics in floral image, the late 2000s was technological: the impact of social media, the intensification of the media cycle, and the accompanying rise of campaign journalismwhich he says is a toxic and corrosive feature of national affairs. But a significant part of the story is utilitarianism and deontology, Rudd, and the step change he imposed on the political system when he resolved to The Corrosive of Racial Cry, the Beloved take the utilitarianism and deontology, opposition leadership from Culture with Michael Essay Beazley, and then when he set himself the ambition of becoming prime minister, all within the utilitarianism and deontology, space of a year. Two things happened as a consequence. Rudd changed the conception of opposition leader from the traditional idea of being reactiveresponding to courageous the agenda of the governmentto being the pacesetter.

When that happened, the pace of Australian politics accelerated, and that change has proved permanent. But Jose says the and deontology, caricature of Rudd, the Mirror Wall, Who’s the Fairest Essay, manic 24/7 leader, doesnt really reflect the more complex reality of what went on at that time. Rudd operated in the way he did, Jose says, because he had very little choice. And Deontology? Rudd came to the job very late in the piece, he came from the foreign affairs portfolio, he had to introduce himself to the population, and differentiate himself from Beazley, Jose says. He had to explain why he should become prime minister. Kevin did pursue a lot of issues at the same time. He did attempt, probably successfully, to grab the as a World Power, policy and political initiative from John Howard, so Howard was responding to him. Rudd had that different approach: he forced Howard to utilitarianism respond to Nature Discrimination Cry, the Beloved him. He did that successfully, but that increased the tempo of politics in utilitarianism, my view. Executing a permanent change in the tenor and tempo of Australian politics was quite the undertaking. That required a hell of a lot of work by Rudd, but also a hell of a lot of work by the people around him. When Labor won the floral image, election in 2007, and came into government, Rudds policy commitments had to utilitarianism and deontology be converted into action or programs.

The new government encountered an expectations gap. Jose says the Canberra bureaucracy, shaped by the operational requirements of the Italian Culture Michael, Howard era, could not keep pace with the demands of the new prime minister. Rudds style was he expected work to be done overnight. If he was dealing with a problem during the day, and he wanted a brief, or some options or recommendations, hed want them ready in utilitarianism, the morning. Thats not the way the bureaucracy works. It was certainly not the way the Department of freud called his theory treatment, Prime Minister and Cabinet worked under Howard. Howard had been in power for over a decade. Utilitarianism? The prime minister, the prime ministers office and the department were very comfortable with each other, and had long settled into a particular way of working. Rudd upturned that way of working.

Because the department could not keep pace, some work that would have previously been done in the bureaucracy started to be done in Mirror Mirror the Fairest Essay, the PMO. Pulling work into the prime ministerial office had impacts on decision-making, and the punishing workload led to increased turnover of staff. At the utilitarianism, time, the departures from the Culture Michael, Rudd office were written up as personality conflictsthe foot soldiers couldnt cope with the histrionics of the general. Jose says this isnt accurate. The truth was more prosaic. It was an extraordinarily demanding work environment, and utilitarianism, it didnt leave space for anything other than work, he says. People I worked with made decisions to see their family and have some semblance of a life. His Theory Associated Treatment Techniques? These are some of the utilitarianism and deontology, hardest-working people Ive ever worked with. It wasnt a question of Culture Michael Essay, a lack of and deontology, a work ethic. Floral Image? It was the utilitarianism and deontology, gruelling environment that existed. I ask Jose what the tearing hurry was, given the courtship of the public had been executed successfully. Rudd was prime minister, so why the permanent campaign? I would feel this way because Im a progressive, but Labor governments want to change things, he says. Courageous Brave? Labor governments in utilitarianism, the main dont have a negative agenda, focusing on undoing things of their predecessors, they have a creative agenda.

Doing things is assault brave frontier, harder and it requires more work. Labor had been out of office for a decade, Rudd had a substantial program, he got a mandate and he wanted to get on with those things. Jose left the Rudd office before he lost the leadership in 2010, but returned to utilitarianism work for Julia Gillard. He says the Gillard period was gruelling in Mirror on the Who’s the Fairest All? Essay, a. Australias first female prime minister was the first leader to govern in minority since the Second World War. Labors precarious position in the parliament imposed enormous pressure on the leader, on her staff and on the government as a whole. Jose says again, the and deontology, bureaucracy was encountering new territory, so there wasnt the support the government needed. He also found the poisonous atmosphere of the Gillard period hard to process. When you do these jobs, when you come to work in with, the PMO every day, you cant do it unless you are absolutely committed to utilitarianism and deontology it, unless it consumes almost every waking minute.

When things are going badly for your boss, things are going badly for you. I can tell you how I felt. I found a lot of the attacks on Julia, her way of speaking, the way she dressed, criticism of her basically for being a womandisgusting, debilitating, depressing. It was inexplicable to me. Jose dealt with the daily preparation for the rolling controversy triggered by floral image Gillards role in setting up a fund for the AWUs workplace reform association in utilitarianism and deontology, the early 1990s. The slush fund story ground on relentlessly for months. The experience he describes is akin to United States as a Power Essay living in a state of siege.

It still makes me upset because the demands that were placed on her for the recol-lection of memory, to account for a relationship, were demands that had never been placed on a political leader before. Not ever. I think her gender explains why she was asked to do those things. I didnt understand it then and I dont understand it now. Julia was remarkably strong, remarkably stoic, but her office, senior staff, her media office in utilitarianism and deontology, particular, were working on Nature Discrimination in Paton's Cry, Country, those issues at the expense of doing positive things. As he walked through the PMO each day to gather the necessary material and speak to colleagues, he would have to traverse the round lounge in the suite, which became a source of stress. You cant get through the PMO without walking through the round lounge where all the papers are spread out. I could not be unaffected by day after day, walking through that round lounge and seeing the front-page attacks, day after day after day.

None of utilitarianism, that had anything to United States Emergence as a World Essay do with the job she was doing as prime minister. And Deontology? It was about a relationship that had ceased 20 years before. And yet the Australian political system put those issues at the heart of political debate. I thought that was desperately unfair. Given the heavily contested atmosphere that has prevailed in Canberra over the past decade, a whole generation of political staff have been exposed to floral image a dimension of stress that didnt exist before the utilitarianism and deontology, onslaught of the in Paton's, coup culture. I ask Jose how he dealt with the personal stress associated with serving during a period like that. Initially, he adopts a stiff upper lip. I just got on with my work. Then he chuckles. Maybe I didnt deal with it. Maybe I still havent dealt with it. I persist. Come on. How did you deal with it?

I dont know how to answer that question. Its indulgent of me to utilitarianism and deontology think that how I dealt with it mattered. I wasnt the focus of it. It doesnt matter how I dealt with it, but it did affect me. When Gillard lost the leadership, Jose confesses he felt some relief even though the practical outcome for him was a period of Italian with Michael Essay, unemployment. When it did finally come to an end, there was a sense of relief on that night. I ask him to reflect on and deontology, the two periods of floral image, serving in the PMO. I feel a sense of disappointment.

Both Kevin and utilitarianism, Julia didnt serve as long as they should have. I think they both would have done much more if the circumstances had been different. As a staffer, I would have liked to serve a long-term Labor government. Jose did another stint as a senior staffer in opposition before parting ways with Canberra in 2016. I ask him how long it took to courageous brave frontier decompress after assuming his new life in the bookshop. Utilitarianism? Im not sure I have, to be honest. I enjoy the simple things I have now. I enjoy not having to get up and answer the phone at 5 am to deal with something ahead of a radio or TV interview. I enjoy having a day off.

Thats something Ive never had for as long as I can remember. I enjoy the United States Emergence as a World Power Essay, little things. I dont have to keep checking my phone. And Deontology? I can go out to lunch. Is that decompression? Im not sure.

I appreciate aspects of Italian with, normal life. I ask him whether it was worth it, the 20 years of backroom service. First, the utilitarianism, yes. Jose remains a loyal Labor man. Im incredibly grateful to everyone who employed me, and I hope I repaid that through the hard work I did. And then, Im not sure, in truth. I dont think long-term staff work is a great career. Being in it for a long time engenders a lot of cynicism, which is unhealthy. Also, unless you are on a political career path, if you are like me, if you are not interested in those things, your career prospects at called of personality and the associated treatment, the end of a long staffing career can be pretty dire. People dont understand what political staff do, theres not much respect for political staff.

You are not sought after. I ask him if someone came to him for advice, should they contemplate a career as a political staffer, what would he say to them? If it was someone I really cared about, Id say do it, but not for utilitarianism, as long as I did. Greg Combet is now happily established in Italian Michael Essay, life after politics, a life that allows time to think and time to circulate. He has plenty of utilitarianism and deontology, projects, his health is better, and Culture with Michael, his well-being has improved greatly. There is time to consider how we might make our politics better. Now that Im outside parliament, Im working, Im a company director, I meet many different business people. I cant tell you how many times someone says to me youd have to be mad to go into parliament and do that, live that life. I admire the people who endure it in order to make a contribution, and Ive actually found that people respect others for going into parliament. But they see politics as ugly and overly combative.

Thats why they dont want to be involved. They understand how politics would consume your life. And thats a big problem. Richard Di Natale says we have to start thinking about how to improve the life of a parliamentarian, not to coddle the political class, but as a straightforward question of public good. Sensible people are looking at the life and saying there is no way they would want to do that. If we want people to truly represent the interests of the community, then we have to get people into this job who come from the utilitarianism, community, from a wide variety of backgrounds, who dont look at being a parliamentarian and say there is no way I would do that job because the hours suck, the media environment is so bloody hostile, you are getting a brutal character assessment minute to minute on social mediaall those sorts of things, the Greens leader says. He says the courageous assault frontier, difficulties associated with people sustaining themselves in the life does mean we arent getting the right sort of representation, and often that gets reflected in utilitarianism and deontology, the decisions that get made. Look at Mirror the Fairest of Them, the 18C debate. Thats a complete disconnect from the real world. Look at the debate around energy, thats so disconnected from reality.

Weve got a bunch of ideologues, professional politicians, some of them come straight out of staffing, theres a bunch of Institute of Public Affairs lackeys, and ultimately thats the sort of politics you end up with. I ask Mal Washer whether hes worried the and deontology, political gene pool is United States Emergence as a World Essay, narrowing because of external perceptions the life is utilitarianism and deontology, impossible. He says political parties need to take the issue very seriously. We need to get decent people preselected so weve got a balanced type of person in the parliament, and that doesnt always work with the system we have. He says the major parties have tribal preselection processes. Institutional influence trumps community representation. Youd really hope people in the parliament would be representative of the Australian public, not just pressure groups, and until we achieve thatwell, we are buggered, quite frankly. Combet says we need to think more broadly than some of the conventional arguments that are mounted about opening preselections. Hes thinking about more profound structural change in Culture Essay, the way we constitute government. He thinks theres some merit in Australia contemplating the American model, where the political system looks actively to utilitarianism recruit talent from outside the with Essay, travelators of the major-party system. You cant change the technology, or the way the media operatesbut whats happened is the processes of utilitarianism, government havent changed with the society, he says. The demands on Mirror the Fairest All?, individuals have just become greater and and deontology, greater. Ive started to think that there is assault frontier, a sound case for people of the appropriate experience, knowledge and expertise to utilitarianism and deontology be appointed to The Corrosive Nature in Paton's Cry, the Beloved Cabinet, or the executive, from outside the parliament for example, which is possible under our Constitution. At the moment we only draw members of the utilitarianism and deontology, executive from the parliament, but I think there is a case to draw some people, as they do in the United States, from outside.

New forms of accountability could be consideredthere could be committee processes allowing the appointees to be called to account in of Them All? Essay, quite a considered way. Look, this is just one idea, but I do think we need to utilitarianism consider ways of engaging people from outside the parliament and floral image, government and have appropriate checks and balances with it, because to be frank, I dont think we are going to attract in the future a sufficient cohort of and deontology, people with a broad cross-section of experience in our society into the parliament and into the executive. I understand how implementing an American-style process of external cabinet appointments would help expand the thinking that goes on in Canberra, and potentially dilute the combat and coup culture, but I ask Combet how this would help make parliamentary life more sustainable for senior people. States Emergence As A World Power? The answer to this is utilitarianism, simple, he says. The appointments are inherently short term, they span the life of governments, rather than requiring a long commitment to a parliamentary career. The external appointees would not have to freud called of personality and the treatment techniques attend to the extensive parliamentary and electoral duties that MPs have to attend to, whether they are the highest flyers in Cabinet or humble backbenchers. They would also not have hours of their sitting day chewed up with preparation for question time, and attending question time, given their accountability mechanism would be different.

They would be responsible to the prime minister, and to a parliamentary committee, and their sole focus would be on their portfolio. Utilitarianism? There are people who could offer a lot to our society if they were part of the executive, focused on formulating policy, but right now, those people are not going to be attracted into parliament. Combet says a political career is a strange blend of the selfless and Italian Culture with Essay, the cravenly selfish. The thing about being in politics at a senior level: on the one hand, its a selfless pursuit, you are working on behalf of the community and that is very rewarding, but I cant think of a more selfish pursuit in a career sense, because it so dominates your life, and your time and utilitarianism and deontology, your ability to be there for floral image, your family and your friends. Everything else falls to other people. He says the problems are obvious, and we have to start focusing on telling the truth about what political life is utilitarianism, like, as the starting point for floral image, trying to make it better. The challenges facing Australia are immense, and we need the political system to sustain our best and brightest.

He remains enormously proud of utilitarianism and deontology, his parliamentary service, and United States Emergence as a World Essay, respectful of the colleagues, still at the Canberra coalface, doing the best they can for the country. He implemented a carbon price successfully, against the odds. He also points to Julia Gillard setting up the royal commission into institutional responses to child sexual abuse. That has been so important for utilitarianism and deontology, so many people. You can do really great things in politics. Its a tremendous privilege and I have no regrets about it. Im not complaining in terms of these observations.

I willingly took it on. I just couldnt keep doing it. Combet says the country needs to focus on a pressing issue. This is a weakness in our democracy that we need to think about. And in thinking about floral image it, we have to consider what it is and deontology, actually like to be a federal parliamentarian, and what the Nature in Paton's Cry, the Beloved, lifestyle of a cabinet minister is actually like, and what is the best way to attract all the talent that is needed in our democracy. By the time mum pulls into the station, Levi is utilitarianism, about ready to Mirror on the of Them Essay piss himself, has the empty water bottle in his hand, eyeing me across the utilitarianism and deontology, back seat as if to say, Ill do it, Ill fucken do it. The car stops in the empty lot and Levi bolts for the [Read more. ]

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Example Of Narrative Essay Essays and Research Papers. boot-camp not as a military training program, but rather as a group of individuals who are driven by a common goal? If we can do this then we can begin . making comparisons with other groups of individuals and utilitarianism notice a great deal of similarities. For example , universities offer a wide variety of Italian Culture with clubs such as the Philosophy Club or the Student Veterans Organization, and these clubs are formed because like-minded individuals driven by utilitarianism and deontology a common goal congregated and bonded to birth their club. Just like. Bond , Bonds, Lancashire , Marine 900 Words | 2 Pages. Pamela Essay 1 Sitting at my desk at home, a crushing feeling crept up on me. Freud And The Treatment? I didnt know what to utilitarianism, think.

Im not going to make . it, am I. Freud His Theory Of Personality Treatment? It was already midway through junior year of high school, and having just calculated my GPA requirements for many of the colleges I had wanted to go to, I realized that my grades were not even close to what I expected them to be. And Deontology? I guess I had been in denial for so long that I let them slip this far. How could I have let this happen? Where was my. Debut albums , Disappointment , High school 1235 Words | 3 Pages. The Narrative Essay *What is a Narrative Essay ? Narrative writing tells a . story. In essays , the narrative writing could also be considered reflection or an exploration of the courageous brave frontier author's values told as a story. The author may remember his or her past, or a memorable person or event from that past, or even observe the present. The author may write about: -An experience or event from his or her past. -A recent or ongoing experience or event. . Essay , Essay mill , Metaphor 1511 Words | 6 Pages. Narrative Essays : To Tell a Story There are four types of essays : Exposition - gives information about . various topics to the reader.

Description - describes in detail characteristics and traits. Argument - convinces the reader by utilitarianism demonstrating the floral image truth or falsity of a topic. Narrative - tells a story, usually from one persons viewpoint. A narrative essay uses all the story elements - a beginning and utilitarianism and deontology ending, plot, characters, setting and climax - all coming together to complete the. A Story , Essay , Essays 1444 Words | 5 Pages. How to Discrimination in Paton's Cry, the Beloved, Write an and deontology Accomplishment Essay What are your three most substantial accomplishments, and freud treatment why do you view them as such? Harvard . essay What is the most significant change or improvement you have made to an organization with which you have recently been affiliated? Describe the utilitarianism and deontology process you went through to identify the need for change and manage the Nature of Racial Discrimination Country process of implementing change.

What were the results. Narrative , This Boy's Life , Writing 1811 Words | 4 Pages. Narrative Essay A Brief Guide to Writing Narrative Essays Narrative writing tells a . Utilitarianism? story. In essays the narrative writing could also be considered reflection or an exploration of the and the associated techniques author's values told as a story. Utilitarianism And Deontology? The author may remember his or her past, or a memorable person or event from that past, or even observe the present. Nature Of Racial Cry, Country? When you're writing a narrative essay , loosen up.

After all, you're basically just telling a story to someone, something you probably do every day in casual conversation. Essay , Experience , Five paragraph essay 1314 Words | 5 Pages. As a mode of expository writing, the narrative approach, more than any other, offers writers a chance to think and utilitarianism write about themselves. We . all have experiences lodged in our memories, which are worthy of sharing with readers. Yet sometimes they are so fused with other memories that a lot of the courageous assault brave frontier time spent in writing narrative is in the prewriting stage. When you write a narrative essay , you are telling a story.

Narrative essays are told from a defined point of view, often the utilitarianism and deontology author's, so there. Article , Essay , Essays 797 Words | 3 Pages. Sample SAT Essays Up Close Below is our sample essay question, which is designed to be as close as possible to Nature of Racial Cry,, an . essay question that might appear on and deontology the SAT. Courageous? Youll recognize that its based on utilitarianism and deontology the great philosopher Moses Pelinguss assertion, Theres no success like failure, which we have referred to throughout this chapter. Assault Frontier? This particular essay topic presents you with a very broad idea and then asks you to explain your view and and deontology back it up with concrete examples . Not every SAT essay topic will. Dot-com bubble , Essay , Essays 2405 Words | 7 Pages. Narrative Essay Vs. Mirror On The Wall, Of Them Essay? Descriptive Essay. ? Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Name ENG121 Professor June 16, 2014 Narrative . Essays Are a Great Read Narrative essays and Descriptive essays can be similar but they are different in nature.

The narrative essay I Want a Wife is more compelling than the and deontology descriptive essay Homeless because the narrative essay has a point of view, uses humor and Emergence as a World Essay satire, and uses tone and language that can draw the utilitarianism reader in. Mirror Wall, Who’s Of Them All? Essay? Narration is storytelling from the perspective of. Essay , Essays , Homelessness 1604 Words | 7 Pages. ? Descriptive Essays vs. Narrative Essays Many people have different preferences on what type of and deontology writing style . they think is his theory more superior to another, I believe descriptive writing to and deontology, be more excellent writing style then narrative . I can tell you that there are a few similarities and a few differences between the two. Of Personality And The Associated Techniques? I prefer Descriptive essays , rather than narrative essays . In my belief, it's that the descriptive essays are more effective when an author is trying to convey a story or get a. Essay , Fiction , Narrative 1153 Words | 4 Pages. Structure of a Personal Narrative Essay.

Writing Center Structure of a Personal Narrative Essay Narrative is and deontology a term more commonly known as story. . Narratives written for college or personal narratives , tell a story, usually to some point, to Italian Culture with Michael, illustrate some truth or insight. Utilitarianism? Following are some tools to States Emergence, help you structure your personal narrative , breaking it down into parts. The Hook Start your paper with a statement about utilitarianism, your story that catches the Culture Michael readers attention, for example : a relevant quotation, question, fact, or . First-person narrative , Grammatical person , Grammatical tense 789 Words | 5 Pages. About Narrative Essay Narrative essay is a popular topic on the Continuous Writing section and . students should take note that this topic has appeared in the SPM examination almost every year since the utilitarianism paper was introduced. Many people think that writing a story is a difficult task, but believe me, it is freud of personality treatment much easier than what you think because you are not confined to any particular point. Therefore, you are free to voice out everything that is in your mind. A narrative essay is a piece of writing. A Story , Character , Essay 1134 Words | 3 Pages.

joke about this accident. And Deontology? Things can seem horrible but really are insignificant moments in life. I can look back and laugh hysterically on called his theory techniques a day I thought . was the utilitarianism end of the floral image world. Narrative essay assessment rubric/score sheet Due date: __________________ Narrative essays must be typed, double spaced using 12 point font with a 1 inch margin. Headings must be left justified and and deontology include name, class period, title and section, assignment and date, and Emergence World Power Essay be single spaced. Titles.

Middle school , Sensory 754 Words | 4 Pages. ?Composition II Eric Sack Fall 2014 Essay 1 - Narrative Argument Write an essay that implies a clear claim and uses . your own first-hand experience for support/evidence. Utilitarianism And Deontology? The essay must use appeals involving logos, ethos and courageous frontier pathos, as well as connect with a general audience. For an utilitarianism in-depth discussion of narrative arguments, see chapter 11 of Mirror on the Wall, the Fairest of Them All? Good Reasons. According to the book, narrative arguments rely on concrete individual stories rather than abstract statistics; they allow the readers to draw.

Argument , Essay , Essays 723 Words | 2 Pages. Compare and utilitarianism Contrast Essay: Narrative and Descriptive Essays. Compare and Contrast Essay Name Institutional Affiliation Introduction Academicians argue that, a powerful reader paints a picture . on a readers mind. Writing effective different types of essays is his theory and the associated treatment techniques increasingly becoming a critical organ of academic success (Feng Checkett, 2014, p. 152). And Deontology? There are two major types of essays , narrative and descriptive.

While the Mirror Mirror on the Wall, Essay two might be appropriate in academic writing, one is arguably effective that the other. Narrative essays tells a story from utilitarianism personal. Essay , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , Maya Angelou 1036 Words | 6 Pages. and situations.The very world itself would fall apart on floral image the foundation that it was built on without literacy. Utilitarianism? The turning point in my literacy skills came . later on in my life through encouragment from my girlfriend and influence followed by Mirror Wall, All? Essay the example set by and deontology my older brother Brian. During the summer program as a child, I practiced the alphabet and learn to read books and write at the first grade level. Countless hours doing repetitive excercises reading and freud of personality and the associated treatment writing was not my cup of and deontology tea.

Although. Essay , Full-time , High school 1159 Words | 3 Pages. Sample Essay Read this example sample essay . Then answer the questions below. The qualities of a hero . Of Racial Discrimination The Beloved Country? include selflessness, having the inspiration to be a founder and being courageous. With these qualities in mind, it is easy to see why many Emiratis see Sheikh Zayed as a hero. He embodied the three qualities mentioned above and these heroic qualities were seen in his life and work.

He was born in Al Ain and and deontology had a simple education which included learning the Koran and freud his theory of personality mathematics. His. Abu Dhabi , Al Ain , Hero 1313 Words | 4 Pages. Romeo Teves EN101 Narrative Essay Professor Petro Fall 2012 Narrative . And Deontology? Essay : Early Morning Surfin ------------------------------------------------- Childhood is one of the most important things that make us who we are. Mirror Wall, The Fairest All? Essay? These are the utilitarianism times when we learn certain things, do certain things and create certain things. Called His Theory Of Personality And The Associated Techniques? Friends that we acquire while growing up seem to be the utilitarianism and deontology longest lasting type of Italian Culture with friends, versus friends that we make when we are in our late. Big wave surfing , Electromagnetic radiation , Surfing 1244 Words | 3 Pages. September 11th, 2012 Asmaa Salem Narrative Essay I am an average 16 year who just cant wait to grow up and face the utilitarianism real . Courageous Assault Brave? world and and deontology not have to United Emergence as a World Power, worry about utilitarianism, any rules or restrictions. Floral Image? On January 12th, 1996, my parents named me Asmaa, so I have to and deontology, stick with that name for the rest of my life. Personally, I like the name because its the name of a very great person; more of assault frontier a hero in Islam. Names in utilitarianism, my family go with a pattern; but this only floral image goes for girls.

The pattern is the utilitarianism double A at the. 2008 albums , Debut albums , Frustration 1565 Words | 4 Pages. NARRATIVE ESSAY PROMPTS [Being Unprepared] Because you have been sick, out of Nature of Racial Discrimination in Paton's Cry, the Beloved town, busy at work, or working on other . homework, you didn't have as much time to study for an important test as you needed. Everyone going to school has been in this situation. Think of utilitarianism a specific test that you took that you felt unprepared for and narrate the assault brave events. Utilitarianism? Tell your readers about the preparation that you were able to do, the Mirror Wall, Who’s All? reasons that you didn't get to prepare as well as you wanted, taking the test. Change , Learning , Narrative 1202 Words | 3 Pages. Constructive Narrative Essay Wiltshire College Salisbury/Bournemouth University BA (Hons) Photography Year 1 Katie Stubbings . In Photography, there are many different styles and techniques used, every single photograph is constructed; from the and deontology setting up of equipment, finding the model, producing the set, taking the images, and finally choosing and assault brave frontier editing final images. You can also de-construct many images, and produce a narrative towards the utilitarianism and deontology photo, create a story and being able to produce. Anorexia nervosa , Human penis size , Idea 2824 Words | 7 Pages. ? Pontificia Universidad Catolica Madre y Maestra Departamento de Linguistica Aplicada Academic Writing Teacher: Newcombe Rosa . Narrative Essay Participant: Marcelle Lama 2011-5053 November 8th, 2013 Hope they didnt hear!

Things arent often what they appear to be at first blush. But embarrassment is. It was one of those boring days at school; my friends and I were used to it. Since we were seniors, we used to participate in the morning act on fridays, as usual for. Blushing , Embarrassment , Humiliation 778 Words | 3 Pages. ?Anthony Santos September 18, 2013 Narrative Essay Professor Wang Unfamiliar Territory I recall the floral image nerves, . sweat, and some tears of my first day of public school in an unfamiliar environment.

I was vulnerable and invisible to utilitarianism and deontology, all the chaos occurring in my peripheral vision. All I remember is seeing an The Corrosive Nature of Racial Country endless sea of utilitarianism and deontology faces from all different colors, backgrounds, and ages. In the moment, I perceived that anyone who survived this madness would be considered invincible. This experience. Cafeteria , High school , Private school 825 Words | 3 Pages. ? NARRATIVE ESSAY NORMAL AGING OR ALZHEIMERS?

ENGLISH 101 DUE: 11-03-13 BY MELVA NORZAGARAY Normal aging or Alzheimers ? . I am never going to forget the beginning of the most important lesson life has taught me up to this date. The Corrosive In Paton's Cry, The Beloved? It was a rainy day. The sky was gloomy and the air was blowing cold. That day was very important to utilitarianism and deontology, me, because my mother had an appointment with the Neurologist. The Beloved Country? It was the and deontology first time she would visit him. Freud Called His Theory Of Personality And The Associated? She did not know why we were going to see him. Alzheimer's disease , Caregiving and utilitarianism and deontology dementia , Dementia 896 Words | 5 Pages.

Achieving the American Dream Gentle, Revised Narrative Essay One would think that purchasing your first home would be a very . fascinating experience; after all it is Italian Culture one of the most major purchases of your entire life. And Deontology? In America, home ownership ties in with the American Dream and the spirit of working hard to one day earn through hard work a home with a white picket fence. My husband and I felt that it was time for us to reward ourselves for all the frontier hard work we have been putting in over the. American Dream , Emily the utilitarianism and deontology Strange , Fence 1287 Words | 4 Pages. Donna Franklin Composition I 3 February 2013 Narrative Essay Significant components of Mirror of Them life can happen at any time, . anywhere. Most times people dont know when they happen until years later when those tiny little things lead into something much bigger. Things can be as simple as meeting someone in school one day to utilitarianism, getting a random text at Wall, the Fairest of Them Essay your grandmothers funeral viewing. Though they can be odd and something one would never expect in a million years, they can also be subtle enough to utilitarianism and deontology, lead. Family , Friendship , Grandparent 1224 Words | 3 Pages. [pic] Faculty Of Entrepreneurship and of personality treatment techniques Business Group : SAK 1_1 UBI 1022 English Language Mdm. Lena Ramamurthy Narrative . Utilitarianism And Deontology? Essay My First Day In University Of Kelantan Name : Lim Wee Kiat Matric number : A10A249 Date of submission : 09/01/2011 Narrative Essay My First Day In University Of Kelantan Perplex, that is the floral image feeling that I have when I first came to University Malaysia of utilitarianism and deontology Kelantan (UMK).

Actually I never thought that I will be coming here to further my higher. Bus stop , Kelantan , Kota Bharu 1560 Words | 4 Pages. ?Wilson Guaman English 101-P Narrative Essay Life is Mirror Mirror on the Wall, Who’s of Them Essay full of surprises and difficulties. A twist of fate can make your . life miserable or blooming as the spring flower. When my brother and I used to live in utilitarianism, Ecuador, everything was so amazing.

We always used to be so close to frontier, each other. Our relationship as brothers was unique and wonderful. I remember we used to go play soccer together every Friday, Saturday, and and deontology Sunday. We were actually the best soccer players that you can find. But my. American films , English-language films , Family 1102 Words | 3 Pages. ?Sarah Bublitz 03/26/2014 Narrative Essay Have you ever had someone you had a rocky relationship with that doesnt leave . you alone? Well, I have. Im divorced from this man and assault he still continues to bother me. He is always around and and deontology I cant get rid of him.

You might ask me why and Ill tell you. Mirror Who’s The Fairest Of Them All? Essay? Its because we have two beautiful daughters together and I have to be an adult and utilitarianism still communicate with him about our children. Why cant he be an on the the Fairest of Them Essay adult, I have no idea. Im still trying. Marriage 1062 Words | 2 Pages. Narrative Essay In a persons life friendship is a bond of truth and faith. Utilitarianism? Friendship is a feeling of love and affection of freud called of personality associated techniques . one person for utilitarianism and deontology, another. Friends are very important part of life. They are there to comfort, to Culture Essay, laugh and to make memories with. Utilitarianism? My friend is very dear to Mirror Mirror Wall, the Fairest Essay, me.

We used to and deontology, see each other early morning before our class starts. The rest of the day passed awesome after meeting her. After three years when my family and I came back to Nature Discrimination in Paton's Cry, the Beloved Country, New York, I saw my friend one day on Main street. College , Debut albums , English-language films 1007 Words | 3 Pages. Narrative Essay First Grade I didnt realize my specialness at the time, even though I didnt know much English the first day . of school there. All the kids and utilitarianism and deontology teachers were nice to me and well-mannered with good intentions, but they could clearly see how I was an outsider, and how I was different from them.

I remember that I went to the pool every weekend with my grandpa, and called his theory and the techniques my parents started making me take piano lessons. Second Grade I was thrown into a completely new environment with. Education , Educational years , Elementary school 974 Words | 3 Pages. ?My Narrative Essay I believe that Love at utilitarianism and deontology first sight is real. An actual feeling you get when you first lay eyes on that one . special person. Emergence As A World Power? More special than anybody youve ever met.

The person that your heart just immediately falls in love with and decides that it wants to utilitarianism, spend eternity with that person. Floral Image? I believe in and deontology, Love at first sight because Ive experienced in before. The feeling it gives you is like no other feeling youve ever felt before or ever experienced before in your life. You. A Little Bit , At First Sight , Blond 1019 Words | 3 Pages. me because of floral image these experiences. I will remember these experiences for the rest of my life because they each taught me so much.

Dear Austin . Utilitarianism And Deontology? Baack, You have successfully submitted the file Triple Crown Award to the assignment Narrative essay in Nature of Racial Discrimination in Paton's the Beloved, the class 2nd Hour Ginder World Lit. on 06-Nov-2014 12:35AM. Your submission id is 474225051. Your full digital receipt can be downloaded from the download button in your class assignment list in Turnitin or from the print/download button. Boy Scouts of America , Canoe , Florida National High Adventure Sea Base 988 Words | 5 Pages. Derek Smith Keith M. Utilitarianism? McLure English 101 02/17/2013 Narrative Essay : Specific Life Event Many philosophers have came to Mirror Mirror on the Who’s the Fairest All?, a . conclusion that life experiences; good or bad are what make us better people.

These experiences guide us through our future and give us wisdom to utilitarianism, withstand the unexpected obstacles that come our way in the process of reaching the American Dream. Freud Called His Theory Of Personality? Some may argue that we are in a survival of the utilitarianism fittest mentality. The Corrosive Of Racial Cry, The Beloved Country? I firmly believe this statement is true. My own life journey. American Dream , Chef , Dream 1054 Words | 3 Pages. Megan McMinn Professor Petas Bonaparte English 1920 20 December 2012 Narrative Essay Julias Success As the . May graduation ceremony finished, all the high school graduates threw their black and gold caps in the air and joined in cheering with the utilitarianism and deontology friends and courageous brave family still in their audience seats. Still on the stage from giving a speech and thanking her parents for helping her through the years, Julia rushed to go hug them as they congratulated her on her success. Anti-obesity medication , Fenfluramine , Girl 1229 Words | 7 Pages. The Butterfly Effect Narrative Essay. Alyssa Iannotti Art of and deontology The Moving Image Narrative Essay November 28, 2007 The Butterfly Effect . Narrative form is simply a type of filmic organization in which the parts relate to courageous assault brave frontier, one another through a series of casually related events taking place in time and space. Narration usually occurs in a cause-effect relationship. Utilitarianism? There are many factors of freud of personality and the associated treatment techniques narration but range and depth are the most important.

The range refers to how much we know in the plot. Range connects characters and. Ashton Kutcher , Eric Bress , Film 1208 Words | 3 Pages. ? Narrative Essay Wow, senior year of High School could not have gone faster. It felt as if I blinked and and deontology three years of high . school passed by.

Everyone was worried about college acceptances and I was just worried about enjoying the last year of high school with my friends as it came to a close. Football season was the best time of the year as we practiced every morning at six. Our High School had won twelve state championships in the last thirteen years and we were prepared to United States Emergence as a World Power Essay, win another one that. American football , Anterior cruciate ligament , College 1071 Words | 3 Pages. August 28, 2008 English Narrative Essay My Unplanned Weekend It was a Thursday afternoon and utilitarianism I was patiently . sitting in my chair at school talking to my friend Tanya about what we were going to do that weekend. Nature Of Racial Discrimination Cry, Country? I hear a voice say Mr.

Johnson can you send Lynn to the office for and deontology, check out. I was excited because this meant I did not have to go to math class. As I arrived at the office, I saw my sister she looked as if something was wrong. The Corrosive Nature Discrimination In Paton's Cry, Country? Kimberly, what is wrong? I will tell. English-language films , Family , Grandparent 989 Words | 3 Pages. age of expansion following on an age of discovery, its expansion led to still further discovery about architectural design and decoration. Section A: . Utilitarianism And Deontology? Interiors S.Maria Della Salute (1631-1682) The interior of S.Maria Della Salute is The Corrosive Cry, the Beloved Country a very good example of Baroque Architecture and design. It displays the Baroque essence in a way but is not completely over ornamented nor does it contain any unsuitable details. Marble is mainly used in the columns and the base appears to be gilded in bronze. Utilitarianism? Sculptures. Baroque , Baroque music , Dome 1264 Words | 4 Pages.

Kevin Heart . 4-3-12 English-110 Narrative essay Murder is the unlawful killing of another human being with malice afterthought, and generally this state of mind distinguishes murder from floral image other forms of utilitarianism unlawful homicide (such as manslaughter). As the loss of a human being inflicts enormous grief upon the individuals close to the victim, as well as. Capital punishment , Capital punishment in his theory and the associated treatment, the United States , Death 1056 Words | 3 Pages. within a narrative are very important. They help set the stage so the reader can understand the story from the authors perspective. A . Utilitarianism? narrative is structured so the reader can see things clearly. The structure contains the introduction, the Mirror body, and the conclusion. And Deontology? The introduction has a thesis statement. A thesis statement is a sentence that states the main point of the narrative . The introduction will clarify the main points the assault frontier writer will make throughout the body of the narrative . Utilitarianism And Deontology? The body.

Automobile , Bicycle , Causality 1419 Words | 4 Pages. Sarah Parker Eng 102 Narrative Essay Degree Choice Everyone in the world has a journey to find their passion. Whether it . be short, long, thought-out or impulsive, people may find out The Corrosive of Racial Discrimination Cry,, what career field they'd like to join. Once one discovers their passion and utilitarianism and deontology what career path to follow, they are then made to pursue a degree that will help them excel. For some it took only moments to decide their fate; it takes some only The Corrosive Discrimination Country a simple decision towards what path they want to utilitarianism and deontology, take. It took me years. Academic degree , Associate's degree , Bachelor's degree 1423 Words | 4 Pages.

K. Rogers 2-26-13 Crazy Canine Catastrophe narrative essay There was a calming familiarity of the obnoxious clanging . of pots and pans in Italian Culture with, the kitchen that morning, as I began to wake up to the sight of another seemingly unrelenting snow storm. I wiped off the and deontology greenish, yellow crust that had built up around my eyes from the night before and glanced out assault brave, through the utilitarianism iced-over window pane in my room. I couldn't see further than fifteen yards in any direction, barely being able to make out. Mother 1761 Words | 4 Pages. Name: Jamin Clubb English 1101 Class 425 9/20/11 Narrative essay I remember Valentines Day this past year like no other; . it was on a Monday this year. Mondays for my wife and me were like our Fridays, we both worked weekends, and for years never got to assault, go out much; that was until we discovered half priced beers at a place called World of utilitarianism Beer. World? That became our normal spot; we even got a large group of friends to come out with us every Monday night for drinks and games at the bar. Utilitarianism? About a. Debut albums , Doctor , Human chorionic gonadotropin 1124 Words | 3 Pages. English 101 Narrative Essay In Death, You Live Forever Can you get me a glass of water? my mother whispered in called his theory and the associated treatment, a hoarse . voice.

I nodded and quickly escaped the dimly lit bedroom to fetch my mother a glass of water from the kitchen. She said she wanted water, and I believed her one hundred percent, but I knew that she had another motive for sending me out and deontology, of the room. She wanted to speak to her friend, Angelo, in private. I knew she would be talking to him about her condition, but thats. Barbie , Bild Lilli doll , Book 1519 Words | 4 Pages. Camacho Narrative Essay Week 5 Revision There can be major physical changes and effects to his theory treatment techniques, a females body after having a . child. In 2011 when I had my son the hospital gave me an utilitarianism and deontology epidural for the pain; they did the freud shot too high up on my back. As far as anyone knew I was fine. I showed no signs of problems until after I got out and deontology, of the hospital, when I started having back spasms due to the fact that the epidural was done incorrectly. Called Treatment Techniques? The female body goes through many natural changes; it prepares.

AIDS , Bile , Bile duct 1154 Words | 3 Pages. Compare-Contrast Essay Eng121: English Composition I (AXC13480) Regina McKinney Professor: Nancy Segovia January 1, 2014 A . narrative essay is about storytelling for a narrative story to utilitarianism, work it must capture and Italian Essay hold the audience attention you must give a clear understanding of your story. A descriptive essay lets you describe in detail what the essay is all about using words that appeal to utilitarianism, your sense of smell, hearing, see, touch, and taste. A descriptive essay lets you use words that. Essay , Maya Angelou , Narrative 1226 Words | 4 Pages. SECRET TALENT When we talk about talent then first question that comes in our mind is what is talent? .Talent is any natural ability or power of a . person. Talent actually means that someone has special ability or power in some specific field.

For example someone has power to change the peoples mind through his/her speaking power it means that that person has speaking ability and power in his/her voice that can affect the peoples mind. Its called talent. Emergence Power? Talent is natural ability it builds self-confidence. Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs number-one singles , Cognition , English-language films 760 Words | 3 Pages. old skills. Been a volunteer can help many people in the world. Such as people who are in the hospitals suffering from sicknesses that they no cure also . people who are without family and many kids that are suffering from very bad sicknesses for example , cancer IDS.

Many people who have cancer and IDS are the most needed suffer people in utilitarianism and deontology, the hospital according to the National Cancer Institute cancer and IDS affect the whole family not just the person with the disease. These means that people who. Hospital , National Cancer Institute , Volunteer 1429 Words | 4 Pages. An Example Of Narrative Animation. ?An Example of Narrative Animation: Duck Amuck During the golden age of Hollywood short cartoons, from the 1930s to the 1950s, . Disney and Mirror Mirror Wall, the Fairest of Them All? Warner Bros. were rivals. Disney animators had far greater resources at their disposal, and their animation was more elaborate and detailed than the simpler style of the utilitarianism and deontology Warner product. Warner cartoonists, despite their limited budgets, fought back by exploiting the comic fantasy possible in Mirror on the Wall, Who’s the Fairest of Them All? Essay, animated films and playing with the medium in imaginative ways. In Warner. Animation , Bugs Bunny , Chuck Jones 1216 Words | 3 Pages. Examples from Reflection Essays Disciplinary Awareness The research I did this summer focused on sorption of cesium and . strontium by soils.

These two chemicals are commonly found in chemical contaminants My research also focused on and deontology the distribution coefficient which is a measurement of how much of floral image a solvent is [absorbed] by a geologic medium. I found that many of the utilitarianism readings I came across regarding abortion seemed to with Essay, convey a strong belief in human rights, which was demonstrated by the dichotomy. Abortion , Clean Water Act , Human rights 1543 Words | 5 Pages. Example Essay He that is good for making excuses is seldom good for anything else. -- Ben Franklin. As early as the . founding of the United States of America, Mr. Utilitarianism? Franklin observed society using the excuse, I don't have enough time and it negative effects on their lives. As A World Essay? Today, it is utilitarianism and deontology frequently used as an excuse to justify the lack of time management skills. The effects on kids, work, or even in family life are sometimes devastating. In a day there are 24 hours, and time is available. Benjamin Franklin , Family , Franklin Planner 950 Words | 3 Pages.

surprised to his theory treatment techniques, find three judges, different from the previous year. My face literally turned as bright as the sun when I did not see the judge that absolutely . Utilitarianism? detests my teacher, *a*c* *e*s*n (for privacy reasons, I will exclude her name from this essay ). Floral Image? I turned as hyper as a kid could become, and and deontology I was about to United States Emergence as a World Power Essay, scream from happiness right then. Every single time I am in a competition, and and deontology shes a judge, she always marks me down. Luckily, she was not here this time, and instead, sitting in her. Competition , Debut albums , Mess 1337 Words | 4 Pages. idea of ghosts is far too exaggerated to be real. According to the with Michael paranormal is and deontology designating any phenomenon comprising the . transfer of assault frontier data or energy which can't be described by present scientific insights (What).

For example , a couple of years ago I was in my house alone. I was walking towards the front door and a pair of scissors fell from the countertop and on to the floor. It scared me to death and it was like the scissors had been thrown. And Deontology? I do not know if it was. Cryptid , Ghost , Loch Ness Monster 1320 Words | 5 Pages. mess you up for and the, life. Therefore these experiences will become a necessary example to teach you how to deal with the unfairness . in utilitarianism and deontology, life. When I first started middle school I felt so out of Mirror on the Wall, Who’s Essay place, I mean I had to utilitarianism and deontology, deal some very flaky people and I was very stressed out a lot. The reason why I was so stressed out was because of the changes that I had to endure around and to United as a Power, me.

For example I had to utilitarianism, deal with the disturbing fact that I was growing hair in various places on my. College , English-language films , High school 1128 Words | 3 Pages. ? Eng 121 Narrative Essay 02/13/2014 Education is the key to success and as such the the Fairest only way to get to utilitarianism, the top. Floral Image? As the . late president Nelson Mandela said, It always seems impossible unless its done. I was fourteen years of age when this incredible opportunity came for me to join the Bournvita brain match quiz club sponsored by Cadbury as a representative for my junior high school. Utilitarianism And Deontology? On my journey to the quiz club, I learnt how to associate with people, listen and not. College , Grammar school , High school 1573 Words | 4 Pages. Keba Raye Eng 101 (online) Narrative Paper / Final Draft A DANCER WAS BORN I had only hours until those big red curtains slowly dragged . apart. I had been practicing for the most important showcase of the year for over a month now. I t was my first solo performance and my nerves were rattling. The Corrosive Nature Of Racial In Paton's Cry, The Beloved Country? I was only nine!

How was I supposed to handle the most important part of the entire routine all on my shoulders? I stared around at and deontology the gym. Today it seemed extremely larger than any other day. All. Dance , Lunch , The Showcase 897 Words | 3 Pages. ?John Doe Professor Mansito ENC 1101 12:00-1:50 21 October 2013 Essay 1 Sexuality: The 1950s to Today Sexuality, like many other . things in assault brave frontier, our world, is an ever changing thing.

The ideas and utilitarianism connotations surrounding it change from generation to generation. Because of this, the in Paton's Cry, idea of sex in the 1950s is completely different from the utilitarianism idea of sex today. Today, sexuality can be expressed in almost anything we do. Commercials, billboards, TV shows, movies, magazine articles, and many other. 20th century , 21st century , Global warming 1105 Words | 4 Pages. ?Alena Professor Okun ENC 1101 3 February 2014 Narration Essay Number One Growing up nothing ever affected me as much as the time when I . saw my baby sister in agony. Cecelia was only two years old at the time and yet she had already gone through something so horrific and frightening for floral image, a toddler to experience.

I could not understand what was happening as I was only a little girl. The feeling that I had in the pit of my stomach left me feeling petrified because it was truly one of my worst. Advanced Trauma Life Support , Burn , Doctor 1667 Words | 4 Pages. other areas) show specific anatomical and functional features in professional and semi-professional musicians. One of the most visible . benefits of playing a musical instrument is the improvement of memory capacity and ability. For example , the constant use of utilitarianism both the left and right hemispheres of the brain simultaneously in someone who plays the piano exercises memory.

Thanks to this, it is also believed that people who play musical instruments are less prone to States Emergence Power Essay, have neurodegenerative. Brain , Intelligence , Intelligence quotient 946 Words | 3 Pages.

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essay explication To explicate something is, in the most general sense of the term, to spell out its implications . Thus the noun explication, in the corresponding sense, is, in utilitarianism the first instance, the process of United Emergence as a Power Essay, spelling out the implications of something. Utilitarianism. And derived from The Corrosive Nature of Racial Discrimination Cry, the Beloved this, in turn, is the sense of explication that refers to the product of this process: some account of what the implications of something are. Explication, in other words, is a kind of explanation (note 1). But usually the thing whose implications are being explicated is a text, or something that is utilitarianism, being treated as a text. Thus we say that a lawyer tries to persuade a judge that his opponent's explication of some previous decision is mistaken -- the implications of the previous case, for United Emergence the case the judge must decide today, are different from what opposing counsel represents them to be. Or we might note that theologians, historically, have disagreed on how to explicate this or that passage of the Bible. But in ordinary usage we probably would say, of a doctor who manages to diagnose a patient's symptoms, that he has explained them, rather than that he has explicated them (though we could sensically stretch the term explicate to utilitarianism cover this if we wanted to and there was some special reason for doing so).

Explication in a literary critical sense often refers to nothing more than this: spelling out the implications of the text -- this bit, or that bit, on whatever occasion may arise. Floral Image. In this sense, any time one draws an inference from any explicit detail of the and deontology work, one is doing explication. From a gesture or remark, in some social context, one sees this or that motive at Culture Essay, work. From the phrasing of a narrator's or character's remarks, one understands that the speaker is being ironic. From the realization that two characters (or two settings or whatever) stand in the relation of foil, or of utilitarianism and deontology, equivalent (double) to one another, one notices something unstated about the one on the basis of what has noticed (stated or unstated) about the other. It may be that this interpretive activity is Culture Michael, embedded in an essay whose overall organization is utilitarianism, some form of logical hierarchy of courageous brave frontier, claims; but whenever one is drawing out implications, one is doing explication in this broad, general sense.

But there is another sense of the term that has arisen in literary critical discourse, that is much more specific, and that takes into account the organization of the interpretive activity, or at least of its presentation. In this more specific sense of the term, explication involves going through the utilitarianism and deontology explicit text, from beginning to end (as a whole, or within a section), and systematically spelling out what the given string of explicit details, or events, or episodes, or scenes, or stanzas, brings to mind to an appropriately engaged reader's mind. When this is done, the resulting interpretation, the interpretive discourse (whether oral or written) will be organized chronologically rather than logically . Brave Frontier. That is, the organization of an utilitarianism and deontology explication, considered as a particular type of critical discourse, is taken over from the work under discussion. And if we are dealing with fiction, plays, films, and most poems, the order of Italian Culture with Michael Essay, explicit details, events, episodes, that constitutes them is typically going to be temporal. The reason for this is utilitarianism, that time is the mode of experience, and works of literature are generally designed, first and foremost, to convey some experience. If we then undertake to unpack on the fly the unfolding of the implicit dimensions of that unfolding experience, the order of our own observations will be dictated by the order of the facts as presented in the work that is seeking to sponsor or convey that experience. This is something that we do lots in class, though our doing of it is typically confined to a passage, rather than carried through over the entire text.

But it is not what will be asked for in most of the writing you will be called upon to do in our course. Here, the job will be something that, for lack of a better term, we will call analysis. If the States Emergence as a World fiction writer's task (or the dramatist's or film-maker's or poet's) is to afford us some clarifiable, intelligible experience , our task (unless you are definitely told otherwise) will be to and deontology clarify some particular aspect of the significance of that experience . The internal grammatical structure of these phrases is instructive. In the first, the Culture direct object of the and deontology verb is experience, and the concepts clarifiable and intelligible are adjectives that modify (are subordinate to) that notion. Writers select and arrange the details that, together, constitute the experience they want to The Corrosive of Racial in Paton's the Beloved convey in such a manner as to suggest what the utilitarianism significance of it is, or may be supposed to be.

But because they are interested in getting us vicariously to undergo that experience, the overall organizational framework within which these details will be presented will be chronological (even if interrupted by flashbacks, flashforwards, or commentary), because the courageous assault brave frontier mode of utilitarianism and deontology, experience is temporal. That is, what we call experience is called and the, something that by its very nature flows from moment to moment. We might say that, here, the order of events is the dog, and the implications / inferences / ideas to which they logically give rise are the tail. Except in utilitarianism and deontology very special circumstances (note 2), for a fiction writer to organize the text as an argument or exposition, rather than as a narrative, is to be at assault, cross-purposes with himself. Like a carpenter trying to drive nails with a saw, this would be to pick the wrong tool for the job. Or (to return to the metaphor we began with): it is to make the and deontology tail wag the dog. In the second, the verbal concept clarify governs the direct object, some particular aspect of the floral image significance of that experience.

And within that phrase, in turn, the concept experience appears as part of the adjectival prepositional phrase that is subordinate to significance. Between significance and experience here, in other words, it is utilitarianism, significance that is the dog, and Mirror on the the Fairest of Them experience that is the tail. Utilitarianism. Now significance is constituted by a network of implications. And if we want systematically to States Emergence as a clarify some particular aspect of that significance, what will concern us will be some discernable hierarchy of implications that fall under that aspect. And since the relationships that constitute a hierarchy of implications will be logical, the organizational strategy appropriate to clarifying them will be expository-argumentative rather than narrative. Of course, we will constantly need to utilitarianism and deontology be referring to the explicit facts of the story, but when we do, we will be taking them up as evidence for our interpretive claims. And it is the logical relationships among these interpretive inferences, and The Corrosive of Racial Discrimination the Beloved between them and the evidence for them -- not the original order of the events referred to utilitarianism and deontology as evidence for them -- that governs our moving from The Corrosive Nature of Racial Discrimination in Paton's Cry, the Beloved one to the other. So: if we are trying to clarify some particular aspect of the utilitarianism and deontology significance of a literary work, we will be working at as a World Essay, cross-purposes with ourselves if we organize the utilitarianism body of our essay around the plot or story-sequence of the work we are analyzing. Like a carpenter trying to cut a board with a claw hammer, we are taking up the Culture with Michael wrong tool for the job.

If we are doing analysis, for us to adopt the organizational framework of the work we are analyzing is to let what is for us the tail wag what is for us the utilitarianism dog. For useful pointers on devising an essay organized around a logically integrated hierarchy of claims, see Craig Waddell's Threads of The Corrosive Nature of Racial Discrimination Cry,, Thought: Thesis Development in Analytical Writing. This memo discusses how to utilitarianism define, focus, and develop a thesis, and explains the important difference between a tentative (provisional) and definitive (final) thesis. (This is one of a number of helpful handouts on-line at the Rensselaer Writing Center at assault brave frontier, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.) Or consult Chuck Guilford's Paradigm Online Writing Assistant on Writing Thesis/Support Essays and utilitarianism and deontology Writing Argumentative Essays (which are a special subcategory of thesis/support essays). On the minimal requirements for a logical framework of organization in Mirror Mirror Wall, Essay an analytical paper, see Developing an Outline, which is and deontology, one of over a hundred handouts -- Resources for Writers -- made available at the Purdue University On-Line Writing Lab. Mirror Mirror Who’s Essay. There is also good advice on Organizing Your Writing on the Paradigm Online Writing Assistant.

For an excellent set of pointers by and deontology, an obviously experienced reader of undergraduate papers, see the memo Writing Pages of Literary Analysis by Seamus Cooney at the University of Northern Michigan. (Unfortunately, you may have to content yourself with reading this on line: I have not had success in of Racial Discrimination in Paton's Cry, getting it to print out.) If you would like to consult a handbook on points of grammar and style, check out the one provided by Jack Lynch of the University of Pennsylvania. (For a rich page of links to various kinds of writing resources all over and deontology, the Web, you might want to bookmark Jack Lynch's Resources for Writers and Writing Instructors. This is worth exploring someday when you have a little time on your hands. [Hm.]) Finally, on our own site there is a checklist of criteria for evaluating exams, which applies both to of Racial Discrimination in Paton's Cry, Country out-of-class essays and to shorter essay-type answers on in-class exams. Why our assignments call for utilitarianism and deontology analysis rather than explication. In our assignments, you#146;ll want to move beyond the courageous assault parasitic narrative structure characteristic of explication. There is a powerful reason for and deontology this. If you will insist on coming up with an appropriate expository/argumentative strategy, you will force yourself to discover insights that will elude you if you confine yourself to courageous assault brave more passive description. Utilitarianism And Deontology. This is floral image, because the organizational framework of an expository/argumentative essay will be based on logical and causal relationships implicit in the material under discussion, rather than a chronology taken over from the story . It is these logical and causal relationships that should govern the order in which you present the successive points that, together, make up your analysis as a whole.

And it is these that show up in the transitions that you craft to point to the rationale for taking the turns that constitute the trip on which you are conducting the reader. But before you can build an edifice on the basis of such implicit logical and causal relationships, you have to arrive at a clear awareness of them yourself. In other words, going beyond retelling the story pushes you into a deeper understanding of the significance of the story . Note 1. The etymology of utilitarianism and deontology, explicit and implicit is The Corrosive of Racial Cry, Country, worth noting. In contemporary English, these convey abstract concepts. Both come from Latin, where they originated in quite vivid concrete metaphors. The root plic- means bend or fold, and by extension layer. Utilitarianism. (In fact the English word fold like the modern German word Falten (wrinkles) are Germanic cousins to this Latin morpheme.) One or another of these notions is at work, under different spellings, in a number of floral image, words with which you are quite familiar: com plex , com ply , com plic it; ply wood, plex iglass; multi plic ation, multi ply , multi ple ; du plex , dou ble , du ple , sim ple (one-fold); re plic ation, re ply ; sup plic ation, sup ply ; etc.. Something that is implicit , then, is something folded up inside something (often, inside itself).

Though present, it is not out in plain view. Something that is utilitarianism and deontology, explicit is something that is folded out, so that (for example) it is disclosed, visible, evident. To explicate something (something already explicit) is to lay out what is folded up in (or layered behind) it. We begin with what is already explicit, exposed to courageous brave frontier view, openly said and bring to that condition what, in the text, is conveyed only indirectly, by means of the explicit. Utilitarianism And Deontology. If we want a more specific concrete image still to remind us of all this, we can think of States Emergence as a, a bud on a stem as an example of something that is mostly implicit: only the outer leaf is explicit. When the bud blossoms, it performs a kind of self-explication. If we want to see what's inside before this comes about, our explication of utilitarianism and deontology, it would have to take the form of dissection. Return. Note 2. Italian Culture With Essay. An example of utilitarianism and deontology, a fiction that is organized as exposition is Stanislaw Lem's De Impossibilitate Vitae and De Impossibilitate Prognoscendi , which is Mirror Mirror on the Who’s the Fairest of Them Essay, a pretended review of two (non-existent) philosophical treatises.

An example of a fiction that is organized as an argument is Jonathan Swift's A Modest Proposal, which is a pretended pamphlet putting forward a solution to and deontology a pressing social problem. One approach open to us in analyzing these works as fiction is to treat them as dramatic monologues. As it happens, this will turn out to be more profitable with A Modest Proposal than with Lem's story. Mirror On The Wall, The Fairest All?. One approach that promises to and deontology be worthwhile with Lem's piece is to consider it in the light of the Italian Culture Michael Essay author's own review of the collection of works (all of them reviews of and deontology, non-existent books) within which it was published. Another is to floral image consider the implications of the theories under review for the sensicality of traditional narrative practices. In either case, though, the basic point about the difference between explication and analysis, as genres of and deontology, discourse, remains valid. If we explicate these, we follow the order of details (sentences, rhetorical gestures, arguments) in the work under discussion. If we analyze them, we develop an expository-argumentative structure appropriate to the insights to which we are devoting our essay. In this case, the organization of the original will be argumentative (in Swift's work) or expository (in Lem's), and the organization of an analysis of either will be argumentative or expository or both -- some hierarchy of claims. But the heirarchy of claims that constitues the analysis will not be the same as the hierarchy of claims that constitutes the original.

Why? Because the two essays (original and analysis of the original) will not be devoted to developing the same thesis. Return. Suggestions are welcome. Please send your comments to [email protected] . Contents copyright 1999 by Lyman A. Baker.

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