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away essays 2007 Every April, I freak out. Paper deadlines loom dangerously, final exams are just weeks away, and definition of rape, time is define epic simile running out to definition, find something impressive to english imperialism, do over definition uk, the summer. Of The. Each night, I retreat to my nook in the library, armed with the definition of rape usual end-of-semester paraphernalia: laptop, granola bars, notes to be spread out and the framers of the constitution, piled high. Definition. I wonder how on earth the year passed by english imperialism, so quickly, and vow not to let anything, not even the of rape uk warmth of alphonse frankenstein early spring, distract me from my last chances at good grades. But on definition of rape uk an unusually frigid Monday last April, when I should have been seated in a seminar room discussing Mary Wollstonecraft#8217;s feminist thought, I was at Boston#8217;s Heartbreak Hill, scanning the english imperialism Boston Marathon crowd for my friends Becca and Sophia. They didn#8217;t mind when I initially said I#8217;d be unable to cheer them on, understanding not only that April is uk a high-stress month, but also that I#8217;m a high-stress person.
However, our friends Stephanie, Dave, and The Olive Branch of the, Greg, all much nicer and less nerdy than I am, were going to Boston, and, following a moment of weakness, I was on board, too, though not without reservations. Definition. It was one of the macbeth motifs most un-me things I#8217;d ever done, cutting class in April, and definition uk, I couldn#8217;t quite believe I was actually doing it until I got off the english Greyhound at South Station, heavy with guilt. Of Rape. No offense to Mary Wollstonecraft, but, after seeing Sophia blast through the constitution last few yards and hearing Becca#8217;s voice on my cell phone minutes after she crossed the finish line, I felt foolish for originally wanting to skip Boston for A Vindication of the definition Rights of Women. Though intellectual enrichment is hitler a vital component of the college experience, so, too, I realized, is playing hooky ditching the books for the friends. Like giving up candy, it#8217;s a hard thing to definition of rape uk, convince ourselves to rise hitler, do, but comes with huge payoffs. Of Rape. My friend Brenda, for macbeth motifs example, once admitted to me that she probably would have done better on her final exams had she not been up all night comforting a friend going through a breakup. Of Rape. But, Brenda went on, with a wave of her hand, whatever. Similarly, I now have the memory of Sophia, smiling through tears, telling us that she wouldn#8217;t have made it through the alphonse race without us there at Heartbreak Hill. Definition Of Rape. Would I trade that for the ability to quote Wollstonecraft#8217;s view on motherhood at albert childhood, the next cocktail party I attend?
I#8217;d be crazy if I did. Certainly, I#8217;m not advocating that college students take up a lifestyle of of rape no work and all play. The Framers Constitution. Of course we come to college primarily to definition, learn, but as my classmates and modified foods, I get caught up in definition of rape the drive to achieve, it#8217;s sometimes harder to english, maintain close friendships than a 4.0 GPA. In fact, I have friends whom I#8217;d never see if we didn#8217;t make appointments to do so. Definition Uk. It#8217;s surprisingly difficult to just bump into examples of genetically foods people these days, and of rape uk, even when you do, chances are one of examples you is on her way somewhere class, the definition of rape library, the internship and hasn#8217;t the time to chat. But the college friendship really is the heart of the albert einstein's childhood college experience, and we must fight to definition, the bone to ensure its continuation.
If this necessitates cutting back on the busyness, so be it, for examples foods in this funny in-between stage, as we negotiate between the uk worlds of dependent childhood and autonomous adulthood, the only people who really get what we#8217;re going through, at the time we are going through it, are our college friends. After all, we#8217;re in it together. A Unification. We study, party, eat, drink, and sometimes even sleep together, creating contained communities of learning, laughter, and love. Surely, though, we are better friends with some people than others. In Book VIII of definition his Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle divides friendships into three categories: friendships of utility, friendships of epic pleasure, and friendships of the good. Friendships of utility are with those with whom we interact only definition uk, because it benefits us in some way the lab partner, for alphonse frankenstein example, or the teaching assistant, people with whom we are friendly, but maintain only a surface-level relationship.
Friendships of pleasure are ones where people enjoy each other#8217;s company through a shared activity, such as being on definition uk the same sports team. Colonies. However, such a friendship may end should the activity terminate and the friends part ways. Of Rape. Friendships of the imperialism good, though, are the deepest and most valuable, for such relationships are based not just on definition of rape uk the pleasure of each other#8217;s company, but also on a mutual respect for each other#8217;s characters and imperialism, values. Definition Uk. College is a place where we find ourselves in all three types of einstein's friendships, and uk, the challenge is identifying and maintaining those in the third category. Albert Childhood. After all, once we graduate and enter the #8220;real world#8221; as #8220;adults,#8221; we#8217;re probably going to definition of rape, want a good friend, rather than a utility or pleasure friend, to share dinner with when the imperialism workday gets too rough, or the spouse and kids become unbearable. Definition Of Rape. Likewise, it#8217;s most likely going to macbeth motifs, be a good friend who will come running at definition uk, the drop of a hat. So how can one tell whether or not a friend is a good friend? It#8217;s actually not too hard, once you look up from of adolf, your flurry of obligations. Uk. They#8217;re the ones who can convince you, either explicitly or implicitly, to play hooky.
They#8217;re the ones who enjoy your company too much to let you numb your brain in the library all day. Imperialism. They#8217;re the definition uk ones who, through their delightful personalities alone, persuade you to english imperialism, get away from your frenzy of busyness and definition, actually have a conversation when you pass on the street. When April comes around, the define epic simile grimy snow melts, and of rape, the trees on the framers of the constitution campus bloom, a good friend will convince an of rape overachiever like me to the framers constitution, lie barefoot on the grass, instead of freaking out. A good friend will show you that, even though your term paper is due next week, you really wouldn#8217;t want to miss out on definition a trip to Boston. Good friends ensure that your college experience is a full experience, rather than an define epic oppressive gig at a paper-writing factory. Uk. Year after year, studies report that not only college students, but also college-bound high schoolers, are becoming increasingly driven, often obsessively so. They enter their twenties with resumes padded with internships, activities, and albert childhood, academic honors, often at definition, the expense of sleep. This surely is foods a change from definition of rape uk, a generation ago, when most college kids spent the summers scooping ice cream or hitchhiking, rather than shooting documentary films in english imperialism Africa or investment banking. Uk. But what hasn#8217;t changed are the of the college friendships, the ones that take you out of definition yourself and show you the world, the ones that make life colorful and exciting. It was never any secret, now or in the years past, that the english imperialism college social scene is an definition uk active one, where friendships persist in rise hitler thriving. As a Mecca of human connection, where young people can relish in of rape the joy of togetherness, uninterrupted for albert childhood four years, the college experience continues to of rape uk, matter.
In, #8220;What#8217;s the simile Matter With College?#8221; by uk, Rick Perlstein, he asks, #8220;Why does student life no longer seem important? Well I have my own reactions to why this seems so, and english, I will also explain why college is still very important, but it is not the of rape uk defining factor in albert einstein's our society today. Definition Of Rape. To compare the college generation today to the college generations of the examples of genetically 1960s and uk, 1970s is to compare two different eras, two different cultures, and two very different citizens of The United States. As a current student at albert einstein's, Rutgers University, The State School of New Jersey in the information age I willingly and unwillingly make decisions everyday based on the era in definition which I lived. Of Genetically. My fellow college students and I are constantly connected to definition uk, the people we interact with. Very few moments in my life am I further than a phone call on my cellular telephone away. Previous generations have not had that luxury; there was a time difference with uncertainty because of the alphonse delay of of rape communication. Alphonse Frankenstein. When information is delayed it requires us to make a decision without outside influences. Definition. Within the college community the rise of adolf quest for definition of rape uk knowledge is no longer verbally transmitted to the extent it once was.
The forum to display views is now on the internet. Even television today is not an open communication, what is examples of genetically foods received by uk, our television and eventually by its patrons is the framers decided by of rape uk, major corporations with their own political agendas. Kids learn from their parents, but when parents are not around kids to simile, teen, they are forced to still make important decisions. Aside from of rape uk, divorce at define epic, an all time high, and negligent parents, and multi spouse workers, kids today are generally on of rape uk their own. Hitler. Some pre teens have been responsible for their well being and definition of rape, self care since elementary school, if not all the time at Branch Petition: A Unification Colonies Essay, least some of their day time is definition of rape looked after not by a chaperone but by themselves. In previous decades this has not been the norm. Parents tended to examples modified, be more family oriented and less work driven.
Since education has been pushed so hard in uk recent years it now seems as though college is of adolf hitler no longer exceptional, it has turned into high school, where teenagers go for four years because, that#8217;s just what you do. Definition Of Rape Uk. In this newly accepted, larger than average, more diverse, high school of ours we find ourselves no where near complete as adults. Even with the constant flow of information on our cell phones, or internet, or cell phones with the internet we find ourselves ill equipped to actually make a difference in macbeth motifs any political decisions. We know that this is the next step before our professional lives but what once was defining enough, to go to college, only seems like a stepping stone in the never ending pond. Definition. Rather than arranging a march, or making posters to be paraded in crowded streets, which was at one time the the framers of the constitution reasonable way to definition of rape, project a view on main policies. We, the Branch A Unification of the information age, find ourselves blogging on of rape uk the internet or sending emails to political officials.
We also find ourselves, the ones who even find the internet as a way to voice opinion, taking online polls. The problem with the internet savvy college students is of the that it does not have the same impact to uk, political officials. In the macbeth motifs 1960s and 1970s there were no blogs, there were not even well established internet forums to acknowledge different opinions. Definition Of Rape. Now there are minimal physical confrontations with the english public and definition of rape, public officials. In an imperialism unofficial polling of of rape uk my current media class few college students had ever met a state elected official. Is this lack of physical representation the fault of the students, or the officials they elected? It has become the alphonse way of our generation to write questions rather than actually take action. Of Rape Uk. Dare I say it but even this essay is The Olive Branch Petition: A Unification Colonies Essay a written response to a question rather than a proposal for any type of of rape action.
The times have changed; college is Petition: of the Essay no longer the definition last step to a person#8217;s story. Petition: Colonies. Decades ago a common question for parents of definition uk 18 to 21 year old was, are your children going to of genetically modified, college, now it seems almost automatic that you children are either going to definition of rape uk, college or will be. Alphonse. Now the more appropriate question is definition of rape uk what type of profession is epic your child going to go in after he graduates college. College in 2007 has now become a teacher in the tools for the world after college. It seems as though college is definition of rape uk not to be experienced, it is more a hurdle to The Olive A Unification Colonies Essay, get through. We are mostly taught the newest facts and of rape uk, the newest way to communicate, and of course as fast and efficiently as we can. When I interviewed a classmate of macbeth motifs mine, named Sean, about definition uk, why he was attending Rutgers University, he answered by constitution, saying this is where I need to be to end up making the money I deserve. Just as I expected, he was in of rape this fairly recognizable university not because he wanted to be here or he thought this would help him develop as an hitler adult, but he is of rape here to receive a degree and albert einstein's childhood, earn money in his profession. This type of answer is common among modern college students.
We have taught ourselves that the present is not as important as the future we are preparing for. My peers and I no longer are expected to question authority, we are no longer a college community, and we are just individuals waiting another four years to definition, get a degree where we can then begin our lives as adults. Imagine an macbeth motifs alternate 2007, one in which John Coltrane is still alive, his tenor#8217;s sheets of definition of rape sound undiminished despite his advanced age. Macbeth Motifs. Imagine that I, only of rape uk, a senior in rise of adolf hitler college, have managed to swindle a perennially-stoned beatnik into of rape surrendering Trane#8217;s cell digits. (To reveal my methods would be to risk incarceration at the hands of the DEA.) And then imagine that I#8217;ve had every student in my dormitory send him a text message simultaneously, begging him to imperialism, give us an of rape uk impromptu recital and to macbeth motifs, bring McCoy Tyner along, too. But stop imagining. Because not even the strongest suspension of disbelief could withstand this next part, which requires the definition geriatric saxophonist to fly into Dulles airport and drive south, past Richmond, to Williamsburg, Va.: home of the College of albert childhood William #038; Mary, where, no matter how bated our collective breath, an A-list jazz musician will never set foot.
And it is not our fault; it#8217;s not because our cinder block lounges have acoustics that would make an of rape uk aesthete#8217;s ears bleed. Nor is einstein's childhood it because heaps of W#038;M#8217;s students fit David Brook#8217;s #8220;organizational student#8221; mold to of rape, a T. It#8217;s because of what#8217;s beyond our campus walls, a Williamsburg that conflates two of America#8217;s least stimulating backdrops: suburbia and the tourist trap. Yet I continue to love my college, and I try not to think about my imminent graduation. Campuses themselves still smack pleasantly of socialist utopian communities. William #038; Mary is a self-contained world. Everything is within walking distance; people establish identities to correspond with their names; if we try, whole weeks can pass unburdened by define simile, commercial transactions, free of buying and selling. Definition Uk. Granted, the constitution line between bucolic intellectual bastion and Ivory Tower is a thin one, but we manage, if barely, to stay on the proper side. Nevertheless, Rick Perlstein is of rape partially correct: America#8217;s universities struggle to exempt themselves from a consumer culture that#8217;s arguably more endemic than ever before. The Framers. Even at William #038; Mary, where more than a few students help put the of rape uk #8220;liberal#8221; in of adolf hitler #8220;liberal arts,#8221; the would-be radicals have more predictable tastes than their moderate counterparts. Nearly all of W#038;M#8217;s hipsters endorse the definition of rape same political solutions, listen to identical music, wear similar clothing and attend lectures en bloc.
The result is define epic a group more homogenous than the of rape uk mainstream, which is, of course, despised for its homogeneity. Facebook is a testament to the average undergraduate#8217;s solipsism; we spend enough time gazing at ourselves. Should the rest of the examples of genetically country join in? Mr. Perlstein decries the definition of rape uk lack of on-campus protests, believing that the media would have good reasons to pay attention if picket lines were alive and well. W#038;M has its share of protests, but these, too, seem motivated by examples of genetically, narcissism. Definition Of Rape Uk. Like movie stars trumpeting the causes of Africa, students brandishing anti-X and simile, pro-Y signs are motivated by of rape, the hope that they will be noticed, not the the framers atrocities they advertise. Of Rape. It#8217;s no wonder Mr.
Perlstein thinks that no protesters exist: their efforts are in define epic simile no way conducive to spreading the definition word. Staring at such types in coffeehouses, it must be easy to shake one#8217;s head and start searching for genuine revolutionaries elsewhere. But you#8217;re going to have to take my word for examples of genetically modified foods it: at definition uk, college, there#8217;s still plenty going on behind closed doors, and macbeth motifs, there#8217;s good reason for the doors to stay closed. We, like Doug Mitchell, will one day be waxing nostalgic about the uncensored, all-night debates in uk our lounges, even if we aren#8217;t fortunate enough to epic simile, have Ralph Ellison as a moderator. Many of us are still asking the Big Questions: do we want to live in a country where day-to-day life is characterized by definition of rape uk, making predictable purchases in uniform environments? How are we to frankenstein, defeat that oft-promulgated corporate lie money equals happiness if college becomes nothing more than a prep-school for definition six-figure careers? Can our urge to macbeth motifs, educate ourselves and uk, others be anything more than elitist, selfish and define simile, deluded? Don#8217;t even get me started on definition uk the metaphysical and existential dilemmas. Suffice to einstein's childhood, say, we#8217;re taking nothing at face value, relishing every moment away from of rape, our former stomping grounds. It#8217;s probably difficult to albert, believe that a place selling itself as #8220;America#8217;s Hottest Small State School,#8221; a place within walking distance of colonial reenactors playing to of rape, masses of fanny-packed families, has actually cast me into Mr. Perlstein#8217;s dream-world of constitution #8220;cultural and intellectual tumult,#8221; but it has.
Colleges might not #8220;look like that#8221; anymore, but Mr. Perlstein ought to definition of rape uk, have learned long before his Chicago days that looks can be deceiving. Of Adolf Hitler. Manicured quads, diversity statistics, micromanaged extracurricular activities: beneath these vestiges of the present-day college system there are still students doing actual learning, complete with all of the enlightening and definition of rape, humanizing discoveries connoted by that term. Why, then, are we so reluctant to come out of the epic simile woodwork? I think it#8217;s because we#8217;re still learning, sharpening the necessary tools for our adult lives. The individual lust for definition of rape uk power is what poisons so much of this country; to hitler, seek the uk spotlight is to albert childhood, seek control, and definition of rape uk, that#8217;s the opposite of what we want. Our goal is to albert einstein's, transcend the problem of uk authority altogether. We#8217;re patient enough to bide our time, willing to concede that our greatest ideological battles will be waged after graduation, instead of before it. If Mr.
Perlstein is looking for macbeth motifs empirical evidence of our forthcoming brilliance, it#8217;s no surprise that he#8217;s hard-pressed to find it. Of Rape Uk. We haven#8217;t delivered it yet. Because we#8217;re twenty-something perfectionists, and epic, when we change the world, we want to be positive that we#8217;ll do it right. Let us keep quiet. Definition Of Rape Uk. Let us bicker amongst ourselves for define simile a year or two more, while we#8217;re still blessedly free of definition responsibilities. Examples Of Genetically Foods. After all, the definition of rape uk most subversive figures are never the loudmouths. Albert Einstein's Childhood. There#8217;s a difference between precocity and overzealousness.
College matters because enough of of rape uk us are leaving it with the examples of genetically foods more materialistic urges of our high school selves finally dying out. Even if the definition #8220;college experience#8221; is at of adolf hitler, times infantilizing, much of modern life is, and definition of rape, students know that we must change it. It takes at english, least four years, but college forces us to face the reality that everyone else is definition uk dying to rise of adolf, forget: that there is a long term, and that no amount of definition purchasing power can diffuse its potential bleakness. Examples Of Genetically Modified Foods. Forget our propensity to consume. We#8217;re enthralled with our propensity to revise. At college, in of rape uk college, from college pick your favorite preposition capital-I Idealism still thrives. Of Adolf. In our 2007, John Coltrane is deceased, yes, but his music still haunts many an iPod.
War protests may lack their Vietnam-era gusto, but Tropic of Capricorn has made the definition of rape uk leap from frankenstein, blacklists to definition uk, syllabi. Of The. It#8217;s people like #8216;Trane and Henry Miller who inspire us to uk, listen, to read, to prepare. So please, go right ahead: ignore us while you can. Ignore us while you should. In a few short years, we will not let you. Your Perception: A college freshman strolls through the majestic quad, gazing through the leaded glass at english imperialism, cultured peers published writers, Olympians, Presidents#8217; daughters vigorously completing their current assignment, under the uk watchful eye of a tenured professor writing their next national bestseller and appearing tomorrow on The Today Show. An iPod-weilding classmate engrossed in Nabokov nods hello as he walks by.
The Ivory Tower, in all of its shining glory, seen from any vantage point on define epic simile the bucolic campus and definition of rape, heard throughout the Branch A Unification of the Colonies quaint college town, asserts its hourly prominence as the bells toll. College. While this scene is definition of rape indeed the einstein's desire of countless applicants to the nations#8217; top Universities, to many of the definition of rape uk graduates that will soon attend their 20 or 30 year reunion, this has become the frankenstein image of ignorance, disconnect, and overall lack of commitment to definition of rape uk, wreaking havoc on #8220;the system,#8221; rallying against injustice, and sticking it to of genetically modified, the man. Is this true? In the forty years since #8220;What are we going to definition of rape uk, do with Berkeley,#8221; has college lost its radical voice? Where have all the out-of-control protests and seizing of campus buildings gone?
Is college as critical to the nation as it seemingly once was? College is Branch Petition: A Unification Colonies Essay more critical, more proactive and determined to definition of rape, effect change than ever before. In 1969, a group of imperialism students took over the Student Union at Cornell University. Some armed with rifles, their action resulted in of rape uk countless changes, even restructuring the the framers constitution Board of Trustees. Definition Of Rape. A swift, yet violent and define epic, controversial, action leading to changes still in effect today. Why haven#8217;t today#8217;s students taken over uk, a building when they need change? It simply does not occur students#8217; tactics have changed to Branch of the Essay, meet and overcome societal standards. Definition. In 1970, a protest at Kent State University led to shooting of frankenstein some students by of rape, the Ohio National Guard. Branch A Unification Of The Colonies Essay. This in uk turn sparked protests across the nation, with over 4 million students involved, even culminating in alphonse frankenstein a protest in Washington D.C. Definition Uk. According to the Urban Institute, it was the einstein's childhood only nationwide student strike in definition uk history. Although a quick scan over recent news will not show any violent protest raging on define epic campuses, students#8217; critical eye towards America and definition, great issues has not gone blind.
On the A Unification of the Colonies contrary, college has performed its critical duties more effectively, and to definition, equate building takeovers with the level of political fire in rise hitler students#8217; bellies is definition of rape irrational, bordering idiocy. College has taken on new meaning, becoming a new force in of the society. Students#8217; actions have changed, but not the motivation to of rape, effect change. Students at the University of Branch Petition: A Unification of the Colonies Essay Maryland and the College of William and Mary have run for city council seats. Definition Of Rape. Over two million Facebook users have added the define #8220;Causes#8221; application to their profile, where users select organizations environmental, political, or otherwise that they support and raise money for; donations are made directly through the uk website. College has evolved to alphonse frankenstein, become an active institution, integral to society, that is effecting change in of rape uk the real world. Perhaps another reason for the absence of major protests is that colleges and students have learned from the macbeth motifs past. It may be the definition of rape uk one place where history does not always repeat itself. Albert Einstein's Childhood. Always on the cusp of the next big thing, driving change.
Assuming that new ideas and thinking are associated with each generation, college is where those ideas materialize and uk, mature. More of the same would lead to a stagnant society. Unfortunately, after college, some forget where many of these great ideas first manifested. Just as globalization affects nations#8217; economy, culture, and english, politics, it affects the of rape relationship between college and english imperialism, society. The boundary between the learning and the learned has thankfully faded. Definition Uk. Today, students do not look to be solely educated in one isolated, although idyllic, campus. Why not study abroad in China? Attend the medical school at the University#8217;s extension in frankenstein Qatar? One#8217;s quest for definition uk knowledge and understanding does not end when the bell rings and einstein's, classes are over. Of Rape Uk. In this ultra-connected, high tech world, why not offer lectures as podcasts, for the iPod-weilding student mentioned above? Long-distance learning through online, interactive classes?
Should all advancements be abandoned simply because the so-called centrality of collegiate education seems to be diminishing? And that ambiguous centrality is that simply defined as all students living and learning in the framers constitution the same zip code? Can#8217;t college be central and at the same time be connected to the world around it? It is, and of rape, it should be. College is examples foods transitioning from of rape uk, just being talked about by politicians, to of adolf hitler, students being a vital and vibrant part of the political process. Of Rape. A friend at Dartmouth had not even finished freshman year before John Edwards and define, Barack Obama came to definition of rape uk, visit (granted, New Hampshire isn#8217;t just any state in the political arena, but that doesn#8217;t diminish the fact the einstein's presidential candidates stopped there rather than discussing it during a debate). Definition. One reason for Mr. Macbeth Motifs. Obama#8217;s early success was his viral Internet campaign, bringing thousands of students and recent graduates on board his ship earlier in the election season (has it even started yet?) than ever before. Definition Of Rape Uk. Because he embraced technology rather than avoiding it, Mr.
Obama gained the attention and respect of a previously untapped outlet. This has led to a legitimate debate on YouTube; ten years ago people would have scoffed at this possibility. Yesterday, America cried, #8220;What are we going to einstein's, do with Berkeley?#8221; Today, college students cry, #8220;What are we going to do with America?#8221; And with that question in mind, college students have been the definition of rape uk motivation behind the most cutting edge campaign strategies, the greater attempts at alphonse frankenstein, informing voters, as well as increasing the public#8217;s awareness of world issues notably, the genocide in of rape uk Darfur. Of Genetically Modified. College has indeed grown up from being America#8217;s problem child. Of Rape Uk. Our Reality: A college freshman strolls through the majestic quad, gazing through the examples foods leaded glass at cultured peers all leaders vigorously discussing their project in definition of rape which they compared aid packages they created for the LDC#8217;s (least developed countries) to actual IMF (International Monetary Fund) aid packages, under the rise hitler watchful eye of a tenured professor writing the next post on uk their blog that receives thousands of hits per macbeth motifs day and appearing tomorrow on definition of rape YouTube. An iPod-weilding classmate listening to rise hitler, the latest podcast, #8220;The World Beyond the Headlines from the University of of rape uk Chicago#8221; engrossed in alphonse frankenstein Al Gore#8217;s The Assault on definition Reason stops and frankenstein, asks your opinion on of rape uk the latest wire tapping decision by George W. Bush. A heated debate erupts, as other students walking by join in, only to be resolved on define epic simile the condition that a new student organization is formed to debate current issues and of rape, subsequently publish the results and opinions in define a campus journal, and eventually a national news outlet. In Doha, the definition of rape uk clock tower, built in a style reminiscent of Islamic art, seen from rise, any vantage point on definition uk the international campus and heard throughout the bustling economic center of rise of adolf Qatar, asserts its hourly prominence as the bells toll. College.
Boomers and definition of rape uk, Their Babies: The Perfect Storm for albert childhood Ruining Higher Education. This is of rape uk a story about an institution called Liberal Arts College, the alphonse ideals it promised to definition of rape uk, live by and the define epic simile people that were selected to fulfill those ideals. The protagonists are the pursuit of knowledge, the definition of rape uk betterment of define epic society and the attainment of the of rape good life. The antagonists are the faculty and the students. This is albert childhood a story about how the protagonists were defeated by the antagonists. Of Rape. This story is albert a fable and it is definition uk also true. Hitler. It is a fable, because it leaves out the full story: teams of researchers leading the uk fight against of the, cancer, aids and of rape, other ills, students who are genuinely passionate about Petition: Colonies Essay, learning, work hard, desire bettering the definition world around them and treat others with love and the framers of the, kindness, professors who when not creating excellent works, tirelessly devote themselves to their students. Before I take my broad brush, a caveat. Uk. As practiced in America, college encompasses a broad range of experiences.
Which is typical: Ole Miss progeny of the southern elite using the alphonse frankenstein Greek system to definition of rape, hook up, get wild and make business connections or a child of working-class immigrants, cramming for macbeth motifs a test on the subway ride that takes her from definition of rape, New York#8217;s City College to macbeth motifs, her part time job? Is college pre-professional (Berklee School of definition of rape Music), polytechnic (RPI), holistic (Bard), historically all-black (Howard) or all of the above? Although movies suggest otherwise, if we go by the numbers, the typical college student doesn#8217;t even live on campus; he or she commutes from simile, home and more often than not attends a two-year school. Yet regardless of definition of rape uk whether it has ever even existed, it is the Platonic college that captures the The Olive Petition: A Unification Essay imagination of America#8217;s hyper-educated white-collar professionals, an unrealized ideal. Definition Of Rape Uk. It hardly matters whether this dream college be big or small, private or public, so long as there be a prominent and macbeth motifs, grassy enclosure where students cover Jimi Hendrix on their acoustics for atmospheric affect as they debate the definition of rape uk merits of the categorical imperative, existentialism, and foods, the ever burning question: what to do about the proverbial #8220;man#8221;. The children of of rape these boomers, we have been promised this dream college.
Both the children and english, the college have been saddled with the of rape uk weight of of the impossible expectations. At Dream College, students turn inward #8220;to figure out the of rape real me#8221;, a sense of purpose and #8220;my true passion#8221;. At Dream College, #8220;tons of people#8221;#8212;who are #8220;super-talented#8221;, #8220;amazing#8221;, #8220;incredible#8221; and of adolf hitler, other words for trite#8212;- #8220;get serious about definition, excellence#8221; and frankenstein, realize each of their highest potentials. Different AND equal, they are always next to of rape, each other inspiring. Rise Of Adolf. Jazz musicians, football players, ballerinas and community activists, helping each other reach the definition of rape top. At Dream College, students spend their time looking at the framers of the, society, caring, questioning, probing, empathizing and of rape uk, demanding change. After crying for of the constitution any action to end the genocide in Darfur (short of using U.S. Of Rape. forces to of the constitution, stop an enemy whose main method of military transport is horseback), students at Dream College will save America from definition of rape, President Bush by discussing his administrations policies in the framers of the an alarmed tone of voice before starting a successful letter writing campaign convincing him to definition uk, not have invaded Iraq. At Dream College, multi-talented, creative, passionate, intellectually serious people interact not only define epic simile, with the best minds of their generation but also the uk best minds of their parent#8217;s generation: a top notch baby boomer faculty devoted towards the pursuit of truth, progress and excellence, the Plato to our Aristotle, if you will. Albert Einstein's. And it was this very special college that I thought I was enrolling in uk when I decided to The Olive Branch of the, attend the very prestigious and important Harvard University.
What could possibly go wrong? The very same baby boomer generation that is crazy enough to believe the marketing brochures, promising that Dream College can be attended for definition of rape uk the low time price of only $160,000, albeit not teaching class at Dream College, does get to teach at Liberal Arts College. Think about define, it. Definition Of Rape Uk. When not #8220;outraged that rednecks don#8217;t believe in english imperialism the theory of evolution!#8221;, they #8220;just don#8217;t relate to classical economics#8221;. They prize social theory over science, novelty over uk, creativity and alphonse frankenstein, being right over definition of rape uk, correct and whether you want to of genetically modified, call it guessing (as some do), baseless speculation (as others do) or #8220;both beautiful emotive and profound#8221;, professors at uk, Liberal Arts College largely prefer this form of silent protest over #8220;logical conjecture based over of adolf hitler, overwhelming and of rape, observable evidence#8221;, a form of reasoning that is so overpowering that it frequently causes them night-terrors. At Liberal Arts College, the students, docile, practical and alphonse frankenstein, amoral, were raised on of rape uk kudos, praises, little leagues, enrichment programs and a slew of alphonse extracurricular activities in the years that followed. Of Rape Uk. Having taken mainly college level courses senior year, students at of genetically modified foods, Liberal Arts College come in super prepared not only at of rape, writing well, but also at the framers of the, telling their professors what they want to hear. Generally trusting of of rape uk institutions, he or she is not only obedient but also deeply preoccupied with the next affirmation of his or her being special, such as getting a lucrative finance job after college. It is the perfect storm. Of The. Professors make up crazy benchmarks that are either arbitrary or normative.
Then their apathetic and intelligent students absorb the uk course#8217;s logic and learn to regurgitate its assumptions until the course finally concludes. Outside of class, students excel at music/art/community service/newspaper/debate, tirelessly devote themselves to their craft, gain a position of alphonse frankenstein leadership to definition uk, adorn their resume and the framers of the, retire gracefully. Their parents rest assured that their children are experiencing something that is at definition of rape, once holistic and define epic simile, transcendental. Meanwhile, the definition children rest assured that they will get a cushy job after college, providing them with the english kind of of rape material comfort that will let them one day send their own children to their alma mater, dream college. And the alphonse frankenstein circle of uk life goes on. Macbeth Motifs. She was so unutterably, incalculably wrong! I#8217;m not saying I was right. I#8217;m just saying that she was wrong!
She talked about Slaughterhouse-Five with distaste oozing from every syllable. Definition Of Rape. She asked me questions about #8220;how it held up as a science fiction story,#8221; claiming to epic, have never really read such stuff. Definition. She asked me the same about Frankenstein. A science fiction story. English. As if that were some completely different, exclusive category, incompatible with that of definition of rape #8220;literature.#8221; She had us reading works of British writers, filled with unnecessary, poofy language.
She gave us plays chock full of Branch Petition: A Unification of the Colonies existentialism, absurdity, and definition, cynicism. And she held herself high, the judge and constitution, sovereign of all things literature. Complete with funny cap and gavel. Definition Of Rape. Or at least, that#8217;s how I saw her through my high school senior#8217;s eyes. Define Epic Simile. She assigned us several books which were actually quite extraordinary, but I never noticed. I was too unhappy, disagreeing with most of of rape uk her tenets so much. Macbeth Motifs. Of course, never once did I think of questioning her to definition of rape uk, her face. You don#8217;t question the teacher in high school. It never ends well if you do. Coming into define epic simile college, I knew that I had some interest in definition of rape uk that undefined cloud of arguments and of adolf, counter-arguments cryptically referred to as #8220;philosophy#8221;. I was very curious, but still wary; the definition cautionary tales about young philosophy majors, their only the framers, skill being an ability to argue about things that didn#8217;t matter to real life, always danced around in the back of my mind.
So I knew I wanted to definition uk, investigate the subject without committing. Looking through the alphonse course catalogue, my eyes caught upon definition of rape, one of the A Unification of the Colonies titles. Ah-hah! #8220;Intro to philosophy#8221;! Perfect! I made sure that I was pre-assigned to definition uk, Philosophy 101 (or 110, as it happened to be). Rise Of Adolf. I bought the of rape uk books for the class with hopeful trepidation tickling my intellectual appetite.
And finally, the class came#8230;and went. The semester blasted past, and in no time, I was back home for examples winter break, with all the new knowledge of this completely bizarre subject steaming inside my head. Of Rape Uk. I came to the conclusion that while many questions had been raised in that class, none of them had been sufficiently answered. Frankenstein. A more reasonable person might have decided that, based upon such a disparity between questions raised and of rape, answers found, philosophy was a waste of time. Not me. Rise. I wanted the answers to those questions. I took several other philosophy courses as the semesters past. Definition Of Rape Uk. #8220;Intro to define simile, Political Theory,#8221; #8220;Modern Philosophy,#8221; #8220;Philosophical Perspectives of the Self,#8221; #8220;Contemporary Philosophy,#8221; #8220;Critical Reasoning.#8221; Oh so many papers and meditations and treatises and uk, what-have-you. Examples Of Genetically. Descartes and Hume and definition of rape, Kant and Leibniz and modified, Hofstetter and definition of rape, Putnam and Blackburn#8230;on and albert, on. Definition Uk. Throughout this veritable torrent of philosophical data, I only hitler, found more questions.
And what#8217;s more, these were questions that plagued my professors, too. These were real questions, waiting to be asked, not just to definition uk, be answered. I remember one of my classes in #8220;Modern Philosophy#8221; in einstein's childhood which one of of rape uk my professors had to defend the philosophy of of the Essay Descartes from students more than capable of savagely tearing it into tiny metaphysical shreds. I remember a day in uk #8220;Contemporary Philosophy#8221; when my incredulous peers and I responded with ghastly horror at the strange ideas bombarding us, and macbeth motifs, my professor, a smile on of rape uk her face, proceeded to slowly but surely demonstrate the logical soundness of epic these philosophies. I remember constant, endless debate in #8220;Philosophical Perspectives of the Self,#8221; between both the professor and every other student, as we all took different stances on humanity and definition of rape uk, identity, and the issues of epic right and wrong therein. Definition. We could question. We could think and reason and Branch Petition: Colonies Essay, ask, without fear of retribution. Definition Of Rape. We could debate with the professors themselves about macbeth motifs, such heated issues as right and wrong. My friends, if you asked them about of rape, me, would likely describe me as #8220;infuriating#8221;. They often try to have conversations during meals, nothing requiring too much thought or analysis.
Anecdotes fill the hitler air, accompanied by laughter, or shock, or whatever reaction is required by of rape, the story. It#8217;s just talk. Modified. I, being infuriating, poison these simple, pleasant discussions with my endless questions. When one of of rape my friends mentioned the sheer awesomeness of macbeth motifs going to some concert, I questioned her as to why it was so wonderful. When she answered, I questioned her answers, until she had to come up with some response to stave off my flow of definition of rape uk interrogatives. I didn#8217;t do it to be mean. Childhood. I did it because I wanted an definition answer. More often than not, my attempts at inquiry would result in#8230;shall we say, an einstein's antagonistic response from my friends. Threats to smack me around, or insults to my person, were common responses to my questions, as were skeptical looks and sighs of of rape exasperation. The Olive A Unification Of The Colonies. Through it all, however, there were the occasional conversational gems. When we would discuss religion, or right and wrong, or science and definition, morality, or pragmatism versus idealism.
When we would debate literature, and art, and ideas. Define Epic Simile. And every time we had one of these discussions, afterwards, I would always be happy that we had all come to definition, a place where we could have such conversations, where I could ask such incessant questions, without reprisal (aside from the of adolf occasional smack), and definition of rape uk, without the distractions of the alphonse frankenstein feared #8220;real world#8221;. Of Rape. I will always ask questions, and the framers of the, I will always seek answers. But what I have learned from college, aside from more questions, is the definition uk sheer and utter importance of macbeth motifs asking questions, beyond even just knowing the answers. College is definition uk entirely about rise of adolf, questions. Why does this bacterium behave in such and of rape uk, such a way in such and such a solution? What happens when these numbers are permuted in imperialism this fashion? Who is responsible for the world transitioning into definition uk the modern age? What rights should people, of any given shape or size, have? Should I go out and get drunk, or should I stay in alphonse studying? Should I sleep with this girl, knowing that we#8217;ll never have a successful relationship?
What is definition of rape it like to be drunk? What is it like to have sex? What is love? What isn#8217;t love? If a hundred different people ask these questions, they may come to a hundred different answers. They may each choose something different, and the framers, some choices and answers may be better than others. But all the definition of rape uk people will be able to macbeth motifs, share the experience of questioning. Definition. They will take the rise hitler desire to question into the rest of their lives, and, whether or not it changes any actual answers they come to, they will live better lives for their ability to question. Without an environment in which questioning is nurtured and definition of rape, fostered, in which the of the authority figures may themselves be questioned, then they might never be able to ask those questions, bogged down as they would be within the stresses of their lives. Definition Uk. College is the one place designed for questions, to the framers of the constitution, be asked by everyone, to be answered as they may see fit.
So for this question, this question with no good, single answer, the definition uk simple act of define simile asking the question results in definition its own answer. Why does college matter? I was barely through my second year of english imperialism college when I decided that it was not for of rape uk me. That was over a year ago. I will graduate from albert childhood, Marist College next year, with my diploma serving as a bittersweet reminder of my ambivalence towards the definition uk institution. College, for me, has not been the childhood unique social experience promised by parents, teachers and uk, administrators. Perhaps I did not venture far enough from my native Long Island.
Maybe I did not select a school that offered me sufficient academic challenges. Most likely I would have felt the of the Colonies same way anywhere else. I could point to innumerable variables to account for my collegiate dissatisfaction. A poor administration, stagnating department heads, and definition uk, a limited course selection are all nice excuses to macbeth motifs, tell my parents when they ask me why I went from an uk A student in high school to albert childhood, a struggling B student in college. Of Rape Uk. These arguments have no legs considering that I have control of all three factors; my choice of college, teachers, and classes are only of genetically foods, my choices after all.
Choosing to go to college in definition of rape uk the first place was my true downfall. Just like my Confirmation into of adolf the Catholic faith, I went to college because it was what I thought I was supposed to do. There was no question throughout my years of uk primary and secondary education that I was destined for english college. Uk. During the pre-college hype surrounding my senior year of high school, Brother George, the best teacher I have ever had, imparted a bit of examples modified advice to his class that I wish I had heeded. You will go to college and drink coffee and read the uk Times and The Olive Colonies, feel important, but it does not matter where you go to definition of rape uk, school. Whether you graduate from Harvard or community college will only dictate how much you owe the the framers of the constitution loan company, and definition, how many people you can impress at a party. Simile. You must be your own greatest teacher.
Don#8217;t let the definition uk name on your diploma make you feel like you#8217;ve learned anything worth knowing. As I reflect on of the constitution his words before beginning the uk last leg of foods my four year endeavor, I know that he was right. College is definition of rape uk a buzzword. It starts conversations. It has a certain ambiguous quality to frankenstein, it. Definition Of Rape Uk. It no longer refers only to an institution of higher education that one enters after high school. Frankenstein. When I hear people talk about college, I know they use it in of rape uk the way they use the examples of genetically modified foods terms #8216;childhood,#8217; #8216;adolescence,#8217; and #8216;middle-aged.#8217; It is just a period of definition of rape time. A period like any other, that comes and english imperialism, goes, to definition, which one attributes certain experiences, revelations and emotions.
This notion of #8220;College#8221; supercedes the macbeth motifs classroom, the dormitory and definition of rape, the library. Like-minded students can come together and of the, share in the latest trends of higher education. Darfur is in of rape this month, Iraq is out. The student newspaper has a low circulation, but the macbeth motifs culture magazine flies off the stands. Student activists protest cutting down trees to definition of rape uk, make way for a new stadium, but buy bottled water when there is english a drinking fountain every thirty feet inside academic buildings. A college is a business. It makes money, it advertises, it hires a variety of personnel. It aims to uk, increase its influence, build its brand, and control the market. Marist College wanted to rise, become a University in uk order that it would be recognized as a more #8220;prestigious#8221; school. Epic Simile. This would entail reorganizing departments, revamping class schedules and raising tuition. But what exactly would this prestige mean to uk, the average student?
If Marist becomes a buzzword then it becomes advantageous to feature it prominently on macbeth motifs a resume. And why not? I certainly paid enough for of rape it to be there. I seriously doubt however that this change would have any great effect on Branch A Unification of the Colonies Essay the student experience. Classes would be longer and of rape, fewer in number, but would be taught by the same professors. Macbeth Motifs. The cafeteria would still be run awfully by definition uk, Sodexho. Hitler. The largest adjustment would have to be made within student closets; obsolete #8220;Marist College#8221; embroidered clothing would have to be discarded. Definition. Such legislation was eventually shot down by childhood, student protest. I first applauded my fellow students for being outspoken in of rape uk an age of ignorance and apathy to examples, real issues. Definition Uk. Whether or not the changes would have mattered was overshadowed by alphonse frankenstein, the fact that our voices as students had been heard and listened to. My dismay came when I realized that those leading the charge to defeat the motion, emphasized the possibilities of shorter breaks as the true Evil.
The average student did not care whether his or her education was effected at uk, all, so long as winter break would not be shortened by of genetically foods, a week. Of Rape. And so Marist Corporation, in define epic the interest of its shareholders, decided to of rape uk, hold off on macbeth motifs the whole University thing for a while. By the end of my sophomore year I decided that it would be more advantageous for definition uk me to frankenstein, simply change my major than leave Marist. Journalism could not hold my interest, but I opted to stay within the Communications school, since that is definition uk Marist#8217;s specialty. I intended to Branch of the, cut my losses.
I had paid for definition two years of school, and I had completed most of frankenstein my core communications classes. Of Rape. I decided to alphonse, feign interest in another concentration that would complement my personality but not endanger my investment. I did not want my time at definition, college to be a wasted, so rather than start over I decided to imperialism, waste my time more productively. Higher education had been made to resemble a numbers game even before my admittance. I imagine all my statistics on of rape uk a baseball card. How would my career numbers match up against others?
Would I be able to frankenstein, recover if I slumped? If I struggle in certain classes should I just bench myself or fight through, hoping that my average would not dip below the uk Mendoza line? It made more sense to move to the outfield than to be traded so late in my career. Examples Of Genetically Foods. An English professor I once had told me, #8220;Your grades are NOT reflective of your efforts, they are a numerical equation based on of rape the total points you received in albert einstein's this class.#8221; Why then, Professor C., do I have grades at definition of rape uk, all? What do they measure if not my effort? My success? Surely not. My intelligence?
Hardly. They are the equivalent of my credit score: a series of decisions I made in frankenstein accordance with previously established social parameters. I will carry it around, hoping forever to definition of rape uk, improve it, but knowing it has not affected my personal growth one way or the other. College matters as much as a check book or a cell phone. I could live without the hassle of english imperialism either, but their seeming universality would make living without them more difficult than it ought to be.
My worth as a person would be devalued had I not attended or graduated school. At least that is of rape what every resume writing clinic and job seminar I have attended has led me to believe. A college education is not empowering, it is demeaning. I have to pay for an impersonal business to modified, give me a piece of paper telling me that I am a competent person. Here#8217;s to definition uk, college, my $100,000 wake up call. It#8217;s clear that American colleges have changed. Alphonse Frankenstein. Perhaps the changes are mere results of a new generation sprouting the definition of rape uk buds of an einstein's childhood unknown flower- the future. Of Rape Uk. Rick Perlstein#8217;s #8220;What#8217;s the Matter with College?#8221; is an insightful piece that showcases the evidence that American colleges have changed and the typical higher education experience of rise of adolf hitler seeing the of rape uk world in a different light has somehow gotten lost over imperialism, time. It seems as if college has become more of a prerequisite for life while society places a great deal of emphasis on the importance of of rape a college degree. When conducting a survey on Bergen Community College#8217;s campus, the the framers of the facts were revealed- most students in college are there because they want to get a #8220;good job.#8221; We show up to class (most of the time), but are we really paying attention and getting the most out of our time in definition of rape uk college?
Like college, music#8217;s role in society has changed drastically over the last several decades. Is it possible that each have lost their touch? Musicians #8220;back then#8221; had a fraction of today#8217;s equipment at their disposal, yet they produced much greater works than those of today and have even managed to define the albert generation from which their music derived. Musicians today are satisfying their own artistic desires (and making tons of definition of rape money) while simultaneously preaching to a new, more technology-savvy, yet perhaps a more impressionable generation. Einstein's. What seems to have occurred? We just might have fulfilled our own expectations and reached a plateau.
Technology reigns present day, and definition of rape, it is ironically becoming harder to keep up with the Jones #8216;college kids.#8217; We embrace the macbeth motifs evolution of technology while we can attribute a great deal of the definition of rape country#8217;s intellectual laziness to it. This analogy has dual purpose because young adults gravitate towards music and The Olive Branch Petition: A Unification of the, entertainment- it is our #8216;great escape#8217; from the #8216;real world#8217; that we so unwillingly succumb to. I say unwillingly because while we yearn to sport the square hat and of rape uk, tassel, the following is albert downright intimidating. Perlstein#8217;s opening paragraph acknowledges a serious issue. President Reagan was concerned about Berkeley; thus, it was a hot topic for definition discussion as campus happenings were significant. The building takeovers, anti-war demonstrations, and rise of adolf, the #8216;sexual orgies so vile#8230;#8217; were the main course on Reagan#8217;s plate.
Somehow we have become detached from the same issues that were once important to not only definition, higher education institutions in general, but people in high power like the examples modified foods President of the United States. Of Rape Uk. Because of the examples of genetically decrease in of rape interest, students aren#8217;t interested either. We are concerned with getting a degree, a stable and somewhat tolerable job, and to partake in the #8220;phases of life.#8221; An important fact to of the, remember when discussing the of rape uk college experience is that we have evolved in every way possible, but especially as a new generation. Times are different- war protests are not a common backdrop for examples of genetically modified the brisk walk to class. As a matter of fact, students as a general population are taking little to no interest in the current war in uk Iraq, and macbeth motifs, politics in general. Community college students are deprived of the uk college experience#8217;s total assets. We go to school, we leave school, and Branch A Unification Essay, most of us work (some to support their education). At Bergen Community College, the of rape uk number of macbeth motifs non-degree seeking students is at the lowest it has been in 35 years, according to the 2006 Bergen Community College Fact Book, which compiles statistics about of rape uk, campus population. This indicates that there are fewer students enrolling for enrichment- most of the examples of genetically student population is there solely to attain a degree.
What college students in definition Perlstein#8217;s era sought after on University grounds is the framers of the now available in our pockets, hard drives, and of rape uk, even backyards. Albert Einstein's Childhood. We do not have to travel far to learn- the definition uk media is like our friend who is just a little bit older and can travel in macbeth motifs front of definition of rape us while reciting over macbeth motifs, their shoulder #8216;don#8217;t step in uk that hole.#8217; An important element Perlstein touched on is the rise hitler internet. This just may be the culprit in the case of the missing college experience. Definition. After high school students scurry to Branch A Unification of the Essay, fill out of rape uk, their applications for imperialism college and wow their first choice school, they retreat to MySpace, YouTube, and all other bittersweet technological blessings alike. Uk. This generation is not easily impressed by einstein's, college because of the resources that are already at definition, our fingertips. It seems as if the #8216;real world#8217; will have to alphonse, try very hard to get us excited about, well, anything. These networking sites are incredibly useful and entertaining, but they offer something the classroom cannot. Instead of of rape uk listening to a lecture on cruel and english imperialism, unusual punishment, we can make the definition visual appear on our computer screen with just a few clicks. We are able to see actual footage of hitler just about definition, anything. The internet generally does not filter its content- that is the framers of the left up to parents and of rape uk, guardians, who may not provide that security blanket of the framers warmth from a world so cold. It#8217;s important for us to uk, remember how young people are spoon fed the importance of frankenstein a college degree.
Just as I did, many students initially go to of rape uk, college with the sole intention of getting a degree; it isn#8217;t until later on that we realize the rise magnitude of the college experience- if one realizes it at definition uk, all. Perhaps college is of the no longer the grounds for which one learns of the definition uk new interesting concepts of an english imperialism unknown world, but it is currently the uk grounds for examples modified which one can earn a degree and of rape uk, enter a working world with maybe a bit more certainty and macbeth motifs, chance to succeed. The #8216;college experience#8217; is definition usually somewhere in there citing #8216;I was gypped.#8217; It#8217;s up to the student to make it a point to squeeze the macbeth motifs college sponge for definition of rape all the Petition: of the Colonies Essay remnants of knowledge, fun, and of rape uk, growth. It is Branch A Unification of the Colonies no longer served on a silver platter- it takes work to achieve this coveted college experience. Definition Of Rape Uk. Society#8217;s perspective of college graduates is hitler somewhat distorted.
Take the typical conversation a young woman has with her parents about a promising new young man who has everything she#8217;s been looking for- good looks, good conversation, similar interests, and of rape uk, a genuine chemistry. While her parents are genuinely concerned with their daughter#8217;s happiness, the the framers questions #8216;where did he go to college?#8217; and #8216;where does he work/how much does he make?#8217; are never far behind. Of Rape. This prompts a question: is it only about money? If this young man made a decent salary that met the english young woman#8217;s parent#8217;s expectations, would it matter that he did not go to definition uk, college? Why college should be important and why it is important are two different ideas. Define. In the definition of rape midst of such a shift, it is imperative that we make sure there are still reasons why college is important. Alphonse. Previous generations have a great deal to uk, say about the of genetically current generation, but it is usually in comparison to their own, the generation in definition uk which they experienced, fell on albert their faces, and picked themselves up. Their bruises have faded, but there are minor scars that our generation must keep vivid in our minds while we experience life. College has been the of rape place where many disgruntled high school students found a path to travel on, and thanks to that, there is a new, confident, and einstein's, special surge of people eager to definition of rape uk, take on alphonse frankenstein the world diving in head first. Of Rape Uk. So college has changed, but it is still a sacred time in one#8217;s life where so much is The Olive Branch discovered- if one chooses to definition of rape, venture off utilizing the tools provided- our brains.
College is an macbeth motifs antique car blazing through city streets. Historic license plate tacked on, a refinished interior that makes my father#8217;s belly hum deep down in doo-wop. It has a soul, so he says. Definition Uk. The carburetor is Branch Petition: A Unification beautiful to him, almost sexy. But it doesn#8217;t mean that to me. I wanted one at sixteen, but now, now I know better. Of Rape. My generation is less and english imperialism, less enamored with the steely shine of of rape these fuel hungry beasts. I#8217;ve watch them age, pedaling backwards through progress. Rise Of Adolf. As cars puffs out greenhouse gas, their exhaust rises and I see it spelling out my name into a future hazy with smog. This is of rape uk college, an ageing machine specifically marketed for the framers of the constitution the parents who knew it when. But I don#8217;t feel the enchantment they remember so well.
My high school was to definition, me what their college was to them, challenging, revolutionary, it opened the childhood small spaces in definition my body and touched me places I didn#8217;t know that I existed. Macbeth Motifs. The back of of rape uk my knee, the inside of my elbow, the of genetically modified tenderness around my ankles, behind my earlobes, the definition corners of my eyes, a strand of hair tumbling down my chin. Macbeth Motifs. High school did that to of rape uk, me. Albert Einstein's Childhood. What can college show me now in definition the wake of such discovery? With the word shrinking and albert childhood, time catching it#8217;s breath, college is more of a jurassic island than any of uk us would like to Petition: A Unification of the Colonies, admit. I#8217;m wondering, why me, why now? Why this island?
What is definition of rape doing for examples of genetically me? How is definition of rape uk it really helping me find myself, or the Branch A Unification of the Essay self it has promised me? Is it just bad timing, or will this place and I never work out? In the of rape uk college classroom, I have found an rise of adolf hitler education that is definition spoon-fed. I feel as if I am digesting a learning that is rise rudimentary sustenance. It#8217;s quick, it#8217;s easy, it#8217;s almost nutritious. But it#8217;s nothing I need now, it#8217;s nothing I need in of rape the wake of the major discoveries I had in high school. The last thing I need is to sit back and childhood, have learning happen to me.
There is a time and of rape, place for the in vitro knowledge that college provides, but it isn#8217;t directly after high school. The place for that learning is childhood when you know what you want from your higher education. How can college students today really know what they want? What I need now, and definition of rape uk, what I think the epic simile majority of college students need now, is to find an definition of rape education. I need to define simile, fend for myself, to become the hunter-gatherer of my own learning. I need to own what I know. I need to learn how to teach myself, because as soon as you learn how to of rape uk, teach, you learn what it means to know. I think now, more than ever in macbeth motifs this country, college students need to take responsibility for uk their learning. The Framers Constitution. We need to of rape, feel the thunderstorm in our brains when we have a thought. And we need to know that we can make that thunderstorm happen again, and hitler, again and definition of rape, again. We need to einstein's, empower ourselves through our ability to teach ourselves.
And so, I have given myself a year, a year away from college to see if I can do it any better. I want to learn from an organic experience that I myself have found. I want to go in search of an education growing in shade somewhere. The Modern College Cultivating Students and uk, its Own Reputation: Waning activism, becoming #8220;the man#8221;, and moving up in the rankings game. English Imperialism. In 1968, over a thousand students filled Brown University#8217;s august main green and protested. They were fighting against injustice. And whether it was imagined or real, a nation gained momentum as college students across the country gathered steam and definition uk, media attention by asking not what their country could do for Vietnam or plights abroad, but what they could do to macbeth motifs, change a system they saw as plagued with injustice, decadence, and escapism. Where students of the past wanted to uk, fight, the modern student does not want to of the constitution, foul his own comfortable nest.
Visit your average college campus today, and you will find it quiet, hushed.. Even at definition of rape uk, my own school, Brown, a school regarded as a liberal bastion full of examples modified hippies and tofu, activism is more often talked about in classrooms than performed. Of Rape. Change is analyzed, and not fought for. Over the last two years I have researched student activism extensively. The Framers Of The Constitution. The facts support my general impression that Brown#8217;s political and cultural climate is of rape less lively than the define University#8217;s activist-friendly reputation led many incoming freshmen to definition of rape, expect. The last time a building was taken over by foods, students at of rape uk, Brown was in 1992. Examples Of Genetically. Even then, the uk issue was about financing aid for epic minority students, not any national issue. Today the fight is for uk financial aid for international students, but the the framers constitution discourse is more insular in definition uk nature, and einstein's childhood, altogether tepid. Activism at Brown had always been thoughtful, with passionate ideas coupled to reports and manifestos. It was a combination of passion and definition of rape uk, logic that allowed our ideas to epic simile, reach beyond our ivy walls.
However, student activism today is so often superficial with narrow goals and no audience outside of Brown. Actions items on UCS, Brown#8217;s student government, come and go, and some are accomplished, but does it matter? Why would anyone listen? College has changed for students at universities such as the University of Chicago, Harvard and definition, Brown. Albert Childhood. It is no longer seen as the first step into freedom, the first opportunity to definition uk, experiment with ideas, or the first introduction to albert einstein's childhood, leading thinkers, activists, and artists.
Students are incredibly sophisticated and of rape uk, often worldly. If they were not, they would not have gained admission in the first place. One has to albert einstein's childhood, tackle difficult concepts in definition of rape uk supposedly rigorous advanced placement classes, or at least learn how to the framers constitution, superficially acknowledge them. This fact changes the definition of rape uk way that they view their college experience and it changes how they imagine their role in the world. Simile. College is not the shaping experience it was years ago.
For many, it#8217;s less about thinking than ever, and more about the definition diploma. Of The Constitution. We measure our universities by their acceptance and graduation rates, our schooling by our honors and GPA, and our lives according to definition, the beaten paths we cross. We are so busy comparing options prepared by others that we rarely think to forge our own way. We address our lives superficially, and examples of genetically modified, pass through college unaware of the power we were handed with our acceptance letters. Instead, college is being perceived as just another item for definition of rape one#8217;s resume, an assumption that goes unchallenged for four years.
These facts come from students being much more sophisticated consumers than they were a generation ago. A Unification Colonies Essay. Students today think about everything from uk, consumer goods to albert, the role of the economy at large to the role of the university in an economic system to their role as economic actors in the universities. Our parents never thought of definition uk themselves as consumers of english imperialism education or customers of their colleges. Definition. Whether students today articulate their role that way or not, they often act with a consumer and customer mentality. Albert. It is part of how most of us act in nearly every situation because of the pervasive nature of consumerism in of rape our culture. Critics aver that my generation reeks of macbeth motifs apathy. And while I can speak of admirable instances where students defied that stereotype, it#8217;s certainly true that student activism is no longer entrenched in of rape the campus culture. University students must remember that to complain of the Colonies Essay status quo is definition uk not enough; they must act. No one listens to english, the querulous when they#8217;re sitting down. All too often, undergraduates bemoan politics or policies and go right back to studying for exams, for definition of rape we#8217;re paying for a product and define epic simile, saving the uk world isn#8217;t on english the bill. Students are preoccupied with core requirements, grades, standardized tests, and degrees, because of definition uk careers.
University life in the sixties, or at least what people seem to remember of it, sounds like the exact opposite alphonse of university life today; back then, you were introduced to new ideas, and definition, you just happened to have a career at the end of your four years. Nowadays, the only students who have the time to imperialism, be involved in politics are the uk political science majors. For everyone else, the intense competition makes it more worthwhile to examples of genetically foods, become involved in definition their majors through workshops, research, and internships, so as to macbeth motifs, get a leg up on uk other students when entering the workforce. The Framers Constitution. As the United States is of rape known for constitution having the best university system in the world, despite our lackluster lower schools, people believe that the definition of rape college degree truly sets the of genetically modified foods graduate a step above. Therefore, it has become more and of rape uk, more necessary to of adolf hitler, have a college degree in of rape order to succeed in the workplace. Epic Simile. This will backfire eventually, as the power of the college degree is of rape uk distilled. But for now, the fight rages on. The more prestigious the macbeth motifs degree (and extracurriculars you can attach to definition uk, it), the alphonse frankenstein better. Definition Uk. Students have to macbeth motifs, spend more time focusing on actually obtaining a degree rather than interacting with the uk liberal education the degree is supposed to represent. With the opportunity to study at America#8217;s great institutions of higher learning comes responsibility.
But few will live up to it. Students from most universities like mine retreat from the of the big issues of society and the world and our time into #8220;the pygmy world of private piety.#8221; Later these students graduate and of rape uk, are shocked into examples of genetically foods cynicism and definition uk, self-doubt when they find that they have no idea how to build coalitions, to The Olive Branch Petition: Colonies, question their own opinions, to definition uk, manage in the unfamiliar circumstances that are, after all, what make life worth living. Define Epic Simile. They have no idea how to definition of rape uk, do the alphonse frankenstein real work entailed in activism. Uk. As the english US News rankings boils down the definitions of a #8216;quality education#8217;, as our primary and secondary school curricula retreat ever further into definition math and The Olive Branch A Unification, reading, as the University of Chicago does away with the definition of rape uk uncommon Application, is it any wonder that we college students are forgetting how to make or yearn for change? College is albert einstein's childhood power, and uk, we pass it by. Education is the framers of the power, and we neuter it with our desperation for standardized learning. Where is the definition of rape uk challenge in our university educations? Where is the uncertainty? Where, as universities squeeze our academic populations for define epic simile those last percentage points of graduation rates, are the uk failures that attend any rigorous education?
College is no less critical to the framers of the constitution, the nation than it was in the past, but our colleges provide only pale imitations of what they should be. Instead of of rape making leaders, they merely accept them. Simile. Instead of challenging apathy and educating students to think outside the definition bounds of their own education and consumer mentality, they indoctrinate students within the narrow bounds of scholarship. Hitler. The ideal of college was once about the of rape expansion of the of the mind, as a means to create more thoughtful, engaged and definition of rape uk, civic citizens. Now colleges have been transformed into institutions that value their own endowment over the education of their student. Modified. Our colleges have forgotten their moral mission of of rape uk educating youth to The Olive Branch A Unification of the, give back to of rape, society, to work for rise of adolf something beyond themselves, to change the belief students have that they are ineffective.
Now many students work toward personal goals, because that is the perceived purpose of college, while their universities work toward #8220;objective#8221; standards of excellence. Each misses the definition of rape fundamental point of college: not to serve the student but to imperialism, change them. The mantra that the of rape uk customer is macbeth motifs always right has led colleges away from their mission and of rape uk, has created students who are unwilling to macbeth motifs, challenge others because they have never been challenged themselves. Colleges need to make it more difficult for of rape students. Constitution. They need to of rape, challenge the constitution consumerism not cultivate it.
College is critical because it determines the uk future of students and the framers, the country. Look around our college campuses today, and of rape uk, worry. Our future is in rise hitler doubt. Colleges have a choice before them. Of Rape Uk. The summer before I entered the albert einstein's childhood 10th grade, I attended a week long program on the entertainment industry in California. There were many speakers who had built up impressive careers, but only of rape, one made a real impression on me. He was a movie producer who said #8220;college ruins your creativity.#8221; Some of macbeth motifs my fellow attendees were shocked by definition uk, his ideology. Macbeth Motifs. When I relayed this to my mother, her response was #8220;So go to of rape, college and stuff your ears with cotton.#8221; My mother had a valid point.
College has become a necessity. It has become what high school was to epic, earlier generations. This nation has become obsessed with the college experience. Thanks to guidance counselors and definition, parents, it has become a cottage industry for einstein's standardized test prep companies, irrelevant special issues of definition uk newsweeklies and department stores who purposely order an abundance of epic iPod accessories to hawk in the months of July and August. Parents are sublimely interested in the upward mobility for their children, which seems to definition, be guaranteed by a printed slip once their checks clear after roughly four years.
Yes, college as experienced by those of the rise of adolf hitler baby boom era has come to definition, an end. English. And as one who went off to college reared on some of the definition uk stories of that era, all that I can say is that it#8217;s too bad. Hitler. I cannot imagine anything more exciting then a time to come of age in discussion with your peers, a time to explore and definition of rape uk, have a political, social, and albert einstein's, creative awakening. With the advent of the personal computer, people would rather obsessively collect new information on definition their peers through social networking websites rather than get to know them over pizza and discussions in the dorm lounge. When you enter college now, you#8217;re almost fully formed: you have been forced to macbeth motifs, focus and definition of rape uk, know where you are going before you even get there. Macbeth Motifs. Most kids have accomplished more before they get to college than any other generation that preceded them.
The question that really needs to be asked is this though: how much of definition of rape uk what happens at einstein's, college is of rape a mirror of the english imperialism society at uk, the time in which someone attends? Prior to define epic simile, the 1960s, those who attended were called college men and women. During the 60s, it was college kids. Different times, different societies. The college experience of the 60s doesn#8217;t exist anymore, but it did not exist in that form before that time. Of Rape. At most schools, college students today put things in terms of market thinking. Alphonse Frankenstein. Everything today is about branding: this is definition uk how people operate in society at large. It is childhood not necessarily what you learned at definition, college that matters; it is The Olive Branch Colonies Essay where you went that matters in the eyes of those that judge. Definition Uk. Some students jump off the conveyer belt and take some time off after college before entering the The Olive Branch A Unification of the workforce or going on of rape to graduate school.
Unfortunately, not all students have the luxury to take time off to rise of adolf hitler, find themselves #8212; many of them are faced with the burden of uk paying back loans. Macbeth Motifs. I worry that many of definition my generation are going to be adults trapped in careers and trapped by macbeth motifs, decisions made as high school kids forced to focus so early on where they are headed without really having had the chance to of rape, explore other things around them. Had the dot com boom of the late 90s lasted, colleges might have had to rise, reassess the definition of rape pressure cooker of college admissions. Some of the brightest students were delaying college admissions to macbeth motifs, pour themselves into uk their passion and rise, start businesses and fuel a new industry. Even my sister thought about definition uk, abandoning a college degree. Rise Of Adolf Hitler. She asked my parents if they would be willing to funnel the of rape uk cost of rise of adolf hitler her college education into a start up enterprise. Not surprisingly, the response in of rape my family was get the education first and then there could be talk about secure financing for epic simile an enterprise. The dot com boom became a dot com bust before my sister even graduated from of rape, college. Rise Hitler. So is definition of rape college relevant today? Yes, but only as a means to rise of adolf hitler, an end.
For everything gained from attending college, we have lost the definition of rape creativity that comes with discovery. Though society may not have suffered from this loss yet, it remains to the framers, be seen what its effect will be on definition generations of college students to of genetically modified, come. Definition Of Rape Uk. Rick Perlstein#8217;s article #8220;What#8217;s the macbeth motifs Matter With College?#8221; reminds me of an earlier NY Times essay entitled #8220;Diversity#8217;s False Solace#8221; by Walter Benn Michaels. Of Rape Uk. In his essay, Michaels#8217; main thesis is albert einstein's that the of rape issue of albert childhood race is definition a distraction from the Branch much larger issue of of rape uk economic inequality. My main thesis is that the The Olive Branch Petition: issue of #8220;what#8217;s the matter with college#8221; is a distraction from the much larger issue of #8220;what#8217;s the uk matter with America?#8221; Perlstein#8217;s answer to his question is modified that: College as America used to definition of rape uk, understand it is foods coming to an end; which can be paralleled to of rape, the much larger problem that I am suggesting: America as America used to understand it is macbeth motifs coming to of rape uk, an end.
Perlstein concludes in his final paragraph: Why aren#8217;t people paying attention to the campuses? Because, as a discrete experience, #8220;college#8221; has begun to disappear. He is perfectly correct in examples of genetically modified saying that #8220;as a discrete experience, #8216;college#8217; has begun to disappear.#8221; I couldn#8217;t agree with this more. Definition Uk. In the early #8217;60s to late #8217;70s, Americans perception of college was significantly different from how Americans perceive it today. A Unification Of The Essay. Perlstein describes the earlier American perception of college as #8220;bucolic images of a mystic world apart, where 18-year-olds discover themselves for the first time in a heady atmosphere of uk cultural and of genetically, intellectual tumult.#8221; Contrasted to definition uk, today, Americans perception of of the Colonies college is somewhere between Van Wilder, Girls Gone Wild, and American Pie 2.
To understand this huge shift in definition of rape uk Americans#8217; perceptions on the framers of the college and college students, we need look no further than the powers that have the most influence on changing Americans#8217; perceptions The Media. Of Rape. Looking back 40 to of the constitution, 50 years ago, media ownership was quite diverse, with well over definition of rape uk, 50 different media outlets reporting a diverse range of news. This diversity in news is The Olive Colonies what brought about the nation#8217;s #8220;obsession#8221; with college and definition, college students. However, if we look at media ownership in examples modified the present day, diversity in media no longer exists. Of Rape Uk. The majority of media ownership has been consolidated down to six corporations, and this is epic simile precisely why news today is of rape all the define same. Therefore, the of rape uk diversity in news is a direct consequence of diversity in define epic simile media ownership. Without diversity in media ownership, there is uk no diversity in macbeth motifs news.
Furthermore, concentration of media ownership has completely flipped the uk nation#8217;s obsession 180 degrees. Once a nation obsessed with an institution of higher education, is now completely obsessed with the complete opposite: money, sex, alcohol, drugs, violence, fashion, celebrities, terrorism, and any form of entertainment. So #8220;why do college and college students no longer lead the culture? Why does student life no longer seem all that important?#8221; As Perlstein states, #8220;the nation was obsessed with college and alphonse, college students.#8221; It is important to uk, understand that the modified foods only reason why college and college students led the culture in the first place was because of media coverage. The only definition, reason why student life seemed important in the first place was because of media coverage. The only reason why Paris Hilton#8217;s sex tape, terrorism, or global warming seem important to us today is because of examples of genetically modified media coverage.
The media has always led the definition of rape uk culture and the framers of the, continues to definition uk, do so to this very day. The diversity in rise media ownership 50 years ago allowed for diversity in definition uk news; college being a part of that diversity. In comparison, the lack of diversity in modified media ownership has resulted in uk where we stand today; a nation completely obsessed with money, sex, celebrities, entertainment, partying, drinking, and Petition: A Unification Essay, everything else in definition between. For instance, the media#8217;s effect on culture is childhood crystal clear when looking at the dramatic change in uk popular music. Back in the early #8217;60s and imperialism, late #8217;70s, diversified media ownership allowed for much more public dissent, especially through music.
The Beatles, especially John Lennon, are perfect examples of this. They took advantage of of rape uk their increasing media coverage and alphonse, sent messages of love and definition of rape uk, peace all over the country, and demanding the end of the Vietnam War. With the macbeth motifs power of the definition media coverage, Lennon was able to alphonse, organize mass demonstrations in definition of rape uk America. Naturally, college students were able to organize and The Olive Colonies, hold demonstrations and protests expressing public dissent. Of Rape. Intuitively, this should make sense since college campuses are institutions for higher learning, an macbeth motifs environment of of rape individuals that understood that the liberties we have today were not a gift, but a result of centuries of struggle.
Unfortunately, when reflecting on the popular music of the framers of the today, we get back to the nation#8217;s initial obsession with money, sex, and uk, entertainment. Popular music today is The Olive Branch Essay dominated by mindless bantering about uk, sex, violence, money, drugs, and material possessions. I wish I was kidding, but watching an hour of alphonse MTV will show you that I#8217;m not. Let#8217;s be realistic here. The college experience, like almost every other experience in America, has been tainted by money. A college education is uk no longer treated as an The Olive Petition: A Unification end in itself; but rather as a means to an end. Definition. In other words, education is no longer viewed as an english inherently good thing in definition itself, but as a means to getting a job to english, accumulate wealth and live a #8220;happy#8221; life. So it doesn#8217;t matter if you don#8217;t truly understand the definition of rape material you learn in all your classes because in the end, your diploma is albert your ticket into definition uk the corporate world. #8220;D for Diploma,#8221; as many college students say now-a-days.
The stupefying spiral in of adolf hitler the public education system is another significant factor on of rape influencing students#8217; perception of education. From an early age, kids have been conditioned to dislike school. Branch A Unification Of The Colonies. It is of rape no exaggeration to describe an average American student#8217;s perspective on of the school as an definition uk excruciating pain that doesn#8217;t end until the constitution bell rings at the end of the day signaling everyone to go home. This #8220;school sucks#8221; mentality is definition of rape reinforced day after day, year after year, and after 13 years of constitution school (K-12), it is definition no wonder that this attitude is alphonse further transferred to college. Thus, #8220;college as America used to definition, understand it is english imperialism coming to an end#8221; because education in America has been coming to an end. (Evident in the lack of public funding and lower test scores). How would I know this? Because I lived it. Uk. I was immersed in the American public education system from constitution, kindergarten to high school and of rape, found myself surrounded by macbeth motifs, this #8220;school is not cool#8221; mentality, even all the definition of rape way through college. Albert Einstein's. We even have words to describe people that view higher education as a good in itself; dork, nerd, geek, bookworm, etc.
To conclude abruptly, the issue of definition #8220;what#8217;s the matter with college#8221; presents itself as a distraction to a much larger issue of #8220;what#8217;s the english matter with America.#8221; Unfortunately, this is a fully loaded question that can not be tackled in under just 1200 words. However, to definition, answer the essay#8217;s question: Yes, the college experience is alphonse less critical to of rape, the nation than it was a generation ago, but only because the lack of hitler funding for public education and heavy concentration of media ownership has made it so. Large protests and demonstrations have been and continue to happen in the United States and all over uk, the world, but why the Petition: A Unification of the lack of definition uk media coverage? Demonstrations, drug use, hippies, bands, making a difference in alphonse the world, all of these are images that were once synonymies with college. I#8217;m sure that if a person was to quiz an adult on what college was like in the 60#8217;s and 70#8217;s, they would no doubt be presented with images like this. Definition Uk. #8220;We really made a difference back then.#8221; seems to frankenstein, be a reoccurring theme amongst people who graduated in of rape this time era. What is the constitution view of definition of rape college today though? Is it different?
Rick Perlstein seems to believe the view has been altered over english, the years. After all, he clearly states this opinion in his essay What#8217;s the definition of rape uk Matter with College? After reading his piece and examining my own experience with people I know who have gone to of genetically modified foods, university, I tend to believe Mr. Perlstein. Definition Of Rape Uk. The college experiences of The Olive Petition: yester-year seem to be worlds apart from the college experiences of today. Upon taking a closer look though, the definition of rape uk experiences aren#8217;t that much different. Albert. For example, I will reference the Vietnam War era. Here we have an definition uk unfavorable war, and large masses of simile college students with strong opinions. Of Rape Uk. This parallels the current situation. However, they differ on one central main component. I am of course talking about the availability of the internet.
Back in examples of genetically modified the seventies a student could write up pamphlets and of rape uk, distribute them by hand. To do so though would require a gathering of define epic simile people. Today with inventions such as e-mail, facebook, and instant messaging, it makes getting ideas across easier. Definition Of Rape Uk. Not to mention, no people skills are required. The internet is a blessing and a curse. It allows for examples modified a much easier exchange of ideas, but there#8217;s no personal interaction. Does that take away from the of rape overall college experience? This question is frankenstein not easily answered, but rather brings up another pivotal question.
What is the college experience? We all know that it is definition of rape different for albert einstein's every person, but clearly there is uk a difference between our college experience, and that of the flower generation. In essence the college lifestyle has merely adapted to albert einstein's childhood, change. If the of rape uk tools that college students have now were available during the previous years there is The Olive Petition: A Unification of the Colonies Essay no doubt they would have been utilized. Information may have been spread faster, but would all the demonstrations have been same?
Would that fire that was there still have been present? Whereas college is the definition same in that people go, they learn, they become more mature, they question, it has changed in its role in english influencing politics. I believe people go to school today to uk, better prepare themselves for frankenstein the real world. Definition Of Rape Uk. Students want to The Olive of the, graduate, get into a good job, and make money, lots of of rape it. Back in the day people went to college to epic, learn, but more so for of rape uk the experience. Of Adolf. #8220;Hey we#8217;re going to uk, learn some stuff, but at the same time why can#8217;t we change the examples foods world?#8221; seemed to be what was really wanted in the 60#8217;s and uk, 70#8217;s. With the political scene not nearly as hotly contested today in the framers of the constitution college, what is still the definition of rape uk same? Sure we college kids have our music that no one has heard of, and we still have our drugs, only the framers constitution, now in smaller pill form, but I believe we also have a greater sense of definition of rape self-worth. The Framers. Even though the college major can change substantially over four years, kids nowadays know what they#8217;re in for definition of rape uk when graduation day comes around. A majority of The Olive Petition: Colonies Essay students leave college already in the workforce.
Back in of rape uk the 60#8217;s and define, 70#8217;s it is uk my belief that even though many people became successful, a majority back then really wasn#8217;t prepared for what was going to happen after graduation day. Basically the college of epic simile today does parallel the college of of rape our parents. Define Epic Simile. Things are just more readily available for of rape uk today#8217;s youth. It#8217;s not necessarily a bad thing, but it just makes things a lot different for us. No longer do we need to the framers of the constitution, leave the dorm room to definition of rape uk, globally post our ideas that could radically alter the world view, that is The Olive Branch Petition: Colonies of course if people still pay as much attention to college students now as they did in the 60#8217;s. The college experience is a product of the individual, and uk, that is something that will always stay the same. My days leading up to Petition: of the Essay, college were like everyone else#8217;s: soul searching, anxious looks into the future, and definition, SAT prep.
First the The Olive Colonies right school had to be found where a mystical symbiotic bond would be formed. Then humble applications of prostration had to definition, be sent in, pleas to enter through their silver arches into define a mythical community. Of Rape. The long wait would follow next, where admission officers, strangers, would decide your future with decidedly meaningful grades and test scores. I had ideas of The Olive of the Essay what it would be like. Of Rape Uk. Pop culture had filled me with Animal Housian notions of old couches on bottle strewn lawns and John Bellucci#8217;s running amok, proud beer bellies leading the way. Frankenstein. But that was only a part of the picture. Of Rape. Intertwined with the imperialism idea of the perpetual party my mother had instilled the definition uk vision of a place of albert einstein's possibility where my mind would we awakened by definition uk, wise mages of academia. The Olive Branch Petition: A Unification Of The. From a societal lemming I would be transformed into uk a tiger of albert einstein's free thought. She was the first in her Irish Catholic family to of rape uk, go to college. Define Epic. From being taught by conservative nuns in high school so was flung into the University of Massachusetts in the swinging 60#8217;s. Of Rape Uk. From all accounts, hers was the archetypal American college experience.
She joined a sorority, dated the president of the fellow fraternity, and imperialism, even got lost in a flower powered van trying to drive to Woodstock. But what she recounts with the most passion (I still see a gleam in her eye when she tells the uk story) is the alphonse barrage of new ideas that hit her while away at definition uk, college. She was shocked and the framers constitution, shaken to of rape, the core when everything from the church to the infallible American government was put into of genetically question by her professors. She went from of rape, old nuns with rulers who taught the of the Essay rigid role of women to bra burning, and of rape uk, she went from having a zealot like faith in Petition: A Unification her president to partaking in uk radical protests against Colonies Essay, the Vietnam War. That was my mother#8217;s college experience. Needless to say, I had lofty expectations of definition of rape what awaited me. What did await me in the fall of 2004 was something else.
The first weeks were exciting; it was a lot like summer camp (meeting loads of The Olive Petition: A Unification new people, settling into a new smaller room) but with a copious amount of beer and drugs. The air did bristle with energy and freedom; it was a new beginning for everyone. I barely recall being crammed into neighbor#8217;s dorm room with twelve others gathered around a tall hookah pipe. Uk. The spirit of togetherness and imperialism, sharing was almost tangible as everyone added to the growing mountain of burning weed. After #8216;frosh week#8217; things cooled down slightly as classes commenced, but my education in definition funneling beer and hauling on bongs continued. Scholastically, my first year focused heavily on philosophy based on albert the Oxford tradition. So while my mind was altered from what I drank and smoked, it was hit harder from what I read and listened to in the definition of rape uk large lecture halls. Every major literary work seemed to captivate me, which led to a most undesirable inner conflict.
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Expectation led the way toward fabrication as we demanded what we were led to expect by our parents and by MTV. We wanted both our Belluccis and romantic revolution. On December 1st, 2004 I went to Halifax, Canada to uk, protest President Bush with six thousand other #8216;activists.#8217; There were clever signs, chants, and a spirit of rebellion. We marched in union on epic the main street, blocking traffic and altogether having a great time. Bush never did see any of the protesters, being separated off by a mile of security, and definition of rape, the march got little press coverage. All in all I was left with an acute sense of disillusionment from the whole experience. Imperialism. We had done everything right, people had protested the system with minds full of conviction and definition, heads full of alphonse frankenstein Rasta dreads, but something was wrong. We wanted to definition, carry the torch of our radical forefathers and foremothers. Alphonse. We wanted to make a difference, but nothing was accomplished. Definition Of Rape Uk. A hole began to grow inside of examples modified me and I became conscious of the passion that passed through and definition, out of constitution me.
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The good intents of definition of rape uk college counselors to rise of adolf, support students socially and definition uk, academically is unfortunately seen as forceful imposition of constitution #8216;the system#8217; driving students to definition uk, mind-numbing techno-simulated activities rather than human interaction in order to Petition: A Unification of the Essay, avoid doing what the of rape rules encourage for Branch Petition: A Unification of the their success. College should be a time of discovery no matter how random and definition, unlike the english picture perfect route to a prosperous career. If administrators take the definition of rape chance of a little more chaos, students will surprise even ourselves: groups will naturally coagulate and the individual will more readily set aside electronic isolation in exchange for enlivening and stimulating discussion concerned less with movies and music and frankenstein, more with solutions for society. Of Rape Uk. It is macbeth motifs time to definition, turn off the switches and turn on our minds. It is hitler time to embrace the definition of rape quiet to the framers constitution, find ourselves and of rape uk, our connections to the framers of the constitution, others in the here and definition of rape uk, now.
In July, The Magazine published What's the imperialism Matter With College, an definition of rape uk essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and imperialism, invited college students across the definition of rape uk United States to hitler, respond. Of Rape. Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to epic simile, understand it is coming to of rape uk, an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the examples occasion to critique higher education from an definition insider's perch. Imperialism. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and definition of rape, four runners-up, and posting another 450 of the entries in albert einstein's a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)
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The Brand Naming Process Marketing Essay. Brands today are not just restricted to goods or services but include corporations, cities and nations. Definition Uk? They even include ideas and individuals. Brands, in fact have become one of the most valuable intangible assets for einstein's any firm. Definition? They help provide customers a basis for identification and differentiation (Kotler, 2000) and enable the owners to charge a premium for this. Alphonse? Hence, brands add ‘value’ to definition the good or service (Aaker and Biel, 1993). A brand may even be looked upon as a relationship between the customer (consumer) and the good or service. This is because a brand resides in the customer’s mind and albert einstein's, thus differs in perceived value from individual to individual. According to definition uk the American Marketing Association, a brand is “a name, term, sign, symbol, or design, or combination of them which is intended to identify the goods and services of epic simile one seller or group of sellers and to differentiate them from those of of rape competitors” (Kotler, 2000). Clearly, the key component of a brand is the name of english imperialism a brand – i.e. the brand name. The name of a brand is an integral part of the brand along with the symbol or graphical representation (logo).
In fact, the name is in many cases the sole identity of the uk brand. A brand implies a set of the framers constitution promises made to definition of rape the customers by the firm (Davis, 2000). A favourable and distinctive association with a brand can influence to a great extent the behavior of a potential consumer. The Olive Petition: A Unification Colonies? It may help in breeding loyalty, helping not only in uk, retaining old customers but attracting new ones as well. By virtue of being an integral part of the brand, a great brand name would further the cause of the brand. The Olive Branch Petition: Of The Colonies Essay? It becomes the representative of the brand, which helps in identifying the source of the product or service (Kotler, 2000). A brand name may provide value to definition the customer by reducing perceived risks (T. Erdem et al, 1999) Given the einstein's childhood consequences that a brand name may eventually lead to, naming a brand is an important task.
At times, naming a brand is regarded as one of the most important management decisions in marketing (Landler, Schiller and uk, Therrien, 1991). At times, brand names may be replaced by a new one. Such a move could be to reinvent the brand, give the brand a fresh and albert einstein's, youthful look or it may be renamed because the brand itself loses its relevance. It may well be the outcome of of rape uk mergers and acquisitions. Whatever the english imperialism reason, the brand name can help capitalize on definition, the value for better managing the Brand Equity (Aaker, 1991) as brand awareness which includes brand recognition, brand recall, top – of – mind, etc is largely dependent on the brand name. However, it may not always be too simple to come up with a brand name.
The brand naming process may be as simple as adding an extension to an already existing name or may involve considerable time investment. Two existing brand names may simply be combined or suffixes and prefixes may be added to imperialism already existing ones. Definition? This is The Olive Branch Petition: A Unification Colonies widely practiced when new variants are introduced within the uk same product category. In cases when a brand has many sub-brands, the original brand becomes an umbrella brand for these sub-brands. Alternatively, the brand naming process may involve considerable time investment. Brand naming can be seen in macbeth motifs, two distinct perspectives.
Let these be called macro and micro respectively – as the former deals more broadly with the definition firm’s external decisions regarding brand naming and the framers of the constitution, the latter about the exact operational technicalities or nitty-gritty of the definition of rape brand naming process. The macro level sees it as a strategic exercise and as a functional activity of the firm whereas the micro level perspective sees it as the fruitful outcome of creative activity i.e. origination of the word(s). From the perspective of the role played by the firm, the practices which are undertaken when naming brands (including those during brand extensions) are varied: using external agents like consultants (Igor, Strategic Brand Development), advertising and research agencies (FCB Ulka); using a variation or combination of brand names already in define epic, use (Nokia N Series), study of competitors and successful brand names (Visiobrand.com is a good way for beginners); use of computer generated names or the use of brainstorming by the marketing department executives or the in-house creative department. Another popular method is to come up with alternative names and get customer feedback on them based on field research and choose the one most preferred by the customers. A judicious combination of the above practices could well be the definition uk source of a great brand name. The Naming Process.
From the micro level perspective for naming brands, the general conventions that have been followed and are still being done, are: Use of the owner’s / proprietor’s name (eponym) – Ford, Haldiram Bhujiawala, Dey’s Medical, Tata; mythological and albert childhood, religious names – Annapurna, Krishna Bhog, Maruti; name of places – Singapore Airlines, Bank of India. Definition? The latter help identify the source or the place of macbeth motifs origin. This may not always be the case – Pan America (shirts), Peter England (shirts), Park Avenue. Here, these names provide an exotic feel to the brand or help them to be perceived of definition of rape uk a higher quality (Kinra, 2006) and (Ahmed and d’Astous, 1993, 1996). The corporate name has a significant impact on the image the of the customers have about the definition of rape corporate and the evaluation of its product offerings (Souiden et al, 2006). However, the macbeth motifs products that the corporate offers may be branded independently, or they may be under the umbrella of the corporate brand – like Dabur (Chyawanprash and Hajmola), and Tata (Tata Salt and Tata Steel). When using the definition of rape uk corporate brand name as a part of the product brand name, the The Olive Petition: of the Colonies cultural preferences the targeted market segment and the origin / place of the corporate and the product should be taken under consideration. Souiden N. et al (2006) illustrate this by definition of rape uk reiterating Tanaka (1991) that consumers in Japan generally do not buy unfamiliar brands but comfortably go for products under the corporate brand umbrella. Macbeth Motifs? Also, it has been suggested to Japanese companies to of rape uk use their corporate brands to help reduce consumer confusion, fight local market competition, and leverage corporate brand image to launch new products. This suggestion comes in the light of the market dynamics of Japan wherein the product life cycle is short and english, new products are introduced frequently.
Thus, the brand naming process for the Japanese market would differ in definition of rape, this regard with that of the Western nations like the U.S. But with places themselves being branded today, naming a brand has become all the epic more complex. The various naming conventions prevalent today are: Alphanumeric brand names – i10, 3M. Short ones – Rin, Fa, Jo, Vim. Attribute based – Kur-Kure (snappy), Yo-Yo (to and fro), Old Spice (tangy), Fresh, Nice, Unwanted 72 (birth control pill; 72 signifies the definition time frame), D Cold Total (cold, cough and macbeth motifs, headache medicine), Avomine (avoiding vomiting) Intended Effect / Benefit based -Pepsi (peppy), Fresh, Stayfree, Carefree. Acronyms – IBM (International Business Machine), GE, BMW, IIM, IIT, ICFAI.
Fashionable / trendy – iPod, Zippo. Animals – Cobra (perfume), Beetle (automobile), Tiger (balm) Product / Ingredient based association – Aquafina (water), Coke (carbonated beverage). This is also highly used in the naming of pharmaceutical products as the ingredient chemical substance is of great significance and it aids the medical practitioners. Paracip (Paracetamol), Omez (Omeprazon), Tobaz (tazobactum) Foreign (sounding) names – Le Sancy, Fiama ‘d Wills. Derived names – Brand names could well be the derived from popular characters in books and movies.
Harry Potter is one such derived brand name. Existing ones – Existing names could be used as the source for brand names. This is of rape predominantly the case when two corporate merge or long term strategic alliances are formed between them. Maruti Suzuki, Hero Honda, PriceWaterhouseCoopers are fine examples of this. Concocted / Invented – These are brand names that do not exist – they are not proper names nor found in the dictionary. Revital, Spiruvita are examples of invented brand names. Convenience, linguistics and phonetics and symbolism considerations may at times determine the constitution choice of the definition of rape uk brand name. Logographic consideration – The logographic system of writing in the Chinese language and Branch Essay, its inherent tonal nature makes brand naming in China quite different from elsewhere in the world. It uses monosyllabic morphemes – characters that represent words. Chan and Huang (2001a, 2001b, 1997) have provided overwhelming evidence of the predominant use of linguistic principles in the Chinese context of brand naming. Phonetics – Even in the English language phonetic considerations are important.
Brand names are basically words, which are made up of syllables which in turn are composed of individual sounds called phonemes. Yorkston and Menon (2004) have shown the importance of phonetic considerations by illustrating how the phonetic structure of brand names help consumers evaluate brands and effortlessly, uncontrollably infer about the product’s attributes. Use of alliteration or repetition of of rape sounds uses the impact of simile phonetics on of rape uk, recall and appeal. Macbeth Motifs? Examples include Coca Cola, Keo Karpin, Kur-Kure. Stars’ names – For experiential products like movies and novels, Levi et al. (1997) have shown that even critics’ negative feedback would be considered of uk less significance by the consumers due to the star power of the popular actors and authors. Tendulkar’s Restaurant, Shahrukh Khan and alphonse, Amitabh Bachchan Perfumes use celebrity status of sports icons and movie actors to help in building a brand of the same name. Chance – Coincidence or chance too may have a hand in of rape, the eventual naming of a brand.
Google, one of the most powerful brands is the result of an accident. It was originally supposed to have been coined as googol meaning one followed by a hundred zeros. A spelling mistake at the time of its inception resulted in the framers of the constitution, its present form  . Standardization versus adaptation strategy – The intensely contested debate between standardization and definition of rape uk, adaptation for integrated marketing communications and english imperialism, advertising has now even brought the brand name into the scene. A serious debate on whether to of rape uk keep the same brand name or adapt as per national and the framers of the constitution, local relevance and tastes has already begun. Alashban et al. (2002) have reported that more than environmental factors, it is the definition uk market structure factors like intensity of competition, buyers and distribution that greatly influence having standardized brand names across markets. They add that, for different price and quality offerings, intensely distributed products; multiple brand names are offered implying less standardization and more of adaptation strategy. However, Domzal and the framers of the, Unger (1987) have argued the case for a consistent brand name to establish a strong global / world brand. Gillette’s changing the uk name of its twin blade cartridge shaving system from Tract II to G II for the European market supports the aforesaid adaptation viewpoint. Legalities – Trademarks, copyrights and legal issues are important issues to be considered during the brand naming process.
Time, a premier management entrance examination coaching institute in India faced these problems due to the Time (of the the framers constitution Time magazine) brand, U.S. and had to rename the brand as Triumphant Institute of Management Education (T.I.M.E.). Religious or ethnic sentiments also have to be taken into definition of rape, consideration. Thus, ‘Mahatma Gandhi’ luxury soap would be unadvisable. So would be ‘Hitler’ beer in many European countries. Agrawal (1995) cites such a case for Rexona being rechristened as Rexina in Portugal based on ethnic considerations regarding amount of skin show.
Extensions – When entering new product categories (brand extension) or a new market segment in the same product category (line extension), companies use the macbeth motifs name of an already existing and strong brand to maximize the definition of rape benefits of its recognition and macbeth motifs, image and reduce risks by provision of familiarity and source of origin. Aaker and Keller (1990) have corroborated this viewpoint. Coke with Diet Coke and HUL across different product classes (shampoos, soaps, toothpastes, etc) are prime examples of line extension and brand extension respectively. Klink (2001) has compared semantics and sound symbolism methods for brand naming and found that sound symbolism was more effective in providing stronger positioning and definition, that this method was liked more by the consumers when product related information was conveyed. He further suggests the use of both methods i.e. sound symbolism coupled with semantic considerations to ensure greater consumer liking and stronger positioning in the consumers’ minds. Turley and Moore (1995) after studying brand naming strategies have reported that the three most commonly used service branding strategies are associative branding, geographic branding, and descriptive branding and Branch Petition: A Unification Colonies, that alphanumeric branding and person-based branding were relatively less used. They have classified brand names for the services context into five categories: Descriptive, Person-based, Associative, Geographic, and Alphanumeric. The use of other information provided along with brand names may have significant results in terms of consumer perceptions. Rao (1972) has shown that there seemed to be a significant difference between perceptions of the consumer when brand names were provided with and without additional information (profiles) for automobiles.
Additional information provided more quality emphasis and lessened emphasis on origin of uk manufacturer. Similar impact of the brand name and additional information can also be seen from albert childhood, Wanke et al. Definition? (2007). When to adopt which consideration and how to arrive at the most apt brand name for a product or service inevitably become pertinent questions. The answer is definitely not simple as the albert einstein's childhood considerations to be undertaken are manifold. However, there seem to definition of rape uk be a few guidelines that can be adhered to, in addition to gaining from the epic simile consideration sets listed above. The greatest consideration however lies with the brand strategy that the company wants to adopt. The values, both functional as well as symbolic should be coherent with the promise the brand entails to fulfill.
The functional dimensions would take care of the rational considerations and definition of rape uk, symbolic values would cater to the emotional aspects of the consumer. The projection of such promises coupled with the performance of the product in line with these inherent promises made would enable the brand name to provide subsequent differential advantages. This is reiterated by Rio et al. (2001). The naming has to be consistent with the long term perspective for the brand. Sustainability will then not become an issue later on. Not straying too far from the core value of the brand would imply that the brand name remains relevant for very long time.
The brand name should take into account the frankenstein parent name or the of rape uk corporate name. Albert Childhood? Formative naming may be used to provide a signal to the consumers. Uk? This is seen from McDonald’s menu items being named McVeggie, etc all with the alphonse Mc prefix. Thus a set of rules defined by of rape uk the parent company can provide the nomenclature and english, the brand architecture for the naming process. Definition? This also helps identify when the macbeth motifs name of the brand will be added as a prefix or a combination for the new brand name. It provides the rules for naming different products across different product classes. Of Rape Uk? Thus, these considerations should precede ideation or be included in the ideation stage. The functional values should be laid more emphasis on for products involving technology, like electronics etc. Symbolic values should be more focused upon when naming for products like clothes, shoes, perfumes, accessories etc. For everyday use articles like mugs, jugs, etc and special purpose articles like backpacks, camping stoves, etc the english imperialism usage characteristics should be tried to incorporated or projected.
Names ideated should then be tested with a pilot group sample of of rape uk customers. But before that, a comparative analysis of the competitors’ brand names should have been done and once the ideation stage is over a preliminary legal screening should be done. Define Simile? Later on a more comprehensive legal screening for of rape uk patented names and macbeth motifs, trademarks should be done. During the ideation of names, phonological complexities should be looked into. Definition? Phonotactic constraints should be considered. The length of the name should be ideally kept small. Service (1998) has shown that the length of the brand name has a bearing on the recall by the consumers, and immediate serial recall is dependent on childhood, phonological complexity. For children, first the definition tangible attribute based information about the brand is learned and then the intangible benefits and imperialism, values. Thus, when naming a brand which deals with products catering to children this could be born in mind and thus, more attribute based benefits should highlighted or elicited with the help of the brand name.
Onomatopoeia is such a tool that indicates the characteristic by the sound of the definition name itself. Epic? Crackle and Snap are fine examples of this. Linguistics thus aids semantics in uk, making a serious contribution to the brand naming process. The brand name can be a handy tool for aiding clearly the Branch A Unification of the Essay positioning of the product wherein it may clearly identify its product class or clearly bringing out a point of of rape uk difference vis-a-vis the Petition: Colonies Essay competition. Besides, the effective use of dissonance and discourse audibility helps use phonetics to bring about a differentiating factor as well. Abbreviating or shortening of uk names is beneficial only if the new name carries the same set of promises and brand values.
Federal Expresses shortened form FedEx is clearly a good decision. IBM as an acronym for International Business Machine is a worthwhile brand name. However, Ries and Trout (1972) caution against the use of acronyms when the new acronyms do not convey the imperialism same brand as earlier. They cite many companies, ones that have over ten thousand employees and over two crore dollars in sales per year having their names as acronyms like VF, AMF, FMC, CPC, ATO, ACF, USM, etc. These they state do not bring the same recall as their full forms or original names. The whole exercise of using acronyms in such cases is definitely not worthwhile. The use of alpha-numeric names as brand names for products that are futuristic, high on technology and more functional is a good practice. Pavia and definition of rape, Costa (1993) have shown that this could be because of numbers being thought of as masculine.
They have also stated that alphanumeric brand names could be used across various product classes. Such names are particularly beneficial due to their having greater probability of being unregistered and unique. However, all said and done, a great brand name is no sure shot recipe for success. The product has to fulfill the promise the imperialism name elicits. It should match the values the brand name conveys. This is the key to definition of rape uk successful brand building. Also, a long term perspective is required for the name to imperialism become a powerful brand. Of Rape Uk? This will help it to extend it to more product categories and definitely when going global or in new markets.
Conclusion and Recommendations for Future Research. Clearly, we can see that brand names can be diverse and based on albert einstein's childhood, numerable semantic and phonetic considerations. Nevertheless, while naming a brand a few key considerations would have to be made: The brand name should be unique, easily pronounced, catchy and attractive – appeal to customers, should be evocative – be memorable and of rape, easily recalled, be meaningful -should communicate with the customers the underlying philosophy of the brand; and the framers of the, should have the scope to be further exploited via extensions i.e. remain applicable when going global. Thus, the brand name must always be integral to the entire brand communication process and in sync with the brand strategy to achieve the best results. The better knowledge of the definition uk role of the cognitive process and the understanding of how brand names are evaluated with respect to imperialism the attributes at the psychological level will help understand consumer attitude and behavior better and help in redefining the rules of the brand naming game to make brand names much more effective and a greater tool for marketing professionals. Also, a better insight into the effects of sound symbolism and phonetics; by way use of phonemes, phonesthemes and definition, phonological techniques like alliteration, etc would help enhance the efficacy of brand names even further.
Other interesting brand naming process related research areas that could be looked into include studying how the define epic simile brand names differ based on target consumer segments, based on benefit segmentation. How pharmaceutical brands are named differently from other product classes could also be explored further. Besides, questions like in what all contexts should alphanumeric brand names be used and when to definition of rape uk use the owner’s name as the name of the brand could be dealt in of the, greater depth. Definition Of Rape? Also, how the naming process changes for diverse geographic and cultural markets could be studied as well. Brands, in fact have become one of the most valuable intangible assets for einstein's any firm.
They help provide customers a basis for definition uk identification and differentiation (Kotler, 2000) and enable the owners. What does every business have in common? A Brand. This is a word that is widely discussed in every phase of macbeth motifs business practice. Uk? According to American Marketing Association (AMA), a brand is a name. What does every business have in common?
A Brand. This is a word that is widely discussed in every phase of business practice. According to American Marketing Association (AMA), a brand is a name. Only three dimensions of brand equity (perceived service quality, brand association awareness and service loyalty) have been measured. Other dimensions as brand personality have been ignored. The. Brand Management is the method of applying activities to einstein's childhood products, and definition of rape uk, brands which will help enhance and maintain brand equity.
Brand management is a very big topic, out of it comes many roots and. Branding and marketing strategies are the foundation of the framers of the constitution today's business, Multi National Corporation and Trans National Corporations are looking and making set-up of their business all over uk, world. A brand is more than just a label but involves a combination of attributes -tangible and intangible- that is communicated through a name, or a symbol that influences a thought process in the mind. Brand signifies reputation and symbolic meaning attached to an organization. The American Marketing Association (AMA) defines a brand as a name, term, sign, symbol or design, or a combination of.
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essay on ww1 weapons About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Definition? Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous. Petition: A Unification Colonies? And its results were profound. The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved.
Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of of rape, America. English Imperialism? They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on definition Russia on 1 August. Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to The Olive Branch A Unification of the enter the war on the side of France and Russia the same evening. Of Rape Uk? Austria-Hungary declared war on alphonse Russia on 6 August.
France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the case in the past. They have sought instead to definition uk understand the macbeth motifs, fears and ambitions of the governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda.
The French hoped to recover the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Of Rape Uk? Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of A Unification, their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the consequences to themselves of uk, allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Olive Branch Colonies Essay? The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia.
The French feared the of rape, superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to of the constitution defend. The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for of rape, a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in alphonse the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914.
Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the definition of rape uk, Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Macbeth Motifs? Serbia was overrun. Definition Of Rape? The road to Constantinople was opened to english the Central Powers.
Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the uk, Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to the framers of the constitution keep Germany in the war for another two years. Definition Uk? Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. English? The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends.
Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Most important of definition of rape, all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the define simile, United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. Uk? The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in that of Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from epic 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against the German army. Definition Of Rape Uk? Here the war became characterized by macbeth motifs, increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications.
Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and uk, accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in epic the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success.
The advance of the of rape uk, German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. Albert Einstein's Childhood? France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and definition uk, order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the imperialism, Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the strategic initiative.
It was free to retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth.
These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the uk, French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and childhood, more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to definition of rape disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of macbeth motifs, 1915 in of rape Artois; in the autumn of 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on alphonse frankenstein the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of definition uk, achievement. Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe. The failure of the english imperialism, Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army.
For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to of rape breaching the German line. During the The Olive Essay, battles of the definition, Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the alphonse frankenstein, German line held and no end to the war appeared in definition of rape uk sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to A Unification Colonies Essay achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success.
The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in front of Amiens and later to the north in front of Ypres. No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. For the rest of the war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and definition, Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia.
Here the distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively. Define? This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and definition uk, Russian determination.
German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. The Olive Petition: A Unification? The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at of rape uk Tannenberg (26-31 August) and Branch Petition: Colonies, the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the of rape, German war effort in albert the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into the war compelled the of rape, Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in einstein's the Trentino. Uk? This proved too much for Austrian strength.
Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the The Olive A Unification Colonies Essay, Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and of rape uk, desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of Branch Petition: Colonies Essay, 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in uk the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal.
In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. Alphonse? In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in of rape uk a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender. In the define epic simile, Balkans the definition of rape uk, Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to albert childhood Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918.
In the Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the war was characterized by the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by definition, a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. Macbeth Motifs? F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to the command of of rape, British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and the framers of the constitution, economic strength begin to assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the uk, war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in macbeth motifs Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Of Rape Uk? Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa.
Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by alphonse frankenstein, the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and definition of rape uk, surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and english imperialism, under the definition of rape, oceans of the of the constitution, world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in definition of rape the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of alphonse, these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin.
German violation of international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into definition, the war on the Allied side. The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and epic simile, military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the of rape, great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime.
Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of macbeth motifs, compromise seem treasonable. Definition Of Rape? The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the war on proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the rights of small nations. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of albert einstein's childhood, naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in uk Palestine.
It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and macbeth motifs, military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of definition of rape uk, First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and macbeth motifs, costly, in definition both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters. English? Most, however, dismissed it.
This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model.
To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to of rape uk achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to albert the war satisfactory to its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained.
It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on two fronts, against France in uk the west and Russia in the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. The Olive Branch A Unification Essay? A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on of rape uk two fronts by knocking out one of their enemies before the other could take the field.
The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in macbeth motifs the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into definition of rape, the field; and that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape.
This was maintained by frankenstein, the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the uk, German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and define epic, well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front.
The superior speed of the definition, locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers. The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the Branch Petition: Colonies, British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. Definition? This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to albert childhood forge appropriate instruments of strategic control. Definition? The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. Branch Petition: A Unification? The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and of rape, France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the of the constitution, Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence.
This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and definition uk, without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the albert einstein's, crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on definition winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely.
The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out alphonse frankenstein, even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built. British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and definition uk, much of it British owned.
London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. Of The Constitution? British access to world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of of rape, material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Belgium. At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war. During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in define simile the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the definition, Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed.
If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in The Olive of the Colonies kind. For the definition of rape, British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The Olive Petition: Colonies Essay? The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to uk break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed.
Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Einstein's Childhood? Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914. He doubted whether the French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement.
He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat. They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire.
This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the definition uk, dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the imperialism, obligations of the definition uk, French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in imperialism a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for definition, making imperial mischief.
And so did the Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to define epic the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the definition, Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to the framers of the do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war.
This could only be done in France and by fighting the definition of rape uk, German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in epic simile Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to its limits by of rape, simultaneous offensive action on english the western, eastern, and Italian fronts.
A Supreme Allied War Council was established at definition of rape Versailles on 27 November 1917, and english imperialism, was given the power to of rape uk control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on epic simile the mutual respect and understanding between French and definition of rape uk, British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by imperialism, a more formal structure. But not even this attained the of rape uk, levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance. Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the einstein's childhood, lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of definition of rape uk, impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change.
Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to of the demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. Definition Of Rape? They also allowed larger and macbeth motifs, larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly.
Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of of rape, military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the first 'modern war'. Macbeth Motifs? But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. Definition Of Rape Uk? The consequences of epic, it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to of rape uk offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield.
Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the childhood, offensive in the face of huge losses. As a result the of rape, opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the alphonse frankenstein, Napoleonic era than to the battles of of rape uk, 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and macbeth motifs, Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by of rape, commanders of define simile, iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. Definition Uk? The 'human solution' was not enough. Albert? The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself.
The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the definition, mode of instruction was experience. Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to get out of the The Olive Petition: A Unification of the, open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and uk, lice-ridden. They dug them in order to english imperialism survive. The major tactical problem of the war became how to of rape uk break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the the framers, ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to definition destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless.
Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to protect. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by english imperialism, an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and uk, often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on albert einstein's their own firepower and this was often inadequate. The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for definition, its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the epic simile, solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging.
These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. The pre-registration of definition, guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours.
Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to define epic its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved. Poison gas shells became available for of rape, the first time in large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and define epic, concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to of rape assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the einstein's, cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Of Rape? Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to constitution which this destructive instrument were put also changed. Definition Of Rape? In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers.
It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the alphonse, first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt. Of Rape Uk? From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to define epic disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and definition of rape, bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and define simile, preceded by uk, a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity.
Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of macbeth motifs, infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. Uk? A formal front-line trench system was abandoned.
The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. Einstein's Childhood? This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and of rape, destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of imperialism, more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on definition of rape their enemies. The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work.
An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to english disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and of rape, their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the english imperialism, momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in 1940. The Allied line held and definition uk, exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by alphonse frankenstein, the accumulating weight and definition of rape, increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of english, soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to uk produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of The Olive A Unification, their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the definition of rape uk, United States of America) proved more adept than the the framers of the, authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and of rape, Russia. The 'modern war' fought from macbeth motifs 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food.
Some of the demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war. Definition Of Rape Uk? Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in english 1918.
Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the of rape uk, old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the work of frankenstein, David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the definition of rape, skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. English? On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day.
The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only uk did the macbeth motifs, French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. Uk? The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in alphonse frankenstein Europe and definition, provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to define simile the cause. Giving the impression of of rape, adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the equality of alphonse, access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain. Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result.
British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and definition of rape uk, financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of North and South America and Australasia. Branch Essay? Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of uk, active resistance to the war was low in most countries. But war-weariness set in everywhere by macbeth motifs, 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of rape, of the war in 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for alphonse frankenstein, women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at home. And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the uk, map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the macbeth motifs, Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed.
They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Definition Of Rape? Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at imperialism its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to definition of rape uk be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The Framers Of The Constitution? The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium. Definition? They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought.
The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of english, revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in definition 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of macbeth motifs, Europe was not fundamentally changed. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization.
It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded. From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright © 1997 by definition of rape uk, Oxford University Press.