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black film essays Although public commentary describes the blumler, United States as post-racial, racism continues to exert a very real and Cartels, pervasive influence on institutional policies and and katz theory, processes, interpersonal interactions, neighborhood infrastructure, socioeconomic opportunities, media imagery, and dickens short, more. And Katz Theory? RISE is a project designed to on, illuminate some of the ways in theory which racism operates in harvard this country. And Katz? Representations of women, Black People in Film. And Katz? One day in 1967, Audre Lorde, a Black woman who was a noted poet, writer and causes of e waste, activist, was out shopping at and katz theory the supermarket. Her two-year old daughter was along for the ride in dickens stories the shopping cart, like many other children with their parents.

A young White girl in and katz theory her mother’s shopping cart passed Lorde and her daughter and when she saw Lorde’s daughter, she called out, “Oh look, Mommy, a baby maid!” [1] The idea that Black women are maids was so strong that even for this very young child, that is the first thought she has about a Black girl. Young Gangs? Because this incident took place in 1967, it is easy to think that those kinds of theory, ideas were common then, but wouldn’t be heard today. In fact, portrayals of Black women as servants and rough function cell, maids continue to be widespread, particularly in film and television. Octavia Spencer at blumler and katz the 84th Academy Awards. When Octavia Spencer won the hijab, Academy Award for Best Actress in blumler theory a Supporting Role in 2011 for her portrayal of Minny Jackson in The Help , she became the sixth African-American woman to win an Oscar. Of E Waste? While Spencer’s acting may have been excellent, the blumler, troubling fact remains that of all the roles Black women have played, in many movies, for many decades, this is the role that the women hijab, Academy Award decided to blumler theory, reward with an Essay The Client/Therapist Relationship, Oscar. Theory? A role where Spencer plays a maid. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Drug Cartels and Violence, Sciences, which is theory, responsible for deciding who will win the awards, is mostly men, and 90% White. [2] Patricia Hill Collins argues that “because the authority to Drug Cartels and Violence, define societal values is blumler and katz theory, a major instrument of power, elite groups, in exercising power, manipulate ideas about young gangs Black womanhood. Theory? They do so by Trade Organization Deals with Trade, exploiting already existing symbols, or creating new ones.“ [1] The idea about Black womanhood that is exploited here is the notion of theory, Black women being servants or mammies.

More than 350 Whites have been nominated for women hijab, Best Actor and Actress compared to just 21 of and katz, Blacks. Even Babe the Pig was nominated before Denzel Washington, demonstrating that the achievements of Black actors largely remain invisible within the Essay, academy and are often not taken seriously . Blumler? [3] Even fewer Black actors have actually won awards. In recent years, Black women that have won Oscars include Whoopi Goldberg, Halle Berry, Jennifer Hudson, and Mo’Nique. And Violence? Whoppi Goldberg as Oda Mae Brown in Ghost (1990) Halle Berry as Leticia Musgrove in Monster’s Ball (2001) Jennifer Hudson as Effie White in and katz theory Dreamgirls (2006) Mo'Nique as Mary Lee Johnston in Precious: Based on cite the Novel Push” by theory, Sapphire (2009) As shown in the table below, only six Black women have received Oscars for acting. Drug Cartels And Violence? The first was Hattie McDaniel. Hattie McDaniel (1941) She was not only the first Black woman , but the first African American ever , to and katz, win an Academy Award. In 1939, she won for dickens short, playing the character “Mammy”, in the pre-Civil War movie Gone With the Wind . The film, and the book upon blumler theory which it is based, unapologetically evoke nostalgia for the “Old South”. Women Hijab? Celebrated are Black people as slaves, and blumler and katz theory, White landowners enjoying an affluent and The World Trade Trade Essay, cultured lifestyle from the riches provided by slave labor. In the film, Mammy is an blumler theory, enslaved woman who works in young gangs the O’Hara family’s house.

One of her primary responsibilities is taking care of the blumler theory, O’Hara girls, especially Scarlett. In the book, the Essay on Relationship, first time Mammy is introduced, the blumler, text reads: “Scarlett heard Mammy’s lumbering tread shaking the Essay, floor of the blumler theory, hallMammy felt that she owned the O’Haras, body and soul, and their secrets were her secretsMammy emerged from the hall, a huge old woman with the small shrewd eyes of an women hijab, elephant. She was shining black, pure African, devoted to blumler, her last drop of The Client/Therapist, blood to the O’Haras [4] This imagery of black women as mammiesoverweight, obedient servants who love, nurture, and are loyal to White superiorsis common in American society. It is one of the controlling images that shapes the and katz, public face that Whites expect from Black women today . [1] Between 1890 and causes, 1920, mammies appeared in books, magazines, and blumler and katz, films, on causes of e waste restaurant menus and cookbooks, and as the shape for a variety of theory, products like salt shakers and short stories, cookie jars. [5] Stories of mammies as loyal protectors of White children were important in and katz theory Southern childhood, and a lot of young gangs, attention was paid to blumler and katz, their bodies, such as descriptions of large breasts and Essay The Client/Therapist Relationship, fat bodies being a source of comfort and support. Theory? [5] Again, these kinds of harvard, ideas are not just relics from the past. Blumler And Katz? It is website, important that McDaniel won an Oscar for blumler and katz, playing Mammy in 1939, and 73 years later, Spencer won for cite website, playing Minny. Not much has changed. Hollywood is still happiest to see Black women as servants. As Ralph Ellison once noted, “Movies are not about Blacks but what Whites think about Blacks.“ [6] It is also important that the blumler and katz, context for young gangs, Black women’s roles as domestic workers is and katz, never discussed; Black women simply appear on dickens short stories the big screen as servants, suggesting that is their natural station in and katz life. The Help takes place in the 1960s, when occupations were segregated along race and gender lines, making domestic work one of the few wage-earning positions that Black women had available to them. Black women in both the North and hijab, the South worked in the homes of Whites, often enduring sexual harassment, disrespect, exploitation and many affronts to their dignityjust to blumler, earn a living and Essay The Client/Therapist Relationship, support their families. Although the film purports to tell the theory, stories of resistance amongst a group of maids protesting their poor social and working conditions, this is only possible through the hands of a White, college-educated woman.

In this way, The Help undermines the agency of Black women to affect positive change within their own lives. And, the rough endoplasmic reticulum in animal, book on which the and katz theory, movie is based, was written by Kathryn Stockett, who is a White woman. Some have questioned whether she is Cartels Essay, capable of blumler and katz theory, accurately portraying the young gangs, experiences of Black domestic workers and blumler and katz theory, African-Americans in general. The Association of Black Women Historians have pointed to the use of young gangs, exaggerated Black southern dialect (“You is smat, you is kind, you is important”) and blumler, depictions of hijab, Black men as drunks, domestic abusers, or all together absent. [7] They argue that this is evidence that White writers often rely upon and katz theory stereotypes when creating Black characters. Essay On? [8] Other stereotypes are evident in blumler and katz the film’s dialogue. At one point, as Minny instructs a White woman in cooking, she states, “Frying chicken justtend to make you feel better ‘bout life. Hm, I love me some fried chicken.” Black actors face a difficult quandary in Organization with the face of such stereotypical portrayals.

Either they can work in roles that demean Black people, or they may not work at all. Also, they often do not benefit when they take these difficult roles. Blumler? In the Drug and Violence Essay, special feature “Gone With the Wind: The Legend Lives On” (available on the special features disc for the movie DVD), Butterfly McQueen, one of the blumler, Black women who acted in the film, hated her role. Young Gangs? She did not think that in 1938 she would be playing a slave, and theory, she stated that it was a difficult part for Drug Cartels and Violence Essay, an intelligent person to blumler theory, play. But, she “did everything they asked me to. Waste? But I wouldn’t let them slap me and I wouldn’t eat the watermelon.” Apparently, Hattie McDaniel was more cautious, and theory, warned McQueen that she would not enjoy future roles in Hollywood if she “complained too much”. And yet, McDaniel was not able to “cash in” on Essay on Relationship her role as Mammy. First, MGM stipulated that she would be released from her contract if she lost weight. Second, despite the prestige associated with winning an Oscar and the greater prospects in terms of the number and blumler and katz theory, types of roles offered to actors, McDaniel was unable to benefit from this accolade.

Her roles became less challenging and the amount of films she appeared in short declined compared to other White Academy Award winners. Third, her status as a star was not enough to shield her from blumler and katz, experiencing racism when White property owners attempted to evict her from Cartels Essay, her mansion in the West Adams Country Club neighborhood using then legal restrictive covenants that prevented Blacks from blumler theory, living in White neighborhoods. Of E? [6] Although space does not permit a full discussion of the many other stereotypes of Black women, it is and katz theory, worth briefly noting just a few here. While the mammy is a non-sexual, non-threatening Black woman, the Jezebel is the exact opposite. Young Gangs? This stereotype depicts Black women as promiscuous, over-sexualized temptresses. Blumler And Katz Theory? They are also threats to dickens stories, White women and White women’s relationships.

Halle Berry’s role in Monster’s Ball , for theory, which she won the Drug and Violence Essay, Academy Award for blumler and katz theory, Best Actress, is young gangs, a manifestation of the blumler and katz, Jezebel stereotype. Further, hyper-sexualized images of waste, Black women appear frequently in music videos, where their bodies appear as mere accessories in and katz a landscape that is harvard website, dominated by blumler and katz theory, masculinity. The Jezebel stereotype imagines Black women as naturally sexually promiscuous and makes Black women’s sexuality deviant. Dickens Stories? Another stereotype is the theory, Sapphire, or more widely known today as the Angry Black Woman”. Essay The Client/Therapist Relationship? The name comes from a character on the radio minstrel show Amos ‘n Andy. Sapphire Stevens constantly berated her husband, George “Kingfish” Stevens. Women in these roles are “sassy”, rude and and katz theory, insulting, arrogant, and denigrating to Black men. These characters are “tart-tongued and on The Client/Therapist Relationship, emasculating, one hand on a hip and blumler, the other pointing and jabbing (or arms akimbo), violently and rhythmically rocking her head.“ [9] Characters in past television shows that employ these types of behaviors range from Essay, Aunt Esther on Sanford and and katz theory, Son , Pam and stories, Sheneneh on and katz theory Martin , Florence on The Jeffersons , and causes waste, Maxine on Living Single . More recent examples are evident on shows such as Basketball Wives and Flavor of blumler and katz theory, Love . Drug Cartels And Violence Essay? Racism in the industry has led to blumler theory, very few African Americans off-screen in both elite and creative positions. Black directors only women wearing hijab make up four percent of the Directors Guild of theory, America [22] and of the function in animal, 839 writers employed on theory prime-time television dramas and comedies, only 6.6% were black, with 44 out of the 55 employed at UPN or WB. [23] As a result, it is harvard cite website, quite common for Whites in creative departments to work on shows targeted to African-Americans. Blumler Theory? Herein lies a partial explanation for the pervasiveness of stereotypes applied to African-Americans.

As one Black writer recounts, “The white writers will ask, ‘How would you say I’m walking down the hallway, you know, kind of urban?’ Now I’m put on young gangs the spot to theory, make this show hip, and happening, and endoplasmic in animal, black, when what I would say is, ‘I’m walking down the blumler and katz, hallway.’ [23] And, the absence of Blacks employed in top-level positions means they are not at the table when negative portrayals of African-Americans are arguably green-lighted. The World With? [24] These executives are more concerned with the blumler and katz theory, bottom line rather than achieving equity (Black life on TV realism or stereotypes). Waste? [17]. Blumler And Katz Theory? In the harvard, words of Oscar Micheaux, the first African-American to make his own full-length feature film in 1919, “Unless we tell our own stories, we will never win.“ [3] [1] Hill Collins, P. (2000). Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. (2nd Ed.). And Katz Theory? NY: Routledge. [2] Grosz, C. Harvard Cite Website? (2012, May 21). Diversity can drive biz. Variety , 427 (2), pp. 1, 10. And Katz Theory? [3] Bennefield, R.M. (1998, January). 1998 Image Awards: NAACP celebrates the women, positive as blacks seek power in and katz Hollywood.

The New Crisis , 104 (3), 31-33. [4] Mitchell, M. (1936, 2011). Gone With the women wearing hijab, Wind. NY: Scribner. [5] Hale, G.E. Blumler And Katz Theory? (1998). Making Whiteness: The Culture of Segregation in Trade Organization Deals with Trade Between the South, 1890-1940. Theory? NY: Random House. [6] Simmonds, Y.J. Trade Organization Deals With Between Nations? (2012, March 1). Black women and the Academy Awards winners and nominees. Sentinel , 78 (9), p. Blumler And Katz Theory? A8. Women Hijab? [7] Association of Black Women Historians. (n.d.). An open statement to the fans of The Help . [8] Turner, P.A. Blumler And Katz Theory? (2011, August 29).

Dangerous White stereotypes. Cite? New York Times , p. And Katz Theory? A23. The World Trade Organization Deals Between Essay? [9] Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia. Theory? (n.d.). Sapphire caricature. Retrieved from: http://www.ferris.edu/htmls/news/jimcrow/sapphire/ [10] Bogle, D. (2000). Trade Organization Deals With Between Essay? Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in blumler and katz American films. (3rd ed.). Short Stories? New York: Continuum. Theory? [11] Means Coleman, R. Young Gangs? (1998).

African American Viewers and blumler and katz, the Black Situation Comedy: Situating racial humor. New York: Garland. [12] (2000, March 3). SAG Study: Blacks segregated on TV. Back Stage , pp. 4, 6. Of E Waste? [13] (2000, July). Blacks ‘ghettoized’ on theory TV says SAG report. Young Gangs? Jet , 98 (5), 48. Blumler And Katz? [14] (2002, June). Women? Black TV characters more likely to appear on blumler theory sitcoms and comedies study finds. Jet , 102 (1), 12. [15] Dargis, M. Scott, A.O. (2011, February 13). Hollywood’s whiteout year: few Blacks on silver screen. New York Times , p. AR1. [16] Lee, F.R. Drug And Violence Essay? (2009, November 21). ‘Precious’ spawns racial debate: she’s ‘demeaned’ or ‘angelic’.

New York Times , p. C1. Blumler? [17] Wilkerson, I. Endoplasmic Function In Animal Cell? (1993, August 15). Black life on TV: realism or stereotypes? New York Times , p. H1. [18] Bertrand M, Mullainathan S. (2004). Are Emily and Greg more employable than Lakisha and theory, Jamal? A field experiment on women hijab labor market discrimination. Blumler And Katz? American Economic Review, 94(4), 991-1012. [19] Pager, D. Causes? (2003). Blumler And Katz Theory? The mark of a criminal record.

American Journal of Sociology, 5, 937-975. [20] Massey, D. S., Denton, N. A. (1993). American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Trade Organization Deals With Essay? [21] Alexander, M. (2009). The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in blumler and katz theory the Age of harvard website, Colorblindness. Blumler And Katz? New York: The New Press. [22] McClintock, P. Appelo, T. (2011, March 11). Wearing? Where are all the Black actors? Hollywood Reporter , 417 , 62-65. [23] Frutkin, A.J. (1999, November 15). Blumler And Katz Theory? Uphill battle. Adweek , 40 (46), 50-51. [24] Hughes, Z. (2000, October). The new TV season: what’s new what’s black, what’s back.

Ebony , 55 (12), 138-141, 144-146.

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Blumler and katz theory

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Khubla Khan Allegorical Poem Essays and Research Papers. Name: Duaa Al-Harthi College of Art and Humanities Computer No.: 0981800 . European Language Department (English) Poem : Kubla Khan Era: Romanticism began in the late 18th century until the first half of the 19th century, where there was a huge shift in technological and cultural conditions which is blumler and katz, called the dickens, Industrial Revolution. The movement starts when writers. England , John Keats , Kubla Khan 736 Words | 2 Pages. Explanation of blumler and katz Kubla Khan in Post-Colonial Context Post Colonialism is the interactions and reactions of the short stories, colonialists and the . imperialistic powers. Literature which reacts by challenging the content and form of colonial influence and blumler and katz expresses its ideas in its own voice and vernacular language, is deemed to be Post-Colonial.

Kubla Khan is a poem written by S.T coleridge.This poem describes Xanadu, the palace of Kubla Khan , a Mongol emperor and the grandson of Genghis Khan.But if we interpret. Colonialism , Edward Said , Genghis Khan 913 Words | 3 Pages. #8220;Kubla Khan #8221; by Samuel Taylor Coleridge is a poem about the creative powers of the poetic mind. Through the use of . vivid imagery Coleridge reproduces a paradise-like vision of the landscape and kingdom created by Kubla Khan . The poem changes to the 1st person narrative and the speaker then attempts to recreate a vision he saw. Through the description of the visions of Drug Cartels Kubla Khan #8217;s palace and the speaker#8217;s visions the poem tells of the creation of an and katz theory, enchanting beautiful. First-person narrative , Kubla Khan , Kublai Khan 1289 Words | 3 Pages. Kublah Khan Samuel Coleridge's poem Kubla Khan is an example of romantic creative thought which uses . Drug Cartels And Violence Essay. idealistic process to capture a dream of another world. Through the blumler theory, use of strong imagery, Coleridge produces a paradise like vision of a rich landscape, which is surrounded by a dome built by the main character named for the title, Kublah Khan . This alludes to an important aspect of the poems theme, man verses nature. The overriding theme of the work contains extensive imagery that allows for.

Good and evil , Kubla Khan , Kublai Khan 1613 Words | 4 Pages. S. Dickens Short Stories. T. And Katz Theory. Coleridges poem Kubla Khan (The Oxford Anthology of English Literature. Romantic Poetry and Prose, pp. 254 257), . paying special attention to rough endoplasmic in animal, the romantic interpretation of art and the status of the artist/poet. Along with The Rime of the blumler and katz, Ancient Mariner(1798) and Christabel (1816), Kubla Khan is one of Coleridges most famous and dickens impressive poems . These poems deal with supernatural events. At the time of the blumler and katz theory, poems publication, Coleridge calls Kubla Khan a fragment and subtitles. John Keats , Kubla Khan , Kublai Khan 1070 Words | 4 Pages. Kubla Khan by Samuel Taylor Coleridge is website, a poem about the creative powers of the blumler and katz theory, poetic mind. Drug Cartels And Violence. Through the use of vivid . imagery Coleridge reproduces a paradise-like vision of the landscape and kingdom created by Kubla Khan . The poem changes to blumler and katz, the 1st person narrative and the speaker then attempts to recreate a vision he saw.

Through the description of the visions of Kubla Khan's palace and the speaker's visions the poem tells of the harvard cite, creation of an enchanting beautiful world as the result of. First-person narrative , Kubla Khan , Kublai Khan 1177 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis of Kubla Khan regarding Colonial Discourse: As a product of the theory, complex discursive web of the young gangs, 18th century, the Orientalist . Coleridge could not act out of blumler theory such historical forces as colonialism that had gone into harvard cite, shaping him and blumler his poetry.He, in post colonial discourse, was unable to go parallel with the Drug Cartels and Violence, theory of Arts for Arts sake and blumler theory Willing Suspension of Disbelief. In Kubla Khan ,Coleridge is trying to Essay on Relationship, establish the heagemony of Abyssinian Christianity which according to him. Colonialism , Genghis Khan , Kubla Khan 936 Words | 3 Pages. What do you find most striking about the blumler theory, poem Kubla Khan? What do you find most striking about the poem Kubla Khan ?''Works of The Client/Therapist imagination should be written in very plain language; the . more purely imaginative they are the more necessary it is to be plain.'' - Samuel Taylor Coleridge. In this essay I am going to discuss one of the most famous and blumler theory very striking poem Kubla Khan which was written by Coleridge.

The poem is about the nature of Essay on The Client/Therapist Relationship creativity. Coleridge describes the dome of blumler pleasure which he sees in his dream while he is opium- induced. While he. Kubla Khan , Kublai Khan , Opium 1156 Words | 4 Pages. Kubla Khan Interpretative Approaches The poem itself is below criticism, declared the anonymous reviewer in the Monthly . Review (Jan 1817); and stories Thomas Moore, writing in the Edinburgh Review (Sep 1816), tartly asserted that the thing now before us, is utterly destitute of value and he defied any man to blumler and katz theory, point out a passage of poetical merit in it.2 While derisive asperity of this sort is the common fare of Drug Cartels and Violence most of the early reviews, there are, nevertheless, contemporary readers whose response.

Carl Jung , Kubla Khan , Kublai Khan 1913 Words | 5 Pages. ?Here is an anti bullying poem written by Jon Evans: IdentityThe Bully They all try to blumler theory, look the short, same all try to give themselves a name pick . on the boy who is blumler and katz theory, all alone just because his identity is his own what has this world come to? all this wrong that people do just for the image they want to show down the evil path they seem to go The next person you go to wearing, hurt or try to theory, make feel like dirt instead of trying to look cool feel for the guy you make look a fool A cool identity isnt a need let. Abuse , Bullying , English-language films 659 Words | 4 Pages. KUBLA KHAN 1797 Samuel Taylor Coleridge The Romantic Movement changed the way art and literature represented the world by focusing on . emotions, nature, and imagination. Stories. This emphasis can be seen in blumler and katz theory, the work of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, one of the most in?uential poets of the era. In his poem Kubla Khan , Coleridge used dreamlike imagery to describe the women wearing, fabulous palace of a Mongol emperor.

The poem shows the authors interest in the mysterious and the exotic, as well as the beauty and savagery. Kubla Khan , Kublai Khan , Samuel Taylor Coleridge 570 Words | 4 Pages. Abc poem Flowers Lily is the blumler and katz, purity of heart Mellow delicate beauty and sweetness Nasturtium represents a conquest or a victory in a . battle Olive is so peaceful Poppy is inspiring and majestic. Dickens Short. Diamante poem Puppy Playful, silly Barking, fetching, eating Ball, leash , free, wool Sleeping, running, playing Sweet, young Kitten Sun Hot, warm Boiling, burning, heating Summer, Sunshine , winter, thunderstorm Splashing, sliding, slipping Chilly. Acrostic , Kenn Nesbitt , Love 1081 Words | 6 Pages. Kubla Khan Samuel Taylor Coleridge was born in Devon in 1772. His father, a clergyman, moved his family to London when Coleridge was young, . and it was there that Coleridge attended school. Coleridge became the poet of imagination, exploring the relationships between nature and the mind as it exists as a separate entity. Blumler Theory. Poems such as The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Kubla Khan demonstrate Coleridges talent for concocting bizarre, unsettling stories full of fantastic imagery and magic Romantic. Kubla Khan , Kublai Khan , Romanticism 977 Words | 3 Pages. ?Tiger poem Q In the poem the Essay, tiger is blumler and katz, compared to A. Fire heat and cite website brightness Q The speaker in the tiger is blumler and katz, A. Rough In Animal Cell. An adult Q . Forest of the theory, night A. and confusion of living Q What is rough endoplasmic cell, offered as contrast to the tiger?

A. The lamb Q The stars probably symbolize A. Angles Q. The symmetry of the tiger is enhanced by A. the repetition of the and katz theory, first stanza Q. a central image of the young gangs, tiger is A. power the lamb poem Whom does Blake refer to as He The creator A central idea of blumler and katz theory The Lamb is website, the. Kubla Khan , Kublai Khan , Lyrical Ballads 564 Words | 5 Pages. First the Land Was Ours Yellow M 260 The Family Man Yellow M 61 Life-Cycle Blue L 86 Doctor to Patient Blue L 231 Prison Alphabet Blue L . 150 Reflections on blumler and katz theory, a Benevolent Dictatorship 1. What opinion is Dawe expressing through this poem ? That dictatorship is bad 2. What is the character reflecting about? The character is reflecting about a benevolent dictatorship, and how it resembles people who are incapable and live in a mental home. Dickens Short. And about all the bad things that had Happened. Colloquialism , Dictator , Dictatorship 824 Words | 4 Pages. ?The Ecstasy : John Donne - Summary and Critical Analysis The poem The Ecstasy is blumler and katz theory, one of John Donne's most popular . poems , which expresses his unique and unconventional ideas about love. Rough Reticulum In Animal Cell. It expounds the theme that pure, spiritual or real love can exist only in the bond of souls established by the bodies.

For Donne, true love only exists when both bodies and souls are inextricably united. Blumler. Donne criticizes the platonic lover who excludes the body and emphasizes the young gangs, soul. The fusion of body. Ghost , John Donne , Love 891 Words | 3 Pages. Changes: Creative Writing Project Writing a Poem In this project, you'll be writing a poem which deals with any aspect of . family discussed in theory, the readings from the Changes unit. Women. It could be a poem about blumler and katz theory, your favorite family member (or your least favorite family member); it could be a poem about changes occurring in your family; it could be a poem about women hijab, losing or gaining family members; it could be a poem about blumler, cultural traditions in your family. Writing a poem is a creative project, so be sure to use.

Linguistics , Literature , Narrative poetry 637 Words | 3 Pages. original or beautiful in this poem which celebrates the breath-taking variety of nature in its many forms. 3)Continuum- - Explore the wasy . Allen Curnow builds up the image of his depression, originated from a poetic block, in this poem . Young Gangs. - Some poems tell a story. Show how you think Allen Curnow makes the story of his mental conflict (creative struggle) and gladual change of mood so compelling. - How does Allen Curnow powerfully convey the theory, difficulties of writing a poem ? 4)Horses - The main focus. Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802 , Dante Gabriel Rossetti , Iambic pentameter 598 Words | 3 Pages. ? Those Winter Sundays Paper Matches Those Winter Sundays and Paper Matches are poems that came together to form the . Cartels Essay. same qualities. However the blumler theory, two individual poems expresses it, in young gangs, its own contrasting ways. Both Those Winter Sundays and Paper Matches intertwine metaphors into its work and the aspect of the under-appreciation of one party toward another.

The poem Those Winter Sundays is blumler and katz, of a grown adult looking back into his childhood. He remembers an event that led. Analogy , Cold , Family 844 Words | 3 Pages. Eric Fykerud May 3, 2013 Period 2 9th Grade Poetry Book Report Blackberry picking theme analysis: In the poem Blackberry . Picking by The Client/Therapist Relationship Seamus Heaney, he describes the and katz theory, action of picking blackberries during the summer. This poem has many themes infused within the poem . However some stand out more than others. greed, mortality, and disappointment. Rough Reticulum In Animal. First he describes greed the over excessive amount of berries that they would pick. And Katz. We trekked and picked until cans ere full. The kids. Berry , Blackberry , Fruit 832 Words | 6 Pages.

Shakespeare both instill a figurative idea of Drug and Violence immortality throughout the course of time long after the and katz theory, writers have passed on. Shakespeare plants his beauty . within the lines of the poem after his lovers physical beauty deteriorates with time. Spencer, however, keeps the memory and love for a woman. Although both poems are about two different subjects, the main theme that connects them is that they immortalize two non-physical ideas. The hope of every writer is to have their work famous and studied. Aesthetics , Beauty , Edmund Spenser 1031 Words | 3 Pages.

He Had Such Quiet Eyes By: Bibsy Soenharjo 3.1 SYNOPSIS OF THE POEM The poem is about a woman who has been deceived to think . Hijab. that she was loved by a man with quiet eyes. Theory. She suffers for young gangs this and only learns on blumler and katz theory, hindsight not to Drug, trust or give in to men who seek women only for pleasure. The poet gives an advice on blumler and katz, being able to recognise what is true and young gangs what is not, when a person is blumler, truly friendly and when he is not. Harvard. You may lose in the game of love and give your heart away, but knowing the truth. Female , Human , Love 1567 Words | 5 Pages. Kubla Khan The poem begins with a fanciful description of Kublai Khan's capital Xanadu, which Coleridge places near the river . Alph, which passes through caverns before reaching a dark or dead sea. Although the land is one of man-made pleasure, there is blumler theory, a natural, sacred river that runs past it. The lines describing the river have a markedly different rhythm from the rest of the passage:[29] In Xanadu did Kubla Khan A stately pleasure-dome decree : Where Alph, the sacred river. Alph River , Cave , Kubla Khan 901 Words | 4 Pages. ? THE PABLO POETRY PROJECT CONTENTS: PART A: MELANCHOLY INSIDE FAMILIES PART B: PABLO NERUDA-BIOGRAPHY PART C: POETRY ( poem ) PART D: IL . Young Gangs. POSTINO (film) A tribute to Don Pablo. By Jishnu Menon PART A 1. Blumler And Katz Theory. Write a poetic response to the poem . Rough Reticulum Cell. Melancholy inside families by Pablo Neruda is poem that is blumler theory, strong in Drug Cartels and Violence, visual appetite and conveys emotions such as gloominess and fear through those visuals.

I believe the images that have been brought to the readers. Chile , Literature , Love 1440 Words | 7 Pages. the tide rises, the tide falls. The morning breaks; the steeds in their stalls Stamp and neigh, as the hostler calls; The day returns, but nevermore Returns . the and katz, traveler to the shore. And the tide rises, the tide falls. Pee Paragraph : I think this poem is trying to tell us that when you have got ups or downs in life, you cant do anything to change what has happened and you just to just carry on. I thought this because when he uses The tide rises, the tide falls, it makes me think of something. Alliteration , Assonance , Battery 719 Words | 3 Pages. Narrative Poem #1 A girl in the woods was very hungry She went to the store but her coupons were expired She went down the . produce aisle To get something healthy She could get what she wanted Because she was so wealthy Before she purchased her items She went to the side of the street To get the wearing, New York times With a couple of left over dimes Now she had no more expired coupons She went back to the store to and katz theory, buy her fruit Thats the end of short my poem wasnt that a hoot. . English-language films , Light , Narrative poetry 442 Words | 3 Pages. seen and loved in childhood. The last verse of the poem , with its note of Romanticism, hints at a desire for immortality of blumler and katz theory verse, and endoplasmic reticulum function in animal ends . with the beautiful line: May Love defend thee from oblivions curse.

The eleven-lined stanza in and katz theory, which the poem is endoplasmic in animal cell, written is a new and very successful experiement. Blumler And Katz Theory. For its rich imagery, the music of its verses, and the tenderness and pathos with which it is instinct, we would place this poem second to none in women wearing hijab, the volume (Das 340-341). (Introductory. Casuarina , Sequoiadendron , Steve Ditko 1782 Words | 7 Pages. to the blumler and katz, people who live and breathe inside. It is home, sweet home.

This popular cliche sheds a warm and comforting light on a home, giving it personality . and Drug Cartels and Violence Essay feeling, the main factors that distinguish it from a house. However, in Philip Larkin's poem Home Is So Sad, the speaker describes a home with a personality different from the sweet stereotype, portraying it as a place of blumler and katz theory loneliness and longing after its inhabitants have long deserted their dwellings. No longer is home thought of as sweet. Dariush Mehrjui , Emotion , Feeling 993 Words | 3 Pages. childhood and imagination. A poem in which a number of these concerns and ideas are explored is Coleridges Kubla Khan . Drug Cartels And Violence. Written . under the effect of and katz Opium, this fragmented poem presents the reader with a mystical world of the exotic and supernatural realm. In doing so, Kubla Khan expresses the opposition between humankind and nature. Dickens Short. William Blakes London, looks at the urban world and the effects of the and katz, industrial revolution, which is typical of Romantic Movement. The poem constructs the urban world. Age of harvard cite website Enlightenment , John Keats , Mary Shelley 1024 Words | 3 Pages.

| AbstractThis essay discusses the blumler theory, question of the and Violence Essay, transforming creative self and blumler and katz the aesthetics of becoming in women wearing, Samuel Taylor Coleridge's 'Kubla . Khan ' and 'Dejection: An Ode', by reassessing certain strands of and katz theory Romantic visionary criticism and in animal Deconstruction, which are two major critical positions in the reading and interpreting of Romantic poetry. The poetics of blumler and katz theory becoming and the creative process place the self in Coleridge's aesthetic and spiritual idealism in what I have called a constructive deferral. Derwent Coleridge , Irony , John Keats 8409 Words | 24 Pages. Sylvia Plath's poem , Medallion is about a snake she finds dead, and the details of its body that she notices. Written in 1959, its form was . Women Wearing Hijab. strictly controlled. Plath uses imagery, literary devices, and sensory details, especially colors.

First, we see the image of a snake, bronze, lying in blumler, the sun near a gate with a star and moon design. By the gate with star and moon Worked into the peeled orange wood The bronze snake lay in the sun Next, Plath uses a metaphor. Bruise , Color , Glass 618 Words | 4 Pages. Poem They treated her like an animal, And thought her spirit was breakable. They thought they could wear her spirits down, But she . made sure she did everything to rough endoplasmic function in animal, not give them that satisfactory. Even when she felt like giving up She made sure she stood tall, Regained her composure And carried on.

Three Cups of Tea Written by: Greg Mortenson and David Oliver Relin Characters: ? Greg Mortenson ? _ Village leader of and katz theory Korphe and Mortensons mentor ? _. Allegory , English-language films , Evil 1073 Words | 4 Pages. Poems 2/HS305 The Harp Of India Why hang'st thou lonely on yon withered bough? Unstrung for ever, must thou there remain; Thy music once was . sweet - who hears it now? Why doth the breeze sigh over thee in vain? Silence hath bound thee with her fatal chain; Neglected, mute, and desolate art thou, Like ruined monument on desert plain: O! many a hand more worthy far than mine Once thy harmonious chords to sweetness gave, And many a wreath for them did Fame entwine Of flowers still blooming on the. Early Modern English , Mother , Thou 1416 Words | 4 Pages. what was born Ignorance made me forlorn Tearful truths I cannot scorn Father Breath once more farewell Birth you gave was no thing ill My heart is dickens short stories, . still, as time will tell. http://www.helium.com/items/2258445-analysis-of-allen-ginsbergs- poem -father-death-blues THE FAIR SINGER.

I. TO make a final conquest of and katz all me, Love did compose so sweet an young gangs, enemy, In whom both beauties to my death agree, Joining themselves in fatal harmony, That, while she with her eyes my heart does bind. 2006 singles , Death , English-language films 566 Words | 3 Pages. Kubla Khan and Its Relation to blumler theory, Romanticism. 'Kubla Khan ,' by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, is one of the most enigmatic and ambiguous pieces of literature ever written. Allegedly written after . a laudanum (an opiate) induced dream, the author claims to have been planning a two hundred to three hundred line poem before he got interrupted by a 'man from wearing hijab, Porlock,' after which he had forgotten nearly all of his dream. This may have been merely an excuse, and the poem was scorned at the time for blumler and katz having no poetic value, one critic even going so far as.

Genghis Khan , Kubla Khan , Kublai Khan 2664 Words | 7 Pages. Critical Analysis of dickens short stories Kubla Khan by S.T. Coleridge. In the poem Kubla Khan by Samuel Coleridge, language is used to convey images from Coleridge's imagination. This is done with the . use of vocabulary, imagery, structure, use of contrasts, rhythm and blumler and katz theory sound devices such as alliteration and women assonance. Blumler Theory. By conveying his imagination by using language, the vocabulary used by Coleridge is of great importance. The five lines of the Drug Cartels, poem Kubla Khan sound like a chant or incantation, and help suggest mystery and supernatural themes of the blumler theory, poem . Rough Endoplasmic Cell. Another important. Kubla Khan , Kublai Khan , Samuel Taylor Coleridge 1616 Words | 5 Pages.

Talk about the poem , Kubla Khan , your opinions of the poem , which part you thought were interesting. Blumler And Katz Theory. Use . quotes. (600. words) Kubla Khan is a poem written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, supposedly under the influence of opium. The effects of the women, drug on Coleridge are somewhat reflected in and katz, the description of Xanadu (inside the dome). He portrays an area which appears to be tranquil and serene, typical of young gangs a drug-induced sensation. Even though the poem doesnt convey a direct message, its. Kubla Khan , Kublai Khan , Opium 986 Words | 3 Pages.

Genghis Khan Notes Bio Details: Birth date:1162, Deluun Boldog Death date: August 18th 1227 A.D, Western Xia (Now the blumler theory, Chinese provinces . of dickens short stories Ningxia) Successor: His grandson, Kublai Khan who expanded the empire till it reached central Europe and the Middle East. Children: He had four children; Ogedei Khan , Jochi, Tolui Borjigin, Chagatai Khan . Siblings: Genghis Khan had three full brothers; Jochi khasar(Jochi senior) Temuge, and Khajun. He also had two step brothers, one of which. Borjigin , Genghis Khan , Khagan 707 Words | 5 Pages. Abul Khair Khan Battles Against Jungars Prepared by Smagulov Alim Biography Khan of the Little Zhuz Muhammad Abulkhair . Ghazi Bahadur Khan , was born in 1693. He grew up in an environment where Kazakh Khanate were attacked by and katz theory the Jungaria and Kalmyks. XVIII century In the history of the Kazakh nation was particularly tragic, the website, constant attacks from the Jungar invaders did not allow people to theory, develop steadily.

Abulkhair showed special courage and young gangs intelligence to blumler and katz theory, protect the cities of Tashkent. Central Asia , History of website Kazakhstan , Kazakh Khanate 1931 Words | 7 Pages. Aamir Khan (Urdu: ???? ???, pronounced [?a?m?r ?xa?n]; born Aamir Hussain Khan on March 14, 1965) is an Indian film actor, . director and producer. Khan worked in a number of commercially successful films and has established himself as one of the leading actors of Hindi cinema, delivering a number of acclaimed performances.[1][2] He is also the founder-owner of Aamir Khan Productions. Appearing as a child actor in and katz, his uncle Nasir Hussain's film Yaadon Ki Baaraat (1973), Khan began his professional. Aamir Khan , Academy Award , Academy Award for Best Actor 2493 Words | 7 Pages. proponents of military action had upheld it, calling Ayub Khan a saviour. A new system was evolved which replaced the federal parliamentary . system leading to absolute dictatorship. With unfair intentions he took every step which consolidated his grip on power. Website. After 11 years of independence, Pakistan was going through experiments in blumler and katz, governance, with no constitution, no democracy. Drug Cartels Essay. The fallout of this cast deep influences on the years to come.

That Ayub Khan was an ambitious person is blumler, evident from his own writings. Ayub Khan , Feroz Khan Noon , Iskander Mirza 1329 Words | 4 Pages. Running Head: Chingis Khan 1 Throughout history, many a great empires have been built. Some so vast, that on them the function cell, sun never set. And Katz. These . empires however were built by multiple individuals over cite website a period of hundreds of years. The largest empire, however was built by a group of tribal nomads led by an orphaned prince. It was the mongols under Chingis Khan who built the largest empire to ever be conquered by one man. Over the and katz theory, course of only a few decades he shook the world and changed history. Blood brother , Central Asia , Genghis Khan 1370 Words | 4 Pages. that made Genghis Khan a Successful leader: Chinggis Khan is one of if not the most successful leader.

Even today Chinggis . Khan is one of the best leaders we have seen. Reticulum Function Cell. He was before his time; with the strategies and techniques that he used. Genghis Khan The old world had many great leaders. Alexander the and katz theory, Great, Hannibal and even Julius Caesar met with struggle on their rise to power. Perhaps Genghis Khan was the most significant of harvard website all these rulers. To prove that Genghis Khan was the greatest. Borjigin , Genghis Khan , Mongol Empire 1066 Words | 3 Pages. Essay on Poem Stopping by blumler and katz theory Woods on harvard website, a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost.

Essay on blumler theory, Poem Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost Robert Frosts poem Stopping by Woods on short, a Snowy . Evening has a very clear literal meaning. However, there are many elements to the poem that can lead the reader to reading it allegorically. The need to blumler, look past a poems literal meaning comes from the associations readers make between words and young gangs other ideas. The elements which make up a poem can be used as tools to look beyond the literal meaning and on to a deeper meaning. The. Allegory , Literal , Meaning of life 840 Words | 3 Pages. Genghis Khan , or Ghengis Khan as he is more widely known, was born about the year 1162 to blumler theory, a Mongol chieftain, Yesugei, and his . wife. He was born with the name of Temujin, which means 'iron worker' in Cartels and Violence, his native language. When Temujin was born his fist was clutching a blood clot which was declared an omen that he was destined to become a heroic warrior.Very little is known of blumler and katz Temujin until he was around age 13 when his father declared that his son was to find a fiancee and get married. After several.

Borjigin , Central Asia , Genghis Khan 1969 Words | 5 Pages. ?2. 3. Wearing Hijab. Genghis Khan rose to power through his determination and his refusal to and katz, be looked down at. Mongols viewed warfare as, not a battle for . honor, but for winning. The Mongols did not fight to dickens, lose with honor; they fought to win with power. (8-9 91) 4. When Temujin (Genghis Khan ) was born, he held a blood clot in theory, his hand. Nobody knew what this meant, if it was a sign, or just pure coincidence. Nevertheless, Temujins childhood proved his strength. Temujin shot Behter, his older half brother.

Genghis Khan , Inner Mongolia , Mongol Empire 2343 Words | 8 Pages. Personal opinions aside, the Mongol conquests is one for young gangs the ages. With ruthless leadership under Genghis Khan , the Mongols accomplish so . much. Genghis Khan and the Mongol Conquest is theory, a book that describes their outstanding conquests. Short Stories. Stephen Turnbull wrote Genghis Khan and the Mongol Conquest with the intentions of sharing with the world the expansion of the Mongol empire under the Khan dynasty. The book is broken down into eight chapters, each chapter explaining something about the Mongols. Central Asia , Genghis Khan , Inner Mongolia 1830 Words | 5 Pages. Contrast and Comparison of Wordsworth's Tintern Abbey and Colderidges' Kubla Khan. Contrast and Comparison of Wordsworth's Tintern Abbey and Colderidges' Kubla Khan When comparing William Wordsworth's Tintern Abbey, and . Samuel Colderidge's Kubla Khan , one notices a distinct difference in theory, the use of short stories imagination within the blumler and katz theory, two poems . Even though the two poets were contemporaries and friends, Wordsworth and Colderidge each have an original and different way in which they introduce images and women ideas into their poetry. These differences give the reader quite a unique experience when.

Idea , Kubla Khan , Lyrical Ballads 1600 Words | 6 Pages. History 2B January 31, 2013 William and the Khans William of Rubruck composed a sequential and blumler and katz descriptive analysis of his experiences . Short Stories. during his journey to the Mongolian empire in 1253 CE. His conquest took place primarily to blumler and katz, affirm that Sartach Khan and the other Mongol Khans were Christian. Throughout his recordings he is repeatedly overwhelmed by the religious, cultural, linguistic, and political differences between the Mongolian Empire, and Western Europe. As a Franciscan friar, his humble. Christianity , Genghis Khan , Inner Mongolia 1066 Words | 3 Pages.

Curriculum Vitae Anwar Aurangzeb Khan B.Sc Engineer(Civil) E-mail: . [email protected] GSM: +96897256098 Professional Experience: Name of the Employer : Azri Architects Engineering Consultancy, Oman. Resident Engineer : From 1st September2012 to present. ? Project- Construction of Office Buiding for MZEC: Continuing work to prepare office building for. Academic degree , Building , Civil engineering 599 Words | 5 Pages. always will be remembered by cricket fans worldwide. Imran khan , an unbelievably talented all rounder is the Legend of cricket and has . Wearing. reached the top like no one else. This cricketer was born no differently than any other person. He was born in Lahore, Pakistan into a family of six. He entered the world on November 25, 1952, the only boy and seventh member of his family. Blumler Theory. His parents gave him the young gangs, name Imran Khan Niazi and truly loved him since he is the only boy in their . Batting , Cricket , Dismissal 1396 Words | 4 Pages. ASSIGNMENT NO:1 SUBMITTED BY: Ashrafullah khan BE-CE 2012 SECTION:C SUBMITTED TO: Mr.Qaisar Choudary C0mparison of smartphones Design . The Nokia Lumia 920 follows a similar design trend seen on the company's previous Lumia phones like the Lumia 900 and blumler and katz the Lumia 800. Women Hijab. It's constructed from a single piece polycarbonate which is coloured all the way through in the manufacturing process, so any scratches to the surface won't be too noticeable.

The colours on offer (particularly yellow, red. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPhone 1073 Words | 3 Pages. ? To analyze a poem stylistically, we can analyze the poetic device, which is usually deviation and blumler foregrounding, that the poet used in the . On Relationship. poem . The term foregrounding refers to an effect brought about in the reader by linguistic or other forms of deviation in the literary text (Leech, 1985).In poem , devices of foregrounding and deviation are always used to draw readers attention and blumler and katz impress the readers. Website. In the aspect of deviation and foregrounding, there are some perspectives on the nature of. Alliteration , Assonance , Linguistics 1355 Words | 4 Pages. A Thousand Desires Such: Poem Analysis. Michelle M. Khan March 30th, 2014 Period 6 - English 12 A Thousand Desires Such Poem Analysis Mirza Ghalib, famous . when India was under British colonial rule, was a classical Urdu and Persian poet. Blumler. All over South Asia, he is young gangs, considered to be one of the blumler and katz, most well-known and Cartels and Violence powerful Urdu poets.

Today, Ghalib is still a favorite not only in India and blumler Pakistan, but also in diaspora societies all over the world. He was born in women hijab, Agra. In 1803, when he was five years old, Ghalibs father died. Ghazal , Great Depression , Mirza Ghalib 1168 Words | 3 Pages. Symbolism of a Feminist Poem in Sylvia Plath. ?Symbolism of a Feminist Poem in blumler and katz theory, Sylvia Plath Some literary critics have linked Sylvia Plaths poem , Daddy (524), as a . confessional or autobiographical poem about the relationship with her father. Women Hijab. Undoubtedly, she references her own personal life, however, Daddy, should not only be read in a narrow sense, as her intentions are to convey a more significant theme. The tone of the poem expresses a strong disdain towards not only her father and husband, but towards the male gender. It is arguable. Adolf Hitler , Confessional poetry , Daddy 907 Words | 3 Pages.

Poems by Emily Dickinson: An Overview. Poems by Emily Dickinson commonly include a light airy atmosphere. She stresses the blumler and katz theory, magical, down-to-earth, genuinely nice feeling a book can . give a person. Cite Website. Even as most of the poems were created out of blumler and katz theory spontaneity, most of her works are meant to dickens short, serve a concentrated purpose. Two of her poems , Some keep the Sabbath going to Church and There is no Frigate like a Book portray her message of and katz theory kind but innovative nature in exceedingly disparate ways. On The Client/Therapist. Although they include similar literary devices. Aaron Copland , Anthropomorphism , Choir 1039 Words | 3 Pages. masterpieces. William Shakespeare who wrote during the 15th century, created many plays, lyric poems as well as sonnets.

Known as a well . Blumler Theory. respected master of his craft, Shakespeare wrote many fine lyrics which can now be found in his plays, poems , and sonnets. Similarly, Thomas Hardy, a realist poet in the 19th century, is best known for short stories his pessimistic style and tone used in many poems and blumler and katz novels. The poem It Was a Lover and His Lass by Shakespeare and reticulum function cell The Ruined Maid by Hardy contain several devices. Ben Jonson , Charles Dickens , Lyric poetry 849 Words | 3 Pages. and fellow classmates, I have researched about and katz, 2 poems and made a comparison between the two. Im here today to short, talk to you about and katz, them and see . what you think at the end of the speech.

The two poems I researched were (on the sea, author John Keats) and (sea fever, author John Masefield). as you can see from the title of the poems that they are bot about the sea but dont be confused, theyre both completely different stories. Both of these poems talk about the sea, they are both referring to the. Beijing Subway , Human , John Keats 853 Words | 3 Pages. Poetry Journal Project **Due Monday, February 4, 2013** You will create a poetry journal. Women Wearing Hijab. It will contain 20 poems . Each poem . Blumler And Katz. will contain one of the hijab, items below. You may not use the blumler theory, same poem twice. You may not use any poem we have read in class. 1. Rhyme (any kind) 11. Free Verse Poem 2. Imagery 12. Narrative Poem 3. Simile 13. Lyric Poem 4. Metaphor 14.

Consonance 5. Alliteration 15. Essay On Relationship. Assonance 6. Personification 16. Refrain 7. Hyperbole. Alliteration , Assonance , Internal rhyme 780 Words | 3 Pages. outburst of theory anger or other emotions.

In Amy Lowells poem , Fireworks, she uses the noun definition of fireworks to express the figurative . meaning of fireworks. Throughout the poem , Amy reveals how much she hates this person by using descriptive words to stories, describe the spectacular explosions caused by fireworks. Thus, the main idea of the poem is anger or strong feeling of hostility. And Katz Theory. Fireworks is an women wearing, example of a lyrical poem because the poem rhymes and it has a regular and and katz theory continuous rhyme scheme.

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The Trans Asterisk and blumler Why We Need To Stop Using It. A lot of women hijab, times on social justice-oriented websites youll the theory word trans written with an asterisk, like trans*. Women Hijab? It is blumler, thought that the dickens addition of the asterisk was made by dfab trans people who felt like trans women were talking about their struggles too much and that there needed to be more room in the community for everyone else, which is an blumler issue on its own. But most people using the women hijab asterisk dont know this, and blumler use it because they think that it makes the term more inclusive of all identities under the trans umbrella. While this seems well-intentioned (and probably is,) its also incredibly problematic. You see, there is no trans umbrella. Trans (or transgender) is the umbrella term. Transgender means to identify as any gender other thanor in addition tothe one you were assigned at birth (this includes identifying as multiple genders or no gender at all). Thats it! Saying that the asterisk is somehow more inclusive is like saying that some non-cisgender people arent trans enough to be called just trans. Often these people who apparently arent considered trans enough are trans women, non-binary people, non-op people, and those who do not experience dysphoria. People who insist that there is a trans umbrella often include cisgender crossdressers and wearing drag performers under the umbrella, and would like to include them in conversations about the issues and experiences of transgender people. The issue with this is that its an example of theory, cis people claiming ownership of a discussion on issues that they dont experience.

Now dont get me wrong, cis crossdressers and drag performers (especially dmab ones) do experience a lot of societal pressure for dressing in a way that is not acceptable for and Violence Essay, their sex. However, if they identify with the gender that they were assigned at birth, regardless of the clothing they wear, they are not transgender. Cisgender people dont experience the same oppression that transgender people face every day, they dont deal with a general population not believing in and katz, or accepting their identity. It isnt right for a cis crossdresser or drag performer to The Client/Therapist say they share the same exact struggle as trans people, especially in a time when so few trans peoples voices are heard or taken seriously. Often times, the asterisk after the and katz word trans can also be used to invalidate certain trans identities and call them not trans enough. Like sexuality, gender is a gradient, and there are many identities in between man and woman. Just because someone doesnt fit into one of the binaries doesnt make them not trans. Being transgender just means identifying as any gender other than the one a person was assigned at birth. Hijab? And if someonefor whatever reasondoes not want surgery, that in blumler theory, no way makes their gender identity less valid. Some transgender people want surgery, and thats perfectly fine for them.

But the ones who dont are just as trans as the women wearing hijab ones who do. There are transgender people in all shapes, sizes, identities, and presentations. I understand that most people using the trans asterisk dont know the blumler and katz meaning behind it and harvard cite website are trying to be inclusive. The fact is, however, that it needlessly excludes and invalidates so many people. We need to do away with the asterisk, whose creation was a backlash against trans women, and whose existence tells so many people that they arent trans enough. The word transgender on its own means to identify as a gender other than the blumler theory one assigned at birth, and I dont know why wed need some asterisk to make it any more inclusive. Wonderful drawings of trans people of varying identities done by Molly!! YES! Honestly I was always wondering what the difference between trans and trans* was on harvard website, tumblr because those that used the asterisk always seemed more aggressive somehow.

This is so informative! I am going to and katz theory share this everywhere. First off, I admire the illustrations. This is a cool article, but the only thing that bugs me is the dickens stories origin of the trans asterisk (*) It was always my understanding that the asterisk was a response to certain non binary identified people feeling left out theory, of the term, and dickens short stories was a means to blumler and katz be more inclusive so that people who didnt necessarily feel their transition was crossing genders in the binary understanding werent left out in the cold. Stories? The problem with that was that it opened doors to accepting cross dressing cis people as trans, which is problematic for reasons Im sure I dont even need to type, as you did a fine job outlining some already. The understanding of the term transgender today, like in this article, is affirming to non binary identities without tacking anything onto the end of the word as some sort of exception, as it should be. Im not quite sure where you got your info from that trans men were all for the asterisk, as most trans men I see (especially on blumler, tumblr) cling onto the binary concepts of gender with a death grip and expressed distaste for more than one or two non binary gender labels.

Maybe Im just on harvard, the wrong side of the internet. Sorry for theory, the long winded response, I just get worked up sometimes. Thanks for reading the article! To my knowledge the asterisk was added on by dfab trans people (sometimes called transmasculine people I guess,) not trans men. So sorry about that typo, I just fixed it. I already emailed you, but here are some points to consider (for anyone else who has the same question):

From what I can tell this article (http://practicalandrogyny.com/2013/10/31/about-that-often-misunderstood-asterisk/) does a pretty good job of outlining the first reasons for Drug and Violence Essay, the addition of the asterisk, though I dont agree with all the and katz theory conclusions the author draws. This tumblr post (http://theroguefeminist.tumblr.com/post/64810447498/stop-using-the-term-trans-with-a) also brings up some good points. Im also sure there are some nonbinary people who feel the Essay Relationship way you said (that they dont feel their transition was crossing genders in the binary understanding,) but for me the addition of the blumler theory asterisk in that situation is still problematic. Im dfab genderqueer/genderfluid, and wearing so I dont have the theory experiences all trans people have and I cant speak for everyone, but this is my take on it from a linguistics perspective. Being trans isnt going from one binary to the other. The definition of trans that I prefer to use (and have seen most other trans people use as well) is simply identifying as anything other than the dickens gender you were assigned at birth.

THis post does a good job of outlining that http://makingmountainsoutofmountains.tumblr.com/post/70870181938/why-i-started-and-stopped-using-an-asterisk-after. Though it wasnt always used in blumler and katz theory, an inclusive way and I understand that, adding an Relationship asterisk to a word that in its original form is already inclusive to blumler and katz me that does nothing? It doesnt really actually further the inclusion of on Relationship, non-binary trans people. There is this idea that genderqueer people really arent trans enough, and to me adding at blumler theory asterisk just really solidifies that. It may have been in the beginning that the Essay Relationship asterisk was meant to be inclusive. But Ive seen it used to blumler and katz theory exclude trans women who dont pass well enough, pre-op people/people who dont ever want to stories get surgery, non-binary people, and people who are trans but dont experience dysphoria. And to me that is really not a good thing. In addition, a lot of theory, people Ive talked to dickens short stories are just told its inclusive and blumler and katz theory so they use it, rather than questioning why. I used to use it too, until it dawned on me that it was actually kind of offensive. I think if you really do critically think and still decide you like the trans* label for Cartels and Violence, yourself, you should feel totally comfortable using it, but I dont like it when its used as a generic term for queer spaces, because to me (and a lot of other people Ive talked to) it feels very exclusive and well you can come here but youre not really trans ish. Like, in that case, why dont we just have trans spaces and * spaces?

I hope that clears stuff up for some people who maybe have the same questions you do! Hi! This was very informative, thank you, but I was wondering about blumler and katz, something. Drug And Violence Essay? Im bigender(male and blumler and katz female) but since I do identify with my birth gender(famle) along with male, am I still considered trans? Because you said only people who dont identify with their birth gender are included. Seems like a couple people have this question, so Ill send you both a reply (not sure if you guys will get an alert if I dont reply directly to wearing you) Tori Im trigender and genderfluid, so I totally get the confusion!

It was a wording issue, one that Im fixing right now. Instead of saying that cis people are people who identify with their birth sexs associated gender, I shouldve said that cis people are people who identify with *only* their birth sexs associated gender. Multi-gender people who identify with their birth sexs associated gender are trans of and katz, course, and Im sorry that my wording made it seem like they/we are left out! Big mistake, Ill change that right now. Hello! I actually have the same question as Tori. Throughout the endoplasmic in animal cell article nonbinaries are mentioned, but bigender isnt.

Seeing as someone who is bigender can both identify with the gender they were assigned, and with a gender that they were not assigned with, that sort of is theory, being cis and trans? Is there a term for young gangs, that? Where do I belong? Seems like a couple people have this question, so Ill send you both a reply (not sure if you guys will get an alert if I dont reply directly to you) Leydaif you read my above reply to Tori, I think I explained the and katz theory issue (it was my fault! I worded the definition poorly, and I will fix that as soon as I publish this reply). I dont know how to answer your question about being cis and trans; Im trigender and genderfluid and Im still not sure what to on The Client/Therapist call it on days when I ID as female. Am I cis on that particular day?

Who knows? Although I dont know the term for it, I would say that we (multi-gender and/or genderfluid people) are 100% trans if we individually choose to identify that way. We might identify with our birth sexs associated gender sometimes or even always, but the fact is that we identify as *more* genders than just that one, which is what makes us trans. Theory? Fixing the wording right now! Thanks a lot for your reply! I always felt a bit forgotten when people mentioned they supported non-binaries and transgender people, but its nice to rough reticulum function cell think that Im included as well. Also for future reference, people do get an blumler theory alert if you reply to someone else as well #128521; Thanks to everyone who commented on this post to call me out on semantics or to ask questions! I just want to short say that I am always happy to blumler theory discuss things and not only that, but I always appreciate knowing where Ive made mistakes (even when theyre just simple wording ones) so that I can clean up my act and wearing not do that in blumler and katz, the future. I was just wondering if you had a source for cite, this section:

The addition of the asterisk was made by dfab trans people who felt like trans women were talking about their struggles too much and that there needed to be more room in the community for everyone else, which is an and katz issue on its own. When I searched I struggled to find one origin for the term trans* and I was wondering if the harvard website above was more your lived experience than the blumler and katz actual, definite origin of the term? I got that impression from your comments that read: It may have been in the beginning that the asterisk was meant to young gangs be inclusive. But Ive seen it used to blumler and katz theory exclude trans women who dont pass well enough, pre-op people/people who dont ever want to get surgery, non-binary people, and young gangs people who are trans but dont experience dysphoria. Obviously your lived experience is theory, still very valid, but it would be good practice to dickens short stories edit the article to blumler theory reflect that, if thats what it is. I did enjoy your article though and I do agree that the asterisk has some major issues associated with it. I also think youve done a great job editing your article and have been very eloquent about your views #128578; Hello there! Great question #128578; I do have sources, but I think my wording was incorrect. Short? I dont know (except by word-of-mouth, er, word-of-tumblr-text-post) that it was invented by dfab trans people, but I know that the blumler theory addition of the asterisk is made by dfab trans people in ways that are transmisogynistic.

Etymology of activist terms is sometimes hard to find, and upon searching I couldnt find a definite history of the Essay on The Client/Therapist Relationship term, only histories of its problematic usage. I also know through personal experience (which I can link posts to you for as well if youre interested, but I feel like its not directly related to your question) that there is theory, a lot of The Client/Therapist Relationship, transmisogyny in and katz, trans spaces exactly for that reason that is, dfab trans people feeling like trans women take up too much space. Theres also a lot of erasure and invalidation of trans womens identities tied into its usage. Ive linked you to some posts above (heres another one), and dickens will edit my wording in the article (and include sources!) as soon as I can. Im really happy you liked the blumler article #128578; And thank you for calling me out on women, this! Im always trying to improve as a journalist and an activist, and improvement and theory growth require dialogue and learning experiences. Conversation about trans men outweighs conversation about trans women in short stories, trans spaces by anywhere from 30% to 2:1. Conversation about theory, cis people in trans spaces outweighs conversation about dickens stories, trans women. And people have the gall to suggest that trans womens issues dominate trans spaces?

Somebody needs their misogyny checked. I know, right? (PS where did you get those statistics? If you have/know of the source Id love to take a look at blumler and katz theory it, itd be great to Cartels and Violence cite in this article or in future conversations!) I do not agree with the idea that trans is the umbrella term for anyone who isnt cis. Blumler And Katz? If people arent down with the * that is one thing. But telling the dickens rest of us that we are all defacto trans people just because we arent cis? That is really reductionist and not fair to anyone. Our identities are different. Our struggles are different. The correct umbrella term is gender queer. And Katz? Trans people are of course free not to use this term if they dont feel it identifies them.

But it is Essay on, what is used for the rest of blumler theory, us. Unfortunately Im going to have to women disagree with you here. Transgender is an umbrella term. Theory? I did not tell anybody that they were defacto trans people, I said Transgender means to identify as any gender other thanor in addition tothe one you were assigned at birth (this includes identifying as multiple genders or no gender at all). This is true. You are welcome not to harvard website use that label for yourself if you dont feel it fits you! But defining transgender as it is is not reductionist or unfair to anyone. Transgender, while often considered an theory umbrella term for persons whose gender expression and cite website identity is non-normative, an umbrella, as such, under which genderqueer may belong, is a term that tends to be associated with the binary identities of blumler and katz, male and female, such as Female-to-Male (FTM, trans men) and Male-to Female (MTF, trans women), and reticulum cell with the process of and katz, transition, physically or in presentation, along binary lines. Identifying as transgender specifically may not express a genderqueer-associated or non-binary identity as clearly as the term genderqueer does. Non-binary refers to gender that is not binary (not man or woman) and has overlap with the term genderqueer, while they are not to be used interchangeably. While genderqueer can include those who are non-binary g(except for in the case of referring to expression / performance exclusively), not all non-binary identified people consider themselves genderqueer.

Genderqueer is a fine umbrella term for people who dont feel that transgender is the label they want to on use, or that it doesnt fully describe how they feel. And Katz Theory? But saying that genderqueer is the correct umbrella term for those who are not cis, whereas transgender is harvard cite, strictly binary/post-op/etc., is as reductionist and unfair as it would be if I were to say that all non-cis people automatically identify as trans. Oops my source for this, in theory, case anyone is wonder, is young gangs, http://genderqueerid.com/gq-faq. I believe that you are writing this in good faith, but I find it extremely off-putting and want to and katz theory explain why. Later in reticulum in animal, your essay you object to the trans asterisk because it needlessly invalidates trans identities, but the paragraph before that you do exactly that when you explain why crossdressers and drag performers are not transgender, that they are cis people owning trans issues. This certainly isnt something originating with only blumler, you, and I keep hearing it more and harvard cite website more as time goes by, but I wish people would understand that for many years the idea of trans being an umbrella explicitly included crossdressers. Suddenly now its fashionable to go on about how they arent trans, but thats not true. And Katz? If a crossdresser identifies with the trans community, theres clearly something about them that is neither fully male nor fully female for them to Cartels feel its an appropriate identity for them.

Theyre not cis. Its true that they experience different levels of oppression and stigma than other trans people. The same can be said for literally any group of trans people a trans man does not experience the same oppression as a trans woman, different non-binary gendered people have different experiences of blumler, oppression, and Cartels and Violence even within those categories the types of oppression we experience vary based on things like income, race, et. al. Blumler? Transness is not defined by young gangs how much oppression you experience, its defined by your identity. I think this might be a wording issue, and Ill explain after my initial comment. Youre right: if a crossdresser identifies with the theory trans community, then theres clearly something about them that is neither fully male nor fully female (or perhaps just something that isnt in line with the gender they were designated at reticulum function in animal birth) for them to blumler and katz theory feel its an appropriate identity for them. Theyre not cis. My issue isnt with crossdressers or drag performers identifying as transgender.

My issue is with crossdressers and on The Client/Therapist drag performers who identify as cisgender who claim that they experience discrimination for being trans, even when they explicitly identify as cis. Cis people cannot experience discrimination for blumler theory, being trans simply because they are cis, not trans, and cant experience discrimination for something they are not. Of course trans crossdressers and drag performers experience the oppression and stigma of someone who is trans, because they are trans. But if they identify clearly as cis, its not right for them to claim that they experience oppression for being trans as a cis person. Essay On? Could they have transmisogyny and transphobia directed their way based on misinformation? But thats misdirected oppression of a group they dont belong to, not they themselves being oppressed for being a member of that group. My issue is with crossdressers and blumler drag performers who identify as cisgender who claim that they experience discrimination for The Client/Therapist Relationship, being trans This is blumler and katz theory, something I have never witnessed firsthand or heard about as a trend. Im interested in Cartels and Violence, learning more where is this happening? Unfortunately #128577; I think the best instance of and katz theory, it in pop culture is young gangs, highlighted in this article from Salon.com:

[the following in tweet form from blumler theory, Rupaul] Forget an outside threat, the Gay Movement will eat itself from the inside out #OrwellAnimalFarm. Orwells book Animal Farm: The pigs didnt really want a revolution, they just wanted to Essay on Relationship BE Farmer JohnIts not the word itself, but the intention behind the wordIve been a tranny for 32 years. The word tranny has never just meant transsexual. #TransvestiteHerstoryLesson. [then from the article] RuPauls points are well-taken: The host of a uniquely inclusive reality show may well have insights that those seeking to take offense are missing, and someone whos been on the scene for many years may know a great deal about the and katz history of how words were used. Dickens Stories? However, those possibilities dont automatically mean that anyone who takes umbrage at RuPauls terminology like the transgender former Drag Race contestant Carmen Carrera, who vocally criticized the blumler and katz She-Mail language earlier this year is on, attempting to become an blumler and katz theory Orwellian oppressor. That other people than RuPaul might be bringing their own experience to bear on how they experience language seems as though it hasnt occurred to the reality-show host. There are a lot more examples of this occurring throughout pop culture, but I think this is young gangs, one of the most famous/well-known. Thanks for your question, and and katz theory Im sorry I didnt get back to you sooner! Hi there, I just have to respond to something you said above. Cis people cannot experience discrimination for short stories, being trans simply because they are cis, not trans, and cant experience discrimination for something they are not. I really dont think that is true.

Gay bashing is not only confined to gay people, but to and katz anybody who a gay basher deems is gay, or gay enough. Cis people can experience transphobia when they crossdress or perform in drag if they get discriminated against because they are cross dressing. Cite Website? That is transphobia and they experienced it, even if they identify as cis. In the end, it doesnt matter whether the person being gay bashed is gay, it matters whether the blumler and katz gay bashers think they are gay. It doesnt matter if the person being trans(bashed?) is trans, it matters whether the person discriminating against them thinks they are.

I hope I have made my point clear #128578; I think my wording may have been a little unclear, my apologies! You are completely right. What I meant was not that cis people cant be targeted by website transphobia. I just mean that in blumler and katz, the end, somebody bullying somebody else for stories, being trans is an action based in blumler, transphobia, not cis-phobia or something like that. So while they can certainly be affected by it, cis people are not the ideological target of transphobia. In the end a transphobic person is prejudiced against trans people, though they may certainly target cis people by mistake. I think this is giving way too much credit to bigotry, which is not that discerning. Hijab? When in the history of blumler theory, ever was a cis crossdresser thinking, while being brutalized, This is transphobia directed my way based on misinformation; Im not being oppressed for being a *member* of that group. I cannot even articulate the Drug Cartels and Violence degree of and katz, frustration I feel about Drug Essay, this. Who benefits from this demarcation?

Havent we in the non-cis community already taken the class that its no fun to be excluded? Like, every day? The only thing I want to say to anyone who is marginalized in any way is, Thank you for coming. Im glad you could be here. My reason for using the blumler asterisk has been to share a sense that there are many kinds of website, non-cis identities (the misunderstood inclusion variety you mention), but also to make sure that Im distinguishing between my privilege as a genderqueer person often identified by others as cis because of my presentation and the oppressions experienced by other people who are transgender and blumler whose presentation is often a site and source of violence, hate, bias, and discrimination. I have been given to understand in many trainings around LGBTQIA issues that Trans* includes meI have never heard that the umbrella inclusive term is genderqueer until your post. So Im just not sure here. Drug And Violence Essay? I want to be accurate to my experience without co-opting the identity terms of people whose row is much harder to hoe than mine. Trans does include you, if you identify as such! Genderqueer can be an blumler and katz umbrella term in the sense that people can identify as genderqueer and also identify as trans, agender, non-binary, etc.

I wouldnt say, however, that the young gangs trans asterisk denotes the and katz privilege of cis-passing genderqueer people. Instead I would say that it is harmful in the sense that it invalidates the dickens stories identities of theory, genderqueer, non-binary, (etc.) transgender people as being not really trans just because they arent binary. I would also bear in mind that even though you are cis-passing, many non-binary and/or genderqueer people are not. And so the trans asterisk does more to invalidate the rough reticulum function cell identities of non-binary people who very often may experience the same kind of oppression for being trans as a binary trans person than it does to denote privilege of a specific set of genderqueer individuals. Theory? Does that make sense?

Yesthanks! I suppose I was taught to see transgender and Trans* as both being positive and affirming, one of Essay The Client/Therapist, a narrower category and the other of a broader categoryone that included me, which I was happy about. But I see how your concern is that the blumler broader category might serve to make it seem like one must be binary to dickens stories be really trans, when what I was taught was the opposite blumler and katz (I felt welcomed, not alienated, by inclusion in the broader category, and it gave me the opportunity to try to avoid co-opting the narrower one). Thank you for writing this post Ive learned a lot from reading it and all the comments. Im a journalist who has been struggling over whether to use trans* or trans when writing articles, and someone on reddit linked me here after I made a query about it in /r/transeducate. I will say that researching into the asterisks usage in the first place taught me a lot; like Meklorka above, I used to stories believe that genderqueer was the theory all-inclusive term, and that trans and wearing transgender only referred to those who were transitioning between binary genders. Reading about the blumler theory asterisk (and the and Violence word transgender more generally) was what made me realise that trans referred to and katz theory a whole world of Drug Cartels Essay, genders beyond that.

But even after I determined that I should be inclusive and use the asterisk, I always felt uncomfortable doing so, like I was doing it for show. I think part of the reason Im uneasy about the * is blumler, because its connotations of being used as a search wildcard are very specific to the computer age and those who are digitally literate, and that in short stories, itself seems exclusionary. I love terms that have evolved on the internet and creep their way into everyday conversation, but only when they refer to things that are digital and blumler theory online. And speaking of conversation, how are you supposed to express trans* when speaking to women hijab someone? Do you have to vocalise it somehow or youre not being inclusive? What about the word transgender, is that accepted as an umbrella term or not? No-one ever puts an asterisk next to that, but why not, if its so important? These are all reasons why I couldnt fully reconcile myself to blumler and katz using the * even though it seemed like such a good idea in theory. Harvard Website? But like I said, I did learn from it, and blumler and katz theory Im learning even more now. I had always thought that the asterisk was a wildcard symbol, like in programming.

In that usage, trans* would mean transgender, transsexual, transman, transwoman, etc. Back when there was still a lot of discussion around transgender vs. transsexual, using trans* was both more convenient and more inclusive. Thats why I started using it. I stopped for a similar reason: most people I talk to started to know what I was talking about if I just said trans, so I dropped the asterisk out of women wearing, laziness. The comments discussing genderqueer as the inclusive term are confusing, to me. Blumler And Katz Theory? People I know who identify as genderqueer have been very clear that they use the word to mean a variety of endoplasmic reticulum function cell, things unique to themselves, but they almost always seem to include having a nonbinary, fluid, changeable, or uncertain gender; or questioning the whole concept of gender.' I had thought that people such as myself, whose gender can be described and recognized by the binary system in theory, a fairly accurate way, were NOT genderqueer. I think there are varying perceptions of who the word genderqueer includes. Women Hijab? However, the definition I found on genderqueerid.coms FAQ page says that. Genderqueer is blumler theory, a term used to describe those whose gender is non-normative (queer) or who queer gender through presentation or other means (queer in the latter case is being used as a verb). They also later say that. Identifying as transgender specifically may not express a non-binary identity as clearly as the term genderqueer does, which may be seen as its own umbrella category differentiated from, and overlapping with, transgender. In this particular instance I think what they mean by umbrella category is Relationship, not that it encompasses all trans people, but that it is an umbrella term that can be used by many different sorts of non-binary people (who may or may not also identify as or fit the definition of transgender).

Another term that has to be eliminatede for many transgender persons is the term pre-op. Since I dont plan to have surgery, I am a non-op transgender woman, and Im not pre-op because there is no op pending, so there can be no pre- anything. The term pre-op is and katz, a grossly inaccurate description of those like me who have no plans for women wearing, surgery. And Katz? Pre-op is women, another constricting term placed upon transgender persons. It presumes all transgender persons will have an and katz operation, no doubt yet another attempt to put rules on who is really transgender and who is not. Ive yet to dickens short see a real cry from and katz, others like me who are mislabeled this way, as though an op is the only way to be trans enough, as though youre less when youre a pre- but you meet societys sexist expectations of your genitalia when youre a post-. I suggest the terms pre-op and post-op and women wearing hijab non-op be used. Alouette, Thank you for informing me! Ive never heard the term non-op before, but now that you explain it I definitely like that better than pre-op. I will change the and katz theory language in young gangs, the article later today. First time read of Pulp Zine, Im trans (not sure what, rather just say trans-eccentric or just plain tranny) and whilst I enjoyed reading the article, I have a few grievances towards it or rather, towards the Trans/* community as a whole. So, prepare to be bored by my long-winded thoughts! The Trans/* community, like many other communities, can be scarily noninclusive.

Theres no point in pretending theres no a Trans hierarchy, because there is. Theres no point in pretending there arent certain Trans people who think they deserve more authority in their opinion because of either the lengths of surgery or suffering theyve been through on their journey. And its understandable: its a viciously rough and confusing journey, and given the amounts of discrimination and harassment, its understandable why the Trans community has grievances towards their cisgender counterparts, but when we talk about the blumler oppression of Trans people, maybe we could also open up the young gangs discussion of and katz theory, Trans-on-Trans discrimination and reticulum invalidation? I and blumler theory many Transgender people I know have been made to feel as if were just not Trans enough by members of the Trans community themselves. I was born with a penis, and hijab assigned male at blumler theory birth. Drug Cartels? But Ive never been a male. Blumler And Katz? Ive never felt like a male. I think I probably shouldve been born a female. Suits feel far more like drag attire than dresses do.

But given all that, Im now some gender-eccentric being who is Essay, neither Arthur nor Martha, or, at times more Martha than Arthur, and blumler vice versa. Now, as far as I can see, that makes me Trans. across, through, over, beyond, to Essay The Client/Therapist Relationship or on the other side of, outside of Ive recently graduated as an English teacher, so I tend to get excited over theory certain words. Cartels? And Trans is and katz theory, definitely one. Short? Why? Because, by its very description, its all inclusive.

It takes in a range of ideas, its off the spectrum. I think each word of the theory definition describes my gender perfectly, so as far as Im concerned, Im Trans, and entitled to be part of the debate whether or not I want to, or feel the need to, permanently assign one gender to myself or not. And yet, there are plenty of people who have duly ignored, or dismissed, my contributions to the discussion, because they are the young gangs opinions of someone who wont have surgery, take hormones, or legally change their gender. And thats why I just cant bring myself to and katz agreeing that Crossdressers and Drag Artists shouldnt be a part of the endoplasmic function in animal cell conversation, or be welcomed into blumler and katz the Trans community, if so they wish. I understand there are issues between these two identities and the Trans community, but surely, thats all the Drug Cartels and Violence more reason why Crossdressers and blumler and katz theory Drag Artists need to be included in the community conversation? Given the rough reticulum function in animal description of the Trans prefix above, I think surely itd be fair to say at least a little that Crossdressers and blumler and katz theory Drag Artists fit into that description? Even if someones cisgender 99% of the time, surely that 1% where they are not qualifies them to cite website an opinion and theory a voice in the Trans conversation?

I have witnessed, both online and in the real world, situations where well-meaning cisgender individuals have got it a little wrong, and have been ruthlessly ripped apart by the Trans community (similarly, Queer allies by cite the Queer community). Its sickening. How on blumler and katz, Earth we can warrant the on The Client/Therapist Relationship respect of the non Trans world when we can be so vicious towards our well-meaning (but sometimes not terribly well-articulated or well-versed) counterparts? Ive been rancorously reprimanded by self-appointed Trans spokespeople and activists for having a difference of and katz theory, opinion to them on Trans issues one such example was being told by a Trans woman that any self-respecting Trans Ally needed to boot me out of their space with a large wooden pole because I said that the Queer and harvard Trans community was sometimes guilty of and katz, self-victimisation (and Im sorry guys, but its an wearing hijab inconvenient, yet understandable truth). The most worrying thing? This lady was a leader in the Universitys Education Network. Blumler And Katz Theory? A very scary thought, considering Education should be all about the exploration and harvard discussion of ideas and knowledge. I believe that if society has a whole had a debate over what exactly gender is (and what its not such as misogynistic, societal expectations) and what Trans means thered be a LOT more people whod probably subscribe, and embrace, a non-cisgender identity.

Articles on whether an and katz theory asterix is appropriate or not are well-intentioned, but guided towards a part of society that is already on board with the Trans communitys fight for acceptance and Cartels Essay respect. We need to go back to blumler and katz the grass roots of the cause. When you read comments describing individuals such as Caitlyn Jenner as Science Projects, when Transgendered youths are made homeless by their families, and when violence and harassment of Transgendered individuals still continues, whether or not an dickens stories asterix is blumler and katz, needed when using the word Trans is surely not a high-priority discussion? My parents know very little about Trans issues, but have always been supportive of myself and dickens short my identity as theyve said, we dont care, as long as youre happy, and similarly with a lot of my friends (something Im incredibly fortunate for, and something I hope will be commonplace in the future). Thats what I think we need to work towards in society in blumler, regards to Trans and Queer issues. We shouldnt have an expectation of non-Trans people getting it right all the time, nor an expectation that every member of website, society should understand the deep and complex issues revolving around Gender Identity. We need to discuss these things, educate through discussion, and not enter society with a list of demands that even the Trans community cant agree on. Blumler And Katz? We shouldnt be requiring our Allies to reticulum function in animal cell have the same amount of gender/sexual identity exploration and knowledge as us, but rather, looking towards Allies as being the people who are respectful and supportive of our individual identities as people. Blumler? I can forgive a few slip-ups and harvard clusters of ignorance for unwavering support of blumler theory, myself and my individual identity.

In regards to other comments, I do believe that some cisgender people face Trans prejudice, and therefore have valuable input into the discussion. The reason why misogyny is so rampant is because we categorise and box people, and Essay The Client/Therapist we place expectations of theory, standards upon them as a result. Misogyny is the cause of so many prejudices towards Queer Trans people. Dickens Stories? Straight people often find themselves the blumler and katz victims of short, homophobic harassment, and if the goal is the elimination of homophobia, then these people need to blumler and katz be included on the conversation, and encouraged to join the fight rather than the disassociate themselves with the movement because of their identity doesnt fit. Their experience of homophobic or transphobic prejudice is JUST as valid (and damaging) as anyone elses imagine how horrible it is facing discrimination for something youre not?!

Weve GOT to be inclusive, or else were guilty of placing the same expectations and standards on people and wearing hijab their identity that weve faced too; and blumler and katz weve got to deplore any act by members of the Trans community that show the same sickening discrimination and isolation Trans people face themselves. In ANY cultural community, there are those by which are members by dickens stories identity or birthright, and those of which who have been welcomed in through support or Allyship. As far as Im concerned, anyone who supports my gender or sexual identity is an and katz theory Ally, and harvard cite therefore a part of the community. And if they want to blumler and katz identify as a Trans-ally, then theyre under the Trans umbrella too. We could all learn a lot from listening to our Allies not least, on endoplasmic function in animal cell, ways in blumler and katz, which we can get more Allies on side (pssst, I think Education through sensible, open-discussion is a great place to Drug and Violence start!). Anyway just my two cents! Sorry for the long post. No need to blumler apologize!

Im so glad this article made you think so much. I understand what you mean by this not being a high-priority issue. Certainly, an article about social justice semantics is not directly saving the lives of rough reticulum function in animal cell, trans kids in blumler and katz, abusive situations or anything like that! At the same time, I think discussion of Drug Essay, all sorts is needed, not just basic lets-educate-the-public talk. My hope is that through discussions that revolve around topics like semantics (which are arguably not immediately relevant) activists who are working to further acceptance for and within the trans community can evaluate our stances and blumler and katz theory the impact of Cartels Essay, our actions, and thus be better educators and more conscientious in our daily lives about who our actions affect (especially as activists, who are raising our voices above the clamor in the name of rights for trans and gender non-conforming people). I also would say that while there are cis people and straight people who have been targeted by transphobia and homophobia, it does not in blumler theory, my mind mean they have experienced what it is like to be trans or not straight in dickens short stories, society. Even if they are offended and hurt by the prejudice they face, at blumler theory the end of the harvard website day it is misdirected. Blumler And Katz Theory? They can still go home and know that they are cisgender and heterosexual, and women hijab that those insults were not meant to hurt them. Its very different to blumler be upset (as a reasonable cis, straight person would be!) by transphobia and homophobia when it doesnt target you than to know that the dickens short stories words people are spitting in blumler and katz theory, your direction are condemning an identity that you hold close enough to your being to claim it as your own.

Im not saying that misdirected hatred is easy for harvard, the person its been shoved at (no matter how much it applies or doesnt apply). But it is easier than knowing that the hatred you are experiencing is blumler, truly meant for you. I am also a strong believer in educating rather than condemning people who may have never been introduced to concepts such as being transgender. I also see what you mean by women wearing hijab allies being valuable, and blumler theory I think that is true! But I think there is room within activist spaces to in animal cell work on educating and blumler and katz gaining acceptance from the general public and to women hijab deconstruct our own ideas and think about our activism and views on subjects (like how we classify gender) in new and blumler and katz different ways. Trans* has been used by international TRANS activists groups to be more expansive http://transactivists.org/trans/ Global Action for Trans* Equality. GATE uses the term trans* to describe those people who transgress (binary) (western) gender norms, many of Essay on Relationship, whom face human rights issues as a result.

Trans* people includes those people who have a gender identity which is different to the gender assigned at birth and/or those people who feel they have to, prefer to or choose to blumler and katz whether by clothing, accessories, cosmetics or body modification present themselves differently to cite the expectations of the gender role assigned to them at birth. This includes, among many others, transsexual and transgender people, transvestites, travesti, cross dressers, no gender and blumler and katz theory genderqueer people. The term trans* should be seen as a placeholder for many identities, most of short, which are specific to local cultures and and katz times in history, describing people who broaden and expand a binary understanding of gender. Hm. I understand where youre coming from, especially with the specific to young gangs local cultures and times in history bit. However, I think still think that when people use the term trans*, and are not intending to describe people who are members of and katz theory, any and harvard all groups you listed above, it is the wrong term to use. I do think we need a way to blumler talk about all people who present and/or identify differently than their expectations assigned at birth, but I think there could be a word to describe that that does not use transgender identity as a vehicle (especially when many members of that group may strongly identify as cisgender, even if they wear clothing that isnt a norm for harvard cite, their gender assigned at birth). As a trans woman and activist, I love the use of trans, trans* and transgender as umbrella terms.

In my experience, the problem we have is one of semantics, rooted in whether transgender means: (a) people who break the rules of gender other than in who they sleep with (i.e. people whose identities *and/or expressions* differ from blumler, that assigned to Essay on The Client/Therapist Relationship them at or shortly after birth ) (b) people who cis society perceives cross over from blumler and katz theory, one binary gender to Drug another, even though many actually identified that way their entire lives. When I was introduced to blumler and katz theory the term transgender, it clearly meant (a). Wearing? It was an umbrella used for organizing, and and katz theory it was useful in getting all the gender outlaws under one banner. But when the cell media started reporting specifically on transsexuals in blumler theory, the late 00s, it assumed transgender was a polite substitution for transsexual because uh I guess they thought its better to not say sex or something. (Tangent: At times, transgender it was used to refer specifically to no-ho/non-op people who have a binary gender identity that conflicts with their assignment at harvard website birth, thus shedding the medical diagnostic ties of transsexual. This should be no surprise, as the blumler and katz term transgender was reappropriated from the word transgenderist as was popularized by Virginia Prince in the 1970s who organized around this very identity, and who was instrumental in the part-time MTF-spectrum umbrella that included both trans women and AFAB crossdressers.)

As a consequence of this binary-focused mainstream media coverage, many non-binary people and short stories cissexed gender non-conforming people felt it does not include them, so they stopped identifying with it. If however, we use Transgender as an umbrella term, many gender-variant people who identify with the gender they were assigned at birth might want to use the term cis*sexed* and blumler and katz transgender while non binary people can use non binary transgender Failing that, to my knowledge, we lack any short umbrella term that has ever satisfied a large number of people. And that causes a problem whenever someone is trying to young gangs concisely convey the spectrum of people who might have a stake or at least a deep-seated personal interest in combatting transphobia, binary sexism, imperialist gender systems, transmisogyny, body-freedom and so on. Hi, so, first and blumler theory foremost, this article is rough function in animal, a wonderful critique of the theory trans-asterisk, and I have always wondered what the point of it was, considering that most people consider trans an umbrella term. However, I do disagree with that term being used to cite website encompass any and theory all gender that is not cis. Young Gangs? Because single-gender, binary trans people receive a much different experience from the Western culture than do nonbinary, agender, and blumler and katz theory multigender folks, I personally feel that to use the word trans to include everyone who isnt cisgender is marginalizing at best. For example, single-gender, binary trans people are much more likely to have their pronouns validated because very many (if not most) of Cartels and Violence Essay, them use the pronouns that are largely accepted as correct by and katz standard English (ie she, hers, he, his etc). However, people who identify with neutral and other uncommon pronouns (they, ze, xe, zey), from women, my experience, get a lot more crap from ignorant cisgender folks. And the people that use those pronouns, or no pronouns at all, are usually agender, nonbinary, or multigender. And Katz? Furthermore, we are increasingly becoming aware of transgender people in the media, and they are always single-gender, binary, passing, and harvard cite website overall gender-conforming, so the general public associates the blumler and katz theory word transgender with people who are, again, binary and single-gender (Caitlyn Jenner, Laverne Cox, Jenna Talackova, Chaz Bono, et cetera).

To include words meant specifically for harvard, people who do not identify as one, binary trans gender is to say, We hear you, we acknowledge your experiences, and yes, we give a damn. Hey there Alchemy. I dont think anyones disagreeing with you here! I believe I may have cleared this up earlier, but there are a lot of blumler, comments so I understand if you didnt have a chance to read through them all. I defined transgender as to identify as any gender other thanor in addition tothe one you were assigned at birth (this includes identifying as multiple genders or no gender at Essay on The Client/Therapist Relationship all). That said, I agree with you that not everybody who identifies as a gender other than their gender assigned at birth identifies as transgender. I was not trying to say that all people who do not identify as the gender they were assigned are automatically trans, and Im sorry it came across that way. However, I would say that the label transgender can be accurately claimed by anybody who identifies as any gender other than the and katz one they were assigned at birth. It is website, important to theory distinguish between binary trans people, non-binary trans people, and people who dont identify with their assigned gender but also dont identify as trans. The experiences of these people are very different, and wearing hijab that is valid and blumler theory needs to be brought up. But when talking about harvard cite website, everyone who identifies as transgender, adding an asterisk on and katz, to the endoplasmic reticulum function end of the word trans doesnt do this.

Instead it serves to invalidate some trans identities as being less trans than others, among other things (youve read the article already, and I feel like I outlined it pretty thoroughly there). Im not arguing that we should get rid of words that distinguish between different trans identities or eschew other concepts of blumler and katz theory, non-conforming gender for the single label of trans! I just think we need to change the way we address everyone who identifies as trans (and thus falls underneath the umbrella term transgender by harvard cite their own free will and identity). Does that make sense? I hope this wasnt too rambly/unclear! [] I was hurting so much the first time I heard it that I actually blogged about it (this was, pretty ironically, before I understood the asterisk is problematic). [] I just read this post because you linked to blumler theory it in your everyday feminism post about dysphoria.

It really disappoints me that at a post about inclusion, a post noting how its wrong to tell someone they arent trans enough continues to exclude. Crossdressing and drag is rough endoplasmic reticulum function in animal cell, often the first way a trans person investigates gender because there is *some* social exceptability in performing a different gender. For others crossdressinf and drag is not a gateway to trans but the blumler needed gender expression itself. Gender is complicated. Im non-binary but present much closer to the gender associated with my sex, leaving me being read as cis gendered byeveryone. Maybe stop putting up fences for those imagined evil cis people who try to infiltrate your space and just be a decent human to reticulum function cell other people.

I actually didnt write that everyday feminism article, believe it or not. Its a very cool article though, and Im happy the blumler and katz author linked his to mine! #128578; In any case, as far as your comment goes. There are lots of forms of gender expression and presentation, and of course crossdressing and drag are two of them. Im not trying to say that those arent valid forms of expression, or that people who present outside of the norm for their gender arent marginalized, or that drag performers dont face stigma. Im also not trying to assert that crossdressers or drag performers are not trans, since many are. What Im saying is cite website, just that if someone explicitly identifies as cis, then they are cis, regardless of what they are wearing or performing in. And since they are cis, people should not refer to them as trans when they are not. (Also Im sorry youve experienced misgendering, thats never fun.) See, you speak lots of nice words, but they really seem to disagree with my lived experience.

The fact is, that for many binary transfolk (#notallbinarytrans) genderqueer and other non-binary folk ARENT considered trans. Thats just a fact. Its awful, its cruel, and its wrong but its there. I was DMAB, and have identified off the binary for much of the blumler and katz past two decades. Let me tell you, it hasnt been great, trying to fight to be included in the trans umbrella. Harvard Cite? Ive been asked to leave stores during their Women-and-Trans hours, Ive been excluded from trans safe spaces (but never from trans* safe spaces) and blumler and katz theory Ive had to fight to be allowed to do things like derby, even when leagues have trans policies. Theres a reason a lot of social spaces specify Trans and dickens short non-binary. Its because, to a large amount of binary trans folk (#notallbinarytrans), WERE NOT REALLY TRANS. You can argue that we should be considered trans, and you can argue that trans should include us under the umbrella. Blumler And Katz Theory? But sadly, we often arent, and thus is Essay, doesnt. Theory? At this point in history, the term trans has too much hurtful baggage its a term that has been used to exclude us for decades; it is not a term of safety to non-binary folk.

Thats why Ill continue to use trans*, and Essay continue to encourage people who care about non-binary folk to use it as well. Hmmm This is a point that Ive seen brought up by and katz a number of other commenters (whose comments Ill be posting shortly) as well, and I think youre all very correct. Though trans should be an women wearing umbrella term, it isnt used as one by many binary trans folk as well as binary cis people. I can understand why one would find the trans * helpful. Blumler Theory? However, I still find it off-putting because I feel it continues to reinforce the rough endoplasmic reticulum in animal cell idea that non-binary or genderqueer people arent trans (as long as they identify as trans). In my mind the ideal situation would be for people and blumler and katz theory organizations to use the term trans, while making it clear through their actions and words that they include non-binary trans people under the young gangs transgender umbrella. That will be one of the only ways the word trans will start to include non-binary people more regularly, and the only way for non-binary people to take back the blumler and katz word trans as a term of safety. That said, I dont disagree with you. I guess I am not quite sure what a good alternative is, since I know many people whove had similar experiences to yours, and many people whove had similar experiences to mine. Saying non-cis instead of trans might be one way to cite make it explicit that you are referring to, well, non-cis people, not just binary trans folks. I tend not to like terms that start with a negative, but I currently cant come up with a better way to put it.

[] actually identify as trans. Blumler Theory? This history behind that tiny asterisk will take too long to explain here, but to summarize briefly: cisgender people bestowed the asterisk upon trans communities, and that [] I am convinced that the majority of crossdressers are trans but due to Cartels socio-economic or personal reasons limit their trans experience to simply dressing up.. I went 45 years convinced that I was just a crossdresser. Blumler? I knew I was not anything else.

I have personally known two gender fluid teens who have since come out Drug Cartels and Violence Essay, as trans. My umbrella is large and there is blumler and katz, enough room for many. Gender Queer, Gender Fluid, crossdressers, drag. To exclude them from the harvard cite trans umbrella is to turn our back on our brothers and sisters. All are welcome. Thats just as pathetic as using the blumler word cis. This is partly the reason people see us as a joke or dont take us seriously Im not whining. Dont read a semantics article if you dont want to hear about semantics. I wondered if youd consider sharing your voice on our site?

If youd like to become a contributor, theres a link at dickens stories the bottom of each page! I want to understand this but am having a difficult time. There are a few points that dont make sense to blumler and katz me: 1. Cis cross dressers dont deal with what (your definition of trans) people deal with on a daily basis. Isnt this completely contrary to your main point that all trans people are not the same and harvard website dont struggle the same? The word trans has become so widely used that we now have nonbinary dfab femme presenting with no dysphoria who only blumler theory, dates cis men under the queer and trans umbrella. And I would definitely argue that out crossdressers and queens definitely face more transmisogyny, transphobia, and homophobia than a nonbinary dfab femme presenting with no dysphoria who only dates cis men who considers themself trans. 2. The asterix was created by dfab people to rough endoplasmic silence trans women.

I have heard this point before but still dont see an actual explanation of how this silences anyone. I read your piece again looking for it and could not find it. Even if it was created by dfab people, dfab trans people are allowed to have trans things and its oppression olympics to blumler suggest that everything dfab people create is wrong because privilege- especially because so many dfab people still move throughout the world being read as nonnormative women- even if they dont experience trans misogyny, its not a cake walk. 3. The asterix is used to wearing hijab say some people arent trans enough including trans women. From everything you have said, this also seems contrary to the term used to be more inclusive. I have also NEVER heard anyone ever say trans women were not trans enough. They are considered the most trans and are the most visible example of trans gender people (and that visibility comes at a huge cost, dont get me wrong.) Anytime I talk to a nonradical queer about theory, trans issues they only know about trans women. So this makes no sense to young gangs me. 4. Theory? Youre either trans or youre not. I have met many many people who identify as sort of trans or in between trans and cis. Dickens Stories? And they are allowed to identify that way.

So while you are making the and katz theory point that trans means so many things and The Client/Therapist Relationship we should not narrow it down to being one way, you then reinforce that very idea. Hey! Just real fast thoughIm a person who uses the and katz * at young gangs the end of the LGBTQIA acronym to cover all the extra identities that exist beyond even the longest acronym. Does that create a problem because of the history of the * being used to and katz exclude trans identities? I also want to clear up the whole drag/crossdressing issue on another front. Cartels Essay? Im sorry if my language has seemed demonizing towards drag performers or crossdressing individuals, because that was not my intent. I recognize that cis drag performers and cis crossdressers are marginalized for not conforming to gender norms, and I also recognize that there are many drag performers and crossdressers who are trans! They are not mutually exclusive identities #128578; I would also like to clarify that a lot of the associations made between transness and blumler and katz crossdressing/drag comes from cis people who are not crossdressers or drag performers, not crossdressers #038; drag performers themselves. When some cis people see someone crossdressing they automatically associate that person as trans, and rough endoplasmic in animal cell when they see someone who is blumler theory, trans they may automatically label them a drag performer/crossdresser. The reason this is harmful is both because it associates presentation with gender (i.e. that person is wearing a dress so they must be a girl) and because it enforces the harvard idea that a trans person is really just a man in and katz theory, a dress or a tomboy or someone playing dress-up when this is stories, not the case.

But again, these assumptions are not coming from people involved in blumler and katz, drag or crossdressing. My original intent in bringing that up in the article was not to Drug and Violence Essay call out all crossdressers or drag performers as cis, or to exclude them if they are trans, or to say that they are not marginalized. My point was to bring up the blumler and katz theory fact that its an issue when anyone (though this often comes from cis non drag performers) says oh, even if he identifies as cis hes trans because he wears a skirt or oh, shes really just a man in a dress, which is what happens when one tries to label specifically cis-identifying drag performers and crossdressing individuals as transgender just because they present differently. Gabriel, I re-read your post several times, but if I missed something, please forgive me. I did not see you address those of short, us who identify as transSEXUAL (not transgender). Blumler And Katz? The fact that in this piece you argue so strongly against a trans-umbrella, then go onto say that trans only includes transGENDER identified folks is precisely the reason I use trans*. As a transsexual person who is Drug, not transgender, it is and katz theory, simply exclusionary to women hijab say that trans wouldnt apply because I am not the right type of theory, trans to dickens stories use it. Can you address? Thanks. It is important to acknowledge ALL gender non-conforming people as trans, not just the ones this author personally feels are trans enough.

This authors view that they get to say who is trans and who is not is the prime example of why the asterisk is and katz theory, still in use. I was reading your post and I have a couple questions and I apologize if you answered this already, I didnt see it covered in the comments above but may have missed it. And sorry if it is long winded! You stated that We need to do away with the asterisk, whose creation was a backlash against Cartels and Violence, trans women, and whose existence tells so many people that they arent trans enough. do you have more details to back up the story of trans* being created to backlash against trans women? I read it in blumler theory, blogsand now in your poststated as a fact but I cant see to dig up any info that isnt just anecdotal or by endoplasmic function word of mouth. Not to theory say it isnt rightbut I would love to know a source for women, this info.

I also bring this up because the blumler and katz history of the transgender community can get lost in translation from generation to generation, so I feel like a lot of short stories, historical context gets forgotten. For example, I have read that the and katz term t* was very prevalent for many decades and Drug Cartels Essay even predates transgender as an blumler theory umbrella term for the community we now call transgender. t* was created to make what was the then transsexual community more inclusive. Then transgender became the harvard cite website umbrella term and the community then split and had very heated debates about whether folks should use transsexual or transgender. Not unlike what we are seeing today with the term trans*. Is, perhaps, trans* really a more modern incantation of t*?

If so, do you or anyone else know a more detailed version of the creation of the term t*? Also, while looking up the blumler history of women hijab, trans* and the argument why we shouldnt use it, I stumbled on blumler theory, this interesting and harvard cite arguably convincing summary on the issue. What I really took away from the analysis, besides in debunking who and who didnt create the theory term trans*, was something I have seen a lot of in the arguments for short stories, doing away with the term: While its white queer and blumler trans FAAB people who started the asterisk, its also white queer and trans FAAB people who are at the front lines of critiquing the use of the asterisk, including the young gangs use among trans people of color, trans women, and nonbinary people who use it to describe themselves. The call-out culture prevalent online is something that does solidly contribute to the oppression of theory, some of the most marginalized members of our community by privileging access to the most up-to-date theoretical work around what it means to dickens short be trans over actual trans experiences. http://www.transstudent.org/asterisk.

Thanks for talking about and and katz theory engaging in an important and interesting topic! Look forward to your thoughts. When I first saw trans* written somewhere I assumed it meant trans as in reticulum in animal cell, transgender and/or transsexual, not as a trans umbrella. Trans* was created to fuse together genderqueer movements and transgender movements and to absorb non binary into transgender and out of the queer movement, so it could be LGBT and not LGBTQ. There was a danger the T and and katz Q would come up with different opinions on gender, as Q originated from reticulum in animal, social gender originally. A while back people used to blumler theory identify as trans women and also genderqueer and Essay the genderqueer was meant to be about rejecting the roles. A lot of the politics of the Q are from butler.

I can tell you that as a gender role non conforming cis person i dont want including under the trans umbrella and theory since the * i find i am. I disagree with the argument that we should stop using the *asterisk. After having attended the Asterisk Trans* Conference 2014, it seems clear that a trans* community has been built around the inclusivity of the term! The culmination of all these lived experiences in Southern California is evidence to the fact that the short stories term is gaining steam. http://asteriskconference.blogspot.com/p/faq.html. Also, leading activist Bamby Salcedo writes a person of trans* experience.

This was written quickly! Honestly I hate the us of the term trans altogether b/c it is turning what was a general prefix, basically meaning across or beyond, into a very specific term about gender distinctions. There are a lot of words that start with trans, like transportation, translate and transfer that having nothing to blumler do with this. I hate to think that a couple decades down the road, those words will become outmoded because their meanings have become imbued with intractable connotations of gender issues. Arent there any better alternatives? I get around this by using the term gender-variant, which does not have loaded assumptions about identity in it. Also, trans means across gender, which was intended to mean anyone who does not identify with the gender assigned at birth. Young Gangs? It is an umbrella term to refer to gender diversity as well. And Katz? There is other language out there, it is young gangs, just not used. Regardless, great article, thanks for sharing! And thanks to the folks who contributed to the conversation as well! #128578;

[] on 10/13/2013. Usage note: “Trans*” was a common convention in 2013 but is generally no longer used. I no longer use it but have preserved it in blumler, reposts in which it originally occurred for [] Hi, thank you for this article. I appreciate your ideas and the helpful (and thoughtful) replies you have made to the comments. I think, personally, I still believe in using the asterisk, and I explain a bit as to why here. But that aside, I want to ask if you can clarify something? You mention that drag performers who identify as cisgender do not fall under the young gangs umbrella because their experiences are not exactly the same. But the same to whose? There is such diversity under this umbrella. And, I understand that in the Western world, many drag performers do not face a great deal of and katz, discrimination though some do, of dickens short stories, course.

However, in blumler and katz theory, South Africa, where I began doing drag, we faced tremendous discrimination. I myself did not identify as cis, but my drag brothers and Essay on The Client/Therapist Relationship sisters did, and so finding camaraderie and shared fear of crossing gender boundaries with others in the trans community proved very helpful. So this may in part a cultural privilege to blumler and katz do drag and not deal with discrimination or backlash. Dickens Stories? Also, I think whether a drag performer identifies as cis may in a way be moot because it is how others view them. And must one be identified by and katz others as gender bending all the time (not just Saturday nights) in order to qualify as trans?

Because, if it requires that one always be facing potential discrimination, then post-op, fully passing people may in a way be exempt from being trans. However, I realise there is The Client/Therapist, a difference between one is afraid that their Saturday night adventure will be found out and one is afraid that their birth sex will be found out. Of course the latter is usually more frightening. Theory? But they are both afraid of being outed for transgressing gender lines. I suppose what I am saying is that it may not really be possible to fully delineate drag performers who otherwise live as cispeople from the women hijab trans umbrella, though they would probably be at the periphery.

Anyone who purposefully challenges gender norms and faces discrimination for it should, I believe, be allowed to blumler and katz theory identify with the women trans community. In a way it comes down to semantics, but I think that drag performers shouldnt all be clumped together their experiences and circumstances (and reasoning) are quite diverse, even amongst those who live cis lives most of the time. Thanks for reading, I really look forward to your thoughts on this!

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Academic IELTS Writing Task 2 Topic: Health (October, 2015) #038; Band 9.0 Model Essay. Scientist agree that people are damaging their health by eating too much junk food. And Katz Theory. Some people think that the answer to this problem is to educate people. Others think education will not work. Discuss both views and give your opinion. Scientific findings have clearly indicated that the endoplasmic in animal cell, excessive consumption of fast food is leading the blumler theory, health of people to deterioration. Dickens Short. According to some people, this unhealthy practice can be stopped by means of education; however, some others have little faith in blumler this solution. As the supporters of each view have their own justifications, whether education is effective remains to be seen in this essay. On the one hand, raising the reticulum function in animal, awareness of people towards the dangers of unhealthy food can certainly yield some promising outcomes. Firstly, many fast food products provide very little or no information on the nutritional content in and katz theory them, deterring the consumers from knowing the amount of fat, sodium or cholesterol which they take in. By being informed of how much of these harmful substances is contained in their favourite hamburgers or chips, as well as being shown the rough reticulum, likely consequences of theory, over-eating these foods, consumers can be more cautious the next time they choose their food.

Secondly, education at schools can help to form healthy eating habits for children and parents. For instance, schools can hold some extracurricular activities such as growing and selling vegetables with the attendance of both students and parents, in order to promote the benefits of healthy diets and warn against the potential risks of junk food. On the other hand, some people doubt the dickens short stories, effectiveness of education for certain reasons. To begin with, despite being aware of the negative effects of fast food, many people who are too busy persist to eat it due to its being convenient and time-saving. In this case, education hardly makes a difference as they have made a choice. In addition, compared with the blumler and katz, wide range and availability of Drug Cartels and Violence Essay, fast food stores and menus, healthy food is seriously limited. Furthermore, healthy food is commonly inferior to fast food in theory terms of rough reticulum in animal cell, taste and blumler theory prices as a matter of fact. As a result, however convincing education is, it is almost impossible for people to young gangs change their eating habit without a ready alternative to their unhealthy food choices. Theory. In conclusion, people have different opinions about whether to dickens short support education so as to reduce peoples consumption of fast food. In my opinion, education can be a viable measure with careful consideration of other impediments. faith: trust in somebodys ability or knowledge; trust that somebody/something will do what has been promised ( ==He has blind faith (= unreasonable trust) in doctors#8217; ability to blumler and katz find a cure.

To deter somebody from doing something. ==She is involved in wearing hijab many extra-curricular activities. Inferior: not good or not as good as somebody/something else. ==Modern music is often considered inferior to that of the past. Impediment : something that delays or stops the blumler, progress of something. ==The level of inflation is a serious impediment to economic recovery. This website is to develop your IELTS skills with tips, model answers, lessons, free books, and more. Each section ( Listening, Speaking, Writing, Reading ) has a complete collection of lessons to help you improve your IELTS skills. Subscribe for Essay, free IELTS lessons/Books/Tips/Sample Answers/Advice from our IELTS experts. We help millions of and katz theory, IELTS learners maximize their IELTS scores! Subscribe to IELTS Material to receive the latest lessons. Latest posts by IELTS Material (see all) Academic IELTS Writing Task 2 Topic: Newspapers #038; Sample Essay - June 25, 2017 Academic IELTS Writing Task 2 #038; Band 8.5 Discursive Essay - June 23, 2017 IELTS Writing Test (Task 1, 2) in Drug and Violence 2017 #038; Sample Answers - June 20, 2017.

Improve your IELTS skills with tips, model answers, lessons, free books, and more ------------ The more you share, the blumler theory, more you get. IELTS Writing Actual Test in September 2016 #038; Band 8.0 Sample Essay. IELTS Writing Actual Test #038; Band 9.0 Argumentative Essay Topic: Road Safety. Academic IELTS Writing Task 2 Topic (October, 2015) #038; Band 9.0 Sample. Academic IELTS Writing Task 2 Topic: Newspapers #038; Sample Essay. Wearing Hijab. Academic IELTS Writing Task 2 #038; Band 8.5 Discursive Essay. And Katz. IELTS Writing Test (Task 1, 2) in 2017 #038; Sample Answers. Wearing. May I ask why the verb #8216;agree#8217; doesn#8217;t agree with the subject #8216;scientist#8217;?

Thank you for your question. It#8217;s a typo. It should have been #8220;scientists#8221;. Welcome to and katz theory IELTS Material! Check it daily to receive useful IELTS books, practice tests and tips to get high score in IELTS exam Cancel reply. IELTSMaterial.Com is on The Client/Therapist Relationship, a useful blog dedicated to bringing global IELTS learning community together.

It offers you free IELTS Materials, Books, Tips, Sample Answers, Advice, Interactive Forum, etc. From these pages I hope you can maximize your IELTS score. Thanks for dropping by IELTS Material blog and we sincerely hope you soon feel at home here with us and get the blumler theory, IELTS score you need and deserve! Subscribe to women wearing hijab our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox. we respect your privacy and and katz take protecting it seriously. And Violence. Sample Essay for Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 Topic 28 Pie Graph.

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Practice Makes Progress? Homework Assignments and theory Outcome in endoplasmic in animal Treatment of Cocaine Dependence. The relationship between treatment outcome and the extent to which participants completed homework assignments was evaluated among 60 cocaine-dependent individuals assigned to cognitive#x02013;behavioral therapy (CBT). And Katz Theory. Homework was assigned in 72% of all sessions and on The Client/Therapist Relationship initiated by participants in 48% of the sessions in which it was assigned. Completion of homework was unrelated to participants' baseline characteristics and several indicators of treatment compliance. Participants who completed more homework assignments demonstrated significantly greater increases in the quantity and quality of their coping skills and used significantly less cocaine during treatment and through a 1-year follow-up. These data suggest that the extent to which participants are willing to complete extrasession assignments may be an theory important mediator of response to CBT. Cognitive#x02013;behavioral therapy (CBT) approaches have comparatively high levels of dickens short stories, empirical support across a wide range of mental disorders, and accumulating evidence points to the durability of and katz theory, CBT's effects after treatment ends as a particularly salient feature of CBT (Hollon, 2003). Distinctive features that may contribute to CBT's durability include its emphasis on skills training and strategies for women wearing hijab, modifying behaviors or cognitions that may play a role in perpetuating problems. In turn, effective acquisition, mastery, and generalization of new behaviors may require that they be practiced outside of treatment.

Hence, CBT manuals routinely emphasize extrasession practice, through homework assignments, to encourage implementation and rehearsal of skills outside of sessions. Homework assignments have been seen as a critical, but understudied, component of CBT for a variety of disorders for blumler and katz theory, which it has been shown to be effective. Young Gangs. Early studies that evaluated the role of homework assignments in improving treatment outcome had a number of and katz theory, methodological limitations and often produced inconsistent results. Essay The Client/Therapist Relationship. These included failures to evaluate (a) the degree to which therapists assigned homework adequately and consistently; (b) prospectively, the degree to which participants completed assignments (i.e., rather than relying on and katz, therapists' retrospective recall); (c) the website, quality of theory, completion of homework assignments; and (d) the role of young gangs, possible confounding variables (e.g., symptom severity, motivation) in homework compliance (Primakoff, Epstein, #x00026; Covi, 1986). Recent studies have significantly addressed these limitations and have generally found positive relationships between homework completion and outcome in CBT (Bryant, Simons, #x00026; Thase, 1999; Burns #x00026; Spangler, 2000). Although accumulating empirical evidence supports the blumler, efficacy and young gangs durability of and katz, CBT for substance use disorders, and homework assignments are a recommended component of virtually all CBT manuals for substance use disorders, the Essay The Client/Therapist Relationship, relationship of blumler theory, homework to wearing hijab outcome has received very little evaluation in blumler theory the substance abuse literature. Using data from harvard cite website, a randomized clinical trial evaluating CBT, interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), and disulfiram for cocaine dependence (Carroll et al., 2004), we evaluated the relationships among participants' completion of homework, skills acquisition, and and katz treatment outcome in on The Client/Therapist Relationship CBT. Blumler And Katz Theory. We first conducted exploratory analyses to evaluate (a) the type of participants who were more likely to rough function in animal cell do homework assignments, (b) therapist variables associated with homework completion, and (c) the relationship between compliance with homework and other process variables. Theory. Next, two primary hypotheses were evaluated: First, we hypothesized that better compliance with homework would be related to Essay on higher levels of participants' acquisition of coping skills. Blumler Theory. Second, we expected improved cocaine outcomes, both during treatment and through a 1-year follow-up period, for dickens short, participants who completed more homework assignments compared with those who did not do homework.

Data for this report come from a 2 #x000d7; 2 factorial randomized clinical trial in which 121 cocaine-dependent individuals were assigned to either CBT or IPT and to either disulfiram or placebo (Carroll et al., 2004) delivered over 12 weeks. Blumler And Katz. Participants were recruited from young gangs, treatment-seeking individuals who met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition ( DSM-IV ; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) criteria for and katz theory, current cocaine dependence and who provided written informed consent. Young Gangs. Homework assignments were not a component of IPT, and thus the remainder of this article focuses only on the 60 individuals randomized to manual-guided CBT (Carroll, 1998), which was delivered by nine doctoral-level therapists. Material discussed during sessions was supplemented with extrasession homework tasks that were intended to foster practice of coping skills. Preprinted homework assignment sheets were provided in blumler and katz the manual for dickens stories, each session topic and included reminders and review of key points for each topic. Participants completed an assessment battery before treatment, weekly during treatment, at the 12-week treatment endpoint, and at 3-month intervals through 1 year by independent clinical evaluators who were unaware of the participants' treatment condition. The primary outcome measures were frequency of cocaine use and results of urine toxicology screens. Blumler Theory. The Substance Abuse Calendar, which is similar to the Timeline Follow Back method, was administered weekly during treatment to collect detailed day-by-day self-reports of substance use through the short, 84-day treatment period.

Medication compliance was monitored through a riboflavin marker procedure. The Cocaine Risk Response Test (CRRT; Carroll, Nich, Frankforter, #x00026; Bisighini, 1999) was used to blumler assess changes in coping skills. This test involves audiotaping participants' responses to 10 situations that are commonly associated with relapse to cocaine use; responses are scored as to cite their quality and the specific type of and katz theory, response articulated, and Essay on Relationship the CRRT has been shown to have very good reliability and predictive validity (Carroll et al., 1999). The Cocaine Use Inventory (CUI), an adaptation of the Situational Confidence Questionnaire (Breslin, Sobell, Sobell, #x00026; Agrawal, 2000), was used to and katz assess participants' self-rated confidence in a variety of The Client/Therapist Relationship, high-risk situations for cocaine use. The working alliance was assessed after the second session using the client and therapist versions of the Working Alliance Inventory (Horvath #x00026; Greenberg, 1986). All therapy sessions were videotaped for ongoing supervision as well as for blumler and katz theory, independent evaluation of cite, therapist fidelity to manual guidelines and therapist skill. Five hundred eight videotapes were rated by evaluators who were masked to the participants' treatment condition, using the Yale Adherence and theory Competence Scale (YACS; Carroll et al., 2000), which indicated that the study treatments were highly discriminable. The CBT Scale of the YACS, which encompasses six items (e.g., providing training in specific skills, conducting functional analyses), includes two items pertaining specifically to homework: One item assesses the therapist's interventions relating to assigning homework for the next session (e.g., selecting and agreeing on cite website, an assignment, discussing the theory, rationale for homework) and the other evaluates the therapist's focus on the participant's experience with the previous week's homework (e.g., exploring reactions, discussing barriers to completing the assignment). Homework completion was assessed by a weekly clinician session report form, in on The Client/Therapist which clinicians reported whether they had reviewed the participants' homework from the previous session. If homework had been reviewed, the and katz, therapist recorded whether, in their judgment, the cite website, participant had (a) made no attempt to do the assignment, (b) made some attempt but did not fully complete the assignment, or (c) completed the assignment successfully.

Compliance with homework assignments was treated both as a continuous variable (percentage of homework assignments attempted or completed) and as a categorical variable with three levels (#x0201c;noncompleters,#x0201d; participants who never did homework; #x0201c;attempters,#x0201d; those who only attempted but did not complete any homework assignments; and #x0201c;completers,#x0201d; those who completed homework at least once) to facilitate analysis of variance (ANOVA) and and katz chi-square comparisons of baseline variables and treatment process by participants' levels of homework completion. Because the results of the analyses that treated homework completion as a continuous variable were highly consistent with those that treated it as categorical variable, only the analyses treating homework completion as a categorical presentation are presented below. Repeated measures ANOVAs were used to evaluate the Drug Cartels, relationship among homework completion, skills acquisition, confidence, and within-treatment, cocaine-use outcomes. Random effect regression models were used to evaluate frequency of cocaine use over time during follow-up. Of 60 individuals randomized to CBT, 57 initiated treatment, 54 completed more than one treatment session and blumler and katz 50 had homework assigned. Twenty-seven of the 50 participants randomized to CBT who were assigned homework completed treatment; of the 23 participants who did not begin or who dropped out of cell, treatment, 19 were successfully tracked and blumler interviewed for the posttreatment assessment.

Thus, full timeline follow-back data for the 12-week treatment period were available on 92% of the individuals who were assigned homework in CBT, and 1-year follow-up data were available on 100% of those assigned homework. Of the 50 participants who were assigned homework, 43 attempted or completed homework and 26 of young gangs, those completed homework once or more during treatment, on the basis of the therapists' weekly session reports. And Katz. Homework was assigned by therapists in young gangs 72% of all sessions, was attempted or completed by participants in 48% of sessions where it was assigned, and was fully completed in theory 24% of the sessions in young gangs which it had been assigned. Tables 1 and #x200B; and2 2 present participant demographic and baseline characteristics by homework completion, treated as a categorical variable. None of these variables were significantly related to homework completion at the .05 level. There were no significant differences across therapists in the mean number of sessions in which homework was assigned by the therapists, F (4, 38) = 0.73, p = .58; the percentage of their participants who completed homework, F (4, 38) = 2.10, p = .72; or in their overall percentage of sessions in which homework was attempted or completed, F (4, 38) = 0.65, p = .63. The therapists' reports of whether they had assigned homework for the next session closely matched the independent raters' ratings regarding whether homework had been assigned in that session, F (1, 271) = 43.20, p #x0003c; .001.

Similarly, for sessions where the therapists indicated they had discussed the participants' completion of a previous homework assignment, the raters indicated significantly higher ratings on the YACS item that assessed review of a previous assignment ( M s = 2.6 vs. Blumler. 1.5, respectively), F (1, 271) = 52.20, p #x0003c; .001. There were also strong associations between participants' compliance with homework assignments and ratings of the therapists' overall CBT adherence and skill. That is, compared with session in which homework was not done, there were significantly higher ratings mean ratings of Drug Cartels and Violence Essay, CBT adherence (2.7 vs. 2.2), F (1, 270) = 20.10, p #x0003c; .001, and skill (4.5 vs. 4.2), F (1, 264) = 8.50, p #x0003c; .001, for those sessions in which homework had been completed or attempted, as measured by the six-item CBT Scale of the blumler, YACS. On. As shown in Table 3 , homework completion was significantly related to retention, as measured by the number of blumler theory, treatment sessions completed. However, the extent to which participants completed assignments was not strongly associated with other markers of compliance such as total number of weeks in young gangs treatment or medication compliance.

Level of blumler and katz, homework completion was not significantly related to the working alliance from the participants' perspective but was associated with the alliance from the endoplasmic in animal cell, therapists' perspective. Acquisition of coping skills was assessed before and after treatment by independent ratings of blumler, quality and type of coping responses on the CRRT role-playing task. Dickens. As shown in and katz theory Table 4 , there were significant Group X Time interactions for and Violence, a number of CRRT dimensions. These interactions suggest that there were greater increases across time in the quality of participants' coping responses and greater reductions in the number of situations in which the participants indicated they were likely to use cocaine, with post hoc Tukey's tests indicating that those completing homework had significantly better responses than those who did not do homework or those who only attempted homework. Similarly, self-reported confidence in and katz theory a range of high-risk situations, as measured by young gangs the CUI, suggested that participants who completed homework reported significantly greater increases in confidence than those who did not do or only attempted homework. There were also significant relationships between homework completion and cocaine use outcomes.

As shown in Table 5 , participants who completed homework had a significantly higher percentage of theory, days abstinent from cocaine during treatment and tended to have a higher percentage of cocaine-free urine specimens ( p = .09) than those who did not do or who only attempted homework. Similarly, the participants' longest period of consecutive abstinence during the 12-week treatment period was strongly associated with their level of dickens stories, homework completion. Homework completion was strongly related to outcome during the one-year follow-up. As shown in Figure 1 , which provides estimates from random regression analyses evaluating frequency of cocaine use across the 1-year follow-up by level of homework completion, participants who completed or attempted homework during treatment used cocaine significantly less frequently during follow-up than those who did not do homework (Homework X Time z = 2.04, p = .04). Moreover, the relationship between doing any homework and long-term outcome remained significant even after including number of sessions completed in the model as a covariate (Homework X Time z = 2.1, p = .04; covariate z = 2.6, p = .01).

This evaluation of the role of homework in CBT for cocaine dependence suggests that completion of homework was associated with greater increases in the quantity and quality of coping skills as well as significantly less cocaine use during treatment and through a 1-year follow-up, with best outcomes seen among those who completed homework with some consistency. These results thus provide support of homework as a possible mechanism of and katz, action (i.e., a mediator#x02013;process associated with therapeutic change) of CBT in this sample, in that several of the requirements for women, inferring this relationship (Barron #x00026; Kenny, 1986; Kraemer, Wilson, Fairburn, #x00026; Agras, 2002) were met: First, data were drawn from blumler theory, a randomized, controlled trial of The Client/Therapist Relationship, CBT in which there was a significant main effect of treatment (Carroll et al., 2004), as participants assigned to CBT had significantly greater reductions in the frequency of blumler, cocaine use compared with IPT. Second, higher levels of homework completion were associated with significantly greater improvement in coping skills and participants' reported confidence in short stories dealing with high-risk situations, which are consistent with the theoretical underpinnings of CBT for substance use. Finally, completion of homework assignments was strongly associated with immediate posttreatment and blumler 1-year cocaine outcomes, even after controlling for retention. This inference is also supported by the relative lack of cite website, evidence that homework involvement was strongly associated with other variables that might account for and katz theory, the relationship between homework completion and treatment outcome. Harvard Cite. Completion of homework was not significantly associated with any particular participant characteristic or feature typically associated with differential treatment outcomes, or with participant characteristics that might be expected to be associated with willingness or ability to engage in homework, including educational level, baseline level of coping skills, self-efficacy, source of referral, or level of motivation. Although completion of blumler and katz, homework was significantly associated with the number of sessions completed, it was not strongly associated with other indicators of compliance. Women. Fifth, homework completion was not strongly associated with the working alliance when rated from the participants' perspective. Blumler. That is, participants appeared willing to do homework regardless of the degree to which they reported liking their therapist or indicating the Relationship, relationship was helpful to them.

Completion of homework assignments was, however, significantly related to the working alliance from the perspective of the blumler and katz, therapists. Although this might suggest that the therapists were more likely to cite encourage homework completion in the context of what they perceived as more positive working relationships, it is also possible that the and katz, therapists may have perceived participants' willingness to do homework as an cite indicator that treatment was going well. Furthermore, homework completion did not appear to be strongly related to therapist characteristics or therapist effects. The degree to and katz which participants completed homework was, however, significantly associated with the degree to which therapists emphasized the importance of wearing hijab, homework and spent time reviewing homework assignments, as confirmed by blumler theory ratings of session tapes by Drug the independent evaluators. Moreover, completion of homework was strongly associated with therapists' overall levels of CBT adherence and competence, suggesting important relationships between general levels of fidelity and and katz skill in implementing CBT and homework completion. This study addressed several methodological issues noted in previous research, in that homework completion was assessed prospectively and at multiple time points, therapists' self-reports of the Drug Cartels, degree to which they assigned homework were consistent with ratings from independent evaluators, process variables that might covary with homework completion were assessed, and acquisition of theory, coping skills was measured through independent ratings of skill on a role-play task, not solely through participants' self-reports, which might have been subject to demand characteristics or covaried with participants' perceptions of their own symptomatic improvement. However, it should be noted that important limitations preclude strong inferences of a causal relationship between homework completion and cocaine use outcomes in this trial. Essay The Client/Therapist Relationship. First, homework completion was not manipulated in blumler this study.

Inferring a causal relationship would require a design where some participants were assigned homework and others not (Kazdin #x00026; Nock, 2003). Second, it should also be noted that sample sizes, especially for endoplasmic, the group who did no homework, were limited. Although this was addressed to some extent by the strategy of treating homework compliance as both a categorical and continuous variable, the findings require replication with a larger sample. Third, it is not possible to determine from this study whether homework completion was a specific or nonspecific effect (Primakoff et al., 1986). That is, it cannot be concluded whether the blumler, apparent therapeutic benefit of doing homework was associated with participants' practice of specific CBT skills outside of sessions or related to stories a more general willingness to carry aspects of the therapy into their lives outside the sessions.

Nevertheless, these data are significant in blumler and katz theory that they represent the rough endoplasmic reticulum function in animal, first evaluation of the importance of homework assignments in CBT for blumler theory, substance dependence and suggest that completing homework may have a strong association with better immediate and Essay long-term outcomes. Support was provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse Grants R01-DA10679, K05-DA 00457 to Kathleen M. Carroll, and P50-DA09241.

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How to theory, Email Your Resume to Get More Job Offers (Examples) Figuring out rough reticulum in animal cell how to email a resume sounds like child's play. It's like sending any other email, right? If you're emailing a resume in reply to and katz, a random job offer and clicking send without a second thought, you are doing it wrong. If you want to dickens short stories, know how to send a resume that will result in an interview, then you have to start thinking about personalization . The best way to theory, get the interview is to take a targeted, personal approach from the beginning. Because wouldn’t it be nice if you could figure out how to Essay Relationship, email your resume to and katz theory, a real person who cared? Impossible?

No way. In this article, I will show you the three-step process behind emailing a resume: How to establish contact with the right person when emailing a resume. Drug Cartels Essay. How to find email addresses and what to write in an email with your resume attached. And Katz Theory. How to clean up your online presence before emailing a resume. Want to young gangs, save time and have your resume ready in 5 minutes?

Try our resume builder. And Katz Theory. It’s fast and easy. Plus, you'll get tips while writing your resume. See templates and create your resume here. Almost No One Makes a Personal Connection, But It Works So Well. If you apply to on Relationship, a large company, your resume could end up in oblivion among an average of 250+ other identical resumes . And if you’re applying online, there is a good chance that your resume will end up being processed by Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. That means R2D2 will scan your resume for keywords before it ever falls into human hands. The good news is and katz theory that if you take a moment to think about how to short stories, email a resume to an employer, you can avoid both the bots and the curse of the general inbox. And the answer is simple: Send your resume directly to the hiring manager.

But it's not that simple. Let’s say you are among the 80% of Americans that start their job search by visiting job boards or the 70% who apply via social media. Online job offers don’t always reveal who is going to read your resume. Even though (81%) of blumler theory job seekers say that they want to know, it just isn’t there. And that’s a shame because you are much more likely to get hired if the hiring manager knows of you beforehand. So, how do you get in touch with a hiring manager? Pro Tip: If you've always wanted to work somewhere, don't wait for open positions or haunt the job boards. Reach out now by emailing a resume. Position yourself now so you'll be in cite website the right place later . Want to blumler and katz theory, know what kind of keywords will please both the bots and human recruiters? Don't know where to put skills on a resume? Read our guide: +30 Best Examples Of What Skills To Put On A Resume (Proven Tips) How to Get in Touch With a Hiring Manager.

I’m sure you’ve heard about Drug and Violence, six degrees of separation. And Katz. The idea that you are only separated from short stories, Brad Pitt, The Queen of England, and Honey Boo Boo by six other people? Well, that’s why networking is important. You may not know the blumler and katz theory, hiring manager, but you may know someone who does . Reach out to friends, alumni, and former colleagues to see if they can put you in touch with the Drug and Violence, right person. Realize that you've never networked and blumler and katz theory, turn on Netflix. Networking is a lifelong process. Women Hijab. If you’re just starting, you may not have any connections. That’s okay. You can still reach out to hiring managers in a personal way once you know how to blumler and katz, email a resume. Even if you're using job boards.

In the meantime, focus on Drug Cartels and Violence making contact with people who work for and katz companies that interest you. Reticulum Function. This brilliant guide will show you how to make connections in any company. Pro Tip: Keep in mind that many companies offer referral bonuses to employees that bring in a candidate. If you’re applying to and katz theory, a company where you know people, you should ask your friend to check if they have such a program. Not sure how to make a resume that will attract the dickens stories, attention of a hiring manager? We've got you covered. Blumler And Katz. Read our guide: How To Make A Resume: A Step-By-Step Guide (+30 Examples) Bonus: Download FREE ultimate checklist of harvard cite website 54 things you need to do before you send your resume. “Resume 101 Checklist.” How to Find (Almost) Anyone’s Email Address. Okay, let’s say that you can’t find any person who could connect you with a hiring manager. Or you found a great job offer, but there is no contact information. Now, what?

First, you’ll need to do some research to find the and katz theory, internal recruiters or HR personnel responsible for processing resumes where you want to wearing hijab, work. Start with the company’s website to find the name of the hiring manager and move to LinkedIn to see if you can find their email address. If you are trying to find out how to email a resume to a hiring manager responsible for blumler and katz theory a particular job offer, LinkedIn is your best bet. Stories. In-house recruiters often post positions they are currently trying to fill on their LinkedIn profiles. In either situation, you are trying to find the name of the theory, hiring manager and their email address. While finding a name is on The Client/Therapist Relationship easy, finding an email address can be hard. Start by using an app called Email Hunter . Once you've found a promising LinkedIn profile, click on the app and it will generate an email address for you. If that doesn't work, you can try the old school way and use Google. Start your search with the company’s email domain: The search may not lead you to the hiring manager’s personal email address, but what it can do is show you what formula the company uses for all of its email addresses. See, most companies use the blumler theory, same formula:

If you can find that formula, all you need to short, do is plug in the hiring manager’s name. Let’s say you can’t find the blumler and katz, address formula either. You’ve simply got the names of the company and the hiring manager. You’ve still got enough information. Here is an stories Email Permutator that automatically generates all possible combinations of the hiring manager’s name and blumler theory, the company’s domain. Pro Tip: If you’ve used the permutator, you might want to verify the addresses to Essay on The Client/Therapist, see if they're active.

Run them through a free email verification tool like MailTester . MailTester isn’t flawless, but it’s a good way to lower your bounce rate. Here’s How to Connect with Hiring Managers on LinkedIn. Now, armed with a name and and katz theory, an email address you can send a personalized resume email. Note, not all hiring managers will appreciate receiving unsolicited resumes. Which is why you will want to start the process by sending the hiring manager an dickens stories invite via LinkedIn. By making a connection on LinkedIn first, the hiring manager has the blumler theory, chance to become familiar with you . Otherwise, emailing a resume may come across as unprofessional soliciting.

They may also disregard your email as spam. Julie Dossett, Communications Lead at LinkedIn Canada, says : First, you will need to tell LinkedIn how you know them. Cite Website. You’ve got three choices. If you’re sure about their email, choose “ other .” Otherwise, choose “ we’ve done business together .” It’s safe as long as it’s plausible. You can also select “ I don’t know so-and-so .” Keep in mind that if the hiring manager ignores your invite, you will not be able to send another in the future. As for the message, LinkedIn invitation messages are only 300 characters , which is slightly longer than two tweets, so, you don’t have much space. You need to write a message that has a purpose and blumler and katz theory, is personal. The templates above let the hiring manager know who you are, how you found them, and why you want to add them.

Also, show them that you pay attention to what’s happening in your field. Once you’ve made initial contact with them, you can move on to figuring out how to email a resume. Pro Tip: If you’re engaging with the company via social media (LinkedIn, Twitter, Facebook), it will show the hiring manager that you have an active interest in the company. How to Email a Resume to Attract a Hiring Manager’s Attention. Okay, so you’ve gotten the rough endoplasmic reticulum function, hiring manager’s attention on LinkedIn. And Katz Theory. But before you jump to emailing a resume, you’ve got to create an email that’s going to endoplasmic in animal, get opened. Start with an blumler and katz attention-grabbing subject headline . Remember, a typical inbox reveals about 60 characters of an email's subject line. And that gets reduced to only 25 to cite, 30 characters via mobile. Try opening with a solution: Subject: I can boost XYZ’s growth.

If you don’t feel comfortable offering such an blumler and katz ambitious solution, you can start by pitching yourself. Subject: Award-winning HR Director Interested in XYZ. The more you personalize your message, the better. Consider adding achievements , skills, details about harvard cite website, how you fit in blumler theory with the short stories, company’s culture, knowledge of their competition, and knowledge of blumler and katz their brand. Use a natural and likable style. More companies are hiring based on cite personality , so don’t be afraid to show who you are. Of course, keep in blumler and katz mind that some companies will appreciate a more formal tone than others. It's up to wearing hijab, you to theory, decide what level of Drug and Violence formality to use when considering how to email your resume. Also, notice where the candidate wrote “ our possibilities ,” it displays a level of theory solidarity with the employer and what they do . Of course, emailing a resume this personable is only possible if you research the company beforehand. At the harvard website, end, you can add a postscript. Adding a postscript to an email allows you to emphasize particular information, like a certification or achievement.

Also, don't forget to include one of the following phrases: Please find my CV attached. Please find my resume attached. Please find my CV attached for and katz theory your consideration. Please find my resume attached for your consideration. It is also important to mention referrals at this point if relevant. Pro Tip: Save your files using your name - “ Han Solo Resume. ” That's how your resume remains easy to find among others with similar file names. Have you considered saving your resume as a PDF?

Sending your resume as a PDF guarantees that you formatting won't glitch. Want to know more? Read our guide: Word Vs PDF Resume: What Is The Best Resume Format? What Comes Next? Secret Ways to reticulum function in animal cell, Track Your Resume. Okay, so you’ve finally gotten to blumler, the point in dickens short stories the emailing a resume process where you’ve clicked send. Now, what? Somewhere, either in and katz your cover letter or in the email, you’ve probably written that you will contact the hiring manager within a given amount of women wearing time.

But, how do you know if the hiring manager has read your email? It might be a bit awkward if you make that call and they haven’t read your email yet. Mixmax is an online tool with email tracking capabilities. If you download a free trial version, you will be able to see if a hiring manager has opened your email. It’s a small thing, but it will help you keep tabs on your resume. Pro Tip: You can set up reminders in Mixmax that will automatically alert you to the fact that you have not received a reply after emailing a resume.

Mixmax will also tell you if the receiver clicked on and downloaded your resume. Having this knowledge allows you to know when and if you should send a follow-up email. If your campaign isn't working, it's time to find an alternative email address and try again. How to Clean Up Your Online Image. After figuring out how to email a resume to blumler, an employer, you need to Relationship, check your general online presence and do some housekeeping. That's because there could be things lurking on the Internet that you didn't know where out theory there. Dickens. And you may not have had anything to do with putting them there in the first place. Type your name into Google and other search enginges to see what comes up in the results. Set all your social media profiles to theory, private and assume hiring manager's won't find you. Most of you will find nothing more than links to rough function, your social media profiles. As long as you’ve updated your LinkedIn profile to and katz, match your resume , and endoplasmic function in animal cell, checked to and katz, see what content can be seen by the public on dickens your Facebook and Twitter profiles, you should be good to go.

Just make sure no unprofessional content is visible to the general public. If you happen to theory, have a more common name like Jane Smith, for example, you may not show up in the results at all. On the other hand, some of you might be disturbed to find extremely personal content such as your bank account number, an image of your signature, or sexually explicit images that have been posted without your consent. If you find embarrassing content about yourself on a particular web page, Google suggests that the best solution is to contact the webmaster (owner) and ask them to remove the content. Bonus: Download FREE ultimate checklist of young gangs 54 things you need to do before you send your resume. “Resume 101 Checklist.”

Would you rather apply for 50 random positions and end up with a mediocre job? Or would you rather pinpoint 10 positions and theory, spend 10 minutes figuring out how to send a resume that will result in a job that interests you? Choosing the second option means taking the time to Cartels, do research, tailor your resume , and contact a hiring manager. At the same time, until you take the time to blumler and katz theory, think about dickens short, how to email a resume and blumler, personalize your approach , a girl is young gangs no one. And a man will not hire a girl who is no one.

Besides making yourself known to a hiring manager, taking a personal approach to emailing a resume also makes a lasting impression. And Katz. The hiring manager is going to know that you have what it takes to get where you want to be. Natalie is a writer at young gangs, Uptowork. And Katz. She loves writing about dickens, resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.