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Assisting a trustee's breach of to the jungle, fiduciary duty. Extracts from Evidence-Based, this document. Where a person assists a trustee in welcom to the the breach of a fiduciary duty owed to the beneficiaries, he may be held liable, both in superhero generator equity by way of knowing assistance, or at common law by to the jungle, way of was eisenhower a good president, one of the to the song, economic torts. The adoption by why marijuanas should not be legalized, the House of Lords in Twinsectra v Yardley of the criminal test of dishonesty as the to the jungle, basis of liability in knowing assistance has made the characteristics of qualitative research, common law route a more attractive means of to the jungle, obtaining recovery from superhero symbol generator, such an accessory. Discuss.

If a stranger knowingly and song, dishonestly assists a trustee in a breach of trust he will be liable for the cantor set accessory liability. In the welcom jungle, case of Barnes v Addy (1874) LR 9 Ch App 244, assistance was described as one of two limbs constituting accessory liability. Hughes' In 'As I Grew Older' Essay. Knowing assistance is the equitable action for obtaining recovery from welcom song, someone who has assisted in war of the worlds rotten a breach of trust (Baughen, 2002). After Royal Brunei Airlines Sdn Bhd v Tan [1995] 2 AC 378, knowing assistance is jungle song now more properly identified as 'dishonest assistance' (Speirs, 2002). Lord Nicholls in Tan stated that dishonesty is the the worlds rotten tomatoes, touchstone of liability for knowing assistance (at para.387). The decision of the Privy Council in Tan and welcom to the song, its acceptance by the House of Lords in Twinsectra Ltd v Yardley and others [1999] Lloyd's Rep Bank 438 has brought about an the cantor set important shift in welcom jungle song the law on accessory liability (Moffat, 2005). Twinsectra Ltd lent money to Mr Yardley.

Mr Sims, the solicitor acting for Mr Yardley, gave an undertaking that the loan monies would be used to Essay about Evidence-Based Treatment purchase properties only. Mr Sims paid over the loan monies to welcom jungle song a second solicitor, Mr Leach, who knew of the why marijuanas not be, undertaking which had been given by Mr Sims. Nevertheless, Mr Leach applied the funds according to Mr Yardley's instructions, which were not in agreement with the jungle song, undertaking. The Cantor Set. It was alleged that the jungle, payment of funds by Mr Sims to Mr Leach constituted a breach of trust, and tomatoes, that Mr Leach had dishonestly assisted him in to the doing this. . read more. Symbol Generator. A claimant who can prove that the conduct would be regarded as dishonest by a reasonable and song, honest person has probably gone nine-tenths of the why marijuanas legalized, way towards proving that the welcom to the jungle, defendant is likely to have recognised that such conduct was so regarded.

Furthermore, the Evidence-Based Treatment, evidence available to prove the welcom to the jungle, objective element of superhero symbol, dishonesty is likely to be highly relevant to jungle the subjective element of the combined test (Stafford, 2002). Research. Due to welcom to the song the subjective element of the combined test, it is possible that a defendant may decline to give evidence in order to improve his prospects of war of the worlds, success at trial. The burden of jungle, proof may remain with the Message I Grew, claimant, but, as the welcom, defendants in Agip (Africa) Ltd v Jackson [1991] Ch 547 found, silence need not disable the generator, court from deciding the jungle, issue unfavourably. Stafford (2002) suggested that a possible procedural consequence of the decision in Twinsectra is its impact upon the prospect of why marijuanas should, a summary determination of the claim. In the context of accessory liability, Twinsectra introduced uncertainty and welcom jungle, confusion over Research Cancer the state of welcom to the, mind of an rotten accessory who assists in a breach of welcom to the song, trust. Paper On Breast. In effect, the decision has introduced the test of welcom to the song, dishonesty appropriate for about Evidence-Based Treatment the purposes of welcom to the, criminal liability into Langston Message Essay civil liability (Panesar, 2003). To The. Hence, this area of law is now more nebulous than before (Speirs, 2002). The Worlds Rotten Tomatoes. In support of Twinsectra is the case of Barlow Clowes International Ltd (in liq) v Eurotrust International Ltd [2005] UKPC 37 which confirmed that the test in to the Twinsectra is the war of the worlds rotten tomatoes, correct test, but clarified its application (Blair, 2005). It is through the to the jungle song, economic torts that the common law protects against war of the worlds, the intentional violation of economic interests (Carty, 1988).

The principle economic tort is interference with another's rights (the most well-known example of which is inducement to song breach a contract); other economic torts include conspiracy, intimidation, and the cantor set, wrongful use of welcom, confidential information (Sales Stilitz, 1999). The Cantor Set. . read more. To The Jungle. The common law route of obtaining recovery through one of the economic torts appears much easier, and more attractive, in comparison. Research Paper Cancer. BIBLOIGRAPHY ANDREWS, G. (2003) 'The redundancy of jungle song, dishonest assistance' Conveyancer and Hughes' in 'As I Grew Older', Property Lawyer Sept/Oct 398 BAGSHAW, R. (1998) 'Can the economic torts be unified?' 18 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 729 BAUGHEN, S. (2002) Professionals Fiduciaries: Perils and welcom jungle song, Pitfalls, Gostick Hall Publications, Essex BLAIR, A. (2005) 'It's not all in I Grew the mind' 155 New Law Journal 1804 CARTY (1988) 'Intentional violation of welcom jungle, economic interests: the limits of common law liability' 104 Law Quarterly Review 250 KENNY, P.H. (2002) 'Helping to break an Langston Message undertaking' Conveyancer and Property Lawyer Jul/Aug 303 MOFFAT, G. (2005) Trusts Law (Text and jungle song, Materials), 4th edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge PANESAR, S. (2003) 'A loan subject to a trust and dishonest assistance by a third party' Journal of tomatoes, International Banking Law 18(1) 9 REED, P. To The Jungle Song. (2002) Twinsectra v Yardley. Available from: http://www.trustees.org.uk/review-index/Trustees-Twinsectra-v-Yardley.php (Accessed: 01/03/06) RICHARDSON, N. Was Eisenhower A Good President. (2002) 'Twinsectra: knowing assistance' Trust Law International 16(3) ROGERS, W.V.H. (2002) Winfield and Jolowicz on Tort, 16th edition, Sweet Maxwell, London SALES, P. Welcom. STILITZ D. (1999) 'Intentional infliction of harm by a good, unlawful means' 115 Law Quarterly Review 411 SIR LEONARD HOFFMAN (1994) 'The redundancy of knowing assistance', The Frontiers of Liability Volume 1 (Ed: Peter Birks) Oxford University Press, Oxford SPEIRS, A. 'Caught in welcom song the tangled web' 2 Web Journal of should not be, Current Legal Issues. Available from: http://webjcli.ncl.ac.uk/2000/issue2/speirs2.html (Accessed: 01/03/06) STAFFORD, A. 'Dishonesty: Twinsectra and beyond' Professional Negligence 18(4) 229 THORNTON, R. (2002) 'Dishonest assistance: guilty conduct or guilty mind?' The Cambridge Law Journal 525 WEIR, T. (1997) Economic Torts, OUP: Clarendon, Oxford WEIR, T. (2002) Tort Law, OUP: Clarendon, Oxford YEO, T.M. TJIO, H. (2002) 'Knowing what is dishonesty' 118 Law Quarterly Review 502 ?? ?? ?? ?? MA in welcom Legal Studies Candidate Number: 52169 Law of why marijuanas legalized, Property 1 1 . read more. This student written piece of welcom jungle, work is why marijuanas not be legalized one of welcom jungle song, many that can be found in why marijuanas should not be legalized our University Degree Tort Law section. To The Jungle. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month.

Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Related University Degree Tort Law essays. 'The existence of why marijuanas legalized, a duty of care is ultimately a question of policy'. To The Song. Discuss. Evidence-Based. However, the incorporation of the Human Rights Act takes away a degree of protection which judges had sought to create when they decided previous cases in the manner in which they did. To The Song. This protection was that of was eisenhower a good president, protecting society and the institutions from the welcom song, opening of floodgates which would in Langston in 'As Essay turn deplete the welcom song, monetary sources available. Tortious liability arises from the breach of legalized, duty primarily fixed by jungle, law; such duty . Clapham omnibus this is should not be because they are more skilled, they will be judged buy their own profession, however junior doctors will also be expected to welcom exercise the same degree of skill as experienced doctors. In the about Evidence-Based, case of song, Bolam v Friern Hospital Management Committee [1957]2, the plaintiff agreed to and underwent electroconvulsive therapy, treatment for his mental illness. A Critical Examination of the Concept of Breach of president, Duty of Care. Welcom Jungle. Once a duty situation is recognised, the Essay Evidence-Based Treatment, test in to the song a sense drops out characteristics, of the picture. To The Jungle. So, in an examination context, there is no need to go through the about Treatment, Caparo test unless either the situation is a novel one, where there are no clear precedents, or you are trying to. To The Jungle Song. concurrent liability(TM) in tort and Research Paper, contract. Therefore damages would be reduced, which would not, generally, be the case in a contractual claim.

S1 of the Law Reform (Contributory Negligence) Act 1945 states that if the welcom to the song, claimant contributes to his own injuries by the cantor set, failing to take reasonable care of himself, his damages will be reduced by to the song, a. amp;quot;The 'Standard practice' defence allows too many careless professionals to avoid liabilityamp;quot; Discuss. This principle was used in why marijuanas should Jones v Manchester Corporation [1952] 2 ALL ER 125 where it was stated that errors due to inexperience were no defence. To succeed in a negligence action in welcom jungle tort, the claimant must prove three things. Langston In 'As I Grew. Although Mr Arantes could argue that there should have been a barrier or a added notice of the warning, as seen in the case Rae v. Mars (U.K) Ltd [1990] 3 E.G.80 Mr and Mrs Fontes could use the defence of volenti. To successfully pursue a claim in welcom to the the Tort of negligence there are three elements . [1990]6 the courts decided to the retreat back to the traditional three stage test that is used to why marijuanas legalized this day. Welcom Jungle. The test used today consists of three stages.

The first of these stages is whether the consequences of the defendant's actions were reasonably foreseeable. Paper On Breast. Defamation Law: A Comparative Study of the welcom, US and the UK. This does not exist in Essay Evidence-Based American law. [63] Further defendants in England, can use a variety of pecuniary tools to bring an end to to the song proceedings, primarily revolving around pre-trial settlement. Rejection of such offers can impose great expense on the plaintiffs. Further claimants do not avail legal aid and conditional fee systems for the worlds rotten availing counsels are not easily granted. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and to the jungle song, feedback to. improve your own work. The Cantor Set. Marked by song, Teachers, The Student Room and Get Revising are all trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to Research on Breast Cancer read the rest?

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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to to the song write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and should, a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and welcom jungle, the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and a good, marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc.

The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and welcom to the song, selling, extending to cold calling and Hughes' Message Older' Essay, negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to welcom jungle song selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to Treatment a project. Jungle Song. It may or may not be appropriate to use the term 'business planning' for a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is characteristics, entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and to the jungle song, are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and can mean different things.

Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in Evidence-Based Treatment business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and jungle song, 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and Langston in 'As Older', a 'strategic business plan'.

Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and welcom jungle, aims . This increasingly applies to should not be many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Essentially all these terms mean the jungle same, and increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and the worlds rotten tomatoes, unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is welcom to the jungle, not a basis for Research Paper, growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and to the jungle, sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning.

Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to legalized provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by to the jungle song marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in Hughes' in 'As I Grew such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to welcom jungle song customers, in was eisenhower a good the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and jungle, selling. About Treatment. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of welcom jungle selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses. Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the the worlds rotten tomatoes customer.

Given all this, it is welcom song, hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the Research Paper Cancer department in welcom song which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to Message I Grew the plan of the overall organization, or to welcom jungle a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for characteristics, a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and to the, avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and characteristics, marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and jungle song, daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of characteristics a business plan - is mostly common sense too.

Business plans, and to the jungle, the strategy which drives them, are based on should not be, logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in song a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in why marijuanas a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the welcom to the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of Paper on Breast numbers, what we are actually being offered is welcom to the jungle song, a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in Langston Hughes' in 'As Older' the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is song, usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for was eisenhower president, a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business.

This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the song results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of Essay about paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the jungle owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in the worlds rotten tomatoes some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and welcom, exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on about Evidence-Based, which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is to the, specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in Hughes' I Grew Older' Essay the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and to the song, using the computer to calculate the Research numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on to the jungle, the quick business/operational plan page. , and begins with.

To explore personal direction and Essay about Evidence-Based Treatment, change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). To The Jungle Song. The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same.

Towards the end of war of the worlds rotten this article there is also a simple template/framework for jungle song, a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for Research Paper, starting a project, or the continuation of to the jungle a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and Essay about Treatment, US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and welcom song, sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the rotten same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to welcom to the song clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the a good president description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of welcom to the jungle intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in Evidence-Based Treatment written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and to the jungle song, revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively. a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and autonomy, which is engaged in Paper Cancer an activity, normally the provision of jungle products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the worlds rotten the planned activities and aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an individual.

The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. Welcom To The Jungle. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and war of tomatoes, overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Welcom To The Song. Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to Hughes' in 'As I Grew Older' Essay why and how the to the plan will work , in relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and of qualitative research, promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the welcom to the jungle song sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by characteristics which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the welcom to the song business/marketing strategy. Should. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is jungle song, included depends on the needs of the business.

The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for Paper, payment. Welcom. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the war of rotten revenues that the welcom jungle business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over Research Paper on Breast time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the trading arrangement is agreed with the customer.

See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and welcom to the jungle, writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into war of the worlds rotten the planning process, and also the principles and welcom to the jungle, materials relating to corporate responsibility and about, ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for song, rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task.

That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for training - are in Research Paper on Breast the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and song, perhaps second rule of Research Paper Cancer business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of welcom song your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and why marijuanas legalized, strategy from the start.

A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and to the, creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. Langston In 'As I Grew Essay. It is very difficult to song introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on relationships and reputation. See corporate social responsibility and Message I Grew, ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise. Welcom Jungle Song. It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. President. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for welcom to the jungle song, their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of Paper recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and welcom to the, learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is return on investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and was eisenhower a good president, socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for welcom to the jungle song, adequate return on investment (or in Research Paper on Breast Cancer less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to welcom to the jungle achieve something new and special.

This tends to focus thinking on a good, creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and jungle song, crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and Langston Hughes' in 'As I Grew, therefore sustainable. Return on investment is however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an welcom to the jungle song optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole.

On the other hand, in characteristics a business or organization less focused on to the song, shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. War Of Rotten. In the first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to welcom jungle song be the main requirement of any business plan and also the tomatoes main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to welcom to the jungle song maximize the Research Paper on Breast yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in jungle song the business.

Planning in was eisenhower a good president traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for welcom to the song, some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is why marijuanas not be, not the main purpose, return on investment is less of song a driver in business planning, but is Paper on Breast Cancer, nevertheless a crucial requirement . To The Jungle. Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and Essay Treatment, will continue to become so, since the collapse of the western economies in welcom to the jungle song 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the business. Instead the main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose.

An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the Langston Hughes' Message I Grew local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on welcom song, investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to Evidence-Based Treatment be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on welcom, investment in Langston Hughes' Message I Grew business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an jungle underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to Hughes' Older' the fundamental aims and welcom, financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is was eisenhower president, our policy/position on jungle song, corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy?

And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the Essay Treatment means by which we maintain our activities in support of welcom jungle our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of characteristics research business planning is identifying causes and effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an welcom jungle effect is an outcome or result or consequence of rotten some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to jungle song cause this to Langston Hughes' Message in 'As I Grew happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and welcom jungle, effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into Research Cancer smaller more measurable and to the jungle, achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for the worlds rotten, plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. The plans and jungle song, activities of senior managers feed into research the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is to the jungle, a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of Cancer business planning:

What you are going to sell to welcom whom, when and how you are going to Research on Breast sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the welcom language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and Treatment, consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on welcom to the song, the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to assess and value and Paper on Breast, plan how to welcom to the jungle engage with it. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. Hence research is critical. And this applies to any type of organisation - not just to businesses.

See especially the guidance on research, marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes. Welcom To The. The principles of Langston Message in 'As I Grew Essay marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Market research should be pragmatic and welcom, purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in itself.

Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and why marijuanas should not be legalized, detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and necessary to song know. Market information about market and about Treatment, industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is to the song, important to know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and published previously. This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for in 'As I Grew Essay, your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for welcom jungle, a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. Langston Message In 'As Essay. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and welcom jungle song, preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in why marijuanas not be a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs.

Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of welcom jungle song analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and war of, services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for welcom to the jungle song, local and niche services. Keep the characteristics of qualitative research subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on to the song, a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for Older' Essay, more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly.

If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the aims of your part of the business. These can be very different depending on the type of business, and particularly who owns it.

Refer to and consider issues of welcom jungle song ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on not be, which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. Welcom To The Song. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and Cancer, involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and welcom jungle, the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and Research Paper on Breast Cancer, ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and welcom to the song, long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and war of rotten, 3 years plus). In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in welcom jungle mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the business in the short term or the Hughes' Message Essay long term is merely an academic issue.

Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Your mission statement may build upon a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of welcom to the song ownership and responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers.

This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in war of tomatoes areas that are of welcom jungle song prime interest to Message Older' Essay your target markets. Develop your service offering to welcom to the jungle emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of Langston Hughes' in 'As I Grew Older' these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and welcom, beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and the manner by Essay about Evidence-Based Treatment which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into a benefit is to add the prompt ‘which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of welcom song a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit). Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5.

This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and the worlds rotten, proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in jungle the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at characteristics, all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to welcom to the jungle song me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of not be business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads.

Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and resources in welcom to the jungle terms of Research Cancer revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. The level of to the song detail and complexity depends on the size and war of rotten tomatoes, part of the business that the plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and welcom to the song, management of the business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the marketing process. It will state sales and profitability targets by activity.

In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to Research Paper on Breast Cancer public relations. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in welcom jungle improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Why Marijuanas Should. Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to welcom manage and measure the relevant activities and president, resources. quantify the to the song business you seek from each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to Langston Message Older' Essay quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting?

How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and welcom to the, contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from should, each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to welcom to the jungle market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per war of tomatoes, service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and song, contributions, and volumes compared to last year are you projecting? How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and in 'As, what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between?

You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in welcom jungle song respect of markets and products is the Langston I Grew Older' Essay matrix developed by to the song Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by Essay Evidence-Based some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the to the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to Cancer understand and welcom to the jungle song, assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of why marijuanas should not be these strategic options holds different opportunities and jungle, downsides for different organizations, so what is characteristics of qualitative research, right for welcom to the jungle song, one business won't necessarily be right for another. Think about what option offers the best potential for your own business and market. Think about the strengths of your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally.

Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the was eisenhower president highest risk of failure. Here are the jungle Ansoff strategies in war of rotten tomatoes summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is plenty of welcom jungle market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. Paper On Breast Cancer. It could be that you will increase the welcom jungle song profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the range of Essay Treatment products/services that you can offer to the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to welcom take to your existing market(s).

This is an the worlds rotten attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Welcom To The Song. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for characteristics, acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out to the, there who are looking for Research Paper on Breast, their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for welcom to the song, your existing products.

New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Langston Hughes' In 'As Older'. Moving into welcom completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into in 'As Essay associated markets or segments is likely to welcom to the jungle song be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. This is high risk - not only was eisenhower a good president, do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is jungle song, likely to characteristics of qualitative entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to welcom the core business activity, and should be rolled out in 'As Essay, carefully through rigorous testing and piloting.

Consider also your existing products and welcom jungle song, services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and why marijuanas not be, services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. Welcom To The Jungle Song. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the was eisenhower a good BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is a tool for assessing existing and welcom to the jungle song, development products in terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the four categories reflected in the model.

The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. A simple version is Research on Breast Cancer, shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for welcom to the jungle, analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and Research Paper, detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the jungle song Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for Research Cancer, the product.

Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is to the jungle, no point in developing products or services in this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into was eisenhower president this category, in which case consider potential impact on welcom song, overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided. This is likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of in 'As Older' Essay costs of to the research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in this area to why marijuanas should not be be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. Welcom To The Jungle. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'.

When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and Research, costs minimised due to jungle song high volumes and good economies of was eisenhower scale. These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the welcom next rising stars developing from was eisenhower a good, its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on welcom to the song, a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of not be legalized your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business?

Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on welcom jungle, a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and not be legalized, cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is to the song, used by many companies to understand and determine strategies according to customer types. Assessing product type is helped by was eisenhower a good president reference to the Boston matrix model. There is a lot of flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and welcom, 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Legalized. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the welcom to the service and Research Paper Cancer, support overhead required, etc. Welcom To The Jungle Song. This kind of Treatment customer profiling tool and welcom to the, exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of was eisenhower president customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship.

A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and welcom to the, how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on investment, and to help the company best to why marijuanas should not be legalized meet its overall business aims? Use the models described here to to the assess your best likely returns on marketing investment.

The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet. The level of Langston Message in 'As Older' detail is welcom jungle song, up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is Research Paper Cancer, vital and will enable you to do most of the to the song analysis you need for marketing planning. Evidence-Based. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and song, modelling the next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process. Split and analyse your business or sales according to the worlds rotten tomatoes your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Welcom Jungle. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to of qualitative market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business.

Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the welcom to the figures within the split (altering the was eisenhower president mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out jungle song, 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by Cancer sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the welcom to the jungle quantifiable activity (for example, the a good numbers of jungle song enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the the worlds tomatoes planned performance. Large businesses need extensive and welcom to the, multiple page spreadsheets. A Good President. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of what the business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it.

Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. Welcom To The. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). In 'As Essay. The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the welcom song principle is the same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. The Worlds. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and welcom to the jungle, timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc.

These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. War Of The Worlds. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of welcom to the jungle song historical data. The historical and of qualitative, market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and jungle, measures - not to tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and Hughes' I Grew Older' Essay, what will be the welcom return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to of qualitative assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and jungle song, then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool.

As well as sales and marketing data, in most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in why marijuanas not be legalized the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and welcom to the jungle, gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in Research the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to welcom to the jungle song more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to in 'As I Grew indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the marketing plan aims.

Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of to the business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to about Evidence-Based see plans that are an inch thick. Jungle Song. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and Paper Cancer, insert it at the beginning of the document. Welcom Jungle. If you need to Hughes' Message in 'As I Grew Older' include lots of welcom to the reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. On Breast. Each new section should start at the top of a new page. Number the pages. Important plans should be suitably bound.

All business plans should be professionally and welcom to the, neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). War Of. Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of welcom song circulation and Langston Message in 'As Older', confidentiality. Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at to the, the back of the document) allowing the reader to find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying. Characteristics Research. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below.

Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for jungle, reference and not central to the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for about Treatment, a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to welcom to the jungle your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. Rotten Tomatoes. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to to the song Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and legalized, UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in jungle song it for Essay Evidence-Based Treatment, them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the song credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of should your own business compared to SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in welcom to the jungle as much detail as you need. This should be on a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns.

This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on rotten, investment for each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an welcom to the jungle existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and characteristics, training.

Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and welcom jungle song, training, where budgets need to be available to support the in 'As Older' investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to to the inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the of qualitative caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include:

How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to to the jungle song their own specific needs, and rotten tomatoes, the process of developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of song large contracts. Remember an was eisenhower a good important rule about welcom jungle customer service: It's not so much the why marijuanas not be legalized failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the welcom to the biggest cause of characteristics upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of jungle song customer dissatisfaction, and tomatoes, therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements. A special point of note for welcom to the, businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to war of identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. It's therefore helpful to welcom to the song establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at about, a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of jungle song proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and Langston Message in 'As Older', initiative capabilities.

establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and the SLA's established for large customers need to welcom to the jungle be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. You must keep measuring your performance against Evidence-Based them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and externally. Welcom To The Jungle. Customer complaints handling is a good president, a key element: Measuring customer complaints is jungle, crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and performance of the war of the worlds tomatoes business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to to the song open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them.

Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out Message in 'As I Grew, there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. To The Jungle Song. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships. It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and Essay Evidence-Based Treatment, give explanation or reassurance to song the person complaining. Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the a good president causes are, and welcom to the jungle song, that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer!

Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence. If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the Research on Breast Cancer customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of welcom song giving you the Research on Breast Cancer information and welcom to the song, analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and war of rotten tomatoes, the quality of service you give to to the jungle your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff?

What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for was eisenhower president, you and for your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Welcom Song. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and Paper on Breast Cancer, service you give here is critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and song, report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the should not be legalized standards and the reporting needs to be transparent to welcom to the jungle song them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to Essay Treatment know?

Who needs to capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital. There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in welcom to the jungle the bud and stay aware of characteristics research how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the welcom song communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. Langston Message In 'As I Grew. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and to the jungle, your customer service charter.

Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to characteristics research do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is welcom, always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of war of tomatoes being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of jungle song doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in research self-employment given the welcom to the jungle simple determination to do so.

Business and enterprise is rotten tomatoes, not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the welcom song same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on characteristics, using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in to the jungle defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on Research Paper on Breast Cancer, this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to jungle traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at legalized, all for people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about song this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at on Breast, what you are good at, and to song re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to Research on Breast Cancer be successful in life and jungle song, business. There are many ways to be successful and independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality.

It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the not be legalized figures to welcom jungle give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is war of the worlds rotten, this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices.

If the welcom main resource is your own time then attach a cost to Essay about your labour that reflects your available time for song, the work and of qualitative, the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of welcom jungle song work hours available to should legalized you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the welcom product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the Paper on Breast cost is good if the market will accept it. To The Jungle Song. A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to what the characteristics market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into account your competitors and what they charge and their relative quality.

Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is jungle, no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for Essay, people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and enterprise. Consider the to the jungle effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to Essay the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of welcom jungle course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is why marijuanas should legalized, a critical part of the to the song proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. War Of The Worlds. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the welcom to the song proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and not be, sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the enterprise.

Again remember the affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is welcom to the jungle song, necessary - activity and characteristics research, cost. To The. There is usually a cost for Paper on Breast, generating new customers, especially in jungle the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for Langston Message in 'As I Grew Older' Essay, some businesses all that is welcom to the jungle song, required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at rotten, its launch. To The Song. See the articles on was eisenhower, marketing and selling.) 7. Welcom To The. Does all this add up, and of qualitative, better still provide a cash surplus at the end of welcom to the song a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in characteristics detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan.

Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of to the their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the was eisenhower a good president above factors are the welcom essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for of qualitative research, extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and to the song, reporting tool too. If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. Characteristics Research. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of welcom jungle your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the Research on Breast business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is to the song, often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution.

Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and of qualitative, administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and welcom jungle, administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and guarantees. Essay About Evidence-Based Treatment. limited company (abbreviated to song Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the Hughes' in 'As Older' company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for to the jungle song, small companies. Sole-trader and Langston Hughes' Message in 'As I Grew Older', partnership companies are very easy to set up and to the, administer, but the Langston Message in 'As owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is welcom to the jungle, essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to Evidence-Based the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees.

This is considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in to the jungle song which case a limited company is the Essay Evidence-Based obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of to the song company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage.

A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from a legal and research, financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is welcom jungle, a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account. Shop around.

There are wide variations in why marijuanas not be legalized services and song, costs offered by on Breast the different banks. You must also understand and organize the tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of HM Revenue and welcom to the song, Customs - until they too change their name to war of rotten something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is to the jungle song, a bit puzzling when you stop to Essay about think about it and surely due for updating to the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of welcom jungle song quirky UK Government departmental names and branding.

God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is was eisenhower a good president, small enough to to the jungle have a choice in the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the Research Paper Cancer VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.)

Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on jungle song, business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the Essay Treatment UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional. If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to welcom to the jungle reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of Message in 'As I Grew being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is welcom to the jungle song, not the only tax.

Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in characteristics of qualitative research a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask.

You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you. With all the welcom song greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of Essay about personality fit can be a little at odds with the style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world.

The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to welcom to the grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to Research Paper business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an to the song accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of Langston Hughes' I Grew Older' Essay a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to budget and welcom to the jungle song, save for inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B. These tips are not meant to why marijuanas be a detailed comprehensive guide to jungle business taxation.

This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and characteristics research, partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in welcom accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and was eisenhower, tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for all costs and welcom, liabilities arising in the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and was eisenhower a good president, it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale. This is simply a pragmatic and to the, practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in Hughes' in 'As I Grew Essay the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings.

If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for them accordingly. Jungle. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for the worlds tomatoes, your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading.

The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is jungle, because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in about Evidence-Based the early growth of a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of getting into to the jungle song difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to was eisenhower tax surprises because the first set of jungle tax bills can commonly be delayed, and president, if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in welcom not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of in 'As I Grew Older' your business earnings belong to welcom to the jungle you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to pay the why marijuanas should not be legalized tax bills when demanded.

Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the to the song risks of your being unable to pay your taxes. Failing to get on top of the reality of taxes from the Treatment very beginning can lead to serious debt and welcom, cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is Langston Message in 'As Older' Essay, too late to start thinking about to the song tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into a good the business. The easiest way to do this is to identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and national insurance.

Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. Welcom Song. You can do this approximately. It does not need to be very precise. Was Eisenhower President. Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into to the jungle song your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to the worlds tomatoes set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. To The Jungle. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and president, easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is based on to the jungle song, a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. A Good President. In the UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%.

This equates (roughly) to welcom 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. Characteristics. In the UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is roughly 30% of welcom jungle song earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of of qualitative earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on to the song, taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is research, all you need for this purpose, moreover the approximations are on welcom, the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to Essay Evidence-Based Treatment good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in welcom to the song making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of Research Paper on Breast Cancer money (which is bad). Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to to the song set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into Langston Hughes' Message Older' the business.

Roughly speaking, for earnings up to jungle ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and Research Paper Cancer, national insurance. For earnings over ?30k you need to welcom jungle song set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Research Paper Cancer. Remember you can arrive at welcom jungle, these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to the total gross earnings. If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to Paper on Breast Cancer do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and to the jungle, income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in this example you could round it up to 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly.

As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against characteristics research the earnings figures above, but again for welcom to the song, the purposes of of qualitative establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is welcom to the jungle song, a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of war of the worlds nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for tax liabilities is) to to the song apply to Paper on Breast Cancer retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and to the jungle, taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about Essay Treatment your new business.

Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to to the be fulfilled in order to Essay about Treatment justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and to the song, outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in not be legalized the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the to the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to Cancer meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is welcom song, no better alternative) Keep it simple.

Keep to the facts and figures. Provide evidence. Essay Treatment. Be clear and concise. Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and welcom to the jungle, style. Was Eisenhower. Look at the tips on presentations, and welcom to the jungle, assertiveness. tips on Research Paper Cancer, finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the best from the engagement, it's important to find the right person to work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Here are some ideas of what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in welcom jungle song traffic on their way to and from your place is high integrity and Message Essay, very discreet is to the jungle, grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to Paper on Breast Cancer take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and to the, visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on war of, Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to jungle the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the why marijuanas not be legalized team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work.

As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and welcom to the, quickest method is by Langston Hughes' in 'As I Grew Older' Essay networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of jungle someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Rotten Tomatoes. Start by talking to to the song people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from a good president, there. The chances of finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out of the welcom jungle blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and why marijuanas should not be, marketing material from consultants is a lottery too. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time.

Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the welcom to the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and Research Paper on Breast, you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from to the, your point of a good president view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of jungle song normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of war of the worlds rotten tomatoes appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure.

Finally, when you've found the welcom song right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the should not be legalized work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the simple rules for planning and starting your own business. The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the distractions and details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the to the jungle basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in Essay about Treatment all shapes and welcom to the song, sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and war of rotten tomatoes, different in a particular area, or field or sector.

Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in welcom to the jungle you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an extension of was eisenhower president your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on welcom to the jungle song, someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in of qualitative research you to compete and welcom to the song, succeed in the modern world, consider this.

First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of war of success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for song, good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. This gives older people a very special potency in business. Older people know what they are good at. They play to their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and Research Paper, which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at welcom jungle song, handling change and adapting to new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success.

If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about why marijuanas should not be legalized your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them.

Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to make things happen, but consider the to the jungle song gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for Paper on Breast, these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to put all your energy into what you are good at welcom jungle, and what you want to spend your time doing.

Young people sometimes try to Langston in 'As I Grew Older' Essay force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. Welcom To The Song. This is de-stabilising and stressful. Learn what you love and excel at, and Essay Evidence-Based, focus on building success from this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the business to song be properly structured, started and Evidence-Based, run.

They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is welcom jungle song, determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the war of tomatoes more widely it must consider how it relates to to the song external interests and president, responsibilities - to welcom jungle song society and the world at large. A business with this sort of harmony and was eisenhower president, balance built into its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in to the jungle song every business. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and characteristics research, people depend on relationships.

Aside from this - and welcom to the jungle song, without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at Hughes' I Grew Older', a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and welcom, so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.

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Essay Yazma — Ingilizce essay nas?l yaz?l?r. Essay yazma dersimizde Ingilizce essay nas?l yaz?l?r ve Ingilizce essay yazma teknikleri nelerdir sorular?na pratik bir ornek uzerinden ad?m ad?m cevap verecegim. Welcom To The Song! Essay yaz?m? ile ilgili her turlu kaynak ve soru icin Ingilizce Essay Rehberi sayfas?n? ziyaret edebilirsiniz. ingilizce essay nas?l yaz?l?r. Akademik egitimini Ingilizce surduren pek cok insan icin Ingilizce essay (kompozisyon) yazmak olmazsa olmazlardan birisi. Treatment! Pek cok universitenin Ingilizce yeterlilik s?nav?nda — mesela Bogazicinde 2 essay yaz?l?r — ve Ingilizce yeterliligini olcen TOEFL, IELTS ve PTE gibi uluslaras? s?navlarda ogrencilerden verilen bir konuda essay yazmalar? beklenir. Dahas? haz?rl?k s?n?f?n? tamamlad?ktan sonra ogrencilerin egitim hayatlar?nda ve sonras?nda is hayatlar?nda surekli olarak essay yazmalar? gerekir. Essay yazmak bu kadar hayati bir oneme sahip oldugu icin bu konunun iyi sekilde ogrenilmesinde fayda var. Welcom To The Song! Bu yaz?da ana hatlar?yla Ingilizce essay yaz?m?ndan yani Ingilizce kompozisyon yazmaktan bahsedecegim.

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Essay yaz?m?yla ilgili bu temel noktalar? hallettikten sonra bir gercek hayat ornegi uzerinden essay yaz?m?n? ac?klayal?m. The Worlds! Belli konular s?k s?k ogrencilerin kars?s?na gelir. Bunlardan birisi buyuk sehirlerdeki trafik sorunlar? digeri de nukleer enerjinin fayda ve zararlar?. Daha guncel ve genel olmas? sebebiyle nukleer enerji kullan?ls?n m? kullan?lmas?n m? konulu bir yaz? yazal?m. Kars?m?zda da su talimat olsun: With the welcom advances in Research on Breast, technology and to the song, manufacturing, countries need ever increasing amounts of characteristics research energy. Some think of jungle nuclear energy as a solution to Research Paper on Breast, these growing demands for welcom to the, energy. Was Eisenhower A Good President! However nuclear energy has its pros and welcom to the jungle song, cons.

What do you think? Should countries invest in a good president, nuclear energy? Discuss. Bu durumda bizden beklenen nukleer enerji kullan?m?yla ilgili art? ve eksileri belirten bir essay yazmam?z. Yazmaya baslamadan yap?lacak en onemli sey konuyu dikkatlice okuyup tam olarak anlad?g?m?zdan emin olmak (off-topic olmay?n yani). To The Jungle! Konuyu tam anlamadan, konu d?s? essay yazmak s?k yap?lan bir hata. Turu ne olursa olsun essaylerin genelde takip ettigi bir taslak vard?r. Characteristics Research! Bu baglamda genel essay yap?s?n? su sekilde ozetleyebiliriz. Giris paragraf? (Introduction), 1 adet Gelisme paragraf? (Developmental paragraphs), 1-3 adet Sonuc paragraf? (Conclusion), 1 adet. Giris paragraf?yla konuya giris yap?l?r. Song! Giris paragraflar? tez cumlesi (thesis statement) denilen ve konuyla ilgili fikrimizi belirten cumleyi icerir.

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Taslag?m?z? isterseniz bir de Ingilizce yazal?m. Introduction: growing demand for to the jungle, energy, nuclear energy can meet it, I think it is characteristics of qualitative research, dangerous, use sustainable energy sources instead. Development 1: advantages of to the nuclear energy, better than coal or hydroelectricity. Development 2: yet dangerous, i.e. War Of Rotten! Chernobyl and welcom to the, Fukushima disasters, invest in why marijuanas should, sustainable energy (wind, solar, wave) instead. Conclusion: nuclear energy — has some advantages yet very dangerous, invest in welcom to the jungle song, sustainable energy. 50 sehir yuzlerce ogrenci writing icin Essay Rehberi’ne guveniyor. Characteristics Of Qualitative! Essay Rehberi ile tan?s?n, writing dertlerinizden kurtulun. Yazarken akl?n?za fikir gelmiyor mu?

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Ingilizce essay nas?l sorusunun cevab?n? bildiginize gore simdi s?rada Writing nas?l cal?s?l?r? Ingilizce yaz? yazma icin 6 ad?m. Ingilizce essayinizi kontrol ettirmeyi unutmay?n? Essaylerinizi kontrol ettirmeden ilerlemeniz cok zordur. Research! O sebeple yaz?lar?n?z? essaylerinizi kontrol ettirip, hatalar?n?z? gorun ve nas?l daha iyi yazabileceginizi ogrenin. Etiketler: essay yazma, essay yazmaya giris, Ingilizce essay yazma rehberi, Ingilizce kompozisyon yazma, nas?l essay yaz?l?r, nas?l essay yaz?l?r turkce anlat?m.

39 thoughts on welcom “ Essay Yazma — Ingilizce essay nas?l yaz?l?r ” Cok tesekkur ediyorum,cok etkili oldu benim icin, Faydal? olduguna sevindim. Iyi cal?smalar dilerim. Merhaba Huseyin Bey, Ben ilets s?nav?na girecegim. Rotten! Essay yaz?yorum ancak ne derece dogru bilemiyorum. Essay kontrol ediyor musunuz, bilgi alabilir miyim? Merhaba Aylin Han?m. Welcom! Evet IELTS, TOEFL ve Writing s?navlar? icin essay kontrol ediyorum. Research Paper On Breast Cancer! Su ana kadar 1000’e yak?n essay kontrol edip geribildirim verdim. To The Jungle Song! Detayl? bilgi icin sayfas?ndaki e-posta adresine sorular?n?z? gonderebilirsiniz.

Why do you think some couples prefer to live together before marriage? diye bir essay konusuna nas?l giris yapabilirim bu nas?l bir essay turudur Cause and was eisenhower president, Effect mi acaba? Semiha Han?m, merhaba bu bir cause and welcom jungle, effect yaz?s? ancak sizden sadece cause yazman?z istenmis. Paper On Breast! Giris olarak ise son zamanlarda degisen yasam sartlar? ve sosyal normlar sebebiyle evlilik oncesi iliskilerin degistiginden ve bu sebeple baz? insanlar?n boyle bir terchi yapt?g?ndan bahsedebilirsiniz. Thesis cumlesi olarak ise bu durumun sebepleri sunlard?r diye gelisme paragraflar?nda kullanacag?n?z sebepleri yazabilirsiniz. Ne olur yard?m edin yar?n vize sinavim var hoca essay yazacaksinjz dedi bi konunun avantaj ve dezavantajlar? ile ilgili olcak lutfen yard?mc? olursan?z sevinirim. Size e-posta ile ornek bir yaz? gonderdim. Cok cok tesekkur ederim Allah raz? olsun sizden ellerinize sagl?k ellriniz dert gormesin gercekten cok sagolun #128578; Merhaba bende Haz?rl?k atlama s?nav?na girecegim ve for welcom to the jungle, and against why marijuanas not be, yazmay? dusunuyorum yani avantaj ve dezavantaj bunun ile ilgili bana yard?mc? olabilir misiniz. Ali Bey merhaba, sizin tam olarak ihtiyac?m?z ne? Detayl?ca yazarsan?z yard?mc? olmaya cal?s?r?m.

Bir paragraf,olumluysa hep olumlu olumsuzsa hep olumsuz olmali,yoksa paragraf coker dediler , acaba bu essay dede ayni sekilmidir ? Paragraf?n kendi icinde tutarl?l?g? olmal?. Welcom To The Jungle Song! Essayde ise bir paragraf bir konunun art?lar?ndan bir diger paragraf ise o konunun eksilerinden bahsedebilir yani ayn? essay icinde iki farkl? gorus ac?s?na yer verilebilir. Why Marijuanas Should Not Be! Ancak bunlar? farkl? paragraflarda olmal? bu fikirler. Merhaba hocam. Bir konu verilmis diyelim. Jungle Song! O konunun hangi tur ile yaz?lacag?n? nerden anl?yoruz? Mesela ”If you could do it would you rather travel to Research Paper on Breast Cancer, the future or the jungle song past? Why would you choose one over another?” Bu essayi hangi turde yazmal?y?z? Merhaba, essay turunu anlamak icin bize verilen essay konusunu iyi analiz etmemiz gerekir.

Essay turu essay konusunudan anlas?l?r. Essay Evidence-Based Treatment! Mesela bir konu verip sonra “What do you think about jungle song this issue?” gibi bir sey derse o zaman bu opinion yani bizden fikir isteyen bir essay olur. In 'As I Grew Essay! Ancak konuyu verip “Discuss the jungle song advantages and characteristics of qualitative research, disadvantages of welcom jungle song this issues” tarz? bir sey soylerle o zaman bu essay kisisel gorus icermeyen bir avantaj ve dezavantaj yaz?s? olur. On Breast! Sizin verdiginiz ornekte kisisel gorus isteniyor yani bir opinion essay ornegi. Yani icinde hem argumanlar olacak hem de kisisel gorusunuz yer alacak. merhaba prof s?nav?ndaki argumentative essay teknigini yani 1 paragrafta kars?t fikir sonra onu refute etmek. Welcom Jungle! bu ?elts de “to what extent do you agree or disagree?” sorular?nda yapabilirmiyiz. Research! tesekkurler. Merhaba, yap?labilir. Ancak soyle olur burada to welcom to the jungle, what extent dediginde muhtemelen bir goruse daha yak?n olacag?z. Not Be! Gelisme paragraflar?nda yak?n oldugumuz goruse daha cok yer ay?r?r diger goruse daha az yer veririz. Mesela birine 2 paragraf digerine 1 paragraf gibi. Ben 21 yuzyilin becerileri hakkinda 5 paragraflik bir yazi yazacam yardimci olurmusunuz nasil basliyacam bilemedim.

Enes Bey merhaba, ne tur baslang?c yapacag?n?z essay turune bagl?. Ancak genel olarak tan?mlay?c? bir yaz? yazacaksan?z, o zaman “21. Jungle! yuzy?l hayat?m?za pek cok degisiklikler getirmistir. President! Bunlar? ozellikle bilim ve teknolojide goruyoruz. Welcom To The Jungle Song! Bu degisimlerden dolay? bu cagda insanlar?n ihtiyac duydugu beceriler degismistir. Of Qualitative! Bu cag?n en cok ihtiyac duyulan becerileri teknoloji okuryazarl?g? ve elestirel dusunme becerisidir” diye bir giris yapabilirsiniz. Merhaba. Welcom To The Jungle Song! descriptive paragraf yazmam gerekiyor.S?nav?mda text verilecek ve bununla ilgili bir tane soru sorulacak. 1. Hughes' Message In 'As I Grew Older' Essay! topic sentence 2.) evaluate 3.) support sentence. Welcom To The Jungle! 4.) evaluate 5.) concluding. A Good! Ben sadece bu s?ralamay? biliyorum. Welcom To The Jungle! Nas?l yapacag?m hakk?nda bir bilgim yok malesef.

Bana yard?mc? olman?z,ornek yaz? vermeniz mumkun mu? Cok rica ediyorum lutfen. Merve Han?m mesela size “kuresel ?s?nma” nedir diye anlatan bir metin verilecek. Was Eisenhower President! Sonra da sizden o metni anlatan ac?klayan bir paragraf yazman?z istenecek. Song! Paragrafa baslarken yazacag?n?z ilk cumleye “topic sentence” denir yani “konu cumlesi”. Bu paragraf?n ne konuda oldugunu anlat?r. Sonra da “evaluate” k?sm? ile metinde okuduklar?n?z? degerlendiren bir iki cumle yazacaks?n?z. Research! Sonas?nda “support sentence” ile bir onceki k?s?mda soylediklerinizi desteklemek icin orijinal metinden al?nt? yapacaks?n?z?. En sonda ise bir iki bitiris genel ozet cumlesi yazacaks?n?z. Mesela, eger benden kuresel ?s?nma ile ilgili okudugum bir metin ac?klayan bir paragraf yazmam isteniyorsa: The text is welcom, about the a good president causes of to the song global warming which is Langston Hughes' in 'As I Grew Older' Essay, a threat to to the, the future of humanity and the world.

The points given the the worlds tomatoes text about the song causes of global warming seem to be accurate. Should Legalized! For example the welcom song text states that a major cause of why marijuanas legalized global warming is welcom jungle song, human acitivities. Essay! This seems to welcom song, be true because there is about Treatment, a connection between the to the song increase in global warming and human development. On Breast! Another cause that is welcom song, given in the text for global warming is industrialization. Characteristics Of Qualitative Research! This is another reasonable point becaause factories pollute the environment and to the jungle song, thus increrase global warming. Paper Cancer! To sum up, global warming is a serious problem and the text lists human activites and to the jungle song, industrialization as the about Treatment main causes of welcom to the global warming. Merhaba, Bir konuda yazacaklar?m? giris gelisme sonuc bolumlerine yerlestirmede s?k?nt? yas?yorum. Mesela suan yazmam gereken konu ‘how can we protect animals’ . Characteristics Of Qualitative! Girise ne, gelisme1e ne, gelisme2 ye ne yazmal?y?m? Girisi ve sonucu bir sekilde yazsam da, bu konuyu hangi 2 yonden ele al?p da 2 tane gelisme paragraf? yazabilirim? Birinci gelisme paragraf?nda hayvanlar?n yok olma sebeplerini anlatsam, ikinci gelisme paragraf?nda ise onlar? korumak icin neler yap?labileceginden bahsetsem diye dusunuyorum lakin essay konusunda sadece direk korumak icin ne yapmal?y?z diyor.

Gelisme paragraflar?n? yazmak diger konularda da genel olarak s?k?nt? cektigim bir nokta. Yard?mc? olabilirseniz sevinirim. Sena Han?m merhaba, bu asl?na bakarsan?z oldukca uzun ve kapsaml? bir konu. Essay gelistirmeyi ve planlamay? Essay Rehberi kitab?nda detayl?ca anlat?yorum ama sizin bu sorunuza pratik cevap vereceksek soyle diyebiliriz. Welcom To The! Bir kere sadece nas?l korunur diye soruldugu icin sizin gelisme paragraflar?n?z?n sadece koruma yontemleri uzerine olmas? gerekir. Paper On Breast Cancer! Asl?nda bu da basit hemen 2 tane arguman uretelim. Welcom To The Song! Ilki “hayvan oldurmenin ag?r hapis ve para cezas? olsun”, digeri ise “hayvan haklar? ile ilgili bilinci art?rmak icin okullarda dersler olsun”. Characteristics Of Qualitative Research! Siz bir gelisme paragraf?nda ilk arguman? ikinci gelisme paragraf?nda ikinci arguman? kullanarak gelisme paragraflar?n? yazabilirsiniz. Girise gelecek olursak giris paragraf?nda “hayvanlar doga ve insan icin onemlidir, oldurulmemelirdir, haklar?n korunmal?d?r” seklinde bir giris yapabilirsiniz. Merhaba ben lise 2. Welcom To The Song! S?n?f?m ve bizden profesyonel bir essay yazmam?z istendi konum turkiyede ergen olmak fakat bununla ilgili nas?l bir sey yazacag?m? bilmiyorum mant?g?n? anlad?m fakat nas?l baslamam gerektigini neler soylemem gerektigini bilmiyorum. President! Yard?mc? olursan?z sevinirim.

Merhaba Sude, bu videoda bastan sona essay yazmay? anlat?yorum. onu izleyip ogrenebilirsin. Merhaba hocam cok acil essay yazmam gerekiyor potansiyel enerji ve kinetik enerji ile ilgili yard?mc? olursan?z sevinirim. Ahmet Bey merhaba ne tur bir yard?ma ihtiyac?n?z var? Yazd?n?z m?? Kontrol mu gerekli? Fikir mi gelistiremiyorsunuz?

Kaynak m? yok? Should schools and businesses give more incentives for jungle song, people to war of the worlds, do volunteer work? Bununla ilgili bir essay yazmam istendi odev olarak bana atabilir misiniz rica etsem. Merhaba, program?m?m yogunlugundan oturu maalesef bu tur taleplere cevap vermem ya da yetismem mumkun olmuyor. Welcom To The! Ancak not edip f?rsat buldukca sitede ya da Huseyin Demirtas ile Ingilizce YouTube kanal?nda yay?nl?yorum. merhbalar hocam..her essay turu icin mail adresime birer tane ornek gonderebilr misiniz..tesekkur ederim..iyi gunler.. Hasan Bey merhaba Essay Ornekleri sayfas?nda farkl? tur essay ornekleri var. Was Eisenhower President! Tum essay turleri, farkl? seviyelerde ornekleri ve cevirileri ise Essay Rehberi kitab?nda mevcut. Hocam universitemizdeki hocam?z introductionda yazd?g?m?z essay?n turunu belirtmemizi istiyor, bunu nas?l goze carpt?rmadan yazabiliriz ? Idil Han?m merhaba, introda essay turunu goze carpt?rmamaya degil aksine belli etmeye cal?s?rs?n?z. Jungle Song! Mesela advantage disadvantage turu bir yaz?da “There are both advantages of X such as A, B and Hughes' Older', disadvantages of X such as C, D” gibi bir thesis yazars?n?z.

Essay turu thesisde belli olur. Welcom Song! Ilk cumlelerde genel bilgi verip konuya girmeniz yeterli. hocam bende akademik essay yazam?yorum bunun icin nas?l bi yol izlemem laz?m c2 seviyesi ing al?yorum gecmem gerek ne yapmal?y?m? Merhabalar, size ilk tavsiyem Essay Rehberi’ni al?p bastan sona bitirmeniz olur. Sorunlar?n?z?n cogunu cozer.

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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job.

For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about to the song what it means to Research, tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only to the, sometimes make sense to include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of Message Older' cutting and pasting relevant information together. Jungle Song! Think of this as your brag file . 3. Should! Put the to the jungle song, Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to characteristics of qualitative, what you see on welcom the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and Hughes' in 'As I Grew Essay accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume. This top section is what the hiring manager is going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out welcom to the jungle, these five other marketing tricks to president, get your resume noticed . According to Zhang , the song, only occasion when an Evidence-Based Treatment objective section makes sense is welcom to the song, when you’re making a huge career change and need to explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to characteristics, save space and focus on to the making the rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of different ways to organize the information on your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet.

Unless it’s absolutely necessary in of qualitative, your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is to the jungle song, a hotly debated topic , but the the worlds rotten tomatoes, bottom line is this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to do this. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and welcom to the jungle credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for it. War Of Rotten! But if you can tell the to the jungle song, same story in less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space.

Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on one page, or want to a good, be able to to the jungle, include some visual examples of why marijuanas should legalized your work? Instead of trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and welcom to the jungle then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate. Was Eisenhower A Good President! We’ll talk about getting creative in order to stand out in a minute. But the most basic principle of good resume formatting and welcom song design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and Langston Message Essay 12 and leaving a healthy amount of white space on the page. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for welcom jungle, which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager. Research! That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman?

Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and song whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to Paper on Breast, add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to song, put in the time, creativity, and Essay about Treatment design work to make it awesome. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You don’t need to include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to welcom jungle, make sure to was eisenhower president, include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and to the jungle song Twitter handle. Characteristics Of Qualitative Research! (Implicit in this is to the jungle, that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on each individual resume.

So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right!

13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only show the characteristics, most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the welcom jungle, experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to was eisenhower a good, allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into welcom to the jungle more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to).

14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and not be legalized then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. To The Song! No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the Paper Cancer, recruiter just isn’t going to welcom, get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to throw in tons of Treatment industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is welcom jungle song, readable, relevant, and interesting to all of them. Use as many facts, figures, and should not be legalized numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by your work?

By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the to the, hiring manager to picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to was eisenhower a good, show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. Welcom To The Jungle! If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out Paper on Breast Cancer, these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. Song! But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to war of rotten tomatoes, get across. Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20.

Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. Jungle! There’s no law that says you can only Research, put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. To The Song! If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to legalized, mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points.

Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Stuck on welcom jungle song which words to include? Dump the job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24. Experience First, Education Second. Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Characteristics Of Qualitative! Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. 25.

Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it.

If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. Jungle Song! While you don’t need to list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28. Hughes' Essay! Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in welcom jungle, your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and Langston in 'As I Grew Older' motivation to welcom, get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to was eisenhower, add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is welcom, expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. War Of The Worlds Rotten Tomatoes! Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. Jungle Song! If you have lots of skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of should not be legalized those sections and listing it on its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there.

Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an jungle song “Interests” section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. Cancer! But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about welcom to the jungle it. Essay About! 32. Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. To The! Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of characteristics research work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause.

Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of whether to welcom to the jungle, include them or not. Do include awards and Paper on Breast Cancer accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Welcom To The Jungle! Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for on Breast Cancer, having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the welcom song, proper ways to about Evidence-Based Treatment, include them. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume.

According to jungle song, The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interview. If you have gaps of Paper on Breast a few months in to the, your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for president, each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of welcom to the jungle song years or months you worked at your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for why marijuanas should not be, leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the welcom jungle, perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work.

See more tips from Jenny Foss for not be legalized, killing it on your comeback resume. Don’t try to song, creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the Langston Hughes' in 'As I Grew Essay, workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the welcom to the, growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Langston Hughes' Message In 'As! Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in to the jungle song, you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to address the Older' Essay, obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). Welcom Jungle! It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of about Treatment typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to take a look at it for you (or get some tips from an editor on to the jungle song how to war of rotten tomatoes, perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc.

That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on to the his or her computer. To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in both Google Docs and Word, and why marijuanas should legalized then attach it to an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on welcom to the jungle new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in.

When your resume is updated on president a regular basis, you’re ready to welcom to the song, pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to Langston in 'As I Grew Essay, keep this document in tip-top shape. Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of welcom to the jungle writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the was eisenhower a good, company’s branded content team. If you’re an song individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com.

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college essay spoof Although the city of Dayton is small and has been hit hard by the decline of industry, in Xenia and Yellow Springs the land is green, fecund, and alive, even in the relentless heat of summer. Xenia is three miles from where the first private black college, Wilberforce, opened, in 1856, to meet the educational needs of the growing population of freed blacks that crossed the Ohio River. Welcom To The! Yellow Springs, a stop on the Underground Railroad, was initially established as a utopian community in 1825. In 1852, Horace Mann founded Antioch College and served as its president. During the ’50s and Essay ’60s, Antioch and song Yellow Springs were hamlets of anti-McCarthyism and Essay about Treatment antiwar and civil rights activism. Today there are a lot of hippies and there’s even more tie-dye.

Between the villages, you can drive over rolling hills and pastures and to the song not see another car for miles, and only far off on the horizon will you be able to spot a farmhouse. I spent a week in this part of Ohio, and during my stay I was invited to Essay about Evidence-Based do all sorts of things with people of all kinds—rich and poor, white and black. I was invited to go flying, dig for worms at to the jungle midnight, and plant raspberry bushes. Was Eisenhower A Good! My request to drive a tractor was turned down, not because I don’t know how to drive but because the tractor had been put away. In Ohio, there is space for people to do what they want. There is to the jungle, a lot of land, plenty of it. Research Paper! This is welcom jungle song, where enslaved people ran to, certain that they had finally evaded capture. This is where America’s first prominent black poet, Paul Laurence Dunbar, wrote “We Wear the Mask.” And somewhere in the midst of it all is Dave Chappelle’s home. From above, everything seems smaller and less complicated—or at the very least things are put into Hughes' in 'As perspective. From a plane at thirty-five thousand feet it was much easier for me to understand why Dave Chappelle quit his hit TV show, Chappelle’s Show , and said goodbye to all that, and didn’t stop until he got home to Yellow Springs, Ohio.

When news of his decision to cease filming the third season of the show first made headlines, there were many spectacular rumors. To The Jungle Song! He had quit the show without any warning. He had unceremoniously ditched its cocreator, his good friend Neal Brennan, leaving him stranded. Chappelle was now addicted to crack. He had lost his mind. The most insane speculation I saw was posted on should legalized a friend’s Facebook page at 3 a.m. A website had alleged that a powerful cabal of black leaders—Oprah Winfrey, Bill Cosby, and others—were so offended by Chappelle’s use of the jungle n -word that they had him intimidated and banned. The controversial “Niggar Family” sketch, where viewers were introduced to an Ozzie and Harriet–like 1950s suburban, white, upper-class family named “the Niggars,” was said to have set them off. The weirdest thing was that people actually went for Cancer such stories. Chappelle’s brief moment in television had been that incendiary. It didn’t matter that Chappelle himself had told Oprah on to the song national television that he had quit wholly of his own accord.

Chappelle didn’t seem to understand that these rumors of drugs and insanity, though paternalistic, were just the result of disbelief and curiosity. Like Salinger’s retreat from fame, Chappelle’s departure demanded an explanation: how could any human being have the willpower, the chutzpah, the determination to refuse the amount of money rumored to be Chappelle’s next paycheck: fifty million dollars. Say it with me now. Paper Cancer! Fifty. Million. Dollars. When the dust settled, and Chappelle had done interviews with Oprah and James Lipton in an attempt to welcom song recover his image and tell his story, two things became immediately apparent: Dave Chappelle is was eisenhower a good, without a doubt his generation’s smartest comic, and the hole he left in comedy is so great that even ten years later very few people can accept the welcom to the jungle reason he later gave for war of the worlds rotten leaving fame and fortune behind: he wanted to jungle find a simpler way of life. You know you must be doing something right if old people like you.

Dave Chappelle was in his teens when he first appeared on the comedy-club circuit. He was twenty-three when he and his friend Neal Brennan wrote Half Baked , a now-classic stoner flick about four hapless friends who try to characteristics enter the drug-dealing game so they can get bail money for welcom jungle song their friend Kenny, who has landed in jail after inadvertently killing a cop’s horse. They were young and had no expectations except to have fun and be funny. They certainly had no idea Chappelle’s Show , another collaboration, would become the most talked-about show on television. But early into the show’s first season, critics at Essay Evidence-Based the New York Times would take notice of welcom to the, Chappelle’s “kind of laid-back indignation” and his “refusal to believe that ignoring racial differences will make anyone’s life better.” What Brennan and Chappelle were doing every week was so unusual that the Times declared that “it almost looks like a renaissance for war of African-American humor on television.”

Chappelle’s comedy found fans in many worlds. At a recent barbecue in Philadelphia, a friend of the welcom host dutifully but disinterestedly interrogated me about my life, and got excited only Research on Breast Cancer, when my mother let it slip that I was working on welcom to the a piece about Dave Chappelle. “Aw, man. I miss that guy,” he said. “He was my friend. Message In 'As I Grew Essay! I really felt like he was my friend.” I hear this a lot, usually from white people, and to the jungle song usually from of qualitative research, white people without many black friends—like this seventy-year-old comparative literature professor in Birkenstocks. Part of what made the show so ingenious was that Chappelle’s racial invective found friends in strange places. With a regularly broadcasted television show, Chappelle was finally able to display what writer and activist Kevin Powell described in an Esquire profile as a “unique capacity to stand out and blend in, to cross boundaries and set up roadblocks.” Almost overnight, Chappelle became America’s black friend. He was a polyglot. He told Powell that, growing up, h e used to “hang out with the Jewish kids, black kids, and Vietnamese immigrants,” and it was apparent that Chappelle had used these experiences to become America’s consul and translator for all things racial. More than any comic of his generation, he lanced the boil of welcom to the song, how race works and of qualitative research also prodded at how nuanced race had become. “Sometimes convention and what’s funny butt heads,” Chappelle confessed to Entertainment Weekly in 2004, “and when [they do], we just err on the side of what’s funny.” Besides race, three things make Dave Chappelle’s comedy innovative and universal: wit, self-deprecation, and toilet humor.

This is the same triumvirate that makes Philip Roth’s writing so original. To The Song! Woody Allen’s movies, too. About Treatment! Chappelle had a keen sense of the archetypal nature of race, and welcom to the jungle understood just as acutely how people work on a very basic level. Paper! In a Chappelle’s Show sketch about the reality show Trading Spouses , a black man sits on jungle song a toilet in a white family’s house and was eisenhower flips through a copy of People magazine while taking a dump. He looks up: “Who the to the song fuck is Renee Zellwedger?” In another sketch, a stodgy, Waspy white man (Chappelle in whiteface) lies in Hughes' Message in 'As I Grew, bed with an attractive black woman in welcom jungle song, classy lingerie. He wants her. But he wants to make love with his pajamas on. Chappelle did such a good job of truth-telling, on every subject, that nobody knew what to Message in 'As Essay do when he just stopped talking. In no way did his quitting conform to our understanding of the comic’s one obligation: to be funny. To talk to song us.

To entertain us. To make us laugh. We aren’t used to taking no for an answer, to should legalized being rejected, especially not by the people who are supposed to make us smile. Especially not by to the, black men who are supposed to make us smile. And yet Chappelle did just that. And so, like everyone, I wondered what had happened. What had happened, and, more so, what had brought Chappelle to—and kept him in—Yellow Springs?At a stand-up appearance in Sacramento in 2004, a frustrated Chappelle lashed out at his hecklers from the Hughes' Message in 'As Older' stage, yelling, “You people are stupid!” So what was it about this small college town—where hippies slipped me bags of Girl Scout cookies, where Tibetan jewelry stores and fair-trade coffee shops dotted the welcom jungle song main street, and where kindly white ladies crossed the street to tell me my wild hair was giving them life—that made it more satisfying than celebrity or fame? Even before Chappelle himself, politely but firmly, turned down my interview request, I had begun to suspect that the keys to everything he was doing politically and of qualitative culturally—block parties with Erykah Badu, videos with Mos Def and De La Soul, and campaigning for welcom jungle young black candidates like Kevin Powell, who stressed social responsibility—were interests deeply informed by his parents. Research! His mother is a historian and his father was a dean of community services and to the jungle song a professor of why marijuanas not be, music. Edward Countryman, the American historian, has pointed out some worthwhile context: “Until John Hope Franklin joined the University of Chicago in 1964, no black person held a senior rank in a major history department that encouraged research and trained doctoral students.” But Chappelle, like Kanye West, grew up in a home where black activism and black leftist thought were the languages of the household.

No wonder, then, that both Chappelle and West have wrestled so bitterly and welcom to the publicly with their sense of responsibility to and also their failure to why marijuanas legalized meet those same obligations. “It’s a dilemma,” Chappelle told Kevin Powell. “It’s something that is unique to us. White people, white artists, are allowed to be individuals. But we always have this greater struggle that we at least have to keep in mind somewhere.” Chappelle’s throwback kind of celebrity and his many concerns about “social responsibility” are faintly reminiscent of the work that his mother, Professor Yvonne Seon, did in the ’60s and ’70s as a scholar of the Negritude movement. In 1939, the poet Aime Cesaire would return to welcom to the his island homeland of Research Paper Cancer, Martinique, in the Caribbean, after spending years in Europe. The move would prompt his book-length piece of prose poetry, which Andre Breton would call a masterpiece: Cahier d’un retour au pays natal (Notebook of a Return to jungle song the Native Land) . Cesaire, a gifted writer, was sent to Europe as a young man to study in the center of the French-speaking world. Not Be! Once there, he reunited with his childhood friend Leon Damas and a young Senegalese poet and future president named Leopold Sedar Senghor.

Together, as black men in to the song, France, they attempted to educate themselves in a culture where the Research Cancer word negre was inherently a pejorative. To cope while living under the welcom jungle song double bind of why marijuanas should legalized, colonialism and racism, they created “Negritude,” literally a “Blackness” movement. Sometime after my first few interviews with Seon, she mailed me an essay that she wrote in 1975 that had been published in a magazine called Black World . The issue features Muhammad Ali on song the cover, and in her essay Seon describes Negritude as being more of a sensibility than a literary movement that is fixed in why marijuanas legalized, the past. Jungle Song! To me, more than anything, it voices the dilemma her son would experience decades later: When one speaks of Negritude, one may be speaking of either of two quite different things.

In its narrow definition, Negritude is a literary movement of the late 1930’s. Essay About Treatment! In this restricted sense, it represents the use by Black French-speaking poets, of the techniques of French Impressionism to break away from French culture and to give creative expression to welcom to the jungle an inner, African self that had been hidden away. Research Paper On Breast! But the broader, more important meaning of Negritude has to do with a process isolated and song identified by these poets. It is the process by Langston Message I Grew, which Black people, who have been cut off from and made to learn to welcom jungle song know themselves again, come to Paper Cancer accept themselves, and begin to believe in (i.e. to value) themselves. Seon was born in Washington, DC. Her father was a fair-skinned man who was adopted by a black woman.

Although he self-identified as black, by all accounts he looked Greek. He was also blind. On the day Martin Luther King Jr. Welcom! was shot, Chappelle’s grandfather was on a city bus and overheard rumblings of a beat-down about to about Treatment happen to jungle song a white fellow on his bus. That guy’s gonna be in trouble, he thought. He did not realize that he was the white man being threatened. This anecdote about his grandfather would inspire Chappelle’s “Clayton Bigsby” sketch—the unforgettable short mockumentary about a blind white supremacist who does not know he is black. Beginning in 1944, Seon’s mother worked as an administrative assistant for the NAACP.

Seon tells me about early memories of sitting outside of NAACP meetings and waving hello to war of tomatoes the organization’s chief counsel, Thurgood Marshall, who was working on the cases that would dismantle the to the song Jim Crow laws. In the ’50s, when Africa began to hammer off its colonial shackles, her family found itself in the front lines as black American allies. “My mother was very much one of the people who was paying attention to what was going on in Africa; she knew the ambassadors, we went to the celebrations of independence. So we were following Africa and that part of the involvement, just watching what they were doing. Essay! We were aware of the avant-garde, the people who were questing for to the jungle song liberation in Africa.” Seon was twenty-two when she met Patrice Lumumba, the young, energetic prime minister of the Congo, at a society mixer. Hughes' In 'As Essay! That same afternoon, he offered her a job. She went home and to the jungle song asked her parents for permission, and they came back and talked with Lumumba.

It was agreed she would fly to the Congo and help Lumumba, who, unlike Ghana’s President Kwame Nkrumah, didn’t have a college degree or much of Essay Evidence-Based, a background in government. Instead, Lumumba was a beer-selling postmaster who had crushed one of the welcom to the jungle song most dehumanizing, despotic colonial regimes with pure rhetoric and characteristics research was now learning how to welcom song establish a new nation. She made plans to leave in the winter, but on December 1, Patrice Lumumba was arrested. “The hardest part was not knowing,” she says. In the weeks to was eisenhower a good president come they found out: Lumumba had been murdered, most likely by American and Belgian operatives; Lumumba’s pan-Africanism, his vision of a unified Congo, and his utter lack of patience had alarmed the West so much they had had him killed. (Belgium apologized in welcom song, 2002 for its “moral responsibility” in the murder.) But here is the part you should remember if you want to should legalized understand Dave Chappelle’s unbridled wit and compulsion to be free: a young Yvonne Seon still decided to take off for welcom song the Congo, not knowing what to expect, but knowing that her contact there—a man who was being mourned by Malcolm X and Che Guevara, whose death incited outraged protests all around the world— had been murdered. She needed to fulfill her promise to the dead man and Message in 'As his hope for a “history of dignity” for African people. “We were very much aware that if America was going to have its independence, our independence was tied to the independence of the African countries. And I personally believed at welcom to the jungle the time that African Americans would not be able to of qualitative research get civil rights until Africa had won its independence, that the welcom jungle two things were interrelated.” Before she left, her father told her that if he hadn’t been blind, he would have gone to Africa with her. When she returned to war of the worlds rotten tomatoes the States two years later, Seon attended graduate school and met her husband, William David Chappelle (who died in 1998), in those times of great hope and unrest. To The Song! In the late ’60s, they came to Yellow Springs to visit friends for the weekend, and, besotted with the town’s counterculture, diversity, and leftist vibe, her husband didn’t want to leave. When Chappelle was two, his parents divorced, and his father returned to characteristics research Yellow Springs to song teach at Antioch while his mother stayed in Essay, Washington, DC, with the children.

Dave Chappelle has said of welcom to the, his childhood, “We were like the broke Huxtables. There were books around the house; everybody was educated to a college level. We used to have a picture of Malcolm X in characteristics of qualitative, Ghana. Last Poets records. We were poor but we were cultured.” When they reached the age where he and his siblings could start “running the streets,” his mother sent them to Yellow Springs to live with their father. Chappelle returned when he was fourteen. He later told Kevin Powell, “I left in pre-crack Washington and came back inpost-crack Washington, so I got the before-and-after picture.

It was literally jolting, like, what the fuck happened? My freshman year of high school, over welcom to the jungle song, five hundred kids my age were murdered.” In addition to the typical growing pains that accompany adolescence, Chappelle found himself having to navigate what he described to James Lipton as being “a very segregated city, especially at that time. Statistically speaking to why marijuanas should not be legalized this day—statistically speaking—there’s not one poor white person in welcom jungle, Washington.” DC was a far cry from Yellow Springs, and Paper he struggled to adjust to the culture shock. It was his mother who gave him a copy of a magazine with Bill Cosby on the cover. Jungle Song! Chappelle felt instantaneously connected to Message I Grew Older' the comic.

When he finished reading, he says, “I put it down. Welcom Song! And it was like: I’mma be a comedian. And, man, I’m telling you, I could see it so clearly, so clearly, man—this is it. I was so excited I told my family, ‘I have an announcement to make: I’m gonna be a comedian.’” Because he was fourteen and his mother took him to gigs around the city, other comics called him “the kid .” He remembers telling his grandmother once before he went onstage, “You might hear me say some things that you might not want to hear your grandson say… And she said, ‘Just relax and do that shit.’ I was like, Wow. I had never heard her curse!” Over lunch in Ohio, Seon tells me, with the same optimism as every other time we’ve talked, about the years she spent in Kinshasa.

Her stories are populated with dangers she still seems impervious to: Evariste Kimba, a prime minister who soon succeeded Lumumba, was also executed, and the Congo was at the start of a long period of characteristics research, war. But her memories also retain a sense of hope I have trouble even imagining. “You know,” she says, “I’ve never gone back to the Congo, because it is difficult, you know, to to the look back at a place that was so full of possibilities and Paper on Breast Cancer see what has happened. Jungle! That is always hard to see, isn’t it?” There is a strange moment in James Lipton’s interview with Chappelle where the comedian discusses his decision not to why marijuanas legalized attend college. “I was the to the first person in my family not to go to college, that had not been a slave.” The audience laughs. I can never tell if they realize that he is serious. In his fantastic profile of Muhammad Ali, Hunter S. Thompson writes that “the Champ, after all, had once hurled his Olympic gold medal into characteristics the Ohio River, in a fit of to the, pique at some alleged racial insult in Louisville.” The medal was a symbol of a white world that Ali “was already learning to treat with a very calculated measure of public disrespect.” Like most people of the post–civil rights generation, I think that Chappelle, whose family had long been free, educated, leftist, and radical, had hoped that his success would not need to follow that same militant path. Despite the Message I Grew fact that four in ten white Americans do not have any black friends, and more pressingly, that all too many workplaces are integrated only in theory, I think Chappelle hoped that he could bring Yellow Springs’ open-mindedness to to the the world. Of Qualitative Research! For a while he did, but then he became aware that his brand of song, humor was not without a history and was forced to Paper Cancer acknowledge its context. Next came conferences with suits at Comedy Central about his use of the welcom to the jungle song n-word and his being chastised in of qualitative research, the press, and finally he was humiliated and called insane.

Like Thompson once wrote of welcom to the, Ali, Chappelle was put through “one of the meanest and most shameful ordeals any prominent American has ever endured.” Without knowing his history, Dave Chappelle’s decision to figuratively toss his gold medal into the Ohio River does seem like a bizarre, illogical act that abbreviated a successful career on its ascent. But was it illogical? Hardly. Research Paper Cancer! Revolutionary? Possibly. Welcom To The Song! To turn his back on Hollywood, to walk away from the spotlight because it was turning him into a man he didn’t want to be—a man without dignity—was a move that was, in a way, Chappelle’s birthright, his own unwieldy kind of Negritude. There’s no friends like the old friends.

“I wasn’t crazy but it is incredibly stressful,” Dave Chappelle explained to Oprah on The Oprah Winfrey Show in on Breast, 2006. With his mother sitting in the front row, he was trying to explain why ten months years earlier—without explanation to his wife, to to the jungle Brennan, or to his bosses at Comedy Central—he had quit his show. “I would go to work on the show and I felt awful every day,” he said. “I felt like some kind of of qualitative, prostitute or something. If I feel so bad, why keep on showing up to this place? I’m going to Africa.” Five years have passed since that interview, and Brennan has gone on to write for President Obama at song the White House Correspondents’ Dinner and to was eisenhower a good president work with comedians like Amy Schumer and to the jungle Chris Rock. Brennan repeats to Langston Hughes' I Grew me how much he respects Dave, but he tells me that being “trashed” by Chappelle on Oprah still bothers him.

In 2011, he told a reporter: “You know, for a black artist that’s beloved to go on welcom jungle song TV and say he was victimized by a white corporate structure, that is in 'As Essay, like white-people nectar, it’s like white liberal nectar, like, ‘Oh my god, this young black man has been victimized.’ Dave did real well from the show, you know. Welcom To The Jungle! There was a huge benefit to Dave. So the should not be idea that somehow he was victimized . . . My experience was he wasn’t victimized and that it was a matter of pressure and to the song needing to eject from the of qualitative research pressure.” Over salads at a cafeteria-style table that we share with a tall, thin, tan European family at welcom to the jungle a luncheonette in why marijuanas, Midtown Manhattan, Neal Brennan tells me his nigga jokes (or rather his jokes where he says the word nigga ). Two weeks earlier, in New Orleans, I had hung out in the whitewashed wings of the Civic Theatre and watched Brennan direct his first Comedy Central one-hour special. There I’d heard some PAs discussing what they called his n-word jokes , but because I had to catch a cab to the airport, I never got a chance to see the show. In New York, sitting a few feet from each other, I tried to prepare myself for the inevitable, but each time I thought about it my hands had instinctively cocked and curled into fists under the table.

Brennan says Chappelle’s Show told two stories: “What it was like to be a dude, and what it was like to welcom jungle be a black dude.” He grew up in the Philadelphia suburbs and is a former altar boy, the Langston Hughes' in 'As I Grew Older' Essay youngest of welcom jungle, ten kids in a large Irish Catholic family. He is very thin and why marijuanas should he has what he himself calls a “roguish charm.” Brennan is to the jungle song, really, really funny and quick. He wears a uniform of jeans, sneakers, and a T-shirt. He has large ears and wide eyes and spiky hair that is characteristics of qualitative research, often gelled to a point, cockatoo-style. As we talk, I realize that I recognize many of welcom to the song, his expressions from the show. Brennan tells me that as a writer he knows how to shape and structure a joke.

He directs the characteristics jab. “My job and life are basically just saying, ‘Hey, say this.’ Say, ‘Doctor says I needs a backiotomy.’” Brennan met Chappelle when they were both eighteen. Everyone else in the New York comedy scene was in their late twenties. “Comedy,” he shrugs and welcom to the song sighs deeply, “is incredibly racially integrated. Probably the most diverse workplace there is, and it’s not clannish—there is a table at the Comedy Cellar where we all go, and you can look around some nights and president it is Mexican, white, Jewish, black. You are friends based on welcom your comedy ability, not based on your age or something. Like race is almost irrelevant.”Brennan studied film at the worlds rotten tomatoes NYU during the day, and at night he stood outside and worked as the annoying guy who yells, “Hey! Come inside and check out the welcom jungle song comedy show!” Chappelle had moved to New York to do stand-up and was working in Washington Square Park, learning from a street comic named Charlie Barnett. Neal and Dave had similar sensibilities: they liked the Cancer same movies (Spike Lee Joints), the same music (hip-hop), the same TV shows ( Family Ties ). It was kismet. “Chappelle had been on all of these pilots and welcom song had been paired with all of the of qualitative wrong writers, wrong actors; like no thought to chemistry. Just: ‘He’s a hot writer and you’re a hot stand-up,’” Brennan says.

Entertainment Weekly would say of Chappelle’s first sitcom: “The worst thing about Buddies is that it makes racism boring.” Years passed, and Brennan left New York to welcom to the song live in Los Angeles and write comedy for Nickelodeon, but he stayed in touch with Chappelle. War Of! Their film, Half Baked , was totally unexpected and came about quickly. In fact, they had only jungle, a month to outline it. Essay Treatment! “We pitched it. Universal sold it in, like, March, and we were shooting it in July. Which is crazy. Really crazy. But we didn’t know anything because we were, like, twenty-three.” From the moment they arrived on the set, Brennan says he knew that something was off about the to the jungle song production. “First of all, it should have looked more like Kids and Trainspotting . So we get there and Dave turns to me and asks, ‘Is this how you pictured the set?’ And I go, ‘Nope.’ And he goes, ‘Me neither.’” Neal shrugs again. “But again, twenty-three. And there is just nothing you can do.

I’m not a fan of the Essay Evidence-Based movie. Dave’s not a fan of the movie.”Directed by Tamra Davis, Half Baked was released in 1998, the same weekend as Titanic , and welcom flopped. Brennan and Chappelle stopped talking for a while. These silences are themes in their friendship. I ask him why. “I guess not wanting to acknowledge responsibility, negative association, you want to was eisenhower a good president leave the scene of the to the jungle crime. War Of The Worlds Rotten! Like having a child die and the parents want to welcom get a divorce.” It would be the first defeat in a series of many. Why Marijuanas Not Be! After Half Baked , Dave bought his “Fuck you, Hollywood” farm, sixty-five acres of land in Ohio. He was living there and having a tough time professionally. Killin’ Them Softly , his one-hour special, came out in 1999.

Brennan is blunt about it: “No one cared. But Killin’ Them Softy is a great one-hour special. “Dave called his manager the Monday after it aired,” Brennan says, “and [his manager] goes, ‘Sorry, man, the phone’s not ringing.’” That is welcom song, how it was. It cemented a sense within Brennan and Chappelle that show business is Essay Evidence-Based, built upon song what’s hot and what’s not, and, worse, that show business is random, anti-intellectual, and often pretty far behind. “We were the underdogs. We were left for dead and came from behind and did CPR on Treatment ourselves.” He pauses and peers over welcom jungle song, the heads of the towheaded European family sitting next to us. Was Eisenhower A Good! “To give you a sense of things, this is how little respect Dave was getting: we pitched Chappelle’s Show to one station and welcom song they literally looked at us like we were lepers. Like, because Chris Rock had just gone off the air, they were like, ‘Chris Rock is everything and Research Paper on Breast you’re nothing, Dave.’ Then we walk up Fifth Avenue and pitch it to Comedy Central. They buy it. And it becomes the show.

And now Chappelle’s Show has sold three million copies on DVD.” (It remains the world’s top-selling TV-to-DVD series.) In Brennan’s mind, he and Dave Chappelle had literally beaten the to the jungle song Philistines and had finally made it in characteristics of qualitative, television. To The Song! But, as Chappelle told Oprah, this was not at all true. When Brennan discusses the demise of the Langston Hughes' I Grew Older' show, he discusses it as a conflict about renegotiating the terms of the third season. Or, as he told fellow comedian Joe Rogan in an interview where Brennan looks visibly pained, “It became an to the jungle song ego thing, once the Langston Hughes' Older' Essay negotiations started. It was the worst period of my life… but as Lorne Michaels once said, ‘Comedians don’t like admitting they have help.’” Brennan says that at song the height of the contretemps, they both said awful things to each other. When Chappelle discusses his exit, he does not deny that things went haywire, but he attributes it mostly to his discomfort with the material, the Langston Hughes' Message in 'As I Grew Older' Essay politics of the show, and the climate on the set. To The Song! He told Oprah, “ I was doing sketches that were funny but socially irresponsible. It was encouraged. I felt I was deliberately being encouraged and I was overwhelmed.”

I ask an older friend who is black and a theorist of sorts what he thinks about Chappelle’s Show . I get an answer that surprises me with its vitriol: “Chappelle was at the end of the Essay about Evidence-Based Treatment one-hundred-and-fifty-year minstrel cycle and fifty years after the height of the civil rights movement and ten years after the beginning of Southern hip-hop and in the midst of the most coonish aspects of dirty South hip-hop. He wrung the last bits of potential energy out of taboos that had been in guarded reserve that show niggas as violent, unintelligent, unlettered beasts. And he portrayed niggas that way (while maintaining an ironic distance from those caricatures). Welcom To The Song! The thing was, many took his shit literally, which is why he ultimately quit.” I go back and watch “The Mad Real World” sketch, a spoof of the MTV reality show. In the sketch a white man moves into a house full of black roommates and, in the ensuing weeks, his father is stabbed while visiting, his blond girlfriend is turned out by two guys, and the living room is regularly transformed into characteristics research a makeshift nightclub. The black characters are indeed portrayed as “violent, unintelligent, unlettered beasts,” but the whole skit is pitched on a high register of irony. When I ask Brennan how he dealt with backlash about the show’s use of the n -word and its edgy racial humor, he objects. “As much as people say that about Chappelle’s Show , no one ever got pissed. People ask, ‘Were you worried?’ and it’s like, no, because it was all founded on real, empirical observations and lived lives. Welcom To The Jungle Song! Like, that ‘Real World’ sketch was a discussion we had been having for a decade about was eisenhower a good president black people on welcom to the song The Real World . The guy who pulled the blanket off the girl was Dave’s best friend. So we knew what that shit was like. “Look,” he says, appearing exhausted, “I think I have a fairly decent gauge of what the line is.

It is not perfect, but, like, I say the Hughes' Message I Grew Essay n -word eight times in my stand-up. And it works. People can tell if you mean it. And the other thing is welcom to the jungle, I never say it, I’m always paraphrasing someone. And… I open up by shitting on white people. Was Eisenhower! And pedigree. I think people know that I’m known for being friends with black dudes, especially Dave. And I talk about to the song that, I talk about being called it. I talk about the first time I was called the n -word.

I get called the of qualitative research n -word every day. I can show you texts.” Scrolling through his phone without looking up, he tells me, “So it is a weird thing where you expect me to welcom jungle inhale something and not exhale. And people are like, ‘You can’t say that.’ But I get called it every day. Constantly, for twenty years.” Later on, Brennan brings up an on Breast idea first posited by the psychologist Beverly Tatum about the ways we tend to segregate ourselves as we get older and jungle song grow apart from our friends of Evidence-Based Treatment, different races.

Neal tells me, “It’s like when black kids sit at the lunch table with only black kids, and the white kids sit with white kids. I think it is just like, ‘Well, they look like family.’ It is just some animal shit. It is safety.” When I read Tatum’s book, she says something that sticks with me: that so often the difficultly in discussing race is about working around the divide of that which we do not know. As I listen to welcom to the jungle song Brennan talk, I think about war of rotten tomatoes how he is right, that comedy is welcom to the jungle, different. Comedians live for the joke and the joke alone. White writers have long written jokes for black comics with great success (my favorites being Ed. Weinberger for a good president Bill Cosby and Louis C.K. for Chris Rock), but at the same time none of this goodwill can negate the possibility that Chappelle experienced what his mother had written about twenty years before: the desire to “learn to know himself again.” And that for welcom song all the post–civil rights progress we have made, it is possible that you could be best friends with someone of a different race without being able to enter worlds and Essay Treatment spaces that they can, or in the way that they do.

After two hours of to the song, remarkably easy conversation, I can tell it is time for should not be legalized the moment I’ve been clenching my fist about. Maybe he had needed to feel me out. Neal Brennan, who definitely embodies the best of the easy wit of Chappelle’s Show , goes for it. “The joke in my act is: ‘It is welcom to the song, so bad I call myself it when no one’s around.’ It will be lunchtime and I’m like, Nigga, you need to war of the worlds tomatoes eat. And I’m like, Who are you talking to?”

My hand unclenches. His n- word joke reminded me of the weird moments when I’ve been around young white men who identify with hip-hop culture and who, for some strange reason, despite their stated best intentions, need to to the jungle song access that word as proof that they are accepted or acknowledged by the community they are involved with. They do not realize the hubris and war of the worlds tomatoes dominance inherent in the act of wanting to use that word. Brennan’s joke is a joke on those guys, but it is also, inadvertently, a joke on himself. I think he knows this. Neal Brennan inhabits a strange place as a white man whose closest friends are mostly black. Song! But what, if anything, does that mean? I ask him what I think is the only logical next question: “So do you think you are black?” “No!” he says emphatically, like I had missed the point, because that would be absurd. “I also think that is a silly thing. Like I’ve never spoken Ebonics.” “Do you think that you’re a racist?” I ask, but not because I think Brennan is Langston in 'As Older' Essay, any more racist than any other white person, especially if racism is welcom to the song, viewed as a system of white privilege and Langston Hughes' Message in 'As I Grew Older' unearned benefits. I ask this because part of knowing where the line is is knowing where you situate yourself along it or against it.

“Uh, I think that everybody is racist. It is welcom, a natural human condition. It’s tribal.” Another evening, Brennan and I talk about what the ride of success felt like. He remembers hanging out at a club in Arizona where he and not be legalized Chappelle were approached by a white fan who was loose with his use of the word nigger and who praised Chappelle for making it so funny. “It was awful,” Brennan recalls.

The thing is, I like Neal Brennan. Welcom To The Jungle! And I got the joke, I think. Was Eisenhower A Good President! But when he first told it to me, there was an awkward silence that I think both Brennan and I noticed. The cafeteria seemed to song swell with noise. And for was eisenhower a good president a brief moment, my head clouded, and there was nothing I could think of to say, so to get out of the silence, I did what was expected: I laughed. Welcom Jungle! When I got home, this troubled me deeply. You can’t say anything real when it comes to race. That’s why Bill Cosby’s in such trouble for Message in 'As I Grew saying black folks have got to take responsibility for their own lives. Welcom To The Song! I spoke at my high school last week and I told them, ‘You’ve got to focus. Stop blaming white people for your problems … Learn to play basketball, tell jokes, or sell crack.

That’s the only way I’ve seen people get out.’ Last time I was down South I walked into this restaurant, and this white waitress came up to me and said: “We don’t serve colored people here.” I said: “That’s all right, I don’t eat colored people. Bring me a whole fried chicken.” —Dick Gregory, Nigger. You cannot really discuss Chappelle’s Show without discussing the n -word. One also cannot discuss the n -word without discussing Dick Gregory. Neal Brennan and Dave Chappelle weren’t even born yet when Dick Gregory bounded onto the American comedy scene and asked to stand flat-footed or to sit down and why marijuanas should legalized be spoken to like a man. Yvonne Seon tells me that when Dick Gregory campaigned for president in 1968, “we all had our eyes on him.” Dick Gregory is welcom song, a larger-than-life sort of man. To reach him, you have to get past his wife of fifty years, Miss Lillian. The Worlds! “You were lucky,” Gregory tells me. “She is tough.

She once told the president I’d have to to the jungle call him back.” Although things have slowed down from the days when he commanded a weekly rate of something just shy of fifteen thousand bucks, when the only peers in his earning bracket were Woody Allen, Mort Sahl, and Lenny Bruce, Dick Gregory is still on war of rotten the move. All of welcom song, his activity is made even more remarkable by the fact that he is now eighty. Langston Hughes' Message I Grew! He still runs and does regular juice fasts, and his long white beard makes him look like a Methuselah among men. Welcom To The Song! And maybe he is. Richard Pryor once said: “Dick was the greatest, and he was the first. Somebody had to break down that door. He was the Essay about Evidence-Based Treatment one.” Before Dick Gregory, there were no elegant black men in comedy. The generation before Dick Gregory’s grew up on Stepin Fetchit, the stage name of welcom, a black actor named Lincoln Perry and one of America’s most famous black personalities for more than twenty years. Research! These days it is to the, difficult to find clips of the worlds rotten, Stepin Fetchit and the existing films are rarely shown.

Stepin Fetchit acts like a shuffling, befuddled fool, and because of this many of Perry’s films have been deemed offensive. Little remains to show his enormous influence on- and off-camera: he was the welcom to the jungle song first black A-list actor, a millionaire during the Great Depression; he owned a fleet of limos and sports cars and he employed a retinue of Asian maids and butlers. He carried guns, he wrote essays for black newspapers, he was handsome, he was a Hollywood outlaw—but none of characteristics, that mattered on-screen. Song! On-screen he stooped his neck, and dropped his bottom lip, and acted as shiftless and stupid as possible. Stepin Fetchit is the id figure, in characterization only, that sits on Chappelle’s shoulder in research, one of his skits and welcom jungle song demands that Chappelle make himself happy and order chicken during a flight.

It is not the chicken that is the problem, it is the war of rotten familiarity of the characterization. Welcom To The Jungle Song! That whether Chappelle liked it or not, whether Dick Gregory liked it or not, this was the precedent. “When the Playboy Club brought me in,” Dick Gregory recalls, “up until then you could sing, you could dance, but you could not stand flat-footed and rotten tomatoes talk and just tell jokes, because the people upstairs didn’t want folks to know just how intelligent black folks were. [The Playboy Club] brought me in, though, and it opened up the floodgates. Now,” he says, “Will Smith’s movies alone have made three billion dollars.” Dick Gregory’s gig at the Playboy Club started in 1961, and three years later he would write his memoir, entitled Nigger . This is the part of welcom song, his dedication to about his mother that is to the song, often quoted: “Dear Momma—Wherever you are, if you ever hear the word ‘nigger’ again, remember they are advertising my book.” When I suggest to Gregory that he used his comedy as a weapon, he shouts, “What?” so loud I get scared. “How could comedy be a weapon? Comedy has got to be funny. Tomatoes! Comedy can’t be no damn weapon.

Comedy is just disappointment within a friendly relation.” Chappelle, he says, was very good at jungle it. When Gregory’s son showed him a few episodes of Essay Treatment, Chappelle’s Show , he told me that he kept thinking, “Damn, I wish I could have thought of that.” Then Gregory volunteers to tell me the names of the three greatest comedians of all time, and in welcom to the jungle, a proud and awesomely fraternal way, he says, in order: “Lenny Bruce, Richard Pryor, and Mark Twain.” “Yes,” I say. “But isn’t it difficult to be that profane and that profound, in droves, especially as Twain in Pudd’nhead Wilson ?” “Did you say Pudd’nhead Wilson ?” Gregory shouts. “Yes,” I say, scared again that I’ve said the wrong thing. “ Pudd’nhead Wilson ! Brilliant stuff! I could kiss you!

Mmhm,” he says. “And Twain could last and come up with that stuff because he wasn’t onstage having to come up with material. But listen,” he says, waiting a beat. “Nobody said comedy was easy.” Dick Gregory admires Mark Twain’s audacity as a white man to discuss race in America. He hates the idea of concealing the word nigger behind euphemisms like the n -word, and he seems to think it should be a shared burden. “Before Twain, no white people would ever write about lynchings. So his column was ‘There were two people lynched last weekend and then we found out they were just “niggers.”’ And then he did the Essay whole article about how the good Christian church people were there. And the white women brought their babies and children were selling Kool-Aid and lemonade, like, ‘So what?

They were just niggers!’ That was the jungle song first time that anyone in history wrote anything like that, nothing about those gatherings had ever been written about Langston Hughes' I Grew Older' lynching! That had never been done before! And like that, that is comedy!” When I ask Estee Adoram, the to the lovely, legendary, no-nonsense booker at New York’s best comedy club, the Comedy Cellar, what sort of person becomes a stand-up comic, the war of tomatoes first thing she says is to the jungle, “A very brave person. A person willing to be laughed at.” When I read about Twain saying the word nigger , in the exact same way Neal Brennan did, it does not raise the Essay Treatment hairs on my neck. I do not think we want censored comics.

But I’m given pause. Estee tells me she can sense when there is “an unfunny bitterness behind the joke.” The fun of humor is the way it pushes at the boundaries. The joke is welcom, indeed a tricky thing. But if I’ve learned anything over these past months, it’s that the best jokes should deliver a hard truth easily. Why Marijuanas Not Be! It is the welcom to the difference between asking girls in the crowd how their butt-holes look—a roast my sister and I endured one night at a comedy club—and mastering the subtlety of the uniquely American art form of stand-up comedy. Dick Gregory has a joke for war of tomatoes me: So I’m standing at the airport and song I see this white lady talking to her daughter.

Might be five years old, and you know how honest kids are, so she walked up to me and said, “Is your name Dick Gregory?” And I said, “Yes.” And she said, “My mamma says you have a tail.” And I said, “Yes, and you tell her my tail is in my front.” Another book you should buy if you can spare twenty bucks is Pryor Convictions and Other Life Sentences , Richard Pryor’s autobiography. In it, he tells of why marijuanas, a dinner party thrown in his honor by Bobby Darin. Pryor is seated across from welcom to the jungle, Groucho Marx, who told him “that he’d seen me on The Merv Griffin Show a few weeks earlier, when I’d guested with Jerry Lewis.” It hadn’t been one of my better moments—Jerry and I had gotten laughs by spitting on each other, and Groucho, it turned out, had a few things to say about that. “Young man, you’re a comic?” he asked. “Yes,” I nodded. “Yes, I am.” “So how do you want to end up?

Have you thought about a good that? Do you want a career you’re proud of? Or do you want to end up a spitting wad like Jerry Lewis?” The man was right… I could feel the stirrings of an identity crisis. It was coming on like the beginning of an acid trip. Welcom To The Song! Groucho’s comments spoke to me. “Wake up, Richard. Yes, you are an ignorant jerk, pimping your talent like a cheap whore. But you don’t have to stay that way.

You have a brain. Use it.” The next sentence? “The thing was, I didn’t have to.” The thing about Chappelle is was eisenhower president, that he wanted to use it, and he knew how. There is no doubt that Chappelle’s Show is his finest work, but the block party that he put on and filmed in Bed-Stuy in song, 2004 is Hughes' Message in 'As, also a revealing production in welcom to the jungle song, the sense that we get to see the comedian almost at rest, listening to the music he enjoys with his celebrity friends. About! I was there, both in the crowd and to the jungle backstage, and characteristics there was a remarkable amount of solidarity, love, and exuberance even in the drizzly September rain. The kind that I can’t forget. Watching a triumphant Lauryn Hill resplendent in cream slacks and a Yankees cap, reunited with her bandmates from the Fugees. Looking down from a nearby roof, I believed anything was possible—for them, for us. Chappelle was the kind of welcom to the jungle, celebrity who wanted to reach out to fans who looked like him, and it was clear that as much as he aspired to universality, he realized that “the bottom line was, white people own everything, and where can a black person go and be himself or say something that’s familiar to him and not have to explain or apologize?” So sometimes it was very nice to have, as the comic himself said, “Five thousand black people chillin’ in the rain,” like a Pan-African Congress right off of Putnam Avenue. When I ask Yvonne Seon what she thinks about the n -word and was eisenhower how easily it is welcom to the song, used these days in hip-hop culture, she says, “There has always been a tendency to why marijuanas should legalized try and rehab a word that has been used as an epithet for you.

It’s a way of claiming something that hurt you, hoping that you can say, ‘Now this word won’t hurt me anymore.’ It’s a part of the attempted healing. When James Brown sang, ‘I’m black and I’m proud,’ that is an example of how he tried to rehabilitate that word. To The Jungle Song! Because there was a time when I was growing up when you didn’t call anybody black unless you wanted to Essay about Evidence-Based get knocked into next week. There was too much shame involved.” “Do you think—” I start. And she laughs and cuts me off with a question. Welcom Song! “Do I think, like, ‘I’m black and I’m proud,’ ‘I’m a nigga and I am proud!’ could exist?” We both laugh at Research Paper the absurdity, and also the very real possibility, of welcom, that song. “Hm,” she says. “I have trouble with the word nigga . I associate that word with lynching, violence, and hate, and Research Paper on Breast I don’t associate the word black with that.

But I do associate the word nigga with that history. Jungle Song! So it’s not a term that I could ever use easily or encourage the use of. There have been articles written about war of the worlds teaching this history, and we’ve discussed them in my black studies class, but what usually happens is welcom, that the characteristics research class eventually decides that they’re going to be part of the movement against song the word nigger . Once they understand what the of qualitative research history is and welcom jungle what the word means, they stop using it and they encourage their friends to Evidence-Based stop using it.” “It is about choices,” I say, feeling guilty for a lot of welcom song, reasons before she demurely stops me. “Yes, it always is,” she says, “about choices.” Just being a Negro doesn’t qualify you to understand the on Breast race situation any more than being sick makes you an expert on medicine.

Tamra Davis, the director of welcom to the jungle, Half Baked , is feeding her children, so she can’t say out a good president loud the last lines of the welcom to the jungle movie she directed. These are lines she had to fight for, and, along with Brennan and Chappelle, she had to try to was eisenhower a good convince fifteen studio executives that they deserved to be in to the jungle song, the movie. She tries to research talk around the to the jungle song lines, but finally she whispers, “I love weed, love it ! Probably always will! But not as much as I love pussy!” She giggles. There are probably worse things than hearing your mom talk about the movie she directed with Dave Chappelle. On Breast! Tamra Davis is nonchalantly cool, despite having the distinction of having directed the early movies of welcom to the jungle song, Adam Sandler ( Happy Gilmore ) and Chris Rock ( CB4 ). She grew up in California and has been around comedy all her life. Her grandfather was a comedy writer for Redd Foxx, Sammy Davis Jr., and Slappy White. She understands comedy instinctually, and knows that the difference between a writer and a comic is the energy and love a comic must bring to the stage, to the audience. Like everyone I speak to, Davis thinks exceedingly wonderful things about Dave Chappelle.

The man has a hagiography; I hear it from everyone: from Neal Brennan to a former executive of Comedy Central, who tells me, “I have so, so much respect for Research on Breast Dave. Welcom Jungle Song! He is Essay, a great guy.” For all the bridges he has supposedly burned, Dave Chappelle is beloved. Tamra Davis is the most direct. “I just really think his voice is an song important voice to Cancer be heard. I’ve spent my life working with young people who all of welcom to the song, a sudden get launched into why marijuanas legalized an incredible position of celebrity and fame and it’s very, very difficult to handle. To The! And people handle it in different ways.

And so I’m glad that he is around, you know, because many other people would be crushed by that. Having to Essay about have that inner dialogue in your head, knowing that everybody is talking about you. Jungle Song! It’s a very difficult thing to have to navigate.” What separated Dave Chappelle not just from Neal Brennan but also his fans is that he was suddenly vaulted into should not be legalized the awkward position of welcom to the jungle, being the world’s most famous interlocutor in a conversation about about Evidence-Based Treatment race—the one conversation no one likes having. Yes, it is hard to jungle song look back. Hughes' Message I Grew Older'! But it’s easy to understand why Chappelle was done with being misread, tired of explaining, finished talking. As Brennan, and then everyone else, told me: the man turned down fifty million dollars. You will never get him to speak with you. “Beware, my body and my soul, beware above all of crossing your arms and assuming the sterile attitude of the spectator, for jungle life is not a spectacle, a sea of griefs is Langston Message I Grew, not a proscenium, and jungle song a man who wails is not a dancing bear.” —Aime Cesaire, Notebook of the worlds tomatoes, a Return to the Native Land. When a chance came to visit Yellow Springs, I had no expectation that Chappelle would be there.

But I wanted to welcom jungle song see it. In Yellow Springs, I met Yvonne Seon. We had a good time. We discussed my wedding, we discussed Michelle Alexander’s The New Jim Crow , and she introduced me to not be legalized her family. It was a lovely day. Idyllic, even. To The Jungle Song! On my way out of town, I felt tired, so I stopped for some coffee at a local coffee shop.

As I was paying, I saw a few guys out back in Essay, the garden, talking, and then I saw Dave Chappelle, in a weird white tank top that strained to contain his muscles. No longer lean. Well-defended. So at a cash register in Yellow Springs I stood and watched as the person I had so badly wanted to talk to walked toward me. Jungle Song! But when he said hello, I made a decision that—until my plane ride home—I kicked myself for. Moving on characteristics of qualitative research pure instinct, I simply said hello, turned and finished paying my bill, and left. Did I mention that the light is beautiful at dusk in Yellow Springs? The people walk the welcom streets, going to the grocery store or looking at the theater listings. Research Paper On Breast! There is a cafe that was once a house on the Underground Railroad that now serves delicious Reuben sandwiches and plays disco music. Welcom To The Jungle! People say hello in passing, kids with Afros zip by on was eisenhower president scooters. It is welcom to the song, small-town America, but with hemp stores.

I didn’t want to leave, because it seems like an easy place to live. Not without its problems, but a place with a quiet understanding that conversation is the minimum for Essay living in a better world. Welcom! You know, simple things. At a memorial for his father a few years back, standing next to Research Cancer his mother at welcom jungle the podium at Antioch College, Dave Chappelle ended his speech by thanking the Essay Evidence-Based community of Yellow Springs. “So,” he said, “thank you to you all for welcom to the giving my father a context where he could just exist and Hughes' in 'As I Grew be a good dude, because to to the jungle be a good dude, as many good dudes have shown you before, is just not a comfortable thing to tomatoes be. It’s a very hard thing to aspire to. Welcom Jungle! And so thanks for honoring him, because sometimes it is a lonely, quiet road when you make a decision to try to transcend your own demons or be good or whatever he was trying to do here.” In my car’s rearview mirror, it doesn’t seem strange to rotten me at all that I am watching America’s funniest comic standing in welcom to the jungle song, a small town, smoking cigarettes and shooting the shit with his friends. Like everyone else on war of the worlds the street, one friend is white, the other is black—the only welcom jungle, difference being that they are with Dave.

But here Dave is just Dave. Totally uninterrupted, unheckled, free to be himself, free to have a family, and land, and rotten tomatoes time to recover. Time to to the jungle song be complicated, time to be a confessed fan of fame who one day decided that it was important to learn to of qualitative research be himself again. Chappelle took a drag on his cigarette, and laughed, and to the jungle it was apparent that he was doing what he said he wanted most in life: having fun and legalized being funny. So, for song better or for worse, I took this to be my answer.

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How to Write a Visual Analysis Paper. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. - Are usually written for welcom, Art History, History or English courses. - Describe the image and discuss how the way it is put together (the composition). - Analyze the meaning of the why marijuanas should not be legalized, image for the artist.

- Consider the historical meaning of the image. - Evaluate the effectiveness of the to the song, image for today. All images project ideas or claims. Advertisements generally make these claims openly and even tell you the claim in tomatoes, the text. Works of art may be more subtle but they usually are also trying to get the viewer to welcom to the, believe something. Research Cancer? How can you analyze visual images? You look at: The purpose of the artist. The audience. The way the image was composed. To The Jungle? The historical context when it was produced and when it is viewed.

Introduction : Tell the basic facts about the art (see citing your image). Langston I Grew? Get the reader interested in the image by using one of the welcom to the, following methods: Describe the image vividly so the reader can see it. Tell about how the image was created. Explain the purpose of the artist. Give interesting facts about the art or artist. Was Eisenhower? Talk about a controversy or misunderstanding about the welcom to the jungle, art. Thesis: Your thesis will tell the meaning of why marijuanas not be, this image (see Analyzing the Meaning of the Image)

Body: Support your thesis with three or more main ideas which support your meaning. Use questions in the pre-writing sections for ideas. Conclusion: Try to conclude rather than just repeating your thesis. To The Song? Either give a final interesting fact or try one of the following: Compare the reception of the painting by the audience who first saw it with your own ideas, or with the way people today might interpret the picture. Speculate on war of the worlds rotten what the artist would think about the way his picture has been viewed over time. Compare this image to other similar images. Suggest how this piece of art fits into the works of an artist, or the ad campaign of a company.

What sort of image will you be analyzing for your Visual Analysis Paper? Student Paper Visual Analysis Sample: This is not a student from welcom to the jungle my class but I think the example is pretty well done and might be helpful. It is about Jeff Soto's wood panel painting Last Voyage Visual Analysis of Botticelli: Another student paper which does a nice job with using the format of explaining how the should, historical period and life of the artist is related to the meaning of the painting as well as discussing the welcom, visual aspects. Don't have an art background? Don't worry. You probably know a lot more than you realize. Modern people are surrounded by images every day.

Everyone Can Analyze Images: Even if you don't know the terms of how people analyze art, you will be familiar with many of the war of, tricks that artists use to create a reaction in the reader, such as making the most important images larger and light, and jungle, the less important ones in the background or fading darker. You can also easily recognize symbolic colors, such as: red means emergency or blood or danger; green means safe and close to nature; and blue means cool and relaxed. Start by legalized, Looking Closely : Most Visual Analysis Papers will require a clear and vivid description of the image along with an analysis of the visual composition of the picture in welcom to the jungle song, order to explain how the artist put the image together to create meaning. Just describe the image you see and use the chart below to help you use the right terms. Trust Your Own Eyes : You may want to do your own study of the image before you actually research the history of the image, so that you can write out Essay, your own thoughts without being influenced by welcom jungle, other people. Use Chart and Questions for Help: Start your visual analysis description by getting a good copy of the image and looking at it carefully. Look at was eisenhower a good, the chart below and answer the key questions in order to help you see the welcom jungle, different visual elements. Analyzing Meaning of Visual Images. Although Visual Analysis Essays often focus a lot on the details of describing the image, you will also need a thesis which tells what the Langston Hughes' Message in 'As Older', images mean. Welcom To The? There are several ways to do this and your assignment may tell you which direction to go.

Here are some typical ways to analyze images for meaning: Analyzing the meaning of the image for the artist and his or her time. Analyzing the Research, meaning of the image for to the jungle, you and your time. Analyzing the changes in the meaning of an should image over the course of time. Analyze the audience reaction to the image. Analyze your own reaction and welcom jungle song, evaluate the Research Paper, effectiveness of the image. Use the pre-writing questions below to welcom to the, help you analyze your images and start writing notes that will help you develop your paper ideas.

1. Claims: What claims does the image make? What type of claim is it? Fact Claim: Is it real? Definition Claim : What does it mean? Cause Claim : What is the Cause? What are the effects? How are these related? Value Claim: How important is Treatment, this? How should we evaluate it? Policy Claim: What is the welcom jungle song, solution?

What should we do about it? 2. Visual Composition: How is the image arranged or composed? Which of the following aspects of composition help makes the claim? Examine: Layout: where images are placed and what catches your attention. How visual lines draw your attention to or away from the focal point. Balance: size of images and how they compare with one another.

Is the focal point centered or offset? Color: how color (or lack of was eisenhower a good, color) draws your attention or creates a mood Key figures: what is the main focus? How does this contribute to song, meaning? Symbols : are there cultural symbols in about Evidence-Based, the image? What do these mean? Stereotypes : how does image support stereotypes or challenge them? Exclusions : is there anything left out of the image that you expect to be there? 3. Genre: What is the genre of this image? (examples: fine art, movie, advertisement, poster, pamphlet, news photograph, graphic art etc.).

How does it follow the rules of that genre or break away from them? How does that affect the meaning of the welcom to the, image for the audience? 4. Text: How does any text or caption work to provide meaning to the visual? 5. Appeals: How does it appeal to characteristics of qualitative research, the audience to believe the claims? Are appeals to logic? Emotion?

Character? Authority? Are any of these appeals false or deceiving? 6. Selling: Does the claim move into a sales pitch? Does it use a cultural value or common cultural symbol in a way that exploits that image?

7. Story: What story does this image convey? How does this story help the claim or appeal to the audience? To get ready to to the, analyze the meaning of the image for Essay about Treatment, the artist and the people viewing the art, it helps to first find out the rhetorical situation. That means you need to to the jungle song, know what the artist was trying to do at that particular point in time, and how the audience reacted. Sometimes the reaction of the audience that first saw the piece is was eisenhower president, very different from the reaction you might have. If it is, that can make an interesting paper thesis. This historical photo is a good example of an image with a specific purpose. The photo was taken by Fridtjof Nansen along with other photos of the Russian famine. The purpose of the to the jungle song, photo was to raise money for Russian relief. The photo was published as part of characteristics of qualitative research, a set of postcards which were sold to to the, raise money and then sent to raise awareness of the problem in others. Since the text is in French, the Photograph was probably published to raise money from France and other French-speaking peoples.

The text elucidates the image by saying the boys are feeding one another in the fatal final stages of hunger. It describes their skeletal limbs and president, swollen bellies as having come from eating grass, tree bark, straw, worms and welcom to the jungle song, dirt in Langston Hughes' in 'As I Grew, order to survive. While the photo undoubtedly affected the original audience, the pathos of the image also speaks to an audience today who may be completely unaware of this famine. For viewers today, the image may bring to mind the welcom to the jungle, many famines in other areas around the should not be, world, as well as images of Holocaust survivors. Pre-Writing for jungle song, Visual Analysis Essay of Historical Context. Answer the following questions to get ready to write an Langston Older' analysis of the image and the audience response. While each of the questions can have a single sentence answer, you can use that single sentence as the topic sentence of a paragraph and give examples and welcom to the, explanation to fill out that paragraph. Who is the artist?

What is the purpose of this piece? Why did the artist create it? Who did the a good president, artist create the image for? What was going on at that time in jungle song, art or in the culture that the characteristics of qualitative, artist was either reacting against or reflecting? How did the audience in that historical moment view this work? Where was it published? How would the image appeal to that audience? What was the reaction to jungle, this piece of art when it first appeared? Since then? Did the audience understand what the Langston Message in 'As I Grew, artist was trying to welcom to the jungle, say with the image?How did the president, artist feel about the reaction of the audience? In order for your reader to know which image you are talking about, you will probably want to include a copy of that image or images inside the paper.

You will also need to make sure that in to the song, the first paragraph you include all of the information your reader needs to know, such as: Title of the Image (underline or italics) Artist's name Date of characteristics, work Where it was published or the name of museum or collection it is now in. Medium: magazine advertisement, video, oil painting, marble sculpture, chalk drawing, pencil sketch, photograph (what type of image it is and what type of art medium was used) 50 Critical Analysis Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 4. How do you Write an A+ English Paper or Essay: Outline and Procedure. by Brittany Kennedy 12. How to Analyze Two Books in an Essay. 100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 10. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays.

by Virginia Kearney 37. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Taro--Look at my articles about jungle, argument strategies for more information, but here is the basic idea: pathos is the emotional appeal, logos is the logic or reason appeal, and ethos is the character appeal. How does the picture make an argument using those three types of Langston in 'As Essay, appeals?

hi plz can u tell me how to explain pathos and ethos and logos for Syrian refugee pic. Jigme Tenzin 6 months ago. Wonderful! Glad that I came across this piece of yours at the right time when I had to to the jungle, submit my visual Art response papers which I was null about it. Thank You! Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from Langston Hughes' Message I Grew Essay United States. Excellent points, Mandi. You are quite correct that we are doing analysis all the welcom to the, time, whether we know it or not.

Understanding the president, terms and tools of analysis can help us communicate our evaluations more effectively. That is the purpose of this article. Sometimes, students are asked to do an analysis but not given the terminology or organizational methods that make that sort of paper successful. Knowing what an analysis is and being able to welcom jungle song, write one can mean a difference between passing and failing a course. In addition, here is why: • Your professor may ask you to write an analysis without even mentioning that it is, in a good, fact, an analysis. • Any time you discuss a work of welcom to the, fiction or even a film or a work of art, you’re doing an analysis. • Being able to do it may count for as much as 80% of your grade, especially in a Humanities course such as Literature, Art, or Sociology. Writing a picture analysis essay requires a basic understanding of should not be legalized, essay structure and these visual communication techniques.

Excellent picture analysis essays combine both these elements while addressing the more ephemeral ideas and welcom to the, experiences communicated by a picture. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. Alex--I'm so glad you stopped by to Langston Hughes' in 'As I Grew, tell me that my work helped you! I've worked hard to make my articles as complete and easy to understand as possible. Having used many different textbooks in my career, I've noticed that many of them explain how to analyze writing but are not as good at explaining how to do that sort of writing yourself. Welcom To The Jungle? My goal has been to provide step by step instructions of how to write different kinds of essays. Thank you so much for this article! It's very helpful. Mary Norton 2 years ago from Ontario, Canada. I wish I had these guidelines when I was in university. It would have been easy to Essay Evidence-Based, write all those art analysis papers required in our Humanities class.

Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from song United States. Hi Paul--The videos attached to this article are one kind of of qualitative research, example and I actually just finished an example of song, doing a visual analysis on Langston Hughes' Message an advertisement for my own class but haven't posted it yet. I will have to do that soon. To The? Can you tell me what your assignment is like? Are they analyzing their own photo?

That would be interesting. I have all kinds of instructions on this website for research, different kinds of papers. Type the title of what you want into the HubPages search engine and you can pull them up. Or you can look at welcom song, my index of articles: https://hubpages.com/literature/College-English-He. This article is so helpful. I am teaching an Expository writing course (first time!) and i am having my kids try this, but with a personal photograph. Would you have an example essay that I can show them as a model? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States.

Jevon--I'm glad you learned a bit about how to Message in 'As I Grew Older', look at art and find it more interesting. We spent a lot of time going to art galleries this summer on vacation, and I really appreciated being able to use what I've learned about visual analysis when I was looking at the paintings. Even though this article was meant to teach me how to to the, write a better Visual Analysis Paper, this article really taught me how to better appreciate art. I'm not the type of person to go to Paper on Breast Cancer, an art gallery just to look at art, but now I believe I can actually give an intellectual thought on any painting I see. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from to the jungle song United States. Thanks for the comment nic. I probably need to add a link to my ariticle about organizing essays: I also have tips on structure in most of my articles on types of essays like Argument, Problem Solution or Cause. Langston Hughes' Message In 'As? For a full list of all of jungle, my Essay Writing Articles see: was hoping for an essay structure but this still helped.

Colin Neville 3 years ago. Excellent article; very comprehensive and useful, not just for students, but for anyone visiting an why marijuanas art gallery, too. K. R. H.Grace 3 years ago from Fairbanks, AK. I had to do one of those in my English 111 class way back when. It was fun but I wish I'd read this sooner. college teachers don't make a lick of sense :(. but good hub ;D. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and song, advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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