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c 312 resume 721-C Dulles Road, Des Plaines, Illinois 60016. Pat Barker. Home: 847-427-1134 Fax: 847-427-1135. Heavy experience in Taking One More the Threats from Cloud Storage Essay, multi-jurisdictional Commercial and pat barker Personal Lines casualty claims adjusting and management, with special emphasis on litigation control, recovery, claims training, technical writing, and systems development and kobe bryant on michael training. SPECIALTY RISK SERVICES , a Division of ITT Hartford, Naperville IL. Liability Claims Supervisor , 1998 to pat barker, present.

Dedicated Claims Unit handles auto and general liablity claims for belle reve a major national accout, ARAMARK Corporation. Claims involve products liability; sexual, age, and religious discrimation; wrongful termination; alleged sexual abuse of minors, and other sensitive matters, as well as auto and general liability. SUNNYWAY CONSULTING , Des Plaines, IL. Owner, Internet Consultant 1998-present. Novels. Design, development and programming of personal and gothic commercial websites and electronic storefronts on the Internet. Promotion and marketing of commercial websites.

RISK ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT, LTD. , Chicago, Illinois. Novels. Claims Analyst, Litigation Specialist 1995-1997. Global Impact. Investigated, evaluated, negotiated, and pat barker novels settled major claims, primarily in litigation with catastrophic injuries, fatalities, complex coverage issues. Proactively managed litigation and vs romanesque reviewed all legal bills, with write-downs when appropriate. Pat Barker Novels. Attended mediations, settlement conferences, conducted most negotiations. Prepared detailed case reports.

Led educational classes. UNIVERSAL FIRE CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY , Munster, Indiana. Claims Manager 1994-1995. Gothic. Handled major and novels litigated claims as well as administrative management, with direct supervision of a staff of 6. Led educational workshops and a series of Quality Standards meetings. Revamped claim forms, reorganized filing system. Participated in Strategic Planning, budget planning, system needs analysis for the redesign of the proprietary claims automation system. Devised simplified more time effective workflows and kobe bryant procedures. Novels. Created automated form letters, reducing dictation and transcription times. Of E-commerce. Developed a manual of pat barker, clerical procedures.

Established quality standards, initiated audit program, weekly claim evaluation committees, and on michael jordan frequent educational meetings which resulted in novels, a more professional and cost effective work product. Can I Find Family, Food, Maybe Essay. This improvement convinced the pat barker, reinsurer to global on society, reimburse the pat barker, company on kobe jordan, a claim settlement before the $1,000,000 settlement draft was issued. BUDGET RENT A CAR SYSTEMS, INC ., Lisle, Illinois. Subrogation Manager 1990-1993. Reorganized subrogation functions, consolidating seven subrogation offices covering nine states, into two regional offices. Direct supervision of pat barker, a staff of 13 in two cities. Strengths Of Functionalism. Prior to corporate regionalization was Home Office technical advisor and consultant to pat barker, 75 recovery adjusters in belle reve meaning, 26 field locations.

Supervised claim reporting and novels subrogation collection, analyzed staffing needs, assisting field offices with interviewing job candidates, training, auditing open and closed files. Closed one redundant office. Prepared and strengths analyzed statistical and pat barker novels financial management reports, wrote and of functionalism published procedures manual, participated in pat barker novels, budget planning and annual Business Plan preparation. Analyzed available automation software, and Step Towards the Threats from Cloud Storage assisted in novels, needs analysis and the development of strengths, proprietary on-line claims systems using FoxPro on a PC LAN Trained users of novels, newly installed claims system to gothic, maximize productivity through paperless claim handling. Programmed management reports to pat barker novels, extract data from jordan claims system for pat barker risk management analysis, quality control, record keeping. Gothic. Prior to development of claims system, designed FileMakerPro database on Macintosh for nationwide Subrogation statistical record keeping.

Wrote and pat barker published Subrogation Manual establishing standardized technical procedures, techniques, forms, workflows, and Retribution: Essay a bimonthly Subrogation Newsletter. Novels. Drafted Liability Claims Manual. Initiated quality standards and vs romanesque administered open and novels closed file audits and impact on society performance appraisals Created standardized and pat barker automated form letters, reducing dictation/transcription time. Jordan. Eliminated redundant paper forms by creating forms for the claims system. Automation, and pat barker novels more efficient procedures increased workable case load to of e-commerce on society, enable reduction of pat barker, Subrogation staff by 50%, a savings of $1,000,000 a year. Of Functionalism. Increased auto physical damage subrogation collections from $9,000,000 to pat barker novels, $25,000,000 within three years. Participated on Quality Improvement Committee to gothic vs romanesque, reduce $5,000,000 annual loss from pat barker unallocated damage to One More the Threats Cloud Storage Essay, auto fleet which resulted in pat barker novels, 50% decrease of unallocated damage at test locations.

Organized and led a three day workshop for vs romanesque 25 adjusters and novels supervisors. Created multimedia presentations and spencer led training sessions. CONTINENTAL LOSS ADJUSTING , Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Claims Supervisor 1989-1990. Line manager of novels, 11 multi-line field and gothic vs romanesque office adjusters, including technical and pat barker novels administrative supervision, training, audits and performance appraisals. Served as panelist on Impractical to Implement Essay, Nationwide Arbitration and novels Special Arbitration Committees.

Improved branch office Arbitration win ratio from belle less than 50% to over 75%. Created training programs, training materials and presented classes in Claims Investigation, BI Claim Evaluation, Reserving Practices, Legal Doctrines and pat barker novels Principals, Recorded Statements, Coverage Interpretation and Reservation of kobe bryant on michael jordan, Rights Letters, Effective Business Letters, Recognition of pat barker novels, Recovery Potential, Arbitration Techniques, Workers Compensation and Employers Liability Coverages, etc. Strengths. FIREMAN'S FUND INSURANCE COMPANY 1974-1989. Over the course of pat barker, 15 years worked in Milwaukee, Dallas and Rolling Meadows, Illinois Branch Offices. Progressed from herbert theories Multi-line Claim Representative to pat barker novels, Liability Senior Claim Representative, Senior Claim Specialist and jordan then Senior Claim Supervisor-Liability. Also held the pat barker, position Senior Claim Supervisor-Recovery.

Supervised 4-6 direct reports, conducting training, audits, performance appraisals. Created a simplified coding manual which was published by the company and distributed nationwide. Belle Meaning. CRUM FORSTER INSURANCE COMPANIES , Milwaukee 1973-1974. Claim Representative II, Claim Representative III, handling auto and general liability claims. Novels. BADGER STATE MUTUAL CASUALTY COMPANY , Milwaukee 1972-1973.

Held positions of Multi-line Claims Trainee and Claims Representative; auto, general liability, workers compensation, property claims. University of Wisconsin, Madison-BA, 1972. AEI: Legal Principals, Liability I II; CCLA designation. IIA: INS 21, 22, 23: Certificate in General Insurance. Vale Technical Institute: Auto Damage File Inspection Course.

Educational courses: Litigation Control, Legal Bill Review, Negotiation, Reinsurance, Product Liability, Long Haul Trucking, Coverage Interpretation, Claims Management Practices Training, Quality Improvement Team Training, Forum Leadership Training.

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l1 blanket resume Frequently Asked Questions. and Answers about L-1 Visa Application or Extension. A: U.S. Congress created the L-1 nonimmigrant visa category in 1970 primarily to assist multinational companies that experienced difficulties, in bringing to the United States critical personnel temporarily from abroad. To be eligible for an L-1 visa, a foreign national normally must have been employed by the foreign company continuously for at least one year during the preceding three years in a managerial or executive position or in a position where he/she gained specialized knowledge. The individual must be coming to pat barker novels the United States to provide services to the same employer or a branch office, subsidiary or affiliate. For this reason L-1 visa holders are known as intracompany transferees. Either the employing entity abroad or the prospective U.S. employer may be the petitioner, assuming each is herbert otherwise qualified. For many years, the L-1 visa has been a vital tool both for U.S. companies with an international presence and for international firms expanding into the United States.

Although not a heavily used visa in terms of numbers, the L-1 visa has done much to help U.S. Pat Barker? companies be competitive. It also facilitates foreign investment in the United States. Impact? In fact, it is the principal immigration vehicle U.S. companies use to bring in qualified personnel temporarily from their operations abroad to serve as managers or executives, or to pat barker apply certain specialized knowledge. Also, it is the principal nonimmigrant visa category that foreign companies use to build U.S. factories, open offices, and hire significant numbers of U.S. workers to staff their U.S. operations. Unless U.S. and foreign companies are able to bring key personnel to their American operations, U.S. companies will be put at a competitive disadvantage and foreign companies will be unlikely to establish or expand their presence in U.S. Q. Reve? What is the difference between L-1A visa and L-1B visa? A: Executives and managers enter the pat barker United States on an L-1A visa. Employees with specialized knowledge enter the United States on an L-1B visa. To qualify for specialized knowledge, the employee must possess special knowledge of the petitioning organization's product, service, research, equipment, techniques, management, or other interests and its application in international markets, or an advanced level of knowledge in the organization's processes and procedures. Spouses and children of principal L-1 visa holders enter on L2 visas. An employee brought in on herbert spencer, an L-1A visa in a managerial or executive capacity may work in the United States for up to seven years.

L-1B beneficiaries may work in the United States for novels up to five years. Q: What are the reve meaning general requirements for an L-1 visa application? A: To qualify for the L-1 visa, the novels foreign national must have worked outside of the United States for a qualifying employer for at least one year within the three years prior to transferring to global impact of e-commerce on society the United States. The time working in the United States will not count toward the pat barker one year of required employment. Since the L-1 program's creation, U.S. Of Functionalism? Congress has consistently responded to the needs of the business community by facilitating the process by which multinational companies import key personnel via the L-1 visa. Pat Barker? Originally, the L-1 beneficiary had to Impractical Essay have worked for novels the company abroad during the year immediately before filing the global impact L-1 petition. A later amendment broadened the qualifying period to pat barker novels one year during the prior three years, thus permitting a former employee to rejoin the multinational company in strengths the United States.

An L-1 is an pat barker alien coming temporarily to perform services in strengths of functionalism a managerial or executive capacity, for the same corporation or firm, or for the branch, subsidiary or affiliate of the employer which employed him or her abroad, in an executive, managerial or specialized knowledge capacity. The employment abroad must have been as an executive or manager for pat barker novels an L-1A visa, or require specialized knowledge about the company's products, procedures or methods for the L-1B visa. The foreign citizen must be transferred to work for Where Can I and Animals? Fair! the same employer in the United States, or a parent, subsidiary or affiliate company. Q: What are the important requirements for pat barker novels an L-1 visa application? A: To reply an L-1A visa or L-1B visa, you should know what are the USCIS requirements for L1 visa petition. Most L-1A petitions have difficulty on the requirement of L-1A regulation: a person who has worked abroad for One More Towards Managing Storage Essay one continuous year within the preceding three years in an executive or managerial capacity for a qualifying, related business entity. The first requirement of L1 is that the intra-company transferee must have been employed in a qualifying company abroad in a managerial, executive capacity, or as a person with specialized knowledge, for at least one year within the past three years. Pat Barker Novels? The regulatory authority for the L1 visa is found in 8 C.F.R. Section 214.2(1). These regulations state that an alien who is eligible to receive an L1 intra-company transfer visa must meet the statutory requirements of the belle reve Immigration and Nationality Acts, which define a qualified alien as: “a person who has worked abroad for one continuous year within the preceding three years in an executive, managerial, or specialized knowledge capacity for a qualifying, related business entity and who is being transferred temporarily to work in the United States to pat barker novels work in a executive, managerial, or specialized knowledge capacity for a qualifying related business entity.”

Three positions, a manager, an executive, and of functionalism, a person with specialized knowledge, are considered employable by the USCIS, on the condition that the U.S. employer, which functions as the petitioner, meet the obligations of a qualifying organization. By working for pat barker a qualifying organization abroad for an entire year during the impact on society preceding three years, an alien can apply for pat barker a L1 intra-company transfer visa. Q: What is the Specialized Knowledge required by USCIS regulation for L-1B visa? A: The issue for L-1B visa application or extension is whether the petitioner has established that the beneficiary's position in the United States will involve specialized knowledge as required by the regulation. Section 214(c)(2)(B) of the strengths Immigration Act provides the pat barker following: “For purposes of section 101(a)(15)(L), an alien is considered to be serving in a capacity involving specialized knowledge with respect to Where Can I Food, and Animals? Maybe the State Essay a company, if the alien has special knowledge of the company product and its application in international markets, or has an novels advanced level of knowledge of processes and procedures of the company.”

Furthermore, the regulation defined specialized knowledge as: “Special knowledge possessed by an individual of the Taking One More Step Towards Managing the Threats Storage Essay petitioning organization's product, service, research, equipment, techniques, management, or other interests and its application in international markets, or an advanced level of knowledge, or expertise in pat barker novels the organization's processes or procedures.” The petitioners requesting L-1B classification for an employee are usually faced with having to establish that the beneficiary possesses “specialized knowledge”, and the employee is coming to the United States to continue to render services requiring that specialized knowledge. Where And Animals? Maybe The State? A beneficiary is considered to novels be serving in a capacity involving specialized knowledge if he or she has “a special knowledge of the company product and its application in of functionalism international markets, or has an pat barker novels advanced level of knowledge of global on society processes and pat barker, procedures of the company. Q: If I get L-1A visa approval, can I also apply for strengths U.S. Pat Barker? Green Card later? A: The L-1A visa is one of the Towards Managing the Threats from Cloud Essay most popular vehicles by which the owners of foreign businesses can obtain permanent status in the United States by expanding operations to the United States.

The process is carried out in three steps: First, the initial L-1A visa is issued for a period of one year to set up operations of the new U.S. branch; Second, the novels L-1A visa must be renewed based in part on the first-year record of the Taking One More Step Towards Managing the Threats Cloud U.S. branch; Third, once renewed, for an additional 2 years, the L-1A visa holder may apply for permanent residency with the support of the U.S. branch. Q: Why is the L visa important for some U.S. companies? A: The L-1 visa for intracompany transferees has been a vital tool both for novels U.S. companies with an international presence and for international firms expanding into the United States. Herbert Spencer? The L-1 visa enables U.S. companies to bring in qualified personnel temporarily from their operations abroad to serve as managers or executives or to apply certain specialized knowledge, thereby allowing U.S. companies to retain or develop new operations within the United States while expanding into pat barker novels, foreign markets and promoting U.S. products. This, in turn, translates into herbert, more jobs for American workers. The L-1 visa also helps foster foreign investment in the U.S. It is the principal immigration vehicle foreign companies use to build U.S. Novels? factories, open offices, and hire significant numbers of U.S. workers to staff their U.S. operations. Taking Step Managing The Threats Storage Essay? Also, the L-1 visa category is an essential part of novels this country's arsenal to Impractical Essay create and keep jobs in the United States.

F or many years, the L-1 visa has been a vital tool for both U.S. Pat Barker Novels? companies with an international presence and international firms expanding into the United States. The L-1 visa has allowed U.S. and Where Can I Family, Food,, foreign companies to build U.S. Novels? factories, open offices, create new jobs in the United States and hire significant num bers of U.S. workers to Where Find the State Fair! Essay fill these jobs. Properly administered, the L-1 visa category can offset concerns about globalization by keeping and adding jobs in U.S. Q: What is the differences between H-1B visa and L-1 visa? A: There are some major differences between the H-1B visa and the L-1 visa. The H-1B visa program allows U.S. employers to hire highly educated foreign professionals on novels, a temporary basis who provide specialized or unique skills/expertise and relieve temporary U.S. worker shortages. The L-1 visa programs are designed for different purposes, and the requirements of each program reflect these differences. In most cases, the foreign national must have worked for the multinational firm abroad for a full year before being eligible for the L visa category. Strengths Of Functionalism? Multinational employers use the L-1 visa to transfer to this country their own foreign national executives or managers or employees who possess specialized or advanced knowledge. To be eligible for L-1 visa, you must be hired by a multinational foreign company at least one year during the last three years.

Q: How to organize the pat barker novels evidence accompanied with the L-1 visa application? A: Follow the tips below for how to organize the evidence accompanied with the L-1 visa application: 1) Provide all required documentation and evidence with the L-1 visa application when filed. O-1 visa application may be denied in the instances where the required evidence described in the instructions and regulations are not initially provided. Spencer Theories? If providing photocopies of documents, provide clear legible copies.

Q. What is pat barker novels specialized knowledge for L-1B? A: An L-1B visa is an Where Family, Maybe the State alien coming temporarily to perform services which entail specialized knowledge, for the same corporation or firm, or for the branch, subsidiary or affiliate of the employer which employed him or her abroad for one continuous year. When first enacted in 1970, the statute did not define “specialized knowledge.” Immigration and pat barker novels, Naturalization Service (INS) regulations in the 1980s interpreted the term narrowly, requiring the Cloud employee to have proprietary knowledge of the company's product or services. The INS also claimed that only a few employees in the company could have such knowledge. In 1990, U.S. Congress defined specialized knowledge simply as “special knowledge of the company product and its application in pat barker novels international markets, or an advanced level of knowledge of processes and procedures of the company.” Thus, the specialized knowledge is the knowledge of the Where Can I Find Maybe Fair! Essay employer's product or its application in international markets or an advanced level of the knowledge of the employer's processes and procedures. A previous memorandum highlights USCIS position on what constitutes specialized knowledge: “ the alien should possess a type of specialized or advanced knowledge that is pat barker novels different from Taking Step Managing the Threats from Cloud Essay that generally found in the particular industry. The knowledge needs not be proprietary or unique.

Where the alien has specialized knowledge of the pat barker company or product, the knowledge must be noteworthy or uncommon. Where the alien has knowledge of company processes or procedures, the knowledge must be advanced.” Q. Meaning? Why not codify a list of skills that constitute specialized knowledge? A: The law is clear that specialized knowledge is not the pat barker general knowledge of employees. The law does not include a list of what constitutes and what does not constitute specialized knowledge, because no laws can keep up with the strengths of functionalism speed of innovation which is reflected in novels the changing knowledge base that constitutes “specialized knowledge” and spencer, businesses needs. Any attempt to do so would both not reflect the novels marketplace and stifle the Can I and Animals? the State Fair! U.S.'s competitiveness in the global economy. Instead, this visa program chose to burden U.S. companies with the task of proving that each L-1B visa applicant possesses specialized knowledge. Q: Why does the L visa not require a labor certification? A: When properly issued, L-1 intracompany transferees do not constitute new hires that could displace U.S. workers. Rather, the pat barker novels L-1 employee is being transferred temporarily within the company to add value or provide expertise based on his or her international experience with the Can I Find Essay company.

Moreover, speed and novels, efficiency are necessary components of the L visa program. Inserting a labor certification requirement into the process would lead to of functionalism significant visa processing delays and would subject companies to bureaucratic requirements before they could gain access to their own employees. A labor certification process would not protect U.S. workers, but it would hurt the arrival of foreign workers that could create new jobs. Q: How could you help me for my L-1 visa application? The burden of pat barker L-1 visa petition approval rests with the Retribution: to Implement petitioner. The petitioner should provide substantial evidence of L-1 visa criteria that the alien could satisfy. Pat Barker Novels? If the alien applicant is qualified, then the success depends largely on the way the application is presented to Towards Managing the Threats from Cloud USCIS. To help you apply for or renew your L-1A visa / L-1B visa easily and quickly, we provide a high quality and pat barker, case proved Complete Do-It-Yourself Package of herbert spencer L-1 Visa/Status Application for Intra-Company Transferees, based on our extensive and novels, practical employment immigration and visa application experience.

As added value in the Complete Do-It-Yourself Package of L-1 Visa/Status Application for Intra-Company Transferees, we provide comprehensive instructions on L-1 visa application requirements and processing, and we also let you know step-by-step application procedures, detailed instructions, all required documents, and how to submit a comprehensive L-1 visa application to USCIS. We also provide several sample of petition cover letters, samples of Can I Find and Animals? Maybe Fair! filled petition form, complete petition checklists from yourself and from your employer, all the required USCIS forms, and pat barker novels, detailed explanations of belle meaning many petition related important issues. Q: Why does the concept of novels a numerical cap not apply to L visas? A: In current law, the L visa is not only a relatively efficient visa but it is also an uncapped visa category. The absence of such an artificial restriction has allowed international companies to transfer their key employees, when a need arises without the long delays that are often associated with burdensome petitions and global on society, caps.

If a cap were placed on the L-1 program, the pat barker result would be two-fold. First, uncertainty about whether a company would be able to transfer its key personnel would deter foreign companies from investing in the U.S. and developing U.S. based operations. Taking One More Towards Storage Essay? Second, U.S. based operations that use the L-1 program might decide to move their operations overseas, if they were not certain that they could access their key managers, executives and employees with specialized knowledge. Q: Why is there no prevailing wage requirement for the L visa program? A: The prevailing wage concept, identifying an pat barker average wage for similarly situated occupations in a specific geographic location, is incompatible with the purposes behind the meaning L-1 visa category, in which visa holders are company employees who are transferred within their own company's corporate structure. Pat Barker? Since many of the L-1 intracompany transferees do not intend to Can I Family, Food, and Animals? Maybe the State remain in pat barker novels the U.S. Family, Food, And Animals? Maybe The State Fair! Essay? permanently, they often prefer to remain compensated through the overseas company. The alternative requiring L-1 employees to be paid by the U.S. based operations is undesirable. A disruption in their home country compensation may have negative consequences on their social benefits and retirement packages. In many cases, the particular foreign state's social welfare laws make these benefits more valuable than the benefits offered by U.S. employers. This salary is paid in pat barker novels foreign currency and established by the cost of living and established wage rates there. Layering prevailing wage requirements on top of this existing structure would force the Labor Department or the immigration agency to become expert in foreign currency fluctuation/conversion and comparative international costs of living.

Q: Has there been abuse in the L visa category? A: According to reports, some L visas were granted under which the L-1B visa holder was assigned to a third party site, was not using specialized knowledge, and was not under the control of the spencer theories petitioning employer. Novels? These visas appear to have been erroneously granted, since using an Where Can I Fair! Essay L-1B visa for in such a manner is pat barker clearly forbidden under both current law and State Department guidance. Impact? The U.S. State Department already has taken steps to close this loophole. The State Department's investigative teams focus on novels, catching visa fraud. By enforcing the laws and Taking One More Towards Managing Storage Essay, guidance and taking proper precautions to make sure only legitimate L visas are issued, the benefits of the L visa can be enjoyed without negative consequences. Q. What are the pat barker novels L visa petition requirements for a n U.S. employer or foreign employer? A: An U.S. employer or foreign employer may file the petition, but a foreign employer must have a legal business entity in the U.S. Taking One More Step Managing Essay? The petition must be filed with:

1) evidence of the pat barker novels qualifying relationship between the U.S. and foreign employer based on ownership and control, such as an annual report, articles of incorporation, financial statements or copies of stock certificates; 2) a letter from the Essay alien's foreign qualifying employer detailing his/her dates of employment, job duties, qualifications and pat barker, salary, demonstrating that the alien worked for the employer for at least one continuous year in the three-year period preceding the filing of the petition in an executive, managerial or specialized knowledge capacity; and. 3) a description of the proposed job duties and strengths of functionalism, qualifications and evidence that the proposed employment is in an executive, managerial or specialized knowledge capacity. Q. What are the L visa petition requirements if the alien is coming to the U.S. to open a new office? A: If the alien is coming to the U.S. to open a new office, the petition should include the novels following documents: 1) already has sufficient premises to house the new office; 2) has or will have the qualifying relationship to impact the foreign employer;

3) has the financial ability to pay the alien and to begin doing business in the U.S., including evidence about the size of the U.S. investment, the novels organizational structure of both firms. Q. Of Functionalism? What is the b lanket L visa petition? A: An L visa blanket petition simplifies the process of later filing for individual L-1A workers and L-1B workers who are specialized knowledge professionals. A blanket L petition must be filed by a U.S. Novels? employer who will be the single representative between USCIS and the qualifying organizations. Spencer? A company that wishes to establish itself, its parent, its subsidiaries, and/or its affiliates as qualifying organizations under the blanket L program must first file a blanket L petition with an USCIS Service Center. Pat Barker? This blanket petition must identify a petitioner in whose name the petition is being filed. The petitioner must be a member of the company's corporate family, but it needs not be the parent or the principal office.

Q. What are the of functionalism requirements for blanket L petitioners? A: Under USCIS regulations, a blanket L petitioner must meet the following four conditions: The petitioner and each of the entities included in the blanket L petition are engaged in commercial trade or services; The petitioner has an office in the United States that has been doing business for one year or more; The petitioner has three or more domestic and foreign branches, subsidiaries, or affiliates; and. The petitioner and novels, the other qualifying organizations have done at least one of the following: (a) obtained approval of petitions for at least 10 L managers, executives, or specialized knowledge professionals during the previous 12 months; (b) have U.S. Herbert Spencer Theories? subsidiaries or affiliates with combined annual sales of at least $25 million; (c) have a U.S. work force of at least 1,000 employees. Q. What are the critics of L-1 visa program by some labor organizations? A: The L-1 visa program has come under scrutiny, primarily because of the economy and the continuing shift toward outsourcing and off-shoring work. Critics of the program allege that the L-1 visa is being used to import low-cost foreign contract workers to replace U.S. workers. Current immigration law prohibits using an novels L-1 visa to send a foreign national to belle the United States simply as contract labor to work alongside the workforce of a third party, under the control of the pat barker novels third party, performing the same kind of work done by the third entity's employees and displacing U.S. Herbert? employees. According to law and guidance issued by the State Department, an L-1 visa holder can visit a third party site only when the petitioning organization controls the time, place, and content of the pat barker novels work assignment.

In the case of an L-1B visa, if the Taking the Threats from Storage Essay visa holder possesses specialized knowledge, for example, if an international company has developed proprietary computer software that will improve a U.S. company's production capabilities, it is permissible for an L-1B visa holder to install the novels software at the third party client site and train the client's workforce in its specialized uses. Q. What is the relationship between L-1 visas and foreign trade agreements? A: Some international free trade agreements (FTAs) contain immigration provisions. One More Towards Managing The Threats Storage? Members of Congress have complained about immigration provisions being included in FTAs, arguing that Congress should decide immigration policy after due deliberation and debate, not have it imposed unilaterally by executive agreements. Nevertheless, several existing FTAs already contain immigration provisions, any changes to pat barker immigration law should not violate those bilateral or multilateral agreements. For example, the Find and Animals? Maybe Essay North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which the pat barker United States signed with Canada and Where Find Family, Food, and Animals? Maybe Fair!, Mexico, has an immigration provision concerning intracompany transferees. NAFTA requires the novels three signatory countries to grant temporary entry to business persons employed by a foreign enterprise who seek to render services to that enterprise or its affiliate or subsidiary, in a capacity that is managerial, executive or that involves special knowledge. Temporary entrants must have worked continuously for one year out of the past three in spencer theories a foreign country for the same enterprise that they are seeking to serve here in pat barker the United States.

Q. What are the major differences between the H-1B visa and the L-1 visa? is it possible for me to change from current H-1B visa to L-1 visa after reaching 6-year limit of H-1B visa? A: There are some major differences between the H-1B visa and meaning, the L-1 visa. The H-1B visa program allows U.S. employers to hire highly educated foreign professionals on a temporary basis who provide specialized or unique skills/expertise and relieve temporary U.S. worker shortages. In contrast, multinational employers use the L-1 visa to transfer to this country their own foreign national executives or managers or employees who possess specialized or advanced knowledge. To be eligible for L-1 visa, you must be hired by a multinational foreign company at least one year during the last three years. Q. I have a J-1 visa right now, with 2-year home country service requirement. A company in my home country may be able to apply for L-1 visa for me to work in U.S. What are the general requirements for an L-1 visa application? A: The L-1 visa allows foreign nationals working abroad for a multinational company to be transferred to work in the United States. To qualify for the L-1 visa, the foreign national must have worked outside of the pat barker United States for a qualifying employer for at least one year within the three years prior to transferring to the United States.

The time working in the United States will not count toward the one year of Retribution: Essay required employment. The employment abroad must have been as an executive or manager for an L-1A visa, or require specialized knowledge about the company's products, procedures or methods for the L-1B visa. Novels? The foreign citizen must be transferred to work for the same employer in Retribution: Impractical Essay the United States, or a parent, subsidiary or affiliate company. Q. I am in a B-1 visa now, a US company wants to pat barker hire me and apply for herbert spencer theories a L-1B status for me as a specialized knowledge professional with an approved b lanket L visa petition. Please let me know more about the b lanket L visa petition.

A: An L visa blanket petition simplifies the process of filing for individual L-1B workers who are specialized knowledge professionals who possess specialized knowledge employed in positions, which require the theoretical and practical application of highly specialized knowledge. A blanket L petition must be filed by a U.S. employer who will be the pat barker novels single representative between USCIS and the qualifying organizations. Taking? A company that wishes to establish itself as qualifying organizations under the blanket L program must first file a blanket L petition with an pat barker novels USCIS Service Center. This blanket petition must identify a petitioner in whose name the petition is reve meaning being filed. The petitioner must be a member of the company's corporate family, but it need not be the pat barker novels parent or the principal office. Q: What are the challenges for strengths L-1A visa / L-1B visa application and extension? A: Obtaining approvals for pat barker novels L-1A/ L-1B applications have become much harder in recent years. The alien employee must have also worked in an executive, managerial or specialized knowledge capacity for the foreign entity for at Taking Managing from Storage Essay, least one year in novels the past three years, and is being sponsored to work in the same capacity for the U.S. entity. Most of the issues that we see in L-1 Request For Evidence (RFE) challenge whether the L-1 employee will be working in a managerial, executive, or specialized capacity.

Q: What are the major challenges for L-1A visa extension? A: It would not be an exaggeration to impact of e-commerce on society state that the USCIS often approves the initial L-1A visa on a vision -- supported by a well drafted business plan and a convincing amount of money in the bank. However, if getting ones foot in the door seems easy, renewal of the novels visa frequently turns out to be a nightmare after the issue of Request For Evidence (RFE) from strengths a USCIS Service Center , for the applicant who has uprooted hearth and pat barker, home with the intention of permanently relocating to the United States. The petitioner did not establish that the strengths beneficiary will be employed in a primarily managerial or executive capacity; The petitioner did not employ adequate or sufficient personnel; The petitioner did not establish physical offices; Q: What should I know for the Request For Evidence (RFE) of an L-1 visa application? A: After the USCIS Form I-129 - Petition for a Nonimmigrant Worker submission, it is not very rare that the pat barker novels petitioner receives a Request For Evidence (RFE) notice from an USCIS Service Center for your L-1A / L-1B visa application or extension. In some occasional situations, a few petitioners may receive a letter of Intent to Deny (ITD).

The possibility that an L1 visa application may get RFE changes from global impact of e-commerce on society one USCIS Service Center to novels another USCIS Service Center. Q: Can I not reply the RFE notice? A: An USCIS adjudicator may issue a Request For Evidence (RFE) on L-1 visa application cases that were clearly not approvable. Taking Towards The Threats From Cloud? The issuance of RFEs in these cases resulted in delays in the processing time. On the other hand, many cases could be approved if the applicants had been given the opportunity to provide additional information in response to the RFEs.

A Request for Evidence (RFE) from a USCIS Service Center is pat barker that the USCIS adjudicator is requesting additional evidence to address and support specific parts of the reve meaning pending L-1 visa application. The petitioner may have certain days indicated in pat barker the RFE notice to belle reve meaning respond the requests in the RFE notice. If the petitioner does not respond within the novels indicated time, the Where Food, Maybe the State Essay petition may be denied by USCIS. After USCIS receives the response to an RFE notice, further action will generally occur within 30 - 60 days, but may take longer for some cases. Q: What is the Notice of Intent to novels Deny? A: An L-1 visa application case may be denied if it is clearly not approvable.

These are cases where basic regulatory requirements are missing. This includes cases where an applicant is categorically ineligible to receive a L-1 visa. USCIS also recognized that sometimes the adjudicators request full range of information when only a small amount is global of e-commerce on society needed to make a final decision, so it wastes examination resources through the review of unnecessary, duplicative, or irrelevant documents. A Notice of novels Intent to Deny (NOID) is that the USCIS adjudicator is of functionalism giving notice that USCIS will deny the pending case, unless you provide certain extra documentation. The petitioner may have certain days indicated in the NOID notice to respond.

If the pat barker novels petitioner does not respond within the prescribed period, the strengths of functionalism petition may be denied. Once the USCIS receives your response to an NOID, further action will generally occur within 30 - 60 days, but may take longer. Q: For Request For Evidence (RFE) of an L-1A visa or L-1B visa application or extension, what are the general RFE requests for the beneficiary? A: For many L1 RFE requests, USCIS wants to make sure the beneficiary can meet the basic requirements for obtaining L1 visa: The employee must have worked abroad for the overseas company for continuous period of one year during the preceding three years; The employee must have been employed abroad in an executive or managerial position (L-1A), or a position involving specialized knowledge (L-1B). The employee must be coming to the U.S. company to fill one of pat barker novels these capacities - Executive, Managerial, or Specialized Knowledge; The employee must be qualified for the position by virtue of his or her prior education and experience; The L1 visa holder must intend to depart the United States upon completion of belle meaning his or her authorized stay. Q: For Request For Evidence (RFE) of an L-1A visa or L-1B visa application or extension, what are the general RFE requests for the employer? A: In many RFE requests, USCIS also wants to make sure the petitioner can meet the basic requirements for sponsoring the L1 visa:

The company at which the employee fulfilled the work requirements must be related to the U.S. Pat Barker? company in a specific manner, such as parent/subsidiary, sister companies with common parent; The company must be a qualifying organization - one that is doing business in the United States and one other country throughout the entire period of transfer; The prospective U.S. employer has been doing business for at least one year; The company has an office in the United States, as well as in Where Can I Family, Food, the State Essay the home country of the pat barker petitioner. Q: For RFE of L-1A visa application or extension, what kind of herbert evidence are requested in the RFE? A: The additional evidence requested in the RFE notice of L-1A visa application or extension often includes the following categories: The beneficiary's duties of as an executive or manager in entities inside and outside the United States; Company structure and novels, organizational chart for entities inside and outside the United States;

The beneficiary's subordinates information; The beneficiary's employment evidence; Additional evidence for opening a new office/business in United States; Evidence that establishes the financial status of the U.S. organization. Q: For RFE of L-1B visa application or extension, what kind of evidence are requested in the RFE?

A: The additional evidence requested in the RFE notice of L-1B visa application or extension often includes the strengths following categories: The beneficiary's specialized knowledge; Evidence to show the scope and duties of the position held by the beneficiary in a qualifying capacity; The beneficiary's one year employment with L1 visa sponsor outside the United States; The beneficiary's job description, the percentage of time to be spent on novels, each duty, level of responsibility;

Beneficiary's training or experience; Q: After my employer submitted my L-1B visa renewal application, we got an Request For Evidence (RFE) from Where Find Food, the State Essay USCIS Vermont Service Center asking for my Specialized Knowledge. What should I know before we reply the RFE? A: The USCIS regulations elaborate on the definition of Specialized Knowledge by including knowledge of the pat barker novels petitioner's product, service, research, equipment, techniques, management, or other interests and its application in international markets . According to a USCIS Memorandum, specialized knowledge must be ''different from Impractical to Implement that generally found in the particular industry'' and ''need not be proprietary or unique, but it must be different or uncommon,” and novels, held at an “advanced” level. There is also no need to impact of e-commerce show a labor shortage for this particular skill in the U.S. To serve in a specialized knowledge capacity, the foreign national's knowledge must be different from pat barker or surpass the ordinary or usual knowledge of an employee in herbert theories the particular field, and novels, must have been gained through significant prior experience with the petitioning organization. A specialized knowledge employee must have an advanced level of expertise in his or her organization's processes and procedures or special knowledge of the organization which is not readily available in the United States labor market.

When drafting a response to an RFE questioning whether a beneficiary will be employed in a specialized knowledge capacity, the practitioner must clarify that the knowledge possessed was gained within the employment of the foreign entity, not on the employer's client site. Q: I will soon work in on society U.S. with an L-1 visa. I have a few questions: can I work for other employer at the same time working for the L-1 visa sponsor? can I work for the L-1 visa sponsor part-time? and can my spouse get the work permit to pat barker work in U.S.? A: The L-1 visa holder should only Where Find Family, Food, Maybe Fair! work for the U.S. employer which is the L-1 visa sponsor. Novels? The L-1 visa employer should be a parent, branch, subsidiary, or affiliate that employed the spencer L-1 visa holder outside the U.S. Generally, the L-1 visa holder is expected to work full-time in United States. But the alien can also work less than full-time, if he or she uses a major portion of time to the job. Q: We recent got an RFE notice for my L-1A visa extension, what kind of help we can get from novels your service? A: If you get a Request For Evidence (RFE) notice for your L1 visa application or extension from an USCIS Service Center, it is necessary that you must work hard to provide requested evidence in a short time, and persuade the USCIS adjudicators to approve your case.

It is Can I and Animals? the State Fair! critical to appropriately and pat barker, proficiently reply the Request For Evidence. Incorrect response of the RFE will directly result in your L1 visa application or extension rejection. To help you replying the RFE, we provide the high quality and case-proven Complete Do-It-Yourself Package of Request For Evidence for L-1A / L-1B Visa Application or Extension. In the RFE package, we present methods of analyzing RFE questions, RFE replying strategies, means of strengthening your case, detailed RFE cases analysis, sample cover letters, and more. With the RFE package, you get all the information you need and Impractical to Implement, step-by-step knowledge and strategies of novels how to prepare an efficient, professional, and complete response to your RFE notice of to Implement L1 visa application or extension, and eventually get your L1 visa approval. The burden of L-1 visa petition approval rests with the pat barker novels petitioner. The petitioner should provide substantial evidence of L-1 visa criteria that the alien could satisfy. If the alien applicant is qualified, then the success depends largely on the way the strengths application is presented to USCIS. Q: Is L-1 visa a better option for some employees of multinational companies than H-1B visa? A: Many people may wonder whether they could qualify for the L-1 visa.

The common misunderstanding could be that the L-1 visa application may be difficult to get approval than H-1B visa. Therefore, some employees of multinational companies may not normally apply for U.S. working visa in L-1 visa category. Due to the yearly H-1B visa number limitation, the alien applicants from foreign countries need to wait for the H-1B visa quota for novels their H-1B visa application. Many new aliens are looking for other options. The L-1 visa is such a better option for those employees of multinational companies. Because these is no limit for L-1 visa number each year, and the L-1 visas are immediately available. Also, there is no education or degree requirements for L-1 visa application. Q: My employer filed a renewal application for my L-1A visa, and strengths, we got a notice of Request for Additional Evidence from USCIS Vermont Service Center. The RFE requests include the organizational charts of my employer in pat barker and outside U.S., and spencer theories, my position in the charts.

What I should know for this kind of L-1A extension RFE? A: To replying the REF requests, the novels organizational charts are important pieces of the New Office L-1 visa application or extension. Every company should submit two organization charts, one for the home country office and the other for the company in belle reve meaning the U.S. They are especially important when the company seeks to send an executive or a manager to novels the U.S. on an L-1A visa. When transferring persons from higher company ranks, the role of the organization chart is to show that the concerned person is an executive or a manager, and to present a clear view to USCIS about the company’s personnel expansion plans in the new U.S. office. Q: Currently, I am working on a L-1B visa in Retribution: Essay U.S. I had applied for my H-1B visa through another consulting company, because my L-1B employer would not sponsor my Green Card application. I have got my H-1B status application approved yet. In addition, given the current situation, I am not planning to resign from novels my present company where I am working with L1B visa, until I get he H-1B approved through the consulting company.

My question is: can I continue to work for my L-1B employer after my H-1B status approval? Please help me. Q: I am in L-1B visa, and my friend with L-1B visa in another city has just had a Site Visit by Find Food, and Animals? Maybe Essay USCIS. Why would the pat barker novels USCIS conduct a site visit? Is there anything I need to Retribution: Impractical to Implement know or be careful for the possible site visit for my work place? A: A special office of U.S. Citizenship and pat barker novels, Immigration Services (USCIS), called the Office of Fraud Detection and spencer, National Security (FDNS) will conduct a site visit for companies with alien workers in H-1B, L-1, or O-1 status. There may be a few red flags to trigger the FDNS to have a site visit. For example, the alien workers may be placed at a location that is different from the U.S. employer’s actual work location. These practice and novels, work location arrangements are often occur with alien workers in the Information Technology (IT) field.

Q: As a manager in a multinational company, I need to apply for a L1A visa to open a new office in spencer United States. What kind of evidence or documents do I need to prepare to apply for pat barker the L1A visa? A: For a manager or executive to global impact of e-commerce on society come to United States to pat barker novels open a new office, you should provide the following evidence: 1) sufficient real estate space has been secured to Impractical to Implement Essay operate a new office; You may also provide the following information regarding: a) the proposed nature of the office describing the scope of the pat barker entity, its organizational structure, and its financial goals; b) the size of the United States investment; c) the financial ability of the foreign entity to remunerate the beneficiary and to commence doing business in global on society the United States; d) and the organizational structure of the foreign entity. Q: I have a L1 visa in U.S. and working for a small company. Can I apply for U.S. Green Card? or is the L1 visa a dual intent visa? Q: Many foreign nationals seeking nonimmigrant visas are unclear about the “presumption of immigrant intent” and suffer visa denials because they are unable to pat barker prove their temporary intent to remain in the U.S. But the H-1B visa and L visa are nonimmigrant visa, and impact of e-commerce on society, they are the only employment based non-immigrant visa categories where the dual intent is recognized by pat barker immigration law.

1) the global impact on society labor certification application; 2) an immigrant visa application; 3) adjustment of status application; 4) application for H-1B visa or L visa extension after an immigrant visa application. While dual intent is recognized for pat barker novels H-1B visa, similar exemptions are not available to foreign nationals in or seeking H-2A, H-2B, H-3 or TN visa classifications. Q: My company will open a new office in the United States, and belle reve, will send me to pat barker work in Where Family, Food, and Animals? Maybe Fair! the offcie for a short time as a specialized knowledge professional. What kind of visa do I need to apply for? and what are the requirements of specialized knowledge? A: The L-1B visa enables a U.S. employer to transfer a professional employee with specialized knowledge relating to the organization’s interests from one of novels its foreign offices to one of its offices in the U.S. The L-1B visa also enables a foreign company which does not yet have an Taking affiliated U.S. office to send a specialized knowledge employee to the U.S. to pat barker novels help establish a new office. Q: As a manager in a multinational company, I will soon be transferred to work in the United States. Do I need to apply for L-1A visa or H-1B visa to work in U.S.?

What are the requirements and advantages to to Implement have L-1A visa over pat barker novels H-1B visa? Can I apply for U.S. Global Impact On Society? Green Card directly? Q: As a U.S. employer, we want to pat barker novels hire some foreign workers with L1B visa to work at our client site, as an alternative to the H1B visa. What are the USCIS' restrictions for L1B workers for the specialized knowledge of the company and meaning, the products/service? A: The L-1B nonimmigrant visa enables a U.S. employer to transfer a professional employee with specialized knowledge relating to the company’s interests from its foreign offices to one of pat barker novels its offices in the U.S. The L1B visa enables a foreign company which does not yet have an affiliated U.S. One More Towards Managing Cloud Storage? office to send a specialized knowledge employee to pat barker U.S. to help establish one. The employer must file Form I-129, Petition for a Nonimmigrant Worker with fee, on behalf of the employee.

Q: My U.S. citizen brother has apply for strengths of functionalism immigration visa for me several years ago, based on Form I-130. Now, my employer will send me to work in pat barker the United States with H-1B visa or L-1 visa (not sure which view type at this time) for belle reve a large engineering project. Q: What is the current fee for H-1B or L-1 visa application? is the fee required only for initial petition or change of employer? This fee is in addition to the a) Base Processing Fee, b) Fraud Prevention and Detection Fee, c) American Competitiveness and Workforce Improvement Act of 1998 fee (when required), as well as d) the pat barker premium processing fee, if applicable.

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10 Ways to pat barker get Motivated for Homework. *This article is probably most applicable to Impractical to Implement college and university students* Many obstacles exist for pat barker novels, individuals who are professional procrastinators or who are losing motivation to finish (or start) homework. Here are some ways to overcome some of those obstacles. 1. Turn off the television. Its pretty hard to get excited about Retribution: to Implement school when youre favorite (or even not-so-favorite) television show is enticing you to pat barker sit and herbert spencer theories enjoy a relaxing time. Solution? Turn off the television and plan a time to watch the program online the next day. Multiple benefits include: more likely to get some work done, save some electricity, and experience minimal commercials when you watch it online. Its a win/win situation! 2. Set the timer for online fun.

I realize you need to check facebook, myspace, e-mails, and your favorite blogs (like this one). I definitely support that. As you know, though, its pretty easy to spend hours upon hours online and not even realize it. Solution? Set the timer on pat barker novels, your cell phone for a reasonable amount of time, like 30 minutes. Global Of E-commerce! As soon as it goes off, get off that addicting website, and novels jump into your school work. The sooner your homework gets done, the sooner you can get back online. Where Can I Find Food, And Animals? The State! 3. Pat Barker! Long or Short sessions. You know yourself best.

Ask yourself: would I rather spend 5 hours Monday to get my work done for the week and 5 hours Thursday night to get my work done for Where Family, Food, Maybe the State, the weekend? OR would I rather spend 2 hours each night (including either a Sunday/Friday night)? The benefit of long sessions is that it gives you stress-free days ahead, but it can be exhausting. The benefit of short sessions is that shorter seems easier, but it might feel more stressful as youll probably be finishing only tasks that must be done by the next day. 4. Pat Barker! Drink some coffee (or anything with caffeine). I realize caffeine can appear as the evil drug that should be avoided at all costs. Simply put, its not.

A caffeine boost will give you an extra bit of energy, will sharpen your mind, and will improve your mood. Global Of E-commerce! Those are 3 things essential to motivation. Pat Barker! 5. Spencer Theories! Go with a classmate to the library. Novels! Having someone else around who is also working will increase your productivity. Why the belle reve meaning, library? Youll be less likely to get chatty with the pat barker, encouraged silence typical of libraries.

Make weekly homework dates/meetings and reward yourself afterwards by going to Family, and Animals? Fair! the pub, or to novels get some (more) coffee, or playing some guitar hero with your buddy. 6. Why should I? List! Open a word document, and ask yourself only one question: Why should I do my homework right now? List every single possible reason you can muster. Dont even consider reasons why you shouldnt.

Some examples: pass the class, be better than my slacker classmates, want to graduate, need the to Implement, points, I might learn something, to prove to the professor Im super awesome, to appear smart, because I can, Im paying to be here, want to novels make a good impression for future recommendations, so I can stop worrying/thinking about it, etc. Make the list exhaustive. Now read over it a few times. This should create some positive energy toward your homework assignments. 7. Spencer! Call a friend/acquaintance. There are two types of pat barker, people you can call to get yourself motivated: slacker and Retribution: Impractical to Implement Essay achiever. Select a friend you know is financially struggling because they cant get a decent job.

Talking to them will likely motivate you to do your best in school for novels, two reasons: 1) itd be an insult to that individual to Retribution: take your opportunity and screw it all away and 2) you dont want to be in their situation. Another benefit to calling that friend is to offer some support to that individual youre not just here for novels, yourself! The second type of herbert spencer, friend to call is the novels, over-achieving friend who is Taking One More Step the Threats from Essay, likely doing way better than you. These individuals motivate you for pat barker novels, a couple reasons. You might think to yourself, if this person can do it, I definitely can . No one likes feeling inferior, so youre likely to get that little push that says, get your butt in gear or youre going to be looking up to this person the rest of your life. 8. Try some dorky and positive affirmations. I say dorky because affirmations seem kind of of functionalism, silly. But try it. Pat Barker! As youre sitting there run some incredibly positive thoughts through that stressed out brain of yours, like: Im amazing, I can do this, I am smart, I am capable, I can pump this out in no time, and then repeat . Herbert Spencer! Like I said, I know it sounds dorky and pat barker novels silly, but just do it for Impractical to Implement, a minute or so as an experiment.

Youll likely be surprised at how much better you feel. And when you feel good and pat barker have a positive attitude, motivation is Retribution: Essay, easier to find. 9. Do NOT use fear . I dont want to pat barker novels include not-tos in my lists, but occasionally Im going to. Step Towards Managing The Threats! Do NOT use fear. Yes, fear can be a great motivator.

But using fear too often will only create more anxiety, stress, and negative energy. What do I mean by using fear? Thoughts like this: if I dont do this, Ill be totally screwed; I might flunk this class if I dont do well. Those thoughts might be true, but its not healthy! Youll feel better about doing your work if you surround yourself with positive thoughts and ideas about novels it. 10.

Choose, dont try. This item will probably appear in many lists. Do not try to get your homework done. Try automatically implies failure. You dont try . You either do or you dont. You either choose to complete your homework or you choose not to.

When it comes to motivation, you can either choose to be a lazy bum or choose to be a motivated and kick-ass student. Theories! Its your choice! Have some additional ideas/thoughts you think could add to this list? Leave a comment! Thank you SO much for this. I was feeling like I honestly didn#8217;t have any hope for doing well in school! But I printed this out and put it on my wall so that I can read it every time I feel like I should just stop doing my homework and it helps so much! I would recommend this to anybody who is struggling with becoming motivated to do to pat barker homework! Thank you so much for this blog. I thought hope was gone for herbert spencer, me also and I was Googling tonight on how to eliminate stress and this came up.

I am in the 8th grade and going on the Washington DC trip my math grade is a D and novels you need at least C- #8216;s on global impact, a ll grades to go. Well I just have given up on novels, my homework and your blog had all my problems. I have let TV and Internet run over my life and belle reve meaning I have my room full of pat barker, laundry and homework that doesn#8217;t always get done. I like to come home relax by the TV or go to Where Can I Family, Food, Maybe the State Fair! my girlfriend#8217;s house. I have found your tips very helpful. Thank you so much! I want to thank the pat barker, blogger very much not only for this post but also for her all previous efforts. I found myhappylists.com to be very interesting.

I will be coming back to Retribution: myhappylists.com for pat barker novels, more information. Thank you so much, it motivated me to stop sitting around and wasting time on the internet. I will follow your advice (make lists etc.) to help me throughout my journey of highschool. I#8217;m failing most of my classes, and it makes me really depressed but this blog helped me come to my senses. Herbert! Terrific work! Shame on the search engines for not positioning this post higher! This is pat barker novels, great for college students trust me! Thank you so much for putting this together! I am a college student, and everything you put in here is Retribution: Essay, right on! I have done the same thing as Lauren and printed this out and put it on my wall#8230;it#8217;s super motivational and it definitely works. Thank you again!

Yes yes this is the kind of motivating kick-in-the-ass I#8217;ve been longing for, thank you so much for posting this article. I do use some of the strategies u have mentioned, What makes me most motivated is the payment i have to give and how boring it would be to pat barker novels study the same thing. the sooner you finish the studies sooner you are getting rid of herbert, it#8230;#8230;.and there is so much in every person life#8230;#8230;this is a good one#8230;#8230;#8230;.. I quickly get bored with my study#8230;.this was helpful. Thanks! I#8217;m overloaded with homework because I don#8217;t like doing it!! This will help me sooooo much, thanks! You know what else might inspire you to do your homework? Music! The only novels problem is, is that it may require internet. And thank you SO much for strengths of functionalism, this! I#8217;m in pat barker, middle school but I think it may still help me! (You hopefully would have made my parents happy too.

Hee hee) Thank you. This was sooo helpful, I am planning on printing it out and putting it on my bedroom wall I have also learned that listening to Classical music helps. Thank you so much! I am an Aussie in South Australia, and strengths of functionalism i do home schooling because i am to pat barker novels far away from a school, and i sometimes can#8217;t get motivated to do school work, and this helped alot!

I liked how you said #8216;choose don#8217;t try#8217;! choose your friends wisely and participate in group work to enhance your knowledge of ideas. Thank you! I#8217;m in a foreign language class that meets 4 days weekly- and I#8217;m assigned at least an hour of homework at each class. I love language learning, but hate the #8220;busy-work#8221; homework of this class. Where Food, Maybe The State! Tonight, I#8217;d rather be reading a novel but now I#8217;m finding the motivation to get to work!

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Chance and pat barker, Choice, Biology and Theology in Alexander Paynes Election. Looking back from Election (1999) to his first feature film, Payne saw Citizen Ruth (1996) as something of a dry run for the later one. Step Towards Managing The Threats Cloud Storage Essay! (1) Indeed, although Election is arguably a richer, more subtle work than Citizen Ruth , the stylistic and novels, thematic connections between them are robust. Neither finally resolves any issues, conflicts among characters, or moral questions. Religion or religious themes permeate both, explicitly in the first film, implicitly through imagery in the second. The Omaha in which Payne set the moviesthe city in which he grew upgives each a convincing realism that enlarges its particulars into generalities. (2) In Election , the cultural implications of a high school Student President election expands subtly via shots containing U. S. flags, clusters of red, white, and blue, and other icons of American culture and politics, including a few images of belle reve meaning, Abraham Lincoln. More emphatically, its broader national implications are highlighted when what happens in a Midwestern high school becomes through the media a source of nationwide diversion.

More broadly still, Election expands into a parable of the central paradoxes of being human. At the thematic centre of pat barker, Election wrestle two opposing conceptions of the efficacy of human will: one favours the strictures of fate, the other the Retribution: Impractical to Implement Essay freedom of action implied by the concepts of pat barker, morals and ethics. Strengths Of Functionalism! Neitheror perhaps each, paradoxicallyprevails. In two of her many voice-overs Tracy Flick (Reese Witherspoon) implicitly acknowledges both: First, You cant interfere with destiny; thats why its destiny. Later, Win or lose, ethical conduct is the most important thing. Pat Barker! Just ask Mr. Where Can I Family, Food, And Animals? The State Fair!! McAllister. Tracy and Jim McAllister (Matthew Broderick), Mr. M as he is known to his students, at novels, once expound and enact the dilemmas inherent in the ideas of Can I Find Food, and Animals? Fair! Essay, fate and free will. Payne remarked that he wished to pat barker novels associate Jim with circles and Tracy with straight linesa pattern that he doesnt regard as having been entirely successful in execution. Successful or not, the association of Mr. M with circles is subsumed into belle meaning, a larger pattern of imagery having to do with fruit, food, trash, andultimatelyChristian mythology.

For the pat barker moment, however, let us consider Mr. M as destined to repeat laps on herbert spencer theories, the same circular track, and Tracy as fated to go straight to somewhere successful. On the other hand, perhaps not destiny but character, to which morals and ethics apply, may determine the outcomes of the story. Tracy, ruthlessly ambitious even in her adolescence and spurred on by her frustrated mother, will get to wherever shes going by doing whatever it takes: hard work, cheating, possibly sex, lying, prayer. Mr. M is an energetic and devoted teacher, profoundly content with his professional position, mostly straightforward, honest, and optimistic. Apparently, he has no desire to be other than what he is, where he is. Because of his personality, it appears that he will get nowhere, nor does he need to. But hes sexually frustrated and novels, therefore open to temptation, and he is also a bit protective of his position of Step Managing from Cloud Storage, power in novels, the little world of Carver High School. These big buts, as Pee Wee Herman (Paul Rubens) put it in Pee-wees Big Adventure (1985), lead him downward, onto dangerous, unpredictable paths, from strengths, which he manages only a partial and ambiguous climb back up.

Could we not say, then, that character is pat barker destiny? And yet character is revealed, as Aristotle argued, by belle meaning actions, presumably freely chosen. (3) We and the film go around and around on this issue, a bit like Mr. Ms mostly unprogressive circulations. Ultimately, Election will not let us decide between fate and the choices that can be judged as moral or ethicaland whats the difference between morals and ethics, anyway, a question asked by both Mr. M and his friend and pat barker novels, colleague Dave Novotny (Mark Harelik), but never answered. Indeed the very title, Election , embodies the paradoxes of its plot and belle, its characters.

Election can mean choosing, electing to do one thing or another or to pat barker novels refrain from doing something. As a term of Christiannotably Calvinistdoctrine, it can mean something like the One More Managing Storage Essay opposite: having no chance on pat barker novels, earth to affect ones status with God, but rather being predestined, or not, for salvation and eternal life. That meaning is relevant; Christian mythology and doctrine, only slightly sublimated, significantly illuminate the imagery and belle reve, inform the pat barker dialogue of Paynes film. (Paynes film for shorthand; more accurately, it should also be considered as authored by Jim Taylor, the herbert spencer co-screenwriter and, according to the credits, the pat barker novels provider of the strengths of functionalism hand-held 16mm footage that was used to depict the love life of Tammy (Jessica Campbell), a major secondary character.) Like the title of Election , its principal characters do not declare firmly for fate or free will. And even if they did, the audience would not necessarily concur, given that both Tracy and pat barker novels, Jim are manifestly unreliable narrators.

Tracy seems to claim a rather grandiose future for of functionalism herself with her campaign sign: SIGN UP FOR / TOMORROW / TODAY! and with her assertion, already quoted, about the futility of pat barker novels, trying to interfere with destiny. Yet that voice-over begins with her saying, None of reve, this would have happened if Mr. Pat Barker! M hadnt meddled the way he did, a statement that doesnt exactly support her claim about fate. Global Impact! Her final remark about her future, which she makes when she is disturbed by less disciplined classmates while studying in her Georgetown University dorm room, leans again toward destiny: Ive come to accept that very few people are truly destined to pat barker be special. Regarding Tracy, the title of Paynes film guides us back to the central argument of Max Webers classic The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism . Paradoxically, Weber argued, a belief in predestination leads not to resignation but to anxious striving, in hopes that success in this life may offer a clue to the likelihood of life eternal hereafter. If Tracy is destined to be greatspecial is the spencer theories usual synonym in Election her success, ethically or otherwise achieved, might confirm a favourable heavenly prognosis. Mr.

M, more modestly, also seems to claim a destinyin his case, as a teacher: I couldnt imagine doing anything else. An advocate for upright morals/ethics who lectures Tracy and pat barker novels, his straying colleague Dave on global on society, their behaviour and who sees himself standing in front of pat barker, a room full of young people, preparing them for the tough moral and ethical decisions that theyll face as adults, Mr. Herbert Theories! M is nonetheless inclined to mark up to pat barker fate the disasters he brings on Where Can I Family, Food, and Animals? Maybe the State Fair! Essay, himself. Things happen to him. About making love with Linda (Delaney Driscoll), an act that ruined my life, he observes, Things started to get really complicated. It was something that just happened. Ironically, after it happened, he goes on to assert, for the novels first time in Taking Managing Cloud, years, I felt free, and alive. Yet when Jim returns to his home to discover Lindas betrayal, far from dealing with the two reproachful women who turn their tearstained faces to him, he simply murmurs okay and, apparently accepting his fate, retreats. Although Mr. M admits believing that he had to pat barker novels stop Tracy from belle meaning, winning the pat barker election for Student Body President, he introduces the action he took to nullify her victory with it happened. If he hadnt accidentally missed the garbage can with an ancient carton of spaghetti, or if the janitor hadnt seen it spill on the floor, or noticed the discarded ballots in Mr. Ms wastebasket, the unlucky teacher would probably have escaped the consequences of his impulsive intervention. But his own decisions and behavior made those misfortunes possible, made the unlucky coincidences matter. Above the desk at which Mr. M is sitting in reve, one scene a partially cut off banner urges, RESPONSIBLE for pat barker your own actions! Tammy (Jessica Campbell) and Paul Metzler (Chris Klein), among the supporting characters, add texture to the theme of destiny. Lisa and I, declares a rejected Tammy, were destined to be together. She precedes that utterance, however, with How can something that seemed so true turn out to be a lie? As is often the case in Election , Tammys query can be taken in two ways: as contesting the veracity of turn out to be a lie, or as accepting it, but with astonishment.

Pauls understanding of his fate is less questioning and equivocalthough the audience may consider his role as more complicated than Paul himself does. After breaking his leg skiing and thereby losing the Find and Animals? Maybe the State Essay chance to return as the quarterback of Carver Highs football team, he finds himself mad at God and novels, feeling that now my life had no purpose. But Then one day destiny just walks up and taps [me] on global of e-commerce, the shoulder. That destiny, embodied in Mr. M, has taken a more roundabout route to his shoulder than Paul comprehends. To wit: With the novels amorous overtones of Tracy Flicks parking lot approach echoing in Mr. Ms head as he lies next to to Implement Essay his sleeping wife, he goes quietly to pat barker novels the basement and withdraws from his secret cache of pornography a comically crude videotape entitled Touchdown! In it, a high school football player, played by a five-oclock-shadowed mid-thirtyish actor (Brian Tobin, doubling from his main job of casting extras) is approached in the locker room by an only slightly younger looking cheerleader, on global, whom the quarterback is soon mounted. This sight puts into pat barker novels, Mr. Ms mind another blond high school coed and another quarterback who might screw her, figuratively if not literally, Paul! And so destiny taps himand ultimately Jim McAllister.

Paul regards the twists and turns of his life as divinely guided. The night before the election, he prays, You [God] will decide who the best person is and Ill accept it. (As a contrast, Tracy has begun her prayer that night with Dear Lord Jesus, I really must insist that you help me win the election tomorrow.) Paul wins and then loses the election, in both cases because of Mr. M. As a vehicle for Lisa to prove to his sister that she, Lisa, is not like you a dyke, he gets and impact of e-commerce, then, after failing to win the election, loses a girlfriend. Pat Barker! But all works out for the best in Pauls best of all possible worlds; during the last movement of the film he reflects on a generally gratifying senior year, wonders what could have happened had he won the election, and reve, concludes that had things gone otherwise, I might even be dead! The prayers of Paul and Tracy may serve to return us to pat barker novels the importance in Election of Christian myth, the aspect of the destiny/morals-ethics theme that expands it to strengths of functionalism the limits of history and experience. One of the two versions of the beginning of novels, human life as told in Retribution: Impractical to Implement, Genesis includes the temptation of Eve and Adam, their expulsion from the Garden of Eden, and the subsequent contamination of the world by pain, hazard, and death. The fruit of the Forbidden Tree is generally represented as an apple, and it is worth noting that apples and teachers are popularly associated. Election insists on both associations, most obviously the second, but with great significance the first also. In the Directors Commentary Payne notes that theres a bit of an apple theme as temptation. More than a bit. Apple imagery pervades Election . It is novels associated mostly with Mr. M, but it is also sometimes attached to other characters, most notably Paul; and it is contrasted with other fruit, more innocent bananas and oranges.

It first appears as a red, apple-shaped penholder on Where Find the State, Mr. Novels! Ms desk during his initial voice-over as he muses, Its hard to Where Can I Find Family, and Animals? Maybe Fair! remember how the whole thing started, the whole election mess. The whole human mess started, mythogically, with an apple. During the same voice-over, an apple appears again on pat barker, the plaque Mr. M receives as Teacher of the Year. As Election continues, the strengths significance of the apple imagery becomes more pointed. Under the RESPONSIBLE for your actions banner, an apple rests on a pile of papers. After Jim accompanies Linda to a mall and half-facetiously suggests stopping at a motel, he dismisses the outing to his wife, Oh, you know, Linda can be a bit much sometimes. But the apple he bites into pat barker, as he speaks and herbert theories, an apple refrigerator magnet behind him give the lie to novels his feigned indifference and hint at consequences to come.

The scene that most clearly associates The Fall with Jims infidelity takes place the afternoon following his and Lindas lovemaking. Earlier, as he left for school, she suggested that they continue at belle reve meaning, that motel. Jim prepares the room with flowers, wine, candy, and a book of poetry apparently borrowed from the school library, its relevant place marked by a long-stemmed rose. But Linda fails to appear. When Jim returns to Lindas house and receives no response to his knocking, he goes around to the back, where we a bush covered with red roses, and behind it an apple tree loaded with red fruit. A reverse shot puts the pat barker novels apple tree and its abundant fruit in the left foreground; we can now see that its also buzzing with wasps. Having received no answer to his calls, Jim turns to leave, at which moment a wasp lights on his eyelid and stings him.

The Edenic, free, renewed life that he imagined with Linda bashes head on into the complication and sorrow of the fallen world. Strengths Of Functionalism! Ow! Ow! Jesus! Oh, fuck! The last two expletives, plausible from a naturalistic viewpoint, simultaneously evoke the ultimate result of The Fall, the coming of pat barker novels, Christ, and the sex-shame that was its immediate first symptom. The following morning, Mr. M takes a second life-ruining action, putting two of the votes for strengths Tracy into the trash. As he does, the apple-penholder is again prominent on his desk.

Mr. Ms accompanying voice-over has undertones of something like a second Adam attempting to avoid the mistake of the first: The sight of Tracy at that moment affected me in a way I cant fully explain. Who knew how many would suffer because of novels, her? I had to stop her. Now. Exiled from his home, Mr. M picks at a solitary dinner the next evening; his salad contains a cherry tomato that visually echoes apples. Further, according to Payne, hes eating apple pie here. (4) In the next-to-last sequence of Election , the role of Jim as a representative of all the progeny of Retribution: Impractical to Implement Essay, Adam becomes nearly explicit. In a voice-over, Jim asks, What happens to a man when he loses everything? Simultaneously, the camera focuses on the mid-section and legs of an early, naked man, his dangling penis especially prominent in novels, the center of the frame. The camera pans up to of functionalism reveal his face, then the image cuts to reveal that we are viewing a scene from pat barker novels, a diorama of a Neanderthal couple, an anthropological Adam and Eve, in a desert setting. (The voice-over will later inform us that this is in herbert, the Museum of Natural History in novels, New York.) Immediately, Jim Macalester appears in theories, front of the scene, wearing a MUSEUM GUIDE button and carrying a red flag.

Who better to answer the question his voice-over has just asked? Later, images of Jim with his new female companion bracket a shot of two naked, hairy primitive hominids, another Adam and Eve expelled from the ease of The Garden. Round, red apples serve as reminders that humans live in novels, a complicated, dangerous world in which their destiny or their moral/ethical failures inevitably lead them into disaster, sooner or later. Apples bleed their colour into Election , linking that colour with other conventional associations: danger, anger, sexual passion, and so on. The most hazardous allied images with scarlet circlesrivaling the apple in Can I Maybe, menace and directly connected with it symbolicallyare the round, red mouths of the women who tempt and pat barker novels, torment Jim. And they have teeth. Most striking are the prominent teeth of Towards Managing Cloud, Linda, when she smiles at Jim. (One suspects that Ms. Driscoll was cast at least partly for that attribute.) During her trip to the mall with Jim, she tries out a lipstick and then asks for his opinion.

Her scarlet lips and pat barker novels, teeth loom in impact, an extreme close-up shot from Jims point-of-view. Tracy also shows her teeth in a possibly seductive smile when she says to Mr. M, You and I are going to be spending a lot of time together, and pat barker, I for one would like that time together to be harmonious and [pause] productive. Wouldnt you? Whatever her intention, Mr. Ms libidinous memory of her that night has her mouth next to his ear (as when Linda seduces him), teeth and lips again looming large. Intercourse with Diane becomes a chore for Jim, as they try to conceive a child. Fill me up, she urges, teeth showing, as Jim struggles to ejaculate; then, when he does, Okay. Good job. Paynes close-up of her at this point is global impact of e-commerce rotated ninety degrees in the frame, oriented much as Tracys was in his memory and as Lindas and Tracys will be in the fantasies Jim evokes during another instance in which he and his wife have sex. Pat Barker! In that sequence, we first see Lindas toothy face; then Tracys head and voice replace Lindas in Jims mindTracy demanding when Linda had seductively asked. Jim begins to show his own teeth, which he does more fiercely when he scripts Tracys fantasized voice to become imploring: Fill me up, please. (Another male, the of functionalism quarterback in the porn video Jim watches, also shows his teeth during sex.) Power and novels, sex in Election are closely allied.

The erotic value of winning the student body presidency at Carver High is made explicit, however inconspicuously, by the cover of of e-commerce on society, one of the pornographic magazines in Jims secret treasure chest. On its cover title, The Big ELECTION, the pat barker L is crossed out and replaced by an r, in global of e-commerce on society, red. There are mild phallic suggestions associated with the student president campaign in the exchange between Tracy and Mr. M at the beginning of the film: After shots of Tracys table legs being snapped into position and her tapping the end of a ballpoint pen as she readies her campaign, Mr. M comes by, Not wastin any time, are you, Tracy? To which she replies, You know what they say about the early bird. Yes, he responds, I do. Those of novels, Tracys fellow students who oppose or dislike her express their hostility in oral-sexual terms, Eat me! and Eat me raw! During the same assembly called for candidates speeches, a large sign behind Tracy, its initial F cut off by framing, reads LICK. For a confirmation of the complex of spencer theories, sex, mouths and pat barker, teeth, and spencer theories, power, we may turn to the sequence in which Paul tells us in voice-over, I sure was surprised when Lisa Flannigan asked me for novels a ride home and global of e-commerce on society, ended up blowin me. The visual shows Paul with his mouth stretched wide open in a combination of passion and astonishmentno teeth showing. Lisa rises from between Pauls spread legs, exposes her large front teeth with a grin, and announces, Ive wanted this for so long! The next thing you know, Paul continues, shes my girlfriend. And his campaign manager. Pat Barker Novels! She instructs and poses Paul for his poster; her photograph shows Paul with a big smile, full of teeth. The teeth and the promise of power are in her control.

On the inside of her school locker, Pauls sister Tammy (before her same sex romance with Lisa disintegrates) has taped photos of mouths with the words Smooch and Chew Me. Weeping after Lisa has dismissed her as a dyke, Tammys small teeth are covered with braces. Can I Maybe The State Essay! (5) Then, Sometimes when Im sad, I sit and watch the power station. As she says this we see her contemplating seven huge chimneys. A dissolve to a slightly closer view, completely unnecessary for purposes of the narrative, emphasizes again the image of the power station and its phallic chimneys, images perhaps of pat barker, her love lost to phallic power. After Lisa claims Paul for impact of e-commerce boyfriend and political toy, Tammy fights back by mounting her own campaign for student body president. She too understands the erotics of the election. Along with their explicit libidinal significance, the other usual function of mouths, eating food, is pat barker novels also persistently connected with sex. Mr. Novotnys seduction of Tracy begins in strengths, a restaurant and is consummated in pat barker, his home accompanied by a can of root beer. Tracys last push on election dayrecall the ELECTION-ErECTION jokebegins with two-hundred-fifty cupcakes. Jim, in global, what Payne calls a cheap joke, pops the pat barker cork from a bottle of wine between his legs as he gazes at Linda; and he stocks the room at Where Family, Food, Maybe Fair! Essay, the American Family Motel with candy and pat barker, champagne in anticipation of continuing an affair with her. (Ironically, given his failure to impregnate his wife, the motels roadside sign reads Welcome Seed Dealers.) En route to his pornographic video, Jim grabs a can of Pepsi; watching and sipping, he remembers Tracys remark, You know, Coca-Cola is by far the worlds number one soft drink. When he sees Tracy get into a limousine with a Nebraska congressman (the former Representative Mike Geiger), he furiously throws a large Pepsi into its back windshield.

The first food we see in Election is belle reve meaning tossed into a garbage can by Mr. M. Thus garbage rises as an early star in the constellation that includes food, mouths and teeth, sex, and eating. As Payne observes in his commentary, garbage is all there, kind of obsessively. After cleaning out the refrigerator, Mr. Novels! M puts a bit of hall trash into a wastebasket as he walks away from his early morning encounter with Tracy. Impractical To Implement! Later he throws away her nominating petitions, which hes supposed to keep. Both acts anticipate his disposing of pat barker novels, her two crucial votes. Mr. M is associated with, even pursued by, garbage. Find Family, Food, And Animals? The State Fair!! When he is confronted by his accusers in the principals office, we see the sullen face of the janitor among them; immediately, Payne flashes back to the fatal spaghetti hitting the floor while the pat barker novels janitor watches.

It is not just rotting that transforms food into garbage. Through digestion it becomes waste, the essence and original of garbage. Election signals the membership of excrement in its complex imagery by backgrounds of urinals in a couple of theories, scenes, by Jims urinating on a tree in Lindas front yard just after a red garbage truck goes by, and by what Payne calls a pooping cement truck on a sign during Pauls Mexican Party. Elias Canetti, in novels, his magisterial Crowds and Power , considers the processes of power as summarized by the primitive sequence that begins with sighting and seizing prey, continues through its incorporation, and ends in its final mortification as excrement. Two aspects of his analysis are especially relevant to Election : First, he observes the connection between teeth and of functionalism, power: the manifest attributes of the novels teeth, have entered into the very nature of Find Food, and Animals? Essay, power. Pat Barker Novels! in every manifestation of power, they are the first things to be established. (6) Second, the Retribution: Impractical exercise of pat barker, power on something or someone concludes when everything useful is abstracted from it till all that remains is refuse and stench. (7)Broadly applying Canettis analysis to humanity in general, our congenital guilt began with the eating of an apple, which itself ended, presumably, as waste. Spencer Theories! It is our daily and continuing sin and, as such, it stinks and cries to pat barker heaven. (8)When Jim, the Impractical prey, and his predator wife divorce, Diane gets their house and almost everything, leaving Jim with only his dismal subcompact auto. (9) During Jims voice-over at this point, Payne notes revealingly that on the accompanying visual Jim is pursued by garbage to pat barker novels the end. Along with Mr. M, Tracy and Tammy are associated with garbage at critical moments, usually on occasions of sorrow and guilt. Tracy (her hair curled into two devilish horns for the scene) furiously tears down Pauls posters after a plastic trash can slides from under her while she tries to reattach a large poster of her own. From behind trash bins, the jilted Tammy spies on herbert, her former lover and her brother kissing, and she witnesses Tracy disposing of Pauls destroyed posters in pat barker novels, the dumpster behind the power planta bit of good fortune of an ironic kind that allows her to plead guilty to Tracys crime, get herself expelled from Carver, and enroll in the local Catholic school for girls.

Garbage, the outcome of human sin and global, waste, cannot be easily (or perhaps ever) fully cleaned up. Novels! Water washes without efficacy in Election because it is associated in the film with one of the global of e-commerce on society causes of pat barker, human misery that goes back to The Garden, sex. The sound of the athletic field sprinkler that we hear before any image appears on strengths, the screen could be considered mildly suggestive only in novels, retrospect, but the of e-commerce image of the nozzle that solves the brief mystery of the sound is emphatically phallic. Novels! Nor is water associated solely with male sexuality. Just before his encounter with Linda, Jim draws a clump of Where Food, Fair! Essay, hair from a bath drain. Novels! In extreme close-up, the drain and the hair approach the yonically obscene. Retribution: Impractical To Implement! Theres your problem, Mr.

M announces, presciently. Its a problem that Linda will shortly solve by embracing her more-than-susceptible plumber. For Jim, however, the temporary solution of Lindas problems compounds his in ways that cant be washed away. After readying the motel room, Jim crouches in pat barker, the bathtub, washing his genitals. But, like Lady Macbeth, he cannot scrub away the guilt from the offending part of his anatomy. Later, having spent the night in his car, he showers in a Carver High locker room. He seems to wish to wash away his whole life, including his destiny as a teacher. Of E-commerce! Railing, he mocks student requests for novels letters of recommendation and other favours; then, Fuck them! But that, or imagining that, is One More Step Towards the Threats from Essay another part of the problem.

When Mr. M, after his escape to New York City, sees Tracy and the Congressman, he describes his anger with a verb that evokes the uncleansing waters elsewhere in the film: It all came flooding back. A close-up of Tracys paper-cut bloody hands after her destructive frenzy makes a clear reference to pat barker Lady Macbeth, a reference that Payne did not feel he needed to further emphasize in a scene that showed Tracy strenuously washing her hands, which he cut form the final version of his film. Mr. M is frequently shown washing; but his efforts to clean himself do not avail to wash away the guilt, desire, garbage, and dire fate that pursue him. Washing his car as Its a Beautiful Day plays on global impact, the soundtrack, Jim views his life as back on track, looks forward to reuniting with Diane, and assures himself that the worst was over. All this optimism precedes immediately the summons to the principals office that completes the demolition of pat barker novels, his existence in Omaha. An historic, generally misogynistic tradition interprets Eves seduction by the Serpent as the original sexual infidelity and as the model for all those that follow. Retribution: To Implement Essay! Both our original parents discover shame in the nakedness of their genitals after their initial transgression. Sexual love, then, fuses with The Fall, and it cannot cure humankinds woes, however much we may dream of its doing so. Here below, as the French say, we are stuck with our frail, sinful nature; we can hope for novels salvation only impact of e-commerce on society, through some heavenly intervention, which the characters of pat barker, Election attempt to attribute to earthly love. Tammy and Paul each use the impact of e-commerce same word, miracle, to describe their amorous times with Lisa.

His extramarital love struck Jim similarly; he at first experiences his sexual encounter with Linda as a miracle. While Lindas infant son watches from his crib, however, his mother and his godfather copulate on the floor in front of novels, him; and he becomes a classically Freudian witness to the ongoing dangers and belle reve, pains of post-Edenic erotic love. For Homecoming, Paul reminds Mr. M, you know how last years theme was Heaven on Earth . Mr. M cuts him off. He is in the midst of discovering how distant earth really is from pat barker novels, heaven. Reve! As for pat barker the earthly paradise, wrote Northrop Frye, according to Christian doctrine it was, but it cannot now be; consequently in romance the paradisal is frequently a deceitful illusion that turns out to be demonic or a destructive vision. (10) A quotation from William Trevor preceding the novel by Tom Perrotta on which Election is (rather loosely) based may be the books most significant contribution to Where Can I Find Family, and Animals? the State Fair! Essay understanding the movie: The world is School gone mad. If Mr. M. takes Carver High to be his Garden, when it goes mad his earth tilts on pat barker novels, its axis and he is thrown into the postlapsarian world. Of course, he has already been dwelling there, a fact that his naive optimism largely concealed from him. To return to the question with which this discussion began: Stuck in the world east of Eden, is Jim helplessly destined for ruin or does he bring catastrophes on himself through failures of morals and ethics? Western religious traditions have chewed on and swallowed this dilemma, but they cannot quite digest it.

The most dubious tenet of Miltons Great Argument in Paradise Lost , for herbert theories example, is pat barker novels that God made humankind Sufficient to have stood, though free to impact fall. (11)Given His omniscience (He knew what would happen but it could, somehow, have happened otherwise), this attempt to novels rationalize the contradictions between destiny and free choice has not persuaded many readers. Herbert Spencer! Election doesnt try for such a reconciliation of opposites. It sets them forth and leaves them in their intrinsic tension. Pat Barker! In perhaps the most illuminating of his comments, Payne discusses the conclusion of his film: Its honest in suggesting that things really dont change in our lives, that we think weve moved on but actually we dont or we cant, cause we are who we are. Like Citizen Ruth , Election is ultimately radical in its ironies. Its dilemmas of Find and Animals? Maybe the State Essay, character, fate, freedom, and the compromised energies powering the human universe remain irresolvable as evidence piles up on all sides of novels, every issue. The two songs accompanying the closing credits extend the central ironies of the movie. The lyrics of the global impact of e-commerce first declare, I wanna go to pat barker school again, I wanna know how love began if youll be the teacher. We have seen how unqualified Mr.

M is to herbert spencer theories give such lessons, and nothing in Election suggests that anyone else would be better prepared. We have also been reminded, by pat barker the implications of herbert spencer, Election s richly suggestive imagery, of how love began. The second musical accompaniment to pat barker novels the credits, an accordion piece, contributes its irony more subtly. To appreciate it, one needs to herbert theories notice its title in the music credits: God Whispers to Constantine. He says this in the audio commentary of the DVD of Election , Paramount/Viacom 36121, referring to the many, many, many same people he worked with on both films: the production designer, editor, composer, assistant cameraman, prop master, grips and electricians, and so on. Pat Barker! All further quotations from Payne will be taken from this audio commentary on the DVD. As I argued in Revisiting Citizen Ruth , Film International , May, 2011, that expansion rippled out from the global of e-commerce on society conflicts around a local fight over abortion, to the question of abortion in the U. S. generally, and then further outward into broad implied commentary on the contemporary culture of the novels United States. Aristotle, Poetics (trans. Hippocrates G. Apostle, Elizabeth A. Dobbs, Morris A. Parslow).

Grinnell, Iowa: The Peripatetic Press, 1990. Perhaps one can tell in belle meaning, a theatrical showing what kind of pie Jim is eating, but its not clear on the DVD transfer. Nonetheless, Paynes remark is pat barker suggestive: the apples have been crushed and cooked. This sounds stupid, but anyway it means something to belle me. Payne remarks that he cast Jessica Campbell, who had basically been just a high school student from a tape. I didnt even meet her.

I loved her braces. Canetti, Elias. Crowds and pat barker novels, Power (trans. Carol Stewart). New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1962, 1973, p.208. Ibid, p.211 Ibid, p.211 In the audio commentary, Payne calls it a Ford Festiva, the car of an spencer impotent man. Frye, Northrop. The Secular Scripture: A Study of the pat barker Structure of Family, Food, and Animals? the State Fair!, Romance . Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1978, p.98. Milton, John. Complete Poems and Major Prose (Edited by Merritt Y. Pat Barker! Hughes). New York: The Odyssey Press, 1957, p. 260. Lesley Brill is Professor of Film and English at Where Can I Find Family, and Animals? Maybe Essay, Wayne State University in Detroit, USA. He has published books on Alfred Hitchcock, John Huston, and Crowds, Power, and Transformation in Cinema (Wayne State UP, 2006).

A Legacy Went Searching for pat barker a Film Dennis Hopper and Where Can I, Easy Rider. Mise en scene : Dead and Loving it Some Notes on Mel Brooks. Founded in pat barker novels, 1999, Senses of Retribution: to Implement, Cinema is one of the first online film journals of its kind and has set the standard for pat barker novels professional, high quality film-related content on the Internet. Senses of Cinema 2017. Editors: Michelle Carey, Daniel Fairfax, Mark Freeman, Alexandra Heller-Nicholas. Editorial Assistant : David Heslin. Click here to make a donation.

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George Herbert Mead and Talcott Parsons. George Herbert Mead and Talcott Parsons. Need essay sample on George Herbert Mead and Talcott Parsons ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for pat barker only $12.90/page. George Herbert Mead was a famous American philosopher, born in 1863. He contributed significantly to strengths of functionalism, the field of social sociology and philosophy and is considered one of the founders of social psychology. His ideas about the mind and self led to the creation of the symbolic interactionist school of sociology (Desilva, 2006). Talcott Edgar Frederick Parsons, born in 1902, was a renowned American sociologist and his work in the 1950s and pat barker novels 60s had significant influence in the country. His work Structure of Social Action provided an of functionalism, overview of the pat barker novels, great sociologists and philosophers of times before him, such as Max Weber, Vilfredo Pareto and Emile Durkheim and was an effort to unite their theories into a single action theory. Later in his life, he became involved in global impact on society a vast variety of fields ranging from anthropology to medical sociology, to race relations and pat barker novels eventually economics and education (McKinney, 1954). Theories of Mead and Parsons:

The central theme in Meads social philosophy is that of amelioration through understanding. There are various examples of people who are earnest about the herbert theories, intellectual enterprise and there is no dearth of people who wish for a better world than now is and who are willing to pat barker, work for it. But what sets George Herbert Mead apart from Impractical these people is that he believed in both these, believed in one because of the other, and in the other through the one. The ameliorative motif is what is most characteristic of pat barker his profound pragmatic bias. From Meads perspective, the occurrence and sequence of overt social behaviors can only be explained if their histories are traced back to the hidden behaviors of the strengths, organisms.

Mead believed that these covert physiological processes have such powerful implications for the social act and hence, social psychology and physiological psychology can not be separated from pat barker novels each other, and are in fact complements of each other. A number of researchers have investigated the Meadian technique of taking the physiological attitude of the other while engaging in different mental activities in different settings. Many experiments have proved Meads claim that linguistic activities engage covert oral responses. As a result, researchers have shown that the covert behaviors Mead postulated do, in fact, occur, but they have not fully grasped their importance in the field of sociology (Troyer, 1946). Mead was actually an early pioneer in this field because he introduced and laid down its basic theoretical and philosophical values but did not possess the sophisticated instrumentation needed to pursue it in belle reve meaning depth as a scientific research program. Even so, his social behaviorism provides the core theoretical linkages between physiological psychology and pat barker social psychology necessary to get such a research program started. Mead was very sure that nature or the extra-human world is objectively there regardless of our experience of it. He was not an idealist, rather was a pragmatist in philosophy. However, he did believed that all objects are defined as such in and through human experience.

Objective nature therefore comes to Where Can I Find Family, Food, and Animals? Maybe Fair! Essay, own certain qualities because of its relationship to human experiencing or mind which it would not have otherwise, if this relationship did not exist. Novels. He postulated that these characteristics determine what these objects mean to us, and to all intents and purposes, give definition and functional meaning to global of e-commerce on society, the objects themselves. An object is always in this sense a construct, a consequence, the kind of pat barker response which will follow after a certain type of activity. A blackboard, for example, is what it is for us, has certain properties associated with writing in black and white, because that is the way it responds to our activity. As a symbol, an object, it stands for certain consequences in activity. Certain qualities are there, but as parts of an act, and not of some independently existing essence or extension.

From this standpoint, an of e-commerce, object may be defined as a collapsed act; the sign of what would happen if the act were carried to completion (Troyer, 1946). Mead declared: The earliest objects are social objects, and all objects are social objects. Later experience differentiates the social from the physical objects, but the mechanism of the pat barker novels, experience of things over against self as an object is the social mechanism. Belle Meaning. The identification of the individual with physical objects which appear in the effective occupation of novels space is a derivative of this (Troyer, 1946). Hence, Meads theories such as Mead writes in Mind, Self and Society and his contrast between the I and the me all reflected how he saw the human mind: as something that can arise solely through social experience.

An object attained a meaningful reality to a human being simply by virtue of his ability to make indications, either imaginatively to himself, or directly to reve, others. All objects, all symbols with semantic reference stand for telescoped acts. By means of the conversation of attitudes and the use of significant symbols essentially a social process the world (both social and physical) of each individual comes into being. Viewed, indeed, as consisting of pat barker novels objects and their relationships, the world is an Food, the State Fair!, out-and-out social world, as self and mind are also social, that is, emergent within the human social process of activity itself (Troyer, 1946). Parsons contributions to the discipline of sociology are significant. He is responsible for imparting to the sociological world unique interpretations of the society as he saw it; but, the most important and interesting contribution he made was his theory of the social system.

However, because his theories were many and voluminous, he is often critiqued as being verbose, making it difficult, at times, for the reader to understand his true meaning.. Parsons worked at a time when the concepts of pat barker novels systems theory and Can I Food, and Animals? Essay cybernetics were prime components of novels social and behavioral science. He used systems thinking and premised that the herbert spencer theories, systems talked about in these sciences were open, which means that they existed in an environment which comprised of pat barker other systems as well. He postulated that the action system which consists of interlinked human behaviors, was the global of e-commerce, largest system in these fields and was contained in pat barker a physical-organic environment (Blumer, 1975). He employed a certain sociological paradigm to analyze this system as well as the subsystems contained it, called the AGIL scheme. If a system is to acquire and maintain balance with respect to its external environment, it must to an extent Adapt to of functionalism, that environment, achieve its Goals, Integrate its constituent parts, and ensure that it maintains its Latency pattern, which is a cultural framework. These together comprise the systems functional imperatives. Hence, when this AGIL Paradigm was employed to analyze the societal action system, it resulted in four subsystems, which were related to pat barker, each other and influenced each other in a multitude of ways. These were the behavioral systems of member parties, the personalities of these members, the society as a subsystem of social organization and the cultural structure of that society. Society can therefore be considered a complex system comprising of interlinked functional subsystems which are, the economy, the strengths of functionalism, polity, the societal community and the fiduciary system (Blumer, 1975).

Similarities between Mead and Parsons. Both men argue that an pat barker novels, external world is objectively there, independent of our experiencing of it. Mead assert that external objects are there, not dependent on the experiencing individual, and that leads to research being a process through which one discovers. Meaning. Nevertheless, objects hold characteristics because of the experiencing of them that they otherwise would not possess: their meanings. The difference between physical objects and the experiencing of them originates from the fact that the latter comprises of and is related to pat barker, meanings: only that which is experienced can have meaning. Mead believed that the physical object is an abstraction made from individuals social response to nature. The physical object is one to which there is no social response to belle reve meaning, call out again the response of the experiencing individual.

As an object incapable of carrying on novels social interaction, it is physical despite its social derivation (McKinney, 1954). When this view is considered, it establishes a dichotomy because of the differences drawn between objects. Hence, it can be said that there is a distinction between a science of physical objects and a science of strengths socially responding objects. While Meads classified these into two categories, Parsons does the pat barker novels, same into Retribution: Impractical to Implement three categories. Parsons classification is: social, physical, and cultural objects. McKinney (1954) defines these as a social object is an actor or a collectivity of actors who are capable of responding to or interacting with an actor treated as point of reference. Novels. A physical object is an empirical entity that functions only as means or conditions for action, in that it cannot interact with the actor. Global On Society. Cultural objects are conceived of as such symbolic elements as ideas, beliefs, expressive symbols, and values. Parsons has simply divided Meads social category into a further abstraction.

He has taken elements out of social action, categorizing them under culture instead. As is clear, elements like beliefs and symbols emanate from social behavior, and, as a result, they can only novels, be inferred. When he treats them as objects of orientation, Parsons is abstracting them out of social action, using a given actor as point of Taking One More Towards Storage reference. Mead did not treat elements differently whether they were objects of orientation or a component of the pat barker novels, orientation itself. Parsons took the same elements and simply, to make his system more convenient, classified them as cultural objects because of the role played in a given situation (Blumer, 1975). Differences between Mead and Parsons. There are ways in reve which Mead and pat barker Parsons differ both in impact concept and methodology. Meads conception of motivation is different from that of Parsons. The difference is pat barker novels, rooted in the possession of a self by the human being. Because the human being is able to see himself and address himself, he often has to interact with himself, consequently, he has to of functionalism, do both, handle both himself and what he indicates to himself.

Therefore, the pat barker novels, nature of motivation changes from spencer theories being a mover of the processes of pat barker personality into something that is seen and that has to be handleddefined, curbed, sustained, abetted, abolished or transformed. Instead of the Where Can I Find Family, and Animals? Fair!, former, motivation now is affected by the process of self-interaction and is determined by how it is affected in that process of novels self-interaction. The act assumes more importance than the motive (Blumer, 1975). Mead also had a different belief about the One More Step Towards Managing the Threats from Cloud Storage Essay, human act than Parsons. It can not be denied that both saw the novels, act as arising from a state of disequilibrium and seeking to reestablish a state of equilibrium. Theories. But this is pat barker, only one aspect of Meads scheme. Of far greater importance is that the human act is formed through self-interaction, in the course of which the actor may note and assess any feature of the act in process, or any feature of the situation, or any feature of his involvement in the act (Blumer, 1975). Herbert. Hence, Mead believed that the act comes into being as a result of this process of self-interaction, regardless of whether the construction is done intelligently or negligently. Self-interaction enables the actor to handle what he sees and to handle himself with regard to what he sees.

Hence Meads contention that the human act is built though a process of self-interaction differs from Parsons view of the act. The two differ in pat barker novels their approach as well. Parsons followed a deductive approach which started with a codification of existing knowledge in Retribution: Impractical to Implement Essay an area and then on the basis of this knowledge, formulates a theoretical model which includes relation between variables. After constructing deductive hypotheses from the model, then these are applied to a relevant empirical area to give theoretical explanation to that area. Indeed, the basic idea that human society exists as a system is not a product of extensive inductive study of human group life but, instead, is a theoretical postulate which is to serve as a point of departure (Blumer, 1975). The scientific approach of novels symbolic interactionism, Meads field in sociology, is quite different. The starting point is a problem or a question which has been raised with regard to the empirical world and then rigorous and flexible examination of that area is incurred so that in incremental improvements, this problem is clarified. Hence, relationships between variables, hypotheses, and strengths consequently, theories are then derived from constant observation of pat barker novels that world and global are not formed in an a priori fashion through deductive reasoning from a pre-ordained set of theoretical premises (Blumer, 1975). Blumer, H. (1975). Exchange on Turner, Parsons as a Symbolic Interactionist. Sociological Inquiry, 45(1), 59-68. Desilva, F. C. (2006). G. H. Mead in the history of pat barker sociological ideas.

Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 42(1), 1939. McKinney, J. (1954). Methodological Convergence of Mead, Lundberg, and Parsons. The American Journal of Sociology, 59(6), 565-574. Troyer, W. Of Functionalism. L. (1946). Meads Social and Functional Theory of novels Mind.

American Sociological Review, 11(2), 198-202.