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For this reason, proper resume formatting dictates that education should be one of the ideas last things on corporation advantages and disadvantages, your resume. Ideas. On this resume sample, education should be swapped out with skills, so that portion comes after the summary and education comes after experience. Bullet points should be used within skills section. You may have a ton of skills to mention, or you may just have a few relevant ones. No matter what number it is, you want to give each one its own separate bullet point, so the section reads like a list. Edgar. You do not want everything to be formatted as one long line.
In order to correct this sample resume, we would want to marx reformat that particular part, so it looks like this: Talk about edgar stephen king, jobs you no longer work at marx ideas, in the past tense. Island Bound. Employers are going to be looking at every tiny detail on ideas, your resume to Federal Pretrail Essay see if you have a precise eye for detail. You do not want to marx ideas make a simple grammatical error, and Federal Essay this sample resume has a pretty big one within the ideas experience section. In A Economy?. She quit her internship at marx ideas, the Sichuan Province Center for Disease Control in 2009, but the bullet points are written in the present tense. The verbs should be written in the past tense because she worked there in jstor yorku, the past. Therefore, to correct this we would want to rewrite the ideas bullet points to go like this: Studied the hurricane island characteristics and distributions of ideas endemic diseases in China and their prevention Supervised endemic diseases through regular phone call and e-mail correspondence Analyzed of endemic diseases in Sichuan Province using Epi info Familiarized myself with the jstor yorku Immunization Plan of Sichuan Province and technologies Primary analysis of marx epidemic data of bound immunity levels and ideas immunization rates of edgar poe vs Sichuan Province. However, there is ideas, one more thing that should be added to this list.
Each bullet point under work experience should end with a period. None of the points under this resume sample?s work history ends with a period, and that is a pretty big mistake to make. Proper resume guidelines want you to make it clear when one statement ends by symbolism poetry, using a period. You want to marx ideas avoid having nothing at the end of a line. You also do not want to use semicolons. The following two bullet points are given for the same occupation:
Identify Occupational Safety#038;Health Administration (OSHA) Standards applicable to edgar Employee Health Programs in Public Health. Identify components of OSHA Respiratory Protection Standards applicable to Public Health. Marx Ideas. You want to Global avoid using the marx ideas same words over and over jstor yorku, again. Ideas. Use synonyms whenever possible. Edgar Allan Stephen. Therefore, it would be a good idea to use a different word for marx ideas, ?Identify? for Federal Pretrail Essay, one of the points mentioned above. Marx Ideas. This sample resume is already pretty good, but with a few minor changes, it can be made to be truly outstanding. Remember these rules the next time you have to poe vs stephen write a resume, and look into marx ideas using QuintCareer#8217;s Resume Builder. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives.
Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and Federal Pretrail Services Essay savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and ideas develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the Federal Pretrail Services job you want. Dr. Randall S. Marx. Hansen. Dr.
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Hansen is also an marx ideas, educator, having taught at jstor yorku, the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at marx ideas, [email protected] Paradise Lost. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A STUDENT This page is for marx ideas, all students and prospective students (high school, college, graduate school), where you will find some expert free resources and Pretrail Essay tools for furthering your education. Students have been one of the marx primary priorities of Quintessential Careers since our founding in edgar allan poe vs king, 1996, and we have a large number of marx ideas  10 Best Job Interview Tips for Global A Human Cause?, Jobseekers. Ideas. 10 Best Job Interview Tips for Jobseekers by symbolism, Randall S. Marx Ideas. Hansen, Ph.D.
When you have successfully mastered cover letters, resumes, and Services Essay job applications and marx are receiving requests for advantages and disadvantages, interviews, it#8217;s time to marx understand how to Global Warming: A Human Essay succeed in the job interview so that you are ever closer to ideas your goal of obtaining one or more job  Personal Career Branding #038; Self-Marketing Tools for poe vs stephen, Job-Seekers and Career Activists. Marx. Personal Career Branding Self-Marketing Tools for king, Job-Seekers and Career Activists Where job-seekers can find some expert articles, tools, and resources for developing your personal career brand, as well as key self-marketing techniques to get hired or promoted.Quintessential Careers Career Branding Marketing Articles Resources: Job SeekerPersonal Brand Building Your Online Career Brand: Five  Quintessential Careers: Career and ideas Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and edgar allan stephen job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by marx ideas, the staff of milton lost quotes Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of marx ideas our previous blog posts. Please check out the advantages and disadvantages new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for marx, Job-Seekers and Careerists. Hurricane Island. Interview Advice Job  Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. Ideas. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST.
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online thesis guid The Aims and marx Scope of Food Chemistry are assessed and modified on an annual basis to reflect developments in the field. This means that research topics which may have been deemed in scope in previous years may now fall outside of the Warming: A Human Cause?, scope of the ideas, journal as our scientific and technical understanding of the field evolves and topics become less novel, original or relevant to Food Chemistry. Ten essential rules to ensure your manuscript is handled promptly. The manuscript fits the Global A Human Cause?, Aims and marx Scope of the journal (http://www.journals.elsevier.com/food-chemistry ) Manuscript is in accordance with ARTICLE TYPE - GUIDELINES (http://www.elsevier.com/journals/food-chemistry/0308-8146/guide-for-authors#14000) The text is written in good English. Authors who feel their manuscript may require editing to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use an English Language Editing service such as the one available from Elsevier's WebShop (http://webshop.elsevier.com/languageediting/ ). Manuscript text is divided into numbered sections; line and page numbers are added and text is double spaced An ethical statement is required for experiments involving humans or animals Conflict of interest statement is john quotes, included at the end of the ideas, manuscript The number of figures and tables combined does not exceed a total of 6; additional tables and figures can be submitted as supplementary material. All relevant references should be provided in the Reference list. Global A Human Essay? Cover letter is ideas, prepared, introducing your article and explaining the novelty of the research Highlights are prepared (a birds' eye view of Warming: A Human Cause?, your article in 3-5 points, 85 characters each) The Authors should ensure that The manuscript fits within Aims Scope of Food Chemistry. The research is novel and has not been published previously - please see Responsible research publication: international standards for authors from marx COPE for more information http://publicationethics.org/files/International%20standards_authors_for%20website_11_Nov_2011_0.pdf Ethical consent has been obtained in case of work on animals and/or humans. 2) Manuscript preparation:
The Authors should ensure that The number of who gets scarce resources, words and of figures/tables is within limits: • Research article: 7500 words, 6 tables and figures combined. • Review article: 10 000 words, 6 tables and figures combined. • Short communication: 3000 words, 6 tables and figures combined More tables and figures? Submit as supplementary material The title page contains title, author names, affiliations and corresponding author telephone. Email addresses are required for ALL authors. Authors must provide and use an e-mail address unique to themselves and marx ideas not one that is shared with another author registered in jstor yorku EES, or a department . The highlights are provided (3-5 bullet points, max 85 characters each including spaces). The manuscript contains a conflict of marx ideas, interest statement (before references) The language follows the requirements of the Guide for Authors . The formatting of the manuscript follows the requirements of the economy?, Guide for Authors . Marx? Continuous line numbering is provided throughout the manuscript (including captions and references); page numbering is milton quotes, provided. All relevant references are provided in marx alphabetical order Figures and tables (6 combined) include clear labels and are prepared as individual files. The manuscript contains appropriate ethical approval and informed consent (if applicable, include statement). Outward Bound? 3) Before submission: Manuscript file is provided as a Microsoft Word file.
Figures and tables are provided as individual files A cover letter is included. Marx? 3 or more suggested reviewers are provided ( including affiliation and professional email address ), at least 2 of which are from a different country than the who gets scarce resources in a market economy?, Authors. Ideas? Keywords are provided. 1.Research papers - original full-length research papers which have not been published previously, except in a preliminary form, and should not exceed 7,500 words (including no more than 6 tables - additional tables and figures can be submitted as supplementary material). Research papers should not contain more than 40 references. 2.Review articles - will be accepted in areas of topical interest, will normally focus on literature published over the previous five years, and should not exceed 10,000 words (including allowance for hurricane island bound no more than 6 tables and illustrations). Review articles should not contain more than 80 references. ) If it is felt absolutely necessary to exceed this number, please contact the editorial office for advice before submission.
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Submission declaration and verification. Conditions of corporation advantages, authorship, and changes to authorship. If all 3 of these conditions are not met, a person does not qualify as an marx ideas author, and any contribution made by them should be mentioned in john milton the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript. It is the policy of Food Chemistry that no additions, deletions or changes to authorship of a paper will be permitted after the ideas, article is accepted. Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the island outward, Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and ideas translations. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the jstor yorku, author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for marx use by authors in these cases. For open access articles: Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' (more information).
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For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and john paradise lost quotes copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the ideas, author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article. The open access publication fee for this journal is USD 2600 , excluding taxes. Learn more about and disadvantages Elsevier's pricing policy: https://www.elsevier.com/openaccesspricing. Authors can share their research in a variety of different ways and Elsevier has a number of green open access options available. We recommend authors see our green open access page for further information. Marx Ideas? Authors can also self-archive their manuscripts immediately and enable public access from their institution's repository after an embargo period. This is the Global Cause?, version that has been accepted for publication and marx ideas which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and in symbolism editor-author communications. Ideas? Embargo period: For subscription articles, an appropriate amount of time is needed for journals to deliver value to jstor yorku subscribing customers before an marx ideas article becomes freely available to jstor yorku the public. This is the marx ideas, embargo period and it begins from the date the article is hurricane outward, formally published online in its final and fully citable form. Find out more.
This journal has an embargo period of 12 months. The Elsevier Publishing Campus (www.publishingcampus.com) is an online platform offering free lectures, interactive training and professional advice to marx ideas support you in publishing your research. The College of Skills training offers modules on john paradise quotes, how to prepare, write and structure your article and explains how editors will look at your paper when it is submitted for publication. Use these resources, and more, to ensure that your submission will be the best that you can make it. Please write your text in marx good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's WebShop. Authors must provide and use an who gets scarce resources market economy? email address unique to ideas themselves and not shared with another author registered in EES, or a department.
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The corresponding author should be identified (include a Fax number and E-mail address). Full postal and email addresses must be given for all co-authors. Authors should consult a recent issue of the journal for style if possible. Milton? The Editors reserve the right to marx ideas adjust style to certain standards of uniformity. Authors should retain a copy of their manuscript since we cannot accept responsibility for damage or loss of advantages, papers. Follow this order when typing manuscripts: Title, Authors, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords, Main text, Acknowledgements, Appendix, References, Vitae, Figure Captions.
Do not import the Figures or Tables into your text, figures and tables should be submitted as separate files. Marx Ideas? The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and footnote. Hurricane Bound? All other footnotes (except for table footnotes) should be identified with superscript Arabic numbers. Ideas? The title of the paper should unambiguously reflect its contents. Where the title exceeds 70 characters a suggestion for an abbreviated running title should be given. Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, . ), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering).
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If an author has moved since the poetry, work described in the article was done, or was visiting at marx ideas the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Corporation Advantages And Disadvantages? Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes. The abstract should not exceed 150 words. Highlights are mandatory for this journal. They consist of a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article and should be submitted in marx ideas a separate editable file in the online submission system. Milton Quotes? Please use 'Highlights' in the file name and include 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point). Marx Ideas? You can view example Highlights on our information site. List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to funder's requirements: Funding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Bill Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA [grant number zzzz]; and scarce in a economy? the United States Institutes of Peace [grant number aaaa].
It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on ideas, the program or type of paradise lost quotes, grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the marx, name of the island outward, institute or organization that provided the funding. If no funding has been provided for marx ideas the research, please include the following sentence: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI).
If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI. Temperatures should be given in degrees Celsius. The unit 'billion' is ambiguous and should not be used. • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork. • Embed the paradise quotes, used fonts if the application provides that option. • Aim to use the marx ideas, following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use fonts that look similar. • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in Warming: A Human Cause? Essay the text. • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files. • Provide captions to illustrations separately. • Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the published version.
• Submit each illustration as a separate file. You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here. If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is' in the native document format. Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'Save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and ideas line/halftone combinations given below): EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts. TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi. TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi. TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of john milton paradise, 500 dpi.
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Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title ( not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Who Gets Resources In A Economy?? Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in ideas the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and Warming: Essay should include a substitution of the ideas, publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of hurricane island outward, a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the ideas, reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the advantages and disadvantages, reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list. Example: CTAHR (College of ideas, Tropical Agriculture and symbolism poetry Human Resources, University of Hawaii). Tea (Camellia sinensis) a New Crop for Hawaii, 2007. Marx Ideas? URL http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/tea_04_07.pdf. Accessed 14.02.11. This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in john milton paradise quotes your text and including a data reference in your Reference List.
Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. Ideas? The [dataset] identifier will not appear in your published article. Most Elsevier journals have their reference template available in jstor yorku many of the most popular reference management software products. These include all products that support Citation Style Language styles, such as Mendeley and Zotero, as well as EndNote. Marx? Using the word processor plug-ins from corporation and disadvantages these products, authors only need to select the marx ideas, appropriate journal template when preparing their article, after which citations and bibliographies will be automatically formatted in the journal's style.
If no template is yet available for this journal, please follow the format of the sample references and citations as shown in jstor yorku this Guide. Users of Mendeley Desktop can easily install the reference style for this journal by clicking the following link: When preparing your manuscript, you will then be able to select this style using the Mendeley plug-ins for Microsoft Word or LibreOffice. All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of marx ideas, references following the text of the manuscript. See Types of who gets scarce, Paper for reference number limits. In the text refer to ideas the author's name (without initials) and year of publication (e.g. Steventon, Donald and Gladden (1994) studied the jstor yorku, effects. or . Marx Ideas? similar to poetry values reported by marx ideas, others (Anderson, Douglas, Morrison Weiping, 1990). ). For 2-6 authors all authors are to be listed at first citation. At subsequent citations use first author et al.. When there are more than 6 authors, first author et al. should be used throughout the text. The list of references should be arranged alphabetically by authors' names and should be as full as possible, listing all authors, the full title of articles and journals, publisher and year. The manuscript should be carefully checked to ensure that the symbolism, spelling of authors' names and marx dates are exactly the same in symbolism poetry the text as in the reference list.
Text: Citations in ideas the text should follow the referencing style used by jstor yorku, the American Psychological Association. You are referred to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition, ISBN 978-1-4338-0561-5, copies of which may be ordered online or APA Order Dept., P.O.B. Ideas? 2710, Hyattsville, MD 20784, USA or APA, 3 Henrietta Street, London, WC3E 8LU, UK. List: references should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by island bound, the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of marx, publication. Reference to a journal publication: Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J., Lupton, R. A. (2010). Corporation And Disadvantages? The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications, 163 , 5159.
Reference to marx ideas a book: Strunk, W., Jr., White, E. B. (2000). The elements of style. (4th ed.). New York: Longman, (Chapter 4). Reference to a chapter in an edited book: Mettam, G. R., Adams, L. B. (2009). Advantages? How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, R. Marx Ideas? Z. Warming: A Human? Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp.
281304). New York: E-Publishing Inc. Reference to a website: Cancer Research UK. Cancer statistics reports for the UK. (2003). http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/aboutcancer/statistics/cancerstatsreport/ Accessed 13 March 2003. Reference to a dataset: [dataset] Oguro, M., Imahiro, S., Saito, S., Nakashizuka, T. (2015).
Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions . Mendeley Data, v1. https://doi.org/10.17632/xwj98nb39r.1. Below are a number of ways in marx which you can associate data with your article or make a statement about the availability of Global Warming: A Human Cause? Essay, your data when submitting your manuscript. If you are sharing data in one of marx ideas, these ways, you are encouraged to cite the data in your manuscript and reference list. Please refer to the References section for more information about data citation. For more information on depositing, sharing and using research data and other relevant research materials, visit the research data page. If you have made your research data available in a data repository, you can link your article directly to the dataset. Elsevier collaborates with a number of repositories to link articles on ScienceDirect with relevant repositories, giving readers access to who gets scarce resources in a underlying data that gives them a better understanding of the research described. There are different ways to link your datasets to your article. When available, you can directly link your dataset to your article by providing the relevant information in the submission system.
For more information, visit the ideas, database linking page. For supported data repositories a repository banner will automatically appear next to your published article on ScienceDirect. In addition, you can link to relevant data or entities through identifiers within the text of your manuscript, using the following format: Database: xxxx (e.g., TAIR: AT1G01020; CCDC: 734053; PDB: 1XFN). This journal supports Mendeley Data, enabling you to deposit any research data (including raw and hurricane processed data, video, code, software, algorithms, protocols, and methods) associated with your manuscript in a free-to-use, open access repository. Marx? Before submitting your article, you can deposit the relevant datasets to Mendeley Data . Please include the DOI of the corporation advantages, deposited dataset(s) in your main manuscript file. Marx? The datasets will be listed and directly accessible to readers next to your published article online. You have the option of converting any or all parts of your supplementary or additional raw data into one or multiple data articles, a new kind of article that houses and describes your data. Data articles ensure that your data is actively reviewed, curated, formatted, indexed, given a DOI and publicly available to all upon publication.
You are encouraged to hurricane island submit your article for Data in Brief as an ideas additional item directly alongside the who gets scarce resources market, revised version of your manuscript. If your research article is accepted, your data article will automatically be transferred over to Data in ideas Brief where it will be editorially reviewed and published in the open access data journal, Data in Global A Human Essay Brief . Please note an open access fee of 500 USD is payable for marx publication in Data in Brief . Advantages? Full details can be found on the Data in Brief website. Ideas? Please use this template to write your Data in Brief. To foster transparency, we encourage you to state the availability of your data in jstor yorku your submission. This may be a requirement of your funding body or institution. If your data is unavailable to access or unsuitable to post, you will have the marx ideas, opportunity to indicate why during the submission process, for example by poetry, stating that the marx ideas, research data is confidential. The statement will appear with your published article on ScienceDirect. For more information, visit the Data Statement page. Abbreviations for advantages units should follow the suggestions of the British Standards publication BS 1991. The full stop should not be included in ideas abbreviations, e.g. m (not m.), ppm (not p.p.m.), % and '/' should be used in preference to 'per cent' and 'per'. Where abbreviations are likely to cause ambiguity or may not be readily understood by an international readership, units should be put in full.
Current recognised (IUPAC) chemical nomenclature should be used, although commonly accepted trivial names may be used where there is no risk of who gets resources in a market, ambiguity. The use of proprietary names should be avoided. Papers essentially of an advertising nature will not be accepted. If preferred, you can still choose to annotate and upload your edits on the PDF version. All instructions for proofing will be given in the e-mail we send to authors, including alternative methods to the online version and PDF. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and marx correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at corporation this stage with permission from the Editor.
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Write My English Paper - Karl Marx and the Theory of Communism - History… - Gettysburg College
Nov 21, 2017 Marx ideas,
5 Tips for Telling Better Stories. This post is part of my ongoing effort to glean useful career skills from marx attending more arts and cultural events. William Lee and jstor yorku, Rick Patrick are the ideas, co-creators of #8220;Talkingstick,#8221; a performance series that is part of the increasingly popular storytelling movement where people stand up before a live audience and hurricane island outward, tell stories. I know Master Lee (his stage name) and Mr. Marx Ideas! Patrick because we play poker together, and I#8217;ve noticed something interesting about them: As experienced storytellers, they are so familiar with spotting exaggeration and lies that they can quickly identify a bluff in a poker game. It is well established that being a good storyteller is a useful skill in careers (and not just for journalists and poker players). Cause?! We need to marx, tell stories all the time #8212; to position ourselves in the job market, to pitch a new business idea to investors, to explain why a failure was actually a success, and so on. I recently attended a #8220;Talkingstick#8221; show and sat down with Master Lee and Mr. Patrick to learn some of the techniques they use to john milton paradise, tell good stories. Here#8217;s what I learned: 1. Keep it simple. The brain gets overwhelmed when trying to ideas, process too much information.
2. Openings and closings are very important. When Master Lee and symbolism poetry, Mr. Patrick organize their shows, they make sure to begin and end the marx ideas, evenings with their strongest material since this is often what stays with the listener. That is the same reason skilled public speakers often memorize the beginning and ending of a speech but allow themselves to improvise more in the middle. 3. Who Gets Resources! Be mindful of your story#8217;s spine. If your story has six parts, all six parts must be essential. Beware of tangents: if something goes too far astray, you will probably lose your audience#8217;s attention. 4. Make sure not to alienate your audience.
When speaking about delicate subjects or things that have the potential to offend, carefully plan your approach. Mr. Patrick tells a story about a pedophile priest in his hometown, but he has crafted the marx ideas, story in a way that draws listeners in before he reveals the sensitive details. #8220;When I was 15, something happened in my hometown that you don#8217;t mention,#8221; he begins. Later he draws the island outward, audience in further by adding, #8220;You all know you had one in your hometown, too.#8221; 5. Tell the truth. According to Mr. Patrick and Master Lee, if you are not telling the truth, listeners will know.
Even stand-up comics #8212; who are permitted exaggeration #8212; perform best when their material stems from the truth. Failure to ideas, make comfortable eye contact (usually by looking away or looking too long) or providing too much information are two common tip-offs that someone is not telling the truth. These might come in handy for calling someone#8217;s bluff at advantages the poker table. Marx Ideas! But in island outward bound business, things can be a little more subtle. #8220;A certain amount of marx, lying is ingrained in the business world,#8221; Mr. Patrick said. #8220;We#8217;ve all heard #8216;everything is fine#8217; right before the who gets scarce economy?, company#8217;s demise.#8221; In those instances, it#8217;s a good idea to marx, look for an excess of jargon. A Human Essay! Remember, good stories can be told in simple language.
Comments are no longer being accepted. Good post Marci. Marx Ideas! Storytelling is huge in business #8212; the Silicon Valley Junto devoted one session to discussing this very topic. Great post and great advice! These are very useful storytelling tips, ones that we use often in our business of marketing and media relations for nonprofits. When pitching a story, sending a press release, or talking to the media, it is essential to keep your messages clear and compelling.
The age old composition class adage is true, to hurricane, write or tell an effective story, stick to what you know. We all have problem telling stories. I am not a natural storyteller, and I#8217;m very aware that effective leaders usually are good storytellers. I would love to learn more about how to tell a good story, not to marx, go compete or perform somewhere, but to Global Warming: A Human Essay, hold a group#8217;s attention the ideas, next time I#8217;m leading a meeting or even socializing with colleagues. I work in an area of human resources, where storytelling is abound. I would say to be cautious of slick-talking Ivy degree people.. some are just filled with lies.
Not all, just some are expert at #8220;story tales.#8221; It#8217;s so cool that you interviewed #8220;Master Lee#8221;. I have seen him perform around the city for many years, and it is great to see how a performer can make a living doing his art. A very interesting post. Any suggestions for folks on where and how to Global Cause?, learn or improve their storytelling skills? I have always admired those who can tell a great story. It has been my experience that the marx ideas, most. successful professionals are very good at storytelling. If there is a group(similar to symbolism poetry, ToastMasters)where one can learn to marx, be better storytellers, I would sure like to join. I love your blog Marci! Interesting post Marci.
It#8217;s for these very reasons that I believe the future is online resume portfolios with videos, audio, documents and photos as a way to paradise quotes, tell your story in a captivating way! First Student Resume Network. good story thats all. Shifting Careers is a column and blog that highlights the marx ideas, newfangled ways we are custom-blending careers, and shares tips for doing it better. The column appears in jstor yorku the Business section of the paper on the fourth Thursday of the month. It also appears exclusively online once a month. In between, the conversation continues on this blog.
Marci Alboher is your guide.
Thesis & Essays: Buy Local Essay Best Texts! - The Ideas of Karl Marx - In Defence of… - University of California (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA
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college term paper How to marx Write Term Papers. Writing a term paper is one of the most common requirements for an upper-division course such as the one for which this book was probably assigned. Such term papers usually count for a significant part of your final grade. Yet many, perhaps most, students have never received formal instruction about how to write a good research report. The following pages are meant to help you write an A paper by giving you some guidelines about how to go about your research and writing. Why do instructors assign papers? Answering this question is a good place to start thinking about term papers because if you know why papers are such a common assignment, then perhaps you can approach the task with added enthusiasm and who gets scarce, dedication. Two goals usually motivate this assignment. One goal relates to the specific subject of the ideas, course; the other goal is based on your professional development. The first course-specific goal is to resources in a market increase your expertise in some particular substantive area.
The amount that you learn from this or almost any other course will be expanded significantly by doing research and by writing a paper. The effort will allow you to ideas delve into the intricacies of a specific topic far beyond what is possible in the no doubt broad lectures that your instructor must deliver in symbolism poetry, class. Marx? Your research will go beyond the necessarily general commentary found in this text. The second and probably more important goal behind a paper-writing assignment extends beyond the specific content of the course. The object is to sharpen your analytic and writing skills in preparation for Warming: Cause? the professional career that you may wish to pursue after graduation. Marx? Do not underestimate the importance of such thinking and symbolism poetry, communications skills. Most professional positions that college graduates seek will eventually require that you find information, analyze it, and convey your conclusions and recommendations to others, including your boss. Ideas? You will be judged by jstor yorku your product. Marx Ideas? A survey of ranking business executives a few years ago asked them what accounted for the rise of their most successful young subordinates compared to the failure or slow progress of symbolism, other junior executives. Communications skills was one of the factors most mentioned by the top executives.
No matter how smart you are, no matter how much you know, these assets will be hidden unless you can communicate well. The evaluation of your academic and professional work will be based partly on its substantive quality. A well-researched, clearly organized, incisively analyzed, powerfully written report will enhance your professional standing; a poorly done report will cast a shadow on marx ideas your professional competency. It is also important to realize that your report will be judged in symbolism, part by such standards as neatness, grammar, and spelling, and other such technical criteria. It is not uncommon for marx ideas university instructors to who gets in a economy? get papers that represent a good research and ideas, analytical effort but that are sloppy, contain numerous grammatical errors, are full of misspellings, or are burdened by other such technical deficiencies.
Such shortcomings make you look bad. It is very difficult for an instructor (or, later on, your boss) to be dazzled by your intellectual acumen while being simultaneously appalled by your English usage. Also do not delude yourself with the common refrain, When I get on the job, I will do it right. It takes practice to jstor yorku do things well. That is true for rollerblading, shooting baskets, and playing the guitar. It is ideas, also true for doing a research paper. Now, in corporation advantages and disadvantages, college, is the time to ideas practice and resources market, learn. Your instructor is likely to be more patient and helpful than your boss will ever be. Most successful efforts require some planning.
Here are two hints about what to do before you begin to do research on, much less write, your paper. Both hints are tritely obvious; both are regularly ignored to the student's disadvantage. 1. Follow instructions. Your instructor will (or at least should) let you know what is marx ideas, expected. Far too often, students write papers that do not fulfill the assigned task. If you do not understand the lost quotes, assignment, if you have any doubts at all, discuss it with your instructor. Ideas? It is not uncommon in corporation advantages, class or on the job for a person to get instructions, to not understand them, but to be reluctant to ask for clarification for fear of seeming dumb. Marx? This is a significant error. In the first place, your boss will probably not think less of you for asking for and disadvantages clarification.
In the second place, asking for supplementary instructions is ideas, far, far better than doing a report that does not meet the needs of your boss and jstor yorku, is not what he or she wanted. That really makes you look dumb. 2. Marx Ideas? Do not wait until the last minute. Last-minute efforts usually read like last-minute efforts! Plan backward from the date the paper is due to allow plenty of time to get it done.
A good paper requires careful preparation, research, critical thinking, and writing. These steps take time. Also, allow time for the unexpected. Computers crash or files get erased; printer toner or ribbons run out and have to be replaced; personal crises arise. You need to be able to cope with these and still get the corporation advantages, paper done on marx time. My hard disk crashed is one of the modern excuses of choice; it is no more acceptable than the classic, My dog ate my paper. John? Being late with reports in marx ideas, class or on the job is hurricane outward bound, a very, very bad idea. The next step in your progress toward an award-winning research paper is to marx ideas choose your topic carefully.
If you are responsible for choosing your own topic, put some thought into milton paradise lost, this decision. First, as mentioned, make sure any topic you select fulfills the paper assignment. Marx Ideas? Second, if possible pick a topic that interests you. The more interested you are in a topic, the easier it will be for you to devote time and energy to studying it and to writing about it. Third, ensure that you select a topic that fits the length of the paper that you intend to write, the research resources that are available to you, and your analytical tools. Length: If you attempt to write a 10-page paper entitled The President and Congress Struggle for Power: Two Centuries of Constitutional Conflict, then your paper is destined to be a mile wide and an inch deep, as they say. It is better to do something more narrowly focused and to do it well than to give a superficial treatment of a large subject. Research Resources: Trying to write a paper on Secret Military Operations in the Persian Gulf War would also be a mistake because the government has not released the relevant information.
You should take the holdings of your library into A Human Cause?, account. If you are at a major research university, you can probably find whatever you need. Even at large libraries, however, you may have trouble finding good sources to marx ideas support a research paper on U.S.-Sri Lankan relations or U.S. policy regarding international cooperation in the development of mining technology. As your library holdings decrease, your ability to study unusual or narrow topics decreases as well. So be careful not to choose a topic that destines you to fail. Analytical Tools: If you are going to jstor yorku pick a topic such as The Use by marx ideas the Federal Reserve of the Warming: A Human Cause?, Discount Rate to Influence Monetary Relations, then you had better be sure you have the background to understand the ideas, complexities that you will encounter. Similarly, ensure that you have the symbolism poetry, proper statistical skills if you are going to analyze votes in ideas, Congress to see whether length of service, party affiliation, constituency interest, or the who gets economy?, margin of victory is most closely associated with a senator's support of presidential proposals. For all of these issues, rule number 1 here and throughout this writing guide is check with the instructor if there is any doubt in your mind. Indeed, it is ideas, a very good idea to symbolism poetry write a paragraph on what you intend to analyze, show it to the professor, and get his or her reaction.
Now the project begins in earnest. Marx Ideas? Good research is the foundation of your paper. Resources Market? It stands to reason that without a solid foundation, the paper you build will inevitably be weak. As a general rule, your paper will be stronger if you use a good variety of the marx ideas, most up-to-date, and the most specific and expert, resources. The Library: The place to do research is the library. Do not be intimidated if the library on symbolism poetry your campus is big and unfamiliar. Marx? Even the most experienced faculty member needs help sometimes, particularly when using such specialized sources as government documents. The good news is that assistance is readily available. This appendix will presently outline some of the main resources you may find in hurricane outward, your library.
The list can serve only as a very brief introduction, however, so it is marx ideas, important to make use of the library's staff. When you get lost, as we all do, ask the nearest librarian for who gets market help. Actually just standing around and looking confused will suffice sometimes to summon aid. Research Strategies: When you are doing your research it is important to be creative. Here are a few tips:
1. Start out by reading a general study or two on your subject. This will give you a broad grasp of your topic and marx ideas, will help you identify what is important and on what you need to focus your research. Simply jumping in and beginning to scarce in a do research in specialized studies can often waste a considerable amount of ideas, your time. Textbooks can also be helpful. For many topics, one starting point might be a U.S. diplomatic history text such as American Foreign Policy (Paterson, Clifford, Hagan, 1991a, b).
A general introduction to international relations such as International Politics on john paradise quotes the World Stage (Rourke, 1995) might also prove helpful to gain an overview of a topic. 2. Treat research like a detective story. Search under a variety of subject headings when looking for sources in the physical or computerized card catalog, in an index, or any other finding aid. If, for example, you are doing a paper on Vietnam, do not limit yourself to looking under V for marx ideas Vietnam. Other likely subject headings might be Asia, Southeast; Ho Chi Minh; Kissinger, Henry; Johnson, Lyndon B.; Nixon, Richard M.; U.S.-Foreign Relations; or U.S.-History. 3. Look at the most recent books and journal articles first. These sources will usually contain a bibliography and notes that list earlier works on the subject.
This can be an invaluable as well as a time-saving step in locating supplementary source material. 4. Photocopy important material. If you can afford it, photocopying is much faster than taking notes and Global Warming:, there is less chance for error. If you take written notes, use index cards. Larger cards are better than smaller ones. Use one card for each quote, statistic, or other piece of marx, research that you collect. Cards work well because they can be arranged easily. For topics with distinct parts, you might even want to try a different color card for each part. Some people use portable computers to take notes. If you do, be sure to make a backup copy on Global Cause? Essay a floppy disk. 5. Marx Ideas? Make a careful and complete notation of the who gets scarce economy?, source of your material.
Later on we will cover why and how to cite material, but there is nothing more frustrating than having to go back to the library to look up a citation that you should have noted clearly and completely in marx ideas, the first place. Your library contains many types of resources that you can utilize to do your research. The following list is scarce in a economy?, a mere beginning. Use it, but also go to your library, wander about marx ideas, a bit looking at its various sections and the resources that each contains, and ask librarians about what is scarce resources market, available. Ideas? You may be surprised at how many resources you discover. Reference Works: One of the most important places in your library is the reference room. Corporation? We will mention some of the resources you will find there, but if you follow our advice about exploring this resource area, you may save yourself many hours later on. The materials in the reference room are valuable resources for beginning to structure the basic outline of your topic. Political science encyclopedias and dictionaries are one type of marx ideas, resource. There are many. Global Warming: A Human Essay? For an marx American foreign policy course you might wish to look at sources such as the resources in a market, Dictionary of American Diplomatic History (Findling, 1989) or, at the most general level of ideas, political science, you might wish to consult The Encyclopedic Dictionary of American Government (Dushkin, 1991).
There are similar works, such as The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (Krieger, 1993), that are global in scope. Then there are resources such as Editorial Research Reports , the Political Handbook of the World , or the corporation and disadvantages, Index to International Public Opinion that deal with particular topics, give summaries of various governments, or take other specialized approaches. Such works are normally acceptable sources; general-purpose encyclopedias (such as the Encyclopaedia Britannica , the World Book , etc.) typically are not suitable, although the marx ideas, bibliographies they include with individual topics may prove helpful. In a U.S. foreign policy class, an often overlooked place to start is the series of hurricane island, works published by Congressional Quarterly. Weekly updates come in marx, the form of the jstor yorku, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Reports . Information on an annual basis comes out in the Congressional Quarterly Almanac . Multiyear summaries called Congress and the Nation are available as well. Marx Ideas? These contain the basics of most U.S. foreign policy actions.
Besides coverage of congressional policy making, summaries of presidential or executive branch actions are included as well. Jstor Yorku? The reference room also has bibliographies of works on various subjects. These are classified under Z. Check with the marx, reference librarians. They may save you time. Books: Use your library's computer access system or card catalog for books on your subject. A good place to start is with the Library of Congress Subject Headings for ways to cross-reference your search for books. In the Library of Congress system, most U.S. history is under the letter E. For economics, look at H; for world history, consult books under D. Under H, the subsets of HC, HG, and HJ are particularly good for economics. The letter J encompasses most works on political science. As subsets, the poetry, letters JK focus on U.S. politics; JL, JN, and JQ cover other parts of the world; and JX covers international politics. Military affairs are under U. It is valuable to know these letters because sometimes it is ideas, worthwhile to simply go to the stacks where those letters are shelved and hurricane island outward, browse a bit to uncover resources that you may have missed in your computer or card catalog search. The shelves in the reference room are partly arranged using the Library of Congress system.
Older books are also sometimes catalogued under the marx ideas, Dewey decimal system with the 300s and corporation advantages, 900s of especial relevance to political science and history. Scholarly Journal Articles: Some topics, like U.S. diplomacy during the marx ideas, recent fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina, may be so contemporary that there are few or no books yet available. In such cases, scholarly journals are more likely sources of information and analysis. You should consult journals even for noncontemporary topics because scholars may have found new information or conducted new analyses. The places to scarce resources in a find journal articles are the Public Affairs Information Service , the Social Sciences Index , the S ocial Sciences Citation Index , and the ABC Pol Sci . You should be able to find most, if not all of these, in ideas, your library's reference room. Scarce In A Economy?? Just a few of the leading journals in foreign policy and international affairs are Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Affairs, International Organization, International Security, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of International Affairs, Orbis, and World Politics. There are also many journals such as the American Political Science Review that contain general political science research.
Government Publications: You may also find valuable information that has been published in marx, a report of a governmental agency, in hearings or reports of a congressional committee, or in the transcripts of the proceedings of Congress. The United Nations and a number of other international organizations also publish proceedings and reports. There are several indexes available. The Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications provides a comprehensive list of sources. The CIS/Index by the Congressional Information Service abstracts and indexes congressional hearings and poetry, reports. Debates and other proceedings of Congress are found in the daily Congressional Record. At some schools, accessing government documents can be a challenge. Marx Ideas? See your reference librarians for symbolism poetry help with government publications. Newsmagazines and marx ideas, Newspapers: If you are covering a current topic or need to have a day-by-day account of events and cannot find one elsewhere, you may be forced to symbolism turn to marx newsmagazines and newspapers. Be sure, however, to check with your instructor to ensure that these are considered acceptable sources for your assignment.
Mostly they are useful for facts or for contemporary quotes and are usually not good sources of analysis. Your library may have a computerized access system such as InfoTrac to assist you. The Reader's Guide to corporation Periodical Literature also helps access this material. Additionally, major newspapers like the New York Times, Washington Post, and Los Angeles Times are indexed. Some are now available on marx CD-ROM, allowing you to use the computer to search by subject and then print out the relevant stories. For instance, InfoTrac is one CD-ROM-based system that among other things indexes the New York Times, Washington Post, Christian Science Monitor, Wall Street Journal, and Los Angeles Times. The Lexis/Nexis computer database will not only provide you with indexed citations of journalistic articles, but also with the text of the article in who gets resources in a economy?, most instances. See the reference librarians for ideas help with such resources. There are sources such as Facts on File and Keesing's Contemporary Archives that are compilations of scarce resources market economy?, weekly news events and marx ideas, are indexed. World Wide Web (WWW) Electronic Resources: Over the hurricane outward, past few years it has become increasingly easy to find research information by using the Internet.
Until recently the Gopher system of ideas, data archives was the milton paradise lost, dominant form of Internet information access, but now most governmental and marx, nongovernmental organizations, universities, and Warming: Cause? Essay, even many businesses have developed access to marx their research resources over the graphic environment on the World Wide Web. John Lost Quotes? The following are a number of Web sites that will get you started in marx ideas, searching for milton paradise quotes information you may need in writing your research paper. Although some of the Uniform Resource Locators (URL) listed below are for specific information sources, most provide you with hot-linked lists that will get you to where you might want to look for information. It is important to note that URLs change frequently. If any of these do not work for you, double-check the URL or contact the organization sponsoring the page. Miscellaneous Sources: Our listing here can only begin to cover what is in ideas, your library. There may be a map room.
There may also be an audio-visual section. Some libraries contain archives or a rare book collection. Talk to a librarian or your professor for added information. Also realize that no library has everything. Consequently, you may find references to sources that are not found in jstor yorku, your library. You can usually order such sources from other libraries through the interlibrary loan program. Check with your reference librarians to learn how to use this service. Be advised, however, that interlibrary loans take some time.
So order any needed sources as early as possible. External Sources: Knowledge is not confined to libraries or even campuses. A surprising number of students know someone who knows something about the specifics of some U.S. Marx? foreign policy issue. Even if you do not know someone personally, you might find it interesting and hurricane island bound, possible to conduct an interview with a decision maker or some other relevant person. Some students have been known to telephone the State Department for information successfully. Others have called the marx, United Nations Missions or local consulates of other countries involved to get information from them.
For advice on unconventional sources, see your instructor. The keys to hurricane bound effective papers are good organization and presentation of ideas and error-free technical skills. There are a number of sources that you can access to help you both organize and write your paper. Some are: Writer's Guide: Political Science (Biddle Holland, 1987); The Chicago Manual of marx, Style (1993); The Write Stuff (Cronin, 1986); Writing with Power (Elbow, 1981); The Elements of Style (Strunk White, 1979); and A Manual for poetry Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian, 1987). Our comments on writing a paper that follow may prove helpful to you, but they are not substitutes for the fuller discussions you will find in these writing guides. There are three organizational issues to ideas consider.
They are the outline, the parts of the hurricane bound, paper, and the approach. Outline: No one would think of marx, building a house, computer, or other important and complex project without a plan. Students regularly write papers without a plan. As a result, poor organization is a common weakness of undergraduate term papers. The best way to construct your plan and to organize information for maximum effect is to put together an outline. Scarce Resources In A Market Economy?? An outline serves to lay out your paper's structure, to marx ensure that it is complete and logical, and to prevent you from getting off the corporation and disadvantages, track.
Determine what you wish to marx ideas accomplish in the paper; then prepare an outline specifying every step from Introduction to poetry Conclusion. Linear writing is crucial in ideas, professional papers and milton quotes, reports. A good outline also serves to help you later: It ensures that you stay on ideas track, write an jstor yorku accurate summary for your conclusions, and cover all of the relevant information and arguments. Parts: All papers should have three basic parts: an introduction, a main body, and a conclusion. The introduction is the key to letting your reader know where you are headed and what you will accomplish. Remember always that while the organization of your paper may be clear to you, it is marx, not clear to island outward bound your reader. Therefore, the introduction is something like a road map that acquaints the reader with the journey ahead. Ideas? This will make it easier for the reader to understand what follows and will improve the reader's evaluation of your work. Tell the reader in concise terms (1) what the subject of the paper is, (2) what it is that you hope to find out, and (3) how you will go about it. If you are writing an advanced, theoretical paper, your introduction might well also include a review of the existing scholarship on the subject, a section in which you identify how you collected your data and other information, and a discussion of the methodology you will use.
Wolfinger (1993) is a guide for such advanced papers. The main body is the island outward bound, largest part of the paper. It should have a logical organization. Especially if the paper is long, it is often a good idea to marx ideas divide the main body into sections designated by headings and subheadings. Look at almost any text, including this one, and you will see that it uses headings to help keep the reader aware of the organizational structure. Also with regard to your main body, do not assume knowledge on the part of the reader. Include all important information, explain its significance, and detail your logic. Paradise Quotes? Write your paper as though its reader will be a reasonably intelligent and informed person but not an expert on your topic. Your instructor wants to marx ideas know what you know and will not read into the paper information that is not there.
The conclusion should sum up what you have found and stress the evidence that supports your analysis. There is something very human about wanting to have things summed up, so do not leave your reader hanging without a conclusion. Approach: There are several ways to approach your paper. A common organizational approach is jstor yorku, a chronological one. The advantage of this approach is that it uses the passage of time as its organizing mechanism. Marx? The disadvantage of a chronological approach is that it can easily become a laundry list of events, both important and unimportant.
Students often list everything they find, leaving it to the reader to determine which factors are most important. Chronologies are also no substitute for analysis. There is nothing wrong with a chronological approach if it is done well; just be sure to put more emphasis throughout on Global A Human Cause? Essay why things happened than on what happened. A more analytic approach would be organized around a set of factors, or variables, that are important to the subject of the paper. Theoretical approaches can also be used to organize a paper. See Allison's (1971) Essence of Decision for an illustration of such an analytic approach. Whatever approach you choose, bear in mind that a cardinal rule is, analyze, analyze, analyze! Summarizing your findings in the conclusion does not mean that this is the only place to put you in the paper.
Your analysis should appear throughout the paper. A big error that many novice writers make is to use the main body of the paper to create a heap of facts and to wait until the marx, conclusion to say what they mean. This approach is boring and will not impress your readers with your analytical ability. Poetry? The best papers by far are those that draw data, events, and other material together and marx ideas, interpret them throughout. Besides organization, the other hallmark of a good paper is clarity in writing.
Remember that if a paper fails to communicate well, then its research-no matter how well done--will have little impact. There is an john lost old piece of marx ideas, advice that says, write like you speak. This is terrible advice, at least for formal papers. Jstor Yorku? Good written communication is somewhat different from good spoken communication. When you speak to someone, especially face to face, you can convey meaning through voice inflection, gestures, and marx ideas, other methods in addition to your words. These methods are not available in written communications. Therefore, choice of advantages, words, punctuation, and other considerations are particularly vital when you write. Good writing can be divided into marx ideas, three parts: effort, style considerations, and jstor yorku, technical matters. Effort: Thomas Alva Edison once supposedly commented that Genius is ideas, one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration. That is advantages, true whether one is inventing the lightbulb or creating an essay, a report, or a book. Writing and polishing drafts of a paper take time and effort.
They cannot be done the night before the paper is due. If you sit down at your word processor the marx, night before your report is due and corporation, write it into the wee hours of the morning, you will almost certainly leave your reader as bleary-eyed when he or she reads the paper as you were when you wrote it. Two things to do are to write drafts and to get others to read your paper. 1. Write a draft, preferably more than one. No professional writer would dream of sending a manuscript out for review or to marx press without writing multiple drafts. Indeed, the more one writes, the more one feels the jstor yorku, need to do drafts. Only undergraduates have the hubris to keyboard a paper into the computer, print a copy out, hand it in, and wait confidently for that rave review and an A grade from the instructor. A better idea is to marx ideas write a first draft. Note here that the adjective rough does not precede draft.
Your draft should be complete and carefully done. Global A Human Cause? Essay? Once your smooth draft is done, put it aside for a few days so that you can gain perspective. Then reread it. You may be surprised at how many ways you find to improve what you have written when you look at marx ideas, it with fresh eyes. The same is true for symbolism poetry your third and subsequent drafts. 2. Get help.
There are many people who can help you write a first-rate paper. One person is your instructor. Ideas? Discuss your topic and your ideas with your professor. He or she may be able to help you refine your topic, avoid pitfalls, identify resources, or plan the paper's organization. Submit drafts to jstor yorku your professor far enough ahead of the deadline to give the instructor time to suggest revisions. It may prove helpful also to ask a classmate, a family member, or someone else to read your paper.
Most people are not good judges of their own writing. We tend to read what we meant to say, not what we actually wrote. A fresh reader will be able to ideas point out technical errors and lapses in your argument and organization. Writing centers are another source of scarce resources in a market economy?, help at many colleges and universities. You may have already paid for such assistance with your tuition dollars; you might as well use it. Style Considerations: It may take innate talent to become a great literary figure, but achieving a reasonably pleasing literary style is possible for marx ideas everyone who exercises a little care. A few suggestions should help you write a paper that has literary, as well as intellectual, merit. 1. Watch your sentence structure. Students and scholars too often seem to assume that long, complex sentences are symbolic of profundity. Advantages? They are not; they are mostly just cumbersome.
Simple, subject-verb-object sentences are best. Marx? They are powerful. Corporation Advantages? Still, if you do not vary them occasionally, numerous short sentences do not read well. So, after several simple sentences, add a longer one. But do not go too far the ideas, other way. Consider Rourke's Rule of 2s: Sentences more than two lines long or with more than two commas are probably too long to symbolism be understood easily, especially if there have been two in marx, a row. 2. Rely on active tense, action verbs. Avoid the passive tense (No: Politicians are disliked by many people. Yes: Many people dislike politicians.). Similarly, action verbs (made, jumped, went) are better than verbs of being (is, are, were). In general, active/action verbs generate more interest.
3. Use standard English. Colloquial English typically does not make a good impression unless you are writing fiction. Obscenities and other forms of gutter English are almost never acceptable. 4. Avoid starting too many sentences with adverbial or adjectival clauses or phrases. These are the short phrases (such as In the morning, we went. ) that are often followed by a comma.
Also shun beginning or ending sentences with words or phrases such as: however, though, for example, for instance. 5. Watch your paragraph length. Paragraphs over one page in length are usually too long. They may contain redundant statements or more than one major idea. Rework such paragraphs to delete unnecessary text or to separate ideas into hurricane island bound, additional paragraphs. At the other extreme, one-sentence paragraphs are not acceptable. Remember that each paragraph should have a topic sentence and several others that explain or develop that topic. 6. Ideas? Rely on transitions between paragraphs. Conventions like On the other hand, Still, Also, Nevertheless, Thus, However, or As a result help the reader get from Global Warming:, one thought to another. They smooth the reading process. 7. Avoid clichés.
They fought like cats and dogs over which policy to adopt. Ugh! 8. Get to ideas the point. Do not beat around the milton, bush; save a tree; avoid word pollution. Technical Matters: Your paper must be free of common writing mistakes. Marx Ideas? Cautions about some of jstor yorku, these are: 1. Avoid sentence fragments. Every sentence must have a subject and a verb.
2. Check your spelling. Misspelled words make you appear uneducated, careless, or both. Keep in mind that misspelled words and typographical errors cannot be distinguished from each other by marx a reader. Both are unacceptable. Some professional proofreaders read a manuscript backwards to john milton lost check for spelling. Try it. Do not rely on marx just your own sense of how words are spelled. Corporation Advantages? Use a dictionary, a spell check program if you have a computer, and marx ideas, a second reader to proofread your drafts. Beware of spell checkers, though! Consider this sentence: Its necessary to get there attention or we may loose the vote. These three mistakes (its for it's, there for who gets market their, and marx, loose for and disadvantages lose) are common ones that would not be caught by most spell check programs.
Thus it is crucial to have a human scan your words. 3. Make sure subjects and verbs agree. Subject-verb disagreement is marx, most likely to who gets scarce resources market economy? occur when the two are separated in marx ideas, the sentences by who gets scarce resources market several other words. 4. Be careful of verb tense. Many poor writers use only ideas, present tense. Use past tense, future, and other tenses as appropriate. Also be careful to keep verb tense consistent within paragraphs. 5. Make pronouns mean what they say. Misuse of pronouns is poetry, very common.
A pronoun refers to the last noun of the same person and gender. Consider the sentences, John F. Kennedy was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, who was subsequently also shot and marx, killed. Many Americans wept at his death. What this means literally is that many Americans wept when they heard of scarce resources in a, Oswald's death because his refers to the closest prior singular masculine noun (Oswald). Ideas? Also, do not normally use pronouns more than twice in resources in a, a row to refer to the same noun. Use the noun or a variation thereof again for clarity. While we are on ideas the subject of pronouns, it is seldom correct to poetry use a gender-specific pronoun (he, she, him, her) to refer to an inanimate object. The United States, for example, is an it, not a she. 6. Do not split infinitives. Except when absolutely necessary to avoid misinterpretation, to and the marx ideas, verb should not be separated by an adverb. 7. Avoid the scarce market economy?, use of contractions.
Words like can't, won't, or don't are too informal for ideas a formal writing assignment. 8. Be careful of abbreviations. Corporation? Do not start sentences with abbreviations or numbers (unless spelled out). For countries, avoid using the abbreviation as a noun (No: The U.S. did. ); but the abbreviation is acceptable as an adjective (Yes: Current U.S. foreign policy. ). Marx? The first time you name someone, give his or her full name and corporation, the title if appropriate. Also do not use an marx ideas acronym unless it is very common without first spelling out the full name, as in, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). 9. Do not end sentences with prepositions. This rule is jstor yorku, being relaxed, but repetitive use of prepositions at the end of marx ideas, sentences is indicative of poor sentence structure.
10. Know when and how to use specific punctuation. Hurricane Outward Bound? The various style manuals mentioned earlier elaborate on the proper usage of commas, colons, semicolons, parentheses, brackets, and the like. All good research papers rely on information compiled by and analysis done by others. Marx? If you write a research paper without consulting other works, then you have written an bound essay, not a report. If you do rely in part on the work of other people and you do not cite them, you have failed in marx ideas, your responsibilities.
A research paper must cite the work of others. There are two reasons that citations are mandatory. The first is to allow the A Human Cause? Essay, reader to marx explore the Global Warming: Essay, subject further by consulting the works that you have utilized. Without regular and complete citations, such further exploration by your reader is difficult or impossible. Second, intellectual honesty requires citations. Failure to use them is plagiarism, which is unacceptable in any form. Marx Ideas? Plagiarism is the theft of the thoughts, facts, or knowledge of others by not giving them proper credit. When to Cite: Follow these guidelines to protect yourself: 1. Anytime you quote or paraphrase the thoughts or work of others, cite the jstor yorku, source.
It is incorrect to believe that only quotations require citations. You should also insert a note whenever you are relying on someone else's thoughts or research, even if you are only paraphrasing (putting it in your own words). 2. Simple, commonly known facts need not be footnoted. Ideas? A rule of thumb is that if you did not know the information before you started the paper, then you should use a citation to show where you found the information. Also, even if you know something when you start, you should cite the source of any controversial fact (Ireland's St.
Brenden and the Vikings came to john milton the New World before Columbus). 3. Marx Ideas? When in Global Warming: Cause? Essay, doubt, cite the source. Plagiarism is unethical. Instructors and other readers take it very seriously. Grades, reputations, and marx ideas, academic careers have been ruined by plagiarism. Err on the side of safety. One citation too many is far better than one citation too few.
How to Global A Human Essay Cite: The use of ideas, a correct format for citations used in endnotes or footnotes and in a bibliography often seem a bit complex and cumbersome, but doing so has two good points. Those advantages are completeness and who gets in a market economy?, consistency. Most styles fall into one of ideas, two categories, notation styles and reference-in-text styles. Notation style involves the use of numbers to indicate each citation. Each number's corresponding note may be at the bottom of the page as a footnote or at the end of the paper as an paradise lost quotes endnote. In either case, you should provide comprehensive information on each source the first time it appears as a footnote or an endnote, with shortened versions appearing in later footnotes or endnotes. At the marx, end of the paper, a bibliography repeats the full documentation of these sources, listing them alphabetically by author.
Bibliographies have their own formatting styles. A number of works demonstrate both citation and bibliography format styles, including A Manual for Writers of market economy?, Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian, 1980) and The Chicago Manual of Style (1993). A r eference-in-text style uses the author's name and the year of publication of the work, which are placed in parentheses and inserted at the appropriate place in the text. A page number is also included for marx ideas direct quotes and in some other cases. Then at the end of the paper or book there is milton paradise, a References or Works Cited section that contains the marx, full documentation for all the sources cited throughout the hurricane bound, body of the work. These sources are listed alphabetically by author. Reference-in-text styles are increasingly the norm in social science, and most are some variant of the style developed by the American Psychological Association (APA). For details of how to use such styles, see the APA's Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (1983); Writer's Guide: Political Science (Biddle Holland, 1987); or use this book as an illustration. Whatever citation style you choose, use it correctly and ideas, be consistent. Your job is not quite finished.
After writing the paper, you must prepare its physical presentation. Unless told otherwise, you should type your paper double-spaced, with one-inch margins on all four sides of each page. Your paper should feature a title page, the body of the paper, and then the bibliography, Works Cited, or References page(s). John Milton Quotes? If your instructor prefers some variation of this model, that will usually be specified in advance. Once again, it is important to stress that a paper is a whole product. A paper that contains impeccable research, cogent analysis, and marx ideas, brilliant writing will still evoke a negative reaction from the reader if it is wrinkled, printed sloppily, or barely readable because the ink on scarce market economy? the ribbon is exhausted. Some general guidelines include: 1. Printed material is preferable. Most instructors will not accept handwritten reports. Even if printing is not mandatory, a printed report has a more professional image than does a handwritten report. 2. Make sure the print is easily legible.
When you type or print your report, make sure that the ribbon or ink cartridge is up to par. 3. Do not play the margin, spacing, and font game. Professors are not naive and have read veritable mountains of papers. Having extra-wide margins; leaving extra spaces between paragraphs, headings, and excerpts; or using larger-size type or fonts to stretch a paper out (or doing the opposite to squeeze it in) are very obvious. You will not fool the instructor or anyone else.
So, why bother? 4. Number your pages. It is not uncommon for students to turn in papers with the ideas, pages out of order. Numbering the pages cuts down on this mistake. Also, unbound papers sometimes fall apart and must be reassembled. Numbered pages will facilitate this. 5. Scarce Market? Securely fasten the paper together. Paper clips are a bad idea.
Staples or one of the various types of binders sold by your bookstore are better. 6. Read your paper one last time. Even if the marx, paper seems finished, you can still find mistakes that prior proofreading missed. A last-minute pen-and-ink (never pencil) correction that is inserted neatly is better than an john paradise lost quotes error. 7. Go home and relax.
Get a pizza, watch some television, catch a movie! You deserve it after working hard and marx, writing a great paper. Congratulations!