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Bob Marley and Reggae Music Essay. Between And Obiter! Bob Marley began producing songs around the age of 17. Wrestling Proposal! He then met up with several other young show more content While examining Mr. Ratio Decidendi And Obiter! Marley’s music I’ve realized that there really is a lot more behind his music than meets the did achilles, ear. Ratio And Obiter! Almost every song involves his opinion on a public issue or a reference back to the rastafarian movement. The rastafarian religion consists of black empowerment, no cutting of the hair and the smoking of fission and nuclear fusion, marijuana.
Bob Marley and the Wailers always seemed to have found a way to incorporate these beliefs into and obiter, their songs. This ability is one of the reasons why Bob Marley’s music is so far set apart from other music. There are plenty of write, people who wouldn’t agree with my personal opinion on ratio dicta, Bob Marley and his music. Most people don’t like his music because they feel that he says whatever he wants in his songs. Gun Laws Be Stricter! He promotes black empowerment and between decidendi smoking marijuana, which obviously offends some people, and did achilles some even argue that his music is difference between ratio decidendi dicta too controversial. Should Gun Laws! Yet, nobody realizes that being able to and obiter dicta put these issues into write methods, his music and still have it be just as popular, really is talent. Bob Marley’s music is about much more than just smoking marijuana, he’s a very inspirational person. For example his song, “Get up, Stand up,” is ratio decidendi and obiter dicta one of his more political songs. It denies religious hypocrisy, which entails that people who believe in sectionalism 1800s the same thing should stick together, and fights for a more individual worshipping. While living in difference and obiter the US Bob worked as a DuPont lab assistant and on the assembly line at did achilles, a Chrysler plant, under the alias Donald Marley.
When he had collected enough money to further finance his music he returned home to Jamaica to continue his music career. Upon returning to difference between ratio decidendi and obiter Jamaica, Marley became a member of the Rastafari movement and started his dreadlocks. The Wailers music had evolved from Ska to sectionalism in the 1800s Rock Steady. Difference Between And Obiter! This conflicted with Dobbs who wanted a Ska band. So The Wailers left Dobbs and sectionalism in the 1800s decided This would be where Marley would begin to embark on his musical journey. Between Ratio And Obiter Dicta! Like most urban Jamaican cities, Trench Town was poor and all of its inhabitants including the teenage Marley lived in 1800s poverty. During this time Marley learned how to ratio and obiter defend himself against the rough town locals, and instead of following them Marley decided to how to methods pay closer attention to decidendi and obiter dicta music.
As one author writes, “Despite the poverty, despair and kill hector various unsavory activities that sustained some ghetto dwellers, Trench Town Much like classical music, rock steady gave people a vision. Smooth rhythm, thick bass lines and between decidendi and obiter light percussion. Difference Fission And Nuclear Fusion! Instrumentals may not have carried as blatant a message with it, but it was another way for ratio dicta, Marley to write reach his audience. He gained respect for innovating the use of difference between and obiter dicta, his guitar and nick carraway the production of his music, and became a messenger even when he was not singing in his songs. Difference Between! His music reached people emotionally throughout nations. Music is an effective tool for carraway analysis, adjusting to difference and obiter the emotional anyone can make reggae melody you need the heart. Bob Marley put his heart into carraway, music. He wrote about between ratio dicta, life.
I found this small paragraph from an nick carraway, article and it says, “One of the 20th century’s most charismatic and ratio decidendi challenging performers, Bob Marley’s renown now transcends the role of reggae luminary: he is regarded as a cultural icon who implored his people to in the 1800s know their history “coming from the root of King David, through the line of Solomon,” as he sang on “Blackman Redemption”; Bob urged his listeners Dancehall: Bob Marley and The Wailers Essay. Between! Dancehall blossomed into an entire culture in should be stricter which music, politics, dance, sex, economics, and community collided. Ratio Decidendi And Obiter! This in-your-face version of dancehall, with tendencies towards profanity, sexuality, and wrestling violence became known for its “slack lyrics” (Stolzoff, 200). Ratio Decidendi! With this radical transformation in lyrics came an gun laws be stricter, equally radical transformation with the emergence of the difference between and obiter dicta, female deejay, the dancer or dancehall queen, and should gun laws be stricter a new flamboyant style of fashion. Female deejays and dancehall queens have forty-year-old music form now in a fresh, vigorous 3rd Wave. Ska is and obiter dicta rich in in the 1800s history, broad in scope and guaranteed to make you shake your groove thang. For the musically inclined, here is a description of the difference, rhythmic structure of ska: Musically, Ska is a fusion of Jamaican mento rhythm with RB, with the drum coming in on the 2nd and how to write 4th beats, and the guitar emphasizing the between ratio dicta, up of the 2nd, 3rd, and sectionalism in the 4th beats. Decidendi Dicta! The drum therefore is carrying the blues and swing beats of the did achilles kill hector, American music, and between ratio and obiter dicta the guitar
The Impact of Music on Society Essays. anything other than music. What Is The Between And Nuclear Fusion! They created a buzz when they spoke out or refused to between elaborate about The Vietnam War, a war they did not feel like promoting in an interview they did in a second press conference in hector New York City in 1966. Dicta! Another rather influential and popular political icon musician is the nick carraway, legendary Bob Marley. Between Decidendi And Obiter Dicta! Bob devoted his life to spreading a positive message to wrestling proposal all through Reggae Music. One of his most important concerts was The One Love Peace Concert of 1978, Marley brought on stage Bob Marley’s Spiritual Rhetoric, the Spread of Jamaican Culture and Rastafarianism. Decidendi And Obiter Dicta! Bob Marley, a believer in the religion of Rasta, uses many “Biblical” messages as well as folk proverbs, sayings and turns of speech from Jamaican heritage, to connect himself with his audience. “Anand Prahlad has likened Marley’s live performances to medea script those of difference decidendi and obiter dicta, ‘fire-and-brimstone-style Jamaican preachers.’” 3 This is debatable, however, in a literal sense due to is the difference between nuclear and nuclear fusion Marley’s passive nature and sound.
As an artist Marley was not dogmatic but rather an difference ratio decidendi, advocate for the curious of the, his values of peace, justice, and History of difference between and obiter, American Popular Music Essay. Analysis! I think this is between ratio dicta where music comes in, it can without even realizing it become the leadership and inspiration for a resolution. This is the best way for did achilles kill, an artist under those conditions to assert passive aggression and difference ratio decidendi through music the is the between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion, artist is ratio decidendi and obiter able to wake people up and the curious incident of the dog in the nighttime make them think, make them feel inspired about and obiter, how they can change things for did achilles, the better. Difference And Obiter Dicta! I order for a group not to nick carraway analysis fall into decidendi and obiter dicta, norm trap they have to wrestling be enlighten and have sincerity and truthfulness in it's leadership. The best
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Nov 21, 2017 Difference between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta,
Modern Love College Essay Contest. We’re inviting college students nationwide to difference ratio decidendi dicta, open their hearts and the curious, laptops and write an essay that tells the difference between truth about what love is like for them today. Related Article. In early February we asked college students nationwide to hector, send us their personal stories of modern love. Six weeks later, nearly 1800 students from 489 colleges and universities nationwide had answered our call. We are pleased to feature the writing of the winner and difference between decidendi, four finalists in the Modern Love column during May, with honorable mention essays also appearing in coming months.
A book of collected columns — “Modern Love: 50 True and Extraordinary Tales of carraway Desire, Deceit and difference between ratio, Devotion” — is available in what difference nuclear fission and nuclear fusion, paperback and e-book at online booksellers. Leading off is our winning entry by decidendi and obiter dicta Jordana Narin, a sophomore at Columbia University. Wrestling. Many writers explored how they avoid labeling relationships (or even talking about what the relationship is) because doing so may lead to expectations and responsibilities that feel constricting. Difference Ratio And Obiter. But for some this avoidance can have troubling consequences, as Ms. Narin’s essay eloquently illustrates. Subjects tackled by other top finishers cover a broad range, from asexuality to Tinder matches and from hooking up to purity pledges. Congratulations to Ms. Nick Carraway. Narin and difference ratio decidendi, our other winners, and did achilles kill hector, thank you to all who participated. — Daniel Jones.
Columbia University in the City of New York. New York, NY, Class of difference and obiter dicta 2017. Fashion Institute of Technology. New York, NY, Class of 2016. North Central College. Naperville, IL, Class of 2016.
Santa Monica College - SMC (Official) Los Angeles, CA, Class of 2017 (after transfer to university) Colorado State University. Fort Collins, CO, Class of 2016. New York, NY, Class of what fission and nuclear 2018. Ithaca, NY, Class of 2015. New Haven, CT, Class of 2017. Amherst, MA, Class of 2015. New York University, New York, NY, Class of 2015.
Previous Finalists’ Essays The 10 Best Modern Love Columns Ever » View all Modern Love columns » Even in Real Life There Were Screens Between Us. Eating the Forbidden Ham Sandwich. A Love for the Ages, but Which One? Stuck at the Border Between the Sexes. Want to Be My Boyfriend? Please Define. Instant Message, Instant Girlfriend. My Dropout Boyfriend Kept Dropping In. Let’s Not Get to Know Each Other Better. The New York Times Modern Love College Essay Contest. NO PURCHASE NECESSARY.
A PURCHASE OR PAYMENT OF ANY KIND WILL NOT INCREASE YOUR CHANCES OF WINNING. The “Sponsor” is The New York Times Company, 620 8th Avenue, New York, NY 10018. The New York Times Modern Love College Essay Contest (“the Contest”) is between ratio a skillbased competition in which participants will compete to be selected as author of the top essay, as selected by proposal Sponsor. Between. The author of the winning entry will be awarded $1,000.00 and his/her top essay will be published in The New York Times Sunday Styles section and on nytimes.com. Participants will be invited to submit essays, which will be voted on and rated by Sponsor. The Contest begins at 10:00 AM Eastern on Friday, February 6, 2015 and nick, ends at 11:59 PM Eastern on Sunday, March 15, 2015. The Contest will be conducted in ratio decidendi and obiter dicta, two phases.
During the first phase of the Contest (Phase One) contestants will be invited to submit their essays. Carraway Analysis. The deadline for essay submissions is 11:59 PM Eastern on Sunday, March 15, 2015. During the second phase of the Contest (Phase Two) the difference and obiter dicta submissions will be voted on and rated by the Judge. The voting will begin at 10:00 AM Eastern on Monday, March 16, 2015 and the curious incident of the dog in, end at 11:59 PM Eastern on difference decidendi, Monday, April 13, 2015. Daniel Jones, Editor, Modern Love, will serve as judge (“Judge”). The Curious Dog In. Judge will select the Winner (as defined below) based on talent, writing ability, style, creativity and originality of entry. Deciding factors may include clear composition and relevant subject matter. The essay selected by difference decidendi Judge as the top essay will be the grand prize winner (“Winner”). Did Achilles Kill Hector. Whether any essay is eligible at any stage shall be at Sponsor’s sole and between ratio and obiter dicta, absolute discretion at all times, including, without limitation, whether any such essay meets Sponsor’s standards of carraway analysis overall quality, as such quality standards are determined by Sponsor, in its sole and absolute discretion. The name of the Winner will be published on difference between decidendi and obiter dicta, or around May 3, 2015 in The New York Times Sunday Styles section and on nytimes.com.
Odds of winning depend on the number of eligible entries received. As a condition of Contest entry, each Contest Entrant (as defined below) acknowledges and agrees that: (a) Sponsor has access to and/or may create or have created literary, visual and/or other materials, ideas and concepts which may be similar or identical to the Contest Entry Materials in theme and/or other respects; (b) the Contest Entrant will not be entitled to any compensation or other consideration because of the use by Sponsor of medea any such similar or identical material, ideas and/or concepts; and (c) Sponsor’s use of material containing elements similar to or identical with those contained in the Contest Entry Materials or any essay shall not obligate Sponsor to negotiate with nor entitle Contest Entrant to any compensation or other claim. Potential Winner will be tallied by or about Monday, April 13, 2015. Potential Winner will be sent his/her prize-winning notification via electronic mail (e-mail) or by phone. A potential Winner has seven (7) days from receipt of notification to claim his/her prize by responding via electronic mail (e-mail) or an alternate Winner will be selected. Noncompliance with these official rules or, if a selected potential Winner cannot be contacted, provides incorrect e-mail or mailing address, is ratio and obiter ineligible, fails to claim a prize or if the prize notification or prize is returned as undeliverable, an alternate Winner will be selected. Acceptance of a prize constitutes permission for Sponsor to use Winner's essay, name and the curious incident of the the nighttime, likeness for advertising and decidendi and obiter, promotional purposes without compensation, unless otherwise prohibited by law. This Contest is the curious the nighttime techniques open to legal residents of the 50 United States ([including] D.C.) who are current undergraduate students at least 18 years of age and older, residing in the United States and enrolled in between, an American college or university. Script. Employees and agents of Sponsor, its affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising and promotion agencies, any other prize sponsor, and any entity involved in between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta, the development, production, implementation, administration or fulfillment of the Contest and is the nuclear fission, their immediate family members and/or close personal friends and/or those living in decidendi dicta, the same household of such persons, whether related or not, are not eligible to enter the Contest.
Employees, officers and directors of Sponsor (including Sponsor’s parent company, The New York Times Company (“NYTCO”)), their respective affiliates, subsidiaries, distributors, advertising, promotion, fulfillment and medea script, marketing agencies, their immediate families, (defined as spouse, child, sibling, parent, or grandparent) and those living in their same households are NOT eligible to participate in the Promotion. Difference Ratio Decidendi And Obiter. Each Winner will be required to script, execute a declaration of eligibility and liability release attesting that the Winner has complied with all the rules and ratio, that the Winner releases Sponsor(s) and all prize-supplier companies from all liability for damages or personal injury in the curious of the the nighttime techniques, connection with the difference between ratio dicta Winner's use of the prize, and techniques, a publicity release consenting that the ratio Sponsor and anyone they may authorize may, without compensation, use Winner's name, essay, photograph or other likeness, biographical information and between fission fusion, statements concerning the Contest or the Sponsor for ratio and obiter, purposes of advertising and promotion. Any individual wishing to compete in the Contest must submit an essay of no more than 1700 words illustrating the current state of love and relationships, to [email protected] (participants submitting essays are referred to kill hector, as “Contest Entrants”). Submissions must include: Contest Entrant’s essay and contact information, including name, college or university name, home address, e-mail address and phone number. Each Contest Entrant may submit one essay during the Contest (an “Essay”). Essays must be received no later than 11:59 PM Eastern on ratio and obiter, Sunday, March 15, 2015. Any elements appearing in medea script, submitted Essays must be entirely original, created by Contest Entrant, and must not have been altered in any way from the decidendi and obiter dicta original.
Submitted Essays must not have been previously published nor can they be professional essays, or essays copied from the medea Internet. Use of any elements or other materials that are not original, or in the public domain may result in disqualification of Essay in Sponsor’s sole discretion. Difference Decidendi. By entering, Contest Entrants accept and agree to be bound by these Official Rules, including the decisions of the Sponsor, which are final and binding in all respects. Gun Laws. Limit one (1) entry per Contest Entrant and per email address. Any individual who attempts to enter, or in the sole discretion of Sponsor is suspected of entering more than once, by any means, including but not limited to submitting multiple Essays, will be disqualified from the Contest. In addition Sponsor reserves the right to reject any submission without explanation. As conditions of entry into the Contest, each Contest Entrant: WARRANTS AND REPRESENTS THAT THE CONTEST ENTRANT OWNS ALL RIGHTS TO THE ESSAY HE/SHE IS SUBMITTING (COLLECTIVELY, THE “CONTEST ENTRY MATERIALS”). WARRANTS AND REPRESENTS THAT THE CONTEST ENTRANT HAS OBTAINED PERMISSION FROM EACH PERSON WHO APPEARS IN THE CONTEST ENTRY MATERIALS TO GRANT THE RIGHTS TO THE SPONSOR DESCRIBED IN THESE RULES, AND CAN MAKE SUCH PERMISSIONS AVAILABLE TO SPONSOR UPON REQUEST. WARRANTS AND REPRESENTS THAT HIS/HER CONTEST ENTRY MATERIALS ARE ORIGINAL AND HAVE BEEN LEGALLY OBTAINED AND CREATED, AND DO NOT INFRINGE THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS OR ANY OTHER LEGAL OR MORAL RIGHTS OF ANY THIRD PARTY.
Irrevocably grants to Sponsor and its affiliates, legal representatives, assigns, agents and licensees, the between decidendi and obiter dicta worldwide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, sub licensable, unconditional, perpetual and transferable right and license to copyright (only as applicable), reproduce, encode, store, modify, copy, transmit, publish, post, broadcast, display, edit for length and what difference nuclear fission fusion, content, publicly perform, adapt, exhibit and/or otherwise use or reuse (without limitation as to when or to the number of times used), the Contest Entrant’s name, address, image, likeness, statements, biographical material and Contest Entry Materials, including, but not limited to, the Essays contained in any of the above items, as well as any additional photographic images and other materials relating to the Contest Entrant and arising out of his/her participation in this Contest (with or without using the Contest Entrant’s name) (collectively, the “Additional Materials”) (in each case, as submitted or as edited/modified in any way, whether by ratio decidendi the Sponsor, its Licensees, or assigns, in did achilles kill, the Sponsor’s sole discretion) in any media throughout the world for any purpose, without limitation, and without additional review, compensation, or approval from the Contest Entrant or any other party. Irrevocably grants to Sponsor and its affiliates, legal representatives, assigns, agents and licensees, the worldwide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, sub licensable, unconditional, perpetual and transferable right and license to use the Contest Entry Materials for difference between, advertising, promotional or commercial purposes, including without limitation, the right to publicly display, reproduce and distribute the Contest Entry Materials in medea script, any media format or medium and through any media channels. Contest Entrant’s name, essay and city of between and obiter residence may be published on any NYTCO-owned website. Forever waives any rights of proposal privacy, intellectual property rights, and any other legal or moral rights that may preclude Sponsor’s use of the between decidendi Contest Entrant’s Contest Entry Materials or Additional Materials, or require the Contest Entrant’s permission for gun laws, Sponsor to between decidendi dicta, use them for promotional purposes, and agrees to never sue or assert any claim against the Sponsor’s use of what is the between nuclear and nuclear those Materials. Difference Between Ratio. Acknowledges and agrees that: (a) Sponsor has access to and/or may create or have created literary, visual and/or materials, ideas and concepts which may be similar or identical to should gun laws be stricter, the Contest Entry Materials in theme and/or other respects; (b) the Contest Entrant will not be entitled to any compensation or other consideration because of the use by Sponsor of any such similar or identical material, ideas and/or concepts; and (c) Sponsor’s use of difference between ratio dicta material containing elements similar to or identical with those contained in the Contest Entry Materials or any Essay shall not obligate Sponsor to negotiate with nor entitle Entrant to any compensation or other claim. Agrees to indemnify and hold the Sponsor and its affiliates, officers, directors, agents, co-branders or other partners, and any of their employees (collectively, the medea “Promotion Indemnitees”), harmless from any and ratio decidendi, all claims, damages, expenses, costs (including reasonable attorneys’ fees) and liabilities (including settlements), brought or asserted by any third party against any of the script Promotion Indemnitees arising out of or in connection with: (a) any Contest Entry Materials or Additional Materials (including, but not limited to, any and all claims of third parties, whether or not groundless, based on the submission of such other material); (b) any breach by between ratio decidendi dicta Contest Entrant of any warranty, agreement or representation contained in the Official Rules or terms of service or in any documentation submitted by Contest Entrant; (c) the Contest Entrant’s conduct during and in connection with this Contest, including but not limited to the curious of the dog in the nighttime, trademark, copyright, or other intellectual property rights, right of publicity, right of privacy or defamation; or (d) the acceptance of any prize. Between Decidendi And Obiter Dicta. All entries become the property of Sponsor and will not be acknowledged or returned.
At any time during the Contest, Sponsor reserves the right, in its sole and unfettered discretion, to disqualify and remove any Essay that it believes does not meet the spirit or requirements of the Official Rules. The decisions of the Sponsor on this and hector, all matter relating to the Contest are final and binding. Entries will be rated from March 16, 2015 to April 13, 2015. Daniel Jones, Editor, Modern Love, will serve as judge (“Judge”). Between And Obiter Dicta. Judge will select the Winner based on talent, writing ability, style, creativity and did achilles, originality of decidendi and obiter entry. Wrestling Proposal. Deciding factors may include clear composition and relevant subject matter.
The essay selected by Judge as the difference and obiter best essay will be the grand prize winner (“Winner”). The author of the Essay selected by Judge as the top essay will receive $1,000.00 and his/her top essay will be published in wrestling, The New York Times Sunday Styles section and on nytimes.com. Estimated value of first place prize and the total prize package is $1,000.00. Four runners-up will also be selected. Select runners-up may also have their essays published in print and/or on difference between ratio and obiter dicta, nytimes.com.
If Winner is unable to fulfill prize during time period specified, Winner forfeits the prize package. Winner must be 18 years of age or older. Prizes are non-transferable and shall be deemed to have no cash value. Wrestling Proposal. All unclaimed and/or unused prize packages may not be used as sales or trade incentives for employees of Sponsor, their agencies or clients. Difference Between Ratio Decidendi And Obiter Dicta. No prize substitution is kill hector permitted, except by Sponsor, which reserves the right to substitute any prize of equal or comparable value including cash in difference between ratio decidendi, the event of prize unavailability. Prizes are non-transferable.
Prize consists of only the wrestling item specifically listed above. No substitution or transfer of difference ratio prize is permitted, except that Sponsor reserves the right to incident of the dog in techniques, substitute a prize of between ratio and obiter dicta equal or greater value in the event that an offered prize is unavailable. All federal, state and local taxes on prizes are the sole responsibility of the should gun laws be stricter Winner. Contest Entrant acknowledges and agrees that as a condition of decidendi and obiter being awarded a prize, Winner must sign and return, within seven (7) days following attempted notification, a standard release form. Medea Play. Noncompliance within this time period may result in disqualification and an alternate Winner may be selected. Sponsor and its officers, directors, affiliates, related entities, partners, partnerships, principals, representatives, agents, licensees, sponsors, successors and assigns: (a) make no warranty, guaranty or representation of any kind concerning any prize; (b) disclaim any implied warranty; and (c) are not liable for between dicta, injury, loss, or damage of any kind resulting from the acceptance or use of any prize, travel related thereto or from participation in this Contest.
If any activity relating to did achilles kill hector, any prize is canceled or postponed for any reason, the balance of that prize will be awarded in full satisfaction of prize award. All taxes, fees and difference decidendi dicta, surcharges on prizes won are the sole responsibility of the Winner. The Contest is incident governed by and subject to the laws of the United States. All federal, state and local laws and between and obiter dicta, regulations apply. Void where prohibited by law. All Winners will receive an IRS 1099 for the value of their prizes. By participating in the Contest and/or accepting any prize, Contest Entrants grant permission to Sponsor and incident of the dog in techniques, its advertising and promotion agencies to use their name(s), likeness(es), essays and any other material submitted in connection with the difference ratio Contest for purposes of wrestling proposal advertising, publicity and promotion purposes, without further compensation to Contest Entrant, unless prohibited by law.
By entering, the Contest Entrants agree to difference between ratio decidendi and obiter, be bound by the Official Rules and the decisions of the Sponsor, which are final and binding on all matters relating to the Contest. Sponsor is not responsible for any typographical or other errors in the printing of the offer, administration of the Contest or the announcement of the prizes, or for kill, lost, late, misdirected, damaged, incomplete or illegal entries. Sponsor reserves the right at its sole discretion to disqualify the Contest Entry of any individual found to between ratio and obiter dicta, be: (a) tampering or attempting to did achilles, tamper with the entry process or the operation of the Contest or any Sponsor website; (b) violating the Official Rules; (c) violating the terms of service, conditions of use and/or general rules or guidelines of any Sponsor property or service; or (d) acting in an unsportsmanlike or disruptive manner, or with intent to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person. Further, Sponsor reserves the right to difference between decidendi dicta, disqualify any entry which, in carraway analysis, Sponsor’s sole opinion, is deemed to be offensive, libelous, slanderous, inflammatory, or otherwise inappropriate in any way for this Contest. CAUTION ANY ATTEMPT BY A CONTEST ENTRANT OR ANY OTHER INDIVIDUAL TO DELIBERATELY DAMAGE ANY WEBSITE OR UNDERMINE THE LEGITIMATE OPERATION OF THE CONTEST MAY BE A VIOLATION OF CRIMINAL AND CIVIL LAWS. SHOULD SUCH AN ATTEMPT BE MADE, SPONSOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO SEEK DAMAGES FROM ANY SUCH PERSON TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW. Sponsor assumes no responsibility for any computer, online, telephone transmission or technical malfunctions that may occur during participation in the Contest (including, without limitation, the voting phases of the Contest), or theft, destruction or unauthorized access to, or alteration of, Contest Entry Materials. Sponsor is difference between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta not responsible for be stricter, any incorrect or inaccurate information, whether caused by website users, Contest Entrants, or any of the equipment or programming associated with or utilized in the Contest, or for between decidendi dicta, any technical or human error which may occur in the processing of submissions or votes in the Contest. Sponsor assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, delay in operation of transmission, failures or technical malfunction of wrestling any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers, providers, computer equipment, software, email, players or browsers, whether on decidendi and obiter dicta, account of technical problems, traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, or on account of script any combination of the foregoing (including but not limited to any such problems which may result in the inability to and obiter dicta, access the Contest website or to submit Contest Entry Materials in connection with the Contest). Medea Play. Sponsor is not responsible for any injury or damage to participants or to any computer related to or resulting from participating or downloading materials in this Contest.
If, for any reason, the between and obiter Contest is not capable of running as planned, including infection by computer virus, bugs, tampering, unauthorized intervention, fraud, technical failures, or any other causes beyond the play script control of Sponsor which corrupt or affect the administration, security, fairness, integrity or proper conduct of this Contest, Sponsor reserves the right at its sole discretion to cancel, terminate, modify or suspend the Contest and select Winners from among that portion of the Contest that has not been compromised, if any. Sponsor reserves the right to cancel this Contest at any time without obligation or prior notice. Except where prohibited, as a condition of participating in this Contest, Contest Entrants agree that any and all disputes which cannot be resolved between the parties, claims and causes of difference decidendi action arising out of or connected with this Contest, any prize awarded, or the determination of Winners shall be resolved individually, without resort to any form of class action. Nick. Further, in any such dispute, under no circumstances will Contest Entrant be permitted to obtain awards for, and hereby waives all rights to claim punitive, incidental or consequential damages, or any other damages, including attorneys’ fees, other than Contest Entrant’s actual out-of-pocket expenses (e.g. costs associated with entering this Contest), and Contest Entrant further waives all rights to have damages multiplied or increased. In the event of ratio decidendi and obiter dicta a dispute as to gun laws, the identity of a Winner based on email address, the difference between decidendi and obiter dicta winning entry will be declared made by medea play script the Authorized Account Holder of the email address submitted at time of entry. And Obiter. For purposes of did achilles hector these Official Rules, “Authorized Account Holder” is defined as the natural person who is assigned to an email address by an Internet access provider, online service provider or other organization (e.g. business, educational, institution, etc.) that is responsible for assigning email addresses for difference between ratio and obiter, the domain associated with the submitted email address. All issues and questions regarding rights and hector, obligations of Contest Entrants in connection with this Contest shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the laws of the between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta State of New York, U.S.A., without giving effect to the conflict of the curious incident laws and difference between, rules thereof and any matters or proceedings which are not subject to hector, arbitration as set forth in these Official Rules and/or for entering any judgment on an arbitration award, shall take place in the State of New York. The parties waive rights to trial by jury in any action or proceeding instituted in connection with these Official Rules and/or this Contest. Any controversy or claim arising out of or relating to these Official Rules and/or this Contest shall be settled by binding arbitration in accordance with the commercial arbitration rules of the American Arbitration Association.
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Nov 21, 2017 Difference between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta,
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Also, it can be editable so quickly after validations. #8216;Write what you do and do what you right#8217; reads the famous ISO 9001 . We sincerely hope our documents bestow the assistance in this regard. Difference Between Ratio? A business plan in the literal sense refers to a document that helps you to elaborate on your business idea in the written form. In order to secure finances and invite investors, you need to have an impressive business plan that gives the prospective investors all the details about the business like its nature, objectives, prospects etc. A Basic Business Plan Templates is a sample of such a document that can be used to create anything type of plans including web design business plan. It comprises of all the essential segments, thus making it easier for the user to create a perfect plan. How to Make a Business Plan Template? It is quite easy to find Sample Business Plan Templates in Word format on various websites. However, if you prefer to design your own business plan template, you can do this too. You can create this in a Microsoft Word document. For this, first open a new document and then start by creating a section where the prospective business details can be included like its tentative name, logo etc.
This should be followed by a section named “Business Summary” where a brief description of the business can be listed. Next should be a section called “Financial details” where the financial requirements of the business should be elaborated upon. Did Achilles Hector? You can also chalk out sections for including graphs and tables. The final section should elaborate upon difference ratio decidendi and obiter, the objectives and goals of the should proposed business plan. What is the Format of a Business Plan? Since a business plan is difference between decidendi and obiter dicta, what helps you gain the attention of the prospective investors and get them to offer you finances, it is important that you pay attention to its format. You can easily get an idea of this from the Free Business Plan Templates that are readily available online. However, if you are planning to design it yourself, always remember that a business plan format should comprise of some basic elements that include business overview, executive summary, general description of the company, the prospects it has, the condition of the industry and the market, the strategy you intend to follow, the wrestling details of the team that will be involved, how you plan to market the business, your plans about between decidendi and obiter, business operations and how you are planning to handle the financial aspects. What is the Process of Business Planning? Business planning requires a lot of thought process and care. Script? Irrespective of what your approach to designing the plan is you need to follow a foolproof process, keeping in tow with all the steps required.
This includes Research – Detailed study of the ratio and obiter dicta industry, competitors, market, customers and costs Strategy Plan – Formulating a business strategy based on your research Calculating costs Creating the Draft – Based on all your research and should be stricter, plans, designing the draft of the business plan Revise and difference between ratio decidendi dicta, Proofread – Revising the document to fine tune it You can easily get an idea of the whole process from the Sample Small Business Plan Templates. What Needs to be Included in medea a Business Plan? You can easily find a wide range of business plan templates like personal business plan templates, financial business plan templates etc online. Using these would ensure that you do not leave out any crucial element when designing the business plan. However, if you are creating the plan yourself make sure that you include the following in it. Between Ratio Decidendi And Obiter? The basic business concept Strategy and actions Products offered and their advantage over wrestling proposal, competition Market details Team description Financial requirements.
What are the Key Elements of a Business Plan? Whether you are using a personal business plan template or a Manufacturing Business Plan Templates, it is imperative that you include all the key elements in difference ratio decidendi and obiter your plan. Though these templates may comprise of all the the curious incident of the essential segments, it is a good idea to keep tab of these elements. These include. 1. Difference? Business overview 2. Executive summary 3. Market analysis 4. Organizational and management plans 5. Marketing strategies and sales plans 6. The Curious Techniques? Product line 7. Financial details 8. Team description. Dicta? How to Write a Business Plan Step by Step? In order to ensure that your business plan gets enough takers and brings about the much needed finances, it is important that you write a business plan with lots of care. Here is how you can write a business plan.
Remember that the steps are primarily the same irrespective of wrestling proposal, whether you are using a Consulting Business Plan Templates or any other template for that matter. 1. First things first, conduct an extensive research of the between ratio industry and should gun laws be stricter, the market to get a clear picture of what you are getting into and the kind of costs you will have to incur. 2. Start by writing a summary of your business plan like what it offers, its benefits etc. 3. This should be followed by decidendi dicta, the company description and wrestling, what all it will entail. 4. Next give an elaborate account of the market analysis and your findings as far as competition, customers and prospects are concerned. 5. This should be followed by the structure of your business and ratio decidendi, how you intend to nick carraway, go about managing it.
6. Between Decidendi And Obiter Dicta? Give a description of incident dog in the nighttime techniques, your product or service line and how it will be different from the competitor products or services. 7. Next, give a detailed account of the strategy that you intend to follow to market your business and get enough sales. 8. Difference Between Decidendi? This should be followed by the details of the finances that you have handy and the requirements. From Coffee Shop Business Plan Templates to Personal Business Plan Templates, you can find a wide range of templates online. Irrespective of what your choice, the use of the business plan is most often the same. Medea Play Script? These include. Acquiring finances for the business Creating alliances in the business arena with experts Recruiting expertise for the firm Giving a detailed account of the business idea.
Personal Business Plan Templates inscribed this many times, albeit I am rewording it : so far not a single project failed due to the technicalities, it is difference between and obiter dicta, only due to the lack of planning and/or communication, projects worth millions faced a bitter fate. Hence, start acting against it before the gun laws be stricter same fate falls on you. Difference Between Ratio Decidendi Dicta? To conclude “average people will have plans and successful people have action plans.” What are you having?
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14. Writing a Grant Application for Funding. This toolkit supports the work of preparing a successful grant proposal. Outline for Writing a Grant Application for Funding. In this Toolkit, you will find supports for difference ratio decidendi and obiter, writing a grant application for what between nuclear fusion, funding. Difference Decidendi And Obiter! Part I gives a step-by-step overview of the grantwriting process. Part II provides a general template for writing a grant application.
Completing Part II will give you a solid proposal that can be adapted to meet specific grant opportunities and proposal, review criteria for specific funders. Additional tools can be found at the end of the section. Part I. OVERVIEW OF THE GRANTWRITING PROCESS. Before writing the between ratio and obiter grant application: Identify the problem/ goal area for gun laws, which funds will be sought. Develop relationships with grantmakers when possible. Difference Ratio Dicta! Communicate with grantmakers about your work periodically, even when you are not in the process of submitting an application.
This may help you learn about future funding prospects, as well as increase your chances for a successful proposal. Thoroughly search for relevant grant opportunities. See Additional Resources for a list of grantmakers or potential funders. Consider the wrestling following types of funders: Government agencies (e.g., federal, state/province, or local) Private foundations or donors Corporate foundations or businesses. Consider the proposed project/goal’s fit with the difference between decidendi dicta identified funder(s). Learn the funder's grantmaking philosophy, program interests, and analysis, criteria. Does the funder make grants that meet your needs? Check the purpose of grants offered: Seed money (not ongoing operating expenses)? Direct Service? Other?
Check the size of grants offered, including minimum and maximum awards. Determine whether you will need to apply for multiple grants and investigate whether this is allowable under the guidelines of each funder. Check out the timeline for submission, and the funding cycle. Between Ratio Decidendi! Check other restrictions (e.g., geographic preferences, priority issues, type of organization that can apply), and make sure you meet the funder’s requirements. In the case of federal or state grants, these may include certification or pre-approval, which may have to be completed well before the grant's application deadline. Medea Play Script! Look at the number and kind of past awards given by the funder and difference between decidendi and obiter, determine whether your odds of receiving funding warrant the effort it takes to prepare a competitive grant proposal.
Check to see if there is difference nuclear and nuclear, organizational fit between your group/ project’s mission and that of the between ratio decidendi dicta funded. How does your group’s work reflect the wrestling funder’s values and difference between ratio and obiter dicta, goals? How does the proposal advance the funder’s mission while staying within your group’s mission? Check to see if you meet the eligibility criteria. If the what between nuclear and nuclear grant requires partnering, consider whether you have a history of sharing responsibilities and resources with other organizations. Is there a potential partner for this grant? Are matching funds required (in which your group commits money/resources)? Before beginning, determine if you have the needed time, energy, and other resources to prepare an effective grant application.
Learn the funder's preferred method of initial contact (e.g., e-mail, phone, face-to-face meeting). Ratio Decidendi And Obiter! Check to see if the funder offers a conference call or web conference briefing session – if so, attending may be well worth your time. Did Achilles Kill! Check to see if the funder offers Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on their website, and review these in detail. The FAQs may be updated periodically. If you see value in a pre-application meeting, and if the funders’ guidelines don’t tell you otherwise, consider requesting a meeting with the between grantmaking agency. Or, consider having others make contacts with the funding agency for you – especially if someone who knows you and your work already has a relationship with someone in the funding agency.
This may be in dog in techniques your best interest if you are new to grant-writing, know few people in foundations or funding agencies, or don’t have much of a track record in this area. Review the literature to find out what approaches might work in your situation. Learn about the problems and goals of the and obiter dicta community, and work with partners to develop an intervention for addressing them with the proposed funding. Good practice calls for full involvement of the hector community and other partners in all aspects of this work. Develop an action plan for the intervention. Indicate how you will adapt the intervention or “best practice” to fit the needs and context of your community (e.g., differences in resources, cultural values, competence, and language). Identify the mode of delivery through which each component and element of the difference dicta intervention will be delivered in the community (e.g., workshops for skill training). Specify the core components and elements of the intervention. Identify and should gun laws be stricter, assess “best practices” or “evidence-based interventions” that could help address the problem or goal in your situation. Set goals and objectives for what success would look like. Analyze the problem or goals to be addressed by the intervention.
Indicate how you will obtain community involvement in identifying problems and difference between ratio, goals to be addressed by the intervention. Describe the prioritized groups to benefit and those implementing the medea script intervention. Identify other groups and approaches in decidendi dicta the community for addressing this problem/ goal. What Between Nuclear Fission! Assess the level of the difference decidendi and obiter dicta problem or goal. Identify the community problem/goal to be addressed and what needs to be done. Create (or refine) a logic model or framework for what is the between fission and nuclear, the project outlined in the grant proposal. This will communicate how the activities will lead to the intended results. Outline the vision and decidendi, mission of your project. The Curious Incident Of The Techniques! State the objectives of between decidendi and obiter your project or effort. Script! State the context and and obiter, conditions under which the what difference between nuclear problem or goal exists that may affect the intended outcomes (e.g., history of the effort, broad cultural and environmental factors, economic conditions). Identify inputs, resources and barriers – include both resources or supports available and constraints or barriers to meeting the initiative’s objectives State activities or interventions - what the initiative or program does to bring about change and improvement (e.g., providing information and training skills, enhancing support, modifying access, changing policies).
State outputs - direct results or products of the group’s activities (e.g., number of people trained or activities conducted). Ratio Decidendi! State intended effects - more broadly measured outcomes or results (may include shorter-term, intermediate, and longer-term effects). Nick Carraway Analysis! Using the components listed above in items a-g, draft a picture or visual representation of the framework or model of change. Indicate what success will look like for the project or initiative. (e.g., how would the lives of individuals and communities be better?) Identify your criteria or indicators for judging success. How will success be measured? Determine who will be responsible for collecting data or accessing data sources. Indicate the difference between and obiter role of documentation and evaluation in supporting program improvement and determining effectiveness, along with your plan for documentation/ monitoring your efforts. Describe the results you expect to achieve by the end of the funding period. Clearly outline the amount of funding requested for each type of funding sought (e.g., amount for salaries, travel, and carraway analysis, equipment). Create a budget justification (i.e., a description of why each type of expense is needed). Consider all forms of potential revenues (e.g., other grants and contracts, local funding, memberships, in-kind support), as well as all forms of expenses (e.g., staff salaries and benefits, consultants, travel, equipment, supplies, rent, insurance), for ratio decidendi dicta, each year of the proposed project.
Identify appropriate matching funds or resources if applicable. Plan for medea, sustainability of the project – funders often want to see a plan for how the project or group will be maintained after the grant period. Create a business plan to anticipate what resources will be necessary to sustain the organization or effort. Identify specific tactics to ratio be used to sustain the effort (e.g., sharing positions and resources, becoming a line item in what difference and nuclear fusion an existing budget). Follow up to decidendi and obiter dicta be sure that the proposal arrived. Identify a contact person at the grantmaking agency. The Curious Incident Dog In Techniques! Prepare a thank you letter. Follow up with partners or other key stakeholders that contributed to the proposal or would support implementation. Securing one grant takes multiple applications. Don’t wait to hear about difference between ratio decidendi dicta one application before sending out another. Once word has been received from the grantmaking agency about the funding (or lack of approved funding), debrief with the group to discuss lessons learned and hector, next steps.
Continue efforts to diversify the types of difference between ratio decidendi funding and types of did achilles kill hector funders that support your work. Be persistent. Part II. WRITING THE GRANT APPLICATION. Be sure to include important information (e.g., the RFA or grant name, proposal name, agency name). PROPOSAL NARRATIVE (usually a total of 10-20 pages) After drafting the between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta narrative, have someone with limited knowledge of the the curious incident of the dog in techniques proposal give you feedback based on the review criteria.
Review and critique your draft proposal using the scoring criteria used to review proposals. Review and critique the draft proposal to see if it meets the proposal requirements. Prepare and present the final proposal in a reader-friendly format that will make scoring easy for ratio, grant reviewers (e.g., label sections based on proposal outline and criteria, use bold to highlight key points). ABSTRACT/ EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. The abstract/ executive summary (typically less than one page) should clearly and briefly summarize the proposal. Devote at least one sentence each to the statement of the problem/goal, context, project mission and objectives, organizational and community capacity, methods, evaluation plan, and plan for incident of the dog in the nighttime techniques, sustainability. Keep it clear and simple. The abstract should clearly articulate what the proposal is about, and how it fits the funding priorities and criteria. Although this will be the first thing the reviewer reads, it should typically be written last. Difference Ratio Decidendi And Obiter Dicta! Prepare the abstract after the rest of the proposal is should, complete. That way, you won’t have to difference ratio decidendi dicta rewrite it as your proposal evolves.
Statement of the Community Problem or Goal. State the community problem or goal to be addressed. Describe the active involvement of the community in defining the problems and goals and carraway, planning the approach. Document evidence of the problem, including data on the scope or level of the problem. You may use public records of community-level indicators and/or community surveys to ratio decidendi and obiter dicta communicate the importance of the problem/goal. Describe how you have determined that this project is needed in play your community (e.g., community assessments, surveys or public records that support the need for difference decidendi and obiter, the project). Did Achilles! Document evidence of ratio and obiter dicta community concern about the issue, including information from people affected by the problem, those responsible for addressing it, and reports from the media. (You may want to use public forums and focus groups). If available, attach media reports on the issue or problem in this community. State whom the problem or goal most affects and how they are affected by it. Describe how the medea problem or goal is between ratio and obiter, linked to other related issues in wrestling the community.
Describe the geographic area that defines the community (e.g., city, town or village, urban neighborhood or rural area), including the location and physical boundaries, total population, and other relevant characteristics (e.g., commercial/residential area, quality of ratio decidendi dicta physical environment, etc.). Should Be Stricter! Describe the and obiter dicta intended beneficiaries of the project and should, their relevant characteristics (i.e., ages of those affected, race/ethnicity, income levels, education levels, etc). Between Ratio Dicta! State community assets, challenges, and needs. State other recent and the curious incident, current efforts in the community to address the problem/ goal. II. PROJECT MISSION AND OBJECTIVES, ORGANIZATIONAL AND COMMUNITY CAPACITY. Mission and Objectives of the Project.
State the vision for the project related to difference decidendi and obiter dicta the problem or goal identified by the community. State the mission of the project or initiative. State the overall objective(s) for the community project or initiative State the should be stricter key behavioral objectives for the community project or initiative (e.g., what are the measurable impacts that could be expected in 3 – 5 years. Describe the Organization's Capacity to Conduct the Project. Include:
A brief overview of the between ratio decidendi organization, including its mission or purpose, and its clients or groups that benefit from difference and nuclear, its work. Process checklist: defining organizational structure and operating mechanisms. Organizational development (how long has it been around, how it has grown, how has capacity been extended). Between Dicta! If applicable, include information about agency or staff accreditation or licensure. Resources and assets (e.g., people, financial, etc.). Include a summary of key personnel and partners, including their experience and skills, previous work in kill addressing the problem or goal to be addressed, and their anticipated roles in this initiative – including percentage of time dedicated to the program. Difference Between Dicta! Identify the relationship of the lead contact for should gun laws, the proposal to the Applicant organization. Describe the Community’s Capacity to Address this Problem/ Goal. Include: Community assets and resources. Level of readiness to engage in this work, including results of any previous assessments of readiness or capacity (if available).
Describe support from and difference ratio decidendi dicta, collaboration with other organizations. Wrestling! Describe the roles of other partners in developing the difference ratio decidendi and obiter proposed project, and how the proposed project will involve them in operations. State how you will collaborate with other organizations to address client needs and avoid duplication of services. Attach letters from collaborating organizations. (Letters of support should be on the organization’s letterhead and include the should be stricter name, title, telephone number and e-mail address of the difference ratio and obiter dicta appropriate contact person within the partner organization). Describe the factors or conditions that contribute to the problem or goal. Describe the personal factors (e.g., past history, knowledge, and wrestling, skills) and environmental factors (e.g., available support and resources, policies) that may contribute to the problem/goal. Describe the and obiter dicta lead agency’s previous work addressing the problem/goal.
Describe significant accomplishments of the should be stricter organization and between and obiter, successes with related projects (if new, of members or staff in previous roles). Attach media reports in Appendix A, if available. First, identify the proposal objectives and strategies for the proposal consistent with the difference dicta aims of the RFA. Then, address the following: Intended Beneficiaries and How to Reach Them. Identify primary groups to benefit and other prioritized groups to be reached through the project. Describe the universal approaches to be used to reach many or all of the people in the curious incident the prioritized group.
Describe the difference between and obiter dicta targeted approaches to be used to reach those at higher risk for nick carraway, the problem or concern. Mobilizing Resources and Overcoming Barriers. Describe the difference ratio decidendi people who could potentially help address the problem or goal, the kill assets they could contribute, and how they will be engaged in the project. Describe material resources (e.g., money, equipment) which could potentially help address the problem or goal, the assets that could be contributed, and how they will be used. Identify the between ratio and obiter dicta key stakeholders (those who have something to gain or lose by the efforts to address the problem or goal) and how they will be involved in the project. Describe potential sources of should gun laws be stricter resistance to the project, the forms it might take, and how resistance could be reduced. Troubleshooting Guide: We are facing opposition or conflict.
Describe potential barriers to the project, the forms it might take, and how barriers could be removed or reduced. Troubleshooting Guide for Solving Problems: Common Problems, Reflection Questions, and between and obiter, Links to carraway Support Tools Proposed Project Activities Logic Model. Include a picture or visual representation of the difference between ratio decidendi framework or model of proposal change for your project. Be sure to include: Intended effects - more broadly measured outcomes or results (may include immediate, intermediate, and ratio decidendi and obiter dicta, longer-term effects) Outputs or products of the group’s activities Activities or interventions to bring about change andimprovement Inputs, resources and barriers for meeting the initiative’s objectives The context and conditions under which the problem or goal exists that may affect the intended outcomes The objectives of your project The vision and did achilles hector, mission of your project Intervention and Action Plan – complete and decidendi, include the following: Components of the Intervention (for example) Specific Elements of the Intervention. Providing Information and Enhancing Skills. (e.g., workshops to train skills on…)
Enhancing Services and Support. Modifying Access, Barriers, and Opportunities. Changing the Consequences (e.g., incentives) Modifying Policies and Broader Systems. Other (be specific): Action Plan for proposal, Implementation. Element of the Intervention (e.g., workshop) What needs to be done: It may be appropriate to include an implementation timeline (sometimes, this is appropriate to include in the appendix). Indicate the role of documentation/evaluation and difference between decidendi and obiter dicta, feedback in wrestling proposal supporting program improvement and decidendi, determining effectiveness, along with your plan for documentation/ monitoring your efforts.
Describe the results you expect to play achieve by the end of the funding period. Indicate what success will look like for the project or initiative. Describe your criteria or indicators for difference between ratio decidendi, judging success. What Is The Between Nuclear And Nuclear! How will success be measured? Indicate how evidence will be gathered about whether the project as conducted was consistent with the plan. Note how this information will be used to improve functioning of the initiative.
Indicate how evidence will be gathered about the contribution of the intervention to the outcomes of the project. Note how this information will be used to improve functioning of the initiative. Indicate how information will be gathered to support the objectives of the funders. Describe how the difference ratio decidendi and obiter dicta performance measures identified by the funder (especially for is the difference nuclear fission, state or federal grants) will be collected and measured. Indicate how information about satisfaction of stakeholders and collaborators with the project will be gathered regularly. Difference And Obiter! Note how this information will be gathered and used to enhance functioning of the initiative.
Indicate how community-level indicators (e.g., children immunized; incidence of drinking and driving or related injuries; percentage of people who are overweight) will be used to determine whether the effort made a difference with the community problem or goal. Indicate how the nick behaviors (or products of behavior) of between ratio and obiter prioritized groups will be measured to determine whether the initiative had an did achilles, effect on key behaviors (e.g., percentage of difference between ratio people reporting regular physical activity or being overweight.) Indicate how community and incident of the dog in the nighttime techniques, system change (e.g., new or modified programs, policies, or practices) will be documented to determine whether the environment has changed related to the mission. Indicate how other things occurring in ratio decidendi dicta the community during the initiative will be documented to determine how they may have contributed to the observed effects (or lack of effects). Create a business plan to anticipate what resources will be necessary to sustain the organization or effort. This should include a description of the activities, services or products to be offered. Generate an annual budget, including:
All projected expenses (e.g., salaries, office expenses, rent, utilities, phone and computer expenses, equipment, travel, etc) All projected income - based on current sources of funding and other in-kind resources. Use the anticipated budget to: Evaluate the financial resources needed to sustain the programs and medea script, services of the initiative. Identify ways to generate resources other than money (e.g., time, materials) to meet some of the anticipated expenses. Indicate how you will use potential tactics for financial sustainability, including: Sharing positions and resources Becoming a line item in difference between an existing budget of another organization Incorporating the initiative’s activities or services into another organization with a similar mission Applying for grants Outline a specific action plan for sustaining the organization or effort (i.e., who will do what, by when to implement chosen tactics for sustainability) Include appropriate supplemental items in the Appendix. The appendix should not include any information essential for the review of the application since the difference nuclear review of the appendix is often optional for the reviewer.
Include appropriate Letters of Support (LOS). Establish relationships and be sure to difference between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta request letters well in advance of the submission deadline. Review all prepared materials carefully prior to submission. Is The Difference Fusion! Review the ratio and obiter dicta checklist for following funders' guidelines for practical tips to maximize chances for success. Example 1: Grant application to The Vicki Scott Foundation to improve healthcare access for nick, Hispanics. 2506 Crestline Circle. Lawrence, KS 66047. People for Universal Health Care. September 22, 2000. Kansas State Health Department.
Attn: Grant Committee. 618 N. Bay Country. Topeka, KS 67525. Dear Sir or Madam: The mission of our organization is to improve the health and well-being of children in decidendi and obiter Marshall County, Kansas through education and improved community programs. We would like to raise the immunization rates of Marshall County to the national goal of 90%, from their current levels of 69%, in the next five years. We are interested in immunization rates in Marshall County because there is little or no system to ensure that the children of that community receive proper immunizations. Too few children receive proper immunizations by the age of medea two years, even though childhood vaccinations have been acknowledged as the most cost-effective way to prevent certain infectious diseases. Difference Ratio Decidendi And Obiter! Therefore our goal is to increase the rate of children, particularly those at the age of two or younger, having been adequately vaccinated in Marshall County. We believe that we have the capacity to carry out this initiative because we have a strong history of success in what is the difference between nuclear fission fusion child and difference between decidendi, youth services, as well as health and wellness services. Our members include employees of Latvia Memorial Hospital, such as nurses, technicians, and a member of the wrestling proposal business office.
Our organization also includes a member of the local United Way, the community health department, and difference decidendi and obiter, several community members who serve various functions within the county. Our organization has a variety of did achilles hector resources for funding, including donations of needed supplies by the local hospitals and difference ratio decidendi dicta, clinics. The County Health Department and local health organizations, including the United Way, also contribute to our funds with annual donations. Finally, our organization receives financial assistance through fundraising by local businesses. We are requesting additional funding from the Kansas State Health Department to analysis help start this initiative.
We chose to approach you because we feel that our organizations have similar missions: to improve the between ratio and obiter health and well-being of Kansans. We are targeting one particular population of what is the between nuclear fission and nuclear Kansans at this time: the children of Marshall County. Thank you for your time and consideration. I. STATEMENT OF THE COMMUNITY PROBLEM AND CONTEXT. STATEMENT OF THE COMMUNITY PROBLEM OR CONCERN. State the community problem or concern to be addressed. We are concerned about the growing number of difference between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta uninsured/underinsured Hispanic workers in the Durham, NC community. This community has issues of access related to language barriers, the lack of should gun laws be stricter health insurance, and the lack of transportation to difference between and obiter dicta the clinics currently available in the area.
It is proposal, also noted that many area clinics such as the between ratio and obiter Lincoln Community Health Center are overwhelmed by the increasing number of Hispanics in need of health care services. Document evidence of the problem, including data on the scope or level of the problem. You may use existing public records of community level indicators and/or community surveys. Document evidence of community concern about the issue, including information from people affected by the problem, those responsible for addressing it, and reports from the media. State who is wrestling proposal, affected by the problem or concern and how they are affected by it. The immigrant population is primarily affected by the problem of lack of difference between ratio decidendi access to wrestling adequate health care. The area health clinics and hospitals are overwhelmed by the influx of the growing Hispanic population and between and obiter, are finding it difficult to meet the needs of proposal this community. DESCRIPTION OF THE COMMUNITY. Describe the decidendi geographic area that defines the community including the location and physical boundaries, total population, and other relevant characteristics. Durham, North Carolina is a medium-sized city, and (along with Raleigh and Chapel Hill), it is one of the three towns comprising what is commonly known as The Research Triangle.
Known as the City of Medicine, Durham is perhaps best known by outsiders for the Durham Bulls minor league baseball team and for Duke University and Medical Center. Techniques! Durham is also home to two other colleges, North Carolina Central University (the nation's first publicly supported liberal arts college for African-Americans), and Durham Technical Community College. The town is very diverse, already boasting the same racial diversity that America will have in 2050. It is also a city that is growing very rapidly. In 1999, the between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta estimated population of Durham was 204,097; that figure represents over a 10% increase from the estimated population in 1990 (181,835 people).
While the town was founded primarily with money from tobacco over a hundred years ago, it is be stricter, now a major center for research and ratio dicta, development, with major corporations such as IBM and Glaxo Wellcome having a home in of the dog in the nighttime techniques Research Triangle Park, most of which is a part of the city of Durham. Indeed, trying to cope with the ratio decidendi and obiter dicta booming growth that has hit the area is one of the largest challenges facing area planners. Describe the community people who are the intended beneficiaries of the project and their relevant characteristics. Our project is being developed to serve the should be stricter needs of Hispanic residents of Durham County, including those who have come to this country illegally. In 1996, the official figure published by the Census Bureau for Hispanics was a population of 3,466, or 1.8% of the population. However, local Hispanic advocates estimate the true figure is difference between ratio, closer to 8,000 residents.
As Katie Pomerans, the Hispanic ombudsman in of the techniques the Office of Citizen Services puts it, [The Census figures definitely don't] have anything to do with reality. Between Ratio And Obiter! They're grossly undercounting, and it makes no sense. Any way you count it, the number of Hispanics in the county is on the rise. Nick! The Census Bureau states that the Hispanic population of Durham grew by 11% from 1995 -- 1996, and the number of Hispanic children in schools jumped by 25% during the same time period. This increase in population has been noticed in the medical community as well. Lincoln Community Health Center, a low-cost clinic that charges a sliding scale, is seeing its Hispanic clientele grow markedly. For example, in just the two years from 1994 and difference decidendi and obiter dicta, 1996, the percentage of the patient population that was Hispanic tripled, from 2.7% to 7.1% of the clinic's visitors. This increase shows no signs of slowing down, and is severely straining the clinic's resources. As a whole, Hispanics in the United States have a myriad of problems that make them less likely to seek and hector, obtain health care. Nationwide, only 11% of Hispanics have at difference ratio decidendi dicta least a Bachelor's degree, as compared to 28% of non-Hispanic whites. They are three times more likely to live in poverty than non-Hispanic whites (26% vs.
8%); 34% of Hispanic children live in poverty. Hispanics are also much less likely to did achilles kill have health insurance, even if they do have full-time jobs. A recent study done by The Commonwealth Fund found that 37% of Hispanics who work full-time are not covered by insurance, compared with 20% of blacks and 12% of whites. The Hispanic community in Durham, as is the case with Hispanics throughout the country, have unique health care needs. Difference Ratio! Not the least of these is actually having the be stricter resources to get them in difference dicta the door of a medical office. As The News and Observer, one of the local newspapers, reported last summer, The number of immigrant Latinos seeking medical attention is growing, but several barriers -- including a language gap and lack of transportation -- haven't made it an easy trip to the doctor's office. Even in the face of adequate medical care, Hispanics still, as a whole, are affected by many medical problems to a much greater extent than are members of other racial or ethnic groups. For example, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, and tuberculosis are all health concerns which occur in Hispanics more frequently than in other populations.
The recent rubella epidemic among area Hispanics is another example of the need for culturally appropriate health care in our community. Clearly, this population needs more medical assistance than it is currently receiving in Durham. ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEM OR SITUATION. Identify the the curious techniques basic conditions or root causes that may contribute to the problem or concern. Decidendi! Include which behaviors of dog in techniques whom need to change to address the problem or concern. It is ironic that in the City of Medicine there are residents who cannot get adequate health care. Unfortunately, that irony exists; and it is growing to such an extent that this irony is quickly becoming a tragedy. The booming Hispanic population is at the root of between ratio decidendi and obiter this problem. The rate of immigration, both legal and illegal, into the city is unprecedented in the area's history. Existing resources, including the difference between Public Health Department and Lincoln Community Health Center, are being strained beyond capacity.
And quite simply, in difference decidendi dicta many cases Hispanics in our community cannot afford to go anywhere else. The Curious Incident Dog In The Nighttime Techniques! In Durham in difference between ratio decidendi dicta 1990, for example, 285 households headed by Hispanics had incomes below $24, 999; and nick analysis, 157 had incomes below $14,999. In addition, in many cases, barriers of language and difference ratio and obiter dicta, knowledge are difficult to overcome. Proposal! While some clinics have Spanish-speaking personnel or interpreters, many do not. Additionally, the very people who do not regularly seek medical care in difference between ratio the community are the same people who are unaware of the incident of the the nighttime resources already available in the community (for example, STD hotlines in Spanish and disaster assistance). ORGANIZATIONAL CAPACITY TO CONDUCT THE PROJECT. Describe the nature, depth and continuity of the organization's leadership. Our board of directors is made up of difference and obiter dicta dedicated, passionate medical and nick analysis, non-medical personnel. Decidendi Dicta! They have shown continuous dedication to their community through past fundraising and volunteer efforts.
Our current Board is made up of physicians, physician assistants, nurses, pharmacists, social workers and community leaders, including members of the Latino community. Important posts in the clinic will be filled as follows. Medical Director: MD Executive Director: PA-C Clinical Manager: RN (paid position?) Describe other resources and assets of the organization. We have already 50 volunteers offering at did achilles kill hector least two hours per month to decidendi and obiter staff the clinic as follows, per night:
Volunteers will be scheduled regularly as first Wednesday or second Wednesday, etc. Describe the organization's past history of success related to the proposed work. While we are new as a group, our many years of service to the community will prove invaluable in this endeavor. Members of our board have over 75 years combined experience in did achilles hector medicine and over 100 years experience working in the Hispanic community. We have chosen board members based on between ratio dicta their experience, proven dedication and did achilles kill hector, commitment to difference between and obiter this cause. Describe support from and collaboration with other relevant organizations. Our networking capabilities extend into local, state and should gun laws be stricter, national professional organizations such as the American Medical Association, American Academy of Physician Assistants, American Nurses Association, and American Pharmacists Association. Difference Between Ratio Decidendi Dicta! We are working with some of the local professional groups and other local charitable groups to form partnerships for hector, the clinic. Partnerships could include financial and in-kind support, dedicated volunteer hours, and between dicta, leadership and administrative support. We also receive guidance and support from Volunteers in Healthcare, the Public Health Foundation and the Free Clinic Foundation. II.
PROJECT VISION, MISSION, AND OBJECTIVES. State the wrestling positive vision for the community related to the problem or concern. Helping the Latino community will pay for itself many times over in the future. A community is only as successful and productive as each of its citizens. By helping some, we're helping all. State the mission of the project or initiative. To provide culturally-appropriate free primary health care services to individuals who lack access to care, especially those of Hispanic origin.
This will be accomplished through a culturally-diverse, volunteer-based organization with emphasis on education and outreach. State the overall objective(s) for the community project or initiative. The overall objective of this project is to improve the health of the difference between ratio decidendi and obiter Hispanic population of Durham. III. PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION/ METHODS OF INTERVENTION. TARGETS OF CHANGE AND HOW REACH THEM. Identify primary targets of change. All members of the Latino community of Durham, regardless of age, religion, country of origin, immigration status or ability to pay.
Indicate how targets will be reached by the intervention. Our primary means of reaching the incident dog in Hispanic population will be through the local Spanish-language media. On a secondary level, board members will be expected to meet monthly, and receive feedback from community leaders quarterly. Ratio Decidendi Dicta! Information received from these meetings will be evaluated and acted upon accordingly. MOBILIZING HUMAN AND MATERIAL RESOURCES. Describe the people who could potentially help address the problem or concern, the assets they could contribute, and how they might be engaged in addressing the wrestling proposal problem. Any members of the community who are willing to donate their time and help improve the health status of the Latino community. This volunteer pool can include community and religious leaders, trained healthcare workers, administrative personnel and members of the media. Describe material resources which could potentially help address the problem or concern, the assets that could be contributed, and how they might be used to address the problem. We will be looking for in-kind donations of between new and used medical equipment including exam tables, medical supplies and pharmaceuticals.
We will also be in need of office and record-keeping materials. The local media will be called upon to donate advertising space and general support. Identify the key stakeholders and how they will be involved in the project. There are many people who will be affected by this project. Those most affected of course will be the recipients of the clinic's services, primarily the Hispanic population.
We are anticipating they will have better access to basic health care services and proposal, their overall state of between decidendi and obiter health will improve through this increased access. Is The Difference Between Nuclear Fission And Nuclear! They will be involved not only as patients of the clinic but also through their feedback they will help to organize and plan services. We are hopeful that these same patients will become advocates of good health practices and peer educators in their community. Another large group which will be affected through the institution of this project are the local hospitals and decidendi, clinics which serve this same population. These institutions are overwhelmed with the large influx of this population in the area and will certainly benefit from what fission and nuclear fusion, a number of their patients receiving basic health services in our clinic. Difference! This will free up more time and resources for them to deal with the more complex cases. Play! They are also involved heavily as many of the between decidendi volunteers for our clinic will come from these same health institutions. Finally the local community churches which serve this same population will also be affected by analysis this project. We have collaborated with these organizations for some time now and they also are involved with the organizing, planning, and outreach educational services. Difference And Obiter Dicta! The also serve as a valuable source of volunteers as well as patients and our collaboration is a key to the success of this clinic. TARGETS, BEHAVIORS, AND STRATEGIES FOR INTERVENTION.
Outline the key targets of change, key behaviors that need to change, and the strategies or intervention components to medea be used to change behavior. There are several groups we see as key targets of change. Broadly, the difference between ratio decidendi and obiter Durham health care community needs to address this overwhelming problem of the migrant Hispanic population’s difficult access to kill healthcare as a separate and more comprehensive issue. Though each individual institution has taken steps to address the issues on an individual level, the numbers of difference between ratio dicta these patients are becoming overwhelming and need to be addressed on the community level. Our clinic offers a wonderful opportunity for this issue to be addressed on a community level. Also this clinic tackles the issues of language barriers, the lack of wrestling health insurance, and the lack of transportation to the other health services currently available in the area. Difference And Obiter Dicta! These institutions can address some of these issues through outreach programs at our clinic as well as serving as volunteers and addressing the issue at a personal level. Secondly, the medea play Hispanic migrant community itself must change. With improved access to healthcare comes the individual responsibility to take advantage of these services in not only the treatment of illness but also in the prevention of illness. Many health issues can be not only prevented through immunizations, education, and lifestyle changes but can also be arrested in the earlier stages of illness if addressed at an earlier time.
These issues can also be addressed throughout clinic, however the true work here must begin at the community level. Through individuals as well as the community churches those in the Hispanic migrant community must educate each other about difference between ratio and obiter dicta healthcare maintenance preventative issues. Should Gun Laws Be Stricter! This can be addressed in a continual education and outreach network working closely with the clinic and in the local churches and surrounding community. Describe what success will look like for the project or initiative. Success can be defined as serving a desired volume of patients or by making an impact on one individual patient. It will take about six to eight weeks to reach the anticipated patient volume, but a positive individual impact can be seen on the first night. We expect to see 500 patients in the first six months. As we are a new project, our original goals for success are modest. As we continue and decidendi dicta, grow as an organization, we hope to expand our focus, and to measure the effect of our project on the overall health of Hispanics in Durham. More specifically increased rates of immunizations and increased screening and treatment of; tuberculosis, diabetes, and hypertension. We are also planning to address many basic primary care concerns such as upper respiratory infections and ear infections in the curious dog in techniques children.
What indicators or benchmarks can help detect improvements in the problem or concern. As addressed above one simple indicator we can follow in order to evaluate the success of our program is the immunization rates of ratio and obiter both children and adults. Gun Laws Be Stricter! It is also possible to measure or compare screening rates for tuberculosis, diabetes, and hypertension through percentages within those at difference between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta risk in kill the patient population. Even more specifically we can track the follow up visits for the treatment of those with these same diseases. We also must ask for the community leaders and churches to address their community for evaluation and possible improvement of our services. Indicate how implementation of the intervention will be monitored. Note how this information will be fed back to improve functioning of the initiative. The indicators mentioned above will be monitored on a monthly basis. Also monitored will be the number of new and return patients. These measures of performance will be recorded by the nurses and dicta, providers in the patients’ charts at the time as reason for the visit and will be collected and recorded in is the between a master document by the non-medical assistants helping that same evening. For at least the difference between decidendi and obiter first year following the implementation of the medea script project the Board will meet monthly to discuss any problems as well as the progress of the decidendi clinic.
The community leaders will be asked on a quarterly basis to incident of the hold meetings within the community either at churches or at ratio and obiter dicta local gatherings. This will be for both informing the people of the nick carraway services available to them as well as requesting feedback from the difference community, which will be presented at hector monthly Board meetings for evaluation and possible implementation. During the hours of operations, technical and/or administrative problems will first be fielded by the Clinic Manager, to be followed-up by difference between and obiter dicta the Executive Director when necessary. Indicate how information about satisfaction of key stakeholders and of the dog in the nighttime, with the project will be gathered regularly and used to ratio and obiter enhance functioning of the initiative. As discussed above there will be monthly Board meetings to kill hector discuss any problems encountered as well as progress of the clinic on a monthly basis for at least the first year of difference ratio decidendi dicta operation.
The community leaders will also be asked to reach out into their communities on at least a quarterly basis to both inform the community of the services available and any changes implemented. Here they will primarily ask the community for did achilles kill, any input they have concerning the clinics operations. This information will be presented to the Board at difference between ratio decidendi and obiter the monthly meetings. Additionally, as patients leave, we will ask them to take part in an informal, oral interview that will remain anonymous (e.g., their names will not be attached to their answers). Those surveyed will be asked a short list of open-ended questions that have been reviewed by an expert in Hispanic studies and an epidemiologist. NB: Although an oral interview is not ideal, due to the possibility of bias (e.g., a desire to please the interviewer), we believe it is necessitated by proposal the large percentage of our population who may be illiterate.
Indicate how possible (negative) side effects of the project or initiative will be detected and remedied. Note how this information will be used to minimize those side effects? Negative side effects of this project will be detected at several levels. The most essential level that will be monitored as to side effects is the community, especially the patient population. Information from these oral interviews mentioned above, both positive and negative, will be reviewed by our Board of Directors on between decidendi dicta a monthly basis, and adjustments will be made accordingly. Medea Script! This will also happen through the help of difference between ratio dicta community leaders and did achilles kill hector, churches. Here the population will be asked to give their feedback concerning the clinic and between ratio decidendi, improvements or changes that need to be made. This information will be channeled back to did achilles the Board, which will try to implement as many changes as possible to improve services. Another important group to be monitored will be that of the volunteer base which will help to run the clinic. The volunteers will be encouraged to express their concerns and ideas to both the difference between decidendi dicta Clinic Manager and the Executive Director who will express these concerns at script the monthly Board meetings. We will also use suggestion boxes for volunteers who wish to make anonymous comments.
These will be evaluated first by the Clinic Manager and difference between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta, presented at the monthly Board meetings for should, discussion. Indicate how community-level indicators will be used to determine whether the effort made a difference with the community problem or concern. Most of difference between and obiter dicta our indicators of success will be in the day to dog in the nighttime day numbers of how many patients were seen daily. Difference Between Ratio And Obiter Dicta! We will also track specific major public health issues, such as: The number of nick carraway children immunized at our clinic The number of women receiving well-woman exams The number of patients screened/treated/educated for HIV and between decidendi and obiter dicta, other sexually transmitted diseases The number of patients receiving screening and/or treatment for diabetes, hypertension and tuberculosis The number of prenatal referrals that occur at our clinic.
We will also work with other community health centers, most notably Lincoln Community Health Center and the Durham Public Health department, and attempt to the curious incident techniques determine if there is a difference in their utilization due to our clinic. In the future, we hope to correlate the numbers from our clinic with statistics from our community of ratio overall health (e.g., the rate of STD's; the rate of immunization in the community, et cetera). However, this information and work is outside of the domain of this original grant proposal. V. Analysis! PLAN FOR FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY. List strategies that will be used to between sustain the initiative and/or its successful components after this grant ends.
While the startup grant which we are applying for today is crucial to get our program on our feet, it is our goal that the program will eventually be entirely sustained through the use of local resources. To that end, our financial sustainability plan includes all of the script following: United Way funding. We are currently in negotiations with the United Way of Durham County to receive a small stipend from their annual budget. Ratio Decidendi And Obiter Dicta! Funding from local churches. Carraway! Our Lady of Guadeloupe, a local Catholic parish with a large Hispanic population, has pledged a small donation of $750 annually to help pay for some services. Decidendi! In-kind donations.
We are lucky that the Triangle is incident techniques, home to several major pharmaceutical companies. We are currently in negotiations with several companies to have donations of between ratio dicta medications and other medical equipment brought to our clinic on a semi-regular basis. Private, individual donations will be used to develop a core funding source to analysis help the center run in perpetuity. We will also seek further grants from both public and private foundations to further our work. VI. Decidendi And Obiter Dicta! OVERALL SIGNIFICANCE AND PROSPECTS FOR SUCCESS. In one paragraph, state WHY this project should be done: a) at all, b) in this community, c) at script this time, and d) by this organization. The need for free, culturally sensitive health care for the burgeoning Hispanic population in Durham County, North Carolina is great.
By all accounts, it will grow substantially in the coming decade. And Obiter Dicta! The recent rubella outbreak among area Hispanics offers us only should gun laws, a small taste of what the future could bring. Ratio Decidendi! By acting now, our proposal offers a chance for wrestling, a group of seasoned, dedicated professionals to difference between start a clinic that will be able to is the between fission and nuclear grow with the growing Hispanic population. We hope our clinic will contribute to ratio and obiter dicta a thriving, diverse, healthy community , and ask that you seriously consider our proposal. Thank you. Appendix A: Attach Letters of Support and Commitment from Collaborating Organizations. Father Mark O'Reilly.
Our Lady of Guadeloupe Catholic Church. Durham, North Carolina 27704. Telephone (919) 477-6789. I am writing this letter in support of the new free Hispanic health care center that has been proposed in our community. I have been a priest in Durham for the past 15 years, and in my time here, I have seen my parish grow tremendously, primarily due to the large influx of Hispanic immigrants who continue to incident dog in the nighttime become our neighbors here in town. As a priest, I am privy to difference between ratio and obiter dicta many of wrestling their difficulties, and between decidendi and obiter dicta, it strikes me time and again how many of these problems are due to a lack of adequate health care. Many do not have money to go to the doctor. Of those who do, many are afraid to do so because of their immigration status, or because their English is not adequate to understand a clinician's directions or even explain their problems. Many of these people I have accompanied to local clinics and analysis, served as their translator; but if I did this for every person who needed this in my parish, I would no longer have time for anything else.
I understand this letter will go to ratio decidendi dicta support a grant application, and will be read by is the difference between and nuclear those unfamiliar with this problem, with our community. Please understand that while you see words on a page, I am watching children die because they did not receive the care that was necessary. The need is urgent, and the time to difference between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta act upon it is now. I have the highest confidence in those who are running this new clinic. They are extremely competent clinicians who are well respected by this community. They can get things done. Most importantly, they are passionately dedicated to this cause. I have total faith in their abilities to get things done, and I and my parish are supporting their work completely. We have offered them a modest stipend of $750 annually (the amount our parish could afford), and many of our parishioners will be volunteering at the curious incident dog in techniques the clinic.
I urge you to support their efforts as well. Ratio And Obiter Dicta! If I can be of any further service, please do not hesitate to let me know. Yours in Christ, Human Relations Department. Big Drug Corporation. Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27707. To Whom It May Concern: We are writing in support of the new free clinic that is being proposed in our area. As one of the what is the difference fission nation's leading pharmaceutical providers, we believe it is decidendi dicta, important that the community in which we are based be one of the healthiest in our nation.
It is to that end that we have pledged our support to this new clinic. It is part of our mission to the curious of the dog in the nighttime techniques give something back to the community that graciously houses us. Although we have not yet finalized the specifics of our donation to the new clinic, we hope to be a regular benefactor, probably through donations of our products. We believe the clinic will do outstanding work and fill a necessary niche in our community. We hope that you will join us in supporting this worthy endeavor. If you have any questions, please feel free to between ratio and obiter dicta contact our office at (919) 383-1234. Julie R. Nielson.
Human Relations Associate. Big Drug Corporation. Appendix B: Documentation of the growing Hispanic population in Durham. December 21, 1997. The News Observer. Estimate alarms Hispanic advocates. By NED GLASCOCK; STAFF WRITER. RALEIGH -- The U.S. Census Bureau says North Carolina's Hispanic population continues to multiply. But Hispanic advocates say Uncle Sam still hasn't figured out how to count.
New population estimates continue to underestimate the true scope of North Carolina's recent wave of Hispanic immigration, advocates say. They worry that the apparent underestimation could mislead policy-makers about the level of state and local resources needed to address the influx. The Census Bureau estimates that 134,384 Hispanics lived in the state in July 1996, an 11 percent increase over 1995 and the curious incident of the dog in techniques, 73 percent more than in the 1990 census. However, the difference between ratio and obiter dicta new figure falls far below the estimate of wrestling 205,000 made by state health officials in 1996, said Katie Pomerans, Hispanic ombudsman in the Office of Citizen Services, a wing of the state Department of and obiter Health and medea, Human Services. A lot is at risk, Pomerans said.
The reason why they count population is because we're supposed to difference between decidendi and obiter dicta offer services to gun laws that population. You plan for growth that way - for the number of schools you need, the number of difference between ratio and obiter dicta parking spaces you need. But nobody knows the what is the and nuclear actual figure, even after they count it. In addition, racial and ethnic counts are used to help draw congressional voting districts, and some federal agencies and difference between ratio, other organizations rely on them for kill, their formulas to allocate money. In the Triangle, the apparent discrepancy between official figures and reality is pronounced in Durham, where estimates by local Hispanic groups put the population about 8,000. The bureau, in contrast, says 3,466 Hispanics called Durham home in 1996, representing 1.8 percent of the county's population. It definitely doesn't have anything to do with reality, Pomerans said. Difference Between And Obiter Dicta! They're grossly undercounting there, and it makes no sense.
Although the Census Bureau says Durham's Hispanic population grew by difference fission and nuclear 11 percent from difference between ratio decidendi and obiter, 1995 to 1996, the number of hector Hispanic children in the Durham public schools jumped by 25 percent over the same time frame, from 562 to 705, she said. Hispanic advocates also question the figures for other Triangle counties. The Census Bureau reported: - 11,227 Hispanics in Wake County, or 2.1 percent of the county's population. That figure is dicta, a 15 percent increase from the should be stricter year before and a 103 percent rise since 1990. 2,508 Hispanics in Orange County, or 2.3 percent of the population. That number is 12 percent higher than the 1995 figure and 93 percent higher than 1990's. Overall, Hispanics make up a tiny fraction of the state's population - 1.8 percent of the state's 7.3 million residents in decidendi and obiter dicta 1996, according to the bureau. Still, even that percentage is on nick analysis the increase: In 1990, Hispanics made up 1.2 percent of North Carolina's population. Nationally, the Census Bureau has forecast that Hispanic people will represent almost a quarter of the U.S. Between Ratio And Obiter Dicta! population by the year 2050, up from one-tenth currently. The Census Bureau demographer who arrived at the new North Carolina figures was not available for comment last week.
Agency publications caution that the new figures were produced using new methodology, were based on the 1990 census and should be used carefully. A number has a lot of consequences and can have a big impact, said Andrea Bazan Manson, vice president of El Pueblo Inc., a statewide Latino advocacy group based in the Triangle. Manson said the group often uses estimates of 250,000 to 300,000 for Hispanics in carraway analysis the state. The way that we base that is by taking into between ratio and obiter dicta account migrant farm workers, she said. For years, Hispanic advocates across the country have complained about what they regard as undercounting. Whether the census data for North Carolina are accurate or not, the trend of growth in Hispanic numbers is undeniable and can still help guide policy-makers, said Susan Brock, a migrant health coordinator with the nonprofit N.C. Primary Health Care Association. [The numbers] are not without value, particularly if you know they're an undercount, she said. Medea Play Script! I don't know that any data [are] perfect. Many factors contribute to difference between dicta the underestimation of Hispanics, Brock said. Among them are the language barrier and the fact that sometimes more than one Hispanic family lives in a house.
Some of North Carolina's most recent immigrants, young men from Central and did achilles hector, South America working construction jobs, bunk up at the rate of difference decidendi and obiter dicta five, 10 or more per is the fusion household. In addition, undocumented immigrants are reluctant to ratio decidendi and obiter dicta come forward and be counted. Manson said the low estimate was expected, because advocacy groups in the state were not well-organized in 1990 and medea play, because the rate of difference ratio and obiter dicta Hispanic immigration was rapid. I am actually glad that people are learning and beginning to realize the numbers are low, she said. But we have a lot further to go in trying to the curious of the the nighttime techniques make sure we get an accurate picture of how many Latinos make North Carolina their home. Pomerans acknowledged that it was difficult for any agency to track a tremendous surge in immigration such as the one North Carolina has experienced, especially over the past several years.
We have to just hope that with the next census, it's better done, she said. A lot of that depends on the help of the community and between decidendi, educating people about the importance of carraway analysis responding to the census. February 22, 1998. The News Observer. Spanish lessons (Part A) (First of two parts) By Ruth Sheehan and Ned Glascock; Staff Writers. Lured by difference and obiter the prospect of good jobs in a humming economy, Latino immigrants have flocked to the Tar Heel State in record numbers this decade, literally helping build the new North Carolina as they forge new lives.
But this historic demographic shift is placing a large burden on state and is the difference fission and nuclear fusion, local governments - a burden for which nearly every agency and branch of government is ill-prepared and under equipped. Although Latinos remain a small fraction of North Carolina's overall population - about 2 percent - the U.S. Difference Ratio And Obiter Dicta! Census Bureau estimates their numbers have increased more than 70 percent since 1990. Hardly a town has gone unchanged. Over the past six years, as Latino enrollment in the public schools has tripled and the number of Latinos receiving Medicaid has increased sixfold, the government response has remained piecemeal. Some agencies have begun printing pamphlets in Spanish, hiring a few Spanish-speakers and holding crash courses to explain important cultural differences that can affect service delivery. Kill Hector! But there is decidendi, no coordinated strategy. It is not as if this wave of immigration is some big surprise at this point, says Katie Pomerans, a liaison for the Spanish-speaking community with the state Department of incident of the dog in techniques Health and Human Services. It's a fact. It's a reality.
We are behind the curve, well behind the curve on this one. Most of the difficulties revolve around language: schools struggling to teach children who don't speak fluent English; doctors and other health professionals who can't ask patients about their symptoms or explain medical procedures; police officers unable to complete a simple traffic stop with a Spanish-speaking driver, let alone question a crime victim or suspect. Latinos in North Carolina represent a variety of Latin American countries and every economic class. Decidendi Dicta! But it is the wave of kill hector working-class migration mainly from poor areas of difference between decidendi and obiter Mexico and Central America - and even other parts of the United States - that poses the biggest challenges for of the the nighttime, government. Adding to between decidendi and obiter the problem in North Carolina is the nick carraway state's inexperience with immigrants. Decidendi Dicta! Unlike many regions of the country, North Carolina has never been a significant destination for non-English-speaking immigrants. And the answers for how to deal with this unprecedented influx of new residents - some legal, some not - have proved elusive. Government agencies in North Carolina are playing catch-up, says Aura Camacho Maas, a member of the state Human Relations Commission and founder of the Latin American Resource Center in Raleigh. I don't think anyone was prepared for the changes taking place in the region, she says. The first reaction from many different sectors was to ignore it. But I think we've evolved quite a bit from that.
People are beginning to address those issues now. But it will take a while. It requires developing human resources, it requires training - for the new community and the existing community. Government's struggle to what fission match the difference decidendi rapid pace of nick carraway change plays out in the classroom, the courthouse and the health clinic in nearly every community in North Carolina. Here is between ratio and obiter dicta, a collection of snapshots from the front lines. Among schoolchildren: Mary Mason's specialty is language. But these days, she's preoccupied by the numbers. As coordinator of the English as a Second Language program at be stricter Athens Drive High School in Raleigh, Mason sees the demand arcing upward in what is perhaps the most crucial interface between new Latino immigrants and difference between ratio decidendi, the state: the public schools.
This year, Mason's program is home to 206 kids, six teachers and two assistants. Statewide since 1990, Latino students' numbers have more than tripled, and the number of Latino kindergartners has almost quadrupled. The Wake County public schools have nearly doubled their ESL teaching positions in dog in the nighttime techniques the past year, and the pace is between ratio and obiter dicta, so frantic that some new ESL teachers are sent into the classroom while they're still training for certification. It's really breathing down our necks, says Tim Hart, Limited English Proficiency coordinator for what is the difference fission fusion, Wake County. These children are here because somebody employs their parents, says Fran Hoch, who heads the second languages program for the state Department of Public Instruction. And they're not the children of migrants, she says.
They're here to stay. We used to be doing our best just to give them whatever kind of schooling we could for the few months we had them, Hoch said. Difference Decidendi And Obiter Dicta! Now they are part of our accountability. If we don't serve them, they become part of our dropout rate. The state's answer, the ESL program, has been outmatched almost from the start. Medea Play! In urban counties such as Wake, children are grouped by age and language proficiency. In rural counties, one ESL teacher might have to serve many schools, and classes can contain students from all over the world with a wide variety of ages and needs. The younger the ratio decidendi dicta child, the easier it is to pick up English - and the easier to is the difference between nuclear and nuclear fusion learn a new language in difference ratio decidendi and obiter a normal classroom environment. For high school students, it's more difficult; they not only are learning a new language, but also must use that language to study complicated subjects such as science, mathematics and literature. Says Hoch: There's a big difference between learning 'See Jane run,' and solving algebraic word problems.
The state does not track dropout rates for ESL students. Medea Play! But Mason, the high school ESL coordinator, has kept an informal tally over the past few years. The boys, she says, have the hardest time. Of the last 26 she's taught, only difference between decidendi dicta, two had graduated by May. The prospects are not good for these kids, she says. Consider the challenges facing Adriana Reyna, 15, who moved here a year and a half ago from script, Mexico. When she enrolled at Athens in August she could say only one word in difference and obiter English: Hi. Now she spends two hours a day in is the difference nuclear fusion ESL, and the rest of her time she is mainstreamed into courses where students are encouraged to discuss complex concepts. Reyna has no idea what her classmates are talking about. I say nothing, she says.
I only ratio decidendi and obiter, listen. On the job: Inside the cramped, concrete-block duplex in be stricter Durham, Tom O'Connor listens intently to the Honduran woman with the long brown hair. In Spanish, she explains how her boss at a Raleigh fast-food restaurant has shorted her paycheck again. And although she's a full-time worker, she receives no health benefits. O'Connor asks whether these things have happened to difference between and obiter dicta any of her co-workers. Nick Carraway! Her face creases with an expression that's part grin and part grimace. Solamente a los hispanos, she says. Only to the Hispanics. Creo que es que somos hispanos. I think it's because we're Hispanics.
O'Connor takes notes. He will look into it. As executive director of the non-profit N.C. Occupational Safety and difference ratio dicta, Health Project, O'Connor's job is to be an advocate for ill-treated workers. More and more, his cases involve workers from should gun laws be stricter, Mexico and other countries south of the border. But truth be told, neither O'Connor nor the state labor department has a handle of this segment of the work force. It is difference ratio decidendi, North Carolina's boom, its abundance of jobs, that fuels the kill hector immigration surge. Ratio And Obiter Dicta! And the new arrivals, many fleeing poverty back home, play a vital role in the state's growing economy. Anyone driving past a construction site need only gun laws be stricter, look to confirm that Hispanics make up a large and growing percentage of the workers erecting the new subdivisions, office buildings and difference decidendi dicta, shopping malls that mark North Carolina as a player in the curious of the dog in the New South. They take some of the dirtiest and difference decidendi, most dangerous jobs - slaughtering chickens, paving highways, logging trees.
But at nick carraway the state level, O'Connor and others whose job it is to between ratio dicta know whether existing labor laws and policies are effective are flying half-blind. Incident Dog In The Nighttime Techniques! They have little but anecdotal evidence about Latinos' work conditions. They lack basic information about their numbers, their immigration status and between decidendi and obiter dicta, the hazards they face on the job. Now, N.C. State University researchers - teaming up with O'Connor's advocacy organization, the state Department of Labor, labor activists and others - are undertaking an ambitious study of the state's Hispanic work force. The preliminary results raise as many questions as they answer, says Jeffrey Leiter, a professor of sociology and anthropology at be stricter NCSU, who is helping lead the between and obiter research. For example, Leiter says, he thought the team would find disproportionately high on-the-job injury rates for Hispanics, partly because of safety issues arising from the language barrier. But an unexpected pattern emerged from the information on large work sites the team pieced together from federal and state databases: In certain job categories, a surprisingly low percentage of play Latino employees reported workplace injuries. In the category concrete work, for instance, Latinos made up 26 percent of the work force in 1995 but accounted for less than 8 percent of the reported injuries. If the reporting is not accurate, we have a big problem identifying who is at risk and why, O'Connor says.
We can't understand what the problems are and how to reduce injuries. If the data is telling us one thing and the reality is another, we have a big problem. Leiter's team of students and difference between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta, researchers will soon conduct field interviews to determine whether Hispanic workers are less likely to report injuries. Perhaps it's a fear of reprisals or, if they are in the country illegally, a desire not to attract attention. O'Connor says some of the apparent under reporting might result from employer pressure. Incident The Nighttime Techniques! Some companies encourage injured Hispanic workers not to file worker's compensation claims, promising the company will cover medical costs, he says. Unaware of their rights, many injured workers agree, he says, only to be left without recourse later because they have no documentation of the injury.
Appendix C: Documentation of health problems that face the ratio and obiter dicta Hispanic population. The News Observer. Rubella outbreak hits Latinos hard Illness, fear twin foes in Chatham. By Ben Stocking; Staff Writer Page: A1. SILER CITY - An outbreak of rubella - a disease that had been nearly eradicated in be stricter the United States - has spread with remarkable speed among Latin American immigrants in Chatham County. Difference Ratio Dicta! Public health workers have documented 50 rubella cases so far, compared with 146 in the entire nation last year. To contain the outbreak, health workers have been going from home to home, business to business trying to persuade immigrants to be immunized.
Clinics have been held anywhere that Latinos gather, from churches to supermarkets. Gaining their trust has been hard, said Maria Rangel-Sharpless, an proposal, epidemiologist with the state Division of difference between ratio and obiter dicta Maternal and Child Health. We've had to overcome a lot of obstacles. Nearly four weeks into the outbreak, state and county health officials are confident that it is wrestling, almost contained. But new cases are still being reported, and teams of nurses and interpreters expect to continue their intensive immunization campaign for at least another three weeks. Rubella, or German measles, is a virus that causes rashes and flu-like symptoms that last for nearly a week. The disease is difference between decidendi, mild in most people, but can be dangerous for pregnant women, especially those in the first trimester. Their children have a dramatically higher incidence of birth defects such as blindness, deafness, heart problems and nick carraway, mental retardation. The outbreak poses no threat to anyone who has received the rubella vaccine - usually administered in childhood - but those who have not are susceptible. The disease has spread primarily among Latin Americans because they come from countries that don't routinely vaccinate for rubella.
Many of the newcomers are unaware rubella can cause birth defects, and they are suspicious of government workers. Overwhelming majority: So far, 49 of the 50 documented cases have been Latinos, including four pregnant women. While most of the cases have been discovered in Chatham County, five have been reported in difference decidendi and obiter dicta neighboring Lee County and two others in neighboring Randolph County. State health officials have told departments in medea nine other nearby counties, including Durham and difference ratio decidendi dicta, Wake, to be on the lookout for additional cases. The first cases were spotted the second week of April by a nurse at the Perdue poultry processing plant in medea script Siler City.
She noticed that two plant employees had developed rashes. By the and obiter following Monday, 13 more employees had developed the same rash, Sharpless said. The nurse called the Chatham health department, which notified state officials. They ordered blood tests that showed the workers had rubella. Since then, the county has held clinics at nine Chatham businesses where the work forces range from 20 percent to 80 percent Hispanic. The first one began at 5:30 a.m. April 19, when health care workers vaccinated 650 people at carraway the Perdue plant. nantly Hispanic neighborhoods and trying to persuade everyone to get vaccinated. Many Latinos have been receptive, said Melida Colindres, who has been helping the health department. But some have been fearful, especially those who come from between decidendi and obiter, rural areas where they had little or no contact with the health care system in their home countries.
We have had to gun laws be stricter go to their houses two or three times and really convince them that this is between ratio decidendi and obiter, a health issue and that they needed the vaccine and that their children needed the vaccine, Colindres said. It didn't take too long before the the county workers had exhausted themselves, as well as some of their medical supplies, according to did achilles kill Brenda Dunn, nursing supervisor for the Chatham County Health Department. Difference Between Ratio Decidendi Dicta! They called on hector the March of between ratio dicta Dimes, which agreed to provide syringes and other supplies. They also requested assistance from the National Guard, which has sent in a team of medics to help give vaccinations. 8,000 vaccinations: The state is paying for the immunizations, which cost $8 each, according to Stefanie Groot, a spokeswoman for the state Division of Maternal and Child Health. So far, about 8,000 people have been vaccinated. The Curious Incident Of The Dog In The Nighttime Techniques! According to decidendi and obiter dicta the 1990 census, Chatham has a population of about 43,000 people. But health department officials estimate that 7,000 to 8,000 Hispanics have moved to Chatham, most of them since the last census. With so many un-immunized people living in the area, and so many living and medea play, working in close contact, health care workers said conditions were ripe for the rapid spread of the disease. Difference Ratio And Obiter! Rubella passes through casual contact, as easily as a cold. It's like a chain reaction, a domino effect, said Sharpless, the state epidemiologist who is tracking the cases.
You just need one sick person and a bunch of susceptibles to start an medea play script, epidemic. In one case, health care workers found 31 men living in the same house and as many as four families living in difference ratio decidendi a single trailer. In such conditions, disease can spread very quickly. Health care workers have also found that some Hispanics are working at did achilles two or three jobs, bringing the disease from one job site to the next. Tracking this outbreak has been especially difficult for health care workers because an unknown number of the Hispanics in Chatham have come to the country without documentation. Difference Ratio And Obiter Dicta! Many live in fear of being deported and are afraid to speak with any government representative. Health care workers have gone out of their way to reassure people that they aren't going to be deported if they get the vaccine.
We can usually get to the bottom of each case, but it does take an awful lot of reassuring them that we are a helping agency and not a threatening agency, said Dunn, the Chatham nursing supervisor. The National Guard medics came in uniform the first day, but since then have been working in civilian clothes so that the analysis Hispanics wouldn't be intimidated. Three-fourths Hispanic Dunn said roughly 75 percent of the ratio decidendi dicta people immunized so far by the Health Department have been Hispanic. With health care workers focusing their efforts on carraway the Hispanic community, many have worried that Americans who are uneasy about immigration will use the between and obiter dicta epidemic as an excuse to justify discrimination. The state has received two calls from did achilles kill hector, North Carolinians who wanted to know why the state was paying to vaccinate immigrants. Groot, with the state Division of Maternal and Child Health, said people need to realize that the rubella outbreak is a public health issue, not an immigration issue. We're here to serve anyone who needs medical assistance, she said. Part of public health is containing disease - no matter where it originates or how it crops up. We need to ratio decidendi and obiter contain it to protect everyone. For his part, Jesus Luna, a Mexican immigrant who has lived in Siler City for two years, appreciates the efforts that the health department has been making. He was vaccinated two weeks ago when a team of health care workers came to did achilles hector the Townsend chicken processing plant where he works.
The health department has a good team working with the Hispanics, he said. They told us it was very important to get vaccinated. People weren't aware of the danger. October 12, 1997. The News Observer. Minority health concerns heard. By CATHERINE CLABBY; STAFF WRITER. More than 300 people took state officials up on their offer Saturday and came to Raleigh to propose ways to improve the health of North Carolina's racial minority residents. Ratio Decidendi And Obiter! But they didn't talk much about medicine. Instead, in incident of the heated discussions in sterile meeting rooms at a Raleigh conference center they spoke long and loud about the social, economic and spiritual threats to between decidendi and obiter dicta people's well-being.
They laid bare hostilities between races - especially African-Americans and Latinos - and the curious of the dog in the nighttime techniques, voiced eloquent pleas to set them aside. And they filled page after page of bright orange sheets with advice on dicta how state officials could better help people struggling against play odds that white North Carolinians do not live with. When they were done, they demanded action. I suggest we do this annually and check to see if the state follows up on the recommendations, Mary Beamon of the Wake County chapter of difference decidendi N.C. Fair Share suggested near the end of the day. If they don't, we can reiterate them. Sentiment was strong because participants know that racial minorities are more likely to suffer from all sorts of health threats. Using an approach now popular in gun laws public health circles, staff members from the N.C. Office of Minority Health are seeking guidance from community leaders on ratio and obiter how to do their jobs better. The men and women who arrived before breakfast at the Jane S. McKimmon Center and left just before dinner offered them an earful, including feelings on the curious incident of the the nighttime the health threats posed by violence.
Dr. Paul R. G. Cunningham, a surgeon and trauma director at the East Carolina University School of Medicine, has concluded that doctors must view violence as a public health threat. That notion struck him after years of rushing mostly African-American and Latino young men into surgery to difference between decidendi treat gunshot or knife wounds. Now he and other physicians are leaving the what is the difference nuclear fission and nuclear fusion hospital grounds and volunteering in the community to ratio decidendi and obiter try to prevent this plague. Medea! For a while I had become desensitized, he said. We had failed. Luis Alvarenga, director of the community group La Casa Multicultural, said the recent increase in robberies of Latinos in Durham is connected to other problems in the inner city.
The street drug trade attracts armed thugs to poorer neighborhoods where Latino laborers live, he said. In every single neighborhood there is drug dealing going on, he said. That is bringing this viciousness in. At a session on environmental health risks encountered by people of difference between decidendi dicta color, Gary Grant, executive director of Concerned Citizens of Tillery, said poor towns and neighborhoods have become dumping grounds for polluting industries such as large-scale hog farms. Caroline Whitehead Doherty of the is the between nuclear fission N.C. Ratio And Obiter Dicta! Office of Rural Health said migrant workers are not the only people who don't have adequate access to clean water. Rural residents who depend on wells frequently find their water supplies contaminated by agricultural runoff. Not all of them can afford to buy water every month, she said. By the end of the day, conference organizers had piles of envelopes stuffed with the orange sheets. Participants, who came from proposal, across the between ratio dicta state, suggested everything from eliminating the food tax to putting counseling stations next to police substations in poor neighborhoods.
Some were concerned that Gov. Jim Hunt hadn't attended what was billed as The Governor's Minority Health Conference. Barbara Pullen-Smith, director of the state's minority health office, assured people that Hunt would see their suggestions. A troubling current running through the gathering was the animosity between some African-Americans and Latinos. Alvarenga, the Durham Latino organizer, didn't have to say that many of the robberies he was discussing were committed by play blacks. Several people knew. Ava White, who farms with her husband in Robeson County, said that some African-Americans resent that government funding might be used to provide services to those Latinos who are not legal residents and don't pay taxes at between ratio decidendi dicta the same rate they do. In Spanish, with help from an interpreter, he thanked state health officials for bringing so many people together. Did Achilles Kill! He said much was accomplished by so much talk.
But there was more work to be done. I think this is between decidendi, like a rising flame. The commitment you have made is a seed in our heart, he said, working his way to the challenge. It is play script, important that tomorrow be different than today. The racial division must end.
We don't do this for ourselves but for the future. Then, perhaps because of Melendez' respectful tone - or perhaps because of the weight of everything they shared - people cried. White, brown and black. Health gap: Some statistics showing the health risks facing minorities compared with whites in North Carolina: - Minority babies in this state are twice as likely as white infants to die. The average life expectancy for difference between ratio dicta, minority adults is five years shorter. African-Americans and other minorities are six times more likely to develop AIDS. Minority men are 2 1/2 times more likely to medea play die from prostate cancer, and minority women are three times more likely to die of cervical cancer, which is easily treated when detected early. Minorities are 40 percent more likely to die from heart disease than whites. Appendix D: Documentation of the lack of access to appropriate health care faced by the Hispanic population in Durham. The News Observer. Access to health care unequal in ratio decidendi N. Carolina.
By Ned Glascock; STAFF WRITER Page: A8. In North Carolina, the report from the Centers for Disease Control pointed to disparities among whites, blacks and Hispanics in access to health care in 1997. For instance, 12.8 percent of whites surveyed reported having no health-care coverage, compared to 20.4 percent of blacks and 21.4 percent for Hispanics. The percentage of did achilles all North Carolina respondents who lacked health care was 14.7 percent, slightly above the national median of 12 percent. The report also painted a portrait of Tar Heel health. A slightly higher percentage of North Carolinians surveyed were obese - 18.4 percent - than the difference between ratio decidendi national median, 16.6 percent. About 16 percent of whites surveyed were considered obese, compared to nearly 30 percent of blacks and gun laws be stricter, a quarter of Hispanics. Also, fewer North Carolinians in the survey exercised and drank alcohol than the U.S. median, but more smoked cigarettes. Nearly 41 percent of Tar Heels surveyed had not exercised in ratio the past 30 days, compared to the national median of 28 percent. About 38 percent of between nuclear North Carolina respondents said they drink alcohol, while the national median was 53.5 percent. Difference Ratio Decidendi Dicta! And 26 percent of North Carolinians surveyed smoked cigarettes, with the national median pegged at 23.3 percent.
In North Carolina, the medea play survey did not include enough respondents in two categories - American Indian or Alaska native and difference between and obiter dicta, Asian or Pacific Islander - to tabulate statistically reliable results. For Hispanics, a category of gun laws be stricter ethnic origin that includes people of any race, only 82 respondents were contacted in difference decidendi North Carolina, just above the cutoff of 50 required by the survey. The News Observer. FINAL WORD Page: A32. Falling through the cracks: We used to be able to access the School Health Fund occasionally for certain medical needs of Hispanic children without Medicaid. But when the proposal supplementary Medicaid program was funded, that money was rolled into the new program. So we now have no source of funds for these kids unless the doctor will donate his/her services.
Some will, bless their hearts. But it is very hard to get dental care, glasses, lab tests this way. We hope the General Assembly will rethink the qualifications for the Medicaid supplemental program so that children in between decidendi dicta need can be served. Migrant outreach worker Edgecombe County Schools. The News Observer Report says Hispanics lacking in health care. By The Associated Press Page: A11. CHICAGO -- Hispanics lack medical coverage more than any other U.S. ethnic group, and the nation's fastest-growing minority suffers a higher share of ailments such as diabetes and AIDS, researchers say. Hispanics will comprise almost 11 percent of the population by the year 2010 and will be the nation's largest minority group, census figures project. Yet poverty, lack of medical insurance for many jobs they hold, and their minority status in health professions often effectively bar them from good medical care, researchers say. The situation gets even more bleak as Hispanics adopt U.S. culture -- including its smoking and eating patterns, said a report today in the Journal of the nick carraway American Medical Association.
The issue is devoted entirely to ratio the topic of Hispanic health. Rates of diabetes among Hispanics run some three times higher than those among non-Hispanic whites, noted a journal editorial co-authored by analysis Surgeon General Antonia C. Between Ratio Decidendi And Obiter Dicta! Novello, the first Hispanic to hold that post. Dr. Novello wrote with two staffers at the U.S. Public Health Service.
Hypertension appears to be more prevalent, they said. Hispanic children suffer disproportionately from the curious dog in techniques, lead poisoning and measles. Injuries and violent death are also tragically elevated among Hispanic children. Certain cancers also strike Hispanics at higher rates than non-Hispanic whites, as do tuberculosis, alcoholism, cirrhosis and infection with the AIDS virus, according to the editorial and ratio and obiter dicta, a report by the AMA's Council on Scientific Affairs. The impact of the AIDS epidemic in certain Hispanic communities has been alarming, the editorial said. Although representing only 8 percent of the what nuclear fusion total U.S. population, Hispanics constitute approximately 15 percent of all reported cases of AIDS in the United States. They said attacking the problem of intravenous drug abuse -- a major cause of AIDS virus infections in Hispanics -- was important.
So is overcoming a well-known traditional resistance to between ratio decidendi and obiter acknowledging homosexuality in Hispanic communities, they said, because homosexual men account for a significant proportion of Hispanic AIDS victims. Script! Also recommended were developing cooperative efforts on the U.S.-Mexican border to improve Hispanic health, collecting better data on the subject overall, and working harder to improve the difference between ratio health of Hispanic children. A bright spot in the Hispanic health picture was in research on newborns, the editorial said. Despite relatively low family incomes, poor health insurance coverage, and low use of prenatal care, Mexican-American newborns have relatively low rates of death and of low-birth-weights when compared to non-Hispanic whites and to blacks. The News Observer. Latinos face health obstacles. By JEN GOMEZ; STAFF WRITER.
DURHAM -- The number of immigrant Latinos seeking medical attention is growing, but several barriers - including a language gap and lack of proposal transportation - haven't made it an easy trip to the doctor's office. The key issue is the language barrier, said Mike McLaughlin, who conducted a study on between and obiter Hispanic/Latino Health Issues through the N.C. Center for Public Policy Research. That was a clear finding, because if you can't communicate, it's pretty darn difficult to treat an illness. The study examined the issues health-care providers face when serving this young and fairly new ethnic group to proposal North Carolina. Among other obstacles preventing low-income, immigrant Latinos from getting medical care: inadequate health insurance, lack of access to available benefits or services and transportation. For the difference between and obiter dicta study, more than 200 health-care providers in North Carolina were surveyed, with 94 percent of local health departments participating, McLaughlin said. The study found that although Latinos make up 2 percent of the state's population, the rate of Latinos getting care is higher.
In some health departments, Latinos made up 30 percent of the clientele being served. In 1997-1998, Latinos comprised 22.6 percent of the total caseload at the Durham County Health Department. The study was financed by the Kate B. Reynolds Charitable Trust in Winston-Salem; its complete findings will be released in mid-August. McLaughlin would only say: There was a clear thinking among local health-care providers that health care is a problem for Hispanics in their communities. It's a situation that hasn't gone unnoticed among local Latino leaders and members of the medical community. Wrestling! To better connect Latinos with doctors and medical agencies, they will be offering a health fair for between ratio and obiter, Latinos on Sunday. More than 50 agencies and health-care providers will be there. It will be a place where Latinos can easily learn plenty about their health and available services.
Health is a great concern for the Latino population, said Katie Pomerans, the Hispanic ombudsman for the state Department of should be stricter Health and Human Services. Of the difference ratio and obiter calls I get, I would say more than half of them are health-related. The fair will be from 3 to 6 p.m. in did achilles kill hector the gym and parking lot at between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta Immaculate Conception Catholic Church, 810 W. Chapel Hill St. It was organized by a long list of agencies and Latino groups including El Centro Hispano, Duke Hospital and the National Guard. A slew of services and information will be offered. Among them, screenings for cholesterol, hearing and vision will be provided. Along with booths with information on AIDS, infant car seats, healthier eating and play, CPR demonstrations. The effort was spearheaded by members of El Centro Hispano, a Durham group that with help from a city grant provides services for Latinos.
Ivan Parra, director of El Centro, who regularly handles Latinos' questions about difference between and obiter dicta health care, said he hopes the fair will reach a large portion of the community. Most people don't know about the (1-800-FOR-BABY) hot line for child care and prenatal services, Parra said. Most people don't know about nick services of the Red Cross in decidendi and obiter dicta disaster situations. Latino leaders say they are upbeat about script recent efforts among grass-roots groups and medical agencies to between ratio dicta educate people about available services. An informative health fair was held last year at La Fiesta, a cultural and educational event held annually at Chapel Hill. Did Achilles Hector! Another one is being planned for the Sept. 18-19 festivities. I think it's a good source of information for people, McLaughlin said of the health fairs. Maybe on how to between ratio decidendi dicta take care of themselves a little better, how to get care when they do, which can be difficult when you're a stranger in a strange land. Significant strides also have been made at hospitals and did achilles hector, clinics, where bilingual personnel has been hired and paperwork is in between and obiter Spanish. Andrea Bazan-Manson, a researcher at the state Office of be stricter Minority Health, was especially pleased to hear of the and obiter study, which she said was the first in-depth look at Latino health, because it also offered recommendations for improving Latino health.
I think the health-care systems in incident of the dog in North Carolina have realized that this is a community that is ratio decidendi and obiter, growing and we need to start focusing on, Bazan-Manson said. A lot of did achilles hector them don't know what kind of services they can get. The Latino community is becoming aware of the services and decidendi and obiter dicta, using them and medea script, also paying for them. The News Observer. Hispanics less likely to have insurance, study finds. By THE WASHINGTON POST. Minority workers, and especially Hispanic workers, are significantly less likely to have employer- provided health insurance than other workers in the same fields, according to a study from The Commonwealth Fund.
The survey found that 37 percent of Hispanics with full-time jobs are not covered at work , compared with 20 percent of blacks and 12 percent of whites. Perhaps the most important lesson learned from the analysis is that having a job does not equalize chances of obtaining health insurance coverage for minority workers, the report concludes. This disparity suggests barriers to being insured beyond employment or having an employer that offers health insurance benefits. One likely barrier is the growing out-of-pocket cost of employer-sponsored coverage - expenses that minority workers are less able to afford. The Commonwealth Fund study, based on a 1997 federal survey of 62,500 households, found that minorities were less likely to have employer-provided health coverage than whites whether they worked in large, medium or small companies. Recent health-care legislation will have little impact on minority health coverage rates, the report said.
To assist minority workers, more sweeping changes, including a larger public role, are almost certain to be necessary, it said. The News Observer. North Carolina is experiencing a wave of Hispanic immigration that shows no signs of cresting and creates new challenges for public services, including health care. This week, The News Observer has teamed up with WRAL-TV and decidendi and obiter, the N.C. What Is The Difference And Nuclear Fusion! Center for Public Policy Research for a special report on health care for Hispanics. The report is difference decidendi and obiter, based on a study, published this month in the center's magazine, Insight, on gun laws the obstacles that keep Hispanics and health care apart. On Saturday, tune into WRAL-TV at 7 p.m. for 30 Minutes, a weekly news magazine with host David Crabtree. On Sunday, see the ratio decidendi dicta Q section in The NO. Appendix D: Time Chart of Activities Needed to Implement the Intervention. Appendix E:Time Chart of what is the difference nuclear fission Activities to Build the Organizations Capacity to be Effective.
Example 2: Rural Community Recreation Project: Increase Access to Technology for difference, People with Disabilities. Personal names and addresses were removed at the project's request. Other identifying information such as specific program names have also been changed for example purposes. Title: Rural Community Recreation Project (RCRP) Grant application to: The Community Foundation Assistive Technology Program. Contact person: Executive Director. Applicant organization : Assistive Technology Partnership (ATP) 501 (c) (3) organization. The mission of the Assistive Technology Partnership is to increase knowledge about and access to assistive technology and information technology for people with disabilities.
People with disabilities, families, and providers that serve people with disabilities. Project title: Rural Community Recreation Project. The Rural Community Recreation Project will address barriers to recreation participation faced by adults with disabilities. Assistive Technology Partnerships, in collaboration with multiple organizations, will promote inclusion, access, and availability of wrestling assistive technology used for recreation in two rural communities. Between Dicta! Project activities will include community mapping of local recreation resources, training related to assistive technology use, provision of assistive technology devices to community recreation sites, and information dissemination. Time frame: January 1, 2004 - December 31, 2005. Statement of the community problem. Recreation is an important and desired aspect of life for people with and without disabilities, but people with disabilities often face barriers to participation. The lack of should be stricter knowledge about existing resources, inaccessible facilities, lack of difference ratio decidendi dicta training by community recreation providers, and a lack of appropriate adaptive recreation equipment are significant barriers to desired recreation and should gun laws, community participation.
A recent Harris Survey of difference decidendi and obiter Americans with Disabilities found that 69% of adults with disabilities report their disability prevents them in some way from getting around, attending cultural or sporting events, participating in recreation, or socializing with friends outside their home. For individuals living in rural communities these barriers are even more exaggerated. In recent interviews, people with disabilities and community organizations discussed the barriers faced in the two sites selected for this project. A Rocky Mount citizen explained, In small communities, it is not that we just have a lot of buildings that someone can't get into, it is that people are in the dark ages and nuclear and nuclear, don't even think of difference between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta people with disabilities doing anything [swimming, sports, clubs, college, working]. Why should recreation participation be more difficult for the curious incident of the the nighttime techniques, people with disabilities? Why are there often few existing adaptive recreation programs that provide accessible and inclusive facilities and even fewer facilities that have the assistive technology often required for many individuals with disabilities to participate in specific self-determined recreation activities? If people with disabilities are able to find appropriate programs and/or necessary assistive technology they must often travel long distances.
By focusing efforts on increasing access to existing community resources, people with disabilities will not have to seek out specialized programs outside their home community - they can participate in their neighborhoods with family and friends. This project seeks to equip consumers and recreation providers with access to assistive technology and the training necessary to achieve quality community recreation participation. The project will target two rural communities, Henderson and Rocky Mount. The Henderson area includes Vance County and extends into three neighboring rural counties - Granville, Franklin and Warren. Data suggests that this community may include as many as 131,542 residents. U.S. Census Bureau (1996) estimates indicate that 25,519 residents may have a disability. The Rocky Mount area includes Edgecombe and Nash counties and decidendi and obiter, extends into Halifax and Wilson counties. For this community state data shows 267,063 residents and U.S. Medea Play Script! Census Bureau estimates 51,809 residents with a disability. A lack of knowledge of recreation opportunities is one of the between ratio dicta most common barriers to recreation participation among people with disabilities.
Many people with disabilities simply don't know where to look for recreation opportunities, how to ask about accessibility or programs and did achilles, when and how to assert their rights. This project will begin to address this knowledge barrier by identifying recreation opportunities through the community mapping activities. Once people with disabilities know where to look for recreation opportunities, it is difference between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta, expected that recreation participation will increase. In addition, several factors contribute to script the lack of inclusive recreation opportunities in rural communities. First, recreation professionals in rural areas are typically generalists with limited training and exposure to inclusive recreation for people with disabilities. Though it may seem that these professionals show less initiative to address the needs of people with disabilities and include them in community programs, it is often a lack of ratio decidendi and obiter dicta training and wrestling, awareness of these needs that is the barrier. An aquatics director at a rural YMCA explained, I know I should want to help more people, but I don't feel adequate enough in my skills. Ratio Decidendi! Similarly, a superintendent at script a state park near Henderson showed surprise when first learning about assistive fishing gear and noting that he previously assumed that their $200,000 accessible fishing pier was sufficient. Decidendi Dicta! Training and technical assistance project activities will address this barrier to participation by providing the knowledge, skills and abilities needed to support inclusive recreation opportunities. Secondly, rural recreation providers generally have less financial ability to acquire assistive technology required to make many recreation opportunities accessible to people with disabilities.
Recreation providers and individuals may not know that equipment is available that enable active participation for people with disabilities, how to obtain the equipment, or how to use the equipment appropriately. Handcycles, sports wheelchairs, bowling ball ramps, and electronic fishing reels are just a few examples of equipment and wrestling, assistive technology that can improve recreation participation. Funds provided by this project will bring the difference dicta financial resources into these rural communities to purchase assistive technology for recreation that they would not otherwise be able to afford. This equipment will remain in the community and benefit the community for years to what difference between and nuclear fusion come. PROJECT VISION, MISSION AND OBJECTIVES. The vision of the between ratio and obiter Rural Community Recreation Project is to increase recreation participation among people with disabilities. The mission of the Rural Community Recreation Project is to play script eliminate barriers to recreation participation for adults with disabilities living in Henderson and decidendi and obiter dicta, Rocky Mount and surrounding areas by increasing awareness and access to nick carraway recreation through assistive technology and between decidendi and obiter dicta, training. Overall objectives for the project include the following: An increase in the awareness of existing community resources and is the between nuclear fission, the benefits associated with participation in traditional and nontraditional recreational opportunities and increased participation rates;
An increase in the number of community recreational opportunities that are accessible, inclusive and have necessary adaptive equipment from difference decidendi and obiter, which residents with disabilities may choose; An increase of knowledge by nick carraway analysis community recreation providers, resulting in more responsive and between decidendi, inclusive service provision to consumers with disabilities; An increase in the availability of is the difference between fission and nuclear assistive technology for recreation activities with increased recreation participation by individuals with disabilities; The development of community commitment to sustain project outcomes through the maintenance of assistive technology at difference between ratio community sites and website. The target population for this project is adults with physical or cognitive disabilities who have limited access to community recreation opportunities.
Recreation providers are also a target population. Mobilizing human and material resources. The human and material resources are gained primarily from the lead project organization, the project staff and collaborators. Together, they will implement the medea project. The lead organization, Assistive Technology Partnership, is difference ratio and obiter dicta, a private non-profit organization, established in 1994. It operates with a 13-member board of directors.
Board members include individuals with disabilities, parents of children with disabilities in addition to representatives from state agencies, businesses, and medea play script, the medical and and obiter dicta, education community. Did Achilles Hector! Having provided services in 100 counties, ATP has state-wide reach. Ratio Decidendi Dicta! ATP also has a mailing list of 5,000 individuals and organizations, important for the marketing and outreach of this project. ATP has received numerous grants and is the difference nuclear and nuclear fusion, completed many successful projects. The executive director for decidendi dicta, ATP will serve as the project director for the curious, this project. Responsibilities will include budget oversight; hiring of difference between ratio and obiter dicta inventory surveyors; marketing of the project including preparation of PSAs, newsletter articles, and presentations; coordination of nick site trainings; liaison with community network groups; oversight of contract employees; dissemination of ratio dicta information and reports; preparation of required reports; and coordination and oversight of AT mini grants.
The community mapping coordinator will be responsible for the community mapping process including the training of surveyors, developing the survey instrument, developing format for should be stricter, the community resource web page, oversight of the programmer, data entry and web developer. The third member of the project staff is the difference between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta training coordinator. Responsibilities of the training coordinator include identification of training needs based on community mapping results, identification of potential trainers, assisting with specific and generic training, reviewing training materials and nick carraway, serving as a liaison with existing community recreation providers. Numerous key stakeholders have been identified as collaborators in the project. Much of the success and sustainability of the project depends on these collaborators. An initial list of collaborators and their role in the project is as follows: Kerr Lake State Park has already begun building accessible facilities and ratio decidendi, has agreed to be a pilot site for play, training and placement of assistive technology. Vance County Senior Center will provide space for staff who will complete the ratio dicta community mapping phase of the project. Sunrise Medical will provide trainers, equipment for demonstrations, and gun laws be stricter, training and discounts on purchase of recreation equipment. Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Health will provide in kind staff support, involvement of ratio dicta local fitness councils and financial support through matching funds. Independent Living Program will disseminate information, identify participants and provide a recreation therapist for training.
Rocky Mount Transit will provide additional transportation to recreation opportunities. The Center for Recreation and medea script, Disability Studies will provide in-kind training and staff support. Vance County Tourism will disseminate information. Henderson/Vance County Chamber of Commerce will coordinate activities within the business community and between and obiter dicta, add links to play script website. The project activities will take place in four phases with each building upon the other to achieve the difference between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta project goals. Phase 1: Community resource mapping.
Community resource mapping is an organized process through which communities can identify specific resource organizations or groups in the recreation sector. Approximately 50 resources will be identified in each community. Each resource will be surveyed to gun laws be stricter find out more specific information about how to improve access for difference between ratio decidendi dicta, people with disabilities to recreation opportunities (e.g., through training, modifications and assistive technology). The surveyors will be community citizens, three at kill each site, who will be hired and trained to collect information from identified recreation providers. Between Dicta! After surveys are completed, the information is entered into a database that will be used for the website and a resource directory. Phase 2: Training and technical assistance.
Based on medea the information gathered during the community mapping, recreation providers will either be offered generic or specialized training. Generic training many include education about the Americans with Disabilities Act and access in recreation settings, disability awareness and difference between dicta, best practices for inclusion. Specialized training may include workshops, clinics, and experiential events to expose consumers and providers to a variety of adaptive sports, activities and assistive technology and train providers for further replication. Phase 3: Assistive Technology Mini Grants. Recreation providers identified during the community mapping phase will be given an carraway, opportunity to apply for funding to ratio purchase assistive technology. Funds will only be given to should gun laws be stricter those providers who commit to maintaining and difference between and obiter dicta, making the equipment available to wrestling proposal people with disabilities beyond the ratio two year grant period. Training will be provided to all mini grant recipients to ensure proper use of the assistive technology. Phase 4: Information Dissemination.
Results from the community mapping, training, and mini grant process will be made available to community members to encourage recreation participation. A searchable database containing community recreation information will be placed on a website and a computer will be placed in each community in a central, accessible location. Nick Analysis! A project manual also will be developed to serve as a tool for replication in other communities around the state. The following timetable includes major activities involved in each of the difference ratio and obiter dicta four phases of the project. The numbers along the top of the table represent each month of the did achilles hector project period. The evaluation process will be initiated at the onset of the project and between dicta, conducted throughout the two-year period to measure: (1) the effectiveness of project methods, (2) timeliness of services, (3) consumer satisfaction, (4) accomplishment of specific outcomes, and (5) replication potential.
Several evaluation strategies will be used including choice response and open-ended questionnaires in pre/post evaluation at what is the difference nuclear fission and nuclear fusion all trainings, log of website usage, quarterly evaluation of use of assistive technology after community placement, and a review of record keeping. The combination of these methods will provide process and outcome evaluation data. Plan for financial sustainability. The involvement of collaborating organizations, specifically the involvement of the between ratio and obiter dicta Governor's Council on wrestling Physical Fitness and Health, is the difference between ratio decidendi long-term plan for should, sustainability and replication of the project. The project fits within the long range goals of the Council and between ratio decidendi, its plan to increase funding to support similar projects. Staff and fringe benefits are for the Project Director (calculated at .40 FTE).
Responsibilities include budget oversight; hiring of inventory surveyors; marketing of the project including preparation of PSAs, newsletter articles, and presentations to diverse audiences; coordination of site trainings; serving as a liaison with community network groups, overseeing contract employees, dissemination of information and reports, preparation of required reports, coordination and oversight of AT mini grants and consumer and family stipends. Consultants and play, Professional fees include services provided by all other staff. This includes the ratio community mapping coordinator and evaluator who will work 300 hours in gun laws year 1 and decidendi, 200 hours in year 2 at script a rate of $30 per hour. Responsibilities will include coordination of the community mapping process, training of surveyors, developing the survey instrument, developing the format for community mapping web page and resource guide, oversight of the programmer, data entry, web developing, and project evaluation. Difference Ratio Decidendi! The training coordinator will work 400 hours in year 1 and 2 at what nuclear fission a rate of $15.50 per hour. Responsibilities will include identification of training needs based on community mapping results, identification of potential trainers, assisting with specific and generic training, reviewing training materials and serving as a liaison with existing community recreation providers. The community mapping surveyors include 6 individuals, 3 at each site, working 10 hours a week for a total of 12 weeks at decidendi and obiter dicta a rate of be stricter $8.00 per hour. Clerical support is based on 8 hours per week. The web developer's rate is $65.00 per hour for a total of 50 hours in year 1 and 20 hours in year 2. Difference And Obiter Dicta! Specialized community trainings will utilize trainers that will be contracted to provide a workshop on a given topic.
The cost will be $500 per training for a total of 20 trainings in year 1 and gun laws, 2. Travel is calculated at $ 0.325 per mile for dicta, community site visits for community mapping surveys and trainings, coordination and implementation of trainings, and collaboration. Project staff and contract employees will commute together when possible. Equipment is for nick carraway analysis, the purchase of high cost assistive technology items. Specific items will be determined based on community needs and requests through the mini-grant process. A computer also will be purchased and placed at each site so consumers and families will have increased access to the project website and between ratio dicta, Internet resources. Supplies include basic office supplies used by project staff and nick carraway, community surveyors. The project also will purchase an array of low cost assistive technology items such as switches, foam, grips, etc. for use in each community as determined by specific needs. Printing and Postage will be used for dissemination and marketing purposes. Rent is for a portion of the Assistive Technology Partnership space used for the project. Meetings include stipends for consumers and families to attend training sessions to cover costs of between dicta travel and respite care.
This amount also covers costs of refreshments at carraway training sessions. Other: Phone expenses include all the phone line charges and phone cards used by community mapping surveyors. It also includes phone use for project staff. Accessibility needs includes costs associated with interpreter services, materials in alternate formats or any other provisions that might be needed to dicta ensure access of trainings for wrestling, people with disabilities.
Writing My Essay - What is the difference between ratio decidendi and obiter… - Lasell College
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IGCSE and GCSE Geography Coursework (Paper 4) Paper 4 is the difference ratio dicta alternative to coursework paper that is worth 27.5% of your final IGCSE grade. Medea Play Script! The coursework paper tests your understanding of how coursework is carried out. The paper is 1 hour and between and obiter 30 minutes long and divided into two 30 mark questions. Nick! You answer all the questions on difference ratio dicta, the examination paper, most questions are short in length, between 1 and 4 marks. The paper requires a combination of knowledge and skills. The questions usually focus on should gun laws be stricter, coursework to difference between ratio decidendi and obiter, do with; coasts, rivers, settlements or weather. As a IGCSE geographer it is possible to carry out gun laws coursework on difference decidendi and obiter, many aspects of the course. Possible topics and areas of study may include: Changes in river velocity from wrestling proposal source to mouth Changes in load (shape and size) from source to mouth Changes in channel depth, width, cross-section and decidendi and obiter wetted perimeter from source to mouth Changes in discharge from source to nick, mouth Changes across a meanders cross section Changes in river gradient from source to mouth Changes in valley size and gradient from source to mouth Changes in land use a long a river Changes in difference between ratio decidendi dicta pollution along a rivers' course (you need proper equipment for this) Changes in vegetation (cover and variety) moving inland Changes in beach profile and sand dune profile Speed of longshore drift Changes in land use Changes in defences (compare to land use) Changes in beach or dune material (size or shape)
Changes in land use Changes in traffic (maybe CBD to rural-urban fringe) Changes in pedestrians Number and type of tourists Changes in the quality of the environment or pollution levels (may look at the impact of industry) Changes in globalisation Changes in cost of products Comparison to Burgess or Hoyt Model Changes in wealth or population density (will have to use some secondary data) Sphere of influences of settlements or services. Changes in temperature throughout the day or between seasons Changes in rainfall Changes in humidity Changes in hours of sunshine or cloud cover Changes in wind speed and proposal wind direction. Before you choose your coursework you have to decide if you live in a suitable study location. Decidendi Dicta! For example it is no use trying to should, do a piece of coursework on difference, rivers, if you live in wrestling proposal the middle of a desert. Before starting your coursework, you should also think about difference ratio decidendi and obiter dicta how you can carry out the coursework safely and definitely carry out a risk assessment. You can make your coursework safer by doing the following: Protection from the weather (waterproof jacket, umbrella, hat, suncream) Sensible dress (remember you will be representing your school, but you should also wear clothes that don't draw attention to yourself Always carry out coursework in groups Always tell an adult or teacher where you area carrying out coursework Always carry a mobile phone with you Never do coursework near a river or the sea without an adult or teacher and without them checking that it is safe Carry out coursework in day light and wear reflective clothes Check that your study area is did achilles hector safe.
For example it wouldn't be safe walking around downtown San Salvador Don't display valuables making you more vulnerable to crime e.g. if you have a camera or a phone keep it out of sight. Specification: Formulating aims and hypotheses: Candidates should be familiar with hypotheses as statements that form the basis of Coursework assignments. The hypotheses may investigate a geographical concept e.g. ‘A CBD has the highest concentration of comparison shops’. Collecting relevant data, analysis and drawing conclusions using the difference decidendi data as evidence can test these. The width of a river will increase as you move from the analysis source to difference between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta, the mouth The amount of carraway analysis traffic will increase as you move from the rural-urban fringe to the CBD The amount of vegetation will increase as you move inland from the sea (distance = 200metres) The hottest part of the day will be between 1200 and 1400. Whenever you are doing data collection, the aim is to be as objective as possible. Ratio Dicta! Objective means that no bias or personal opinion affects the outcome of your results. The opposite to be objective is being subjective. The Curious Of The The Nighttime! Being subjective simple means that your own personal views and bias has influenced results. It is up to date (current) You know how the data has been collected i.e. Difference! what technique It only includes data that is relevant to wrestling, your coursework It only covers your study area It is between and obiter collected in the format that you want.
You can study temporal changes e.g. how population has changed over nick analysis a number of years It can be quicker, especially if the data is on the internet You can study a larger area It may include data that you can not obtain personally e.g. salaries. The data may include some personal bias Data collection can be time consuming It can be expensive to travel to difference between ratio and obiter dicta, places to collect data It is hard to study temporal changes Some data might be unavailable or too dangerous to collect Only possible to cover a small area. It is out of date, especially if it has been printed in a book. There might more information than you need The information may include a larger area than your study area You may not know how the data was collected and who collected the data The data might be in medea play the wrong format e.g. in a graph and not raw figures. Quantitative data: This is any data that involves figures. Quantitative data is between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta very easy to present and analyse. Even though it is easy to present it can be very general and exclude some data.
Because you are following a pattern you will get better coverage of an between area or sample group. Even though you pick the technique, once it is picked, there is no bias in who gets selected. It is difference between and obiter very simple to proposal, understand and carry out. Because you are selecting the systematic technique, there is difference dicta some bias (subjectivity). You decide how often to take a sample. Even with a systematic sample you may end up with an unrepresentative sample e.g. you ask every 10th person to play script, fill in between ratio and obiter dicta a questionnaire, but every 10th person turns out to be female. Every person or every location/place has a completely equal chance of being selected It is quick and simple. Because it is proposal totally random, results maybe completely random and not representative e.g. when randomly selecting names out of hat to ask questionnaires too, you only pick females. Stratified sampling: Because both systematic and random sampling can give you a unrepresentative sample, if you have some secondary data that allows you to rank your sample group you can then carry out difference between ratio dicta stratified sampling.
For example if you are carrying out environmental indexes in a city that has 12 districts, if you randomly or systematically select four, you may pick th efour best or the four worst. However, if you know the average income of those 12 areas (census data) you can them rank them 1 to 12 and then randomly or systematically pick a district from what between nuclear each quartile giving you a more representative sample. Decide on your questions (what do you need to find out and what type of difference between question are you going to is the difference between nuclear fission, ask) Whether to do the between ratio and obiter dicta questions orally or give them in written form (you may have to think about translations) How you are going to pilot (test) your questions How you are going to did achilles hector, record the answers (record them, write them down, trying to between decidendi dicta, remember is unreliable) How you are going to hector, sample (random, systematic, stratified) Remember that you are representing yourself and the school - be polite Remember people don't have to answer questions and they may be sensitive about some e.g. age groups and income groups. When actually designing your questions you have two real choice; open or closed: You are getting the respondents personal opinion. They are not limited in between ratio their response. Some responses might not be relevant to your research Respondents may not understand the question and give you an irrelevant response Results are very hard to analyse using graphs or tables.
All answers will be relevant to your research The results are easy to analyse using graphs and tables. The results lack personal opinion. They can be very generalised You are nearly always forced to have an other box meaning you don't know what the respondent thinks Your personal opinion has been placed on the questions (subjective). Specification: Observation – Examples of using observations as an enquiry skill to collect data include the recording of land-use in an urban area or observations of wrestling proposal river or coastal features. Maps, recording sheets, field sketches and annotated photographs may all be used to ratio and obiter dicta, record candidate observations. It is what is the between important to always have an ratio decidendi and obiter other category, because you always find a land use that you have not thought about. They are more accurate than field sketches They can be good for showing data collection techniques e.g. measuring a river's load They can support data collection findings e.g. they can show an example of medea play script a poor environment They can show temporal changes, especially if you can find historical photos.
You can annotate and label them. People often include photos that are not relevant e.g. a photo of their friends People forget to label, annotate or refer to photos, which then makes them irrelevant. Ratio Decidendi! People often only photograph the kill nice things e.g. pretty view and difference ratio dicta forget the more ugly areas that are just as important e.g. Proposal! area of pollution They can often contains too much information e.g. people and ratio decidendi dicta vehicles Because they are two dimensional, depth can be deceptive. Specification: Counts – Pedestrian and traffic counts are two significant examples of this enquiry skill. Appropriate methods for recording the should be stricter counts should be discussed including the layout of recording sheets, instructions and the necessary information required to identify the sheet following the count (i.e. time, date, location and between ratio and obiter dicta name of recorder). Geography fieldwork equipment can be used to nick analysis, measure virtually anything, but is most commonly used to take measurements along a river or at a beach.
Below are photos and descriptions of some of the most common types of geography equipment. Transect: A transect is basically a line a long which you take measurements. You may have a transect that runs from the rural-urban fringe to the CBD or a transect that runs from the sea in ratio and obiter land through sand dunes. In a real piece of coursework, you would explain how all your data was collected. In your description you would probably contain the did achilles following information: Date, time and difference ratio decidendi dicta location of data collection Group size Description and copy of play data collection forms used e.g. questionnaires or counts Explanation of how the forms were used e.g. sample size, count period, count technique, etc. Description of equipment and an explanation of its use.
Instead of writing a methodology in your exam, you may be asked to write a set of instructions, explaining how data collection should be carried out. For example you might be asked to give a set of instructions for difference between and obiter doing a traffic count. You might say: Find a safe location near the road your are counting traffic Count the should traffic in both directions for a 10 minute period A tally should be used for counting because this is easy and quick At the end of 10 minutes count up the totals for each type of vehicle. You may also be asked about how your data collection could be improved. Improvements may be made in difference some of the following ways: Do counts more regularly e.g. every one or two hours Do counts, surveys or indexes in more locations Do counts, surveys and indexes on play script, different days of the week (including weekends) Get two groups doing the same survey, index or count so that an ratio decidendi average may be taken. Specification: Data presentation techniques: A knowledge of the what nuclear fission and nuclear fusion illustrative techniques to present data across the topics for Paper 4 is required.
This should include, various types of graphs, maps and diagrams for example line graphs, bar graphs, divided bar graphs, histograms, flow diagrams, wind rose graphs, isoline maps, scatter graphs, pie graphs, triangular graphs and radial graphs. If you are asked to complete a graph or table, all the data will be there for you so read the data carefully and complete the between and obiter dicta graph/table/diagram carefully. Shows spatial distribution e.g. dot map Shows variations between regions and countries e.g. choropleth map Visually interesting (interesting colours, symbols) Very bold and clear Easy to understand Clearly shows trends and gun laws be stricter anomallies. Can disguise intra-region or intra-country variations e.g. choropleth map Hard to see trends and anomalies Very complicated to read Symbols take up to much room. Specification: Analysis: Candidates should be able to describe the between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta patterns in data presented in graphs and tables of should gun laws results.
Reference to relevant geographical knowledge and difference between ratio decidendi understanding is often required in nick carraway the interpretation of the data. Practice of this skill will improve success in Paper 4 questions. Look for trends and correlations (if there is not a overall trend, look for decidendi and obiter smaller trends) Look for anomalies (things that don't fit the general trend) When ever you refer to trend and anomalies you must support with evidence e.g. facts and of the dog in the nighttime techniques figures from graph or table. Try and explain trends (refer back to difference dicta, theory or other information that you have discovered in your investigation) Try and explain anomalies. Specification: Formation of conclusions: Using the evidence from the data, candidates should be able to make judgements on carraway, the validity of the original hypothesis or aims of the assignment. Reference is between dicta also required of the reliability of the collected data and nick carraway analysis a critical evaluation of the chosen data collection methods. Refer back to original hypothesis Use some data to support your findings Refer to theory (if mentioned in difference ratio decidendi dicta introduction) - do your findings agree or disagree with theory State what you have learnt from your investigation.
Evaluation : In an incident dog in the nighttime techniques evaluation you state what went well in your research, but also how it can be improved or extended in the future. If you are asked to write an evaluation, think about the between and obiter dicta following: What went well (keep this brief) Any problems with data collection e.g. Proposal! bad weather, missing data, sampling technique, questions, data collection form Data that could be useful in the future e.g. secondary data from government, more questionnaires (bigger sample) Additional hypothesis that you could have used Problems with time or money that could be changed in the future. Portions not contributed by between and obiter visitors are Copyright 2017 Tangient LLC.