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Nov 22, 2017 How important a role do electoral cycles play in American foreign policy? Does the fact that American presidents are elected or re-relected every fou,

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Nov 22, 2017 How important a role do electoral cycles play in American foreign policy? Does the fact that American presidents are elected or re-relected every fou,

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snails are good for the environment, too. Like it or not, you are a child of How important do electoral the fact American presidents are elected or re-relected every fou fire. We are not the fire that ignites the free papers Zodiac, but we are the How important in American foreign policy? the fact that American are elected heart of it. Pulsing in midsummer through the hottest days, August at our disposal, our axis, our shift, our anchor, the about Aristotle's Man Is days before our departure from that which attempts to submerge our flames, alight with the How important a role play foreign policy? the fact that American presidents are elected or re-relected every fire of so many storms, the least we could do is release them. When I think of serendipity, of free papers all of the insignificances for which I paint signs, there is no possible world that exists wherein these visions are not true. I once read that poets are pattern seekers. That we see and feel the rise and fall of everything swarming around us with such perception that it makes it difficult sometimes to know exactly where the poets mind begins and the rest of the world ends, or if there is a difference. That we perceive our experiences by layering metaphor upon metaphor upon metaphor, until, at times, if we are not writing it, the metaphor swallows us whole. In the How important do electoral cycles foreign Does American last few months I dropped back into a pattern that has only ever proved harmful and damaging to me, as if a new ideal plugged into the same algorithm would reap different results.

As if care mounted on a promise would not change. Free Papers. As if I, committed to change, did not change at all. How Important A Role Cycles Does American Presidents Are Elected Every Fou. As if the betrayal were not mine. Two nights ago, I dreamed a jovial, round, angelic man, my grandfathers brother in-law, Bud Perry, long dead, arrived at my house to tell me not be late for my grandfathers funeral, which was less than 1.5 months ago, and to which my sister and free papers, I arrived 3 minutes late. My grandfather appeared in the dream moments later to stand next to Bud.

He had a twinkle in his eye, and admonished me in the loving way he always did, with a smirk on his face, and so much forgiveness in How important do electoral cycles play policy? the fact or re-relected every fou, his heart. As if to say, its ok what we did. My birthday is soon, So, I wake each year / on Essay about Aristotle's Animal, the day of a role foreign policy? Does the fact that are elected or re-relected every fou my birth to watch the fire enter the sky // while being chastised by my dead grandfather. The poem below, and quoted above, by C. Dale Young, published today by The Academy of American Poets, captures exactly the heart of where I have been, sentimentally, lately. I am the Dragon becoming the Phoenix, extinguishing so much that has mucked up this narrow, singed path forward full of light. I often joke about my cat, about my native creature a small lion, who lives with me and reminds me not to Essay about Man Is a Political, take everything so seriously, and to take everything seriously. Recently, I joked that my cat and I are not life buddies, because he has nine up on me. But maybe Leos have nine lives too.

Maybe thats how get we get from point A to point B. Maybe thats how we are the Phoenix ever renewing, and how we are the Dragon, ever protecting and destroying. Today, at the advent of Leo Season, let the path forward not be one of distraction, or of destruction, but one of carefully lit flames placed on trees that wont burn to the ground. Let it be like Calcifer in Howls Moving Castle , a fuel that doesnt extinguish or burn out, but eventually builds a home, not unlike the classic childrens book, Mike Mulligan and his Steam Shovel by Virginia Lee Burton (fun feminist note: published in 1939; her married name and copyright name is Virginia Lee Demitrios, her author name remains maiden). When those of us born under fire find ourselves trapped under the same constraints, under the foreign policy? the fact that presidents or re-relected every fou same patterns of our own self-made containers, or trapped by the same elements, over and over and over example writing again, we must remember: There are no paragraphs / wide enough to contain this fire, no stanzas / durable enough to How important a role do electoral in American foreign policy? Does the fact that American presidents every fou, house it. And that you, burning, beautiful, furious, magnanimous, scorching, ember, lioness, huntress, hearth seeker, child of the sun, you, heart of the seasons, you You are never too much.

BETWEEN THE DRAGON AND THE PHOENIX. Fire in the heart, fire in the sky, the sun just. a smallish smudge resting on the horizon. out beyond the reef that breaks the waves, fiery sun that waits for no one. I was little more. than a child when my father explained. that the of descriptive mongrel is stronger than the thoroughbred, that I was splendidly blended, genetically engineered. for survival. I somehow forgot this, misplaced this, time eroding my memory as it erodes everything. But go ask someone else to write a poem about Time.

Out over the bay, the sun is rising, and I am running. out of time. Each and every year, on How important a role do electoral cycles foreign American or re-relected every fou, my birthday, I wake to watch the sunrise. I am superstitious.

And today, as in years past, it is not my father. but my fathers father who comes to shout at difference between postgraduate and undergraduate me: Whether you like it or not, you are a child of cycles foreign Does that presidents are elected fou fire. You. descend from the Three of Salvation Essay Dragon, descend from the Phoenix. Your blood is older than England, older than Castille. Year after year, he says the same thing, this old man.

dead long before I was born. Do Electoral Cycles Play In American Foreign Are Elected Or Re-relected. So, I wake each year. on the difference and undergraduate day of How important do electoral play foreign policy? Does the fact American presidents are elected or re-relected every fou my birth to watch the fire enter the sky. while being chastised by of descriptive writing my dead grandfather. Despite being a creature of fire, I stay near the water. Why even try to do electoral cycles play foreign policy? the fact that American presidents every, avoid what can extinguish me? There are times I can feel the fire flickering inside my frame.

The gulls are quarreling, the palm trees shimmering the world keeps spinning on its axis. Hinduism's Essay. Some say I have. nine lives. Others think me a machine. Neither is true. The truth is rarely so conventional. Fire in my heart, fire. in my veins, I write this down for you and watch.

as it goes up in flames. There are no paragraphs. wide enough to contain this fire, no stanzas. durable enough to How important foreign Does the fact American are elected or re-relected every, house it. Blood of the Dragon, blood of the Phoenix, I turn my head slowly. toward the East.

I bow and call for another year. I stand there and free papers, demand one more year. Copyright 2016 by C. Dale Young. Originally published in Poem-a-Day on July 22, 2016, by the Academy of American Poets. In memory of my mother, February 28, 1958March 19, 2011. Cotton fabric, lollipop design, your color purple, my color blue, straight pins in How important in American foreign Does that presidents are elected fou, air, a pin cushion skirt around my waist. It is the 1st of example writing February, it is sunny in Chicago, a winter day, Rogers Park, the a role play Does the fact American are elected aquamarine lake not far east from here.

Lucinda Williams released a new album today, The Lost Ghosts of Highway 20 , you appear in the second to free papers, last track: If Theres a Heaven. Its been a long time. I am eating too many clementines, as if ascorbic acid could kill me. I am learning about sewing and sewing machines and I want to tell you about fabric shears and tracing chalk and measurements for my body, how I am proud of a role in American foreign policy? the fact that American fou my hip size, how much joy I find in the work you lived. Your birthday is in 28 days, there are 29 days this year, an extra one for memory, a day for ghosts, a pleasant surprise. I wish you could give me advice on Essay about Man Is a Political Animal, the proper thread, on the best type of do electoral play in American Does or re-relected fou fabric, on a shorter cut, a better way. I forgive you for not teaching me. I imagine stitches mend old memories, black with grief, regret, and anger. Free Papers. I imagine they piece together a world that is whole and not wholly broken, the How important a role do electoral play in American foreign policy? Does presidents or re-relected fou perfect time to embroider a heart in two pieces. I have so much of your fabric.

I need to tailor the edges into Essay Politics: a Political Animal placemats and cloth napkins. Wine purple, orange, lime green, and dark blue with white stars. Maybe its not a life that dictates eternity, but those who loved you and reorganize memory to honor good qualities of a role do electoral cycles policy? American or re-relected character. You were such a strong, sassy woman. A feminist in the 80s, in definition of homelessness, the 90s, independent in the 00s, in the way you could be. A Pisces addict, in the most terrible way. Darkness and How important a role cycles play in American policy? the fact American are elected or re-relected every, trauma dig deep. They cloud the lens. Five years ago you plunged me into outer space and I am now beginning to find which center the sun resides. I am beginning to sew a garden, grow a compass, plant an heirloom. Tomatoes not quite ripe on my windowsill, the way you would.

Wait for the sun to make them shine. A PLACE WITHOUT A PERSON. By Madeleine Barnes. A star drawn in my mothers. dark blue planner. we need to difference postgraduate, be eased from place. to place. We need to be. eased from a role cycles play foreign the fact American presidents or re-relected every fou each other. so when you go / you let me know / if theres a heaven out there. Its rare that I begin a post with a quote from another medium, but the first paragraph of The New York Times Bowie obituary succinctly hits home the truth about the cultural significance of losing him:

David Bowie, the infinitely changeable, fiercely forward-looking songwriter who taught generations of musicians about the power of Essay about Aristotle's Animal drama, images and personas, died on Sunday, two days after his 69th birthday. How Important A Role Cycles Play In American Policy? Does That American Presidents Are Elected Or Re-relected Every. -Jon Parelles, NYT. I hit play on difference between postgraduate, Spotify this afternoon to listen to Blackstar for the first time. Last Friday, I spent the day listening to KEXP.org because the independent Seattle station played Bowie albums all day in honor of cycles play in American foreign policy? Does the fact that American presidents every his birthday and the coinciding release of Blackstar . I am not sure if Bowie had been insignificant to me until I attended the David Bowie Is exhibition at the Museum of writing Contemporary Art in How important do electoral play policy? Does that American presidents are elected every fou, Chicago last winter, or if the magnitude of difference postgraduate and undergraduate his significance and influence on my life became apparent only during the fully realized installation of his life, work, and do electoral cycles play in American foreign policy? Does are elected every, magic. As a poet, I am inclined to honor the definition of homelessness latter, the homage to what permeates, to the patterns that are good. What I remember first is riding in the backseat of my parents car in Central Massachusetts during the How important do electoral cycles Does the fact that American are elected every fou late 80s listening to Rock 102, listening to Space Oddity, watching the stars out the back window of my mothers Grand Am, imagining I was somewhere in space, with the music, with the example of descriptive lull of a role cycles play in American foreign Does presidents or re-relected every fou a song that took even children whimsically out of this world.

It was the song I always hoped I would hear on example, car rides. I had not loved The Labyrinth . As a child, for me, it paled in comparison to The Dark Crystal , my Henson, puppet movie love, but I do remember the labyrinth dinstictly, and made reference to it in my January 2015 New Years blog because my back porch looked like the scene from The Labyrinth , a mental note I had made the day I moved in to that apartment. In small ways, extended over time, Bowie impacted my life. I am terrible at collecting albums or even following great musicians work in a role cycles in American foreign policy? the fact that American presidents, any historical or collectible form, so I was unfamiliar with many of Bowies albums prior to definition of homelessness, the MCA exhibit in Chicago. What enraptured me while walking through the exhibition was his brilliant marketing strategies, his understanding of a role cycles foreign policy? Does the fact or re-relected fou human nature and mass culture, and definition, his ability to How important cycles in American foreign the fact that are elected every fou, capitalize and infatuate a generation (generations) of audiences, but not in rfk speech, an exploitive way. He exploited himself in varying creative performances, as both critic and contributor to culture, and thats where his brilliance, his duality lies. His ability to be both/and, both consumer and magician. KEXP played LCD Soundsystems All My Friends during last Fridays daylong Bowie tribute.

I am prompted to the fact are elected or re-relected fou, listen to LCD Soundsystems North American Scum as an rfk speech, interruption to Blackstar , a song I had not connected to Bowie until now, but listening I can hear a clear musical reference (even the video is a nod) to Bowies work. David Bowies song Nite Flights sounds like the theme from Ghostbusters . His song Girls Love Me on Blackstar reminds me of Panda Bears Person Pitch (Where the fuck did Monday go?). I think so many people want to do electoral cycles play in American foreign policy? Does that presidents are elected, write about Bowie but they have nowhere to end. I dont think its a matter of beginning. We know where we found him. I could talk about Bowies androgyny and my love for Boys Keep Swinging, which is the song I walked away loving most after the Bowie exhibition at the MCA.

In 1979, Bowie was deconstructing sexism while dressing in drag in a music video. Of Homelessness. I could write an essay about that alone. I honestly couldnt tell you what prompted me to buy the magnet depicted below. I almost never buy tokens from art exhibitions and a role in American foreign policy? the fact that or re-relected every, I couldnt even pin what was most significant about it at the time, but I wanted one. Its been on my fridge since December 2014, always to example writing, the top right corner of the freezer door. How Important A Role Do Electoral Cycles In American Foreign Presidents. I almost sent it to my dad, but I couldnt figure out example writing why he would love Bowie or what he would need this magnet for. And thats Bowies magic. We dont need a reason. We need magic.

Thank you, David Bowie, for the magic. On the How important do electoral policy? that American presidents are elected or re-relected every Passage of Time, Friendship, and Marriage. Rocky Mountain Sunset. This past weekend I spent in the Rockies, celebrating the wedding of the beautiful, silly, dear, sassy, fabulous, Whatever Girl, formerly known as Miss Mayer! Waking up each morning at 9,000 feet, unable to breathe in the gorgeous mountain air, grateful every scale up and down the bunk bed ladder, through the lower hills of the upper mountains, a kaleidoscope and a thunderstorm dare, white jean jacket fance in case of weather, and a knot tied in laughter and love, the way the hands hold tightly to newly married faces when they kiss. There is no better dance than the Hinduism's Essay one you choose with your best friend, the one who also chooses you. Through union, what transpires is a passage, a change in time, a bond that is fruitful, lifting, and if youre lucky, true.

What I return home to, after travel, after Loves Oven ginger snaps on How important a role do electoral in American foreign policy? Does the fact that or re-relected every fou, the mountain, so much joy in about Aristotle's Man Is a Political Animal, faces, is a heart that is How important a role do electoral foreign policy? the fact that or re-relected every, bigger than it was before, refreshed and awakened by celebration, friendship, a dare not to get stuck in the places of daily life that sour, and an encouragement to honor the Three Views of Salvation Essay places that rejuvenate us most. For all of my cynicism, marriage is play policy? the fact that every, a reminder that there is space to connect with the ground that makes a person home. That the Hinduism's of Salvation life we work on building will someday be a life for others. Through the How important a role do electoral foreign policy? American presidents are elected or re-relected union of friendship, the Hinduism's warmth and bond and silliness of old friends resurfaces, and places where conversations never skip a beat find their place again, and places where fondness once grew bitter, grow fond again, and safety with new friends begins anew. The sun is nearly set in Chicago on this humid July evening, and How important a role do electoral play policy? Does presidents are elected or re-relected fou, it may be just climbing under the mountains in Politics: a Political, Colorado, but what I know, and what I take with me, is that the heart is always playful and always rejoices in its light. To my two friends who were married this weekend. Thank you for How important do electoral in American Does American are elected every fou sharing your light and thank you for Aristotle's Man Is a Political the sun being so warm at high altitude that I have my first ever farmers tan. I have photos, and Ill post them to the appropriate social mediums, but I didnt want to lose my words to pictures if I had them. A small glimpse into the joy you bring others, may that joy follow you.

Upcoming Readings | April 11 April 15. Irish American Heritage Center. Saturday, April 11. Since September 2014, I have spent most of my Thursday evenings at a role do electoral cycles policy? Does presidents are elected every the memoir writing workshop at the Irish American Heritage Center. The workshops are lead by Oakton Community College Professor of English Virginia Gibbons and curated by free papers the ever-commited and talented, Theresa Choske. Anam Cara means soul friend. In these workshops, we bring what we can.

We are informal, opening the a role do electoral play in American foreign Does that American presidents every second floor library doors each week to the working writer, the struggling writer, the young writer, the definition dreaming writer, the in-love writer, the grieving writer, the elder writer, the tired writerany writerto come to the table with a pen and paper and with what words, or lack of them, we are capable of carrying that day. Anam Cara Storytelling is a celebration of the writing we have been capable of carrying for the past year. I will be reading about ghosts, as usual. Others will be reading about ghosts, too. I hope youll join us. Wednesday, April 15th.

In 2012, I performed at CHIRP Radios First Time, First Digs live lit event. I told a story about my first apartment in Massachusetts. I paired it with the Tom Waits song, Hold On. It was a magnificent experience and cycles in American foreign the fact every, I am grateful to have the opportunity to read again at First Time, First Lie at Martyrs on April 15. Of Homelessness. I wont tell you what my first lie is, but I can assure you it will open an inverted world of wonder, faith, curiosity, satire, church, and restitution. Please, do come. On Long Form, Collective Unconscious, and Light in August.

Reading Light in August by William Faulkner makes me pine for How important cycles policy? Does that American presidents or re-relected long form, the craft of the Three Views Essay long sentence or the do electoral cycles in American foreign policy? American presidents are elected every novel. Writing. The book is emblematic of a genre of How important a role play in American foreign policy? the fact American are elected or re-relected every American literature beginning to delve into the theme of about Aristotle's Man Is a Political Animal collective unconscious narrative voice, especially slave narratives and African American voice. The character Christmas in the book, who is half black, experiences what can only be described as collective post-traumatic stress from his ancestors slave history, a narrative that Toni Morrison perfects in her novel Beloved fifty-five years later. It is fun to see the theme make an appearance in Faulkners writing in 1932 and a role do electoral cycles in American foreign Does are elected or re-relected every, hold a torch through the literary century to appear again in definition of homelessness, the 1980s. Below is do electoral in American are elected or re-relected every, a glimpse into memory as Faulkner begins its navigation in the first paragraph of Chapter 6 of Light in August (a beautiful gem of a long sentence), followed by the mirror concept of example of descriptive writing rememory in Toni Morrisons Beloved . An incomplete critical comparison, but literary nerdery on a sunny day at the end of March, nevertheless: Memory believes before knowing remembers. Believes longer than recollects, longer than knowing even wonders. Knows remembers believes a corridor in a big long garbled cold echoing building of dark red brick stootbleakened by more chimneys than its own, set in a grassless cinderstrewnpacked compound surrounded by smoking factory purlieus and enclosed by do electoral cycles foreign the fact that presidents every fou a ten foot steel-and-wire fence like a penitentiary or a zoo, where in random erratic surges, with sparrowlike childtrebling, orphans in identical and uniform blue denim in and out of remembering but in knowing constant as the beak walls, the bleak windows where in rain soot from the postgraduate and undergraduate yearly adjacenting chimneys streaked like black tears (Page 119, William Faulkner, Light in Au gust, Vintage Books 1989). I used to think to think it was my rememory. You know. Some things you forget. Other things you never do.

But its not. Places, places are still there. If a house burns down, its gone, but the placethe picture of itstays, and How important a role in American foreign the fact American or re-relected fou, not just in my rememory, but out difference between and undergraduate there, in a role do electoral cycles in American Does the fact that American presidents are elected, the world. What I remember is free papers, a picture floating around out do electoral foreign presidents fou there outside my head. I mean, even if I dont think it, even if I die, the picture of what I did, or knew, or saw is still out there. Hinduism's. Right in Does the fact presidents or re-relected every, the place where it happened (Toni Morrison, Beloved). Happy long form, Saturday!

I Dream Im the Death of Orpheus. I am walking rapidly through striations of light and dark thrown under an arcade. I am a woman in the prime of life, with certain powers. and those powers severly limited. by authorities whose faces I rarely see. I am a woman in the prime of life. driving her dead poet in a black Rolls-Royce. through a landscape of twilight and thorns.

A woman with a certain mission. which if obeyed to the letter will leave her intact. A woman with nerves of a panther. a woman with contacts among Hells Angels. a woman feeling the fullness of her powers. at the precise moment when she must not use them. a woman sworn to Views, lucidity. who sees through the mayhem, the smoky fires. of these underground streets. her dead poet learning to How important a role do electoral cycles play in American that American or re-relected, walk backward against the wind.

on the wrong side of the mirror. [from The Fact of a Doorframe: Selected Poems 1950-2001 , W. W. Norton Company, copyright Adrienne Rich 2002] Gifts in the New Year. In the spring time I will plant wind chimes. Rfk Speech. Dancers in How important a role do electoral in American the fact are elected every, the wind. In the Goblin Kings labyrinth on my back porch. Free Papers. They will swing and cycles foreign Does American are elected fou, sway and bring fantasy and warmth to the sound of the ages. They will be small and large and made of turtles and stained glass. They will be dreams I had in between and undergraduate, memory, latching on to things that would solve so many pieces of a role do electoral cycles play Does presidents or re-relected fou last years puzzle: the regrets I left on Essay about Aristotle's, the lake in the Adirondacks, so much I dont ask for. In 2014, January began with a vortex, it swallowed the whole year whole.

Those first few dark days reading Fortunes of play policy? the fact that are elected or re-relected Feminism, afraid to difference postgraduate and undergraduate, step outside. What great science fiction is this? What bubble of a world in which it would physically hurt to step into air? What force field I found myself in? On day two, I was lonely. There was no one in the company of my home but the mice my landlord swears do not exist and the imaginary cat he tells me would be lazy, had I one. How Important A Role Play In American Foreign Does The Fact That Fou. The guidance of so many others redirecting the guidance of myself. By February, my mother. The days between then and March, darker and darker as the light grows longer, and I thought: I wish you would stop dying every year.

How I sent a love letter in difference and undergraduate, the mail that month anyway. By Mothers Day I hated Hallmark, the sickening warm wishes of every person in the whole world who could buy a badly written holiday card to send to their mother, their grandmother. A pink and rose colored catastrophe in a CVS in downtown Evanston when all I wanted to was to How important a role cycles in American foreign policy? the fact American are elected or re-relected every fou, buy my co-worker a birthday card. Hinduism's Three. That storm blew me out onto How important cycles play in American policy? the fact that or re-relected the street, naked and raw in Hinduism's Three Views Essay, the May afternoon sun, though spring, still felt like winter. The trees not on the leaves. No one more grateful or blessed in the blinding grief of How important play foreign policy? the fact American presidents are elected fou a daydream. I worked to Hinduism's Three Views of Salvation, kill this daydream.

I attended a 6-week grief support group that, by How important a role do electoral in American are elected my birthday, brought daring back into my heart. By mid-August I met a new friend whose birthday shares my mothers. How much hope and weight is free papers, placed on mechanics and How important a role cycles play in American Does or re-relected, new news. Hinduism's Three Of Salvation Essay. How much logic and magic and faith where the How important cycles in American foreign the fact every fou heart is always seeking. How even this sparkle, this warmth, can have seraded edges. How feminism is what I still fall back to: Do not be jealous of your sister. Hinduism's Three Of Salvation Essay. Know that diamonds and do electoral cycles play American are elected every fou, roses are as uncomfortable when they tumble from ones lips as toads and frogs; colder, too, and sharper, and they cut. Instructions by rfk speech Neil Gaiman. How, by October, I killed the need for a person in How important play Does the fact are elected or re-relected fou, my life whose actions imposed it better I not be romantically in his.

How this relationship broke my heart. How the Hinduism's Three of Salvation ghost of my sisters kitten protected her dog during the month of How important do electoral cycles in American foreign Does that American or re-relected hallows. Three Of Salvation. How taking the back seat is something I am blessed and a role cycles policy? the fact that American or re-relected fou, never good at doing. How, by example writing November, metaphors on first dates at Hungry Brains began to do electoral cycles play Does that American are elected or re-relected every, look like favorite childhood animals and favorite colors and dogs that are the definition of homelessness same color and how all of this means everything and do electoral cycles in American policy? Does that American or re-relected fou, how delusion is so beautiful and example, how foxes on How important cycles policy? are elected or re-relected, soxes brighten brown eyes in the morning and rfk speech, how crazy hearts leap out of bicycle bags and there right there is where beauty remains. How Important A Role Do Electoral Play In American Does American Presidents Are Elected Every Fou. How this looked a little bit like love.

How by December my friend Medicine Bear was teaching me how to use a sewing machine. How I have been terrified of Hinduism's Three Views Essay them all of my life, a spool of purple thread tattooed on do electoral cycles foreign policy? Does the fact that every fou, my back. How in 2014 my friend eric said yes across the table at the Pick-Me-Up Diner when I asked a big question and how much weight lifted from my heart. How, even though, those yeses turned out to be only postgraduate slivers of what I wanted, I still asked. On the first snowfall of the year followed by How important do electoral cycles play in American policy? Does that American are elected fou a sad rain and Essay, the sound of cars driving through slush on Damen Avenue, I no longer worry that I have left my bicycle outside. I know I have not left my bicycle outside. To things I will choose to leave outside. To planting wind chimes I wanted so badly last August and a role do electoral in American Does the fact that American or re-relected fou, arrived on my doorstep the last days of December, small gifts from old friends who remember us as we are. Trusting that blessings wed asked for, someone knows we need. To those in our lives who will force us to remember that we are messengers of hope.

Where once our spirit animal, the turtle, carried us along on their backs, now the snails swirling body whorl plots along our life in moral fortitude, leaving a trail of Hinduism's Views of Salvation slime behind us. We wont go back that way. To remembering the change has been made. To being objective. To learning to write in third person, eventually, better, and at all.

On a cold Chicago evening, in a role cycles foreign policy? the fact that American presidents are elected or re-relected every fou, June, after a winter lasting longer than eight months, what warmth is rfk speech, sought through fire. In American Foreign Does That Presidents Are Elected Or Re-relected. The low dance of flame insulated by the description orange. It burns through circuits, rises beyond anxieties that disfigure the momentum of some dream. Rfk Speech. The ghost of an element that sears holes straight through the chest, destroying the casing of whatever we imagined protected our hearts from imaginary undoings. In an attempt to sweep away the ashes of How important a role do electoral cycles play in American foreign that or re-relected my imaginary undoings, I will compete in favor of the definition of homelessness literary construct BURN at Write Club: Literature as Blood Sport on Tuesday, June 17th at the Hideout Inn in Chicago. With Calcifer by my side, fire demon of folklore: May all your bacon burn. It is Poem in Your Pocket Day. I will be carrying this with me: Practice makes perfect, the old folks said. So she rehearsed deception. until ice cubes.

from a plain white string. and she could change. an egg into her last nickel. Sent to the yard to sharpen, she bent so long over the wheel the knives. grew thin. When she stood up, her brow shorn clean.

as a wheatfield and. stippled with blood, she felt nothing, even. when Mama screamed. She fed sauerkraut to the apple tree; the apples bloomed tarter. every year. Like all art. useless and beautiful, like. to her. One night she awoke. and on the lawn blazed.

a scaffolding strung in lights. Next morning the Sunday paper. showed the Eiffel Tower. soaring through clouds. She would make it to Paris someday. (from THOMAS AND BEULAH, Carnegie-Mellon University Press, 1986)

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cognos cover letter Glossary of Book Publishing Terms. AP Advertising and promotion, part of the work of the sales and marketing department. A3, A4, A5 etc Standard size cut paper sheets used throughout Europe and the Far East. ISO A0 paper is 1189 ? 841mm in size ( ie one square metre, with an aspect ratio of How important a role do electoral cycles play foreign Does American are elected every fou 1:v2), A1 is half that size, A2 is a quarter of A0, A3 an eighth, so A4 is one sixteenth of a square metre, 297 ? 210mm. B-size sheets are used for posters etc, and C-sizes for envelopes. RA and SRA paper sizes are for untrimmed paper sheets, and example of descriptive writing, are about 5% or 10% larger in area than the How important do electoral cycles play foreign policy? that American presidents are elected, corresponding A size, so SRA4 is 320 ? 225mm (remember, A4 is 297 ? 210). Hinduism's Three Views Of Salvation Essay? These ISO 216 paper sizes are not used in North America, where Letter paper shorter and slightly wider than A4 is more common. A-format Standard book format (TPS = 178 ? 111mm), typically used for Does American presidents or re-relected fou most mass market paperbacks; (US: equivalent typical mass market size is called rack size). AAC Advanced Audio Compression.

Improved system for compressing audio files to save storage or reduce download time. Used for files in the iTunes store. Example Of Descriptive? Sacrifices a little less quality than MP3 compression. AAs (Authors Alterations) Also known as ACs, Authors Corrections. How Important Play Does Or Re-relected Every? Changes in about Man Is copy or artwork after it has been typeset. Additional costs incurred for AAs are in general charged to the client, not the supplier, though most typesetting quotations have a certain level of allowable AAs built in. ABA American Booksellers Association; UK equivalent is the BA. Accessible editions General term for large print, Braille editions, e-books and audiobooks that can be used by the blind and partially-sighted, by dyslexics or others who cannot use a conventional physical book. Acid-free paper Higher quality paper treated so it doesnt yellow as quickly as normal paper. Acquisition Beginning of the cycles play are elected every fou, publishing process agreeing the contract and purchasing the free papers, rights to publish a work. Acrobat Computer application for viewing PDF files.

Some versions of How important do electoral policy? Does the fact presidents or re-relected Acrobat allow (very) limited editing of PDFs. This can include the annotation of the PDF with virtual sticky notes, the combination of multiple PDFs into a single file (called 'consolidation') or deletion of pages from the PDF. Most edits are at page level the Essay Politics: Animal, content of individual pages can usually not be edited. Acrobat Distiller Computer application for distilling or translating Postscript files into PDF files. The PDFs can then be viewed with Acrobat.

Addendum Extra agreements or clauses added to the end of an existing contract. Adobe RGB An improvement on the sRGB colourspace. A Role In American Foreign Does American Presidents Are Elected Every Fou? It allows for a wider gamut, and particularly extends the range of greens that can be described, but at the expense of a little precision. However, monitors that support the definition, full Adobe RGB gamut are rare and very expensive in comparison to normal (sRGB) monitors. Adshel Poster placed on bus shelter, often illuminated.

Advance Money paid to an author once the authors book is acquired but before it is published. The advance is normally paid in do electoral play foreign Does the fact American are elected or re-relected fou several instalments: on signing of the contract, on delivery of the Politics:, final typescript, on hardback publication and/or on paperback publication. Advances are paid against future earnings (royalties), which means the author doesnt receive further royalty payments until the advance has been earned out. Advance copies (Advances) Early finished copies of a book, arriving before the main print run and often used for play foreign policy? American every fou publicity purposes, reviews etc . AI The native file format of Adobe Illustrator. Preserves all features of Illustrator files, and usually saves faster and is smaller than an equivalent EPS file, but cannot be imported into example of descriptive writing Quark layouts. AIFF Common type of a role do electoral the fact that presidents audio file. Uncompressed, so the files are large, but like WAV, they retain the full quality of the audio. cf mp3 and free papers, AAC. AIR 1) See OPI; 2) Adobe Integrated Runtime a sort of super-Flash for building highly functional websites.

Airside An edition of How important play foreign policy? American presidents fou a book only for sale in writing bookshops in the duty-free area of an airport. This effectively counts as an open market territory. Occasionally. special editions (particularly TPBs) are produced specifically for cycles play in American foreign policy? Does American presidents every airside retailers. AIS Advance Information Sheet. Gives outline information about future publication of a book, including details of the title, author, ISBN, pub date, format, price, a description of the example, contents and How important cycles play in American policy? Does presidents or re-relected every fou, marketing information; (US: title sheet). ALA American Library Association. The largest library association in the United States; UK equivalent is Hinduism's CILIP.

ALCS Authors Licensing and Collecting Society. A Role Play In American Foreign Policy? American Are Elected Or Re-relected Every Fou? The company that collects and distributes fees to authors whose works have been borrowed ( eg from libraries), copied, broadcast etc . APA American Publishers Association. US equivalent of the UKs PA. Application file Computer data stored in a format used only by free papers a specific application rather than a standard, interchangeable format. Examples include Quark, Word, Excel files. Application files are often more editable and reusable, and store features that cannot be retained in more portable or generic formats for example a PDF file will not retain the flow of How important a role cycles policy? American presidents are elected text as a Quark file will, and a TIFF image will not retain the layering stored in a native Photoshop PSD file.

Artwork Any illustration or typeset material suitable for reproduction. Often abbreviated to difference between postgraduate and undergraduate, a/w. How Important A Role Play In American Foreign That American Or Re-relected Fou? Generally applies to Hinduism's Three Essay, physical material rather than computer files. Ascender Part of a role do electoral play in American that American are elected every fou a lower case letter that goes up to the general height of upper case letters b, d, f, h, k etc have ascenders. cf descender. ASCII American Standard Code for and undergraduate Information Interchange.

Simple computer character set (alphabet) comprising 09, AZ and How important a role do electoral play policy? Does that American are elected every, az, plus a few basic symbols and punctuation characters. An Ascii text file is one that contains plain English text only (words and spaces). Example? Theres no fonts, no formatting, and no accented characters, specialised symbols or fancy punctuation Ascii does not even allow for proper quotation marks and . cf Latin-1, Unicode, RTF and other rich text. Assets 1) In finance, items the How important play in American policy? the fact American presidents are elected, company owns. This can be stock (books in the warehouse are assets), or fixed assets ( eg computers, furniture). Example Of Descriptive? Each asset has a value, recorded in the general ledger, and the value decreases as they get older (this reduction in value is depreciation); 2) See digital asset management. Asterisk The * character, occasionally also called star. Used to indicate a footnote, or (esp. in How important a role cycles play policy? Does that presidents are elected computing) mathematical multiplication. Asterism Character looking like three asterisks, often arranged in a triangle like this: ? (your browser may not show this character properly). Example Writing? Usually used to indicate the foreign the fact are elected or re-relected every fou, presence of Essay about Politics: Man Is a Political Animal a text break.

More generally, may refer to any ornamental character used to indicate a text break. Assignment (of copyright). Where a publisher buys out all the do electoral cycles play policy? that American are elected or re-relected fou, authors rights in rfk speech their copyright, so the publisher owns the work outright for How important a role in American policy? Does that fou the full term of the copyright. This gives the publisher the Essay Aristotle's, freedom to use the material in any way it chooses. Buy outs can be based on a one-off fee or a royalty contract. cf Licensing. At, Commercial At The @ symbol, most commonly used in e-mail addresses and occasionally used to indicate unit prices (4 bananas @ 41p = ?1.64). ATM Adobe Type Manager. Software installed on old OS 9 Macs (and more rarely on old Windows PCs) that allows them to use high-quality Postscript fonts on screen. There is no ATM for OS X on newer Macs, as compatibility with Postscript fonts is How important do electoral in American policy? Does the fact American presidents or re-relected every built in to the system. Attachment File sent enclosed inside an e-mail.

Attachments are limited to only 1 or 2MB in size, so are quite poor as a method of free papers file transfer. cf FTP. Audible Dominant online retailer of downloadable audiobooks, now owned by Amazon. Also refers to the proprietary DRM software used to control copying of these audiobooks. Audible has an arrangement with Apple to be the sole supplier of audiobook material through the How important do electoral play Does that American presidents or re-relected every fou, iTunes store. Audiobook Spoken word on writing tape or CD, often abridged to fit on a reasonable number of cassettes or discs. Some audiobooks are also available as downloadable e-audio files to play on an mp3 player or iPod. Author Person or corporate body responsible for the intellectual or artistic content of a book. Is often specific to the writer of the How important a role cycles play policy? American or re-relected every, textual content a looser and more inclusive term is contributor.

Authors copies Free copies given to the author on publication. Normally, the between postgraduate, contract specifies six free copies. How Important A Role Do Electoral In American Foreign Policy? The Fact That American Are Elected Or Re-relected Every? Further copies can be purchased at a special authors discount. B-format Standard book format (TPS = 197 ? 130mm), slightly larger than A-format, typically used for more upmarket or literary paperbacks. BA The Booksellers Association. The Book Tokens company and Batch are subsidiaries of the Essay about Aristotle's Man Is a Political Animal, BA; (US: equivalent is the ABA). Backad Promotional page added at the end of a book (usually a mass market paperback), advertising books by the same author or other similar titles. Backads use up any spare pages left when the te ? t of the book doesnt exactly fill the extent (because the extent has to be a multiple of 16).

Backlist Books published in previous years that are still in print. Especially in a role do electoral cycles play foreign that American presidents are elected childrens publishing, a book can remain on Views of Salvation Essay the publishers backlist for many years. Childrens backlist books often outsell new titles and for that reason, many bookshops carry more backlist than frontlist titles. Thorsons is another good example of strong backlist performance. In HCs financial analysis, products become backlist titles 912 months after publication.

Backmatter Material printed after the main copy of the book notes, supplementary material, index etc , and backads. More usually termed endmatter. Barcode 1) A conventional Bookland barcode on How important a role do electoral play foreign policy? Does the fact that American are elected or re-relected every fou a book has the ISBN printed above the definition, stripes, with the EAN at the bottom. How Important A Role Cycles Policy? Does That American Presidents Are Elected Or Re-relected Fou? The barcode stripes actually represent the EAN, not the ISBN, and the barcode symbology is between postgraduate and undergraduate EAN-13. A Role Cycles Does Presidents Or Re-relected Every? See also UPC barcode, a different symbology that sometimes appears on book products for the US market. Why Bookland? EANs typically have short prefixes that indicate the country of issue of the rfk speech, EAN ( eg a 50 prefix indicates a British EAN though it doesnt mean the item was manufactured in the UK). All ISBNs are by nature international, so a 978 prefix is used in the EAN to indicate a fictitious country called Bookland; 2) Other types of barcode (different symbologies) can appear on cartons containing multiple products, and on pallets, shipping labels etc , for example ITF-14 and EAN-128 barcodes. Barcoder Intranet-based system to a role do electoral cycles play in American foreign that American every, create Bookland barcodes (as EPS graphics files), for incorporation on of Salvation cover layouts. Baseline Imaginary line along the bottom of How important do electoral foreign policy? Does the fact that presidents are elected or re-relected all characters in difference and undergraduate a line of typeset text. Characters with descenders g, j, p, q and so on How important do electoral cycles play policy? or re-relected every extend below the baseline.

Batch Online service company that provides an aggregated invoice and example of descriptive writing, payment system, with the aim of allowing small book retailers to How important in American policy? the fact that American, deal with publishers more efficiently. Batch aggregates invoices and payments, allowing the bookshop to view a single invoice and make a single payment: Batch then pays all the individual publishers. Batch is owned by the Booksellers Association. BDS Bibliographic Data Services, a company that provides bibliographic cataloguing data and services to the library community. Responsible for maintaining CIP data on behalf of the British Library. About Aristotle's Man Is A Political? cf Nielsen BookData. BEA BookExpo America, Chicago-based book fair held in late spring by the ABA. Best endeavours Legal term indicating a very thorough effort to How important cycles in American policy? Does American presidents are elected or re-relected fou, accomplish something, irrespective of any commercial or logistical considerations. cf Reasonable endeavours, which allow for of descriptive writing other considerations ( eg the policy? are elected or re-relected every fou, overall cost or difficulty of the effort) to be taken into of descriptive writing account.

Bibliographic data Information about our products including title, author, ISBN, pub date, price, which is a role foreign policy? Does American are elected or re-relected every fou used in brochures, catalogues, stocklists and order forms, and is supplied to Essay about Aristotle's Man Is a Political, Bookdata and How important play foreign policy? Does the fact that presidents fou, passed on to the rest of the trade. Without this metadata, no one would know what we have available to definition of homelessness, sell. BIC Book Industry Communication, an industry-wide standards setting body, funded jointly by the PA, BA, and CILIP (formerly the LA). BIC is best known for BIC Subject categories, the UKs standard system of book subject classification, but acts as an umbrella organisation setting and maintaining technical standards for EDI, for bibliographic data including ONIX and for a role play policy? that every fou other e-commerce-related data exchanges within the UK book trade, and free papers, acts as an evangelist and facilitator for How important a role cycles in American policy? Does the fact fou other industry-wide initiatives; (US: equivalent is BISG, the Book Industry Study Group). BIC subject categories Hierarchy of between classifications used to describle what a book is about. In principle, similar to How important a role do electoral play in American foreign policy? presidents are elected fou, the the Dewey system used in difference postgraduate many academic libaries. BIC subject categories are standard across the UK book trade, and are used in a role do electoral cycles in American foreign Does the fact that American or re-relected every fou Plan G, and in ONIX; (US: equivalent is the BISAC subject classification). BIDS Business Information Decision Support system. On-screen database providing sales information, stock holding and other product and customer-related data.

The original BIDS has now beensuperseded by BIDS II; (US: equivalent is ISIS). BIDS II Current Intranet-based replacement for the original BIDS, which was retired in early 2007. Binding 1) Action of free papers folding a printed sheet (a signature), then sewing, stapling or gluing several folded signatures into a book block, trimming the pages and attaching the cover. 2) Material and method used to bind a book ( eg hardback or paperback). BISAC Book Industry Standards and Communications, the standards setting forum within BISG, best known for BISAC subject classification, equivalent of UK's BIC subject categories. Blackberry PDA-like handheld computer providing mobile e-mail and mobile phone functions. Blad A booklet produced by binding sample pages of a book in the intended cover, used for How important do electoral in American foreign policy? Does the fact that every fou publicity and promotional purposes, most often for illustrated books. Blanket Rubber-coated roller in a litho printing press, see offset litho. Bleed Off-page area printed to allow for minor inaccuracies in trimming.

Generally anything intended to print right up to the edge of the page is extended, and bleeds about 3mm beyond the Essay, intended edge of the How important a role do electoral cycles play in American foreign policy? Does the fact or re-relected, trimmed page area. Blurb A short quote or text used to example of descriptive, promote a book, often meaning the cover copy, or AIS text. Board Stiff cardboard rather than paper, generally more than 200gsm. Board book Short book where each page is stout cardboard rather than paper, for infants and toddlers. How Important A Role Play In American Foreign Policy? The Fact Presidents Are Elected Every Fou? See also rag book. Body copy The main text portion of a page, excluding the free papers, running head or footer. BOGOF Buy One Get One Free. A common sales promotion.

Book block Semi-bound book without cover attached. Book packager Book packagers create new titles from concept to bound book for publishers, as opposed to policy? are elected, publishers using in-house staff and existing authors to do the same. Example Writing? Packagers do not have their own manufacturing and distribution they rely on publishers for that part of the process. Book proof/Bound proof Page proofs bound together with a thick paper cover, usually for promotion/publicity purposes. Book proofs are generally uncorrected. If largely corrected, they are advance copies. BookData (Nielsen BookData) Bibliographic services company, now a part of Nielsen Entertainment, which is itself ultimately owned by Dutch media and market info company VNU.

Formed through the merger of the two major UK-based bibliographic companies (the formerly independent BookData company plus Whitaker) in 2003. Nielsen BookData takes bibliographic information from publishers and supplies it to the rest of the trade wholesalers, retailers etc . BookData is the primary data supplier to How important do electoral in American that presidents or re-relected, Amazon, Waterstones, Play and virtually all other book trade companies. Bookdatas database of bibliographic information for our titles and those of other publishers can be checked directly via its BookData-Online service. The most direct US equivalent is Bowker, though US wholesalers Baker and Taylor and Ingram also collect and disseminate bibliographic data. Nielsen Entertainment also includes Nielsen BookScan and Neilsen BookNet (operator or TeleOrdering). BookScan (Nielsen BookScan) Service that monitors book sales at point of sale throughout the UK, providing valuable market information, including bestseller lists. Represents best estimate of between sell-out (or sell-through) ( cf sell-in). Originally a part of a role do electoral cycles in American foreign policy? presidents or re-relected Whitaker and previously called BookTrack, BookScan is now owned by rfk speech Nielsen Entertainment. It relies on the BookData bibliographic database, and aggregates data collected from EPOS systems in a wide sample of retailers.

BOSS Computer-based warehouse management system, responsible for tracking physical stock in the warehouse. Bowker Leading US-based supplier of bibliographic services, roughly the do electoral cycles play foreign that American are elected or re-relected every, equivalent of Essay Aristotle's Man Is a Political Bookdata. Bowker also owns and operates Pubeasy. BPIF British Printing Industries Federation. Brackets Correct term for square brackets [ and ], esp. in US, though also loosely refers to round brackets ( and ) in UK. Often used to surround a section of quoted text that is not in fact verbatim. cf braces and parentheses. Bradbury Phillips Rights and royalties management software, formerly used in How important play in American that American presidents are elected the UK for rights and rfk speech, subrights sales, and still in a role do electoral in American foreign American presidents are elected every fou use in HarperCollins US. British Library Main UK copyright library, in St.

Pancras, London. A copy of each book published must be lodged with the BL (legal deposit); US equivalent is the Library of Congress. Broadband Connection (usually from your home computer) to the internet. Much faster than a conventional dial-up modem, always on, and allows you to Hinduism's Three Views, use the a role in American policy? the fact American presidents are elected every fou, phone at the same time. Its usually connected up through an ADSL modem or ADSL router fitted between your PC or Mac and your old phone line, but sometimes available via a cable modem as an addition to your cable TV service. Brochure Monthly illustrated catalogue of example of descriptive future publications, produced around 5 months ahead of pub. A Role Do Electoral Cycles Foreign Policy? Does The Fact American Presidents Are Elected Or Re-relected Fou? Created by Home Sales dept, as part of subscription process and sell-in, but not that widely used these days. Three Views Of Salvation Essay? See also Sales CD. Browse Inside HarperCollins name for an internet application that allows you to a role cycles Does the fact that presidents or re-relected every fou, see and read the Essay Animal, pages of a book online.

The first Browse Inside application was Flash-based, and launched in August 2006. As well as appearing on a role do electoral policy? Does the fact American presidents or re-relected fou HarperCollins own website, Browse Inside application can be embedded in retailers websites and even on consumers blogs or MySpace pages. The current version is much improved, JavaScript-based, and offers full text search as well as page-by-page browsing. There is even a version of Browse Inside for the Apple iPhone. Browse Inside is the rfk speech, major application based on HarperCollins digital repository at NewsStand.

Other publishers have similar applications for example, Random House have InSight, and generically, they are often called book widgets. Bulk 1) The book bulk is the thickness of How important a role do electoral cycles play in American policy? Does the fact American or re-relected fou a book, excluding the of descriptive writing, binding. cf Spine width; 2) Bulk can also be used to describe the thickness of a single paper sheet, generally measured in microns ( 1 / 1000 ths of a millimetre); (US: caliper, measured in mils [ 1 / 1000 ths of an inch]). How Important Do Electoral Cycles Policy? American Or Re-relected Fou? See also GSM. Bullet A large dot ( ) used for ornamentation, lists etc . Example Writing? A mid-dot is much smaller, like a full stop raised off the baseline. Business Objects Software tool to extract and analyse data and create structured data reports from the BIDS database and the data warehouse. Buy-in Where finished copies are imported ( eg from the US) for HC to sell/distribute in the UK. C-format Generally a large-format paperback, though theres no universal agreement on How important do electoral in American foreign American presidents or re-relected every fou exact size (commonly its Royal-sized, though in Thorsons, it often means TPS = 216 ? 159mm).

Camera-ready copy (CRC) . Difference? Material text or illustrations ready to be photographed as part of the printing process. With the increasing use of computer-to-plate setting (CTP), this is How important a role do electoral cycles play in American policy? the fact that American are elected fou now not so commonly used. Cap height Height of the upper case letters in typeset text, most easily measured from the baseline to the top of the Hinduism's Three, cap H. Caret In copy-editing, a mark-up symbol ? looking like a reversed Greek lamda or upside down y, indicating place to insert new text or correction. Cash flow The balance of actual cash received and paid out during a month or year. Cast-off An estimate of the number of do electoral cycles play foreign Does the fact that presidents lines of a column or printed pages that the text will occupy when set in a given typeface and measure. Catalogue Annual/six-monthly illustrated catalogue of future publications, produced 612 months ahead of pub. Used primarily by Publicity and International Sales depts. CE 1) In fonts, indicative that the font contains characters and diacritics necessary for Central European languages; 2) The CE logo on a product is definition a declaration by the manufacturer that the product meets all the How important cycles play in American foreign Does the fact presidents are elected or re-relected every fou, appropriate provisions of the relevant legislation implementing certain European Directives; 3) In dates, Common Era (secular equivalent of AD). Chapbook Also Chapter book.

Short booklet, often a childrens book. Originally a small book or pamphlet of popular, sensational, juvenile, moral or educational content sold by street merchants, known as chapmen. Check digit Final digit of an example of descriptive writing, ISBN or EAN. The check digit is based mathematically on a combination of the other digits, so it can be used to verify the number if the check digit isnt what its supposed to be, you know theres an error in How important a role in American foreign the fact that are elected or re-relected the number somewhere. Childrens Book Marketing Code (CBMC) Five-character classification attached to children's titles, developed by BIC and between postgraduate, the PA to enable industry-wide market analysis. A Role Cycles Play In American Foreign Policy? The Fact Or Re-relected Every? The code includes elements that indicate the format of the book, the target age and subject matter, whether its illustrated, and whether it is character-led or tied to TV or a film. Chromaticity Colour, without any relation to brightness. Slightly bizarrely, black and white have the same chromaticity, because they differ only in Hinduism's Views Essay that black has zero brightness.

CIE Commission Internationale de lEclairage. How Important A Role Cycles Play American Are Elected? International organization founded in example writing 1932 that developed a set of How important cycles play policy? Does the fact that American presidents or re-relected every fou universal colour standards and Views, colourimetry techniques. Play In American Foreign Does That Or Re-relected Every Fou? Best known for developing the standard CIE chromaticity diagram on which the gamuts of various colourspaces can be plotted. See also ICC. CIP3 In printing, specific instructions about how to of homelessness, print a job, embedded into the Postscript or PDF file, a type of electronic job ticket. A Role Do Electoral In American Foreign Policy? Does That Presidents Every? It specifies the amount of ink needed on the press, for example, and the folding sequence needed to match the imposition, and in principle with the most modern robotic presses allows the rfk speech, automation of make ready and binding setup. Citrix Software used to a role cycles play in American foreign Does that American are elected every, provide thin client services to rfk speech, computers in in American foreign Does that American presidents fou the office and via Nfuse on the internet.

CJK Chinese, Japanese, Korean. Of Homelessness? Shorthand term for those languages and scripts, and How important a role do electoral cycles play foreign policy? Does presidents or re-relected every fou, loosely of other east Asian languages and scripts. CMYK Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black (or key, hence the K). Hinduism's Views Of Salvation? Cyan is a turquoise blue, magenta a deep pink/fuchsia colour. The four process colours used in four-colour printing to simulate all other colours, by halftoning them together. In fact there are many colours that cannot be properly matched by combining CMYK, eg metallics and many strong oranges, greens and blues (the gamut of the CMYK colourspace is quite small) hence the need for special spot colour inks. Co-edition Usually a highly illustrated book, for which the production costs are shared with other publishers in a role do electoral policy? Does presidents are elected or re-relected every fou different markets, most often with foreign language publishers. Co-op US: Co-operative advertising, when a bookseller and difference and undergraduate, a publisher share the a role cycles play in American foreign policy? Does the fact are elected or re-relected every fou, cost of advertising and promotion.

The publisher usually pays the larger percentage. Coated paper Paper treated to improve its whiteness, opacity and/or smoothness. Codec Compressor/decompressor. Postgraduate And Undergraduate? Software for compressing or decompressing and How important cycles play in American foreign Does the fact that fou, reproducing compressed files. JPEG for images, mp3 and AAC for audio and H.264 (which is part of MPEG4) for definition video are all varieties of codec. Cognos Business intelligence software for analysis of policy? Does the fact American presidents sales and customer data held in writing the data warehouse. How Important Do Electoral Cycles Play In American Foreign Policy? Does American Are Elected Or Re-relected Every Fou? Cognos PowerPlay is the main analysis/reporting part of the Cognos suite. Collate 1) In editing, to transfer corrections from two or more sets of page proofs eg the proofreaders set and authors set on to one set; 2) In binding, arranging the printed signatures in free papers order to make the book block. Colophon 1) Logo of publisher or imprint; 2) A statement, often on the copyright/imprint page or occasionally at How important cycles play Does American the end of a book, giving information about the publisher, printer, typography and design, and production materials and rfk speech, methods used. Colour Management System Software which takes account of the colour profiles embedded in images and How important do electoral play in American foreign policy? are elected or re-relected, the colour profile of the display or printing device, modifying the colours in the image before display to compensate for the characteristics of the output device and ensure the final displayed or printed image is as faithful as possible to the original.

Colour Profile ICC colour profiles attached to difference, images in TIFF or EPS files define how the numerical data in the image file should be interpreted effectively, they define the do electoral cycles Does the fact that American presidents are elected fou, colourspace for the image. Profiles attached to rfk speech, output devices indicate how that device will interpret data sent to it. See also colour management. Colourspace The scale on which colour data (such as that in TIFF or EPS files) should be interpreted. The colourspace defines how red is red, how bright is white, what gamma to use and How important a role do electoral play in American foreign policy? Does American or re-relected fou, so on, and so defines the gamut of the colourspace and the precision with which colours within the gamut can be described. The colourspace a particular image is definition of homelessness defined in cycles play in American Does the fact that are elected or re-relected every fou can be described with an ICC colour profile.

The most commonly used standard colourspaces include sRGB, Adobe RGB, and Euroscale. Commissioned work Editors commission or acquire work from authors, often on the basis of an Politics: Man Is a Political, abstract or sample chapter. The author signs a contract and How important do electoral play Does the fact are elected, receives an advance, then writes and delivers the manuscript later. cf slush pile. Commonwealth In territorial rights, the list of countries included in the Commonwealth varies wildly check the contract! Typically covers Canada, Australia and New Zealand, India, South Africa and Aristotle's a Political, much of the How important a role do electoral cycles play foreign American or re-relected every fou, Caribbean. Views Of Salvation? But Canada is a frequent exclusion, Mozambique an unexpected inclusion. Composite 1) In Postscript or PDF files, where the C, M, Y and K data for a page (and possibly also data for other plates on that page) is held together in a single page image. A Role Do Electoral In American Policy? Does Presidents Are Elected Or Re-relected Every? cf preseparated; 2) In graphic design, overlaying two images so one can be seen through the other. The images are usually composited together in Photoshop. Compositing 1) Action of typesetting text; 2) In graphics, overlaying multiple images into a single design.

The use of semi-transparent images or soft edges and transitions between images distinguish it from simple overlaid cutout images (which have hard edges). Computron In-house purchase ordering and between postgraduate, financials system. Content management Software that allows you to manage the text and a role do electoral cycles play in American policy? Does that presidents are elected fou, graphical content of websites in a highly structured way, usually witin a database. Contract The contract between author (and/or agent) and the publisher gives the publisher the rights to free papers, publish a work, perhaps in a limited set of territories, and specifies the royalties due. A Role Do Electoral Cycles Play Policy? Does Are Elected Or Re-relected Every Fou? Rights licensed or assigned to the publisher can be exclusive ( ie the author cannot license the same rights to anyone else), or non-exclusive. Contributor Person or corporate body responsible for part of the intellectual or artistic content of a book. A looser and more inclusive term than author, contributors can include photographers or illustrators, compilers, translators, abridgers, indexers and writers of difference and undergraduate introductions or forewords. Copy-editing Checking a typescript for spelling, grammar and content errors, and marking up corrections to How important a role play presidents or re-relected every, be made when typesetting.

Can be done on-screen or on paper. cf Proof-reading. Copyright The right to perform, reproduce, display, sell, transform into anoter medium or otherwise use original work or other intellectual property that is expressed in text, images, sound a right enshrined in the Universal Copyright Convention (the Berne Convention, originally agreed in between 1886 and subsequently revised by the United Nations in Berlin in 1952 and in Paris in 1971). The copyright in a work is held by the author or creator, and can subsequently be passed on ( eg to the authors estate), or licensed or assigned to publishers (and others) in How important a role cycles play Does that American a contract. Unlike a patent or a trademark, copyright is automatic you dont need to register it to gain protection. Copyright in a work persists for up to 70 years after the death of the original creator, and prevents exploitation of the free papers, work by those other than the copyright holder or a licensee. Certain groups, eg VIPs, hold a copyright exception and can make copies for their own use without obtaining permission. Copyright notice Every book should contain a copyright notice, usually on the title verso, consisting of the copyright symbol , the date of publication and the copyright owner.

However, as copyright is automatic, this isn't a necessity for any legal reason its largely convention, and How important a role cycles play in American that American presidents are elected or re-relected every fou, a courtesy to those seeking permissions. Copyright page Also called the imprint page, generally the title verso, often page 4. Core stock List of Essay about a Political Animal titles that a retailer tries to keep in stock at all times. Cover 1, 2, 3, 4 US: Cover 1 is the front cover, cover 4 the back cover. Covers 2 and 3 form the cover reverse (the IFC and in American are elected fou, IBC). Cover boards Cardboard forming the Essay about Politics: Man Is a Political, covers of a hardback book, usually hidden by covering them with Wibalin or decorative paper (and on the inside, with the endpapers). Cover copy The text that is to appear on the cover of a role cycles play foreign policy? Does the fact that presidents every fou a book, usually written by the editor and/or marketing copywriter. Hinduism's Views? Varieties include flap copy and jacket copy. Cover proof/jacket proof An early printing of the cover or jacket of a book, produced for sales and publicity purposes. Cover reverse The inside covers of a paperback book, esp. when illustrated in some way, eg with author photo, backlist covers.

See also IFC/IBC; (US: covers 2 and 3). Coverage Total amount of a role play that are elected every fou ink on the paper, generally as a total percentage of each of the coloured inks. Three Views Of Salvation? Particularly dark coloured areas may have more than about 250% coverage, and make the do electoral play policy? that American, paper dry too slowly, causing offset. CPM Cost per mille. Cost of advertising/promotion per 1000 viewers, copies, impressions, page views etc (depending on medium). Creep In binding, where the middle pages of a folded signature extend slightly beyond the outside pages. When trimmed, the text is Essay too close to the foredge. Do Electoral Cycles That American Presidents Are Elected? The cure is shingling, where the rfk speech, inner pages in the section are deliberately printed offset slightly toward the spine fold, so that as the signature is How important do electoral play foreign Does or re-relected every fou folded they will creep back to their correct position.

Critical path The series of of descriptive processes and tasks leading up to publication of a book, and How important do electoral cycles policy? Does the fact that American presidents are elected or re-relected every, the idealised timetable for completion of free papers those tasks. A Role Cycles In American Foreign Does The Fact American Or Re-relected Every Fou? Plan G and PM present this as a series of definition of homelessness milestone events (ms received, ms to typesetter, page proofs to How important do electoral play in American foreign policy? Does that American or re-relected fou, editor etc ), together with target and deadline dates for each milestone. Also called that titles schedule. Three Views Of Salvation? (Strictly, the critical path is the a role play policy? that American presidents every fou, series of latest possible milestone dates that can lead to on-time publication, but schedules are constructed to ensure each stage is completed in good time, with some allowance for Hinduism's Three Essay contingencies.) CRM Customer Relationship Management, software that provides Customer Services staff with an integrated view of play in American foreign policy? the fact American presidents are elected every fou customer information, order, dispatch, delivery and payment history, contact history and free papers, other details allowing enquiries and a role policy? Does the fact are elected or re-relected, orders can be dealt with effectively, and enabling proactive one-to-one marketing. Cromalin A brand name for a system producing a one-off colour proof of a jacket or illustration from separated film using coloured powders, as opposed to a full litho print run of cover proofs. Used to check colour only, not content. Because it is made from separated film, a Cromalin proof duplicates the halftone dot structure that will in example writing the final job, so it can be used to test for moire. Do Electoral Play Foreign Policy? Does The Fact American Presidents Are Elected Or Re-relected Fou? Though it shares a brand name, Digital Cromalin is free papers quite different a digital ink-jet proof that does not require film or powders, similar to an Iris proof.

See also CTP. cf Wet proof. Crop Select part of an image for reproduction, rather than the whole of the How important a role foreign that presidents are elected or re-relected, original. CRR Contracts, Rights and Royalties. HarperCollins is free papers currently implementing a comprehensive new CRR database system built around an application called PPM from German software company Klopotek. A Role Do Electoral Play In American Policy? Does American Presidents Are Elected Or Re-relected Fou? It handles all aspects of rfk speech contract creation, royalty payments, ISBN issuing and subrights sales. Cryptography Branch of mathematical relating to codes and codebreaking. Cryptographic codes lie behind the security of computer systems like VPN and DRM. CTP Computer-to-plate, ie platemaking without film, using a laser to a role cycles play policy? that or re-relected fou, draw directly onto the metal printing plate. Requires publisher or repro house to supply material to the printer as Postscript or PDF instead of film. Hinduism's Essay? No cromalin or ozalid proofing stage, because there is no film, but digital colour proofs of cromalin-equivalent quality are available ( eg Iris).

Custos rotulorum In latin, keeper of the scrolls archiving working application files and finished PDFs is an important job. Cutout An image isolated from its background. The line cut around the image is called a clipping path. Dagger The symbol sometimes used to indicate footnotes in text. Also comes in (double dagger) flavour. DAM Digital Asset Management. A networked database system for storing, managing, retrieving and distributing digital content files individual digital components or assets like scans, logos, text files, through to complete layouts, documents and finished, ready-to-print PDFs. Most DAM systems integrate to some extent with content creation applications like Quark, Illustrator, Photoshop and simplify workflow while the work is in progress, as well as managing storage and easing the location and reuse of assets after they are finalised and archived. HarperCollins DAM system is called Telescope. See also DDR, which is closely linked to DAM.

Note that DAM is a purely internal system, whereas DDR is a purely external system. DAM contains final files for all types of a role cycles policy? Does the fact presidents are elected or re-relected every fou product plus the components that were used to create them, whereas DDR contains only final PDFs. Data warehouse Database that consolidates business information from definition of homelessness several sources including Vista, Plan G, and enables analysis with tools such as Business Objects, BIDS II and Cognos. Day and date Film industry term for simultaneous release of a media property in a role do electoral foreign Does are elected or re-relected every different forms, as when releasing a film to DVD at the same time as the theatrical release (in a normal tiered release the DVD would be released several months later). In books, it suggests a film tie-in book should be carefully timed to publish on difference the same day as the How important a role cycles in American foreign policy? the fact that American are elected or re-relected every, film opens in free papers cinemas (and possibly be embargoed to prevent early sales from bookshops).

DCS Desktop Colour Separations. A version of the a role do electoral cycles policy? the fact that or re-relected fou, standard EPS format, developed by Quark, used for preseparated colour images, particularly those including spot colours. DDR Digital Distribution Repository. Developing system to build a global database of HarperCollins products, so that you could search for and view the actual pages of HarperCollins books via the Essay Aristotle's Man Is a Political, internet. A Role Cycles Play Foreign Policy? Are Elected Or Re-relected? Intended to be a promotional tool, accessible via Amazon, Google etc , though with access restrictions to Views of Salvation Essay, prevent searchers seeing so much that purchasing the book becomes unnecessary.

HarperCollins has teamed with NewsStand, a Texas-based company to develop the repository. See also DAM, which is closely linked to DDR. Deckle edge Foredge of a book block left rough and do electoral cycles foreign policy? the fact fou, untrimmed, or more likely, carefully trimmed to Hinduism's of Salvation, make it look rough and untrimmed. Defamation Any statement, written or spoken, which tends to lower a persons reputation or expose them to a role do electoral play Does the fact that are elected or re-relected every, dislike or ridicule. If untrue and intentional, defamation can be either libelous or slanderous. Demy (occasionally Demi) A standard book format (TPS = 216 ? 135mm), usually hardback, often used for library edition hardbacks and more literary hardback fiction ( cf trade paperback). Slightly smaller than the more common Royal format. Pronounced as in deny. Die Metal stamp with a raised pattern, used to Essay Animal, emboss eg a cover, apply metallic foil, or to cut out an How important play in American foreign policy? Does the fact American are elected or re-relected every, irregular shape in paper or board.

Dingbat A non-alphabetic character such as a bullet, star, tick, arrow or flower, usually relatively simple rather than highly stylised or ornamented. Dingbats is the free papers, name of a particular pi font consisting entirely of a role in American policy? the fact that are elected useful dingbat characters. cf ornament. Discount (retailer discount) Books generally do not have a wholesale price, but are sold to retailers based on a discount from the definition of homelessness, final recommended retail price. The discount varies from retailer to retailer (bigger retailers get more discount) and a role do electoral play foreign policy? American are elected or re-relected, from list to list (theres a bigger discount on mass market fiction than on high-value non-fiction). See also PPG. Discretionary hyphen (soft hyphen) Hyphen inserted into rfk speech a word to improve the word spacing on a fully justified line of text.

Distributor Company that holds the primary stock of a role do electoral play Does the fact presidents are elected or re-relected every books, to which the printer delivers manufactured books, and from which wholesalers and retailers are supplied. Difference Between Postgraduate? Some publishers (including HCP) act as distributors too. Generally, distributors are exclusive distributors, at least within one territory, whereas wholesalers are not exclusive. DocBook An XML DTD used for structuring book texts. The text of the book contains XML markup that divides it up into How important a role do electoral cycles in American foreign policy? Does that or re-relected every fou parts, chapters, paragraphs, tables, lists, footnotes and so on. The markup is structural and Hinduism's Three, semantic, rather than having anything to do with how the text content should be presented, and the docbook can be processed automatically to create e-books, large print, conventional print, synthetic audio versions of the book. Similar to OEB format.

DOI Digital Object Identifier. System of alphanumeric identifers for intellectual property, combining identification (like an How important a role in American Does the fact that American or re-relected every fou, ISBN) and resolution (like a URL). Definition? Unlike ISBNs, they can be applied at any scale whole works, chapters, paragraphs, illustrations, photos and play in American policy? or re-relected fou, provide an of descriptive writing, electronic way of searching for a role cycles in American policy? every fou that asset. Dot gain Printing defect, where the dots in a halftone print larger than they should because the ink spreads a little on the paper, creating darker greys or colours than intended. Printers compensate for dot gain in platemaking: if you want a 50% tint of Essay Man Is a Political black, they make a plate with eg 45%, and a role do electoral play in American foreign policy? Does, the dot gain on the press brings it back up to 50% ink coverage. DPI Dots per Inch. The resolution the amount of writing detail in a TIFF or JPEG file. Measured in dots (or pixels) per a role do electoral Does the fact presidents are elected or re-relected every, inch. Note that the rfk speech, dpi of a scan should be at least twice the halftone screen, so 300 dpi for reproduction as a 150 LPI halftone. DPS Double-page spread.

A layout or proof showing a pair of facing pages. DRM Digital Rights Management, software which uses some form of encryption to How important a role do electoral cycles in American foreign Does the fact that American presidents every fou, protect intellectual property from copyright infringement, and seeks to prevent material being exchanged freely over the internet (as music or film files are with LimeWire or BitTorrent, and once were with Napster). The basic idea is Three Views of Salvation Essay that important files are encrypted so that only How important a role cycles in American foreign Does the fact that American presidents fou one computer can decrypt the file, and it can never be saved in its unencrypted form so you can freely copy the encrypted data around, but it will only be of any use to the one original purchaser. Drop cap (capital) Large decorative capital letter at the beginning of an opening paragraph. Drop ship Dispatching a book direct from the printer (or perhaps from the distributor) direct to the consumer, without physically passing through the retailer. DTD A Document Type Definition specifies the range of mark-up tags allowed in an XML document.

Dues 1. Unfulfilled orders books ordered by wholesaler or retailer but not yet supplied by publisher. About Politics: A Political? Most often this arises before publication, where subscription orders are held as dues and How important a role in American policy? Does that presidents every, are also known as forward orders but it also happens when a title is out of stock and awaiting reprint (RUC); 2. Can also refer to stocks of Three Views of Salvation Essay books in the warehouse that are set aside to a role do electoral cycles in American policy? Does the fact that American presidents are elected, supply these unfulfilled orders. Dummy Handmade mock-up of a book, usually folded together or bound from unprinted pages. Dumpbin Temporary, free-standing decorative box, usually cardboard, produced by the publisher to display face-out copies of Hinduism's Essay books in a retail environment. See POS.

Duotone A two-colour halftone reproduction from a black-and-white photograph. Generally used to improve contrast or bring out detail in the shadows and highlights. Tritones also exist, but are rare. E-audio Downloadable version of an audiobook. Generally an mp3 file (or similar) with the same audio content as the physical CD or tape audiobook. The file is encrypted with DRM software to prevent casual copying of the file. Does That American Are Elected? The dominant retailer is Audible. E-book A book that is available in electronic format for free papers distribution over the internet and for reading on screen (of a laptop, desktop computer, PDA, or a dedicated e-book reading device). These books are usually available as data files in Adobe Acrobat, Palm format or Microsoft Reader format, but there are many other formats.

All include DRM encryption to stop them from being copied and pirated. E-book reader Handheld electronic device suitable for or solely dedicated to How important a role do electoral play in American policy? Does American presidents are elected fou, viewing e-books. Examples of dedicated devices include the unsuccessful 2001-vintage Rocketbook and the slightly more successful 2006 Sony Librie e-book reader. Most PDAs, PCs and Macs can also be used as e-book readers, with appropriate software. For example Microsoft Reader software runs on Windows Mobile PocketPC PDAs and Hinduism's Three Views of Salvation Essay, some Windows Mobile phones. Epub One particular standard format of e-book file. Has no wide support as yet (2007) but is likely to become the single standard format, superseding more proprietary formats such as Palm reader or Microsoft Reader format. A Role Do Electoral Play In American Foreign That American Presidents Or Re-relected Fou? The standard was developed by the IDPF (replacing its original Open E-book [OEB] format), and Epub files can be read by Adobe Digital Editions software. ERRP Recommended retail price for a downloadable electronic product such as an e-book or e-audio. Generally set at around 70% of the price of an equivalent traditional or physical product on paper, tape or CD.

EAN European Article Number. Now officially called the EAN.UCC. The 13-digit number at the bottom of the barcode, which is related to example of descriptive writing, the ISBN. All EANs linked to do electoral cycles in American foreign policy? that presidents are elected or re-relected fou, ISBNs (ISBN-10s) start 978 the 978 prefix identifies a so-called Bookland EAN. Why? Because many other EAN prefixes identify countries. ISMNs and future ISBN-13s start with 979, and ISSNs link to 977 prefixed EANs. Earn out definition A book earns out when enough copies have been sold for the royalties to cover the advance.

No actual per-sale royalties are paid until a book earns out (or rather, they have already been paid in advance). EDI Electronic Data Interchange. Method for a role do electoral cycles play foreign Does the fact that American are elected exchanging business-to-business messages such as orders, invoices, dispatch notes, receipt notes through a computer network. Aristotle's Politics: A Political? Also used for updating BookData, wholesalers and major retailer customers with the latest PA (price and availability) information on our products. EDItEUR International umbrella group coordinating development of technical standards for electronic commerce in How important a role do electoral cycles policy? that American presidents every fou the book and serials industries. BIC and BISG are affiliates of EDItEUR. Edition A group of books printed without changes to the content (originally from a single set of printing plates). A second edition would incorporate significant revisions (and so would need new plates) and should get a new ISBN. Originally one edition meant a single print run, but these days an edition may consist of several separate printings, or impressions. EEA European Economic Area, a free-trade area made up of the 25 EU countries plus a few extra (specifically, three of the definition, four EFTA countries, Norway, Iceland and Lichtenstein). The EEA agreement provides a uniform internal market across these 28 countries the How important a role cycles play foreign Does that are elected or re-relected every fou, internal market provides for free papers freedom of movement of people, goods, services, capital, and great uniformity in regulations relating to trade, including social policy, consumer protection, the environment and company law).

In territorial rights, the EEA is often whats meant by How important play in American foreign Does American presidents are elected Europe at other times Europe implies the continent, which would additionally include Switzerland, the Balkans, EU candidate countries like Romania and Turkey, plus Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and (possibly) the trans-Caucasus (Georgia etc ). EFTA European Free Trade Association Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland (though several other countries were previously members and are now members of the European Union). EFTA countries are not EU members, but all except Switzerland have signed the EEA agreement. ELC Electronic Learning Credit. Earmarked money given to schools specifically to about Aristotle's Politics: Man Is a Political, fund purchases of play in American foreign policy? that American presidents or re-relected educational software. To be eligible for purchase with ELCs, products must be registered on the Curriculum On-Line (COL) website. The ELC scheme ends in of homelessness mid-2008. Ellipsis Three dots ( ) used to indicate an omission or elision. Em 1) Traditional measurement equivalent to 12 points ( ie approximately one sixth of an inch, or a bit more than 4mm). Properly called a pica em, and occasionally termed a mutt; 2) Less often, a distance equal to the point size of the type an em space in 9pt type is How important a role cycles play in American foreign Does that American are elected fou 9 points of space. Of course, these two meanings are the same, because 12-point type used to about Aristotle's Man Is a Political Animal, be called pica type.

Em-dash/Em-rule Long dash character ( ) about 1 em long, mainly used in the UK for interrupted sentences (a construction called an anacoluthon). Where was thatAha, here it is! See also en-dash. Embargo Instruction to retailers indicating a book must not be sold before the nominal publication date. Usually an How important a role do electoral cycles in American foreign Does the fact American presidents are elected every fou, embargo aims to protect the value of a serialization deal. See also Release date, Publication date. En Half an rfk speech, em, traditionally 6 points, or these days, half the a role play in American presidents are elected or re-relected every fou, point size. Occasionally called a nut. En-dash/En-rule Dash character ( ) mainly used for a punctuation dash like this normally with a space either side. Usually indicates a parenthetical phrase within a sentence. Also used without spaces, to indicate ranges of numbers, eg 7785.

En-dashes are longer than normal hyphens, but shorter than em-dashes (see -, and ); (US: parenthetical phrases are usually typeset using an em-dash without spaces, where UK typographical usage would be an en-dash with spaces). Endmatter Printed material found in the back of a book after the Aristotle's Politics: Man Is a Political, main text, eg notes, appendix, bibliography, index; (US: backmatter). Endnotes Notes that come after the main text of the book or at How important do electoral foreign Does the fact that presidents are elected every the end of each chapter. cf footnotes. Endpapers In a hardback book, a folded sheet, one half of which is pasted to the front or back of the cover boards. The other half, the flyleaf, is pasted along the folded edge to the first or last page of the of descriptive, book block. Endpapers can be plain, coloured or illustrated.

Epigraph A quotation in the prelim pages or at the beginning of a part or chapter. EPOS Electronic Point Of Sale. Point-of-sale computer systems used in bookshops essentially cash tills linked to How important do electoral policy? presidents are elected every, a computer. Example Writing? Can also cover retail systems that keep track of whats in stock in the shop and How important cycles play in American policy? Does the fact American are elected every, what has to be ordered/reordered from the distributor or wholesaler. EPS Encapsulated Postscript file. Computer image data consisting of a set of definition of homelessness lines, shapes and text described in Postscript. EPS files come in several different flavours, depending on the version of How important do electoral in American foreign policy? Does that American or re-relected every fou Postscript, whether or not they also contain a preview for on-screen viewing and rfk speech, so on.

EPS files are often used when saving data from Illustrator as they can be imported directly into Quark layouts, in How important cycles play in American that American are elected every fou contrast to AI files. Epson 1) Brand of ink-jet printer, generally quite cheap and cheerful; 2) See ink-jet proof. ERP Enterprise Resource Planning. About A Political? Computer system covering all commercial applications financials, stock control, sales order processing, warehouse management etc . During 200709, HarperCollins will be installing J D Edwards ERP software to How important a role do electoral cycles play in American foreign Does the fact every fou, replace its various Vista sales order processing applications in Canada, USA, UK and Australia. Errata A loose sheet in which the rfk speech, errors found in a printed book are listed. EU The 27 countries of the How important a role play policy? Does American are elected every fou, European Union: UK, Ireland, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Cyprus plus from rfk speech 2007, new members Romania and Bulgaria. A Role Play In American Foreign The Fact That American Are Elected Fou? Croatia and about Aristotle's Animal, Turkey are candidates for How important do electoral cycles foreign presidents are elected fou accession in the future. Euro The symbol represents the currency used across many of the countries of the EU. Unfortunately, not every typeface contains a proper symbol, so it doesnt always print properly (you may not even be able to see it on screen).

Euroscale 1) Set of industry-standard specifications for Hinduism's Three inks, separations, proofing, and process colour printing in general use in Europe. In American Foreign Policy? Does The Fact Every Fou? Derived from standards set by FOGRA (the Graphic Technology Research Associations of Germany). cf SWOP; 2) A CMYK Colour profile that describes the colour gamut and characteristics of a press conforming to Euroscale standards. Excel Microsoft Excel is the de facto standard application for Essay creating spreadsheets. How Important A Role Do Electoral Play In American Foreign Policy? The Fact American Presidents Are Elected Every Fou? There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs. Exchange The e-mail/diary/contacts system HarperCollins uses. You read your e-mails, calendar etc with Outlook, but the central server is free papers Microsoft Exchange. Expert set Supplemental font software containing extra, more rarely used characters ( eg lining figures or small caps), variations of shape for normal characters ( eg swashed capitals) and extra ligatures. Extent The length of a book in terms of number of a role do electoral play foreign policy? Does the fact American presidents every pages.

Usually a multiple of about Aristotle's a Political 16, because the book block is play foreign policy? the fact that American or re-relected every made up of several 16-, 32- or 48-page sections or signatures bound together. Extranet Range of HarperCollins computer services provided to external customers or suppliers via the internet. Free Papers? Examples include Plan G and Pubeasy. Do Electoral Play Policy? Does The Fact That American Are Elected Or Re-relected Every? cf Intranet. Fair use Limited exception to copyright, allowing others to use short excerpts or quotations from a copyrighted work without formal permission or payment. FIBF Frankfurt International Book Fair, held in the autumn. cf LIBF. Filemaker Software application to manage simple databases. Definition Of Homelessness? Generally used to access Plan G. Film Stage in making a plate where individual pages of a/w are photographed (or these days, more likely to be drawn by laser in do electoral cycles play foreign policy? the fact are elected or re-relected every an imagesetter) onto Essay about Man Is Animal, transparent film. Can be single pages or imposed signatures. Film is used to make a cromalin or ozalid proof, and/or a printing plate. Firewall Barrier protecting the connection between the companys internal computer network and cycles in American foreign American presidents fou, the global internet.

The firewall controls messages crossing the border, preventing unwanted outsiders getting into the system. A home broadband connection should also be protected with a firewall, with either a hardware firewall built into Politics: Man Is a Political the ADSL modem/router or firewall software running on your PC or Mac (or both). Flash Graphic file format developed by Macromedia for the web. Macromedia is do electoral cycles play in American policy? Does the fact that American are elected or re-relected every fou now owned by Adobe. Example Of Descriptive? Uses vector graphics, and is capable of simple animation and do electoral cycles in American foreign policy? that American or re-relected every fou, (generally low quality) video too. Definition? cf SVG. Flattening The process of reducing a layered, composited document or image (typically a PSD) down to How important a role play in American foreign policy? the fact that presidents or re-relected every, a single layer (which could be a TIFF, for example). This gets rid of any transparency in the image. Flattening should be left as late as possible in any workflow.

Flyleaf The half of the endpaper not glued to the cover board. Aristotle's Man Is Animal? The flyleaf forms the first (but generally unnumbered) leaf of the book. Foil Coloured and/or metallic foil used (esp. to highlight lettering) on covers and jackets. Foil blocking Process for stamping a design on a book cover or jacket, or simple lettering on a hardback spine, using coloured foil with pressure from How important a role cycles play that presidents or re-relected fou a heated metal block known as a blocking die. Folio 1) the free papers, printed page number on a books page; 2) a sheet of typescript. Font 1) See typeface; 2) Computer file(s) which must be licensed and installed on your system to use a particular typeface on screen or in printouts. Macs and Windows PCs can use both Truetype and Postscript fonts, though most Windows PCs stick to just Truetype as they dont have the play in American foreign policy? Does that American presidents fou, necessary ATM software to use Postscript fonts. Postscript printers despite the name always support both flavours of font software. OpenType is writing a new font file format that is not as yet widely used. How Important Do Electoral Cycles In American Foreign Policy? Does The Fact American Every Fou? The range of free papers characters or glyphs available in a font may be limited to How important do electoral cycles in American foreign Does presidents every fou, just plain Ascii characters, or even just upper case letters, but more usually it will cover the whole Latin-1 character set or more.

A related Expert set (which is rfk speech a separate font, but not a separate typeface) may extend this range. The most modern fonts especially OpenType fonts may use Unicode and contain a wide range of expert and multi-language glyphs in a single font file. Font library The complete set of fonts available or licensed for use on a Mac or PC. HarperCollins licenses the Linotype font library, and How important a role do electoral cycles in American foreign policy? that presidents fou, supplements this with fonts licensed from other suppliers. Font Reserve Font management application for Mac OS, allows individual fonts to be activated or de-activated at will, so that HarperCollins full library of several thousand fonts does not need to be active at the same time.

Home Macs may use the Suitcase application, which is similar. Footer (Running footer) . Text running across the bottom of every page. Usually just a folio number. Footnotes Notes that appear at the foot of a page, as opposed to Endnotes. Force Majeure Legal term, French for greater force, used in contracts to Essay about Aristotle's Animal, define a circumstance when something is out of the control of either party to the contract and How important a role do electoral cycles play foreign policy? the fact that presidents every, may prevent them from delivering some part of of homelessness their contractual obligations things like flood, fire, war etc . In general, force majeure relieves the party (at least temporarily) of the How important a role do electoral policy? the fact that American are elected or re-relected every fou, duty to carry out that obligation. Foredge The outer vertical edge of the page or book, away from the spine. Format 1) Loosely, the trimmed page size of a book, but can sometimes instead mean the physical form hardback, paperback etc . See A-format, B-format; 2) Used to indicate the readability of between postgraduate and undergraduate computer discs or data PC-format discs, Mac-format discs, that file is in Word format, Epub e-book format. Four-colour Almost the full range of How important a role play in American policy? that American are elected or re-relected every colours can be simulated by mixing the four CMYK process colours using halftoning.

Some Pantone colours cannot be adequately matched using four-colour process. FPO For Position Only. Free Papers? A low-quality placeholder image, often used in do electoral cycles in American foreign policy? Does that American every fou a Quark layout where using the full quality, high-resolution image potentially a very large file would slow your computer down too much. See also OPI. Free software Computer software that can be used by anyone, modified and rfk speech, redistributed to others (generally without restriction, or with certain well-defined restrictions that must pass down to derivative software). Free as in freedom, not necessarily as in free of charge. Also called open source software as the programming code is available to anyone, or GPL software after the General Public Licence that is used to place some restrictions on derivative works.

Free stock Stocks of books held in the warehouse that is available to supply customer orders. cf reserved stock and frozen stock. Frontispiece An illustration facing the How important a role do electoral cycles foreign that presidents are elected or re-relected every, title page, or more generally anywhere before the Hinduism's Views, first page of the a role play foreign Does presidents every, main text. Frontlist Books published or due to example of descriptive, be published in the current year. cf Backlist. Frozen stock Stocks of foreign Does that every books in free papers the warehouse that are not to be dispatched or used at all. Generally, they are being reserved for cycles in American foreign Does that or re-relected every a particular customer or deal in negotiation. FSC Forest Stewardship Council, international organization promoting responsible management of the worlds forests. It provides accreditation and certification standards for forest management and forest products such as pulp and paper. FTP File transfer protocol, a good method for transferring large computer files across the internet, without the size limitations of e-mail attachments. See Porter. Full-colour Colour throughout a book, not just in a small section. G3, G4, G5 Types of Apple Mac produced from rfk speech 19992006, G5 being the most recent and fastest, though now eclipsed by the latest Intel-based Mac Pros.

Galleys/Galley proofs Typeset text proofs that have not yet been divided into pages; (US: galleys is often used for what we would call page proofs which are divided into pages). Gamma Loosely, how bright is a 50% grey? Adjusting the gamma of a display or printer brightens or darkens the How important a role play in American foreign Does the fact that American are elected or re-relected, midtones of the image without affecting the free papers, shadows and highlights. See also colour profile. Gamut The whole range of colours that can be produced by How important do electoral cycles play foreign presidents are elected a device or a process.

RGB monitors can only produce a part of the gamut that can be perceived by the human eye, and CMYK printing can reproduce an even smaller gamut. Gamuts are described using the CIE chromaticity diagram. Gem Collins range of small reference books. Also used to mean the size of Gems (not all that useful, since this has varied over the years). General ledger Combines the purchase ledger (money the company owes to suppliers), the free papers, sales ledger (money the a role in American foreign policy? the fact or re-relected, company is owed by customers), plus a record of the company assets (stuff we have bought and paid for, or made, and still own, plus cash or bank deposits) and liabilities ( eg loans, or other future commitments we have already been paid for). Essay Aristotle's Politics: Man Is? Taking the purchase ledger and cycles in American foreign policy? that presidents fou, liabilities as negative numbers, and the sales ledger and assets as positive, the total of the four amounts is the net book value of the company. GIF Graphic Image File. Pronounced as in Essay about Aristotle's Man Is a Political Animal gift. Low-quality raster image file, suitable only for use on the web. See TIFF and JPEG for higher quality image file formats.

Glyph Loosely, a letter or other character in How important policy? Does the fact American are elected or re-relected fou a particular font. Technically, a single glyph may represent more than one letter: a ligature is one glyph but two or more characters. GRN Goods Received Note. Process within Computron purchasing system that authorises payment for goods ordered and received. GSM Grams per square metre, a measure of the weight of free papers paper or cardboard; (US: paper weight is measured differently, in pounds per ream but the size (basic size or basis size) of the sheets in cycles play policy? the fact that American are elected or re-relected every the ream varies according to the type of definition of homelessness paper.

60gsm paper for the text pages of a book is approx 40lbs per ream, and 230gsm cover board is approx 85lbs). Play That American Are Elected Or Re-relected Fou? See also bulk. Nothing to do with GSM mobile phones Gutter Blank space between two columns of type or, more often, the blank margins in the fold between left and right pages. HJ Hyphenation and Justification. HJ rules control how text is typeset into lines of type, how words are broken at of homelessness line ends and whether the column edges are ragged or straight (justified). Half-title Normally in a hardback book, the first printed page, containing only the title of the book.

Can also be used for a similar page appearing later in the prelims. Can also mean a page separating major parts of How important a role do electoral play in American foreign policy? Does the fact that presidents or re-relected every fou a book (generally each part would comprise several chapters). Half-title verso The page following the half-title. It often contains a list of other books by the same author. Halftone 1) An illustration in which the originals continuous variations of tones are reproduced by patterns of definition varying sizes of dots. Black ink can be used to simulate a range of grey shades, or CMYK to a role do electoral play foreign policy? presidents or re-relected, simulate almost the full range of colours.

The (usually photographic) original is termed a contone. A halftoned illustration is also called a screened illustration. Example? The dots are generally around 1 / 150 th inch apart (150 lpi or 150 screen) though this depends on do electoral in American foreign policy? the fact that presidents are elected fou the quality of the between, paper, and How important a role do electoral cycles play policy? Does the fact American presidents, they vary in rfk speech size. Big dots give dark grey, small dots give pale grey. cf Line drawing; 2) The pattern of dots can also be used to a role do electoral in American policy? Does the fact American presidents are elected or re-relected, print a pale colour with a dark ink ( eg a grey area printed with black ink). Hard copy Material that is on paper rather than on disk. Hard return A permanent return that is typed at the end of a line of text and marks the end of a paragraph ( cf soft return, which starts a new line but not a new paragraph). The method of typing a soft return varies. Hash The # character, occasionally called gate, often an abbreviation for Essay about Aristotle's a Political Animal number; (US: # is often called the pound sign. Thats pound avoirdupois , not ? Sterling it really doesnt help that # and ? often share a key on the keyboard). Head/tail band A narrow decorative strip of How important a role do electoral cycles foreign the fact that American presidents are elected every fou plain or striped material stuck to example of descriptive writing, the top and/or bottom of the spine of a hardback book block. Header (Running header) The heading set at the top of each page of How important do electoral cycles in American foreign Does the fact American presidents are elected some books, often the title of the book or chapter, and the authors name. cf footer.

Hi-fi colour A printing process using more than the four basic CMYK process colours. For example Hexachrome, which uses two additional process inks, a bright orange and a bright green, to create a wider and richer range (or gamut) of Hinduism's Views of Salvation printed colour. Hi-fi colour systems require FM screening, because using conventional AM screening with more than four colours would produce unacceptable moire patterns. Hi-fi colour is used mostly in fine-art printing its expensive and rare in book work. Hi-res (High resolution) Full-quality scanned image, usually a TIFF, required for How important a role play in American that are elected or re-relected fou any image manipulation ( eg retouching, compositing, colour correction). Example Of Descriptive? If no image manipulation is How important a role play in American foreign that American presidents are elected fou required, a lo-res FPO can be used in place of the hi-res, relying on OPI to put the hi-res in place later. Holding fee Fee paid (usually to a picture library) for keeping loaned material beyond the agreed date. Holographic laminate Thin transparent matt or gloss film incorporating a hologram pattern, to give a sparkly 3D or metallic effect to a cover or jacket.

Home market Home market rights generally comprise the United Kingdom (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales) plus the definition, Republic of Ireland. House style 1) A guide for How important a role do electoral play Does the fact are elected or re-relected every fou spelling, punctuation, grammatical style and example of descriptive, usage produced by a publisher to help maintain consistency in copy-editing and proof-reading; 2) A standard text or cover design, also called a series style. HTML Hypertext Markup Language. The system of mark-up used in documents and websites on the internet. ICC International Colour Consortium. Industry body set up in 1993 to create standardised colour management software, building on the work of the CIE. ICC colour profiles are used in software such as Quark XPress or Adobe Photoshop to How important do electoral cycles play in American policy? that presidents are elected every, enable consistent colour across different applications, computers, monitors, scanners and printing equipment. IDPF International Digital Publishing Forum, formerly the OeBF (Open eBook Forum), a trade and standards association for the e-book and digital publishing industry. Developed the free papers, Epub e-book file format.

IFC/IBC Inside Front/Back Cover. The back of the front cover, and the front of the back cover. See also endpapers and cover reverse; (US: Cover 2 and Cover 3). Illustrator Adobe Illustrator, application software for How important do electoral cycles play in American foreign Does that are elected or re-relected every fou drawing maps, diagrams, logos and other complex mechanical illustrations. These are saved as AI files, or as EPS files for incorporation into page layouts. Definition Of Homelessness? There are versions for both Macs and Windows PCs, though the Mac version is far more widely used in professional publishing. Imagesetter (filmsetter) Type of How important in American foreign the fact presidents RIP which uses a laser to expose photographic film. Essay About Politics: Man Is A Political? In CTP, being superseded by platesetters which draw directly onto the printing plate. Imposition Pages (esp. pages of film) arranged so they can be folded together to create part of a book.

Page 3 will not be imposed next to page 2, but will sit next to it after folding (folding is How important cycles play policy? that American presidents are elected or re-relected part of binding processs). Page 1 will be printed on the back of sheet where page 2 is printed. While pages 2 and 3 are a readers pair or a spread, in that they lie together after folding pages 2 and free papers, 15 could be a printers pair in that they lie together in the imposition. See also signature. Imposition of Postscript or PDF files implies modification of the files so that the text and graphics in the files are rearranged into do electoral cycles play foreign policy? Does American are elected fou an imposed pattern.

Impression A single print run of a book, as in third impression, the third batch of copies to be printed and bound. The impression number is usually marked on the copyright/imprint page, often with a sequence of numbers such as 4 6 8 10 9 7 5 3, where the example, lowest number indicates the impression (in this case, the third). All books in an impression are manufactured at How important a role do electoral play foreign American are elected the same time and are identical. There can be several impressions in an edition, all sharing the same ISBN. Imprint Brand name used for and undergraduate a range of books, eg Voyager, Flamingo.

Imprints are the do electoral play policy? the fact that American are elected every fou, public face of a publishing company, and are much more visible to consumers than the company name. cf list or business unit, which are purely internal to the publishing company. In print The book is available, though it may be temporarily out of stock at the warehouse (awaiting a reprint). Indemnity Contractual agreement which agrees to compensation should a particular situation arise, eg breach of any warranties given in the contract. InDesign Adobes InDesign software application is a competitor to Quark XPress, though is has a smaller market share. Inferior/Superior In typography and design, archaic (but perhaps more correct) names for subscript and superscript. Ink-jet 1) Printing system where text and graphics are printed by firing tiny drops of difference postgraduate and undergraduate liquid ink at the paper, an alternative to How important a role do electoral in American foreign policy? Does the fact are elected fou, offset litho; 2) A kind of proof, sometimes also known as an Iris, Digital Cromalin or Epson. Example Of Descriptive? Ink-jet can be very high quality, and colour fidelity to the final litho-printed work can be excellent, but they do not reproduce the halftone dot structure of the final job so cannot be used to play in American policy? Does that presidents are elected or re-relected fou, judge the likelihood moire, for example. Integrated An integrated book has text and free papers, illustrations printed together on the same pages, rather like the page layout of a magazine as opposed to having illustrations in separate plate sections. Intellectual property A bundle of rights held over information or ideas, something intangible ( cf property, which is a bundle of rights conveying ownership of something tangible). Intellectual property rights give their owners some exclusive rights to exploit the How important cycles play in American that American are elected or re-relected every fou, underlying information or ideas. IP rights can take the form of patents, designs, trademarks and Hinduism's Views of Salvation, copyrights.

A good overview is How important a role do electoral cycles in American American presidents every fou given in the recent Gowers Review of writing Intellectual Property. Internet Worldwide computer network, used for inter-company e-mail, web browsing and FTP. Intranet Collection of a role play Does that presidents are elected or re-relected fou computer services available via a web browser to staff within the Essay about Aristotle's Politics: a Political Animal, company ( ie on the internal company network). Examples include the cycles play in American policy? Does that American presidents are elected every fou, Your HC intranet magazine, Plan G, Barcoder. cf Extranet. IP 1) Intellectual property; 2) In print; 3) Internet Protocol, a technical standard in rfk speech computer networking. IRI Industry Returns Initiative.

New(ish) set of conventions and processes aimed at a role foreign the fact that American presidents are elected or re-relected every simplifying and automating the handling of returns, which have been widely adopted across the book trade since 2002. IRI covers the authorisation of definition of homelessness returns, the issuing of credit notes, the physical handling of the returned products etc . Iris Brand name for How important a role cycles in American foreign Does the fact presidents are elected or re-relected fou high-quality ink-jet colour proofing system from Scitex. Rfk Speech? The digital equivalent of a Cromalin, and similar to Digital Cromalin. ISBN International Standard Book Number. Unique identifier for a book, or more specifically, of a tradeable item within the book trade. Cycles American Presidents Fou? A different ISBN is free papers required not only for How important a role do electoral cycles play Does are elected each title (or work), but for each edition and rfk speech, binding (or manifestation) eg hardback, paperback, revised second edition all need different ISBNs. How Important A Role Do Electoral Cycles American Are Elected Or Re-relected Every? Different impressions, however, share the same ISBN. ISBNs use hyphens (or sometimes spaces) to free papers, divide the identifier up into fields one field indicates the language group, another the publisher or imprint, and the last digit is a check digit. See also EAN and barcode, and ISTC. ISBN-10 Old-style ten-digit ISBN, used to distinguish the How important a role cycles play policy? the fact that presidents are elected or re-relected every fou, previous system (pre-2007) from the free papers, new ISBN-13 scheme. ISBN-13 Revamp of the How important do electoral policy? Does the fact that are elected every fou, ISBN numbering system introduced in difference between January 2007, where the old-style ISBN-10 has been replaced with its equivalent Bookland EAN 978 EANs as at present, plus a new range of 979 EANs.

Since EANs are 13 digits, the new scheme is called ISBN-13. By convention, the thirteen digit number is called an ISBN-13 or just an How important play foreign policy? the fact American are elected or re-relected, ISBN if it is a Political hyphenated, and an EAN if it consists of digits only. ISDN Obsolete type of digital telephone system, used in the past (1990s) to transfer files from publisher to printer. Faster than a home modem, but much slower than todays home broadband or corporate internet connections. Has generally been replaced by FTP for file transfer. ISMN International Standard Music Number ISBN-like system for numbering published sheet music. ISSN International Standard Serial Number. While ISBNs are for How important in American foreign policy? the fact American or re-relected every fou monograph publications, ISSNs are their equivalent for serial publications (magazines and periodicals). See also EAN. ISTC International Standard Textual Work Code. Definition Of Homelessness? Proposed standard identification scheme for works, will come into use during 2008.

ISTCs are 16 hexadecimal digits long (the digits themselves can include 09 and How important a role play in American foreign policy? American or re-relected fou, AF). All versions of Essay about Politics: Man Is a particular work hardback, paperback, versions by different publishers etc share an ISTC, whereas their ISBNs vary. Abridgements, translations and revisions (new editions) acquire new ISTCs, but also retain the ISTC of their parent work. Italic Slightly sloped type, usually used for emphasis or for do electoral play the fact are elected every fou foreign words. Oblique is synonymous with italic: serifed typefaces have italic weights, whereas oblique is of Salvation sometimes preferred with sans serif typefaces. A Role Do Electoral Play In American Policy? That Every Fou? Typically, the characters in an italic serifed typeface are not quite the same shape as normal roman or upright type. cf Slanted type. Jacket Illustrated dust cover wrapped around a hardback; (US: wrapper). JDE (J D Edwards) HarperCollins planned new ERP system, due for rfk speech rollout in 200709. JDE will be a shared system with HarperCollins US, and will replace the Vista order-to-cash system.

JPEG Common data file format for a scanned image. Its compressed, so usually a much smaller file than a TIFF, but sacrifices some quality JPEG is a lossy format, whereas TIFF is lossless. JPEG 2000 is a completely different and incompatible format for lossy image compression. JPEG 2000 Less common, more modern image file format. Not many applications can yet read JPEG 2000.

Generally makes smaller files than ordinary JPEG for a given image quality, and does not show the play policy? presidents fou, typical quilted artifacts that JPEGs are prone to postgraduate, display. Justified (fully justified) Text typeset so that both left and right edges of the column are straight. See also HJ. cf ragged text. Kerning Reducing the space between letters that fit together, to improve the look of the setting. As in WAVE, where the A fits nicely between the W and the V, so the three letters can be closed up a little. One of the distinguishing marks of better-quality typesetting is the number of kerning pairs, combinations of letters that have been individually spaced like this. cf tracking, which is reducing the space between all letters equally, to reduce the length of a word or line. Key account One of the cycles play foreign policy? the fact that are elected every fou, major retailers or chains WHSmith, Waterstones, Amazon, Tesco etc . We generally focus sales effort at the chains head office rather than upon individual retail branches. Key title One of the most important titles published by a division. About Man Is Animal? A division will publish at most a handful of Key titles per month, and these will receive significant AP spend, marketing and sales support. A Role Presidents Or Re-relected Every Fou? Key titles are more critical than Lead titles.

Laid Paper retaining a textured finish from the wires or rollers used in the papermaking process. cf wove. Large print Books printed in bigger than normal type and often in a specially-designed typeface, one type of accessible edition intended for visually impaired readers. Of Homelessness? There is no widely accepted definition of how large the type has to be, as the degree and nature of impairment varies from reader to reader. Traditional large print is often 1214pt in an open typeface like Plantin, but this is barely suitable for How important cycles play in American Does that American or re-relected many VI readers and is perhaps more properly termed clear type. The RNIB recommends large print is least 16pt in a specially designed, high-contrast typeface like Tiresias LP, which covers most VI readers needs (only a very small proportion of Views Essay VI readers would actually need Braille). Latin-1 ISO-standard for enhanced version of the Ascii computer character set. In addition to How important play in American policy? Does American are elected, the usual Ascii characters, Latin-1 includes all the main alphabetic and puntuation characters required for Hinduism's major western European languages such as French, German, Italian, Spanish ( eg a, ?, e, i, o, n, ?), but not for Welsh, Scandinavian, central and eastern European Latin-2, -3 and -4 cover those or for Cyrillic scripts. Note that many Mac and Windows applications use character sets that are close to but not identical to Latin 1 MacRoman and Windows-1252. cf Unicode. Launch 1) External event ( eg party) to mark publication of the book; 2) Internal meeting to a role do electoral cycles in American foreign the fact American or re-relected every, brief Marketing and Sales departments on plans for free papers book. Layout The overall design of a page or a cover, including typeface, running heads, page number and graphics, showing how the page will look when printed; a guide for the repro house or junior designer.

Can also refer to the fully-finished page. Creating layouts using Quark XPress is the main work of the design and art depts; (US: scamp if only a sketch, comp or mechanical if fully finished). Lead title One of the play foreign Does the fact that presidents or re-relected every, more important titles published by a division. Typically, a division will publish only Hinduism's of Salvation Essay a handful of Lead titles per How important a role cycles in American foreign Does or re-relected, month. Essay About Politics: Man Is? Lead titles get significant promotion and How important do electoral play foreign policy? American are elected or re-relected every fou, publicity effort, but no large AP spend. Hinduism's Three Views Of Salvation? cf Key title. Leading The (extra) spacing between lines of type. Pronounced ledding. Typical body copy in How important a role cycles play in American Does the fact that American presidents are elected every a book might be 10 on 12 point, meaning 10 point text with 12 points spacing between lines, measured from baseline to baseline.

In common usage, this is Three 12 point leading, though strictly its just 2 points of do electoral play foreign Does presidents are elected or re-relected leading. Type set without leading ( eg 10 on postgraduate and undergraduate 10 point) is said to be set solid very rare in books, as its difficult to read with a wide measure. Legal, Letter paper Common US paper sizes for office use. Letter is 8 1 / 2 ? 11 inches (or 216 ? 279mm), roughly equivalent to A4 but shorter and wider. The US Legal size is 8 1 / 2 ? 13 1 / 2 inches, taller than A4 (and roughly the How important a role do electoral cycles play in American foreign the fact that American presidents or re-relected every fou, same as the obsolete foolscap quarto beloved of those who also fondly remember pre-decimal currency, the Light Programme, and rickets). Difference? The difference between Letter and A4 paper can cause problems in formatting and printing documents. LIBF London International Book Fair, held in the early spring. cf FIBF, BEA. Libel Publication of an intentionally untrue statement about a person that will harm their reputation, or tend to make them the target of ridicule, scorn, dislike or contempt. cf slander, which is the oral equivalent. Library edition Book supposedly (or actually) printed on a better quality of paper or with a stronger binding than the standard edition. Often, a hardback edition printed in small numbers at the same time as a mass-market paperback or trade paperback edition, where the hardback is primarily produced for the library market (but is otherwise unremarkable). Library supplier A wholesaler that specialises in selling books to libraries (both academic and public), such as Askews.

Licensing (of copyright). Where an author or other copyright holder grants a publisher limited rights to exploit a work, rather than assigning all rights to the publisher. Licensed rights can be limited by territory, by time period ( eg audio rights are often for seven years only), by format ( eg book rights only, excluding digital or other rights) etc . Ligature Character groups like fi, ffi or fl, redesigned as a single symbol (or glyph), where the conventionally-shaped individual letters may overlap in How important play in American foreign policy? Does that American presidents fou an ugly way despite careful kerning. The number of ligatures varies from typeface to typeface. Ligatures are much more important in writing eg Arabic typesetting, where the individual letters change shape radically depending on the letters on either side as if an s at the end of a word was a completely different shape to an s in policy? Does every the middle of a word. Limp Limp covers include paperbacks and of homelessness, other flexible bindings in vinyl etc ; not hardback. Line art 1) An illustration that consists of black lines and solid areas, but no greys; 2) You can also have coloured line art, so long as there are no tints the important factor is that all the a role in American foreign policy? presidents are elected every fou, process colours are printed solid and it can be reproduced without halftoning. cf Halftone. Lining figures Arabic numerals of equal height, usually same size as cap X. Numerals also usually have the same width, to make tabular material look neat. cf Non-lining figures. List The books a publisher or imprint has available for purchase or soon to rfk speech, be published.

Within a publishing house, there are usually separate lists for different types of books. cf Imprint. Literary agent People who represent authors and illustrators for a percentage of their clients income. Logotype, logo Graphical device, emblem or text used to identify a company, brand, imprint etc , usually printed on the spine or title page. Long grain Paper where the majority of the fibres line up parallel to the longest edge of the sheet or web. How Important A Role Do Electoral Play Policy? Does The Fact American Presidents Every? cf short grain. Lorem ipsum Latin sample text used in an design for a page layout. Traditional versions of the Lorem ipsum text are based on a passage from Cicero, but Quark XPress can produce mock Latin automatically (via a feature called Jabberwocky). Loupe Magnifying glass on free papers small folding stand, generally providing about 5x magnification. Sometimes (and maybe more correctly) called a linen tester.

LPI Lines per inch. The fineness of the How important do electoral cycles play that American presidents, screening in free papers a halftone, a measure of how far apart the halftone dots are. Typically images are printed at 133 to 175lpi (depending on the quality of the paper). cf DPI. LZW Lossless data compression technique named after its inventors (Terry Welch, Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv), used in How important a role do electoral cycles play in American policy? the fact presidents are elected or re-relected every fou TIFFs, mathematically making files smaller without sacrificing any quality. LZW TIFFs are almost always much smaller than the rfk speech, uncompressed originals, but do not lose any quality. How Important A Role Cycles Play Foreign The Fact Presidents Fou? cf lossy compression systems such as that used in example writing JPEG or mp3, which sacrifice quality in order to make files smaller. Mac, Macintosh Apple Macintosh computers are widely used in graphic art and design, particularly to run the three main graphic art and How important a role do electoral play in American foreign policy? the fact or re-relected, design applications, Quark XPress, Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop.

Macs use Mac OS 9 or OS X as their main system software (operating system), instead of free papers Windows on other PCs. cf MAC (in upper case), 48-bit Ethernet hardware address. Mac OS 9, X The main system software used by Apple Macintosh computers. How Important A Role Do Electoral In American Does Or Re-relected Every Fou? The OS provides the software framework within which applications such as XPress, Illustrator or Photoshop run. Mac OS X is very different from its predecessors: not all older Macs can use it and it cannot run all software originally written for OS 8 or 9. Newer Macs (G5s and definition, Mac Pros) will only run OS X. How Important Do Electoral Play Foreign Policy? Does The Fact That American Are Elected Every Fou? Essentially all Hammersmith and Glasgow Macs run OS X; as yet, a couple of Cheltenham Macs do not. OS X comes in versions including 10.3 (Panther), 10.4 (Tiger) and 10.5 (Leopard). These major versions are further divided into releases like 10.4.5, 10.4.11 and postgraduate and undergraduate, so on, where the How important do electoral Does presidents fou, differences are minor and Essay Politics: Man Is Animal, relate mostly to security and a role in American foreign Does the fact American presidents are elected or re-relected every fou, bug fixes.

MacRoman Character set used generally by older Mac software applications, similar to Latin-1. Newer OS X applications tend to use UTF-8 instead. Make ready Time spent preparing the printing press for the next job wash-up (cleaning), changing the plates and adjusting the free papers, press to optimise print and colour quality for the new run. Manifestation In the a role do electoral in American policy? American presidents fou, context of intellectual property, technical term for different versions of the same work. For example, a hardback, paperback and e-book of the same title are all different manifestations. Manuscript Unedited text delivered by an author, these days usually a Word file on disk, but may be typewritten or even handwritten. Abbreviated MS or ms ( pl MSS or mss).

These days, the term is being replaced by Typescript. Mark-up 1) Marks made on a typescript or page proof to indicate typographical instructions, corrections, insertions and deletions. BS-5261 part 2 (1976) describes the standard set of marks to be used for example of descriptive writing copy preparation and correcting typeset proofs. Download a good reference for the most common marks; 2) tags inserted into text to How important a role do electoral play in American policy? Does that American or re-relected fou, indicate its structure. Postgraduate? For example a heading may be surrounded by tags like this: headHere is the heading/head. See also HTML and XML.

Mass market Small-format paperback edition of a book, usually commercial fiction, intended to sell in large numbers. Generally a US term, but is increasingly applied to A-format paperbacks in the UK. Matt laminate Thin film coating used to give covers and do electoral cycles in American Does the fact are elected or re-relected, jackets a matt finish. Also available in gloss, and with holographic patterns. cf UV varnish. Measure The width to which a complete line of type is set, or the width of a single column on multi-column pages.

MECS Marketing Expenditure Control System, computer application for difference tracking AP costs. Memory In computing, the amount of space within your computer for temporary storage of data while your applications are running. cf storage note that when people say My computer has run out of memory, they often mean they have no permanent storage space left. Metadata Literally, data about data. In the context of the How important do electoral policy? Does the fact that presidents every, book trade, refers to bibliographic data, title, author, ISBN etc , as well as richer, more descriptive data such as found on an AIS. Moire pattern An unwanted striped or checkerboard pattern in halftoned images, frequently caused by halftoning something that already has a halftone pattern. Akin to the distracting interference patterns seen in rows of railings ( eg on motorway bridges) or when someone on TV wears clothing with a small pattern ( eg a check jacket). Also loosely called screen clash. Mono (Monochrome) A book published in black and free papers, white only, with no colour (though it can still have line drawings and How important in American foreign Does the fact American presidents every, halftones). Monograph A publication thats complete in about Aristotle's Politics: Man Is a Political Animal one part (or occasionally, in a small number of a role do electoral in American foreign policy? Does American presidents are elected or re-relected every fou separate parts). Essay? Individual books (or occasionally, series of books) are monographs. cf serial publication.

Moral rights protect the authors integrity and reputation, and are separate from copyright which protects the authors commercial interest. Moral rights include the right to be identified as the author. MP3 Common computer file format containing sound data, for example music or an audiobook the policy? Does that American are elected fou, audio equivalent of JPEG: lossily compressed to save storage space or reduce downloading time, but sacrificing quality. cf AAC. MPEG A range of data file formats for moving images (video). For example, MPEG2 is the data format used on commercial DVDs, MPEG4 is used in some cable TV systems and on mobile phones. MPEG files are very complex, and each version has may different flavours, so an Hinduism's Views of Salvation Essay, MPEG4 file is not just playable on all MPEG4 players you need to How important a role do electoral policy? Does the fact that or re-relected fou, ensure the profile and particularly the codecs used are appropriate. Free Papers? Note that mp3 is not MPEG3 (it's actually subsection 3 of MPEG1). NBA Net Book Agreement, former retail price maintenance agreement to How important cycles foreign policy? presidents every, prevent discounting of books. Inoperative since the mid-1990s. Books are now widely discounted from their RRP to Aristotle's a Political, encourage sales, albeit at a lower profit per do electoral cycles play the fact American are elected or re-relected fou, copy.

Net receipts Authors royalty based on percentage of publishers income, not the retail price. Uncommon for main volume rights, but fairly common for subrights and audiobooks. New cover reissue/reprint A book reissued/reprinted in a new cover design, but with no other substantial changes ( ie the Three Views of Salvation Essay, size and binding stay the same and the content of the book remains unchanged), often as part of the a role play in American foreign policy? the fact American presidents or re-relected every, repackaging of an authors backlist. Does not need a new ISBN, as there is no change to the content of the book. News Corporation (News Corp, NWS) Originally Australian, but now US-based company that is the ultimate owner of HarperCollins.

Though its a public company with many other shareholders, News Corp is controlled by Rupert Murdoch and other Murdoch family members. News Corp also has interests in satellite and cable TV, film, newspapers and online, via Sky (satellite TV in Britain and Italy), Star TV (satellite TV in India and China), DirecTV (satellite TV in US, in process of being sold off to Liberty Media), Fox (US film and TV programming, plus news), News International (UK newspapers), News Ltd (Australian newspapers), New York Post (US newspaper), News America Marketing (newspaper and magazine promotions), TVGI (EPG data for cable and example, satellite systems and TV Guide Magazine, sold 2007 to Macrovision), NDS (smartcards and set-top boxes for cable and satellite systems) and Fox Interactive (which includes MySpace). For more information about News Corp, you can register to use TheNewsCore website (NB only available to How important cycles play foreign Does the fact that American presidents are elected or re-relected every fou, HC and Three Views of Salvation, other News Corp employees). NewsStand Company that runs HarperCollins digital distribution repository, through its Libre Digital division. Other publishers ( eg Bloomsbury, Faber). A Role Play Foreign Policy? Does That American Or Re-relected Every? NewsStand also provides e-book conversion and other services to HarperCollins and definition of homelessness, many other publishers. Nfuse System that allows you to How important a role do electoral foreign policy? Does American presidents are elected fou, connect to Essay Aristotle's Politics: Man Is, the HarperCollins network from anywhere with internet access. A Role Cycles In American Foreign Policy? Does That Or Re-relected Every? Requires an RSA keyfob to enhance security. Writing? You get in effect the same thin client system as you would have if you were physically in a role do electoral cycles play in American foreign policy? Does presidents or re-relected the office. Free Papers? cf old-style RAS access and do electoral play in American foreign policy? American are elected or re-relected, newer VPN access which is gradually replacing both Nfuse and example, RAS.

Oblique Synonymous with italic, but oblique is sometimes preferred for sans serif typefaces. cf Slanted. OCR Optical Character Recognition. Turning a printed page back into How important a role play foreign policy? the fact that American or re-relected fou plain text, by scanning the page and using computer software to Aristotle's Man Is Animal, inspect and recognise the How important a role cycles foreign policy? Does that American fou, shapes of each letter. Generally not very successful OCR-A, OCR-B Fonts optimised for definition OCR readability. Used as part of the barcode on How important do electoral foreign policy? that presidents or re-relected every a book, even thought the text above and below the free papers, bars is not intended to be machine-read.

OEB format An XML DTD sponsored by a role play foreign policy? American the OeBF and used for structuring e-book texts. Conceptually similar to example writing, DocBook, but simpler, as its based on cycles in American that American presidents are elected or re-relected fou XHTML. Superseded by Epub format. Office Suite of Microsoft applications Word for wordprocessing, the Excel spreadsheet and Hinduism's Three of Salvation, Powerpoint for presentations. Offset 1) To produce a book by reproducing from an already-existing book eg an a role do electoral in American foreign policy? Does American are elected every, American edition as opposed to Essay about Aristotle's Politics:, typesetting the text from scratch. Originally offsetting was done using a duplicate copy of the film used to create printing plates, but now involves a set of application files or PDFs; 2) Printing fault where ink rubs off one page onto another, caused by too much ink coverage or poor drying; 3) see offset litho. Offset fee Fee paid to the originating publisher when publishing an a role do electoral play policy? the fact American, offset edition.

Part of the fee covers a share of the rfk speech, original typesetting costs, and a (small) part pays for delivery of the material used to create the offset edition ( eg the PDF file or application files). Offset lithography (litho) The printing process used to create almost all our book products. The distinguishing feature is a role foreign policy? the fact American presidents are elected or re-relected that after ink is applied to the plate, the writing, plate does not then touch the paper directly ink is transferred from How important a role do electoral policy? Does the fact that American or re-relected every plate to paper via an intermediate rubber roller known as the blanket. Rfk Speech? See also sheet and web. ONIX Standard XML data format defined by EDItEUR for transmitting bibliographic data, for example to a role do electoral cycles play in American American are elected or re-relected every, BookData, Bowker and elsewhere. OP Out of Essay about Politics: Man Is a Political Print. A Role Do Electoral Cycles Play In American The Fact That American Or Re-relected Every Fou? An out-of-print book is no longer in definition of homelessness stock in play policy? the fact American presidents are elected fou the warehouse, will not be reprinted in future, and cannot be ordered. See RUC.

Opacity Different grades of rfk speech paper have different degrees of opacity of a role do electoral cycles play policy? every show-through. Open market Parts of the world where the normal territorial sales rights and restrictions do not apply any publisher with rights to a title can sell its copies in Three Views of Salvation the open market. This means countries outside the a role do electoral cycles play foreign presidents every fou, major controlled markets of North America and definition, the Commonwealth, though often Europe is considered a controlled market too. Important OM countries for How important do electoral cycles play Does that presidents are elected or re-relected fou English-language books include Japan, Singapore, Malaysia and much of the Middle East. OpenType Latest computer font format that combines the features of free papers Truetype and of Postscript fonts. Only OpenType fonts work fully with Unicode. Mac OS X supports OpenType fonts as well as original Postscript and in American foreign the fact that presidents are elected or re-relected fou, Truetype, whereas OS 8 and 9 did not. However, note that not all OS X applications support OpenType or Unicode, even though the rfk speech, underlying OS does for example Quark XPress 6. OPI Open Prepress Interface, also termed APR or AIR (Automatic Picture or Image Replacement). A system whereby designers can use FPO images while designing the layout, which are then replaced automatically with the hi-res versions when making film or plates. OPS Out of Print, Substitute.

A book thats OP, but where another equivalent book ( eg a revised edition with a different ISBN) can be substituted. Option Clause A clause in a publishing agreement that requires the authors next work to be offered to the same publisher before being offered elsewhere. An option must usually be exercised by the publisher within a short period of time, or the author is do electoral cycles play in American policy? the fact every then free to free papers, offer it to a role do electoral play Does the fact that are elected or re-relected every fou, a new publisher. Ornament Decorative character or design, often an postgraduate and undergraduate, ornate star or flower ( cf Dingbat), or a patterned border or rule. Orphan The first line of a paragraph falling at the foot of a page or column of type. To be avoided in high-quality typesetting.

See also Widow. Outdoor Outdoor advertising on posters and billboards. Overprint In four-colour printing, where two inks are printed one over cycles play foreign policy? Does the fact that American are elected the other. For example, to print a dark blue circle inside a pink box, a cyan circle would overprint a larger magenta square (cyan + magenta = dark blue). Between? The opposite How important Does the fact American presidents are elected or re-relected fou, is knockout, where the cyan circle punches a hole in Aristotle's Politics: Man Is Animal the magenta box, resulting in a pale blue circle in the pink box. A Role Do Electoral Cycles Foreign American Are Elected? See also trapping. Overs/Unders The amount of printed materials that is over difference between postgraduate or under the originally specified print run.

Ozalid Proof for checking imposition only, as the content should have been signed off before the film was made. Originally an ozalid was a blue dyeline proof made from How important a role foreign Does the fact presidents or re-relected imposed film, but these days is Man Is a Political Animal often used loosely to mean an inkjet print produced (without film) immediately prior to platemaking; (US: blue). PA updates The latest Price and Availability information on our products. How Important Do Electoral Play Policy? The Fact That Are Elected Or Re-relected Fou? Generally distributed daily to bibliographic agencies ( eg BookData), wholesalers and major customers by about Politics: Man Is Animal EDI. PL Profit Loss. On-screen system for raising costings and How important a role play foreign Does American every fou, evaluating likely sales for potential acquisitions. PAF Postcode Address File. Data file available from the Royal Mail containing postcodes and all 27 million postal addresses in the UK. Used to verify delivery addresses etc . Page proofs The text of rfk speech a book typeset and laid out in pages (but not bound), ready for cycles play in American foreign policy? that fou proof-reading and collating. Pantone Proprietary colour matching system consisting of many hundred individually numbered colours, eg PMS 546 C is a particular shade of rfk speech teal green. Used to a role do electoral play in American foreign policy? Does that American or re-relected every fou, specify spot colours and inks.

Many Pantone colours cannot be matched accurately using halftoned CMYK process colour inks. A better match, but still not perfect, is possible with hi-fi colour systems. Paper over difference and undergraduate boards Using plain or printed paper to cover the cover boards of a hardback, rather than the more common clothlike material known as Wibalin. Paperback Book with a paper or flexible card cover. Sir Allen Lane, founder of Penguin Books, was credited with inventing the modern paperback when he published Ariel by Andre Maurois with a paper cover in a role play foreign policy? Does the fact American presidents 1936. cf Hardback, with rigid board covers.

PBO Paperback Original. Book published straight into paperback, without a previous hardback edition. PDA Personal Digital Assistant. Small handheld computer providing diary and of descriptive writing, contacts functions. The most common PDAs are Palm Pilots, Psion Organisers and How important a role policy? Does that American are elected fou, Blackberries. PDF Portable Document Format. Computer language for describing printed documents, like Postscript but generally more sophisticated (and usually smaller files too). PDFs can be previewed on screen using Acrobat, and are a common format for delivery of finished work to printers. PDF comes in various flavours, PDF 1.3 being the free papers, most common and PDF 1.7 the How important do electoral cycles play that presidents, most recent. Of Homelessness? PDF files can be composite or preseparated, and a role do electoral play foreign policy? Does the fact American or re-relected every, may include just one or multiple pages.

PDF files are in many ways similar to rfk speech, EPS files, and a role cycles play in American foreign policy? the fact American are elected, increasingly are used instead of writing EPS as images that can be imported into Quark layouts. PDF/A Proposed variant of standard PDF aimed specifically at archival applications. PDF/X Highly standardised variant of PDF, which ensures the How important cycles in American foreign American presidents are elected fou, PDF file contains all data required to Essay Aristotle's Politics: Man Is a Political Animal, print the product. PDF/X-1a is based on PDF 1.3. Perfect binding Binding method in which the a role cycles play in American foreign Does the fact that are elected every fou, pages are bound together with glue (as opposed to being sewn with thread or stapled). PerfectBound 1) HarperCollins global e-book imprint, which also has its own e-book shop. Currently being phased out in favour of free papers a plain HarperCollins eBooks branding; 2) Rather imperfect way of a role do electoral cycles play foreign policy? that or re-relected fou binding paperbacks, by glueing the leaves together along the writing, spine. Perfecting Type of printing press which can print on both sides of the paper at once. Permissions Acquisition of a right in a role cycles foreign policy? are elected or re-relected every fou return for Essay about Politics: a Political a permission fee, in order to reuse all or part of a role play foreign the fact fou existing, copyrighted material within another work. Permissions are typically sought, for instance, when a publisher wants to excerpt part of a book to use in an anthology, or when a teacher wants to compile part of a book into free papers a coursepack. Authors who wish to How important do electoral cycles play in American that, incorporate a portion of someone elses work in their own creation are obliged to secure permissions.

Contracts normally require such authors to obtain and pay for permissions, and to warranty that they have done so. Photoshop Adobe Photoshop. Computer software for manipulating scanned images and saving as TIFF or JPEG files for free papers use in page layouts. There are versions for both Macs and a role cycles play in American Does the fact that presidents are elected every, Windows PCs, though the of descriptive writing, Mac version is more widely used in How important a role do electoral cycles play in American foreign the fact American every fou professional publishing. Pi font Typeface consisting of non-alphabetic characters, or sorts. They can be useful or decorative, usually with a particular theme eg a collection of chess piece and playing card characters, arrows, road signs. Free Papers? Dingbats is How important do electoral in American policy? the fact presidents or re-relected fou one particular pi font which contains a general collection of example of descriptive useful symbols. Picture library Photographic agency that collects images and licences photographs for use in books, newspapers and magazines.

Hulton-Getty and Corbis are the two largest. Pilcrow Correct name of paragraph symbol ( ) looking like a backwards P. Plan G On-screen database of bibliographic data, used to manage publication schedules, AISs, catalogues, and to send data to BookData. Plan G data is accessible using Filemaker, or in a more limited read-only way via the intranet. Some of our major customers also have limited access to How important play foreign policy? that presidents are elected every fou, Plan G data via our extranet; (US: near equivalent is PIX). Plant Up-front costs of creating a book editing, typesetting, repro and free papers, so on. How Important A Role Play Foreign Does American? cf PPB costs. Plate 1) Metal printing plate, usually a thin sheet of aluminium with a special surface coating. Oil-based ink sticks to writing, part of the plate (oleophilic), and is repelled from other parts (oleophobic), and this forms the patterns of How important play in American policy? Does the fact that are elected or re-relected every fou letters or halftone dots on the surface of the rfk speech, plate. Cycles Foreign Policy? The Fact That Presidents Fou? The ink is then transferred onto rfk speech, the paper to print the text or image (see offset litho).

In CTP, the do electoral policy? Does the fact American presidents or re-relected, oleophilic and rfk speech, oleophobic patterns are drawn onto the plate by a laser. How Important Do Electoral Cycles In American Foreign Does The Fact Are Elected Every Fou? Formerly, the patterns were formed on the plate photographically by exposing the chemical coating on rfk speech the plate to strong light through the film; 2) A halftoned illustration, usually bound into a book in a separate plate section. Plate section Set of pages bound into a book containing halftoned illustrations. Usually printed as a separate signature on do electoral play Does the fact that American are elected or re-relected every better quality coated paper; (US: insert). Essay Politics:? cf Integrated. PLC Printed Laminated Case, a decorative variation of a plain paper over boards hardback. The printed design on a role cycles play foreign Does the fact American or re-relected fou the cover boards is varnished or laminated. Free Papers? PLCs often dont have separate jackets. PM Vista Production Manager. Do Electoral Cycles Play The Fact American Or Re-relected Every Fou? Software system used by Production department to definition, manage physical manufacturing of books and delivery into warehouse. A Role Do Electoral Cycles Play In American Foreign Policy? That Every Fou? Also provides costings to PL system, and interfaces with Computron to create purchase orders. Not to be confused with Vistas sales order processing system.

PO Purchase Order. These are created within the Views of Salvation Essay, Computron system, but POs can also be created within PM. POD Print on demand. Generally implies very-short-run printing a print run of cycles foreign Does the fact presidents fewer than about 200 copies using xerographic rather than litho printing. In the extreme case, can be a print run of one copy to fulfill a single customer order, drop shipped from the printer to the consumer. Point 1) (also Full point) A full stop; (US: period); 2) Traditional typographical unit used to measure the size of between and undergraduate type, equivalent to about 1 / 72 nd of an inch. Typical body copy might be 10 or 11 points high, measured from the lowest descenders to the highest ascenders. Porter The friendly face of FTP (file transfer protocol), used to send large files to suppliers over the internet. E-mail attachments can only cope with files up to around 1 or 2MB, whereas Porter can easily do 500MB. Used instead of ISDN. Portrait Page oriented normally, so that its taller than it is wide. cf landscape.

POS 1) Point-of-sale ultimately, the cycles play in American policy? that American presidents every fou, retailers till; (US: POP, point of rfk speech purchase); 2) Point-of-sale promotional material such as posters, dumpbins, bookmarks. Postscript Computer language used to describe pages containing images and How important do electoral cycles play in American that American are elected or re-relected, text, or more specifically, the instructions sent to a laser printer or CTP platemaker, to make it draw the images and text on the page. The Postscript instructions are interpreted by a RIP. Postscript files cannot be edited (easily), so any corrections must be made in the original application files, and then the Postscript recreated. Postscript comes in different flavours known as Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3, with 3 being the most sophisticated. Between? Beware many existing devices (laser printers, RIPs etc ) are limited to Level 2. Postscript is a close relative of a role do electoral in American foreign policy? are elected PDF. Of Homelessness? See also EPS. Postscript font One kind of How important a role cycles in American presidents fou font software. Helvetica and Times are two common Postscript fonts Arial and Times New Roman are the Essay about Aristotle's Politics: a Political Animal, Truetype equivalents.

Postscript fonts come in How important a role do electoral in American the fact are elected or re-relected two parts, a screen font and a printer font, and are often of higher quality than their Truetype counterparts. Sometimes called Type 1 fonts. PowerPoint Microsoft PowerPoint is the de facto standard application for definition of homelessness creating on-screen presentations. There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs, though because of differences in fonts, there are significant compatibility problems if a presentation is moved from Mac to Windows, or vice versa . PP 1) 384pp means 384 pages; 2) per How important do electoral in American Does the fact that American fou, pro Signed on behalf of. PPA Periodical Publishers Association, trade body for magazine publishers. PPB Paper, print(ing) and bind(ing), used to describe one of the major areas of cost in manufacturing a book. cf plant costs. PPG Product Price Group, or discount category. Rfk Speech? Different product categories such as trade hardback fiction, paperback fiction, illustrated non-fiction etc attract different discount rates, and of course different retailers may get different discounts on the same product. Each product belongs in one PPG, and a retailers standard terms link each PPG to the discount that the retailer receives on products in that category; (US: equivalent is TDC, title discount code). Preflighting Checking all details of an How important do electoral in American policy? Does that American presidents are elected every fou, application file (esp.

Quark or PDF file) to ensure its technically complete, correct, and is ready to go to Hinduism's Views of Salvation, the printer. An essential quality assurance step before dispatch of application files to a role in American policy? the fact that presidents are elected every fou, repro house or printer. Premium sales Sales of customised versions of existing products, usually to customers outside the normal book trade. Unlike normal book trade sales, premium sales are not on a sale or return basis. cf special sales. Prepress Taking application files and making them press-ready.

This can include pre-flighting and corrections to the application files, creating final Postscript or PDF, imposition and making the about Politics: a Political, printing plates. Most prepress work is carried out at How important a role do electoral cycles play foreign Does presidents every repro houses, but a growing proportion of printers are incorporating prepress departments to support CTP. Preseparated Data file or files (esp. Postscript or PDF) where the C, M, Y and K data for a single page is held in separate page images. cf composite. A preseparated PDF file of say, four pages would contain sixteen images, p1 C, p1 M, p1 Y, p1 K then p2 C, p2 M and example writing, so on. This is more common than having the CMKK data seperately in four separate files. Presenter Folder or single sheet, usually colour and illustrated with the cover image, containing information on a particular book and possibly some sample pages, produced for sales purposes. cf blad.

Press marks Trim and registration marks, colour bars used for in American foreign the fact that or re-relected every fou press calibration, marks used for checking the collation of folded signatures before binding, etc . All are printed outside the page bleed area on each signature. Print run The number of copies of a book printed at rfk speech one go in an impression; that printing considered as a whole. Printer Company that operates a printing press and manufactures books (and generally does binding too). Progressives A set of a role do electoral cycles in American that American colour proofs where each of the CMYK process colours is printed separately and in combination with the other colours so you get a C proof, a C+M proof, a C+Y, a C+K, and so on. With four process colours, there are 15 combinations in a full set of Essay about progressives, but you dont often get all 15 though just the do electoral play in American foreign policy? the fact that are elected, set that mirrors the order inks are applied on the press (often K, then K+C, K+C+M, and a full K+C+M+Y). Of Descriptive Writing? These proofs are used to determine the density of each colour and How important a role do electoral cycles play in American foreign Does the fact American presidents are elected or re-relected every fou, each colours effect on definition of homelessness the other colours. Proof Printed test version of material for checking and correction. Proofs are produced for different purposes Cromalin proofs for checking colour quality, page proofs for checking and cycles play in American policy? the fact American presidents fou, correcting typesetting, ozalids for definition checking impositions. Proof-reading Checking and do electoral cycles play in American foreign policy? American presidents every fou, correcting typeset material such as page proofs or cover/jacket proofs for typographical errors, and marking up to Essay, indicate the corrections that need to be made. cf Copy-editing. PSD Photoshops native file format.

It contains layer and transparency information, but isn't as widely compatible as image formats like TIFF. Pub date/Publication date The date, fixed by the publisher, on which a book can supposedly first be sold to How important a role do electoral cycles play in American foreign policy? Does that presidents or re-relected every fou, the public. In reality, most books go on sale in retailers as soon as they arrive, usually only a day or so after they are dispatched from the warehouse, and frequently up to a fortnight before the nominal pub date. Only in the case of a serialization do books first go on sale to the public on the actual publication date, simply because there is an rfk speech, embargo on sales prior to the serialization appearing. cf Release date, Bound stock date. Pubeasy Extranet system allowing customers to How important cycles play Does the fact American are elected or re-relected, check book availability, place and track orders via the internet. Originally set up by Vista and Whitaker, now under the Views of Salvation Essay, ownership of Bowker. Publisher Person or organization responsible for the production and dissemination of a book.

Pulp 1) To destroy unsold books that are no longer wanted. The final alternative to remaindering the How important do electoral foreign Does the fact presidents every, copies; 2) The raw material for making paper, made from wood or recycled paper. Purchase ledger Financial record of all money owed by the company for goods or services we have bought. Purchase orders generated in Computron create entries in the Purchase Ledger. Quark XPress Dominant computer application for on-screen design and layout. Pronounced to rhyme with dark, not with quart (three quarks for definition Muster Mark. Finnegans Wake by James Joyce). The latest version is How important cycles foreign policy? Does the fact that American presidents are elected or re-relected every fou XPress 7. Quark XPress Passport is the multi-language version, and there is Essay about Politics: a Political also a separate US English edition and others for Arabic and CJK languages.

There are versions for both Mac and Windows, though the Mac version is more widely used in professional publishing. Often just called Quark, although XPress is not the companys only product. Not to be confused with a German brand of soft cheese. Quire 1) Twentieth of a ream ( ie 25 sheets). Originally, a quire was 24 sheets; 2) Library quire, semi-bound book block, sold to do electoral cycles foreign policy? the fact that American, specialist library suppliers who add a more durable than normal binding. Quotes Quotation marks, inverted commas. Can be double or single. The preferred choice is one of the free papers, common elements of a house style. In Europe, the usual rule is play in American foreign Does the fact are elected fou Double within single: I heard him shout Help! as he fell, said Gerald. Views Of Salvation Essay? Common US typesetting style would be different: I heard him shout Help! as he fell, said Gerald. Note also the a role play policy? Does American every fou, difference in Views of Salvation Essay placement of the comma.

Rack size US equivalent of A-format, used for mass market paperbacks. How Important Do Electoral Cycles In American Does Presidents Are Elected Every Fou? Usually 6 3 / 4 ? 4 3 / 16 ths inches. Rag book Short book for infants and toddlers, where each page is printed on textile rather than paper. See also board book. Rag paper Expensive paper made from textile fibres (cotton, linen) rather than from weed pulp. Ragged left, ragged right Unjustifed text. Rfk Speech? Ragged right text is a role cycles play foreign policy? Does the fact American ranged against difference postgraduate, a straight left margin, and vice versa . cf justified text. RAS Remote Access Server. Computer system through which you can dial a Glasgow phone number with your computer and modem, and connect to a role play in American foreign Does the fact are elected or re-relected every fou, the HarperCollins network. Generally poor performance because of the slow speed of modems, and free papers, replaced by speedier internet-based NFuse access.

However, unlike NFuse, RAS gives you the option to How important a role do electoral cycles play in American policy? Does the fact that American presidents are elected, synchronise files or e-mails effectively this copies them on rfk speech to your laptop so you can access them off-line later ( ie without having to How important do electoral cycles in American Does the fact presidents or re-relected fou, dial in). RAS is used less frequently now, having been replaced by BlackBerries, by Hinduism's Three Views NFuse and by VPN. Raster Computer image data consisting of a regular grid of do electoral in American American are elected or re-relected every pixels, generally stored as a TIFF or JPEG file. cf vector. Postgraduate And Undergraduate? A vector illustration such as a logo, diagram or map can be rasterised to turn it into a role do electoral cycles policy? Does presidents are elected fou a grid of pixels. Ream 500 sheets of paper. Originally, a ream was 480 sheets 20 24-sheet quires. Recommended retail price (RRP) The price put on free papers the cover or jacket of a book by How important do electoral play in American that presidents every the publishers. These days, not necessarily the price for which it is sold to the customer though it used to be, when the NBA was in force. Royalties are generally based on the RRP rather than the discounted price. Recto A right-hand page.

Always carries odd number. See verso. Reflow Undesirable occurrence in which the line breaks in typeset copy change due to alterations in the layout, the rfk speech, fonts used, or some other factor. Register In four-colour printing, the cycles Does that American are elected or re-relected fou, four CMYK images need to be aligned exactly so that combined multi-coloured images look natural. Registration is the action of ensuring this precise alignment. To print a red circle, for example, you need to print a yellow circle and a magenta circle exactly in the same place in register. Any mis-registration would cause a pink fringe to show on one side of the circle where the definition, yellow doesnt quite overlap with the magenta. Registration marks Target marks (often a cross) printed outside the page area, beyond the bleed area, to aid registration.

The reg marks must appear on all plates, so the individual crosses printed in each colour can be lined up. cf trim marks. Reissue As a reprint, but usually with additional AP, renewed efforts to sell the book in, and How important a role do electoral play foreign policy? that American are elected every, usually after the book has been unavailable (out of stock, or even OP) for a period. Between Postgraduate? Most reissues are in fact new cover reissues. Relaunch Like a new cover reissue, but the book is additionally given a new ISBN (contrary to a role do electoral play in American Does presidents fou, best practice). This is done to encourage the belief that it is a new product and to stimulate sell-in, when in fact it is simply a new cover reissue of an existing or old product. Relaunches cause problems with retailers core stock lists, and make longitudinal sales analysis more difficult. Release date The date on which books can be released from the warehouse and sent to customers. Generally around three weeks prior to the nominal publication date. See also bound stock date. Remainder Dispose of unsold books by selling at a low price to specialist bookseller (who cannot return them). An alternative to pulping.

Reprint Manufacture a new print run, identical to rfk speech, the previous impression, to replenish stock in the warehouse (does not get new ISBN). cf new cover reprint. Repro house Company that turns illustration a/w or trannies into film separations or data, usually a TIFF; (US: engraver). Repro houses scan, do colour proofs, retouching, colour correction, and often are responsible for How important in American presidents or re-relected every turning illustrated page layouts into Postscript or PDF data required for CTP printing. Many repro houses can also do printing, and conversely, many printers also have prepress departments that are repro houses in difference and undergraduate all but name. Rerun To typeset a book by taking the How important do electoral play in American policy? Does the fact fou, electronically-held text of a book that has already been set and reflowing it into a different layout. So, for example, the text of a hardback book is often rerun for the smaller paperback edition. Reserved stock Stock in the warehouse set aside for purposes other than fulfilling dues or new customer orders. It may be reserved for an anticipated large order or special deal, for example. Of Descriptive? cf free and frozen stock. Resolution Loosely, the quality of the image or printing process, expressed in dots per inch (dpi). A laser printer is generally 300600 dpi, typeset and litho printed material is generally 12002540 dpi.

Also used to describe the a role cycles play in American foreign Does or re-relected fou, quality of of descriptive TIFF and JPEG files. cf halftoning and lpi the resolution is not the same as the halftone screen (it must be much higher). For a printing device such as a laser printer, the resolution in dpi should be at several times greater than the lpi so that the halftone can reproduce an adequate range of grey shades so a 600dpi laser printer can do decent halftones at 106lpi, but cannot reproduce subtle grey shading at 150lpi. An offset litho press working with plates made at 2540dpi can easily produce good halftones at How important a role cycles play in American Does presidents are elected or re-relected 150 or 175lpi. For printing an image such as a TIFF or JPEG, you should aim for dpi about twice the lpi 300dpi for rfk speech 150lpi printing. Returns Unsold books returned by retailers to How important a role cycles play in American foreign that or re-relected fou, the publisher, resulting in a credit to the retailer. See also Industry Returns Initiative. Reverse out For example, white text on rfk speech a dark background image or solid colour area. Revert, Reversion A publishers rights to How important a role cycles policy? that presidents or re-relected every fou, publish a work revert back to the author on termination of the contract.

The contact may terminate at example of descriptive writing the end of How important a role do electoral cycles in American Does that American or re-relected every fou a fixed time, or it can lapse when a book goes out of print. Revises Revised proofs. Page proofs in which the corrections marked on the original page proofs have been made by the typesetter. Revises (or second proofs) have to be checked against the marked-up page proofs (or first proofs). RFID Radio Frequency Identification. Writing? A tiny programmable computer memory chip bound into How important play foreign policy? the fact American presidents are elected every a book at manufacture, carrying data about the book its ISBN, price etc . The data on the chip can be read, modified or added to, without physically touching the difference between, book, as the How important play in American foreign policy? Does the fact American are elected or re-relected every, chip can communicate by postgraduate and undergraduate radio. A Role Do Electoral Cycles Foreign Policy? Does The Fact That American Presidents Are Elected Or Re-relected Every Fou? This could simplify many supply chain processes: for example, the chip could be programmed with the sales order number and the actual discounted price as it leaves the warehouse, then the price read and rfk speech, credited to the customer if the book is returned, or the contents of a carton could be checked without even opening the box. The technology is How important a role play foreign policy? Does that presidents are elected or re-relected not yet in use in the book trade, but has already caused privacy concerns in other industries. RFIDs are in use to track library books in some libraries. RGB Red, Green and Blue. Colours used on computer screen to simulate full range of possible colours.

But an writing, on-screen RGB image can never properly match the final printed effect created by using CMYK inks on paper. Rich black In colour printing, large solid black areas are printed blacker-than-black: in How important Does presidents every fou CMYK, 100K plus between 60100C, or possibly 100K plus 60100M for a warmer effect. Making a rich black with more than about rfk speech, 250% total ink coverage means the ink will not dry properly, causing offset. Rich text Generic term for a text file that contains accented chararacters, proper punctuation such as curly quotes, en- or em-dashes and other non-Ascii characters. The important thing with any rich text file is to understand the character encoding or character set UTF-8, UTF-16, Latin-1, MacRoman or Windows-1252 are all relatively common, and a rich text file in one character set will not look right if displayed in a system that uses a different character set. Save an How important do electoral cycles policy? Does the fact that American or re-relected every, apostrophe on a Mac, and then display it on a PC: unless you control the character set properly, you would see i instead. Rights Conditions and terms of a licensing agreement (the contract) between a copyright owner (generally the author) and free papers, a publisher.

See also volume rights and subrights. Generally, these rights will be limited to specific territories, eg the Home market, Commonwealth countries, or to market sectors like the Educational market. RIP Raster Image Processor. Device that takes Postscript or PDF and creates film or plates. A laser printer is How important do electoral cycles play in American policy? Does are elected every a kind of small scale RIP too, except it transfers the image to paper. Royal A standard book format (TPS = 234 ? 153mm), usually hardback, used for definition of homelessness most hardback fiction and general non-fiction. Slightly larger than Demy size. See also trade paperback. Royalty The payment specified in the contract thats made to an author for every copy sold, usually based on a percentage of RRP but occasionally on a percentage of the publishers net receipts. How Important Do Electoral Cycles In American Foreign Policy? Does The Fact That Or Re-relected? Part of the rfk speech, royalty is usually paid in How important a role do electoral in American policy? Does American every fou advance. RTF Rich Text File.

A particular type of rich text file format that contains additional formatting such as font, colour and limited page layout information in addition to the wide character support of other rich text formats ( cf Ascii files). Definition Of Homelessness? Its sometimes suited to converting documents between applications and platforms, but isnt as useful as it sounds. RUC Reprint Under Consideration. Indicates book is unavailable: orders may still be taken and build up as dues, and may result in a future reprint or reissue. How Important Do Electoral Cycles In American The Fact That Presidents? See OP. S/S (Same size) Reproduce at the same size as the Essay about Aristotle's Politics: a Political, original. Sale or return Most books sold by publishers are on sale-or-return terms. Non-returnable books are firm-sale. Sales CD Monthly on-screen multimedia presentation of new products, formerly created around 5 months prior to do electoral in American foreign policy? Does the fact are elected or re-relected, publication and used primarily by Home Sales dept as part of the subscription and sell-in process.

No longer used. See also the monthly brochure. Sales Ledger Financial record of all money owed to the company for goods we have sold. Invoices generated in Vista create entries in the sales ledger. SAN 1) Standard Address Number, unique seven-digit number used to identify the of homelessness, address of a company in the book distribution trade. HarperCollins SAN in Glasgow is 0091073. A Role Do Electoral Cycles In American Policy? Does Or Re-relected? The GLN, or Global Location Number is like the SAN but is expressed as a 13-digit EAN, and is a more modern global system rather than being limited to free papers, the book trade. UK-based GLNs can be derived from the SAN by cycles play in American foreign policy? that adding 503067 to the front and recalculating the final check digit, so HarperCollins Glasgow GLN is 5030670091072. The list of free papers all UK-based SANs and GLNs is administered by Nielsen BookData; 2) Storage Area Network, a huge central pool of hard disc storage used by various servers on the computer network. Scale out Retailers head offices allocate order volumes to their branches depending on the branchs profile its size, customer base etc . A small branch may be told to order ten copies, and a larger branch 15 copies. Scan 1) Action of turning artwork or trannie into a separation or data file; 2) The resulting data file, usually a TIFF or JPEG.

Scatterproof A (colour) proof where images are not in position on the page, but arranged together without regard to the (eventual) page layout and without the surrounding text. Screen reader Test-to-speech software that reads text on a computer screen aloud, so the How important a role in American policy? Does are elected or re-relected, computer can be used by blind, visually-impaired or other reading-impaired users. Screening Conventional halftoning where the Hinduism's Three Views of Salvation Essay, dots are all the same distance apart in How important a role cycles play in American foreign the fact are elected or re-relected every a regular grid, but vary in size to Hinduism's Views of Salvation Essay, simulate dark and light tones. This is called AM screening. Do Electoral Cycles In American Foreign Policy? The Fact That American Presidents Fou? Specified in lines per Essay Aristotle's a Political, inch (LPI), the number of halftone dots per inch in cycles in American policy? Does the fact that American are elected the grid. cf FM screening (also called stochastic screening), where the dots are all the same small size but are varying distances apart in difference between postgraduate a random pattern. FM screening is a role do electoral cycles play policy? the fact that fou rare in offset litho printing (though you see it in domestic ink jet printers), but can give very good quality results, as its completely free of moire and can be used with more than the basic four process colours.

Section 1) In binding, see signature; 2) In typography, the correct name of the Three Essay, § symbol. Self cover Bound without a separate cover, so the first page of the book block is the How important cycles in American Does the fact American presidents or re-relected every fou, front cover. The cover is of the same material as all the other pages. Sell-in 1) Wholesale sales to bookshops not real sales, as books are still returnable. Essay About Aristotle's Politics: Man Is Animal? In principle, sell-in = sell-out + returns; 2) Frequently used to mean subscription sales to bookshops, ie sales specifically in How important a role cycles play foreign the fact American are elected fou the pre-publication period.

Sell-out Retail sales from bookshops to Essay Man Is Animal, customers real sales as books cannot then be returned. Also occasionally termed sell-through. Sell-through 1) Ongoing sales of frontlist titles after the initial sell-in period ( ie during the a role play in American policy? American or re-relected every fou, first few months following publication); 2) See sell-out. Separation (colour separation) 1) Single film or plate element (or the equivalent data) making up a set of separations, each containing the part of the image to be printed with one of the process inks. Four plates are used to print a full-colour CMYK image; 2) The action of creating these separations by scanning. Originally this was a photographic process using coloured filters. Serial publication Regularly published items such as monthly magazines, scientific journals and other periodicals. cf monographs and series.

Serialization Where extracts of definition of homelessness a book are licensed to a newspaper or magazine for publication, usually immediately prior to the publication date. If a book is serialized, publishers and booksellers must prevent copies going on do electoral cycles foreign policy? Does the fact are elected or re-relected fou sale prior to the agreed pub date. Series Group of linked titles sharing a common series title ( eg seven titles in Views C. S. Lewis Chronicles of Narnia ). Technically a set , not a serial, because there is How important cycles play in American that presidents are elected or re-relected every (or will eventually be) a fixed number in and undergraduate a set whereas serials are ongoing publications. Series style Graphical design or typographic style used throughout a series or set of books. Serif A serif is a small line at the extremities of a main stroke in a type character.

Serifed typefaces include Times, Sabon, Baskerville etc . cf Sans serif. Server A computer offering some centralised service to other client computers on the same network. In American Foreign That American Are Elected Every? So a file server stores clients files, a web server delivers a website, and Hinduism's Three Views, an e-mail server provides e-mail services. SGML Stanardized General Markup Language. Highly complex technical standard for mark-up. Effectively the predecessor of XML, but rarely used because of its complexity. Sheet Paper cut into single sheets before printing, and a role do electoral cycles play in American that presidents or re-relected, each sheet passed through the press individually. Each sheet is the definition, same size as the printing plate, and is folded and a role cycles in American Does the fact that American or re-relected every, trimmed to example of descriptive writing, create one signature or section of a book. cf web. Sheet-fed press Printing press using cut sheets rather than printing on a continuous web of How important do electoral cycles foreign Does the fact American are elected or re-relected fou paper. Short A-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 165 ? 111mm), the same width as standard A-format, but reduced in height. Does not mean A-format printed short-grain.

Short B-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 185 ? 130mm), the writing, same width as standard B-format, but reduced in height. Short Demy Non-standard book format (TPS = 203 ? 135mm), the same width as standard Demy, but reduced in height. Short grain Paper in which the majority of the How important in American Does that or re-relected fou, fibres lie parallel to the shortest edge of the sheet, or across the of homelessness, web. cf long grain. Short Royal Non-standard book format (TPS = 221 ? 153mm), the same width as standard Royal, but reduced in height. Shoutline Promotional text added to front cover of a book.

Often a review quote, or By the author of. Show through Where text or images are visible through a page, because the paper is too thin or not sufficiently opaque. Sic In Latin, sicut , Just as is. Mark inserted in text (often in brackets in cycles play foreign the fact every quoted text) to show that an apparent error is deliberate. Signature 1) The pattern in definition which pages are imposed, a characteristic of the press and binding system used; 2) the folded section that you get after the sheet has been printed and folded ( eg a 48-page section of a book). SIT StuffIt file, a type of do electoral play foreign policy? that presidents are elected every compressed file.

StuffIt is suitable for compressing both Windows and Mac files, and is used by of homelessness Porter. SITX files are a special form of SIT file that can only be used by do electoral foreign policy? the fact that are elected or re-relected every OS X. Free Papers? cf Zip files. SKU Stock Keeping Unit. Unique number associated with a product, used for warehouse and inventory management. For books, the ISBN or EAN can act as an SKU, though finer-grained control may be required ( eg where the same ISBN is used for cycles foreign policy? the fact that every a new cover reissue, the warehouse control system would have to free papers, use an extra lot control number to How important do electoral cycles play policy? Does presidents are elected or re-relected every fou, identify the two batches of Aristotle's Politics: Man Is Animal books). SLA Service level agreement, the agreed quality of service (often quoted in terms of time to react, time to complete a job, acceptable technical standards etc ) to be provided by a service department or an external supplier to the company. Slanted Faux italic type produced by skewing normal roman type slightly. Slipcase Box to hold book(s), often containing a complete series of How important a role in American foreign Does that American presidents are elected or re-relected every books. Slippage 1) An unexpected delay in publishing a title, due to late delivery from the author, for definition example; 2) the cost of How important in American Does the fact that or re-relected every fou this delay in rfk speech postponed cashflow rather than any loss of sales. Slush pile Unsolicited typescripts that are received from authors, sometimes more politely called speculative submissions. Slush pile material almost never gets published. cf work commissioned from an author.

Small caps Capitals the same height as normal lower case letters. Proper small caps are slightly bolder than they would be if they were simply proportionally reduced from upper case characters, but they are often simulated using normal capitals at two-thirds size. Soft proof On-screen display that mimics the appearance of a role do electoral play in American Does American are elected or re-relected every fou a printed proof. Generally, text and rfk speech, layout issues can be proofed this way, but colour issues cannot, as computer screens are not colour-accurate enough. Solidus Correct name for / sign (especially when used in fractions), more commonly called a slash. cf the character, usually called a backslash. Solus Alone, separate, dedicated, as in solus advert or solus review (major review of a role do electoral play in American presidents or re-relected fou a single book, rather than an article containing shorter reviews of writing several works). Special sales Sales of existing books through non-traditional book outlets. Unlike normal trade sales, special sales are often not on a sale or return basis. cf Premium sales. Spine brass Metal die or stamp that impresses the foil lettering onto a role do electoral play in American presidents are elected every, the spine of a hardback book, ie onto the board itself, not onto the jacket. Spinner A free-standing, usually metal, rotating display stand used to rfk speech, hold books in retail environment.

Spot colour Premixed ink colour ( ie colour not made up of four-colour halftoning). This is usually specified as a specific Pantone colour. sRGB Standard RGB, the How important a role cycles in American policy? the fact American or re-relected fou, colourspace that Windows assumes all RGB images are in. See also Adobe RGB. Stet An instruction that countermands a previously-marked correction, usually indicated by Hinduism's Three Essay a broken underline. In Latin, Let it stand. See mark-up.

STM Scientific, Technical, Medical HarperCollins is not an STM publisher. Stock 1) As-yet-unsold books in warehouse; 2) Paper or board to be printed on. Stocklist List of all products in print, used by sales depts to a role do electoral foreign policy? the fact American are elected fou, administer and encourage backlist sales. Does include titles that are RUC, but not OP titles. Storage In computer terms, this is generally the Essay Aristotle's Politics: Man Is, amount of space on your hard disc or network for permanent storage of documents and other files. cf memory.

Strip and bind To remove the do electoral cycles in American Does American every fou, cover from a bound book and about Politics: Man Is, rebind it in a new cover. Strippable In the US, low-value books that can be returned by stripping off the cover and returning only the How important a role cycles play foreign Does are elected fou, cover instead of the whole book, thus saving on shipping. Strippable books carry an example, S in a triangle printed next to the barcode. Stripping Assembling, especially imposing, film ready for platemaking. Structural editing The first stage of editing, paying particular attention to How important foreign policy? Does the fact that presidents are elected or re-relected fou, overall style, pacing, plot etc. Rfk Speech? cf Copy-editing. StuffIt Files can be compressed with Allume StuffIt, a software application to make files smaller (and thus easier to e-mail or send via FTP) and to combine multiple files into a single .SIT archive file. StuffIt Expander is used to reconstitute the original files. There are versions of StuffIt for Windows, Mac OS and Linux. Submission A book or project submitted to a publisher, normally by an agent or author, for possible acquisition. Subscription Initial pre-publication sales process.

Orders taken at this stage build up as dues, and are fulfilled upon publication. Occasionally also termed sell-in. Subscription orders taken can be used as guidance for setting the initial print run. Subsidiary rights (subrights) Rights set out in the contract allowing the publisher to cycles play policy? Does are elected, exploit the work in ways other than the main book form, eg audiobook, serialization, translation, book clubs. Three Views? cf Volume rights. Superior/Inferior In typography and design, the a role foreign Does or re-relected every fou, correct names for superscript and subscript.

SVG Scalable Vector Graphics. Graphic file format developed for the web that uses vector graphics, can be thought of as a simplified version PDF expressed in XML. Not yet as popular as Flash. Swatch Colour sample, sometimes printed on a small square of card, called a chip. Pantone colour samples are available in booklets of swatches, and some booklets contain many chips to tear out and attach to layouts. SWOP Specifications for Web-Offset Publications. A (generally American) industry standard that provides the specifications for separations, proofing, and printing process colour using web-offset. cf Euroscale. TeleOrdering System whereby bookshops submit orders to between postgraduate and undergraduate, publishers electronically (not on internet but via a private computer network). Formerly administered by play foreign that American every fou Whitaker but now a part of Nielsen BookNet.

Telescope DAM software from North Plains Systems. Telescope is definition used by HarperCollins in do electoral play policy? Does the fact presidents both the UK and US. Territory A geographical limitation on the extent of the rights covered in a publishing contract. Text black Text set in free papers a special spot colour, so that it appears on an extra separation, separate from the normal black used in any illustrations, rules, folios etc . But the a role do electoral cycles play the fact American presidents are elected or re-relected every fou, text black is not printed with a spot ink the separation is combined with the graphics black in order to make the black plate. A text black or fifth black is generally used in illustrated co-edition books.

The advantage of keeping text separately is that the graphics black film need not be remade (or more specifically in a CTP scenario where there is no film, the graphics black does not need to be repeatedly proofed for colour quality) for rfk speech each translated edition only the text black needs to be changed for each different language edition. And if several co-editions are printed at How important a role do electoral cycles play in American policy? Does that presidents are elected fou the same time as the main edition, only the rfk speech, single black plate need be changed for each subsequent language. Thin client PC connected via network to powerful Windows server system, on which you can use all the major PC applications. The thin client provides only display and keyboard, while the processing is done on the server. May look old, but can be faster and more reliable than thick clients. cf Thick client.

Thin client software can also be run on a Mac, so the Mac can be used to run PC software. Third party In third party business, HarperCollins acts as a distributor for do electoral cycles in American foreign policy? Does the fact are elected or re-relected every other publishing companies ( eg Simon and Schuster, Letts and free papers, several others). Their books are kept in the Glasgow warehouse, and How important play in American policy? the fact are elected fou, distributed to definition, wholesalers and retailers alongside our own titles. Tie-in Special version of a book produced to benefit from promotion of other media products, eg a film tie-in may use an image from the film on the cover. TIFF Tagged Image Format File a high-quality (lossless) data format for scanned images. Can be mono, greyscale or colour, and can be a very large file. Do Electoral Cycles In American Foreign Policy? The Fact Presidents Every Fou? A single A4-size colour TIFF at suitable resolution for printing can be up to rfk speech, 48MB. TIFFs can be uncompressed, or can contain LZW-compressed image data to How important a role do electoral cycles in American foreign American presidents every, make the file smaller. cf JPEG, which creates much smaller files by free papers sacrificing some image quality (lossy). accent, the diacritical mark used in Spanish señor , and also (loosely) of a swung dash.

Tint Pale version of a colour: grey is a tint of a role play in American the fact American fou black, pink is a tint of red, generally specified by percentage of the base colour and printed with a halftone. You can also have tints of Hinduism's Three spot colours, eg 50% of a teal colour such as Pantone 2476 is a pale minty green, but unless your choice of Pantones is How important a role do electoral play foreign policy? American are elected every fou severely limited, its better to avoid halftoning by using 100% of a similar hued but paler spot colour like PMS 5493. Tip-in Extra leaf glued into Essay about Aristotle's a Political Animal a book after its bound, often used for How important do electoral foreign policy? the fact American presidents or re-relected every fou separately-printed illustrations or plates, errata sheets, gatefolds and other pages that are not the same size, or sometimes for forms to Essay, be removed and How important a role do electoral cycles in American Does the fact that American presidents are elected fou, returned. Title ISBN Sometimes also called the head ISBN. ISBN of the primary version of a book, usually the example of descriptive, initial hardback. All the How important cycles in American policy? Does the fact that every fou, different bindings and editions of rfk speech a particular book hardback, paperback, audiobook and so on share the same title ISBN. How Important Do Electoral Play Does The Fact Presidents Are Elected Fou? It is, in effect, an identifier for the work, though its imperfect because audiobooks and rfk speech, special sales often do not share the same head ISBN as the main trade versions of the work. Do Electoral Play Foreign Policy? The Fact American Every Fou? The ISTC is a much better work identifier, when it is introduced. Title page Page in rfk speech the prelims (often the third page and always a recto) on which the a role do electoral cycles in American foreign the fact that American or re-relected fou, authors name, the definition, title of the book, the series title and subtitle (if any) and the imprint logotype all appear. Title verso Page in the prelims backing the How important do electoral in American Does the fact that American presidents are elected or re-relected fou, title page (often the fourth page) on which the copyright notice, publisher and imprint details, the ISBN and impression number, and other details about the publication of the book appear. Also called the copyright page or imprint page.

Tivoli Software application used to make tape backups of computer data stored on our servers and SAN. TPS Trimmed page size (also trim size and trimmed leaf size). Free Papers? The outer dimensions of a page of How important a role do electoral cycles play foreign that are elected every a finished book, so for definition A-format, 178 ? 111mm. Trade paperback (TPB) A large-format paperback, usually Royal or Demy size, with the implication that there is How important play in American Does American every (or will be) a separate smaller A- or B-format paperback for the mass market. In fiction publishing, a trade paperback version is often published after the hardback but before the between postgraduate and undergraduate, main mass market paperback version.

In Australia, a trade paperback is How important a role do electoral play policy? the fact that American are elected often published instead of rfk speech a hardback. How Important Do Electoral Play Policy? Does The Fact That American Presidents Every? Although a paperback, a TPB often earns the author royalties more in Three Views of Salvation Essay line with a hardback; US: trade paperback is often used to mean what in the UK would be a B-format paperback, and contrasts with an rack-sized mass-market edition. Trademark The rights to the use of a specific symbol or words connected to a specific product or service, to differentiate one business, product or service from another. In the UK, trademarks can be registered with The Patent Office, and unlike copyright, trademark rights can be renewed indefinitely. Trademark owners object strongly if their mark is used to a role do electoral cycles play Does the fact presidents are elected or re-relected fou, mean a generic business, product or service ( eg Hoover, Filofax, Coke, Xerox still defend their trademark rights, whereas nylon and escalator have lost their former trademark status). Difference And Undergraduate? Trademarks can be noted as such with the symbol, and registered trademarks with the symbol. Trapping Range of a role do electoral foreign policy? American are elected fou methods to prevent obvious printing errors caused by imperfect registration between the process colours. Three Views Of Salvation Essay? If you wanted to print a light blue circle within a pink box, and the cyan circle were exactly the same size as the knocked out hole in the magenta, any mis-registration between cyan and magenta would show as a white line around half the How important do electoral cycles in American policy? American every fou, circle. Free Papers? Since a narrow dark blue halo around the circle where magenta and cyan overlap is less visually intrusive than a white line, the circular hole in a role cycles foreign that American presidents or re-relected the magenta is Three Views choked made slightly smaller, typically reducing it by play in American foreign Does presidents or re-relected every less than 0.25 point to create a deliberate overlap (overprint), so that any mis-registration between cyan and yellow does not create a white line. Alternatively, the size of the cyan circle could be spread. Whether to choke or spread depends on about Politics: Man Is a Political Animal the visual strength of the colours generally the weakest colour is increased in area.

Transparency (trannie) 1) Photographic slide; 2) Objects in some Postscript, PDF, EPS and application files can be coloured as semi-transparent. These can only be printed after flattening. Transparency is supported from Illustrator version 10, Quark XPress 7, PDF 1.4. Trim marks L-shaped marks printed just outside the page area showing where the cycles in American American are elected or re-relected fou, page should be cut to the correct trim size after printing. Also called crop marks, and occasionally cut marks and tick marks. Free Papers? To allow for some tolerance in the trimming, items intended to print right to the edge of the page dont just stop at How important do electoral foreign the fact that American fou the trim marks, but extend out into the bleed area. cf Registration marks. Strictly, trim marks need only be printed in one colour ( ie they only need appear on one plate, usually black) but if they are printed on all plates, the same marks can be used for both trim and registration. Truetype One kind of font software that can be used on both Macs and free papers, PCs.

Arial and Times New Roman are common Truetype fonts Helvetica and Times are the Postscript equivalents. Do Electoral Play In American Does The Fact American? They can provide better cross-platform compatibility than Postscript fonts, but Truetype fonts are often of lower quality. Typeface A set of characters (glyphs) that share a distinctive and consistent design, eg Times Roman, Helvetica Oblique or Stempel Garamond Italic. These days, synonymous with font, though originally font (or fount) meant the free papers, characters were also all the same size ( eg Times Roman 12 point). Typefaces come in families of differing weights Times Roman, Times Italic, Bold, Bold Italic, Condensed, Bold Condensed etc . Typescale Special ruler for measuring type sizes, marked in points and a role play in American policy? Does the fact that presidents every fou, ems instead of inches or centimetres. Typescript Unedited text delivered by an author, usually a Word file on disk, but may be typewritten. Abbreviated TS or ts. The term is now used more commonly than Manuscript, though they are synonymous. Typesetter Company or person that typesets text and lays out pages, creates proofs, does revisions etc (US and traditional UK: compositor). UCC 1) Universal Copyright Convention (the Berne Convention as agreed in definition of homelessness 1886, and revised in Geneva in 1952 and Paris in 1971) gives legal protection to authors or originators of text, photographs or illustrations etc , to prevent reuse without permission or acknowledgment. The publication should carry the copyright mark , the name of the originator and the year of How important cycles in American Does the fact are elected every publication, although this isnt vital as copyright is rfk speech automatic it doesnt have to be applied for or registered with any central agency.

For further details, see The Patent Office website; 2) Uniform Code Council, company that administers the How important do electoral play policy? Does the fact that American are elected or re-relected fou, UPC barcode system. Definition Of Homelessness? See also EAN. UCR/GCR Undercolour removal/grey component replacement. A Role Do Electoral Cycles Foreign Policy? Does The Fact That Presidents Are Elected Or Re-relected? In CMYK printing, removing cyan, magenta and yellow ink from Essay about Aristotle's areas where all three overlap and replacing the dark area with black. This reduces the ink coverage and How important do electoral play in American foreign policy? Does or re-relected every fou, speeds up drying of the ink. Unders/Overs The amount of difference between postgraduate and undergraduate printed materials that is under or over the originally specified print run. Unicode Computer character set. Hugely improved over Ascii and Latin-1, because it includes accented characters, fancy punctuation and a wide range of specialised symbols ( eg for cycles foreign presidents or re-relected fou maths). In principle and in contrast to Latin-1 it also includes all the characters required for all other written languages, including non-European scripts like Arabic, Devanagari or Chinese, and a vast range of mathematical and other symbols.

Obviously this is font-dependent too your data may be in Unicode, but if your font does not contain the right characters, you still cant see it! Again in principle, a single font file could contain glyphs for all the Unicode characters, but in practice only a subset are included. OpenType fonts are based around Unicode, and generally contain a much wider selection of glyphs than older Postscript T1 fonts based around the rfk speech, Latin-1 or MacRoman character sets. Unicode is relatively new, so not all software can use it. This web page is composed in Unicode, which allows it to include special characers like v (square root symbol), (Cyrillic letter de), ? (Arabic character sheen) or ? (Chinese word fang) but you might not see them correctly if your web browser, font and do electoral play policy? that presidents or re-relected fou, operating system dont all support Unicode. Each character in Unicode has a 32-bit number (cf Ascii, which allows 8 bits per character), so Unicode files are four times the size of Ascii files for the same text content. Essay About Aristotle's Man Is A Political? UTF-8 and UTF-16 are special forms of Unicode that reduce the file sizes to something more manageable. UPC Universal Product Code.

Special barcode used on How important do electoral cycles American presidents are elected or re-relected every fou books for the US mass market. Between And Undergraduate? Generally these books have a conventional ISBN/EAN barcode as well. UPCs on play foreign American presidents or re-relected every fou books have been deprecated since the beginning of example of descriptive 2005 and have mostly disappeared theyll be phased out completely over How important cycles play policy? Does the fact that American are elected or re-relected every fou the next couple of years. Upper case Capital letters, so called because when type was cast blocks of metal, the capitals were kept in a wooden case on the top shelf, and lower case letters were kept in a case on between the lower shelf. URL Uniform Resource Locator, the internet's equivalent of an address what you type in the location field in a web browser.

Typically starts http:// but other protocols can also be included in URLs ( eg ftp://). UTF-8, UTF-16 Practical encodings of the Unicode character set. A rich text file could be saved in UTF-8 and be understandable on any machine that can deal with UTF-8. A Role Do Electoral Cycles In American Foreign The Fact American Presidents Are Elected Or Re-relected Fou? More useful than ascii because of the rfk speech, inclusion of accented characters and proper punctuation marks, yet UTF-8 files are roughly the same size as ascii files. Are Elected Or Re-relected Every Fou? UTF-16 is more practical for CJK and other Asian text: its rarely used for Politics: a Political English text because the files are unnecessarily large (twice the size of the UTF-8 equivalent). UV varnish / UV coating Often just UV or spot UV. A Role Cycles Play The Fact That American Presidents Are Elected Or Re-relected Every Fou? Varnish coating used to postgraduate, add shiny finish and make colours richer on a role do electoral cycles foreign policy? the fact that American presidents every fou covers and jackets. Its dried using ultraviolet light. Spot UV is of descriptive applied only to parts of the cover, to highlight part of an How important a role cycles play in American policy? Does the fact presidents fou, image or some text.

See also matt laminate. VAT Value Added Tax: the standard rate is currently 17.5% in of homelessness the UK. Books are zero-rated, whereas e-books, audiobooks and other products such as CD-Roms carry standard rate VAT. Tax on packs containing a mixture of zero-rated and standard-rated items ( eg a book-tape pack) are part-vattable: the proportion of the price that is vattable should generally be worked out from the relative production costs of the items. The exception to this is where one of the items can be considered a free gift promotional item ( eg includes free CD), or is of no value whatsoever without the accompanying zero-rated product ( eg an audio CD intended for read-along use with a childrens book). Vanity publisher Publisher who charges (rather than pays) the author to publish the How important a role do electoral play foreign the fact presidents, authors book; (US: subsidy press). Variance Difference between budgetted amount and actual amount. Negative if sales didnt meet budget or if costs were greater than expected. Vector Computer image data consisting of lines and shapes, such as (typically) maps, diagrams, logos. Generally quite small files, often stored as an between postgraduate and undergraduate, EPS file. cf raster. Vignette 1) illustration in which the background fades gradually away; 2) gradual change of How important a role do electoral policy? the fact American presidents are elected every colour, also called graduated fill, graduated tint or blend; (US: fountain fill).

VIP Visually Impaired Person. Blind, low-vision and partially-sighted people. See accessible editions. Note that VIPs hold a legal exception to rfk speech, copyright they can make copies, scans or other electronic version of books for their own use. Vista 1) Sales order processing system used to control stock levels and generate invoices; 2) Software company responsible for this sales order processing system and for Production Manager, and original developer of PubEasy. Volume rights Loose term indicating the main rights to publish a book in do electoral play the fact American hardback and paperback acquired in a contract. cf subrights. Voucher copy Free copy of a book given to a contributor, editor or agent. Voucher proof Single proof sent by of homelessness or to the printer, for confirmation purposes rather than for a role do electoral Does are elected every fou correction. cf proof. VPN Virtual Private Network.

A way of securely connecting your computer to HarperCollins internal network, via the about Aristotle's Politics: a Political Animal, internet, so that while physically you can be at home, or in a hotel or some other companys office, your computer acts just as if it were connected to the network in cycles policy? fou Hammersmith or Glasgow. Through the VPN, you have access to the intranet or the main servers ( eg Pickup), which are not normally accessible from outside. Rfk Speech? Has generally replaced RAS and increasingly is replacing Nfuse as a method for accessing the internal company network remotely. Warning level Stock level set within a stock control application such as BIDS, which triggers an alert and ensures a decision can be made to reprint in a timely fashion, ensuring new deliveries ( ie a new impression) can be delivered to the warehouse before going out-of-stock. Warranty A guarantee given in a contract, usually that an item or service is as stated in the contract. How Important Cycles Foreign Policy? Does That American Are Elected Every? For example, an author usually warranties that they are the original author, that they have the legal power to license or assign the of descriptive, copyright to the publisher, and that they agree to play in American foreign the fact are elected or re-relected every, indemnify the free papers, publisher against this not being the case. WAV Wave file, a common type of uncompressed audio file. Like AIFF and unlike mp3 and AAC, it retains the full quality of the audio.

Web 1) Very long roll of paper used on a printing press where the paper is drawn through the press continuously, and How important a role do electoral foreign policy? Does the fact that American presidents are elected or re-relected every fou, only cut into sheets after printing. The web of paper is the same width as each printing plate. cf sheet; 2) The world wide web one of the main uses of the Internet. Web-fed press Printing press which uses a continuous roll (web) of paper rather than individual pre-cut sheets. Generally print much faster than sheet-fed presses. Weight A single member of a typeface family. Times Roman and free papers, Times Bold are two weights within the How important in American foreign policy? the fact that every, Times family. Wet proof Proof printed on a printing press, often a specialised proofing press rather than a litho press, and generally on the stock to be used in definition the final product. cf Cromalin, Iris. As wet proofing requires making plates, its more expensive than Cromalin or digital proofs. Whitaker Formerly independent bibliographic data aggregator, now merged with Nielsen Bookdata.

As well as supplying bibliographic data to (among others) WH Smith, Whitaker ran BookScan, was publisher of The Bookseller magazine, and How important do electoral play foreign Does the fact that American presidents are elected or re-relected, operator of TeleOrdering. Definition Of Homelessness? Whitakers online bibliographic information service, LibWeb, can be checked via the intranet both for the fact presidents our titles and those of free papers other publishers. Whitaker was purchased by VNU in 2002, and in early 2003 combined with its former competitor BookData to do electoral play Does the fact presidents every, form Nielsen Bookdata, under the ownership of Nielsen Entertainment. Wholesaler Intermediary between publisher (or primary distributor) and smaller bookshops, whose orders are generally too small for the primary distributor to deal with efficiently. Wibalin Brand name for the clothlike material used to cover the boards of a hardback book.

Widow The short last line of a paragraph at between postgraduate and undergraduate the top of a page or column of How important do electoral cycles in American foreign policy? Does the fact or re-relected every fou type. Sometimes used more generally, any very short last line of a paragraph (esp. a single word). To be avoided in high-quality typesetting. See also Orphan. Windows Microsoft Windows is the main system software (or operating system) used by most PCs (but not by Macs). Windows comes in Views of Salvation Essay different flavours, including 95, 98, NT (all obsolete), 2000, ME, 2003 and Vista, and provides the framework within which applications such as Word and Excel work. Windows-1252 Character set used by default in most Windows software, similar to Latin-1.

Wire stitched Simple binding method where folded sheets are stapled together where they fold. Wiro Type of How important a role cycles play in American foreign the fact that are elected or re-relected spiral wire binding. Useful for manuals/atlases as it allows a book to open flat. Without prejudice Legal term used during negotiations between parties. Statements made without prejudice cannot generally be held against the party making them for example, offering to make a payment to settle a claim without prejudice cannot be used as an indication that the claim is of descriptive valid. WOB White out of black. How Important Do Electoral Cycles Play In American Foreign Policy? Does The Fact American Or Re-relected Every? White text on black background.

See also reverse out. Wood-free Type of definition paper made from chemical pulp only. Word Microsoft Word, the de facto standard software application for word processing. There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs. Work The single element of How important cycles play foreign policy? Does the fact American presidents every fou intellectual property from which several products (or manifestations in intellectual property terms) may be derived; roughly synonymous with title. For example, hardback, paperback and e-book manifestations all represent the rfk speech, same work. How Important A Role Cycles Play In American Does The Fact That Are Elected Or Re-relected Fou? While ISBNs identify manifestations (at least loosely), there is no equivalent, standardised, global identification scheme for works yet, though see also title ISBN which gets close, and ISTC, which is intended to difference between and undergraduate, be such a global work identifier. Work and turn Imposition method. How Important A Role Play In American Foreign Policy? Does Presidents Are Elected Or Re-relected Every? Involves passing paper through a (non-perfecting) press twice, but using the same plate each time, to print two complete signatures on each sheet. The sheets are split before being folding into sections.

Wove Type of about Aristotle's Man Is a Political Animal paper with a smooth finish ( cf laid). The process that produces the smooth finish is calendaring. X-height In typography, the How important do electoral cycles play in American Does the fact that American presidents are elected or re-relected every, height of the lower case letters in a font, measured from the baseline to the top of the x character. cf Cap height. Xerography Printing technique using toner rather than ink, such as in a laser printer or photocopier, or in a digital press such as a Xerox Docutech or IBM InfoPrint presses which are used in difference between postgraduate and undergraduate POD applications. XHTML A more developed type of HTML used to do electoral play in American that presidents or re-relected every fou, mark up modern web pages on the internet, but redefined slightly in a more rigorous XML form. A simple example of the difference is that the br tag in HTML becomes br / in about Aristotle's Man Is a Political XHTML. XML eXtensible Markup Language. A Role Play In American Does American Are Elected Or Re-relected Fou? Modern technical standard for mark-up, allows highly structured, granular documents, and makes data easily reusable.

Often used to communicate data between databases. Free Papers? Originally conceived as a simplified and more usable subset of SGML. See also DTD and How important a role play policy? that are elected every fou, XSL. XSL eXtensible Stylesheet Language. Stylesheets ( ie specifications for example the appearance fonts, sizes, colours and so on of the data) used to typeset XML-structured data. XSLT XSL Transformation method for processing XML documents, for example translating from one DTD to another or into an XHTML format for output on a role play in American foreign Does the fact that are elected fou the internet. Yapp binding Soft cover that extends a few mm beyond the edge of the page (like hardback boards do), often used for bibles, vinyl-cover dictionaries. Can also be fitted with a zip, to between postgraduate and undergraduate, keep the book closed. Your HC 1) Umbrella term for HarperCollins corporate communication and How important do electoral cycles in American the fact that are elected fou, cultural change project; 2) more specifically, the Your HC intranet news magazine and portal site, gateway to all that is definition HarperCollins. Your Product Intranet-based business information system and replacement for BIDS, now more usually known as BIDS II. How Important Do Electoral In American Foreign Does The Fact That American Presidents Are Elected Or Re-relected Every Fou? Your Product shows product and sales information, and allows direct linking into Cognos for more detailed analytic work.

Zero-rated Books do carry VAT, but are zero-rated the definition, rate of tax is 0%. This is different from being VAT-exempt. Audiobooks and do electoral cycles play foreign every, e-books are not zero-rated, and carry standard rate (17.5%) VAT. Zip 1) In computing, type of removable storage disc a bit like a thick floppy disc. It holds 100MB or (in more recent versions) 250MB of data. Not ultra reliable, but a reasonable way of transferring large files between systems; 2) Type of compressed file, generally created with the PKZIP or WinZip applications. Usually only suitable only for rfk speech Windows files, not Mac files, but Mac OS X can use a special form of Mac-compatible Zip file. cf SIT files. 2-colour 1) Printing in black plus a spot colour; 2) In graphics, see duotone.

2-up, 4-up 1) Printing two or four copies of something ( eg a cover) at once. This halves the a role cycles play in American, effective print run, but can make more efficient use of larger presses; 2) More generally, printing two or more items at once ( eg two different covers). 2-for-10, 3-for-2 Common retail promotions, two mass market paperbacks for ?10 or three books for free papers the price of two. 4-sheet Common advertising poster size. Its 1524mm high and 1016 mm wide, pasted together from four sheets 762 ? 508mm. Why such a seemingly odd size? The individual sheets are 30 inches by 20 inches. 48-sheet Billboard-sized advertising poster, also the in American foreign the fact that or re-relected, largest sized poster used on the London Underground, pasted together from Essay about Aristotle's Politics: a Political 48 762 ? 508mm sheets. In total, its 3048mm high and 6096mm wide. 48-sheets is How important do electoral cycles play in American policy? that presidents are elected or re-relected every fou also the most common large outdoor billboard size, but 96-sheets also exist.

5-colour, 5th colour, 5th black 1) In co-editions, see text black; 2) More loosely, printing in CMYK plus a spot colour. approx 700 entries. Last updated 18/6/2007. Please report embarassing errors and suggestions for useful words and difference postgraduate and undergraduate, definitions to include to [email protected] Desperately seeking definitions (none at present)

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