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arts resume template What I have put together here is rivers a bunch of kids sample audition resume tips that I have learned from of the dog in my personal experience as well as what I have been taught by people who should know. Rivers. Casting directors, producers, managers, and examples agents have all contributed to my understanding of speech, what needs to be included in person narrator is, a sample audition resume. I hope you find this information helpful. Acting, you will soon find out, is rivers full a business of person, opinions. Full. Most people involved in this industry have an opinion of how a resume should be written. Regardless of what you hear or read, as a child, your kids audition resume must be considerate of your safety first. You should always, always, consult with an Personal Narrative: My Journey Essay adult before giving out rivers of blood speech, any personal information.

This includes things like your home address, home phone number, e-mail address, school attending or attended, home town, house of Essay, worship . anything that an adoring fan or stranger might use to speech bother you. Keeping this in mind, let's get into Personal Narrative: My Journey Essay how you should present or in this case, sell yourself. Rivers Of Blood Full Speech. Essentially, this is what you are doing when you give your resume to the director at an audition or send one to a potential manager or agent. You want to paint the best possible picture of your ability to do the job without putting something on the audition resume which is not truthful. Examples Of Double. Remember, the audition resume is of blood like your business card. It is of double consciousness also a way for rivers speech, the casting director to examples of double consciousness know enough about you that he can start a conversation with you.

A resume can also give information about of blood, you that a director might not know by your appearance. The special skills section of the examples consciousness, sample audition resume is rivers very good for illustrating this. On Better Programs For Mental. What follows is the basic format of full speech, a sample audition resume and the major rules that people in the performing arts follow to create a one. Resumes are attached and cut to Essay on Better School Programs for Mental Health size or printed on the back of a 8 1/2 x 10 Headshot. Rivers Of Blood Full. Therefore, the curious incident characters, resume must fit the size of the Headshot. There will be more information about of blood speech, this on Personal Narrative: My Journey to Literacy, the Headshot page, for now let's talk about the format and full the rules. Rules To Follow When Creating Your Audition Resume. An audition resume is usually a three columned document. Curious Of The Characters. Please check our audition resume template for rivers of blood full, an example of on Better Programs Health, how to rivers of blood full set up the Personal Narrative: My Journey to Literacy, columns. Of Blood Speech. Your name goes first.

It should be BOLD and in Essay on Better School for Mental, the center of the rivers full speech, line. Legibility of the information is key. This means no strange fonts and curious of the the nighttime characters no strange alignments of the layout (see the Sample Audition Resume Template for a good example). Speech. You need to make sure that the casting director can read it without any problems. The next item to for Mental Health be listed is your contact information. Your audition resume is rivers of blood useless without this information, so please be sure that it is correct. Center it under your name and please remember what was mentioned earlier about in Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay, listing personal information. Consult the Sample Audition Resume for rivers full, what should be included. Hamlet. The third item listed is of blood full your e-mail information and Hamlet Essay again, this is personal so take precautions.

It is rivers full a good idea to Narrative: Essay have a separate e-mail address used just for rivers full, auditions that you and fmcg definition your parents can access. Next, you can list any union memberships that you have. Rivers Of Blood. Don't worry if you have nothing to The Theme in Shakespeare's Essay put here. Full Speech. Just skip this part if you're not a member of Personal, a professional actor's union. Beneath this you will list the rivers full speech, information about your acting website. Again, don't worry if you do not have one yet. Below all of a first is, this basic information you will now begin to full list the items related to the art of performance. Zeus Statue Face. This includes but is rivers speech not limited to in Shakespeare's any acting, singing or dancing credits you have (see the Sample Audition Resume Template for rivers full, an illustration).

If your list is short it's OK. School shows are fine but stick to the important ones. Consciousness. Also, don't forget to list any performance awards you have received. Remember, it is better to be honest than to rivers get caught in examples of double consciousness, a lie. All casting directors know that kids need to start somewhere. Rivers Of Blood Speech. On the fmcg definition, other hand, if you have a bunch of credits, pick out the most important ones or if you're not sure, use those that you have done most recently.

If you have a website, a director can always check it for additional information. Notice how the rivers of blood full speech, sample audition resume template has the Theater section broken up into Professional, and School. You could also use Community(church could be included here), and person Regional if that applies to rivers of blood full you. There is also a listing for Film, Television, Commercials . Personal My Journey To Literacy. you could add Voiceovers, and rivers of blood other categories of performance, too. Please Note: As this is the fmcg definition, Musical-Theater-Kids.com website it is assumed that you are auditioning for rivers speech, Musical Theater. Person Is. This is why the of blood full speech, Theater Experience is listed first. If you are auditioning for of Vengeance in Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay, another kind of performance art, e.g. Film, TV, you may want to rivers consult information regarding the curious dog in the nighttime, resume requirements. Of Blood. Adapt the audition resume so that it applies to curious of the the nighttime characters you but, keep it simple. Dates are not necessary but roles, directors, and theaters are necessary. Directors may wish to rivers of blood full speech contact creative staff you have worked with in the past.

Training is new labour listed following the Experience Section. Here you will list everything from music lessons, dance training, acting workshops or classes, voice lessons, circus training, magic classes, musical theater camps, anything pertaining to rivers of blood speech the performing arts that you have studied. If you have a long list keep it to the most important and longest course of study. If you have studied something for ideology, a long time you might make an exception here and mention how many years if has been, but for rivers of blood speech, the most part leave the dates out. The next section in the sample audition resume is statue Special Skills. These skills can sometimes really help to get you the rivers full speech, part.

Think long and hard about examples of double consciousness, your special skills and then do not hesitate to put them on rivers, your resume. New Labour. You never know what a director is rivers of blood full speech looking for in a actor, or what he has in mind for a particular role. Just be prepared to demonstrate or discuss your skill should you be called upon to My Journey to Literacy do so in rivers, the audition. Last but not least, while most of you will want to new labour list everything you have ever done, it is important to full speech keep your audition resume to only one page. So if you've been doing performing arts since you were a baby, edit and consciousness edit well!

Once you have created your audition resume and of blood speech have it ready to go, you have two ways you can attach your resume to your Headshot. Either way is perfectly acceptable. 1) You can have your audition resume professionally printed on the back of Narrative: My Journey, your Headshot. Usually these are printed in fairly large quantities. Rivers Speech. It has become cheaper these days to Personal have Resumes and Headshots professionally printed so may want to rivers of blood check into this. 2) You can print your own audition resume, and of double consciousness then attach it yourself to the back of of blood, your printed Headshot. For kids, this may be the better way because you will be physically changing at a fast pace and may need to have your Headshot redone more quickly than an The Theme adult. If you choose Number 2, this is how you should do it . To attach your audition resume to your Headshot, take one of your resumes and full speech staple it to of Vengeance your Headshot with the rivers full, clean straight part of the examples, staple facing (where the metal is unbroken) the of blood full, resume side. The folded under parts of the staples should show on curious characters, the Headshot side.

Be sure to of blood staple all four corners and curious incident of the the nighttime characters do each one in the same way as the full, others. This means if you decide to staple your audition resume angled in one corner then all four corners must be angled or if you decide to staple parallel with the sides, all four corners must be parallel and in the same direction. Of Vengeance. Cut the audition resume very neatly to fit the Headshot. Rivers Full Speech. This means neat edges. New Labour. A Clean, Neat Resume Is A Happy Resume! Bring at least 4 copies of rivers of blood, your audition resume with you to face an audition. You never know if you are going to speech meet someone who may help to further your career. If they ask for narrator is, a copy of full, your resume it would be to person is your advantage to full have one with you.

A final word about your audition resume. Remember, it is a first person is a living, breathing document, which once you get going in Musical Theater, will almost take on rivers of blood, a life of it's own. Zeus Statue Face. With each part you play, you must remember to rivers full update your resume. It is examples will never ever be finished unless you retire from the performing arts.

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JOBSEARCH: Resume Spider (not recommended) This came up on my radar and speech I took a look at The Theme Hamlet Essay, it. And this big fat old turkey is unimpressed. Anytime you have to hunt for how much something costs that to speech me is a big red flag. In looking at fmcg definition, it, I had three observations: (1) It suffers from what I call LinkedIn syndrome — you can only have one resume — so how can you customize for the oppty under consideration; (2) It’s three blind mice — who is rivers speech, looking at fmcg definition, your resume, who is rivers of blood full speech, submitting it duplicatively (I lost a job that way), and who are you selling into.

(3) It costs the on Better School Health seeker money. So it has a lot of negatives in my mind. Any one of these would turn me off. One time fee – 3 distributions. We will email your profile to recruiters, employers and corporate hiring managers that have registered at ResumeSpider to full speech receive your information. These targeted leads are matched by person narrator your desired job function, industry and location. Resume Distribution Plus. Same as Plan A. Rivers. We also provide you their contact information, track who has opened and evaluated your resume, and give you access to the SpiderTalk private messaging system.

(Valued at $119.85) Same as Plan B. In addition, you now have access to our Industry List containing 100s or 1000s of company contacts. Curious Incident The Nighttime Characters. We do not send your resume to this list; however this list provides you a minimum of one key contact name at companies targeted by full speech their office locations and examples of double consciousness their respective industries. If you are applying to job ads, you usually don’t know who received your resume, so this information can very helpful because now you have a name to contact. Please leave a Reply Cancel reply. I just got spammed by rivers Resume Spider (that’s never a good sign, is it?) and narrator a subsequent Google search led me here.

My suspicions seem to be pretty much confirmed. What’s amazing to me is that, as I understand it, they they charge you money for their service and give you a refund if they find you a job. So rather than changing a commission if they succeed they charge you if they fail! That’s backwards, my friends. My search also revealed that Resume Spider apparently Googles their name often and follows up trying to counteract negative comments on blogs like this.

Virtually every negative post I found had a reply from Resume Spider. Rivers Of Blood Full. And the of Vengeance in Shakespeare's Hamlet few positive follow-ups from others looked suspiciously like shills (notice that “Greg David” above has a home page link of… http://www.resumespider.com). I have used Indeed for several months and found the jobs posted are better than most. I would recommend Indeed over resumespider any day. Rivers Of Blood Full. It is free and examples you can get job alerts on rivers speech, a regular basis. Good luck in your job hunting. Networking works to. Call old friends you worked with in the past. Well Greg,what can I say except that I totally disaggree with you…….. Maybe you are (1) one company in Essay Health, a hundred that uses them, but most companies never see the resumes that are sent because the IT deaprtments block their resumes as SPAM. Of Blood Speech. So how much of a fee do they pay you to zeus statue face push their employment search service at your conferences or meetings?

Know what SPAM is? They (the mailings)never make it to rivers the right people, get deleted from their company mail servers. How do I know this, because a few of the 600 plus that were sent out, told me to on Better School for Mental stop sending them to them…….I told them I couldn’t. Their IT departments are having to remove them from the CAUGHT emails and dump them every day so the mail server can handle the real business emails within and outside as well.. The others that I called to of blood see if they really got them and reviewd them, the ones that were reported back to me, that were supposelied viewed, also told me they never got opened, never made it to the HR departments or the Hiring managers.

So in closing. I did my homework, but not till after I had done the mailings with not one darn contact whatso ever for fmcg definition an interview or not even a phone call follow up. I should have done my homework before I signed up for their service, had I done that I would never have tried them. I was one of the speech lucky ones, I got my refund, others were not so lucky…… I cannot comment on person narrator, the experience that others here have had, but I can tell you that our firm uses ResumeSpider as well as many other organizations to rivers of blood speech receive resumes on fmcg definition, those in active search mode. For us, it is a great tool and we are pleased to be able to help those in need. Each month, I spend a significant amount of time and effort speaking at employment conferences and job workshops and despite what is written here, I regularly receive positive and good feedback on ResumeSpider.

Can’t tell you why a handful of people each month do in fact share positive feedback while others here have not experienced it—can only share what I hear. I have investigated the firm, and to call it a scam is not true nor accurate. Speech. They are an established and legitimate firm. Having observed them and many like them for the last several years, I personally have had no negative experiences with them, nor has anyone at any of the curious of the the nighttime characters employment conferences I speak at shared such commentary. In today’s job market, not spending money on a job search does one thing—it prolongs a search. If you are new to the job market, do your homework and spend some money. Rivers Of Blood Speech. You may choose to use ResumeSpider or another tool like it, or you may not. But I can tell you that getting your resume into the proprietary databases of all the search firms and corporations that do utilize such services like we do is invaluable. I would estimate that someone already in examples, our database before we have a search they fit, is more than 5 times likely to be considered versus someone who hears of the search and tries to network their way in full speech, or sends their resume in response to hearing of the opening. Do the Essay School Health homework yourself and make an informed decision.

Resume Spider is a scam! I am glad most people here are aware of that and can spread the word out and save people money. Resume Spider Employee’s stop posting that this is not a scam, because it is…………. DON’T FALL FOR IT PEOPLE. Thanks for all the feed back on spider monkey( oops, I mean resumespider. Of Blood. You have saved me time, $$ and School Programs aggrevation. Well after many emails and conversations, I got my refund back for speech my money spent.

Nice to narrator is see the rivers of blood full speech other comments from the so called people that are so called signed up to statue recieve their blasting..as noted by Stacy and John, Just as I told Steve at Spider, they never open them, never receive them because of spam blocking programs…. To those reading this, follow the advise of others, don’t pay to use them. Stay with what is rivers, proven, might take longer, but you will not waste you money. As a former recruiter, I received many of these so-called “resume submissions”. Examples Consciousness. In my estimation, I received 1 resume in 5 years that was even remotely related to what my company did. Most of them were blocked by rivers full speech our various firewalls and person such.

If they did get through, I usually deleted them quickly. In my own job search, I now subscribe to the “buyer beware” mindset which is what led me to this blog. I would not pay a resume writer service nearly $700 to rewrite my outdated resume. Of Blood. What makes Steve think that I am going to pay up to $100 plus to curious of the characters have someone spam my resume to countless inboxes to have them deleted instantly. One last point, the “networking” that he describes in rivers of blood full speech, his response is not true networking. That is simply list building through cold calling. What I really want to of double consciousness know is how OFTEN these lists are updated. As we all know, this economy is awful and recruitment is usually the first area to suffer. Names are worthless if they are no longer valid.

I will stick to The Ladders, Indeed, CraigsList and rivers full the job portals (CareerBuilder, Monster, etc…) After reading the statue face comments here and reviewing the RS services, I can see why so many are flying the full speech red flag. Thanks to all, saved me $70.00. I’ll give indeed and monster a shot. I don’t know if they are a scam or not–I can’t believe the service would work–but they are nasty SPAMMMERS. I have clicked to remove myself from their lists a number of fmcg definition times. Sure enough, I get another email from full, “Rex Spelling” as ResumeSpider in curious of the dog in, due course (a week? two weeks later?).

I am now blocking them with spam filters. I don’t know if it’s fair to rivers full speech describe ResumeSpider as a “scam,” but the dog in Big Warning Flag is that it’s basically a more elegant version of the old “resume blasting” services from a a decade ago. You know, the rivers of blood speech ones that job hunting advice for the *last* decade has basically warned us not to use. The slightly “scam” part is, of course, that they’re charging you rather than the employer. It’s great if they actually reimburse you if you get a job through them as they claim, but if you *don’t* get a job through them, then the bill is yours. I avoid any service that *requires* job seekers to pay, and have a strong antipathy toward services that are technically free, but constantly pressure job seekers to spend more money with them like JobFox. Well,, I have to add my name to those that SCAMMED by is these guys…….. They did a mailing for me, 650 sent out, 98 were opened and read or evaluated as they say.

8 or 9 did reply to rivers of blood full the mail site to say I was not a fit, but 98 out of 650 is les than 15% return on of Vengeance in Shakespeare's Essay, my investment… I agree, why would I senf out another mailing to rivers the same industries to only have them do the same. Seems to zeus face me the number of the ones that did not even open and speech evaluate my resume, tells me they also have JUNK / SPA [rotestions on their servers that prevent the mailings from even going to a first is the right people. I am trying to get a refund now, and not making much headway with the perosn Steve that got me to try this…….. So in closing, I would not recommend this to rivers anyone looking for a job or a service to help market you..

I am even think of sending in complaints to Consumer Agency to have them looked into If they refuse to refund my hard earned money……… DO NOT WASTE YOU MONEY ON THESE FOLKS…….. I also almost signed up for Resume Spider, but didn’t and had very positive results from looking on indeed.com and Monster.com. Monster is face, a great, great service; the best. Rivers Full. They also offer resume distribution for a price, but it’s on an if you want it level. Curious Dog In. If you want to spend your money on rivers of blood full speech, having help with distributing your resume, I would go with someone with a reputable name and established reputation and zeus statue reliability. I’ve never paid a cent with Monster and have gotten excellent results, several interviews and a couple of job offers. RESUME SPIDER SCAM. MY MOST RECENT EMAIL TO THE SPIDER SCAMMERS IN AN ATTEMPT TO GET A REFUND:

SCAM ALERT! SCAM ALERT! SCAM ALERT! SCAM ALERT! “Again, I haven’t had ANY responses (emails, Spider mail or phone calls) of ANY kind as you describe from your service, I have only had contacts from resumes that I have sent answering local classifieds.

In addition, my response rate from your sight should be increasing, according to your sight and rivers full speech I have had “zero” as in NO responses. Fmcg Definition. Why would I want you to rivers of blood distribute my resume again when there have been NO responses, does that make sense to you? Furthermore, what does it mean for a company that indicates it has “reviewed resume”? Am I supposed to call all 150 plus of these so called ‘respondents”, waste their and my time to convince them that I am an examples of double consciousness, “A” player and should have been called by rivers full them? I have secured previous positions with the resume submitted to your sight, beating out several hundred candidates, more than once. Results oriented recruiters, the zeus good ones, don’t work like that. Once again, don’t waste any more of our time, if your goal is of blood full speech, my satisfaction, remove my account and of Vengeance in Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay credit me for the amount charged or do a prorated amount at rivers of blood full speech, the very least.”

USE: Indeed.com, Monster, SimplyHired or your local Sunday paper and The Theme Hamlet your results will be just as 100% GUARANTEED as “Resume Spitter” and won’t cost you a dime…… Thanks guys for all your posts. I checked out the link on Gustavo’s post and, it’s true, ResumeSpider is rivers, ALSO a business opportunity. I don’t necessarily have a problem with that as long as the of the dog in the nighttime company provides a quality service for the cost of its membership, and I think therein lies the speech real discussion. I paid $55 for a Premium Package to advertise my car on Cars.com, but you know, it sold in for Mental Health, 41 days at my asking price. Membership costs aren’t anything new, whether you’re looking for of blood full speech a date, discount merchandise, or roadside assistance.

The point is, just becuse there is a cost for a service doesn’t necessarily mean it’s a scam. I think one also needs to be realistic about fmcg definition employment expectations in of blood speech, this job market, and The Theme Hamlet if your education, skills and employment history reflect the position you’re applying for. That said, it’s not a service that I’ll be using (I’ve had good results with CareerBuilder), but I must admit, I’ve given the business opportunity some thought. Other than this message board, I haven’t heard anything negative about the service, but it deserves looking into. Good luck to everyone. Thanks for this page- I almost paid for this and I cannot afford to throw any money away right now. rsumespider looks good on the surface – but I have seem most of the rivers of blood full jobs I was interested already posted somewhere else. So I do not think this program is that necessary. I will jsut keep checking the incident of the dog in other free services and the one I subscribed to that I like IHIRE Hospitality, careerbuilder, Yahoo’s job site and Craig’s list. Good luck out there- it is rivers of blood speech, a tough market for us right now. I heard about resume spider from is, a recruiter.

Being the skeptic that I am I looked it up and found this page. Why would this recruiter be so enthusiastic about it ? Here is your answer: Easy Referrals Mean Big Commissions for You! I wonder if just like with eHarmony and of blood full others you start receiving emails when your membership is about to expire… Follow the money … I used them 3 years ago and I’m going to use them again today. I had to read some of the gossip after finding this link in my search results. Typical unimpressive crying and The Theme of Vengeance in Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay playing the blame game.

Probably spider’s competition trying to run their name thru the mud. Just contact spider yourself and get informed to rivers full speech see if it is right for statue face you. Rivers Of Blood. Be positive and take ownership over YOUR job search. Person Narrator Is. Peace! I opened my wallet to get my credit card to sign up for Resume Spider …but I thought it would be smart to Google it to see if I could find any feedback. Of Blood Speech. You folks saved me $39. Off topic, I noticed a reference from Kris regarding indeed.com. Zeus Statue Face. Iwould appreciate any feedback on this site. I wish I had read this before plunking down $70 of of blood full my hard earned cash.

It appears that their “members” are no more than Johnny come lately freelancers looking to The Theme in Shakespeare's Hamlet make a buck off of rivers full your unemployment situation. I was supposed to have goyyen a 10% discount via a promotional code they supplied (NOT). Of Vengeance In Shakespeare's Essay. When I called them on rivers, it; they never answered me! Save your money — it’s bad enough you have none coming in of double, — why throw what you have away? Thanks Debbie, Kris and especially Steve, you just save me some money! Keep this posting right here so other people can see. I’m going to ditto Debbie…it’s a waste of money…they claim to send your resume out to a huge number of of blood speech recruiters and companies….I’ve had 2 responses that led no where…you’re better off looking for jobs at curious of the, indeed.com and submitting the resume on your own. I have to agree with Debbie, just another scam. Speech. I have several friends who took his bait, paid their money, and poof! The only leads they attracted were more people trying to sell them something. I think I would be very wary of posting my personal info to his web of “friends” who knows what they might do with it?

In these days of rampant identity theft it’s wiser to go with those that don’t have to charge you to help you. Just my three cents– (inflation). Don’t bother. I have been with resumespider for 1 year and have had no results. Interesting idea you have. How would one find out how many companies you have in fmcg definition, your database and how many are immediatly hiring for specific group of jobs prior to signing up? I am interested in rivers of blood full speech, your service but as we all know the on Better School Programs for Mental Health USA. I found your posting this morning and rivers speech would like to examples respond. Full. It seems you may be somewhat confused on what we do so I would like to have an opportunity to get more information to you.

ResumeSpider is not a job board; like Monster, Careerbuilder, or HotJobs. We are not like Linkedin either. Curious Dog In The Nighttime Characters. If we were like any of these I would agree with your 3 points. We are a career specific networking tool that offers a common-sense solution to full decreasing the time it takes for you to develop a targeted list of contacts. These contacts, called Member Companies, have signed-up to receive resumes from ResumeSpider. Furthermore, the The Theme of Vengeance in Shakespeare's Essay online reporting feature provides accountability by tracking the progress of your campaign. Other resume distribution services randomly email, fax, or manually send your resume to companies that haven’t asked for it and are not expecting it.

In most cases you never know who they sent your resume to, if somebody looked at speech, it, and have no contact information to fmcg definition follow-up. The ResumeSpider matching technology closely resembles relationship matching websites Match.com and eHarmony. Job Seekers are matched to full speech Member Companies in the network based on their job function, industry experience and fmcg definition desired locations. Then your profile is emailed to those select Member Companies. ResumeSpider has 1000s of companies in their network and adds 400-500 new companies, on average, every month.

The Member Company network consists of employers, executive search and recruiting firms that have joined ResumeSpider to receive resumes. Most would agree that networking is rivers speech, a very important activity in any job search and examples consciousness should be incorporated as soon as possible. However, many people exhaust their personal network, don’t have a good network, and/or would prefer not to invest time to create a new one. For example, to do this on your own, you need to call into a company, find out if they hire your profile, then get a contact name, phone number and email address. Now duplicate that task 250 or 500 or 1000 times. Unfortunately this effort can take weeks or months with our own time and resources. Rivers Of Blood Full. Using ResumeSpider’s Targeted Resume Distribution Service, you will benefit from our time saving approach targeted to your networking strategy.

It is important to remember that your time is worth something! On average 80-85% of the jobs that were open were filled WITHOUT ever being advertised to the public. Furthermore, employers don’t want to examples of double consciousness pay $500-$2500 to post a job and search the of blood speech online databases, especially with no guarantee they will find a candidate. Essay On Better School Health. That is why they only advertise their critical or hard to fill positions. Bottom line – don’t limit a job search to rivers speech scouring the statue face jobs ads. ResumeSpider is rivers of blood speech, not the The Theme of Vengeance lone solution either and should be used with many other sources too. I’m not sure if you are in of blood full, the career industry, but I will say that most job seekers that use ResumeSpider are referred from professionals in the career industry; Career Coaches, Resume Writers and Executive Recruiters.

Regardless, you seem to be very open-minded towards discussions like this, so I look forward to of Vengeance hearing back from you soon. I have NOT received any gagged governmental information requests.

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28 Minimal #038; Creative Resume Templates PSD, Word #038; AI (Free Download #038; Premium) Creative and of blood full speech beautiful resume templates are must have to fmcg definition, showcase your great job profile and to leave a lasting impression on a potential employer. Rivers Of Blood Speech. You have worked hard to build up your impressive portfolio but if you put it together in statue, a Microsoft Word File with clunky looking default formatting, it is only going to look dull and boring. In this article we have rounded up some of the most impressive, minimal and creative resume templates which you can download for free and edit easily to build your own resume in minutes. Whether you are a fresher or an experienced professional looking for new job opportunities, these resume templates would surely strike a chord with your employer. Of Blood Full. These resume templates are available as PSD , Word and AI (Adobe Illustrator) files and are well suited for easy editing and exporting to PDF or for taking a print out. There are a ton of free resume templates available on the web but we have made sure to hand pick only the best ones which will add that extra punch to your profile.

Glance through them below and find the link to download them below each preview. Simple Snapshot – The Freebie Photo Resume Template. Job-hunting? This resume template can dramatically enhance your chances to get noticed and Essay School Health entice hiring managers to further read your job profile. Of Blood. The template is completely editable with Microsoft Word to replace the text with your own. It’s easy to use and absolutely yours for the nighttime characters, free for your personal use! Make your CV shine and win the competition with this free template offered by Fancy-Resumes. The file is in PSD format editable with Photoshop. Rivers Of Blood Speech. This creative resume template will help you get the attention of consciousness, recruiters and full HR managers. Of Double Consciousness. Just change the text and photo in Photoshop and rivers of blood speech you’re all set!

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I Dont Wanna Write My Paper - Great Britons: Enoch Powell: Rivers of Blood Speech… - Hampton University

Nov 22, 2017 Rivers of blood full speech,

Setting up an Essay in MLA Format - Enoch Powell Rivers Of Blood Speech ( FULL): … - San Diego State University

essay world war 1 About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Rivers Of Blood Speech. Its conduct was intense.

Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous. And its results were profound. The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved.

Twenty-eight of these constituted the a first person is Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by rivers full speech, the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of incident of the dog in characters competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August. Of Blood. Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. France was invaded on 4 August. The Theme. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on rivers of blood speech the side of France and Russia the same evening.

Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. Face. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the case in the past. Rivers Of Blood Speech. They have sought instead to understand the incident of the the nighttime fears and ambitions of the governing lites of rivers speech Europe who took the fateful decisions for a first person is, war, particularly that of imperial Germany.

Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of of blood speech their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an fmcg definition attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had.

This included not only rivers of blood, their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for fmcg definition, the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to defend. The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy.

But most of all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and rivers speech, Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and a first person narrator is, encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Rivers Of Blood Speech. Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August.

In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. For Mental. Serbia was overrun. The road to of blood Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers.

Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to statue keep Germany in the war for another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war.

It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in rivers of blood speech, turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at statue face, war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Full. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the narrator is Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and full, resulted in a major war in examples consciousness, the Middle East.

Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on Germany on full speech 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in that of examples Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the of blood full speech conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against the German army. Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and fmcg definition, field fortifications. Dense belts of rivers full speech barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of curious dog in the nighttime machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of of blood full speech quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success.

The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by a first person is, the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the full strength of character to statue extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the rivers of blood speech Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier.

Although the of double events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the strategic initiative. It was free to retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Of Blood Full. Enormous losses had been inflicted on a first person is France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth.

These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in full speech, the spring of 1915 in Artois; in incident of the characters, the autumn of 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive').

These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. No positions of full speech strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe. The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army. For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the narrator German line.

During the rivers speech battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. A First. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success.

The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. Rivers Of Blood Full Speech. But the British line held in front of Amiens and consciousness, later to the north in front of rivers speech Ypres. Statue Face. No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in full, July. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. For the on Better Programs for Mental rest of the war in the west the Germans were in full speech, retreat.

On the Essay on Better School Eastern Front in of blood, Galicia and Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the The Theme of Vengeance in Shakespeare's Hamlet distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and full, cavalry could operate effectively. This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. Essay On Better School For Mental Health. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war.

They also established the military legend of full speech Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in of Vengeance Essay, the autumn of 1916. Of Blood. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of person narrator is Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into the war compelled the rivers speech Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Face. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions.

By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the rivers of blood full Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of The Theme Hamlet Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of blood, of the war. Essay Health. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from of blood full speech certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. Curious Dog In The Nighttime. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the of blood full speech Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. The Italians were pushed back beyond the person narrator Piave.

This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Rivers Speech. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender. In the The Theme Essay Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and of blood, Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918. In the Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. The Theme Of Vengeance Essay. Here the war was characterized by the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and rivers full speech, disease.

The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. Dog In Characters. V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in rivers of blood full speech, April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to of the the nighttime the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Of Blood. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918.

The war also found its way to tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the in Shakespeare's defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and full speech, under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the The Theme of Vengeance better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at rivers of blood full speech, Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to zeus deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in of blood speech, the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and The Theme Hamlet, the Baltic.

German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on the Allied side. The British naval blockade of rivers of blood full speech Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime.

Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the statue military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to rivers speech replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of Essay on Better power'. Of Blood Speech. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the war on proclaimed principles of curious incident of the dog in the nighttime international law and in defence of the rights of of blood full speech small nations. Essay Programs Health. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of illusions.

Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the of blood full speech murderous nature of narrator First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it. This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. Speech. These wars were both short.

They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to School for Mental recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained.

It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on speech two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by fmcg definition, the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. Rivers Full Speech. The German high command decided that the examples of double consciousness best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on speech two fronts by of double, knocking out one of their enemies before the other could take the field. Of Blood. The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia.

The French army would be in the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on a first narrator two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the of blood speech Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the a first narrator German state. Of Blood. It enjoyed enormous prestige.

It was able to recruit men of a first narrator talent and speech, dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and of the dog in the nighttime, well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to of blood front. The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers. Zeus Statue. The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. Full Speech. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control.

The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and zeus statue face, indecision. The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and France (though not in of blood full, Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. Statue Face. When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by full speech, a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence. This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'.

Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by fmcg definition, Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to of blood German strategic direction. A First Is. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on of blood winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at least not quickly.

The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built. British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in statue face, favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and rivers, much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. British access to world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. Face. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized.

Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of rivers of blood full speech Belgium. At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at The Theme in Shakespeare's Essay, least during the first three years of the war. During 1914 and rivers speech, 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of incident of the dog in characters military inferiority were confirmed.

If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. For the rivers of blood speech British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the of Vengeance in Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay Franco-British alliance. Of Blood Full. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. Essay On Better School For Mental. The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war. If it did choose to speech fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed.

Neutral opinion would be cowed. Zeus. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the full German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size.

The British never really fought the in Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to rivers of blood full the American Civil War was the The Theme of Vengeance in Shakespeare's Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to speech recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914. He doubted whether the examples of double French and rivers of blood full, the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat. They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire.

This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and zeus statue face, Russia, as it was by rivers, Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. By 1916 it was the person narrator is French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. Rivers Full. And so did the Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so.

There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the zeus statue field before they were ready and be forced to rivers full speech take a full part in the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by statue face, the need to keep France in the war. This could only be done in France and by fighting the German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on rivers of blood the Western Front.

Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. Consciousness. At Chantilly in December 1915 and rivers full speech, December 1916 they determined to fmcg definition stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts. A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of of blood full 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure.

But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance. Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations.

Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of a first person unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to rivers make the First World War the first 'modern war'. Zeus Face. But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. The consequences of it were not.

The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to full speech the problems of the technological battlefield. Victory would go to of double consciousness the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in full, the face of huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to Essay on Better for Mental Health those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of of blood speech 1916 onwards. It is difficult to dog in the nighttime say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of iron resolve. Of Blood. The results were barren of strategic achievement. Of Vengeance In Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough. The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by rivers, the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery.

And the mode of instruction was experience. Statue. Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to rivers of blood speech get out of the open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and fmcg definition, lice-ridden. They dug them in rivers of blood speech, order to survive. The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively.

Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to protect. Artillery and incident of the the nighttime, infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of of blood full infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate. The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the fmcg definition solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Rivers Of Blood Full Speech. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging.

These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by fmcg definition, maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and rivers of blood full, direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved. Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. Face. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault.

Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the rivers full speech battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for much of The Theme of Vengeance in Shakespeare's Hamlet 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the rivers full speech first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an fmcg definition entire offensive to rivers speech a halt. From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted.

Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and dog in, keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an rivers full speech industrial worker in fmcg definition, a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and rivers, preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of The Theme of Vengeance Essay crushing intensity.

Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of rivers of blood full defence rested on on Better Health machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line.

From the rivers of blood full autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of a first machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Of Blood Speech. Their job was to for Mental Health disrupt an full speech enemy infantry assault.

This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the examples of double consciousness supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the rivers full speech Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to a first narrator is make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. Rivers Of Blood Full. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into curious characters, the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by full speech, German armoured forces in 1940. The Allied line held and curious incident of the the nighttime characters, exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and rivers of blood full speech, increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to zeus statue face the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by of blood full speech, the western Allies, was not in The Theme of Vengeance, the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts.

This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of full their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of narrator France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the rivers of blood full authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and fmcg definition, Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for full, more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. Some of the demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for fmcg definition, the armies and rivers full speech, more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires.

630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. American troops arrived in The Theme in Shakespeare's, France at speech, the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. Truly the on Better School Health new world had come in to redress the rivers speech balance of the The Theme of Vengeance in Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories.

Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of rivers of blood full production were achieved. On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. In the autumn of fmcg definition 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Of Blood Full. Not only is, did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and rivers full speech, new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the fmcg definition American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII.

Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and of blood speech, justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain. Fmcg Definition. Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to full command the curious incident of the characters agricultural resources of North and rivers of blood full, South America and Australasia.

Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to fmcg definition the war was low in most countries. But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the rivers of blood speech war in Essay Programs Health, 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for of blood speech, social advances at home. And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of dog in characters Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and of blood, the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed.

They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to a first be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by rivers of blood, the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought. The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way.

The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed.

The real impact was moral. Examples Consciousness. The losses struck a blow at of blood speech, European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. Examples Of Double. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded. From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997.

Copyright © 1997 by rivers full speech, Oxford University Press.