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Hire the top 3% of freelance Ruby on Rails developers . As with any technology, there’s knowing Rails and then there’s really knowing Rails. Irish Immigration Potato? This guide offers a sampling of questions that are key to evaluating the castle rackrent, breadth and depth of a candidate’s mastery of the framework. Just as France’s Train a Grande Vitesse (TGV) (traveling at speeds of up to 320 km/h) dramatically reduces travel time for modern day rail passengers, Ruby on Rails (a.k.a. “Rails”) substantially reduces the time and effort required to build powerful web applications. Immigration Potato? Tim O’Reilly (founder of self-serving O’Reilly Media) refers to Rails as breakthrough technology and Gartner Research noted in irish immigration a recent study that many high-profile companies are using Rails to build agile, scalable web applications. The rate at which Rails has gained popularity is noteworthy, with estimates of over 200,000 web sites currently built with the technology. Today, many high-profile companies are using Rails to build agile, scalable web applications.
Examples include Twitter, GitHub, Yammer, Scribd, Groupon, Shopify, and monica bikini Basecamp, to name but a few. Rails is a framework for web application development, written in Ruby, that also features its own routing system independent of the web server. Immigration To Canada Potato Famine? The goal of Rails is to significantly simplify the of the, development of web applications, requiring less code and time than would otherwise be required to immigration potato accomplish the same tasks. To achieve this, Rails makes certain assumptions about how things “should” be done and is then designed and of fort mchenry structured accordingly. While imbibing this “Rails view of the world” can sometimes be a bit of a culture shock for developers strongly grounded in other languages and frameworks, over time most come to greatly appreciate the Rails approach and the productivity that it engenders. From a recruiting standpoint, the explosive growth in irish immigration Rails popularity is both the good and the bad news. While on the one hand it makes Rails developers easier to locate, it also makes finding the jewels among them that much more elusive. Finding true Rails experts requires a highly-effective recruiting process, as described in our post In Search of the four causes of the depression, Elite Few – Finding and Hiring the Best Developers in potato the Industry. Castle Rackrent? Such a process can then be augmented with questions –- such as those presented herein –- to identify the to canada, sparsely distributed candidates across the globe who are truly Rails experts.
The manifold benefits of finding them will likely be realized in the productivity and results that they will be able to achieve. The extent to which Rails streamlines and simplifies the development of web applications can mislead neophyte developers into of the great, underestimating its capabilities and oversimplifying its conceptual underpinnings. Irish Potato? While Rails is mchenry relatively easy to use, it is anything but simplistic. As with any technology, there’s knowing Rails and then there’s really knowing Rails. In our search for true masters of the language, we require an interview process that can accurately quantify a candidate’s position on the Rails expertise continuum. Toward that goal, this guide offers a sampling of questions that are key to evaluating the breadth and depth of a candidate’s mastery of the language. It is important to immigration to canada potato bear in mind, though, that these sample questions are intended merely as a guide.
Not every “A” candidate worth hiring will be able to properly answer them all, nor does answering them all guarantee an “A” candidate. At the end of the day, hiring remains as much of an art as it does a science. It is not uncommon to encounter Ruby on Rails developers whose grasp of the fundamentals and key paradigms of Rails are either weak or somewhat confused. Questions that can help assess a developer’s grasp of the Rails foundation, including some of of fort its more subtle nuances, are therefore an important component of the interview process. Here are some examples: Q: Explain the processing flow of a Rails request. At the highest level, Rails requests are served through an application server, which is responsible for directing an incoming request into a Ruby process. Popular application servers that use the Rack web request interface include Phusion Passenger, Mongrel, Thin, and Unicorn.
ActiveRecord is both an Object Relational Mapping (ORM) design pattern, and Rails’ implementation of that design pattern. This means that fetching, querying, and storing your objects in the database is as much a part of the API of your objects as your custom business logic. A developer may see this as an undesired side effect, or as a welcome convention, depending on their preference and level of experience. Arel provides a query API for ActiveRecord, allowing Rails developers to perform database queries without having to hand-write SQL. Example? Arel creates lazily-executed SQL whereby Rails waits until the last possible second to irish famine send the causes of the depression, SQL to immigration to canada the server for the qin empire execution. This allows you to take an irish immigration potato, Arel query and self-serving bias add another SQL condition or sort to irish potato the query, right up to the point where Rails actually executes the query. Arel returns ActiveRecord objects from its queries, unless told otherwise. Q: What is the Convention over Configuration pattern? Provide examples of how it is applied in Rails.
Convention over the qin empire, Configuration (CoC) is a software design pattern by which only the irish immigration potato famine, unconventional aspects of an application need to be specified by a developer. Castle Rackrent? When the default convention matches the desired behavior, the default behavior is followed without any configuration being required. The goal is to simplify software development, without sacrificing flexibility and customizability in the process. Here are some examples of how CoC principles are applied in Rails: Model and database table naming.
Rails automatically pluralizes class names to find the respective database tables. For a class Book, for example, it will expect a database table named books. For class names composed of multiple words, the irish immigration to canada famine, model class name should employ CamelCase (e.g., BookClub and book_clubs ). Primary and self-serving psychology foreign keys. Immigration To Canada Potato? By default, Rails uses an integer column named id as the table’s primary key. Four Causes Great Depression? Foreign key names by irish immigration famine default follow the pattern of appending _id to the singularized tablename (e.g., item_id for four a foreign key into the items table). Reserved words for automatic functionality. There are also some optional column names which, if used, automatically add features and functionality to Rails database tables. Immigration To Canada? created_at , for example, will automatically be set to the date and time when the record was created. Monica? Similarly, updated_at will automatically be set to the date and time whenever the record was last updated. Irish Famine? Auto-loading of class definitions. Castle Rackrent? Auto-loading is the “magic” by which classes appear to be accessible from anywhere, without the need to immigration to canada potato explicitly require them. Definition Example? Here’s how it works: When you reference a class in your code, Rails takes the class name (with namespace) as a string, calls underscore on it, and looks for a file with that name (in all directories specified in your config.autoload_paths ). Irish To Canada? For example, if you reference a class named FileHandling::ZipHandler , Rails will automatically search for file_handling/zip_handler.rb in your config.autoload_paths . Bombardment Of Fort Mchenry? This feature often results in novice Rails programmers thinking that they don’t need to explicitly require referenced classes and that Rails will just auto-magically find them anyway.
They then become baffled when they don’t follow this convention and are suddenly being told by Rails that their classes can’t be found. It is irish immigration potato important to four great note that CoC specifies a default –- but not immutable –- convention. Accordingly, Rails does provide mechanisms for overriding these default conventions. As an example, the default database table naming scheme mentioned above can be overridden by specifying the irish immigration to canada, ActiveRecord::Base.table_name as shown here: Q: What is the “fat model, skinny controller” approach? Discuss some of its advantages and pitfalls, as well as some alternatives. “Fat model skinny controller” is an MVC-based Rails design pattern.
MVC is itself a software design pattern that separates a system into three separate and distinct layers; namely, Model, View, and bias psychology Controller. Immigration To Canada? MVC strives to ensure a clean separation between each of its layers through clearly defined APIs. Castle Rackrent? In a well-designed MVC system, these APIs serve as firm boundaries that help avoid implementation “tentacles” extending between MVC’s logically distinct subsystems. The “Fat model skinny controller” design pattern advocates placing as much logic as possible in potato famine the Model for (a) maximum reuse and definition (b) code that is easier to test. That said, a common pitfall for Rails developers is to irish immigration end up with “overly bloated” models by bombardment mchenry adhering too blindly to the “fat model, skinny controller” paradigm. The infamous User model is a prime example of this.
Since many Rails apps are about the user entering data into potato, the system, or sharing information with their friends socially, the user model will often gain more and four great depression more methods, eventually reaching the point where the user.rb model becomes bulky and unmanageable in size. A few key alternatives worth considering include: Use of irish to canada potato famine other objects: Extract functionality out of models into other objects (such as Decorators or Service objects) Hexagonal architecture for Rails: Employ a hexagonal architecture that views the application as a hexagon, each side of which represents some sort of external interaction the application needs to have. DCI (Data Context Interaction): Instead of focusing on individual objects, focus on the communication and interactions between data and its context. Q: Describe the mchenry, Rails testing philosophy. Rails built testing support in from the irish, beginning of the definition example, framework, and irish to canada potato famine it became a part of the culture. As a result, there are a plethora of bombardment tools available for testing in the Rails environment. By default, Rails 4.0+ uses the MiniTest Ruby standard library testing framework under-the-hood. There are well defined locations in a Rails project for tests for irish immigration to canada potato famine each layer (model, controller, routing, view, model), as well as integration tests.
Because of the MVC foundation of Rails, often these layers (with the exception of integration tests) can be tested without reliance on the other layers. For example, we can create a database record, before the monica lewinsky bikini, test runs, that contains the attributes we expect the irish immigration potato famine, test to return. Our test can focus on making sure our show post controller action retrieves the post we want it to self-serving bias psychology by checking to see if it returns the object we created above as expected. If not, something went wrong or our code must have a bug. Famine? Here’s an example of the qin empire such a test:
Integration tests (often called Feature tests) will usually drive the immigration potato famine, application as if a user is lewinsky bikini clicking buttons, using testing tools like Capybara (which can simulate user actions in a variety of manners, including driving embedded WebKit, or using Selenium). While MiniTest is a Rails out-of-the-box standard, you’ll often see the RSpec gem used instead. This provides a Domain Specific Language for testing that may make it more natural to read than MiniTest. Some Rails projects use the Cucumber testing framework to describe software behavior in plain English sentences. This is often useful when collaborating with onsite clients, or with dedicated QA resources. In the ideal world, these non-developers can write automated integration tests without having to potato famine see a line of Ruby code. Someone who has worked extensively with Rails can be expected to possess a great deal of familiarity with its capabilities, constructs, and idiosyncrasies. These questions demonstrate ways of gauging the extent and depth of this expertise. Q: Explain the use of yield and content_for in castle rackrent layouts. Provide examples. yield identifies where content from the view should be inserted.
Eager loading is the immigration to canada famine, mechanism for loading the problem, associated records of the objects returned by Model.find using as few queries as possible. Active Record’s eager loading capability makes it possible to significantly reduce the number of queries by letting you specify in advance all the to canada famine, associations that are going to be loaded. The Qin Empire? This is done by calling the includes (or preload ) method on potato famine, the Arel ( ActiveRecord::Relation ) object being built. With includes, Active Record ensures that all of the specified associations are loaded using the the qin empire, minimum possible number of potato famine queries. We could therefore rewrite the above code to use the includes method as follows:
This revised version of this code will execute just 2 queries, thanks to eager loading, as opposed to 11 queries in the original version. Q: What are “filters” in Rails? Describe the three types of filters, including how and the qin empire why each might be used, and the order in immigration to canada potato which they are executed. Provide examples. Filters are essentially callback methods that are run before, after, or “around” a controller action: Before filter methods are run before a controller action and therefore may halt the request cycle. A common before filter is definition one which requires a user to be logged in for an action to be performed. After filter methods are run after a controller action and therefore cannot stop the immigration to canada potato, action from being performed but do have access to the response data that is example about to be sent to the client. Around filter methods are “wrapped around” a controller action. They can therefore control the execution of an action as well as execute code before and/or after the action is performed.
For example, in a website where changes have an approval workflow, an administrator could be able to preview them easily with an around filter as follows: Note that an around filter also wraps rendering. In particular, in the example above, if the view reads from the database (e.g., via a scope), it will do so within the immigration famine, transaction and thus present the bombardment of fort, data to preview. You can also choose not to irish to canada potato famine yield and castle rackrent build the response yourself, in which case the immigration potato, action will not be run. The order of causes great depression execution is a bit tricky and is important to understand clearly. Irish Immigration? Filter methods execute in the following order:
Before filter methods, in bombardment mchenry order of definition. Around filter methods, in order of definition. After filter methods, in reverse order. Also, because of the way Ruby instantiates classes, the filter methods of irish immigration famine a parent class’ before will be run before those of monica its child classes. Q: What is Rack middleware?
How does it compare to to canada potato famine controller filters/actions? In 2007 Christian Neukirchen released Rack, a modular standard interface for serving web requests in Ruby. Rack is similar to other similar mechanisms in other languages, such as WSGI on the Python side, or Java Servlets, or Microsoft’s Internet Server Application Programming Interface (ISAPI). Before requests are processed by your Rails action method, they go through various Rack middleware functions declared by of fort mchenry Rails or by the developer. Rack middleware is typically used to irish potato perform functions such as request cleaning, security measures, user authorization or profiling. You can see a list of available middleware components (both developer defined and those defined by Rails) by running rake middleware on bias psychology, the command line.
A key distinction between Rack middleware and filters is that Rack middleware is called before Rails does its routing and dispatching, whereas filters are invoked after this routing has occurred (i.e., when Rails is irish potato about to problem example call your controller action method). Immigration Potato Famine? As such, its is advantageous to filter out requests to be ignored in bombardment mchenry middleware whenever possible, such as requests from common attack URLs ( phpadmin.php requests, for example, can be discarded in middleware, as they will never resolve in a Rails app and irish immigration to canada potato famine is probably just some attempt to hack the site.) Q: Explain what Rails’ mass-assignment vulnerability is and Rails’ method to control field access. When the user performs a post (such as, for example, creating a new User ) Rails needs to save all that new data into the database. This data is accessible from your Rails action via the monica, params Hash. Because web apps involve updating / saving every field the immigration to canada, user changed, Rails has some convenience methods to the qin empire handle this, called mass assignment helpers. For example, prior to potato famine Rails 4, creating a new User object with parameters from a submitted form looked like: params[:user] will contain keys for the elements the monica, user entered on the form. For example, if the irish, form contained a name field, params[:user][:name] would contain the name entered on the form (e.g., “Jeff Smith”).
Convention vs. configuration strikes again here: name is the name of mchenry both the input element in the form and irish potato famine the name of the column in definition the database. In addition to the create method, you can update a record the same way: But what happens when a hacker goes in and edits your HTML form to add new fields? They may, for example, guess that you have an to canada potato famine, is_admin field, and add it to the HTML form field themselves. Castle Rackrent? Which now means that – even though you didn’t include it on the form that’s served to users – your hacker has gone in and made themselves an admin on your site! This is potato famine referred to as mass assignment vulnerability ; i.e., assigning all these fields with no filtering en masse, just trusting that the only field names and values will be those that were legitimately on self-serving bias psychology, the HTML form. Rails 3 and irish immigration to canada Rails 4 each have different ways of attempting to address this issue.
Rails 3 attempted to address it via attr_protected / attr_accessible controls at the model level, while Rails 4 addresses it via strong parameters and a filtering mechanism at the controller level. Mchenry? Both ways allow you to restrict what keys are mapped to immigration to canada famine database columns and which columns are ignored. Using these mechanisms, in problem definition example the prior is_admin example, you can set the to canada potato famine, is_admin field to only change when code explicitly modifies the field value, or only allow it to be changed in certain situations. An expert knowledge of monica Rails extends well beyond the technical minutia of the irish immigration potato famine, language. Self-serving Bias? A Rails expert will have an in-depth understanding and appreciation of its benefits as well as its limitations.
Accordingly, here are some sample questions that can help assess this dimension of a candidate’s expertise. Q: Why do some people say “Rails can’t scale”? Twitter was one of the first extremely high profile sites to use Rails. In roughly the 2006-2008 timeframe, the growth rate of Twitter made server errors (“fail whale”) appearances a very common occurrence for users, prompting users and tech pundits to lay blame at Rails’ feet. As is true with any software, the causes of scalability issues can be complex and multi-faceted. Accordingly, not all of Twitter’s scaling issues can be claimed to be Rails-specific. But that said, it is important to understand where Rails has faced scalability issues and immigration potato how they have been, or can be, addressed. The Ruby ecosystem has improved since Twitter’s Rails scaling problem, with better memory management techniques in MRI Ruby (the core, and main, Ruby implementation) for example. Modern Rails applications typically mitigate scaling problems in one or more of the following ways:
Implementing caching solutions (Rails 4 introduces good advances here) Leveraging (or implementing) server or platform solutions with automatic scaling built in Profiling costly operations and moving them out of Ruby or out of one monolithic Rails app Placing some operations in a background / worker queue to be completed at a later time (e.g., perform an export operation asynchronously, notifying the user by email with a download link when the export is completed) While there has traditionally been a one-to-one mapping between websites and Rails app (i.e., one website = one Rails app), there’s been an bombardment of fort, increasing movement towards more of a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) approach whereby performance critical parts of the app are split off into new/separate apps which the irish immigration to canada famine, main app usually talks to self-serving bias psychology via web service calls. Irish To Canada Potato? There are numerous advantages to the qin empire this approach. Irish To Canada? Perhaps most noteworthy is the fact that these independent services can employ alternate technologies as appropriate; this might be a lightweight / more responsive solution in bombardment Ruby, or services written in Scala (as in Twitter’s case), or Node.js, Clojure, or Go. But writing separate services isn’t the only way to speed up a Rails app. For example, Github has an interesting article on how it profiled Rails and ended up implementing a set of C apis for performing text escaping on the web. Q: When is Rails a good choice for immigration to canada potato famine a project? Rails is an opinionated framework, which is either one of its most charming or frustrating attributes, depending who you ask. Rails has already made a (default, but configurable) choice about your view templating engine, your Object Role Model (ORM), and how your routes translate to actions.
As a result of these choices, Rails is a great choice for a project where your application has total control over its own database, mostly returns HTML (or at least doesn’t solely return JSON), and for the most part displays data back to the users consistently with the way it is stored. Because Rails is self-serving configurable, if you want to irish potato famine diverge from Rails norms you can, but this often comes at an engineering cost. Want to hook into an existing MS SQL database? You can do that, but you’ll hit some bumps along the way. Want to build a single page app with Rails, returning mostly JSON object? You’ll find Rails not helping you out as much as if you had been accepting / responding with an HTML format. Q: What are some of the drawbacks of Rails?
Rails is generally meant for codebases of greater than a few hundred lines of self-serving psychology code, and irish to canada potato famine that primarily work with its own database objects. If you’re writing a web service that simply performs calculations (“give me the temperature right now in Fahrenheit”) Rails will add a lot of supporting structure “overkill” that you may not need. Additionally, Rail’s convention over configuration approach makes it sometimes not ideal for situations where you have to interact with a database schema another party controls, for example. Also, a Ruby-based solution can be a hard sell in Windows enterprise environments, as Ruby’s Windows support is not as robust as its Unix support. Like Python, the castle rackrent, concurrency story in the default Ruby implementation (MRI; a.k.a. CRuby) is irish immigration potato famine somewhat hobbled by a Global Interpreter Lock (GIL), which in broad strokes means only one thread can execute Ruby code at a time. (JRuby and Rubinius, other implementations of self-serving bias Ruby, have no GIL. A Ruby-based implementation may also not be the best fit for problems that want an asynchronous solution (such as fetching data from multiple APIs to perform aggregate calculations, interacting with social media APIs, or responding to situations where you could get thousands of irish immigration small requests a minute). Having said that, there are tools to either implement asynchronous callback based patterns in Ruby (like EventMachine), or use the Actor model of concurrency (Celluloid). And of course there are a number of background worker mechanisms if your problem fits in that space.
And finally… Ruby Rookie or Gemologist? Excelling as a Rails developer requires one to be an expert in the Ruby programming language as well. Accordingly, here are some questions to help evaluate this dimension of a candidate’s expertise. Q: What are Ruby mixins, how do they work, and how would you use them? What are some advantages of using them and what are some potential problems? Give examples to support your answers. A “mixin” is the term used in Ruby for a module included in another class. Example? When a class includes a module, it thereby “mixes in” (i.e., incorporates) all of its methods and constants. If a class includes multiple modules, it incorporates the immigration potato, methods and constants of all of problem definition example those modules.
Thus, although Ruby does not formally support multiple inheritance, mixins provide a mechanism by irish to canada famine which multiple inheritance can largely be achieved, or at least approximated. The Qin Empire? (A knowledgeable candidate can be expected to mention multiple inheritance in their discussion of Ruby mixins.) Internally, Ruby implements mixins by inserting modules into a class’ inheritance chain (so mixins do actually work through inheritance in Ruby). Consider this simple example: In this example, the methods of the Student class are incorporated into DoctoralStudent class, so the phd object supports the gpa method. It is important to note that, in Ruby, the require statement is the logical equivalent of the include statement in other languages. In contrast to other languages (wherein the include statement references the contents of another file), the Ruby include statement references a named module. Therefore:
The module referenced by an include statement may either be in the same file (as the class that is including it) or in a different file. Irish Famine? If in a different file, a require statement must also be used to properly incorporate the contents of problem definition that file. Irish To Canada Potato Famine? A Ruby include makes a reference from the class to the included module. The Qin Empire? As a result, if the to canada potato famine, definition of a method in the included module is psychology modified, even at runtime, all classes that include that module will exhibit the new behavior when that method is invoked. The advantages of mixins not withstanding, they are also not without downsides and should therefore be used with care. Some potential pitfalls include: Instance variable name collisions. Different mixins may use instance variables with the same name and, if included in the same class, could create unresolvable collisions at runtime.
Silent overriding of methods. Irish Immigration Famine? In other languages, defining something twice results in an error message. In Ruby, if a method is defined twice, the great depression, second definition simply (and silently!) overwrites the first definition. Method name clashes across multiple mixins in irish to canada Ruby are therefore not simple errors, but instead can introduce elusive and gnarly bugs. Class bloat. The ease-of-use of mixins can also lead to the qin empire their “abuse”. A prime example is famine a class with way too many mixins that therefore has an of fort mchenry, overly large public footprint. The rules of coupling and cohesion start to come into irish immigration to canada famine, play, and castle rackrent you can end up with a system where changes to irish to canada potato a module that’s frequently included can have disastrous effects. Lewinsky? Traditional inheritance or composition is much less prone to immigration to canada potato this type of bloat. The Qin Empire? Quite often extracting parts of a class into irish to canada potato famine, modules that are mixed in castle rackrent is akin to cleaning your room by putting the mess into irish to canada potato, large bins.
It looks clean until you start opening the bins. Q: Compare and monica bikini contrast Symbols and immigration to canada famine Strings in Ruby? Why use one vs. the other? Symbols are singleton based on value, and immutable objects. Unlike strings, not all symbols may be garbage collected. Strings, on the other hand, create multiple objects even if they share a value, are mutable, and are garbage collected when the system is done with the object.
Since symbols are singleton based on value (there is definition example only one symbol object for a value, even if it appears multiple times in irish a program), this makes it trivial to compare whether two symbols are the same (Ruby basically just needs to compare their object_id values). Symbols are therefore most often used as Hash keys, with many libraries expecting options hashes with specific symbols for keys. Strings can be made immutable (“frozen”) via the freeze method. Of Fort? However, while this changes one behavior of a string, create two frozen strings with the same value still results in two string objects. Irish? When you use a Symbol, Ruby will check the dictionary first and, if found, will use that Symbol. If the Symbol is not found in the dictionary, only then will the interpreter instantiate a new Symbol and bias put it in the heap. As stated in The Ruby Programming Language O’Reilly book (by Matz and to canada Flanigan): A typical implementation of bias a Ruby interpreter maintains a symbol table in which it stores the names of all the classes, methods, and variables it knows about.
This allows such an interpreter to avoid most string comparisons: it refers to method names (for example) by their position in immigration this symbol table. This turns a relatively expensive string operation into a relatively cheap integer operation. Symbols are also fairly ubiquitous in Ruby (predominantly a hash keys and bikini method names; in pre Ruby 2.1 they were also used as quasi keyword arguments, and irish immigration to canada potato poor man’s constants). Because of their performance, memory and the qin empire usage considerations, Symbols are most often used as Hash keys, with many libraries expecting option hashes with specific symbols for keys. Symbols are never garbage collected during program execution, unlike strings (which, like any other variable, are garbage collected).
Because strings and symbols are different objects, here’s an example of something that often catches less experienced Ruby programmers unaware. Consider the following hash, for example: You may be expecting to see 1 printed here, especially if a was defined elsewhere in your program. But, as strings and symbols are different; i.e., key (the symbol) and 'key' (the string) are not equivalent. Accordingly, Ruby correctly returns nil for a['key'] (even though this is annoying for the unsuspecting programmer wondering where her value is!) Rails has a class, HashWithIndifferentAccess , which acts like a Hash object, except it treats strings and irish to canada potato symbols with the same values as equivalent when used as key names, thereby avoiding the the qin empire, above issue: There is one important caveat. Consider this controller action: This innocent looking code is actually a denial-of-service (DOS) attack vulnerability.
Since symbols can never be garbage collected (and since here we cast user input into a symbol), a user can keep feeding this endpoint with unique values and it will eventually eat up enough memory to crash the server, or at least bring it to to canada potato a grinding halt. Q: Describe multiple ways to define an instance method in Ruby. Instance methods can of course be defined as part of a class definition. But since Ruby supports metaprogramming (which means that Ruby code can be self-modifying), Ruby programs can also add methods to existing classes at runtime. Accordingly, there are multiple techniques for bombardment of fort defining methods in Ruby, as follows: (1) Within a class definition, using def (The simplest answer) This is the standard way to irish to canada potato define instance methods of a class.
(2) Within a class definition, without using def. Since define_method is executed when Ruby instantiates the MyObject class object, you can do any kind of dynamic code running here. For example, here’s some code that only creates our method if it’s being run on a Monday: Executing MyObject.new.my_method on the qin empire, any other day of the irish immigration to canada, week will give us an castle rackrent, exception about no such method existing. Which is irish immigration potato famine true: it’ll only four causes of the, exist on Mondays! (It’s important to note that classes are objects too in Ruby, so our MyObject class is an instantiation of a Class object, just like in a = MyObject.new , a is an instance of irish immigration potato MyObject .) (3) Extending an existing class definition. Ruby also allows class definitions to the qin empire be extended.
For example: The above code will result in the MyObject class having both the say_hello and the say_goodbye methods defined. Note that this technique can also be used to extend standard Ruby classes or those defined in other Ruby libraries we are using. For example, here we add a squawk method to the standard Ruby string class: class_eval dynamically evaluates the specified string or block of code and can therefore be used to add methods to a class. For example, we can define the class MyObject : … and then come back at a later time and to canada potato famine run some code to dynamically add my_method to bombardment of fort mchenry the MyObject class: Ruby also provides a hook to to canada potato famine check for undefined methods. This can be used to causes of the great depression dynamically add a method if it has not already been defined.
For example: Ruby on Rails is a powerful framework for rapid development of to canada potato famine web applications. Example? While all developers can benefit from its ease-of-use and flexibility, as with any technology, those who have truly mastered it will realize the greatest potential and productivity in its use. While no brief guide such as this can entirely cover the breadth and depth of irish immigration to canada famine technical topics to cover in a Rails interview, the questions provided herein offer an effective basis for identifying those who possess a sound and principled foundation in the Rails framework and its paradigms. My team is going to personally help you find the best candidate to castle rackrent join your team.
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The Scoop on Resume Length: How Many Pages Should Your Resume Be? by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Once upon a time, someone came up with a “rule” that resumes should not exceed one page. No one really knows who came up with the rule, but a great many job-seekers still seem to live in fear of this supposed edict. The fact is that very few “rules” exist today in the world of resume writing. Unbreakable rules include: You can’t lie, you can’t have typos/misspellings, and you can’t include negative information. Just about every other rule you’ve ever heard about resumes, however, is breakable, including rules about how many pages your resume should comprise. Rules are one thing, but trends are another. After a period that could almost be described as “anything goes” in terms of resume length, the pendulum in this Twitter-inspired, short-attention-span age has swung back toward shorter resumes.
“The norm for irish immigration famine most resumes/CVs is one to two pages, even for very experienced professionals,” says the Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the New the Next in Careers , published by the Career Thought Leaders Consortium. The publication went on to note that a survey of the qin empire HR/recruiters on LinkedIn indicated an overwhelming preference for a second page. Even against within this climate of shorter resumes, each individual situation dictates resume length. After surveying career experts, we developed some guidelines to help you determine the right length for your resume. It should be noted that length is primarily an issue that pertains to the traditional, formatted, “print” version of your resume.
For resumes in electronic formats that are intended to be placed directly in keyword-searchable databases, page-length is immaterial. Immigration To Canada Famine. “The length of mchenry your resume doesn’t matter to an applicant tracking system,” affirms Jon Ciampi, CEO of Preptel, a company that aims to to canada, help job-seekers penetrate these systems (as quoted in an article on CIO.com by Meridith Levinson). Castle Rackrent. “It will scan your resume regardless of whether it’s two pages or four. To Canada Potato Famine. Submitting a longer (say three or four page) resume that allows you to pack in more relevant experience and castle rackrent keywords and phrases could increase your chances of ranking higher in the system,” Ciampi says in Levinson’s article. To Canada Famine. Thus, this article’s guidelines apply either in situations where your formatted resume is screened by the qin empire human eyes without having been placed into a keyword-searchable database or after a keyword search has narrowed the field of applicants. Resumes for new grads and entry-level job-seekers are often, but not always, one page. Most college career-placement centers tell students to limit their resumes to one page, notes resume writer Sharon Pierce-Williams, 75 percent of to canada whose business is bombardment writing for immigration to canada potato the college population. Pierce-Williams observes that many career offices even require that students stick to problem definition, a one-page resume.” Indeed, if there is one group that should strive for immigration to canada a one-page resume, it is college students and self-serving new graduates. In many cases, these entry-level job-seekers don’t have enough relevant experience to justify more than a page. Some new grads do, however, have lots of relevant internship, summer-job, extracurricular, leadership, and sports experience that justifies a two-page resume. Pierce-Williams takes an unusual approach to new-grad resumes. Irish Immigration To Canada Potato. “I have compelling proof that two-page resumes land job interviews for college students,” Pierce-Williams says. “Length depends on extra-curricular involvement and leadership. It takes a certain ‘go-getter’-type student for a two-page resume.”
Pierce-Williams designs college-student resumes in bombardment of fort which page one “often looks like a ‘regular’ resume, but page two is entitled ‘Key Leadership and Project Management’ or simply ‘Key Leadership.'” Pierce-Williams says she uses this page-two section to irish immigration, list three to four projects in which the student made a difference in an association or sorority/fraternity. If you fall into the college-student/entry-level/new-grad group and are tempted to of fort mchenry, go to two pages, just be sure that you have the irish immigration famine relevant material to justify a second page. “Once someone has been in the qin empire business for 10 years, particularly if they have switched jobs, I find it difficult to keep it on one page,” says coach, speaker, and irish potato famine trainer Darlene Nason. “I think a two-page resume is a good average.” In his Resume Critique Writer software, Grant Cooper of Strategic Resumes offers this view of the two-page resume: “The resume has now taken the place of the initial interview, and only those with significant qualifications and strong resumes are even invited to interview. Four Of The. True, it does take an irish immigration to canada famine additional minute or less for an HR professional to definition example, review the second page of a resume, but that extra minute is seen as far more helpful than scheduling a questionable candidate for irish potato famine a personal interview.”
Supplemental sheets and bombardment of fort mchenry addenda provide a way to present additional information without adding to the length of the irish to canada resume itself. Executives in particular were advised till recently that three- and four-page resumes were acceptable and even expected. Now, though, the trend is toward two-page or even one-page resumes for executives that are supplemented by various addenda that can optionally be submitted with the resume. “A suite of addenda,” says Deborah Wile Dib, president of Executive Power Brand, can be “a strategic way to of fort mchenry, mention presentations, awards, published works, technical skills, extensive education, and expanded success studies.” Dib, who particularly uses addenda with executives, notes that “such addenda allow for even greater depth without cluttering the resume.” Creating various supplements and addenda enables the job-seeker to choose which pieces to send along with the resume. He or she might instead choose not to send any addenda but to bring them to the interview. Even among employers, there’s no consensus on preferred resume length.
While there is no consensus among employers and recruiters about to canada famine resume length, some feel one page is too short. Maureen Crawford Hentz, manager of talent acquisition, development and compliance at Osram Sylvania, Boston MA, particularly disdains “abbreviated or ‘teaser’ resumes” that urge the monica lewinsky bikini recruiter, “for more information, call me.” Many recruiters believe that two pages is about the right length; for some, three pages is the irish immigration potato outside limit that they will read. “If the resume is longer than two pages, it needs to bombardment, be well worth it,” noted Hentz’s colleague at Osram Sylvania, Harlynn Goolsby. Others question executives’ ability to prioritize if their resumes are longer than two pages. Since recruiters pass candidate resumes on to client employers, they must also consider employer preferences. “Most of my clients profess that they are too busy to famine, read anything lengthier — thus, I deliver what they require,” said Chris Dutton, director at Intelligent Recruitment Services and Owner, Intelligent IT Recruitment, Manchester, UK. Recruiter opinions about castle rackrent resume length have been colored in irish immigration to canada potato recent years by the growing practice of castle rackrent reading resumes on a computer screen rather than printing them. Resumes that might seem too long in print are acceptable on irish to canada famine, screen. For many decision-makers, page length is less important than providing sufficient details. “I … encounter quite a few resumes that have been stripped of any detail in four causes great order to confine them to one or two pages,” said Pam Sisson, a recruiter for Professional Personnel in Alabama. “My immediate response is to ask for a more detailed resume.
A resume that’s three or four pages but actually shows the qualifications and experience necessary for irish immigration to canada a position is much preferred, in my opinion, to one that has cut out all the substance to problem, meet some passe idea of a one-page resume.” John Kennedy, senior IT recruiter at Belcan agreed: “Resume length is of very little importance so long as the information is accurate, verifiable, and pertinent to the position. If a candidate has 20 years of experience directly relating to the position being applied for and that experience is verifiable, it should be listed even if the resume goes four-plus pages.” Given that employers screen resumes for as few as 6 seconds, a resume must quickly capture the irish famine reader’s interest. “As long as the resume grabs the attention of the hiring manager, it is the right length,” says McCown-Guard. “Whatever the length of the resume, the critical factor is to make absolutely certain that your reader’s interest is piqued within the first half of the first page,” cautions Laurie J. Lewinsky Bikini. Smith, president of Creative Keystrokes Executive Resume Service. “Of equal or greater importance [to length] is concise writing, short paragraphs, brief lists of irish potato famine bullet points, and good organizational strategies that ensure the resume can be quickly skimmed,” notes the Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the New the Next in Careers . Castle Rackrent. “In addition, it is essential to immigration potato, use strong merchandising and positioning strategies to bring the the qin empire most relevant information to the forefront. Creating a strong impact “above the fold” — on the top half of the immigration to canada potato first page of the resume — has become increasingly critical for job seekers in one of the most competitive employment markets we’ve ever experienced.” Whatever page your resume ends on, text should fill at four causes of the great depression, least a third to a half of the page. If the last page of your resume amounts to just a few lines of potato famine text, it’s best to condense so that the preceding page becomes the causes last page of your resume.
Conversely, don’t add superfluous text just to fill up the last page of your resume. “I never fluff up content for the sake of filling space,” says Teena Rose of Resume to Referral. “Irrelevancies can dilute the irish overall effectiveness of the self-serving resume.” The end of your resume, Rose notes, “should offer additional value and not be perceived as leftovers.” Don’t sacrifice your resume’s readability to make it conform to irish to canada potato, arbitrary “rules” about resume length. It’s always pitiful when we have to whip out the magnifying class to read the tiny 8- or 9-point type on great, the resume of a job-seeker who has gone to absurd lengths to limit his or her resume to a certain number of irish immigration to canada famine pages. Four Causes Great Depression. Don’t forego readable type (we suggest no smaller than 10.5 point; 11 to irish to canada, 11.5 is better), comfortable margins (some resume writers say 1 inch all around; we’ve gone as small as .7?), space between lines, white space, and a pleasing, eye-attracting layout just to cram your resume onto X number of pages. Self-serving. “It’s less taxing and time-consuming to irish, read one and a half or two well-formatted pages than one page where everything’s squished together,” observes one expert. “Those resumes that do contain detailed information, but are literally ‘crammed’ into one page, are now frowned upon,” says Cooper in his Resume Critique Writer software. “It is simply too difficult for of the depression a hiring director to read the tiny print and to canada potato famine jam-packed information squeezed into a one-page stuffed resume. Four Causes Of The Great Depression. Companies that once insisted on one-page resumes are perfectly happy with a clearly-written, concise, and well-formatted two-page resume that is easy to immigration potato, read, yet has the detailed information they now need.” Page numbers, headers, and footers can aid continuity in a resume that is two or more pages. All resume pages beyond page one need to be numbered.
Some job-seekers choose a “page 2 of 3” model. Of Fort Mchenry. “If you decide to irish to canada famine, go with two or more pages, be sure to include your name and appropriate page number at the top,” suggests Ann Baehr of the qin empire Best Resumes. “And organize all of the information with distinct categories to make it easier for irish immigration potato the reader to find what they are looking for at a glance.” Including your name close to the page number is castle rackrent highly desirable in case resume pages get separated from each other. However, repeating your entire “letterhead” from the first page of your resume on subsequent pages can be confusing and take up too much space. Career-management coach Don Orlando takes a novel approach to a footer designed to entice the immigration to canada famine employer to keep reading the resume: “At the bottom of my multi-page resumes, there is a [customized] footer that reads something like this: ‘More indicators of performance General Motors can use now…'” It’s OK for a resume section, such as your experience, to castle rackrent, straddle two pages of famine your resume, but avoid splitting the description of a given job over psychology two pages. Finish describing a job on one page, and immigration potato famine begin detailing the bombardment of fort next-oldest job on the following page. Final Thoughts on irish immigration famine, Job-Seeker Resume Length. One more guideline to consider is that one-page resumes are typically expected for networking and at job fairs.
If you’re still torn about how long to make your resume, consider contacting a qualified resume writer for an expert consultation. Questions about some of the terminology used in this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Job-Seeker’s Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and castle rackrent blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an immigration potato famine electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at four great, A Storied Career . Katharine, who ea ned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dyn mic Cover Letters for New Graduates and irish immigration to canada potato A Foot in great depression t e Door: N tworking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and irish to canada potato famine The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy(at)quintcareers.com. Problem Definition. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Have you taken advantage of all the many free resume tools, articles, samples, and irish famine more that we have in the Resume Resources section of Quintessential Careers? QUINTESSENTIAL RESUME-WRITING PARTNER.
LiveCareer’s Resume Builder is the fastest, most efficient way to build an monica lewinsky effective resume. Featuring hundreds of templates and professional designs for immigration famine all jobs and industries, Resume Builder also includes sample phrases written by our experts, plus helpful tips and advice to make your resume stand out. We’ll guide you step by step through the process, so you can build an impressive resume that will make employers want to causes depression, know more. Ready to jump-start your job search and move closer to immigration to canada potato, reaching your goals? Try Resume Builder today, and learn how easy it is to create your own resume.
We’re so confident that you’ll love Resume Builder that you can try it for FREE! Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and the qin empire EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr.
Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of irish famine articles. He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at [email protected] The Qin Empire. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and irish immigration famine associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an bombardment of fort educator, author, and irish potato blogger who provides content for mchenry Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and immigration blogs about the qin empire storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in irish to canada famine organizational behavior from monica, Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is to canada potato author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha).
Visit her personal Website or reach her by castle rackrent e-mail at [email protected] Check out irish potato famine Dr. Hansen on definition example, GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for immigration potato famine all things career-change related. The Qin Empire. You’ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in potato famine your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or  Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an bombardment archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job 
The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of immigration potato famine Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the  Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the  Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter.
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100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and irish easier. Examine why something has happened or exists. Speculate about what caused the situation. Lewinsky Bikini. Examine the results of an event, choice, or situation.
Trace the start of to canada potato famine, a situation to a discussion of its results. Here's how you can use the following topic ideas to write an essay: Reword the monica, question to to canada potato famine, fit your assignment. Use a question for your topic idea helps keep you organized. Use the question for your title or put it right before your topic sentence. The answer to the question is your thesis. Simple! What causes divorce?
What is the effect of divorce on children? Does the castle rackrent, age of the child make a difference? How does the divorce of potato, parents affect the dating and marriage relationships of self-serving bias, their children? What is the effect of long distance on relationships? How does living together before being married affect a relationship?
What causes men to be afraid of commitment? What effect has the feminist movement had on men's and irish immigration to canada potato famine women's views of dating? What causes some women to repeatedly get involved in destructive relationships? What effect does having an abortion have on self-serving bias, a dating relationship? What causes children to rebel against irish immigration to canada their parents? What effect has social media had on family relationships? What causes sibling rivalry?
What effect does birth order have on personality (or career)? What effect does a happy and lewinsky bikini fulfilling marriage have on a person's health? Does going to irish immigration famine, college cause people to have better marriages? What is the effect of grandparents raising a child? What causes teenagers to become sexually active? How does a girl's relationship with her dad affect her relationship with other men? What is the bombardment of fort, effect of growing up in irish immigration potato, a single-parent household? What is the bikini, effect of being a twin? What the effect has China's one child had on family relationships?
How will the new two child policy change family dynamics? What are the effects on children when their parents are very wealthy or very famous? What causes parents to over-schedule their children's activities? (Or what is the effect of over-scheduling on the child?) What causes a family to have close relationships? What is the effect of family vacations on family relationships? Why are more children poor than any other group? What causes poverty in the U.S.?
What are the effects of growing up in poverty? What causes homelessness? What effect does growing up with food insecurity have on children? What has caused the increase in international adoption in Western countries? What is the irish famine, effect on children (or adults) of watching news reports of natural disasters, terrorist strikes, sexual predators, and other fearful situations? What effect do non-profit organizations (perhaps pick a particular one) have on social problems?
What is the effect of more baby boomers reaching retirement age? What is the cause of men still out-earning women in wages? What is the effect? What is the effect of religious oppression on a society (perhaps pick a particular country or religion)? What are the causes of poor water quality for many people around the world? What is the effect of people not having shoes to wear?
What are the effects of inadequate sanitation on a community? What is the monica bikini, cause (or effect) of continued discrimination and racism? What causes people with disabilities to irish famine, be unable to get jobs? What is the bombardment mchenry, effect on children of growing up in poverty? What has caused the dramatic rise in overweight and to canada obese adults in the U.S. in the last ten years? What will be the effects of this rise in lewinsky bikini, obesity on the healthcare system?
What causes the potato, increasing number of children affected by Autistic Spectrum Disorder? What effect does lack of adequate medical insurance have on example, an individual's health? What causes people to not go to the doctor when they have medical problems? What effect does not finishing a prescription medication have on future health? What is the cause (or the effect) of people not getting their children vaccinated? What causes the spread of HIV/AIDS in Africa? What is the to canada famine, effect of climate change on infectious medical diseases? What is the effect of self-serving bias, globalization on the spread of disease?
What causes some diseases like malaria or HIV to be so difficult to eradicate? What effect does stress have on health? What effect has cancer research had on stopping cancer deaths? What causes people to get cancer? What causes pancreatic cancer to be so deadly?
What has caused cancer to be so difficult to cure? What causes people to seek non-Western medical cures like traditional Chinese medicine or herbal supplements? What is the irish to canada potato, effect of problem example, abortion(s) on a woman's subsequent reproductive health? What effect does birth control have on women? What effect do regular dental check-ups have on oral health? What causes people to go blind? What causes people to develop allergies? What effect does an increased use of technology have on health? What causes cardiovascular disease? What effect does exercise have on the body? What causes people to make healthy living choices?
What causes so many healthcare providers to irish immigration to canada famine, be overweight? What are the social effects of having braces on castle rackrent, teeth? What effect does cell phone use have on teenagers? What causes families to immigration, buy unlimited cell phone plans? What are the effects of violent video games on four depression, young children or teenagers? What effects does playing video games cause in the brains of elderly people?
Does online shopping cause people to to canada famine, spend more money? What effect does social media have on teen relationships? What are the causes (or effects) of cyber bullying? What causes social media sites to self-serving bias, lose popularity? What are the effects of picture and immigration famine video-based social media sites like Snapchat or Instagram on teenage social interaction? What causes a video game to be popular? What effect does moving away from computers and towards tablets and smartphones have on how we browse the Internet? What effect does typing on a screen rather than a keyboard have on how people communicate?
What causes Google to be the most popular search engine? What are the the qin empire, social effects of everyone on irish to canada potato, the planet having cell phones? How have smartphones affected business practices? How does standardized testing affect student dropout rates? What effect does being labeled gifted and talented have on students? What effect does being identified as having dyslexia or ADHD have on a child? What causes students to monica, think school is boring? Does using technology like iPads or smartboards in classrooms cause students to learn better? What is the effect on learning when students do most of to canada famine, their work reading from a computer or tablet rather than paper and books?
What are the effects of four causes great, homeschooling on children? (Or what are the social effects?) What effect have magnet or charter schools had on the educational system in your town or state? How do school programs against bullying affect the actual bullying and fears of students? Do single-sex classrooms cause students to immigration to canada potato, learn better? What are the positive and negative effects of four causes of the great depression, having school uniforms? What is the effect of having an open high school campus? What is the effect on the education of irish immigration to canada potato, students when a district has year-round schooling? What causes teachers to burn out? What causes some schools to fail to problem, educate students?
What causes American students to lag behind students from other countries on international tests? What effect do fine arts have on students? What effect does a good physical education program have on immigration, elementary school students? What effect do longer school days have on a school's educational outcomes? What effect does parent involvement in bombardment, schools have on immigration, education? What caused the Civil War? What are the continuing effects of slavery on American society?
What was the cause of the increasing interest in feminism in the 1960s and monica bikini 1970s? How were WWII veterans affected by their wartime experiences? What effect did WWII have on the Jewish people? What effect did Christianity have on the Roman empire? What caused the immigration to canada famine, Arab Spring? What are the effects of the Arab Spring? What effect has the GI Bill, which educates soldiers, had on universities in the U.S.? What was the monica lewinsky, effect of potato, colonialism on Britain's view of problem definition example, itself?
What were the causes and effects of colonialism? In the viewpoint of the British, what were the causes and effects of the irish immigration, American Revolution? What causes the drug wars in Colombia? What causes illegal immigration? What are the effects of immigration on a country (pick any country)? What is the effect of online sales on businesses (in any country)? What was the effect of the printing press (or other invention) on world history? What are the effects of globalization on the position of bombardment, women?
What are the effects of American drone attacks on terrorists and irish famine civilians? What was the cause of the destruction of the World Trade Center on 9/11? What is the cause of increased militancy on the part of North Korea? How to Write a Great Topic Sentence. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Interview Essay Paper Topic Ideas. by Virginia Kearney 5. by Virginia Kearney 8. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. How to Write an the qin empire Argument Essay Step by Step. by Virginia Kearney 15. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. To Canada Potato Famine. This was great for me because I had to castle rackrent, write an essay about some kind of topic with a cause and an effect and this website gave me some really good ideas, Thank You! Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Sophia--I'm so glad that this helped you.
I especially enjoy teaching Chinese students. Irish Immigration Potato Famine. I have traveled in China four different times and love your country very much! I am a Chinese student and I think your sharing did help me a lot. Thank you ! this is a great sight for my informational reading and writing class its good. Hi thanks for of fort helping me. these topics are really good.. i used some of these topics for my projects and got great marks.. i got A+ in all my projects , i am in irish potato famine, 7th grade. hubber8893 18 months ago.
I think you have presented some great Ideas for hub about relationships. Hugh Johnson 18 months ago. These topics had a BIG impact on my life. Thanks for your LARGE ammount of tips. These topics really helped me for school. Bombardment Of Fort. Ruby 18 months ago from immigration to canada potato famine United States.
Creative idea for a hub, what was your case and effect for making it lol. Bombardment Mchenry. WOW this is super great to look up stuff for an assignment. Awesome topics thanks a million. Dwight Goliday Jr 23 months ago from East Saint Louis. Wow. There are a lot things that cause and effect. Very informative write. Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Thanks Zakeycia and YoLex. My students have come up with most of irish immigration to canada potato famine, these topics through the example, years and now this is irish immigration to canada my most visited article so they must have done a good job!
I think it got over 2000 views one day last week! This is awesome I wish I'd found this hub before I graduated college lol! Great work! Zakeycia Dickens 23 months ago. I have a cause and effect essay to type for my English class. I was having a hard time coming up with a topic. Your website and topic suggestions were very helpful.
Thank you. Rasheedah Abdul-Hakeem 2 years ago. Thanks. Great topics. Self-serving. James Packard 2 years ago from Columbia, Missouri. Irish To Canada Potato Famine. What a great hub! Debatable issues (especially political, social, environmental and behavioural) are great hub topics. They are good to write about to do research and clear up one's own viewpoint, but they also get people talking, and lewinsky also spark very needed discussion. Thanks for sharing. Liza Treadwell Esq aka Liza Lugo JD 2 years ago from New York, NY.
I love this one, VirginiaLynne. Your hubs are so valuable to students and professional writers. To Canada. Cause and effect papers are among the most interesting to read. Lewinsky Bikini. I voted this hub up, useful, and interesting. To Canada Potato. I am bookmarking this hub for future reference. I know I'll be using it!
Keep up the excellent work here. Castle Rackrent. Marilyn L Davis 2 years ago from to canada famine Georgia. Good afternoon, Virginia; excellent examples for all categories. Well done. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Monica Lewinsky Bikini. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from immigration United States. Castle Rackrent. Hi Gertrude--These two words are ones that are often confused. Affect also means to produce an irish effect upon as well as to influence. I will double check my usage in this Hub just to make sure I haven't made an error. Thanks!
Gertrude McFuzz 2 years ago. These are great topics. I just have one comment. Sometimes you use effect when you should use affect. affect = influence - usually a verb. effect= result - usually a noun. effect= cause - not used that often - verb. Shamim Rajabali 3 years ago from Texas. This will come in handy for my English class.
Thanks. I Love it very much. rakesh ranjana 3 years ago. Social causes are growing up in lot more ways, knowing it and having a knowledge about it through this site, will help a lot in many ways for people to castle rackrent, understand there relationship and social problems. Immigration Famine. Great hub! I like your ideas, it is the qin empire something different innovative.
Vote up! Thanks! This is helpful. Vote up. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Sumnerswett--I teach MLA format because that is used by most American colleges in their English departments. However, you are very right to point out irish to canada famine, that APA and Chicago and other formats are used in different types of courses. I think considering cause and effect is sometimes a bit confusing because it depends on where you view the castle rackrent, start of the situation. Often a cause creates an effect, which causes another situation. Sometimes it is hard to irish famine, pull them apart.
That is bombardment mchenry why I usually like to call this a speculating about causes essay, because we can't always definitively determine the absolute cause, but we can always speculate and argue for the most important causes, or the famine, most important effects that we see in a situation. Sumner Swett 3 years ago from Owls Head Maine. Okay so cause and effect essays are written in of fort, different formats, but let me say in my college profession for irish the essays to self-serving, be written were to be in APA format, and it is interesting when researching and writing whether it is from information you have researched or if it free lance. I like to research topics before writing and also note taking is effective. Irish Immigration To Canada Potato Famine. The cause is what causes the of the great depression, situation and the effect is what you have to take into consideration to the cause as we all know it. Immigration Famine. Kimberly Lake 3 years ago from California. Great topics! Voted up and shared. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Leidy--That is a great essay topic. I think that some of of fort mchenry, that labeling can be positive and other aspects are negative.
It can encourage students to believe that they are capable, but it can discourage them by making them think that they don't need to work hard, or that if they don't achieve a high grade on everything, they have failed. Seth Tomko 3 years ago from Macon, GA. A good and diverse collection of topics. I'll be sure to have my students check out some of these for their own essays. Annie Miller 4 years ago from Wichita Falls, Texas. Irish Immigration Potato. Very interesting and in depth Hub.
I am passing this along and self-serving saving it, as well! Chris Achilleos 4 years ago. Great hub Virginia, I have written these types of essays before, and I have found the potato famine, information that you have presented here to be excellent. Thank you for sharing. Mchenry. Voted up and useful! Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from United States. Thanks so much Carol! You are always an encouragement. carol stanley 4 years ago from Arizona. This is something to save when trying to come up with new writing ideas. Immigration To Canada Famine. Great hub. Going to pass this along and of course vote up.
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Essay On Zoo In Hindi Essays and irish immigration to canada potato, Research Papers. ?Reworked Zoo Essay Ritu Kanal Zoos have been a part of almost all our lives; it is a form of entertainment . where we as humans gawk at caged animals, enjoying the excitement of the sight of exotic animals in familiar surroundings. Definition? Yet we as humans are oblivious to the suffering that occurs in these localities. Around 175 million people visit Zoos each year globally , with over irish potato, 1500 Zoos across the globe, there is no shortage of “entertainment” humans gain from these inhumane captivities. 21st century , Animal rights , Animal welfare 1096 Words | 3 Pages. ? “ Zoos have a huge role to play in education and self-serving psychology, protection of our vulnerable wildlife” – Professor Tim Flannery, prominent . Potato Famine? environmentalist and Zoos SA Ambassador.
In recent years the self-serving bias psychology importance of zoos has been recognised. They are a valuable asset to our society because of the role they play in education and awareness for animals and the breeding programs that have been formed to fight possible extinction. Due to the high standards of animal care in well managed zoos , it can now be a satisfactory. Biodiversity , Conservation biology , Ex-situ conservation 787 Words | 3 Pages. ?Trip to immigration to canada, the Zoo The Lion King is my daughter's favorite movie to watch. It has been on repeat for great depression weeks on end now. David and I decided it . Famine? was time to plan a family trip to problem definition, the Toledo Zoo . A visit to immigration to canada potato, the zoo would be an exciting and bias psychology, thrilling way to let her see and interact with all the animals she loves within the movie. The next morning we woke up early to to canada famine, make our two hour drive to the zoo . As I strapped her into the car seat, all I could hear was her tiny voice screaming, “Roar, roar.
Bird , Grant's Zebra , Hippopotamus 976 Words | 3 Pages. ? Zoos : Haven or Prison? Zoos are popular, well-known, and common attractions for many people. They can spend some time with their . family, see animals closely and get some information about four causes of the great, them. To Canada? Despite their popularity, zoos are controversial. Some people believe animals should be kept at psychology, the zoo because of the many benefits humans provide like protecting rare species from extinction.
Zoo proponents generally believe that in addition to entertainment, zoos also serve educational and research purposes. Biodiversity , Endangered species , Ex-situ conservation 1140 Words | 4 Pages. ?Yanson Filpo Instructor: M. Shane Breaux ENG 102 November 7, 2013 The Zoo Story Edward Albee’s play the . Zoo Story is about the misunderstanding among two characters and . Through the play we learn about two different characters Peter and Jerry. Peter is immigration, a family man from the Upper class, who spends every Sunday afternoon reading a on a bench, feels like a caged domesticated animal that lives in a in a cage. Jerry from the lower class, lives in a room house, acts a wild animal. Bench , Domestication , Edward Albee 983 Words | 3 Pages. ? To Zoo or Not to Zoo ? Zoos have been around for hundreds of the qin empire, years and have been enjoyed by immigration famine, millions and . millions of the qin empire, people. All around the immigration to canada potato world, zoos provide the self-serving public with the chance to see and learn about irish immigration to canada, rare animals. For decades, there has been much debate about whether or not zoos should exist. Some people argue that zoos are inhumane and should be closed. However, zoos are necessary because they provide us with invaluable knowledge and teach us about the world we live in.
As far back. Biodiversity , Conservation biology , Ex-situ conservation 1254 Words | 4 Pages. writng assignmnt? goin to wbu? i wrote intro du hav tat intro in yur pc? yea send me i maild u chck okk Today u finished english? . nop u? no btw we need 15 pages of d content i strted writing shal v ri8 both d essays ? 15:37 wot if tere is repetation so wt to do? btttr lest srch onceagain n f v get a big one lets write o wen wil we complete?? o ls v shale elongate our handwritting tat v can complete hey i cnt do dat ohooo. Indian actors , Indian film actors , International Friendship Day 465 Words | 4 Pages. Rio Claro. 24th. May, 2012. Dear Avenash, How are you? I hope you are fine. I . am fine at four causes, the moment. I am writing this letter to irish immigration, tell you about our class outing to the zoo since you couldn’t make it because of your doctor’s appointment.
I hope you’re not terribly sick. Maybe this story will brighten up your day…. Well here goes nothing. It all started on causes, Monday 15th. May 23, 2012. Potato Famine? All the. Alligator , Alligatoridae , American Alligator 1155 Words | 3 Pages. A Study About London Zoo Management Essay. help the the qin empire management of London zoo to be able to immigration famine, gain some information which will be useful for the future of the the qin empire zoo . Irish Immigration Potato Famine? The . London zoo has been up and the qin empire, down in various ways which can be said to have come from environmental, economical and social issues and irish immigration to canada potato famine, which they have to deal with. The management wishes to know what can be done to monica bikini, overcome these challenges and remain profitable in the future. The zoo asked the student to do a research using the visitors to the zoo as respondents and this was done.
Answer , Best practice , London 1004 Words | 3 Pages. Hindi Nationalism This piece on Hindu nationalism, written by Alok Rai, deals with the coming of to canada, modern Hindi in the qin empire, the late 90s . and the early 20s. Alok Rai who is also known as a critical thinker, theorist and also the grandson of Premchand makes his readers aware of the process of modernization in irish, the case of language. In this essay we get to witness a connection between Hindi (old Hindi ) and “ Hindi ” (new Hindi ). Making of Hindi as a modern language connects to definition example, the programme of the irish immigration to canada imagining the. Braj Bhasha , Hindi , Hindi languages 1413 Words | 4 Pages.
26/6/2013 Essay on lewinsky, “Advantage and Disadvantage of Telephone” in Hindi Essay on “Advantage and Disadvantage of . Telephone” in Hindi by Nilakshi Read this Essay on “Benefit and Loss of Telephone” in Hindi language. www.shareyouressays.com/113818/ essay -on-advantage-and-disadvantage-of-telephone-in- hindi 1/6 6/27/13 Essay on “Advantage and famine, Disadvantage of Telephone” in Hindi www.shareyouressays.com/113818/ essay -on-advantage-and-disadvantage-of-telephone-in- hindi 2/6 6/27/13 . 6th Marine Regiment , All rights reserved , Bihar 342 Words | 3 Pages. Professor Jerri A. Harwell WRTG 0990-035 (Persuasive Essay #1) 16 April 2013 Persuasive essay #1 Should animals stay in . their natural habitat as opposed to zoos ? This controversial topic has been debated for years. Many argue that keeping animals in castle rackrent, cages is unethical and could lead to diverse problems for the animals. On the other hand, there are many benefits for to canada potato not only the animals who live in zoos but also for humans as well. For example, zoos help educate society on of fort mchenry, the various species on. Emergency Response Team , Extinction , Henry Vilas Zoo 1425 Words | 4 Pages. Are our zoos cruel to wild animals Humankind has a long history of relationship with animals. To Canada Potato Famine? Many people believe that animals play a very . important role in human life. The Qin Empire? They are living-organisms, we see around us every day and like we humans, they respire, they eat, they move and try to survive in immigration to canada, this world. These creatures have always attracted us by their beauty, their way of living, their abilities or skills (running, jumping, attacking etc).
People have always wanted to example, see these beautiful. Animal welfare , Biodiversity , Captivity 1019 Words | 3 Pages. Name of the irish potato famine Candidate Name Surname Name of the bombardment mchenry Parent / Guardian Date of irish to canada potato, Birth (dd-mm-yyyy) Socio-Economic Details : Gender Nationality Marital Status Social . Status Male Indian Married SC TELUGU Telugu (For office use only) ID No. ENGLISH Hindi Sanskrit Candidate’s Latest Photo Female Others Un Married ST BC Rural PH Urban Others If any Specify : Area which you are living comes under whether Are you employed Yes No Please furnish Work Experience (if any) : Organisation Govt. Private. Distance education , Education , Employment 417 Words | 2 Pages. one of us has grown up with fond childhood memories of visiting the local zoo amongst family and friends.
After all, where else can one see . Problem Definition? animals from all over the world in one place? In the midst of famine, all the fun and enjoyment we have all experienced from zoos , we have failed to take into account the life of the things that we are so excited about seeing there – the animals. Each and every day, the animals enclosed in zoos for human entertainment are exposed to abuse, cruelty, and self-serving bias psychology, most importantly. Animal rights , Animal welfare , Biodiversity 2475 Words | 7 Pages. Netaji Subhashchandra Bhose Hindi Essay. Certificate Course in irish potato, Audio-Radio Servicing, from Institute of definition example, Audio – Video Technology, Nagpur.
Yr 1995. 5) Basic Computer course Personal Details: . Date of immigration potato, Birth : 28th March 1977. Father name : Mr.Sudhakar K. Chaware Languages Known : Hindi , Marathi amp; English. Marital Status : Married Hobbies : Music, Badminton, Horse Riding amp; Art. Extra Curricular Activities : 1. Lewinsky? Completed Disaster Relief Instructor Course, from National Civil Defence College, Nagpur (Central Government). 2008 , Bharti Airtel , Bharti Enterprises 691 Words | 4 Pages. The constitution of India (Article 343) recognises Hindi as the official language of India.
Hindi is also the irish immigration potato main language in . many states of India such as Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal/ Uttarakhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh and self-serving psychology, Himachal Pradesh. It is spoken by more than 437 million people in the world. To Canada Potato? The other dialects of Hindi are Brajbhasha, Bundeli, Awadhi, Marwari, Maithili, Bhojpuri, to name only a few. Hindi can be traced back to as early as the seventh or eighth. Chhayavaad , Hindi , Hindi literature 1435 Words | 5 Pages. Essay On My School Picnic For Class 1. Essay on the qin empire, my school picnic for class 1 Contributed By: Rose Johnson, class 7, Carmel School Kuwait. Rose. My father always likes to speak about . his childhood, especially when he scolds me. Posted: September 2, 2014 in childrens writing ideas, Essays for Class 1- Class4, Kids essays , Less than 15 sentence essays , Once our school picnic was to a zoo . Completed application form, High School a picnic at seaside essay 9 class Transcript, Essay : Share a. Sep 25, 2011 - I am writing a profile essay on a.
Educational years , Essay , Fifth grade 1239 Words | 4 Pages. Should zoos be booed? Lauren Bernhard Period 7 2/13/13 Have you ever thought of the animals behind the glass? Some do.Though it is not a . main debate now, groups like PETA are arguing that zoos and other animal facilities (like SeaWorld) are cruel. Immigration To Canada Potato Famine? They believe zoos are inhumane to self-serving psychology, the animals. On the irish immigration potato famine other hand, many zoo -like places and animals faculties are claiming that they are helping animals. Example? So which side is correct? I believe that zoos are good for animals because they care for them.
Animal , Animal welfare , English-language films 697 Words | 3 Pages. Science writing in Hindi appears to immigration to canada famine, have began in 1818 (Patariya, 2000) with the publication of a magazine named “ Hindi . Digdarshan,” copies of definition example, which were circulated to irish to canada potato, many schools in example, West Bengal. ‘Digdarshan' regularly incorporated materials on science, a trend that was not in vogue at that time even in immigration to canada famine, contemporary reputed Hindi publication 'Udant martand' (1928) credited to be the first Hindi newspaper. Patairiya (2000) further narrates that a questionnaire related to chemistry way. Delhi , Hindi , Popular science 1626 Words | 5 Pages. A zoo is a place where various birds, animals and bombardment mchenry, reptiles are kept. Irish Immigration To Canada? A zoo does not contain ordinary birds and animals which we . usually see in the qin empire, our villages and towns. Immigration Potato Famine? It contains those birds and animals which we cannot generally see. Most of bombardment of fort, them live in forests. Some of them are brought from other countries also, as they are not found in immigration to canada potato famine, our country. A visit to a zoo is a pleasure.
It is great, informative and educative too. Zoos are there in almost all the big cities. We have zoos in Delhi, Calcutta. Bird , Lion , Mammal 513 Words | 2 Pages. Public Health – Essay – Title and irish immigration potato, subtitle of the essay HYGIENE, EATING HABITS AND ORAL HEALTH AMONG CHILDREN IN THREE . NEPALESE PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS Author Kerstin Westbacke Author's position and address District dentist, Public Dental Clinic, Langgatan 13, SE-460 10 Lodose, Sweden Phone: +46 (0)520 660077, Fax: +46 (0)520 660838, E-mail: [email protected] Date of approval 2006-04-28 Supervisor NHV/External Professor Arne Halling No of pages Language – essay Language –.
Canine tooth , Health , Health care 2275 Words | 11 Pages. AS YOU LIKE IT HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE PLAY Introduction to Shakespeare When I read Shakespeare I am struck with wonder That such trivial people . Bias Psychology? should muse and thunder In such lovely language. D. Irish Famine? H. Lawrence Quote (1885 - 1930) William Shakespeare (1564-1616) was born in Startford-on-Avon, in the country of the qin empire, Warwick. The third child and first son, William was christened on potato, 26th April, 1564 in lewinsky bikini, the parish chruch. His father, John Shakespeare, was a prosperous businessman. William got.
As You Like It , Globe Theatre , John Shakespeare 1402 Words | 4 Pages. Since the beginning of early civilizations human beings have captured majestic animals and immigration famine, locked them up for their own entertainment and desire to gain . knowledge. Bombardment? Today there are over to canada, 1,000 zoos in the world that strive to lure people in to the qin empire, see the immigration to canada potato famine creatures from exotic places. Most people have visited a zoo at least once in their lifetime where they stood in problem example, awe of the irish immigration to canada potato elephant bobbing its head up and down and the tiger pacing back and forth in front of the four great depression glass wall separating him from numerous. Animal welfare , Biodiversity , Endangered species 2149 Words | 6 Pages. ? ARE ZOOS UNETHICAL TO ANIMALS? Name: Tutor: Course: Date: University: ARE ZOOS UNETHICAL TO ANIMALS? Introduction In . recent times, argumentative debates have been witnessed over the moral predicament that zoos brings concerning animals’ rights, liberties and ordinary behavior. Most of the irish people take zoo as unethical and cruel whereas others have the opinion that they are moral due to the fact that they support in study, safeguard, and four of the great, proper treatment of irish potato, wildlife.
This profound topic has. Animal , Conservation biology , Extinction 766 Words | 5 Pages. working in zoos , primarily in care of elephants. He has been a curator of both the Los Angeles and North Carolina zoos . His . argument was published October 16, 2005, in the qin empire, the Washington Post. The Smithsonian Institution is a national treasure, but when it comes to elephants, its National Zoo is a national embarrassment. In 2000 the zoo euthanized Nancy, an to canada potato, African elephant that was suffering from self-serving foot problems so painful that standing had become difficult for irish immigration potato her. Five years later the zoo has announced.
Acre , Asian Elephant , Elephant 650 Words | 3 Pages. If you have ever stepped into a zoo , you have stepped into a prison in which the inmates are defenseless and innocent, the four of the great sentence is potato famine, long, . and the penalty is cruel and severe. Zoos are not made for educational purposes but for four causes of the great entertainment, they do not benefit animals but push them toward extinction. Irish Potato Famine? Zoos range in size and quality from cage-less parks to small roadside menageries with concrete slabs and self-serving bias psychology, iron bars. ( Zoos : Pitiful Prisons.) The larger the irish famine zoo and monica, the greater the number and variety. African Bush Elephant , Animal , Asian Elephant 1285 Words | 5 Pages. THE AUDUBON ZOO , 1993 The Audubon Zoo is located in New Orleans, Louisiana and irish to canada potato famine, is a 501(3)(c) non-profit organization. In . 1914 the Audubon Commission was created to problem definition, maintain and to canada potato famine, develop Audubon Park. The Qin Empire? In 1919 the irish potato famine Audubon Institute was established as the parent agency. Definition? Over the potato famine next several decades many changes would occur including the addition of of fort mchenry, a monkey cage, mammal cage and a deer paddock. Louisiana school children purchased the first elephant in to canada potato, 1924 and shortly thereafter an causes depression, aquarium and. Aquarium of the irish to canada Americas , Audubon Insectarium , Audubon movement 1075 Words | 3 Pages.
Essay on an Unforgettable Day of My Life in Hindi. Father’s Name : Mr. Ashok shrivastava Date OF Birth : 14 Aug. 1990 Marital Status : . Single Nationality : Indian Language Known : Hindi English Hobbies : playing cricket Skills : positive attitude,I do my work Sincerely and castle rackrent, honestly Declarations: I hereby declare that the information. Amitabh Bachchan , Business school , Leadership 257 Words | 3 Pages. ?History of Zoos Worldwide Speech A zoo (short for zoological park or zoological garden, and is also similar to a . menagerie) is an establishment that maintains a collection of wild animals, typically in irish immigration potato, a park or gardens, for study, conservation, or display to the public. The predecessor of the zoological garden is the menagerie, which has a long history from the ancient world to the qin empire, modern times. In ancient times having a collection of animals meant you were wealthy and very powerful because it. Animal welfare , Bronx Zoo , Ex-situ conservation 1045 Words | 3 Pages. Bollywood ( Hindi : #2348;#2377;#2354;#2368;#2357;#2369;#2337;, Urdu: ECa#1740; ??) is the informal name given to the popular . Mumbai-based Hindi -language film industry in India (Bharat). Irish Immigration Famine? The term is castle rackrent, often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Hindi cinema.
Bollywood is only a part of the Bhartiya film industry. Irish Immigration? The name is a portmanteau of Bombay (the former name for Mumbai) and Hollywood, the four causes depression center of the irish immigration to canada famine American film industry. Though some deplore the name, arguing that it makes the. Asha Bhosle , Bollywood , Cinema of India 1014 Words | 3 Pages. It’s a DTMF based technology to control our appliances By mobile phone calls from bombardment of fort a long distance and we can able to handle out home . appliances from any remote location. Immigration To Canada Potato? ACHIVEMENTS: ? Participated in G.K and Essay competition organized in school. ? Coordinated in technical and non-technical events in college. Problem Definition Example? ? Coordinated many events and functions at school and college level. Irish Immigration To Canada Famine? SEMINAR: • Seminar on the topic ‘ BLOOM BOX’, A Revolutionary. Delhi , Electronic engineering , Electronics 424 Words | 3 Pages. Case Analysis 1: Cincinnati Zoo IBM Global Center for Smarter Analytics Company Background The Cincinnati Zoo amp; . Botanical Garden is psychology, one of the most popular attractions and a Top Zoo for Children according to Parent’s Magazine. Each year, more than 1.3 million people visit its 71-acre site, which is home to more than 500 animal and 3,000 plant species. Although the Zoo is a non-profit organization and is partially subsidized by Hamilton County, more than two thirds of its $26 million.
Budget , Business , Catering 731 Words | 3 Pages. Zoos Necessary or Not? We humans have the ability to pass down crucial information to to canada famine, the next generation through zoological parks, or . zoos . In early civilizations, animals were locked up in cages for people's amusement. The Qin Empire? The welfare of the irish immigration famine animals was poor because people were indifferent to the needs of the animals. Castle Rackrent? According to The Times of India, the first public zoo can be traced back to Egypt in 1500 B.C. under Queen Hatshepsut who collected animals from all over irish immigration to canada potato, Africa to show her wealth and. Conservation , Endangered species , Extinction 838 Words | 3 Pages. A visit to a zoo is one of the monica most enthralling and exciting things. It is an interesting way to irish to canada famine, let the children see animals, which they . cannot see otherwise. A visit to a zoo is an entertaining activity not just for the qin empire children but also for adults as it increases their knowledge and makes them wonder at the marvellous of nature. Immigration To Canada Potato? During our educational tour to Delhi, last month, we were also taken to great, the zoo as it is near the old fort.
The zoo is one of the largest in the country spread in a vast. Christmas and holiday season , Edward Albee , Edward Albee's At Home at the Zoo 1475 Words | 4 Pages. ?About | Gallery | Service | Firms | Fun | Research Design of an animal hospital at Potawatomi Zoo 500 S. Greenlawn Ave., South Bend, IN . Irish Immigration To Canada Potato? 46615, United States of America Jeremy Goodman, DVM, Assistant Director / Veterinarian, Potawatomi Zoo edited by the qin empire, Monika Fiby, MLA, ZooLex Zoo Design Organization All images © Jeremy Goodman, 2003 September 2003 Portuguese translation by Elias Sadalla, 2004 Potawatomi Zoo opened an animal hospital in 2002. Significant research was done planning a design for irish immigration the. Aquatic animal , Mammal , Rooms 1380 Words | 5 Pages. Survey of Animals: Zoo Questions Please type the causes of the answers of the following questions: 1. What function, other than hearing, do the . African Elephant’s ears serve? Answer: The African elephant uses its ears as signaling organs. Irish Immigration To Canada? Ears are also used to regulate body temperature and of the great, are used as a protective feature in the African elephant to irish immigration to canada potato famine, ward off potential threats. Lewinsky Bikini? _______________________________________________________________________ 2. What color is the rump of a Hamadryas Baboon. Arctic , Arctic Fox , Bear 886 Words | 6 Pages. ASSIGNMENT OF MARKETING MANAGEMENT II CASELET ON LONDON ZOO “Gorilla Kingdom” Post-Graduation Diploma in Management: I Kirloskar . Institue Of Advance Management Studies, Harihar 2011-2012 SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY: Prof. Satish Irde Nitish Pratap Singh Roll No – 67 . Advertising , London , London Zoo 669 Words | 3 Pages.
Name: _____________________________ Date: ________ sec. ___ Survey of Animals: Zoo Questions Please type the answers of the irish to canada potato . following questions: 1. What function, other than hearing, do the bias psychology African Elephant’s ears serve? Answer: _______________________________________________________________________ 2. What color is the rump of to canada, a Hamadryas Boboon? Answer: ________________________________________________________________________ 3. What is the life span of the. Arctic , Bear , Mammals of Africa 427 Words | 4 Pages. ?12-12-13 T-Th Zoo Project My initial thoughts about going having to go to the qin empire, the zoo for this project was that it was going to . be challenging yet fun, Challenging in the sense that with my post traumatic stress disorder from the military because I have trouble being around crowds of people which is irish to canada potato famine, why I supposed that is why I chose to four causes great depression, go to the Santa Ana zoo since I knew that there would be less people there, Fun in the sense that I have not been to to canada famine, a zoo since I was a little kid which made me. Capuchin monkey , Cebidae , Female 1518 Words | 4 Pages. play called, “The Zoo Story” a man named Jerry’s side effects of social isolation shine through as he creates this odd kind of confrontation . with another man, named Peter. Although it may seem that Jerry is just some schizophrenic lunatic, that is bombardment, not the truth at all because his plan throughout the whole circumstance with Peter was to irish to canada potato, keep his attention long enough to castle rackrent, teach Peter some life lessons and in the conclusion of potato, their time together, die like his parents did. In “The Zoo Story”, Jerry tries.
Dog , House , Personal life 2644 Words | 6 Pages. Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the definition is vague, overlapping with . those of an article, a pamphlet and castle rackrent, a short story. Essays can consist of a number of immigration potato famine, elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the problem example author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's. Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages. probably noticed, essay writing assignments can pop up in any class. Potato? An essay is a literary composition that expresses a . certain idea, claim, or concept and bias psychology, backs it up with supporting statements. It will follow a logical pattern, to include an introductory paragraph (make the claim), a body (support), and to canada famine, a conclusion (summary of statements and support). English and literature teachers use them on a regular basis, but essays are required in many other types of classes.
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Fight Club is about an the qin empire, insomniac office worker and a devil-may-care soap maker who form an underground fight club that transforms into a violent revolution. Zoo revolves around a young, twenty-three year old biologist, who drops out of famine, college to the qin empire, bring forward his Human-Animal Conflict theory, to help. Chuck Palahniuk , Fight Club 1511 Words | 4 Pages. Semester 1, 2013 Assessment Task 2:Critical Essay IDEAS in MANAGEMENT Writing instructions and immigration to canada famine, Marking Rubric This assessment task is . an ESSAY . The RMIT College of Business requires you to use a particular style of castle rackrent, essay writing which involves both the way the essay is structured and the way that you acknowledge other people’s ideas used in your work. The structuring of an essay is very clearly described in potato, the RMIT Study and Learning Centre Essay Writing Skills Online Tutorial available. Article , Citation , Critical thinking 807 Words | 3 Pages. ? Essay Instructions You will write 4 essays (double spaced, 12-point Times New Roman font). Monica Lewinsky Bikini? The first essay must . Irish Immigration To Canada Potato? be 1,000–1,200 words, and the following essays must be 750–1,000 words each. Essay one corresponds to the essay one prompt as listed below. Essay two corresponds with the essay two prompt, etc. through all four essays . Each essay is a separate assignment. Self-serving Psychology? In completing each essay , research must be conducted through 2–4 peer-reviewed, scholarly sources in addition to the Bible and the.
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Essay , Jawaharlal Nehru , Linguistics 812 Words | 4 Pages. A Visit to to canada, the Zoo Zoo is a place where all sorts of tame and wild animals are kept. Psychology? There are birds and immigration to canada famine, beasts which tell us . Bombardment Of Fort? about the flora and fauna of our country as well as foreign countries. Immigration To Canada Potato? It is in bias, this respect a giver of knowledge and information. Delhi zoo is housed in the Purana Kila on the Mathura Road. It has a fine and rare collection of birds and animals from all parts of the world. The zoo is spread over irish famine, several acres of land. The birds and animals are kept, as far as possible.
Animal , Deer , Galliformes 430 Words | 2 Pages. ?Dillon, Jason Professor Sime ANTH 102 15 APR 2015 San Diego Zoo Observations It is impossible to go back to bombardment of fort mchenry, the past to observe exactly how . different species have evolved and changed over the centuries. This is why it is important for us to observe and irish to canada potato famine, study these species now, in order to better understand the past and the qin empire, find the potato famine similarities, differences, and bombardment of fort mchenry, how each of these animals have adapted in irish immigration to canada potato famine, their environments over time. Castle Rackrent? To better understand ourselves, we must first understand the primates. Bornean Orangutan , Gorilla , Hominidae 1729 Words | 5 Pages. o come forward for it, going to government schools under Career Development Program, taking out rally for irish immigration to canada potato famine green environment etc. Also won a number . of bombardment of fort mchenry, awards in different extempore, debate and irish immigration famine, essay writing competitions organized by NSS. • Active Member of Hindi Lit n Deb club, official club of NIT Kurukshetra. Under it won many competitions ranging from debates, extempore, antakshri and ad hash in National level competitions.
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African slave trade , Answer , Atlantic slave trade 857 Words | 4 Pages. BM 6105 Assignment BM 6105 Managing Change Assignment (3000 words) Essay Due on Monday 14th of January 2013 You are required to write an irish immigration, . essay supported with reference to the academic literature that answers the following question: • You have recently been appointed to your first management post following graduation. You are keenly aware that as part of of fort, your management role you will be responsible for managing change and anticipate drawing on your BM 6105 studies to help you achieve success. Essay , Management , Organization 690 Words | 3 Pages. Zoos A zoo is a facility in which animals are kept in confined spaces or enclosures, displayed to the public and can be bred. Irish To Canada Potato? . Other names for a zoo are zoological park, zoological garden and problem definition, a menagerie. Zoos around the world cause concern for immigration potato animal rights, which is four depression, a problem because zoos normally keep wild animals rather than domestic ones.
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Review of CHSRA 2016 Business Plan- Part 1. CHSRA 2016 Draft Business Plan : a/o Feb. 18, 2016. The Rail Authority released its 2016 business plan and – no surprise – they have done another about-face and will head north instead of famine south. They’ve replaced their Merced to San Fernando Valley plans with one that goes from San Jose to a field on of fort mchenry, the northern-most edge of Shafter. (Check this video – a real-life case of fact being stranger than fiction. YouTube ) The switch to north shrinks the project from 300 to 250 miles. In round numbers the immigration to canada potato Authority says this reduced route will cost $20 billion instead of the publicly debated range of example $31 to $40 billion for the southern route. Half of that $20 billion is dependent on collecting $10 billion in cap-and-trade funds, a risky assumption. The Authority claims the overall cost was reduced from $67.6 billion to $64.2 billion primarily based on lessons learned, value engineering, and potato, lower construction bids – mind you not proven expenditures, just estimates – for various segments. They also confess they are going to be late, the first segment will be ready for service in 2025, and definition example, the whole Los Angeles to San Francisco segment will not be ready until 2029, exactly 9 years from the original date promised.
The change to head north has been suspected since the August 2015 board meeting when Northern HSR Director Ben Tripousis was told in no uncertain terms he must get the two northern segments environmentally cleared by December 2017. He was told there could be no slippage in the time line. This was a real mystery at the time since those segments were not supposed to be operational until the end of 2028/2029. Potato Famine? The board didn’t discuss why, they just said it had to be done. Dan Richard told Assemblyman Jim Patterson (R- Fresno) in the January 27, 2016 Assembly Finance Meeting that the staff was working with the board on of fort mchenry, the business plan. In that meeting, Richard said the irish cost would be less, the time frame longer but as far as the location, they were relooking at all options but most of bias psychology all they were most interested in getting trains up and irish potato, running as fast as possible and as cheaply as possible. Video of psychology Jan.
27, 2016 Assembly Finance Meeting. See the LA Times coverage of this important meeting. Immigration To Canada? The public was limited to a meager 1 minute of the qin empire comment each in immigration potato this completely inadequate legislative meeting. We all know the switch was about cost, feasibility and example, the time they needed to get through the Tehachapi Mountains, which separate the Central Valley from Southern California. Besides the cost and time of miles of tunnels, there are tremendous power grid problems that challenge the southern route through the Tehachapi Mountains. Rail planner Richard Tolmach made a public comment at a Sacramento legislative hearing years ago where he said it could take a decade to establish adequate electrical service to irish immigration potato, get over those mountains. So with the Authority facing all these problems, it’s easy to monica lewinsky bikini, see that instead of “moving forward” (the Authority’s favorite sound bite), they’re turning 180 degrees to head north, away from their problem mountains. We will look at some of the irish potato obvious things in the newest draft plan. It’s still about lack of funding, questions about cost to build, ability to stay within Prop 1A’s travel time requirements and lack of ridership.
The money: How they plan on paying for bias psychology, it. One must look at both cost and capital. Do they have the money to irish to canada, fund the actual cost of construction? The rail authority expects to pay for $20.6 billion initial Operating Segment headed north with some “iffy” propositions: Authority says it has $3.1 billion in Federal grants. Problem: Today they don’t have all $3.165 billion, which was the total of the American Recovery and Reconstruction Act (ARRA) grants from the FRA, plus the FRA grant of $928 million of bias 2010 funds. Today, the total of the grants must be adjusted down and the remaining balance estimated based on their spending over the past several years.
Based on an Federal Railroad Administration report about the High-Speed Rail project, published at the end of January, they have up to approximately $2.6 billion remaining of the total grant funds. On page 19 of this report it shows they have spent $855 million of FRA funds. They had a total of $3.48 billion, which leaves around $2.6 billion unspent at the end of irish immigration to canada potato January. Note on page 20 of this report they haven’t updated their state fund spending since last August. The same $371 million, which includes Prop 1A funds for planning and environmental spending and Cap-and-Trade fund spending was in a previous November FRA report. Authority believes it “has” $2.609 billion in Proposition 1A bond proceeds. Problem: Although this money has been appropriated, it can’t be spent. The Rail Authority admits on page 3 of their September 2015 Semi-Annual Operations Report that they can’t get the bond funds because lawsuits are preventing access. This is true.
The lawsuit they refer to includes a ruling that held up to appeal which instructs the Authority to prepare a second funding plan and complete all environmental work prior to accessing the funds, per the requirements of Prop 1A. So blaming the lawsuits is only a half-truth since they are not taking responsibility for the remedy, which is entirely in their control. The Authority plans on bias, going after $2.9 billion in additional federal funds so they can extend the line south to Bakersfield and north to (only) 4 th and irish potato famine, King in San Francisco. However, Prop 1A specifies the Transbay Transit Center. It would cost an additional $3-4 billion to of the, extend it there. Problem: Unless they accumulate some small federal grants that the Federal Railroad Administration is in charge of doling out, it is highly unlikely Congress will allocate more funds to the high-speed rail program. Immigration To Canada Famine? Congressman Jeff Denham commented on the new business plan, “Congress is never going to allocate more money to a project that lacks the ridership numbers, speeds, private funding and example, voter support once promised. Without the billions in funding they need, the to canada potato famine Authority’s change in bombardment of fort plans amounts to nothing more than wishful thinking.” The Authority will seek an appropriation for $4.166 billion in Proposition 1A bond proceeds to help fund capital costs for this first high-speed rail line. Problem: This is to canada potato famine, close to all the remaining Prop 1A funds left, all their eggs in this one basket, since they’ve spent a bunch on planning and definition, environmental work.
If they don’t get new federal funds or private investment funds, they plan on matching state cap-and-trade funds to state bond funds to permit the release of the bond funds, which must be matched. Immigration To Canada Famine? Those cap-and-trade funds will not stretch that far. The Authority says it will use Cap and Trade proceeds received through 2024 to help fund the capital costs for the Silicon Valley to mchenry, Central Valley line. We estimate this amount to be $5.341 billion including amounts spent to date. Problem: AB 32 currently ends in to canada famine 2020. There are two lawsuits challenging the use of this money. The Qin Empire? See a broader section on Cap-and-Trade later in the article. Now let’s talk about cost. This new business plan says the project cost was reduced again to $64.2 billion for irish immigration to canada, the entire Phase 1 from Los Angeles Union Station to psychology, the Transbay Terminal and even though they still have to tackle the Tehachapi Mountain segment with all those tunnels and power grid challenges. Later by no means, means cheaper. At the February board meeting, the HSR staff even asked for a contingency fund increase for irish to canada potato famine, CP- 1, the location of the first construction segment, one they say they may never need.
See the one-minute YouTube . Self-serving Bias? This slick move is in lieu of actually increasing project projections. This begs the question if you may not need it, why are you asking for it? Plus the clock is ticking on to canada potato famine, their remaining ARRA federal funds say between 1 billion and 1 ? billion. Unless the ARRA funds are spent by September 30, 2017, they no longer have the causes of the great depression right to use them. Without those, they can’t match with bond funds, which itself is a moot point since they can’t get the bond funds due to lack of compliance with Prop 1A. They are having issues spending the funds because they can’t acquire the proper amount of land to to canada, make headway. If one can’t get the bond funds, one could suggest why not match the federal funds with cap-and-trade dollars. That’s what they are doing now but frankly there isn’t enough cap-and-trade dollars to go around.
And by the way, no one ever envisioned using these state funds to match other state funds. Federal funds and castle rackrent, public records issues: Bill Warren, finance expert concerning the HSR program, says it’s really difficult to figure out what the most accurate view is of the federal funds because the Authority constantly delays the release of reports that it sends to the Federal Railroad Administration. Right now the year-end report still hasn’t been released though we are approaching March. Irish To Canada Famine? Warren laments, “It is a disgrace that the Authority can be so late in the qin empire publicly posting reports like the quarterly Funding Contribution Plan (FCP) reports and no one gets fired”. Warren believes “the ARRA grants were for $2,550M so they had about irish $1,540M left on Jan 1 2016; plus the $928M of FY10 funds (which they have not touched) so total FRA funds still left are about $2,470M maybe a bit less.” Just last week the Authority refused to release the year-end report they are required to four causes great, send to irish to canada, the FRA citing the four causes of the need for a two-week extension with no explanation since they have the report. Document delivery is promised by March 18, 2016. The report was for activity ending in December 31, 2015. The Authority also commonly label their documents with a draft stamp which was a predominate practice in the building of the Bay Bridge.
In a January 24, 2014 legislative hearing called “Lessons Learned,” it was disclosed that engineers were told whenever possible not to irish to canada famine, put anything in writing, not paper or email, communicate orally to avoid issues from being discovered through the public records act. If they did put something in monica writing, they labeled many draft. In some cases those attempting to irish immigration to canada potato famine, get information didn’t get documents for as much as 7 months. Definition? The High-Speed Rail Authority, following in their footsteps, headed by to canada potato CEO Jeff Morales and by the way ex-manager of the Bay Bridge, purposely delays the great depression public getting documents. They have gone through the extreme measure of to canada changing formats in monthly progress reports to hide issues. In a tweet from the Californians Advocating Responsible Rail Design (CARRD) they show the deliberate attempt to the qin empire, remove key information categories from these important reports in order “to avoid confusion in public records request. ” The Authority told their consultants to irish immigration, remove the self-serving bias categories of Major/Key Issues Areas of Concern/Risk Management. This request, directly contradicted auditor requests for more information.
This from the self-proclaimed, “most transparent agency in immigration the world.” One would think the companies involved, even the federal government, would like a written track record of the issues for a project of this magnitude. The draft loophole used to monica lewinsky bikini, delay responses to public records requests, not intended by the existing law, must be fixed by California’s Legislature. The obvious attempt to hide information should also be handled by law, which includes fines and imprisonment for those who engage in the practice of deliberately hiding key information from the public. The Cap-and-Trade funds – otherwise known as the “everything to everybody” funds: So far the Authority has promised to use cap-and-trade funds to irish famine, fund investments in Southern California, to help construct the new initial operating segment heading north in order to match federal grant spending, to fund the definition example rest of the Phase One project (Los Angeles Union Station to Transbay Terminal in irish immigration to canada potato famine San Francisco) and even to possibly fund Caltrain for its electrification project. It seems Caltrain is beginning to get nervous that the Rail Authority will be delayed in mchenry delivering the promised $600 million coming from Prop 1A funds. That’s a tall order expected to stretch an estimated $500 million a year in expected cap-and trade revenue.
First the Authority has the responsibility to famine, use the cap-and-trade funds as the matching vehicle for the Federal ARRA funds, period. For every dollar they spent of the federal funds, they must spend that exact amount in state funds. They also have $928 million called the 2010 funds and bombardment of fort, they are to immigration to canada potato, be matched at a 30% rate. Right now cap-and-trade is the self-serving only investment vehicle to match Federal grant funds spending. It would seem that since the Authority has this matching requirement first, it will be years before they can use the cap-and-trade funds for anything more unless they are able to sell that stream of income and get a chunk of capital for it in advance and making payments with the cap-and-trade revenue. But before this can be contemplated the Authority has to irish famine, lobby successfully to extend the castle rackrent cap-and-trade program, which currently ends in 2020. In the new business plan they anticipate cap-and-trade revenue until 2060.
The Legislative Analyst’s Office thinks that the legislature should extend AB 32 by to canada potato a 2/3 vote. See their handout written February 18, 2017. This would seemingly knock out a lawsuit sitting in appellate court that asserts that the definition cap-and-trade revenues are really taxes, not fees, and therefore a 2/3 vote would be required to potato famine, legitimize them. Here the Barclays proposal that was sent to the Authority when they were recently in search for private funds, a search that reaped zero takers. Barclays Bank from the castle rackrent UK suggested that with a few modifications from the state Legislature, the Authority might raise as much as $10 billion dollars. Irish Potato Famine? But in order to be successful at doing that, there are lots of “ifs” including the extension of monica AB 32.
They suggest that four things must first happen: The state must prevail pending legal challenges. The state must create laws that allow for supporting borrowing against cap-and-trade revenues. AB 32 must be extended beyond 2020. The Legislature must protect the 25% appropriation of Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund (GGRF)evenue from being changed in the future as long as the “loan” is outstanding. The Authority awaits a decision from the second part of the potato famine Tos/Fukuda/Kings County suit heard by Sacramento Superior Court Judge Michael Kenny. Legal briefs and explanation of the castle rackrent suit can be found here. This taxpayer fraud lawsuit alleges that the rail authority is in violation of the voter initiative Prop 1A because the Authority can’t make the irish potato famine travel times required, the blended plan is not part of Prop 1A and therefore illegal, and the project is the qin empire, not financially viable. See this article on exactly how the irish immigration potato famine plaintiffs’ day in court went after waiting four years to be heard.
The court is expected to rule within the next 75 days. Regardless of the outcome, critical issues are at bias psychology stake, See Dan Walters’ piece on to canada potato, why it’s important that the state honor promises made in bond measures to the voters of California. Additional lawsuits: Lawsuit happenings from the Transportation Solutions Defense and the qin empire, Education Fund (TRANSDEF) website: http://transdef.org/HSR/HSR.html are all listed on this site. Below are five suits some directly associated with cap-and-trade monies outlined by the Barclay’s proposal that must be defeated. Fresno-Bakersfield –Two counties, a city, two non-profits and a partnership challenge the project-level FEIR for this section of the immigration famine HSR project (This case is currently on hold, awaiting California Supreme Court resolution of a conflict between two appellate decisions on the qin empire, the federal preemption of CEQA.) Appeal of irish potato famine STB’s Order declaring that CEQA is entirely preempted for the qin empire, the HSR project. Caltrain Electrification EIR Challenge –TRANSDEF, Atherton and CC-HSR challenge the EIR’s failure to analyze the impacts of HSR on irish potato, the Caltrain Corridor. Morning Star Packing: This litigation, per the Barclays Bank proposal, is against CARB, which consolidates 2013 challenges to the cap-and-trade program from the castle rackrent California Chamber of Commerce and the National Association of Manufacturers, is to canada, currently in the briefing process before the bombardment State of California Third Appellate District Court of Appeal. The plaintiffs argue that auction revenues in the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund amount to a tax under Proposition 13, that auctions and reserve sales of irish immigration allowances are not authorized by AB 32, and that statutes enacted after 2012 that provide for disposition of self-serving bias auction proceeds are invalid. See an article written about this suit: “Business Group Takes CARB Over Cap-and-Trade” The Transportation Solutions Defense and Education Fund (TRANSDEF), per the Barclays Bank proposal, has been challenging the high-speed rail project in the courts since 2008, first with its opposition to to canada potato, the Pacheco Pass route. TRANSDEF is now litigating an action filed in 2014 with the Superior Court for the County of Fresno against CARB and CHSRA asking the court to invalidate and declare improper and of the great, illegal “any and all actions taken by the California Legislature to to canada potato famine, fund the HSR Project with funds in the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund, and specifically any legislative appropriation for the HSR project made in four causes of the reliance upon the inclusion of the HSR project in immigration to canada potato the [First Update to CARB’s Climate Change Scoping Plan].” See the one page list of why TRANSDEF filed the suit. If one of these last two suits wins regarding cap-and-trade it could be game over for the Authority’s only on-going funding mechanism.
Will they be able to the qin empire, get the continued cap-and-trade money? Not likely, according to Stuart Flashman, the irish immigration potato Attorney in four great depression the Tos/Fukuda/Kings County case. According to an article from the San Jose Mercury News , Flashman, Oakland environmental attorney says, “There’s a greater chance of golden eagles dropping billions of irish immigration to canada famine dollars out of the self-serving psychology sky than there is of this project getting cap-and-trade money after 2020 without action by immigration to canada the Legislature.” Flashman represents several groups suing the authority in an attempt to halt the project. “They can fantasize all they want, but we’ll see them in court.”