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APA Format Examples, Tips, and Effective Employee Essay, Guidelines. Model Cipp. APA format is the Effective Employee Involvement Essay official style used by the American Psychological Association and is commonly used in psychology, education, and other social sciences. Check out def of anxious, this gallery of examples, tips, and guidelines for writing papers in APA format. Employee Involvement Essay. Your title page should include a running head, page number, article title, author name, and author affiliation. Gram. The sixth edition of the Effective Employee Essay APA Publication Manual contained a few changes to the format of an APA style title page. Your title page should contain a running head that is flush left at the top of the def of anxious page and a page number that is flush right at the top of the Effective page. The Kingdom Of God. The title should be at Employee, the top half of the page and should be centered between margins. Use both upper-case and def of anxious, lower-case letters.

This page should include the Involvement Essay title of your paper, your name, and your school affiliation. Theories Of Management And Leadership. The APA suggests that your title is no more than 12 words in length. Effective Involvement. Avoid using titles or degree info (such as Dr. or Ph.D.) before and after your name. Your title should be a very concise statement of what the reader will find in the paper. In many cases, your title will identify the lab report major variables and the relationships between them. Effective Involvement. For example, #34;Effect of Sleep Deprivation on Math Performance#34; is an staining example of Effective Involvement a succinct title that clearly describes what the paper is gram about. The APA style guide also advises writers to Employee Involvement, avoid phrases such as #34;An Experimental Investigation on. Model Cipp. #34; or #34;A Study of. #34;. Involvement. You should also avoid any extraneous words that do not add meaning to gram, your title. All sources cited in Essay, your psychology paper should be included in the reference page. The reference page should appear at the end of your APA paper. The purpose of state demanded that the new of rights? this page is to Involvement, provide a list of sources used in theories and leadership, your paper so that the reader can easily look up all of the Effective Involvement materials you cited.

One of the gram staining first rules you should observe on Effective Employee Involvement Essay, your reference page: If you cited the article in your paper, it must appear in religious on abortion, the reference list. Conversely, if a source appears on your reference page, it must be cited somewhere in your paper. Your references should begin on Effective Involvement Essay, a new page with the title References centered at to the before, the very top. Do not underline, italicize or place quotation marks around the References title. Some More Basic Reference Page Rules. Employee Essay. Your references should be alphabetized by the term prehistory to the period before, the last names of the first author of Employee Essay each source. All references should be double-spaced. Each reference should use a hanging indentation: the first line of the reference should be flush left, but each additional line of the reference needs to def of anxious, be indented.

In article titles, only the Effective Essay first letter should be capitalized. If a colon appears in the title, the model cipp first letter after the Employee Essay colon should also be capitalized. The title should not be placed in views on abortion, quotations, underlined or italicized. All major words in Employee Involvement, the title of a journal should be capitalized; i.e. The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Longer works such as books and model cipp, journals should appear in Essay, italics. Def Of Anxious. In the case where the Employee Essay same author is cited multiple times for to the upper different works, start by listing these references in Employee Essay, chronological order with the which demanded the new include a bill oldest reference appearing first and Effective Involvement Essay, working your way up to gram lab report, the most recent one. Effective Involvement Essay. Learn more about theories and leadership, APA references: Tables are a great way to Employee Involvement Essay, display a great deal of theories and leadership information in a concise, clear and Effective Employee Involvement Essay, easy to read format.

In APA format papers, tables are generally used to describe the results of statistical analysis and other pertinent quantitative data. However, it is important to note that tables are not simply used to replicate data that has already been presented in the text of the of God Essay paper and Effective Employee Essay, not all data should be presented in a table. Prehistory Refers. If you have little numeric information to present, it should be described in the text of your paper. The official APA publication manual recommends designing your table with the reader in mind. Strive to Effective Involvement, communicate data in a way that is clear and views, easy to Effective Involvement, understand. Basic Rules for of management Tables in APA Format. Involvement Essay. All tables should be numbered (e.g. Theories. Table 1, Table 2, Table 3).

Each table should have an individual title, italicized and presented with each word capitalized (except and , in , of , with , etc.). For example, Correlations Between Age and Test Scores. Try to ensure that your title is neither too general nor too specific. Each table should begin on a separate page. Employee Involvement Essay. Horizontal lines can be used to the term refers to the period before, separate information and make it clearer. Do not use vertical lines in an APA format table. According to the new sixth edition of the Effective Employee APA manual, a table can be either single-spaced or double-spaced.

The key is to the new a bill, keep the table readable and the spacing consistent. All tables should be referenced in the text of the paper. Effective Involvement. Tables should be last, after your reference list and appendixes. You should use a font that is large enough to def of anxious, read without magnification Focus on Effective Employee Essay, keeping your table concise. Too much extraneous information can overwhelm and staining lab report, confuse the reader. Involvement. Stick to reporting the refers to the of most important data.

Remember that your table is there to Effective, supplement rather than replicate the state demanded the new constitution a bill of rights? text of your paper. Do not feel the need to discuss every element of your table in your text. Effective Essay. Instead, mention key highlights and tell the reader what to look for in your table. Table headings should be located flush right. Model Cipp. Each column should be identified using a descriptive heading. Employee Involvement Essay. The first letter of each heading should be capitalized. Abbreviations for standard terms (e.g. M, SD, etc.) can be used without explanation. Uncommon definitions should be explained in a note below the table. Additional Notes to theories of management, an APA Format Table. If additional explanation is needed, a note can be added below the Involvement table.

There are three kinds of of management and leadership notes: General notes, specific notes, and Effective Employee, probability notes. General notes refer to model cipp, some aspect of the Involvement entire table; specific notes refer to a particular column or row; probability notes specify the probability level. Is the the term to the before table needed to present data or could the data simply be presented in the text? Does the title of your table clearly but briefly explain what it is about? Is the Effective Employee Involvement spacing consistent throughout the of God Essay table? Does the Effective body of the paper refer to the table? Is each column of the table clearly labeled? If your paper contains more than one table, are they similar in format and The Kingdom of God Essay, presentation?

Are any special or uncommon abbreviations explained in Involvement, notes? American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication Manual of the limit of American Psychological Association. Involvement Essay. Author: Washington, DC. Journal articles should appear in model cipp, alphabetical order in your APA format reference list. Effective. Consult the capacity refers to the upper limit of image below for examples of journal articles in Effective Employee, APA format. Capitalize the first word in the title, subtitle, and the new include, proper nouns. Italicize the Effective Involvement Essay name of the theories publication and the volume number. Employee Involvement Essay. The basic format of state demanded constitution include of rights? a journal article reference involves listing authors by Employee Involvement Essay, their last names followed by their initials. Next, the capacity publication year is enclosed in Employee Essay, parentheses and followed by a period. The title of the article should then follow, with only the first word and model cipp, any proper nouns capitalized.

The title of the Effective Employee Involvement Essay journal should then follow along with the volume number, both of which should be italicized, and the page numbers of the capacity refers to the upper limit of article should also be included. Involvement Essay. Finally, a DOI number should be included if one is religious views on abortion available. Referencing electronic sources in APA format requires special style concerns. Effective Employee. Electronic References Are Similar to model cipp, Other References. The basic format of an electronic reference is Effective Employee very similar to that of any other reference. However, you do need to include the date the the new include a bill reference was retrieved from the Internet as well as the online location of the document. As you perform research and accumulate sources, always be sure to note the Employee Involvement date you found a particular source as well as its exact location on the Web. Use a Digital Object Identifier When Possible. Religious Views On Abortion. Because online URLs can change, the APA recommends utilizing a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) in your references whenever possible. A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string that begins with a 10 as well as a prefix (a four digit number assigned to organizations) and a suffix (a number assigned by the publisher).

Many publishers will include the DOI on the first page of an electronic document. If a DOI is available, simply include it at the end of the Employee Involvement reference as follows - doi:10.0000/00000000000.

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Roots: The Saga of an Employee Essay, American Family, Alex Haley - Essay. Roots: The Saga of an American Family Alex Haley. (Full name Alexander Murray Palmer Haley) American novelist and biographer. The following entry presents criticism on Haley's novel Roots: The Saga of an of God Essay, American Family (1976). Roots: The Saga of an Employee, American Family (1976) is an historical novel that purports to trace the African American ancestry of its author, Alex Haley, back to a tiny village in Gambia, West Africa.

Within two years of its publication, more than eight million copies of the book had been printed in twenty-six languages, and def of anxious, Roots had won 271 awards, including the Effective Involvement Essay, Pulitzer Prize. Published in 1976, the volume also inspired a generation of ancestor-seeking Americans and led to def of anxious, one of the most ambitious and most-watched television productions ever undertaken. Roots author Alex Haley was born in 1921 in Ithaca, New York, the eldest of three sons. His father was a college professor; his mother a schoolteacher. Haley grew up in the small town of Henning, Tennessee, where his early memories reportedly included stories from elderly relatives about an African ancestor who refused to respond to the slave name Toby. The tales of his childhood eventually inspired the search for his past that led to Involvement Essay, the writing of Roots. Although Haley's reputation in the literary world rests primarily upon model cipp this much-acclaimed historical novel, he is also remembered for writing Malcolm X's as told to autobiography in Employee Involvement Essay, 1965. Haley wrote many articles for popular magazines, appeared on countless television shows, and def of anxious, lectured throughout the Involvement, country until his death in 1992. Plot and Major Characters. Roots is the story of Kunta Kinte, a Mandinkan from the views, small village of Juffure, Gambia, in West Africa, and his American descendants. Kunta Kinte was the African about whom Haley's grandmother and others told stories. Roots imaginatively recreates the Involvement Essay, life of maximum to the limit of Haley's ancestor in Africa, his capture into slavery in Effective Employee Involvement, 1676, and his experiences as a slave in Spotsylvania, Virginia.

Kunta refused to forget his African heritage and adopt the ways and customs of his white masters. He made attempts to escape slavery, until after his fourth try his foot was severed by a slave-catcher. He later married Bell, the slave cook in the big house on the plantation, and they had a daughter named Kizzy. Model Cipp. Kunta spent Kizzy's childhood teaching her the sounds of his native African language and imparting tales of her African ancestry. At the Effective Employee Involvement, age of fifteen, Kizzy was sold to a master whose rape of def of anxious his new young slave resulted in the birth of the third generation, George, who in turn learned of his African heritage through the stories of his mother. This was the most famous of Effective Employee Involvement Haley's ancestors, after Kunta Kinte. George, known as Chicken George for refers limit of his success as a gamecock trainer, fathered eight children with Mathilda. Effective Employee Essay. His fourth son, Tom, was the father of Haley's maternal grandmother, Cynthia, who was taken to Henning, Tennessee, on a wagon train of The Kingdom of God Essay freed slaves. In Henning, Cynthia met and Involvement Essay, married Will Palmer and had a daughter named Bertha, who married Simon Haley: these were Haley's parents.

The linear direction of the plot of Roots can be captured by the genealogical litany summarized above. The saga, however, incorporates the violence and degradation experienced by slaves at every turn in the story, from the model cipp, inhumane capture of Employee Essay young men and women on prehistory refers to the period, the shores of West Africa and the unspeakable horrors of the Employee, subsequent Middle Passage across the Atlantic Ocean, to the beatings, rapes, mutilations, and def of anxious, brutal living and working conditions to which slaves were routinely subjected, when they were not being bought and sold in marketplaces. Each generation from Employee Involvement, Kunta Kinte on preserves memories of the ancestral past while achieving incremental and achingly slow progress toward the day when they would be slaves no more. Roots riveted public attention on one of the most painful chapters of American history, and maximum capacity to the, yet it was readand in its television version, watchedby millions of Americans, black and Effective Essay, white. In addition to treating the obvious subjects of slavery, black identity, and the power of oral history, Roots celebrates resiliency, the triumph of human spirit over cruelty, and the strength of family connections, both within and across generations. Views On Abortion. Families work together to protect their members. Children are taught that principles are worthy of risk. Ancestral memories are preserved and passed on through the telling of stories to one's children, and humankind's universal search for its identity is given a personal face. These themes cross racial and ethnic boundaries and Employee Involvement Essay, help account for the book's immense popularity.

At the time of its publication, Roots was called the single most spectacular educational experience in race relations in America by Vernon Jordan, executive director of the National Urban League. The creative revelation of one family's story opened doors that had long been locked, in individual families and in American culture as a whole. Although critics generally lauded Roots, they seemed unsure whether to treat the work as a novel or as a historical account. While the The Kingdom of God Essay, narrative is based on factual events, the dialogue, thoughts, and emotions of the characters are fictionalized. Effective Essay. Haley himself described the book as faction, a mixture of fact and fiction.

Most critics concurred and def of anxious, evaluated Roots as a blend of history and entertainment. Newsweek applauded Haley's decision to fictionalize: Instead of writing a scholarly monograph of Essay little social impact, Haley has written a blockbuster in the term refers to the period, the best sensea book that is bold in Effective Essay, concept and theories of management and leadership, ardent in execution, one that will reach millions of people and alter the way we see ourselves. Some black leaders viewed Roots as the most important civil rights event since the Employee Essay, 1965 march on Selma, according to Time. Not all the attention accorded Roots was positive, however. In 1977 two published authors, Margaret Walker and Harold Courlander, alleged separately that Haley plagiarized their work in Roots. Charges brought by Walker were later dropped, but Haley admitted that he unknowingly lifted three paragraphs from views, Courlander's The African (1968). A settlement was reached whereby Haley paid Courlander $500,000. The same year other accusations arose, alleging that Haley had altered data to fit his objectives, fabricating ancestors and Effective Employee, changing timelines or geographic details to make the story into the one he wanted to tell. These charges were never proven or resolved, but Haley's supporters maintain that the author never claimed Roots was a factual document, calling it instead a work of the term prehistory period faction, fiction based on the facts of his ancestry, as he discovered them. Despite these controversies, the Effective Employee, public image of Roots doesn't seem to have suffered. It is still widely read in schools, and many college and refers limit, university history and literature programs consider it an essential part of their curriculum. Access our Roots: The Saga.

Study Guide for Involvement Essay Free. The Autobiography of Malcolm X (biography) 1965. Roots: The Saga of an American Family (historical novel) 1976. A Different Kind of Christmas (novella) 1988. Alex Haley's Queen: The Story of an theories of management and leadership, American Family [with David Stevens] (novel) 1993.

The Playboy Interviews (interviews) 1993. Alan Crawford (essay date 4 March 1977) SOURCE: Crawford, Alan. All in the Family. National Review 29, no. 8 (4 March 1977): 278-79. [ In the following essay, Crawford reviews Roots.] The end of the Effective Employee Involvement Essay, American artist's pilgrimage to Essay, Europe is the Effective Involvement Essay, discovery of America, Leslie Fiedler writes. So, too, the American artist's pilgrimage (if he is black) to on abortion, Africa: after 12 years of research and half a million miles of travel, Alex Haley has discovered an America that is feasting on his book [ Roots ] and Employee Essay, has devoured a television adaptation as well. Haley thus finds himself an Instant Celebrity, that most American form of notoriety and one which, I suspect, leaves him feeling most ambivalent. For. (The entire section is The Kingdom of God Essay 756 words.)

Get Free Access to this Roots: The Saga of an American Family Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and Employee Involvement, characters so you can understand them on views on abortion, your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go. Download our handy iOS app for free. Richard West (essay date 23 April 1977)

SOURCE: West, Richard. Roots and the Sunday Times. Spectator 238, no. 7764 (23 April 1977): 19-20. [ In the following essay, West questions the veracity of Haley's ancestral and historical claims in Roots.] As long ago as the mid-eighteenth century, a Negro slave from Employee Involvement, North America who had been given his freedom by a considerate white man, returned to his home by the Gambia river, afterwards writing a book about his experiences. Until well into the nineteenth century, some of those freed slaves who went to the settlements at Sierra Leone and Liberia were able to find their relations or at least their kinsmen.

Perhaps the majority knew to which tribe. (The entire section is 1894 words.) Get Free Access to this Roots: The Saga of an of, American Family Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Sandra Rattley (essay date May/June 1977) SOURCE: Rattley, Sandra. The Impact of Roots : Real or Imagined? Africa Report 22, no. 3 (May/June 1977): 12-6. [ In the following essay, Rattley questions the premise that Haley's book and Effective Essay, widely-acclaimed mini-series will have a significant impact on civil rights and issues of equality in the United States. ] Time magazine of February 14, 1977 said, and we quote:

In Chicago, they were talking about Haley's comet. In New York, Executive Director Vernon Jordan of the National Urban League called it the single most spectacular educational experience in of, race relations in America. (The entire section is 3628 words.) David A. Gerber (essay date fall 1977) SOURCE: Gerber, David A. Haley's Roots and Our Own: An Inquiry into Effective Employee Essay, the Nature of maximum upper limit a Popular Phenomenon. Journal of Ethnic Studies 5, no. Effective. 3 (fall 1977): 87-111. [ In the following essay, Gerber examines the social and popular culture phenomenon of the term to the Roots -inspired interest in family ancestry and Essay, African culture. ] For the moment let us withhold judgment and consider the following: While ABC-TV originally assumed it could lay claim to approximately 50,000,000 viewers for its $6,000,000 production of Roots, in def of anxious, fact at least 85,000,000 and perhaps as many as 135,000,000 Americans watched the prime-time. (The entire section is 12836 words.) Merrill Maguire Skaggs (essay date fall 1978) SOURCE: Skaggs, Merrill Maguire. Employee. Roots : A New Black Myth. Southern Quarterly 17, no.

1 (fall 1978): 42-50. [ In the following essay, Skaggs compares Roots with Richard Wright's Native Son.] The extreme popularity of Alex Haley's Roots, a book which seemed to reshape the literary image of blacks, suggests that the public was ready to reverse a whole cluster of limit of attitudes toward black Americans, and to view blacks exactly as the book demanded. But, as William James remarked, The most violent revolutions in an individual's beliefs leave most of his old order standing. New truth is always a go-between, a smoother-over of transitions. The. (The entire section is 3376 words.) SOURCE: Boyd, Herb. Plagiarism and the Roots Suits. First World 2, no.

3 (1979): 31-3. [ In the following essay, Boyd examines passages in Roots that author Harold Courlander charged were plagiarized from his novel, The African.] Plagiarism is a concept and a practice that can be traced all the way back to Roman law, and while it can be defined in Employee, several ways, for our modern sleuths and lawyers it has come to simply mean the act of one author appropriating the writings of def of anxious another authorin short, literary larceny. Such esteemed giants of Western literature as Chaucer, Shakespeare, George Bernard Shaw, and even Homer were accused. (The entire section is 2610 words.) R. Baxter Miller (essay date spring 1982) SOURCE: Miller, R. Baxter. Kneeling at Effective Involvement Essay the Fireplace: Black Vulcan-ROOTS and the Double Artificer. MELUS 9, no. 1 (spring 1982): 73-84. [ In the following essay, Miller traces parallels in Roots between the mythological Roman Vulcan, patron of arts and crafts, and the character of Kunta Kinte, craftsman and himself a mythical character to generations of def of anxious his descendants. Employee Essay. ] Most reviewers of Roots have overlooked Alex Haley's allusions to Vulcan. 1 L. D. Reddick, 2 a Temple University historian, observes instead that the book is a literary masterpiece, although the literary critic Larry King 3 believes the book is more.

(The entire section is 5400 words.) Helen Chavis Othow (essay date March 1983) SOURCE: Othow, Helen Chavis. Refers Limit. Roots and the Heroic Search for Identity. CLA Journal 26, no. Effective Involvement Essay. 3 (March 1983): 311-24. [ In the following essay, Othow discusses Roots as a modern epic that has wide cultural appeal because it embodies the ongoing human search for meaning. ] An exploration of a very representative body of modern literature reveals that an outstanding feature of its philosophical temper is a disconnected civilization.

1 The works of Ernest Hemingway, Arthur Miller, Albert Camus (to some degree), Samuel Beckett, John Barth, and Thomas Pynchon, all reflect the malaise of religious on abortion our times. Alex Haley's Roots 2 also embodies. (The entire section is 4979 words.) Carol P. Marsh (essay date March 1983) SOURCE: Marsh, Carol P. The Plastic Arts Motif in Roots. Effective. CLA Journal 26, no. Def Of Anxious. 3 (March 1983): 325-33. [ In the following essay, Marsh traces the significance of three major craftscarving, weaving, and Effective Employee, blacksmithingin the multi-generational saga of the African family traced in model cipp, Roots.] In Alex Haley's Roots, one of the Effective Employee Essay, prevailing motifs is that of the plastic arts. As the reader examines the novel, he finds that the refers period before, motif forms a part of the spiral structure, which, in turn, creates the work's theme of returning. 1 Thus, we find that Roots abounds with direct references to the plastic arts, and the motif seems to develop with. (The entire section is 3303 words.)

Michael Steward Blayney (essay date winter 1986) SOURCE: Blayney, Michael Steward. Roots and Employee Involvement, the Noble Savage. North Dakota Quarterly 54, no. 1 (winter 1986): 1-17. [ In the following essay, Blayney discusses similarities between the and leadership, Roots portrayal of Africans and the portrayal of North Americans as the mythical noble savage. ] Time Magazine called it Haley's Comet. Black readers hailed it as the most important event in Effective Employee Involvement Essay, civil rights history since the 1965 march on Selma, Alabama. In January, 1977, Roots was proclaimed the most popular television program in model cipp, the medium's history, with the last of eight consecutive episodes reaching an unprecedented 90,000,000 viewers. (The entire section is Employee Essay 7325 words.) Christopher O. Model Cipp. Griffin (essay date spring 1996) SOURCE: Griffin, Christopher O. Roots, Violence, and the Context of Intention. Griot: Official Journal of the Effective Involvement Essay, Southern Conference on upper, Afro-American Studies, Inc. 15, no. 1 (spring 1996): 1-14.

[ In the following essay, Griffin examines the use of violence as symbol in Roots.] This is ultimately the most profound claim that any ritual or any religious system can make: that through their thoughts and Employee Involvement Essay, actions, people can fill their existence with meaning. 1. Roots : for many today, the title carries connotations associated with words such as. (The entire section is 7226 words.) SOURCE: Fishbein, Leslie. Theories Of Management And Leadership. Roots : Docudrama and the Interpretation of Effective Essay History. In Why Docudrama? Fact-Fiction on Film and TV, edited by Alan Rosenthal, pp. 271-95.

Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois University Press, 1999. [ In the following essay, Fishbein discusses the merits and shortcomings of the use of television drama as a medium for the term prehistory refers period before preserving history. ] Roots was the sleeper of the 1976-77 television season, surprising even its makers by its phenomenal critical and commercial success. An unusual risk, ABC's production of Alex Haley's 885-page opus represented the first time that a network actually made a movie based on a major unpublished. (The entire section is 10778 words.) SOURCE: Taylor, Helen. Everybody's Search for Roots: Alex Haley and the Black and White Atlantic. In Circling Dixie: Contemporary Southern Culture through a Transatlantic Lens, pp. 63-90. Employee Involvement. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2001. [ In the following essay, Taylor traces numerous effects of Roots on American popular culture, academic black studies programs, and Southern identity. ] Gone With the Wind created, and perpetuated, a white myth of the South for international readers and audiences throughout the def of anxious, century.

In the Effective Employee Essay, bicentennial year, 1976, however, a work appeared that looked set to sweep Scarlett, Rhett, and their faithful Mammy into. (The entire section is 12058 words.) Allen, Robert L. Religious Views. The Black Scholar Interviews: Alex Haley. Black Scholar 8, no. 1 (1976): 33-40. Alex Haley talks about his parents, his upbringing, and his works, including the best-selling Roots and the mini-series to Effective Involvement Essay, be based on the book. Baldwin, James. How One Black Man Came to capacity to the of, be an American. New York Times Book Review (26 September 1976): 1, 2. Offers an appraisal of Haley's Roots. Baye, Betty Winston. Alex Haley's Roots Revisited. Essence 22, no. 10 (February 1992): 88-92.

Illustrated article profiling the. (The entire section is Effective Employee Essay 294 words.) Roots: The Saga of an American Family Homework Help Questions. This miniseries had a huge impact on popular culture. It was watched by def of anxious a huge proportion of the country and had an impact on people of all ethnicities. For many whites, the miniseries was a. This is an excellent question that may be best answered by Effective Involvement Essay a historian, rather than a book enthusiast.

The reason for this is that Alex Haley, the author of the novel Roots performed his research. I think two of the religious views, major themes that can be identified in this impressive text is the theme of coming of age and then the theme of human rights. Critics have argued that the first section of this. Haley's thesis centers on the search through one's genealogical past for one's identity. Haley's thesis is that the individual who lives in the present tense can be traced to conditions as far.

Kunta Kinte repeatedly refers to the fact that he knows who he is, and Employee, that he is maximum capacity refers upper sure of his identity. This is something that he comes to realise is Effective a gift that few of the slaves he meets in.

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Top 10 Details to Essay Include on a Nursing Resume. As healthcare recruiters, we reviewed thousands of nursing resumes. Unfortunately, the vast majority of them were missing multiple details that were important to the Nurse Managers and The Kingdom Essay, Nurse Supervisors who were largely responsible for making the hiring decisions. Moreover, missing these critical details can ultimately lead to a lower ranking within the Effective Essay, Applicant Tracking Systems so prevalent in todays hiring process. Def Of Anxious. We hope the Employee Involvement, information provided here will help you create an and leadership, amazing resume! First, its important to have an idea of how the Employee Essay, hiring process typically works in maximum capacity to the limit of order to thoroughly understand the Employee Involvement, importance of these critical details. When a job opens up to theories of management the general public, the healthcare employer can sometimes receive hundreds of resumes. In some cases, the Effective Employee Involvement, resumes are electronically ranked by Applicant Tracking Systems that award higher rankings for resumes that include the critical skills and def of anxious, experiences sought for the job. In any case, staffing office representatives, mostly recruiters, will review the rankings and resumes and Employee Essay, pass along the theories, best candidates to Effective the hiring managers.

Its important to def of anxious note that being the best often means having a resume with all the Effective Employee Involvement, critical details. If the information isnt there, then the resume stands a far greater chance of being removed from the and leadership, process. Its important to note that missing these details is not the nurses fault. Unfortunately, the Essay, vast majority of informational resources pertaining to resumes is very general in nature. Theories. General resources are useful only for people with very general careers like Sales. These resources are mostly useless for nurses. Meanwhile, many resources specifically related to Effective Employee Essay nurse resumes offer insufficient detail. Of God. Moreover, healthcare employers do a terrible job at conveying what theyre looking for in their job descriptions, so candidates have no clue what to include in their resumes. Skimming the list below may leave the Employee Involvement, impression that everything on it is obvious.

However, reading the details provided for Essay each item will most likely uncover items which are missing from your nursing resume . What to Include on Your Nursing Resume. There are literally thousands of potential professional affiliations for nurses. In most cases, employers want to know if you belong to any. For example, if you belong to the American Association of Critical Care Nurses or the Emergency Nurses Association, then most employers would like to know this. Include the following information: Affiliation name Your date of admission Offices held Brief description of your role or reason you chose this group over Effective Employee, others. 9. Honors/Awards/Special Assignments: As with every other resume, a nurses resume should include any honors and awards theyve received. Examples include honors and maximum refers to the upper, awards from school, work, volunteer work, professional affiliations, and even social clubs. Nurses should also include any special assignments they were given at work. Did you ever take charge duty?

Did you do any scheduling or mentoring? You may choose to Involvement Essay place these items under their own heading. However, this isnt necessary. You can also add them where applicable throughout the rest of your resume. 8. Specific Nursing Education Details:

Including the degree you earned (ADN, ASN, BSN, MSN, etc.) is a must. Not including it increases the chances that your resume will be removed from consideration. This is because the the term prehistory refers to the period, information is often required for the resume to Employee move through the capacity refers limit, process and it isnt easily attainable by the staffing office. So, theyll often pass on a resume that doesnt include the Employee Involvement Essay, information in The Kingdom of God Essay favor one that does. Provide at least the following information about your education: Name of school Degree earned Beginning date Completion date City, and State.

You might also consider adding a description that includes achievements, awards, scholarly organizations and activities, or your GPA if it was really high. Of course, scholastic achievements are more important the Employee Involvement, earlier you are in your career, so keep that in mind when crafting the education section of maximum to the upper limit of your resume. Finally, you may also wish to include details on any continuing education units youve taken within the last 2 years. Bonus: Are you bilingual? If so, be sure to include it on Effective Employee Involvement Essay your resume! According to a recent study from Wanted Analytics, bilingual was the second most commonly required skill listed on religious nursing job advertisements. 7. Nursing License and Involvement, Certification Details:

It is highly recommended that you include the following for your licenses: License type (LPN, RN, NP, CRNA, etc.) Licensing State/Body Name on license if different from name on resume License expiration date License number If the license is part of the Nurse Licensure Compact, then state it clearly. Many people argue that a nursing license number should not be included on on abortion a resume as a matter of privacy. Involvement Essay. However, nursing license numbers are a matter of public record. They can be easily obtained from each states Board of Nursing using the religious views on abortion, standard information included on your resume.

Providing the Involvement, license number simply makes the recruiters job easier. And in a competitive job market, that could make all the difference in model cipp the world. When it comes to certifications, it is highly recommended that you include the following for every certification you hold: Certification name (BLS, ACLS, PALS, TNCC, etc.) Certifying body (AHA, etc) Expiration date, or date acquired if it has no official expiration date. Unlike most professions, nursing is conducted round-the-clock. Effective Employee Involvement Essay. Therefore, its best to convey the shifts youre willing to def of anxious work on your nursing resume. Effective Essay. Are you open to maximum capacity to the working 8, 10, and/or 12 hour shifts?

Are you open to working Days, Mids, PMs, and/or Nocs? You should include this information even if youre applying for a specific job with a specific shift. You never know if the employer has another opening that is unadvertised which you maybe qualified for. Moreover, resumes arent always submitted to specific job advertisements. In fact, many sources indicate that 80% of all jobs are filled through networking. Including your availability is very helpful for Involvement general job inquiries.

In addition, you should indicate your willingness to relocate when applicable. These statements regarding availability can be given their own heading, but its best to simply add them to your Professional Summary. The healthcare industry is going electronic. Paper charting will soon be a way of the past. Its imperative to list any and all Electronic Health Record (EHR) and model cipp, Electronic Medical Record (EMR) experience you have. According to Essay a recent study by Wanted Analytics, Electronic Medical Record was the most commonly required skill for nurses listed in religious nursing job advertisements. Epic Software and Meditech, popular EMR software packages, were also on the list. Of course, billing codes are a big part of EMRs. And both ICD10 and ICD 9 are among the Employee, most commonly listed skills in job advertisements. So if your scope of upper practice deals with this in any way, then be sure to add these to your resume. You may also want to include any other computer experience you have just in case it may be of value to the employer, or to at least demonstrate that you have computer skills if you lack experience with EHRs and EMRs. Signifying the type of Employee Involvement facility you worked in the term prehistory period tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words.

You should know the exact designation of Effective Employee Essay all the facilities you worked with and if you dont, now is the time to find out. Short term acute care? Long Term Care? Long Term Acute Care? Senior Nursing Facility? In addition, if you worked at def of anxious, a Trauma Hospital, then you should include this on your resume along with the trauma designation (1, 2, 3, etc). If you worked at a teaching hospital, then you should include this information. Such information can be included under the Employee Essay, specific job description in your resumes Work History section, or in your resumes Summary. For example, if the job listing youre applying for lists trauma hospital experience as necessary or desired, then its a good idea to identify your trauma experience in the resume Summary to make it stand out. Include the theories, number of total beds at the facilities you worked at, as well as the number of beds in the specific units on Involvement which you worked. Just like the facility type, providing the number of beds tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words.

We regularly saw resumes that listed things like 3 West as the unit. Refers Period. Unfortunately, only people who work at that facility know what that means. Instead, include the type of unit (MS, TELE, ICU, CVICU, ER, LD, etc) in order to convey the Employee, message. We cant stress enough how important this is. Also include your caseload. What was the nurse to patient ratio in this unit, and how much support was there in the form of LPNs, CNAs, or MAs? Include any other unit specific details as well. Did the theories and leadership, unit take trauma patients? Did the unit routinely deal with overflow from Employee Involvement other units?

If so, what types of on abortion patients were seen from overflow? 1. Specific Details/Duties and Effective Involvement, Accomplishments Regarding Your Nursing Experience: Up to this point, the focus has been on incidental, although very important, details. But what about the meat of your resume, the job descriptions and experiences that make up the bulk of your resume? When it comes to this, nurses are in model cipp the precarious position of balancing duties with accomplishments. You see, the current standard recommendation for resumes is to make them accomplishment driven. The idea is that you should provide specific accomplishments, as opposed to duties, that illustrate how your work translated into quantifiable and tangible results for your current and previous employers. Involvement. Advocates of this approach advise against listing duties on of God your resume. However, healthcare employers need to know that you have experience with the highly technical duties that are integral to Employee Involvement the job youre applying for. At the same time, they too want to know about model cipp your accomplishments.

Therefore, its important to include details about the specific day-to-day duties you performed. However, at the same time, you dont want to fall into Employee Involvement, the trap of creating a duties-driven resume. Managing this challenge represents a key difference between nursing resumes and general resumes. Before we continue, its best to address the 800 pound gorilla in The Kingdom of God Essay this conversation. Nurses sometimes have hundreds of duties and responsibilities. How do you choose which ones to list because you certainly cant list them all? We hate to Involvement say it, but including things like, Provided patient care is a complete waste of space.

Its simply too general. Our experience indicates that many nurses believe that nursing is very similar no matter where you go which may be the reason that such general statements are so often included in nursing resumes. In reality, the differences are stark between various facilities. For example, the Step-Down Unit at one hospital may not work with Swan-Ganz Catheters while the Essay, SDU in another hospital may. With that in mind, here are some general themes to Effective Employee Involvement consider when determining the types of duties to model cipp include on your resume. This list is not comprehensive, but it should help you understand the level of specificity that were talking about: Did you start IVs? Did you administer medications?

Which medications? What type of Involvement patients did you care for? Renal? Cardiovascular? Neuro? Ortho? Rehab? What was the Essay, age range of the patient population you cared for?

What specific equipment do you have experience with? Did you read strips? Work with vents? Trachs? Balloon pumps? Swan-Ganz? da Vinci Surgical System? Which industry-wide protocols, processes and procedures are you experienced with? For example, AIDET is among the most commonly listed requirements in nursing job advertisements. There are many similar protocols, processes and procedures throughout the industry, so be sure to make note of those that were used by Employee, your previous employers. Now, were still in the tough spot of Essay determining exactly which skills and Effective Employee, duties to include on the resume. First, start by including any duties specifically mentioned in the job description that you have experience with.

Next, do some research on the employer in question to find specific details that may help you decide which duties might be important to list. Use the company website, news, and any professional connections you have in an effort to determine the types of patients, processes and The Kingdom Essay, procedures common to the specific employer in question. Once you have the duties narrowed down, there are a couple of Employee Involvement Essay ways to convey them on model cipp your nursing resume. First, you can incorporate the Effective Involvement Essay, duties into your accomplishment statements. Prehistory Refers Period. We discuss this approach below. Second, you can simply list out the duties. While this is Employee Involvement Essay, less preferred, it is sometimes not possible to accomplish any other way. Your summary is a good place for this. Model Cipp. For example, you might include the following in your resume summary if youre applying for a position in the CVICU: Proficient with starting IVs, Intra-aortic balloon pumps, 12-Lead Placements, 12-Lead Interpretation, AICD Insertion, Beta Blockers, Argotroban, Atropine and other cardiovascular medications. Bonus: Given the large number of skills and duties nurses are responsible for, you may consider utilizing a Skills Checklist during your job search.

Skills Checklists are self assessment tools commonly used throughout the healthcare industry. BluePipes provides members with free access to over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that can be completed, saved and Employee, downloaded as PDF documents. You can view a sample here. Theyre a great way to of God convey your skills to Effective Employee Involvement potential employers. You might consider uploading them along with your resume when applying for jobs or you can bring them to your job interviews. Considerations for Accomplishments. Now that weve covered duties, lets take a look at accomplishments.

First, you can try to frame duties inside accomplishment statements in order to and leadership knock them both out at the same time. In other words, offer an Involvement Essay, explanation about how you achieved results while performing your duties. Again, this isnt always possible, but here are some considerations: Did you receive recognition or awards from your previous/current employer? Did your previous/current employer receive recognition or rewards? How did performing your duties contribute to that? When framing accomplishments, its also useful to on abortion know how your previous and current employers quantified their success as an organization. For example, patient satisfaction is typically tracked with programs like HCAHPS or Press Ganey. Did your employer experience improvements with such indicators? How did performing your duties influence that?

Next, its important to Involvement understand how your current and former employers measured your individual performance as this is very helpful when framing accomplishments. Nearly every healthcare employer conducts employee evaluations. Evaluations typically offer both qualitative and and leadership, quantitative information that can be leveraged when framing accomplishment statements. Again, you may choose to list specific duties youre proficient with separate from your accomplishments. Essay. Or, you may choose to frame the duties within your accomplishment statements. Or you may choose a combination of the of management and leadership, two approaches. In any case, its important to provide both job-specific duties and accomplishments on your nursing resume. Bonus: Healthcare is Employee Involvement Essay, very diverse. Many hiring managers would also like to know what other skill sets you have outside of your primary area of maximum to the upper limit of expertise. Did you float to the ER or LD units when needed? If so, then you may want to Effective Employee Essay provide some reference to the skills and accomplishments you achieved in these areas.

General perspective on nursing resumes. This may seem like a ton of information to incorporate into prehistory to the period before, a standard resume. Effective Essay. However, nursing is not a standard profession and concerns over resume length are becoming antiquated with the of God, advent of Applicant Tracking Systems. Moreover, the Effective Employee Involvement, push to force nursing and healthcare resumes to conform to the standard format that serves general professionals, like salespeople, is a disservice to both healthcare professionals and of management, employers. Healthcare professionals often miss opportunities to highlight skills and experience that are highly sought after. As a result, healthcare employers often miss out on Effective Involvement Essay perfect candidates. This push toward generalized conformity is theories of management, even prevalent on Effective Employee the most popular job boards, like Monster and CareerBuilder, and professional networking services like LinkedIn. Nurses and other healthcare professionals are better served by industry specific professional networking services like BluePipes. For example, BluePipes provides nurses with a profile builder capable of model cipp recording healthcare specific career details as well as the Effective Employee, ability to print the profile to PDF as a resume formatted specifically for healthcare professionals. So its like a cloud based resume service. It also offers several other tools that help nurses manage their careers more effectively and efficiently.

As always, your feedback is greatly appreciated. The Kingdom Essay. Please let us know what you think by posting a comment! 16 Tips To Prepare Your Nursing Resume For Applicant Tracking Systems Weve spoken to countless nurses and other healthcare professionals who. How to Write the Best Nursing Cover Letter A well crafted nursing cover letter can be just as. Nursing Resume Objective or Summary? Nurses often wonder if they should include an objective or. I am wondering how to list my experience as a maternal-child float RN of 2+ years. I worked 4 different units, all quite different, ranging from mom baby, to peds, peds ed/uc, and nicu. How do i go about Involvement addressing those different areas and responsibilities and skills, when they all fell under 1 position? Thank you for the information, its very helpful. Def Of Anxious. This site is of so much help to me. thank you, and it is Effective Employee Involvement, also free.

Its amazing, I just cant appreciate it enough. I was wondering, i am a one year experience nurse at a step down ICU (PCU), I am now looking for a job in of management an ICU. The locations and facility i am looking at have nothing for Essay experience nurses, but have a lot of maximum capacity refers to the upper of positions for new nurses that want to work in ICU. I just want to Employee Involvement Essay apply to the new nurse position and i really dont mind the pay. Now my question is, should i just use my new grad resume with my clinical experience or i should update my resume with my one year experience and apply although the position is for new grads. Model Cipp. please i will really appreciate any advise. Effective Involvement Essay. thanks you. How can I include my Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC on my resume.

Can I include it on my credentials area on top of my resume following my name and degree? I ask because the ANCC instructs to do so on their website. Ill be honest its somewhat confusing though, at least to me. I plan to include my Medsurg certification in certification section of my resume where BLS and RN licensure are, etc. I just wanted it to stand out and pop so to speak as to not have to read on to notice it. On ANCC site, on a How to Display Your Credentials page they instruct you to religious on abortion include RN- BC (Registered Nurse-Board Certified). Was hoping you could clarify or add something else.

Great web site thanks. Thanks for Effective Employee Involvement the inquiry, Jesse, and my sincerest apologies for the delay! Your Medical-Surgical Certification from The Kingdom Essay ANCC is considered a National Certification and should be listed after your name at the top of your resume and in Involvement Essay the Licenses and views on abortion, Certifications section of your resume. The order for listing credential after your name is: Highest Degree Earned State License National Certification Nationally Recognized Honors and Awards.

I hope this helps! I have been working out of the Effective Employee, acute care setting in public health nursing for 7 years. I have heard over and over that because I have been out of the acute care setting for maximum refers limit so long that I dont qualify for a lot of the Effective, positions that I have applied for. Admittedly, I have not used many nursing skills for the last 7 years, except for giving immunizations and occasionally drawing blood. I have gotten very weary and feel like I will not be able to find another job, and I am really not happy with my current job.

I am unsure of how to make my resume pop and have prospective employers want to give me a chance. I am not looking to get back into areas that are highly skilled, but I would not mind getting back into acute care. Any ideas. Kurt, I am an RN at a VA hospital in cardiac telemetry. The Kingdom Of God Essay. One of the Involvement, biggest hurdles to applying at any VA facility is the fact that USA Jobs is a digital screening tool as much as it is an online application portal. Matching as many keywords in the functional statements for your desired role in your application can be the difference between getting an interview and being passed over. Hope this helps! In your article you talked about whether or not your previous/current employer received recognition or rewards. Im working on applying for a position that is open for an orthopedic nurse after quitting my previous orthopedic nurse job. The hospital that I previously worked received recognition for their total joint replacement program.

I was wondering if this would be something that is good to include as part of prehistory to the period before my resume, considering I was a part of the unit during that time for the hospitals certification/recognition. If so, how would you go about including that in without making it seem just a random fact listed and make it more as an accomplishment for myself also since I was a part of that unit/team during that time. Thanks for the inquiry, Jessica. Yes, this is definitely something you can include on your resume. If you feel that youre not able to Essay expand in the term period a way that adequately describes your role in the achievement, then you may want to expand in your cover letter.

On your resume, you might want to couple this team achievement with one of your own that demonstrates you were a key contributor. For example, you might have received an individual award or a high employee evaluation score. You may also want to include this in your summary as opposed to Effective Employee Involvement the job description to the term make it stand out a little more. I hope this helps! I am an experienced OR nurse who has performed in just about every surgery setting from Open heart to Ophthalmology, outpatient as well as pre-op admitting and recovery In the past I have managed a surgery department at a busy hospital and also ran a surgery center. Effective Employee Involvement. I have been fortunate to def of anxious have been able to take off time to stay home and be with my children. Employee Involvement. That being said, I am worried about the theories of management and leadership, years off and blank space on Essay my resume. How would you go about filling in the gap? I have volunteered in theories of management and leadership multiple areas at their schools, from organizing an Emergency Preparedness fair, fundraisers and teaching Compression Only CPR. My license and continuing CEUs have always rained current.

Do you think this will make it difficult for me as I try entering the job setting? I appreciate any suggestions you might have. Thanks for the inquiry. There is no steadfast rule on Effective Involvement how to handle this situation, but there are two fundamental approaches to consider. First, you can consider a Functional Resume. Functional resumes are resumes that focus on skills instead of def of anxious experiences. In your case, you would focus on all of your OR experience. Involvement Essay. You might have a small section to The Kingdom list your previous employers. or you may even choose to leave it out entirely. There are many examples of Functional Resumes available on the internet. Second, you could use a traditional chronological resume. In this case, you would list your experience raising the kids as one of the entries in your chronological work history.

You could include details on the experiences mentioned in your comment on Effective Employee this blog post. Again, there is no right or wrong way. Maximum Capacity Refers Upper Limit Of. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. To answer your question, yes, this situation is Involvement Essay, always a bit of challenge. However, experienced nurses are in high demand at the moment, so you should be fine. Also, Im personally inclined to recommend the chronological format. The main advantage of def of anxious Functional Resumes in this particular case is to Effective Employee Essay draw attention to your skills and away from the model cipp, gap in recent experience.

However, employers are going to Effective Employee Involvement find the gap no matter what. So, I think its best to embrace it. With the model cipp, chronological resume, you can still include all the applicable skills. I hope this helps! I have worked in Effective Employee Involvement home health and corrections for about 5 years now. I have done a lot of basic nursing ranging from blood draws, interpreting labs, starting IVs, wound care, peritoneal dialysis, picc line care (including using clot busters) and removal.

IV anti biotics, med passes small and large including mental health medication passes. Maximum Refers To The Of. I have responded to Effective Involvement chest pain calls, shortness of breath, hangings, falls, knife wounds, self inflicted wounds, and unresponsive patients. I have worked in a corrections hospital with acute and long term patients as well as hospice patients, but it isnt seen as ER work even though it seems from talking to def of anxious other nurses that that isnt so far different than those working in a hospital ER.. Trying to format my resume to make my experience fit into what the Essay, Veterans Administration would want/be attracted to.. I am a soon to be retiring Military Nurse and religious, will be transitioning to the civilian workforce. How important are listing awards? I have numerous military awards based on Effective Essay my work ethics and performance on the job, but I am afraid that the model cipp, general public is not going to have any idea what they are or mean.

Also, any good tips on turning military missions into civilian language? Thanks for Involvement your service!! I think its a great idea to add the prehistory, awards to your resume. You could do one of Essay two things. Simply list them out by their official name. Theres a good chance that the reviewer will search for the award on the internet and find it. Or, you could add a very brief description of the award in the term prehistory to the before parentheses.

For example: X Award (earned for valor in action). Either way, if you have a lot of awards, then you may want to include only the highest ranking awards. Effective Employee Involvement Essay. If you choose to theories and leadership list many of them, then put them in Effective Employee Essay columns or in a continuous stream separated by commas to theories and leadership save space. Conveying your military experience in Effective Employee Involvement Essay civilian language can be challenging if you did not work in capacity upper limit a military hospital. My apologies, but I lack the technical expertise to provide detailed recommendations. That said, Id recommend reviewing the job descriptions for the jobs youre applying for Employee Essay use them to guide your efforts whenever possible.

I hope this helps and thanks again! I have a position working in a float pool (we call it the Mobile Unit). The unit is split into two different tracks, med/surg (HV general acuity patients; ortho/urology/gen/gyn surgery; neuro/ENT; Onc [recent unit merge means I dont float here anymore]; gen med; adult psych; child/adolescent psych; Postpartum (moms and babies); inpatient rehab) and critical care track (Onc/Med/Surg IMCU; ICU; HV high acuity patients; ER; Neonatal ICU). How do I discuss bed numbers for def of anxious each unit and descriptions that highlight any specific training I have had to play into each patient population? It seems like theres no way for me to Effective cover all of this detail without leaving a lot out or getting too wordy. I also accepted a critical care position, but have not transitioned yet. My husband just got a job out of state, so we have to relocate, as much as I love my current employer. This is a great question; thanks for posting it here! Youre right, youre probably not going to be able to convey the broad spectrum of your experience without getting too wordy for your nursing resume. So, youll need to offer some general details as well as some specific details.

When it comes to specifics, its best to tailor your resume to the specific job youre applying for. To The. Find out what theyre looking for and be sure to convey that you have the skill set, or convey relevant details about your experience. I believe this is the Employee, most important consideration for your resume. When it comes to generalizations, you could offer a description similar to the one youve provided here. For example: I worked on a Mobile Unit, or Float Pool, caring for Med/Surg patients 50% of the time and ICU patients 50% of the time. The Med/Surg patients included Postpartum, PSYCH, general Med/Surg, and Neuro/ENT. The ICU patients included ER, NICU and general ICU.

Unit sizes varied from 5 beds up to 25 beds. You might also try utilizing skills checklists to convey your experience, especially if you make it to the interview stage. The Kingdom Of God. Also, many applicant tracking systems allow applicants to upload documents, so you might be able to upload skills checklists there. You can complete and save skills checklists on BluePipes and Employee Involvement Essay, utilize them at your convenience. I hope this information helps! My husband was an ICU nurse for theories 5 years (18 months of that he was an Effective, ICU travel nurse) but took 2.5 years off to work in another field. Hes now applying for nursing positions as we prepare to move.

Should he address the model cipp, clinical gap in his resume? With just his last RN job listed, it looks like he last worked in 2013 though hes been employed as a youth minister since then. How should he handle this? Yes, you should address the Effective Employee Involvement Essay, gap in the resume. Its fairly common for hospitals to def of anxious require the Effective Employee Involvement Essay, last 7 years of work history to be included on capacity refers to the of their job applications. A large percentage of the Effective Employee Involvement Essay, hospitals I worked with had similar requirements for resumes. Unfortunately, the default assumptions when it comes to employment gaps are all negative.

Do your best to tie the to the limit, experience into nursing. I believe most career advisers would recommend the same. Involvement. I hope this information helps! I am applying for RN jobs, but am still waiting to take my boards (will take them within the next 1-2 months). How should I address this on theories of management and leadership my resume? You may want to Effective Employee Involvement add an excerpt under Licenses and Certifications or your Summary (or wherever appropriate) that provides the date youre scheduled to theories of management and leadership take the exam. For example: RN: Scheduled for NCLEX on July 9, 2015. I hope this helps!

Thank you! I think thats what ill do. For a new graduate of a second-degree BSN program, would you recommend including GPA (3.9) on a resume? Thanks for the question, Emily! Yes, I recommend adding a great GPA to your nursing resume.

We discuss this in Effective Involvement our blog post on religious views on abortion new grad resumes and in our blog blog post on job search tips nurses should avoid. Many people argue that your GPA doesnt matter. Employee Essay. They say that all that matters is that youre licensed. If that were the case, then no details about you as a person, your work ethic, or achievements would matter either. And we know thats not true. It is HIGHLY unlikely that your resume is passed over because you included your high GPA. The Term Refers Period Before. Meanwhile, many hospitals and Effective, hiring managers love to see it, and assign value to it. So yes, by all means, add it. I hope this helps!

Great work, by the way! I am wondering if I should include phone numbers for my previous employers? If yes, which number should I use the general number, the unit, or HR? Also, some of my employment history goes back many years and the identifying information(number of beds, etc.) has changed. I do not have the correct information from when I worked there. How should I list this information? Is there a good way to find current identifying information for a hospital? Thanks in advance for your response. Thanks for posting these great questions! First, there are no set rules for nursing resumes, so youll find some disagreement on almost every resume recommendation. That said, the general rule is to the period before, that you should not include the contact telephone numbers for your previous employers on your resume.

In fact, you dont need to include the complete address either. The city and state will suffice for your resume. On a side not, chances are that youll be applying for Effective Involvement Essay most jobs on the companys website through an applicant tracking system. These online applications may allow you to enter the def of anxious, telephone numbers and addresses for your former employers. In this case, I always recommend adding every last bit of Effective Employee Involvement information you can to your online applications.

Again though, thats separate from your resume. On a another side note: If you are applying for travel nursing jobs, then you should include the theories of management, telephone numbers and the supervisor names for Effective Employee Essay your previous jobs. In order to find current information for your former employers, you can use a website like The American Hospital Directory. They have a free hospital profile lookup tool. I recommend using the the term, advanced search for best results. Please note that the links to these pages are underlined in blue. Here you will find the current contact information, number of beds, teaching hospital status, trauma status, etc. If you are unable to locate the information here or if your former employers are not hospitals, then you can simply try a google search for them or try the Medicare.gov site. If your former employer does business with Medicare, then they should be in the database with current informationassuming they want to get paid :-). Now, about your older work history. Many resume experts recommend including only the last 10 years of work history on your resume.

However, that assumes that your prior experience may no longer be applicable to your current job search. Others argue that you shouldnt include more than 10 years of work history because you dont want to date yourself. Theyre concerned about ageism in the hiring process. These same people recommend not to include the dates you attended college. Ultimately, its up to Involvement Essay you to include this information, I just wanted to provide some considerations. I hope this information helps. Please let me know if there are further questions!

Help! I have over religious views, 22 years of clinical experience including ICU, hemodialysis, and outpatient surgery ctr (pre and Involvement, pacu), and for the last 6 years (in addition to the 22 years) Ive been reading electronic charts to extract data and support level of model cipp care (Im told this is utilization review by a friend but we never called it that in work). Now Ive been laid off (it was a large comp layoff). Im trying to get into QA, UR, pre cert or case managment. I was told I have a solid resume but Ive gotten 3 calls in 3 months, I blew the Effective Essay, first interview and the next 2, they said they wanted CM experience. What do I need to and leadership do to get into these fields?

Any suggestions? Were sorry to hear about your current situation! Its always difficult to break into Effective Essay, an entirely new field. However, it sounds as though you have some experience to build on. Religious Views On Abortion. Typically, Case Management and Utilization Review require InterQual experience. If you have experience with that system, then be sure to include it on your resume.

Otherwise, see if you can obtain some training in it. Check with local and Effective Employee Involvement, state agencies to see if there are any offerings for def of anxious people in Employee Involvement your situation. Also, review the capacity refers to the upper of, specific details of Employee Involvement Essay each job opening and tailor your resume to include the key requirements where applicable. Check to see if there is a local association that you can network with like the Case Management Society of def of anxious America for example. Effective. Ask anyone you speak with if a Case Management Certification would improve your chances, perhaps even call the def of anxious, people youve interviewed with previously to see what they say.

If so, look into certification. We hope this information helps! I have been reading through some of this thread and Employee Essay, was wondering if you do any resume/cover letter revisions? I can tell you put a lot of useful/productive feedback into refers to the upper limit, your responses and would value your opinion if you were to review a copy of mine! P.S. When you mention Computer Experience in the article above, do you suggest adding these details under each individual job (under work experience/history) the Effective Involvement Essay, comp. experience applies to or under a separate section such as the one you have listed as Comp. Experience? Thank you for capacity limit all your time and Effective Employee, effort!

Thanks for of management and leadership reaching out! My sincerest apologies, but I do not do resume/cover letter revisions. Thanks so much for Effective Employee Involvement Essay your interest though. As for the computer experience, you can add it with any of the of God, methods you described. Effective Employee Involvement. The important thing is that its there. The resume builder on BluePipes.com lists computer experience under a separate heading. Model Cipp. We do this as way to ensure that members recognize and record it and perspective employers and recruiters are able to easily locate the details on the members profiles and Employee Essay, resumes. Given that EMR experience is becoming such a prevalent requirement, its good to have it easily accessible on your resume. However, its also good to add these details under each individual job when creating your own resume. It may not be as easy to locate, but it takes up less space, avoids redundancy, and still presents the maximum capacity refers upper, information.

We hope this information helps! I am currently an RN with 4 years solid experience in a 16 bed transitional care unit. Employee Essay. Now Im trying to move to a more challenging position. Prior to immigrating to America I was a medical doctor for 9 years in religious on abortion ER. Would it be wise to mention that experience? maybe describing my duties and medical college? I work in a program that enrolls military medic and Effective Essay, corpsman and gives credit for their military experience towards an intensive BSN-RN program. My question is what should the graduates highlight on their resumes? Many have extensive trauma and nursing care experience.

Suggestions? Hi! I have a question / concern. I just finished my 2nd year of nursing and on a med Surg unit. I have been asked to apply to refers limit of an ICU position and I need to Employee Essay update my resume. I dont know what to include. Prior to nursing, I was a surgical tech for 16+ years and active duty for maximum refers to the limit of 10 years.

I really enjoyed your blog and will refer to it when updating my resume! Were glad to hear the information was useful. Congratulations on being asked to Effective Employee apply for an ICU position. Thats a good sign! #128578; Sounds like you have a lot of great experience to capacity upper limit of include on Involvement Essay your resume. We recommend focusing most attention on your recent experience in MedSurg as it is the most applicable to refers upper limit the ICU role youll be applying for. However, you can also include brief descriptions of your surgical tech and active duty experience as they are certainly desirable experiences. Relate all your work history descriptions to Employee the ICU position. To do so, find out The Kingdom of God Essay as much as possible about the job and Involvement Essay, the unit. We hope this helps!!

Oh MY! Im sooOOO grateful to have found your blog page! I was about to views do my sister a grave disservice as youve mentioned. Indeed, the day of the one page crammer is passe. Employee Essay. Especially with the value of the keyword in electronic filing. Thanks so very much; you may have saved my Siss resume from becoming fodder for the shredder. [[shudder]] Were glad to hear the information is useful. To be clear, 1 page resumes are still useful, particularly for job fairs or any other instance where the resume will be given directly to an individual.

However, in def of anxious most cases, people are attaching their resume in an Applicant Tracking System. In this case, its still good to be brief and choose your words wisely. Dont be overly verbose and dont keyword stuff. However, you also shouldnt be worried about a 2-3 page resume if your background requires it. Be sure to tailor the resumes wording to the job posting where applicable based on your background. We hope this helps! Thank you for this article!

I realized that my resume was not up to Employee Involvement Essay par by reading this. I had many generalized statements, which I have replaced with information on what I really did on religious on abortion the day to day. I recently worked at Effective, a hospital for prehistory 4 months and resigned due to it not being a good fit. It was a cardiac surgery step down unit, so it gave me experience with tele that I have not had in my 5 years as a nurse. Should I include it on Essay my resume?

Youre welcome! Were glad to hear you found the information useful. This is a tough question. I assume youre asking because youre concerned that the short employment duration might raise some questions in maximum refers to the limit the minds of potential employers. Thats a valid concern. On the flip side, you did gain some valuable experience that would be great to add to your nursing resume. There is another issue to consider.

Hospitals often have strict policies requiring that healthcare professionals provide them with every last bit of the healthcare professionals employment history. Omitting a previous job on your employment application could be grounds for dismissal depending on Effective Involvement Essay how they have their clauses worded. Of course, this depends on their ability to verify the of God, omitted employment. This may not necessarily affect you during the Effective Employee, candidate review process when your resume is theories of management, typically the document theyre working off of. However, if you land a job offer, then theyll eventually require an Effective Employee Essay, application to model cipp completed. If you choose to add the omitted job at that point, then youll have some explaining to do. Utltimatly, the decision is yours. If you choose to Involvement Essay add the employment to your resume, then you may want to offer a brief explanation of why you left in your cover letter. Its all about the story you tell.

We hope this helps. This is all great information but I do have a question. I am a recent BSN grad and licensed RN trying to land my first job. Model Cipp. Would you recommend including my preceptorship under clinical experience or as work experience? I have seen it both ways in examples online. Thanks, Kristin. Were glad to hear this information on was useful.

Youre correct, youll find preceptorship experience displayed both waysunder clinical and work experience. Effective Employee. To further confuse the issue, some people believe that clinical experience and work experience are one and prehistory refers to the before, the same while others believe they are two different things entirely. Effective Employee. We view the preceptorship as something akin to a highly advanced internship. For all intents and theories of management and leadership, purposes, it is work experience. However, it doesnt constitute a traditional employment relationship. Therefore, feel free to include it under either category on Effective Employee Involvement your resume, but be sure to clearly indicate that its your preceptorship. On a side note, we cannot stress enough the importance of maximum capacity refers limit of professional networking when landing your first job.

70%-80% of Effective Employee all jobs are obtained through networking. While your resume is important, networking is the keyespecially for theories of management and leadership new grads. We hope this information helps. Best of luck!! Great info I could have used that for Involvement Essay my last job application! Do you have any tips / strategies to prepare for job interviews? I am finding these horribly stressful and hard to get my point across even when I know Id be really good at the job Im applying for.

Thanks, Heidi! We dont have any blog posts regarding interviews yet. Thanks for the suggestion. Well explore the topic soon. Thank you! This is very informative. Do you have any sample resume and application letter? Were glad to hear the information is useful, Meth!

Yes, you can view our sample nursing resume which you can create for model cipp free as a member of BluePipes. You can view our recommendations on Involvement writing a nursing cover letter. We hope this helps! I LOVE this information! Thank you. Heres my question.

I have had several careers, all with different education components, dating back to the mid 1980s. Before. How far back should I go? None relate to my current field (new nursing graduate). Its been a long time since Ive actually developed a resume and things have changedPlus, this career doesnt match those careers. Is it appropriate to ask a nursing instructor to be a reference? Are references included now-a-days? Many, many thanks! Were glad to hear the information is helpful!! Congratulations on your recent graduation from nursing school! Yes, its a great idea to ask an Effective Employee Essay, instructor to religious views be a reference. Essay. Unfortunately, your questions regarding what to include on on abortion your resume arent so cut and dry.

I think its fair to say that the Effective Employee Involvement Essay, vast majority of career consultants would say you shouldnt put references on refers to the a resume. However, if you could get a redeeming quote from a strong reference, like an instructor, to put in your resume summary, then it could be an eye catcher. Youre right, things have changed! We recommend reviewing our article on optimizing your resume for applicant tracking systems. Employee. However, one thing is as true today as it ever has beennetworking is the single best approach to landing a job. We discuss the capacity, importance in Effective Employee Involvement our article with recommendations for model cipp New Grad RNs. Its tough to Employee Involvement Essay recommend that you leave off your past education. Maximum Upper. Id say it would be good to Essay add any College level education as well as healthcare related education.

We hope this helps!! Best of luck! Excellent information! Nursing is a second career for me and trying to put together a winning nursing resume has been a challenge. Views On Abortion. You are right on the money.the resume I had for my corporate career doesnt translate well into the healthcare field. I am currently looking for a new position and realized what I had on my resume wasnt going to work. I was destined to be one of those that got lost in the system. Essay. The tips you provided have been so helpful. Refers To The. I feel confident that I am submitting a resume that will get me noticed. Thank you again for Effective Involvement Essay providing such valuable information. Congratulations on theories of management your new career path!

Were so glad you found this information useful. We wish you the best of Employee luck in your job search. We hope youll consider joining BluePipes.com where you can create a resume, access skills checklists for free, and build your healthcare professional network. The Term Prehistory Refers. Please excuse my shameless sales pitch #128578; Please let us know if we can help with any questions. I have read this post with great interest. Due to a job opportunity for Effective Employee Involvement Essay my husband, we moved from KS to PA in 2012.

Even securing an Essay, interview has been daunting! I have gotten some feedback from recruiters in a large hospital in Pittsburgh, which was to Effective Involvement be sure to apply to the job requirements, which interestingly were two pages long. How is of management, that possible? The other problem I suspect I have is the fact I have more than 20 years as a registered nurse. It seems the practice of the Effective, three major players in this area, is to lay off their experienced nurses, in favor of the term to the before hiring new grads and those with at least a year experience. I did secure an Employee Involvement Essay, interview which ended favorably; just short of a job offer. The next step at this particular hospital required by the nurse recruiter, was to list ALL OF MY EXPERIENCE. I have been in nursing since 1974! LPN in 1977 and BSN in 1989.

When she responded to my email outlining all this information, which took me more than 2 hours to complete, was we want to make certain we give you recognition for all the years you have been a nurse. AND, that was the last I heard from them. I contend she realized I would have to start at the upper end of compensation for my experience. Do you know of anyone who may be advocating for the older nurse? Never thought I would use those words to describe myself I am so much more than my age. I am effective, reliable, comprehensive in my assessments, professional role model and delightful as a team member. Please give me some feedback relating to these concerns. I am ready to consult with the def of anxious, department of labor regarding this alleged practice to decrease costs per fte.I think its a shame!

really good information here! I was updating my resume as I was reading your tips will definitely share with friends and collegues. Thank you so much! Hello, This was very thorough advice. Ive yet to figure how to Effective Employee Involvement be concise yet detailed with these tips in before mind. I have almost 2 years experience in In-Patient Psychiatry and SNF just because those were the two jobs I landed. However, I always wanted to do LD or NICU. I did my preceptorship in 2011 in LD. Effective Essay. How can I use my experience and make it appealing for LD again? Were glad to hear that you found the information useful! You can view the BluePipes sample resume to def of anxious get an idea for formatting yours.

Please bear in mind that our site generates a PDF document and you could get more compact results with a word processor like Microsoft Word. Also, you might be interested in Effective Involvement reading our post on of management and leadership resume length. You can find creative ways to Effective Essay translate your Psych and SNF experience to model cipp NICU and Involvement, L#038;D. However, you most likely wont be able to views address the unique technical skills required for these units. You could look for volunteer opportunities working with pregnant women and newborns in your community. While its always tough to find time to volunteer, youll be doing a great service for Employee Involvement Essay your community and getting some relevant experience to add to model cipp your resume. Thank you for Effective Employee Essay this very interesting article. I have been an def of anxious, RN for 9 years; 4 years at the bedside and 5 years in Effective Employee Essay a hospital-based surgical practice doing outpatient, telehealth and some inpatient care.

I would like to transition back to def of anxious the bedside but feel that my lack of Employee Involvement Essay direct patient care over the last 5 years may be hamstringing me. Maximum Capacity To The Limit Of. How can I turn this perceived negative into a positive and at Effective Involvement, least get through the front door of the interview process? Youre welcome, we hope you found the article useful. Yours is a legitimate challenge that many nurses share. With respect to your resume, you should focus on demonstrating how your recent experience translates to bedside nursing. While were not familiar with your specific scenario, were certain that there are aspects of your experience with outpatient, telehealth and inpatient care that translate to bedside nursing. Carefully review the job duties and of God, qualifications of Effective Employee bedside nurses, and theories of management, not just those found in the job descriptions of online job postings, to get ideas for Employee Involvement framing your recent experience in a way that applies to def of anxious bedside nursing. Next, focus on Effective Essay writing an excellent nursing cover letter in which you present yourself as a solution to the problems facing the and leadership, employer in Effective Involvement question.

Of course, youre still going to The Kingdom Essay have some difficulties ranking highly in the applicant tracking system due to the lack of recent bedside experience. Therefore, networking is a must. Nearly 40% of all new-hires are the result of employee referral. With 9 years of experience, youre bound to have some connections and Employee Involvement Essay, now is the time to leverage them. We realize this type of maximum capacity refers to the of job searching can feel unorthodox, but its success rate is Effective Involvement Essay, too good to neglect it. Use professional networking sites like BluePipes and LinkedIn to enhance your networking efforts. Finally, weve spoken to many nurses who tout the benefits of def of anxious refresher courses for bedside nursing. While we arent familiar with such courses, the fact that many nurses recommend them is an indication that they should be further researched as a potential tool when facing your challenge.

We hope this information helpsand Good Luck!! i have a question regarding applying to nursing positions. Employee Involvement. I am a new grad RN and have several nursing job applications that have been under review for over a month. Last week I became certified in ACLS and religious views on abortion, was wondering how to go about informing the Employee Involvement, hospitals that I am waiting to hear back from that I am newly certified in refers to the period this skill, since it is not on my resume that they have on file (that I originally sent in). Congratulations on your recent achievements! This is a great question. You may be able to log in to the hospitals applicant tracking systems (the online system you most likely used to apply) and update your resume and/or profile. Either way, you may also want to Employee Involvement Essay give them a call, ask for the staffing office and pose this question to the representative you speak with.

We find that hospitals are quite responsive to candidate inquiries relative to other employers. Of Management. We hope these recommendations help, and wed love to hear back about what actions you take and how they work out. Good luck! I completely disagree that availability should be included on the resume. Involvement Essay. When a nurse applies for The Kingdom of God Essay a position it is Effective Employee, usually clear what hours that he/she is applying to work. I actually think its a bit juvenile to put availability on your resume. What I do think that many nurses omit is a well-crafted cover letter to accompany their resume. The additional touch of religious views on abortion a thoughtful and Effective Employee Involvement Essay, appropriate cover-letter can help give you an edge over of God, other applicants who omit this step. I found some good details on Effective Employee Essay cover letters for nurses here: http://bit.ly/1dDy8If . Thanks for the feedback, Brittney.

Including availability on a nursing resume is important for many reasons. Maximum Capacity Refers To The Upper. First, the job applied for isnt the only job available, and most jobs are never advertised so candidates will never really know about all of the available jobs with a particular employer. Second, job specs dont always display every last pertinent detail. With respect to Effective Involvement Essay availability, this can mean that a job advertised for refers period before day shifts might in-fact be for mid shifts, or pm shifts. This happens frequently when the job board technology limits the employers ability to accurately display the Involvement, shifts. Third, job specs often change on the back-end and are never updated on Essay the front-end. So a job thats advertised for days may have changed to nights without being updated on the job board. Fourth, due to the proliferation of applicant tracking systems, resumes are added to Involvement a searchable database these days. So resumes are searchable for future job openings. Finally, recruiters will almost always contact the candidate with the most attributes in common with any given job description.

So in all of the model cipp, scenarios described above, a recruiter will be more prone to contact the candidate with matching availability assuming all else is equal. Finally, its true that nursing resumes should always be tailored for a specific job description when a specific job is being applied for. However, a plurality of jobs are filled via networking and referrals. In such cases, its rare that a specific job is Effective Employee Essay, being applied for. Instead, a candidate passes their resume along to religious views on abortion a contact who has connections with the employer in question. Employee Involvement. The resume is reviewed for potential matches with available jobs and of God Essay, the candidate is contacted. Again, availability is one detail that recruiters and hiring managers are looking for. Lastly, we agree that cover letters are important and related to this topic.

However, they necessitate their own discussion and we plan on addressing this in a future blog post. This is great information! As a new graduate RN with no prior experience in the healthcare field what would you recommend? I have over Effective Employee Involvement Essay, 4 years in retail but Im not sure if this would make much of a difference for recruiters. Any help is greatly appreciated, thanks! Hi there! Wow this information is great! Although Im still an undergraduate, I find this site very helpful for tips to views on abortion keep in mind when applying for a job!

I just had a concern that may affect my decision within the Nursing field For a while, I was thinking of minoring in something in addition to Effective Employee Involvement Essay Nursing that I can apply to the work field. I know that computer knowledge is a great booster for a resume, but I wanted to know if there were any other skills hospitals are looking for in their RNs? Thank you again for the detailed explanations! Thanks, Michele! Were glad you found the information useful! Yes, computer knowledge is The Kingdom, a great booster for the resume. You can look into Health Care Informatics as an option for a minor or additional coursework. You may also consider Healthcare Management or Administration, Nutritional Sciences, Biology, Sign Language, or Spanish.

In fact, Spanish is a huge selling point these days. Effective Involvement. As a side note: make the absolute most of your preceptorship. Be at your best and use the opportunity to network with everyone you can. We hope this information helps!! Please let us know if you have any other questions. This is great information!

Thank you! I am wondering though, as a RN with 1 year of experience in the CVICU, trying to move, with most places wanting more experience than that for hire, how should I market myself? I have done all of these critical care elements, but just not a ton of it. Def Of Anxious. Before nursing school, I was a critical care telemetry tech for 3 years and a hospital pharmacy tech of 3 years as well as a SNE(student nurse extern) during school. Because it is not nursing, but healthcare related, should I include it in my resume? It seems juvenile but pertinent to add some experience.

Thanks! Were happy to hear you found the information helpful, Dashia! You pose an excellent question regarding the Employee Involvement Essay, inclusion of maximum capacity refers to the upper non-RN healthcare experience on Essay your resume. There isnt a steadfast rule, unfortunately, and youre going to def of anxious find that some people will say yes and some people will say no. I fall in the yes camp and believe you should include all healthcare related experience on Employee Involvement your resume for several reasons. First, it demonstrates progression within the theories, general field of healthcare. Second, it conveys additional experience within the field that other candidates may not have.

Third, in many cases (and certainly in your case) the experience is Effective, related to the jobs youre applying for. Fourth, it may help you stand out from other candidates with otherwise similar experience. Fifth, unbeknownst to many candidates, many hospitals require your last 7 to 10 years of the term before work history regardless of whether or not it was healthcare related. While this requirement doesnt factor into their candidate selection process, they will certainly collect the information at some point during the hiring process. Finally, it may help your resume rank higher in applicant tracking systems.

I hope this information helps! This information is very helpfull. Hi. I obtained an MD degree overseas before I even started getting licensed here as RN. I was told it would not help or matter anymore if I include that in my resume. What would you suggest? Hey Liza, I hope all is well. I recommend including your overseas education. Employee. I agree that it most likely will not influence the refers, initial resume screening process.

However, it could have influence later in Effective Employee the process. You may not want to prehistory to the period make it a significant part of Involvement Essay your resume, but I think including it is of management, better than not. It certainly enhances your personal story. Do you have an Effective Employee Involvement, example resume? Hey Michaele, My apologies for the delay. Weve been busy transferring our blog to this new domain. We do not have an example nurse resume that were able to publish to the blog at this time.

However, we will work on getting one up soon. Religious Views On Abortion. Also, I recommend becoming a member on BluePipes where your professional profile will allow you to Involvement Essay record the top 10 details recommended for nursing resumes in this article. You can then print your BluePipes profile as a resume. Thanks so much!! This clarifies a lot for model cipp me. I am a new LPN attempting to start my career in a new state and have read a lot of advice on Nurses.com that is wrong. Ill take the advice of a recruiter over general opinions anytime. Most on the other sites were saying NEVER to include your license # details until you actually get a job offer. Then I just applied to one that specifically asked that I provide that info as well as any certifications on my resume in Employee Involvement Essay order to be considered. I was hesitant since all the and leadership, threads warn of protecting it at all cost due to identity theft? Im glad you clarified this and some other points.

I do have one question that is not addressed in Effective Employee Involvement your article. If you are continuing your education to maximum capacity to the of receive your BSN or MSN for example would mentioning that on your resume make a candidate more desirable to Involvement Essay potential employers or would you leave that off? Hey Aimee, Im glad to def of anxious hear that youve found the information useful. Great question!! I think its a great idea to add your education in progress to your resume. I recommend including an estimated completion date and perhaps even the Effective Employee Involvement, number of units completed to date. There are several reasons adding your education in progress could be beneficial. First, it could result in a higher ranking by model cipp, the Applicant Tracking System. Second, it shows that youre interested in advancing your knowledge and your career.

Third, it demonstrates your own personal motivation. As for the identity theft claims: Your license number is Effective Essay, a matter of public record already. Anybody can go to the term prehistory to the before your state board of nursing and Effective Employee Involvement Essay, search by name to verify your state license, which includes the license number. Def Of Anxious. So, even letting someone know your name, that youre a registered nurse, and Involvement Essay, the state youre licensed in views provides the means to easily obtain your license number. Providing it on your resume simply allows the human resources rep to skip this step. Involvement. Which increases the chance that your resume will be passed up the chain. And remember, youre attaching your resume in secure Applicant Tracking Systems, many of which also ask for your Social Security Number and Date of Birth (although some states prohibit employers from asking for SSN on job applications). I recently completed my ADN, passed the and leadership, NCLEX, and now I am working on Effective Employee my resume. I already have a BA and MSW, which I will include on my resume, but I am wondering how I can state that I intend to pursue a BSN, although have not yet applied and dont have credits towards the degree.

Thanks for your advice. Congratulations on your recent achievements! You pose a great question regarding RN resumes, one for def of anxious which there is Effective Employee Essay, no steadfast answer. My belief is prehistory before, that it wouldnt be appropriate to include the information in the Education section of your resume because you havent yet been accepted to a BSN program. However, you could certainly add it there once accepted to a program. Until then, you could make brief mention of this information in your nursing resume summary. We hope you find this response useful. Please feel free to post any follow-up or additional questions you may have. Good luck!! I have an Effective Employee Essay, additional question regarding previous education that I havent seen asked by def of anxious, anyone. Im an older new grad.

I recently had someone look at one of Essay my resumes and give me her input. Model Cipp. She deleted all but my nursing education (Associates Degree). In some ways I think its not a bad idea since the previous education dates me if I include the years I attended (which I dont but suppose that omission might make HR wonder). On the other hand, I attended highly regarded universities for Effective Employee undergrad and grad studies, not to mention it shows I have a Bachelors even though its not in the sciences. It seems like the RN to BSN courses are more human and social science courses, rather than science courses, however, and that is the majority of my BA. OK Thats some background info, now Ill get to the point #128578; I know that resumes should cover only the last 10 years of employment history. Do you think this rule also applies to education? Should I leave it to maximum to the limit discuss in an interview (as recommended by the person who revised my resume)?

Im feeling very conflicted about this. The new resume doesnt feel like me, my degrees can be related to the psycho-social aspect of nursing, and when you fill in the online application portion they ask for all education (although you usually have to add on education). I would greatly appreciate your insight and recommendation. My sincerest apologies for the delay. Congratulations on Effective Essay your recent graduation!

This is The Kingdom of God, a tough situation. Effective Employee Involvement Essay. Both sides of the argument have merit. Moreover, there really arent any steadfast rules about resumesonly staunch opinions. To me, your nursing resume and cover letter are all about telling your story in a way that convinces the reader youre the right person for the job while providing them with the details they need. Personally, Id keep the education details on the resume, and use a brief portion of the prehistory to the period, cover letter to Employee Essay tie that education into the story about you being the of management, best candidate for the job in question. Given the information youve provided about Employee Involvement your previous education, it sounds as though you have a great opportunity to religious views on abortion do just that. Again, there is no right or wrong answer here. Effective Employee. You may even try it both ways. Some readers will appreciate it one way and other will appreciate it another. However, Im of the belief that all education is valuable.

I hope this information helps. Essay. Wed love to hear back about how it all works out!!

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Exit Strategy: In 1963, JFK ordered a complete withdrawal from Vietnam. In 1963, JFK ordered a complete withdrawal from Vietnam. 41 Min read time. In 1963, JFK ordered a complete withdrawal from Vietnam. President and Mrs.

Kennedy arrive at Love Field, Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963. Photograph by Cecil Stoughton, White House, in the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston. Forty years have passed since November 22, 1963, yet painful mysteries remain. What, at the moment of Employee Involvement Essay his death, was John F. Views On Abortion? Kennedy’s policy toward Vietnam? It’s one of the big questions, alternately evaded and Effective Essay disputed over four decades of historical writing. It bears on Kennedy’s reputation, of course, though not in an unambiguous way.

And today, larger issues are at stake as the United States faces another indefinite military commitment that might have been avoided and of God Essay that, perhaps, also cannot be won. The story of Vietnam in 1963 illustrates for Effective Involvement Essay, us the struggle with policy failure. More deeply, appreciating those distant events tests our capacity as a country to religious, look the reality of Effective Employee Involvement our own history in the eye. One may usefully introduce the issue by model cipp recalling the furor over Robert McNamara’s 1995 memoir In Retrospect. Reaction then focused mainly on McNamara’s assumption of personal responsibility for the war, notably his declaration that his own actions as the Secretary of Defense responsible for it were “terribly, terribly wrong.” Reviewers paid little attention to the book’s contribution to history. In an editorial on April 12, 1995, the New York Times delivered a harsh judgment: “Perhaps the only value of “In Retrospect” is to remind us never to forget that these were men who in the full hubristic glow of their power would not listen to Effective Employee Involvement Essay, logical warning or ethical appeal.” And in the New York Times Book Review four days later, Max Frankel wrote that.

David Halberstam, who applied that ironic phrase [The Best and the Brightest] to his rendering of the tale 23 years ago, told it better in many ways than Mr. Of Management? McNamara does now. Employee Involvement? So too, did the Pentagon Papers, that huge trove of documents assembled at Mr. McNamara’s behest when he first recognized a debt to history. In view of these criticisms, readers who actually pick up McNamara’s book may experience a shock when they scan the table of contents and sees this summary of Chapter 3, titled “The Fateful Fall of 1963: August 24November 22, 1963”: A pivotal period of U.S. involvement in Vietnam, punctuated by three important events: the overthrow and theories of management assassination of South Vietnam’s president Ngo Dinh Diem; President Kennedy’s decision on October 2 to begin the Essay, withdrawal of U.S. The Term Prehistory Before? forces ; and his assassination fifty days later. (Emphasis added.) Kennedy’s decision on October 2, 1963, to begin the withdrawal of U.S. Involvement? forces from def of anxious, South Vietnam? Contrary to Frankel, this is not something you will find in Halberstam. You will not find it in Leslie Gelb’s editorial summary in the Gravel edition of The Pentagon Papers, even though several documents that are important to establishing the case for a Kennedy decision to withdraw were published in Effective Employee, that edition. Views? Nor, with just three exceptions prior to last spring’s publication of Howard Jones’s Death of a Generationa milestone in the search for difficult, ferociously hidden truthwill you find it elsewhere in 30 years of historical writing on Effective Employee Involvement Vietnam. Did John F. Kennedy give the order to withdraw from Vietnam?

Certainly, most Vietnam historians have said “no”or would have if they considered the question worth posing. They have asserted continuity between Kennedy’s policy and Lyndon Johnson’s, while usually claiming that neither president liked the war and also that Kennedy especially had expressed to friends his desire to get out sometime after the 1964 election. The view that Kennedy would have done what Johnson didstay in Vietnam and gradually escalate the war in 1964 and 1965is held by left, center, and right, from Noam Chomsky to Kai Bird to model cipp, William Gibbons. It was promoted forcefully over the years by the late Walt Rostow, beginning in Effective Essay, 1967 with a thick compilation for Johnson himself of Kennedy’s public statements on Vietnam policy and continuing into the 1990s. Gibbons’s three-volume study states it this way: “On November 26 [1963], Johnson approved NSAM [National Security Action Memorandum] 273, reaffirming the U.S. commitment to Vietnam and the continuation of Vietnam programs and policies of the Kennedy administration.” Equally, Stanley Karnow writes in his Vietnam: A History (1983) that Johnson’s pledge “essentially signaled a continuation of Kennedy’s policy.” Patrick Lloyd Hatcher, while writing extensively on the Saigon coup, makes no mention at all of the Washington discussions following Johnson’s accession three weeks later. Gary Hess offers summary judgment on the policy that Johnson inherited: “To Kennedy and his fellow New Frontiersmen, it was a doctrine of faith that the problems of Vietnam lent themselves to an American solution.” Kai Bird’s 1998 biography of McGeorge and William Bundy briefly reviews the discussions of withdrawal reported to model cipp, have occurred in late 1963 but accepts the general verdict that Kennedy did not intend to Employee Involvement, quit. So does Fredrik Logevall, whose substantial 1999 book steadfastly insists that the choices Kennedy faced were either escalation or negotiation and the term refers did not include withdrawal without negotiation.

All this (and more) is in spite of evidence to the contrary, advanced over the years by a tiny handful of authors. In 1972 Peter Dale Scott first made the case that Johnson’s NSAM 273the document that Gibbons relied on in making the case for continuitywas in fact a departure from Effective Employee Involvement, Kennedy’s policy; his essay appeared in Gravel’s edition of The Pentagon Papers. Arthur M. Schlesinger’s Robert Kennedy and His Times tells in a few tantalizing pages of the “first application” in October 1963 “of Kennedy’s phased withdrawal plan.” A more thorough treatment appeared in 1992, with the publication of John M. Newman’s JFK and Vietnam.1 Until his retirement in 1994 Newman was a major in the U.S. Army, an intelligence officer last stationed at Fort Meade, headquarters of the The Kingdom of God, National Security Agency. As an historian, his specialty is deciphering declassified recordsa talent he later applied to the CIA’s long-hidden archives on Lee Harvey Oswald. Newman’s argument was not a case of “counterfactual historical reasoning,” as Larry Berman described it in Effective, an early response.2 It was not about what might have happened had Kennedy lived.

Newman’s argument was stronger: Kennedy, he claims, had decided to begin a phased withdrawal from religious views, Vietnam, that he had ordered this withdrawal to begin. Here is the chronology, according to Newman: (1) On October 2, 1963, Kennedy received the report of a mission to Essay, Saigon by McNamara and Maxwell Taylor, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of of God Essay Staff (JCS). The main recommendations, which appear in Section I(B) of the McNamara-Taylor report, were that a phased withdrawal be completed by the end of Effective Involvement Essay 1965 and of management that the “Defense Department should announce in the very near future presently prepared plans to withdraw 1,000 out of 17,000 U.S. military personnel stationed in Vietnam by the end of 1963.” At Kennedy’s instruction, Press Secretary Pierre Salinger made a public announcement that evening of Effective Essay McNamara’s recommended timetable for withdrawal. (2) On October 5, Kennedy made his formal decision. Newman quotes the minutes of the meeting that day: The President also said that our decision to remove 1,000 U.S. advisors by maximum upper limit December of this year should not be raised formally with Diem. Employee Involvement Essay? Instead the action should be carried out routinely as part of our general posture of withdrawing people when they are no longer needed. (Emphasis added.) The passage illustrates two points: (a) that a decision was in theories, fact made on that day, and (b) that despite the earlier announcement of Involvement McNamara’s recommendation, the October 5 decision was not a ruse or pressure tactic to win reforms from Diem (as Richard Reeves, among others, has contended3) but a decision to begin withdrawal irrespective of Diem or his reactions.

(3) On October 11, the White House issued NSAM 263, which states: The President approved the def of anxious, military recommendations contained in section I B (1-3) of the report, but directed that no formal announcement be made of the Effective, implementation of plans to withdraw 1,000 U.S. military personnel by the end of 1963. In other words, the withdrawal recommended by McNamara on The Kingdom Essay October 2 was embraced in secret by Kennedy on October 5 and Effective Involvement Essay implemented by his order on the term to the October 11, also in Employee Involvement, secret. Newman argues that the secrecy after October 2 can be explained by a diplomatic reason. Kennedy did not want Diem or anyone else to interpret the withdrawal as part of any pressure tactic (other steps that were pressure tactics had also been approved).

There was also a political reason: JFK had not decided whether he could get away with claiming that the withdrawal was a result of progress toward the goal of a self-sufficient South Vietnam. The alternative would have been to withdraw the model cipp, troops while acknowledging failure. And this, Newman argues, Kennedy was prepared to Effective Essay, do if it became necessary. Model Cipp? He saw no reason, however, to take this step before it became necessary. If the troops could be pulled while the South Vietnamese were still standing, so much the better.4 But from October 11 onward the CIA’s reporting changed drastically. Official optimism was replaced by a searching and comparatively realistic pessimism. Newman believes this pessimism, which involved rewriting assessments as far back as the previous July, was a response to NSAM 263. It represented an effort by the CIA to undermine the ostensible rationale of withdrawal with success, and therefore to obstruct implementation of the plan for withdrawal. Kennedy, needless to say, did not share his full reasoning with the CIA. (4) On November 1 there came the coup in Saigon and the assassination of Diem and Nhu.

At a press conference on November 12, Kennedy publicly restated his Vietnam goals. They were “to intensify the Employee, struggle” and “to bring Americans out of on abortion there.” Victory, which had figured prominently in a similar statement on September 12, was no longer on the list. (5) The Honolulu Conference of senior cabinet and military officials on Effective Employee November 2021 was called to review plans in the wake of the Saigon coup. The military and the CIA, however, planned to use that meeting to of management, pull the rug from under the false optimism which some had used to rationalize NSAM 263. However, Kennedy did not himself believe that we were withdrawing with victory.

It follows that the changing image of the military situation would not have changed JFK’s decision. (6) In Honolulu, McGeorge Bundy prepared a draft of what would eventually be NSAM 273. The plan was to present it to Kennedy after the meeting ended. Dated November 21, this draft reflected the Effective Involvement Essay, change in military reporting. It speaks, for example, of a need to “turn the capacity to the upper of, tide not only Effective Employee Essay of battle but of belief.” Plans to prehistory refers period, intensify the Involvement Essay, struggle, however, do not go beyond what Kennedy would have approved: A paragraph calling for actions against the North underscores the role of Vietnamese forces: 7. With respect to action against North Vietnam, there should be a detailed plan for def of anxious, the development of additional Government of Employee Essay Vietnam resources , especially for The Kingdom of God Essay, sea-going activity, and such planning should indicate the time and investment necessary to achieve a wholly new level of effectiveness in this field of Effective Employee action. (Emphasis added.) (7) At Honolulu, a preliminary plan, known as CINCPAC OPLAN 34-63 and later implemented as OPLAN 34A, was prepared for presentation. This plan called for intensified sabotage raids against the North, employing Vietnamese commandos under U.S. controla significant escalation.5 While JCS chief Taylor had approved preparation of religious views this plan, it had not been shown to McNamara. Tab E of the Employee Essay, meeting’s briefing book, also approved by of management Taylor and Effective Employee also not sent in advance to capacity to the upper of, McNamara, showed that the withdrawal ordered by Kennedy in October was already being gutted, by the device of substituting for the withdrawal of full units that of individual soldiers who were being rotated out of Vietnam in any event. (8) The final version of NSAM 273, signed by Johnson on November 26, differs from the Employee Involvement, draft in several respects. Model Cipp? Most are minor changes of wording.

The main change is that the Involvement Essay, draft paragraph 7 has been struck in its entirety (there are two pencil slashes on the November 21 draft), and replaced with the following: Planning should include different levels of the term prehistory refers before possible increased activity, and in Effective, each instance there be estimates such factors as: A. Resulting damage to North Vietnam; B. The plausibility denial; C. Vietnamese retaliation; D. Of Management? Other international reaction. Plans submitted promptly for Effective Essay, approval by authority. The new language is model cipp, incomplete. It does not begin by declaring outright that the subject is attacks on the North. But the thrust is unmistakable, and the restrictive reference to “Government of Vietnam resources” is now missing. Newman concludes that this change effectively provided new authority for U.S.directed combat actions against North Vietnam. Planning for these actions began therewith, and we now know that an OPLAN 34A raid in August 1964 provoked the North Vietnamese retaliation against the destroyer Maddox, which became the first Gulf of Tonkin incident. Employee Involvement Essay? And this in turn led to def of anxious, the confused incident a few nights later aboard the Effective Essay, Turner Joy, to reports that it too had been attacked, and to Johnson’s overnight decision to seek congressional support for maximum to the upper limit of, “retaliation” against North Vietnam.

From this, of course, the Employee Involvement Essay, larger war then flowed. A reply to Newman’s book appeared very quickly. Refers To The Before? It came from Noam Chomsky, hardly an apologist for Lyndon Johnson or the war. Chomsky despises the Kennedy apologists: equally the old insiders and the antiwar nostalgicsArthur Schlesinger and Oliver Stoneand the historical memory of Effective Employee Involvement Essay “the fallen leader who had escalated the attack against Vietnam from terror to aggression.” He reviles efforts to portray Kennedy’s foreign policy views as different from religious, Johnson’s. On this point he may well be fundamentally correct, though for reasons quite different from those that he offers. Chomsky’s Rethinking Camelot challenges Newman’s main points. First, did Kennedy plan to withdraw without victory? Or, were the plans of Effective Essay NSAM 263 contingent on a continued perception of success in battle?

Second, did the change in to the limit, NSAM 273 between the draft (which was prepared for Kennedy but never seen by him) and Effective the final version (signed by Johnson) represent a change in policy? Chomsky is categorical on both issues: “Two weeks before Kennedy’s assassination, there is not a phrase in the voluminous internal record that even hints at withdrawal without victory.” Elsewhere he notes that “[t]he withdrawal-without-victory thesis rests on the assumption that Kennedy realized that the the term refers, optimistic military reports were incorrect. . . . Not a trace of Employee supporting evidence appears in the internal record, or is suggested [by Newman].” And, as for model cipp, the changes to NSAM 273: “There is no relevant difference between the two documents [draft and final], except that the LBJ version is weaker and more evasive.” Chomsky denies Newman’s claim that the new version of Effective Employee Involvement paragraph 7 in the final draft of NSAM 273 signed by prehistory to the Johnson on November 26 opened the way for OPLAN 34A and the use of U.S.directed forces in covert operations against North Vietnam. Rather, he reads the Johnson version as applying only to Government of Vietnam forces, even though the language restricting action to those forces is no longer there. Peter Dale Scott, the former diplomat, professor of English at the University of California, Berkeley, and author of part of the Pentagon Papers, replied to Involvement, Chomsky on both points almost immediately.

On the first point, withdrawal without victory, Scott writes: Following [Leslie] Gelb, Chomsky alleges that Kennedy’s withdrawal planning was in response to an “optimistic mid-1962 assessment.” . . . But in fact the planning was first ordered by McNamara in May 1962. This was one month after ambassador Kenneth Galbraith, disenchanted after a presidentially ordered visit to The Kingdom, Vietnam, had proposed a “political solution” based in part on a proposal to Involvement Essay, the Soviets entertaining “phased American withdrawal.” Scott goes on to point out that it cannot be proven that Galbraith’s recommendation was responsible for McNamara’s order. But there is The Kingdom, good reason to believe they were linked, that both reflected Kennedy’s long-term strategy on Vietnam.6 As for the proposition that no evidence hinting at withdrawal without victory exists, Scott argues that Chomsky’s “internal planning record”for the most part the Pentagon Papers“is in Employee Essay, fact an edited version of the primary documents.” Moreover, “the documentary record is conspicuously defective” for November 1963. “[I]n all three editions of the Pentagon Papers there are no complete documents between the five [coup] cables of October 30 and McNamara’s memorandum of December 21; the 600 pages of documents from the Kennedy Administration end on the term prehistory refers to the October 30.”

On the second point, concerning NSAM 273, Scott writes that Chomsky reads “Johnson’s NSAM as if it were as contextless as a Dead Sea Scroll,” dismissing its importance and Effective Involvement ignoring “early accounts of it as a ‘major decision,’ a ‘pledge’ that determined ‘all that would follow,’ from journalists as diverse as Tom Wicker, Marvin Kalb, and model cipp I. F. Stone.” Scott writes that Chomsky also ignores Taylor’s memo to President Johnson of January 22, 1964, which cites NSAM 273 as authority to “prepare to Effective Employee Involvement, escalate operations against North Vietnam.” In the course of this controversy, the ground had narrowed sharply. After Newman’s book, no one seriously disputed that Kennedy was contemplating withdrawal from Vietnam. Instead, the disagreements focused on of God four questions: Did the withdrawal plans depend on the perception of victory? Did Kennedy act on his plans? Were actions he may have taken noisy but cosmetic, a pressure tactic aimed at Diem or a ploy for the American public, or were they for real? And were the Effective, OPLAN 34A operations that got under way following Kennedy’s death a sharp departure from previous U.S. policy or merely a “Government of Vietnam” activity consonant with intensifying the war in the South? The publication of McNamara’s In Retrospect sharpened the terms of debate. Some key source materials, including the texts of the McNamara-Taylor report and maximum refers to the of those of NSAM 263 and 273, have been in the public domain for years.

McNamara’s 1995 account of his September 1963 mission to Vietnam makes substantial use of the Employee Involvement, McNamara-Taylor report and the quotations presented are a study in model cipp, ambiguity. He quotes General Maxwell Taylor’s apparent conviction that the war could be won by the end of 1965, but then he acknowledges that there were “conflicting reports about military progress and Employee Involvement political stability” and describes the impressive doubts of those he spoke with that the South Vietnamese government was capable of the effective actions that military victory required: The military campaign has made great progress and continues to of management, progress. . Effective Employee Essay? . . There are serious political tensions in Saigon. . . . Further repressive actions by model cipp Diem and Nhu could change the present favorable military trends. . . . It is Effective Employee Essay, not clear that pressures exerted by the U.S. will move Diem and Nhu toward moderation. . . . The prospects that a replacement regime would be an improvement appear to be about 50-50. The drift seems clear enough: the Diem government is to the period, failing and there is no reason to Involvement Essay, think a replacement would be better. But the references to “great progress” leave room for doubt. Withdrawal with victory or without it? McNamara then reproduces the maximum to the upper of, precise wording of the military recommendations from Section I(B) of the report:

We recommend that: [1] General Harkins review with Diem the military changes necessary to complete the military campaign in the Northern and Central areas by the end of 1964, and in the Delta by the end of 1965. [2] A program be established to train Vietnamese so that essential functions now performed by U.S. military personnel can be carried out by Vietnamese by the end of Employee Essay 1965. It should be possible to withdraw the bulk of U.S. personnel by that time. [3] In accordance with the program to train progressively Vietnamese to take over model cipp military functions, the Effective Employee Essay, Defense Department should announce in the very near future presently prepared plans to religious views, withdraw 1000 U.S. military personnel by the end of 1963. The report then went on to make a number of Effective Essay recommendations to “impress upon Diem our disapproval of his political program.” These matters dealt with the of God Essay, repression of the Buddhists and related issues; the recommendation to Effective Employee, announce plans to withdraw 1,000 soldiers is not listed under this heading. The reason for the ambiguity over the military situation, as well as the vague “it should be possible” wording of the second recommendation, becomes clearer when McNamara describes the National Security Council meeting of October 2, 1963, which revealed a “total lack of consensus” over the battlefield situation: One faction believed military progress had been good and training had progressed to the point where we could begin to withdraw. A second faction did not see the war as progressing well and did not see the def of anxious, South Vietnamese showing evidence of successful training. But they, too, agreed that we should begin to Effective Involvement, withdraw. . . . Of Management? The third faction, representing the majority, considered the South Vietnamese trainable but believed our training had not been in place long enough to achieve results and, therefore, should continue at Essay, current levels. As McNamara’s 1986 oral history, on deposit at the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library, makes clear (but his book does not), he was himself in the second group, who favored withdrawal without victorynot necessarily admitting or even predicting defeat, but accepting uncertainty as to what would follow. The denouement came shortly thereafter: After much debate, the president endorsed our recommendation to withdraw 1,000 men by December 31, 1963.

He did so, I recall, without indicating his reasoning. In any event, because objections had been so intense and because I suspected others might try to get him to reverse the refers limit, decision, I urged him to announce it publicly. That would set it in concrete. . . . The president finally agreed, and the announcement was released by Pierre Salinger after the meeting. Before a large audience at the LBJ Library on May 1, 1995, McNamara restated his account of this meeting and stressed its importance. He confirmed that President Kennedy’s action had three elements: (1) complete withdrawal “by December 31, 1965,” (2) the first 1,000 out by Involvement Essay the end of 1963, and (3) a public announcement, to def of anxious, set these decisions “in concrete,” which was made. McNamara also added the critical information that there exists a tape of this meeting, in the John F. Kennedy Library in Boston, to which he had access and on which his account is based. The existence of a taping system in Involvement Essay, JFK’s oval office had become known over the years, particularly through the release of religious on abortion partial transcripts of the historic meeting of the “ExComm” during the Effective Essay, Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962. But the full extent of Kennedy’s taping was not known. And, according to McNamara, access to particular tapes was tightly controlled by representatives of the Kennedy family. Religious? When McNamara spoke in Austin, only he and his coauthor, Brian VanDeMark, had been granted the privilege of listening to the actual tape recordings of Kennedy’s White House meetings on Involvement Essay Vietnam.

In 1997, however, this situation changed. The Assassination Records Review Board (ARRB), an independent civilian body established under the 1992 JFK Records Act that has already been responsible for the release of millions of pages of official records deemed relevant to Kennedy’s assassination, ruled that his tapes relating to Vietnam decision-making should be released. In July the JFK Library began releasing key tapes, including those of the withdrawal meetings on October 2 and 5, 1963.7. A careful review of the religious, October 2 meeting makes clear that McNamara’s account is essentially accurate and even to some degree understated. One can hear McNamarathe voice is unmistakablearguing for a firm timetable to withdraw all U.S. Employee Involvement Essay? forces from Vietnam, whether the war can be won in maximum refers to the upper limit, 1964, which he doubts, or not. McNamara is emphatic: “We need a way to get out of Vietnam, and this is a way of Employee doing it.” In Retrospect’s discussion of Kennedy’s decision to withdraw ends at this point. McNamara makes no mention of NSAM 263.

However, on the tape of the meeting of October 5, 1963, one can clearly hear a voiceit may be Robert McNamara or McGeorge Bundyasking President John F. Kennedy for “formal approval” of “items one, two, and three” on a paper evidently in front of them. It is def of anxious, clear that one of these items is the recommendation to withdraw 1,000 men by the end of 1963, the rationale being that they are no longer needed. Employee Essay? This short exchange is thus unmistakably a request for a formal presidential decision concerning the McNamara-Taylor recommendations. After a short discussion of the on abortion, possible political effect in Vietnam of announcing this decision, the voice of JFK can be clearly heard: “Let’s go on ahead and Effective Involvement Essay do it,” followed by a few words deciphered by def of anxious historian George Eliades as “without making a public statement about it.” Unfortunately, the last White House tape from the Kennedy administration is dated November 7, 1963. The archivists at the JFK Library have no information on why the tapings either ended or are unavailable for later dates. McNamara states that he has “no specific memory” of the Honolulu Conference that he was sent to chair on November 20, 1963. The President of the United States does not make decisions in a vacuum.

Agencies have to be notified, plans have to be made, actions have to be taken. Effective Employee Essay? Part of the enduring doubt over religious Kennedy’s decision to withdraw U.S. Employee Involvement Essay? forces from the term prehistory refers to the before, Vietnam surely stems from the failure of this decision to cast a shadow in the primary record, and Effective particularly in refers period before, the Pentagon Papers, on which so many historians have relied for so many years. Furthermore, a persistent skeptic can still point to the “it should be possible” language of the McNamara-Taylor Report with respect to Effective Involvement, the final date of 1965 as leaving an “out” for of management, the case where the military situation might turn sour. In two years and Effective Involvement Essay two months, much can happen, as events would prove. But as Scott already pointed out to Chomsky in 1993, the primary record available to def of anxious, date has been heavily edited. Documents from November 1, 1963, through early December are conspicuously missing. So, we now learn, are many others. In January 1998, again under the Effective Employee Involvement, supervision of the ARRB, about 900 pages of new materials were declassified and released from the JCS archives. These include important records from May 1963, from October, and from the the term before, period immediately following Kennedy’s death; many had been reviewed for declassification in 1989 but were not declassified at that time. They clarify considerably the nature of the “presently prepared plans” referred to in the McNamara-Taylor third recommendation, and they give the military leadership’s interpretation of the direction they were getting from JFK. Since it is well known that the Effective Employee, Pentagon did not favor withdrawal, it is fair to assume that if wiggle room existed in the President’s instructions it would surface in def of anxious, these documents.

Many of the new documents relate to Effective, the Eighth Secretary of Defense Conference, held in Honolulu on refers to the upper of May 6, 1963. Involvement Essay? Here one gets a taste of McNamara’s skepticism and the replies of the brass. For instance, at one point the secretary extracts a concession that “50-60 percent of VC weapons were of U.S. Def Of Anxious? origin.” A bit later, we read: “GEN HARKINS stated that for effective control the border should be defined, marked and cleared similar to the Greek boundary with Albania and Bulgaria. However, this cannot be done in the foreseeable future.” Turning to the development of a “comprehensive plan,” the documents immediately reflect discussions of Employee a phase-down in the U.S. presence. Essay? For instance: “SEC MCNAMARA stated that our efforts should be directed toward turning over Employee Essay equipment now in U.S. Period Before? units supporting the Vietnamese as rapidly as possible.

He added that we must avoid creating a situation that now obtains in Korea where we are presently spending almost half a billion dollars per Employee Involvement year in foreign aid.” A little later, we find a decision noted: “1. Draw up training plans for the RVNAF that will permit us to start an earlier withdrawal of U.S. personnel than proposed under the plans presented.” And: “d. Plan to withdraw 1000 U.S. military personnel from RVN by December 1963.” Further discussion of the 1,000 man withdrawal is recorded shortly: GEN HARKINS emphasized that he did not want to refers to the upper limit of, gather up 1,000 U.S. personnel and have them depart with bands playing, flags flying etc.

This would have a bad effect on the Vietnamese, to be pulling out Effective, just when it appears they are winning. SEC MCNAMARA stated that this would have to be handled carefully due to the psychological impact. However, there should be an intensive training program of RVNAF to allow removal of def of anxious U.S. Effective Involvement Essay? units rather than individuals. There follows considerable discussion of proposals to refers upper of, launch raids on North Vietnam. Employee Essay? For Geneva convention reasons, it is agreed that these must be covert. Use of Laos is not feasible; there are no land entries through the demilitarized zone. As for sea entry, available boats are susceptible to weather and too slow. Views On Abortion? Sea is the only means of exfiltration.

However, for any major operation the RVN naval craft are not qualified to tangle with DRV craft. . Employee? . Model Cipp? . Build-up in CIA resources by end CY 1963 includes 40 teams in addition to 9 in country. New high speed armed boats will be available for infiltration and exfiltration in September, providing a year-round, all-weather capability. Thus emerges an answer to one of the Effective Involvement, critical questions separating Newman and Scott from Chomsky. OPLAN 34A, when it emerged in November, would be a CIA operation. It could not be otherwise, for the Government of Vietnam did not possess the boats.8. Eventually, discussion turns to projected force structures, and a table titled “CPSVNFORECAST OF PHASE-OUT OF US FORCES” gives precise estimates, by major unit, of the projected American commitment through 1968. McNamara’s reaction to this timetable is model cipp, recorded clearly: In connection with this presentation, made by COMUSMACV (attached hereto), the Secretary of Defense stated that the phase-out appears too slow. He directed that training plans be developed for the GVN by Effective Employee Essay CINCPAC which will permit a more rapid phase-out of def of anxious U.S. forces, stating specifically that we should review our plans for pilot training with the view to accelerating it materially. He made particular point of the desirability of speeding up training of helicopter pilots, so that we may give the Effective Employee, Vietnamese our copters and of God Essay thus be able to move our own forces out. ACTION: Joint Staff (J-3); message directive to CINCPAC, info COMUSMACV. Employee Involvement Essay? (Emphasis added.)

The May conference thus fills in the primary record: plans were under development for model cipp, the complete withdrawal of U.S. forces from Vietnam. Involvement Essay? On October 2, 1963, as we have previously seen, President Kennedy made clear his determination to implement those plansto withdraw 1,000 troops by the end of 1963, and to get almost all the Essay, rest out by the end of Effective Employee Involvement Essay 1965. There followed, on October 4, a memorandum titled “South Vietnam Actions” from General Maxwell Taylor to his fellow Joint Chiefs of Staff, Generals May, Wheeler, Shoup, and Admiral McDonald, that reads: b. The program currently in progress to The Kingdom of God, train Vietnamese forces will be reviewed and accelerated as necessary to insure that all essential functions visualized to Effective Employee, be required for the projected operational environment, to include those now performed by U.S. Of God? military units and personnel, can be assumed properly by the Vietnamese by Effective the end of calendar year 1965. All planning will be directed towards preparing RVN forces for the withdrawal of all U.S. special assistance units and personnel by the end of calendar year 1965. (Emphasis added.) “All planning” is an prehistory refers before, unconditional phrase. Employee Involvement? There is no contingency here, or elsewhere in this memorandum.

The next paragraph reads: c. Execute the plan to withdraw 1,000 U.S. military personnel by the end of 1963 per your DTG 212201Z July, and as approved for planning by def of anxious JCS DTG 062042Z September. Previous guidance on the public affairs annex is altered to the extent that the action will now be treated in Essay, low key, as the initial increment of U.S. Views On Abortion? forces whose presence is Involvement Essay, no longer required because (a) Vietnamese forces have been trained to assume the function involved; or (b) the function for which they came to Vietnam has been completed. (Emphasis added.) This resolves the question of how the initial withdrawal was to be carried out. It was not to Essay, be a noisy or cosmetic affair, designed to please either U.S. opinion or to change policies in Saigon. It was rather to be a low-key, matter-of-fact beginning to Employee, a process that would play out over the following two years. The final paragraph of Taylor’s memorandum underlines this point by directing that “specific checkpoints will be established now against which progress can be evaluated on a quarterly basis.” There is much more in the JCS documents to show that Kennedy was well aware of the evidence that South Vietnam was, in capacity refers upper, fact, losing the war. Effective Employee Essay? But it hardly matters. The withdrawal decided on was unconditional, and did not depend on military progress or lack of it. Four days after Kennedy was killed, NSAM 273 incorporated the new president’s directives into The Kingdom of God policy. It made clear that the objectives of Johnson’s policy remained the same as Kennedy’s: “to assist the people and government of South Vietnam to win their contest against the externally directed and supported Communist conspiracy” through training support and without the application of overt U.S. military force.

But Johnson had also approved intensified planning for covert action against North Vietnam by Involvement CIA-supported South Vietnamese forces. With this, McNamara confirms one of of management and leadership Newman’s central claims: NSAM 273 changed policy. Employee Involvement? Yes, the “central objectives” remained the same: a Vietnamese war with no “overt U.S. military force.” But covert force is still “U.S. Theories And Leadership? military force.” And that was introduced or at least first approved, as McNamara writes, by NSAM 273 within four days of Kennedy’s assassination.Moreover, McNamara effectively supports Newman on the meaning of NSAM 273’s seventh paragraph, which was inserted in the draft (as we have seen) sometime between November 21 and 26after the Employee Involvement, Honolulu meeting had adjourned and probably after Kennedy died. A final military document is relevant here. Dated December 11, 1963, it is titled “Department of Defense Actions to model cipp, Implement NSAM No. 273, 26 November 1963.” This document was prepared by Marine Lieutenant Colonel M. Effective Employee? C. Dalby; it is from CINCPAC files and is labeled “Group 1Excluded from Automatic Downgrading and Declassification.” The document begins coldly: “After reviewing the recent discussions of South Vietnam which occurred in Honolulu and after discussing the matter further with Ambassador Lodge, the views on abortion, President directed that certain guidance be issued to various Government Agencies. This was promulgated in the form of National Security Action Memorandum 273, 26 November 1963.” There is no reference to the change of commander in chief, which had occurred within the time frame indicated by Effective Involvement Essay the opening sentence. The particular importance of this document is its reference to paragraph 7 of period NSAM 273. Planning for intensified action against Effective Employee North Vietnam was directed following the maximum capacity refers upper limit, Honolulu Conference (JCS 3697, 26 Nov 1963) in the form of a 12-month program. . . . A deadline of 20 Dec 63 has been set for completion of the plan. There are then notes that these requirements were communicated to CINCPAC and COMUSMACV on December 2, with a reply from COMUSMACV on December 3. CIA station guidance, however, happened even more rapidly than that:

CIA guidance to Employee, Saigon Station for intensified planning was dispatched following the Honolulu Conference (CAS 84972, 25 Nov 63). Religious On Abortion? (Emphasis added.) In other words, the Effective Involvement Essay, CIA began developing intensified plans to implement OPLAN 34A, the program of seaborne raids and sabotage against North Vietnam that would lead to the Gulf of Tonkin incident and def of anxious eventually to the wider war, one day before President Johnson signed the directive authorizing that action. How this happened, and its precise significance, remains to be determined.9. John F. Effective Involvement Essay? Kennedy had formally decided to withdraw from Vietnam, whether we were winning or not. Robert McNamara, who did not believe we were winning, supported this decision.10 The first stage of withdrawal had been ordered. The final date, two years later, had been specified. These decisions were taken, and capacity refers to the even placed, in an oblique and carefully limited way, before the public. Howard Jones makes two large contributions to this tale. One of them is simply range, depth, and completeness.

His recent book Death of a Generation is a full history of how the assassinations of Diem and Effective Employee Essay then of JFK prolonged a war that otherwise might have ended quietly within a few years. Where this essay has presented the story-within-a-story of just a few Washington weeks, Jones goes back to the start of the 1960s, chronicling the religious views on abortion, struggle for power and policy that marked the whole of Effective Employee Involvement Essay Kennedy’s thousand days. And he presents a reasonably complete account of the archival record surrounding the withdrawal decisions of October 1963. Equally important, Jones’s reach extends to Saigon. In a long and def of anxious fascinating section he outlines the intrigues that led to the murders of Diem and his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu on November 1, 1963. Here, Kennedy’s White House appears at its worst. It was fractious, disorganized, preoccupied with American politics, ignorant of the Employee, forces it faced in Vietnam.

Diem’s mistreatment of the Buddhists, which provoked the monk Quang Duc to burn himself on a Saigon street in June 1963, traumatized the capacity refers limit, White House. And following that incident, Madame Nhu and her remarks about Effective “barbecued bonzes” were an irritant out of proportion to their importance. The Kingdom? Thus, in part, the decision to dissociate from Employee Involvement, Diem. In August 1963 it was a faction of subordinates (Averell Harriman, Roger Hilsman, Michael Forrestal) who seized the opportunity to foment a Saigon coup, taking advantage of the model cipp, absence of the most senior officials over a Washington weekend. Then, having set events in motion, the White House became preoccupied with a deniability that was wholly implausible. Partly as a result it had limited contact with the conspirators and Effective Essay was unable to prehistory to the period before, protect Diem and Nhu when the coup came.

Diem was indefensible in many ways. But the Essay, coup went forward with no alternative in view; and as the French ambassador to Saigon put it at the time: “any other government will be even more dependent on the Americans, will be obedient to them in maximum upper of, all things, and Effective Employee so there will be no chance for peace.” Meanwhile, there are tantalizing undercurrents of what might have been. Was Nhu in discussions with intermediaries for Ho Chi Minh, with the possibility that there might have been a deal between North and the term prehistory refers to the South to boot the Americans from Employee Involvement Essay, Vietnam? It appears that he was. And had he succeeded, it would have saved infinite trouble. U.S. Period? policy over Vietnam changed again in late November1963. The main change was a decision to authorize OPLAN 34-Aminor but fateful commando raids against targets in the North. The decision to Effective Involvement Essay, launch covert attacks on North Vietnam does not by itself establish that Lyndon Johnson wanted a larger war. As tapes recently released from the LBJ Library establish, Johnson also knew that Vietnam was a trap, a tragedy in the making. He feared that a catastrophe would follow.

In this respect, Johnson and Kennedy were similar. And yet, Johnson could not muster Kennedy’s determination, one might say blind determination, to capacity to the limit, avoid the disaster. He acceded to proposals for covert action, and he promised the military, on November 24, that they could have what they wanted. And so the sequence of Effective Employee events that led to the Tonkin Gulf, to our retaliation, to the North Vietnamese decision to theories, introduce their own main forces in the South, and to our decision to introduce main forces, played out. The days from Employee, Honolulu to NSAM 273, November 20 to 26, 1963, simply marked the first turning point.

It is not difficult to understand why Johnson felt obliged to assert his commitment to Vietnam in November 1963. To continue with Kennedy’s withdrawal, after his death, would have been difficult, since the American public had not been told that the war was being lost. Nor had they been told that Kennedy had actually ordered our withdrawal. To maintain our commitment, therefore, was to maintain the illusion of continuity, and theories of management and leadership thisin the moment of trauma that followed the assassinationwas Johnson’s paramount political objective. Effective Employee Involvement Essay? Moreover, delay in the resolution of the Vietnam problem in late 1963 did not necessarily entail the theories of management and leadership, war that followed. Our commitment then was still small. Tonkin Gulf and its aftermath lay almost a year into Involvement the future. Notwithstanding the commando raids, a diplomatic solution might have been found later on. Left in charge, Lyndon Johnson temporized, agonized, and The Kingdom of God cursed the fates.

But ultimately he committed us to Employee Essay, war that he knew in advance would be practically impossible to win. Nothing can erase this. Maximum Capacity To The Upper Limit Of? And yet meanwhile, alongside McNamara, he too prevented any steps that might lead to Involvement, an invasion of the North, direct conflict with China, and model cipp nuclear confrontation. He bided his time, until the trauma of Tet in January of 1968 and his own departure from politics in March liberated him to Effective, do what Kennedy had done over Laos in 1961: send Harriman to end it at the negotiating table. Why did Johnson do it? He was not misinformed about the prospects for the term prehistory refers to the before, sucess. He was not crazy. His political fate in 1964 did not depend on Effective Involvement Essay a show of toughness. Prehistory Before? But one possibility is that the alternatives, as he saw them, were worse.

To appreciate this possibility, one needs to grasp not one but two exceptionally thorny nettles: that of the strategic balance in the early 1960s on the one hand, and that of the assassination of John F. Kennedy on Employee Involvement Essay the other. In contemplating Johnson’s dilemma we find ourselves poised between the and leadership, two black holes of the modern history of the United States.11. Kennedy’s decision to withdraw from Vietnam was, as Jones writes, “unconditional, for he approved a calendar of events that did not necessitate a victory.” It was also part of a larger strategy, of a sequence that included the Laos and Berlin settlements in Effective Involvement, 1961, the capacity to the limit, non-invasion of Cuba in 1962, the Test Ban Treaty in 1963. Kennedy subordinated the timing of these events to politics: he was quite prepared to leave soldiers in harm’s way until after his own reelection. His larger goal after that was to settle the Cold War, without either victory or defeata strategic vision laid out in JFK’s commencement speech at Effective Employee Essay, American University on June 10, 1963.

And that was, partly, a question of atomic survivala subject that can only religious views on abortion be said to have obsessed America’s civilian leadership in those days, and for very good reason. The Soviet Union, which had at that time only four intercontinental rockets capable of hitting the U.S. mainland, was not the danger that rational men most feared. Essay? The United States held an overwhelming nuclear advantage in late 1963. Accordingly, our nuclear plans were not actually about deterrence. Rather, then as evidently again now, they envisioned preventive war fought over a pretext.12 There were those who were dedicated to carrying out those plans at the appropriate moment. In July 1961, the nuclear planners had specified that the the term prehistory to the period, optimal moment for Employee Involvement Essay, such an attack would come at the end of 1963. And yet, standing against them (as Daniel Ellsberg was told at the time), the theories and leadership, civilian leaders of the United States were determined never, under any circumstances, to allow U.S. nuclear weapons to be used firstnot in Laos or Vietnam, nor against China, not over Cuba or Berlin, nor against the Soviet Union. For political reasons, at a moment when Americans had been propagandized into thinking of the atomic bomb as their best defense, this was the deepest secret of the time. Was it also a deadly secret?

Did LBJ have reason to fear, on the day he took office, that he was facing a nuclear coup d’etat?13 Similar questions have engendered scorn for 40 years. But they are not illegitimateno more so, let me venture, than the idea that Kennedy really had decided to quit Vietnam. Perhaps someday a historian will answer them as well as Howard Jones has now resolved the Employee Involvement Essay, Vietnam puzzle. Essay? Meanwhile, let us hope that we might learn something about the need to recognize and cope with policy failure. And as for the truth behind the darkest state secrets, let us also hope that the victims of September 11, 2001, don’t have to Employee Involvement, wait as long. James K. Galbraith, a 2003 Carnegie Scholar, holds the maximum refers to the upper, Lloyd M. Bentsen, Jr., Chair of Government/Business Relations at Effective, the Lyndon B. Johnson School of religious views on abortion Public Affairs, University of Texas at Austin. 1 JFK and Vietnam has an odd story, in which I should acknowledge a small role. On release, it received a front-page review by Arthur Schlesinger Jr. in the New York Times Book Review. But of some 32,000 copies printed (in two printings, according to Newman) only about 10,000 were sold before Warner Books abruptly ceased selling the hardcovera fact I discovered on my own in the fall of 1993, when I attempted to assign it to a graduate class. I met Newman in November 1993, partly through the good offices of the LBJ Library. Involvement Essay? I carried his grievance personally to an honorable high official of Time Warner, whose intervention secured the The Kingdom of God Essay, return of Effective Essay his rights.

Still, the hardback was never reissued, and no paperback has appeared. 2 “Counterfactual Historical Reasoning: NSAM 263 and NSAM 273,” mimeo for a conference at the LBJ Library, 1415 October 1993, published as “NSAM 263 and 273: Manipulating History” in Lloyd C. Theories Of Management And Leadership? Gardner and Ted Gittinger, eds., Vietnam: The Early Decisions (University of Texas Press, 1997). 3 Reeves, author of President Kennedy: Profile of Involvement Power, made this argument in a televised lecture at the LBJ Library in early 1995. 4 In a contribution to views on abortion, Vietnam: The Early Decisions, Newman adds a further reason: Kennedy had, on Effective Employee Involvement October 2, allowed McNamara and Taylor to announce, as their recommended target date, that the withdrawal be completed by 1965. It would have been awkward to follow just three days later with a presidential decision making clear that the timetable was, in fact, a firm one. 5 The fate of these commandos surfaced in the New York Times of 14 April 1995, where it was reported that after 30 years in prison, many were denied immigration to the United States because of a lack of service records. 6 My father has said many times that Kennedy sent him to Vietnam “because he knew I did not have an open mind.” 7 I requested release of the tapes in a letter to the ARRB in November 1996.

8 CINCPAC was developing these plans, but they had not been shown to JFK, according to Newman. 9 According to Newman, LBJ took a belligerent tone at his first Vietnam meeting as President on November 24, and McGeorge Bundy attributed the escalatory language in def of anxious, NSAM 273 to this. However, by Effective Involvement Essay any standard the maximum capacity upper limit of, CIA moved quickly, and by this account it relied on Employee the discussions at Honoluluwhich occurred while JFK was still alive. 10 I have in this narrative deliberately underplayed the role of my own father, who was repeatedly called upon by Kennedy to deliver arguments in maximum capacity refers limit, favor of disengagement from Vietnam, and whose 1962 recommendation for phased withdrawal was probably the basis of the Effective, 1963 orders. My father did not know that the capacity to the upper of, actual decision was taken in October 1963, but he is in no doubt as to Kennedy’s determination: he recalls Kennedy in 1962 saying to him privately and unmistakably that withdrawal from Involvement Essay, Vietnam, as that from Laos and theories and leadership the detachment from Cuba, was a matter of political timing. 11 My father retains a distinct, chilling recollection of Effective Employee Essay LBJ’s words to him, in private, on one of their last meetings before the Vietnam War finally drove them apart: “You may not like what I’m doing in Vietnam, Ken, but you would not believe what would happen if I were not here.” 12 Heather Purcell and def of anxious I documented these nightmares in an article published in 1994 entitled “Did the U.S.

Military Plan a Nuclear First Strike for 1963?” It is still available on the website of the American Prospect. When once I asked the Effective Involvement Essay, late Walt Rostow if he knew anything about the National Security Council meeting of July 20, 1961 (at which these plans were presented), he responded with no hesitation: “Do you mean the one where they wanted to blow up the world?” 13 There is no doubt that the danger of nuclear war was on Johnson’s mind. It also explains important points about his behavior in those days, including his orders to The Kingdom of God, Earl Warren and Richard Russell (the latter in a phone call, a recording of which has long been available on the C-SPAN website) as to Effective Employee Essay, how they would conduct their commission. The point to appreciate is that there is only one way a war could have started at that time: by preemptive attack by theories of management and leadership the United States against the Soviet Union. 19972003 by Effective Involvement Essay James K. Galbraith. All rights reserved. Originally published in the October/November 2003 issue of Boston Review. September 01, 2003. 41 Min read time. Vital reading on The Kingdom of God politics, literature, and more in your inbox.

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