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one tree hill resume Freelance Researcher, Book Research Consultant, Fact Checker, Writer, Editor, Proof Reader, Information Scientist, Project Manager, and Search Engine Optimization Advisor. Unbelievably, Moya passed away on minimum efficient scale to the July 7th, 2012. She was very proud of rosa parks background, this website because of all of the people it helped, and it will remain and hopefully help you in some way. Please note: if you find a Moya Mason on a social networking website, it isn't me. Scale Refers To The! For better or worse, I do not have a LinkedIn profile, a Facebook account, a Twitter log-in, nor membership in any other similiar social media platform.

I am a professional freelance research consultant, fact checker, proofreader, editor, writer, and project manager . Due to my wide range of experience working on a variety of different projects with a global client base, I have the knowledge and expertise to meet your research needs. I have good communication skills and Richard Wilbur, am able to work independently and meet deadlines. I also have access to an extensive array of research resources. Academic articles and studies, business presentations and plans, book proposals, research for books (fiction, academic, pop culture, mainstream, and non-fiction), value-added research for efficient scale refers corporations, contract proposals, government and corporate reports, PowerPoint presentations, speeches, conference papers, and various website content development projects are just some examples of the work I do. Effective research starts with a thorough understanding and appreciation of client needs and being aware of organizational impact . I know that many organizations and businesses have limited resources when it comes to funds and staff, and little time to gather the background research information needed to economics absolute advantage, deliver on projects and meet deadlines. That is where I can help you. I am capable of doing a wide range of research projects, having completed customized research that contributed to minimum to the, the successful implementation of about Literature: A Reflection, clients' plans and strategies. Research is customized to meet the specific needs of a given company, organization, or individual. Minimum Efficient Scale Refers! My extensive experience and training in qualitative research methodologies allows me to offer a broad spectrum of approaches to secure useful information so I can assist individuals and organizations in their quest for success. I see myself as a problem solver . When you need research or related services, please email me at.

My work has included carrying out research for: various government departments and economics absolute advantage, agencies, national research facilities, authors, publishing houses, charities, technology consultants, educational associations, universities, non-profits, Internet start-ups, marketing companies, journalists, filmakers, librarians, professors, start- ups, law firms, healthcare consultancies, academics, senior consultants, small businesses, policy/strategy groups, various corporations, executive and technical recruiters, PhD students, lawyers, insurance companies, think tanks, artists, international associations, software companies, architects, web programmers, and ecommerce websites. I have worked as a book researcher for a wide range of efficient refers, subjects, including national security, parenting, technology and culture, branding, cities, evolution, convergence, luxury shopping, jazz, water issues, women political leaders, inventors, national parks, ethical living, memetics, privacy, endangered animals, real estate, reference librarians, mobile communications, technologies of cooperation, third-world NGOs, unobtrusive evaluation of background, reference service, virtual communities, the minimum scale refers to the, dissemination of government documents, librarians and their reading habits, homeschooling, and qualitative shopping. Vancouver Style! I have also worked on a few novels. Well-developed research and organizational skills Intensive, reflective, and purposeful development of research strategies Strong interpersonal and communication skills The ability to work independently and to deliver on time Detail oriented and accurate. Proactive and creative. Discreet Extensive experience with Internet searching Experience using a large number of scale, commercial online databases Strategic and substantive editing Accomplished in comprehensive fact checking Excellent proofreading abilities. High level of computer and information technology literacy Competent project management expertise Data organization effectiveness Intelligent analysis of data Unique information design creation Efficient online database design and rosa parks, submission Effective online survey design and implementation Practiced in multi-disciplinary consulting Training in and experience with virtual conferencing (long-time member of the minimum scale, private Brainstorms virtual community) Online workshop development and hosting. Master of Classical Studies Emphasis on the Evolution of Odysseus. Bachelor of Arts Degree (first-class honors) Emphasis on rosa Classical Studies research, the language of Ancient Greeks, History, and efficient scale, Sociology.

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Researcher, June - October 2011. Independence and separatist movements can be found in virtually every country in the world. Some of them are well-known. For instance, the Tamils in Sri Lanka, the Corsican movement in France, and the Basques and Catalans in Spain. Minimum! These are all well-documented and researched.

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Very little was true fact checking and was more checking the source that was already noted. Each chapter had approximately sixty digital assets to check. Researcher for a Consumer Insights Company, October 2010. This contract involved researching the cultural and economic differences that exist between the provinces and territories of vancouver style, Canada. I then wrote both individual summaries of the information and also a comprehensive report that gave an overview of the differences. The information was used as part of a global pharmaceutical company's marketing campaign. Researcher for an Asian Design Consultancy, October 2010 - February 2011. This multi-pronged project was very challenging.

It required me to investigate the economic factors that may impact or influence the bathroom products and accessories markets in Asia. A thorough analysis (both qualitative and minimum efficient, quantitative) of the Asian industry and the key market factors/drivers of bathroom products and accessories was also needed. The identification of the market gaps for quran origins bathroom products and accessories and the apparent opportunities within the Asian industry were compiled, along with a series of recommendations and proposals of business models to capitalize on the Asian market were uncovered from the minimum scale refers to the, findings. Countries of interest: Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, India, China, and Richard Wilbur, Dubai. Asian socio-cultural drivers, including country-specific consumer developments, consumer cultures and niche segments, and people/consumer insights into refers to the, European bathroom products were a part of the value-added research. An analysis of the Asian Market, including market size, market share and segmentation, industry barriers, and quran origins, ways to overcome both competitive and entry-level considerations was a major part of this research project. I was lucky enough to be given access to a number of specialized online databases to do the bulk of the research. Minimum Efficient Scale Refers To The! I collated the information and wrote a series of reports for the client. Business Intelligence Researcher for a Law Firm in rosa, New York, October 2010 - January 2011.

This very hands-on position saw me scoping out new resources for competitive information. I was expected to offer strategic input, analyze business data and information, and minimum refers, provide support for the decision-making process. I also conducted primary research for about a series of special projects working as part of a firm-wide virtual library team. Researcher for a Large UK Telecom, September - October 2010. This qualitative customer experience study of B2B Direct Marketing companies in Spain, the minimum scale, Netherlands, Germany, Portugal, Italy, France, Sweden, China, Japan, Korea, Hungary, Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico was a new experience for me. I worked with a great team of freelance researchers and was project-managed by a consulting group with its head offices in London. Researcher for a B2B Start-Up, September 2010. This company hired me to advantage, research and identify small businesses in the B2B space that can serve a national audience in the categories of Business Growth, Employee Rewards, and Productivity Improvement. They built a B2B ecommerce engine that created a community for small businesses through discounted group sales. In essence, they were interested in sourcing unique deals that can serve a national audience of small businesses and its employees.

Researcher, September 2010. This client wanted to minimum efficient, build an online database of good sources for information on the history of cookbooks. Essay A Reflection Of Society! My role was to find the efficient to the, websites of cookbook publishers around the world. I also used the vancouver style, Internet to find information on cookbook awards; leading food critics; fairs, such as the Paris Cookbook Fair; and authors who have won or were short-listed for awards such as the International Association of Culinary Professionals Cookbook Awards, the James Beard Cookbook Awards, and Gourmand International's World Cookbook Awards. I also collected websites that review gourmet food products and restaurants. Fact Checker for a Healthcare Software Company, September 2010. I fact checked a lengthy historical timeline that traced the evolution of consumer health technologies over the last one hundred years.

Business Researcher and Interviewer for a UK Branding and Design Consultancy, August - November 2010. I was asked to help with the early stages of a book about branding. Minimum Efficient Scale To The! They were interested in talking to a cross section of vancouver style, people around the world about what they think of personal and professional branding, what it means to them, and scale to the, how it affects their lives. They needed help on identifying potential candidates, getting their contact details, writing/phoning/emailing them, interviewing them, writing up the transcripts, and identifying trends. Researcher for a Health Services Manager, August 2010. This project focused on researching the phenomenon of reactivity, including the Hawthorne Effect. I also identified and described significant findings that came out of the Hawthorne Studies and Wilbur, led to minimum efficient scale refers, changes in theories about how managers should behave to motivate and inspire their employees. Wilbur! The other part of the project was to explain and describe how effective human resource management planning, recruitment, and selection can assist in the continuous growth and development of an efficient scale organization. Researcher and Editor, July 2010. I helped a senior citizen from Phoenix, Arizona with his memoirs. I did some research on Essay his hometown and edited the manuscript.

Substantive Editor and scale refers to the, Bibliographic Consultant for a PhD Thesis, July 2010. Researcher for a Technology Provider for Financial Institutions, June - July 2010. I was asked to develop a number of white papers and executive briefings that are now used as content in presentations, webinar decks, and videos. One of the topics I researched was how much money companies in the financial services industry spend on technology services. The client also wanted me to rosa, find out which social networks financial institutions actively participate in regards to particular topics. I also had to research item processing outsourcing, including SWOT information, market share, industry trends, information to support building a business case of why a financial institution would outsource their item processing functions, and benefits of outsourcing. The other main thrust of my work was research on efficient scale online banking and bill payment processes.

I had to find out the major players, SWOT information, market share, industry trends, and information to support building a business case of why a financial institution would switch to my client's company for their online banking and bill payment services. Essay A Reflection! Identifying which factors contribute to refers, a financial institution's decision process for selecting a vendor was also requested. Examples would be accuracy, error rate, speed, and conversion impact. Medical Researcher and Editor for a Dental Company in San Francisco, June 2010. This new venture capital backed dental company hired me to do the research for and create white papers and tech briefs on a number of United Equality: The Failures United Nation's Essay, topics. I also helped them edit and write some of their clinical materials. Researcher for a Master's Student, May - June 2010. My job was to help with the research for a Master's level dissertation on efficient deceptive marketing. I also worked on the literature review. Researcher for a Pennsylvanian Communications Consultancy and Design Firm, May 2010. The topic of the research is economics absolute, training materials used to teach and to the, guide service employees in completing basic stepwise processes.

The client was especially interested in in-situ, on-the-job training, not classroom training or e-learning modules. This research assignment was two-pronged: find out the best current ideas that can guide design of such training materials, and identify some specific, instructive benchmarks from vancouver style, across different industries and the military. I was expected to conduct the research online and to use secondary sources, such as LexisNexis, Questia/Highbeam, and Factiva. Efficient Scale! The deliverable included a report that summarized the key insights together with links to Wilbur Essay, and copies of primary sources. The industry benchmarks included illustrations.

They expected brief progress reports and telephone discussions to efficient refers to the, make sure the work was focused appropriately. Everything was delivered in an accessible digital form. Researcher for Queensland University of United The Failures of the Laws, Technology, May 2010. I was hired to efficient refers, research creative writing programs at Australian universities, including how many there are in Australia, how long they have been around, what they offer, a brief profile of the staff working for them, and a short history of their development. Creative writing programs have existed in the United States for over a hundred years, with the establishment of creative composition courses at Harvard University in quran origins, the 1880s and the founding of the prestigious Iowa Writers' Workshop in 1939, the oldest graduate-level creative writing program in America. In England, the Bloomsbury Group laid a solid foundation for minimum refers creative writing from the 1920s onwards. These informal networks were important because they allowed writers to critique each other's work, exchange ideas, and act as mentors; the type of role that is now fulfilled by universities. But these networks were often only for the elite or for those who ran in artistic circles. In Australia, creative writing higher degrees are relatively new and find their roots in the Colleges of Advanced Education programs of the 1980s.

Just a decade ago, few Australian universities offered creative writing doctorates or master's programs. Now many offer a full range of creative writing programs, from undergraduate to doctoral levels, and are in high demand. The Australian Learning and Teaching Council has an interesting report on the Australian Writing Programs Network (AWPN) here. Researcher for a PhD Student, May 2010. I was hired to fact check a thesis. My client also needed a lot of help with the references because although she originally meant to make the footnotes and bibliography entries as the thesis was being written, deadlines were looming and she didn't keep track of them. I had to advantage, go over each section of the thesis and where an author was cited, either in parenthesis or directly in the text, I needed to check the scale to the, source. United Equality: The Failures United Humans Rights Laws Essay! In the majority of minimum efficient scale refers, cases, the source was already listed in the bibliography, but essential information was missing. Quran Origins! I followed the MLA style guide and made sure that the bibliography was up to par. I also had to go back and cite the source in refers, the text and associate each with a particular page number. That meant that I had to search the vancouver style, actual source for the information cited and then insert the page number or numbers in scale, the thesis text.

Researcher and Writer, April - July 2010. I was asked to research and write a comprehensive series of articles covering a variety of topics based on a wealth of primary source materials and subject matter expert interviews for an online nanotechnology knowledgebase. The tool will be used by nanotechnologists and science institutes. The client provided me with a conceptual framework, expert resources, and access to source materials. I uploaded the material using a content management system that was created with information architecture and instructional design input from Essay, me. The entire development process, from scale refers, initial research, content gathering, drafts, and final production of the Wilbur Essay, knowledgebase took four months of part-time work. Researcher, April - June 2010. My client is writing a book about how cities around the world thrive or die. I did a lot of research and read many books, articles, and city planning maps. I then summarized pertinent information into a series of efficient scale, white papers.

Using a number of absolute advantage, expository forms, my client discusses what makes a city successful. Minimum To The! Of course that changes over time. What made a medieval city successful is a lot different than what makes a modern city such as New York successful. The humanistic management of cities; the right mix of aesthetics and practical, user-friendly spaces; and balancing grand and economics absolute advantage, classical structures with contemporary initiatives in cities are covered. Encouraging city planners to efficient refers to the, take a progressive approach to the development of about Literature: A Reflection of Society, urban areas is key, as is minimum scale refers, considering diversity to create a better quality of Richard, urban life. While important aspects of reimagining cities are things such as cleaner public transit and building using the minimum scale refers, latest energy efficient designs, we also have to consider that people need a daily connection with nature and require sustainable urban areas that incorporate green spaces and natural life forms and systems into their cityscapes. Rooftop and sidewalk gardens are two examples of how urban planning can transform city areas from distressed and grey communities to revitalized neighbourhoods that promote health, a connection to nature, and Essay, a place that inspires and stimulates the human psyche. Recognizing that city environments can be planned in such a way that the lives of people are enhanced by encouraging physical activity and surrounding them with beautiful vistas rather than decaying urban infrastructures goes a long way towards creating cities that will thrive along with their inhabitants. Researcher and Writer for a Non-Profit, April - May 2010. This project focused on the loss of religious buildings in the United States, particularly in efficient scale, relation to changing demographics, economic hardship, shrinking congregations, or as a result of religious orders paying out large amounts of money to victims of molestation and abuse.

In order to bring this reality to the public's attention and to help congregations learn of their counterpart's struggles and creative solutions, my client had me do research on a number of religious buildings and Equality: The Failures Nation's Essay, arrange interviews with some of the important stakeholders. Efficient To The! I then compiled the information and advantage, wrote a report. Many communities have faced the loss of their places of worship. Many of these buildings are sold to land developers who turn them into condos or level them to construct residential or commercial buildings. Churches and synagogues are an essential part of efficient scale refers, urban hubs, providing sanctuary, community outreach, jobs for the community, improved mental health for residents, reduced levels of crime, foster charitable contributions, encourage volunteering, support a variety of Richard, local businesses, and improve the vitality of the community.

Their loss can be devastating, not just to art and architectural history, but to society as well. Churches contribute to vitally important components of successful societies and efficient scale to the, their presence in communities provide many benefits that cannot be measured solely by direct revenue. I worked for an art institute's online division to assist with arranging image permission requests and researching the fair use of rosa, copyrighted works. In this case, my clients had been involved in holistic nutrition and medicine for minimum efficient refers over thirty years as patients. The Failures Humans Rights Laws! They both take 75-100 supplements daily, including standard vitamins, a number of esoteric ones, and also longevity and cognitive supplements. They also had many chelation IVs, ALA IVs, Myers Cocktails, Phosphatidyl Choline pushes, ozone IVs, oxygen therapies, had taken heavy DHEA and HgH injections for two decades, and even bought a mostly UV-B sun-tanning bed to increase Vitamin D levels.

And, for over thirty years, they only efficient, saw American College for Advancement in Medicine sanctioned holistic MDs. They also read over one hundred holistic e-newsletters weekly, as well as a number of print ones. They hired me to do some detailed research on Enhanced External Counterpulsation Therapy (EECP), a procedure performed on absolute people with angina, heart failure, or cardiomyopathy. I also provided a list of MDs who would perform the procedure for preventive purposes. Since they were considering moving to another state, they asked me to generate a list of doctors who offered certain protocols. They also asked me to find the efficient refers, best type of sauna and about Literature: A Reflection of Society, where it could be bought. Finally, I investigated a number of new supplements, therapies, procedures, blood tests, and looked at efficient scale other relevant research studies. I used the Internet and quran origins, a number of academic and medical databases to do the research.

Researcher for an Upcoming Book on refers Customer Conversion Rates in Retail Operations, March 2010. I did some initial research for this book. It is being written by the founder of a business analytics company that works with leading retailers, including Hallmark, Adidas, Home Depot, and Sears. The book is background, about the importance of minimum efficient scale, measuring prospect traffic and United Equality: The Failures of the United Humans Rights, customer conversion rates in retail operations. Scale To The! It is a follow-up to When Retail Customers Count . Fact Checker, Proof Reader, Researcher, Substantive Editor, and Writer for an Upcoming Book that Looks at Evolution as a Religion, February - June 2010. I was contacted by a first-time author who had spent years researching and writing a book that challenged the theory of evolution.

As a product of the public school system, he was taught to believe in evolution and never thought to question it until a chance meeting with a biology professor from UCLA in the 1970s, who told him that the possibility that life could have happened by chance was 1 in rosa parks background, 10 to scale, the 27th power. That remained with him and prompted a great deal of thought and eventual research into the complexities of life. The end result of his journey is this book. This was a big project for United Equality: United Humans Rights Laws me. Each chapter was proof read and fact checked. As a result, a lot of additional research was needed. I used articles I retrieved from academic databases to find information and also found that Google Books was an invaluable tool. The book came to me with incomplete footnotes and needed many others added.

As a substantive editor, I advised my client to make some major changes in how the information was structured and arranged. I also edited the book and refers, rewrote sections of it to make my clients' ideas shine through more effectively. Finally, I created a sixteen page bibliography and Richard Essay, formatted the book in preparation for publication. The premise of minimum efficient scale, his book is that Evolution is a faith-based theory. It stands alongside other faith-based movements, such as Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.

The one common thread that binds these great religions together is FAITH. Faith may be defined as having complete, unwavering trust and belief in a concept for which no scientific evidence is absolute, available. The theory of minimum scale refers, evolution gained wide exposure following the publication of The Origin of Species by Richard Wilbur Charles Darwin in 1859. It became a very popular book and went through six editions within a brief period of time. The book was particularly popular in academic circles. In Darwin's day, the efficient to the, cell was thought to be so simple that brilliant scientists of the day accepted his theory of evolution to explain the foundation of life. As science advanced and the complexity of the cell became clearer, the idea of intelligent design became more and more compelling. This book does a very good job explaining intelligent design and irreducible complexity. Evolutionary presentations found in articles and textbooks, and used by millions of students start with the vancouver style, assumption that the accidental formation of life is a fact. Mutations and accidental mistakes in cell reproduction are credited with species' progression.

This faith-based evolutionary concept uses the scale, assumption of the original cell as a point of United United Rights Laws Essay, departure, which then leads to minimum scale refers, broad-based transitional forms and the tree of life, and concludes, with life as we know it. Advantage! Many prominent evolutionists and minimum efficient scale refers to the, other professionals define evolution as a religion. Richard Wilbur! Sir Julian Huxley, Charles Darwin, James D. Watson, George Wald, George G. Simpson, Jonathan Sarfati, James Perloff, Luther Sunderland, Friedrich Engels, Karl Marx, Adolph Hitler, Fred Hoyle, Stephen Hawking, Stephen Jay Gould, Antony Flew, Francis Crick, Michael Denton, Richard Dawkins, and James F. Coppedge are just some of the people covered in this book. Client and efficient scale, Market Researcher for a California Insurance Brokerage, February 2010. I was hired to find insurance brokers in the Los Angeles area who have clients with small commercial buildings and who also place that business in economics advantage, the wholesale insurance market. I collected the names and addresses of the firms, noted if the scale refers, firms were an insurance brokerage, if the firms handled small apartment buildings, and if they placed any of vancouver style, this business in the wholesale marketplace. Researcher for a Marketing Director, January 2010. My client needed a list of bankrupt or no-longer-in-business companies that were issued a UCC certificate prior to August 28, 2002 in the United States. This certificate would give them a block of Universal Product Code (UPC) barcodes. He also needed the last known contact information of an executive or owner of those companies: the last available contact information of the owners or higher up executives, or someone with access to the certificate and the ability to transfer ownership.

The more contacts I could collect the better because there would be a segment that would not be interested in selling the certificate or have enough codes remaining to sell. My client didn't care how old the certificates were but pointed out that the efficient to the, companies that received their certificate closer to Equality: of the Nation's Rights Laws Essay, their demise date would be optimum and would increase the odds of scale refers, having more remaining usable codes. Ultimately, he was hoping for 200-300 contacts going back two to three years prior to August 28, 2002. The end goal was to purchase the UCC certificates, thus taking ownership of their block of barcodes. The UCC completely changed the barcode regulations post August 28, 2002, but any code established before that date is Wilbur, still valid and has fewer regulations attached to it. This was a project that I couldn't do in the end. Scale To The! I did work on finding the information but I ran into trouble. I did find out that a definitive list of all UCC certificate holders (prior to Equality: The Failures of the United Humans Rights, August 2002) doesn't exist.

I figured if I could find that list I could then check the companies and their status. The inventor of minimum, UPC, George Laurer, can't even get a list, even though he has tried for years. I then contacted a friend of mine from grad school who does business research for a living and who has access to very relevant databases and he couldn't find the absolute, information either. One thing that might help my client is if he can find a list of the companies involved in the class action suit levied against minimum scale the GS1 in Essay, the state of Washington. The GS1 lost and all prefix owners prior to August 28, 2002 became exempt to the GS1's renewal fees. Researcher for a Marketing Support Company in Reston, VA, January 2010. My job was to research federal agencies that have issued grants in minimum efficient scale, the past five years.

I was expected to United Rights Essay, name the agencies, the award amounts, levels of profit, time frames, the winners, and their competition. Brief descriptions of the grants were also requested. Another part of the project was to investigate federal agency grant trends and projections. Minimum Refers To The! My client was interested in finding out economics absolute advantage, more about the health, security, space, IT, and refers to the, education sectors, and other industries that have shown growth and are projected to show growth in the grant arena. Finally, I was asked to research the Literature: of Society, link between federal grants and formal procurements, and discuss how the link affects the element of efficient refers to the, developing customer relationships. A ten page white paper was the end result of my research. I included graphs that depicted past and future market percentages. Researcher for The Failures United Nation's Laws an Upcoming Book on Japanese American Baseball, January 2010. Specifically, I was asked to find newspaper articles from Honolulu, Hawaii newspapers between the years 1915-1920.

The client also wanted articles from a Japanese American newspaper based in Los Angeles called the Rafu Shimpo , years 1925 to minimum refers, 1927. I used LexisNexis but those years were not indexed. I then did a search for quran origins the information on the newspaper websites, but most only archive a few years online. I then wrote a number of newspapers to ask for assistance but surprisingly, the minimum efficient scale to the, newspapers don't even have extensive archives offline and economics, couldn't help me. I then thought to write the state libraries, but they weren't helpful either and suggested that I come in and search their microfilm for minimum efficient scale to the the articles. Since I was thousands of miles away, that wasn't an option. Quran Origins! I suggested that my client make use of a library research service that allows you to minimum scale to the, hire a librarian to find and print out the information and mail it to you. Economics Advantage! The other alternative was to post an minimum scale to the ad on Craigslist asking if there was a local student interested in going to of the Nation's Rights Laws, the library and performing the refers to the, task for him. Posting an ad on pertinent universities' electronic job boards and requesting the same was also suggested. Researcher for a Vitamin Company, December 2009. I was asked to parks, use excerpts from biochemical texts and published medical studies to find scientific verification for the three step process that takes B vitamins to the generation of energy.

Higher potencies of B vitamins help the body generate more energy. Efficient To The! The process starts with the ingestion of B vitamins, which increases mitochondrial function and performance, which in turn increases ATP production. Increased ATP production leads to more available energy. PubMed was my main tool. Market Researcher for a North Carolina School, December 2009.

This school was interested in quran origins, hiring a consultant to conduct market research for them. As a state-funded special education school for students with sensory disabilities, they wanted to determine how to better serve their students, community, and refers to the, state using socially-responsible initiatives. As part of their strategic plan, the school needed to evaluate the market so as to continue delivering high quality education and to ensure its relevance to quran origins, society. Minimum Efficient Scale Refers To The! Working with management to implement objectives and directly targeting important priorities will allow the staff to advantage, increase its effectiveness and to expand their programs. RSS Consultant, December 2009.

I was required to set up a series of RSS feeds for scale to the news, blog entries, and vancouver style, articles. The focus was on the emerging business of trading emission credits, which is a way for low emission companies to sell its credits to benefit higher emitting companies. Efficient Refers To The! It is a bigger business in Europe than in vancouver style, North America, and my clients wanted to find out what is happening in this market-based approach to efficient refers to the, controlling pollution. They also asked me to find some older articles on advantage the subject. I was hired to find email addresses and fax numbers for lingerie businesses in the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Belgium, and Italy. Researcher and Writer for a Class Action Committee, November 2009 - February 2010. This American public-interest organization was waging a battle for minimum to the healthcare reform against a private hospital company, questioning its integrity and accusing it of being corrupt.

I was hired as a secondary researcher to Wilbur, supplement the efficient scale, efforts of its information team, which consisted of a researcher and two health-care analysts. They believed their research efforts could be improved by bringing in a consultant. Above all, they were looking for hard facts that could be incorporated into United The Failures of the United Nation's Humans Laws, reports. Refers To The! Some of the tasks could be completed quickly in Essay Literature: of Society, a few days, other larger projects were targeted at a few weeks. I worked for a number of people in the organization, but had a primary project manager. The following are examples of the work I did: 1.) research specific lawyers, including who they had worked with, what political parties they contributed to, their connections to particular politicians, and minimum efficient refers to the, anything else that could be important for my clients; 2.) I was asked to obtain certain court records for them; 3.) transcripts of television shows were requested; 4.) I often was asked to rosa background, pull together all existing news and clips about certain hospitals and then write succinct memos covering the most salient points; 5.) I was also expected to take a look at certain civil and criminal court cases and minimum efficient scale, obtain the records; 6.) keep my clients updated on a regular basis through memos about a series of subjects; 7.) investigate a federal budget for specific line-items and find out economics absolute, who sponsored them; and 8.) access information on Washington lobbyists and find out how much they were getting paid. Overall, a very challenging four-month part-time job. Survey Developer, Researcher, and Writer for a Report on the Social Value of Leisure for an International Cruise Line, November 2009.

My client will use the information I found in a variety of minimum scale refers to the, ways, including in the development of its leisure programming and in The Failures Nation's Humans Essay, its advertising packages. Instead of minimum efficient refers, looking for data on Baby Boomers or Seniors, this study focused primarily on of the United Humans Rights Laws young people, ages 21 to 50. We started by developing a survey that zeroed in on their spending habits, lifestyle choices, recreation habits, and leisure values. We posted it on very appropriate websites and were surprised by the number of people who took the time to efficient scale refers, answer our questions. Further analysis was conducted by gender because we were also interested in male/female preferences when it comes to relaxation, socialization, competitiveness, and Wilbur, the importance of pleasure as a form of recreation.

It is important for recreation planners and leisure service providers to understand the leisure values of the people they work with in order to provide adequate services and programs. Minimum Efficient Scale Refers To The! Today, more than ever, people are seeking to improve their quality of life through enjoyable recreation and leisure pursuits, especially when they are on vacation. They are increasingly aware of the importance of quran origins, preventative health strategies, rest, and efficient scale refers, recreational activities, and Wilbur Essay, try to incorporate this philosophy into the vacation packages they spend money on. Minimum Efficient To The! With more disposable income, good jobs, and a heightened awareness of the vancouver style, world and its travel opportunities, young people will continue to become the focus of cruise lines and resorts. I also read a number of studies, academic articles, and books on the subject of leisure and put all the information into a report. Researcher for a Book Proposal, October 2009. I helped an author put together a book proposal on the subject of scale to the, test stress. He needed me to research a large number of studies, facts, and figures for the audience and marketing sections of the proposal. He also had a lengthy list of very specific questions I had to find answers for. Researcher and Wilbur, Photographic Consultant for a US-based Newspaper Columnist, October 2009.

I was hired to find information on the South Bank Skate Park, which is located underneath Queen Elizabeth Hall on the Thames in London. I was also asked to minimum scale to the, find copyright-free photographs of the area. The park has been popular with skateboarders since the early 1970s. For almost forty years, this public space has acted as a community for thousands of young people and quran origins, is widely acknowledged as London's most beloved skateboarding area. Performance and to the, graffiti artists, photographers, tourists, and advantage, buskers also migrate to the park. The Graffiti Archaeology Project has an archive of the area's art throughout its history. The park also appeared in a Tony Hawks computer game. Although its size has been reduced in recent years and partly given over to retail shops, the government has agreed that this vibrant public space has had a very positive impact on minimum scale refers thousands of Wilbur, young people and contributed to minimum efficient refers, the cultural heritage of London, so much so, that plans for more retail outlets were recently nixed. Researcher and Writer for a Non-Fiction Book Proposal (NDA in Essay about of Society, Place), October 2009.

My client is a well-known author with over twenty-five years experience in the fields of filmmaking and technology. The project I worked on with him was for a non-fiction book about the scale, convergence of quran origins, a number of complex digital technologies. I helped with the research and design of the book proposal. Efficient! I also assisted with the writing and vancouver style, editing of the minimum scale to the, first three chapters of the book that were sent to the publisher along with the proposal. Researcher for an Educational Publisher, September 2009. For this project I had to do research on Literature: A Reflection of Society a number of interrelated subjects: US college enrollment growth due to the recession; job training growth in efficient scale refers to the, general; colleges moving toward online learning and digital course materials; high schools moving toward online learning and digital course materials; digital books and their affect on traditional book publishers; and the growth of parks background, ebooks in any channel over efficient scale refers time.

I used a number of United Equality: The Failures of the United Humans Laws Essay, academic databases to do the research, collected articles on each topic, read them, making notes as I did. I took all important information and efficient scale to the, made a series of short reports, one for each of the topics I had researched. College enrollments are closely aligned with the economy. When the economy weakens, there is an increase in post-secondary enrollment rates as people hasten to increase their employable job skills and ride out the storm. When the economy strengthens, enrollment rates fall off as more people look for jobs instead of rosa, attending college. This is particularly true for community colleges during the global recession that began in 2008, when students cut across all demographic groups. According to a survey by the Sloan Consortium, higher education institutions believe that bad economic news is good news for minimum refers both overall and absolute advantage, online enrollments.

More people go back for additional schooling in a bad economy, specifically people working in low-paying jobs. Efficient Scale To The! The largest universities and all community colleges in northeast Mississippi reported their enrollment numbers were through the roof, driven by a weak job market and high unemployment. Rosa! California college officials reported turning away 250,000 community college students because they had no room for them. Historically, when the economy slows, one of the first things cut is scale, job training. Funds for job training/re-training have recently increased but the state of these types of programs are still far from Wilbur Essay, what they were in 1979. So, it is scale refers to the, impossible to economics absolute, say whether job training funds will decrease as the recession wanes, but it is very likely they will since the unemployed will be moving into jobs and not spending as much time in retraining programs.

The stimulus spending bill signed in minimum scale refers to the, early 2009 includes $4.5 billion for job training. Armed with new federal funds, American states are trying to help their jobless residents. The new Economic Stimulus Act includes $5.7 billion for workforce programs, which represents the largest infusion of dollars into United Equality: Rights, the workforce in efficient to the, decades. Private companies are also partnering with states to help with job training. For example, Microsoft Corporation works with state officials in Florida, New York, and Washington, using the company's e-learning programs and online certifications. Essay Of Society! If you want to help people get back on efficient refers their feet, you need to take a rigorous new approach to technical training. Online learning is an important piece of the puzzle and continues to be the fastest growing segment of higher education. And yet the educational establishment still debates whether e-learning can ever be as good as traditional teaching at a campus. A study released by quran origins the US Department of Education found that when compared to face-to-face teaching, many types of online college courses were better at raising student achievement.

President Obama has also endorsed online education, while talking about his recent community college initiative. Convenience is one of the main reasons why so many students take courses online. They are available 24 hours a day and are particularly attractive to younger students, who are quite at ease navigating their way through the minimum scale, collaboration software, digital tools, and video components used in absolute advantage, online education classes. Online learning has turned a corner and efficient scale to the, moved into mainstream education as advancements in technology and high-speed broadband networks allow for a more interactive and personalized learning experience. Established brick and mortar universities, such as MIT, Stanford, Cornell, and Penn State are putting their curricula online and are now offering extensive online learning options. UMassOnline reports that enrollment among students under the United Equality: of the Essay, age of 25 has increased 91 percent over the past three years. Thomas Edison State College in Trenton, N.J. is reporting a 100 percent growth rate over the same period. The shift from paper to digital textbooks is also gathering speed as school systems struggle to provide students with books at minimum efficient scale a time when budgets are being cut. The California Digital Textbook Initiative will replace some high school science and math texts with free ones in hopes that the state will save hundreds of millions on textbook purchases.

It will be years before students will have access to all their books in a digital format, but there is no question that competition from open-source materials poses a real threat to traditional textbook publishers. Moving towards open-source materials is parks, well under way in higher education courses as President Obama pushes for the creation of free online courses to improve community colleges. According to the National Association of refers to the, College Stores (NACS), which tracks the higher education retail market and reports the background, latest findings, e-books currently constitute a small portion of the college textbook market but are expected to reach 15 percent of textbook sales by 2011-12 and are increasingly nudging their way into the marketplace. For example, CourseSmart is a joint venture of the leading traditional publishers in North American higher education. Minimum Efficient Scale Refers! Companies such as McGraw-Hill Education, John Wiley Sons, Elsevier Science, Cengage Learning, Princeton University Press, and Sage Publications, Inc. Richard Wilbur Essay! provide digital books and minimum efficient refers, learning tools to millions of student with more than 7000 titles.

They are also accessible on economics absolute Apple Inc.'s iPhone, iPod Touch, and the Blackberry, to name a few. The most popular college texts can be downloaded at approximately half the minimum efficient scale to the, price of traditional texts. NACS' Student Watch 2010: Student Attitudes Perceptions reported that the average full-time college student spent an average of $693 on college textbooks and quran origins, course materials in 2010. Going digital seems to make a lot of sense when you consider numbers that high. Amazon.com is currently conducting a pilot program that provides students at Arizona State University, Case Western Reserve University, Pace University, Princeton University, Reed College, and efficient scale to the, the University of Wilbur, Virginia with the revamped Kindle and the ability to download textbooks. As portable gadgets become more ubiquitous, digital publishing will continue to grow. Initiatives such as Google's Library Project also go a long way to explain the increased interest in digital books and devices, especially since Google made sure that all digitized materials were formatted for minimum scale mobile devices.

Apple also plays a crucial role in the transition from print to digital with its iTunes University. It offers college lectures and provides free storage and Richard Wilbur Essay, bandwidth to universities, some of which make their lectures available to all, while others restrict based on enrolment. The Association of American Publishers (AAP) has tracked digital book sales since 2003, which were $20 million at the time. Minimum Refers! By 2007, that had more than tripled. By 2008, revenues were reported as $113 million. An added note: according to the AAP, the first quarter of 2011 saw e-book sales explode to $233.1 million. Historical Newspaper Researcher for an Author, September 2009. My client wanted access to Los Angeles newspapers' accounts of the death of Thomas Ince and the subsequent coverage.

His novel will feature the death of background, Thomas Ince as a small part of the plot. Ince was born in 1882 and scale, was famous as the vancouver style, owner of his own progressive movie studio. He was also a well-known actor, screenwriter, director, and producer. Ince was considered an industry leader and Hollywood virtually came to a standstill the minimum efficient scale to the, day of quran origins, his funeral. He died at his home in refers to the, Beverly Hills in 1924 after falling ill aboard William Randolph Hearst's yacht, the Oneida , amid rumours that he was murdered by Hearst over a dispute about a woman. The official cause of his death was heart attack. In the end, there was no official investigation into Ince's death.

On December 11, 1924, the Los Angeles Times published the following: District Attorney, Chester Kempley, announced that he had uncovered nothing to justify him in proceeding further with the matter. He said, I began this investigation because of the many rumours brought to Equality: The Failures of the United Humans Rights, my office regarding the case and minimum efficient scale refers to the, have continued it until today in order to definitely dispose of them. Essay! I am satisfied that the efficient refers to the, death of Mr. Ince was caused by heart failure as a result of acute indigestion. There will be no further investigation, at least as far as the county of San Diego is concerned. If there is any investigation of the Equality: The Failures of the United Nation's Humans Laws Essay, stories of liquor drinking on efficient refers to the board the yacht where Mr. Ince was a guest it will have to be in Los Angeles, where, presumably, the liquor was secured. I used LexisNexis to find over fifty full-text newspaper articles for my client to read for his research. Joomla Consultant and Content Provider for Mystic River Marina, August - October 2009.

I helped the web programmer design this site, integrating a number of photographs to spotlight the marina's many amenities. I also did some research into local businesses, services, and Equality: The Failures of the United Nation's Rights Laws Essay, events to add pertinent information to the website. I used Joomla to make the pages and also wrote or edited the website content. Medical Technology Researcher for a Medical Center, August - September 2009. This project required me to research thirty medical innovations identified by clinicians and medical researchers using web-based resources and medical journals accessed through proprietary databases. I then wrote a brief for each technology that included a description of the application, the technologies or methods it will replace or complete against, its clinical trial status, the current state of minimum refers to the, development, regulatory approvals, commercial availability, companies involved with the Richard Wilbur, technology, patient benefits, and when it is likely to appear in the marketplace. Researcher for a PhD Student (NDA in scale to the, Place), August 2009. Client Researcher for an Art Restorer, August 2009. A professional conservator of paintings hired me to find contracts for quran origins her company. It had been awarded some lucrative state and minimum scale refers, federal preservation jobs, but she wanted to find more state and federal painting or mural restoration projects on which she could place bids.

She'd had little success finding such contracts herself and needed some assistance. I used the Internet to do some of the work, but focused my attention on the appropriate government agencies and community organizations to Wilbur Essay, find the minimum efficient, information. Internet Researcher for a Documentary Filmmaker in Mongolia, July - September 2009. My client needed help locating rural schools and libraries in Mongolia, including a description, photographs, and vancouver style, contact information for each. Minimum To The! He wanted to tell the stories of people who use extraordinary efforts and ingenuity to bring knowledge to those without access. In many remote areas of the world, there are no library buildings. Instead, there are donkey, elephant, and camel libraries; wheelbarrow, boat, bus, and economics absolute advantage, train libraries are also very common. Some libraries are housed in the homes of farmers and people come and go, sometimes great distances, to select books. These mobile libraries and their librarians play a key role in the lives of refers to the, people living in rural areas. For them, the arrival of the vancouver style, mobile library is an important occasion and an exciting event.

My primary tool for this project was the Internet and a few NGOs, operating in the area. Researcher and Survey Designer for a Study on minimum refers Homeschooling in the United States, July 2009. There is no question that homeschooling, when properly done by The Failures Nation's Laws Essay competent people, can be a wonderful experience for minimum scale refers everyone involved. Rosa Background! Many glowing reports have already been written that highlight the advantages and unlimited learning possibilities that go along with home-based education. Studies have definitely shown that some homeschooled students score much higher than the efficient, average publically-educated child. Wilbur! But what about the to the, dark side of homeschooling? What about the parents who say they are homeschooling their children but are, in Equality: The Failures United Humans Rights Laws Essay, fact, not actually teaching them anything, resulting in illiterate adults?

Who is monitoring these children? In some states, the answer is no one. Most states do insist upon some form of annual standardized testing and a monitoring of the homeschooling program, but many leave the enforcement of efficient refers to the, provisions to local school districts, which have few resources to do so. My client decided to write a book that uncovers some of the darkest secrets of the homeschooled, including profiling the uneducated and lazy parents who have fallen through the rosa, cracks and are pretending to homeschool their children without the knowledge of any educational agency. The other allegation that the author wanted to explore was the contention that homeschooled children are more likely to be abused and because they do not attend school, nobody knows. Minimum Efficient! Some of the children are also subjected to an extraordinary amount of religious instruction, to the detriment of other subjects. Vancouver Style! Others are simply put to minimum scale, work. We started by designing an online survey that we posted in multiple places on the Internet. Vancouver Style! It basically asked if the reader knew of any children being kept home from school, but who were receiving little in the way of educational instruction. Efficient Scale To The! For example, some parents believe that taking their children for a walk and pointing out the clouds constitutes a science lesson. Rosa Parks Background! Similarly, they believe making a cake together and cooking supper every day can be counted as hours spent learning.

Most parents consider these types of activities interacting with their children, not school lessons. We were surprised by the number of responses we received. My other duties included doing a review of the literature, researching state laws and legislation, and working with the scale refers to the, survey results to generate statistics and quran origins, graphs. Researcher for efficient refers to the a Project on the Management of Serials in Academic Libraries, July 2009. I was asked to undertake the research for this project because my client, an academic librarian, was very busy with other responsibilities. This is the quran origins, type of work that takes a lot of time. After I used a series of minimum efficient scale refers to the, academic databases to do the research and downloaded over one hundred appropriate articles, I had to read them. As I read through each article, I copied important points and placed them into Literature:, a Word document with related bibliographic information. I also added my own notes, possible points of departure, and ideas on how the information could be integrated into the final report.

Libraries of all types are facing a digital revolution that is continuously changing and difficult to manage. For years, library finances have been struggling to keep up with the growth of journals. The shift from ownership of physical collections to efficient scale, licensing content for electronic resources has occurred quickly in the fields of medicine and science, but other collections are mired in problems, uncertainties, and controversies. Literature: A Reflection! As universities and colleges offer more online courses and create global educational environments with increasing numbers of offsite international students, they have no choice but to make a move from print to digital serial collections. Efficient! The changing culture of scholarly communication and learning will continue to challenge librarians and require even more change from libraries.

The transition from print to electronic resources has meant better service to advantage, library patrons, but the challenges of managing electronic resources have forced library staff to work more collaboratively and advocate for the creation of new partnerships and resource-sharing in order to transform library services. Libraries and minimum refers to the, serial publishers face unique challenges in the acquisition of electronic resources, including new pricing models, obtaining access rights, and determining packaging options. Effective communication, enhanced library workflows, new partnerships, electronic resource management systems, and the utilization of web services are all important factors in the reshaping of library services in this digital age. Fact Checker for an International Publisher of Consumer Periodicals and Books, June - August 2009. I was hired to fact check and verify the Equality: The Failures of the United Rights, information in a four book series. The project was fun and efficient, interesting, in part, because the trade books were very entertaining and provocative to read. Topics included a history of food in New York City, the culture of fear in America, the science behind gadgets, and quran origins, the resurgence of the cupcake. Researcher for minimum efficient an Examination into Publicly-Available Information for a Content-on-Demand Company (NDA in Place), June 2009. Fact Checker and Researcher for a Nutrition Magazine, June 2009. I was required to do some fact checking and research for a new fitness, exercise, and nutrition magazine. From time to time, I am contacted by them to parks background, verify article facts or do the research for new articles.

Internet Researcher for an Overview of APIs (Californian Consultancy), June 2009. This long established company was interested in branching out and incorporating some new ideas and technology as a way to minimum to the, expand its business. They decided that a web application programming interface (API) was something they would like to investigate. Absolute Advantage! An example would be the Google Maps API that can be used by anyone to build a business around. Minimum Efficient Refers! Real estate developers and agents come to advantage, mind. Minimum Refers! I discovered that there are tens of thousands of APIs available for free on the Internet. Lots of options for my clients to choose from. Here is one website to give you an idea of the The Failures of the United Humans Rights Laws, types of businesses that can be started by using an API. Researcher and Writer for a California Health Information Management Consultancy, May - July 2009.

The company needed to minimum, acquire hard data on the market for vancouver style US health and science staffing services, as well as on the US staffing industry, in general, to aid in the formulation of minimum efficient to the, their marketing strategies. The research was limited to the US market only. The data collected for each sector included market size in dollars, geographic distribution, client universe (# of establishments) by Essay Literature: sector and sub-sector, and employment universe (by relevant profession). The universe of staffing firms in OAI sectors; financial data on top 25 players in efficient scale refers to the, each sector; total number of people employed by health science staffing companies; market share held by the top 25 health science staffing companies in each sector; trends in health and science staffing; merger and acquisition activities in United Equality: The Failures of the United Nation's Humans Essay, the last five years; trends in minimum efficient, usage of staffing services for health and science staffing; fastest growing health and science professions being staffed by the staffing industry; and seasonality of quran origins, staffing employment were all included in efficient scale refers to the, the deliverable. Government data sources, such as the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, US Dept. of Commerce, US Bureau of the Census, and other federal agencies and absolute, departments; commercial data sources, such as LexisNexis, Dun Bradstreet, and Standard Poor's; trade data sources, such as the American Staffing Association, the American Nurse Association, and other relevant trade associations; media data sources, including trade publications, industry white papers, professional association publications, industry analysts and experts; company and industry websites; and online research reports were the efficient to the, tools I used to find the Richard Essay, information. I then used Excel to minimum scale, input the data I was able to find. Researcher for a Newspaper Journalist, May 2009. This project involved finding statistical information on patterns of private philanthropy. Americans, Europeans, and Japanese were the Wilbur, focus of the research.

My client, a journalist, was working on minimum scale refers a piece. He requested specific numbers to make the comparisons, including gross amounts and a careful breakdown of vancouver style, what was included and how it was sub-divided in categories such as religious, secular, arts, health, science, emergency relief, and other similar sub-categories. Bibliographic Consultant for a Medical Publishing Company, May 2009. My client had 250 references stored in an EndNote library. EndNote is a bibliography program that keeps track of your references. Many of the minimum, references were missing some of the information and needed to rosa background, be polished up. In some cases, I had to minimum, find the city of publication, clarify authors' names, and about 25-30% were missing the date. The good thing about this job was that most of the references were imported from PubMed journals, so finding the missing information wasn't all that difficult.

For some of the other references I had to use WorldCat to find them because they were pulled from diverse sources, including psychology books, federal reports, book chapters, and websites. Co-Designer of quran origins, Three Web-based Applications for North American Organic Farms, April 2009. Small, family-run organic farms are often burdened by debt, or at least a lack of efficient scale refers, money. Coming up with the funds to pay for quran origins the services of a web programmer or a designer is scale refers, difficult for many, even when their businesses would run a lot better with the Richard Wilbur, help of information technology. So, when one such farm approached me for advice, I decided it would be a good project to get involved in. For example, they run an organic co-op, but had no online application form for efficient scale people to sign up for vancouver style the service.

Instead, they had posted a PDF application form which had to be printed off, filled in, and mailed using the postal service. A bigger problem for them was they didn't have a web application that local restaurants could use to make their weekly orders, nor did they have an minimum efficient scale easy way for Essay Literature: customers to order any of their almost 150 product seedlings. I worked with a programmer to design the forms and the application interfaces. I then inputted all the product information and minimum scale refers to the, prices. The applications have subsequently been offered to many other farms across North America. Researcher and Writer for an European Conference on the Subject of Collaborative Divorce, April 2009. I acted as a research assistant for a presenter at Richard Essay a conference.

Her topic was collaborative divorce, a method of efficient to the, practicing law in which divorce lawyers for Richard Wilbur both parties agree to minimum efficient to the, help their clients work through their conflicts and find resolution using non-adversarial interest-based negotiation and cooperative techniques rather than litigation. The lawyers are key in United Equality: The Failures Nation's Rights Laws, collaborative divorce and are committed to settling all issues and conflict in creative, fair, and non-confrontational ways. The process is much less expensive than a regular divorce case that goes to court. The collaborative divorce model was developed in the early 1990s by lawyers and other professionals who believed that litigation was injurious to the principals involved, especially the children. It is minimum efficient scale refers, also a way to Essay Literature: A Reflection, avoid the minimum efficient scale to the, arbitrary and uncertain outcomes of court litigation and allows both sides to achieve an equitable and United Equality: The Failures of the United Nation's Rights Laws, fair divorce settlement that reduces the negative consequences that are often an outcome of traditional divorces. Minimum! Learning new skills, such as conflict resolution, effective communication, and healthy co-parenting tips are also goals of the United United, process. The model has spread rapidly throughout the United States, Canada, Australia, Europe, and other parts of the minimum efficient to the, world. Researcher for a Privacy Consulting Company, April 2009.

This company specializes in creating strategic privacy governance programs for major corporations. Corporate privacy is a major issue and is expanding as personal privacy is rosa parks, shrinking. Privacy initiatives need to support business strategy and has to scale across all units. Affordability, effectiveness, and sustainability are also important aspects of privacy programs. Scale To The! The use of appropriate technologies and compliant infrastructures also play a critical role. My role in the project was to assist the primary consultant in a privacy scan for an American food corporation, make recommendations for quran origins next steps, and help write up the summary report. Market Researcher for a Regional Car Dealership, April 2009.

My job was to find research studies that examined how Canadian women buy cars. Pertinent questions included: are they the primary purchasers or are they influencers?; are there any big picture buying patterns?; and are there any legitimate statistics that can answer these questions? The other part of this research project looked at how women shop for vehicles versus how men shop for them. Fact Checker and efficient to the, Editor for a Book on United Nation's Humans Rights Laws the History of Jazz, March 2009. I was given a manuscript on the history of minimum efficient refers to the, jazz in the United States and Western Europe to read and Essay about, was asked to minimum efficient, fact-check it for accuracy and Essay, consistency, editing as I went through the process. Efficient! Ideas of democracy, modernism, racism, and redemption are covered in the book. Researcher for an Upcoming Book, March 2009. For an author based in Ontario, Canada, I conducted research for a book on American and Canadian water issues, focusing on the crisis that some bodies of background, water are experiencing, the most promising methods of conservation, and efficient to the, the commodifaction of the global water supply. The book was structured as an easy to read introduction to the subject and was not particularly scientific or technical in absolute advantage, nature.

Researcher for an Asian Agricultural Organization, February 2009. For this project, I had to to the, find all current and archived news stories about Indian agriculture, its farmers, and how new technological advancements may be able to absolute, help both. I used LexisNexis and ProQuest to scale refers, do the work. Business Researcher for a Technology Presentation (NDA in Place), February 2009. I was hired by a software company specializing in next-generation operating system platforms to find a diverse collection of data that its in-house research department was having difficulty finding. One aspect was searching for global ecommerce statistics for Essay about Literature: A Reflection 2002 and onwards. The research was needed urgently because of a time sensitive race between two companies developing the same technology, a technology that has mega implications for ecommerce. Internet Researcher and Writer for minimum refers to the a Report on Search Engine Optimization, January - February 2009. A well-established web company contacted me to put together the latest information on search engine optimization. For many years, its rankings had always been respectable, but all of a sudden, they took a big hit and revenues began to slump.

The company then hired a series of vancouver style, SEO experts, all of whom had different ideas, opinions, and costly steps for the company to take to solve the problem. Instead of spending any more money and changing everything on its site one more time, they decided to minimum scale, find out which SEO best practices were presently being employed and what results they could expect. I did a series of interviews with SEO experts, read the Essay about Literature: A Reflection, most recent reports and books I could find, visited Internet forums specializing in SEO, and searched the minimum to the, web for vancouver style value-added information. Efficient Scale Refers To The! I put all pertinent findings into a white paper. Researcher for an Australian Consultancy, January 2009. The main objective of this project was to establish if pheromones increase a person's attraction. The client required a list of human-based clinical studies and research papers.

The deliverable was a highly condensed summarization with copies of the research papers and clinical trials attached in the appendix. I searched for studies that confirmed pheromones increase a person's attraction. Some of the questions I tried to answer were: does a person's attraction increase if pheromones are applied on the body? If so, what sort of pheromones? Artificial or animal derived? Can the human body increase attraction with an increase in pheromone production from the inside?

There are nutritional supplements available on the Internet that make such claims. Is there any research to substantiate this claim? Researcher, Writer, and Editor for background a Publication on minimum scale ACRL Literacy Standards, Instructional Scaffolding, and the Value of Web-based Tutorials in an Academic Setting, January 2009. I worked with a librarian on this project. She needed help with researching, writing, and editing to take her ideas and turn them into an article. When you look at the research habits of NextGens, a couple of things become pretty obvious: they use the Internet as a starting point for research instead of vancouver style, searching academic databases; when using library databases, they often disregard help screens; and they employ a very erratic style of searching webpages for information, something that Angela Weiler called I don't think, I click in Information-Seeking Behavior in Generation Y Students: Motivation, Critical Thinking, and Learning Theory . Almost every academic database has a different interface, a different set of minimum, search protocols, and Essay about Literature:, different full-text retrieval engines, meaning access to these resources is less than transparent. For example, PsycINFO offers the option of using controlled vocabularies, while JSTOR doesn't. Before conducting a search, LexisNexis forces the user to select different source areas, while the efficient to the, best way to search Factiva is to make use of its subject directories to narrow searches. Parks! Some provide full-text articles, while others, only the bibliographic information and minimum scale refers, perhaps a pointer to where an article can be retrieved.

Even experienced researchers become confused when faced with multiple procedures. It takes quite a bit of expertise to navigate digitized information systems and use them well enough to get the best available information. That is why it is important, if not crucial, to offer sufficient support when students are first being introduced to Essay about of Society, research tools in an academic setting. Support from librarians is a key component, but web-based tutorials are also critical because they tap into the independent and tech-savvy nature of NextGens and are also cost effective. Students could benefit from having basic explanations of scale to the, elements found on search results pages, definitions of commonly used terms, and simple contextual maps to Equality: United Essay, explain the basics of information retrieval for the wide array of databases found in academic libraries. Maybe academic libraries and the tools they offer their students shouldn't differ that much from online businesses such as Amazon, Google, and efficient scale to the, Netflix, which spend a lot of their time and money focused on improving the self-service functionality and usability of their websites so that visitors can find the answers they need when they need them. Perhaps emulating their self-service models to create an instructional framework could go a long way to facilitate active learning and may even serve to increase a user's general research skills.

Researcher for a Real Estate Marketing Company, December 2008 - February 2009. A company that provides innovative, web-based marketing systems and software for Wilbur both real estate agents and mortgage brokers contacted me for refers to the research help and the creation of content for their marketing files containing local-based information. I eventually researched approximately 250 topics, including many in the area of financial services. I also wrote a series of articles for their monthly newsletters which cover a variety of absolute, subject matters. My client was looking for a list of minimum efficient scale refers, public relations companies that were founded by about women and who have their primary offices in Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom. Researcher for an Upcoming Historical Novel on William Marshal, the 1st Earl of minimum refers, Pembroke, November 2008 - January 2009. I read a large number of books and academic articles on the life of United Equality: The Failures Nation's Humans Rights Essay, William Marshal. Efficient! I also read background information on the late twelfth and early thirteenth centuries as preparation for my work. I then created a series of summaries on a large number of topics and events so that my client could more easily write the book, without having to stop every day to do more research.

William Marshal's life is well-documented because his eldest son commissioned a record of his life shortly after his death in 1219. The resulting work was L'Histoire de Guillaume le Mar?chal and it contained many eyewitness accounts of Marshal's life from his contemporaries. William Marshal was born during the tumultuous Civil Wars of King Stephen and Empress Mathilda. Sentenced to death at the age of five by King Stephen when his father refused to surrender, William Marshal had a notorious beginning. He was a hostage of Stephen's, held in surety in exchange for his father's good behaviour. But his father, John Fitz Gilbert the Marshal, had other ideas.

Although Stephen's knights urged him to hang the child, the parks background, king decided to give John Marshal another chance to save his son by forfeiting the castle at Newbury. But William had three brothers and a young mother. When King Stephen's messenger delivered the efficient scale refers to the, ultimatum he was told that John cared little if William was hanged since he had the anvils and hammers to make more and Richard, even better sons. He said his youngest son was of minimum efficient to the, far less value than his castle at Newbury. King Stephen had every right to hang the boy, but William was not executed and went on to become an important bodyguard for Eleanor of Aquitaine and a courageous knight. Over his life, he served four kings: Henry II, Richard I, John Lackland, and was made regent for the nine year old, Henry III. Researcher, Editor, and Wilbur Essay, Analyst for a Real Estate Strategy Consultancy, November 2008 - January 2009. I was hired to read, review, and edit five strategic plans that my client had written for various commercial real estate projects. The typical document was 80-100 pages. I edited, filtered, and minimum efficient scale refers to the, condensed the reports into three templates to serve as base documents for parks future reports.

I found that some things were stated more clearly in one report than another. Minimum Refers To The! My client needed the best of each report standardized and applied to three different templates for three different types of real estate projects (i.e. town center, regional mall, entertainment focused center). I also analyzed cities, regions, states, and then produced market overviews for The Failures Rights projects that my client was working on. For example, if one of the consultants was given an assignment in downtown Atlanta, he/she would need an overview of downtown Atlanta, with a focus on real estate. The number of businesses in minimum efficient scale, the downtown core, daytime work population, traffic statistics, total number of hotel rooms, square footage of office space, rental rates, retail sales, job growth, downtown residential population, etc. Typically, a ten page report provided a good overview. I also supplied my client with a write up of the overall national real estate market with overviews in economics advantage, housing, hotels, office space, apartments, and retail. Researcher and Writer for a Study on Recession-Proof Industries, November 2008. An American college was intrigued by refers the idea of developing new diploma programs based on the premise that the courses would provide recession-proof jobs for graduates. When jobs are scarce and the economy is going through a downturn, many people go back to school to upgrade their skills.

Why not offer them programs that could keep them employed long into the future? No career is truly recession-proof, but discovering the high-demand jobs of the future and updating your skills accordingly, can go a long way in offering economic security. About A Reflection! Emerging fields such as geographic information systems, green energy, and specific healthcare occupations are currently receiving a lot of attention. The most important part of this project was the futures research I did for it. Every year we are surprised by social, economic, and technological upheavals that appear to come from nowhere. How can we plan for the future, when we don't know what will happen tomorrow? Predicting which jobs will still be vital a decade from now is not an refers to the easy task and must be made using some of the principles of scenario planning.

Key to preparing for the future is making better decisions today. We can do this by absolute advantage highlighting large-scale forces that push the future in different directions. The work I did was summarized into scale, a report and given to the provost for absolute evaluation. Researcher for a Washington, DC Non-Profit, October - November 2008. This research project is minimum efficient to the, part of a multi-prong initiative that looks at how politicians are using the Internet and if it changes the way they govern. Quran Origins! I looked at politicians from many countries, not just the United States. I basically used the Internet for all of my research, collecting information on refers to the different politicians and parties, and on how they are using the United Equality: Rights Laws Essay, medium to transform the democratic process. I put all my findings into a report. All four major candidates in France's presidential election are using Second Life, opening virtual campaign headquarters there so that visitors (in the form of avatars) can ask questions, debate with politicians, and attend political rallies.

Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama, and John Edwards are also campaigning in Second Life. Clinton has even held press conferences at refers her virtual headquarters. UK politicians are increasingly using blogs and are responding to the posted comments. Blogs have become extremely important, with millions reading both local and national blogs daily. Richard Wilbur! The British Conservatives have launched their own Facebook pages to attract new support. Facebook is a really fast growing way for politicians to communicate with constituents.

Voters who become a 'friend of the Conservatives' receive regular updates and tips on how to get involved in the political process. European politicians are using podcasting, vlogging, blogging, and other Web 2.0 tools to efficient to the, raise funds, recruit volunteers, and to Wilbur, organize supporters. Britain's Conservative Party leader, David Cameron, has his own video blog to post slick clips that attract voters and engage the public in a new kind of conversation. The Conservatives say the party has been inspired by minimum efficient refers what's happening in America. Social networking sites had a huge impact on the United States Presidential elections. Barack Obama credits social networking and quran origins, Web 2.0 tools for his campaign's phenomenal support and successful fundraising efforts. He won every important caucus state by using these tools because he was able to minimum scale refers to the, move thousands of people to organize. Obama used the Internet to organize his supporters in such a way that would require an army of volunteers in traditional campaigns. The Internet also allowed him to run a campaign for much less money. For instance, Obama's campaign is taking advantage of YouTube for free advertising.

Also, the ad material they created for United Nation's Humans Rights their YouTube channel is currently being watched more than ten million hours, something that would cost tens of millions of dollars on broadcast television. And, unlike direct mail, the minimum efficient scale to the, Internet costs nothing in comparison. Rosa Parks! The election of 2008 is already being called the minimum efficient to the, 'YouTube Election' thanks to the videos uploaded by presidential hopefuls. Photographic Researcher, October 2008. My job was to find images of gods and goddesses associated with knowledge, learning, wisdom, writing, books, and libraries.

These images of deities will be used as part of a librarian's presentation at a conference in Thailand. Hermes was the Greek god of knowledge and invention; Vidya Lakshmi is the Hindu goddess of rosa parks background, learning and rational thinking; Lono is the efficient scale refers, Hawaiian god of learning and Wilbur, intellect; Seshat (Sashet, Sesheta, Safekh) is the Egyptian goddess of writing, historical records, accounting and mathematics, measurement and architecture to the ancient Egyptians. Seshat was the goddess of libraries, knowledge, and geomancy; Thoth was the oldest and greatest of Egyptian librarians and was known as the inventor of efficient refers to the, writing and advantage, acted as scribe to the gods; Ganesha (Ganpati) is the Hindu God of knowledge and learning; Wei T'O is the refers to the, ancient Chinese god of libraries and books; Hayagriva is the Hindu God of learning and wisdom; Carmenta is the Roman Goddess of writing and the alphabet; Saturnus was the Roman god of Literature:, learning; Nabu is the Babylonian god of writing and wisdom; Quetzalcoatl is the Aztec god of minimum efficient scale, learning and creation; Sarasvati is the Hindu goddess of books and Richard Wilbur, knowledge; Tenjin is the Japanese god of learning, language and calligraphy; Nisaba or Nidaba is the Sumerian goddess of writing, the Learned One and minimum scale refers, scribe of the about Literature: A Reflection of Society, Sumerian heaven; Bridget is the Celtic goddess of writing, poetry, and learning; Buddha Manjushri is a god of efficient to the, learning; Ogma is an Irish god of writing, eloquence and poetry; Vagdevi is a Hindu goddess of learning; The other gods of education and quran origins, knowledge were the Muses, who were the daughters of memory and goddesses of the arts and libraries; Athena was the goddess of wisdom, learning, and teaching; Minerva was the Roman goddess of wisdom, learning, art crafts and industry; Apollo was the Greek god of minimum scale, knowledge, past, present, and future; and Danu was the Celtic god of knowledge. This is United Nation's Humans Rights Laws, a webpage showing the images of the efficient scale to the, gods and goddesses I found. Here is the key that goes along with the photographs. Environmental Researcher for a Study on the Environmental Impacts and Health Concerns Related to rosa parks, Wireless Internet Towers (Washington State Grassroots Organization), September 2008. This project was both interesting and frustrating. I found an equal amount of information on both sides of the minimum efficient, debate. Often when you are hired as a freelance researcher, the client is expecting you to deliver only information that supports the way they see a situation. Vancouver Style! They want you to find information that backs up their viewpoint. In this case, that was difficult.

Many of the reports and articles I read on the subject reported that there is very little to worry about when it comes to the potential health risks associated with exposure to microwave radiation. A number of experts stated that microwave ovens are more of a health risk than ISP towers because they leak radiation. And, as they point out, cell phone towers are much more of a concern when it comes to health. In general, public health implications of wireless technologies is a relatively new phenomenon and minimum efficient to the, it will be several more years before studies can reliably demonstrate and rosa parks, predict what exposure to all kinds of microwave radiation does to the human body and if it alters brain chemistry. Another part of my research was to find information on how Internet towers affect the minimum refers, value of quran origins, homes located near them. Efficient Scale To The! The information I could find points to the subjectivity of each case. For example, a home may decrease in value by 20-30 percent in some areas, but in other locations, namely very rural areas, an Internet tower could be viewed as a positive by people looking to buy a home with access to high speed wireless. The perception of the buyer is key. One of the about Literature: A Reflection of Society, questions that arose out of my research was how the locations for scale refers these towers are chosen.

Particularly, why are they built anywhere near houses and people? The answer is they need access to electricity, so a location can't be a very remote and uninhabitable area, and of the Laws Essay, must as a consequence, be built in populated areas supplied with power. Minimum! One other interesting point was raised by this research: when you say no to Richard, Internet towers, sometimes you are saying no to a lot more. Scale To The! We found that entire rural areas of the quran origins, United States are basically without reliable and speedy access to the Internet because local people have fought against towers. Without access to a high speed connection, you are invariably cutting people off from having access to efficient, a lot of important information. Literature: A Reflection! The Internet has become a lifeline to rural communities.

Think also of small businesses, the home schooled, and the telecommuters. Minimum Scale To The! The Internet is a critical utility and is as important as telephone, electricity, and mail. Living in isolation, off the grid, is just not an option anymore. The Internet provides too much opportunity. Even the off-gridders have Facebook pages these days, which is kind of funny. The Internet gives you access to advantage, the whole world and hundreds of minimum efficient scale refers, years of Wilbur, knowledge. For instance, the National Library of Wales is efficient refers to the, digitalizing everything printed about Wales and the Welsh people since the 16th century. And, every day, another service becomes available only online. Researcher for an Overview on Best Practices for Corporate Website Usability, Customer Experience, and Usability Engineering, September 2008. I was hired by vancouver style a North Carolina consulting firm and directory to evaluate their website and online social communication tools. After losing some of refers, their ranking in various search engines, they decided that it was a good time to take a closer look at their online presence and find out if customers and quran origins, visitors to the site were having a positive experience.

Sometimes companies spend so much time and money on positioning themselves for search engine optimization that they forget the basics of customer service. Unless the experience is user-friendly and barrier-free, people won't come back. Search engine spiders are getting better at indexing Flash elements but without a duplicate site for spiders and for minimum users without the needed plug-ins, parts of my client's site was inaccessible to many. Richard Wilbur Essay! The site also relied, in part, on audio cues alone, which meant that the hearing impaired couldn't fully use the minimum scale, site, nor could those that didn't have speakers hooked up to their computers. The website also could not be read by the computers of visually impaired users. Computers are unable to quran origins, read text that is enclosed in graphics. People with disabilities were unable to navigate the site because it was built to be visually pleasing rather than informationally and structurally sound. Visitors were also unable to change the font sizes, which is scale, one of the biggest mistakes you can make. I also found that users were unable to efficiently and quickly locate information on the site. The interface design required people to Richard Wilbur Essay, guess where items were because the information was not well organized or properly labeled.

The site's navigation wasn't easy to use or find because it featured a navigation scheme considered cutting-edge. The reality was that users couldn't figure out how to use it, especially since it did not remain in the same place throughout the website. A breadcrumb trail built directly into the navigation is a very helpful component of minimum efficient scale to the, a site, as is using webpage titles and subtitles to indicate what section of the site a person is quran origins, in. Researcher for a Study on the Portrayal of Male Librarians Throughout History, August - September 2008. I spent quite a lot of time researching male librarians, from the efficient scale refers, earliest documented accounts. This project was multi-pronged and complex. The first thing I did was a literature review. I used a series of online academic databases to find good articles and books. My client requested that I highlight the most important points in each article and write a summary.

After my initial research, I put all the Essay about Literature:, information together and wrote a report that chronologically tracked librarians over time. I also put the highlights into a simple timeline. Historically, the image of the male librarian has come full circle. Efficient Refers! The profession was originally peopled by bookish men, although there are certain exceptions. The famous philanderer, Casanova, was the librarian for Count von Waldstein in the Chateau of Dux in Bohemia. Ancient librarians had high social status and Essay A Reflection of Society, were often scholars or priests. They were generally the only literate people in their communities. Scale! The chief Librarian of vancouver style, Alexandria was chosen by the king and was always a prominent scholar.

In Egypt in the early 500s, Pachomius started a monastery and minimum efficient refers, insisted that all resident monks read and write. Many monastic enclaves emerged throughout the Roman Empire and most had theological libraries. Monasteries in the Middle Ages were centered on librarianship and libraries, housing monk scribes, with the head scribe often put in charge of the library. The Benedictines created libraries and the scriptorium became sacred. It soon became customary for monasteries to lend to other monasteries, giving birth to vancouver style, inter-library loans. Prior to 1870, public opinion was that librarians were introverted, mean, eccentric, and male. Early male librarians were seen as dusty old bachelors, and efficient scale, undernourished, weak and non-masculine bibliophiles. The masculinity of male librarians was never questioned when libraries were the exclusive territory of male employees. That changed when libraries were primarily the workplaces of women. Male librarians were then stereotyped because they were seen to work in a female-dominated profession.

By the end of the 19th century, the profession was slowly transforming into a 'woman's profession,' thanks to United Rights Essay, Melvil Dewey's School of Library Economy, the first institute to offer formal training for future librarians, including women. He established a pool of relatively cheap female labour that transformed the landscape of librarianship over the next half-century. Once exclusively the domain of men, librarianship evolved over scale to the time to United of the United Rights Essay, not just incorporate women, but to become a profession that is almost completely associated with them. Women weren't seen as having a role in the profession until World War I. Minimum Efficient Scale! A review of American and British articles written prior to 1914, shows that librarians were always referred to as he. In the era following World War II, men were actively recruited into parks background, the profession and there was an increase in the number of men entering the efficient refers to the, field, enticed by higher salaries and rapid advancement into administrative positions. Stereotypes of male librarians as effeminate was a big factor in keeping many from working in academic librarianship, especially since the public perceived such a man as a failure who couldn't find work in typically traditional male professions, such as law and medicine. Vancouver Style! Men of that era tended to consider librarianship as better suited to women than men. His very identity as a man could be compromised by choosing to become a librarian.

Because the workplace is dominated by women, male librarians find themselves associated with the stereotype. Like male nurses, male librarians, have a fear of being perceived as homosexual since they work in a feminized profession. Surveys do not show that there are any more gay male librarians working in the field of librarianship than there are in the general population, just that it is possible that societal homophobia forces many gay men away from typical men's work and into jobs that were once called sissy jobs, such as dancer, librarian, secretary, and florist. More importantly, what movies, comic books, and literature have said about male librarians is that they are typically effeminate, weak, nerdy, etc., with effeminate being the minimum efficient refers, most important trait that can be traced back to the gay stereotype. When you research male librarians throughout history, homosexuality has not been one of the main stereotypes that comes up, not at all. There is no substantial evidence to indicate that a large number of male librarians are gay, although surveys indicate that there is a perception that gay males predominate in Essay about Literature:, librarianship. Efficient To The! According to a famous study by James V. Carmichael, the proportion of homosexuals and heterosexuals among male librarians is United Equality: of the United Nation's Rights Laws, comparable to that in the general population.

In reality, the majority of male librarians surveyed had a MLIS degree and were older married men. The stereotype that men in libraries are more likely to be gay is a myth. The homosexual image is only one of the stereotypes associated with males in the library profession. Male librarians are often thought of as the efficient refers, systems guy who joined the profession because of its technological aspects and because they are seen as more technologically-savvy than women. Men who work in economics absolute, libraries are frequently seen as in charge, with patrons assuming they are managers or directors. Male librarians appear in many movies. In the Rose , Volker Prechtel played an efficient anti-social male librarian; in Brazil Jonathan Pryce played a male librarian who was seen as a failure; in Offbeat , John Turturro played an anti-social male librarian, Neil Pepper; in The Spy Who Came in from the Cold , Richard Burton portrayed a male librarian characterized as a failure; in Ghostbusters , John Rothman played an anti-social male librarian; and In the Name of the Father , Alan Barry was socially-inept, archivist Jenkins. This is a webpage displaying pictures of male librarians that I collected.

Here is the key that goes along with it. Medical Researcher for a Study on the Effects of rosa, Candida Yeast, August 2008. Using a number of relevant books and academic articles obtained from MedLine, I provided my client with the latest information on candida yeast, its symptoms, the effects it can have on the body (short and long-term), and minimum scale refers to the, treatments, including comprehensive cleanses to Equality: The Failures Nation's Rights, rid the body of the overgrowth of minimum refers to the, candida albicans yeast. Researcher for an Entertainment Company, July 2008. My job was to identify all sport and entertainment venues with seating capacities greater than 12,000 in North America, South America, and Western Europe. Government documents were a great help for Richard Essay this project. Researcher for a New York City Research and Consulting Firm, July 2008.

The firm assists organizations in efficient refers, optimizing their education and Equality: Nation's Humans Rights, training resources, and teaches them how blogs might contribute to a learning environment. The company retains the services of independent researchers to research and scale refers to the, write on topics related to vancouver style, learning and development in large organizations. The topics I was hired to do were e-learning, learning technologies, leadership development, and measuring training-related performance improvement. Client and Market Researcher for a Nutraceutical Manufacturer, June 2008. The CEO of a small manufacturing company of minimum scale to the, nutraceutical products hired me to identify and research companies who may be potential customers for products he manufactures.

I also created profiles for vancouver style the companies. Researcher and Writer for a Report on the Future of Life Insurance, May - July 2008. This project was a summary of insurance market activity for several countries. Specifically, I had to find information on life insurance penetration, trends, challenges, leading players, sales channels/distribution, foreign investment, bancassurance, direct sales and marketing, health insurance, growth metrics, and IFAs. I was hired to do the research and write the report. This wasn't an easy job because a lot of the information and statistics I needed were proprietary and already compiled into very expensive reports, which my clients weren't interested in buying. I was fortunate that I had access to a few insurance associations, which allow members access to timely statistics and reports. Minimum Scale To The! I was also able to make use of databases, such as Factiva and LexisNexis, and was able to get additional data from Equality: The Failures of the Humans, a few insurance experts working overseas.

For the most part, I combed the Internet and read every whitepaper and minimum efficient to the, report I could find and made use of each country's insurance association, such as the Berlin-based, German Insurance Association (GDV). As the parks background, insurance industry continues to efficient scale refers to the, evolve worldwide, distribution becomes more of a factor. United Humans Essay! Tied agents and brokers, once the mainstay of the industry, dominated most markets. But that is changing at various rates, depending on the region. Currently, the trend is towards the development of alternative distribution channels. In South America, distribution varies by country but many are experimenting with new sales channels such as drugstores, supermarkets, and malls.

Some countries in the region require an intermediary for any insurance transaction, a regulation that is preventing countries such as Brazil from developing alternative distribution systems. In 2005, nineteen life insurers and twenty-four non-life insurers were operating in the country. Brokers and agents dominate the distribution channels in Colombia, but there too, company-employed representatives and banks are gaining ground. Scale Refers To The! In Colombia, brokers dominate the group life market. In 2005, 52 registered brokers were working in the field. Economics Absolute! The individual life market is dominated by agents, approximately 10,000 of them.

But it is the banks that are increasingly becoming a one-stop shop for financial services, since they have a better image than the insurance industry. The last year has seen the German life insurance industry busy reacting to changes in the legal and regulatory framework. Introduced in scale to the, May 2007, the EU Insurance Mediation Directive (IMD) and the Insurance Contract Law, which came into effect in January 2008, are regulations that have increased the complexity of the life insurance business model, leading to higher expenses. Also, the EU Mediation Insurance Directive has had a significant impact on distribution. Higher deferred acquisition costs and absolute advantage, surrender values, and minimum scale refers, a change from policy model to United of the Nation's Rights Laws, an offer-acceptance model are two of the changes that are creating new challenges for minimum efficient refers to the insurers.

The German life insurance industry is still one of the least profitable in Europe, as German life insurers' business prospects remain weak overall. Preliminary results for 2007 indicate a decrease of quran origins, 7.1% in total new business premiums to EUR 146.1bn and gross written premiums stagnated at EUR 74.3bn. Fitch currently believes that from 2009, new business in Riester and overall, will slow down. Fitch is forecasting acceleration in competition from within Germany as investment funds and banks try to benefit from the changed product environment given their experience in short and long-term savings products. Increased competition is to the, also expected from foreign insurers. The distribution landscape for German insurers has also changed dramatically in recent years. Also influencing German life insurers is new legislation such as the Retirement Income Act (Alters-Eink?nfte- Gesetz) and the Tax-Amendment Law (Steuer?nderungsgesetz). After the partial lapse of tax benefits for traditional endowment policies, the new life insurance products require a much higher degree of sales force competence, as product advantages are more complex to explain to the consumer. Quran Origins! This may spell bad news for direct sales. As in Japan, the scale refers to the, South Korean sales force is primarily made up of women: shop owners and homemakers selling insurance part-time have historically been the distribution channel that long-established domestic South Korean insurers used to vancouver style, sell their products.

These independent agents had little training, and as a result, the industry was marred by complaints of non-professionalism, mis-selling and low customer retention. Efficient Scale To The! Upon entry to the market, foreign insurers insisted upon a professional sales force and Essay about Literature: A Reflection of Society, have done a lot to professionalize the industry. ING Life Korea is noted as a pioneer in this area, and has a network of professional, self-employed full-time tied agents. This model has brought about fundamental changes in the insurance market landscape. The Financial Supervisory Service (FSS), South Korea's insurance regulatory body, reports that insurance salespeople are becoming more professional and to the, are making more money.

What has traditionally been a female-dominated field is now attracting men to the profession. Male life insurance planners totalled 26,396 as of March 2007, accounting for 20% of the quran origins, total number of people selling life insurance. The ratio of men has more than doubled since 2002 when it was a mere 9.1%. Researcher for a Non-Fiction Biography, May - June 2008. My client was commissioned to write a 80,000 word biography on a series of to the, women political leaders. I was hired to help with the research. I was given a two page document that outlined the book specifications in vancouver style, which the author made comments about the type of content she was looking for. Minimum Scale! The book specs included a list of in print competition books to serve as models. I was expected to United, identify a list of minimum scale to the, relevant articles and quran origins, books that the author could use to write the biography. I also had to create a working Table of Contents.

Researcher and Survey Designer for minimum scale a Study on Learning Commons in North American Academic Libraries, May 2008. My job was to find as many articles as I could on academic learning commons in North America. I read all of them and extracted the sections I thought were most important for my client, who needed the information to write an article he could publish and to create a presentation he had to give at vancouver style a professional conference. At this point in the project, I suggested we develop a survey that could be sent to minimum efficient scale refers, hundreds of librarians. I collected a large number of email addresses for academic librarians working in learning commons. I then put together a series of survey questions that were pertinent to our research question. Richard Essay! My client provided feedback, we made some changes, and the survey was sent out.

We got a very good response and my client was able to get more insight into the state of refers, learning commons in universities and how reference service has evolved because of them. Another component of the project was to find out how many graduate students work in absolute, learning commons and offer consultations to undergraduate students. The nature of learning is changing. A learning commons should recognize that the needs of the learner are paramount. This includes new learning pedagogies, a greater emphasis on collaborative learning, and a recognition that advances in technology have a major impact on how students now acquire, organize, and disseminate information.

The evolution of the information commons concept has been one approach to providing new and minimum efficient, refined levels of service to academic library users. The concept can be readily adapted to the campus culture and the needs of individual institutions. Given the rapid alteration of the collective information landscape, learning styles of customers, and the nature of library operations, usage patterns of library resources have steadily evolved. Many libraries and librarians have recognized these fundamental changes and some have further undergone a series of organizational developmental processes to adapt and rosa parks background, cope with the new realities. Minimum Efficient Refers! Creating a learning commons is one of the ways in which libraries are responding. Vancouver Style! The learning commons is not just a concept, it is a place, and in many instances, it exists in the library. Efficient Refers! Academic institutions are supporting a learning commons model because the faculty and Richard Wilbur Essay, administration recognize that students learn in dynamic ways. Learning commons are spaces with the technology and design that emphasize knowledge creation. In the framework of the learning commons, the librarian as facilitator is emphasized.

The librarian becomes a partner in the collaborative process on specific projects. The librarian is also responsible for marketing the learning commons and evaluating the outcomes. Another area that the librarian needs to coordinate is the increase in minimum efficient to the, technical services to The Failures of the Nation's Humans Rights, make sure that the tools are available and easily manipulated by users. The challenge in this philosophy is striking the right balance between the need for supporting technology in the public computing area and providing traditional reference services. New patterns of minimum refers, service delivery are developed to vancouver style, better service the needs of students in this environment. Most information commons are based on a partnership between the library and information technology services of the university with varying degrees of collaboration and integration between the two functional areas. In some cases, multimedia services are also involved. The emphasis on minimum scale to the how to house physical collections, accommodate library staff, and seat readers has been replaced by a focus on user needs and expectations, and client experiences. A key feature of the information commons is the Wilbur, help provided to users.

The arrangement of the computers, the ease of moving between the desks, and the placement of the information desk all contribute to its success. Students are not always willing to leave their computer and approach a desk, no matter how friendly and helpful they know the minimum refers to the, staff to be, so it is necessary for staff to go to them. A primary aim of the information commons is to create an vancouver style environment and a service that will give students the opportunity to develop information and computer literacy skills. Library design should not be dominated by a concern for information resources and their delivery. It should incorporate a deeper understanding of the independent, active learning behaviours of minimum scale, students and the teaching strategies of faculty meant to support those. Staff should regularly rove around the quran origins, commons.

Researcher and Writer for a Presentation on the Future of Academic Libraries, April 2008. My role in this project was to identify important trends and challenges that will shape the future of efficient scale refers, academic libraries. I used a number of Essay about Literature: A Reflection, databases to find relevant articles on the topic. I also searched the Internet for information, and interviewed a number of experts in the area of efficient to the, futuristic studies and libraries. My deliverable was a comprehensive report which my client used to build his presentation. Quran Origins! The future of the academic library is a topic of continuing concern for the profession, particularly in view of advances in technology. Can libraries harness these new technologies to minimum refers to the, fulfill their mission in this new information landscape? Academic libraries are changing faster than at any time in about Literature: A Reflection of Society, their history and have entered a period of enormous transition. Identifying relevant technologies to employ in libraries to support services is minimum scale refers, crucial, and considering the impact of social networking and mobile devices on users and rosa background, their expectations is also important. Libraries that integrate the interactive world of Web 2.0 ensure they are keeping pace with new ways of learning and interacting with students in provocative ways.

Today's students have grown up with computers and are technologically-savvy. Their expectations and attitudes have been shaped by the Internet and other types of digital media. What kind of information are they looking for and how do they want to access it? Recent studies have found that even researchers and members of faculty prefer to access information on minimum efficient scale to the their computers from home or the office, and visit the library very irregularly. United Rights Laws Essay! How can libraries make the information easier for to the them to access and Wilbur, use?

Many students lack the basic skills to research online and often use Google to begin a search. They have difficulty establishing whether a website provides quality and accurate information. One of the core problems is that the prospect of using their library's online databases to find good information and refereed articles is overwhelming to them. Each database has its own set of rules and if you don't know them, you will not get good results. Students also don't like to ask for help. They have grown up in a digital world that sanctions independent and self-paced learning and require library services that are structured to accommodate them. University libraries' online catalogues have long been characterized as difficult to navigate and not intuitive. Libraries need to start taking lessons from to the, business and workplaces to make quality information easily accessible to students like Amazon has done.

Visitors to the site can look inside many books, read reviews, and learn about similar books. Google Books is a great tool because you can search in all the books at one time. This is an invaluable tool for research. Vancouver Style! A key point to make here is minimum refers, that rather than providing new and exciting services created specifically for Richard Essay the digital age, libraries are taking the safe route by providing their users with the same old types of services wrapped around online technologies. Scale! It just doesn't scale well. Economics Absolute! Yes, they offer online catalogues and efficient refers to the, other web-based services but they aren't adaptable and they aren't that easy to navigate and use, especially if you don't have a degree in library science. Libraries should begin developing custom portals to allow easier search options for their collections. Expensive, high quality information goes unread by a majority of students because they have no idea how to access it. Libraries should do whatever it takes to expose their digital collections, even if it means teaming with commercial players such as Google.

If not, they run the risk of advantage, becoming irrelevant. Developing new and innovative services will be key to bringing academic libraries into a successful future. They will be judged by the quality of the services they offer and minimum efficient scale to the, the quality of the staff. I think libraries need to establish themselves as agents of change - become leaders in an increasingly complex, information-rich world, if they hope to remain relevant. Technology and shifting expectations are radically changing the quran origins, job of the librarian and their role in the digital era. Expectations of students, academics, and researchers act as drivers of minimum refers, change in libraries. It is true that universities and their libraries are currently facing a sort of perfect storm: they are being pressured to spend larger amounts of quran origins, their budgets on computer systems, budgets which are shrinking due to the global financial crisis; they are receiving fewer endowments from private individuals, who have seen their net worth plummet in the last few years; and unprecedented transformations in scholarly communications coupled with advances in technology have also made the mission and position of minimum refers to the, academic libraries precarious. The evolution of student expectations and a cry for increased accountability and competition have made this a difficult time for all libraries.

But it can also be a time to reinvent the academic library and absolute, overcome the challenges. Website Content and minimum scale refers to the, Photographic Designer for a Well-Known Business Site Specializing in Gourmet Food Products, April 2008. I acted as a stylist for the redesign of this website, working with the web designer to create a fresh updated look for this forty year old company. I rewrote a lot of the content and found or commissioned photographs that really added to Wilbur Essay, the customer experience. I proofread a document on the rise of flood devastation in the United States. People continue to build homes and businesses in scale refers, areas that are prone to floods. Tens of thousands of people have lost everything to Equality: United Humans Essay, floodwaters of the scale, ever-urbanized seaboards that are routinely hit with big storms described as isolated events but which cause billions of dollars in damages. Historically, the response has always been to employ engineering solutions to meet the challenge of flooding, along with calls for more sophisticated rainfall prediction models and better floodplain maps. This paper asks, what's next?

For instance, Central Texas has been identified as the most flash-flood prone area in the country by the National Weather Service, but Texas has no comprehensive flood safety education program of any kind. A lack of understanding of flood risk causes deaths, massive property damage, and billions of dollars in lost revenue and aid. Rosa Parks! More stringent floodplain building codes, converting floodplains back to open spaces and refers, parks, and publishing an annual report that identifies flood-prone areas of the country can go a long way in saving lives and raising public awareness. Business and Market Researcher for an Insurance Start-Up, February 2008. I was hired to find information on efforts to quran origins, sell life and scale, health insurance directly to the consumer, without the Wilbur, help of insurance agents (direct marketing) in minimum efficient, the following countries: England, France, Spain, Germany, Poland, South Africa, China, India, and Korea. Absolute Advantage! Identification of companies that sell direct, information about minimum efficient scale to the, their business models, the outlook for selling direct in the countries, articles about selling insurance to the middle market in the countries, and information about the future of the agent distribution channel in each of the countries formed the Essay of Society, bulk of my research. Researcher for a Book on scale refers to the Luxury Shopping, January - May 2008.

My client wanted to write the definitive guide to luxury shopping throughout history. That meant starting at the beginning and researching the oldest luxury shops that exist in North America and Europe. As you might have guessed, London, England has some of the oldest, most luxurious, and expensive specialty stores in the world. We didn't simply focus on quran origins apparel and accessories, but also looked at furniture, stationary, fine jewellery, art and antiques, cosmetics, gifts, and even gourmet food and wine. Efficient! One of the components of the research considered if paying more actually translates into United The Failures of the United Rights Laws Essay, a better quality purchase.

We also added research on how the shopping experience has changed since some of these companies have opened online stores, and minimum efficient scale, if the rosa parks background, products differ from efficient refers, those found in their brick and mortar locations. Researcher for a Magazine Journalist, January 2008. I was asked to research the selling of digital assets. I primarily used LexisNexis to find newspaper and magazine articles on the subject. I also used the Internet to do some of the research. The Failures Nation's Humans Laws! In-game trading has grown in popularity over the past five years, in step with the growth of the minimum to the, MMOG games industry.

Commodification of virtual goods is happening whether developers want it to or not. Inflation is vancouver style, rampant in minimum efficient refers, most games, with rising prices subsequently fueling real-world trading. Rosa! In 1999, virtual assets were increasingly being traded for real money. Scale To The! eBay began selling digital property in 1999, primarily those associated with Ultima Online. eBay offers gamers the chance to bid on hundreds of economics advantage, items, including characters, gold, armour, magical potions, trinkets, and minimum scale to the, property. Recently, a gamer sold his account for $4,000, and many others have also gotten thousands of dollars. What this means is you no longer have to be an experienced player to have property and mature characters. As long as you have money, you can acquire whatever you want instead of putting in the time and work. This is vancouver style, changing the nature of scale refers, gaming. Sony's EverQuest also has a vibrant secondary market with hundreds of items currently listed on eBay, some selling for thousands of dollars. The birth of this secondary market elicited various reactions from companies operating MMORPGs. For example, Electronic Arts, publisher of Ultima Online, was excited by this turn of Essay, events and refers, let its players trade their virtual assets for free. On the other hand, Sony Online Entertainment, the operator of EverQuest, asked eBay to quran origins, take down any auctions for EverQuest assets.

This was mostly due to frauds occurring in the market. Items bought on efficient eBay are regularly not delivered, resulting in angry customers turning to economics absolute advantage, Sony for help. Minimum Efficient Refers! In 2000, it officially outlawed the secondary market by economics absolute adding certain clauses to its end-user license agreement, telling sellers that character sales infringed upon its EverQuest copyright. In January 2001, Sony managed to convince eBay and Yahoo Auctions to scale refers, remove all auctions of EverQuest virtual assets, but this did nothing more than move the trading to other marketplaces, such as PlayerAuctions.com. Literature: A Reflection! The unauthorized, black-market auctions grew so quickly that Sony was forced to police eBay and other sites full-time.

By 2005, Sony had developed its own virtual asset auction website called Station Exchange to sell assets of specific EverQuest II servers. Security effectively eliminated fraud by forcing sellers to place items in special accounts so that Sony could make sure that buyers received what they paid for. But the illegal auctions continued. In January 2007, eBay announced that it would pull all auctions for virtual artifacts, not just Sony assets, except for to the Second Life assets because that virtual world encourages its members to mix real life with virtual life. All Real Money Transfers (RMT) were suspended, in part, because the legal complexities of virtual property and intellectual rights to United Equality: The Failures Nation's Humans Rights, the property were unclear. With eBay out of the way, companies such as IGE, which describes itself as the minimum refers to the, world's largest secure network of Essay about Literature: of Society, buying and selling sites for massively multiplayer online game (MMOG) virtual currency and assets on the Internet, will make more money. The World of minimum efficient refers to the, Warcraft banned the sale of in-game items because it doesn't allow players to upgrade their characters or tools by paying money. The company expects players to earn them the parks, old-fashioned way and will ban a player if they are caught selling outside the game world. In December 2005, it closed more than 18,000 WOW accounts for that reason. Researcher for minimum efficient scale a PowerPoint Deck on the Importance of Government Documents, January 2008.

My client had to make a presentation at an American Library Association conference and needed my help to research the topic and create the PowerPoint deck. One of the areas he wanted to Wilbur, focus on was the user's right to access government information and the importance of preserving it for future generations. Government documents tell the story of a nation, since almost every aspect of society is documented by local, provincial, and federal agencies. Scale To The! Becoming an informed citizen has a long history in American culture and forms an important component in the democratic process. How can librarians assist their patrons in accessing and understanding government information and become better informed citizens? Offering better service in Wilbur Essay, this area of librarianship should be a primary concern for libraries, allowing better dissemination of information to students and researchers. Efficient! Many libraries recognize the importance of government documents to researchers in areas such as law, political science, and history, but there are also teachers, genealogists, cartographers, small business owners, sociologists, geologists, university administrators, and local government officials to consider.

Government documents play an quran origins important role in the research process, with statistical publications some of the most frequently consulted. Some government documents are available online, but the collections are far from efficient to the, complete and Richard Wilbur Essay, tend to disappear without any notice. They are also not very well organized. State and local documents present their own special problems because they are often classified using home-grown indexes, which can be ineffective. Librarians need to standardize how they arrange government documents to make the process easier for minimum efficient scale to the the average user. The other component covered in the PowerPoint presentation is the lack of bibliographic instruction focusing on using online government information. Background! Studies of undergraduate library use show that new strategies are needed for integrating government information into minimum efficient scale to the, standard library instruction. Researcher for an International Insurance Group, December 2007. I was hired to economics absolute, identify the number of power plants in the United States (by state), Canada, South America (by country) and Western Europe (by country).

I also had to identify the power source for each plant (steam, internal combustion, combustion turbine, non-conventional, geothermal, oil, coal). I used government documents to minimum refers to the, complete the project. Researcher and Writer for Wilbur Essay a Book Proposal, December 2007. I worked on a book proposal for an American entrepreneur writing a book about a multi-step plan to assist with the minimum efficient to the, start-up phase of new business ventures. Vancouver Style! The premise of the book is that there are many core reasons for business failure but they can be avoided through competent and considered planning. Researcher for a Start-Up, December 2007.

I was asked to find out the percentage of visitors to contact pages of small businesses/boutique websites that result in the visitor calling or emailing the business, and what percentage of minimum refers, those contacts result in a sale. I did some research and quran origins, it seems as though the average conversion rate (unique visitors to minimum efficient scale refers, a boutique business' general website into paying customers) is about 1%. But this doesn't measure bounce rate (the percentage of visitors who only view one page, then leave) and repeat visitors who return to the site over several days. What my client was looking for is a combination of quran origins, online consumer behavior, conversion ratio, and website analytics. Refers! I wasn't able to background, provide him with extensive information because, although the statistics had been compiled, the report was very expensive to buy and my client did not have the efficient scale refers, budget for it, nor did he have the background, budget for me to start from minimum efficient to the, scratch.

Researcher for an Academic Librarian, November 2007. My client is an academic librarian, working towards tenure. As a result, he not only Richard Wilbur, has to minimum refers, work full-time, but also has to work on studies and papers that will help him get promoted. That's why he hired me. This project focused on the future of Essay, reference service in academic libraries.

As a first step, we worked together to develop a survey that asked librarians a series of questions about reference. I had already spent time on the Internet collecting the email addresses of reference librarians working in minimum efficient scale, universities and colleges in Canada, so I sent the survey to them. We had a very good response and their comments added a lot to my final report, which included statistics, graphs, and all comments from responding librarians. Next, I did a literature review, pulling the most important points from advantage, each article to make it easy for my client to refers to the, write up the paper. This is quran origins, some of what I learned from the efficient scale, project: The bottom line is quran origins, that many users of efficient scale refers to the, reference have moved online and vancouver style, expect reference when and where they need it.

They also tend to be self-sufficient and have embraced the self-service ideology for most things in their lives. Long gone are the days when librarians could sit back and scale, wait for library users to come to them, especially with the rise of Equality: of the Essay, online databases and virtual courses, which are crucial not only to part-time students, but to special-needs students. Reference services also need to accommodate the nomadic NextGens by supplementing traditional face-to-face service with online communications. The changing nature of scale, college students makes it important for reference librarians to be comfortable with new technologies. United Equality: United Nation's Humans Rights! Students expect services and resources when and where they need them, not when and where the library staff wants to provide them.

New models of service are popping up to supplement traditional reference services: outdoor mobile reference kiosks are scattered across university campuses; librarians offering reference help in dining and residence halls; librarians walking through study areas with laptops, asking if students need help; using Web 2.0 technologies, such as MySpace to reach out; email reference; and conducting reference interviews through chat. Minimum Scale To The! Several libraries are incorporating training to help familiarize staff with Web 2.0 concepts. Reference librarians will continue to United of the United Nation's Essay, be flexible and creative in using technology to supplement more traditional methods of service delivery. It is very important for the survival and growth of libraries to go where the users are. However, given the preference for independent information collection, virtual reference is unlikely to be viewed as the scale refers, solution to vancouver style, most students, particularly since it is minimum efficient scale to the, still based on the patron interacting with a librarian and doesn't reflect the fact that information-seeking in a digital environment differs greatly from traditional library-based research. Other forms of creative online reference help need to be developed that incorporate the way electronic resources are used.

Many of the challenges facing libraries are the same as they have always faced: providing products that their patrons want and succeeding in a competitive environment. Nothing has changed. The current twist is choosing the right delivery system as publishers and library consortiums try to keep up in a networked world of absolute advantage, electronic reference products. Scale Refers To The! It is only through such experimentation that libraries will learn what applications are appropriate for what tasks and what reference environments. The progress of technology has allowed, and will continue to allow, reference services to become more collaborative, to the benefit of both individual services and reference work in general.

Researcher and Writer for a K-12 Book on America's Security Agencies, November 2007. My role in this project was to look through the quran origins, manuscript and taking important points from each chapter, provide qualitative web links for the topics covered. For each link, I created a fifty word descriptive annotation. I also wrote a bibliography. Refers! The research I did is quran origins, found in efficient to the, the back of the book and can be used by students to do further research and write reports. Fact Checker and Bibliographic Consultant for a Manuscript on Inventors, October - December 2007.

This book covers a number of famous and not so famous inventors who changed the world. Elisha Graves Otis invented the elevator brake, which permitted skyscrapers to be built; Alfred Nobel was a wealthy industrialist, who invented dynamite; Robert Metcalfe is the rosa background, inventor of scale refers, Ethernet; Louis and Auguste Lumi?re invented a camera and projector system they named the Cin?matographe, which became the foundation for Equality: of the United Humans Laws Essay the film industry; Ray Kurzweil invented the Kurzweil Reading Machine, which reads printed materials to visually impaired people; Charles Goodyear's discovery of vulcanization made rubber strong enough to be used in the manufacture of automobile tires; Milton Bradley invented the Checkered Game of Life (later sold as the Game of Life) and launched an entire new range of board games; in 1976, Seymour Cray designed and built the CRAY-1, the world's first supercomputer; Douglas Engelbart owns the patent for the computer mouse; Art Fry, product development researcher at 3M, is the person responsible for refers to the Post-it Notes; pioneering automotive engineer, Henry Ford, was an inventor with many patents on Wilbur automotive components and was famous for creating the assembly line that revolutionized the efficient refers, auto industry and made cars cheap enough for the ordinary person; and Thomas Alva Edison was the inventor who held patents for background more than one thousand inventions. He is famous as the scale, inventor of the phonograph, the incandescent electric lamp, the first industrial research laboratory, and the motion-picture projector. I did a lot of research to quran origins, make sure my client had all the facts and dates correct. I also created the bibliography. Fact Checker for a Book on the National Parks of the United States, September - November 2007.

National parks are going through a transitional period and minimum refers to the, are faced with many problems. Rosa! Encroachment, pollution, animal control issues, the dilemma of dams, and the reality that drug cartels are using national parks to grow marijuana, putting visitors and park wardens in danger when they come upon these illegal operations. Interests of various indigenous groups were also covered in the book, along with problems associated with visitors to minimum efficient, parks. My job was to make sure all information was accurate, and in some cases, expand the scope of the subject matter. Acadia National Park, Everglades National Park, Glacier National Park, Rocky Mountain National Park, Grand Canyon National Park, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Alaska's Denali National Park and Preserve, Yellowstone National Park, and Richard, Yosemite National Park were covered in the book.

Researcher for a Series of Educational Booklets on the Amendments to the United States Constitution, September - October 2007. The members of the Constitutional Convention signed the United States Constitution on September 17, 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The members met because the states were very dissatisfied with the Articles of to the, Confederation and there was a need for a stronger centralized government to keep the quran origins, federation together. After months of debate and many compromises, the draft Constitution was presented to minimum scale refers, the states for acceptance. The Constitution was eventually ratified, establishing the new Federal government in 1789. It is no surprise that the Constitution would need to change as the country grew and Richard Essay, matured. An amendment process was built into the original document to facilitate these changes and make room for additions. The first ten amendments are collectively called the Bill of Rights. To date, there have been twenty-seven amendments to the US Constitution.

An overview of the Constitution, a look at the Bill of Rights, along with a number of the Amendments, were included in minimum efficient, my work. A Reflection Of Society! I then had to provide a number of modern examples that challenge some of the refers to the, Amendments. Some of the amendments I researched were the establishment of women's suffrage (Nineteenth Amendment), the abolishment of slavery (Thirteenth Amendment), the economics absolute advantage, prohibition of alcohol (Eighteenth Amendment), the repeal of scale refers, prohibition (Twenty-first Amendment), the right to keep and bear arms (Second Amendment), the granting of citizenship to and protecting the civil liberties of recently freed slaves (Fourteenth Amendment), and the right to vancouver style, have individual freedoms (the Fifth Amendment). The history and minimum scale, the events leading up to each amendment and background, the politics and personalities behind the changes to the United States Constitution are discussed. I wrote summarizations of the amendments, how and why they came about, and characterizations of the main players. I also included scenarios on how these historical occurrences affect us today. Science Researcher for Industry Canada, July - September 2007. I used the minimum efficient scale to the, Internet and academic databases to find examples of nano-bio-info convergent applications that are usually embedded in systems.

Converging technologies are applications having new and combined features derived from the intersection or combination of different enabling technology platforms. Convergence represents a new way of viewing cross and multi-disciplinary possibilities, and it will provide major recombination opportunities for business and entrepreneurs. It may also present unintended social consequences. Wilbur! A diverse private - public partnership, combining key organizations is required to explore the minimum refers, convergent landscape, the potential opportunities, as well as the unintended negative implications. Equality: United Nation's Humans Rights Laws! My client's primary need was to expand, deepen, and add new prospective applications to their present inventory in three areas: 1.) Energy Environment (EE), including energy production and distribution; energy end use and device efficiencies; environmental stewardship + toxicology; environmental monitoring + sensing; and bio-remediation. 2.) Water, Food and Bio- Products (WFB), including synthetic, bioengineered foods; industrial bio-products; bio-fuels, bioenergy systems optimization; food processing and packaging; and food and efficient scale refers to the, water freshness and preservation. 3.) Health and Life Sciences (HLS), including nano-bio pharma-drug design and delivery; bio-computation, nano-imaging for United of the Humans Laws Essay medicine; bio-nano materials for health devices; bio-nano diagnostic devices and arrays; and bio-nano-genetic medicine. The challenge was to identify, analyze, imagine, and speculate how these new technologies, their innovative functionalities, and public partnership-stewardship implications may affect a selected set of sectoral activities that are deemed critical for minimum efficient scale refers to the Canada's future. Here are a couple of the technologies and their applications that I was able to find: 1. Researchers at rosa parks background the ARC Centre for Functional Nanomaterials, University of New South Wales, Australia, are developing new coatings they hope will be used for self-cleaning surfaces in hospitals and the home.

Used on outdoor surfaces such as self-cleaning windows, titanium dioxide (TiO2) particles work by absorbing UV light below a certain wavelength, exciting electrons and giving the particles an oxidizing quality stronger than any commercial bleach. These nanoparticles kill microbes and break down organic compounds, and scale refers, water runs straight off surfaces coated with TiO2, washing as it goes. 2. Motorola Labs and Arizona State University (Tempe, Arizona) announced a key advancement in the use of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in quran origins, Field Effect Transistors (FETs) to sense biological and chemical agents at efficient scale refers low concentrations. Together, the research teams tuned SWNT-FETs to Richard Wilbur, sense specific agents by applying a peptide-functionalized polymer coating that does not affect their ability to transmit electrical signals. This developing sensor technology could be used to monitor a host of environmental and health issues, including air and minimum refers, water quality, industrial chemicals, and biological agents, especially in the area of homeland security. 3. Until now quantum dots have been known primarily for their ability to produce a dozen different distinct colors of light simply by Wilbur varying the size of the individual nanocrystals, a capability particularly suited to fluorescent labeling in biomedical applications.

But chemists at minimum scale refers to the Vanderbilt University discovered a way to make quantum dots spontaneously produce broad-spectrum white light. The report of their discovery, which happened by parks accident, appears in Quantum Dots that Produce White Light Could Be the Light Bulb's Successor. 4. The EU-funded BioFinger project is another interesting project. Minimum Efficient Scale! Its aim is to develop versatile, inexpensive, and easy-to-use diagnostic tools for health, environmental and other applications. The BioFinger device uses cantilevers on a disposable microchip, making it small and portable, and allowing it to be reconfigured with new on-chip cantilevers to detect different substances. The tip of the cantilever is coated with chemicals allowing it to bend and resonate when it binds specific molecules (such as those on the surface of bacteria). Vancouver Style! The analysis which can be performed anywhere, anytime, takes between 15 and minimum, 20 minutes. 5. Nano-scale sensors are in development that will monitor toxins and bacteria at all stages of food processing. This will help producers spot salmonella in chickens or e-coli in spinach, long before the products reach the shops. Self-monitoring food packaging will mature into economics advantage, technology like the nano-tongue.

Wired into minimum scale refers, your fridge, it will detect and warn you of a whole range of chemicals given off by rotting food, or the economics absolute advantage, presence of bacteria, and then clean them. 6. Efficient Scale Refers To The! The food industry is excited about sell-by dates and self-preserving food. Nano-coatings will make the lifespan of manufactured food even longer. Food manufacturers including Unilever and Nestle plan to use nano-encapsulation to improve shelf life and engineer taste sensations in fat-based foods like chocolates, ice creams, and spreads. 7. United United Nation's Laws! Development of minimum scale refers to the, nanotechnology for rapid detection of food pathogens, specifically, new rapid methods for detecting food pathogens will be developed using high sensitive Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) sensors based on nanostructured substrates. A new generation of nanotechnology companies is focused squarely on the water and food purity market, using nanoparticles that form chemical bonds with contaminants and don't let go. Quran Origins! Thiol-SAMMS, a powder, can suck up 60 percent of its own weight in mercury, arsenic, lead, and other metals, and is so absorbent that a single tablespoonful has the same surface area as a football field. Rice University researchers have demonstrated nanorust, microscopic particles of the refers, metal magnetite that bond to arsenic in water and United Equality: of the United Nation's Humans, can then be lifted out with an ordinary magnet. 8. Tiny magnets help drugs reach the spot. Inhaled drugs could soon be guided to the lungs by magnetic fields using a new technique developed by researchers in Germany.

The team performed computer simulations and experiments on mice to show that drugs mixed with tiny magnetic nanoparticles could be delivered to the lungs up to eight times more efficiently than if inhaled normally. Nanocarriers may not only minimum scale, be used for the administration of United of the Essay, drugs to the airways but also to deliver vaccines since the efficient scale to the, stimulation of a long lasting, protective immunity to Nation's Essay, respiratory viruses is often difficult to achieve with conventional respiratory vaccines. 9. Nanopatches are expected to make needles a thing of the past. The patch will contain very tiny projections (micro-nanoprojections) that when applied to minimum scale, the skin will deliver vaccine to the target cells below the surface. It's a revolutionary approach that will overcome several of the problems of existing vaccine delivery, including the need for Essay Literature: medical personnel to efficient, administer needles, the cost and logistics of storing and advantage, transporting vaccines, and minimum scale, hygienic needle use and disposal. All things considered, this technology will have a huge impact on the way vaccination programs are administered in third world countries with the potential to reach far greater numbers of people than under conventional needle technology. 10. Richard Wilbur! Tissue engineering and rejuvenation medicine using self-assembling nanostructures to create fully biological or biohybrid tissues and organs in vitro that can be safely implanted in the human body is also on the horizon. 11. Researchers are attempting to scale, develop more accurate and sensitive techniques to monitor cellular changes of cancer cells in both temporal and spatial domains using nanotechnology and are now working to miniaturize MEMS devices to rosa, the nanoscale. 12.

Magnetic nanoparticles heat up when a time-varying magnetic field is efficient to the, applied. This characteristic is used to burn away cancer cells (Hyperthermia), which can specifically destroy the desired target without deteriorating healthy surrounding tissue. Cancer cells are more sensitive to temperatures in excess of 41 degrees C than their normal counterparts. 13. Essay! Near-infrared light, which passes harmlessly through our cells, causes carbon nanotubes to minimum, heat up enough to destroy cells. The nanotubes can be placed only in quran origins, cancer cells by coating them with folate to attach to the numerous folate receptors on cancerous cells. 14. Magnetic nanoparticles for cell isolation where the attraction between an external magnet and minimum efficient, the MNPs enables separation of a wide variety of biological entities.

Examples are the isolation of cancer cells in blood samples or stem cells in bone marrow to allow for improved diagnosis and the removal of toxins from the human body. Furthermore, MNPs can be biologically activated to allow the uptake of cells via endocytotic pathways, thereby allowing certain cellular compartments to be specifically addressed. Once taken up, the desired cellular compartments can be magnetically isolated and accurately studied using proteomic analysis. United Equality: The Failures Of The United Humans! 15. Gold nanoshells for tumor detection: when injected into scale to the, the blood stream, they naturally congregate at tumor sites so that no additional targeting is necessary. In order to feed their growth, tumors create many, many blood vessels very quickly, so the Richard Wilbur, vessels are often defective, allowing the nanoshells to minimum efficient to the, slip through vascular leaks and gain access to quran origins, the tumor. Detecting and minimum to the, targeting tumors by exploiting their surrounding vascular defects is known as enhanced permeability and retention, or EPR effect. 16. Vancouver Style! Nanotechnology research tools to allow better understanding of cellular behavior, the difference between normal and abnormal cells, and communications between cells are currently being developed. These tools can measure energy metabolism, internal fluid flow, transportation of components, and the signaling pathways of efficient scale refers to the, cells.

Lifestyle Researcher and Consultant for absolute advantage an Upcoming Book on Ethical Living (NDA in Place), June - November 2007. My role in this project was to research topics for minimum scale to the a book that looks at the issues surrounding consumer life, including the clothes we buy, the food we eat, the products we buy for our homes, and Richard, how consumers can make realistic choices that are ethically motivated and minimum efficient scale to the, environmentally friendly. Researcher for an Education Resource Organization, May - June 2007. I used academic journals, websites, and books to find information on a wide variety of subjects, including great minds of ancient science and math, cultural holidays around the world, how to avoid plagiarism, landmark supreme court cases, and vancouver style, 19th century philosophers. This material was then used to write booklets for the K-12 education system. Researcher and Writer for an Online Legal Information Company, April - May 2007. I was employed to find information on a number of current topics making the news, including various types of food poisoning. I then wrote articles for each and had them published on my client's website. Historical Researcher for Enslow Publishers, March 2007.

Thomas L. Jennings, Patricia Era Bath, George Washington Carver, Lonnie G. Johnson, Percy Lavon Julian, Lewis Howard Latimer, Jan E. Matzeliger, Garrett A. Morgan, Madame C.J. Walker, and Granville T. Efficient Scale! Woods are some of the African-American inventors that appear in absolute, this book. My job was to use the Internet to find interesting information about these inventors. I then had to summarize each website and make a record for each to insert into minimum efficient refers to the, an online database. Before America abolished slavery in 1865, only free African-Americans were allowed to patent an invention. After the enactment of the U.S. Patent Act in 1790, there was some documentation of the works of African-American inventors, but that documentation is sketchy because the Patent Office usually didn't record or ask for the race of the inventor. Even after slavery was abolished, there were other obstacles facing African-American inventors. They didn't have the same access to Essay about A Reflection, education, apprenticeships, and training programs as whites.

Interacting with other inventors and being nurtured through mentorships was not for them. They also found it difficult to get funding to finance their research and development, and the money to market their inventions after they were patented was unavailable to them. Many gave up the rights to their work to get the financial backing they needed, so they never made any money from sales of their inventions. From 1910-1930, more than two million African-Americans migrated from the rural south to escape racism and prejudice. They arrived in minimum scale to the, northern cities to a new way of life, leaving the fields for Richard Wilbur better paying jobs in machine shops and factories where they were able to develop new technical skills and where they were exposed to a new mentality, one which brought out their inventive natures.

Thomas L. Minimum Efficient! Jennings was the first African-American to receive a patent. In 1821, he received a patent for a dry cleaning process that he invented. Researcher for a Web 2.0 Start-Up, March - May 2007. My job was to generate a number of reports that incorporated statistics, trends, revenue and business models, market numbers, and historical growth rates. I also researched articles that would help my clients have a deeper understanding of their customers and vancouver style, competitors.

Researcher for a UK Non-Profit Charitable Organization, March 2007. I was hired to assist in the research for a report on how information and communication technologies are changing the way voluntary and community organizations (VCOs) conduct their day to day business. Researcher for an Academic Library Consultant, March 2007. I worked with a consultant to efficient scale refers, develop a Library Disability Services Strategic Plan for a Seattle University Library. The goal was to conduct a formal strategic planning process to gauge the growth in service and to identify recommendations for improvements that would meet the future needs of students and faculty with disabilities to make sure they have access to independent learning. About! We created a series of surveys and questionnaires as our point of departure. An extensive literature review into best practices formed a large part of my work for this project. I also accessed disability plans for a number of comparable libraries to check on their policies. The demand for service continues to grow as libraries continue to struggle to minimum efficient scale refers to the, meet the demands of students with disabilities. Only a few years ago, students with disabilities had little choice when it came to technology that facilitated independent use of digitized information.

Things are changing and students have much better access to information technology and quran origins, have the ability to convert materials into minimum efficient scale to the, electronic text, which allows them to read more effectively and quickly. The following are some of the recommendations we made to the library committee: provide library spaces that are appropriate and safe; make informed staff available to students with disabilities; make certain that LDS study spaces are available whenever the library is open; require staff to vancouver style, undergo training in special software applications and equipment for the disabled; monitor developments in minimum efficient scale refers to the, IT for new technology that will level the academic playing field for students and faculty with disabilities; provide access to the extensive library collections; and supply well-equipped library workstations. Researcher and Writer for a London-based Author, February - March 2007. I was hired to research topical subjects of interest for HR professionals, including current trends, employment legislation, recruitment, HR networking, talent management, the implications of social media, and outsourcing. I also provided my client with a series of parks background, mini reports that I wrote for each topic. My client wanted me to find articles and reports that address the minimum to the, issue of attrition of bank checking accounts. Retail banks are currently having difficulties retaining checking account customers because of intense competition between banks for such customers. I was hired to get some hard data on the phenomenon. Factiva was invaluable for the project. Business Researcher, January 2007. I was hired to find information on best practices for fulfillment/retention of financial services sold via direct marketing.

The Direct Marketing Association was a very helpful resource for rosa this project. Business Researcher, January 2007. I used a series of questionnaires, surveys, and interviews to help my client's company become more successful and profitable. Minimum Efficient Scale To The! I also used government and public data, along with other financial statistics, to create a development strategy to move the business forward. Researcher and Annotator, January 2007.

My job was to vancouver style, read 200 articles in the area of human and organizational systems thinking and write an annotation for each. This work was done for a doctoral student. I also rewrote his comprehensive assessment paper. Knowledge Manager and Researcher for an International Insurance Group, January 2007. On a monthly basis, I identify information that relates to a particular sector of the insurance industry.

It is used as a foundational element in a strategic knowledge sharing system for a global operation. The research is shared with business units throughout the world. Refers! These are some of the subjects I regularly research for this corporation: Long Term Care Insurance, Marketing Insurance, Term Life Insurance, Life Insurance Distribution, Critical-illness Insurance, Policyholder Marketing, Insurance Overviews, Digital Marketing, Baby Boomer Market, Customer Retention and Loyalty in Bancassurance, Insurance Market Development, Green Bancassurance, Orphan Management, Distribution Models of Insurance and advantage, Financial Industries, Trends in scale, the Insurance Industry (US, Canada, Europe, Asia), High-Net-Worth Market, Multi-Channel Distribution, Insurance Products, Banks Selling Insurance, Annuitization, Cross Selling Insurance, Country Profiles and Research on New Countries, New Insurance Markets, Best Practices for Fulfillment or Retention for Financial Services Sold Via Direct Marketing, Direct Marketing, Competition: ACE, AEGON, Aetna, AIA, AIG, AON, AXA, Cigna, Middle-Market Insurance, Longevity Insurance, Whole Life Insurance, Insurance Regulations, Securitization, Simplified Issue Insurance Products, Universal Life, Insurance Research Studies, Orphan Policyholders, Insurance Conferences and Seminars, Best Practices in Direct Mail, Telemarketing, Ecommerce, Statement Based Marketing, Direct TV, Outsourcing Claims, Emerging Markets Insurance and Banks, Reinsurance Market, Reinsurance Companies, Insurance Companies/Brokers, Bank Market, Marketing, Ecommerce, Customer Retention, Compliance for Communication, Data Protection and Data Transfer Regulations in the European Union and Asiapacific, Creative for Direct Marketing, Professional Broking, Information Security, Voice Message Broadcasting, Mobile Banking and Payments, Private Placement Life Insurance (PPLI), Payment Protection Insurance (PPI), Professional Liability, Solvency II, Deregulation, Insurance/Bancassurance Lead Generation, Microfinance and Microinsurance, Bancassurance, Selling Insurance Online, Country Profiles and Research on Existing Countries, Industry Profiles, ULIPs, Attitudinal Data, Bluetooth Marketing, Insurance Direct Marketing, Scor, Trends in quran origins, the Bank and Bancassurance Market (Americas, EMEA, Asia Pacific), Accident Protector, Accidental Death Insurance, Disability Insurance, Senior Accidental Death, Income Protector, Credit (Card) Insurance, Serious Illness/Cancer, Call Monitoring and Speech Analytics, Corporate Marketing and Branding, Direct to Consumer Marketing (New Players/Trends in scale refers to the, the Direct Marketing Business), Takaful (Islamic) Insurance, Charity and of Society, Insurance, Direct Marketing Technology, Insurance-Linked Securities Market, Mobile Banking and Microinsurance, Mobile Insurance Payments, and Behavioural Targeting. Business Development and Researcher for scale refers to the an Internet Start-Up, December 2006. I was hired on quran origins an ongoing basis to identify and minimum efficient scale to the, match innovative business opportunities with my client's company vision. Competitive analysis, targeting potential new customer bases, and assessing target markets is included in my work. Ultimately, my role is to suggest possible new products and services, and brainstorm entirely new business markets and parks, models. Other duties see me analyzing the needs of efficient refers, key customers, monitoring progress, offering solutions, negotiating fees, and contracting new business for them. Researcher and Editor for a PhD Student, December 2006. My client had the task of writing a lengthy essay on an ethical dilemma in contemporary social work.

Ethical dilemmas present the decision-maker with competing perspectives which are of proportional or similar worth. In order to Essay about, focus the situation, you must state the dilemma in ethical terms. Scale To The! I was asked to find the appropriate information and supportive articles, and helped with structuring the essay and editing it. Photographic Researcher, December 2006. I was asked to find photographs and the names of those sitting on a number of Australian banking boards. Sports Researcher for absolute advantage MyReportLinks.com, November 2006. I was given the manuscripts for a number of efficient scale to the, Grade 7+ books on popular sports teams. Sensational sports teams such as those featured in this series, are teams that have success on background the field and are able to capture the imaginations of fans off the field. Each book tells the history of a team and highlights its top players, managers, and personalities that have made the efficient refers to the, team great.

I read the quran origins, manuscripts and then found thirty qualitative websites for each one. Besides the usual book format, the publisher also provides links in each of its books that relate to the topics covered. Choosing websites for school children is not as easy as some may think. There is a lot to keep in efficient to the, mind. The accuracy and currency of the content and parks, the credibility of the site's creators are the most important factors when assessing whether a site should be recommended for efficient refers to the students. Information that is parks, correct and minimum scale to the, up to date, with appropriate author's credentials; content that is serious and scholarly; information that is politically, religiously, or otherwise unbiased; sites that appear well maintained and updated; and those with correct spelling and grammar are good places to begin. Websites should meet the same stringent standards required of print products. A few other things to watch for are: is there advertising? How is the rosa, overall design and presentation of the site? Are there graphics or other features that take a long time to download? Do you need to have specialized software to access sections of the minimum efficient refers to the, site?

Do all the links work? Once I had found the links, I wrote an annotation for each one that summarized the contents. An online database was then used to Essay about, insert all bibliographic and value-added information for each site and uploaded to the company's server. The Los Angeles Dodgers, the New York Yankees, the Miami Heat, the minimum efficient scale, Cleveland Cavaliers, the Chicago Bulls, and advantage, the Pittsburgh Steelers were some of the minimum efficient, titles I did this work for. School children will use the research to learn more about their favorite athletes and what it takes to become a professional competitor. Designer and Project Manager for a Business Website, November 2006. I worked with an experienced web programmer and United Equality: The Failures of the United, designer to recreate an already existing ecommerce site, focusing on the newest digital marketing techniques to complement the client's business plan and target audience. The design incorporates intuitive user interfaces with logical and easy-to-use navigation elements that are accessible and usable to a wide variety of operating systems and technologies. Endangered Species Researcher and Writer for MyReportLinks.com, October - December 2006. Jaguars, whooping cranes, cheetahs, otters, rhinoceroses, grizzly bears, Florida panthers, giant pandas, mountain gorillas, wallabies, orangutans, and bighorn sheep were some of the animals I researched for this job.

Predators, competition for food, hunting, fire, loss of natural habitat, poaching, limited geographic range, pollution, use of animal parts in traditional Asian medicines, illegal trade, and the introduction of non-native animal species were some of the sub-topics I focused on. I then wrote profiles for each and minimum to the, provided other annotations. The information will be used as part of an online educational tool for students and will also appear in a series of books for the K-12 market. Researcher for a PhD Student, October 2006. This project involved me finding the newest and most cutting-edge information on running injuries, injuries in recreational adult fitness activities, and the etiology and background, prevention of sports injuries. Researcher for an Academic Librarian, September 2006. An academic library was considering opening a reference desk inside Second Life.

One of the librarians on minimum efficient refers to the the committee asked me to do some research on the avatar-driven virtual world, in preparation for a meeting. Quran Origins! I chose a hands-on approach to this research project by joining Second Life to learn about it instead of reading articles. Efficient Scale! Second Life is free to join and many of its activities are free. Others cost money and must be paid in Linden dollars, the economics advantage, official currency of the virtual world. If you want to own land, you have to pay a monthly fee. Businesses, corporations, banks, car manufacturers, clothing designers, tax professionals, politicians, embassies, hotel chains, real estate companies, non-profits, and entrepreneurs are using Second Life as a way to reach out to customers. The educational uses of this virtual world is also growing. For example, Stanford University's Humanities Lab has set up a museum dedicated to award-winning American artist and filmmaker, Lynn Hershman Leeson.

Universities, such as Harvard, Pepperdine, Elon, Ohio, Ball State, New York, Stanford, Delft University of Technology, and AFEKA Tel-Aviv Academic College of Engineering have opened cutting-edge virtual classrooms on Second Life. Many libraries have also established 'ask a librarian' reference desks. Researcher for an European Consultancy, September 2006. I was hired to help my clients develop a more coherent ecommerce strategy. Specifically, I had to look for scale refers to the information on life and Wilbur Essay, health insurance sales over the Internet (global scope); electronic policy delivery/fulfillment; email marketing of financial services; and the use of the Internet to support direct mail marketing or telemarketing campaigns. Once I had collected the information, I read everything and wrote a report. Researcher for an International Insurance Group, August - December 2006. Working with a web programmer, I helped design and create an application to store, categorize, and annotate digital information. I then did my research using academic journals, trade publications, magazines, newspapers, country reports, industry profiles, market research reports, and product reviews. This great tool allowed me to store the scale, articles and vancouver style, information I found for my client, create bibliographic profiles for each article, categorize by subject and country, write abstracts, add keywords, and minimum scale, make comments and vancouver style, notes. Business Plan Writer, Researcher, and Editor for a Pharmaceutical Start-Up (NDA in Place), August - September 2006.

This not-for-profit organization needed my assistance with researching and writing a business plan, one based on ideas from the field of social entrepreneurship. My clients are working on the release of an important, innovative, and controversial psychoactive substance that can be used to treat addiction to minimum efficient scale refers, opiates, methamphetamines, and of the United, other drugs. Scale To The! The medication displays anti-addictive properties, interrupting the symptoms of drug withdrawal syndrome and reduces drug cravings, which allows an addict to detoxify with minimal symptoms. I also worked on the problem statement. I added new information to try to explain in more detail what my client had in mind. I added hyperlinks and posted the business plan and other background information online for supporters and potential investors who might want to read more. To date, drug development has been largely confined to the RD-based pharmaceutical industry, which has grown into one of the Richard Wilbur Essay, most prosperous industrial sectors by focusing on the most lucrative medical markets. This reliance on market-based incentives and efficient to the, commercial actors to generate new medicines has transformed drugs into regular consumer goods.

The limitation of this system is that market forces skew drug development investments toward diseases and patients that guarantee the highest financial returns. Given that North America, Europe, and Japan account for 80% of the world's pharmaceutical market, the health needs of the majority of the world's population are being sidelined by the proprietary pharmaceutical industry. While publicly financed research institutions are involved in the early phases of research and drug discovery, the expertise, infrastructure, and management capacity for taking these findings through the drug development pipeline are almost entirely concentrated in the private commercial sector. United United Rights! While multi-million dollar investments fund research aimed at developing highly profitable drugs for prosperous markets, drug RD for minimum to the neglected diseases is stifled. Rosa Parks Background! That is why when Doctors Without Borders won the 1999 Nobel Peace Prize, it committed the prize money to the development of an alternative model for the research and development of new drugs for neglected diseases. As a result, seven organizations joined forces to minimum refers to the, establish the Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative (DNDi): the rosa, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation from Brazil, the Indian Council for Medical Research, the minimum scale, Kenya Medical Research Institute, the Ministry of Health of economics advantage, Malaysia France's Pasteur Institute, M?decins sans Fronti?res, and the UNDP/World Bank/WHO's Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, which acts as a permanent observer to the initiative. Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative (DNDi) is minimum scale refers, a collaborative, patients' needs-driven, non-profit drug research and development organization that is rosa, developing new treatments for malaria, visceral leishmaniasis (VL), sleeping sickness (Human African Trypanosomiasis), and efficient refers to the, Chagas disease. Government Documents Researcher and Writer for an Association of Curriculum Development, August 2006. Many school teachers have few opportunities to improve on their course preparation techniques and feel unqualified to teach particular subjects.

For example, surveys show that elementary school teachers feel they are more unprepared to teach math and rosa parks background, science than any other subjects. Helping K-12 educators enrich their understanding of the subjects they teach and mastering new teaching strategies results in more effective inspired teachers and greater progress for students. Teaching children about the United States federal government and how it is structured can also be challenging for educators. I was hired to do basic research on the Executive Branch, the minimum efficient scale to the, Legislative Branch, and the Judicial Branch, which interprets America's laws. I was then expected to package the information in such a way as to provide a step by step guide on how to more easily and interactively teach middle school students about the three branches of government.

Quizzes, games, and group activities were developed. Digital Photographic Consultant and vancouver style, Image Stylist for Online Store, July 2006. I received a large number of digital photos to be used for a gourmet food website. My job was to choose a selection that would best reflect the company brand and facilitate the building of an online retail environment that maximized customer experience and retention. Historical Researcher and minimum efficient scale refers to the, Writer for an Education Resource Organization, June - July 2006. I researched and developed a series of virtual education field trips and finding aids that focused on American historical events and sites. Gettysburg, the National Mall in Washington, DC, Martin Luther King, Jr's National Historic Site, and the John F. Kennedy National Historic Site were included in the project. Business Researcher for a Technology Start-Up, June 2006. Habbo Hotel, Second Life, Club Penguin, Nicktropolis, Neopets, Webkinz World, Whyville, and Wilbur, Disney Extreme Digital were the virtual worlds I was asked to research, focusing on refers to the when they were founded, how many users they have, their demographics, revenue models, terms and conditions, and their privacy policies.

I was asked to find the same information for social networking sites Bebo, del.icio.us, Facebook, Flickr, MySpace, Imbee, Piczo, and YouTube. Additionally, my clients were interesting in knowing which Second Life asset providers and creators were considered the top players in the field. Team-VIP, Player Auctions, Markee Dragon, Gaming Treasures, EyeOnMOGS, The Electric Sheep Company, Aimee Weber Studio, Accident Designs, and Anshe Chung Studios are some of them. Vancouver Style! Here is a little of minimum efficient, what I found out about some of the social networking sites. 1.) The Bebo site was founded in January 2005 and given a major relaunch in July of that year. It reports 30 million registered members, viewing over five billion monthly page views. Bebo is developing its business model around what it calls 'engagement marketing' where ads are spread virally around content. It has also announced plans for a platform that will allow users to choose the ads they receive. No revenue numbers are available. Product placement will be a crucial revenue stream.

It was announced that Orange has paid Bebo to provide its customers with an exclusive mobile version of its popular social network, at least for Nation's Humans Rights a while. The move follows a similar tie-up between Vodafone and MySpace, which was announced in February. Bebo also announced that it is introducing a music download service that will allow bands to sell music. The indie store service will be available to Bebo users in the UK, Ireland, US, Canada, Australia, and efficient refers, New Zealand. San Francisco-based social network Bebo recently raised $15 million from Benchmark Capital, and rejected a ?300 million ($552 million) acquisition offer from British Telecom Group in United Equality: of the Nation's Humans Laws Essay, 2006.

2.) Facebook launched in February of 2004. Efficient To The! It has 20 million active users. It is free to absolute advantage, use, but ad-driven. Revenue is estimated to minimum efficient scale refers, be $50,000,000 per year and is expected to generate revenue of more than $100 million this year. Facebook got its first major influx of money last summer when Microsoft guaranteed to pay approximately $200 million in ad revenue through 2008. Co-founder, Mark Zuckerberg has recently said that the ad contract had been extended through 2011. Vancouver Style! Facebook continues to look for new markets and is going beyond college and efficient scale to the, high school markets, now allowing new users from corporate networks to join the social network. Economics Absolute! Inside Facebook lists ten companies that are currently Facebook-enabled: Accenture, Amazon, Apple, EA, Gap, Intel, Intuit, Microsoft, Pepsi, and PricewaterhouseCoopers.

Zuckerberg, now 22, reportedly turned down a $750-$800 million offer from efficient scale refers to the, Viacom, holding out for $2 billion, according to news accounts. More recently, it was reported that he received an offer of close to $1 billion from Yahoo!, which he also turned down. Some analysts expect Zuckerberg will file for an IPO in the next two years, when Facebook is expected to be much more valuable. He will have time to build up its ad sales and create demand for vancouver style its stock before going public. 3.) Flickr was launched in 2004. There is a free version and also a paid subscription that costs $24.95 US per year. In March 2005, Yahoo! acquired Flickr. Financial terms were not disclosed. Sources believe that the acquisition price was anywhere from $17 to $35 million (cash and scale refers, stock deal), although most people in the know put it at $30 million.

Flickr reportedly has 7.2 million registered users and 23 million monthly unique visitors. This is parks, only an minimum efficient refers estimate since Yahoo! does not divulge revenue numbers. Co-founder and general manager, Stewart Butterfield, talks about Flickr's growth in size and quality, and its status as a Yahoo company: We don't break down revenues by property but I can definitely say we're happy with it. The core of the business is the premium subscription service, and economics, we do much better in minimum scale refers, that than we expected in the early days. Equality: Of The United Humans Rights Laws Essay! We're gradually starting to experiment more with branded advertising and refers, there's contextual advertising in the search. Over time, advertising will become a bigger component of the revenue picture. So people are definitely happy at Yahoo!.

There's never been any worries about United The Failures United Humans Rights Laws, Flickr's revenue and the long-term potential is excellent. 4.) The MySpace service was founded in July 2003. It has 100,000,000+ users and an average of 31.5 billion unique page views per month. It is free to use, but ad-driven. MySpace was bought by Rupert Murdoch in July 2005 for US$580 million.

Various analysts have called it the deal of the minimum, century because it is reportedly worth anywhere from vancouver style, $6-8 billion in the current market. In March 2007, Pali Research analyst, Richard Greenfield, wrote that MySpace is now generating in excess of $30 million a month in revenue, with about $24 million in minimum, domestic revenue and Essay about Literature: A Reflection, $6 million internationally. Google recently agreed to pay MySpace at least $900 million over three years to sell text and banner advertisements on its site. MySpace is gaining a strong footing in the mobile world. A recent deal with Cingular has resulted in scale, the sign-up of 200,000 MySpace mobile users. Really cashing in will mean reinventing the ad business for the social networking world. One way of getting rates up is to create customized ads. Richard Wilbur! 5.) YouTube was founded in February 2005 by three former employees of PayPal.

It is ad-driven and free to use. Before being bought by Google, YouTube reported that its business model was advertising-based. Some industry commentators have speculated that YouTube's running costs - specifically the bandwidth required - may be as high as US$1 million per month, fueling criticisms that the company never had a viable business model. Minimum Refers To The! The site was losing lots of money, had huge expenses, not much revenue, and no profits, but Google was interested anyway and acquired it for $1.65 billion in about, Google stock. Traffic was climbing and still is. Since the deal, YouTube's audience has grown forty percent and has more visitors than any other video website, many that you can't easily find watching TV. According to comScore Media Metrics, YouTube's 136 million monthly visitors made up about 18 percent of the world's Internet audience in efficient scale to the, January.

YouTube already has partnerships with NBC, CBS, Universal Music, Sony BMG and Warner Music. What it doesn't have a lot of is the kind of content that advertisers are interested in being associated with. In addition to selling banner and search ads, YouTube is quran origins, doing custom campaigns for major brands that cost about $750,000 a pop. YouTube is serving 100 million videos per minimum, day. Fact Checker for an Upcoming Book, June 2006. Fact checking involves verifying facts and checking quotes, dates, names, page numbers, addresses, spelling, titles, statistics, geographical locations, and citations for accuracy, relevancy, and legitimacy of content using reliable sources. I was hired to fact check a non-fiction book and do the work within a very tight schedule. Bibliographic Consultant, May - June 2006. I was hired by a major publishing house to assist copy editors and the project manager with the footnotes and bibliography for a non-fiction book. Vancouver Style! What sometimes happens when copy editors make their final tour through a book is scale refers to the, that the bibliographic citations get moved around and become attached to the wrong text.

My job was to vancouver style, iron out the minimum efficient scale refers to the, difficulties, check for the accuracy of each note, and to make sure that the proper format was used. I also compiled the bibliography for the book. Business Development Researcher (NDA in Place), May 2006. I was asked to research and identify appropriate Venture Capitalists and Angel Investors for Richard a business that is currently looking for capital. I was asked to efficient scale to the, find out the ownership structure of Scientific American Inc. They are publishers of the magazine Scientific American . I was also asked to obtain information on vancouver style the senior management at Scientific American and/or their Board of Directors. Scientific American is a private publication. Refers! Scientific American Inc. is a private division of parent company, Verlagsgruppe Georg von Holtzbrinck, in Germany, which is advantage, also privately owned. This was a challenging assignment and I used some specialized databases to find the information. Historical Researcher and Writer for MyReportLinks.com, April - May 2006. My duties included reading a number of manuscripts on famous inventors.

Henry Ford, Julius Robert Oppenheimer, Thomas Alva Edison, Philo T. Minimum Efficient Scale To The! Farnsworth, Louis Pasteur, Guglielmo Marconi, Nikola Tesla, and Johannes Gutenberg were included in the project. I used the Internet to quran origins, find quality information about the inventors and wrote a summary for each of the 240 websites. I then created a database record for minimum efficient each site and inserted them into an online database. Parks! The information will be made available to minimum efficient scale to the, school children who buy the vancouver style, book and used to write reports. I was asked to find out the top ten blogs and what business models they are using to make money.

Using Technorati as my primary source, I found that the top three blogs were engadget, boingboing, and TechCrunch. A large assortment of ads, sponsorship ads, RSS ads, membership in a larger network, and selling branded merchandise, formed the basis of the efficient scale refers to the, blogs' business models. Additional income streams used by other top blogs include: asking for donations, selling books based on of the Nation's Humans Laws blog content, affiliate programs, user subscriptions, paid job postings, and speaking and consulting fees. Business Researcher, April 2006. My job on this assignment was to find consultants and experts to become a part of the primary management team for a new company. Efficient Scale To The! I found software engineers, programmers, security experts, and communication technologists to join the team. Researcher for a Commercial and Residential Insurance Company, March 2006. Operating in thirty-five states, this insurance company needed my help to identify information relating to a potential new class of Richard, business for minimum refers them. Vancouver Style! Specifically, they were interested in finding out which insurance companies and brokers provide insurance to family/semi-commercial gentlemen horse farms in the United States, including those which offer stabling services and riding lessons. There is no central list or database that would have this information available.

Many insurance companies that write property and casualty insurance have a program that is generally called a farmowners policy. Efficient Refers To The! A farmowner's policy is Richard, similar to a traditional homeowner's policy with the addition of coverage for farm type exposures. It is possible horse farms could be written under such a program. Many of the larger insurers have farmowner's programs, such as Nationwide, Erie, Allstate and State Farm. In regards to brokers, there is no list of available markets for horse farms from the standpoint of surplus lines. Surplus lines policies are often available for specific types of risks that mainstream insurance companies will not write. Brokers are required to scale refers to the, file affidavits listing the Richard Essay, policies they write through surplus lines insurance companies, but they are not required to identify their markets. Most of the carriers are not willing to write policies for such farms. Some of the carriers that did provide coverage for farms were willing to pick up a limited amount of equine coverage but were not willing to, if there was any kind of business involved.

Besides doing exhaustive Internet searches with various keywords and phrases, I also sent out hundreds of emails to minimum scale to the, various associations to vancouver style, see what I could find out. Minimum Scale! A lot of people wrote me back and tried their best to be helpful. Of The United Nation's Essay! Many said that no one keeps track of which companies provide insurance for the kind of establishments my client was interested in. I wrote a variety of insurance libraries around the country, and all directed me to the Insurance Marketplace, International Directory of Excess, Surplus, Speciality Lines and Industry Services , 2006 Edition. A number of horse associations also told me that this publication is the best one to minimum refers, use for this type of information.

I wrote every state horse council, chapter, and association I could find to ask what companies their members use. Some of the organizations seemed to quran origins, have made arrangements with particular insurance companies so that their members were able to get better deals. I emailed every national horse association and council I could find, such as the refers to the, American Horse Council, the American Quarter Horse Association, and the United States Equestrian Federation to ask for suggestions. A few associations, such as the United States Equestrian Federation, told me that the association offers members insurance through specific companies. In their case, it is through Equisure. Quran Origins! I also wrote every state department and commissioner of the Insurance Information Institute to request the information. Many said that type of information was not collected. Others suggested specific companies to contact. I wrote every state association of the Independent Insurance Agents Brokers of minimum efficient scale refers, America, Inc..

I contacted every state representative connected to the National Association of Professional Insurance Agents to ask for their insight. United Equality: The Failures Of The United Rights Essay! I was told that kind of insurance is handled by excess and surplus lines companies. Through some of my reading, I noticed that there seems to scale, be an upward trend in country estate hobby farms, so one would assume that the economics, market for that type of insurance would be growing as well. Researcher for the Discovery Channel, March 2006. I was hired to do some initial research for an upcoming documentary on Tuvalu, an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean. Efficient Refers To The! The research centered on global warming, climatic changes, and quran origins, flooding. Project Manager for a Start-Up, February - December 2006. My main job for this client was to keep the minimum efficient scale refers, team on track, making sure that projects were completed on time, setting up meetings, helping with status reports, answering emails, and resolving issues in a timely manner. Researcher and Editor, February 2006. The subject of my research work was Memetics and its connection with terrorism and warfare.

My client was interested in writing a series of articles on the topic for a possible book. Rosa Parks! I then helped with the editing. Business Researcher, February 2006. I was asked to find a variety of information on a large number of popular massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs), including the number of users they have, the price of the games, their revenue models, terms and efficient scale refers to the, conditions of use, and privacy policies. Some of the games I researched were World of Warcraft, Vanguard: Saga of Heroes, City of Heroes, City of Villains, Lineage, Lineage 2, RF Online, Final Fantasy XI, Star Wars Galaxies, Dungeons and quran origins, Dragons, Eve Online, EverQuest II, Guild Wars, Maple Story, The Matrix Online, Mu Online, Rappelz Online, Dark Age of Camelot, RuneScape, Scions of minimum scale to the, Fate, Dofus, ArchLord, Hero Online, EverQuest, Ragnarok Online, Ultima Online, Toontown, and Asheron's Call. My client also requested the United of the Nation's Humans Rights Laws Essay, demographics for MMORPGs. The research shows that typical users of traditional MMORPGs are between the ages of 18 and 35. Numbers coming out of the Daedalus Project estimate that only 25% of MMORPG players are teenagers, and paints a picture of a very diverse demographic that is made up of retired people, college students, middle and high-school students, young professionals, and a large number of middle-aged married people.

More than 73% of the players have some college education. Analysts have projected that the total worldwide game industry revenue will increase to to the, $54.6 billion by 2009. Another part of advantage, my research was determining how many Power-Leveling companies there are and how the prices they charge vary by company, game, and service. IGE.com is one of the leading companies in the field, as are the MMORPG Exchange, Mogs, and PGMx. Science Technology Foresight Researcher for the Office of the National Science Advisor, January - March 2006. ONSA identified the requirement for, and the importance of developing a ST foresight strategy in order to better focus and improve Canada's future strategic preparedness for minimum scale refers to the new and rosa, emerging technologies that will impact Canada's future economic performance and its security of efficient scale refers to the, critical infrastructure. To this effect, I was hired to locate and assess reports on PACT applications, web references, and sources for experts.

I assisted ONSA in finding, documenting, and summarizing relevant research and applications reports on convergent technologies and compiled them into an accessible, organized format. I reviewed the current PACT documentation to ensure that new and additional information was the focus of the searches, and developed a framework for comparing and ordering the prospective applications to absolute, ensure that the information could be assigned or allocated according to minimum scale, broad sectors. My final report summarized the research so that it could be used in PACT events throughout the year. I created a template for foresight web searching and economics advantage, a thirty page guide on references, along with a methodological summary of which search references worked best and why. Minimum Efficient Scale! I also compiled a source list of all the reports that can be activated or linked to and inserted them into the PACT knowledge base. Government Documents Researcher and Writer for an Association of Curriculum Development, December 2005 - January 2006. Teaching specific subjects in the K-12 school system can be difficult and complicated, particularly to certain students. Differentiated instruction is used to overcome some of the problems by using a number of different instruction methods to facilitate learning. Equality: The Failures Of The United Laws! Continually questioning what works in the classroom and confronting the challenge of creating and using alternative approaches to learning is central to progressive education. For this job, I was expected to develop research modules on three independent government agencies: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Peace Corps. Health Researcher for a International Nutrition Company, December 2005.

My job was to supply research on a wide variety of ingredients found in a selection of vitamin and health supplement products. This really great job actually began in August 2004, when I helped the author with his pending proposal for the book. A year later we began putting the book together. Minimum Efficient! I did extensive original research, summarizing it into A Reflection, briefs for the author. I used a wide range of resources, finding appropriate information in magazines, newspapers, books, government documents, websites, and databases. I edited and critiqued the minimum refers to the, work in progress, and fact-checked the materials. I also compiled the endnotes (including formatting them into quran origins, the Chicago Style), references, sources, and created the efficient scale refers to the, bibliography. I later worked with copy editors to put the finishing touches on the book, checking the copy for readability, style, and agreement with editorial policy. I also helped with verifying facts, dates, and statistics. One of the most important parts of my job was to act as a sounding board, to tell my client the truth, offer support (because the process is quran origins, a difficult one), and keep the project on track. Minimum Scale! The author's intention in writing Privacy Lost: How Technology is Endangering Your Privacy was to explain the connection between technology and privacy and speculate a little on where things might be headed.

The premise of the book is that our privacy has become lost because of technology. Richard! Technology has changed our culture, how we communicate and scale refers to the, how we don't. It has affected our ability to control our personal information, who sees it, what they see, what they do with it. Our privacy is already lost, whether we know it or not. Whether we can find it again is still unclear. Throughout the book you'll find numerous stories and examples, culled from economics, newspapers, magazines and minimum scale, of course, the Internet.

Sure, privacy violations happen to celebrities, but more often it affects normal people, the ones who mistakenly think that the government or the law is protecting them. Richard Essay! This book is about this connection between technology and efficient scale, privacy. United Equality: The Failures United Nation's Laws Essay! It's not just written for privacy advocates or for minimum to the technologists. Rather, it's meant to be read by anyone who is vancouver style, disturbed about the growing amount of data available on them, about who's doing the collecting and what the collectors are going to do with all of our personal information. The subject of privacy is minimum refers, applicable to anyone concerned about the growing number of exceedingly well-publicized privacy violations and wondering about Equality: Laws Essay, how many more incidents haven't become public. It's hard not to notice the unending stream of news stories describing one egregious privacy violation after another: companies losing the financial information of millions of users; a Veteran's Affairs employee's laptop stolen along with the personal information of nearly every American who has ever served in the military; and minimum efficient refers, a Boston newspaper that wrapped papers in A Reflection of Society, printouts of minimum efficient scale refers, their customers' credit card numbers. They are all documented and discussed in this book. The stories alone are a testament to the effect of technology on our privacy. Researcher for a United States Law Firm, September - December 2005. My client is a class action attorney in need of some assistance finding information on a particular engine. Specifically, he was suing an automobile manufacturer.

The allegedly defective design of advantage, a specific engine component was at minimum scale to the issue. While the firm also hired expert engineers to consult with, as a preliminary effort, I was hired to find all available literature regarding this engine design and to Essay about Literature: A Reflection, tap into a vast literature of automobile design engineering literature. I searched for and evaluated relevant resources, schematic representations, and articles, then forwarded copies for review in an organized format. I also searched the Internet to find consumers talking about their problems with the engine and collected their contact information for a class action lawsuit. Researcher for refers a Busy Academic, September - November 2005. I was hired to act as a research assistant, finding timely articles on social work related issues. Contemporary psychotherapy, traumatized impact of child sexual abuse, perspectives on youth care programs, attachment theory, and the boundaries between physiotherapy and psychotherapy were just a few of the subjects I researched. Agoraphobia, chronic pain in primary health care, biopsychosocial rehabilitation programs, and multidisciplinary approaches to quran origins, the treatment of chronic pain were also scanned and refers to the, profiled. Researcher and Writer for a Technology Start-Up (NDA in Place), August - September 2005.

My work was assisting the company directors in preparing a PowerPoint business proposal deck by supplying the market research and preparing the templates and text. Business Plan Researcher and Editor for Start-Up, August 2005. I assisted in establishing contact with potential backers, allies, stakeholders, advisors, and partners, along with helping research appropriate materials for the plan, writing and editing the documents, and finding missing references. Without backers, advisors, or a team, most investors don't have enough information with which to judge the prospects of a company. I helped to assemble a serious upper level team. I also helped with development and strategy, and to create a coherent capital formation strategy for vancouver style successful seed-stage financing. Historical Researcher and Writer for an International Association for Learning, July - August 2005. I researched and developed American history information resources for topics that focused on political and cultural upheaval, revolution, and the American Indian Wars. The California Bear Flag Revolt, the minimum scale, Texas Fight for Independence, the Alamo, the Cherokee Trail of vancouver style, Tears, the Kansas Border War, and efficient scale, Custer's defeat at Little Bighorn were the main events that I covered in this project. Vancouver Style! The materials will be used as an accompaniment to online courses. Research Assistant for minimum scale refers an Educational Writer, June 2005.

Nutrition, weight management, and the causes of increased levels of obesity among children in the United States were a few of the research areas covered. Obesity and the need for weight management, risks of being overweight or obese, nutrition and your body weight, the food pyramid and portion sizes, metabolism, a road map to a healthy weight, diets, medications, surgery for weight loss, the digestive system, eating disorders in young people, and rosa, weight management for young people, were some of the specific research topics. To The! I did the research, found the academic articles, photocopied them, and sent them to the author. Philosophy Researcher for a PhD Candidate, June 2005. My research focused on investigating the rhetorical devices that Bentham used in his writings, and why those devices made his writing more or less persuasive. Historical Researcher and vancouver style, Writer for an International Association for Learning, April - June 2005. My work included researching, profiling, and writing about significant 19th century American historical events and people, including the California Gold Rush, the Transcontinental Railroad, the minimum efficient refers to the, Pony Express, the Equality: The Failures of the United Rights Laws, building of the Erie Canal, the Louisiana Purchase, Lewis and Clark, and the Oregon Trail.

The information was developed to use in the creation of alternative learning resources. I was hired to assist with the development of an information web portal specifically targeting Chief Medical Officers. The site is called CMO Exchange, a members-only, web-based portal meeting the unique information and resource needs of Chief Medical Officers and executives with comparable titles. CMO Exchange has been conceived and developed as a targeted information portal directed specifically and customized individually for the sole use of minimum efficient scale, Chief Medical Officers and Medical Directors. CMO Exchange is developed by World Congress, the producer of events that convene senior-level executives from all segments of the United The Failures of the United Humans Rights Laws Essay, health care industry. World Congress events include The World Health Care Congress, The World Health Care Innovations in Technology Congress and the World Congress Leadership Summit series. To The! My focus was to work with the project manager on the Custom Research area that allows members to request quality information on any topic they need, on a project-by-project basis, including business development, change management, best practices, and medical management resources and reports. I also developed an online request form for CMOs looking for in depth research. The online form requested the following information: definition of research needs in as much detail as possible, time frame to be searched, description of limits or restrictions, reason for needing this information (i.e. journal article, conference presentation, research backgrounder for a book, etc.), preferred format of results (formalized report, list of article citations, website addresses, etc.), specific goals of the research project, provision of keywords and significant terms, depth of quran origins, research required, and an overview of research already completed to efficient refers to the, avoid duplication. I also worked on a research project for them that examined best practices in the use of medical directors in case management: best practices of United The Failures United Nation's Rights Essay, how managed care organizations and medical management companies use medical directors to enhance clinical and cost savings outcomes in case management. Traditionally, case managers have only come to minimum, medical directors when they had a medical management coverage decision to make - a pretty typical utilization management function.

Case managers have otherwise functioned largely independently, helping to Literature:, coordinate care during and in efficient, the recovery from an about A Reflection of Society acute event. My client was interested in using his case management team to minimum efficient scale refers to the, drive more effective outcomes on a long term basis, engaging the case managers and medical directors in The Failures United Nation's Humans Rights Laws Essay, more discussion around the appropriateness of the care the minimum refers to the, member is receiving, not just the efficiency of its delivery. He was also interested in the roles other companies have medical directors play, the quran origins, structure of the interaction of scale, medical directors and nurses, and any best practices. Environmental Researcher and Writer for Enslow Publishers, February - May 2005. I was hired to absolute, investigate the key issues associated with the global endangerment of animals, including their predators, the competition for food, hunting, fire, the loss of natural habitat, poaching, limited geographic range, pollution, entanglement in efficient, fisher's nets, illegal trade, and the introduction of non-native animal species. The Sperm Whale, the Right Whale, the about Literature: of Society, Green Sea Turtle, the Gal?pagos Penguin, and scale, the Humpback Whale were some of the ocean creatures that I researched for this project. The deliverables were used in a series of educational books for middle school children. Researcher for an Upcoming Work of Fiction, February - April 2005. My client is writing a family saga that sweeps across time, generations, continents, and quran origins, cultures. My role was to assist in the research by making sure that historical references, geographical descriptions, cultural content, and other day-to-day nuances were accurate for the time and minimum refers, place.

Business Researcher, January 2005. I was asked to find information on a number of U.S. companies, including uncovering their ownership structure, internal infrastructure, bylaws, and articles of quran origins, incorporation. I consulted Infogroup's OneSource aggregator of scale to the, business information and Hoover's proprietary business information services to Essay about, do the research. Since some of the companies are private, OneSource provides only the bare bones of financial and analyst information for them. Private companies are not obligated to provide the minimum scale refers to the, detailed and regulated reporting that applies to public companies under SEC, OSC, etc. Also, if a company was incorporated in The Failures Nation's Humans Rights, Delaware, you can expect very little information because Delaware does not provide much detail from its state corporation records. Historical Researcher and Writer for an Academic Publisher, January 2005. I created online finding aids and cyber documents for the following: the seven wonders of the ancient world; seven wonders of the modern world; seven wonders of the natural world; and the seven natural wonders of North America. Scale To The! The seven wonders of the ancient world are the Great Pyramid of The Failures Humans Laws, Giza, the scale refers to the, Hanging Gardens of economics advantage, Babylon, the Temple of Artemis, the Statue of Zeus, the efficient refers, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the Colossus of Rhodes, and rosa parks, the Lighthouse (Pharos) of Alexandria. Five of the seven wonders were constructed or sculpted by the best Greek artists and architects of the time. Despite the differences in design, all provide proof of the advanced capabilities of ancient technologies.

1.) The only one of the ancient wonders that still exists is the Great Pyramid of Giza. It is the efficient, oldest of the ancient wonders and remains substantially intact. Constructed over a twenty year period concluding around 2550 BC, it is believed that the pyramid was built as a tomb for Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu. Standing at almost five hundred feet, the economics absolute advantage, Great Pyramid was said to be the tallest manmade structure in the world for efficient scale to the almost 4000 years. 2.) The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were designed around 600 BC as a present by King Nebuchadnezzar II to his wife, Amytis of Media, because she missed her mountainous and foliage-lush homeland. Essay About! In his Geographies , Strabo reports that the gardens were quadrangular in shape and were a series of arches and terraces.

The water was brought in by means of a chain pump from the nearby Euphrates River and would flow down the terraces spreading water to all the gardens. 3.) The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was a massive monument located near Ephesus, an ancient city that was located in what is now Turkey. It was built to honor the goddess of hunting, nature, and fertility. Minimum Refers To The! The temple was made of marble and had many bronze statues. Pliny said it took more than 120 years to build and was one of the largest temples ever built in ancient times. It was rebuilt several times over the centuries before its final destruction. The temple was burnt to the ground on July 21, 356 BC by Herostratus, a native Ephesian. The reconstructed temple was destroyed during a raid by the Goths in 262 AD. In 401, the temple was attacked by a Christian mob and its stones were carried off and used to build other structures.

4.) The Greek city of Olympia was home to vancouver style, the Statue of Zeus, an ivory and gold statue of the god. It was built by minimum refers to the Phidias, the vancouver style, famous Athenian sculptor, who was commissioned by the priesthood to design a chryselephantine statue of Zeus. It took twelve years to finish the almost forty foot high sculpture. The statue sat in minimum efficient refers, the inner chamber of the parks, Temple of Zeus at Olympia for minimum efficient to the approximately 800 years. There is background, a debate over what ultimately happened to the sculpture. Some scholars say that it was stolen, taken to Constantinople, and destroyed in 475 AD by fire. Others argue that it was destroyed in refers, the 5th century AD along with the temple. 5.) The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was a 135-foot high marble tomb conceived by Queen Artemisia, wife of Mausolus, who was the ruler of Richard Essay, Caria.

Some of the best artists and craftsmen of the time period helped build and decorate Mausolus' beautiful tomb. In Natural History , Pliny the Elder, reported that along the south and north sides it extends for a length of 63 feet, but it is minimum scale refers to the, shorter on the front side, the total length of the vancouver style, circuit being 440 feet; the tomb is 25 cubits high and is surrounded by 36 columns. Skopas did the carving on the east side, Bryaxis on the north, Timotheos on the south, and scale refers, Leochares on the west, but before they had completed the work the Queen died. They did not stop working, however, until it was complete. Essay About Literature: A Reflection Of Society! For above the pteron (peristyle) there is a pyramid which is equal in height to the lower part and tapers toward the efficient scale refers to the, top in pyramidal fashion with 24 steps; at the top there is a marble quadriga which Pytheus made.

With this added, the total height of the building comes to 140 feet. Richard Wilbur! The Mausoleum remained in good condition for sixteen centuries before an efficient refers earthquake damaged the roof and Wilbur Essay, the colonnade. In 1494, the Knights of St. John of Malta dismantled the tomb and used the stones to build a castle, which still stands today in Bodrum. Only the foundation remains at the original site, but several of the sculptures have survived and can be found at the British Museum in London. 6.) The Colossus of Rhodes is an ancient day Statue of Liberty. Located in the harbor of the Mediterranean island of Rhodes in efficient refers, Greece, the statue was believed to have stood guard against incoming ships. The construction of the 120 foot statue was finished around 282 BC and quran origins, was dedicated to the sun god, Helios. It was toppled by an earthquake in 226 BC.

7.) The Lighthouse of Alexandria, also known as the Pharos of Alexandria, was built between 280 and 247 BC on minimum efficient refers to the the island of Pharos off the coast of Alexandria, Egypt. Rosa! Its purpose was to guide sailors into the harbor. There was a mirror on top to reflect sunlight during the day and a fire would guide the sailors at minimum efficient to the night. The Lighthouse of Alexandria stood over four hundred feet high and maybe as high as four hundred and rosa parks background, fifty. Efficient Scale! Earthquakes damaged the lighthouse through the centuries, but it was said to be still partially standing when Mamluk Sultan of Egypt, Qaitbay, began to rosa, fortify Pharos Island by building a citadel as a defensive stronghold on the lighthouse's foundations in minimum refers, 1477. The construction lasted two years.

The seven wonders of the modern world are the Panama Canal, the Netherlands North Sea Protection Works, the Empire State Building, the Golden Gate Bridge, the CN Tower, the Itaipu Dam, and the Channel Tunnel. Each of these structures was so innovative that in 1994, the American Civil Engineering Society named them wonders of the modern world. According to parks, the organization, they are examples of modern society's ability to achieve the refers to the, unachievable, reach unreachable heights, and scorn the notion it can't be done. Quran Origins! The seven wonders of the natural world are Mount Everest, Nepal; Victoria Falls, Zambia/Zimbabwe; Grand Canyon, United States; the Great Barrier Reef, Australia; the Northern Lights; Paricutin Volcano, Mexico; and the Harbor of Rio de Janeiro. The tradition of listing the seven wonders of the world carries on today. Unlike the wonders of the ancient world, we can claim none of the glory for creating the wonders of the natural world. Nature carved these sites that we so admire. Over the course of millions of years, rivers flowed over their rocky beds, eroding the stone and minimum scale, carving waterfalls and canyons. Volcanoes and mountains rose up from the earth in reaction to movement far beneath the ground. Powerful forces of nature shaped the land we know today.

Finally, the seven natural wonders of North America are: on the east coast is the Florida Everglades, a subtropical wetland. Parks Background! On the west coast, California has two natural wonders: Glacier Point, in Yosemite Park, made of scale, solid granite, and the tallest living trees in the world can be found in the Redwood Forest. Alaska is home to vancouver style, Mount McKinley, the tallest mountain in North America. The Grand Canyon is another natural wonder and is located in Arizona. Minimum Refers To The! On a typical day, the Canyon can have a temperature difference of 50? between its floor and its highest rim. Canada and Richard Wilbur, New York share the natural wonder of the Niagara Falls, and the Mississippi River passes through ten states. These seven natural wonders are all different, but they share something in common. They are majestic works of art, shaped by minimum efficient scale refers natural forces. Researcher for a Book on Architecture, December 2004 - January 2005. Over the parks background, last three hundred years, the homes we live in efficient, have changed a great deal. Changes in the way we use space, advances in architecture, reduced family size, new materials, and technological innovations in the housing industry have transformed both our living spaces and us.

My job was to research the many transformations that have taken place in North American residential housing over the last three hundred years, including changes in lot size, square footage, number of rooms, and how heating and lighting changed the absolute, way we live and use our homes. My job also included predicting the future of housing. I used academic journals, databases, books, and the Internet to conduct my research. Business Researcher and Editor for a California Start-Up, December 2004. My client needed an experienced editor and minimum efficient refers, fact checker to make his business plan more clear, compelling, and concise for an Angel Investor. He also needed additional research and Essay, help with his references.

Researcher and Fact-Finder for a Prominent American Legal Team (NDA in Place), December 2004. I used academic databases, journals, print publications, and the Internet to conduct value-added research. Business Researcher for a Mexican Medical Consultancy (NDA in Place), November 2004. I was hired to find information on minimum scale to the the latest technological advancements in a number of related high-tech fields. Researcher and Writer for an Educational Enrichment Company, November 2004. My duties included reading educational manuscripts and researching related subject areas on the Internet. I then used the United The Failures of the Humans Rights Essay, websites I found to create a large number of records and put them into an online database. The information is used by school children to write reports and essays. Researcher for a Business Book, October - November 2004.

My work revolved around fact checking and gathering statistical information on minimum scale to the international business failure/survival rates and the truth about franchising. Science Researcher for Enslow Publishers, Inc., August - September 2004. For this project, I did research on vancouver style the planets (the Earth, the Moon, Mars, the Sun, Uranus, Jupiter, Pluto, and Saturn) in our solar system, their moons, asteroids, and comets. I compiled the information and created electronic K-12 educational resources. I also looked at important astronomers and astrophysicists throughout history and wrote summaries of their work. Researcher and minimum scale refers, Writer for a Book Proposal, August 2004. I assisted the author in organizing the sections of Richard Essay, his book proposal.

I researched additional facts, figures, and other information to incorporate into various sections of the document, including the market potential of the publication, promotional opportunities, and anticipated readership. I also edited the document and added large sections of text to add depth and more perspective to refers to the, the subject areas covered. Editor for United The Failures Nation's Humans Essay a Hong Kong University Research Proposal, August 2004. Writing research proposals for additional funding can be time-consuming and very stressful for academics. It takes more than a good idea to obtain a grant. My job was to help clarify the major themes and add additional sections to the proposal. Researcher and Writer for scale refers to the an International Non-Profit, August 2004.

I was hired to look at how the economic success of a country affects the philanthropy of its citizens, and rosa parks, how the politics surrounding debt forgiveness, the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative, the scale refers, IMF, and the World Bank puts many developing countries in a state of crisis. Health Researcher for economics advantage an American Nutrition and Health Start-Up, July - August 2004. I was hired to to the, research the health benefits of a wide variety of vitamins and minerals. The information was used as the documentation for nutritional software. Science Researcher and Writer for a Canadian Government Institute, July - August 2004. My job was to United Humans Rights Laws, find the latest research on drugs such as ecstacy and other party drugs, steroids, heroin, cocaine, crack, nicotine, marijuana, methamphetamine, amphetamines, nicotine and tobacco, and inhalants. After collating and analyzing the data, I developed a number of informational techbriefs.

Business Researcher and Fact Checker for Upcoming Business Book by Best-Selling American Authors (NDA in efficient scale refers to the, Place), April - July 2004. I used journals, monographs, and online resources for this soon-to-be-published book on how to get wealthy and stay that way. The thrust of my research was real estate related. Graphic Design for National Research Council of Canada, April - May 2004. The poster was designed to accompany a conference paper that was presented at the EU-US Scientific Seminar held in Seville, Spain, 13-14 May 2004. Parks! The poster was designed with Louis Atkinson. View a small version here. Historical Researcher and Writer for an Academic Publisher, March 2004. I was hired to do value-added research for efficient scale refers a series of books on ancient societies. Vancouver Style! Subject areas that I worked on were Ancient Rome, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Mesopotamia, the Ancient Inca Civilization, the Mayans, and the Persians.

Researcher, Writer, and Editor for a Tenure-Track Professor, March 2004. I rewrote and edited an article on scale to the Chinese Archaeology for my tenure-track client based on comments he received from the editor of an academic journal. Essay! I also had to do some research to fill in the blanks. The article was subsequently published. Efficient! In light of the relatively few articles highlighting Chinese archaeological websites and about Literature:, the issues surrounding them, the purpose of the minimum efficient scale refers, paper was to discuss some of the features and characteristics found on the Internet.

Good websites can provide readers with the latest information and also help point out trends in the development of Chinese archaeology. But what constitutes a good website? The ability to sift through the ever-increasing amounts of information made available online to find quality and accurate data is becoming more important every day. Using credibility, accuracy, reasonableness, support, and uniqueness as criteria for website evaluation, the authors analyzed five websites in an effort to determine the value and quality of the information. The article discusses the evaluation of websites dedicated to Chinese archaeology and also points to six main characters of online resources for the subject area. In addition, questions are raised concerning the extent to which online Chinese archaeological resources can advance general awareness of the The Failures Nation's Essay, field and contribute to a growing body of knowledge. Researcher and efficient scale refers to the, Writer for National Research Council of Canada (Planning and Assessment, Corporate Services Division), February - April 2004. I was hired to research and co-write a paper focusing on new strategic capabilities for Canada's science and technology (ST) institutions, foresight planning and activities, organization strategies, scenarios definition and elaboration, and The Failures of the United Nation's Laws, bio-health innovation and stewardship. The paper was presented at the EU-US Scientific Seminar, 13-14 May 2004 in Seville, Spain. Foresight planning is an innovative and provocative process, which produces strategic insights, especially for those willing to think outside traditional boxes.

Scenarios allow a better idea of the range of futures that are possible and shed light on the challenges, choices, and implications that exist. They can weave together past, present, and future elements and help develop new views of minimum efficient refers, science and technology, and rosa, then integrate them into a number of minimum efficient refers to the, imaginative stories to allow individuals and parks, groups to see things previously unnoticed or acquire new viewpoints on familiar situations. Foresight planning has enormous potential to advance innovation, while focusing on the required next steps and strategic investments needed to move toward preferred futures. Scenarios can be a powerful reminder of the importance and significance of long term policy work in a governmental setting, emphasizing the potential of strategic thinking, and enhancing one's preparation for multiple situations of prospective challenge and opportunity. In Canada, like many other places in the world, reaction to events is the order of the day, rather than proactive strategies and planning in scientific and technological thinking. We can no longer rely on minimum to the mental and analytical models that are getting shorter and shorter with each passing year. Organizations that participate in foresight activities can more easily overcome problems and create opportunities and responses that are robust, agile, and informed by vancouver style science and technology knowledge. By using knowledge, imagination, and creativity, we can invent a better future. Researcher for an Architectural Firm, February 2004. This research project involved finding information on residential and commercial building statistics for the North America market, along with data on the assessment of energy conservation measures, sustainable architecture, the environmental impact of buildings, and ecological land use.

Fact Checker, January 2004. My research included checking facts for an upcoming publication on international security and global cooperation. I learned a lot about international politics and the new technology being used to create a safer world. When considering global security in the 21st century, it is important to minimum efficient scale refers, not just understand what the threats are, but also find innovative solutions. Many countries face 21st century security threats but are using 20th century archetypes to combat them, even though traditional security doesn't work and brings about insecurity. Old-fashioned security models need to be put aside, especially since threats are no longer confined to the state versus state paradigm.

The global playing field is different now and old hierarchies have been replaced. Global cooperation is no longer defined as collaboration among states; it now involves individuals, corporations, NGOs, and other non-state actors. In this post-9/11 world, our old perceptions of safety and absolute advantage, complacency no longer work against an enemy who wants to undermine a way of life, leaving us vulnerable to attack. We need a better organized and full-proof system that will leave legitimate travelers and visitors feeling safer, more secure, relaxed, and welcomed, while minimizing security breaches and increasing the likelihood of scale, detecting and neutralizing organized threats. We need a safe and Wilbur, systematic process to verify identity and check credentials, but even more than that, we need a technological system that has the capacity to accurately predict both a person's present condition and future intentions by investigating facial expressions, brain activity, and involuntary mental clicks of recognition. With identity theft on the rise, and minimum, the prevalent use of false travel documents, the current system is particularly vulnerable to abuse. About Literature:! Implications for personal privacy were also covered. Project Manager and Small Business Researcher, December 2003 - January 2004. I managed an online technology project that focused on efficient refers using blogs in small businesses.

I helped choose the templates and worked with the tech person to quran origins, get the blogs online. I also designed the information architecture, and created categories and some initial posts on each one to get the content started. Minimum Scale To The! Businesses are beginning to understand that there are benefits to creating blogs and using them as corporate tools for The Failures of the Humans Rights sharing expertise and communicating with customers and potential customers. A business blog is a marketing tool that works for efficient refers you 24/7, and vancouver style, is probably the best tool available. They can also direct more traffic to company websites. Since blog software is easy to use and often free to use, it is a good choice for small businesses that don't have the budgets for minimum efficient scale refers to the expensive websites and designers. Business blogs also allow a company to interact more easily with their customers and connect with a target market on a more personal level.

The time spent in creating content for a business blog is an investment in the future of your business and worth every minute because it will increase your visibility in the search engines and attract new readers. United! Establishing credibility and increasing transparency, while generating inbound leads, are all good reasons why starting a business blog makes sense. Client and Market Researcher, December 2003. I identified business partners for a technology company interested in expanding its client base and growing the minimum refers, business internationally. Business Researcher, November - December 2003. I was hired to locate and collect information relating to the development of economics absolute advantage, a virtual intentional community of cooperation for a specialized group of international entrepreneurs. In particular, my clients were interested in scale, designing a virtual community that facilitates cooperation amongst entrepreneurs, a place where companies and individuals can access resources, and to make it easier to start successful business ventures that offer good ROI. For centuries, intentional communities have brought idealists together to Essay about, create a better world by sharing a common root value of cooperation, promoting dialogue, and sharing information and experiences with others on similar paths. As a long-time member of efficient scale, Howard Rheingold's private virtual community, Brainstorms, I have experience working in the field of virtual community development. Researcher for an Upcoming Book on Living a Quality Life, August - November 2003.

My role in this project was to help the author develop a list of subject areas to cover in Essay about Literature:, the manuscript. We decided upon 98 topics for minimum refers this encyclopedia of sorts (Qualipedia™). I then worked with a programmer to create an The Failures United Humans Rights Laws Essay online software tool that would eventually house the research information, separated into individual records with eight fields/areas of interest. For example, introduction to topic, purchasing, selection, maintenance, implications, tips, etc. I then began researching, using both print and electronic resources, and minimum refers to the, the Internet to do my work. We ended up with over 3000 research records, which the author will use to write her book. Editor for a Tenure-Track Professor, July 2003.

I edited my client's paper for Richard Essay acceptance into an academic journal. With my assistance, the paper was published. The paper provides tips for finding Chinese history journals on the Internet, and offers practical help to librarians and researchers building websites or electronic libraries for minimum efficient scale refers to the China studies. Researcher and Writer for Canada Health Infoway, a Canadian Government Agency, May - June 2003. My job was to Wilbur, find the scale refers to the, latest information on vancouver style international best practices and lessons learned for electronic health records, specifically for the United States, New Zealand, Australia, England, and the European Union.

I then used the review of the literature to write a report that will be made available through Canada Health Infoway. Editor and Researcher for a Tenure-Track Professor, April 2003. For this project, I developed and to the, conducted a survey for my client that investigated collection development practices for Chinese electronic resources in parks background, North American East Asian libraries. The survey was sent to minimum scale, all East Asian libraries in North America that have websites and electronic resources available on them. Essay Literature: A Reflection Of Society! I made the survey accessible through email and also created an online version. Minimum Refers To The! When I compiled the results, I used Excel to run the rosa parks, stats and make the graphs. Finally, I edited and rewrote parts of my client's article, incorporating the study results, which helped him to get it published. The paper examines electronic resources, including journals and databases for Chinese studies, collected in North American East Asian academic libraries. A small survey of 26 East Asian academic libraries in North America was conducted in minimum efficient scale to the, May 2003 in order to learn more about collection development practices and accessibility issues for Chinese electronic resources. Based on an eight question survey, 57 per cent of the responding libraries have collection development policies for their electronic resources, 36 per cent do not while 7 per cent were unsure.

Budget constraints, time constraints, lack of technical support, lack of training, and Chinese/English computer operating system incompatibilities were given as the quran origins, top five constraints in the collection of Chinese electronic resources and providing access to them. Researcher for Rheingold Associates, March - May 2003. Our team worked with a major Internet player to test the efficacy of its search engine. The first phase involved testing a search product and required me to spend several hours a week for a couple weeks trying the product. The second part required me to provide feedback and to participate in private online discussions with the company's team and scale refers, other RAers.

The final requirement was that I sketch out a user case study from my experience as a professional researcher using the tool. Professional researchers utilize the Internet for many aspects of their work. For instance, they could be hired to advantage, search for links to Canadian educational resources for a government portal, or newspaper articles about recent fires caused by unattended cooking. For other projects, researchers search for papers, electronic journals, and conference proceedings, to use as resources for the writing of literature reviews, white papers, annotated bibliographies, books, etc. Efficient Scale To The! They need powerful tools to do the job, tools that allow them to work quickly and smartly. Parks Background! This new search tool would be a great addition to efficient scale, any researcher's toolkit. The ability to exclude terms and fine-tune searches are extremely powerful tools for a researcher because as the Internet gets larger, there is more and more available to sift through in order to find the appropriate information for a client. The search tool saves time and can help build stronger search strings by Humans Rights Laws Essay allowing the up-front search power of exclusion/inclusion to do a lot of the minimum efficient refers to the, work for quran origins you at the outset. I re-did some of minimum refers to the, my searches associated with an NDA project that I had recently completed using it and Essay A Reflection, was amazed at minimum efficient scale to the the direction I was taken by the terms in the Fine Tuning section of the tool, terms that I had not thought of using until much later in my search were included in its exclusion/inclusion list. Not only is a researcher able to exclude or not exclude and therefore, include terms provided, it allows the user the opportunity to further the about Literature:, fine-tuning process by allowing the minimum, addition of information through the economics absolute advantage, Choosing Interests section. One thing to keep in mind, is minimum scale, that many types of researchers are often asked to find information they have no previous knowledge of, so any extra direction at rosa the outset of a search cycle is critical for efficient success.

By analyzing the terms provided in the Fine Tuning section of the search tool, a researcher could easily build a more appropriate search string and add those additional areas of interest for their subject area to the Choosing Interests section. It is this multi-step process of exclusion/inclusion, wherein we find the tool's greatest strengths for Richard researchers. Refers! There is also power found in economics absolute, the provision of the Personalize options, where a choice of fonts and colours can be made. For someone who may have to spend fourteen hours a day searching through pages of Internet links, having the ability to control the display of the minimum efficient scale, information is vancouver style, essential and can prevent headaches and refers, eye strain. In addition, the Richard Wilbur Essay, ability to minimum efficient refers to the, search more than one phrase is also uncommon among search engines, and is therefore, both very useful and powerful. Internet Researcher for Elike Solutions (NDA in Place), March - May 2003. I worked with my client and his PR person to Richard Wilbur, put together information packages for minimum efficient scale refers to the shows such as 60 Minutes . What we needed was to find specific families/individuals who had suffered from unattended cooking fires. Our focus was on five major local media markets nationwide: New York, Boston, DC, Chicago, and Los Angeles.

These stories were then packaged for the media as a tie into a patented consumer device. Some of the problems I encountered were that newspapers like to sell their articles, so most are not indexed by Google; newspapers have very poor archives or very inadequate search engines; newspapers will give you a headline but would like you to pay $2.95 or more per quran origins, article; many articles about fires do not include names; and many locations, besides the ones my client really wanted, were included in the final report because I couldn't always find articles from the minimum scale to the, regions my client wanted. Researcher and Cybrarian for Canada Health Infoway, a Canadian Government Agency, March - April 2003. I was part of the team that created the quran origins, knowledge portals for Infoway's intranets and scale, website. Specifically, it was my responsibility to find every website, listserv, newsfeed, PDF document, report, and digital resource that was specifically related to electronic health records.

First priority was given to Canadian sites in both (or either) French or English, followed by international sites in either French or English. I was not expected to conduct literature searches on the topic. Economics Absolute! The Infoway team was looking for minimum efficient scale refers to the 1.) as comprehensive a search as possible given the time constraints 2.) quality information. A Reflection Of Society! Every resource was then entered into efficient scale, a multi-field database and an annotation was written for vancouver style each one. Feedback and search results were sent to the KM team in Montreal on a regular basis. Project Manager and Moderator for a National Research Council of Canada Internet Workshop, January - February 2003. I worked with the minimum scale, Canadian Science and Technology Foresight Pilot Project (STFPP) team to develop, implement, and host a week-long virtual workshop/conference to elaborate and develop the initial findings from parks, a series of onsite workshops and technical panels that were held in the fall of 2002. The online workshop's purpose was to enable all the participants, as well as a selected group of additional experts and generalists who were not able to efficient to the, be involved in the fall events, to consider the findings that were summarized into two reports and to help develop the information further in preparation for United Equality: The Failures United Humans Rights Laws Essay the scenarios work to be done by the project team in March 2003. The workshop was deemed to be a critical element of the iteration of observations and results from the fall events of 2002. I worked with the project leaders to organize and minimum scale refers, plan the virtual conference.

My work also included helping to write the email invitations; contact all guests and provide them with their registration information; set up the conference, which used conferencing software called Caucus; help the team develop the workshop itinerary; work with a graphic designer to create the workshop graphics; host the event; was present at the conference, checking in at rosa least twelve hours a day to greet the participants and be available for help questions; help those with problems; and format posts, especially long posts that needed HTML tags inserted to facilitate reading. Scale Refers To The! I also made sure the Wilbur Essay, client got a CD-burned copy of the event. Great project! Internet Researcher for a Virginian Company, January - February 2003. My job was to search newspaper databases, the Internet, Google News, and LexisNexis for articles that my client was interested in reading. I then used online resources, such as telephone directories, reverse look-up, tax assessor data, and real estate property report databases to locate various people. Internet Researcher for an International Insurance Group, December 2002. The research I did was needed as value-added information for a business plan for a proposed international insurance venture start-up that plans to specialize in large-scale property insurance. Minimum Efficient! I had to rosa parks, identify all cities in North America, South America, and Western Europe with commercial office buildings in excess of scale refers to the, 50 stories or with 3,000,000 rentable square feet. Search Engine Optimization, November 2002. I helped a dentist from Los Angeles to rank higher in Wilbur Essay, web searches for California cosmetic dentistry and TMJ/migraine/headache dentistry.

I did this by using a multi-pronged approach to search engine optimization. Website Design and Database Integration, August - November 2002. I worked with Higher Mind Productions to minimum efficient refers, help design Smart Mobs, the companion website and blog for parks Howard Rheingold's new book. I also created individual database records for each of the 1000 citations in the online bibliography so that it would act as a mirror for minimum to the the book's bibliography. Note: although the economics absolute advantage, site we did is no longer online, here is a screenshot of our design. Client and Market Researcher, August - October 2002. I was successful in finding funding opportunities for my client, an international non-governmental organization. In the initial stages of this complex project, I was given 962 printed survey documents, many of which were three feet wide and minimum efficient refers to the, six feet long scrolls. My first task was to Essay about of Society, digitize the huge amount of information that was found on each one.

In many cases, I chose to use an efficient scale refers industrial/architectural-sized scanner to create high-resolution scans and Equality: The Failures of the United Nation's Humans Laws, then OCRed the minimum efficient to the, data myself. I think it was the best solution, especially since I was working under a pretty demanding deadline. Quran Origins! I then inputted all of the data into two separate Excel spreadsheets using assigned categories and additional ones that I developed. I read all of the survey answers and scale refers to the, then made an intellectual decision as to which assigned category each of the answers best fell into. I basically summarized open-ended answers/thoughts into pre-assigned categories. Of course, accuracy and consistency were very important, especially for running the Richard Wilbur Essay, quantitative stats (pivot tables and crosstabs) later.

I also created two separate Word files to hold almost 900 long answers for the qualitative data that helped draw a portrait of minimum efficient scale refers to the, what the about Literature:, respondents thought. We were looking for themes, sub-themes, and patterns in their words. Efficient Scale! In addition, some online research and email correspondence was needed to complete the project. Here are some of the questions the reference librarians were asked in the survey: are you paid to read?, has current awareness helped you to provide reference service?, has television and radio helped you to answer reference queries?, do you watch TV news shows?, and do you read print papers and Richard Wilbur, magazines on own time? The survey covered both academic reference librarians and public library reference personnel in the United States and Canada, asking them about their reading habits.

We were interested in the extent to efficient, which librarians read newspapers, periodicals, fiction and non-fiction, and asked them to recount stories about how reading has made them better librarians. A lot of work, but a very exciting, and fulfilling project. I helped my client with photographic research for a large-scale government mural contract in Camden, New Jersey. Vancouver Style! I took advantage of minimum scale refers, New Jersey's digital image collections and Camden's historical societies' online photographic archives to do my research for this floodwall mural project. I then created an online tool that allowed my client to view and vancouver style, download the images. He used the minimum scale, photographs as a point of departure for his painting. Researcher for economics advantage a Vermont company, March 2002. For this contract, I did market research for a firm that specializes in mediating and minimum scale to the, resolving architectural and construction legal disputes. I also did some preliminary search engine optimization for them, including the creation of meta tags and title tags. Researcher for Elike Solutions, February - March 2002. My research work for this job was associated with a patent that will help to prevent kitchen fires from even starting.

My client was interested in identifying victims of fires that were caused by unattended cooking. He needed recent (within the last two years) victims of Essay, fires from the Washington DC area, Virginia suburbs (Arlington, Alexandria, Fairfax), Maryland suburbs (Montgomery County, Prince Georges County, Bethesda, Silver Spring), or as close as possible to refers to the, DC. Anywhere in Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York was acceptable. I was asked to find newspaper articles and press accounts, with the names, addresses or other identifying information of victims so that a Product Liability lawyer could work with them to obtain compensatory damages from stove and range manufacturers. Researcher for an Information Science Study on Deselection Policies in Libraries, January - April 2002. This project set out to uncover what policies libraries follow when weeding (deselecting books), how they do it, if there are complaints, what the Richard Essay, librarians think of weeding, and if they have ever saved any books that were to be weeded out of the library system. Scale Refers! My first task was to take 300 multi-page paper surveys that consisted of open-ended questions and transfer them to digital format. I used a scanner and OCR software to do it. In total, there were nineteen questions covering every aspect of weeding.

I then entered all data into nineteen separate Word files, a file for each of the of the Nation's Humans Laws, survey questions. Librarians gave many different answers to minimum scale refers to the, all of the questions, so I had to Richard Wilbur, analyze them to generate enough categories to fit each answer into. Minimum Efficient Scale! For instance, when looking at the answers for 'reasons for weeding' I came up with the following categories: accuracy, condition, space, circulation, duplicates, vital resource, age, superseded editions, scope, and alternative form. For 'what is A Reflection of Society, done with weeded books' I used the categories of sell, trash, recycle, donate, give to other libraries, and put into storage. Not all the answers fit perfectly into the categories, but it was important to generate meaningful stats from the data. Each set of efficient scale to the, answers were analyzed and categories were chosen for each one. I then created Excel graphs with the information from the reports. I was also asked to pick out the most interesting responses for each of the United Equality: of the United Rights, nineteen questions, so the author could highlight them in his final write-up. The top three reasons librarians gave for deselecting books were accuracy of the information, the condition of the efficient scale refers to the, books, and space restrictions. In answer to what is done with the weeded books, the top three answers were sell them, throw them away, and donate the books.

One thing that kept coming to my mind during this project was how book jobbers and standing orders, etc. affect deselection in economics absolute advantage, the long run. Are the efficient, best books chosen to begin with? It takes a very intuitive smart person to set up those types of contracts correctly. I wonder how often they use reviews in the process. I believe one library director had weeding built into the review process, which forced the librarians to do more. Overall, there seemed to parks, be some lack of understanding that weeding is an essential component for a circulating public library. Minimum Efficient Refers To The! In part, that might be blamed on library school programs that barely touch upon this aspect of collection management. In addition, some of the librarians seem to lack any knowledge of what their library's mission is. They see libraries as historical archives and believe they should hang onto vancouver style, every book ever purchased. As the pre-eminent futurist Paul Saffo has pointed out, libraries were originally created in an era of scarce information . Minimum Efficient Refers! librarians were sort of mad information hoarders, who were hoarding in the public interest.

Not so anymore, the days when libraries could collect everything just in absolute advantage, case are over. There is an increased necessity for librarians to visualize a rebirth that emphasizes a library connected to a network of electronic information and to other libraries that can offer them interlibrary loan services for their clients. I guess the striking thing for me is the scale to the, difference in philosophy amongst the librarians. Some are very concerned that the Essay, patrons receive misinformation by reading dated materials, especially scientific, medical and legal, while others say they weed to make space for new books. Other librarians do admit to weeding when crowding is an issue, but that is not a norm. For example, they wouldn't just weed out books that didn't meet the scale, criteria just to make more room. That is good. Many librarians are reluctant to weed. They have a problem with the process for many reasons, including the United Equality: of the Humans Rights Laws, worry attached to what patrons will say about getting rid of books that were bought with tax payers money, and not having the resources available to replace the items they weed, thus, leaving holes in the collection. Some libraries get around this by weeding as new books come in, so the process is seamless and there are no complaints by minimum scale refers the public.

Librarians also fear they will make a mistake or weed books that other librarians or members of staff feel should remain in about A Reflection, the system. Many believe books should be given 'second chances' and marketed better since they were placed too high or too low on the shelves and the public just couldn't find them or notice them as they made their way through the scale to the, stacks. They remember how much the books cost and really think it is rosa parks background, better to minimum efficient refers, give the books another round in the circulation process before the items go out the door, never to return. Vancouver Style! They don't think they have the expertise to do a good job and are overwhelmed by other duties. Many of them just don't want to weed because it takes so much time. From reading the survey answers, it seemed that some librarians use this as an excuse - they say they don't like the concept, but it might be because they just don't have the minimum refers to the, time to do it properly.

I think some of the Literature:, best library directors interviewed recognize that the reluctance is based on ignorance. Minimum Efficient Scale Refers To The! Librarians just don't realize how important weeding is to the management of the collection and to the satisfaction of the patrons. One of the main factors cited is the trouble associated with getting rid of the quran origins, books. They feel their hands are tied when it comes to disposing of the materials. They have no real space to efficient, put the books when they come out rosa, of the collection, but must find room since the main avenue for disposal is the Friends of the Library sales, which only occur once or twice a year. It seems like a very frustrating process for them because besides the time it takes to actually find the books that need to come out of the collection and making sure the materials meet the criteria to be weeded, they run up against opposition with other staff members disagreeing on their choices; members of the public looking for books they miss; finding room to store the books for the sales; worrying that the funds won't be available to replace the information that is scale to the, lost by weeding; and the problems associated with what to do with the books that do not sell. There seems to be so much red tape involved that you can hardly blame them for of the United Nation's Humans Rights Laws Essay thinking that weeding is a big problem, which some of them are unequipped to deal with. Even when they put the minimum efficient scale refers to the, leftovers in the dumpsters, they have members of the public complaining about the waste of government money and even those who will drag the Equality: United Nation's, books out of the garbage and demand they be put back in refers, the collection.

They would like to have more options when it comes to disposing of Richard Essay, books that don't sell, but are hesitant about sending non-fiction books to to the, schools that may be filled with misinformation. Researcher, Survey Designer, and Project Manager for a Study on Multi-Cultural Library Services, January - March 2002. This research study is being used as a vehicle to find out rosa parks background, how major public library systems in Canada purchase materials for their ethnic populations. Diverse communities need diverse types of materials in their public libraries, not just what has traditionally been available. Scale Refers! Is the changing face of the Canadian population reflected in background, public libraries by incorporating the library and scale refers to the, information needs of a diverse community of public library patrons? Are libraries committed to diversity through management decision-making, by educating staff of the needs of changing communities, and by diversifying staff so that the United Nation's Humans Rights, communities' ethnic populations are represented by library employees? My part: I searched for and read a couple of hundred public library collection development policies. Scale Refers To The! I then worked with my client and Nation's Rights Essay, the original concept he had for the study, to generate a series of questions for efficient refers to the the survey. Essay About Of Society! I placed them into ten separate categories. Efficient Scale To The! Working with a web programmer, I helped to design and create an online survey, a nation-wide survey of public libraries of all sizes, including branches.

A sample of the survey questions can be read here. Almost all questions could be answered using drop-down menus and clickable multiple-choice answer boxes. I then did an Internet search for appropriate listservs where I could post the survey. A summary of the project and the web address to Equality: The Failures of the United Humans Rights Laws, the survey were uploaded. The survey was also emailed to over 1600 Canadian public librarians. Results/answers were emailed to me. I used Excel for the data entry and to run the statistics. I also did a partial literature review for the project. Project Manager and Researcher for an Academic Research Project on Email Reference, January - March 2002.

This research project was developed to refers to the, find out the condition of email reference service in Canadian public libraries. With more and more libraries offering to answer questions electronically, the vancouver style, researchers were interested in studying the scale to the, timeliness and correctness of the answers supplied by The Failures Humans Laws Essay librarians, and scale to the, the overall effectiveness of vancouver style, digital reference desks. This study was originally undertaken in 1999 and was repeated for minimum efficient scale comparison purposes. I helped develop the reference questions, sent the The Failures of the Nation's Rights Laws, emails, corresponded with the minimum efficient, librarians, compiled the answers, and ran the Essay about of Society, stats, also generating graphs. Designer, Content Researcher, and Writer for a Corporate Website, December 2001 - January 2002. I designed the website and developed the minimum efficient refers, information architecture. I then did a lot of research into what types of content should appear on the website and wrote the copy. Client and Market Researcher for Higher Mind Productions, October 2001 - January 2002.

On this project, it was my job to identify corporations and individuals that might need the various services my client offered. I also made the initial contact, wrote proposals, negotiated fees, and managed projects. Project Manager for the Redesign and The Failures Nation's Laws, Enhancement of the minimum efficient to the, International Association of Aquatic and Marine Science Libraries and Information Center's Website, July - October 2001. This project began for me in January of 2001 when I identified the international association as a possible client for my employer. Three months later, I wrote the proposal that won the company the contract for the redesign. I came onboard as project manager, working with the web committee to establish milestones, keeping everything on track, and acting as the main contact person. Later in the project, additional roles for me were content checker, quality controller, and researcher for the public domain images used on vancouver style the site. Efficient Scale Refers! I had a contract to maintain the site, edit the content, and upload new information until 2004.

Market Researcher and Essay about, Event Organizer (NDA in Place), June 2001. My role was to locate a large number of people who might like to attend a seminar on efficient refers learning how to create targeted resumes. The seminars took place across the parks, United States and were developed to teach job searchers how to minimum scale, focus on their desired position; how to spotlight their skills and experience; how to create a highly focused format for Essay of Society their resumes; how to ensure that their resume rises to the top of the stack; how to catch the attention of headhunters, corporate recruiters, hiring managers; how to analyze their skills and experience; how to impress the hiring manager; figure out if their dream job is realistic for them; and the secret of getting past the screeners. Professional consulting services were also made available to enrollees at discounted prices. My job was to efficient scale, locate the contact information for United The Failures of the Humans Laws product managers or product marketing managers working for companies located in New York City and minimum refers, the immediate vicinity. Quran Origins! These companies had to sell products in the knowledge management, library/information science, information retrieval, computational linguistics or natural language processing fields. Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution is a book that details how the rise of pervasive mobile communications combined with always-on Internet connections produces new kinds of ad-hoc social groups.

Smart mobs emerge when social networks use mobile communication devices, pervasive computation, peer to peer, and reputation management methodologies to coordinate collective action - political, social, economic. This great job began in April 2001. One of my first assignments was to help design an online database that would meet our research requirements and find a host that was cost-effective, allowing more than one person to work at the same time. The database has really been successful and presently contains almost 1000 records, complete with bibliographic information, thesis statements, quotes, and minimum scale to the, notes. My work also included finding interesting and knowledgeable people from all over The Failures United Humans Rights the world, who are doing work in various fields and contacting them to set up interviews. To date, we have met with people in Canada, Seattle, New York, Boston, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Stockholm, London, Helsinki, Surrey, Palo Alto, San Jose, Tokyo, and scale refers, Amsterdam. Essay Of Society! I also did original research, summarized our research materials, compiled sources, wrote, fact-checked, formatted Word files for minimum efficient to the the publisher, and created tables of parks background, content and endnotes (including formatting them into minimum efficient, the Chicago Style). In addition, I edited and critiqued the work in progress, and made the bibliography. Project Manager and Researcher for an Upcoming Book on Third-World NGOs (University of about, Toronto), March - May 2001.

There has been a steady growth in the number of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other civil society movements and coalitions in the last decade of the 20th century and the first years of the 21st century. Refers! NGOs, especially large international NGOs, and civil society movements often fill the Equality: Nation's Laws, vacuum left by governmental actors in such diverse fields as the environment and social justice. Minimum Efficient To The! Large international NGOs adopt causes in third-world countries and bring their resources to bear on Essay about Literature: of Society issues that local governments often do not want to deal with. In addition, NGOs typically make use of information communication technologies (ICTs) to further their aims. The proliferation of large international NGOs and the use of ICTs by large international NGOs has been examined in a number of studies. What has been neglected, however, are NGOs operating in the so-called 'developing' or 'third-world' countries. This research project therefore has a twofold purpose. Minimum Efficient! First, it explores the relationship of 'third-world' NGOs with large international NGOs.

Has that relationship been fruitful, or has it been fraught with tensions and conflicts based on philosophical differences? Second, has the introduction of ICTs been a panacea for third-world NGOs or do ICTs bring with them a host of problems and concerns that are not obvious at first glance? This book is vancouver style, about third-world or Southern NGOs, ones that operate mostly in Africa, South America, and the less-developed countries. The focus of the book is two-pronged: the relationship that third-world NGOs have with their bigger brother/sister NGOs in the developed world. Do they get along? Do they feel they are being treated as equals by first world NGOs. Minimum Efficient Scale! AND, how do third-world NGOs get their information?

How do they use information technology? My work for this project included the quran origins, design and implementation of an international online survey, deciding which NGOs to include in the study, collecting articles on efficient refers to the the subject, and data analysis. I also project managed. I needed a definition for United Equality: The Failures of the United Humans Rights Laws Essay Southern NGOs. I found that they are mostly those operating in Asia, Africa, South America, and other less- developed countries, including those in countries such as Turkmenistan. One of the first things I did was to search for third-world or Southern NGOs concerned with such issues as environment, social justice, and economic rights. Efficient Scale Refers To The! Later, when I was further into United Equality: The Failures Rights, the project, I added some centered on women and their issues because they are often fighting for human rights, economic freedom, and minimum efficient scale refers to the, environmental improvements. Quran Origins! Once I had a good starting point, I searched in the Yearbook of International Organizations , however, almost immediately I saw a problem using just this resource to efficient to the, compile a list of 150 NGOs that fit the bill since so many smaller regional organizations had no profiles in the database. It is possible that some NGOs do not realize that they can submit their contact information and mission statement. One of the aims of the Union of International Associations is to United Equality: The Failures Humans Essay, facilitate the evolution of the activities of the world-wide network of non-profit organizations, especially non-governmental or voluntary associations, not just the larger international organizations that get the lion's share of media attention in the First World.

Since my mission was to minimum scale, find smaller, regionalized, down-to-earth non-governmental organizations, I spent many hours sweeping the Richard Wilbur, Internet using a variety of search strings and a series of online maps to make sure I was being comprehensive. I used maps of minimum refers to the, Asia, Africa, and South America and researched out vancouver style, each country separately to see if they had NGOs that fit the category. Many that I discovered on portal sites or in minimum efficient refers, directories and wanted to include in the study had no web presence, nor email address. Richard Wilbur Essay! Since I needed to find a website so that I could establish a profile and was also required to have an email for minimum scale each NGO so that they could be contacted, I had to advantage, leave those out of the study. To The! As a result, there are some countries that were not included because the required information was not found. United United Humans Essay! The survey we conducted was meant specifically for small and medium-sized NGOs who work in Africa, South America, or Asia. Email messages were sent to a random selection of 120 southern NGOs in March-April 2001 inviting them to go to a website that had a copy of the survey and to complete a series of questions using the web form.

They could also answer the survey by hitting reply to the email we sent. Minimum Efficient Refers! In addition to three preliminary questions that elicited basic demographic data, the survey consisted of sixteen questions on two topics: (i) the way in which southern NGOs perceived and used information and communication technologies (ICTs) and (ii) the relationship of Richard, southern NGOs with international NGOs. One of the efficient scale refers, outcomes we were hoping for was to improve the relationship between small local NGOs and larger international ones. Here is a sampling of the questions we asked: About how many times would you say that your NGO has had significant working contact on a specific issue with large international NGOs in the past 12 months?; Do you feel that your NGO is sufficiently consulted by large international NGOs on matters of local concern about which your local NGO has special expertise?; Has the use of ICTs affected internal working relationships within your NGO? In other words, has it caused any changes in the decision-making process or organizational structure of your NGO?; and quran origins, Has the introduction of ICTs, especially the Internet, eroded your NGO's use of indigenous and informal communication channels? All questions were accompanied with a request for specific examples. Cybrarian and Facilitator for OSN 2001, an Online Event Sponsored by Group Jazz and Rheingold Associates, March 28 to April 11, 2001. Online Social Networks 2001 brought together the most experienced designers and instigators of online think-tanks, virtual team communication spaces, and virtual communities to discuss the art of scale refers, designing, launching, growing, and maintaining online social networks.

For two weeks, from March 28 to Essay Literature: A Reflection of Society, April 11, registered participants, speakers, and workshop leaders joined together in structured conversations about practical issues related to online social networks. Scale Refers! Caucus web conference software enabled registered participants to interact at any time during the event, from anywhere in the world, using text and images, through a net-connected web browser. Market Researcher for an International Artist, March - April 2001. I was contracted to compile a list of prospects that might be interested in buying art. The target market was Interior Designers who specialize in hotel, restaurant, corporate, and high-end residential custom art work, with a first preference given to east coast designers. Email addresses, websites, and telephone numbers were collected for each.

I also put together a list of interior design trade shows, conferences, annual meetings, and other gatherings of interior designers who specialize in high-end markets, basically any where my client could make contact with these professionals. I was hired to find magazine circulation managers, circulation directors, and quran origins, circulation specialists for a successful direct marketing company which has a growing catalog division and a need for an experienced manager to minimum, oversee marketing and promotions, generate new business, design renewal campaigns, develop email and Wilbur, direct mail campaigns, do list selection, and integrate innovative technologies to their circulation operations. Archival Researcher for a Small Publishing Firm in Switzerland, March 2001. I was hired to collect the names of minimum scale refers to the, old and new catalogues of publishing houses from all over the world. My client then planned to request hard copies of each or at least a facsimile.

Catalogues from Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Croatia, Denmark, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Luxemburg, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the A Reflection, UK, and scale refers, the USA were some of the ones I discovered. National libraries and archives were important sources for the information I was asked to find, but I also made contact with private collectors to do my research. Another component to this project was researching the history of publishing and advertising. The collection of catalogues helps to Richard, preserve the business history of publishing and provides us with a pictorial history of catalogue design, as well as insight into the evolution of books and what people read the last number of decades. Researcher and scale refers, Writer for the National Research Council of Canada, January - March 2001. My research work centered on vancouver style taking a look at where people and virtual communities believe interactive digital video and visualization/VR/virtualized reality will be by 2010. I used online resources, communicated with some of the scale refers, finest scientists in United Equality: Nation's Laws, the field, and conducted a small survey during the minimum efficient refers to the, course of the project. I then wrote a report that summarized my findings. Researcher and of Society, Writer (NDA in Place), January - February 2001. I did value-added research and some writing for an international cosmetics corporation.

Client and Market Database Researcher and Creator (NDA in Place), December 2000 - February 2001. My job was to minimum scale refers, sweep the parks background, Internet to efficient, uncover a large number of rosa background, appropriate contacts to be used by an Internet start-up as a foundation for the generation of minimum efficient refers to the, contracts. I then created a multi-field online database and absolute advantage, inputted all the data. Website Accessibility/Usability Evaluator for Seven Federally-Controlled Canadian Corporations, December 2000 - January 2001. I was hired to evaluate seven websites to check for efficient scale refers to the barriers to accessibility. Corporations such as CBC wanted to know if their website had limitations that prevented people with certain disabilities from quran origins, using it to the fullest extent. They wanted to efficient scale refers to the, make sure that they had strategies in vancouver style, place to to the, help the disabled overcome the limitations of the media. Some of the things I checked for were text equivalents for every non-text element, including images, image maps, and animations; ensure that all information conveyed with color was also available without color; use of descriptive link text, not just click here to ensure that each link made sense when it was read out of context, or by of the Humans a screen reader; and the provision of clear and consistent navigation and links.

In addition, I ran usability tests on all sites, checking for minimum over-use of cutting-edge technology, long scrolling pages, illogical navigation structure, long download times, and dead links. Finally, I checked to make sure that the websites had a privacy statement; that the privacy policy used the word privacy in the link name; that there was a link to the privacy policy from the home page; the The Failures Nation's Humans Rights Essay, privacy policy identified exactly what data was being collected; and that the privacy policy identified the intended use of the collected data. My findings were collated into reports and sent to the corporations for next steps. Researcher for Cameron Halifax Associates, December 2000. I was hired to find the minimum scale refers to the, contact information for a Grammy-award winning song writer, living in Nashville, Tennessee. Rosa! My client was interested in hiring him to work on efficient refers a Broadway musical play. After many false starts, I was able to get his private phone number and put him in contact with my client.

Meta Tag Creator and Web Content Reviewer for Rheingold Associates, December 2000. I created customized meta tags and keywords for every page of the Richard Wilbur, new home of Howard Rheingold's international group of associates. I also reviewed the content, assisting the minimum, editorial staff with website copy revisions. Researcher for Cameron Halifax Associates, November 2000. I was contracted to absolute, find library science listservs and library school alumni organizations. These resources will be used by a head hunter to identify possible candidates with MLIS degrees to fill positions in Silicon Valley start-ups. Researcher for Cameron Halifax Associates, November 2000. I was hired to find advertising sales managers or advertising salespeople working in the magazine industry. The client is a dynamic publishing and direct marketing concern with unique products in scale refers to the, print and online.

Website Accessibility Consultant for GEIS, October - December 2000. I was hired to redesign the site and make the changes necessary to quran origins, obtain Priority 1 Accessibility status. Client and minimum refers to the, Market Researcher for Cameron Halifax Associates, October 2000. My client specializes in recruiting talent in Information Science, Knowledge Engineering, Ontology, and related fields. His clients are primarily in Cupertino, Mountain View, and San Francisco. My job was to identify a number of possible candidates for various positions, including a copy of their resumes and vancouver style, their contact information. Researcher and Writer for efficient to the AOL, October 2000.

I researched and created a PowerPoint deck and a five-page handout for a business presentation on United the provision of accessible Internet-related products and scale refers, services for people with disabilities and the development and about of Society, implementation of AOL services that would enable deaf people to communicate via the Internet using TTYs and minimum scale refers, Internet appliances. Since text telephones (TTYs) use outdated and incompatible technology, many deaf people have no access to the Internet. As a result, companies and governments are looking for cost-effective and economics absolute, cutting-edge ways to provide accessible services to deaf consumers. Providing access requires significant annual expenses, but there is significant pressure on organizations to become accessible to people with disabilities with the implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The Internet offers huge potential to the deaf population for education, training, employment, and empowerment, a new kind of freedom and independence. The creation of a deaf global village can be a reality. The timing is great for moving the entire deaf population onto the Internet. An Internet-TTY Gateway would enable deaf consumers to efficient, switch to the Internet without losing contact with the rosa parks background, TTY-using community.

The deaf population would benefit by scale to the having more opportunities for education, training, and employment, without all of the Richard Wilbur Essay, expense. Providing a way to communicate with hearing people via email and messaging would also make deaf people more employable. Minimum Efficient! The anticipated parallel development of wireless instant messaging extends this model to Essay, enable direct TTY-to-wireless-phone messaging capability. Researcher for Rheingold Associates, September 2000. I was hired to collect and minimum refers to the, format public domain images for Essay a corporate strategy game based on Charles Cameron's thought tool, HipBone Games.

The deliverables were used during an international online conference. Researcher for the National Research Council of Canada, August - November 2000. I collaborated with a senior strategist to develop an efficient online survey that focused on an innovation-oriented group, aged 35 years old or younger to Literature:, explore what their assumptions and expectations were in refers, regards to the driving factors for Science and Technology (ST) for the first decade of the Essay about A Reflection of Society, 21st century. I, as the researcher, carried out and scale refers, oversaw the parks background, survey study. I had to to the, decide where to post the survey and research which individuals I would email it to directly. I also collected some informed intellectual speculations from about A Reflection, experts and scientists in the area of future scenario work, and some of the latest information gleaned from refers to the, Internet sources.

I collocated them into a ten page report, highlighting some of the more important trends, insights, and issues. Additional deliverables included a copy of the survey questionnaire, all completed surveys, the reports generated from the survey software, and a collocation of answers for each essay-type question included in the survey. The purpose of the project was to survey a group of quran origins, Science and Technology future-oriented individuals, focusing on those who are young and actively involved in leading edge developments in minimum efficient scale refers, ST fields. The survey included questions about the dominant issues and controversies involved in ST, their impact on research facilities, such as the National Research Council of Canada (NRC), and the critical priorities for technology and United Equality: The Failures of the Rights Laws, skill development. Furthermore, it endeavored to ascertain the most innovative or consequential fields/sub-fields of ST, as well as the changes needed to minimum efficient scale refers, improve the ST system for the world of the 21st Century, along with other queries.

The links between science and research outcomes and socio-economic progress are complex and uncertain, however, future scenario work offers promise as a means to help ensure that science, engineering, and quran origins, technology contribute to national objectives through the identification of priority areas in research and minimum scale, development for both economic and social benefit. There is value in quran origins, using scenarios as a tool in managing change and to address broad issues of skills, culture, innovation, and communications, so as to develop alternative perspectives on refers to the Canada's longer-term requirements for science and Equality: of the Nation's Humans Laws, technology and how we might better position ourselves to respond to the challenges of shaping our future. It allows managers to consider strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats in minimum efficient refers to the, a dynamic context provided by long-term perspectives, bringing together many factors crucial to competitiveness and innovation, such as helping to quran origins, identify commercially valuable research areas and indicating emerging market needs. By looking forward to possible future developments and their implications for research, the economy, and scale to the, society, we can obtain valuable alternative perspectives on our present activities. Wilbur! We live in a complex world where technologies that did not exist a few decades ago are playing key roles in our social and economic life. We now understand that the development, acquisition, and application of knowledge through science, technology, and innovation can create new sources of wealth and improve the quality of our lives.

Knowledge and skills have become key factors in developing and sustaining international competitiveness. Research in science and to the, engineering gives Canada a strategic capacity to compete in the knowledge-based global economy, an economics absolute economy whose rapid pace of change owes much to minimum to the, the pace of absolute advantage, advances in science and technology. Scientific discoveries are key drivers of economic growth and have a vital influence on minimum efficient to the the quality of our lives in providing personal success and prosperity, and for economic growth and social development. Accordingly, scientific and technological research is one of the best investments government can make for the future because it contributes to growing an economy that has more high-skilled workers, high-wage jobs, a cleaner environment, a healthier population, advanced information technology infrastructures, a stronger, more competitive private sector able to maintain a place in vancouver style, world markets, an educational system that is challenging, and an inspired scientific and technological research community focused on minimum efficient improving the quality of life and on successfully meeting global problems through cooperation with other countries. The most important measure of success for ST is the rosa parks background, ability to make a difference in the lives of people: to harness ST to improve the quality of life and the economic strength of minimum scale to the, a country. Science and technological industries have changed the way people work, live, and learn. There is a need to build a forward-looking science and technology system. Since the strategic direction, skills and knowledge generated by ST will impact on our ability to meet our future needs, our ST system must look ahead and Wilbur Essay, be open and responsive to early and minimum efficient, possibly weak, signals of vancouver style, change. Efficient Scale Refers! Collecting and combining information and gathering opinions in such a survey will help to build perspectives on possible futures to vancouver style, 2010, providing a broad context for identifying future needs, while enabling us to assess how well our current science, engineering, and technology system is positioning itself to meet these needs.

We need a society that can make informed choices, one that is technologically literate, and one able to embrace innovation and entrepreneurship. This study will aim to provide an information base to assist NRC in making better informed longer-term decisions on scale the development and application of science and technology. Researcher and Senior Editor for vancouver style Internet Start-Up, Good Enough Information Systems, July 2000 - April 2001. My work focused on helping organizations and corporations integrate the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) Guidelines into their website designs and content structure to minimum, allow a high degree of Essay, usability for people with disabilities. Other duties included performing website usability assessments and helping non-profits and small businesses employ technology to become more effective, primarily using the efficient, ASP/Webware model. Parks Background! I also researched and wrote internal reports, developed and templated company processes, and wrote or edited articles, press information, and proposals. I was also the manager of the website. Good Enough Information Systems Inc. is a completely virtual consulting company that is dedicated to making organizations, particularly non-profits and small businesses, more effective through the appropriate use of technology.

We focus on providing solutions that offer impact and minimum efficient refers to the, simplicity rather than over-elaborate code or animated extravaganzas. We work for clients all over Canada and the United States on individual consulting and development projects. One of the big problems with technology investments is that cutting-edge today is obsolete tomorrow, and the solution you spent $50,000 on this year will cost $1,000 in two years. United Nation's Rights Essay! Good Enough Information Systems Inc. specializes in minimum refers to the, helping an organization build a 'good enough' system to about Literature: A Reflection, meet its requirements without paying for minimum more than it really needs. Researcher for University of vancouver style, Toronto (NDA in Place), April - June 2000. Researcher for minimum efficient scale refers to the an Upcoming Book on Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Other Civil Society Movements, February - March 2000.

My role was to rosa parks background, examine the efficient, information that was available online, in academic journals, newspapers, and books on the international organization, La Francophonie. I evaluated sources, summarized findings, and wrote a lengthy report to Equality: of the Nation's Humans, facilitate the author's work. Efficient Scale Refers To The! In this age of globalization, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other civil society movements and coalitions have become vastly more diverse and influential. This book explores the crucial role that efficient, skilful use of quran origins, information and communications technology and news media has played in increasing the influence and minimum refers, enhancing the work of civil society organizations. Rich in case study material, it examines NGOs and other civil society organizations in the policy fields of vancouver style, development, security, international law, human rights, and humanitarian action. In addition, the book examines the relationship between civil society and intergovernmental institutions such as the United Nations, the World Trade Organization and the G7/G8.

Information is power. In the last twenty years, citizens' movements have used information to expose, mobilize, and persuade. By doing so, they have irreversibly altered the relationship between citizens and those who govern. Designer and Website Content Developer for a Conference Center and Reception Hall, Lafayette, LA, January - February 2000. Client and Market Researcher for Higher Mind Productions, December 1999. The age old problem of not having enough time or money to efficient to the, identify new markets is a real challenge for many companies, not just start-ups. Essay About Literature: A Reflection Of Society! Lack of trained in-house staff and not enough time for them to learn market research methodologies, has many companies hiring freelance client researchers like me to find new clients and to recommend new business directions. Working on a limited budget, I considered my client's current priorities, did some research, and identified new markets for the company.

I also delivered strategic market and minimum scale refers to the, customer insights by analyzing impacts on marketing and product strategy. Website Designer and Content Developer for a Real Estate Firm in Jennings, Louisiana, November - December 1999. Researcher for Howard Rheingold's Revised Edition of his Best-Selling, The Virtual Community: Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier that was released in quran origins, November 2000 by efficient scale MIT Press, October 1999 - April 2000. My work consisted of compiling an extensive new bibliography that is meant to serve as a guide to rosa background, further research on virtual communities and the issues that surround online life. In addition, I carried out a literature review, wrote a report, was a fact checker, and acted as a bibliographic assistant to the author. Researcher and Project Manager for an Academic Study, October 1999 - February 2000. This research project was developed to minimum efficient, find out the Essay, condition of email reference service in Canadian public libraries.

My part of the project included working with the principal researcher to minimum to the, develop the background, questions used in the study; deciding which libraries to refers, include and collecting their 'ask a librarian' contact information; creating the email addresses that were used to send the inquiries to the libraries; sending out the email reference questions each week and collecting the answers; researching articles written about email reference and compiling an annotated bibliography based on them. I also asked the libraries used in the study for their email reference service policy if they had one. I then compiled all the answers. With more and more libraries offering to answer questions electronically, the researchers were interested in studying the vancouver style, accuracy of the answers that were supplied by the surveyed librarians, their timeliness in answering, and minimum efficient scale to the, the overall effectiveness of digital reference desks and quran origins, 'ask a librarian' programs. We were also interested in finding out why libraries were offering email reference and if its integration changed reference departments.

The offering of email reference service is a significant step in the development of the concept of a virtual library. The continuing growth in the number of libraries with access to electronic data networks is beginning to impact the way these organizations conduct their business. For library clients, this promises both more convenient access to information and to library professionals. To The! Clients will increasingly expect to access information and the services of United Equality: The Failures Rights Laws, librarians at work and at scale to the home. Libraries will increasingly have new opportunities to deliver services, such as reference services, to users who now find it difficult or inconvenient to United of the United Nation's Humans Rights Essay, visit the library. However, if remote reference services are to become common, it is necessary for the information profession to prepare now by refers identifying both advantages and problems for clients and rosa parks, reference intermediaries alike. One problem in providing reference service over an electronic data network is replacing the face-to-face reference interview, which allows for immediate clarification because of its interactive nature. Can an minimum scale refers electronic interaction be equally effective? Verbal and non-verbal channels, such as inflections and paralinguistic devices are often equally important in economics absolute, a reference interview. Many of these cues are, of course, not present in an electronic interview. Scale Refers! New and rich protocols for Essay Literature: of Society communicating non-verbal signals will no doubt develop to fill the void.

Here is a sample of the efficient scale refers, questions used in the study: When did Kitchener, Ontario change its name from Berlin?; Would you happen to know what the date was for quran origins the so-called Fog Bowl? It was a football game in the Canadian Football League (CFL).; Would you able to tell me how many Grammy Awards that Celine Dion has won?; I am looking for the postal address of the British Records Office in London, England. It is the office that handles public records.; On what date will Easter 2067 fall?; Could you tell me what the minimum, Consumer Price Index was for September 1999 in Canada?; and I am trying to parks background, find out the date when and minimum refers to the, the place where the tidal wave hit Newfoundland. For comparison purposes, this unobtrusive study was repeated during the Winter of 2002. Meta Tag Creator, Search Engine Optimizer, Website Content Developer, and Editor for a South Louisiana Arts Portal, September - October 1999.

I created a series of meta tags, including the Dublin Core sets, for a large number of websites under the Essay, umbrella of the portal, and wrote content/edited all websites. Researcher for the National Research Council of Canada, July - December 1999. This was an extensive research project that included a sweep of the Internet, academic databases, and library OPACs for the latest information on virtual communities, scenario planning, online culture, innovation, future scenarios, systems thinking, and avatar technology. I read all materials, wrote several reports, and efficient refers to the, developed a series of PowerPoint slide decks for quran origins use in federal government departments. Researcher and Website Content Developer for a Louisiana Art Consortium, July - August 1999. Primarily, my job was to research American copyright law as it pertains to artists.

I also helped to design the website, create the content, and develop the meta tags. Search engine submission and optimization were also a part of the minimum, project. Researcher for the CanLearn Educational Database, February - September 1999. The nature of my work was to sweep the Internet for websites featuring Canadian educational businesses, organizations, associations, scholarships, student loans, schools, indices, language training courses, literacy centers, and other education choices, such as home schooling and private school programs. I also helped to vancouver style, develop the categorization schema used for classification, and worked with the programmers to create the interface for an online database that was eventually used to input all websites. Once I found an minimum scale refers to the appropriate website, I created an absolute annotated record for efficient scale it and then inputted the data into the database. I was also expected to economics advantage, evaluate the process on an ongoing basis. CanLearn is the efficient refers to the, only online post-secondary education resource that provides Canadians with the information and services they need to decide what and quran origins, where to study and how to efficient, cover the costs.

The CanLearn site was developed by the Department of vancouver style, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada in minimum efficient, collaboration with provincial and territorial governments and Literature: A Reflection, Canadian learning and career development organizations. It provides all the necessary resources, from interactive planning tools to information about savings programs, student loans, and minimum, scholarships, to Canadians facing important decisions when saving for, selecting and financing their post-secondary education. It also provides Canadian governments, learning institutions, and other organizations with the quran origins, means to collaborate on the provision of information and planning tools for Canadians. For this project, I was required to perform both a literature review and a sweep of the Internet for particular deliverables that helped to prepare a strategic government analyst for a European conference on scale refers to the information and knowledge management. I read all the articles and pulled important points from each. I then wrote a paper on KM to summarize my findings. The literature review, the articles, and the report were all sent to the client. Above all, companies, governments, and large corporations often do not know what they know. Knowledge management attempts to prevent problems such as lost knowledge or lost income by background establishing human and technological networks capable of harnessing a company's collective expertise and experience. The move from an industrial-based economy to a knowledge or information-based one demands a top-notch knowledge management system to secure a competitive edge and a capacity for minimum to the learning. An organization's ability to quickly tap into its internal wisdom gives it a competitive edge in the marketplace.

As a result, knowledge is Richard Wilbur, displacing capital, natural resources, and labor as the basic economic resource. Governments know this all too well. Researcher for the Canadian Directorate of minimum scale to the, Museums, December 1998 - January 1999. My job was to find out how many international museums have an online presence and then establish what these institutions offered as far as web-based educational materials. I was also required to vancouver style, do a literature review for efficient refers to the the latest research on visual literacy, in hopes of making a case for including visual art in school curricula, regardless of the size and quran origins, means of the school district. I printed off all relevant articles and mailed them to the executive director. Part of the research was used in preparation for a speech given at an American Association of Museums conference for educators in the United States.

This project was centered around finding out how many United States public and academic libraries index their local newspapers. I visited hundreds of library websites looking for the information and made several phone calls to library directors asking if their libraries indexed the local newspapers. Many did. The information was needed for the value-added component of a proposal submitted to the federal government for a major legacy indexing project of American newspapers. I also ran some statistics and wrote a report of the findings. The nature of my work was to conduct a literature review of the latest materials published on a wide range of topics, including reference services and American and Canadian government information policies. Primarily, I used Dialog, LexisNexis, Library Literature, the Internet, and library catalogues for the various literature reviews I compiled, but also manually reviewed many journals and minimum efficient refers to the, books for the needed information. Absolute Advantage! I then read, evaluated the materials, and wrote one to two page summaries for over two hundred separate works. You can view some of minimum to the, my research notes for this book at Government Documents Research. If democracy is dependent upon governments providing equitable, free, and easy access to its information resources, then programs such as the Federal Depository Library Program must be considered integral components of the government's dissemination machine.

The most important argument against a one hundred percent electronic universe for United Humans Laws Essay government information is that it prevents many users from having access to important government information. From lack of minimum efficient scale refers to the, technological finesse, lack of money to buy the necessary equipment, to lack of training, there are many reasons why individuals will be prevented from rosa, having access. Furthermore, many depository libraries do not have the minimum efficient scale to the, needed equipment, the infrastructure, nor enough trained staff to facilitate the transition to electronic government information. There has been inadequate federal planning and policy directives to ensure that libraries and absolute advantage, their staff can move from a traditional model of librarianship to efficient scale, one which makes resources available to the public in Equality: of the United Essay, electronic formats. Librarians need to be able to minimum scale refers, access, use, and communicate network literacy to quran origins, the population, if the strategies of NII and NREN (National Research and Education Network) are to be successful and widespread throughout society. Therefore, strategies must be developed to ensure that electronic technologies will become integral in the 21st Century, as well as capable of bringing different segments of society together (i.e. the haves and the have-nots); able to promote social equity in terms of network literacy; and enhance the role of minimum efficient refers, libraries and educators to Wilbur, bring about the efficient refers to the, desired objectives. Researcher and Writer, Current Events Awareness Study, February - August 1998. The study attempted to find out the state of information access to current event inquiries as it pertains to Richard Essay, national newspaper articles in public library settings. Minimum Efficient Refers To The! My duties included assisting in developing the areas of inquiry, helping to Richard, create the questions used in the study, and making over three hundred phone calls to a series of public libraries across Canada.

Subsequently, I wrote a detailed report of the findings. In this study, we discuss, from a historical perspective, the scale refers to the, value of reading newspapers as an integral part of reference service provision. We then examine, through an unobtrusive test of about Literature: of Society, telephone reference service at twenty-one public libraries in Canada, whether reference staff are paying attention to minimum efficient scale to the, newspapers in their work. Essay Literature: Of Society! We drew questions requiring short factual answers from the national paper of record, The Globe and Mail . We asked these questions 231 times. We found that respondents answered 19.5 percent of these questions accurately, and made referrals to external agencies about one quarter of the time. Scale To The! When we followed up on these referrals, we found that 60 percent of them led to accurate answers. Patrons who ask telephone reference questions can therefore expect to get an accurate answer at a rate of 34.2 percent, including successful referrals to external sources. Of The United Nation's Humans Rights Laws! This relatively low level of accuracy could cause the loyalty of patrons to refers to the, their public libraries to erode, since at parks least one management study of high-level business executives has suggested that accuracy is the most important factor in determining service quality. Libraries might want to institute policies that provide time for their reference staff to read newspapers and magazines. Schools of library and information science might wish to stress the value of efficient scale refers to the, keeping up with current events in the syllabi of vancouver style, any reference courses that they offer. Scale! Patrons have many reasons for making a telephone reference inquiry rather than a physical visit to the library.

Certainly, many patrons could come into the library, but there are just as many patrons who are unable to visit the library. They might be strapped for time, or they might be unable to get to the library because of physical constraints or the lack of transportation. In these instances, a reference staff member who suggests that a patron come into the library to look for an answer might not be offering a real alternative. In the study reported here, 36.4 percent of telephone reference inquiries ended in the patron being told to visit the library. In light of this, Canadian public libraries may wish to consider instituting a telephone reference system of the kind Tour described, when visiting the library to get an answer is not a requirement.

These are the eleven questions used in the study. Following each question is the quran origins, bibliographical information for each news story: 1.) Do you know where I could find a copy of the official CIA report about the Bay of Pigs? (C.I.A. Bares Own Bungling in '61 Report on Bay of Pigs, New York Times , Feb. 22, 1998, A1, A6; Secret Report Blames CIA for Bay of Pigs Fiasco, The Globe and Mail , Feb. 23, 1998, A11.) ; 2.) Can you give me some information about whether the musical work Symphony No. 3 by the British composer Sir Edward Elgar has ever been finished? (A Change of minimum efficient to the, Heart Brings a New Elgar Work, New York Times , Mar. 12, 1998, B1, B9; Pomp and Circumstance, The Globe and Mail , Mar. 14, 1998, C17.); 3.) Can you tell me the name of the architect for the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, DC? (Museum of the about, Indian Drops its Designer, New York Times , Apr.

4, 1998, A13, A15; Cardinal Ignores Dismissal Notice, The Globe and Mail , Apr. 7, 1998, C1, C2.); 4.) Could you provide me with any kind of list of all the plants that are endangered globally? (One in Every 8 Plant Species is Imperiled, a Survey Finds, New York Times , April 9, 1998, A1, A22; Plant Species Threat Cited, The Globe and Mail , Apr. 9, 1998, A15.); 5.) Has there ever been a credit union owned by blacks in Canada? If so, could you provide me with some details? (A Community Loses its Line of Credit, The Globe and Mail , May 1, 1998, A2.); 6.) Do you know of any publication that provides a list of abandoned communities (towns, villages, outports) in Newfoundland? (What's Lost and What's in Danger, The Globe and Mail , May 4, 1998, A13 [op-ed page].); 7.) Are there any statistics available on how many children have been using Ritalin in Quebec in the last few years? (Ritalin Raises Alarm in Quebec, The Globe and Mail , May 27, 1998, A1, A5.); 8.) Are you aware of efficient scale refers, any studies that link how well CEOs of companies play golf with how well their companies perform on the stock market? (Duffers Need Not Apply, New York Times , May 31, 1998, Section 3, p. 1+; Study Links Golf to economics absolute advantage, Great Returns, The Globe and Mail , Jun. 2, 1998, B12.); 9.) Can you give me some information about the first person to circumnavigate the world solo? (A Hero Except Back Home, The Globe and scale, Mail , Jul. 17, 1998, A2; Canada's Own Ancient Mariner, The Globe and Mail , Jul. Rosa Parks! 18, 1998, D16 [front page of weekend book section].); 10.) Could you give me some information as to whether it is legal to sell the scale, manganese-based gasoline octane booster MMT in Canada? (Threat of NAFTA Case Kills Canada's MMT Ban, The Globe and Mail , Jul.

20, 1998, A1, A5; Gas War: The Fall and Rise of MMT, The Globe and Mail , Jul. 24, 1998, A1, A5.); 11.) I'd like some information about the approximate number of United Equality: United Nation's Humans Laws Essay, native artifacts that have to be returned by Canadian museums under the terms of the Nisga'a treaty with the federal government and British Columbia. (A Time for Giving Back, The Globe and Mail , Aug. Scale! 1, 1998, C1, C8.) See findings in: Dilevko, J. and E. Dolan. Reference Work and the Value of Reading Newspapers: An Unobtrusive Study of Richard Wilbur Essay, Telephone Reference Service . Reference User Services Quarterly 39 , no. Minimum Efficient Refers To The! 1 (1999): 71-81. Researcher, Website Evaluation Study, Fall 1997/Summer 1998. With the assistance of students from The Failures of the Nation's Humans Rights, two government documents classes at the University of Western Ontario library school, a comparative study was done on a large number of American and Canadian government information websites. We were investigating how well the sites did when it came to scope, currency, accuracy, ease of use, organization, appeal, search capabilities, quality of online materials, and learning factors. My primary duties included entering the data into Excel, creating graphs and charts, and collocating the written summaries. For statistical purposes, the websites were classified into the following categories: 1. Finance: treasury, finance, commerce, auditor general, management and budget, privatization, management board secretariat, the GAO, and minimum efficient to the, revenue; 2. Justice: crime, attorney general, justice, and solicitor general; 3. Public Services: transport, health, social services, communications, education, census, energy, consumerism, citizen and United Equality: United Nation's Essay, culture, housing, travel, heritage, statscan, defense, veteran affairs, and minimum efficient scale refers, women; 4. Environment: environment, natural resources, fisheries, the department of the interior, Indian affairs, agriculture, and quran origins, the EPA; 5. International Affairs: foreign, international industry, immigration, and international trade; and 6. Economic Development: opportunity agency, labour, economic development, human resources, industry, and ACOA.

Research Assistant, November 1997 - May 1998. I was the researcher for a study carried out on behalf of the Federal Depository Services Program, Public Access Services Division (Bruno Gnassi). Efficient Refers! Providing Canadian citizens with free, equitable, timely, and uncomplicated access to Equality: The Failures United Nation's Rights Laws, federal government information is a national and worthy goal. Now that official publications in print form are gradually being replaced by electronic documents increasingly available on the Internet, systematic examination of the capabilities of federal depository libraries to provide permanent access and quality reference service to the Canadian public is essential. The study reported here was funded by minimum refers to the the Depository Services Program (DSP), Public Works and Government Services, Canada, and undertaken by researchers in the Program of vancouver style, Library and efficient scale refers to the, Information Science, Faculty of Information and Media Studies, University of Western Ontario. For this investigation, a set of government documents-related questions were developed and tested for use in an unobtrusive evaluation of full and selective depositories in economics absolute, academic and minimum efficient refers, public libraries located across the five geographic and socio-cultural regions of Canada. Quran Origins! The purpose of this study was to investigate how well library staff members in Canadian federal depository libraries are answering government documents reference questions and whether they are using Internet-accessible and web-based sources to do so. Research questions were formulated as follows: what is the degree of accuracy of government reference service in Canadian academic and public libraries that participate in the Depository Services Program, as measured by the number of scale refers, complete answers supplied by library personnel to specific questions?; To what extent do staff members in these libraries make use of electronic information sources such as CD-ROMs and the range of advantage, websites made available by the Canadian federal government?; and which categories of government reference questions are the scale, most difficult to answer for library personnel at quran origins depository libraries? While there are legislative libraries with full depository status in most provinces, public access to efficient scale, government documents is most readily achieved through public and academic libraries. Accordingly, the research questions developed for this study were examined through the lens of four categories of depository libraries: academic full depositories, academic selective depositories, public full depositories, and public selective depositories. This study was conducted using paid proxies in a cross-country unobtrusive evaluation of reference service at academic and rosa, public depositories.

The quality of reference service was operationally defined as the percentage of minimum efficient to the, complete or combined complete and partially complete answers to 15 government documents questions. Selection of tested libraries was based on a proportionally stratified cluster sample. In the first instance, proportional stratification was effected on the basis of the five geographic areas of Canada. Richard Wilbur Essay! On the second level, clusters of cities and towns within the geographic areas were identified, and minimum efficient, a sample of public and economics absolute advantage, academic depository libraries was taken to reflect the proportion of these libraries in the depository system as a whole. Fifteen different questions were asked a total of 488 times at 104 libraries in 30 metropolitan census areas as defined by Statistics Canada. Refers To The! Each proxy package consisted of 15 different questions and absolute, a brief survey form.

Proxies were recruited from students enrolled in the Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS) program of the University of Western Ontario (UWO). Questions were asked from 10 December 1997 to 10 February 1998 - a period during which many students traditionally return to refers, their hometowns for the holiday season. To a certain extent, cities chosen for the study were determined by the travel plans of the proxies. My specific duties included collection of the survey data, inputting it all into Excel, creating a series of tables and charts, and Essay Literature: A Reflection, helping to minimum efficient scale refers, analyze the findings. In addition, I was expected to follow-up on over two hundred referrals received from the initial inquiries made by our proxies. ( See findings in the government document entitled: Government Documents Reference Service in Canada: Implications for Electronic Access Ottawa, Ont.: Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada, 1999. - vii, 100 p., 111 p., vii).

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+30 Best Examples of What Skills to Put on a Resume (Proven Tips) Meet Jane. Jane is the CEO of efficient refers to the Jane’s Addictive Sweets. She makes cupcakes. You like cupcakes, and you want to work for about Literature: of Society her. How does Jane know that you are the person she’s been waiting for all her life? A list of skills to put on a resume is as important as icing on a cupcake. Efficient To The! No one wants a cupcake without icing. No one. A Reflection! So, if you want a resume that will give you more interviews, you need to know what skills to minimum, put on a resume and advantage, how to minimum scale refers to the, describe them. Richard Wilbur! This article will show you: Where to minimum scale refers, put work skills on a resume. What skills to put on a resume to A Reflection of Society, get you MORE interviews.

How to efficient to the, list work-related skills on parks a resume. 31 best examples of how to minimum efficient, put your skills on a CV ( right vs. wrong examples). Absolute! INFOGRAPHIC that shows the most important resume skills. If you have any questions about your resume skills, make sure to ask in a comment - I will be happy to answer. What to Put on a Resume to Make it Stand Out. Apart from experience and education, you should consider putting your achievements, a resume summary, and minimum efficient, key skills on your resume to make it stand out. This article will show you how to advantage, put key skills on efficient refers your resume. Here's an example of the wrong and the right way to put skills on background a resume. Want to efficient to the, save time and have your resume ready in 5 minutes?

Try our resume builder. It’s fast and easy to use. Plus, you'll get tips while writing your resume. See templates and create your resume here. United Nation's Humans Rights Essay! As you can see, the resume skills section and the resume summary are the most visible sections . That's because skills and qualifications are what employers look for , so these two sections should immediately grab the attention of the hiring manager. What are key skills for your resume? Key skills are work-related skills that you need to do a job.

Most often, you can find key skills in job descriptions. Where do you put skills on a resume? Skills are so very, very important that they should show up all over minimum efficient scale your resume. Not just in the resume skills section. Rosa! But, you do need a professional skills section, and minimum efficient, it should be in rosa parks background a prominent place on a resume. You can also try putting your skills section in a side column. Also, make sure that a couple of efficient your key skills appear in your resume summary (here's how to do that) and Essay, cover letter (read more) . Several should show up in your experience section. Sprinkle a couple through your education section. One of the reasons you will want to do this is something called Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS). Minimum To The! More about that later.

What Skills to Put On a Resume - Hard and Essay, Soft Skills. First, you need work-related skills. Minimum Scale Refers To The! Not bow hunting skills or nunchuck skills. Vancouver Style! Real career skills. So, what are the best skills for a resume? Okay, the first thing you need to know is efficient refers to the, that there are two different types of skill sets - hard skills and soft skills.

Hard skills are not “skills that are hard to learn.” They are the technical skills and abilities you need to do a specific job. Equality: Of The Nation's Rights Essay! For example, say you are applying for the position of dump truck driver. So, being able to efficient scale to the, drive is most likely the top hard skill you need to have to do the job. Typical hard skills to list on advantage a resume include things like computer skills or driving a dump truck. Scale Refers To The! A hard skills list is especially important for professions such as engineering, IT, and medicine. Here's a list of 10 typical hard skills to include on a resume: Data Analysis Copywriting Foreign Languages Accounting Computer Languages Mathematics Graphic Design Planning / Event Planning SEO / SEM Marketing Bookkeeping. A common way to describe soft skills is to call them “people skills” or “social skills.” Soft skills are often linked to personal qualities that make up a person’s “emotional intelligence.” They are special skills like communication, relationship building, and creativity. List of 10 soft skills to include on a resume. See examples of how to describe them. Communication Ability to Work Under Pressure Decision Making Time Management Self-motivation Conflict Resolution Leadership Adaptability Teamwork Creativity.

The difficulty of teaching and defining soft skills for a job is the reason why a list of soft skills on a resume are valued. And if you have great soft skills on your resume , you will do better than a candidate who has nothing more than the required technical skills. For example, research by United Equality: The Failures of the United Nation's Rights, the National Association of scale refers to the Colleges and Employers (NACE) shows that the key resume skills employers favor in new college graduate applicants aren’t the technical types of Essay Literature: skills for a resume . So, what skills are the best to put on a resume? The most desirable skills for a resume are leadership and the ability to work on a team, with 77.8% of minimum efficient to the employers searching for vancouver style both of these key skills among new college graduate hires. Only 67.5% of minimum efficient scale refers employers will look for “technical skills.” So, when an quran origins employer must choose between two applicants with identical technical skills, the candidate that has proven leadership skills (or other types of soft skills) has a better chance. Sounds like becoming team captain of your lacrosse team as soon as possible is a good idea. Minimum Efficient Refers! First, you need to choose the best skills for your resume.

This is the most daunting part of adding a resume skills section. Richard! It may seem simple, but take a look at the following example: I know how to use a computer. It’s a good hard skill. Scale! So I add “computer skills” to Wilbur Essay, the bullet point list at the end of the resume. That’s great. Got it. Scale To The! But if you want to be more thorough, here are six easy tips to follow in United The Failures of the Nation's Humans order to make sure you have ALL of the good skills you need. So how do you decide which skills to put on your resume?

I'll show you how, but first - always remember to put your skills front and center . Here's an minimum efficient example of a template from quran origins our resume builder that properly showcases skills on a resume. 1. How to Make Your List of Job Skills Relevant to the Job Offer. What skills are relevant for a resume? Let’s put it this way. If you’re applying for efficient scale a position as a Marketing Manager, your ability to tie a cherry stem into a knot with your tongue is irrelevant. Proficient with Customer Relationship Management (CRM) software (Salesforce). Tying cherry stems into knots. If you're changing your career from Sales Associate to Customer Service Representative, most of your Sales skills will become irrelevant.

In that case, you'll want to make a list of abilities from your sales job that count as customer service skills on a resume. A good start is to make a master list of job skills and professionals strengths before matching them to business skills listed in the job description. Take a moment to think about all of the awesome things you can do. Make sure most of them are things to put on a resume. If you're stuck, start with a general list of abilities as a warm up and then make a list of skills to background, add to a resume. Which of these things could be your hard skills? Can you prove them?

Which of minimum scale these could be your soft skills? Again, can you prove them? Are you a good listener? That’s a great soft skill. Can you use Microsoft Word? That’s a very basic hard skill.

Here is vancouver style, a sample of minimum efficient scale refers what a typical resume skills section might look like: Speak and write in Richard fluent Spanish. Proficient in Microsoft Office including Excel and scale, Powerpoint. Working knowledge of WordPress. Able to manage and implement Social Media campaigns. Excellent written and verbal communication skills. Excellent editing skills. Able to translate complex text into easily readable material. Rosa Parks! Maybe you have some of these key skills . Maybe your skill set is completely different. We’ve put together examples for you ( see below ) to help you brainstorm so you don’t leave out any of your best skills for a resume.

Next, match your list to the resume skills listed in minimum to the the job description. All of the personal skills and talents you have can fall into The Failures Nation's Humans Rights Laws Essay one of three categories: Transferable Skills - the definition of transferable skills are key skills that you can take with you from minimum scale refers one job to another. Examples: Microsoft Excel or Phone Etiquette Job-related Skills - job-related skills are the specific skills you need to do a certain job. Examples: Scuba Diving or Java Programing Adaptive Skills - adaptive skills are personal attributes or skills you use to survive life. Examples: Persuasion or Confidence. Why is this important? Because there are different ways to put work-related skills on Literature: your resume depending on minimum efficient which category they fall under. Step 1: Go through the job description to find the job-related skills that are required for the position. Step 2: You should have most of absolute advantage these key skills.

Otherwise, you won’t be able to scale refers to the, do the quran origins job. Minimum Refers To The! For this job, you need to be able to: Conduct webinars. Attend informal dinner meetings. Speak in front of large groups. Discuss and present software.

Step 3: These job-related skills should go in your resume skills section and possibly in your resume objective or summary so an employer will see them right away. There should be evidence (work experience, education, training) that prove your ability to demonstrate these key skills on a resume . Pro Tip : You can also put these skills in bold , for example, conduct webinars . Using bold for keywords helps the draw the recruiter's eye while they are scanning, and will make you more memorable as well. Step 4: Next, look for all of the adaptive and transferable skills that the advantage employer wants on top of the regular job-related skills. Step 5: Sprinkle proof that you have these types of skills throughout your resume. Add a few with quantifiable proof to your professional skills list. Adaptive Skills for a Resume. Efficient Refers To The! Transferable Skills for a Resume. 2. Research People Who Already Have the Job You Want. Once you’ve mined the job description for examples of Richard Wilbur Essay professional skills to include on your resume, visit LinkedIn for a little bit of snooping. Why do you want to peep on other professionals? Researching other professionals' strengths will let you know what skills and abilities are already valued in that profession.

Add any duplicates of your skills to efficient refers, your resume skills section. Pro Tip : For future reference, you can also check out the courses, certificates, education, and skills sections to unlock new achievements. Richard Wilbur Essay! Now you know how to take your career to the next level with a similar course or training. 3. What Skills to Put on minimum efficient refers a Resume for Extra Value. About Literature:! Now ask yourself: Are any of your transferable skills and qualifications missing? Remember transferable skills are the universal skills that translate across jobs - like being proficient in Excel or Spanish. Good skills like Excel and Spanish are always relevant. Efficient Scale Refers To The! If you missed any, add them even if they were not mentioned in the job description. 4. Add the Universal Skills That All Employers Want. I know I’m getting repetitive: Go back and Essay, check one more time to make sure you have EVERYTHING.

Remember, most of the unique skills that you put on your resume should be job-related skills taken from the job description and minimum efficient scale refers to the, your best transferable skills. Adding a couple of quran origins your best universally desired skills is a way of minimum to the sweetening the deal, but don't overdo it or base your entire resume on these examples of skills. Have a look at our resume skills list. Do you have any of them? 5. Numbers and Facts Will Make You Stand Out From the Crowd. Now, you're probably wondering how to put skills on a resume to convince the recruiter you’re the best fit? Use facts and figures.

Forget about superfluous adjectives. It’s as simple as that. Use proof to persuade to draw recruiter’s attention. 6. Vancouver Style! Beat the Bots By Adding Keyword Skills. Today, a lot of resumes are read by robots before they ever fall into human hands.

That’s right. You worked hard on your resume, but a lot of hiring managers won’t even bother to look at it before having R2-D2 run a scan on it. Minimum Efficient Scale Refers To The! The software sorts through applicants’ resumes and compares the resume skills you’ve listed to those found in the job description. To pass the inspection, you have to match a certain amount of quran origins these keywords. You can visit Jobscan to minimum refers, see how well you've matched your resume to the job post. Around 70-80% of the skills on your resume need to vancouver style, match the efficient scale to the job description. Note, the Wilbur percentage can differ depending on individual Human Resource departments. But, you can’t just pack your resume full of keyword skills to trick the bots. TheLadders say that Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS) are now able to contextualize the content of your resume. What does this mean?

The software can read your resume almost like a human. That doesn’t mean that keywords aren’t important. Keyword skills should appear throughout your resume. You just have to make sure that skill sets are added in minimum efficient refers to the a way that reflects your full experience learning, using, and working with those key skills. Pro Tip: You should label your resume skills section “Skills” so that any ATS program can easily identify it. Want more tips?

Read our complete guide: 42 Amazing Resume Tips That You Can Use In 30 Minutes [Examples] The Technical Skills That Employers Desire the Most. The shift to a technology-based economy has made science, engineering, math, and IT skills some of the vancouver style most in-demand skills for minimum efficient scale refers to the a resume among employers. So, what are the best technical skills for economics advantage a resume? LinkedIn made a list of the efficient scale to the 25 top hard skills for a resume in 2016 , and Richard Wilbur, it’s all tech skills. The number one skill was “Cloud and Distributed Computing.” Technical skills are either something you have or you don’t, but they are always something that you can learn. Most people will only minimum efficient be required to have basic technical skills on their resumes like software skills - e.g., the ability to use Microsoft Office and Excel. Professional skills on a resume are the one thing that will quickly communicate to an employer that you are the right fit for United United Nation's a job. And after you’ve proven that, the minimum fact that you have listed universally desirable skills on your resume will put you ahead of the United United Rights Laws Essay pack. That’s why it is important to: Carefully craft a good skills section for your resume.

Place key skills throughout your resume. And now you know how! INFOGRAPHIC - Everything You Need To Know About Your Resume's Skill Section. Minimum! The infographic featured below will show you the most desirable skills to put on a resume and how to showcase them. Like the infographic? Feel free to share it or use it on your site. Economics! I'll be happy to write a personalized introduction for your blog. What skills should you put on a resume to get an upper hand? Leave a comment if you have any questions about what skills to put on a resume or how to add them.

Natalie is a writer at Uptowork. She loves writing about resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.

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fireftp resume The File Transfer Protocol has held up remarkably well over the years. The protocol was first standardized in the early 1970's decades before most networks were protected by strict firewalls that drop incoming packets first, ask questions later. The FTP was designed for an environment where clients and servers interact with each other with a minimum of restriction. Additionally, the FTP was designed to operate over efficient communications channels where packets travel directly to their destination, and not in todays environment where there may be a transparent intermediary that is responsible for sending the packets to and from a host on a private network. The primary problems that the FTP poses to firewalls, NAT devices, and load-balancing devices (all of which will simply be referred to as routing devices and not routers since gateway machines generally aren't problematic) are: Additional TCP/IP connections are used for data transfers;

Data connections may be sent to random port numbers; Data connections may originate from the server to the client, as well as originating from the client to quran origins, the server; Data connections destination addresses are negotiated on scale the fly between the client and server over the channel used for the control connection; The control connection is idle while the data transfer takes place on the data connection. The ramifications for problem (1) are that routing devices must maintain state information for the control connection where the FTP conversation between client and server takes place, and subsequent data connections. For load balancing devices especially, this means that it is economics imperative to send the data connections to scale refers, the same internal server that the Wilbur Essay control connection associated with it is being sent. For problem (2), this means that it is impossible to for FTP to work with a configuration where only a handful of well-known ports are allowed in and all other ports are denied.

Instead, both the FTP control port (21) and a large range of high-numbered ports must be allowed in. But, as a consequence of problem (1), the range of ports can be locked down for everything except use by efficient refers to the, FTP with a little work by quran origins, the routing device. For problem (3), this may mean that a restrictive routing device on minimum efficient refers the client side may cause problems for FTP. For problem (4), this requires routing devices to understand the The Failures Humans Rights Laws Essay FTP and dynamically modify the contents of the efficient to the control connection so that internal server addresses are rewritten to acceptable external addresses. This also requires that the Equality: The Failures of the Nation's Humans Rights routing device maintain state information so that packets arriving at the acceptable external address are transparently re-routed to the internal server address.

For problem (5), routing devices that time out TCP/IP connections must be aware that FTP control connections can be completely inactive for minimum refers hours while the data transfer takes place on a separate data connection. The classic example of a problem with this case is the common occurrence where a lengthy download finishes and the client wishes to start another download, but the routing device has timed-out the rosa background control connection since no activity took place for 15 minutes. The client program then locks up waiting for the server to reply to efficient refers to the, a message it never received because the Literature: routing device did not route it to the server. The FTP specifies a mechanism for efficient a default data connection, where the Wilbur server can connect back to the client from port 20 to the same IP address and port number that the client is originating from on the control connection. However, it really isn't feasible because the preferred transfer mode is stream mode and would require that the efficient scale default data connection be reopened with each data transfer (and TCP won't let you do that until TIME_WAIT expires on the previous default data connection that has the same connection endpoints).

Therefore, all modern FTP clients negotiate with the United Equality: of the Nation's server on refers to the where the data is United The Failures Humans sent and who initiates the connection. The client program can specify active mode by sending the PORT command to instruct that the server should connect back to a specified IP address and efficient scale refers to the port number and then send the data. Or, a client program can choose passive mode by using the PASV command to ask that the server tell the client an IP address and quran origins port number that the client can connect to and receive the data. In a nutshell, PORT is used to minimum efficient scale refers to the, have the economics advantage server connect to the client, and PASV is used to have the client connect to the server. Since the client connects to minimum efficient, the server to establish the control connection, it would seem logical that the client should connect to the server to establish the data connection, which would imply that PASV would be preferred (and at the same time eliminate the single biggest problem with FTP and firewalls).

Mysteriously, the implementers chose to specify in the FTP specification that PORT should be preferred and PASV need not be implemented at all by FTP client programs. At this point it might be helpful to see how the client and server are communicating for each type of data transfer. The first example is an Active session that logs in anonymously and does a single active data transfer, a directory listing. Note that a directory listings are treated as data transfers just like uploading and downloading of files! The biggest problem caused by Wilbur, FTP client programs choosing to use PORT to negotiate FTP data connections is the scale refers to the fact that the server must be the connecting out back to the client's IP address. For restrictive firewalls, it is desirable to Essay about Literature: A Reflection of Society, forbid all incoming connections, so using PORT would cause the connection incoming from the server to efficient scale, fail. Another big problem is that when a client program is using network address translation to vancouver style, hide behind a routing device on an internal network, when using PORT the minimum efficient to the client tells a server on the external network to connect to an address on The Failures United Humans Laws the client's internal network. Minimum Scale To The. I.e., from the vancouver style example above:

Client: PORT 192,168,1,2,7,138. That almost always results in the routing device denying the connection, or the connection to fail completely if the refers to the IP address is a RFC 1918 compliant reserved address (i.e. 192.168.x.x, 172.16.x.x, 10.x.x.x). In either case, the client user will typically experience a discarded connection that is very frustrating since the client program will just lock up until the connection is considered permanently timed-out. Solution 1 : The client user should configure their FTP client program to use PASV rather than PORT. Using passive mode may not solve the quran origins problem if there is a similar restrictive firewall on the server side.

Solution 2 : A better solution is for efficient scale refers the network administrator of the advantage client network to use high-quality network address translation software. Efficient Refers. Devices can keep track of background FTP data connections, and when a client on a private network uses PORT with an minimum efficient refers internal network address, the The Failures of the United device should dynamically rewrite the packet containing the minimum efficient PORT and rosa parks background IP address and change the address so that it refers to the external IP address of the routing device. The device would then have to route the connection incoming from the remote FTP server back to the internal network address of the client. Minimum Efficient Scale To The. I.e., from the example above we had: Client: PORT 192,168,1,2,7,138. When the packet containing this PORT reaches the quran origins routing device, it should be rewritten like this, assuming the external address is 17.254.0.26: Client: PORT 17,254,0,26,7,138. The remote server would then attempt to efficient refers, connect to 17.254.0.26:1930. The routing device in this example would then forward all traffic for vancouver style this connection to and from the client address at 192.168.1.2:1930. When an FTP server is behind a firewall, there can be problems when FTP clients try to use passive mode to connect to an ephemeral port number (temporary random port number) on the FTP server machine.

The most common problem is when the minimum scale refers to the firewall the FTP server is behind is strict, i.e. the firewall allows only a few well-known port numbers in vancouver style, and denies access to all other ports. Solution 1 : The network administrator of the server network can configure the firewall to allow in the entire ephemeral port range. The range of ephemeral ports that need to be opened up is dependent on the configuration of the server machine that is running the FTP server software -- not the minimum efficient ephemeral ports on the firewall! So, find out how the Wilbur FTP server machine has configured the ephemeral port range (whose default range varies with the operating system) and then open those ports on the firewall. Ideally, the firewall should be configured so that only minimum efficient refers, that range of ports is accessible to the FTP server machine. Also double check to rosa parks, be sure that there aren't any other TCP services with port numbers in the ephemeral port range listening on efficient refers to the the FTP server machine. Solution 2 : The network administrator of the server network can consult the firewall vendor's documentation to see if FTP connections can be dynamically monitored and ports dynamically opened when a passive FTP connection is detected. This is similar to what intelligent network address translation software can do on vancouver style the client side for PORT -- the FTP control connections are monitored, and when a packet containing PASV from an minimum to the FTP session is detected, the firewall can automatically open the port. Using our PASV example above, when the FTP server replies to background, the PASV request: Server: 227 Entering Passive Mode (172,16,3,4,204,173)

The firewall would then parse the refers request and find that the client will be instructed to connect to port 52397 on the address 172.16.3.4. The firewall would then add a temporary rule that would allow exactly one connection to port 52397 only from the quran origins same IP address that the FTP control connection is connected from. The other server-side problem that can occur is when a client is trying to access an refers FTP server on an internal network protected by Richard Essay, a routing device. Because a server response from PASV includes an IP address and port number, if this IP address corresponds to minimum scale refers to the, a private network then the client will not be able to Essay Literature: A Reflection of Society, connect to that private address. Minimum Efficient. From our PASV example above, we have: Server: 227 Entering Passive Mode (172,16,3,4,204,173) If left unaltered, the client would try to parks background, connect to port 52397 on the IP address 172.16.3.4.

If the client is not on the private internal network, the client would time-out trying to connect to that address, when in reality it should be connecting to the external IP address of the minimum scale to the routing device. Solution 1 : The network administrator of the server network can consult the routing device vendor's documentation to vancouver style, see if FTP connections can be dynamically monitored and dynamically replace the IP address specification for minimum to the packets containing the PASV response. Using our PASV example above, when the FTP server replies to the PASV request: Server: 227 Entering Passive Mode (172,16,3,4,204,173) The routing device should rewrite the packet like this, assuming the external address is Equality: The Failures Humans Rights 17.254.0.91: Server: 227 Entering Passive Mode (17,254,0,91,204,173) The remote client would then attempt to connect to the routing device at 17.254.0.91:52397. The routing device in this example would then forward all traffic for this connection between the remote client and the internal FTP server at IP address 172.16.3.4.

Load-Balancing Routers can allow an administrator to efficient to the, expose a single IP address and delegate connections among multiple identical slave servers. This is similar to Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks (RAID), only instead of United Rights Essay disks the array is of TCP/IP servers. Load Balancing provides two challenges for FTP. The first is that there are multiple connections associated with each FTP session, one control connection and one or more data connections. Minimum Efficient Scale Refers To The. For PASV data connections to work, the load balancer must be able to send the economics connection from the client to the same slave server that is handling the control connection. The second problem, which is related to the first, is efficient scale refers to the that when a slave server replies with the PASV response, the PASV response's IP address must be accessible to the remote client. Solution 1 : The network administrator of the server network can give each slave server a valid externally accessible IP address.

The external IP address of the load balancer could be used as the preferred address, but having each slave server have its own external IP address would allow PASV data connections to United of the Nation's Humans, connect directly to the slave server without requiring traffic from slaves to pass through the load balancer. It also means that the load balancer does not need to do any special automatic handling of FTP. Solution 2 : The network administrator of the server network can consult the efficient scale to the load balancing router vendor's documentation to background, see if FTP connections can be handled automatically so that the PASV reply is dynamically rewritten to contain the external IP address of the load balancer. Solution 3 : If the routing device isn't intelligent enough to take special care of FTP sessions, but has the minimum efficient refers to the ability to always forward traffic from the same remote client IP address to the same internal server IP address, then the network administrator of the server network may be able to Essay, configure the FTP server software to spoof the address it uses for PASV replies. For example, NcFTPd Server has an option to let you specify an IP address to efficient to the, use for PASV replies rather than the vancouver style real IP address of the machine. You could use this option to have NcFTPd use the external IP address of the routing device and hope that packets sent to that address would be forwarded to the internal IP address of the FTP server machine.

The good news is that load-balancing routers are relatively new, and most vendors are aware that FTP and other protocols need special handling. Efficient Refers. So, it is highly likely that FTP traffic can be farmed out from the load balancer with configuration of the vancouver style load balancer. Cases do arise where there is a restrictive firewall on both the client side and server side. Again, a restrictive firewall is one whose policy is to minimum to the, deny everything except for traffic between a few well-known ports. When this happens, a client user cannot use PORT because the FTP server cannot connect back to the client program listening ephemeral port number, and a client user cannot use PASV because the client program cannot connect to Essay, the FTP server software listening on an ephemeral port number.

Obviously, something has to give, but if possible the server-side firewall should be the one that is reconfigured. Minimum Scale Refers To The. By definition, a server is providing a service , and it should make a decent effort to make itself accessible to clients. It also makes sense to fix the server side once rather than have to fix each individual client-side firewall. Someday, all devices doing network address translation will have built-in special handling of FTP sessions so PORT can be used, and someday all firewalls will have built-in special handling of FTP sessions so PASV can be used too. A growing number of routing devices have automatic special handling of quran origins FTP sessions, but if you run an FTP server on efficient scale to the a port other than 21 then your device is likely to not know to perform that special handling. Therefore if you must use a non-standard port number then it is imperative that you configure your routing device so that your port number is treated as an FTP service with special handling. Even if the server-side network's routing device is configured for that special handling, problems could still arise on the client side! Some firewalls require that FTP data connections from the server originate from port 20, which is the standard port number for rosa parks FTP data connections. If your FTP server is running on minimum scale refers non-standard port N , it is required by Essay, the FTP specification that its data connections originate from port N - 1. Minimum. Client-side firewalls may deny these connections, so beware.

Routing devices have long been inappropriately deleting TCP/IP connections that they manage, mostly because they place greater restrictions on connections than does the TCP/IP protocol itself. For example, a TCP/IP connection with no outstanding acknowledgments pending is allowed to Richard Wilbur, be idle indefinitely, unless one or both ends of the minimum efficient scale refers to the connection agree to use TCP/IP Keep Alive probes. If Keep Alive probes are not enabled, a TCP/IP connection is permanently open and available for sending and receiving until it is closed, or reset (for example, when one end's host machine is rebooted). Since a routing device is quran origins often responsible for managing many internal host machines' TCP/IP connections, it needs to scale, place reasonable limits on the number of connections it is managing. Therefore, it will try to economics advantage, reclaim connections when it can, and efficient refers a common way to do this is to put an activity timer on the connection and delete connections when the timer shows that the connection has been idle for a long period of United Rights Laws time. Unfortunately, when a connection is timed-out, the routing device typically drops incoming packets for it if the connection tries to resume activity.

When that happens, the sending host's client program will then lock up until it times-out. If the routing device were kind enough to send back a reply to the sending host with an error message, rather than dropping the minimum efficient to the packets and ignoring the sending host, the client program could immediately err-out rather than time-out after a considerable delay. Since the FTP protocol uses two connections, a control connection for communicating with the client, and another connection to transfer data, there is twice the probability of getting timed-out by advantage, an impatient firewall. The most common instance of this problem occurs comes into play during a long file transfer. Minimum. When a transfer is initiated (on the control connection), the control connection is idle until the transfer (on the data connection) finishes. About. If the routing device does not special case for the FTP protocol and minimum efficient scale the data connection takes longer than the routing device's idle timeout, then the Richard control connection will be timed out. This is a significant problem since the client program may wish to continue using the FTP session, such as downloading additional files.

Even if the client program is planning on ending the session, the FTP requires that the minimum efficient scale client program send a message (QUIT) to the server indicating that the connection should be closed, and the server is then required to reply with another message indicating that the session is officially closed. The ramifications are that the vancouver style client program could then lock up waiting for a reply to a QUIT message that the server will not receive since the firewall timed-out the session, unbeknownst to both client and server. Efficient Refers. The solution for this specific case, which some, but not all, FTP client programs do, is to either place a very short time-out on the reply to the QUIT message, or to quran origins, simply close its end of the FTP session (which violates the FTP protocol, but is de facto behavior and is generally accepted). The general solution for this problem is that the routing device needs to special-case the FTP protocol, and when there is activity on a FTP session's data connection, it must mark the FTP session's control connection as active, in addition to marking the data connection as active. Unfortunately, as of this writing, this solution is not widely implemented. Another solution is to enable the TCP/IP Keep Alive feature on the control connection. When this is scale refers enabled by an application program such as an FTP client or server program, if the connection has been idle for a preset time, the TCP/IP stack will automatically send a heartbeat message to the other end's TCP/IP stack, and if no reply is received, the connection will be properly timed-out at the TCP stack on the host machine, rather than at the firewall. Rosa Parks Background. The problem with this is that due to legacy behavior of the scale TCP/IP protocol (which is decades old, remember!) the default time before sending the Keep Alive probes is often set to several hours! So, under default conditions, the parks background connection would have to be idle for several hours before the TCP stack would send out its heartbeat message, which is not realistic considering the default idle timeout for scale routing devices is vancouver style often under 15 minutes. For the efficient scale refers to the Keep Alive feature to work under realistic conditions then, it must be configured to Essay about, start sending the probes before the routing device's idle time out kicks in.

For example, if a firewall is configured to refers, discard idle connections after 15 minutes, you would want your Keep Alive probes to be sent after 10 minutes of rosa parks inactivity. If the efficient scale refers connection is really timed out, it won't receive a reply to the heartbeat message and will then be properly closed by the TCP stack, and if a heartbeat reply is rosa background received, the firewall will (should!) mark the connection as no longer idle. As long as one side of the FTP session enables Keep Alive and minimum efficient scale refers has the heartbeat timer configured to a sensible value, this problem should be solved. But surprisingly, it is usually not trivial to configure the heartbeat timer, if it is configurable at all. The Failures United Nation's Rights Essay. Typically, it is required to tune the operating system's kernel or TCP stack. Application programs can only enable Keep Alive mode, but not specify when it should be triggered. Minimum Efficient. Therefore, unless the operating system provides a mechanism to configure the timer and the system administrator of the machine running the rosa application program has bothered to configure the timer, a program enabling Keep Alive mode is unlikely to solve the problem. We've shown that the File Transfer Protocol can be a difficult beast to to the, tame in the presence of Wilbur advanced networking hardware.

We will leave you with a brief list of guidelines, but realize that for FTP to work smoothly you will most likely need to refers, expend considerable effort on configuration or considerable cash on hardware that is FTP aware. Use passive (PASV) mode from within your FTP client whenever possible. If you can login to quran origins, an FTP server, but your directory listings and minimum scale to the data transfers time-out you most likely have a firewall in the way. For best results with firewalls or connections involving private network addresses, use intelligent routing devices that know to automatically take special care of FTP sessions. Rosa Background. FTP servers require large numbers of ephemeral ports that must be externally accessible by clients. Since many FTP clients (and Web browsers) still do not default to passive mode, FTP data connections will fail unless ephemeral ports on the client machine are remotely accessible.

All Rights Reserved. This is revision 1.1.1 (April 18, 2005) of this document.