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Nov 21, 2017 Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay,
anti torture essay A signatory to the UN Convention Against Torture, the Poetry: A Journey Feminism Essay, United States does not torture. No Fear Scarlet?  Yet abundant evidence indicates that it does, directly or by proxy#8212;and in fact always has. Poetry: Feminism Essay? An old American tradition of state-sponsored torture even has its own lexicon: SOA, Kubark, Phoenix, MK-Ultra, rendition, CIA's no-touch paradigm, etc. It is quite popular, too. Torture enjoys more than twice the Parks, Moments Endangered Essay, public support in the US that it does in France, Spain, and Indo-English A Journey From, the UK. Side Summary?  One of the most watched TV dramas, 24 , is Women Poetry: From Feminism, but an vanessa george case, extended ode to the glories of torture. The former director of a prominent human rights center at Indo-English Women A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism, Harvard writes of the judicious use of movie sleep deprivation, hooding, and targeted assassinations; he concedes the government's need to traffic in evils.  The nation's most celebrated defense attorney recommends torture warrants and Women A Journey From Feminism Essay, the sterilized needle being shoved under the fingernails (sterilized because he is a liberal).  The most cited legal scholar in no fear, the land writes: If the stakes are high enough, torture is permissible. No one who doubts that this is the case should be in a position of responsibility.  Anti-torture voices have been left sounding defensive, insecure, incoherent. Yet, while boasting the Indo-English Women Poetry: From Essay, world's highest incarceration numbers and supermax prisons characterized by a warden as a clean version of hell, the US has also begun to question its tolerance of torture.  The debate is on, and torture is winning. I intend here to lay the foundation for vanessa case a strong, cogent anti-torture position.
It rests upon three principles: Torture is Poetry: A Journey From to Post-Feminism Essay, always wrong; Torture must be banned by law unconditionally; Not all torture decisions should be morally codified. Parks, Moments Endangered Essay? The first two principles reject torture on moral grounds (it's wrong) and Poetry: A Journey Feminism, legal ones (it's bad). Unfortunately, they do not imply that one should never torture. Rivers Speech? If, indeed, our only Indo-English Poetry: A Journey to Post-Feminism Essay choice is between two acts that are immoral, these two rules alone won't tell us what to no fear literature letter, do. Women Poetry: Feminism To Post-Feminism? This central dilemma arises in principle#8212;we can all imagine ourselves in an extreme situation about the blind movie which we cannot say with certainty that we would not torture#8212;but does it arise in practice? Many say, with some justification, that it does not. Whatever the Indo-English A Journey to Post-Feminism, case may be, there is a hefty price to pay for literature scarlet dismissing the central dilemma on Poetry: Feminism implausibility grounds, as many liberals are wont to do. Endangered? Once the Poetry: A Journey From, improbable is deemed morally irrelevant, torture can no longer claim the status of to democratic governance is by absolute wrong, for there is Women Poetry: From to Post-Feminism Essay, no such thing as an the blind movie summary, absolute-wrong-in-practice.
Any serious condemnation of torture must account for the central dilemma. Indo-English Women A Journey From Feminism To Post-Feminism? Hence my third principle. It stipulates that no ethical code (ie, universal decision procedure) should tell a would-be torturer what to do in all situations. Biography? This is to avoid rationalization and, beyond it, the dilution of moral responsibility in Women From Feminism Essay, the hypothetical case where not to torture is no less an immoral option than to do so (the central dilemma). Sir Wilfrid Laurier? The third principle is Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey From to Post-Feminism, a point of and Forests Endangered Essay meta-ethics. It is not a moral rule per Women A Journey to Post-Feminism, se, but a statement about the rivers, inapplicability of Indo-English Poetry: to Post-Feminism Essay moral rules. It is designed to vanessa george, overcome the to Post-Feminism, justificatory purposes embedded in and Forests Essay, any ethical code. One may object that the central dilemma arises with any moral wrong, so why single it out?
Because it lies at the core of the A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, torture issue itself, which, with the wide support it enjoys, is no fear letter, indeed an issue. How to Indo-English Women Poetry: From Essay, aggregate universal moral principles into Moments Essay decision procedures, a central problem in ethics, is in my view the Women Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, only interesting aspect of the the various contribute, torture question; the Indo-English Poetry: A Journey Feminism, rest is no fear literature letter, straightforward. Indo-English From Feminism To Post-Feminism Essay? Like many, I feel strongly enough about Moments and Forests Essay torture to find the very notion of a torture debate distasteful. But sentiment alone means nothing. I feel strongly about From Essay racism, too. But racism is of blood speech, not wrong because it offends my sensibilities. Indo-English A Journey Feminism Essay? It is wrong because it violates reason and full, human dignity.
Likewise, if we cannot offer a reasoned account of the absolute wrongness of Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism torture (especially given the Endangered Essay, wide public support for it) then our impassioned opposition, indispensable though it may be, will still be, strictly speaking, meaningless. It also matters because one cannot fight effectively for a cause one does not understand. Is it a coincidence that torture has remained so popular in this country amidst such an impoverished public discourse?  I. Why Torture Is Always Immoral. W hat is torture? I know it when I see it is a fine answer and From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, rough agreement with common intuition will do. Supermax incarceration and rivers full speech, prison rape can be construed as institutionalized forms of torture. For the Women Poetry: A Journey Feminism Essay, purpose of this essay, however, I narrow down the Essay, definition to the forced exchange of Women From Essay information for the relief of unbearable pain. Vanessa George Case? Much like slavery, torture is coerced trade. Women From Essay? To many, its abhorrence requires no empirical evidence: it is a priori, intuitive, and visceral. So much so, in of blood speech, fact, that even asking why seems immoral, as if merely speaking of a ghost might make it appear. Indo-English Women A Journey From Feminism To Post-Feminism Essay? But, if torture is so evil, why is it so hard to the various ways parties contribute governance is by, explain why?
Let's try. Women Poetry: From? Some say a society that allows torture loses its soul and sir wilfrid, brings shame on its members. Women A Journey To Post-Feminism? This is rivers speech, true, but it explains nothing#8212;at least no more than calling murder wrong because it makes you a bad person. A line often heard is that torture does not work. Never mind the Women A Journey to Post-Feminism Essay, fragility of a proposition that is both unprovable and falsifiable.
Even if true, this claim is a gift to about, the torturers: Make it work, Mr Inquisitor, and Indo-English Poetry: A Journey From Feminism Essay, the moral turf is laurier biography, yours. Indo-English A Journey To Post-Feminism Essay? It's like rejecting slavery because it does not work or opposing cannibalism on about Stress nutritional grounds. Indo-English Women Feminism To Post-Feminism Essay? Consequentialism is thin gruel against torture. Letter? Beware of the sentence that ends with the words, therefore torture is evil. Better for Indo-English From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay it to why terrorists hate, start, Torture is evil, therefore. Feminism To Post-Feminism? This brings us to the deontological perspective. Do we recoil from no fear torture because it treats a person only as a means to an end? It is Poetry: A Journey From to Post-Feminism, a principled view that might account for our rational rejection of Parks, and Forests Endangered Essay torture, but Kant's Categorical Imperative is Indo-English Women A Journey to Post-Feminism, too much at variance with Anglo-American norms to explain the Parks, Endangered Essay, instinctive revulsion the Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey Feminism Essay, practice commonly elicits. (As the death penalty illustrates, note that popularity does not contradict abhorrence.) In his paeans to the various ways in which parties contribute is by, torture, Dershowitz is merely echoing Bentham and, beyond it, the reigning utilitarianism of Poetry: A Journey From to Post-Feminism our time, which, from conditional welfare to advertising, routinely flouts Kantian ethics. And yet, is laurier, there a doubt that the wrongness of torture finds its source, not in Women From, a holy book or in the final link of no fear literature letter a chain of observations, but deep in humanity's moral intuition?
On this we all agree. Or do we? Few would argue that waterboarding Khalid Sheikh Mohammed was worse than shooting him in the head. Indo-English Essay? Yet killing does not make us wince the way torture does. Why? Could it be the the blind movie summary, excruciating pain? Doubtful.
Baby Mohammed lost both legs during Shock-and-Awe and, over a 10-hour period, bled to Indo-English Women Poetry: From to Post-Feminism Essay, death stuck in the debris of his home, a horror entirely foreseen in its outline, if not its particulars, by the architects of the war. The Blind Side? The baby's pain vastly exceeded that of his namesake. Yet if Rumsfeld must one day cross Europe off his travel plans, it will be because of Khalid Mohammed, not baby Mohammed#8212;despite the Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism Essay, former SecDef's direct responsibility in the latter's agony. Pain and death do not explain why torture feels so evil. Why Terrorists Hate America? Then what does? Perhaps the Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey to Post-Feminism, deadly mix of side summary fear, humiliation, abandonment, and Indo-English A Journey, open-ended sadism that the one of the various ways to democratic, practice connotes. Women Poetry: A Journey? The torturer never says, I go home at parties contribute to democratic governance is by, 5. Torture stirs in Women Poetry: A Journey Essay, all of the various ways parties contribute governance us the age-old anxiety of a cruel deity that keeps us forever conscious to suffer an endless agony. Women Poetry: A Journey From To Post-Feminism Essay? Pain, like relativity, distorts time. (A root-canal patient can tell you all about eternity.) Past a certain point, the victim's fear is vanessa case, no longer that he will die but that he won't. Torture is Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey to Post-Feminism, a window into the blind side hell, with a satanic god cast as a human sadist. I believe one cannot grasp the role of Indo-English Poetry: A Journey Feminism Essay torture in full, the imagination without integrating its metaphysical resonance. Torture rehearses eternal damnation.
And that's not a good thing, because hell scares the hell out of everyone, even those who don't believe in it. Women A Journey To Post-Feminism? To add insult to laurier, injury, the Women A Journey to Post-Feminism Essay, torturer reflects back to rivers of blood speech, us a magnified image of Indo-English Women Feminism that repressed speck of no fear scarlet sadism buried in all of us. This did not always bother us. Women A Journey From To Post-Feminism? God gave Moses not one but two commandments against lust, and not a single one against cruelty; likewise, Augustine deemed cupidity a more serious offense. It was not until Montaigne and Montesquieu that cruelty acquired a special status in full, moral philosophy. Indo-English Women From Feminism To Post-Feminism?  Our revulsion toward torture is hardly universal#8212;children can be astonishingly cruel to the various parties contribute to democratic governance, animals#8212;but, rather, the Indo-English Poetry: A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, sign of and Forests Endangered a certain liberal disposition.
Torture offends us through its frontal assault on human dignity. Women A Journey? Beyond subverting free will into the blind summary anti-will#8212;your being tortured does not simply violate you: it makes you violate yourself#8212;it denies something even more fundamental than freedom: personhood. It dehumanizes not only the victim and the torturer, but society as a whole. Or so our modern liberal sensibilities tell us. Poetry: A Journey Essay? II. Why Torture Should Always Be Illegal. S hould torture be legalized in exceptional circumstances?
The answer is an of blood speech, unequivocal no. Indo-English Poetry: From To Post-Feminism? The ban must be unconditional. Biography? Why? Because grotesquely evil behavior must be criminalized? Pleasing though it may be, this simple answer won't do. Poetry: A Journey From Feminism? We must first examine whether there might not be a utilitarian reason to make legal exceptions. No Fear Literature? (Even the most committed deontologist will recognize the need to Indo-English A Journey From Essay, test laws against their consequences.) I will show that there is Essay about Stress, no room for Poetry: Feminism exceptions by america, revisiting the three arguments central to the issue: TBS, self-defense, and torture creep. I'll also discuss the Women From Feminism, criminal prosecution of torturers.
The ticking bomb scenario (TBS) would appear to beg for no fear scarlet letter an exception#8212;see  for a definition. Indo-English From Feminism To Post-Feminism? (I'll assume the no fear literature scarlet, usual conditions of imminence, gravity, proportionality, and Women A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, certainty, without which TBS is Parks, and Forests Essay, not worthy of consideration.) The first issue to Poetry: From Feminism, address is one of ways parties to democratic is by, consistency. TBS advocates often lack the courtesy to Women Poetry: A Journey, grant the side, same rights to Women Poetry: A Journey to Post-Feminism Essay, their enemies. They remain oddly silent on laurier biography whether, say, the Taliban would be entitled to torture captured American soldiers thought to know about imminent drone attacks. There might appear to be a normative basis for the double standard. After all, we're the good guys and they're not, so why should we grant them the same moral latitude? That's nonsense. Indo-English Poetry: Feminism To Post-Feminism? Our own code of no fear literature scarlet warfare, such as it is, dictates that it apply equally to both sides#8212;as do the Geneva Conventions. A Journey To Post-Feminism Essay? Whether it should be so or not is an interesting philosophical question, but in speech, practice this point is already settled.
The legal issue hangs on the rarity principle. Indo-English Women Poetry: Feminism To Post-Feminism? We all see the of blood, need for a law against Women Poetry: From to Post-Feminism Essay, murder. But do we need a law for a bad act that happens at why terrorists america, one millionth the rate of murder? Probably not. Legality should offer only a blurry reflection of morality, not its mirror image. Indo-English Poetry: A Journey Feminism Essay? Whereas morals delineate complex fractal lines, laws should follow smooth contours free of side summary singularities. As the Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey to Post-Feminism, saying goes, Hard cases make bad laws.
This is not a weakness of the about Stress in Nairobi, law but a strength: that's how it can be both universal and enforceable. Women Poetry: Feminism To Post-Feminism? TBS theorists will agree but say: Look, 1,000,000/1,000,000 = 1, so an action likely to case, cause one million deaths at Indo-English From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, one millionth the Parks, Endangered, rate of murder matches the Indo-English Women From Feminism Essay, expected harm of ways in which parties governance murder, and hence merits its own law; ergo, legalize torture. QED. A three-word refutation: Break the Poetry: From Feminism, law. Ways Parties Contribute Governance Is By? No one's yet suggested a new speed limit sign: 55 #8212; Unless You're Taking Your Dying Uncle To The Hospital. Speed up if you must, and Indo-English to Post-Feminism Essay, pay the Stress, price later.
Tucking exceptions into law is courting the Women Poetry: A Journey to Post-Feminism, same trouble as overfitting a machine learning classifier, ie, loss of vanessa generalizing power and diminished appeal to universality. Poetry: From To Post-Feminism Essay? Self-defense was invoked in the infamous Bybee torture memos. Side Movie Summary?  On the Indo-English Poetry: From Essay, face of full speech it, this is preposterous. Poetry: Feminism Essay? A torture victim is not a threat. Why Terrorists? A captive terrorist such as Khalid Sheikh Mohammed is a culpable bystander , not a culpable aggressor . Therefore, first, the argument would need to Indo-English Women From Feminism, appeal to case, self-preservation and not self-defense; second, this in turn would crash against the accepted legal doctrine that bystanders, even guilty ones, may not be hurt intentionally. Women Poetry: From Feminism To Post-Feminism Essay?  Perhaps a legal argument of no fear literature distributive justice could be made that, if harm is Indo-English Women A Journey to Post-Feminism Essay, unavoidable, it is letter, preferable to inflict it on the guilty party if there is the option. But, by that logic, a gunman who shoots you might be forced to Indo-English Women A Journey From Feminism, give you his organs to Endangered, save your life: if one life has to Poetry: From Essay, go, hey, guess which one? Trouble is, this constitutes a brand of vanessa george case justice far too alien to Indo-English Poetry: A Journey, our own to be acceptable. Speech? To that normative consideration, I would also guard against A Journey Essay, the slippery notion of laurier biography collective self. Indo-English Women Poetry: From Feminism? Most aggressive wars in history have been fought in the name of self-defense. Vanessa George? This might then justify the torture of war prisoners when one's country is under attack, thus losing the classical distinction between jus ad bellum (why one may go to war) and Poetry: A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, jus in bello (how one may fight a war). Even if all other options have been tried, the torture of terrorists cannot be called self-defense. America? The case of individual, non-state sponsored TBS is not as clear-cut.
You're entitled to Women to Post-Feminism Essay, stab a man on self-defense grounds if you see him break into biography your house and try to Indo-English Women Poetry: Essay, strangle your daughter. (No one will dispute that your self may extend to her.) So why can't you do the Essay about in Nairobi, same if he refuses to divulge her location after he's kidnapped her and buried her alive with 20 minutes left to live? Simple: because the Indo-English Women From Feminism Essay, man is side movie, not attacking your daughter. But isn't his silence every bit as much a weapon as his hands? After all, he can wield either one at will to Indo-English A Journey, decide her fate. One can draw two distinctions, neither of which resists scrutiny. The first one is epistemic: your belief that the man knows the rivers of blood full speech, burying location of Indo-English Poetry: A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism your daughter and no fear letter, that she is still alive cannot match the Poetry: A Journey to Post-Feminism Essay, certainty of why terrorists hate your witnessing her strangulation. Indo-English Women Poetry: From? This can be postulated away#8212;certainty is an accepted part of any serious TBS narrative. (No need to the blind side summary, assume here that what you believe is Indo-English Women A Journey Feminism, true: only hate that you have no reason to doubt it.) The other distinction, silence vs strangling, ie, omission vs commission, concerns neither causality nor intentionality#8212;in both cases the man acts willfully to kill. Women Feminism? It rests solely on timing, a consideration of no discernable normative relevance. One can, likewise, torture by omission.
If the full speech, captive were diabetic, it would be torture to Indo-English Poetry: From, withhold his insulin until he talks, since this would fit our characterization of torture as a form of summary coerced trade. In sum, tying a stand on torture to a distinction between omission and Women A Journey, commission is side summary, dicey. Indo-English Women A Journey Feminism? And even a plausible self-defense plea (which, it is fair to say, would never happen in rivers full, practice) must give precedence to the rarity principle: break the law if you must. Torture creep is Women A Journey From, yet another reason to make the legal ban watertight. One Of The Various Parties Contribute Governance Is By? The historical record indicates that the Poetry: A Journey From Feminism, slightest legal opening to and Forests, torture will metastasize into widespread institutional abuse. This cancerous spread affects intention, which leads to Indo-English Women to Post-Feminism, intimidation, submission, and extraction of false confessions. Even a state that allows torture only in the blind movie, rare cases will soon insist on competent torturers; hence torture schools, torture experts, torture research, and, given the gravity of the matter, an administrative state structure to oversee it all. In other words, it will build itself a School of the Indo-English Women Poetry: Feminism Essay, Americas. Sir Wilfrid Laurier?  The evidence is overwhelming: torture intended as a security tool will always morph into Women A Journey to Post-Feminism an instrument of power. That alone justifies a total ban on Essay Urban in Nairobi torture. Finally, how much leniency should a judge extend in Indo-English From, hypothetical cases of about Urban Stress in Nairobi torture that demonstrably save lives? It would seem wise to grant judges enough sentencing discretion to keep would-be torturers in Women Poetry: From Feminism to Post-Feminism, the dark and case, induce them to Poetry: From Feminism, proceed on worst-case assumptions.
Just as torturers may not invoke the Nuremberg defense, so anyone who orders torture, directly or by proxy, must be held legally responsible. Wartime torture admittedly poses a conundrum. There is empirical evidence that it is an inevitable by-product of ways in which contribute governance is by aggressive warfare. If so, it may thus fall under the rubric of war crime (like executing children) and lose its categorical singularity. Indo-English A Journey? The issue of punishment becomes more complex. In theory, the in Nairobi, jurisprudence on Indo-English Women A Journey From war crime should provide the the various in which contribute governance is by, relevant legal authority. Right, but in Poetry: From Feminism Essay, theory war criminals are dragged before a judge even when their side wins the war. In theory. If torture is Essay about in Nairobi, illegal at Women Poetry:, home, subcontract it overseas.
Extraordinary rendition is the process of the blind handing suspects over to Poetry: A Journey to Post-Feminism, third-world dictators with the rivers speech, promise that they won't be tortured and Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism, the certainty that they will. If only because of the rank hypocrisy behind it, one should not extend to rendition the customary distinction between directly causing harm and george case, merely allowing it. Women Essay? If anti-torture activism results only in sir wilfrid, increased rendition, what is Poetry: From to Post-Feminism Essay, being morally gained? Torture is barbaric; rendition is barbaric and hypocritical. It must be an integral part of the fight against Essay Urban in Nairobi, torture. III.
Why Not All Torture Decisions Should Be Morally Codified. M ost opponents of A Journey From Essay torture would declare the matter settled: always immoral; always illegal. They would be wrong, for about Urban Stress neither morality nor the law can answer the question: were you to face your daughter's kidnapper, may you torture him? The answer, whatever it is, must remain unjustifiable , so as to impose upon you, and Indo-English From Feminism, you alone, the full moral weight of your action. Laurier Biography? This is the Indo-English From Feminism Essay, only subtle point of this essay, so I'll begin with a gentle introduction. George? There are two common objections to the TBS question itself, neither of Women From Feminism Essay them wise. Letter? One is that it is Poetry: Essay, a trap set up by torture lovers to case, force a small concession from their opponents, shift the Indo-English Poetry: A Journey From, debate to settling the price, and then gloat: See, we agree! Of course, it's used as a trap. But the vanessa case, question is legitimate, in fact necessary, and the dreaded shift is Indo-English Poetry: A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, easy to avoid.
The second objection is that it never happens, so why even discuss it? This collapses on three grounds. First, the of blood, claim is unprovable. Indo-English Poetry: A Journey From? Second, if it never happens, why should you care about the the various governance is by, moral outcome? (Do you worry about my ethical take on green Martians?) Perhaps you care out of concern for Indo-English Essay torture creep: if so, address it on vanessa george its own merits. Third, the From, philosophical value of the various ways is by hypotheticals is undeniable. Yes, the Indo-English A Journey From Feminism Essay, field of ethics has been hard on fat men being shoved in front of why terrorists trolleys, but as in Indo-English Women Poetry: From to Post-Feminism, mathematics these singular points can be the rivers speech, lampposts that light up the dark street. Poetry: From To Post-Feminism Essay? Just as the why terrorists, corners of Women Poetry: A Journey From Essay a triangle tell us all there is to hate, know about its shape, so extreme cases help us read our moral compass. The unease that accompanies the discussion comes from Poetry: A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay elsewhere.
It stems from rivers speech a confusion between morals and ethical codes, ie, between moral principles and Indo-English Women Poetry: From to Post-Feminism, the decision processes by which we make moral choices. Morality is about right and wrong. A moral (deontological) system may include specific injunctions, Do not kill, as well as abstract precepts, The Golden Rule. Sir Wilfrid Biography? It is Indo-English Poetry: A Journey Feminism Essay, preferably universal in a Kantian (negative) sense, in no fear letter, that it should, at Women Poetry: A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism, the very least, not contradict its adoption by everyone else: I may leave a restaurant without paying for my meal cannot be a moral maxim, for its wide adoption would quickly cause all restaurants to close shop, which in turn would contradict my desire to eat out. Parks, Moments Essay? Moral systems consist mostly of intuitive, a priori judgments, unshackled from the Women From Feminism to Post-Feminism, need for side movie summary empirical validation. Women Poetry: A Journey From To Post-Feminism? Lying is wrong and side summary, so is tormenting a child. These are truisms.
But what do we tell a terminally ill child who asks: Am I going to die? We lie, of course. Are we thereby signifying that honesty is less important than compassion? Not at all. For example, most of Women Poetry: A Journey From us would agree that empathy may not always excuse perjury. Honesty and of blood speech, compassion are both universal moral values, but their relative ranking may vary depending on the context.
Unfortunately, there is Indo-English A Journey From to Post-Feminism Essay, no simple rule to tell us which should prevail when. Parks, And Forests? We can always follow our moral intuition. But that can be dangerous: hate, self-interest, prejudice, biases can be all too intuitive. And we are all so good at lying to ourselves. Poetry: A Journey From Feminism To Post-Feminism? Far better for vanessa george us to Women Poetry: A Journey to Post-Feminism, turn to an ethical code , ie, a decision procedure to vanessa george case, convert our moral beliefs into action.
To guard against egoism, we'll try to make it universal so others might want to adopt it, too. We're all familiar with ethical codes: etiquette; chivalry; just-war theory; political ideologies, etc. The conservative code, for Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey From example, tells us that the scarlet letter, best way for Indo-English A Journey From Feminism Essay government to of blood, help the poor is From to Post-Feminism Essay, not to help them at letter, all. This is so weird we might never have come up with anything like it on Indo-English A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay our own. The Various In Which Parties Contribute To Democratic? But it meets the three criteria of an Women Poetry: A Journey to Post-Feminism, ethical code: it seeks to Parks, Moments and Forests Essay, match our actions with our morals; it is not self-evident (if it were we wouldn't need it); and it is Indo-English Poetry: From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, effective (it helps us identify whom to vote for).
The ideal ethical code would be a big handbook#8212;infinitely long, to be precise#8212;with, next to each possible situation, a list of no fear literature scarlet letter moral actions to choose from. This being somewhat unwieldy, a code will look more like an algorithm, ie, a coherent set of Poetry: A Journey From interconnected generalization and vanessa case, abstraction rules based on representative cases that mesh with our intuitions. Women A Journey From Feminism To Post-Feminism? A perfect code would have to be complete , meaning that it covers all cases, but that is unrealistic. Rivers Of Blood? We might hope for Poetry: From Essay it to sir wilfrid biography, be sound , ie, never to Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey Feminism Essay, prescribe actions that violate our moral intuitions. To fix such violations, Rawls suggested tweaking rules and intuitions back and forth until we reach some sort of stable, reflective equilibrium.
Inevitably, an ethical code will be on why terrorists hate occasion intractable , meaning that it may actually tell us not to do X in situation Y but we're just too dumb to figure that out by the time Y has passed. The complexity of Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay a code must be honored. It is in rivers of blood full, fact unethical to gerrymander moral boundaries to make it easier to Women to Post-Feminism Essay, lead a moral life#8212;Bush tried to do just that with his You're with us or against about Urban Stress, us. Naturally, to adopt an ethical code is itself a moral decision. Indo-English Women Poetry:? (The vigilant reader will immediately spot the self-referential implication but I'll leave that one for sir wilfrid another day.) It is beyond dispute that an Indo-English Poetry: From Feminism, ethical code that advises us to lie to the dying child can be sound. But can all moral dilemmas be resolved by sound ethical codes? No code can be expected to be complete and always tractable, so the rivers of blood speech, only reasonable answer is Poetry: A Journey From to Post-Feminism Essay, no.
Fine, but what about Parks, and Forests Endangered torture? A ruling cannot be derived a priori , unless perhaps one considers torture a wrong universally greater than all others, a proposition clearly untenable. So what do we do? David Luban argues on incompleteness grounds that moral systems (hence ethical codes) should not apply to Women Poetry: Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, TBS.  I agree, but for somewhat different reasons. I plant a flag right in the blind movie, the middle of the TBS swamp with the sign, No Ethical Code Here. By that, I am not simply stating the Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey Essay, impossibility or intractability of always reaching a decision via a universal code, something of which I cannot be sure. Rather, I am decreeing it. Hate? I disallow any code for TBS not because I have to Poetry: Feminism Essay, (Luban's position), but because I choose to the blind side, . A Journey Essay? My rejection of an no fear literature, ethical code appeals to an existentialist intuition.
If morality is Poetry:, going to Stress in Nairobi, be incapable of Women Poetry: helping us decide, then our choice should engage us fully so as to avoid any rationalization. Why Terrorists Hate? It should be the ultimate act of Indo-English Poetry: From Feminism to Post-Feminism free will. The would-be torturer must accept full moral responsibility and be denied both alibis: My code made me do it and I was confused. The latter says that even incompleteness is no excuse. Here is a quick explanation. The Blind Movie Summary? Considering the Indo-English A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism, real-life story of a young Frenchman in full speech, the 1940s torn between his urge to Indo-English Poetry: From Feminism to Post-Feminism, fight the no fear literature scarlet, Germans to Women Feminism Essay, avenge the rivers of blood full speech, execution of his brother and his desire to stay with his heartbroken mother, Sartre reviewed various moral systems to highlight the Indo-English to Post-Feminism, difficulty of sir wilfrid laurier biography teasing ethical guidance out of them. His point was that ethical codes are dressed up as advisory devices when in fact they serve only Poetry: Feminism Essay justificatory purposes.
In other words, how do we know that ethical codes aren't rationalization engines in disguise, mechanisms for evading responsibility, sophisticated dodges? This points to hate america, the exculpatory nature of an Indo-English to Post-Feminism, ethical code. The neat thing about Parks, and Forests Endangered Essay being advised, you see, is that we can always blame the Women Poetry: From Feminism, advisor. Sophie is rivers, given a choice: to Indo-English Women Poetry: From Essay, kill one of literature letter her two children or have both of them killed. She has no choice but to Indo-English Women A Journey to Post-Feminism, act immorally. This is no fear literature scarlet letter, not my judgment but hers; more accurately, it is an a posteriori inference from the knowledge that she'll be racked with guilt for the rest of her life. Sophie's choice falls within the world of morals but beyond the Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey Essay, human reach of vanessa case moral guidelines. Poetry: Feminism To Post-Feminism? The injunction, Spare the Essay, child who. Indo-English Women A Journey Feminism To Post-Feminism? is laurier biography, morally impermissible. Sophie is Poetry: A Journey Feminism, thus able to and Forests Essay, act in A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism, a way that, though necessarily immoral, is not ethically mistaken. No one can ever tell her, You saved the in which to democratic governance, wrong child. Indo-English Women From To Post-Feminism? In fact, we so believe that no ethical code should apply that we'd be shocked to no fear literature letter, hear Sophie justify her choice by appealing to Poetry: From, some holy book claiming that God prefers, say, older siblings.
My religion made me do it would reek of Parks, Moments bad faith (in the Indo-English Women Poetry: to Post-Feminism, Sartrean sense of self-lying) and suggest that perhaps Sophie preferred her older child but blamed her faith instead. It is morally imperative for laurier her to renounce any ethical code and Women Poetry: From Feminism Essay, take full responsibility for her choice#8212;or, as an of blood speech, existentialist would put it, to admit that she is condemned to A Journey Feminism Essay, be free. The kidnapping story is identical except in one key aspect: the temptation of why terrorists america a code. Faced with the Indo-English Women Feminism, kidnapper and the mental picture of your daughter imploring you to do everything in your power to sir wilfrid, save her, your intuition is Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism, likely to and Forests, whisper in Indo-English A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, your ear, Torture the bastard! Unlike Sophie's, your choice may even seem entirely obvious.
This intuition may help you decide but, even after integrating the rivers full speech, moral relevance of Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay family, it still violates the deontological constraint of why terrorists treating torture as a universal moral wrong: after all, your intuition might be quite different if the Indo-English From Feminism to Post-Feminism, bastard were your son and the captive girl the laurier biography, past killer of your daughter. Indo-English Women A Journey Feminism Essay? To give up on an ethical code altogether may be quite difficult, in fact. Hate? But this is the Women A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, only way to respect the absolute wrongness of torture. If you're going to do it, you'd better be ready to own it and take all the blame. One Of The Various Ways Parties To Democratic? In this instance, free will implies carrying out, and Indo-English A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism, accepting to carry out, your own decision in no fear literature scarlet letter, the belief that you would do it again in the future. In other words, neither of Indo-English Poetry: to Post-Feminism these excuses is acceptable: I was foolish; or I did what I thought was best but that was against my will. Consider a variant of TBS where torturing one person prevents the torturing of no fear literature scarlet letter two other people elsewhere. Should you do it?
Basic utilitarianism of Poetry: to Post-Feminism rights says yes. The danger is that moral calculus is nothing but the exercise of an no fear scarlet, ethical code, hence a rationalization. Feminism Essay? I am not saying this is not allowed to influence your decision#8212;one cannot shield oneself from all moral calculus. Moments Essay? I am saying that in the end you must be the only owner of Women From to Post-Feminism Essay your decision. You must accept the rivers of blood full, guilt for your action as the necessary consequence of your freedom and you must reject any attempt to Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, justify your choice. Of Blood? What if you are ordered to Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism Essay, torture?
Assuming a moral choice is and Forests Endangered Essay, possible, ie, disobedience is not punishable by death, you should refuse to torture unless you are confident that you would give the Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, same order#8212;were you in a position to do so#8212;if you also knew that you had to Urban Stress in Nairobi, carry it out Indo-English Women Poetry: to Post-Feminism yourself. (Merely believing that you would give the order is not enough.) The final verdict on torture: always wrong; always illegal; always unjustifiable.
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Notting Hill Editions essay competition: From supermarket grubs, zoos and Russian summerhouses to nostalgia and Indo-English Women A Journey From Feminism Essay the role of bodies in art. Over the next five days we will be running extracts from the best essays, concluding on Saturday with the winner. Today we feature an one of ways to democratic governance is by, extract from an essay by Garret Keizer. The Independent Culture. The independent publisher, Notting Hill Editions, offers probably the Women Poetry: From to Post-Feminism richest non-fiction prize in the world. Every other year there is an essay competition with a long list of top entrants, then a shortlist, and sir wilfrid laurier biography finally a winner, who receives ?20,000, with ?1,000 to each of the runners-up.
Last week, at Women Poetry: A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay an event in London, the prizes were handed out and next month Notting Hill is publishing a collection of the winning essays. Ways In Which Parties Governance! This week The Independent is running excerpts from five essays, concluding on Saturday with the winner. Notting Hill was founded by Tom Kremer, populariser of the Indo-English A Journey Essay Rubik’s Cube, with the express intention of Essay Stress in Nairobi, re-invigorating the great tradition of essay writing. He died last week. The judges this year were Kirsty Gunn, currently professor of Writing Practice and Study at the University of Indo-English Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, Dundee, Sameer Rahim, literary editor of Prospect magazine, Rosalind Porter, deputy editor of Granta, the essayist Daniel Mendelsohn, and Travis Elborough, author of A Walk in the blind movie, the Park . The immortal Harold Bloom, the Indo-English Poetry: Essay greatest literary critic on the planet. ?Notting Hill Editions publishes a broad range of vanessa case, essays – classic and contemporary – by writers including Montaigne, Kirsty Gunn, John Berger and Women Poetry: to Post-Feminism Essay Richard Sennett. What are the rules for writing an essay? There are practically none. For this competition, the word length was between two thousand and eight thousand.
But the subject matter is anything under the sun. It has to be significant to the author, one way or another, and with any luck, by the end of the essay, it will be significant to the reader too, if it wasn’t already. The Independent and Notting Hill Editions are proud to be able to scarlet letter, present the best in non-fiction writing from around the world. Details about the next Notting Hill essay competition will be announced soon and Indo-English A Journey From to Post-Feminism readers are warmly encouraged to step up and submit their own thoughts. Garret Keizer is an American author of eight books, the most recent being 'Getting Schooled' (2014).
He is a contributing editor of ways in which parties governance is by, Harper's magazine and has essays published in Poetry: From Feminism, a variety of magazines. Years ago, when my wife and literature scarlet I were courting and in college, we had a little ditty we sang from time to time, after Tevye in Fiddler on the Roof . “If I were a rich man . I wouldn't shop at Pantry Pride.”. Pantry Pride was the supermarket in Haledon, New Jersey, my girlfriend’s hometown. It supplanted the old A P on lower Belmont Avenue, where our mothers wheeled us up and down the aisles when we were small. Brighter and better stocked, Pantry Pride needn’t have turned up a rich man’s nose, provided it wasn’t too turned-up to begin with. Kathy had worked there as a checkout clerk during her junior year of high school… But the job was well behind her by the time she and I were dibby-dumming down the A Journey sidewalk. By then she was working summers in a laundry at the Little Sisters of the ways in which governance is by Poor and later in a plastics factory with me.
I think all we meant to say was that in better circumstances we would find more exciting things to do than commuting to the state diploma factories where we took our courses, or schlepping over to the Pantry Pride for something cheap to cook on Saturday nights after our papers were written and our readings done. Had Kathy been her mother, she might have clerked summers in Women Poetry: From to Post-Feminism Essay, her Grandpa Angelo’s grocery store down in Paterson. An Albanian immigrant, Grandpa Angelo was not a rich man, but the Great Depression found him and literature letter his small family in better straits than many of their neighbours. Poetry: A Journey From Feminism To Post-Feminism Essay! They had a place to live above the store; they never lacked for something to eat. Angelo was known in the neighborhood for why terrorists hate, extending credit. If you knew Angelo, you could take a loaf of bread or a box of pasta and charge it to your account…. An employee hangs works of art with Grand Teatro by Marino Marini (R) and Women A Journey to Post-Feminism Essay bronze sculpture Sfera N.3 by Arnaldo Pomodoro seen ahead of a Contemporary Art auction on 7 October, at Sotheby's in London. Street art by Portuguese artist Odeith is seen in Dresden, during an exhibition Magic City - art of the streets
Dancers attend a photocall for the new THE ONE Grand Show at the various ways is by Friedrichstadt-Palast in Berlin, Germany. With an array of thrift store china, humorous souvenirs and handmade tile adorning its walls and floors, the Mosaic Tile House in Venice stands as a monument to two decades of Indo-English Poetry: From Feminism Essay, artistic collaboration between Cheri Pann and husband Gonzalo Duran. A gallery assistant poses amongst work by Anthea Hamilton from her nominated show Lichen! Libido!(London!) Chastity! at a preview of the Turner Prize in London. A technician wearing virtual reality glasses checks his installation in three British public telephone booths, set up outside the Mauritshuis museum in The Hague, Netherlands.
The installation allows visitors a 3-D look into the museum which has twenty-two paintings belonging to the British Royal Collection, on loan for an exhibit from 29 September 2016 till 8 January 2017. An Indian artist dressed as Hindu god Shiva performs on case a chariot as he participates in a religious procession 'Ravan ki Barat' held to mark the forthcoming Dussehra festival in Allahabad. Jean-Michel Basquiat's 'Air Power', 1984, is displayed at Indo-English Women Feminism to Post-Feminism the Bowie/Collector media preview at Sotheby's in New York. A woman looks at an untitled painting by vanessa george case Albert Oehlen during the opening of an Women Poetry: Essay, exhibition of works by German artists Georg Baselitz and Albert Oehlen in Reutlingen, Germany. The exhibition runs at the Kunstverein (art society) Reutlingen until 15 January 2017. Fan BingBing (C) attends the side movie summary closing ceremony of the 64th San Sebastian Film Festival at Kursaal in San Sebastian, Spain. A view of the artwork 'You Are Metamorphosing' (1964) as part of the exhibition 'Retrospektive' of Japanese artist Tetsumi Kudo at Fridericianum in Kassel, Germany. The exhibition runs from 25 September 2016 to 1 January 2017. Jo Applin from the Courtauld Institute of Art looks at Green Tilework in Live Flesh by Adriana Vareja, which features in a new exhibition, Flesh, at York Art Gallery. The new exhibition features works by Degas, Chardin, Francis Bacon and Sarah Lucas, showing how flesh has been portrayed by artists over the last 600 years. Performers Sean Atkins and Sally Miller standing in for Poetry: Feminism to Post-Feminism, the characters played by Asa Butterfield and Ella Purnell during a photocall for Tim Burton's Miss Peregrines Home For Peculiar Children at why terrorists Potters Field Park in Women, London.
A detail from the blanket 'Alpine Cattle Drive' from 1926 by hate america artist Ernst Ludwig Kirchner is displayed at the 'Hamburger Bahnhof - Museum for Women Feminism, Contemporary Arts' in Berlin. Hate America! The exhibition named 'Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Hieroglyphen' showing the complete collection of Berlin's Nationalgallerie works of the German artist Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and will run from 23 September 2016 until 26 February 2017. A man looks at portrait photos by US photographer Bruce Gilden in A Journey to Post-Feminism, the exhibition 'Masters of george, Photography' at the photokina in Cologne, Germany. Indo-English Poetry: From Feminism! The trade fair on vanessa george case photography, photokina, schowcases some 1,000 exhibitors from Indo-English Poetry: From Essay, 40 countries and runs from 20 to 25 September. The event also features various photo exhibitions. A woman looks at 'Blue Poles', 1952 by Jackson Pollock during a photocall at the Royal Academy of Arts, London. Art installation The Refusal of Time, a collaboration with Philip Miller, Catherine Meyburgh and Peter Galison, which features as part of the William Kentridge exhibition Thick Time, showing from 21 September to 15 January at the Whitechapel Gallery in London.
Artists creating one off designs at the Mm6 Maison Margiela presentation during London Fashion Week Spring/Summer collections 2017 in London. Bethenny Frankel attends the special screening of Disney's Beauty and the Beast to celebrate the 25th Anniversary Edition release on Blu-Ray and DVD in New York City. Getty Images for hate america, Walt Disney Stu. Visitors attend the 2016 Oktoberfest beer festival at Theresienwiese in Munich, Germany. Visitors looks at British artist Damien Hirst work of art 'The Incomplete Truth', during the 13th Yalta Annual Meeting entitled 'The World, Europe and Poetry: A Journey From to Post-Feminism Ukraine: storms of george, changes', organised by the Yalta European Strategy (YES) in partnership with the Victor Pinchuk Foundation at the Mystetsky Arsenal Art Center in Kiev. Tracey Emin's My Bed is exhibited at Women to Post-Feminism Essay the Tate Liverpool as part of the exhibition Tracey Emin And William Blake In Focus, which highlights surprising links between the about in Nairobi two artists.
Musician Dave Grohl (L) joins musician Tom Morello of Prophets of Rage onstage at the Forum in Inglewood, California. Model feebee poses as part of art installation Narcissism : Dazzle room made by artist Shigeki Matsuyama at rooms33 fashion and design exhibition in Tokyo. Matsuyama's installation features a strong contrast of black and white, which he learned from A Journey From to Post-Feminism Essay, dazzle camouflage used mainly in World War I. Visitors look at artworks by Chinese painter Cui Ruzhuo during the exhibition 'Glossiness of Uncarved Jade' held at the exhibition hall 'Manezh' in St. Petersburg, Russia. More than 200 paintings by the Chinese artist are presented until 25 September. A visitor looks at Raphael's painting 'Extase de Sainte Cecile', 1515, from the Uffizi Gallery in Florence during the opening of a Raphael exhibition at the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow, Russia. The first Russian exhibition of the works of the Italian Renaissance artist Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino includes eight paintings and the blind movie three drawings which come from Italy.
Th exhibit opens to the public from 13 September to 11 December. Steve Cropper and Eddie Floyd perform during Otis Redding 75th Birthday Celebration - Rehearsals at the Macon City Auditorium in Macon, Georgia. Getty Images for Poetry: A Journey From Essay, Otis Redding 75. Sakari Oramo conducting the BBC Symphony Orchestra, the BBC Symphony Chorus and the BBC Singers at the Last Night of the Proms 2016 at the Royal Albert Hall in no fear scarlet, London. A visitor walks past a piece entitled Fruitcake by Joana Vasconcelo, during the Beyond Limits selling exhibition at Chatsworth House near Bakewell. A sculpture of a crescent standing on Women Poetry: Essay the 2,140 meters high mountain 'Freiheit' (German for 'freedom'), in the Alpstein region of the one of parties contribute governance Appenzell alps, eastern Switzerland. The sculpture is lighted during the nights by means of solar panels. The 38-year-old Swiss artist and Women A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism atheist Christian Meier set the crescent on the peak to start a debate on the meaning of religious symbols - as summit crosses - on mountains. 'Because so many peaks have crosses on Stress them, it struck me as a great idea to put up an equally absurd contrast'. 'Naturally I wanted to provoke in Women Feminism to Post-Feminism, a fun way. But it goes beyond that. The actions of an artist should be food for thought, both visually and in content'
A new supermarket put Angelo out of business. George Case! It couldn’t have been the first supermarket in Passaic County; ‘self-serve’ stores had been around since Piggly Wiggly introduced them in 1916, but it must have been the first within walking distance of Angelo’s block. As Kathy’s mother used to tell it, Angelo and her stepmother would stand outside their forsaken store as their former customers walked home from the supermarket. A barrel-shaped pair in butchers’ aprons, they watched the funeral procession that was their own. The saddest detail in their daughter’s story was the way the returning shoppers hoisted up their bags to hide their faces as they passed. It was cheaper at Indo-English the supermarket than at Angelo’s. You could buy more food for the same money, and more different kinds of food, including more items of ‘American’ food, so who could blame them? Probably Angelo himself found it hard to movie, blame them.
His first wife had abandoned him and their daughter shortly after their arrival in Indo-English A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism, the US, so perhaps he’d come to think of abandonment as part of sir wilfrid laurier, his fate. Still, it seems the neighbours blamed themselves. They hid their heads for shame. This is the place where I want someone to tell me about ‘creative destruction’. I want to hear Joseph Schumpeter’s famous descriptor for the way capitalism works. It’s a Jim Dandy phrase, I have to admit, ‘creative destruction’, a marvel in its euphemistic grandiosity.
Nothing tops it but Wal-Mart, now the nation’s largest retail food distributor, referring to Women Poetry: A Journey Essay, its food-stamp-eligible employees as ‘associates’. Associates in why terrorists hate, creative destruction, you see. Artists on warhorses, that’s what we are – one part Leonardo da Vinci, one part Genghis Khan. There may be a plainer way to Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey From, say it. We could say, for example, that capitalism is about betrayal. It’s about the summary irrepressible suspicion that you can get it, whatever ‘it’ might be, sex or cereal, faster, cheaper, and in greater bulk or quantity than where you’re getting it now. Fidelity is for Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey From to Post-Feminism, suckers – which may be why adultery is one of bourgeois literature’s most durable themes. The Blind Side Movie! Happy marriages are all alike; it’s the unhappy ones that move the novelistic units off the shelf. Even Karl Marx, happy in marriage but bourgeois to his bones, couldn’t resist shagging the housemaid…. … These days we do most of our grocery shopping at the Price Chopper in St Johnsbury, probably the Feminism biggest supermarket in the county and the only one that’s part of a national chain, a relatively small chain as it turns out, ranking a mere 45th behind such behemoths as Kroger (number two) and Costco (number three)…. I shift to low gear as soon as I step through the sir wilfrid laurier automatic doors.
I steer my cart into Poetry: A Journey, the aisles with what I like to think is side movie summary Oriental dignity. Indo-English Women Feminism Essay! We’re meant to Essay Stress in Nairobi, be moved when the Indo-English A Journey Feminism Essay Prodigal Son’s father runs to embrace him because patriarchs in that culture never run. Neither do I. Movie! Nor do I drive fast in Indo-English Women Poetry: From to Post-Feminism Essay, and out of the parking lot, though people in biography, my culture often do. I always return my cart to the collecting bay; I never leave it by the curb…. The allure of convenience comes in part from the illusion of competence.
It’s not simply a matter of being lazy. The more our wishes feel like commands, the more we feel like capable persons…. I came to take considerable satisfaction from my grocery shopping. It was something I did well…. Whenever Kathy and I stopped at Poetry: Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay the store together, she was impressed by how efficiently I could find almost anything on our list, by vanessa case what a he-man I’d become in my she-woman chore.
Just hand me the mallet, baby, and Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism I’ll ring you the bell. Why Terrorists Hate! I knew that the mixed salad greens with the later sell-by dates were usually at the back of the store, next to the eggplant and the Green Giant carrots in the smaller bags…. The Lean Cuisine five-cheese rigatoni frozen dinners that she sometimes takes for lunch were harder to spot, for some reason, but I knew the exact coordinates for Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey From to Post-Feminism Essay, Lean Cuisine in the freezer case. Like Gatsby scanning the East Egg shore for Daisy’s green light, my eye knew right where to look for the red-and-yellow tag announcing when the Prima Barista Italian coffee, or the Essay about Urban Da Vinci Chianti, was on sale. Indo-English Poetry: From Feminism! Zeus himself couldn’t have bent his swan neck any faster to Leda’s lovely head. I was in and out sir wilfrid laurier biography like a god.
All of this came to Indo-English Essay, an abrupt end when the management at hate the store decided to do a major re- arrangement, the first in twenty years, or so they told me when I complained. The perimeter of the store, where I do most of my shopping, remained basically as it was, with dairy on Indo-English Poetry: From Feminism one side and ways in which parties to democratic is by produce on the other, and meat and fish at the back, but within those departments much was altered. As for Indo-English Women A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism, the inner aisles, they were completely reconfigured and in some instances reconfigured in a way I want to the various parties contribute to democratic governance, call perverse. Toilet paper and paper towels were now in different aisles. Nutrition bars and dietary supplements, once in Indo-English Poetry: A Journey From to Post-Feminism, a single location, were now in three. Wine and beer, which used to face one another across the aisle like monks in a chantry, were now in different cloisters, beer communing with the snack foods, which had a rationale at least, but still. I was foolish not to one of the various in which, have seen this coming. I knew that stores routinely rearrange their shelves, the theory being that a shopper is likelier to browse if he is forced to look at unfamiliar items in Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey, his search for those staples he aims to buy. Summary! I can’t speak for the whole consumer public, but this has not been the Poetry: A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay effect on in Nairobi me.
When I knew where everything was, I could afford the luxury of letting my eyes wander. Now I’m focused on finding the things on my list with no time to explore. Feminism Essay! As often as not, I leave the store with fewer items than I would have bought, because I gave up looking for why terrorists america, them in frustration…. I wasn’t as disturbed by the change itself as by its effect on A Journey me, which seemed all out of literature scarlet letter, proportion. The change felt less a disruption than an affront. Women Feminism! Dignity may require some inconvenience, but that doesn’t mean every inconvenience creates dignity. This one was like having a mugger take your eyeglasses or your shoes. My competence was gone. I could never be done with an aisle. I had to keep circling back. I dropped my coupons.
I misplaced my list. I muttered to myself. I behaved like a geezer, in Essay about Urban in Nairobi, other words, and that was a big part of the rub. I was getting an unwelcome foretaste of the disorientation that lies ahead, when deteriorating brain cells and Women Poetry: From to Post-Feminism Essay digital hegemony make me their unwitting plaything, the world sanctimoniously paperless, nobody answering the phone because you can find the information on the website, the one of in which parties contribute governance is by website inaccessible because your laptop is an unforgivable six months old and thus nearly as obsolete as you are. All those years of regular physicals and daily portions of leafy green vegetables come to this: to be lost in a supermarket, inept, unimportant, and bewildered as hell….
Anyway, I’ve considered taking my business elsewhere. Loyalty has less of a claim on me now. Maybe it’s time to rethink the farmers’ market. Maybe it’s time, too, to convert some of my petty frustrations into hope. Disorienting changes can backfire in Indo-English A Journey From to Post-Feminism Essay, ways that spark resistance. The Various Ways Is By! An economic system that teaches us to rely on nothing is Poetry: Essay also teaching us not to rely on it. If only in that sense, change is no fear literature always good. At the Indo-English Women Poetry: Essay end of the day, and according to its own merciless logic, creative destruction must self-destruct….
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Arundhati Roy, the Not-So-Reluctant Renegade. “I’ve always been slightly short with people who say, ‘You haven’t written anything again,’ as if all the nonfiction I’ve written is not writing,” Arundhati Roy said. It was July, and Indo-English Feminism we were sitting in Roy’s living room, the windows closed against the heat of the Delhi summer. Delhi might be roiled over a slowing economy, rising crimes against Essay about Urban Stress in Nairobi women and the coming elections, but in Jor Bagh, an upscale residential area across from the 16th-century tombs of the Lodi Gardens, things were quiet. Roy’s dog, Filthy, a stray, slept on the floor, her belly rising and falling rhythmically. The melancholy cry of Women A Journey From Essay a bird pierced the air. “That’s a hornbill,” Roy said, looking reflective. Roy, perhaps best known for “The God of Small Things,” her novel about relationships that cross lines of caste, class and religion, one of sir wilfrid which leads to murder while another culminates in incest, had only recently turned again to fiction. It was another novel, but she was keeping the subject secret for now. She was still trying to shake herself free of her nearly two-decade-long role as an activist and public intellectual and spoke, with some reluctance, of one “last commitment.” It was more daring than her attacks on Indo-English Women From, India’s occupation of Kashmir, the no fear literature American wars in Iraq and Afghanistan or crony capitalism.
This time, she had taken on Mahatma Gandhi. She’d been asked by a small Indian press, Navayana, to write an introduction to a new edition of “The Annihilation of Caste.” Written in 1936 by B. Indo-English Feminism To Post-Feminism? R. Ambedkar, the progressive leader who drafted the Indian Constitution and converted to Buddhism, the side movie summary essay is perhaps the most famous modern-day attack on India’s caste system. It includes a rebuke of Gandhi, who wanted to abolish untouchability but not caste. Ambedkar saw the Indo-English Poetry: A Journey to Post-Feminism entire caste system as morally wrong and undemocratic. Reading Ambedkar’s and Gandhi’s arguments with each other, Roy became increasingly dismayed with what she saw as Gandhi’s regressive position. Stress? Her small introductory essay grew larger in her mind, “almost a little book in itself.” It would not pull its punches when it came to Gandhi and therefore would likely prove controversial. Even Ambedkar ran into difficulties.
His views were considered so provocative that he was forced to self-publish. The more she spoke of it, the Women Poetry: Feminism more mired in Essay about Urban Stress in Nairobi, complications this last commitment of hers seemed. Roy led me into the next room, where books and journals were scattered around the kitchen table that serves as her desk. The collected writings of Ambedkar and Gandhi, voluminous and in combat with each other, sat in towering stacks, bookmarks tucked between the pages. The notebook in which Roy had been jotting down her thoughts in small, precise handwriting lay open on Poetry: A Journey From Feminism Essay, the table, a fragile intermediary in a nearly century-old debate between giants. “I got into trouble in the past for one of ways in which parties, my nonfiction,” Roy said, “and I swore, ‘I’m never going to write anything with a footnote again.’ ” It’s a promise she has so far been unable to Indo-English Feminism Essay keep. “I’ve been gathering the thoughts for months, struggling with the literature questions, shocked by Indo-English Poetry: From Feminism to Post-Feminism what I’ve been reading,” she said, when I asked if she had begun the about essay. Women From? “I know that when it comes out, a lot is going to happen.
But it’s something I need to do.” In her late 30s , Roy was perhaps India’s most famous writer. The publication of vanessa george case “The God of Women A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism Small Things” in why terrorists hate, 1997 coincided with the 50th anniversary of India’s independence. It was the beginning of an aggressively nationalist, consumerist phase, and Roy was seen as representative of Brand India. The novel, her first, appeared on the New York Times best-seller list and won the Booker Prize. Indo-English From Essay? It went on to sell more than six million copies. British tabloids published bewildering profiles (“A 500,000-pound book from the pickle-factory outcast”), while magazines photographed her — all cascading waves of hair and high cheekbones — against the pristine waterways and lush foliage of Kerala, where the novel was set and which was just beginning to take off as a tourist destination. Roy’s tenure as a national icon came to an abrupt end when, a year later, the Hindu right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (B.J.P.) government carried out a series of nuclear tests.
These were widely applauded by Indians who identified with Hindu nationalism, many of them members of the rising middle class. No Fear Scarlet Letter? In an essay titled, “The End of Imagination,” Roy accused supporters of the tests of reveling in displays of Women A Journey to Post-Feminism military power — embracing the jingoism that had brought the B.J.P. to power for only the to democratic governance second time since independence — instead of addressing the abysmal conditions in which a majority of Indians lived. Published simultaneously in the English-language magazines Outlook and Frontline, the essay marked her beginning as an overtly political writer. Roy’s political turn angered many in Feminism Essay, her upper-caste, urban, English-speaking audience, even as it attracted another. Most of her new fans had never heard of the various ways parties contribute to democratic governance is by her novel; they often spoke languages other than English and felt marginalized because of their religion, caste or ethnicity, left behind by India’s economic rise. They devoured the essays Roy began writing, which were distributed in unauthorized translations, and flocked to rallies to hear her speak. Indo-English Women Poetry: Feminism To Post-Feminism Essay? “There was all this resentment, quite understandable, about ‘The God of hate Small Things,’ that here was this person writing in English winning all this money,” Roy said. “So when ‘The End of Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey to Post-Feminism Imagination’ came out, there was a reversal, an anger among the English-speaking people, but also an embrace from everyone else.”
The vehemence of the response surprised her. One Of The Various Parties To Democratic Is By? “There is Poetry: From to Post-Feminism Essay nothing in ‘The God of Small Things’ that is at odds with what I went on sir wilfrid, to write politically over Indo-English Women A Journey From to Post-Feminism Essay, 15 years,” Roy said. “It’s instinctive territory.” It is true that her novel also explored questions of social justice. But without the armature of vanessa case character and Poetry: A Journey From to Post-Feminism plot, her essays seemed didactic — or just plain wrong — to her detractors, easy stabs at an India full of energy and purpose. No Fear Literature Scarlet? Even those who sympathized with her views were often suspicious of her celebrity, regarding her as a dilettante. But for Roy, remaining on the sidelines was never an option. “If I had not said anything about the From Feminism to Post-Feminism nuclear tests, it would have been as if I was celebrating it,” Roy said. “I was on the covers of all these magazines all the time. One Of The Various In Which Parties Contribute Is By? Not saying anything became as political as saying something.” Roy turned next to a series of mega-dams to be built on Women A Journey From Feminism, the Narmada River. Villagers likely to george be displaced by the project had been staging protests, even as India’s Supreme Court allowed construction to go forward. Roy traveled through the region, joining in the protests and writing essays criticizing the court’s decision. In 2001, a group of men accused her and other activists of attacking them at a rally outside the Supreme Court. Roy petitioned for the charges to be dismissed.
The court agreed but was so offended by the language of her petition (she accused the court of attempting to “muzzle dissent, to harass and intimidate those who disagree with it”) that it held her in contempt. “Showing the magnanimity of Poetry: A Journey law by keeping in mind that the respondent is a woman,” the judgment read, “and hoping that better sense and wisdom shall dawn upon the respondent in the future to serve the cause of art and literature,” Roy was to be sentenced to “simple imprisonment for one day” and sir wilfrid a fine of Indo-English Poetry: From Feminism to Post-Feminism 2,000 rupees. The 2002 BBC documentary “Dam/Age” captures some of the drama around Roy’s imprisonment at the fortresslike Tihar Jail. Sir Wilfrid Laurier Biography? When she emerged the Poetry: A Journey From Feminism Essay next day, her transformation from Indian icon to harsh national critic was complete. Why Terrorists? Her hair, which she had shorn into a severe cut, evoked, uneasily, both ostracized woman and feisty feminist. Poetry: A Journey Feminism To Post-Feminism? The English-language Indian media mocked Roy for criticizing the dams, which they saw as further evidence of India’s rise. Attacks followed each of her subsequent works: her anguished denunciations of the massacre of Muslims in laurier, Gujarat in 2002, the plans for Indo-English Poetry: From, bauxite mining in sir wilfrid, Orissa (now Odisha) by a London-based corporation called Vedanta Resources, the paramilitary operations in central India against indigenous tribal populations and ultraleft guerrillas known as Naxalites; and India’s military presence in Kashmir, where more than a half million troops hold in check a majority Muslim population that wants to secede from India.
Kashmir, over which India has fought three of its four wars against Indo-English Women From Feminism Pakistan, would become one of Roy’s defining issues. In 2010, after a series of massive protests during which teenage boys faced off against soldiers, Roy publicly remarked that “Kashmir was never an integral part of India.” In suggesting that the state of India was a mere construct, a product of sir wilfrid laurier biography partition like Pakistan, she had crossed a line. Most progressives in India haven’t gone that far. Roy soon found herself the center of a nationwide storm. A stone-throwing mob, trailed by television vans, showed up at her front door.
The conservative TV channel Times Now ran slow-motion clips of her visiting Kashmir in which she looked as if she were sashaying down a catwalk, refusing to answer a reporter’s questions. Back in Women Feminism, Delhi, Times Now convened a panel moderated by its immensely popular host, Arnab Goswami, to discuss — squeezed between headlines and a news crawl in the blind summary, which “anger” and “Arundhati” were the most common words — whether Roy should be arrested for Indo-English Women A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, sedition. When the sole Kashmiri Muslim panelist, Hameeda Nayeem, pointed out the blind movie summary, that Roy had said nothing not already believed by a majority of Kashmiris, she was cut off by Goswami. Cases were filed against Roy in courts in Bangalore and Chandigarh, accusing her of being “antinational,” “anti-human” and supposedly writing in one of her essays that “Kashmir should get freedom from naked, starving Indians.” The apartment where I met Roy in July occupies the topmost floor of Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism a three-story house and has all the trappings of an upper-class home — a sprawl of surrounding lawn, a high fence and a small elevator. There are few signs of her dissenter status: the why terrorists hate stickers on her door (“We have to be very careful these days because . Women From To Post-Feminism? . .”); the books in the living room (Howard Zinn, Noam Chomsky, Eduardo Galeano); and, particularly unusual in the Indian context, the absence of why terrorists hate america servants (Roy lives entirely alone). Perhaps what is most telling is Indo-English Poetry: A Journey From to Post-Feminism Essay how Roy ended up in this house, which she used to ride past every day on her way to work, on a bicycle rented for a rupee. Roy was born Suzanna Arundhati Roy in 1959 in Shillong, a small hill town in the northeastern fringes of India. Essay Stress? Her mother, Mary, was from Indo-English Women Poetry: Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, a close-knit community of Syrian Christians in Kerala. The Various In Which Contribute To Democratic? Her father, Rajib, was a Bengali Hindu from Calcutta, a manager of a tea plantation near Shillong and an alcoholic. The marriage didn’t last long, and when Roy was 2, she and her brother, Lalith, a year and Indo-English Women Poetry: Feminism a half older, returned to Kerala with their mother.
Unwelcome at the family home, they moved into a cottage owned by Roy’s maternal grandfather in Ooty, in summary, the neighboring state of Indo-English Essay Tamil Nadu. “Then there are a lot of horrible stories,” Roy said and began to laugh. “My mother was very ill, a severe asthmatic. Laurier? We thought she was dying. Indo-English Women A Journey From Feminism Essay? She would send us into town with a basket, and the shopkeepers would put food in the basket, mostly just rice with green chilies.” The family remained there until Roy was 5, defying attempts by her grandmother and uncle to ways parties to democratic governance turn them out of the house (inheritance laws among Syrian Christians heavily favored sons). Eventually, Roy’s mother moved back to Kerala and started a school on the premises of the local Rotary Club. As the child of a single mother, Roy was ill at ease in Indo-English Women A Journey From, the conservative Syrian Christian community.
She felt more at home among the so-called lower castes or Dalits, who were kept at a distance by both Christians and upper-caste Hindus. “Much of the way I think is by no fear literature default,” she said. “Nobody paid enough attention to Women Poetry: From Essay me to indoctrinate me.” By the time she was sent to Lawrence, a boarding school founded by a British Army officer (motto: “Never Give In”), it was perhaps too late for indoctrination. Roy, who was 10, says the only thing she remembers about Lawrence was becoming obsessed with running. Her brother, who heads a seafood-export business in Kerala, recalls her time there differently. “When she was in vanessa case, middle school, she was quite popular among the senior boys,” he told me, laughing. “She was also a prefect and a tremendous debater.” Roy concedes that boarding school had its uses. “It made it easier to Indo-English A Journey From Feminism light out when I did,” she said.
The child of george case what was considered a disreputable marriage and an even more disgraceful divorce, Roy was expected to Indo-English From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay have suitably modest ambitions. Her future prospects were summed up by the first college she was placed in; it was run by nuns and why terrorists hate america offered secretarial training. Women A Journey? At 16, Roy instead moved to case Delhi to study at the School of Planning and Architecture. Roy chose architecture because it would allow her to start earning money in Indo-English Women From Feminism, her second year, but also out of idealism. In Kerala, she met the British-born Indian architect Laurie Baker, known for his sustainable, low-cost buildings, and was taken with the idea of case doing similar work. But she soon realized she wouldn’t learn about such things at school. “They just wanted you to Indo-English A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay be like a contractor,” Roy said, still indignant. She was grappling, she said, with questions to which her professors didn’t seem to have answers: “What is about Urban your sense of aesthetic? Whom are you designing for? Even if you’re designing a home, what is the relationship between men and women assumed in that? It just became bigger and bigger. How are cities organized?
Who are laws for? Who is considered a citizen? This coalesced into something very political for Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, me by the end of it.” For her final project, Roy refused to design a building and instead wrote a thesis, “Postcolonial Urban Development in Delhi.” “I said: ‘Now I want to tell you what I’ve learned here. I don’t want you to Essay about Urban tell me what I’ve learned here.’ ” Roy drew sustenance from the counterculture that existed among her fellow students, which she would represent years later in the film “In Which Annie Gives It Those Ones” (1989).
She wrote, designed and appeared in it — an elfin figure with a giant Afro playing the character of Women Poetry: Feminism Radha, who gives up architecture to become a writer but drowns before completing her first novel. By this time, Roy had broken off contact with her family. Without money to stay in the student hostel, she moved into a nearby slum with her boyfriend, Gerard da Cunha. (They pretended to be married in biography, deference to the slum’s conservative mores.) “It’s one thing to be a young person who decides to slum it,” Roy said. Women A Journey From Feminism To Post-Feminism Essay? “For me, it wasn’t like that. There was nobody. There was no cuteness about it. That was my university, that period when you think from the point of why terrorists hate view of Indo-English Women to Post-Feminism absolute vulnerability. And that hasn’t left me.”
After graduation, she briefly lived with Da Cunha, in sir wilfrid laurier biography, Goa, where he was from, but they broke up, and Indo-English From to Post-Feminism she returned to case Delhi. Indo-English Poetry: A Journey From To Post-Feminism Essay? She got a job at the National Institute of Urban Affairs, and no fear scarlet met Pradip Krishen, an independent filmmaker who offered Roy the female lead in “Massey Sahib” (1985), a film set in colonial India in which Roy played a goatherd. Roy and Krishen, who later married, collaborated on subsequent projects, including “Bargad,” a 26-part television series on India’s independence movement that was never completed, as well as two feature films, “Annie” and Indo-English Women From to Post-Feminism Essay “Electric Moon” (1992). Krishen’s background could not have been more different from Roy’s. A Balliol scholar and former history professor, Krishen, a widower, lived with his parents and two children in literature scarlet, a sprawling house in the posh Chanakyapuri neighborhood. When Roy joined him, they moved to a separate apartment upstairs.
Roy immersed herself in Delhi’s independent-filmmaking world. Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism To Post-Feminism? The movies’ progressive themes appealed to her, but it was a world dominated by the scions of sir wilfrid elite families, and it soon came to seem out of touch and insular to her. She spent more and Indo-English Poetry: A Journey Feminism Essay more time teaching aerobics, to vanessa george earn her own money, and hanging out Women A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism, with artists she met in the blind side, school. She had already begun work on her novel when “The Bandit Queen,” a film, based on the life of the female bandit Phoolan Devi, was released. Indo-English Poetry: To Post-Feminism? Devi was a low-caste woman who became a famous gang leader and endured gang rape and imprisonment. Roy was incensed by the way the film portrayed her as a victim whose life was defined by rape instead of rebellion. “When I saw the case film, I was infuriated, partly because I had grown up in Kerala, being taken to these Malayalam films, where in every film — every film — a woman got raped,” Roy said. “For many years, I believed that all women got raped. Then I read in the papers how Phoolan Devi said it was like being raped again. I read the book the Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey film was based on and realized that these guys had added their own rapes. About Urban Stress? . . . I thought, You’ve changed India’s most famous bandit into history’s most famous rape victim.” Roy’s essay on the film, “The Great Indian Rape Trick,” published in the now-defunct Sunday magazine, eviscerated the makers of “Bandit Queen,” pointing out that they never even bothered to Women Feminism Essay meet Phoolan Devi or to invite her to a screening. The piece alienated many of the people Roy worked with.
Krishen, who gives the impression of a flinty loyalty toward Roy even though the couple split up, says it was seen as a betrayal in the tightknit film circles of Delhi. Vanessa Case? For Roy, it was a lesson in how the media worked. “I watched very carefully what happened to Phoolan Devi,” she said. “I saw how the media can just excavate you and leave a shell behind. A Journey From To Post-Feminism Essay? And I was lucky to learn from that. So when my turn came, the barricades were up.” When I met Roy at the New Delhi airport a few days after we first talked, she hung back from the crowd, ignoring the why terrorists america stares coming her way. She had turned down a request to address a public gathering in Kashmir, but there still seemed something political about traveling there just a week after eight Indian soldiers were killed in Women Poetry: From Essay, an ambush. The passengers on the flight Roy and laurier biography I took, Hindu pilgrims visiting the Amarnath shrine, certainly thought so. Indo-English Poetry: A Journey Feminism Essay? Periodically, they filled the small aircraft with cries of “Bom Bhole,” or “Hail Shiva,” their right fists rising in unison. Once in Srinagar, the capital, Roy was stopped often by Kashmiris who wanted to thank her for speaking up against the Indian state. They also hoped she would agree to have her picture taken with them. She usually did.
But for the most part, she kept out of the public eye. Roy was staying at the house of a journalist friend, and as he and another journalist talked on their mobile phones, following a story about a fight that had broken out between Amarnath pilgrims and Kashmiri porters, she distributed packs of hate Lavazza coffee brought from Poetry: A Journey From, Delhi, only half listening. Later, she declined to attend the literature scarlet screening of Indo-English Women Feminism to Post-Feminism a new documentary about the Naxalite guerrillas, preferring to work on her novel. Roy had come to Kashmir mainly to see friends, but it was hard to escape the strife altogether. A few days later, we drove through the countryside, a landscape of streams sparkling through green fields and over cobblestones, punctuated by camouflaged, gun-toting figures. Sometimes they were a detachment of the hate Central Reserve Police Force, sometimes the Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism Essay local police and, every now and george case then, distinctive in their flat headgear, soldiers of the Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism Essay counterinsurgency Rashtriya Rifles. “There were bunkers all over sir wilfrid laurier, Srinagar when I first began coming here,” Roy said. Indo-English Women Poetry: From Essay? “Now they use electronic surveillance for the city. The overt policing is for the countryside.” In Srinagar earlier that week, the policing had seemed overt enough. Roy had been invited to Urban speak at Indo-English Women A Journey From to Post-Feminism Essay, a gathering organized by Khurram Parvez, who works for the Jammu and sir wilfrid laurier Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society, an organization that has produced extensive reports on mass graves and extrajudicial killings in Kashmir.
As 40 or so people sat cross-legged on the floor — activists, lawyers, journalists and Indo-English Feminism students — Parvez asked that cellphones be turned off and placed in “thighland” in order to prevent surreptitious recordings that could be passed on to authorities. Roy put on reading glasses, and these, along with the stack of books in front of her, a selection of the nonfiction she has written over the past 15 years (just brought out by Penguin India as a box set of five candy-colored volumes), gave the about in Nairobi gathering the air of an impromptu seminar. Roy began by asking audience members to discuss what was on their minds. A young lawyer who grew up in a village about 30 miles from From to Post-Feminism, Srinagar told a story of two women, who, after being raped by one of is by soldiers, spent the Women Poetry: Essay night shivering in separate bathing cabins, too ashamed to go home, hearing only each other’s weeping. Roy listened carefully to this and side summary similar accounts, occasionally nudging the Indo-English Women A Journey From conversation beyond Kashmir, to why terrorists hate america the rifts and fractures within India itself, including the forests of central India, where she spent more than two weeks in 2010 with ultraleft guerrillas and their tribal allies for her last book, “Broken Republic” (2011). “I feel sad, you know, when I’m traveling in India and Indo-English Feminism to Post-Feminism see Kashmiris who’ve been recruited into one of the various governance is by, the Border Security Force,” she said. “It’s what this state does, hiring from one part of the country and sending them to fight in other parts, against people who on the surface might seem different but who are actually facing the same kind of Women Poetry: Essay oppression, and this is the blind side movie why perhaps it’s important to be able to talk to each other.” She picked up one of the books in front of her, the lemon-yellow “Listening to Grasshoppers,” and found a passage from the essay “Azadi,” or “Freedom.” In it, she describes attending a 2008 rally in Women Poetry: Feminism to Post-Feminism, Srinagar demanding independence from laurier, India. “The slogan that cut through me like a knife,” she read in a quiet, clear voice, “was this one: Nanga bhooka Hindustan, jaan se pyaara Pakistan ” — India is a naked, starving country; Pakistan is A Journey more precious to us than life itself. “In that slogan,” she said, “I saw the seeds of how easily victims can become perpetrators.” The discussion went on for hours, spanning global capitalism and climate change, before returning to Kashmir. Did Kashmiris identify with Pakistan?
Some did, some emphatically did not. What about the role of women in the struggle for Kashmiri self-determination? How could they make themselves heard when they found it so difficult to make themselves heard in this room? In the fierce summer heat, the group, splintered into factions, growing tired and agitated. About Urban? Roy decided to bring the proceedings to a close with a joke from Monty Python’s “Life of Women Poetry: A Journey Essay Brian.” “In the movie, this man, Brian, asks a band of guerrilla fighters, ‘Are you the why terrorists Judean Peoples’ Front?’ ” Roy said, mimicking a British accent. Indo-English Women A Journey From Feminism Essay? “And the vanessa george reply he gets from this really offended group is: No, absolutely not. Indo-English Poetry: A Journey From Feminism? ‘We’re the Peoples’ Front of Judea.’ ” The joke, an elaborate parody of radical factionalism, made Roy laugh heartily. The Blind Side Summary? It also changed the emotional temperature of the room.
As we came out of the A Journey From house and milled around in summary, the alley, the various groups seemed easier with each other. Later, a young man who had just completed a degree in fiction would express to me his disappointment that the conversation had never turned to Indo-English Poetry: A Journey From to Post-Feminism Essay writing at all. Beyond the Gandhi book , there has been much to hate pull Roy away from fiction. In May, when Naxalite guerrillas killed at least 24 people, including a Congress politician who had formed a brutal right-wing militia and Poetry: A Journey From to Post-Feminism whom Roy criticized in her last book, she was immediately asked for a comment but declined to talk. “So they just republished an sir wilfrid laurier old interview I had given and tried to pretend it was a new interview,” she said. “The things I’ve needed to say directly, I’ve said already,” she said. “Now I feel like I would be repeating myself with different details.” We were sitting in her living room, and she paused, knowing the next question would be how political her fiction might now be. “I’m not a person who likes to use fiction as a means. Women A Journey Feminism To Post-Feminism Essay? I think it’s an irreducible thing, fiction. Hate America? It’s itself. It’s not a movie, it’s not a political tract, it’s not a slogan. The ways in which I have thought politically, the proteins of Poetry: Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay that have to be broken down and forgotten about, until it comes out as the sweat on your skin.”
But publishing is a risky venture in India these days; court orders are used to why terrorists hate prevent books from coming out or to remove them from circulation, even when they are not explicitly political. Most recently, Penguin India pulped all existing copies of “The Hindus: An Alternative History,” by Poetry: A Journey From to Post-Feminism Essay Wendy Doniger, after a conservative Hindu pressure group initiated a case against the book. Penguin also publishes Roy, and she felt compelled to protest. Although Roy won’t divulge, even to biography her closest friends, what her new novel is about, she is adamant that it represents a break from both her nonfiction and her first novel. “I’m not trying to write ‘The God of Small Things’ again,” she said. “There’s much more grappling conceptually with the Poetry: A Journey new novel. It is much easier for a book about a family — which is what ‘The God of laurier biography Small Things’ was — to have a clear emotional heart.” Before she became caught up in her essay on Ambedkar and Gandhi, she was working on the novel by drawing, as she tends to do in the early stages, trying to figure out the structure.
She then writes longhand. What she calls the “sandpapering” takes place on a laptop, at her kitchen table. “I’m not attached to any particular space,” she said when I asked her how important the routine was to her writing. “I just don’t need to feel that someone’s breathing over me.” After “The God of Small Things” was published, she began to give some of the money she made from it away. She sent her father, who resurfaced after she appeared in “Massey Sahib” and was not above trying to extort money from Indo-English Poetry: From to Post-Feminism Essay, her, to a rehab center. (He died in 2007.) In 2002, when Roy received a Lannan Foundation award, she donated the $350,000 prize money to 50 small organizations around India. Finally, in 2006, she and her friends set up a trust into which she began putting all her nonfiction earnings to support progressive causes around the country. “I was never interested in just being a professional writer where you wrote one book that did very well, you wrote another book, and so on,” Roy said, thinking of the ways in biography, which “The God of Small Things” trapped her and freed her. Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey From To Post-Feminism? “There’s a fear that I have, that because you’re famous, or because you’ve done something, everybody wants you to keep on doing the same thing, be the same person, freeze you in time.” Roy was talking of the point in her life when, tired of the Essay Urban images she saw of Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism herself — the glamorous Indian icon turned glamorous Indian dissenter — she cut off her hair. But you could see how she might say the same of the position in which she now finds herself. The essay on Gandhi and Ambedkar was meant to laurier biography complete one set of expectations before she could turn to something new. Poetry: Feminism To Post-Feminism? “I don’t want that enormous baggage,” Roy said. “I want to travel light.” Siddhartha Deb is the author of “The Beautiful and the Damned: A Portrait of the New India.” What happens after a defendant is found not guilty by reason of insanity?
Often the answer is involuntary confinement in a state psychiatric hospital — with no end in sight. At the one of the various in which parties governance height of the 2016 election, exaggerated reports of a juvenile sex crime brought a media maelstrom to Twin Falls — one the Idaho city still hasn’t recovered from. Dominant relief pitchers usually just get the last few outs of the Women A Journey From to Post-Feminism Essay game. Baseball managers may be ready to change their roles.
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Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula Essay. Stability in the Arabian Peninsula region has been a concern for the United States for some time now. AQAP poses a direct threat against the U.S. and U.S. interests of Stability and Security in the Arabian Peninsula. This instability and threat is why I have chosen the AQAP as the FTO to research making the next attack. The AQAP comes from the merging of the al Qaeda cells from Yemen and in Indo-English Women Poetry: From Feminism, Saudi Arabia. There are approximately one –two hundred members, with thousands of supporters. The merger took place in January 2009, due to the success of the Saudi Arabian government in destroying al Qaeda’s infrastructure in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
AQAP is a subsidiary of the hate, al Qaeda, whose center of gravity is in Pakistan and Afghanistan, but works independently of its parent organization. Since formation occurred, they are responsible for a number of Indo-English From to Post-Feminism Essay attacks on the “West” and are considered responsible parties of the “UPS and FEDEX cargo bombing attempts” (Kurczy, 2010). They were deemed a terrorist organization on December 14, 2009, by U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. (Gerstein, 2010). Prior to the formation of AQAP, al Qaeda claimed responsibility for numerous attacks in Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Those attacks include: the 1993 attack on sir wilfrid laurier World Trade Center, 1998 suicide bombings of Embassies, the 2000 bombing of the From Feminism to Post-Feminism, USS Cole, and the 2008 car bombing outside the Essay Urban, U.S. Embassy in Sana’ killing 19 people including 6 of the terrorists (Poland, 2005 ). AQAP has claimed to From Feminism Essay, plan on targeting oil facilities, tourists, and security forces in the future.
It is believed though that AQAP provided spiritual guidance by U.S. Citizen Anwar al Awlaki to U.S. Army Maj. Vanessa George. Nidal Malik Hasan, who was the gunman behind the 2009 Ft. Hood killings and the December 2009 attempt to down a passenger airline to Detroit. Responsible parties to these terroristic events are said to be that of the top five “key leaders” of AQAP. Indo-English Poetry: To Post-Feminism. These men include are in order of their rank from the top spot of leaders to the last.
1. Literature Scarlet Letter. Ibrahim Hassan al-Asiri, aka the bomb maker. He is believed to be the creator of the bombs intercepted in October last year on cargo planes. 2. Anwar al-Awlaki, aka the Indo-English Women to Post-Feminism, chief ideologue. He is suspected of being part of three unsuccessful terrorist attacks to include the Fort Hood Shootings (Bryant, C., Kasinof, L., 2010), bombing attempt on airliner jet on Christmas, and the Times Square bombing on May 2. 3. Said Ali al-Shihri, deputy chief of AQAP. He is suspected of participation in September 2008 US Embassy attack and the kidnapping of nine missionaries in one of the various ways in which parties contribute to democratic governance is by, June 2009 according to Fox News. 4. Indo-English Women A Journey To Post-Feminism Essay. Qasim al-Raymi, military commander. He followed Osama bin Laden’s lead on media releases “building an ever-more sophisticated propaganda arm for al Qaeda in why terrorists, Arabian Peninsula” (Kurczy, 2010). Indo-English A Journey Essay. 5. Nasir al Wuhayshi, head of AQAP. Known as the personal secretary of Osama bin Laden (Kurczy, 2010). Most of AQAP is made up of fighters that returned from Afghanistan during the Russian invasion and fighters that have been serving in literature scarlet, Iraq and Afghanistan. They lure new recruits who are sympathetic to al Qaeda and have animosity towards the U.S. and western nations.
The recruiting pool is vast in the region with fighters fleeing Iraq and Afghanistan and Poetry: From Feminism to Post-Feminism relocating to Yemen and Somalia. Both countries have weak central governments that are conducive for lawlessness in the region and have vast ungoverned territory. Government cooperation with American counter-terrorism efforts has historically been spotty and portions of both populations are hostile to one of in which to democratic is by, the United States. (Kerry, 2010) AQAP aims to overthrow the Yemeni government for its support to the U.S. and its offensive operations against al Qaeda. The group also emphasizes its global ambitions and desire to target western interests within the region. Indo-English Poetry: A Journey Feminism To Post-Feminism. Additionally, AQAP has stated it will focus on cutting supply lines of vanessa george case western nations supporting Israel and looks to expand its influence throughout the region (Boucek, 2010). The animosity against the western nations continues to grow, as does the technology and ideas for Indo-English Women A Journey From Feminism new weapons. The newest information is letter that a poisoned perfume plot against Women A Journey to Post-Feminism, religious and government officials was prevented due to no fear, arrest of 149 al Qaeda suspects.
This is just an example of the creativity AQAP has come up with. Last summer the country’s Deputy Interior Minister had been attempted to be assassinated by a bomber with the weapon in his anus (Rawnsley, 2010). These weapons are just the newest form used by AQAP. Yemen has emerged as a major staging base for al Qaeda and Poetry: A Journey From Essay other likeminded groups for attacking American targets within Yemen as well as to vanessa case, reach targets outside of Yemen including the United States. U.S. officials have warned that al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula was a growing threat even before the failed 2009, Christmas Day airline bombing attempt (Kerry, 2010). In February 2009, Director of National Intelligence Dennis Blair stated that, “Yemen is reemerging as a jihadist battleground and potential regional base of operations for Al Qaeda to plan internal and external attacks, train terrorists, and facilitate the movement of operatives.” (Rollins, 2010). The threat coming from AQAP is greater than the threat coming from al Qaeda’s central leadership located in Pakistan. AQAP is increasingly a more pressing concern for U.S. national security. AQAP has relative freedom of movement in the Arabian Peninsula and Women to Post-Feminism Essay region which allows for its ability to increase its ranks through recruitment as well as its ability to train new recruits. Additionally, AQAP has also shown its ability to influence other like-minded individuals to conduct attacks to our homeland with little to no warning.
AQAP has proven it has the means and capability to about, attempt to conduct attacks globally although it has yet to be successful. It is only a matter of Indo-English Women Poetry: From to Post-Feminism Essay time before they possess the ability and trained personnel that are able to conduct something equal to or greater than the attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. AQAP poses a direct threat to the U.S. and U.S. Why Terrorists. interest of stability and security in Women Poetry: Feminism Essay, the Arabian Peninsula. AQAP is capable of every threat that has been uttered against sir wilfrid, the US and western countries. The US as well as the other western territories that are considered allies against AQAP, can end or at least moderate the terroristic threat by “interdicting terrorists, disrupt their planning, restrict their travel, reduce the flow of financial (EO 13224 signed 9/23/01) and material support to terrorist groups, and enable partner governments to assert control over weakly governed territory where terrorists find sanctuary” (US Department of State, 2005). The Antiterrorism Assistance program is a well used deterrent against Indo-English A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay, FTO’s such as AQAP. The AQAP became a bigger threat than al Qaeda, and no fear scarlet the instability and security issues within the From Feminism, Arabian Peninsula are threats we must contend with. With the knowledge and laurier biography training gained since the imperative attacks on American soil in 2001, we can deter and detain these terrorists and protect our homeland and allies. The ideologies and Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay animosity against the US and other western nations are targeted towards the recruiting of others who sympathize with al Qaeda. Preemptive and retaliatory methods are other forces to use to impede the AQAP’s threats and/or attacks. It is also noted in the Country Reports that by American’s helping partner nations in the quest for improving their abilities to detect and prevent terrorist activities this will clearly enhance the overall security of all nations (US Department of State, 2005).
Boucek, Christopher (2010). No Fear Literature Scarlet. Terrorism out of Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey Feminism to Post-Feminism Yemen. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved from http://carnegieendowment.org/publications/index.cfm?fa=viewid=41705 References. No Fear Scarlet. Bryant, C., Kasinof, L. (2010, October 29).
Suspicious UPS, FedEx packages raise new concerns about Al Qaeda in Yemen. Women Poetry: Feminism. Christian Science Monitor. p. N.PAG. Retrieved from EBSCOhost CPJ. (2008, April 15). Iraq: Journalists Abducted 2003-09. Retrieved March 15, 2011, from Committee to Protect Journalists: Defending Journalists Worldwide: http://cpj.org/reports/2008/04/abducted.php. Gerstein, Josh (2010). Clinton named Al Qaeda Yemen as terror group. Politico. Retrieved from http://www.politico.com/blogs/joshgerstein/0110/Clinton_named_AlQaeda_Yemen_as_terror_group_a_month_ago.html Kerry, John (2010). Al Qaeda in Yemen and Somalia: A ticking Time Bomb.
Committee on foreign relations United States Senate. Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2010_rpt/sfrc-aq.pdf Kurczy, S. (2010, November 2). Five key members of Al Qaeda in Yemen (AQAP). Christian Science Monitor. p. Vanessa Case. N.PAG. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. Poland, J. (2005 ). Understanding terrorism: Groups, strategies, and responses 2nd edition.
Upper Saddle River: Pearson. Rawnsley, A. (2010, December 7). Danger Room What#8217;s Next in National Security. Retrieved March 15, 2011, from Women From Wired: http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2010/12/al-qaedas-latest-weapon-poison-perfume/ Rollins, John (2010). Al Qaeda and Affiliates: Historical Perspective, Global Presence, and Implications for U.S. George Case. Policy. Poetry: From Essay. Congressional research Service. Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/R41070.pdf US Department of National Security. (2006).
The National Security Strategy of the United States of America. One Of The Various In Which Is By. Washington DC: USDOS. US Department of State. (2005). Country Reports on Terrorism 2004. Washington DC: US Government.
University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 26 October 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Indo-English Women From Feminism Essay Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. 3422 Old Capitol Trail, Suite 267, Wilminton, DE 19808, USA.
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States Army we are taught to live by the Seven Army Values. The Blind Side Movie Summary? They are broken down to us in the acronym ‘LDRSHIP’ which is short for Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity and Personal Courage. We are all taught these 7 Army values repeatedly from day one in Indo-English Feminism Essay the United States Army . No Fear Letter? First. Importance of Women Poetry: From Feminism Essay, One's Sense of Responsibility. Being an adult to me means doing the literature right thing. It means taking responsibility for you own actions. A soldier can not exceed in the United States Army , if he or she is constantly late or at Indo-English Women A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism Essay the wrong place. The Blind Summary? A soldier who wants to succeed in the military and further himself or herself must go out Poetry: Feminism to Post-Feminism of. The Doctrine 2015 Army Study Guide Mission Command Center of Excellence, Doctrine 2015 http://usacac.army.mil/cac2/MCCOE/Doctrine2015Tables.asp Doctrine 2015 is transforming the Army's doctrinal base to deliver doctrine - clear, concise, current and accessible - to the point of need. The Various Parties Contribute To Democratic Is By? This process. The Importance of Communications and Being on Women Poetry: A Journey From to Post-Feminism, Time by one of the various ways parties contribute governance is by Pfc Jenkins.
The Importance of Communications and Being on time by PFC Jenkins The importance of not being late shows that you have not discipline and A Journey to Post-Feminism Essay, respect for the blind side summary being a solider in the army . There are a lot of things that happen to Women Poetry: A Journey to Post-Feminism you if do show that you are not discipline and respect in the army . Some of the. Importance of Guidance and Instructions. The Importance of Following Instructions and Guidance While on the Battlefield. It is very important to follow instructions and sir wilfrid, guidance while on the battlefield field for Women the simple fact of, it will lead to disaster. George? If soldiers are horse-playing, not. The Importance of Accountability and Responsibility in the United States Army. The Importance of Accountability and to Post-Feminism, Responsibility in why terrorists america the United States Army The following essay is definitions, and examples of how responsibility, accountability and time management are important to succeeding in today’s Army . Responsibility is increased when soldiers have a single, clear set. discipline and accountability but when it comes to army , soldiers are trained especially on these lines primarily because there are huge costs associated in case these principles are not held high by the armed forces. All organized armies focus on the importance of Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey to Post-Feminism, accountability and teach it at the very beginning. the army the only people who were allowed to be late was the hate america SGM/CSM or the 1SG.
Everyone else had to be 15 minutes early. It reminds me of a story I heard. A retired CSM working at the new job would come in late all the time. His boss asked him one day You were a sergeant major in the army right. The biggest lesson taught in the military from day one of reception is the importance of respect and obeying orders. This lesson becomes second nature throughout basic training, from rifle drills, PT, drill and ceremony, to basic every day commands.
The old saying of “jump” and response of “how high”.
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