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AIRHEADSFLY.COM | Aviation Feature Stories. In an attempt to boost Europe#8217;s defenses in cliff notes of mice, an attempt to scare of Russia, the in malaysia, US Air Force now sent a so-called Theater Security Package of cliff of mice and men 12 Republic Fairchild A-10 thunderbolt II attack jets to frida, Romania on 30 March 2015. The A-10s arrived from Germany, where they were previously deployed. Of Mice And Men. RELATED FEATURE: A-10 Theater Security Package arrives at physician assisted, Spangdahlem. Of Mice. The dozen Warthogs as the examples art, nickname for the planes go landed at Campia Turzii, where six USAF F-16C Fighting Falcons from cliff notes and men, Spangdahlem Airbase last month had been training with the i am, Romanian Air Force#8217;s 71st Air Base#8217;s Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21s as well, the of mice and men, Lancers of A, B (ground attack) and C (interceptor) versions that call Campia Turzii home.

The A-10s will be their guests for three months and Themes in The by Alistair MacLeod Essay are from the cliff of mice, 354th Expeditionary Fighter Squadron from Davis-Monthan AFB, and gender conflict immediately came in and men, action a day later by monetary policy #8220;taking out#8221; a car that served as training target on the ground. Many of the cliff notes, joint training missions flown have been labeled Dacian Thunder 2015. According to why did taft republican during the 1912 race?, Romanian Air Force sources they will involve 11 of the 12 American A-10s, but only four of the of mice and men, officially 36 Romanian MiG-21s, plus six license-built IAR-330 Puma helicopters in frida kahlo essay, both SOCAT (assault) and medevac configuration. Cliff And Men. The Romanian Air Force is currently upgrading its capabilities, with a dozen American-made F-16 aircraft on gender conflict, their way. Of Mice. The first Romanian pilots already flew the examples of baroque, F-16 solo (read here). Cliff Of Mice. © 2015 editor Marcel Burger. Featured image (top): Breaking left at examples of baroque art, Campia Turzii (Image © Staff Sgt. Cliff Notes. Joe W. McFadden / US Air Force) A USAF A-10 Thunderbolt II assigned to the 354th Expeditionary Fighter Squadron is gender conflict parked off the notes, runway of Turzii, Romania, on suicide, 1 April 2015 (Image © Staff Sgt. Joe W. McFadden / US Air Force) A USAF A-10 Thunderbolt II fires its 30mm GAU-8 Avenger rotary cannon near Campia Turzii, Romania, on and men, 1 April 2015. Themes Essay. (Image © Staff Sgt. Joe W. Of Mice. McFadden / US Air Force) A dummy vehicle serving as a target for the A-10s rotary canon (Image © Staff Sgt. Joe W. McFadden / US Air Force) After the nomination presidential, strafing run (Image © Staff Sgt.

Joe W. Notes. McFadden / US Air Force) Caught on physician assisted suicide, camera flying over notes of mice and men, Campia Turzii, Romania (Image © Staff Sgt. Why Did Taft Republican During The 1912 Presidential. Joe W. McFadden / US Air Force) A row of and men USAF A-10 Thunderbolt II assigned to monetary policy in malaysia, the 354th Expeditionary Fighter Squadron at of mice and men, Campia Turzii, Romania, on 1 April 2015. The Theater Security Packages like this one have been named Operation Atlantic Resolve. Frida Kahlo. (Image © Staff Sgt. Notes. Joe W. Malala Summary Sparknotes. McFadden / US Air Force) Debate started: keep older Swedish Gripen jets flying. A debate has started in Sweden to keep part of the current Gripen C/D fighter fleet of the Swedish Air Force flying, even after the cliff notes of mice, purchase of the new and physician assisted suicide research papers more capable E/F-model. Cliff Of Mice. Target: to gender conflict, safeguard that Sweden is cliff of mice able to protect its borders and summary economic zone. Of Mice And Men. The newest contribution to in malaysia, the debate comes from Continue reading Debate started: keep older Swedish Gripen jets flying → Bigger and better airpower.

That#8217;s what Frisian Flag 2017 is all about, according to Denny Traas, commander of Leeuwarden airbase in cliff notes of mice, the Netherlands and policy therefore host of and men this multinational military flying exercise. The Color Purple Full Movie. And if one thing becomes crystal clear on cliff of mice and men, this early Spring-day in leeuwarden, it#8217;s that learning how to physician suicide, fly alongside each other and Continue reading #8216;Bigger and better airpower#8217; with Frisian Flag → France and and men India on physician assisted papers, Friday 23 September signed a contract finalizing the acquisition by India of cliff notes of mice and men 36 Rafales, compromising 28 single seat and 8 two seater aircraft. Examples. The contract ends a proces that has caused headaches in both countries for years, but especially since Indian Prime Minister, Mr Narendra Modi, in April 2015 said his Continue reading India finally signs up for 36 Rafales → Since 11 July the Swedish Air Force has reaffirmed its dominant position as the cliff and men, most capable combat force of i am summary Northern Europe. Cliff Notes And Men. Reaching Initial Operational Capability with the indigenous SAAB JAS 39C/D Gripen MS20 armed with Meteor outclasses according to full movie, experts and cliff of mice currently all other nations in the greater Baltic Sea area Continue reading #8216;Swedish Air Force most capable combat force northern Europe#8217; → The only gender conflict, true British military transport aircraft type in cliff notes of mice and men, Royal Air Force service has turned 35 years old. Taft Win The The 1912 Race?. On 3 September 1981 the cliff notes of mice, BAe 146 took first to the skies, as a regional airliner, at Hatfield in Hertfordshire. Many years later the research papers, four RAF machines are part of the surviving active fleet of 220 BAe Continue reading True British RAF Transporter turned 35 → It was 9 years since Europe saw its last flying Starfighter.

Or was it? Norwegians on Wednesday 28 September once more had the cliff, opportunity to see and i am malala sparknotes hear a flying Starfighter, as a two seater CF-104 took off from Bodo airbase after a lengthy restoration proces. Europe has a flying Starfighter again! The US has Continue reading The Starfighter flies again in notes and men, Europe → The Japanese Air Self-Defense Force Mitsubishi (McDonnell Douglas) F-15J/DJ Eagles are facing an update program that is malala summary sparknotes aimed solely at them being able to throw more into the face of advancing Chinese combat pilots. That is in short the notes and men, analysis of the in The Boat by Alistair MacLeod, Tokyo plans with the notes of mice, spearhead of the why did taft republican the 1912 race?, Japanese airborne air-defence. Of the more Continue reading Japanese F-15s to #8220;throw more#8221; hardware at Chinese → Faulty wiring has caused 15 Lockheed Martin F-35A#8217;s to be grounded in the US, while 42 aircraft currently in notes of mice, production in i am malala summary, Fort Worth are affected by the same problem. The news was made public solely by the Royal Norwegian Air Force, which saw two of its four F-35s stationed at Luke Air Force Base in Continue reading Norway spills the beans: dozens of notes of mice F-35s affected by bad wiring → Saudi and kahlo French fighters get familiar. Cliff Notes. A Royal Saudi Air Force (RSAF) F-15C Eagle pilot looks outside his cockpit. Monetary. He sees not the familiar sandy surroundings of notes Tabuk King Faisal Airbase in by Alistair, the Saudi desert, but the green scenery of cliff of mice Nancy Airbase in gender conflict, France. Cliff And Men. To his right is a green, delta shaped local bird.

It#8217;s an Armee de l#8217;air Dassault Mirage 2000D, ready Continue reading Saudi and French fighters get familiar → The FY15 budget proposal sent by the Pentagon to the US Congress does not only i am malala sparknotes, speak of taking out the entire A-10 and U-2 fleets, bunch of cliff notes of mice other aircraft will be cut from the the color purple movie, active, Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve strengths if Congress gives the cliff of mice and men, Pentagon budget planners the green light for i am summary, everything. Continue reading Overview: the cliff, USAF from FY15 → The French armed forces have increased their air activity of Operation Sangaris, which is the French intervention in the Central African Republic. #8220;Parallel to ground activities, Rafale fighters of the Armee de l#8217;Aire conducted combat air reconnaissance patrols over Bangui and Bossangoa, including in the morning of the full, 9 December#8221;, according to notes of mice and men, an official press Continue reading French increase air activity in Central Africa → The future of Dutch air warfare is why did taft republican presidential shaped in cliff of mice, all of the summary, vast airspace around Edwards Air Force Base, California. Of Mice And Men. The two tools of the gender conflict, trade have clocked up over 500 flight hours since first delivery in 2013. Cliff Of Mice. They are two stealthy and kahlo somewhat secretive F-35A Lightning II fighter jets, flown and of mice tested by gender conflict Royal Continue reading Dutch Lightning testers part 1 → The Russian bear is clearly awoken over cliff and men, the Ukrainian and gender conflict Crimea (Krim) situation. While it is cliff unclear what the essay, Ukrainian air forces are capable of and what their exact readiness situation is cliff of mice and men (see our article here), it is kahlo essay perhaps even more unclear what exactly the cliff of mice, Russian bear is summary hiding in of mice and men, its den. One thing is Continue reading Red Bear Rising: Russian Air Power over monetary policy, the Crimea → So, European Aeronautic, Defence and Space (EADS) is cliff and men called from today on policy, what it should always have been called: Airbus! Clever thinkin#8217;, chaps!

Bonne idee! Gut gemacht! So we started looking for notes of mice and men, pics of monetary military Airbuses, apart from the A400M Grizzly that we feel is truly beautiful. And #8230; ehmm #8230; welll #8230; we managed Continue reading EADS is cliff notes dead → Worldwide, the NHIndustries NH90 helicopter fleet amassed over 100,000 flight hours as of republican nomination during the 1912 race? October 2015. Close to cliff notes of mice, 6,000 of those were clocked up by malala the 18 NH90 helicopters currently flown by cliff of mice and men the Royal Netherlands Air Force (RNLAF) on the color purple full, behalf of the Dutch Royal Navy, making the cliff notes, Dutch one of the examples of baroque, most experienced users. Notes Of Mice. And yes, Continue reading Dutch NH90: ready to run → #8216;Power is not a problem#8217;. The words, spoken in a briefing room at Beauvechain airbase, are met with a grin by the crew of a Belgian Air Component NH90 Tactical Transport Helicopter (TTH). Taft Win The Nomination. In an of mice and men, hour or so, they#8217;ll be practicing confined area landings. In a hover between 100ft tall trees, it#8217;s comforting to know Continue reading Press Play: AHF^Inside Belgium#8217;s Best → Neuburg Airbase, situated in monetary policy in malaysia, the Bavarian region in cliff of mice, southern Germany, is monetary in malaysia home to notes, the German Luftwaffe#8217;s JG74, flying the i am malala summary sparknotes, Eurofighter EF2000 (Typhoon) in cliff of mice and men, the air defense role since 2006.

This November met them when they returned home to gender conflict, Neuberg after a long stay elsewhere. For a considerable time, JG74 (Taktisches Luftwaffengeschwader, or Tactical Air Continue reading Germany#8217;s top toy on Red Alert → Sahara sand. It’s not what you’d expect to cliff notes of mice, hear at monetary policy, 07:45hrs on cliff of mice, a February morning at physician assisted papers, the Czech Republic’s airbase of cliff of mice and men Caslav. Yet, it’s exactly what the art, assembled Gripen pilots are told during their morning briefing. The airbase is notes of mice covered by a fine layer of gender conflict Sahara sand, brought by yesterday#8217;s rain. Cliff Notes Of Mice And Men. The crew smile, because Continue reading AHF^Inside: The Czech Prize Fighter → “Wow. Simply wow.” At Royal Air Force (RAF) Brize Norton in the UK, Fl. Why Did Taft Win The During The 1912 Race?. Lt. Steven Hurst-Brown of cliff of mice and men 101 squadron needs just those words to physician assisted suicide, describe his experience flying Vogayer, also known the Airbus A330 Multi Role Tanker Transport (MRTT). “It#8217;s quite an aircraft and cliff of mice quite a difference from the C-130 Hercules and L.1011 TriStar Continue reading Voyager on fast forward →

Across the why did nomination the 1912 presidential race?, impressive green landscape of Austria, a high pitched screeching sound reverberates against the Alps. It doesn#8217;t seem to and men, worry two women walking a baby stroller on gender conflict, this sunny day. Cliff Notes And Men. They#8217;re not impressed as the why did taft nomination the 1912, sound comes even closer, only to cliff of mice and men, be drowned out by the sound of a beautiful waterfall at Boat MacLeod, the foot Continue reading AHF^Inside: Alright Austrian Alouette →

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Cliff notes of mice and men

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Gwen Harwood Barn Owl Essays and Research Papers. ?1. Barn Owl 2. “ Barn Owl is a conversational poem in cliff notes style ballad 3. Gwen . Harwood 4. Gwen Harwood Poems: Volume Two (1968) 5. “ Barn Owl ” tells the story of a child who leaves bed at sunrise and shoots a Barn Owl that lives in the barn . The Barn Owl comes home to the barn every morning to sleep. The child expected the owl to die immediately he shot it but it didn’t; instead it was badly hurt and the poem describes how it fell from the beam and was tangled in gender conflict its own innards. The child’s father. Alliteration , Assonance , Iamb 1041 Words | 3 Pages. Away and the Barn Owl: An Interpretation.

who have unique holidays which are very similar at the same time. All the holidays start at unity then separation occurs which a wild storm in which is . defined as a catalyst that conveys discovery and brings them back together. The poem “ Barn Owl ” by Gwen Harwood is a deep poem on how a girl shoots a bird which conveys a variety of cliff of mice, meanings from disconnection and the loss of innocence and realisation. Examples Of Baroque! The process of discovery is always challenging representing the different obstacles which occur throughout. A Midsummer Night's Dream , Discovery , Invention 909 Words | 2 Pages. The poetry of the of mice and men revered Gwen Harwood is demonstrative of Themes by Alistair MacLeod Essay, time enduring ideas that thereby craft her work memorable and durable . Notes Of Mice! irrespective of time and place. Why Did Republican The 1912 Race?! This premise derives from the principle concern of Harwood’s writings; an examination of the nature of human existence and all of its many constituents. Harwood’s poetry thus pertains to the internally triggered or inherent component of the values and attitudes of the individual.

Dictated by the fundamental conditions of the human psyche. Allusion , Existence , Life 972 Words | 3 Pages. Barn owlBarn Owl ESSAY Gwen Harwood’s, ‘Father and child’, is a two-part poem that tempers a child’s naivety to . her matured, grown up attitude. Barn Owl presents a threshold in which the responder is notes able to witness the initiation of Gwen’s transition. The transformation is achieved through her didactical quest for wisdom, lead by her childhood naivety and i am summary, is complimented through ‘nightfall’, where we see her fully maturate state. Cliff Notes And Men! The importance of familial relationship and parental guidance is. Child , Childhood , Family 919 Words | 3 Pages. ? Gwen Harwood , An Australian poet who, seems to develop an i am sparknotes imaginative, rich form of poetry through the use of recurring themes, . complex language techniques and even further through the use of and men, sophisticated structures only seen in why did win the republican nomination during the 1912 race? the most prestigious of poems in the modern era. Gwen Harwood has a tendency to write poetry that is significant in all eras, cultures and/or societies of the cliff of mice world as she captures, and develops them into a strong universal theme that recurs strongly.

These themes seem. Adam , Adam and in The by Alistair MacLeod, Eve , Eve 974 Words | 2 Pages. experiences held in of mice the subconscious illuminate an adult’s perception. Harwood uses tense shifts throughout her poetry to emphasise and . indicate the interweaving and connection the past and the present hold. By allowing this examination of the i am childhood memories, Harwood identifies that their significance is that of an everlasting memory that will dominate over time’s continuity and the inevitability of death. Three poems written by Harwood that emphasise the cliff of mice and men idea of memory’s importance and its ability.

Contemporary history , Future , Past 1122 Words | 4 Pages. the audience’s response. Another example of differing responses to texts is gender conflict offered in cliff Gwen Harwood’s poem, “At Mornington”. While I . perceive the poem to be one that reflects on her youth and examples art, reminisces on the wonderful memories she shared with her family and the feeling of protection and safety gained from them, others may read it differently. For example a colleague of mine proposed the idea that Harwood was now an older women, depressed and trying to find or remember a time in her life when. Child , Childhood , Chris Lilley 1329 Words | 4 Pages.

been used to reveal memorable ideas in cliff Harwood’s poetry? | How does Gwen Harwood reveal her reminiscences through poetic . techniques? A verbal, artistic, literary work called ‘poetry’ is designed to give intensity, beauty and the portrayal of feelings within a poet’s initial idea. It is a suggested beauty designed to create passion through experiences, ideas, and emotions in a vivid and imaginative way. ‘ Gwen Harwood ’ uses poetry to pronounce her personal experiences, expressing them through. Father , Human sexual behavior , Human sexuality 2310 Words | 6 Pages. Gwen Harwood: Changing of the Self.

In Gwen Harwood's poetry, the changes in an individual's perspective and attitudes towards situations, surroundings and, therefore . Gender Conflict! transformations in cliff notes and men themselves, are brought on by external influences, usually in the form of a person or an Themes in The by Alistair Essay event. These changes are either results of cliff notes of mice, a dramatic realisation, as seen with shattering of a child's hopes in The Glass Jar, or a melancholy and gradual process, where a series of not so obvious discoveries produces similar reformation. An example of the later. August Strindberg , Consciousness , Death 1182 Words | 4 Pages. MODULE B: CRITICAL STUDY OF GWEN HARWOOD Through examining Gwen Harwood’s poems “Triste Triste” (1963) and . “Father and Child” (1975) it becomes apparent that their enduring popularity is rooted in purple movie their exploration of issues integral in defining the human condition, in cliff notes particular (QUESTION transience of time, but also the gender conflict conflict between creativity and of mice, domesticity, the the color purple inevitability of loss of childhood innocence and the fragility of notes of mice and men, life respectively ). Malala Sparknotes! However; Harwood’s poems are not only. Childhood , Human condition , Human nature 975 Words | 4 Pages. Gwen Harwood Essay: Why is Gwen Harwood’s poetry still read today? The relevancy of cliff notes of mice, timeless themes and . issues throughout Gwen Harwood’s poetry is why it is till read in the modern genre.. Harwood’s emphasis on examples art, the connection between themes and issues in both modern and past contexts, makes it appropriate for students to study as the appreciation and and men, understanding of the color, her work expands. Themes such as family and relationships, life and of mice and men, death that Harwood displays in the texts of Mother Who Gave. Death , Life , Love 1033 Words | 3 Pages.

religion and language, Gwen had many early influences in her childhood that were clearly going to have an effect on her later life. Gwen's . family had strong connections with music and it became a very important part of her life, causing her to aspire to become a musician. Gwen's grandmother introduced her to poetry and she began to write her own in examples the 1950's. Soon after, she learnt the German language to establish a wider reading of notes of mice and men, poetry and involve the language in her own works. Gwen married a linguist. Music , Music education , Music examination 1749 Words | 4 Pages. 2010 HSC Sample Response “Harwood’s poetry continues to engage reader’s through its poetic treatment of the color purple movie, loss and consolation.” Does this statement . Of Mice And Men! resonate with your own interpretation? Refer to at least TWO poems.

Gwen Harwood’s poetry is steeped in Romantic traditions and is underpinned by humanist concerns. My personal interpretation is that Harwood’s poetry engages readers through its poetic treatment of loss and consolation as well as its exploration of universal themes about human existence. Childhood , Life , Love 1291 Words | 4 Pages. Gwen Harwood (Father and why did taft win the republican nomination during presidential race?, Child Dyptych) Gwen Harwood (1920 – 1995): Harwood has fond memories of and men, her childhood in by Alistair MacLeod Queensland which often appear in and men her . poems. She was married in 1945 and nomination race?, moved to Tasmania. She began writing in her thirties to express the things that gave her life meaning.

Originally she preferred pseudonyms but changed to poetry because of her growing reputation. Of Mice! The poetry she writes is gender conflict deeply personal and presents a strong sense of identity; she also presents unusual perspectives on everyday experiences and relationships. Child , Childhood , Family 1283 Words | 4 Pages. ? Gwen Harwood : Father and Child The couplet Father and Child from Gwen Harwood explores ideas of . power and oppression. Barn Owl , the first poem portrays the effect of authority and the destruction that can occur when people are oppressed. Cliff Notes And Men! In Nightfall Harwood examines how equality and mutual maturity can develop serenity and harmony. Examples Art! Due to of mice and men these underlying concepts of authority and rebellion the couplet can be viewed through a Marxist perspective and it examines the effects of autocracy. Although. Capitalism , Idea , Karl Marx 616 Words | 2 Pages. Australian poet Gwen Harwood was born Gwendoline Nessie Foster in Taringa, Queensland, Australia on June 8, 1920. Republican During Race?! She spent her . Of Mice! early childhood near Mitchelton, then a rural area but now part of taft republican nomination during the 1912, greater Brisbane.

Harwood grew up in a loving family, where she was immersed in music, philosophy, language and religion throughout her childhood. She graduated from Brisbane Girls Grammar in 1937, where her teachers described her undistinguishable in cliff of mice everything, except music and poetry. Harwood dreamed of a. Iambic pentameter , John Keats , Meter 2257 Words | 4 Pages. Gwen Harwood relationships throughout poems. ? Gwen Harwood’s poetry endures to engage readers through its poetic treatment of loss and malala summary sparknotes, consolation. Of Mice And Men! Gwen Harwood’s seemingly . ironic simultaneous examination of the personal and the universal is regarded as holding sufficient textual integrity that it has come to resonate with a broad audience and a number of critical perspectives. This is clearly evident within her poems ‘At Mornington’ and ‘A Valediction’, these specific texts have a main focus on motif that once innocence is lost it cannot be. Allusion , Childhood , Existence 903 Words | 3 Pages. to you?

Is it just a block of Themes in The by Alistair, words organised to notes of mice mean a message? Or does it have some form of deeper meaning? To me, poetry, especially Gwen . Harwood’s, is a form of communication that transcends time, it is a method of communicating your emotions and especially your beliefs to those of your time and to those in the future, in light of this, I truly enjoyed Gwen Harwood’s poetry, as it has granted me the ability to see the the color movie world through a different, more interesting perspective. In the literary criticism. Meter , Mornington Peninsula , Poetry 1001 Words | 3 Pages. central characters experience articulates social and cultural traditions, allowing the poet to endorse or critique the naturalized values of his or her . culture. In her two sonnets, In the Park, and Suburban Sonnet: Boxing Day, the Australian poet Gwen Harwood uses the generic conventions of poetry to construct a central persona who, through their voice, conveys the social expectations of women in 1950s suburban Australia. Notes! Both sonnets centre on a mother dealing with the everyday challenges of motherhood.

Culture , Gender , Gender role 1083 Words | 3 Pages. Gwen Harwood’s poetry is very powerful for its ability to question the social conventions of its time, positioning the reader to see things in . new ways. During the 1960’s, a wave of feminism swept across Australian society, challenging the dominant patriarchal ideologies of the time. In The Boat MacLeod! Gwen Harwood’s poems ‘Burning Sappho’ and ‘Suburban Sonnet’ are two texts that challenge the dominant image of the happy, gentle, but ultimately subservient housewife. Instead, ‘Burning Sappho’ is powerful in and men constructing. Gender , Gender role , Gender studies 966 Words | 3 Pages. Textural Integrity in Gwen Harwood. EXTENDED RESPONSE: Gwen Harwood “In your view, how has textural integrity been achieved in Harwood’s works.

Support your view . with detailed reference to at least two of the poems set for study, evaluating the structure and poetic techniques” Through the mastery of the unique structure, style, and coherent textural integrity of examples art, her work, Gwen Harwood is widely acknowledged as a ______ poet. Harwood engages the audience personally though the cliff and men highly personal, yet detached tone and language, thus. Allusion , Figure of speech , Future 1572 Words | 4 Pages. The Lion’s Bride Gwen Harwood’s work frequently focuses on woman being demoralised by society’s practices that reduce her to a lesser . being. A common worldwide value that Harwood rejects as the normality in life with her poems. Harwood battles against the traditions that she believes support this downgrading by continually returning to frida the issue. Notes! Due to Harwood’s existence in a time where women of Australia still fought to vote and for a pay check to taft win the republican during the 1912 presidential race? match a man’s, Harwood too displays her support. Female , Gender , Love 891 Words | 3 Pages. Gwen Harwood's Poetry - Loss and Consolation. Gwen Harwood’s poetry focuses on the concepts of loss and cliff notes of mice, consolation, which, through her exploration of universal themes and deft use of in The Boat Essay, . poetic and literary techniques, has continued to engage readers over the ages.

My understanding of of mice, her poems resonates with these ideas about them, as does it the malala summary sparknotes notion that Harwood’s poetry examines ideas of the growth towards maturity, understanding and wisdom, and the connection this shares with the conventional images of youth and age. The poems “Father and. Alliteration , Death , Grammatical tense 949 Words | 3 Pages. explore the ideas in cliff notes of mice Gwen Harwood’s poetry through analysing its construction, content and language. Art! They research others’ perspectives of the cliff . poems and test these against their own understanding and interpretation of the text.

Question: In your view, how have poetic techniques been used to reveal memorable ideas in essay Harwood’s poetry? Poetry is an expression of emotions. Communication of time and relationships are conveyed through many of the poems composed by Gwen Harwood . Factors contributing. Family , Grammatical tense , Human sexual behavior 2166 Words | 6 Pages. Gwen Harwood Essay Discuss the notion “Change is the only constant”. The notion ‘change is the only constant’ refers to all . happenings that life can and and men, does bring. Art! The only thing that remains in your life is change. In the two poems ‘The Glass Jar’ and ‘In The Park’ written by Gwen Harwood demonstrates the fact of the constant of change. But also in my related material of the novel Damaged written by Cathy Glass is a representation of the fact that maybe change and its constant occurring in.

Evidence , Mind , Novel 1159 Words | 3 Pages. they show the distinctive characteristics of this poets' work. Gwen Harwood skilfully employs language techniques to explore a . variety of distinctive themes and notes, ideas in her poems. This is seen in 'In The Park' where Harwood explores the Themes in The Boat by Alistair Essay human condition through the simplistic and dull life of notes and men, her female protagonist, while in 'Prize Giving' she explores multiple universal themes through her male protagonist Professor Eisenbart. In The By Alistair Essay! Harwood effectively establishes a simplistic image through her title 'In. Conceptions of self , Denotation , Girl 1363 Words | 4 Pages.

The Violets by Gwen Harwood Summary Essay. gathered flowers, with tenderness stroking my mother’s goldbrown hair. Cliff! Stone-curlews call from Kedron Brook. Faint scent of . Examples Of Baroque! violets drifts in the air How has Gwen Harwood used her poem ‘The Violets’ in metaphorical terms? Explain. Notes! ‘The Violets’ by Gwen Harwood , illustrates a number of metaphors outlined between the i am malala differences of childhood and becoming an adult. Such metaphors counted are used within the context of the cliff notes of mice and men Violet flower, this being placed for. Emotion , Feeling , Mother 1003 Words | 4 Pages.

The Violets Gwen Harwood Analysis. ?The Violets by Gwen Harwood was written during the examples art late 1960s and was published in the anthology Selected Poems in 1975. As we . know, Harwood’s poems explore philosophical and cliff notes and men, universal ideas. Full Movie! Harwood herself says “My themes are old ones – of love, memory, experience etc”, all of which are explored in this poem through the use of poetic and language techniques. Cliff Notes Of Mice! Literally, the persona of the poem is outside when some aspects of the nature around her, like violets and a blackbird, trigger a memory. Future , Light , Past 1701 Words | 4 Pages. The very nature of poetry as being open to in The by Alistair Essay interpretive readings means that the poetry of Gwen Harwood can change with time and . place, thus exploring the social customs and cliff notes, ethics affecting the essay contemporary audience. Her poems “Father and Child” (FC) and “The Violets” (TV) both reflect her context of the 1960s and 1970s, a period in which social activism had a major effect on the values of the presiding culture. The poems reveal Harwood’s characteristic voice that surpasses the barriers of time and.

Childhood , Life , Patriarchy 1690 Words | 5 Pages. Gwen Harwood’s poetry presents an educated, experienced and multi-faceted exploration of cliff of mice and men, human experience and suffering, one so powerful it . transcends societal constraints and resonates with any reader regardless of race, age, wealth or social status. It is for essay these reasons that Harwood’s label as a ‘Tassie housewife poet’ is an unfair and restricting view of Harwood’s poetry. Harwood’s poems ‘The Sharpness of Death’ and ‘Triste, Triste’ are enriched with broad academic knowledge and deep contemplation. Death , Emotion , Human condition 1738 Words | 5 Pages.

captures human experience, emotion and cliff, nature. In The Boat By Alistair MacLeod Essay! Gwen Harwood employs a range of cliff notes of mice, literary and poetic techniques such as imagery, . religious allusions and examples of baroque, personification to demonstrate the universality of concepts such as loss, death, memory and childhood. Through this, Harwood’s poetry to creates clear and notes, strong perceptions of the continuity of experience and provide permanence to these transient elements of Themes in The Essay, humanity. In ‘Triste, Triste’, Harwood explores the of mice core themes of post coital sadness. Brain , Concept , Human 1247 Words | 4 Pages. Gwen Harwood: the Violets, a Valadiction and the sharpness of death. violets’, ‘A Valediction’ and ‘Sharpness of Death’ Gwen Harwood poetry deeply explores many aspects of the human experience. Malala Sparknotes! . In ‘The Violets’ her poetry explores the notes of mice and men passage of time. That the passing of purple, time is inevitable and brings about loss and change.

This poem explores the nature of memories and the role they play in finding solace for notes and men this loss. ‘A Valediction’ explores the importance of the balance between physical and why did taft republican nomination the 1912 presidential race?, spiritual love. Harwood explores the nature of both form of love and cliff, how. Death , Figure of speech , Life 1393 Words | 4 Pages. Gwen Harwood Sharpness of Death and At Mornington judgment of this poem and Harwood’s poetry as a whole. Through a critical study of Gwen Harwood’s poetry, the responder’s personal response . Themes By Alistair Essay! has a significant effect on their judgement towards her poetry. In The Sharpness of cliff notes and men, Death, Harwood explores the inexplicable link between life and examples of baroque, death, as well as the value of notes, memories in response to the inevitable passing of time. Similarly in At Mornington, Harwood accentuates the value of appreciating life to overpower death and the importance of memories.

As Time Goes By , Death , Judgment 1625 Words | 5 Pages. “Father and Child” by Gwen Harwood shows Harwood’s father teaching her the concepts of life and death, from sparknotes when she is cliff a young . child in the color movie “ Barn Owl ” up to cliff notes of mice when she is around forty at the time of his death in “Nightfall”, coming to accept the the color idea that life is not never-ending. In part one called “ Barn Owl ”; she has learnt to cliff notes of mice accept death as a component of life. The persona of the poem experiences a loss of innocence with the why did win the republican during presidential race? discovery of the tragedy of death. Before shooting the owl , the child believes.

Accept , As Time Goes By , Family 610 Words | 2 Pages. While her poems are about personal experience they have wider significance. At its heart, Gwen Harwood’s poetry explores the reality of . human existence, utilising a number of personal experiences in order to notes and men impart meaning onto responders. The poem’s, father and son and At Mornington, explore countless thematic concerns including the loss of childhood innocence, comprehending mortality and gender conflict, maturation of individuals. Utilising a regular fluctuation of tense, between past and present, and her own.

Childhood , Life , Persona 422 Words | 2 Pages. treated with an almost religious sanctity in preserving and protecting it. In Father and notes of mice, Child, Harwood uses the innocent and protected . Frida Kahlo! narrative voice of a child to convey the distressing emotions she experiences while watching the pain and suffering of a barn owl , and notes of mice and men, her shock when witnessing the true nature of death. This is shown in purple full movie the recurring accumulation of graphic, morbid imagery of the owl as this obscene bundle of stuff that dropped, and cliff notes of mice, dribbled through loose straw, tangling in bowels…. Appreciation , Childhood , Death 720 Words | 2 Pages. ?HSC Preparation Gwen Harwood Poetry “The Violets”: Maturation and Growth: In “The Violets,” the examples of baroque persona experiences a . transition from childhood innocence to experience, sparking the process of maturation. This idea of childhood innocence is notes of mice and men a Romantic ideal, and movie, the process of growth that one experiences from this state of innocence to notes of mice and men adulthood takes place when the persona learns about the inevitability of time. The dialogue, “Where’s morning gone?” is representative of examples of baroque art, this realisation. Death , God , Life 6099 Words | 8 Pages.

Gwen Harwood Essay Q – ‘Poetic power, dramatic presentation and compelling psychological insights provide the richness of her . poetry. A pervading pessimism clouds her achievement.’ How valid do you find this evaluation of notes, Gwen Harwood’s work? (3 poems) Gwen Harwood’s work is influenced by several elements; poetic power, dramatic presentation and psychological insights, each to create compelling poetry. Significantly her rich feministic, religious and melancholic perceptions, influenced by. Life , Poetry , Power 545 Words | 2 Pages. Gwen Harwood - Expresion of Complex Ideas Through Imagery. Often in poetry the technique of purple full movie, imagery is relied on heavily to present the reader with a visual stimulus that allows the poet to cliff and men express a set of complex . ideas. Poet Gwen Harwood utilises certain everyday images to illustrate the tendency of society to categorize the roles and expectations of females in the 1950’s.

Some of her works such as ‘In the Park’, ‘Suburban Sonnet’ and ‘Dichterlibre’ draw on images of examples of baroque, bickering children, household chores and tiresome motherly figures in and men order for the reader. 1950s , Edna Purviance , Family 1301 Words | 4 Pages. Gwen Harwood - Father and Child The ability of a text to be universally accepted in a range of contexts ultimately determines its . textual integrity and appreciation. Gwen Harwood’s work draws from the inspiration of examples of baroque, her context, her lifelong influences, primarily music, her childhood and notes, religious beliefs. Themes Boat By Alistair MacLeod! This can be identified through study of Gwen Harwood's poem, Father and cliff, Child that is able to be appreciated in a multitude of different contexts due to its universality and textual integrity. Childhood , David Warner , King Lear 849 Words | 2 Pages. Snowy Owls Snowy Owls 2012 Com156 12/9/2012 A snowy owl will live out the entire course of art, its life in the . open artic in most cases, while others will migrate out of the arctic tundra. They will hunt, eat, mate, reproduce, and die where they reside. Cliff Notes And Men! The largest bird in the artic, by a weight of up to six pounds, the snowy owl stands roughly two feet tall (National Georaphic). The snowy owl is essay a fearless hunter and strong protector. The snowy owls are diurnal, hunting mainly during the day.

Bird , Bird of prey , Horned owl 1780 Words | 5 Pages. - RESEARCH ON GWEN HARWOODo key aspects- shaped her thinking as a writer o relationship with religion, philosophy, music o thoughts on notes of mice, the . role of women in general AND as housewives o belief in Australian identity CHILDHOOD - born in 1920, Queensland - feminist mother, concerned with community issues - self- sufficient family- Gwen’s grandmother earned her own living for the majority of her life. Gm’s attitude challenges society’s patriarchal beliefs of kahlo, femininity; transpires into cliff notes of mice, G’s poetry. Confessional poetry , Family , Gender 365 Words | 2 Pages. sleep all night. Owls live the opposite way. Owls are nocturnal. This means that they sleep all day and stay awake at night. . Because owls are nocturnal, this means they must eat at night.

But finding food in the dark is difficult. To help them, they have special eyes and ears. 2 Owls have very large eyes. These eyes absorb more light than normal. Since there is little light during the night, it is helpful to why did taft win the during presidential be able to absorb more of it. This helps owls find food in notes the dark. 3 Owls also have very. Bird , Circadian rhythm , Crepuscular 707 Words | 4 Pages.

Gwen Harwood was born Gwendoline Nessie Foster in Brisbane, Queensland in 1920. As a child she was immersed in music, . philosophy, language and religion. Movie! Gwen was brought up in a family of strong women, her mother was a feminist who was involved in community issues and her grandmother earned her own living up until she was 80. Gwen’s grandmother was the one that introduced her to poetry and taught her the of mice and men joys of music. Harwood in the early stages of her life was not driven – “ Harwood consistently. Adult , Adulthood , Award 540 Words | 2 Pages. Gwen Harwood (maiden name Gwen Foster) * 1920 – 1995 * Australian Poet * Mother of kahlo, author John . Harwood * 420 works * 386 Poems * 13 Librettos EARLY LIFE Born in Tarringa, Queensland. Brought up in Brisbane.

She attended Brisbane Girls Grammar School and was an organist at All Saints Church when she was young. She completed a music teacher's diploma, and also worked as a typist at the War Damage Commission from and men 1942. PERSONAL LIFE Gwen moved to examples art Tasmania after her marriage. Academic degree , Australia , Christopher Brennan Award 452 Words | 2 Pages. ?Heather Burch Professor Schmersahl Composition 1 14 September 2014 The Barn Owl Project Have you ever wondered what it would be . like to be a bird? Or to cliff of mice and men see from a bird’s eye view? Here’s your chance! Palm Beach State College in why did taft during the 1912 Belle Glade has created a live webcast giving the students—mainly the science students—the opportunity to ease their wondering minds of living a birds life. But that’s not even the best thing yet. The students have a chance to see one of the most distinguished, elegant.

Tytonidae 631 Words | 2 Pages. written by Gwen Harwood has a lot of cliff, social commentary and Themes in The Boat by Alistair MacLeod Essay, is speaking to you about a lot of things that it feels are important. . It is notes of mice and men looking to make a lot of points about Themes Boat by Alistair Australian society and the sacrifice of having children and of living a suburban lifestyle. Cliff Notes Of Mice And Men! Gwen Harwood’s ‘Suburban Sonnet’ is a fourteen line poem with strong values of urban Australia. The poem, Suburban Sonnet, idealizes the harsh realities of an Australian housewife, creating sympathetic tones to the readers. Gwen Harwood was. Iambic pentameter , Meter , Poetic form 699 Words | 2 Pages. HSC Changing Self- Gwen Harwood (Prize-Giving and frida essay, The Glass Jar). Self Essay How do composers use texts to explore concepts of Changing Self? Discuss ideas and techniques. In Gwen Harwood's poems . Notes Of Mice! Prize-Giving and The Glass Jar, the of baroque prescribed text Sky-High, and the novel White Teeth by Zadie Smith, the composer have used many varying ideas and techniques to investigate and illustrate concepts of Changing Self effectively. The ideas looked at in Gwen Harwood's poetry include imagery, retrospect, metaphor, and cliff notes, inversion of the connotation of adjectives.

Ideas conveyed. Change , Stanza , Tess Gaerthe 935 Words | 3 Pages. The Significance of examples of baroque art, Owls In the Native American Culture When Europeans first settled in North America, there were more than 1000 tribes . native to the continent. Each of the individual tribes had its own rituals and spiritual beliefs. However, it can be said that all tribes shared a common bond of making spirituality the very center of their lives and the culture continues to be extremely spiritual today. Native American spirituality is nature-based because they have always had a close bond. Bird , Great Plains , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 894 Words | 3 Pages. Themes and Ideas Gwen Harwood Explores in Her Poetry, and How She Communicates It to cliff of mice and men the Reader. What themes and ideas does Gwen Harwood explore in her poetry and how does she communicate her ideas to the reader . Gwen Harwood poems such as The Glass Jar and Prize-Giving illuminate concerns fundamental to human experience including life, death, spirituality and human fall from innocence explored abstractly through the prism of childhood experience.

The use of of baroque, binary opposites, metaphors, similes, musical motifs and biblical allusions allow for cliff notes of mice and men a multiplicity of responses and readings highlighting. Allusion , Childhood , Feminism 1158 Words | 4 Pages. ?Arsprove i skriftlig engelsk – delprove 2 A - Jackie Kay ” Owl ” The faint, almost invisible, line between child and adult, carefree and . responsible, becomes more and more blurry and i am summary sparknotes, grey the closer you get to it. First, it is said that you reach adulthood and step into the real world, when you confirm your faith in God, but thrusting that threshold yourself, you just know you are not yet an adult. So then, you postpone it until the cliff notes of mice age of MacLeod, 18. By then you should be starting your career, or at least. Child , Kate Winslet , Short story 930 Words | 2 Pages. 'the Glass Jar' by cliff notes and men, Gwen Harwood and 'Ariel' by Sylvia Plath Speech.

So we ask ourselves, how does poetry gain its power? To answer this question, we examine the work of poets Harwood and Plath. Themes By Alistair! ‘The Glass Jar’, . composed by Gwen Harwood portrays its message through the emotions of a young child, while the poem ‘Ariel’, written by Sylvia Plath, makes effective use of emotions to convey artistic creativity and inspiration. Through my personal reading of Harwood’s poem ‘The Glass Jar’, I view it as an cliff notes of mice examination of maturation – the kahlo inevitable change driven by painful. Ariel , Feminism , Gender role 1169 Words | 3 Pages. Barking Owls The Barking Owl also known as (Northern Winking Owl , Western Winking Owl , Winking . Owl , Screaming Woman) is a medium sized hawk- owl . Hawk- owls lack the definite heart shaped face of the tyto- owls (which include the Barn Owl , Tyto alba). Adult Barking Owls are grey-brown above, with white spots on the wings, and whitish below, heavily streaked with grey-brown. The head is almost entirely grey-brown, and the eyes are large and yellow. Young Barking Owls have less streaking on the underparts.

Adaptation , Bird , Ninox 1242 Words | 4 Pages. In Home of Mercy How Does Harwood Highlight the Repression of Females Within Society? Gwen Harwood sent a hostile message to of mice the Bulletin Newspaper in 1961. This was a protest against, what Harwood . believed to be, an inherent sexism within the journalistic sphere. I Am Summary! In Home of of mice and men, Mercy how does Harwood highlight the repression of females within society? Gwen Harwood underlines the repression of women within society in Home of examples, Mercy by expressing the restrictions that these girls face. Cliff Notes Of Mice And Men! The poem brings forward the why did taft win the nomination way society view young females in the 1960s that act ‘indecently’ in. Convent , Double entendre , Magdalene Asylum 846 Words | 3 Pages. Analyse the ways Gwen Harwood has prompted you to understand and respond to great and provocative ideas in her poetry.

Make . detailed reference to 3 poems. Gwen Harwood’s body of work skilfully portrays provocative ideas which stimulate understanding and engage with readers. Harwood’s poems ‘The Violets’, ‘Sharpness of cliff of mice and men, Death’ and ‘Father and Themes by Alistair Essay, Child’ are key ideas which are representative of the transition from innocence to experience, the notes transience of time and the inevitability of death. Due to. Adult , Death , Personification 1090 Words | 3 Pages.

------------------------------------------------- ‘In the of baroque park’ – Gwen Harwood (page 151) Initial impressions: * First and . Of Mice! last lines rhyme, middle two lines rhyme. Gender Conflict! * Generates compelling rhythm * About meeting someone form past – comparing life with past * Sense of notes and men, how hard her life with children is – husbands’ decision? * Sense of loss of taft win the republican presidential race?, individuality, sacrifice for children especially in comparison to past life. Line 1: * ‘her clothes are out of date’ connotation –. Beijing Subway , Chuo Line , Madrid Metro 413 Words | 2 Pages. ?In the park, is a sonnet which was written by Gwen Harwood . The sonnet explores the concept of sacrifice by demonstrating the . relationship of two individuals, including a woman who is bound by her responsibilities of motherhood. The perspective given about the concept is coming from two different individuals. The unidentified woman’s perspective is a reflection of her life, which is an emotional life journey. She is bound by cliff and men, her responsibilities as a mother, which stops her from pursuing her goals. Edna Purviance , Family , Father 586 Words | 2 Pages.

Ieas of Culture in Gwen Harwood's Poetry. the specific detail of construction of a literary text. Discuss with reference to one or more works you have studied.' Australian poet Gwen . Harwood was renowned for her strongly opinionated approach towards the subjects of her poetry. Harwood’s poetry often reflects her own experiences of the Themes Boat arrogant injustice of Australian culture in the 1950s and 60s. Harwood personally felt the harsh discrimination of Australia at cliff and men the time, after being rejected for publication due to editors with prejudiced views. Australia , Culture , Culture of Australia 1232 Words | 3 Pages. father missing out on pursuing authorities’ side as he is asleep * Story of chils in i am summary sparknotes the process into adult life | I Barn Owl . | * Kills birds= reflects relationship- reflects domestic world and lack of empowerment-recognize birds and cliff of mice and men, flowering trees are when temporal life is reduced=importance of Themes in The, relationships- realization love/memory * Knowledge of death * Barn =old * Owl = father/knowledge * Narrative story | Daybreak: the household slept. I rose, blessed by cliff notes, the sun. A horny fiend, I.

Life , Power , The Fallen 1752 Words | 5 Pages. Freshman English Comp II 19 February 2013 William Faulkner: Barn Burning: Violent Relationship Dynamics William Faulkner’s . Barn Burning is reflective of the dynamics domestic violence plays in family relationships and malala summary, this is shown in notes of mice and men the traits exhibited in the characters in the story. This is evident in the relationship between the frida essay children with their parents, the wife with her husband and notes and men, Abner with his employers. Abner’s controlling nature creates constant conflict throughout the Themes in The Boat by Alistair story. Cliff Of Mice And Men! . Abuse , Barn Burning , Domestic violence 906 Words | 3 Pages.

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Tulane Law grad steers NBA D-League’s Grand Rapids Drive. Professionals from cliff notes of mice across the National Basketball Association, in New Orleans for the All-Star Game, gave Tulane University students a behind-the-scenes view of the league Feb. 17. Gender Conflict! But the most picture-perfect perspective came from Tulane Law alum Jon Phelps, a 2012 graduate who’s already risen to general manager of the and men, Grand Rapid Drive, the gender conflict, NBA Development League team of the Detroit Pistons. Jon Phelps (L ’12), general manager of the cliff of mice and men, Grand Rapid Drive in the NBA Development League, advises Tulane students on gender conflict landing a job in pro ball during a day of notes of mice and men, All-Star Game-related panels Feb. Why Did Nomination During The 1912 Presidential! 17. Phelps enrolled at Tulane for the Sports Law program and took the cliff of mice, classes required for in The Boat by Alistair MacLeod Essay, a Sports Law certificate, including antitrust, intellectual property and labor law.

He also served as a research assistant for Professor , director of the program, and a nationally known authority on some of the high-profile issues in the industry. When both the NBA and the National Football League had player lockouts during Phelps’ second year, he said, “my classmates and I were able to study many of the legal issues surrounding these professional sports leagues in real time,” he said. During his third year, he was symposium editor for cliff notes of mice, the Tulane Law Review’s symposium issue on the role of kahlo essay, antitrust law and labor law in shaping the landscape of professional and intercollegiate sports. Professor Gabe Feldman (far right) leads a discussion with Jason Hillman, Cleveland Cavaliers senior vice president and general counsel, Ben Lauritsen, Portland Trailblazers senior vice president, and Melissa Goldenberg, Phoenix Suns general counsel. His first job after graduation was a two-year stint at New Orleans civil litigation firm Irwin Fritchie Urquhart Moore, where he focused primarily on scientific expert witnesses in cases involving complex medical device claims. But in 2014, the Grand Rapids Drive was hiring in its basketball operations department, and Tulane graduate Andrew Loomis (TC ’02) encouraged Phelps to apply. As director of basketball operations for the 2014-15 and 2015-16 seasons, Phelps handled tasks from washing team uniforms, organizing team travel and driving players to and from practice in a 15-passenger van, to helping prepare for cliff notes, the draft and scouting opposing players for potential trades and art NBA call-ups. “Because the staffs in the D-League are smaller, everyone has to do a little bit of everything to help out, and so I got exposure to how a D-League team is organized and how it should be run,” he said. Phelps was promoted to Drive general manager in notes of mice and men summer of 2016 and now manages the staff, scouts, handles personnel work and generally oversees the operation, regularly updating the Pistons on movie the team’s progress.

Bleacher Report writer Jonathan Abrams (center) describes his route to becoming an cliff notes of mice and men NBA beat writer, along with Howard Beck of Bleacher Report (left) and Sports Illustrated’s Ben Golliver. “I absolutely love my job and am incredibly thankful for why did taft win the republican nomination during presidential, the opportunity that I have,” Phelps said. “The D-League is the best place for me to learn, grow and cliff notes and men develop, and I’m hopeful that I continue to get the opportunity to help run our team in Grand Rapids.” The Feb. 17 panels, sponsored by Tulane University, Tulane Law, the Sports Law program and the English Department, drew students from across campus. Phelps’ advice for breaking into full the league was straightforward: “Position yourself.”

Get experience in the field you want to work in. Show potential employers the kind of cliff of mice, work you’ve done. Demonstrate ways in which you can add value to a franchise. “Teams are going to assume you are passionate, hard-working and very intelligent, as are the Themes by Alistair Essay, hundreds of other people applying for the same sports-related job,” he said. “Taking the notes of mice, time to try to answer a question facing the organization, or putting together a project that demonstrates your understanding of the league as a whole can give you an nomination presidential race? edge to stand out.” Student summer work reflections: Part two. In our second installment on of mice and men summer jobs, 2L students share accounts of their work in environmental law, maritime law and college sports compliance.

Jae Sung Shrader, pictured with Kevin Koskovich (both L ’16) at Tulane’s Summit on Environmental Law Policy, worked on frida the largest environmental settlement in history at the EPA. Environmental settlement clean-up : Jae Sung Shrader interned with the Environmental Protection Agency’s Region 4 office in Atlanta, tackling issues involved in of mice the largest settlement in environmental law history: a $5.15 billion agreement between the EPA and Anadarko Petroleum Corporation originally related to fraudulent asset conveyance claims. The parties announced the settlement in April, and the EPA created a multistate environmental response trust to manage the funds, Shrader said. After creating the gender conflict, trust, the EPA evaluated how its policies, including the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act, the Resource Conservation and cliff notes of mice Recovery Act and Superfund, were implicated in the settlement. “This is where my science background came in malala sparknotes handy,” Shrader said. “Having already taken environmental sciences, organic chemistry, geology and other courses, being able to identify issues on notes of mice the fly during conferences with the Department of why did taft nomination presidential race?, Justice, various attorneys and consulting scientists was invaluable. When briefs and memoranda needed to be edited, it was easy for me to go through them without tripping on the scientific jargon.” “After the large litigation was done, the cliff notes, next stage was to figure out the exact percentages that were going to sites around the kahlo essay, nation from the of mice, trust,” she said. Of Baroque Art! “We focused on the sites in our region, which manages the Southeast – Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky and the Carolinas.” As a legal intern, Shrader worked closely with EPA officials on the settlement administration. Cliff Notes Of Mice And Men! “My mentor always tried to include me when he could: Editing DOJ documents, getting my opinion on certain outcomes, bringing me to gender conflict, every meeting with different attorneys and scientists, listening to my questions and incorporating my suggestions into his work,” Shrader said. “It was such a good experience to be in the middle of the process and helping when I could.” Environmental issues are Shrader’s longtime passion, she said. Before law school, she chaired the Energy and notes of mice Conservation Organization at the University of of baroque art, Miami, where she managed a $100,000 budget to reduce the university’s carbon footprint.

She earned a dual degree from Miami in biological sciences and cliff environmental law and policy. Shrader spent the second half of her summer working in the Tulane Environmental Law Clinic, focusing on clean air issues. During the frida essay, school year, she is actively involved in planning the cliff notes and men, Energy and Environmental Law Summit. Jeffrey Notarianni (L ’15, third row, third from left) participated in Tulane’s study abroad program in Rhodes, Greece before interning with the Rhodes Academy of Oceans Law and Policy. Navigating the art, law of the sea : Jeffrey Notarianni completed an notes and men externship coordinating the Rhodes Academy of Oceans Law and Policy, an international maritime course for frida, attorneys and scholars. “I had an incredibly interesting summer externship in Greece. While there, I met diplomats, international judges and of mice very high-powered people from around the world,” said Notarianni, who helped prepare and run the three-week program. “The participants were either attorneys (JDs, or their country’s equivalent) or academics (PhDs), and summary about 70 percent of them were Permanent Mission to the U.N. or Ministry of Foreign Affairs for of mice, their country,” he said. “I’d visit with all of these powerful people, casually drinking coffee with them over Themes in The Boat by Alistair breakfast in the morning or having dinner with them at night.” Notarianni also got to observe a meeting between the cliff, Prime Minister of Greece and President of China in his office courtyard and Themes in The Boat watch the World Cup with Academy students who collectively rooted for all 32 teams. “Another great thing about working for the Rhodes Academy was that the cliff of mice and men, courses focused on cases that were being litigated in real time,” Notarianni said. “One attorney lectured on maritime delimitation, and he also happened to be the head attorney in the delimitation litigation between Bangladesh and India. Around the time of in The MacLeod Essay, his lecture, the U.N. arbitration tribunal issued its ruling in notes of mice and men his side’s favor.

It was great to see him win the the color full movie, case while he was lecturing on the same subject.” Before the externship, Notarianni took classes in Tulane’s Rhodes summer study abroad program. He learned about the Rhodes Academy opportunity through Professor Gunther Handl, who organized two law student positions there this year. Notarianni, who is working toward a maritime law certificate, said he aimed to practice in that field long before starting at Tulane. During one summer, he crewed a tall ship from Erie, Pennsylvania, and he has been interested in the industry since. Ben Trachman (L ’15) studies in the law school courtyard after finishing a shift working in cliff notes and men Tulane’s athletics compliance office. Playing the college sports field : Ben Trachman, a Tulane sports law student, completed an externship with.

the NCAA’s enforcement team in Indianapolis, helping to make sure regional college teams complied with regulations. “As an extern, I received and frida essay reviewed self-reported NCAA bylaw violations of cliff notes, institutions and conferences,” Trachman said. “I had an opportunity to examples, use the legislative database (LSDBi) to ensure correct bylaw citation and that proper penalties were imposed by the institution. I also corresponded with institutional contacts regarding the NCAA’s stance on reported secondary violations.” Trachman also helped police scouting and recruiting of high school athletes. “During my time with the NCAA, I was able to attend various basketball certification events throughout Indiana and ensure that there were no recruiting violations by cliff of mice and men, college coaches of top high school prospects,” he said. Trachman found the job online through Tulane’s Career Resources Interactive System. He learned more about the position through other Tulane alumni who have worked with NCAA, including Renee Gomila (L ‘00), an associate director of of baroque art, enforcement.

Trachman, a University of Michigan graduate, said he chose Tulane for the sports law program. He’s working toward a sports law certificate, is a junior member of The Sports Lawyers Journal and has worked in Tulane’s athletics compliance office the past two years. Student summer work reflections: Part one. How did you spend your summer? We’re highlighting six Tulane Law students who gained valuable work experience in environmental and energy, maritime, international and sports law.

In our first installment, learn what students in their 3L year did on the job, how they landed these opportunities and what their post-summer plans hold. Gillian Saltz sported a hard hat while touring a Valero refinery during her internship. Of Mice! (Photo courtesy of Gillian Saltz.) Exploring in-house oil gas law : Gillian Saltz interned at Valero Energy Corp., a top 10 Fortune 500 company, working alongside in-house counsel at examples of baroque art the company’s headquarters in notes of mice San Antonio, Texas. Her internship exposed her to the variety of legal issues faced by energy companies. “I helped draft contracts, completed research projects for litigation, regulatory and labor and employment lawyers, and learned more about the why did taft republican nomination the 1912 race?, actual business side of cliff of mice, operating refineries,” Saltz said. “They also took us to see a refinery, probably the highlight of in The Boat by Alistair MacLeod, my summer, especially since I got to keep my hard hat.” Saltz also saw first-hand what it’s like to work in a major corporation. “They had a huge intern symposium for all their interns across the of mice, company, many of whom were engineer undergrads, where the CEO and many vice presidents came to talk to taft during presidential race?, us about professional development, joining the workforce, and the future of Valero. Cliff Notes And Men! It was a pretty extensive event spanning three days,” she said.

After her experience at why did nomination the 1912 Valero, Saltz plans to specialize in oil and gas law. Cliff Of Mice! “There are a lot of opportunities for growth, and it is a fascinating area of law,” she said. She also hopes to return to in-house practice later in her career. At Tulane, Saltz works as a student attorney in the Civil Litigation Clinic and is senior articles editor of the Tulane Journal of International Comparative Law. She’s a graduate of St. John’s College in why did nomination the 1912 presidential Santa Fe, New Mexico. Janet Kearney toured the Northern Irish coastline on notes of mice and men a weekend trip during her summer at the U.S. Consulate in gender conflict Belfast. (Photo courtesy of notes, Janet Kearney.) Mastering international diplomacy : Janet Kearney interned for the U.S. Consulate in Belfast, Northern Ireland, an operation with five American Foreign Service officers and 20 locally-hired staff where she was able to work closely with officials. “I was able to perform a range of tasks because the internship though the Department of State is not solely legal,” Kearney said. Her work included legal, historical and policy research and writing, plus compiling daily news summaries. “I did a little bit of Themes Boat Essay, everything, from cliff notes of mice filing and helping organize events to Themes by Alistair MacLeod, detailed research and writing projects and meetings with the consul general and government officials.

The writing projects focused primarily on issues specific to Northern Ireland, like their unique shared governance institutions and the legacy of the Troubles,” she said. “I really had a wonderful time there; the work was interesting and varied, and notes of mice and men everyone was so friendly. Plus Northern Ireland is one of the most beautiful places I’ve ever visited,” she said. She also explored the region, attending a charity event uniting children from purple full movie Protestant and Catholic backgrounds to play sports together, traveling to the Northern Ireland coast and adventuring in Dublin. Kearney landed her job through the U.S. Department of State’s student internship program, which hires students each semester. She is senior research editor for the Tulane Journal of International Comparative Law and cliff notes and men former president of the Law Women’s Association. Before law school, she worked as a legislative aide for Themes Boat, Jefferson Parish while earning her B.A. at LSU. Jonathan Jordan interned with the Washington Wizards, handling the NBA draft preparation, execution, and aftermath.

Shooting hoops with the NBA : Jonathan Jordan, a former high school basketball coach and college hoops player, interned with the Washington Wizards in Basketball Operations. He landed the position by seizing an opportunity to notes and men, meet the Wizards president at an NBA All-Star Game event in New Orleans. “Last year, I worked for gender conflict, Stephen Howard, who does color commentary for ESPN College Basketball and is a studio analyst for the Pelicans,” said Jordan, who found that position through Tulane’s Career Resources Interactive System. “I also worked for a former NBA player researching intellectual property rights through the Tulane-NBRPA program that Professor (Gabe) Feldman started. These internships gave me the opportunity to attend the Legends Brunch during the NBA All-Star Game. At the brunch, I saw Wizards President Ernie Grunfeld, and notes of mice I had to introduce myself because I am from the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area. After the brief conversation, he told me to send him my resume. Art! I then had a phone interview with his executive assistant, and I landed my dream internship.” While working for the Wizards, Jordan was instrumental in helping team officials evaluate prospective players before the NBA draft. “In preparation for the NBA draft, the Wizards, like all teams, had workouts. I was responsible for researching and compiling college and overseas statistics of all the prospects,” he said. “I also helped create the binders that Mr.

Grunfeld and the rest of the front office used on Draft Night.” Draft day proved to be the busiest, Jordan said. “On the day of the draft, I configured and disassembled the Wizards’ ‘war room.’ Basically, I set up all of the different draft boards they maintained throughout the draft, which you might see on TV when they show the team’s war room after a selection is made.” But the work didn’t end there. “After the draft was over, I was responsible for continuously updating the cliff, depth chart boards when signings were announced for all 30 teams,” he said. “Lastly, after free agency calmed down in August, I updated the Wizards’ list of the color purple, agent contact information. Cliff Notes And Men! I was calling and speaking to in The Boat by Alistair, agents, some being lawyers, to make sure the cliff notes of mice and men, Wizards had their proper phone numbers and emails for purple full, the future.” Jordan also completed the sports law track at the Great Lakes Sports Entertainment Law Academy during the summer.

He is a member of the Sports Law Society and The Sports Lawyer’s Journal and plans to earn a Tulane sports law certificate.

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analysis essay Poem analysis essay is the best way to express your feelings and cliff notes and men, emotions. Whenever you describe any poem is movie, said to be poem analysis essay. And Men! Do you remember when you were child; in language class you were asked to MacLeod Essay express your opinion on certain issue. Of Mice And Men! Poem analysis essay is just like that. Through this essay you can clearly and deeply define each and every point in malala summary, the written poem – you can highlight the value of the poem.

More » Writing Tips on a Literary Analysis Essay. Critical analysis essay is written to inform many things to the readers. It is written to notify all the reasons, features and other emotions of the topic. It is also written to entertain people, well entertainment is depends on the theme, like when it is on the gossip of Hollywood or Bollywood then it comes under entertainment. More » Critical Analysis Essay Writing Tips. While writing a critical analysis essay you must remember few major points.

Initially you must give a small intro about the nature of work and the theme. You intro can be fulfilled when you describe the title of the work, name of the author, information of publisher and lastly the elaboration of the theme with the purpose of writing. More » Rhetorical Analysis Essay Example. The following rhetorical analysis essay example of a narrative story demonstrates the writer’s ability to capture the interest of the readers while narrating an unforgettable experience. The short story is a good reading material for students because the reader is given a clear idea on notes of mice the techniques used by excellent writers. A story about human experience does not have to be a long one to why did win the republican nomination during be interesting and of mice, have an impact on art its reader.

When writing an analysis essay , always bear in mind that you are writing someone else’s work and and men, you are simply elucidating for the reader what message the author is trying to convey in his work. The format to be used should be in of baroque art, the form of a summary of the author’s work, pointing out its salient points. Analysis essays are usually undertaken in cliff notes, the academic world where students study the i am sparknotes, work of known authors and professors attempt to utilize the essays as tools for cliff imparting certain writing techniques. When a student is republican nomination, asked to write a causal analysis essay , he might be tempted to simply rewrite a literary work that contains typical causal relationships. This is cliff, not a surprising occurrence since this type of gender conflict, essay, also called a cause and effect essay deals with how things work or the relationship between two situations where one causes the effect on of mice and men another. To avoid the mistake of virtually copying an essay with similar content, one should strive to write an original essay that has the elements of a cause and effect situation.

This way, one can be confident of doing his own work on the subject and refrain from the temptation of taft win the republican the 1912 race?, committing plagiarism. When asked to write an analytical essay , one has to notes follow some suggested procedures to succeed. The suggested writing process is examples of baroque art, a good guide for cliff students to Themes Boat by Alistair MacLeod keep them on cliff of mice and men track while writing the essays assigned to them. As always, it is by examples of baroque art constant practice that a writer gets to and men hone his writing skills and improve his ability to communicate his ideas. The best advice that students can get is to follow the steps taught by their teacher on how to write an analytical paper. If no specific instructions were given, this will serve as a guide that the students can use. Example of Analytical Essay Outline.

The analytical essay outline example is a guide for students, professionals, or those people who simply love to write so that they can make properly-structured and well-thought-out essays and analytical compositions. Normally, the outline of the analytical essay comprises the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. However, there are also other outlines on how an analytical essay should be structured and these are more complicated than the average outline. Topic Ideas for Analysis Essay Writing. One may choose any of analysis essay topic ideas; however, there are some ideas that may be assigned to him or her, especially a student trying to comply with school requirements. Analysis essays can also be notoriously difficult to write as the writer should also analyze facts as well as presenting them. These essays may evaluate both the student’s ability to analyze topics and express thoughts and they can evaluate the gender conflict, knowledge of the student on particular issues. Example of cliff of mice and men, a Process Analysis Essay. What is a process essay ? It is an essay or a paper that tells the reader how to do something (a “how to” essay) or it can describe how something is done.

The example below shows how one can easily bake a chicken pot pie. I Am Malala Sparknotes! Here is and men, a process analysis essay sample: Chicken pot pie is a wonderful short order and comfort food that can be cooked now and then stored in a refrigerator to win the republican be heated later. It can be eaten as a snack or it can be part of a meal. Crytical Analysis Essay on cliff of mice and men A Rose for Emily. Resistance to change is the underlying theme of American author William Faulkner’s short story entitled “A Rose for Emily.” The critical analysis essay on A Rose for Emily is an in-depth exploration of how the main character, Emily Grierson , relates with the society. Moreover, it is Themes by Alistair MacLeod, also a story about a woman who had been in the shadow of the overbearing nature of her father for a very long time.

Poem analysis essay is the of mice and men, best way to express your feelings and emotions. Whenever you describe any poem is said to be poem analysis essay. Do you remember when you were child; in language class you were asked to frida essay express your opinion on certain issue. Poem analysis essay is just like that. Through this essay you can clearly and deeply define each and every point in the written poem you can highlight the value of the poem. How to Write a Literary Analysis Essay? Literary, Literacy is quite important for all of us. The word designates the style of attitude in the written article of every author. Whenever you search out any product, topic or anything else deeply said analysis and it is very important to hunt every topic before buying or writing on it.

Literary analysis essay is a brief note about literacy which describes it till the depth. Through the note writer expresses his inner thoughts about the cliff notes of mice, theme. Literary analysis essay includes A to Z concepts of the frida, topic which give you knowledge around the topic. While writing note author shows each and every point by which.

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Essay on Monopoly Market | Micro Economics. In this essay we will discuss about monopoly market. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Meaning of Monopoly 2. Sources and notes of mice Types of Monopoly 3. Monopoly Price Determination 4. Examples Of Baroque Art? Degree of Monopoly Power – Its Measure 5. Meaning of Monopoly Price Discrimination 6. Types of Price Discrimination 7. Conditions for Price Discrimination 8. Benefits of and men, Price Discrimination and Other Details. Essay on the Meaning of Monopoly Essay on the Sources and Types of Monopoly Essay on Monopoly Price Determination Essay on the Degree of Monopoly Power – Its Measure Essay on the Meaning of Monopoly Price Discrimination Essay on the Types of Price Discrimination Essay on the Conditions for Price Discrimination Essay on the Benefits of Price Discrimination Essay on the Harms of Price Discrimination Essay on of baroque art Control and Regulation of Monopoly. Monopoly is a market situation in which there is only one seller of cliff, a product with barriers to entry of others. The product has no close substitutes. In the words of Salvatore, “Monopoly is the form of market organisation in which there is frida essay a single fir m selling a commodity for cliff of mice and men, which there are no close substitutes.” The cross elasticity of demand with every other product is very low.

This means that no other firms produce a similar product. Thus, the monopoly firm is itself an industry and the monopolist faces the industry demand curve. The demand curve for his product is, therefore, relatively stable and slopes downward to the right, given the tastes and i am malala sparknotes incomes of his customers. It means that more of the product can be sold at a lower price than at a higher price. Cliff Notes And Men? He is a price-maker who can set the price to his maximum advantage. However, it does not mean that he can set both price and output. He can do either of the two things. His price is determined by his demand curve, once he selects his output level.

Or, once he sets the examples of baroque art, price for his product, his output is determined by and men, what consumers will take at that price. Essay? In any situation, the ultimate aim of the monopolist is to have maximum profits. Essay # 2. Sources and Types of Monopoly : Monopoly may arise from a number of sources and is of various types: First, grant of a patent right to a firm by the government to of mice and men, make, use or sell its own invention. Second, control of a strategic raw material for win the during presidential race?, an exclusive production process. Third, a natural monopoly enjoyed by a firm when it supplies the entire market at a lower unit cost due to increasing economies of scale, just as in the supply of electricity, gas, etc. Fourth, government may grant exclusive right to a private firm to operate under its regulation. Such privately owned and government regulated monopolies are mostly in public utilities and are called legal monopolies such as in transport, communications, etc. Fifth, there may be government owned and regulated monopolies such as postal services, water and sewer systems of of mice, municipal corporations, etc. Sixth, government may grant licence to a sole firm and Themes by Alistair MacLeod Essay protect it to exclude foreign rivals. Seventh, the cliff notes and men, sole manufacturer of a product may adopt a limit pricing policy in order to prevent the entry of new firms.

Essay # 3. Monopoly Price Determination : We study the determination of monopoly price in the short-run and the long-run. The analysis of the determination of the price, output and profits under monopoly is based on the following assumptions: (1) There is of baroque one seller or producer of a homogeneous product. (2) There are no close substitutes for the product. (3) There is pure competition in the factor market so that the price of each input he buys is given to him. (4) The monopolist is a rational being who aims at maximum profit with the minimum of costs. (5) There are many buyers on the demand side but none is in a position to influence the price of the product by his individual actions. Thus the price of the product is given for the consumer. (6) The monopolist does not charge discriminating price. He treats all consumers alike and charges a uniform price for his product.

(7) The monopoly price is uncontrolled. Cliff Notes And Men? There are no restrictions on the power of the monopolist. (8) There is no threat of entry of other firms. Price and Output Determination : Given these assumptions, the price, output and profits under monopoly are determined by the forces of demand and the color full movie supply. The monopolist has complete control over the supply of the product. He is also a price- maker who can set the price to his maximum advantage. But he cannot fix the price and output simultaneously.

Either he can fix the price and leave the output to be determined by the customer demand at that price. Cliff And Men? Or, he can fix the output to be produced and leave the price to be determined by the consumer demand for his product. Summary? Thus, whatever price he fixes and notes of mice whatever output he decides to the color movie, produce is determined by the conditions of demand. The demand curve faced by a monopolist is definite and is downward sloping to the right. And Men? It is his average revenue curve (AR). Its corresponding marginal revenue curve (MR) is also downward sloping and lies below it. But the manner and extent to which the frida kahlo, monopolist will be able to influence price or output will depend upon the elasticity of demand for his product.

If the demand for his product is highly elastic, he can sell more by a small reduction in price. If, on the other hand, the demand is less elastic, the tendency will be to raise the price and profit more by selling less. Given the demand for his product, the monopolist can select the most profitable output against this demand. Of Mice And Men? His cost of of baroque, production may be rising, falling or constant. And Men? Whatever the nature of the cost curves- straight line, convex or concave—the monopoly equilibrium will take place at a point where the marginal revenue equals marginal cost i.e. ?R /?Q = ?C /?Q. The monopolist maximises his profits at the price where the difference between total revenue and Boat by Alistair MacLeod Essay total costs is the maximum i.e. Max ? = TR-TC. In other words, the monopolist gains the maximum when he equates marginal revenue ( MR) to marginal cost (MC).

He may do this either by estimating the demand price and the cost of producing various outputs or by cliff and men, a process of trial and error. Geometrically speaking, the point of monopoly equilibrium is one where the MC curve cuts the MR curve from below or from the left, and the color purple a perpendicular from it to the AR curve determines price. It implies that. Price MC = MR. In fact, monopoly price = MC –E/E-1. AR (Price) = MR MC –E/E-1 and MC = MR. Monopoly Price = MC E/E-1. Thus monopoly price is notes a function of the MC and the elasticity of demand. We discuss below the determination of monopoly price in win the during the 1912 presidential race? the short period and the long period.

(A) Short-Run Monopoly Equilibrium : In the short-run, the cliff, monopoly firm attains equilibrium when its profits are maximised or losses are minimised. Like the competitive equilibrium, this analysis can also he discussed in terms of the total revenue-total cost approach and the marginal revenue-cost approach. Total Revenue-Cost Approach: In Figure 1. TC is the total cost curve showing a constant rise in the total costs as output increases. TR is the total revenue curve which goes on rising to begin with, then flattens and later on presidential race? slopes downward, showing fall in total receipts after a given point. The monopolist will maximise his profits at cliff, that output where the i am malala summary, difference between TR and TC is the greatest.

This will be the level at which the slopes of notes and men, TR and TC curves equal. Accordingly, P is the equilibrium point as determined by the tangents at points P and T on the TR and TC curves respectively. A and are the break-even points where TR = TC. To the left of A and right of i am malala, B, the monopolist is incurring losses because TC TR. Notes? Thus his maximum profits will be PT and he will sell OM output at MP Price.

Marginal Revenue-Marginal Cost Approach: In the short-run, the monopolist can change the price as well as the quantity of the product. If he intends producing more, he can do so by increasing the use of variable inputs. The Color Movie? He may start two shifts of production; hire more labour, raw materials, etc. But he cannot change his fixed plant and of mice and men equipment. On the other hand, if he wants to restrict his output, he may dispense with certain workers, work for less hours and use less of the MacLeod, variable factors. In any case, his price cannot be below the average variable costs. It implies that he can continue to incur losses during the short period so long as he covers his average variable cost (AVC) of production. Price is determined when (1) P SMC = MR, and (2) The SMC curve cuts the MR curve from below. Cliff Notes Of Mice? It is at this equilibrium point that profits are maximised or losses are minimised. In Figure 2, SAC and SMC are the why did taft republican during presidential race?, short-run average and marginal revenue curves respectively.

AVC is the average variable cost curve. D/AR is the notes, demand curve (the average revenue curve) whose corresponding mar­ginal revenue curve is MR. The short-run monopoly equilibrium is at point E where the SMC curve cuts the MR curve from below. The monopolist sells OM output at MP (=OB) price. The price MP, being above the short-run average cost MA, the monopolist earns AP profits per unit of frida essay, output.

Thus total monopoly profits are AP ? CA= CAPB. In Figure 3, the short-run equilibrium of the monopolist is shown when he earns only normal profits. The equality of notes, SMC curve and MR curve at point E determines OM output which is sold at MP Price. Why Did Taft Win The Republican Nomination The 1912 Presidential Race?? Since the SAC curve is tangent to the AR curve at this level of output, the monopolist earns normal profits. The monopolist knows that any level of output other than OM would bring losses because the SAC curve would be higher than the notes, AR curve. Figure 4 shows a short-run situation in which the monopolist incurs losses. As usual, the gender conflict, equilibrium point E is determined by cliff notes and men, the equality of SMC and MR. But the monopoly price MP, as fixed by demand conditions, does not cover the short-run average costs of production PA. It just covers the average variable costs MP, represented by the tangency of the demand curve D and the AVC curve at point P. PA is thus per i am summary unit loss which the monopolist incurs. Total losses are equal to BP x PA = BPAC.

In this figure, P is the shut­down point for this firm. If the market demand conditions lower the price from MP downward, the monopolist will temporarily stop production. His firm will close down. (B) Long-Run Monopoly Equilibrium: In the cliff notes of mice and men, long-run, the monopolist can remain in business only if he is able to earn super-normal profits.

If he was incurring losses in the short-run, he has enough time to malala summary, make changes in his existing plant in the long- run so as to maximise his profits. With entry of notes of mice, new firms ruled out, he can install a plant which gives him maximum profits. The scale of his plant depends upon the position of the demand (AR) curve and why did win the nomination during presidential its corresponding MR curve. Cliff Of Mice? The most profitable level of output is at i am malala, the point where the cliff, LMC curve intersects the MR curve from below and Themes in The Boat MacLeod the SMC curve passes through this point. Further, the SAC curve must be tangent to the LAC curve at this level of notes and men, output.

Suppose in the long-run, the monopolist installs an efficient plant represented by the curve SAC 1 and SMC 1 in movie Figure 5. On this plant, the long-run profits are the maximum at the output OM where LMC = MR at point E. Since at this level the short-run average cost curve SAC 1 is tangent to the LAC curve at Point A, the SMC 1 curve is also equal to the LMC curve and to the MR curve (SMC 1 = LMC =MR) at the equilibrium point E. Thus when the monopoly firm is in long-run equilibrium, it is also in short- run equilibrium. By changing its scale of plant in the long-run, the monopolist charges the notes of mice and men, price OB (=MP), sells the output OM and earns BPAC monopoly profits. However this plant is less than the optimum size because the monopoly firm is not producing at the lowest point L of the LAC curve. It has some excess capacity. It is not in a position to in The Boat by Alistair Essay, take full advantage of the economies of of mice, scale due to the small size of the market for his product.

Essay # 4. Degree of Monopoly Power – Its Measure: In monopoly, the taft win the, monopolist is able to cliff notes of mice, earn monopoly profit by his superior bargaining power. He is in a better position to exploit the market to his advantage. He gains more by putting restraints on his actual and potential competitors. Thus monopoly power refers to the restraints imposed over his competitors by the monopolist through his price-output policies.

There are two important methods of monopoly power: First, the difference between marginal cost and price. Examples Of Baroque? Since in Monopoly, the marginal cost is always less than the price, the greater the difference between the two, the larger is the monopoly power. Second, the difference between monopoly super-normal profits and notes and men competitive super-normal profits is also considered as the measure of monopoly power. Taft Republican Nomination The 1912 Presidential? The greater the of mice and men, difference between the two, the larger is the i am malala, degree of monopoly. However, economists have given other measures of monopoly power.

We discuss a few. But no method is regarded as perfect. One of the earliest methods to measure monopoly power is cliff and men expressed by Prof. Abba P. Themes By Alistair MacLeod? Lerner in terms of the bargaining strength. The difference between price and marginal cost is the measure of the notes of mice, degree of examples of baroque, monopoly power. If P is cliff notes of mice price and MC the i am sparknotes, marginal cost, the formula for measuring the degree of monopoly power is cliff of mice P-MC/P. Boat By Alistair MacLeod? A seller’s monopoly power depends upon his ability to sell his product at a price much above his marginal cost. The larger the gap between price and marginal cost, the greater is the monopoly power.

A competitive seller has no monopoly power at all, because under perfect competition P = MC. In all cases, the above formula will give zero. But in the case of cliff of mice and men, overproduction, MC may exceed price and the index will have a negative value. Moreover, if the seller is the color full movie a monopolist, the difference between price and marginal cost is always there. The index of monopoly power will, therefore, vary between zero and unity. For instance, if P is Rs.4 and MC Rs.2 the index of monopoly power will be 1/2 i.e. Cliff? (4-2)/4. It is, however, not easy for purple full movie, a seller to raise the price of his product in order to increase his bargaining price. Notes And Men? The attempt to raise profits by a price rise may be neutralized by the reduction in his sales resulting from the color movie, raising the price. Therefore, the degree of notes of mice, monopoly power is measured in terms of the elasticity of demand and the formula is:

Degree of essay, monopoly power (DMP) = (P – MC)/ P. For profit maximisation, MC = MR, and the formula becomes. DMP= or the inverse of the elasticity of demand, By substituting MR = P E-1/E in the above equation, DMP= (P-P E-1/E)/P = P- PE +P/E/P = PE- PE+P/EP = 1/E. Or the inverse of the elasticity of cliff, demand, P/P-MR. Lerner’s measure is illustrated in Figure 6 where AC and MC curves are the firm’s average and marginal cost curves, while D and MR are its demand and Boat marginal revenue curves.

The monopolist firm maximizes its profit at point E where MC = MR. It produces OM output and cliff notes and men sells it at MP Price. The ratio PEIPM is termed as the degree of examples of baroque, monopoly power. The degree of monopoly power is the notes of mice and men, reciprocal of the P-MR elasticity of demand i.e., P-MR/P. In Figure 6, P is equal to PM while MR is equal to examples art, EM. Rewrite the formula, The formula indicates that the cliff notes and men, degree of monopoly power is the reciprocal of the frida, price elasticity of demand E. The lower is the price elasticity of demand the greater is the degree of cliff notes of mice, monopoly power. Examples Of Baroque Art? The higher the of mice and men, elasticity, lower the monopoly power. If, for instance, price elasticity of the color, demand is 2, the degree of monopoly power will be one-half. On the notes of mice and men, other hand, the elasticity coefficient of 1/2 will indicate a monopoly power of 2. Though interesting, this measure of monopoly power has many limitations.

First, monopoly power does not depend exclusively on the difference between price and cost. It also depends on the restriction of Themes Boat MacLeod, output by the monopolist seller. The index showing the degree of monopoly may be equal in the case of two firms. But one may have under utilisation on its existing plant and equipment while the other may show underinvestment. The above formula fails to notes and men, explain these important aspects of monopoly power. Secondly, the Lerner formula is incapable of measuring non-price competition. The Color Purple Full? Again the index of monopoly power may be the same in case of two firms. But one firm may be engaged in intensive non-price competition than the other firm. Notes And Men? It may thus be selling a large quantity of its product. I Am Malala Summary? Lerner’s formula does not throw any light on this aspect of the problem.

Thirdly, even the case of absolute monopoly power is difficult to explain in terms of cliff of mice, this formula. Gender Conflict? The price elasticity of demand measures income and substitution effects of a change in price on consumer’s demand. But under absolute monopoly where competition is absent, the substitution effect is zero and the income effect is the only effect. Thus the price elasticity of demand under monopoly measures only the income effect which may be negative or positive. The main flaw in Lerner’s measure is that it does not attach any definite coefficient of elasticity to the degree of monopoly power. Fourthly, Lerner’s measure is essentially static. It does not reveal whether the level of marginal cost is due to superior technology or the result of obsolete methods of production. Lastly, the Lerner measure is affected by changes over time in the ratio of capital to labour in an industry. Despite these limitations, economists like Dunlop and Kalecki used this index to measure the cliff notes of mice and men, degree of monopoly power.

The former used this in i am summary the case of selected industries and the latter for the whole economy. Prof. Robert Triffin has improved upon Lerner’s measure by suggesting price cross-elasticity instead of price elasticity of cliff, demand. Price cross-elasticity of demand measures the degree of substitution between the products of two firms when a change in the price of one firm’s product affects the gender conflict, demand for the other’s product. When the cross-elasticity of demand between the product of of mice and men, one firm and of all other firms is zero, the reciprocal of cross-elasticity would be infinity and the firm would have absolute monopoly power. According to Triffin, under pure monopoly, the cross-elasticity of demand is zero and the monopolist takes advantage of absolute monopoly power.

On the other hand, cross-elasticity is gender conflict infinite under perfect competition and the firm’s monopoly power is cliff notes and men zero. First, like Lerner’s measure, the Triffin measure is unsuitable for why did taft win the nomination during race?, practical purposes. Pure monopoly like pure competition is unreal. Secondly, it is not possible to find out a definite coefficient of cross-elasticity of demand in the case of any firm. Thirdly, the method of measuring monopoly power in terms of cross-elasticity of demand is not correct because its coefficient is zero both under pure monopoly and pure competition.

But monopoly power is found under pure monopoly rather than under pure competition. Prof. J.S. Bain suggests the size of super-normal profit as the degree of monopoly power. He uses the of mice and men, divergence between price and average cost as the measure of monopoly power. Under perfect competition, super-normal profits are competed away with the entry of new firms in the industry. So the degree of gender conflict, monopoly power is zero when competition is cliff notes of mice and men pure. It is, therefore, under monopoly with no threat of entry of new firms that monopoly profits are the purple full, largest and the degree of monopoly power the absolute.

The degree of monopoly power will, however, be small where the threat of new entrants exists. Thus the degree of monopoly power is measured by the size of super-normal profits. The greater the strength of the seller, the larger profits he will earn without any threat of new entrants. The Bain measure is illustrated in of mice and men Figure 6 where the monopoly firm produces OM output and sells it at MP Price. The difference between price and average cost (AC) is PC at OM per unit of output. Thus A PC are the super-normal profits which measure monopoly power. But this measure is i am sparknotes also not free from shortcomings. First, it is difficult to estimate the net income accruing to a firm. It depends upon the extent of notes of mice, its amortization of the cost of fixed factors. Secondly, there are other difficulties, like the deduction of interest and the color full movie wages of management from the firm’s net income in order to cliff of mice and men, calculate its profits. Thirdly, all profits accruing to a firm are not monopoly profits.

Firms, whether competitive or monopolistic, often earn windfall profits when demand and cost conditions change. They, therefore, need to of baroque, be deducted from total net profits to cliff of mice, arrive at kahlo essay, pure monopoly profits. Lastly, excess profits may be due to monopolistic selling practices, monopolistic buying practices, or the result of increase in efficiency, newer manufacturing techniques and expert man­agement. Prof. Rothschild measures the degree of monopoly power as the ratio of the slope of a firm’s demand curve to the slope of the industry demand curve. In Figure 7, dd represents the de­mand curve of a firm which is elastic than the industry demand curve DD. Thus. DMP=Slope of dd/Slope of notes of mice and men, DD= (KL/KR)/(KN/KR) = KL/KN. Since under pure competition the demand curve of a firm is horizontal, the Themes, Rothschild index equals zero. Under pure monopoly there being no difference between firm and notes of mice and men industry, this index equals unity.

Therefore, the degree of monopoly power exists between zero and unity. The Rothschild measure of the gender conflict, degree of monopoly power is vaguer than the other measures. First, it is not possible to estimate the exact shape of the demand curve for the relevant output range. Second, this index requires that all competitors keep their prices constant or they readjust their prices so as to keep them identical with the price being charged by the monopolist. Lastly, this measure is based exclusively on of mice demand factors and neglects supply and cost conditions. Essay # 5. Meaning of Monopoly Price Discrimination: Price discrimination means, charging different prices from different customers or for frida essay, different units of the same product. In the notes, words of Joan Robinson: “The act of selling the same article, produced under single control at different prices to different buyers is known as price discrimination.” Price discrimination is possible when the monopolist sells in different markets in such a way that it is not possible to transfer any unit of the commodity from the cheap market to the dearer market. Price discrimination is, however, not possible under perfect competition, even if the i am summary, two markets could be kept separate. Since the market demand in each market is perfectly elastic, every seller would try to sell in that market in which he could get the highest price.

Competition would make the price equal in both the markets. Thus price discrimination is possible only when markets are imperfect. Essay # 6. Types of Price Discrimination: Price discrimination is of many types: Firstly, it may be personal based on the income of the customer. For example, doctors and lawyers charge different fees from different customers on the basis of cliff, their incomes. Movie? Higher fees are charged to rich persons and lower to the poor. Secondly, price discrimination may be based on the nature of the of mice, product. Paperback is cheaper than the deluxe edition of the same book, for the former is bought by the majority of readers, and the latter by libraries. Unbranded products, like open tea, are sold at lower prices than branded products like Brooke Bond or Tata tea. Economy size tooth pastes are relatively cheaper than ordinary-sized tooth pastes.

In the case of services too, price discrimination is essay practiced when off-season rates of hotels at hill stations are very low as compared to cliff of mice and men, the peak season. Dry-cleaning firms charge for two while they clean three clothes during off-season; whereas they charge more for quick service in peak season. Thirdly, price discrimination is also related to the age, sex and by Alistair MacLeod Essay status of the cliff of mice and men, customers. Of Baroque Art? Barbers charge less for children’s haircuts. Certain cinema halls in small towns in India admit ladies only at lower rates. Cliff Of Mice And Men? Military personnel in uniform are admitted at concessional rates in certain cinema houses. Fourthly, discrimination is also based on the time of service. Cinema houses at certain places, like New Delhi, charge half the rates in examples art the morning show than in the afternoon shows. Fifthly, there is geographical or local discrimination when a monopolist sells in one market at a higher price than in the other market. Lastly, discrimination may he based on the use of the product.

Railways charge different rates for different compartments or for notes of mice, different services. Less is charged for the transportation of coal than for i am, bales of cloth on the same route. State power boards charge low rates for industrial use than for domestic consumption of notes and men, electricity. Essay # 7. Conditions for taft win the republican nomination during the 1912, Price Discrimination: For price discrimination to exist the following conditions must be satisfied: Price discrimination is possible when there is some degree of market imperfection. The individual seller is able to divide and keep his market into notes and men separate parts only if it is i am sparknotes imperfect. Customers do not move readily from one market to the other because of ignorance or inertia. (2) Agreement between Rival Sellers: Price discrimination also takes place when the notes of mice and men, seller of a commodity is a monopolist or when rivals enter into an agreement for the sale of the product at different prices to different customers.

This is usually possible in the sale of direct services. A single surgeon may charge a high fee for an operation from a rich patient and a relatively low fee from a poor patient. Lawyers charge from their clients in proportion to the degree of risk or amount of gender conflict, money involved in cliff notes of mice a law suit. Price discrimination is possible in the case of malala summary sparknotes, services because there is no possibility of resale. (3) Geographical or Tariff Barriers: Discrimination may occur on geographical grounds. The monopolist may discriminate between home and foreign buyers by selling at a lower price in the foreign market than in the domestic market. Cliff And Men? This type of discrimination is known as “dumping”. It can only be successful if the commodities sold abroad can be prevented from being returned to the home country by tariff restrictions. Sparknotes? Sometimes transport costs are so high that they act as a safeguard against the return of dumped goods. Discrimination is possible when buyers need the same service in cliff notes of mice connec­tion with differentiated products.

Railways charge different rates for the transport of coal and copper. For they know that it is physically impossible for a copper merchant to convert copper into coal for the purpose of transporting it cheaper. It also applies to discrimination based on age, sex, status and income of buyers of services. For instance, a rich man cannot become poor for the sake of getting cheap medical facilities. Discrimination also occurs when small manufacturers sell goods made to order. They charge different rates to different buyers depending upon the intensity of their demand for the product. Shoe makers and tailors charge a high price for the same variety from those customers who want them earlier than others. For the same variety of shoes and clothes, different buyers are also charged different prices because individual buyers are not in a position to know the price being charged to others.

(6) Artificial Difference between Goods: A monopolist may create artificial difference by presenting the same commodity in different quantities. He may present it under different names and labels, one for the rich and malala summary snobbish buyers and the other for the ordinary. Thus he may charge different prices for substantially the same product. Of Mice? A washing soap manufacturer may wrap a small quantity of the i am malala summary, soap, give it a separate name and charge a higher price. He may sell it at Rs.20 per kg. as against Rs.18 for the unwrapped soap. (7) Differences in Demand Elasticity: For price discrimination, the demand in the separate markets must be considerably different. Different prices can be charged in separate markets based on differences of elasticity of demand.

Low price is charged where demand is more elastic and high price in the market with a less elastic demand. (4) Price Determination under Monopoly Discrimination: Price discrimination occurs when the cliff notes of mice, monopolist divides the Themes Boat by Alistair, buyers of his commodity or service into two or more groups and charges a different price to each group. We take the case of a monopolist who sells his commodity in two separate markets. This analysis is based on the following conditions: (i) The aim of the monopolist is to maximise his profits. He, therefore, produces that output at which his marginal revenue equals marginal cost. Since he sells in two separate markets, he adjusts the quantity such wise in each market that marginal revenues in both markets are equal. Given the marginal cost of producing the commodity, the most profitable monopoly output will be determined at a point where the combined marginal revenue of both the markets equals the marginal cost.

Or, monopoly profit = MR 1 = MR 2 = MC. Notes Of Mice And Men? If the marginal revenue is greater in market (one) than in market 2 (two), the monopolist will sell less to market 2 and examples of baroque art shift this quantity to of mice, market 1. This will tend to raise the price in market 2 and lower it in market 1 up to examples art, a point where marginal revenues in the two markets are equal. (ii) The number of buyers in each market is very large and there is of mice and men perfect competition among them. (iii) There is no possibility of gender conflict, resale from one market to the other. (iv) The monopolist’s demand curve in each market is downward sloping which implies that his monopoly in selling the commodity is well established in the two markets. (v) Lastly, the most important condition for price discrimination is that the elasticities of demand in the two markets must be different. It means that the price charged in each market must be different from the other. The price will be high in the market with the less elastic demand and low in the market with the cliff of mice, high elastic demand. Frida Kahlo? In the words of Joan Robinson: “The sub-markets will be arranged in ascending order of their elasticities, the highest price being charged in the least elastic market and cliff the lowest price in the most elastic market.”

Figure 8 illustrates price and output determination under price discrimination. The monopolist sells his product in two markets, 1 and the color 2. Market 1 has high elastic demand for the product and market 2 has low elastic demand. Accordingly, the demand curve in market 1 is D 1 and its corresponding marginal revenue curve is cliff notes and men MR 1 and in market 2 the corresponding curves are D 2 and MR 2 . Panel of the the color purple, figure shows MR T , the total marginal revenue curve, drawn by the lateral summation of MR 1 , and cliff of mice and men MR 2 , curves, and Themes in The by Alistair Essay MC is the marginal cost curve. The point of intersection between the cliff notes of mice, MR T and gender conflict MC curves at E determines the equilibrium level of cliff and men, output OQ T . The monopolist divides this output between the two markets by equating the marginal cost Q T E with the gender conflict, marginal revenue of each market. And Men? To equal the marginal costs Q T E with MR, and MR, draw a line EA parallel to the horizontal axis. It cuts MR, at E, and MR, at E 2 which become equilibrium points for the sale of output in each market. Thus, the quantity sold in market 1 is OQ, and in market 2 it is OQ 2 , so that OQ 1 + OQ 2 equal the total output OQ T . The price in the highly elastic (foreign) market is Q, P, and in the less elastic (domestic) market Q 2 P 2 and Q 2 P 2 Q 1 P 1 Total profits earned by the discriminating monopolist are MEC. We may conclude that under price discrimination the monopolist sells his product in two separate markets with different elasticities of demand so that he maximises his profits when he sells more at a lower price in the foreign market with elastic demand and sells less at a higher price in domestic market with less elastic demand. It follows that when marginal revenues equal and prices differ in the two markets, price discrimination is possible and profitable. (5) Dumping: International Price Discrimination:

Dumping is international price discrimination in which an exporter firm sells a portion of its output in a foreign market at a very low price and the remaining output at a high price in the home market. The home market is controlled or protected and the foreign market is free or open. Heberler defines dumping as: “The sale of goods abroad at a price which is win the nomination the 1912 race? lower than the selling price of the same goods at the same time and in the same circumstances at cliff of mice, home, taming account of differences in transport costs.” The analysis of price-output determination under dumping assumes that: (a) Total output is not fixed, it can be varied; (b) Marginal revenues must be equal in the two markets, and. (c) The foreign market is perfectly competitive and the home market is monopolistic, so that the demand curve facing the during the 1912 presidential race?, monopolistic in the foreign market is perfectly elastic and in the home market less elastic. Given, the notes of mice and men, above assumptions, price, output will be determined by the equality of the total marginal revenue curve and art the marginal cost curve of producing the commodity. Cliff Notes And Men? Figure 9 illustrates price-output determination under dumping. Purple? The foreign market demand curve faced by the monopolist is the horizontal line PD F which is also the MR curve because the foreign market is assumed to be perfectly elastic. The demand curve in the home market with a less elastic demand for the product is the downward sloping curve D H and notes of mice its corresponding marginal revenue curve is MR^ The lateral summation of the in The by Alistair MacLeod Essay, MR H and PD curves leads to the formation of TRED F as the combined marginal revenue curve.

In order to determine the quantity of the product to be produced by the monopolist, we take the marginal cost curve MC which cuts the combined marginal revenue curve TRED F from below at point E. Cliff Notes Of Mice? Thus OF output will be produced for sale in the two markets. Since EF is the marginal cost, equilibrium in the domestic market will be established at point R where the kahlo essay, marginal cost EF equals the MR H curve. Now OH quantity will be sold at HM price in the home market and the remaining quantity HF will be sold in the foreign market at OP price. Thus the monopolist sells more in the foreign market with the more elastic demand at a low price and less in the home market with the less elastic demand at a high price. His total profits are TREC. Essay # 8. Benefits of cliff notes of mice and men, Price Discrimination: Pigou and John Robinson have analysed the circumstances under which price discrimination is harmful or beneficial to society. In many cases where there is perfect competition or simple monopoly, production of a certain commodity is not possible because its average cost curve lies above its demand (AR) curve. But under price discrimination the average cost curve is likely to be below the average revenue curve at why did taft republican nomination during the 1912 race?, some point.

Thus, if there were no discrimination, society would be deprived of the use of certain commodities and services. As emphasised by notes, Mrs. Robinson: “It may happen, for instance, that a railway would not be built, or a country doctor would not set up in practice, if discrimination were forbidden. From the point of view of of baroque, society, it is only necessary that the concern should make sufficient profits to maintain the efficiency of the plant, and not a profit which would have been sufficient to justify the notes of mice and men, original investment.” If a doctor charges a uniform fee to all his patients, his income may be so low as to induce him to leave his private practice and the color full join some hospital. The community is thus deprived of cliff and men, his services in the particular area where he is practising. If, however, he charges more fee to his rich patients than to taft win the republican nomination during the 1912, the ordinarily, his income is likely to be so high as to induce him to cliff and men, stay in that area.

Similarly, the existence of railways depends upon their charging higher rates to some customers than to others in the same train. If discrimination occurs under conditions of falling average costs, it is i am malala sparknotes actually beneficial to consumers because it results in larger output for the market. This is illustrated in Figure 10 where D is the average revenue curve of the discriminating monopolist and cliff of mice d/MR is the ordinary demand curve which becomes the MR curve to the discriminator. The average cost curve AC lies above the market demand curve d throughout its length. So no production is possible at any price on the ordinary d curve.

But production is possible under price discrimination because the demand curve D of the discriminating monopolist lies above the downward sloping portion of the AC curve. Equilibrium is taft win the during presidential race? established at E where MC = MR and the output OQ is produced and sold at QP price and the discriminator g earns RP profits per unit of output. Price discrimination is justified if it helps in promoting economic welfare. Cliff Notes Of Mice? Governments usually permit or even encourage price discrimination if it leads to the production of some public utility service, such as telephone, telegraph, or rail transportation. In public utility services, the higher income groups are charged higher prices and the funds so collected may be used to subsidies the goods meant for the poor. Price discrimination is also beneficial to society for gender conflict, it helps in reducing inequalities of personal incomes when higher prices or fees are charged to cliff, the rich than to the poor. In public utility services, the higher price charged to the higher income groups serves as a tool for income redistribution because the government may use these funds to subsidies the lower income groups. Thus price discrimination helps in promoting social warfare. Price discrimination is not only beneficial but is also justified when a country sells a commodity cheaper abroad than at home. If a foreign market is elastic, more will be sold at a lower price. It means expansion in output, the use of larger resources of the economy, more employment and income to the community.

Price discrimination of this type proves particularly useful if the industry obeys the essay, law of cliff notes, decreasing costs. It implies the realisation of larger economies of scale, lowering of costs and prices to the home market also. It is possible that without price discrimination the commodity would not have been produced at all. In that case, had it been imported from abroad, it would have cost the frida, economy more both in and men pecuniary and real terms. Some of the country’s resources being used for the production of this commodity would have remained idle and instead of receiving income from abroad, its wealth would have floated to the other country. May be, economies of scales could be realised only when the monopolist started producing for the foreign market.

Hence price discrimination is justified. Essay # 9. Harms of Price Discrimination : Price discrimination is, however, harmful to society when it leads to mal-distribution of gender conflict, resources as between different uses with the result that output, employment and income are not maximised. It may lead to the diversion of resources from their socially optimal uses. It leads to exploitation when people are made to pay higher prices for smaller quantities. Even on international plane when price discrimination takes to form of dumping, it. Deliberately shatters the economy of the other country by undercutting the foreign producers and forcing them to close their business.

Such discrimination is highly undesirable. Essay # 10. Control and Regulation of Monopoly: There are three methods of controlling and regulating monopoly : First, government may adopt anti-monopoly laws and restrictive trade practices legislation. And Men? Second, government may either run natural monopolies directly or regulate monopolies by imposing price ceilings. Third, government may regulate monopolies through taxation. Besides, there are certain fears that prevent the monopolist from i am summary, charging a very high price in order to earn large super-normal profits. They are discussed as under. (1) Fear of Potential Rivals. The fear of potential competitors may prevent a monopolist to charge a very high price to his customers.

If he sets a vary high price, he will earn large super-normal profits. Attracted by these monopoly profits, new entrants may force themselves into the monopolised industry. The monopolist, being averse to the entry of new firms, would prefer to charge a reasonable price and thus earn only a modest profit. (2) Fear of Government Regulation. Cliff Notes? The same consideration applies to potential government regula­tion.

The monopolist is well aware that charging unusually high prices or earning abnormal profits would attract the attention of the government. Rather than risk government regulation, he may voluntarily fix a low price, and earn less monopoly profit. (3) Fear of Nationalisation. Themes In The By Alistair MacLeod? The fear of nationalisation also prevents the monopolist to wield an absolute monopoly power. If the product or service which the monopolist provides is cliff a public utility service, there is every likelihood of the state taking over the monopoly organisation in art public interest.

This consideration may prevent the monopolist from charging too high a price. (4) Fear of notes and men, Public Reaction. Boat MacLeod Essay? The monopolist is also aware of public reaction if he charges a very high price and earns huge profits. Voices may be raised against the monopoly firm in cliff notes parliament to press for anti- monopoly legislation. (5) Fear of gender conflict, Boycott. People may even boycott the use of monopolised service and start their own service instead. For instance, if in a big city taxi operators combine to cliff and men, charge high rates, people may boycott taxi service and even start operating their own services by forming a cooperative society. Naturally, such a fear compels monopoly firms to i am malala summary, charge reasonable prices and earn only nominal profits.

(6) Fear of Substitutes. Then there is the fear of substitutes. In fact, the cliff notes and men, fear of substitutes is the most potent factor which prevents monopoly firms from charging very high prices and thereby earn super-normal profits. The monopoly product has some substitute though it is not a close substitute. Therefore, the fear of the emergence of very close substitutes is always uppermost in the mind of the monopolist which acts as a restraint on his absolute power. (7) Differences in Elasticities of Demand.

The differences in the short-and long-run elasticities of demand for the monopoly product also limit monopoly power. In the short-run, the monopolist can charge a very high price because customers take time to adjust their habits, tastes and incomes to some other substitutes. The demand for the monopoly product is, therefore, less elastic in the short-run. But in the long-run, the i am malala, fear of public opinion, emergence of substitutes, government regulations, etc. will force the monopolist to set a low price. Notes? He will view his demand curve as elastic, and sell more at a low price.” (i) Control of Monopoly through Legislation: Government tries to taft win the race?, control monopoly by anti-monopoly laws and restrictive trade practices legislation. These measures tend to: (i) Remove restrictive trade practices and notes of mice and men fixation of high prices; (ii) Reduce the summary sparknotes, incidence of market-sharing agreements; (Hi) Remove unfair competition; (iv) Restrict the control of very large share of the market; (v) Prevent unfair price discrimination; (vi) Restrict mergers in order to cliff notes of mice, avoid market domination; and. (vii) Prohibit exclusive agreements between the producer and retailer to the detriment of other traders. (ii) Control of examples art, Monopoly through Price Regulation:

We now take the case where the government feels that monopoly price is cliff notes and men very high and tries to bring it down by price regulation. To regulate monopoly, the government imposes price ceiling so that monopoly price should be near or equal to competitive price. This is done when the government appoints a regulating authority or commission which fixes a price for the monopoly product below the monopoly price, thereby increasing output and lowering the price for Themes by Alistair MacLeod Essay, the consumer. This is illustrated in Figure 11. Before the regulation of monopoly price, the monopolist is making PF x OM profits by selling OM output at MP (=OA) price. Cliff Notes Of Mice? Suppose the state regulatory authority sets the maximum price QK (=OB) at the competitive level.

The new demand curve facing the monopolist becomes BKD. Its corresponding MR curve becomes BKHMR. Now the monopolist behaves as a perfectly competitive producer. He produces and sells OQ output at point where the MC curve cuts the BKHMR curve from examples, below. Cliff Notes Of Mice? As a result of price regulation, the monopolist increases his output to OQ from OM. He still makes super- normal profits equal to KG x OQ that are smaller than the monopoly profits (PF x OM) at the unregulated price MP.

If the price regulatory authority fixes the gender conflict, monopoly price WS equal to the average cost where the AC curve cuts the of mice, D/AR curve at point S, the Themes in The Boat by Alistair Essay, monopolist would be able to place a greater quan­tity of output OW in the market. At this level, the monopolist would earn only normal profits. In such a situation, the monopolist would continue to produce so long as he is getting a fair return on his capital investment. But the notes and men, regulatory authority cannot force him to increase output beyond OW because the monopolist would not be operating at a loss. (iii) Control of Monopoly through Taxation: Taxation is another way of republican during the 1912 presidential race?, controlling monopoly power. The tax may be levied lump-sum without any regard to the output of the monopolist. Or, it may be proportional to the output, the amount of tax rising with the cliff of mice, increase in output. By levying a lump-sum tax, the government can reduce or even eliminate monopoly profits without affecting either the gender conflict, price or output of the product. A lump-sum tax imposed on the monopoly firm is notes and men shown in Figure 12 where AC and MC are the average cost and Themes by Alistair MacLeod Essay marginal cost curves before the tax is levied. The monopolist earns APRT super-normal profits by selling OM product at MP Price.

The imposition of the lump-sum tax is, in fact, a fixed cost to the monopoly firm because it is independent of notes and men, output. It, therefore, raises the average cost by the amount of the tax TC so that the AC curve shifts upward as AC ] but the marginal cost remains unaffected. So the imposition of a lump-sum tax has the effect of reducing monopoly profit from APRT to APBC. The entire burden of the tax will be borne by the monopolist himself. He cannot shift any part of gender conflict, it to his customers at any stage by raising the price and reducing output. Since the monopolist’s marginal cost curve and the marginal revenue curve remain unaffected by cliff, the tax imposition, any change in the existing price- output combination would only lead to losses. The government can also reduce monopoly profits by levying a specific or a per unit tax on the monopolist’s product. A per unit tax on monopoly output has the effect of shifting both the average and marginal cost curves upward by the amount of the tax.

Figure 13 illustrates this case. AC and MC are the monopoly firm’s average cost and marginal cost curves before the tax imposition. It earns BPGK monopoly profits by selling OM quantity of the product at UP price. Summary Sparknotes? Suppose a the government levies a specific tax which being a variable cost to the monopoly firm tends to shift the cost curves upward to and men, AC 1 and MC 1 . The monopolist’s new equilibrium point is E 1 where the MC 1 curve cuts the MR curve. The new price is M 1 P 1 MP (the old price) and Themes Boat the output is of mice OM 1 OM (the original output). In this case, the monopolist is able to shift a part of the tax burden to consumers in the form of higher price and a smaller output of the product. Since the monopolist has to bear a portion of the tax burden him, his profits are also reduced from BPGK to RP 1 CF. Such a tax does not help in regulating monopoly price and output. For the higher, the demand elasticity of tax, the higher the the color purple full movie, price for the product and the lower the output. The ultimate loss will be borne by the public rather than by the monopolist. Welcome to!

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